List of Archived Posts

2019 Newsgroup Postings (09/01 - 12/31)

IBM HONE
The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing
The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation
CICS History
Why Has The U.S. CEO-To-Worker Pay Ratio Increased So Much?
If The Debt Machine Was Turned Off, The US Would Immediately Plunge Into Horrifying Depression, New Study
ISO9000, Six Sigma
To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing
To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing
The 16919 Project
To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing
To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing
ISO9000, Six Sigma
Chicago Theory
Before the First Shots Are Fired
Before the First Shots Are Fired
How an Agency You've Never Heard of Is Leaving the Economy at Risk
Before the First Shots Are Fired
All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
Fake Gold
Private Equity and Surprise Medical Billing
Radical Muslim
Radical Muslim
Radical Muslim
Radical Muslim
Radical Muslim
PC Market
XT/370
IBM History
OT, "new" Heinlein book
Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism
The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For
book "Glass House"
Trump's Deference to Saudis in Setting Terms for How U.S. Shoul Respond to Attacks Touches a Nerve
Big Tech Meets Its Pecora Commission: Why Google's Toughest Opponent Is Now Congress
World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
Crash Course
Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
Corporations Are People
Corporations Are People
Corporations Are People
Corporations Are People
Corporations Are People
Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
king sized ash tray "the good life" 1967 job ad
Economic Mess and Regulations
Economic Mess and Regulations
Economic Mess and Regulations
Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
Why Trump Tweeted About Civil War
Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
Stock Buybacks Threaten Economic Growth
The Code of Capital: How the Law Creates Wealth and Inequality
Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
Reviewing The China Mission
What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Capitalism as we know it is dead
The Fed Is Offering $100 Billion a Day in Emergency Loans to Unnamed Banks
Four Takeaways on Trump's New Medicare Executive Order
Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
Record debt and inequality gap? It's almost like 40 years of Republican tax cuts failed
CIA's top lawyer made 'criminal referral' on complaint about Trump Ukraine call
Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Eric Holder is the Official Missing from Discussions of the Bidens' Ukrainian Efforts
Versioning file systems
To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing
Collins radio 1956
Retired Marine Gen. John Allen: 'There is blood on Trump's hands for abandoning our Kurdish allies'
Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
38 people cited for violations in Clinton email probe
Prying Open The Overton Window
Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
Just and Unjust Wars
5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
Exposed! A Serial Whistleblower's Story with Bill Black
OT, "new" Heinlein book
OT, "new" Heinlein book
OT, "new" Heinlein book
Trump Administration Scaling Back Rules Meant to Stop Corporate Inversions
OT, "new" Heinlein book
OT, "new" Heinlein book
OT, "new" Heinlein book
OT, "new" Heinlein book
OT, "new" Heinlein book
Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
This Is a Horror Story: How Private Equity Vampires Are Killing Everything
MIPS chart for all IBM hardware model
OT, "new" Heinlein book
MIPS chart for all IBM hardware model
OT, "new" Heinlein book
OT, "new" Heinlein book
The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
Dyanmic Adaptive Resource Manager
ROMP & Displaywriter
ROMP & Displaywriter
America's Richest 1% Now Own As Much Wealth As The Middle And Lower Classes Combined
When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
Next Generation Global Prediction System
Even With Better Education, Millennials Earn 20% Less Than Baby Boomers, Study Finds
Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair
Google, Fitbit, Banking: Big Tech's Bust Out?
maps on Cadillac Seville trip computer from 1978
Virtualization
For the first time in history, U.S. billionaires paid a lower tax rate than the working class last year
'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
23Jun1969 Unbundling
The Barr Presidency
Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
IBM system/360 ad
Ukraine's Post-Independence Struggles, 1991 - 2019
IBM system/360 ad
12 EU states reject move to expose companies' tax avoidance
Permanent Record
Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
Color TV ad 1964
IBM and Internet
Trump is deconstructing the government, one agency at a time
"Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico
The Plots Against the President
Water-cooled 360s?
The Ongoing Effort to Write Wall Street Out of the 2008 Financial Crisis
Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX
US lost more tax revenue than any other developed country in 2018 due to Trump tax cuts
At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
Book on monopoly (IBM)
Book on monopoly (IBM)
Book on monopoly (IBM)
American Cities Are Becoming Shell Companies for the Rich
Goliath
More Chinese scientists in America are going back home
Y2K
Fascists

IBM HONE

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM HONE
Date: 01 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#106 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#107 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#108 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#109 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#114 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#117 IBM HONE

old post about how to had "PUNCH" statements at front of assembler program to create absolute (IPL) loading of rest of text deck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#26

also happens to mention the IOS3270 "green card" ... I've done a quick&dirty conversion from IOS3270 to HTML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html

trivia: 3092 (3090 service processor) was pair of 4361s processors running a highly modified version of VM/370 release 6 ... and all the service processor screens done in CMS IOS3270. Old email about theo supplying me with fulist, browse, and ios3270 so I would redo to put in (R/O) shared segment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email781010
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email781011
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#email791012

3092 required pair of 3370 (FBA) disks ... even for MVS installation (where MVS never supported FBA disks, as CKD DASD stop being made, to keep MVS operational to this day, requires doing CKD hardware emulation on industry standard fixed-block disks).
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html
In addition, the 3092 processor controller requires two IBM 3370 model A2 direct access storage devices with string switches or equivalent. The 3092 requires access to a customer-supplied 3420 model 4, 6 or 8 tape drive or equivalent.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It.
Date: 02 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
'The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It.' A new guns case reveals that the once-noble institution has died, and we're left working with its corpse.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/09/requiem-supreme-court/597238/

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
Originally, US corporations were entities that operate in public interest, but then certain factions wanted those rights extended to entities that can operate in self interest as well "people" rights under constitution.

pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pgxviii/loc132-36:
For most of American history, the Supreme Court failed to protect the dispossessed and the marginalized, with the justices claiming to be powerless in the face of hostile public sentiment. As we will see, however, the court's record on corporate rights was much different. In 1809, the Supreme Court decided the first case on the constitutional rights of corporations, decades before the first comparable cases for women or racial minorities. And unlike women and minorities, who lost nearly all of their early cases, corporations won that first case--and have compiled an impressive list of victories in the years since.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.

pg120|loc1975-78:
The railroad corporations were constitutional first movers who employed innovative tactics to secure new rights. They envisioned the lawsuits as a form of strategic litigation, or what their lawyers called "test cases," to determine whether corporations had the same rights as ordinary people to equal protection and due process under the Fourteenth Amendment.

pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
... snip ...

The former Senator argued before the Supreme court that examination of the notes by those doing the 14th amendment was that they originally intended to explicitly include corporations. A number of decades later, when those notes were reexamined in detail, they found there was no intention to include corporations ... but by that time there had been extensive prior supreme court rulings (railroads had scammed the supreme court on behalf of corporations) ... furthering "corporations are people" and covered by the constitution.

recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 02 Sep 2019 11:51:58 -1000
Bonita Montero <Bonita.Montero@gmail.com> writes:
"_Inventor_ Paul J Brown Ronald M Smith"

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#0

Padegs and Ron Smith were two people in the 370 architecture group that we dealt with ("owned" the 370 architecture "red book" ... done in CMS script, conditional script parameter would format/print either the full "red book" or the "principles of operation" subset.)
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/architects.html

US Patent 3,787,891 "Signal Processor Instruction for Non-Blocking Communication Between Data Processing Units" , issued January 22, 1974. Inventors: Brian B. Moore, Andris Padegs, and Ronald M. Smith.
https://patents.google.com/patent/US3787891

SMP, multiprocessor and/or compare&swap patents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation
Date: 02 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation. There are two types of games. One kills creativity and the other is for kids...
https://www.inc.com/stephen-shapiro/why-your-business-needs-more-kid-games-fewer-adult-games.html

Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business

former coworker at science center and research;
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
bullying part of US education (public and military) for stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity, "It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html

science centerr posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subttopic.html#545tech

responsible for the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until some time mid-80s ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

technology also used for the corporate sponsored university network (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

recent posts mentioning "Cool to Be Clever"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#67 Range
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#90 DNS & other trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#35 The People Who Invented the Internet: #Reviewing The Imagineers of War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CICS History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: CICS History
Date: 02 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
I took intro to computers/fortran and then within year, univ. hired fulltime to be responsible for ibm mainframe systems. Then, univ. library got an office of naval research grant to do online catalog, part of the money went for 2321. Library project was also selected to be one of the original beta test sites for CICS product ... and CICS debugging got added to my responsibility ... one of the 1st bugs was CICS had hardcoded some BDAM options (not documented) and library had selected different BDAM options ... and CICS wasn't opening the files. lots of CICS history, gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/http://www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm
and
https://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm

CICS &/or BDAM posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

recent CICS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#70 CICS Product 50 Years Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#28 CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#41 The Forgotten Operating System That Keeps the NYC Subway System Alive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#63 2741 & APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#88 Fwd: Happy 50th Birthday CICS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#26 direct couple

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Has The U.S. CEO-To-Worker Pay Ratio Increased So Much?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why Has The U.S. CEO-To-Worker Pay Ratio Increased So Much?
Date: 03 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Why Has The U.S. CEO-To-Worker Pay Ratio Increased So Much?
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-09-02/why-has-us-ceo-worker-pay-ratio-increased-so-much
CEOs are paid 278 times more than the average U.S. worker
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/ceos-are-paid-278-times-more-than-the-average-us-worker-2019-08-15

during the economic mess last decade, it had hit 400:1 and in some industries, higher.

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

past 400:1 posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#73 Should The CEO Have the Lowest Pay In Senior Management?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#24 To: Graymouse -- Ireland and the EU, What in the H... is all this about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#76 lack of information accuracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#71 Cormpany sponsored insurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#25 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#33 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#53 Are family businesses unfair competition?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#93 What do you think are the top characteristics of a good/effective leader in an organization? Do you feel these characteristics are learned or innate to an individual?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#2 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#58 Traditional Approach Won't Take Businesses Far Places
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#14 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#17 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#61 The vanishing CEO bonus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#5 Greed - If greed was the cause of the global meltdown then why does the biz community appoint those who so easily succumb to its temptations?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#41 Executive pay: time for a trim?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#44 Executive pay: time for a trim?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#50 Greed Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#80 Are reckless risks a natural fallout of "excessive" executive compensation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#25 The recently revealed excesses of John Thain, the former CEO of Merrill Lynch, while the firm was receiving $25 Billion in TARP funds makes me sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#41 The subject is authoritarian tendencies in corporate management, and how they are related to political culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#3 Congress Set to Approve Pay Cap of $500,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#73 Most 'leaders' do not 'lead' and the majority of 'managers' do not 'manage'. Why is this?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#2 CEO pay sinks - Wall Street Journal/Hay Group survey results just released
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#44 What TARP means for the future of executive pay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#37 Young Developers Get Old Mainframers' Jobs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#48 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#8 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#39 Agile Workforce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#33 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#67 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#71 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#10 OODA in highly stochastic environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#53 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#13 The Seven Habits of Pointy-Haired Bosses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#69 Who was the Greatest IBM President and CEO of the last century?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#28 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#147 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#26 What's your favorite quote on "accountability"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#12 Sun Tzu, Boyd, strategy and extensions of same
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#26 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#90 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#91 The Fractal Organization: Creating sustainable organizations with the Viable System Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#77 Vampire Squid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#73 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#81 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#3 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#32 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#41 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#36 Race Against the Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#40 Core characteristics of resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#87 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#65 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#33 IBM Spent A Million Dollars Renovating And Staffing Its Former CEO's Office
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#28 Flag bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#50 IBM Furloughs U.S. Hardware Employees to Reduce Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#51 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#14 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#15 Why IBM Is Tumbling: BRIC Sales Plunge, Total Revenue Lowest Since 2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#29 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#81 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#33 Power grid groans, blackouts roll through L.A. area as heat wave nears peak
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#61 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#61 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#23 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#17 There's No Such Thing as Corporate DNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#14 Paying CEOs fat bonuses for stock performance doesn't work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#50 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#13 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#49 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#100 Why CEO pay structures harm companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#19 In Praise of Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#88 CEO compensation has grown 940% since 1978

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

If The Debt Machine Was Turned Off, The US Would Immediately Plunge Into Horrifying Depression, New Study

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: If The Debt Machine Was Turned Off, The US Would Immediately Plunge Into Horrifying Depression, New Study
Date: 03 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
If The Debt Machine Was Turned Off, The US Would Immediately Plunge Into Horrifying Depression, New Study
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-09-02/if-debt-machine-was-turned-us-would-immediately-plunge-horrifying-depression-new
The Federal Reserve and the too big to fail banks are at the core of this insidious debt-based system, and it has been systematically destroying the bright future that our children and our grandchildren were supposed to have.

America's Wealth Hinges on Its Ability to Borrow Big - or Else
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/america-wealth-hinges-ability-borrow-120000587.html
The Fed's Not A Politics-Free Technocracy; It's An Agent Of Redistribution To The Top
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-09-02/feds-not-politics-free-technocracy-its-agent-redistribution-top

reposted numerous times in the past: 2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report has 2003-2009, tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. Sort of confluence of federal reserve and Too Big To Fail wanting huge federal debt, wallstreet and special interests wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex wanting enormous spending increase.

fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ISO9000, Six Sigma

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: ISO9000, Six Sigma
Date: 03 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
ISO9000, sixsigma, etc, were manufacturing ... consistently turning out the same thing large number of times, exactly conforming. Lots of people around OODA-loop into agile, scrum, etc. (or a lots of agile/scrum people are also into Boyd and OODA-loop), I was introduced to Boyd in the early 80s and sponsored his briefings at IBM.

example was US auto industry ... lots of problems and foreign makers were in danger of taking over the market. Congress then puts on import quotas to reduce competition, provide enormous profits ... which the industry was suppose to use to completely remake themselves ... however they just pocketed the profits and continued business as usual. In the early 80s there was a call for 100% unearned profit tax on the US industry.

In 1990, the industry had "C4 Taskforce" to look at completely remaking themselves and because they were planning on heavily using technology, they invited reps from major technology vendors. In the meetings they could accurately describe what the foreign competition was doing right, what they were doing wrong, and what they had to change (offline I would chide some of the mainframers what did they expect to contribute because they suffered from some of the same problems). As can be seen from the bailouts last decade, they still hadn't changed.

One of their examples was US industry took 7-8yrs to turn out new product (from initial design to rolling off the line), typically with two efforts in parallel, offset 3-4yrs to make it look like something more frequent, with minor cosmetic changes in between, Foreign competition had cut that in half (3-4yrs elapsed) and in 1990 were in the process of cutting it in half again (18-24months) ... making them much more agile and adaptable (to changing customer preferences and technology).

There is also some amount written comparing TPS and Boyd/OODA-loop ... something I periodic use (in some of the Boyd military forums): "How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers"
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers
To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.

... snip ...

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
auto C4 taskforce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Tue, 03 Sep 2019 10:24:35 -1000
"Chris M. Thomasson" <chris.m.thomasson.1@gmail.com> writes:
Iirc, Lynn Wheeler mentioned that Charlie had to come up with a concrete use case. The double width, or CDS, instruction was used for a lock-free LIFO. Heck, its still in Appendix A under Free-Pool Manipulation:

A-48 in:
https://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=isg23f570d52b991b62e85256ed2006374c6&aid=1

A-44 describes the CS and CDS instructions. CDS, or DWCAS, operates on two adjacent words.

With to Charlie and CAS, Lore and Legend, I don't know for sure. But I appreciate all of the Wheeler's posts. Thanks.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#2 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...

Ron Smith was one of the people in POK that managed the 370 architecture (we dealt with Padegs and Smith).

Charlie "invented" compare&swap when he was working on CP/67 fine-grain kernel locking at the science center (aka virtual machine CP/40 was done at the science center, including 360/40 hardware modifications for virtual memory, CP/40 morphs into CP/67 at the science center when 360/67 standard with virtual memory became available). Taking it to Padeqs & Smith for inclusion in 370 ... they came back that the POK favorite son operating system people claimed that (360) test&set was more than sufficient.

At the time, POK OS/360 MVT 65MP used a (test&set) spin-lock (for entering the kernel supervisor code, no fine-grain locking). We were told that in order to get compare&swap justified for 370 archicture, had to come up with more uses (than just kernel locking uses). Thus was born the uses for (interrupt enabled) multi-threading applications (like large DBMS) ... which was appicable whether they ran single processor or multi-processor environments (the examples still included in present day mainframe principles of operation) ... aka eliminating lots of application kernel API calls for lock/unlock.

Ron Smith was involved in taking compare&swap and turning it into two instructions CS (compare&swap single word) and CDS (compare doubleword & swap).

SMP, multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Tue, 03 Sep 2019 16:46:56 -1000
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#2 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#8 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...

don't remember for sure ... possible compare&swap aha moment was the free storage subpool work. Fine-grain kernel locking work went from individual kernel routine locking (instead of the POK favorite son MVT global kernel spin lock), and then shorter instructions sequences within modules and then data structures ... that may involve multiple different instruction sequences.

CP/67 kernel storage management was becoming increasingly larger percent of kernel time ... as pathlengths were cut in other areas and CP/67 loads scaled up. Storage management was single threaded list of available storage with current size. Allocating storage required running the threaded list and looking for best fit, and then possibly larger block that was then split. Releasing storage required running the threaded list inserting in real storage address order ... possibly merging adjacent blocks into single larger block. The threaded list was growing to hundreds of blocks that needed to be run. MIT Lincoln Labs had gotten "Search List" instruction added to 360/67 ... which optimized some of the instruction loop time for running list ... but still was left with all the storage fetches for each block, running the list (with several hundred items and increasing).

Storage management subpool work involved detailed study of storage sizes and lifetimes and found nearly all calls to allocate/deallocate storage involving small number of different small areas sizes (frequently with very short lifetimes). Things were already rounded up to double word boundary ... with a little more rounding up of sizes could come up with very few storage sizes that accounted for nearly all storage allocation/deallation requests. For the subpool work it defined each subpool storage size managed with a push/pop single threaded list ... kernel storage management then went from a rapidly growing percent of all kernel time to almost unmeasurable percent ... basically all calls done in 14instructions (including call, registers saved, registers restore and return). There was then relatively infrequent garbage collection work done cleaning subpools. Compare&swap then could easily be seen as natural for popping top member off subpool list, or pushing new member onto subpool list (w/o having to lock sequences of instructions).

SMP, multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The 16919 Project

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The 16919 Project
Date: 03 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
1619 with enslaved Africans.
https://www.nytimes.com/column/1619-project
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/23/podcasts/1619-slavery-anniversary.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/30/podcasts/1619-slavery-cotton-capitalism.html

Why Nations fail ... has it slightly earlier. Note the original English settlement in 1607 was Jamestown that had planned to follow the Spanish model, military to enslave the local natives to support the settlement. It turns out that the North American natives weren't as cooperative and the original settlement starved. English then switched to sending over other members of the British Isles to serve the purpose. The crown charters for those settlements had rigid social structure with the "leet-men" at the bottom
https://www.amazon.com/Why-Nations-Fail-Prosperity-ebook/dp/B0058Z4NR8
pg27:
The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social structure. At the bottom were the 'leet-men', with clause 23 noting, "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations."
... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

some past "leet-men" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#95 More Immigration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#40 Indian Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism

For some distinction at west point, my wife's father had been given a set of history books from the 1880s by the dauhters of the 17th century
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org

It had references that if the English settlers, Hamilton, and the Federalists had prevailed over Jefferson and the Scottish settlers, our government would be a much more rigid social structure with a monarch.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 04 Sep 2019 09:04:46 -1000
already5chosen writes:
That still one full year ahead of the first big SMP machine from the POWER side of IBM business (pSeries 690).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#2 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#8 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#9 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...

I've frequently said that John did a lot of simplification stuff in 801/risc in reaction to the horrible complexity he saw in (failed) Future System and the significant cycle time costs in the 2-way 370 cache machines of the 70s.

801/risc didn't have cache consistancy even between I&D caches ... made a point of arguing about it at small conference wheree 801/risc was presented in 1976,

I got roped into doing high available rs/6000 (HA/6000) but quickly changed the name to HA/CMP when started doing technical cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial clsuter scaleup with RDBMS vendors. Problem was that RIOS (still) didn't have any cache consistency and cluster was the only way of getting any scaleup.

When I was doing HA/CMP, the executive I reported to, then went over to head up Somerset .. the Apple, IBM, Motorola (he had previously came from Motorola) effort to do single chip 801 ... and I've semi-facetious claimed incorporate M88k cache consistency/multiprocessor (he then left to be president of MIPs ... after bought by SGI).

IBM mainframe had 2-way from 60s and we were on our way to do 16-way less than decade later when it got shutdown (we presented 16-way at same confererence that 801/risc was presented) ... another 25yrs to became 16way ... 801/risc didn't even get started on cache consistency for multiprocessor until somerset.

trivia: old post about Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on 128-way cluster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Within a couple weeks (of the Ellison meeting), cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as an IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. A few months later we leave IBM. We conjectured part of it was mainframe DB2 (RDBMS) were complaining that if we were allowed to go ahead (on commercial cluster scaleup), it would be way ahead of them.

At the time, IBM didn't have non-mainframe RDBMS and DB2 mainframe wasn't portable code. The major unix RDBMS vendors had portable code that included VAX-cluster in same source base. I did a cluster distributed lock manager that supported VAX-cluster semantics with a lot of input from the RDBMS vendors about short comings in VAX-cluster scaleup (I had also done work earlier on the original sql/relational IBM, mainframe, implementation, System/R).

for all I know (after leaving), (commmercial) IBM mainframe also applied pressure on 801/risc side of the house ... about shipping large power SMP ... they sure kneecapped us for cluster scaleup.

801/risc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
SMP, multiprocessor &/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
original sql/relational System/R posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 04 Sep 2019 09:24:44 -1000
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#2 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#8 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#9 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#11 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...

subpool work on (360/67) CP67 (and charlie's work on CP/67 fine-grain multiproceessor locking in the same period) predates 370 and the availability of compare&swap ... web search turns up a number of books at google referencing supbool work published in IBM Systems Journal, v10n4 (1971). I believe IBM has moved all the journals behind IEEE paywall.

in any case, the subpool implementation would have been an ideal condidate for compare&swap (push/pop single threaded list).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
SMP, multiprocessor &/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ISO9000, Six Sigma

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: ISO9000, Six Sigma
Date: 03 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#7

somebody else's post about same article in different group/thread:
"Sick Stigma" Six Sigma is the enemy of innovation. Gary Klein coined the term "Sick Stigma" years ago as he saw the manufacturing approach as a threat to innovation. Six Sigma, a reductionist approach to reducing defects to 3.34 per million, is valuable in ordered systems where the relationship between cause and effect is known. Context determines method.
... snip ...

... and ... "Meet the influential programmer who's helping $3.8 billion Gusto make sure that its software always stays ahead of the times"
https://www.businessinsider.com/kent-beck-gusto-agile-manifesto-chrysler-2019-8
Kent Beck was one of the 17 authors of the Agile Manifesto, a set of principles and values that changed how engineering teams build software today.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chicago Theory

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Chicago Theory
Date: 04 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Upheaval
https://www.amazon.com/Upheaval-Turning-Points-Nations-Crisis-ebook/dp/B07H2997W4/
pg180/loc2168-71:
But from 1975 onwards, Pinochet turned over economic management to a group of neo-liberal economic advisors who became known as the Chicago Boys, because many of them had trained at the University of Chicago in association with the economist Milton Friedman. Their policies emphasized free enterprise, free trade, market orientation, balanced budget, low inflation, modernization of Chilean businesses, and reduced government intervention.
... snip ...

People, Power, and Profits: Progressive Capitalism for an Age of Discontent
https://www.amazon.com/People-Power-Profits-Progressive-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B07P92PDLF/
pg90/loc1327-32:
The Chicago School had a disproportionate influence on our politics and our courts. It led to the weakening of antitrust, as courts simply assumed that markets were competitive and efficient, and any behavior that might seem anticompetitive was in fact nothing more than efficient responses to new market complexities. Enormous burdens of proof were placed on anyone trying to claim that a firm had engaged in anticompetitive practices. As one former member of the staff of the Federal Trade Commission (the government agency charged with ensuring a competitive marketplace) put it: "We have to devote all of our energies to proving that water is wet, so that we don't have any resources to attack the real problems in competition."

pg90/loc1336-41:
In the "Chicago" theory, any attempt to raise prices above costs would instantaneously be met by an onslaught of new firm entry (so it was claimed). Accordingly, it would never pay for a firm to engage in predatory pricing because it would never be able to recoup its initial losses by setting prices at a higher-than-competitive level. Courts, buying into the Chicago doctrines, placed a heavy burden of proof on those who claimed that a firm was engaged in predation, so heavy that it became almost impossible to successfully bring a predatory pricing case.
... snip ...

Trivial example is continued increases in pharmaceutical drug prices

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest
Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in department seminars.
... snip ...

Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.
... snip ...

and from Kahneman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman
https://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-Slow-Daniel-Kahneman-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA/
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds/dp/0393254593/
Kahneman, a psychologist got 2002 nobel prize in economics, in part for debunking economic theories that were especially popular with the 1980s administration, appealing theoretical ideas about how people may operate economically, turned out to not be true.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Before the First Shots Are Fired

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Before the First Shots Are Fired
Date: 04 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Before the First Shots Are Fired
https://www.amazon.com/Before-First-Shots-Are-Fired-ebook/dp/B00JTIOXX4/
loc43-46:
By then I had come to realize that there is more to it than that. Political decisions, intelligence estimates, strategies (or their absence), and many other non-battlefield components influenced outcomes to a far greater degree than that eighteen-year-old new Marine could have ever imagined. These off the battlefield components have become increasingly significant as each new intervention is attempted in today's complex world.
... snip ...

One of John Boyd stories was about being asked to review new USAF air-to-air missile (before Vietnam). They showed him all the specs and video where the missile hit every time. Boyd asked them to replay the film and had them stop it just before the missile struck flares on a drone. Then he asks what kind of guidance does it have and they replied heat seeking. He asks what kind of heat seeking and eventually gets them to say "pin-point". He then asks them what is the hottest part of a jet. They say the jet engine ... he says "wrong", it is in the plume 30yrds behind the jet, rather than hitting every time, it will be lucky to hit 10% of the time. Roll forward to Vietnam and he is proved correct. Then USAF general on the ground in Vietnam has all the planes grounded while the USAF missiles are replaced with Navy sidewinders (that have better than twice the hit rate). The general lasts 3months before he is replaced and called on the carpet back at the pentagon. He had violated fundamental rules of the pentagon, reducing USAF budget by using a more effective missile and much worse, increasing NAVY budget by using NAVY sidewinder. Criteria in the pentagon for running a war is all about not just size of budget ... but how much bigger than the other military services.

John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'
... snip ...

Military-Industrial Complex and enormous war profiteering.

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

In the 80s, US supports Iraq in the Iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP, Rumsfeld is involved, US is supporting Iraq, including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
also from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, (Bush) Family Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

other 80s digression, VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
last decade, Bush2 is president and presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 (criminal convictions with jailtime).

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, H. is president (presiding over both the economic mess and perpetual war), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

The Military-Industrial Complex had wanted the Iraq2 invasion so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (then large artillery shells start showing up in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

The Violent American Century
https://www.amazon.com/Violent-American-Century-Terror-Dispatch-ebook/dp/B06X1F1F2H/
loc1455-59:
As the entanglements in Afghanistan and Iraq dragged on, it became clear that this was also a new kind of war when it came to bureaucratic sprawl and organizational contradictions. On the one hand, computer-focused theories like network-centric warfare presented an idealized vision of streamlined command-and-control operations. At the same time, however, the extreme response to September 11 gave birth in the United States to a public and private "security" complex more gargantuan, cumbersome, compartmentalized, faction-ridden, redundant, wasteful, corrupt, and nontransparent than anything the nation had seen before.
... snip ...

Before the First Shots Are Fired, pg43/loc723-26:
An astonishing number of government and nongovernmental agencies, departments, and organizations are engaged in providing our nation's leaders with solid, timely intelligence: 1,271 government organizations and 1,931 private companies in 10,000 locations in the US. According to estimates, our annual intelligence budget is over $80 billion--a huge investment in minimizing unknowns.
... snip ...

After turn of the century, there was enormous uptic in gov. outsourcing, especially to beltway bandits and gov. contractors bought up by private-equity operations, that had hired prominent politicians to lobby congress (including the company that will employ Snowden)
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

enormous uptic, just intelligence: 70% of $80B budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and significantly speeding up the spreading success of failure culture, lots more money for for-profit companies in the private-equity mills with a series of failures (analogous to military-industrial complex "perpetual war", actually winning a war might reduce the budget) ... claims that it also significantly contributes to the Intelligence failures.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Before the First Shots Are Fired

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Before the First Shots Are Fired
Date: 04 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired

Before the First Shots Are Fired: pg104/loc1660-62:
The George W. Bush administration went to war in Afghanistan without a fully articulated and workable strategy; and they later opened up an unnecessary two-front war by invading Iraq without a carefully thought out strategy for either theater of operations.

pg110/loc1765-67:
Few with the right intelligence, skills, and experience make it into the key positions that require these abilities. Appointees to leadership positions where strategies are developed are more often chosen for political loyalty than for strategic talent.
... snip ....

... unless the objective possibly "perpetual war" & Pentagon's strategy, "don't interrupt the money flow, add to it."

... also, The Deep State: The Fall of the Constitution and the Rise of a Shadow Government
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:
In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming administration choose personnel

pg191/loc3057-58:
In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second,"

pg191/loc3060-62:
Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.
... snip ...

Boyd posts and URL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

other recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#21 Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#38 Trump's Message to U.S. Intelligence Officials: Be Loyal or Leave
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How an Agency You've Never Heard of Is Leaving the Economy at Risk

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How an Agency You've Never Heard of Is Leaving the Economy at Risk
Date: 05 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
How an Agency You've Never Heard of Is Leaving the Economy at Risk
https://www.pogo.org/investigation/2019/09/how-an-agency-youve-never-heard-of-is-leaving-the-economy-at-risk/
A third responsibility of the Peekaboo is to enforce the rules--along with relevant laws. Under the 2002 act of Congress that created the Peekaboo, this audit cop was given the power to penalize audit firms as much as $2 million per violation for ordinary violations and as much as $15 million per violation for more serious violations--those that involve intentional or knowing conduct, including recklessness, or, in the wording of the law, "repeated instances of negligent conduct." (Since 2002, the potential penalties have been ratcheted up by almost 40% to keep pace with inflation.)
... snip ...

Rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime. However it (also) required that SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe that SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reports ... even showing that they increased after SOX went into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). There was a joke that Washington felt so badly after one of the "Big Five" went out of business in the wake of ENRON, that SOX significantly increased audit requirements (as a gift to audit industry), but they wouldn't have any actual effect.

Botched Audits: Big Four Accounting Firms Fail Many Inspections
https://www.pogo.org/investigation/2019/09/botched-audits-big-four-accounting-firms-fail-many-inspections/
In the most recent annual inspections of the U.S. arms of the Big Four for which the oversight board has reported results, inspectors found that each firm botched at least 20% of their audits.
... snip ...

Enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Before the First Shots Are Fired

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Before the First Shots Are Fired
Date: 05 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re; http;//www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired http;//www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#16 Before the First Shots Are Fired

pg176/loc2757:
Why did we invade Iraq? What exactly were we doing there?

pg176/loc2759:
Why did we invade Afghanistan?
... snip ...

from Boyd, Pentagon strategy is don't stop the flow of money, add to it ... and war profiteering

from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, (Bush) Family Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Perepetual war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
& war profiteering
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_profiteering
Military-Industrial Complex
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military-industrial_complex
War Is a Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
& from above: Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

pg198/loc3097-99:
JFCOM put together a highly sophisticated and complex series of games called Millennium Challenge to test their emerging concepts. The crowning jewel was supposed to be Millennium Challenge 2002, which was to cost $250 million.

pg199/loc3100-3104:
They made one very big mistake. They asked General Van Riper to head the enemy force. The game began, and Rip immediately administered catastrophic losses on the "Blue" (good guy) forces. Play was stopped so they could gather their wits. When play was restarted, Rip immediately slammed them again. Again play was stopped as the embarrassed JFCOM folks tried to understand what hit them. They decided to restart, but this time Rip's actions would be scripted and certain capabilities would be taken away from him.

pg199/loc3110-13:
They felt they had good reason for covering up the Millennium Challenge mess. We were preparing to invade Iraq in the months ahead. Millennium Challenge was not only a $250 million war game that had gone bust, but the concepts developed and supposedly validated in this game were to be exported to CENTCOM and included in the "revolutionary" Shock and Awe approach that was about to be used in Iraq.
... snip ..

... from a long history of respinning the facts.

pg218/loc3400-3402:
The lines drawn on a map during World War I in the Sykes-Picot Agreement by hungry colonial powers still shape conflicts in the Middle East. The aftermath of the help we gave the Afghans during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan set the conditions that drew us into the conflict currently raging there.
... snip ...

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started before WW1 with move from 13.5in to 15in naval guns (leading to moving from coal to oil) loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.
... snip ...

When the newly elected democratic government wanted to review the Anglo-Persian contract, US arranged coup and backed Shah as front
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr%2E
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the secret police to keep Shah in power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK
and the savage suppression eventually led to revolt.`
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_Revolution

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 06 Sep 2019 09:50:51 -1000
James Dow Allen <jdallen2000@yahoo.com> writes:
I programmed the CDC 6400/6600 in the late 1960's. Mostly Fortran, but a fair amount of Compass Assembly code also.

The earliest machine code for me was a very simple program for IBM 1620 in '65 or '66. I didn't write it in an assembly language -- I composed it in "absolute" machine code, using the Multiple-punch option on a card punch! (During the 1970's I developed machine code for about a dozen different machines.)


Spring semester, I took inro to computers/fortran ... student card decks were run on 709 tape-to-tape with 1401 front-end unit<->tape and tapes manually moved between 1401 & 709 drives. That summer 1401 was replaced with 360/30 (part of transition from 709/1401 to 360/67 and tss/360) and I got a summer job rewritting 1401 MPIO in 360/30 assembler. Univ. shutdown datacenter from 8am Sat until 8am Mon and I had the whole machine room to myself for 48hrs. I got to design & implement my own monitor, devices drivers, interrupt handlers, storage management, error recovery, console interface, etc. Eventually had tray of 2000 cards. It had assembler conditional ... either assembled stand-alone version (loaded with BPS loader, which took 30mins to assemble on OS/360 on the 360/30) or OS/360 version which used OS/360 macros for input/output (took hour to assemble, each DCB macro taking 6mins assemble).

I got fairly adept at reading holes in punch card output "TXT" deck ... fanning deck looking for TXT card with the hex displacement address and then doing card copy in 026 keypunch ... multi-punching hex patch/changes in new card (much faster than running new assembly for many things).

In retrospect ... UNIV could have continued to run 1401 MPIO in 360/30 1401 emulation, but I guess it was part of gaining experience with 360.

Eventually, 360/67 arrived (replacing 709 & 360/30) and I was hired fulltime to be responsible for academic and administration mainframe systems ... TSS/360 never came to production fruition and 360/67 mostly spent its days as "65" running os/360. I continued to have the machine room dedicated on weekends ... but still taking classes, so 48hrs w/o sleep could make a monday morning class hard.

Roll-forward to last week in Jan1968 and three people from the cambridge science center came out to the univ to install (virtual machine) CP/67 (3rd installation after the science center itself on MIT lincoln labs). The 360/67 continued to run mostly as "65" with OS/360 ... but in addition to doing OS/360 support/maint. on weekends, I now also got to play with CP/67 ... redesigning and rewritting a lot of the CP/67 kernel (all 360 assembler) during 1968 (which IBM would pickup and ship as part of the product). I significantly reduced a lot of the kernel instruction pathlengths, redid the disk i/o subsystem with ordered seek queuing ... and chained channel programs together into single CCW chain (minimize SIO and interrupts), redid page I/O subystem including new page replacement algorithm, did new dispatching&scheduling that included dynamic adaptive resource management, etc.

Trivia: student fortran jobs ran less than second elapsed time on 709 tape-to-tape. Initial transition to OS/360 (360/67 running as "65"), elapsed time was well over minute. Installing HASP, cut it in half to over 30 seconds. I redid OS/360 system generation (first time was OS/360 release 9.5) to optimize arm seek, carefully ordering datasets on disk and members in PDS program libraries (which also ordered member entries in PDS directory making multi-track search operation finding program faster) ... which cut elapsed time to 1/3rd (of vanilla HASP). Student fortran jobs never got to running faster than 709 until installed Waterloo's WATFOR ... single step monitor that ran multiple student jobs in same step. Typical student fortran job was around 40cards, and WATFOR was rated around 20,000 statements/min on 360/65. Univ. typically collected card tray (2000+ cards) of student jobs to run. I had gotten OS/360 step elapsed time down around 4secs ... so elapsed time was 4secs (step overhead) plus 6secs (2000/(20000/60)) ... or about 10secconds for 50 jobs (2000/40) ... or avg. .2seconds/job ... finally beating 709.

paging subsystem posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock
resource management posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
HASP (jes, nje, etc) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

misc. WATFOR posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18 CP/67 & OS MFT14
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#22 Pre S/360 IBM Operating Systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#28 IA64 Self Virtualizable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#21 Reviving the OS/360 thread (Questions about OS/360)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#93 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#175 amusing source code comments (was Re: Testing job applicants)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#45 Charging for time-share CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#52 Review of Steve McConnell's AFTER THE GOLD RUSH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#22 Golden Era of Compilers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#12 checking some myths.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#33 Waterloo Interpreters (was Re: RAX (was RE: IBM OS Timeline?))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#53 WATFOR's Silver Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#54 WATFOR's Silver Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#1 WATFOR's Silver Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#3 The problem with installable operating systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#31 Collating on the S/360-2540 card reader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#48 AMD/Linux vs Intel/Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#53 origin of the UNIX dd command
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#16 CPU time and system load
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#51 IBM LCS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#18 Microminiaturized Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#24 Opinion: The top 10 operating system stinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#41 Book on Poughkeepsie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#37 Young Developers Get Old Mainframers' Jobs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#54 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#61 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#66 PL/1 as first language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#17 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#13 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#5 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#36 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#43 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#98 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#24 Is Microsoft becoming folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#31 Java Security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#39 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#4 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#18 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#54 Curiosity: TCB mapping macro name - why IKJTCB?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#87 The Mother of All Demos: The 1968 presentation that sparked a tech revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#76 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#85 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#134 A System 360 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#51 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#15 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#102 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#21 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#29 Multitasking, together with OS operations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#49 System/360--detailed engineering description (AFIPS 1964)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#86 OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#104 OS/360 PCP JCL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#28 CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fake Gold

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Fake Gold
Date: 06 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Why Is JPMorgan Chase Always in the Middle of Scandalous News? Fake Gold Anyone?
https://wallstreetonparade.com/2019/09/why-is-jpmorgan-chase-always-in-the-middle-of-scandalous-news-fake-gold-anyone/
If your bank is under a criminal probe for potentially rigging gold and silver markets, it doesn't help your case to have $50 million in fake gold bars sitting in your vaults. Nonetheless, this is what Reuters reported last week.

Exclusive: Fake-branded bars slip dirty gold into world markets
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-gold-swiss-fakes-exclusive/exclusive-fake-branded-bars-slip-dirty-gold-into-world-markets-idUSKCN1VI0DD

AMEX president was in competition to be next CEO and wins. Looser takes their protegee and leaves, going to Baltimore and taking over what was described as loan sharking business. They make several more acquisitions, eventually acquiring CITIBANK in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for repeal (GLBA, enabling too-big-to-fail and execuse for not prosecuting those responsible for the economic mess). They enlist several in DC, include SECTREAS. After the ball is rolling, the SECTREAS resigns and joins CITI in what was described as co-CEO. The protegree then leaves, becoming CEO of JPMorgan-Chase

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Private Equity and Surprise Medical Billing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Private Equity and Surprise Medical Billing
Date: 06 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Private Equity and Surprise Medical Billing
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/09/private-equity-and-surprise-medical-billing.html
Hospital outsourcing of emergency, radiology, anesthesiology, and other departments has provided an opening for physician practices to operate these services as independent organizations. Initially, hospitals outsourced these services to small, local doctors' groups. But over the past decade, private equity firms have become major players -- buying out doctors' practices and rolling them up into large corporate physician staffing firms that provide services to outsourced emergency rooms, anesthesiology and radiology departments, and other specialty units. By 2013, physician staffing firms owned by Blackstone Group and Kohlberg, Kravis Roberts & Co. (KKR) - among the largest PE firms in the country - cornered 30 percent of this market. Since then, private equity ownership of these services has continued to grow. Private equity firms also own two of the three largest emergency ambulance and air transport services - another major source of surprise medical billing.
... snip ...

Private-equity has gotten reputation for taking over companies, extracting whatever assets possible, putting them under enormous debt load and motivating them to cut-corners and extract money every way possible. Borrowing money and then placing enormous debt on the subject company results in over half of corporate defaults (what is strange is that the defaults never seem to affect the credit rating of the original borrowers):
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html

Last decade they moved heavily into gov. contractors and beltway bandits (including company that will employ Snowden) ... and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource Federal gov. to their subsidiaries.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

enormous uptic in gov. outsourcing, just intelligence: 70% of $80B budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and significantly speeding up the spreading success of failure culture, lots more money for for-profit companies in the private-equity mills with a series of failures (analogous to military-industrial complex "perpetual war", actually winning a war might reduce the budget) ... claims that it also significantly contributes to the Intelligence failures.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

They have also moved heavily into health care, hospital systems, doctor&dentist practices, etc ... and putting those subsidiaries under heavy financial pressure.

Note AMEX was in competition with KKR for P-E LBO take-over of RJR and KKR won.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
KKR runs into trouble and hires away the AMEX president to help. IBM then has gone into the red and hires away the former AMEX president ... who then later leaves for Carlyle.

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Radical Muslim

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Radical Muslim
Date: 06 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, (Bush) Family Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism
The majority of Sunni and Shia Muslims worldwide disagree with the interpretation of Wahhabism, and many Muslims denounce them as a faction or a "vile sect".[7] Islamic scholars, including those from the Al-Azhar University, regularly denounce Wahhabism with terms such as "Satanic faith".[33] Wahhabism has been accused of being "a source of global terrorism",[34][35] inspiring the ideology of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),[36] and for causing disunity in Muslim communities by labelling Muslims who disagreed with the Wahhabi definition of monotheism as apostates[37] (takfir) and justifying their killing.[38][39][40] It has also been criticized for the destruction of historic shrines of saints, mausoleums, and other Muslim and non-Muslim buildings and artifacts.[41][42][43]
... snip ...

if radical/extreme Islam was so prevalent 40 yrs ago ... then US wouldn't have been needing to encourage Saudis to export their radical/extreme Wahhabi version ... as part of undermining the Soviets .... something that has since come back to bite us.

The mess in the middle east and oil ..... The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started before WW1 with move from 13.5in to 15in naval guns (leading to moving from coal to oil) loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.
... snip ...

When the newly elected democratic government wanted to review the Anglo-Persion contract, US arranged coup and backed Shah as front
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr%2E
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the dreaded secret police to keep Shah in power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK
and the savage suppression eventually led to revolt.`
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_Revolution

past posts mentioning Wahhabism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired

other past post mentioning GB Navy transition from coal->oil
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#78 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#102 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#21 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#102 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#39 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#72 A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#33 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#59 Breaking: Entire Nation Experiencing Collective Amnesia About Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#97 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#104 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#59 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#90 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#104 Iran shrink-wrapped $100 Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#99 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#88 Trump administration appointee quits lobbying for Saudi Arabia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#14 U.S. Special Forces School Publishes New Guide for Overthrowing Foreign Governments

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Radical Muslim

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Radical Muslim
Date: 06 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim

Prophet 571-632. Gibbon's "The History of the Decline and Fall of Roman Empire" (included much of "civilized world")
https://www.amazon.com/History-Decline-Roman-Empire-Volumes-ebook/dp/B00HIM09MM/
loc38521-23:
One hundred years after his flight from Mecca, the arms and the reign of his successors extended from India to the Atlantic Ocean, over the various and distant provinces, which may be comprised under the names of, I. Persia; II. Syria; III. Egypt; IV. Africa; and, V. Spain.
... snip ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Muslim_states_and_dynasties

Gibbon has spread of Christianity destroying the Roman's martial spirit contributing to being unable to resist foreign invaders. Also Gibbon, establishment of Roman Church responsible for enormous corruption and infighting between the 1800 "bishops", further destroying the empire from within. The combination played major role in the fall of Rome and the resulting anarchy of the dark ages. The rise of Islam empire came after the fall of Rome and was easy expansion into the vacuum that had been left.

Saudis are still supporting and funding the spread of Wahhabi around the world ... and we seem to be doing nothing about the underlying source of the problem.

Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/08/michael-hudson-global-warming-and-u-s-national-security-diplomacy.html
It was the drive to control the world's oil trade - and to keep it dollarized - that led the United States to overthrow the Iranian government in 1953, George W. Bush and Dick Cheney to invade Iraq in 2013, and most recently for Donald Trump to isolate Iran while backing Saudi Arabia and its Wahabi foreign legion in Syria, Iraq and Yemen. Sixty years earlier, in 1953, the CIA and Britain joined to overthrow Iran's elected President Mohammad Mosaddegh to prevent him from nationalizing the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. A similar strategy explains U.S. attempts at regime change in Venezuela and Russia.
... snip ...

aka Wahabi->Wahhabi, and past refs

Where does ISIS get the money to pay for materiel, propaganda outreach, and its fighters?

1) they captured oil fields and making money off oil

ISIS is making up to $50M a month from oil sales
http://www.businessinsider.com/isis-making-50-million-a-month-from-oil-sales-2015-10

and 2) Fareed this morning (May2017) had segment on Saudi Arabia is supporting world wide wahhabism ... which is "extreme" version of Islam ... including ISIS. There seems to be a conflict here, lot of Wahhabi seems to be anti-Saudi gov because of their relationships with the US & the west, but also claims that Saudi money for Wahhabi is bribes/tributes to take their activities elsewhere.

Fareed also had something like 96% of world-wide extreme Islam terrorism is Wahhabi related and that Iran is one of the major forces fighting Wahhabi extremism (highlighting US war on terror supporting Saudi and opposing Iran).

You Can't Understand ISIS If You Don't Know the History of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/alastair-crooke/isis-wahhabism-saudi-arabia_b_5717157.html

Somewhat repeat, John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy, industry and military 1920 through the early 40s.
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

From the law of unintended consequences, when the US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed military and industrial targets in Germany, they got the target information and coordinates from wallstreet.

Later 5000 from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they funded a large propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity (as part of refurbishing their horribly corrupt and venal image)
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
in part, by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance, slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

Deal with Soviets in WW2 was for their 500 divisions (compared to total of US 91 divisions in all theaters) to fight Germany (which had been largely enabled by US corporations) and after Germany, come in against Japan (because Roosevelt apparently didn't believe that US could defeat Japan without Soviets). The question is if Saudis are directly or indirectly responsible for nearly all extreme Islam terrorism, what is US getting out of it.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

posts mentioning John Foster Dulles' role in the rise of Hitler and Nazism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Radical Muslim

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Radical Muslim
Date: 06 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim

A little more history

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

The US was upset with Iranian people revolting against the brutal US-backed dictator, former CIA Director Bush is now VP supporting Iraq in Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Rumsfeld is involved in US supplying Iraq with weapons, including WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, H. is president (presiding over both the economic mess and perpetual war), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Radical Muslim

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Radical Muslim
Date: 06 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#24 Radical Muslim

Mattis more PC about Iran, brutal US-backed dictators, and Saudi/Wahhabi
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Radical Muslim

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Radical Muslim
Date: 07 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#24 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#25 Radical Muslim

With 96% of world-wide extreme Islam terrorism is (Saudi) Wahhabi related, and Iraq was major force opposed to Wahhabi extremism and Iran is a major force fighting Wahhabi extremism, what is US getting out of siding with Saudi/Wahhabi?? White house had to choose between Saddam and Saudi in 1991, and 2003 1st justified invasion because Iraq supported Al Qaeda (when it was just the opposite) & it would only cost $50B, but then changed to (decommissioned) WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war).

Initially, families of 9/11 victims were prohibited suing the Saudi gov for 9/11 responsibility. That was changed in fall of 2013 ... apparently because of big uptic in fracking and getting off Saudi oil dependency.

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims
http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/

Note that the current administration seems to be having bigger love in with the Saudis than the Bushes.
https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/national-security/top-11-favors-trump-administration-has-done-saudi-arabia-n1026926
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/global-opinions/trump-once-again-chooses-mohammed-bin-salman-over-congress/2019/05/28/e8e4f85e-815a-11e9-933d-7501070ee669_story.html
https://www.newsweek.com/gop-senator-saudi-arabia-trump-complete-violation-1448801
https://www.businessinsider.com/trump-congress-saudi-arabia-dealings-2019-6
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jun/25/trump-saudi-arabia-toadyism-richard-wolffe

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd

posts mentioning victims can sue Saudi for 9/11:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#32 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#37 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#51 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#54 The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#50 Iraqi WMDs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PC Market

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: PC Market
Date: 09 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
IBM/PC, long winded discussion yesterday involving early history of PCs, early m'soft emploees, outside consultants for IBM SNA, founders of original spreadsheet, what role Intel played, etc ... some of my blathering

there was big uptick with customers that had order for tens of thousand of mainframe 3270 terminals ... could replace with IBM/PC for about the same price (with no additional business justification) which could do both 3270 terminal emulation and some local processing in single desk footprint. Started snowball effect with substantial customer base, people wrote more apps, with more apps, people had increasing other justifications for more computers. High markup volumes also encouraged clones eventually turning it into commodity market.

One tipping point was fall that 386sx came out. Foreign clone makers had built up huge inventory of 286 clones for the holiday market ... 386sx .... reducing system chip count and cost, and huge fire sales on the 286 inventory.
https://www.computerworld.com/article/2475341/flashback--remembering-the-386sx.html

30yrs personal computer market, 1975-2005

Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars
and has graph of personal computer sales 1975-1980
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/3
and graph from 1980 to 1984 ... with the only serious competitor to PC in number of sales was commodore 64
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/4
and then from 1984 to 1987 the ibm pc (and clones) starting to completely swamp
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/5

past posts mentioning 30 yrs of PC market article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#63 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#76 Why Didn't Digital Catch the Wave?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#5 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#68 The Rise and Fall of Commodore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#103 Old word processors

....

I agree, lots of corporate strategy didn't reflect what was going on in the market ... one issue was communication group (SNA) was generating huge amount of misinformation (including for corporate hdqtrs).

Well, I've had online keyboard at home since March 1970 (not quite as long as Bob). One of my co-workers at the cambridge science center was responsible for the IBM internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s), which was also used for the corporate sponsored university network (BITNET, also larger than arpanet/internet for a time). He and I transfer to san jose research in 77 (there were a couple of spinoffs from the science center in the late 60s, possibly some people here were at one of them before moving on to other stuff).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

After transfering to SJR, one of the things, I worked with Jim Gray on System/R. We would regularly go out drinking friday night after work. When he was at DEC, I was doing IBM's HA/CMP (both technical with national labs and commercial with RDBMS vendors). and we had running battle about being able to do high availability with commodity hardware. Later when he was at Microsoft, got mine back when he was on stage with Gates for m'soft high availability. Before he disappears, he cons me into interviewing in Redmond for chief security architect ... interview dragged on for a number of weeks, but we couldn't come to agreement. trivia: Jan1992, had meeting in Ellison's conference room on 128-way cluster scaleup. A few weeks later, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors (the mainframe RDBMS DB2 people had been complaining if I was allowed to continue, it would be years ahead of them). A few months later we leave IBM.

70s & 80s disk division also insisted I play disk engineer (one of my hobbies after joining IBM was supplying production mainframe operating systems for lots of internal datacenters, including the mainframes for disk development & test, frequently when they had a problem, they would blame me, and mostly I would have to shoot their design&development bugs). Later half of the 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at the annual, world-wide internal communication group (SNA) conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opened the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls and was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing ... trying to preserve their dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing to more distributed computing friendly platforms with a drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. One of the disk division work arounds was investing in client/server, distributed computing startups that would use backend mainframe disks ... and the senior VP frequently would ask me to stop by their investments and lend a hand when possible.

getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
terminal emulation posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Disk division also got early engineering machines for disk I/O channnel testing ... all of which had to run my operating systems ... including one of the first engineering 4341s. Jan1979 (well before customer 4341s), I get con'ed into doing benchmarks for lawrence national labs that was looking at getting 70 (sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami). Then one of the early System/R joint study installs was bank of american which was looking at getting 60 for distributed bank branches. Gray was hassling me about redoing distributed computing support. 4300s sold into same mid-range market as VAX and in similar numbers for small unit orders. The big difference were large corporations ordering hundreds at a time for placing out into departmental areas (sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami, somewhat overlapped the IBM/PC 3270 terminal emulation market). At the 1Jan1983 transition to internetworking protocol, there were approx. 100 IMP network nodes and 255 connected hosts ... at that time the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000. old post with list of corporate locations that added one or more network machines during 1983:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

After Jim leaves for Tandem, would periodically visit him on Friday afternoons. After one visit, I do a trip report that gets distributed around the company and snowballs into massive online computer conferencing (which I get blamed). Folklore is when the corporate executive committee is told about online computer conferencing (and internal network), 5of6 want to fire me (possibly one of the "problems" is there were numerous company critical datacenters running my operating systems, including all the worldwide sales&marketing online support systems).

computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Early 80s, my brother was Apple regional marketing rep (largest physical region in CONUS). When he came into town, I would get included in business dinners. Later I would even got to argue MAC design with MAC developers (before MAC was announced).

Also, early 80s, I had project HSDT with T1 and faster speed links (and constantly fighting off SNA communication group) and working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers when congress cuts the budget. Some other things happened and eventually NSF release RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevented us from bidding and NSF director tried to help by writing the CEO a letter with support from other agencies (but that just made the politics worse, as did comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). Communication group was internally distributing enormous amounts of (SNA) misinformation (including to the corporate executive committee) about the (non-SNA) internal network, NSF networking, customer demand for T1, etc. Somebody collected a lot of the misinformation email and forwarded it to us. In the past, I posted to a.f.c. an heavily clipped and redacted subset (to protect the guilty).

hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

One battle that communication group (initially) lost was mainframe TCP/IP support ... but they then switched their game and said that since they owned all IBM products that involved crossing datacenter walls, it had to be released through them. What shipped got aggregate 44kbytes/sec throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the RFC1044 enhancements and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, got sustained 4341 megabyte channel speed media throughput using only modest amount of 4341 CPU (around 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

rfc1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

Early 80s, Asilomar ACM SIGOPS (last one before meetings started wandering around), i432 people had presentation .... one of the things was that putting lots of complex stuff into silicon met that every time there was a bug, they had to ship new silicon. I mentioned that mid-70s I had done a multiprocessor mainframe design with many of the same features built into the machine (dispatch, scheduling, masking number of physical processors, etc), but they were microcoded, so fixes only required sending out floppy disk (never got announce/shipped). In any case, some of their people understood.

At one point IBM Boca contracts with Dataquest (since bought by Gartner) for study of PC market and what it will look like going into the future, including several hour video taped roundtable of silicon valley experts. I had known the person running the study at Dataquest for several years and they asked me to be one of the silicon valley experts. I clear it with my IBM management. Dataquest garbles my identification since I'd been hassling Boca for a number of years (including pontificating on internal forums).

AWD did RS/6000. Their first product started out as replacement for displaywriter and when that got canceled, they retargeted it for the unix workstation market .... getting the company that had done AT&T port to IBM/PC for PC/IX to do one for them. It gets announced as PC/RT and AIX. They did their own PC/RT 16bit AT-bus 4mbit/sec token-ring card.

Role forward to RS/6000, RIOS chipsets, and (32bit) microchannel bus. AWD is told they had to use only PS2 microchannel cards and can't do their own. Turns out that the communication group had kneecapped most of the PS2 cards (PS2s were suppose to be 3270 terminal emulation with 300 or more per 16mbyte T/R). The card thruput of the PS2 microchannel 16mbit token-ring card was less than the PC/RT AT-bus 4mbit token-ring card. (A PC/RT 4mbit T/R server had higher throughput than RS/6000 16mbit T/R server, the joke was if RS/6000 was limited to PS2 cards, for many things it wouldn't be any faster than PS2). The AWD work around to the communication group was to come out with RS/6000 730 workstation which had a VMEbus (communication group had no control over VMEbus cards) ... analogous, but different to the disk division work around of the communication group.

801, risc, romp, rios, blue iliad, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

oh, ha/cmp had started out as ha/6000 .... rs/6000 high availability ... but I renamed it ha/cmp when I started doing technical cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors. One of the issue was ibm mainframe rdbms (system/r and following incarnations, sql/ds and db2) were mainframe only. the RDBMS vendors had vax/cluster support in the same code base as their unix implementation. I did a distributed lock manager that emulated the vax/cluster api semantics (to simplify their port) while "fixing" some number of performance and scaleup issues.

HACMP postts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

A few old posts with SJMN PC & chip articles and some PC prices that I would post to internal forums in late 80s and early 90s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#79
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#80
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#81
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#82

old posts mentioning Dataquest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#55 Moore law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#34 Two subjects: 64-bit OS2/eCs, Innotek Products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#21 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#81 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#0 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#60 more on (the new 40+ yr old) virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#5 Houses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#6 Houses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#69 Intel's Future is integrated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#62 How long before Microsoft goes the way of DEC (and in part, IBM)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#10 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#78 SLIGHTLY OT - Home Computer of the Future (not IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#47 First 5.25in 1GB drive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#44 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#20 9th Feb 2014
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#24 IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#26 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#46 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#94 What would Klinger look like in business attire?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#23 IBM "Breakup"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#26 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#33 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#110 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#113 IBM PS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#0 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#89 Obsolete processors, 286 vs. 386
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#49 PC Personal Computing Market

old posts mentioning i432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#6 Ridiculous
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#27 iAPX432 today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#52 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#60 Will multicore CPUs have identical cores?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#64 Will multicore CPUs have identical cores?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#73 Athlon cache question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#64 Misuse of word "microcode"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#46 Performance and Capacity Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#47 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#42 Why is zSeries so CPU poor?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#44 Any resources on VLIW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#36 Oracle Introduces Oracle VM As It Leaps Into Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#54 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#32 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#22 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#52 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#46 U.S. begins inquiry of IBM in mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#74 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#1 IA64
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#45 IA64
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#8 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#40 Faster image rotation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#22 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#7 RISCversus CISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#91 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#79 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#15 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#42 i432 on Bitsavers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#14 International Business Marionette
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#57 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#80 Still not convinced about the superiority of mainframe security vs distributed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#33 Delay between idea and implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#58 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#75 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#23 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#107 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#62 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#63 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#38 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#61 Typesetting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#28 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#52 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#33 IBM Future System --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

XT/370

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: XT/370
Date: 09 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
I ordered my own IBM/PC when the employee purchase plan was announced .... but delivery took so long that by the time I got it, the street price had dropped below the employee price.

At work, I got an PC/XT with XT/370 cards to work with before announce. Problem was the Motorola 68ks only provided 100kips 370 emulation and there was only 384k 370 memory. Since CP67/CMS days ... VM370/CMS had undergone horrendous bloat in storage requirements and file system disk i/os. The VM370 kernel took up so much storage that running CMS apps would page thrash. Also most CMS apps were extremely heavy disk I/O compared to similar applications specifically developed for PC environment. I did a lot of stuff to cut vm370 fixed storage requirements and cut down on CMS filesystem disk I/Os ... but Endicott still blame me for having to slip announce&ship in order to get the 370 memory upgraded to 512k ... to get it to somewhat tolerable ... all VM370/CMS I/O was passed to a monitor running on the PC for simulation and the XT harddisk best was 100ms or 10 disk I/Os per second. AT/370 was same XT/370 cards (still 100kips 370) but running on a PC/AT with faster hard disks.

When 3278/3274 came out ... they had moved a lot of the terminal hardware back to the shared control unit in order to cut 3278 manufacturing costs. As a result the 3278 coax protocol chatter significantly increased terminal hardware response (.3-.5 seconds) compared to the 3277 (which had consistent .089 hardware response). MVS/TSO didn't notice since their system response was usually well over a second or two ... but this was in the days of all the .25 second response productivity studies and VM370/CMS getting .1-.2 second system response ... plus terminal hardware would make it .189-.289 seen by user. Going to 3278 .3-.5+ (data stream sensitive, .3 for the most simple screen writes) was a radical difference. Complaints to the 3278/3274 product administrator were eventually met with the 3278 was not designed for interactive computing ... its was designed for data entry (i.e. electronic keypunch). This also shows up later with 3277 emulation cards ... even with 3274 controller ... the coax protocol chatter was so much less compared to the 3278 coax protocol chatter, that 3277 emulated terminal had 3-4 times the upload/download throughput of 3278 emulated terminal.

slightly related, part of post in recent another thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market

there was big uptick with customers that had order for tens of thousand of mainframe 3270 terminals ... could replace with IBM/PC for about the same price (with no additional business justification) which could do both 3270 terminal emulation and some local processing in single desk footprint. Started snowball effect with substantial customer base, people wrote more apps, with more apps, people had increasing other justifications for more computers. High markup volumes also encouraged clones eventually turning it into commodity market.

One tipping point was fall that 386sx came out. Foreign clone makers had built up huge inventory of 286 clones for the holiday market ... 386sx .... reducing system chip count and cost, and huge fire sales on the 286 inventory.
https://www.computerworld.com/article/2475341/flashback--remembering-the-386sx.html

30yrs personal computer market, 1975-2005

Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars
and has graph of personal computer sales 1975-1980
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/3
and graph from 1980 to 1984 ... with the only serious competitor to PC in number of sales was commodore 64
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/4
and then from 1984 to 1987 the ibm pc (and clones) starting to completely swamp
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/5

A few old posts with SJMN PC & chip articles and some PC prices that I would post to internal forums in late 80s and early 90s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#79
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#80
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#81
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#82

....

past posts mentioning XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#23 Old IBM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#5 IBM XT/370 and AT/370 (was Re: Computer of the century)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#29 Operating systems, guest and actual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#52 Why not an IBM zSeries workstation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#55 Why not an IBM zSeries workstation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#89 database (or b-tree) page sizes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#28 IBM's "VM for the PC" c.1984??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#19 Very CISC Instuctions (Was: why the machine word size ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#20 Very CISC Instuctions (Was: why the machine word size ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#24 HP Compaq merger, here we go again.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#43 IBM 5100 [Was: First DESKTOP Unix Box?]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#45 IBM 5100 [Was: First DESKTOP Unix Box?]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#4 IBM Mainframe at home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#76 HONE was .. Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#8 Alpha performance, why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#40 IBM system 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#29 BLKSIZE question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#7 Whatever happened to IBM's VM PC software?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#10 Whatever happened to IBM's VM PC software?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#11 Whatever happened to IBM's VM PC software?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#13 Whatever happened to IBM's VM PC software?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#6 Where should the type information be: in tags and descriptors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#10 Where should the type information be: in tags and descriptors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#2 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#36 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#56 DCSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#5 Not Your Dad's Mainframe: Little Iron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#14 RCA Spectra 70/25: Another Mystery Computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#29 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#30 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#1 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#7 Has anyone ever used self-modifying microcode? Would it even be useful?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#25 modern paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#5 Is computer history taugh now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#41 z/VM usability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#61 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#43 Intel Ships Power-Efficient Penryn CPUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#22 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#9 3277 terminals and emulators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#73 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#33 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#38 "True" story of the birth of the IBM PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#46 pc/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#68 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#2 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#18 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#20 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#24 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#36 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#42 Mythical computers and magazine reviews
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#46 Mythical computers and magazine reviews
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#70 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#8 What was the historical price of a P/390?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#10 What was the historical price of a P/390?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#78 Notes on two presentations by Gordon Bell ca. 1998
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#27 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#64 JCL CROSS-REFERENCE Utilities (OT for Paul, Rick, and Shmuel)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#27 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#42 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#74 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#77 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#79 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#8 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#10 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#18 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#30 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#31 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#8 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#67 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#24 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#28 The joy of simplicity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#18 June 1985 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#29 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#7 SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#81 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#82 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#19 68k, where it went wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#48 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES

past posts mention 3277/3272 versis 3728/3274 comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#30 3270 protocol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#43 IBM 3174
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#15 Mainframe Tape Drive Usage Metrics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#28 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#10 what's the difference between LF(Line Fee) and NL (New line) ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#42 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#7 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#10 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#9 3277 terminals and emulators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#19 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#42 Book on Poughkeepsie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#60 ISPF Counter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#50 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#31 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#41 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#44 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#80 3270 Emulator Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#57 So why doesn't the mainstream IT press seem to get the IBM mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#94 coax (3174) throughput
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#41 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#43 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#20 3270 archaeology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#19 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#84 Is there an SPF setting to turn CAPS ON like keyboard key?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#12 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#13 From Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#19 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#3 printer history Languages influenced by PL/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#15 cp67, vm370, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#37 Why File transfer through TSO IND$FILE is slower than TCP/IP FTP ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#61 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#1 3270 response & channel throughput
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#12 HCF [was Re: AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series "Halt &Catch Fire"]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#66 Sequence Numbrs (was 32760?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#25 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#5 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#23 Three Reasons the Mainframe is in Trouble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#106 TSO Test does not support 65-bit debugging?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#38 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#15 Dilbert ... oh, you must work for IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#8 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#42 Old Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#104 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#1 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#25 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#26 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#4 3270 48th Birthday

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM History
Date: 10 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
I remember mentioning "losses" related to Amdahl

1) at science center I would wander around places, including customers, one was one of largest financial IBM datacenters on the east coast ... the guy running the place liked to have me stop by and talk technology. At one point the branch manager horribly offended the customer ... and they were going to retaliate by ordering an Amdahl system ... it would be a lonely Amdahl system in vast sea of IBM systems ... at the time Amdahl was selling into univ. and technical accounts, but this would be the first for a true blue commercial account. I was then asked to go onsite for a year (effectively to help obfuscate why customer was ordering an Amdahl system). The customer agreed that they wouldn't mind having me idle on site ... but it wouldn't make any difference ... and I declined. I was then told that the branch manager was good sailing buddy of the IBM CEO ... and if I didn't do this, I could forget having an IBM career.

recent post mentioning first Amdahl "true blue commercial" install
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM

2) With 3081 ... which was an multiprocessor only machine, that the whole ACP/TPF market which only ran on single processor systems (and didn't have multiprocessor support), would go to Amdahl. At the same time that 3081 was announced, Amdahl announced single processor faster than the later 3081K two processor and a two processor machine faster than the later 3084 four processor. First IBM did some horribly unnatural things to VM370 multiprocessor support to slightly improve ACP/TPF performance running in virtual machine under VM370 on a multiprocessor (but significantly degraded multiprocessor performance for all other customers running VM370 multiprocessor). Eventually IBM ships a 3083, a 3081 with one of the processors removed ... and then does some specialized microcode tweaks specifically for ACP/TPF customers.

recent posts mentioning 811:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#77 How many years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#13 Tandem Memo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#50 Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano

Unrelated about time 3081 was announced I get a head hunter call to interview for technical assistant to the president of another mainframe clone vendor. I think what the heck, why not. Interview was going normally until they start making references to 3081 documents. In the mad rush after FS failed, 3033 and 3081 were Q&D efforts kicked off in parallel. The "811" documents (for their initial Nov1978 publication date) were IBM registered confidential (required be kept under double lock and key and plant security would make random audits) were detailed specifications for 370/xa and I had a complete set. My thot was somebody inside IBM had provided that information (possible somebody in plant security that had list of all registered confidential documents for audit). In order to set record straight, I mentioned about having recently submitted suggestion for the IBM Business Conduct Guidelines because I didn't believe the outlined ethics were strong enough. That effectively ended the interview.

a couple recent 811 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#83 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#115 Assembler :- PC Instruction

Not long later, the government sued the foreign parent company for industrial espionage and I had 3hr interview with FBI (I was on the lobby visitors' list at the company). They must have thot I was real "boy scout" ... over the years I've been talked to about various things ... including in Jan1999 I was asked to try and help stop the coming economic mess (we failed). I was told that some investment bankers had effectively walked away "clean" from the S&L crises and were then running Internet IPO mills (invest few million, hype, then IPO for a few billion, needed to fail to leave field clear for the next round of IPOs) ... and were predicted to get into securitized loans and mortgages next.

economic mess poss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 10 Sep 2019 18:13:01 -1000
maus <mausg@mail.com> writes:
and cars. The japanese have never, as far as I know, said 'sorry' for what happened during the war. The Germans acknowledge what happened, and then what about Dresden?,,

McNamara was LeMay's staff planning fire-bombing of German and Japanese cities, he leaves for the auto industry but comes back as SECDEF for Vietnam and bombing SE Asia (more bombs than WW2). McNamara more recently has said that LeMay told him that if US had lost, it would be them on trial for war crimes.
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/michaeltomasky/2009/jul/06/robert-mcnamara-vietnam
LeMay said, "If we'd lost the war, we'd all have been prosecuted as war criminals." And I think he's right. He, and I'd say I, were behaving as war criminals. LeMay recognized that what he was doing would be thought immoral if his side had lost. But what makes it immoral if you lose and not immoral if you win?
... snip ...

US also hasn't said much about supporting NAZIs for much of the period, John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy, industry and military 1920 through the early 40s.
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

From the law of unintended consequences, when the US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed military and industrial targets in Germany, they got the target information and coordinates from wallstreet.

Later 5000 from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they funded a large propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity (as part of refurbishing their horribly corrupt and venal image)
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
in part, by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance, slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

this almost has Hitler & Stalin in competition killing "civilians", Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin
https://www.amazon.com/Bloodlands-Europe-Between-Hitler-Stalin-ebook/dp/B00B3M3VE6/
loc382-84:
In the middle of Europe in the middle of the twentieth century, the Nazi and Soviet regimes murdered some fourteen million people. The place where all of the victims died, the bloodlands, extends from central Poland to western Russia, through Ukraine, Belarus, and the Baltic States.
... snip ...

some recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
Date: 11 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/08/milton-friedman-shareholder-wrong/596545/
Milton Friedman Was Wrong. The famed economist's "shareholder theory" provides corporations with too much room to violate consumers' rights and trust
... snip ...

Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas
and from Kahneman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman
https://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-Slow-Daniel-Kahneman-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA/
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds/dp/0393254593/
Kahneman, a psychologist got 2002 nobel prize in economics, in part for debunking economic theories that were especially popular with the 1980s administration, appealing theoretical ideas about how people may operate economically, turned out to not be true.

Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/05/meet-economist-behind-one-percents-stealth-takeover-america.html
Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/04/12/economists-are-arguing-over-how-their-profession-messed-up-during-the-great-recession-this-is-what-happened/
Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest
Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in department seminars.

"Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards" goes into the capture of economists in more detail
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
loc72-74:
"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines."

loc957-62:
The AEA was pushed into action by a damning research report into the systematic concealment of conflicts of interest by top financial economists and by a letter from three hundred economists who urged the association to come up with a code of ethics. Epstein and Carrick-Hagenbarth (2010) have shown that many highly influential financial economists in the US hold roles in the private financial sector, from serving on boards to owning the respective companies. Many of these have written on financial regulation in the media or in scholarly papers. Very rarely have they disclosed their affiliations to the financial industry in their writing or in their testimony in front of Congress, thus concealing a potential conflict of interest.
... snip ...

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)
How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html
Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel, even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world." Why did Welch say that?
... snip ...

Men's "Real" Earnings Below 1973 Level: Census Bureau
https://wolfstreet.com/2019/09/10/mens-real-earnings-in-2018-below-1973-womens-real-earnings-up-40-percent/
Destruction of Middle Class
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html
The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization
How GE, GM, Coca-Cola And Kodak Put Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2017/06/29/how-ge-gm-coca-cola-kodak-put-shareholders-ahead-of-employees/
from here (updated July2019)
http://www.epi.org/productivity-pay-gap/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

recent posts mentioning Friedman:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#87 Where Is Everyone???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#115 Economists Should Stop Defending Milton Friedman's Pseudo-science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#107 Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of workers, researchers say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#117 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#100 Destruction of Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
Date: 11 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong

Upheaval
https://www.amazon.com/Upheaval-Turning-Points-Nations-Crisis-ebook/dp/B07H2997W4/
pg180/loc2168-71:
But from 1975 onwards, Pinochet turned over economic management to a group of neo-liberal economic advisors who became known as the Chicago Boys, because many of them had trained at the University of Chicago in association with the economist Milton Friedman. Their policies emphasized free enterprise, free trade, market orientation, balanced budget, low inflation, modernization of Chilean businesses, and reduced government intervention.
... snip ...

People, Power, and Profits: Progressive Capitalism for an Age of Discontent
https://www.amazon.com/People-Power-Profits-Progressive-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B07P92PDLF/
pg90/loc1327-32:
The Chicago School had a disproportionate influence on our politics and our courts. It led to the weakening of antitrust, as courts simply assumed that markets were competitive and efficient, and any behavior that might seem anticompetitive was in fact nothing more than efficient responses to new market complexities. Enormous burdens of proof were placed on anyone trying to claim that a firm had engaged in anticompetitive practices. As one former member of the staff of the Federal Trade Commission (the government agency charged with ensuring a competitive marketplace) put it: "We have to devote all of our energies to proving that water is wet, so that we don't have any resources to attack the real problems in competition."

pg90/loc1336-41:
In the "Chicago" theory, any attempt to raise prices above costs would instantaneously be met by an onslaught of new firm entry (so it was claimed). Accordingly, it would never pay for a firm to engage in predatory pricing because it would never be able to recoup its initial losses by setting prices at a higher-than-competitive level. Courts, buying into the Chicago doctrines, placed a heavy burden of proof on those who claimed that a firm was engaged in predation, so heavy that it became almost impossible to successfully bring a predatory pricing case. 67
... snip ...

new age "robber barons", trivial example is continued increases in pharmaceutical drug prices

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism
Date: 11 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism. Deregulation means a company once run by engineers is now in the thrall of financiers and its stock remains high even as its planes fall from the sky
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/11/boeing-capitalism-deregulation

The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout
Unlike Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas executives somehow took power in what analysts started calling a "reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought Boeing with Boeing's money."
... snip ...

Former Boeing Engineers Say Relentless Cost-Cutting Sacrificed Safety
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-05-09/former-boeing-engineers-say-relentless-cost-cutting-sacrificed-safety

2016 Boeing "century" publication had article that the "merger" with M/D nearly took down Boeing and might yet still. More recent articles about senior safety engineers resigning after the M/D takeover

GE comparison

Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
https://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I/
pg187/loc3667-70:
When Welch took over GE in 1980, it was the ninth most profitable company in the nation. Now it was first, second, or third. Shareholder value reached $500 billion, more than any other company in America. The stock price was Welch's personal measure of achievement, though he later denied it. The boom of the late 1990s on balance sent the wrong message to American managers: cut costs rather than innovate. Despite its appeal, In Search of Excellence had little true staying power.

pg191/loc3754-60:
In 1977, GE Capital, as it was later called, generated $67 million in revenue with only seven thousand employees, while appliances that year generated $100 million and required 47,000 workers. He hired better managers and supplied GE Credit with a lot of capital, and he had built-in scale—meaning large size—due to GE's assets size and triple-A credit rating. In time, GE Capital became a full-fledged bank, financing all kinds of commercial loans, issuing mortgages and other consumer loans, and becoming a leader in mortgage-backed securities. By the time Welch left in 2000, GE Capital's earnings had grown by some eighty times to well more than $5 billion, while the number of its employees did not even double. It provided half of GE's profits.

pg192/loc3777-79:
In a few brief sentences, Welch had defined a new age for big business. He introduced short-run profit management to GE, understanding that stock market investors trusted little so well as rising profits every calendar quarter. It became the best indication of a company's quality, making it stand out in good times and bad.

pg199/loc3909-13:
GE Capital also enabled GE to manage its quarterly earnings, engaging in the last couple of weeks of every calendar quarter in various trades that could push earnings up on the last day or two before the quarter's end. It was an open secret on Wall Street that this was how Welch consistently kept quarterly earnings rising for years at a time. "Though earnings management is a no-no among good governance types," wrote two CNNMoney financial editors, "the company has never denied doing it, and GE Capital is the perfect mechanism."

pg200/loc3925-30:
The CNNMoney writers got it slightly wrong. GE was not exactly like the American economy. It was even more dependent on financial services. In the early 2000s, GE was again riding a financial wave, the subprime mortgage lending boom; it had even bought a subprime mortgage broker. GE borrowed still more against equity to exploit the remarkable opportunities, its triple-A rating giving it a major competitive advantage. By 2008, the central weakness of the Welch business strategy, its dependence on financial over speculation, became ominously clear. GE's profits plunged during the credit crisis and its stock price fell by 60 percent. GE Capital, the main source of its success for twenty-five years, now reported enormous losses

pg200/loc3935-41:
He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.
... snip ...

GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://money.cnn.com/2018/01/18/investing/ge-pension-immelt-breakup/index.html?iid=EL
Not only does GE have the largest pension deficit among S&P 500 companies, that deficit is $11 billion worse than the next closest company, according to Dow Jones S&P Indices. (The $31 billion figure is from the end of 2016. Fresher numbers haven't been released.)
... snip ...

GE Just Signaled The Next Crisis (And Nobody's Paying Attention)
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-01-30/ge-just-signaled-next-crisis-and-nobodys-paying-attention
Welch would regularly beat Wall Street's earnings estimates by a penny or two. And he was named manager of the century by Fortune Magazine for his ability to pump GE's stock.

And while Welch is lauded for his "six sigma" management, it seems his real talent was using GE's many divisions to move assets around and goose earnings to hit short-term numbers.

The creative accounting caught up with GE in 2009, when the company paid $50 million to settle SEC allegations it had used improper accounting methods to boost numbers in 2002 and 2003.

Among the strategies GE used to make its 2003 numbers was selling railroad cars to banks, with side deals and verbal promises to assure the banks they couldn't lose money on the deal.

Enron used the same trick in 1999 when it "sold" Nigerian barges to Merrill Lynch, allowing the company to fake a $12 million profit.

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Boeing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#69 Digital Planes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#38 Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#39 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#69 Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#25 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#2 Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#16 The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#20 The Coming Boeing Bailout?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#39 The Roots of Boeing's 737 Max Crisis: A Regulator Relaxes Its Oversight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#42 Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#60 IBM 360/67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For
Date: 11 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For. Laws meant to curb corporate power and greed are--in the hands of the Trump administration and a conservative Supreme Court--being used against the public good instead.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/09/how-antitrust-became-pro-pollution-tool/597712/

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#32 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#33 Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

book "Glass House"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: book "Glass House"
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 16 Sep 2019 14:06:56 -1000
hancock4 writes:
In many of these raids, the fund 'buys' the business but then saddles the business with heavy unsustainable debt, causing the business to eventually fail and the employees and others to get screwed. The original participants profit handsomely, though.

this draws analogy with "house flipping" with 100% mortgage (except they loot the company instead of fixing it up) and then when sold ... the "loan" stays with the flipped company (instead of being paid off). (can walk away with boat loads of money even if sold for less than bought). It has half corporate defaults are companies currently or previously in private equity mill (what is funny is that the defaults doesn't appear to hurt the credit rating of the original PE borrowers).
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html

AMEX and KKR were in competition for private-equity, LBO, leveraged-buyout of RJR ... and KKR wins:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

KKR runs into problems and hires away the AMEX president to help. IBM has gone into the red and was reorganizing into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board then hires away the former AMEX president ... who reverses the breakup and also uses some of the techniques used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

He then leaves IBM to become head of another large private-equity company (buying up gov. contractors & beltway bandits, hiring prominent politicians to lobby for gov. outsourcing to their companies, including Snowden's employer)
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

companies are under intense pressure to cut corners every way possible to pass money up to their owners .... security clearances were outsourced to companies that were doing the paper work, but not actually doing the background checks.

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, just intelligence: 70% of budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us and significantly
speeding up the spreading success of failure culture, lots more money for for-profit companies in the PE-mills with a series of failures (analogous to military-industrial complex "perpetual war", actually winning a war might reduce the budget) ... claims that it also significantly contributes to the Intelligence failures.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Another example was the OPM website hack/breach ... which had been outsourced to another private-equity owned company. OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
... snip ...

another industry, How Private Equity Bankrupted Seven Major Grocery Chains for Fun and Profit
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/10/private-equity-bankrupted-seven-major-grocery-chains-fun-profit.html

They have also moved into health, buying up hospitals, doctor/dentist practives, retirement/assisted living, etc

Private Equity: The Perps Behind Destructive Hospital Surprise Billing
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/08/private-equity-the-perps-behind-destructive-hospital-surprise-billing.html
Hospital outsourcing of emergency, radiology, anesthesiology, and other departments has provided an opening for physician practices to operate these services as independent organizations. Initially, hospitals outsourced these services to small, local doctors' groups. But over the past decade, private equity firms have become major players -- buying out doctors' practices and rolling them up into large corporate physician staffing firms that provide services to outsourced emergency rooms, anesthesiology and radiology departments, and other specialty units. By 2013, physician staffing firms owned by Blackstone Group and Kohlberg, Kravis Roberts & Co. (KKR) - among the largest PE firms in the country - cornered 30 percent of this market. Since then, private equity ownership of these services has continued to grow. Private equity firms also own two of the three largest emergency ambulance and air transport services - another major source of surprise medical billing.
... snip ...

Private Equity Tries to Protect Another Profit Center. Congress must step in to protect insured patients from unfair and unexpected medical charges.
https://cepr.shorthandstories.com/private-equity-surprise-billing/index.html

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump's Deference to Saudis in Setting Terms for How U.S. Shoul Respond to Attacks Touches a Nerve

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Trump's Deference to Saudis in Setting Terms for How U.S. Shoul Respond to Attacks Touches a Nerve
Date: 16 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Trump's Deference to Saudis in Setting Terms for How U.S. Should Respond to Attacks Touches a Nerve
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/16/us/politics/trump-saudi-tweet.html
His message on Twitter offered a remarkable insight into the deference Mr. Trump gives to the Saudi royal family and touched off a torrent of criticism from those who have long accused him of doing Riyadh's bidding while sweeping Saudi violations of human rights and international norms under the rug.
... snip ...

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

some recent refs regarding love in with Saudis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#24 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#25 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#26 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Big Tech Meets Its Pecora Commission: Why Google's Toughest Opponent Is Now Congress

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Big Tech Meets Its Pecora Commission: Why Google's Toughest Opponent Is Now Congress
Date: 17 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Big Tech Meets Its Pecora Commission: Why Google's Toughest Opponent Is Now Congress
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/big-tech-meets-its-pecora-commission

In Jan1999, I was asked to help and try to stop the coming economic mess (we failed). Decade later (Jan2009), I was asked to HTML'ize (web pages) the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into the '29 crash, resulted in criminal convictions and jailtime, had been scanned the fall before at Boston public library) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it wouldn't be needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill, possibly only 1-2 honest members of congress left).

Incentives (And Sociopaths) Rule The World
https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/incentives-and-sociopaths-rule-world
Ryan Murphy, an economist at Southern Methodist University, recently published a working paper in which he ranked each of the states by the predominance of--there's no nice way to put it--psychopaths. The winner? Washington in a walk. In fact, the capital scored higher on Murphy's scale than the next two runners-up combined.
... snip ...

dealing with Federal LEOs was "yep, they are like that, sociopaths".

Washington, D.C.: the Psychopath Capital of America. A new study ranks each state, plus D.C., by their psychopathic tendencies. The race for first? It isn't even close.
https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/06/23/washington-dc-the-psychopath-capital-of-america-218892

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
Date: 18 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Rondonization: World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon. The development philosophy behind the fires in the Amazon is based on the World Bank funded, Dictatorship era Polonoroeste project, which killed thousands and devastated Rondonia's rainforest. To Bolsonaro and his military aids, there was nothing wrong with it.
http://www.brasilwire.com/rondonization-world-bank-dictatorship-and-the-amazon/

world bank appears to always have played a major role in EHM; The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man (John Perkins)
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
Economic Hit Man
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
which extends back at least to WAR IS RACKET
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket

More EHM
https://www.bkconnection.com/bkblog/jeevan-sivasubramaniam/five-examples-of-how-economic-hit-men-still-operate-globally-today
More EHM, including against our own people
https://www.yesmagazine.org/new-economy/more-confessions-of-an-economic-hit-man-this-time-theyre-coming-for-your-democracy-20160318

including the economic mess last decade, "Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

and "why rigged capitalism is damaging liberal democracy". Economies are not delivering for most citizens because of weak competition, feeble productivity growth and tax loopholes
https://www.ft.com/content/5a8ab27e-d470-11e9-8367-807ebd53ab77
The Fall of the Meritocracy. Ultra-educated, highly paid, overworked elites are not partners in the struggle to reform an unequal system.
https://newrepublic.com/article/154692/meritocracy-trap-overworked-elites-book-review

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Crash Course

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Crash Course
Date: 20 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Crash Course
https://newrepublic.com/article/154944/boeing-737-max-investigation-indonesia-lion-air-ethiopian-airlines-managerial-revolution
Sorscher had spent the early aughts campaigning to preserve the company's estimable engineering legacy. He had mountains of evidence to support his position, mostly acquired via Boeing's 1997 acquisition of McDonnell Douglas, a dysfunctional firm with a dilapidated aircraft plant in Long Beach and a CEO who liked to use what he called the "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers: Hire them for a few months when project deadlines are nigh, fire them when you need to make numbers. In 2000, Boeing's engineers staged a 40-day strike over the McDonnell deal's fallout; while they won major material concessions from management, they lost the culture war. They also inherited a notoriously dysfunctional product line from the corner-cutting market gurus at McDonnell.
... snip ...

The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout
Unlike Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas executives somehow took power in what analysts started calling a "reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought Boeing with Boeing's money."
... snip ...

Former Boeing Engineers Say Relentless Cost-Cutting Sacrificed Safety
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-05-09/former-boeing-engineers-say-relentless-cost-cutting-sacrificed-safety

2016 Boeing "century" publication had article that the "merger" with M/D nearly took down Boeing and might yet still. More recent articles about senior safety engineers resigning after the M/D takeover. Disclaimer: I worked for Boeing before graduation and joining IBM Science Center at MIT.

recent Boeing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#28 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#48 OT: Farewell to 747 in U.S. service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#117 F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#21 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#25 OFF TOPIC: Spring Break, 1947
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#109 JSF/F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#52 Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#97 George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#22 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#29 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#32 12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#35 OT: Postal Service seeks record price hikes to bolster falling revenues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#75 CP67 & EMAIL history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#81 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#69 Digital Planes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#38 Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#39 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#69 Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#25 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#2 Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#16 The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#20 The Coming Boeing Bailout?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#39 The Roots of Boeing's 737 Max Crisis: A Regulator Relaxes Its Oversight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#42 Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#60 IBM 360/67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#33 Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#34 The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
Date: 20 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/17/us/politics/dni-whistleblower-complaint.html

more intelligence whistleblowers ...

How the Pentagon punished NSA whistleblowers
http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/may/22/how-pentagon-punished-nsa-whistleblowers
Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
https://theintercept.com/2017/02/10/former-cia-analyst-sues-defense-department-to-vindicate-nsa-whistleblowers/

After turn of century, private equity buying up beltway bandits and goverment contractors and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource/privatize federal government, just intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people. The for-profit subsidiaries are under intense pressure to cut corners to push profit up to their PE owners ... outsourcing security clearances to companies found to be filling out paper work, but not actually doing background checks
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and accelerating the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (more profit from a series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

including Gerstner after leaving IBM to head up major private-equity company that will acquire the beltway bandit that will employee Snowden as well as some former agency directors ("revolving door").
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster.
... snip ...

We were involved ... although we didn't know it at the time. There was unclassified BAA from IC-ARDA (now IARPA) that basically said that nothing they had did the job ... and we got a call just before it closed, asking if we could get a response in (nobody else had responded). We got a response in, had a couple of meetings summer 2002, demonstrating we could do what was needed, and then nothing. It wasn't until we saw the success of failure article, that we began to suspect what went on. Disclaimer: i've never worked for government and/or had clearance. Note there is possibility the person that called us was disciplined/reassigned.

NPC Luncheon with Thomas Drake, NSA Whistleblower
http://www.press.org/events/npc-luncheon-thomas-drake-nsa-whistleblower
wiki page:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Andrews_Drake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ThinThread
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trailblazer_Project

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

past posts mentioning IC-ARDA:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#57 Beyond Snowden: A New Year's Wish For A Better Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#76 Should New Limits Be Put on N.S.A. Surveillance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#61 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#26 Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#32 (External):Re: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#62 The NSA's back door has given every US secret to our enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#96 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#64 Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#35 Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#5 NSA Deputy Director: Why I Spent the Last 40 Years In National Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#101 Nice article about MF and Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#23 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#11 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#6 The Pentagon Is Building a Dream Team of Tech-Savvy Soldiers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#49 Pentagon harbors culture of revenge against whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Corporations Are People

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Corporations Are People
Date: 22 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Originally corporations were non-profit organizations, could be created specifically for a public works project and then may be disbanded after completion ... and were given various kinds of privileges as part of workiing in the public interest. Then after establishment of US, private interests wanted the same privileges extended to for-profit entities that operated in self-interest (rather than the public good). They then lobbied hard to get for-profit, self-interest corporations to have privileges granted people/citizens under the constitution and bill-of-rights ("self-interest", "for-profit" corporations as people), including scamming the Supreme Court to get rulings in their favor.
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.
... snip ...

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporation%E2%80%99s-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

Trivia: after WW2 there was conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#74 Employers escape sanctions, while the undocumented risk lives and prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#1 The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Corporations Are People

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Corporations Are People
Date: 22 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
Originally, US corporations were entities that operate in public interest, but then certain factions wanted those rights extended to entities that can operate in self interest as well "people" rights under constitution. pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pgxviii/loc132-36:
For most of American history, the Supreme Court failed to protect the dispossessed and the marginalized, with the justices claiming to be powerless in the face of hostile public sentiment. As we will see, however, the court's record on corporate rights was much different. In 1809, the Supreme Court decided the first case on the constitutional rights of corporations, decades before the first comparable cases for women or racial minorities. And unlike women and minorities, who lost nearly all of their early cases, corporations won that first case--and have compiled an impressive list of victories in the years since.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.

pg120|loc1975-78:
The railroad corporations were constitutional first movers who employed innovative tactics to secure new rights. They envisioned the lawsuits as a form of strategic litigation, or what their lawyers called "test cases," to determine whether corporations had the same rights as ordinary people to equal protection and due process under the Fourteenth Amendment.

pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
... snip ...

The former Senator argued before the Supreme court that examination of the notes by those doing the 14th amendment was that they originally intended to explicitly include corporations. A number of decades later, when those notes were reexamined in detail, they found there was no intention to include corporations ... but by that time there had been extensive prior supreme court rulings (railroads had scammed the supreme court on behalf of corporations) ... furthering "corporations are people" and covered by the constitution.

note that John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.
... snip ...

The post WW2 replay at the Waldorf-Astoria ... somewhat was in part to rewrite history regarding the June 1940 celebration at Waldorf-Astoria

some recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Corporations Are People

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Corporations Are People
Date: 22 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People

One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
The provocative and authoritative history of the origins of Christian America in the New Deal era.

We're often told that the United States is, was, and always has been a Christian nation. But in One Nation Under God, historian Kevin M. Kruse reveals that the belief that America is fundamentally and formally Christian originated in the 1930s.

To fight the "slavery" of FDR's New Deal, businessmen enlisted religious activists in a campaign for "freedom under God" that culminated in the election of their ally Dwight Eisenhower in 1952. The new president revolutionized the role of religion in American politics. He inaugurated new traditions like the National Prayer Breakfast, as Congress added the phrase "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance and made "In God We Trust" the country's first official motto. Church membership soon soared to an all-time high of 69 percent. Americans across the religious and political spectrum agreed that their country was "one nation under God."

Provocative and authoritative, One Nation Under God reveals how an unholy alliance of money, religion, and politics created a false origin story that continues to define and divide American politics to this day

... snip ...

The Coming of the American Behemoth: The Origins of Fascism in the United States, 1920 -1940
https://www.amazon.com/Coming-American-Behemoth-Origins-Fascism/dp/1583677321
Most people in the United States have been trained to recognize fascism in movements such as Germany's Third Reich or Italy's National Fascist Party, where charismatic demagogues manipulate incensed, vengeful masses. We rarely think of fascism as linked to the essence of monopoly-finance capitalism, operating under the guise of American free-enterprise. But, as Michael Joseph Roberto argues, this is exactly where fascism's embryonic forms began gestating in the United States, during the so-called prosperous 1920s and the Great Depression of the following decade. Drawing from a range of authors who wrote during the 1930s and early 1940s, Roberto examines how the driving force of American fascism comes, not from reactionary movements below, but from the top, namely, Big Business and the power of finance capital. More subtle than its earlier European counterparts, writes Roberto, fascist America's racist, top-down quashing of individual liberties masqueraded as "real democracy," "upholding the Constitution," and the pressure to be "100 Percent American."
... snip ...

The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004
The truth, then, is that Long and Coughlin, together with the influential Communist Party and other leftist organizations, helped save the New Deal from becoming genuinely fascist, from devolving into the dictatorial rule of big business. The pressures towards fascism remained, as reactionary sectors of business began to have significant victories against the Second New Deal starting in the late 1930s. But the genuine power that organized labor had achieved by then kept the U.S. from sliding into all-out fascism (in the Marxist sense) in the following decades.
... snip ...

aka "Coming of America Fascism" shows countering the "New Deal" becoming fascist ... which had been the objective of the capitalists ... and possibly contributed to forcing them further into the Nazi/fascist camp.

recent "America Fascism" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Corporations Are People

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Corporations Are People
Date: 22 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People

Railroads (& railroaded) played major role in this

'Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2018/03/corporations-people-adam-winkler/554852/
Railroad hyperbole echoes all the way down to the dot-com frenzy
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pg77/pg1984-86:
By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.

pg510/loc10030-33:
The result was not only unneeded railroads whose effects were as often bad as beneficial but also corruption of the markets and the government. The men who directed this capital were frequently not themselves capitalists. They were entrepreneurs who borrowed money or collected subsidies. These entrepreneurs did not invent the railroad, but they were inventing corporations, railroad systems, and new forms of competition. Those things yielded both personal wealth and social disasters.

pg515/loc10118-22:
The need to invest capital and labor in large amounts to maintain and upgrade what had already been built was one debt owed to the past, but the second one was what Charles Francis Adams in his days as a reformer referred to as a tax on trade. All of the watered stock, money siphoned off into private pockets, waste, and fraud that characterized the building of the railroads created a corporate debt that had to be paid through higher rates and scrimping on service. A shipper in 1885 was still paying for the frauds of the 1860s.
... snip ...

recent railroaded posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Corporations Are People

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Corporations Are People
Date: 22 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#44 Corporations Are People

In the Oct2008 congressional hearings into the role that the credit rating agencies played in the economic mess (selling triple-A rating on things they knew weren't worth triple-A, significantly enabling being able to sell over $27T securitized loans/mortgages into the bond market, 2001-2008), they mentioned that the problems really started when the rating agencies' business model became mis-aligned and it is significantly harder to regulate a business when they are motivated to do the wrong thing. The ratings are for the benefit of the buyer ... and previously were paid for by the buyer ... but then the rating agencies changed to the sellers paying for the ratings ... resulting in rating agencies interests aligned with the sellers (not the buyers). Some conjecture this started to happen about the time that IDC (out in Waltham) bought the pricing services division from one of the major credit rating agencies.

trivia: spring of 2008, some investors began to suspect that rating agencies were "selling" ratings ... and none of their ratings could be trusted ... which totally froze the muni-bond market. Finally, Warrren Buffet steps in and starts offering muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market.

trivia2: Jan2009 when there was still the facade that TARP funds were appropriated to buy offbook toxic assets (securitized loans/mortgages), there was brief mention that IDC would be evaluating the offbook toxic assets value for purchase (pricing services division). There were several issue, at least 1) triple-A rating trumps loan/mortgage supporting documents and they had been doing no-documentation, liar loans/mortgages (so there was almost no information on which to base asset valuation), 2) only $700B had been appropriated and just the four largest too big to fail were still carrying $5.2T in offbook toxic assets YE2008, 3) several operations discovered they could design securitized loans/mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell into the bond market and take out CDS gambling bets they would fail. The largest holder of these gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by the SECTREAS.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
Date: 22 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#40 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress

The whistleblower complaint has Congress and Trump at an impasse. Here's what the law says.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2019/09/22/whistleblower-complaint-has-congress-trump-an-impasse-heres-what-law-says/

An attorney forced out of the CIA's watchdog office is representing the Trump whistleblower
https://news.yahoo.com/an-attorney-forced-out-of-the-ci-as-watchdog-office-is-representing-the-trump-whistleblower-190706953.html
Democrats Intensify Calls For Potential Impeachment Over Whistleblower Complaint
https://www.npr.org/2019/09/22/763178552/democrats-intensify-calls-for-potential-impeachment-over-whistleblower-complaint
Timeline: The Trump whistleblower complaint
https://thehill.com/policy/national-security/462464-timeline-the-trump-whistleblower-complaint
Whistleblowers In The News
https://www.whistleblowers.org/news_categories/in-the-news/

"whistleblower" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

king sized ash tray "the good life" 1967 job ad

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: king sized ash tray "the good life" 1967 job ad
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 24 Sep 2019 21:17:47 -1000
hancock4 writes:
I don't think Xerox bought WU. A number of companies considered buying WU, but after they looked into it, they weren't interested.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Union#20th_century
In 1963, Western Union organized its international cable system properties and its right-of-way for connecting international telegraph lines into a separate company called Western Union International (WUI) which it divested that year to American Securities. In 1967 WUI underwent an IPO. In 1979 it was sold to Xerox for $207 million in stock. Xerox would later sell WUI in 1981 for $185 million in cash to MCI Communications which renamed it to MCI International and moved its headquarters from New York City to Rye Brook, New York.
... snip ...

In 1992, AMEX spun off much of its financial services outsourcing and mainframe datacenters as First Data Corporation in the largest IPO up until that time

In mid-90s, FDC and First Financial were in competition to buy WU and FDC drops out (because of WU poor financial health). Later FDC and First Financial merge (and FDC has to divest MoneyGram as part of the merger).

After the turn of the century there is huge explosion in companies bringing in illegal workers over the border and corresponding explosion in WU revenue from illegal workers sending paychecks home. By 2005 (5yrs), WU revenue had exploded to the point that it was as large as all the rest of FDC revenue (half of total, including merger with First Financial and its other mergers). Possibly in part because the president of Mexico invited FDC executives to Mexico to be thrown in jail (for how much WU was making off Mexican workers), FDC spins off WU as independent company.

other recent WU posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#74 Employers escape sanctions, while the undocumented risk lives and prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#84 Steve King Devised an Insane Formula to Claim Undocumented Immigrants Are Taking Over America

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economic Mess and Regulations

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Economic Mess and Regulations
Date: 25 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
disclaimer: Jan1999, I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). I was told some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a couple billion, need to fail, leaving the field open for the next round), and were predicted to get into securitized loans&mortgages next.

I was to improve the integrity of securitzed loans/mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. However, they then found they could pay the rating companies for triple-A (when the rating companies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans/mortgages, securitize, pay for triple-A, and immediately sell into the bond market (major contributor to being able to do over $27T 2001-2008).

From the law of unintended consequences, one of the few consequences of the economic mess was tens of billions in fines for running robo-signing mills that were fabricating the missing documents (some joke that it turned out to be trivial cost of doing business, less than one percent of the $27+T). That was even mostly a scam, the fines were suppose to go to victims, in many cases fines turned over to companies to administer, that were run by many of the original predators (most of the billions evaporates before it ever gets to any victims).

VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair because he was
fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis along with other
members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade, Bush2 is president and presides over perpetual wars and the economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis.

(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

Jan2009 (decade later), I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into the '29 crash, had been scanned fall2008 at boston public library) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash, that there are no more than 2-3 honest members of congress left).

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley (2002)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarbanes%E2%80%93Oxley_Act
would prevent furture ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors do jailtime, but it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, they started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reports, even showing fraudulent financial reporting even increased after SOX went into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

There were jokes that congress never intended SEC to do anything, that SOX really was enormous auditing gift to the industry because congress felt badly that one of the big five audit companies went out of business. Less well known is that SOX also contained a provision for SEC to do something about the credit rating agencies ... but SEC appeared to do about as much about the rating agencies (and sale of triple-A ratings) as they did about fraudulent financial reporting.

Enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

In the Madoff congressional hearings they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in). Congress asked him if new regulations were needed. He responded that while new regulations might be needed, much more important was transparency and visibility (possibly because SEC was doing little with the regulations it had).

Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

Two of people I had worked with at Oracle had left and were at small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server" ... and we were brought in as consultants because they wanted to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also done this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Somewhat for having done "electronic commerce" got asked to be on the X9A10 financial standard committee which had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial industry for ALL retail payments. One of the other X9A10 participants was from NSCC (before they merged with DTC to form DTCC) and asked me to look at improving the integrity of trading floor transactions. I do some work on it and then am told that it was being suspended. A side effect of the integrity work would have greatly increased transparency and visibility ... anathema to wallstreet culture ... claims were that something like 30% of transactions can't stand the light of day (this was before HFT which has greatly exacerbated the problem).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economic Mess and Regulations

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Economic Mess and Regulations
Date: 25 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#48 Economic Mess and Regulations

Congress apparently eventually decided that it needed to show it was doing something about the economic mess with Dodd-Frank ... but it was mostly a facade. Wallstreet helped with objective that Dodd-Frank had to be 1) overly complex and obtuse to guarantee that it might take decades to figure out how to translate into regulation (by which time, it would have faded from public mind and giving them plenty of time to reverse the legislation) and 2) wallstreet lobbiests were constantly authoring provisions, providing them to congress to include in Dodd-Frank drafts, two categories: a) things in wallstreet interest and b) "ridiculous" provisions which would be leaked, and the same lobbiests (that initially authored the provisions) would then publicly ridicule them (part of discrediting the whole Dodd-Frank process). Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street (gone 404, but lives on at waybank machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20180617161440/http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/
http://www.thenation.com/article/174113/how-wall-street-defanged-dodd-frank
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/how-wall-street-killed-financial-reform-20120510
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/05/josh-rosner-on-how-dodd-frank-institutionalizes-too-big-to-fail.html
http://billmoyers.com/segment/gretchen-morgenson-on-why-banks-are-still-too-big-to-fail/

there seems to be big uptic in the technique ... staging something attributed to the other side in order to criticize and discredit.

#1 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html
Dodd "friends of angelo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_.28FOA.29_VIP_program

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

dodd-frank posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#67 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#71 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#86 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#25 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#48 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#15 Is the SEC Covering Up Wall Street Crimes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#43 I don't work for IBM and I don't make promises I can't deliver on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#28 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#71 Don't Dump the Volcker Rule Just Because It's Not Perfect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#1 Banks Awash in Cash, Which Isn't Good News
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#73 A question for the readership
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#135 Estimate that WW1 cost $52B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#32 Wall Street Bonuses May Reach Lowest Level in 3 Years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#16 Interview of Mr. John Reed regarding banking fixing the game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#65 Why Wall Street Should Stop Whining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#32 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#1 The Dallas Fed Is Calling For The Immediate Breakup Of Large Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#86 CISPA legislation seen by many as SOPA 2.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#10 Accidentally Released - and Incredibly Embarrassing - Documents Show How Goldman et al Engaged in 'Naked Short Selling'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#12 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#56 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#81 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#83 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#41 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#48 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#60 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#50 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#56 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#65 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#62 Taleb On "Skin In The Game" And His Disdain For Public Intellectuals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#4 Libor Lies Revealed in Rigging of $300 Trillion Benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#71 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#73 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#45 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#55 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#79 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#19 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#32 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#38 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#8 copyright, was Re: 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#20 Despite Eight Ongoing Criminal/Civil Investigations of JPMorgan, the Bank's a Law Enforcement Partner With the NYPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#30 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#33 Power grid groans, blackouts roll through L.A. area as heat wave nears peak
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#63 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#55 Piketty Shreds Marginal Productivity as Neoclassical Justification for Supersized Pay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#110 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#150 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#81 Stanford Law School Covers Up SEC's Andrew Bowden's Embarrassing Remarks by Deep-Sixing Conference Video
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#11 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#75 Hillary Remains Clueless About Regulation on the 28th Anniversary of the Keating Five Meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#82 How Wall Street captured Washington's effort to rein in banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#14 Paying CEOs fat bonuses for stock performance doesn't work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#13 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#102 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#16 There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#34 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#69 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#73 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#8 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#10 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#58 Drafting of Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#78 More Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#15 BREAKING: Trump Announces Big Gift To Banks Despite His Campaign Rhetoric Against Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#41 Are We Nearing a Cyber Sarbanes-Oxley?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#13 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#16 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#41 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#48 Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#54 Mary Jo White Seriously Misled The US Senate To Become SEC Chair
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#25 Hamilton and "Fake News"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#36 Trump's S.E.C. Nominee Disclosure Offers Rare Glimpse of Clients and Conflicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#87 Dodd-Frank Was Designed to Fail - and Trump Will Make it Worse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#98 I.R.S. Enlists Debt Collectors to Recover Overdue Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#23 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#42 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#8 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#42 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#49 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#85 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#100 Why CEO pay structures harm companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#106 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#108 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#45 "Subprime Is Contained" (& Other Evidence That "They Really Don't Know What They're Doing")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#60 Pareto efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#101 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#108 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#55 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#72 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#54 Testing Progressives, Centrist Dems Team Up with GOP to Deregulate Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#58 Wall Street Wants to Kill the Agency Protecting Americans From Financial Scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#64 Wages and Productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#60 Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#0 Congress Is About to Do a Big Favor for Private Equity Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#25 Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#26 House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#35 How Two House Democrats Defended Helping the GOP Weaken Dodd-Frank Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#10 Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#56 Too Rich to Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#37 You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#85 Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#5 Why Has The U.S. CEO-To-Worker Pay Ratio Increased So Much?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economic Mess and Regulations

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Economic Mess and Regulations
Date: 25 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#48 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations

The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For. Laws meant to curb corporate power and greed are--in the hands of the Trump administration and a conservative Supreme Court--being used against the public good instead.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/09/how-antitrust-became-pro-pollution-tool/597712/

Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/08/milton-friedman-shareholder-wrong/596545/
Milton Friedman Was Wrong. The famed economist's "shareholder theory" provides corporations with too much room to violate consumers' rights and trust
... snip ...

Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas
and from Kahneman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman
https://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-Slow-Daniel-Kahneman-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA/
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds/dp/0393254593/
Kahneman, a psychologist got 2002 nobel prize in economics, in part for debunking economic theories that were especially popular with the 1980s administration, appealing theoretical ideas about how people may operate economically, turned out to not be true.
... snip ...

Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/05/meet-economist-behind-one-percents-stealth-takeover-america.html
Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/04/12/economists-are-arguing-over-how-their-profession-messed-up-during-the-great-recession-this-is-what-happened/
Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.
... snip ...

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest
Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in department seminars.
... snip ...

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

recent Friedman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#100 Destruction of Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#32 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#34 The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
Date: 26 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
https://politicaldig.com/big-pharma-ceo-says-profits-over-people/

183 Republicans vote against making prescription drugs cheaper
https://shareblue.com/republicans-vote-against-reducing-prescription-drug-costs/

Note that the big change in deficit and debt was after Republican congress lets fiscal responsibility act (spending can't exceed tax revenue, eliminated deficit and on its way to eliminating all federal debt) lapse in 2002. The first major legislation passed after 2002 fiscal responsibility act lapse was medicare part-d in 2003. US Comptroller General described it as enormous gift to the drug industry that (could) come to be a long-term $40T that totally swamps all other budget items. CBS 60mins did a segment at the time, looking at the 18 Republicans responsible for getting the legislation passed ... within six months after passage, all 18 had resigned and were on drug industry payroll. That just before the final vote, they had inserted one sentence change to the bill and prevented CBO from distributing effect of the change ... which prevented competitive bidding. CBS showed medicare part-d products that were three times the price of identical products under competitive bidding.

By 2005, comptroller of the federal government was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). CBO 2010 report that 2003-2009, tax revenue was cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for a $12T gap compared to fiscal responsibility budget. Sort of confluence of federal reserve and Too Big To Fail wanting huge federal debt, wallstreet and special interests wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex wanting enormous spending increase. This also the administration and congress that look the other way regarding all the stuff happening during the economic mess ... and the fabrication justifying the two (now perpetual) wars.

Medicare Part-D posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#f#medicare.part-d
fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
comptroller general posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

recent related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#48 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations

The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For. Laws meant to curb corporate power and greed are--in the hands of the Trump administration and a conservative Supreme Court--being used against the public good instead.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/09/how-antitrust-became-pro-pollution-tool/597712/

Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/08/milton-friedman-shareholder-wrong/596545/
Milton Friedman Was Wrong. The famed economist's "shareholder theory" provides corporations with too much room to violate consumers' rights and trust
... snip ...

Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas

and from Kahneman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman
https://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-Slow-Daniel-Kahneman-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA/
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds/dp/0393254593/
Kahneman, a psychologist got 2002 nobel prize in economics, in part for debunking economic theories that were especially popular with the 1980s administration, appealing theoretical ideas about how people may operate economically, turned out to not be true.
... snip ...

Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/05/meet-economist-behind-one-percents-stealth-takeover-america.html
Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/04/12/economists-are-arguing-over-how-their-profession-messed-up-during-the-great-recession-this-is-what-happened/
Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.
... snip ...

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest
Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in department seminars.
... snip ...

Upheaval
https://www.amazon.com/Upheaval-Turning-Points-Nations-Crisis-ebook/dp/B07H2997W4/
pg180/loc2168-71:
But from 1975 onwards, Pinochet turned over economic management to a group of neo-liberal economic advisors who became known as the Chicago Boys, because many of them had trained at the University of Chicago in association with the economist Milton Friedman. Their policies emphasized free enterprise, free trade, market orientation, balanced budget, low inflation, modernization of Chilean businesses, and reduced government intervention.
... snip ...

People, Power, and Profits: Progressive Capitalism for an Age of Discontent
https://www.amazon.com/People-Power-Profits-Progressive-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B07P92PDLF/
pg90/loc1327-32:
The Chicago School had a disproportionate influence on our politics and our courts. It led to the weakening of antitrust, as courts simply assumed that markets were competitive and efficient, and any behavior that might seem anticompetitive was in fact nothing more than efficient responses to new market complexities. Enormous burdens of proof were placed on anyone trying to claim that a firm had engaged in anticompetitive practices. As one former member of the staff of the Federal Trade Commission (the government agency charged with ensuring a competitive marketplace) put it: "We have to devote all of our energies to proving that water is wet, so that we don't have any resources to attack the real problems in competition."

pg90/loc1336-41:
In the "Chicago" theory, any attempt to raise prices above costs would instantaneously be met by an onslaught of new firm entry (so it was claimed). Accordingly, it would never pay for a firm to engage in predatory pricing because it would never be able to recoup its initial losses by setting prices at a higher-than-competitive level. Courts, buying into the Chicago doctrines, placed a heavy burden of proof on those who claimed that a firm was engaged in predation, so heavy that it became almost impossible to successfully bring a predatory pricing case. 67
... snip ...

new age "robber barons", trivial example is continued increases in pharmaceutical drug prices

regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Trump Tweeted About Civil War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why Trump Tweeted About Civil War
Date: 30 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Why Trump Tweeted About Civil War. What began as trollish shorthand for political polarization has gone mainstream.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/30/opinion/trump-civil-war.html
As outlandish and extreme as it is, warning of a looming civil war is a familiar talking point across the pro Trump media. It's part of a growing tradition of right wing fear mongering --Vox's Dylan Matthews referred to it last year as "apocalypse punditry"-- moving easily from the online fever swamps to the Oval Office and back again. So it wasn't surprising, yet deeply troubling to see the President tweet a warning from a pastor on Sunday night of "a Civil War like fracture in this Nation" should he be removed from office.

Invoking civil war, even indirectly, was once a third rail of modern US presidential rhetoric. Though Trump in the past has openly toyed with illiberal notions (ignoring term limits, not accepting election results should he lose), his casual suggestion that his ouster might lead to bloodshed felt like uncharted territory. It doesn't matter that we're not on the brink of a civil war. The threat as outlined by right wing media is intended to inspire fear in liberals and conservatives alike.

For conservatives, it's the notion that Democrats will stop at nothing to get rid of Mr. Trump and will marshal the forces of the "deep state" to right the wrongs of the 2016 election.

For liberals, it is a warning: Don't push churchgoing, gun-loving conservatives too far, or there will be dangerous consequences

...
Civil war rhetoric increased sharply during the Obama administration, led, in part, by anti-government radicals like Cliven Bundy. In 2014, the conservative radio host Michael Savage released a book, "How to Stop the Coming Civil War," which argued that "Obama's election to the presidency in 2008 might represent the final nail in the coffin of freedom."
... snip ...

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama_citizenship_conspiracy_theories
These claims were promoted by fringe theorists (pejoratively referred to as "birthers"), most prominent among whom was Donald Trump, who would later become the 45th president of the United States. Some theorists sought court rulings to declare Obama ineligible to take office, or to grant access to various documents which they claimed would support such ineligibility; none of these efforts were successful.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
Date: 30 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
https://www.c4isrnet.com/intel-geoint/sensors/2019/09/30/stealthy-no-more-a-german-radar-vendor-says-it-tracked-the-f-35-jet-in-2018-from-a-pony-farm/

F35 was originally designed as bomb truck, taking out anti-air facilities, with F22 flying cover ... compared to original prototype ... stealth design was cost reduced (compromised) to just forward & below.
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-JSF-Analysis.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/jsf.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html

Pieces of F22 was parceled out to large number of congressional district (making it more difficult to cancel) ... however, it gets canceled anyway:
http://nypost.com/2009/07/17/cant-fly-wont-die/

Note a similar production strategy was used for F35, parceled out pieces all over the country. Without the F22 cover, alternate strategy for F35 is large numbers of F35 attacking a target or enemy aircraft with advanced stand-off missiles ... since radar is quickly obsoleting what little "low observable" characteristics that F35 has.

2011 (before latest generation chips) tutorial on DSP, FFT, Radar (part 3), References most advanced requires 3 Tflops/sec, beyond then current technology
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278838
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278878
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278931

Spring of 2015, DOD puts latest computer technologies on export restriction list. At fall 2015 supercomputer conference, China demonstrates they are now making their own advanced computer components (used in supercomputers, military radar and other applications).

YE2017 article referencing that latest generation of self driving cars have more than 100 times the processing (mentioned in 2011), needed to do real time targeting (rather than just tracking) of stealth aircraft.
https://www.fastcompany.com/40479260/nvidia-debuts-a-new-supercomputer-to-power-robotic-taxis-and-delivery-trucks

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#31 Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
Date: 30 Sept 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#40 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#46 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress

America's Final Patriots: An Interview + Book Review of Crisis of Conscience: Whistleblowing in an Age of Fraud by Tom Mueller (Riverhead Books, 2019)
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/09/americas-final-patriots-an-interview-book-review-of-crisis-of-conscience-whistleblowing-in-an-age-of-fraud-by-tom-mueller-riverhead-books-2019.html
The whistleblower Bill Binney, described by Mueller as "one of the NSA's greatest living code-breaking mathematicians" (p. 467), states the matter aphoristically: "Keep the problem going, to keep the money flowing" (p. 472).
... snip ...

Binney
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Binney_(intelligence_official)
along with Drake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Andrews_Drake

and the rapidly spreading success of failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

quote is very similar to one of Boyd's famous quotes, John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'
... snip ...

we had been involved in the success of failure ... but didn't realize it until the articles were published ... In 2002 there was a BAA by IC-ARDA (since rename IARPA) that basically said nothing the agency had did the job. We get a phone call just before it closes and asked to respond. We hadn't been aware of the BAA, but get a response in and have a couple of meetings showing we could do what was required ... and then all goes quiet, no further communication. It wasn't until the success of failure articles that we began to suspect what was going on. We conjectured that the BAA was allowed to be released and when nobody responded, it would shutup the analysts complaints. disclaimer: I've never worked for the gov. and/or had clearance ... however the agencies have used my software back to when I was an undergraduate in the 60s (although I didn't know it at the time).

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
"whistleblower" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stock Buybacks Threaten Economic Growth

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Stock Buybacks Threaten Economic Growth
Date: 01 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
Stock Buybacks Threaten Economic Growth, Economist William Lazonick on what's been behind the growth in companies buying back their own stock--and why sentiment is shifting away from the practice today.
https://www.worth.com/stock-buybacks-threaten-economic-growth/

nearly all of recent tax cuts that went to corporations was used for stock buybacks (and not economic investment as originally claimed)

Share buyback machine now in overdrive -- dropping a strong hint at what CEOs plan to do with tax savings
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/share-buybacks-spike-dropping-a-strong-hint-at-what-ceos-plan-to-do-with-tax-savings-2017-12-08
How Much Can Buybacks Rise on Tax Cuts? This Estimate Says 70%
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-01-03/how-much-can-buybacks-rise-on-tax-cuts-this-estimate-says-70
Buyback binge is going strong, but here is why they are not the solution
https://www.cnbc.com/2017/02/21/buyback-binge-is-going-strong-but-here-is-why-they-are-not-the-solution.html
The Ugly Truth Behind Stock Buybacks
https://www.forbes.com/sites/aalsin/2017/02/28/shareholders-should-be-required-to-vote-on-stock-buybacks/
For most of the 20th century, stock buybacks were deemed illegal because they were thought to be a form of stock market manipulation. But since 1982, when they were essentially legalized by the SEC, buybacks have become perhaps the most popular financial engineering tool in the C-Suite tool shed.
... snip ...

7 Reasons Stock Buybacks Should Be Illegal (again)
https://investorplace.com/2019/02/7-reasons-stock-buybacks-should-be-illegal/
The SEC, operating under the Reagan Republicans, passed rule 10b-18, which made stock buybacks legal. Up until the passing of this rule, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 considered large-scale share repurchases a form of stock manipulation.
... snip ...

Share Buybacks and the Contradictions of "Shareholder Capitalism"
https://americanaffairsjournal.org/2018/12/share-buybacks-and-the-contradictions-of-shareholder-capitalism/
Big Tech's Big Tax Ruse: Industry Splurges on Buybacks
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-04-14/big-tech-s-big-tax-ruse-industry-splurges-on-buybacks-not-jobs

After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
https://www.fool.com/investing/general/2016/04/25/after-forking-out-110-billion-on-stock-buybacks-ib.aspx

year ago ... still doing buybacks ... but will shift focus needing it for redhat purchase.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/ibm-to-buy-back-up-to-4-billion-of-its-own-shares

Uptic with Gerstner and continued, but after turn of century saw big surge, not only IBM, but lots of other corporations.

Stockman (Reagan's budget director in the 80s) in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Code of Capital: How the Law Creates Wealth and Inequality

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Code of Capital: How the Law Creates Wealth and Inequality
Date: 01 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Code of Capital: How the Law Creates Wealth and Inequality
https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/lsereviewofbooks/2019/09/26/book-review-the-code-of-capital-how-the-law-creates-wealth-and-inequality-by-katharina-pistor/

Center for Public Integrity launches inequality team
https://publicintegrity.org/inside-publici/center-for-public-integrity-launches-inequality-team/
U.S. Inequality Reached Highest Level in 50 Years: Census
https://time.com/5686765/income-inequality-census-gini-index/
High wealth inequality linked with greater support for populist leaders
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-09/afps-hwi093019.php
Census: US inequality grew, including in heartland states
https://apnews.com/bfa51032ee27470c9f908914328eea99
United States Income Inequality Continues to Surge
https://johnhively.wordpress.com/2019/09/27/united-states-income-inequality-continues-to-surge/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
Date: 01 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/01/us/politics/white-supremacy-homeland-security.html

Dept. of Homeland Security Names White Supremacy a Domestic Terrorist Threat. After increasing pressure from extremism researchers, the DHS finally admits fighting white supremacist terrorism is a priority
https://www.rollingstone.com/culture/culture-news/homeland-security-white-supremacy-domestic-terrorism-threat-888748/
Last year, a spokesperson for the ADL testified that 39 out of the 50 extremist-related attacks that took place last year were committed by white supremacists, as opposed to just one instance of a jihadi-related violent attack
... snip ...

White nationalism-fueled violence is on the rise, but FBI is slow to call it domestic terrorism. When the feds choose not to classify attacks carried out by white nationalists as domestic terrorism, investigations into these crimes are stripped of resources.
https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/white-nationalism-fueled-violence-rise-fbi-slow-call-it-domestic-n1039206
Trump Administration Is Making It Harder to Find Out Whether It's Fighting White Supremacist Terror
https://theintercept.com/2019/06/08/white-supremacist-domestic-terrorism-fbi-justice/

U.S. Law Enforcement Failed to See the Threat of White Nationalism. Now They Don't Know How to Stop It.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/03/magazine/FBI-charlottesville-white-nationalism-far-right.html
There were no current intelligence reports he could find on the alt-right, the sometimes-violent fringe movement that embraces white nationalism and a range of racist positions. The state police couldn't offer much insight. Things were equally bleak at the federal level. Whatever the F.B.I. knew (which wasn't a lot, Stout suspected), they weren't sharing. The Department of Homeland Security, which produced regular intelligence and threat assessments for local law enforcement, had only scant material on white supremacists, all of it vague and ultimately not much help. Local politicians, including the governor, were also in the dark. This is like a Bermuda Triangle of intelligence, Stout thought, incredulous. He reached out to their state partners. "So you're telling us that there's nothing? No names we can plug into the automatic license-plate readers? No players with a propensity for violence? No one you have in the system? Nothing?"
... snip ...

as per above, subject article/issue was DHS (aka homeland security) and domestic terror and DHS wasn't tracking white nationalists/supremacists even though responsible for 39 of the 50 (78%) domestic terrorist attacks (and there was only one jihadi related attack).

This says white nationalists/supremacists were responsible for 73% since 2001.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrorism_in_the_United_States

There are lots of terror groups in other parts of the world, not operating in the US that aren't DHS (homeland security) responsibility ... but subject of the article was that DHS wasn't even tracking the white nationalists/supremacists responsible for the majority of all the terrorist acts in the US

This has 74% of extremism-related murders were committed by right-wing extremists over the past decade ... compared to 2% by left-wing (antifi?)
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/trump-antifa-teror-group-white-supremacy-violent-white-supremacists-a9035106.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
Date: 01 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#57 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding

from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, (Bush) Family Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism
The majority of Sunni and Shia Muslims worldwide disagree with the interpretation of Wahhabism, and many Muslims denounce them as a faction or a "vile sect".[7] Islamic scholars, including those from the Al-Azhar University, regularly denounce Wahhabism with terms such as "Satanic faith".[33] Wahhabism has been accused of being "a source of global terrorism",[34][35] inspiring the ideology of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),[36] and for causing disunity in Muslim communities by labelling Muslims who disagreed with the Wahhabi definition of monotheism as apostates[37] (takfir) and justifying their killing.[38][39][40] It has also been criticized for the destruction of historic shrines of saints, mausoleums, and other Muslim and non-Muslim buildings and artifacts.[41][42][43]
... snip ...

Why Jamal Khashoggi Was Killed. A whisper campaign against him tried to blur the truth: that he criticized certain U.S-Arab alliances, and paid the price.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/why-jamal-khashoggi-was-killed/
In 2005 I arranged to have lunch with Jerry Jones, special assistant to then SecDef Donald Rumsfeld. For the outset of our meeting, Jones, a gangly and affable Texan who'd served in influential positions in several Republican administrations, detailed the challenges facing the US military in Anbar that year, 2005. US military deaths were spiking with no end in sight. "We're in trouble," Jones concluded.

While much of this was known at the time, Jones's narrative stunned me. "Are you telling me that we're losing the war in Iraq?" I asked.

Jones chuckled and shook his head: "Losing? We're not only losing," he said, "we're on the wrong side."

... snip ...

both Iran and Iraq have been anti-Wabbabism and fighting them

Fareed had May2017 segment on Saudi Arabia is supporting world wide wahhabism ... which is "extreme" version of Islam ... including ISIS. There seems to be a conflict here, lot of Wahhabi seems to be anti-Saudi gov because of their relationships with the US & the west, but also claims that Saudi money for Wahhabi is bribes/tributes to take their activities elsewhere.

Fareed also had something like 96% of world-wide extreme Islam terrorism is Wahhabi related and that Iran is one of the major forces fighting Wahhabi extremism (highlighting US war on terror supporting Saudi and opposing Iran).

You Can't Understand ISIS If You Don't Know the History of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/alastair-crooke/isis-wahhabism-saudi-arabia_b_5717157.html

Initially, families of 9/11 victims were prohibited suing the Saudi gov for 9/11 responsibility. That was changed in fall of 2013 ... apparently because of big uptic in fracking and getting off Saudi oil dependency.

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims
http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/

Note that the current administration seems to be having bigger love in with the Saudis than the Bushes.
https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/national-security/top-11-favors-trump-administration-has-done-saudi-arabia-n1026926
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/global-opinions/trump-once-again-chooses-mohammed-bin-salman-over-congress/2019/05/28/e8e4f85e-815a-11e9-933d-7501070ee669_story.html
https://www.newsweek.com/gop-senator-saudi-arabia-trump-complete-violation-1448801
https://www.businessinsider.com/trump-congress-saudi-arabia-dealings-2019-6
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jun/25/trump-saudi-arabia-toadyism-richard-wolffe
Trump's Deference to Saudis in Setting Terms for How U.S. Should Respond to Attacks Touches a Nerve
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/16/us/politics/trump-saudi-tweet.html
His message on Twitter offered a remarkable insight into the deference Mr. Trump gives to the Saudi royal family and touched off a torrent of criticism from those who have long accused him of doing Riyadh's bidding while sweeping Saudi violations of human rights and international norms under the rug.
... snip ...

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.

pg96/loc1373-75:
On the other hand, invading Iraq stunned me. Why were we fighting them again? I was unaware of the discussions in Washington linking Al Qaeda to Saddam. There was broad consensus among international intelligence agencies that he possessed chemical weapons.
... snip ...

Iran is (and Iraq was) anti-Wahhabi.

The original justification for Iraq invasion was support of Al-Qaeda (and it would only cost $50B, now passing 100 times that), but that then switched to WMDs. Before invasion, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US and Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd

recent wahhabi posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#25 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#26 Radical Muslim
--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
Date: 01 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#40 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#46 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#54 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress

Stop Attacking the Right to Report. Both the Inspector General and the Whistleblower Followed the Law
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2019/10/right-to-report/ The whistleblower's allegations were largely corroborated with a summarized partial transcript of the phone call. Given the confusion--and perhaps deliberate disinformation--regarding whistleblower disclosures, and specifically the requirements for intelligence community whistleblowers to make disclosures to the inspector general, it's particularly important for Congress, as well as the media covering this breaking news, to separate fact from fiction in this complicated area of the law.

It's not new to see the motivations of whistleblowers and inspectors general questioned when their disclosures are politically inconvenient.
... snip ...

... aka obfuscation and misdirection, shifting the focus, unable to attack the message, discredit the messenger

An Inspector General Just Nuked Trump's Go-to Attack on the Ukraine Whistleblower. Another right-wing smear targeting the whistleblower who exposed Trump's Ukraine interference scandal falls apart
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/trump-whistleblower-ukraine-disinformation-right-wing-mccarthy-graham-893214/

As Impeachment Moves Forward, Trump's Language Turns Darker. "Treason" is a word the president has increasingly used when talking about his critics.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/01/us/politics/trump-treason-impeachment.html

Trump falsely calls impeachment probe 'a coup' designed to strip citizens of rights in wild Twitter tirade. Outburst comes as administration officials agree to provide testimony
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/trump-impeachment-latest-coup-tweet-democrats-ukraine-call-a9128866.html

whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Reviewing The China Mission

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Reviewing The China Mission
Date: 01 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
#Reviewing The China Mission
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2019/10/2/reviewing-the-china-mission
Like NATO in Afghanistan, Americans in China may actually have increased Communist support, making their presence a contributing factor to an already unwinnable situation.

China Mission
https://www.amazon.com/China-Mission-Marshalls-Unfinished-1945-1947/dp/0393240959/

Milton Miles book ("A Different Kind of War") first half was about going into china to setup coastal watchers but then spent much of the rest training 50,000 guerrillas fighting the Japanese. He then spends the last half of the book about how OSS (Donovan) and Army (Wedemeyer) gave china to the communists. They came in and wanted to take over the whole (nationalists) operation. State, US Navy and Nationalists rebuffed them, so to get something they could take credit for, they support the communists.
https://www.amazon.com/different-kind-war-little-known-guerrilla/dp/B0007IYOFW/
https://books.google.com/books/about/A_Different_Kind_of_War.html?id=U4pBAAAAIAAJ

Miles also castigates Marshall for supporting Wedemeyer during this period. He also refers to (from the law of unintended consequences) towards the end of WW2, the Chinese Army Units in Japanese occupied terroritory tried to come over to the nationalist and the US Army vetoed it, so they went over to the communists. It was these Chinese Army units that were sent to fight in North Korea.

What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China; Marshall couldn't stop the Chinese Civil War, but what did he learn?
https://thediplomat.com/2019/05/what-george-marshall-learned-from-his-time-in-china/
Shortly after the end of World War II, President Truman dispatched one of his most senior military officers, General George Marshall, to China in order to broker a peace between Nationalist and Communist factions. Truman and Marshall believed peace to be possible, and (influenced to some extent by the U.S. Army mission during the war), Marshall believed that leaning on Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalists was the best way to achieve this peace. By 1947 Marshall would leave China, the civil war in full swing and his mission in shambles.

The book has Marshall&Wedemeyer very close ... and then beginning red scare era, Wedemeyer was telling Marshall one thing and the McCarthy people something else
https://www.amazon.com/China-Mission-Marshalls-Unfinished-1945-1947/dp/0393240959/
loc5495-99:
Others joined in McCarthy's crusade. Wedemeyer helped quietly at first, and then, having whispered darkly about Marshall ever since the canceled ambassadorship, went public. Wedemeyer's self-congratulatory memoir alleged that exhaustion and intellectual shortcomings had made Marshall "easy prey to crypto-Communists, or Communist sympathizing sycophants, who played on his vanity to accomplish their own ends." Marshall's China mission, according to Wedemeyer, caused the Nationalists to become "so disheartened and demoralized by our attitude that they finally ceased to resist the Communists."
... snip ...

Marshall is SECSTATE (1947-1949) and State puts out white paper trying to absolve State of blame for giving China to the communists
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/

Other Pearl (& China) trivia, Stalin had 500 divisions fighting nearly all of German military and was afraid that Japan might attack from the east ... opening up a second front. Stalin wanted US to come in against Japan (making sure Japan had limited resources to open up a 2nd front against the Soviet Union). US assistant SECTREAS Harry Dexter White was operating on behalf of the Soviet Union and Stalin sends White a draft of demands for US to present to Japan that would provoke Japan into attacking US and drawing US into the war.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
demands were included in the Hull Note which Japan received just prior to decision to attack Perl Harbor, hull note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
More Venona
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project

also: Another example of White acting as an agent of influence for the Soviet Union was his obstruction of an authorized $200 million loan to Nationalist China in 1943, which he had been officially instructed to execute. ... contributing to Nationalist loosing China.

Benn Stein in "The Battle of Bretton Woods" spends pages 55-58 discussing "Operation Snow".
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/
pg56/loc1065-66:
The Soviets had, according to Karpov, used White to provoke Japan to attack the United States. The scheme even had a name: "Operation Snow," snow referring to White.
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning "A Different Kind of War"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#86 What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#72 This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
Date: 03 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/10/what-gandhi-believed-is-the-purpose-of-a-corporation.html
If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.
... snip ..

Originally corporations were non-profit organizations, could be created specifically for a public works project and then may be disbanded after completion ... and were given various kinds of privileges as part of workiing in the public interest. Then after establishment of US, private interests wanted the same privileges extended to for-profit entities that operated in self-interest (rather than the public good). They then lobbied hard to get for-profit, self-interest corporations to have privileges granted people/citizens under the constitution and bill-of-rights ("self-interest", "for-profit" corporations as people), including scamming the Supreme Court to get rulings in their favor.
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.
... snip ...

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporation%E2%80%99s-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

Trivia: after WW2 there was conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#12 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#14 The PDP11 and subsequent influences
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#29 Unreadable code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#53 IBM/PC Uptake
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#55 Bureaucracy and Agile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#86 Trump's tax law threatens charities. The poor will pay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#2 After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#12 For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#37 You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#44 Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#45 What is ALEC? 'The most effective organization' for conservatives, says Newt Gingrich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#49 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#50 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#55 Most Corrupt Institution on Earth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#65 The Government is Hard at Work Keeping Tax Preparation Complicated and Expensive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#72 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#73 The Brawl in IBM 1964
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#85 Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#88 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#89 How Private Equity Is Turning Public Prisons Into Big Profits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#92 MVS Boney Fingers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#93 IBM Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#23 DB2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#35 Transition to cloud computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#42 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#47 Day of Reckoning for KPMG-Failures in Ethics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#53 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#59 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#60 America's Monopoly Crisis Hits the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#81 'Groundbreaking' Study Shows Federal $15 Minimum Wage Would Not Cause Job Losses in Low-Wage States
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#4 IBM Midrange today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#10 IBM Midrange today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#16 The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#17 No budget. On the brink of default. It's a hell of a way to run a country
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#63 IBM 3330 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#64 How the Supreme Court Is Rebranding Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#69 Decline of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#74 Employers escape sanctions, while the undocumented risk lives and prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#96 PROFS and Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#100 Destruction of Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#102 Trump tells Republicans he may begin cutting social security and Medicare if he wins in 2020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#119 IBM Acronyms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#1 The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#10 The 16919 Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#28 XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#32 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#34 The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#36 Trump's Deference to Saudis in Setting Terms for How U.S. Shoul Respond to Attacks Touches a Nerve
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#44 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#45 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#47 king sized ash tray "the good life" 1967 job ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#55 Stock Buybacks Threaten Economic Growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 03 Oct 2019 13:22:42 -1000
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Many people did take the Communist threat seriously. Had that not been the case, McCarthyism could not have gotten any traction.

And McCarthyism, of course, divided America. Communism really was a threat, but people who, in the 1930s, were fooled by Stalin's propaganda while they were looking for a better way than the one that had caused so much misery with the Great Depression... they weren't enemies of America, and many ordinary Americans knew that.

But after McCarthyism was finally defeated, the damage was done: many of the Americans who opposed McCarthyism also concluded that Communism couldn't really be a threat - all those who said it was intended to misuse it, they were inclined to suspect.

I do not like a failure to respond rationally to real threats.


recent book review of Marshalls mission to china trying to bring nationalists and communists together.

#Reviewing The China Mission
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2019/10/2/reviewing-the-china-mission
Like NATO in Afghanistan, Americans in China may actually have increased Communist support, making their presence a contributing factor to an already unwinnable situation.
... snip ...

China Mission
https://www.amazon.com/China-Mission-Marshalls-Unfinished-1945-1947/dp/0393240959/

I've been posted reference to Miles book before

Milton Miles book ("A Different Kind of War") first half was about going into china to setup coastal watchers but then spent much of the rest training 50,000 guerrillas fighting the Japanese. He then spends the last half of the book about how OSS (Donovan) and Army (Wedemeyer) gave china to the communists. They came in and wanted to take over the whole (nationalists) operation. State, US Navy and Nationalists rebuffed them, so to get something they could take credit for, they support the communists.
https://www.amazon.com/different-kind-war-little-known-guerrilla/dp/B0007IYOFW/
https://books.google.com/books/about/A_Different_Kind_of_War.html?id=U4pBAAAAIAAJ

Miles also castigates Marshall for supporting Wedemeyer during this period. He also refers to (from the law of unintended consequences) towards the end of WW2, the Chinese Army Units in Japanese occupied terroritory tried to come over to the nationalist and the US Army vetoed it, so they went over to the communists. It was these Chinese Army units that were sent later to fight in North Korea.

The book has Marshall&Wedemeyer very close ... and then beginning red scare era, Wedemeyer was telling Marshall one thing and the McCarthy people something else loc5495-99:

Others joined in McCarthy's crusade. Wedemeyer helped quietly at first, and then, having whispered darkly about Marshall ever since the canceled ambassadorship, went public. Wedemeyer's self-congratulatory memoir alleged that exhaustion and intellectual shortcomings had made Marshall "easy prey to crypto-Communists, or Communist sympathizing sycophants, who played on his vanity to accomplish their own ends." Marshall's China mission, according to Wedemeyer, caused the Nationalists to become "so disheartened and demoralized by our attitude that they finally ceased to resist the Communists."

... snip ...

Marshall is SECSTATE (1947-1949) and State puts out white paper trying to absolve State of blame for giving China to the communists
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/

Other Pearl (& China) trivia, Stalin had 500 divisions fighting nearly all of German military and was afraid that Japan might attack from the east ... opening up a second front. Stalin wanted US to come in against Japan (making sure Japan had limited resources to open up a 2nd front against the Soviet Union). US assistant SECTREAS Harry Dexter White was operating on behalf of the Soviet Union and Stalin sends White a draft of demands for US to present to Japan that would provoke Japan into attacking US and drawing US into the war.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
demands were included in the Hull Note which Japan received just prior to decision to attack Perl Harbor, hull note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
More Venona
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project

also: Another example of White acting as an agent of influence for the Soviet Union was his obstruction of an authorized $200 million loan to Nationalist China in 1943, which he had been officially instructed to execute. ... contributing to Nationalist loosing China.

a few a.f.c. refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#56 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers

note that John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Then after WW2 there was replay of the NYC Waldorf-Astoria conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 03 Oct 2019 13:51:32 -1000

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
wrote War Is A Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
Was invited to participate in military/fascists overthrow of the US Gov. ... and blew the whistle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot
In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country. No evidence was presented and this committee had none to show a connection between this effort and any fascist activity of any European country. There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient.
... snip ...

... aka it was not "un-american activity" ... purely an american fascist effort.
https://timeline.com/business-plot-overthrow-fdr-9a59a012c32a?gi=4a89a8a04b7d
Also implicated in the plot was Al Smith, former New York governor and 1928 Democratic presidential nominee, as well as Prescott Bush, a banker, future Connecticut senator, and father to George H. W. Bush and grandfather to George W. Bush.
... snip ...

The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004
The truth, then, is that Long and Coughlin, together with the influential Communist Party and other leftist organizations, helped save the New Deal from becoming genuinely fascist, from devolving into the dictatorial rule of big business. The pressures towards fascism remained, as reactionary sectors of business began to have significant victories against the Second New Deal starting in the late 1930s. But the genuine power that organized labor had achieved by then kept the U.S. from sliding into all-out fascism (in the Marxist sense) in the following decades.
... snip ...

aka "Coming of America Fascism" shows countered the "New Deal" becoming fascist ... which had been the objective of the capitalists ... and possibly contributed to forcing them further into the Nazi/fascist camp.

Other US Fascist ref
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/aug/17/fascism-history-united-states
https://monthlyreview.org/2017/06/01/the-origins-of-american-fascism/
https://designobserver.com/feature/when-america-leaned-fascist/40005/

other trivia: the members of congress behind the neutrality law claimed it was in reaction to the enormous US war profiteering they saw in WW1. Then many capitalist had neutrality respun as isolationism (because it was interfering with their war profiteering).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Capitalism as we know it is dead

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Capitalism as we know it is dead
Date: 04 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
'Capitalism as we know it is dead'

I really strongly believe that capitalism as we know it is dead...that we're going to see a new kind of capitalism and that new kind of capitalism that's going to emerge is not the Milton Friedman capitalism that's just about making money.
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/salesforce-founder-marc-benioff-says-capitalism-as-we-know-it-is-dead-2019-10-04

it has been a problem ever since corporations that didn't work in the public interest

The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America/dp/1610395239/
Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong. The famed economist's "shareholder theory" provides corporations with too much room to violate consumers' rights and trust.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/08/milton-friedman-shareholder-wrong/596545/

economic mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

recent capitalism, corporations, and/or Friedman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#12 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#20 Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#21 Financial Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#53 IBM/PC Uptake
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#55 Bureaucracy and Agile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#86 Trump's tax law threatens charities. The poor will pay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#2 After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#11 For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#12 For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#37 You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#40 Has Privatization Benefitted the Public?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#41 Capitalism Gone Wild
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#42 Capitalism Gone Wild
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#44 Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#45 What is ALEC? 'The most effective organization' for conservatives, says Newt Gingrich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#48 7 Charts Exposing The Nation's Pension Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#49 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#50 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#55 Most Corrupt Institution on Earth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#63 The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#65 The Government is Hard at Work Keeping Tax Preparation Complicated and Expensive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#72 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#85 Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#87 Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#89 How Private Equity Is Turning Public Prisons Into Big Profits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#93 IBM Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#99 Student Loan Forgiveness Program Offers False Hope, Rejects 99% of Applications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#34 Adding to Planetary Alarm Bells, Top US Finance Official Warns Climate Crisis a Recipe for Global Economic Collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#35 Transition to cloud computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#42 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#53 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#56 It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#59 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#60 America's Monopoly Crisis Hits the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#81 'Groundbreaking' Study Shows Federal $15 Minimum Wage Would Not Cause Job Losses in Low-Wage States
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#83 Americans Die Younger Despite Spending the Most on Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#87 The 1% has so much money they literally don't know what to do with it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#9 Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#11 CalPERS Sleaze Watch: Showcases Criminal Ex-General "Betray-Us" as Keynote Speaker at Offsite
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#17 No budget. On the brink of default. It's a hell of a way to run a country
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#23 A Deadly Heat Wave After the Hottest June On Record: How the Climate Crisis Is Creating 'a New Normal'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#30 Nobel Economist Angus Deaton: Inequality is Destroying Democratic Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#43 Private Equity: The Perps Behind Destructive Hospital Surprise Billing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#45 Sand and Steel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#46 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#50 Recent climate and heat news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#69 Decline of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#74 Employers escape sanctions, while the undocumented risk lives and prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#86 The Hottest July, How Climate Change is Breaking Temperature Records in 2019
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#87 How nuclear weapons research revealed new climate threats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#88 CEO compensation has grown 940% since 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#100 Destruction of Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#102 Trump tells Republicans he may begin cutting social security and Medicare if he wins in 2020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#1 The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#10 The 16919 Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#21 Private Equity and Surprise Medical Billing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#32 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#33 Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#34 The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#35 book "Glass House"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#36 Trump's Deference to Saudis in Setting Terms for How U.S. Shoul Respond to Attacks Touches a Nerve
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#38 World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#39 Crash Course
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#44 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#45 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#54 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#55 Stock Buybacks Threaten Economic Growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Fed Is Offering $100 Billion a Day in Emergency Loans to Unnamed Banks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Fed Is Offering $100 Billion a Day in Emergency Loans to Unnamed Banks
Date: 04 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Fed Is Offering $100 Billion a Day in Emergency Loans to Unnamed Banks and Congress Is Not Curious Enough to Hold a Hearing
https://wallstreetonparade.com/2019/09/the-fed-is-offering-100-billion-a-day-in-emergency-loans-to-unnamed-banks-and-congress-is-not-curious-enough-to-hold-a-hearing/
The Federal Reserve Bank of New York first initiated its emergency overnight loans to Wall Street this year on Tuesday, September 17, starting off at the rate of $75 billion daily. It then increased its loans by adding, in addition to the $75 billion daily, 14-day term loans in the amount of $30 billion to be offered three times this past week. But after the demand for the first 14-day loan was more than double the $30 billion offered, the New York Fed boosted the next term loans to $60 billion and increased its overnight loans to $100 billion.
... snip ...

There's Nothing Normal About the Fed Pumping Hundreds of Billions Weekly to Unnamed Banks on Wall Street: "Somebody's Got a Problem"
https://wallstreetonparade.com/2019/10/theres-nothing-normal-about-the-fed-pumping-hundreds-of-billions-weekly-to-unnamed-banks-on-wall-street-somebodys-got-a-problem/
Congressional committees should have been instantly on top of the Fed's actions when they first started on September 17 because the Fed had gone completely rogue from 2007 to 2010 in funneling an unfathomable $29 trillion in revolving loans to Wall Street and global banks without authority or even awareness from Congress. The Fed also fought a multi-year court battle with the media in an effort to keep its giant money funnel a secret.
... snip ...

... after economic mess implodes, TARP $700B supposedly to aid banks by buying their offbook toxic assets ... was facade and used mainly for other stuff (just four largest Too Big To Fail were still carrying $5.2T(!) in offbook toxic assets YE2008, so $700B was hardly drop in bucket). The real bailout was FED buying trillions in offbook toxic assets and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds

Note when the FED lost legal battle to disclose what it was doing, Fed Chariman Bernanke called press conference and said that he had expected TBTF to use the tens of trillions in ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't he had no way to force them ... but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds ... they were just buying treasuries and pocketing the interest (to work, it needed the enormous debt that was run up since the turn of the century). Note that Bernanke was supposedly selected in part for being a depression era scholar ... however the FED had tried something similar then (with the same results), so Bernanke should have had no expectations of different results this time.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated offbook) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
ZIRP fund posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
FED chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

reposted numerous times in the past: 2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed tax revenue, eliminated deficit and on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report has 2003-2009, tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. Sort of confluence of federal reserve and Too Big To Fail wanting huge federal debt, wallstreet and special interests wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex wanting enormous spending increase.

fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Four Takeaways on Trump's New Medicare Executive Order

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Four Takeaways on Trump's New Medicare Executive Order
Date: 04 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
Four Takeaways on Trump's New Medicare Executive Order
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/four-takeaways-trump-medicare-executive-222403752.html
Trump didn't do much to really protect Medicare longer-term: "When asked about how the Trump administration would help assure Medicare's sustainability in the long term, something officials said was part of the president's executive order, health officials pointed to reductions in premiums for prescription drugs and reductions in 'burdensome' regulations," Leonard writes. "Seema Verma, administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, said on Twitter that overhauling regulations would save almost $6 billion over the next decade." But Medicare's projected financing shortfall is much, much bigger than that, totaling some $40 trillion over the next 75 years.
... snip ...

Trump's Executive Order is a Backdoor Privatization of Medicare
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/10/trumps-executive-order-is-a-backdoor-privatization-of-medicare.html
US Gross National Debt Jumps by $1.2 Trillion in Fiscal 2019, to $22.7
https://wolfstreet.com/2019/10/01/us-gross-national-debt-jumps-by-1-2-trillion-in-fiscal-2019-to-22-7-trillion-106-5-of-gdp/

Note that the big change in deficit and debt was after Republican congress lets fiscal responsibility act (spending can't exceed tax revenue, eliminated deficit and on its way to eliminating all federal debt) lapse in 2002. The first major legislation passed after 2002 fiscal responsibility act lapse was medicare part-d in 2003. US Comptroller General described it as enormous gift to the drug industry that (could) come to be a long-term $40T that totally swamps all other budget items. CBS 60mins did a segment at the time, looking at the 18 Republicans responsible for getting the legislation passed ... within six months after passage, all 18 had resigned and were on drug industry payroll. That just before the final vote, they had inserted one sentence change to the bill and prevented CBO from distributing effect of the change ... which prevented competitive bidding. CBS showed medicare part-d products that were three times the price of identical products under competitive bidding.

By 2005, comptroller of the federal government was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). CBO 2010 report that 2003-2009, tax revenue was cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for a $12T gap compared to fiscal responsibility budget. Sort of confluence of federal reserve and Too Big To Fail wanting huge federal debt, wallstreet and special interests wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex wanting enormous spending increase. This also the administration and congress that look the other way regarding all the stuff happening during the economic mess ... and the fabrication justifying the two (now perpetual) wars.

medicare part-d posts
http://www.garlic.comm/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d
fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 05 Oct 2019 09:53:01 -1000
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
Blatant brutality per se has never disqualified anyone from being "friends" of the US. Witness Franco's Spain, Duarte's Philippines, Pinochet, Argentina's "dirty war", Sigmun Rhee, etc.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

or even required. When the newly elected democratic government wanted to review the Anglo-Persian contract, US arranged coup and backed Shah as front
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr%2E
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the dreaded secret police to keep Shah in power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK
and the savage suppression eventually led to revolt.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_Revolution

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started before WW1 with move from 13.5in to 15in naval guns (leading to moving from coal to oil) loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.
... snips ...

Then US backs Iraq in the Iran-Iraq war ...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

Iraq2, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, and Rumsfeld is SECDEF

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, (Bush) Family Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

May2017, CNN/Fared had segment on Saudi Arabia is supporting world wide wahhabism ... which is "extreme" version of Islam ... including ISIS. There seems to be a conflict here, lot of Wahhabi seems to be anti-Saudi gov because of their relationships with the US & the west, but also claims that Saudi money for Wahhabi is bribes/tributes to take their activities elsewhere. Fareed also had something like 96% of world-wide extreme Islam terrorism is Wahhabi related and that Iran is one of the major forces fighting Wahhabi extremism (highlighting US war on terror supporting saudi and opposing Iran).

Mattis more PC (political correct) about Iran, brutal US-backed dictators, and Saudi/Wahhabi
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

Initially, families of 9/11 victims were prohibited suing the Saudi gov for 9/11 responsibility. That was changed in fall of 2013 ... apparently because of big uptic in fracking and getting off Saudi oil dependency.

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims
http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/

after 9/11, US points fingers at anti-Wahhabi countries to invade, anybody but those responsible.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 05 Oct 2019 10:16:22 -1000
maus <mausg@mail.com> writes:
Oversnippped, but, as far as I have read, correct. A soviet spy in Japan pre-WWII had discovered that Japanese covernment had already decided to attack to the South rather than into Russia, which when crises came , Dec 1941. allowed transfer of troops from Siberia to the Moscow front, spies name was, As far as I remember, Sorge (?sorrow). Been reading recently that there were over one milllion Japanese 'settlers' in Manchuria in 1945, who disappeared quickly after.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

Roosevelt apparently didn't believe he could beat Japan w/o Stalin's help and had deal with Stalin to come in against Japan after Germany had been defeated.

1.5M Soviets military quickly defeated 1M Japanese soldiers in Manchuria
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_invasion_of_Manchuria
... compared to US heavy naval baombardment and 600K military in long battle against 76K Japanese in Okinawa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Okinawa

The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
https://www.thenation.com/article/why-the-us-really-bombed-hiroshima/
Indeed, it would have been surprising if they had: Despite the terrible concentrated power of atomic weapons, the firebombing of Tokyo earlier in 1945 and the destruction of numerous Japanese cities by conventional bombing had killed far more people. The Navy Museum acknowledges what many historians have long known: It was only with the entry of the Soviet Union's Red Army into the war two days after the bombing of Hiroshima that the Japanese moved to finally surrender. Japan was used to losing cities to American bombing; what their military leaders feared more was the destruction of the country's military by an all-out Red Army assault.
... snip ...

and The Bomb Didn't Beat Japan ... Stalin Did. Have 70 years of nuclear policy been based on a lie?
https://foreignpolicy.com/2013/05/30/the-bomb-didnt-beat-japan-stalin-did/
Attributing the end of the war to the atomic bomb served Japan's interests in multiple ways. But it also served U.S. interests. If the Bomb won the war, then the perception of U.S. military power would be enhanced, U.S. diplomatic influence in Asia and around the world would increase, and U.S. security would be strengthened. The $2 billion spent to build it would not have been wasted. If, on the other hand, the Soviet entry into the war was what caused Japan to surrender, then the Soviets could claim that they were able to do in four days what the United States was unable to do in four years, and the perception of Soviet military power and Soviet diplomatic influence would be enhanced. And once the Cold War was underway, asserting that the Soviet entry had been the decisive factor would have been tantamount to giving aid and comfort to the enemy.
... snip ...

An alternative history is that dropping the bombs wasn't to bring Japanese to surrender, but to warn off the Red Army (which was within days of invading Japanese homeland, while US wouldn't be ready to do that for several more months).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 05 Oct 2019 11:23:33 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Seems to be a Russian national characteristic. The tsars were paranoid, and now Putin and his crew. I could see some rivalry and competition, it would be good for both of us (even if smaller countries might get trampled when the elephants danced), but it seems like they automatically oppose us on every issue, even when cooperation would benefit both of us.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#68 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

From CSPAN, talks about extraordinary cooperation between US & Russia military in the 90s, 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
https://www.c-span.org/video/?419918-3/implementation-nunnlugar-ac
Nunn-Lugar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nunn%E2%80%93Lugar_Cooperative_Threat_Reduction

Then "Is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on looting the country (and Russians needed somebody to oppose US looting). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20130211131020/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

I had been somewhat sucked into a little of this ... objective to establish 5,000 brick&monitor bank branches in Russia @$1M ($5B total), as part of establishing (real) capitalism (involving complex sequence of resource transactions). Before it got started, the US kleptocracy had started to take hold, and bank branch program never got off the ground.

US style capitalist kleptocracy has long history ... even predating banana republics, Smedley Butler
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
"War Is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "perpetual war" (for the military-industrial complex)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
Date: 06 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
https://www.wakingtimes.com/2019/04/26/since-2001-we-have-spent-32-million-per-hour-on-war/

2002, congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report was that 2003-2009, tax revenue cut $6T and spending increased $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (1st time taxes cut to *NOT* pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of federal reserve and Too Big To Fail wanting huge federal debt, Wallstreet and special interests wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex wanting enormous spending increase.

The military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

War Without End; The Pentagon's failed campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan left a generation of soldiers with little to fight for but one another.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/08/magazine/war-afghanistan-iraq-soldiers.html
The Wages of War Without Strategy
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2017/6/20/the-wages-of-war-without-strategy
John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'
... snip ...

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
Boyd posts & URLs from around the web
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

The original justification was support of Al-Qaeda, but that then switched to WMDs and it would only cost $50B (now passing 100 times). Before invasion, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney). In the 80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq (and WMDs). In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Iraq and weapons of mass destruction
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_and_weapons_of_mass_destruction

team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, (Bush) Family Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism
The majority of Sunni and Shia Muslims worldwide disagree with the interpretation of Wahhabism, and many Muslims denounce them as a faction or a "vile sect".[7] Islamic scholars, including those from the Al-Azhar University, regularly denounce Wahhabism with terms such as "Satanic faith".[33] Wahhabism has been accused of being "a source of global terrorism",[34][35] inspiring the ideology of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),[36] and for causing disunity in Muslim communities by labelling Muslims who disagreed with the Wahhabi definition of monotheism as apostates[37] (takfir) and justifying their killing.[38][39][40] It has also been criticized for the destruction of historic shrines of saints, mausoleums, and other Muslim and non-Muslim buildings and artifacts.[41][42][43]
... snip ...

Fareed (May2017) had segment on Saudi Arabia is supporting world wide wahhabism ... which is "extreme" version of Islam ... including ISIS. There seems to be a conflict here, lot of Wahhabi seems to be anti-Saudi gov because of their relationships with the US & the west, but also claims that Saudi money for Wahhabi is bribes/tributes to take their activities elsewhere. Fareed also had something like 96% of world-wide extreme Islam terrorism is Wahhabi related and that Iran is one of the major forces fighting Wahhabi extremism (highlighting US war on terror supporting Saudi and opposing Iran).

Initially, families of 9/11 victims were prohibited suing the Saudi gov for 9/11 responsibility. That was changed in fall of 2013 ... apparently because of big uptic in fracking and getting off Saudi oil dependency.

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims
http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.

pg96/loc1373-75:
On the other hand, invading Iraq stunned me. Why were we fighting them again? I was unaware of the discussions in Washington linking Al Qaeda to Saddam. There was broad consensus among international intelligence agencies that he possessed chemical weapons.
... snip ...

More Americans Questioning Official 9/11 Story As New Evidence Contradicts Official Narrative
https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/more-americans-questioning-official-911-story-new-evidence-contradicts-official

After 9/11, finger is pointed at the anti-Wahhabi countries to attack&invade, instead of those really responsible

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Record debt and inequality gap? It's almost like 40 years of Republican tax cuts failed

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Record debt and inequality gap? It's almost like 40 years of Republican tax cuts failed.
Date: 06 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
Record debt and inequality gap? It's almost like 40 years of Republican tax cuts failed.
https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2019/10/03/republican-tax-cuts-fail-record-debt-and-inequality-gap-column/3833546002/

2002, congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report was that 2003-2009, tax revenue cut $6T and spending increased $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (1st time taxes cut to *NOT* pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of federal reserve and Too Big To Fail wanting huge federal debt, Wallstreet and special interests wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex wanting enormous spending increase.

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CIA's top lawyer made 'criminal referral' on complaint about Trump Ukraine call

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: CIA's top lawyer made 'criminal referral' on complaint about Trump Ukraine call
Date: 06 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
The CIA person reported to the responsible CIA lawyer, who then makes a criminal referral to the Justice Department, all following established process. Then the whole thing starts to go astray when Barr apparently blocks the criminal referral. With the established process failing, he then becomes a whistleblower.

CIA's top lawyer made 'criminal referral' on complaint about Trump Ukraine call. Experts are raising questions about why the Justice Department did not open an investigation
https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/trump-impeachment-inquiry/cia-s-top-lawyer-made-criminal-referral-whistleblower-s-complaint-n1062481
Barr blocked criminal investigation of whistleblower allegations weeks before complaint was filed
https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2019/10/5/1890097/-Barr-blocked-criminal-investigation-of-whistleblower-allegations-weeks-before-complaint-was-filed
As Impeachment Moves Forward, Trump's Language Turns Darker. "Treason" is a word the president has increasingly used when talking about his critics.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/01/us/politics/trump-treason-impeachment.html
Trump falsely calls impeachment probe 'a coup' designed to strip citizens of rights in wild Twitter tirade. Outburst comes as administration officials agree to provide testimony
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/trump-impeachment-latest-coup-tweet-democrats-ukraine-call-a9128866.html

Even though not previously mentioned, the president is apparently now trying to shift blame for the whole thing on the Sec. of Energy, claiming he had insisting that the president make the call (as if the president would never had said or done any of those things, if he hadn't been forced to make the call) ... massive case of obfuscation and misdirection.

Trump Blames Energy Secretary Rick Perry for Ukraine Call That Sparked Impeachment Inquiry
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2019/10/trump-blames-energy-secretary-rick-perry-ukraine-call-impeachment.html

past whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

recent whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#46 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#54 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#59 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 06 Oct 2019 11:45:04 -1000
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
Yes. Instead the Allies went to North Africa.

I doubt they could have handled invading Europe when he wanted them to. And I know from everything I have read he didn't actually care about his own military troops.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#68 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

US had no experience and only had 13 divisions for North Africa. Marshall would eventually put together a total of 91 divisions for all theaters ... Africa, Pacific, Mediterranean, Europe, mid-east ... compared to Soviets 500 divisions that were fighting the vast bulk of German military.

This goes into a lot of D-day, including the logistics leading up to it. It also has limited German divisions diverted to deal with D-Day and Europe and were inexperienced and/or wounded/disabled (and having to rely on horses for transportation)
https://www.amazon.com/Sand-Steel-Invasion-Liberation-France-ebook/dp/B07PPVG8HG/
pg19/loc992-98:
However, OB West's remaining twenty-three Bodenständige (static position) divisions were either immobile or reserve infantry formations, with low Kampfwert (combat effectiveness) ratings. They were assessed as incapable of taking on offensive missions, and suitable only for limited defence. For the latter's transportation needs, in Rundstedt's domain there were 115,000 military horses on strength, a stark reminder of how reliant on these creatures the German armed forces were in 1944 - by contrast, the Allies would bring with them not a single equine. 3 A year earlier, roughly twenty-five per cent of officers stationed in France had fought in Russia; by 1944, this figure had almost doubled to sixty per cent. This did not necessarily reflect a reinforcement of the west, but a higher proportion of wounded and convalescing leaders.

pg47/loc1600-1604:
The stature of the Nazi war machine, forged in North Africa, Italy and on the Eastern Front, was still feared in 1944, though demonstrably hollowed out. It also helped Berlin that the Western Allies, particularly the 21st Army Group, were also excessively cautious, which played to the German inclination - despite their convoluted command - of tactical speed of reaction. Finally, it also suited many Allied commanders after the war to talk up the prowess of their opponents, making the achievement of subduing them all the greater.
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Eric Holder is the Official Missing from Discussions of the Bidens' Ukrainian Efforts

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Eric Holder is the Official Missing from Discussions of the Bidens' Ukrainian Efforts
Date: 08 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
nobody's totally clean in the whistleblower saga ... except possibly the whistleblowers ... lots are trying to respin the narrative to be about everything else except the facts of the complaint: Eric Holder is the Official Missing from Discussions of the Bidens' Ukrainian Efforts
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2019/10/eric-holder-is-the-official-missing-from-discussions-of-the-bidens-ukrainian-efforts.html

Trump's Claims About Biden Aren't 'Unsupported.' They're Lies. The president's accusations turn reality on its head and the media should say so.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/30/opinion/trump-ukraine-republican.html

some background on the references to prior administration activities:

"Confidence Men", includes several references that during recent economic mess, wallstreet used EHM (economic hitmen) tactics against our own people. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible)
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

note that VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

Last decade, Bush2 presides over perpetual wars and the economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis.

Bill Black: Eric Holder is the Official Missing from Discussions of the Bidens' Ukrainian Efforts
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/10/bill-black-eric-holder-is-the-official-missing-from-discussions-of-the-bidens-ukrainian-efforts.html
By Bill Black, the author of The Best Way to Rob a Bank is to Own One, an associate professor of economics and law at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, and co-founder of Bank Whistleblowers United. Originally published at New Economic Perspectives

Bill Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
S&L Scandal
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black#Savings_and_loan_scandal

"whistleblower" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Versioning file systems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Versioning file systems
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 10 Oct 2019 09:15:20 -1000
drb@ihatespam.msu.edu (Dennis Boone) writes:
What we called candy stripe, and what I think "pyjama paper" was referring to, was three color: alternate orange and green stripes of one line width with uncolored lines in between. The stuff seemed more common in shops that used 8.5"x11" paper in landscape format at 8lpi than places that used ledger size.

IBM (red, candy cane) "candy-stripe" documents covers with registered confidential classification. Each copy of a document was numbered. Each page of a candy-stripe document had the document copy number embossed in large print on every page (basically faint background but the number was large print essentially filling the whole page, with text darker overprint) with legend "registered confidential, do not copy/reproduce" on every page.

I had whole set for "extended" 370 referred to as "811" (for Nov1978 publication date, not all of it shows up for initial release for 3081 in the 80s). they had to be kept under double lock ... and plant site security would do periodic audits for registered confidential documents.

past posts mentioning registered confidential:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#30 IBM OS Timeline?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#8 Security Proportional to Risk (was: IBM Mainframe at home)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#9 Security Proportional to Risk (was: IBM Mainframe at home)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#42 Moving assembler programs above the line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#26 IEH/IEB/... names?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#20 Old PCs--environmental hazard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#2 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#12 Clone Processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#61 Was MVS/SE designed to confound Amdahl?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#1 RSA 2014: Target Breach Has Bigger Impact on Data Security than Snowden, says Vormetric
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#27 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#67 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#35 Hitachi to Deliver New Mainframe Based on IBM z Systems in Japan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing...
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 12 Oct 2019 10:30:37 -1000
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#2 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#8 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#9 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#11 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#12 To Anne & Lynn Wheeler, if still observing

comp.arch Fine-grained locking ... 1999 (20yrs ago) in response to Andy Grew
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/comp.arch/AQABTm7iA54

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Collins radio 1956

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Collins radio 1956
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 12 Oct 2019 16:59:13 -1000
hancock4 writes:
Collins advertised a lot in the 1950s for microwave and carrier communications systems.

An article in the WUTJ from Spring 1968 describes a Canadian National RR reservation system. It used mark-sense punch cards and teletype output, transmitting over telegraph lines at 100 baud (Baudot code). A Collins Radio computer was used (I think we discussed that before, here.)


When Big Blue Went to War: A History of the IBM Corporation's Mission in Southeast Asia During the Vietnam War (1965–1975)
https://www.amazon.com/When-Big-Blue-Went-War-ebook/dp/B07923TFH5/
loc489-93:
At the office, I spent some time listening and talking to some of the IBMers assigned to our permanent ‘up-country' locations - Da Nang, Cam Ranh Bay, Nha Trang and Qui Nhon - via our Collins single side-band radio network. Each location had an identical SSB transceiver, and in addition each IBMer carried a handy-talky strapped to his belt, on his desk or in his car. The office base stations were monitored 24 hours a day and the standing order was that every IBMer would keep either his own base station or the Saigon headquarters station apprised of his whereabouts at all times.
... snip ...

Also has part of chapter on spook base. loc1566-70:
Our U.S. 13th Air Force operated a military airfield as guests of the Royal Thai Air Force Base. The base was nine miles to the west of NKP town and placed our aircraft within easy flying distance of the Ho Chi Minh Trail or other North Vietnam and Laotian targets (and just 230 miles to Hanoi). Our NKP Air Force's Task Force Alpha (TFA) operated a sophisticated computer installation that attempted to play a key role in the war by reducing the volume of truck traffic carrying men, materiel, guns and ammunition down
... snip ...

Within a year after taking intro to computers/fortran at the Univ., I was hired fulltime to be responsible for academic&administration 360 mainframe systems. Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of BCS (Boeing Computing Services, consoldate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offerring services to non-Boeing entities). I thot that the Renton datacenter is possibly largest in the world with something like $200M-$300M in IBM 360s (60s$$$).

In the early 80s, I'm introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. One of his stories was about being vocal the sensors across the trail wouldn't work and possibly as punishment he is put in command of spook base (about the same time I'm at Boeing). Boyd biography claims spook base was $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (ten times Renton datacenter, all in 60s dollars). Spook base gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White
and
https://thefutureofthings.com/3902-igloo-white-the-automated-battlefield/
other drift (also some other Boyd stories)
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
commandant of Marine Corps leverages Boyd for make-over of the corps in 89/90 .... and when Boyd passes in 1997, the USAF had pretty much disowned him and it is the Marines at Arlington. tribute on his passing (originally in USNI Proceedings ... for those w/o subscription)
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Retired Marine Gen. John Allen: 'There is blood on Trump's hands for abandoning our Kurdish allies'

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Retired Marine Gen. John Allen: 'There is blood on Trump's hands for abandoning our Kurdish allies'
Date: 14 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
Retired Marine Gen. John Allen: 'There is blood on Trump's hands for abandoning our Kurdish allies'
https://edition.cnn.com/2019/10/13/politics/syria-marine-general-john-allen-trump/index.html

Donald Trump's longtime business connections in Turkey back in the spotlight. The president's decision to remove troops from Northern Syria has put renewed focus on his relationship with Turkish President Erdogan.
https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/trump-impeachment-inquiry/donald-trump-s-longtime-business-connections-turkey-back-spotlight-n1064011
Trump Towers Istanbul
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trump_Towers_Istanbul
Trump's Foreign Policy Makes Sense If You 'Follow the Money,' MSNBC Host Points to Trump Business With Saudi Arabia, Russia, Turkey
https://www.newsweek.com/trump-foreign-policy-follow-money-saudi-arabia-turkey-russia-1465040
Trump's Conflicts of Interest in Turkey. Selling out America's interests on the battlefield
https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/security/news/2017/06/14/433964/trumps-conflicts-interest-turkey/
Reminder: Trump Has a Massive Conflict of Interest in Turkey. Why a Trump real estate deal is relevant to his decision to abandon the Kurds.
https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2019/10/reminder-trump-has-a-massive-conflict-of-interest-in-turkey/
In 2015, while running for president, Trump gave an interview to Stephen Bannon, not yet his campaign manager, in which he talked about Turkey. Right away, he admitted that his business interests in the country would make it difficult for him to deal with Turkey with a clear mind.
... snip ...

Apparently members of Senate got so upset over the president abandoning the Kurds, they started releasing suppressed documents supporting intelligence agencies, Mueller's special investigation and other findings about Russia and president. "G.O.P.-Led Senate Panel Affirms Russia Attacked Election, and Urges Action"
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/08/business/senate-report-russia-election.html
In a report, the committee backed up the conclusions of the intelligence community, the special counsel and researchers that Russia mounted a broad campaign to interfere in the election. A Russian troll farm central to the election campaign supported "Donald Trump at the direction of the Kremlin," the committee said.
... snip ...

At the same time, Giuliani's Ukrainian friends (with 45 history dating back several years) get arrested by the justice department ... even though Barr has apparently known about them since he first took office.

However, what are the chances this is political ambush/bushwhack for the Dems .... use the abandoning of the Kurds as apparent excuse to release studies showing 45 is guilty of all the charges and arresting co-conspirators, incenting the Dems to go all out on impeachment, thinking that the Senate will remove him from office. Senate then fails to remove him from office ... and 45 pardons all his co-conspirators.

Remember, in the 80s, VP (and former CIA director) repeatedly denies knowing anything about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
then last decade, Bush2 is president and presides over perpetual wars, federal debt explosion and the economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis.

However
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/
loc2752-54:
Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White House operation of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither Pollard nor the government of Israel was aware that they had smashed George Bush's first shipment of arms to Iran."

loc2764-65:
Despite his best efforts to silence Pollard, Weinberger would not escape his own entanglement in the Iran-Contra conspiracy, for which he would ultimately face criminal charges.
... snip ...

Then in 90s when he is president, his lawyers turn over "forgotten" papers that showed he ran Iran-Contra and the president pardons most of his co-conspirators. Barr was also Attorney General then.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 18 Oct 2019 12:15:32 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
New Steven Spielberg/Tom Hanks documentary on the 8th airforce in WW II "Masters of the Air" "By war's end, over 47,000 of the 115,000 U.S. Army Air Force casualties were from the Eighth."

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#77 Collins radio 1956

This goes into detail about D-DAY, efforts and logistics leading up to D-DAY, and normandy/france after D-DAY
https://www.amazon.com/Sand-Steel-Invasion-Liberation-France-ebook/dp/B07PPVG8HG/

One of the issues was Sand&Steel didn't get into very much detail was strategic bombing. Because 1/3rd of all US WW2 spending was for high altitude, four engine strategic heavy bombers, they were under heavy pressure to show some results. They started out claiming that high altitude strategic bombing would win WW2 without requiring invasion of Europe. It turns out that it was almost impossible for them to hit a target from 5-6 miles up ... they then switched to carpet bombing and then fire bombing German cities (it was almost impossible to not hit a whole city from 5-6 miles up). McNamara was LeMay's staff planning the fire bombing of German and then Japanese cities (after the war leaves for auto industry but comes back as SECDEF for Vietnam) ... early this century McNamara quoted LeMay that if US had lost the war, it would have been them on trial for war crimes.

Part of horrific fighting on Omaha beach (from US army war college, free PDF) was heavy high altitude strategic bombing was total failure at Omaha.
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075

loc2582-85: The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.

other, British tried to explain to AAF that Germany had learned the hard way in the (air) Battle for Britain that long range fighter escort was needed ... but AAF wanted all the money to go for building 4engine heavy strategic bombers (and claimed it didn't need long range fighters) ... eventually learning the lesson the hard way.

loc1763-68: Although the AAF attacks did create a disruption of the German economy, it proved to be only temporary. Repair, dispersion, and purchases from foreign sources quickly replaced the damaged capacity. The most serious problem resulting from these raids for the Allies was the cost in trained personnel and aircraft. In the August 17, 1943, attacks on Schweinfurt and Regensburg, unescorted American bombers lost 60 of the 306 B-17s that reached the targets. An additional 27 airplanes suffered serious damage.26 A second attack on Schweinfurt lost a further 60 B-17s out of 291 aircraft. The AAF unescorted bomber attacks against Luftwaffe production facilities proved disastrous.27

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning Army War College paper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#24 JOHN BOYD AND THE "OODA" LOOP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#28 Army Releases a Critical History of the War in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#95 Why hiring the 'best' people produces the least creative results
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#30 Coup D'Oeil: Strategic Intuition in Army Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

recent Sand & Steel posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#91 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#15 Scientist, war hero and gay icon Alan Turing is new face of the GBP50 note
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#45 Sand and Steel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#93 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#64 Capitalism as we know it is dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#73 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 18 Oct 2019 22:31:41 -1000
American Reckoning: The Vietnam War and Our National Identity
https://www.amazon.com/American-Reckoning-Vietnam-National-Identity-ebook/dp/B00LFZ87LS/

loc1115-18: In the final year of World War II, however, the United States carried out the most devastating air attacks in history--the firebombing of a handful of cities in Germany and sixty-seven in Japan, all of it followed by the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Robert McNamara, an aide to General Curtis LeMay, helped plan and analyze the firebombing.

loc1118-20: In the 2003 documentary The Fog of War, McNamara recalled the firebombing of Tokyo on March 9, 1945: "In that single night, we burned to death a hundred thousand Japanese civilians in Tokyo--men, women, and children." After the war, General LeMay said to McNamara: "If we'd lost the war we'd all have been prosecuted as war criminals."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_bombing_during_World_War_II When the United States began flying bombing missions against Germany, it reinforced these efforts and controversial firebombings were carried out against Hamburg (1943), Dresden (1945), and other German cities.[23]

from above the hamburg 8th air force bombing was july1943 (US during the day, british at night)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Hamburg_in_World_War_II
LeMay command of 305th bomb group part of 8th air force, and all of 8th air force adopted his bombing procedures
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/305th_Operations_Group
lemay command of 305th bomb group until sept. 1943.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curtis_LeMay
then command of 3rd air division (part of 8th air force) from sept 1943 until aug 1944.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

38 people cited for violations in Clinton email probe

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 38 people cited for violations in Clinton email probe
Date: 20 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
38 people cited for violations in Clinton email probe
https://apnews.com/14b14afc5d8647858489a2cf5385c28d

Late 80s, Iran-Contra operation was discussed in email, people deleted their (IBM "PROFS") email ... but the server side copies were still on backup tapes. Middle 90s, the first lady's aid was implicated in canceling email backups, loosing tens of thousand of emails. GSA then significantly tightened up gov backup procedures and rules. With the new enforced backup procedures, after the start of the century, the new administration moved to using non-GOV email servers (even though forbidden by gov. regulations) ... resulting in loss of millions of emails. More recently, former first lady, and at the time, sec. of state, by now was very familiar with reasons to use non-GOV email servers (still forbidden by gov. regulations) with loss of tens of thousands of email

In the late 80s, the VP repeatedly claimed he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
later when Bush1 is president (and Cheney is SECDEF), it comes up that Bush1 ran Iran/Contra
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/
loc2752-54:
Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White House operation of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither Pollard nor the government of Israel was aware that they had smashed George Bush's first shipment of arms to Iran."
... snip ...

Bill Barr is (also) attorney general then and Bush1 pardons most of his Iran-Contra co-conspirators. After turn of century, Bush2 is president and presides over major explosion in use of non-GOV email servers, perpetual wars, federal debt explosion and the economic mess (70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis).

some past email refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#87 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#97 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#59 FW: Mysterious Email (original had no subject)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#54 PROFS, email, 3270
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#70 Russia Hacked Clinton's Computers Five Hours After Trump's Call

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

past posts mentioning Pollard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#18 The Winds of Reform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#21 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#59 Breaking: Entire Nation Experiencing Collective Amnesia About Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#99 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#41 Iran/Contra and Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#74 On Tactics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#107 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#73 Why People Dislike Really Smart Leaders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#23 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#34 The First E-mail Scandal, Long Before Hillary Clinton: Iran/Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#28 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#78 Retired Marine Gen. John Allen: 'There is blood on Trump's hands for abandoning our Kurdish allies'

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Prying Open The Overton Window

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Prying Open The Overton Window.
Date: 20 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
Prying Open The Overton Window.
https://www.zerohedge.com/political/prying-open-overton-window
Those holding power in a socio-economic-political system that's unraveling devote their remaining energy to closing the Overton Window so that only "approved" narratives and policies that support the status quo are "allowed" into the public sphere.
... snip ...

A culture of secrecy': what is the Right to Know campaign about? Media companies say their journalists are being stopped from holding the powerful to account. What's stopping them? What do they want government to do about it? Why should you care?
https://www.smh.com.au/national/a-culture-of-secrecy-what-is-the-right-to-know-campaign-about-20191018-p5323v.html

Gas spiked over $4 summer 2008. Griftopia did chapter on the event. CFTC use to have regulations that only those with significant positions could play, because speculators resulted in wild, irrational price swings. Then 19 secret letters were sent allowing specific speculators to play
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Griftopia
... they pump&dump on the way up and then short on the way down, skimming huge off the volatility they manipulate.

Later, a member of congress released detailed transactions showing who was responsible for the volatility. The funny thing was that the press then pilloried/vilified the member of congress for violating the corporations' privacy (as opposed to criticize those manipulating the market).

Originally corporations were chartered to act in the public interest. Over the centuries this has been corrupted allowing them to act in self-interest along with efforts to increasingly give corporations "constitutional protections" under the law (aka corporations are people). False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporation%E2%80%99s-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pgxviii/loc132-36:
For most of American history, the Supreme Court failed to protect the dispossessed and the marginalized, with the justices claiming to be powerless in the face of hostile public sentiment. As we will see, however, the court's record on corporate rights was much different. In 1809, the Supreme Court decided the first case on the constitutional rights of corporations, decades before the first comparable cases for women or racial minorities. And unlike women and minorities, who lost nearly all of their early cases, corporations won that first case--and have compiled an impressive list of victories in the years since.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.

pg120|loc1975-78:
The railroad corporations were constitutional first movers who employed innovative tactics to secure new rights. They envisioned the lawsuits as a form of strategic litigation, or what their lawyers called "test cases," to determine whether corporations had the same rights as ordinary people to equal protection and due process under the Fourteenth Amendment.

pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
... snip ...

griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

recent corporation are people posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#23 A Deep Dive Inside The Market's Toxic "Liquidity-Volatility-Flows" Feedback Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#1 The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#44 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 24 Oct 2019 20:57:05 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Hmm, was there much about the Iraq war from 1991? Can't remember there was. People moved on to porn I guess.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#77 Collins radio 1956
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#79 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#80 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945

Gulf war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War
... only last 100hrs were land war ... the rest was turkey shoot, pretty much aerial bombing & shooting whatever wanted to. GAO air effectiveness study had A10 so devastating taking out Iraqi tanks that their crews were walking away from them because they were sitting ducks.
https://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134

Description of fierce tank battles with coalition forces taking no damage don't mention whether iraqi tanks had anybody home.

Boyd (I was introduced to him in the early 80s and sponsored his briefings) is credited with the battle plan and the (failed) left hook, cutting off and capturing all the Republican Guard. There are all sort of stories how and/or why the Republican Guard managed to escape. One of mine is that Boyd took the Abrams M1 specs at face value ... however he might not of accounted for how tightly tied to their supply/maintenance/repair (constantly needing maintenance&repair), significantly delaying them from getting into position to trap the retreating Republican Guard, tribute to Boyd (for those w/o subscription)
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
General Charles Krulak, our nation's top Marine, called Boyd an architect of victory in the Persian Gulf War. General Krulak was "awed" by Boyd's intellect, character, integrity, and his selfless devotion to our nation's welfare.
... snip ...

One of Boyd's acolytes, was graduate of 1st USAF academy class and on fast track to general, when he says Boyd destroyed his career by challenging him to do what was right ... in this case "fix" the bradley
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/
HBO turned into movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
NY Times article: Corrupt From Top to Bottom
https://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html

One of the other details, Burton had gotten the cost of 30MM shells (used by he A10), cut from nearly $100 to $13 ... one million were used during the Desert Storm air campaign (leading up to the short land war). He also proposed a mini-A10 with 5 barrel gun that was simple enough to be forward deployed and maintained.

Another "acolyte", sprey
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf
loc835-38:
Boyd's collaboration with associate Pierre Sprey on the development of the A-10 close air support (CAS) aircraft sparked his exploration of history. The project was Sprey's, with Sprey consulting Boyd on performance analysis, E-M Theory, and views on warfare in general. When designing the A-10, Sprey had to determine what aircraft features provided the firepower and loiter time required by ground forces, while also granting survivability against the enemy ground fire that would inevitably be directed against it.4The German Wehrmacht had pioneered both the design and employment of dedicated CAS aircraft in World War II.

loc1792-95:
From this, the inquiring mind that had developed the Aerial Attack Study and E-M Theory again went into action. Sprey had focused on the aircraft and tactics that made German CAS missions successful. Building on that, Boyd, in his first year of retirement, broadened the scope to examine German tactics and strategy in World War II, and then worked his way back to the time of Sun Tzu as he studied history's most successful military commanders.6
... snip ...

Boyd had participated in this debriefing
https://archive.org/details/DTIC_ADA097704

Friedrich von Mellenthin
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_von_Mellenthin
Hermann Balck
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_Balck
The Greatest German General No One Ever Heard Of
https://www.historynet.com/the-greatest-german-general-no-one-ever-heard-of.htm
German General Hermann Balck and the No-Win Situation in Budapest
https://www.historynet.com/hermann-balck-no-win-situation-in-budapest.htm

other trivia, in the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam (which US had been supporting in the Iran/Iraq war) and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 25 Oct 2019 15:21:02 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Toward the end of the war the Germans were coming up with all kinds of stuff. I think they had a piloted rocket plane intended to go after bombers, but Hitler vetoed it because it would have been suicide flight for the pilot.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#77 Collins radio 1956
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#79 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#80 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#83 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945

Iron Giant One of America's great machines comes back to life:
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2012/03/iron-giant/8886/
50,000 ton presses ... most are becoming "ancient"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavy_Press_Program
The machines that made the Jet Age
http://boingboing.net/2012/02/13/machines.html
Germany, June 1945. The Nazi regime has been toppled; the war in Europe is over. But the Allied victory is largely the result of sheer overwhelming force, not technological superiority -- and the victors know it.
...
The reasons for German air superiority were several, of course, but a key one was their mastery of light-metal forging. While the Allies were still bolting together their planes out of steel plate, a slow, labor-intensive process ripe for error and unsuited to design optimization, the Germans were stamping and squeezing out complex structural elements from magnesium and aluminum alloys.
...
So, what do they do? Well, in strict terms, they make heavy components for aircraft, spacecraft, and power-generation facilities. That chunk of titanium, for example, became one of the bulkheads that anchor the engines, fuselage, and wings of an F-15. More familiarly, every time you fly on a Boeing or Airbus, you're relying on parts made by the Heavy Press Program machines to keep you aloft -- things like the wing spars, which connect the wings to the plane's chassis.
... snip ...

after the war, US made off with lots of stuff from Germany, but complained that the Soviets made off with more (discounting that the Soviets did majority of the fighting).

articles mentions China are doing new massive presses with the new china press at 80,000 tons.
http://en.people.cn/90001/90776/6317236.html
https://www.iforgeiron.com/topic/40292-china-makes-34the-big-5034-look-like-a-toy/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Just and Unjust Wars

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Just and Unjust Wars
Date: 27 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
Just and Unjust Wars
https://www.amazon.com/Just-Unjust-Wars-Historical-Illustrations-ebook/dp/B00PSSCSZO/
pg61-62/loc1645-74:
We begin with the familiar world of individuals and rights, or crimes and punishments. The theory of aggression can then be summed up in six propositions.

1. There exists an international society of independent states. 2. This international society has a law that establishes the rights of its members—above all, the rights of territorial integrity and political sovereignty. 3. Any use of force or imminent threat of force by one state against the political sovereignty or territorial integrity of another constitutes aggression and is a criminal act. 4. Aggression justifies two kinds of violent response: a war of self-defense by the victim and a war of law enforcement by the victim and any other member of international society. 5. Nothing but aggression can justify war. 6. Once the aggressor state has been militarily repulsed, it can also be punished.

... snip ...

From truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, (Bush) Family Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism
The majority of Sunni and Shia Muslims worldwide disagree with the interpretation of Wahhabism, and many Muslims denounce them as a faction or a "vile sect".[7] Islamic scholars, including those from the Al-Azhar University, regularly denounce Wahhabism with terms such as "Satanic faith".[33] Wahhabism has been accused of being "a source of global terrorism",[34][35] inspiring the ideology of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),[36] and for causing disunity in Muslim communities by labelling Muslims who disagreed with the Wahhabi definition of monotheism as apostates[37] (takfir) and justifying their killing.[38][39][40] It has also been criticized for the destruction of historic shrines of saints, mausoleums, and other Muslim and non-Muslim buildings and artifacts.[41][42][43]
... snip ...

Fareed (May2017) had segment on Saudi Arabia is supporting world wide wahhabism ... which is "extreme" version of Islam ... including ISIS. There seems to be a conflict here, lot of Wahhabi seems to be anti-Saudi gov because of their relationships with the US & the west, but also claims that Saudi money for Wahhabi is bribes/tributes to take their activities elsewhere. Fareed also had something like 96% of world-wide extreme Islam terrorism is Wahhabi related and that Iran is one of the major forces fighting Wahhabi extremism (highlighting US war on terror supporting Saudi and opposing Iran).

Initially, families of 9/11 victims were prohibited suing the Saudi gov for 9/11 responsibility. That was changed in fall of 2013 ... apparently because of big uptic in fracking and getting off Saudi oil dependency.

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims
http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.

pg96/loc1373-75:
On the other hand, invading Iraq stunned me. Why were we fighting them again? I was unaware of the discussions in Washington linking Al Qaeda to Saddam. There was broad consensus among international intelligence agencies that he possessed chemical weapons.
... snip ...

More Americans Questioning Official 9/11 Story As New Evidence Contradicts Official Narrative
https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/more-americans-questioning-official-911-story-new-evidence-contradicts-official

After 9/11, finger is pointed at the anti-Wahhabi countries to attack&invade, instead of those really responsible

You Can't Understand ISIS If You Don't Know the History of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/alastair-crooke/isis-wahhabism-saudi-arabia_b_5717157.html

... more

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" fabricating analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney). In the 80s, VP & former CIA director Bush1 and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_Wara
and WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told White House that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White House said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the White House that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the White House has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

The original justification for Iraq invasion was support of Al-Qaeda (and it would only cost $50B, now passing 100 times that), but they then switched to WMDs. Before invasion, cousin of White House chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US and Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

This century, military-industrial-complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (later show up in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent wahhabi posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#25 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#26 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#70 Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
Date: 28 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
https://techxplore.com/news/2019-10-milestones-internet-years-network-message.html

50 years ago today, the internet was born in Room 3420. Here's the story of the creation of ARPANET, the groundbreaking precursor to the internet--as told by the people who were there.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90423457/50-years-ago-today-the-internet-was-born-in-room-3420

One of the things they don't mention was late 80s, federal gov. had mandated the elimination of the internetworking protocols and move to GOSIP. At the industry Interop88 conference (in 1988), there were lots of OSI product booths on the conference floor (to appeal to vendors wanting to sell into gov. market). I had a IBM PC/RT in a booth (not the IBM booth), it was cross corner in the central area from the SUN booth ... where the guy responsible for SNMP was demo'ing. Before the show started, we got him convinced to come over and install it on the PC/RT.

interop88 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88
801/risc, iliad, romp, pc/rt, rios, rs/6000, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Other trivia, in 90s after leaving IBM, Jon Postel (RFC editor) would let me help with periodically released STD1 ... and sponsored my talk on "Why Internet wasn't Industrial Strength Dataprocessing" ... based on Internet compensating procedures that I had to create when doing "electronic commerce".

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

co-worker at the science center was responsible for the technology and start of the internal network ... larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s. It was also used for the corporate sponsored university BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time). It's Cool To Be Clever: The story of Edson C. Hendricks, the genius who invented the design for the Internet
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

We transfer from science center out to San Jose Research in 1977. In the early 80s, I had project HSDT with T1 (1.5mbits/sec) and faster speed links (and constantly fighting off SNA communication group) and working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers when congress cuts the budget. Some other things happened and eventually NSF release RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

Internal politics prevented us from bidding and NSF director tried to help by writing the CEO a letter with support from other agencies (but that just made the internal politics worse, as did comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). Communication group was internally distributing enormous amounts of (SNA) misinformation (including to the corporate executive committee) about the (non-SNA) internal network, NSF networking, customer demand for T1, etc. Somebody collected a lot of the misinformation email and forwarded it to us. In the past, I posted to a.f.c. an heavily clipped and redacted subset (to protect the guilty). As regional networks connected into the centers, it evolves into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

San Jose Research has the original IBM gateway to csnet (& arpanet) in 1982 ... before the great cutover from IMPs and HOST protocol to internetworking protocol on 1Jan1983 (at the time, arpanet had approx. 100 IMP network nodes and 255 connected host, while the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes). old csnet gateway email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#email821022
and cut-over email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email821230
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#email830109
on cut-over didn't go as smoothly as thought
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email830202

Old post with list of corporate locations that added one or more new network nodes during 1983 ... as well as info on some of the new nodes: http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

One of the differences between HSDT and NSF links was that corporate required IBM links to be encrypted (external hardware link encryptors). Mid-80s, one of the major link encryptor vendors claimed that the IBM internal network had more than half of all link encryptors in the world (there were periodic conflicts with various countries when the encrypted links crossed national boundaries). I hated what I had to pay for T1 encryptors and it was almost impossible to find faster encryptors (at the time, 3081 processor ran software DES encryption at 150kbytes/sec, it would have required both processors dedicated, doing absolutely nothing else to handle full-duplex T1 link). In any case, I got involved in doing link encryptor that would handle multi-megabytes/second and cost less than $100 to build. At first the corporate crypto group said it significantly compromised crypto strength. It took me three months to figure out how to explain to them what it did, rather than significantly weaker, it was significantly stronger than standard DES. It was hollow victory because they said that there is only one organization that could use such crypto, I could build as many as I wanted, but they all had to be sent to an address in Maryland. It was when I realized that there are three kinds of crypto in the world: 1) they kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind you can only do for them.

One battle that IBM communication group (initially) lost was mainframe TCP/IP support ... but they then switched their game and said that since they owned all IBM products that involved crossing datacenter walls, it had to be released through them. What shipped got aggregate 44kbytes/sec throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the RFC1044 enhancements and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, got sustained 4341 megabyte channel speed media throughput using only modest amount of 4341 CPU (around 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

rfc1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
Date: 28 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message

some of the CTSS (IBM 7090) people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
then went to 5th flr to do Multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics

others went to the science center on the 4th flr
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambridge_Scientific_Center
and did virtual machines (CP40/CMS on 360/40 with hardware mods for virtual memory, morphs into CP67/CMS when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available, precursor to vm370)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS
the IBM internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s), wasn't SNA/VTAM, technology also used for the corporate sponsored BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
CTSS RUNOFF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TYPSET_and_RUNOFF

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

was redone for CMS as SCRIPT and then GML was invented at the science center in 1969 and GML tag processing was added to SCRIPT, a decade later GML morphs into ISO standard SGML and after another decade, morphs into HTML at CERN.
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/
The first webserver in the US was on the SLAC VM370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

GML SGML, HTML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

part of 28Mar1986 preliminary release for NSF supercomputer interconnect (& applications) ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
national center for supercomputing applications
http://www.ncsa.illinois.edu/

some NCSA people come out to silicon valley and do a startup for their client/server work. Trivia, when NCSA complains about their using "MOSAIC" who "gives" them new (copyrighted) name ( ... hint router company that is still around).

NSF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

We were given HA/6000 to do (high availability rs/6000), but I stared doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendor and quickly renamed it to HA/CMP. Reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on 128-way commercial cluster scaleup.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
Within a few weeks of the meeting, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (possibly contributing, mainframe DB2 were complaining if we were allowed to go ahead it would be years ahead of them). A few months later we depart IBM.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Later, two of the Oracle people that we had been working with (and were in the Ellison meeting), have left and are at the (NCSA) client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server" and we were brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I have complete authority on everything from the servers to the payment network gateways ... but could only make recommendations on the client/server side. Almost immediately several of the recommendations are violated, some of which continue to account for exploits to this day. At one point I'm in front of class of 30-40 recent college graduates (that are paper multi-millionaires based on their stock options) trying to explain business critical dataprocessing.

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

in the early 70s there was TYMSHARE ... (in silicon valley) and had created VM370/CMS-based online computer conferencing. In Aug1976, TYMSHARE makes its online computer conferencing system "free" to IBM mainframe user group SHARE as "VMSHARE" .... archives
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

After transferring to San Jose Research I would make regular rounds of IBM and non-IBM locations in Silicon Valley ... including places like SLAC (which also hosted monthly BAYBUNCH meetings) and TYMSHARE. I sent up process with TYMSHARE to get monthly copies of all VMSHARE files to make available on internal IBM systems (including world-wide online sales&marketing support HONE). Biggest problems I had were with IBM lawyers who were afraid that internal IBM employees would be contaminated with customer information (however, lot of time what was being claimed for internal consumption was not what customers were actually saying).

other trivia, during most of the 80s, SLAC would host the monthly evening "BAYBUNCH" user group meetings ... and then we would usually retire to Oasis (since shutdown).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
Date: 30 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#87 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message

other trivia: because we were working with NSF director in the early 80s on interconnecting supercomputer centers .... and I gave some talks about it at Univ. ... including Berkeley (NSF gave UCB $60M for Berkeley supercomputer center, but regent's bldg plan had UCSD getting the next new bldg ... the regents designated that it would be there instead). In any case, at the time there was also the start of the Berkeley 10M telescope ... and they were doing testing up at Lick observatory (east of San Jose). In 1983, I get dragged into it because they were moving from film to CCD and wanted to do remote viewing from local ground level and remote locations (need sat. over pacific) and (at the time) needed at least 1mbit/sec link (bandwidth increased as CCD technology improved). Eventually it gets renamed Keck 10M and have built two in Hawaii (TMT .. ten meter telescope, there are protests now about building new TMT, thirty meter telescope).

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

past berkeley 10m telescope posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#9 Jack Kilby dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#19 NSFNET (long post warning)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#20 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#50 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#30 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#80 A Super-Efficient Light Bulb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#82 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#85 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#55 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#24 Program Work Method Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#10 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#86 OT: Physics question and Star Trek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#8 We're About to Lose Net Neutrality -- And the Internet as We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#76 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#50 Revamped PDP-11 in Honolulu or maybe Santa Fe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#19 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#97 power supplies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#71 Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#51 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#89 Earth's atmosphere just crossed another troubling climate change threshold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#76 George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#71 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#33 Cluster Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#47 Astronomy topic drift
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#50 Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Exposed! A Serial Whistleblower's Story with Bill Black

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Exposed! A Serial Whistleblower's Story with Bill Black
Date: 31 Oct 2019
Blog: Facebook
Exposed! A Serial Whistleblower's Story with Bill Black
http://macroncheese.com/exposed-a-serial-whistleblowers-story-with-bill-black
The industry used its power to launch a smear campaign against the regulators at a time when anti-government ideology was taking hold throughout conservative and "New Democratic" politics. Our listeners will recognize the names of a number of the players, such as Alan Greenspan, appearing here as a lobbyist assigned to recruit Senators in support of Charles Keating. Keating, the CEO of Lincoln Savings, will be forever linked with the Keating 5, a group of US Senators, including John McCain, to whom he made huge political contributions and from whom he received outrageous favors. Greenspan and the Senators insisted that Lincoln Savings had a clean bill of health. The fact that it ended up with a loss of 3.4 billion dollars -- the largest failure in US banking history until the GFC -- didn't deter Clinton from appointing him as Chairman of the Fed.
... snip ...

Bill Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
S&L Scandal
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black#Savings_and_loan_scandal

VP (and former CIA director) repeatedly denies knowing anything about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

then last decade, Bush2 is president and presides over perpetual wars, federal debt explosion and the economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis.

"whistleblower" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
FED chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 01 Nov 2019 16:53:03 -1000
Walter Bushell <proto@panix.com> writes:
It was a war of national liberation and we were on the wrong side. There was no North or South Vietnam only Vietnam.

Just and Unjust Wars
https://www.amazon.com/Just-Unjust-Wars-Historical-Illustrations-ebook/dp/B00PSSCSZO/
pg98/loc2355-58:
The Geneva Agreement of 1954, ending the first Vietnamese war, established a temporary frontier between the North and the South, and two temporary governments on either side of the line, pending elections scheduled for 1956. 14 When the South Vietnamese government refused to permit these elections, it clearly lost whatever legitimacy was conferred by the agreements.

pg98/loc2373-75:
The Saigon regime was so much an American creature that the U.S. government's claim to be committed to it and obligated to ensure its survival is hard to understand. It is as if our right hand were committed to our left. There is no independent moral or political agent on the other side of the bond and hence no genuine bond at all.

pg99/loc2383-85:
It would be better to say that the U.S. was literally propping up a government—and shortly a series of governments—without a local political base, while the North Vietnamese were assisting an insurgent movement with deep roots in the countryside.

pg100/loc2409-12:
In fact, the United States failed in the most dramatic way to respect the character and dimensions of the Vietnamese civil war, and we failed because we could not win the war as long as it retained that character and was fought within those dimensions. Searching for a level of conflict at which our technological superiority could be brought to bear, we steadily escalated the struggle, until finally it was an American war, fought for American purposes, in someone else's country.

.. snip ...

McMaster's 1997 book (Phd thesis), quite critical of Johnson, McNamara, Westmoreland, body count, and whole counterinsurgency program (when Johnson was asked what they were suppose to do in Vietnam, he consistently replies, "kill more viet cong" ... also long litany of Johnson & McNamara lying to congress).
https://www.amazon.com/Dereliction-Duty-Johnson-McNamara-Chiefs-ebook/dp/B004HW7834/

Doesn't get as far as Nixon's "treason" in manipulating peace talks to improve his winning election (but does talk about Johnson lying about vietnam and manipulating opinion to help him win election). From (then) recently declassified info, basically advisers didn't see US could win (wasn't military issue) ... but it would be worse position in world opinion if didn't try. "George Will Confirms Nixon's Vietnam Treason"
http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/08/12/george-will-confirms-nixons-vietnam-treason

The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
https://www.amazon.com/Road-Not-Taken-Lansdale-American-ebook/dp/B073VXL9RV/
pg497/loc9038-42:
When Lodge heard about Lansdale's plans to stage a free election, he launched into a lengthy diatribe about how he and Lyndon Johnson had spent most of their lives rigging elections. "Get it across to the press that they shouldn't apply higher standards here in Vietnam than they do in the U.S.," he instructed aides. 30 One of Lodge's closest aides believed that "Lansdale wanted the reality of elections, while Lodge was convinced we needed only the appearance of a democracy in order to do what we had to do. Which wasn't the same thing."
... snip ...

Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife, contrasts British handling Malaysia insurgency (welcome change/innovation coming bottom up) with US handling Vietnam insurgency (US Army insists it is still fighting top-down command&control conventional WW2 in Europe, repeatedly discounting special forces and marines experience)
https://www.amazon.com/Counterinsurgency-Lessons-Malaya-Vietnam-Learning-ebook/dp/B000QECG20/
loc1628-30:
The American army's involvement in the Second Indochina War from 1950 to 1972 demonstrates the triumph of the institutional culture of an organization over attempts at doctrinal innovation and the diminution of the effectiveness of the organization at accomplishing national objectives.

loc1631-33:
The concept that success in counterinsurgency consisted of separating the insurgents from popular support never took root. The U.S. Army proceeded with its historical role of destroying the enemy army-even if it had a hard time finding it. The United States Army entered the Vietnam War with a doctrine well suited to fighting conventional war in Europe, but worse than useless for the counterinsurgency it was about to combat.

loc1641-43:
The learning cycle was also ineffective in recognizing poor performance, suggesting doctrinal innovation, gaining organizational consensus behind new doctrine, and disseminating the changes throughout the army in Vietnam. Although there was substantial innovation from below, neither the personnel nor the organization of the Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) and of its successor organization, Military Assistance Command-Vietnam (MACV), was conducive to counterinsurgency learning.

and loc2818-20:
Many of these innovations were, if useless, at least not harmful to the achievement of American goals; the same can hardly be said for the use of strategic B-52 bombers in a tactical close air support role, which produced a vast number of civilian causalities and provided duds (5 percent of the bombs failed to explode) for booby traps that killed more than one thousand U.S. soldiers in 1966 alone
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 01 Nov 2019 16:58:46 -1000
Walter Bushell <proto@panix.com> writes:
And the United Fruit Company.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#90 OT, "new" Heinlein book

Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
wrote War Is A Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket

Butler was invited to participate in military/fascists overthrow of the US Gov. ... and blew the whistle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot
In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country. No evidence was presented and this committee had none to show a connection between this effort and any fascist activity of any European country. There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient.

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts mentioning Smedley Butler:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#58 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#3 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#2 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#11 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#69 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#23 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#105 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 01 Nov 2019 17:32:48 -1000
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#90 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book

sincie ww2, there is Iran ... The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started with move from 13.5in to 15in guns (requiring move from coal to oil) before WW1; loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.
... snip ...

When the newly elected democratic government wanted to review the Anglo-Persian contract, US arranged coup and backed Shah as front
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr%2E
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the secret police to help keep Shah in power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK
then US again when the US client repressive gov. is overthown in 1979.

Then "Is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on looting the country (and Russians needed somebody to oppose US looting). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20130211131020/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

"Economic Hit Man" strategy dates back to at least Butler, and also starts out in Cambridge ... somewhat down the street from Harvard ... convincing countries to over extend themselves with debt ... so the US can come in and loot their resources; Rondonization: World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon. The development philosophy behind the fires in the Amazon is based on the World Bank funded, Dictatorship era Polonoroeste project, which killed thousands and devastated Rondonia's rainforest. To Bolsonaro and his military aids, there was nothing wrong with it.
http://www.brasilwire.com/rondonization-world-bank-dictatorship-and-the-amazon/

world bank appears to always have played a major role in EHM; The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man (John Perkins)
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
Economic Hit Man
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man which
strategy extends back at least to WAR IS RACKET
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket

More EHM
https://www.bkconnection.com/bkblog/jeevan-sivasubramaniam/five-examples-of-how-economic-hit-men-still-operate-globally-today
More EHM, including against our own people
https://www.yesmagazine.org/new-economy/more-confessions-of-an-economic-hit-man-this-time-theyre-coming-for-your-democracy-20160318

also the economic mess last decade, "Confidence Men", has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public.
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

current news is China now using "debt bombs" ... emulating the "economic hit man" practices.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

economic hit man posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#103 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#105 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#64 The World America Made
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#56 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#37 You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#83 Firefighting: The Financial Crisis and Its Lessons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#38 Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#40 When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#29 The Coming Economic Crash -- And How to Stop It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#38 World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#74 Eric Holder is the Official Missing from Discussions of the Bidens' Ukrainian Efforts

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump Administration Scaling Back Rules Meant to Stop Corporate Inversions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Trump Administration Scaling Back Rules Meant to Stop Corporate Inversions
Date: 01 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Trump Administration Scaling Back Rules Meant to Stop Corporate Inversions. The Treasury Department says the Obama-era regulations are unnecessary after the 2017 tax overhaul
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/31/business/trump-treasury-corporate-inversions.html
(... not even close)

Late 80s, early 90s ... corporations with large labor forces were reorganizing so all the profit was being booked into subsidiaries with small headcount. Airlines moved profit into computerized ticketing & reservations (thousands of employees) ... while operations (hundred of thousands of employees) broke even (showing no profit was tactic in union negotiations). Mid-90s with fuel cost increases, operations were running at a loss, while parent company had huge profit (computerized ticket profits vastly more than operations losses). Later one of the airlines declared bankruptcy for their operations and dumped all the pensions onto gov (PBGC, but there were lots of open questions about parent corporation's books).

After the turn of the century, new regulations allowed the profit making subsidiaries move to tax havens. Poster child is large heavy machinery maker, builds, sells, and delivers in the US. Then created distributorship in European tax haven. Equipment still made in the US and all sales&deliveries direct to US customers ... however, equipment has wholesale transfer to the tax haven distributorship at cost ... and then the books show that sales are made from the tax haven distributor as well as all the profit. Tax havens sometimes only a percent or less ("shoebox" subsidiary corporations, taxes all "profits" and no costs).
https://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks
http://wolfstreet.com/2014/11/08/as-luxembourg-takes-the-heat-the-worlds-worst-tax-haven-the-city-of-london-remains-hidden-in-plain-sight/
https://www.taxjustice.net/2019/09/29/tax-havens-britains-second-empire/
https://www.amazon.com/Treasure-Islands-Uncovering-Offshore-Banking-ebook/dp/B004OA6420/

tax evasion, fraud, haven, avoidance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 02 Nov 2019 13:00:41 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Makes you wonder why most wars are fought. I think the case could be made that if the results had been different in just about any war the course of history would have jogged a bit and then moved back to its original course.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#90 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book

Milton Miles book ("A Different Kind of War") first half was about going into china to setup coastal watchers but then spent much of the rest training 50,000 guerrillas fighting the Japanese. He then spends the last half of the book about how OSS (Donovan) and Army (Wedemeyer) gave china to the communists. They came in and wanted to take over the whole (nationalists) operation. State, US Navy and Nationalists rebuffed them, so to get something they could take credit for, they support the communists.
https://www.amazon.com/different-kind-war-little-known-guerrilla/dp/B0007IYOFW/
https://books.google.com/books/about/A_Different_Kind_of_War.html?id=U4pBAAAAIAAJ

Miles also castigates Marshall for supporting Wedemeyer during this period. He also refers to (from the law of unintended consequences) towards the end of WW2, the Chinese Army Units in Japanese occupied terroritory tried to come over to the nationalist and the US Army vetoed it, so they went over to the communists. It was these Chinese Army units that were sent to fight the US in North Korea.

What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China; Marshall couldn't stop the Chinese Civil War, but what did he learn?
https://thediplomat.com/2019/05/what-george-marshall-learned-from-his-time-in-china/
Shortly after the end of World War II, President Truman dispatched one of his most senior military officers, General George Marshall, to China in order to broker a peace between Nationalist and Communist factions. Truman and Marshall believed peace to be possible, and (influenced to some extent by the U.S. Army mission during the war), Marshall believed that leaning on Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalists was the best way to achieve this peace. By 1947 Marshall would leave China, the civil war in full swing and his mission in shambles.
... snip ...

The book has Marshall&Wedemeyer very close ... and then beginning red scare era, Wedemeyer was telling Marshall one thing and the McCarthy people something else
https://www.amazon.com/China-Mission-Marshalls-Unfinished-1945-1947/dp/0393240959/
loc5495-99:
Others joined in McCarthy's crusade. Wedemeyer helped quietly at first, and then, having whispered darkly about Marshall ever since the canceled ambassadorship, went public. Wedemeyer's self-congratulatory memoir alleged that exhaustion and intellectual shortcomings had made Marshall "easy prey to crypto-Communists, or Communist sympathizing sycophants, who played on his vanity to accomplish their own ends." Marshall's China mission, according to Wedemeyer, caused the Nationalists to become "so disheartened and demoralized by our attitude that they finally ceased to resist the Communists."
... snip ...

Marshall is SECSTATE (1947-1949) and State puts out white paper trying to absolve State of blame for giving China to the communists
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/
... aka, no korea, no domino theory, no vietnam.

trivia: after command in Europe during WW2, my wife's father was sent to China as military advisor to Chiang Kai-shek in 1946 and brought the family over in 1947 to live in Nanking(Nanjing). The family was evacuated on 3hrs notice in army cargo plane when the city was ringed.

recent posts mentioning giving china to the communists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#86 What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#72 This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 02 Nov 2019 13:09:50 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
It's not widely publicized how badly we treated the tories. In many respects the revolution was a class war between the rich, who supported the status quo, and the poor and middle class, who wanted to redistribute the wealth. OTOH,although many tories skipped to Canada during the revolution, some stayed and did well here afterwards.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#90 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#94 OT, "new" Heinlein book

my wife's father was given a set of 1880 history books for some distinction at west point.
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org

it has if the scottish/irish hadn't prevailed over the english settlers, our form of government would look much more like rigid english class structure with monarch.

Note the original English settlement was Jamestown that had planned to follow the Spanish model, military to enslave the local natives to support the settlement. It turns out that the North American natives weren't as cooperative and the original settlement starved. English then switched to sending over other members of the British Isles to serve the purpose. The crown charters for those settlements had rigid social structure with the leet-men at the bottom and "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations".

inequality posts
http://www.garrlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 03 Nov 2019 10:40:47 -1000
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
You misspelled 'GOP nutcases who emulate Nazism'. Liberals have nothing to do with our current crises.

During depresssion, union and communists help US from going all out fascism. Lots of wallstreet and corporations were supporting Hitler and the Nazis ...

reference to Dulles major role in rebuilding German economy, industry, military from 20s up through early 40s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book

The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004
The truth, then, is that Long and Coughlin, together with the influential Communist Party and other leftist organizations, helped save the New Deal from becoming genuinely fascist, from devolving into the dictatorial rule of big business. The pressures towards fascism remained, as reactionary sectors of business began to have significant victories against the Second New Deal starting in the late 1930s. But the genuine power that organized labor had achieved by then kept the U.S. from sliding into all-out fascism (in the Marxist sense) in the following decades.

... snip ...

aka "Coming of America Fascism" shows countering the "New Deal" becoming fascist ... which had been the objective of the capitalists ... and possibly contributed to forcing them further into the Nazi/fascist camp.

reference to Butler blowing whistle on American Fascists plotting to overthrow gov.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book

... aka it was not "un-american activity" ... purely an american fascist effort.
https://timeline.com/business-plot-overthrow-fdr-9a59a012c32a?gi=4a89a8a04b7d
Also implicated in the plot was Al Smith, former New York governor and 1928 Democratic presidential nominee, as well as Prescott Bush, a banker, future Connecticut senator, and father to George H. W. Bush and grandfather to George W. Bush.

... snip ...

aka these fascists were purely american ... not foreign govs trying to undermine america ... but americans (trying to undermine america).

reference to Harvard ... on pretense of sending over people to bring capitalism to Russia ... they sent kleptocrats intent on looting the country (although possibly major capitalists have always been kleptocrats)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book

I was slightly involved in the capitalism effort ... plan to build 5,000 brick&mortor banks @$1M, part of creating capitalist economy ... however, the looting effort had already begun and everything fell apart before banking effort got started.

Exposed! A Serial Whistleblower's Story with Bill Black
http://macroncheese.com/exposed-a-serial-whistleblowers-story-with-bill-black
Bill Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
S&L scandal
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black#Savings_and_loan_scandal

VP George H. W. Bush (and former CIA director) repeatedly denies knowing anything about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

then last decade, George W. Bush is president and presides over perpetual wars, federal debt explosion and the economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis.

As I've periodically mentioned in Jan1999 I was asked to help try and stop the coming economic mess (we failed) ... recent post/thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#48 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick

recent earlier thread in a.f.c.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#68 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#73 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 03 Nov 2019 11:14:29 -1000
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
So how many people do you know, personally, who lived under Communism? Not propagandists like Solzhenitsyn who have an act to grind and don't have the brains to shut up once it becomes clear that they have drawn the ire of the political machine, but ordinary farmers and shopkeepers and factory workers and others who don't really give a rat's behind about political theory?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book

From CSPAN, talks about extraordinary cooperation between US & Russia military in the 90s, 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
https://www.c-span.org/video/?419918-3/implementation-nunnlugar-ac
Nunn-Lugar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nunn%E2%80%93Lugar_Cooperative_Threat_Reduction

also for a time, surveying was an enormous growth business ... because had to establish boundaries (and corresponding records) for the purpose of (capitalist) "ownership"

extraordinary cooperation before US style capitalist kleptocracy blew things up, US kleptocray has long history ... even predating banana republics

however, before the cooperation collapses, the soviet archives were opened to US researches ... and I've been at presentations on things that they've found.

past posts mentioning Nunn-Lugar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#56 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#83 Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#65 View of Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#69 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#39 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#69 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#82 John Helmer: Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#50 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#75 Nassim Nicholas Taleb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#45 Why Finance Is Too Important to Leave to Larry Summers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 04 Nov 2019 16:32:05 -1000
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
And would the Thais have been worse off with a home-grown Communist government than with the US bombing them to rubble to "save" them?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#90 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#94 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#95 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#97 OT, "new" Heinlein book

mcnamara was lemay's staff planning fire bombing cities in ww2, left for the auto industry and came back as secdef for vietnam ... where laos become the most bombed country in the world
http://legaciesofwar.org/about-laos/secret-war-laos/
From 1964 to 1973, the U.S. dropped more than two million tons of ordnance on Laos during 580,000 bombing missions -- equal to a planeload of bombs every 8 minutes, 24-hours a day, for 9 years -- making Laos the most heavily bombed country per capita in history
... snip ...

Watch the US Drop 2.5 Million Tons of Bombs on Laos; Picturing the deadly legacy of America's secret war in the world's most bombed-out country.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2014/03/laos-vietnam-war-us-bombing-uxo

The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
https://www.amazon.com/Road-Not-Taken-Lansdale-American-ebook/dp/B073VXL9RV/
pg459/loc8358-60:
A few years later, at the height of the American war in 1968, an anonymous Army major would be quoted saying, "It became necessary to destroy the town to save it." The philosophy embodied in those chilling words was already evident in Operation Starlite.
... snip ...

Just and Unjust Wars
https://www.amazon.com/Just-Unjust-Wars-Historical-Illustrations-ebook/dp/B00PSSCSZO/
pg191/loc4169-72:
In August 1967, during Operation Benton, the "pacification" camps became so full that Army units were ordered not to "generate" any more refugees. The Army complied. But search and destroy operations continued. Only now the peasants were not warned before an air-strike was called on their village. They were killed in their villages because there was no room for them in the swamped pacification camps.

pg192/loc4188-89:
But in this case, the argument is clear, for the defense of resettlement comes down finally to a claim something like that made by an American officer with reference to the town of Ben Tre: we had to destroy the town in order to save it.
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts about destroy town to save it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#87 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#30 AM radio Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#82 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#90 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#21 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#32 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#101 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#9 Buying Victory: Money as a Weapon on the Battlefields of Today and Tomorrow

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
Date: 06 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
https://www.fastcompany.com/90426559/is-america-ready-to-tackle-economic-inequality

Data shows that employee compensation nearly flat-line around late 70s and early 80s until now (even though productivity and corporate earnings significantly increased, the difference going to pockets of those at the very top).

Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of workers, researchers say
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2018/12/17/politicians-have-deliberately-eroded-workers-power-resulting-collapse-pay-bottom-percent-researchers-say/
Destruction of Middle Class
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html
The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization
How GE, GM, Coca-Cola And Kodak Put Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2017/06/29/how-ge-gm-coca-cola-kodak-put-shareholders-ahead-of-employees/
from here (updated July2019)
http://www.epi.org/productivity-pay-gap/
Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/05/meet-economist-behind-one-percents-stealth-takeover-america.html
Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas

Even Stockman (Reagan's budget director in the 80s, and involved in that early capitalist metamorphosis) has written a book on how deplorable the situation has gotten: "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

At the same time, the aggregate total corporate tax revenue has significantly declined. The most recent corporate tax cuts have further exacerbated the problem, although claim was that it would go to new jobs and worker compensation, but over 95% went to stock buybacks (used to prop up stock prices) and executive compensation. Poster child was company claimed that every employee would get $1000 bonus (actually said "up to $1000") ... even if every employee got full $1000 bonus, it would only be 2% of the total, all the rest went to stock buyback and executive compensation.

One of the changes in the eighties, started seeing corporations with large number employees, reorganizing into multiple subsidiaries with operations containing most of the employees in one subsidiary, and a much smaller subsidiary where most of the profit is booked in different subsidiaries. This shows up in airlines where operations (where majority of the employees are) were run at break-even or loss and nearly all the profit was booked in computerized tickets operation (with few employees). All as union negotiation ploy ... few raises for union members when company wasn't making any money. Mid-90s there was spike in fuel costs driving airline operations further into the red ... however, the parent company was making significant profit, booking all the profit in selling the tickets more than offset losses in airline operations.

They then got new administration after turn of the century, to allow the subsidiary (where all the profit is booked) to be moved to tax haven. Poster child is large US construction machinery maker that builds, sells, and delivers all in the US. They created distributor subsidiary in tax haven, transfers equipment to the distributorship at near cost, and books shows it sells to the customers in the US (even though the equipment and the money never actually leaves the US), but all the "profit" is then booked in the tax haven. The corporations in these tax havens are frequently referred to as "shoe box corporation" ... frequently being nothing more than a box with the incorporation papers. Tax haven companies that specialize in "show box corporations" while have large shelves filled with massive numbers of these boxes.
https://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks
http://wolfstreet.com/2014/11/08/as-luxembourg-takes-the-heat-the-worlds-worst-tax-haven-the-city-of-london-remains-hidden-in-plain-sight/
https://www.taxjustice.net/2019/09/29/tax-havens-britains-second-empire/
https://www.amazon.com/Treasure-Islands-Uncovering-Offshore-Banking-ebook/dp/B004OA6420/

More recently one of these airlines declared bankruptcy in airline operations (even though there are unanswered questions about the parent company financials) and dumped the employee pensions on government PBGC (which significantly cut the pension benefits).

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. He would include that former military officers steeped in rigid top-down command&control (and belief that only those at the very top knew what they were doing) were starting to destroy US corporate culture as they climbed corporate ladders (although about the same time, articles started appearing MBAs were starting to destroy US corporations with their myopic concentration on quarterly numbers and monopolizing markets). Then in 89/90, the Commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for Corps make-over (part of it is leaders not commanders).

Only those at the very top know what they are doing shows up last decade when the ratio of top executive pay to avg work pay hits over 400:1 ... after being 20:1 for most of the time. At the start of the century I had been asked to analyze a periodic financial publication that gave enormous number of financial numbers for the avg. of the top ten national institutions compared to the avg. of the top 20 regional institutions. There were no analysis just the numbers, after 20mins or so, I was able to show that the regional institutions were much more efficient than the national institutions (many of which would the too big to fail). The only seemingly motivation for the national institutions seemed to be executive compensation was proportional to institution size, not how well a job they were doing. Of course in Jan1999, I was also asked to help try and prevent the economic mess (we failed), which involved many of those same national institutions. Early part of this decade many of those same too big to fail also became known for being too big to prosecute and too big to jail for find to be involved in lots of other fraudulent activity, money laundering for terrorists and drug cartels (directly tied to their being able to obtain massive amounts of military grade equipment and weapons), manipulating markets (commodities, LIBOR, FOREX), etc.

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
tax evasion, fraud, haven, avoidance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc#tax.evasion
Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
LIBOR posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
Date: 06 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#99 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?

The U.S. Only Pretends to Have Free Markets. From plane tickets to cellphone bills, monopoly power costs American consumers billions of dollars a year.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/10/europe-not-america-home-free-market/600859/
Twenty years later, this is no longer the case. Internet service, cellphone plans, and plane tickets are now much cheaper in Europe and Asia than in the United States, and the price differences are staggering. In 2018, according to data gathered by the comparison site Cable, the average monthly cost of a broadband internet connection was $29 in Italy, $31 in France, $32 in South Korea, and $37 in Germany and Japan. The same connection cost $68 in the United States, putting the country on par with Madagascar, Honduras, and Swaziland.
... snip ...

Similar capitalism and social democracy ... have pros & cons and can be used for checks & balances ... example, On War
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8/
loc394-95:
As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the State.
... snip ...

the government needed general population standard of living sufficient that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the capitalists in raising the general population standard of living.

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html
Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change.
... snip ...

At the same time, business schools: The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:
In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards
... snip ....

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This Is a Horror Story: How Private Equity Vampires Are Killing Everything

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: This Is a Horror Story: How Private Equity Vampires Are Killing Everything
Date: 06 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
This Is a Horror Story: How Private Equity Vampires Are Killing Everything. Corporate plundering did not start and will not stop with Deadspin
https://www.thenation.com/article/private-equity-deadspin/

Private Equity and Surprise Medical Billing
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/09/private-equity-and-surprise-medical-billing.html
Private Equity: The Perps Behind Destructive Hospital Surprise Billing
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/08/private-equity-the-perps-behind-destructive-hospital-surprise-billing.html
Private Equity Tries to Protect Another Profit Center. Congress must step in to protect insured patients from unfair and unexpected medical charges.
https://cepr.shorthandstories.com/private-equity-surprise-billing/index.html

Private-equity has gotten reputation for taking over companies, extracting whatever assets possible, putting them under enormous debt load and motivating them to cut-corners and extract money every way possible. Borrowing money and then placing enormous debt on the subject company results in over half of corporate defaults (what is strange is that the defaults never seem to affect the credit rating of the original borrowers):
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html

Last decade they moved heavily into gov. contractors and beltway bandits (including company that will employ Snowden) ... and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource Federal gov. to their subsidiaries.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

enormous uptic in gov. outsourcing, just intelligence: 70% of $80B budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

and significantly speeding up the spreading success of failure culture, lots more money for for-profit companies in the private-equity mills with a series of failures (analogous to military-industrial complex "perpetual war", actually winning a war might reduce the budget) ... claims that it also significantly contributes to the Intelligence failures.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MIPS chart for all IBM hardware model

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: MIPS chart for all IBM hardware model
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 7 Nov 2019 13:41:42 -0800
smetz3@GMU.EDU (Seymour J Metz) writes:
Of course, IBM does not claim that those numbers reflect a Meaningless Indicator of Processor Speed (MIPS), but rather a well defined (LSPR ITR) benchmark.

Jim Gray was one of the primary behind people original SQL/RDBMS, System/R ... and then left IBM Research (trying to palm off bunch of stuff on me) for Tandem, then DEC, then microsoft.

One of the things he did starting while at Tandem was standardized DBMS trasnaction benchmarks
http://www.tpc.org/information/who/gray.asp
https://jimgray.azurewebsites.net/

numbers per system, numbers per total system cost $$$, and more recently numbers per power.

both cluster supercomputer(grid) and cloud megadatacenter so significantly drop system costs (claim for over a decade that they assemble blade systems for 1/3rd cost of brand name systems) ... that power/cooling was becoming increasingly major part of total-cost-of-ownership.

I continued to see some mainframe industry standard TPC numbers up to some time last decade ... but haven't found anything since then. past published numbers of mainframe "MIPS" (now BIPS)
z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017


2010 was when they published z196 "peak I/O" benchmark getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (protocol running over industry fibre channel standard). This was also about the same time that a fibre channel was announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (for single fibre channel, two such having higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre channel).

At the time, E5-2600 blades had benchmarks of 400BIPS-530BIPS (depending on model, industry standard is number of iterations compared to 370/158-3 assumed to be 1MIPS) ... and at the time IBM base list price for E5-2600 blade was $1815 (about $3/BIPS) compared to $30M for max configured z196 (or about $600,000/BIPS, not including devices, software and services). It was not long later that server chip makers announce they were shipping over half their product directly to cloud megadatacenters (where they assemble for 1/3rd the cost of brand named servers, 1/3rd IBM's $3/BIPS is $1/BIPS), and IBM sells off its server business.

trivia: cache miss, memory latency ... when measured in number of processor cycles ... is compareable to 60s disk I/O latency when measured in count of 60s processor cycles. z196 claim is over half the z10->196 per processor improvement (469MIPS to 625MIPS) is the introduction of memory latency compensating technology (that have been in other platforms for decades), out-of-order execution, hyperthreading, branch prediction, etc. ... sort of hardware equivalent to 60s multitasking.

FICON trivia: 1980s, STL was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg (with dataprocessing back to STL datacenter). They tried "remote" 3270s ... but found human factors horrible compared to local channel-attached controllers in the bldg. I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support allowing local channel-attached controllers to be placed at the offsite bldg (and don't see any difference in human factors between local and offiste). The hardware vendor tries to get IBM approval to ship my support, but a group in POK playing with some serial stuff, get it vetoed because they were afraid that it would make it harder to ship their stuff. In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL (national lab) standardize some serial stuff they are playing with, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff I did in 1980). The POK people finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already obsolete. Later some POK people become involved in fibre channel standard and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically reduces the native I/O throughput that eventually ships as FICON.

channel extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Nov 2019 12:13:47 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
We could have bombed the transportation facilities, which would have made sense.

which was a lot of the indiscriminate bombing in Laos (ho chi minh trail). "Kill Chain: The Rise of the High-Tech Assassins"
https://www.amazon.com/Kill-Chain-Rise-High-Tech-Assassins-ebook/dp/B00MSZ5BBI/
pg31/loc556-60:
Task Force Alpha was finally switched off on December 31, 1972. Out in the jungle, the last sensors went on faithfully broadcasting sounds, movements, and smells that no one would hear, until their batteries ran down. Once the last raid on Laos had flown home—an average of one planeload of bombs had landed on that country every eight minutes, twenty-four hours a day, for nine years—the surviving So Tri emerged from the hidden dugouts where they had waited out the cataclysm and returned to rebuild their ruined villages amid the countless craters. They did not teach their children about the war.
... snip ...

Also bombing continues to kill and maim people ... lots of B52 bombs didn't explode (immediately) "American Reckoning: The Vietnam War and Our National Identity"
https://www.amazon.com/American-Reckoning-Vietnam-National-Identity-ebook/dp/B00LFZ87LS/
loc2719-21:
A single B-52, loaded with cluster bombs, could cover a square mile with 7.5 million steel pellets firing out in every direction. Bomblets that failed to explode on contact could explode years and even decades later when inadvertently dislodged by farmers or picked up by children.
... snip ...

a little computer drift, IBM in vietnam ... posted to Collins radio thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#77

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#90 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#94 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#95 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#97 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#98 OT, "new" Heinlein book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MIPS chart for all IBM hardware model

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: MIPS chart for all IBM hardware model
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 7 Nov 2019 23:23:32 -0800
gibney@WSU.EDU (Gibney, Dave) writes:
Unfortunately, my search for Phil's tables ended here.
https://audifans.com/mirror/www.isham-research.co.uk/mips.html


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#102 MIPS chart for all IBM hardware model

you are better with this from wayback machine ... 2016
https://web.archive.org/web/20160315224541/http://www.isham-research.co.uk/mips.html
base
https://web.archive.org/web/20160315143331/http://www.isham-research.co.uk/

the audifans copy ... only some of hrefs are swizzled to point relative to the copy ... so many go to original URL (not the copy) ... which is now something totally different.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 08 Nov 2019 13:41:59 -1000
hancock4 writes:
I don't know what happened with Iraq. Was it a deliberate lie or a screwup by incompetents?

long winded, when the newly elected democratic government wanted to review the Anglo-Persian contract, US arranged coup and backed Shah as front
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr%2E
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the dreaded secret police to keep Shah in power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

The US was upset with Iranian people revolting against the brutal US-backed dictator, former CIA Director Bush is now VP supporting Saddam and Iraq in Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Rumsfeld is involved in US supplying Iraq weapons, including WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

also unleashes the Saudi violent, extreme Wahhabi Muslims against the Soviets in Afghanistan (but also the rest of the world, from the law of unintendeed consequences that come back to bite you, 9/11; bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 are Saudis). (Bush) Family Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Mattis more PC (polically correct) about Iran, brutal US-backed dictators, and Saudi/Wahhabi
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, H. is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crises), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with cousin (white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

WMD posts
submisc.html#wmds

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly (funds cut from the "Team B" days and the wall falling), that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (later showing up in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

The countries invaded/attacked last decade are some of the ones fighting Saudi Wahhabism (estimates that 96% of world Muslim terrorist events are Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism
The majority of Sunni and Shia Muslims worldwide disagree with the interpretation of Wahhabism, and many Muslims denounce them as a faction or a "vile sect".[7] Islamic scholars, including those from the Al-Azhar University, regularly denounce Wahhabism with terms such as "Satanic faith".[33] Wahhabism has been accused of being "a source of global terrorism",[34][35] inspiring the ideology of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),[36] and for causing disunity in Muslim communities by labelling Muslims who disagreed with the Wahhabi definition of monotheism as apostates[37] (takfir) and justifying their killing.[38][39][40] It has also been criticized for the destruction of historic shrines of saints, mausoleums, and other Muslim and non-Muslim buildings and artifacts.[41][42][43]
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

Initially, families of 9/11 victims were prohibited suing the Saudi gov for 9/11 responsibility. That was changed in fall of 2013 ... possibly because of big uptic in fracking and getting off Saudi oil dependency?

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims
http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#90 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#94 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#95 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#97 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#98 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#103 OT, "new" Heinlein book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT, "new" Heinlein book

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT, "new" Heinlein book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 09 Nov 2019 15:08:49 -1000
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
For might makes right And 'till they've seen the light They've got to be protected All their rights respected Until someone who we like can get elected. -- Tom Lehrer: Send the Marines

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#105 OT, "new" Heinlein book

Smedley Butler (highest ranking & decorated marine)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
has many of US efforts, strictly profit motivated ... although military expense has to be foisted off on the tax payers, downside required some fabrication for the tax payers to support it (also plays major theme in Iraq invasion).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
he was also approached to participate in fascist overthrow of the gov. ... and blew the whistle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot
In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country. No evidence was presented and this committee had none to show a connection between this effort and any fascist activity of any European country. There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient.
... snip ...

... aka it was not "un-american activity" ... purely an american fascist effort.
https://timeline.com/business-plot-overthrow-fdr-9a59a012c32a?gi=4a89a8a04b7d
Also implicated in the plot was Al Smith, former New York governor and 1928 Democratic presidential nominee, as well as Prescott Bush, a banker, future Connecticut senator, and father to George H. W. Bush and grandfather to George W. Bush.
... snip ...

more recent it is "Economic Hit Men"
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
and Economic Hit Man
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
talks about when bribary doesn't work and other forms fail looting the country ... they will send in the "jackals" (some form of gov assassins)

recent related afc thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
earlier post in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
Date: 10 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://churchandstate.org.uk/2016/04/the-great-scandal-christianitys-role-in-the-rise-of-the-nazis/

note that John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.
... snip ...

The congressmen responsible for the US Neutrality Act claimed it was in reaction to the enormous (US) war profiteering they saw during WW1. The capitalists intent on doing business with Nazi Germany respin that as isolationism

Later somewhat replay of the 1940 celebration, there was conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004
The truth, then, is that Long and Coughlin, together with the influential Communist Party and other leftist organizations, helped save the New Deal from becoming genuinely fascist, from devolving into the dictatorial rule of big business. The pressures towards fascism remained, as reactionary sectors of business began to have significant victories against the Second New Deal starting in the late 1930s. But the genuine power that organized labor had achieved by then kept the U.S. from sliding into all-out fascism (in the Marxist sense) in the following decades. ... snip ...

aka "Coming of America Fascism" shows countered the "New Deal" becoming fascist ... which had been the objective of the capitalists ... and possibly contributed to forcing them further into the Nazi/fascist camp.

Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
wrote War Is A Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
Was invited to participate in military/fascists overthrow of the US Gov. ... and blew the whistle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot
In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country. No evidence was presented and this committee had none to show a connection between this effort and any fascist activity of any European country. There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient.
... snip ...

... aka it was not "un-american activity" ... purely an american fascist effort.
https://timeline.com/business-plot-overthrow-fdr-9a59a012c32a?gi=4a89a8a04b7d
Also implicated in the plot was Al Smith, former New York governor and 1928 Democratic presidential nominee, as well as Prescott Bush, a banker, future Connecticut senator, and father to George H. W. Bush and grandfather to George W. Bush.
... snip ...

My wife's father was command of engineering combat group in Europe during WW2 and towards the end, frequent ranking officer into parts of Germany ... getting a collection of German officer daggers in surrenders ... including a camp. After end of hostilities, he refused further command in Germany ... even when promised promotion to General (conjecture because of camps, he retires nearly 20yrs later w/o being promoted). He had a large collection of photos from the camp ... possibly part of Eisenhower's direction to extensively document so future generations won't forget.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dwight_D._Eisenhower
In 1945 Eisenhower anticipated that someday an attempt would be made to recharacterize Nazi crimes as propaganda (Holocaust denial) and took steps against it by demanding extensive still and movie photographic documentation of Nazi death camps.
... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Fascism, Dulles, Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#91 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#0 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#45 Sand and Steel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#83 Why The Dollar Rules The World - And Why Its Reign Could End
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#93 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#16 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#64 Capitalism as we know it is dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#73 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#79 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#84 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dyanmic Adaptive Resource Manager

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Dyanmic Adaptive Resource Manager
Date: 10 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
I had written dynamic adaptive resource manager as undergraduate in the 60s for CP67 ... and IBM picked it up and shipped it in the product. In the morph of CP67 to VM370 lots of code was dropped and/or greatly simplified.

After joining IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters. During the 1st part of the 70s, there was the "Future System" project which was totally different from 370 and was going to completely replace 370 ... and 370 efforts were being shutdown (lack of 370 products during the FS period is credited with giving clone 370 makers market foothold). I continued to work on 370 stuff and would periodically ridicule the FS activity (which wasn't exactly career enhancing). When FS implodes, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipeline ... quick&dirty 3033 & 3081 were kicked off in parallel ... some past refs
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
That mad rush contributed to decision to picking up a bunch of stuff from my internal production systems and including in VM/370 release 3. The resource manager stuff (a decade after originally doing it in the 60s) was decided to package as separate charged for product (guinea pig for transition starting to charge for operating system software) ... originally for Release 3.

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
resource manager posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

Original guidelines for charging for operating system software was hardware support software still had to be free. In the original CP67->VM370 they eliminated all the multiprocessor support. I had put a lot of that back in for my internal production systems ... and also included some of it in the "resource manager" product (reorg of lots of kernel pieces needed by multiprocessor support). When it came time to ship multiprocessor in VM/370 release 4 ... they had a huge problem, a lot of the required code was in the charged for "resource manager". The solution was to move 90% of the release 3 resource manager into the free release 4 base ... while leaving the price of the release 4 resource manager the same as release 3.

multiprocessor, smp, and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

old email about migrating much of my internal cp67 stuff to vm370 release 2 .... some of which was then picked up for release 3 and/or resource manager ... but not all, included my CMS paged mapped filesystem (that could run at least 3times faster than standard)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

only a very small subset of the shared segment (integrated with page-mapped cms filesystem) was integrated into release 3 as DCSS

page mapped filesystem posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap
shared segment related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#adcon

when doing the CP67 work, also did lots of benchmarking ... specify configuration, kernel, workload, etc. As part of moving code to vm370, also did the autolog command to automate the benchmarks ... including being able to reboot between selected benchmarks ... could run a couple hundred unattended over the weekend. initial transition to vm370 ... benchmarking was guaranteed to crash ... until had moved the cp67 internal kernel serialization mechanism ... got rid of nearly all the serializaton/timing system crashes as well as all zombie users (although they managed to munge things later and some came back). For initial release of the (release 3) vm370 resource manager performed a sequence of 2000 automated benchmarks that took 3months elapsed time.

benchmark posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bench

background: In the 23Jun1969 unbundling announcement ... start to charge for SE services, (application) software (they managed to make case kernel software was still free), maintenance, etc. With the rise of clone 370 makers and the implosion of FS, they make the decision to start charging for kernel software also and my resource manager was selected to be the first guinea pig.

unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

trivia: A few years ago, on ibm-main mailing list (dates back to the 80s on BITNET), one of the customers asked me to track down the decision to make all 370s "virtual memory". Old archived post with stuff from somebody I found that was involved (i.e. MVT storage management was so bad that regions typically needed to be four times larger than actually used, limiting 1mbyte 370/165 to four regions; virtual memory would allow 4times increase in number of regions with little or no paging)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ROMP & Displaywriter

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: ROMP & Displaywriter
Date: 10 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Note: ROMP was originally going to be DISPLAYWRITER followon (all written in PL.8). When that got canceled, it was decided to retarget to the unix workstation market. The displaywriter people were put to work doing an abstract, high-level virtual machine interface (VRM, implemented in PL.8)). The company that had done AT&T unix port for IBM/PC, was hired to do a port to VRM (were told that it would be much simpler than to bare hardware) ... which is announced as PC/RT and AIX.

Palo Alto was busy doing port of UCB BSD to IBM mainframe, when they were retargeted to do the port to PC/RT instead (to bare hardware, took significantly fewer resources than either VRM or AIX). This is released as AOS .... which was then used for academic market. Some amount of discord between Palo Alto and Austin ... with a few people in Palo Alto and the growing hundreds in Austin (including contractors).

nother problem with PC/RT AIX & VRM ... some part of the UNIX market was use to writing device drivers for non-standard devices. In the VRM world almost becomes impossible ... still could do a C-language driver that interfaced to VRM ... but then there had to be a PL.8 language device driver in the VRM.

In the academic market that sold AOS (BSD unix) on PC/RT ... w/o any VRM ... it looked like regular unix operation.

Another unix "work alike" was UCLA's LOCUS ... which Palo Alto ported to IBM mainframe and 386 (after having done USB BSD port to PC/RT for AOS in the education market) ... which becomes AIX/370 and AIX/386 ... supported integrated distributed operation across platforms (even with dissimilar architecture)

801/romp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ROMP & Displaywriter

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: ROMP & Displaywriter
Date: 10 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#109 ROMP & Displaywriter

The last product we did at IBM (before leaving) was HA/CMP for RS/6000. We had originally been tasked to do "high availability" HA/6000, but when I started doing cluster scaleup work (technical/scientific) with national labs and (commercial) with RDBMS vendors, I changed the product name to HA/CMP. Old post about Jan1992 cluster scaleup (128-way) meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks of the Ellison meeting, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*), and we are told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. A few months later we leave IBM.

A few years after leaving IBM, we have some discussions with Boeing Computer Services about CATIA (as undergraduate in the 60s, I had been hired fulltime into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of BCS). The BCS discussion was that they needed access to the plane design information for functions that CATIA didn't support (and data was stored in an unavailable CATIA proprietary format). One example was that decades in the future they would need to identify all available places a specific part was located in plane being used for spare parts. They also felt that CATIA was unfairly favoring AIRBUS.

801/romp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

trivia: When we were out marketing HA/CMP, I coined the terms disaster survivability (as contrast to disaster/recovery) and geographic survivability. Then because we were doing HA/CMP, I was asked to do a section for the Corporate Continuous Availability Strategy document. However it got pulled when both Rochester (AS/400) and POK (mainframe) complained that they couldn't meet the implementation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's Richest 1% Now Own As Much Wealth As The Middle And Lower Classes Combined

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: America's Richest 1% Now Own As Much Wealth As The Middle And Lower Classes Combined
Date: 14 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
America's Richest 1% Now Own As Much Wealth As The Middle And Lower Classes Combined
https://www.zerohedge.com/economics/americas-richest-1-now-own-much-wealth-middle-and-lower-classes-combined

other recent articles

Have billionaires accumulated their wealth illegitimately? - The lives of the 0.0001%
https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/2019/11/07/have-billionaires-accumulated-their-wealth-illegitimately
How the Fed Boosts the 1%, as Told by the Fed
https://wolfstreet.com/2019/11/10/the-wolf-street-report-how-the-fed-boosts-the-1-as-told-by-the-fed/
How the Fed Boosts the 1%: Even the Upper Middle Class Loses Share of Household Wealth to the 1%. Bottom Half Gets Screwed
https://wolfstreet.com/2019/11/13/how-the-fed-boosts-the-1-even-the-upper-middle-class-loses-share-of-household-wealth-to-the-1-the-bottom-half-gets-screwed/
How the Fed Boosts the 1%: Even the Upper Middle Class Loses Share of Household Wealth to the 1%. Bottom Half Gets Screwed
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/11/how-the-fed-boosts-the-1-even-the-upper-middle-class-loses-share-of-household-wealth-to-the-1-bottom-half-gets-screwed.html

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
Date: 14 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
https://www.npr.org/2012/02/12/145472726/when-the-bankers-plotted-to-overthrow-fdr

The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004
The truth, then, is that Long and Coughlin, together with the influential Communist Party and other leftist organizations, helped save the New Deal from becoming genuinely fascist, from devolving into the dictatorial rule of big business. The pressures towards fascism remained, as reactionary sectors of business began to have significant victories against the Second New Deal starting in the late 1930s. But the genuine power that organized labor had achieved by then kept the U.S. from sliding into all-out fascism (in the Marxist sense) in the following decades.
... snip ...

aka "Coming of America Fascism" shows countered the "New Deal" becoming fascist ... which had been the objective of the capitalists ... and possibly contributed to forcing them further into the Nazi/fascist camp.

Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
wrote War Is A Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
Was invited to participate in military/fascists overthrow of the US Gov. ... and blew the whistle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot
In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country. No evidence was presented and this committee had none to show a connection between this effort and any fascist activity of any European country. There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient.
... snip ...

... aka it was not "un-american activity" ... purely an american fascist effort.
https://timeline.com/business-plot-overthrow-fdr-9a59a012c32a?gi=4a89a8a04b7d
Also implicated in the plot was Al Smith, former New York governor and 1928 Democratic presidential nominee, as well as Prescott Bush, a banker, future Connecticut senator, and father to George H. W. Bush and grandfather to George W. Bush.
... snip ...

note that John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.
... snip ...

Later somewhat replay of the 1940 celebration, there was conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

recent fascists posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#91 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#0 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#45 Sand and Steel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#93 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#73 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#79 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#84 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
Date: 14 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
https://www.stripes.com/news/us/post-9-11-wars-have-cost-american-taxpayers-6-4-trillion-study-finds-1.607157
American taxpayers have spent some $6.4 trillion in nearly two decades of post-9/11 wars, which have killed some 800,000 people worldwide, the Cost of Wars Project announced Wednesday.
.... snip ...

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

The US was upset with Iranian people revolting against the brutal US-backed dictator, former CIA Director Bush is now VP supporting Saddam and Iraq in Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War Rumsfeld is
involved in US supplying Iraq weapons, including WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

Mattis more PC about Iran, brutal US-backed dictators, and exporting Saudi extreme Muslim Wahhabi to the rest of the world (which comes back to bite us in 9/11, bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 were Saudis/Wahabbi)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

(Bush) Family Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

estimate that 96% of Muslim terrorist events are Saudi Wahhabism related (after US supported Saudi exporting it to the rest of the world)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, H. is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crises), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (their cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs).
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
Date: 14 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#113 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds

Initially, families of 9/11 victims were prohibited suing the Saudi gov for 9/11 responsibility. That was changed in fall of 2013 ... possibly because of big uptic in fracking and getting off Saudi oil dependency?

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims
http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
Date: 14 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#113 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#114 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds

The Deep State: The Fall of the Constitution and the Rise of a Shadow Government
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:
In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming administration choose personnel

pg191/loc3057-58:
In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second"

pg191/loc3060-62:
Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.
... snip ...

Before the First Shots Are Fired:
https://www.amazon.com/Before-First-Shots-Are-Fired-ebook/dp/B00JTIOXX4/
pg104/loc1660-62:
The George W. Bush administration went to war in Afghanistan without a fully articulated and workable strategy; and they later opened up an unnecessary two-front war by invading Iraq without a carefully thought out strategy for either theater of operations.

pg110/loc1765-67:
Few with the right intelligence, skills, and experience make it into the key positions that require these abilities. Appointees to leadership positions where strategies are developed are more often chosen for political loyalty than for strategic talent.
... snip ...

Part of administration last decadewas PE companies buying up gov. contractors and beltway bandits, hiring prominent politicians to lobby for gov. outsourcing to their companies, including Snowden's employer)
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ....

companies are under intense pressure to cut corners every way possible to pass money up to their owners .... security clearances were outsourced to companies that were doing the paper work, but not actually doing the background checks.

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, just intelligence: 70% of budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and significantly speeding up the spreading success of failure culture, lots more money for for-profit companies in the PE-mills with a series of failures (analogous to military-industrial complex "perpetual war", actually winning a war might reduce the budget) ... claims that it also significantly contributes to the Intelligence failures.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Another example was the OPM website hack/breach ... which had been outsourced to another private-equity owned company. OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
... snip ...

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them.
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/
Among them was Halliburton, the Texas oil-services and logistics firm. In 1995, after retiring as George H.W. Bush's defense secretary, Dick Cheney became the CEO of Halliburton. Over the next five years, he transformed the company into one of the world's largest military contractors. Around the same time, the elder Bush was hired as a senior adviser to the Carlyle Group. By the time Cheney became George W. Bush's vice president in 2001, outsourcing was official policy, and the migration of senior-level government officials into the defense and intelligence industries was standard practice.
.... snip ...

Halliburton getting tens of billions in no-bid contracts in Iraq.

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

Leninist personnel policies posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#21 Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#38 Trump's Message to U.S. Intelligence Officials: Be Loyal or Leave
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#16 Before the First Shots Are Fired

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Next Generation Global Prediction System

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Next Generation Global Prediction System
Date: 16 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Next Generation Global Prediction System
https://www.weather.gov/sti/stimodeling_nggps
NOAA and NCAR partner on new, state-of-the-art U.S. modeling framework. Agreement paves way for U.S. to accelerate use of weather, climate model improvements
https://www.noaa.gov/media-release/noaa-and-ncar-partner-on-new-state-of-art-us-modeling-framework

NCAR had done a supercomputer distributed filesystem using IBM 4341 as infrastructure management and HYPERCHannel A515s as emulated IBM channels for attaching 3830 & 3880 disk controllers (and giving supercomputer direct data transfer to/from IBM disks). Local IBM periodically contacted me about issues NCAR might be having.

Later, NCAR spun off filesystem to commercialize as "Mesa Archival" ... using RS/6000s in place of 4341 ... and IBM AdStar invested in the startup (one of the ways they were trying to work around the stranglehold death grip that communication group had on customer mainframe datacenters) ... and one of the places that the AdStar executive would ask us to drop by and visit them in Boulder to lend any assistance.

National Weather Service
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Weather_Service

Privatization and dismantling attempts
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Weather_Service#Privatization_and_dismantling_attempts
While respected as one of the premier weather organizations in the world, the National Weather Service has been perceived by some conservatives as competing unfairly with the private sector.[56] National Weather Service forecasts and data, being works of the federal government, are in the public domain and thus available to anyone for free in accordance with United States law. From time to time, the situation receives official review to ascertain if a leaner, more efficient approach may be had by some degree of privatization.
... aka commercial weather services have lobbied in the past to force gov. weather information be provided only to them, which they would then provide to the public at a profit.

Our (RS/6000) HA/CMP when we were working with (technical/scientiic) cluster scaleup .... including with LLNL (national lab) .... got LLNL's supercomputer filesystem (UNITREE) ported to RS/6000.

communication group dumb terminal & stranglehold posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

past UNITREE &/or "Mesa Archival" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#21 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#22 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#66 commodity storage servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#46 What goes into a 3090?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#61 GE 625/635 Reference + Smart Hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#31 general networking is: DEC eNet: was Vnet : Unbelievable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#29 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#31 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#6 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#53 A Dark Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#75 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#29 FW: Is FICON good enough, or is it the only choice we get?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#12 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#15 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#16 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#19 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#29 CRAM, DataCell, and 3850
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#19 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#20 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#27 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#10 What's a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#20 cluster-in-a-rack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#3 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#30 V2X2 vs. Shark (SnapShot v. FlashCopy)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#31 V2X2 vs. Shark (SnapShot v. FlashCopy)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#32 V2X2 vs. Shark (SnapShot v. FlashCopy)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#35 V2X2 vs. Shark (SnapShot v. FlashCopy)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#16 V2X2 vs. Shark (SnapShot v. FlashCopy)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#47 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#20 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#51 Barbless
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#58 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#38 big iron mainframe vs. x86 servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#42 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#69 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#71 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#85 3270 Emulator Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#34 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#27 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#47 IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#54 IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#46 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#9 3270s & other stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#15 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#68 30 yr old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 GRS Control Unit ( Was IBM mainframe operations in the 80s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#26 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#63 Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#67 Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#25 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#73 Demolishing the Tile Turtle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#50 Can anyone remember "drum" storage?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#63 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#47 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#41 The Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#57 HA/CMP, HA/6000, Harrier/9333, STK Iceberg & Adstar Seastar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#60 S/360

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Even With Better Education, Millennials Earn 20% Less Than Baby Boomers, Study Finds

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Even With Better Education, Millennials Earn 20% Less Than Baby Boomers, Study Finds
Date: 17 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Even With Better Education, Millennials Earn 20% Less Than Baby Boomers, Study Finds
https://www.zerohedge.com/markets/millennials-earn-20-less-baby-boomers-even-better-education-study-finds

Comparing millennial compensation now to baby boomer compensation at the same age circa 1980, before worker pay essentially flatlined (while productivity significantly increased ... the spread now just going to those at the very top ... and not shared with the rest of society)

other recent articles

Robert Reich: Billionaires Don't Actually Like Capitalism
https://www.truthdig.com/articles/robert-reich-billionaires-dont-actually-like-capitalism/
How the Fed Boosts the 1%: Even the Upper Middle Class Loses Share of Household Wealth to the 1%. Bottom Half Gets Screwed
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/11/how-the-fed-boosts-the-1-even-the-upper-middle-class-loses-share-of-household-wealth-to-the-1-bottom-half-gets-screwed.html
Richest 1% of Americans Close to Surpassing Wealth of Middle Class
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-11-09/one-percenters-close-to-surpassing-wealth-of-u-s-middle-class

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

some recent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#60 America's Monopoly Crisis Hits the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#27 Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#30 Nobel Economist Angus Deaton: Inequality is Destroying Democratic Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#69 Decline of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#88 CEO compensation has grown 940% since 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#100 Destruction of Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#56 The Code of Capital: How the Law Creates Wealth and Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#71 Record debt and inequality gap? It's almost like 40 years of Republican tax cuts failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#99 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#100 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair
Date: 17 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair
https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/defense-national-security/pentagon-the-f-35-breaks-down-too-often-and-takes-too-long-to-repair

and before Lockheed's F-35 there was F-22 ... Before the move of Tyndall F22s to Hawaii (and before all the Tyndall storm damage) ... there were articles about the heroic efforts of the Tyndall F22 stealth maintenance bays dealing with backlog of F22 coating maintenance. Old F22 news: "This is F-22: Can't Fly Won't Die"
http://nypost.com/2009/07/17/cant-fly-wont-die/
Pilots call high-maintenance aircraft "hangar queens." Well, the F-22's a hangar empress. After three expensive decades in development, the plane meets fewer than one-third of its specified requirements.

Anyway, an enemy wouldn't have to down a single F-22 to defeat it. Just strike the hi-tech maintenance sites, and it's game over. (In WWII, we didn't shoot down every Japanese Zero; we just sank their carriers.) The F-22 isn't going to operate off a dirt strip with a repair tent.

But this is all about lobbying, not about lobbing bombs. Cynically, Lockheed Martin distributed the F-22 workload to nearly every state, employing under-qualified sub-contractors to create local financial stakes in the program. Great politics -- but the result has been a quality collapse.

... snip ... and
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

other recent posts mentioning F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#31 Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Google, Fitbit, Banking: Big Tech's Bust Out?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Google, Fitbit, Banking: Big Tech's Bust Out?
Date: 17 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Google, Fitbit, Banking: Big Tech's Bust Out?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/google-fitbit-banking-big-techs-bust
Every Tech Company Wants to Be a Bank--Someday, At Least. Apple, Google, Amazon, Facebook, and Uber are all eyeing financial services as the next frontier. Getting there might take some work.
https://www.wired.com/story/tech-companies-banks/

Rhetoric on the floor of congress was that the primary purpose of GLBA was that if you already have a banking charter, you get to keep it, if you don't already have a banking charter, you can't get one (even specifically calling out WalMart and Microsoft) .... i.e. favor to financial industry to keep new competition out of banking. Additional provisions were added to GLBA and it is better now for repeal of Glass-Steagall enabling too big to fail (too big to prosecute and too big to jail). The original straw vote passed along party lines ... and there were claims the president was going to veto ... they went back and added more provisions to GLBA to get to 2/3rds "veto proof" (got to 90, and president was told that no point in veto, besides congress "owes" it to the financial industry which had contributed hundreds of millions, evenly divided between the two parties)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gramm%E2%80%93Leach%E2%80%93Bliley_Act

Note that TARP was originally supposedly appropriated to bail out too big to fail by buying toxic off-book assets. However YE2008, just the four largest TBTF had over $5.2T in toxic offbook toxic assets and only $700B had been appropriated for TARP; TARP was used for other purposes and the Federal Reserve did the real bailout. However FEDs help was for those with banking charters and some of the TBTF didn't have banking charters ... so the FED had to give them new banking charters, theoretically in violation of GLBA.

glass-steagall &/or pecora hearing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

maps on Cadillac Seville trip computer from 1978

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: maps on Cadillac Seville trip computer from 1978
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 18 Nov 2019 07:50:06 -1000
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
I was actually first drawn to the customizability. When I started vi was pretty much hard wired and Emacs was wide open. I reasoned that I had to use an editor so if I wanted to streamline my coding/testing process I needed a flexible editor.

I never regretted that descision. I did spend years customizing XEDIT and ISPF edit. I got pretty far but when I could go back to Emacs, I got much farther.

I'd say the farthest I got with ISPF Edit was a spell check macro. Words were stored in VSAM KSDS's.


I started with cp67/cms in the 60s ... and lots of CMS execs. People would complain about the large number of customized execs I had ... I would observe that you really weren't a "power user" unless you did have a large number of customized execs.

I got REXX very near the beginning, well before it was shipped as product. I wanted to show it wasn't just another pretty scripting language and chose as demo to redo IPCS (very large assembler program used for analyzing system dumps & failures), objective was working half time over period of 3months working half-time to reimplement IPCS in REXX with ten times the function and running ten times faster (some hacking slight of hand making interpreted REXX DUMPRX run ten times faster than the assembler IPCS) and running in XEDIT session.

I finished early and so started a library of automagically executed processes that looked for large number of common failure signatures. I thought it would be eventually released to customers (when REXX become publicly available) in lieu of IPCS ... but for whatever reasons, it wasn't even tho it was in use by nearly all internal datacenters and customer support PSRs (this was in the period of the "object code only" wars where corporate was eliminating traditional convention of shipping all source code to customers ... and DUMPRX source had to be shipped because it was done in interpreted REXX). I finally did get approval to make detailed presentations about DUMPRX design and implementation at local monthly BAYBUNCH user group meetings (hosted by SLAC) and quarterly SHARE user group meeting. Within a few months of the presentation, similar customer implementations started showing up.

A couple years later, the 3090 service processor people would ship it as part of the 3092 (but little of 3092 operation was exposed to customers) ... some old email refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

trivia: all the 3092 service processor (3090 machine operation) screens were implemented in CMS IOS3270.

more trivia: 3092 required two 3370 FBA disks ... even for MVS that never supported FBA (even today requires CKD disks even tho real CKD hasn't been made for decades, all emulated on industry standard fixed block disks)
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html
In addition, the 3092 processor controller requires two IBM 3370 model A2 direct access storage devices with string switches or equivalent. The 3092 requires access to a customer-supplied 3420 model 4, 6 or 8 tape drive or equivalent.

past DUMPRX postings:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

past CKD/FBA disk postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

ISPF trivia; lots of mainframe IBM had trouble adapting charging for software ... and requirement that revenue earned had to cover software design, implementation and maintenance costs. They then came up with the idea of "joint products" where the combined revenue from multiple products had to cover the combined costs. Early one was JES2 NJI networking had no business case that met the revenue-cost requirement. What they announced was joint NJI/VNET ... i.e. vm370 networking, done by co-worker at the science center with nearly zero cost and was the majority of the internal network and later the corporate sponsored university BITNET (they announced a joint product at $600/month so that all the VNET revenue could cover the NJI costs).

Later they did the same with ISPF ... but no longer "joint" project, just had to be in the same organization. They moved the VM370 "performance tools" supported by three people into the 200 persion ISPF organization ... and tried to eliminate the three VM370 people so all the VM370 revenue was used to support the 200 person ISPF organization (aka total performance tool revenue was about the same as total ISPF revenue ... but ISPF revenue only covered half the ISPF organization costs).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtualization

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Virtualization
Date: 18 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Two different kind of virtualization ... virtual memory and virtual machines. Atlas in England was considered virtual memory.
https://history-computer.com/ModernComputer/Electronic/Atlas.html

A few years, I was asked on customer ibm-main discussion group about making all 370 virtual memory and tracked down one of the people involved who gave some of the details (basically OS/360 MVT storage management was so bad that regions had to be four times larger than normally used, as a result typical 360/165 1mbyte machines was limited to four regions. Going to virtual memory would allow increasing the number of regions by four times with little or no paging (could see some of these effects by running MVT in CP67 virtual machine) ... old post: http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

Some of IBM history will claim that IBM TJWatson Research did (original) virtual machines ... for abstract interface they implemented on machine that predated 360 (could claim that os/360 system services implemented with SVCs was virtual machine). It was IBM Cambridge Scientific Center that did (360) virtual machines that could run a standard real operating system.

The original CP40/CMS virtual machine implementation was done on 360/40 with virtual memory hardware modifications (they originally wanted 360/50 but had to settle for 360/40 because all the spare 360/50s were going to FAA/ATC project). CP40 morphs into CP67/CMS when the scientific center gets a 360/67 standard with virtual memory. CP40 history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt
Melinda's VM history
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/25paper.pdf
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/neuvm.pdf

Lots of features from CP67 were simplified and/or eliminated in the morph to VM370. I had done a lot of CP67 features as an undergraduate at the univ. After I joining IBM, one of my hobbies was doing enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters (for VM370, I reintroduced lots of the stuff done originally in CP67 that was dropped in VM370 morph). In the 1st half of the 70s, the Future System project had lots of 370 stuff killed and suspended. FS was completely different than 370 and was going to replace it ... but when FS imploded, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines (which contributed to picking up some of the stuff that I had been doing for internal datacenters, some cases a decade old dating back to undergraduate at the univ. in the 60s)

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
fair share resource manager going back cp67 in the 60s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
virtual memory management going back to cp67 in the 60s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock
Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

For the first time in history, U.S. billionaires paid a lower tax rate than the working class last year

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: For the first time in history, U.S. billionaires paid a lower tax rate than the working class last year
Date: 19 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
For the first time in history, U.S. billionaires paid a lower tax rate than the working class last year
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/10/08/first-time-history-us-billionaires-paid-lower-tax-rate-than-working-class-last-year/

online stats through 2016 for 400 richest, news report is for recently released 2018
https://www.irs.gov/statistics/soi-tax-stats-top-400-individual-income-tax-returns-with-the-largest-adjusted-gross-incomes

America's richest 400 families now pay a lower tax rate than the middle class
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/americas-richest-400-families-pay-a-lower-tax-rate-than-the-middle-class/

The Rich Really Do Pay Lower Taxes Than You
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/10/06/opinion/income-tax-rate-wealthy.html
For the first time on record, the 400 wealthiest Americans last year paid a lower total tax rate -- spanning federal, state and local taxes -- than any other income group, according to newly released data.

President Trump's 2017 tax cut, which was largely a handout to the rich, plays a role, too. It helped push the tax rate on the 400 wealthiest households below the rates for almost everyone else.

... snip ...

US billionaires pay lower tax rate than working class for first time in history. Richest 400 families paid tax at rate 1.2 per cent less than bottom half of American households
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-billionaires-low-tax-rate-working-class-cost-a9148746.html
"The Triumph of Injustice," by economists Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel
Zucman of the University of California at Berkeley, presents a first-of-its kind analysis of Americans' effective tax rates since the 1960s. It finds that in 2018 the average effective tax rate paid by the richest 400 families in the country was 23 per cent, a full percentage point lower than the 24.2 per cent rate paid by the bottom half of American households.

The focus on the ultrarich is necessary, Mr Saez and Mr Zucman write, because those households control a disproportionate share of national wealth: the top 400 families have more wealth than the bottom 60 per cent of households, while the top 0.1 per cent own as much as the bottom 80 per cent. The top 400 families are a "natural reference point," Mr Zucman says, because the IRS publishes information on the top 400 taxpayers as a group, and other sources, such as Forbes, track the fortunes of the 400 wealthiest Americans.

... snip ...

Richest one percent now owns two-fifths of America's wealth, new study claims. Gap between rich and poor at 50-year high, according to paper by economist Edward N. Woolf
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-economy-american-wealth-richest-one-percent-two-fifths-edward-n-woolf-paper-a8096461.html

The Triumph of Injustice: How the Rich Dodge Taxes and How to Make Them Pay
https://www.amazon.com/Triumph-Injustice-Rich-Dodge-Taxes-ebook/dp/B07TK3NSW5/

17Nov2017, 2yr old article about Republican tax cuts: "Republicans in Congress Think You're an Idiot The GOP tax bill should be toxic to everyone who is not ultra-rich"
https://www.thenation.com/article/republicans-in-congress-think-youre-an-idiot/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
Date: 19 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
https://www.npr.org/2019/11/14/779035797/deep-dark-conspiracy-theories-hound-some-civil-servants-in-trump-era

The counter deep, dark conspiracy theory is this is obfuscation and misdirection away from political party taking over government.

Last decade there was enormous uptic in

1) outsourcing huge portions of government to (especially private-equity owned) for-profit companies

... just intelligence over half the people and 70% of the budget
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
accelerating the rapidly spreading success of failure culture, lots more money for companies in PE-mills with a series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

Another example was the OPM website hack/breach ... which had been outsourced to another private-equity owned company. OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
... snip ...

PE hiring prominent politicians to help lobby congress ... getting PE industry tax rate cut in half and outsourcing lots of gov. to PE owned companies.

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them.
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/
Among them was Halliburton, the Texas oil-services and logistics firm. In 1995, after retiring as George H.W. Bush's defense secretary, Dick Cheney became the CEO of Halliburton. Over the next five years, he transformed the company into one of the world's largest military contractors. Around the same time, the elder Bush was hired as a senior adviser to the Carlyle Group. By the time Cheney became George W. Bush's vice president in 2001, outsourcing was official policy, and the migration of senior-level government officials into the defense and intelligence industries was standard practice.
...snip ...

The Shock Doctrine, The Rise Of Disaster Capitalism
https://www.amazon.com/Shock-Doctrine-Rise-Disaster-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B003KVKQB4/
pg482/loc7253-58:
So while the reconstruction of Iraq was certainly a failure for Iraqis and for U.S. taxpayers, it has been anything but for the disaster capitalism complex. Made possible by the September 11 attacks, the war in Iraq represented nothing less than the violent birth of a new economy. This was the genius of Rumsfeld's "transformation" plan: since every possible aspect of both destruction and reconstruction has been outsourced and privatized, there's an economic boom when the bombs start falling, when they stop and when they start up again—a closed profit-loop of destruction and reconstruction, of tearing down and building up. For companies that are clever and farsighted, like Halliburton and the Carlyle Group, the destroyers and rebuilders are different divisions of the same corporations.

pg540/loc8105-8:
While the disaster capitalism complex does not deliberately scheme to create the cataclysms on which it feeds (though Iraq may be a notable exception), there is plenty of evidence that its component industries work very hard indeed to make sure that current disastrous trends continue unchallenged. Large oil companies have bankrolled the climate-change-denial movement for years; Exxon-Mobil has spent an estimated $16 million on the crusade over the past decade.
... snip ...

and

2) replacing government employees based on loyalty (rather than qualifications or competence) ... not loyalty to the constitution or country, but loyalty to the party & leader

The Deep State: The Fall of the Constitution and the Rise of a Shadow Government
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:
In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming administration choose personnel

pg191/loc3057-58:
In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second,"

pg191/loc3060-62:
Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.
... snip ...

Before the First Shots Are Fired
https://www.amazon.com/Before-First-Shots-Are-Fired-ebook/dp/B00JTIOXX4/
pg104/loc1660-62:
The George W. Bush administration went to war in Afghanistan without a fully articulated and workable strategy; and they later opened up an unnecessary two-front war by invading Iraq without a carefully thought out strategy for either theater of operations.

pg110/loc1765-67:
Few with the right intelligence, skills, and experience make it into the key positions that require these abilities. Appointees to leadership positions where strategies are developed are more often chosen for political loyalty than for strategic talent.
... snip ...

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
Date: 19 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#123 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era

Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis and Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

Former CIA director and VP is supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 were Saudis (Muslim terrorism is estimated to be 96% Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.

pg96/loc1373-75:
On the other hand, invading Iraq stunned me. Why were we fighting them again? I was unaware of the discussions in Washington linking Al Qaeda to Saddam. There was broad consensus among international intelligence agencies that he possessed chemical weapons.
... snip ...

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, H. is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" member is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, the cousin's book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

military-industrial-complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
Date: 19 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#123 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#124 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era

80s VP (and former director of CIA) Bush, repeatedly claiming no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade, Bush2 is president and presides over perpetual wars, debt explosion and the economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

misc. other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#83 Why The Dollar Rules The World - And Why Its Reign Could End
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#112 When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

23Jun1969 Unbundling

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 23Jun1969 Unbundling
Date: 22 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
More problems adapting to 23jun1969 unbundling. Charging for software required the price charged had to cover original development and ongoing development and maintenance. Lots of "big iron" software couldn't meet the requirement. There were several instances where things were fiddled to meet the requirement.

Co-worker at the science center was responsible for the technology used for the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) and also used for the corporate sponsored university "BITNET" (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time). Original projections for licensing VNET was effectively the media distribution (but IBM wouldn't drop the monthly license below $30/month).

JES2 NJI started out picking up code originally done for HASP at university (original source code had "TUCC" in cols 68-71). Pricing strategy was to forecast number customer at low, medium, high price ... to see if the total projected revenue met the requirement. There was no price for JES2 NJI that met the revenue covers cost requirement.

This was right after failure of Future System (FS was completely different than 370 and was going to completely replace it, internal politics had been killing off 370 efforts ... lack of 370 products during this period is credited with giving clone system makers market foothold) and mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipeline ... and the head of POK convincing corporate to kill vm370 product (shutdown the group and transfer all the people to POK to help with MVS/XA, endicott eventually manages to acquire the product mission but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch) ... so POK would constantly veto announcing VNET (even tho it ran the internal company). So JES2 cuts a deal with VNET to announce as a "joint" product with a common price (the excess revenue from VNET customers would effectively be used to subsidize JES2 NJI).

Then they came up with just an organization just had to meet the rules ... combine multiple software in single organization ... the aggregate of all revenue just had to cover the aggregate of development and support. ISPF had grown to 200 people and the revenue wasn't going to cover the costs. So they moved the VM performance products (which had about same aggregate revenue as ISPF) and a staff of 3 people ... so the VM revenue could make up the revenue-cost gap for ISPF (they even tried to reduce the VM/370 performance products staff).

23jun1969 unbundling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
Future Systems posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
hasp, asp, jes2, jes3, nji/nje, etc.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Barr Presidency

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Barr Presidency
Date: 22 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Barr Presidency. William Barr Doesn't Just Believe in Unchecked Presidential Power -- He Depends On It
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2019/11/barr-speech-federalist-society-impeachment.html

Claims are that Barr was selected for Session's replacement after he had published an article about President having imperial powers and above the law. Problem is that is in violation of checks&balances principle of the constitution.
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2019-01-22/william-barr-s-baffling-memo-on-president-s-executive-power
Barr goes on to attribute to Robert Mueller an intention to deem a presidential action "corrupt" if it is an effort to influence an investigation into the president's own conduct. Barr offers no basis for guessing about Mueller's intentions. What is far more remarkable is his suggestion that "the Constitution's grant of law enforcement authority to the President is plenary" and therefore "illimitable." Again: No citations. The founding period argues strongly against Barr's claim. The Supreme Court has unambiguously rejected it.
... snip ...

The president as monarch ... frequently shows up in accounts of battles between Jefferson and Hamilton, with Hamilton (and Federalists) support of president as monarch (theoretically) loosing to Jefferson and strong separation of power and checks and balances (to limit the power of any single branch). Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/
loc5584-88:
The battles seemed endless, victory elusive. James Monroe fed Jefferson's worries, saying he was concerned that America was being "torn to pieces as we are, by a malignant monarchy faction." 34 A rumor reached Jefferson that Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists Rufus King and William Smith "had secured an asylum to themselves in England" should the Jefferson faction prevail in the government.
... snip ...

In both Jefferson and Burr biographies it appears that Hamilton was master of "fake news". It is somewhat portrayed that Hamilton believed himself to be an honorable man, but also that in political and other conflicts, he believed that the ends justified the means. Jefferson constantly battling for separation of church & state and individual freedom, Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power, loc6457-59:
For Federalists, Jefferson was a dangerous infidel. The Gazette of the United States told voters to choose GOD--AND A RELIGIOUS PRESIDENT or impiously declare for "JEFFERSON-AND NO GOD." .... Jefferson targeted as the prime mover behind the separation of church and state.
... snip ...

For some distinction at west point, my wife's father was given a set of 1880 history books by the daughters of the 17th century
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org/
it spins the jefferson/hamilton(federalist) monarch battle as between the english settlers in new york/new england and scottish settlers in the mid-Atlantic states, and if the english settlers had prevailed, our government would have look more like england (monarch and class system) ... it wasn't that the english settlers were against monarchy&class ... they just wanted it to be "their" monarch&class system. Jim Webb in his scottish settler/ancestry book spins it similarly. Of course as in the Jefferson/Hamilton scenarios, the battle still wages on

William Barr Is Neck-Deep in Extremist Catholic Institutions. His troubles don't only involve his obeisance to Donald Trump. He's a paranoid right-wing Catholic ideologue who won't respect the separation of church and state.
https://www.thenation.com/article/william-barr-notre-dame-secularism/

Establishment Clause (Separation of Church and State)
https://www.mtsu.edu/first-amendment/article/885/establishment-clause-separation-of-church-and-state
# The first clause in the Bill of Rights states that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion." # In Everson v. Board of Education (1947), the Court held that the establishment clause is one of the liberties protected by the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, making it applicable to state laws and local ordinances. Since then the Court has attempted to discern the precise nature of the separation of church and state
... snip ...

effectively attacks on Jefferson beliefs in strong separation of church and state.

past posts mentioning "The Art of Power"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#54 CFTC Reproposes Position Limits Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#83 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#4 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#31 The U.S. was not founded as a Christian nation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#107 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#8 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#78 A Short History Of Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#43 Actually, the Electoral College Was a Pro-Slavery Ploy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
Date: 23 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing. Efforts to out the Ukraine whistleblower could have a chilling effect, put U.S. security at risk, experts say
https://www.rollcall.com/news/congress/outing-whistleblowers-puts-us-risk-experts-say

Original post from POGO ... which has whistleblowers group (some, who are also Boyd "people")
https://www.pogo.org/topics/whistleblowers/

I was first introduced to John Boyd about the time Spinney's article appeared ... gone behind paywall but mostly available at wayback machine, The Winds of Reform (7Mar1983 Chuck Spinney TIME article)
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html
John would talk about spending nearly 18months arraigning cover for Chuck ... and even with all that cover, SECDEF Weinberger still attempted to prosecute.

John Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Whistleblowers, crime hotlines, confidential informants have increasingly used anonymity to protect sources of information to encourage bringing information forward that would start investigation and find criminal evidence. Current house impeachment is like grand jury looking at whether there is sufficient evidence to press charges and hold a trial ... which is then held by senate (and any tips from whistleblower may not even be involved in that process). The whistleblowerr information (like crime hotlines and confidential informants) is supposed to be reported to responsible official who then looks to see if it is sufficiently credible to start an investigation (which they found). A problem in this case is that the justice department then blocked the investigation for several weeks.

The matter of the whistleblower identity is obfuscation and misdirection away from 1) why the tip was found to be credible, 2) why the justice department blocked the investigation, and 3) the evidence found ... as well as confusing the "grand jury nature" of the house evaluation (grand jury proceedings are frequently sealed) and senate trial

So far there is no trial (some people may be confused as the difference) .... and whistleblowers, crime hotlines, and confidential informants ... may or may not be involved in prosecution, evidence, and trial (and requirement to refute trial evidence).

The whistleblower complaint has Congress and Trump at an impasse. Here's what the law says.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2019/09/22/whistleblower-complaint-has-congress-trump-an-impasse-heres-what-law-says/
An attorney forced out of the CIA's watchdog office is representing the Trump whistleblower
https://news.yahoo.com/an-attorney-forced-out-of-the-ci-as-watchdog-office-is-representing-the-trump-whistleblower-190706953.html
Timeline: The Trump whistleblower complaint
https://thehill.com/policy/national-security/462464-timeline-the-trump-whistleblower-complaint
Trump's Ukraine call reveals a president convinced of his own invincibility
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/trumps-ukraine-call-reveals-a-president-convinced-of-his-own-invincibility/2019/09/21/1a56466c-dc6a-11e9-ac63-3016711543fe_story.html
Whistleblowers In The News
https://www.whistleblowers.org/news_categories/in-the-news/

whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
Date: 23 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#128 Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing

We were involved in Success of Failure (including 9/11 intelligence failures), ... although we didn't know it at the time. There was unclassified BAA from IC-ARDA (now IARPA) that basically said that nothing they had did the job ... and we got a call just before it closed, asking if we could get a response in (nobody else had responded). We got a response in, had a couple of meetings summer 2002, demonstrating we could do what was needed, and then nothing. It wasn't until we saw the success of failure article, that we began to suspect what went on (disclaimer: i've never employed by the government and/or had clearance). He notifies the responsible oversight committee and then is charged under the 1917 espionage act (I guess under assumption that the committee is a wartime enemy). The house puts the agency on probation for five years. The espionage charges are dropped after the end of the agency 5yr probation.

NPC Luncheon with Thomas Drake, NSA Whistleblower
http://www.press.org/events/npc-luncheon-thomas-drake-nsa-whistleblower
wiki pages:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Andrews_Drake
Thomas Andrews Drake (born 1957) is a former senior executive of the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA), a decorated United States Air Force and United States Navy veteran, and a whistleblower. In 2010, the government alleged that Drake mishandled documents, one of the few such Espionage Act cases in U.S. history. Drake's defenders claim that he was instead being persecuted for challenging the Trailblazer Project.[4][5][6][7][8][9] He is the 2011 recipient of the Ridenhour Prize for Truth-Telling and co-recipient of the Sam Adams Associates for Integrity in Intelligence (SAAII) award.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ThinThread
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trailblazer_Project

How the Pentagon punished NSA whistleblowers
http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/may/22/how-pentagon-punished-nsa-whistleblowers
Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
https://theintercept.com/2017/02/10/former-cia-analyst-sues-defense-department-to-vindicate-nsa-whistleblowers/

At turn of century, big uptick in private equity buying up government/military contractors and beltway bandits and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource/privatize federal government; just intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people. The for-profit subsidiaries are under intense pressure to cut corners to push profit up to their PE owners ... outsourcing security clearances to companies found to be filling out paper work, but not actually doing background checks
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and accelerating the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (more profit from a series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

Another example was the OPM website hack/breach ... which had been outsourced to another private-equity owned company. OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
... snip ...

trivia, also got congress to cut PE industry tax rate in half.

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them.
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/
Among them was Halliburton, the Texas oil-services and logistics firm. In 1995, after retiring as George H.W. Bush's defense secretary, Dick Cheney became the CEO of Halliburton. Over the next five years, he transformed the company into one of the world's largest military contractors. Around the same time, the elder Bush was hired as a senior adviser to the Carlyle Group. By the time Cheney became George W. Bush's vice president in 2001, outsourcing was official policy, and the migration of senior-level government officials into the defense and intelligence industries was standard practice.
... snip ...

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
Date: 23 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#128 Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#129 Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing

Boyd trivia (for those not familiar and/or haven't seen it before):

40sec Boyd when he was instructor at Nellis, open challenge to all comers, put them on his tail and switch within 40secs, always did it in 20secs. asked why 40, said there may by be somebody in the world almost as good as he was and he might need the extra time. Then invented E/M used for redoing initial F15 design, then YF16 & YF17 (which become F16 & F18) and then A10.

A New Concept of War, John Boyd, the U.S. Marines, and Maneuver Warfare
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf?ver=2018-11-08-094859-167
John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Spinney tribute to John Boyd (for those with subscriptions)
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives free at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
other refs:
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm

https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf loc835-38:
Boyd's collaboration with associate Pierre Sprey on the development of the A-10 close air support (CAS) aircraft sparked his exploration of history. The project was Sprey's, with Sprey consulting Boyd on performance analysis, E-M Theory, and views on warfare in general. When designing the A-10, Sprey had to determine what aircraft features provided the firepower and loiter time required by ground forces, while also granting survivability against the enemy ground fire that would inevitably be directed against it.4The German Wehrmacht had pioneered both the design and employment of dedicated CAS aircraft in World War II.

loc1792-95:
From this, the inquiring mind that had developed the Aerial Attack Study and E-M Theory again went into action. Sprey had focused on the aircraft and tactics that made German CAS missions successful. Building on that, Boyd, in his first year of retirement, broadened the scope to examine German tactics and strategy in World War II, and then worked his way back to the time of Sun Tzu as he studied history's most successful military commanders.6
... snip ...

Boyd is leveraged for Corps make-over #Reviewing A New Conception of War (Gray was commandant and leveraging Boyd for make-over of the corp)
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2019/4/3/reviewing-a-new-conception-of-war
On the otherwise quiet Monday morning of March 6, 1989, a revolution occurred in the private office at the Commandant of the Marine Corps' home when General Al Gray affixed his signature to a document. Until that moment, the Marine Corps thought about warfare in terms of the firepower and attrition doctrine that had characterized its operations in World War II, Korea, and the worst parts of Vietnam. With the stroke of a pen, General Gray made maneuver warfare the official doctrine of the Marine Corps.
... snip ...

After his passing, the USAF had pretty much disowned Boyd and it was Marines at Arlington and all his effects go to Gray Research Center at Quantico. We've since had several meetings at USMCU.

John Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM system/360 ad

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM system/360 ad
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 25 Nov 2019 14:41:31 -1000
hancock4 writes:

https://archive.org/details/Nations-Business-1964-12/page/n51

Available with up to 8 meg of memory!

(I thought S/360 could handle up to 16 meg? But maybe in those days no one could see needing more than 8 meg. Indeed, I think if you wanted that much you had to get the "LCS" which was core but slow core.)


s/360 & s/370 architecture only having 24bit (16mbyte) addressing (real & virtual) ... except for 360/67 which still had "real" 24bit addressing but support 32bit virtual. Note that was the architecture ... specific models might have much smaller number of hardware address lines ... limiting the actual amount of memory that could be attached.

by the time 3033 came around ... 16mbyte was huge constraint because of the excessively bloated MVS kernel size as well concurrent multiprogramming needed to try and keep system busy ... lots of page thrashing. They did a kludge for 64mbyte support. There were two undefined/unused bits in each page table entry (mapping virtual address to a hardware address). They used the two unused bits to prepend to the 12bit page number (allowing 64mbytes worth of 4kbyte pages ... rather than just 16mbytes)

Instructions (virtual and real) could only form a 24bit address ... but a virtual address (using the page table entry hack) could map to a 64mbyte hardware address ... aka hacked 3033 that had internal 26bit hardware address lines.

complimenting the 64mbyte page table hack ... in the original 370 architecture was fullword (31bit architecture) channel program IDALs ... which could be used to generate 64mbyte I/O transfer addresses.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ukraine's Post-Independence Struggles, 1991 - 2019

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Ukraine's Post-Independence Struggles, 1991 - 2019
Date: 25 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Ukraine's Post-Independence Struggles, 1991 - 2019. Ukraine has been dogged by corruption scandals, economic mismanagement, and Russian interference since it achieved independence in 1991. At the same time, it has cultivated relations with the United States and Europe.
https://www.cfr.org/timeline/ukraines-post-independence-struggles

note after attempting to loot Russia, moves on to the Ukraine

there is "Is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on looting the country (and the Russians needed a Russian to oppose US looting). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20130211131020/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

Past posts mentioning Is Harvard responsible for rise of Putin?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#70 Department of Defense Head Ashton Carter Enlists Silicon Valley to Transform the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#91 Happy Dec-10 Day!!!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#16 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#105 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#92 The Lessons of Henry Kissinger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#62 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#56 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#83 Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#65 View of Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#69 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#39 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#69 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#82 John Helmer: Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#50 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#75 Nassim Nicholas Taleb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#100 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#45 Why Finance Is Too Important to Leave to Larry Summers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#40 Has Privatization Benefitted the Public?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM system/360 ad

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM system/360 ad
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 27 Nov 2019 13:11:56 -1000
hancock4 writes:
Another part was that S/360 was very successful and IBM was unable to meet demand.

Another part was that IBM wasn't cheap. IBM gave full support, but at a price. Later, after unbundling, IBM was more competitive.

Of course, a third party company was exploiting IBM's research and development. But there were risks--they could make a lot of money, but if IBM upgraded its hardware, they could lose a lot of money.

Tom Watson Jr initially had the attitude that IBM was entitled to own virtually the entire DP marketplace. He enacted policies got IBM sued. Later he woke up and changed their policies, so when the govt sued, IBM won.


rise and fall of ibm
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm
article ... mention coutmeasure to clone controllers&devices
https://www.ecole.org/en/65/CM200195-ENG.pdf
IBM tried to react by launching a major project called the 'Future System' (FS) in the early 1970's. The idea was to get so far ahead that the competition would never be able to keep up, and to have such a high level of integration that it would be impossible for competitors to follow a compatible niche strategy. However, the project failed because the objectives were too ambitious for the available technology. Many of the ideas that were developed were nevertheless adapted for later generations. Once IBM had acknowledged this failure, it launched its 'box strategy', which called for competitiveness with all the different types of compatible sub-systems. But this proved to be difficult because of IBM's cost structure and its R&D spending, and the strategy only resulted in a partial narrowing of the price gap between IBM and its rivals.

End of ACS/360, IBM executives worried that it would advance the state-of-art too fast and they would loose control of the market. Amdahl leaves IBM shortly afterwards and starts his own clone processor company.
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Note that internal politics during the FS period was stopping/shutting down 370 efforts (because FS was completely different and was going to completely replace 370). The lack of new 370 products during the FS period is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold.

23jun1969 unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling
future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

clone controller trrivia: 3 people from science center installed (virutal machine) CP67 at the univ. last weekend jan1968.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS

It had 2741&1052 terminal support with automatic terminal type identification. The univ. had some number of ascii/tty terminals and so I extended the support to ascii/tty (including auto-terminal type identification, using the IBM terminal controller SAD CCW to switch port terminal type scanner). I then wanted to extend to having a single dial-up number of all terminal types (hunt group) ... but it didn't quiet work, while SAD command allowed switching scanner type, all ports had fixed hardwired port speed (could dynamically connect terminals to any port with wrong speed).

This was motivation for the univ. to start clone controller project, building controler channel attach board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate IBM terminal controller ... but including support for doing dynamic line speed. This was then enhanced with a Interdata/4 for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for port scanners ... and Interdata started selling them as IBM clone controllers (later under Perkin/Elmer logo after they bought Interdata). Four of us get written up responsible for (some part of) clone controller business
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
clone controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

tty support trivia ... I did hack using 1byte field for tty/ascii terminal lengths. IBM had included the support in standard distributed system. One of the cp67 installations in bldg. across the court from 545 in tech sq ... somebody got a ascii plotter down at harvard, needing 1200? byte line length. The just change max length field to 1200, but not the rest of the code ... so the system would crash as soon as tty connect.
http://www.multicians.org/thvv/360-67.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970 =

12 EU states reject move to expose companies' tax avoidance

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 12 EU states reject move to expose companies' tax avoidance
Date: 28 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
12 EU states reject move to expose companies' tax avoidance. Proposal would have forced firms to reveal profits made and taxes paid in each EU country
https://www.theguardian.com/business/2019/nov/28/12-eu-states-reject-move-to-expose-companies-tax-avoidance
The proposed directive was designed to shine a light on how some of the world's biggest companies - such as Apple, Facebook and Google - avoid paying an estimated $500bn a year in taxes by shifting their profits from higher-tax countries such as the UK, France and Germany to zero-tax or low-tax jurisdictions including Ireland, Luxembourg and Malta.
... snip ...

includes large US tech companies, hiding profits in low tax countries. New Leak Reveals Luxembourg Tax Deals for Disney, Koch Brothers Empire. Latest "Lux Leaks" files obtained by ICIJ disclose secret tax structures sought by "Big 4" accounting giants for brand name international companies.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/luxembourg-leaks/
The Panama Papers: Exposing the Rogue Offshore Finance Industry
https://www.icij.org/investigations/panama-papers/
The Long Twilight Struggle Against Offshore Secrecy. A new mass data leak, this time from an elite law firm with elite clients, shows how deeply offshoring is embedded in the global financial system
https://www.icij.org/investigations/paradise-papers/

televised roundtable at 2008 national economic conference was about after turn of century congress allows big change in allowing corporations to hide US profits offshore ... something about congress being most corrupt institution on earth ... most notably for selling tax loopholes to special interests. Discussion was about moving to flat-rate with zero loopholes, reduce size of tax code by well over order of magnitude, 6% increase in GDP because of eliminating inefficiencies and costs associated with tax code. However, congress would loose all the money from special interests buying loopholes as well as heavy lobby against it by tax preparation industry and the country of Ireland (which was beneficiary of many of the changes). Claim any loss of benefits from "good" loopholes would be more than offset by 6% boost to GDP by eliminating tax code complexity.

Note 2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending not allowed to exceed tax revenue, eliminated federal deficit and on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2005, US comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic for how badly they were savaging the budget. 2010 CBO report that 2003-2009, tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increase by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. Sort of confluence of federal reserve and Too Big To Fail wanting huge federal debt, wallstreet and special interests wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex wanting enormous spending increase. This also the administration and congress that look the other way regarding all the stuff happening during the economic mess ... and the fabrication justifying the two (now perpetual) wars.

tax fraud, tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax havens posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
fiscal responsibility act post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

flat tax specific posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#39 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#88 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#14 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#20 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#80 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#4 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#14 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#79 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#80 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#33 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#57 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#14 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#3 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#1 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#133 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#48 These are the companies abandoning the U.S. to dodge taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#80 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#96 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#10 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#13 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#18 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#65 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#41 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#41 Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#4 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#71 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#4 Who Is The Smallest Government Spender Since Eisenhower? Would You Believe It's Barack Obama?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#77 U.S. Corporate Tax Reform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#7 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#88 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#88 The Pentagon Can't Account for $21 Trillion (That's Not a Typo)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#55 Most Corrupt Institution on Earth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#65 The Government is Hard at Work Keeping Tax Preparation Complicated and Expensive

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Permanent Record

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Permanent Record
Date: 29 Nov 2019
Blog: Facebook
Permanent Record
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

When Snowden first went to work at the CIA, he looked on the internal networks for references to flying saucers and aliens ... and was then told that was what almost all new people did. Then he looked for al-Qaeda. What he found is consistent with being Saudi extreme, violent Wahabbi Muslim that the US/Bush(01 in 80s) help export to the rest of the world ... and then the US attacking other (especially anti-Wahabbi) countries.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

from the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, Suadis extreme Wahhabism unleashed on the rest of the world, bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 are Saudis
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Mattis more PC about Iran, brutal US-backed dictators, and exporting Saudi extreme Muslim Wahhabi to the rest of the world
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ..

Repeal the Nearly Two-Decade-Old War Authorizations
https://original.antiwar.com/Matthew_Hoh/2019/11/22/repeal-the-nearly-two-decade-old-war-authorizations/
In 2001 and in 2002 Congress passed authorizations for war. While not declarations of war, these mandates, each titled an Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF) provided the legal framework for attacks against al-Qaeda in 2001 and in 2002 for the Iraq War. Both AUMFs are still in effect today. As Congress considers its annual authorization to fund the Pentagon our current members of Congress, both in the House and the Senate, are in positions of responsibility and ability to repeal these AUMFs.
... snip ..

Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
https://www.stripes.com/news/us/post-9-11-wars-have-cost-american-taxpayers-6-4-trillion-study-finds-1.607157
American taxpayers have spent some $6.4 trillion in nearly two decades of post-9/11 wars, which have killed some 800,000 people worldwide, the Cost of Wars Project announced Wednesday.
... snip ...

Original Iraqi invasion justification was supporting Al Qaeda and would only cost $50B, then changed to (decommissioned) WMDs ... Al Qaeda and had decommissioned the WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war). The countries invaded/attacked since last decade are the ones against Saudi Wahhabism (estimates that 96% of world-wide Muslim terrorist events are Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (their cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs).
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

US (& Bush) is supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Rumsfeld is involved in US supplying Iraq weapons, including WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, H. is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crises), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

In the wake of the huge uptake in outsourcing to for-profit companies after the turn of the century, especially companies in Private-Equity mill ... that had been buying them up and hiring prominent politicians to lobby for outsourcing to their companies, including buying the beltway bandit that will employe Snowden, Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster.
... snip ...

Companies are under intense pressure to cut corners and push up profit to their PE owners, in intelligence, 70% of the budget and half the employees ... http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us accelerating the rapidly spreading success of failure culture, lots more money for companies in PE-mills with a series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

One of the agency employees reported problems to the agency's congressional oversight committee ... and then was charged under the Espionage Act (I guess classifying the congressional oversight committee as a foreign enemy at war with the US). The agency was then put on probation for five years and not allowe d to manage its own projects. Finally when probation period was up, the Espionage Act charges were dropped.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/government-elections-politics/united-states-of-secrets/the-frontline-interview-thomas-drake/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Andrews_Drake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ThinThread
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trailblazer_Project

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
"whistleblower" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
Date: 01 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2. From the archives: IBM doesn't make consumer desktop OSes anymore for a reason.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/11/half-an-operating-system-the-triumph-and-tragedy-of-os2/

Former IBM CEO John Opel Dies
https://www.pcworld.com/article/243311/former_ibm_ceo_john_opel_dies.html
According to the New York Times, it was Opel who met with Bill Gates, CEO of the then-small software firm Microsoft, to discuss the possibility of using Microsoft PC-DOS OS for IBM's about-to-be-released PC. Opel set up the meeting at the request of Gates' mother, Mary Maxwell Gates. The two had both served on the National United Way's executive committee.
... snip ...

other trivia: before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was Seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before Seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing cp/m, kildall worked on cp/67-cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

Some of the CTSS/IBM7094
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
people went to the 5th flr to do multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics
others went to the ibm science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, CMS, bunch of online apps, system simulation and performance work. Originally did CP40/CMS on 360/40 modified with virtual memory hardware. This morphs into CP67/CMS (precursor to VM370/CMS) when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS
CTSS RUNOFF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TYPSET_and_RUNOFF
was redone for CMS as SCRIPT.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCRIPT_(markup)
In 1969, GML was invented at the science center (GML is 1st letter of inventors last name) and GML tag processing added to SCRIPT.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generalized_Markup_Language other script
trivia: late 70s, IBM SE in LA does newscript for the TRS/80 (not mentioned in above reference).

In the late 60s there were a couple online commercial service bureau spinoffs from the science center (moving quickly up value chain specializing in financial industry services). One the 5th flr people goes to one out in Waltham and does "First Financial Language" ... and decade later he is co-founder of Software Arts with Bricklin and does Visicalc.

cambridge sciencee center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

Past OS/2 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#60 How long before Microsoft goes the way of DEC (and in part, IBM)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#14 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#67 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#20 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#64 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#82 [OT] What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#34 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#37 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#43 Program Work Method Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#13 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#82 Hashing for DISTINCT or GROUP BY in SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#32 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#33 Andrew developments in Rochester
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#55 Maybe off topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#58 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#8 New job for mainframes: Cloud platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#47 First 5.25in 1GB drive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#59 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#35 Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#61 "25 Years of IBM's OS/2"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#42 "25 Years of IBM's OS/2"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#78 Familiar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#2 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#10 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#77 OT: but hopefully interesting - Million core supercomputer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#87 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#66 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#71 Wylie discernible patterns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#88 DCF on OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#7 The Mother of All Demos: The 1968 presentation that sparked a tech revoluti
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#73 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#11 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#26 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#45 IBM hopes new chip can turn the tables on Intel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#91 Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#73 10 Big Fat Lies and the Liars Who Told Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#39 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#37 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#46 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#50 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#5 Some Trivia: Happy Birthday IBM PC - You're 34 Today!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#43 Are we just running in place?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#1 3270 based ATMs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#60 When Did AMD Fall Behind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#100 Multithreaded output to stderr and stdout
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#10 IBM OS/2 developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#54 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#85 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#33 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#40 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#46 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#79 Typesetting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#100 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#13 Pascal Source for APL Interpreter--Want Info
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#37 CMSBACK
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#90 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#95 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#95 Tandem Memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#5 DOS & OS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#57 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#66 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#69 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#15 Frank Heart Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#73 System/R, SQL/DS, DB2, HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#100 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#103 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#49 PC Personal Computing Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#67 Alsid raises $14.7 million to secure your Active Directory installation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#41 The Forgotten Operating System That Keeps the NYC Subway System Alive

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
Date: 01 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#136 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2

Online computer forums have had lots about M'soft hired the former DEC/VMS guy for NT
https://www.itprotoday.com/compute-engines/windows-nt-and-vms-rest-story
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_NT
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dave_Cutler

I've repost the story that head of POK was one of the biggest contributors to early VMS ... killing VM/370 product, shutting down the development group and (trying to) forcing all the people to move to POK to help with MVS/XA development. However, lots managed to excape, many getting jobs at DEC in the new VMS effort (Endicott managed to save VM/370 mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch).

However, I did some work for Sequent in the late 90s (before IBM purchase) ... and the Sequent people said that they did nearly all the NT multiprocessor scaleup work (getting it operational on their 16-way and 32-way, later 256-way multiprocessors).

Early IBM/PC got a big boost, companies with justification for thousands of 3270s, could switch to IBM/PC for about same price, get 3270 emulation and some local computing function in single desktop footprint. Late 80s, business was moving to client/server and distributed computing while communication group was fiercely fighting to preserve their dump terminal paradigm and install base (kneecaping IBM products trying to constrain business use). At the same time clone prices were dropping as the consumer market explodes.

Late 80s, other side of Pacific was building huge inventory of 286 PCs for holiday season when Intel announced 386SX ... faster than 286, 16bit bus like 286, but more functions integrated on chip so it was cheaper to build systems. There was then huge fire sale for the 286 inventory. IBM was still focused on the business market at a time when there was huge explosion in the size and commodization of the consumer market. A big part of the market was games ... many of which directly accessed hardware features in order to achieve performance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_80386
https://www.computerworld.com/article/2475341/flashback--remembering-the-386sx.html
30 yrs of PC Market article
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars 75-80
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/3 80-84
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/4 84-87
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/5

past posts with archive of early 90s SJMN sunday PC adverts/prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#79
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#80
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#81
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#82

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
Date: 01 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#136 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#137 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2

After joining IBM, I got to wander around a lot of IBM and customer locations. The guy running one of the largest customer IBM datacenters on the east coast liked me to come by and talk technology. At some point, the branch manager horribly offended the customer and the customer decided to order a Amdahl system in retribution (it would be lone Amdahl in vast sea of blue). This was when Amdahl was selling into univ, tech & scientific ... but had broken yet into true blue commercial IBM customers ... and this would be the first. I was asked to go onsite for a year to obfuscate and misdirect ... making it look like a technical issue. I couldn't see the point and said no. I was then told the branch manager was good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO ... and if I didn't, it would affect the branch manager's career ... and I could forget having career at IBM.

Early 80s, I'm introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. At some time in the past he had been very vocal about the electronics across the trail wouldn't work ... and possibly as punishment he is put in command of "spook base", Boyd biography has spook base a $2.5B (60s $$) "windfall" for IBM ... ref gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
also https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White The commandant of Marine Corps leverages Boyd for make-over of the corps in 89/90 (same time that IBM needed a good make-over) .... and when Boyd passes in 1997, the USAF had pretty much disowned him and it is the Marines at Arlington. Boyd tribute on his passing (originally in USNI Proceedings ... for those w/o subscription)
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
It was then something of a surprise when USAF dedicates "Boyd Hall" at Nellis in 1999 (possibly they felt safe now that he had passed) ... from the dedication (they could repeat some of the words w/o having to believe them).
There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question.
... snip ...

cambridge science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
Boyd posts (& URLs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
Date: 01 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#136 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#137 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#138 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2

The communication group fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm & 3270 emulation) and was kneecapping the microchannel cards ... enormously cutting their performance ...

It was major problem for AWD going from PC/RT with AT-bus to RS/6000 with microchannel and being told that can't do their own high-performance microchannel cards ... were forced to use PS2 microchannel cards (many of which had lower performance than the AT-bus PC/RT cards).

As a work around, they came out with RS6000/730 ... that had VMEbus ... and they could get real high-performance (VMEbus) cards.

The microchannel 16mbit Token-ring card had lower card performance than the PC/RT 4mbit Token-ring card ... and price/performance was horrible ... the $800 16mbit token-ring card had enormously lower throughput than the $69 10mbit (AT-bus) ethernet cards. Microchannel 16mbit T/R card had dumb 3270 emulation design point with hundreds of stations sharing common LAN.

dumb terminal pradigm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
801/risc, romp, pc/rt, rios, rs/6000, power/pc, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Color TV ad 1964

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Color TV ad 1964
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 05 Dec 2019 18:34:35 -1000
Robert Billing <robertthebilling@googlemail.com> writes:
In fact a great deal of the NTSC, PAL and SECAM standards were defined to make building a tube decoder fairly easy. It's all fixed frequencies and phase shifting (except for SECAM's FM subcarriers).

I remember the long march through the 80s and 90s, getting PAL to play nice with digital, and the convoluted trickery we got up to in order to have digital look good.


late 80s/early 90s, dept of commerce was constantly fiddling the HDTV standards with objective of given US makers a six month lead time. This was before the huge rise of internet and corresponding increase in PC sales. At the time, the digital processing required by HDTV would give the foreign TV makers the whole computer industry and dept. of commerce was trying to give US makers an advantage. The rise of internet and corresponding rise in consumer PCs (for internet access) somewhat overtook that position. However, at the time, foreign makers were already making digital TVs that could support multiple standards (NTSC, PAL and SECAM) that could easily switch with software ... so they wouldn't have had problem tracking the frequent fluctuation in the emerging HDTV standards. old post with part of 5sep90 HSDT draft paper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#73 how old are you guys
misc. other posts mentioning the subject:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#23 OT - Internet Explorer V6.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#47 dig. TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#4 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#69 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#87 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#46 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM and Internet

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM and Internet
Date: 07 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
co-worker at IBM cambridge science center in the 70s was responsible for the technology and start of internal network (non-SNA, larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s, also used for corporate sponsored univ. BITNET, also larger than arpanet/internet for a time). It's Cool To Be Clever: The story of Edson C. Hendricks, the genius who invented the design for the Internet
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

In June 1975, MIT Professor Jerry Saltzer accompanied Hendricks to DARPA, where Hendricks described his innovations to the principal scientist, Dr. Vinton Cerf. Later that year in September 15-19 of 75, Cerf and Hendricks were the only two delegates from the United States, to attend a workshop on Data Communications at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg Austria where again, Hendricks spoke publicly about his innovative design which paved the way to the Internet as we know it today.

... snip ...

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal net posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

late 70s we transfer to IBM San Jose Research ...

SJR gets the first (corporate) "gateway" to CSNET/ARPANET in 1982 ... just before big conversion to internetworking protocol on 1Jan1983 ... some old refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm

early 80s, I had project HSDT with T1 and faster speed links (and constantly fighting off SNA communication group) and working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers when congress cuts the budget. Some other things happened and eventually NSF release RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

Internal politics prevented us from bidding and NSF director tried to help by writing the CEO a letter with support from other agencies (but that just made the politics worse, as did comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). Communication group was internally distributing enormous amounts of (SNA) misinformation (including to the corporate executive committee) about the (non-SNA) internal network, NSF networking, customer demand for T1, etc. Somebody collected a lot of the misinformation email and forwarded it to us. In the past, I posted to a.f.c. an heavily clipped and redacted subset (to protect the guilty). As regional networks connected into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Old email from another research co-worker ... leaving IBM just after obtaining nine-dot address
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#email881216

1999 SJMN article about Edson and 1980 attempt, "IBM's missed opportunity with the Internet" gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump is deconstructing the government, one agency at a time

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Trump is deconstructing the government, one agency at a time
Date: 09 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
Trump is deconstructing the government, one agency at a time
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2019/12/02/trump-is-continuing-deconstruction-administrative-state/
The 1960s German radical Rudi Dutschke called on leftists to stage a
The 1960s German radical Rudi Dutschke called on leftists to stage a "long march through the institutions," subverting professions and institutions from within. That is precisely what Trump is doing, but from the populist right. He is demoralizing and undermining one government department after another. It may be largely the result of incompetence and ignorance, but the outcome was foreseen by Trump's former strategist Stephen K. Bannon. Bannon is long gone from the White House, but his objective -- the "deconstruction of the administrative state"-- has been progressing very nicely in his absence.
... snip ...

the ones that administration seems to deconstruct are ones that cronies and special interests haven't "captured", Regulatory capture
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regulatory_capture
and/or subject to industry "revolving door"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolving_door_(politics)

Regulatory Capture and Revolving Door has agencies representing the interest of the industry against the public (opposite of the intention). Example was ENRON, SEC had lots authority to deal with ENRON, but complaining how hard it was to prosecute complex financial crimes. Sarbanes-Oxley was regulation making it trivial to prove a financial crime and claims in congress was that it would guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time ... however, it still required SEC to do something (even if it was trivial no-brainer). The joke at the time was Congress felt badly about one of the "big five" audit houses going out of business because of the ENRON fraud and SOX was gift to the audit industry (requirement for additional expensive audits). Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it was doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings ... even showing they increased after SOX went into effect (and nobody doing jail time).

Trivia: 2004 I was asked to do a SOX presentation at annual EU financial conference with corporate CEOs and exchange presidents that was held in the palace in Liechtenstein ... the theme was EU companies that did business with US were starting to be contaminated with SOX audit requirements (but if SEC wasn't going to prosecute, it wouldn't be effective countermeasure to fraud, nothing real except for the extra audit costs). Note1: Liechtenstein was on US Treasury "black list" for money laundering ... and these financial conferences apparently was part of trying to get off the list. Note2: Swiss banks were doing their money laundering across the border in Liechtenstein ... trying to obscure the source.

regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
Enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

I've mentioned before in Jan1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). And then in Jan2009, I was asked to put together a WEB/HTML of who did what (comments that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was totally buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash, possibly only 2-3 honest members of congress). Then possibly because congress had to look like they were doing something ... they came up with Dodd-Frank. Note that #1 on times list responsible for economic mess is:
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html
and "Dodd" is "friends of Angelo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_.28FOA.29_VIP_program

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lnn/submisc.html#economic.mess

So they had wallstreet lobbyists drafting a lot of the Dodd-Frank sections ... fell into two categories 1) extraordinarily complex legislation that would be impossible to turn into regulations and 2) ridiculous specification that would then be leaked, the lobbyists would then publicly explain how ridiculous it was ... part of discrediting Dodd-Frank (the lobbyists had it all planned, providing the original draft and then publicly ridiculing. There is some obfuscation glorifying how effective Dodd-Frank is.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodd%E2%80%93Frank_Wall_Street_Reform_and_Consumer_Protection_Act

In the MADOFF congressional hearings they had the person that had unsuccesfully tried for over a decade to get SEC to do something about MADOFF (SEC's hands were forced when MADOFF turned himself in, folklore is he did it looking for gov. protection after defauding some unsavory characters). Congress asked him if new regulations were needed. He said while new regulations might be needed, much more important was transparency and visibility requirement (possibly since SEC was doing so little with the regulations it had).

madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

recent Dodd-Frank posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#86 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#48 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#43 I don't work for IBM and I don't make promises I can't deliver on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#86 CISPA legislation seen by many as SOPA 2.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#12 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#56 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#48 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#71 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#73 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#45 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#150 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#102 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#69 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#73 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#8 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#10 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#58 Drafting of Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#78 More Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#15 BREAKING: Trump Announces Big Gift To Banks Despite His Campaign Rhetoric Against Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#41 Are We Nearing a Cyber Sarbanes-Oxley?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#13 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#48 Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#87 Dodd-Frank Was Designed to Fail - and Trump Will Make it Worse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#85 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#106 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#108 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#101 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#108 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#72 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#54 Testing Progressives, Centrist Dems Team Up with GOP to Deregulate Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#58 Wall Street Wants to Kill the Agency Protecting Americans From Financial Scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#64 Wages and Productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#60 Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#0 Congress Is About to Do a Big Favor for Private Equity Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#25 Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#26 House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#35 How Two House Democrats Defended Helping the GOP Weaken Dodd-Frank Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#10 Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#37 You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#85 Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: "Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
Date: 09 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
"Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
https://www.zerohedge.com/political/unearthed-pentagon-docs-reveal-afghan-war-deception-new-pentagon-papers-moment
The internal interviews and statements were unearthed via Freedom of Information Act request and span the Bush, Obama and Trump administrations. The trove further confirms that US leaders knew vast amounts of money was being wasted in a futile attempt to "Westernize the nation"
... snip ...

At war with the truth. U.S. officials constantly said they were making progress. They were not, and they knew it, an exclusive Post investigation found.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2019/investigations/afghanistan-papers/afghanistan-war-confidential-documents/
Everyone Knew We Were Losing in Afghanistan. And everyone in charge insisted we were winning.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/12/afghanistan-pentagon-papers-vietnam/603316/
War...By the Numbers. Charting progress in Afghanistan is tough without data https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2018/10/war-by-the-numbers/

from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, (Bush) Family Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15 of 9/11 were Saudis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism
The majority of Sunni and Shia Muslims worldwide disagree with the interpretation of Wahhabism, and many Muslims denounce them as a faction or a "vile sect".[7] Islamic scholars, including those from the Al-Azhar University, regularly denounce Wahhabism with terms such as "Satanic faith".[33] Wahhabism has been accused of being "a source of global terrorism",[34][35] inspiring the ideology of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),[36] and for causing disunity in Muslim communities by labelling Muslims who disagreed with the Wahhabi definition of monotheism as apostates[37] (takfir) and justifying their killing.[38][39][40] It has also been criticized for the destruction of historic shrines of saints, mausoleums, and other Muslim and non-Muslim buildings and artifacts.[41][42][43]
... snip ...

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.

pg96/loc1373-75:
On the other hand, invading Iraq stunned me. Why were we fighting them again? I was unaware of the discussions in Washington linking Al Qaeda to Saddam. There was broad consensus among international intelligence agencies that he possessed chemical weapons.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

In May2017, Fareed has segment on Saudi Arabia is supporting world wide wahhabism ... which is "extreme" version of Islam ... including ISIS ... also something like 96% of world-wide extreme Islam terrorism is Wahhabi related and that Iran is one of the major forces fighting Wahhabi extremism (highlighting US war on terror supporting Saudi and opposing Iran).

You Can't Understand ISIS If You Don't Know the History of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/alastair-crooke/isis-wahhabism-saudi-arabia_b_5717157.html

Initially, families of 9/11 victims were prohibited suing the Saudi gov for 9/11 responsibility. That was changed in fall of 2013 ... apparently because of big uptic in fracking and getting off Saudi oil dependency.

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims
http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/

US chooses to invade the countries fighting extreme radical Wahhabi ... instead of the country responsible

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent Wahhabi posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#25 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#26 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#70 Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#85 Just and Unjust Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#105 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#113 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#124 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#135 Permanent Record

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico
Date: 11 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico
https://wolfstreet.com/2019/12/10/paypal-western-union-named-shamed-by-mexico-for-overcharging-the-most-on-remittances/

In 1992, AMEX spun off much of its dataprocessing and financial outsourcing as "First Data" in the largest IPO up until that time. Later FDC and First Financial were in bidding war for Western Union and FDC drops out (because of WU poor financials). Then before the end of the century FDC merges with First Financial (and has to divest MoneyGram as part of the deal). After the start of the century, there is huge uptic in both illegal workers from south of the border and huge uptic in WU revenue (workers sending their paychecks home). By 2005, WU revenue exploded until it was as much as all the rest of FDC revenue combined ... and FDC spins off WU (part of the motivation may have been the President of Mexico inviting FDC executives to Mexico to be thrown in jail for the egregious amounts WU was making off Mexican workers).

This gets into part of the story after the turn of the century, large corporations bringing in the huge number of workers, using national Chamber of Commerce to lobby the new administration and new congress to look the other way;
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

Alyssa Katz on the Influence Machine -- The Chamber of Commerce and the Corporate Capture of American Life
https://www.corporatecrimereporter.com/news/200/alyssa-katz-on-the-influence-machine-the-chamber-of-commerce-and-the-corporate-capture-of-american-life/

In the 1880s, Supreme Court was scammed (by the railroads) to give corporations "person rights" under the 14th admendment.
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pgxiii/loc45-50:
IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business corporations too.
... snip ...

and

https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/ pg120/loc1975-78:
The railroad corporations were constitutional first movers who employed innovative tactics to secure new rights. They envisioned the lawsuits as a form of strategic litigation, or what their lawyers called "test cases," to determine whether corporations had the same rights as ordinary people to equal protection and due process under the Fourteenth Amendment.
... snip ...

Then this century, Chamber of Commerce helps corporations getting "people rights" under the 1st amendment pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
... snip ...

past "influence machine" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#91 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#44 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#102 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#77 Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on the businesses that hire them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#9 Which States Account for Our Trade Deficit with Mexico?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#54 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#58 We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#119 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#74 Employers escape sanctions, while the undocumented risk lives and prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#84 Steve King Devised an Insane Formula to Claim Undocumented Immigrants Are Taking Over America

other posts referencing "corporations are people"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#44 Corporations Are People

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Plots Against the President

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Plots Against the President
Date: 11 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Plots Against the President: FDR, A Nation in Crisis, and the Rise of the American Right
https://www.amazon.com/Plots-Against-President-Nation-American-ebook/dp/B07N4BLR77/
loc2140-47:
Promising to restrain the oligarchy that had strangled the nation's economy, Roosevelt threw his support behind a fiery Italian-born lawyer named Ferdinand Pecora. As chief counsel to the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency in its inquiry into the cause of the 1929 stock market crash, the diminutive Pecora was the guiding force behind the most successful congressional investigation in American history. In Pecora's world, no one was above the law, and subpoenaed witnesses who appeared before the committee "in imposing succession," as he later wrote in his memoir, Wall Street Under Oath, were "the demigods of Wall Street, men whose names were household words, but whose personalities and affairs were frequently shrouded in deep, aristocratic mystery … Never before in the history of the United States had so much wealth and power been required to render a public accounting."

loc2147-50:
That Roosevelt chose to back Pecora 100 percent—giving muscle to a probe that had foundered under the Hoover regime—signaled a seriousness of presidential purpose that the Wall Street titans had gravely underestimated. Heir to the 1913 Pujo Committee investigation into the ruling-class "money trust" believed to dominate the nation's economy, the Pecora Committee had an even broader mandate.

loc2177-78:
Dubbed the "hellhound of Wall Street" for his relentless pursuit and expose of its underbelly, Pecora and his committee would change the relationship between Washington and Wall Street—at least for a few decades.

loc2225-28:
Pecora accelerated the inquiry, which paved the way for the passage of the groundbreaking Glass-Steagall banking reform bill. Amassing more than twelve thousand pages of bank documents, culling private income tax records, and subpoenaing internal data from investment firms, Pecora's staff of attorneys and accountants pored over the material, which was stored in trunks guarded by armed Bureau of Investigation agents.

loc2228-30:
Evidence was overwhelming that depositors were bilked when commercial and investment banks gambled their funds in the stock market, and that unethical manipulation and insidious conflicts of interest had triggered the 1929 crash.
... snip ...

Jan1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). Jan2009, I was asked to WEB/HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s Hearings into the '29crash, had been scanned fall2008 at the Boston Public Library) with lots of internal HREFs along with URLs with happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying that it won't be needed after all (comments about capital hill was totally buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash, possibly only 2-3 honest members of congress).

scanned Pecora files at wayback machine
http://archive.org/search.php?query=stock%20exchange%20practices%20AND%20collection%3Aamericana

The Plots Against the President: FDR, A Nation in Crisis, and the Rise of the American Right
https://www.npr.org/books/titles/145469005/the-plots-against-the-president-fdr-a-nation-in-crisis-and-the-rise-of-the-ameri
and When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
https://www.npr.org/2012/02/12/145472726/when-the-bankers-plotted-to-overthrow-fdr

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
wrote War Is A Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
Was invited to participate in military/fascists overthrow of the US Gov. ... and blew the whistle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot
In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country. No evidence was presented and this committee had none to show a connection between this effort and any fascist activity of any European country. There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient.
... snip ...

past posts menioning (US) fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#112 When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Water-cooled 360s?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Water-cooled 360s?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 13 Dec 2019 10:19:18 -0800
000001f25da983e8-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Robert Longabaugh) writes:
I worked at a telco in the 1980s and the 3033, 3032, and 3033MP were water cooled. There was a 3037 PCDU (Power/Cooling Distribution Unit).

I think the 3031 was air cooled.


during the Future System period early-to-mid 70s (completely different than 370 and was going to replace 370), internal politics was killing of 370 efforts (lack of 370 products during the FS period is credited with giving clone makers market foothold). Then when FS imploded there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines and 303x & 308x quick&dirty efforts were kicked off in parallel.

they took 158-3 engine with just the integrated channel microcode (and w/o 370 microcode) for the 303x channel directors.

3031 was then 158-3 engine with the 370 microcode (and w/o the integrated channel microcode) and a 2nd 158-3 engine as the 303x channel director

3032 was 168-3 reconfigured to work with 303x channel director as external channels

a 3033 started out as the 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips, some logic tweaks then got it up to 1.5 times a 168-3.

3081 was then some left over work from Future System ... other description of 3033, 3081, and Future System:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

3081 TCM fried story: the internal side of the heat exchanger had flow sensor but not the external side. One customer lost flow on the external side ... and by the time the heat sensor registered rise in temperature and cut power ... it was too late, and TCMs were fried. After that flow sensors were retrofited to external side.

when the 168-3 engineers got the 3033 out they door, they then started on 3090 (overlapping with work on 3081).

I was involved in a project to do a 16-way 370 SMP and some processor engineers working on 3033, were con'ed into working on in their spare time (a lot more interesting than what they were doing for 3033). At first everybody thot it was great ... but then somebody informed the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system had effective 16-way support. Then the head of POK invited some of us to never visit POK again (and the engineers working on 3033 to stop being distracted) ... I could sometimes still sneak back into POK.

Note that POK didn't ship 16-way SMP until z900 Dec2000 (over 20yrs later).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Ongoing Effort to Write Wall Street Out of the 2008 Financial Crisis

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Ongoing Effort to Write Wall Street Out of the 2008 Financial Crisis
Date: 20 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Ongoing Effort to Write Wall Street Out of the 2008 Financial Crisis
https://theintercept.com/2019/12/17/2008-financial-crisis-study/

recent post
http://www.garlic.coom/~lynn/2019e.html#145 The Plots Against the President

In Jan1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess. Fraudulent securitized mortgages had been used in the S&L crises. I was to improve the integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. Then they discovered that they could pay credit rating agencies for triple-A rating (when the credit rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps supporting documents, now they could do no-documentation liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A and sell everything into the bond market (and no longer had to care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality) ... significantly enabling being able to do over $27T 2001-2008. Then they found that they could securitize mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, take out CDS gambling bets they would fail and sell into the bond market. Now they cared about borrowers' qualifications, but not in the traditional way.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Fall 2008, SECTREAS convinced congress to appropriate TARP money for buying Too Big To Fail offbook toxic assets, but with only $700B it would hardly make a dent in the offbook $5.2T that just the four largest TBTF were carrying YE2008. TARP was then used for other purposes and it was left to the FEDRES to do the real bailout.

The largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to payoff at 50cents on the dollar, when the SECTREAS stepped in, had AIG sign a document that they couldn't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

FEDRES fought a long legal battle to prevent disclosing what it was doing in the "real" TBTF bailout, buying trillions in offbook toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar (when earlier in 2008 they had been selling at 22cents on the dollar) and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. When FEDRES lost, the chairman of the FEDRES held a press conference and said that he had believed that the TBTF would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds).

FED chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP fund posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

TBTF were just buying treasuries with ZIRP and pocketing the spread (for that to work, there had to be trillions in gov. debt, which was setup when congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse in 2002 ... which had been well on its way to eliminating all federal debt). Note that the chairman was partially selected because he was a student of the depression, where the FEDRES had tried something similar with the same results, so chairman should have had no expectation for a different result this time.

Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

In Jan2009, I was asked to WEB/HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into the '29crash, had been scanned fall 2008 at the boston public library) with lots of internal HREFS and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it wouldn't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash, that there might only be 2-3 "honest" members of congress).

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

The Plots Against the President: FDR, A Nation in Crisis, and the Rise of the American Right
https://www.amazon.com/Plots-Against-President-Nation-American-ebook/dp/B07N4BLR77/
When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
https://www.npr.org/2012/02/12/145472726/when-the-bankers-plotted-to-overthrow-fdr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
Date: 20 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets. In a decades-long campaign, the defense bar persuaded Congress and other rule makers to replace transparency with opacity in litigation, ensuring that evidence of what companies know about dangerous products often remains hidden from the public
https://www.reuters.com/investigates/special-report/usa-courts-secrecy-lobbyist/

A lot of this has been the campaigns to give corporations "people rights". Giftopia has chapter on how CFTC has had rule requiring players to have significant position to play, because speculators resulted in wild "irrational" price swings (pump&dump on the way up, and short on the way down). Then 19 secret letters gave specific speculators rights to play ... resulting in the huge spike in oil/gas the summer of 2008. 2011, a senator releases the transaction details showing who was responsible. The press instead of criticizing the perpetrators manipulating commodity prices, pillared the senator for violating corporate privacy.

griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

Originally corporate charters were for entities operating in the public interest, but almost from the founding of the country, there has been significant pressure to give corporate charters to entities operating in self-interest ... followed by extending constitutional "people" rights to corporations. The supreme court was scammed into extending 14th amendment rights to corporations (with claims that was what the original authors had intended).
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.
... snip ...

More recently, supreme court case has been won giving corporations, people rights under the 1st amendment.

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporation%E2%80%99s-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

recent people & constitutional rights for corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#1 The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#82 Prying Open The Overton Window
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#144 PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
Date: 20 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Invention of "Ethical AI". How Big Tech Manipulates Academia to Avoid Regulation
https://theintercept.com/2019/12/20/mit-ethical-ai-artificial-intelligence/

Not just "Big Tech" ... wallstreet did it in the wake of the economic mess. A consulting company was hired to look at some of the consequences and one of the things they recommended was tying up all the prominent economists so that they would parrot what wallstreet wanted. Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
loc1193-95:
According to economists' estimates, such collusion between asset management firms and companies is robbing a large proportion of the retirees of the company of a noticeable share of their retirement benefits. Losses for investors in small fund families with large 401(k) plans can reach more than 13 percent (Cohen and Schmidt 2009).

loc1200-1206:
There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.

loc72-74:
"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines."
... snip ...

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

recent post/discussion;
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#147 The Ongoing Effort to Write Wall Street Out of the 2008 Financial Crisis

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

some "economic distorted facts" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#34 If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#44 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#96 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#16 Conservatives and Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#44 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#92 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#8 The Mathematics of Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#46 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#64 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#117 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#56 It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
Date: 20 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart. The editor in chief of Christianity Today explains his scathing editorial about the president's behavior--and the damage he argues his fellow Christians are doing to the Gospel.
https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2019/12/christianity-today-trump-removal/603952/
But the facts are "unambiguous," Galli wrote. "The president of the United States attempted to use his political power to coerce a foreign leader to harass and discredit one of the president's political opponents. That is not only a violation of the Constitution; more importantly, it is profoundly immoral."
.... snip ...

Andrew Yang was the only Democratic debate candidate to answer the impeachment question honestly
https://www.fastcompany.com/90446369/andrew-yang-was-the-only-democratic-debate-candidate-to-answer-the-impeachment-question-honestly
Andrew Yang had a more incisive take, however: "We're getting our news from different sources," the tech entrepreneur said.

It's an answer that is both obvious and imperceptible. You simply can't compare today's attitudes toward impeachment to those of the Watergate era, when most Americans got their news from the same three TV networks. The typical media diet in 2019 is so partisan and bifurcated that it's almost impossible to imagine broad consensus on anything. It's why we have raging debates over whether climate change is even real and whether vaccines cause autism.

... snip ...

Another huge study of over 650,000 kids shows absolutely no link between vaccines and autism. Doctors say it's proof we're living in a 'fact-resistant' world.
https://www.businessinsider.com/study-shows-no-link-between-vaccines-and-autism-2019-3
The Party That Ruined the Planet. Republican climate denial is even scarier than Trumpism.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/12/opinion/climate-change-republicans.html
Hundreds of 'pink slime' local news outlets are distributing algorithmic stories and conservative talking points
https://www.cjr.org/tow_center_reports/hundreds-of-pink-slime-local-news-outlets-are-distributing-algorithmic-stories-conservative-talking-points.php

Christianity Today's Editorial on Trump: 5 of Its Sharpest Rebukes. The magazine issued a scathing editorial on what it described as President Trump's moral failings, calling for him to be removed from office.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/20/us/christianity-today-editorial-highlights.html
Evangelical magazine Christianity Today calls for Trump's removal after impeachment. Publication founded by televangelist Billy Graham splits with Trump's base, calling president's actions 'immoral'
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/dec/19/trump-evangelical-christian-magazine-impeachment
False Idol -- Why the Christian Right Worships Donald Trump
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-features/christian-right-worships-donald-trump-915381/
The psychological phenomenon that blinds Trump supporters to his racism. People sometimes do mental gymnastics to preserve their preferred view of reality.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/the-psychological-phenomenon-that-blinds-trump-supporters-to-his-racism/2019/07/18/29789344-a8ac-11e9-ac16-90dd7e5716bc_story.html
Donald Trump supporters think about morality differently than other voters. Here's how. Moral Foundations Theory was invented to compare different human cultures. But it can also explain our political landscape
https://www.vox.com/2016/2/5/10918164/donald-trump-morality

it isn't particularly new and dates back to at least founding of the country, both Jefferson and Burr biographies, Hamilton and Federalists were masters of "fake news". It is somewhat portrayed that Hamilton believed himself to be an honorable man, but also that in political and other conflicts, he apparently believed that the ends justified the means. Jefferson constantly battling for separation of church & state and individual freedom, Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power, loc6457-59:
For Federalists, Jefferson was a dangerous infidel. The Gazette of the United States told voters to choose GODAND A RELIGIOUS PRESIDENT or impiously declare for "JEFFERSON-AND NO GOD."
.... Jefferson targeted as the prime mover behind the separation of church and state. Also Hamilton/Federalists wanting supreme monarch (above the law) loc5584-88:
The battles seemed endless, victory elusive. James Monroe fed Jefferson's worries, saying he was concerned that America was being "torn to pieces as we are, by a malignant monarchy faction." 34 A rumor reached Jefferson that Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists Rufus King and William Smith "had secured an asylum to themselves in England" should the Jefferson faction prevail in the government.
... snip ...

Why So Many Trump Supporters Are OK With the President's Lies. Authoritarianism has long been linked to support for Donald Trump. New research finds people with that mindset are less likely to care that a political leader is lying.
https://psmag.com/news/why-so-many-trump-supporters-are-ok-with-the-presidents-lies
Why Are Conservatives More Susceptible to Believing Lies? An interplay between how all humans think and how conservatives tend to act might actually explain a lot about our current moment.
https://slate.com/technology/2017/11/why-conservatives-are-more-susceptible-to-believing-in-lies.html
The death of truth: how we gave up on facts and ended up with Trump. From post-modernism to filter bubbles, 'truth decay' has been spreading for decades. How can we stop alternative facts from bringing down democracy, asks Michiko Kakuta
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/jul/14/the-death-of-truth-how-we-gave-up-on-facts-and-ended-up-with-trump
Why Trump Supporters Don't Mind His Lies
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/28/opinion/sunday/why-trump-supporters-dont-mind-his-lies.html
Trump supporters know Trump lies. They just don't care. A new study explains the psychological power -- and hard limits -- of fact-checking journalism.
https://www.vox.com/2017/7/10/15928438/fact-checks-political-psychology
Is Holding Fake Lunch Contests Trump's Pettiest Scam? The Trump campaign has held several contests to dine with the president. No one appears to have done so
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/trump-campaign-scam-contests-meal-with-president-909188/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT:  Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 21 Dec 2019 08:29:18 -1000
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
If so, then given the shortcuts they've been taking, Boeing has only themselves to blame. They're close enough to a nearby software company that perhaps they've been infected.

(Last time I flew over Redmond I felt a disturbance in the Force. But I was VFR at the time, so I picked a point on the horizon and got myself out.)


The 100yr, 2016 Boeing "century" publication had article that the "merger" with M/D nearly took down Boeing and might yet still. More recent articles about senior safety engineers resigning after the M/D takeover

Crash Course
https://newrepublic.com/article/154944/boeing-737-max-investigation-indonesia-lion-air-ethiopian-airlines-managerial-revolution
Sorscher had spent the early aughts campaigning to preserve the company's estimable engineering legacy. He had mountains of evidence to support his position, mostly acquired via Boeing's 1997 acquisition of McDonnell Douglas, a dysfunctional firm with a dilapidated aircraft plant in Long Beach and a CEO who liked to use what he called the "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers: Hire them for a few months when project deadlines are nigh, fire them when you need to make numbers. In 2000, Boeing's engineers staged a 40-day strike over the McDonnell deal's fallout; while they won major material concessions from management, they lost the culture war. They also inherited a notoriously dysfunctional product line from the corner-cutting market gurus at McDonnell.
... snip ...

Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism. Deregulation means a company once run by engineers is now in the thrall of financiers and its stock remains high even as its planes fall from the sky
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/11/boeing-capitalism-deregulation

The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout
Unlike Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas executives somehow took power in what analysts started calling a "reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought Boeing with Boeing's money."
... snip ...

Former Boeing Engineers Say Relentless Cost-Cutting Sacrificed Safety
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-05-09/former-boeing-engineers-say-relentless-cost-cutting-sacrificed-safety

disclaimer: within year of taking two semester hr intro to fortran/computers was hired fulltime by the univ. to be responsible for their ibm mainframe systems. then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). 747#3 was flying the skies of seattle gettinng FAA flt certification and tour of 747 cabin mockup (a little south of boeing field) would claim that a 747 would be serviced by a minimum of four jetways (because the large number of people carried by the plane).

There was battle between the CFO (which had just 360/30 at the time for payroll) and the head of renton datacenter ... which had $200M-$300M (60s $$$) in IBM 360s ... 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room (I thot Boeing had the largest machine room in the world). There was a disaster/recovery plan (Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud slide takes out the renton datacenter) to build a duplicate of Renton up at new 747 plant at Paine Field in Everett.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US lost more tax revenue than any other developed country in 2018 due to Trump tax cuts

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: US lost more tax revenue than any other developed country in 2018 due to Trump tax cuts
Date: 22 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
US lost more tax revenue than any other developed country in 2018 due to Trump tax cuts, new report says
https://www.cnbc.com/2019/12/05/us-tax-revenue-dropped-sharply-due-to-trump-tax-cuts-report.html
The tax cuts dramatically altered the U.S. tax landscape for the first time in decades by permanently slashing the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, temporarily cutting individual tax rates and limiting state and local tax deductions, among other changes.
... snip ...

note: with the tax loophole changes earlier part of century resulted in effective tax rate paid to around 18%. the latest tax rate cuts promised elimination of the tax loopholes, which never happened, so effective tax rate paid is more like 11% (effective paid half the rate).
https://www.npr.org/2017/08/07/541797699/fact-check-does-the-u-s-have-the-highest-corporate-tax-rate-in-the-world

These 91 companies paid no federal taxes in 2018
https://www.cnbc.com/2019/12/16/these-91-fortune-500-companies-didnt-pay-federal-taxes-in-2018.html
Corporations paid 11.3 percent tax rate last year, in steep drop under Trump's law
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/12/16/corporations-paid-percent-tax-rate-last-year-steep-drop-under-president-trumps-law/
For the first time in history, U.S. billionaires paid a lower tax rate than the working class last year
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/10/08/first-time-history-us-billionaires-paid-lower-tax-rate-than-working-class-last-year/

Researchers at Ohio State found that even when people are provided with accurate numerical information, they tend to misremember those numbers to match whatever beliefs they already hold.
https://www.niemanlab.org/2019/12/people-who-are-given-correct-information-still-misremember-it-to-fit-their-own-beliefs/

The IMF Confirms That 'Trickle-Down' Economics Is, Indeed, a Joke. Like, an actual joke.
https://psmag.com/economics/trickle-down-economics-is-indeed-a-joke
Record debt and inequality gap? It's almost like 40 years of Republican tax cuts failed.
https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2019/10/03/republican-tax-cuts-fail-record-debt-and-inequality-gap-column/3833546002/
After 2 Years, Trump Tax Cuts Have Failed To Deliver On GOP's Promises
https://www.npr.org/2019/12/20/789540931/2-years-later-trump-tax-cuts-have-failed-to-deliver-on-gops-promises

2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending could not exceed tax revenue, eliminated deficit and on its way to eliminating all federal debt). by 2005, US Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly it was savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report that 2003-2009, spending was increased by $6T and tax revenue cut by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (1st time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of Federal Reserve and wallstreet wanting huge federal debt, special interests and wallstreet wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars)

back to the 80s, VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president and presides over the economic mess (70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis), debt explosion and two perpetual wars.

spring 2009, IRS announces they are going after the 52,000 wealthy Americans that owe $400B on money illegally stashed overseas (separate from the earlier in decade congressional changes for legally stashing money overseas). spring 2011, new speaker of the house on local DC weekend radio show says he is putting the new tea party darlings on the tax committee, because members of that committee are the members that get the most money. he also declares that he is cutting budget for the IRS unit responsible for recovering that $400B. there have been news items about a couple billion in fines on the financial institutions that facilitated the illegal tax evasion ... but nothing about getting the $400B plus fines and jailtime.

administration start of the decade brought spending down more in line with tax revenue, but the latest administration further tax cuts and increased spending results in another big explosion in deficit and debt (now larger than annual GDP and debt service/interest is now one of the largest budget items).

Supposedly TARP funds were appropriated to buy TBTF off-book toxic assets as part of bailout. However with only $700B it could hardly make a dent, just the four largest TBTF were carrying $5.2T ye2008 ... so TARP was used for other purposes and the Federal Reserve did the "real" bailout, buying trillions in off-book toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar (that had been going for 22cents on the dollar earlier in 2008) and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds.

The Federal Reserve fought long hard legal battle to prevent disclosing what they were doing and when they lost, the FED chairman held a press conference and said he had expected the TBTF to use ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds). They were buying treasuries and making hundreds of billions per annum off the spread (however this wouldn't have worked w/o the enormous explosion in the federal debt). Trivia: the FED chairman was in part selected for having been a depression era scholar, however the FED had tried something similar then with similar results, so he should have had no expectation of something different this time.

fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
tax evasion, fraud, haven, avoidance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc#tax.evasion
(triple-A rated offbook) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
ZIRP fund posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
FED chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
Date: 22 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis. Dennis Muilenburg's handling of the 737 Max grounding after two fatal crashes has angered lawmakers, airlines, regulators and victims' families.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/22/business/boeing-dennis-muilenburg-737-max.html

The 100yr, 2016 Boeing "century" publication had article that the "merger" with M/D nearly took down Boeing and might yet still. More recent articles about senior safety engineers resigning after the M/D takeover

Crash Course
https://newrepublic.com/article/154944/boeing-737-max-investigation-indonesia-lion-air-ethiopian-airlines-managerial-revolution
Sorscher had spent the early aughts campaigning to preserve the company's estimable engineering legacy. He had mountains of evidence to support his position, mostly acquired via Boeing's 1997 acquisition of McDonnell Douglas, a dysfunctional firm with a dilapidated aircraft plant in Long Beach and a CEO who liked to use what he called the "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers: Hire them for a few months when project deadlines are nigh, fire them when you need to make numbers. In 2000, Boeing's engineers staged a 40-day strike over the McDonnell deal's fallout; while they won major material concessions from management, they lost the culture war. They also inherited a notoriously dysfunctional product line from the corner-cutting market gurus at McDonnell.
... snip ...

Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism. Deregulation means a company once run by engineers is now in the thrall of financiers and its stock remains high even as its planes fall from the sky
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/11/boeing-capitalism-deregulation

The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout
Unlike Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas executives somehow took power in what analysts started calling a "reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought Boeing with Boeing's money."
... snip ...

Former Boeing Engineers Say Relentless Cost-Cutting Sacrificed Safety
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-05-09/former-boeing-engineers-say-relentless-cost-cutting-sacrificed-safety

disclaimer: within year of taking two semester hr intro to fortran/computers was hired fulltime by the univ. to be responsible for their ibm mainframe systems. then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). 747#3 was flying the skies of seattle getting FAA flt certification and tour of 747 cabin mockup (a little south of boeing field) would claim that a 747 would be serviced by a minimum of four jetways (because the large number of people carried by the plane).

There was battle between the CFO (which had just 360/30 at the time for payroll) and the head of renton datacenter ... which had $200M-$300M (60s $$$) in IBM 360s ... 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room (I thot Boeing had the largest machine room in the world). There was a disaster/recovery plan (Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud slide takes out the renton datacenter) to build a duplicate of Renton up at new 747 plant at Paine Field in Everett.

some recent Boeing Computer Services posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#75 Ancient computers in use today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#93 Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#36 IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#13 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#27 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#17 Globalization Worker Negotiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#82 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#42 Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#47 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#86 Computer/IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#90 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#51 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#60 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#55 Pareto efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#83 Ferranti Atlas paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#104 Now Hear This-Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#28 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#25 OFF TOPIC: Spring Break, 1947
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#22 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#60 IBM 360/67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#151 OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Book on monopoly (IBM)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Book on monopoly (IBM)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 26 Dec 2019 11:44:53 -1000
hancock4 writes:
In essence, ever since the big deregulation push by Jimmy Carter and Reagan, a lot of business people have exploited the weaknesses by initiating new schemes that were borderline or outright fraudulent. A big area was creating very risky investments (i.e. junk bonds and derivatives) but managing to pawn them off as legitimate deals.

in the 80s, VP (and former CIA director) repeatedly denies knowing anything about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

then last decade, Bush2 is president and presides over perpetual wars, federal debt explosion and the economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis.

Jan1999 I ws asked to help try and stop the coming economic mess (we failed). I was told that some walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a few billion, needed to fail leaving the field clear for the next round of IPOs) and were predicted to get into securitized mortgages next. Part of S&L crises were fraudulent securitized mortgages, I was to improve the supporting documents as a countermeasure. They then found that they could pay the credit rating agencies for triple-A (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearing testimonies). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A and sell off immediately into the bond market (no longer needed to care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality), triple-A rating contributed significantly to doing over $27T 2001-2008

They then find that they can design securitized loans/mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell off into bond market, and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy loans, now they cared about borrowers' qualifications but not in the normal way).

SECTREAS convinced congress about TARP, supposedly for too big to fail bailout, buying off-book toxic assets. However just the four largest TBTF had $5.2T off-book ye2008 ... which the TARP $700B wasn't even close to covering. The SECTREAS used TARP for other things, and it was left to the FEDRES to bailout the TBTF. The largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in, has them sign that they can't sue those making the CDS bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs was the firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

trivia: junk bonds and the industry got such a bad reputation during the S&L crises that the name was changed to "high-yield" bonds and the industry become private equity.

other trivia: AMEX was in competition with KKR for PE LBO take-over of RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble and hires away the president of AMEX to help. Then IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 baby blues in prepartion for breaking up the company; 28Dec1992 "How IBM Was Left Behind", gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
The IBM board then hires away the former president of AMEX as CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same techniques used at RJR (gone 404, but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Around the turn of the century, he leaves IBM to head up another PE firm. PE firms were buying up government contractors and beltway bandits and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource government to their companies ... including the company that will employ Snowden. Companies in the PE-mill are under intense pressure to cut corners as part of pushing as much money as possible up to their PE-owners.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

just "intelligence", half the employees and 70% of the budget
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
the push for profits was rapidly accelerating the speading success of failure culture (more money from a series of failures, including 9/11)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

PE will borrow 100% for LPO-takeover and then put the loan on the victim's books. Half corporate defaults are companies in or previously in PE-mill because of heavy debt load. A PE can sell the victim company for less than it paid and still walk away with boat loads of money (since the loan to buy the company goes with the sold company ... and *NOT* paid off, similar to house flipping, but w/o paying off the existing mortgage).

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Book on monopoly (IBM)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Book on monopoly (IBM)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 26 Dec 2019 14:50:38 -1000
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
other trivia: AMEX was in competition with KKR for PE LBO take-over of RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble and hires away the president of AMEX to help. Then IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 baby blues in prepartion for breaking up the company; 28Dec1992 "How IBM Was Left Behind", gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
The IBM board then hires away the former president of AMEX as CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same techniques used at RJR (gone 404, but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#154 Book on monopoly (IBM)

as IBM is going into the red in 1992, AMEX spins off a bunch of its (mainframe) dataprocessing and financial services outsourcing (including doing "soup to nuts" credit card processing for many of the US financial institutions) as First Data Corp (executives previously reported to AMEX president) in the largest IPO up until that time.

FDC was in competition with First Financiial for Western Union ... and FDC drops out (because of WU poor financials). Then before the end of the century FDC merges with First Financial (and has to divest MoneyGram as part of the deal). After the start of the century, there is explosion in both (big corporations bringing in) illegal workers from south of the border and WU revenue (illegal workers sending their paychecks home). By 2005, WU revenue had exploded until it was as much as all the rest of FDC revenue combined (in 5yrs from almost nothing to half of FDC total revenue) ... and FDC spins off WU (part of the motivation may have been the President of Mexico inviting FDC executives to Mexico to be thrown in jail for the egregious amounts WU was making off Mexican workers).

This gets into part of the story after the turn of the century, large corporations bringing in the huge number of illegal workers, using national Chamber of Commerce to lobby the new administration and new congress to look the other way (also claims that local chambers of commerce were severing ties with the national body over the illegal worker issue)
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NDTUDHA/
Alyssa Katz on the Influence Machine -- The Chamber of Commerce and the Corporate Capture of American Life
https://www.corporatecrimereporter.com/news/200/alyssa-katz-on-the-influence-machine-the-chamber-of-commerce-and-the-corporate-capture-of-american-life/

Then private equity KKR does take-over of FDC in the largest LBO (reverse-IPO) up until that time (recently FDC has been acquired by FISERV).

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

I've mentioned before doing some performance work on FDC's 450K Cobol statement credit card processing application around the turn of the century. It was running on 40+ max configured IBM mainframe systems (@$30M/system, none older than 18months, constant cycle of upgrades) ... number needed to finish settlement in the overnight batch window (and getting 14% throughput improvement)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#50 Where can you get a Minor in Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#20 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#24 Job ad for z/OS systems programmer trainee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#81 Intel: an expensive many-core future is ahead of us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#5 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#76 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#20 IBM forecasts 'new world order' for financial services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#35 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#45 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#13 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#62 Cobol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Book on monopoly (IBM)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Book on monopoly (IBM)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 27 Dec 2019 07:19:03 -1000
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#154 Book on monopoly (IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#155 Book on monopoly (IBM)

at the time (turn of century), that FDC datacenter (40+ max configured IBM mainframes) was doing the (outsourced) processing for 500M credit card accounts (creating&mailing plastics, transactions, monthly statements, call-centers, aka soup to nuts). Another FDC datacenter was handling the majority of the point-of-sale terminals in the US (acquiring/merchant side as opposed to issuing/consumer side) and another FDC datacenter was handling the dataprocessing for all major cable TV operations in the US (all cable TV terminals at offices, configuration management and downloading to nearly all settop boxes in the US, billing/statementing, call centers, etc). The cable TV dataprocessing had a banner in the datacenter about running 130 different/concurrent instances of CICS (on single system)

Earlier in the 80s, there was somebody competing to be the next AMEX CEO ... and looses to the AMEX president (who, before getting the promotion, is hired away by KKR to help with the turn around of RJR, then becomes CEO of IBM, then leaves to head up another PE company). The looser leaves AMEX, taking their protegee to Baltimore where they acquire something that has been described as a loan sharking business. They make some number of other acquisitions, eventually acquiring CITIBANK in violation of Glass-Steagall. Fed Chairman Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby DC for repeal of Glass-Steagall, including enlisting the SECTREAS (who had formally been head of the same firm that the following administration SECTREAS this century, had also headed, there was DC joke that US Treasury had become the local DC branch office for the firm). With the ball rolling on repeal, the SECTREAS resigns to become what was described at the time as co-CEO of CITIBANK. The protegee then departs CITIBANK and becomes CEO of one of the other four largest Too-Big-To-Fail.

CITIBANK is one of largest TBTF players in securitized mortgages and had the largest part of the $5.2T in offbook toxic assets (that the four largest TBTF still carried YE2008).

gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

American Cities Are Becoming Shell Companies for the Rich

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: American Cities Are Becoming Shell Companies for the Rich
Date: 30 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
American Cities Are Becoming Shell Companies for the Rich
https://www.truthdig.com/articles/american-cities-are-becoming-shell-companies-for-the-rich/
All-cash transactions have come to account for a quarter of all residential real estate purchases, "totaling hundreds of billions of dollars nationwide," the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network - the financial crimes unit of the federal Treasury Department, also known as FinCEN - noted in a 2017 news release. Thanks to the Bank Secrecy Act, a 1970 anti-money-laundering law, the agency is able to learn who owns many of these properties. In high-cost cities such as New York, San Francisco, Los Angeles and Miami, it's flagged over 30% of cash purchases as suspicious transactions. But FinCEN also cites this bill to hide this information from the public, leaving the American people increasingly in the dark about who owns their cities.
... snip ...

GRIFTOPIA
https://www.amazon.com/Griftopia-Machines-Vampire-Breaking-America/dp/0385529953
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Griftopia

One of the topics in "Griftopia" was that the commodity markets (CFTC) had requirement that participants have significant position in the commodity because speculators resulted in wild, irrational price swings (pump&dump on the way up and short on the way down). There were then 19 "secret" letters allowing exemptions for specific entities, resulting in wild, irrational price swings ... ... including huge spike in oil (& gasoline) summer of 2008. Later, a member of congress published the summer of 2008 transactions showing those responsible ... somehow they then got the press to vilify the member of congress for violating corporation privacy (misdirection away from the speculators) ... aka corporations have "people" rights under the constitution

griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

Turns out that a lot of wallstreet is focused on volatility ... they have much less revenue from static, stable market ... they do pump&dump ... pushing the market up (buy low, sell high) and then short ... pushing the market down. Old interview that they are all doing illegal activity (before it got much worse with HFT) ... and have nothing to worry about from SEC.
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

After working as consultant for small client/server company for what becomes "electronic commerce", was asked to join financial standards committee working on integrity of transactions. One of the other members was from NSCC (before merge with DTC to become DTCC) and they invited me to look at improving integrity of trading transactions. I work on it for awhile, but then get told the work was being suspended. A side effect of the integrity work would have greatly increased transparency and visibility ... anathema to wallstreet culture ... and something like 30% of transactions can't stand the light of day. (and those transactions have gotten worse with HFT).

The Madoff congressional hearings had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC hands were finally forced when Madoff turned himself in). They asked him if new regulations were needed. He replied that while new regulations might be needed, but much more important was improved transparency and visibility (possibly because SEC wasn't doing anything with existing regulations).

Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

Note rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors went to jail, however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, they started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reports, even showing they increased after SOX went into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
financial report fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Goliath

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Goliath
Date: 30 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
Corporatism is an American, Bipartisan Scourge. Matt Stoller's Goliath recalls when workers' rights became 'consumer advocacy,' and we all lost the language of anti-monopoly.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/corporatism-is-an-american-bipartisan-scourge/
Stoller also delves into the secret production compacts between American and Nazi producers delivering a timeless lesson that corporate giants will nearly always pursue profit above morality in their dealings with authoritarian regimes. The reader cannot help but draw a similarity between the modern-day economic entanglements of U.S. corporations and the Chinese communist party and not see the same problem on an exponentially grander scale.

Goliath
https://www.amazon.com/Goliath-Monopolies-Secretly-Took-World-ebook/dp/B07GNSSTGJ/

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings in IBM. He would include that former US military officers steeped in rigid, top-down command and control were starting to contaminate US corporate culture (has also been used to explain ratio of top executives compensation to employee compensation exploding to 400:1 after having been 20:1, aka justified based on only top executives know what they are doing).

Boyd posts (& URLs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

However, also around the early 80s, articles started appearing that MBAs were starting to destroy US corporations with their myopic focus on quarterly numbers. The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:
In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards
... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

'Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2018/0
3/corporations-people-adam-winkler/554852/

Originally corporate charters were for entities operating in the public interest, but almost from the founding of the country, there has been significant pressure to give corporate charters to entities operating in self-interest ... followed by extending constitutional "people" rights to corporations. The supreme court was scammed into extending 14th amendment rights to corporations (with claims that was what the original authors had intended).

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.

pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
... snip ...

Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power,
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/
loc6457-59:
For Federalists, Jefferson was a dangerous infidel. The Gazette of the United States told voters to choose GODAND A RELIGIOUS PRESIDENT or impiously declare for "JEFFERSON-AND NO GOD."
... snip .... Jefferson targeted as the prime mover behind the separation of church and state. Also Hamilton/Federalists wanting supreme monarch (above the law)

loc5584-88:
The battles seemed endless, victory elusive. James Monroe fed Jefferson's worries, saying he was concerned that America was being "torn to pieces as we are, by a malignant monarchy faction." 34 A rumor reached Jefferson that Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists Rufus King and William Smith "had secured an asylum to themselves in England" should the Jefferson faction prevail in the government.
... snip ...

Also, Hamilton and the Federalists: 19e. The Alien and Sedition Acts (including making criticism of gov. & president a crime)
https://www.ushistory.org/us/19e.asp

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporation%E2%80%99s-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.
... snip ...

Then sort of replay of the German victory celebration, later there was conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US also at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

In the wake of the economic mess, wallstreet hired consulting company to look at some of the consequences and one of the things they recommended was tying up all the prominent economists so that they would parrot what wallstreet wanted. Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
loc1193-95:
According to economists' estimates, such collusion between asset management firms and companies is robbing a large proportion of the retirees of the company of a noticeable share of their retirement benefits. Losses for investors in small fund families with large 401(k) plans can reach more than 13 percent (Cohen and Schmidt 2009).

loc1200-1206:
There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.

loc72-74:
"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines."
... snip ...

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

recent Friedman &/or pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#3 Pension Plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#8 The First World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#17 NSA's top talent is leaving because of low pay, slumping morale and unpopular reorganization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#59 How Income Tax on Social Security Became a $277 Billion Problem for Retirees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#84 The Warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#2 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#3 Xerox company sold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#5 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#10 Xerox company sold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#59 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#87 Where Is Everyone???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#93 Some risk from last decade economic mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#95 The Return Of Haim Bodek - HFT's First Whistleblower
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#114 Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#6 Iraq Invasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#8 Remington gun company files for bankruptcy protection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#17 AFR Report: Private Equity's Failing Grade in the For-Profit College Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#19 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#39 What Happened to the $2.6 Trillion Social Security Trust Fund?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#58 Prepare for the bankrupt government pension plans!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#75 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#93 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#16 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#25 Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#35 How Two House Democrats Defended Helping the GOP Weaken Dodd-Frank Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#51 A story about monkeys explains our grifter nation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#55 Should Bankers Be Forced to Put Some Skin in the Game?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#90 Study Confirms Most Psychopaths Live in Washington D.C
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#96 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#9 Buying Victory: Money as a Weapon on the Battlefields of Today and Tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#14 On The Deficit, GOP Has Been Playing Us All For Suckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#25 Why You Should Trust Your Gut, According to the University of Cambridge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#59 Excess Management Is Costing the U.S. $3 Trillion Per Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#64 Mystery of the Underpaid American Worker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#80 Art Laffer's Chinese Curve Ball
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#87 White-Collar Criminals Got Off Scot-Free After the 2008 Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#102 Can we learn from financial lessons of 90 years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#108 The United States' Perpetual War in Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#109 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#115 Economists Should Stop Defending Milton Friedman's Pseudo-science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#3 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#6 These Four Predicted The Global Financial Crisis; Here's What They Think Causes The Next One
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#7 As Debt Rises, the Government Will Soon Spend More on Interest Than on the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#31 US Auto Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#35 OT: Postal Service seeks record price hikes to bolster falling revenues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#41 The Great Depression II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#43 The Great Depression II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#46 How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#48 How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#61 Lawmakers Leak Plan For $3 Billion Pension-Fund Bailout
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#66 Economic Mess Prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#73 Trump is reportedly not worried about a massive US debt crisis as he'll be out of office by then
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#74 How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#104 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#107 Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of workers, researchers say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#108 Share Buybacks and the Contradictions of "Shareholder Capitalism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#113 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#117 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#120 As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#1 As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#9 Balanced Federal Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#15 TARP Funds and Noncompliant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#17 Dancing Elephant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#49 Pentagon harbors culture of revenge against whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#50 Rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#56 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#88 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#41 Capitalism Gone Wild
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#48 7 Charts Exposing The Nation's Pension Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#91 SS Trustees Report Summary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#93 IBM Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#59 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#83 Americans Die Younger Despite Spending the Most on Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#11 CalPERS Sleaze Watch: Showcases Criminal Ex-General "Betray-Us" as Keynote Speaker at Offsite
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#46 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#110 Trump tells Republicans he may begin cutting social security and Medicare if he wins in 2020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#32 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#33 Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#34 The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#40 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#64 Capitalism as we know it is dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#93 Trump Administration Scaling Back Rules Meant to Stop Corporate Inversions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#99 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#117 Even With Better Education, Millennials Earn 20% Less Than Baby Boomers, Study Finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#142 Trump is deconstructing the government, one agency at a time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#149 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#154 Book on monopoly (IBM)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More Chinese scientists in America are going back home

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: More Chinese scientists in America are going back home
Date: 30 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
More Chinese scientists in America are going back home. Returning researchers boost China's scientific impact
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-12/osu-mcs123019.php
In a new study, researchers found that more than 16,000 researchers have returned to China from other countries since that nation has opened up to international engagement. More than 4,500 left the United States for China in 2017 - nearly double the number who left in 2010.
... snip ...

early 90s report, study had half the advanced STEM degrees by univ. in cal. went to foreign born students (mostly far east) ... most remaining in the US to work ... however, downturn in US economy and/or upturn in their home country economy could result in tipping point where most would return home

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#33 [IBM-MAIN] NY Times editorial on white collar jobs going
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#21 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#7 U.S. Cedes Top Spot in Global IT Competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#57 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#36 Students mostly not ready for math, science college courses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#37 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#65 How do you manage your value statement?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#27 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#63 U.S. students behind in math, science, analysis says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#67 I would like to understand the professional job market in US. Is it shrinking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#3 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#18 21st century India: welcome to the smartest city on the planet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#18 Great Brian Arthur article on the Second Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#32 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#86 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#100 Anthem Healthcare Hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#27 US Education

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Y2K

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Y2K
Date: 31 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
One of the early (official, sanctioned, moderated) discussions groups on the internal network was CENTURY FORUM (disucssion of Y2K issues) ... one of the entries (contributed by somebody from Houston)

Date: 7 December 1984, 14:35:02 CST
To: Distribution

1.In 1969, Continental Airlines was the first (insisted on being the first) customer to install PARS. Rushed things a bit, or so I hear. On February 29, 1972, ALL of the PARS systems canceled certain reservations automatically, but unintentionally. There were (and still are) creatures called "coverage programmers" who deal with such situations.

2.A bit of "cute" code I saw once operated on a year by loading a byte of packed data into a register (using INSERT CHAR), then used LA R,1(R) to bump the year. Got into a bit of trouble when the year 196A followed 1969. I guess the problem is not everyone is aware of the odd math in calendars. People even set up new religions when they discover new calendars (sometimes).

3.We have an interesting calendar problem in Houston. The Shuttle Orbiter carries a box called an MTU (Master Timing Unit). The MTU gives yyyyddd for the date. That's ok, but it runs out to ddd=400 before it rolls over. Mainly to keep the ongoing orbit calculations smooth. Our simulator (hardware part) handles a date out to ddd=999. Our simulator (software part) handles a date out to ddd=399. What we need to do, I guess, is not ever have any 5-week long missions that start on New Year's Eve. I wrote a requirements change once to try to straighten this out, but chickened out when I started getting odd looks and snickers (and enormous cost estimates).

... snip ... top of post, old email index

posts with CENTURY FORUM refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#24 BA Solves Y2K (Was: Re: Chinese Solve Y2K)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#94 Those who do not learn from history...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#21 Sun researchers: Computers do bad math ;)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#16 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#53 Long parms...again

I had been blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) in the late 70s and early 80s on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. One of the outcomes was officially sanctioned computer conferencing software and discussion groups with moderators

online computer conferencing ... precursor to modern social media ... all on keyboard

the one that apparently set them off ... was trip report I did on visit to Jim Gray at Tandem. I had worked with Jim at Research. He was principal in relational DBMS implementation and a lot of DBMS theory and technologies (like acid properties, high integrity, etc). When he leaves, he tries to pawn off bunch of stuff on me, supporting Bank of American (early install of original RDBMS ... looking at putting in 60 4341s running it in branch locations), consulting with the IMS DBMS group, etc.

original sql/relational DBMS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

The Tandem trip report was distributed to a few people which then was redistributed to large number of other people which then resulted in sending lots of comments and questions ... which I responded to ... which then led to larger number of comments and questions. There were only 300 or so active direct participants ... but claims that it was being read regularly by up to 25,000. From IBMJARGON:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

... note I never talked to anybody in the press, don't know who leaked to Datamation and others.

300 pages from "Tandem Meos" were printed, a lengthy executive summary was printed, and then a shorter executive summary of the executive summary was printed. Copies were placed in six "TANDEM" 3-ring binders and sent to each of the six members of the executive committee. Possibly mitigated reason that I wasn't fired, even with 5of6 wanted to, was it was very visible ... also a large number of internal mainframe datacenters operations ran my enhanced operating systems (including world-wide, online sales&marketing support HONE systems) ... hobby of mine was enhanced production operating systems for lots of internal datacenters. With 5of6 wanting to fire me, I was never going to get promotions ... but the 6th did provide funding as if I had the highest technical level ... and others at that level provided cover.

In the wake of "Tandem Memos" there were a lot of task forces to investigate this new online phenomena. Eventually there were official sanctioned online <moderated> forums and discussion groups. Another outcome was a researcher was paid for nine months to sit in the back of my office, studying how I communicated, face-to-face, telephone, online, etc., they got copies of all my outgoing and incoming email and logs of all my instant messages. Besides IBM papers, the material was also used for a number of papers and books ... as well as Stanford PhD (joint between language and computer AI, Terry Winograd was advisor on the computer AI side).

computer mediated conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Trivia: I was in San Jose Research at the time ... which was normal sized office ... (not much room for somebody to sit in the back) ... however several other IBM locations around silicon valley area let me have space also. The VLSI group out in Los Gatos let me have nearly a whole wing of offices and labs ... and there was nearly triple-sized office that I spent some time in when I was doing stuff in Los Gatos (which the researcher did their monitoring).

I had also done special enhanced operating system for bldg14&15 (disk engineering and product test). They were running stand alone mainframes for testing (prescheduled 7x24). They had tried MVS ... but it had 15min MTBF in that environment (requiring manual re-ipl). I offered to do a bullet-proof, never fail input/output supervisor so they could do any number of on-demand, concurrent testing (greatly increasing productivity). One of the downside was they would blame me if something wasn't working right ... and I would have to come over and diagnose the problem ... which most frequently turned out to be some hardware problem ... which increasingly sucked me into playing disk engineer for them

getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

Similar, but different, TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
(also in silicon valley) had done VM370/CMS-based online computer conferencing and started offerring it for "free" to the IBM mainframe user group SHARE
https://www.share.org/
in Aug1976 ... archives here for example of 70s&80s online computer conferencing
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

In addition to wandering around IBM sites, I was also allowed to wander around a lot of customer sites. I would periodically visit TYMSHARE ... and/or see them at regular monthly meetings hosted by SLAC up in Palo Alto.
https://www6.slac.stanford.edu/
I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get monthly tape copy of all the VMSHARE (and later PCSHARE) files for putting up on internal network and host mainframe systems (including sales&marketing support HONE systems). Biggest battle was with IBM lawyers who were concerned that internal employees would be contaminated exposed to customer information

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fascists

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Fascists
Date: 31 Dec 2019
Blog: Facebook
Later (after the German "victory celebration" at Waldof-Austoria and US entry into the war against Germany) There was conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity (obfuscating their fascist and white supremacists associations)
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

still going on, Christian Activist: When They Attack White Supremacy, They Attack Christianity
https://www.patheos.com/blogs/progressivesecularhumanist/2019/08/christian-activist-when-they-attack-white-supremacy-theyre-attacking-christianity/

note antifi shortened from anti-fascists
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antifa_(United_States)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-fascism
https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/X56rQkDgd0qqB7R68t6t7C/seven-things-you-need-to-know-about-antifa

Note the original English settlement was Jamestown that had planned to follow the Spanish model, military to enslave the local natives to support the settlement. It turns out that the North American natives weren't as cooperative and the original settlement starved. English then switched to sending over other members of the British Isles (also "white") to serve the purpose. The crown charters for those settlements then had rigid social structure with the "leet-men" at the bottom and "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations".

For some distinction at West Point, my wife's father was given a set of 1880 history books by the daughters of the 17th century
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org/
they mention that if the "English" settlers had won (instead of the "Scottish"), US would have look much more like rigid English social structure with Monarch ... also portrayed as the battle between Jefferson/Madison and the Hamilton/Federalist monarchists ... for awhile they got their way with
https://www.ushistory.org/us/19e.asp
The most controversial of the new laws permitting strong government control over individual actions was the Sedition Act. In essence, this Act prohibited public opposition to the government. Fines and imprisonment could be used against those who "write, print, utter, or publish . . . any false, scandalous and malicious writing" against the government.

The "English" didn't want to be "free" from forced religion, they wanted to be the ones doing the "forcing".
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/
loc6457-59:
For Federalists, Jefferson was a dangerous infidel. The Gazette of the United States told voters to choose GOD AND A RELIGIOUS PRESIDENT or impiously declare for "JEFFERSON-AND NO GOD."
.... Jefferson targeted as the prime mover behind the separation of church and state. Also Hamilton/Federalists wanting supreme monarch (above the law) loc5584-88:
The battles seemed endless, victory elusive. James Monroe fed Jefferson's worries, saying he was concerned that America was being "torn to pieces as we are, by a malignant monarchy faction." 34 A rumor reached Jefferson that Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists Rufus King and William Smith "had secured an asylum to themselves in England" should the Jefferson faction prevail in the government.
... snip ...

corporations were given special charters to ooperate in the public interest, however from the start, there was Hamilton/Federalist faction that wanted to have corporations that could operate in self interests (and over the years have fought hard to give them people "rights" under the constitution ... including scamming/falsifying supreme court testimony).
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.

pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
... snip ...

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporation%E2%80%99s-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

'Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2018/03/corporations-people-adam-winkler/554852/

In the 20s/30s/40s, lots of US corporations aligned with fascists and supported Hitler, The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004 The Coming of the
American Behemoth: The Origins of Fascism in the United States, 1920 -1940
https://www.amazon.com/Coming-American-Behemoth-Origins-Fascism/dp/1583677321
When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
https://www.npr.org/2012/02/12/145472726/when-the-bankers-plotted-to-overthrow-fdr
The Plots Against the President: FDR, A Nation in Crisis, and the Rise of the American Right
https://www.amazon.com/Plots-Against-President-Nation-American-ebook/dp/B07N4BLR77/

John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.
... snip ...

Corporatism is an American, Bipartisan Scourge. Matt Stoller's Goliath recalls when workers' rights became 'consumer advocacy,' and we all lost the language of anti-monopoly.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/corporatism-is-an-american-bipartisan-scourge/
Stoller also delves into the secret production compacts between American and Nazi producers delivering a timeless lesson that corporate giants will nearly always pursue profit above morality in their dealings with authoritarian regimes.
... snip ...
https://www.amazon.com/Goliath-Monopolies-Secretly-Took-World-ebook/dp/B07GNSSTGJ/

other recent fascist posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#112 When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#145 The Plots Against the President

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970





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