List of Archived Posts

2019 Newsgroup Postings (07/09 - )

The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
Here's how to tame browser-tab madness in Chrome and Firefox
Rise and Fall of IBM
A crashing disappointment!
IBM Midrange today?
Don't Blame Capitalism
Fernando Corbato, a Father of Your Computer (and Your Password), Dies at 93
You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
IBM TCP/IP
Rise and Fall of IBM
IBM Midrange today?
CalPERS Sleaze Watch: Showcases Criminal Ex-General "Betray-Us" as Keynote Speaker at Offsite
Page through computer history with this complete scan of NeXT's Fall 1989 catalog
U.S. proposes barring big tech companies from offering financial services, digital currencies
Packard Bell/Apple
Scientist, war hero and gay icon Alan Turing is new face of the GBP50 note
The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business
No budget. On the brink of default. It's a hell of a way to run a country
Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
Moonshot - IBM 360 ?
The Coming Boeing Bailout?
A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
Chrysler DeSoto
Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
direct couple
Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing
Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
The Coming Economic Crash -- And How to Stop It
Nobel Economist Angus Deaton: Inequality is Destroying Democratic Capitalism
UK Recovers $42 Billion By Stopping Tax Evasion
William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
The Great Hack tells us data corrupts
The Great Hack tells us data corrupts
The People Who Invented the Internet: #Reviewing The Imagineers of War
The People Who Invented the Internet: #Reviewing The Imagineers of War
George Will Changes His Mind--But Stays True to His Convictions
Trump's Message to U.S. Intelligence Officials: Be Loyal or Leave
The Roots of Boeing's 737 Max Crisis: A Regulator Relaxes Its Oversight
Capital One's breach was inevitable, because we did nothing after Equifax
Capital One Data Breach-100 Million Customers affected
Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds
Private Equity: The Perps Behind Destructive Hospital Surprise Billing
Rep. Cheney Accuses Tribes of "Destroying our Western Way of Life" Over Sacred Grizzly Protections
Sand and Steel
SS Trust Fund
Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
Recent climate and heat news
The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
Those 'rat infested' places in Baltimore? They're owned by Trump's son-in-law
Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
The Trump Administration Is Using the Full Power of the U.S. Surveillance State Against Whistleblowers
Disabled by default: Microsoft ups the ante in its war against VBScript on Internet Explorer
Newsflash: Trump and DeVos Do Not Want to Get Government Out of For-Profit College Industry
China's VT5 tank adds 'active protection'
IBM 360/67
IBM 360/67
IBM 360/67
IBM 370/195
IBM 3330 & 3380
How the Supreme Court Is Rebranding Corruption
What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
Decline of IBM
Decline of IBM
Decline of IBM
Decline of IBM
Decline of IBM
Employers escape sanctions, while the undocumented risk lives and prosecution
The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
Where do byte orders come from, Nova vs PDP-11
The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
Why The Dollar Rules The World - And Why Its Reign Could End
Steve King Devised an Insane Formula to Claim Undocumented Immigrants Are Taking Over America
Former Madoff Whistleblower Attacks GE Over $40 Billion Accounting Shortfall
The Hottest July, How Climate Change is Breaking Temperature Records in 2019
How nuclear weapons research revealed new climate threats
CEO compensation has grown 940% since 1978
A Secret Opioid Memo That Could Have Slowed an Epidemic
The Forgotten Story of Operation Anvil
Why F-5s Beat Out F-16s For The Navy's Latest Commercial Aggressor Contract
The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It

The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
Date: 09 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#91 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

America Should Support Russia's Efforts Against Glorifying Nazism
https://nationalinterest.org/feature/america-should-support-russia%E2%80%99s-efforts-against-glorifying-nazism-66256

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Here's how to tame browser-tab madness in Chrome and Firefox

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Here's how to tame browser-tab madness in Chrome and Firefox
Date: 10 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

Here's how to tame browser-tab madness in Chrome and Firefox; Tons of
open tabs can tax your computer and your patience. Relieve the stress
on both with these six tips, settings, and free utilities.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90372036/heres-how-to-tame-browser-tab-madness-in-chrome-and-firefox

Early 80s, we were doing lots of studies about human factors and
waiting for the next screen to appear ... and work on how to make it
look (nearly) instantaneous switch from previous screen to next
screen. WEB messed that all up in the early 90s with synchronous
wait. Early 2000 with appearance of tabs ... I did my own mini spider
... wget/curl fetch 100 "news" service pages ... figure between
previous saved page and new page for new URLs, double check that I
hadn't seen the new URLs and then automagic load each new news item
URL in different background tab ... frequently 200-300 items (a couple
times a day, sometimes several times more). That way I can switch each
news item tab effectively instantaneously with no waiting (even better
than physical newspaper or news magazine).  Things got a little more
complex when webservers started looking for robots, the tab loader
couldn't just concurrently fetch a dozen URLs from the same web server
... there had to be a multiple second delay between each automated
background tab fetch from the same webserver (but it could be done in
the background w/o me having to wait).

past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#54 Is there a way to configure your web browser to use multiple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#48 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#50 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#60 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#66 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#8 big endian vs. little endian, why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#41 Moz 1.8 performance dramatically improved
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#13 RFC 2616 change proposal to increase speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#51 Intel abandons USEnet news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#85 Which of the latest browsers do you prefer and why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#29 How were you using the internet 10 years ago and how does that differ from how you use it today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#54 Windowed Interfaces 1981-2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#72 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#22 OT:  PC clock failure--CMOS battery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#39 Unix systems and Serialization mechanism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#61 Agents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#19 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#90 Just for a laugh ... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#39 PDP-10 and Vax, was System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#88 Parallel programming may not be so daunting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#73 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#43 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rise and Fall of IBM

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Rise and Fall of IBM
Date: 10 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

Rise and Fall of IBM ... from mid-90s by former IBM executive
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm
https://www.ecole.org/en/65/CM200195-ENG.pdf

also Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time
Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of
the 70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were
being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited
with giving clone processor makers market foothold:

and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of
free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no
waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in
the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S
took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the
very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

re: boeing:

within year after taking 2hr intro to computing/fortran, univ. hires
me fulltime to be responsible for academic & administration IBM
mainframe sysems. Then before I graduate, I'm hired into small group
in Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computing
Services/Systems (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent
business unit to better monetise the investment, including offering
services to non-Boeing entitiies, one of the early
private/public/hybrid "clouds"). At the time, I thot Renton datacenter
was possibly largest in the world, $200M-$300M (60s $$$) in IBM 360s,
360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly
being staged in hallways around the machine room (when I graduate,
instead of staying at Boeing, I join the IBM science center at MIT).

2016 Boeing 100yr Century publication had article that "merger" with
M/D nearly took down the company and might yet still. 737MAX articles
have included some references to Boeing safety engineers leaving after
the M/D take-over.

re: ibm disk

Late 80s, senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at internal,
annual, world-wide communication group conference, supposedly on 3174
performance, but opened the talk that the communication group was
going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue
was the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with its
corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed the
datacenter walls and was fighting off client/server and distributed
computing trying to preserve their (emulated) dumb terminal paradigm
and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the
mainframe datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms
with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number
of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the
communication group.

As a partial work around, senior disk executive (i.e. GPD/AdStar) was
doing investing in distributed computing startups that would support
mainframe as backend (with non-dumb terminal protocol) and/or at least
use IBM disks. He would invite us in periodically and ask us if we
would drop by any of his investments and lend a hand where we could.

dumb terminal references/posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

As a partial work around, senior disk executive (i.e. GPD/AdStar) was
doing investing in distributed computing startups that would support
mainframe as backend (with non-dumb terminal protocol) and/or at least
use IBM disks. He would invite us in periodically and ask us if we
would drop by any of his investments and lend a hand where we could.

as part of distributed computing, he also funded original POSIX
support in MVS ... and since it didn't (directly) involve something
that crossed datacenter walls, the communication group couldn't veto
it (he could even claim some amount of SAA, moving distributed
computing apps to mainframe).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A crashing disappointment!

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: A crashing disappointment!
Newsgroups: uk.d-i-y, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 12 Jul 2019 08:15:43 -1000

Gareth's was W7 now W10 Downstairs Computer <headstone255@yahoo.com>
writes:

Are apprenticeships still a valid approach with so many of our
traditional big industries going the way of the Dodo?

23June1969, IBM Unbundling announcement, started to charge for
(application) software (had made the case that kernel software should
still be free), SE services, maintenance, etc.

IBM SE training had included sort of apprenticeships as part of large
group onsite at customer premise. As part of unbundling, they couldn't
figure out how NOT to charge for the apprentice SEs in-training.

This gave rise to HONE (hands-on network experience), virtual machine
CP67 services around the US with online access at branch offices, where
SEs could practice with guest operating systems running in virtual
machines.

The science center, besides doing virtual machines, first CP40/CMS
hardware modifying 360/40 to add virtual memory ... some past info
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

which then morphed into CP67/CMS when 360/67 (virtual memory standard)
becomes available ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS

also did a port of APL\360 to CMS as CMS\APL. HONE then started offering
APL-based sales&marketing support applications ... which came to
dominate all HONE activity (and the SE use with guest operating system
just faded away).

trivia (regarding wiki entry): Three people had come out to install CP67
at the univ last week of Jan1968. I then got to play with CP67 on the
weekends (when the univ shutdown the datacenter) ... 3rd installation
after science center (itself) and MIT Lincoln Labs. There was then
product announcement/availability at spring '68 SHARE meeting in
Houston. Melinda's history paper
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/25paper.pdf

Mid-70s, HONE consolidated all its US datacenters in Palo Alto and
expanded its (virtual machine) VM370 to support single-system image
cluster support (load balancing & fall-over, eventually eight large
2-way SMPs) before the product had SMP support and decades before the
product shipped single system image support.

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating
systems for internal datacenters ... and HONE was long-time customer,
first CP67 ... and after I migrated a bunch of stuff, VM370 (in the
official morph of CP67 to VM370, a lot of CP67 stuff was dropped and/or
simplified, including a bunch of stuff that I had done as undergraduate
at the univ. in the 60s and IBM picked up and shipped in the product).

past posts mentiong 23June1969 unbundling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Midrange today?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Midrange today?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 12 Jul 2019 10:21:41 -1000

hancock4 writes:

RPG was an excellent language for its day.  Remember, that
was nearly 60 years ago and computers were much smaller
and less powerful.  Before the advent of 4GL's like
Easytrieve or DYL, RPG fit a need for "quick and dirty"
reports.

several spin-offs from science center ... offering virtual
machine based commercial services (first cp/67 and later
vm/370). Some also quickly moved up value stream to specializing in
services for financial industry and offerring 4GL languages (one of
people a decade at one such company involved in "first financial
language", then left to co-found software arts and do visicalc)

NCSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_CSS
had RAMIS from mathematica
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_software
then NOMAD (NCSS Owned, Maintained, and Developed)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software
more
https://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102658182

some mathematica people than doing RAMIS followon as FOCUS to be used
by TYMSHARE (on their virtual machine VM370/CMS offering, NCSS
competitor), prompting NCSS to do NOMAD
http://corphist.computerhistory.org/corphist/view.php?s=stories&id=139&PHPSESSID=ccd241...
more
http://www.decosta.com/Nomad/tales/history.html

tymshare
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

4th generation programming language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth-generation_programming_language

Also in the 70s, IBM San Jose Research did the original sql/relational
system/r on vm370 ... but had lots of fights with the rest of
corporation. While the corporation was preoccupied with EAGLE (next
new DBMS), managed to do tech transfer to Endicott and get it out as
SQL/DS. Later when EAGLE imploded, request was how fast could it be
ported to MVS ... and was eventually released as DB2, originally for
decision support *ONLY*.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
virtual machine commerecial online service posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online
system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

mentions science center spinoffs, as well as "First Financial Language"
done in 60s
https://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/access/text/2015/09/102702884-05-01-acc.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Don't Blame Capitalism

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Don't Blame Capitalism
Date: 12 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

Don't Blame Capitalism
https://bostonreview.net/forum/finding-future-radical-rural-america/matt-stoller-don%E2%80%99t-blame-capitalism

On War
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8
from intro, loc394-95:

As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not
seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the
undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the
State.

... snip ...

the government needed general population standard of living sufficient
that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of
life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to
the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier
motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the
capitalists in raising the general population standard of living.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria
with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do
business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at
NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad
reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they
approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with
Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the
pledge of allegiance.

"Confidence Men", includes several references that during recent
economic mess, wallstreet used EHM tactics against our own
people. Other references were about new president having to choose
between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team
was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have
held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would
have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president
chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible)
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

(military) "Team B" has Colby not approving the analysis and Rumsfeld
getting Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis
(justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces
Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and
is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

US is supporting Iraq in Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_Wara
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including
supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

note that VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no
knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis along with other
members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

later when Bush1 is president (and Cheney is SECDEF), it comes up that
Bush1 ran Iran/Contra
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/
loc2752-54:

Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White House operation
of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither Pollard nor the
government of Israel was aware that they had smashed George Bush's
first shipment of arms to Iran."

... snip ...

Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling
forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such
thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst
informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade
Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the
Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is vp, Rumsfeld is SECDEF,
and one of the "Team B" member is deputy SECDEF (and major architect
of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card
... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that
WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, the cousin's book was
published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

military-industrial-complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate
reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted
for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and
(directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of
modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not
in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders
were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around
to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Last decade, Bush2 also presides over the economic mess 70 times
larger than his father's S&L crisis. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal
convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should
have 70,000 (criminal convictions with jailtime), so far nobody.

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fernando Corbato, a Father of Your Computer (and Your Password), Dies at 93

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fernando Corbató, a Father of Your Computer (and Your Password), Dies at 93
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 13 Jul 2019 06:36:05 -1000

Fernando Corbato, a Father of Your Computer (and Your Password), Dies
at 93
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/12/science/fernando-corbato-dead.html

C.T.S.S. gave rise to a successor project called Multics, which
Dr. Corbató also led. He told the Babbage Institute, "Multics started
out as kind of a wish list of what we would like to see in a big
computer system that might be made as a commercial model."

Multics was a collaboration among M.I.T., AT&T's Bell Laboratories and
General Electric. It failed as a commercial endeavor, but it inspired a
team of computer scientists at Bell Labs to create Unix, a computer
operating system that took root in the 1970s and was adopted widely in
the '80s and '90s.

... snip ...

some of the CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
then went to 5th flr to do Multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics

others went to the science center on the 4th flr
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambridge_Scientific_Center
and did virtual machines
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS
the IBM internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about
the beginning until sometime mid-80s) technology also used for the
corporate sponsored BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet
for a time)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

CTSS RUNOFF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TYPSET_and_RUNOFF
was also done for CMS as SCRIPT and then GML was invented at the science
center in 1969 and GML tag processing was added to SCRIPT a decade
later, GML morphs into ISO standard SGML and after another decade,
morphs into HTML at CERN.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
script, gml, sgml, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You paid taxes. These corporations didn't

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
Date: 13 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
https://publicintegrity.org/business/taxes/trumps-tax-cuts/you-paid-taxes-these-corporations-didnt/

In 2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse, spending
couldn't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal
debt. 2005 comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody
in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly
they were savaging the budget), completely different republican
congress than the one that originally passed the act. CBO 2010 report
was that 2003-2009, taxes was cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T
for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. Sort of confluence
of Federal Reserve and wallstreet wanting huge federal debt, special
interests and wallstreet wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial
complex wanting huge spending increase (first time taxes were cut to
not pay for two wars, now exceeding $6T).

A big part of the $6T cut was the enormous new loopholes added for
special interest and corporations.

One of the CBO analyst had same last name, I remember in one meeting
where we were all introducing ourselves, I managed that we aren't
related, that I knew off.

Since demise of fiscal responsibility in 2002 they keep coming up with
excuses/fabrication for further tax cuts

Start of this decade, the enormous tax loopholes from the previous
decade (after the turn of the century) weren't reversed, but some of
the spending was reduced, so it slowed the debt increase. Most recent
administration has had further significant cuts in corporate taxes as
well as spending increases, resuming acceleration in debt increase.

Other contributing factors ... from comments in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism

Bush2 after turn of century presided over "economic mess", 70 times
larger than his father's S&L crises in the 80s.

Bush2 presided over the start of "perpetual wars", IRAQ2 invastion
justified originally by Iraq supported Al Qaeda and would only cost
$50B (now well over 100 times that original claim), then changed to
WMDs. Before the invasion, they were told about decommissioned WMDs
from the 80s Iran/Iraq war tracing back to the US ... in fact those
decommissioned WMDs were found shortly after the invasion, but the
information was keep classified for a decade.

Note: Bush1 80s involvement in middle east included Saudia Arabia
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates
in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts
to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up
large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't
hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the
world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

and from truth is stranger than fiction and the law of unintended
consequences that come back to bite you, bin Laden & 15of16 9/11
were Saudis.

The other problem after the turn of century (besides economic mess
that nearly took down the country, enormous tax cuts and spending
increases, perpetual wars, etc) was huge uptic in gov. outsourcing to
for-profit companies. Private-equity companies were buying up
government contractors and beltway bandits, hiring prominent
politicians to lobby for outsourcing to their companies.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster.

... snip ...

Companies in private equity mill are under intense pressure to cut
corners in order to push as much money up to their owners (also half
of corporate defaults are companies currently or previously in private
equity mill). Companies that got contracts to do security clearances
were found to be doing paper work, but not doing the background
checks. Just Intelligence had 70% of the budget and half the people
outsourced (which is claimed to have contributed to any number of
intelligence failues).
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and accelerating the rapidly spreading success of failure culture
(companies make more profit from a series of failures, analogous to
"perpetual wars", actually winning could result in reducing budget)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Another example is the OPM website hack/breach ... which had been
outsourced to another private-equity owned company. OPM Contractor's
Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/

Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas
Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming
close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many
defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has
been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued
company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and
Afghanistan.

... snip ...

fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
comptroller general posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM TCP/IP

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM TCP/IP
Date: 13 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

Communication group fought hard to block mainframe TCP/IP from being
released. When they lost, they then said release had to be done
through the communication group. For various reasons, what shipped got
44kbytes/sec aggregate using nearly full 3090 processor. I then did
the support for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research
between Cray and 4341, got full sustained channel media throughput
using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times
improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

Communication group also fought me from being on the XTP technical
advisory board. We took XTP to X3S3.3 (ISO chartered US ansi standards
... for network/transport layer) as high-speed protocol. It was turned
down because ISO had requirement that network protocols had to
conforrm to OSI model. XTP (high-speed protocol) didn't conforrm to
OSI because 1) XTP supported internetworking protocol which doesn't
exist in OSI (sitting between transport and network), 2) XTP supported
LAN/MAC interface which doesn't existing in OSI model (MAC interface
somewhere in the middle of network layer 3), and 3) XTP went directly
from transport to MAC layer, bypassing transport/network interface.

We had a joke that while IETF (internet standards body) had
requirement that there be at least two interoperable implementations
for standard to progress in the process ... while ISO could pass a
standard that couldn't even be implementable.

After leaving IBM, IETF RFC (standards) editor Postel would let me
help him with the periodically released STD1

other trivia: some time later the communication group hired a silicon
valley contractor to implement TCP/IP support directly in VTAM. He
initially demo'ed TCP/IP running much faster than LU6.2. He was then
told that everybody *knows* that a *proper* TCP/IP implementation runs
much slower than LU6.2 ... and they would only be paying for a
*proper* TCP/IP implementation

IBM had effort to respond to NSF RFP to upgrade backbone to T3
(44mbits/sec). There was couple dozen people from half dozen
labs. that were the "blue team". I had been critical and disparaging
about various IBM efforts ... and they asked me to be the RED team
(possibly assuming that the blue team would show me up). At the final
review, I presented first ... then the blue team. Five minutes into
the blue team presentation, the executive in charge, pounded on the
table and said he would lie down in front of a garbage truck before he
allowed anything but the blue team proposal to go forward ... I get up
and leave.

RFC 1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
NSF network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
XTP/HSP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rise and Fall of IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Rise and Fall of IBM
Date: 10 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#2 Rise and Fall of IBM

AMEX was in competition with KKR for LBO take-over of RJR and KKR won:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
KKR then ran into trouble and hired away the president of AMEX to
help. He then left KKR to become IBM CEO ... and introduces some of
the same financial engineering techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Stockman (Reagan's budget director) in "The Great Deformation: The
Corruption of Capitalism in America" (and more financial engineering)
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on
steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company
spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure
that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year
period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

the former AMEX president leaves IBM to become head of (another) large
private equity fund ... was specializing in buying government
contractors and beltway bandits (including one that will employ
Snowden). Agencies can't lobby congress and companies can't use
gov. contract funds to lobby congress, but PE owners appear to be
under no such restrictions ... hiring prominent politicians to lobby
congress to outsource business to their companies. Companies in
PE-mill are under intense pressure to cut corners in order to service
heavy debt load and push profits up to their owners (re: servicing
debt, half corporate defaults are companies currently or formally in
PE-mill, what is funny all the defaults don't seem to affect the
credit rating of the original PE-borrowers).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, just intelligence: 70% of
budget and over half the people:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and significantly speeding up the spreading success of failure
culture, lots more money for for-profit companies in PE-mills with a
series of failures (analogous to military-industrial complex
"perpetual war", actually winning a war might reduce the budget)
... claims that it also significantly contributes to the Intelligence
failures.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Midrange today?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Midrange today?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 14 Jul 2019 21:29:30 -1000

hancock4 writes:

Personally, I didn't see the advantage of all that layering.
The AS/400 took a lot from the failed Future System.  To me,
they should've kept it simple, and followed the S/360
tradition, though maintaining compatibility with the S/3x series.

original AS/400 was "Fort Knox" ... next generation Rochester merging
variety of S/3* products and use a risc/801 processor (part of the
effort at the time to move all internal microprocessors to common
801/risc base, low&mid-range 370, AS/400, controllers, etc ... for
various reasons all the efforts floundered and returned to traditional
custom CISC microprocessors). The floundering Fort Knox was way behind
schedule and never came out ... "Silverlake" was merged followon for
both s/36 and s/38.
https://wiki.midrange.com/index.php/Silverlake

The Project Silverlake started as a sequel to a predecessor project
code-named Fort Knox. The Fort Knox project had a lofty goal of
creating the ultimate minicomputer in response to the successes of
Digital Equipment Corporation(DEC) in the early 1980s. It was given
the code name Fort Knox after the location of the U.S. government's
gold depository.

The goal of Fort Knox was to unify several smaller IBM computers then
on the market and put DEC and other competitors on the run. Due to a
rigid development process, the specifications for creating this
computer grew more complex as each day passed. By 1985, it became
obvious that the development team was years away from a workable
product for the market, and the project was canceled.

...

The Silverlake project was highly ambitious, but strict controls were
put in place to keep its scope under the reins. Instead of everything
being invested from the ground up, key building blocks were taken from
the completed parts of the Fort Knox project as well as from two of
the products being replaced--the System 36 and the System 38
minicomputers.

... snip ...

http://ibmsystemsmag.com/ibmi/trends/italk-with-tuohy/soltis-part2/
http://gallery.lib.umn.edu/exhibits/show/digital-state/ibm-rochester
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System_i#History

(Silverlake) AS/400 did eventually move to 801/risc ... in this case
power/pc ... but a decade later.

801/risc, iliad, fort knox, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power/pc
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CalPERS Sleaze Watch: Showcases Criminal Ex-General "Betray-Us" as Keynote Speaker at Offsite

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: CalPERS Sleaze Watch: Showcases Criminal Ex-General "Betray-Us" as Keynote Speaker at Offsite
Date: 15 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

CalPERS' Hedge Fund With 34% Stake in National Enquirer Parent Alleged To Be "Parking" Rather Than Selling
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/07/calpers-dedicated-hedge-fund-that-holds-34-stake-in-national-enquirer-parent-alleged-be-parking-rather-than-selling.html

CalPERS Sleaze Watch: Showcases Criminal Ex-General "Betray-Us" as Keynote Speaker at Offsite
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/07/calpers-sleaze-watch-showcases-criminal-ex-general-betray-us-as-keynote-speaker-at-offsite.html

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

KKR & Petreaus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn//home/lynn/nge/htm/2015b.html#71 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn//home/lynn/nge/htm/2015c.html#16 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn//home/lynn/nge/htm/2016.html#94 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn//home/lynn/nge/htm/2016d.html#98 Trust in Government Is Collapsing Around the World

other past calpers posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#52 independent appraisers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#64 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#10 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#22 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#7 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#36 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#51 OT:  DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#22 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#23 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#56 'I hope I can quit working in a few years': A preview of the U.S. without pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#58 Prepare for the bankrupt government pension plans!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#48 7 Charts Exposing The Nation's Pension Nightmare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Page through computer history with this complete scan of NeXT's Fall 1989 catalog

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Page through computer history with this complete scan of NeXT's Fall 1989 catalog
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 15 Jul 2019 07:55:51 -1000

Page through computer history with this complete scan of NeXT's
Fall 1989 catalog
https://www.theverge.com/2019/7/14/20693893/next-1989-fall-catalog-scan-archive-org-kevin-savetz-computer-history-browse

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

U.S. proposes barring big tech companies from offering financial services, digital currencies

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: U.S. proposes barring big tech companies from offering financial services, digital currencies
Date: 15 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

U.S. proposes barring big tech companies from offering financial services, digital currencies
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-cryptocurrency-bill/u-s-proposes-barring-big-tech-companies-from-offering-financial-services-digital-currencies-idUSKCN1U90NL

note: almost same as rhetoric on floor of congress regarding "primary
purpose" of GLBA (now better known for repeal of Glass-Steagall)
... keeping new competition out of banking (especially tech companies)

Glass-Steagall &/or Pecora hearing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Packard Bell/Apple

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Packard Bell/Apple
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 15 Jul 2019 08:51:17 -1000

Andreas Kohlbach <ank@spamfence.net> writes:

Today I watched a Youtuber visiting Oslo in Norway. He said in the US
he's (or was, might be older) lucky to see one Tesla per days. One hour
after he arrived in Oslo he saw already five.

According to
https://www.cnet.com/roadshow/news/electric-vehicle-majority-market-share-norway-march
58% of cars sold in March in Norway were EVs.

last month was in mainland china, lots and lots of motorbikes and
scooters, all electric ... never saw a single gas powered (scary on
sidewalks, can't hear them coming up behind you). Still lots of gas
powered cars ... but did see lots of Teslas (and other electric cars).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Scientist, war hero and gay icon Alan Turing is new face of the GBP50 note

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Scientist, war hero and gay icon Alan Turing is new face of the GBP50 note
Date: 15 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

Scientist, war hero and gay icon Alan Turing is new face of the GBP50 note
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/07/15/bank_of_england_alan_turing_50_note/

After suffering from side-effects, Turing killed himself in 1954 by
ingesting cyanide by the way of a poisoned apple - although rumours
that he was poisoned by government spooks have endured to this day.

... snip ...

Britain's GBP50 Note Will Honor Computing Pioneer Alan Turing
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/1a5/business/alan-turing-50-pound-note.html

During his lifetime, the mathematician and computer pioneer's
reputation was overshadowed by a conviction under Britain's Victorian
laws against homosexuality, and his war work remained a secret until
decades later.

... snip ...

Just reading  "Sand and Steel"
https://www.amazon.com/Sand-Steel-Invasion-Liberation-France-ebook/dp/B07PPVG8HG/

includes significant role that Bletchley Park played in WW2 (of course
being in computer geek, ran into many accounts over the years)

posts mentioning Bletchley &/or Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#16 How many Megaflops and when?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#6 Security models
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#39 How To Abandon Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#17 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#28 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#36 Wylbur and Paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#62 UK computer history gets new home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#36 A Tribute to Jim Gray: Sometimes Nice Guys Do Finish First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#9 Bletchley Park fires up replica Turing Bombe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#55 Publisher of Geek's Atlas to help save Bletchley Park
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#78 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#76 Internet pioneer Paul Baran
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#73 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#24 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#72 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#49 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#22 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#91 IBM Jargon and General Computing Dictionary Tenth Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#84 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#39 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#101 The head of the Census Bureau just quit, and the consequences are huge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#88 WW II cryptography

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business
Date: 17 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost
halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great
news for the data center business
https://www.businessinsider.com/software-private-data-centers-morgan-stanley-cloud-computing-2019-7

several spin-offs from science center ... offering virtual machine
based commercial services (first cp/67 and later vm/370). Some also
quickly moved up value stream to specializing in services for
financial industry and offerring 4GL languages (one of people a decade
at one such company involved in "first financial language", then left
to co-found software arts and do visicalc) ... lots of innovation in
services

NCSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_CSS
had RAMIS from mathematica
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_software
then NOMAD (NCSS Owned, Maintained, and Developed)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software
more
https://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102658182

some mathematica people than doing RAMIS followon as FOCUS to be used
by TYMSHARE (on their virtual machine VM370/CMS offering, NCSS
competitor), prompting NCSS to do NOMAD
http://corphist.computerhistory.org/corphist/view.php?s=stories&id=139&PHPSESSID=ccd241...
more
http://www.decosta.com/Nomad/tales/history.html

tymshare
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

4th generation programming language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth-generation_programming_language

Also in the 70s, IBM San Jose Research did the original sql/relational
system/r on vm370 ... but had lots of fights with the rest of
corporation. While the corporation was preoccupied with EAGLE (next
new DBMS), managed to do tech transfer to Endicott and get it out as
SQL/DS. Later when EAGLE imploded, request was how fast could it be
ported to MVS ... and was eventually released as DB2, originally for
decision support *ONLY*.

mentions science center spinoffs, as well as "First Financial
Language" done in 60s
https://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/access/text/2015/09/102702884-05-01-acc.pdf

Within a year after taking intro to computing/fortran, the univ hired
me to be fulltime for the ibm mainframe systems (academic &
administration). Then before I graudate, I'm hired into a small group
in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer
systems/services (consolidate dataprocessing into an independent
business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering
services to non-Boeing entities). At the time, I thought Renton
datacenter was possibly largest in the world, something like (60s $$)
$200M-$300M in IBM mainframe, 360/65s were arriving faster than they
could be installed, boxes constantly in the hallways around the
machine room (when I graduate, I join the IBM science center at MIT
rather than staying at Boeing).

One of the things that the science center (also offered services, but
mostly to other IBM locations, although also had users from local
cambridge/boston eductational institutions, staff, students,
professors) and the spin-offs dealt with, was transition to 7x24
elastic, ondemand services as well as very strong security (to isolate
different groups of users, some of the spin-offs served competitive
financial organizations that had their own proprietary information).

of course, at the time there was also various gov. agencies that also
had very strong security requirements ... ref. gone 404, but lives on
at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

online commercial services posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.hhtml#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

No budget. On the brink of default. It's a hell of a way to run a country

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: No budget. On the brink of default. It's a hell of a way to run a country.
Date: 17 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

No budget. On the brink of default. It's a hell of a way to run a country.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/no-budget-on-the-brink-of-default-its-a-hell-of-a-way-to-run-a-country/2019/07/17/71b9ff36-a8b5-11e9-a3a6-ab670962db05_story.html

The dangers created by our fiscal situation are significant. In two
years, the federal government will spend more on interest than on
children. Within six years, interest will eclipse how much we spend on
defense. We are utterly unprepared for the aging of society, and we
will likely enter the next recession with a debt relative to the
economy twice as large as when the recession of 2008 hit.

... snip ...

In 2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse, spending
couldn't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal
debt. 2005 comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody
in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly
they were savaging the budget), completely different republican
congress than the one that originally passed the act. CBO 2010 report
was that 2003-2009, taxes was cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T
for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. Sort of confluence
of Federal Reserve and wallstreet wanting huge federal debt, special
interests and wallstreet wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial
complex wanting huge spending increase (first time taxes were cut to
not pay for two wars, now exceeding $6T).

A big part of the $6T cut was the enormous new loopholes added for
special interest and corporations.

fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
comptroller general posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jul 2019 09:11:20 -1000

Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so
Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/07/18/microsoft_rust_security/

The majority of vulnerabilities fixed and with a CVE assigned are caused
by developers inadvertently inserting memory corruption bugs into their
C and C++ code. As Microsoft increases its code base and uses more Open
Source Software in its code, this problem isn't getting better, it's
getting worse.

... snip ...

I've pontificated about this for some time. Some years ago I did some
analysis of all CVE entries and then talked to Mitre about improving
reporting characteristics for identifying classes of exploits. At the
time, Mitre claimed that they were lucky to getting any descriptions at
all ... and making requirements for descriptions could even reduce it
further

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#43 security taxonomy and CVE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#20 Why does Windows allow Worms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#20 [Lit.] Buffer overruns

other posts mentioning memory corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#overflow

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Moonshot - IBM 360 ?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Moonshot - IBM 360 ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jul 2019 10:05:41 -1000

David Wade <g4ugm@dave.invalid> writes:

As other have said the panel was really for the use of the Engineer.
So no the CPU registers were not one separate lights. Instead they
could be displayed on the same lights as were used to display main
storage, Switches and scroll wheels being used to select either a
storage address or a register.

I you are interested the operation of the panel is discussed in the
"functional characteristics" manuals, one for each model. Several of
these are on bitsavers.

within year after taking intro to computers/fortran, univ. hires me full
time to be responsible for academic and administration ibm mainframe
systems. Univ. shutdown the datacenter from 8am sat.  to 8am monday
... and I would have the whole place to myself for 48hrs straight
(although 48hrs w/o sleep could make monday classes difficult). They had
709/1401 combo but were in process transition to 360/67 (for
tss/360). As part of transition they replaced 1401 with 360/30
... (barely) ran os/360 ... but could also run in 1401 emulation
mode. The 709 and 360/30 was replaced with 360/67 ... but tss/360 never
did make it to mature production mode ... so mostly ran as 360/65 with
os/360.

I spent large amount of time at the front console of the 360/30 and then
360/67 on weekends ... toggles on front panel could be used to store
value (not just display values in the lights).

pg41 has drawing of 360/67 front panel
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/GA27-2719-2_360-67_funcChar.pdf

bottom of diagram, in the middle, has buttons for both "display" and
"store".

following pages 42-44, have detailed description ... even being able to
set an address and have the machine enter stopped state when execution
reached that address ... then single cycle execute one instruction at a
time (trying to isolate/understand some failure).

to the left bottom has system meter with CE key ... that could be
switched into CE mode. This is when IBM still rented/leased systems ...
and customer system meter was used for billing.

the system meter ran whenever the CPU(s) and/or any channels were busy
... and required everything be idle for 400ms before coming to a stop.

Trivia: long after IBM had switched to sales, MVS still had a timer
system task that woke up every 400ms (guaranteeing that system meter
never came to a stop, even when otherwise totally idle)

for cp/67, the science center (and the cp/67 commercial science center
spinoffs) spent a large amount of effort to have the system up 7x24
... but reduce/eliminate offshift expenses ... dark room, no human
available, system meter not run when system idle ... this included
special CCW channel programs that would allow channels to go idle, but
instantly wake up whenever any characters arrived.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Coming Boeing Bailout?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Coming Boeing Bailout?
Date: 19 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout

Unlike Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than
engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas
executives somehow took power in what analysts started calling a
"reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought
Boeing with Boeing's money."

... snip ...

2016 Boeing "century" publication had article that the merger with M/D
nearly took down Boeing and might yet still. More recent articles
about senior safety engineers resigning after the M/D takeover

Former Boeing Engineers Say Relentless Cost-Cutting Sacrificed Safety
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-05-09/former-boeing-engineers-say-relentless-cost-cutting-sacrificed-safety

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning Boeing:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#69 Digital Planes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#38 Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#39 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#69 Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#25 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#2 Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#16 The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
Date: 19 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate
Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
https://time.com/5630009/heatwave-climate-crisis-june-record/

Arctic Summer Melt Shows Ice Is Disappearing Faster Than Normal
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-07-19/arctic-summer-melt-shows-ice-is-disappearing-faster-than-normal
Last Month Was the Hottest June on Earth Ever Recorded
https://www.livescience.com/65977-june-2019-record-global-temp.html
June was hottest ever recorded on Earth, European satellite agency
announces
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/june-hottest-month-ever-earth-2019-weather-heatwave-hot-a8984691.html
'Precipitous' fall in Antarctic sea ice since 2014 revealed
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/01/precipitous-fall-in-antarctic-sea-ice-revealed
'It's getting warmer, wetter, wilder': the Arctic town heating faster
than anywhere
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/ng-interactive/2019/jul/01/its-getting-warmer-wetter-wilder-the-arctic-town-heating-faster-than-anywhere

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 20 Jul 2019 10:35:36 -1000

Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:

Nothing to stop you using a storage/transfer format like this,
various variations of tag-length-value have been used for decades. No need
for another OS just a library.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#18 Rust in peace: Memory bugs
in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering
alternatives once again

unix&c convention had implicit record length based on character in the
stream

os/360 had explicit length convention for buffers and variable length
records, language libraries always checked length and most assembler
code had convention to always check length (from length specification
for variable length records and declared length for fixed length
records)

multics originally all implemented in PLI (although some later recoded
in assembler for performance) ... with similar conventions. Old thread
referencing review Air Force Multics security study, 30yrs later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#42 Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security Evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#44 Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security Evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#45 Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security Evaluation

2.2 Security as Standard Product Feature
2.3 No Buffer Overflows
2.4 Minimizing Complexity

http://www.acsac.org/2002/papers/classic-multics.pdf

from the intro in the above:

This Research Report consists of two invited papers for the Classic
Papers section of the 18 th Annual Computer Security Applications
Conference (ACSAC) to be held 9-13 December 2002 in Las Vegas, NV. The
papers will be available on the web after the conference at
http://www.acsac.org/

The first paper, Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security
Evaluation, is a commentary on the second paper, discussing the
implications of the second paper's results on contemporary computer
security issues. Copyright will be transferred on the first paper.

The second paper, Multics Security Evaluation: Vulnerability Analysis
is a reprint of a US Air Force report, first published in 1974. It is
a government document, approved for public release, distribution
unlimited, and is not subject to copyright. This reprint does not
include the original computer listings. They can be found at
http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/history/karg74.pdf

... snip ...

NIST since moved to (although above redirects)
https://csrc.nist.gov/csrc/media/publications/conference-paper/1998/10/08/proceedings-of-the-21st-nissc-1998/documents/early-cs-papers/karg74.pdf

other (old) pontificating on the subject in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#3 Buffer overruns

related archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#overflow

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
Date: 21 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#21 A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal

Red-hot planet: All-time heat records have been set all over the world
during the past week
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/capital-weather-gang/wp/2018/07/03/hot-planet-all-time-heat-records-have-been-set-all-over-the-world-in-last-week/

above july 5, 2018 ... july 5, 2019:

Europe's Heat Wave Fried The Global Temperature Record
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/danvergano/europe-heat-wave-hottest-ever-june
Whoa! Alaska Is Hotter Than NYC. Here's Why
https://www.livescience.com/65877-anchorage-alaska-record-breaking-heat.html

July 6, 2019:

Record-Breaking Heat Around the World (in Photos)
https://psmag.com/news/record-breaking-heat-around-the-world-in-photos

July 17, 2019:

Heat Wave to Hit Two-Thirds of the U.S. Here's What to Expect.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/17/us/weather-heat-wave.html

other recent posts mentioning climate:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#47 Astronomy topic drift
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#63 The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#34 Adding to Planetary Alarm Bells, Top US Finance Official Warns Climate Crisis a Recipe for Global Economic Collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#64 How to fight desertification and reverse climate change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chrysler DeSoto

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Chrysler DeSoto
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jul 2019 11:48:04 -1000

hancock4 writes:

Another old time car was the DeSoto.  Here's an ad for it (2 pages)
https://books.google.com/books?id=bVYEAAAAMBAJ&lpg=PA111&dq=life%20emerson%20air%20circular&pg=PA38-IA1#v=onepage&q&f=false

see also
https://books.google.com/books?id=PkkEAAAAMBAJ&lpg=PA164&dq=life%20desoto&pg=PA164#v=onepage&q&f=false
(preceding page has a fountain pen ad)

1st auto at college was 47 desoto with semi-automatic transmission,
I'm pretty sure it was "fluid drive"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluid_Drive
rather than presto-matic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presto-Matic

I had originally learned to drive when I was eight on 38chevy flatbed
truck, dual rear wheels, manual transmission with no synchromesh ...
everything was double clutch.
http://chevy.oldcarmanualproject.com/shop/1938/38csm251.html
and
http://chevy.oldcarmanualproject.com/shop/1938/38csm178.html

past posts learning to drive when 8
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#59 wrt code first, document later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#41 If there had been no MS-DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#19 Working while young
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#39 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#26 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#44 Just wondering what precisely happened to this newsgroup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#60 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#13 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#108 Apple's China Manufacturing blasted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#47 The Mother of All Demos: The 1968 presentation that sparked a tech revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#95 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#69 rationality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jul 2019 16:38:24 -1000

Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:

When implementing a capability type architecture the range checks have
to be performed in parallel with the memory read. Saving money by
performing the checks serially using the same adder is slow. So is
loading the array/memory pointers.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#18 Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#22 Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again

Tymshare
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
implemented a commercial capability operating system (GNOSIS) in the 70s
for their commercial online service.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS
It was spun-off in the 80s after M/D bought Tymshare. I was brought in
to evaluate GNOSIS as part of the spin-off as KeyKos to Key Logic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KeyKOS

They cut system pathlength by over 1/3rd in transition from GNOSIS to
KeyKOS ... by eliminating a huge amount of accounting pathlength in
every transition (they wanted to not only account for system resources
used by customers ... but they wanted to encourage third parth software
and databases ... so they needed to know which system resources were
being used so they could remit to 3rd parties).

Supposedly the highest performing (lowest "overhead") mainframe
operating system was TPF (renamed from ACP when other than
airlines started using it).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transaction_Processing_Facility

Key Logic reimplemented many of the ACP applications on KeyKOS and
showed them with higher throughput and performance than TPF ... w/o
sacrificing any security and integrity. Some claimed that they changed
how the applicatoin/system boundary paradigm operated allowing them to
significantly improve performance.

other references
http://www.cap-lore.com/Agorics/Library/KeyKos/gnosisShare.html
http://www.cap-lore.com/CapTheory/KK/Shap/eros-comparison.html
http://www.cap-lore.com/CapTheory/

more cap-lore/capability
http://www.cap-lore.com/
computing stories
http://www.cap-lore.com/stories/

other a.f.c. drift from llnl/tymshare/gnosis
http://www.llnl.gov/vcm/interviews/norman_hardy_1.html

and "Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing"
https://medium.com/chmcore/someone-elses-computer-the-prehistory-of-cloud-computing-bca25645f89

recent Tymshare/gnosis/keykos posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#21 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#77 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#33 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#4 IBM Midrange today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#16 The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

direct couple

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: direct couple
Date: 2d July 2019
Blog: Facebook

direct couple piece
http://www.softwarepreservation.org/projects/os/dc.html

precursor to 360 ASP. other trivia: my wife was in the gburg JES group
and one of the catchers for ASP turning into JES3. She was also
co-author of JESUS (JES unified system) ... all the features of HASP &
ASP (JES2/ & JES3) that neither customers could live w/o ... for
various reasons never happened.

other trivia: was undergraduate and within year of taking into to
computing/fortran (at the time 709 tape->tape with 1401 for unit
record, but quickly on path to upgrade to 360) was hired fulltime to
be responsible for ibm mainframe systems. Last week Jan1968, three
people from science center came out to install CP/67 at the
univ. (added to my duties). Then I was asked to attend Spring1968
SHARE meeting in Houston (and the "public" cp67 announce). There were
some number of people over from NASA including the IBM HASP
people. Some memory that they had five 360/75s running some sort of
4+1 operation, 5th machine acting as backup/checking/spare(?).

direct couple trivia: "The Direct Couple software package traveled
around the aerospace industry and was frequently modified to match its
performance to the workload of each individual company. One 7044-7094
was so efficient that when it was replaced by a System/360 Model 40-65
combination, the new 360 configuration could not run 24 hours of work
in a day. (After OS/360 was tuned to the workload, the 7000 system
could be retired.)"

at the univ. trays student fortran jobs were written to tape on 1401
then tape manually moved to 709 tape drive. Student Fortran jobs ran
under second. Move to os/360 on 360/65 (actually 360/67 running as
360/65), each student fortran job ran over minute (about 100 times
increase) ... almost all of it huge random disk access of enormous
number of OS/360 pieces plus direct serialized printing. Adding HASP
cut that in half ... but still 50 times 709.

posts mentioning hasp, jes, nje/nji, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp
posts mentioning peer-coupled shared data architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

posts mentioning direct couple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#77 Mainframe operating systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#7 JES2 vs. JES3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#8 JES2 vs. JES3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#69 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#19 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#134 A System 360 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#43 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#49 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

posts mentioning JESUS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#61 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#3 JES2 vs. JES3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#42 Which non-IBM software products (from ISVs) have been most significant to the mainframe's success?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#21 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#85 Two terrific writers .. are going to write a book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#74 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#87 Scanning JES3 JCL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#83 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#27 A debate on JES2 versus JES3 and IBM's continued support for both products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#22 Rejoice! z/OS 2.1 addresses some long term JCL complaints from here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#64 A Fascinating History of JES2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#95 Access to IBM Z/OS z/VM Documentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#19 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#134 A System 360 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#112 JES2 as primary with JES3 as a secondary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#86 Old HASP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#54 Compile error
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#82 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#104 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#85 Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#33 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#28 Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#37 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#40 IBM etc I/O channels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#52 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#98 Mainframe Use/History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#13 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#13 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#2 Frank Heart Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#94 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#28 CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#35 Transition to cloud computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#42 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing
Date: 23 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing
https://medium.com/chmcore/someone-elses-computer-the-prehistory-of-cloud-computing-bca25645f89

Ann Hardy is a crucial figure in the story of Tymshare and
time-sharing. She began programming in the 1950s, developing software
for the IBM Stretch supercomputer. Frustrated at the lack of
opportunity and pay inequality for women at IBM -- at one point she
discovered she was paid less than half of what the lowest-paid man
reporting to her was paid -- Hardy left to study at the University of
California, Berkeley, and then joined the Lawrence Livermore National
Laboratory in 1962. At the lab, one of her projects involved an early
and surprisingly successful time-sharing operating system.

... snip ...

a couple past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#41 TYMSHARE @ CHM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#25 Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again

In Aug1976, TYMSHARE made its VM370/CMS based online computer
conferencing system "free" to IBM mainframe user group "SHARE" as
"VMSHARE" .... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

trivia: I made deal with TYMSHARE to get dumped tape copy of all the
VMSHARE files once a month for putting up on internal systems and the
internal network. The biggest problem I had was with IBM lawyers who
were concerned that IBM employees might be contaminated with
information about customers.

old email referencing vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

more trivia: TYMSHARE had developed their own mainframe operating
system that was more tailored to commercial online service bureau,
GNOSIS.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS
when M/D bought TYMSHARE, I was brought in to do a GNOSIS evaluation
as part of spinning it off
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KeyKOS
and
http://www.cap-lore.com/Agorics/Library/KeyKos/Gnosis/keywelcome.html
http://cap-lore.com/CapTheory/upenn/Gnosis/Gnosis.html
some follow-on work
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extremely_Reliable_Operating_System
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CapRO

and
http://www.cap-lore.com/CapTheory/KK/Shap/eros-comparison.html
http://www.cap-lore.com/CapTheory/

more cap-lore/capability
http://www.cap-lore.com/
computing stories
http://www.cap-lore.com/stories/

other a.f.c. drift from llnl/tymshare/gnosis
http://www.llnl.gov/vcm/interviews/norman_hardy_1.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 24 Jul 2019 11:25:38 -1000

Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:

Back in the day - I believe that's fixed now - Burroughs computers
didn't have hardware to prevent execution of privileged instructions
by user programs. They didn't need to; binary executables with
privileged instructions could not be generated by software made
available to unprivileged users, and they couldn't be read into the
system from the card reader or from tape drives which were allowed to
read tapes containing data made on other computers.

This pushed the security barrier outwards; theoretically it could work, but it
would require personnel at a Burroughs installation to understand why certain
rules were important, and not to carry over bad habits formed at IBM
installations.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#18 Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#22 Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#25 Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again

original 801/risc architecture similar ... PL.8 compiler guaranteed to
not generate incorrect programs ... and CP.r (operating system)
guaranteed to only load valid/correct progams. Hardware had no
provileged boundaries.

ROMP processor had inverted virtual memory tables and hardware had 16
segment registers that loaded a 12bit segment-ID (4096) segments
(in-line application software could change virtual segment register
values as easily as could address registers. Top four bits of 32-bit
virtual address was used to index one of the segment registers ... and
the 12-bit ID prepended to the remaining 28bit virtual address ... for a
40bit value used to find real address.

Originally intended to run CP.r for a followon to displaywriter. When
that was canceled they decided to retarget to the unix workstation
market. They got the company that had done the AT&T unix port to IBM/PC
for PC/IX ... to do one for ROMP. ROMP hardware had to be retrofitted
with hardware protection domains necessary for UNIX paradigm ... and
changing segment register values became privileged operation (required
UNIX kernel call for changing processes and/or mmap segment operations)
... the arbitrary use of 16 segment register 12bit values to "window"
over 40bit address space become ... specific combination of 16
segment-ids to emulate a 32bit virtual address space in the unix
paradigm

This was released as PC/RT & AIX.

Later RIOS followon (RS/6000) ... still had mention of having 52bit
addresses ... even tho they no longer followed the original 801/risc
paradigm ... it now had 24bit segment IDs (expanded from ROMP 12bit
IDs)... and combinations of 16 segment IDs were used to emulate a 32bit
virtual address space (i.e. application not having free reign to change
any segment register value arbitrarily to form a 24+28=52bit (compared
to ROMP 12+28=40bit) address.

past posts mentioning 801/risc, romp, iliad, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, fort
knox, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Coming Economic Crash -- And How to Stop It

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Coming Economic Crash -- And How to Stop It
Date: 24 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Coming Economic Crash -- And How to Stop It
https://medium.com/@teamwarren/the-coming-economic-crash-and-how-to-stop-it-355703da148b

In Jan1999, I was asked to help try and stop the coming economic mess
(resulting in the economic crash), we failed. Some had used
securitized mortgages in the s&l crises ... and they were projecting
to be used again. I was to do standards that improved the integrity of
supporting documents (making it much more difficult for fraud). They
then find they can start paying rating agencies for triple-A rating
(when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from oct2018
congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and
they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans and mortgages,
securitize, pay for triple-A, and sell off into bond market. Triple-A
largely responsible for being able to do over $27T (trillion!)
2001-2008, making economic mess 70 times larger than s&l crises.

Bush1 was VP during the 80s and repeatedly claimed he knew nothing
about Iran-Contra because he was fulltime administrative point person
deregulating the financial industry, creating the S&L crises ... along
with help by other members of his family

Bush2 is then president last decade and presided over the economic
mess (70 times larger than S&L crises)

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crise
(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

"Confidence Men" has several references that essentially wallstreet
was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the
American public. Other references were about new president having to
choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The
A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would
have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which
would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new
president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody
responsible).
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Nobel Economist Angus Deaton: Inequality is Destroying Democratic Capitalism

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Nobel Economist Angus Deaton: Inequality is Destroying Democratic Capitalism
Date: 24 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

Nobel Economist Angus Deaton: Inequality is Destroying Democratic Capitalism
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/07/nobel-economist-angus-deaton-inequality-is-destroying-democratic-capitalism.html

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

UK Recovers $42 Billion By Stopping Tax Evasion

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: UK Recovers $42 Billion By Stopping Tax Evasion
Date: 25 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

UK Recovers $42 Billion By Stopping Tax Evasion
https://www.occrp.org/en/daily/10311-uk-recovers-42-billion-by-stopping-tax-evasion?fbclid=IwAR0pX8fqYBdZHVZS7soDuIVxChneEiUfTm5d8fYXfUi5SlViUO9dCD217sc

2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act expire, spending
can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal
debt. 2010 CBO report was that 2003-2009 $6T cut in tax revenue and
$6T increase in spending for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible
budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars).

April 2009, IRS announces that it was going after 52,000 wealthy
Americans that owed $400B in taxes on money hidden overseas (illegal
tax evasion, over and above the "legal" tax evasion allowed after
2002). Then Spring 2011, new Speaker of the House announced that he
was cutting the budget of the IRS department responsible for
recovering the $400B. Since then there have been news items about few
billion in fines on institutions responsible for facilitating the
illegal tax evasion ... but nothing about recoverying the
$400B. Policing Tax Evasion Could Save Billions, But Republicans Won't
Fund Enforcement
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/irs-budget-cuts-deficit_n_850243

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax haven, tax avoidance posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
Date: 27 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt':
Iran-Contra
https://www.npr.org/2019/01/14/684553791/william-barr-supported-pardons-in-an-earlier-d-c-witch-hunt-iran-contra

80s, VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no knowledge
of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair because he
was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial
industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

later when Bush1 is president (and Cheney is SECDEF), it comes up that
Bush1 ran Iran/Contra
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/
loc2752-54:

Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White
House operation of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither
Pollard nor the government of Israel was aware that they had smashed
George Bush's first shipment of arms to Iran."

loc2764-65:

Despite his best efforts to silence Pollard, Weinberger would not
escape his own entanglement in the Iran-Contra conspiracy, for which
he would ultimately face criminal charges.

... snip ...

Last decade, Bush2 is president and presides over the economic mess,
70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis. S&L crisis had 1000
criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess
should have 70,000 (criminal convictions with jailtime).

also from Bushes' 80s, from truth is stranger than fiction and the law
of unintended consequences that come back to bite you
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates
in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts
to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up
large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't
hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the
world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

Saudi extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world .. 15 of 16 9/11
were Saudis

First Iraqi-1 invasion: Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that
Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that
Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the
analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was
marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to
choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

Second Iraqi-2 invasion: earlier in the 80s, US supported Iraq in the
Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq., including
supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

Then after turn of century, cousin of white house chief of staff Card
... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and given evidence that WMDs
(tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. The
cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in
military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned
WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

The military-industrial-complex had wanted IRAQ2 so badly that
corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if
they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in
NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for
purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences,
the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when
they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had
evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/
later large artillery shells were showing up in IEDs and even taking
out Abrams M1 tanks

much earlier, CIA Director Colby had not approved the "Team B"
analysis (fabricated Russian military capability), Rumsfeld gets Colby
replaced with Bush1, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying
huge DOD spending increase), Rumsfeld then resigns as white house
chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant
Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF
(again) and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major
architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
inequality posts

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Great Hack tells us data corrupts

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Great Hack tells us data corrupts
Date: 27 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Great Hack tells us data corrupts
https://techcrunch.com/2019/07/27/the-great-hack-tells-us-that-data-corrupts/

The Great Hack: the film that goes behind the scenes of the Facebook
data scandal
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/jul/20/the-great-hack-cambridge-analytica-scandal-facebook-netflix

Cambridge Analytica is dead, but it's the living dead. Zombie sons of
the company live on, including Data Propria, which is now working on
the Trump2020 campaign and, most directly, in Emerdata, a company that
was set up by Rebekah and Jennifer Mercer, the daughters of Cambridge
Analytica's original owner, Robert Mercer, alongside Alexander Nix and
- later - Julian Wheatland (though both men have since resigned).

... snip ...

SCL Group
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCL_Group

SCL formed Cambridge Analytica to participate in the election process
in the United States.[12] It entered the U.S. market in 2012, and was
involved in 44 U.S. congressional, US Senate and state-level elections
in the 2014 midterm elections.[3] In 2015 it was disclosed that the
company had entered the Republican Party presidential primaries for
the 2016 election, primarily in support of Ted Cruz. CA is heavily
funded by hedge-fund billionaire Robert Mercer, a major supporter of
Cruz[8] and then Donald Trump,[12] and is now under investigation by
both the UK and the US governments.

... snip ...

The strange afterlife of Cambridge Analytica and the mysterious fate
of its data
https://www.fastcompany.com/90381366/the-mysterious-afterlife-of-cambridge-analytica-and-its-trove-of-data
Cambridge Analytica Secrets Allegedly Covered Up by Trump Campaign
Veterans
https://www.thedailybeast.com/cambridge-analytica-secrets-covered-up-by-emerdata-rebekah-mercer-jennifer-mercer-alexander-nix-julian-wheatland
Cambridge Analytica
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambridge_Analytica

Cambridge Analytica was founded by conservative businessmen Steve
Bannon and Robert Mercer. A minimum of 15 million dollars has been
invested into the company by Mercer, according to The New York
Times.[34] Bannon's stake in the company was estimated at 1 to 5
million dollars, but he divested his holdings in April 2017 as
required by his role as White House Chief Strategist.[35] In March
2018, Jennifer Mercer and Rebekah Anne Mercer became directors of
Emerdata limited.[36] In March 2018 it became public by Whistleblower
Christopher Wylie, that Cambridge Analytica's first activities were
founded on a data set, which its parent company SCL bought 2014 from a
company named Global Science Research founded by Aleksandr Kogan[37]
who worked as a psychologist at Cambridge.

... snip ...

Embattled data firm sent foreign workers to US campaigns
https://www.cnn.com/2018/03/26/politics/cambridge-analytica-foreign-advisers/index.html

The foreign staff, sent mostly from Cambridge Analytica's London
headquarters, specialized in political messaging, targeting, and
strategy. The company worked on congressional races and for the super
PAC of incoming White House national security adviser John Bolton
during the 2014 election cycle.

... snip ...

... talks about Bannon and Bolton having foreign workers illegally
working on US campaign.

What Is Emerdata? As Cambridge Analytica Shuts, Directors Surface in
New Firm
https://www.newsweek.com/what-emerdata-scl-group-executives-flee-new-firm-and-its-registered-office-909334
Cambridge Analytica dismantled for good? Nope: It just changed its
name to Emerdata
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/05/02/cambridge_analytica_shutdown/
Cloak and Data: The Real Story Behind Cambridge Analytica's Rise and
Fall
https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2018/03/cloak-and-data-cambridge-analytica-robert-mercer/
Giuliani-connected law firms have a history with a pro-Trump super PAC
linked to Cambridge Analytica
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/05/30/giuliani-linked-law-firms-provided-legal-advice-to-pro-trump-super-pac.html
How Trump Consultants Exploited the Facebook Data of Millions
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/17/us/politics/cambridge-analytica-trump-campaign.html
New details emerge about Steve Bannon's ties to Cambridge Analytica
https://www.businessinsider.com/steve-bannon-ties-to-cambridge-analytica-facebook-data-run-deep-2018-3

whistleblower posts
http://wwww.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Great Hack tells us data corrupts

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Great Hack tells us data corrupts
Date: 28 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#33 The Great Hack tells us data corrupts

Netflix's 'The Great Hack' Misses The Big Picture
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/qv7gbp/netflixs-the-great-hack-misses-the-big-picture

The response is unsettling, but maybe not so surprising--a fitting
introduction to a story about Cambridge Analytica, the now-infamous
firm that provided the Trump campaign with ad-targeting data during
the 2016 election. The company, as we now know, scraped Facebook quiz
data to construct millions of psychographic profiles, which it then
used to hyper-target voters with custom-made campaign ads. As
whistleblower Christopher Wylie succinctly puts it later in the film,
Cambridge Analytica isn't a data science firm, but a "full-service
propaganda machine."

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The People Who Invented the Internet: #Reviewing The Imagineers of War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The People Who Invented the Internet: #Reviewing The Imagineers of War
Date: 28 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

The People Who Invented the Internet: #Reviewing The Imagineers of War
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2019/7/26/the-people-who-invented-the-internet-reviewing-the-imagineers-of-war

former co-worker at the IBM Science Center ...

The efforts to move IBM to internetworking protocol was constantly
blocked. "It's Cool To Be Clever: The story of Edson C. Hendricks, the
genius who invented the design for tthe Internet
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
other:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

Ed was responsible for the design/implementation of the internal
network, larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning
until sometime mid-80s ... and also used for the corporate sponsored
university BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

and later, IBM's Missed Opportunity With the Internet
https://web.archive.org/web/20121106121923/http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-55912264.html

Part of internet passing internal network in number of nodes ... was
TCP/IP on PCs and workstations as network nodes, while the
communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and
distributed computing, trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm
(and limit PCs and workstations to terminal emulation).

We both transferred to IBM San Jose Research in 1977. Starting in the
early 80s I had a project I called HSDT (High-Speed Data Transport)
and working with the NSF Director, we were suppose to get $20M to
interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the
budget, some other things happen, and finally NSF releases
RFP. 28Mar1986 NSF preliminary announce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF Director tries to
help by writing the company a letter, copying the CEO (with support
from other gov. agencies), but that just makes the internal politics
worse (as did comments that what we already had running was at least
5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into
the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern
internet.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
dumb terminal paradigm posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The People Who Invented the Internet: #Reviewing The Imagineers of War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The People Who Invented the Internet: #Reviewing The Imagineers of War
Date: 28 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#35 The People Who Invented the Internet: #Reviewing The Imagineers of War

trivia: the big cutover from arpanet IMP/HOST protocol to
internetworking protocol was 1Jan1983 at the time there were
approx. 100 IMP network nodes and 255 hosts ... when the internal
network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes, which it passes a few
months later. Old post with list of corporate locations that added one
or more internal network nodes during 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

More trivia: one of the other factors constraining internal network
growth (besides communication group fighting to preserve its dumb
terminal paradigm) was corporate links leaving the bldg had to be
encrypted ... and there were all sorts of battles with government
entities ... especially when links crossed national boundary. In
mid-80s, one of the vendors of hardware link encryptors claimed the
internal network had more than half of all link encryptors in the
world

HSDT trivia: HSDT was doing T1 (1.5mbits/sec) and faster speed links
... I really hated what I had to pay for T1 link encryptors and faster
link encryptors were almost impossible to find.

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

and of course, desk ornament, 1000th network node
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/vnet1000.jpg
1000th node globe

past posts mentioning hardware link encryptors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#56 Computer Naming Conventions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#9 Security Proportional to Risk (was: IBM Mainframe at home)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#11 Security Proportional to Risk (was: IBM Mainframe at home)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#52 "Slower is more secure"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#34 Use of SSL as a VPN
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#36 Use of SSL as a VPN
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#62 Wireless security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#33 network history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#34 network history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#44 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#51 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#55 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#57 high speed network, cross-over from sci.crypt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#38 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#10 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#28 MVCIN instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#60 1970s data comms (UK)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#37 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#45 Arpa address
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#46 Mainframe Linux Mythbusting (Was: Using Java in batch on z/OS?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#36 The very first text editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#50 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#45 waiting for acknowledgments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#22 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#12 more secure communication over the network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#66 Memory Mapped Vs I/O Mapped Vs others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#62 Damn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#1 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#79 Rotary phones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#6 1998 vs. 2008: A Tech Retrospective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#16 should I encrypt over a private network?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#6 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#16 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#23 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#54 Discussions areas, private message silos, and how far we've come since 199x
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#74 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#30 I need magic incantation for a power conditioner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#1 Hurrah Berners-Lee! Web celebrates 20th anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#11 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#72 Mainframe articles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#7 VTAM security issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#14 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the  Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#69 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#70 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#7 Evolution of Floating Point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#20 mainframe e-mail with attachments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#60 Cybercrime Checks Into The Hotel Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#15 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#81 A mighty fortress is our PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#76 towards https everywhere and strict transport security (was: Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#51 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#25 Fear the Internet, was Cool Things You Can Do in z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#69 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#35 Chase, Bank of America credit cards too hacker-friendly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#67 Somewhat off-topic: comp-arch.net cloned, possibly hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#7 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#79 CSSMTP and AUTH LOGIN smtp command
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#49 Do you know where all your sensitive data is located?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#63 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#24 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#31 The Vindication of Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#23 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#10 "NSA foils much internet encryption"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#38 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#42 Semi-OT: Government snooping was Re: Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#98 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#57 Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#33 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#40 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#127 Early Networking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#6 INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#44 More on Mannix and the computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#10 Encryp-xit: Europe will go all in for crypto backdoors in June
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#91 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#72 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

George Will Changes His Mind--But Stays True to His Convictions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: George Will Changes His Mind--But Stays True to His Convictions
Date: 28 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

George Will Changes His Mind--But Stays True to His Convictions
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/07/what-makes-a-true-conservative/594889/

The The Conservative Sensibility
https://www.amazon.com/Conservative-Sensibility-George-F-Will-ebook/dp/B07J525HRP/
George Will
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Will
How to Build an Autocracy
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/03/how-to-build-an-autocracy/513872/
George Will Confirms Nixon's Vietnam Treason
https://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/08/12/george-will-confirms-nixons-vietnam-treason
Richard Nixon's long shadow
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/george-f-will-nixons-long-shadow/2014/08/06/fad8c00c-1ccb-11e4-ae54-0cfe1f974f8a_story.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump's Message to U.S. Intelligence Officials: Be Loyal or Leave

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Trump's Message to U.S. Intelligence Officials: Be Loyal or Leave
Date: 29 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

Trump's Message to U.S. Intelligence Officials: Be Loyal or Leave
https://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/trumps-message-to-us-intelligence-officials-be-loyal-or-leave

Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War
https://www.amazon.com/Boyd-Fighter-Pilot-Who-Changed-ebook/dp/B000FA5UEG/
pg281/loc4905-6:

He stalked the office, staring at his underlings, then suddenly
walking up to them, sticking a bony finger into their chest, and
saying things such as, "If your boss demands loyalty, give him
integrity. But if he demands integrity, then give him loyalty."

... snip ...

The Deep State: The Fall of the Constitution and the Rise of a Shadow
Government
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:

In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage
Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming
administration choose personnel

pg191/loc3057-58

In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of
Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on
loyalty first and expertise second,"

pg191/loc3060-62:

Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies,
and not only in domestic matters. In important national security
concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort
of vice royalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could
be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence
applied.

... snip ...

Boyd trivia (I was introduced to Boyd in the early 80s and would
sponsor his briefings): 50s instructor at Nellis was possibly best
fighter pilot and known as 40sec Boyd (for challenge to all comers
that would put them on his tail and reverse it within 40secs, he
actually did it within 20secs and asked about "40sec" ... there might
be somebody in the world almost as good as he was and he might need
the extra 20secs).

Spinney tribute to John Boyd (for those with subscriptions)
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives free at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
other refs:
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm

from thread today about relaxed stability and fly-by-wire (when he was
head of light-weight fighter program at the pentagon, had redone the
original F15 design, cutting weight nearly in half, and behind the
YF16 & YF17 which become the F16&F18)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-16_Fighting_Falcon#Lightweight_Fighter_program

Experiences in the Vietnam War revealed the need for air superiority
fighters and better air-to-air training for fighter pilots.[13] Based
on his experiences in the Korean War and as a fighter tactics
instructor in the early 1960s, Colonel John Boyd with mathematician
Thomas Christie developed the energy-maneuverability theory to model a
fighter aircraft's performance in combat. Boyd's work called for a
small, lightweight aircraft that could maneuver with the minimum
possible energy loss and which also incorporated an increased
thrust-to-weight ratio.[14][15] In the late 1960s, Boyd gathered a
group of like-minded innovators who became known as the Fighter Mafia,
and in 1969, they secured Department of Defense funding for General
Dynamics and Northrop to study design concepts based on the theory.

... snip ...

other recent posts mentioning Boyd's integrity quote:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#21 Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Roots of Boeing's 737 Max Crisis: A Regulator Relaxes Its Oversight

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Roots of Boeing's 737 Max Crisis: A Regulator Relaxes Its Oversight
Date: 29 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Roots of Boeing's 737 Max Crisis: A Regulator Relaxes Its Oversight
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/27/business/boeing-737-max-faa.html

Relaxed Stability ... are more efficient, including more fuel efficient,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relaxed_stability
but require "fly by wire"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly-by-wire
also weight savings
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly-by-wire#Weight_saving

F16 relaxed stability
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-16_Fighting_Falcon
John Boyd, who I met in early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at
IBM ... was behind YF16 and YF17 which become F16 and F18
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-16_Fighting_Falcon#Lightweight_Fighter_program

Overview
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-16_Fighting_Falcon#Overview

The F-16 is a single-engine, highly maneuverable, supersonic,
multi-role tactical fighter aircraft. It is much smaller and lighter
than its predecessors, but uses advanced aerodynamics and avionics,
including the first use of a relaxed static stability/fly-by-wire
(RSS/FBW) flight control system, to achieve enhanced maneuver
performance. Highly agile, the F-16 was the first fighter aircraft
purpose-built to pull 9-g maneuvers and can reach a maximum speed of
over Mach 2

... snip ...

Negative stability and fly-by-wire
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-16_Fighting_Falcon#Negative_stability_and_fly-by-wire

Boeing 2016, century publication had article that the merger with M/D
nearly took down the company and may yet still. Recent articles that
after the take-over by M/D, in the late 90s saw senior safety
engineers leaving.

The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout

Unlike Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than
engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas
executives some how took power in what analysts started calling a
"reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought
Boeing with Boeing's money."

... snip ...

Note that first decade of this century there was enormous increase in
gov. outsourcing of all kinds, especially to private-equity owned
companies that had hired prominent politicians to lobby congress to
contract with their subsidiaries
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, just intelligence: 70% of
budget and over half the people, this included Snowden's employer and
companies that were doing security clearances (but found to be filling
out paperwork, but not actually doing background investigations)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

and significantly speeding up the spreading success of failure
culture, lots more money for for-profit companies in PE-mills with a
series of failures (analogous to military-industrial complex
"perpetual war", actually winning a war might reduce the budget)
... claims that it also significantly contributes to the Intelligence
failures.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

recent posts mentioning Boeing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#69 Digital Planes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#38 Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#39 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#69 Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#25 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#2 Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#16 The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#20 The Coming Boeing Bailout?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Capital One's breach was inevitable, because we did nothing after Equifax

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Capital One's breach was inevitable, because we did nothing after Equifax
Date: 30 July 2019
Blog: Facebook

Capital One's breach was inevitable, because we did nothing after
Equifax
https://techcrunch.com/2019/07/29/capital-one-breach-was-inevitable/

We were brought in to help wordsmith some california legislation (late
90s, two decades ago). At the time they were doing electronic
signature, data breach notification, and opt-in personal
information sharing. Some of the participants had done indepth public
privacy surveys and the #1 issue was identify theft, primarily
fraudulent financial transactions as a result of breaches. At the time
there was little or nothing being done (other than
misdirection/obfuscation as to the source of the problems). The issue
is that normally entities take security measures in self-protection,
however in the case of the breaches, the institutions weren't at risk,
it was the public. It was hoped that the publicity from breach
notification might motivate corrective security measures.

Equifax's Massive ID Theft Is a Reminder That Firms Need Incentives to
Keep Data Safe
https://www.technologyreview.com/f/608833/equifaxs-massive-id-theft-is-a-reminder-that-firms-need-incentives-to-keep-data-safe/

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notifications posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Capital One Data Breach-100 Million Customers affected

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Capital One Data Breach-100 Million Customers affected
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 31 Jul 2019 19:52:55 -0700

jcewing@ACM.ORG (Joel C. Ewing) writes:

And I noticed a reprinted Washington Post article in my local paper
today "Bank data stolen despite cloud push", which clearly indicates
bank management had the perception that  somehow removing data from
Capital One's direct physical control  to Amazon Web Services on the
cloud would "improve" security rather than just add different paths for
attack.   Can't help but wonder if this move to "cut back" on Capital
One's data centers also involved laying off the people that might have
been smart enough to configure their firewall correctly and avoid the
breach.

We were brought in to help wordsmith some california legislation (late
90s, two decades ago). At the time they were doing electronic
signature, data breach notification (original, 1st in country), and
opt-in personal information sharing. Some of the participants had done
indepth public privacy surveys and the #1 issue was identify theft,
primarily fraudulent financial transactions as a result of
breaches. At the time there was little or nothing being done (other
than misdirection/obfuscation as to the source of the problems). The
issue is that normally entities take security measures in
self-protection, however in the case of the breaches, the institutions
weren't at risk, it was the public. It was hoped that the publicity
from breach notification might motivate serious and comprehensive
security measures.

since then there have been several federal breach notification (state
preemption) bills introduced ... many of them worded in such a way
that they would effectively eliminate any requirement for notification

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notifications posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds
Date: 01 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds
https://fcw.com/articles/2019/07/26/dod-ig-contractor-data-security.aspx

but also classified, adversaries dance through classified systems,
snarfing up detailed designs of nearly all major weapon systems

Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by
Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons
Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by
hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html

possibly part of enormous outsourcing that went on last decade
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us and the rapidly
spreading success of failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

however, might be tempted to conjecture raising advisaries capability as part of a perpetual war strategy

Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2019-04-18/defense-data-breaches-pentagon-must-hold-contractors-accountable

trivia: We were brought in to help wordsmith some california
legislation (late 90s, two decades ago). At the time they were doing
electronic signature, data breach notification, and opt-in personal
information sharing. Some of the participants had done indepth public
privacy surveys and the #1 issue was identify theft, primarily
fraudulent financial transactions as a result of breaches. At the time
there was little or nothing being done (other than
misdirection/obfuscation as to the source of the problems). The issue
is that normally entities take security measures in self-protection,
however in the case of the breaches, the institutions weren't at risk,
it was the public. It was hoped that the publicity from breach
notification might motivate corrective security measures.

... in this case, military-industrial complex institutions putting the
public at risk

perpetual war reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notifications posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

past "cyberdumb" posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#51 Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#56 China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#100 US Navy Contractors Hacked by China "More Than A Handful Of Times"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#27 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#69 Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Private Equity: The Perps Behind Destructive Hospital Surprise Billing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Private Equity: The Perps Behind Destructive Hospital Surprise Billing
Date: 01 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Private Equity: The Perps Behind Destructive Hospital Surprise Billing
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/08/private-equity-the-perps-behind-destructive-hospital-surprise-billing.html

Private equity spent a lot of last decade buying up gov. contractors
and beltway bandits and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress
to outsource gov. to the companies they bought.

This decade, they've moved into health care, hospitals, doctor
practices. nursing homes, etc

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rep. Cheney Accuses Tribes of "Destroying our Western Way of Life" Over Sacred Grizzly Protections

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Rep. Cheney Accuses Tribes of "Destroying our Western Way of Life" Over Sacred Grizzly Protections
Date: 01 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Rep. Cheney Accuses Tribes of "Destroying our Western Way of Life"
Over Sacred Grizzly Protections
http://nativenewsonline.net/currents/rep-cheney-accuses-tribes-of-destroying-our-western-way-of-life-over-sacred-grizzly-protections/

both my parents were born in Wyoming and recent account by relative
about great grandmother:

Her father was a doctor and she was his assistant even when he did
amputation for soldiers. So when she married and came out west to
Sheridan Wyoming, she was the only person with any medical background
in the whole territory. She was constantly being called when the
ranchers had any medical problems she also delivered a lot of
babies. I sent you a picture of Indian artifact that i needed to tell
you about. My mother was born on a ranch in Sheridan and one morning
they woke up the pasture land there were many Indian Teepee set up. My
mother said it was the Crow Indians with Chief Plentico who tribe was
sick and dying from either chicken pox or measly. Our great
grandmother built two big bonfires and put big black iron kettles over
the fire and she had them boiled all the clot hings and blankets in a
hot water to kill the gr ems and the other one had a chicken soup in
it. She had the Indian women feeding the soup to the ill. Later on
they came back and adopted my grandmother and my mother and her mother
into the tribe. They outfitted them with deer skin dresses embroidered
with elks teeth and porcupine quilt dyed red with berries. My mother
kept the Indian dresses in the trunk in the basement along with her
mothers wedding dress from France. but there was flood and everything
was ruined. The few pieces she had was all she could saved. We still
have the bead work.

... snip ...

other reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crow_Nation#Gradual_displacement_from_tribal_lands

When European Americans arrived in numbers, the Crows were resisting
pressure from enemies who greatly outnumbered them. In the 1850s, a
vision by Plenty Coups, then a boy, but who later became their
greatest chief, was interpreted by tribal elders as meaning that the
whites would become dominant over the entire country, and that the
Crow, if they were to retain any of their land, would need to remain
on good terms with the whites.[22]

... snip ...

more
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plenty_Coups

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sand and Steel

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Sand and Steel
Date: 01 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Sand and Steel
https://www.amazon.com/Sand-Steel-Invasion-Liberation-France-ebook/dp/B07PPVG8HG/
pg661/loc14274-77:

With an air of bitterness shared by all the attackers, Pepe observed,
'We searched for bomb craters, vital for our survival; the Air Corps
had promised us one hundred tons of bombs for every five hundred
square yards of beach; sure enough, we found the craters two days
later - three miles inland.'

... snip ...

European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075
loc2582-85:

The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German
defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At
Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth
Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation
for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden
bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level
altitude sights.

... snip ...

McNamara was LeMay's staff planning fire bombing German and then
Japanese cities. Part of the issue was that the Army Air Corp had been
claiming that high altitude, 4-engine, heavy strategic bombers could
win the war without even having to invade the continent, helping
justify the one-third of total US WW2 spending went for the strategic
bombing program ... and even with Norden bomb sites, they were finding
it almost impossible to hit targets ... so they were under increasing
pressure to show some results ... and fire bombing cities, it was
nearly impossible to miss a whole city.

The Russians have claimed that the US Strategic Bombing program of
cities did help them because the Germans diverted anti-air which
otherwise would have been used on the eastern front (three-fourths of
German military resources were on the eastern front, leaving the rest
of the allies only having to deal with the remaining 1/4th)

other (Sand and Steel) triva; pg19|loc992-98:

However, OB West's remaining twenty-three Bodenständige (static
position) divisions were either immobile or reserve infantry
formations, with low Kampfwert (combat effectiveness) ratings. They
were assessed as incapable of taking on offensive missions, and
suitable only for limited defence. For the latter's transportation
needs, in Rundstedt's domain there were 115,000 military horses on
strength, a stark reminder of how reliant on these creatures the
German armed forces were in 1944 - by contrast, the Allies would bring
with them not a single equine. 3 A year earlier, roughly twenty-five
per cent of officers stationed in France had fought in Russia; by
1944, this figure had almost doubled to sixty per cent. This did not
necessarily reflect a reinforcement of the west, but a higher
proportion of wounded and convalescing leaders.

... snip ...

there has been some speculation that after WW2, Americans (and others)
may have exaggerated Germany's military in Europe during 44&45.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

receent posts mentioning 1943 Strategic Bombing program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SS Trust Fund

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: SS Trust Fund
Date: 01 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

SS Trust Fund
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_Security_Trust_Fund

"Baby Boomer" generation is four times larger than the previous and
twice as large as the following generation. Baby Boomers have been
contributing to Social Security "Trust Fund",building up principle for
"baby boomer" pension benefits (when they retire)

Stockman (Reagan's budget director) takes credit for revamping social
security to take into account baby boomer's longer life expectancy
... however, more recently he has said he wanted the more money coming
into the Trust Fund ... so they could immediately borrow everything
that came in and spend (w/o having to say they increased taxes) on
DOD/military. Stockman also takes credit for starting to tax SS
benefits (double tax, contribution to SS trust fund is from after tax
wages ... and then the SS benefits taxed again when it is paid out)
... so they even have more to spend (continuing a facade that they
hadn't increased taxes, while at the same time having more money to
spend).

More recently various factions don't depict the total federal debt
... but the debt amount less what is owned trust fund (as if they are
positioning things to welsh on the borrowed trust fund debt)

recent posts mentioning SS Trust Fund:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#5 The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#11 Attack SS Entitlements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#30 $16T National Debt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#42 Peak Savings: Wall Street Faces 20 Years Of Retirement Withdrawals As Boomers Hit 70 1/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#12 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#48 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#50 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#9 Who Is The Smallest Government Spender Since Eisenhower? Would You Believe It's Barack Obama?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#39 What Happened to the $2.6 Trillion Social Security Trust Fund?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#91 SS Trustees Report Summary

of course, Stockman also has a bit to say about IBM in "The Great
Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback
contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011,
the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own
shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year
period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
Date: 02 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
https://newspunch.com/declassified-cia-document-reveals-iraq-war-had-zero-justification/

Original justification for Iraq2 invasion was that Iraq had supported
al Qaeda and it would only cost $50B (now Iran/Afghanistan has passed
100 times that, $5T) ... it was then changed to WMDs (which had been
decommisioned and traced back to US from the Iran/Iraq war in the
80s).

military-industrial-complex had wanted the Iraq2 invasion so badly
that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that
if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership
in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for
purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC
complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences,
the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when
they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had
evaporated (then large artillery shells start showin up in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

long history ...

CIA director Colby wouldn't agree with "team b" analysis about Russian
military justifying enormous increase in DOD budget. White house chief
of staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced by Bush who will agree with team
b. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF and is replaced by his
assistant Cheney.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

Some of the same scientists for hire ... for the tobacco industry are
then involved in spinning team b analysis for American public. Later
some of the scientists for hire show up publishing articles for big
oil
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt
http://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/

from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences
that come back to bite you
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates
in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts
to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up
large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't
hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the
world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

Saudi radical Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden &
15of16 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

in the 80s, former CIA director and vice-president repeatedly claimed
he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was full-time administration point person deregulating the
financial industry causing the S&L crises
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess after turn of
century, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crises. S&L
crises had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the
economic mess should have 70,000 with jailtimes.

Also 80s, Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_Wara
... VP and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq, including
supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

early 90s, Bush1 is president (and Cheney is SECDEF), it comes up that
Bush1 ran Iran/Contra
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/
loc2752-54:

Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White House operation
of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither Pollard nor the
government of Israel was aware that they had smashed George Bush's
first shipment of arms to Iran."

... snip  ...

also sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was
marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would
do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the
analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to
invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam
and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, H. is president (presiding over both the economic mess
and perpetual war), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the
"Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq
policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card
... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that
WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010
(4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
Date: 02 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more
influential
https://www.fastcompany.com/90381125/heres-what-nobel-prize-winning-research-says-will-make-you-more-influential

other, "The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and
Tversky disproved economists' assumption that people make rational
decisions ...
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds-ebook/dp/B01GI6S7EK/r
loc1155-59:

He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was
stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models
are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the
people you know are idiots."

loc4421-24:

Amos heard over and over from economists and decision theorists that
he and Danny had exaggerated human fallibility. Or that the kinks in
the mind that they had observed were artificial. Or only present in
the minds of college undergraduates. Or . . . something. A lot of
people with whom Amos interacted had big investments in the idea that
people were rational.

... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets Nobel prize in economics, in part for
debunking Friedman's theories involving rational man, but it was/is
battle threatening vested interests.

The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White,
and the Making of a New World Order (Council on Foreign Relations
Books
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/
pg356/loc6452-55:

Not surprisingly, Triffin's, Rueff's, and Hayek's radical alternatives
to Bretton Woods "international money, a revived gold standard, and
private money competition" were not congenial to governments,
particularly that of the United States. But Friedman's monetarist
ideas had legs; they did not threaten to make national central banks
irrelevant.

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Milton Friedman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
Date: 02 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification

Jan1999, I was asked to try and help stop the coming economic mess (we
failed). In the S&L Crises, some investment bankers had used
fraudulent securitized mortgages ... but walked away "clean". They
were then running Internet IPO mills, investment a few million, hype,
IPO for billions, the new companies should then fail, leaving the
field clear for the next round of IPOs. They were then predicted to
get (back) into securitized mortgages. I was to improve the integrity
of securitized mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. They
then find they can pay credit rating agencies for triple-A rating
(when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from
Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps supporting document
and they could start doing no-documentation, liar loans and mortgages
(and with no-documentation, no longer any integrity issue with
supporting documents), securitize, pay for triple-A and sell into the
bond market ... the triple-A rating significantly contributing to be
able to do over $27T (trillion!) 2001-2008.

Besides "perpetual war" and "economic mess" last decade, there was
also significant "tax revenue cuts", "spending increases" and huge
amount of "government outsourcing".

2002, congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending
can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal
debt). 2010 CBO report was that 2003-2009, tax revenue cut $6T and
spending increased $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible
budget (1st time taxes cut to *NOT* pay for two wars). Sort of
confluence of federal reserve and Too Big To Fail wanting huge
federal debt, Wallstreet and special interests wanting huge tax cut,
and military-industrial complex wanting enormous spending increase.

To go along with that private-equity was moving in on buying up
government contractors and beltway bandits and hiring prominent
politicians to lobby congress to outsource business to their
companies. Just intelligence, 70% of the budget and half the people
... including Snowden's employer and companies doing security
clearances (found to be filling out the paper work, but not actually
doing background checks) ... claimed to have contributed to
intelligence failures.
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
accelerating the rapidly spreading success of failure culture, lots
more money for companies in PE-mills with a series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

Another example was the OPM website hack/breach ... which had been
outsourced to another private-equity owned company. OPM Contractor's
Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/

Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas
Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming
close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many
defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has
been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued
company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and
Afghanistan.

... snip ....

Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#42

fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crise
(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Recent climate and heat news

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Recent climate and heat news
Date: 02 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

'This Is the Beginning': New Study Warns Climate Crisis May Have Been
Pivotal in Rise of Drug-Resistant Superbug
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/07/this-is-the-beginning-new-study-warns-climate-crisis-may-have-been-pivotal-in-rise-of-drug-resistant-superbug.html
'Climate Grief': Fears About The Planet's Future Weigh On Americans' Mental Health
https://khn.org/news/climate-grief-fears-about-the-planets-future-weigh-on-americans-mental-health/
Climate Change: An Omitted Security Threat in Central Asia
https://thediplomat.com/2019/07/climate-change-an-omitted-security-threat-in-central-asia/
Manipulation of the carbon emissions system threatens climate targets
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-carbon-emissions-threatens-climate.html
Ancient plankton help researchers predict near-future climate
https://phys.org/news/2019-08-ancient-plankton-near-future-climate.html
Greenland's Ice Melt a Climate Change 'Warning Sign', Scientists Say
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/greenland-ice-sheet-melt-865803/
More sensitive climates are more variable climates, research shows
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-sensitive-climates-variable.html
New study identifies causes of multidecadal climate changes
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-multidecadal-climate.html
Think the heatwave was bad? Climate already hitting key tipping points
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-climate-change-heatwaves/think-the-heatwave-was-bad-climate-already-hitting-key-tipping-points-idUSKCN1UN065?il=0
This climate change coloring book illustrates the energy future
https://www.fastcompany.com/90381206/this-climate-change-coloring-book-illustrates-how-we-transition-to-clean-energy
Heatwave: think it's hot in Europe? The human body is already close to thermal limits elsewhere
https://theconversation.com/heatwave-think-its-hot-in-europe-the-human-body-is-already-close-to-thermal-limits-elsewhere-121003
AI researchers need to stop hiding the climate toll of their work
https://www.technologyreview.com/f/614056/ai-research-has-an-environment-climate-toll/
Ancient global climate events rippled unevenly across the globe
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/07/ancient-global-climate-events-rippled-unevenly-across-globe
Animals' body sizes shrinking from climate change, study finds
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-animals-body-sizes-climate.html
Can 'Supercharged' Plants Solve the Climate Crisis?
https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/07/20/can-supercharged-plants-solve-the-climate-crisis/
China is on track to meet its climate change goals nine years early
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2211366-china-is-on-track-to-meet-its-climate-change-goals-nine-years-early/
Climate activist Greta Thunberg is sailing to a climate summit
https://www.fastcompany.com/90383043/instead-of-flying-to-a-climate-summit-greta-thunberg-is-sailing-across-the-atlantic
Climate Change Is Killing US Soldiers
https://www.motherjones.com/environment/2019/07/climate-change-is-killing-us-soldiers/
Climate crisis blamed as temperature records broken in three nations
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/24/summers-second-heatwave-set-to-break-records-across-europe
Climate scientists drive stake through heart of skeptics' argument
https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/climate-scientists-drive-stake-through-heart-skeptics-argument-ncna1033646
Ethiopia Plants 350 Million Trees in a Day To Help Tackle Climate Crisis
https://news.slashdot.org/story/19/07/29/1643200/ethiopia-plants-350-million-trees-in-a-day-to-help-tackle-climate-crisis
Ethiopia plants 350m trees in a day to help tackle climate crisis
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/29/ethiopia-plants-250m-trees-in-a-day-to-help-tackle-climate-crisis
Fighting Climate Change Means Ending War
https://www.counterpunch.org/2019/07/22/fighting-climate-change-means-ending-war/
How climate change disrupts relationships
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-climate-disrupts-relationships.html
How climate change disrupts relationships
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-07/uow-hcc072419.php
How the Fed Should Fight Climate Change
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/08/how-fed-could-fight-climate-change-adam-tooze/595084/
Is AI the next big climate-change threat? We haven't a clue
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/614005/ai-computing-cloud-computing-microchips/
July heatwave up to 3C hotter due to climate change
https://phys.org/news/2019-08-july-heatwave-3c-hotter-due.html
Marine heatwaves in a changing climate
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-02196-1
No climate event of the last 2,000 years looks like humanity's
https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/07/the-only-global-climate-event-of-last-2000-years-was-ours/
Some Pacific salmon populations are especially at risk from climate change
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-07/p-sps071719.php
Space Research Can Save the Planet--Again
https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/07/20/space-research-can-save-the-planet-again-climate-change-environment/
The geoengineering of consent: How conspiracists dominate YouTube climate science content
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-07/f-tgo072219.php
The Language of Climate Reporting Is Heating Up, Too
https://www.motherjones.com/environment/2019/07/the-language-of-climate-reporting-is-heating-up-too/
The next prime minister Boris Johnson's climate change record
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2205441-the-next-prime-minister-boris-johnsons-climate-change-record/
US national security, climate change, startup HR, and launching in the Midwest
https://techcrunch.com/2019/07/20/us-national-security-climate-change-startup-hr-and-launching-in-the-midwest/
"There Is No Excuse For What Happened" - 50,000 Con Ed Customers Lose Power During Deadly Heatwave
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-07-22/there-no-excuse-what-happened-50000-con-ed-customers-lose-power-during-deadly
All-time temperature records tumble again as heatwave sears Europe
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/25/europe-heatwave-paris-forecast-record-hottest-ever-day
Europe heatwave: Records tumble in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-49100271?intlink_from_url=&link_location=live-reporting-story
French wine production hit by heatwave
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-french-wine-production-heatwave.html
Heatwaves are more dangerous in cities - Hot in the city
https://www.economist.com/science-and-technology/2019/07/21/heatwaves-are-more-dangerous-in-cities
Killer Heat Waves Are Becoming Much More Common. Fortunately Scientists Are Getting Better at Predicting Them.
https://www.motherjones.com/environment/2019/07/killer-heat-waves-are-becoming-much-more-common-fortunately-scientists-are-getting-better-at-predicting-them/
New Study Predicts Millions of Americans May Become Exposed to "Off the Charts" Heat
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/07/new-study-predicts-millions-of-americans-may-become-exposed-to-off-the-charts-heat.html
Nordic countries sizzle as European heatwave moves north
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-nordic-countries-sizzle-european-heatwave.html
People who cheat on their partners more than twice as likely to engage in workplace misconduct, study claims
https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/dating/cheating-on-partner-likely-workplace-misconduct-ashley-madison-affair-cheat-a9029391.html
Power outages sparked by blistering heat wave; Brooklyn takes worst hit
https://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/ny-con-ed-power-outage-brooklyn-heat-20190722-bhsv3mxcqzfojnu3uemzndrv7u-story.html
Records Could Be Smashed Today As Second Heatwave Roasts Europe
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-07-25/records-could-be-smashed-today-second-heatwave-roasts-europe
Bacteria enhance coral resilience to climate change effects
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-bacteria-coral-resilience-climate-effects.html
Boris Johnson's stance on climate change has flip-flopped
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/07/boris-johnson-s-stance-climate-change-has-flip-flopped
Climate Activists Glued Themselves to the Capitol
https://theintercept.com/2019/07/23/extinction-rebellion-climate-change-capitol-hill/
Climate change could revive medieval megadroughts in US Southwest
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-climate-revive-medieval-megadroughts-southwest.html
Climate Change Requires Big Solutions. But Baby Steps Are the Only Way to Go.
https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/07/20/climate-change-requires-big-solutions-but-baby-steps-are-the-only-way-to-go/
Climate change: 12 years to save the planet? Make that 18 months
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-48964736
Climate change: Going vegetarian won't truly help our carbon footprint
https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/voices/2019/07/25/vegetarianism-climate-change-meat-vegan-livestock-column/1804090001/
Climate changes faster than animals adapt
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-climate-faster-animals.html
Climate changes faster than animals adapt
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-07/fb-ccf072219.php
Climate Equity: What Is It?
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/08/climate-equity-what-is-it.html
Climate Solution: Use Carbon Dioxide to Generate Electricity
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/climate-solution-use-carbon-dioxide-to-generate-electricity/
Clues found on how soils may respond to climate change
https://nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=298945
Clues on how soils may respond to climate change found
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-clues-soils-climate.html
Don't Ask How to Pay for Climate Change. Ask Who
https://www.wired.com/story/dont-ask-how-to-pay-for-climate-change-ask-who/
Electric Scooters Aren't Quite as Climate-Friendly as We Thought
https://tech.slashdot.org/story/19/08/02/1846222/electric-scooters-arent-quite-as-climate-friendly-as-we-thought
For California's redwoods, climate change isn't all bad
https://www.cnet.com/news/for-californias-redwoods-climate-change-isnt-all-bad/
Gaming the Climate
https://www.counterpunch.org/2019/07/19/gaming-the-climate/
Historic heat wave is double whammy for climate change
https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/453942-historic-heat-wave-puts-pressure-on-fossil-fuel-reliant-electric
How to Talk Effectively about Climate Change
https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/how-to-talk-effectively-about-climate-change/
In a World With More and Intense Heat-Waves, a Review of What Heat Does to Us
https://thewire.in/the-sciences/heat-wave-climate-crisis-copd-ckd-dehydration
Joe Biden's Climate Plan Melted During the Debate
https://www.motherjones.com/environment/2019/08/joe-bidens-climate-plan-melted-during-the-debate/
June Was The Hottest Month On Record Globally. Here's Why That Matters
https://time.com/5630009/heatwave-climate-crisis-june-record/
Major automakers strike climate deal with California, rebuffing Trump on proposed mileage freeze
https://www.washingtonpost.com/climate-environment/2019/07/25/major-automakers-strike-climate-deal-with-california-rebuffing-trump-proposed-mileage-freeze/?noredirect=on
Many animals can't adapt fast enough to climate change
https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/07/many-animals-cant-adapt-fast-enough-to-climate-change/
Many Animals Can't Adapt to Climate Change Fast Enough
https://www.wired.com/story/many-animals-arent-adapting-fast-enough-to-survive-climate-change/
Most YouTube Climate Change Videos 'Oppose the Consensus View'
https://news.slashdot.org/story/19/07/26/0755216/most-youtube-climate-change-videos-oppose-the-consensus-view
Most YouTube climate change videos 'oppose the consensus view'
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jul/25/most-youtube-climate-change-videos-oppose-the-consensus-view
Newly discovered Labrador fossils give clues about ancient climate
https://phys.org/news/2019-08-newly-labrador-fossils-clues-ancient.html
North Carolina coastal flooding is worsening with climate change, population growth
https://nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=298937
North Carolina coastal flooding is worsening with climate change, population growth
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-07/uonc-ncc072219.php
Pruitt's Plan for Climate Change Debates: Ask Conservative Think Tanks
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/08/climate/pruitt-epa-red-blue-team-debate-emails.html
Recent climate change trends 'unprecedented' in the last 2,000 years
https://www.cnet.com/news/recent-climate-change-trends-are-unprecedented-in-the-last-2000-years/
Scientists Unveil Memorial To Iceland's 'First' Dead Glacier
https://time.com/5631599/iceland-glacier-climate-change/
Sorry, scooters aren't so climate-friendly after all
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/614050/electric-scooters-arent-so-climate-friendly-after-all-lime-bird/
Stunning images of Greenland's climate tragedy as ice melts
https://www.fastcompany.com/90385389/stunning-images-of-greenlands-climate-tragedy-as-ice-melts
The App Creeping on Your IG Location, Jakarta's Insurance Crisis, and More News
https://www.wired.com/story/instagram-location-tracking-jakarta-climate-change-comic-con/
The climate is warming faster than it has in the last 2,000 years
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-20th-century-unmatched-years.html
The Cost of Climate Change: Steve Keen Dismantles William Nordhaus
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/07/the-cost-of-climate-change.html
The USDA Didn't Publish Its Plan to Help Farmers Adapt to Climate Change. Here's Where They Need it the Most.
https://www.motherjones.com/environment/2019/07/the-usda-didnt-publish-its-plan-to-help-farmers-adapt-to-climate-change-heres-where-they-could-use-the-help/
Under Trump, 26% of Climate Change References Have Vanished From .Gov Sites
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/kzmmwe/under-trump-26-of-climate-change-references-have-vanished-from-gov-sites
Understanding nematodes to address climate change
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-nematodes-climate.html
Want Someone to Care About Climate Change? Make It Personal
https://www.wired.com/story/the-climate-apocalypse-is-now-and-its-happening-to-you/
Wasps are shrinking in size and it may be because of climate change
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2212024-wasps-are-shrinking-in-size-and-it-may-be-because-of-climate-change/
Data centers may soon recycle heat into electricity
https://www.networkworld.com/article/3410578/data-centers-may-soon-recycle-heat-into-electricity.html
Europe expected to face record-breaking temps in second heat wave toda
https://www.fastcompany.com/90381625/europe-expected-to-face-record-breaking-temps-in-second-heatwave-today
European Cities Break Temperature Records With Heat Wave
https://time.com/5635062/europe-heatwave-temperature-records/
Extremely Dangerous Heat Wave Will Impact 200 Million Across US This Weekend
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-07-19/extremely-dangerous-heat-wave-will-impact-200-million-across-us-weekend
Heatwave 2019: It's hot and Twitter is losing its cool
https://www.cnet.com/news/heatwave-2019-its-hot-and-twitter-is-losing-its-cool/
Heatwave takes a toll in Shanghai
https://www.asiatimes.com/2019/08/article/heatwave-takes-a-toll-in-shanghai/
Hot weather cuts French, German nuclear power output
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-france-electricity-heatwave/hot-weather-cuts-french-german-nuclear-power-output-idUSKCN1UK0HR
Hot Weather Cuts French, German Nuclear Power Output
https://hardware.slashdot.org/story/19/07/27/1739258/hot-weather-cuts-french-german-nuclear-power-output
How to keep your house cool in the heatwave
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2211118-how-to-keep-your-house-cool-in-the-heatwave/
It's so hot, UK needs to start naming heatwaves like we do when it's a bit windy
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/07/24/its_hot/
Killer Heat Forever, From Our Fossil-Fueled Inertia
https://www.counterpunch.org/2019/07/25/killer-heat-forever-from-our-fossil-fueled-inertia/
New Solar Panels Use Waste Heat to Purify Water
https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/294790-new-solar-panels-use-waste-heat-to-purify-water
Record heat in Europe moves toward Scandinavia before affecting the Arctic
https://www.washingtonpost.com/weather/2019/07/26/europes-heat-wave-is-about-bake-arctic/
The heat wave in Europe could jeopardize Notre Dame recovery efforts
https://www.fastcompany.com/90382517/the-heat-wave-in-europe-could-jeopardize-notre-dame-recovery-efforts
Arctic Fires to Record Temps: What's Causing Extreme Weather
https://time.com/5641751/arctic-wildfires-heatwaves-alaska-climate-change/
Geoengineering is very controversial. How can you do experiments? Harvard has some ideas.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/614025/geoengineering-experiment-harvard-creates-governance-committee-climate-change/
Underwater Glacier Melt May Be Worse Than Thought
https://time.com/5635131/climate-change-glacier-melt-underwater/
'Survive, Not Enjoy': Heat, Humidity Gripping Half the US
https://www.usnews.com/news/news/articles/2019-07-20/hot-weather-intensifying-hold-on-much-of-east-central-us
'This is unprecedented': Alert, Nunavut, is warmer than Victoria
https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/heat-wave-alert-nunavut-1.5212801
Device channels heat into light
https://nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=298924
Engineers use heat-free tech for flexible electronics, print metal on flowers, gelatin
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-heat-free-tech-flexible-electronics-metal.html
Heat and humidity grip East Coast as Midwest gets reprieve
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-humidity-east-coast-midwest-reprieve.html
Heat, humidity keeps hold on Eastern US as weekend slogs on
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-humidity-eastern-weekend-slogs.html
How bad is 108 degrees in Paris? Water over wine and no smoke breaks.
https://slate.com/business/2019/07/108-degree-heat-in-paris-water-over-wine-no-smoking.html
How cities are redesigning to deal with extreme heat
https://www.fastcompany.com/90379081/cities-are-getting-hotter-but-we-can-redesign-them-to-keep-us-cool
It's official: UK broke temperature record during heat wave
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-uk-broke-temperature.html
Moon bricks could keep the lights on and the heat up in Lunar colonies
https://techcrunch.com/2019/07/19/moon-bricks-could-keep-the-lights-on-and-the-heat-up-in-lunar-colonies/
New approach could make HVAC heat exchangers five times more efficient
https://phys.org/news/2019-08-approach-hvac-exchangers-efficient.html
Records fall as last day of heat wave bakes Midwest, East Coast
https://abcnews.go.com/US/records-fall-day-heat-wave-bakes-midwest-east/story?id=64467131
Unprecedented Heat Wave Near North Pole
https://news.slashdot.org/story/19/07/19/222253/unprecedented-heat-wave-near-north-pole
US bracing for extreme heat as weekend temperatures soar
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-bracing-extreme-weekend-temperatures-soar.html
Walloped by heat wave, Greenland sees massive ice melt
https://phys.org/news/2019-08-walloped-greenland-massive-ice.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
Date: 03 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa;
Three new books reveal the same picture: the global economy is
shattered. They suggest how a more people-focused approach than
capitalism might alleviate poverty and encourage jobs
https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg24332412-900-the-global-economy-is-broken-it-must-work-for-people-not-vice-versa/

On War
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8
loc394-95:

As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not
seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the
undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the
State.

... snip ...

aka checks & balances ... the government needed general population
standard of living sufficient that soldiers were willing to fight to
preserve their way of life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker
standard of living to the lowest possible ... below what the
government needed for soldier motivation ... and therefor needed
socialists as counterbalance to the capitalists in raising the general
population standard of living.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria
with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do
business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at
NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad
reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they
approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with
Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the
pledge of allegiance.

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#41 Capitalism Gone Wild
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
Date: 03 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51  The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa

then there is "Is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin" ... after
the fall of the soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were
more intent on looting the country (and they needed a Russian to
oppose US looting). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay,
Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true
proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read
an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional
Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every
Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no
confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier
university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be
capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to
scandal and disgrace (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20130211131020/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting
framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself
acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in
Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers,
who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its
cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the
U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

I had been somewhat sucked into a little of this ... objective to
establish 5,000 brick&monitor bank branches in Russia @$1M ($5B
total), as part of establishing (real) capitalism (involving complex
sequence of resource transactions). Before it got started, the US
kleptocracy had started and bank branch program never got off the
ground.

From CSPAN, talks about extraordinary cooperation between US & Russia
military in the 90s, 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
https://www.c-span.org/video/?419918-3/implementation-nunnlugar-ac
Nunn-Lugar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nunn%E2%80%93Lugar_Cooperative_Threat_Reduction

US style capitalist kleptocracy has long history ... even predating
banana republics

US version with "War Is a Racket" and "Economic Hitman"
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
wiki entry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man also
references Butler's "War Is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "perpetual war" (for the military-industrial complex)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning Putin and/or "Economic Hitman"/"EHM"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#15 TARP Funds and Noncompliant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#56 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#37 You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#40 Has Privatization Benefitted the Public?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#63 The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#83 Firefighting: The Financial Crisis and Its Lessons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#38 Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#40 When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#29 The Coming Economic Crash -- And How to Stop It

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Those 'rat infested' places in Baltimore? They're owned by Trump's son-in-law

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Those 'rat infested' places in Baltimore? They're owned by Trump's son-in-law
Date: 03 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Those 'rat infested' places in Baltimore? They're owned by Trump's son-in-law
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2019/07/31/donald-trump-tweeted-rat-infested-baltimore-homes-kushner-owns/1876233001/

Jared Kushner's family real estate firm owns thousands of apartments
and townhomes in the Baltimore area, and some have been criticized for
the same kind of disrepair and neglect that the president has accused
local leaders of failing to address. Residents have complained about
mold, bedbugs, leaks and, yes, mice -- plenty of mice. And they say
management appears in no hurry to fix the problems.

... snip ...

Kushner properties in Baltimore accrued multiple violations for roden
infestation.
https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/kushner-baltimore-rodents-rats/

In Kushner-Owned Homes, Baltimore Residents Find Rodents
https://time.com/5639861/trump-baltimore-rodent-tweets-kushner-apartments/
Jared Kushner owns lots of apartments near Baltimore, and some are
infested with mice
https://www.bostonglobe.com/news/nation/2019/07/28/jared-kushner-owns-lots-apartments-near-baltimore-and-some-are-infested-with-mice/SgdeJGstYtOK64MCx7RC7K/story.html
Kushner's Baltimore housing complexes reexamined after Trump tweets
https://www.businessinsider.com/jared-kushner-baltimore-housing-projects-2019-7
Baltimore official calls out Kushner-owned properties after Trump's
'infested' remarks
https://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/455561-baltimore-county-executive-calls-out-complaints-against-kushner
Trump's Son-in-Law Jared Kushner Owns Baltimore Area Housing Projects
That Have Racked Up Hundreds of Building Code Violations
https://www.newsweek.com/trump-jared-kushner-baltimore-housing-projects-racked-code-violations-1451479
Did Jared Kushner-Owned Properties in Baltimore Violate Building Code
Donald Trump tweeted about rat infested Baltimore homes Kushner owns
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2019/07/31/donald-trump-tweeted-rat-infested-baltimore-homes-kushner-owns/1876233001/

this article from 2017: Jared Kushner's Other Real Estate Empire in
Baltimore
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/23/magazine/jared-kushners-other-real-estate-empire.html

then there is his father and associates at the real estate company
doing jail time for many types of fraud
https://www.al.com/news/2017/06/father_of_trump_son-in-law_jar.html

There are reminders of Alabama that later joined Charles Kushner back
north. Avram Lebor and Richard Goettlich - both of whom were
imprisoned with Kushner - now work for the family's real estate
company. Lebor, who served a seven-year sentence for a mortgage
scheme, is Kushner's direction of acquisition; Goettlich serves as a
leasing consultant. In 1998, Goettlich was sentenced to 10 years for
securities fraud, money laundering and tax evasion.

... snip ...

Trumps ran a similar real estate empire, Trump's father arrested 1974
in baltimore for his real-estate
https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-stat/graphics/politics/trump-archive/docs/ny-owner-of-pg-units-seize-in-code-violations-pg-2.pdf
woody guthrie attack on Trump real estate practices
https://theconversation.com/woody-guthrie-old-man-trump-and-a-real-estate-empires-racist-foundations-53026

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
Date: 04 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Michael Hudson: Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/08/michael-hudson-global-warming-and-u-s-national-security-diplomacy.html

It was the drive to control the world's oil trade - and to keep it
dollarized - that led the United States to overthrow the Iranian
government in 1953, George W. Bush and Dick Cheney to invade Iraq in
2013, and most recently for Donald Trump to isolate Iran while backing
Saudi Arabia and its Wahabi foreign legion in Syria, Iraq and
Yemen. Sixty years earlier, in 1953, the CIA and Britain joined to
overthrow Iran's elected President Mohammad Mosaddegh to prevent him
from nationalizing the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. A similar strategy
explains U.S. attempts at regime change in Venezuela and Russia.

... snip ...

Winston Churchill on the current mess in middle east and Persia/Iran
dating back to before WW1 ... started with the move from 13.5in to
15in guns; loc2012-14:

From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns,
and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines
which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on
the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the
thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:

To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing
our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable
quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea
in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:

This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval
Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could
only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the
Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial
investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to
five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial
proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the
Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests
which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also
to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the
purchase price of Admiralty oil.

... snip ...

Then in the 50s, an Iran popular elected government wanted to examine
the terms of the British oil contract. Kermit Roosevelt
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
helps with coup that installs the Shah (in exchange for supporting the
existing status guo)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the secret police to help
keep Shah in power (eventually an uprising against the violent,
repressive government)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

More Bush, from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended
consequences that come back to bite you (more Bush family)
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates
in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts
to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up
large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't
hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the
world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

Saudi extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world .. 15 of 16 9/11
were Saudis as was Osama bin Laden
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

then there is "Is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin" ... after
the fall of the soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were
more intent on looting the country (and they needed a Russian to
oppose US looting). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay,
Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true
proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read
an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional
Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every
Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no
confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier
university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be
capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to
scandal and disgrace (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20130211131020/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting
framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself
acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in
Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers,
who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its
cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the
U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

I had been somewhat sucked into a little of this ... objective to
establish 5,000 brick&monitor bank branches in Russia @$1M ($5B
total), as part of establishing (real) capitalism (involving complex
sequence of resource transactions). Before it got started, the US
kleptocracy had started and bank branch program never got off the
ground.

From CSPAN, talks about extraordinary cooperation between US & Russia
military in the 90s, 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
https://www.c-span.org/video/?419918-3/implementation-nunnlugar-ac
Nunn-Lugar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nunn%E2%80%93Lugar_Cooperative_Threat_Reduction

US style capitalist kleptocracy has long history ... even predating
banana republics

US version with "War Is a Racket" and "Economic Hitman"
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
wiki entry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
also references Butler's "War Is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "perpetual war" (for the military-industrial complex)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

recent posts mentioning global warming and/or climate change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#23 A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#50 Recent climate and heat news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#33 Meet the 'rented white coats' who defend toxic chemicals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#49 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#63 The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#64 How to fight desertification and reverse climate change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#23 A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#50 Recent climate and heat news

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Trump Administration Is Using the Full Power of the U.S. Surveillance State Against Whistleblowers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Trump Administration Is Using the Full Power of the U.S. Surveillance State Against Whistleblowers
Date: 05 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Metadata Trap; The Trump Administration Is Using the Full Power of
the U.S. Surveillance State Against Whistleblowers
https://theintercept.com/2019/08/04/whistleblowers-surveillance-fbi-trump/

Government whistleblowers are increasingly being charged under laws
such as the Espionage Act, but they aren't spies.

... snip ...

The joke has been the highest security classification in washington
has been "down right embarrassing" ... issue isn't enemies learning
the details, the absolute last thing they want is the american public
learning the details.

In the wake of the huge uptake in outsourcing to for-profit companies
after the turn of the century, especially companies in Private-Equaity
mill (including Snowden's employer) ... that had been buying them up
and hiring prominent politicians to lobby for outsourcing to their
companies.

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

and

OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History (gov. employee
personal details breached)
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/

Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas
Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming
close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many
defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has
been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued
company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and
Afghanistan.

... snip ...

in intelligence, 70% of the budget and half the employees ...
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
accelerating the rapidly spreading success of failure culture, lots
more money for companies in PE-mills with a series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

One of the agency employees reported problems to the agency's
congressional oversight committee ... and then was charged under the
Espionage Act (I guess classifying the agency's congressional
oversight committee as a foreign power). The agency was then put on
probation for five years and not allowed to manage its own
projects. Finally when probation period was up, the Espionage Act
charges were dropped.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/government-elections-politics/united-states-of-secrets/the-frontline-interview-thomas-drake/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Andrews_Drake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ThinThread
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trailblazer_Project

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Disabled by default: Microsoft ups the ante in its war against VBScript on Internet Explorer

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Disabled by default: Microsoft ups the ante in its war against VBScript on Internet Explorer
Date: 05 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Disabled by default: Microsoft ups the ante in its war against
VBScript on Internet Explorer; Will the last IE 11 user please turn
out the lights?
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/08/05/vbscript_disabled_by_default/

At the 1996 Moscone MDC (Microsoft Developers Conference) ... all the
banners said "Internet" ... but the constant refrain in every session
... was "protect your investment" ... aka all your VBScript
applications would continue to run ... especially automated executed
scripts embedded in data files. This paradigm didn't translate well
from the closed, small, local business LANs to the wild anarchy of the
Internet. Up until then the two major Internet exploits had been
buffer overflow and social engineering. After that, the new major
threat that came to dominate was automated executed VBScript (which
gave rise to virus scanning industry).

past posts mentionin 1996 Moscone MDC:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#49 Virus propagation risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#15 Identifying Latest zOS Fixes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#59 The lost art of real programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#68 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#10 It's all K&R's fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#11 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#23 weird trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#19 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#8 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#90 Ransomware on Mainframe application ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#14 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#16 The Microsoft security hole at the heart of Russian election hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#46 Windows 10 Pro automatic update
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#84 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#102 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Newsflash: Trump and DeVos Do Not Want to Get Government Out of For-Profit College Industry

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Newsflash: Trump and DeVos Do Not Want to Get Government Out of For-Profit College Industry
Date: 05 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Newsflash: Trump and DeVos Do Not Want to Get Government Out of For-Profit College Industry
https://www.counterpunch.org/2019/08/05/newsflash-trump-and-devos-do-not-want-to-get-government-out-of-for-profit-college-industry/

We got a great example of this turning of reality on its head in an
otherwise excellent New York Times article on how it appears that
Education Secretary Betsy DeVos intervened to ensure that a for profit
college run by a political ally (Dream Center) could stay in business
even after it was clear that it was about to go bankrupt.

...

From the standpoint of for-profit colleges, students are just
intermediaries that allow them to receive money from the
government. They want to be able to receive the money with no strings
attached, which is essentially the position that DeVos and Trump are
pushing.

... snip ...

Emails Show DeVos Aides Pulled Strings for Failing For-Profit Colleges
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/23/us/politics/dream-center.html?searchResultPosition=4

Yes, Trump University Was a Massive Scam
https://www.nationalreview.com/corner/trump-university-scam/
Trump University: It's Worse Than You Think
https://www.newyorker.com/news/john-cassidy/trump-university-its-worse-than-you-think
What Trump University was really like -- according to a former
professor
https://www.businessinsider.com/donald-trump-university-professor-stephen-gilpin-2018-4
Judge finalizes $25 million Trump University settlement for students
of 'sham university'
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/onpolitics/2018/04/10/trump-university-settlement-judge-finalized/502387002/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

China's VT5 tank adds 'active protection'

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: China's VT5 tank adds 'active protection'
Date: 05 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

China's VT5 tank adds 'active protection'; Made-for-export light
battle tank bolstered with high-tech defensive systems and new sensors
https://www.asiatimes.com/2019/08/article/chinas-vt5-tank-adds-active-protection/

Weighing between 33 to 35 tons, the VT5 is only about half the weight
of main battle tanks like the US M1A2, allowing it to run faster with
quicker acceleration, beating most other tanks by a large margin.

... snip ...

There is old "marine" story about being forced to take M1 Abrams in
order to make up the manufacturer's quantity discount (for the Army)
... while analysis showed that 95% of marine mission profiles were
areas that have 35Ton load limit ... while the Abrams were
65-70Ton. M1 Abrams were originally designed for tank slugfest with
the Soviets on the planes of Europe. In the 80s, US spent a boatload
of money upgrading Germany's roads and bridges to handle Abrams. Now
the Army have huge number of mothballed Abrams and doesn't want more,
but congress (military-industrial-congressional complex) keeps
appropriating money for more new Abrams.

2000 mothballed Abrams
https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/sierra-army-depot
says there is road/bridge classification, but doesn't give any examples.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_Load_Classification
Congress Again Buys Abrams Tanks the Army Doesn't Want
https://www.military.com/daily-news/2014/12/18/congress-again-buys-abrams-tanks-the-army-doesnt-want.html
New Abrams are 80Ton
https://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-pol-trump-tank-ohio-20180702-story.html

... and eventually autonomous

Israel unveils prototype 'tanks of the future'
https://news.yahoo.com/israel-unveils-prototype-tanks-future-180901912.html
Israel Defense Ministry Unveils `Combat Vehicle of the Future'
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-08-04/israel-defense-ministry-unveils-combat-vehicle-of-the-future

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360/67

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 360/67
Date: 05 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

original announce was 360/60 & 360/70 ... both with the same 1msec
memory ... this was upgraded to 750nsec memory and re-announced as
360/65 and 360/75.

360/67 (simplex) was basically 360/65 with dynamic address translation
added. Multiprocessor 360/67 was a lot more different than 360/65
multiprocessor. two processor 360/65 basically shared the same memory
but had all their own dedicated processsor channels (simulated
multiprocessor I/O configurations by having dual-channel controllers
connected to the processor specific channels at the same address).

360/67 multiprocessor configuration controller, multi-ported memory,
all processors could access all channels ... and channel I/O and CPU
could access different memory banks concurrently. The "control
registers" could also "sense" the configuration controller switch
settings. Original announce was for up to 4-way processor
configurations ... but mostly two-way were built except for one three
processor for the (Lockheed) MOL (manned orbital laboratory) project
.... the three processor in addition to "sensing" configuration switch
settings ... could also set values in the control registers to change
the configuration settings ... details in 360/67 funcchar at bitsaver
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/GA27-2719-2_360-67_funcChar.pdf

SMP, multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

Lot more 360/67, science center, tss/360, cp/67, and lincoln labs
(lincoln labs had 2-processor 360/67) history in melinda's history
document (science center 1st installed CP67 at lincoln labs ... after
the science center itself ... and then at the univ. last week Jan1968
... and I got to rewrite a large amount of the code)
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/25paper.pdf

there was a joke that tss/360 had 1200 people working on it when
cp67/cms had 12 people

you might also like this ... somebody doing some research ... since
gone 404 ... but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20070830203004/http://ibmcollectables.com/ibmlogo.html

... oh and continues on
https://web.archive.org/web/20070830203502/http://ibmcollectables.com/IBMlogo13.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20080113020030/http://ibmcollectables.com/IBMlogo15.html

past posts mentioning Melinda's history paper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#13 S/360 operating systems geneaology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#25 IBM Plugs Big Iron to the College Crowd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#39 A second look at memory access alignment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#41 TSO replacement?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#5 IBM/Watson autobiography--thoughts on?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#8 virtual 360/67 support in cp67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#49 Determining processor status without IPIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#6 About TLB in lower-level caches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#7 About TLB in lower-level caches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#12 About TLB in lower-level caches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#25 About TLB in lower-level caches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#31 MCTS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#55 History of first use of all-computerized typesetting?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#22 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#27 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#20 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?; Now : Programming practices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#23 threads versus task
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#24 CMSBACK
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#44 1960s railroad data processing on L&N
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#49 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#55 Scholars needed to build a computer history bibliography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#50 Running REXX program in a batch job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#96 source for VAX programmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#59 old internal network references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#67 Article says mainframe most cost-efficient platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#76 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#2 TSS (Transaction Security System)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#8 OT: CPL on LCM systems [was Re: COBOL will outlive us all]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#90 IBM Embraces Virtual Memory -- Finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#45 DEC introduces PDP-6 [was Re: IBM introduces System/360]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#3 A crashing disappointment!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360/67

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 360/67
Date: 05 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#59 IBM 360/67

Before graduation, I was hired into small group in the Boeing CFO
office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services
(consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to
better monetize the investment, including services for non-Boeing
entities. At the time, I thought Renton datacenter possibly largest in
the world ($200M-$300m in 360s, 60s $$$), 360/65s were arriving faster
than they could be installed and boxes constantly staged in the
hallways around the machine room. Boeing also had disaster plan
... that Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud slide takes out
the renton datacenter ... and the cost to Boeing being without the
renton datacenter for a week was supposedly greater than the cost of
the renton datacenter ... so the plan was to replicate the renton
datacenter up at the new 747 plant (747#3 was flying skies of seattle
getting faa flt certification) at Paine field. There was lots of
politics between the CFO and head of renton ... CFO had 360/30 for
boeing payroll (although they enlarged the machine room to install a
1mbyte, single processor 360/67 for me) while head of renton had
enormoursly more 360s. When I graduate, instead of staying at Boeing,
I join the science center at MIT.

Both the IBM branch people and the Boeing people tell story when 360
was initially announced. Boeing walks into the salesman office and
orders boatload of 360s, the salesman knows very little about 360s
... but in the days of straight commission makes him the highest paid
IBM employee that year. IBM then switches to quotas ... and next
january, Boeing walks in with another large 360 order ... and salesman
makes quota for the year. IBM then "adjusts" his quota and he leaves.

In the early 80s, I'm introduced to John Boyd and I would sponsor his
briefings at IBM. He had a lot of stories, including about very vocal
that the electronics across the trail wouldn't work ... so possibly as
punishment, he is put in command of "spook base" ... he said that it
had the largest air conditioned bldg in that part of the world. His
biographies claim that "spook base" was a $2.5B windfall for IBM
(again 60s $$$), ten times renton.  "spook base" reference (but lives
on at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

post posts mentioning IBM transition from commission to quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#43 Killer Hard Drives - Shrapnel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#72 bps loader, was PLX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#58 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#26 T3 Sues IBM To Break its Mainframe Monopoly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#29 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#59 z196 sysplex question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#7 Mainframe upgrade done with wire cutters?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#65 Who was the Greatest IBM President and CEO of the last century?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#37 movie "Airport" on cable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#0 Top IBM Salespeople Are Leaving In Droves, Say Those Who Have Quit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#3 Quitting Top IBM Salespeople Say They Are Leaving In Droves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#18 Why IBM chose MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!' made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#32 Univac 90 series info posted on bitsavers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#76 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#93 Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#36 IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#46 Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#38 Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#39 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360/67

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 360/67
Date: 05 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#59 IBM 360/67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#60 IBM 360/67

There was SIGP to signal other processor that you wanted it to do
something and MP atomic test&set instruction for serialized locking on
both 65 and 67 ... however OS/360 MP/65 primarily just used test&set
in the interrupt handlers (I/O, SVC, etc) to serialize execution on
only one processor at the time in the privileged operating system
(kernel). One of the reasons that MVT tended to claim that two
processor 360/65 had 1.2-1.3 times the throughput of single processor
(since if one processor was already executing in the operating system,
and the other processor entered an interrupt handler ... it would just
have to spin waiting for the other processor to leave the operating
system (enter wait and enter application execution).

When Charlie was doing fine-grain locking at the science center for
CP/67 (lots & lots of locks allowing high level of operating system
concurrent operation), he invented compare&swap instruction (name
chosen because CAS are charlie's initials). We then tried to get
compare&swap added to 370. It was initially rejected, the 370
architecture owners claimed that the POK favorite son operating system
people (OS/360 MVT ... transition to MVS) said that test&set was more
than sufficient (since the primarily just ran a single spin lock).

The 370 architecture owners said to get compare&swap justified for
370, we would have to come up with additional uses other than kernel
locking. Thus was born the examples that are still included in
principles of operation .... showing how compare&swap can be used by
multi-threaded applications (like CICS, IMS, etc) even when running on
single processor machines.

SMP, multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 370/195

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 370/195
Date: 05 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

San Jose Research had MVT 370/195 that could have 3month job queue
backup. Palo Alto Science Center eventually created a background
checkpoint for their VM/370 370/145 system. 195 system was 30 times
faster than 145 ... but PASC could get 3-4week turn around from 145
(using offshift cycles) compared to possibly 2-3month from 195.

I've periodically mentioned that one of my hobbies after joining IBM
was enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters. After
transferring to San Jose, I did bullet proof one for bldg. 14&15 disk
engineering and product test systems. Bldg 15 got 2nd (or 3rd?)
engineering 3033 from POK for disk channel testing. Testing took at
most a percent or two of the 3033 ... so we setup an online service
for using the rest of the machine.

There was somebody doing air bearing simulation for floating disk head
design ... and with high priority was getting 2-3 week turn around on
the 195. We set him up on the 3033 where he could get several turn
arounds a day (even tho 3033 was less then half the processor thruput
of 195).

trivia: when I first wandered into bldg 14&15 ... they were doing
stand-alone testing prescheduled 7x24. At one point they had tried MVS
to do some concurrent testing, but it turns out MVS had 15minute
mean-time-to-failure (requiring manual re-ipl) in that environment. I
offered to do bullet-proof, never fail input/output supervisor so they
could do any amount of on-demand concurrent testing (greatly improving
productivity).

getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

there was rumor that the lamp test switch on some model (with large
number of lights) had to be crippled.

I had got sucked in by the 370/195 people to work with them doing a
hyperthread version ... simulating multiprocessor with two instruction
streams (PSWs), two sets of registers, etc (sort of the precursor to
current hyperthreaded processors). there is early IBM patent on it
from ACS/360 supercomputer program (that got shudown primarily because
executives thot it would advance state-of-the-art too fast and IBM
would loose control of the market) ... ref here ... towards the bottom
("Sidebar: Multithreading").
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

195 had pipeline instruction stream and out-of-order execution ... but
no speculative execution, so conditional branch drained the pipeline
... it took careful programming to keep it at 10MIPs but most codes
ran at half throughput (5MIPs) because of conditional branch and
pipeline draining. objective of hyperthreading was two different
instruction streams (nominally running at 5MIPs) would keep the
pipeline full.

It never came to fruition ... likely because the decision being made
to virtual memory and no retrofit of virtual memory to 195. Also as I
have mentioned in recent thread, OS/360 (MVT, MVS) multiprocessor
support had bottleneck with kernel spin-lock so usually only claimed
1.2-1.3 throughput of single processor.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#61 IBM 360/67

the 370/195 people said that primary difference between 360/195 &
370/195 (besides the couple new instructions) was instruction retry
... which helped mask a lot of transient hardware failures

smp, multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

recent posts mentioning 360/195 hyperthreading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#37 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#65 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#7 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#44 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#45 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#3 Is multiprocessing better then multithreading?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#26 Multitasking, together with OS operations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#39 360/95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#37 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#46 Temporary Data Sets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#80 BYTE Magazine Pentomino Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#62 instruction clock speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#73 Backwards compatibility

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 3330 & 3380

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 3330 & 3380
Date: 07 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

not 2314->3330 but 3330->3380

there was internal program that monitored all disk activity and
generated output for moving 3330 data to 3380 ... load balancing 3330
data across available 3380 drives and not filling 3380 more than 80%
full.

The issue was the 3380 capacity increased more than performance
increased ... filling 3380 completely full would create contention and
slow down the system (the cost of degraded system throughput totally
swamp any savings in disk costs).

At SHARE we had a joke to defeat the bean counters ... strategy to
offer a "fast" 3380 at higher cost (that viewed empty space on disk as
wasted resources) ... basically a microcode load that only used half
of 3380 disk ... the bean counters could have done it themselves at
the cost of normal 3380 ... but bean counters were unable to actually
do it (those unfilled cylinders just preyed on their mind) ... so the
microcode fiction at higher cost.

Starting in the mid-70s I started complaining about slowing disks. By
the early 80s, I was claiming that relative system disk throughput had
declined by a factor of ten times since the 60s ... disks got 3-5
times faster but systems got 40-50 times faster ... so their relative
system throughput had lost ten times. Some disk executive took
exception to my claims and assigned the division performance group to
refute my claims. After a few weeks they came back and essentially
said that I had slightly understated the problem. The analysis was
then respun into a SHARE presentation on how to manage disk
configurations for improved system throughput (B874 @ SHARE 63). old
posts with pieces of B874.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#46
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3

old post with pieces showing parts of the original claim (compare 2314
to 3380)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#31

more recently I've been pointing out that processor cache miss latency
to memory, when measured in count of processor cycles, is about the
same as 60s disk access letency when measured in count of 60s
processor cycles. A couple decades ago some platforms started doing
out-of-order execution and hyperthreading for the equivalent 60s
multiprogramming to overlap execution while waiting for disk i/o (some
eventually shows up more recently in IBM mainframes, claim that half
of per processor improvement from z10->z196 was introduction of some
of these features).

trivia: long ago and far away ... after transfer to SJR, I did some
work on the original SQL/relational implementation, "System/R" ... and
participated in tech transfer to Endicott for SQL/DS ... "under the
radar" while the corporation was preoccupied with the "official" next
DBMS "EAGLE". Then when "EAGLE" failed, there was request how fast
could System/R be ported to MVS ... which was eventually announced as
DB2 (originally for decision support *ONLY*). Note during System/R
days in the 70s, there was some contention with the IMS group down the
road at STL.

system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

trivia2: I was asked on customer ibm-main conferencing system if I
could track down the original justification to move all 370 to virtual
memory. Tracked down the explanation that showed IBM executives the
MVT horrible storage management required MVT region sizes to be four
times larger than typically used. As a result typical customer 370/165
1mbyte system was limited to four regions. Going to virtual memory
would allow the number of regions to be increased by a factor of four
times (allowing for significant more computer processing overlapping
with disk i/o) with little or no page I/O. Old ibm-main post with
some of the details
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

some old posts talking about z10->z196
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#44 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#67 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#69 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#81 IBM Automatic (COBOL) Binary Optimizer Now Availabile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#110 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#103 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#12 IBM mainframe today

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How the Supreme Court Is Rebranding Corruption

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How the Supreme Court Is Rebranding Corruption
Date: 10 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

How the Supreme Court Is Rebranding Corruption
https://promarket.org/how-the-supreme-court-is-rebranding-corruption/

But wait, there's more. The Roberts Supreme Court has also rebranded
corruption by changing what counts as white-collar crimes. In Skilling
v. US (a case brought by disgraced ex-CEO of Enron Jeff Skilling
challenging his 24-year prison sentence for defrauding the company's
shareholders), the Supreme Court agreed with Skilling that he should
not have been charged with honest services fraud because his crimes
did not involve a bribe or a kickback. This Supreme Court decision led
to Skilling getting 10 years shaved off of his original sentence. He
was released from jail in 2018 and left his halfway house in 2019. He
is now a free man.

... snip ...

Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/22/business/enron-ceo-skilling-scandal.html

Rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent
future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime,
however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO
didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started publishing analysis
of public company fraudulent financial statements ... even showing
they increased after SOX goes into effect and nobody doing jailtime.

Later at the congressional MADOFF hearings, they had the person that
had tried unsuccesfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about
MADOFF (SEC hands were finally forced when MADOFF turned himself
in). Congress asked him if new regulations were needed. He said that
while new regulations might be needed, more important was transparency
and visibility (possibly because SEC wasn't enforcing the existing
regulations).

Another kind of example, as the economic mess was blowing up,
wallstreet lobbying groups were working with FBI to have the
definition of "mortgage fraud" to only apply to "borrowers", even
though financial institutions were primarily responsible for the
enormous amount of mortgage fraud.

... note Time's #2 for economic mess ... Now better known for GLBA and
repeal of Glass-Steagall (enabling Too Big To Fail, used
as excuse for not holding TBTF accountable), but on the list
for legislation blocking regulation of CDS gambling bets
(derivatives).
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

Born, CFTC chair, suggested regulating derivatives.
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/warning/

Gramm's wife replaces Born, while Gramm gets legislation passed
blocking derivative regulation), then his wife resigns to join Enron
board (and audit committee).
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html

Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, an
Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined
after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading
Commission.

... snip ...

gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/

A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy
Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its
board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which
oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this,
the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and
dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in
attendance fees

... snip ...

slightly different description: "Dark Money: The Hidden History of the
Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right"
https://www.amazon.com/Dark-Money-History-Billionaires-RadicalRight-ebook/dp/B0180SU4OA/
loc2953-55:

The most fateful Mercatus Center hire might have been Wendy Gramm, an
economist and director at the giant Texas energy company Enron who was
the wife of Senator Phil Gramm, the powerful Texas Republican. In the
mid-1990s, she became the head of Mercatus's Regulatory Studies
Program.

loc2955-57:

There, she pushed Congress to support what came to be known as the
Enron Loophole, exempting the type of energy derivatives from which
Enron profited from regulatory oversight. Both Enron and Koch
Industries, which also was a major trader of derivatives, lobbied
desperately for the loophole.

loc2958-59:

Some experts foresaw danger. In 1998, Brooksley Born, chair of the
Commodity Futures Trading Commission, warned that the lucrative but
risky derivatives market needed more government oversight.

loc2959-61:

But Senator Gramm, who chaired the Senate Banking Committee, ignored
such warnings, crafting a deregulatory bill made to order for Enron
and Koch, called the Commodity Futures Modernization Act.

... snip ...

but from the law of unintended consequences, Jan1999 I was asked to
try and help stop the coming economic mess. Some investment bankers
had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, were then doing Internet
IPO mills (invest a few mil, hype, IPO for a couple billion, should
fail, to leave field clear for next round), and were projected to get
into securitized mortgages next. Some securitized mortgages had been
used to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages during the S&L crises,
posterchild was office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Worth area that turned out
to be empty lots. I was to improve the integrity of securitized
mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure.

They then find that they could pay rating agencies for triple-A (when
the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008
congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and
they can start doing no-documentation, no-down, liar loans (pay for
triple-A and immediately sell everything into the bond market, largely
enabling being able to do over $27T, trillion! 2001-2008) w/o
supporting documents, there is no issue of document integrity ... and
the triple-A rating means that they no longer have to care about loan
quality or borrowers' qualifications.

They then realize that they can design securitized mortgages to fail,
pay for triple-A, sell into the bond market and take out CDS
gambling bets (derivatives) that they would fail (creating enormous
demand for dodgy loans, now they cared about borrowers' qualifications,
but not in the traditional way).. The largest holder of these
derivatives was AIG which was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the
dollar when SECTREAS steps in and has them sign paper they can't sue
those making the bets, and take TARP funds to pay off at face
value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest
recipient of face value payoffs was firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

Note that SECTREAS had lobbied hard to get congress to appropriate his
TARP funds, supposedly to buy offbook toxic assets (securitized
mortgages and loans), however with just $700B appropriated, it would
have hardly made a dent in the problem, with just the four largest
Too Big To Fail carrying over $5.2T year-end 2008. It was left to
the Federal Reserve to do the real bailout, buying trillions in toxic
assets and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds.
https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions
ZIRP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate_policy
$27T reference
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2008-10-27/evil-wall-street-exports-boomed-with-fools-born-to-buy-debt
the bloomberg "four largest TBTF, $5.2T reference is gone":

At the end of 2008, for example, off-balance-sheet assets at just the
four biggest U.S. banks -- Bank of America Corp., Citigroup Inc.,
JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Wells Fargo & Co. -- were about $5.2
trillion, according to their 2008 annual filings.

... snip ...

but this is later from 2015, Reuters saying the top six still held $3.3T:
https://www.reuters.com/investigates/special-report/usa-bankrules-weakening/

With their access to off-balance-sheet entities largely preserved, the
banks continue to hold vast sums of securitized loans offshore and off
their books. Together, JPMorgan Chase & Co, Bank of America Corp,
Citigroup, Wells Fargo & Co, Goldman Sachs Group Inc and Morgan
Stanley hold nearly $3.3 trillion of securitized loans in
off-balance-sheet entities.

... snip ...

Jan2009 (decade later), I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings
(30s senate hearings into '29crash, responsible for criminal
convictions and jailtime) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between
what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new
congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it over a
couple of months and then get a call saying it won't be needed after
all (comments about enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally
burying capital hill, possibly only 2-3 honest members of congress
left).

in the 80s, former CIA director and vice-president repeatedly claimed
he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was full-time administration point person deregulating the
financial industry causing the S&L crises
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess after turn of century, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crises. S&L crises had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 with jailtimes.

... the Federal Reserve fought hard legal battle to prevent disclosing
that they were doing the real bailout. When they lost and the details
became public, the FED Chair held a press conference. He said that he
believed that the TBTF would have used the ZIRP funds to help main
street ... but when they didn't (buying treasuries and banking the
spread, at least $300B/annum), he had no way to force them ... but
that didn't stop the ZIRP funds. Note that the FED Chair had been
chosen in part because of having been a student of the '29crash &
depression ... when the FED had tried something similar with the same
results ... so there should have been no expectation of anything
different this time.

Enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
financial reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
Date: 10 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2019/09/what-happened-to-aung-san-suu-kyi/594781/

Many Burmese resent people of South Asian descent, in part because
when Britain governed Myanmar (then Burma) as part of India, it put
Indians in positions of authority. And many Burmese Buddhists fear the
fate of countries such as Afghanistan and Indonesia, where an
intolerant strain of Islam--at times financed by Saudi Arabia--has
supplanted Buddhism.

... snip ...

note, from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended
consequences that come back to bite you
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates
in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts
to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up
large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't
hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the
world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ....

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin
Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

other recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
Date: 10 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
https://www.wired.com/story/facebook-knows-more-about-you-than-cia/

As an undergraduate I redid some amount of os/360 ... but especially
redid/rewrote lots of cp/67 (precursor to vm370) ... since CP/67 was
shipped with full (machine readable source). I never knew about these
guys at the time (ref. gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml
but IBM would suggest things for me to rewrite in CP67, and in
retrospect some of the suggestions may have originated from
gov. agencies.

After joining IBM I was asked to give computer/security classes at the
agency. They would sometimes brag offline that they knew where I was
every day of my life back to birth (and challenged me to name any
date) ... weird because I never worked for the gov. and/or have had a
clearance ... possibly justified since they ran so much of my software
(however this was all before the Church commission) ... there were
even people who believed I worked for the agency ... even some agency
people.

Trivia: some of them were active in (IBM customer user group) SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
They chose as their SHARE installation code: CAD (supposedly for
"cloak-and-dagger"). I've mentioned before that in AUG1976, TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
started offering their CMS-based online computer conferencing system
free to SHARE in Aug1976 ... archives here (sometimes you can find
their CAD installation code)
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

Other trivia, in the same timeframe, IBM got a new CSO that had came
from gov. service (at one time head of presidential detail) and I was
asked to spend some time traveling with him, talking about computer
security (and little bit of physical security rubbed off on me).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
Date: 10 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#66 Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA

original announce was 360/60 & 360/70 ... both with the same 1msec
memory ... this was upgraded to 750nsec memory and re-announced as
360/65 and 360/75.

360/67 (simplex) was basically 360/65 with dynamic address translation
added. Multiprocessor 360/67 was a lot more different than 360/65
multiprocessor. two processor 360/65 basically shared the same memory
but had all their own dedicated processsor channels (simulated
multiprocessor I/O configurations by having dual-channel controllers
connected to the processor specific channels at the same address).

360/67 multiprocessor configuration controller, multi-ported memory,
all processors could access all channels ... and channel I/O and CPU
could access different memory banks concurrently. The "control
registers" could also "sense" the configuration controller switch
settings. Original announce was for up to 4-way processor
configurations ... but mostly two-way were built except for one three
processor for the (Lockheed) MOL (manned orbital laboratory) project
.... the three processor in addition to "sensing" configuration switch
settings ... could also set values in the control registers to change
the configuration settings ... details in 360/67 funcchar at bitsaver
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/GA27-2719-2_360-67_funcChar.pdf

Lot more 360/67, science center, tss/360, cp/67, and lincoln labs
(lincoln labs had 2-processor 360/67) history in melinda's history
document (science center 1st installed CP67 at lincoln labs ... after
the science center itself ... and then at the univ. last week Jan1968
... and I got to rewrite a large amount of the code)
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/25paper.pdf

there was a joke that tss/360 had 1200 people working on it when
cp67/cms had 12 people

you might also like this ... somebody doing some research ... since
gone 404 ... but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20070830203004/http://ibmcollectables.com/ibmlogo.html

... oh and continues on
https://web.archive.org/web/20070830203502/http://ibmcollectables.com/IBMlogo13.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20080113020030/http://ibmcollectables.com/IBMlogo15.html
and more ....

There was SIGP to signal other processor that you wanted it to do
something and MP atomic test&set instruction for serialized locking on
both 65 and 67 ... however OS/360 MP/65 primarily just used test&set
in the interrupt handlers (I/O, SVC, etc) to serialize execution on
only one processor at the time in the privileged operating system
(kernel). One of the reasons that MVT tended to claim that two
processor 360/65 had 1.2-1.3 times the throughput of single processor
(since if one processor was already executing in the operating system,
and the other processor entered an interrupt handler ... it would just
have to spin waiting for the other processor to leave the operating
system (enter wait and enter application execution).

When Charlie was doing fine-grain locking at the science center for
CP/67 (lots & lots of locks allowing high level of operating system
concurrent operation), he invented compare&swap instruction (name
chosen because CAS are charlie's initials). We then tried to get
compare&swap added to 370. It was initially rejected, the 370
architecture owners claimed that the POK favorite son operating system
people (OS/360 MVT ... transition to MVS) said that test&set was more
than sufficient (since the primarily just ran a single spin lock).

The 370 architecture owners said to get compare&swap justified for
370, we would have to come up with additional uses other than kernel
locking. Thus was born the examples that are still included in
principles of operation .... showing how compare&swap can be used by
multi-threaded applications (like CICS, IMS, etc) even when running on
single processor machines.

SMP multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
Date: 10 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#66 Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#67 Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA

one of the things I did as undergraduate in the 60s, was get OS/360
system generation to run in standard job stream ... significantly cut
elapsed time as well as not needing dedicated time. Getting stage1
sysgen to run was fairly straight forward ... the trick was the stage2
output. The initial primary motivation was carefully tore stage2 apart
and put it back together for dataset and PDS member order for
optimized disk arm motion (I got about 3times speed for typical
univ. workload). Once I had done that ... there wasn't a whole lot
more work to get stage2 to run in production system (w/HASP
... compared to running with the starter system). Early on needed
stand along time ... but the univ. shutdown the datacenter from 8am
sat until 8am monday .... and I had the whole place dedicated to
myself ... although 48hrs w/o sleep could make a monday morning class
a little hard. It is fairly obvious to keep the highest used
dataset/members close together to minimize seek distance. Less obvious
was placing the highest used members at the front of the PDS dataset
to minimize the multi-track PDS directory search time.

Old post with part of presentation I gave at fall '68 SHARE meeting.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Shows running OS/360 benchmark running with and w/o CP67 ... as well
as under CP67 after I rewrote major CP67 portions (mostly during
summer 1968)

Benchmark was student job workload that originally ran less than a
second per job on 709 (tape-to-tape, with manually moving tape between
709 and 1401 doing unit record).

Initial move to OS/360 360/65 (67 running in 65 mode) was well over a
minute per job ... nearly 100 times increase. Installing HASP cut time
nearly in half to something over 30 seconds. Redoing stage2 SYSGEN to
optimize disk activity, got it down to 12.9seconds per job.

Initially running OS/360 under CP/67 increased time to about what it
was before I did the SYSGEN optimization (the SYSGEN optimization was
cutting disk wait time, while CP/67 increase was all CP67 CPU
overhead).

univ student job benchmark

322 seconds elapsed
856 seconds ... added 534 seconds CP67 cpu overhead
435 seconds ... cut to 113 seconds CP67 cpu overhead, reducing CP67
overhead by 421 CPU secs

trivia the STAGE2 sysgen redo cut 500-some seconds off benchmark in
disk wait time, the initial OS360 under CP67 added 500+seconds to
benchmark in CP67 cpu overhead, I then rewrote lots of CP67 and got
the CP67 overhead down to 113 CPU secs (cutting 421 CPU secs)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Decline of IBM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Decline of IBM
Date: 10 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

In the early 80s, I was introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his
briefings at IBM. He would refer to former military officers were
starting to destroy US corporate culture with their ingrained rigid,
top-down, command&control (decisions had to be forced up to the very
top because only they were qualified to making decisions). However,
that was about the same time that articles were starting to appear
that MBAs were destroying US corporations with their myopic focus on
quarterly results (some amount of that was discussed in "Tandem Memos"
... part of the internal online computer conferencing that I was
blamed for in the late 70s and early 80s).

also from: The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society
Endangers Our Future, pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create,
barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help
ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see,
some of the most important innovations in business in the last three
decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on
how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent
government regulations intended to align social returns and private
rewards

... snip ...

Besides the part of former officers steeped in rigid, top-down,
command&control destroying US corporate culture ... one of his other
lines was

"There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose
which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and
positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that
are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite
often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords
with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you
have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want
to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be
or to do, that is the question." Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF 1927-1997

... snip ...

used at the dedication of Boyd Hall, United States Air Force Weapons
School, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. 17 September 1999. Somewhat of
a surprise since the USAF had pretty much disowned Boyd and it was the
Marines at Arlington ... and his effects went to Quantico. Part of the
problem was offending the strategic bomber crowd having redone the
original F15 design (cutting weight nearly in half) and responsible
for the YF16 & YF17 (which become the F16 and F18).

John Boyd on Clausewitz: Don't Fall in Love with Your Mental Model
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2018/3/22/john-boyd-on-clausewitz-dont-fall-in-love-with-your-mental-model
A New Concept of War, John Boyd, the U.S. Marines, and Maneuver Warfare
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf?ver=2018-11-08-094859-167
John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Spinney tribute to John Boyd (for those with subscriptions)
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives free at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
other refs:
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Decline of IBM

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Decline of IBM
Date: 10 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#69 Decline of IBM

"Down fall" of IBM could be considered to have started with FS
"failure" Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time
Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of
the 70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were
being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited
with giving clone processor makers market foothold:

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no
waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in
the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management,
F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from
the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

AMEX and KKR were in competition for private-equity, LBO,
leveraged-buyout of RJR ... and KKR wins:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

KKR runs into problems and hires away the AMEX president to help. IBM
has gone into the red and was reorganizing into the 13 "baby blues" in
preparation for breaking up the company. The board then hires away the
former AMEX president ... who reverses the breakup and also uses some
of the techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

He then leaves IBM to become head of another large private-equity
company (buying up gov. contractors & beltway bandits, hiring
prominent politicians to lobby having gov. outsourced to their
companies, including Snowden's employer)
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ....

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, just intelligence: 70% of
budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and significantly speeding up the spreading success of failure
culture, lots more money for for-profit companies in PE-mills with a
series of failures (analogous to military-industrial complex
"perpetual war", actually winning a war might reduce the budget)
... claims that it also significantly contributes to the Intelligence
failures.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

also rise and fall of IBM ... from mid-90s by former IBM executive
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm
https://www.ecole.org/en/65/CM200195-ENG.pdf

a period where the company was being restructured into what this time
magazine reference called the 13 "baby blues" ... in preparation for
splitting up the company ... "fall of ibm" article from 28Dec1992 "How
IBM Was Left Behind" (gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at
wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

re: 13 baby blues & the break up; we had left IBM, but got a call from
the bowels of Armonk asking if we could help with some of the breakup
mechanics (however before we get started, a new CEO had reversed the
breakup). We had been hearing from various people still in IBM that
the executives were not paying attention to running the business
... but were myopically concentrating on moving expenses from the
following year to the current year. We asked our Armonk contact and he
said that the current year was in the red and the top execs won't get
their bonuses (no matter how far into the red). However, the way the
bonus plan was written, if they could nudge the following year into
the black (moving current year further into the red by transferring
expenses from the following year), they would get a bonus more than
twice as large as any previous bonus (in effect being rewarded for
taking the company into the red).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Decline of IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Decline of IBM
Date: 10 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#69 Decline of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#70 Decline of IBM

Former IBM CEO John Opel Dies
https://www.pcworld.com/article/243311/former_ibm_ceo_john_opel_dies.html

According to the New York Times, it was Opel who met with Bill Gates,
CEO of the then-small software firm Microsoft, to discuss the
possibility of using Microsoft PC-DOS OS for IBM's
about-to-be-released PC. Opel set up the meeting at the request of
Gates' mother, Mary Maxwell Gates. The two had both served on the
National United Way's executive committee.

... snip ...

other trivia: before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was Seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before Seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing cp/m, kildall worked on cp67/cms (precursor to
vm370/cms) at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Decline of IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Decline of IBM
Date: 10 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#69 Decline of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#70 Decline of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#71 Decline of IBM

Not long after the turn of the century, the large cloud operators had
started saying they were building their own servers at 1/3rd the cost
of brand name servers. Large cloud operator will have several large
megadatacenters, each with half million or more servers. IBM unloaded
its server business about the time chip vendors started saying that
they were shipping over half their server chips directly to cloud
megadatacenters ... and that these chips were starting to be custom
designed for cloud operations (including aggressively pushing "green
operations"). Cloud operations had so drastically reduced server cost
that power&cooling were increasingly becoming major part of
megadatacenter ... aka cloud operations viewed computing as a cost
item, not a profit item.

There are rumors that some of the server makers (still in the
business) will do "white box" private clouds close to cost of
megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Decline of IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Decline of IBM
Date: 10 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#69 Decline of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#70 Decline of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#71 Decline of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#72 Decline of IBM

periodic repost, late 80s, senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled
at internal, annual, world-wide communication group conference,
supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk that the
communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the
disk division. The issue was the communication group had stranglehold
on datacenters with its corporate strategic ownership of everything
that crossed the datacenter walls and was fighting off client/server
and distributed computing trying to preserve their (emulated) dumb
terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data
fleeing the mainframe datacenters to more distributed computing
friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come
up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed
by the communication group. The stranglehold that communication group
had on IBM (customer) datacenters wasn't just restricted to disks and
a few short years later the company has gone into the red (and was
being restructured into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for
breaking up the company.

dump, terminal emulation posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Employers escape sanctions, while the undocumented risk lives and prosecution

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Employers escape sanctions, while the undocumented risk lives and prosecution
Date: 11 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Employers escape sanctions, while the undocumented risk lives and prosecution
https://publicintegrity.org/immigration/immigration-decoded/employers-escape-sanctions-while-the-undocumented-risk-lives-and-prosecution/

In 1992, AMEX spins off (a lot of its financial outsourcing & IBM
mainframe dataprocessing as) "FDC", in the largest IPO up until that
time. Mid-90s, FDC and First Financial were in bidding war for
purchase of Western Union. FDC drops out because WU was in poor
financial shape. Then FDC and First Financial merge (and FDC has to
spin off MoneyGram). After the turn of the century there is huge
explosion in companies bringing in illegal workers over the border (to
work at below minimum wage) and corresponding explosion in WU revenue
from illegal workers sending paychecks home. By 2005 (5yrs), WU
revenue had increased to the point that it was as large as all the
rest of FDC revenue (half of total, including merger with First
Financial and other companies). Possibly in part because the president
of Mexico invited FDC executives to Mexico to be thrown in jail (for
how much WU was making off Mexican workers), FDC spins off WU as
independent company.

This has large companies started funding National Chamber of Commerce
around the turn of the century to lobby congress on the issue ... even
talks about local chapters severing relationships with the national
body over the illegal worker issue.
https://www.amazon.com/Influence-Machine-Commerce-Corporate-American-ebook/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

Some number of organizations were looking the other way during the
economic mess bubble (lots of work for everybody) ... it becomes a lot
more of an issue after the bubble bursts.

Note this is same congress that lets the fiscal responsibility act
lapse in 2002 (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to
eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller of the federal
government was including in speeches that nobody in congress was
capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging
the budget). CBO 2010 report that 2003-2009, tax revenue was cut by
$6T and spending increased by $6T for a $12T gap compared to fiscal
responsibility budget. Sort of confluence of federal reserve and Too
Big To Fail wanting huge federal debt, wallstreet and special
interests wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex
wanting enormous spending increase. This also the administration and
congress that look the other way regarding all the stuff happening
during the economic mess ... and the fabrication justifying the two
(now perpetual) wars.

recent note/post on last decade and the related activities:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#64 How the Supreme Court Is Rebranding Corruption

fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
US Comptroller General posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.htmlsubmisc.html##comptroller.general
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts mentioning "influence machine"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#48 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#56 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#2 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#79 Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#110 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#91 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#44 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#102 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#103 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#106 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#77 Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on the businesses that hire them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#9 Which States Account for Our Trade Deficit with Mexico?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#54 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#78 A Short History Of Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#119 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#49 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
Date: 11 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004

The truth, then, is that Long and Coughlin, together with the
influential Communist Party and other leftist organizations, helped
save the New Deal from becoming genuinely fascist, from devolving into
the dictatorial rule of big business. The pressures towards fascism
remained, as reactionary sectors of business began to have significant
victories against the Second New Deal starting in the late 1930s. But
the genuine power that organized labor had achieved by then kept the
U.S. from sliding into all-out fascism (in the Marxist sense) in the
following decades.

... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they funded a large propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity (as part of refurbishing their horribly corrupt and venal image)
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

in part, by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of
allegiance, even though founders strongly behind separation of church
(/religion) and state; slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

Even though the movement behind inserting "under God" into the pledge
might have been initiated by a private religious fraternity and even
though references to God appear in previous versions of the pledge,
historian Kevin M. Kruse asserts that this movement was an effort by
corporate America to instill in the minds of the people that
capitalism and free enterprise were heavenly blessed. Kruse
acknowledges the insertion of the phrase was influenced by the
push-back against Russian atheistic communism during the Cold War, but
argues the longer arc of history shows the conflation of Christianity
and capitalism as a challenge to the New Deal played the larger
role.[28]

[28] Kevin M. Kruse (March 30, 2015). "How 'One Nation' Didn't Become
'Under God' Until The '50s Religious Revival". NPR.

... snip ...

aka "Coming of America Fascism" shows countered the "New Deal"
becoming fascist ... which had been the objective of the capitalists
... and possibly contributed to forcing them further into the
Nazi/fascist camp.

past posts mentioning pledge of allegiance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#33 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#55 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#61 How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#103 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#33 old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#50 More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#98 Christian nationalists are trying to seize power -- but progressives have a plan to fight back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
Date: 11 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy,
industry and military 20s thru early 40s. The Brothers: John Foster
Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War,
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:

In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their
investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a
loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their
agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took
power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend
Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan &
Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there,
including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and
General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active
regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences; 1943 US Strategic Bombing
Program, they needed German industrial and military targets and
locations, they got the information and detailed plans from
wallstreet.

posts mention Dulles brothers:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#11 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#19 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#26 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#71 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#35 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#37 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#53 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#10 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#0 How Corporate America Invented Christian America; Inside one reverend's big business-backed 1940s crusade to make the country conservative again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#86 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#77 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#78 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#80 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#91 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#11 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#64 Strategic Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#63 America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#2 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#32 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#83 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#54 Mary Jo White Seriously Misled The US Senate To Become SEC Chair
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#64 Jean Tirole's Proposal to Appoint Felons to Monitor CEOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#36 Trump's S.E.C. Nominee Disclosure Offers Rare Glimpse of Clients and Conflicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#22 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#23 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#85 Early use of word "computer", 1944
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#102 75 years ago, Hitler invaded Poland. Here's how it happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#74 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#21 Norden bombsight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#31 The U.S. was not founded as a Christian nation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#8 The First World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#49 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#67 IBM's Chief Executive's Message to Shareholders 75 Years Ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#61 How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#103 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#33 old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#70 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#77 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017; The ratio of CEO-to-worker compensation grew to 312-to-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#50 More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
Date: 11 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea
to Afghanistan
https://www.amazon.com/Magic-Mayhem-Delusions-American-Afghanistan-ebook/dp/B003L786HI/

from Amazon:

AFGHANISTAN AND IRAQ are the latest in a string of blunders that
includes Vietnam and an unintended war with China from 1950 to '53,
those four fiascoes being just the worst moments in nearly a lifetime
of false urgencies, intelligence failures, grandiose designs, and
stereotyping of enemies and allies alike. America brought down the
Soviet empire at the cold war's most dangerous juncture, but even that
victory was surrounded by myths, such as the conviction that we can
easily shape the destinies of other people.

Misjudgments of this scale arise from a pattern of self-deception best
described as "magical thinking." When we think magically, we conjure
up beliefs that everyone wants to be like us, that America can
accomplish anything out of sheer righteousness, and that our own
wizardly policymakers will enable gigantic desires like "transforming
the Middle East" to happen fast. Mantras of "stability" or "democracy"
get substituted for reasoned reflection. Faith is placed in high-tech
silver bullets, whether drones over Pakistan or helicopters in
Vietnam.

... snip, and book:

pg104/loc1608-11:

At the far end of self-deception, emergency men convince themselves
that they know how their opponent actually thinks. General MacArthur
insisted that no one understood the "Oriental mind" better than he,
whether those "minds" were Japanese or Filipino or those of Chinese
revolutionaries. In contending with Moscow, Robert McNamara shared a
similar conceit.

pg157/loc2417-20:

Big gaps in understanding don't inhibit emergency men. Long after
Saigon fell, McNamara could observe that a major lesson for America
was to "know your opponent." To emphasize a point so blindingly
obvious, indeed the most basic rule of war, shows a disdain for
reality. Impossible dreams ensue. As Bundy concluded by 1965, "this
damn war is much tougher" than had been anticipated.

pg181/loc2812-17:

Already in 2002 he had been reporting to Langley that Saddam had no
active WMD programs, let alone fissile material. His analogy to Oz
captures the ever-accreting layers of bureaucracy that arrive as more
money is appropriated, more people assigned, all marshaled under the
managerial conviction that a new organization chart brings a
transformative quality. "The yellow brick road just seemed to get
longer and longer" as station chiefs struggled to report to the
top. And along the march to folly, the magical persuasions of a
culture that refuses to admit error is "one explanation that sure
makes sense to me."

... snip ...

Note that this has slant of self-assured "emergency men" going forward
firmly believing in America's manifest destiny and they know
best. However there are other views.

CIA director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" Soviet military
analysis, then Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with Bush1, who would
approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD budget increase), after
Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to
become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

In the 80s, Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Former CIA director Bush is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting
Saddam and Iraq, including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

Also from 1980s, truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended
consequences that come back to bite you
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates
in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts
to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up
large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't
hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the
world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ...  and
after turn of the century, bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo
recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to
invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and
proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the
white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia,
now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, H. is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and
one of the "Team B" member is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of
Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card
... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that
WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, the cousin's book was
published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

The Military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that
corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if
they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in
NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for
purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC
complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences,
the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for (the
fabricated) WMDs, when they got around to going back to ammo dumps,
over a million metric tons had evaporated (amd large artillery shells
start showing up in IEDs).
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Enormous self-interest, graft and corruption.

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent graft & corruption posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#58 Bureaucracy and Agile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#48 7 Charts Exposing The Nation's Pension Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#56 It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#91 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#0 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#29 The Coming Economic Crash -- And How to Stop It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#38 Trump's Message to U.S. Intelligence Officials: Be Loyal or Leave
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#45 Sand and Steel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#49 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#64 How the Supreme Court Is Rebranding Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#74 Employers escape sanctions, while the undocumented risk lives and prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
Date: 12 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/08/bretton-woods-institutions-enforcers-not-saviours.html

According to their own internal evaluations, both the World Bank (WB)
and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have huge credibility
deficits due to the policy conditionalities and advice they have
dispensed to developing countries in recent decade

... snip ...

The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White,
and the Making of a New World Order
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/
pg356/loc6452-55:

Not surprisingly, Triffin's, Rueff's, and Hayek's radical alternatives
to Bretton Woods "international money, a revived gold standard, and
private money competition" were not congenial to governments,
particularly that of the United States. But Friedman's monetarist
ideas had legs; they did not threaten to make national central banks
irrelevant.

... snip ...

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky
disproved (Friedman) economists' assumption that people make rational
decisions ...
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds-ebook/dp/B01GI6S7EK/r
loc1155-59:

He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was
stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models
are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the
people you know are idiots."

loc4421-24:

Amos heard over and over from economists and decision theorists that
he and Danny had exaggerated human fallibility. Or that the kinks in
the mind that they had observed were artificial. Or only present in
the minds of college undergraduates. Or . . . something. A lot of
people with whom Amos interacted had big investments in the idea that
people were rational.

... snip ...

Harry Dexter triva: ... US assistant secretary of treasury Harry
Dexter White was operating on behalf of Stalin. Stalin was worried
that Japan would attack from the east (opening another front) when he
was already dealing with 3/4ths German military. He wanted to draw
Japan into attacking US, so he sent White draft demands for US to
transmit to Japan ... in US Hull note (ultimatum) which was major
motivation factor for Japan to attack Pearl Harbor.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
hull note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
More Venona
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project

also: Another example of White acting as an agent of influence for the
Soviet Union was his obstruction of a proposed $200 million loan to
Nationalist China in 1943, which he had been officially instructed to
execute. ... contributing to Nationalist loosing China.

Benn Stein in "The Battle of Bretton Woods" spends pages 55-58
discussing "Operation Snow". pg56/loc1065-66:

The Soviets had, according to Karpov, used White to provoke Japan to
attack the United States. The scheme even had a name: "Operation
Snow," snow referring to White.

... snip ...

also

Eric Rauchway Battles "The Battle of Bretton Woods"
https://www.cfr.org/blog/eric-rauchway-battles-battle-bretton-woods
Operation Snow: How a Soviet Mole in FDR's White House Triggered Pearl Harbor
https://www.amazon.com/Operation-Snow-Soviet-Triggered-Harbor-ebook/dp/B009KN1RUU/
Pearl Harbor: Operation Snow
https://www.historyonthenet.com/pearl-harbor-operation-snow/
The Morgenthau Plan: Soviet Influence on American Postwar Policy
https://books.google.com/books?id=pbyAycr32g4C&pg=PA25&lpg=PA25&dq=operation+snow+karpov&source=bl&ots=ioSWDtclcy&sig=8BERLSlsda8OHpZzLlA7oc64jw0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiEremg6ebXAhUU1WMKHQ2tDuYQ6AEIRDAF#v=onepage&q=operation%20snow%20karpov&f=false

past posts mentioning Bretton Woods
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#53 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#4 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#71 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#35 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#41 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
Date: 12 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?

Economic Hit Man has "World Bank" & "IMF" playing major roles in being
able to loot countries, convincing resource rich country to take out
enormous loans for economic development ... grossly inflated,
gold-plated contracts are then let to US engineering & construction
companies. The numbers have been fudged that the projects will
generate enough activity to pay off the loans ... which never
happens. The country defaults on the loans ... and various natural
resources are taken in lieu of payment. All of this significantly
aided by bribes to various responsible gov. officials.
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
pg89/loc1598-1601:

I knew what none of them could possibly know, that the corporatocracy,
its band of EHMs, and the jackals waiting in the background would
never allow the little guys to gain control. I only had to draw upon
the examples of Arbenz and Mossadegh--and more recently, upon the 1973
CIA overthrow of Chile's democratically elected president, Salvador
Allende. In fact, I understood that the stranglehold of global empire
was growing stronger, despite OPEC--or, as I suspected at the time but
did not confirm until later, with OPEC's help.

pg217/loc3378-80:

However, by the late 1980s it was apparent that Saddam was not buying
into the EHM scenario. This was a major frustration and a great
embarrassment to the first Bush administration. Like Panama, Iraq
contributed to George H. W. Bush's wimp image. As Bush searched for a
way out, Saddam played into his hands.

... also, pg106/log1728-36:

Vanity Fair concluded: The Bush family and the House of Saud, the two
most powerful dynasties in the world, have had close personal,
business, and political ties for more than 20 years. . . . In the
private sector, the Saudis supported Harken Energy, a struggling oil
company in which George W. Bush was an investor. Most recently, former
president George H. W. Bush and his longtime ally, former Secretary of
State James A. Baker III, have appeared before Saudis at fundraisers
for the Carlyle Group, arguably the biggest private equity firm in the
world. Today, former president Bush continues to serve as a senior
adviser to the firm, whose investors allegedly include a Saudi accused
of ties to terrorist support groups. . . . Just days after 9/11,
wealthy Saudi Arabians, including members of the bin Laden family,
were whisked out of the US on private jets. No one will admit to
clearing the flights, and the passengers weren't questioned. Did the
Bush family's long relationship with the Saudis help make it happen?

... snip ...

... and from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended
consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam &
ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates
in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts
to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up
large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't
hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the
world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin
Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

past refs to EHM, world bank and IMF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#69 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#14 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
Date: 12 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?

also last decade, they even started using EHM strategy against the
American public ... talking them into enormous mortgages that they
would never be able to pay back.
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

80s, VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no knowledge
of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial
industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade, Bush2 is president and presides over the economic mess,
70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis. S&L crisis had 1000
criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess
should have 70,000 (criminal convictions with jailtime).

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Where do byte orders come from, Nova vs PDP-11

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Where do byte orders come from, Nova vs PDP-11
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 13 Aug 2019 13:19:30 -1000

John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:

The Nova was a good computer, a lot of performance from a low cost
design.  It eventually had the same problem DEC did, nobody wanted
a mini any more when they could get commodity micros.

Old post, I've periodically reference, decade of DEC VAX sales, sliced
and diced by year, model, US/non-US ... around mid-80s drop in sales,
effectively shows mid-range market moving to large PCs and
workstations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

IBM 4300s sold in the same mid-range market with similar numbers
(modulo large corporate orders of 100+ for distributed computing
placing out in departmental areas) ... and experienced similar
decline.

I had a project that I was told neeeded some IBM content so went to
order some Series/1 ... but this was just after IBM had bought ROLM
... ROLM was DG machines and years output of Series/1 were ordered to
replace DG. The person running ROLM datacenter (even before IBM bought
them), I had known several years earlier at IBM ... and horse traded
some of help with their build&test for some series/1.

later in SCI meetings
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface

both sequent and data general went with four i486 proceessor (shared
cache) boards ... with SCI memory interface (allowing up to 64 boards,
256 processors). Never did see any of the data general machines
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems
... but did see some number of the sequent
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems#NUMA

this was before IBM bought them and shut them down. I had left in the
early 90s ... but did some consulting for Steve Chen ... who was CTO
of Sequent at the time
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Chen_(computer_engineer)

SMP multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
Date: 14 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the
Bomb Knew It
https://www.thenation.com/article/why-the-us-really-bombed-hiroshima/

Indeed, it would have been surprising if they had: Despite the
terrible concentrated power of atomic weapons, the firebombing of
Tokyo earlier in 1945 and the destruction of numerous Japanese cities
by conventional bombing had killed far more people. The Navy Museum
acknowledges what many historians have long known: It was only with
the entry of the Soviet Union's Red Army into the war two days after
the bombing of Hiroshima that the Japanese moved to finally
surrender. Japan was used to losing cities to American bombing; what
their military leaders feared more was the destruction of the
country's military by an all-out Red Army assault.

... snip ...

McNamara was LeMay staff planning fire bombing of German & Japanese
cities. McNamara quoted LeMay as saying if US had lost WW2, it would
be them on trial for war crimes. McNamara then leaves for auto
industry, but returns for Vietnam as SECDEF where he drops more
tonnage than on Germany & Japan combined.

Soviets had 1.5M military quickly defeat million Japanese in Manchuria
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_invasion_of_Manchuria
.... compared to US had 600K against 76K Japanese in Okinawa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Okinawa

This covers a lot of Soviets in WW2, including Manchuria (after
Germans had been defeated) "free pdf"
https://history.army.mil/html/books/070/70-89-1/index.html

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts mentioning Manchuria &/or Okinawa battles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#67 Downwind from Alamogordo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#64 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#60 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#62 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#74 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#93 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#72 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#75 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#84 Early use of word "computer", 1944
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#81 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#86 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#64 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#71 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#35 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#37 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#34 oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#38 oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#74 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#72 This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why The Dollar Rules The World - And Why Its Reign Could End

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why The Dollar Rules The World - And Why Its Reign Could End
Date: 15 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Why The Dollar Rules The World - And Why Its Reign Could End
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-08-13/why-dollar-rules-world-and-why-its-reign-could-end

After each of the two world wars in the 20th century, the United
States emerged as the largest creditor country, while the war had
ruined the economies of the war-time enemies along with that of the
major allies. After the end of the Cold War, this pattern would
experience a repetition. The United States, so it seems, has been,
since then, the only remaining superpower.

... snip ...

Enormous graft and corruption. The neutrality act were by members of
congress that said they were doing it in reaction to the enormous war
profiteering that they saw during WW1. The opposing forces then ran
propaganda campaign to respin it as isolationism.

recent Bretton Woods &/or Facism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#80 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#82 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Steve King Devised an Insane Formula to Claim Undocumented Immigrants Are Taking Over America

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Steve King Devised an Insane Formula to Claim Undocumented Immigrants Are Taking Over America
Date: 15 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Steve King Devised an Insane Formula to Claim Undocumented Immigrants
Are Taking Over America; The congressman also blamed abortion for
population loss in rural America
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/steve-king-immigration-white-nationalism-871961/

In 1992, AMEX spins off (a lot of its financial outsourcing & IBM
mainframe dataprocessing as) "FDC", in the largest IPO up until that
time. Mid-90s, FDC and First Financial were in bidding war for
purchase of Western Union. FDC drops out because WU was in poor
financial shape. Then FDC and First Financial merge (and FDC has to
spin off MoneyGram). After the turn of the century there is huge
explosion in companies bringing in illegal workers over the border (to
work at below minimum wage) and corresponding explosion in WU revenue
from illegal workers sending paychecks home. By 2005 (5yrs), WU
revenue had increased to the point that it was as large as all the
rest of FDC revenue (half of total, including merger with First
Financial and other companies). Possibly in part because the president
of Mexico invited FDC executives to Mexico to be thrown in jail (for
how much WU was making off Mexican workers), FDC spins off WU as
independent company.

This has large companies started funding National Chamber of Commerce
around the turn of the century to lobby congress on the issue ... even
talks about local chapters severing relationships with the national
body over the illegal worker issue.
https://www.amazon.com/Influence-Machine-Commerce-Corporate-American-ebook/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

Some number of organizations were looking the other way during the
economic mess bubble (lots of work for everybody) ... it becomes a lot
more of an issue after the bubble bursts.

Note this is same congress that lets the fiscal responsibility act
lapse in 2002 (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to
eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller of the federal
government was including in speeches that nobody in congress was
capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging
the budget). CBO 2010 report that 2003-2009, tax revenue was cut by
$6T and spending increased by $6T for a $12T gap compared to fiscal
responsibility budget. Sort of confluence of federal reserve and Too
Big To Fail wanting huge federal debt, wallstreet and special
interests wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex
wanting enormous spending increase. This also the administration and
congress that look the other way regarding all the stuff happening
during the economic mess ... and the fabrication justifying the two
(now perpetual) wars.

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
comptroller general posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Former Madoff Whistleblower Attacks GE Over $40 Billion Accounting Shortfall

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Former Madoff Whistleblower Attacks GE Over $40 Billion Accounting Shortfall
Date: 15 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Former Madoff Whistleblower Attacks GE Over $40 Billion Accounting
Shortfall
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-08-15/former-madoff-whistleblower-attacks-ge-over-40-billion-accounting-shortfall
Markopolos: GE Is "Bankruptcy Waiting To Happen"
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-08-15/markopolos-ge-bankruptcy-waiting-happen
Madoff whistleblower claims General Electric is committing fraud
'bigger than Enron and Worldcom combined
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/madoff-whistleblower-claims-ge-committing-accounting-fraud-131211577.html

Note Congressional Madoff hearings had the person that had tried
unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff
(SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in)

Rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent
future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime,
however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO
didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started publishing analysis
of public company fraudulent financial statements ... even showing
they increased after SOX goes into effect and nobody doing jailtime.

There was joke that SOX was actually huge gift to the audit industry
... because members felt bad that one of the big audit companies went
out of business

Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
Enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
financial reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Hottest July, How Climate Change is Breaking Temperature Records in 2019

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Hottest July, How Climate Change is Breaking Temperature Records in 2019
Date: 15 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Hottest July, How Climate Change is Breaking Temperature Records in 2019
https://time.com/5652972/july-2019-hottest-month/

Climate change or just crazy weather? How improving tools make it
easier to tell. Scientists linked late July's heat wave in Western
Europe to climate change in a matter of days.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/614162/heat-waves-climate-change-extreme-weather-attribution-hurricanes-droughts-climate-model/

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#34 Adding to Planetary Alarm Bells, Top US Finance Official Warns Climate Crisis a Recipe for Global Economic Collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#64 How to fight desertification and reverse climate change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#21 A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#23 A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#50 Recent climate and heat news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How nuclear weapons research revealed new climate threats

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How nuclear weapons research revealed new climate threats
Date: 15 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

How nuclear weapons research revealed new climate threats. Lawrence
Livermore Lab's increasingly powerful climate models have sounded a
stark warning for California.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/609974/how-nuclear-weapons-research-revealed-new-climate-threats/

What the hell is a climate model--and why does it matter?  Better
technology, techniques, and data sharing have allowed scientists to
try novel experiments--or simply run many more of them.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/610225/what-the-hell-is-a-climate-modeland-why-does-it-matter/

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#34 Adding to Planetary Alarm Bells, Top US Finance Official Warns Climate Crisis a Recipe for Global Economic Collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#64 How to fight desertification and reverse climate change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#21 A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#23 A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#50 Recent climate and heat news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#86 The Hottest July, How Climate Change is Breaking Temperature Records in 2019

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CEO compensation has grown 940% since 1978

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: CEO compensation has grown 940% since 1978
Date: 15 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

CEO compensation has grown 940% since 1978; Typical worker
compensation has risen only 12% during that time
https://www.epi.org/publication/ceo-compensation-2018/

How the SEC Enabled the Gross Under-Reporing of CEO Pay
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/09/how-the-sec-enabled-the-gross-under-reporing-of-ceo-pay.html

Think it's scandalous that the average 2014 pay of the CEOs of the 500
biggest companies was 373 times that of the typical worker, as the
AFL-CIO reported? You aren't scandalized enough. Their take home pay,
which is reported in the bowels of SEC filings, as opposed to the
Summary Compensation Table that the AFL-CIO, along with most analysts
and reporters rely on, was a stunning 949 times that of the average
worker in 2014.

... snip ...

Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of
workers, researchers say
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2018/12/17/politicians-have-deliberately-eroded-workers-power-resulting-collapse-pay-bottom-percent-researchers-say/
Destruction of Middle Class
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html
The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization
How GE, GM, Coca-Cola And Kodak Put Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2017/06/29/how-ge-gm-coca-cola-kodak-put-shareholders-ahead-of-employees/
latest update July 2019
http://www.epi.org/productivity-pay-gap/

there have been reports trying to counter by showing increase in
"family" income ... which was actually transition from single wage
earner to two

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

past 400:1 executive-to-worker compensationratio posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#24 To: Graymouse -- Ireland and the EU, What in the H... is all this  about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#71 Cormpany sponsored insurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#25 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#33 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#53 Are family businesses unfair competition?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#17 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#41 Executive pay: time for a trim?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#44 Executive pay: time for a trim?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#3 Congress Set to Approve Pay Cap of $500,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#44 What TARP means for the future of executive pay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#48 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#69 Who was the Greatest IBM President and CEO of the last century?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#28 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#91 The Fractal Organization: Creating sustainable organizations with the Viable System Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#41 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#33 IBM Spent A Million Dollars Renovating And Staffing Its Former CEO's Office
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#50 IBM Furloughs U.S. Hardware Employees to Reduce Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#51 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#15 Why IBM Is Tumbling: BRIC Sales Plunge, Total Revenue Lowest Since 2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#29 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#81 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#61 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#61 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#23 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#14 Paying CEOs fat bonuses for stock performance doesn't work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#13 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#100 Why CEO pay structures harm companies

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Secret Opioid Memo That Could Have Slowed an Epidemic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: A Secret Opioid Memo That Could Have Slowed an Epidemic
Date: 15 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

A Secret Opioid Memo That Could Have Slowed an Epidemic
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/16/the-weekly/opioid-crisis-epidemic.html

A confidential government document containing evidence so critical it
had the potential to change the course of an American tragedy was kept
in the dark for more than a decade. The document, known as a
"prosecution memo," details how government lawyers believed that
Purdue Pharma, the maker of the powerful opioid, OxyContin, knew early
on that the drug was fueling a rise in abuse and addiction. They also
gathered evidence indicating that the company's executives had misled
the public and Congress.

"The Weekly" shines a light on that 2006 Justice Department memo and
its consequences for today's wave of lawsuits against opioid makers
and members of the Sackler family, which owns Purdue Pharma

... snip ...

Drug industry hired dozens of officials from the DEA as the agency
tried to curb opioid abuse
https://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/key-officials-switch-sides-from-dea-to-pharmaceutical-industry/2016/12/22/55d2e938-c07b-11e6-b527-949c5893595e_story.html

a few old opioid posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#70 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#84 "Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#5 The drug industry's triumph over the DEA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#53 Patient Advocates Get Big Funding from Big Pharma

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Forgotten Story of Operation Anvil

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Forgotten Story of Operation Anvil
Date: 17 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Forgotten Story of Operation Anvil. In August 1944, the United
States executed a gigantic assault on southern France. Why does no one
remember it?
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/15/opinion/the-forgotten-story-of-operation-anvil.html

Mulberrys were going to be supply for European invasion, except some
were severely damaged in storm.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mulberry_harbour

Part of the original plan was to take & use Antwerp for major/real
port (with sufficient capacity), but that wasn't happening. However,
Marshall fought hard to continue with Anvil. British were constantly
trying to divert Anvil resources to Balkans and mid-east for their
empire and oil supply. After Anvil took Marseilles in southern France
... that became the major supply port with sufficient capacity.

some past posts mentioning "Anvil"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#84 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#120 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#77 Early use of word "computer", 1944

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why F-5s Beat Out F-16s For The Navy's Latest Commercial Aggressor Contract

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why F-5s Beat Out F-16s For The Navy's Latest Commercial Aggressor Contract
Date: 17 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

Why F-5s Beat Out F-16s For The Navy's Latest Commercial Aggressor
Contract
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/25075/how-f-5s-beat-out-f-16s-for-the-navys-latest-commercial-aggressor-contract

Supposedly Boyd was also advocating the F20 tigershark (updated F5)
for lots of environments (instead of F16). For the same amount of
money you got more F20s than F16s, and they were simpler and required
less maintenance ... so there was something like ten times the F20s
flying time in the air (more F20s and each F20 having better flying
time per maintenance hr). This was also at a time when missiles were
becoming more of factor ... somewhat leveling the playing field
between F20 and F16. There was recognition that US would never accept
F20 and so they focused on targeting export market. It turns out that
the military-industrial complex then lobbied congress that every F20
candidate customer country get "directed appropriation" USAID (could
only be used to buy F16s). The countries were then claimed to say that
while F20 was significantly more appropriate for their needs, the
choice was between spending their own money for F20s or effectively
getting F16s for "free".

Northrop F-20 Tigershark (initially "F-5G")
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northrop_F-20_Tigershark
F-20 -- The Tigershark survivors
http://www.johnweeks.com/f20/index.html
What Might Have Been: F-20 Tigershark
https://www.defensemedianetwork.com/stories/what-might-have-been-f-20-tigershark/

Boyd posts and URLs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts referencing F-20
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#8 scheduling & dynamic adaptive ... long posting warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#14 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#1 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#2 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#45 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#13 News Release
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#3 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#4 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#6 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#7 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#8 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#10 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#25 Latest Principles of Operation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#40 EZPass: Yes, Big Brother IS Watching You!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#30 Signposts on the US Government's Trail of IT Failures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#4 Expanding U.S. Tactical Aviation's "Approved Belief"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#16 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#63 Did anybody ever build a Simon?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#51 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#41 The Heritage Foundation, Then and Now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#72 Sunday Book Review: Mind of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#19 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#45 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#50 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#1 OT:  Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#43 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#78 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#57 Boyd F15, F16, F20
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#11 This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
Date: 18 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#82 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It

strategic bombing of Omaha beach, (invalid) claims that with Norden
sites, strategic bombers could do precision bombing from 5-6miles up,
some conjecture that the switch to fire bombing cities was to show
some benefit from strategic bombing since it was hard to miss a whole
city.
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075
loc2582-85:

The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German
defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At
Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth
Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation
for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden
bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level
altitude sights.

... snip ...

strategic heavy bombing also claimed they wouldn't need long range
fighers ... all the money could go to strategic 4engine heavy bombers,
1/3rd of total US WW2 spending went to strategic bombing program. In a
British "Battle for Britain" talk a couple years, they said that they
told Americans that the Germans learned the lesson about needing long
range fighter escorts, but the Americans insisted on relearning the
lesson the hard way.

loc1763-68:

Although the AAF attacks did create a disruption of the German
economy, it proved to be only temporary. Repair, dispersion, and
purchases from foreign sources quickly replaced the damaged
capacity. The most serious problem resulting from these raids for the
Allies was the cost in trained personnel and aircraft. In the August
17, 1943, attacks on Schweinfurt and Regensburg, unescorted American
bombers lost 60 of the 306 B-17s that reached the targets. An
additional 27 airplanes suffered serious damage.26 A second attack on
Schweinfurt lost a further 60 B-17s out of 291 aircraft. The AAF
unescorted bomber attacks against Luftwaffe production facilities
proved disastrous.27

... snip ...

LeMay & company claiming that strategic bombing could win the war
without needing to invade Europe, but found they did need to invade
Europe and needed more infantry (and not so many pilots and aircrew),

loc4585-88:

For example, the AAF trained more pilots and aircrew members than were
needed for the demands of the war. The War Department staff began to
recognize that they had underestimated the number of combat arms
Soldiers necessary to win the war. In 1944, the AAF transferred about
24,000 air cadets to Army ground forces to be retrained as
infantrymen.7

... snip ...

sort of like the next decade claiming there was bomber gap with
Soviets (justifying 30% DOD budget increase) ... thing to remember
about U2 flts were that they provided Eisenhower with information to
debunk the USAF bomber gap claims.

World War II at Sea: A Global History
https://www.amazon.com/World-War-II-Sea-History-ebook/dp/B07BH2WKQ9/
pg770/loc11094-99:

Over the next three weeks, the B-29s delivered firebomb attacks
against several more Japanese cities, including Nagoya, Osaka, and
Kobe. With the planes coming in low and at night, fighter escorts were
unnecessary because the Japanese did not have effective night
fighters. LeMay even had the machine guns on the B-29s removed so the
planes could carry more incendiaries. That meant that even before Iwo
Jima was secured, the principal justification for attacking the island
in the first place had been overtaken by events. Back in January,
LeMay had told Spruance, "Without Iwo Jima I couldn't bomb Japan
effectively." He very likely believed it when he said it, though it
turned out not to have been true.

... snip ...

There was joke about Macarthur and Halsey in competition to see who
could kill the most Americans in island hopping.

Other trivia, John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding
German economy, industry, and military 20s through the early 40s. From
the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing
program needed industrial and military targets in Germany, they got
the information from wallstreet.
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts mentioning strategic (fire) bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#33 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#34 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#53 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#21 Norden bombsight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#89 The US destroyed Tokyo 73 years ago in the deadliest air raid in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#22 Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#66 off topic  1952  B-52 ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#101 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#70 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#76 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#45 Sand and Steel

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
Date: 19 Aug 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#82 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It

From Guderian's Panzer Leader
https://www.amazon.com/Panzer-Leader-Heinz-Guderian-ebook/dp/B07KTBSD1L/
loc2902-3:

Hitler then said: 'If I had known that the figures for Russian tank
strength which you gave in your book were in fact the true ones, I
would not--I believe--ever have started this war.'

loc2903-6:

He was referring to my book Achtung! Panzer!, published in 1937, in
which I had estimated Russian tank strength at that time as 10,000;
both the Chief of the Army General Staff, Beck, and the censor had
disagreed with this statement. It had cost me a lot of trouble to get
that figure printed; but I had been able to show that intelligence
reports at the time spoke of 17,000 Russian tanks and that my estimate
was therefore, if anything, a very conservative one.

loc2262-64:

At this time our yearly tank production scarcely amounted to more than
1,000 of all types. In view of our enemies' production figures this
was very small. As far back as 1933 I had visited a single Russian
tank factory which was producing 22 tanks per day of the
Christie-Russki type.

... snip ...

Tanks in the German Army
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanks_in_the_German_Army

First encountered on 23 June 1941,[24] the T-34 outclassed the
existing Panzer III and IV.[25] At the insistence of General Heinz
Guderian, a special Panzerkommision was dispatched to the Eastern
Front to assess the T-34.[26] Among the features of the Soviet tank
considered most significant were the sloping armor, which gave much
improved shot deflection and also increased the effective armor
thickness against penetration, the wide track, which improved mobility
over soft ground, and the 76.2 mm gun, which had good armor
penetration and fired an effective high-explosive round.

... snip ...

The british referred to Shermans as Tommy Cookers because crews were
being sent out out to be slaughtered; Boyd's briefings had German's
with 10:1 kill ratio (10 Shermans killed for every German tank, even
inferior to the Russians), US was planning on winning with battle of
attrition; Germans would run out of tanks and crew before the US (even
at 10:1)
http://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/m4-sherman-vs-german-panther/

The Sherman was at a disadvantage. Although it mounted 75mm cannon, it
was of a low-velocity type. The Sherman's designers felt that a
low-velocity gun would last longer than a high-velocity one. They
failed to realize that few Shermans would ever last long enough in
combat to wear out their barrels. Later versions would have an
upgraded high-velocity gun, but they would not reach front-line units
until late November 1944, five months after the Normandy invasion. The
armor, at 81mm, was considerably thinner than the Panther's and unable
to withstand its armor-piercing ammunition.

... snip ...

Sand and Steel
https://www.amazon.com/Sand-Steel-Invasion-Liberation-France-ebook/dp/B07PPVG8HG/
pg47/loc1600-1604:

The stature of the Nazi war machine, forged in North Africa, Italy and
on the Eastern Front, was still feared in 1944, though demonstrably
hollowed out. It also helped Berlin that the Western Allies,
particularly the 21st Army Group, were also excessively cautious,
which played to the German inclination – despite their convoluted
command – of tactical speed of reaction. Finally, it also suited many
Allied commanders after the war to talk up the prowess of their
opponents, making the achievement of subduing them all the greater.

... snip ...

D-day was somewhat side-show for Germans ... majority of German
military resources were in the east dealing with 500 Soviet
divisions. The total of all US WW2 forces:
https://www.armydivs.com
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_divisions_during_World_War_II
The 90-division gamble
https://history.army.mil/books/70-7_15.htm

Germany was so depleted by D-day that they were using horses for
transport, pg38/loc1415-18:

It still comes as a surprise to many that the German Army in Normandy
was predominantly horse-drawn. When Second Lieutenant Bob Sheehan of
the US 60th Chemical Company (an outfit responsible for smoke weapons)
breasted a rise over the dunes of Omaha on 7 June, he saw ‘a
mind-shattering sight that convinced me the war was as good as won. It
was a dead horse. The poor animal was still attached to the wagon it
had been pulling.

pg39/loc1421-24:

We have already noted that 115,000 of them were assigned to OB West,
with exactly 33,739 on the books of the Seventh Army on 1 March 1944,
and another ten thousand arriving by 1 June. 60 These numbers came as
a shock to Rommel, who, of course, had commanded the 7th Panzer
Division in 1940 and the Afrika Korps in 1941–3, neither of which used
horses.

... snip ...

Apparently Roosevelt didn't believe that US could defeat Japan without
Soviets and had agreement with Stalin where Soviet would come in
against Japan after the Germans had been defeated. Other reference
"The Cover-Up at Omaha Beach"
https://www.amazon.com/Cover-Up-Omaha-Beach-Rangers-Battery-ebook/dp/B00J75ISNU/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

past posts mentioning 10:1 kill ratio
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#85 V-Man's Patton Quote (LONG) (Pronafity)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#14 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#17 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#43 Boyd's Briefings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#62 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#63 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970





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