List of Archived Posts

2018 Newsgroup Postings (05/14 - )

The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
Fair Seas and Following Wind John McCain
Has Microsoft commited suicide
Has Microsoft commited suicide
MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth
DOS & OS2
Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
America's 'War on Terror' Has Cost Taxpayers $5.6 Trillion,
How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver
Hell is ... ?
Fears of an Aggressive Iran Are Far Older Than the Islamic Republic Is
Hell is ... ?
3390 teardown
Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
Bill Black: Trump Admin Halts Investigation of For-Profit Colleges
Has Microsoft commited suicide
Has Microsoft commited suicide
3390 teardown
RCA and GE--why did they fail in computers?
68k, where it went wrong
Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance
Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
The Rise and Fall of IBM
8088 and 68k, where it went wrong
8088 and 68k, where it went wrong
Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk
The Medici Effect
MMIX meltdown
MMIX meltdown
MMIX meltdown
MMIX meltdown

The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
Date: 13 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in
Vietnam (Max Boot)
https://www.amazon.com/Road-Not-Taken-Lansdale-American-ebook/dp/B073VXL9RV/
pg497/loc9038-42:

When Lodge heard about Lansdale's plans to stage a free election, he
launched into a lengthy diatribe about how he and Lyndon Johnson had
spent most of their lives rigging elections. "Get it across to the
press that they shouldn't apply higher standards here in Vietnam than
they do in the U.S.," he instructed aides. 30 One of Lodge's closest
aides believed that "Lansdale wanted the reality of elections, while
Lodge was convinced we needed only the appearance of a democracy in
order to do what we had to do. Which wasn't the same thing."

... snip ...

good companion to: Dereliction of Duty: Johnson, McNamara, the Joint
Chiefs of Staff
https://www.amazon.com/Dereliction-Duty-Johnson-McNamara-Chiefs-ebook/dp/B004HW7834/

story: within year after a 2hr intro to computing, university hires me
fulltime to be responsible for their production mainframe
(admin&academic) computing sysetms, then Boeing hires me fulltime for
small group attached to CFO office to help with formation of Boeing
Computing Systems (consolidate all their computers into independent
business unit to better monetize the investment). I thought Renton
datacenter was possibly largest in the world with something like
$200M-$300M in IBM mainframes. Later I would meet and sponsor
Col. Boyd briefings at IBM. Boyd would talk about being very vocal
about electronics on the trail not working and possibly as punishment,
he is put in charge of spook base ... reference here (gone 404, but
lives on at wayback machine):
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
also Operation Igloo White
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Boyd biographies mention spook base was $2.5B windfall for IBM (ten
times Renton).

posts & URL mentioning Boyd (&/or OODA-loops)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

After graduating I join IBM science center at MIT in Cambridge. While
at university I rewrote a lot of mainframe code, which was
incorporated as standard product and shipped to customers; IBM would
even suggest some things I could do, which in retrospect may have
originated from these guys (which I didn't learn about until much
later, ref gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

Some of them even would show up at computer & security classes I would
teach. I was even asked to teach some in McLean. Offline at the class,
they would brag that they knew where I was every day of my life back
to birth (challenging me to choose any date) ... this was (not long)
before Church and I guess they felt it was justified because they used
so much of my software. One time I was teaching all day class in the
basement to couple score attendees. Mid-afternoon, about half the room
quietly gets up and leaves. Finally somebody informs me I can look at
it one of two ways: 1) half the room went upstairs to listen to the VP
or 2) half the room stayed to listen to me.

In the same period, IBM got a new CSO from the government (had been
head of presidential detail at one time). I was asked to go around
with him for a time, talking about computer security (while a little
bit of physical security rubbed off).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

They were also quite active in SHARE user group. SHARE normally had
three letter membership id, if possible their corporate letters, like
"IBM". However, they chose "CAD" (supposedly for "cloak and
dagger"). Note TYMSHARE starting offering their CMS-based online
computer conferencing system, free to SHARE in AUG1976 ... archives
here (will find many "CAD" entries)
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fair Seas and Following Wind John McCain

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fair Seas and Following Wind John McCain
Date: 15 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

Fair Seas and Following Wind John McCain
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2018/05/fair-seas-and-following-wind-john-mccain.html

Keating Five
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
William K. Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

It was Black who accused then-house speaker Jim Wright and five US
Senators, including John Glenn and John McCain, of doing favors for
the S&L's in exchange for contributions and other perks. The senators
got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one of those
bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called "Keating
Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get Black --
kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. Of course.

... snip ...

note also: VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge
of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

This century, another family member then presides over the economic
mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal
convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should
have 70,000.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has Microsoft commited suicide

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Has Microsoft commited suicide ...
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 May 2018 22:03:18 -0700

J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

If you've got a mainframe you're locked in.  COBOL doesn't exist in a
vacuum.  It's usually used in conjunction with CICS.

around turn of century I did some performance work for a datacenter that
ran 450k Cobol statement program every night on 40+ max configured IBM
mainframes, constantly being upgraded, none older than 18months
(@$30M). Number needed for finishing account settlement in the overnight
batch window (no CICS).

They had something like 80 people managing performane care and feeding,
doing execution hotspot analysis, tracking literature about cobol
performance tweaking etc. ... including lots of strobe
https://compuware.com/strobe-mainframe-performance-monitoring/

At the science center in the 60s & 70s, there was performance work in
number of areas, hotspot execution analysis, analytical modeling, and
multiple regression analysis. Since they were already do loads of
hotspot work and hired somebody else to do analytical modeling, i took
multiple regression analysis and asked for total system run times and
all the activity counts they could gather. Multiple regression analysis
turn up a hotspot function that was accounting for 21% of
processing. When they looked at the logic, they realized that they could
cut it to 7% ... a 14% savings. They had been so myopically focused on
the low/micro level instruction by instruction optimization that they
had lost sight of high/macro level.

One of the performance analytical (APL-based) modeling tools from the
science center in the early 70s was enhanced and made available on the
internal online sales&marketing support HONE system (as the performance
predictor). Branch people could enter configuration and workload
information and ask "what-if" questions about (configuration and
workload) changes. This went through several generations. Then with IBM
troubles in the early 90s, somebody in Europe had acquired rights to the
latest version, ran it through a APL->C converter and was running
performance consulting service ... and was the person brought in to the
same datacenter that I was doing the multiple regression analysis.  It
found something like another 7%. Total 21% on major application that
already had major, constant performance care&feeding

some of the science center work on configuration and workload profiling
eventually morphs into capacity planning. past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

other posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#64 Has Microsoft commited suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#69 Has Microsoft commited suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#106 Has Microsoft commited suicide

past posts mentioning 450k statement cobol application
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#50 Where can you get a Minor in Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#20 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#24 Job ad for z/OS systems programmer trainee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#81 Intel: an expensive many-core future is ahead of us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#5 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#76 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#20 IBM forecasts 'new world order' for financial services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#35 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#63 Collection of APL documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#45 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has Microsoft commited suicide

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Has Microsoft commited suicide ...
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 16 May 2018 19:24:01 -0700

hancock4 writes:

COBOL programs I wrote 35 years ago are still running, alongside
COBOL programs written 40 or 45 years ago.  There may be still some
assembler stuff 50 years old, written originally for RCA Spectra
(that was IBM compatible) still running.

With some 4GL and other mainframe packages, economics was a factor.
Many of those once independent packages have been acquired by CA
and they jacked up the license fees despite the software being
stabilized for years.

For example, today many once independent data centers have been
merged.  Today's Z systems do the work of multiple 3033's.  So
a company finds itself running multiple packages that do the
same thing, such as several report writer utilities.  They pay
high rent for each, and management wonders why not use a single
package?  However, the labor cost in conversion is high.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commited suicide

after falure of FS project, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

3033 started out remapping 168-3 logic 20% faster chips ...  some
additional optimization about it up to 4.4mips almost 50% than 168-3.
ten 3033 would be 44mips.

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017

single z14 processor @862MIPS is almost 200 3033 processors,
max configured z14, 34,000 3033 processors

earlier 4gl reference in a.f.c.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
and recent reference in ibm-com mailint list (also spread sheelt, visicalc)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#85 z/VM Live Guest Relocating

references offered on virtual machine based online systems ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOCUS

NCSS&IDC spin-offs of the science center, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
predates sql/relational ... which was done on vm370 at san jose
research ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

brief history of 4gl
http://www.decosta.com/Nomad/tales/history.html

One could say PRINT ACROSS MONTH SUM SALES BY DIVISION and receive a
report that would have taken many hundreds of lines of Cobol to
produce. The product grew in capability and in revenue, both to NCSS and
to Mathematica, who enjoyed increasing royalty payments from the sizable
customer base.

... snip ...

focus also also available on tymshare, another virtual machine based
online system
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymeshare

virtual machine based online system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

other reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth-generation_programming_language

other past 4gl posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#40 Gone but not forgotten: 10 operating systems the world left behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#54 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#55 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#26 Global Sourcing with Cloud Computing and Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#30 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#33 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#42 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#56 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#32 Speed of computers--wave equation for the copper atom? (curiosity)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#40 How Larry Ellison Became The Fifth Richest Man In The World By Using IBM's Idea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#27 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#107 some computer and online history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#29 Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#39 The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth
Date: 16 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in
data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth
http://www.businessinsider.com/morgan-stanley-amazon-facebok-cloud-data-center-2018-5

Note for over a decade, large cloud megadatacenters said that they
were assembling their own server systems for 1/3rd the price of brand
name systems. Then a couple years ago the server chip markers said
that they were shipping more than half their product directly to these
megadatacenters ... which likely contributed to IBM's decision to sell
off its sever business

other side-effect, is that the system cost has dropped so dramatically
that power & cooling has become increasing cost of their
megadatacenters ... so it pays for them to constantly replace their
systems as more power/cooling efficient implementations are available.

a megadatacenter has several hundred thousand systems and millions of
processors ... even best green efficiency still uses some
electricity. It even pays for them to build them in cool, low humidity
locations to improve cooling efficiency. As things get smaller (and
more efficient), they are just cramming increasing number of
processors in each system.

some recent megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#36 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#104 AW: mainframe distribution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#24 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#46 Slashdot: Business under-investing in I.T
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#106 Has Microsoft commited suicide

trivia: at time STL was built, the IBM convention was to name it after
local post office ... which was "coyote". However just before the lab
opens, the San Fran professional ladies union ("coyote") was
demonstrating on the steps of national capital in DC. Shortly later
name of the lab was changed to Santa Teresa.

Google was at forefront last decade ... they would do reliability
studies and total cost of ownership of components from lots of
different vendors and then publish public reports (like MTBF
statistics across hundreds of thousands of disks).

Facebook then got into it starting open compute project
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Compute_Project

Note after Jim Gray left IBM for Tandem ... he did study of failures
.... find that hardware reliability had significantly improved and
outages/availability had sifted from hardware to mostly people,
software, and environment.

copy of 1984 overview
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

Late 80s & early 90s when we were doing HA/CMP product and cluster
scaleup ... we also studied how things failed

Last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP (high availability / cluster
multiprocessing) using lots of RS/6000. At DEC91 ACM SIGOPS meeting
Jim Gray and I got into a little dustup over high availability
couldn't be done with off the shelf hardware ... had to be special
built. However at the time, he had moved on from Tandem was at DEC
database group which used VAX/Cluster hardware for availability. Then
DEC was sold to COMPAQ (and DEC database went to oracle) and Jim went
on sabbatical. Then a couple years later he shows up at microsoft and
is on stage with head of microsoft pushing windows/intel cluster high
availability.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

We were also doing cluster scaleup ... working with national labs on
technical/scientific and RDBMS companies on commercial scaleup. The
RDBMS groups had VAX/cluster support in the same source base as UNIX
implementation. To simplify their port I wrote a distributed lock
manager that implemented the VAX/cluster API ... however VAX/cluster
logic had a lot of issues with scaleup .... that I fixed. Problem was
that IBM mainframe groups complained that if I was allowed to go
ahead, it would be way ahead of them. First part of JAN1992, we had
meeting with head of Oracle with several people ... mentioned here in
this old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks of the Ellison meeting, cluster scaleup was
transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific
*ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than
four processors. A few months later we leave IBM.

trivia: two of the oracle people mentioned in the Ellison meeting have
later left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for
something called the "commerce server". We are brought in as
consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the
server. The startup had also invented this technology called "SSL"
they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic
commerce".

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DOS & OS2

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: DOS & OS2
Date: 18 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

Note DEC people point out that the head of the NT group was formally
the head of the VAX/VMS group ... and that some amount of NT is from
VMS. However the Sequent people (long before IBM bought Sequent and
shut it down) claimed credit for scalable ("tightly coupled")
multiprocessor support in NT.

I have old email exchange with the OS/2 group ... they had asked the
VM370 group about how to do multitasking ... and the VM370 group sent
the OS/2 people to me. past posts mentioning multitasking scheduler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

Note in the wake of failure of IBM's Future System project in the
mid-70s, head of POK managed to convince corporate to kill VM370
product, shutdown the Burlington Mall (burlington Mass) development
group and move all the people to POK (or otherwise they wouldn't ship
MVS/XA on time much later in the 80s). They weren't planning on
telling the people until just before the move to minimize the number
that might escape. However, the information leaked early and many
managed to excape (numerous going to the new VMS effort at DEC). There
is joke that the head of POK was one of the leading contributors to
VAX/VMS. Endicott eventually managed to obtain the VM370 product
mission but had to recreate a development group from scratch. past
posts mentioning Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

other trivia: before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing cp/m, kildall worked on cp67/cms at npg (gone 404,
but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School
cp67/cms (aka precursor to vm/370)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
before cp67/cms ... there was virtual machine, interactive computing cp/40
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

more trivia: PROFS group picked up some number of internal
applications, including very early copy of VMSG for the email
client. When the VMSG author tried to offer a much enhanced version,
they tried to get him fired (since they had taken credit for
everything). Things quieted down when the VMSG author showed that all
VMSG email carries his initials in non-displayed field.

RISC is more complicated. 801/risc presented at internal conference
1976, late 70s there was several efforts to use 801/risc as
microprocessors for controllers, microprogrammed engine for low &
mid-range 370s and microprocessor engine for S/38 followon, the
AS/400. For lots of reasons, all of these RISC efforts floundered and
returned to business as usual with custom CISC chips. Late 80s/early
90s, we were doing cluster scaleup for our RS/6000 HA/CMP product,
working with both RDBMS vendors for commercial cluster scaleup and
national labes for scientific/technical scaleup. Then within a few
weeks after this commercial scaleup meeting JAN1992 with head of
Oracle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

cluster scaleup is transfered, announced as IBM supercomputer for
scientific/technical *ONLY* and we are told we can't work on anything
with more than four processors. Part of the issue was that mainframe
commrecial was complaining that if we were allowed to go ahead, it
would be way ahead of them.

even more trivia: risc/801 Iliad chip was supposed to be used for
4361/4381 (4331/4341 followon). I helped prepare analysis that VLSI
had gotten to the point where it was possible to directly implement a
370 VLSI chip ... rather than microprocessor where 370 was implemented
in microcode (i've posted pieces of the document in the past).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
Date: 19 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known; A longtime Wall Street Journal
editor has some tips on navigating workplace issues, including rampant
gender bias, for her younger self--and everyone else
https://www.wsj.com/articles/workplace-advice-i-wish-i-had-known-1524841495

"Early in my career, my boss owned a sailboat and on weekends, he
liked to take along guys in the office."

... snip ...

Not just gender, when I graduated and first joined IBM, I drank the
kool-aid and got 3piece suits for customer calls. I'd do technical
presentations at SHARE and lots of customers liked me to wander by
their shops and talk technology. One was manager of one of the largest
(true blue, all-IBM) financial datacenters on the east coast. At one
point, the branch manager horribly offended that customer. The
customer decided it would teach IBM a lesson and be the first
non-university customer to order an Amdahl machine (it would be a
lonely red system in a vast sea of blue). I got called in and told to
go live onsite at the customer for 6-12 months. I said I was really
good friends with the customer and knew it would change nothing. I was
told that the branch manager was really good sailing buddy of IBM's
CEO and I needed to do this to obfuscate why the customer was ordering
an Amdahl machine. I said I still couldn't see any reason to do it. I
was told that if I didn't obfuscate why the customer was ordering an
Amdahl machine, it would ruin the branch manager's career (best buds
with IBM CEO) and I could forget about having any career in IBM. I
never wore a 3piece suit again, a long career offending lots of people
in IBM.

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books,
1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the
70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being
shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with
giving clone processor makers market foothold ... also significantly
tested IBM sales "FUD" (fear, uncertainty and doubt) marketing

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no
waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in
the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S
took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the
very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

and the 1st non-university, large commercial, true-blue IBM customer
to order one, they tried to blame on me ... obfuscation and
misdirection away from the branch manager. I had also continued to
work on 370 stuff all through the FS period, even periodically
ridiculing the FS stuff ... which also wasn't exactly career enhancing
activity.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's 'War on Terror' Has Cost Taxpayers $5.6 Trillion,

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's 'War on Terror' Has Cost Taxpayers $5.6 Trillion,
Date: 19 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

America's 'War on Terror' Has Cost Taxpayers $5.6 Trillion, And it's
earned us absolutely nothing
https://www.thenation.com/article/americas-war-on-terror-has-cost-taxpayers-5-6-trillion/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver
Date: 19 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

Psychology of Work; How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem
solver
http://www.bbc.com/capital/story/20180515-how-to-become-an-elastic-thinker-and-problem-solver?ocid=ww.social.link.facebook

How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't
want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have
adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies
that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a
tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the
work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to
the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous
emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver

... snip ...

little topic drift, late 70s congress placed restricted quotas on
Asian imports, purpose was to reduce low-cost imports and competition,
allowing domestic makers to significantly increase prices resulting in
enormous profits that they would use to completely remake
themselves. However, they just pocketed the profits and continue
business as usual. In the early 80s there was article (wash post?)
calling for 100% unearned profit on the domestic makers.

In 1990, the US auto industry called for C4 task force to look at
completely remaking themselves ... and because they planned on heavily
leveraging technology, they invited major technology vendors to send
representatives. In the meetings they could accurately describe the
Asian competition and what US industry needed to change (however as
seen by the auto bailouts, they still weren't able to change).

One of the issues was the US auto industry took 7-8yrs to go from
start to rolling off the line, typical with two parallel efforts
offset by 3-4yrs so it looked like something new more often. Foreign
competition had cut that in half, and in 1990 were in process of
cutting it in half again. They used corvette as example of the problem
with its especially tight space tolerances. Industry had spun off
their major part suppliers and in the long interval since initial
design, lots of parts had changed, resulting in redesign and further
delay and expense.

On this one, I got to use speed of OODA-loop references, including
able to react (four times) faster to changing customer preferences and
technology.

other trivia: in part motivating initial cutting development cycle in
half, Toyota realized that at the set quota, it could sell as many
high priced cars (as low priced) so they kicked off program to quickly
change their product (both quota restriction and competition moving
from low/entry to much more highly priced product, further enabled
domestic to significantly increase prices, w/o having to change
product).

auto c4 taskforce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce
posts & URL mentioning Boyd (&/or OODA-loops)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hell is ... ?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Hell is ... ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 19 May 2018 13:03:17 -0700

pechter@ascii.(none) (William Pechter) writes:

Sounds like IBM Global Services when I joined them for a short time in
the 90s...

Geniuses out of Boulder Colorado came in and did the proposals and setup
on the sysadmin/backup (tsm) etc... then left the untrained kids from
community college in Boulder to support the outside sysadmins hired with
no turnover or docs to run the live stuff and be on call 24x7.

trivia: late 70s I did CMSBACK for internal datacenters ... some old
email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cmsback

it went through several internal releases and then distributed (PC &
workstation) client support was added ... and released (from San
Jose/Almaden Research) to customers as workstation datasave (WDSF). It was then
picked up by the disk division ... when IBM was being re-orged into the
13 "baby blues" (in preperation for breaking up the company) ... and the
disk division had been rebranded ADSTAR and WDSF was rebranded ADSM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager#History

while new CEO reversed the overall breakup ... the disk division was
eventually still unloaded ... and ADSM was transferred to Tivoli part of
IBM and rebranded TSM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager#Product_details

posts mentioning backup/archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

note beltway bandits made fine science of better monetizing true domain
experts by teaching project formula classes to bunch of new graduates who
are the face of the workforce on projects ... with the true domain
expert showing up rarely or never.

saw huge upswing last decade with big uptic in outsourcing to beltway
bandits and government contractors. part was their limitations on
lobbying congress ... private-equity buying up some of the entities and
apparently no lobbying restriction on private equity owners (possibly
contributing was contacts with former employee, now president)

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George
H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III
on its employee roster.

... snip ...

including buying the beltway bandit that will employ snowden

the next innovation was the rapidly spreading success of failure
culture, a sequence of failures more profit than immediate success
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

so large number of low-skilled means lots more gov. contracts, lower
salary costs as well as excuse for failures.

intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people (including
private-equity owned company that employed Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

former AMEX president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

note also father of the president, previously former director of CIA,
vice-president, and then (also) president, in the 80s (while VP)
repeatedly claimed no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade, another family member presides over the economic mess, 70
times larger than the S&L crisis, proportionally there should have been
70,000 criminal convictions (with jailtimes), so far nobody has even
been charged.

s&l crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fears of an Aggressive Iran Are Far Older Than the Islamic Republic Is

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fears of an Aggressive Iran Are Far Older Than the Islamic Republic Is
Date: 19 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

Fears of an Aggressive Iran Are Far Older Than the Islamic Republic Is
https://warisboring.com/fears-of-an-aggressive-iran-are-far-older-than-the-islamic-republic/

Iran elected leader was going to review the Anglo-Persian contracts
... CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf
senior) trained
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning Anglo-Persian (oil) contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#16 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#59 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#90 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#104 Iran shrink-wrapped $100 Payments

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hell is ... ?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Hell is ... ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 19 May 2018 21:34:32 -0700

"RS Wood" <rsw@therandymon.com> writes:

For the edification of an outsider, who were the big 8? Who are the big 4?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#9 Hell is ... ?

accounting firm wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Four_accounting_firms

Big Eight
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Four_accounting_firms#Big_Eight
Big Six
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Four_accounting_firms#Big_Six
Big Five
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Four_accounting_firms#Big_Five
and finally Big Four
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Four_accounting_firms#Big_Four

The Enron collapse and ensuing investigation prompted scrutiny of their
financial reporting, which was audited by Arthur Andersen. Arthur
Andersen was eventually indicted for obstruction of justice for
shredding documents related to the audit in the 2001 Enron scandal.

... snip ...

Enron Scandal
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Enron_scandal

Note I've mentioned before working on both commercial (with RDBMS
vendors) and scientific/technical (with national labs) cluster scaleup
as part of our HA/CMP product
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/subtopic.html#hacmp

old post mentioning Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

a few weeks later, IBM transfers cluster scaleup, announces as
supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY* and we are told that we
can't work on anything with more than four processors. A few months
later we depart IBM.

Later, two of the Oracle people (referenced at the Jan1992 meeting) have
left and are at small client/server startup responsible for something
called "commerce server". We are brought in as consultants because they
want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also
invented this technology they called "SSL" they want to use, the result
is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Location reference in
Mountain view
http://allthingsd.com/20100826/tonight-the-lights-go-down-on-netscapes-silicon-valley-hq/

they start undergoing rapid growth and they hire Anderson (some company
involved in enron) who brings in a bunch of programmers, they are housed
in large warehouse bldg to rear/side of the main bldg ... with cubicles
setup up. Part of the issue is that the accounting firms were running
consulting business beside the audit business ... contributing to
conflict of interests.

Note that later, rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley
would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors
did jailtime, however it required SEC to do something.

Possible because GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, they start
doing reports of fraudulent public company financial filings, even show
that they increase after SOX goes into effect.

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
public company fraudulent financial reporting posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

still at it:

New Leak Reveals Luxembourg Tax Deals for Disney, Koch Brothers Empire
Latest "Lux Leaks" files obtained by ICIJ disclose secret tax structures
sought by "Big 4" accounting giants for brand name international
companies.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/luxembourg-leaks/

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3390 teardown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3390 teardown
Date: 20 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

3390 teardown
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBjoWMA5d84&feature=share

3390
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3390.html

3380->3390 3mbytes/sec to 4.2mbytes/sec higher bit density also
smaller disk can spin faster, 3390mod1, 3.78gbytes to 11.35gbytes,
mod2 double capacity

note: original 3380 had 20 track spacings between datatracks, then
spacing was cut in half and doubled number of tracks, for "K" spacing
was cut to 1/3rd original 3380 (and tripled number of tracks).
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3380c.html

trivia: father of 801/risc ropes me in helping him with idea for
"wide-head" ... read/writes 16 (closely-spaced) tracks
simultaneously. Every 17th track is servo track ... and wide-head
follows servo-tracks on both sides of the 16 data tracks. The problem
is that it worked out to 16 times data transfer of normal 3380
(i.e. 48mbyte/sec) ... which IBM channels couldn't handle ... even the
later ESCON only handled 17mbytes/sec.

1980, I was roped into do channel-extender support for STL. They were
bursting at the seams on moving 300 people from the IMS group to
offsite bldg with dataprocessing support back into the STL
datacenter. The group had tried "remote" 3270 terminal support but
found the human factors totally unacceptable. Channel-extender support
allowed placing channel attached 3270 controllers at the offsite
bldg. with no apparent different in human factors (compared to inside
STL). The hardware vendor then tried to IBM to approve releasing my
support, but there was group in POK playing with some serial stuff,
that got it vetoed (they were afraid that if my support was in the
market, it would make it harder to get their stuff approved).

In 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they
were playing with, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard
(including some stuff I had done in 1980). The POK people finally get
their stuff released in 1990 as ESCON when it is already
obsolete. ESCON is 200mbits/sec half-duplex ... only around
17mbytes/sec effective. FCS is dual-simplex, concurrent 1gbit/sec in
both directions, 2gibt/sec aggregate (around 200mbytes/sec aggregate).

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON (ibm protocol on fibre channel standard) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

getting to play disk engineer (posts) in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
Date: 20 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#6 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known

the most common career advice given to me was "business ethics" is an
oxymoron

trivia: after graduation and joining IBM Science Center, one of my
hobbies was developing&supporting enhanced operating systems for
internal datacenters (not only could I wander around customer
datacenters, I was also allowed to wander around many of the internal
datacenters, both in US and overseas, when EMEA moved to Paris, I was
asked to go along for the datacenter install). One of my early & long
time internal customers was HONE (world-wide online sales&marketing
support system). Also since the Multics group was on the 5th flr and
science center was on the 4th flr ... there was some rivalry. I would
point out that I had more internal datacenter systems than the total
number of Multics systems during its lifetime
http://www.multicians.org/sites.html

after the Amdahl branch office incident I transferred out to San Jose
Research, since they were a lot more local internal and customer
systems that I could wander around ... and HONE had recently
consiladated its US datacenters in Palo Alto (trivia when FACEBOOK
first moves to Silicon Valley, it is into new bldg built next door to
the old consolidated HONE datacenter).

past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

US AFDS was one of Multics premier customers so I thought it was neat
that AFDS wanted to come out spring 1979 to talk about getting 20
VM/4341s .... when they finally got around to coming out that fall, it
had increased to 210 VM/4341s. previously archived email spring 1979
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.tml#email790404b

in Jan1979, I had already been talked into doing some LLNL vm/4341
benchmarks that was looking at getting 70 vm/4341s for compute farm
(sort of the leading edge of coming cluster supercomuting tsunami)
... however large customers would be also ordering hundreds of
vm/4341s at a time for placing out in non-datacenter departmental
areas (sort of leading edge of coming distributed computing
tsunami). I had gotten con'ed into also playing disk engineer so
bldg14 & bldg15 gave me quite a big of latitude using their mainframes
(bldg. 15 had the first engineering 3033 outside POK flr, and similar
engineering 4341 outside of Endicott flr and I also provided the
production operating systems for their mainframes).

getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

In the late 70s and early 80s, I was also blamed for online computer
conferencing (precursor to current social media) on the internal
network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning
until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive
committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the
internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. This is now going on 40yrs
ago ... and there was gender bias discussions at that time. Part of it
was called "Tandem Memos" (another recent discussion in this group)

online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

I was also told there was significant group that had tried to have me
the youngest member at one of the top technical positions in the
company ... but with 5of6 of the corporate executive committee wanting
to fire me, it was never going to happen ... however the 6th did start
providing funding out of his office for doing projects (almost as if I
was one).

Mid-80s top executive was predicting IBM revenue world-wide revenue
was going to double and there was big internal bldg program to double
(mostly mainframe) manufacturing ... and whole lot of newly minted
MBAs (of both genders) on fast track being rotated thru executive
positions at business unit (frequently to the detriment to those
units) getting reading for doubling size of company. It wasn't exactly
career enhancing to point out that business was already starting to
head in the opposite direction.

About that time, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at the
annual, world-wide, internal group conference supposedly on 3174
performance, but opened the talk with statement that the communication
group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division
(which has since come to pass). The issue was communication group had
stranglehold with strategic ownership for every that crossed
datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off client/server and
distributed computing trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm
& install base. The disk division was seeing the communication group
stanglehold and data fleeing to more distributed computing friendly
platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had repeatedly
come up with products to address the situation, but they were
constantly vetoed by the communication group.

disclaimer: the disk division executive tasked with trying to support
distributed computing periodically asked my wife and me to help him
(since communication group could veto any IBM logo'ed distributed
computing, they started in investing in distributed computing startups
that had mainframe support).  Note effect not just disk, all
mainframes, a few yrs later company goes into red and it was being
reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up
the company. Dec1992 article behind paywall, but mostly lives free at
the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

We had already left the company by this time, but get a call from
bowels of Armonk about helping with the splitup of the company. Issue
was that business units had MOUs to leverage supplier contracts with
other units ... which would be in different corporations after the
splitup. These MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their
own contracts. Before we get started, new CEO comes in and reverses
the breakup (but still spins off the disk division).

dumb terminal paradigm posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
from amex president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

note my wife had been in the GBURG JES group and was one of the
catchers for ASP for turning into JES3, also one of the co-authors of
JESUS (JES Unified System), all the things in JES2 & JES3 that the
respective customers couldn't live w/o. Then she was con'ed into going
to POK to be in charge of (mainframe) loosely-coupled (cluster)
architecture where she did peer-coupled shared data
architecture. She didn't remain long because 1) little uptake (except
for IMS hot-standby until much later with sysplex & parallel sysplex)
and 2) constant battles with communication group trying to force her
into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation.

peer-coupled shared data posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bill Black: Trump Admin Halts Investigation of For-Profit Colleges

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bill Black: Trump Admin Halts Investigation of For-Profit Colleges
Date: 20 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

Bill Black: Trump Admin Halts Investigation of For-Profit Colleges
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/05/bill-black-trump-admin-halts-investigation-profit-colleges.html

Problems with for-profit colleges greatly increased with private
equity moving into the market. Private equity's failing grade: Private
equity investment in for-profit colleges
http://pestakeholder.org/private-equitys-failing-grade-private-equity-investment-in-for-profit-colleges/

As the Trump administration rolls back the greater regulatory scrutiny
the for-profit college industry has faced during the last several
years, it is private equity that stands to benefit the most, posing
continuing dangers to students, taxpayers, and the integrity of the
federal financial aid system.

... snip ...

In the case of for-profit colleges, things was significantly
accelerated when congress was lobbied to exempt student loans from
bankruptcy. Private Student Loan Bankruptcy Rule Traps Graduates With
Debt Amid Calls For Reform
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/14/private-student-loans-bankruptcy-law_n_1753462.html

If she could file bankruptcy to erase the private student loan debt
she owes to Sallie Mae, she would. But because of a 2005 reform law,
private student loans cannot be discharged in bankruptcy, except in
extremely rare cases. Oquendo isn't alone. Today, 2.9 million
Americans have private student loan debt, owing about $150 billion and
representing 15 percent of all student debt.

... snip ...

AFR Report: Private Equity's Failing Grade in the For-Profit College
Industry
https://ourfinancialsecurity.org/2018/03/afr-report-private-equitys-failing-grade-profit-college-industry/
Private Equity for Education | Mapping Money Flows and Industry Trends
with Mitch Leventhal & Ina Tang
https://equityforeducation.wordpress.com/
Why one major for-profit college chain taken private the same day
another one goes public
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/why-one-major-for-profit-college-chain-taken-private-the-same-day-another-one-goes-public-2017-02-02

this is similar to private equity take-over of beltway bandits and
gov. contractors ... resulting in massive uptic in gov. outsourcing
last decade ... part of the issue is that gov. contracts have
significant restrictions on lobbying congress ... while private equity
owners under no such restriction. Barbarians at the Capitol: Private
Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster

... snip ...

... including acquiring beltway bandit that will employ Snowden. Just
intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us which also
significantly accelerates the rapidly spreading success of
failure culture (more profit from series of failures)
... especially large dataprocessing related projects
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

private equity analogy to house flipping ... except they put
"mortgage" on the company books, extract every cent out of the company
and then can flip for less money than they paid (because they don't
have to pay off the loan), and still walk away with enormous amounts
of money. Over half corporate defaults are companies currently or
formally in private equity mill.
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

Bill Black was bank examiner during S&L crisis, trivia: Keating Five
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
William K. Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

It was Black who accused then-house speaker Jim Wright and five US
Senators, including John Glenn and John McCain, of doing favors for
the S&L's in exchange for contributions and other perks. The senators
got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one of those
bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called "Keating
Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get Black --
kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. "Of course."

... snip ...

note also: VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge
of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

This century, another family member then presides over the economic
mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000
criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess
should have 70,000.

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
former AMEX president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has Microsoft commited suicide

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Has Microsoft commited suicide ...
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 09:21:15 -0700

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

It was new to me, too. Technically, I guess, BCD applies to encoding of
numbers, but it was extended to apply to 6-bit character sets (or at least
some of them).

360 was suppose to be ascii ... ebcdic was extending 6bit BCD to 8bit
... in part because of compatibility with existing tab cards in the
field. this account has ebcdic got further perpetuated because
acscii unit record gear wasn't ready for 360 announce

EBCDIC and the P-BIT (The Biggest Computer Goof Ever)
http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

other historical references by the same author:
http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

some other ASCII related

HOW ASCII CAME ABOUT
http://www.bobbemer.com/ASCII.HTM
HOW ASCII GOT ITS BACKSLASH
http://www.bobbemer.com/BACSLASH.HTM
SIGNIFICANT ARTICLES ON ASCII
http://www.bobbemer.com/INSIDE-A.HTM
ASCII and the Mark of the Beast
http://www.bobbemer.com/666.HTM
ORIGIN OF THE ISO REGISTER FOR ASCII-ALTERNATE SETS
http://www.bobbemer.com/REGISTRY.HTM

Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code wiki page:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_Binary_Coded_Decimal_Interchange_Code

posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#64 Has Microsoft commited suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#69 Has Microsoft commited suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#106 Has Microsoft commited suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commited suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#3 Has Microsoft commited suicide

past posts mentioning bob bemer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#26 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#27 Origins of EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#39 Mainframe Utility for EBCDIC to ASCII conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#41 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#63 CAPS Fantasia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#4 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#65 They've changed the keyboard layout _again_
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#9 Typewriter vs. Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#67 Wondering if I am really eligible for this group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#6 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#45 HP getting out of computer biz
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#23 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#5 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#45 CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#55 "Geek" t-shirts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#100 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#52 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#55 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#73 END OF FILE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#36 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#84 72 column cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#52 8-bit bytes and byte-addressed machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#56 Reduced Symbol Set Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#56 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#72 One reason for monocase was Re: Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#61 32760?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#3 Ported Tools - Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#49 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#33 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#35 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#21 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#22 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#37 Subject Unicode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#5 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#13 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#15 50 years of timesharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#63 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#52 Rather nice article on COBOL on Vulture Central
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#24 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers   Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#29 Special characters for Passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#99 IBM architecture, was Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#4 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#6 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#65 16-bit minis, was Floating point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#6 New Line vs. Line Feed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#47 ASCII vs. EBCDIC (was Re: On sort options ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#0 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#64 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#70 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#71 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#79 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#5 RFE? xlc compile option for C integers to be "Intel compat" or Little-Endian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#109 Online Terminals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#75 Nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#77 Nostalgia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has Microsoft commited suicide

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Has Microsoft commited suicide ...
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 10:21:47 -0700

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

Sounds like the kind of thing that caused the "Great Recession."

there was articles after the crash pointing fingers, trying to blame
everything but the people responsible (blaming computers, black-scholes,
blaming complex computer models, etc) ... however there was also a few
risk managers speaking up saying that business people were forcing them
to fiddle the inputs until the desired results were received (garbade
in, garbage out) ... and calling for risk managers having greater
independence from the business people.

there was then the OCT2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal roles
that the rating agencies played in the mess ... had testimony that
rating agencies were getting paid to hand out "triple-A" ... even when
the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A.

Triple-A enables loan originators to no longer have to care about
borrowers qualifications or loan quality, being able to make
no-documentation, liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A and
immediately sell off as fast as they could be made ... into the bond
market ... triple-A enables selling to investors that are restricted to
only dealing in "safe investments" (like large pension funds) and also
largely enabled being able to do over $27T 2001-2008.

from the law of unintended consequences, some of the largest fines have
been for running the robo-signing mills ... fabricating the missing
documents (no-document, liar loans) necessary for foreclosures.

note that one of the biggest Too Big To Fail involved in the economic
mess, during the S&L crises was the largest player in the mortgage
market doing variable rate mortgages (back when they held the mortgages
rather than securitizing and selling them off in the bond
market). Somebody does analysis of changes in the interest rate could
take down the institution, the TBTF then unloads in mortgage portfolio,
gets out of the business and requires at private bailout to stay in
business. old long-winded post from Jan1999
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.html#riskm

The person behind that analysis was also behind papers this century
about black-scholes ... one of the references:
http://www.bobsguide.com/guide/news/2007/Dec/20/kamakura-releases-study-how-conventional-cdo-analytics-missed-the-mark

"Two years ago the Wall Street Journal in a page 1 story pointed out the
dangers in relying on the copula approach for CDO valuation, but
investors were slow to realize the magnitude of their model risk,"

... snip ...

... however this is still about wrong model rather everything is fiddled
for "garbage-in, garbage-out"

toxic CDO posts (and rating agencies selling "triple-A" when they knew
they weren't worth "triple-A")
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

under totally new management ... the TBTF that got out of the
variable rate mortgage business ... was back into big time this
century (and all institutional knowledge of the problems apparently
had evaporated).  As economic mess started to implode ... they were no
longer immediately able to find buyers (even with "triple-A") and
starting to pile up in the inventory. YE2008, the four
largest TBTF were carrying $5.2T "off-book" (if they were
forced to bring back on the books, it would have taken down the
institutions) and the largest amount was held by the
TBTF that previously needed private bailout to stay in business.

too big to fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
economic mess posts
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

note when there was still fiction in Jan2009 that TARP funds would be
used for buying these (off-book, triple-A rated) toxic assets.  (but
with only $700B appropriated, it hardly touch the problem, when just
the four largest TBTF was still holding $5.2T)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troubled_Asset_Relief_Program

there was press about hiring companies to price the toxic assets
... one of the companies mentioned was one of the two
(online virtual machine) 60s spin-offs of the science center
(which had bought the pricing division from the credit ratings in the
70s) ... that moved up the value stream to providing services and
online information to the financial industry, science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
online (virtual machine based) commercial service bureau posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

Then there were articles that it was almost impossible to correctly
price these toxic CDOs ... but in actuality 1) no-documentation
liar loans, didn't have the documents to evaluate, 2) early fall 2007,
$60B had sold for 22cents on the dollar, 3) buying the $5.2T offbook
toxic assets at 22cents on the dollar then would have resulted in the
four largest TBTF declared insolvent and forced to be
liquidated.

so TARP was used for other purposes and Federal Researve was handling
the real bailout behind the scenes ... buying trillions in toxic
assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions
in ZIRP funds ... past posts mentioning ZIRP funds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
posts mentioning federal reserve chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

note also: VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge
of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

This century, another family member then presides over the economic
mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal
convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should
have 70,000.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3390 teardown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3390 teardown
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 10:30:01 -0700

found on facebook, 3390 teardown
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBjoWMA5d84&feature=share

3390
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3390.html

3380->3390 3mbytes/sec to 4.2mbytes/sec higher bit density also smaller
disk can spin faster, 3390mod1, 3.78gbytes to 11.35gbytes, mod2 double
capacity

note: original 3380 had 20 track spacings between datatracks, then
spacing was cut in half and doubled number of tracks, for "K" spacing
was cut to 1/3rd original 3380 (and tripled number of tracks).
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3380c.html

trivia: father of 801/risc ropes me in helping him with idea for
"wide-head" ... read/writes 16 (closely-spaced) tracks
simultaneously. Every 17th track is servo track ... and wide-head
follows servo-tracks on both sides of the 16 data tracks (18 tracks
total). The problem is that it worked out to 16 times data transfer of
normal 3380 (i.e. 48mbyte/sec) ... which IBM channels couldn't handle
... even the later ESCON only handled 17mbytes/sec.

1980, I was roped into do channel-extender support for STL. They were
bursting at the seams on moving 300 people from the IMS group to
offsite bldg with dataprocessing support back into the STL datacenter.
The group had tried "remote" 3270 terminal support but found the human
factors totally unacceptable. Channel-extender support allowed placing
channel attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg. with no
apparent different in human factors (compared to inside STL). The
hardware vendor then tried to IBM to approve releasing my support, but
there was group in POK playing with some serial stuff, that got it
vetoed (they were afraid that if my support was in the market, it
would make it harder to get their stuff approved).

In 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they
were playing with, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard
(including some stuff I had done in 1980). The POK people finally get
their stuff released in 1990 as ESCON when it is already obsolete.
ESCON is 200mbits/sec half-duplex ... only around 17mbytes/sec
effective. FCS is dual-simplex, concurrent 1gbit/sec in both
directions, 2gbit/sec aggregate (around 200mbytes/sec aggregate).

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

Later some of POK channel engineers get involved in fibre channel
standard and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically cuts the
native throughput ... which is eventually released as FICON. Latest
published stats is peak I/O throughput on z196 that gets 2M IOPS using
104 FICON (running over 104 fibre channel). At the same time a fibre
channel was announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS
... two such fibre channel getting more throughput than 104 FICON
(running over 104 fibre channel)

FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

past posts mentioning "wide-head"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#103 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#9 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#54 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#60 Optimizing the Hard Disk Directly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#71 Software as a Replacement of Hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#88 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#95 Hard Drives Started Out as Massive Machines That Were Rented by the Month
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#111 Didn't we have this some time ago on some SLED disks? Multi-actuator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#12 3390 teardown

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RCA and GE--why did they fail in computers?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: RCA and GE--why did they fail in computers?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 12:13:38 -0700

hancock4 writes:

In the 1950s and 1960s, computers were the hot growing thing,
and a lot of companies got into them.  Some were large, some
were small.

Two big companies were GE and RCA.  Both had extensive product
lines that already served industry, so they should've known how
to market and support complex technical products.  GE, among
other products, sold power plants.  RCA sold television stations.

Anyone care to comment on what went wrong with them?

I've repeated periodically before ... one of the former co-workers said
his father was (economics professor) involved in the gov. anti-trust
case against IBM. He relates that executives from the other companies
testified that by the late 50s, all the computer makers realized that
product line compatibility was single most important factor (customer
computer uptake was rapidly expanding and increasingly, customers needed
to upgrade). They claimed that only IBM executives were able to force
plant managers (of different models in product line) to conform to
product line capatibility.

because customers were spending so much resources with upgrading
computers to handle increasing wirkload ... IBM had significant
marketing advantage with story about product line compatibility.

a few past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#60 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#8 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#45 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#14 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#50 System/360--detailed engineering description (AFIPS 1964)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

68k, where it went wrong

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 68k, where it went wrong.
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 14:09:20 -0700

John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:

Oh, not at all.  The XT/370 and the later AT/370 gave you a very small
single-user VM workstation.  The reason it made sense had to do with
mainframe software licensing, something about it not counting as
terminal that needed a license or the like.  Apparently it had a
$/MIPS/terminal ratio similar to a 4341.

post from last year in this group
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/2017c.html#7 SC/MP

4341 started with 1mips ... and increase some by the time xt/370.  all
i/o was done with interprocessor communication with cp/88 running on the
intel processor. at/370 was the same chips for 370 ... it was only that
the intel processor that was faster (and faster harddisk).

I got blamed delaying xt/370 announce by 6months ... i did a lot of
benchmarks and showed cms had quite a bit bloat since the 60s and
cp67/cms and was page trashing in the 384kbyte (370) memory (minus the
memory needed cp kernel). they then retrofitted another 128kbytes on the
boards, bringing it up to 512kbytes.

the microprogrammed M68K for 370 gave about 100kips 370 rate (about
1/10th 4341).

CMS was also much more filesystem intensive than normal ibm/pc
applications ... making any filesystem activity on xt/370 quite slow on
the 100ms/access xt/pc hard disks ... making lots of interactive stuff
look quite a bit slower on xt/370. I did provide other performance
enhancements to help ... but not enough to make it look like real
vm370/cms human interactive environment.

things started looking quite a bit better with the A74 (7437
workstation) ... old email with announce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email880622
some earlier discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#email8507212

above post also discussion repackaging 4331 in desk-side two-drawer
file cabinet. more A74
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#email850503

A74 with real 370 processor that did its own I/O. misc. stuff on
A74 in this posts (including some old press releases)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#4 IBM Mainframe at home

A74 had its own 16mbytes memory, 350kips 370 processing, and much faster
disk (so interactive response was much more like real mainframe)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance
Date: 21 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance; New report
raises questions about multibillion-dollar program
https://www.rollcall.com/news/policy/f-35c-navy-stealth-range

And critics say the Navy fighter -- part of the Joint Strike Fighter
initiative, the most expensive weapons program in history -- may
actually have been out of date years ago.

...

Dan Grazier, of the Project on Government Oversight, said the House
directive "highlights just how poorly conceived the Joint Strike
Fighter program has been from the very beginning."

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

other recent F-35 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#11 This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#17 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#39 Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#95 The Return Of Haim Bodek - HFT's First Whistleblower
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#114 Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#117 F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#2 FY18 budget deal yields life-sustaining new wings for the A-10 Warthog
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#19 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#50 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#68 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#74 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#76 Why the F-35 Isn't Good Enough for Japan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#109 JSF/F-35

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down.
Date: 22 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/21/business/volcker-rule-fed-banks-regulation.html

The Volcker Rule, named for the former chairman of the Federal Reserve
and signed into law, prohibited banks from making their own risky bets
with their customers' deposits. Banks loathed the rule and Republicans
vowed to undo it.

Now, a decade after the global financial meltdown, banks are on the
brink of realizing their dream. The Fed and other federal banking
regulators are poised to soften the Volcker Rule, making it easier for
giant banks to engage in a wider range of trading that can be highly
profitable, but also very risky.

... snip ...

... note from when Volcker rule was being added to "Dodd-Frank";
"Confidence Men" pg 430:

But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and
Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted
the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's
efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully
-- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything
settled down.

... snip ...

Angelo, #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic
mess/financial crises
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

and Dodd, "Friends of Angelo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_(FOA)_VIP_program

"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

recent posts mentioning "Dodd-Frank" &/or "Volcker Rule"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT:  Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#13 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#48 Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#87 Dodd-Frank Was Designed to Fail - and Trump Will Make it Worse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#85 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#106 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#108 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#101 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#108 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#72 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#54 Testing Progressives, Centrist Dems Team Up with GOP to Deregulate Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#58 Wall Street Wants to Kill the Agency Protecting Americans From Financial Scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#64 Wages and Productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#60 Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#0 Congress Is About to Do a Big Favor for Private Equity Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise and Fall of IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Rise and Fall of IBM
Date: 22 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

"The Rise and Fall of IBM", by former Science & Tech director of IBM
Europe
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm
and
https://www.ecole.org/en/65/CM200195-ENG.pdf

from above: reference to FS was suppose to be countermeasure to clone
controllers:

The competitors had a considerable cost advantage since they could
save on R&D, which had been largely carried out by IBM. Similarly,
their marketing was made easier: all they had to do was wait for IBM
to convince a customer and then go and offer him the same thing for
20-30% less.

IBM tried to react by launching a major project called the 'Future
System' (FS) in the early 1970's. The idea was to get so far ahead
that the competition would never be able to keep up, and to have such
a high level of integration that it would be impossible for
competitors to follow a compatible niche strategy. However, the
project failed because the objectives were too ambitious.

... snip ...

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Note FS was quite complex, incorporating all sorts of blue sky
ideas. FS was dividied into 12-13 sections. Les Comeau (formally of
Science Center, recently passed) "owned" one of the sections and he
had my wife handle many of the FS organization meetings. Her comment
was that many of the other sections were almost all "blue sky" and
didn't actually have any real "there, there". some extended
description here:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

One of the final nails in the FS coffin was study by Houston Science
Center that showed that 370/195 application (was Eastern's System/One,
PARS/ACP airline res. system), running on an FS system built with the
faster technology available, would have throughput of 370/145
(something like 10-30 times slowdown).

Note that in the 60s, Amdahl was running ACS-360 effort ... however
executives were afraid it would advance the state of art too fast and
IBM would loose control of the business ... ACS-360 is then shutdown,
Amdahl leaves IBM and starts clone processor business, reference
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books,
1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the
70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being
shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with
giving clone processor makers market foothold ... also significantly
tested IBM sales "FUD" (fear, uncertainty and doubt) marketing:

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no
waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in
the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S
took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the
very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

Note that 370, straight-forward extension of 360 had been announced
and shipping. On a discussion group, I was asked if I could find the
justification for adding virtual memory to all 370. Polling some
number of (former) IBMers, I got the following account ... reply (in a
post) archived here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

Problem was that storage management in MVT was so bad, that region
sizes had to be four times larger than typically used ... on typical
370/165 1mbyte machine could only get four regions. Going to OS/VS2,
SVS (MVT layed out in 16mbyte virtual memory, almost identical to MVT
running under CP/67 in 16mbyte virtual machine), could get four times
as many regions defined with little or no actual paging. References
was that resources were starting to be diverted to FS ... and how to
come up with plan to insert OS/VS2 plan between MVT and FS.

clone controller trivia: as undergraduate I was involved in doing
clone telecommunication controller ... somewhat kicked when I tried to
get the 2702 to do something it couldn't quite do ... CP/67 had auto
terminal type identification for 2741 & 1052 (switching terminal
specific port scanner with SAD ccw). Univ, had some number of
ASCII/TTY terminals and I extended CP/67 support, including extending
dynamic identification to TTY terminals. I then wanted to support
single "HUNT" group, single dialup number for all terminals (and
single pool of numbers).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting

However, while 2702 supported switching terminal type port scanner,
line speeds were hard-wired for each port and couldn't be dynamically
switched. We then took built channel interface card for Interdata/3
programmed to emulated 2702, with the addition that it could also
dynamiclally determine terminal line speed. Interdata started
marketing this implementation ... and then it was upgraded with a
Interdata/4 (for channel interface) and a cluster of Interdata/3s for
the port interfaces. Four of us then get written up for (some part of)
clone controller business. Perkin/Elmer then buys Interdata and the
boxes marketed under the PE brand. Visting a datacenter around the
turn of the century, I ran across one of the PE boxes handling
majority of dial-up, point-of-sale card swipe boxes on the east coast.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

Folklore is that the enormous baroque complexity of SNA/VTAM, was to
implement the FS objective to implement such a high level of
intergration that clone controllers wouldn't be able have compatible
strategy.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

8088 and 68k, where it went wrong

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 8088 and 68k, where it went wrong.
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 23 May 2018 08:34:07 -0700

Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:

Most of the things you point out was true. The why IBM PC development
can for the most part be traced back to Phil Estridge. I was attending
and presenting at a lot of computer shows/conferences of various sorts
at the time. Phil Estridge spent a lot of time there, he was smart and
observant. He brought a lot of people in to talk to and we went to see a
lot of people. Phil spent a lot of time listening. His west coast trip
to intel, Gary Kildall (CPM) , Bill Gates (MS) is quite well documented.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#19 68k, where it went wrong

other trivia: before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing cp/m, kildall worked on cp67/cms at npg (gone 404, but
lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html

originally IBM/PC group said that they weren't interested in software
and there was software group formed in silicon valley ... and every
month or so would poll boca abut their still not interested in doing
software. then at some point, they changed their mind and said that if
the silicon valley people wanted to continue to do IBM/PC software,
they had to move to boca. boca also started looking for outside
companies to do software under contract ... one of the possible
motivations was they didn't want internal political competition.

other trivia: my brother was regional apple marketing rep (largest
physical region, conus) and figured out how to dial remotely into the
company's IBM System/38 (that ran the company) to track manufacturing
and delivery schedules.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

8088 and 68k, where it went wrong

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 8088 and 68k, where it went wrong.
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 23 May 2018 09:01:45 -0700

paul wallich <pw@panix.com> writes:

And something we mostly forget today is that by being IBM they gave
tens of thousands of middle managers permission to buy personal
computers for employees. IBM's dominance in IT was near-universal at
the time.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#19 68k, where it went wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#23 8088 and 68k, where it went wrong.

Large corporations (including IBM) were ordering tens of thousands of
(mainframe) 3270 terminals at a time ... it was trivial change to
business case to make that IBM/PC with 3270 terminal emulation card
... for nearly the same price as 3270 ... and they got single desktop
footprint for 3270 terminal with some local computing capaibility.

other trivia: major motivation for token-ring was the weight of the
3270 coax cables between the datacenter and every 3270 terminal ...
the weight was starting to exceed bldg floor loading limits. could run
cat5 from datacenter out to MAUs in wiring closets ... which ran more
cat5 out to other wiring closets (hierarchy of MAUs) and eventually
out to invidual 3270 emulation PCs on desks.

RISC workstation division had done their own 16bit AT-bus 4mbit
token-ring cards ... however, for RS/6000 microchannel, AWD was forced
to only use PS2 cards (and blocked from doing their own cards) ...
there was joked that this would limit RS/6000 to throughput no more
than PS2. The PS2 16mbit token-ring cards had per card throughput
design of 300+ stations doing terminal emulation sharing the same LAN
... and had lower per card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring
card (i.e. a PC/RT server with 4mbit token-ring card could have higher
throughput than RS/6000 server with 16mbit token-ring card).

The new IBM Almaden research bldg was heavily wired with cat5 assuming
token-ring ... however they found that the cat5 star-wired 10mbit
ethernet ... (compared to 16mbit token-ring) had higher aggregate LAN
segment throughput, had lower LAN latency and easily deployed ethernet
routers to separate lan segments (rather than MAUs that treated all
LAN segments as single lan) resulting in much higher aggregate
bandwigth. 16mbit token-ring segment had lower aggregate lan
throughput than 10mbit ethernet (running over same cat5) and 16mbit
token-ring MAUs would have all LAN segments treated as single LAN
... while ethernet router (with TCP/IP) treated ten different LAN
segments as separate LANs so aggregate was 100mbit.

note some of the MIT CTSS people went to the 5th flr to do MULTICS and
other of the CTSS people went to the science center on the 4th flr and
did virtual machines (originally cp40/cms for modified 360/40
with virtual memory then morphs into cp67/cms when standard 360/67
with virtual memory became available), the internal network
(technology also used later for the corporate sponsored university
BITNET), invented GML in 1969 (later morphs into SGML and HTML) and
bunch of other stuff.  In the late 60s, there were couple spinoffs
from the science center for virtual machine based online
service bureaus. About then one of the 5th flr people joins one of the
new virtual machine spinoffs out in waltham that specifialized
in offering services to the financial industry. A decade later, he and
another person form their own company to do Visicalc.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
Date: 23 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down

Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/22/business/congress-passes-dodd-frank-rollback-for-smaller-banks.html
Dodd-Frank: Congress just wound back Wall Street's clock and throttled
https://www.fastcompany.com/40576008/congress-just-wound-back-wall-streets-clock-and-throttled-innovation

1999 I was asked to help try and stop the coming economic mess (and we
failed). Decade later, Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the pecora
hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in
Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions with jailtime), with lots of
internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what
happened then (comments that new congress might have an appetite to do
something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it
won't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was buried under
enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).

Pecora Hearings &/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

last decade, another family member presides over the economic mess, 70
times larger than the S&L crisis, proportionally there should have
been 70,000 criminal convictions (with jailtimes), so far nobody has
even been charged.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

while #2 on times list of those responsible for economic mess, was
behind repeal of Glass-Steagall ... he is on the list for blocking the
regulation of over the counter derivatives, original described as gift
to ENRON. The head of CFTC proposed regulation, the head of CFTC was
then quickly replaced with #2's wife while he gets law passed
preventing the regulation, she then leaves and joins the ENRON board
and the audit committee (over the counter derivatives played role in
the economic mess).
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

Glass-Steagall prevented combining safety & soundness of FDIC-insured
highly regulated depository institutions with unregulated, highly
risky investment banking activity. Repeal of Glass-Steagall allowed
FDIC-insured institutions to get into highly risky investment banking
activity and put the public on the hook for the losses (because of
co-mingling of risky activity with publics' deposits). Repeal of
Glass-Steagall didn't cause the economic mess, it just put the public
on the hook for losses (Too Big To Fail was obfuscation the
justification for bail-out).

Angelo, #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic
mess/financial crises
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html
and Dodd, "Friends of Angelo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_(FOA)_VIP_program

Congress was being pushed into the corner (to seem) to do something
about the economic mess. Rather than reinstitute Glass-Steagall,
seperating FDIC-insured institutions from investment banking risky
activity, they attempt to put limits on the amount of risky activity
that FDIC-insured institutions can do. However, there is enormous
amount of things going on behind the scenes; wallstreet lobbiests were
providing draft sections, then these draft sections were leaked and
then the (same) lobbiests would ridicule the drafts as part of
discrediting the process. They also carefully crafted hundreds of
pages of enormously complex rules that would make it almost impossible
for agencies to turn into regulations ... including that future
administrations could repeal the laws before anything meaningful took
effect (Dodd-Frank mostly facade to keep the public distracted)

More than you ever wanted to know. Oct2008 congress had hearings into
role that the rating agencies played in the economic mess ... selling
"triple-A" ratings on securitiezed mortgages when they knew they
weren't worth triple-A. In 1999, I was to improve the integrity of the
securitized mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure to some of
the things they would be doing. However, triple-A rating allowed them
to start doing no-documentation, liar loans; they could securitize,
pay for triple-A and sell-off into the bond market as fast as they
could be packaged (eliminating any need to worry about borrowers'
qualifications or loan real quality), largely enabling being able to
do over $27T 2001-2008 (including selling to operations restricted to
only dealing in "safe" investments, like pension funds).

Originally paying for triple-A eliminated any need to care about
borrowers' qualifications or loan quality. However, they then start
securitizing mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell them
off, and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail. Then
the largest holder of these CDS gambling bets was AIG and was
negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS
steps in, has them sign a document that they can't sue those making
the gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The
largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of
face-value payoffs was firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

TARP was possibly also purely front (to benefit those making CDS
gambling bets), originally justified with claim to buy Too Big To Fail
off-book toxic assets ... however only few hundred billions were
appropriated. YE2008 just the four largest TBTF were holding $5.2T in
off-book toxic assets and the appropriated TARP funds would only have
made small dent in the problem. TARP was used for other things and
Federal Reserve did the actual bail-out behind the scenes (buying
trillions of off-book toxic assets for 98cents on the dollar, when
they had been going for 22cents on the dollar and providing tens of
trillions in ZIRP funds).

ZIRP funds posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

When I was member of X9 doing international financial standards
... the Federal Reserve members would repeatedly point out that they
aren't a US GOV. institution, they are agency of the big banks (mostly
too big to fail). The president does get to appoint the chair and
vice chair, but president's selection only comes from the sitting
govenors ... which come from the big banks.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#52 How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#60 Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#104 Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#18 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#0 Congress Is About to Do a Big Favor for Private Equity Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk
Date: 23 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#25 Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback

House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk
https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/22/politics/house-banking-bill-vote-dodd-frank/index.html

Note Dodd was "friends of Angelo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_(FOA)_VIP_program
... who is #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic
mess.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

Public opinion was forcing congress to look like it was doing
something, but huge sections of Dodd-Frank was done to be overly
complex (to make it impossible for agencies to actually formulate
regulations) and/or ridiculous things as part of discrediting the
process (there was repeated cases of wallstreet lobbyists submitting
draft sections to be added, the draft sections would then be leaked,
and then the wallstreet lobbyiests would publicly ridicule the
sections)

When I was member of X9 (us & international financial standards)
... members from the Federal Reserve would repeatedly point out they
are not a US gov. agencies .... they are organization of the big
banks. The president can appoint chair and vice-chair ... but (only)
selection from the governors ... which come from the big banks.

fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

past trivia: VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no
knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

last decade, another family member presides over the economic mess, 70
times larger than the S&L crisis, proportionally there should have
been 70,000 criminal convictions (with jailtimes), so far nobody has
even been charged

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

disclaimer: 1999 I was asked to help try and prevent the coming
economic mess ... by improving the integrity of mortgage supporting
documents as countermeasure to some things that had been done during
the S&L crisis (we failed).

then JAN2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate
hearings into the '29 crash) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs
between what happen this time and what happened them (comment that new
congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for
awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (comments
that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet
cash, all but 2 or 3 members of congress, regardless of party).

Pecora Hearings &/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Medici Effect

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Medici Effect
Date: 23 May 2018
Blog: Facebook

The Medici Effect, With a New Preface and Discussion Guide: What
Elephants and Epidemics Can Teach Us About Innovation (Frans
Johansson)
https://www.amazon.com/Medici-Effect-Preface-Discussion-Guide-ebook/dp/B01LBRS48K/

loc2474-78:

When Torvalds released versions of Linux in the early years it was
unstable, did not work for most computers, and could even kill
someone's hard drive. But no longer: Today many Fortune 500 companies
use Linux because it is faster and cheaper than the alternatives. 6
When Torvalds released the first version of Linux back in 1991, it
stirred quite a bit of excitement in the development community.

loc2491-94:

I finally realized how far Linux had come when I spotted an ad from
Oracle, one of Microsoft's fiercest competitors, on the back of an
issue of The Economist. "Unbreakable Linux," the ad said, followed by,
"Everyone knows Linux costs less. Now it's faster and more reliable
too." That's amazing, I thought. From hacker utopia to blue chip
... in less than a decade.

... snip ...

so missed a vital item (hot button of mine) Jan1979, I'm asked to do
benchmark on engineering 4341 for LLNL that was looking at getting 70
for compute farm. There is something that is technology
price/performance "knee of the curve" ... optimal price/performance
... push past the knee of the curve (for say "supercomputers"), the
cost increases much faster than the performance. 4341 was the new knee
of the curve ... instead of doing massive supercomputers for
calculations, cluster large numbers of systems that were at the
optimal knee of the curve.

old 4341 related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

The next issue is to come up with optimal coordination strategy for
large numbers of systems that can all productively contribute to
massive calculations (more efficiently and more cost effective than
traditional supercomputer) ... digression, sort of "mission command"
for large computer clusters, from OODA-loop perspective needed full
source availability to adapt to totally different orientations.

Boyd and/or OODA-loops posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Roll forward a decade and as part of our High Availability product,
I'm working on "cluster scaleup" (large number of workstations, new
knee of the price/performance curve) with Oracle for commercial scalup
(plus no single point of failure) and with national labs (including
LLNL) for technical/scientific scaleup. Then possibly because the
traditional commercial mainframe people are complaining that I will
impact their business, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as
new IBM supercomputer (for scientific and technical *ONLY*) and we are
told we can't work on anything with more than four processors.

HA/CMP postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Early 90s, cluster scaleup is not only supercomputers but also
emerging cloud computing ... clustering together increasing numbers of
systems (at optimal price/performance knee of the curve), hundreds,
thousands, tens of thousands and finally hundreds of thousands. This
is new emerging computing paradigm with lots of innovation going
on. However, a lot of innovation required full access to system
software source .... and wasn't available from the proprietary systems
... but was freely available with LINUX.

Current comment is LINUX runs on 70% of all "real" computers
(i.e. significant percentage combined together in the hundreds of
thousands of systems that make up a cloud computer or
supercomputer). Another area LINUX dominates is smart devices and
embedded controllers ... typical car will have ten linux systems and
typical home may have 30 linux systems) ... again because it was a
different system paradigm and the developers needed full source access
in order to modify/adapt the traditional system paradigm (when I was
doing cluster scaleup, I was working for vendor and had full source
access).

It has come to dominate these markets, not so much because it cost
less but (originally) because the full source was needed/available for
adapting to different programming and system paradigms. Since then,
some of the proprietary systems have started to provide similar
modifications ... once all the trailblazing was done with LINUX.  More
recently, the server chip vendors are saying they ship over half their
product directly to large cloud megadatacenters, which assemble their
own systems for 1/3rd the price of brand name systems.

recent cloud megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#104 AW: mainframe distribution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#46 Slashdot: Business under-investing in I.T
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#106 Has Microsoft commited suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#4 MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MMIX meltdown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: MMIX meltdown
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 24 May 2018 08:51:24 -0700

MitchAlsup <MitchAlsup@aol.com> writes:

My general guess is simple momentum. They had seen machines with privileged
state in order to solve one problem like security, then just started to lob
in more and more and more rather than making the problem go away.

original 360 had problem/privileged and storage key protect (default
store protect, fetch protect was extra cost feature).

science center took 360/40 and added hardware for virtual memory support
... inverted tables, each real 4k page number carried four bit virtual
address id and virtual 4k page number. When task dispatched, the vritual
address id register would be loaded with the address space ID associated
with the task. For more tasks, needed to disassociate one the virtual
address space ids with task, reset all the associated real pages, and
that associate that virtual address space id with the new task. 360/40
only had 64 real pages (256kbytes) ... minus 15-20 for cp40 kernel
... leaving around 45-50 for task paging. Most tasks were around 15-20
virtual pages .... so limited to 3-4 concurrent tasks w/o getting into
page thrashing.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
CP/40 write up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

problem/privileged was used to provide virtual machine simulation ...
since all supervisor state instructions interrupted into the virtual
kernel ... where they were simulated (keeping each virtual machine
isolated from other virtual machines).

cp/40 morphs into cp/67 when 360/67 becomes available with virtual
memory standard. 360/67 had segment/page tables with control register
loaded with address of the associated segment table for task. original
release 1 cp/67 that I got at the university didn't have any page
thrashing controls. release 2 had rudimentary concurrent task controls
to limit page thrashing (developed by MIT lincoln labs) ... which was
basically limited number concurrent tasks to 2 per 256kbytes of real
memory (1mbyte 360/67 would limit concurrent multitasking to eight).

Page replacement was first search for any virtual page not belonging to
active task ... and then effectively FIFO. I changed that to global LRU
replacement and dynamic working set calculation per task that was then
used to limit concurrent number of tasks (and page thrashing).

Official science center documentation makes mention of the official
tss/360 operating system (for 360/67) betting a lot on virutal memory
when nobody knew why Ferranti wasn't working well (best guess referring
to page thrashing controls).

I did my work on CP67 and global LRU and page thrashing controls at the
univ. in the 60s about the same time academic literature was about local
LRU and page thrashing controls. Later, in the early 70s Genoble Science
Center implemented the academic local LRU and page thrashing control for
their CP67 running on 1mbyte 360/67 (155 pages available for
paging). The Cambridge Science Center 768kbyte 360/67 (104 pages
available for paging) with my global LRU and paging thrasing control
... and similar workload ... was supporting over twice as many users
with better response and throughput (as Grenoble Science Center, with
their implementation from academic literature).

page replacement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock
scheduling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

This shows up later in the early 80s when Jim Gray asks me to help one
of his co-workers at Tandem get his Stanford Phd ... which involved
global LRU page replacement ... and the forces behind local LRU academic
work from the 60s where heavily lobbying Stanford not to award the
Phd. I had apples-to-apples comparision from 70s between the Cambridge
cp67 (with global LRU) and the Grenoble cp67 (with local LRU).

reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#46 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?

original 801/risc didn't have privileged state ... claim was that the
pl.8 compiler would only generate correct code, and cp.r operating
system would only load (correct) pl.8 programs. it was virtual memory
model was inverted tables (each 4k real page had a virtual segment id
and virtual 4k page number). 32bit virtual addresses, first four bits
would select a "segment register" (which contained a 12bit virtual
segment identifier) followed by 16bit virtual page number (256mbyte
segments). With no problem/privileged state, claim was that appilcation
inline (library) code could change a segment register segment-id value
... as easily as address pointers in general registers could be changed.

801/risc ROMP chip (with cp.r and pl.8) was going to be used for
displaywriter followon. when that was canceled, it was decided to
retarget to the unix workstation model ... which required retrofitting
problem/privileged state to ROMP for supporting unix/c-language
paradigm.

trivia: since first four bits of 32bit virtual address was used to
select segment register and then the effective (virtual) address became
the 12bit segment id plus the 28bit address within segment ... they
would refer the processor as a 40bit address machine (even after the
switch to privilege/problem and no longer could inline change segment
register values as easily as changing general register values). Later
RIOS (for rs/6000) they doubled the segment IDs from 12bits to 24bits
and would make references to it being 52bit address machine. This is
unrelated to the later work to go from 32bit virtual addressing to 64bit
virtual addressing.

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MMIX meltdown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: MMIX meltdown
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 24 May 2018 09:10:32 -0700

Robert Wessel <robertwessel2@yahoo.com> writes:

To pick an exceedingly small nit...

Page protection on S/360 was done on 2K pages, not 4K.

When introduced on S/370*, virtual memory pages were optionally 2K or
4K (some machines supported both sizes, some did not), but page
protection remained on 2K pages.  That produced the slightly odd
result that reference and change recording, which was added to the
page protection facility, had to be checked separately on *two* 2K
"half" pages if you set up VM to use 4K pages.  You could also have
different protection on the two halves of a 4K VM pages.

Somewhere along the line the option to do page protection on 4K pages
was introduced, and that was made the only option (along with 4K VM
pages) with XA (31-bit) mode.

There was also a fifth bit associated with the storage key, which
would allow read-only access even if the four bit key didn't match.

*Iignoring the S/360 implementations of virtual memory

another nit, standard 360 protection was store protect only, additional
cost feature was fetch protect, with additional bit (for each 2k area)
indicated whether fetch protect was also active (for that 2k area).

there was 4bit key number in the PSW and stores were allowed if the
field in the PSW matched the key value for the 2k storage area ...  and
if fetch protect was available, would also check for fetch protect if
the 5th bit was set. If the 4bit key number in the PSW was zero, then
all stores (and fetches) were permitted.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360_architecture#Storage_protection

Supervisor typically ran at key zero, all stores (and fetches)
allowed/permitted ... leaving 15 bit values for separating up to 15
different tasks.

original 370 virtual memory architecture had support for segment r/o
protection. along the lines the 360/165 were complaining retrofitting
full virtual memory architecture would slip the virtual memory announce
by six months. Decision was made to drop segment r/o protect and some
other features ... to keep announce from slipping. All software that was
written to use all the features ... and other models that had already
implemented full architecture ... had to be redone to just implement the
360/165 subset.

much later virtual page r/o protect was added to 370. The difference was
that page r/o protect applied to every virtual address space referencing
that page. The original 370 virtual memory architecture with segment r/o
protect ... could have some virtual address spaces store protect and
other virtual addesses spaces w/o store protect (for the same virtual
segment).

This is something needed for the original sql/relational implementation
(system/r) that was done on vm370 ... the system/r supervisor could
have r/w access to virtual segments ... while applications were
limited to r/o access to the same virtual segments.

system/r
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MMIX meltdown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: MMIX meltdown
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 24 May 2018 23:05:28 -0700

nmm@wheeler.UUCP (Nick Maclaren) writes:

If I recall, there were some issues with the memory management, which
is why it was revised for the Titan.  But they paled into insignificance
compared with those on the much later IBM PC/RT.

supposedly much of CP/67 release 1 scheduling & paging was straight out
of CTSS ... with the other part of CTSS group having gone to 5th flr to
do multics and unix inherits some of that ... i've joked some amount of
aix for pc/rt reminded me of cp/67 release 1. MIT Lincoln Labs rewrote
it for CP/67 release 2, and then I rewrote that.

545tech sq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MMIX meltdown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: MMIX meltdown
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Fri, 25 May 2018 09:31:22 -0700

nmm@wheeler.UUCP (Nick Maclaren) writes:

If I recall, there were some issues with the memory management, which
is why it was revised for the Titan.  But they paled into
insignificance compared with those on the much later IBM PC/RT.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#28 MMIX meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#29 MMIX meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#30 MMIX meltdown

other PC/RT trivia ... the when the decision to kill the displaywriter
followon (801/risc ROMP chip, being done w/o needing problem/supervisor
state, and in pl.8 on cp.r) and then retarget to unix workstation
market, they hired the company that had done the AT&T unix port to
IBM/PC for PC/IX, to do port to ROMP (which now required
problem/supervisor) ... some of the IBMers then did some stuff in pl.8
to wrap around the edges of unix for PC/RT AIX (as IBM added value).

there was another group in palo alto that was working on port of BSD to
ibm mainframe and hired Metaware (translafor writer system group in
santa cruz) for mainframe C. They than got redirected to do BSD port to
PC/RT instead (and Metaware to do a C ROMP backend). This was a straight
BSD port and released as "AOS" mainly available for universities.

the people in palo alto, besides working with USC on BSD ... was also
working with UCLA on Locus ... and produced ports for both mainframe and
PS2 that came out as AIX/370 and AIX/386 (totally different from the
Austin AIX AT&T unix port for 801/risc).

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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