List of Archived Posts

2021 Newsgroup Postings (02/23 - 03/25)

Colours on screen (mainframe history question) [EXTERNAL]
Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals
Colours on screen (mainframe history question)
Colours on screen (mainframe history question)
Microsoft president asks Congress to force private-sector orgs to publicly admit when they've been hacked
Z/VM
Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals
More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths
Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
Z/VM
IMS Stories
Lawyers, accountants and other professionals play key role in cross-border financial crime, OECD warns in new report
IBM Wild Ducks
IBM Wild Ducks
IBM Wild Ducks
When Nazis Took Manhattan
When Nazis Took Manhattan
Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
When Nazis Took Manhattan
US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi
Too much for one lifetime? :-)
Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi
System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
The Supreme Court Finally Lets the Light Shine on Trump
System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
IBM Executives
Recent Judge Rakoff Decision May Curb Private Equity Leverage Abuses By Pinning Liability on Directors of Selling Company
Recent Judge Rakoff Decision May Curb Private Equity Leverage Abuses By Pinning Liability on Directors of Selling Company
Rewarding Failure. Why Pentagon Weapons Programs Rarely Get Canceled Despite Major Problems
GAO report finds DOD's weapons programs lack clear cybersecurity guidelines
Some CP67, Future System and other history
Some CP67, Future System and other history
WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening
Teaching IBM class
Teaching IBM Class
IBM Suggestion Program
Just 15% of Americans say they like the way that Donald Trump conducts himself as president
More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths
McAfee antivirus software creator charged with cheating investors
George Marshall: Defender of the Republic
MAINFRAME (4341) History
MAINFRAME (4341) History
IBM CEO
IBM CEO
In Biden's recovery plan, an overdue rebuke of trickle-down economics
IBM CEO
IBM CEO
IBM CEO
IBM CEO
MAINFRAME (4341) History
MAINFRAME (4341) History
MAINFRAME (4341) History
IBM CEO
IBM CEO
MAINFRAME (4341) History
MAINFRAME (4341) History
Distributed Computing
CMS Support
IBM Computer Literacy
ACP/TPF 3083
MAINFRAME (4341) History
Online History
Online History
IBM/BMI/MIB
What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
I/O processors, What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
I/O processors, What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
Led by donkeys: Bank boardrooms lack computer literacy
Led by donkeys: Bank boardrooms lack computer literacy
How to stop T-Mobile and Metro from selling your info to advertisers
Meet the "New Koch Brothers"
Air Force opens first Montessori Officer Training School
Racism's Loud Echoes in America
The Victims of Agent Orange the U.S. Has Never Acknowledged
Russia, not China, tried to influence 2020 election, says US intel community
The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure
IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
How 'Owning the Libs' Became the GOP's Core Belief
How Ike Led
What's Fortran?!?!
How Ike Led
What's Fortran?!?!

Colours on screen (mainframe history question) [EXTERNAL]

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Colours on screen (mainframe history question) [EXTERNAL]
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Tue, 23 Feb 2021 16:49:44 -1000
Gerard Schildberger <gerard46@rrt.net> writes:
I'm not so sure. The IBM 3278 also had color, an optional feature (it had different control codes (than the IBM 3279) for the colors it supported, maybe only four colors?), while the IBM 3279 had essentially eight colors, plus the 3279 could do graphics. The IBM 3278 also had a feature where it could do graphics (but not in color), and it also had a feature where one could hook up a Techtronics printer to the terminal and it could print the displayed graph, not a cheap option. ________________ Gerard Schildberger

3277 with channel attached 3272 controller had .089 hardware response ... with system that gave .11 system response resulted in response seen by human of .199 sec. I did a lot of optimizations for the systems I deployed to get .11 system results to meet the quarter second human factors objective ... and had some fun with datacenters that confused .25 system response with .25 response seen by the person.

3278/3274 moved a lot of 3278 electronics back into the shared 3274 controller (to reduce 3278 manufacturing cost) ... it drastically drove up 3278 hardware response (and coax protocol chatter)

3278 with channel attached 3274 controller had .3-.5 sec hardware response (depending on data, significant increase in the coax protocol between 3278 & 3274) and impossible to give quarter second response.

there was letter written to 3278 product administrator about it degrading use for interactive computing ... eventually got response back that 3278 wasn't for interactive computing but data entry (aka electronic keypunch).

also seen later with IBM/PC 3277 emulator card had 3-4 times the upload/download throughpt of IBM/PC 3278 emulator card (because of the difference in coax protocol chatter).

with electronics in the 3277 terminal ... it was possible to tie techtronics graphics display into the side of the head, 3277ga ... sort of less expensive 2250/3250 graphics terminal.

Note this says 3277 was "CUT" (like 3278) ... but doesn't mention 3277 "ANR". We actually did hardware hacks in the 3277 keyboard which changed the key-repeat delay and key-repeat rate ... which wasn't possible w/3278 since all the 3278 key processing went out to the controller and then back (and the things like repeat delay&rate was implemented in the controller)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_3270#CUT_vs._DFT
There are two types of 3270 displays in respect to where the 3270 data stream terminates. For CUT (Control Unit Terminal) displays, the stream terminates in the display controller, the controller instructs the display to move the cursor, position a character, etc. For DFT (Distributed Function Terminal) type displays, most of the 3270 data stream is forwarded to the display by the controller. The display interprets the 3270 protocol itself.

... trivia: my key-repeat rate hack was faster than the 3277 screen could be updated ... noticeable with cursor positioning ... the cursor would continue moving after I lifted my finger ... it took some practice with timing to lift my finger and have the cursor stop at the exact position I wanted.

notice: MVS/TSO users didn't notice the 3277/3278 difference since they were extremely lucky if they even had a system that managed to do one second system response (for them, all the stuff about interactive computing human factors and quarter second response lived in a total different universe)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals
Date: 23 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#98 Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals

People with extremist views less able to do complex mental tasks, research suggests. Cambridge University team say their findings could be used to spot people at risk from radicalisation
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2021/feb/22/people-with-extremist-views-less-able-to-do-complex-mental-tasks-research-suggests

... aka ... what is cause and what is effect??? ... from studies of religious fundamentalism and brain problems

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#68 I quit this NG
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#88 I quit this NG
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#90 Scientists have established a link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#31 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Colours on screen (mainframe history question)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Colours on screen (mainframe history question)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Wed, 24 Feb 2021 06:54:20 -1000
charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:
The 2250 was a BEAST! Graphics. Light pen. A separate function key keypad. You could put typewritten labels in the function keys, and light up the allowed keys under program control. Had an 1130 computer under the hood as its controller. (No wonder it cost $$$.) The very first 360 application I ever saw was a 2250-driving system written in PL/I for one of the big pharmas -- trying to remember who. It was written by John Gilmore and Associates. (Yes, our very own IBMMAIN John Gilmore.) The idea was you could simulate the flow of a drug through the body, complete with a graphical representation. I don't believe it ever exactly worked. This would have been in 1969.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#0 Colours on screen (mainframe history question)

2250-1 had 360 channel interface controller, 2250-4 had a 1130 as "controller" ... both about $100k.

when i joined science center, found somebody that had ported pdp-1 space wars
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spacewar!
to the science center 2250-4 ... I would sometimes bring my kids in on weekends to play spacewars
http://www.ibm1130.net/functional/DisplayUnit.html

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

before I had graduated, I had been hired into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Servers (consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, just Renton datacenter had $200M-$300M in IBM 360s, 360-65s were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room).

Boeing Huntsville had gotten a duplex (two processor) 360/67 ... supposedly to support tss/360 running a bunch of 2250s doing cadcam. TSS/360 never quite came to production fruition ... so ran split was two 360/65 systems with os/360. Because os/360 storage management was so bad ... it had horrible time (dealing with extreme storage fragmention) with long running tasks ... like 2250 cadcam programs. Boeing Huntsville had crafted virtual memory into the side of MVT R13 ... it didn't do any paging ... virtual memory was same size as real memory ... but it was used to rearrange addresses to make things look contiguous (as countermeasure to MVTs horrible time dealing with storage fragmentation).

trivia: a decade ago, I was asked to track down the decision to make all 370 systems virtual memory. basically MVT storage management was so bad, regions had to typically be four times as large as normally used ... so a 1mbyte 370/165 ran with just four regions. Adding virtual memory with 16mbyte address space, allowed number of regions to be increased by factor of four with little or no paging. VS2 started out as SVS ... basically a little more than the Boeing Huntsville MVT ... but a single 16mbyte virtual address space with CCWTRANS borrowed from CP67 (precusor to vm370) crafted into the side of EXCP (copy made of the application channel programs with real addresses substituted for virtual addresses) ... approx. the same was running standard MVT in a CP67 16mbyte virtual machine. archived 11mar2011 post in afc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

other trivia: as undergraduate (before joining Boeing) ... I did some playing with 360/67 and CP67. MIT Lincoln Labs was the 1st CP67 (after science center itself) installation ... with a configuration similar to Boeing Huntsville ... but running CP67. They had written a CMS 2250-1 drivers for fortran. I had crafted their 2250-1 driver into CMS edit ... for fullscreen editor.

more trivia: IBM came out with 3277ga ... a tektronics graphics display wired into the side of 3277 (sort of inexpensive 2250). Eventually IBM came out with 2250 replacement in the 80s, the 3250 ... which they had relogoed from another vendor.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Colours on screen (mainframe history question)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Colours on screen (mainframe history question)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Wed, 24 Feb 2021 07:03:14 -1000
smetz3@GMU.EDU (Seymour J Metz) writes:
GDDM was far from the only product to support color on the 3279. There was support in DIDOCS )a component of, e.g., MVS), ISPF and XEDIT (a component of VM/SP). GDDM used a hack with PSS to do graphics, befor APA came out.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#0 Colours on screen (mainframe history question)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#0 Colours on screen (mainframe history question)

little drift, author of REX(X) did xmas exec original 1981 (not the chrisma exec/worm on bitnet dec1987), if ran on 3279, it would blink colored lights. I've tried to do HTML emulation ... archived here (colors & blinking aren't as bright as 3279 original)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#54

required rex>=2.5 (internal version before renamed for release to customers) and FSX (to blink colored lights).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Microsoft president asks Congress to force private-sector orgs to publicly admit when they've been hacked

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Microsoft president asks Congress to force private-sector orgs to publicly admit when they've been hacked
Date: 24 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
Microsoft president asks Congress to force private-sector orgs to publicly admit when they've been hacked. Senate intelligence committee hears ideas in light of SolarWinds disaster
https://www.theregister.com/2021/02/24/microsoft_solarwinds_congress/

in late 90s, we were brought into help wordsmith some cal. state legislation. At the time they were working on electronic signature, data breach notification, and opt-in personal information sharing. there were several organization that were involved heavily in privacy issues that had done detailed public surveys. The #1 issue was identity theft ... specifically the kind involving fraudulent financial transactions as result of data breaches. At the time, there was little or nothing being done. A specific issues was that entities normally take security measures in self interest, however in the case of these breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public. It was hoped that institutions might take breach countermeasures as a result of bad publicity (related to breach notification).

data breach posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

Also did some time in (financial industry) infrastructure protection meetings (in white house annex)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection

... there was big push for (all industry) information sharing of exploits ... however in the financial industry meetings the hot button was that the ISACs not be a gov. body and subject to freedom of information requests ... not worried about the exploits circulating among the criminals ... but the public finding out about all the breaches. fs-isac https://www.fsisac.com/

ISAC &/or critical infrastrucutre protection posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#31 Electronic Safety and Soundness: A Four Pillar Approach; Public Policy Issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#7 The Digital Insider: Backdoor Trojans ... fyi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay12.htm#25 Cyber Security In The Financial Services Sector
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#11 Hannaford case exposes holes in law, some say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#82 Data sharing among Industry players about frauds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#8 The end of the baby boomers, US bonds maturing, and then what?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#48 Bankers as Partners In Crime Stopping
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#47 Cyber crime 'more profitable than drugs'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#11 Banks should share cyber crime information IT PRO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#27 FBI: National data-breach law would help fight cybercrime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#45 ATM machines are increasingly attractive to hackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#19 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#76 Mainframe hacking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#18 Electronic Theft Costs Businesses More Than Physical Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#20 Electronic Theft Costs Businesses More Than Physical Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#69 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#57 Law Interfering with Cybersecurity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#27 Measuring Cyberfraud, the fall rate of sky, and other metrics from the market for Silver Bullets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#23 Security 2012: Blood in the Water
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#45 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#48 Driver's licenses for the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#80 U.S. Cybersecurity Debate Risks Leaving Critical Infrastructure in the Dark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#60 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#20 Are mothers naturally better at OODA because they always have the Win in mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#44 Time to Think ... and to Listen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#82 Defense budget casualties light on civilian side
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#88 Defense acquisitions are broken and no one cares
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#2 What are the implication of the ongoing cyber attacks on critical infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#5 What are the implication of the ongoing cyber attacks on critical infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#89 FAA air traffic facility consolidation effort already late
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#21 The Age of Unsatisfying Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#34 Israel Has A Long List Of Problems But Its New Missile Defense Isn't One Of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#37 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#42 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#78 Millennials have been plugged in pretty much since birth, which naturally means they'd be more adept at understanding the tech world than Gen X or even Baby Boomers, right?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#22 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#13 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#19 SnOODAn: Boyd, Snowden, and Resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#58 2012 History Conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#63 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#77 U.S. banks on high alert against cyberattacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#45 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#20 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#10 EBCDIC and the P-Bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#65 The Real Snowden Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#76 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#70 Alan Grayson: Is Keith Alexander Selling Classified Information to the Banks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#100 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#15 Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#14 President to Issue Executive Order Encouraging Threat Intelligence Sharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#74 N.Y. Bank Regulator Says Third-Party Vendors Provide Backdoor to Hackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#99 Cyber Threat Sharing is Great in Theory, But Tough in Practice
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#39 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#6 Repealing Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#17 Cybercrime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#20 Computer theft 1971
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#19 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#80 Languages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#96 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#102 Electronic Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#85 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#16 The Microsoft security hole at the heart of Russian election hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#84 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#32 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#10 Graph database on z/OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#56 Famous paper on security and source code from the '60s or '70s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#56 Mexico Foiled a $110 Million Bank Heist, Then Kept It a Secret
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#94 Private sector needs a little sumthin' sumthin' to get it sharing threat intel - US security chap
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#10 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Z/VM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Z/VM
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Wed, 24 Feb 2021 08:13:46 -1000
Dean.F.Nai@DOIT.NH.GOV (Nai, Dean) writes:
... where you might infer that IBM's z/VM culture is more receptive to user-provided content than z/OS. History, I guess.

trivia: CP67 started out shipping with full source ... and a source update based maintenance process.

science center had joint distributed project with endicott (part of the inception of the internal network larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) to implement 370 virtual machines in cp67 (simulate 370 architecture virtual memory virtual machines running on real 360/67). As part of that effort, the multi-level update process was implemented.

when I joined the science center, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters (including the online, world-wide, sales&marketing HONE systems).

So eventually cambridge ran CP67L on the real 360/67 machine (CP67 with lots of internal enhancements)

In 360/67 virtual machine, would run CP67H (updates to provide 370 architecture virtual machines). The issue in cambridge was there were some number of online use by staff, students, and professors from boston/cambridge univ ... and 370 virtual memory hadn't been announced and security about it had to be kept high.

In CP67H 370 virtual machine, ran CP67I ... CP67 modified for 370 architecture.

So multi-level updates were "L", then "H", then "I" ... CMS running in 370 virtual machine under CP67I running in 370 virtual machine under CP67H running in 360/67 virtual machine under CP67L running on real 360/67.

This mode was regularly running a year before Endicott had the first engineering 370 with virtual memory hardware operational. In fact, IPL'ing CP67I was used as the initial test case for that engineering machine.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

As real 370s machines with virtual memory started to propagate around IBM, most of them were running CP67SJ (CP67I with San Jose device driver support for 3330s and 2305s) ... and eventually migrated to VM370 as the CP67->VM370 product rewrite began to reach production level. The VM370 product had periodic source releases and monthly PLC maint. releases with the accumulated source fixes&updates for the latest release.

In the 23jun1969 unbundling announcement that started to charge for software, IBM had managed to make the case that kernel (operating system) software should still be free.

unbundling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

During the early to mid-70s "Future System" effort (that was going too completely replace 370), 370 efforts were being shutdown (lack of new 370 products is credited with giving clone 370 makers a market foothold). With the failure of FS, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... as well as decision to transition to charging for all software.

future system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

This was followed in the early 80s by the OCO-wars (object code only, no longer any source availability). Some of this can be seen in VMSHARE archives (in Aug1976, TYMSHARE started offering their cms-based online computer conferencing system **aka precursor to modern social media** free to SHARE as VMSHARE)
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

Note in the later half of 70s, there was study of local source updates by internal and external datacenters. They found that the internal "COMMON" system and the external WATERLOO TAPE had about the same number of lines of code ... and both had more total lines of code than the base system.

posts mentioning waterloo tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#15 Blame it all on Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#2 IBM OS source code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#66 History of project maintenance tools -- what and when?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#75 History of project maintenance tools -- what and when?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#2 History of project maintenance tools -- what and when?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#49 Determining processor status without IPIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#3 Trying to design low level hard disk manipulation program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#19 old vm370 mitre benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#9 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#73 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#30 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#42 VM/370 Release 6 Waterloo tape (CIA MODS)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#48 VM/370 Release 6 Waterloo tape (CIA MODS)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#16 5 Byte Device Addresses?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#75 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#59 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#76 git, z/OS and COBOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#93 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#65 System recovered from Princeton/Melinda backup/archive tapes

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals
Date: 24 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#98 Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#1 Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals

Extremists struggle with certain kinds of brain processing, research shows
https://www.livescience.com/extremist-psychological-traits.html

... again, what is cause and affect??? .... are they more likely to become extremists because they perform poorly at complex mental tasks .... or do they have trouble with complex mental tasks because they have become extremists????

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths
Date: 24 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths, 160,000 Life Years Lost Due to Cuts in Care
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/02/more-evidence-that-private-equity-kills-estimated-20000-increase-in-nursing-home-deaths-160000-life-years-lost-due-to-cuts-in-care.html

Does Private Equity Investment in Healthcare Benefit Patients? Evidence from Nursing Homes
https://www.nber.org/papers/w28474

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
Date: 24 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/02/the-bunker-a-funny-thing-happened-on-the-way-to-the-runway/
After decades of hearing about gold-plated aircraft like the B-2, F-22, and F-35, it's refreshing to see that the Air Force is banking hard toward a new lower-cost fighter. "I don't know that it actually would be the F-16," General Charles "CQ" Brown, the service's chief of staff, said February 17. "Actually, I want to be able to build something new and different that's not the F-16." Admittedly, The Bunker has a soft spot for the tried-and-true Fighting Falcon, given that it was the first fighter* he ever flew. But its punch-price ratio is tough to beat, which is one reason why 27 nations around the world have flown the agile aircraft since the Air Force took delivery of the first one in 1979.
... snip ...

Boyd had invented E/M theory and used it to redo the original F15 design, cutting weight nearly in half. Then was responsible for YF16 & YF17 ... which becomes the F16 and F18.

Boyd would talk about building a much simpler F16 ... that was easier and faster to maintain (much lower cost, better MTBF, greater flying hrs per maint. hrs, aka at least ten times the planes in the air per dollar, between lower cost and greater flying time) ... which fit with the F20/tigershark. They realized that US wouldn't accept such a plane ... so they started targeting to export market. However, for every likely prospect, military-industrial(-congressional) complex (MIC) moved in and got directed appropriation USAID (could only spent purchasing F16s). The candidate countries would say the F20 was much better suited for their purposes ... but it would cost them money, where they could get F16 essentially for "free".

Tigershark
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F-20_Tigershark
A case study of the F-20 Tigershark
http://www.rand.org/pubs/papers/P7495/
F-20 - The Tigershark Survivors
http://www.johnweeks.com/f20/index.html
In the end, the F-20 Tigershark was reported to use 53% less fuel, required 52% less maintenance, had 63% lower operating costs, was four times more reliable, and had the fastest scramble time of any fighter jet in the world. That made it the finest fighter aircraft that never went into production.
... snip ...

boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

f20/tigershark posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#8 scheduling & dynamic adaptive ... long posting warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#14 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#1 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#2 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#45 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#13 News Release
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#3 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#4 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#6 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#7 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#8 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#10 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#25 Latest Principles of Operation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#40 EZPass: Yes, Big Brother IS Watching You!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#30 Signposts on the US Government's Trail of IT Failures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#4 Expanding U.S. Tactical Aviation's "Approved Belief"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#16 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#63 Did anybody ever build a Simon?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#51 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#41 The Heritage Foundation, Then and Now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#72 Sunday Book Review: Mind of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#19 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#45 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#50 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#1 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#43 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#78 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#57 Boyd F15, F16, F20
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#11 This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#91 Why F-5s Beat Out F-16s For The Navy's Latest Commercial Aggressor Contract

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
Date: 24 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter

To somewhat go along with Boyd's story about simpler/cheaper F16 ... he told story about being ask to review a new USAF missile. They brought in a pile of documents and a film showing it hitting flares on a drone every time. He asks them to reshow the film and then asks them to stop just before the missile hit the flare. He asks them what short of targeting it has and they saw heat seeking. He then asks them what kind of heat-seeking and eventually gets them to say "pin-point". He them asks them what is the hottest part of a jet fighter and they say the engine. He says no(!) its in the plume 30yrs behind the engine, the only time it will hit the plane if it is shooting directly up the tail flt. They gather up all their material and leave. Roll forward to Vietnam and he is proved right. At one point the USAF general on the ground, grounds all USAF fighters and have the USAF missile replaced with the Navy sidewinder (which has better than twice the kill rate as the USAF missile). The general last 3months before being replaced and called back to the pentagon. He had violated fundamental military-industry complex rules, he was being more effective which reduced the costs ... but even more important he was increasing the Navy's budget share at the expense of the USAF budget (from the distance of the pentagon, the vietnam war was viewed as a fiscal matter).

"John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel"
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"

... snip ...

boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
Date: 24 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#9 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter

As AI takes over more & more ... fighters will increasingly become autonomous vehicles with missiles. Already F16 are flown by computer. It had relaxed stability airframe that a pilot doesn't have reaction time to control directly. The stick provided the pilots intention and the computer figured out what needed to be done. How the F-16 Became the World's First Fly-By-Wire Combat Aircraft
http://www.f-16.net/articles_article13.html
relaxed stability
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relaxed_stability
which required computer controlled fly-by-wire (pilot provides intention, and computers decide how to do it).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly-by-wire

boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some related recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#91 Why F-5s Beat Out F-16s For The Navy's Latest Commercial Aggressor Contract
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#43 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#46 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#73 General Dynamics F16
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#96 IBM Innovation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
Date: 24 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#9 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#10 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter

The Air Force Secretly Designed, Built, and Flew a Brand-New Fighter Jet. And it all happened in just one year. Yes, that's mind-blowing.
https://www.esquire.com/news-politics/a35290111/air-force-secret-new-fighter-jet/
Yes, the U.S. Air Force Wants Sixth-Generation Stealth Fighters. Strangely enough that means even the new F-35 will soon be out of date.
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/reboot/yes-us-air-force-wants-sixth-generation-stealth-fighters-168028

point was made at 2011 USNI conference at the academy that F-35 was going through 30yr generation (having started in the 90s and already obsolete) while drones/UAV were going through 12 generations/yr.

Time to Put the Broken and Bloated F-35 Program to Rest?
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/time-put-broken-and-bloated-f-35-program-rest-154036
The F-16's Replacement Won't Have a Pilot at All. Somehow, Skyborg will be an operational weapon system in just three years.
https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/aviation/a33264422/us-combat-jet-drone/
Air Force's 'Skyborg' Robotic Wingman Will Revolutionize How Air Warfare Is Waged--And How Weapons Are Bought
https://www.forbes.com/sites/lorenthompson/2020/08/28/air-forces-skyborg-robotic-wingman-will-revolutionize-how-air-warfare-is-waged-and-how-weapons-are-bought/#522378856e76
Understanding the Promise of Skyborg and Low-Cost Attritable Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
https://www.mitchellaerospacepower.org/single-post/understanding-the-promise-of-skyborg-and-low-cost-attritable-unmanned-aerial-vehicles

... sounds like MIC is attempting to "LINUX" weapons but with the gov. owning the rights ... not the companies ... as opposed to real "open source"

A Dogfight Renews Concerns About AI's Lethal Potential. Alphabet's DeepMind pioneered reinforcement learning. A California company used it to create an algorithm that defeated an F-16 pilot in a simulation.
https://www.wired.com/story/dogfight-renews-concerns-ai-lethal-potential/
Round One: Machine beats man in air-combat exercise
https://publicintegrity.org/national-security/future-of-warfare/machine-beats-man-in-air-combat-simulations/
Military AI vanquishes human fighter pilot in F-16 simulation. How scared should we be? Artificial intelligence can master difficult combat skills at warp speed, but the Pentagon's futurists must remain mindful of its limitations and risks.
https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/military-ai-vanquishes-human-fighter-pilot-f-16-simulation-how-ncna1238773
AI wins flawless victory against human F-16 fighter pilot in DARPA dogfight
https://taskandpurpose.com/military-tech/darpa-artificial-intelligence-dogfight-competition

... around 1980, the author of REXX did a multi-user 3270 spacewar game ... involved a server with clients on the same machine or different machines (used the internal IBM SPM modification, which was supported over the internal network). Almost immediately "robot" players appeared that were dominating all the human players ... making movements much faster than human players. To somewhat level play field, movements faster that nominal human response, energy use was increased non-linearly

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some past posts about 3270 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#72 OT: One for the historians - 360/91
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#27 instant messaging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#22 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#67 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#5 real-time messages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#74 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#68 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#99 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#1 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#5 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#62 Play the Pentagon-Funded Video Game That Predates Pong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#37 CMS style XMITMSG for Unix and other platforms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#46 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Z/VM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Z/VM
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Wed, 24 Feb 2021 15:32:52 -1000
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
During the early to mid-70s "Future System" effort (that was going too completely replace 370), 370 efforts were being shutdown (lack of new 370 products is credited with giving clone 370 makers a market foothold). With the failure of FS, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... as well as decision to transition to charging for all software.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#5 Z/VM

the other glitch in the mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, was that the head of POK managed to convince corporate that MVS/XA wouldn't be able to ship on time unless the vm370 product was killed, the development group shutdown, and all the people transfered to POK.

Endicott did eventually manage to save the VM370 product mission but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch ... some of this can be seen in the vmshare archive about vm370 code quality during this period.
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

they weren't planning on telling the vm370 group about it (killing the product and moving all the people to POK) until just before the shutdown and move ... in order to minimize the number of people that might be able to escape. The information did leak early and some number escaped. This was in the early formative days of (DEC VAX) VMS and the joke was that the head of POK was one of the major contributors to VMS.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IMS Stories

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IMS Stories
Date: 25 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#72 IMS Stories

update on fedwire and 100% availability (no more)

Fed Outage Raises Questions on Wall Street as Services Restored. Fed website says disruptions were discovered around 11:15 a.m. Fed services handle millions of payment transactions every day
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-02-24/fed-investigating-outage-in-interbank-payment-system

availability posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available
loosly-coupled/cluster shared data architecture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

other posts mentioning fedwire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#17 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#76 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#5 Privacy, Identity theft, account fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#20 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#41 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#88 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#3 Banks Face Ongoing Cyber Threats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#67 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#6 NASA unplugs their last mainframe

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lawyers, accountants and other professionals play key role in cross-border financial crime, OECD warns in new report

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Lawyers, accountants and other professionals play key role in cross-border financial crime, OECD warns in new report
Date: 25 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
Lawyers, accountants and other professionals play key role in cross-border financial crime, OECD warns in new report. The forum of wealthy nations urges countries to target and disrupt 'enablers' of tax evasion, money laundering and other illicit finance.
https://www.icij.org/inside-icij/2021/02/lawyers-accountants-and-other-professionals-play-key-role-in-cross-border-financial-crime-oecd-warns-in-new-report/

tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Wild Ducks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Wild Ducks
Date: 25 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
... the 100th year wild duck video was about a customer ... all references to wild duck employees appeared to have been expunged. note ... FS failure in the mid-70s appeared to have started it ...from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

... trivia: FS was going to completely replace 370 and was completely different ... and so advance that clone makers couldn't keep up ... but IBM wasn't able to do it either. I was told that the only way to get promotion and/or raise during the period was transfer to FS group. However I continued to work on 360/370 stuff all during FS era and would periodically ridicule the FS activity (not exactly a career enhancing activity) ... drawing analogy with a long running cult film playing down in central sq (cambridge). It wasn't the first time I was told no promotion or raises.

IBM use to have development, 1-3yrs out, advanced technology 3-6yrs out and research, 6-10yrs out. During FS all 370 related efforts were being killed off (the lack of new 370 products during FS is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold, just the exact opposite of what FS was suppose to do). With the demise of FS, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines and most of the advance technology groups were thrown into the breach ... sacrificing a whole next new generation of technology and products.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

some recent wild duck posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#59 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#14 Leaked IBM email says cutting 'redundant' jobs is a 'permanent and ongoing' part of its business model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#96 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#109 Airlines Reservation Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#17 Why Large Companies Can't Innovate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#56 Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#93 An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#29 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#109 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#37 Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#23 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#49 The 50 Largest Stashes of Cash Companies Keep Overseas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#1 Service Bureau Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#96 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#33 Cluster Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#61 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#12 For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#119 IBM Acronyms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#0 IBM "Wild Ducks"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#8 IBM CEOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#39 IBM Tech
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#45 Boyd, OODA-loop and Agile Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#52 Amdahl Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#82 Kinder/Gentler IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#97 IBM Glory days

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Wild Ducks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Wild Ducks
Date: 25 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#14 IBM Wild Ducks

S/38 (as future system implementation) was greatly simplified. Part of FS was single-level store ... somewhat from TSS/360. Part of the S/38 design simplification was treating all disks as single pool ... with record scatter allocation. That met that all disks had to be backed up as single operation and any single disk failure (common at the time) met the disk replaced and then the whole file system restored. Not bad for small system with one or a few disks ... but imagine a mainframe system with a couple hundred disks ... system would spend all its time unavailable doing backups ... aka single disk failure, replace the single disk and then do a restore of the whole filesystem involving a couple hundred 3330 disks (@200mbyte times 200-300 from 9track tapes)

One of the things I did during the FS period was implement a page-mapped filesystem for CMS ... and would comment I learned what not to do from TSS/360 experience. It became impossible to make much progress with it because of the horrible reputation that paged filesystems got from FS.

One of the final nails in FS coffin was study by the IBM Houston science center, that if 370/195 application (in this case the Eastern System/One TPF airline res system) was moved to FS machine made out of fastest available technology, it would have the throughput of of 370/145 (30 times slowdown). There was lots of headroom between the throughput requirements of the S/38 market and available technology.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
CMS page/memory mapped filesystem posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

recent S/38 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#12 Soon, the Only Alternatives to Windows Server will be open-source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#18 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#5 DOS & OS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#69 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#28 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#54 Tachyum Prodigy: performance from architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#95 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#37 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#49 PC Personal Computing Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#118 The Post-IBM World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#52 S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#2 S/38, AS/400
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#32 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#33 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#10 IBM Midrange today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#50 does anyone recall any details about MVS/XA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#7 IBM & Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#20 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#48 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#49 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#68 IBM S/38

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Wild Ducks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Wild Ducks
Date: 25 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#14 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#15 IBM Wild Ducks

trivia: one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... including world-wide, online sales&marketing support HONE systems.

late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) ... it really kicked off in volume after I distributed a trip report of visit to Jim Gray at Tandem (apr1981) ... the resulting activity from that trip report came to be called Tandem Memos (while only 300 some actively participated, claims that it was being followed by some 25,000). Folklore is that when corporate executive committee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me. One of the explanations of why I wasn't fired was because so many production datacenters were running my systems. From IBMJargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Nazis Took Manhattan

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: When Nazis Took Manhattan
Date: 25 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
When Nazis Took Manhattan
https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2019/02/20/695941323/when-nazis-took-manhattan

American Nazis Rally in New York City. On February 20, 1939, the pro-Nazi German American Bund drew more than 20,000 people to a rally in Madison Square Garden.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#92

part of not fighting Germany, significant US corporate institutions were supporting Germany and the Nazis ... and major US politicians were supporting Fascists political party and military overthrow of the "socialist" Roosevelt. Members of congress behind the neutrality law ... claims it was reaction to the enormous US war profiteering in WW1. Those doing business with Germany was respinning neutrality as isolationism

US wasn't in the war and Stalin was effectively fighting the Germans all alone and worried that Japan would attack from the east ... opening up a second front. Stalin wanted US to come in against Japan (making sure Japan had limited resources to open up a 2nd front against the Soviet Union). US assistant SECTREAS Harry Dexter White was operating on behalf of the Soviet Union and Stalin sends White a draft of demands for US to present to Japan that would provoke Japan into attacking US and drawing US into the war.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
demands were included in the Hull Note which Japan received just prior to decision to attack Perl Harbor, hull note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
More Venona
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project
https://www.nsa.gov/news-features/declassified-documents/venona/

Benn Stein in "The Battle of Bretton Woods" spends pages 55-58 discussing "Operation Snow".
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/
pg56/loc1065-66:
The Soviets had, according to Karpov, used White to provoke Japan to attack the United States. The scheme even had a name: "Operation Snow," snow referring to White.
... snip ...

also: another example of White acting as an agent of influence for the Soviet Union was his obstruction of an authorized $200 million loan to Nationalist China in 1943, which he had been officially instructed to execute. ... contributing to Nationalist loosing China.

D-day was somewhat side-show for Germany ... majority of German military resources were in the east dealing with 500 Soviet divisions. The total of all US WW2 forces, 90-division "gamble" for *ALL* WW2 theaters
https://www.armydivs.com
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_divisions_during_World_War_II
The 90-division gamble
https://history.army.mil/books/70-7_15.htm

past posts mentioning Harry Dexter White
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#53 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#4 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#81 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#71 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#49 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#35 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#82 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Nazis Took Manhattan

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: When Nazis Took Manhattan
Date: 25 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan

detailed study of D-day and invasion of france, Sand and Steel, Germany was so depleted by D-day that military made up of teenagers, seniors, and recuperating wounded (from eastern front) using horses for transport,
https://www.amazon.com/Sand-Steel-Invasion-Liberation-France-ebook/dp/B07PPVG8HG/
pg38/loc1415-18:
It still comes as a surprise to many that the German Army in Normandy was predominantly horse-drawn. When Second Lieutenant Bob Sheehan of the US 60th Chemical Company (an outfit responsible for smoke weapons) breasted a rise over the dunes of Omaha on 7 June, he saw 'a mind-shattering sight that convinced me the war was as good as won. It was a dead horse. The poor animal was still attached to the wagon it had been pulling.

pg39/loc1421-24:
We have already noted that 115,000 of them were assigned to OB West, with exactly 33,739 on the books of the Seventh Army on 1 March 1944, and another ten thousand arriving by 1 June. 60 These numbers came as a shock to Rommel, who, of course, had commanded the 7th Panzer Division in 1940 and the Afrika Korps in 1941-3, neither of which used horses.

pg47/loc1600-1604:
The stature of the Nazi war machine, forged in North Africa, Italy and on the Eastern Front, was still feared in 1944, though demonstrably hollowed out. It also helped Berlin that the Western Allies, particularly the 21st Army Group, were also excessively cautious, which played to the German inclination - despite their convoluted command - of tactical speed of reaction. Finally, it also suited many Allied commanders after the war to talk up the prowess of their opponents, making the achievement of subduing them all the greater.
... snip ...

Roosevelt didn't believe that US could defeat Japan without Soviets and had agreement with Stalin where Soviet would come in against Japan after they defeated Germany. Other reference "The Cover-Up at Omaha Beach"
https://www.amazon.com/Cover-Up-Omaha-Beach-Rangers-Battery-ebook/dp/B00J75ISNU/

After defeating Germany, Soviets sent 1.5M troops to Manchuria and quickly defeated 1M Japanese. By comparison, US had 600K (and lots of battleship shelling) to defeat 76k Japanese in Okinawa. Alternative history about Japanese surrender was that Soviets was within 3days of invading the homeland (while US was still months away).

past refs sand&steel:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#91 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#15 Scientist, war hero and gay icon Alan Turing is new face of the GBP50 note
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#45 Sand and Steel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#93 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#73 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#79 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#16 Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Loathed Lean?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism

other posts mentioning Soviets fighting in Manchuria
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#74 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#72 This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#82 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#68 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
Date: 26 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
https://thewarhorse.org/veterans-reflect-operation-desert-storm-ground-war-thirtieth-anniversary/

... note in the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

... roll back

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Then in the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War
including WMDs (note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war

team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
Date: 26 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#20 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

... roll forward

Before the Iraq2 invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of arms from US companies, aka additional congressional gifts to military-industrial complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

Three Wars, No Victory - Why?
https://www.nationalreview.com/magazine/2021/03/08/three-wars-no-victory-why/amp/

... "forever wars", keep the money flowing, simple wargaming has shown that. "John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel":
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"
... snip ...

.. similar to hypothesis that gov. contractors and beltway bandits wargamed the success of failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
Date: 26 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#20 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#21 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

... and roll back again

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

.... and other trivia

As VP, Bush repeatedly claimed he knew nothing about Iran-Contra because he was full-time administration person deregulating the financial industry causing the S&L crises
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
later when the VP was president, it came out that he had also ran Iran-Contra (Barr was his attorney general when president pardons Iran-Contra individuals). Then after turn of the century another son is president and presides over the huge cut in taxes, huge increase in spending, explosion in debt, the economic mess (70 times larger than his father's S&L crises) and the forever wars

Jonathan Pollard, spy who passed US secrets to Israel, arrives in Jewish state to start new life
https://www.cnn.com/2020/12/30/middleeast/jonathan-pollard-israel-arrival-intl/index.html

Iran-Contra and Pollard
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Pollard
stumbled across VP Bush's Iran-Contra shipment, "The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World"
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/
loc2752-54:
Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White House operation of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither Pollard nor the government of Israel was aware that they had smashed George Bush's first shipment of arms to Iran."

loc2764-65:
Despite his best efforts to silence Pollard, Weinberger would not escape his own entanglement in the Iran-Contra conspiracy, for which he would ultimately face criminal charges.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Nazis Took Manhattan

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: When Nazis Took Manhattan
Date: 26 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#19 When Nazis Took Manhattan

Far-right Trump backers weaponized Christianity against democracy and could do it again. I was assaulted by a Proud Boys supporter in a foreshadowing of the hate to come. I saw that same look on the faces of those who ravaged the Capitol.
https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/voices/2021/02/25/white-supremacy-violence-are-sickness-not-christianity-column/4555936001/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

recent far right, white supremacy, fascists and/or nazi posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#91 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#0 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#45 Sand and Steel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#93 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#57 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#64 Capitalism as we know it is dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#73 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#79 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#84 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#85 Just and Unjust Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#112 When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#125 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#143 "Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#145 The Plots Against the President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#161 Fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#6 Onward, Christian fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#14 Book on monopoly (IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#16 Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Loathed Lean?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#24 Promtheus' Fire: Climate Change in the Time of Willful Ignorance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#30 Trump and Republican Party Racism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#33 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#34 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#44 American Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#51 Sacking the Capital and Honor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#92 American Nazis Rally in New York City

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi
Date: 26 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi
https://www.cnn.com/2021/02/26/politics/biden-administration-khashoggi-report/index.html?utm_content=2021-02-26T18%3A24%3A36
Newly Declassified U.S. Report Holds Saudi Crown Prince Responsible for Khashoggi Killing The release of the report by the Biden administration was a sign that the new president will try to isolate Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/26/us/politics/jamal-khashoggi-killing-cia-report.html

past post:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#21 Saudi ruler aimed to 'silence' Washington Post

past refs:

In Death, Khashoggi Exposes the Corruption of Kushner and Trump
https://medium.com/s/story/in-death-khashoggi-exposes-the-corruption-of-kushner-and-trump-236c85e659aa
Jared Kushner advised Saudi prince on how to 'weather' Khashoggi slaying, report says
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/12/09/jared-kushner-advised-saudi-prince-after-khashoggi-murder-report-says/2257098002/
Kushner allowed Saudis to arrest Khashoggi
https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20191104-kushner-allowed-saudis-to-arrest-khashoggi/
Military leader of Syrian Kurds tells US 'you are leaving us to be slaughtered'
https://www.cnn.com/2019/10/12/politics/syrian-kurds-us-turkey-military-operation/index.html
Report: Trump Secretly Sold Nuclear Technology To Saudi Arabia
https://mavenroundtable.io/theintellectualist/news/report-trump-secretly-sold-nuclear-technology-to-saudi-arabia-ghyRWpmKKk-Odo-zLzR9vg
Trump administration 'is considering granting Saudi Crown Prince Salman immunity in lawsuit that accused him of sending a squad of hit men to Canada to assassinate rival's top aide'
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9082349/Trump-administration-considering-granting-MbS-immunity-lawsuit-accusing-ordering-hit.html
US troops in anguish as the White House and Pentagon give their Kurdish allies the middle finger
https://taskandpurpose.com/analysis/troops-anguish-kurdish-allies/
What is Trump trying to cover up about his Saudi phone calls and Jamal Khashoggi's murder?
https://www.inquirer.com/columnists/attytood/trump-jamal-khashoggi-murder-cover-up-saudi-arabia-mbs-20191001.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Too much for one lifetime? :-)

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Too much for one lifetime? :-)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 26 Feb 2021 10:53:14 -1000
JimP <chucktheouch@gmail.com> writes:
theater and see lots of stars. Last time I was back over there, high pressure sodium lights lined the highway. Of course, the drive-ins are all gone to.

in early 80s, I started HSDT project, t1 and faster speed links ... was also working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnecct the NSF supercomputer centers (congress then cuts the budget, some other things happen, and eventually NSF puts out RFP in part based on what we already had running). NSF had also given $120M to UC for a Berkeley supercomputer center ... but the regents master plan had UCSD getting the next bldg ... so it went there instead (UCSD supercomputer center operations subcontracted to general atomics).

Something of side effect, got involved in the Berkeley 10m telescope project, they were doing some testing at Lick observatory (east of san jose) ... including playing with CCDs as part of converting astronomy from film to electronics (and be able to do remote observing from ground level and back on the mainland). They only had 200x200 pel CCD (40k) for testing but there were rumors that Spielberg had 2Kx2K (4mpel) CCDs (migrating movie industry from film to digital).

At the time San Jose was going to convert from mercury to sodium street lights and Lick was fighting over high-pressure sodium verses low-pressure
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_vapor_lamp#Light_pollution_considerations

Eventually the project got a grant from Keck Foundation and it becomes the Keck Observatory
https://www.keckobservatory.org/
the initial sizing of mainland remote viewing was it needed at least 800kbits/sec.

NSF RFP trivia drift: internal politics prevent us from bidding, the NSF director tries to help by writting the company a letter, copying the CEO (with support from other gov. agencies) ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). old post with copy of 28Mar1986 preliminary release.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

NSF postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

some berkeley/keck 10m postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#7 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#8 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#9 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#9 Jack Kilby dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#12 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#20 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#50 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#30 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#32 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#80 A Super-Efficient Light Bulb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#82 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#85 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#55 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#60 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#24 Program Work Method Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#9 Hawaii board OKs plan for giant telescope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#10 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#55 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#8 We're About to Lose Net Neutrality -- And the Internet as We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#76 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#50 Revamped PDP-11 in Honolulu or maybe Santa Fe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#56 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#75 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#19 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#20 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#97 power supplies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#71 Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#51 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#89 Earth's atmosphere just crossed another troubling climate change threshold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#76 George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#71 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#47 Astronomy topic drift
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#50 Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#88 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#25 IBM Recruiting

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
Date: 26 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#20 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#21 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

Bush administration prohibited 9/11 victim families suing the Saudi gov for 9/11 responsibility. That was changed in fall of 2013 ... possibly because of big uptic in fracking and getting off Saudi oil dependency; 9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims (gone 404, still at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20131221231439/http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/

9/11 victim posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#11 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#27 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#54 The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#72 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#50 Iraqi WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#93 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#24 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#6 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#65 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#26 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#70 Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#85 Just and Unjust Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#105 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#114 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#143 "Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi
Date: 26 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#24 US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi

Accountability for the Murder of Jamal Khashoggi
https://www.state.gov/accountability-for-the-murder-of-jamal-khashoggi/
Biden Won't Penalize Saudi Crown Prince Over Khashoggi's Killing, Fearing Relations Breach. The decision will disappoint the human rights community and members of his own party who complained during the Trump administration that the U.S. was failing to hold Mohammed bin Salman accountable.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/26/us/politics/biden-mbs-khashoggi.html
"The Money Is Too Good to Pass Up": Wall Street Isn't Letting Khashoggi's Killing Get in the Way of Saudi Business
https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2021/02/wall-street-isnt-letting-jamal-khashoggis-killing-get-in-the-way-of-saudi-business
Biden Balks at Sanctions on Saudi Crown Prince After Release of Report on Killing of Jamal Khashoggi. Biden imposed sanctions only on aides to Mohammed bin Salman even though a new intelligence report said that MBS approved the mission on Khashoggi.
https://theintercept.com/2021/02/26/biden-balks-at-sanctions-on-saudi-crown-prince-after-release-of-report-on-killing-of-jamal-khashoggi/

and

REPORT: Kushner OK'd Khashoggi Arrest, Turkey Heard Call & Blackmailed Trump over Syrian Troops
https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2019/11/4/1897048/-REPORT-Kushner-OK-d-Khashoggi-Arrest-Turkey-Heard-Call-Blackmailed-Trump-over-Syrian-Troops

recent posts with some of how tightly tethered the US gov (& the Bush dynasty) were to the Saudis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#20 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#21 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#26 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

past bush dynasty refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#73 Why People Dislike Really Smart Leaders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#23 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#31 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#51 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#93 Some risk from last decade economic mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#34 The First E-mail Scandal, Long Before Hillary Clinton: Iran/Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#75 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#90 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#1 Fair Seas and Following Wind John McCain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#9 Hell is ... ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#14 Bill Black: Trump Admin Halts Investigation of For-Profit Colleges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#16 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#25 Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#26 House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#51 A story about monkeys explains our grifter nation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#55 Should Bankers Be Forced to Put Some Skin in the Game?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#78 Insiders Want Trump To Pardon Junk Bond "King" Michael Milken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#90 Study Confirms Most Psychopaths Live in Washington D.C
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#19 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#42 Bill Black: Trump Sees Europe as a "Foe" Because of Key Misinformed Advisor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#80 Art Laffer's Chinese Curve Ball
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#87 White-Collar Criminals Got Off Scot-Free After the 2008 Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#102 Can we learn from financial lessons of 90 years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#114 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#1 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#29 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#38 The U.S. Needs to Crack Down on White-Collar Crime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#41 The Great Depression II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#56 Too Rich to Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#66 Economic Mess Prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#69 The Bushes: Fathers and Sons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#73 Trump is reportedly not worried about a massive US debt crisis as he'll be out of office by then
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#104 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#113 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#20 Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#56 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#71 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#10 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#41 Capitalism Gone Wild
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#44 Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#55 Most Corrupt Institution on Earth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#72 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#83 Firefighting: The Financial Crisis and Its Lessons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#38 Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#64 How the Supreme Court Is Rebranding Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#80 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#48 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#70 Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#74 Eric Holder is the Official Missing from Discussions of the Bidens' Ukrainian Efforts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#78 Retired Marine Gen. John Allen: 'There is blood on Trump's hands for abandoning our Kurdish allies'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#81 38 people cited for violations in Clinton email probe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#85 Just and Unjust Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#89 Exposed! A Serial Whistleblower's Story with Bill Black
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#105 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#113 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#124 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#125 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#135 Permanent Record
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#143 "Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#152 US lost more tax revenue than any other developed country in 2018 due to Trump tax cuts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#154 Book on monopoly (IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
Date: 28 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
original implementation sequel (aka structured english query language; eventually shortened to structured query language, sql), & system/r were done (at sjr, bldg. 28) on CMS & VM/370 which used '*' for wildcard ... cms possibly inheriting '*' from CTSS?? also on CMS, about same time as SQL & system/r implementation was QBE (quuery by example). from:
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/

the birth of sql
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95-Prehisto.html

also some from long ago sjr reference: Peter DeJong of Yorktown Computer Science, Father of QBE, Arch-enemy of System R (archived announcement)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#email800310

... trivia: backus office was a little ways down the hall from mine and Codds was on the flr above.

Besides the competition war between IMS and System/R (IMS claiming half the disk space of System/R and significantly faster, System/R claiming much lower skills and manual overhead) there was also competition between System/R and "EAGLE" ... the next greatest new IBM DBMS ... we managed to do tech transfer to Endicott for SQL/DS while the company was preoccupied with EAGLE ... then when EAGLE implodes there is request how fast could System/R be ported to MVS (eventually released as DB2, originally for decision support only).

I got caught in helping both with System/R implementation and Sowa's Semantic Network (IDEA, at the time at STL) implementation (and after Gray leaves for Tandem, consult with IMS). There was some claims that SQL simplified relations so they were homogeneous and all fields for the same key were in single record ... significantly speeding up financial transaction (account number as key) ... while IDEA instantiated every relation greatly simplifying real-world heterogeneous data.

system/R posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
Date: 28 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#28 System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2

In the 60s before I graduated, I was being recruited by both IBM CSC and IDC (a CP67 online commercial service bureau spinoff of CSC). One of the people from 5th flr Project Mac was at IDC and done "First Financial Language" (IDC had quickly moved up the value stream and was specializing in online services for the financial industry) ... a decade later he joins with Bricklin to form Software Arts and do VisiCalc.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VisiCalc

Another 60s CP67 online commercial service bureau spinoff of CSC was NCSS also specializing in financial industry services. besides SQL (& relational) being done on VM370 ... there were other "4th Generation Languages", one of the original 4th generation languages, Mathematica made available through NCSS.
http://www.decosta.com/Nomad/tales/history.html
One could say PRINT ACROSS MONTH SUM SALES BY DIVISION and receive a report that would have taken many hundreds of lines of Cobol to produce. The product grew in capability and in revenue, both to NCSS and to Mathematica, who enjoyed increasing royalty payments from the sizable customer base.
... snip ...

other history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOCUS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth-generation_programming_language

other science center trivia: In the mid-60s, CTSS runoff is redone for CMS as "script". GML was invented in 1969 at the science center (name chosen for the first letter of the inventor's last name), and GML tag processing was added to script, after a decade it morphs into ISO standard SGML and after another decade it morphs into HTML at CERN. SLAC was CERN sister location and we had monthly user group meetings (since later 70s). The first webserver in the US is at SLAC:
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

In the early 80s, I started HSDT project, T1 and faster computer links and was working with the NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually a RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other gov. agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse. old archived post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

NSF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

NCSS &/or IDC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#10 IBM S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#52 Compaq kills Alpha
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#55 TSS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#44 cp/67 (coss-post warning)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#47 Multics_Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#63 Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#64 Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#69 Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#56 10 choices that were critical to the Net's success
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#66 10 choices that were critical to the Net's success
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#61 The next big things that weren't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#3 Vector display systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#15 CA-RAMIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#17 CA-RAMIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#68 unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#28 OT What movies have taught us about Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#31 OT What movies have taught us about Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#15 two pi, four phase, 370 clone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#22 Secure OS Thoughts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#34 Thoughts on Utility Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#33 MAD Programming Language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#15 Dreaming About Redesigning SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#6 Memory Affinity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#33 someone looking to donate IBM magazines and stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#59 RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#5 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#45 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#37 Where should the type information be: in tags and descriptors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#23 winscape?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#39 another blast from the past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#37 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#39 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#18 IDC: Virtual machines taking over the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#20 moving on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#26 moving on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#8 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#10 moving on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#50 Is anyone still running
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#12 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#52 CMS (PC Operating Systems)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#37 Quote from comp.object
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#59 virtual machines, the new, old thing (again)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#41 DEC and news groups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#18 Folklore references to CP67 at Lincoln Labs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#63 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#71 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#15 more on (the new 40+ yr old) virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#103 OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#85 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#54 Computer History Museum
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#56 Computer History Museum
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#66 Computer History Museum
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#21 Banks to embrace virtualisation in 2009: survey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#31 Banks to embrace virtualisation in 2009: survey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#32 What are the challenges in risk analytics post financial crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#41 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#42 Lets play Blame Game...?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#52 The Credit Crunch: Why it happened?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#77 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#79 The Credit Crunch: Why it happened?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#38 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#49 US disaster, debts and bad financial management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#51 Will the Draft Bill floated in Congress yesterday to restrict trading of naked Credit Default Swaps help or aggravate?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#52 What has the Global Financial Crisis taught the Nations, it's Governments and Decision Makers, and how should they apply that knowledge to manage risks differently in the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#53 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#78 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#1 Audit II: Two more scary words: Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#15 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#30 Timeline: 40 years of OS milestones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#70 When did "client server" become part of the language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#41 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#68 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#4 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#9 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#54 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#55 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#58 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#66 Global CIO: Global Banks Form Consortium To Counter HP, IBM, & Oracle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#15 History of Hard-coded Offsets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#21 What non-IBM software products have been most significant to the mainframe's success
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#50 TARP Bailout to Cost Less Than Once Anticipated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#26 Global Sourcing with Cloud Computing and Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#9 EXTERNAL: Re: Problem with an edit command in tso
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#35 VMSHARE Archives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#63 VMSHARE Archives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#66 Boeing Plant 2 ... End of an Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#27 First 5.25in 1GB drive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#25 Mainframe technology in 2011 and beyond; who is going to run these Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#45 S&P's History of Relentless Political Advocacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#69 "Best" versus "worst" programming language you've used?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#15 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#55 What is Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#1 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#56 Are prefix opcodes better than variable length?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#8 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#32 New IBM mainframe instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#51 From Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#46 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#84 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#30 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#56 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#57 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#28 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#38 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#63 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#47 Goodbye, Lotus 1-2-3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#5 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#57 The Internet: Missing the Light
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#82 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#62 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#62 Google F1 was: Re: MongoDB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#19 Why IBM chose MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!' made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#21 CTSS DITTO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#2 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#34 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#46 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#32 Speed of computers--wave equation for the copper atom? (curiosity)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#50 curly brace languages source code style quides
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#74 Ancient computers in use today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#15 Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#16 Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#27 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#83 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#28 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#30 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#107 some computer and online history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#28 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#10 SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#85 Mainframe operating systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#27 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#11 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#20 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#29 Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#39 The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#83 Ferranti Atlas paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#36 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#85 z/VM Live Guest Relocation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#3 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#45 DEC introduces PDP-6 [was Re: IBM introduces System/360]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#103 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#4 IBM Midrange today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#16 The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#45 Corporations Are People

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Supreme Court Finally Lets the Light Shine on Trump

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Supreme Court Finally Lets the Light Shine on Trump
Date: 28 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Supreme Court Finally Lets the Light Shine on Trump
https://billmoyers.com/story/the-supreme-court-finally-lets-the-light-shine-on-trump/
Like a mob boss looking for payback, Donald Trump wanted the Supreme Court to do him two favors heading into the November election: keep him in power and keep him out of jail. To its everlasting credit, the court quickly declined to deliver on the first. Even though Trump had nominated three arch-conservatives to the bench--Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh and Amy Coney Barrett--the court rejected his baseless challenges to the results of the election.
... snip ...

related

Trump Hid 'Fraud' on Inheritance for Years, Niece Tells Judge
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-02-27/trump-hid-fraud-on-inheritance-for-years-niece-tells-judge
Trump's tax documents are with New York prosecutors. But the clock is ticking. Financial investigations are time consuming, and a U.S. president under criminal investigation has a number of tools at his disposal that can burn up even more time
https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/trump-s-tax-documents-are-new-york-prosecutors-clock-ticking-ncna1258998

posts ref Trump's niece
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#30 Trump and Republican Party Racism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#44 American Fascism

other

The GOP's Ayn Rand death cult: Trump's party is literally killing the American people. Imagining themselves as virile heroes from Ayn Rand's terrible books, Republicans have become the pro-death party
https://www.salon.com/2021/02/24/the-gops-ayn-rand-death-cult-trumps-party-is-literally-killing-the-american-people/
Democrats don't trust GOP on 1/6 commission: 'These people are dangerous'
https://thehill.com/homenews/house/540779-democrats-dont-trust-gop-on-1-6-commission-these-people-are-dangerous
Citing "Health Emergency" Congressman Skips Vote to Cozy up to White Nationalists
https://www.newsandguts.com/citing-health-emergency-congressman-skips-vote-to-cozy-up-to-white-nationalists/

and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#35 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#84 Steve King Devised an Insane Formula to Claim Undocumented Immigrants Are Taking Over America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#57 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
Date: 28 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#28 System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#29 System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2

with all the opposition from IMS and EAQLE, 5th flr MULTICS ships RDBMS before IBM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics_Relational_Data_Store
https://www.mcjones.org/System_R/mrds.html

... aka some of the 7094 CTSS people had gone to MIT Project MAC and MULTICS on the 5th flr and others went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr (and did virtual machines, online applications, GML, internal network, lots of performance monitoring and simulation tools, etc) ... so there was a little bit of friendly rivalry between the two flrs.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Executives

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Executives
Date: 28 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
Nick Dinofrio stopped by Austin and all of the executives were out of town. Anne did five hand drawn charts for Nick, and said that she would do it, can't be done in Austin, will be $5M (she had previous sized/estimated similar projects). Nick agreed.

This was for HA/6000 which started out for NYTimes newspaper system (ATEX) to move off DEC VAXCluster to IBM (IBM CEO was on NYTimes board). Previously there had been all hands meeting and executives said that they had told CEO that Austin was doing it ... and nobody better let it leak outside Austin that it wasn't being done. Later when I was doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Recent Judge Rakoff Decision May Curb Private Equity Leverage Abuses By Pinning Liability on Directors of Selling Company

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Recent Judge Rakoff Decision May Curb Private Equity Leverage Abuses By Pinning Liability on Directors of Selling Company
Date: 01 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Recent Judge Rakoff Decision May Curb Private Equity Leverage Abuses By Pinning Liability on Directors of Selling Company
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/03/recent-judge-rakoff-decision-may-curb-private-equity-leverage-abuses-by-pinning-liability-on-directors-of-selling-company.html
For decades, authorities and experts have tried restricting excessive borrowing by private equity investors, since it's been repeatedly shown that they leave lots of bankruptcies in their wake. And these abuses continue because private equity looting fee structures result in general partners making out handsomely whether or not the business does well. In 1987 (no typo), the Treasury proposed limiting the deduction of interest on highly leveraged transactions. That idea went by the wayside thanks to the 1987 crash. Other proposals to restrict debt levels have similarly not gone anywhere. Yet now an important ruling looks set to deliver where regulators and legislators have failed.
... snip ...

... past references to analogy with house flipping .... taking out 100% loan and then sell, except the "mortgage" goes with the sold company (not paid off) ... private-equity even sell for less than bought and still walk away with boat loads of money.
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy (including buying the company that will employ Snowden).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Recent Judge Rakoff Decision May Curb Private Equity Leverage Abuses By Pinning Liability on Directors of Selling Company

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Recent Judge Rakoff Decision May Curb Private Equity Leverage Abuses By Pinning Liability on Directors of Selling Company
Date: 03 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#33 Recent Judge Rakoff Decision May Curb Private Equity Leverage Abuses By Pinning Liability on Directors of Selling Company

How private equity squeezes cash from the dying U.S. coal industry
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-investment-coal-insight/how-private-equity-squeezes-cash-from-the-dying-u-s-coal-industry-idUSKBN2AU1YW
Private equity firms are proving there's still plenty of profit in the U.S. coal industry despite a decade of falling demand for the fossil fuel. They are spending billions of dollars buying coal-fired plants on the cheap - and getting paid even when they are not providing power.
... snip ...

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rewarding Failure. Why Pentagon Weapons Programs Rarely Get Canceled Despite Major Problems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Rewarding Failure. Why Pentagon Weapons Programs Rarely Get Canceled Despite Major Problems
Date: 03 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Military Cancel Culture, Rewarding Failure. Why Pentagon Weapons Programs Rarely Get Canceled Despite Major Problems
https://tomdispatch.com/rewarding-failure/

Three Wars, No Victory - Why?
https://www.nationalreview.com/magazine/2021/03/08/three-wars-no-victory-why/amp/

... "forever wars", keep the money flowing, simple wargaming has shown that. "John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel":
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"
... snip ...

.. similar to hypothesis that gov. contractors and beltway bandits wargamed the success of failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

some recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#101 Three Wars, No Victory - Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#21 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
success of failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GAO report finds DOD's weapons programs lack clear cybersecurity guidelines

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: GAO report finds DOD's weapons programs lack clear cybersecurity guidelines.
Date: 04 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
GAO report finds DOD's weapons programs lack clear cybersecurity guidelines. A new report found that the Department of Defense fails to communicate clear cybersecurity guidelines to contractors tasked with building systems for its weapons programs.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/gao-report-finds-dods-weapons-programs-lack-clear-cybersecurity-guidelines/

... nearly all major weapon systems already compromised ...

Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised byhackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html

... compromises so pervasive, raises the question if it was allowed and/or extreme negligence

... and "Rewarding Failure, Why Pentagon Weapons Programs Rarely Get Cancelled Despite Major Problems"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#35

success of failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

specific posts mentioning nearly all major weapons system compromised
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#12 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#61 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#56 China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#44 Security Breach and Spilled Secrets Have Shaken the N.S.A. to Its Core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#112 How China Pushes the Limits on Military Technology Transfer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#52 Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#32 12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#100 US Navy Contractors Hacked by China "More Than A Handful Of Times"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#69 Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#42 Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some CP67, Future System and other history

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Some CP67, Future System and other history
Date: 04 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Some CP67, Future System and other history (from jun2020)

As undergraduate I did lots of changes and enhancements for CP67, most of which was picked up by IBM and shipped in product, including my dynamic adaptive resource management. In the morph from CP67 to VM370, they simplified and/or dropped a bunch of CP67 stuff (including most of my changes). Lots of vm370 customers (especially those that transitioned from CP67 to VM370) was lobbying in SHARE for my CP67 stuff be added (back in) to VM370.

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced product operation systems for internal datacenters ... archived email about moving my stuff from CP67 to VM370 (for internal use) ... including online world-wide sales&marketing HONE system ... which was long time customer.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
resource management posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
page algorithm posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock
HONE system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

During Future System project in the first half of 70s, it was completely different and going to completely replace 70 ... and 370s efforts were being killed off (although I continued 360&370 all during the period ... even periodically ridiculing the FS activity) and lack of new 370 products during the period was credited with giving clone 370 makers a market foothold. When FS imploded, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipeline ... which I credit with decision to start including some of my stuff in the product ... initially a lot of integrity, serialization, and failure fixes and a small subset of virtual memory management (as DCSS) in vm370 release 3 (see email refs).

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

In 23June1969 unbundling announcement there was change to start separate charging for lots of stuff, including (applications) software (although they managed to make the case that operating system/kernel software should still be free). With the rise of clone processors, the decision was made to transition to charging for kernel software ... everything that had been free would continue to be free, but anything new and/or rewritten would be charged for. My dynamic adaptive resource manager was selected as the 1st guinea pig as a charge for add-on product.

23June1969 unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling

DPD as part of promoting charging for software were giving DPD employees (which science center was a part) were getting 1st month "rental" of every product they developed and sold. In early April of that year, two science center people announced and shipped "VS/REPACK" product Then a few days before my resource manager was announced a month, hdqtrs said science center was no long eligible for the program. My dynamic adaptive resource manager was announced and priced at $890/month and something like 1000 were sold the first year (in theory I was supposed to have gotten $890,000).

I had been in the habit of wandering around various IBM and customer locations. The manager of one of the largest financial datacenters on the east coast liked me to stop by and talk technology. Then at some point their branch manager horribly offended the customer ... and in retaliation they were ordering an Amdahl (clone 370) ... it would be a lone Amdahl system in a very large all blue datacenter. Up until that time, Amdahl had been selling into technical and university market, but had yet to land an all blue commercial/business customer ... and this would be the first. I was asked to go live at the customer site for 6-12 months as part of obfuscating why the customer was installing an Amdahl system. I talked to the customer about it and they said they would like to have me around, but it would make no difference in their ordering an Amdahl system. I declined IBM's offer since I couldn't see any point (other than cover up for the branch manager). I was then told that the branch manager was good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO ... and if I didn't, I could forget having an IBM career. So a little later I assumed the DPD hdqtrs change a few days before my resource manager announce, was part of retaliation. Of course this was towards the end of the FS era when things had already started to go south. from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s:

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with SYNCOPHANCY and MAKE NO WAVES under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some CP67, Future System and other history

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Some CP67, Future System and other history
Date: 04 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#37 Some CP67, Future System and other history

however, it wasn't the only time; as undergraduate in the 60s ... i created "global" LRU (page/cache management replacement) algorithm and implemented it for CP67 (which IBM then shipped in the product). At that time there were papers on "local" LRU, including in communication of ACM. In late 1980 co-worker at SJR left IBM for Tandem in ... then at ACM SIGOPS (Asilomar, 14-16Dec81) he asked me if I could help a Tandem co-worker of his with their Stanford PHD ... which involved "global" LRU and the "local" LRU forces from the late 60s were heavily lobbying Stanford to not award his PHD (involving "global" LRU, showing better than "local" LRU).

I put together work that I had done as undergraduate before joining IBM ... and Research management said that I was not allowed to send it (even tho it had *NO* IBM content). Eventually, almost a year later 19Oct1982 I was allowed to send the information. In the late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. In any case, I hoped that Research management was forbidding me from sending the information to Tandem as part of punishment ... as opposed to Research management meddling in academic dispute.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019

page algorithm posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock
computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

old email about OS/2 group contacting the VM370 group to educate them on how to do interactive scheduling ... the Endicott people told OS/2 to talk to me ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#email871124
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#email871204
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#email871204b
more recent ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#10

One of my long term internal customers was worldwide online sales and marketing support HONE systems starting with CP67 US HONE. In mid-70s US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto. Facebook trivia, when they 1st moved into silicon Valley, it was into a new bldg next door to the former consolidated US HONE

Other related, I got in big dustup with the POK performance group that was responsible for SVS page replacement algorithm (carried over to MVS). It was selecting non-changed pages for replacement (before it would select changed page ... saving have to write the changes to backing store before it was replaced). It wasn't until years later that somebody in the MVS realized that the replacement algorithm was selecting high-use, shared, linkpack pages for replacement before it would selected low-used non-shared application changed data pages. they were doing micro-optimization ... unable to see the forest for the trees. I made joke that POK strategy was instead of doing it right originally, do it wrong ... so much later you can correct it and get big award.

in the referenced archived email exchange, I refer to the person that did the initial implementation of MVT->SVS ... on 360/67 (370s with virtual memory weren't yet available) borrowed a bunch of code from CP67 (but not my page replacement implementation).

reference to initial MVT->SVS work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening
Date: 04 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening (from Aug2020)
https://leehamnews.com/2020/08/31/pontifications-wa-state-frets-about-boeing-brain-drain-but-its-already-happening/

recent history thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#36 Some CP67, Future System and other history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#37 Some CP67, Future System and other history

... we use to drop by 33 liberty st ... the guy that ran FEDWIRE liked us to stop by and talk technology. He would talk about telling the board that the top risk to FEDWIRE were all the people were nearing retirement, paid off the mortgage, all the kids were through college ... and had few reasons to continue working.

The had triple-redundant, geographically separated IMS hotstandby that had 100% availability for more than decade.

trivia: my wife had been in Gburg JES group and one of the catchers for ASP to turn into JES3. She was then con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of loosely-coupled (mainframe "cluster") architecture where she did peer-coupled shared data architecture. She didn't remain long because 1) constant battles with the communication group trying to force her into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation and 2) little uptake (except for IMS hot-standby) ... until much later with SYSPLEX and Parallel SYSPLEX.

peer-coupled shared data architecture post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

She has story she likes talking to Vern Watts after work about who he going to ask permission from to do IMS hot-standby. Vern says he wasn't going to ask anybody, he would just do it and then tell them when it was all done.

2021 IMS Stories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#72 IMS Stories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#73 IMS Stories

from IBMJargon:
MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities - not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages, editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term every programmer will understand, being another expression of the proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.
... snip ...

After Jim leaves for Tandem, some of us would periodically visit Jim at Tandem on Friday afternoon. After one such visit, I distributed a trip report (including comparison of Tandem & IBM management styles), which then snowballed into "tandem memos" ... which had a lot to say about how IBM operated. There was then some misdirection about how "Tandem Memos" was about the lack of computer resources inside IBM (as opposed to anything that might be interpreted as criticism about how IBM was managed), aka earlier "MIP Envy". In support of that theme, there was study tour of other research institutions. Pieces of those tour reports:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#61
other pieces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#56
Before Jim disappeared, he cons me into interviewing for chief security architect in redmond, interview dragged on over several weeks, but we never came to agreement. Jim disappeared at sea and then there was a tribute of his life at Berkeley (archived at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20080616153833/http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/IPRO/JimGrayTribute/pressrelease.html
podcast of the tribute:
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604010939/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23082
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072804/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23083
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072809/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23087
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072815/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23088

From IBMJargon:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ....

2021 posting regarding "MIP envy" and "Tandem Memos"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#74 In the 1970s, Email Was Special

computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

along the lines of "Tandem Memos" ... I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. In 89/90, the commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for a makeover of the corps ... at a time when IBM was in desperate need of a makeover (the two organizations had approx. same number of people)

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Teaching IBM class

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Teaching IBM class
Date: 04 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Teaching IBM class (from sep2020)

after taking two (semester) hr intro to fortran/computers, I was hired to port 1401 MPIO (tape<->unit record, used as unit record front end to 709 tape->tape) to 360/30. Univ. shutdown datacenter from sat. 8am to mon 8am and I could have the whole place to myself for 48hrs (although 48hrs w/o sleep could make monday morning class a little hard). I got to design, implement and debug my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management dispatching, etc. The 360/30 replacing 1401 was on migration from 709/1401 to 360/67 ... originally for tss/360 ... but tss/360 never quite came to production fruition and the machine production 360/65 with os/360. Within a year of taking into class, I was hired fulltime to be responsible for the production mainframe systems (and continued to get the datacenter all to myself for 48hrs over the weekend). Sometime during this period, I had some 3rd shift test time at IBM regional sales office datacenter. I wondered around the center during the day and found an MVT debugging class and asked if I could attend. After 20 mins the instructor asked me to leave (I kept suggesting "better" ways to do things). My only IBM class ... other than teaching. a post with references to multiple times being told I had no career, no promotion, no raises with IBM (and being periodically needed to be reminding that "business ethics" is an oxymoron).

Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#6 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#13 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known

In the 1st half of the 80s, after being with IBM for more than a decade, I wrote a speakup about my salary, saying I was being underpaid. I got back written response from the head of HR saying that after detailed review of my whole career, I was making exactly what I was suppose to. I then took copy of my original speakup, the HR response and wrote a cover letter about being asked to interview new graduates to be part of new group that would work under my direction ... and they were being offered starting salary 30% more than I was making. I got no written response, but six weeks later got 30% raise, putting me on level playing field with starting salary for new hires ... reminded again "business ethics" is an oxymoron.

My first time teaching IBM class was for CP/67 (undergraduate working fulltime responsible for univ. mainframe system). Science center people came out to the univ. last week of Jan1968 to install CP/67 (precursor to VM370) ... which was some ways from doing batch in addition to online, so mostly I got to play with it during my 48hr weekend time. Then IBM asked me to be at the Spring Houston SHARE meeting where CP/67 was announced. Then first week of June 1968, science center was having one week class for customers at Beverly Hills Hilton. When I arrive Sunday, I'm asked if I can give the CP67 class ... the CP67 people had just given notice on Friday that they were leaving to form NCSS (the first commercial spinoff from the science center). Then I'm scheduled at Fall 1968 SHARE session to give a talk on work I had done rewriting CP67 (as well as optimizing OS/360)

As undergraduate I did lots of changes and enhancements for CP67, most of which was picked up by IBM and shipped in product (from jun2020)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#37
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#38

WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening (from aug2020)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#39

IBM mainframe user group SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
At the univ. IBM would sometimes suggest changes for me to do for CP67 ... in retrospect some of these likely came from these guys (ref gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine) ... which I didn't learn about until much later.
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

Some time after joining IBM, I was told about them and asked to give classes at the agency. Also about the same time, IBM got a new CSO (previously from gov. service, at one time head of presidential detail) and I was asked to run around with him talking about computer security (while a little bit of physical security rubs off).

part of fall1968 CP67&OS/360 share presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Teaching IBM Class

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Teaching IBM Class
Date: 04 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM Class

I'm giving a talk at the next Hillgang meeting 16Mar2011 on history of virtual machine performance. The original talk was given at the Oct86 SEAS (European SHARE) meeting held on Jersey

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#72 pdf
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/hill0316g.pdf

Besides the meme about "business ethics" (in IBM is oxymoron) ... another common meme is that you could tell those out in front by the arrows in their back ... especially if it is disruptive technology and threatens those with vested interest in the status quo ... frequently could tell the really "wild ducks" by the number of arrows in their back.

... from "IBM Jargon" about part of getting blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to social media) in the late 70s and early 80s (on the internal network) ... folklore was that when the corporate executive committee was told, 5of6 wanted to fire me.
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
dynamic adaptive resource management posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Suggestion Program

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Suggestion Program
Date: 06 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Early 1984, I submitted a suggestion about the requirement to apply security classifications to computer data ... that it was being applied to CMS at a much finer granularity than MVS. That the employee time to classify CMS data at the level of granularity was costing the company an extra $15M. The suggestion was rejected, but a few months later a new directive went out adopting the suggestion.

past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html$42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#31 Suggestion Awards

But on the other hand, after being blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network in the late 70s & early 80s ... and folklore that after the executive committee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me ... there was various such activities.

online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Late 1981, Jim Gray (had left IBM SJR a year earlier for Tandem) asked me if I could help a co-worker get his Stanford PHD ... and there was forces that were lobbying Stanford hard to not award the PHD (they had published some academic articles in the late 60s that disagreed with what Jim's co-worker had found). I had done some work in the area as undergraduate in the 60s and had data comparing various technologies ... that supported Jim's coworker (and not the forces that were trying to block the PHD). IBM Research management block my sending the information for a year (even tho it was from before I became an IBM employee). I've always assumed that it was part of campaign to punish me for online computer communication (rather than playing in the academic dispute at Stanford).

page replacement algorithm posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

some stanford clock phd specific posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#45
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#90 IBM Embraces Virtual Memory -- Finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#2 S/360 stacks, was self-modifying code, Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#40 Floating point registers or general purpose registers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#24 Disorder
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#52 Some IBM Research RJ reports
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#66 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#78 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#95 Tandem Memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#62 LRU ... "global" vs "local"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#63 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#5 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#38 Some CP67, Future System and other history

... also a couple years later, the SJ plant site senior tech writer/editor was retiring and sent me copies of all my (pending) papers that he had in his files with a note saying that no matter what changes were made to the papers, research management would never approve them for publications ... that he had never before encountered something like that.

... as I periodically post "business ethics" in IBM is an "oxymoron"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#72 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#53 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#37 How do you see ethics playing a role in your organizations current or past?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#36 U.S. students behind in math, science, analysis says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#50 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#38 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#0 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#44 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#9 Terminology - Datasets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#96 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#82 Kinder/Gentler IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#83 Kinder/Gentler IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#12 IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#41 Teaching IBM Class

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Just 15% of Americans say they like the way that Donald Trump conducts himself as president

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Just 15% of Americans say they like the way that Donald Trump conducts himself as president
Date: 06 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Just 15% of Americans say they like the way that Donald Trump conducts himself as president, and 80% of the public describes Trump as "self-centered." (originally from a year ago)
https://www.pewresearch.org/politics/2020/03/05/few-americans-express-positive-views-of-trumps-conduct-in-office/

... currently binge watching "waking the dead", british cold case drama; recent episode (after turn of century) had prime suspect a psychopath, constantly talking about how great he was, how all his ideas were great, and how people always talked about how great he was. It was scary how much he sounded like former head of recent administration.

... and his niece ... Trump's base loved that he was a liar and a cheat -- but now it's coming back to bite them. Rooting for a massive jerk to stick it to the liberals is super fun -- until he's lying about Americans dying
https://www.salon.com/2020/08/04/trumps-base-loved-that-he-was-a-liar-and-a-cheat--but-now-its-coming-back-to-bite-them/
If he can in any way profit from your death, he'll facilitate it, and then he'll ignore the fact that you died," Trump's niece, the psychologist Mary Trump, writes in her book "Too Much and Never Enough."
... snip ...

In secretly recorded audio, President Trump's sister says he has "no principles" and "you can't trust him"
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/maryanne-trump-barry-secret-recordings/2020/08/22/30d457f4-e334-11ea-ade1-28daf1a5e919_story.html
Trump's Sister in Secret Audio Recording: 'He Has No Principles'. "It's the phoniness and this cruelty. Donald is cruel," Maryanne Trump Barry says in the newly released audio, recorded by the president's niece Mary Trump.
https://www.thedailybeast.com/trumps-sister-maryanne-trump-barry-in-secret-audio-recording-he-has-no-principles?source=articles&via=rss
Trump's sister says president 'has no principles', lies in secretly recorded audio: report
https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/513255-trumps-sister-says-president-has-no-principles-lies-in-secretly
Trump's sister assailed him for 'lying,' 'phoniness,' 'cruelty,' and having 'no principles,' secretly recorded audio reveals
https://www.businessinsider.com/trumps-sister-maryanne-trump-barry-secret-audio-2020-8
'He has no principles. None,' Trump's sister, a retired federal judge, tells niece in recorded interview
https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/politics/he-has-no-principles-none-trumps-sister-a-retired-federal-judge-tells-niece-in-recorded-interview/ar-BB18gyBg?li=BBnbfcL
Donald Trump's sister says he has 'no principles', 'you can't trust him' and has been 'lying' throughout his presidency, reveals secret audio recorded by president's niece
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8654973/Donald-Trumps-sister-says-no-principles-trust-him.html
Maryanne Trump Barry, 83, slammed the president in secret recordings, obtained by the Washington Post. She made the shocking comments back in 2018 to estranged niece Mary Trump who secretly recorded the conversation with her aunt. Maryanne blasted her brother for his 'phoniness' and called him 'cruel' over his controversial migrant policies. She also dismissed Trump's intelligence saying 'he doesn't read' and said he did 'accomplish [his five bankruptcies] all by his self'. She also doubled down on claims the president paid someone to take his SATs.
... snip ...

recent post mentioning recordings of his sister
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#44 American Fascism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths
Date: 07 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#7 More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths

Caring by the Dollar. Nursing Homes, Private Equity, and Covid-19
http://dollarsandsense.org/archives/2021/0321barclay.html
The Government Accountability Office's analysis of the revised reimbursement system's impact highlighted the fact that providing more ancillary services would allow Genesis (and others) to continue to enjoy a steady flow of profits:

Routine [inpatient] services (which include general nursing, room and board, and administrative overhead) were subject to cost limits, but payments for ancillary services and capital-related costs were virtually unlimited. Because higher ancillary service costs triggered higher payments, facilities had no financial incentive to furnish only clinically necessary services and little incentive to deliver them efficiently.

Genesis illustrates the case nicely: In 2000-2002, total company revenue grew 12.7%. Their in-patient services revenue grew only 8.4%, while revenue from Genesis's pharmacy services grew almost 20%. Although the financial problems for Genesis's business model and that of the other four largest skilled nursing bankruptcy filers were real, the bankruptcy path was a strategic choice. It was a course of action designed to restructure debts or avoid debt payments and/or to gain leverage in debt renegotiations. It also opened up the skilled nursing industry to further penetration by private equity firms.

... snip ...

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

McAfee antivirus software creator charged with cheating investors

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: McAfee antivirus software creator charged with cheating investors
Date: 07 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
McAfee antivirus software creator charged with cheating investors. Authorities say John McAfee and cohorts capitalized on excitement over the emerging cryptocurrency market while fooling investors through to make over $13 million.
https://www.wthr.com/article/news/nation-world/john-mcafee-antivirus-software-creator-charged-cheating-investors/507-49df6fdc-5ebd-48af-8e2d-18f6d9b3f032

At 1996 (SanFran) Moscone MDC ... all the banners said "Internet" but the constant refrain in all the sessions were "protect your investment" ... aka lots of script segments embedded in data files that were automagically executed ... evolved in small, closed, safe, private business LANs. The network support was being expanded to the wild anarchy of the internet w/o any countermeasures. Within a couple years, it became a major source of exploits (and a faulty "virus checking" business model, constantly checking for specific virus signatures ... numbers that were quickly exploding)

Jim Gray was also having open house for his (san fran) m'soft research a couple blocks away (during 1996 MDC). A decade later (before he disappears) he cons me into interviewing for chief security architect up in Redmond ... it drags on for a couple weeks, but we could not come to agreement (I would bring up the whole thing from 1996 MDC about no countermeasures for opening the desktops to the wild anarchy of the Internet).

1996 MDC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#15 Identifying Latest zOS Fixes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#10 It's all K&R's fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#11 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#23 weird trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#19 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#8 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#90 Ransomware on Mainframe application ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#14 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#16 The Microsoft security hole at the heart of Russian election hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#46 Windows 10 Pro automatic update
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#84 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#102 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#56 Disabled by default: Microsoft ups the ante in its war against VBScript on Internet Explorer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#113 Internet and Business Critical Dataprocessing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#19 What is a mainframe?

misc posts mentioning "chief security architect"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#7 Hypervisors May Replace Operating Systems As King Of The Data Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#5 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#37 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#80 Making tea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#60 The 25 Most Dangerous Programming Errors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#18 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#28 Computer virus strikes US Marshals, FBI affected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#22 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#20 Cyber attackers empty business accounts in minutes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#15 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#56 Microsoft Wants 'Sick' PCs Banned From The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#21 Closure in Disappearance of Computer Scientist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#74 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#93 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#14 The growing openness of an organization's infrastructure has greatly impacted security landscape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#24 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#77 Insane Insider Threat Program in Context of Morally and Mentally Bankrupt US Intelligence System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#44 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#72 *uix web security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#35 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#66 Catching Up on the OPM Breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#57 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#58 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#19 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#91 IBM Jargon and General Computing Dictionary Tenth Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#14 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#46 Windows 10 Pro automatic update
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#76 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#28 IBM Recruiting

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

George Marshall: Defender of the Republic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: George Marshall: Defender of the Republic
Date: 08 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
George Marshall: Defender of the Republic
https://www.amazon.com/George-Marshall-Defender-David-Roll-ebook/dp/B07JYQV52N/
CHAPTER 4 Hands on Benning

pg82/1637-40:
The short answer: the job description. It was this that appealed to Marshall's ambition and called on his strengths. As assistant commandant, Marshall would be in charge of the Academic Department of the Infantry School, the "university" for the army's company-grade infantry officers, and the "graduate degree" programs for senior officers as well as the officers of the National Guard and reserve.

pg84/1663-65:
Marshall's intention from the moment he drove through the gates at Fort Benning was to revamp the curriculum and the techniques of teaching. However, to head off knee-jerk opposition and passive resistance, he began gradually, starting with the formation of a committee to assess and rethink the entire program of instruction.

pg84/1667-71:
The next war would be a war of movement—offensive maneuver—supported by tanks and airplanes. Because in war the unexpected was to be expected, officers must be free to innovate and improvise, to use their imagination and think on their feet. Methods for teaching infantry tactics should be so simple "that the citizen officer of good common sense can readily grasp the idea." Above all, counseled Marshall, "speed of thought," and "speed of action," will be "essential to success."
... snip ...

Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces, 1901-1940, and the Consequences for World War II
https://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/
loc2328-34:
Only years later did many get the opportunity to attend the then best military school in the United States—The Infantry School. Even before George C. Marshall took over as assistant commandant with full responsibility for the curriculum, the school was highly beneficial for the younger and even older officers attending it and, though it was supposed to be a steppingstone to the Command and General Staff School, it had become in fact superior to it.138 Correctly labelled "the heart and the brain of the infantry," no other school taught the desperately needed hands-on knowledge of infantry weapons and tactics on a company, battalion, and regimental level.139 Attending officers, however, were still four to eight years behind their German counterparts in experience.

loc2341-44:
Help, however, was on the way in the person of George C. Marshall, who was determined to set right the wrongs he had experienced when a woefully unprofessional U.S. officer corps went to war in Europe, causing an unparalleled number of American casualties in only nineteen months of war. In his view—and it can be stated now that he made a historically correct assessment—the inadequacy of many American officers came from their advanced ages, inflexibility of mind, and lack of modern and practical training.

loc2377-79:
Marshall received specific input for his reforms from a German war veteran and exchange student to The Infantry School. Hauptmann (Captain) Adolf von Schell stayed in Marshall's house and came as close to a friend as a foreigner could get to the enigmatic Marshall.

loc2380-82:
smart leadership and faculty at Benning soon realized that Schell "had far more to teach to us than we had to teach him."155 Partly out of those lectures, the German officer made a book, which became popular within the U.S. Army.
... snip ...

"Command Culture" and/or "george Marshall" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#52 An elusive command philosophy and a different command culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#45 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#51 How would you succinctly desribe maneuver warfare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#16 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#35 What Makes sorting so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#16 Command Culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#41 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#55 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#66 Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#76 In the palm of your hand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#86 Can America Win Wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#98 How to groom a leader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#19 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#29 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#34 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#51 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#15 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#49 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#60 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#58 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#55 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#70 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#53 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#20 cultural stereotypes, was Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#84 Bureaucracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#5 Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#32 progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#70 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#34 oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#38 oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#55 Bureaucracy and Agile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#86 What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#72 This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#82 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#110 Trump tells Republicans he may begin cutting social security and Medicare if he wins in 2020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#94 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#16 Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Loathed Lean?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#103 IBM Innovation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MAINFRAME (4341) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: MAINFRAME (4341) History
Date: 08 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Jan1979 I got con'ed into doing benchmarks on engineering 4341 for a national lab looking at getting 70 for compute farm (leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami). When i first transfered to san jose, I got to wander around the IBM and customer locations in silicon valley. Disk engineering (bldg 14) and product test (bldg 15) were across the street and were running prescheduled, 24hr stand alone testing. They had once tried MVS ... but it found it had 15min MTBF in that environment (requiring manual re-IPL). I offered to rewrite I/O supervisor making it bullet proof and never fail ... allowing any amount of concurrent on-demand testing ... greatly improving productivity. Product test would get early engineering CPUs (from both POK and Endicott ... frequently #3 or #4) for disk I/O testing ... because they were all running my systems, I had better 4341 access than people in Endicott.

getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

POK felt that small 4341 clusters so threatened 3033 (significant more processing throughput, significant cheaper, smaller footprint and environmentals) ... that they heavily lobbied corporate to cut allocation of a critical 4341 manufacturing component in half.

DEC VAX sold in similar numbers in the mid-range market as 4300s ... for small unit orders ... big difference was large corporations ordering hundreds at a time for placing out in departmental area (leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami) ... inside IBM, departmental conference rooms were becoming scarce commodity (with so many being converted to 4341 rooms).

In the 70s, the IBM internal network had grown into the 700s (mostly VM, the MVS/JES implementation had serious networking shortcomings). Then with 4300 the internal network really exploded. 1Jan1983 at the great cutover from ARPANET IMPs to internetworking protocol, there were approx. 100 IMP nodes and 255 hosts ... at a time when the internal network was about to exceed 1000 (which it passed later in 1983). List of worldwide corporate locations that added one or more networking nodes during 1983 (enormous percentage VM4341s):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

trivia: Future System started in the early 70s was completely different than 370 and was going to completely replace 370 ... and internal politics was shutting down 370 effort (lack of new 370s during the FS period is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold). With the implosion of FS, there was then a mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines. The quick&dirty 303x and 3081 projects were kicked off in parallel. 3031 was 158 engine with just the 370 microcode (and no integrated channel microcode) and a 2nd 158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode, aka 303x external "channel director"). 3032 was 370/168-3 reworked to use channel director as external channels. 3033 started out as 168-3 logic mapped to 20% faster chips ... some additional rework got it 3033 up to 1.5 times 168-3.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
MVS JES posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

MVS serious shortcomings included limiting network definitions to something under 200 ... and by the time limit was increased to 999, the internal network was far past1000. MVS felt really short changed being unable to take advantage of the explosion in distributed 4300 market. Part of the problem was MVS never had FBA support ... the only new CKD was 3380 which didn't deploy out into non-datacenter ... the mid-range DASD were 3310 and 3370 ... both FBA. Eventually they came out with 3375 with CKD emulated on 3370 (currently real CKD hasn't been made for decades, forced to emulate CKD on industry-standard fixed-block disks). It didn't do MVS much good, typical MVS had staff measured in the dozens per system ... while the distributed VM4300 market was number of systems per support staff.

CKD & FBA DASD, multi-track search, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

other trivia: original sql/relational implementation was System/R at SJR ... and I got sucked into doing some of the work. Then in late 1980 when Jim Gray was leaving for Tandem, he was palming some number of stuff on me ... wanting me to handle consulting with the IMS group in STL and handling BofA which was doing a pilot System/R project on 60 distributed VM4341s. The corporate "official" next generation DBMS was "EAGLE" ... and while corporate was preoccupied with EAGLE managed to do technology transfer to Endicott for release as SQL/DS. Later when EAGLE imploded, there was a request how fast could System/R be ported to MVS ... which was eventually released as DB2 (originally for "decision support" only).

System/R posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

internal network trivia: co-worker at the science center was responsible for the internal network ... he then transfers out to SJR same time I did. book about being bullied as a child: brutal US culture of bullying, stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity, "It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet" (he passed Aug2020).
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
also wikipedia entry, Edson Hendricks
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

Starting in early 80s also had HSDT project, T1 (1.5mbits/sec) and faster computer links, was working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally NSF releases RFP (in part based on what we already had running) ... old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
Internal politics prevent us from bidding, NSF director tries to help by writing IBM a letter (copying CEO) with support from some other 3-letter agencies ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (further aggravated along the way with comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connected into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

SJMerc article about Edson and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSF network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MAINFRAME (4341) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: MAINFRAME (4341) History
Date: 09 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History

Some of the MIT 7094 CTSS people went to MIT Project MAC on the 5th flr and did MULTICS. Others went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines (initially CP/40 on a 360/40 with hardware mods for virtual memory, then morphs into CP/67 when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available ... later becomes VM370), internal network, lots of online apps (including CTSS RUNOFF was redone on CMS as "script") & performance work, invented GML in 1969 (name chosen for 1st letters of inventors last name, GML tag processing then added to script), a decade later GML morphs into ISO standard SGML and after another decade morphs into HTML at CERN.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML, SGML, script, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

Some friendly rivalry between 4th & 5th flr ... and MULTICS had a number of gov. accounts including USAF data systems at Pentagon.
https://www.multicians.org/site-afdsc.html
Then spring of 1979 (by that time I had transfered to SJR) get a call that USAF Data systems (that had been long time multics customer) want to come out to talk about 20 distributed 4341s. However, by the time they get around to stopping by in the fall, it had grown to 210. old archived email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404b

html trivia: first webserver in the US was on SLAC (CERN sister location) VM370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

marine trivia: I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and use to sponsor his briefings at IBM. In 50s as instructor at Nellis, he was considered possibly best fighter pilot in the world. Then he invented E/M theory and used it to redo the original F15 design, cutting the weight nearly in half. He was then responsible for YF16&YF17 (which become F16 and F18) and then helped with A10. A New Conception of War, John Boyd, the US Marines, and Maneuver Warfare
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf
loc1783-88:
Boyd's collaboration with associate Pierre Sprey on the development of the A-10 close air support (CAS) aircraft sparked his exploration of history. The project was Sprey's, with Sprey consulting Boyd on performance analysis, E-M Theory, and views on warfare in general. When designing the A-10, Sprey had to determine what aircraft features provided the firepower and loiter time required by ground forces, while also granting survivability against the enemy ground fire that would inevitably be directed against it.4 The German Wehrmacht had pioneered both the design and employment of dedicated CAS aircraft in World War II.
... snip ...

In 89/90 time-frame, the Commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for a make-over of the corps ... at a time when IBM was desperately in need of a make-over. From ye1992, IBM was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company; "How IBM Was Left Behind" (behind paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

By the time Boyd passes in 1997, he had been pretty much disowned by the USAF and it was the Marines at Arlington and all his effects go to Gray Research Center in Quantico and we've continued to have conferences at Marine Corp Univ.

note: the IBM board brings in a new CEO that reverses the breakup.

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM CEO

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM CEO
Date: 09 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
AMEX was in competition with KKR for LBO (private-equity) take-over of RJR. KKR wins but runs into problems with RJR and hires away the president of AMEX to help.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM is being reorganized into the 13 "Baby Blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (gone behind paywall, but mostly living free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

we had left but get a call from bowels of Armonk asking if we could help with the breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other units, which would be in different corporations after the breakup. All these MOUs would be have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts (before we get started, new CEO is brought in and reverses the breakup). Along the way (before the new CEO) we get email from former coworkers complaining that top executives weren't paying attention to running the business but totally focused on moving expenses from the following year to the current year. We ask our contact in Armonk. He says top executives (470? on executive bonus plan) won't get a bonus for the current year, but the way the bonus plan is written if they can move enough expenses from the following year, nudging it even slightly into the black, they will get a bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (aka, getting rewarded for having taken the company into the red).

Then IBM Board hires away the AMEX ex-president as CEO who reverses the breakup and uses some of the PE techniques used at RJR (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Also in 1992 AMEX spins off a lot of its dataprocessing and outsourcing business as First Data in the largest IPO up until that time. After leaving IBM, I do quite a bit of work at First Data ... and many of the executives had previously reported to Gerstner. One of their datacenters had over 40 max configured IBM mainframes (@$30M a pop, none older than 18m, constant rolling replacements), all running 450k statement Cobol program ... number of systems needed to finish batch settlement in the overnight window.

He then leaves IBM to head up another major PE company, Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy (including buying the company that will employ Snowden).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

trivia: turn of the century PE operations were buying up lots of government contractors and beltway bandits, hiring prominent politicians and lobbying congress to outsource Federal government to their companies. There are laws against companies using money from government contracts for lobbying ... but some how the money seems to be laundered when it is first pushed up to PE owners.

Private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts

trivia: FDC, after being spun off from AMEX in 1992 (in the largest IPO up until that time), 15yrs later, KKR (same company that had acquired RJR and hired away AMEX president to help with RJR) does a PE, LBO, reverse-IPO of FDC (in the largest LBO up until that time).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM CEO

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM CEO
Date: 09 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO

When we were doing our IBM HA/CMP product, we were out doing a lot of marketing on the other side of the Pacific. After we left, we kept in touch with many of the people. One of the emails from (former) IBM HK marketing reps, who had also left and gone to work for a head hunting company, said his boss was the person IBM board used that found Gerstner.

Private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

Nick Dinofrio stopped by Austin and all of the executives were out of town. Anne did five hand drawn charts for Nick, and said that she would do it, can't be done in Austin, will be $5M (she had previous sized/estimated similar projects). Nick agreed.

This was for HA/6000 which started out for NYTimes newspaper system (ATEX) to move off DEC VAXCluster to IBM (IBM CEO was on NYTimes board). Previously there had been all hands meeting and executives said that they had told CEO that Austin was doing it ... and nobody better let it leak outside Austin that it wasn't being done. Later when I was doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP.

Reference to Jan1992 cluster scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference room (16way mid1992, 128way ye1992)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
We were working with non-IBM RDBMS vendors that had VAXcluster support in same source base with their Unix implementation. I did VAXcluster semantic APIs as part of easing the cluster unix (IBM mainframe RDBMS wasn't portable and while there was ongoing work on c-language "SHELBY" for OS2 it was still to ship and would only have limited function).

Then over a few weeks, cluster/scaleup was transfered, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (limit the threat to mainframe commercial), we leave IBM a few months later

17Feb1992 press, ibm supercomputer for scientific/technical *ONLY*
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992 press, national lab interest in cluster supercomputing caught IBM by "surprise" (even tho I had been working with them off&on for over a decade)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2
The interest in clusters caught us by surprise, said Irving Wladawsky-Berger, IBM's assistant general manager of supercomputing systems. "It is one of these events where the users figured out what to do with our systems before we did."
... snip ...

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

trivia-1: More than decade earlier, I had worked with Jim Gray on the original sql/relational RDBMS implementation, System/R

system/R posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

trivia-2: More than decade earlier, I got con'ed into doing benchmarks on 4341 for national lab that was looking at getting 70 for compute farm ... sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami

comments today on 4341 from late 70s and early 80s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In Biden's recovery plan, an overdue rebuke of trickle-down economics

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: In Biden's recovery plan, an overdue rebuke of trickle-down economics
Date: 09 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
In Biden's recovery plan, an overdue rebuke of trickle-down economics
https://www.nj.com/opinion/2021/03/in-bidens-recovery-plan-an-overdue-rebuke-of-trickle-down-economics-moran.html

In 2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed tax revenue, eliminated the deficit and on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010, CBO office report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

On CNN, Fareed called out political strife and conflict got much worse with speaker Gingrich. In 1999, after we were asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). One of the things we were told was that there has always been conflict between the two parties, but they could put their differences aside and come together to do things for the country. Gingrich weaponized the political process, everything came to be about party advantage (the other party had to loose even if it damaged the country), and the level of party conflict and strife got signifciantly worse.

Study of 50 Years of Tax Cuts For Rich Confirms 'Trickle Down' Theory Is an Absolute Sham
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2020/12/study-of-50-years-of-tax-cuts-for-rich-confirms-trickle-down-theory-is-an-absolute-sham.html
Fifty Years of Tax Cuts for Rich Didn't Trickle Down, Study Says
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-12-16/fifty-years-of-tax-cuts-for-rich-didn-t-trickle-down-study-says
A huge study of 50 years of tax cuts for the wealthy suggests 'trickle-down' economics makes inequality worse
https://www.businessinsider.com/tax-cuts-rich-trickle-down-income-inequality-study-2020-1
Trickle Down Economics Started it All
https://johnhively.wordpress.com/2015/08/16/trickle-down-economics-started-it-all/
The IMF Confirms That 'Trickle-Down' Economics Is, Indeed, a Joke
https://psmag.com/economics/trickle-down-economics-is-indeed-a-joke
Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America. Nobel laureate James Buchanan is the intellectual linchpin of the Koch-funded attack on democratic institutions, argues Duke historian Nancy MacLean
https://www.ineteconomics.org/perspectives/blog/meet-the-economist-behind-the-one-percents-stealth-takeover-of-america
With Koch's money and enthusiasm, Buchanan's academic school evolved into something much bigger. By the 1990s, Koch realized that Buchanan's ideas -- transmitted through stealth and deliberate deception, as MacLean amply documents -- could help take government down through incremental assaults that the media would hardly notice. The tycoon knew that the project was extremely radical, even a "revolution" in governance, but he talked like a conservative to make his plans sound more palatable.
... snip ...

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
comptroller general posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
inequlity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopica
too-big-to-fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM CEO

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM CEO
Date: 09 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#50 IBM CEO

The way it was explained to us was Kingston had a group doing a traditional supercomputer (they were also providing some funding to Chen Supercomputer). They were also trying to block our working with LANL & LLNL. Then the member of the executivie committee backing the project, retired the end of OCT1991 and most projects he had been backing were audited. Shortly afterwards that Kingston supercomputer effort was shutdown and an internal supercomputer conference was announced (basically trolling the company for supercomputer technology). One of the RS6000 engineers got a talk scheduled at the conference on cluster scalep ... and a few weeks later our HA/CMP cluster scaleup was transfered, announced as IBM supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (we leave IBM a few months later).

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Part of our work with LLNL involved porting the LLNL (Cray UNICOS) LINCS filesystem/fileserver to HA/CMP ... which did continue ... even though HA/CMP had been kneecapped at four processors. From long ago and far away (HA/CMP, Oct1989):

Date: Tue, 17 Oct 1989 13:03:46 PDT
From: wheeler
Subject: LINCS, SMS, UNIX, etc;

There was a meeting yesterday and today at LLNL with LLNL, General Atomics, and IBM to discuss General Atomics intention to offer the LINCS (cross between IBM's SMS ... system managed storage ... and the various other distributed archive/backup/restore systems ... mesa, mss-2, cfs, etc). Currently installed are 5-10(?) STC robot tape libraries (use 3480 tape cartridges) which are handled automatically in addition to extensive operator interfaces for manual mounts from the tape vault. GA is working on adding support for other robot systems.

LLNL is talking about replacing their current LAN interconnect early next year with 2000x2000 circuit switch with HSC capability. LINCS Storage System was originally implemented on Delta-t, a LLNL brew communication protocol, but has since been enhanced to use standard BSD socket library (i.e. use any protocol supported by sockets ... tcp/ip ... upcoming osi ... and from note I distributed last week regarding KI Research ... DECNET).

General Atomics already offers Los Alamos CFS commercially under the name "Datatree" and GA will be offering LINCS commercially under the name "UNITREE".

One of the things mentioned offline as I was leaving is that LINCS has been proposed and is under consideration as the "native" filesystem for Cray's UNICOS system (in addition to having extensive fileserver distributed capability, it has extensive "SMS" archiving, automatic, transparent hiearchical data management capability).

Also, in the context of high availability, we also had a short offline discussion regarding things like disk arrays as well as loosely-coupled and global locking. For loosely-coupled MP support (i.e. they already have extensive tightly-coupled MP support), they have thought about it, but haven't done a lot of work on it yet. They currently run a production machine and a development machine with shared channel access to all the same hardware. Currently in case of a production machine failure, the development machine can be switched to come up running production. They mentioned that it was fairly quick transition since they maintain a consistent filesystem and so the take-over doesn't take very long.

They mentioned that in the native production system with approx. 100 large capacity drives, they have the management profile setup to automatically archive non-backed-up files everytime the number of (new) non-backed-up files reach 300. They "figure" that way, in the case of any single drive failure, the maximum number of lost files would be 2-3 (i.e. 100 drives, max. of 300 non-backed-up files, avg. max of 3 non-backed-up files per drive). SMS management profile is also set-up to maintain certain minimum available space and automatically erase "old" (they would already be automatically archived), unused files until sufficient space becomes available.

The meeting yesterday ended with the intention of active pursuing an immediate short-term objective of investigating Unitree applicability to AIX/370. Suggestion was to have some followup discussion (possibly after the supercomputer conference in nov) about longer term possibility in AIX.

There were a couple of papers also distributed:

UCRL-Preprint 98751 Notes on Operating System Requirements for the Next Millennium R. W. Watson ... given at Cray User Group Meeting, 4/26-29, 1988

ACM TOCS, V5N2, May 1987 Gaining Efficiency in Transport Services by Appropriate Design and Implementation Choices, R.W. Watson, Sandy A. Mamrak

Working Notes: Motivation, Goals, and Development Strategy of NLTSS. R.W. Watson, July 1, 1987

... snip ... top of post, old email index

from the LLNL distributed LINCS foils:

LLNL Storage Statistics


2500 Users 400,000 Archive directories 6,000,000 Archive files 5 Terrabytes On-line 1 Terrabyte Off-line 1 Megabyte Average file size 20% Less than 8k bytes 50% Less than 125k bytes 1,000,000 Net increase in files each year 128 Megabytes Current maximum file size 1-2 Megabytes/sec current file transport speed

Typical Archival Storage Activity (per day)

4,600 files recorded (8 GB) 2,400 files read (3 GB) 200 cartridge mounts (90% cache hits) 2,000 worker-worker transfers 150,000 directory accesses

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM CEO

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM CEO
Date: 09 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#50 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#52 IBM CEO

The other "supercomputer" group in Kingston was Clementi's E&S lab. ... had a 3090 with a boat load Floating Point System (FPS) boxes (as did Cornell) ... the boxes included 40mbyte/sec RAID arrays ... needed to keep the boxes fed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floating_Point_Systems
Cornell University, led by physicist Kenneth G. Wilson, made a supercomputer proposal to NSF with IBM to produce a processor array of FPS boxes attached to an IBM mainframe with the name lCAP.
... snip ...

Starting in early 80s had HSDT project T1(1.5mbits/sec) and faster computer links ... was working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally NSF releases RFP (in part based on what we already had running) ... old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

Internal politics prevent us from bidding, NSF director tries to help by writing IBM a letter (copying CEO) with support from some other 3-letter agencies ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (further aggravated along the way with comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connected into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

old post with 1986 list of supercomputers on bitnet/netnorth/earn (as well as reference that Clementi had 20 FPS boxes)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#61

also had T1 link between Los Gatos VLSI lab and Clementi's lab in Kingston ... aside Los Gatos had done the first VLSI logic verification engine (LSM, predating both YSM and EVE), including using it for digital/analog thin film disk heads (first used in 3370 and later 3380)
https://www.computerhistory.org/storageengine/thin-film-heads-introduced-for-large-disks/

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
getting to play disk engineer post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

other posts mentioning clementi's lab
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#14 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#63 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#35 curly brace languages source code style quides
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#95 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#50 System/360--detailed engineering description (AFIPS 1964)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#92 mainframe fortran, or A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#47 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#71 PDP 11/40 system manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#109 IBM Token-Ring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#110 IBM Token-RIng
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#32 Cluster Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#48 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#62 Mainframe IPL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#63 Mainframe IPL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#1 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?

posts mentioning Los Gatos LSM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#3 Chip Emulators - was How does a chip get designed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#55 Multics hardware (was Re: "Soul of a New Machine" Computer?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#77 Pipelining in the past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#82 Future architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#26 LSM, YSE, & EVE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#31 asynchronous CPUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#3 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#14 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#38 When nerds were nerds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#16 US fiscal policy (Was: Bob Bemer, Computer Pioneer,Father of ASCII,Invento
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#25 CKD Disks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#65 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#6 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#33 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#42 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#11 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#73 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#61 Fast and Safe C Strings: User friendly C macros to Declare and use C Strings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#53 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#58 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#61 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#22 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#67 1401 simulator for OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#68 CA to IBM TCP Conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#68 Toyota Beats GM in Global Production
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#63 What happened to computer architecture (and comp.arch?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#71 using an FPGA to emulate a vintage computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#83 Notes on two presentations by Gordon Bell ca. 1998
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#52 Basic question about CPU instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#50 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#0 By Any Other Name
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#5 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#13 Looking for info on IBM ATMs - 2984, 3614, and 3624
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#84 HSDT, LSM, and EVE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#5 LSM - Los Gatos State Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#62 Mainframe IPL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM CEO

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM CEO
Date: 09 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#50 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#52 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#53 IBM CEO

trivia: co-worker at the science center was responsible for the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s. The technology was also used for the corporate sponsored univ. network, BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
EARN was effectively BITNET in Europe (also corporate sponsored)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_and_Research_Network

old 1984 email from IBMer that more than decade earlier had done sabbatical at the cambridge science center and then went back to france ... he had just transfered to Paris to start putting together EARN ... and was looking for online/network applications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM CEO

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM CEO
Date: 10 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#50 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#52 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#53 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#54 IBM CEO

In the mid-80s, the communication group was fighting hard to block mainframe TCP/IP announce&ship, which they eventually lost ... but they then switched their game and said that since they owned all IBM products that crossed datacenter walls, it had to be released through them. What shipped got aggregate 44kbytes/sec throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the RFC1044 enhancements and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, got sustained 4341 megabyte channel speed media throughput using only modest amount of 4341 CPU (around 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed). Note US full-duplex T1, 1.5mbits/sec or 3mbits/sec aggregate, aka 300kbytes/sec/link (or EU T1 2mbits/sec, 400kbytes/sec/link) ... HSDT with multiple links, needed multiple mainframe channels worth of throughput

A vendor TCP/IP router box supporting RFC1044 had ibm & cray (100mbyte/sec) as well as other vendor channel interfaces, telco full-duplex (T1/1.5mbit & T3/44mbit) interfaces, and up to 16 10mbit ethernet interfaces ... capable of sustaining aggregate 200mbit in & 200mbit out ... later doubled to 400mbit in & 400mbit out.

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
RFC1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MAINFRAME (4341) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: MAINFRAME (4341) History
Date: 10 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History

rochester VM/370 versus VM/XA trivia: in the mad rush after Future System imploding, the head of POK managed to convince corporate to kill VM/370, shutdown the development group and move people to POK for MVS/XA (otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time several years in the future) ... Endicott managed to save the VM/370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch ... during this period there were lots of customer complaints about VM370 code quality.

Some of the people that went to POK did a new virtual machine (VMTOOL) that was specific for MVS/XA testing (and was never intended to be a product). Later when MVS customers weren't migrating to MVS/XA (and Amdahl was shipping hardware hypervisor, basically LPAR several years before IBM), POK releases VMTOOL as migration aid (VM/MA and VM/SF), limited interactive, targeted at running MVS and MVS/XA concurrently

Then one person in Rochester adds full XA/370 support to VM/370 and POK requests approval for hundreds of people to upgrade VMTOOL to VM/370 feature/function/performance for VM/XA. In the resulting corporate politics, POK wins.

rochester vm370 xa/370 support:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#114 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#118 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#39 SIE - CompArch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#27 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#79 VM370 Development
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#32 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#77 IBM downturn

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MAINFRAME (4341) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: MAINFRAME (4341) History
Date: 10 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#56 MAINFRAME (4341) History

trivia: in 1987, OS/2 group had sent email to the Kingston VM/XA group asking about how to do interactive scheduling, Kingston VM/XA group forwarded it to Endicott VM/370 group ... which forwarded it to me. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#email871124
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#email871204
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#email871204b

trivia: I had done dynamic adaptive resource management and interactive scheduling for cp/67, two decades earlier in the 60s as undergraduate. In the early 80s I ran across something like the original cp/67 code (from the 60s) in UNIX. Note some of the MIT 7094 CTSS people went to the MIT Project MAC on the 5th flr to do MULTICS. Others went to the IBM science center on the 4th and did virtual machines, internal network, lots of online and performance apps, invented GML (in 1969), etc. Folklore is that some of the Bell Labs people involved in Multics went back and did UNIX (as a simplified MULTICS). I assumed that original CP67 scheduling may have traced back to CTSS as well as UNIX (via MULTICS).

dyanamic adaptive resource management posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

trivia: CMS was precursor to personal computing; before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was Seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before Seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing cp/m, kildall worked on cp/67-cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MAINFRAME (4341) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: MAINFRAME (4341) History
Date: 10 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#56 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#57 MAINFRAME (4341) History

other 4300 trivia:

FE had bootstrap field maintenance process starting with scoping components. 3081 put components in TCM ... was no long able to scope ... so added "service processor", a UC processor (low end processor used by lot of communication group products) with lots of connections into TCM (and all specialized ryo "from scratch" software). The UC processor could be "scoped" (& repaired/replaced, had 3310 FBA for disk), which then could be used to diagnose the TCMs. For 3090, it started out with 4331 (which could be scoped) running a modified version of VM370 release 6 for service/diagnostics (all screens written in CMS IOS3270 & using 3370 FBA disks) ... upgraded to a pair of redundant 4361s (referred to as 3092, in place of a scope'able 4331). Note every 3090 required two 3370 A2 FBA disks (for the two 4361 service processors) even MVS 3090 installations (which never supported FBA).
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

I had provided some help to the group when they first started out in the very early 80s ... hoping to not have repeat the mistake of the 3081 service processor having to write all software completely from scratch. About the same time I had rewrote the IPCS system dump and diagnostic tool as a demonstration that REX(X) wasn't just another pretty scripting language (objective was 3months elapsed working half-time, ten times faster with ten times the function ... some slight of hand to make the interpreted REX(x) implementation run ten times faster than the original assembler implementation). I finished early so I wrote some automatic libraries to scan for specific kind of failure scenarios. Even tho nearly every internal installation and PSR used it, it never shipped to customers. I eventually got approval to make presentations at user group meetings on how I did the implementation and within a few months, similar implementations started appearing at customer shops. In any case, some old email from the 3092 group that wanted to ship it as part of the service processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

DUMPRX posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

past 3092 service processor posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#10 Different Implementations of VLIW
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#38 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#71 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#62 3090 ... announce 12Feb85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#42 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#68 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#13 Last card reader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#58 Why can't the track format be changed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#23 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#38 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#63 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#53 Image if someone built a general-menu-system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#76 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#23 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#83 How smart do you need to be to be really good with Assembler?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#0 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#68 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#25 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#33 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#27 Getting at the original command name/line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#32 Getting at the original command name/line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#91 rebuild 1403 printer chain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#30 GUI vs 3270 Re: MVS Quick Reference, was: LookAT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#31 Hardware failures (was Re: Scary Sysprogs ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#14 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#21 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#42 DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#7 More IBM DASD RAS discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#86 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#88 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#37 IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#50 Mainframes after Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#80 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#81 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#88 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#89 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#16 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#6 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#48 IPCS, DUMPRX, 3092, EREP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#76 How many years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#82 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#0 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#120 maps on Cadillac Seville trip computer from 1978

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM CEO

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM CEO
Date: 11 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#50 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#52 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#53 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#54 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#55 IBM CEO

We had left IBM (after cluster scaleup had been transfered, announced as IBM supercomputer for technical/scientific *only* and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors) ... and were attending annual supercomputer conference (in portland that year) ... this was not long after IBM/SP2 had been installed at the Maui supercomputer center ... and they had a display on the show floor. We were walking around the show floor with somebody ... who quickly veered off as we were coming up to the Maui display. He later said that Maui center had only recently been declassified but his security clearance still said that he had to report any (every) reference (that wasn't in classified setting).

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM CEO

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM CEO
Date: 11 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#50 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#52 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#53 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#54 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#55 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#59 IBM CEO

NSF had given $120M to UC for Berkeley supercomputer center ... and since the plan was still HSDT would get $20 to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers, I gave some number of talks at Berkeley (before congress cuts the budget, RFP released, in part passed on what we already had running, and internal politics prevent us from bidding). However UC regents master plan was the UCSD got the next new bldg ... so it became UCSD supercomputer center (instead of UCB) ... and they let contract for it to be operated by General Atomics (had number of meetings there ... both on HA/CMP cluster scaleup as well as porting both LANL and LLNL supercomputer filesystems to HA/CMP ... General Atomics was also at the two-day LLNL meeting mentioned upthread in this email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#email891017

However, it did get me asked to see if I could help with the Berkeley "10M" telescope. They were doing some technology testing at Lick observatory (east of san jose) ... part was transition from film to CCD ... at the time they only had 200x200 (40K, but there was rumors that Spielberg had 4mpel CCD as part of hollywood transition from film to CCD). The "10M" was going up on mountain in Hawaii and they wanted to do remote viewing (from sea level as well back at the mainland). Initial estimates was they needed at least 800kbit/sec link for images. "10M" project gets an $80M grant from Keck foundation and it was rename the Keck "10M"
https://www.keckobservatory.org/
Hawaii has had recent news about the "new" TMT (thirty meter telescope) ... but the Berkeley "10M" was the first TMT.

Funny story, HSDT was doing both terrestrial (fiber, microwave, etc) and satellite high-speed links ... and having some custom TDMA satellite stations built. Both MACOM/Linkabit and Multipoint were building identical sets to IBM specifications. Turns out Multipoint had been recently formed electronics subsidiary of Toronto IronWorks which had doing a lot of work building large dishes for gov and industry contracts (not just satellites, but also deep space). Then it is announced that Toronto Ironworks had gotten the contract to build Keck Observatory. Other funny story was both Linkabit and Multipoint said that they had been approached by AT&T asking to build them TDMA earth stations (to the IBM specs).

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

recent posts mentioning Lick &/or Keck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#89 Earth's atmosphere just crossed another troubling climate change threshold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#76 George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#71 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#47 Astronomy topic drift
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#50 Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#88 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#25 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#25 Too much for one lifetime? :-)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MAINFRAME (4341) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: MAINFRAME (4341) History
Date: 11 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#56 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#57 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#58 MAINFRAME (4341) History

pdu trivia: about "First Data" (mentioned in the Gerstner thread)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO

I mentioned Gerstner had been president of AMEX and AMEX & KKR were in competition for LBO of RJR and KKR wins. Then KKR runs into trouble and hires away president of AMEX to help with RJR. IBM was in the process of of being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company when board hires the former AMEX president as CEO, who reverses the breakup ... he also uses some of the RJR techniques at IBM (reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine).
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

In 1992, AMEX also spins off a lot of its dataprocessing, transaction outsourcing, datacenters, etc (including "soup to nuts" handling half of all credit card accounts in the US, transactions, billing, statements, etc) in the largest IPO up until that time as First Data. After leaving IBM, I'm doing lot of work at First Data. Turn of century, one of their datacenters has >forty max-configured IBM mainframes, at @$30M, none older than 18months, constant rolling replacements), all running 450K statement cobol program (number of mainframes needed to finish settlement of all accounts in the overnight batch window), and I'm doing some performance optimization work (I get 14% throughput improvement after a couple months work).

That datacenter had been having some glitches (power failure, switching from batteries and then to diesel generation, and then back) in their top-of-line PDUs and they hire an engineering company to work with the PDU vendor to improve the design and implementation (giving all the work for free to the PDU vendor, as long they upgrade their products to the enhanced design). At the turn of the century, they claim that at least 1000 of the new enhanced PDUs had already been installed for datacenters in just the greater Washington DC area.

trivia: 15yrs after First Data was largest IPO up until that time, KKR does a LBO of First Data in the largest reverse-IPO, leveraged buyout up until that time.

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
Private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

other posts mentioning First Data 450k statement cobol application
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#50 Where can you get a Minor in Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#20 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#24 Job ad for z/OS systems programmer trainee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#81 Intel: an expensive many-core future is ahead of us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#5 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#76 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#20 IBM forecasts 'new world order' for financial services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#35 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#45 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#13 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#62 Cobol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#155 Book on monopoly (IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MAINFRAME (4341) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: MAINFRAME (4341) History
Date: 11 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#56 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#57 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#58 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History

Endicott had con'ed me into helping them with ECPS microcode assist for 138/148 ... part of the original study:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

... and then con'ed me into running around presenting to business/forecasters.

US regions basically forecast whatever corporate told them was strategic ... typically some percent more than previous model (US regions had no responsibility for bad forecasts ... and plants had to "eat" any problem). Outside US forecasts, turned into country orders and it was responsibility of the country to sell them ... regardless of what corporate said was strategic. US forecasts for 138/148 was whatever the formula said, regardless of features (endicott said they always had to redo US region forecasts to not being hung out to dry). Non-US said 138/148 forecasts would be zero without IBM unique features (aka IBM "added value", because of 370 clone makers). 4331/4341 was much better positioned.

trivia: magnuson involved Amdahl's son
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnuson_Computer_Systems
360/370 microcode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360mcode

past posts mentioning virgil/tully, 138/148, ecps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#2 Most complex instructions (was Re: IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#3 Most complex instructions (was Re: IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#51 Handling variable page sizes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#68 Tweaking old computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#4 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#7 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#14 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#15 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#56 Reviving Multics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#37 S/360 undocumented instructions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#45 hung/zombie users ... long boring, wandering story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#62 microsoft antitrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#16 DOS/360: Forty years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#17 DOS/360: Forty years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#18 DOS/360: Forty years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#49 Determining processor status without IPIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#50 Performance and Capacity Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#54 Determining processor status without IPIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#59 Book on computer architecture for beginners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#10 long ago and far away, vm370 from early/mid 70s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#44 1960s: IBM mgmt mistrust of SLT for ICs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#46 1960s: IBM mgmt mistrust of SLT for ICs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#50 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#65 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#15 Patents, Copyrights, Profits, Flex and Hercules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#36 Writing 23FDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#36 Oracle Introduces Oracle VM As It Leaps Into Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#26 Op codes removed from z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#8 Can outsourcing be stopped?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#46 U.S. begins inquiry of IBM in mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#10 Titles for the Class of 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#28 Personal histories and IBM computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#42 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#47 Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#79 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#37 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#82 Migration off mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#70 Mainframe System 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#82 One day, a computer will fit on a desk (1974) - YouTube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#102 Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#104 DOS descendant still lives was Re: slight reprieve on the z
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#33 IBM Future System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Distributed Computing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Distributed Computing
Date: 11 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
rlong-winded discussion from these recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History

that has comments about cluster 4341s (leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami) & distributed 4341s (leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami)

I had done CMSBACK in the 70s for internal datacenters which went through several releases. Then a group added PC & workstation clients and it was released to customers as workstation datasave facility (WDSF) ... when it was picked up by GPD/ADSTAR, it morphed into ADSM ... and then renamed TSM (now spectrum something?).

posts mentioning cmsback, archive, storage management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#archive

Later when we were doing IBM's HA/CMP product ... we were working with national labs on cluster supercomputers ... as well as porting the LLNL Cray UNICOS LINCS filesystem/fileserver to HA/CMP ... sort of a superset combination of MVS SMS, ADSM/TSM, and distributed fileserver (this was before cluster scaleup was tranferred, announced as IBM supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY* and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors). I recently added an OCT1989 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#email891017

in comment about two day meeting on LINCS at LLNL in the gerster/supercomputer post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#52 IBM CEO

some of the gov. institutions having written their own filesystems, LLNL, LANL, NASA/AMES, and NCAR ... in boulder, i.e.
https://ncar.ucar.edu/

I've posted before about second half 80s, a senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opened the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter wall and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. The disk division was seeing drop in disk sales with customer moving to platforms more distributed computing friendly. The disk division came up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group with their strategic stranglehold on datacenters. The communication group datacenter stranglehold not only affected disk sales but much of the rest of computing business ... and a couple years later, IBM goes into the red (and was being reorged into the 13 baby blues in preparation for breaking up the company).

posts about communication group and demise of disk division
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

As partial work-around communication group constantly veto'ing GPD/ADSTAR shipping their own product, ADSTAR software VP was investing in distributed computing startups that would use IBM disks ... and he would periodically ask us to visit them to see if we could offer any help. One of his investments was "MESA", the filesystem startup spinoff of NCAR (also being done to RS/6000 & HA/CMP in fall-over ... but not concurrent cluster).

posts mentioning ha/cmp
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

posts mentioning mesa archival:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#21 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#22 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#66 commodity storage servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#46 What goes into a 3090?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#61 GE 625/635 Reference + Smart Hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#29 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#31 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#6 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#75 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#29 FW: Is FICON good enough, or is it the only choice we get?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#12 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#15 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#16 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#19 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#29 CRAM, DataCell, and 3850
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#47 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#51 Barbless
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#58 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#42 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#69 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#71 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#85 3270 Emulator Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#34 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#27 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#47 IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#46 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#9 3270s & other stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#15 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#68 30 yr old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 GRS Control Unit ( Was IBM mainframe operations in the 80s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#26 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#63 Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#67 Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#25 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#50 Can anyone remember "drum" storage?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#63 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#41 The Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#116 Next Generation Global Prediction System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CMS Support

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: CMS Support
Date: 11 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Note CMS did have 64kbytes of OS/360 simulation for running OS/360 applications. Overtime as MVS got more complex, there were some number of MVS applications that didn't run under CMS. Los Gatos looks at the huge GPD MDS (huge MVS microcode design system) and found with 12bytes more simulation code, it would handle many of the additional MVS applications. There was joke that the 64kbytes (plus 12kbytes additonal) was a much more efficient OS/360 simulation than the 8mbyte OS/360 simulation in MVS.

Somewhat blame me for the diagnose codes. CMS originally built to run on real 360/40. When I got CP67 at the univ. I noticed all of CMS disk I/O was same channel program ... and defined a new CCW that did all the operations in single CCW cutting down CP67 overhead (with test of whether CMS was running stand alone or in virtual machine). Science Center said I violated 360 architecture rules ... and all that function had to be moved to diagnose instructions ... which was defined as "model" dependent in the principles of operation ... and formulated an artificial model for POP ... a virtual machine "model".

CP40 & CMS originally developed on 360/40 (with hardware mods for virtual memory)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

CP40 morphs into CP67 when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available ... science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Later in morph of CP67 to VM370 lots of features & functions were eliminated and/or simplified ... including support in CMS being able to run on real hardware (along with CP67 multiprocessor support and lots of my performance code I had done as undergraduate).

Note CMS did have 64kbytes of OS/360 simulation for running OS/360 applications. Overtime as MVS got more complex, there were some number of MVS applications that didn't run under CMS. Los Gatos looks at the huge GPD MDS (huge MVS microcode design system) and found with 12bytes more simulation code, it would handle many of the additional MVS applications. There was joke that the 64kbytes (plus 12kbytes additonal) was a much more efficient OS/360 simulation than the 8mbyte OS/360 simulation in MVS.

As I've periodically mentioned that during Future System in the 1st part of 70s, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

370 stuff was being shutdown (lack of new 370 is credited with giving close system makers, market foothold) ... then with the implosion of FS, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines including kicking off quick&dirty 3033 and 3081 efforts in parallel ... most stuff on FS, 3033, & 3081:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Head of POK then convinced corporate to kill vm370, shutdown the development group and move all the people to POK as part of MVS/XA (or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time). As part of shutdown a bunch of additional OS/360 simulation was added including read/write os/360 native disks and file stuff (as well as other enhancements) evaporated with the group shutdown.

Endicott managed to save the vm/370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch. Part of Endicott VM370 mission was to add DOS/VS simulation to VM370 (as part of running DOS/VS applications).

They weren't going to tell the people that they were being moved from Burlington (boston rt128) to POK until the very last minute, to minimize those that might escape. The information leaked early ... resulting in joke that head of POK was one of the largest contributors to DEC VAX VMS (which was in its development infancy) ... there was witch hunt for who leaked the information, fortunately for me nobody talked.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Computer Literacy

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Computer Literacy
Date: 12 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
... friday after work in the late 70s and early 80s we would sit around trying to figure out the applications that would motivate managers & executives to use computers ... most were (still) computer literate. in the early 80s there was a rapidly spreading rumor that some members of the executive committee might be using email to communicate. this was in the days when 3270 terminals were part of the annual budget ... and all of sudden there was rash of managers preempting 3270 deliveries (justified for productive work) to sit on their desk all day with the logon screen (and later the profs menu) being burned into the screen (while their assistants actually handled any email for them) ... using the 3270 on their desk for a facade that they knew something about computers

At one point we decided that online telephone books might help ... Jim Gray was to spend one week doing a lookup program and I would spend one week doing the processes that collected, organized and reformatted the information into online phonebook format (i.e. sort of experiment that two weeks time might be worth trying to help address the enormous computer illiteracy problem in the company).

Then the profs group was formed to do fullscreen, menu interface (as an aid for the computer illiterate) ... and they were picking up lots of applications around the company to package as part of the profs menu interface ... including the online telephone books. They also picked up a very early version of VMSG for the email client. However, when the VMSG offered then a much enhanced version, they tried to get him fired (apparently having taken credit for the email client). The whole thing quieted down when the VMSG author demonstrated his initials in a non-displayed "profs" field. After that the VMSG author only shared his source with me and one other person.

some past posts mentioning VMSG, PROFS, and/or computer illiteracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#43 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#81 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#86 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#94 VM370 Logo Screen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#9 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#12 HONE Shutdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#13 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#15 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#98 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#99 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#66 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#43 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#76 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#88 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#89 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#108 Some (IBM-related) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#8 IBM email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#36 Whitehouse EMAIL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#25 How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#68 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#78 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#80 The ICL 2900 Buying a computer in the 1960s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#70 IBM online systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#8 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#41 Iran/Contra and Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#67 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#73 Demolishing the Tile Turtle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#27 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#21 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#22 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#23 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#15 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#34 The First E-mail Scandal, Long Before Hillary Clinton: Iran/Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#41 S/360 announce 4/7/1964, 54yrs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#5 DOS & OS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#91 Having learned 20yrs earlier, and both Bush1 & Bush2 as example, move to non-gov email servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#105 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#25 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#54 PROFS, email, 3270
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#75 CP67 & EMAIL history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#56 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#20 Internal Telephone Message System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#61 Location Independent Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#70 Russia Hacked Clinton's Computers Five Hours After Trump's Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#70 2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#96 PROFS and Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#108 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#81 38 people cited for violations in Clinton email probe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#37 Early mainframe security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#56 In the 1970s, Email Was Special

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ACP/TPF 3083

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: ACP/TPF 3083
Date: 12 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
TPF had enormous issues with 3081 since TPF didn't have tightly coupled, multiprocessor support and 3081 product line was multiprocessor only machines. IBM was afraid that the whole TPF market was going to move to Amdahl, furthermore Amdahl's latest single processor machine had about the same throughput as two processor 3081K. This has more detailed explanation about how bad 3081 was (besides it not having single processor machines).
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

... one of the plausible explanations (from above) for the introduction of TCMs ... was to package the enormous excess circuits into smaller compact area.

Eventually IBM managed to come out with 3083 ... a 3081 with one of the processors removed ... originally targeted for the TPF market ... giving TPF an IBM single processor machine ... but it was only half the throughput of Amdahl's single processor machine. This kicked off a whole sequence of 3083 tweaking specifically for improving TPF throughput.

My wife reading this thread, remembers that the top IBM TPF person had given her a detailed tutorial on TPF design/implementation when she was assigned as chief architect for Amadeus (european res system built off old eastern systemm one) ... note she didn't remain long, she got replaced fairly quickly by the SNA forces because she sided with the europeans on non-SNA ... it didn't do the SNA forces much good because the europeans went non-SNA anyway ... and got their replacement, replaced.

3090 had a different TCM issue ... it had configured the number of channels assuming the 3880 with 3380 disks was the same as 3830/3330 but with ten times the transfer rate. They eventually figured out that while 3880 had special hardware path for 3mbyte data transfer, the 3880 JIB-prime microprocessor for everything else was much slower (than 3830), significantly increasing the channel busy (more than they anticipated) ... and they were going to have to drastically increase the number of channels in order to achieve the projected throughputs. The increase in channels resulted in having to add an additional TCM to each 3090 ... and the 3090 group semi-facetiously claimed that they were going to bill the 3880 controller group for the increase in 3090 manufacturing cost. Eventually marketing spun the significant increase in channels as 3090 being a wonderful I/O machine ... when it was actually necessary to achieve the original design throughput (offsetting the significant 3880 channel busy overhead).

multiprocessor posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

tpf/3083 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#103 IBM 9020 computers used by FAA (was Re: EPO stories (was: HELP IT'S HOT!!!!!))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#17 I hate Compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#83 HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#28 TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#58 AMP vs SMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#30 One Processor is bad?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#44 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#44 Intel engineer discusses their dual-core design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#5 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#16 On the 370/165 and the 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#83 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#40 Fantasy-Land_Hierarchal_NUMA_Memory-Model_on_Vertical
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#14 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#38 American Airlines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#57 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#66 Mainframe articles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#55 IBM halves mainframe Linux engine prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#65 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#21 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#14 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#79 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#78 IBM to announce new MF's this year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#16 Sabre Talk Information?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#19 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#49 vm/370 3081
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#7 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#71 Help with elementary CPU speed question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#90 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#91 IBM 4341, introduced in 1979, was 26 times faster than the 360/30
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#74 Lineage of TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#20 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#39 IBM etc I/O channels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#72 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#74 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting

3880/jib-prime posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#16 Computer of the century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#38 How to learn assembler language for OS/390 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#75 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#54 VLIW at IBM Research
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#44 Golden Era of Compilers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#63 MVS History (all parts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#2 Microcode? (& index searching)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#3 Microcode? (& index searching)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#55 Multics hardware (was Re: "Soul of a New Machine" Computer?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#2 What is microcode?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#3 PLX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#2 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#7 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#43 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#43 S/360 undocumented instructions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#45 hung/zombie users ... long boring, wandering story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#65 System/360 40 years old today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#15 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#25 CKD Disks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#61 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#50 non ECC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#6 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#9 Mainframe Jobs Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#46 Hercules 3.04 announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#0 IBM 3380 and 3880 maintenance docs needed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#50 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#32 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#17 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#31 MB to Cyl Conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#38 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#53 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#46 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#52 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#45 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#49 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#60 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#36 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#63 What happened to computer architecture (and comp.arch?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#79 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#30 SHAREWARE at Its Finest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#62 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#14 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#36 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#37 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#54 Graph of total world disk space over time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#128 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#28 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#75 megabytes per second
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#27 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#28 IBM mainframe evolves to serve the digital world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#17 What is a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#16 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#86 By Any Other Name
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#0 By Any Other Name
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#57 rebuild 1403 printer chain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#69 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#79 Asynchronous Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#81 Asynchronous Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#45 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#56 IBM 1401 vs. 360/30 emulation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#76 IBM disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#1 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#61 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#42 If Memory Had Been Cheaper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#60 San Jose bldg 50 and 3380 manufacturing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MAINFRAME (4341) History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: MAINFRAME (4341) History
Date: 12 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#56 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#57 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#58 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#62 MAINFRAME (4341) History

i've posted many times that 4300s sold into the mid-range market about the same as DEC VAX machines ... for single or small unit orders. The big difference was large corporations ordering hundreds of vm/4300s for distributing out in departmental (non-datacenter) areas ... sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami. Inside IBM, conference rooms were becoming scarce commodity because so many were being taken over by vm/4341s.

Old post with a decade of DEC VAX numbers, sliced&diced by year, model, US/non-US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

note that the above VAX numbers include microvax which aren't part of the mid-range market. After the mid-80s, can see that the mid-range market was moving to workstations and large PC servers.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Online History
Date: 13 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
.. there is facebook small restricted online history group (not just internet). there was recent thread about the rise of viruses and the anti-virus business model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#45 McAfee antivirus software creator charged with cheating investors
... my recent post from couple days ago:
At 1996 (SanFran) Moscone MDC ... all the banners said "Internet" but the constant refrain in all the sessions were "protect your investment" ... aka lots of script segments embedded in data files that were automagically executed ... evolved in small, closed, safe, private business LANs. The network support was being expanded to the wild anarchy of the internet w/o any countermeasures. Within a couple years, it became a major source of exploits (and a faulty "virus checking" business model, constantly checking for specific virus signatures ... numbers that were quickly exploding)

Jim Gray was also having open house for his (san fran) m'soft research a couple blocks away (during 1996 MDC). A decade later (before he disappears) he cons me into interviewing for chief security architect up in Redmond ... it drags on for a couple weeks, but we could not come to agreement (I would bring up the whole thing from 1996 MDC about no countermeasures for opening the desktops to the wild anarchy of the Internet).

... snip ...

In 2004, I did some number of posts that prior to 1996, the majority of internet vulnerabilities were C-language string/buffer length coding mistakes ... but after 1996, automatic scripting execution (virsus) grew to be major internet exploits ... did some frequency analysis of the CVE database,
http://cve.mitre.org/
I had asked Mitre if they could ask that reports be a little bit more structure, but at the time they said that they were lucky to get any reports at all, requiring better structure in the reports might result in getting less http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#43 spring of 2005 there is similar report published from NIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#20

trivia: after leaving IBM in the early 90s, we were brought into a small client/server startup as consultants. Two former Oracle people that we worked with on commercial cluster scaleup ... and in fact were in the jan1992 Ellison where IBM said we would have 16way by mid-1992 and 128way by ye1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
of course this was before a few weeks later, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer, and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors

... in any case, the two former Oracle people were responsible for something called "commerce server" and they wanted to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now sometimes called "electronic commerce". I had absolute authority over everything between the servers and the payment networks but could only make recommendations on the browser side (some of which were almost immediately violated that continue to account for some number exploits that continue to this day).

Funny thing some of the startup founders had been at NCSA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosaic_(web_browser)
... that we had run into when we were at IBM and working with director of NSF and were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budgets, some other things happened and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). 28Mar1986 Preliminary release
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
Internal politics prevent us from bidding, NSF director tries to help by writing IBM a letter (copying CEO) with support from some other 3-letter agencies ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (further aggravated along the way with comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connected into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

I was also doing some work with Postel at USC/ISI,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Postel
and RFC editor (internet standards). He would let me help with the periodically released STD1. He also sponsored my talk on "Why Internet Wasn't Business Critical Dataprocessing" (based on countermeasures and compensating procedures I had to do for "electronic commerce")

Note lots of web pages at wayback machine,
https://archive.org/web/
Kale
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brewster_Kahle
founded WAIS in silicon valley
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wide_area_information_server

we were at the grand opening, it was in old two story house just north of the Palo Alto/Menlo Park city line, a couple blocks east of el camino. After selling WAIS to AOL, he founded the wayback machine.

NSF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Online History
Date: 13 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#68 Online History

trivia: when NCSA complained about the use of the name "MOSAIC", what company let them have "NETSCAPE"???

... more trivia, june 17th of 1995 ... the largest online service provider started having some of its internet facing servers crash. for the next two months they had all the usual experts in to look at it ... but the crashes continued. then aug. 17, somebody flew out to the west coast and bought me a hamburger after work and while i ate it ... explained the symptoms. i then gave him a q&d work around patch that was applied later that night (explaining it was something we had identified when we were doing HA/CMP at IBM).

i then made the rounds of the usual vendors that sell tcpip/internet stuff ... suggesting that maybe they do something to address the problem; nobody was interested.

exactly a year later, that problem started up again and hit the press ... and there was a big rush by all the vendors to brag how fast they were fixing the problem.

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

past posts mentioning being bought a hamburger to consult on problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#51 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#34 windows time service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#21 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#35 Builders V. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#68 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#15 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#81 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#119 AOL

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM/BMI/MIB

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM/BMI/MIB
Date: 13 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
recent comment in IBM/BMI/MIB ... reminds me of IBM SBS satellite story. SBS got the data aggregator/aggravator (T3 DES encryptor) ... for satellite C-band T3 used for IBM tielines and other circuits. Then the Men In Black visit and tell them that they can't encrypt. SBS says we are going to encrypt anyway. Then the Men In Black say that SBS can encrypt, and you don't have to tell us the encryption key, but the encryption key has to be chosen from this list.

... note IBM did SBS (with two other partners) originally planning for computer communication ... but found out that the communication group SNA products didn't work over satellite ... so SBS was forced into looking for other uses like voice.

I had HSDT project doing T1 and faster computer links ... but corporate mandated that company links had to be encrypted. I hated what I had to pay for T1 link crypto and faster were very difficult to find. I eventually became involved in link encryptors that would do at least 3mbytes/sec and cost less than $100 to make. Initially the corporate crypto group claimed it significantly weakened standard crypto. It took me three months to figure out how to explain that rather than significantly weaker, it was actually significantly stronger than the crypto standard. It was hollow victory. I was then told I could make as many as I wanted, but they all had to be sent to address in Maryland, that there was only one organization in the world that could use such crypto. It was when I realized that there are three kinds of crypto: 1) the kind they don't care about 2) the kind you can't do 3) the kind you can only do for them.

Mid-80s, HSDT was having custom hardware built on the other side of the pacific. One friday, before going over for a visit, Raliegh distributed an announcement for new online "high-speed" forum, with the definitions:
low-speed: <9.6kbits medium-speed: 19.2kbits high-speed: 56kbits very high-speed: T1
... aka Raleigh's fastest just overlapped with HSDT slowest. However Monday morning in a conference room wall on the other side of the pacific was:
low-speed: <20mbits medium-speed: 100mbits high-speed: 200-300mbits very high-speed: >600mbits

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

past posts mentioning Raeligh's high-speed forum announcement:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#33b High Speed Data Transport (HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#69 oddly portable machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#45 IBM's Workplace OS (Was: .. Pink)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#57 SMP idea for the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#76 Pipelining in the past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#59 SR 15,15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#33 Cray to commercialize Red Storm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#12 network history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#58 Q ALLOC PAGE vs. CP Q ALLOC vs ESAMAP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#59 Q ALLOC PAGE vs. CP Q ALLOC vs ESAMAP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#25 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#9 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#57 IPCS Standard Print Service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#36 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#17 blast from the past on reliable communication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#4 Google Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#42 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#50 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#21 SNA/VTAM for NSFNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#64 Damn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#45 Are there tasks that don't play by WLM's rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#71 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#45 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#31 VTAM R.I.P. -- SNATAM anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#99 We're losing the battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#12 Discussions areas, private message silos, and how far we've come since 199x
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#13 "Telecommunications" from '85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#14 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#72 Mainframe articles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#7 VTAM security issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#24 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#44 SNA: conflicting opinions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#59 MasPar compiler and simulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#11 Crazed idea: SDSF for z/Linux
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#69 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#6 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#57 So why doesn't the mainstream IT press seem to get the IBM mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#6 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#40 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#88 Would mainframe technology be relevant in the age of cloud computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#74 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#54 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck? (Part One)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#98 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#41 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#80 A joke seen in an online discussion about moving a box of tape backups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#87 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#89 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#29 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#21 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#45 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#66 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#16 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#66 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#40 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#47 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#82 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#37 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#46 1970--a family gets a home computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#69 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#9 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#84 HSDT, LSM, and EVE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#79 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#96 Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 13 Mar 2021 17:18:16 -1000
EricP <ThatWouldBeTelling@thevillage.com> writes:
Wasn't the 360/370 IO processor the same cpu hardware just re-microcoded? I.e. they sold two of the same cpu's (and doubled their profit).

370 up through 158 had "integrated" channel microcode. 168 had separate external channel hardware boxes.

during Future System effort in the early 70s (completely different than 370 and going to completely replace 370), internal politics was shutting down 370 activities (lack of new 370 during the period was credited with giving 370 clone makers market foothold). some more ref
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

when FS imploded, there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines and quick & dirty 303x & 3081 efforts were kicked off in parallel.

they took a 158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode (and not 370 microcode) for the chanel direct (external channel box with six channels).

a 3031 was 158 engine with just the 370 microcode and a second 158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode

a 3032 was 168 reworked to use the channel director for external channel box (158 engine with integrated channel microcode).

a 3033 was 168 logic remapped to 20% faster chips ... some additional tweaking got it up to 1.5times a 168.

note the 168 external channel boxes processed channel programs faster ... we did some performance tests showing it faster than 158 & 303x channel boxes. one of the test was formating 3330 cyclinders with three 4k records at the same position on every track ... and did channel program that read 1st 4k record and then a seek to a differrent track and tried to read the 2nd 4k record. The 168 channel could readily process the channel program and read the 2nd track (before the disk rotated past the heads) when the 158 & the 303x channels couldn't (and to do a full rotation to pick up the 2nd record).

trivia: in 1980 the IBM Santa Teresa Lab was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg. with dataprocessing back to the STL datacenter. They had tried "remote 3270" and found the human factors totally unacceptable.

I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support so they can place channel attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg (with no difference in human factors in STL and offiste).

The hardware vendor tried to get IBM to release my support, but there was a group in POK playing with some serial stuff tht get it veto'ed (they were afraid if it was in the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff released).

Then in 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff that they are playing with, which quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980).

The POK group finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already obsolete.

Then some of the POK people get involved with FCS and define a heavy weight protocol that drastically cuts the native throughput that is eventually released as FICON.

The most recent published numbers I can find is z196 "peak I/O" benchmark that got 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS). About the same time there was FCS announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS having higher throughput than 104 FICON)

This max configured z196 with 80 (main) processors and (I believe) 13 SAPs (system assist processors, same as rest of processors but running special software offloading operating system I/O processing). Some amount of tuning documentation is keep SAP cpu below 70% or it affects I/O throughput (thing like processing I/O restart).

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

this also lists SAPs and other dedicated processors with custom software
https://community.ibm.com/community/user/ibmz-and-linuxone/blogs/destination-z1/2019/12/23/engines-that-make-the-mainframe-special
https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/zosbasics/com.ibm.zos.zmainframe/zconc_mfhwPUs.htm

even tho the different types may be other wise identical hardware(?) ... it mentions that IBM software charges are based on cpu cycles of the "main" processors ... but not those in the other catagories.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

I/O processors, What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: I/O processors, What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 13 Mar 2021 17:41:28 -1000
MitchAlsup <MitchAlsup@aol.com> writes:
The 360/67 at CMU had 22 disks and 4 or 5 tape drives. The disks arranged along a wall on level 3 of what became Wein* Hall and looked like a laundromat. (*) Was simply science hall when I was there.

the 360/67 at the IBM science center had five 2314 8+1 banks (controller, nine drives, but only 8 can be used at a time), and a a 5 drive 2314 bank ... 45 drives total. The CE had painted each 2314 bank a different color to make it easier for operators doing a mount request, to recognize the specified 2314 bank. has picture of 8+1 bank
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_2314.html

the machine room was on the 2nd flr of 545 tech sq, the science center was on the 4th flr, mit project mac & multics was on the 5th flr (bldgs have since been completely renovated and given new addresses).

the single processor 360/67 was pretty much 360/65 with virtual memory added. the multiprocesso 360/67 had "channel director" with lots of switch settings and multi-ported memory (could do I/O & CPU transfer concurrently which could be in conflict in the single processor machine).
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/A22-6898-1_360-50_funcChar_1967.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

I/O processors, What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: I/O processors, What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 14 Mar 2021 12:42:33 -1000
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
I read somewhere that MTS on a two-processor 360/67 got more than twice the performance of a single processor because the channel director could send each interrupt to either CPU, not necessarily the one that started the I/O operation. This meant that interrupts were handled faster which sped the whole system up.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#71 What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#72 I/O processors, What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?

TSS/360 claimed that they could get almost four times the throughput on two processor than they could get on one processor. The issue was max memory on single processor was 1mbyte and TSS/360 fixed kernel storage took up most of it. Two processor doubled the memory to two megabytes ... so TSS/360 had enough application memory to run (w/o constant page thrashing, there was only one copy of TSS/360 kernel, TSS/360 would have gotten significant better throughput on single processor if they came with 2mbyte memories).

360/67 multiprocessor, both processors had access to all channels, in addition to having multiported memory ... potentionally concurrent memory transfers for both processors and I/O (as opposed to single 360/67 single processor, single ported memory).

Later with 158&168 cache memory (some of us) played games ... with batching pending I/O operations ... tried to handle all pending operations while i/o supervisor storage lines were in cache ... instead of cache constant trashing back and forth between application storage and interrupt handlers.

standard MVS quoted two-processor 1.2-1.5 times the throughput of single processor, combination of excessive multiprocessor software overhead, 370 hardware slowdown (370 multiprocessor slowed processor speed down by 10% to provide headroom for some of the cross-cache chatter, so 2-processor hardware theoretically started off only 1.8 times a single processor).

I could get more than two times throughput, did very, very short kernel multiprocessor pathlengths and effectively cache affinity ... where both processors tended to have higher cache hit ratios ... more than compensating for the 10% processor slowdown.

SMP, multiprocessor, and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Led by donkeys: Bank boardrooms lack computer literacy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Led by donkeys: Bank boardrooms lack computer literacy
Date: 15 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Led by donkeys: Bank boardrooms lack computer literacy
https://www.finextra.com/newsarticle/37663/led-by-donkeys-bank-boardrooms-lack-computer-literacy
While banks are ramping up their technology investments to keep pace with changing consumer demands and competition from challenger brands, their boards of directors lack the technology expertise to minimise the risks and maximise the benefits of their IT spending, according to a report by Accenture.
... snip ...

... trivia: after turn of the century, somebody at NYFED had added a qualitative section to the new Basel-II draft (to compliment the existing quantitative calculations for risk adjusted capital) and we were asked in to talk about how it might be implemented. Didn't come to anything since during the review process the new qualitative section was neutered by US banks. However, the discussions included could top executives demonstrate that they understood financial institution business process ... somewhat akin to ISO9000 for financial executives.

It might not have had anything to do with it ... but not too long before, I had been asked to review a periodic financial industry publication that gave comparison between the 20 largest regional banks and the 10 largest national banks, averaged financial numbers, 60/page, a couple hundred pages, just raw numbers, no analysis. It turns out the regional banks were more profitable than the national banks and it took nearly an hour of scanning to find the major contributing factors.

This was not long after repeal of Glass-Steagall, major contributing factor enabling too big to fail. My observation at the time was that the motivation for increasing institution size was top executive compensation proportional to institution size unrelated to how well they ran the institution

Too Big To Fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pecora&/class-steagall

topic drift, Jan1999 I was asked to try and help stop the coming economic mess (we failed) economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

past posts mentioning periodic financial industry publication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#22 Slouching toward Weimar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#67 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#1 The Dallas Fed Is Calling For The Immediate Breakup Of Large Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#2 IBM Relevancy in the IT World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#55 Piketty Shreds Marginal Productivity as Neoclassical Justification for Supersized Pay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#42 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#60 Excess Management Is Costing the U.S. $3 Trillion Per Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Led by donkeys: Bank boardrooms lack computer literacy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Led by donkeys: Bank boardrooms lack computer literacy
Date: 15 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#73 Led by donkeys: Bank boardrooms lack computer literacy

... quote from this morning in a different fora:
I think that gets to the larger insight that a holistic examination requires more than analytic approaches for the things that count that can't be counted. Same reason John Boyd hated the term analyst because it skipped the synthesis that had to come after where you blend quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis into insight
... snip ...

trivia: I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings. misc. online Boyd refs:
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy-Maneuverability_theory
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

Boyd posts & refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to stop T-Mobile and Metro from selling your info to advertisers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How to stop T-Mobile and Metro from selling your info to advertisers
Date: 15 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
How to stop T-Mobile and Metro from selling your info to advertisers. T-Mobile's new opt out data policy isn't exactly easy to find
https://www.androidpolice.com/2021/03/13/how-to-stop-t-mobile-and-metro-from-selling-your-info-to-advertisers/

This sharing of data may be defined as a sale under the California Consumer Privacy Act.

... snip ...

... late 90s we were brought in to help wordsmith some cal. state legislation. at the time they were working on: 1) electronic signature, 2) data breach notification, and 3) opt-in personal information sharing.

1) digital certificate companies were lobbying hard that electronic signature mandate digital certificates ... act didn't mandate it

2) data breach notification ... at the time little was being done about data breaches. issue is that normally entities take countermeasures in self-protection, however the data breaches weren't threat to the institutions but their customers and the public. it was hoped that publicity from the notifications might motivate improvements.

3) opt-in would require that insstitutions have record from each individual agreeing to the sharing of their personal information. Before it passes, Federal GLBA passes with an "opt-out" provisions (institutions can share/sell personal information unless they had record of the individual objecting) that pre-empted state legislation.

trivia: 2004 was at a national privacy conference in DC, at a panel session with the FTC commissioners, somebody in the audience got up and asked them if they were going to do anything about GLBA "opt-out", he said he worked for a major callcenter company that was used by many major financial institutions. He said that they weren't recording any information from 1-800 "opt-out" calls (i.e. there would never be a record of "opt-out" calls). The commissioners just ignored him.

data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

opt-in/opt-out posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#21 Financial Privacy To Take The Floor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#15 Difference between TCPA-Hardware and a smart card (was: example: secure computing kernel needed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#54 What to do about responsible disclosure?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#50 Liability for breaches: do we need new laws?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#31 Privacy again a hot-button issue for legistlators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#44 Does the Data Protection Act of 2005 Make Sense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#72 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#55 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#56 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#6 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#8 Hannaford case exposes holes in law, some say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#66 With all the highly publicised data breeches and losses, are we all wasting our time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#70 Why SSNs Are Not Appropriate for Authentication and when, where and why should you offer/use it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#71 TJ Maxx - why are they still in business?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#73 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#47 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#60 OCR scans of old documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#5 Internal fraud isn't new, but it's news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#17 U.K. lags in information security management practices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#82 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#94 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#95 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#73 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#74 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#75 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#82 Costs Of Data Breaches Much Higher In U.S. Than In Other Countries, Study Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#62 blasts from the past -- old predictions come true
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#63 Wal-Mart to support smartcard payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#77 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#83 The Evolution of the Extended Enterprise: Security Stategies for Forward Thinking Organizations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#7 Seeking *Specific* Implementation of Star Trek Game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#18 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#56 About that "Mighty Fortress"... What's it look like?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#52 Who are these people who think cybersecurity experts are crying wolf?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#53 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#76 e-commerce smackdown as PCI standards revised
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#23 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#29 The Mobile Device Is Becoming Humankind's Primary Tool
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#41 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#55 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#9 Breaches and Consumer Backlash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#55 CISO's Guide to Breach Notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#45 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#68 Why the US needs a data privacy law -- and why it might finally get one
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#2 House panel approves data breach notification bill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#53 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#71 Don't Dump the Volcker Rule Just Because It's Not Perfect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#52 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#28 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#131 The Times E-Mails Millions by Mistake to Say Subscriptions Were Canceled
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#35 Israel vows to hit back after credit cards hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#30 US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#35 US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#47 Yahoo Password Breach: 7 Lessons Learned - Security - Attacks/breaches - Informationweek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#56 Failing Gracefully
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#14 Gilmore response to NSA mathematician's "make rules for NSA" appeal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#67 What Chase And Other Banks Won't Tell You About Selling Your Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#78 What Chase And Other Banks Won't Tell You About Selling Your Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#70 Obama Administration Launches Plan To Make An "Internet ID" A Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#94 Privacy vs. freedom of the press--Google court ruling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#15 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#19 350 DBAs stare blankly when reminded super-users can pinch data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#21 Thomas Piketty Is Right About the Past and Wrong About the Future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#76 Did these tech and telecom companies assess the risk and return with respect to Anti-Money Laundering challenges?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#171 European data law: UK.gov TRASHES 'unambiguous consent' plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#55 HealthCare.gov in Cahoots with Dozens of Tracking Websites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#45 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#95 book "1984"--modern privacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#70 Security Design: Stop Trying to Fix the User
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#75 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#94 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#1 FCC puts the brakes on ISP privacy rules it just passed in October
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#18 FCC halts data security rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#20 The FCC Seems Unlikely to Stop Internet Providers from Selling Your Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#7 Congress just obliterated Obama-era rules preventing ISPs from selling your browsing history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#75 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#76 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#88 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#10 Pentagon Would Ban Contractors That Don't Protect Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#32 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#0 Data Breach Notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#61 Accelerate Your OODA-Loop with Threat Intelligence and Orchestration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#85 The Next Battle Between States And The Feds Is Over Your Personal Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#112 How China Pushes the Limits on Military Technology Transfer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#113 San Diego Sues Experian Over ID Theft Service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#10 Graph database on z/OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#28 Software Delivery on Tape to be Discontinued
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#96 All 50 states now have data breach notification laws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#45 This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#47 This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#56 Mexico Foiled a $110 Million Bank Heist, Then Kept It a Secret
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#94 Private sector needs a little sumthin' sumthin' to get it sharing threat intel - US security chap
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#88 Beware of Tech Companies Bearing Privacy Laws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#23 Financial Sector Data Breaches Soar Despite Heavy Security Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#36 Banking via home computers/internet is a disaster for the computer world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#104 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#115 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#10 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#40 Capital One's breach was inevitable, because we did nothing after Equifax
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#41 Capital One Data Breach-100 Million Customers affected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#42 Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#101 vendor distributes their private key
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#4 Microsoft president asks Congress to force private-sector orgs to publicly admit when they've been hacked

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Meet the "New Koch Brothers"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Meet the "New Koch Brothers"
Date: 16 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Meet the "New Koch Brothers" - the Hedge Fund Activists Wrecking America's Green New Deal
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/03/meet-the-new-koch-brothers-the-hedge-fund-activists-wrecking-americas-green-new-deal.html
Here's what you might not know: Players on Wall Street have been torpedoing our chances of averting environmental catastrophe for years. A group of billionaire financiers has made sure the companies the government must partner with to fight climate change are focused on one thing only - making these men (they all seem to be men) even richer. Instead of leading the world in climate change technology, firms like Apple, GE, and Intel have been pressured to become the personal piggy banks of powerful moneymen--known as hedge fund activists--who can't see beyond the next quarterly report.
... snip ...

posts mentioning "hedge funds" and/or "Koch Brothers":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#35 Security Concerns in the Financial Services Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#56 hammer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#58 hammer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#54 The demise of compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#27 Why are Mainframe Computers really still in use at all?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#53 Windows Monitor or CUSP? [was ReJohn W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#0 The Unexpected Fact about the First Computer Programmer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#51 independent appraisers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#53 independent appraisers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#36 Lehman sees banks, others writing down $400 bln
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#44 Fixing finance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#51 IBM CEO's remuneration last year ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#59 Credit crisis could cost nearly $1 trillion, IMF predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#64 independent appraisers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#41 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#20 How is Subprime crisis impacting other Industries?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#21 NYCE Revives "Safe Debit" Name for PINless Debit Test Set for '09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#7 If you had a massively parallel computing architecture, what unsolved problem would you set out to solve?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#33 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#70 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#1 Are Both The U.S. & UK on the brink of debt disaster?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#8 Do emperors from the banks have new clothes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#42 Bernard Madoff Is Jailed After Pleading Guilty -- are there more "Madoff's" out there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#47 Bernard Madoff Is Jailed After Pleading Guilty -- are there more "Madoff's" out there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#38 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#73 IBM Hardware Boss Charged With Insider Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#22 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#74 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#57 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#20 Study shows powerful corporations really do control the world's finances
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#48 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#64 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#72 Public misperception about scientific agreement on global warming undermines climate policy support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#28 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#35 Entropy and #SocialMedia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#15 Why do people say "the soda loop is often depicted as a simple loop"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#31 Rome speaks to us. Their example can inspire us to avoid their fate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#6 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#14 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#41 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#4 Live-Blogging Senate Hearing Tomorrow, When J.P. Morgan Chase Will Be Torn a New One
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#52 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#94 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#9 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#30 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#35 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#57 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#3 Lending is still lagging according to Reuters. Why do you think that is?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#35 Criminal Action Is Expected for JPMorgan in Madoff Case
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#53 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#57 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#95 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#101 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#17 How Much Does It Cost To Keep JPMorgan FX-Riggers Out Of Jail?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#24 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#49 OT: swiss franc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#4 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#58 Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#72 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#61 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#66 Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#7 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#93 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#118 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#23 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#6 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#20 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#17 Destructive Stock Buybacks-That You Pay For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#52 How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#53 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#84 The Warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#69 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#91 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#93 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#11 Hell is ... ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#77 Nassim Nicholas Taleb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#64 Mystery of the Underpaid American Worker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#80 Art Laffer's Chinese Curve Ball
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#43 The Great Depression II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#48 How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#47 Day of Reckoning for KPMG-Failures in Ethics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#11 CalPERS Sleaze Watch: Showcases Criminal Ex-General "Betray-Us" as Keynote Speaker at Offsite
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#33 The Great Hack tells us data corrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#103 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#3 Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#5 Book: Kochland : the secret history of Koch Industries and corporate power in America

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Air Force opens first Montessori Officer Training School

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Air Force opens first Montessori Officer Training School
Date: 16 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
... parody

Air Force opens first Montessori Officer Training School. "Traditional commissioning programs are, by definition, extremely rigid," said Lt. Col. Dan "Moon" Beam.
https://www.duffelblog.com/p/air-force-opens-first-montessori The Air
Force announced the opening of the first Military Officer Montessori School this week as part of an effort to invigorate the service's various commissioning programs. Although MOMS will run alongside the traditional commissioning program located at Maxwell Air Force Base, the differences are readily apparent.
... snip ...

... not parody

Businesses urgently need innovative people, so we must dispel the myth that creativity is something mysterious that cannot be encouraged
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business

The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://qz.com/1314814/universal-education-was-first-promoted-by-industrialists-who-wanted-docile-factory-workers/
Industrial Age education, from late 1800s, early 1900s (time & motion studies, etc), teaching memorization, not thinking, strict conformity, stamping out factory workers for the capitalists and robber barons
https://www.azquotes.com/quote/1212588
How to Break Free of Our 19th-Century Factory-Model Education System. A technology and education entrepreneur gazes into the future of the classroom
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/05/how-to-break-free-of-our-19th-century-factory-model-education-system/256881/
Why Our Industrial-Age Schools Are Failing Our Information-Age Kids
https://www.qualitydigest.com/inside/quality-insider-column/why-our-industrial-age-schools-are-failing-our-information-age-kids

The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation. There are two types of games. One kills creativity and the other is for kids...
https://www.inc.com/stephen-shapiro/why-your-business-needs-more-kid-games-fewer-adult-games.html
Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business
US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html

Even bullying has been standard technique in US education as part of enforcing conformity ... as mentioned before, former coworker at IBM cambridge science center and san jose research;
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
"It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

permeates nearly all levels of US education system ... even extending to military academies ... reference to study of German and US military academies the first half of 1900s ... including reference to George Mashall (WW2 chief of staff) was so badly injured in a bullying/hazing incident that he almost had to drop out
https://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/

again lots tracing to "industrial age education" ... Industrial Age Education Is a Disservice to Students
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/industrial-age-education-_b_2974297

AETC Focused on Breaking Away From Industrial-Age Thinking
https://www.airforcemag.com/AETC-Focused-on-Breaking-Away-From-Industrial-Age-Thinking/
Lessons in learning
https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2019/09/study-shows-that-students-learn-more-when-taking-part-in-classrooms-that-employ-active-learning-strategies/

recent posts mentioning Edson:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#67 Range
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#90 DNS & other trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#35 The People Who Invented the Internet: #Reviewing The Imagineers of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#3 The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#141 IBM and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#11 IBM PCjr
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#54 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#86 Dail-up banking and the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#87 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#103 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Racism's Loud Echoes in America

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Racism's Loud Echoes in America.
Date: 17 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Racism's Loud Echoes in America. What is your best guess at when the following passage was written?
https://bracingviews.com/2021/03/15/racisms-loud-echoes-in-america/
Under a leadership of charlatans and bullies this great Republic clumped about among the nations like a lout, feared by most, respected by none. Nor were things much better at home where a thinly disguised racism was in the saddle, the people's worst instincts were appealed to, and the noble sentiments of patriotism were reduced to the cliche of the bigot's bumper sticker.

A sensible guess would be roughly 2018, focusing on the Trump administration. But it was published in 1973 by Richard Dougherty in "Goodbye, Mr. Christian: A Personal Account of McGovern's Rise and Fall." Dougherty, of course, was writing about the Nixon administration and its infamous Southern strategy.

... snip ...

The Republicans' demographic trap. Republicans are sitting on a demographic time bomb of their own making, and it could send them into a tailspin.
https://www.bostonglobe.com/2020/07/27/opinion/republicans-demographic-trap/
Republicans are sitting on a demographic time bomb of their own making, and it could send them into a tailspin. Although the politics of division that Republicans have pursued since Richard Nixon launched his "Southern strategy" in the late 1960s -- a blueprint to shore up the vote of white Southerners by appealing to racial bias -- has brought new groups into their ranks, including conservative Southerners, evangelical Christians, and working-class whites, it has antagonized other groups.
... snip ..

Retiring GOP operative Mac Stipanovich says Trump 'sensed the rot' in Republican party and took control of it
https://www.orlandosentinel.com/politics/os-ne-mac-stipanovich-republican-20191224-tz7bjps56jazbcwb3ficlnacqa-story.html
As for the party, Trump hasn't transformed the party, in my judgment, as much as he has unmasked it. There was always a minority in the Republican party -- 25, 30 percent -- that, how shall we say this, that hailed extreme views, aberrant views. They've always been there, from the John Birchers in the '50s, who thought Dwight Eisenhower was a communist, to the Trump folks today who think John McCain's a traitor. They had different names -- the religious right, tea partiers -- but they've always been there. They were a fairly consistent, fairly manageable minority who we, the establishment, enabled and exploited.
... snip ...

George Will Confirms Nixon's Vietnam Treason
http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/08/12/george-will-confirms-nixons-vietnam-treason
Declassified LBJ Tapes Accuse Richard Nixon of Treason
http://news.slashdot.org/story/13/03/21/0331256/declassified-lbj-tapes-accuse-richard-nixon-of-treason
The Lyndon Johnson tapes: Richard Nixon's 'treason'
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-21768668
Did Nixon Commit Treason in 1968? What The New LBJ Tapes Reveal.
http://historynewsnetwork.org/article/60446
Richard Nixon at 100: not just criminal, but treasonous too
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jan/10/richard-nixon-100-criminal-traitor
Richard Nixon's long shadow
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/george-f-will-nixons-long-shadow/2014/08/06/fad8c00c-1ccb-11e4-ae54-0cfe1f974f8a_story.html
Nixon's Treason Now Acknowledged
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2014/08/nixons-treason-now-acknowledged.html
Fleshing Out Nixon's Vietnam 'Treason'
https://consortiumnews.com/2014/09/08/fleshing-out-nixons-vietnam-treason/
Nixon betrayal far worse than GOP Iran letter: Column
http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2015/03/10/senators-letter-doesnt-rise-to-nixons-level/24695093/

recent racism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#61 How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#50 More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#69 The Bushes: Fathers and Sons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#98 Christian nationalists are trying to seize power -- but progressives have a plan to fight back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#150 How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#30 Trump and Republican Party Racism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#34 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#44 American Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#23 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#30 The Supreme Court Finally Lets the Light Shine on Trump

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Victims of Agent Orange the U.S. Has Never Acknowledged

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Victims of Agent Orange the U.S. Has Never Acknowledged.
Date: 17 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Victims of Agent Orange the U.S. Has Never Acknowledged. America has never taken responsibility for spraying the herbicide over Laos during the Vietnam War. But generations of ethnic minorities have endured the consequences.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/16/magazine/laos-agent-orange-vietnam-war.html

McNamara was LeMay's staff planning fire bombing German & Japanese cities (strategic bombing hard to hit targets from 6miles up, however fire bombing whole city couldn't miss). After hostilities, McNamara leaves for auto industry, but comes back as SECDEF for Vietnam, where Laos becomes most bombed country in the world (more tonnage than Germany & Japan combined). McNamara later wrote that LeMay told him if the US had lost WW2, they would be the ones on trial for war crimes.

Secret War in Laos
http://legaciesofwar.org/about-laos/secret-war-laos/
Watch the US Drop 2.5 Million Tons of Bombs on Laos
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2014/03/laos-vietnam-war-us-bombing-uxo

past posts mentioning Laos:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#28 Kill Chain: The Rise of High Tech Assassins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#38 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#89 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#87 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#60 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#30 AM radio Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#82 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#90 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#113 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#64 Strategic Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#21 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#22 Nixon and the war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#32 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#14 Perry Mason TV show--bugs with micro-electronics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#22 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#60 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#47 America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#89 The US destroyed Tokyo 73 years ago in the deadliest air raid in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#66 off topic 1952 B-52 ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#101 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#80 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#98 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#103 OT, "new" Heinlein book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Russia, not China, tried to influence 2020 election, says US intel community

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Russia, not China, tried to influence 2020 election, says US intel community
Date: 17 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
Russia, not China, tried to influence 2020 election, says US intel community
https://www.smh.com.au/world/north-america/russia-not-china-tried-to-influence-2020-election-says-us-intel-community-20210317-p57bd1.html

How a new government report strongly implicates Giuliani in a Russian interference effort
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2021/03/17/how-new-government-report-strongly-implicates-giuliani-russian-interference-effort/
New US intel report shows Russia, Trump and GOP acolytes have same goals
https://www.cnn.com/2021/03/17/politics/trump-russia-elections/index.html
Russia, Iran Acted to Influence 2020 Presidential Election, Report Says
https://www.wsj.com/articles/putin-authorized-influence-operations-to-hurt-bidens-2020-candidacy-report-says-11615918958
U.S. intel report finds Russia and Iran tried to influence the 2020 election
https://www.msnbc.com/katy-tur/watch/u-s-intel-report-finds-russia-and-iran-tried-to-influence-the-2020-election-108095557584
UPDATE 1-U.S. intelligence report concludes Russia and Iran tried to influence election
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/1-u-intelligence-report-concludes-181825546.html
Intel Agencies Call Out Superlawyer Rudy Giuliani For Laundering Russian Propaganda
https://abovethelaw.com/2021/03/intel-agencies-call-out-superlawyer-rudy-giuliani-for-laundering-russian-propaganda/

older post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#32 12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure
Date: 19 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/03/the-f-35-and-other-legacies-of-failure/

F22 hangar empress (2009)
http://nypost.com/2009/07/17/cant-fly-wont-die/
Pilots call high-maintenance aircraft "hangar queens." Well, the F-22's a hangar empress. After three expensive decades in development, the plane meets fewer than one-third of its specified requirements. Anyway, an enemy wouldn't have to down a single F-22 to defeat it. Just strike the hi-tech maintenance sites, and it's game over. (In WWII, we didn't shoot down every Japanese Zero; we just sank their carriers.) The F-22 isn't going to operate off a dirt strip with a repair tent.

But this is all about lobbying, not about lobbing bombs. Cynically, Lockheed Martin distributed the F-22 workload to nearly every state, employing under-qualified sub-contractors to create local financial stakes in the program. Great politics -- but the result has been a quality collapse.

... snip ...

... part of F22 folklore was it couldn't be taken out in the weather because its stealth coating was very vulnerable to moisture. There has been some speculation about upgrading the F22 to the later developed stealth coating that is being used in for the F35 (however, the F22 was designed as air superiority fighter ... while the F35 was suppose to be a bomb truck ... and apparently the later stealth coating would be very vulnerable to friction because of F22 higher speeds).

F35 originally targeted as bomb truck with (air superiority) F22 flying cover ... original prototype had cost reduced (compromised) stealth ... stealth was further (cost) reduced in transition from prototype to production models ... when F22 actually canceled, F22 building program was replaced with pieces of building F35 distributed to nearly every congressional district and many countries.

... however, the success of failure culture, not just military-industrial-complex and the F-35
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

... especially after turn of century with big upswing to gov. outsourcing to gov. contractors and beltway bandits, including 70% of the intelligence budget and half the employees.
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

... large private-equity companies buying up gov. contractors and beltway bandits (including company that will employ Snowden) and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource lots of the gov to their companies.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

... there are laws against companies using money from gov. contracts to lobbying congress ... but any such money appears to be laundered when it is pushed up to private-equity owners.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex (MIC) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

misc. F-35 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#17 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#117 F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#2 FY18 budget deal yields life-sustaining new wings for the A-10 Warthog
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#19 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#68 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#74 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#76 Why the F-35 Isn't Good Enough for Japan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#109 JSF/F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#20 Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#52 Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#31 Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#118 Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#102 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#11 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
Date: 19 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
I had HSDT project starting in the early 80s, T1(1.5mbit/sec) and faster computer links, was also working with the director of NSF and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen, and eventually an RFP is released (based in part on what we already had running) but internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help, writing the company a letter (with support from other 3-letter agencies) copying the CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse.

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

We were taking lots of (political) arrows in the back from the communication group ... Raleigh products top out at 56kbits/sec. In the mid-80s, the communication group does a presentation to the executive committee claiming that customers wouldn't really be interested in T1 until well into the 90s. Part of the presentation shows 37x5 fat-pipes, multiple parallel links operated as single logical link ... show number of customers with 3, 4, 5, etc parallel link fat-pipes ... dropping to zero by six parallel links. What they didn't know and/or just failed to include in the presentation that most telco T1 tariffs was about the same as the aggregate of five or six 56kbit tariffs, customers would just switch to full T1 and move to non-IBM boxes. We had done a trivial survey at the time and found 200 IBM customers with full T1.

The communication group was also spreading a lot of mis-information internal that SNA could be used for NSF RFP. Somebody collected a lot of the communication group email and forwarded to use. In the past, I've posted a severely redacted (to protect the guilty) and clipped copy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

Another problem was that the internal network was non-SNA and the communication group was claiming that the internal network would stop working if it wasn't converted (to SNA/VTAM). Former co-worker at IBM Cambridge Science Center and IBM San Jose Research was responsible for the internal network. Ed Hendricks (recently passed last Aug, 2020)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

"It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
SJMerc article about Edson and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm

I had done some tweaks to its underlying use of store&forward and was working with CJN (corporate network) to upgrade their backbone nodes to handle multiple T1s. However, communication group got the CJN meetings restricted to managers only (not wanting technical people to take issue with their SNA/VTAM misinformation). Some old email:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Eventually, Raleigh did come out with the 3737 that could (almost) handle the latency*bandwidth product for (short) T1 terrestrial link. Part of the problem was that VTAM has a window pacing algorithm and would stop sending when the transmission outstanding max had been reached (until it started receiving the acknowledgements back from the receiving node). The 3737 would handle a single T1 link, having a boatload of memory and M68K processors simulating a CTCA link with a simulated VTAM that would immediately respond that the RU had been received at the remote end ... spoofing the host VTAMs (and handle the actual T1 transmission with its own algorithms). US T1 was aggregate 3mbits/sec full-duplex and EU T1 was aggregate 4mbit/sec full-duplex ... but 3737 maxed out at 2mbits/sec with 500mile terrestrial (going further, increases the round-trip latency and increasingly overruns the memory in the 3737 used faking out the host VTAMs).

HSDT used adaptive rate-based pacing algorithm that dynamically adapts to latency and bandwidth (as well as receiver's capacity &/or congestion). I was also on the XTP technical advisory board (that communication group tried hard to block) where I wrote up the specification for adaptive rate-based pacing (as opposed to "window") for XTP (high-speed networking standard) ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
and early specification draft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/xtprate.html

later we ran into Ellen's assistant and staff when we were doing our HA/CMP product and they were looking at doing open system "CICS" with CMU spinoff, Camelot/TRANSARC. I had been asked to write a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document .... but the section got pulled when both Rochester (AS/400) and POK (mainframe) complained that they couldn't meet the requirements (exceeding both AS/400 and mainframe availability).

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
Date: 20 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

... also periodically repost ... second half 80s, a senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opened the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter wall and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. The disk division was seeing drop in disk sales with customer moving to platforms more distributed computing friendly. The disk division came up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group with their strategic stranglehold on datacenters. The communication group datacenter stranglehold not only affected disk sales but much of the rest of computing business ... and a couple years later, IBM goes into the red (and was being reorged into the 13 baby blues in preparation for breaking up the company).

communication group and dumb terminal paradigm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

... joke that SNA wasn't a "system", wasn't a "network" and wasn't a "architecture" (was a communication system). Did some work with Series/1 people who complained that couldn't build to SNA documents, had to reverse enginneer from monitored traffic.

... SNA didn't have a network layer or an internetworking layer ... OSI didn't have internetworking layer

OSI (& high speed protocol, xtp)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
Date: 20 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#84 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

There were two people at Los Gatos VLSI lab responsible for the original mainframe PASCAL ... which they used for implementing a lot of VLSI software tools. Then one of them left to do a 3274 clone. The idea was MVS/TSO/ISPF/etc human factors were so bad (especially compared to vm370/cms) that they could put a lot of function into the 3274 clone to try and compensate for the horrible MVS human factors. The company went belly up when IBM/PC came out ... and a lot of the horrible MVS human factors would be compensated for out in the IBM/PC (rather than the controller). He then went on to be VP of software at MIPS ... and then when SGI bought MIPS ... he went to SUN. He was then general manager of the business unit that included JAVA. also see my periodic repost upthread about senior disk engineer giving talk at annual, internal, world-wide communication group conference ... supposedly on 3174 performance ... but actually was about the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division (he even suggested that Ellen complain to her boss about his talk because he wanted to have a detailed discussion about the issues).

communication group dumb terminal paradigm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

The communication group fought hard to block the announce/ship of mainframe TCP/IP (implemented in PASCAL) .... but lost that fight ...then switched tactics and said that the communication group had corporate ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls ... and the product had to be released through them. What shipped got 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the enhancements for TCP/IP RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, got 4341 sustained channel throughput. using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

rfc1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

Later Raleigh contracted with somebody in silicon valley to implement tcp/ip support inside VTAM. His initial demo had tcp/ip running significantly faster than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "knows" that a "proper" tcp/ip implementation runs slower than LU6.2 ... and they would only be paying for a "proper" implementation.

My wife was coauthor of response to gov. agency (super) secure campus RFP ... where she included 3-tier network architecture. We then put together IBM customer presentation that included TCP/IP, ethernet, 3-tier (not just client/server) and out making customer executive presentations. We were target of huge amount of misinformation from SNA/VTAM, token-ring and SAA forces. Somebody that I had worked with years before had been put in charge of SAA and had a top-floor, corner office in Somers. We would drop in every few weeks and complain about how poorly behaved his people were.

3-tier posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

They (Endicott) weren't very agile. 4300 come out in 1979 and had big explosion in sales .... both in datacenter, datacenter cluster and in distributed computing (large corporations ordering hundreds at a time for putting out in departmental areas). 4300s sold into the same DEC/VAX mid-range market and in similar numbers (for small unit orders, big difference was big corporations ordering hundreds at a time). Old post with decade of dec/vax sales, sliced&diced by year, model and US/non-US (ignore the microvax for this comparison), it can be seen by the mid-80s, the mid-range market was moving to workstations and large PCs.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
Date: 20 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#84 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#85 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

tcp/ip and internet ... I started HSDT project in the early 80s, T1 (1.5mbits/sec) and faster computer links, was also working with the NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally a RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other gov. agencies) copying the CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary release:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

UI at urbana-champaign gets some of the money for the national center for supercomputer applications (NCSA) and do mosaic browser.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosaic_(web_browser)

GML was invented at the IBM cambridge science center in 1969 (letters chosen from 1st letters of inventors last name), a decade later it morphs into ISO standard SGML and after another decade, it morphs into HTML at CERN. First webserver in the US is on SLAC's vm370 system:
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML/SGML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

we are then doing HA/CMP product; originally started as HA/6000, initially for NYTimes newspaper system (ATEX) moving off VAX/cluster to RS/6000. I rename it HA/CMP when I start doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors. Old post with reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on cluster scaleup (16-way mid1992, 128-way ye1992).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks of that Ellison meeting, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors, we leave IBM a few months later.

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Later we are brought in as consultants to a small client/server startup, two of the former Oracle people (from the Jan1992 Ellison meeting) are at the startup responsible for something called commerce server and want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also invented something they call "SSL", the result is now sometimes called "electronic commerce". I have absolute authority over everything from the servers to the financial industry payment networks, but can only make recommendations about the client/server side (some of which are almost immediately violated resulting in lots of exploits). Some of the founders are from NCSA and had named the company&product "Mosaic". NCSA is then complaining about the startup's use of "Mosaic". A prominent silicon valley router vendor donates them (trade marked) "Netscape" (and they change their name) ... following has slightly different story about the trademark than what I was told at the time by employees.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netscape

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
Date: 20 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#84 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#85 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#86 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

One of the things that the communication group did was kneecap the PS2 microchannel cards (part of its battle trying to preserves its dumb terminal paradigm), Austin AWD had come out with 801/risc PC/RT (originally for displaywriter follow-on, when that was canceled, they pivot to using it for workstation). For the PC/RT (had PC/AT bus), AWD did their own 4mbit Token-Ring card. Follow on was RS/6000 with microchannel and corporate mandated AWD use only PS/2 microchannel cards (and cculd no longer do their own cards). It turns out that the PS/2 microchannel cards had been kneecapped by the communication group to conform to their paradigm of dumb terminal emulation (fighting off client/server and distributed computing) ... for network cards that was something like 300+ stations on LAN all sharing the same bandwith. It turns out that the PS/2 16mbit token-ring card had lower per-card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card (i.e. a RS/6000 "server" using a microchannel 16mbit token-ring card was slower than a PC/RT "server" with its 4mbit token-ring card).

801/risc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

As a "work-around" to the communication group kneecapping of PS/2 cards (and corporate mandates to only use PS/2 microchannel cards), AWD somewhat came out with RS6000/730 with a VMEbus ... and since IBM wasn't making VMEbus cards, AWD had to use industry standard high performance VMEbus cards. There was a joke that RS/6000 forced to use only PS/2 cards, for many things, RS/6000 wouldn't have any better performance than PS/2 (disks, displays, lan, etc).

Also, mid-80s, new Almaden Research bldg was heavily provisioned with CAT5, assuming token-ring ... however they found that 10mbit ethernet had higher aggregate LAN throughput, lower latency, and the cards had higher per card throughput (than IBM 16mbit token-ring and 16mbit token ring cards). I previously mention in comment upthread that we were out doing 3-tier networking customer executive presentations. Part of it was showing the Almaden comparison details (as well as 1988 ACM SIGCOMM paper analysis of 10mbit ethernet) ... along with the industry standard Ethernet (high performance) cards were $69 and (significantly faster than) IBM 16mbit token-ring cards were $899.

3-tier networking posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

I heard joke in 44south that when IBM wasn't able to get her appointed as ambassador, then they got her hdqtrs moved to London (hoping she would stop showing up at executive meetings).

In the long-winded comment upthread, I mention being on XTP technical advisory board (contrary to all the best efforts of the communication group) and doing rate-based pacing. Analysis at that time, VTAM for LU6.2 took 150k pathlength and 16 buffer copies, while workstation TCP/IP equivalent was 5k instructions and five buffer copies (standard NFS 8kbyte buffer size, VTAM 16 buffer copies with cache misses on high-end IBM mainframe would take more processor cycles than the 150k instructions). Part of XTP designed a outboard chip for network adapters that cut the 5k instruction significantly and supported no buffer copies (i/o directly from data in application/user memory) ... allowing even low-end workstation sustain 100mbit/sec FDDI (at the time, fastest (LAN) protocol available ... although looking towards 1gbit/sec FCS ... aka in 1988, I had been asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff that they were playing with ... that quickly became Fibre Channel Standard, including some stuff I had done in 1980).

XTP, high-speed protocol, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

a couple past posts mentioning vtam pathlength
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#1 What happened to resumable instructions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#54 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
Date: 20 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#84 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#85 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#86 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#86 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

... trivia vtam side-note; doing MVS performance analysis, there was "capture-ratio" ... the difference between all the acutal accounted for CPU use and the elapsed time minus wait state (actual total CPU use) ... i.e. "accounted for cpu use" divided by ("elapsed time" minus "wait state") ... which could be as low was 40%. It seemed to be the lower capture ratios were associated with higher VTAM use. Sometimes it came into play when management assumed "accounted for cpu use" actually was "total cpu use" ... when doing capacity planning and migration to different proceessors.

past (MVS) "capture-ratio" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#16 CPU time and system load
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#19 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#82 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#23 SMF Under VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#42 Inaccurate CPU% reported by RMF and TMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#72 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#66 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#33 SHAREWARE at Its Finest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#76 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#39 CPU time variance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#70 How many cost a cpu second?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#71 Help with elementary CPU speed question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#8 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#78 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#80 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#82 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#85 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#68 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#51 CPU Timerons/Seconds vs Wall-clock Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#73 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Silicon Valley
Date: 20 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
I haven't seen it, but I was in silicon valley for over 20yrs and was allowed to wander around most places (ibm, ibm customers, non-ibm, etc). Frequently I was only IBMer at (invitation only) Hacker's conference (I didn't make the 1st, but have managed to make most of the rest)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hackers_Conference

There was a joke that there were really only 200 hackers in silicon valley, but they moved around so much that it appeared like a lot more. In the 80s, people could even bring unannounced products for other attendees to play with ... and everybody played by understood rules. Starting in the later 90s, silicon valley become significantly more commercial and financial ... and unannounced (commercial) products pretty much disappeared.

also for a time my brother was regional apple marketing rep (largest physical region in conus). When he came into town, I would be invited to business dinners ... even getting to argue MAC design with developers (even before MAC was announced). trivia: He described how he figured out how to remotely dial into the (IBM) S/38 (that ran the Apple) to track manufacturing and delivery schedules.

trivia: CMS was precursor to personal computing; before msdos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was Seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before Seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing cp/m, kildall worked on cp/67-cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg (over the hill in monterey)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

In the early 90s, I used to post PC prices from SJMN sunday advertisements to IBM internal forums ... pointing out that they were significantly different that what Boca was projecting. Then a former IBMer at Dataquest (since bought by Gartner) got a contract from Boca to do a detailed study of the PC market future ... which included a several hour video taped roundtable of silicon valley experts. I was asked to be one of the Silicon Valley experts and cleared it with my IBM management and Dataquest promised to garble my details (so Boca wouldn't recognize me as IBM employee).

past posts mentioning Dataquest:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#55 Moore law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#34 Two subjects: 64-bit OS2/eCs, Innotek Products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#21 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#81 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#0 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#60 more on (the new 40+ yr old) virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#5 Houses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#6 Houses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#69 Intel's Future is integrated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#62 How long before Microsoft goes the way of DEC (and in part, IBM)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#10 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#78 SLIGHTLY OT - Home Computer of the Future (not IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#44 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#20 9th Feb 2014
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#24 IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#26 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#46 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#94 What would Klinger look like in business attire?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#23 IBM "Breakup"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#26 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#33 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#110 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#113 IBM PS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#0 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#89 Obsolete processors, 286 vs. 386
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#49 PC Personal Computing Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#68 OS/2

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Silicon Valley
Date: 21 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#89 Silicon Valley

during acorn (IBM/PC) hardware development, Boca kept claiming that it had no interest in doing software ... a group of approx. 20 IBMers in silicon valley (over the hill from & east of CP/M and NPG) formed to do acorn software ... and would check-in every few weeks with Boca to make sure it still had no interest in doing software. Then out of the blue one day, Boca said that only they had responsibility for doing software and if any of the silicon valley people wanted to work on acorn software development, they had to move to Boca (you can imagine how that went over) ... Boca had changed and wanted the "IBM" responsibility for software ... even if it met outsourcing to non-IBM entities.

Before PC (Acorn) was announced, there were some people from Stanford that approached the IBM Palo Alto Science Center about building and selling a workstation that they had developed. PASC scheduled a review meeting and invited the Boca Acorn group, a YKT workstation group, and a SJR workstation group to participate in the review. After the meeting all three of those groups claimed that they were building something that was significantly better that what was going on at Stanford ... and IBM declined the offer. The Stanford people then started the SUN computer company.

... remember that it was PASC that had done the IBM 5100 (1st PC).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5100

past posts mentioning Acorn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#79 Coulda, Woulda, Shoudda moments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#19 PC history, was PDP10 and RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#24 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#8 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#41 Device Authentication - The answer to attacks lauched using stolen passwords?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#29 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#5 Is computer history taugh now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#24 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#25 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#58 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#73 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#71 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#13 Ancient History (OS's) - was : IBM Destination z - What the Heck Is JCL and Why Does It Look So Funny?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#99 IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#41 The Forgotten Operating System That Keeps the NYC Subway System Alive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#53 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
Date: 21 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#84 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#85 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#86 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#87 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#88 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

communication group topic drift

Early 80s, one of the baby bells had implemented a distributed version of combination of VTAM&NCP on a series/1 with a whole lot more function ... resources were "owned" outboard in the distributed VTAM implementation and channel attached series/1 emulated 37x5 NCP to host VTAMs. In the mid-80s, I got con'ed into turning it out as a type-1 IBM product (quickly followed by port from Series/1 to RIOS ... i.e. the unannounced RS/6000). The communication group was notorious for IBM political dirty tricks ... and much of the time was spent working on countermeasures to the anticipated communication group effort (what they finally did to block the effort can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction. Old archived post with part of presentation that I did at a SNA Architecture review board meeting in Raleigh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
part of presentation that one of the baby bell did at IBM Common user group (Series/1 As A Front End Processor").
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

some of the communication group efforts started out by claiming my comparison analysis (in the presentation) was totally invalid (but never able to supply any details why it was invalid). The Series/1 analysis was the baby bell production installation. The 3725 numbers came from communication group's 3725 HONE configurator (I suggested if the 3725 configurator numbers were invalid then they should correct it).

... more drift

Note: as undergraduate in the 60s, I got to play with CP/67. When it was installed at the univ. it had some hacks to do automagic terminal type identification and switch the port scanner type between 1052 and 2741 terminals. The univ. had some number of TTY/ASCII terminals and I had to add TTY/ASCII terminal support to CP/67. I also extended the automagic terminal type identification to handle 1052, 2741 and TTY. I then wanted to have a single dial-in number for all terminal types ... i.e. "hunt group"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting

however, it didn't quite work, while IBM controller supported switching the terminal-type scanner type ... they had hardwired the line-speed for each port (while 2741&1052 were the same, TTY was different). Thus was major motivation for the univ. starting clone controller effort, building channel attach board for Interdata/3 programmed to simulate a IBM telecommunication controller ... but with the addition of being able to do automagic line-speed.

Later it is enhanced to an Interdata/4 for channel interface with a cluster of Interdata/3s for port interfaces. Four of us then get written up for (some part of) the IBM clone controller business after Interdata started selling copies of the box (remarketed as Perkin-Elmer after they buy Interdata). Turn of the century I run into much later generation of the box at datacenter handling most of the point-of-sale cardswipe dialup machines east of the Mississippi.

clone/plug compatible controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
Date: 21 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#84 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#85 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#86 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#87 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#88 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#91 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

3270 was half-duplex. couldn't be fixed in 3274/3278 (because much of the terminal electronics were moved back into the shared controller, reducing terminal build cost). Hack fixed it for 3272/3277 by building character FIFO box, unplugging the keyboard from the head, plugging in the FIFO box and plugging keyboard into FIFO box ... FIFO box held typed characters if they happened at the same time screen was being written. Letters to 3278 product administration complaining ... eventually got reply that 3278 was designed as data entry, not interactive computing. The change significantly drove up coax protocol chatter and latency. 3272/3277 had .08sec hardware response. 3274/3278 had .3sec to .5sec hardware response. Could be seen later with IBM/PC, 3277 emulator card had 3-4 times the upload/download throughput of 3278 emulator card

3278 came out about the time that a lot of studies were being published on productivity and quarter second response (system need to have a time-machine to send system response back in time to make quarter second with 3278 terminal (minimum .3sec response). Some number of internal installations were bragging about .2sec system response meeting the objective ... but with 3277 terminal hardware response at .08sec ... it pushes response seen by human to .28secs (over the .25sec objective).

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... at the time I had a number installations getting .11sec system response (for nearly identical hardware configuration and workload as those bragging about .2sec system response) ... which would make .25 ... i.e. .11sec system response plus .08 3277 hardware response resulting in .19 response seen by human. Of course MVS didn't play in the game ... very rare did an MVS system even achieve one sec system response.

posts mention 3277 character FIFO box
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#49 Edsger Dijkstra: the blackest week of his professional life
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#28 IBM S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#69 System/1 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#63 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#23 IBM's mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#33 3270 protocol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#43 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#2 IBM 327x terminals and controllers (was Re: Itanium2 power
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#43 IBM 3174
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#15 Mainframe Tape Drive Usage Metrics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#36 When nerds were nerds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#0 were dumb terminals actually so dumb???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#10 what's the difference between LF(Line Fee) and NL (New line) ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#59 ISPF Counter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#72 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#31 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#35 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#80 3270 Emulator Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#53 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#43 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#30 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#3 printer history Languages influenced by PL/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#17 Tech Time Warp of the Week: The 50-Pound Portable PC, 1977
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#5 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#25 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#26 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#72 ancient terminals, was The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#33 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#1 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#25 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#54 PROFS, email, 3270
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#4 3270 48th Birthday

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How 'Owning the Libs' Became the GOP's Core Belief

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How 'Owning the Libs' Became the GOP's Core Belief
Date: 22 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
How 'Owning the Libs' Became the GOP's Core Belief. The weird journey of a tongue-in-cheek catchphrase from conservative-mocking putdown to the defining tenet of the Republican Party's way of life.
https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2021/03/21/owning-the-libs-history-trump-politics-pop-culture-477203

On CNN, Fareed called out political strife and conflict got much worse with speaker Gingrich. In 1999, after we were asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). One of the things we were told was that there has always been conflict between the two parties, but they could put their differences aside and come together to do things for the country. Gingrich weaponized the political process, everything came to be about party advantage (the other party had to loose even if it damaged the country), and the level of party conflict and strife got signifciantly worse.

The Man Who Broke Politics; Newt Gingrich turned partisan battles into bloodsport, wrecked Congress, and paved the way for Trump's rise. Now he's reveling in his achievements.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/11/newt-gingrich-says-youre-welcome/570832/
How Newt Gingrich Crippled Congress. No single person bears more responsibility for how much Americans hate Congress than Newt Gingrich. Here's what he did to it.
https://www.thenation.com/article/how-newt-gingrich-crippled-congress/
'Combative, Tribal, Angry': Newt Gingrich Set The Stage For Trump, Journalist Says
https://www.npr.org/2018/11/01/662906525/combative-tribal-angry-newt-gingrich-set-the-stage-for-trump-journalist-says

The Republicans' demographic trap. Republicans are sitting on a demographic time bomb of their own making, and it could send them into a tailspin.
https://www.bostonglobe.com/2020/07/27/opinion/republicans-demographic-trap/
Republicans are sitting on a demographic time bomb of their own making, and it could send them into a tailspin. Although the politics of division that Republicans have pursued since Richard Nixon launched his "Southern strategy" in the late 1960s -- a blueprint to shore up the vote of white Southerners by appealing to racial bias -- has brought new groups into their ranks, including conservative Southerners, evangelical Christians, and working-class whites, it has antagonized other groups.
... snip ...

George Will Confirms Nixon's Vietnam Treason
http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/08/12/george-will-confirms-nixons-vietnam-treason
Declassified LBJ Tapes Accuse Richard Nixon of Treason
http://news.slashdot.org/story/13/03/21/0331256/declassified-lbj-tapes-accuse-richard-nixon-of-treason
The Lyndon Johnson tapes: Richard Nixon's 'treason'
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-21768668
Did Nixon Commit Treason in 1968? What The New LBJ Tapes Reveal.
http://historynewsnetwork.org/article/60446
Richard Nixon at 100: not just criminal, but treasonous too
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jan/10/richard-nixon-100-criminal-traitor
Richard Nixon's long shadow
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/george-f-will-nixons-long-shadow/2014/08/06/fad8c00c-1ccb-11e4-ae54-0cfe1f974f8a_story.html
Nixon's Treason Now Acknowledged
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2014/08/nixons-treason-now-acknowledged.html
Fleshing Out Nixon's Vietnam 'Treason'
https://consortiumnews.com/2014/09/08/fleshing-out-nixons-vietnam-treason/
Nixon betrayal far worse than GOP Iran letter: Column
http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2015/03/10/senators-letter-doesnt-rise-to-nixons-level/24695093/

fascism, racism, white supremacy posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Ike Led

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How Ike Led
Date: 24 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
How Ike Led
https://www.amazon.com/How-Ike-Led-Principles-Eisenhowers-ebook/dp/B0818Q5WNG/
loc1899-1902:
After the nominating convention, the Republican National Committee wrote to the campaign to admonish them about the money that had been used for postage, saying they had never had a candidate who spent so much on mail. When Ike was shown the second RNC letter of complaint, he quipped that Washburn ought to write the RNC and ask them: "How long has it been since you had a winner!?" Ike then turned to Washburn and said: "Keep up the good work."

loc1926-29:
New Hampshire governor Sherman Adams, who had played a key role in Eisenhower's campaign and later became his chief of staff, recalled: "The influential Republicans in Congress were, for the most part, conservatives who did nothing to help Eisenhower get the nomination nor did they accept the fact that he virtually saved their party from deepening oblivion … [even after his inauguration] they gave him only intermittent support and considerable opposition and personal aggravation."
... snip ...

Retiring GOP operative Mac Stipanovich says Trump 'sensed the rot' in Republican party and took control of it
https://www.orlandosentinel.com/politics/os-ne-mac-stipanovich-republican-20191224-tz7bjps56jazbcwb3ficlnacqa-story.html
As for the party, Trump hasn't transformed the party, in my judgment, as much as he has unmasked it. There was always a minority in the Republican party -- 25, 30 percent -- that, how shall we say this, that hailed extreme views, aberrant views. They've always been there, from the John Birchers in the '50s, who thought Dwight Eisenhower was a communist, to the Trump folks today who think John McCain's a traitor. They had different names -- the religious right, tea partiers -- but they've always been there. They were a fairly consistent, fairly manageable minority who we, the establishment, enabled and exploited.
... snip ...

... Ike's vice president ... later followed up with the "southern strategy" to "save" the republican party

The Republicans' demographic trap. Republicans are sitting on a demographic time bomb of their own making, and it could send them into a tailspin.
https://www.bostonglobe.com/2020/07/27/opinion/republicans-demographic-trap/
Republicans are sitting on a demographic time bomb of their own making, and it could send them into a tailspin. Although the politics of division that Republicans have pursued since Richard Nixon launched his "Southern strategy" in the late 1960s -- a blueprint to shore up the vote of white Southerners by appealing to racial bias -- has brought new groups into their ranks, including conservative Southerners, evangelical Christians, and working-class whites, it has antagonized other groups.
... snip ...

... along with a little bit of treason

George Will Confirms Nixon's Vietnam Treason
http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/08/12/george-will-confirms-nixons-vietnam-treason
Declassified LBJ Tapes Accuse Richard Nixon of Treason
http://news.slashdot.org/story/13/03/21/0331256/declassified-lbj-tapes-accuse-richard-nixon-of-treason
The Lyndon Johnson tapes: Richard Nixon's 'treason'
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-21768668
Did Nixon Commit Treason in 1968? What The New LBJ Tapes Reveal.
http://historynewsnetwork.org/article/60446
Richard Nixon at 100: not just criminal, but treasonous too
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jan/10/richard-nixon-100-criminal-traitor
Richard Nixon's long shadow
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/george-f-will-nixons-long-shadow/2014/08/06/fad8c00c-1ccb-11e4-ae54-0cfe1f974f8a_story.html
Nixon's Treason Now Acknowledged
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2014/08/nixons-treason-now-acknowledged.html
Fleshing Out Nixon's Vietnam 'Treason'
https://consortiumnews.com/2014/09/08/fleshing-out-nixons-vietnam-treason/
Nixon betrayal far worse than GOP Iran letter: Column
http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2015/03/10/senators-letter-doesnt-rise-to-nixons-level/24695093/

some past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#7 Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#111 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#103 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#28 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#87 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#49 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#37 George Will Changes His Mind--But Stays True to His Convictions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#111 The Violent American Century: War and Terror Since World War II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#90 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#30 Trump and Republican Party Racism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#79 Racism's Loud Echoes in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#80 The Victims of Agent Orange the U.S. Has Never Acknowledged
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#93 How 'Owning the Libs' Became the GOP's Core Belief

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What's Fortran?!?!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What's Fortran?!?!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 24 Mar 2021 17:12:48 -1000
Joe Pfeiffer <pfeiffer@cs.nmsu.edu> writes:
You say that as if having a simple language is incompatible with being suitable for large projects. The Linux kernel being written in C is just one counterexample to that.

The only major deficiency making Pascal unsuitable for large projects was no separate compilation -- the whole program had to be in a single file. That changed somewhere around 1980.


IBM Los Gatos VLSI lab was using lots of Metaware TWS for VLSI tools
http://www.edm2.com/index.php/MetaWare

then two of the LSG people used TWS to do mainframe Pascal for implementing VLSI design tools. It was also used for implementing IBM's TCP/IP product. I did some number of other internal tools with mainframe pascal ... as well as some PC tools with Turbo Pascal. One of the LSG people left and went to work for Metaware ... and when PASC was doing a port of BSD Unix to mainframe, I suggested the get Metaware to do a (mainframe) C-language implementation. Before it ships, the group was redirected to port to IBM PC/RT worktstation (rather than mainframe) and the PC/RT BSD port ships as "AOS" (still using the metaware C compiler).

IBM communication group was fighting hard to block release of mainframe TCP/IP ... and eventually lost. They then change and say since they have corporate strategic ownership of everything that crosses the datacenter walls, it had to be released through them. What ships manages 44kbyte aggregatte throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then do the support for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between IBM 4341 and Cray, get sustained 4341 channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (approx. 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

In early 90s, I'm doing HA/CMP (RS/6000) product with technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors. Then cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later.

IBM then went through period loosing money and was being radically changed to survive. It had been going through reoganization into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company ... article gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
... before a new CEO is brought in and reverses breakup. One of the results was IBM moving to industry standard VLSI tools and many of the internal tools being turned over to major VLSI tool vendors ... who required that they run on SUN machines (not just RS/6000 and mainframes, VS/PASCAL available on both). I get contract to port a 50,000 Pascal statement VLSI application to SUN. Had lots of problems (in retrospect it probably would have been easier to rewrite in C). I expressed opinion that SUN Pascal may have been used for education classes ... but possibly never for any major production applications (it didn't help that SUN had also outsourced their Pascal to organizatin 12 time zones away, it was easy to drop into SUN hdqtrs (but their Pascal was now on the opposite of the world).

I've periodically mentioned in the past that the (pascal) mainframe tcp/ip never had most of the exploits that have been periodically in "C" language implementations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Ike Led

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How Ike Led
Date: 25 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#93 How 'Owning the Libs' Became the GOP's Core Belief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#94 How Ike Led

White Supremists & US Fascists date back further

When Nazis Took Manhattan
https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2019/02/20/695941323/when-nazis-took-manhattan
American Nazis Rally in New York City. On February 20, 1939, the pro-Nazi German American Bund drew more than 20,000 people to a rally in Madison Square Garden.
https://newspapers.ushmm.org/events/american-nazis-rally-in-new-york-city

John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.
... snip ...

Later somewhat replay of the 1940 celebration, there was conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004
The truth, then, is that Long and Coughlin, together with the influential Communist Party and other leftist organizations, helped save the New Deal from becoming genuinely fascist, from devolving into the dictatorial rule of big business. The pressures towards fascism remained, as reactionary sectors of business began to have significant victories against the Second New Deal starting in the late 1930s. But the genuine power that organized labor had achieved by then kept the U.S. from sliding into all-out fascism (in the Marxist sense) in the following decades.
... snip ...

aka "Coming of America Fascism" shows countered the "New Deal" becoming fascist ... which had been the objective of the capitalists ... and possibly contributed to forcing them further into the Nazi/fascist camp.

Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
wrote War Is A Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
was invited to participate in military/fascists overthrow of the US Gov. ... and blew the whistle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot
In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country. No evidence was presented and this committee had none to show a connection between this effort and any fascist activity of any European country. There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient.
... snip ...

fascism, racism, white supremacy posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What's Fortran?!?!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What's Fortran?!?!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 25 Mar 2021 09:04:07 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
We were early users of VM TCP/IP, and performance sucked. Later I think IBM rewrote TCP/IP in something other than Pascal, and it was much improved.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#95 What's Fortran?!?!

note that VM TCP/IP was also ported to MVS by doing simulation of VM diagnose instruction ... which ran even slower (however my RFC1044 support went significantly faster, aka about 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed.).

The communication group contracts somebody in silicon valley to implement TCP/IP directly in VTAM. His initially demo showed his TCP/IP running much faster than (VTAM/SNA) LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "knows" that a "proper" TCP/IP runs much slower than LU6.2 and they would only being paying for a "proper" implementation.

at the time I did the RFC1044 support, I was also on the XTP technical advisory board (started by Chesson at SGI), the communication group had fought hard to block my participation.. There was some published analysis that VTAM for LU6.2 took 150k instruction pathlength and 16 buffer copies. At the same time typical workstation TCP/IP NFS was 5k instructions and five buffer copies ... and XTP was working on implementation to cut that pathlength and be able to do transfer directly out of application memory (w/o any copies) ... with a simple chip on FDDI card (100mbit/card) even low-end workstations could sustain full bandwidth.

I also wrote the specs for XTP rate-based pacing which we had been using in internal HSDT project (I started early 80s, T1/1.5mbit and faster computer links, both terrestrial and satellite). At the time communication group products only went to 56kbit/sec links. In the mid-80s, the communication group presented a study to the corporate executive committee that customers wouldn't be moving to T1 until sometime into the 90s. We did trivial study and found 200 customers with full T1. It turns out typical telco tariff for T1 was about the same as 5or6 56kbit links ... customers transitioned to full T1 but moved to non-IBM boxes.

Part of VTAM was the transmission record sizes and its windowing pacing implementation couldn't keep even short haul T1 link full ... it would have to stop transmission waiting for the ACKs from earlier transmissions to arrive back. Later 80s, the communication group eventually came out with 3737 that supported T1 by simulating CTCA adapter with a whole boatload of memory and Moto 64Ks ... it would immediate ACK to local VTAM and then do actual transmission in the background (between the 3737s at each end) ... even then it max'ed out at about 2/3rds of a full (US) T1 (or half of EU T1) ... for 500mile T1 (transmission latency for round trip of background ACKs).

rfc1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
xtp (/hsp) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

archived posts mentionin 3737:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#77 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#2 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#54 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck? (Part One)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#103 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#19 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#92 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#23 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#57 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#4 A joke seen in an online discussion about moving a box of tape backups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#87 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#89 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#24 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#47 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printerhistory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#66 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#16 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#46 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#66 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#47 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#31 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#42 20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#82 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#57 TV Show "Hill Street Blues"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#35 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#9 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#109 IBM Token-Ring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#110 IBM Token-RIng
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#16 Tandem Memo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#35 Transition to cloud computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#117 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970





previous, next, index - home