List of Archived Posts

2018 Newsgroup Postings (05/14 - 07/01)

The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
Fair Seas and Following Wind John McCain
Has Microsoft commuted suicide
Has Microsoft commuted suicide
MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth
DOS & OS2
Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
America's 'War on Terror' Has Cost Taxpayers $5.6 Trillion,
How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver
Hell is ... ?
Fears of an Aggressive Iran Are Far Older Than the Islamic Republic Is
Hell is ... ?
3390 teardown
Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
Bill Black: Trump Admin Halts Investigation of For-Profit Colleges
Has Microsoft commuted suicide
Has Microsoft commuted suicide
3390 teardown
RCA and GE--why did they fail in computers?
68k, where it went wrong
Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance
Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
The Rise and Fall of IBM
8088 and 68k, where it went wrong
8088 and 68k, where it went wrong
Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk
The Medici Effect
MMIX meltdown
MMIX meltdown
MMIX meltdown
MMIX meltdown
Walt Doherty - RIP
Online History
Military Reformers
How Two House Democrats Defended Helping the GOP Weaken Dodd-Frank Financial Regulations
The Depression Playbook
Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
Hell is ... ?
IBM downturn
Online History
The Rise and Fall of IBM
Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today
How IBM Was Left Behind
Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks
Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks
IPCS, DUMPRX, 3092, EREP
What microprocessor is more powerful, the Z80 or 6502?
OCC Covering Up for Wells Fargo Type Abuses at Other Banks
A story about monkeys explains our grifter nation
Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
Patient Advocates Get Big Funding from Big Pharma
Report: Downed power lines sparked deadly California fires
Should Bankers Be Forced to Put Some Skin in the Game?
Mexico Foiled a $110 Million Bank Heist, Then Kept It a Secret
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages
Tariffs
Dirty Money, Shiny Architecture
How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism
Rewarding failure has become an American epidemic
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Here's every time Amazon has made a play for banking services
Finally: SEC Frets about Share Buybacks, "Torrent of Corporate Trading Dominating the Market" and "Short-Term Financial Engineering"
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Nassim Nicholas Taleb
George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Insiders Want Trump To Pardon Junk Bond "King" Michael Milken
HARPER: HAPPY ANNIVERSARY GLASS STEAGALL--WE MISS YOU, COME BACK
Former NSA And CIA Director Michael Hayden: The 'Golden Age Of Electronic Surveillance' Is Ending
IBM 138/148 & Forecasting
Quality Efforts
CMS\APL
Management Training
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
3380 failures
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
The Pentagon Can't Account for $21 Trillion (That's Not a Typo)
The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
Study Confirms Most Psychopaths Live in Washington D.C
Having learned 20yrs earlier, and both Bush1 & Bush2 as example, move to non-gov email servers
Symposium: Clear Regulations Protect Freedom, Not Restrict It
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Private sector needs a little sumthin' sumthin' to get it sharing threat intel - US security chap
More Immigration
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
OS/360 PCP JCL
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
What did corporate America do with that tax break? Buy record amounts of its own stock
Frank Heart Dies at 89
What did corporate America do with that tax break? Buy record amounts of its own stock
The History of Junk Bonds and Leveraged Buyouts
The story of the internet is all about layers; How the internet lost its decentralized innocence
NASA chief says he changed mind about climate change because he 'read a lot'
Comcast confirms major Xfinity outage nationwide
Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge
Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge
Watch IBM's TV ad touting its first portable PC, a 50-lb marvel

The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
Date: 13 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam (Max Boot)
https://www.amazon.com/Road-Not-Taken-Lansdale-American-ebook/dp/B073VXL9RV/
pg497/loc9038-42:
When Lodge heard about Lansdale's plans to stage a free election, he launched into a lengthy diatribe about how he and Lyndon Johnson had spent most of their lives rigging elections. "Get it across to the press that they shouldn't apply higher standards here in Vietnam than they do in the U.S.," he instructed aides. 30 One of Lodge's closest aides believed that "Lansdale wanted the reality of elections, while Lodge was convinced we needed only the appearance of a democracy in order to do what we had to do. Which wasn't the same thing."
... snip ...

good companion to: Dereliction of Duty: Johnson, McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff
https://www.amazon.com/Dereliction-Duty-Johnson-McNamara-Chiefs-ebook/dp/B004HW7834/

story: within year after a 2hr intro to computing, university hires me fulltime to be responsible for their production mainframe (admin&academic) computing sysetms, then Boeing hires me fulltime for small group attached to CFO office to help with formation of Boeing Computing Systems (consolidate all their computers into independent business unit to better monetize the investment). I thought Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world with something like $200M-$300M in IBM mainframes. Later I would meet and sponsor Col. Boyd briefings at IBM. Boyd would talk about being very vocal about electronics on the trail not working and possibly as punishment, he is put in charge of spook base ... reference here (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine):
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
also Operation Igloo White
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Boyd biographies mention spook base was $2.5B windfall for IBM (ten times Renton).

posts & URL mentioning Boyd (&/or OODA-loops)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

After graduating I join IBM science center at MIT in Cambridge. While at university I rewrote a lot of mainframe code, which was incorporated as standard product and shipped to customers; IBM would even suggest some things I could do, which in retrospect may have originated from these guys (which I didn't learn about until much later, ref gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

Some of them even would show up at computer & security classes I would teach. I was even asked to teach some in McLean. Offline at the class, they would brag that they knew where I was every day of my life back to birth (challenging me to choose any date) ... this was (not long) before Church and I guess they felt it was justified because they used so much of my software. One time I was teaching all day class in the basement to couple score attendees. Mid-afternoon, about half the room quietly gets up and leaves. Finally somebody informs me I can look at it one of two ways: 1) half the room went upstairs to listen to the VP or 2) half the room stayed to listen to me.

In the same period, IBM got a new CSO from the government (had been head of presidential detail at one time). I was asked to go around with him for a time, talking about computer security (while a little bit of physical security rubbed off).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

They were also quite active in SHARE user group. SHARE normally had three letter membership id, if possible their corporate letters, like "IBM". However, they chose "CAD" (supposedly for "cloak and dagger"). Note TYMSHARE starting offering their CMS-based online computer conferencing system, free to SHARE in AUG1976 ... archives here (will find many "CAD" entries)
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fair Seas and Following Wind John McCain

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fair Seas and Following Wind John McCain
Date: 15 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Fair Seas and Following Wind John McCain
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2018/05/fair-seas-and-following-wind-john-mccain.html

Keating Five
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
William K. Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
It was Black who accused then-house speaker Jim Wright and five US Senators, including John Glenn and John McCain, of doing favors for the S&L's in exchange for contributions and other perks. The senators got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one of those bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called "Keating Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get Black -- kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. Of course.
... snip ...

note also: VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

This century, another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has Microsoft commuted suicide

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Has Microsoft commuted suicide ...
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 May 2018 22:03:18 -0700
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
If you've got a mainframe you're locked in. COBOL doesn't exist in a vacuum. It's usually used in conjunction with CICS.

around turn of century I did some performance work for a datacenter that ran 450k Cobol statement program every night on 40+ max configured IBM mainframes, constantly being upgraded, none older than 18months (@$30M). Number needed for finishing account settlement in the overnight batch window (no CICS).

They had something like 80 people managing performane care and feeding, doing execution hotspot analysis, tracking literature about cobol performance tweaking etc. ... including lots of strobe
https://compuware.com/strobe-mainframe-performance-monitoring/

At the science center in the 60s & 70s, there was performance work in number of areas, hotspot execution analysis, analytical modeling, and multiple regression analysis. Since they were already do loads of hotspot work and hired somebody else to do analytical modeling, i took multiple regression analysis and asked for total system run times and all the activity counts they could gather. Multiple regression analysis turn up a hotspot function that was accounting for 21% of processing. When they looked at the logic, they realized that they could cut it to 7% ... a 14% savings. They had been so myopically focused on the low/micro level instruction by instruction optimization that they had lost sight of high/macro level.

One of the performance analytical (APL-based) modeling tools from the science center in the early 70s was enhanced and made available on the internal online sales&marketing support HONE system (as the performance predictor). Branch people could enter configuration and workload information and ask "what-if" questions about (configuration and workload) changes. This went through several generations. Then with IBM troubles in the early 90s, somebody in Europe had acquired rights to the latest version, ran it through a APL->C converter and was running performance consulting service ... and was the person brought in to the same datacenter that I was doing the multiple regression analysis. It found something like another 7%. Total 21% on major application that already had major, constant performance care&feeding

some of the science center work on configuration and workload profiling eventually morphs into capacity planning. past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

other posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#64 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#69 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#106 Has Microsoft commuted suicide

past posts mentioning 450k statement cobol application
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#50 Where can you get a Minor in Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#20 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#24 Job ad for z/OS systems programmer trainee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#81 Intel: an expensive many-core future is ahead of us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#5 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#76 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#20 IBM forecasts 'new world order' for financial services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#35 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#63 Collection of APL documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#45 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has Microsoft commuted suicide

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Has Microsoft commuted suicide ...
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 16 May 2018 19:24:01 -0700
hancock4 writes:
COBOL programs I wrote 35 years ago are still running, alongside COBOL programs written 40 or 45 years ago. There may be still some assembler stuff 50 years old, written originally for RCA Spectra (that was IBM compatible) still running.

With some 4GL and other mainframe packages, economics was a factor. Many of those once independent packages have been acquired by CA and they jacked up the license fees despite the software being stabilized for years.

For example, today many once independent data centers have been merged. Today's Z systems do the work of multiple 3033's. So a company finds itself running multiple packages that do the same thing, such as several report writer utilities. They pay high rent for each, and management wonders why not use a single package? However, the labor cost in conversion is high.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide

after falure of FS project, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

3033 started out remapping 168-3 logic 20% faster chips ... some additional optimization about it up to 4.4mips almost 50% than 168-3. ten 3033 would be 44mips.
z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000 z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003 z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005 z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008 z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010 EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012 z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015 z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017

single z14 processor @862MIPS is almost 200 3033 processors, max configured z14, 34,000 3033 processors

earlier 4gl reference in a.f.c.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
and recent reference in ibm-com mailint list (also spread sheelt, visicalc)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#85 z/VM Live Guest Relocating

references offered on virtual machine based online systems ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOCUS

NCSS&IDC spin-offs of the science center, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
predates sql/relational ... which was done on vm370 at san jose research ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

brief history of 4gl
http://www.decosta.com/Nomad/tales/history.html
One could say PRINT ACROSS MONTH SUM SALES BY DIVISION and receive a report that would have taken many hundreds of lines of Cobol to produce. The product grew in capability and in revenue, both to NCSS and to Mathematica, who enjoyed increasing royalty payments from the sizable customer base.
... snip ...

focus also also available on tymshare, another virtual machine based online system
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymeshare

virtual machine based online system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

other reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth-generation_programming_language

other past 4gl posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#40 Gone but not forgotten: 10 operating systems the world left behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#54 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#55 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#26 Global Sourcing with Cloud Computing and Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#30 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#33 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#42 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#56 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#32 Speed of computers--wave equation for the copper atom? (curiosity)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#40 How Larry Ellison Became The Fifth Richest Man In The World By Using IBM's Idea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#27 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#107 some computer and online history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#29 Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#39 The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth
Date: 16 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth
http://www.businessinsider.com/morgan-stanley-amazon-facebok-cloud-data-center-2018-5

Note for over a decade, large cloud megadatacenters said that they were assembling their own server systems for 1/3rd the price of brand name systems. Then a couple years ago the server chip markers said that they were shipping more than half their product directly to these megadatacenters ... which likely contributed to IBM's decision to sell off its sever business

other side-effect, is that the system cost has dropped so dramatically that power & cooling has become increasing cost of their megadatacenters ... so it pays for them to constantly replace their systems as more power/cooling efficient implementations are available.

a megadatacenter has several hundred thousand systems and millions of processors ... even best green efficiency still uses some electricity. It even pays for them to build them in cool, low humidity locations to improve cooling efficiency. As things get smaller (and more efficient), they are just cramming increasing number of processors in each system.

some recent megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#36 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#104 AW: mainframe distribution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#24 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#46 Slashdot: Business under-investing in I.T
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#106 Has Microsoft commuted suicide

trivia: at time STL was built, the IBM convention was to name it after local post office ... which was "coyote". However just before the lab opens, the San Fran professional ladies union ("coyote") was demonstrating on the steps of national capital in DC. Shortly later name of the lab was changed to Santa Teresa.

Google was at forefront last decade ... they would do reliability studies and total cost of ownership of components from lots of different vendors and then publish public reports (like MTBF statistics across hundreds of thousands of disks).

Facebook then got into it starting open compute project
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Compute_Project

Note after Jim Gray left IBM for Tandem ... he did study of failures .... find that hardware reliability had significantly improved and outages/availability had sifted from hardware to mostly people, software, and environment.

copy of 1984 overview
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

Late 80s & early 90s when we were doing HA/CMP product and cluster scaleup ... we also studied how things failed

Last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP (high availability / cluster multiprocessing) using lots of RS/6000. At DEC91 ACM SIGOPS meeting Jim Gray and I got into a little dustup over high availability couldn't be done with off the shelf hardware ... had to be special built. However at the time, he had moved on from Tandem was at DEC database group which used VAX/Cluster hardware for availability. Then DEC was sold to COMPAQ (and DEC database went to oracle) and Jim went on sabbatical. Then a couple years later he shows up at microsoft and is on stage with head of microsoft pushing windows/intel cluster high availability.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

We were also doing cluster scaleup ... working with national labs on technical/scientific and RDBMS companies on commercial scaleup. The RDBMS groups had VAX/cluster support in the same source base as UNIX implementation. To simplify their port I wrote a distributed lock manager that implemented the VAX/cluster API ... however VAX/cluster logic had a lot of issues with scaleup .... that I fixed. Problem was that IBM mainframe groups complained that if I was allowed to go ahead, it would be way ahead of them. First part of JAN1992, we had meeting with head of Oracle with several people ... mentioned here in this old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks of the Ellison meeting, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. A few months later we leave IBM.

trivia: two of the oracle people mentioned in the Ellison meeting have later left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called the "commerce server". We are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DOS & OS2

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: DOS & OS2
Date: 18 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Note DEC people point out that the head of the NT group was formally the head of the VAX/VMS group ... and that some amount of NT is from VMS. However the Sequent people (long before IBM bought Sequent and shut it down) claimed credit for scalable ("tightly coupled") multiprocessor support in NT.

I have old email exchange with the OS/2 group ... they had asked the VM370 group about how to do multitasking ... and the VM370 group sent the OS/2 people to me. past posts mentioning multitasking scheduler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

Note in the wake of failure of IBM's Future System project in the mid-70s, head of POK managed to convince corporate to kill VM370 product, shutdown the Burlington Mall (burlington Mass) development group and move all the people to POK (or otherwise they wouldn't ship MVS/XA on time much later in the 80s). They weren't planning on telling the people until just before the move to minimize the number that might escape. However, the information leaked early and many managed to excape (numerous going to the new VMS effort at DEC). There is joke that the head of POK was one of the leading contributors to VAX/VMS. Endicott eventually managed to obtain the VM370 product mission but had to recreate a development group from scratch. past posts mentioning Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

other trivia: before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing cp/m, kildall worked on cp67/cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School
cp67/cms (aka precursor to vm/370)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
before cp67/cms ... there was virtual machine, interactive computing cp/40
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

more trivia: PROFS group picked up some number of internal applications, including very early copy of VMSG for the email client. When the VMSG author tried to offer a much enhanced version, they tried to get him fired (since they had taken credit for everything). Things quieted down when the VMSG author showed that all VMSG email carries his initials in non-displayed field.

RISC is more complicated. 801/risc presented at internal conference 1976, late 70s there was several efforts to use 801/risc as microprocessors for controllers, microprogrammed engine for low & mid-range 370s and microprocessor engine for S/38 followon, the AS/400. For lots of reasons, all of these RISC efforts floundered and returned to business as usual with custom CISC chips. Late 80s/early 90s, we were doing cluster scaleup for our RS/6000 HA/CMP product, working with both RDBMS vendors for commercial cluster scaleup and national labes for scientific/technical scaleup. Then within a few weeks after this commercial scaleup meeting JAN1992 with head of Oracle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer for scientific/technical *ONLY* and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors. Part of the issue was that mainframe commercial was complaining that if we were allowed to go ahead, it would be way ahead of them.

even more trivia: risc/801 Iliad chip was supposed to be used for 4361/4381 (4331/4341 followon). I helped prepare analysis that VLSI had gotten to the point where it was possible to directly implement a 370 VLSI chip ... rather than microprocessor where 370 was implemented in microcode (i've posted pieces of the document in the past).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
Date: 19 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known; A longtime Wall Street Journal editor has some tips on navigating workplace issues, including rampant gender bias, for her younger self--and everyone else
https://www.wsj.com/articles/workplace-advice-i-wish-i-had-known-1524841495
"Early in my career, my boss owned a sailboat and on weekends, he liked to take along guys in the office."
... snip ...

Not just gender, when I graduated and first joined IBM, I drank the kool-aid and got 3piece suits for customer calls. I'd do technical presentations at SHARE and lots of customers liked me to wander by their shops and talk technology. One was manager of one of the largest (true blue, all-IBM) financial datacenters on the east coast. At one point, the branch manager horribly offended that customer. The customer decided it would teach IBM a lesson and be the first non-university customer to order an Amdahl machine (it would be a lonely red system in a vast sea of blue). I got called in and told to go live onsite at the customer for 6-12 months. I said I was really good friends with the customer and knew it would change nothing. I was told that the branch manager was really good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO and I needed to do this to obfuscate why the customer was ordering an Amdahl machine. I said I still couldn't see any reason to do it. I was told that if I didn't obfuscate why the customer was ordering an Amdahl machine, it would ruin the branch manager's career (best buds with IBM CEO) and I could forget about having any career in IBM. I never wore a 3piece suit again, a long career offending lots of people in IBM.

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold ... also significantly tested IBM sales "FUD" (fear, uncertainty and doubt) marketing
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat
...
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.
... snip ...

and the 1st non-university, large commercial, true-blue IBM customer to order one, they tried to blame on me ... obfuscation and misdirection away from the branch manager. I had also continued to work on 370 stuff all through the FS period, even periodically ridiculing the FS stuff ... which also wasn't exactly career enhancing activity.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's 'War on Terror' Has Cost Taxpayers $5.6 Trillion,

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's 'War on Terror' Has Cost Taxpayers $5.6 Trillion,
Date: 19 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
America's 'War on Terror' Has Cost Taxpayers $5.6 Trillion, And it's earned us absolutely nothing
https://www.thenation.com/article/americas-war-on-terror-has-cost-taxpayers-5-6-trillion/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver
Date: 19 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Psychology of Work; How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver
http://www.bbc.com/capital/story/20180515-how-to-become-an-elastic-thinker-and-problem-solver?ocid=ww.social.link.facebook

How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers
To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver

... snip ...

little topic drift, late 70s congress placed restricted quotas on Asian imports, purpose was to reduce low-cost imports and competition, allowing domestic makers to significantly increase prices resulting in enormous profits that they would use to completely remake themselves. However, they just pocketed the profits and continue business as usual. In the early 80s there was article (wash post?) calling for 100% unearned profit on the domestic makers.

In 1990, the US auto industry called for C4 task force to look at completely remaking themselves ... and because they planned on heavily leveraging technology, they invited major technology vendors to send representatives. In the meetings they could accurately describe the Asian competition and what US industry needed to change (however as seen by the auto bailouts, they still weren't able to change).

One of the issues was the US auto industry took 7-8yrs to go from start to rolling off the line, typical with two parallel efforts offset by 3-4yrs so it looked like something new more often. Foreign competition had cut that in half, and in 1990 were in process of cutting it in half again. They used corvette as example of the problem with its especially tight space tolerances. Industry had spun off their major part suppliers and in the long interval since initial design, lots of parts had changed, resulting in redesign and further delay and expense.

On this one, I got to use speed of OODA-loop references, including able to react (four times) faster to changing customer preferences and technology.

other trivia: in part motivating initial cutting development cycle in half, Toyota realized that at the set quota, it could sell as many high priced cars (as low priced) so they kicked off program to quickly change their product (both quota restriction and competition moving from low/entry to much more highly priced product, further enabled domestic to significantly increase prices, w/o having to change product).

auto c4 taskforce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce
posts & URL mentioning Boyd (&/or OODA-loops)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hell is ... ?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Hell is ... ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 19 May 2018 13:03:17 -0700
pechter@ascii.(none) (William Pechter) writes:
Sounds like IBM Global Services when I joined them for a short time in the 90s...

Geniuses out of Boulder Colorado came in and did the proposals and setup on the sysadmin/backup (tsm) etc... then left the untrained kids from community college in Boulder to support the outside sysadmins hired with no turnover or docs to run the live stuff and be on call 24x7.


trivia: late 70s I did CMSBACK for internal datacenters ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cmsback

it went through several internal releases and then distributed (PC & workstation) client support was added ... and released (from San Jose/Almaden Research) to customers as workstation datasave (WDSF). It was then picked up by the disk division ... when IBM was being re-orged into the 13 "baby blues" (in preparation for breaking up the company) ... and the disk division had been rebranded ADSTAR and WDSF was rebranded ADSM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager#History

while new CEO reversed the overall breakup ... the disk division was eventually still unloaded ... and ADSM was transferred to Tivoli part of IBM and rebranded TSM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager#Product_details

posts mentioning backup/archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

note beltway bandits made fine science of better monetizing true domain experts by teaching project formula classes to bunch of new graduates who are the face of the workforce on projects ... with the true domain expert showing up rarely or never.

saw huge upswing last decade with big uptic in outsourcing to beltway bandits and government contractors. part was their limitations on lobbying congress ... private-equity buying up some of the entities and apparently no lobbying restriction on private equity owners (possibly contributing was contacts with former employee, now president)

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster.
... snip ...

including buying the beltway bandit that will employ snowden

the next innovation was the rapidly spreading success of failure culture, a sequence of failures more profit than immediate success
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

so large number of low-skilled means lots more gov. contracts, lower salary costs as well as excuse for failures.

intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people (including private-equity owned company that employed Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

former AMEX president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

note also father of the president, previously former director of CIA, vice-president, and then (also) president, in the 80s (while VP) repeatedly claimed no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade, another family member presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis, proportionally there should have been 70,000 criminal convictions (with jailtimes), so far nobody has even been charged.

s&l crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fears of an Aggressive Iran Are Far Older Than the Islamic Republic Is

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fears of an Aggressive Iran Are Far Older Than the Islamic Republic Is
Date: 19 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Fears of an Aggressive Iran Are Far Older Than the Islamic Republic Is
https://warisboring.com/fears-of-an-aggressive-iran-are-far-older-than-the-islamic-republic/

Iran elected leader was going to review the Anglo-Persian contracts ... CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf senior) trained
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning Anglo-Persian (oil) contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#16 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#59 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#90 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#104 Iran shrink-wrapped $100 Payments

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hell is ... ?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Hell is ... ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 19 May 2018 21:34:32 -0700
"RS Wood" <rsw@therandymon.com> writes:
For the edification of an outsider, who were the big 8? Who are the big 4?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#9 Hell is ... ?

accounting firm wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Four_accounting_firms

Big Eight
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Four_accounting_firms#Big_Eight
Big Six
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Four_accounting_firms#Big_Six
Big Five
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Four_accounting_firms#Big_Five
and finally Big Four
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Four_accounting_firms#Big_Four
The Enron collapse and ensuing investigation prompted scrutiny of their financial reporting, which was audited by Arthur Andersen. Arthur Andersen was eventually indicted for obstruction of justice for shredding documents related to the audit in the 2001 Enron scandal.
... snip ...

Enron Scandal
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Enron_scandal

Note I've mentioned before working on both commercial (with RDBMS vendors) and scientific/technical (with national labs) cluster scaleup as part of our HA/CMP product
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

old post mentioning Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

a few weeks later, IBM transfers cluster scaleup, announces as supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY* and we are told that we can't work on anything with more than four processors. A few months later we depart IBM.

Later, two of the Oracle people (referenced at the Jan1992 meeting) have left and are at small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server". We are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Location reference in Mountain view
http://allthingsd.com/20100826/tonight-the-lights-go-down-on-netscapes-silicon-valley-hq/

they start undergoing rapid growth and they hire Anderson (some company involved in enron) who brings in a bunch of programmers, they are housed in large warehouse bldg to rear/side of the main bldg ... with cubicles setup up. Part of the issue is that the accounting firms were running consulting business beside the audit business ... contributing to conflict of interests.

Note that later, rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, however it required SEC to do something.

Possible because GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, they start doing reports of fraudulent public company financial filings, even show that they increase after SOX goes into effect.

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
public company fraudulent financial reporting posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

still at it:

New Leak Reveals Luxembourg Tax Deals for Disney, Koch Brothers Empire Latest "Lux Leaks" files obtained by ICIJ disclose secret tax structures sought by "Big 4" accounting giants for brand name international companies.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/luxembourg-leaks/

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3390 teardown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3390 teardown
Date: 20 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
3390 teardown
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBjoWMA5d84&feature=share

3390
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3390.html

3380->3390 3mbytes/sec to 4.2mbytes/sec higher bit density also smaller disk can spin faster, 3390mod1, 3.78gbytes to 11.35gbytes, mod2 double capacity

note: original 3380 had 20 track spacings between datatracks, then spacing was cut in half and doubled number of tracks, for "K" spacing was cut to 1/3rd original 3380 (and tripled number of tracks).
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3380c.html

trivia: father of 801/risc ropes me in helping him with idea for "wide-head" ... read/writes 16 (closely-spaced) tracks simultaneously. Every 17th track is servo track ... and wide-head follows servo-tracks on both sides of the 16 data tracks. The problem is that it worked out to 16 times data transfer of normal 3380 (i.e. 48mbyte/sec) ... which IBM channels couldn't handle ... even the later ESCON only handled 17mbytes/sec.

1980, I was roped into do channel-extender support for STL. They were bursting at the seams on moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with dataprocessing support back into the STL datacenter. The group had tried "remote" 3270 terminal support but found the human factors totally unacceptable. Channel-extender support allowed placing channel attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg. with no apparent different in human factors (compared to inside STL). The hardware vendor then tried to IBM to approve releasing my support, but there was group in POK playing with some serial stuff, that got it vetoed (they were afraid that if my support was in the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff approved).

In 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were playing with, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980). The POK people finally get their stuff released in 1990 as ESCON when it is already obsolete. ESCON is 200mbits/sec half-duplex ... only around 17mbytes/sec effective. FCS is dual-simplex, concurrent 1gbit/sec in both directions, 2gbit/sec aggregate (around 200mbytes/sec aggregate).

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON (ibm protocol on fibre channel standard) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

getting to play disk engineer (posts) in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
Date: 20 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#6 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known

the most common career advice given to me was "business ethics" is an oxymoron

trivia: after graduation and joining IBM Science Center, one of my hobbies was developing&supporting enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters (not only could I wander around customer datacenters, I was also allowed to wander around many of the internal datacenters, both in US and overseas, when EMEA moved to Paris, I was asked to go along for the datacenter install). One of my early & long time internal customers was HONE (world-wide online sales&marketing support system). Also since the Multics group was on the 5th flr and science center was on the 4th flr ... there was some rivalry. I would point out that I had more internal datacenter systems than the total number of Multics systems during its lifetime
http://www.multicians.org/sites.html

after the Amdahl branch office incident I transferred out to San Jose Research, since they were a lot more local internal and customer systems that I could wander around ... and HONE had recently consolidated its US datacenters in Palo Alto (trivia when FACEBOOK first moves to Silicon Valley, it is into new bldg built next door to the old consolidated HONE datacenter).

past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

US AFDS was one of Multics premier customers so I thought it was neat that AFDS wanted to come out spring 1979 to talk about getting 20 VM/4341s .... when they finally got around to coming out that fall, it had increased to 210 VM/4341s. previously archived email spring 1979
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404b

in Jan1979, I had already been talked into doing some LLNL vm/4341 benchmarks that was looking at getting 70 vm/4341s for compute farm (sort of the leading edge of coming cluster supercomuting tsunami) ... however large customers would be also ordering hundreds of vm/4341s at a time for placing out in non-datacenter departmental areas (sort of leading edge of coming distributed computing tsunami). I had gotten con'ed into also playing disk engineer so bldg14 & bldg15 gave me quite a big of latitude using their mainframes (bldg. 15 had the first engineering 3033 outside POK flr, and similar engineering 4341 outside of Endicott flr and I also provided the production operating systems for their mainframes).

getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

In the late 70s and early 80s, I was also blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to current social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. This is now going on 40yrs ago ... and there was gender bias discussions at that time. Part of it was called "Tandem Memos" (another recent discussion in this group)

online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

I was also told there was significant group that had tried to have me the youngest member at one of the top technical positions in the company ... but with 5of6 of the corporate executive committee wanting to fire me, it was never going to happen ... however the 6th did start providing funding out of his office for doing projects (almost as if I was one).

Mid-80s top executive was predicting IBM revenue world-wide revenue was going to double and there was big internal bldg program to double (mostly mainframe) manufacturing ... and whole lot of newly minted MBAs (of both genders) on fast track being rotated thru executive positions at business unit (frequently to the detriment to those units) getting reading for doubling size of company. It wasn't exactly career enhancing to point out that business was already starting to head in the opposite direction.

About that time, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at the annual, world-wide, internal group conference supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division (which has since come to pass). The issue was communication group had stranglehold with strategic ownership for every that crossed datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm & install base. The disk division was seeing the communication group stanglehold and data fleeing to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had repeatedly come up with products to address the situation, but they were constantly vetoed by the communication group.

disclaimer: the disk division executive tasked with trying to support distributed computing periodically asked my wife and me to help him (since communication group could veto any IBM logo'ed distributed computing, they started in investing in distributed computing startups that had mainframe support). Note effect not just disk, all mainframes, a few yrs later company goes into red and it was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. Dec1992 article behind paywall, but mostly lives free at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

We had already left the company by this time, but get a call from bowels of Armonk about helping with the splitup of the company. Issue was that business units had MOUs to leverage supplier contracts with other units ... which would be in different corporations after the splitup. These MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts. Before we get started, new CEO comes in and reverses the breakup (but still spins off the disk division).

dumb terminal paradigm posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
from amex president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

note my wife had been in the GBURG JES group and was one of the catchers for ASP for turning into JES3, also one of the co-authors of JESUS (JES Unified System), all the things in JES2 & JES3 that the respective customers couldn't live w/o. Then she was con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of (mainframe) loosely-coupled (cluster) architecture where she did peer-coupled shared data architecture. She didn't remain long because 1) little uptake (except for IMS hot-standby until much later with sysplex & parallel sysplex) and 2) constant battles with communication group trying to force her into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation.

peer-coupled shared data posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bill Black: Trump Admin Halts Investigation of For-Profit Colleges

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bill Black: Trump Admin Halts Investigation of For-Profit Colleges
Date: 20 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Bill Black: Trump Admin Halts Investigation of For-Profit Colleges
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/05/bill-black-trump-admin-halts-investigation-profit-colleges.html

Problems with for-profit colleges greatly increased with private equity moving into the market. Private equity's failing grade: Private equity investment in for-profit colleges
http://pestakeholder.org/private-equitys-failing-grade-private-equity-investment-in-for-profit-colleges/
As the Trump administration rolls back the greater regulatory scrutiny the for-profit college industry has faced during the last several years, it is private equity that stands to benefit the most, posing continuing dangers to students, taxpayers, and the integrity of the federal financial aid system.
... snip ...

In the case of for-profit colleges, things was significantly accelerated when congress was lobbied to exempt student loans from bankruptcy. Private Student Loan Bankruptcy Rule Traps Graduates With Debt Amid Calls For Reform
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/14/private-student-loans-bankruptcy-law_n_1753462.html
If she could file bankruptcy to erase the private student loan debt she owes to Sallie Mae, she would. But because of a 2005 reform law, private student loans cannot be discharged in bankruptcy, except in extremely rare cases. Oquendo isn't alone. Today, 2.9 million Americans have private student loan debt, owing about $150 billion and representing 15 percent of all student debt.
... snip ...

AFR Report: Private Equity's Failing Grade in the For-Profit College Industry
https://ourfinancialsecurity.org/2018/03/afr-report-private-equitys-failing-grade-profit-college-industry/
Private Equity for Education | Mapping Money Flows and Industry Trends with Mitch Leventhal & Ina Tang
https://equityforeducation.wordpress.com/
Why one major for-profit college chain taken private the same day another one goes public
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/why-one-major-for-profit-college-chain-taken-private-the-same-day-another-one-goes-public-2017-02-02

this is similar to private equity take-over of beltway bandits and gov. contractors ... resulting in massive uptic in gov. outsourcing last decade ... part of the issue is that gov. contracts have significant restrictions on lobbying congress ... while private equity owners under no such restriction. Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster
... snip ...

... including acquiring beltway bandit that will employ Snowden. Just intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
which also significantly accelerates the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (more profit from series of failures) ... especially large dataprocessing related projects
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

private equity analogy to house flipping ... except they put "mortgage" on the company books, extract every cent out of the company and then can flip for less money than they paid (because they don't have to pay off the loan), and still walk away with enormous amounts of money. Over half corporate defaults are companies currently or formally in private equity mill.
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

Bill Black was bank examiner during S&L crisis, trivia: Keating Five
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
William K. Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
It was Black who accused then-house speaker Jim Wright and five US Senators, including John Glenn and John McCain, of doing favors for the S&L's in exchange for contributions and other perks. The senators got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one of those bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called "Keating Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get Black -- kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. "Of course."
... snip ...

note also: VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

This century, another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
former AMEX president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has Microsoft commuted suicide

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Has Microsoft commuted suicide ...
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 09:21:15 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
It was new to me, too. Technically, I guess, BCD applies to encoding of numbers, but it was extended to apply to 6-bit character sets (or at least some of them).

360 was suppose to be ascii ... ebcdic was extending 6bit BCD to 8bit ... in part because of compatibility with existing tab cards in the field. this account has ebcdic got further perpetuated because ASCII unit record gear wasn't ready for 360 announce

EBCDIC and the P-BIT (The Biggest Computer Goof Ever)
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

other historical references by the same author:
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

some other ASCII related

HOW ASCII CAME ABOUT
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/ASCII.HTM
HOW ASCII GOT ITS BACKSLASH
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/BACSLASH.HTM
SIGNIFICANT ARTICLES ON ASCII
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/INSIDE-A.HTM
ASCII and the Mark of the Beast
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/666.HTM
ORIGIN OF THE ISO REGISTER FOR ASCII-ALTERNATE SETS
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/REGISTRY.HTM

Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code wiki page:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_Binary_Coded_Decimal_Interchange_Code

posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#64 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#69 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#106 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#3 Has Microsoft commuted suicide

past posts mentioning bob bemer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#26 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#27 Origins of EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#39 Mainframe Utility for EBCDIC to ASCII conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#41 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#63 CAPS Fantasia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#4 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#65 They've changed the keyboard layout _again_
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#9 Typewriter vs. Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#67 Wondering if I am really eligible for this group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#6 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#45 HP getting out of computer biz
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#23 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#5 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#45 CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#55 "Geek" t-shirts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#100 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#52 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#55 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#73 END OF FILE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#36 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#84 72 column cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#52 8-bit bytes and byte-addressed machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#56 Reduced Symbol Set Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#56 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#72 One reason for monocase was Re: Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#61 32760?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#3 Ported Tools - Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#49 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#33 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#35 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#21 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#22 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#37 Subject Unicode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#5 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#13 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#15 50 years of timesharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#63 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#52 Rather nice article on COBOL on Vulture Central
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#24 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#29 Special characters for Passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#99 IBM architecture, was Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#4 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#6 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#65 16-bit minis, was Floating point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#6 New Line vs. Line Feed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#47 ASCII vs. EBCDIC (was Re: On sort options ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#0 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#64 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#70 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#71 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#79 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#5 RFE? xlc compile option for C integers to be "Intel compat" or Little-Endian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#109 Online Terminals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#75 Nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#77 Nostalgia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has Microsoft commuted suicide

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Has Microsoft commuted suicide ...
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 10:21:47 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Sounds like the kind of thing that caused the "Great Recession."

there was articles after the crash pointing fingers, trying to blame everything but the people responsible (blaming computers, black-scholes, blaming complex computer models, etc) ... however there was also a few risk managers speaking up saying that business people were forcing them to fiddle the inputs until the desired results were received (garbade in, garbage out) ... and calling for risk managers having greater independence from the business people.

there was then the OCT2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal roles that the rating agencies played in the mess ... had testimony that rating agencies were getting paid to hand out "triple-A" ... even when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A.

Triple-A enables loan originators to no longer have to care about borrowers qualifications or loan quality, being able to make no-documentation, liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A and immediately sell off as fast as they could be made ... into the bond market ... triple-A enables selling to investors that are restricted to only dealing in "safe investments" (like large pension funds) and also largely enabled being able to do over $27T 2001-2008.

from the law of unintended consequences, some of the largest fines have been for running the robo-signing mills ... fabricating the missing documents (no-document, liar loans) necessary for foreclosures.

note that one of the biggest Too Big To Fail involved in the economic mess, during the S&L crises was the largest player in the mortgage market doing variable rate mortgages (back when they held the mortgages rather than securitizing and selling them off in the bond market). Somebody does analysis of changes in the interest rate could take down the institution, the TBTF then unloads in mortgage portfolio, gets out of the business and requires at private bailout to stay in business. old long-winded post from Jan1999
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

The person behind that analysis was also behind papers this century about black-scholes ... one of the references:
http://www.bobsguide.com/guide/news/2007/Dec/20/kamakura-releases-study-how-conventional-cdo-analytics-missed-the-mark
"Two years ago the Wall Street Journal in a page 1 story pointed out the dangers in relying on the copula approach for CDO valuation, but investors were slow to realize the magnitude of their model risk,"
... snip ...

... however this is still about wrong model rather everything is fiddled for "garbage-in, garbage-out"

toxic CDO posts (and rating agencies selling "triple-A" when they knew they weren't worth "triple-A")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

under totally new management ... the TBTF that got out of the variable rate mortgage business ... was back into big time this century (and all institutional knowledge of the problems apparently had evaporated). As economic mess started to implode ... they were no longer immediately able to find buyers (even with "triple-A") and starting to pile up in the inventory. YE2008, the four largest TBTF were carrying $5.2T "off-book" (if they were forced to bring back on the books, it would have taken down the institutions) and the largest amount was held by the TBTF that previously needed private bailout to stay in business.

too big to fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

note when there was still fiction in Jan2009 that TARP funds would be used for buying these (off-book, triple-A rated) toxic assets. (but with only $700B appropriated, it hardly touch the problem, when just the four largest TBTF was still holding $5.2T)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troubled_Asset_Relief_Program

there was press about hiring companies to price the toxic assets ... one of the companies mentioned was one of the two (online virtual machine) 60s spin-offs of the science center (which had bought the pricing division from the credit ratings in the 70s) ... that moved up the value stream to providing services and online information to the financial industry, science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
online (virtual machine based) commercial service bureau posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

Then there were articles that it was almost impossible to correctly price these toxic CDOs ... but in actuality 1) no-documentation liar loans, didn't have the documents to evaluate, 2) early fall 2007, $60B had sold for 22cents on the dollar, 3) buying the $5.2T offbook toxic assets at 22cents on the dollar then would have resulted in the four largest TBTF declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated.

so TARP was used for other purposes and Federal Researve was handling the real bailout behind the scenes ... buying trillions in toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds ... past posts mentioning ZIRP funds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
posts mentioning federal reserve chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

note also: VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

This century, another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3390 teardown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3390 teardown
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 10:30:01 -0700
found on facebook, 3390 teardown
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBjoWMA5d84&feature=share

3390
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3390.html

3380->3390 3mbytes/sec to 4.2mbytes/sec higher bit density also smaller disk can spin faster, 3390mod1, 3.78gbytes to 11.35gbytes, mod2 double capacity

note: original 3380 had 20 track spacings between datatracks, then spacing was cut in half and doubled number of tracks, for "K" spacing was cut to 1/3rd original 3380 (and tripled number of tracks).
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3380c.html

trivia: father of 801/risc ropes me in helping him with idea for "wide-head" ... read/writes 16 (closely-spaced) tracks simultaneously. Every 17th track is servo track ... and wide-head follows servo-tracks on both sides of the 16 data tracks (18 tracks total). The problem is that it worked out to 16 times data transfer of normal 3380 (i.e. 48mbyte/sec) ... which IBM channels couldn't handle ... even the later ESCON only handled 17mbytes/sec.

1980, I was roped into do channel-extender support for STL. They were bursting at the seams on moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with dataprocessing support back into the STL datacenter. The group had tried "remote" 3270 terminal support but found the human factors totally unacceptable. Channel-extender support allowed placing channel attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg. with no apparent different in human factors (compared to inside STL). The hardware vendor then tried to IBM to approve releasing my support, but there was group in POK playing with some serial stuff, that got it vetoed (they were afraid that if my support was in the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff approved).

In 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were playing with, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980). The POK people finally get their stuff released in 1990 as ESCON when it is already obsolete. ESCON is 200mbits/sec half-duplex ... only around 17mbytes/sec effective. FCS is dual-simplex, concurrent 1gbit/sec in both directions, 2gbit/sec aggregate (around 200mbytes/sec aggregate).

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

Later some of POK channel engineers get involved in fibre channel standard and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically cuts the native throughput ... which is eventually released as FICON. Latest published stats is peak I/O throughput on z196 that gets 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre channel). At the same time a fibre channel was announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS ... two such fibre channel getting more throughput than 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre channel)

FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

past posts mentioning "wide-head"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#103 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#9 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#54 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#60 Optimizing the Hard Disk Directly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#71 Software as a Replacement of Hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#88 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#95 Hard Drives Started Out as Massive Machines That Were Rented by the Month
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#111 Didn't we have this some time ago on some SLED disks? Multi-actuator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#12 3390 teardown

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RCA and GE--why did they fail in computers?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: RCA and GE--why did they fail in computers?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 12:13:38 -0700
hancock4 writes:
In the 1950s and 1960s, computers were the hot growing thing, and a lot of companies got into them. Some were large, some were small.

Two big companies were GE and RCA. Both had extensive product lines that already served industry, so they should've known how to market and support complex technical products. GE, among other products, sold power plants. RCA sold television stations.

Anyone care to comment on what went wrong with them?


I've repeated periodically before ... one of the former co-workers said his father was (economics professor) involved in the gov. anti-trust case against IBM. He relates that executives from the other companies testified that by the late 50s, all the computer makers realized that product line compatibility was single most important factor (customer computer uptake was rapidly expanding and increasingly, customers needed to upgrade). They claimed that only IBM executives were able to force plant managers (of different models in product line) to conform to product line compatibility.

because customers were spending so much resources with upgrading computers to handle increasing wirkload ... IBM had significant marketing advantage with story about product line compatibility.

a few past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#60 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#8 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#45 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#14 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#50 System/360--detailed engineering description (AFIPS 1964)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

68k, where it went wrong

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 68k, where it went wrong.
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 14:09:20 -0700
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
Oh, not at all. The XT/370 and the later AT/370 gave you a very small single-user VM workstation. The reason it made sense had to do with mainframe software licensing, something about it not counting as terminal that needed a license or the like. Apparently it had a $/MIPS/terminal ratio similar to a 4341.

post from last year in this group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#7 SC/MP

4341 started with 1mips ... and increase some by the time xt/370. all i/o was done with interprocessor communication with cp/88 running on the intel processor. at/370 was the same chips for 370 ... it was only that the intel processor that was faster (and faster harddisk).

I got blamed delaying xt/370 announce by 6months ... i did a lot of benchmarks and showed cms had quite a bit bloat since the 60s and cp67/cms and was page trashing in the 384kbyte (370) memory (minus the memory needed cp kernel). they then retrofitted another 128kbytes on the boards, bringing it up to 512kbytes.

the microprogrammed M68K for 370 gave about 100kips 370 rate (about 1/10th 4341).

CMS was also much more filesystem intensive than normal ibm/pc applications ... making any filesystem activity on xt/370 quite slow on the 100ms/access xt/pc hard disks ... making lots of interactive stuff look quite a bit slower on xt/370. I did provide other performance enhancements to help ... but not enough to make it look like real vm370/cms human interactive environment.

things started looking quite a bit better with the A74 (7437 workstation) ... old email with announce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email880622
some earlier discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#email8507212

above post also discussion repackaging 4331 in desk-side two-drawer file cabinet. more A74
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#email850503

A74 with real 370 processor that did its own I/O. misc. stuff on A74 in this posts (including some old press releases)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#4 IBM Mainframe at home

A74 had its own 16mbytes memory, 350kips 370 processing, and much faster disk (so interactive response was much more like real mainframe)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance
Date: 21 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance; New report raises questions about multibillion-dollar program
https://www.rollcall.com/news/policy/f-35c-navy-stealth-range
And critics say the Navy fighter -- part of the Joint Strike Fighter initiative, the most expensive weapons program in history -- may actually have been out of date years ago.
...
Dan Grazier, of the Project on Government Oversight, said the House directive "highlights just how poorly conceived the Joint Strike Fighter program has been from the very beginning."
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

other recent F-35 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#11 This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#17 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#39 Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#95 The Return Of Haim Bodek - HFT's First Whistleblower
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#114 Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#117 F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#2 FY18 budget deal yields life-sustaining new wings for the A-10 Warthog
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#19 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#50 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#68 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#74 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#76 Why the F-35 Isn't Good Enough for Japan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#109 JSF/F-35

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down.
Date: 22 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/21/business/volcker-rule-fed-banks-regulation.html
The Volcker Rule, named for the former chairman of the Federal Reserve and signed into law, prohibited banks from making their own risky bets with their customers' deposits. Banks loathed the rule and Republicans vowed to undo it.

Now, a decade after the global financial meltdown, banks are on the brink of realizing their dream. The Fed and other federal banking regulators are poised to soften the Volcker Rule, making it easier for giant banks to engage in a wider range of trading that can be highly profitable, but also very risky.

... snip ...

... note from when Volcker rule was being added to "Dodd-Frank"; "Confidence Men" pg 430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.
... snip ...

Angelo, #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess/financial crises
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

and Dodd, "Friends of Angelo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_(FOA)_VIP_program

"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

recent posts mentioning "Dodd-Frank" &/or "Volcker Rule"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#13 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#48 Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#87 Dodd-Frank Was Designed to Fail - and Trump Will Make it Worse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#85 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#106 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#108 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#101 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#108 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#72 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#54 Testing Progressives, Centrist Dems Team Up with GOP to Deregulate Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#58 Wall Street Wants to Kill the Agency Protecting Americans From Financial Scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#64 Wages and Productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#60 Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#0 Congress Is About to Do a Big Favor for Private Equity Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise and Fall of IBM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Rise and Fall of IBM
Date: 22 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
"The Rise and Fall of IBM", by former Science & Tech director of IBM Europe
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm
and
https://www.ecole.org/en/65/CM200195-ENG.pdf

from above: reference to FS was suppose to be countermeasure to clone controllers:
The competitors had a considerable cost advantage since they could save on R&D, which had been largely carried out by IBM. Similarly, their marketing was made easier: all they had to do was wait for IBM to convince a customer and then go and offer him the same thing for 20-30% less.

IBM tried to react by launching a major project called the 'Future System' (FS) in the early 1970's. The idea was to get so far ahead that the competition would never be able to keep up, and to have such a high level of integration that it would be impossible for competitors to follow a compatible niche strategy. However, the project failed because the objectives were too ambitious.

... snip ...

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Note FS was quite complex, incorporating all sorts of blue sky ideas. FS was dividied into 12-13 sections. Les Comeau (formally of Science Center, recently passed) "owned" one of the sections and he had my wife handle many of the FS organization meetings. Her comment was that many of the other sections were almost all "blue sky" and didn't actually have any real "there, there". some extended description here:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

One of the final nails in the FS coffin was study by Houston Science Center that showed that 370/195 application (was Eastern's System/One, PARS/ACP airline res. system), running on an FS system built with the faster technology available, would have throughput of 370/145 (something like 10-30 times slowdown).

Note that in the 60s, Amdahl was running ACS-360 effort ... however executives were afraid it would advance the state of art too fast and IBM would loose control of the business ... ACS-360 is then shutdown, Amdahl leaves IBM and starts clone processor business, reference
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold ... also significantly tested IBM sales "FUD" (fear, uncertainty and doubt) marketing:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat
...
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.
... snip ...

Note that 370, straight-forward extension of 360 had been announced and shipping. On a discussion group, I was asked if I could find the justification for adding virtual memory to all 370. Polling some number of (former) IBMers, I got the following account ... reply (in a post) archived here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

Problem was that storage management in MVT was so bad, that region sizes had to be four times larger than typically used ... on typical 370/165 1mbyte machine could only get four regions. Going to OS/VS2, SVS (MVT layed out in 16mbyte virtual memory, almost identical to MVT running under CP/67 in 16mbyte virtual machine), could get four times as many regions defined with little or no actual paging. References was that resources were starting to be diverted to FS ... and how to come up with plan to insert OS/VS2 plan between MVT and FS.

clone controller trivia: as undergraduate I was involved in doing clone telecommunication controller ... somewhat kicked when I tried to get the 2702 to do something it couldn't quite do ... CP/67 had auto terminal type identification for 2741 & 1052 (switching terminal specific port scanner with SAD ccw). Univ, had some number of ASCII/TTY terminals and I extended CP/67 support, including extending dynamic identification to TTY terminals. I then wanted to support single "HUNT" group, single dialup number for all terminals (and single pool of numbers).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting

However, while 2702 supported switching terminal type port scanner, line speeds were hard-wired for each port and couldn't be dynamically switched. We then took built channel interface card for Interdata/3 programmed to emulated 2702, with the addition that it could also dynamically determine terminal line speed. Interdata started marketing this implementation ... and then it was upgraded with a Interdata/4 (for channel interface) and a cluster of Interdata/3s for the port interfaces. Four of us then get written up for (some part of) clone controller business. Perkin/Elmer then buys Interdata and the boxes marketed under the PE brand. Visting a datacenter around the turn of the century, I ran across one of the PE boxes handling majority of dial-up, point-of-sale card swipe boxes on the east coast.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

Folklore is that the enormous baroque complexity of SNA/VTAM, was to implement the FS objective to implement such a high level of intergration that clone controllers wouldn't be able have compatible strategy.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

8088 and 68k, where it went wrong

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 8088 and 68k, where it went wrong.
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 23 May 2018 08:34:07 -0700
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
Most of the things you point out was true. The why IBM PC development can for the most part be traced back to Phil Estridge. I was attending and presenting at a lot of computer shows/conferences of various sorts at the time. Phil Estridge spent a lot of time there, he was smart and observant. He brought a lot of people in to talk to and we went to see a lot of people. Phil spent a lot of time listening. His west coast trip to intel, Gary Kildall (CPM) , Bill Gates (MS) is quite well documented.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#19 68k, where it went wrong

other trivia: before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing cp/m, kildall worked on cp67/cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html

originally IBM/PC group said that they weren't interested in software and there was software group formed in silicon valley ... and every month or so would poll boca abut their still not interested in doing software. then at some point, they changed their mind and said that if the silicon valley people wanted to continue to do IBM/PC software, they had to move to boca. boca also started looking for outside companies to do software under contract ... one of the possible motivations was they didn't want internal political competition.

other trivia: my brother was regional apple marketing rep (largest physical region, conus) and figured out how to dial remotely into the company's IBM System/38 (that ran the company) to track manufacturing and delivery schedules.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

8088 and 68k, where it went wrong

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 8088 and 68k, where it went wrong.
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 23 May 2018 09:01:45 -0700
paul wallich <pw@panix.com> writes:
And something we mostly forget today is that by being IBM they gave tens of thousands of middle managers permission to buy personal computers for employees. IBM's dominance in IT was near-universal at the time.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#19 68k, where it went wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#23 8088 and 68k, where it went wrong.

Large corporations (including IBM) were ordering tens of thousands of (mainframe) 3270 terminals at a time ... it was trivial change to business case to make that IBM/PC with 3270 terminal emulation card ... for nearly the same price as 3270 ... and they got single desktop footprint for 3270 terminal with some local computing capability.

other trivia: major motivation for token-ring was the weight of the 3270 coax cables between the datacenter and every 3270 terminal ... the weight was starting to exceed bldg floor loading limits. could run cat5 from datacenter out to MAUs in wiring closets ... which ran more cat5 out to other wiring closets (hierarchy of MAUs) and eventually out to individual 3270 emulation PCs on desks.

RISC workstation division had done their own 16bit AT-bus 4mbit token-ring cards ... however, for RS/6000 microchannel, AWD was forced to only use PS2 cards (and blocked from doing their own cards) ... there was joked that this would limit RS/6000 to throughput no more than PS2. The PS2 16mbit token-ring cards had per card throughput design of 300+ stations doing terminal emulation sharing the same LAN ... and had lower per card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card (i.e. a PC/RT server with 4mbit token-ring card could have higher throughput than RS/6000 server with 16mbit token-ring card).

The new IBM Almaden research bldg was heavily wired with cat5 assuming token-ring ... however they found that the cat5 star-wired 10mbit ethernet ... (compared to 16mbit token-ring) had higher aggregate LAN segment throughput, had lower LAN latency and easily deployed ethernet routers to separate lan segments (rather than MAUs that treated all LAN segments as single lan) resulting in much higher aggregate bandwigth. 16mbit token-ring segment had lower aggregate lan throughput than 10mbit ethernet (running over same cat5) and 16mbit token-ring MAUs would have all LAN segments treated as single LAN ... while ethernet router (with TCP/IP) treated ten different LAN segments as separate LANs so aggregate was 100mbit.

note some of the MIT CTSS people went to the 5th flr to do MULTICS and other of the CTSS people went to the science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines (originally cp40/cms for modified 360/40 with virtual memory then morphs into cp67/cms when standard 360/67 with virtual memory became available), the internal network (technology also used later for the corporate sponsored university BITNET), invented GML in 1969 (later morphs into SGML and HTML) and bunch of other stuff. In the late 60s, there were couple spinoffs from the science center for virtual machine based online service bureaus. About then one of the 5th flr people joins one of the new virtual machine spinoffs out in waltham that specifialized in offering services to the financial industry. A decade later, he and another person form their own company to do Visicalc.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
Date: 23 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down

Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/22/business/congress-passes-dodd-frank-rollback-for-smaller-banks.html
Dodd-Frank: Congress just wound back Wall Street's clock and throttled
https://www.fastcompany.com/40576008/congress-just-wound-back-wall-streets-clock-and-throttled-innovation

1999 I was asked to help try and stop the coming economic mess (and we failed). Decade later, Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions with jailtime), with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).

Pecora Hearings &/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

last decade, another family member presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis, proportionally there should have been 70,000 criminal convictions (with jailtimes), so far nobody has even been charged.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

while #2 on times list of those responsible for economic mess, was behind repeal of Glass-Steagall ... he is on the list for blocking the regulation of over the counter derivatives, original described as gift to ENRON. The head of CFTC proposed regulation, the head of CFTC was then quickly replaced with #2's wife while he gets law passed preventing the regulation, she then leaves and joins the ENRON board and the audit committee (over the counter derivatives played role in the economic mess).
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

Glass-Steagall prevented combining safety & soundness of FDIC-insured highly regulated depository institutions with unregulated, highly risky investment banking activity. Repeal of Glass-Steagall allowed FDIC-insured institutions to get into highly risky investment banking activity and put the public on the hook for the losses (because of co-mingling of risky activity with publics' deposits). Repeal of Glass-Steagall didn't cause the economic mess, it just put the public on the hook for losses (Too Big To Fail was obfuscation the justification for bail-out).

Angelo, #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess/financial crises
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html
and Dodd, "Friends of Angelo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_(FOA)_VIP_program

Congress was being pushed into the corner (to seem) to do something about the economic mess. Rather than reinstitute Glass-Steagall, separating FDIC-insured institutions from investment banking risky activity, they attempt to put limits on the amount of risky activity that FDIC-insured institutions can do. However, there is enormous amount of things going on behind the scenes; wallstreet lobbiests were providing draft sections, then these draft sections were leaked and then the (same) lobbiests would ridicule the drafts as part of discrediting the process. They also carefully crafted hundreds of pages of enormously complex rules that would make it almost impossible for agencies to turn into regulations ... including that future administrations could repeal the laws before anything meaningful took effect (Dodd-Frank mostly facade to keep the public distracted)

More than you ever wanted to know. Oct2008 congress had hearings into role that the rating agencies played in the economic mess ... selling "triple-A" ratings on securitiezed mortgages when they knew they weren't worth triple-A. In 1999, I was to improve the integrity of the securitized mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure to some of the things they would be doing. However, triple-A rating allowed them to start doing no-documentation, liar loans; they could securitize, pay for triple-A and sell-off into the bond market as fast as they could be packaged (eliminating any need to worry about borrowers' qualifications or loan real quality), largely enabling being able to do over $27T 2001-2008 (including selling to operations restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments, like pension funds).

Originally paying for triple-A eliminated any need to care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality. However, they then start securitizing mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell them off, and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail. Then the largest holder of these CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in, has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs was firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

TARP was possibly also purely front (to benefit those making CDS gambling bets), originally justified with claim to buy Too Big To Fail off-book toxic assets ... however only few hundred billions were appropriated. YE2008 just the four largest TBTF were holding $5.2T in off-book toxic assets and the appropriated TARP funds would only have made small dent in the problem. TARP was used for other things and Federal Reserve did the actual bail-out behind the scenes (buying trillions of off-book toxic assets for 98cents on the dollar, when they had been going for 22cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds).

ZIRP funds posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

When I was member of X9 doing international financial standards ... the Federal Reserve members would repeatedly point out that they aren't a US GOV. institution, they are agency of the big banks (mostly too big to fail). The president does get to appoint the chair and vice chair, but president's selection only comes from the sitting governors ... which come from the big banks.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#52 How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#60 Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#104 Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#18 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#0 Congress Is About to Do a Big Favor for Private Equity Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk
Date: 23 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#25 Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback

House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk
https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/22/politics/house-banking-bill-vote-dodd-frank/index.html

Note Dodd was "friends of Angelo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_(FOA)_VIP_program
... who is #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

Public opinion was forcing congress to look like it was doing something, but huge sections of Dodd-Frank was done to be overly complex (to make it impossible for agencies to actually formulate regulations) and/or ridiculous things as part of discrediting the process (there was repeated cases of wallstreet lobbyists submitting draft sections to be added, the draft sections would then be leaked, and then the wallstreet lobbyiests would publicly ridicule the sections)

When I was member of X9 (us & international financial standards) ... members from the Federal Reserve would repeatedly point out they are not a US gov. agencies .... they are organization of the big banks. The president can appoint chair and vice-chair ... but (only) selection from the governors ... which come from the big banks.

fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

past trivia: VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

last decade, another family member presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis, proportionally there should have been 70,000 criminal convictions (with jailtimes), so far nobody has even been charged

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

disclaimer: 1999 I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess ... by improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure to some things that had been done during the S&L crisis (we failed).

then JAN2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into the '29 crash) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happen this time and what happened them (comment that new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash, all but 2 or 3 members of congress, regardless of party).

Pecora Hearings &/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Medici Effect

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Medici Effect
Date: 23 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Medici Effect, With a New Preface and Discussion Guide: What Elephants and Epidemics Can Teach Us About Innovation (Frans Johansson)
https://www.amazon.com/Medici-Effect-Preface-Discussion-Guide-ebook/dp/B01LBRS48K/

loc2474-78:
When Torvalds released versions of Linux in the early years it was unstable, did not work for most computers, and could even kill someone's hard drive. But no longer: Today many Fortune 500 companies use Linux because it is faster and cheaper than the alternatives. 6 When Torvalds released the first version of Linux back in 1991, it stirred quite a bit of excitement in the development community.

loc2491-94:
I finally realized how far Linux had come when I spotted an ad from Oracle, one of Microsoft's fiercest competitors, on the back of an issue of The Economist. "Unbreakable Linux," the ad said, followed by, "Everyone knows Linux costs less. Now it's faster and more reliable too." That's amazing, I thought. From hacker utopia to blue chip ... in less than a decade.
... snip ...

so missed a vital item (hot button of mine) Jan1979, I'm asked to do benchmark on engineering 4341 for LLNL that was looking at getting 70 for compute farm. There is something that is technology price/performance "knee of the curve" ... optimal price/performance ... push past the knee of the curve (for say "supercomputers"), the cost increases much faster than the performance. 4341 was the new knee of the curve ... instead of doing massive supercomputers for calculations, cluster large numbers of systems that were at the optimal knee of the curve.

old 4341 related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

The next issue is to come up with optimal coordination strategy for large numbers of systems that can all productively contribute to massive calculations (more efficiently and more cost effective than traditional supercomputer) ... digression, sort of "mission command" for large computer clusters, from OODA-loop perspective needed full source availability to adapt to totally different orientations.

Boyd and/or OODA-loops posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Roll forward a decade and as part of our High Availability product, I'm working on "cluster scaleup" (large number of workstations, new knee of the price/performance curve) with Oracle for commercial scalup (plus no single point of failure) and with national labs (including LLNL) for technical/scientific scaleup. Then possibly because the traditional commercial mainframe people are complaining that I will impact their business, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as new IBM supercomputer (for scientific and technical *ONLY*) and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors.

HA/CMP postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Early 90s, cluster scaleup is not only supercomputers but also emerging cloud computing ... clustering together increasing numbers of systems (at optimal price/performance knee of the curve), hundreds, thousands, tens of thousands and finally hundreds of thousands. This is new emerging computing paradigm with lots of innovation going on. However, a lot of innovation required full access to system software source .... and wasn't available from the proprietary systems ... but was freely available with LINUX.

Current comment is LINUX runs on 70% of all "real" computers (i.e. significant percentage combined together in the hundreds of thousands of systems that make up a cloud computer or supercomputer). Another area LINUX dominates is smart devices and embedded controllers ... typical car will have ten linux systems and typical home may have 30 linux systems) ... again because it was a different system paradigm and the developers needed full source access in order to modify/adapt the traditional system paradigm (when I was doing cluster scaleup, I was working for vendor and had full source access).

It has come to dominate these markets, not so much because it cost less but (originally) because the full source was needed/available for adapting to different programming and system paradigms. Since then, some of the proprietary systems have started to provide similar modifications ... once all the trailblazing was done with LINUX. More recently, the server chip vendors are saying they ship over half their product directly to large cloud megadatacenters, which assemble their own systems for 1/3rd the price of brand name systems.

recent cloud megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#104 AW: mainframe distribution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#46 Slashdot: Business under-investing in I.T
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#106 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#4 MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MMIX meltdown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: MMIX meltdown
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 24 May 2018 08:51:24 -0700
MitchAlsup <MitchAlsup@aol.com> writes:
My general guess is simple momentum. They had seen machines with privileged state in order to solve one problem like security, then just started to lob in more and more and more rather than making the problem go away.

original 360 had problem/privileged and storage key protect (default store protect, fetch protect was extra cost feature).

science center took 360/40 and added hardware for virtual memory support ... inverted tables, each real 4k page number carried four bit virtual address id and virtual 4k page number. When task dispatched, the vritual address id register would be loaded with the address space ID associated with the task. For more tasks, needed to disassociate one the virtual address space ids with task, reset all the associated real pages, and that associate that virtual address space id with the new task. 360/40 only had 64 real pages (256kbytes) ... minus 15-20 for cp40 kernel ... leaving around 45-50 for task paging. Most tasks were around 15-20 virtual pages .... so limited to 3-4 concurrent tasks w/o getting into page thrashing.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
CP/40 write up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

problem/privileged was used to provide virtual machine simulation ... since all supervisor state instructions interrupted into the virtual kernel ... where they were simulated (keeping each virtual machine isolated from other virtual machines).

cp/40 morphs into cp/67 when 360/67 becomes available with virtual memory standard. 360/67 had segment/page tables with control register loaded with address of the associated segment table for task. original release 1 cp/67 that I got at the university didn't have any page thrashing controls. release 2 had rudimentary concurrent task controls to limit page thrashing (developed by MIT lincoln labs) ... which was basically limited number concurrent tasks to 2 per 256kbytes of real memory (1mbyte 360/67 would limit concurrent multitasking to eight).

Page replacement was first search for any virtual page not belonging to active task ... and then effectively FIFO. I changed that to global LRU replacement and dynamic working set calculation per task that was then used to limit concurrent number of tasks (and page thrashing).

Official science center documentation makes mention of the official tss/360 operating system (for 360/67) betting a lot on virtual memory when nobody knew why Ferranti wasn't working well (best guess referring to page thrashing controls).

I did my work on CP67 and global LRU and page thrashing controls at the univ. in the 60s about the same time academic literature was about local LRU and page thrashing controls. Later, in the early 70s Genoble Science Center implemented the academic local LRU and page thrashing control for their CP67 running on 1mbyte 360/67 (155 pages available for paging). The Cambridge Science Center 768kbyte 360/67 (104 pages available for paging) with my global LRU and paging thrasing control ... and similar workload ... was supporting over twice as many users with better response and throughput (as Grenoble Science Center, with their implementation from academic literature).

page replacement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock
scheduling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

This shows up later in the early 80s when Jim Gray asks me to help one of his co-workers at Tandem get his Stanford Phd ... which involved global LRU page replacement ... and the forces behind local LRU academic work from the 60s where heavily lobbying Stanford not to award the Phd. I had apples-to-apples comparison from 70s between the Cambridge cp67 (with global LRU) and the Grenoble cp67 (with local LRU).

reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#46 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?

original 801/risc didn't have privileged state ... claim was that the pl.8 compiler would only generate correct code, and cp.r operating system would only load (correct) pl.8 programs. it was virtual memory model was inverted tables (each 4k real page had a virtual segment id and virtual 4k page number). 32bit virtual addresses, first four bits would select a "segment register" (which contained a 12bit virtual segment identifier) followed by 16bit virtual page number (256mbyte segments). With no problem/privileged state, claim was that application inline (library) code could change a segment register segment-id value ... as easily as address pointers in general registers could be changed.

801/risc ROMP chip (with cp.r and pl.8) was going to be used for displaywriter followon. when that was canceled, it was decided to retarget to the unix workstation model ... which required retrofitting problem/privileged state to ROMP for supporting unix/c-language paradigm.

trivia: since first four bits of 32bit virtual address was used to select segment register and then the effective (virtual) address became the 12bit segment id plus the 28bit address within segment ... they would refer the processor as a 40bit address machine (even after the switch to privilege/problem and no longer could inline change segment register values as easily as changing general register values). Later RIOS (for rs/6000) they doubled the segment IDs from 12bits to 24bits and would make references to it being 52bit address machine. This is unrelated to the later work to go from 32bit virtual addressing to 64bit virtual addressing.

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MMIX meltdown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: MMIX meltdown
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 24 May 2018 09:10:32 -0700
Robert Wessel <robertwessel2@yahoo.com> writes:
To pick an exceedingly small nit...

Page protection on S/360 was done on 2K pages, not 4K.

When introduced on S/370*, virtual memory pages were optionally 2K or 4K (some machines supported both sizes, some did not), but page protection remained on 2K pages. That produced the slightly odd result that reference and change recording, which was added to the page protection facility, had to be checked separately on *two* 2K "half" pages if you set up VM to use 4K pages. You could also have different protection on the two halves of a 4K VM pages.

Somewhere along the line the option to do page protection on 4K pages was introduced, and that was made the only option (along with 4K VM pages) with XA (31-bit) mode.

There was also a fifth bit associated with the storage key, which would allow read-only access even if the four bit key didn't match.

*Iignoring the S/360 implementations of virtual memory


another nit, standard 360 protection was store protect only, additional cost feature was fetch protect, with additional bit (for each 2k area) indicated whether fetch protect was also active (for that 2k area).

there was 4bit key number in the PSW and stores were allowed if the field in the PSW matched the key value for the 2k storage area ... and if fetch protect was available, would also check for fetch protect if the 5th bit was set. If the 4bit key number in the PSW was zero, then all stores (and fetches) were permitted.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360_architecture#Storage_protection

Supervisor typically ran at key zero, all stores (and fetches) allowed/permitted ... leaving 15 bit values for separating up to 15 different tasks.

original 370 virtual memory architecture had support for segment r/o protection. along the lines the 360/165 were complaining retrofitting full virtual memory architecture would slip the virtual memory announce by six months. Decision was made to drop segment r/o protect and some other features ... to keep announce from slipping. All software that was written to use all the features ... and other models that had already implemented full architecture ... had to be redone to just implement the 360/165 subset.

much later virtual page r/o protect was added to 370. The difference was that page r/o protect applied to every virtual address space referencing that page. The original 370 virtual memory architecture with segment r/o protect ... could have some virtual address spaces store protect and other virtual addresses spaces w/o store protect (for the same virtual segment).

This is something needed for the original sql/relational implementation (system/r) that was done on vm370 ... the system/r supervisor could have r/w access to virtual segments ... while applications were limited to r/o access to the same virtual segments.

system/r
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MMIX meltdown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: MMIX meltdown
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 24 May 2018 23:05:28 -0700
nmm@wheeler.UUCP (Nick Maclaren) writes:
If I recall, there were some issues with the memory management, which is why it was revised for the Titan. But they paled into insignificance compared with those on the much later IBM PC/RT.

supposedly much of CP/67 release 1 scheduling & paging was straight out of CTSS ... with the other part of CTSS group having gone to 5th flr to do multics and unix inherits some of that ... i've joked some amount of aix for pc/rt reminded me of cp/67 release 1. MIT Lincoln Labs rewrote it for CP/67 release 2, and then I rewrote that.

545tech sq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MMIX meltdown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: MMIX meltdown
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Fri, 25 May 2018 09:31:22 -0700
nmm@wheeler.UUCP (Nick Maclaren) writes:
If I recall, there were some issues with the memory management, which is why it was revised for the Titan. But they paled into insignificance compared with those on the much later IBM PC/RT.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#28 MMIX meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#29 MMIX meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#30 MMIX meltdown

other PC/RT trivia ... the when the decision to kill the displaywriter followon (801/risc ROMP chip, being done w/o needing problem/supervisor state, and in pl.8 on cp.r) and then retarget to unix workstation market, they hired the company that had done the AT&T unix port to IBM/PC for PC/IX, to do port to ROMP (which now required problem/supervisor) ... some of the IBMers then did some stuff in pl.8 to wrap around the edges of unix for PC/RT AIX (as IBM added value).

there was another group in palo alto that was working on port of BSD to ibm mainframe and hired Metaware (translafor writer system group in santa cruz) for mainframe C. They than got redirected to do BSD port to PC/RT instead (and Metaware to do a C ROMP backend). This was a straight BSD port and released as "AOS" mainly available for universities.

the people in palo alto, besides working with USC on BSD ... was also working with UCLA on Locus ... and produced ports for both mainframe and PS2 that came out as AIX/370 and AIX/386 (totally different from the Austin AIX AT&T unix port for 801/risc).

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Walt Doherty - RIP

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Walt Doherty - RIP
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 25 May 2018 15:40:43 -0700
gabe@GABEGOLD.COM (Gabe Goldberg) writes:

https://jlelliotton.blogspot.com/p/the-economic-value-of-rapid-response.html


Yorktown research also did study of what was minimum human response threshold perception (somewhat skewed population, members of YKT research) ... and it varied for different people between .1seconds and .2second (threashold where person couldn't distinguish that it was getting faster).

Thadani work then went back and looked at difference between "system response" and what the human saw. At there was difference between "system response" and 3270 response ... because minimum channel attached 3272/3277 added .089seconds ... so for human to see .25sec response ... the "system response" had to be .161secs (or better).

When the 3274/3278 came out ... a lot of electronics was moved out of 3278 terminal back to 3274 controller (to reduce manufacturing cost) ... but it required a huge amount of coax protocol chatter latency between the 3274 controller and 3278 terminal ... resulting in typical .3sec-.5sec hardware response (depending on data stream) ... with a .3sec minimum. To achieve .3sec person response then required a zero second system response and to achieve .25sec person response (i.e. response seen by person) required system response to be negative .05seconds (needed time machine).

there was complaints sent to the 3274/3278 product administrator ... and the eventual response was that 3274/3278 wasn't designed for interactive computing ... but instead for data entry (i.e. electronic keypunch).

old post with some of the 3270 & system response comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#19

and from IBM Jargon:
bad response - n. A delay in the response time to a trivial request of a computer that is longer than two tenths of one second. In the 1970s, IBM 3277 display terminals attached to quite small System/360 machines could service up to 19 interruptions every second from a user I measured it myself. Today, this kind of response time is considered impossible or unachievable, even though work by Doherty, Thadhani, and others has shown that human productivity and satisfaction are almost linearly inversely proportional to computer response time. It is hoped (but not expected) that the definition of Bad Response will drop below one tenth of a second by 1990.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online History
Date: 26 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Some of the MIT CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System

went to the 5th flr to do Multics ... other of the CTSS people went to the science center (formed Feb1964) on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s), invented GML 1969 (after decade, morphs into ISO standard SGML, after another decade the HTML morph), bunch of other online stuff. At the time of the great change over from arpanet to internetworking protocol on 1Jan1983, there were approx. 100 IMP nodes and 255 connected hosts, while the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes (which it passes a few months later) all over the world ... old post that includes list of world-wide corporate locations that added one or more network nodes in 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

archived scientific center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
archived internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

trivia: the person responsible for DNS ... translate network names to IP-addresses ... had worked at the science center a decade earlier while going to school at MIT.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domain_Name_System#History

Internal network technology was also used for the corporate sponsored BITNET that for a time was also larger than the arpanet/internet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

archived BITNET (& EARN) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

disclaimer, in the late 70s and early 80s, i was (also) blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network ... folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. Part of it was that general employees weren't allowed to publicly discuss/consider various subjects that were solely the domain of top executives.

archived online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Note: TYMSHARE started offering their CMS-based (virtual machine vm370/cms) online computer conferencing "free" to (ibm mainframe user group) SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)

as VMSHARE in AUG1976 ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

Early 80s, I had HSDT (T1 and higher speed links) project and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally a RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding and the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). Later as regional networks connect into the centers, it morphs into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to the modern internet.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

archived HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
archived NSF/NSFNET related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

One of the big differences between the internal network and the internet was that all links on the internal network had to be encrypted (mid-80s, one of the link encryption companies claimed that the internal network had more than half all the link encryptors in the world). For the general internal network ... with 9.6kbit to 56kbit links, it wasn't too bad (except for fights with some govs over encyption, especially when they crossed national boundaries) ... but I really hated what I had to pay for T1 (1.5mbits/sec) link encryptors and it was almost impossible to find faster encryptors.

I finally got involved in doing encryptors that would do multi-mbytes/sec and cost less than $100 to build. Initially the corporate crypto group said it significantly compromise crypto standard. It took 3months for me to figure out how to explain/convince that rather than weakening crypto, it significantly strengthening crypto. It was hollow victory since then I was then told I could build as many as I wanted but there was only one organization in the world that could use such crypto (and all boxes had to be sent to them). It was when I realized there was three kinds of crypto in the world 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind you can only do for them.
Preliminary Announcement: 3/28/86 _____________________

PROGRAM ANNOUNCEMENT

CONNECTIONS TO NSF'S NATIONAL SUPERCOMPUTER ACCESS NETWORK - (NSFnet)

NETWORKING PROGRAM

INTRODUCTION ____________

The National Science Foundation established the Office of Advanced Scientific Computing (OASC) in response to the concern that academic research has been severely constrained by the lack of access to advanced computing facilities. Several reports found that advanced computers have become an important resource in making new discoveries; that there is an immediate need to make supercomputers available to US researchers; and that computer networks are required to link researchers to supercomputers and to each other.

The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

The Centers Program has been providing advanced scientific computing cycles since 1984 through its six resources centers at Purdue University, University of Minnesota, Colorado State University, Boeing Computer Services, AT&T Bell Labs, and at Digital Productions. In addition, five new national supercomputer centers were funded in 1985. These new centers, at the University of Illinois, Cornell University, the San Diego Supercomputer Center located at the University of California San Diego campus, the John Von Neumann Center located near Princeton University, and the Pittsburgh Center, will begin full operation in the first half of 1986.

... snip ...

old post with full/rest of the announcement:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

trivia: NSF gave UC system $60M for supercomputer center at Berkeley ... however the master UC system bldg plan had UCSD getting the next new bldg ... so it became the San Diego Supercomputer Center (at UCSD) instead.

more trivia: much earlier, before I graduate, I was hired fulltime into small group attached to the Boeing CFO office to help form Boeing Computing Services (consolidate all dataprocessing in independent business unit to better monetize the investment, even offering services to non-Boeing entities). There was lots of politics with the head of Renton datacenter ... which I thought was possibly largest in the world ... $200M-$300M in IBM mainframes ... 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly being staged in the hallways around the machine room. At the time, 747#3 was flying the skies of Seattle getting FAA flt certification.

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Military Reformers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Military Reformers
Date: 26 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Boyd would tell story that they spent 18 months getting written signature signoffs for every item that appeared in the congressional hearings and the Time article. Then he said that when SECDEF couldn't get Spinney (or Boyd), he created new security classification ... "NOSPIN", unclassified but not to be provided to Spinney; gone (frequently) behind paywall but (mostly) lives free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

Note somewhat different from the way Boyd related it .... The Marine Corps Way of War: The Evolution of the U.S. Marine Corps from Attrition to Maneuver Warfare in the Post-Vietnam Era,
https://www.amazon.com/Marine-Corps-Way-War-Post-Vietnam-ebook/dp/B078H2DS4C/

loc322-26:
The current work focuses on the development of a Marine Corps Way of War (MCWW) both externally and internally from the post-Vietnam period to the present era in southwest Asia. It must be noted that both the U.S. Army as well as the Marine Corps were simultaneously exposed to the efforts of the "Congressional Reformers" from the mid-1970s through to the mid-1980s. 2 The Marine Corps was able to more fully embrace maneuver warfare and its doctrinal philosophy, strategy, and tactics.
... snip ....

The Mind of War: John Boyd and American Security,
https://www.amazon.com/Mind-War-John-American-Security-ebook/dp/B006Q2GIDO/

loc3831-34:
Regardless, the military reform movement was over. It had ended with the publication of a piece by Fred Reed in the Washington Post on 11 October 1987. Entitled simply "The Reformers," the essay was a scurrilous attack consisting mainly of name-calling. It belittled the purpose, people, and policy of the reformers. The great majority of what was written was simply wrong and filled with innuendo, yet it elicited no response from the Military Reform Caucus.

loc3865-68:
That Reed was not publicly humiliated instantly for such obviously shoddy work was inexcusable. That so few took umbrage to the character assassination leveled at any who considered themselves reformers was worse yet. After Reed's vitriol reached a crescendo of righteous indignation that would rival a TV evangelist, he declared, "The Reformers are zealots of the classic variety, with the usual self-righteousness and the usual hermetically sealed minds...."

loc3874-78:
The straw that broke the camel's back for Boyd was an encounter with Charlie Bennett (Democrat, Florida) and Tom Ridge (Republican, Pennsylvania), who were then cochairs of the Military Reform Caucus. Boyd was personally and professionally disgusted with both men. Here were two influential members of Congress, both combat veterans themselves, who had supposedly committed themselves to the reform movement (indeed, they were its political leaders), and they were deserting their own troops when they were under fire.
... snip ...

archived Boyd posts &/or URL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Two House Democrats Defended Helping the GOP Weaken Dodd-Frank Financial Regulations

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Two House Democrats Defended Helping the GOP Weaken Dodd-Frank Financial Regulations
Date: 26 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
How Two House Democrats Defended Helping the GOP Weaken Dodd-Frank Financial Regulations
https://theintercept.com/2018/05/26/dodd-frank-repeal-senate-democrats/

recent posts referencing Dodd-Frank:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#60 Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#0 Congress Is About to Do a Big Favor for Private Equity Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#25 Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#26 House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Depression Playbook

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Depression Playbook
Date: 28 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Depression Playbook
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-05-28/depression-playbook

Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions with jailtime), with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).

Where is Our Ferdinand Pecora?
https://archive.org/post/402417/more-numbers-how-about-time-magazine-june-1933

At wayback machine, scanned Fall 2008 at Boston Public Library
http://archive.org/search.php?query=stock%20exchange%20practices%20AND%20collection%3Aamericana

Pecora and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
Date: 28 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
https://warontherocks.com/2018/05/imagining-a-cyber-surprise-how-might-china-use-stolen-opm-records-to-target-trust/
"What is the quickest way you can destroy an organization?... Mistrust and discord." -Col. John Boyd

My imagined Chinese cyber attack used the sensitive and detailed OPM records not to disrupt or degrade American military or intelligence systems, but rather to spread fear, mistrust, and discord among the men and women in uniform who operate those systems. During such a strike, hackers would lock out medical records, wipe away financial information, manipulate social media, and spread lies and half-truths about personal misconduct.

But as Boyd said, the overall goal is destroying the cohesion of the organization.

... snip ...

posts & URL mentioning Boyd (&/or OODA-loops)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Catching Up on the OPM Breach
http://krebsonsecurity.com/2015/06/catching-up-on-the-opm-breach/

After the turn of the century, really big uptic in outsourcing to beltway bandits and gov. contractors ... especially those bought up by private-equity companies (including beltway bandit that will employ Snowden).

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people (including private-equity owned company that employed Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
also heavily contributing to the rapidly spreading for-profit success of failure culture (make more money off series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

Around the turn of the century we were brought in to help word smith some cal. legislation. At the time they were working on electronic signature, data breach notification, and opt-in privacy sharing. Several of the participants were heavily into privacy issues and had done indepth, detailed public surveys. The #1 problem was identity theft involving fraudulent financial transactions, frequently involving information obtain from breaches. At the time there was little or nothing being done and it was hoped that the publicity from notifications might prompt corrective action. The issue is that entities will take security measures in self-protection ... however in these breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public.

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

and in the case of some other kinds of breaches, the country is at risk

NSA Details Chinese Cyber Theft of F-35, Military Secrets
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/nsa-details-chinese-cyber-theft-of-f-35-military-secrets/
they've been dancing through our classified networks for over decade FBI: Chinese hacker accessed gold mine of data on F-22, -35 and 32 U.S. military projects
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/jul/16/fbi-chinese-hacker-accessed-gold-mine-data-f-22-f-/
Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/

military industrial complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hell is ... ?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Hell is ... ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 29 May 2018 09:05:41 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#11 Hell is ... ?

more from "still at it"

The financial scandal no one is talking about
https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/may/29/the-financial-scandal-no-one-is-talking-about-big-four-accountancy-firms?

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM downturn

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM downturn
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 29 May 2018 09:05:41 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#22 The Rise and Fall of IBM

Early 80s, articles were starting to appear about MBAs were destroying US corporate culture with their myopic focus on short term results and financial engineering. Development supposed is 1-3yrs, advanced development is 3-6yrs and research is 7+yrs. In the 80s,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot
Mandelbrot left IBM in 1987, after 35 years and 12 days, when IBM decided to end pure research in his division.[25] He joined the Department of Mathematics at Yale, and obtained his first tenured post in 1999, at the age of 75.[26] At the time of his retirement in 2005, he was Sterling Professor of Mathematical Sciences
... snip ... other articles put it little more strongly, "left in protest"

About that time, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at the communication group, world-wide, internal conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The communication group was fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server and the disk division was seeing data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. They had come up with a number of solutions that would address the problem, which were constantly being vetoed by the communication group (the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with their corporate strategic ownership of everything that cross the datacenter walls). The communication group datacenter stanglehold not only affected disk sales and a few years later, the corporation goes into the red. The corporation is then being reorganized into the 13 baby blues in preparation for breaking up the company ... Dec1992 article, gone behind paywall, but (mostly) lives free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

We had left IBM, but got a call from the bowels of Armonk about helping with the breakup. Business units were using MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other divisions and after the breakup they would being in different corporations. These MOUs would have to be inventoried and turned into their own contracts. Before we get started, a new CEO is brought in which reverses the breakup ... although too late for the disk division.

AMEX was in competition with KKR for private-equity LBO take-over of RJR. KKR wins, but runs into problems and hires away AMEX president to turn it around
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

Former AMEX president is brought in as new CEO and uses some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
then former AMEX president leaves to become head of another major private-equity company
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

AMEX president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

The disk division had been possibly furthest along (in reorg) as ADSTAR:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ADSTAR
The Adstar division was dismembered thereafter; the ADSTAR Distributed Storage Manager (ADSM) was renamed Tivoli Storage Manager in 1999 and the disk drive business component was sold off in 2003
... snip ...

ADSM/TSM trivia: In the late 70s, I did CMSBACK for internal datacenters ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cmsback

one of my bigger customers was the worldwide sales&marketing support HONE system (which was also one of my longtime customers for my enhanced operating systems). CMSBACK goes through a number of internal releases and then has support for distributed clients added and is released as workstation data save facility (WDSF)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager#History

past cmsback, backup, archive posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

This century, Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America", IBM just one of many examples, pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

other ADSTAR trivia: ADSTAR VP for software and other stuff ... as partial work around to the communication group stranglehold, was doing venture capital investment into distributed computing startups that involved IBM mainframes and/or IBM disks. He would bring us in and ask us to provide support to these startups.

Congress had loosened anti-trust rules to encourage national labs. to spin-off technology (to help with national competitiveness). There were 3-4 of these spin-offs startups from national labs involving filesystem technology.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online History
Date: 29 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History

HONE: The IBM marketing support system, IBM Systems Journal V24, N3/4, pg189 (1985) (however, muost of the web pages & files seemed to have disappeared)
https://domino.research.ibm.com/tchjr/journalindex.nsf/2733206779564b3d85256bd500483abf/d0475b02f6c76c2385256bfa00685ba5!OpenDocument
The storage, retrieval, and dissemination of data pertaining to a large, complex product line is made possible by the Hands-On Network Environment (HONE) discussed in this paper. HONE provides on-line interactive support to marketing, systems, and administrative personnel, and, most recently, to customers. The evolution of HONE is presented. Discussed in detail are new HONE distributed processing capabilities now enabled under an advanced network architecture. In that environment, the processing power and data bases of HONE and other host systems will be interconnected and support the speed and processing autonomy of IBM Personal Computers as workstations.
... snip ...

After 23June1969 "Unbundling" announcement ... and IBM starting to charge software, SE time, etc ... there was problem with SE training that had been as part of large team at customer datacenter. They eventually came up with branch online access to HONE systems practicing on operating systems running in virtual machines (original 360/67s running CP67 from the Cambridge Science Center). The science center had also ported APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL and HONE start offering APL-based sales&marketing support applications. Eventually the sales&marketing applications comes to dominate all HONE activity and SE virtual machine guest operating system practicing evaporates. After joining the science center, one of my hobbies was providing enhanced operating systems to internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer ... including going along for some of the early HONE clones around the world; when EMEA hdqtrs moved from US to Paris I was asked to go along for a HONE clone in datacenter in La Defense.

scientifc center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
some old HONE email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise and Fall of IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Rise and Fall of IBM
Date: 29 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#22 The Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn

With respect to ADSTAR VP dealing with startups involved in distributed implementations involving IBM mainframes and/or disks (as countermeasure to stranglehold that communication group had on mainframe datacenters).

LANL had IBM mainframe managing large amounts of data for supercomputers. It was spun off as "DataTree" ... handled by General Atomics. (other trivia, which was also contracted to manage UCSD supercomputer center ... reference in "Online History" thread (General Atomics also sponsored some of the supercomputer filesystem meetings at UCSD center):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#40 Online History

LLNL had developed filesystem on Cray, spun off as Unitree. In our RS/6000 HA/CMP, we paid to have it ported to HA/CMP ... and also involved in cluster scaleup ... not just supercomputer technical/scientific, but also filesystem work with LLNL.

IEEE DataTree and UnitTree reference:
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/113582/
The capabilities and advantages of DataTree and UniTree (hierarchical file- and storage-management systems for networked, multivendor computing environments) are discussed. DataTree is an advanced centralized MVS-based system; UniTree is a Unix-based file-server product. DataTree is the commercial version of the common file system (CFS) developed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The DataTree server platform is built upon the MVS operating system and serves client computers running on a wide variety of operating systems. UniTree is the commercial version of the file server developed and currently in production at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Unitree's compatibility with DataTree will enable it to provide a long-term migration option for DataTree/CFS users. The UniTree system includes utility programs for the conversion of DataTree directories to UniTree format. UniTree will process DataTree tapes directly, i.e. without having to rewrite them.
... snip ...

NCAR (boulder) had 4381 that managed hierarchical filesystem with tapes & disks (sort of like SMS) for multiple clustered supercomputers using NSC HYPERChannel ... doing 3rd party data transfers (channel programs were loaded into A515 mainframe channel emulator and the "handle" passed to the client supercomputer for execution). This was spun off as "Mesa Archival" with the (mainframe) controller software being ported to RS/6000. For IPI3, HiPPI and Fibre Channel standards' work, the standards included support for 3rd party data transfers (migration from HYPERChannel) ... one of the first SANs. triva: I was first contacted by IBM branch office for NCAR in 1985 as the IBM expert on HYPERChannel.

NASA/Ames also had filesystem implemented on Amdahl mainframe using HYPERChannel ... variation on NCAR system.

This is extended discussion of IEEE reference model and discussion of various filesystems (including references to ADSTAR ADSM)
https://cds.cern.ch/record/281298/files/p44.pdf

HA/CMP (& cluster scaleup) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
HSDT (& NSC HYPERChannel) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
past cmsback, backup, archive posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today.
Date: 30 May 2018
Blog: Facebook
Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today.
http://www.cpushack.com/2018/05/27/mainframes-and-supercomputers-from-the-beginning-till-today/

End of ACS-360 ... shutdown because executives were afraid that it would advance the state of the art too fast and they would loose control of the market.
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Jan1979, I was asked to do RAIN/RAIN4 benchmarks on engineering 4341 for LLNL that was looking at getting 70 for compute farm (sort of leading edge of coming cluster supercomputer tsunami) ... old rain/rain4 email refs in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#21

Decade later was working on cluster scaleup for our HA/CMP product, commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors and technical/scientific with national labs. Reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison conference room http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks of the Ellison meeting, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for scientific/technical only) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. 17Feb1992 press, supercomputer cluster scaleup for "scientific and technical *only*"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992 press, national lab interest was "surprise"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

mainframe this century:
z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000 z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003 z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005 z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008 z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010 EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012 z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015 z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017

additional old 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341
some old cluster scaleup email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How IBM Was Left Behind

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How IBM Was Left Behind
Date: 01 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
How IBM Was Left Behind

AMEX was in competition with KKR for private-equity LBO take-over of RJR. KKR wins, but runs into problems and hires away AMEX president to turn it around
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Former AMEX president is brought in as new CEO and uses some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
then former AMEX president leaves to become head of another major private-equity company
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster.
... snip ...

Company will acquire beltway bandit that will employ Snowden .... companies in the private equity mill are under enormous pressure to cut corners and provide money for their owners. Also while beltway bandits and gov. contractors have restrictions on lobbying congress, private equity owners appear to have no such restrictions ... leading to enormous increase in gov. outsourcing last decade. for intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people (including private-equity owned company that employed Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
also heavily contributing to the rapidly spreading for-profit success of failure culture (make more money off series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

most recent problem

Defense contractor stored intelligence data in Amazon cloud unprotected; Booz Allen Hamilton engineer posted geospatial intelligence to Amazon S3 bucket.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2017/05/defense-contractor-stored-intelligence-data-in-amazon-cloud-unprotected/
Booz Allen, NGA probe intel leak
https://fcw.com/articles/2017/05/31/nga-bah-leak-carberry.aspx

In 1992, IBM has gone into the red (in part because of the stanglehold that the communication group had on mainframe datacenters) and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company.
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

End of 1992, we had left the company but get a call from the bowels of Armonk about helping with the breakup (business units used MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other divisions, with breakup they would be in different companies and the MOUs would have to be turned into contracts; then new CEO mostly reverses the breakup before we get started). We were also seeing email from employees complaining that top executives were spending all their time shifting expenses from the following year into 1992 (instead of running the business). We ask our contact in Armonk. He explains 1992 gone into the red and executives wouldn't get bonus, however shifting expenses from the following year into 1992, will show the following year slightly in the black and the way the executive bonus plan was written they would have bonuses more than twice as large as any previous bonus (effectively getting paid to take the company into the red).

Coincidentally, in 1992, AMEX spins off its financial outsourcing business in the largest IPO (up until that time) ... also one of IBM's largest mainframe customers. Around the turn of the century, I was brought into one of its datacenters that had >40 max configured mainframes (@$30M), constantly doing rolling upgrades, none older than 18months. I was to improve performance of 450K statement cobol applications that did account settlement in the overnight batch window (number of systems needed to complete settlement overnight) ... was able to use some techniques from the science center in the 70s to get 14% improvement (represented a couple hundred million in IBM mainframes). From truth is stranger than fiction, in 2005, KKR did largest private-equity LBO (up until that time) take-over of the company.

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
Date: 05 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
https://taskandpurpose.com/mission-command-is-swarm-intelligence/
Future Army Leaders: Expert Specialists or Master Generalists?
https://fromthegreennotebook.com/2018/06/05/future-army-leaders-expert-specialists-or-master-generalists/

above posts today in other fora, both of these touch on have to (effectively) multiply intelligence, observation, orientation, and decision

1) In briefings Boyd would talk about constantly view from every possible facet ... in part as a countermeasure to orientation bias ... and only seeing what you expect to see. Since then there is also some work on organizational diversity as countermeasure to organization orientation bias.

2) Boyd would tell stories about reviewing large scale war games. He would characterize it as generals&admirals played golf all year while their staffs practiced, then for the actual war games, the generals/admirals had no "finger feel" for the flow of information in the war rooms. Afterwards there would be characterization about "information overload" ... and how to optimize information to what is actually needed. However, besides no "finger feel" and corollary to "information overload", there can also be "decision overload".

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

pieces from other recent posts

Regarding Boyd's Patterns of Conflict, doctrine, dogma, and Muth's "school solutions", just ran across this Moltke on the Art of War: Selected Writings, pg9/loc211-15:
First and foremost, like Clausewitz, Moltke had no faith in systems of any kind. His system consisted of a pattern of thought rather than a series of procedures to be followed or successive tactical acts to be performed under all circumstances. Moltke placed his faith in the ability of Prussian officers to use their education and judgment to adjust to concrete situations as they came up. His famous statement that strategy was a system of expedients typified his belief that no simple rules or formulas existed for determining military plans.

and pg224/loc4264-66:
8Moltke's term for teachings is the often-used term Lehren, frequently translated as doctrine, most prominently, perhaps, in the translation of Clausewitz's On War. Lehre, however, does not mean doctrine in most German texts. The German word for doctrine, Doktrin, contains implications of dogma and rigidity, whereas Lehre is less formal and controlling.
... snip ...

Regarding "On War", loc2413:
46. SCIENCE MUST BECOME ART

loc2434-36:
CHAPTER III ART OR SCIENCE OF WAR
... snip ...

Clauswitz has coup d'oeil which can be interpreted as intuition, Germans (and Boyd) have fingerspitzenfuhl, from "Misson Command", loc3882-83:
"or the feeling in the tip of one's fingers (Napoleon called it a "gut" feeling), cops call this ability our sixth sense." but can also be intuition. Another possible way of considering the subject is that there aren't the words (to make it a science)
... snip ...

How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers
To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver

... snip ...

posts referencing "mission command":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#24 Tandem Memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#48 The Pentagon Is Playing Games With Its $570-Billion Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#52 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#61 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#21 IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#81 Asynchronous Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#18 Bullying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#47 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#54 Boyd's OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#59 Deconstructing the "Warrior Caste:" The Beliefs and Backgrounds of Senior Military Elites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#93 The U.S. Military Believes People Have a Sixth Sense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#2 Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#5 Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#32 progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#27 The Medici Effect

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks
Date: 06 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks
https://paleofuture.gizmodo.com/this-1966-article-about-computer-danger-predicted-a-ble-1826571043

Before the turn of the century we were brought in to help word some cal. legislation. At the time they were working on electronic signature, data breach notification, and opt-in privacy sharing. Several of the participants were heavily into privacy issues and had done indepth, detailed public surveys. The #1 problem was identity theft involving fraudulent financial transactions, frequently involving information obtained from breaches. At the time there was little or nothing being done and it was hoped that the publicity from notifications might prompt corrective action. The issue is that entities will take security measures in self-protection ... however in these breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public.

electronic signature related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

I was co-author for X9 financial transaction standard for ALL retail payments ... which slightly tweaked the current infrastructure and eliminated ability to use information from data breaches for fraudulent financial transaction (which would have drastically reduced the amount that financial institutions set interchange fee charged merchants). It didn't eliminate breaches, it just eliminated the risk of financial fraud that resulted from breaches. Part of the issue is that there are millions of these (merchant and transaction processing) financial transaction repositories all over the world (required in dozen of business processes). Rather than trying to secure them all, just eliminated the risk of (and motivation for) breaches. The other issue (security proportional to risk) is that profit for merchant from every transaction (in their repositories) can be a dollar or two. The (current) motivation behind the breaches is it puts at risk the account balance or credit limit ... hundreds to thousands of dollars. As a result, crooks can afford to spend hundred times more attacking the systems (than merchants can afford spend defending).

security proportional to risk posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk
data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

Opt-in Privacy required institutions and other entities to have authorization record from you permitting sharing your personal information. Before opt-in passes, "opt-out" was added to GLBA (preempting cal. legislation, now better known for repeal of Glass-Steagall) which allowed institutions to share your personal information unless they had record of you objecting to the sharing. Last decade at annual national privacy conference in DC, there was a panel discussion with the FCC commissioners. Somebody in the audience asked if FCC was going to do anything about "opt-out". He said that he worked at company providing call center technology to most of the national financial institution ... and he said that none of them provided 1-800 call-in facilities any mechanism to make record of "opt-out" requests (i.e. there would never be a record of people objecting to personal information sharing).

I then was co-author of X9 financial industry privacy standard ... in the intro I added the part about institutions have little motivation to protect personal information

The last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP ... past psots
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

... including working with RDBMS vendors on commercial cluster scaleup and with national labs on scientific/technical cluster scaleup. Old post about Jan1992 commercial scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference room.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks after the above meeting, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we can't work on anything with more than four processors. A few months later we leave IBM.

Later, two of the Oracle people (mentioned in the Jan1992 meeting post) have left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server". We are brought in as consultants because they wanted to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented some technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use; the result is frequently called "electronic commerce". I had absolute authority over the server to payment networks gateway ... but could only make recommendations on the client/server side ... some of which were almost immediately violated (that continue to account for some number of exploits to this day). That experience in part motivated the later work on financial standard that eliminated the risk associated with exposing financial transaction details (as opposed to applying more and more layers of security trying to prevent their exposure).

some "SSL" related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcerts

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
Date: 06 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#44 Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence

Against the Tide: Rickover's Leadership Principles and the Rise of the Nuclear Navy, pg11/loc284-87:
Many maintain that a real leader can do it all—can manage anything. They are positive they can. Rickover knew this was incorrect. A real leader needs not only personality but also domain knowledge. Domains are often different. For example, someone who has never flown an airplane should not make rules for pilots. While Rickover became uniquely qualified to build the world's best submarines, he had never commanded one.
... snip ...

We saw this in the 80s&90s with the rise of MBAs and financial engineering at the head of hitech corporations

recent posts mentioning MBAs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#19 In Praise of Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#63 Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#74 Should Smart Contracts Be Legally-Enforceable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#4 Cutting 'Old Heads' at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#13 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Jun 2018 07:54:55 -0700
This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks
https://paleofuture.gizmodo.com/this-1966-article-about-computer-danger-predicted-a-ble-1826571043
A short editorial in the September 19, 1966 issue of the Sandusky Register newspaper in Sandusky, Ohio predicted that life was about to get worse as information, especially financial information, became more centralized.

The editorial noted that although the "computer age" was "in its infancy," the computerization of financial information would lead to more robbery, more embezzlement, and a complete "assault on personal privacy." And we can't say they were wrong.

... snip ...

there are references to several other time-travel articles further down the page.

Before the turn of the century we were brought in to help wordsmith some cal. legislation. At the time they were working on electronic signature, data breach notification, and opt-in privacy sharing. Several of the participants were heavily into privacy issues and had done indepth, detailed public surveys. The #1 problem was identity theft involving fraudulent financial transactions, frequently involving information obtained from breaches. At the time there was little or nothing being done and it was hoped that the publicity from notifications might prompt corrective action. The issue is that entities will take security measures in self-protection ... however in these breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public.

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

I was co-author for X9 financial transaction standard for ALL retail payments ... which slightly tweaked the current infrastructure and eliminated ability to use information from data breaches for fraudulent financial transaction (which would have drastically reduced the amount that financial institutions set interchange fee charged merchants). It didn't eliminate breaches, it just eliminated the risk of financial fraud that resulted from breaches. Part of the issue is that there are millions of these (merchant and transaction processing) financial transaction repositories all over the world (required in dozen of business processes). Rather than trying to secure them all, just eliminated the risk of (and motivation for) breaches. The other issue (security proportional to risk) is that profit for merchant from every transaction (in their repositories) can be a dollar or two. The (current) motivation behind the breaches is it puts at risk the account balance or credit limit ... hundreds to thousands of dollars. As a result, crooks can afford to spend hundred times more attacking the systems (than merchants can afford to spend defending).

security proportional to risk posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

Opt-in Privacy required institutions and other entities to have authorization record from you permitting sharing your personal information. Before opt-in passes, "opt-out" was added to GLBA (preempting cal. legislation, now better known for repeal of Glass-Steagall) which allowed institutions to share your personal information unless they had record of you objecting to the sharing. Last decade at annual national privacy conference in DC, there was a panel discussion with the FCC commissioners. Somebody in the audience asked if FCC was going to do anything about "opt-out". He said that he worked at company providing call center technology to most of the national financial institution ... and he said that none of them provided 1-800 call-in facilities any mechanism to make record of "opt-out" requests (i.e. there would never be a record of people objecting to personal information sharing).

I then was co-author of X9 financial industry privacy standard ... in the intro I added the part about institutions have little motivation to protect personal information.

The last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
... including working with RDBMS vendors on commercial cluster scaleup and with national labs on scientific/technical cluster scaleup. Old post about Jan1992 commercial scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference room.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
within a few weeks after the above meeting, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we can't work on anything with more than four processors. A few months later we leave IBM.

Later, two of the Oracle people (mentioned in the Jan1992 meeting post) have left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server". We are brought in as consultants because they wanted to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented some technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use; the result is frequently called "electronic commerce". I had absolute authority over the server to payment networks gateway ... but could only make recommendations on the client/server side ... some of which were almost immediately violated (that continue to account for some number of exploits to this day). That experience in part motivated the later work on financial standard that eliminated the risk associated with exposing financial transaction details (as opposed to applying more and more layers of security trying to prevent their exposure).

some SSL related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcerts

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IPCS, DUMPRX, 3092, EREP

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IPCS, DUMPRX, 3092, EREP
Date: 07 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
trivia: I had wanted to show that REXX (before customer release, originally just REX) wasn't just another pretty scripting language ... I decided on demo'ing that I could redo IPCS (very large assembler application) in less than 3months elapsed time working half time with ten times the function and running ten times faster (some slight of hand for REXX to run faster than assembler). I finished early so started doing library of automated scripts that searched/analyzed for lots of different kind of failure signatures. I had expected that it would be released to customers ... but for some reason it wasn't, even tho it became standard for internal datacenters and customer support PSRs. Some old email from the 3092 (3090 service processor) group wanting to include it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

Eventually I got approval for making presentations at SHARE and other customer user group meetings on how I implemented it .. and within a few months similar implementations started to appear. As an aside the implementation included functions like formatting storage segments using maclib DSECTs and decompiling instruction sequences ... and this was in the "OCO-wars" (object code only) ... transition to no longer shipping source code. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

other trivia: charging for software ... POK had hard time making transition. Rules required charges covered development and ongoing support and JES2 networking couldn't justify business case. Eventually they come up with deal to announce JES2 NJI as joint product with VNET .... where the VNET revenue covered the NJI costs. Later they relaxed the rules so that products just had to be in the same organization ... they moved VM performance products into the same group with ISPF ... reduced the VM performance products to three people so that nearly all of the VM revenue could cover the cost of the 200 people in the ISPF group.

some hasp/jes related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

even more trivia: in the wake of the failure of Future System, and the mad rush to get 370 stuff back into the product pipeline, POK managed to convince corporate to kill vm370, shutdown the (burlington mall, mass) development group, and move all the people to POK (or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time nearly decade later). Eventually Endicott managed to save the vm370 product mission, but had to reconstitute from scratch. On vmshare, during this period there were lots of comments about code quality.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

They were planning on not telling the VM370 group about shutdown/move until the last minute, to minimize the number of people that might escape. However, the information manage to leak early and there was a number that manage to escape (there is joke that head of POK was one of the biggest contributors to DEC VMS which was in its development infancy). There was also a witch hunt for the leaker ... fortunately for me, nobody gave up the leaker.

IBM FE had bootstrap diagnostic procedure ... starting with scoping for failed components. It was no longer possible to scope (3081) TCM ... so the introduction of service processor that could be scoped ... and then use the service processor to analyze probes built into the TCMs.

3081 service processor was stand-alone, roll-your-own system built from scratch. For 3090, they first decided on using 4331 as 3092 service processor ... running customized version of VM370 and all screens done in CMS IOS3270. Before FCS ... they switched to a pair of (redundant) 4361s. 3090 required two 3370 disks for 3092 service processor VM370 systems ... even for purely MVS installations (MVS never having FBA support, only operated with CKD ... even to this day, real CKD haven't been built for decades, simulated on industry standard fixed-block disks).

Mainframe industry had service that collected EREP data from customer mainframes and published reports/statistics on different mainframes (in the days when there was clone competition).

3090 mainframe channels had been designed to have a aggregate of 3-5 channel checks across all customer 3090s for first year of operation ... but the industry service had reported something like aggregate of 20. The 3090 product manager tracked me down and blamed it on me.

In 1980, I got con'ed into doing channel-extender support for the STL lab. Then the hardware vendor then tried to get IBM to release my support ... but there was group in POK playing with some serial stuff and they were afraid that if it was in the field, it would make it harder to get their stuff released ... so they got it vetoed (thier stuff was finally released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it was already obsolete ... aka in 1988 I got asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were playing with, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard, including some stuff I had done in 1980 ... 5-10 times throughput of ESCON).

It turns out the vendor re-implemented my design from scratch ... which included simulating channel check for certain kinds of errors on the channel-extender ... which would then invoke specific operating system diagnostic retry and recovery (customers running the channel-extender support accounted for the additional channel checks). The 3090 product manager wanted me to get the vendor to change their implementation (based on my original). Little research turns out simulating IFCC (rather than CC) would invoke identical diagnostic retry and recovery ... and I got the vendor to change to IFCC (fixing the 3090 channel error statistics "problem").

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON (& fibre-channel standard) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

some past posts mentioning "channel check"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#24 CP spooling & programming technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#27 Mainframes & Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#21 Computer of the century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#22 Computer of the century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#22 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#19 Wars against bad things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#51 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#28 Adversarial Testing, was Re: Thou shalt have no
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#13 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#22 Channel Distances
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#21 IBM 3090/VM Humor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#34 TOD clock discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#35 The very first text editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#43 Remote Tape drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#53 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#7 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#10 Hannaford case exposes holes in law, some say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#33 Startio Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#36 Startio Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#60 ISPF Counter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#2 Processors stall on OLTP workloads about half the time--almost no matter what you do
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#83 3270 Emulator Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#54 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#54 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#93 S/360 I/O activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#25 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#5 More IBM DASD RAS discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#53 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What microprocessor is more powerful, the Z80 or 6502?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What microprocessor is more powerful, the Z80 or 6502?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Jun 2018 20:26:15 -0700
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
I considered myself an expert ISPF user (including the editor). Sorry having to hit enter just didn't cut it for me. Only 7 colors? Emacs offers so much more.

after the 23june1969 unbundling announcement and starting to charge for (application) software, se services, etc ... POK had hard time adjusting to the rules, monthly charge had to cover original development as well as ongoing development and support. unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

JES2 NJE couldn't come up with business case ... at any price, market was somewhat price sensitive, as they raised the (forecasted) product price (to try and make up the shortfall), the number of (forecasted) customers dropped. What they eventually hit on was announcing JES2 NJE & VM370 VNET as "joint" products ... where the revenue from VNET was used to make up the NJE shortfall. hasp, jes, nje, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

JES2 had tried $300/month, $600/month, & $1200/month for NJE ... but forecasted customers were dropping faster than the price was going up. VNET easily met its business case at $30/month ... they announced joint product at $600/month (with effectively nearly all the money going to NJE).

ISPF had similar problem coming up with business case ... but by the early 80s, they had relaxed the rules so the products just had to be in the same organization. They moved vm370 performance products into the same business unit as ISPF ... reducing the staff to three people ... and used the VM370 products revenue to underwrite the cost of the 200 people in the ISPF group.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISPF

some misc. recent posts mentioning ISPF:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#2 ISPF (was Fujitsu Mainframe Vs IBM mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#82 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#25 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#34 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#23 progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#48 IPCS, DUMPRX, 3092, EREP

more (editor) drift, trying to promote RED which had quite a bit of internal use and maturity at the time Endicott decided to develop XEDIT. Endicott eventually responded it was the RED author's fault that RED was so much better than XEDIT, and therefor it should be RED author's responsibility to bring XEDIT up to RED level.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#email790606
in this (long winded) post along with other old RED/XEDIT email from the period (and other subjects)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#26

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OCC Covering Up for Wells Fargo Type Abuses at Other Banks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: OCC Covering Up for Wells Fargo Type Abuses at Other Banks
Date: 07 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
OCC Covering Up for Wells Fargo Type Abuses at Other Banks
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/06/occ-covering-wells-fargo-type-abuses-banks.html

Trump nominee, once probed by bank regulator, now set to head the agency; Joseph Otting's background has sparked a fierce backlash against the nomination from Senate Democrats.
https://www.politico.com/story/2017/11/16/joseph-otting-trump-currency-comptroller-165001
Otting was CEO of OneWest Bank, a lender co-founded by Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin that drew criticism over its handling of foreclosures after the financial crisis. The bank was scolded by its federal regulator in 2011 for not properly overseeing the loans of thousands of people at risk of losing their homes and was bound by a consent order for four years.
... snip ...

... what was the line about Roosevelt and Kennedy
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/01/06/AR2009010602938.html
When Franklin Roosevelt was looking for someone to head the new agency created to prevent the kind of corrupt Wall Street practices that had brought the stock market and the economy to their knees, he didn't turn to a pinstriped banker or a fancy-pants lawyer or even a hard-bitten prosecutor. He tapped Joseph P. Kennedy, a politically ambitious bootlegger and dealmaker who knew exactly how to play the game, circumvent rules, rig markets and get the better of his customers. The best way to catch pirates, Roosevelt figured, was to hire another pirate.
... snip ...

past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

other posts about Kennedy treason with WW2 Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#64 Jean Tirole's Proposal to Appoint Felons to Monitor CEOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#8 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#67 IBM's Chief Executive's Message to Shareholders 75 Years Ago

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A story about monkeys explains our grifter nation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A story about monkeys explains our grifter nation
Date: 09 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
A story about monkeys explains our grifter nation
https://fabiusmaximus.com/2018/06/09/monkeys-explain-grifter-our-nation/

1999 I asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). I was told that some investment bankers had walked away clean from the S&L crises and were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype and then IPO for a couple billions, should then fail in order to leave the field open for the next round of IPOs) and were predicted to get into securitized mortgages next. I was to work on improving the integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure.

Then they started paying rating agencies for triple-A rating and triple-A trumps supporting documents, enabling doing no-documentation liar loans (and no longer having to care about borrower's qualifications or loan quality); securitize mortgages, pay for triple-A (when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A from Oct2008 congressional hearing testimony), sell into the bond market ... enabling over $27T be done 2001-2008 (including selling to institutions restricted to only "safe investments" like large pension funds).

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
Bill Black was bank examiner during S&L crisis, trivia: Keating Five
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
William K. Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
It was Black who accused then-house speaker Jim Wright and five US Senators, including John Glenn and John McCain, of doing favors for the S&L's in exchange for contributions and other perks. The senators got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one of those bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called "Keating Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get Black -- kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. Of course.
... snip ...

This century, another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
Date: 09 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2018/06/chinese-government-hackers-have.html
China reportedly stole secret US weapon plans in Navy hack
https://www.cnet.com/news/china-reportedly-stole-secret-us-war-plans-in-navy-hack/
Chinese Hackers Stole A Boatload Of Submarine Warfare Secrets From Newport Based Navy Contractor
http://www.thenewportbuzz.com/chinese-hackers-stole-a-boatload-of-submarine-warfare-secrets-from-newport-based-navy-contractor/16009

Cyber Operations Tracker
https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations

related data breach posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

just long litany of cyber dumb

Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/lets-face-it-its-the-cyber-era-and-were-cyber-dumb-30a00a8d29ad
NSA Details Chinese Cyber Theft of F-35, Military Secrets
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/nsa-details-chinese-cyber-theft-of-f-35-military-secrets/
they've been dancing through our classified networks for more than decade FBI: Chinese hacker accessed gold mine of data on F-22, -35 and 32 U.S. military projects
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/jul/16/fbi-chinese-hacker-accessed-gold-mine-data-f-22-f-/
Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/

past cyber dumb posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#3 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#49 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#0 Deep State: Inside the Government Secrecy Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#12 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#22 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#23 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#28 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#34 UN to Five Eyes nations: Your mass surveillance is breaking the law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#65 New Military Gear Doesn't Have to Cost a Fortune
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#43 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#45 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#11 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#34 The joy of simplicity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#51 Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#56 China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#44 Security Breach and Spilled Secrets Have Shaken the N.S.A. to Its Core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#112 How China Pushes the Limits on Military Technology Transfer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Patient Advocates Get Big Funding from Big Pharma

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Patient Advocates Get Big Funding from Big Pharma
Date: 09 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Patient Advocates Get Big Funding from Big Pharma
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2018/06/patient-advocates-get-big-funding-from-big-pharma.html
Major patient advocacy groups receive huge contributions from drug manufacturers but have never had to legally disclose these payments or their sources to the public. That means these advocacy groups can endorse certain drugs and lobby for or against drug policies, and still bill themselves as the voice of the consumer, while the public is blind to their enormous conflicts of interest. Without a clear picture of the groups' allegiances, patients can't make informed decisions about whose advice they should follow regarding their own medical care.
.... snip ...

Fueling an Epidemic, Exposing the Financial Ties Between Opiod Manufactures and Third Party Advocacy Groups
https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/REPORT-Fueling%20an%20Epidemic-Exposing%20the%20Financial%20Ties%20Between%20Opioid%20Manufacturers%20and%20Third%20Party%20Advocacy%20Groups.pdf
This report provides the first comprehensive snapshot of the financial connections between opioid manufacturers and advocacy groups and professional societies operating in the area of opioids policy. Drawing on disclosures from Purdue Pharma L.P., Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Mylan N.V., Depomed, Inc., and Insys Therapeutics, Inc., in response to requests from Ranking Member McCaskill, the sections below describe nearly $9 million in payments from these manufacturers to 14 outside groups working on chronic pain and other opioid - related issues between 2012 and 2017. In addition, physicians affiliated with these groups accepted more than $1.6 million in payments from the five manufacturers between 2013 and the present. In total, the five manufacturers have made more than $10 million in payments to these groups and affiliated individuals since January 2012.
... snip ...

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Report: Downed power lines sparked deadly California fires

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Report: Downed power lines sparked deadly California fires
Date: 09 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Report: Downed power lines sparked deadly California fires
https://phys.org/news/2018-06-downed-power-lines-deadly-california.html

Last decade ... PG&E got fined and held liable for fires in (california) bay area started by power lines sparking brush fires and burning down homes & buildings. Public utility commission had allowed PG&E portion of rates for brush maintenance ... but it turned out that they were using it for executive bonuses. PG&E was held liable (since they had taken responsibility for the brush clearing with the petition for additional rate increase for the purpose).

past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#65 Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#61 What Makes a bridge Bizarre?

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Should Bankers Be Forced to Put Some Skin in the Game?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Should Bankers Be Forced to Put Some Skin in the Game?
Date: 10 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Should Bankers Be Forced to Put Some Skin in the Game?
https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/should-bankers-be-forced-put-some-skin-game

short: it use to be that banks kept mortgage loans they made (using deposits) and made money off the loan payments ... having significant interest in borrower's qualifications and loan quality. last decade significant shift where they securitized, paid for triple-A ratings (even when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearing testimony) and sold off into the bond market (triple-A allowed them to unload every loan they made). Now they were making money off fees on the transactions, was only interested in making as large amount as possible as fast as possible and no longer cared about borrower's qualifications or loan quality. Now they had no skin in the game (which gave rise to suggestion that loan originators needed to hold some part of the securitized mortgages)

except: They then found out that they could design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A , sell into the bond market, and take out CDS gambling bets they would fail. Now they cared abut borrower's qualifications and loan quality ... but not in the traditional way. The largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

trivia: spring 2008, some investors were starting to realize that the rating agencies were selling triple-A for things that weren't worth triple-a and began to suspect that they might not be able to trust any ratings. This froze the muni-bond market until Warren Buffett stepped in and started selling muni-bond insurance.

disclaimer: 1999 I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). I was told that some investment bankers had walked away clean from the S&L crises and were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype and then IPO for a couple billions, should then fail in order to leave the field open for the next round of IPOs) and were predicted to get into securitized mortgages next. I was to work on improving the integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. Then they started paying rating agencies for triple-A rating and triple-A trumps supporting documents, enabling doing no-documentation liar loans (and no longer having to care about borrower's qualifications or loan quality); securitize mortgages, pay for triple-A, sell into the bond market ... enabling over $27T done 2001-2008 (including selling to institutions restricted to only "safe investments" like large pension funds).

other trivia: VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
Bill Black was bank examiner during S&L crisis, trivia: Keating Five
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
William K. Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
It was Black who accused then-house speaker Jim Wright and five US Senators, including John Glenn and John McCain, of doing favors for the S&L's in exchange for contributions and other perks. The senators got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one of those bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called "Keating Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get Black -- kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. Of course.
... snip ...

This century, another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

More trivia: during the Internet IPO bubble, I had been very vocal criticizing some internet technology. We were at an X9 financial standards meeting (hosted at a major financial lobbying group in DC), when we were asked to step out, there was somebody to see us. We were taken to office, the door shut and introduced to somebody from an NJ ethnic group. He said that some investment bankers had asked him to talk to us. They were expecting $2B from upcoming IPO and my criticism was predicted to have a 10% downside ($200M) and would I please shutup. It wasn't personal, purely business. Afterwards I went to some federal LEOs and was told that investment bankers are like that ... amoral sociopaths.

also triple-A ratings trumps documents and they can start making no-documentation, liar loans ... also speeding up how fast they can make loans (revenue becomes the speed/rate and size of the fees and commissions).

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mexico Foiled a $110 Million Bank Heist, Then Kept It a Secret

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mexico Foiled a $110 Million Bank Heist, Then Kept It a Secret
Date: 10 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Mexico Foiled a $110 Million Bank Heist, Then Kept It a Secret, Now, its banking system is being hit by a new wave of attacks
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-29/mexico-foiled-a-110-million-bank-heist-then-kept-it-a-secret

At financial industry critical infrastructure protection meetings in white house annex ... major concern was that the threat/exploit sharing database not be subject to FOIA ... not to keep it from the bad guys (which already had the info), but from the public (didn't want to damage the trust that the public has in our institutions).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection

We had also been brought in to help wordsmith some cal. legislation. They were working on "electronic signature", data breach notification" and "opt-in personal information sharing". Several of the members were involved in privacy issues and had done in-depth, detailed public surveys. The #1 problem was "identity theft" primarily involving fraudulent financial transactions as a result of breaches. There was little or nothing being done and it was hoped that publicity from notifications might prompt corrective action. The issue was that entities normally take security measures in self protection. However, in the case of these breaches, it wasn't the institutions at risk, but the public (so they had little motivation).

More recently there have been dozen or so data breach notification" bills introduced in congress that would (also) pre-empt state legislation, none passed so far ... half similar to the cal. state legislation and half that would effectively eliminate notification (by requiring notification only in the case of breach of a combination of a long list of personal information that never actually occurs).

Hackers Crashed a Bank's Computers While Attempting a SWIFT Hack
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/hackers-crashed-a-bank-s-computers-while-attempting-a-swift-hack/

data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification
electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 11 Jun 2018 09:42:22 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
How well do current apps handle threading? Back from OS/2 days the complaint was that programmers couldn't write multithreaded apps? It would seem there are a lot of tasks that could benefit from being split up so they could run well on multiple cores. For example Photoshop or GIMP has long-running tasks that would run a lot faster. In other cases it seems like some programs stop or slow down responding to mouse clicks while doing some things.

This may be just my impression, but it seems like, as usual, the software hasn't kept up with the hardware.


last decade story by Intel SVP Pat Gelsinger being told by Gates that they had to stop doing multi-core and go back to making faster single processors because multi-threaded programming was too hard, Gelsinger explains to him it wasn't going to happen (and holy grail is new programming language that handle parallel paradigm rather than strictly step-by-step sequential). original quote/ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
repeated refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#42 Panic in Multicore Land
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#15 Why do people say "the soda loop is often depicted as a simple loop"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#44 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#48 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#85 Parallel programming may not be so daunting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#118 By the time we get to 'O' in OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#48 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#52 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability

SMP, compare&swap, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

was doing some consulting work for sequent CTO later half of 90s (before IBM buys them and shuts them down) ... and they claimed they had done majority of the work on NT to get the multiprocessor support to scale up (multi-threading kernel) ... running on their 30-way symmetry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems

at the time, Steve Chen was CTO ... from Supercomputer Systems (SSI) (had been partially funded by IBM) and before that Cray X-MP & Y-MP.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Chen_(computer_engineer)

and they had started work on 256-way NUMA-Q using SCI ... I had been brought into SCI work (originated from SLAC Gustavson) while still at IBM in late 80s/early 90s
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interconnect

... about the same time was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they had been playing which quickly becomes fibre channel standard.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel
which we used for cluster scaleup when we were doing HA/CMP product at IBM ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

past posts mentioning Steve Chen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#68 CM-5 Thinking Machines, Supercomputers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#70 CM-5 Thinking Machines, Supercomputers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#42 Looking for Software/Documentation for an Opus 32032 Card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#57 Another light on the map going out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#19 Worst case scenario?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#9 Is no one reading the article?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#12 Steve Chen Making China's Supercomputer Grid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#38 Wanted: info on old Unisys boxen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#1 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#4 Migration from Mainframe to othre platforms - the othe bell?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#5 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#7 IBM in Talks to Buy Sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#55 MasPar compiler and simulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#58 MasPar compiler and simulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#5 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#42 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#59 Problem with XP scheduler?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#71 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#42 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#68 Entry point for a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#70 Entry point for a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#47 Nonlinear systems and nonlocal supercomputing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#48 Nonlinear systems and nonlocal supercomputing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#61 IBM to announce new MF's this year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#24 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#7 IBM Watson's Ancestors: A Look at Supercomputers of the Past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#79 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#13 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#65 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#50 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#74 100 boxes of computer books on the wall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#10 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#49 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#47 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#53 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages
Date: 11 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages
https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/we-must-stop-bad-bosses-using-migrant-labour-to-drive-down-wages-7lprz69hx

90s, First Data and First Financial were in bidding war for takeover of Western Union, First Data drops out because Western Union was in poor financial shape. Later First Data and First Financial merge (First Data has to spin-off MoneyGram as part of the merger). However after the turn of the century there is huge explosion in corporations bringing in workers from south of the border (legal & illegal) ... resulting in corresponding huge explosion in WU revenue (workers sending their paychecks home). By 2005, WU revenue had exploded so it equaled all the rest of First Data's revenue and WU is spun off (possibly partially motivated by President of Mexico inviting First Data executives to Mexico to be thrown in jail for how much WU is making off Mexican workers). This goes into change in "Chamber of Commerce" around the turn of the century, heavy lobbying congress to look the other way on the foreign worker and immigrant issues.
https://www.amazon.com/Influence-Machine-Commerce-Corporate-American-ebook/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

Trivia: in 1992 AMEX spun of much of its dataprocessing as First Data in the largest IPO up until that time. During the 90s, First Data does a number of acquisitions and mergers. For WU to go from poor financial shape in the 90s to a few years later its revenue equal to all the rest of First Data operations required enormous explosion in the number of workers from south of the border during the first five years of this century.

FDC is large financial outsourcing company, including handling all aspects (call-center, statements, transactions, embossing/mailing plastic, etc) for over half of all credit cards in the US (on behalf of its banking customers)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Data#Expansion

past posts mentioning "Influence Machine"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#91 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#44 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#102 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#77 Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on the businesses that hire them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#9 Which States Account for Our Trade Deficit with Mexico?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#54 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tariffs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Tariffs
Date: 11 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
tariffs has been used for (general) revenue
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tariffs_in_United_States_history
... part of the issue recently is constitution gives congress the responsibility for tariffs.
https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44707.pdf
However, congress has given the president authority for tariffs if it involves war (1917) or national emergency (1977) ... so a lot of the recent activity has required the declaration that national security is involved.
http://money.cnn.com/2017/01/23/news/economy/trump-tariff-power/index.html
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stuartanderson/2018/03/05/time-to-take-away-the-presidents-power-to-impose-tariffs/#50be9ea3756a

tariffs also (especially more recently) used in trade wars
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trade_war
which can also include import quotas, subsidies, relative money valuation (low valuation makes your goods cheaper abroad, but foreign imports cost more).

The car import quota against Japan in the 70s was example ... stated purpose was to reduce competition and give US auto markers enormous profits to completely remake themselves. In the early 80s, there was call for 100% unearned profit tax on US auto makers (they had just pocketed the profit and continued business as usual).

In 1990, the US auto industry had the C4 task force ... to (finally?) look at completely remaking themselves and because they were planning on heavily leveraging technology, they invited representatives from major technology vendors. In the meetings (I was one of the reps), they were very articulate about what was wrong in the US industry, what foreign companies were doing right, and what needed to be changed. However as the bailouts showed end of last decade, they continued business as usual (and weren't able to change).

auto c4 taskforce posts
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

aka ... keeping the dollar low means we sell more abroad ... but appear to spend more on imports (takes more dollars to make up the value in the foreign currency) ... changes in how we value the dollar then also can change how we calculate trade imbalances ... separate from how much we sell and buy. However international trade currency is dollars ... which gives US something like 30% advantage over the rest of the world. ... we pay in dollars and everybody else also needs dollars ... and eventually has to come back as spending/investing in the U.S. In the case of China, trillions in their excess dollars comes back buying federal gov. debt ... supporting enormous increase in federal spending that happened same time enormous cuts in (corporate) tax rates and increase in special tax loopholes

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dirty Money, Shiny Architecture

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dirty Money, Shiny Architecture
Date: 11 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Dirty Money, Shiny Architecture; Money laundering in real estate poses an ethical problem for architects.
http://www.architectmagazine.com/design/editorial/dirty-money-shiny-architecture_o

TBTF were caught money laundering starting back last decade, for drug cartels and terrorists ... included using real estate and mortgages ... where they get slap on the wrists and asked to please stop (also contributed to terms too big to prosecute and too big to jail ... since gov. was already trying to do everything to avoid putting them out of business).

Money-Laundering & The Real Estate Boom
https://www.organicconsumers.org/news/money-laundering-real-estate-boom

more recent Citigroup Agrees to $97.4 Million Settlement in Money Laundering Inquiry
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/22/business/dealbook/citigroup-settlement-banamex-usa-inquiry.html
Wachovia to settle drug-money laundering case
http://www.nbcnews.com/id/35914759/ns/business-world_business/t/wachovia-settle-drug-money-laundering-case/
HSBC Deferred Prosecution For Cartel Money Laundering Expires
https://inhomelandsecurity.com/hsbc-cartel-money-laundering/
HSBC Whistleblower Details Funds To Terrorists And Drug Cartels
https://mfi-miami.com/2013/09/hsbc-1/
Wells Fargo: Your Neighborhood Mega-Money Laundering, Drug War Profiteering, Prison-Industry Enlarging Bank; Wells Fargo is one big elite networking operation that's not afraid to get its hands covered in blood money.
https://www.alternet.org/economy/whats-wrong-wells-fargo
Gangster Bankers: Too Big to Jail; How HSBC hooked up with drug traffickers and terrorists. And got away with it
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/gangster-bankers-too-big-to-jail-20130214
Netflix documentary re-examines HSBC's $881 million money-laundering scandal
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/netflix-documentary-re-examines-hsbcs-881-million-money-laundering-scandal-2018-02-21

money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
"Too Big To Fail" ("too big to prosecute" and "too big to jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too.big.to.fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism.
Date: 11 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism.
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/04/30/how-american-racism-influenced-hitler

note that John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding German industry and military from the 20s up through the early 40s.
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis (and circumvent the neutrality laws)
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become "a river of blood," other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program needed locations of industrial and military targets in Germany, they got the information from wallstreet.

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldof-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "in god we trust" to money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

some recent posts mentioning Dulles support for Hitler and Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#102 75 years ago, Hitler invaded Poland. Here's how it happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#74 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#21 Norden bombsight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#31 The U.S. was not founded as a Christian nation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#8 The First World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#49 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#67 IBM's Chief Executive's Message to Shareholders 75 Years Ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rewarding failure has become an American epidemic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Rewarding failure has become an American epidemic
Date: 11 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Rewarding failure has become an American epidemic
https://nypost.com/2018/06/02/rewarding-failure-has-become-an-american-epidemic/

last decade saw an big uptic in government outsourcing to "for profit" companies (especially those owned by private equity ... there are restriction on using money from gov. contracts for lobbying congress, put apparently there are no such restrictions on private equity owners)
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
which has accelerated the rapidly spreading "success of failure" culture (make more money off series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

in intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people, including the private equity owned company that employed Snowden. Also, the private equity owned companies that security clearances were outsourced to ... were found to be filling out the paperwork but not actually doing the background checks ... as part of increasing revenue/profit for the private equity owners.
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 12 Jun 2018 09:20:12 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
was doing some consulting work for sequent CTO later half of 90s (before IBM buys them and shuts them down) ... and they claimed they had done majority of the work on NT to get the multiprocessor support to scale up (multi-threading kernel) ... running on their 30-way symmetry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#57 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

before consulting for sequent CTO, had run into sequent when doing consulting to netscape on payment transactions for what becomes electronic commerce. netscape was increasing number of servers for downloads. At the time webservers quickly became overloaded and NETSCAPE was constantly adding servers. Their servers were individually named and they were trying to come up with ways users would select different servers as way of distributing workload (this was before google got modified front-end/boundary routers to do dynamic workload distribution across backend servers).

netscape finally rolled in sequent server that "solved" their performance problem. first it had "large" number of processors to handle larger load and second it had previously solved the FINWAIT list "problem" that was saturating other webservers. Original "FINWAIT" (tcp session close processing) assumed small numbers on the list and did a linear search. SEQUENT had previously ran into the FINWAIT problem with commercial unix installations having thousands of TELNET sessions and had "fixed" the FINWAIT problem in DYNIX.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DYNIX

HTTP(S) was hitting the problem with every interaction a different TCP session, and as load increased, thousands of entries on the FINWAIT list and sequential search could hit 99% of CPU. It was another 6-12 months before other unix vendors started rolling out FINWAIT fix.

past finwait posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#1 Early tcp development?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#164 Uptime (was Re: Q: S/390 on PowerPC?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#52 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#3 The demise of compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#14 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#39 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#45 M$ SMP and old time IBM's LCMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#12 Possible to have 5,000 sockets open concurrently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#33 A Speculative question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#50 Question about Unix "heritage"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#46 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#70 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#42 TCP channel half closed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#13 RFC 2616 change proposal to increase speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#21 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#36 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#33 X.509 and ssh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#2 Hey! Keep Your Hands Out Of My Abstraction Layer!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#37 Curiosity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#11 What part of z/OS is the OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#38 Problem with TCP connection close
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#28 Yet another squirrel question - Results (very very long post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#36 Making tea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#7 IBM in Talks to Buy Sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#76 Tiny-traffic DoS attack spotlights Apache flaw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#44 Follow up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#62 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#51 Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#9 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#11 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#6 Founders of SSL Call Game Over?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#89 False Start's sad demise: Google abandons noble attempt to make SSL less painful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#83 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#8 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#46 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#48 Google takes on Internet Standards with TCP Proposals, SPDY standardization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#13 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#26 There Is Still Hope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#76 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#2 Knowledge Center Outage May 3rd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#50 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#71 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#113 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#43 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#127 Early Networking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#52 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#54 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#45 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Here's every time Amazon has made a play for banking services

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Here's every time Amazon has made a play for banking services
Date: 12 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Here's every time Amazon has made a play for banking services; The retail giant has a habit of encroaching on Wall Street's turf. Its latest experiment: home insurance
https://www.fastcompany.com/40582645/heres-every-time-amazon-has-made-a-play-for-banking-services

The rhetoric on the floor of congress was that the purpose of GLBA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gramm%E2%80%93Leach%E2%80%93Bliley_Act
was if you already had banking charter, you got to keep it, but if you didn't, you couldn't get one (i.e. preventing new players from getting into banking, specifically calling out WalMart and Microsoft). After that got rolling, they then started adding more provisions ... best known now is the repeal of Glass-Steagal. From the law of unintended consequences ... in the economic mess, when Federal Reserve was doing the real bailout of the too big to fail behind the scenes, some of their investment banker friends were w/o banking charters (making them ineligible for some of the bailout) ... so Federal Reserve was just passing out banking charters ... in theory in violation of GLBA).

In the early part of the century, WalMart (and others) tried to get around GLBA by buying Utah ILCs with existing banking charters. Wallstreet mounted publicity campaign to get community banks to write congress objecting to WalMart being allowed to get a Utah ILC ... claiming it would affect their (community banking) business. However, the real issue with the Utah ILC, WalMart would no longer need its wallstreet Too Big To Fail merchant bank ... and the community bank objections were just smoke screen.

trivia: wallstreet banks have used congressional national writein campaigns dating back to 1800s ... having them object to some banking legislation ... when it would actually impact only a few (or even a single) wall street institutions. By former member of congress: "Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to 1920":
http://archive.org/details/triumphantpluto00pettrich

loc754-62:
In 1872, the ring of bankers in New York sent the following circular to every bank in the United States: "Dear Sir: It is advisable to do all in your power to sustain such prominent daily and weekly newspapers, especially the agricultural and religious press, as will oppose the issuing of greenback paper money, and that you also withhold patronage or favors from all applicants who are not willing to oppose the Government issue of money. Let the Government issue the coin and the banks issue the paper money of the country, for then we can better protect each other. To repeal the law creating National Bank notes, or to restore to circulation the Government issue of money, will be to provide the people with money, and will therefore seriously affect your individual profit as bankers and lenders. See your Congressman at once, and engage him to support our interests that we may control legislation."
... snip ...

eventually leads to Federal Reserve controlled by the banks (not the government).

Note person behind GLBA is #2 on times list of those responsible for economic mess, not so much for repeal of Glass-Steagall, but for blocking regulation of CDS gambling bets (credit default swaps)
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

chair of CFTC raised the issue of regulation and was quickly replaced by #2's wife
https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Mercatus_Center#Connections_to_NFIB_and_Environmental_Deregulation

while he gets legislation passed blocking regulation, originally billed as gift for enron:
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html
Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.

she then resigns and joins Enron board (and audit committee) ... ref gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/
A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this, the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in attendance fees

some more background
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/warning/
other background
https://www.amazon.com/Dark-Money-History-Billionaires-RadicalRight-ebook/dp/B0180SU4OA/

Pecora Hearings &/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
"too big to fail" ("too big to prosecute", "too big to jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too.big.to.fail
Federal Reserve posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Finally: SEC Frets about Share Buybacks, "Torrent of Corporate Trading Dominating the Market" and "Short-Term Financial Engineering"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Finally: SEC Frets about Share Buybacks, "Torrent of Corporate Trading Dominating the Market" and "Short-Term Financial Engineering"
Date: 12 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Finally: SEC Frets about Share Buybacks, "Torrent of Corporate Trading Dominating the Market" and "Short-Term Financial Engineering"
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/06/finally-sec-frets-share-buybacks-torrent-corporate-trading-dominating-market-short-term-financial-engineering.html
Executives often claim that a buyback is the right long-term strategy for the company, and they're not always wrong. But if that's the case, they should want to hold the stock over the long run, not cash it out once a buyback is announced. If corporate managers believe that buybacks are best for the company, its workers, and its community, they should put their money where their mouth is.
... snip ...

Finally: SEC Frets about Share Buybacks, "Torrent of Corporate Trading Dominating the Market" and "Short-Term Financial Engineering"
https://wolfstreet.com/2018/06/11/sec-frets-about-share-buybacks-torrent-of-corporate-trading-dominating-todays-market-and-short-term-financial-engineering/
Huge New Prop under the Stock Market is a One-Time Affair
https://wolfstreet.com/2018/06/05/what-props-up-the-stock-market/

buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 13 Jun 2018 12:09:06 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
How well do current apps handle threading? Back from OS/2 days the complaint was that programmers couldn't write multithreaded apps? It would seem there are a lot of tasks that could benefit from being split up so they could run well on multiple cores. For example Photoshop or GIMP has long-running tasks that would run a lot faster. In other cases it seems like some programs stop or slow down responding to mouse clicks while doing some things.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#57 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#63 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

Charlie had invented compare&swap (CAS chosen because that was charlie's initials) when he was doing fine-grain multiprocessor locking for CP/67 at Cambridge Science Center, past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
past SMP and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

we then tried to get it added to 370 architecture but was initially rebuffed. The 370 architecture owners said that the POK favorite son operating system people claimed that test&set (from 360 multiprocessor) was more than sufficient. The 370 architecture owners than said in order to get it added to 370 architecture, we would have to come up with uses other than multiprocessor kernel locking and serialization. Thus was born the uses by application multithreaded implementations (regardless of whether running on multiprocessor or not) that are still included in ibm mainframe principle of operations appendixes (the 370 architecture slightly expanded from single word CAS ... to single word CS and a double word CDS).

esa/390 a.6 multiprogramming and multiprocessor examples
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9AR004/A.6?SHELF=EZ2HW125&DT=19970613131822&CASE=
z/Architecture a.6 multiprogramming and multiprocessor examples
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/A.6?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320

it use started showing up large mainframe DBMS and other multithreaded applications in the 70s on 370. It was also used by the original relational/SQL implementation, System/R ... done at San Jose Research some past System/R posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

In the 80s, started seeing comapre&swap ... or other instructions with similar semantics ... showing up on other platforms ... and would see large (non-IBM) RDBMS implementations using it.

trivia: when we were doing our HA/CMP product for RS/6000 ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

and working with the (non-IBM) RDBMS vendors for RS/6000 ports ... ran into performance problem. If compare&swap semantics weren't implemented on a platform, those RDBMS implementations fell back to kernel calls for locking/serialization functions ... adversely affecting performance. RS/6000 RIOS was RISC ... was strongly against instructions that were more than single cycle (compare&swap is multicycle) ... which adversely affected RS/6000 RDBMS performance. An immediate hack was RS/6000 eventually did a compare&swap macro with supervisor call that did fast path compare&swap simulation in the SVC interrupt handler with immediate return (I may even still have the interrupt handler comapre&swap simulation code buried in some archive).

other trivia: the OS/2 had contacted the VM370 group in Endicott on how to do efficient multiprogramming and multithreaded dispatching. Endicott sent the OS/2 people to me. old post with email:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#email871204
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#email871204b
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#60

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 13 Jun 2018 15:15:41 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
esa/390 a.6 multiprogramming and multiprocessor examples
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9AR004/A.6?SHELF=EZ2HW125&DT=19970613131822&CASE=
z/Architecture a.6 multiprogramming and multiprocessor examples
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/A.6?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#57 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#63 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#66 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

earlier (370) principle of operations
http://bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/370/princOps/GA22-7000-4_370_Principles_Of_Operation_Sep75.pdf

it is appendix I, starting pg. 310, Multiprocessor Examples, and then examples of use, pg. 311, interlocked single word serially reusable resource, pg 312 bypassing post, pg 313 fifo queuing, pg 314 free-pool-list manipulation (i.e. works for multithreaded applications, whether single processor or multiple processor configurations).

wiki ref:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compare-and-swap
implementations
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compare-and-swap#Implementations
Compare-and-swap (and compare-and-swap-double) has been an integral part of the IBM 370 (and all successor) architectures since 1970. The operating systems that run on these architectures make extensive use of this instruction to facilitate process (i.e., system and user tasks) and processor (i.e., central processors) parallelism while eliminating, to the greatest degree possible, the "disabled spin locks" which had been employed in earlier IBM operating systems. Similarly, the use of test-and-set was also eliminated. In these operating systems, new units of work may be instantiated "globally", into the global service priority list, or "locally", into the local service priority list, by the execution of a single compare-and-swap instruction. This substantially improved the responsiveness of these operating systems.
... snip ...

IBM (c language library) ref:
https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSLTBW_2.3.0/com.ibm.zos.v2r3.bpxbd00/cs.htm
Intel threading compare&swap ref:
https://software.intel.com/en-us/node/506125

SMP and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 13 Jun 2018 16:26:04 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#57 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#63 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#66 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#67 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

other threading trivia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thread_(computing)
history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thread_(computing)#History
Threads made an early appearance in OS/360 Multiprogramming with a Variable Number of Tasks (MVT) in 1967, in which context they were called "tasks". The term "thread" has been attributed to Victor A. Vyssotsky.[2] Process schedulers of many modern operating systems directly support both time-sliced and multiprocessor threading, and the operating system kernel allows programmers to manipulate threads by exposing required functionality through the system call interface. Some threading implementations are called kernel threads, whereas light-weight processes (LWP) are a specific type of kernel thread that share the same state and information. Furthermore, programs can have user-space threads when threading with timers, signals, or other methods to interrupt their own execution, performing a sort of ad hoc time slicing.
... snip ...

actually MFT (multiprogramming with fixed number of tasks) showed up a couple releases earlier. And even before that, customers were developing their own multithreaded applications ... for example for what eventually became IBM's CICS product.

Motivation for original CICS effort was a lot of basic OS/360 services were very heavy weight and high overhead. At startup CICS would obtain all the memory it could and open all necessary files ... and then run its own lightweight threading, system services and processing (CICS looked like single large, single thread, single task subsystem ... pretty much opaque to OS/360) ... refs gone 404 but live on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm

internal CICS coding was single threaded and had little serialization, only running as single os/360 task ... until 2004 when multiprocessor exploitation was released
http://web.archive.org/web/20041023110006/http://www.yelavich.com/history/ev200402.htm

prior to that customers took advantage of large multiprocessor configurations by running multiple different instances of CICS (and partitioning the workload) ... some large customer configurations would have 120 or more concurrent CICS instances on single system.

however, other (non-OS360) history is some of the MIT CTSS people went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, the internal network (technology also used for the corporate sponsored university BITNET), invented GML (chosen because letters of the inventors last names), some number of other online things.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS
CP/40, 1964-1967
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS#1964%E2%80%9367:_CP-40,_S/360-67,_and_TSS
more CP/40 detail, talks given at user group meeting in 1982
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt
CP40 morphs into CP67 (1967-1968), when science center gets 360/67
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS#1967%E2%80%9368:_CP-67

other refs:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conversational_Monitor_System
http://multicians.org/thvv/360-67.html

CP/67 was installed at the univ. last week of January in 1968. Over the next several months, I get to rewrite a lot of the code ... part of presentation on some pathlength optimization I gave at user group meeting that summer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18 CP/67 & OS MFT14

I then also rewrote scheduling, dispatching, page replacement, and much of the i/o subsystem, other old information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#1 Multitasking question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#2 Schdulers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#3 Schdulers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#4 Schdulers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#5 Schdulers

most of which was picked up by the science center and shipped in the standard CP/67 product.

past scheduling/displatching posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
past paging & page replacing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock
past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

CICS/BDAM trivia: the univ. library had also gotten an ONR grant for doing online catalog. The univ. used part of the money to get a 2321 datacell
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_2321.html

the library effort also got selected to be beta test site for the original IBM CICS "product" ... and I get tagged/selected to support/debug it. "Bug" that I remember taking some time to track down was original CICS implementation had done some (undocumented) "hard coded" some BDAM file options. The library had created BDAM files with other options. CICS startup would fail on startup trying to open the BDAM files ... they didn't ship source ... so it took me some time to reverse engineer what was going on. CICS (&/or BDAM) posts
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 14 Jun 2018 09:44:54 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
it use started showing up large mainframe DBMS and other multithreaded applications in the 70s on 370. It was also used by the original relational/SQL implementation, System/R ... done at San Jose Research some past System/R posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#57 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#63 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#66 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#67 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#68 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

I had worked with Jim Gray on System/R (after I transferred to SJR from Cambridge). The official "new" corporate DBMS was EAGLE ... and while corporation was preoccupied with EAGLE ... we were able to do technical transfer to Endicott and get it out as SQL/DS. Then when EAGLE imploded, was asked how fast a port could be made to MVS ... which was eventually released as DB2.

Later when we were doing (RS/6000) HA/CMP ... we were working with RDBMS vendors that had UNIX support ... in the same source base with vax/cluster support. As part of getting port to HA/CMP cluster, I did distributed lock manager that supported VAX/Cluster semantics.

Mainframe DB2 had cluster support (mainframe "loosely coupled") but it wasn't portable. IBM Toronto was working on RDBMS for OS2 ... but was still limited function (and no clusters) and didn't yet even have a unix port (it was eventually released as OS/2 "DB2" ... and eventually got ports for AIX and AS/400).

trivia: circa 1980 there was internal projects to migrate a lot of internal (CISC) microprocessors to 801/RISC (mostly Iliad chips); low and mid-range 370 microprocessors to Iliad (originally 4361 and 4381 followons to 4331 and 4361), most controller microprocessors, and the AS/400 followon to S/38. For various reasons all these efforts floundered and things returned to custom CISC chips business as usual.

Later mid-90s, they did finally migrate AS/400 from CISC to a power/pc 801/risc.

PC/RT was 801/risc ROMP chip ... originally targeted for DispalyWriter followon, but when that got canceled they retargeted to unix workstation market. RS/6000 was rios/POWER six chip-set ... w/o multiprocessor shared memory capability ... RIOS paper weight with six chips
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/riospw.jpg

rios chip set

Then there was apple, motorola, IBM "Somerset" effort to do single chip "power/pc" that also had memory bus interface that would support multiprocessor shared memory. The executive that we reported to (with HA/CMP product), went over to head up Somerset (trivia: he had at one time been chip engineer at motorola). A version of this was also used for the AS/400 followon.

posts mentioning 801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 14 Jun 2018 13:56:19 -0700
Charles Richmond <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
Isn't Jim Gray the guy who disappeared on a mountain in Alaska, or sailed into the Pacific Ocean and was never seen again???

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#69 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Gray_(computer_scientist)
article on the search
https://www.wired.com/2007/07/ff-jimgray-2/

Jim leaves San Jose Research for Tandem ... and palms some amount of stuff on me ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#1

he worked on industry benchmarks
http://www.tpc.org/information/who/gray.asp
also did studies of how failures were changing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

i had been blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s ... it really exploded after a "trip report" I distributed about visit to see Jim; from IBMJargon:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

Jim then went to DEC database ... and at 1991 ACM conference, Jim and I got into an argument about using commodity hardware for high available database (he was pushing vax/cluster over HA/CMP). When dec was dismembered ... Jim goes on sabatical ... and then shows up as head of m'soft san fran research. I somewhat get mine back when he shows up on stage with the head of m'soft pushing m'soft's commodity high availability cluster.

Before Jim disappears, he had con'ed me into interviewing for chief security architect in redmond ... that interview dragged on for a couple weeks, but we never came to agreement.

there was then celebration of Jim's life at Berkeley ... past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#32 A Tribute to Jim Gray: Sometimes Nice Guys Do Finish First

references to NYT article
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/05/31/a-tribute-to-jim-gray-sometimes-nice-guys-do-finish-first/

Tribute to Honor Jim Gray ... original ref gone 404 (may be moved, but lives on at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20080616153833/http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/IPRO/JimGrayTribute/pressrelease.html

followup discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#50 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation

also references berkeley tribute webcast ... also gone 404 ... but (also) at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604010939/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23082
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072804/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23083
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072809/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23087
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072815/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23088

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 14 Jun 2018 16:01:51 -0700
Michael Black <mblack@pubnix.net> writes:
Yes, he was sailing and disappeared. There was a reasonably big search at the time. It was discussed here. A check of wikipedia says it was 2007, so I guess it's folklore now. Eugene Miya (did I get that right) seemed to keep track of the search, posting here, but he later disappeared himself at some later point though I think he just got tired of here, no death or spectacular reason for leaving.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#69
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#70

anoter account of the search
https://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2011/7/109892-searching-for-jim-gray/fulltext

Eugene and I were/are in some of the same silicon valley groups, although haven't seen him as much ... and are friends on facebook and in some of the same facebook groups.

about same time he wasn't as active on usenet ... he also announced he would stop attending
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hackers_Conference

... we now have regular session about the people that passed each year.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 15 Jun 2018 10:16:53 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Eugene and I were/are in some of the same silicon valley groups, although haven't seen him as much ... and are friends on facebook and in some of the same facebook groups.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#69
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#70
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#71

one of the last interactions that Eugene and I had here in a.f.c. was in 2006 ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

it was about comparing early arpanet/internet with the internal network .... and limitation on early arpanet/internet was requiring relatively tightly controlled IMPs and authorization for connection. The internal network technology (done by co-worker at the science center) had a form of gateway in every node. At the great cutover from NCP/IMP to interworking protocol on 1Jan1983, there were approx. 100 IMPs and 255 connected hosts ... by comparison the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 (which it passed a few months later). The above ref includes list of corporate locations around the world that added one or more nodes (one of the things that slowed down internal network growth was corporate requirement that links are encrypted ... and battles with various government entities, especially when links crossed national boundaries; in the mid-80s, one of the link encryptor vendors claimed that the internal network had more than half of all link encryptors in the world).

SJR had first (corporate) CSNET gateway (w/udel-relay) in fall of 1982 ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#email821022
udel-relay email on cutover (to internetworking protocol)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email821230
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#email830109
on cut-over didn't go as smoothly as thought
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email830202

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 15 Jun 2018 10:41:53 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#email830109

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#69
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#70
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#71
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#72

finger slip ... 2002p (not 2002n) ... udel-relay on cutover to internetworking protocol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#email830109

other email in same post on csnet gateway
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#email821122

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 15 Jun 2018 11:04:36 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
SJR had first (corporate) CSNET gateway (w/udel-relay) in fall of 1982 ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#email821022


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#71
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#72
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#73

for more drift ... CSNET article
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSNET
... snip ...

much longer recent post (in online history group)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History

"nsfnet" originally started out for interconnecting the NSF supercomputer centers ... and then as the regional networks connect into the centers, it morphs into the NSFNET "backbone" (precursor to modern intenet).

past NSF related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
and past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

BITNET was the corporate sponsored university network (using internal network technology developed at science center)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
and past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
"BITNET" in Europe was "EARN"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_and_Research_Network
old email from person in Paris charged with forming EARN
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

lots of discussion groups started out on bitnet ... using LISTSERV ... developed on BITNET&EARN (gatewayed to usenet in bit.listserv hierarchy)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LISTSERV

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Nassim Nicholas Taleb

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Date: 16 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
June 15, 2014 quote from Nassim Nicholas Taleb
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nassim_Nicholas_Taleb
"Never debate the ignorant in front of the uninformed: the crowd can't tell who won the argument". Syrian Proverb

(It makes so much sense but I wish I was aware of it before engaging Larry Summers.) (This is the first aphorism here that is not mine.)

... snip ...

he wrote: "Fooled by Randomness"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fooled_by_Randomness
and "The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Black_Swan:_The_Impact_of_the_Highly_Improbable
and "Antifragile"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antifragile

Summers was protegee of Rubin at the treasury ... and becomes SECTREAS after Rubin helps CEO of CITIBANK in the repeal of Glass-Steagall ... and after that gets going, Rubin resigns as SECTREAS to become what was reported at the time was co-CEO of CITIBANK. Then Summers later as President of Harvard was involved in what has been referenced "Is Harvard Responsible For Rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on looting the country. "John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine"
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

"How Harvard lost Russia"; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

Pecora Hearings &/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

"How Harvard lost Russia" posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#98 Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#70 Department of Defense Head Ashton Carter Enlists Silicon Valley to Transform the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#91 Happy Dec-10 Day!!!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#16 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#73 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#59 How Putin Weaponized Wikileaks to Influence the Election of an American President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#105 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#92 The Lessons of Henry Kissinger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#56 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#83 Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#65 View of Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#69 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#39 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#69 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#82 John Helmer: Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#50 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 16 Jun 2018 17:35:20 -0700
George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
https://arstechnica.com/gaming/2018/06/george-lucas-reveals-his-plan-for-star-wars-7-through-9-and-it-was-awful/

When I first moved to San Jose, co-worker talked about being in the San Jose Astronomy club and Lucas brought drafts/outlines for eight Star Wars movies for the club to read. Later accounts were the first movie made was the one that appealed most to investors.

topic drift, a few years later, I'm doing HSDT project (T1 & faster links, terrestrial and satellite) ... was talking to NSF and Berkeley (and others). http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

I then got talked into working with the Berkeley 10meter group that was looking at putting observatory on top of mountain in Hawaii. They wanted to do remote observing from the mainland ... and also transitioning from film to digital. There was experiments with CCDs at Lick observatory. At the time, they were 200x200 (40kpixel) ... but there was rumors about gov. projects with 2Kx2K (4megapel) and that Spielburg was funding work on 4Kx4K (16megapixel). Work showed that CCD was 30-100 times more sensitive to photons that film .... (therefor needing less exposure time), but that amount of electricity generated wasn't consistent (and affected by cosmic rays and temperature). As result, they were doing 30sec white screen calibration before taking image/exposure.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charge-coupled_device
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charge-coupled_device#Use_in_astronomy

SJ Astronomy Club
https://www.meetup.com/SJ-Astronomy/
Lick Observatory
https://www.ucolick.org/public/bayarealinks.html
Keck observatory
https://www.ucolick.org/keckssc/
and more
http://www.keckobservatory.org/

They get a grant from the Keck Foundation to fund the observatory and it becomes Keck Observatory. Posts from 2004
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#7 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#8 CCD technology
with old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email830422
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email830804
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email840830
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email841121
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email860519

2000 CCD technology
http://www2.lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/ccd-infrared.html
current Keck CCD
https://www2.keck.hawaii.edu/inst/esi/ccd.html

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Nassim Nicholas Taleb

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Date: 17 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#75 Nassim Nicholas Taleb

The Warren Brief
http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/books/2014/04/21/140421crbo_books_lepore?currentPage=all
Larry Summers explains Washington to Elizabeth Warren in one sentence: "In the spring of 2009, after the panel issued its third report, critical of the bailout, Larry Summers took Warren out to dinner in Washington and, she recalls, told her that she had a choice to make. She could be an insider or an outsider, but if she was going to be an insider she needed to understand one unbreakable rule about insiders: 'They don't criticize other insiders.'"
... snip ...

this claims Larry Summers responsible for CDS being unregulated leading to the AIG mess
http://readersupportednews.org/opinion2/277-75/19459-larry-summers-goldman-sacked

However, this claims it was #2 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess (along with his wife), originally as gift for ENRON:
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

before becoming chair of CFTC, Wendy (wife of #2) was at Koch brothers funded Foundation
https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Mercatus_Center#Connections_to_NFIB_and_Environmental_Deregulation

Chair of CFTC suggests regulating CDS, she is quickly replaced with wife of #2, after he gets legislation rolling, wife resigns and joins board of ENRON and audit committee
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/
other refs:
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/warning/
https://www.amazon.com/Dark-Money-History-Billionaires-RadicalRight-ebook/dp/B0180SU4OA/

Pecora Hearings &/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

In 1999, there was reference that some investment bankers had walked away clean from S&L Crises, were then running Internet IPO mills, and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages. They then start paying rating agencies for "triple-A" ratings on securitized mortgages (even when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearing testimony). Triple-A trumps supporting documentation and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans, no longer needing to care about borrowers' qualification or loan quality, significantly contributing being able to do over $27T 2001-2008.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
(triple-A rated CDOs) securitized mortgages posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

They then find that they can design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell off, and take out CDS gambling bets that they fail (now they cared about loan quality, but not in the traditional way). The largest holder of CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was corporation formally headed by SECTREAS (also formally headed by Rubin, SECTREAS in 90s, contributing to joke that Treasury was the corporation's branch office in DC).

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Insiders Want Trump To Pardon Junk Bond "King" Michael Milken

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Insiders Want Trump To Pardon Junk Bond "King" Michael Milken
Date: 17 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Insiders Want Trump To Pardon Junk Bond "King" Michael Milken
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-06-17/insiders-want-trump-pardon-junk-bond-king-michael-milken

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
Bill Black was bank examiner during S&L crisis, trivia: Keating Five
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
William K. Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
It was Black who accused then-house speaker Jim Wright and five US Senators, including John Glenn and John McCain, of doing favors for the S&L's in exchange for contributions and other perks. The senators got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one of those bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called "Keating Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get Black -- kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. Of course.
... snip ...

This century, another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

other trivia: the industry had gotten such a bad reputation during the S&L Crises that they changed the industry name to Private Equity and "junk bonds" became "high yield bonds".

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HARPER: HAPPY ANNIVERSARY GLASS STEAGALL--WE MISS YOU, COME BACK

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: HARPER: HAPPY ANNIVERSARY GLASS STEAGALL--WE MISS YOU, COME BACK
Date: 17 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
HARPER: HAPPY ANNIVERSARY GLASS STEAGALL--WE MISS YOU, COME BACK
http://turcopolier.typepad.com/sic_semper_tyrannis/2018/06/harper-happy-anniversary-glass-steagall-we-miss-you-come-back.html

Jan2009 I was asked to HTMLize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash that resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions) that had been scanned the fall of 2008 at Boston Public Library (and can be found at the wayback machine book scanning project) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (reference to capital hill is buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash)

Pecora and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Former NSA And CIA Director Michael Hayden: The 'Golden Age Of Electronic Surveillance' Is Ending

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Former NSA And CIA Director Michael Hayden: The 'Golden Age Of Electronic Surveillance' Is Ending
Date: 17 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Former NSA And CIA Director Michael Hayden: The 'Golden Age Of Electronic Surveillance' Is Ending
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2018/06/former-nsa-and-cia-director-michael.html
The 'golden age of electronic surveillance' is ending, says former NSA and CIA chief Michael Hayden
https://www.recode.net/2018/5/28/17400846/michael-hayden-donald-trump-assault-intelligence-lies-book-cia-nsa-kara-swisher-decode-podcast

1999-2005
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Director_of_the_National_Security_Agency
during height of rapidly spreading "success of failure" period
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Stop treating former CIA chief Michael Hayden as an arbiter of truth
https://www.cjr.org/first_person/cia_michael_hayden_expert.php

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 138/148 & Forecasting

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 138/148 & Forecasting
Date: 17 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
In the 70s, I got sucked into helping Endicott with 138/148 ... and then they wanted me to run around the world giving presentations to business forecasters. They had original wanted to included virtual machines with every machine shipped from the factory (sort of like current mainframe LPARS) ... however they were overruled by corporate. Forecasters in US regions basically said that they would forecast whatever corporate said was strategic. However, in world trade, forecasters said there would be essentially zero forecasts w/o additional competitive features (there was extensive clone mainframe competition). Endicott explained to me that in the US (regional forecasts), actual machines weren't committed until shipped to the customer. Bad regional forecasts, manufacturing plant had to "eat" (and regional forecasters were never really held accountable). In world trade, country forecasts result in "country" orders to the manufacturing plant. Bad forecast met the country had to eat problem and forecasters could loose their job. In the US, regional forecasters could get promoted for "strategic" forecasts (no matter how bad they were).

old 138/148 (ECPS microcode) post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Quality Efforts

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Quality Efforts
Date: 17 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Most of the quality efforts was manufacturing exactly reproducing the same exact results everytime.

1970s, congress enacted import quotas for US car industry to reduce competition to enormously increase profits that the industry would use to completely remake themselves, but they just pocketed the money and continued business as usual. As a result, in the early 80s there was a call for 100% unearned profit tax on the car industry. 1990 the industry had the C4 taskforce to look at completely remake themselves and because they were planning on heavily leveraging technology, they invited representatives from major technology vendors. In the meetings they were very articulate about what the competition was doing right and what the US industry needed to do to change. One of the examples was that the US industry was taking 7-8 years from initial design to rolling off the lines (typically with two projects in parallel offset 3-4 years so it looks like things were happening more quickly, with cosmetic changes in between). They used corvette as example of the problems it caused. The industry had pretty much spun off their part business which was operating independently. The tight corvette tolerances (which was also starting to be characteristic of all models) met that parts for the original design no longer existed and latest parts no longer fit, requiring expensive redesign and delays. Foreign competitive had cut the total elapsed time in half and in 1990 were in the process of cutting the elapsed time in half again. This met that foreign competition could respond much more quickly to changing technology and/or market preferences. Offline I would kid our mainframe brethren how could they expect to help when they had similar lengthy process.

auto c4 taskforce posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

another factor cited in foreign competition "How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers"
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers
To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver

... snip ...

some recent Toyota problem solver posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#8 How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#44 Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CMS\APL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CMS\APL
Date: 17 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
CMS had blip function (back to mid-60s) which (on 2741) default would periodically wiggle 2741 golfball.

science center also ported APL\360 to CMS as CMS\APL ... opening workspace size to full virtual memory size, but APL\360 storage management, garbage collection had to be redone for virtual memory demand page environment ... and also added API for system services (including file r/w). The combination opened APL to real world applications ... and science center also opened the system to remote dialin. One of the most prominent was business modeling group in Armonk which loaded the most sacrosanct corporate data on the cambridge system, implementing business models in APL\CMS. Since the cambridge system also allowed professors, staff, and students from local Cambridge area universities ... it required strong online security.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

23June1969 unbundling announcement resulted in charging for (application) software, SE services, etc. One of the problems was IBM training of new SEs was sort of apprentice/journeyman as part of large SE group at customer location ... but couldn't figure out how to not charge for such IBMers at the customer location. The solution was HONE, online access from branch office to guest operating system in virtual machines. However, they also started offering CMS/APL-based marketing & sales support applications on HONE ... which eventually came to dominate all HONE activity (and virtual guest use just withered away). In the mid-70s the US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto (trivia: when FACEBOOK moved to silicon valley, it was into a new bldg built next door to the former HONE datacenter). HONE was enhanced to support single system image, load balancing, fall-over support across eight two-processor systems sharing large disk farm, possible largest in the world, although such support wasn't released to customers for possibly another three decades).

HONE &/or APL posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Note: Cambridge took a lot of criticism from the pure APLers for the form of the system services API, which was eventually replaced with "shared variables" (originally in APL\SV).

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Management Training

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Management Training
Date: 17 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Early 80s, I was introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. First time I tried to do it through employee education. At first they agreed, but as I provided them more information about Boyd's briefings (including how to be successful in competitive environment), they changed their mind. They said that IBM spends a great deal of money training managers on how to handle employees and exposing general employees to Boyd's briefings would be counter productive. They suggested that I limit the audience to senior members of competitive analysis departments (which I didn't). First time, was just the all day Patterns of Conflict briefing ... but he was also in the process of working on his Organic Design For Command And Control. The second time, included both briefings crammed into single day.

Spinney tribute to John Boyd (for those with subscriptions)
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives "free" at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
other trivia, John Boyd's Art of War, Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

John would also talk about being very vocal about the electronics across the trail not working. Possibly as punishment he was then put in command of "spook base" (he would comment that it had the largest air conditioned bldg in that part of the world). Boyd biographies claim that "spook base" was a $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (in 60s dollars). ref gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
also Operation Igloo White
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Boyd posts & URLs from around the web
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 18 Jun 2018 09:35:16 -0700
mausg writes:
In antropology, there have been interesting writing from the like of Margaret Mead and Claude Levi-Strauss. It was pointed out later that both based their writing on brief visits to their places of interest, after which they went home and wrote for the rest of their lives.

trivia: sitting on rooftop garden watching sun go down ... Margaret Mead's offices at NHM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/nhm3.jpg

Margaret Mead's offices

other trivia, they close off some avenues around the bldg for inflating the balloons for t-bird day parade.

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3380 failures

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3380 failures
Date: 18 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Note TYMSHARE started offering its CMS-based online computer conferencing free to (ibm user group) SHARE in AUG1976 as VMSAHRE ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I got agreement with TYMSHARE to get monthly tape of all VMSHARE files for making available on internal systems/network, including HONE. The biggest problem I had was with IBM lawyers who were concerned that customer information would contaminate IBM employees.

3380 had surface "sticktion" problems in addition to HDA problems.

trivia: when I transferred to SJR, they let me wander around IBM and customer locations in Silicon Valley. One of the places was the disk engineering and product test labs in bldg 14&15. At the time they were running around the clock, 7x24 prescheduled mainframe stand alone testing. At one point they had tried running under MVS, but found that it had 15min MTBF (requiring manual re-ipl). I offered to rewrite I/O supervisor to make it completely bullet proof and never fail so they could do anytime, on-demand, concurrent testing greatly increasing productivity (I then wrote internal-only report of the results and unfortunately mentioned MVS 15min MTBF which brought the wrath of the MVS organization down on my head). Also although it was used extensively internally, it never shipped to customers. The disk engineers then got in the habit of calling me in to play disk engineer and diagnose their problems (since everything was running under my systems). old posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

trivia ... FE had regression test of comingly expected 57 simulated 3380 errors ... and in all cases MVS was still failing (requiring re-ipl) ... and in 2/3rds of the cases leaving no indication of the failure ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801015

and more from long ago and far away:
Date: 27 October 1983, 00:48:56 PDT Subject: 3380s - Here and there (i.e., ours and some customers')

The question came up in Tuesday afternoon's meeting about whether or not the two separate boxes of 3380s with which we've had troubles were of the original upgraded (engineering) models or new boxes off the production line. XXXX tells me that they're both new boxes off the assembly line. He has also corrected me on the one man week's efforts to correct the problems; he says that it's already CLEARLY 2 man week's efforts - and he's got a MINIMUM of 3 man days left (if all goes well).

Also, the question of reliability/HDA losses, etc.: I'm appending excerpts from VMSHARE concerning precisely this issue.

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Cornell has both 3375s and 3380s. We have a full string of 3375s, configured with ALTCU/3375D used for ADABAS/VM. We have a string of 3380s with and AA4 mainly used by MVS under VM on a 4341.

We have had data loss on both types of drives. IBM's claim that the 3380s never (repeat never) break is pure BS. Unfortunately one does not have a r/o switch with the 3380s and neither drive allows you to logically turn off individual logical addresses. What this means is that you can not keep a drive from being recognized at IPL time if the VOLUME name is in the SYSOWNed list...

Some hardware designer should have his back side planted on the moon.

The 3375s have better capacity utilization at all block sizes compared to the 3380s. (92 percent at 4k). The large track size (47,000 plus) of the 3380s work against good usage in MVS with small data sets.

All in all, the jury is still out on the 3380s for us. 3380s are a Poughkeepsie pig, and the 3375s are from Endicott, home of the 4341s.

Richard Alexander (607) 256-3748.

*** APPENDED 05/08/83 21:52:18 BY CUN ***

We just replaced a 3380 HDA due to a head failure. The CE had to do 3-4 hours of diagnostics before he could get permission to replace the HDA, and then had to get a sign-off from one of the factory engineers in San Jose, so I am willing to believe that this is an unusual occurrence. Backleveling 600MB of data is still traumatic, however.

Chris Thomas / UCLA

*** APPENDED 09/19/82 11:17:03 BY UR ***

You will find that the fans and motors are relatively noisy, so your operators will appreciate them being located as far as possible from their consoles. Since they don't have attention buttons (the 3380s, not the operators), there is little need to have easy access to them. The heat output seems less than an equivalent floor space worth of 3330s or 3350s, so air conditioning shouldn't be a problem. I would recommend that any high-density DASD be placed as far as possible from machine room traffic, to minimize vibration, although I am not aware of any specific problem. We placed ours in the most remote corner of the machine room.

We do not believe in EPOing our DASD, since we think it is best that they be powered up and down as little as possible. You will find that 3380s (and 3880s) don't have power on/off switches. I suggest that if you don't EPO your 80s, you have operations and FE agree on what switches to throw (and in which order) to accomplish power up/down; it will require opening the covers. One caution: I am sending you a hardcopy of a warning from the Hardware EWS (page 80A07) concerning eprobable circuit damage from switching the wrong circuit breakers. Your CE should be aware of this problem, but just in case, you might want to remind him.

We have had only three problems with our 3380s, all of which occurred shortly after installation. Only one resulted in data loss. One was a card which was bad from installation; it caused seek check logouts. The second problem was a r/w head which failed solid about a week after installation. The heads are thin-film tech, which means they are ICs with built-in amplifiers. There was no warning prior to the failure, just a single logout which said "No change in write current for x microseconds" and then solid I/O errors. This problem was corrected by replacing the HDA. The third problem was a data check in a home address. We eventually corrected it by manually rewriting the skip displacement information to remove a skip displacement in the HA area. There is currently a "discussion" going on between the plant and DSF development. The plant claims that DSF's skip displacement routine should have been able to correct the error. Latest word is that there may be a microcode problem with skips in the HA area.

Regards, Chris

*** APPENDED 05/18/83 07:39:44 BY PU ***

We started getting a severe rash of PGU001 and PTR008 abends. It turned out they were caused by 3380 I/O errors and faulty error recovery by CP.

One thing to remember about 3380s: they get MANY more errors than any other type of DASD we have ever installed. The error recovery must be flawless.

Jim Best Pratt & Whitney

*** APPENDED 09/28/83 05:23:02 BY PWC ***

... snip ... top of post, old email index --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 18 Jun 2018 11:48:38 -0700
hancock4 writes:
When it comes to history, how does one identify 'bias' and separate it out from fact?

today there is biased/unbiased discussion about stalingrad and how much was hitler responsible ... started off with this youtube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQ3-TqeZqeA

I've quoted before about how papa kennedy was collaborating with Hitler when he was ambassador to great britain ... but that information was classified until relatively recently ... so there was all sort of speculation about papa kennedy's dramatic change ... referenced in a couple recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#67 IBM's Chief Executive's Message to Shareholders 75 Years Ago

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Pentagon Can't Account for $21 Trillion (That's Not a Typo)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Pentagon Can't Account for $21 Trillion (That's Not a Typo)
Date: 18 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Pentagon Can't Account for $21 Trillion (That's Not a Typo)
https://www.truthdig.com/articles/the-pentagon-cant-account-for-21-trillion/

basic background ... in the 90s, (the republican) congress passes law requiring all federal agencies pass financial audits ... DOD has never yet to pass such an audit (period mentioned in article). In 2014/2015 there were lots of claims that DOD would be able to pass such a financial audit 2017 ... but that never happened ... and there is little news now about when it might (if ever).

2013-2014 time-frame the commandant of the marine corps insisted on press release that marine corps had passed such an audit ... over the objections of lots of people. that claim had to be retracted later.

2002, (the republican) congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (completely different republican congress that had previously passed the law, spending could not exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report was that 2003-2009 congress cuts tax revenue by $6T and increased spending by $6T for a $12T gap compared to the fiscal responsible budget. CBO report also found that of the DOD appropriation increase, it couldn't find anything to show for trillion dollars (as if it evaporated crossing the potomac, this is much less relaxed standard than official financial audit)

By 2005, US Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget).

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

as an aside, they do account for something like $60B in pallets of shrink wrapped $100 bills airlifted to Iraq last decade. It was used for things like tributes and bribes to reduce violence during the "surge" (analogous to Romans along the northern border). There are no receipts for who received that money.

Note that not just term limits but even worse is "revolving doors". The first major legislation passed after letting fiscal responsibility act lapse was 2003 Medicare Part-D. CBS 60mins had segment on 18 republicans responsible for getting it passed. Just before the final vote, they insert one line change and prevent CBO from distributing report on effect of the change. They then show drugs under part-D (which doesn't allow competitive bidding) that are three times the price of identical drugs available under competitive bidding programs. They then found that within 6months of the bill, all 18 republicans had resigned and were on drug industry payroll (term limits wouldn't have precluded the activity, but rules against revolving doors might have).

US Comptroller General then talks about Medicare Part-D was enormous gift to the drug industry and that it will come to be a long term $40T, totally swamping all other budget items.

medicare part-d posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d
US Comptroller General posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

other term limit shortcomings ... spring 2011, new (republican) speaker of the house on weekend local DC radio news program comments that he is placing the newly elected Tea Party darlings on the tax committee, as a reward because those tax committee members get the largest amount of money from special interests (paying for tax loopholes).
https://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/18/opinion/18mon1.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grover_Norquist

2008 there was lengthy TV news coverage of federal taxes suggesting move to "flat tax". There were some shortcomings of "flat tax" but the elimination of loopholes more than compensating for any shortcomings (and selling loopholes was major factor in congress being called most corrupt institution on earth). Besides the graft & corruption selling of tax loopholes, there are now so many loopholes in the tax code that it is claimed 3% of GDP is lost dealing with the tax code (because of all the loopholes) and another 3% of GDP lost making non-optimal business decisions to conform to loopholes.

The problem facing congress now is that they have outright sold so many tax loopholes, they are loosing customers. They now want to change to reoccurring revenue ... where special interests have to make periodic payments to maintain their tax loopholes.

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax havens, tax loopholes, etc, posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
Date: 18 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
https://www.amazon.com/China-Mission-Marshalls-Unfinished-1945-1947-ebook/dp/B073VXPBL2/

loc75-80:
In a matter of weeks, Marshall had achieved what even cynics were calling a miracle. Under his guiding hand, the Nationalists and Communists agreed to a cease-fire in a civil war that had raged on and off for two decades. They settled on the principles of a democratic government, listening as Marshall explained the Bill of Rights and read aloud from Benjamin Franklin's speech to the Constitutional Convention of 1787: "It therefore astonishes me, Sir, to find this system approaching so near perfection as it does." They signed off on a plan to merge their troops into one national army. Mao told his followers that they were entering "a new stage of peace and democracy."

loc88-91:
On the airstrip that morning, Marshall could see the way to a different future. There would be no Chinese civil war and no Communist China. Autocrats would become democrats. An enduring alliance between the United States and China would serve as a pillar of stability in Asia. China would help keep order and calm across the globe, Chiang and Mao a bridge between the Americans and Soviets.

loc92-96:
But history would flow from Churchill's words that day, not Marshall's. Over the next ten months of his "short" mission, Marshall's achievements would collapse. The agreements he brokered would fracture. Civil war would come after all. There would be talk of World War III, of American boys fighting Soviet boys on Chinese battlefields. A few years later, Mao and the Communists would conquer China. Soon enough, American boys would fight Chinese boys on Korean battlefields. Millions of Chinese would perish in the throes of revolution.
... snip ...

Milton Miles book ("A Different Kind of War") first half was about going into china to setup coastal watchers but then spent much of the rest training 50,000 guerrillas fighting the Japanese. He then spends the last half of the book about how OSS and Army gave china to the communists. They came in and wanted to take over the whole (nationalists) operation. The US Navy and Nationalists rebuffed them, so to get something they could take credit for, they support the communists.
https://www.amazon.com/different-kind-war-little-known-guerrilla/dp/B0007IYOFW/
https://books.google.com/books/about/A_Different_Kind_of_War.html?id=U4pBAAAAIAAJ

However, after defeat of Germany, there was belief that US still needed the Soviets to defeat Japan and there was some amount placating Stalin (including helping Chinese Communists). In Manchuria there was 1.5M Soviets fighting 1M Japanese. By comparison Okinawa, US had 600k fighting 76k Japanese. This covers a lot of Soviets in WW2, including Manchuria (after Germans had been defeated) "free pdf"
https://history.army.mil/html/books/070/70-89-1/index.html
kindle
https://www.amazon.com/HISTORICAL-PERSPECTIVES-OPERATIONAL-ART-ANTHOLOGY-ebook/dp/B0086W3GX2/

Marshall backs Wedemeyer & the Army, Wedemeyer testimony Dec 1947, possibly realizes what was done wrong
http://web.archive.org/web/20110203103817/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,804381,00.html
Marshall is SECSTATE (1947-1949) and State puts out white paper trying to absolve State of blame for giving China to the communists
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/

There would have been no Korean war, no domino theory, no vietnam?

Note: my wife's father was command of engineering combat group in Europe, and after defeat of Germany, he was sent over in 1946 as military adviser ("MAGIC") to Chiang Kai-shek and he brought his family over in 1947 to live in Nanking.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

some past posts mentioning MAGIC:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#37 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#38 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#51 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#51 How would you succinctly desribe maneuver warfare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#60 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#67 IBM's Chief Executive's Message to Shareholders 75 Years Ago

other past posts mentioning "A Different Kind Of War"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#47 WWII
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#55 WWII
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#81 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#56 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#57 About Unconventional warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#61 Bill Slim and WWII's Forgotten Army - One Of The Most Successful Commanders Of The War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#64 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Study Confirms Most Psychopaths Live in Washington D.C

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Study Confirms Most Psychopaths Live in Washington D.C.
Date: 19 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Study Confirms Most Psychopaths Live in Washington D.C.
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-06-18/study-confirms-most-psychopaths-live-washington-dc

At one of the international financial standards meetings hosted by major financial DC lobbying group ... we were asked to step out of the meeting because there was somebody there to see us. We were taken to an office, the door shut and was introduced to somebody from a NJ ethnic group. He said that some investment bankers had asked him to talk to us. I had been vocally criticizing some internet technology that was being used by company that had a upcoming internet IPO (this was in the midst of the internet bubble) and the investment bankers were expecting $2B but my criticism was predicted to have a 10% downside ($200M), and would I please shutup. It was nothing personal ... purely business.

I went to some federal LEOs ... and they said that investment bankers are like that (amoral sociopaths).

Sometime later I was asked to help try and stop the upcoming economic mess (we failed). Some of the investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype for a year or two, IPO, and then fail ... to leave the field clear for the next round of IPOs) and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages. Turns out being able to pay for triple-A rating (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony) allowed them to sell the securitized mortgages into the bond market (even to operations restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments, like institutional pension funds) and were able to do over $27T 2001-2008.

(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

last decade, another family member presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis, proportionally there should have been 70,000 criminal convictions (with jailtimes), so far nobody has even been charged.

local DC news (most frequently weekend radio) will refer to DC politics as Kabuki Theater, what you see publicly has little to do with what is really going on, fabricated political conflict is distraction for the public, more akin to Roman circus.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabuki_dance

Kabuki theater posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Having learned 20yrs earlier, and both Bush1 & Bush2 as example, move to non-gov email servers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Having learned 20yrs earlier, and both Bush1 & Bush2 as example, move to non-gov email servers.
Date: 19 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Having learned 20yrs earlier, and both Bush1 & Bush2 as example, move to non-gov email servers.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillary_Clinton_email_controversy

The First E-mail Scandal, Long Before Hillary Clinton: Iran/Contra
https://www.thenation.com/article/the-first-email-scandal-long-before-hillary-clinton-iran-contra/
In Iran-Contra ... evidence was in PROFS backups, The guy running executive dataprocessing was charged with recovering files from PROFS backups
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oliver_North#Iran.E2.80.93Contra_affair

This shows up again in 90s Clinton administration, and Hillary's assistant is wiping/disappearing backups, 100,000 lost in the 90s, because backup was "misconfigured" ttp://www.judicialwatch.org/blog/2008/01/clinton-white-house-lost-emails-too/ Hillary's email scandal -- of the 1990s! Exclusive: Larry Klayman tells of 1 million messages 'lost' from White House server
http://www.wnd.com/2016/06/hillarys-email-scandal-of-the-1990s/
The Other Clinton Email Scandal You May Not Know About
http://ijr.com/2016/06/624529-this-isnt-the-first-clinton-email-scandal/

new processes was making it increasingly hard to compromise gov. servers, so approach is to move to non-gov. servers

Politicos squabble over 'missing' White House e-mails
https://www.cnet.com/news/politicos-squabble-over-missing-white-house-e-mails/
The George W. Bush White House 'Lost' 22 Million Emails
http://www.newsweek.com/2016/09/23/george-w-bush-white-house-lost-22-million-emails-497373.html
Special Report: G.W. Bush's 103.6 million missing email messages and the IT archiving challenge
http://www.zdnet.com/article/special-report-g-w-bushs-103-6-million-missing-email-messages-and-the-it-archiving-challenge/
Bush White House email controversy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bush_White_House_email_controversy
Missing White House Emails
http://www.pbs.org/weta/washingtonweek/web-video/missing-white-house-emails
Disappearing White House Emails Timeline
https://www.emptywheel.net/2008/01/17/disappearing-white-house-emails-timeline/
Group Sues White House to Restore Missing Emails; National Security Archive says White House must reactivate its email archiving system
http://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/group-sues-white-house-to-restore-missing-emails/d/d-id/1128976

Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.newsweek.com/trump-emails-rnc-reince-priebus-white-house-server-548191
Weak White House email domain security 'poses a national security risk': Study
https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/weak-white-house-email-domain-security-poses-a-national-security-risk-study

email server posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#69 Rotary phones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#75 Rotary phones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#33 U.S. house decommissions its last mainframe, saves $730,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#73 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#92 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#18 FBI Rewrites Federal Law to Let Hillary Off the Hook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#21 FBI Rewrites Federal Law to Let Hillary Off the Hook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#36 Whitehouse EMAIL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#25 How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#68 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#71 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#41 Iran/Contra and Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#34 The First E-mail Scandal, Long Before Hillary Clinton: Iran/Contra

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Symposium: Clear Regulations Protect Freedom, Not Restrict It

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Symposium: Clear Regulations Protect Freedom, Not Restrict It
Date: 19 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Symposium: Clear Regulations Protect Freedom, Not Restrict It
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2018/06/symposium-clear-regulations-protect-freedom-not-restrict-it.html

Rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime ... but it required SEC do something. Joke was it was actually an enormous gift to the audit industry, requiring more expensive audits. However, possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of fraudulent financial filings ... showing fraudulent filings even increased afer SOX went into effect. Less well known is SOX also required that SEC do something about the rating agencies, but they did as little about them as it did about fraudulent financial filings.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enron

In the Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the rating agencies played in the economic mess, there was testimony that the rating agencies were selling triple-A for things they knew weren't worth triple-A. There was also testimony that it is lot harder to regulate an industry when they are motivated to do the wrong thing. Ratings are for the beneift for the buyers and were originally payed for by the buyers. Then the rating agencies changed to having the sellers pay for the ratings and the rating agency business process became misaligned ... the ratings were supposedly still for the benefit of the buyers, but the rating agencies had realigned their business process with the sellers.

In Feb2009, congress also had the Madoff hearings and had testimony from the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Madoff

Note #2 on Time's list of those responsible for the economic mess ... now better known for GLBA (and repeal of Glass-Steagall), but on the list for legislation that blocked regulation of CDS gambling bets (credit default swaps)
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
chair of CFTC raised the issue of regulation and was quickly replaced by #2's wife
https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Mercatus_Center#Connections_to_NFIB_and_Environmental_Deregulation

while he gets legislation passed blocking it, originally billed as gift for enron:
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html
Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
... snip ...

she then resigns and joins Enron board (and audit committee) ... ref gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/
A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this, the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in attendance fees
... snip ...

It was then used in the economic mess. Paying for triple-A ratings on securitized mortgages allowed no longer having to care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality ... being able to pay for triple-A and sell off everything into the bond market. Then they find they can design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell into the bond market, and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (now they cared about borrowers' qualifications). AIG was the largest holder of CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document saying they can't sue those making the bets and take TARP funds to pay off at 100cents on the dollar. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by the SECTREAS.

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 20 Jun 2018 12:17:40 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
i had been blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s ... it really exploded after a "trip report" I distributed about visit to see Jim; from IBMJargon:

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#70 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From long ago and far away:
Date: 23 May 1983, 11:58:52 EST From: <Sydney VM support> To: wheeler

recall seeing something a while ago (about the time of the TANDEM saga) about UNIX on IBM systems, and think the info came from you.

Was the reference only to the TSS RPQ or something else?

Have a situation here where university (currently DEC 10, PDP-11, and VAX users) are out to tender. Interested in getting UNIX on whatever system they buy. $2M. We will bid VM but will probably also need MUSIC just to meet active terminal response time requirements. Have you had any dealings with MUSIC? Any comparative studies vis-a-vis CMS? Lots of student users to be supported.

As always, any comments most welcome .. Thanks.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

AT&T had contracted with IBM for stripped down TSS kernel (SSUP) that they would layer UNIX on top (with SSUP managing resources, forking, pipes, etc). Then AT&T got somewhat distracted by Amdahl UNIX (code name "GOLD", i.e. for Au), unix port guest running VM370 virtual machine (one of the issues was that adding EREP, error logging, error recover, etc, was several times the effort of straight UNIX port, but running in VM370 virtual machine, sort of got all that for "free").

IBM Palo Alto also was doing a UC Berkeley BSD port with lots of additions to VM/370 for something similar to the SSUP implementations (IX/370, forking, pipes, etc, directly supported by VM370 kernel). Before this ships, Palo Alto got redirected to do the BSD port to PC/RT (801/risc ROMP) workstations as alternative to AIX. Palo Alto then also does port of UCLA Locus (unix work alike) as guest operating system in VM370 virtual machine (again mainframe EREP effort was major issue, as opposed to merging a lot of UNIX function into the VM370 kernel) that ships as AIX/370 along with Locus port to Intel as AIX/386.

spring 1982 I hold internal advanced technology conference with presentations on some of this ... old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a John Hartmann's Birthday Party

old email with references to TSS SSUP, IX/370, &/or GOLD/AU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#email800310
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#email800317
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#email800404
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#email800408
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#email840109
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#email861209

One of the people responsible for HASP was then running a project he called RASP, virtual memory MFT (similar to VS1) but with native paged-mapped filesystem. He then left IBM for Amdahl ... and continued working on RASP-like operating system. I had suggested to the GOLD people that they talk to their RASP people doing implementation. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#email810408
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email820907
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#email820907
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email871111

other drift ... old post with list of corporate world-wide locations that added one or more network nodes during 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8
past posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

other drift, recent posts in IBM Retiree group on subject of EREP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#18
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#86

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Private sector needs a little sumthin' sumthin' to get it sharing threat intel - US security chap

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Private sector needs a little sumthin' sumthin' to get it sharing threat intel - US security chap
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 20 Jun 2018 15:49:30 -0700
Private sector needs a little sumthin' sumthin' to get it sharing threat intel - US security chap
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/06/20/international_panel_cyber_week/
That's what chief exec Ciaran Martin told Israel Cyber Week during a panel on international cooperation alongside his counterparts in the US and Singapore and industry execs on Tuesday. Much of the discussion focused on intelligence sharing between the private sector and government.

Christopher Krebs, newly appointed Undersecretary at the National Protection & Programs Directorate in America's Department of Homeland Security, said that even though the technical people and board members might want to share threat intelligence with the government, corporate lawyers (general counsels) were a consistent roadblock.

... snip ...

At financial industry critical infrastructure protection meetings in white house annex
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection

... major concern was that the threat/exploit sharing database not be subject to FOIA ... not to keep it from the bad guys (which already had the info), but from the public (didn't want to damage the trust that the public have in our institutions).
https://www.fsisac.com/
FI-ISAC Announces World's First Threat Information Sharing Group for Central Banks, Regulators and Supervisors.
... snip ...

We had also been brought in to help wordsmith some cal. state legislation. At the time they were working on "electronic signature", data breach notfication", and "opt-in personal information sharing". Some of the other participants were heavily into privacy issues and had done indepth public surveys. The #1 issue (for them) was identify theft, primarily the kind involving "fraudulent financial transactions" as a result of breaches. At the time, little or nothing was being done and it was hoped the the publicity from the notifications would motivate corrective action. The issue is that entities take security measures in self protection, but in the cases of those breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public.

More recently there have been dozen or so data breach notification" bills introduced in congress that would (also) pre-empt state legislation, none passed so far ... half similar to the cal. state legislation and half that would effectively eliminate notification (by requiring notification only in the case of breach with a combination of a long list of personal information that never actually occurs).

data breach notification posts
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More Immigration

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More Immigration
Date: 20 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#58 We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages

Original settlement, Jamestown ... English planning on emulating the Spanish model, enslave the local population to support the settlement. Unfortunately the North American natives weren't as cooperative and the settlement nearly starved. Then they switched to sending over some of the other population groups from the British Isles essentially as slaves ... the Crown charters had them as "leet-men" ... Why Nations Fail,
https://www.amazon.com/Why-Nations-Fail-Origins-Prosperity-ebook/dp/B0058Z4NR8/
pg27:
The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social structure. At the bottom were the "leet-men," with clause 23 noting, "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations."
... snip ...

not specifically Indian, (Clauswitz) "On War", from intro of the 1908 edition ...
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8/
loc394-95:
As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the State.
... snip ...

the government needed general population standard of living sufficient that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the capitalists in raising the general population standard of living

... and Sheridan knew the US Army wasn't a match for the plains warriors ... so strategy was to attack villages, killing women and children
https://www.amazon.com/Comanche-Empire-Lamar-Western-History-ebook/dp/B001HZZ05C/
loc4690-93:
When planning Comanche campaigns, the U.S. Army was able to draw on its rapidly accumulating experience in fighting the Plains Indians. The Lakota wars had revealed that regular soldiers, although armed with Colt revolvers and Winchester repeating rifles, were a poor match for the highly motivated and mobile Indian warriors
... snip ...

... history written by the winners ... aided by disease and genocide. Book has "Comanche Empire" more advanced that the Spanish and French they were dealing with for much of the 1600-1700 period.

I've used the above reference in the Boyd groups ... during the 80s he was major part of the "military reform" movement and the 1990 Marine Corps commandant leveraged him for a ("maneuverists") make-over of the corp. Parady of the conflict between the attritionists and the maneuverists that appeared in Marine Corps gazette:
https://www.mca-marines.org/gazette/attritionist-letters-archives
also archived here
https://fabiusmaximus.com/2011/05/11/27461/

My wife's father was presented with a set of 1880 history books for some distinction at West Point by the Daughters Of the 17th Century
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org/

they refer to if it hadn't been for the influence of the Scottish settlers from the mid-atlantic states, the northern/english states would have prevailed and the US would look much more like England with monarch and strict class hierarchy. His ancestry was wave of Scotts that left in one of the English genocide of Scotts (in one of the Blackadder episodes they had "what does English do when they see a man in a skirt?, they run him through and nick his land").

other posts mentioning "leet-men"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#15 Imbecilic Constitution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#17 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#61 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#84 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#62 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#38 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#123 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#12 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#32 Star Trek (was Re: TV show Mannix observations)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#10 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#40 Equality: The Impossible Quest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#68 The true story behind Thanksgiving is a bloody struggle that decimated the population and ended with a head on a stick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 21 Jun 2018 09:24:59 -0700
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
Lots of those with no physical injuries were still badly messed up by the experience.

son-in-law 1st tour was fallujah 2004-2005 and 2nd tour was Baqubah 2007-2008, worse than fallujah but because administration said things were better, didn't get the same coverage (there was something like $60B in pallets of shrink wrapped $100 bills airlifted to Iraq, during the surge used for tribute & bribes in some parts of Iraq to reduce violence, right out of Roman Empire).

for some reason, Amazon isn't currently listing ebook version: Battle for Baqubah, Killing Our Way Out
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-1SG-Robert-Colella/dp/1469791064/
The author and his fellow Bonecrushers watched as the city went from sectarian fighting amongst the Shiite and Sunnis, to an all-out jihad against the undermanned and dangerously dispersed US forces within Baqubah and the outlying areas.
... snip ...

one of the observations was that Abrams M1 (US main battle tank) were so vulnerable ... that they took to running the route before taking Abrams out for a drive. they were also loosing so many bradleys that they were starting to get replacement mothballed original bradleys from desert storm (with different communications).

he was foot patrol in Fallujah ... but (bradley) "mounted" in Baqubah.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M2_Bradley
he was kidded for keeping repairing his bradley
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M2_Bradley#M2A3
parting out other destroyed vehicles from the bone yard, loc5243-54:
I was overwhelmed at the amount of destruction that surrounded me. The sterile yard was about 150 meters wide by about 100 meters deep, and it was packed full of destroyed vehicles (words can't describe what I saw)
...
I saw other Bradleys and M1 Abrams main battle tanks, the pride of the 1st Cavalry Division -- vehicles that, if back at Fort Hood, would be parked meticulously on line, tarps tied tight, gun barrels lined up, track line spotless, not so much as a drop of oil on the white cement. What I saw that day was row after row of mangled tan steel as if in a junkyard that belonged to Satan himself.
... snip ...

topic drift ... one of Boyd "acolytes" was pentagon purchasing for bradley ... he was graduate of 1st USAF academy class and on fast track to general when he says Boyd destroyed his career by challenging him to do what is right. He then writes a book about it
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/
HBO dramtized it in movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
Burton and Pentagon Wars, Corrupt From Top to Bottom
http://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html
But the larger story Mr. Burton recounts is enormously sad. After spending 14 years at the Pentagon in the business of buying weapons, he concludes that it is "a corrupt business -- ethically and morally corrupt from top to bottom." The reform movement he championed has faded. A culture of deception persists at the Pentagon, he says, and his courageous jeremiad mourns the likelihood that this culture will triumph in the end.
... snip ...

Boyd posts and URLs from around the web
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

part of the Iraq problem was the fabricated WMDs ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd

invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for the WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had disappeared ... and then large artillery shells start showing up in IEDs.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Before the invasion, White House Chief of Staff Card's cousin was dealing with Iraq in the UN and given proof that the WMDs (tracing back to the US in Iran/Iraq war) were decommissioned. The cousin supplied the information to the white house and then was locked up in military hospital. The cousin finally gets out and publishes a book in 2010
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

The decommissioned WMDs had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified until fall of 2014 (four years after Card's cousin published book about the decommissioned WMDs).
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

The original justification for Iraq was they supported Al-Qaeda (and it would only cost $50B, now the two wars are moving past 100 times that, talk about over budget). MIC wanted the invasion so badly that corporate reps were telling former soviet block countries that if they voted for the invasion, they would get NATO membership and directed appropriation USAID (which could only be spent on military equipment from US makers).

military-industrial(-congressional) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military-industrial-complex

a few past Baqubah refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#40 Stop Believing in the Many Myths of the Iraq Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#42 Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#20 Military Contractors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#10 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#2 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#81 What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 21 Jun 2018 19:49:50 -0700
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
And 2001 was in 1968. I was in the Navy at the time. Probably saw it in one of the big theaters in San Deigo.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#76 George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful

was undergraduate ... but had been working fulltime for university, responsible for ibm mainframe (academic & administration) systems ... then got hired into small group at Boeing attached to CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computing Services (consolidate all dataprocessing in an independent business unit to better monetize investment). 747#3 was flying skies of seattle getting FAA flt certification. 1969 saw 2001, a space odyssey downtown seattle cinerma (when I graduate, I join science center at MIT rather than staying at Boeing). some recent posts mentioning BCS:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#28 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#25 OFF TOPIC: Spring Break, 1947

30 yrs later, 1999 was working with financial outsourcing company and did temporary assignment in Seattle ... working with a Seattle area crypto company and m'soft on electronic commerce and online banking. The seattle area crypto company did a lot of Kerberos work (including contract do m'softs initial kerberos implementation). trivia: at the time, the CEO of the crypto company ... in prior life had been head of POK mainframe and then head of Boca & PS2. Saw "Star Wars", Episode I at the same (restored) theater that had seen 2001:
https://www.wired.com/1999/04/paul-allen-restores-a-relic/

I had seen original star wars
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_Wars_(film)

in the 70s at san jose century 22,
http://cinematreasures.org/theaters/9024

also saw raiders of the lost ark at century 22, sitting in front row (some of the scenes from front row were overwhelming)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raiders_of_the_Lost_Ark
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raiders_of_the_Lost_Ark#Visual_effects_and_sound_design

and some of the people I had worked with and/or knew, were then working at Industrial Light & Magic up in Marin
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_Light_%26_Magic

other trivia: in 1999 I was also doing financial standards and financial transaction security chip. Had booths at that year's BAI (world-wide retail banking) show ... press release with some of the companies (including a couple seattle area companies)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#217 AADS/X9.59 demo & standards at BAI (world-wide retail banking) show
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#224 X9.59/AADS announcement at BAI this week
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#229 Digital Signature on SmartCards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 21 Jun 2018 21:21:57 -0700
hancock4 writes:
In reading books both by and about McNamara, it sure seems Vietnam was a huge blunder based on political contingency (the Democrats didn't want to appear weak on communism*) and stupidity (the government was focused on other issues and purged all experts**).

• When China fell to the communists, the Republicans made a major campaign issue about it, accusing the Dems of "losing China". The Dems were determined not to repeat that mistake, thus Kennedy and Johnson escalating the U.S. involvement. Johnson knew damn war the war was unwinnable, yet still escalated it to avoid a political loss.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#96 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam

also references McMaster's thesis: Dereliction of Duty: McNamara, the Joint Cheifs of Staff ... Johnson was advised that couldn't win Vietnam (wasn't military issue) ... but in world opinion it was better to fight and loose.
https://www.amazon.com/Dereliction-Duty-Johnson-McNamara-Chiefs-ebook/dp/B004HW7834/

post with lots of references LBJ had tapes of Nixon (treason) getting to stall the Paris Peace talks (at least until after the elections).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947

also mentions Milton Miles book ("A Different Kind of War") ... 1st half about setting up coastal watchers and then training guerrillas to fight japanese ... 2nd half about oss & US army giving china to communists (1943-1945). One of Miles criticism was US Army vetoed incorporating a large group of Chinese military into Nationalists and so then went over to the communists. It was that Chinese military group that then fought US in Korea.

and after Germany was defeated, US believed that it still needed Soviets to defeat Japan ... and so there was some amount of placating Stalin. In Manchuria there was 1.5M Soviets fighting 1M Japanese. By comparison Okinawa, US had 600k fighting 76k Japanese.

other recent refs to Soviets, Japanese, and Manchuria:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt

Marshall then retires and Truman sends him of as special Ambassador to China to try and "fix" the situation. Then Marshall is SECSTATE 1947-1949 ... focused on Europe and Marshall Plan ... State turns out white paper "absolving" State for giving china to communists.
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/

There would have been no Korean war, no domino theory, no vietnam?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 22 Jun 2018 10:04:20 -0700
Gareth's Downstairs Computer <headstone255.but.not.these.five.words@yahoo.com> writes:
And then Britland having the mandate in the Middle East is responsible for all the strife there since WWII, from the way in which the Earth was carved up.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#96 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#99 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

recent ref
http://www.garlic.com/2018c.html#59 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History

... recently rewatched first episode of Reilly, Ace of Spies on netflix
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reilly,_Ace_of_Spies

1901, he has stolen Russia oil surveys and brought them back England ... the Navy was really interested in the middle east oil.

Churchill takes credit for the mess in the middle east, predates WW1, navy switch from 13.5inch guns to 15inch guns required larger ship needing switch from coal to oil

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started before WW1, loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.
... snip ...

Iran elected leader was going to review the Anglo-Persian contracts ... CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf senior) trained
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK
Savak Agent Describes How He Tortured Hundreds
https://www.nytimes.com/1979/06/18/archives/savak-agent-describes-how-he-tortured-hundreds-trial-is-in-a-mosque.html

Iran eventually revolts against the horribly violent and repressive British/American regime. US then backs Saddam/Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs (note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 22 Jun 2018 11:56:46 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
It seems like it's not Communism, but simply Russia that's the problem. I'm not really sure why we can't just all get along, but it seems like if we say "black" they say "gold" automatically. Geopolitically there really shouldn't be many conflicts of interest.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#96 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#99 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

periodic posting ... recent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#75 Nassim Nicholas Taleb

about was Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin (Russia needed somebody that could standup to the capitalist looters that Harvard was sending over).

June 15, 2014 quote from Nassim Nicholas Taleb
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nassim_Nicholas_Taleb
"Never debate the ignorant in front of the uninformed: the crowd can't tell who won the argument". Syrian Proverb

(It makes so much sense but I wish I was aware of it before engaging Larry Summers.) (This is the first aphorism here that is not mine.)

... snip ...

he wrote: "Fooled by Randomness"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fooled_by_Randomness
and "The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Black_Swan:_The_Impact_of_the_Highly_Improbable
and "Antifragile"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antifragile

Summers was protegee of Rubin at the treasury ... and becomes SECTREAS after Rubin helps CEO of CITIBANK in the repeal of Glass-Steagall ... and after that gets going, Rubin resigns as SECTREAS to become what was reported at the time was co-CEO of CITIBANK. Then Summers later as President of Harvard was involved in what has been referenced "Is Harvard Responsible For Rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on looting the country. "John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine"
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

"How Harvard lost Russia"; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

Pecora Hearings &/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
Date: 22 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
https://consortiumnews.com/2018/06/20/the-persistent-myth-of-u-s-precision-bombing/
In 2003, Rob Hewson, the editor of Jane's Air-Launched Weapons, estimated about 20-25 percent of the U.S. and U.K.'s "precision" weapons were missing their targets in Iraq, noting that this was a significant improvement over the 1999 bombing of Yugoslavia, when 30-40 percent were off-target. "There's a significant gap between 100 percent and reality," Hewson said.
... snip ...

During desert storm, Pentagon had claims about precision bombing that it was 100 times better than WW2 and only needed 1/100th the bombs to do the same amount of damage. Note that desert strom was 43days and only the last 100 days was land war. GAO desert storm air effectiveness study had A10s doing over million 30mm DU shells (@$13/shell, $13m total) and 5000 Maverick missiles (@$144,000, $72M). The DU shells were so effective that Iraqi crews were walking away from their tanks (as sitting ducks, later description of fierce tank battles with coalition forces taking no damage, don't mention if Iraqi tanks had anybody home). There was also a problem with Marericks that accounted for some number of friendly fire deaths (friendly fire deaths from precision bombing also in the current wars).
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134

There was also claims that every Patriot fired hit its target, then MIT did study that many missed, and that they couldn't even find conclusive proof that any actually hit. There were claims that some Patriot explosions may have been close enough to throw SCUD off target ... but SCUDs were so inaccurate that off target was standard.
http://tech.mit.edu/V112/N26/postol.26n.html

Early claims for the US 1943 Strategic Bombing program that it wouldn't even need to invade Europe to win the war ... however it was nearly impossible to hit targets from 5-6 miles up. European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075

loc2582-85:
The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.
... snip ...

Then possibly to help justify the strategic bombing program (1/3rd of all US WW2 spending went to 4engine heavy strategic bombing), McNamarra was Le May's staff planning fire bombing German and Japanese cities (almost impossible for fire bombs to miss a whole city). McNamara then leaves for the auto industry, but comes back as SECDEF for Vietnam and Laos becomes the most bomb country in the world (more tons dropped than Japan and Germany combined).

There have some estimates that number of bombs dropped in the 17yrs of the current wars, exceed the total number of Al-Qaeda & Taliban combined ... and it is exhausting stockpiles.

Note that Boyd would tell a story (similar to Patriot). He was asked to review the latest USAF air-to-air missile, they show him detailed specs and a film where the missile hits flares on drone everytime and claims that it hits everytime. He said that it would hit less than 10% of the time. They say he just saw the film where it hit everytime. He says replay the film and stop just before the missile hits the flare ... and asks them what kind of missile guidance. They say "heat seeking". He asks what kind of "heat seeking" and eventually gets them to say "pin-point". He then asks them what is the hottest part of a jet. They say the engine. He says "no", it is in the plume 30yrds behind the jet; the only time the missile will hit is when they are shooting straight up the tail pipe. They then gather up all the material and leave. Roll forward to Vietnam and Boyd is proved correct. Eventually the 1star in Vietnam grounds all the USAF fighters until they are converted from USAF missile to Navy widewinder (which has better than twice the hit rate). The 1star lasts 3months before he is recalled to the Pentagon. He had violated a fundamental principle of the Pentagon, reducing USAF budget ... and even worse, increasing Navy budget (i.e. Pentagon perception of Vietnam war was mostly focused on size of their budgets, lots of losses was even benefit).

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Spinney tribute to John Boyd (for those with subscriptions)
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives "free" at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
other trivia, John Boyd's Art of War, Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

note: Trump's Military Drops a Bomb Every 12 Minutes, and No One Is Talking About It
https://www.truthdig.com/articles/trumps-military-drops-a-bomb-every-12-minutes-and-no-one-is-talking-about-it/
2001-2008: 24bombs/day, 8,750bombs/year, 70,000 total 2009-2016: 34bombs/day, 12,500bombs/year, 100,000 total 2017-2018: 121bombs/day, 44,096bombs/year,

2009-2016 got off to slow start, but 2016 ended with 26,171 bombs
https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/u-s-bombed-iraq-syria-pakistan-afghanistan-libya-yemen-somalia-n704636
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/jan/09/america-dropped-26171-bombs-2016-obama-legacy

but the following year 2017, nearly had doubled. 20,640 by july 31st
http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/08/09/donald-trump-is-dropping-bombs-at-unprecedented-levels/

Already more bombs than enemies ... so precision must already be almost non existent ...also note every 12 seconds (instead of minutes) would 60 times 44,096, or 2.6M bombs/yr. If they had done that for full 17yrs, it would have been 45 million bombs. The reference about destroying in order to save has been several times in Vietnam and some in Syria. one of many, "American Reckoning: The Vietnam War and Our National Identity"; loc663-67:
Kennedy quoted the American officer's line about Ben Tre and then expanded it to raise fundamental questions about the entire war: "If it becomes 'necessary' to destroy all of South Vietnam in order to 'save it,' will we do that too? And if we care so little about South Vietnam that we are willing to see the land destroyed and its people dead, then why are we there in the first place? . . . Will it be said of us, as Tacitus said of Rome: 'They made a desert and called it peace'?" The cheers were deafening.
... snip ...

also, The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam, pg459/loc8358-60:
A few years later, at the height of the American war in 1968, an anonymous Army major would be quoted saying, "It became necessary to destroy the town to save it." The philosophy embodied in those chilling words was already evident in Operation Starlite.
... snip ...

Churchill claims original credit for the mess in middle east ... started before ww1, Great Britain needed to convert its navy from coal to oil ... and got it from Persia. US then helps in early 50s, when elected leader of Iran wanted to review the British contract ... and he was overthrown (with help from CIA). To help keep the Shah in power, US trains the SAVAK (Norman Schwarzkopf senior). Iran eventually revolts against the horribly violent, repressive and corrupt British/American regime. US then backs Saddam/Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war ... including supplying WMDs. Later same people that helped supply Iraq, use the excuse of those WMDs to invade Iraq.

MIC wanted Iraq invasion so badly corporate representatives were telling former Soviet block countries that if they voted for invasion in the UN, they would get NATO membership and directed appropriation USAID (can only be spent on military weapons from US makers). Besides dropping every bomb in the inventory (forcing big new appropriation) ... it also was as trivial as also using up the huge WW2 stockpile of 50cal ... which also needed to restart those lines.

trivia: before invasion, White House had been given proof that the WMDs (tracing back to the US and the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. From the law of unintended consequences; invaders were originally told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs ... when they get around to going back, over million metric tons had disappeared ... later large artillery shells start showing up in IEDs. The decommissioned WMDs had actually been found early in the invasion, but information was classified until fall of 2014.

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
Date: 22 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#101 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing

Not that it has a lot to do with whether there is precision or indiscriminate bombing, Vietnam started with Eisenhower and then continued through administrations of both parties (including tapes of Nixon treason working with Vietnam to undermine Paris Peace talks). Nixon treason reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

On Strategy: A Critical Analysis of the Vietnam War, loc1800-1802:
President Eisenhower and General Ridgway were looking at the situation in Vietnam in the traditional military frame of reference. Their concern was U.S. ability to "destroy the enemy's armed forces and his will to fight."
... snip ...

The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War, loc3400-3402:
Had Foster accepted the Geneva accord and persuaded Eisenhower to do so, the United States could have avoided involvement in Vietnam. Instead he resisted it, did not consider the United States bound by its provisions, and ultimately acted to subvert it.

loc3443-48:
This was the moment at which United States involvement in Vietnam became a Dulles project. Foster and Allen decided to throw in their lot with Diem. They persuaded Eisenhower. That set a fateful course. Long-secret documents from mid-1954 make clear that both sides realized they were heading toward a clash. In August the National Security Council, where Foster and Allen held decisive influence, adopted a directive entitled "U.S. Policies Toward Post-Geneva Vietnam," which declared that France must be made to "disassociate" itself entirely from Vietnam so the United States could fight Ho in its own way.
... snip ...

Note: during the 20s through the early 40s, John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding German industry and military. loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

Not just Dulles, June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis (and circumvent the neutrality laws)
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:

One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become "a river of blood," other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.

... snip ...

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldof-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "in god we trust" to money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.

Fron the law of unintended consequences, when the US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed industry and military target locations in Germany, they got the information from wallstreet (having funded and developed the projects).

The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
https://www.amazon.com/China-Mission-Marshalls-Unfinished-1945-1947-ebook/dp/B073VXPBL2/
loc92-96:
But history would flow from Churchill's words that day, not Marshall's. Over the next ten months of his "short" mission, Marshall's achievements would collapse. The agreements he brokered would fracture. Civil war would come after all. There would be talk of World War III, of American boys fighting Soviet boys on Chinese battlefields. A few years later, Mao and the Communists would conquer China. Soon enough, American boys would fight Chinese boys on Korean battlefields. Millions of Chinese would perish in the throes of revolution.
... snip ...

Milton Miles book ("A Different Kind of War") first half was about sent into china to setup coastal watchers but then spent much of the rest training 50,000 guerrillas fighting the Japanese. He then spends the last half of the book about how OSS (Donovan) and Army (Wedemeyer) gave china to the communists. They came in and wanted to take over the whole (nationalists) operation. The US Navy and Nationalists rebuffed them, so to get something they could take credit for, they support the communists. From the law of unintended consequences, the US Army vetoed a Chinese army group from Japanese occupied territory from joining the Nationalists ... so they joined the communists (played a role in tipping things in favor of the communists). Later it was that army group that was sent to Korea to fight the US.

However, after defeat of Germany, there was also belief that US still needed the Soviets to defeat Japan and there was some amount placating Stalin (including helping Chinese Communists). In Manchuria there was 1.5M Soviets fighting 1M Japanese. By comparison Okinawa, US had 600k fighting 76k Japanese. This covers a lot of Soviets in WW2, including Manchuria (after Germans had been defeated) "free pdf"
https://history.army.mil/html/books/070/70-89-1/index.html
kindle
https://www.amazon.com/HISTORICAL-PERSPECTIVES-OPERATIONAL-ART-ANTHOLOGY-ebook/dp/B0086W3GX2/

Marshall backs Wedemeyer & the Army, Wedemeyer testimony Dec 1947, possibly realizes what was done wrong
http://web.archive.org/web/20110203103817/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,804381,00.html
Marshall is SECSTATE (1947-1949) and State puts out white paper trying to absolve State of blame for giving China to the communists
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/

There would have been no Korean war, no domino theory, no Vietnam

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 22 Jun 2018 19:40:09 -0700
hancock4 writes:
I certainly can understand that in the 1950s, early 1960s that the US wouldn't want Vietnam going communist. But if they had the smarts to take a good true look at the situation, they would've known then the best thing would've been to stay away. Unfortunately, the US did not have the smarts, plus there were some selfish leaders who wanted the US involved for their own glory.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#96 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#99 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#100 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

On Strategy: A Critical Analysis of the Vietnam War, loc1800-1802:
President Eisenhower and General Ridgway were looking at the situation in Vietnam in the traditional military frame of reference. Their concern was U.S. ability to "destroy the enemy's armed forces and his will to fight."
... snip ...

The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War, loc3400-3402:
Had Foster accepted the Geneva accord and persuaded Eisenhower to do so, the United States could have avoided involvement in Vietnam. Instead he resisted it, did not consider the United States bound by its provisions, and ultimately acted to subvert it.

loc3443-48:
This was the moment at which United States involvement in Vietnam became a Dulles project. Foster and Allen decided to throw in their lot with Diem. They persuaded Eisenhower. That set a fateful course. Long-secret documents from mid-1954 make clear that both sides realized they were heading toward a clash. In August the National Security Council, where Foster and Allen held decisive influence, adopted a directive entitled "U.S. Policies Toward Post-Geneva Vietnam," which declared that France must be made to "disassociate" itself entirely from Vietnam so the United States could fight Ho in its own way.
... snip ...

along the way there is Nixon's treason, working with North Vietnam to subvert the Paris Peace talks, multiple news URLs/refs.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

Note: during the 20s through the early 40s, John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding German industry and military. loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

Not just Dulles, June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis (and circumvent the neutrality laws)
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become "a river of blood," other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.
... snip ...

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldof-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "in god we trust" to money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.

Fron the law of unintended consequences, when the US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed industry and military target locations in Germany, they got the information from wallstreet (having funded and developed the projects).

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OS/360 PCP JCL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: OS/360 PCP JCL
Date: 23 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
during the 60s, almost every new OS/360 release would break some JCL in production jobstream ... as a result there had to be lots of testing of each new release to find the gotchas.

Spring undergraduate, I took 2hr fortran intro to programming ... univ. had 1401/709 combo, 1401 front end to 709 handling unit record, reader, punch, printer. tape move to 709 which ran ibsys tape->tape. univ was getting 360/67 to replace 1401/709 combo. that summer as part of transition they got 360/30 to replace the 1401 and I got assembler programming job to rewrite the 1401 MPIO in 360 assembler, I got to design and implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, dispatchers, storage management, error recovery, etc. They could have continue to run 360/30 in 1401 emulation mode ... but I guess it was part of gaining 360 experience. I eventually had 2000 card (box, slightly less than full tray) assembler ... with conditional assembly that could run completely stand alone (started with BPS loader) or under OS/360 PCP pcp release 6. The stand alone version took 30 minutes to assemble (release 6, 360/30). The os/360 version took an hour to assemble (including additional 5-6 minutes for each DCB macro). recent MPIO post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#86 OS/360

Following spring I was hired fulltime to be responsible for the production academic & administration systems ... including sysgens. I tore apart MFT 11 sysgen and rebuilt so I could run it in release 9.5 production jobstream (rather than the starter system) ... and carefully reordered the execution steps and move/copy statements to optimize files & PDS members order on disk to improve disk performance. part of old SHARE presentation on cp/67 & OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Student fortran jobs had been taking less than second tape-tape 709 fortran ibsys. Initial move to 360/67 (running as 360/65 with os/360) ... took over minute. Adding HASP cut elapsed time approx. in half ... little over 30seconds. Careful redone sysgen (optimize disk arm operation) got it down to little over 12 seconds. One of the problems was applying the constant flow of PTF (temporary fixes) would change location of PDS members (and location entry in PDS directory) messing up throughput optimization. There was sort of a race whether a new release came out first (requiring a new carefully optimized sysgen) or PTFs had degraded throughput so much that I would have to do a new optimized sysgen of the current release (with all PTF/fixes applied)

It wasn't until we got Waterloo's WATFOR installed that student fortran elapsed time got down to less than what they were running on the 709.

other old posts mentioning WATFOR:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#22 Pre S/360 IBM Operating Systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#28 IA64 Self Virtualizable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#21 Reviving the OS/360 thread (Questions about OS/360)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#93 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#175 amusing source code comments (was Re: Testing job applicants)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#45 Charging for time-share CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#52 Review of Steve McConnell's AFTER THE GOLD RUSH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#22 Golden Era of Compilers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#12 checking some myths.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#33 Waterloo Interpreters (was Re: RAX (was RE: IBM OS Timeline?))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#53 WATFOR's Silver Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#54 WATFOR's Silver Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#1 WATFOR's Silver Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#3 The problem with installable operating systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#31 Collating on the S/360-2540 card reader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#48 AMD/Linux vs Intel/Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#53 origin of the UNIX dd command
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#16 CPU time and system load

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 25 Jun 2018 14:31:37 -0700
hancock4 writes:
(By the way, the NYT reported that VP Mike Pence ALSO used a private email server for official confidential government communications. Yet that doesn't seem to bother anyone and it was never investigated.)

Having learned 20yrs earlier, and both Bush1 & Bush2 as example, move to non-gov email servers (knew perfectly well what they were doing)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillary_Clinton_email_controversy

The First E-mail Scandal, Long Before Hillary Clinton: Iran/Contra
https://www.thenation.com/article/the-first-email-scandal-long-before-hillary-clinton-iran-contra/
In Iran-Contra ... evidence was in PROFS backups, The guy running executive dataprocessing was charged with exmaining PROFS backups for anything might be covered by congressional subpoena
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oliver_North#Iran.E2.80.93Contra_affair

This shows up again in 90s Clinton administration, and Hillary's assistant is wiping/disappearing backups, 100,000 lost in the 90s, "claiming" backup was "misconfigured"
http://www.judicialwatch.org/blog/2008/01/clinton-white-house-lost-emails-too/
Hillary's email scandal -- of the 1990s! Exclusive: Larry Klayman tells of 1 million messages 'lost' from White House server
http://www.wnd.com/2016/06/hillarys-email-scandal-of-the-1990s/
The Other Clinton Email Scandal You May Not Know About
http://ijr.com/2016/06/624529-this-isnt-the-first-clinton-email-scandal/

gov. processes was making it increasingly hard to compromise gov. servers (to loose email), so approach is to move to non-gov. servers (20-30 yrs experience, absolutely knew what they've been doing, everything else is obfuscation and misdirection).

Politicos squabble over 'missing' White House e-mails
https://www.cnet.com/news/politicos-squabble-over-missing-white-house-e-mails/
The George W. Bush White House 'Lost' 22 Million Emails
http://www.newsweek.com/2016/09/23/george-w-bush-white-house-lost-22-million-emails-497373.html
Special Report: G.W. Bush's 103.6 million missing email messages and the IT archiving challenge
http://www.zdnet.com/article/special-report-g-w-bushs-103-6-million-missing-email-messages-and-the-it-archiving-challenge/
Bush White House email controversy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bush_White_House_email_controversy
Missing White House Emails
http://www.pbs.org/weta/washingtonweek/web-video/missing-white-house-emails
Disappearing White House Emails Timeline
https://www.emptywheel.net/2008/01/17/disappearing-white-house-emails-timeline/
Group Sues White House to Restore Missing Emails; National Security Archive says White House must reactivate its email archiving system
http://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/group-sues-white-house-to-restore-missing-emails/d/d-id/1128976

Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.newsweek.com/trump-emails-rnc-reince-priebus-white-house-server-548191
Weak White House email domain security 'poses a national security risk': Study
https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/weak-white-house-email-domain-security-poses-a-national-security-risk-study

some recent past threads:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#21 FBI Rewrites Federal Law to Let Hillary Off the Hook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#25 How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#41 Iran/Contra and Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#34 The First E-mail Scandal, Long Before Hillary Clinton: Iran/Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#91 Having learned 20yrs earlier, and both Bush1 & Bush2 as example, move to non-gov email servers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
Date: 27 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business

former coworker at science center & research, bullying part of US education (public and military) for enforcing conformity and stamping out creativity; It's Cool To Be Clever: The story of Edson C. Hendricks, the genius who invented the design for the Internet
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
another reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html

school systems focused on turning out capitalist workers, stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity, but had some trade-offs, On War
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8/
from intro, loc394-95:
As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the State.
... snip ...

the government needed general population standard of living sufficient that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the capitalists in raising the general population standard of living.

recent online history posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#40 Online History

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What did corporate America do with that tax break? Buy record amounts of its own stock

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What did corporate America do with that tax break? Buy record amounts of its own stock
Date: 27 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
What did corporate America do with that tax break? ; The White House promised '70 percent' of the tax cut would go to workers. It didn't.
https://www.nbcnews.com/business/economy/what-did-corporate-america-do-tax-break-buy-record-amounts-n886621
"More than 70 percent of this [tax cut] will be returned to workers," said White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders at a January press conference after the bill came into effect.
... snip ...

but that was not true, more detailed post from Jaunuary 2018, where it would be lucky to hit max of 3%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#18 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Frank Heart Dies at 89

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Frank Heart Dies at 89
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 28 Jun 2018 09:33:32 -0700
Charles Richmond <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
In 1969, Mr. Heart led a small team of talented young engineers to build the Interface Message Processor, or I.M.P., a computer whose special function was to switch data among the computers on the Arpanet. To this day, many of the principles Mr. Heart emphasized — reliability, error resistance and the capacity for self-correction — remain central to the internet's robustness.

Frank Heart was the manager at BBN of the three programmers (Will Crowther, Dave Walker, and Bernie Cosell) who put together the first successful software load for the IMP used on the ARPANET.


Frank Heart, Who Linked Computers Before the Internet, Dies at 89
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/25/technology/frank-heart-who-linked-computers-before-the-internet-dies-at-89.html
Mr. Heart demanded that I.M.P.s be made impenetrable, believing that curious graduate students would be tempted to poke around the machines to see how they worked and bring down the network with their tinkering.
... snip ...

former IBM co-worker was UC undergraduate in 1969 and hired to do IMP/Arpanet penetration testing.

other drift, early 70s, my wife worked for BBN on gov. contracts; SIGMA5/SIGMA7 lashup, PLI cross-compiler for Litton computers. They then asked her to go to Cambridge to inteview for the IMP/ARPANET group, but she didn't want to leave DC area. She eventually joined IBM gburg in 1973 on Future System project, working for Les Comeau (who had been involved in the original virtual machine implementations at the cambridge science center).

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
cambridge science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What did corporate America do with that tax break? Buy record amounts of its own stock

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What did corporate America do with that tax break? Buy record amounts of its own stock
Date: 29 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#107 What did corporate America do with that tax break? Buy record amounts of its own stock
also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#106 Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school

How the Germans Defined Auftragstaktik: What Mission Command is - AND - is Not by Don Vandergriff
http://www.lesc.net/blog/how-germans-defined-auftragstaktiki-what-mission-command-and-not

In his organic design for command and control briefing,
https://slightlyeastofnew.com/439-2/

Boyd would observe that there was rigid, top-down command and control going into WW2 in order to leverage the few military members with experience and training for handling the enormous buildup of members with no experience ... which continued long after WW2 ended. In the 80s, Boyd claimed that US corporate culture was being contaminated with rigid, top-down command and control by former military officers climbing corporate ladder (however, about the same time there were also articles about MBAs were starting to destroy corporations with myopic focus on short term numbers and financial engineering). The corollary is that only those at the very top knew what they were doing ... and has been used to justify the explosion in the ratio of top executive to worker compensation from 20:1 to 1000:1.

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
inequality posts
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The History of Junk Bonds and Leveraged Buyouts

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The History of Junk Bonds and Leveraged Buyouts
Date: 29 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
The History of Junk Bonds and Leveraged Buyouts
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S221256711501504X

The industry had gotten such a bad reputation during the S&L crises, that they renamed "junk bonds" to "high-yield bonds" and the industry renamed to private equity. Bloomberg TV just had segment with banner across the bottom of the screen that said "junk bonds" ... but all the people they interviewed wouldn't say "junk bonds" ... repeatedly saying "high-yield" bonds.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
private-equity pots
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The story of the internet is all about layers; How the internet lost its decentralized innocence

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The story of the internet is all about layers; How the internet lost its decentralized innocence
Date: 29 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
The story of the internet is all about layers; How the internet lost its decentralized innocence
https://www.economist.com/special-report/2018/06/30/the-story-of-the-internet-is-all-about-layers

a little topic drift, former coworker at IBM cambridge science center; bullying part of US education (public and military) for enforcing conformity and stamping out creativity; It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
another reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

Ed was responsible for the internal corporate network, larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s. Somebody from corporate hdqtrs visited to hear about how the internal network worked ... that was fluid and dynamically adaptable. At the end, corporate guy said he didn't believe it ... he claimed that to implement a centralized control infrastructure with all of those attributes would require more resources than were available in IBM.

Other trivia: original arpanet IMP/Host implementation (until great cut-over to internetworking protocol) had an issue that when anything happened in the network ... all the networking links would be saturated with administration protocol chatter (aka, didn't scale, protocol chatter growing non-linear as nodes added; in the late 70s ARPANET was approaching 100 IMP network nodes, which it had reached by the time of the 1983 cut-over to internetworking protocol, at the time, the internal network was 1000 network nodes all over the world).

cambridge science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

other topic drift; Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business
US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html

and ... Frank Heart, Who Linked Computers Before the Internet, Dies at 89
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/25/technology/frank-heart-who-linked-computers-before-the-internet-dies-at-89.html
Mr. Heart demanded that I.M.P.s be made impenetrable, believing that curious graduate students would be tempted to poke around the machines to see how they worked and bring down the network with their tinkering.
... snip ...

recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#108 Frank Heart Dies at 89

other drift, early 70s, my wife worked for BBN on gov. contracts; SIGMA5/SIGMA7 lashup, PLI cross-compiler for Litton computers. They then asked her to go to Cambridge to interview for the IMP/ARPANET group, but she didn't want to leave DC area. She eventually joined IBM gburg in 1973 on Future System project, working for Les Comeau (who had been involved in the original virtual machine implementations at the cambridge science center).

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NASA chief says he changed mind about climate change because he 'read a lot'

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: NASA chief says he changed mind about climate change because he 'read a lot'
Date: 29 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
NASA chief says he changed mind about climate change because he 'read a lot'
http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/391050-nasa-chief-on-changing-view-of-climate-change-i-heard-a-lot-of

note that "big oil" was being sued for damages from climate change. The judge ruled that he wasn't able to rule on holding "big oil" liable (no dispute that CO2 from burning fossil fuels was a major contributor to climate change).

Judge Dismisses Climate Suits Targeting Big Oil Companies
https://www.wsj.com/articles/judge-dismisses-climate-suits-targeting-big-oil-companies-1529979870
US judge throws out climate change lawsuits against big oil
https://abcnews.go.com/Technology/wireStory/us-judge-throws-climate-change-lawsuits-big-oil-56158116
Judge rules Big Oil can't be sued for climate change costs
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/judge-rules-big-oil-cant-be-sued-for-climate-change-costs/
U.S. judge tosses climate lawsuits by California cities, but says science is sound
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/06/us-judge-tosses-climate-lawsuits-california-cities-says-science-sound
San Francisco's Climate Case Against Big Oil Gets Dismissed
https://www.wired.com/story/san-francisco-vs-big-oil-climate-case-dismissed/
Even though the plaintiffs lost, it wasn't a total missed opportunity for environmentalists. In his ruling, Judge William Alsup didn't dispute the science of climate change and in fact the oil companies--including BP, Chevron, Exxon Mobil, Shell, and ConocoPhillips--don't either.
... snip ...

Our position on climate change
http://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/current-issues/climate-policy/climate-perspectives/our-position
Exxon Misled the Public on Climate Change, Study Says
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/23/climate/exxon-global-warming-science-study.html
ExxonMobil climate change controversy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ExxonMobil_climate_change_controversy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Comcast confirms major Xfinity outage nationwide

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Comcast confirms major Xfinity outage nationwide
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 30 Jun 2018 07:34:56 -0700
Comcast confirms major Xfinity outage nationwide
https://www.cnet.com/news/comcast-confirms-nationwide-outage/

I couldn't get to usenet server (and a couple other things) most of midday (east coast afternoon) ... but being on the west coast didn't seem to have that much affect.

read someplace that even wire transfers were affected ... apparently more & more financial institutions have moved operations to the internet.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge
Date: 30 June 2018
Blog: Facebook
Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge
https://fcw.com/articles/2018/06/29/irs-legacy-tech-rettig.aspx

beltway bandits have been running failed IT modernization efforts for at least three decades ... although major uptic after turn of the century, making more money off series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

mid-90s, we had consulted on back-end servers for 2000 census (20yr old stuff rolled out April1997 and new stuff rolled in so there was enough testing time). After turn of century, we had meeting with congressional VA staff about doing something similar for VA (they were coming off a failed billion dollar effort and gearing up for a couple billion dollar effort ... that also would fail).

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 30 Jun 2018 09:59:09 -0700
Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge
https://fcw.com/articles/2018/06/29/irs-legacy-tech-rettig.aspx

beltway bandits have been running failed IT modernization efforts for at least three decades ... although major uptic after turn of the century, making more money off series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
common excuses for failures (other than they are more profitable)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_Case_File#Reasons_for_failure

mid-90s, we had consulted on back-end servers for 2000 census (20yr old stuff rolled out April1997 and new stuff rolled in so there was enough testing time). After turn of century, we had meeting with congressional staff responsible for VA (lots of MUMPS) about doing something similar for VA (they were coming off a failed billion dollar effort and gearing up for a couple billion dollar effort ... that also would fail). This has some that were successful
https://www.oit.va.gov/about/history.cfm
and some that weren't
https://www.nextgov.com/it-modernization/2018/01/veterans-affairs-wasted-almost-2-billion-failed-it-projects/145626/

Also after the turn of century, we had meetings out at New Carrollton (large IRS complex) about reviewing problems with most recent IRS modernization effort ... 1) beltway bandit project management, 2) social, 3) technical. Beltway bandit had one or two people that knew what they were doing who wrote some specs but didn't spend adequate time understanding the business processes along with people assigned to work on it were fresh CS graduates (with little experience). Social was resistance by IRS IT people & domain experts that weren't being involved/included. Technical was lots of very obscure 360 assembler. older 1995 report
https://www.gao.gov/products/AIMD-95-156
and 1997
http://articles.baltimoresun.com/1997-01-31/news/1997031030_1_modern-computer-systems-irs-computers-paper-tax-returns
more recent, The IRS's Unusual IT 'Success Story' is Failing
http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/Articles/2013/11/26/IRS-s-One-IT-Success-Story-Failing

other failures
https://spectrum.ieee.org/riskfactor/computing/software/2018s-it-failures-have-a-familiar-look-already

Why Do Legacy Modernization Initiatives Fail?
https://www.pega.com/insights/articles/why-do-legacy-modernization-initiatives-fail

success of failure posts
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

part of uptic in success of failure after turn of century was uptic in private equity companies moving into government contracting market

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster.
... snip ...

another reference, after turn of century, huge uptic in outsourcing intelligence to for profit companies (70% of budget, over half of the people), significant number acquired by private equity companies ("barbarians" article have the companies employing prominent politicians lobbying congress, also references private equity acquired beltway bandit that will employ Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

the industry had gotten such a bad reputation in the S&L crises, they changed the name of "junk bonds" to "high yield bonds" and change the industry name to private equity. Friday, Bloomberg TV news had segment which had banner across the bottom saying "Junk Bonds" but all the people interviewed constantly said "high yield bonds" (and never once said "junk bonds)".

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Watch IBM's TV ad touting its first portable PC, a 50-lb marvel

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Watch IBM's TV ad touting its first portable PC, a 50-lb marvel
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 01 Jul 2018 12:08:01 -0700
Watch IBM's TV ad touting its first portable PC, a 50-lb marvel
https://www.fastcompany.com/90178913/watch-ibms-1970s-ad-touting-its-first-portable-pc-a-50-lb-marvel

Work was done at Palo Alto Science Center
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5100

The Cambridge Science Center (at MIT) had done virtual machines, internal networks, GML (invented there in 1969, letters from inventors last name, decade later morphs into ISO standard SGML, after another decade morphs into HTML at CERN), bunch of other stuff. 23June1969 unbundling announcement, started to charge for (applicatio software), SE services, other stuff. Prior to that SE training was part of large group onsite at customer shop. However, after unbundling couldn't figure out how to not charge for trainee SEs at customer shop. Solution was branch office online access to virtual machine guest operating systems at HONE (hands-on network experience) at various CP67 datacenters around the US. CSC had also ported APL\360 to CP67/CMS as CMS\APL with expansion of workspace sizes from 16kbytes to virtual address space size and API to system services (file i/o, etc). HONE then started to offer CMS\APL-based sales&marketing support applications ... which came to dominate all HONE activity (and guest operating system use withered away).

PASC then did APL\CMS for VM370/CMS as well as the APL microcode assist for 370/145 (370/145 with APL microcode assist ran APL programs as fast as 370/168). US HONE moved from CP67/CMS to VM370/CMS and consolidated all the US HONE datacenters across the back parking lot from PASC (trivia, when FACEBOOK moved to silicon valley, it was into new bldg built next door to the old HONE datacenter). It was the largest APL operation in the world ... eight large two-processor 370 loosely-coupled systems (sharing large disk farm) supporting single system image, load balancing and automatic fall-over (support that wasn't released to customers until some three decades later).

Other trivia, APL purists criticized the way CSC had implemented the system services API (in CMS\APL). This was eventually replaced with "shared variable" API in APLSV ... which was the implementation used in 5100
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5100#Emulator_in_microcode

HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
Cambridge Scientific Center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subotpic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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