List of Archived Posts

2021 Newsgroup Postings (04/23 - 05/21)

Patients With Long Covid Face Lingering Worrisome Health Risks, Study Finds
Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them
Humans solve problems by adding complexity, even when it's against our best interests
IBM Internal Network
IBM Internal Network
The Plane Paradox: More Automation Should Mean More Training
The Whistleblower Trying to Stop the Next Financial Crisis
IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
Online Computer Conferencing
IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell
George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell
Short on time? Try organizing your tasks around 'long tail' thinking
IBM Internal Network
IBM Internal Network
IBM Internal Network
IBM Internal Network
Biden Seeks $80 Billion to Beef Up I.R.S. Audits of High-Earners
Did They Miss Yet Another F-35 Cost Overrun?
Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
Beer, Brussels Sprouts, Bernie Madoff and Today's G.O.P
Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them
IBM Internal Network
rather far from Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
Private Equity and Hedge Fund Barons Having a Hissy Over Carried Interest Grift Because Biden Isn't Staying Bought
Learning EBCDIC
IBM Cottle Plant Site
US tax plan proposes massive overhaul to audit high earners and corporations for tax evasion
Departure Email
The Dragon's War: Allied Operations and the Fate of China, 1937-1947
Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
The Dragon's War: Allied Operations and the Fate of China, 1937-1947
US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
Drums
Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
The Whistleblower Trying to Stop the Next Financial Crisis
The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
SitRep: Is the F-35 officially a failure? Cost overruns, other issues prompt Air Force to look for "clean sheet" fighter
Recode 1401 MPIO for 360/30
'Our Lives Don't Matter.' India's Female Community Health Workers Say the Government Is Failing to Protect Them From COVID-19
Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
How America Became the Money Laundering Capital of the World
The Bush Team's Desperate Hunt for an Iraq Link to 9/11
Learning PDP-11 in 2021
SHARE (& GUIDE)
Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
How climate change skepticism held a government captive
Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
Performance Monitoring, Analysis, Simulation, etc
IBM / How To Stuff A Wild Duck
IBM / How To Stuff A Wild Duck
Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
SHARE (& GUIDE)
Amdahl
Amdahl
Amdahl
13 Facts About American Prisons That Will Blow Your Mind
Just 12 People Are Behind Most Vaccine Hoaxes On Social Media, Research Shows
Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)
Politically polarized brains share an intolerance of uncertainty
'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'
WEB Security
WEB Security
WEB Security
How climate change skepticism held a government captive
In Washington State, the Left Won a Major Victory for Taxing the Rich
Early IBM Business Trips
Amdahl
How capitalism is reshaping cities
Amdahl
Amdahl
Inside the Military's Secret Undercover Army
How capitalism is reshaping cities
How capitalism is reshaping cities
Congress demands records from Boeing to investigate lapses in production quality
The Bunker: More Rot in the Ranks
How climate change skepticism held a government captive
'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'
This is Ford's first electric pickup truck, the F-150 Lightning
Anti-virus
Treasury calls for doubling IRS staff to target tax evasion, crypto transfers
Drug Industry Money Quietly Backs Media Voices Against Sharing Vaccine Patents
Larry Summers, the Man Who Won't Shut Up, No Matter How Wrong He's Been
The Full Story of the Stunning RSA Hack Can Finally Be Told
How capitalism is reshaping cities
Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)

Patients With Long Covid Face Lingering Worrisome Health Risks, Study Finds

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Patients With Long Covid Face Lingering Worrisome Health Risks, Study Finds
Date: 23 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Patients With Long Covid Face Lingering Worrisome Health Risks, Study Finds. Patients who were not sick enough to be hospitalized still had a significantly greater risk of dying within six months than people who were not infected.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/22/health/covid-patients-health-risks-long-term.html
The Covid survivors experienced a vast array of long-term medical problems that they had never had before -- not just lung issues from the respiratory effects of the virus, but symptoms that could affect virtually any organ system or part of the body, from neurological to cardiovascular to gastrointestinal. They were also at greater risk of mental health problems, including anxiety and sleep disorders
... snip ...

posts referencing Covid
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#28 We must stop calling Trump's enablers 'conservative.' They are the radical right
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#86 IBM Auditors and Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#35 HONE story/history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#52 Luxembourg Investigations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#82 What The Media Isn't Telling You About Texas Blackouts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#44 More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them
Date: 24 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them. As Joe Biden and state lawmakers target millionaires and billionaires, wealth advisers are trying to help their clients adapt to the new rules
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-04-24/rich-americans-hunt-for-ways-around-tax-hikes-they-were-warned-about

note, spring 2009, IRS announced that it was going after $400B in taxes on money illegally stashed overseas by 52,000 wealthy americans (over and above the new tax loopholes that allowed trillions to be legally stashed overseas) since the start of the century ... then little or nothing in the news.

then spring 2011 the new speaker of the house has press conference where he says he is cutting the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering the $400B. Since then there has been periodic news about the banks and financial advisers have been fined a few billion for their part in facilitating illegally stashing trillions overseas (again, over and above the trillions that congressional tax loopholes allowed to be stashed overseas "legally") ... but almost nothing about recovering the $400B in taxes owed on the money illegally stashed overseas.

also spring 2011, the (same) new speaker of the house on local DC radio interview commented that he was placing the new "tea party" party darlings on the tax and revenue committee because those committee members get the most "contributions" from special interests (one of the reasons that congress is called the most corrupt institution on earth).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boehner
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2021/04/john-boehner-memoir-review.html

... and 2002 congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

posts mentioning tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax loopholes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentioning Comptroller General
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
posts mentioning Too Big To Fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning the fed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts specifically mentioning the 52,000 wealthy americans owing $400B in taxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#37 No Jail In UBS Tax Evasion Case
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#29 Mitt Romney avoids U.S tax by using Offshore bank accounts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#27 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#30 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#39 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#37 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#20 X86 server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#27 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#36 Bank Whistleblower Claims Retaliation And Wrongful Termination
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#27 Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#86 What Makes a thread about the European debt crisis Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#6 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#11 Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#13 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#69 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#26 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#27 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#32 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#38 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#64 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#73 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#68 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#98 Credit Suisse 'cloak-and-dagger' tactics cost US taxpayers billions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#58 Credit Suisse, BNP Paribas at Risk of Criminal Charges Over Taxes, Business With Banned Nations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#100 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#75 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#99 US Debt In Public Hands Doubles Under Barack Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#3 About This Project: Swiss Leaks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#75 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#97 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#12 Thanks Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#34 Here's Why (And How) The Government Will "Borrow" Your Retirement Savings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#64 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#108 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#17 Globalization Worker Negotiation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#17 UBS whistleblower exposes 'political prostitution' all the way up to President Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#19 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#41 Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#98 I.R.S. Enlists Debt Collectors to Recover Overdue Taxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#6 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#21 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#14 On The Deficit, GOP Has Been Playing Us All For Suckers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#39 IRS spent $380m but took 'limited or no action' on offshore tax dodges
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#31 UK Recovers $42 Billion By Stopping Tax Evasion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#152 US lost more tax revenue than any other developed country in 2018 due to Trump tax cuts

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Humans solve problems by adding complexity, even when it's against our best interests

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Humans solve problems by adding complexity, even when it's against our best interests
Date: 24 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#81 Humans solve problems by adding complexity, even when it's against our best interests

... KISS! ... periodically comment that complexity and snake oil may go together,

Adding is favoured over subtracting in problem solving. A series of problem-solving experiments reveal that people are more likely to consider solutions that add features than solutions that remove them, even when removing features is more efficient.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-00592-0
that less is often more/ When solving problems, people prefer adding Why people forget things to getting rid of them
https://www.economist.com/science-and-technology/2021/04/14/why-people-forget-that-less-is-often-more

I was member of financial industry standards committee in the 90s and dealing with lots of security issues and cryptography. Security vendors were berating me for simplifying things (old standards email about being "parsimonious"). I would be periodically claiming that they were constantly adding unnecessary complexity ... confusing clients with snake oil claims.

I would also ascribe it to my early days at IBM involved in adding new mainframe instructions and constantly being told that had to be able to accomplish the maximum number and types of operations in the fewest number of circuits.

Also the growing body of experience from emerging experience with electronic commerce was increasing number of people mistakes (resulting security exploits) dealing with operations that were unnecessarily complex (people mistakes were increasing non-linearly with increases in complexity).

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal Network

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Internal Network
Date: 24 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Late 70s and early 80s at SJR, I had been blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network. Folklore is when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. Really escalated when I distributed trip report about visit to Jim Gray and Tandem, from IBMJargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary. ... later versions removed the datamation reference.
... snip ...

Jim had left SJR in fall 1980, trying to foist some amount of stuff on me. At SIGOPS (Asilomar, 14-16Dec81), Jim Gray asked me if I could help co-worker at Tandem get his Stanford PHD (advisor was later president of Stanford) which involved global LRU (page replacement), and he knew I had down a lot of work on global LRU and had apple-to-apple comparison between local and global LRU (as undergraduate in the 60s). Some of the "local LRU" forces were heavily lobbying Stanford to block awarding PHD involving global LRU.

When I went to send information ... SJR management said that I wasn't allowed to (even tho none of the information involved anything after joining IBM). I've commented that I hoped that it was done as punishment for online computer conferencing ... rather than they taking part in the global/local LRU academic dispute. I wasn't allowed to send reply for nearly a year.

Also, one of the outcomes of "Tandem Memos" was a researcher was hired to study how I communicated ... sat in the back of my office for nine months taking notes on face-to-face and telephone conversations, also got copies of all my incoming and outgoing email and logs of all instant messages. Result was a number of (IBM) research reports, conference presentations, papers, books, and Stanford PHD (joint between language and computer AI, Winograd was advisor on AI side).

online computer conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
page replacement algorithms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock
internal network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

some tandem memo posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#28 50 years online at home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#2 How an obscure British PC maker invented ARM and changed the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#3 How an obscure British PC maker invented ARM and changed the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#31 Tandem Memo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#45 Boyd, OODA-loop and Agile Business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#83 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#33 HONE story/history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#76 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#88 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#93 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#17 IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#39 WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#41 Teaching IBM Class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#42 IBM Suggestion Program
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#97 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#9 IBM 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#14 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#19 IBM's innovation: Topping the US patent list for 28 years running
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#37 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#44 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal Network

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Internal Network
Date: 24 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#3 IBM Internal Network

vnet trivia: co-worker at science center and later san jose research was responsible for the internal network (VNET, *NOT* SNA, larger than arpanet/internet from just about beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) and technology also used for the corporate sponsored university BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_Research_Network

SJR had the original CSNET gateway in the fall of 1982, before the cutover to internetworking protocol on 1jan1983 ... at the time there was approx. 100 IMP nodes and 255 connected host when the internal nework was rapidly approaching 1000. Old post with internal corporate (world-wide) locations that added one or nodes during 1983:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8
one of the biggest problems with internal network was corporate required all links encrypted ... lots of issues with certain (US & non-US) gov. agencies, especially when they (encrypted links) crossed national boundaries.

SJMerc article about Edson (he recently passed aug2020) and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
also Edson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
"It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

I had HSDT project starting in the early 80s, T1(1.5mbits/sec) and faster computer links, both terrestrial and satellite. Was also working with the director of NSF and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies copying the CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary release:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

Then NSF release request for upgrade from "T1" to "T3" ... the "T1" RFP had called for real T1 links ... but was actually 440kbit links and then to fabricate that they had T1 links, they put in T1 trunks and telco multiplexor that ran multiple 440kbit links over T1 trunk. I would periodically ridicule their fabricated T1 links ... possibly figuring that to shut my ridicule down I was asked to be the "red team" for the T3 proposal ... and a couple dozen people from half dozen labs around the world was the blue team. At the final review, I presented first. Then five minutes into the blue team presentation, the executive in charge pounded on the table and said he would lay down in front of garbage truck before he let anything but the blue team proposal go forward. I get up and walk out.

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Plane Paradox: More Automation Should Mean More Training

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Plane Paradox: More Automation Should Mean More Training
Date: 24 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Plane Paradox: More Automation Should Mean More Training. Today's highly automated planes create surprises pilots aren't familiar with. The humans in the cockpit need to be better prepared for the machine's quirks.
https://www.wired.com/story/opinion-the-plane-paradox-more-automation-should-mean-more-training/
Paradoxically, Sullenberger correctly noted in a recent interview with us, "it requires much more training and experience, not less, to fly highly automated planes." Pilots must have a mental model of both the aircraft and its primary systems, as well as how the flight automation works.
... snip ...

some past autopilot posts (some cases do much better, but pilots lack/loose skills w/o practice)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#54 Was FORTRAN buggy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#45 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#50 Itanium at ISSCC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#0 Mainframe technology in 2011 and beyond; who is going to run these Mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#52 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#19 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#91 Difference between fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#86 A Little More on the Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#8 Super Cane's Computers run Windows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#69 Digital Planes

As AI takes over more & more ... fighters will increasingly become autonomous vehicles with missiles. Already F16 are flown by computer. It had relaxed stability airframe that a pilot doesn't have reaction time to control directly. The stick provided the pilots intention and the computer figured out what needed to be done. How the F-16 Became the World's First Fly-By-Wire Combat Aircraft
http://www.f-16.net/articles_article13.html
relaxed stability
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relaxed_stability
which required computer controlled fly-by-wire (pilot provides intention, and computers decide how to do it).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly-by-wire

Boyd posts & URLS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Whistleblower Trying to Stop the Next Financial Crisis

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Whistleblower Trying to Stop the Next Financial Crisis
Date: 24 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Whistleblower Trying to Stop the Next Financial Crisis. One insider says that big banks have been quietly engaging in the same behavior that precipitated the crisis of 2008.
https://theintercept.com/2021/04/23/deconstructed-whistleblower-financial-crisis/

... note in Jan1999 I was asked to help try and stop the economic mess (we failed). I was told that some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L Crisis ... were then running Internet IPO Mills (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a few billion, needed to fail to leave the field open for the next round of IPOs, and were predicted next to get into securitized loans&mortgages ... 2001-2008 sold more than $27T into the bond market).

a decade later, Jan2009 I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into the '29 crash, resulted in jail time and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have an appetite to do something about it). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (comments about enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill, possibly only 2 or 3 honest members of congress).

whistleblower posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Pecora &/or Glass-Steagall posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM100 - Rise of the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
Date: 24 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
older IBM100 refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#65 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#66 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#6 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#52 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
and some newer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#12 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#13 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#14 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#15 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#16 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#18 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#20 The Rise of the Internet

I had a PC/RT in (non-IBM) booth at Interop '88 (Santa Clara convention center), corner of the center of main show floor at right angles to SUN booth. Case was in the SUN booth demo'ing SNMP and during setup on the weekend, con him into coming over and getting SNMP up and running on PC/RT. And old email from somebody at Interop 88 and IBM getting Class A 9 address:


Date: 16 December 1988, 16:40:09 PST

From: somebody
Subject: Class A Network number

As a welcomed gift from the Internet, my request for a Class A network number for IBM has been approved. Initially we decided to go with multiple class B numbers because it would allow us to have multiple connections to the Internet. However, as time passed, and IP envy increased, I found it necessary to re-evaluate our requirements for a Class A number. My main concern was still the issue of connectivity to the rest of the Internet and the technical constraints that a Class A address would present. At Interop 88 I discussed my concerns with Jon Postel and Len Bosak. Len indicated that although a Class A number would still restrict us to 1 entry point for all of IBM from the Internet, it would not preclude multiple exit points for packets. At that point it seemed as if Class A would be ok and I approached Jon Postel and the network number guru at SRI to see if my request would be reconsidered. It turns out that the decision to deny us in the past was due to the numbers I projected for the number of hosts on our IBM Internet in 5 years. Based on that number, they couldn't justify giving us a full Class A. Can't blame them. So after Interop, I sent in a new request and increased our projected needs above a threshold which would warrant a Class A. Although I doubt we will ever use the full address space in 20 years let alone 5, I did what was necessary to get the number. However, the application went in quite some time ago and I still hadn't received a response. Yesterday I found out that it was because I had put down an incorrect U.S. Mail address for our sponsor!!! These people are tough. Anyway, after Postel informed me about my error, I corrected it and sent in the updated application again. The result was the issuance today of a Class A network number for IBM. Being an old Beatles fan, I asked for Number 9. Cute huh? Whatever. Anyway, that's what we got. Consider it a Christmas present from the Internet.

As many of you know, I will be leaving IBM at the end of this year. Obtaining this number was the last thing I wanted to do for IBM and the IBM Internet project. The hard part lies ahead. We still have 10 class B numbers. A lot of engineering of the network remains to be done. I will leave that up to you folks. xxxxx will be assuming responsibility for the project after I leave. I wish you all the best. It's been fun working with you on this!! My only regret is that I didn't have more time for it.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

after we left IBM, Postel would let me help with the periodically released STD1 ... also he would sponsor my talk about "Internet is not business critical dataprocessing" (based on what I had to do at Netscape for "electronic commerce").

SJMerc article about Edson (co-worker at Cambridge Science Center and San Jose Research, he recently passed aug2020) and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
also Edson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
"It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

interop '88 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop
HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

... anyway news item from today about Internet IP addresses

Minutes before Trump left office, millions of the Pentagon's dormant IP addresses sprang to life. After decades of not using a huge chunk of the Internet, the Pentagon has given control of millions of computer addresses to a previously unknown company in an effort to identify possible cyber vulnerabilities and threats.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2021/04/24/pentagon-internet-address-mystery/
The company, Global Resource Systems LLC, kept adding to its zone of control. Soon it had claimed 56 million IP addresses owned by the Pentagon. Three months later, the total was nearly 175 million. That's almost 6 percent of a coveted traditional section of Internet real estate -- called IPv4 -- where such large chunks are worth billions of dollars on the open market.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online Computer Conferencing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Online Computer Conferencing
Date: 25 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Online computer conferencing ... lots of (IBM Retirees) content is similar to content in "tandem memos". I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s). It really took off spring '81 after I distributed trip report of visit to Jim Gray at Tandem (he left SJR fall of 1980, foisting off some number of things on me). From IBMJargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

... at its peak, claims were that something like 25,000 IBMers were reading it. One of the results was a researcher was paid to study how I communicated. They sat in the back of my office taking notes on face-to-face & telephone conversations, got copies of all my incoming and outgoing email and logs of all my instant messaging. Results were (IBM) research reports, conference talks, papers, books and Stanford PHD (joint with Language and Computer AI, Winograd was advisor on AI side).

CMC posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

trivia: after joining IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters, including the world-wide online sales&marketing HONE systems. The US HONE datacenters were consolidated in the mid-70s in silicon valley. When facebook initially moves into silicon valley, it is into a new bldg built next door to the old HONE datacenter.

HONE (&/or APL) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

when I transfer to San Jose Research, I get to wander around most IBM and customer locations in silicon valley ... and regularly attend some number of events, including monthly user group meetings at SLAC and invited to the annual invitation only "Hacker's Conference". One of the regular visits was TYMSHARE (commercial online service bureau). In Aug1976, they started offering their CMS-based online computer conferencing service "free" to the IBM user group SHARE as VMSHARE. I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get a monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE files for putting up on the internal network and systems (including HONE). The biggest problem I had was with IBM lawyers who were concerned that internal employees would be contaminated by customer information (and/or what management was telling internal employees about customers wasn't necessarily true). VMSHARE archives
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
old VMSHARE email:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

other triva: on one visit to TYMSHARE they demo'ed the ADVENTUR game they had gotten off Stanford PDP10 system and ported to CMS. I was able to get a copy of both the executable and full FORTRAN source, making it available on internal IBM systems. TYMSHARE had story that when their executives found out that users were playing games on their system and the kneejerk reaction that isn't appropriate for business system and all games needed to be removed. They changed their mind when they were told that game use had grown and then accounted for 1/3rd of their revenue.

old posts mentioning adventure game:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#169 Crowther (pre-Woods) "Colossal Cave"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#33 Adventure Games (Was: Navy orders supercomputer)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#44 Call for folklore - was Re: So it's cyclical.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#12 Mainframers: Take back the light (spotlight, that is)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#43 Hardest Mistake in Comp Arch to Fix
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#46 Any DEC 340 Display System Doco ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#69 IBM system 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#40 The real history of computer architecture: the short form
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#34 Playing games in mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#49 Adventure game (was:PL/? History (was Hercules))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#57 Adventure game (was:PL/? History (was Hercules))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#0 Adventure game (was:PL/? History (was Hercules))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#1 Adventure game (was:PL/? History (was Hercules))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#2 Adventure game (was:PL/? History (was Hercules))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#4 Adventure game (was:PL/? History (was Hercules))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#38 Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#56 Xah Lee's Unixism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#20 Whatever happened to IBM's VM PC software?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#45 History of performance counters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#38 Systems Programming for 8 Year-olds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#18 Question about Dungeon game on the PDP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#16 Newsgroups (Was Another OS/390 to z/OS 1.4 migration
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#15 Fast action games on System/360+?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#25 Fast action games on System/360+?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#28 Fast action games on System/360+?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#3 Not Your Dad's Mainframe: Little Iron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#18 The History of Computer Role-Playing Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#19 The History of Computer Role-Playing Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#0 10 worst PCs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#17 Newbie question on table design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#39 Newbie question on table design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#4 Zork and Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#6 Zork and Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#8 Original Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#11 Original Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#15 "Atuan" - Colossal Cave in APL?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#2 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#61 Primaries (USA)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#47 Seeking (former) Adventurers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#11 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#3 New machine code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#12 New machine code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#13 New machine code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#14 New machine code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#16 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#64 spool file tag data
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#57 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#64 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#65 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#67 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#68 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#74 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#75 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#77 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#82 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#84 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#4 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#9 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#33 SHAREWARE at Its Finest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#82 history of RPG and other languages, was search engine history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#83 3270 Emulator Software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#88 Baby Boomer Execs: Are you afraid of LinkedIn & Social Media?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#13 Mainframe Slang terms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#70 VMSHARE Archives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#30 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#31 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#32 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#33 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#34 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#35 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#38 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#40 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#41 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#44 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#73 Wylbur, Orvyl, Milton, CRBE/CRJE were all used (and sometimes liked) in the past
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#75 Wylbur, Orvyl, Milton, CRBE/CRJE were all used (and sometimes liked) in the past
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#9 Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#58 Altair Star Trek in assembly?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#6 Some fun with IBM acronyms and jargon (was Re: Auditors Don't Know Squat!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#68 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#77 Spacewar! on S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#13 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#77 PDP-8 advertising
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#103 August 12, 1981, IBM Introduces Personal Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#66 Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#96 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#1 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#5 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#67 Explore the groundbreaking Colossal Cave Adventure, 41 years on
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#11 The original Adventure / Adventureland game?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#14 The original Adventure / Adventureland game?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#26 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#9 Who Plotted This Map for Adventure Game
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#15 Frank Heart Dies at 89
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#111 Online Timsharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#85 IBM Auditors and Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#84 1977: Zork

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM100 - Rise of the Internet

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
Date: 25 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#7 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet

The big Pentagon internet mystery now partially solved
https://techxplore.com/news/2021-04-big-pentagon-internet-mystery-partially.html
After weeks of wonder by the networking community, the Pentagon has now provided a very terse explanation for what it's doing. But it has not answered many basic questions, beginning with why it chose to entrust management of the address space to a company that seems not to have existed until September.

The military hopes to "assess, evaluate and prevent unauthorized use of DoD IP address space," said a statement issued Friday by Brett Goldstein, chief of the Pentagon's Defense Digital Service, which is running the project. It also hopes to "identify potential vulnerabilities" as part of efforts to defend against cyber-intrusions by global adversaries, who are consistently infiltrating U.S. networks, sometimes operating from unused internet address blocks.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell
Date: 25 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell. The chilling spectacle of watching the political class redeem a criminal, again.
https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2021/04/george-w-bush-cant-paint-his-way-out-of-hell.html

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with H.W. Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Then in the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War
including WMDs (note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war

also, H.W. repeatedly claimed no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and an economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the Iraq2 invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of arms from US companies, aka additional congressional gifts to military-industrial complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

Team B posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
S&L crisis posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell
Date: 26 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#10 George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell

Rove (& Gingrich) master of political manipulation, information spinning (& dirty tricks?)
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg371/loc7664-65:
Few people realize that Rove, perhaps the most important figure in W.'s political rise, got his start as a handpicked apprentice to Poppy Bush.

pg374/loc7717-19:
Rove's growing repertoire of tricks was tradecraft of the type that Poppy Bush's CIA associates would have admired. It was what they themselves routinely did around the world, ostensibly in the service of the nation. And Rove was hardly alone: former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, whose Republican revolution of 1994 bedeviled Bill Clinton's presidency, quietly brought a military psy-ops specialist onto his staff.

pg374/loc7733-35:
So dedicated was Rove to George W. Bush that not only would he labor assiduously to muddy W.'s opponents, from Ann Richards to Al Gore to John Kerry; often he took it upon himself to clean George W. Bush up--sometimes literally.

pg390/loc8037-39:
GEORGE W. BUSH AND HIS HANDLERS knew that his behavior before becoming governor--his partying, his womanizing, and in particular his military service problems--posed a serious threat to his presidential ambitions. Their solution was to wipe the slate clean--through a religious transformation
... snip ...

aka claiming "born again"

past posts mentioning (Bush) Family Secrets:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#38 Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#70 Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#85 Just and Unjust Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#105 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#113 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#124 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#135 Permanent Record
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#143 "Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Short on time? Try organizing your tasks around 'long tail' thinking

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Short on time? Try organizing your tasks around 'long tail' thinking
Date: 26 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Short on time? Try organizing your tasks around 'long tail' thinking. Many people opt to address issues that take only a slight effort, rather than taking their time to resolve problems that will recur in the future.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90628973/short-on-time-try-organizing-your-tasks-around-long-tail-thinking

... downside is if you are over zealous in preventing problems, the organization will come to believe your tasks aren't very difficult because of the lack of constantly occurring problems.

... we even use to joke about some organizations that had constantly occurring problems ... since their executives would gain increasingly larger organizations because of the belief that their problems were more difficult (rather than the members short sighted).

... another symptom was the rapidly spreading success of failure culture in gov. outsourcing after the turn of the century ... with the industry getting increasing amounts of money after each failure
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

... large private-equity companies buying up gov. contractors and beltway bandits (including company that will employ Snowden) and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource lots of the gov to their companies.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

... there are laws against using funds from gov. contracts to lobby congress ... but money appears to be laundered when pushed up to private-equity corporate owners. just intelligence, 70% of funds and half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

success of failure posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failuree
private-equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal Network

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Internal Network
Date: 26 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#3 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#4 IBM Internal Network

... topic drift trivia

.... one of the offspring worked for air cargo forwarding company while undergraduate at UT ... had to use Sabre to book cargo. Sabre took the system down sunday nights for maintenance (lots of stuff was done on MVS ... and then sunday night update the TPF disks). Frequently wasn't back up Monday morning. I would also periodically run into the problem on business trips to far east and Sabre down Monday morning (in the far east, during the maint. window).

... after leaving IBM ... had a project with Joe Fox's company that had (re-)implemented air traffic control system (from scratch) and was marketing it to 3rd world countries ... spent quite a bit of time with Joe (and some other former IBMers).
https://www.amazon.com/Brawl-IBM-1964-Joseph-Fox/dp/1456525514/
Two mid air collisions 1956 and 1960 make this FAA procurement special. The computer selected will be in the critical loop of making sure that there are no more mid-air collisions. Many in IBM want to not bid. A marketing manager with but 7 years in IBM and less than one year as a manager is the proposal manager. IBM is in midstep in coming up with the new line of computers - the 360. Chaos sucks into the fray many executives- especially the next chairman, and also the IBM president. A fire house in Poughkeepsie N Y is home to the technical and marketing team for 60 very cold and long days. Finance and legal get into the fray after that.

Joe Fox had a 44 year career in the computer business- and was a vice president in charge of 5000 people for 7 years in the federal division of IBM. He then spent 21 years as founder and chairman of a software corporation. He started the 3 person company in the Washington D. C. area. He took it public as Template Software in 1995, and sold it and retired in 1999. With 34 years of management, his enumeration and depiction of the talents and traits that are to be recognized and rewarded at all levels of management merit perusal - and even study. He is also the author of Software and its Development published by Prentice Hall in 1982, and two paperbacks, What If in 1979 and Trapped in the Organization in 1980, both published by Price Stern Sloan. His software book was translated into Russian, and his Executive Qualities was translated into Spanish. Joe Fox grew up in Brooklyn N.Y., graduated from St. John's University in Queens, N.Y. with a degree in Mathematics, and joined IBM in 1956. Twenty years later, still in IBM, he had his book Executive Qualities published by Addison Wesley in 1976. IBM, not mentioned nor identified in the book, did not see it before publication. IBM was not identified as the venue for the management ideas and concepts. After 9 printings, the publisher discontinued the book, but it still sells in book form on the Amazon used book service. Mr. Fox frequently presented the traits, talents, trials and tribulations detailed in his Executive Qualities book several times at IBM's Sands Point executive month-long training, and at CIA management meetings in Langley, Virginia. Mr. Fox chaired several committees for DOD during his career.

... snip ...

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal Network

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Internal Network
Date: 26 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#3 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#4 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#13 IBM Internal Network

I had HSDT starting in early 80s, T1 & faster links, both satellite & terrestrial. Had a T1 satellite link over SBS 48mbit C-band satellite between San Jose and Kingston ... connectection between San Jose SJR/bldg28 and Clementi's E&S lab in Kingston. He had a boat load of Floating Point Systems boxes and then eventually got a 3090 in the mid-80s. HSDT then got its own 3node satellite 24mbit Ku-band, 4.5M dishes at Los Gatos/bldg29 and Yorktown and a 7M dish next to bldg45 in Austin. Had T1 over fiber-optic from Almaden to 45mbit collins digital radio on top of bldg12 to repeater above Los Gatos lab. and then connected to the HSDT satellite network to both Yorktown and Austin.

Austin was using T1 link to the Los Gatos LSM logic simulator for RIOS chip (RS/6000) design ... then disk engineering moved out of bldg14 (during bldg14 seismic retrofit) to off-site bldg86 (south of plant site) and they also got an EVE (faster logic simulator). For Austion RIOS to use the bldg86 EVE logic simulator added T1 from bldg29 over T3 to roof of bldg12 and then to roof of bldg86.

... trivia ... there was claim that HSDT network and the use of the logic simulators helped bring the RIOS chip designs in a year early.

One of VNET big problems was MVS/JES2 NJI ... which was carry over from customer HASP implementation ("TUCC" in cols. 68-71) that used spare entries in HASP psuedo device 255-entry table (rarely more than 180 available entries at a time that internal VNET was over 700 and on its way to 1000). NJI discarded traffic where neither the origin nor the destination traffic was from/to a node in its table ... as a result MVS/JES2 NJI had to be restricted to edge nodes behind VM/370 VNET running special NJI driver simulation.

The other problem was the HASP implementation had intermixed NJI fields in job control headers ... and traffic originating from a MVS/JES2 system had habit of crashing destination MVS systems at different MVS/JES2 release levels. As a result there was a large amount of code added to the VM/370 VNET NJI driver that could transform fields from originating nodes (at different levels) to the format required for the directly connected MVS/JES2 release level.

However there is the infamous case of San Jose MVS/JES2 (bldg26?) repeatedly crashing MVS/JES2 in Hursley. Hursley blamed it on the Hursley VM/370 VNET people for not upgrading their VNET NJI driver to keep Hursley MVS/JES2 from crashing (even tho they weren't aware of the San Jose MVS/JES2 NJI format changes).

Then communication group got around to restricted VM/370 VNET to only NJI drivers (even between VM370 systems and the VNET native drivers had higher throughput than NJI protocol). HSDT was constantly fighting with communication group because their product line only went up to 56kbit/sec links

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
HASP, JES2, NJI, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

some past Clementi lab references:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#14 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#63 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#35 curly brace languages source code style quides
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#95 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#50 System/360--detailed engineering description (AFIPS 1964)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#92 mainframe fortran, or A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#47 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#71 PDP 11/40 system manual
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#109 IBM Token-Ring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#110 IBM Token-RIng
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#32 Cluster Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#48 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#62 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#63 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#1 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#53 IBM CEO

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal Network

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Internal Network
Date: 27 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#3 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#4 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#13 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#14 IBM Internal Network

I suspected somebody in ibm hdqtrs help spin the article since it started out "gripenet"

part of closing in article:
http://www.bitsavers.org/magazines/Datamation/198111.pdf
There is a rumor that Wheeler may leave IBM and join his former colleagues on the outside as a consultant. "Right now he's pure gold whatever way you slice him up," says one source. "IBM needs him and the outside companies would probably pay anything to get him. " However you look at this tug of war, it can only be good news for IBM'S VM users.
... snip ...

But not in IBM. I've posted before about ridiculing Future System during 1st half the 70s (which wasn't exactly career enhancing, promotions, or raises), refusing to participate in what I believed was cover up for branch manager that did something that horribly offending a large, major mainframe customer (even when told that if I didn't I could forget career, raises or promotions because the branch manager was good sailing buddy of IBM CEO),
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#66 IBM CEO Story
and then writing opendoor/speakup about being significantly underpaid (during the "Tandem Memo" period) ... from recent "bizarre" post/thread:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#86 Bizarre Career Events

Some years later at San Jose Research, I submitted speak-up that I was being significantly underpaid with supporting documents. I get back (written) response from head of HR that after detailed review of my complete employment history, I'm being paid just what I was suppose to be. I then write a response (with copies of my original and HR's response) and point out that I'm being asked to interview recent graduates for a new group that would be working under my technical direction and they were getting offers 30% more than I was currently making. I never get a written response, but a few weeks later I get a 30% raise (putting me on same level with what was being offered new graduates). People have frequently had to remind me that in IBM, business ethics is an oxymoron.

online computer conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal Network

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Internal Network
Date: 27 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#3 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#4 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#13 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#14 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#14 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#15 IBM Internal Network

I know nothing ... I had to leave everything "IBM Confidential" when we left ... although about a year after we left ... one morning I stepped out the front door and found a package on the front steps that somebody had left.

the individual emails I sent/received didn't say "IBM Confidential". The compilation that was collected, printed and packaged in Tandem 3-ring binders and sent to the corporate executive committee had "IBM Confidential" ... but 2021 is now 40yrs ... and there is possibly an expiration on how long something is "classified"(?).

Although I left w/o taking anything labeled "IBM Confidential" ... through a complicated sequence of events, I seem to now have some amount of files that are labeled that way (and not of my action). For instance, from
PREFACE

This summary is an attempt to extract from the "Tandem memos" those points which seem worthy of management attention, emphasizing those points for which a clear plan of action can be recommended. Since this summary is less than 5% as long as the original documents, some points worthy of mention are inevitably left out

I have done my best to represent the discussion as accurately as possible. Occasionally, I have added comments which are not actually present in the "Tandem memos", but are consonant with them and, in most cases, were made in other contexts by the participants

The decisions of what material and topics to include in this summary are strictly my own. I apologize if something of significance has been omitted. The intention was to include those comments which seemed to be most widely held, most globally relevant, and most amenable to action by management

SUMMARY OF THE SUMMARY

To give the reader an overview of what follows, I include here the most important points. It is impossible to do justice to the entire discussion in such a short summary of a summary

• The perception of many technical people in IBM is that the company is rapidly heading for disaster. Furthermore, people fear that this movement will not be appreciated until it begins more directly to affect revenue, at which point recovery may be impossible

• Many technical people are extremely frustrated with their management and with the way things are going in IBM. To an increasing extent, people are reacting to this by leaving IBM Most of the contributors to the present discussion would prefer to stay with IBM and see the problems rectified. However, there is increasing skepticism that correction is possible or likely, given the apparent lack of commitment by management to take action

• There is a widespread perception that IBM management has failed to understand how to manage technical people and high-technology development in an extremely competitive environment.

The conclusion that many people have drawn from the ongoing discussion represented by the "Tandem memos" is that if IBM is to have a technical future (as distinguished from merely a marketing future) very strong and clear management action is required immediately. The remainder of this summary suggests some of the actions which should be taken; those of us who have participated in the "Tandem memos" discussion will, I am sure, be happy to provide more suggestions

I believe it would be a serious error to regard the opinions expressed in the original memos, and in this summary, as the ramblings and complaints of a small number of rabble-rousers Even though only about 50 people have directly contributed, the feeling is widespread among IBM's technical community that what is being said is "right on." And though perhaps not all of the opinions are universally held, certain messages come through repeatedly during the discussion. Part of the intent in creating this summary was to remove the emotion, the complaints of strictly local relevance, and the comments of no constructive value This summary emphasizes the descriptions of the problems and proposed solutions for them

Part of the difficulty of managing a large corporation is getting an accurate view of what is really going on at the lower levels. By virtue of the discussion which is summarized here, IBM management has an unusual opportunity to gain an understanding of where its technical people think IBM is heading. Those same technical people are anxious to see the direction changed, and are hopeful that it can be and will be

BACKGROUND AND HISTORY

The "Tandem memos" are a collection of computer files which are the substance of an ongoing computer conference among about 50 people, mostly programmers and engineers, in various IBM locations. Most of the participants are in development laboratories, and are either non-managers or (in a few cases) first-level managers. The participants are nearly all involved with VM/370, either as users, developers, or support personnel Although this biases the discussion slightly in terms of the examples cited, the basic points are not related to VM alone

At present (July 7, 1981), there are nearly 20,000 lines of text in the discussion. The topics covered range from specific technical questions and comments about IBM products and competitive products to general discussions of IBM, of management, of managing a high-technology business, of IBM's way of doing business, and perhaps most importantly, of IBM's future. The overall tone is somewhat pessimistic, although not without hope It is important to note that an air of CONSTRUCTIVE criticism pervades the entire collection intro (7July1981)

... snip ...

online computer conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

... with regard to the above posted portion of the summary of the summary ... I've periodically mentioned in the early 80s, I was introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. Later in 89/90 time-frame the commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for a make-over of the corps ... at a time when IBM was also desperately in need of make-over ... it was only a couple short years later that IBM had gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company .... reference gone behind paywall but mostly lives free at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

Col John Boyd (retired USAF) and although he had made many major contributions to the USAF by the time he passes in 1997, he was pretty much disowned by USAF and it was the Marines at Arlington and his effects go to Quantico ... and we've continued to have Boyd-related conferences at Marine Corps Univ. in Quantico

IBM downfall/downturn posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
Boyd posts and web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Biden Seeks $80 Billion to Beef Up I.R.S. Audits of High-Earners

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Biden Seeks $80 Billion to Beef Up I.R.S. Audits of High-Earners
Date: 27 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Biden Seeks $80 Billion to Beef Up I.R.S. Audits of High-Earners. The president's "American Families Plan," which he will detail this week, will be offset in part by a tax enforcement effort that administration officials believe will raise $700 billion over a decade.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/27/business/economy/biden-american-families-plan.html
David Brin: OMG glad I delayed posting my 'suggestions for the new administration.' My long list from 2008 was ignored by the Obama bunch and they got torched in 2010. These folks must've learned something: they are moving frenetically, hitting many vital points. Evisceration of IRS has been top Republican priority for decades! It's estimated adding $1 to the IRS auditing budget will return $5 to fight deficits. Goppers who fight this - especially when Biden limits it to people richer than $20M - reveal their fundamental corruption. But watch as Hannity & co shriek about Big Government! in order to protect their oligarchy of cheaters. Any honest taxpayer should want this.
... snip ...

recent post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#1 Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them

posts mentioning tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax loopholes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentioning Comptroller General
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
posts mentioning Too Big To Fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning the fed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Did They Miss Yet Another F-35 Cost Overrun?

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Did They Miss Yet Another F-35 Cost Overrun?
Date: 27 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Did They Miss Yet Another F-35 Cost Overrun? by Winslow Wheeler
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/04/26/did-they-miss-yet-another-f-35-cost-overrun/
On Thursday, April 22, two subcommittees of the House Armed Services Committee held a joint hearing on the F-35. The hearing covered multiple F-35 cost issues, but strangely, no one discussed or asked about an apparent $63 billion cost overrun for the acquisition of the F-35. The data is in a Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation (CAPE) report (titled "Independent Cost Estimate" [ICE]) sent to the Committee last July and publically reported last September by Bloomberg News. The $63 billion acquisition overrun - derived by some simple arithmetic with two data points in the ICE - suggests that F-35 acquisition could possibly have tripped the preliminary 15% growth tripwire specified in the Nunn-McCurdy Act intended to alert Congress to such cost increases.
... snip ...

posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent F-35 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#102 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#11 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#82 The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#0 THE PENTAGON'S FLYING FIASCO. Don't look now, but the F-35 is afterburnered toast
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#77 Cancel the F-35, Fund Infrastructure Instead

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 27 Apr 2021 15:30:40 -1000
Bob Eager <news0073@eager.cx> writes:
As far as IBM goes...

I seem to remember using DIAG to access CP when I was testing an foreign operating system in a VM.

So the definition is at least partly rooted in software.


three people came out to the univ to install (virtual machine) CP/67 at the univ ... which I got to play with on the weekends. I rewrote and optimized a large amount of CP/67 pathlengths ... originally focused on improving OS/360 execution in virtual machine.

I was then playing with CMS and observed that its file i/o was always the same (handled the same way, channel program handled the same way, etc). I then defined a new CCW ... only used by CMS when running in CP/67 virtual machine ... significantly cutting CP/67 pathlength for CMS file i/o.

CSC people then criticized me for violating 360 principles of operation (for CCW not defined in "real hardware") ... I needed to use diagnose instruction ... operation is defined as machine/model specific ... creating the abstraction that there is a virtual machine CP/67" specific 360 model (and corresponding diagnose instruction implementation).

In the morph from CP67->VM370 there was lots of stuff that was dropped and/or simplified (including some amount of the code I had done as undergraduate) and CMS crippled from running on real machine (original CMS developed on 360/40, before CP/40 was operational). Then the use of DIAGNOSE for virtual machine specific model operations really took off with VM370.

Part of presentation I had done for IBM user group meeting when I was undergraduate at the univ. on some of the early kernel rewrites I had done for OS/360 running in CP/67 virtual machine (from old a.f.c. post)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

original CP/67 CPU for running the MFT14 benchmark was 534sec ... and some early rewrites reduced it to 113sec, cutting 421 CPU secs.

trivia: I had taken two semester hr intro to fortran/computers and within a year was hired fulltime to be responsible for IBM mainframe systems. They had replaced the 709/1401 (709 ibsys tape->tape, with 1401 handling front end unit record, tape<->unit record) with 360/67 originally for tss/360. However tss/360 never really came to production fruition so ran most of the time as 360/65 with os/360. student fortran original ran under second on 709 and original on os/360 360/65 ran well over a minute. I installed HASP and it cut elapsed time about in half. I then started doing custom sysgens to optimize placement of files and PDS members on disk for optimizing arm seek and multi-track search of PDS directories ... getting nearly another 3-fold reduction in elapsed time to 12.9secs. Never did get faster than 709 until installed UofWaterloo WATFOR for student jobs.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Beer, Brussels Sprouts, Bernie Madoff and Today's G.O.P

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Beer, Brussels Sprouts, Bernie Madoff and Today's G.O.P.
Date: 28 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Beer, Brussels Sprouts, Bernie Madoff and Today's G.O.P.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/26/opinion/biden-climate-republicans-meat.html

4Feb2009 At Madoff Hearing Lawmakers Lay into S.E.C.
https://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/05/business/05madoff.html

... note in the Madoff congressional hearings, they had testimony from the person that had tried unsuccessfully for nearly a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff. Note this was first decade after turn of the century during the Bush administration where SEC and other regulatory agencies weren't doing anything about economic mess, enforcing Sarbanes-Oxley as well as other enforcement activity, like doing anything about Madoff.

Rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs, but it (also) required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reporting, even showing that they increased after SOX had gone into effect. GAO references:
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-03-138
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-06-678
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-06-1053R
On July 24, 2006, we issued a report to Congress entitled, Financial Restatements: Update of Public Company Trends, Market Impacts, and Regulatory Enforcement Activities. That report included a listing of 1,390 financial restatement announcements that we identified as having been made because of financial reporting fraud and/or accounting errors between July 1, 2002, and September 30, 2005. As part of that work, Congress asked that we provide a limited update of that database for the period October 1, 2005, through June 30, 2006.
... snip ...

this special report appears to have been removed, although "search" can find other references & URLs for gao-06-1079sp on GAO website, but clicking on them results in "404"
https://www.gao.gov/products/gao-06-1079sp
from above:
The database consists of two files: (1) a file that lists 1,390 restatement announcements that we identified as having been made because of financial reporting fraud and/or accounting errors between July 1, 2002, and September 30, 2005, and (2) a file that lists 396 restatement announcements that we identified as having been made because of financial reporting fraud and/or accounting errors between October 1, 2005, and June 30, 2006.
... snip ...

madoff posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
ENRON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
sarbanes-oxley posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
whistleblower posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

posts specifically mentioning gao-03-138, gao-06-678, and/or gao-06-1053r
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#96 Bush - place in history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#97 Bush - place in history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#25 IBM's 2Q2008 Earnings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#24 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#73 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#25 The recently revealed excesses of John Thain, the former CEO of Merrill Lynch, while the firm was receiving $25 Billion in TARP funds makes me sick
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#36 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#48 The blame game is on : A blow to the Audit/Accounting Industry or a lesson learned ???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#49 US disaster, debts and bad financial management
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#81 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#16 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#84 Idiotic programming style edicts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#46 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#7 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#31 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#87 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#91 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#6 Adult Supervision
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#59 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#67 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#78 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#42 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#85 Study: One in Five Firms Misrepresent Earnings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#89 Auditors Don't Know Squat!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#0 Quelle Surprise! SEC Plans to Make the World Safer for Fraudsters, Push Through JOBS Act Con-Artist-Friendly Solicitation Rules
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#14 The growing openness of an organization's infrastructure has greatly impacted security landscape
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#19 Why Auditors Fail To Detect Frauds?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#1 STOP PRESS! An Auditor has been brought to task for a failed bank!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#20 General Mills computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#14 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#24 OCC Confirms that Big Banks are Badly Managed, Lack Adequate Risk Management Controls
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#30 Search Google, 1960:s-style
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#48 Search Google, 1960:s-style
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#4 HSBC's Settlement Leaves Us In A Scary Place
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#49 Insider Fraud: What to Monitor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#35 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#70 Implementing a Whistle-Blower Program - Detecting and Preventing Fraud at Workplace
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#64 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#73 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#50 IBM Furloughs U.S. Hardware Employees to Reduce Costs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#7 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#7 Rarely enforced SEC rules may give green light to earnings manipulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#70 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#97 PwC Whistleblower Alleges Fraud in Audits of Silicon Valley Companies

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 28 Apr 2021 08:36:53 -1000
Robin Vowels <robin.vowels@gmail.com> writes:
WATFOR and PL/C were high-speed compilers designed specifically for running student jobs. The problem with the IBM compilers was the separate linkedit steps.

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#19 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

Step job scheduler (along with file open/close), I had gotten down to less than four seconds ... i.e. part of it was the enormous number of transient SVC pieces that it had to drag through the transient area.

three step with null steps, I had gotten down to under 12 seconds, which was nearly all the elapsed time of student job fortg compile link edit and go (execute).

WATFOR was single step monitor and could do multiple jobs in single step ... so even if it didn't do anything, it was still almost four seconds for the job scheduler step (and file open/close) overhead. What really achieved its throughput was being able to batch a whole tray of student job cards (around 30-60 cards/job) in one WATFOR run. WATFOR was rated at 20,000 cards/min on 360/65 ... or 333 cards/sec. A tray of student jobs was around 40-50 jobs/tray ... which took 5-6 seconds of WATFOR time plus nearly 4 seconds for single step job scheduling overhead ... or around 9-10 seconds total ... avg .2-.25 secs/job ... finally beating 709 tape->tape IBSYS. The job step overhead was nearly as much as the actual WATFOR processing for whole tray of student jobs. If WATFOR had run as separate os/360 step/job for each student program ... it would have been four seconds.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 28 Apr 2021 08:45:37 -1000
Robin Vowels <robin.vowels@gmail.com> writes:
The 90/30 is an IBM/360 look-alike. From the IBM 360 Principles of Operations manual (bit savers):

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#19 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#21 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

... other (real hardware) 360 diagnose trivia ... on machines with emulators ... 360/30 was microcoded machine and had microcode implementing 360 instructions ... but could also have microcode implementing 1401 ... and diagnose instruction (with approprirate specification) could be used to switch into 1401 mode. Other 360s could have other machine architecture microcode installed.

CP/67 (360/67) and VM/370 took advantage of model dependent diagnose specification to implement functions that were described as for virtual machine model.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them
Date: 28 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#1 Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them

Making the Top 1% Its Own Tax Class
https://ritholtz.com/2021/04/top-1-tax/
How the Federal Reserve Is Increasing Wealth Inequality The Fed's low-interest-rate policies have stabilized the economy and turbocharged the stock market. But those who don't own lots of stocks haven't benefited anywhere near as much as those who do.
https://www.propublica.org/article/how-the-federal-reserve-is-increasing-wealth-inequality
Rich Americans Face Biden Tax Hike With Anger, Denial and Grief
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-04-22/tim-draper-says-capital-gains-tax-hike-will-kill-american-jobs

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
posts mentioning tax evasion, avoidance, loopholes, havens
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal Network

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Internal Network
Date: 28 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#3 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#4 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#13 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#14 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#14 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#15 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#16 IBM Internal Network

... other trivia: IBM Systems Mag. did article for mar/apr 2005 issue about my garlic webpages (although they garbled some of the details), sent photographer to the house to take pictures, etc. The webpages are mostly archive of my postings to alt.folklore.computers and other usenet discussion groups (another early social media) ... a.f.c. also archived here
https://groups.google.com/g/alt.folklore.computers

... article web page has gone 404, but still lives at wayback machine:
https://web.archive.org/web/20200103152517/http://archive.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/stoprun/stop-run/making-history/

past posts mentioning article:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#9 Making History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#14 Misuse of word "microcode"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#19 Blowing My Own Horn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#43 IBM 610 workstation computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#11 Google is full
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#26 garlic.com
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#65 How does ATTACH pass address of ECB to child?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#66 How does ATTACH pass address of ECB to child?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#28 We're losing the battle
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#53 Query: Mainframers look forward and back
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#36 Great things happened in 1973
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#62 They always think we don't understand
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#30 IBM Historic computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#60 I actually miss working at IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#68 IBM and the Computer Revolution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#12 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#82 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#87 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#34 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#32 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Obscurity or is it Security by Design?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#60 Today in TIME Tech History: Piston-less Power (1959), IBM's Decline (1992), TiVo (1998) and More
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#74 mainframe "selling" points
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#79 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#49 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#61 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#77 IBM going ahead with more U.S. job cuts today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#87 IBM going ahead with more U.S. job cuts today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#2 IBM Relevancy in the IT World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#28 Flag bloat
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#60 Retirement Heist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#42 Computer museums
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#80 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#25 Globalization Worker Negotiation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actually emulate the power of a mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#105 The IBM 7094 and CTSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#8 Mainframe Networking problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#22 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#4 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

rather far from Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: rather far from Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 29 Apr 2021 08:29:24 -1000
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
Of course. It starts on page 257 of this manual:

http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/370/VM_370/Release_3/GC20-1807-4_VM370_System_Programmers_Guide_Rel_3_2-76.pdf

The functions are nothing like what a hardware diagnose would do. There were options to manipulate the spool files for the virtual card reader and printer, to do disk I/O, to change the size of the VM's memory, manage shared memory segments, and other stuff that makes sense in a virtual machine but not on a real one.


re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#19 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#21 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#22 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

even further ... it was what I got back from Cambridge when I created new CCW to reduce the CP67 overhead specifically for CMS file i/o ... that CP67 provided a virtual machine that conformed to 360 principles of operation. To provide something that didn't conform to 360 principles of operation ... had to be done via the "diagnose" instruction ... which provided "model specific" features that weren't defined in the 360 principles of operation (like on 360/30 which would switch from microcode that implemented 360 to microcode that implemented 1401) ... but in this case it created the abstraction of a virtual machine MODEL aka, CP67 provided a virtual machine 360 model ... which otherwise conformed to the 360 principles of operation ... except for its (virtual machine) "model specific" functions provided by the diagnose instruction (and the cp67 software effectively is the microcode for the virtual machine 360 model).

when I graduated and joined the science center, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operation systems for internal datacenters ... including a page mapped file system for CMS.

some of the MIT CTSS people had gone to the 5th flr Project MAC and were doing multics and other of the CTSS people went to the IBM science center and were doing virtual machines, internal network (which was also used in the 80s for the corporate sponsored univ. BITNET), bunch of online apps, bunch of performance monitoring/modeling and capacity planning, etc.

The 5th flr was doing single level store virtual memory filesystem for multics ... and I figured I could do one also ... but I claimed I learned what not to do watching the IBMers at the university trying to get TSS/360 working (which also had single level store).

Some people spun off from the science center to form the vm370 development group, took over the ibm bostom programming center on the 3rd flr but rapidly outgrew that space and moved out to the empty former SBC bldg on 128 at Burlington mall ... the morph from CP67->VM370 dropped and/or greatly simplified a lot of stuff from CP67 (including lots of my stuff I did as undergraduate ... as well as the CP67 multiprocessor support).

IBM was then going thru the Future System period which was completely different from 360/370 and was going to completely replace it (370 stuff was being shutdown, the lack of new 370 stuff during the period is credited with giving 370 clone mainframe vendors a market foothold) FS also included flavor of (tss/360) single level store.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/ Some FS Comments
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm Discussion of old FS evaluation
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html FS description and discussion

I continued to work on CP67 through the FS period and periodically I would ridicule what they were doing (which wasn't exactly career enhancing). Towards the end of the FS period I started migrating lots of stuff from CP67 to VM370. Then when FS failed/imploded there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipeline ... kicking off 3033 (remapp of 370/168 logic to 20% faster chips) and 3081 were kicked off in parallel. Also decision was to pick up some of the stuff that I was shipping to internal datacenters for inclusion in VM370 release 3.

Inside IBM, anything related to FS got such a bad smell, including single level store ... that they weren't going to do it ... so they weren't going to ship my full CMS paged-mapped filesystem (although implementation was completely different from TSS/360 and FS). A very small subset of it was picked up for release 3, including a little stuff for DCSS (discontiguous shared segments) mapped into DMKSNT (instead of page mapped filesystem).

Also the CP67 reorg for kernel syncronization & serialization which eliminated much of the VM370 failures & zombie users from the period (I was doing a lot of synthetic workload benchmarking, moved to VM370 most were guarantee to crash VM370 before I redid kernel syncronization and serialization).

some old email from the period about moving from CP67 to VM370 for my internal CSC/VM.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

Later in vm370 release 3, would ship a lot of CP67 performance and resource management as well as the CP67 kernel organization needed for mulitprocessor support (but the multiprocessor support didn't actually ship until release 4)

Note things get a little more clouded in the last half of the 1980s when "LPAR" support was added to 3090 (currently large percentage of IBM mainframes run LPAR) ... bascially a whole lot of virtual machine function was moved into the machine microcode ... providing the ability to divide a real machine into multiple "Logical Partitions" ... effectively a form of virtual machine w/o needing the VM370 software.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Private Equity and Hedge Fund Barons Having a Hissy Over Carried Interest Grift Because Biden Isn't Staying Bought

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Private Equity and Hedge Fund Barons Having a Hissy Over Carried Interest Grift Because Biden Isn't Staying Bought
Date: 29 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Private Equity and Hedge Fund Barons Having a Hissy Over Carried Interest Grift Because Biden Isn't Staying Bought
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/04/private-equity-and-hedge-fund-barons-having-a-hissy-over-carried-interest-grift-because-biden-isnt-staying-bought.html

private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Learning EBCDIC

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Learning EBCDIC
Date: 29 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Within a year after taking two semester hour intro to fortran/computers, I was hired fulltime responsible for univ. mainframe systems (by that time the univ. had replaced 709/1401 with 360/67, originally for TSS/360 which never quite came to production fruition ... so ran as 360/65 with OS/360). At some point had some 3rd shift time at closest IBM regional center. During the day I wandered around & found OS/MVT debugging class and asked to sit in. After 20mins the instructor asked me to leave because I kept suggesting better ways. Spent a lot of offshift time at the univ. having the whole datacenter to myself and 360 as my "personal" computer.

I learned hexadecimal and ebcdic punch holes. I had been hired as student programmer after finishing intro class. I was to design & implement the 1401 MPIO (709 unit front end<->tape) in 360 assembler for 360/30 that replaced 1401 pending arrival of 360/67. On weekends, I could have the 360/30 to myself for 48hrs. It eventually took an hour to reassemble the source. I eventually got so I could "fan" the assembler output TXT card deck for the displacement and then dup the original card, multi-punch patches into the dup'ed card. I eventually got so I could read punch holes nearly as easily as text.

recent EBCDIC and/or MPIO posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#14 The PDP11 and subsequent influences
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#39 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#19 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#7 IBM timesharing terminal--offline preparation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#81 Keypunch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#92 EBCDIC Trivia

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Cottle Plant Site

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Cottle Plant Site
Date: 29 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
recent comments from other threads:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#5 LSM - Los Gatos State Machine
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#62 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#76 4341 Benchmarks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#77 IBM Tokenring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#45 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#53 IBM CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#70 IBM/BMI/MIB
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#36 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#14 IBM Internal Network

When I transfer out to SJR/bldg28, I'm allowed to wander around lots of internal and customer datacenters. The disk engineering (bldg14) and product test (bldg15) machine rooms were running 7x24 prescheduled stand-alone testing. They had tried MVS to see if they could do multiple concurrent tests, but MVS had 15min MTBF in that environment (crashing, required manual IPL, test devices causing all sort of failures). I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor to make it bullet-proof and never fail so they could do any number of on-demand, concurrent testings (significantly improving productivity). Downside was they would start calling me on problems and I had to spend increasing amount of time playing disk engineer. One time, I pointed out that they were violating channel architecture ... and they tried escalating on conference call with POK channel engineers. After that they would badger me to be on all conference calls with POK (their excuse was most of the senior disk engineers that really understood channel architecture had left for startups in late 60s and early 70s). I did do (internal only) research report going into detail about what I had to do for never fail I/O supervisor and happen to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... which brought down the wrath of the POK MVS org. on my head (management said they even tried to have me separated from the company).

When bldg15 got engineering 3033 ... we found a spare 3830 and couple string of 3330s and put up a small private online service on it (since I/O testing only took percent or two of I/O testing, facilities even ran 3270 coax from channel attached 3270 controller under the street to my office in 28). This was about the time that they were running air bearing simulations (as part of design for thin film floating heads) on the SJR 370/195. However the 195 had such a long job queue, even with high priority classification ... turn arounds were a week or two (lucky since some were getting 3month turn arounds). We then get air bearing simulation moved to the bldg15 3033 and he can get several turn arounds a day (3033 was little less than half 195, but we had loads of available processing power).

Starting in early 80s, I also had HSDT program, T1 & faster links, both satellite & terrestrial. Had a T1 satellite link over SBS T3/45mbit C-band satellite between San Jose and Kingston ... connection between San Jose SJR/bldg28 and Clementi's E&S lab in Kingston. Clementi had a boat load of Floating Point Systems boxes and then eventually got a 3090 in the mid-80s. Later, HSDT then got its own 3node satellite 24mbit Ku-band, 4.5M dishes at Los Gatos/bldg29 (VLSI lab let me have bunch of offices and labs) and Yorktown and a 7M dish next to bldg45 in Austin. Had T1 over fiber-optic from Almaden (research moved up the hill to new bldg) to 45mbit collins digital radio on top of bldg12 to repeater above Los Gatos lab. and then connected to the HSDT satellite network to both Yorktown and Austin.

Austin was using T1 link to the Los Gatos LSM logic simulator for RIOS chip (RS/6000) design ... then disk engineering moved out of bldg14 (during bldg14 seismic retrofit) to off-site bldg86 (south of plant site) and they also got an EVE (faster logic simulator). For Austin RIOS to use the bldg86 EVE logic simulator added T1 from bldg29 over T3 to roof of bldg12 and then to roof of bldg86. There were claims HSDT & Logic simulation help bring in RIOS chips a year early.

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US tax plan proposes massive overhaul to audit high earners and corporations for tax evasion

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: US tax plan proposes massive overhaul to audit high earners and corporations for tax evasion
Date: 30 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
US tax plan proposes massive overhaul to audit high earners and corporations for tax evasion. The Biden administration says that investing $80 billion to beef up IRS enforcement will pay for itself by recouping a projected $700 billion over the next decade.
https://www.icij.org/inside-icij/2021/04/us-tax-plan-proposes-massive-overhaul-to-audit-high-earners-and-corporations-for-tax-evasion/
In recent years, as the IRS has struggled to hire enough investigators and other staff, its enforcement efforts have increasingly focused on auditing middle-income and poor taxpayers who have far less to spare for Uncle Sam. In 2019, the IRS told Congress that nearly 40% of its audits were focused on low-income taxpayers. Such audits were "the most efficient use of available IRS examination resources," Charles Rettig, the IRS's commissioner told lawmakers.
... snip ...

spring 2009, IRS announced that it was going after $400B in taxes on money illegally stashed overseas by 52,000 wealthy americans (over and above the new tax loopholes that allowed trillions to be legally stashed overseas) since the start of the century ... then little or nothing in the news.

spring 2011 the new speaker of the house has press conference where he says he is cutting the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering the $400B. Since then there has been periodic news about the banks and financial advisers have been fined a few billion for their part in facilitating illegally stashing trillions overseas (again, over and above the trillions that congressional tax loopholes allowed to be stashed overseas "legally") ... but almost nothing about recovering the $400B in taxes owed on the money illegally stashed overseas.

also spring 2011, the (same) new speaker of the house on local DC radio interview commented that he was placing the new "tea party" party darlings on the tax and revenue committee because those committee members get the most "contributions" from special interests (one of the reasons that congress is called the most corrupt institution on earth).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boehner
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2021/04/john-boehner-memoir-review.html

... and 2002 congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

posts mentioning tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax loopholes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentioning Comptroller General
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
posts mentioning Too Big To Fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning the fed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Departure Email

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Departure Email
Date: 30 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
For various transgressions (blamed for internal IBM online computer conferencing in late 70s & early 80s, writing internal IBM report about redoig I/O supervisor so disk engineering can do ondemand concurrent disk testings instead of 7x24 stand alone, happening to mention MVS 15m MTBF and bringing the wrath of the MVS org down on my head, online telephone books, collecting email addresses and merging them into online telephone books, importing VMSHARE and game files from TYMSHARE and making them available internally inside IBM, catching HR lying about why I was being paid 30% less than what was being offered to new graduates that I was interviewing to work in a group under my technical direction, etc) at SJR, I was transferred to Yorktown research and reported directly to an executive ... but left to live in San Jose with offices in bldg 28 (later Almaden) and bldg 29. Much later when the executive (at the time head of IBM AWD austin) asked me to send out his goodby email to small collection ... I accidentally invoked a larger email list and it went out to over 28,000 email addresses. For weeks I was getting responses from around the world, why were they getting the email, they didn't know who I was or the person leaving.

trivia: the PROFS group had collected lots of internal apps and packaging them with 3270 full screen menus (for the huge numbers of internal computer illiterate IBMers) and they selected a very early version of VMSG for the email client. Later when the VMSG author tried to offer them a much enhanced version, the PROFS group tried to get him fired. The whole thing quieted down after he showed that every PROFS email contained his initials in a non-displayed (control) field. After that he only shared his source with me and one other person.

recent posts mentioning PROFS, never fail I/O supervisor, VMSHARE, games, computer illiterate, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#9 IBM timesharing terminal--offline preparation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#28 50 years online at home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#37 Early mainframe security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#42 If Memory Had Been Cheaper
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#5 LSM - Los Gatos State Machine
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#11 IBM PCjr
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#14 Unbundling and Kernel Software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#22 Almaden Tape Library
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#25 IBM Acronyms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#31 Tandem Memo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#72 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#74 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#76 4341 Benchmarks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#82 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#85 IBM Auditors and Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#86 IBM Auditors and Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#2 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#8 IBM Travel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#12 IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#24 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#29 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#31 Indian Casino and HA/CMP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#62 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#67 Fumble Finger Distribution list
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#69 Fumble Finger Distribution list
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#81 The Golden Age of computer user groups
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#84 1977: Zork
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#103 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#5 Z/VM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#11 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#12 Z/VM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#27 US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#29 System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#65 IBM Computer Literacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#73 I/O processors, What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#78 Air Force opens first Montessori Officer Training School
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#92 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#14 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#28 IBM 370/195
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#36 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#42 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#43 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#48 Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#60 IBM Hardest Problem(s)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#0 Patients With Long Covid Face Lingering Worrisome Health Risks, Study Finds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#8 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#28 IBM Cottle Plant Site

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Dragon's War: Allied Operations and the Fate of China, 1937-1947

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Dragon's War: Allied Operations and the Fate of China, 1937-1947
Date: 30 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Dragon's War Chapter 3 refs in "OSS in China" thread
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#78 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#80 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

The Dragon's War: Allied Operations and the Fate of China, 1937-1947
https://www.amazon.com/Dragons-War-Allied-Operations-1937-1947-ebook/dp/B00DY0OLQC/
and ... OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.amazon.com/OSS-China-Prelude-Cold-War-ebook/dp/B00DY0OLNK/

I've read Miles "A Different Kind of War"
https://www.amazon.com/Different-Kind-War-Guerrilla-Forces/dp/B000NTNH8U/
pg587:
Fleat Admiral Leahy to Miles: "Your go out and sink the guys that sold China down the river".
... snip ...

In the past, I've periodically characterized the first half of Miles' book about being sent to China to set up the coast watchers which quickly expanded into lots of other activities ... and the 2nd half of the book, about how OSS (Donovan & precursor to CIA), British, factions of the US Army (Wedemeyer) and others gave China to the Communists.

Dragon War goes into more detailed based on more recently released classified material ... it would seem that it was mostly Stilwell, who had deceived Milton and then Milton blames Wedemeyer who was trying to clean up Stilwell's mess
https://www.amazon.com/Dragons-War-Allied-Operations-1937-1947-ebook/dp/B00DY0OLQC/

Stilwell appears to be trying to get Chiang Kai-shek to turn over all of China to Stilwell ... which wasn't going well. pg166/loc3392-97:
To satisfy Stilwell's demand, an elaborate scheme was worked out to ensure that Stilwell would ultimately get his command of the Chinese army. The central part of the scheme was to give Stilwell complete control over the China-bound Lend-Lease materiel as bargaining leverage over Chiang Kai-shek. Consequently, throughout his tenure until his unceremonious recall in late October 1944, Stilwell used his control over the Lend-Lease materiel to force Chiang into doing whatever Stilwell wanted done and used his power to satisfy his desire for command by granting favors to one particular Chinese commander over the others. In the end, Stilwell's inattention and chaotic management style over the Lend-Lease materiel prevented much larger amounts of American military aid from going to China.

pg172/loc3534-39:
It must be pointed out that General Marshall, in Washington, played a crucial role during the so-called "Stilwell Incident." He was the man who drafted all the presidential memos to Chiang Kai-shek with strong and harsh tones, for which the president often felt embarrassed and constantly tried to tone down. Roosevelt was deeply struck by Chiang's statement in his 8 July reply to Washington's demand, which summed up the root of the problem between China and the United State

pg174/loc3567-72:
There was a particularly peculiar system of communications and file keeping in the Roosevelt White House. The supersecret nerve center of the American high command was the White House Map Room, created in 1942 to coordinate the war. Roosevelt wished to prevent the Army and the Navy from controlling communications channels, so he decided that all the outgoing presidential communications would go through the Navy channel and all the incoming communications from the field in various theaters to the president would go through the Army channel. Only the White House Map Room would have a complete copy of every piece of communication on a particular issue. 19

pg174/loc3573-77:
This system, however, had become a major culprit in souring Sino-U.S. wartime relations, because the U.S. Army was able to control all the messages from China to the president, including Stilwell's as well as Chiang Kai-shek's. Thus, we see a repeated pattern of manipulation of facts and partisan views on the China theater from the Army channel. Virtually every cable to the president from Chiang Kai-shek had to go through Stilwell and Marshall, and often with the Army's attached backgrounders and interpretations of Chiang's intentions and even flat refutations of what Chiang had to say in his messages to the president.

pg174/loc3582-88:
When Hurley reached China, the first thing he changed was his method of communicating with the White House--he decided to use the Navy channel instead of the Stilwell channel. For the first time in the war thus far, Chiang Kai-shek was able to convey his unfettered views on Stilwell and the China situation through Hurley and the Navy channel directly to Roosevelt. In fact, Chiang's most complete explanation to Roosevelt as to why he wanted Stilwell relieved was addressed to Hurley, who sent it to the White House as an attachment. In this memo, undoubtedly Chiang's most important one of the war, Chiang pointed out Stilwell's military incompetence as a theater commander, his obsession with the Burma campaign at the expense of the overall China theater conditions, and his arrogance and narrow mindedness.

pg175/loc3594-98:
Then Chiang Kai-shek delivered a stinging line that would reverberate loudly in Washington, "In all, excepting the Yunnan Expeditionary Forces, the Chinese armies have received 60 mountain guns, 320 anti-tank rifles and 506 Bazookas." 22 With Chiang Kai-shek's devastating charges against Stilwell, Hurley provided the crucial official recommendation to the president that ultimately prompted Stilwell's recall.

pg175/loc3607-11:
Ten days later, the White House announced the recall of Stilwell, relieving him of all duties associated with the war effort in the China-Burma-India theater. A power struggle that had devastated the China theater's war efforts was finally over. But the damage had been done. Stilwell, in trying to regain Burma and obtain command of the Chinese armed forces, used his control of the Lend-Lease materiel as the ultimate bargaining chip against Chiang Kai-shek. In the process, America's military aid to China in the most crucial years of the war became effectively inconsequential to the overall war situation.
... snip ...

posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

other recent "OSS in China" Posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#67 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#69 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#70 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#91 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

other past posts mentioning "different kind of war" and/or "Milton Miles":
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#56 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#57 About Unconventional warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#64 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#74 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#72 This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#94 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#50 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 30 Apr 2021 11:11:36 -1000
Jon Elson <elson@pico-systems.com> writes:
Do you REALLY mean 709, or 709x? The 709X gave truly marvelous compute performance for its physical technology, and blew away all but the top-end 360's. But, it didn't handle concurrent programs at all, and so I/O was its downfall. But, then some of what the 360 gained by concurrency (multiprogramming in IBM lingo) it gave back by spending too much time figuring out what job to run next.

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#19 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#21 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#22 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#25 rather far from Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

"709" ... it ran ibsys "monitor" that batch programs sequentially tape->tape ... whole 709 fortran compile & executed was already loaded ... analogous to WATFOR monitor and batch compile & execute.

OS/360 had enormous amount of disk i/o for each job step ... and elapsed time started out over minute for each student job (compared to 709 subsecond). Adding HASP cut that in half since unit record (card read & printer output) was now longer sequential with job execution ... could be done asynchronously. Carefully crafting SYSGEN (system build) to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search improved it almost another factor of three.

WATFOR was single step ... which was still nearly four seconds job step setup (nearly triple that for standard system build w/o careful disk i/o optimization ... time not included in the 709 comparison tape->tape timing) ... and then batched serial processing (typically full card tray of 2000+ cards) analogous to the 709 sequential tape->tape batching.

OS/360 originally PCP didn't do multiprogramming. Then got MFT which was still pretty much limited to single job stream with a couple other things running concurrently ... and things like DBMS could do multi-threading (transaction overlapping). It was MVT before got general job stream multi-programming concurrency.

However, if did separate WATFOR for each student job ... would still have been 12 seconds for each WATFOR invokation (on standard system build). Big bonus was WATFOR doing batch operation of large number of student jobs in single invocation (more analogous to how 709 tape->tape worked) ... and standard 768k machine, MVT would have been able to do more than a couple concurrent WATFOR invokations (more was gain for having a single invoked WATFOR sequentially processing a large batch stream of student jobs).

trivia: a decade ago, somebody over in bit.listserv.ibm-main asked me to track down decision to move all 370 machines to virtual memory. archived post in ibm-main
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#47
and similar archived post here in a.f.c.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

basically MVT storage management was so bad that on standard 1mbyte 370/165, MVT could only run four (concurrent job stream) regions ... storage reserved for each region had to be four times larger than normally used. Mapping MVT into 16mbyte virtual address space (original VS/2 SVS release) would allow increasing the number of concurrent executing job stream regions by a factor of four with little or no (virtual memory) paging.

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 30 Apr 2021 16:24:14 -1000
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#19 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#21 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#22 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#25 rather far from Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#32 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

i.e. 709/360-65 comparison for student jobs wasn't dominated by CPU processing. 709 was purely sequential tape->tape (unit record processing handled by front-end 1401). 360/65 initially dominated by synchronously handling of unit record pushing it over a minute per job. Adding HASP unit record handling asynchronously, cut time in half (three step student job nearly totally dominated by system disk i/o). Highly optimized SYSGEN (system configuration careful placing of files & records) improved it by nearly three times ... but still dominated by system disk I/O overhead. Using single job step WATFOR to just run single student job was still nearly 4secs, again nearly all system disk I/O overhead. Using single job step WATFOR to batch run 40 jobs only doubled time to around 8secs (half <optimized> system disk i/o overhead and half WATFOR processing ... aka .2sec/job, normal SYSGEN would have been closer 12secs system disk I/O overhead and 4secs WATFOR or 16secs total for 50 student jobs, aka .4sec/job).

disk i/o drift ... mid-70s, I started pontificating that disk i/o throughput wasn't keeping up with system (cpu & memory) throughput) ... this was somewhat the analogy of 370/165 needing much larger number of concurrently executing programs to keep cpu busy.

in the early 80s, I wrote that over the previous 15yrs that disk relative system throughput (i.e. compared to the rest of change in system) had declined by an order of magnitude (factor of ten times). A disk division executive took exception to my statement and assigned the division performance organization to refute it. They came back after a few weeks and basically said that I had slightly understated the problem.

The analysis was respun and turned into a (ibm user group) SHARE 63 Presentation B874 (aug1984)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
about configuring DASD for improving throughput. Old archived postings to both a.f.c & bit.listserv.ibm-main with summery from paper
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#18
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68

other trivia: these days there has been the observation that memory-access/cache-miss latency when measured in count of processor cycles is compareable to 60s disk I/O latency when measured in count of 60s processor cycles.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Dragon's War: Allied Operations and the Fate of China, 1937-1947

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Dragon's War: Allied Operations and the Fate of China, 1937-1947
Date: 01 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
ref:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#31 The Dragon's War: Allied Operations and the Fate of China, 1937-1947

Marshall is SECSTATE (1947-1949) and State puts out white paper trying to absolve State of blame for giving China to the communists
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

... but by then most of the damage had already been done.

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/

posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

prior refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#34 oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#38 oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#86 What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#72 This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#82 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#94 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#46 George Marshall: Defender of the Republic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#30 The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#78 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#91 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
Date: 2 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
https://eurasiantimes.com/us-stealth-fighter-jets-like-f-35-f-22-raptors-no-longer-stealth-in-front-of-new-russian-chinese-radars/

"stealth" ... actually "low observable"

in past there have been several references that low-band radar could follow "stealth", but not precise enough for targeting ... more recently there have been reports that GROWLERs are getting new jamming pods specifically for low-band radar, which seems to have contributed to new GROWLER orders.
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/36606/e-a-18g-growler-sports-its-new-jamming-pod-in-the-anechoic-chamber-in-this-very-sci-fi-pic

2011 RADAR tutorial had comment that computer power to do signal processing for real-time targeting of "low observable" aircraft wasn't then available.
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278838
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278878
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278931

Spring 2015, DOD puts latest computer technologies on export restriction list. At fall 2015 supercomputer conference, China demonstrates they are making their own advanced computer components (used in supercomputers, military radar and other applications). YE2017 article about autonomous vehicles had them operating with 100 times the computing power the 2011 article said was required to do signal processing for real-time targeting of "low observable" aircraft.

Several other articles have F-35 surface form for "stealth" was significantly compromised (compared to the F-22 and original F-35 prototype) as part of cost reduction

posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

various posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#83 F111 related discussion x-over from Facebook
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#10 UAV vis-a-vis F35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#42 China's J-20 Stealth Fighter Is Already Doing A Whole Lot More Than Anyone Expected
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#68 NBC's website hacked with malware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#40 ELP weighs in on the software issue:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#97 The Planet's Best Stealth Fighter Isn't Made in America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#86 HP splits, again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#9 The Planet's Best Stealth Fighter Isn't Made in America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#34 The joy of simplicity?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#58 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#55 How to Kill the F-35 Stealth Fighter; It all comes down to radar ... and a big enough missile
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#13 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#76 The F-35 Stealth Fighter Is Politically Unstoppable----Even Under President Trump
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#51 The Not-So-Secret Way to Kill an F-22 or F-35 Stealth Fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#39 Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#19 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#21 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#68 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#20 Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#102 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#18 Did They Miss Yet Another F-35 Cost Overrun? by Winslow Wheeler

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
Date: 2 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
https://johnhively.wordpress.com/2021/05/01/how-the-billionaires-corporate-news-media-have-been-used-to-brainwash-us/

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

Corporations used to be for organizations that did things in the public interest. Almost from the start there has been efforts to allow corporations to operate in self-interest and then to give corporations "rights" (as people).

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

In the 1880s, Supreme Court were scammed (by the railroads) to give corporations "person rights" under the 14th amendment.
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiii/loc45-50:
IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business corporations too.
... snip ...

... testimony falsely claiming authors of 14th amendment intended to include corporations
pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.

pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
... snip ...

Railroaded
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pg77/pg1984-86:
By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.

pg510/loc10030-33:
The result was not only unneeded railroads whose effects were as often bad as beneficial but also corruption of the markets and the government. The men who directed this capital were frequently not themselves capitalists. They were entrepreneurs who borrowed money or collected subsidies. These entrepreneurs did not invent the railroad, but they were inventing corporations, railroad systems, and new forms of competition. Those things yielded both personal wealth and social disasters

pg515/loc10118-22:
The need to invest capital and labor in large amounts to maintain and upgrade what had already been built was one debt owed to the past, but the second one was what Charles Francis Adams in his days as a reformer referred to as a tax on trade. All of the watered stock, money siphoned off into private pockets, waste, and fraud that characterized the building of the railroads created a corporate debt that had to be paid through higher rates and scrimping on service. A shipper in 1885 was still paying for the frauds of the 1860s.
... snip ...

recent corporation posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#44 Corporations Are People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#82 Prying Open The Overton Window
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#144 PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#148 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#161 Fascists
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#71 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Drums

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Drums
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 02 May 2021 18:43:05 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
A discussion of IBM drums on Wikipedia started me thinking - I always associated drums with use for paging, but what would they have been used for on 360's other than the /67? Would people put parts of the OS on them, use them for rollout/rollin, or what?

univ. had 2301 "drum" (something of 2303 "drum" ... except read/write four tracks in parallel, 1/4th the number of tracks each four times larger and four times the transfer rate) for 360/67 supposedly for tss/360. Was used for sys1.svclib when running as 360/65 with os/360 (some discussion in the DIAG thread ... os/360 did enormous number of disk i/o for job step supervisor as well as file open/close SVCs ... file open&close SVCs had enormous of number of sys1.svclib modules that had to be dragged sequentially through the os/360 svc transient area.

when univ finally decided that wasn't ever going to get tss/360 running production ... the univ. returned the 2301. the was some sort of univ/ibm blowup and I was given overnight to redo os/360 systen with sys1.svclib on 2314. Afterwards I escalated and said that was no way to run a datacenter and in the future I wanted advanced notice for configuration changes.

before it was returned, cp67/cms was installed at univ (before 2301 removed) and got to play with it on weekends ... original CP67 paging code did FIFO single page i/o per channel program ... peaked around 80/sec. I rewrote the code to do multiple transfer per channel program ordered to do maximum transfers per revolution and could peak close to channel speed 270/sec. Also did disk FIFO queued requests, I redid for ordered seek for all channel programs and chaining page transfers for same cylinder (arm position) in single channel program (again attempting to maximize transfer per revolution).

past post mentioning 2301 drums
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#66 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#26 Multitasking, together with OS operations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#54 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#60 Optimizing the Hard Disk Directly
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#65 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#4 TSS/8, was A Whirlwind History of the Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#44 VM/370 45th Birthday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#71 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#85 Ferranti Atlas paging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#90 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#22 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#44 Can anyone remember "drum" storage?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#46 Can anyone remember "drum" storage?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#81 CKD details
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#111 Didn't we have this some time ago on some SLED disks? Multi-actuator
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#70 2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#42 If Memory Had Been Cheaper

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 03 May 2021 09:19:33 -1000
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
Oh sure anyone can look it up, I meant from memory as a result of using the hand punch rather than wait for an 029.

long ago and far away I had learned to read punch holes ... all ebcdic combinations as well as alpha/numeric equivalence, but now lost in mists of time. fan assembly output TXT deck looking for card with program displacement and then (026) duplicate card ... multi-punching patch into the duped card.

after two semester hr intro to fortran/computers ... got student job to reimplement 1401 MPIO (tape<->unit record, i.e. unit record front end for 709) in 360 assembler (360/30 temporary replaces 1401 on way to upgrading 709/1401 to 360/67). univ. shutdown datacenter from 8am sat until 8am mon and I could have the whole place to myself for 48hrs straight (360/30 as my personal computer). I got to design & implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, etc.

After a couple months, I had 2000 card assembler program ... with conditional assembly ... 1) stand-alone (loaded with BPS loader) or 2) run under os/360. stand-alone took 30mins to assemble (on 360/30) ... os/360 version took an hr to assemble; >5min per DCB macro (you could see it hit the DCB macros by pattern in the front panel lights). I could frequently do multi-punch patches much faster than re-assemble.

some recent posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#73 Movie Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#50 Univ. 709
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#36 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#49 System/360--detailed engineering description (AFIPS 1964)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#49 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#86 OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#104 OS/360 PCP JCL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#14 The PDP11 and subsequent influences
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#19 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#27 Learning EBCDIC

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 03 May 2021 13:38:12 -1000
I did quick&dirty conversion of the (internal) "gcard ios3270" dated 1986, to html, that was started from gx20-1850-3 (1976) ... but doesn't have the punch card information
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html

gx20-1703 (-7 & -9) pdf image at bitsavers
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/referenceCard/
also -9 at wayback machine in lots of formats
https://archive.org/details/bitsavers_ibm360refeystem360ReferenceData_662124

i still remember "12-2-9" since that is '02'x in column one of output deck of assemblers and compilers ... followed by type. two decade old alt.folklore.computers & bit.listserv.ibm-main posts about format
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#14
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#8

other posts mentioning 12-2-9
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#17 unit record & other controllers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#4 1401 overlap instructions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#60 Text (was: Review of Steve McConnell's AFTER THE GOLD RUSH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#45 Commenting style (was: Call for folklore)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#1 DISK PL/I Program
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#17 Google loves "e"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#24 Systems software versus applications software definitions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#54 12-2-9 REP & 47F0
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#47 What is written on the keys of an ICL Hand Card Punch?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#17 IBM 610 workstation computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#43 Binder REP Cards (Was: What's the linkage editor really wants?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#58 REP cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#64 Large Computer Rescue
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#11 Not Your Dad's Mainframe: Little Iron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#30 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#69 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#70 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#32 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#46 Usefulness of bidirectional read/write?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#83 Java; a POX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#42 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#43 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#56 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#57 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#56 Punched Card Combinations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#38 IBM 029 service manual
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#39 IBM 029 service manual
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#34 CMS load module format
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#156 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#73 Paper Tape
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#65 Movie Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#68 Movie Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#24 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
Date: 3 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
https://www.amazon.com/Blind-Strategist-John-Boyd-American-ebook/dp/B08YK1QQ3R/
loc327-31:
The misinformation inherent within maneuver warfare corrupted the art of war in the Western world, especially operational-level thinking. This became apparent during the 1980s when Boyd's acolytes applied its concepts to develop a potentially disastrous plan to defend Western Europe from a feared Soviet invasion. Nevertheless, maneuver warfare remained orthodoxy in large part because of a widespread misconception that Boyd's ideas resulted in America's victory during the Gulf War, but in reality General Norman Schwarzkopf followed an entirely different warfighting philosophy.
... snip ...

Gulf War, 1991 17Jan-28Feb, only last 100hrs was land war (did talk to somebody from engineers that said they were through the berms and 50miles into enemy territory bouncing around in a Bradley three days before official land war ... and getting no trouble from the Iraqi tanks they would see).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War

GAO Air Effectiveness Study
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134
says that A10s fired one million 30mm shells in Desert Storm, that they were so effective taking out Iraqi tanks that their crews were walking away from them (as sitting ducks). The stories of horrific tank battles with coalition forces taking no damage, don't mention if the Iraqi tanks had anybody home. Burton has said that he got 30mm shells cut from nearly $100/shell to $13 (the one million shells would be $13M, least expensive of all Desert Storm)

There have been lots of explanations and excuses why Boyd's left hook failed and the Army M1 Abrams weren't in position to trap the retreating Republican Guard ... I would say that can add that Boyd possibly didn't realize how tightly tethered the M1 Abrams were to their supply and maintenance.

Boyd also helped with the A10.
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf
loc1783-88:
Boyd's collaboration with associate Pierre Sprey on the development of the A-10 close air support (CAS) aircraft sparked his exploration of history. The project was Sprey's, with Sprey consulting Boyd on performance analysis, E-M Theory, and views on warfare in general. When designing the A-10, Sprey had to determine what aircraft features provided the firepower and loiter time required by ground forces, while also granting survivability against the enemy ground fire that would inevitably be directed against it.4 The German Wehrmacht had pioneered both the design and employment of dedicated CAS aircraft in World War II.

loc1792-95:
From this, the inquiring mind that had developed the Aerial Attack Study and E-M Theory again went into action. Sprey had focused on the aircraft and tactics that made German CAS missions successful. Building on that, Boyd, in his first year of retirement, broadened the scope to examine German tactics and strategy in World War II, and then worked his way back to the time of Sun Tzu as he studied history's most successful military commanders.6
... snip ...

... note Burton was in the 1st USAF Academy graduation class and on fast track to general when he says that Boyd destroyed his career by challenging him to do what was right ... later wrote a book
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/
HBO turned into movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
related NYT article: Corrupt from top to bottom
https://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html
Burton in the past has suggested a mini-A10 with only a five barrel gun, but these days would more likely be UAV.

other background

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with H.W. Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Then in the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War
including WMDs (note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

Boyd posts and web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

other background

George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell The chilling spectacle of watching the political class redeem a criminal, again.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#10 George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#11 George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell

As VP, H.W. repeatedly claimed no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

This century, Bush2 is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and an economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the Iraq2 invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of arms from US companies, aka additional congressional gifts to military-industrial complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

There have been claims that Iraq learned from "Desert Storm" to minimize targets for US air power and to fight a totally different kind of war.

Team B posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
S&L crisis posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Whistleblower Trying to Stop the Next Financial Crisis

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Whistleblower Trying to Stop the Next Financial Crisis.
Date: 3 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#6 The Whistleblower Trying to Stop the Next Financial Crisis

End of 2008, SECTREAS lobbied congress to appropriate money for buying off-book too big to fail toxic assets. However only $700B was appropriated while YE2008, just the four larrgest TBTF still held $5.2T in off-book toxic assets. The $700B would hardly make a dent in the problem, so it was used for other purposes and it was left to FEDRES to buy trillions in offbook toxic assets (@98cents on the dollar, note earlier in 2008, offbook toxic assets had been going for 22cents on the dollar) and provide tens of trillions in ZIRP funds.

From Oct2008 congressional hearings into the credit agency ratings, it was possible to make no-documented liar loans and mortgages, securitize, pay for triple-A rating (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A) and sell everything off into the bond market (over $27T was done 2001-2008).

Early Jan2009, some of the organizations named for being involved in SECTREAS buying off-book toxic assets ... publicly talked about how hard it was going to value the securitized toxic loans and mortgages. Primarily there was lack of docmentation on which to base valuation (in part responsible for the 2008 sales of 22cents on the dollar) and the expectation that the TBTF required nearly 100% valuation in ordered to not be classified insolvent.

Note that not only were they paying rating agencies for triple-A (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A), but they also found that they could design securitized loans and mortgages to fail (pay for triple-A rating), sell off into the bond market and then take out (CDS) gambling bets that they would fail. The largest holder of these CDS gambling bets was AIG. From truth is stranger than fiction, AIG was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in, says they have to pay off at face value, take TARP funds for the payoffs, and sign a document that AIG can't sue those making the bets. The largest part of the $700B TARB funds was used by SECTREAS for AIG, and the largest recipient of CDS gambling bet face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

More truth is stranger than fiction, the largest fines & penalties as part of the economic mess was on the institutions running ROBO-SIGNING mills to fabricate the missing documents on the (no-document, liar) loans and mortgages.

The FEDRES fought hard legal battle to prevent disclosing that they were bailing out the TBTF behind the scenes. When they lost, chairman Bernanke held press conference and said that he had expected the TBTF to use ZIRP funds to help mainstreet. When they didn't he had no way to force them, but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds (they were making hundreds of billions per annum off of buying treasuries with the ZIRP funds). Note Bernanke was in part selected for having been a depression era scholar when the FEDRES had tried something similar with similar results, so there should have been no expectations that the results would be different this time.

whistleblower posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
posts mentioning Too Big To Fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning the fed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
toxic CDOs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
posts mentioning ZIRP funds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
Date: 4 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#40 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War

... originally Iraq2 invasion was justified on Iraq supporting (saudi wahhabi) Al-Qaeda and would only cost $50B (and could be recovered using Iraq oil) ... since Iraq was against Al-Qaeda, that was then changed to Iraq had WMDs.

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

In May2017, Fareed has segment on Saudi Arabia is supporting world wide Wahhabism ... which is "extreme" version of Islam ... including ISIS ... also something like 96% of world-wide extreme Islam terrorism is Wahhabi related and that Iran is one of the major forces fighting Wahhabi extremism (highlighting US war on terror supporting Saudi and opposing Iran).

You Can't Understand ISIS If You Don't Know the History of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/alastair-crooke/isis-wahhabism-saudi-arabia_b_5717157.html

Initially, families of 9/11 victims were prohibited suing the Saudi gov for 9/11 responsibility. That was changed in fall of 2013 ... apparently because of big uptic in fracking and getting off Saudi oil dependency.

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/

Bush's sordid Saudi ties set template for Trump - he was just more subtle, The former president has been widely praised for his command of foreign policy. The reality, writes the author of House of Bush, House of Saud, was much more complex - and dark
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/dec/04/george-hw-bush-saudi-arabia-donald-trump
After his presidency was over, Bush and a number of his former cabinet officers also began participating in the Carlyle Group, a giant private equity firm heavily funded by Saudi billionaires - including the Saudi family of Osama bin Laden. As I reported in House of Bush, House of Saud, in the end, nearly $1.5bn made its way from the Saudis to individuals and institutions tied to the extended family of Bush cabinet officials and associates.
... snip ...

note the rapidly spreading "success of culture" after the turn of the century involved gov. outsourcing
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
... intelligence 70% of the budget and half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us especially
gov. contractors and beltway bandits bought up by PE firms, in theory gov. contract money isn't allowed to be used to lobby congress, however it appears to be laundered when pushed up to PE owners, then hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

Oil and troubled waters. Martin Jacques is intrigued, if a little disturbed, by House of Bush, House of Saud, Craig Unger's investigation into America's foreign relations
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2004/jul/31/highereducation.news
House of Bush, House of Saud: The Secret Relationship Between the World's Two Most Powerful Dynasties
https://www.amazon.com/House-Bush-Saud-Relationship-Dynasties-ebook/dp/B000FC1BKG/

Success of Failure posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failuree
private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
WMD posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

recent posts mentioning wahhabi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#52 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#73 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#25 Radical Muslim
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#26 Radical Muslim
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#70 Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#85 Just and Unjust Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#105 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#113 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#124 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#135 Permanent Record
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#143 "Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 04 May 2021 17:45:07 -1000
Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
after two semester hr intro to fortran/computers ... got student job to reimplement 1401 MPIO (tape<->unit record, i.e. unit record front end for 709) in 360 assembler (360/30 temporary replaces 1401 on way to upgrading 709/1401 to 360/67). univ. shutdown datacenter from 8am sat until 8am mon and I could have the whole place to myself for 48hrs straight (360/30 as my personal computer). I got to design & implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, etc.

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#27 Learning EBCDIC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#38 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#39 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs

one of the things I fairly quickly learned coming in 8am sat morning, was to clean all the tape drives, and then take the 2540 printer/punch apart and clean it ... clean 1403, etc.

the other issue was sometimes datacenter operations finished early and when I came in at 8am, everything was dark and powered off. sometimes trying to power on 360/30, it wouldn't come up. thru trial and error, i learned to put all the control units into ce mode ... power them on individual, power on the 360/30 and then take each controller out of ce mode.

other drift; mit lincoln labs was 1st installation (after science center) for installation of cp67 (univ. where i was responsible for systems was next after lincoln labs). Lincoln labs had done their own 360 monitor with lots of functions (including unit record<->tape) as LLMPS ... and made it available via SHARE program library
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)

Most installations getting 360/67 for tss/360 just fell back to using it as 360/65 with os/360. However both Stanford and Univ. of Michigan wrote their own virtual memory operating systems (for 360/67). UM started off by scaffolding MTS off the LLMPS monitor.

Some information about LLMPS
https://web.archive.org/web/20221216212415/http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/discussions/anecdotes-comments-observations/8-1someinformationaboutllmps
Did anything of LLMPS remain as part of UMMPS?
https://web.archive.org/web/20221216212415/http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/discussions/anecdotes-comments-observations/8didanythingofllmpsremainaspartofummps

other MTS refs:
https://web.archive.org/web/20221216212415/http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/
https://web.archive.org/web/20221216212415/http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/documentation
https://web.archive.org/web/20221216212415/http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/myths
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michigan_Terminal_System
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html
http://mtswiki.westwood-tech.com/mtswiki-index.php

past posts mentioning LLMPS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#15 unit record & other controllers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#23 MTS & LLMPS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#25 MTS & LLMPS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#26 MTS & LLMPS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#15 S/360 operating systems geneaology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#89 Ux's good points.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#0 TSS ancient history, was X86 ultimate CISC? designs)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#55 TSS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#45 Valid reference on lunar mission data being unreadable?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#89 TSS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#54 SHARE MVT Project anniversary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#64 PLX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#41 SLAC 370 Pascal compiler found
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#31 someone looking to donate IBM magazines and stuff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#16 Xah Lee's Unixism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#20 RISCs too close to hardware?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#56 Software for IBM 360/30
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#41 PDP-1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#42 Why Didn't The Cent Sign or the Exclamation Mark Print?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#54 new 40+ yr old, disruptive technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#18 Folklore references to CP67 at Lincoln Labs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#23 T3 Sues IBM To Break its Mainframe Monopoly
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#85 IBM Floating-point myths
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#76 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#25 VM370 40yr anniv, CP67 44yr anniv
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#50 curly brace languages source code style quides
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#92 DEBE?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#35 Remember 3277?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#6 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#30 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#100 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#26 DEBE?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 05 May 2021 07:44:44 -1000
Louis Krupp <lkrupp@invalid.pssw.com.invalid> writes:
There was a time I could have written a program to punch a deck of cards with every EBCDIC character and another program that would read the deck in binary (Burroughs had a way of doing that) and then print a table with all 256 characters and their corresponding punch codes but it's too late now.

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#38 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#39 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#43 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs

... while 709 was BCD for character, the equivalent of 360 TXT (output from assemblers & compilers) was "column binary" ... two six bit "bytes" in each card 12 row column ... so the 360 card read/punch equipment had "column binary" compatibility mode. Rewriting 1401 MPIO front-end for 360/30 ... I had to handle both BCD & "column binary" input & output. Column binary would map to two 360 bytes ... or 80 column card was 160 (360) bytes.

"green card" has 2540 CCWs ... green card IOS3270 that I redid in HTML shows (same) CCWs for 3525
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#23
i.e. "data mode": 0-EBCDIC, 1-Card image

I could read in EBCDIC and if I got "error" (i.e. invalid hole combination) reread in column binary.

other trivia: biggest computer goof ever, from (IBM) father of ASCII (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM
The culprit was T. Vincent Learson. The only thing for his defense is that he had no idea of what he had done. It was when he was an IBM Vice President, prior to tenure as Chairman of the Board, those lofty positions where you believe that, if you order it done, it actually will be done. I've mentioned this fiasco elsewhere.
...
I mention this because it is a classic software mistake. IBM was going to announce the 360 in 1964 April as an ASCII machine, but their printers and punches were not ready to handle ASCII, and IBM just HAD to announce. So T.V. Learson (my boss's boss) decided to do both, as IBM had a store of spendable money. They put in the P-bit. Set one way, it ran in EBCDIC. Set the other way, it ran in ASCII.
... snip ...

some recent MPIO and/or bobbemer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#75 Nostalgia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#77 Nostalgia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#86 OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#15 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#104 OS/360 PCP JCL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#63 EBCDIC Bad History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#42 SCP of file to USS from Mac is corrupted
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#58 So much for THAT excuse | Computerworld SHARK TANK
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#75 CP67 & EMAIL history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#14 The PDP11 and subsequent influences
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#39 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#19 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#7 IBM timesharing terminal--offline preparation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#81 Keypunch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#92 EBCDIC Trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#27 Learning EBCDIC

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 05 May 2021 09:13:55 -1000
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
Sure, the IBM card is the same way, you can punch any of the 256 values. But IBM didn't assign characters to all the positions. A big mistake in my opinion. To this day, when you ftp data from a mainframe with ebcdic-ascii translation, you're going to lose some data because IBM didn't assign characters to all the positions and didn't have the imagination to pick arbitrary, unique values.

re: re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#38 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#39 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#43 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#44 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs

trivia: CP67 as delivered to univ had terminal support for 1052 & 2741 ... including being able to automagically doing terminal type on each line/port (by using terminal controller "SAD" CCW to switch terminal type line scanner type for the line and seeing what data worked and what didn't). Univ. had some number of TTY33s ... so I had to add ASCII TTY support, translate tables between ASCII<->EBCDIC and also extended the automagic terminal type identification to TTY.

I then wanted to extend automagic terminal type to dial-up ... being able to have single dialup number for all terminals ... single "hunt group" dial-in number
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting

it almost worked ... except overlooked that IBM had taken short-cut in the terminal controllers and while the terminal type line scanner could be switched for every line, line speed was hard wired (tty line speed different from 1052&2741). This was somewhat motivation for univ. to start its own clone terminal controller project, build a channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate IBM terminal controller ... with the addition it could do automagic terminal line speed.

One of the first testing bugs was IBM channel had max. duration that each controller could hold the channel (& memory bus). 360/67 had high speed clock that updated storage location 80 every 13microseconds. If clock went to update memory with timer tic and a previous timer tic memory update was still pending, it would "red light" and the processor stop. Channel interface board had to make sure it released the channel interface (and memory bus) at least once every time tic interval.

The next was overlooked that IBM terminal controllers was doing bit-reversed ascii ... leading bit went in the byte low order bit position ... so every ascii character arriving in memory was bit reversed pattern (and similarly on transmission) ... and IBM translate tables had to handle the byte bit-reversed convention (note that IBM "selectric" terminals didn't actually do EBCDIC ... they did tilt-rotate code to select position on the selectric typeball, so had to do EBCDIC<->tilt/rotate ... and account for the byte bit-reversed convention).

I also had to somewhat arbritarily select mappings between EBCDIC characters that weren't in ASCII ... especially for CMS line-editing cent-sign. at-sign, "@" was "character-delete" , lower-case on far right of keyboard; "line-delete" was cent-sign, upper case on the same key, but no ascii equivalent. TTY had left&right bracket on same key at same keyboard location ... so guess what I choose?

Interdata (later Perkin-Elmer) were selling the boxes as IBM clone controller and four of us get written up as responsible for (some part of) the IBM clone controller business.

When I was doing the TTY code ... I played some games with one byte length values (even tho they were two byte fields). Later Van Vleck
https://www.multicians.org/thvv/
was supporting CP67/CMS system at the MIT Urban Systems lab (USL) and he patched the max. ASCII line length to 1200(?), I think for ascii plotter device done at Harvard ... which the one byte stuff resulted in wrong length calculation which overran the buffer and crashed CP/67 27times in single day.
https://www.multicians.org/thvv/360-67.html

trivia: IBM Science Center (& Multics/project mac) were in 545 tech sq, USL was in tech square bldg on the opposite side of the quad ... and Land's two story Polaroid bldg was on the street side between the two bldgs (science center offices on the 4th flr overlooked Land's balcony ... one day we watched Land taking pictures of a model with the unannounced SX-70).

other trivia: IBM later would have had to have two different EBCDIC<->ASCII translate tables ... one for terminals with bit-reversed ASCII (terminal controller) convention and another for straight ASCII.

clone controller posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm
science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SitRep: Is the F-35 officially a failure? Cost overruns, other issues prompt Air Force to look for "clean sheet" fighter

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: SitRep: Is the F-35 officially a failure? Cost overruns, other issues prompt Air Force to look for "clean sheet" fighter
Date: 5 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
SitRep: Is the F-35 officially a failure? Cost overruns, other issues prompt Air Force to look for "clean sheet" fighter.
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2021/04/sitrep-is-the-f-35-now-officially-a-failure/
In February, the Air Force lifted the curtains on plans to buy a brand-new aircraft to replace the F-16 Fighting Falcon. Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. C.Q. Brown said the service is looking at buying what he called a "clean sheet" fighter in 2023, using lessons learned from the efforts behind the recently acquired T-7A Red Hawk trainer. But that plan may have some difficulty taking flight because the Air Force was supposed to already have an F-16 replacement--the F-35A Lightning II.
...
The "high-low mix" concept, born out of the group of Air Force reformers sometimes called the "Fighter Mafia"--Cols. John Boyd, Thomas Christie, Franklin "Chuck" Spinney, and Pierre Sprey--sought to fix the death spiral of fighter aircraft development cost and complexity by augmenting a few expensive, high-capability aircraft built for air superiority with a larger number of less-complicated and less-expensive aircraft that could handle basic air defense, strike missions, and close air support. In the 1970s, the "high" was the F-15 Eagle, and the "low" was the multirole F-16 Fighting Falcon. The Navy followed suit with the F-14 Tomcat as its "high" and the F/A-18 Hornet as a less-expensive "low."
... snip ...

... note in the 80s, Boyd would talk about a fighter that was much cheaper and simpler than the F-16 ... F-5 follow-on ... F-20 "tiger shark" ... supposedly something like ten times the planes in the air per dollar (combination of more planes for same amount of money and more flying hrs per maintenance hr). Not being able to sell domestically, they tried foreign countries. However the story was that for every foreign candidate country, the F-16 forces managed to get congress to make ("directed appropriation") USAID available (that could only be spent on F-16s). The candidate countries supposedly claimed that while F-20 was better suited for their purposes, it was a trade-off of spending their own money or getting "free" F-16s.

boyd posts & urls
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/02/the-bunker-a-funny-thing-happened-on-the-way-to-the-runway/
After decades of hearing about gold-plated aircraft like the B-2, F-22, and F-35, it's refreshing to see that the Air Force is banking hard toward a new lower-cost fighter. "I don't know that it actually would be the F-16," General Charles "CQ" Brown, the service's chief of staff, said February 17. "Actually, I want to be able to build something new and different that's not the F-16." Admittedly, The Bunker has a soft spot for the tried-and-true Fighting Falcon, given that it was the first fighter* he ever flew. But its punch-price ratio is tough to beat, which is one reason why 27 nations around the world have flown the agile aircraft since the Air Force took delivery of the first one in 1979
... snip ...

Did They Miss Yet Another F-35 Cost Overrun? by Winslow Wheeler
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/04/26/did-they-miss-yet-another-f-35-cost-overrun/
On Thursday, April 22, two subcommittees of the House Armed Services Committee held a joint hearing on the F-35. The hearing covered multiple F-35 cost issues, but strangely, no one discussed or asked about an apparent $63 billion cost overrun for the acquisition of the F-35. The data is in a Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation (CAPE) report (titled "Independent Cost Estimate" [ICE]) sent to the Committee last July and publically reported last September by Bloomberg News. The $63 billion acquisition overrun - derived by some simple arithmetic with two data points in the ICE - suggests that F-35 acquisition could possibly have tripped the preliminary 15% growth tripwire specified in the Nunn-McCurdy Act intended to alert Congress to such cost increases.
... snip ...

Air Force's 'Skyborg' AI System Flies for First Time in Mako Drone
https://www.military.com/daily-news/2021/05/05/air-forces-skyborg-ai-system-flies-first-time-mako-drone.html
The Air Force's first Skyborg autonomous drone prototype made its first flight
https://www.defensenews.com/air/2021/05/05/the-air-forces-first-skyborg-autonomous-drone-prototype-made-its-first-flight/
The F-16's Replacement Won't Have a Pilot at All. Somehow, Skyborg will be an operational weapon system in just three years.
https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/aviation/a33264422/us-combat-jet-drone/
Air Force's 'Skyborg' Robotic Wingman Will Revolutionize How Air Warfare Is Waged--And How Weapons Are Bought
https://www.forbes.com/sites/lorenthompson/2020/08/28/air-forces-skyborg-robotic-wingman-will-revolutionize-how-air-warfare-is-waged-and-how-weapons-are-bought/#522378856e76
Understanding the Promise of Skyborg and Low-Cost Attritable Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
https://www.mitchellaerospacepower.org/single-post/understanding-the-promise-of-skyborg-and-low-cost-attritable-unmanned-aerial-vehicles

recent F-35 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#17 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#117 F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#2 FY18 budget deal yields life-sustaining new wings for the A-10 Warthog
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#19 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#68 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#74 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#76 Why the F-35 Isn't Good Enough for Japan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#109 JSF/F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#20 Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#52 Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#31 Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#118 Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#102 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#11 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#82 The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#0 THE PENTAGON'S FLYING FIASCO. Don't look now, but the F-35 is afterburnered toast
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#77 Cancel the F-35, Fund Infrastructure Instead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#18 Did They Miss Yet Another F-35 Cost Overrun?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#35 US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Recode 1401 MPIO for 360/30

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Recode 1401 MPIO for 360/30
Date: 5 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
after taking two semester hr intro to fortran/computers, I was hired as student programmer. Univ had been sold 360/67 for tss/360 to replace their 709/1401. Interim before 360/67 came in, the 1401 was replaced with 360/30. I was hired to rewrite 1401 MPIO (did unit record<->tape frontend for 709) in 360 assembler. I was to learn 360 principles of ops, 360 assembler, 360 hardware, design and implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage manager, etc. The univ would shutdown the datacenter from 8am sat. until 8am mon and I had the whole place to myself for 48hrs straight (although 48hrs w/o sleep could make monday morning classes a little hard).

One of the first things I came to learn was before starting, clean all the tape drives, take apart the 2540 reader/punch and clean it, put it back together, clean the 1403 printer, etc (prowling around rack of IBM CE manuals in the machine room). Sometimes the operators had finished early and when I came in 8am sat., everything was powered off and dark ... and had to power it all back on. Periodically ran into problem where 360/30 hung and wouldn't complete powering on. More prowling IBM CE manuals and trial&error, found that I could put all the controllers in CE mode, individually power them on, power on the 360/30 ... and then take the controllers out of CE mode. After a couple months I had 2000 (assembler) card/statement program with conditional assembly statement that either generated the stand-alone version or the OS/360 version. The stand-alone version took about 30mins to assembler and the OS/360 version took an hour (DCB macros each took 5+mins to assemble, could even see when the assembler hit the DCB macros, could do card->tape and tape->printer/punch concurrently ... needed five DCBs, one for output tape and one for input tape, and one each for reader, punch & printer). This was somewhere around PCP v6(?).

Then I was hired fulltime responsible for mainframe systems within year of taking intro class ... one of first things was doing MFT v9.5 sysgen for 360/67 (running as 360/65, tss/360 never quite coming to production fruition). Then added HASP. With MFT v11 sysgen would tear stage2 card deck apart, reorging everything to carefully place datasets and PDS library members to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search. Also had enough 2314 drives that I could start doing sysgens (mostly) in production jobstream (rather than needing stand alone dedicated time with the "starter system").

recent posts mentioning MPIO:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#86 OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#104 OS/360 PCP JCL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#75 CP67 & EMAIL history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#14 The PDP11 and subsequent influences
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#19 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#81 Keypunch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#27 Learning EBCDIC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#38 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#43 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#44 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Our Lives Don't Matter.' India's Female Community Health Workers Say the Government Is Failing to Protect Them From COVID-19

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'Our Lives Don't Matter.' India's Female Community Health Workers Say the Government Is Failing to Protect Them From COVID-19
Date: 6 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
'Our Lives Don't Matter.' India's Female Community Health Workers Say the Government Is Failing to Protect Them From COVID-19
https://time.com/6045836/india-covid-19-healthcare-workers-asha/

... in the US, private-equity moved into health care, hospitals, nursing/retirement homes, squeezing them for every possible penny. PE LBO buyouts borrow 100% for purchase and then put loan on the bought companies books, besides being squeezed for every possible penny, they are also on the hook for enormous debt payments ... over half corporate defaults are corporations in PE mill ... what is funny is that it never seems to hurt the credit rating of the original PE borrower.

How Private Equity Is Ruining American Health Care. Investors have been buying up doctor's offices, cutting costs, and, critics say, putting pressure on physicians in ways that hurt patients. The pandemic could make things even worse.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2020-05-20/private-equity-is-ruining-health-care-covid-is-making-it-worse
Private Equity-Backed Nursing Homes Are Bad for Patients, Research Shows. Researchers at New York University and the University of Pennsylvania say that staff cuts appear to be the cause of declines in patient health.
https://www.institutionalinvestor.com/article/b1kq79bp4nv79t/Private-Equity-Backed-Nursing-Homes-Are-Bad-for-Patients-Research-Shows
Firing of Whistleblowing Emergency Room Doctor Ming Lin By Blackstone-Owned TeamHealth Demonstrates Outsized Role of Private Equity in Hospital Staffing
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2020/03/firing-of-whistleblowing-emergency-room-doctor-ming-lin-by-blackstone-owned-teamhealth-demonstrates-outsized-role-of-private-equity-in-hospital-staffing.html

Push for Profits Left Nursing Homes Struggling to Provide Care. Some with private equity owners, focused on making money, were particularly ill equipped and understaffed to handle Covid-19.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/07/business/coronavirus-nursing-homes.html
Decades of ownership by private equity and other private investment firms left many U.S. nursing homes with staggering bills and razor-thin margins. When the pandemic struck, they were particularly ill equipped.
... snip ...

private-equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
Date: 6 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Whatever Happened to Six Sigma? As GE began its long, slow decline, so did the popularity of the once dominant management system.
https://getpocket.com/explore/item/whatever-happened-to-six-sigma

... optimizing/perfecting duplicating/repetitive operation ... part of bureaucracy preserving status quo over decades & centuries ... arch-enemy of innovation and adaptation.

Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
https://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-Decline-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I/
pg187/loc3667-70:
When Welch took over GE in 1980, it was the ninth most profitable company in the nation. Now it was first, second, or third. Shareholder value reached $500 billion, more than any other company in America. The stock price was Welch's personal measure of achievement, though he later denied it. The boom of the late 1990s on balance sent the wrong message to American managers: cut costs rather than innovate. Despite its appeal, In Search of Excellence had little true staying power.

pg191/loc3754-60:
In 1977, GE Capital, as it was later called, generated $67 million in revenue with only seven thousand employees, while appliances that year generated $100 million and required 47,000 workers. He hired better managers and supplied GE Credit with a lot of capital, and he had built-in scale--meaning large size--due to GE's assets size and triple-A credit rating. In time, GE Capital became a full-fledged bank, financing all kinds of commercial loans, issuing mortgages and other consumer loans, and becoming a leader in mortgage-backed securities. By the time Welch left in 2000, GE Capital's earnings had grown by some eighty times to well more than $5 billion, while the number of its employees did not even double. It provided half of GE's profits.

pg192/loc3777-79:
In a few brief sentences, Welch had defined a new age for big business. He introduced short-run profit management to GE, understanding that stock market investors trusted little so well as rising profits every calendar quarter. It became the best indication of a company's quality, making it stand out in good times and bad.
... snip ...

.... basically the new corporate mantra was financial engineering ... more financial engineering

pg199/loc3919-25:
Over his tenure, he cut back significantly on research and development--by some 20 percent in the 1990s. In 1993, he told BusinessWeek, "We feel that we can grow within a business, but we are not interested in incubating new businesses." GE Capital itself was built through countless acquisitions. As the CNNMoney writers put it, "Consider first what the company really is. Its strength and curse is that it looks a lot like the economy. Over the decades GE's well-known manufacturing businesses--jet engines, locomotives, appliances, light bulbs--have shrunk as a proportion of the total. Like America, GE has long been mainly in the business of services. The most important and profitable services it offers are financial."

pg200/pg3935-41:
He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.
... snip ...

... GE Capital & its securitized mortgages took down the company.

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
Date: 6 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#49">Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?</a>

... also

pg199/loc3909-13:
GE Capital also enabled GE to manage its quarterly earnings, engaging in the last couple of weeks of every calendar quarter in various trades that could push earnings up on the last day or two before the quarter's end. It was an open secret on Wall Street that this was how Welch consistently kept quarterly earnings rising for years at a time. "Though earnings management is a no-no among good governance types," wrote two CNNMoney financial editors, "the company has never denied doing it, and GE Capital is the perfect mechanism."
... snip ...

How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20171015201012/http://moneyweek.com/how-to-spot-bad-stocks-beware-high-achiever-ceo/
Rarely enforced SEC rules may give green light to earnings manipulation
http://www.marketwatch.com/story/past-enforcement-suggests-proposed-clawback-rules-lack-teeth-2015-09-28

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
Date: 6 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#40 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War

includes many OODA-loop references
https://www.amazon.com/Blind-Strategist-John-Boyd-American-ebook/dp/B08YK1QQ3R/
loc181-83:
As the O–O–D–A loop could be applied beyond the experience of fighter pilots, Boyd looked for links with other forms of conflict. He ultimately wanted to know if the O–O–D–A loop could be applied to conflict in general and studied military history searching for a grand narrative to guide military success.
... snip ...

note: Boyd would present OODA-loop in terms of fingerspitzengefuhl and emphasize that obervations should be made from every possible facet (countermeasure to biases, aka observation, orientation, confirmation, cognitive, etc). I've suggested Boyd could plausibly have taken 1846 Halleck
https://www.amazon.com/Elements-Military-Instruction-Fortification-Embracing-ebook/dp/B004TPMN16/
loc5019-20:
A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.
... snip ...

changing "see" to "observe" and added "orientation" for experience and learning ... however Chet says he has seen no evidence that Boyd read Halleck

"The Attritionist Letters", in the style of the Screwtape Letters, some gazette copy at wayback machine (not all are there, even for wayback, some dropped behind subscription paywall)
https://web.archive.org/web/20160326155408/https://www.mca-marines.org/gazette/attritionist-letters-archives
https://web.archive.org/web/20131010112534/http://www.mca-marines.org/gazette/attritionist-letters-1
Some or all are on the gazzette website
https://mca-marines.org/gazette/the-attritionist-letters-1/
but all are here and more straight forward ... The Attritionist Letters, volleys in the long war for control of US military doctrine
https://fabiusmaximus.com/2011/05/11/27461/

Boyd posts and URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How America Became the Money Laundering Capital of the World

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How America Became the Money Laundering Capital of the World
Date: 10 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
How America Became the Money Laundering Capital of the World. The U.S. is the venue of choice for cartels and kleptocrats. Now lawmakers want to use an agency called FinCEN to do something about it.
https://newrepublic.com/article/162321/america-money-laundering-capital-fincen

2004, we were invited to EU conference of exchange and corporate presidents & CEOs about how Sarbanes-Oxley was starting to pollute EU corporations and gave a talk on how to subvert SOX. It was held in palace up on the hill in Lichtenstein and we stayed at 13th century inn down at the bottom on the hill. The Inn Keeper made jokes about lots of guest with business card "US Treasury, Dept. of Money Laundering" ... implying the agents were the ones doing the money laundering (Lichtenstein was on US money laundering list and conference appeared to be part of efforts to get off the list, although there were references that the money laundering operations were really just fronts for banks across the border). It was also as if the US just didn't want other countries competing for the money laundering business.

Note in the wake of the economic mess, there were numerous instances where Too Big To Fail were found to be money laundering ... but possibly because of all the efforts to keep them in (the fraud&criminal) business, their hands were slapped and asked to please stop doing it (instead of shutdown and the executives doing jail time).

as an aside, rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time, however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, they started doing reports of public company financial reporting fraud, even showing the reporting fraud increased after SOX went into effect (and nobody doing jail time). There were jokes that congress felt so badly about one of the big audit firms going out of business, that SOX was gigantic gift to the audit industry and was never intended to change anything. GAO references:
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-03-138
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-06-678
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-06-1053R
On July 24, 2006, we issued a report to Congress entitled, Financial Restatements: Update of Public Company Trends, Market Impacts, and Regulatory Enforcement Activities. That report included a listing of 1,390 financial restatement announcements that we identified as having been made because of financial reporting fraud and/or accounting errors between July 1, 2002, and September 30, 2005. As part of that work, Congress asked that we provide a limited update of that database for the period October 1, 2005, through June 30, 2006.
... snip ...

this special report appears to have been removed, although "search" can find other references & URLs for gao-06-1079sp on website, but clicking on them results in "404" ... but lives on at wayback machine
https://www.gao.gov/products/gao-06-1079sp
The database consists of two files: (1) a file that lists 1,390 restatement announcements that we identified as having been made because of financial reporting fraud and/or accounting errors between July 1, 2002, and September 30, 2005, and (2) a file that lists 396 restatement announcements that we identified as having been made because of financial reporting fraud and/or accounting errors between October 1, 2005, and June 30, 2006.
... snip ...

money laundering posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
sarbanes-oxley posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
financial report fraud posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud.fraud
enron posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Bush Team's Desperate Hunt for an Iraq Link to 9/11

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Bush Team's Desperate Hunt for an Iraq Link to 9/11
Date: 10 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Bush Team's Desperate Hunt for an Iraq Link to 9/11. How the CIA handled an obsession.
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2021/05/iraq-911-saddam-hussein-no-link-cia-bush-cheney-wolfowitz.html
A decade later, influential people inside the Bush administration thought Saddam Hussein being "against" the United States was reason enough to overthrow him. But the public, Congress, the U.N., and potential allies--they all needed more. And the administration wasn't yet rejecting the need for international support, even if it was headed that way. So it needed that casus belli, a cause for war serious enough to bring all those groups on board.
... snip ...

other recent refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#10 George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#11 George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#40 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#51 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War

WMD posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Learning PDP-11 in 2021

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Learning PDP-11 in 2021
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 May 2021 10:52:07 -1000
Andy Walker <anw@cuboid.co.uk> writes:
Indeed. We carved our computer room out of a basement that previously contained rather extravagant Ladies and Gents facilities. The puddles on the floor had been put down to the Gents being less than gentlemanly, so a raised floor was deemed unnecessary. However, next time it rained, more puddles. We rang the Works Dept, and said that unless something could be done in the next hour or so, some very expensive* computers were in danger. A pump was rapidly deployed and the danger averted. But it turned out that the [award- winning] building, by a Famous Architect, had been built over an un-noticed stream, which flooded every time it rained. Red faces in the FA's offices.

drift computer room flooding

new STL lab opened in the 70s (ref gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080512195924/http://www.ajnordley.com/IBM/Air/SVL/

the above article mentions the interior couryard between the towers and above "one of the largest computer machine rooms west of the Mississippi". it also mentions flooding of roads ... but when STL first opened, the computer room was also getting flooded when it rained.

STL also had a different problem opening. IBM had standard naming after closest Post Office, which was Coyote. However just prior to opening, the SanFran professional ladies Coyote organization was demonstrating in Wash DC gov. bldgs. The name was quickly changed to closest cross street, Santa Teresa (STL) ... more recently changed to Silicon Vally Lab (SVL).

In the 60s, as undergraduate, I took two semester hr intro to computers/fortran ... then within a year, I'm hired fulltime responsible for IBM systems. Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thought Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room ($200M-$300M in IBM 360s). There was also disaster plan to replicate renton up at the new 747 plant in Everett (747#3 was flying skies of Seattle getting FAA flt certification), where Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud slide takes out the datacenter. The analysis claimed that being w/o Renton for a week would cost Boeing more than the cost of replicating the datacenter.

recent BCS posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#25 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#2 Rise and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#77 Collins radio 1956
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#110 ROMP & Displaywriter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#45 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#67 IBM Education Classes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#19 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#34 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SHARE (& GUIDE)

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: SHARE (& GUIDE)
Date: 10 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)

In September 1999, GUIDE International, the other major IBM mainframe users group, ceased operation. Although SHARE did not formally take over GUIDE in the United States, many of the activities and projects that were undertaken under the aegis of GUIDE moved to SHARE, and GUIDE suggested to its members that they join SHARE. In August 2000, SHARE took over the guide.org domain name.

In 2005 SHARE's membership of 20,000 represented some 2,300 enterprise IBM customers.[6]

... snip ...

I attended SHARE for the univ before graduating and joining IBM (cambridge science center) ... (within a year of taking two semester hr intro to fortran/computers, univ. hires me fulltime to be responsible for IBM mainframe systems) ... and then a lot after graduating and joining IBM ... had also worked fulltime for Boeing CFO office before graduating (had been hired to help form Boeing Computer Services, consolidate all data processing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, just Renton datacenter had $200M-$300M in 360s, 360/65s arriving faster they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room)

co-worker at science center responsible for IBM internal network, technology later used for corporate sponsored univ BITNET network
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
later, we both transferred to san jose research "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
also Edson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
"It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

Starting in early 80s, I had HSDT project (T1 and faster computer links, both terrestrial and satellite) and working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies copying the CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary release
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSF & NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Communication group was fiercely fighting the release of mainframe TCP/IP support. When they failed, they changed their strategy and said that since communication group "OWNED" everything that crosses the datacenter walls, it had to be released through them. What ships gets 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then do enhancements for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, get 4341 channel throughput (mbyte/sec) using only nominal amount of 4341 cpu (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per 370 instruction executed) ... communication group is complaining about many of the things I was doing. Later communication group hires silicon valley contractors to implement TCP directly in VTAM. When he demos it, TCP was running much faster than LU6.2. He was told that everybody "knows" that LU6.2 is much faster than a "proper" TCP implementation ... and they would only be paying for a "proper" implementation. Somebody's comparison study of LU6.2 and NFS TCP ... showed that LU6.2 VTAM pathlength was something like 160K instructions and 15 buffer copies ... compared to (BSD) NFS TCP workstation pathlength was 5K instructions and five buffer copies.

RFC1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

At '88 Interop (santa clara convention center), I had PC/RT with megapel display in non-IBM booth (corner of center of main call at right angles to SUN booth, Case was in the SUN booth demo'ing SNMP ... and before show starts, convinces him to install it on PC/RT). Some gov. agencies were mandating that Internet be eliminated and agencies move to GOSIP, aka government OSI ... and there was OSI demo'ed in some of the booths.

interop '88 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88

trivia: TYMSHARE (offered vm370-based commercial online service) provided their CMS-based online computer conferencing system "free" to SHARE as VMSHARE starting in AUG1976 ... archives:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE files for putting up on IBM internal network & systems (including world-wide, online sales&marketing support HONE systems). The biggest trouble I had was with IBM lawyers who were concerned that internal employees would be contaminated with customer information (including that IBM executives might be telling internal labs what customers were saying ... which wasn't what they were actually saying).

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
Date: 11 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
some also reposted from:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#55 SHARE & Guide
and
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#3 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#4 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#13 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#14 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#15 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#16 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#24 IBM Internal Network

Last project we did at IBM was HA/CMP ... had been working with national labs on technical/scientific cluster scale-up and RDBMS vendors on commercial/DBMS cluster scale-up ... old reference to Jan1992 meeting in (oracle CEO) Ellison's conference room ... 16-way mid-92 and 128-way (aka 128 processors) YE-92. Then within a few weeks, cluster scale-up is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY* and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave a few months later.

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

A year or so later, we are brought in as consultants to a small client/server startup, two of the former Oracle people that we had worked with on cluster scale-up were there responsible for something called "commerce server" and they wanted to do payment transactions, also startup had invented this technology they called "SSL" that they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

payment gateway posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

I was also periodically doing some work with the IETF RFC editor, Postel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Postel
and he sponsored my talk at ISI & for USC grad students on "Why Internet Isn't Business Critial Dataprocessing" based on the compensating procedures and software that I had to do for "electronic commerce". trivia: I had absolute authority over everything regarding webservers to the financial industry payment networks side of the internet, but could only make recommendations on the browser side of the internet (which weren't particularly followed, despite all sorts of battles).

after having done electronic commerce, was asked to be serve on financial industry standards (X9) and the X9A10 working group which had been tasked with preserving the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments (brick&mortar, attended, unattended, internet, etc, i.e. *ALL*). Part of it was doing detailed end-to-end studies of how fraud and exploits happen.

x9a10 & x9.50 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

we then spent some time at financial industry critical infrastructure protection (meetings in white house annex).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection
Major issue was about making sure industry information sharing (about exploits) operations
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Financial_Services_Information_Sharing_and_Analysis_Center
were not subject to FOIA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_of_Information_Act_(United_States)
... they were primarily concerned about the public not learning how bad it is.

we were also brought in to help word smith some cal. state legislation. at the time they were working on electronic signature (which passes), data breach notification (also passes, 1st in the nation), and opt-in personal information sharing (preempted by opt-out personal information sharing provision in federal GLBA). Some of the participants were heavily into privacy issues and had done detail public surveys and the #1 issue was identity theft, primarily fraudulent financial transactions as a result of institutional breaches. There was very little being done about data breaches (large percentage were backend mainframe systems) and it was hoped the publicity from the notifications might prompt institutions to do something about it. An issue is entities normally take security measures in self protection ... however in the case of most data breaches, it wasn't the institutions at risk, it was primarily the public (institutions mostly concerned to obfuscate association between the breaches and resulting fraudulent financial transactions, including misdirection about other kinds of exploits in the press)

electronic signature posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification.notification
fraud, exploits, vulnerabilities, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud

critial infrastructure protection related posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay12.htm#25 Cyber Security In The Financial Services Sector
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#31 Electronic Safety and Soundness: A Four Pillar Approach; Public Policy Issues
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#7 The Digital Insider: Backdoor Trojans ... fyi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#11 Hannaford case exposes holes in law, some say
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#82 Data sharing among Industry players about frauds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#8 The end of the baby boomers, US bonds maturing, and then what?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#48 Bankers as Partners In Crime Stopping
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#47 Cyber crime 'more profitable than drugs'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#11 Banks should share cyber crime information IT PRO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#27 FBI: National data-breach law would help fight cybercrime
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#19 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#76 Mainframe hacking?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#18 Electronic Theft Costs Businesses More Than Physical Theft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#69 No command, and control
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#27 Measuring Cyberfraud, the fall rate of sky, and other metrics from the market for Silver Bullets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#23 Security 2012: Blood in the Water
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#45 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#48 Driver's licenses for the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#80 U.S. Cybersecurity Debate Risks Leaving Critical Infrastructure in the Dark
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#2 What are the implication of the ongoing cyber attacks on critical infrastructure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#5 What are the implication of the ongoing cyber attacks on critical infrastructure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#78 Millennials have been plugged in pretty much since birth, which naturally means they'd be more adept at understanding the tech world than Gen X or even Baby Boomers, right?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#13 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#19 SnOODAn: Boyd, Snowden, and Resilience
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#58 2012 History Conference
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#63 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#77 U.S. banks on high alert against cyberattacks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#20 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#10 EBCDIC and the P-Bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#65 The Real Snowden Question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#76 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#70 Alan Grayson: Is Keith Alexander Selling Classified Information to the Banks?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#100 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#15 Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#14 President to Issue Executive Order Encouraging Threat Intelligence Sharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#74 N.Y. Bank Regulator Says Third-Party Vendors Provide Backdoor to Hackers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#99 Cyber Threat Sharing is Great in Theory, But Tough in Practice
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#6 Repealing Glass-Steagall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#17 Cybercrime
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#96 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#102 Electronic Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#85 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#32 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#10 Graph database on z/OS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#56 Mexico Foiled a $110 Million Bank Heist, Then Kept It a Secret
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#94 Private sector needs a little sumthin' sumthin' to get it sharing threat intel - US security chap
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#10 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#4 Microsoft president asks Congress to force private-sector orgs to publicly admit when they've been hacked
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#87 Bizarre Career Events

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
Date: 11 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#56 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities

part3: I had rewritten a lot of CP67 (precursor to vm370) as undergraduate in the 60s and IBM would even periodically suggest things. Afterwards it has occurred to me some of the suggestions possibly originated from the gov. After joining IBM ... I was asked to teach all day classes at gov. agency that was large CP67 (and later VM370) user. Not long later, IBM got a new CSO ... had come from gov. service (at one time head of presidential detail) and I was asked to run around with him some and talk about computer security (while a little bit of physical security rubs off). Old reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

Before 370 virtual memory was announced, there was an IBM virtual memory document leak to the press. One of the outcomes of the search for the leak, was all copiers were retrofitted with unique number ID (under the glass) that shows up on all copied pages (making it possible to at least narrow leak documents to a specific copying machine). Not long later, during Future System ... they tried to eliminate hardcopy, making all FS documents softcopy on specially secured VM370 systems (only specific 3270 terminals with kneecapped CMS that was only able to display documents). During FS, internal politics was shutting down 370 efforts (credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold), however I continued to work on 360&370 stuff ... and periodically ridiculing FS activities. Note the morph of CP67 to VM370, significantly simplified and/or eliminated many features (including CP67 SMP, multiprocessor support and many of the things I had done as undergraduate). Eventually I got started migrating lots of CP67 stuff to VM370. some old archived email refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

At one point, I have some weekend 370 time in datacenter ... that had one of the specially secured (FS document) VM370 systems. I went in Friday afternoon to make sure everything is ready for the weekend. They start haranguing me that even if I was left alone in the machine room all weekend, I couldn't get around the security ... eventually I succumbed (one of the very few times). I said what I'm going to do will only take a few seconds, but first they had to disable all terminals outside the machine room. I then used the front panel to locate the password routine and patch the branch instruction after the compare for valid password ... so whatever typed is considered valid.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
Future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Something shows up over 30 years later that I considered analogous. Card associations were developing chipcard originally for the EU market (in theory allowing authenticated transactions done offline because of the significant telco tariffs). Their chip guys focused on lost/stolen card ... the retail card terminal would "authenticate" the chip (using "static" data) and then ask the chip if the user has entered a valid PIN (as countermeasure to lost/stolen card), then the terminal asks the card if the transaction can be done offline and then if the transaction is authorized. At cartes2002 ... trip report gone 404, but lives at wayback machine "YES CARD" reference at the end
https://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html
Skimmers for magstripe static data was also collecting chip static data. Then it was possible to get blank chipcards (similar to blank magstripe cards) programmed with the static data and to answer "YES" to all terminal questions (always correct PIN, always offline, always authorized).

skimming/harvesting posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#harvest

Note that there was a large pilot of the EU chipcard deployed in the US in 2000 ... and I had several times tried to explain to them several problems ... but they went ahead with pilot anyway. I've commented that they were so preoccupied with the lost/stolen card countermeasures, that they weren't able to cognitively process explanations about other kinds of exploits. Then as the "YES CARD" exploits started to appear ... all evidence of the pilot disappears/evaporates ... and it was predicted that it would be a long time before it is tried in the US again (more than 15yrs later). At 2003 ATM (cash machine) Integrity Task Force meeting, somebody from secret service went into more detail about "YES CARD" exploit and somebody in the audience quips that you mean that the industry spent billions of dollars to prove chips are less secure than magstripe!! (i.e. magstripe countermeasure is to invalidate that account number, for "YES CARD", invalidating the account number has no effect because the transaction occurs offline, and bank doesn't see it until much later). I'm not even allowed to say "I told you so". It was just one of the things identified in the X9A10 end-to-end investigation from the mid-90s ... X9 and X9A10 mentioned in previous post, and covered by our X9.59 transaction standard, I also did design and get prototype chips that have none of the EU vulnerabilities.

"YES CARD" posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
Date: 11 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#56 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#57 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities

Early 80s, I had HSDT project with T1 and faster computer links (both terrestrial and satellite). One of the difference between internal network and internet, was corporate required all company links had to be encrypted. All sort of problems with national agencies about link encryption especially when links crossed national boundaries (mid-80s, major link encryption vendor claims that the IBM internal network had more than half of all link encryptors in the world).

I really hated what I had to pay for T1 (1.5mbits/sec, EU 2mbits/sec) encryptors and it was nearly impossible to get faster encryptors ... so I got involved in doing our own ... objective was <$100 to make, handle at least 3mbytes/sec (mbytes, not mbits). The corporate crypto group then said it significantly weakened the crypto standard. It took me 3months to figure out how to explain to them rather than weaker, it was much stronger. It was hollow victory, I was then told there was only one entity in the world that can use such crypto ... I could make as many as I wanted, but they all had to be sent to an address in Maryland. It was when I realized that there were three kinds of crypto: 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, 3) the kind you can only do for them.

hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

past posts mentioning three kinds of crypto.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#8 IBM Travel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#70 IBM/BMI/MIB
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How climate change skepticism held a government captive

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How climate change skepticism held a government captive
Date: 11 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
How climate change skepticism held a government captive. In her new book, reporter Marian Wilkinson uncovers the network of politicians, business leaders and others who have wielded huge influence over Australia's climate policy for more than two decades.
https://www.icij.org/inside-icij/2021/05/how-climate-change-skepticism-held-a-government-captive/

... can you say "Merchants of Doubt"?
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/
https://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt

some of the same scientists payed by the tobacco industry to write articles down playing the link between smoking and lung cancer, later showup in "Team B" studies inflating Soviet military and also down playing climate change.

How the oil industry made us doubt climate change
https://www.bbc.com/news/stories-53640382
As climate change becomes a focus of the US election, energy companies stand accused of trying to downplay their contribution to global warming. In June, Minnesota's Attorney General sued ExxonMobil, among others, for launching a "campaign of deception" which deliberately tried to undermine the science supporting global warming. So what's behind these claims? And what links them to how the tobacco industry tried to dismiss the harms of smoking decades earlier?
... snip ...

merchants of doubt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt
team b posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
Date: 12 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#56 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#57 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#58 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities

There was the case of a too big to fail outsourcing Y2K remediation to the lowest bidder (later found to be front for organized crime outfit) that put in (large millions over period of time) stealth wire transfers to offshore banks that can be activated by an ATM (cash machine) transaction with specific values.

... sort of like the old line of why do crooks rob banks ... because that is where the money is ... why do crooks attack bank mainframes ... because that is where the money is (and financial institutions go to great lengths to keep it out of the press).

... and there is the old magician trick of misdirection ... talking about all the exploit countermeasures (and not about all the actual exploits).

posts mentioning risks, fraud, exploits, threats, vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud
posts mentioning too big to fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

past posts mentioning TBTF outsourcing Y2k remediation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#26 Trojan horse attack involving many major Israeli companies, executives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#83 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#53 Of interest to the Independent Contractors on the list
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#41 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#44 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#69 No command, and control
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#49 Does outsourcing cause data loss?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#90 Query for Destination z article -- mainframes back to the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#20 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#95 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#63 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#91 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#21 Hackers stole from 100 banks and rigged ATMs to spew cash
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#74 N.Y. Bank Regulator Says Third-Party Vendors Provide Backdoor to Hackers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#0 Leap seconds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Performance Monitoring, Analysis, Simulation, etc

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Performance Monitoring, Analysis, Simulation, etc
Date: 12 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
After I joined IBM Cambridge Science Center, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal systems (including the world-wide sales & marketing support HONE system) ... which started out of CP67/CMS ... science center also had ported APL\360 to CMS as CMS\APL ... and had to do a lot of work adapting APL to large virtual memory environments. Science center also did a lot of the early work on system monitoring, analysis, optimization, and capacity planning.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

One of the early tools was tracking instruction and storage references (that I helped implement) ... and was used to analyze APL\360 and work needed to be done for large virtual memory as part of CMS\APL (execution hotspots as well as memory/storage use patterns). Then a more detailed analysis program was written that did semi-automated program reorganization for virtual memory and was used by a lot of internal IBM development groups for mobing to 16mbyte virtual memoy environment (large applications running on DOS/VS, VS1, VS2 ... subsystems, compilers, DBMS, IMS, CICS, etc). It was eventually released to customers as VS/Repack.

Another was an analytical system model implemented in APL (including workload and configuration profiling ... evolving into capacity planning). Several flavors were done. One was made available on HONE as the Performance Predictor, customer workload and configuration information was entered and could ask questions about what happens with changes to workloads and/or configurations (frequently used as part of proposals for new hardware). After US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto and expanded to largest single system image, loosely-coupled, shared DASD with load-balancing and fall-over ... a version was used to have constant feed of all system activity and make the load-balancing decisions (I then added multiprocessor support to VM370 release 3, originally for HONE so they could add a 2nd CPU to each system).

HONE posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
SMP, tightly-coupled multiprocessor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

I had also done a lot of work on dynamic adaptive resource management for CP67 as undergraduate that IBM shipped. In the morph of CP67->VM370 lots of stuff was dropped and/or greatly simplified (hardware multiprocessor support, dynamic adaptive resource management, lots of my other stuff).

23Jun1969 Unbundling announcement started charging for SE services, (application) software, maint. etc. One of the issues was part of SE education was sort of apprentice as part of large team at the customer ... however IBM couldn't figure out how not to charge for those SEs. This was the original motivation for HONE, SEs in branch offices online working (aka the original "HANDS ON" part of HONE) with guest operating systems in CP67 virtual machines. However, with the availability of CMS\APL and sales&market support applications ... that came to dominate all HONE activity and working with guest operating systems withered away. IBM had also made the business case that operating system software should still be free.

23jun1969 unbundling posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling

During the "Future System" period in the 1st half of the 70s ... completely different than 370 and was intended to completely replace 370 ... internal politics was shutting down 370 efforts (the lack of new 370 efforts during FS period is credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold ... and also huge spike in IBM sales&marketing FUD activity). With the demise of FS, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipeline ... which contributed to decision to pick up a lot of my internal enhancements to ship to customers. Also with the rise of clone makers, the unbundling decision was changed to starting to charge for operating system software ... and my dynamic adaptive resource manager was selected for guinea pig (and I got to spend a lot of time with the lawyers and business people).

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
dynamic adaptive resource manager posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

I had done a lot of work with automated benchmarking and synthetic workloads that could be configured to match different profiles. For the release of my resource manager did 2000 automated benchmarks that took three months elapsed time to run. The first 1000 benchmarks were selected to be uniformly distributed over possible space of workloads and configuration ... as well as feeding detailed statistics to a (different) modified version of the performance predictor ... which would predict what the benchmark results would be and then check the actual run results with the predicted. This was used to help validate my dynamic adaptive algorithms as well as the APL predictive modeling. The 2nd 1000 benchmark configuration&workload profiles were selected by the "APL model" searching for anomalous and/or edge conditions (select some point that looked interesting that wasn't in previous runs, predict what the result should be, make the run, and see if the results matched the prediction).

automated benchmarking posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#benchmark

trivia: some expert from corporate reviewed resource manager prior to release and said that the "state of the art" was lots of manual tuning knobs (MVS at the time had hundreds) and he wouldn't approve the release w/o manual tuning knobs. I tried to explain what dynamic adaptive means ... but he didn't understand ... so I added some manual tuning knobs ... with a twist. All the documentation and source code showed exactly what the manual tuning knobs ... values included in all the formulas. What I didn't mention is somewhat borrowed from OR "degrees of freedom" ... whatever value was selected for manually, the dynamic code could compensate.

... trivia ... years later after leaving IBM, around turn of century ... was brought into a large financial outsourcing datacenter to look at performance issues. It had >40 max. configured IBM mainframes (@$30M) all running a 450K statement Cobol application (number of mainframes needed to finish settlement in the overnight batch window). Using some techniques from early science center days, found 14% improvement (they had large organization for decades responsible for the application performance care and feeding ... but they had gotten myopically focused on a few number of things). At the same time, they had also brought in somebody from Europe that had acquired a much later generation of the performance predictor (during IBM's troubles in the 90s when it was unloading all sort of stuff). He had run it through an APL->C translator and made profitable business of analyzing large datacenter performance (not just IBM mainframes). He bound (a different) 7% performance improvement. I got to talk to him about its early (APL) history.

... oh and none of the 40+ max configured mainframes were older than 18 months ... nearly constant rolling updates.

some performance predictor posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#63 Collection of APL documents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#41 CPU utilization/forecasting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#63 JCL CROSS-REFERENCE Utilities (OT for Paul, Rick, and Shmuel)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#53 HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#50 Can any one tell about what is APL language
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#60 Hard Disk Drive Construction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#27 System/360--50 years--the future?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#71 A New Performance Model
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#69 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#36 Ransomware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#54 CMS\APL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#109 Bimodal Distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#5 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#68 Pareto efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#103 why VM, was thrashing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#109 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#27 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#85 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#106 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#32 HONE story/history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#43 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations

450k statement cobol application posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#5 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#76 Architectural Diversity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#20 IBM forecasts 'new world order' for financial services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#63 Collection of APL documents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#45 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#13 IBM today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#62 Cobol
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#68 How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM / How To Stuff A Wild Duck

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM / How To Stuff A Wild Duck
Date: 12 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Poster, IBM / How To Stuff A Wild Duck (1973)
https://collection.cooperhewitt.org/objects/18618011/

from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s: ...
and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat
...
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.
... snip ...

... another side effect, middle management and lower level executives learned to carefully manage the flow of information up. Other FS info (with some reference to demise of FS, and getting stuff back into 370 product pipeline, quick&dirty 303x and 3081 efforts kicked off in parallel)
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

... any success Learson may have had was obliterated in the FS failure (and IBM bureaucracy kills off wild ducks). Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
Management Briefing
Number 1-72: January 18,1972
ZZ04-1312

TO ALL IBM MANAGERS:

Once again, I'm writing you a Management Briefing on the subject of bureaucracy. Evidently the earlier ones haven't worked. So this time I'm taking a further step: I'm going directly to the individual employees in the company. You will be reading this poster and my comment on it in the forthcoming issue of THINK magazine. But I wanted each one of you to have an advance copy because rooting out bureaucracy rests principally with the way each of us runs his own shop.

We've got to make a dent in this problem. By the time the THINK piece comes out, I want the correction process already to have begun. And that job starts with you and with me.

Vin Learson

... and


+-----------------------------------------+
|           "BUSINESS ECOLOGY"            |
|                                         |
|                                         |
|            +---------------+            |
|            |  BUREAUCRACY  |            |
|            +---------------+            |
|                                         |
|           is your worst enemy           |
|              because it -               |
|                                         |
|      POISONS      the mind              |
|      STIFLES      the spirit            |
|      POLLUTES     self-motivation       |
|             and finally                 |
|      KILLS        the individual.       |
+-----------------------------------------+
"I'M Going To Do All I Can to Fight This Problem . . ."
by T. Vincent Learson, Chairman

... snip ...

How to Stuff a Wild Duck

"We are convinced that any business needs its wild ducks. And in IBM we try not to tame them." - T.J. Watson, Jr.

"How To Stuff A Wild Duck", 1973, IBM poster
https://collection.cooperhewitt.org/objects/18618011/

IBM downfall/downturn posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

I gave a lot of presentations at SHARE as undergraduate on lots of system stuff I was doing (and IBM picking and shipping up in the product) ... so I was well known by customer (and some IBM) system support staff and datacenter managers well before joining IBM. After joining IBM continued to wander around customer locations and increasing number of internal locations. As I've periodically mentioned, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... and did my best to only deal directly with system support staff and rarely anybody above 1st level manager. It seemed like anytime higher level management became aware of what I was doing, it almost always met trouble.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Example of HONE (a long time internal customer) was it went through a period where some branch manager got promoted to hdqtrs spot that HONE reported to and found themselves appalled that HONE was all vm370 based (and not MVS). They apparently believe the kool-aid and believe that they ordered HONE to move to MVS, it would be career enhancing for them. HONE was ordered to devote all the resources to moving to MVS. After a year or so, it couldn't be done, declared a success, the person promoted and the process was repeated 3-4 times. Then it was decided that the reason that they couldn't move to MVS was they were running my enhanced production system ... and HONE was ordered to move to a standard product VM370 (because what would happen if I was hit by a bus) ... believing that then it would be possible to migrate HONE to MVS.

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Another example was wandering around disk engineering & product test ... they were doing stand-alone, prescheduled 7x24 mainframe testing (they said that they had tried doing testing under MVS, but it had 15min mean-time-between-failures, requiring manual re-ipl). I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor, making it bullet proof and never fail ... allowing any amount of ondemand, concurrent testing. I then wrote an internal IBM report on the effort and results which happened to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... bringing down the wrath of the MVS org. on my head ... offline I was told they even attempted to have me separated from the IBM company, when that didn't work, they tried to damage my IBM career as much as possible.

getting to play disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM / How To Stuff A Wild Duck

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM / How To Stuff A Wild Duck
Date: 13 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#62 IBM / How To Stuff A Wild Duck

... re: MVS 15min MTBF; note the joke was on the MVS organization ... I had no career to damage. A couple years earlier (at CSC, before transfer to SJR), the manager of one of the largest financial/commercial, "true blue" datacenters on the east coast liked me to stop by and talk technology. I've periodically referenced that at some point the IBM branch manager horribly offended the customer and in retaliation they ordered an Amdahl system (would be a lonely Amdahl box in a vast sea of blue, up until then, clone 370 makers had been selling into the univ/scientific/technical market, but had yet to break into the commercial market, and this would be the 1st). It was considered that this would leave a very black mark on the branch manager's career ... and I was asked to go sit on site at the customer for a year to help obfuscate the issues (misdirection to somehow make it look like technical issues). I talked it over with the customer and they said they would like if I could spend(/waste) a year on site ... but it wasn't going to change their mind ... so I declined IBM's offer. I was then told that the branch manager was a good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO ... and if I didn't do this I could forget a career, raises, and/or promotions.

posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

past posts about branch manager horribly offended customer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#21 Word Length
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#52 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#86 Computer/IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#2 IBM 1970s
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#92 An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#27 Software Delivery on Tape to be Discontinued
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#6 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#68 IBM Suits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#138 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#8 IBM CEOs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#52 Amdahl Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#82 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#37 Some CP67, Future System and other history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#66 IBM CEO Story
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#85 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#15 IBM Internal Network

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
Date: 13 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#56 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#57 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#58 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#60 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities

... remember security is a cost ... like infrastructure maintenance, future investment, etc ... executives with short term horizon, calculating how much they can divert to their bonuses and the probability of something bad happening before they have departed.

There was case of new too big to fail CEO shutting down their security department ... with the observation that it is much cheaper for the public relations department to handle (most) security problems (and possibility if something really, really bad occurs, foist off on the government for bailout) ... also involved in upthread mention of outsourcing (mostly mainframe) Y2K remediation to lowest bidder ... which turns out to have been a front for a criminal organization.

too big to fail posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Early 90s, was at presentation where somebody had (computer) "war dialed" (no internet) every possible # in a few area codes and found numerous modems that typically didn't require passwords; industrial control systems, HVAC systems, 911 systems, doctor office patient systems.

posts mentioning war dialing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#38 "war-dialing" etymology?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#41 "war-dialing" etymology?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#48 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#73 Blinkylights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#100 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#50 old amiga HVAC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#88 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#52 The ABCs of Hacking a Voting Machine

Not related, but about same time, somebody dialed into HVAC system for a large customer ibm datacenter (that accounted for something like 1/3 of transactions on NYSE) and reset the temperature ... and all the IBM boxes did thermal shutdown (NYSE volume was significantly cut that day).

posts mentioning risks, fraud, exploits, threats, vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud

also as I mentioned upthread, we were brought in to help wordsmith some cal. state legislation ... at the time included data breach notification (1st in the nation). The issue was almost nothing was being done, normally entities take security measures in self interest ... but in the case of most breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public. It was hoped that publicity from the breach notifications might motivate institutions to take breach countermeasures.

data breach notification posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SHARE (& GUIDE)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: SHARE (& GUIDE)
Date: 14 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#55 SHARE (& GUIDE)

part of presentation I gave at share in 1968 as undergraduate ... focused on significant amount of CP67 code I had rewritten (but also references the rework of OS/360 sysgen to optimize disk arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Presentation that I gave at 1986 SEAS (EU SHARE) and then repeat at 2011 HILLGANG (user group) meeting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/hill0316g.pdf
old archived email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#email860818

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
resource manager posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
paging algorithms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock
CMS page mapped filesystem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Amdahl

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Amdahl
Date: 14 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Linkedin posting on Amdahl (& IBM mainframe history)
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/bobthomasesmpubs_mainframe-history-gene-Amdahl-the-chief-activity-6797388285468643328-1iP_/

my comments (for those w/o linkedin)

end of ACS/360 (Amdahl leaves IBM shortly afterwards) has references to features that show up in ES/9000 more than two decades later (ACS/360 was shutdown, IBM executives were afraid that it would advance the state of the art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market).
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

then in first half of of the 70s, IBM had the "Future System" program, completely different than 370 and was going to completely replace 370 and internal politics was shutting 370 projects; the lack of new 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone 370 makers (including Amdahl) a market foothold. Then in the wake of Future System implosion, there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipeline ... and 3033 & 3081 quick&dirty efforts were kicked off in parallel. Some FS/3033/3081 info
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Early 1975, Endicott cons me into helping with ECPS microcode assist. Then in the early 80s at the monthly BAYBUNCH meetings (mainframe user group hosted by SLAC) ... I gave talks on the early ECPS activity. At after meeting get togethers (frequently at the "Oasis"), the Amdahl people pumped me for more information and talked about the hypervisor they were developing.

After joining IBM, I still got to attend user group meetings and wander around lots of customer (and internal IBM) datacenters. Before transferring to SJR, the manager of one of the largest east coast financial (IBM mainframe, commercial "true blue") customer datacenters, liked me drop in and talk technology. At some point, the IBM branch manager horribly offended the customer and they ordered an Amdahl machine in retaliation (lone Amdahl system in vast sea of blue). At the time, clone makers were selling into univ/technical/scientific market, but hadn't yet broken the "true blue" commercial market and this would be the first. The order was assumed to make a very black mark on the branch manager's career and I was asked to go sit on site for a year (to help obfuscate the motivation for the order). I talked it over with the customer and then declined IBM's offer. I was then told that the branch manager was a good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO, and if I didn't do it, I could forget having an IBM career, promotions, raises

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
360/370 microcode
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360mcode

some posts mentioning BAYBUNCH &/or ECPS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#93 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#62 Silicon Valley pub that helped birth PC industry to close because of high rent
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#104 AW: mainframe distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#18 Old word processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#23 VS History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#81 IBM 138/148 & Forecasting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#30 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#95 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#52 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#77 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#84 IBM 5100
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#5 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#24 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#54 Misinformation: anti-vaccine bullshit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#78 IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#33 IBM Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#87 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#120 maps on Cadillac Seville trip computer from 1978
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#39 If Memory Had Been Cheaper
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#54 IBM Quota
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#49 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#62 MAINFRAME (4341) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#2 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#16 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#42 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Amdahl

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Amdahl
Date: 14 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#66 Amdahl

The 23jun1969 unbundling announcement started to charge for se service, (application) software, maint, etc. ... however IBM made the case that operating system should still be free. With the rise of clone makers during FS (because lack new 370 products, internal politics was shutting down 370 efforts) and then the implosion of FS ... followed by the mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipeline (including kicking of quick&dirty 3033&3081 in parallel), there was decision to also reverse the 23jun1969 decision to not charge for operating system software (and my dynamic adaptive resource manager was tasked as the quinea pig, I got to spend some amount of time with lawyers and business people on operating system charging policies).

unbundling posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
dynamic adaptive resource manager posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

Later I was at SJR and after the monthly BAYBUNCH get togethers, AMDAHL people talked about the plethora of trivial microcode changes IBM was making starting with 3033 that were required by new operating system releases. Amdahl responded with "macrocode" ... microcode level 370 instruction semantics ... where they could implement the required microcode tweaking significantly faster and with significantly less effort (than IBM could in horizontal microcode). They then used "macrocode" to implement hypervisor in the early 80s ... which took ibm several years to respond with PR/SM & LPAR in the 3090 (1988)

other trivia: Very early on in Amdahl corp, Amdahl gave a talk at large MIT auditorium and several of us from the science center went over. Somebody in the audience asked him what business cases did he use to get investor money ... he said that IBM customers had enormous billions invested in 360 software and even if IBM were to completely walk away from 360, that software would keep him in business through the end of the century (some considered it was veiled reference to IBM's Future System effort, but Amdahl would later repeatedly claim he knew nothing about FS). He was also asked about being Japanese front company, that Fujitsu owned 49% of Amdahl and did all Amdahl manufacturing.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

as mentioned in the previous comment about ACS/360, some of the ACS/360 didn't show up in IBM machines until more than 20yrs later with ES/9000. end of acs/360
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Amdahl

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Amdahl
Date: 14 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#66 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#67 Amdahl

... regarding mainframe clone market, another view was mainframe went from significantly expanding market to declining and then pretty static ... and those doing innovation/disruptive moved to other markets (aka mainframe clones stopped being worth while).

I've mentioned before getting con'ed into doing channel-extender support for STL (that was moving 300 from the IMS group to offsite bldg with service back to STL datacenter) ... and the group wanted fast, channel attached controller terminal response. Then group in POK playing with some serial stuff veto'ed releasing it to the market (they were afraid that it would make it more difficult to get their stuff released). Then in 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some stuff that they were playing with which quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980). The POK people finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already obsolete. Then some POK engineers become involved in FCS and define a really heavy weight the drastically reduces the native throughput, eventually announced as FICON.

posts mentioning channel-extender
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
posts mentioning FICON
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

The most recent published benchmark I've found is "peak I/O" done on z196 getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS). About the same time a FCS was announced for E5-2600 blades claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS having higher throughput than 104 FICON over 104 FCS). Note max configured z196 claimed 50BIPS ... while E5-2600 blades claimed 500BIPS (both industry standarrd MIPS benchmark, number of iterations compared to 158-3 assumed to be 1MIP machine), 10 times max. configured z196

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017


Note there have been decline or static sales in IBM mainframes ... it use to be IBM gave sales numbers, but then switched to percent change from previous quarter, ... have to take current quarter, role back through the quarters until actual sales and then roll forward again. EC12 time-frame figured processor sales was a couple percent of total IBM revenue, but IBM mainframe group was 25% of revenue (and 40% of profit) ... nearly all software and services. Max. configured mainframe has held around $30M this century, z196 would have been $600,000/BIPS (compared to a couple dollars per BIPS for blades).

Did a quarterly calculation for EC12 quarterly revenue and it came out to the equivalent of 14 max. configured EC12s ... or 56 on annualized basis (total mainframe processor hardware sales). Also calculated number of EC12 processor chips per wafer ... and typical minimum fab wafer run is six wafers ... which would be sufficient to handle all EC12 systems sold. List of fabs in the world and monthly wafer production (typically tens to hundreds of thousands)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_semiconductor_fabrication_plants

Industry standard blades processing power has continued to increase faster than mainframe ... so server blades can easily be more than ten times max. configured mainframe. A large cloud operator tends to have dozen or more large megadatacenters around the world, each megadatacenter having half million or more of these server blades (aggregate pushing ten million or more blades for each large cloud operator).

trivia: Large cloud operators have claimed for some time that they assemble there own blades for 1/3rd the cost of brand name blades ... before IBM sold off its server business (about same time server chip vendors saying they were shipping most of their product directly to large cloud operators), it had base list price of $1815 for E5-2600 blade (1/3rd of that would be $605/blade that it was costing large cloud operators).

megadatacenter postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

13 Facts About American Prisons That Will Blow Your Mind

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 13 Facts About American Prisons That Will Blow Your Mind
Date: 14 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
13 Facts About American Prisons That Will Blow Your Mind
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/05/14/13-facts-about-american-prisons-that-will-blow-your-mind/
Number 1 - Prisons are relatively new. Number 2 - Prisons and capitalism go hand-in-hand. Number 3 - The Land of The Free holds 22% of the world's prisoners. Number 4 - Prisons are Slavery 2.0. Number 5 - The 13th Amendment to the Constitution ended slavery and legalized it. Number 6 - Prison Labor Continues Today Number 7 - A few people get filthy rich off of imprisoning millions of people. Number 8 - Black Americans are the most imprisoned people in the world. Number 9 - Police departments have admitted to targeting people of color. Number 10 - Prisons are not about rehabilitation. Number 11 - So much for #MeToo. Number 12 - Prisoners have long been used for medical research and it is not over. Number 13 - The mainstream media gets in on the action too.

Prison-industrial complex
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prison-industrial_complex
The Prison-Industrial Complex. Correctional officials see danger in prison overcrowding. Others see opportunity. The nearly two million Americans behind bars--the majority of them nonviolent offenders--mean jobs for depressed regions and windfalls for profiteers
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1998/12/the-prison-industrial-complex/304669/
American businesses are raking in billions from the prison-industrial complex. It's time to get serious about dismantling this disgusting system.
https://www.businessinsider.com/prison-industrial-complex-end-business-help-mass-incarceration-2020-9
If businesses want to promote justice, they can help end the prison-industrial complex. Thousands of businesses are invested in the U.S. prison system. As Americans call for justice from police departments and governments, there's also pressure for companies to play a role.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90540663/if-businesses-want-to-promote-justice-they-can-help-end-the-prison-industrial-complex
Silicon Valley's Investors Take On The Prison Industrial Complex
https://www.forbes.com/sites/zarastone/2020/02/28/silicon-valleys-investors-take-on--the-prison-industrial-complex/

prison industrial complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#37 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#52 What Makes a substance Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#61 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#10 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#25 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#27 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#81 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#85 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#89 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#4 E.R. Burroughs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#12 [CM] What was your first home computer?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Just 12 People Are Behind Most Vaccine Hoaxes On Social Media, Research Shows

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Just 12 People Are Behind Most Vaccine Hoaxes On Social Media, Research Shows
Date: 14 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Just 12 People Are Behind Most Vaccine Hoaxes On Social Media, Research Shows
https://www.npr.org/2021/05/13/996570855/disinformation-dozen-test-facebooks-twitters-ability-to-curb-vaccine-hoaxes
Report Highlights "Disinformation Dozen" Responsible for Online COVID-19 Vaccine Misinformation
https://www.biospace.com/article/new-research-finds-just-12-people-responsible-for-online-covid-19-vaccine-misinformation-/
The Misinfo Dozen: Online Vaccine Hoaxes Traced To Just 12 People
https://khn.org/morning-breakout/the-misinfo-dozen-online-vaccine-hoaxes-traced-to-just-12-people/

For Some Anti-Vaccine Advocates, Misinformation Is Part Of A Business
https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2021/05/12/993615185/for-some-anti-vaccine-advocates-misinformation-is-part-of-a-business
Meet the media startups making big money on vaccine conspiracies
https://fortune.com/2021/05/14/disinformation-media-vaccine-covid19/
How Vaccine Opponents Use Misinformation To Sell Products : Shots
https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2021/05/12/993615185/for-some-anti-vaccine-advocates-misinformation-is-part-of-a-business

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)
Date: 15 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/05/bill-black-the-best-way-to-rob-a-bank-is-to-own-one-part-1-9.html
Bill Black is back! The website New Economic Perspectives, where Bill and many MMT luminaries held forth, has gone quiet. But Bill was also a regular at Paul Jay's The Real News Network, and Black has come for a long-form discussion at Jay's new initiative, TheAnalysis.news. Bill uses the title of his book to review and update financial fraud, American style, which means driven primarily by bank executives. He starts with a review of the S&L crisis, where he not only had a ringside seat but also successfully pursued some of the perps. This is one of the reason Bill has little sympathy for the failure to prosecute bankers: he's shown it can be done.
... snip ...

"Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.
... snip ...

also has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

EHM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
S&L crisis posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

EHM posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#71 A question for the readership
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#73 A question for the readership
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#80 The men who crashed the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#111 Matt Taibbi with Xmas Message from the Rich
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#57 Study Confirms The Government Produces The Buggiest Software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#70 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#70 The Army and Special Forces: The Fantasy Continues
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#81 GBP13tn: hoard hidden from taxman by global elite
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#45 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#60 The IBM mainframe has been the backbone of most of the world's largest IT organizations for more than 48 years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#83 Protected: R.I.P. Containment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#2 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#95 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#98 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#7 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#25 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#69 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#62 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#66 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#4 Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#11 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#14 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#103 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#105 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#64 The World America Made
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#4 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#10 Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#56 Too Rich to Jail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#66 Economic Mess Prosecution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#113 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#15 TARP Funds and Noncompliant
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#56 Economic Mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#37 You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#83 Firefighting: The Financial Crisis and Its Lessons
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#38 Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#40 When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#29 The Coming Economic Crash -- And How to Stop It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#80 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#38 World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#74 Eric Holder is the Official Missing from Discussions of the Bidens' Ukrainian Efforts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Politically polarized brains share an intolerance of uncertainty

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Politically polarized brains share an intolerance of uncertainty
Date: 15 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Politically polarized brains share an intolerance of uncertainty
https://scienceblog.com/522798/politically-polarized-brains-share-an-intolerance-of-uncertainty/
Since the 1950s, political scientists have theorized that political polarization -- increased numbers of "political partisans" who view the world with an ideological bias -- is associated with an inability to tolerate uncertainty and a need to hold predictable beliefs about the world.
... snip ...

... then there is

Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals
https://www.sciencealert.com/extremist-brains-perform-poorly-at-complex-mental-tasks-experiment-reveals
Biological and cognitive underpinnings of religious fundamentalism
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5500821/
A link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism has now been established by scientists
https://www.salon.com/2019/01/08/a-link-between-brain-damage-and-religious-fundamentalism-has-now-been-established-by-scientists_partner/
Scientists have established a link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism
https://www.patheos.com/blogs/tippling/2019/01/14/scientists-have-established-a-link-between-brain-damage-and-religious-fundamentalism-among-vietnam-vets/
Brain damage is linked to religious extremism
https://nypost.com/2017/05/08/brain-damage-is-linked-to-religious-extremism/
Neurologists Have Identified Brain Lesions That Could Be Linked to Religious Fundamentalism
https://www.sciencealert.com/damage-to-a-specific-part-of-the-brain-could-result-in-religious-fundamentalism

past posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#62 SMP idea for the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#65 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#39 The FreeWill instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#1 What is IBM culture?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#68 I quit this NG
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#88 I quit this NG
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#90 Scientists have established a link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#31 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#98 Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#1 Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'
Date: 16 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'.
https://fair.org/home/government-money-thats-gone-into-vaccine-development-is-being-privatized-by-a-handful-of-companies/

It Was The Government That Produced COVID-19 Vaccine Success
https://www.healthaffairs.org/do/10.1377/hblog20210512.191448/full/
Since 2000, taxpayer dollars have financed the development of various vaccine platforms for HIV, pandemic flu, and other threats to public health. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the government leveraged investments in those platforms in three ways. First, it supported additional preclinical studies. Second, it absorbed the bulk of human testing costs and risk through a set of contracts that paid for the various phases of vaccine development and manufacturing. And third, it reduced manufacturing risk by underwriting capacity investments.
... snip ...

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WEB Security

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: WEB Security
Date: 16 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP ... originally was named HA/6000 for NYTimes to move their newspaper publishing system (ATEX) off VAXCluster to RS/6000. I renamed it to HA/CMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing) when I started doing technical/scientific cluster scale-up with national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with RDBMS vendors. Early Jan1992 had meeting in (Oracle CEO) Ellison's conference room saying we would have 16-way by mid-92 and 128-way by YE-92. Within a few weeks of that meeting, cluster scale-up was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONNLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later.

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Sometime later, we were brought into small client/server startup, two of the former Oracle people (had been in Jan1992 meeting) were there responsible for something they called "commerce server" and they wanted to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commercee". I had absolute authority over everything going over the internet between webservers and the (financial network) payment networks ... but could only make recommendations on the browser/server sides ... some of which were almost immediately violated (that continue to be responsible for exploits).

payment gateway posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

Situation was then further aggravated by the 1996 MDC developer's forum at Moscone ... all the banners said "INTERNET" ... but the constant refrain in all the sessions was "protect your investment" ... i.e. the automagic execution of scripts embedded in data files which evolved on small, isolated, closed, safe business networks was going to be opened to the wild anarchy of the internet with no additional countermeasures.

A decade later, Jim Gray (during 1996 MDC had open house for his San Fran Microsoft Research, I had worked with Jim in the late 70s and early 80s before he left IBM for Tandem, this was before his disappearance in the Pacific off San Fran) cons me into interviewing for Chief Security Architect in Redmond. The interview dragged on over a couple weeks, but we could never come to aggreement (including my discussion of the "protect your investment" from 1996 MDC).

I would periodically do some stuff with Postel (Internet Standards RFC editor)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Postel

he also sponsored my talk at ISI & USC "Why Internet Isn't Business Critical Dataprocessing" based on the compensating procedures and software that had to do to protect the payment networks connected to the internet.

internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

Other trivia: co-worker at Cambridge Science Center and later at San Jose Research, responsible for IBM internal network, technology later used for corporate sponsored univ BITNET network
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
"IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
also Edson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
"It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

In the early 80s, I had HSDT project (T1 and faster computer links, both terrestrial and satellite) and working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies copying the CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary release
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSF posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

1996 MDC posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#15 Identifying Latest zOS Fixes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#30 Zeus malware found with valid digital certificate
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#10 It's all K&R's fault
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#11 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#23 weird trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#19 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#8 Ironic old "fortune"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#90 Ransomware on Mainframe application ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#14 Mainframe Networking problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#16 The Microsoft security hole at the heart of Russian election hacking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#46 Windows 10 Pro automatic update
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#84 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#56 Disabled by default: Microsoft ups the ante in its war against VBScript on Internet Explorer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#113 Internet and Business Critical Dataprocessing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#19 What is a mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#45 McAfee antivirus software creator charged with cheating investors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#68 Online History

"Why Internet Isn't Business Critial Dataprocessing"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#53 The One True Identity -- cracks being examined, filled, and rotted out from the inside
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#42 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#38 Where should the type information be: in tags and descriptors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#16 Today's mainframe--anything to new?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#28 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#52 US Air computers delay psgrs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#38 Can SSL sessions be compromised?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#51 IBM to the PCM market(the sky is falling!!!the sky is falling!!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#34 EZPass: Yes, Big Brother IS Watching You!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#54 Industry Standard Time To Analyze A Line Of Code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#88 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#22 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#29 CA ESD files Options
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#50 CA ESD files Options
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#63 To what extent do IP networks meet the stringent requirements of High Availability (HA) where the target performance is 99.999%? What performance is obtained in practice
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#68 "The Register" article on HP replacing z
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#50 Security is a subset of Reliability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#33 H5: Security Begins at the Application and Ends at the Mind
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#56 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#27 PDCA vs. OODA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#74 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#56 Failing Gracefully
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#142 IBM Continues To Crumble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#11 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#14 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#90 Ransomware on Mainframe application ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#14 Mainframe Networking problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#81 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#60 1970s school compsci curriculum--what would you do?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#25 Are we all now dinosaurs, out of place and out of time?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#113 Internet and Business Critical Dataprocessing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#87 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#68 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#7 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WEB Security

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: WEB Security
Date: 16 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#74 WEB Security

more trivia: big difference between internal network and the internet was that corporate required all internal network links be encrypted. This would cause some problem with various gov. agencies, especially when links cross national boundaries. In mid-80s, major link encryptor vendor claimed that the IBM internal network had more than half of all link encryptors in the world.

For HSDT, I really hated what I had to pay for T1 (1.5mbits/sec_ link encryptors and faster link encryptors were almost impossible to find. Finally I became involved with effort to do link encryptors that cost less than $100 and supported up to at least 3mbyte/sec ("megabytes" not megabits). Then the corporate crypto group said it significantly compromised the encryption standard. It took me three months to figure out how to explain to them what it was doing, rather than significantly weaker, it was significantly stronger ... but it turns out it was hollow victory, I was told there was only one organization in the world that could use such encryption, we could make as many as we wanted, but they all had to be sent to an address in Maryland. It was when I realized that there were three kinds of crypto in the world: 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind you can only do for them.

Note also had lots of conflicts with the communication group since 37x5 boxes peaked out at 56kbit links (communication group was spreading constant misinformation internally trying to obfuscate the limited capability of their products).

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

... during the NSF supercomputer center interconnect period ... some high level communication group people were exchanging misinformation via email. somebody in the loop collected a lot of it and forwarded it to me. In the past I've posted it to the internet, heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

NSF posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

when we were doing HA/CMP (and later electronic commerce) ... we spent a lot of time studying the way things failed. I put together another talk about it took 3-10 times the original effort to turn a well designed, developed and tested application into an "available" service (frequently rather than looking at how to implement and make something work ... looking at all the ways how things can break &/or be exploited.

also during HA/CMP, I got asked to write a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document ... it got pulled when both Rochester (as/400) and POK (mainframe) complained (they didn't meet the objectives)

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
availability posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available
assurance posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#assurance

three kinds crypto posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#56 The Uneasy Ride on the Cryptography Bandwaggon
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#57 RealNames hacked. Firewall issues.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#35 A quote from Crypto-Gram
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#4 private key encryption - doubts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#43 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#85 Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#31 The Vindication of Barb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#77 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#10 "NSA foils much internet encryption"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#40 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#44 More on Mannix and the computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#91 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#8 IBM Travel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#70 IBM/BMI/MIB
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#58 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WEB Security

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: WEB Security
Date: 16 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#74 WEB Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#75 WEB Security

... after leaving IBM, the NY Federal Reserve guy responsible for FEDWIRE liked us to stop by and talk technology. He had triple-redundant IMS ... two at one location and third at a different location.

trivia: my wife was in the DC JES group and one of the "catchers" for ASP/JES3 from the west coast. She then got con'ed into going to POK to be responsible for loosely-coupled architecture. She did Peer-Coupled Shared Data architecture but didn't remain long because 1) constant battles with communication group trying to force her to use VTAM for loosely-coupled operation and 2) little uptake except for IMS (until much later with SYSPLEX and parallel SYSPLEX). She has story about visiting the west coast and going out after work with Vern Watts to talk about the IMS implementation and asking who he would ask permission to do the implementation. He said "nobody" ... he would just tell them when it was all done.

Peer-Coupled Shared Data posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How climate change skepticism held a government captive

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How climate change skepticism held a government captive
Date: 17 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#59 How climate change skepticism held a government captive

New Study Decodes ExxonMobil's 'Modern' Climate Misinformation
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/05/new-study-decodes-exxonmobils-modern-climate-misinformation.html
Big Oil Is Trying to Make Climate Change Your Problem to Solve
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/climate-change-exxonmobil-harvard-study-1169682/
The war on Big Oil has begun
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/the-war-on-big-oil-has-begun-191208624.html
JPMorgan Secretly Emailed the Trump Administration About Bailing Out the Oil Industry. The bank has promised big action on climate--but it still wants to finance fossil fuels.
https://www.motherjones.com/environment/2021/04/jpmorgan-secretly-emailed-the-trump-administration-about-bailing-out-the-oil-industry/

merchants of doubt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

climate change and/or big oil climate misinformation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#78 When the Internet went private
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#65 Bettman Archive in Trouble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#45 Where should the type information be?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#47 Where should the type information be?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#67 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#27 Richard Feynman, the Challenger Disaster, and Software Engineering
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#91 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#80 dollar coins
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#3 Blinkylights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#50 Daylight Savings Time again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#82 360 programs on a z/10
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#52 Chinese researchers say early climate changes responsible for human crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#61 Why Republicans Aren't Mentioning the Real Cause of Rising Prices at the Gas Pump
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#30 Senators Who Voted Against Ending Big Oil Tax Breaks Received Millions From Big Oil
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#43 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#79 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#27 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#42 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#43 Thanks Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#103 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#14 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#13 Merchants of Doubt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#55 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#46 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#27 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#114 Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#115 Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#89 Earth's atmosphere just crossed another troubling climate change threshold
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#112 NASA chief says he changed mind about climate change because he 'read a lot'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#64 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#117 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#64 How to fight desertification and reverse climate change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#50 Recent climate and heat news
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#86 The Hottest July, How Climate Change is Breaking Temperature Records in 2019
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#103 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#116 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#100 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#123 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#150 How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#5 Book: Kochland : the secret history of Koch Industries and corporate power in America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#24 Promtheus' Fire: Climate Change in the Time of Willful Ignorance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#60 The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#83 Capital in the Twenty-First Century
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#77 Meet the "New Koch Brothers"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In Washington State, the Left Won a Major Victory for Taxing the Rich

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: In Washington State, the Left Won a Major Victory for Taxing the Rich
Date: 17 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
In Washington State, the Left Won a Major Victory for Taxing the Rich
https://jacobinmag.com/2021/05/washington-state-capital-gains-tax
For a century, reformers have tried to change Washington's regressive tax system. Last month, a landmark capital gains tax became law. The story of how they got there shows how the Left can win against Democrats defending the status quo.
... snip ...

tax evasion, fraud, havens, loophole, avoidance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Early IBM Business Trips

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Early IBM Business Trips
Date: 17 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
On visit to IBM Madrid Science Center in 1985, regarding their scanning and imaging activity getting ready for 1992, 500th of 1492. Had gone to movie in the evening and they had a short film done at the university ... that included a wall of TV screens, all fast scrolling of the same text. Imagine my surprise when I recognized they were scrolling a VM370 loadmap ... even was able to recognize the Release and PLC level (from the listed source updates).

Madrid Science Center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#14 Computer of the century
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#36 stupid user stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#39 CMS update
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#40 IBM 7094 Emulator - An historic moment?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#24 Need Help filtering out sporge in comp.arch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#5 computers on tv
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#6 computers on tv
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#51 The Hacker Who Cracked the Code in Iron Man and The Social Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#30 Movies with DEC minis was Cray Supercomputers?

70s trip to Tokyo went with group of business people, one of them Canadian that told a story about his first trip to Tokyo. He got up and said he would speak in Japanese, that he learned from his roommate in college. At the first break, somebody took him aside and told him that Japanese has three vocabularies, superior to subordinate, subordinate to superior, and "woman's language" ... and he wasn't using either of the first two. Also had a IBM language specialiist that had been Eisenhower's translater for Japanese state visits. My first trip to Tokyo (yen was 330/$) was not long after I joined IBM and asked to go over for a HONE install (one of my hobbies after joining IBM science center was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer, and was asked to help as it expanded world-wide).

IBM cambridge science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Mid-80s, HSDT project was having some custom hardware built on the other side of the Pacific ... including some by Matsushita Electric (Panasonic). The executive that I reported to was going along ... and for meetings Mtsushita wanted to know everybody's title ... so they could correctly order the setting on our side of the table. My boss was in the middle (on the IBM side) across from president of Matsushita Electric. After the first break my boss sits down in my seat, forcing me to sit in his seat (he had explaned that he takes his direction from IBM CEO, placing him at higher position than Matsushita president).

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

Friday before the trip, Raleigh sent out internal email announcing a new internal online discussion group on high-speed communication with the following definitions

low-speed: <9.6kbits
medium-speed: 19.2kbits
high-speed: 56kbits
very high-speed: T1


on Monday morning on the wall of a conference room on the other side of the Pacific (at a different vendor) was

low-speed: <20mbits
medium-speed: 100mbits
high-speed: 200-300mbits
very high-speed: >600mbits


HSDT was doing T1 (1.5mbits/sec) and faster computer links, the fastest that communication group 37x5 controllers supported was 56kbit/sec links.

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Raleigh online discussion announce posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#33b High Speed Data Transport (HSDT)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#69 oddly portable machines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#45 IBM's Workplace OS (Was: .. Pink)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#59 SR 15,15
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#12 network history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#58 Q ALLOC PAGE vs. CP Q ALLOC vs ESAMAP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#25 Data communications over telegraph circuits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#9 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#36 The Pankian Metaphor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#4 Google Architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#42 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#50 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#64 Damn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#45 Are there tasks that don't play by WLM's rules
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#45 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#31 VTAM R.I.P. -- SNATAM anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#99 We're losing the battle
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#12 Discussions areas, private message silos, and how far we've come since 199x
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#13 "Telecommunications" from '85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#14 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#72 Mainframe articles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#7 VTAM security issue
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#24 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#44 SNA: conflicting opinions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#59 MasPar compiler and simulator
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#11 Crazed idea: SDSF for z/Linux
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#69 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#6 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#57 So why doesn't the mainstream IT press seem to get the IBM mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#40 Other early NSFNET backbone
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#88 Would mainframe technology be relevant in the age of cloud computing?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#74 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#54 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck? (Part One)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#98 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#41 VM Workshop 2012
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#80 A joke seen in an online discussion about moving a box of tape backups
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#87 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#89 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#29 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#45 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#66 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#16 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#66 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#47 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#82 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#37 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#46 1970--a family gets a home computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#69 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#9 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#84 HSDT, LSM, and EVE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#79 IBM downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#96 Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#70 IBM/BMI/MIB

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Amdahl

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Amdahl
Date: 17 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#66 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#67 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#68 Amdahl

... an IBM account of Vietnam ... also mentions unbundling

When Big Blue Went to War: A History of the Ibm Corporation'S Mission in Southeast Asia During the Vietnam War (1965–1975)
https://www.amazon.com/When-Big-Blue-Went-War-ebook/dp/B07923TFH5/
loc192-99:
We four marketing reps, Mike, Dave, Jeff and me, in Honolulu (1240 Ala Moana Boulevard) qualified for IBM's prestigious 100 Percent Club during this period but our attainment was carefully engineered by mainland management so that we did not achieve much more than the required 100% of assigned sales quota and did not receive much in sales commissions. At the 1968 100 Percent Club recognition event at the Fontainebleau Hotel in Miami Beach, the four of us Hawaiian Reps sat in the audience and irritably watched as eight other "best of the best" IBM commercial marketing representatives from all over the United States receive recognition awards and big bonus money on stage. The combined sales achievement of the eight winners was considerably less than what we four had worked hard to achieve in the one small Honolulu branch office. Clearly, IBM was not interested in hearing accusations of war profiteering and they maintained that posture throughout the years of the company's wartime involvement.

loc4695-4700:
Why IBM insisted on making us un-bundle in a war zone I never did understand. Yes, we were a part of the Data Processing Division, but an exception in a war zone could have been made if anyone higher up had argued the case. That policy change caused me to convert, overnight, four or five especially talented Systems Engineers to Marketing Representatives, because, according to the new IBM rules, SEs could not be on customer premises without billing for their time but our Marketing Reps could come and go as they pleased. We suddenly had a few new technical salesmen who continued to teach COBOL and FORTRAN as needed during their new, perhaps unwelcome and temporary careers.
... snip ...

As undergraduate, within a yr of taking two semester hr intro to fortran/computers, univ. hired me fulltime responsible for mainframe systems, then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of boeing computer services, consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment. I thought Boeing Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world, $200m-$300m in IBM 360 systems, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around machine room.

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. I've frequently retold story about John being very vocal that electronics across the trail wouldn't work and I guess as punishment he is put in command of spook base about same time I was at Boeing. "Spook Base" ref (gone 404, but still lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Boyd biography has spook base a $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (60s dollars, ten times renton)

in 89/90, the commandant of the marine corps leverages Boyd for makeover of the corps at a time when IBM was also desperately in need of makeover. since then we've had regular strategy conferences at marine corps university, even after Boyd passes in 1997.

Boyd posts & URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
unbundling posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling

Boeing Computer Services &/or renton datacenter posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#46 Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#14 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#14 Perry Mason TV show--bugs with micro-electronics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#90 Old hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#60 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#83 Ferranti Atlas paging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#104 Now Hear This-Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#23 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#58 Failures and Resiliency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#28 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#48 OT: Farewell to 747 in U.S. service
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#25 OFF TOPIC: Spring Break, 1947
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#29 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#35 OT: Postal Service seeks record price hikes to bolster falling revenues
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#38 Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#2 Rise and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#60 IBM 360/67
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#77 Collins radio 1956
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#151 OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#153 At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#45 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#48 IBM Quota
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#5 Availability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#62 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#2 Colours on screen (mainframe history question)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#34 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#51 IBM Hardest Problem(s)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#55 SHARE (& GUIDE)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How capitalism is reshaping cities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How capitalism is reshaping cities
Date: 18 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
How capitalism is reshaping cities (literally). Real estate investing has changed the look of buildings, cities, and the world. Author Matthew Soules explains how.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90637385/how-capitalism-is-reshaping-cities-literally
The very, very short explanation of the cause and effect of the 2008 financial crisis can be summarized in two words: real estate. Risky mortgages traded like stocks were blown into a bubble that popped, ravaging the finances and savings of people all around the world. In the aftermath, institutional investors bought up swathes of foreclosed properties, and pushed the financialization of housing into hyper-speed.
... snip ...

... in Jan1999 I was asked to help try and stop the coming economic mess (we failed). Some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L Crisis, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a couple billion, needed to fail to leave the field clear for the next round of IPOs) and were predicted next to get into securitized loans and mortgages. I was to improve the integrity of loan/mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. Then they found they could pay rating agencies for triple-A rating (when the agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony) enabling being able to do no-documentation, liar loans/mortgages; securitize the no-doc liar loans/mortgages, pay for triple-A, and sell into the bond market, did over $27T 2001-2008.

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L Crisis posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
toxic CDO posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Amdahl

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Amdahl
Date: 18 May 2021
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#66 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#67 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#68 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#80 Amdahl

when I transferred from CSC to SJR, Backus office was down the hall and Codd office was floor above. I worked some with Jim Gray on System/R (the original sql/relational implementation) ... he palmed off some stuff on me when he left for Tandem fall of 1980.

I was also blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the IBM internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s, developed by co-worker at science center, also used by the corporate sponsored univ. BITNET) in the late 70s & early 80s ... folklore is when corporate executive committee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me.

online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

It really increased after distributing a trip report spring 1981 about a visit to Jim at Tandem ... claims are that it was being read by 25,000 people ... from IBM Jargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Amdahl

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Amdahl
Date: 18 May 2021
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#66 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#67 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#68 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#80 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#82 Amdahl

Somebody at Princeton had ported AT&T Unix to mainframe and some of us at IBM tried to get approval to hire him ... but failed ... and he went to work for Amdahl. Some of the Amdahl peple would talk to me about it while it was being developed (and before announce) ... code named "GOLD" ... for periodic table "Au" (aka Amdahl unix)

about the same time, AT&T had contract with IBM to do a stripped down TSS/370 that AT&T would layer unix system services on top of. The issue was that both IBM and Amdahl mainframe hardware field support had extensive requirements for EREP/RAS ... and a UNIX EREP/RAS implementation from scratch was several times larger than the straight-forward UNIX port (AT&T would get scalable multi-processor and EREP/RAS for a mainframe unix, there were all sorts of issues at AT&T getting versions from both the TSS/370 group and the Amdahl GOLD group).

IBM Palo Alto Science center had also started working with UCLA on LOCUS (a unix work-alike, similar, but different to UCB BSD) ... which was eventually released as AIX/370 running under VM370 (relying on VM370's EREP support) ... which Amdahl UTS did also.

UCLA LOCUS & AIX/370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#72 Entry point for a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#61 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#28 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#31 IBM Unix prehistory, someone smarter than Dave Cutler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#36 TCM's Moguls documentary series
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#33 Andrew developments in Rochester
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#44 Andrew developments in Rochester
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#35 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#85 SV: USS vs USS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#66 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#67 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#45 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#2 Harris HCX Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#21 A z/OS Redbook Corrected - just about!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#36 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#38 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#34 Regarding Time Sharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#14 Is Microsoft becoming folklore?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#43 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#61 Google Patents Staple of '70s Mainframe Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#76 DataPower XML Appliance and RACF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#68 Boyd's cycle: the path to guaranteed success + 6 big companies as evidence
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#41 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#65 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#92 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#6 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#21 The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#75 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#73 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#110 IBM mainframes, was PDP-11 architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#12 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#13 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#17 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#102 ? How programs in c language drew graphics directly to screen in old days without X or Framebuffer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#56 The Road Not Taken: Knowing When to Keep Your Mouth Shut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#114 Mill Computing talk in Estonia on 12/10/2104
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#50 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#66 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#70 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#26 30 yr old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#52 [Poll] Computing favorities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#63 [CM] Coding with dad on the Dragon 32
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#46 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#41 What are mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#45 FW: What are mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#75 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#80 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#82 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#85 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#102 SEX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#43 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#45 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#66 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#76 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#109 Old word processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#31 MMIX meltdown
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#93 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#63 EBCDIC Bad History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#103 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#121 IBM Acronyms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#109 ROMP & Displaywriter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#51 CISC to FS to RISC, Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#52 IBM CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#83 IBM AIX

others about tss/370 ssup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#37 A Glimpse into PC Development Philosophy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#34 Power5 and Cell, new issue of IBM Journal of R&D
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#82 Yet another squirrel question - Results (very very long post)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#72 Entry point for a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#61 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#28 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#85 SV: USS vs USS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#67 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#34 Regarding Time Sharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#92 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#17 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#82 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#102 SEX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#66 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#93 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#121 IBM Acronyms

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inside the Military's Secret Undercover Army

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Inside the Military's Secret Undercover Army
Date: 18 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Inside the Military's Secret Undercover Army
https://www.newsweek.com/exclusive-inside-militarys-secret-undercover-army-1591881
The largest undercover force the world has ever known is the one created by the Pentagon over the past decade. Some 60,000 people now belong to this secret army, many working under masked identities and in low profile, all part of a broad program called "signature reduction." The force, more than ten times the size of the clandestine elements of the CIA, carries out domestic and foreign assignments, both in military uniforms and under civilian cover, in real life and online, sometimes hiding in private businesses and consultancies, some of them household name companies.
... snip ...

posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How capitalism is reshaping cities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How capitalism is reshaping cities
Date: 18 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#81 How capitalism is reshaping cities

... after starting to pay rating agencies for triple-A on securitzed no-doc liar loan/mortgages, they also found that they could design securitized loans/mortgages to fail (& pay for triple-A rating selling off into the bond market) and then take out (CDS) gambling bets that they would fail. The largest holder of these CDS gambling bets was AIG. From truth is stranger than fiction, AIG was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar, when the SECTREAS steps in, says they have to pay off at face value, take TARP funds for the payoffs, and sign a document that AIG can't sue those making the bets. The largest part of the $700B TARP funds was used by SECTREAS for AIG, and the largest recipient of CDS gambling bet payoffs was the firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

Originally TARP funds were justified for buying the triple-A rated, toxic CDOs (securitized loans/mortgages) that the too big to fail were starting to accumulate off-book. By YE2008, just the four largest TBTF were carrying $5.2T of the toxic CDOs off-book and the TARP funds wouldn't come close to covering the TBTF toxic CDO problem ... so TARP funds were used for other things and it was left to the Federal Reserve to bail out the TBTF. Note late summer 2008, TBTF had been selling toxic CDOs at 22cents on the dollar ... but if that continued, the TBTF would have been declared insolvent and forced to liquidate.

Federal Reserve fought a long hard legal battle to prevent disclosing what they were doing (buying trillions of toxic CDOs at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds). When FED lost, the FED chairman held a press conference and said that he had thought the TBTF would used the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but he didn't stop the ZIRP funds). Note that the chairman had in part been selected for having been a depression era scholar when the FED had tried something similar with the same result, so the chairman should have had no reasonable expectation for a different result this time.

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDO posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
ZIRP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
Federal Reserve, FED chairman, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How capitalism is reshaping cities

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How capitalism is reshaping cities
Date: 19 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#81 How capitalism is reshaping cities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#85 How capitalism is reshaping cities

Known Stock Market Leverage Hits WTF High. Out the Other Side of Its Mouth, the Fed Warns About Hidden Leverage that Blew up Archegos
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/05/known-stock-market-leverage-hits-wtf-high-out-the-other-side-of-its-mouth-the-fed-warns-about-hidden-leverage-that-blew-up-archegos.html
While we are not up to Roaring Twenties style leverage on leverage (trust me, it was widespread), the borrowing is getting into nervous-making territory. The chart below, from Advisor Perspectives, is through April and compares margin debt levels to the S&P 500 (not a perfect comparison, but a consistent proxy over time). The relationship isn't quite as whacked as Wolf's post suggests, but the recent trajectory is worrisome. It has a blowoff look about it.
... snip ...

.... note jan2009, a decade after being asked to try and help stop the coming economic mess (jan1999), I was asked to WEB'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional investigation into the '29 crash, had been scanned fall2008 at Boston Public Library) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it awhile and then get a call saying it won't be meeded after all (comments that capital hill was totally buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash, possibly only 2 or 3 honest members of congress).

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Pecora &/or Glass-Steagall posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
regulatory capture (legislature and regulators "bought") posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Congress demands records from Boeing to investigate lapses in production quality

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Congress demands records from Boeing to investigate lapses in production quality
Date: 19 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Congress demands records from Boeing to investigate lapses in production quality
https://www.seattletimes.com/business/boeing-aerospace/congress-demands-records-to-investigate-quality-lapses-at-boeing/
Boeing rehires aircraft inspectors
https://leehamnews.com/2021/05/18/boeing-rehires-aircraft-inspectors/

past

Boeing CEO Said Board Moved Quickly on MAX Safety; New Details Suggest Otherwise. Shareholders' suit citing internal Boeing documents alleges board didn't act as fast on safety as CEO David Calhoun said
https://www.wsj.com/articles/boeing-ceo-said-board-moved-quickly-on-max-safety-new-details-suggest-otherwise-11613246646?mod=hp_lista_pos4

Boeing Board Failed to Challenge CEO on 737 MAX Safety, Lawsuit Says. Then-CEO Dennis Muilenburg focused on negative press following crashes, according to newly revealed communications
https://www.wsj.com/articles/boeing-board-failed-to-challenge-ceo-on-737-max-safety-lawsuit-says-11612835206
Boeing Co. 's board failed to challenge then-Chief Executive Dennis Muilenburg on the safety of the 737 MAX or his campaign to counter negative news reports between two fatal crashes that claimed 346 lives, according to newly released portions of a shareholders' lawsuit that cites internal company documents.
... snip ...

Boeing contaminated by the military-industrial complex, The 100yr, 2016 Boeing "century" publication had article that the "merger" with M/D nearly took down Boeing and might yet still. posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout
Unlike Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas executives somehow took power in what analysts started calling a "reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought Boeing with Boeing's money."
... snip ...

Crash Course
https://newrepublic.com/article/154944/boeing-737-max-investigation-indonesia-lion-air-ethiopian-airlines-managerial-revolution
Sorscher had spent the early aughts campaigning to preserve the company's estimable engineering legacy. He had mountains of evidence to support his position, mostly acquired via Boeing's 1997 acquisition of McDonnell Douglas, a dysfunctional firm with a dilapidated aircraft plant in Long Beach and a CEO who liked to use what he called the "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers: Hire them for a few months when project deadlines are nigh, fire them when you need to make numbers. In 2000, Boeing's engineers staged a 40-day strike over the McDonnell deal's fallout; while they won major material concessions from management, they lost the culture war. They also inherited a notoriously dysfunctional product line from the corner-cutting market gurus at McDonnell.
... snip ...

Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism. Deregulation means a company once run by engineers is now in the thrall of financiers and its stock remains high even as its planes fall from the sky
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/11/boeing-capitalism-deregulation

posts mentioning 737 MAX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#2 Rise and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#39 The Roots of Boeing's 737 Max Crisis: A Regulator Relaxes Its Oversight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#39 Crash Course
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#151 OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#153 At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#11 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#40 IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#70 Boeing CEO Said Board Moved Quickly on MAX Safety; New Details Suggest Otherwise
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Bunker: More Rot in the Ranks

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Bunker: More Rot in the Ranks
Date: 19 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Bunker: More Rot in the Ranks
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/05/the-bunker-more-rot-in-the-ranks/
Even the Pentagon boosters at the Heritage Foundation found the program wanting. Only half of Lockheed's F-22s were capable of flying on any given day in 2019, it noted last fall. Plus, "structural alterations" needed to help the plane reach its "promised service life...takes six F-22s off the flight line at any given time." Repairs took too long (like a year after a landing-gear failure). The F-22 "is a tough airplane to maintain," a top Air Force general conceded last week.
... snip ...

F22 hangar empress (2009)
http://nypost.com/2009/07/17/cant-fly-wont-die/
Pilots call high-maintenance aircraft "hangar queens." Well, the F-22's a hangar empress. After three expensive decades in development, the plane meets fewer than one-third of its specified requirements. Anyway, an enemy wouldn't have to down a single F-22 to defeat it. Just strike the hi-tech maintenance sites, and it's game over. (In WWII, we didn't shoot down every Japanese Zero; we just sank their carriers.) The F-22 isn't going to operate off a dirt strip with a repair tent.

But this is all about lobbying, not about lobbing bombs. Cynically, Lockheed Martin distributed the F-22 workload to nearly every state, employing under-qualified sub-contractors to create local financial stakes in the program. Great politics -- but the result has been a quality collapse.

... snip ...

posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

... part of F22 folklore was it couldn't be taken out in the weather because its stealth coating was very vulnerable to moisture. There has been some speculation about upgrading the F22 to the later developed stealth coating that is being used in for the F35 (however, the F22 was designed as air superiority fighter ... while the F35 was suppose to be a bomb truck ... and apparently the later stealth coating would be very vulnerable to friction because of F22 higher speeds).

recent posts mentioning F-22
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#63 The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#31 Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#118 Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#102 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#82 The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#35 US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#46 SitRep: Is the F-35 officially a failure? Cost overruns, other issues prompt Air Force to look for "clean sheet" fighter

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How climate change skepticism held a government captive

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How climate change skepticism held a government captive
Date: 19 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#59 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#77 How climate change skepticism held a government captive

Exxon Mobil's Messaging Shifted Blame for Warming to Consumers. An analysis of the fossil fuel company's documents also found it tried to downplay the dangers of climate change
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/exxon-mobils-messaging-shifted-blame-for-warming-to-consumers/

merchants of doubt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'
Date: 19 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#73 'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'

Katie Porter Delivers Another Knockout Punch. The California representative used her white board to puncture "Big Pharma's fairy tale" -- and leave another chief executive down for the count
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/katie-porter-abbvie-gonzalez-big-pharma-knockout-punch-1171735/

... "Big Pharma fairy tale" (2013-2018):

R&D $2.45B marketing & advertising: $4.72B stock-buybacks and dividends: $50B

stock buyback posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This is Ford's first electric pickup truck, the F-150 Lightning

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: This is Ford's first electric pickup truck, the F-150 Lightning.
Date: 19 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
This is Ford's first electric pickup truck, the F-150 Lightning. The standard-range electric F-150 will start at just under $40,000 before tax credits.
https://arstechnica.com/cars/2021/05/heres-what-we-know-about-fords-electric-f-150-lightning-pickup/
Ford's Electric F-150 Pickup Aims to Be the Model T of E.V.s. If it sells well, an electric version of the best-selling vehicle in the U.S. could help accelerate the move to electric vehicles.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/19/business/ford-electric-vehicle-f-150.html

One of the stories is that Ford went against conventional wisdom of electric cars and chose to do gas cars (gas cars were enormously heavy and engines barely able to move them along). Ford lucked out when he eventually discovered "French Steel" (new process w/vanadium developed in Europe that tripled the strength of steel) ... allowing the weight of the vehicle to be cut significantly (which played major role given how little power was available from gasoline engines of the period).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanadium

Iconoclast: A Neuroscientist Reveals How to Think Differently
https://www.amazon.com/Iconoclast-Neuroscientist-Reveals-Think-Differently/dp/1422115011
pg125/loc1324-28:
The Model T became possible only when Ford heard about a new type of steel that was being smelted in France. French steel contained a secret ingredient, vanadium, which made it three times stronger than regular steel. This changed everything for Ford. As with other iconoclasts, his perception of the automobile instantly changed when he saw what could be done with a vehicle that weighed a third less. Now, little gas engines that struggled to pull a heavy car suddenly weren't so anemic anymore. A little engine could do a lot with a car that didn't weigh very much. The Model T was released in 1908, and within the first year, Ford had sold 10,607 of them, more than any other manufacturer.
... snip ...

Reducing the weight by 2/3rds with two cylinder engine ... made the Model T a significantly more attractive vehicle.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Model_T

some past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#7 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#69 The first personal computer (PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#102 The PC industry is heading for collapse
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#19 OT for sidd about physics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#73 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Anti-virus

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Anti-virus
Date: 20 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
I periodically attribute anti-virus to 1996 MDC at Moscone where all the banners said "Internet" ... but constant refrain in all the sessions was "protect your investment" ... aka embedded script in data files automagically executed ... evolved in environment of local, small, isolated, safe, business networks ... which was being opened to the wild anarchy of the internet w/o additional countermeasures ... over next couple years exploded to become major source of exploits connected to the internet.

virus signatures exploding, thousands, hundreds of thousands, millions
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antivirus_software

before jim gray (I had worked with him at SJR before he left for Tandem) disappeared, he cons me into interviewing for chief security architect in redmond ... the interview went on for a couple weeks, but we could never come to agreement, part of it was countermeasures in lieu of most of the anti-virus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Gray_(computer_scientist)

topic drift; Why Do Computers Stop and What Can Be Done About It?
https://web.archive.org/web/20080724051051/http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~yelick/294-f00/papers/Gray85.txt
precursor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

more drift, grayft84 paper was made on copier at SJR (see pages tagged "IBM SJ 066"). Early 70s, before 370 virtual memory was announced, an internal document leaked to the industry press. IBM security then tried to track down the leaker ... however, one of the results was that all internal IBM copiers were retrofitted so that they would include unique identifier on each page (to help localize any future leaks).

posts mentioning 1996 MDC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#49 Virus propagation risks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#66 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#15 Identifying Latest zOS Fixes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#93 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#97 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#45 New HD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#68 Steve B sees what investors think
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#30 Zeus malware found with valid digital certificate
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#10 It's all K&R's fault
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#11 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#23 weird trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#35 [Poll] Computing favorities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#39 [Poll] Computing favorities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#106 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#69 Open DoD's Doors To Cyber Talent, Carter Asks Congress
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#79 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#19 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#38 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#8 Ironic old "fortune"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#90 Ransomware on Mainframe application ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#14 Mainframe Networking problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#16 The Microsoft security hole at the heart of Russian election hacking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#46 Windows 10 Pro automatic update
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#84 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#64 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#56 Disabled by default: Microsoft ups the ante in its war against VBScript on Internet Explorer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#113 Internet and Business Critical Dataprocessing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#19 What is a mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#45 McAfee antivirus software creator charged with cheating investors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#68 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#74 WEB Security

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Treasury calls for doubling IRS staff to target tax evasion, crypto transfers

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Treasury calls for doubling IRS staff to target tax evasion, crypto transfers
Date: 20 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Treasury calls for doubling IRS staff to target tax evasion, crypto transfers
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/treasury-calls-for-doubling-irs-staff-to-target-tax-evasion-crypto-transfers-164840153.html

2002 congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

spring 2009, IRS announced that it was going after $400B in taxes on money illegally stashed overseas by 52,000 wealthy americans (over and above the new tax loopholes that allowed trillions to be legally stashed overseas) since the start of the century ... then little or nothing in the news.

spring 2011 the new speaker of the house has press conference where he says he is cutting the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering the $400B. Since then there has been periodic news about the banks and financial advisers have been fined a few billion for their part in facilitating illegally stashing trillions overseas (again, over and above the trillions that congressional tax loopholes allowed to be stashed overseas "legally") ... but almost nothing about recovering the $400B in taxes owed on the money illegally stashed overseas.

also spring 2011, the (same) new speaker of the house on local DC radio interview commented that he was placing the new "tea party" party darlings on the tax and revenue committee because those committee members get the most "contributions" from special interests (one of the reasons that congress is called the most corrupt institution on earth).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boehner
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2021/04/john-boehner-memoir-review.html

posts mentioning tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax loopholes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentioning Comptroller General
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
posts mentioning Too Big To Fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning the fed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
posts mentioning the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Drug Industry Money Quietly Backs Media Voices Against Sharing Vaccine Patents

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Drug Industry Money Quietly Backs Media Voices Against Sharing Vaccine Patents
Date: 20 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Drug Industry Money Quietly Backs Media Voices Against Sharing Vaccine Patents. Doctors, economists, lawmakers, and civil society groups fighting the WTO waiver are funded by the pharmaceutical lobby.
https://theintercept.com/2021/05/20/covid-vaccine-patent-waiver-conflicts/

"big pharma", "drug industry", "pharmaceutical lobby"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#7 what does xp do when system is copying
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#0 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#46 not even sort of about The 2010 Census
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#79 Idiotic take on Bush tax cuts expiring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#68 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#0 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#41 Lawmakers reworked financial portfolios after talks with Fed, Treasury officials
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#63 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#81 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#37 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#74 Unthinkable, Predictable Disasters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#79 Romney and Ryan's Phony Deficit-Reduction Plan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#85 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#33 General Mills computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#71 General Mills computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#0 General Mills computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#36 Search Google, 1960:s-style
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#40 Stealth Target of Defense Spending Cuts: America's Highly Effective Socialized Medicine Provider, the VA System, and Military Benefits Generally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#41 Search Google, 1960:s-style
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#43 Search Google, 1960:s-style
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#56 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#97 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#20 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#51 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#27 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#100 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#104 A lifetime ban on lobbying for lawmakers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#66 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#70 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#25 HP splits, again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#27 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#67 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#80 House Republican budget: There's a mysterious $1.1 trillion in spending cuts in the House GOP's budget
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#4 Mandated Spending
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#37 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#77 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#10 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#16 Federal Deficits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#48 Protecting Social Security from the Thieves in the Night
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#30 I Feel Old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#12 Thanks Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#110 The Koch-Fueled Plot to Destroy the VA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#17 Globalization Worker Negotiation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#49 Federal Debt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#53 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#98 Trust in Government Is Collapsing Around the World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#89 E.R. Burroughs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#105 Washington Corruption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#15 How Veterans Are Losing the War at Home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#20 Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#63 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#16 House GOP appallingly votes to conceal cost of Obamacare repeal to taxpayers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#104 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#2 Single Payer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#54 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#103 Health Care Spending
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#50 SS Trust Fund
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#69 Feds Debt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#31 Reminder: It's very unusual to vote on a health-care bill before Congress knows what it will do
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#84 "Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#5 The drug industry's triumph over the DEA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#66 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#90 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#101 Barb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#103 Barb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#53 Patient Advocates Get Big Funding from Big Pharma
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#88 The Pentagon Can't Account for $21 Trillion (That's Not a Typo)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#89 A Secret Opioid Memo That Could Have Slowed an Epidemic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#102 Trump tells Republicans he may begin cutting social security and Medicare if he wins in 2020
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#66 Four Takeaways on Trump's New Medicare Executive Order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#2 Colours on screen (mainframe history question)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#90 'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Larry Summers, the Man Who Won't Shut Up, No Matter How Wrong He's Been

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Larry Summers, the Man Who Won't Shut Up, No Matter How Wrong He's Been
Date: 21 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Larry Summers, the Man Who Won't Shut Up, No Matter How Wrong He's Been
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/05/21/larry-summers-the-man-who-wont-shut-up-no-matter-how-wrong-hes-been/
It said that some Democrats feel the economy is overheating due to Biden's bill. This was not difficult to trace, given that nobody except Larry thinks this. Even the DINOs who thought the bill contained way too much money don't feel the economy is overheating

+++

In 2019, Larry signed onto a paper published by Lukasz Rachel. This looked at the economy under Trump and said things were even worse- that even more mojo might be required.

Fast forward to 2021. Joe Biden got elected- and then stiffed Larry for a job. Larry immediately published several screeds saying that Biden's stimulus package was such an extreme overreaction to a problem that wasn't all that serious that the bill Biden was pushing would cause hyperinflation, and we'd all need to carry money in wheelbarrows to pay for bread and milk.

... snip ...

Neoliberal Champion Larry Summers Opens Mouth, Inserts Both Feet. The former Harvard President and Treasury Secretary offers important thoughts on the negative consequences of aid to the less fortunate
https://taibbi.substack.com/p/neoliberal-champion-larry-summers

... then there is "Is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the Soviet Union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on looting the country (and the Russians needed a Russian to oppose US looting). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20130211131020/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

past refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#42 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#30 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#35 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#57 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#13 Jack Lew Shows His True Colors By Forcing Deregulation of Derivatives on the CFTC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#2 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#98 Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#2 do you blame Harvard for Putin
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#32 Larry Summers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#73 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#59 How Putin Weaponized Wikileaks to Influence the Election of an American President
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#105 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#92 The Lessons of Henry Kissinger
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#56 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#83 Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#65 View of Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#69 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#39 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#69 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#82 John Helmer: Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#50 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#75 Nassim Nicholas Taleb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#77 Nassim Nicholas Taleb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#100 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#45 Why Finance Is Too Important to Leave to Larry Summers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#40 Has Privatization Benefitted the Public?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#132 Ukraine's Post-Independence Struggles, 1991 - 2019
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#76 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Full Story of the Stunning RSA Hack Can Finally Be Told

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Full Story of the Stunning RSA Hack Can Finally Be Told
Date: 21 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Full Story of the Stunning RSA Hack Can Finally Be Told. In 2011, Chinese spies stole the crown jewels of cybersecurity--stripping protections from firms and government agencies worldwide. Here's how it happened.
https://www.wired.com/story/the-full-story-of-the-stunning-rsa-hack-can-finally-be-told/

fraud, exploits, vulnerabilities, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How capitalism is reshaping cities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How capitalism is reshaping cities
Date: 19 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#81 How capitalism is reshaping cities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#85 How capitalism is reshaping cities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#86 How capitalism is reshaping cities
also
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#71 Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)

"Confidence Men" ... holding "too big to fail" accountable
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.
... snip ...

also has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too big to fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

EHM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)
Date: 21 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#71 Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)

The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One - BILL BLACK Pt 1/9
https://theanalysis.news/economy/the-best-way-to-rob-a-bank-is-to-own-one-bill-black-pt-1/
BILL BLACK Pt 2/9 - Best Way to Rob a Bank is to Own One
https://theanalysis.news/interviews/not-published-bill-black-part-2/

S&L crisis posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

posts mentioning "best way to rob a bank"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#26 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#35 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#41 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#43 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#45 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#95 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#32 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#34 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#52 U.S. Big Banks: A Culture of Crime
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#99 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#1 The 1970s engineering recession
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#51 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#20 Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#74 Eric Holder is the Official Missing from Discussions of the Bidens' Ukrainian Efforts

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970





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