List of Archived Posts

2021 Newsgroup Postings (03/25 - 04/23)

THE PENTAGON'S FLYING FIASCO. Don't look now, but the F-35 is afterburnered toast
What's Fortran?!?!
What's Fortran?!?!
How Ike Led
The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning
What's Fortran?!?!
What's Fortran?!?!
The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning
A Discourse on Winning and Losing
IBM 360/85
How Ike Led
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
The Rise of the Internet
The Rise of the Internet
The Rise of the Internet
The Rise of the Internet
The Rise of the Internet
The Rise of the Internet
The Rise of the Internet
IBM's innovation: Topping the US patent list for 28 years running
The Rise of the Internet
History Has Never Deterred the U.S. Military
We're Kind of Overwhelmed by Biden's Infrastructure Plan
LACERS Board Member Lambastes Lousy Private Equity Returns as More Studies Confirm Poor Performance for Decades
US Dollar's Status as Dominant "Global Reserve Currency" Drops to 25-Year Low
Field Support and PSRs
Multinationals shifted $1 trillion offshore, stripping countries of billions in tax revenues, study says
The Antiscience Movement Is Escalating, Going Global and Killing Thousands
IBM 370/195
The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
Does HBO's QAnon Documentary Reveal Who Q Is?
April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
IBM 370/155
Why do startups fail?
IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
POK 370 Multiprocessor Machines
Cloud Computing
Cloud Computing
Cloud Computing
Real Programmers and interruptions
tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
IBM Hardest Problem(s)
IBM Hardest Problem(s)
IMS Stories
America's biggest corporations paid no federal income taxes last year
Cloud Computing
IBM 370
IBM 370
Cloud Computing
WW2 Strategic Bombing
IBM Hardest Problem(s)
Google: US-EU tech trade is 'fraying' and we need a new council to save it
Comanche Empire
Comanche Empire
Money Laundering
Apple, Amazon and Google slam 'discriminatory' voting restriction laws
IBM CEO Story
OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM
OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
Comanche Empire
Comanche Empire
Comanche Empire
Comanche Empire
The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
Cancel the F-35, Fund Infrastructure Instead
OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
Bernie Madoff Told the Truth About One Thing He exposed the financial system as only a crook could
OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
Humans solve problems by adding complexity, even when it's against our best interests
The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar
IBM AIX
Bizarre Career Events
Bizarre Career Events
Bizarre Career Events
Bizarre Career Events
Bizarre Career Events
What the Iraq Invasion Revealed About How America Works
Bizarre Career Events
OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
EBCDIC Trivia

THE PENTAGON'S FLYING FIASCO. Don't look now, but the F-35 is afterburnered toast

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: THE PENTAGON'S FLYING FIASCO. Don't look now, but the F-35 is afterburnered toast
Date: 25 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
THE PENTAGON'S FLYING FIASCO. Don't look now, but the F-35 is afterburnered toast
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/03/the-bunker-designed-and-delayed-into-oblivion/
Then, on March 5, the head of the House Armed Services Committee declared the program a "rathole." Unlike "stall," "rathole" is easily understood.

... snip ...

posts about an F-16 follow-on instead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#9 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#10 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#11 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

other recent posts mentioning F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#63 The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#69 Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#31 Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#42 Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#91 Why F-5s Beat Out F-16s For The Navy's Latest Commercial Aggressor Contract
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#39 Crash Course
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#40 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#118 Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#64 SCIENTIST DISCOVERS NEW ELEMENT - ADMINISTRATIUM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#6 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#40 IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#68 IBM S/38
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#102 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#36 GAO report finds DOD's weapons programs lack clear cybersecurity guidelines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#80 The Victims of Agent Orange the U.S. Has Never Acknowledged
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#82 The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What's Fortran?!?!

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What's Fortran?!?!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 25 Mar 2021 14:21:16 -1000
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#95 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#97 What's Fortran?!?!

obvious part of what the communication group did to VM TCP/IP product release was the pathlength, put the other was that it made the channel attached box a "bridge" rather than router ... that met the host code had to know the outboard LAN configuration and do the IP->MAC layer headers before sending it over the channel interface to the controller bridge.

for 1044 (besides redoing a lot of really poor pathlengths), I got a (vendor) channel attached router box ... so didn't have to do any of the IP->MAC layer gorp in the host. In total, it met around 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed ... from vm/3090 getting aggregate 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090 processor (can you say "kneecapped"), to vm/4341 getting sustained channel media throughput using only a modest amount of 4341 processor.

1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What's Fortran?!?!

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What's Fortran?!?!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 26 Mar 2021 08:32:00 -1000
Bob Eager <news0073@eager.cx> writes:
I use whatever's right. Mainly C, some BCPL, some REXX, some assembler.

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#95 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#97 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/201d.html#1 What's Fortran?!?!

early in REX (well before changed name to REXX and released to customers), I wanted to show REX wasn't just another pretty scripting language ... I decided (as demo) to reimplement "IPCS" (a very large assembler application for failure and problem determination) doing it in half-time over 3 months with ten times the function and ten times the performance (some slight of hand to get interpreted REX ten times faster than assembler), I finished early so started automated library that looked for typical/common failure signatures.

I thot that it would be released to customerrs ... especially since it was eventually being used by nearly every internal datacenter and customer PSR ... but for whatever reason it wasn't (possibly because it could also do psuedo disassembly and this was in the period of the OCO-wars ... customers complaining IBM transitioning to no longer providing source).

I eventually got approval to give presentations at various user group meetings (monthly BAYBUNCH at SLAC and quarterly SHARE) and within a few months similar implementations were started to appear at customer shops.

Later, I did get request from the 3090 service processor group to ship it with the 3092 ... aka IBM and a bootstrap maint/service process that involved scoping for diagnosing failing hardware. With transition to TCMs (1st with 308x), hardware was buried inside modules ... so they introduced a service processor, that could be scoped, and then had lots of probes into TCMs to diagnose TCMs. This was UC processor that had all the software written from scratch. For 3090 they started out with 4331 running a highly modified version of VM370 Release 6 and all the screen panels written in CMS IOS3270. Before FCS, it was upgraded to a pair of (redundant) 4361s. old email (3090/3092 "plea for help")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

3090 processor complex
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html
above mentions that 3092 requires two 3370 FBA disks (one for each 4361) ... trivia: even for MVS installations, MVS has never supported FBA ... only CKD DASD ... even now when there haven't been (real) CKD disks made for decades ... they are still required, simulated on industry standard fixed block disks.

posts mentioning DUMPRX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx
posts mentioning FBA, CKD, multi-track search, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Ike Led

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How Ike Led
Date: 26 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#94 How Ike Led
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#96 How Ike Led

USAF had fabricated the "Bomber Gap" ... to justify enormous budget increase (25% increase in DOD budget for USAF) ... but the thing to remember about U2 flts were that they debunked the USAF fabrication

Ike's Bluff: President Eisenhower's Secret Battle to Save the World
https://www.amazon.com/Ikes-Bluff-President-Eisenhowers-Secret-ebook/dp/B0076DCPI4/
pg215/loc2894-97:
The U-2 had flown over Soviet air bases without finding more than a handful of Bisons, the Russians' new long-range jet bombers and the source of great anxiety in the American intelligence community. The air force had estimated that the Soviets already owned at least a hundred Bisons. The president's skepticism had been confirmed by just five days of aerial reconnaissance. The Bomber Gap was a myth.

... snip ...

so was likely also motivation for Ike's warning about the military-industrial complex in his goodby speech

pg3/loc22-26:
He paused, blinked, looked up at the lines on the screen, looked back down at the speech, lost his place, and tripped over a word. 1 At first, what he said was unremarkable, but then Eisenhower began to talk about what he called "the military-industrial complex." "This conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms industry is new in the American experience," he said. "… We must not fail to comprehend its grave implications…. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist."

pg281/3797-99:
Eisenhower had yet to utter the expression "military-industrial complex," but he had been fighting the incestuous relation between the military, congress, and industry for years.

pg308/4198-4202:
IN THE SUMMER and fall of 1958, Eisenhower needed good intelligence on the Soviet Union to ward off his political foes. He was resisting the avatars of what he would later describe as the military-industrial complex; the story of the "missile gap" almost perfectly illustrated what Ike was up against. It started with a New York Herald Tribune column on Friday, August 1, 1958, by Joseph Alsop, a source of particular vexation to Eisenhower.

pg400/5434-37:
It's not clear who first coined the term "military-industrial complex," but Ike's aides were long accustomed to hearing him vent on the subject. 20 Staff Secretary Andy Goodpaster routinely recorded Ike's gripes about the coziness between defense contractors and congressmen. (Goodpaster later said that Eisenhower would have referred to the "military-industrial-congressional complex," but left out Congress "out of respect for the other branch of government.")

pg400/5444-46:
Around the first week of November, Moos showed the draft to Eisenhower, who said, "I think you've got something here." The speech went through twenty-nine drafts, heavily edited by Ike and his brother Milton, all built around the theme of the "military-industrial complex."

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

specific posts mentioning "bomber gap"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#80 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#18 Air Superiority: Advantage over enemy skies for 60 years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#54 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#52 US Army hopes to replace 25% of soldiers with robots by 2040
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#22 $40 billion missile defense system proves unreliable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#13 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#79 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#80 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#99 Trust in Government Is Collapsing Around the World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#122 U.S. Defense Contractors Tell Investors Russian Threat Is Great for Business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#47 British socialism / anti-trust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#33 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#66 off topic 1952 B-52 ad
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#70 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#78 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#18 The Making of the Military-Industrial Complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#52 The Drone Iran Shot Down Was a $220M Surveillance Monster
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning
Date: 26 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning. Senate Armed Services Committee Republicans who call Biden's Pentagon-policy pick too political are fooling nobody.
https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2021/03/gops-fake-controversy-over-colin-kahl-just-beginning/172907/
The committee's true partisan nature is revealed, most recently, by the maneuverings surrounding the confirmation of Colin Kahl, President Joe Biden's nominee for the Pentagon's powerful top policy job. Every Republican on the committee opposed his nomination on Wednesday, yet he likely will get the job anyway, now that Sen. Joe Manchin, D-W.V., has decided to get on board.

... snip ...

On CNN, Fareed called out political strife and conflict got much worse with speaker Gingrich. In Jan1999, after we were asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). One of the things we were told was that there has always been conflict between the two parties, but they could put their differences aside and come together to do things for the country. Gingrich weaponized the political process, everything came to be about party advantage (the other party had to loose even if it damaged the country), and the level of party conflict and strife got significantly worse.

The Man Who Broke Politics; Newt Gingrich turned partisan battles into bloodsport, wrecked Congress, and paved the way for Trump's rise. Now he's reveling in his achievements.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/11/newt-gingrich-says-youre-welcome/570832/
How Newt Gingrich Crippled Congress. No single person bears more responsibility for how much Americans hate Congress than Newt Gingrich. Here's what he did to it.
https://www.thenation.com/article/how-newt-gingrich-crippled-congress/
'Combative, Tribal, Angry': Newt Gingrich Set The Stage For Trump, Journalist Says
https://www.npr.org/2018/11/01/662906525/combative-tribal-angry-newt-gingrich-set-the-stage-for-trump-journalist-says

past posts mentioning Gingrich:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#83 The Mind of War: John Boyd and American Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#15 Al Gore and the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#136 Gingrich urged yes vote on controversial Medicare bill
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#137 The High Cost of Failing Artificial Hips
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#53 PC industry is heading for more change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#58 Word Length
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#5 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#33 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#40 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#50 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#33 General Mills computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#36 Search Google, 1960:s-style
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#43 Search Google, 1960:s-style
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#56 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#80 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#0 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#69 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#28 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#40 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#45 What is ALEC? 'The most effective organization' for conservatives, says Newt Gingrich
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#89 How Private Equity Is Turning Public Prisons Into Big Profits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#21 Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#64 Capitalism as we know it is dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#3 Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#29 How the Republican Party Went Feral. Democracy is now threatened by malevolent tribalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#51 In Biden's recovery plan, an overdue rebuke of trickle-down economics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#93 How 'Owning the Libs' Became the GOP's Core Belief

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What's Fortran?!?!

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What's Fortran?!?!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 26 Mar 2021 14:11:55 -1000
Rich Alderson <news@alderson.users.panix.com> writes:
Was one of those two Andy <mumble, Wheatcroft IIRC>? I met Andy at the 1981 SHARE in Chicago, at the Pascal user group BOF, when VS Pascal was still a Type 3 program. We got a copy for the UChicago Comp Center, shortly before I left for California.

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#95 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#97 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#1 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#2 What's Fortran?!?!

... nope, two people (names not quite on the tip of my tongue at the moment) responsible (working with metaware TWS) remained in Los Gatos VLSI lab (while at IBM) ... some people in Santa Teresa, picked Pascal up ... initially for release as "IUP" in 1980.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What's Fortran?!?!

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What's Fortran?!?!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 26 Mar 2021 14:22:18 -1000
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#95 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#97 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#1 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#2 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#5 What's Fortran?!?!

... came to me ... Larry W. and Dave P. at Los Gatos ... Larry W. left IBM to head up a clone 3274 controller startup ... with lots of software features to compensate for horrible MVS human factors ... became obsolete when IBM/PCs started being used for 3270 terminal emulation (then went to vp software at MIPS and then general manager of SUN business unit that included JAVA). Dave P. left IBM for Metaware.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning
Date: 26 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#4 The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning

Since 1994, the GOP is getting a lot more bang (House seats) for its buck (votes)
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2021/03/26/since-1994-gop-is-getting-lot-more-bang-house-seats-its-buck-votes/
1994 is a pretty clear demarcation. That year was a Republican wave that brought the party back to power in the House for the first time in four decades. Since that election, only once, in 2008, has the GOP had a lower percentage of the vote than seats. In every other election, it's secured a greater percentage of seats than it has a percentage of votes.

... snip ...

Why AI alone can't solve the scourge of gerrymandering. Political scientists from Harvard and Boston University are using sophisticated mapping algorithms to ensure their deceptively simple bipartisan way to draw district maps is as fair as possible.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90467795/why-ai-alone-cant-solve-the-scourge-of-gerrymandering

... note senior republican operative behind much of the state gerrymandering, voter roll "cleaning", and polling stations shutdowns in minority districts ... kept telling everybody not to keep any records of what they were doing because much of it was illegal. He then suddently dies and eventually all his effects go to his daughter, who he had been estranged from for several years. She finds that he hadn't followed his own advice and had kept detailed records ... which she turns over to the FBI

Census Bureau Emails Prove DOJ Repeatedly Lied About Origins of Citizenship Question
https://lawandcrime.com/high-profile/census-bureau-emails-prove-doj-repeatedly-lied-about-origins-of-citizenship-question/
GOP Racial Gerrymandering Mastermind Participated in Redistricting in More States Than Previously Known, Files Reveal
https://theintercept.com/2019/09/23/gerrymandering-gop-west-virginia-florida-alabama/
The Secret Files of the Master of Modern Republican Gerrymandering
https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/the-secret-files-of-the-master-of-modern-republican-gerrymandering
How to Get Away With Gerrymandering. A leaked audio recording reveals how state lawmakers are taught to trash evidence, avoid the word gerrymander, and create an appearance of bipartisanship.
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2019/10/alec-meeting-gerrymandering-audio-recording.html
"Worth This Investment": Memos Reveal the Scope and Racial Animus of GOP Gerrymandering Ambitions
https://theintercept.com/2019/09/27/gerrymandering-gop-hofeller-memos/
North Carolina Did What SCOTUS Wouldn't - Ended GOP Gerrymandering
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/09/north-carolina-did-what-scotus-wouldnt-ended-gop-gerrymandering.html
Georgia purge removes nearly 309,000 voter registrations
https://news.yahoo.com/georgia-purge-removes-nearly-309-213210934.html
Texas closes hundreds of polling sites, making it harder for minorities to vote. Guardian analysis finds that places where black and Latino population is growing by the largest numbers experienced the majority of closures and could benefit Republicans
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/mar/02/texas-polling-sites-closures-voting

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Discourse on Winning and Losing

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: A Discourse on Winning and Losing
Date: 26 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
a couple years old, Air University Press releases "A Discourse on Winning and Losing" (from May2018, free download)
https://www.airuniversity.af.edu/AUPress/Display/Article/1528758/a-discourse-on-winning-and-losing/
A Discourse on Winning and Losing is the first book published on John R. Boyd's famous same-titled briefing. A maverick fighter pilot devoted to the Air Force and its mission, Boyd challenged orthodoxy including fighter tactics and the theory of how wars were to be fought. Inspiring radically different opinions, he had the courage to state his views--and defend them regardless of consequence. His ideas have influenced the military as well as business, politics, and education. Former US House Speaker Newt Gingrich stated that Boyd "changed American military doctrine and made Desert Storm possible" while former defense secretary James Schlesinger remarked that "the military services should welcome more people like Colonel John Boyd." [Col John R. Boyd, USAF, Retired; Edited and Compiled by Dr. Grant T. Hammond / 2018 / 400 pages / ISBN: 978585662791 / AU Press Code: B-151]

... snip ...

boyd posts and URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360/85

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 360/85
Date: 26 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
email in "Tandem Memos" about 85/165/168/3033/trout
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#email810423
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#email810423

trivia: in wake of Future System implosion, there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipeline ... and 3033 & 3081 efforts were kicked off in parallel. 3081 was completely different sequence from 85/165/168/3033/trout ... 3033 started out 168 logic remapped to 20% chips and trout became 3090. Some FS/3033/3081 info
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

also end of ACS/360 has references to features that show up in ES/9000 more than two decades later (ACS/360 was shutdown, IBM executives were afraid that it would advance the state of the art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market).
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

other trivia: I had gotten involved in work on doing 16-way (processor) 370 ... and we con'ed 3033 processor engineers working on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than remapping 168 logic to 20% faster chips). everybody thought it was great until somebody told head of POK that it could be decades before MVS had (effective) 16 processor support ... and some of us were invited to never visit POK again (I could still sneak into POK and go bike riding with processor engineers) and the 3033 processor engineers were told to keep their heads down and stop being distracted. Note when 3033 was out the door, they started on trout.

165/168 trivia: part of 165->168 was 4-5 times faster real storage ... also 165->168->3033, 165 microcode was optimized going from avg. 2.1 machine cycles per 370 instructions to 168 avg. of 1.6 machine cycles per 370 instructions to 3033 avg. of nearly one machine cycle per 370 instruction

some recent posts mentioning Tandem Memos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#48 S/360 announce 4/7/1964, 54yrs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#95 Tandem Memos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#70 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#118 IBM today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#62 LRU ... "global" vs "local"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#63 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#99 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#13 Tandem Memo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#72 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#28 50 years online at home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#2 How an obscure British PC maker invented ARM and changed the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#31 Tandem Memo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#45 Boyd, OODA-loop and Agile Business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#83 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#76 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#88 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#17 IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#39 WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#41 Teaching IBM Class

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Ike Led

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How Ike Led
Date: 26 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#94 How Ike Led
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#96 How Ike Led
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#3 How Ike Led

How Ike Led, loc2465-67:
General Goodpaster recounted that he once said to President Eisenhower: "It must take guts to delegate." Eisenhower's reply was to quote the nineteenth-century German general Helmuth von Moltke, who said: "Centralization is the refuge of fear."

"Ike's Bluff, pg45/loc548-53:
The heads of federal agencies came to the White House every week, and the president gave every appearance of actually listening to them. He was not pretending; still, as a wartime commander he knew that the best plan of attack rarely lasts longer than the first contact with the enemy. He liked to quote the elder Helmuth von Moltke, the champion of the German general staff: "The plans are nothing but the planning is everything." Ike routinely told associates, "Rely on planning, but never trust plans." 44 He would closely listen to the staffers and read their plans, and then, when it suited him, he would toss them out.

... snip ...

Boyd posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Snow and Steel: The Battle of the Bulge, 1944-45:
https://www.amazon.com/Snow-Steel-Battle-Bulge-1944-45-ebook/dp/B00O0URM3O/
pg58/loc1849-53:
The freedom of subordinate commanders to exercise their initiative, Aufstragstaktik (the doctrine of delegated tactical authority, loosely translated as 'mission command'), which had been a hallmark of German successes during 1914-18 and 1939-42, was removed in favour of direct orders from Hitler. Quite junior officers were dismissed, reduced in rank or -- in extremis -- executed, if they were perceived to have disobeyed a Fuhrerbefehl, whether or not such was the case.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning Ike's Bluff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#38 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#80 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#5 Lessons Learned from the Iraq War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#12 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#56 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#5 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#18 Air Superiority: Advantage over enemy skies for 60 years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#30 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#25 What Makes sorting so cool?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#71 Range

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 27 Mar 2021 09:23:53 -1000
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
From the North Vietnamese viewpoint the freedom fighters in the North freed the South from the yoke of colonialism.

"A Different Kind of War" Admiral Milton Miles, First half of the book is about being sent into China to form the coastal watchers and helped train 50,000 guerrillas to fight the Japanese. The last half of the book is how OSS & factions of the Army tried to come in and take over responsibility but were rebuffed by the Navy&Marines, State Dept, and the Nationalists ... so to have something to take credit for, they support Mao (aka how they gave China to the Communist).

Congressional hearings Dec1947, Wedemeyer appears to realize what has been done wrong, but it is already too late (behind paywall, but lives free at wayback machine).
https://web.archive.org/web/20090813223215/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,804381,00.html

Also (from "Different Kind of War") towards the end when Japan was loosing, the chinese army that had been in occupied territory, wanted to come over to the nationlists, it was veto'ed by the US Army so they went over to the communists. From the law of unintended consequnces, it was those Chinese Army units that were sent to North Korea to fight the US.

McMaster's
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H._R._McMaster
PHD thesis
https://www.amazon.com/Dereliction-Duty-Johnson-McNamara-Chiefs-ebook/dp/B004HW7834/

... based (in part) on (then recently) released classified information says that Johnson's staff told him the Vietnam war was not winnable, but in court of world opinion, it would be better to go ahead fight and loose.

... other trivia, McNamara had been LeMay's staff in WW2 planning the fire bombing of German and then Japanese cities (1/3rd of all US WW2 spending went to strategic bombing program ... but it was almost impossible to hit target from 5-6miles up ... however fire bombing cities couldn't miss ... and showed some results). McNamara then left for the auto industry, but then came back as SECDEF for Vietnam where Laos becomes most bombed country in the world, more bombs dropped than on Germany and Japan combined.

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/

... there would have been no Korean war, no domino theory, no vietnam?

.. trivia: my wife's father was command of US army engineering combat group in WW2 and towards the end was frequently ranking officer into Germany (getting collection of officer daggers in surrenders). After the end of hostilities, refused further command in Germany (even when promised promotion to general, speculation was based on what they found in the camps). He was then sent to China as military advisor to Chiang Kai-shek and in 1947 brought the family over to live in Nanking. The family was evacuated on 3hrs notice in army cargo plane to Tsingtao when the city was ringed.

Apparently part of Eisenhower's directive to document the camps with lots of pictures (so the world would never forget), he had a very large photo album of camp pictures.

... other trivia: John Foster Dulles played a major role in rebuilding German economy, industry, and military from the 20s up thru the early 40s ... and from the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet (... and then had extreme difficulty hitting the targets).

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.

... snip ...

Later somewhat replay of the 1940 celebration, there was conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
racism, fascists, nazis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism

"Different Kind Of War" posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#47 WWII
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#55 WWII
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#81 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#56 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#57 About Unconventional warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#61 Bill Slim and WWII's Forgotten Army - One Of The Most Successful Commanders Of The War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#64 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#86 What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#72 This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#94 OT, "new" Heinlein book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise of the Internet

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Rise of the Internet
Date: 27 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Rise of the Internet
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/ibm100/us/en/icons/internetrise/

Co-worker at science center and later san jose research was responsible for the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) and technology also used for the corporate sponsored university BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time). SJR had the original CSNET gateway in the fall of 1982 (before the cutover to internetworking protocol on 1jan1983). SJMerc article about Edson (he recently passed aug2020) and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
also Edson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
"It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

cambridge science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

I had HSDT project starting in the early 80s, T1(1.5mbits/sec) and faster computer links, both terrestrial and satellite. Was also working with the director of NSF and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies copying the CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary release:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

Then NSF release request for upgrade from "T1" to "T3" ... the "T1" RFP was based on real T1 links ... actually had 440kbit links and then to fabricate that they had T1 links, they put in T1 trunks and telco multiplexor that ran multiple 440kbit links over T1 trunk. I would periodically ridicule their fabricated T1 links ... possibly figuring that to shut my ridcule down I was asked to be the "red team" for the T3 proposal ... and a couple dozen people from half dozen labs around the world was the blue team. At the final review, I presented first. Then five minutes into the blue team presentation, the executive in charge pounded on the table and said he would lay down in front of garbage truck before he let anything but the blue team proposal go forward. I get up and walk out.

nsfnet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise of the Internet

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Rise of the Internet
Date: 27 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#12 The Rise of the Internet

Communication tried hard to prevent mainframe TCP/IP from being released and lost. They then changed tactics and since they had strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls, TCP/IP product had to ship through them. What got released made aggregate 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the enhancements for 1044 support and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between IBM 4341 and Cray, got sustained 4341 channel media throughput using only modest amount of IBM 4341 processor (aka something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per 370 instruction executed).

1044 posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

I had PC/RT in some other vendor's booth at Interop '88 in Santa Clara (floor show main concourse, corner booth at right angles to SUN booth). Some gov. people had mandated that Internet be eliminated and gov. move to GOSIP (aka OSI/ISO) ... and there was various OSI products in booths at Interop. Some gov. executives didn't understand Internet any better than most IBM executives.

interop '88 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88

Later Communication group hired a silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP support directly in VTAM. What he initially demo'ed had throughput significantly better than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "knows" that a "proper" TCP/IP implementation is much slower than LU6.2 ... and they would only be paying for a "proper" implementation.

trivia: communication group fought hard to try and prevent me being on XTP technical advisory board (started by Chesson, CTO at SGI). At the time there was some studies that VTAM LU6.2 had a 150k instruction pathlength and 16 buffer copies ... at a time when equivalent workstation TCP/IP pathlength was 5k instructions (30 times less than VTAM) and 5 buffer copies. XTP optimized that further and defined a LAN card chip that would allow TCP/IP pipelined directly from application/user memory (with no buffer copies) ... low-end workstaton able to keep FDDI 100mbit busy (fastest at the time, but on its way to 1gbit, full duplex FCS).

xtp/hsp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

other trivia: In 1988, I had been asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they had been playing with ... which quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980).

FICON & FCS posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise of the Internet

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Rise of the Internet
Date: 27 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#12 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#13 The Rise of the Internet

There was joke in Internet standards meeting that ISO standards didn't even have a requirement that standards be implementable (much of OSI) ... while internet required two interoperable implementations before progress in the standards process.

internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

Lot of SNA was marketing hype and IBM FUD. In early 80s, I had HSDT project, T1 (1.5mbits/sec) and faster computer links, both terrestrial and satellite.

Communication group products topped out at 56kbits. Around 1985, communication group did a corporate executive committee presentation why customers wouldn't want T1 until well into the 90s. They showed customer 37x5 "fat pipe" deployments for parallel 56kbiit links treated as single logical link ... number of 2, 3, 4, etc ... dropping to zero around six parallel 56kbit links. What they didn't know (or want to divulge) was most telco tarrifs for T1 was about the same as five 56kbit links .... customers wanting 300kbit/sec or more ... went to full T1 and non-IBM boxes. In trivial customer survey, easily found 200 customers with full T1.

1987 apparently communication group was forced into coming out with some sort of T1 support ... the 3737 with a boatload of memory and Moto 68K processors simulating CTCA and local VTAM. The problem was that VTAM pacing algorithm would stop sending when upper limit on number of bytes (waiting for ACKs) was hit. At T1 this upper limit was quickly hit ... so the local 3737 faked it by responding with immediate ACKs to the local host VTAM (and doing the actual transmission in the background) ... trying to convince the local host VTAM to keep sending traffic ... it helped, but still wasn't able to actually keep a low-latency terrestrial T1 full.

the other joke was both OSI and SNA were based on 1960s communication, buffering, error detection/correction, etc technology. In 1985 HSDT was having custom hardware built on the other side of the pacific and taking advantage of the latest technology. I would joke that I got significantly better technology in a $300 CDROM player than I could get in a (US) $10K computer modem.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

"fat pipe" and/or 3737 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#4 Sv: First video terminal?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#67 Total Computing Power
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#28 SR 15,15
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#59 SR 15,15
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#37 network history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#7 Xah Lee's Unixism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#59 Q ALLOC PAGE vs. CP Q ALLOC vs ESAMAP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#4 Google Architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#21 SNA/VTAM for NSFNET
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#45 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#19 Nerdy networking kid crashes the party
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#24 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#44 SNA: conflicting opinions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#80 Entry point for a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#83 Entry point for a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#69 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#16 Other early NSFNET backbone
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#40 Other early NSFNET backbone
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#77 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#2 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#54 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck? (Part One)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#98 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#103 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#19 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#92 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#23 VM Workshop 2012
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#41 VM Workshop 2012
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#57 VM Workshop 2012
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#80 A joke seen in an online discussion about moving a box of tape backups
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#4 A joke seen in an online discussion about moving a box of tape backups
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#87 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#89 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#29 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#24 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#47 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printerhistory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#45 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#66 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#16 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#46 Resistance to Java
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#13 The IBM Strategy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#41 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#66 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#108 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#40 Remember 3277?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#47 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#31 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#42 20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#82 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#29 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#46 1970--a family gets a home computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#57 TV Show "Hill Street Blues"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#69 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#88 IBM Story
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#12 Mainframe Networking problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#35 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#9 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#27 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#109 IBM Token-Ring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#110 IBM Token-RIng
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#16 Tandem Memo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#79 IBM downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#35 Transition to cloud computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#96 PROFS and Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#109 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#117 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#97 What's Fortran?!?!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise of the Internet

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Rise of the Internet
Date: 27 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#12 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#13 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#14 The Rise of the Internet

late 80s, a senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opened the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter wall and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. The disk division was seeing drop in disk sales with customer moving to platforms more distributed computing friendly. The disk division came up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group with their strategic stranglehold on datacenters.

posts about communication group and demise of disk division
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

The communication group datacenter stranglehold not only affected disk sales but much of the rest of computing business ... and a couple years later, IBM goes into the red (and was being reorged into the 13 baby blues in preparation for breaking up the company).
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

also seen in token-ring (and other) cards. AWD did their own 4mbit token-ring card for (at-bus) PC/RT. Then for the microchannel RS/6000 follow-on, AWD was told they couldn't do their own cards, but was forced to use the PS2 microchannel cards. AWD found that their PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card had higher card throughput than the PS2 microchannel 16mbit token-ring card ... communication group was severely kneecaping all the cards (apparently all part of fighting off client/server and distributed computing). There was joke forced to use the (kneecapped) microchannel cards, that RS/6000 wouldn't have any better throughput than PS2 for many things (token-ring, disk, display, etc).

801/risc, romp, pc/rt, rios, power, rs/6000, power/pc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Mid-80s, new Almaden bldg was heavily provisioned with CAT4 (supposedly for 16mbit token-ring) ... but found that 10mbit Ethernet CAT4, that 10mbit ethernet network had higher aggregate throughput and lower latency than 16mbit token-ring ... and 10mbit ethernet cards had significantly higher per-card throughput than PS2 microchannel 16mbit token-ring cards.

IBM downfall/downturn posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise of the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Rise of the Internet
Date: 28 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#12 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#13 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#14 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#15 The Rise of the Internet

Note that at the time, communication group and other IBM forces was distributing a whole bunch of misinformation inside IBM. Somebody managed to collect much of their email, packaged it up and forwarded to me. In the past I've posted it to the net, severely clipped and redacted to protect the guilty.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

about the same time the internal forces were distributing NSF misinformation inside IBM ... they were also distributing misinformation about the justification for converting the internal network to SNA ... a couple old posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

NSF posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Note later when we were doing HA/CMP cluster scale-up (both technical/scientific with national labs and commercial with RDBMS veendors) some of the same IBM forces were involved in the transfer of cluster scale-up, announced as IBM supercomputer, and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later.

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

We are later brought in as consultants to a small client/server startup, two of the former Oracle people ... also at this Jan1992 IBM/Oracle cluster scale-up meeting in Oracle CEO Ellison's conference room (a couple weeks before cluster scale-up was transferred).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

... have left Oracle are at the startup responsible for something they call "commerce server" and want to do financial transactions on the server, the startup had also invented this technology they call "SSL" they want to use, it is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I have absolute authority on everything between servers and the financial payment networks ... but can only make recommendations on the browser/server side (some of which are almost immediately violated, resulting in exploits).

trivia: some of the startup founders we had encountered previously at NCSA when we were working with the NSF director
http://www.ncsa.illinois.edu/enabling/mosaic

other trivia, the first webserver in the US was at SLAC (SLAC also hosted the monthly Baybunch user group meetings)
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

I guess somewhat for having done a lot of the "electronic commerce" work, the Internet Standards editor, Postel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Postel
lets me help with the periodically released STD1 ... and also sponsors my talk at ISI/USC on "Why Internet Isn't Business Critical Dataprocessing" (based on the compensating software and procedures I had to do for electronic commerce.)

internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise of the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Rise of the Internet
Date: 28 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#12 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#13 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#14 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#15 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#16 The Rise of the Internet

Internal network triva: At the time of arpanet/internet move to internetworking protocol on 1Jan1983, it had approx. 100 IMP netowrk nodes (and 255 connected hosts) at the same time when the internal network was rapidly approaching 1,000 nodes (which it passes in 1983). Old post with list of IBM internal world-wide locations that added one or more network nodes turing 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

internal network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

The technology was also used for the corporate sponsored univ. BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET">https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
and the EU BITNET, EARN in Europe
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_Research_Network

bitnet (& EARN) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

one of the issues with the internal network was corporate requirement that all network links be encrypted ... it created some issues with government agencies ... especially when the links crosseed national boundaries. Also for HSDT, I hated what I had to pay for T1 link encryptors and faster encryptors were difficult to find. At the time 3081K processor did software encryption at about 150kbytes/sec (1.5mbits/sec or T1) ... a full-duplex T1 link (concurrent 1.5mbits/sec in both directions would require both 3081K processors to handle T1 software encryption/decryption). I get involved in link encryption project that could do at least 3mbytes/sec (not mbits) and cost less than $100 to build. The corporate crypto group initially says that it is significantly weaker crypto than the standard. It takes me three months to figure out how to explain to them that it is significantly stronger. It is hollow victory, I'm then told that there is only one organization in the world allowed to use such crypto ... I can make as many as I want, but they all had to be sent to them. It is when I realize that there is three kinds of crypto in the world: 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind you can only do for them.

somewhat because in the late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (some commonly referred to as "Tandem Memos") ... somebody from IBM France (that I knew when he had spent a year sabbatical at IBM Cambridge Science Center) sends me email looking for online applications ... from long ago and far away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

3 kinds of crypto posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#30 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#23 Strobe equivalents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#67 Somewhat off-topic: comp-arch.net cloned, possibly hacked
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#79 CSSMTP and AUTH LOGIN smtp command
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#1 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#44 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#48 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#31 The Vindication of Barb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#77 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#56 "NSA foils much internet encryption"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#57 Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#69 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#91 Ransomware on Mainframe application ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#8 IBM Travel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#70 IBM/BMI/MIB

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise of the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Rise of the Internet
Date: 28 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#12 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#13 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#14 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#15 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#16 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet

One of the issues where the communication group kneecapped the original mainframe TCP/IP (besides the horrible pathlength) was they only allowed a channel attached IBM "bridge" box ... which met the host code had to figure out the LAN configuration and do all the IP->MAC layer headers before sending it to the box.

When I did the (internet standard) RFC1044 support ... it specified a channel attached internet "router" box ... which met I could bypass all that (IP->MAC) code from the host pathlength (but at the time IBM had no channel attached "router" box, had to get it from other vendors).

In the 80s, my wife had been co-author for IBM response to a gov. agency that asked for distributed computing super-secure campus network ... where she included RFC1044 and 3-tier network. We were then out doing customer executive presentations with RFC1044, ethernet, and 3-tier networking and taking all sorts of arrows and barbs in the back from communication group and token-ring forces.

rfc 1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
3-tier networking posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM's innovation: Topping the US patent list for 28 years running

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM's innovation: Topping the US patent list for 28 years running
Date: 29 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
IBM's innovation: Topping the US patent list for 28 years running
https://www.ibm.com/blogs/research/2021/01/ibm-patent-leadership-2020/

The claim is that patents were originally included in the constitution to promote innovation and protect the single inventor from the predatory practices of large institutions looking to preserve the status quo. Since then large institutions have perverted patents, totally inverting their original purpose. After leaving IBM spent some time with operation that was doing word and semantic analysis of patents that claimed they found at least 1/3rd of "computer" and "dataprocessing" patents are "submarine" that have been filed in other areas and vocabulary obscured ... so they wouldn't be found by inventors in normal patent search. They are just sitting there waiting to see if somebody starts making money off an idea and then can be sued claiming patent infringement (some are even "troll" patent companies that is the only thing they do).

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

constitution, patents, and innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#88 Microsoft, IBM lobbying seen killing key anti-patent troll proposal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#83 Bureaucracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#68 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#70 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

Later we were asked to work with a boutique patent law firm in Atlanta ... after two weeks we had claims packaged as 50 normal sized patents and the law firm claimed it would be well over 100 before we finished (we, my wife and I would get $6k each, for each patent). Then some executives look at how much it was going to cost for filing over 100 patents (both US and international, as well as our $12k/patent) and told the law firm to repackage all claims as nine patents (and we each get $56k). Six months or so later, the patent office comes back and says that they are getting tired of humongous patents where the filing fee doesn't even cover cost of reading the claims ... and that all the claims have to be repackaged in at least 24-30 patents. It eventually turns out to be 30-some ... but we don't get any additional money because they claim that the additional patents are classified as "derivative" (and the $6k awards are only for "original" patents) ... still can be factor of ten variation in claims/patent

aads patent summary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

trivia: Mandelbrot left IBM (in protest) when IBM decided to end pure research in 1987 (after 35 years and 12 days).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot

posts mentioning Mandelbrot
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#67 China Caught the U.S. in Manufacturing, High-Tech Weapons Might Be Next
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#85 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#92 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#4 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#74 What voters are really choosing in November
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#71 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#3 The Decline and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#71 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#61 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#16 Ancient History (OS's) - was : IBM Destination z
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#63 The 17 equations that changed the course of history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#84 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#94 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#21 Financial Engineering
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#94 Fecalnomics

past posts mentioning AADS patents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#1 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#35 Failure of PKI in messaging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#49 Governance of anonymous financial services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#61 Linus: Security is "people wanking around with their opinions"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#73 "Designing and implementing malicious hardware"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#36 Security via hardware?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#59 ANN: Microsoft goes Open Source
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#5 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#53 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#8 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#5 Public Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#94 Lynn - You keep using the term "we" - who is "we"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#33 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#45 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#10 Strings story
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#11 Can Smart Cards Reduce Payments Fraud and Identity Theft?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#21 Would you say high tech authentication gizmo's are a waste of time/money/effort?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#23 Your views on the increase in phishing crimes such as the recent problem French president Sarkozy faces
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#79 PIN entry on digital signatures + extra token
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#30 SIM-based mobile signature solution to launch new applications
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#26 Return of the Smart Card?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#21 ATMs At Risk
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#75 The Future Shape of Payments Is Anything But Flat
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#44 Chip and PIN for ID cards: Not such a sharp idea?; Hackers PINing after your details
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#62 Solving password problems one at a time, Re: The password-reset paradox
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#8 Supercomputers and electronic commerce
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#43 May 26, 1981: Programmer-Attorney Wins First U.S. Software Patent
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#54 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#31 password safes for mac
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#51 Replace the current antiquated credit card system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#61 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#4 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#57 MasPar compiler and simulator
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#40 Crypto dongles to secure online transactions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#41 Crypto dongles to secure online transactions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#7 "Unhackable" Infineon Chip Physically Cracked - PCWorld
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#3 "Unhackable" Infineon Chip Physically Cracked - PCWorld
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#41 Should the USA Implement EMV?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#5 Does an 'operator error' counts as a 'glitch?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#58 A mighty fortress is our PKI
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#63 32nd AADS Patent, 24Aug2010
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#77 towards https everywhere and strict transport security (was: Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#90 A History of VM Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#88 EFF proposes new method to strengthen Public Key Infrastructure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#36 RFC6507 Ellipitc Curve-Based Certificate-Less Signatures
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 Password shortcomings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#3 Quitting Top IBM Salespeople Say They Are Leaving In Droves
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#11 There's Not an App for That: When Will Our Smartphones Be Recongized as Valid Forms of ID?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#73 Operating System, what is it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#75 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#39 ICSF Symmetric Key being sent to a non-zOS system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#53 slightly O/T but interesting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#22 Check out Moto X: Motorola reveals plans for ink and even pills to replace AL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#20 Louis V. Gerstner Jr. lays out his post-IBM life
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#21 8080 BASIC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#22 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#65 Cracking IBM Mainframe Password Hashes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#101 Reflexivity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#78 Firefox 32 supports Public Key Pinning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#42 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#56 The Road Not Taken: Knowing When to Keep Your Mouth Shut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#5 NYT on Sony hacking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#68 R.I.P. Gene Amdahl, pioneer in mainframe computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#66 Catching Up on the OPM Breach
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#6 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#81 Why you need a strong authentication platform
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#63 Missile Defense
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#3 Loma Prieta earthquake
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#12 The FBI Is Wrongly Telling People To Change Passwords 'Frequently'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#104 PC Compromise and Internet Transactions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#39 History of Mainframe Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#41 History of Mainframe Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#44 More on Mannix and the computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#14 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#20 April 1st Corporate Directive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#95 Tandem Memos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#62 Cobol
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#24 Microsoft says mandatory password changing is "ancient and obsolete"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise of the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Rise of the Internet
Date: 29 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#12 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#13 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#14 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#15 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#16 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#18 The Rise of the Internet

... my wife just wanted me to throw in her 2-bits ... she said that the fort then wanted to know why 3-tier ... and after she explained ... they threw out all the responses that came back 2-tier ... (and of course the rest of IBM disavowed both 2-tier and 3-tier).

3tier posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

... of course I've had my other issues with the fort ... especially on crypto ... comment upthread in this post.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet

later doing crypto in financial industry standards bodies ... got to know some of the people from information assurance directorate ... because the fort had its own representative at the standards meetings.

this century, lead technical director (TD) reporting to head of information assurance directorate (DDI at the fort) is doing panel on assurance in computer security track at Intel Developer's Forum and gets me to be one of the panel members ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp%2bs13
guy running TPM is in the front row, and during my presentation, I chide him that it is nice to see his chip is starting to look more&more like the one I'm doing ... he comes back with the comment that I don't have a committee of 200 people helping me with the design.

... trivia: XTP has some military involvement ... both fighter&bomber jets (I get a B2 bomber coffee cup) and naval surface & subsurface warfare (shows up in SAFENET2) and they want it approved as ANSI (US ISO chartered standards body) standard ... sop to the GOSIP forces(?). We take it to ANSI X3S3.3 as "high-speed protocol" (US ANSI responsible for OSI level 3&4/network&transport layer standards). It gets rejected, X3S3.3 says that ISO charter only allows them to do standards that correspond to OSI model level 3&4. XTP supports internetworking (non-existent layer than sits between layer 3 and 4, network & transport) and it supports LAN MAC interface (non-existent interface that sits somewhere in the middle of network layer 3) ... both "violating" OSI model.

xtp/hsp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

past posts mentioning IDF assurance panel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#20 Something wrong with "re-inventing the wheel".?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#58 Price Tag for End-to-End Encryption: $4.8 Billion, Mercator Says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#5 Moving to the Net: Encrypted Execution for User Code on a Hosting Site
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#48 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#7 "Unhackable" Infineon Chip Physically Cracked - PCWorld
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#34 "Unhackable" Infineon Chip Physically Cracked
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#38 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#63 LPARs: More or Less?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#74 Is Security a Curse for the Cloud Computing Industry?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#9 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#53 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#50 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#72 Orientation - does group input (or groups of data) make better decisions than one person can?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#73 From OODA to AAADA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#11 Credit cards with a proximity wifi chip can be as safe as walking around with your credit card number on a poster
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#59 RISCversus CISC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#24 The first personal computer (PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#72 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#48 Hello?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#53 The secret's out for secure chip design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#58 2012 History Conference
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#63 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#77 Insane Insider Threat Program in Context of Morally and Mentally Bankrupt US Intelligence System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#66 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#55 "NSA foils much internet encryption"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#41 Special characters for Passwords
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#24 UEFI?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#42 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#55 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#26 Whole Earth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#83 Winslow Wheeler's War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#72 Do we really?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#43 Ransomware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#66 Catching Up on the OPM Breach
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#55 Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#8 Intel spyware chip?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#63 Missile Defense
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#11 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#39 History of Mainframe Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#41 History of Mainframe Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#10 Encryp-xit: Europe will go all in for crypto backdoors in June
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#31 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#78 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#88 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#110 Making Computers Secure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#51 EMV: Why the US migration didn't happen sooner
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#32 12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#24 Microsoft says mandatory password changing is "ancient and obsolete"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#21 IBM Recruiting

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

History Has Never Deterred the U.S. Military

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: History Has Never Deterred the U.S. Military
Date: 31 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
History Has Never Deterred the U.S. Military
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/03/the-bunker-history-has-never-deterred-the-u-s-military/
Defending is a lot tougher than attacking. Back in 1949, well before The Bunker was on the case, the Department of War rebranded itself as the Department of Defense. Actually, the dirty deed was done by Congress, with the support of President Truman. It came amid the warmth following the unconditional World War II victories over Germany and Japan, and the glow from the nuclear monopoly. It's a complicated bureaucratic tale that we don't need to dive into here, but the bottom line was clear: warriors had become defenders.

... snip ...

... currently reading "The Marshall Plan: Dawn of the Cold War"
https://www.amazon.com/Marshall-Plan-Dawn-Cold-War-ebook/dp/B074ZPB3Y1/

... which is going into lots of this, pg12/loc288-91:
Indeed, many of Truman's top advisers had by 1947 come to see western European unity and recovery as the only viable alternative to a major new American military engagement in Europe. "The greatest danger to the security of the United States," warned the new Central Intelligence Agency, "is the possibility of economic collapse in western Europe and the consequent accession to power of communist elements."

pg91/loc1698-1700:
The second effect is that promotion of economic recovery and rehabilitation in Europe, and later Japan, emerged as a central element of containment on the grounds that it would be far less costly than military readiness and engagement. These ideas had been already been brewing in 1945.

... snip ...

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

We're Kind of Overwhelmed by Biden's Infrastructure Plan

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: We're Kind of Overwhelmed by Biden's Infrastructure Plan
Date: 31 Mar 2021
Blog: Facebook
We're Kind of Overwhelmed by Biden's Infrastructure Plan. It's massive. It's ambitious. How much of it makes sense?
https://slate.com/business/2021/03/biden-infrastructure-speech-american-jobs-plan-its-huge.html
On Wednesday, the Biden administration unveiled its $2 trillion infrastructure and economic modernization bill, designed to fix the country's crumbling roads and bridges, speed the transition away from carbon, fund research and development in high-tech industries, provide home care for the elderly and disabled, and, well, the list goes on.

... snip ...

... quote attributable to Volcker from Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg290:
Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges and a s**tty financial system!'

... snip ...

... the discussion sort of started out chicken&egg ... no infrastructure projects results in not hiring civil engineers, no jobs, no students, which contributes to the disappearing civil engineering univ programs. From the law of unintended consequences, Obama stimulus "shovel ready" projects resorted to hiring Chinese civil engineering companies.

past posts/refs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#91 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#44 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#67 Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#30 24/7/365 appropriateness was Re: IBMLink outages in 2012
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#77 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#6 Good article. Friday discussion type
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#29 Jedi Knights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#3 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#33 War or Jobs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#105 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#80 HP splits, again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#75 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#76 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#48 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#4 Decimal point character and billions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#2 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#1 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#61 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#52 How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LACERS Board Member Lambastes Lousy Private Equity Returns as More Studies Confirm Poor Performance for Decades

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: LACERS Board Member Lambastes Lousy Private Equity Returns as More Studies Confirm Poor Performance for Decades
Date: 01 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
LACERS Board Member Lambastes Lousy Private Equity Returns as More Studies Confirm Poor Performance for Decades
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/04/lacers-board-member-lambastes-poor-private-equity-returns-as-more-studies-confirm-poor-performance-for-decades.html
More and more public pension trustees are willing to say that the private equity emperors are looking awfully naked. LACERS has joined the club, with board member Sung Won Sohn sharply criticizing results considerably below LACERS' benchmarks. Sohn's views carry some weight, since he's a prominent economist and former banker.

... snip ...

private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Dollar's Status as Dominant "Global Reserve Currency" Drops to 25-Year Low

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: US Dollar's Status as Dominant "Global Reserve Currency" Drops to 25-Year Low
Date: 01 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
US Dollar's Status as Dominant "Global Reserve Currency" Drops to 25-Year Low
https://wolfstreet.com/2021/03/31/us-dollars-status-as-dominant-global-reserve-currency-drops-to-25-year-low/
Not included in global foreign exchange reserves are the Fed's own holdings of dollar-denominated assets, its $4.9 trillion in Treasury securities and $2.2 trillion in mortgage-backed securities, that it amassed as part of its QE.

The US dollar's status as the dominant global reserve currency is a crucial enabler for the US government to keep ballooning its public debt, and for Corporate America's relentless efforts to create the vast trade deficits by offshoring production to cheap countries, most prominently China and Mexico. They're all counting on the willingness of other central banks to hold large amounts of dollar-denominated debt.


... snip ...

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
zirp fund posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
federal reserve posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Field Support and PSRs

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Field Support and PSRs.
Date: 02 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
long winded warning, after taking intro to computers&fortran, Univ. hired me as student programmer to re-implement 1401 MPIO on 360/30 (learn assembler, 360 machine architecture, univ was sold 360/67 for tss/360 to replace 709/1401, transition was to replace 1401 with 360/30) and design and implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, etc. ... I also memorize principle of ops, greencard, read card punch holes, "fan" TXT card deck output of assembler ... to card needing patch, dup out to patch, multi-punch the patch. Then within a year of taking the class, I'm hired fulltime responsible for OS/360 (360/67 had come in, but tss/360 never came to production fruition, so ran as 360/65 with os/360). Once univ. had some 3rd shift time at IBM regional datacenter. During the day, I wandered around bldg and found a MVT debugging class and asked if I could sit in. Within 20mins, the instructor asks me to leave (because I kept suggesting better debugging). IBM also started sending univ newly minted SEs every couple months ... apparently they wanted me to give them some training.

recent MPIO posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#81 Keypunch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class

Then before I graduate I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment). I thought Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world, a couple hundred million in IBM 360 systems, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room. There was a disaster scenario (Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud flow takes out the Renton datacenter) and plans were to replicate the Renton datacenter up at the new 747 plant in Everett. Then after I graduate, I join the IBM Cambridge Science Center (instead of staying at Boeing).

recent Boeing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#45 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#48 IBM Quota
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#67 IBM Education Classes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#5 Availability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#19 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#40 IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#62 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#2 Colours on screen (mainframe history question)

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters (including world-wide, online, sales& marketing support HONE system). Besides doing design, implementation, documentation, I'm provide all support and diagnostic levels.

In the CP67 migration to VM370 product, lots of things were greatly simplified and/or dropped. As part of enhanced systems for internal datacenters, developed automating benchmarking process for feature/algorithm comparison, varying workloads and configurations. When I first started migration to VM370, the VM370 system would always crash during benchmarking ... so one of the early VM370 changes was to rewrite the internal kernel serialization mechanism (the way it was being done in CP67) ... allowing VM370 automated benchmarking to complete a whole sequence w/o crashing.

automated benchmarking posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#benchmark

This was during the Future System (completely different and replacing 370, and 370 efforts were being shutdown, lack of 370 stuff during the period is credited with giving clone 370 makers, aka Amdahl, etc, a market foothold) and I was periodically ridiculing FS activities and continued to work on 370. When FS implodes, there is mad rush to get things back into the 370 product pipelines ... contributing to picking up various pieces that I had been shipping internally, for release. Old FS account ... including mad rush kicking off the quick&dirty 3033 & 3081 efforts in parallel
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

In the 23jun1969 unbundling announcement, IBM starting charging for various things, but managed to make the case that kernel (operating system) should still be free. With the failure of FS and rise of the clone 370 makers getting market foothold, the decision was made to start charging for kernel software and my resource manager was selected as guinea pig for separately charged operating system software. I had to do all the product release stuff and documentation and then provide all field and customer support (including PSR, that is in addition to all the support that I'm already providing for my internal datacenters). trivia: as part of final product release, do a set of 2000 benchmarks that takes three months elapsed time to run (to revalidate workloads and configurations). Quickly had 1000 customer installations (@$890/month, internal installations didn't count)

23jun1969 Unbundling posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
resource manager posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
paging algorithm posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

In the early 80s, I wanted to demonstrate REX (before renamed REXX and released to customers) wasn't just another pretty scripting language. Objective as do the (very) large assembler IPCS application (problem/dump analysis tool) in REX, taking half time over three months with ten times the function and ten times the performance (some programming tricks to get interpreted REX faster than assembler). I finish early, so start doing library that scans automagically looking for frequent/common failure signatures. I thought that it would be released to customers since it was being used by just about every internal datacenter and PSR ... but for various reasons it wasn't. I did get permission to make presentations at IBM user group meetings on how I did the implementation and within a few months, similar implementations started appearing from customers.

DUMPRX posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

Later, get contacted by the 3090 service processor (3092)
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html
about releasing it with 3092 ... old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Multinationals shifted $1 trillion offshore, stripping countries of billions in tax revenues, study says

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Multinationals shifted $1 trillion offshore, stripping countries of billions in tax revenues, study says.
Date: 04 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Multinationals shifted $1 trillion offshore, stripping countries of billions in tax revenues, study says. The new analysis is based on corporation data first released in 2020 as part of an OECD-coordinated effort to tackle tax avoidance worldwide.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/paradise-papers/multinationals-shifted-1-trillion-offshore-stripping-countries-of-billions-in-tax-revenues-study-says/

tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax havens, tax fraud posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

and related ...

The fight against offshore crime will be a long campaign. On the fifth anniversary of the Panama Papers' launch, experts say there's been progress in the fight against dirty money -- but much more is needed.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/panama-papers/the-fight-against-offshore-crime-will-be-a-long-campaign/
Five ways Biden could crack down on dirty money and financial secrecy. Riding a wave of anti-money laundering momentum, will the U.S. president from Delaware deliver on his pledges to tackle tax havens and make the wealthy pay more?
https://www.icij.org/investigations/fincen-files/five-ways-biden-could-crack-down-on-dirty-money-and-financial-secrecy/

money laundering posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

Global Billionaire Wealth Surges $4 Trillion Over Pandemic, While the Cost of Vaccinating the World is Estimated at $141.2 Billion
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/04/02/global-billionaire-wealth-surges-4-trillion-over-pandemic-while-the-cost-of-vaccinating-the-world-is-estimated-at-141-2-billion/

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Antiscience Movement Is Escalating, Going Global and Killing Thousands

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Antiscience Movement Is Escalating, Going Global and Killing Thousands
Date: 04 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Antiscience Movement Is Escalating, Going Global and Killing Thousands
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-antiscience-movement-is-escalating-going-global-and-killing-thousands/

The Dunning-Kruger Effect May Help Explain Trump's Support. A new study suggests some people grossly overestimate their political knowledge.
https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/mind-in-the-machine/201808/the-dunning-kruger-effect-may-help-explain-trumps-support

Dunning-Kruger posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#26 Berkeley researcher describes parallel path
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#2 Does OODA-loop observation carry a lot of baggage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#94 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

Dumbing Down posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#11 Amdahl Exits Mainframe Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#66 10 OF THE BEST
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#45 Offshore IT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#85 IBM Unionization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#31 EZPass: Yes, Big Brother IS Watching You!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#63 Study Finds Sharp Math, Science Skills Help Expand Economy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#34 Authentication in the e-tailer / payment gateway / customer triangle
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#48 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#75 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#98 VNET 1983 IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#17 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 370/195

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 370/195
Date: 04 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Early on at IBM, I was asked to work with the 370/195. They said that biggest difference from 360/195 to 370/195 was the few new 370 instructions (before virtual memory) and some hardware instruction retry. 195 had 64 instruction pipeline doing out-of-order execution but conditional branch drained the pipeline (predating branch prediction and speculative execution). Highly optimized code would run at 10MIPs ... but most code with conditional branches (draining the pipeline) ran around 5MIPS. They wanted to do two instruction stream hyperthreading (simulating two processor multiprocessor) ... two instruction streams avg. 5MIPs would maintain 10MIPS throughput ... two instruction stream hyperthreading technology mentioned in this article about end of ACS/360 ("sidebar: multithreading" ... patents and articles, ACS/360 canceled because executives thought it could advance the state of art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market, also mentiongs some of the ACS/360 features that show up more than 20yrs later with ES/9000)
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

370/195 hyperthreading never shipped

hyperthreading common today.

smp, multiprocessing, compare&swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

SJR had 370/195 well into late 70s running MVT ... but there could be 3month turn around. Air-bearing simulation (part of floating heads design, originally for 3370 FBA disks) with high priority would get a week or two turn around. Disk Product Test (bldg. 15 across the street) got very early 3033 engineering (#2, #3, or #4) for disk channel i/o testing.

When I first went to San Jose, I got to wander around most IBM and customer locations. Disk engineering & product test (bldg 14&15) were running pre-scheduled, stand alone testing (sometimes 7x24). They had recently tried running MVS ... but in that environment it had 15minute mean-time-between-failure requiring manual re-ipl. I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor making it bullet proof and never fail ... allowing any amount of concurrent on-demand testing (greatly improving productivity). Was up and running on bldg 15 3033 ... and I/O testing required trivial 1-2% of cpu ... so got a string of 3330s and put up an (private) online service. We then got air-bearing simulation moved from SJR 370/195 to the 3033 (approx 4.5MIPs) ... and he was able to get several turn-arounds a day (instead a couple turn-arounds a month).

getting to play disk engineering posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

370/195 trivia ... one of the last nails in the Future System coffin was simulation done by IBM Houston Scientific Center ... that showed if the Eastern Airline "System One" (ACP/TPF airline res) was moved to FS machine made out of the fastest available hardware ... it would have throughput of 370/145 (about 30 times slowdown).

Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

some recent air bearing simulation posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#71 Software as a Replacement of Hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#95 Hard Drives Started Out as Massive Machines That Were Rented by the Month
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#41 VSAM usage for ancient disk models
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#57 DASD Development
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#83 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#52 S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#70 2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#107 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380

some recent 370/195 hypertheading post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#3 Is multiprocessing better then multithreading?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#26 Multitasking, together with OS operations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#39 360/95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#37 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#46 Temporary Data Sets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#65 Intrigued by IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#80 BYTE Magazine Pentomino Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#62 instruction clock speed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#73 Backwards compatibility
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#62 IBM 370/195
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#52 Amdahl Computers

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
Date: 05 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
https://mwi.usma.edu/the-shape-of-things-to-come-why-the-pentagon-must-embrace-soft-power-to-compete-with-china/

... currently reading "The Marshall Plan: Dawn of the Cold War"

... lots about "soft power", lots of US politics, European politics, and Soviet Union politics ... including lobbying congress that the cost of "Marshall Plan" to create a unified, economically viable Europe as countermeasure to Soviets was cheaper that directly fighting the Soviets. The European countries were constantly jockeying and not setting aside their individual nationalist interests (everybody assuming US objective was to dominate the world)
https://www.amazon.com/Marshall-Plan-Dawn-Cold-War-ebook/dp/B074ZPB3Y1/
pg108/loc2027-29:
The Russians, after all, had cooperated on Bretton Woods for years, but merely as leverage to extract cheap U.S. credits. Stalin only stiff-armed the accords right at the ratification deadline, at the end of 1945, when it was clear that nothing—despite the energetic efforts of Harry Dexter White, his influential source and advocate at Treasury—was forthcoming.

pg173/loc3189-94:
A CHEF'S SALAD OF QUESTIONABLE data and projections, over which the oil and vinegar of European and American prose was poured, the two-volume 690-page Paris report submitted by Bevin to Marshall on September 22 was hardly what the State Department had hoped to receive. It made no substantive breakthroughs on Germany or economic integration. It provided no satisfactory roadmap to European self-sufficiency, either in terms of timing or cost to the United States. It envisioned a trade deficit with the dollar area at $19.3 billion over the coming four years, or roughly 20 percent more than what the department considered the largest digestible request. Yet it deemed aid at that level still insufficient to free the recipients of dependency on external support.

pg174/loc3204-9:
The report's appendix on Germany was, in the acid words of historian Alan Milward, "a splendid compilation of all possible conflicting views, sometimes in the same sentences." 98 The German economy, the committee concluded, "must be fitted into the European economy so that it may contribute to a general improvement in the standard of living." Yet it must also "not be allowed to develop to the detriment of other European countries as it has in the past." 99 Not surprisingly, no formula was put forth by which Germany might be developed to the benefit of all and the detriment of none.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning "Marshall Plan"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#9 The Pankian Metaphor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#10 The Pankian Metaphor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#83 Education ranking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#29 What Makes sorting so cool?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#9 Buying Victory: Money as a Weapon on the Battlefields of Today and Tomorrow
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#21 History Has Never Deterred the U.S. Military

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
Date: 05 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#29 The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China

Harry Dexter White trivia ... also shows up helping Stalin draw US into WW2 by provoking Japan into bombing Pearl Harbor. Stalin sends White a draft of demands that White was to include in US demands sent to Japan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
demands were included in the Hull Note which Japan received just prior to decision to attack Perl Harbor, hull note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
More Venona
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project
https://www.nsa.gov/news-features/declassified-documents/venona/

Benn Stein in "The Battle of Bretton Woods" spends pages 55-58 discussing "Operation Snow".
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/
pg56/loc1065-66:
The Soviets had, according to Karpov, used White to provoke Japan to attack the United States. The scheme even had a name: "Operation Snow," snow referring to White.

... snip ...

also: Another example of White acting as an agent of influence for the Soviet Union was his obstruction of an authorized $200 million loan to Nationalist China in 1943, which he had been officially instructed to execute. ... contributing to Nationalist loosing China.

past Harry Dexter White posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#71 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#35 Olympics opening ceremony
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan

other (china) trivia: my wife's father had been command of Army Engineering Combat group in Europe during WW2 and frequently ranking officer into Germany towards the end, getting collection of German officer daggers in surrenders. After end of hostilities, he refused further command in Germany (even when promised promotion to General) ... possibly based on what he had seen in the camps, he had a large photo album of camp pictures (Eisenhower's directive for lots of pictures so it wouldn't be forgotten). So possibly as punishment, he was sent over as military advisor to Chiang Kai-shek and he brought his family over in 1947 to live in Nanking (later, they were evacuated on 3hr notice, in Army cargo plane out of Nanking when the city was ringed, arriving in Tsingtao after dark, vehicle headlamps used to light the field).

recent past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#94 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#42 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Does HBO's QAnon Documentary Reveal Who Q Is?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Does HBO's QAnon Documentary Reveal Who Q Is?
Date: 05 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Does HBO's QAnon Documentary Reveal Who Q Is? Assessing the latest evidence in a Trump-era mystery.
https://slate.com/technology/2021/04/qanon-q-hbo-documentary-ron-watkins.html
Who is Q? HBO QAnon documentary Q: Into the Storm has an answer. One of the subjects of the documentary may have slipped and revealed his role as Q. But will that matter to believers of the hoax?
https://www.cnet.com/news/who-is-q-hbo-qanon-documentary-q-into-the-storm-has-an-answer/

some past refs:

'We All Got Played': QAnon Followers Implode After Big Moment Never Comes
https://www.forbes.com/sites/jackbrewster/2021/01/20/we-all-got-played-qanon-followers-implode-after-big-moment-never-comes/

... will they go down in history like the cult responsible for the Salem witch trials???

Former QAnon supporter to Cooper: I apologize for thinking you ate babies
https://www.cnn.com/videos/us/2021/01/30/anderson-cooper-former-qanon-supporter-special-report-sot-ac360-vpx.cnn
Checked by reality, some QAnon supporters seek a way out
https://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/checked-reality-qanon-supporters-seek-75546696
What Comes Next For QAnon Followers
https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/what-comes-next-for-qanon-followers/

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
Date: 05 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360. The IBM System/360 mainframe was the darling and the workhorse of its day. McKnight/AP 1964: IBM unveils the System/360 line of mainframe computers. It was a daring innovation that transformed business, science, government and the IT industry itself. Computing was changing fast, which befuddled a lot of businesses. They knew they needed "electronic brains" to [...]
https://www.wired.com/2008/04/dayintech-0407/

trivia: co-worker (at cambridge science center) father was economist that testified at the IBM/gov. trial. He said that executive of one of the "seven dwarfs" ... testified that at the end of the 50s, every computer company knew that the single, no1 customer requirement was a compatible line of computers (computer use was rapidly increasing and major barrier was customers having to constantly rewrite their applications every time they had to switch to more powerful computer) ... and that IBM executives were the only ones that managed to keep the different plant managers toeing the compatibility line (IBM could make a lot of mistakes, but would prevail being the only one that maintained the compatibility requirement).

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

a few past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#71 Card Columns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#60 Was FORTRAN buggy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#77 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#65 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#60 Honeywell 200

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
Date: 05 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#32 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

Amdahl leaves IBM shortly after ACS/360 was shutdown (and before Future System). ACS/360 canceled because executives thought it could advance the state of art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market, also mentions some of the ACS/360 features that show up more than 20yrs later with ES/9000)
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Amdahl starts his own computer computer making clone/compatible IBM mainframes with funding & manufacturing from Fujitsu. Early 70s he is giving talk at large MIT auditorium and several of us from the science center attend. One of the questions from the audience was how did he make the case for funding his company. His reply was that customers had couple hundred billion in IBM mainframe software ... and even if IBM was to completely walk away from 360, it was enough to keep him in business through the end of the century. The reply has been construed as knowledge about the Future System plans (which was completely different and was to completely replace 370) ... in later years, Amdahl claims he had no knowledge about FS.

Note: during the FS period ... 370 efforts were being shutdown and the lack of newer 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone makers their market foothold.

There have been references that the Future System failure was so massive that it would have taken down any other computer company, some FS refs:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Future_Systems_project

Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

past posts mentioning Amdahl's talk at MIT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#13 unix
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#15 unix
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#20 unix
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#3 A Dark Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#53 4GHz is the glass ceiling?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#35 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#45 Moving assembler programs above the line
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#26 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#82 What would be a truly relational operating system ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#60 360 programs on a z/10
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#22 Idiotic programming style edicts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#32 IBM Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#27 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#32 390 vector instruction set reuse, was 8-bit bytes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#66 PL/I advertising
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#85 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#22 IBM Future Sytem 1975, 1977
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#101 SEX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#66 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#27 Software Delivery on Tape to be Discontinued
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#52 Amdahl Computers

other recent posts mentioning end of ACS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#80 BYTE Magazine Pentomino Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#29 Software Delivery on Tape to be Discontinued
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#22 The Rise and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#42 Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#0 Service Bureau Corporation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#27 Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#46 DEC introduces PDP-6 [was Re: IBM introduces System/360]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#96 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#97 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#118 IBM today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#93 ACS360 and FS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#62 instruction clock speed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#73 Backwards compatibility
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#45 IBM 9020
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#62 IBM 370/195
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#133 IBM system/360 ad
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#39 IBM Tech
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#57 ES/9000 as POK was being scaled way back
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#9 IBM 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#28 IBM 370/195

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
Date: 06 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#32 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#33 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

During high school I worked for the local hardware store and would sometimes get loaned out to local contractors. Summer after high school graduation, I was making enough money to get married and start the univ. in the fall (with job washing dishes). Summer after freshman year got job as foreman on construction project (three nine person crews) and made enough money (wet spring and they were behind schedule, quickly went to 60hr and then 80hr weeks) to make it through sophomore year (again with washing dishes). Sophomore year took 2hr intro to computers.fortran and got a student programming job ... and then within a year, university hired me fulltime to be responsible for the IBM mainframe systems (recently upgraded from 709/1401 to 360/67, originally for TSS/360 ... but never came to production fruition, so was running as 360/65 with OS/360). IBM starts rotating newly minted SEs through the installation every couple months ... apparently giving them exposure to a lot of stuff that I'm doing with OS/360; including revamping STAGE2 sysgen to order high-use stuff for optimized arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search. One problem I had was PTF update/replace of system PDS members, destroying ordering and sometimes I have to redo sysgen to restore careful ordering (to restore performance).

Before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into a small group in the Boeing CFO office (west side of Boeing field, down the hill from housing project where I lived as child) to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment). I thought Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world, a couple hundred million in IBM 360 systems, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around the machine room. However, they have a disaster plan to replicate Renton datacenter up at the new 747 plant in Everett (scenario was that Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud slide takes out Renton datacenter). Lots of political battles between Boeing CFO office (all it had was 360/30 at Boeing field for payroll, although they expanded it and added a 360/67 for me to play with) and head of Renton datacenter (hundreds of millions in 360 systems).

Both Boeing and IBM account team told (same) story about 360 announcement ... on that day, Boeing walks into IBM salesman's office (who hardly knows what 360 was) and orders a whole boatload of IBM equipment ... and IBM sales still was straight commission, and he was highest paid IBMer that year. IBM then replaces straight commission with "quota" starting the following year. January, Boeing comes in with another huge order ... making the salesman's annual quota ... IBM "adjusts" the salesman's quota, the salesman leaves IBM.

When I graduate, I join the IBM Cambridge Science Center (instead of staying at Boeing). IBM was then going through hiring boom and almost everybody was being asked to be a manager. I asked to read the manager's manual over the weekend. Monday, I said I wouldn't make a good IBM (white collar) manager, my experience handling people problems was in the parking lot after work ... nobody asked me again.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

trivia: Early 80s I was introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. In 89/90 time frame, commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for Corps make-over (at a time when IBM was desperately in need of a make-over). Boyd passes in 1997, but we've continued to have Boyd conferences at Marine Corps university in Quantico. First time I ran into commandant, he wandered into conference after lunch and wanted to talk (two hrs, total threw the conference schedule off, nobody complained). I was sitting in back corner of the room, and when he was done, he walked straight towards me (all I could think of were the various Marines I had offended in the past and who might of set me up).

One of Boyd's biographies has him in command of "spook base" (about the same time I'm at Boeing) and claims it was a $2.5B "windfall for IBM (ten times Boeing Renton datacenter) ... was really needed later by IBM to help cover the cost of the failed "Future System" effort in the 70s. reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Boyd posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

BCS posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#56 YKYBHTLW....
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#30 Computers in Science Fiction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#22 Computer Terminal Design Over the Years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#43 Sprint backs out of IBM outsourcing deal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#29 PDP-1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#29 Mainframe Limericks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#19 IBM Unionization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#74 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#12 why stopped?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#13 Four decades of a flying giant
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#29 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#0 LPARs: More or Less?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#5 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#49 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#66 Global CIO: Global Banks Form Consortium To Counter HP, IBM, & Oracle
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#18 taking down the machine - z9 series
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#51 Mainframe Hacking -- Fact or Fiction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#87 Scanning JES3 JCL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#21 The "IBM Displays" Memory Lane (Was: TSO SCREENSIZE)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#31 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#69 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#13 IBM & Boyd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#31 Speed of computers--wave equation for the copper atom? (curiosity)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#40 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#14 Super Cane's Computers run Windows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#15 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#143 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#47 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#86 Computer/IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#51 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#23 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
Date: 06 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#32 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#33 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#34 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

A couple more ACS refs
https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/326580149.pdf
https://ai.eecs.umich.edu/people/conway/Memoirs/ACS/Lynn_Conway_ACS_Reminiscences.pdf

Originally, ACS was to be separate from 360 but Amdahl advocated a 360 compatible alternate version of ACS.
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs.html#end
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_legacy.html

The Clemson site also has other info on FS. Also interesting stats on 360 market and total installs and profit of different models
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html
Of the 26,000 IBM computer systems in use, 16,000 were S/360 models (that is, over 60%). [Fig. 1.311.2]

Of the general-purpose systems having the largest fraction of total installed value, the IBM S/360 Model 30 was ranked first with 12% (rising to 17% in 1969). The S/360 Model 40 was ranked second with 11% (rising to almost 15% in 1970). [Figs. 2.10.4 and 2.10.5]

Of the number of operations per second in use, the IBM S/360 Model 65 ranked first with 23%. The Univac 1108 ranked second with slightly over 14%, and the CDC 6600 ranked third with 10%. [Figs. 2.10.6 and 2.10.7]

Richard DeLamarter in Big Blue reproduces an undated IBM profit table that indicates that the "system profit" for the S/360 Model 30 was 32% and for the Model 40 was 35%. The "system profit" for the Model 65 was 24%, and the Models 75 and 85 were lumped together at a negative 17% (that is, a loss). [Table 20, p. 98] Thus, the business trend was that the low-end to mid-range S/360 computers were where IBM was making its profits.


... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
Date: 06 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#32 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#33 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#34 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#35 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

Univ. library got ONR (office navy research) grant to do online catalog ... and used some of the money for 2321/datacell. It was also selected as beta test site for the CICS program product and I got debugging CICS added to my task list. First problem/bug was CICS had some undocumented/hard-coded BDAM file options ... and the library had created BDAM files with a different set of options ... and CICS was failing startup ... difficult to track down w/o source. Yelavich webpages ... gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine.
https://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/http://www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm

CICS &/or BDAM posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

Much later after leaving IBM (over HA/CMP cluster scale-up being transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors) did project with former IBM DASD engineer that had worked on 2321/datacell (and left IBM in one of the waves of san jose departures in the 60s).

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
posts getting to play disk engineer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

trivia/funny story; when 1st transferred to san jose, I got to wander around most IBM and customer locations in silicon valley ... including bldg14&15 (disk engineering & product test) across the street. They said that they had tried running MVS for testing, but it had 15minute mean-time-between-failure (in that environment) requiring manual re-ipl and so were running prescheduled, 7x24, stand-alone testing. I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail so they could do any amount of on-demand, concurrent testing (greatly improving productivity). One of the side-effects was that they would point their fingers at me any time there was problems, and I had to spend increasing amount of time play disk engineer. One issue in particular was that a very slow processor had been chosen for the 3880 disk controller (much slower than 3830 processor, but there was special hardware bypass to handle 3mbyte/sec disk transfer). To try and mask the significant 3880 slowdown, they were playing all sorts of games ... frequently violating channel architecture ... which I had to diagnose and explain. At one point they escalated my explanation with conference call to POK channel engineers. After that they tried to coerce me into being at every such conference call. I asked why. They said that all the senior disk engineers that really understood channel architecture were gone in the waves of departures starting in the late 60s.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
Date: 06 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#32 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#33 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#34 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#35 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#36 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

univ 709/1401 to 360/65 trivia: 709 ran tape->tape (with 1401 as unit record front-end) and student fortran jobs ran well under a second. Initial move to 360/65 with OS/360, student fortran jobs ran over a minute (3step, fortrangclg. Installing HASP cut elapsed time in half (still well over 30seconds). Careful revamping stage2 sysgen placing datasets and PDS members for disk performance got it to 12.9secs (but still much greater than 709). Old archived post with part of presentation I did at share on 1) optimized os/360 sysgen and 2) significant rewrite of lots of cp/67 code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Student fortran job execution didn't beat 709 until univ. of waterloo (single step monitor) WATFOR was installed. Typically batched 30-50 jobs (around 2000 cards in card tray) in single step ... about 4secs for job step overhead and WATFOR running about 20,000 cards/min on 360/65 (333 cards/sec) or around 6-10jobs/sec.

2000 cards (30-60 student jobs), 6secs WATFOR plus 4sec OS/360 job step overhead, 10sec elapsed; 1/6th-1/3rd sec per student job.

HASP, ASP, JES, NJE, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

some recent posts mentioning share presentation:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#15 Tandem Memo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#28 CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#88 Fwd: Happy 50th Birthday CICS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#68 Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#19 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#8 IBM timesharing terminal--offline preparation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#26 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#17 Performance History, 5-10Oct1986, SEAS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#64 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#81 The Golden Age of computer user groups
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class

other posts mentioning WATFOR
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#54 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#28 floating point, was history of RPG, Fortran
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#43 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#31 Java Security?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#4 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#18 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#49 The Mother of All Demos: The 1968 presentation that sparked atech revolution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#87 The Mother of All Demos: The 1968 presentation that sparked a tech revolution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#85 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#67 Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#52 The Stack Depth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#102 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#35 high level language idea
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#29 Multitasking, together with OS operations

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
Date: 06 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#32 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#33 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#34 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#35 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#36 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#37 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

Univ. would shutdown the datacenter from 8am sat. until 8am mon and most of the time I could have everything all to myself for 48hrs straight ... although 48hrs straight w/o sleep could make anything monday morning a little trying.

The TSS SE was still at the univ for a few months more even after CP67/CMS was installed by the cambridge science center. One weekend he and I ran TSS&CMS comparison benchmarks of (student) fortran edit, compile and execute (this was well before I started rewriting lots of CP67 & CMS code). He ran with four with four emulated users on TSS/360. I ran with 30 CP67/CMS emulated users and got significantly better throughput and response (than his benchmark with only four emulated users).

Later after joining IBM cambridge scientific center one of hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters. I also did a paged-mapped filesystem enhancements for CMS (moderate i/o bound workload, I could show around three times the throughput improvement compared to standard CMS filesystem). The future system effort was doing a (paged-mapped) "single level store" (similar to TSS/360 implementation). Part of my periodic ridiculing the FS activity is I claimed to learn what not to do based on watching how TSS/360 worked.

archived post with part of SHARE presentation on os/360 and cp67 enhances (and code rewrite)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
cms paged-mapped filesystem posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap
related issues with memory mapped filesystem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#adcon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 370/155

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 370/155
Date: 07 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Co-worker at science center had implemented what became the IBM internal network ... one of the first uses was distributed development project with endicott to implement support for 370 virtual memory. Early on implemented cms multiple level source update. The base cp/67 had a lot of my cp/67 enhancements (or cp67-i), also one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters.

IBM internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

There was then the CP67-H updates (which ran on 360/67 but provided 370 virtual member virtual machines) followed by the CP67-I updates (version of CP67 that ran on 370 rather than 360/67). CP67-H & CP67-I were running regularly a year before the first 370 engineering machine (370/145) with virtual memory was operational. Cambridge normally ran CP67-L on the real 360/67, with CP67-H running in a 360/67 virtual machine, then with CP/67-I running in a 370 virtual machine (provided by CP67-H). A major reason for running CP67-H in a virtual machine (rather than the real hardware) was cambridge system also had online use by staff, students and professors from univ. in the Boston/Cambridge area ... and 370 virtual memory hadn't yet been announced and needed to make sure non-employees were exposed to the details.

As 370s with virtual memory (1st 145s and then 155-II and 165-II) started to show up around internal IBM for software development, three people from SJ came out to Cambridge to implement 3330 & 2305 device support for CP67-I ... which became CP67-SJ ... which would ran on most of these early internal machines ... even after VM370 started becoming available for internal use (morph CP67->VM370 simplified and/or dropped a lot of features).

At the science center, a 370/155-II replaced the 360/67. In 1974, I started migration of the CP67 enhancements to VM370. An automated benchmarking procedure (that could vary workloads & configurations) had been developed for CP67, start of initial VM370 benchmarking would consistently crash the system ... and it wasn't until the CP67 kernel serialization mechanism and other reliability features were ported to VM370 that it could reliable be expected to not crash. Finally in 1975, I had "CSC/VM" for production distribution for internal datacenters (not just all the CP67 reliability, performance, and additional function, but also the CMS page-mapped filesystem that had more function and higher throughput.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

automated benchmarking posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#benchmark
page-mapped cms filesystem posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

All through this period I would periodically ridicule the Future System activities (including drawing analogies with a long running cult film was playing down the street in Central Square), which wasn't exactly a career enhancing activity (repeatedly offending all sorts of people).

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech csc/vm (&/or sjr/vm) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#cscvm
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

370/155-II trivia; part of benchmarking was varying workloads and configuration as part of verifying that my dynamic adaptive resource management algorithms worked. One of the ways to vary configuration was unlatch the front panel, swing it out and flip the switch that disabled the cache ... giving the machine approx. performance of 370/145)

other references in recent post/comments about April 7, 1964 360 announce
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#32 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#33 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#34 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#35 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#36 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#37 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#38 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360

other multilevel source update trivia: Mid-80s got a request from Melinda ...
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#65
old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email850906
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email850908
in this post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#42

... for copy of the original multi-level source update implementation. I pulled it off from backup tapes (files from the 60s through 1977, replicated on three different tapes) and sent them off. However, all of the tapes were in the IBM Almaden (research) tape library which was going through a period with operational problems where random tapes were being mounted as scratch ... and I "lost" a dozen tapes (including the three replicated backup tapes of 60s through 1977).

virtual memory trivia: A decade ago, I was asked by IBM customer about how the decision was made to migrate 370s & systems to virtual memory. I eventually tracked down one of the people involved. Basically the MVT storage management was so bad, that regions had to be four times as large as used ... and typical one megabyte 370/165 MVT could only be configured with four regions. MVT could be mapped into 16mbyte virtual memory with four times the regions for concurrent execution and increased throughput, with very little or no paging. Archived post with pieces of his reply (as well as other ancient subjects).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why do startups fail?

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why do startups fail?
Date: 07 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Why do startups fail? This Harvard professor blames the 'speed trap'. Expanding at an unsustainable pace is one of the primary reasons why startups go out of business, writes Harvard Business School professor Tom Eisenmann.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90622629/why-startups-fail-speed-trap

... in early 90s, the silicon valley lore was that the most common trait of successful startups was that they had completely changed their business plan at least once in the first two years ... aka agility and adaptability

past refs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#15 I am an ageing techy, expert on everything. Let me explain the
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#84 Idiotic programming style edicts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#70 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#0 I actually miss working at IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#90 PDCA vs. OODA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#95 Can anyone offer some insight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#26 Strategy subsumes culture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#20 Are mothers naturally better at OODA because they always have the Win in mind?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#44 Time to Think ... and to Listen
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#49 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#9 Some IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#59 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#71 Range

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Powerpoint sales presentations

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
Date: 08 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Universities should ban PowerPoint -- It makes students stupid and professors boring
https://www.businessinsider.com/universities-should-ban-powerpoint-it-makes-students-stupid-and-professors-boring-2015-6

this from 2006 (death by powerpoint)
http://armsandinfluence.typepad.com/armsandinfluence/2006/08/death_by_powerp.html
over last decade or two there have been ongoing discussions about how bad powerpoint is in the military ... especially prepared/static nature (including flowcharting static enemy encounters)
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/how-powerpoint-stifles-understanding-creativity-and-innovation-within-your-organization
http://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/dilbert-leads-the-coin-fight
http://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/wired-magazine-microsoft-helps-the-army-avoid-death-by-powerpoint

last couple years there has been periodic conference directives banning powerpoint presentations
https://www.forbes.com/sites/work-in-progress/2014/11/14/six-ways-to-avoid-death-by-powerpoint/#542bd52a64d4

Call Sign Chaos
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg216/loc3041-43:
PowerPoint is the scourge of critical thinking. It encourages fragmented logic by the briefer and passivity in the listener. Only a verba l narrative that logically connects a succinct problem statement using rational thinking can develop sound solutions. PowerPoint is excellent when displaying data; but it makes us stupid when applied to critical thinking.

... snip ...

IBM sales&marketing have periodically gotten well deserved reputation for resorting to FUD (fear, uncertainty and doubt) ... especially big uptic in the 70s during the FS period when 370 efforts were being shutdown ... and the lack of new IBM 370 products during the period is credited with giving the clone 370 makers their market foothold.

Future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Powerpoint sales presentations

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
Date: 08 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#42 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations

TYMSHARE began making their CMS-based online computer conferencing system (precursor to modern social media) free to the IBM user group SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
in August 1976 as "VMSHARE". Customers were allowed to use TYMSHARE's TYMNET local POPs to login to the VMSHARE service.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymnet

I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get a monthly tape backup of all VMSHARE files that I would put up on internal network and systems ... including the world-wide online sales&marketing HONE systems. The biggest problem I had was with IBM lawyers who were concerned that VMSHARE information would contaminate internal employees (or that the information from the field making to the LABs wasn't actually what customers were saying). VMSHARE archive
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

trivia: Stanford SLAC hosted the (silicon valley) monthly user group "BAYBUNCH" meetings and TYMSHARE staff were regular attendees

FUD story: Co-worker at IBM SJR left IBM and got a lot of contracting work in silicon valley. One of the contracts was significantly enhancing the performance of HSPICE.
https://www.synopsys.com/verification/ams-verification/hspice.html

He also was doing a lot of work for engineering SVP at large silicon valley chip operation. He got C compiler up and running on mainframe with lots of bug fixes and optimization enhancements ... and then ported the UCB chip applications. One day IBM marketing rep came through and asked him what he was working on. He said mainframe ethernet support so they could have SGI workstations frontends for graphic chip design. The marketing rep said that he should instead be doing Token-Ring support or they might find that their mainframe service might not be as timely. I almost immediately get a call and have to listen to an hour of four letter words. The next morning the SVP calls a press conference to say they are replacing IBM mainframes with SUN servers.

There then are a number of IBM taskforces formed to consider why silicon valley is moving off IBM mainframes (however, they were prohibited from considering what kicked it off).

recent posts mentioning FUD marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#28 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#5 IBM's core business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#17 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#109 IBM downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#21 IBM ... the rise and fall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#99 Boca Series/1 & CPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#35 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#52 IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#109 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#6 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#22 The Rise and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#0 Service Bureau Corporation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#27 Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#91 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#0 IBM's 3033
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#39 IBM Tech
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#14 The Rise of the Internet

recent vmshare posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#21 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#24 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#54 Misinformation: anti-vaccine bullshit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#77 IBM downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#27 Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#36 The People Who Invented the Internet: #Reviewing The Imagineers of War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#66 Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#106 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#87 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#160 Y2K
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#28 50 years online at home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#14 Unbundling and Kernel Software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#22 Almaden Tape Library
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#25 IBM Acronyms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#72 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#85 IBM Auditors and Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#12 IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#69 Fumble Finger Distribution list
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#81 The Golden Age of computer user groups
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#84 1977: Zork
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#5 Z/VM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#12 Z/VM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Powerpoint sales presentations

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
Date: 08 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#41 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#42 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters, including the worldwide online sales&marketing support HONE systems.

The 23June1969 unbundling announcement started to charge for (application) software (they managed to make the case operating system/kernel software should still be free), maint. SE services, etc. SE training used to include sort of apprentice program with young SEs part of large group at customer site ... however, they couldn't figure out how NOT to charge for those trainee SEs.

23jun1969 Unbundling posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

HONE started out with branch trainee having online access to running guest operating systems in CP67 virtual machines. However the science center in addition to doing internal network, virtual machines (initially CP40 on 360/40 with virtual memory hardware mods which morphs into CP67 when 360/67 becomes available standard with virtual memory, lots of online tools, lots of performance and capacity planning applications, as well as port of APL\360 to CMS as CMS\APL. Then they started deploying lots of CMS\APL-based sales&marketing support tools on HONE and the online SE guest operating system trainee just dwindled away (in part because the CMS\APL-based applications were very CPU-intensive).

sceince center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

In the morph from CP67->VM370 lots of features were dropped and/or significant simplified (including dropping multiprocessor support) ... long winded comment about it in this recent 370/155 post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#39 IBM 370/155

and HONE moves from CP67 to VM370 and from CMS\APL to APL\CMS (done for VM370 by the Palo Alto Science Center, which also did the APL microcode assist for the 370/145 and for the portable 5100). The US HONE datacenters were then consolidated in a bldg across the back parking lot from PASC (trivia: when facebook 1st moves to silicon valley, it is into new bldg built next to the old HONE consolidate datacenter).

As mentioned in the comment to the 155 post, I eventually migrate a bunch of code to VM370 and HONE expands to the largest IBM mainframe "single system image", loosely-coupled complex with eight 370/168s (max systems that you could connect to single string of 3330s) with load-balancing and fall-over across the complex. The US HONE APL-based CPU-intensive, sales&marketing support applications still saturate eight large mainframes.

There is also an enormous "SEQUOIA" APL application done for the mostly computer illiterate sales&marketing people ... with process than automagically dumps them into SEQUOIA after logon that is sort of a "super" PROFS environment that hides the majority of the actual generalized computer online environment. Then there is an effort to identify the highest CPU use APL applications and recode major portions in FORTRAN to reduce their CPU consumption (all hidden behind the SEQUIA interface for the mostly computer illiterate sales&marketing people). I then add multiprocessor support back into VM370 Release 3, initially for HONE, so they can double the number of processors from eight to 16.

SMP, multiprocessor, and/or compare&swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

It is still not enough for the CPU-intensive sales&marketing support applications and they replicate the Palo Alto consolidate US HONE, first in Dallas and then another in Boulder (also motivated by Cal. earthquake and contingency in case disaster takes out the Palo Alto HONE datacenter).

trivia: One of the cambridge science center performance tools is a APL-based analytical computer system model ... which is modified first to make the "single-system-image" load-balancing decisions at each login. Then other modifications are made to make it available as sales&marketing performance predictor ... branch people can enter the customer's workload & configuration information and ask "what-if" questions about what happens if the workload and/or configuration is changed (i.e. objective to help justify selling hardware, heaven help us if decisions were to be based on facts)

recent performance predictor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#50 Can any one tell about what is APL language
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#60 Hard Disk Drive Construction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#27 System/360--50 years--the future?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#71 A New Performance Model
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#36 Ransomware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#68 Pareto efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#109 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#27 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#85 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#32 HONE story/history

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Powerpoint sales presentations

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
Date: 08 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#41 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#42 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#43 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations

I think AA Sabre had a TPF loosely-coupled cluster complex with number of systems approaching the HONE single system complex ... but TPF didn't have multiprocessor support until a decade or more after HONE was upgraded to multiprocessor.

The lack of TPF multiprocessor support especially showed up with 3081 ... which were only going to be multiprocessor machines ... and IBM was afraid that the whole TPF market was going to move to clone mainframes (that were coming out with newer faster single processor machines with throughput about the same as two-processor 3081). Eventually IBM ships a 3083 with one of the 3081 processors removed.

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

some recent 3083 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#60 SABRE after the 7090
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#62 The IRS Really Needs Some New Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#89 Earth's atmosphere just crossed another troubling climate change threshold
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#70 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#71 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#77 How many years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#13 Tandem Memo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#50 Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#72 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#74 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#39 WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#66 ACP/TPF 3083

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

POK 370 Multiprocessor Machines

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: POK 370 Multiprocessor Machines
Date: 08 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
360/67 multiprocessor had channel configuration where both processors could access all channels. 360/65 multiprocessor (and later 370) only had (multiprocessor) shared memory, it simulated multiprocessor I/O with dedicated channels (for each processor) connected to "twin-tailed" controllers (i.e. controllers that had two channel interfaces, one for each processor).

POK 370 cache machines (158 & 168) slowed the processors down to handle some of the cross-cache consistency protocol ... so a two processor 370 hardware started out at only 1.8 times a single processor. MVT and later MVS multiprocessor software overhead was significant, MVS documentation claiming multiprocessor configuration only having 1.2 to 1.5 times the throughput of a single processor configuration.

As I've mentioned before during the FS period in the 70s, 370 efforts were being shutdown (the lack of new 370 products during the period is credited with giving the clone makers a market foothold, also sales&marketing having to resort to huge amount of FUD to compensate for lack of new products).

Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

In the morph of CP67 to VM370 lots of features were greatly simplified and/or eliminated (including multiprocessor support). In the recent 370/155 post I have very long comments about re-implementing lots of the CP67 (as well as additional new enhanced features) during 1974 in VM370.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#39 IBM 370/155

In the recent marketing powerpoint posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#41 Powerpoint sales presentations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#42 Powerpoint sales presentations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#43 Powerpoint sales presentations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#44 Powerpoint sales presentations

I have long-winded comments about (world-wide sales&marketing online) HONE and re-implementing multiprocessor support, originally for HONE. HONE had consolidated the US HONE datacenters in Palo Alto (silicon valley) across the back parking lot from Palo Alto Science Center ... and then implemented 8-way loosely-coupled, single-system image operation (all DASD strings connected to all systems) with load-balancing and fall-over.

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

I then re-implement SMP, multiprocessor support so they can add a second processor to each system (16 processors in the complex). I do some slight of hand for super short pathlengths and leverage two processors and some cache affinity that improves the cache hit rate ... and therefor the throughput ... frequently achieving twice the throughput of a single processor (the improved cache hit rate offsetting the software multiprocessor overhead as well as each processor only running at .9 times a single processor).

SMP, multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cloud Computing

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Cloud Computing
Date: 08 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
We departed IBM after cluster scale-up was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer and we were told that we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. Sometime later, we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup. Two of the former Oracle people (we had worked with on commercial RDBMS cluster scale-up and were in Jan1992 Ellison's conference room meeting on cluster scale-up ... just a couple weeks before cluster scale-up was transferred) were there responsible for something called "commerce server" and wanted to do payment transactions on the server. The startup has also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use, it is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Some of the people we were worked with were also over at GOOGLE working on (cloud) cluster scale-up.

A few years later, visiting SLAC, we got a tour of their former mainframe datacenter. It was populated with enormous number of racks crammed with blades ... that they said was assembled by a "white box" vendor. It turns out that budget cluster supercomputing market was using identical technologies used by exploding cloud operations.

For a couple decades now the large cloud operators have claimed their blade systems are assembled at 1/3rd the cost of name blades (typical cloud now will have dozen or more megadatacenters, each with half-million or more blade systems). They have so commoditized computer system costs that power&cooling increasingly became major part of their costs.

A couple years ago, IBM sold off their server business about the same time that the server chip vendors said that they were shipping over half their product directly to major cloud operations (for in-house assembly). The large cloud operations have become so dominate that the chip vendors are even doing custom specialized chips to cloud specification.

HA/CMP & cluster scale-up posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

megadatacenter postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cloud Computing

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Cloud Computing
Date: 09 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#46 Cloud Computing

One of the final nails in the FS coffin was analysis by Houston Science Center if 370/195 (Eastern Airline) System/One was moved to FS made out of the fastest technology available, it would have throughput of 370/145 (about factor of 30 times slowdown). S/38 significantly simplified FS features ... and at the same time there was enormous headroom between the S/38 market throughput requirements and available technology.

Lot more detail on FS
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

very late 70s, there was program to convert the myriad of internal CISC microprocessors to 801/risc (I periodically claimed that John was going to the opposite of the exterme FS complexity with 801/RISC ... lots of other stuff besides reduced instruction) ... 4361&4381 low&mid range mainframe microprocessor that emulated 370, AS/400, various controllers, etc. For various reasons all the programs floundered and they returned to doing custom CISC for each project (and some number of 801/RISC engineers left IBM for RISC efforts at other vendors). Well, except for the DISPLAYWRITER follow-on with the 801/RISC ROMP chip ... it was canceled but they decided to retarget the machine to the UNIX workstations market ... and it became the PC/RT (hired the company that had done AT&T UNIX to the IBM/PC for PC/IX, to do one for ROMP & AIX).

The AS/400 was combined follow-on to S/34, S/36, and S/38 (S/38 was significantly simplified Future System, and some of the features were further simplified for AS/400)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System_i

Realizing the importance of compatibility with the thousands of programs written in legacy code, IBM launched the AS/400 midrange computer line in 1988. AS stands for "Application System." Great effort was made during development of the AS/400 to enable programs written for the System/34 and System/36 to be moved to the AS/400. Programs on the System/38 were directly compatible with the new AS/400 (after they were 're-encapsulated' by the operating system).

... snip ...

... note a decade later in the 90s, AS/400 did finally move to 801/RISC with Power/PC. One could claim the story was somewhat like the Apple MAC ... which was first Motorola 68K, then (RISC) Power/PC, then Intel I86, and now (RISC) ARM. Other trivia, Power/PC was work by the Somerset project and the AIM (Apple, IBM, and Motorola) group. I'm claimed that it was somewhat to take the RIOS/POWER multichip, no multiprocessor cache consistency implementation and map it into Motorola's (RISC) 88K single chip multiprocessor cache consistency.

801, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

... 4361/4381 trivia: I contributed to the white paper that "killed" the 801/RISC Iliad chip for 4361&4381 370 emulation. The issue was that CISC technology had advanced to the point that nearly the whole 370 architecture could be directly implemented in circuits ... eliminating the overhead of emulation.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cloud Computing

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Cloud Computing
Date: 09 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#46 Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#47 Cloud Computing

PROFS group picked up a lot of internal applications to wrap (3270) menus around (for mostly computer illiterate audience). For the email client they picked up a very early prototype of VMSG. When the VMSG author attempted to provide them with a significantly enhanced version, they tried to get him fired (having already taken credit for it). The whole thing quieted down after the VMSG author demonstrated his initials in a nondisplayed field in every PROFS email/note. After that the VMSG author only shared his code with me and one other person.

past posts mentioning PROFS & VMSG:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#46 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#35 Newbie TOPS-10 7.03 question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#39 Newbie TOPS-10 7.03 question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#40 Newbie TOPS-10 7.03 question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#58 history of CMS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#34 VSE (Was: Re: Refusal to change was Re: LE and COBOL)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#13 Mainframe Virus ????
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#43 FULIST
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#23 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#13 Why is switch to DSL so traumatic?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#54 An old fashioned Christmas
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#55 An old fashioned Christmas
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#59 Happy 20th Birthday, AS/400
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#64 spool file tag data
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#1 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#44 sysout using machine control instead of ANSI control
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#61 LPARs: More or Less?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#67 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#83 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#81 A History of VM Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#82 A History of VM Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#57 SNA/VTAM Misinformation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#11 History of APL -- Software Preservation Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#6 Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#44 CMS load module format
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#60 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#15 John R. Opel, RIP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#30 Any candidates for best acronyms?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#78 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#141 With cloud computing back to old problems as DDos attacks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#17 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#47 You Don't Need a Cyber Attack to Take Down The North American Power Grid
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#55 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#66 Arthur C. Clarke Predicts the Internet, 1974
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#69 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#26 Warnings for the U.S. military about innovation and the information age: The Pentagon looks like a minicomputer firm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#33 Warnings for the U.S. military about innovation and the information age: The Pentagon looks like a minicomputer firm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#48 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#39 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#43 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#94 VM370 Logo Screen
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#9 PROFS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#13 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#98 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#66 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#43 PL/I advertising
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#76 PROFS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#8 IBM email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#74 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#67 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#27 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#15 Old word processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#5 DOS & OS2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#25 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#54 PROFS, email, 3270
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#75 CP67 & EMAIL history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#20 Internal Telephone Message System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#96 PROFS and Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#108 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#65 IBM Computer Literacy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Real Programmers and interruptions

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Real Programmers and interruptions
Date: 09 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
from long ago and far away ... "Real Programmers" strategy in order to concentrate and avoid (petty) interruptions:
Real Programmers never work 9 to 5. If any Real Programmers are around at 9 AM, it's because they were up all night.
... at the univ., the datacenter (started 709/1401 later replace with 360/67) was closed from 8am sat until 8am monday and they let me have the whole place to myself for 48hrs straight ... although having to do anything monday morning ... like go to classes, could be a little difficult after 48hrs w/o sleep

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 09 Apr 2021 10:15:59 -1000
Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
"A Different Kind of War" Admiral Milton Miles, First half of the book is about being sent into China to form the coastal watchers and helped train 50,000 guerrillas to fight the Japanese. The last half of the book is how OSS & factions of the Army tried to come in and take over responsibility but were rebuffed by the Navy&Marines, State Dept, and the Nationalists ... so to have something to take credit for, they support Mao (aka how they gave China to the Communist).

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

This goes into much more detail (about OSS giving China to communists)
https://www.amazon.com/OSS-China-Prelude-Cold-War-ebook/dp/B00DY0OLNK/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Hardest Problem(s)

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Hardest Problem(s)
Date: 10 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
dealing with IBM bureaucracy, I was hired fulltime at the univ to be responsible for the IBM mainframe systems within a year of taking two semester hr, intro computers&fortran ... then before I graduate, was hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the consolidation of all Boeing dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment (just Renton datacenter had couple hundred million in 360 systems). When I joined IBM after graduating, everything seemed to take enormously longer.

I remember the 80s and IBM's foray into independent business units as means to get around the enormous internal bureaucracy, AWD (workstation group in austin) independent business unit ... was constantly being told by (every) IBM bureaucrat, that AWD might be free from other IBM bureaucracy, but not theirs.

... any success Learson may have had was obliterated in the FS failure
Management Briefing
Number 1-72: January 18,1972
ZZ04-1312

TO ALL IBM MANAGERS:

Once again, I'm writing you a Management Briefing on the subject of bureaucracy. Evidently the earlier ones haven't worked. So this time I'm taking a further step: I'm going directly to the individual employees in the company. You will be reading this poster and my comment on it in the forthcoming issue of THINK magazine. But I wanted each one of you to have an advance copy because rooting out bureaucracy rests principally with the way each of us runs his own shop.

We've got to make a dent in this problem. By the time the THINK piece comes out, I want the correction process already to have begun. And that job starts with you and with me.

Vin Learson


... snip ...

...


+-----------------------------------------+
|           "BUSINESS ECOLOGY"            |
|                                         |
|                                         |
|            +---------------+            |
|            |  BUREAUCRACY  |            |
|            +---------------+            |
|                                         |
|           is your worst enemy           |
|              because it -               |
|                                         |
|      POISONS      the mind              |
|      STIFLES      the spirit            |
|      POLLUTES     self-motivation       |
|             and finally                 |
|      KILLS        the individual.       |
+-----------------------------------------+


"I'M Going To Do All I Can to Fight This Problem . . ." by T. Vincent Learson, Chairman

How to Stuff a Wild Duck

"We are convinced that any business needs its wild ducks. And in IBM we try not to tame them." - T.J. Watson, Jr.

"How To Stuff A Wild Duck", 1973, IBM poster
https://collection.cooperhewitt.org/objects/18618011/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Hardest Problem(s)

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Hardest Problem(s)
Date: 10 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#51 IBM Hardest Problem(s)

... at the univ. they would shutdown the datacenter from 8am sat. until 8am mon and I would have the place all to myself for 48hrs straight. Going to monday morning class after being up for 48hrs straight w/o sleep was nothing compared to dealing with IBM bureaucracy

Co-worker at Cambridge Science Center was responsible for internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) and the technology also used for corporate sponsored university BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time). Almost all non-SNA.

CSC posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal net posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

Early 80s, started HSDT project (T1/1.5mbit/sec and faster computer links) and working with NSF director and suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually NSF releases RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding and the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies and copying IBM's CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary announcement:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

In the mid-80s, the communication group was spreading enormous amount of mis-information, including 1) why customers would be satisfied with IBM's max 56kbit link support until well into the 90s, 2) why internal network would stop working if it wasn't converted to SNA, 3) and why the "Internet" could use SNA. Also they were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve their (by then emulated) dumb terminal paradigm.

We were out doing customer executive presentations on HSDT, ethernet, and 3tier networking and taking all sort of FUD and potshots from the communication group.

One the reasons that NSFNET passes internal network in number of nodes was that TCP/IP was being implemented on workstations and PCs as network nodes ... while they were pretty much restricted to dumb terminal emulation inside IBM.

communication group, SNA, & dumb terminal emulation posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IMS Stories

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IMS Stories
Date: 10 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#72 IMS Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#73 IMS Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#74 IMS Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#13 IMS Stories

.... drift ... in Gburg, my wife was also on the JESUS (JES Ultimate/Unified System) specification task-force .. all the features of the JES2 & JES3 that the respective customers couldn't live w/o (never came to fruition for various reasons).

HASP, JES, NJE, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

One of the people running JESUS task force, I ran into a decade ago when a customer asked me if I could track down responsibility for decision to move all 370s to virtual memory. He was responsible for much of the information in this archived post (neither of us were at IBM at the time):
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

I've always used fall-over ... has somebody in IBM tried to define a "correct"
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/fall-over if a
computer or a computer program falls over, it suddenly stops working: If the program falls over on complicated drawings, it is of no use to us professionally.

trivia ... when we were doing our IBM HA/CMP product, I always used fall-over and when I was out marketing HA/CMP, I also coined the terms disaster survivability and geographic survivability ... to differentiate from "disaster/recovery". I was then asked to write a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document ... but it got pulled when both Rochester (AS/400) and POK (mainframe) complained that they couldn't meet the objectives.

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
availability posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

... also doing lots of work with s/88 product administrator ... IBM plowed enormous amount of money into the vendor that IBM logo'ed s/88 from and there were issues with the original vendor salesmen.

Basel2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basel_II

Right after turn of century we got called into NYFED by person that added qualitative risk to basel2 draft to talk about how it could be implemented. ... however it was kneecapped/eviscerated by us banks during review process

Basel posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#smallpay3 Small/Secure Payment Business Models
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#cfppki19 CFP: PKI research workshop
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#50 E-banking is board-level Issue, Says Basel Committee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#52 Committee calls for better e-banking security management
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#7 The Digital Insider: Backdoor Trojans ... fyi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#3 Is there any future for smartcards?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#14 Sarbanes-Oxley is what you get when you don't do FC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#15 Sarbanes-Oxley is what you get when you don't do FC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#11 Is this Risk Management's Waterloo?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#61 Is Basel 2 out...Basel 3 in?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#63 Is Basel 2 out...Basel 3 in?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#65 Would the Basel Committee's announced enhancement of Basel II Framework and other steps have prevented the current global financial crisis had they been implemented years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#66 Would the Basel Committee's announced enhancement of Basel II Framework and other steps have prevented the current global financial crisis had they been implemented years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#67 Would the Basel Committee's announced enhancement of Basel II Framework and other steps have prevented the current global financial crisis had they been implemented years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm The Thread Between Risk Management and Information Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#50 glossary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#29 CIOs Must Be Involved In Controlling Risk In Financial Services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#44 56,000-bit Keys?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#41 An Understanding Database Theory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#23 More on garbage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#26 Dangerous Hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#22 AOS: The next big thing in data storage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#0 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#71 As Expected, Ford Falls From 2nd Place in U.S. Sales
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#78 As Expected, Ford Falls From 2nd Place in U.S. Sales
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#42 Banks failing to manage IT risk - study
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#65 Banks failing to manage IT risk - study
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#1 independent appraisers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#86 Banks failing to manage IT risk - study
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#90 subprime write-down sweepstakes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#30 subprime write-down sweepstakes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#15 Blinkylights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#39 The human plague
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#9 Do you believe a global financial regulation is possible?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#4 Basel Committee outlines plans to strengthen Basel II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#51 Blinkenlights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#53 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#42 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#34 Board Visibility Into The Business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#37 Future of Financial Mathematics?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#40 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#46 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#53 We Can't Subsidize the Banks Forever
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#47 70 Years of ATM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#65 the Federal Reserve, was Re: Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#66 the Federal Reserve, was Re: Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#70 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#53 Productivity And Bubbles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#56 Productivity And Bubbles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#68 The first personal computer (PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#70 The first personal computer (PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#12 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#65 Why (my, all) financial systems fail -- information complexity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#21 Zombie Banks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#86 A Little More on the Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#78 Fed may restrict bank ownership of commodities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#87 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#16 Precious Metals Manipulation Worse Than Libor Scandal, German Regulator Says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#10 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#21 How Corrupt Is the American Government
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#28 Stop Romanticizing Glass-Steagall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#116 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#72 IMS Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#74 Led by donkeys: Bank boardrooms lack computer literacy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's biggest corporations paid no federal income taxes last year

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's biggest corporations paid no federal income taxes last year
Date: 10 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
America's biggest corporations paid no federal income taxes last year: study. Thanks to policies passed by Trump, many corporations were able to pay no taxes on their profits in 2020
https://www.salon.com/2021/04/07/americas-biggest-corporations-paid-no-federal-income-taxes-last-year-study/

lots of complaints about us corporate 35% tax rate ... lots of it pure obfuscation and misdirection by various special interest since .... from 2013

GAO: U.S. corporations pay average effective tax rate of 12.6%
http://money.cnn.com/2013/07/01/news/economy/corporate-tax-rate/
and several large corporates pay less
http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/03/20/1195554/-64-Major-U-S-Corporations-Only-Paid-8-1-in-Taxes
corporate tax in us, effective rate & share of GDP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporate_tax_in_the_United_States

tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax havens, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cloud Computing

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Cloud Computing
Date: 10 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#46 Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#47 Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#48 Cloud Computing

A CMOS implementation of the ESA/390 mainframe architecture (1991)
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/016560749190348W

The ESA/390 high-end CISC architecture has been implemented using a 1.0 um CMOS standard cell technology. The resulting 4 chip, 2.5 Mio, transistor microprocessor is used in IBM's 9221 line of midrange systems. This paper gives an overview of the technology used and a description of the implementation. The dataflow and pipelining scheme are described. Instructions of low complexity are executed RISC-like in a single cycle under full hardware-control, while complete-instructions are interpreted by microcode.

... snip ...

Z14 Tech guide ... it doesn't say how much is "pico-code" ... and how much is directly "executed"
http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/redbooks/pdfs/sg248451.pdf

MIPS benchmark based on number of iterations compared to 370/158-3 assumed to be one MIP processor. z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000 z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003 z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005 z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008 z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010 EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012 z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015 z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017

note, z196 documents claimed that more than half improvement in per processor throughput from z10 to z196 was introduction of out-of-order execution and other techniques to help mask cache miss latency and have been in other platforms for decades.

Since before the turn of the century, I86 chips have been doing a hardware layer that translates I86 instructions into one or risc micro-ops for actual execution (i.e. I86 instruction enters the layer and spits out the equivalent risc micro-ops for actual execution), also doing out-of-order execution, branch prediction, speculative execution and hyperthreading.

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

1980, STL was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people from IMS group to offsite bldg with dataprocessing service back to STL datacenter. They had tried "remote 3270" and found the human factors totally unacceptable. I get con'ed into do channel-extender support placing local channel attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg ... with no observable difference between 3270 terminals with channel attach controllers in STL and at offsite bldg. The hardware vendor asks IBM to let them ship my support. There is group in POK playing with some serial stuff and they were afraid if the support is available, it will make if more difficult getting their stuff release ... and they get it vetoed.

In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they are playing with, which quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (FCS, starting with 1gbit full-duplex, 2gbit or 200mbytes aggregate), including some stuff that I had done in 1980. Then POK gets there stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON, when it is already obsolete (about 17mbytes/sec). Later some POK engineers start playing in FCS and define a heavy-weight protocol that dramatically reduces the native throughput, which is eventually released as FICON.

Latest published "peak I/O" benchmark I've seen is for z196, getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS). About the same time there was an FCS announced for E5-2600 blades claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS having higher throughput than 104 FICON). Note E5-2600 models at the time benchmarked between 400BIPS and 530BIPS (aka ten times max configured z196, again #interations compared to 370/158-3) ... since then standard blade benchmarks have maintained at least ten times processing that of max. configured mainframe.

Note that E5-2600 blades were common commodity use in cloud megadatacenters at the time, a large cloud operator having a dozen or more megadatacenters around the world with each megadatacenter with half million or more such E5-2600 blades (and constantly being upgraded). At the time IBM had base list price for E5-2600 blades of $1815 (before selling off the business) ... and cloud vendors claiming they assemble their own blades at 1/3rd brand name, @$605 (compared to max configured Z at $30M). Single cloud megadatacenter, 500,000 500BIP 2010 E5-2600 blades, aggregate 250,000,000BIPS or equivalent of five million max configured z196 (@$30M)

a few other recent cloud posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#1 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#2 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#3 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros

channel-extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FCS &/or FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon
megadatacenter postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 370

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 370
Date: 11 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
303x channel director was 158 engine running integrated channel microcode and no 370 microcode. 3031 was two 158 engines one with just 370 microcode and one with just integrated channel microcode.. 3032 was 168-3 hacked to use 303x channel director as external channels. 3033 started out 168-3 logic redone to 20% faster chips.

Note 158 integrated channels were much slower than 168 external hardware channels. I could do channel programs on 168 that didn't work on 3033 (or 3081) 303x channel director was 158 engine running integrated channel microcode and no 370 microcode. 3031 was two 158 engines one with just 370 microcode and one with just integrated microcode.. 3032 was 168-3 hacked to use 303x channel director as external channels. 3033 started out 168-3 logic redone to 20% faster chips.

some additional 3033 & 3081 info in this article on Future System
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

165 microcode executed 370 instructions at an avg of 2.1 machine cycles per 370 instruction. 168 microcode optimization got it down to avg 1.6 machine cycles per 370 instruction. Further optimization for 3033 got down to nearly one machine cycle per 370 ... so 3033 was about 1.5 times thruput of 168. Note 158 integrated channels were much slower than 168 external hardware channels. I could do channel programs on 168 (& 4341) that didn't work on 3033 (or 3081)

360/370 microcode
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360mcode

165/168/3033 machine cycles per 370 instruction posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#3 What is an IBM 137/148 ???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#116 IBM S/360 microcode (was Re: CPU taxonomy (misunderstood RISC))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#61 "all-out" vs less aggressive designs (was: Re: 36 to 32 bit transition)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#48 Microcode?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#23 Tweaking old computers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#56 ECPS:VM DISPx instructions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#37 S/360 undocumented instructions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#59 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#43 POWER6 on zSeries?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#67 Non-Standard Mainframe Language?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#57 Fwd: Linux zSeries questions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#3 "Portable" data centers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#74 z millicode: where does it reside?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#22 Indirect Bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#36 390 vector instruction set reuse, was 8-bit bytes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#59 Was MVS/SE designed to confound Amdahl?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#32 REFRPROT History Question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#97 IBM ACS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#70 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#33 Univac 90 series info posted on bitsavers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#99 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#111 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#44 John Titor was right? IBM 5100
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#90 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#86 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#46 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#9 IBM 360/85

other posts mentioning 303x channel director
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#74 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#50 Mainframes after Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#81 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#3 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#35 Mainframe Family tree and chronology 2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#62 64 bit addressing into the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#20 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#18 Old word processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#80 z/VM Live Guest Relocation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#91 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#0 IBM's 3033
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#63 instruction clock speed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#76 How many years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#70 2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#107 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#146 Water-cooled 360s?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#2 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 370

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 370
Date: 11 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#56 IBM 370

Jan1979 I was con'ed into doing 4341 benchmarks (on engineering 4341 with slowed down processor clock) for national lab (looking at getting 70 4341s for cluster compute farm ... sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami) ... originally from CDC6600 fortran in the 60s. Note small cluster of 4341s had higher aggregate throughput, smaller footprint, much cheaper, and less environmentals than 3033.
158-3 44.80 secs 3031 36.89 secs 4341 36.41 secs 6600 35.77 secs (cdc from 60s) 168-3 9.79 secs

note 3031 is the 158-3 with just the 370 instruction microcode and no integrated channel microcode, resulted in increased throughput (by adding second 158-3 engine dedicated to integrated channel microcode).

National lab benchmark posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#32 mainframe question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#12 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#19 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#21 moving on
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#32 I/O in Emulated Mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#37 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#65 Comparing YOUR Computer with Supercomputers of the Past
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#40 IBM Watson's Ancestors: A Look at Supercomputers of the Past
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#76 DG Fountainhead vs IBM Future Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#35 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#41 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#46 Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#2 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#49 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#87 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#62 64 bit addressing into the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#63 64 bit addressing into the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#20 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#47 When did the home computer die?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#49 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#42 Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cloud Computing

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Cloud Computing
Date: 11 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#46 Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#47 Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#48 Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#55 Cloud Computing

cache miss/memory latency trivia: memory access latency (on cache miss) when measured in count of processor cycles is similar the elapsed time for 60s disk I/O when measured in count of 60s processor cycles ... thus the increasing use of techniques for overlapping other work while waiting for memory access to finish (out-of-order execution, speculative execution, hyperthreading, etc).

past posts comparing current memory access latency and 60s disk i/o
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#20 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#76 LPARs: More or Less?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#29 X86 server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#103 CPU time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#2 Demonstrating Moore's law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#51 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#5 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#106 [CM] How ENIAC was rescued from the scrap heap
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#39 Virtual Memory Management
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#101 This new 'skyscraper' chip could make computers run 1,000 times faster
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#27 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#68 Raspberry Pi 3?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#36 z/OS Operating System size
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#91 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#92 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#98 A Christmassy PL/I tale
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#13 follow up to dense code definition
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#48 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#101 SEX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#46 Temporary Data Sets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#11 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#12 IBM mainframe today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#63 IBM 3330 & 3380
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#102 MIPS chart for all IBM hardware model

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW2 Strategic Bombing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: WW2 Strategic Bombing
Date: 11 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Justification claims for high-altitude strategic bombing was it could win the war in Europe w/o even having to invade. One third of all US WW2 spending went to high-altitude strategic bombing ... so they needed something to show for all that money. When they weren't getting the results they need from industrial and military strategic bombing, they switch to fire-bombing cities. McNamara was on LaMay's staff planning fire-bombing of German and Japanese cities.

The Marshall Plan: Dawn of the Cold War
https://www.amazon.com/Marshall-Plan-Dawn-Cold-War-ebook/dp/B074ZPB3Y1/
pg357/loc6504-8:
By 1948, Germany had emerged from pariah status in the United States to become the fulcrum of the Marshall Plan. During the war, the country expanded its industrial capacity dramatically—an average of 3.36 billion reichsmarks' worth per year ($1.34 billion, or $19.9 billion in today's money) from 1940 to 1945. 69 After the war, the western Allies were surprised to find that, in spite of the enormous damage done to the German housing stock, only about 18 percent of industrial capacity had been destroyed by bombing.

... snip ...

It was almost impossible to hit an industry and military targets from 5-6 miles up (even "carpet bombing" only helped with destroying 18% of industrial capacity).

John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

... and part of horrific fighting on Omaha beach (from US army war college, free PDF)
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/2011/pubs/the-european-campaign-its-origins-and-conduct/
loc2582-85:
The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.

... snip ...

covers a lot of Soviets in WW2, including Manchuria (after Germans had been defeated) "free pdf"
https://history.army.mil/html/books/070/70-89-1/index.html
kindle
https://www.amazon.com/HISTORICAL-PERSPECTIVES-OPERATIONAL-ART-ANTHOLOGY-ebook/dp/B0086W3GX2/

detailed study of D-day and invasion of france, Sand and Steel, Germany was so depleted by D-day that military made up of teenagers, seniors, and recuperating wounded (from eastern front) using horses for transport,
https://www.amazon.com/Sand-Steel-Invasion-Liberation-France-ebook/dp/B07PPVG8HG/
pg38/loc1415-18:
It still comes as a surprise to many that the German Army in Normandy was predominantly horse-drawn. When Second Lieutenant Bob Sheehan of the US 60th Chemical Company (an outfit responsible for smoke weapons) breasted a rise over the dunes of Omaha on 7 June, he saw 'a mind-shattering sight that convinced me the war was as good as won. It was a dead horse. The poor animal was still attached to the wagon it had been pulling.

pg39/loc1421-24:
We have already noted that 115,000 of them were assigned to OB West, with exactly 33,739 on the books of the Seventh Army on 1 March 1944, and another ten thousand arriving by 1 June. 60 These numbers came as a shock to Rommel, who, of course, had commanded the 7th Panzer Division in 1940 and the Afrika Korps in 1941-3, neither of which used horses.

pg47/loc1600-1604:
The stature of the Nazi war machine, forged in North Africa, Italy and on the Eastern Front, was still feared in 1944, though demonstrably hollowed out. It also helped Berlin that the Western Allies, particularly the 21st Army Group, were also excessively cautious, which played to the German inclination - despite their convoluted command - of tactical speed of reaction. Finally, it also suited many Allied commanders after the war to talk up the prowess of their opponents, making the achievement of subduing them all the greater.

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

posts mentioning strategic bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#91 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#33 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#34 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#53 Dunkirk
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#21 Norden bombsight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#89 The US destroyed Tokyo 73 years ago in the deadliest air raid in history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#22 Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#66 off topic 1952 B-52 ad
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#101 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#70 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#45 Sand and Steel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#79 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945

other posts mentioning Sand & Steel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#91 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#15 Scientist, war hero and gay icon Alan Turing is new face of the GBP50 note
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#93 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#73 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#16 Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Loathed Lean?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#19 When Nazis Took Manhattan

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Hardest Problem(s)

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Hardest Problem(s)
Date: 12 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#51 IBM Hardest Problem(s)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#52 IBM Hardest Problem(s)

There use to be joke that I worked four shift weeks ... 1st shift split between bldg28/sjr and bldg29/LSG VLSI group, 2nd shift bldg14&15 (disk engineering and product test), 3shift STL, and 4th shift (weekends) up at HONE in palo alto, spare time wandering around other locations in silicon valley.

I eventually got blamed for producing system for bldg14/15 so that they could run any amount of on-demand concurrent test (at a time when they had tried MVS and it had 15min mean-time-between-failure requiring manual reipl) and blamed for why HONE couldn't convert to MVS (because the system I provided HONE had so many enhanced features).

getting to play disk engineer in 14/15 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
HONE (&/or APL) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
getting con'ed into doing channel-extender support
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

past posts mentioning four shift weeks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#49 S/360 IPL from 7 track tape
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#21 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#62 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#22 Military Time?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#55 Capacity and Relational Database
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#57 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#9 Obfuscation was: Definition of file spec in commands
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#68 My Vintage Dream PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#54 another item related to ASCII vs. EBCDIC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#84 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#10 Documenting the underlying FBA design of 3375, 3380 and 3390?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#18 Old EMAIL Index
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#83 IBM Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#84 Where are all the old tech workers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#39 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#42 Oh hum, it's the 60s and 70's all over again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#88 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#74 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#32 Work long hours (Was Re: Pissing contest(s))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#21 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#7 You can make your workplace 'happy'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#86 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#23 IBM Profs

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Google: US-EU tech trade is 'fraying' and we need a new council to save it

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Google: US-EU tech trade is 'fraying' and we need a new council to save it
Date: 12 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Google: US-EU tech trade is 'fraying' and we need a new council to save it. Google is worried that an "explosion in national policies" is harming technology trade between the US and Europe, and considers the threat greater than the trade dispute between the US and China.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/google-us-eu-tech-trade-is-fraying-and-we-need-a-new-council-to-save-it/

Recently read: The Marshall Plan: Dawn of the Cold War ... lots of it is about how to form a viable trading block out of Europe ... most of the book is about the endless negotiations and difficulties trying to get the individual EU countries to cooperate (even when it was in their best interest).
https://www.amazon.com/Marshall-Plan-Dawn-Cold-War-ebook/dp/B074ZPB3Y1/

posts mentioning marshall plan:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#9 The Pankian Metaphor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#10 The Pankian Metaphor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#83 Education ranking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#29 What Makes sorting so cool?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#9 Buying Victory: Money as a Weapon on the Battlefields of Today and Tomorrow
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#21 History Has Never Deterred the U.S. Military
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#29 The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#59 WW2 Strategic Bombing

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Comanche Empire

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Comanche Empire
Date: 12 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Rise And Fall Of The Comanche 'Empire'
https://www.npr.org/2011/05/20/136438816/the-rise-and-fall-of-the-comanche-empire

Comanche Empire
https://www.amazon.com/Comanche-Empire-Lamar-Western-History-ebook/dp/B001HZZ05C/

In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, a Native American empire rose to dominate the fiercely contested lands of the American Southwest, the southern Great Plains, and northern Mexico. This powerful empire, built by the Comanche Indians, eclipsed its various European rivals in military prowess, political prestige, economic power, commercial reach, and cultural influence. Yet, until now, the Comanche empire has gone unrecognized in American history.

... snip ...

Comanche
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comanche
The Comanche became the dominant tribe on the southern Great Plains in the 18th and 19th centuries. They are often characterized as "Lords of the Plains" and they presided over a large area called Comancheria, which came to include large portions of present-day Texas, Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Kansas. Comanche power depended on bison, horses, trading, and raiding. The Comanche hunted the bison of the Great Plains for food and skins; their adoption of the horse from Spanish colonists in New Mexico made them more mobile; they traded with the Spanish, French, Americans and neighboring Native-American peoples; and (most famously) they waged war on and raided European settlements as well as other Native Americans.[4] They took captives from weaker tribes during warfare, using them as slaves or selling them to the Spanish and (later) Mexican settlers. They also took thousands of captives from the Spanish, Mexican, and American settlers and incorporated them into Comanche society.[5]

loc4690-93:
When planning Comanche campaigns, the U.S. Army was able to draw on its rapidly accumulating experience in fighting the Plains Indians. The Lakota wars had revealed that regular soldiers, although armed with Colt revolvers and Winchester repeating rifles, were a poor match for the highly motivated and mobile Indian warriors

loc4695-99:
Short of troops and wary of open battles, the army set out to deprive the Comanches of shelter and sustenance by destroying their winter camps, food supplies, and horse herds. By the early 1870s this kind of total warfare against entire populations was an established practice in the U.S. Army.

... snip ...

... aka "genocide", Generals South, Generals North: The Commanders of the Civil War Reconsidered
https://www.amazon.com/Generals-South-North-Commanders-Reconsidered-ebook/dp/B012A1WML6/
loc6085-88:
Despite the mixed results of his approach to cavalry and the moral ambiguity (in the Indian Wars verging on genocide) of his policy of waging war on civilians, it cannot be denied that Sheridan was a superb leader of troops, a fine tactician, and an aggressive fighter, who was especially effective in forcing Lee to surrender his Army of Northern Virginia in the closing weeks of the Civil War.

... snip ...

Plains Indians
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plains_Indians
In 1874, President Ulysses S. Grant "pocket vetoed" a Federal bill to protect the dwindling bison herds, and in 1875 General Philip Sheridan pleaded to a joint session of Congress to slaughter the herds, to deprive the Plains Indians of their source of food.[27]

... snip ...

Comanche Formation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comanche#Formation
The Proto-Comanche movement to the Plains was part of the larger phenomenon known as the "Shoshonean Expansion" in which that language family spread across the Great Basin and across the mountains into Wyoming. The Kotsoteka ('Buffalo Eaters') were probably among the first. Other groups followed. Contact with the Shoshones of Wyoming was maintained until the 1830s when it was broken by the advancing Cheyennes and Arapahoes.

... snip ...

previous posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#14 1970--protesters seize computer center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#44 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#45 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#48 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#92 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#79 60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#25 Hamilton and "Fake News"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#10 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#40 Equality: The Impossible Quest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#45 Debate Over Ken Burns Civil War Doc Continues Over Decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#68 The true story behind Thanksgiving is a bloody struggle that decimated the population and ended with a head on a stick
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#83 people's heights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#95 More Immigration
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#40 Indian Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Comanche Empire

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Comanche Empire
Date: 12 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#62 Comanche Empire

... account by a relative about my father's grandmother

Her father was a doctor and she was his assistant even when he did amputation for soldiers. So when she married and came out west to Sheridan Wyoming, she was the only person with any medical background in the whole territory. She was constantly being called when the ranchers had any medical problems she also delivered a lot of babies. My mother was born on a ranch in Sheridan and one morning they woke up the pasture land there were many Indian tepees set up. My mother said it was the Crow Indians with Chief Plenticoups who's tribe was sick and dying from either chicken pox or measles. Our great grandmother built two big bonfires and put big black iron kettles over the fire and she had them boiled all the clothing and blankets in a hot water to kill the germs and the other one had a chicken soup in it. She had the Indian women feeding the soup to the ill. Later on they came back and adopted my grandmother and my mother and her mother into the tribe.

... snip ...

Plenty Coups
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plenty_Coups

past ref:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#44 Rep. Cheney Accuses Tribes of "Destroying our Western Way of Life" Over Sacred Grizzly Protections

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Money Laundering

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Money Laundering
Date: 13 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
The war against money-laundering is being lost. The global system for financial crime is hugely expensive and largely ineffective
https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/2021/04/12/the-war-against-money-laundering-is-being-lost
YET ANOTHER bank is preparing to face the music over alleged failings in its efforts to curb flows of dirty money. In the coming weeks NatWest, one of Britain's largest lenders, is set to appear in court in London to respond to charges that it failed to properly scrutinise a gold-dealing client that deposited 365m ($502m) with the bank--264m of it in cash.

... snip ...

money laundering posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Apple, Amazon and Google slam 'discriminatory' voting restriction laws

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Apple, Amazon and Google slam 'discriminatory' voting restriction laws
Date: 14 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Apple, Amazon and Google slam 'discriminatory' voting restriction laws. Hundreds of CEOs and companies signed a statement that ran in The New York Times and The Washington Post.
https://www.cnet.com/news/apple-amazon-and-google-slam-discriminatory-voting-restriction-laws/

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#7 The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning

Georgia Republicans want to reshape voting laws, burdening voters of color
https://publicintegrity.org/politics/elections/ballotboxbarriers/georgia-voting-republicans-reshape-laws-voters-of-color/
Why Corporate America Opposes Voter Suppression
https://www.forbes.com/sites/michaelposner/2021/04/14/why-corporate-america-opposes-voter-suppression/?ss=leadership-strategy
Voter Suppression Efforts in Georgia Are Escalating
https://www.brennancenter.org/our-work/research-reports/voter-suppression-efforts-georgia-are-escalating
How Voting Laws Suppress the 'New South'. GOP-backed proposals to restrict voting are steadily gaining traction across the Sun Belt, aiming to slow the effects of ongoing demographic shifts that favor Democrats.
https://www.usnews.com/news/the-report/articles/2021-04-09/how-voting-laws-suppress-the-new-south
Voting Fight Signals a Rupture Between Big Business and the GOP
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-04-07/corporate-america-enters-politics-splits-with-gop-on-voter-suppression
How Republicans are trying to prevent people from voting after 'stop the steal'
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/apr/07/republican-voter-suppression-policy-stop-the-steal
Trump Adviser Caught on Tape Discussing 'Aggressive' Voter Suppression in 2020. "Let's start playing offense a little bit. That's what you're going to see in 2020. It's going to be a much bigger program, a much more aggressive program, a much better-funded program," Justin Clark said
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/trump-adviser-voter-suppression-in-2020-930453/

... note senior republican operative behind much of the state gerrymandering, voter suppression, voter roll "cleaning", and polling stations shutdowns in minority districts ... kept telling everybody not to keep any records of what they were doing because much of it was illegal. He then suddenly dies and eventually all his effects go to his daughter, who he had been estranged from for several years. She finds that he hadn't followed his own advice and had kept detailed records ... which she turns over to the FBI. "GOP Racial Gerrymandering Mastermind Participated in Redistricting in More States Than Previously Known, Files Reveal"
https://theintercept.com/2019/09/23/gerrymandering-gop-west-virginia-florida-alabama/
The Secret Files of the Master of Modern Republican Gerrymandering
https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/the-secret-files-of-the-master-of-modern-republican-gerrymandering
How to Get Away With Gerrymandering. A leaked audio recording reveals how state lawmakers are taught to trash evidence, avoid the word gerrymander, and create an appearance of bipartisanship.
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2019/10/alec-meeting-gerrymandering-audio-recording.html
"Worth This Investment": Memos Reveal the Scope and Racial Animus of GOP Gerrymandering Ambitions
https://theintercept.com/2019/09/27/gerrymandering-gop-hofeller-memos/

The Republicans' demographic trap. Republicans are sitting on a demographic time bomb of their own making, and it could send them into a tailspin.
https://www.bostonglobe.com/2020/07/27/opinion/republicans-demographic-trap/
Republicans are sitting on a demographic time bomb of their own making, and it could send them into a tailspin. Although the politics of division that Republicans have pursued since Richard Nixon launched his "Southern strategy" in the late 1960s -- a blueprint to shore up the vote of white Southerners by appealing to racial bias -- has brought new groups into their ranks, including conservative Southerners, evangelical Christians, and working-class whites, it has antagonized other groups.

... snip ...

Retiring GOP operative Mac Stipanovich says Trump 'sensed the rot' in Republican party and took control of it
https://www.orlandosentinel.com/politics/os-ne-mac-stipanovich-republican-20191224-tz7bjps56jazbcwb3ficlnacqa-story.html
As for the party, Trump hasn't transformed the party, in my judgment, as much as he has unmasked it. There was always a minority in the Republican party -- 25, 30 percent -- that, how shall we say this, that hailed extreme views, aberrant views. They've always been there, from the John Birchers in the '50s, who thought Dwight Eisenhower was a communist, to the Trump folks today who think John McCain's a traitor. They had different names -- the religious right, tea partiers -- but they've always been there. They were a fairly consistent, fairly manageable minority who we, the establishment, enabled and exploited.

... snip ...

White Supremacists Are Invading American Cities To Incite a Civil War
https://washingtonmonthly.com/2020/08/30/white-supremacists-are-invading-american-cities-to-incite-a-civil-war/
For the last two decades at least, Democrats have labored under the notion that if they were just reasonable enough, they could heal sharpening political divides in America. Meanwhile, Republicans spent the same time period inflaming every cultural resentment they could, maximizing racist, sexist and homophobic resentments among primarily white men. Republicans worked overtime to try to set urban and exurban populations against one another, disempowering and disenfranchising city dwellers through gerrymandering and voter suppression.

... snip ...

Voter Suppression Is Warping Democracy. A new survey from The Atlantic and the Public Religion Research Institute shows that black and Hispanic citizens are more likely than whites to face barriers at the polls--and to fear the future erosion of their basic political rights. (july2018)
https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2018/07/poll-prri-voter-suppression/565355/
Voter suppression almost certainly helped Donald Trump win the presidency. Multiple academic studies and court rulings indicate that racially biased election laws, such as voter-ID legislation in places like Wisconsin, favored Republican candidates in 2016. Like most other elections in American history, this one wasn't a fair fight.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM CEO Story

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM CEO Story
Date: 14 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Working at CSC and SJR, I still spent some amount of time visiting customers and attending IBM mainframe user group meetings. In the mid-70s, the executive responsible for one of the largest financial datacenters on the east coast liked me to periodically drop in and talk technology (it was during the FS period, which I would periodically ridicule, while I continued to do 360/370 stuff).

During FS (which was going to completely replace 370) period, 370 efforts were being shutdown and the lack of new 370 products during the period is credited with giving mainframe clone makers a market foothold. The branch manager did something that horribly offended the customer and in retaliation, they announced they were ordering an Amdahl system (it would be a lonely Amdahl in vast sea of IBM "blue").

It came down through management that I was being ordered to go spend 6-12 months at the customer to help obfuscate why the customer was ordering an Amdahl system (make it look somehow like technical issues were involved). Note Amdahl and other clone makers had been selling into the technical/scientific/university market, but this would be the first in the true-blue commerical IBM market. I talked it over with the customer who said they wouldn't mind me idling way the months at their location, but it wouldn't stop their Amdahl order. I was then told that the branch manager was good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO ... and if I didn't do this, I could forget promotions and career at IBM. I didn't, I also stopped wearing the IBM uniform and grew a beard. Customers seem to even prefer it, supposedly it helped differentiate me from the hordes of "empty suit" IBMers.

from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993
http://www.amazon.com/Computer-Wars-The-Post-IBM-World/dp/1587981394
.... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with SYNCOPHANCY and MAKE NO WAVES under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

... another side effect, middle management and lower level executives learned to carefully manage the flow of information up. Other FS info (with some reference to demise of FS, and getting stuff back into 370 product pipeline, quick&dirty 303x and 3081 efforts kicked off in parallel)
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
IBM downfall/downturn posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

past posts mentioning IBM CEO good sailing buddy:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#22 Teletypewriter Model 33
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#52 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#41 1976 vs. 2016?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#95 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#86 Computer/IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#92 An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#27 Software Delivery on Tape to be Discontinued
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#6 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#27 Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#68 IBM Suits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#138 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#8 IBM CEOs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#39 IBM Tech
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#52 Amdahl Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#82 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#37 Some CP67, Future System and other history

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
Date: 14 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War *****
https://www.amazon.com/OSS-China-Prelude-Cold-War-ebook/dp/B00DY0OLNK/

I've read Miles "A Different Kind of War"
https://www.amazon.com/Different-Kind-War-Guerrilla-Forces/dp/B000NTNH8U/
pg587:
Fleat Admiral Leahy to Miles: "Your go out and sink the guys that sold China down the river". ... snip ...

In the past, I've periodically characterized the first half of Miles' book about being sent to China to set up the coast watchers which quickly expanded into lots of other activities ... and the 2nd half of the book, about how OSS (Donovan & precursor to CIA), British, factions of the US Army and others gave China to the Communists.

... OSS in China ...

loc128-32:
If writing a general history of OSS was difficult, writing the China story of OSS was almost impossible.

loc158-61:
Moreover, federal agencies closed many of the essential archives and personal papers on OSS, often not for national security reasons but to protect individuals from accusations and attacks. By the same token, many archives have been only partially opened to the public and have been excessively sanitized. Even the presidential libraries have not been exempt.

... part of OSS problems in China was their close association with the British, who were interested in preserving the British Empire after the war and strong, unified China was not in their interest, British weren't interested in fighting the Japanese and were working with the communists against the nationalist as part of weakening the nationalists (the communists were also cooperating with the Japanese and their puppet governments) ...

pg51/loc1443-47:
Churchill's strategy was to drag Roosevelt away from any intimate alliance with Chiang Kai-shek lest China emerge from the war victorious and strong enough to threaten Britain's colonial empire. On 10 December 1941, three days after the Pearl Harbor attack, Chiang Kai-shek had proposed to Roosevelt the formation of an ABCD alliance (America, Britain, China, and the Dutch). Days later, Churchill flew to Washington and presented Roosevelt with a counter proposal for an ABDA alliance (America, Britain, the Netherlands, and Australia), specifically excluding China.

pg58/loc1587-90:
The Tai Li–Miles match in Chungking sent a shock wave throughout the foreign intelligence communities in China. Particularly bitter about Miles's impressive success in linking with Tai Li's vast intelligence empire were the British. General Sir Adrian Carton de Wiart, Churchill's private representative to Chiang Kai-shek, declared Miles to be "Britain's public enemy number one in the Far East."

pg65/loc1717-20:
For Chiang Kai-shek and Stilwell, Burma was vital to China's resistance against Japan. But the British, who had their long-term colonial interest at stake in Asia, deliberately sabotaged U.S. and Chinese efforts to control Burma. Even the pro-British McHugh angrily reported to Washington that "the British deliberately lost Burma to Japs to weaken China."

pg70/loc1836-38:
Donovan was preoccupied with other things. First, he was still strenuously fighting for the survival of his Dragon Plan in the Joint Psychological Warfare Committee in Washington. Second, his approach to secret intelligence in China was completely dominated by British thinking.

pg108/loc2653-55:
In late April 1943, the Phillips mission came back to the United States and presented Roosevelt a devastating report about the colonial policy of the British in India, their peculiar intransigence toward the Indian nationalist movement led by Gandhi, and their unwillingness to fight Japan.

pg163/loc3849-53:
What was even more alarming to Chiang Kai-shek vis-à-vis India was the fact that the British used India as their home base to join hands with Communist intelligence agents and then conducted subversive operations in Guilin and Guangxi provinces to overthrow the central authority in Chungking. Starting in spring 1944, Communist intelligence was trying to instigate one of Chiang Kai-shek's subordinates, Marshall Li Jishen (Li Chishen), governor of Guangxi, to rebel against the KMT government. Stilwell's headquarters closely watched this development and was reticent to intervene.

pg198/loc4556-58:
British Ambassador personally suggested to me that a strong unified China would be dangerous to the world and certainly would jeopardize the white man's position immediately in Far East and ultimately throughout the world."

... OSS and the communists ...

pg167/loc3926-30:
Thus OSS began a large intelligence enterprise in cooperating with the Chinese Communists. In the months that followed, large amounts of OSS American radio equipment were flown to Yenan. By 25 April 1945, when OSS became completely independent of the army in operating the YENSIG 4 project, a total of fourteen thousand pounds of lightweight radio sets and parts had been flown to the Communists; fifty-eight thousand more pounds were waiting to be transported. 88 Communists' material requests were so demanding that OSS subsequently had to designate an ordnance man, Willis Bird, the deputy director of OSS in China since fall 1944, to deal solely with Yenan.

pg167/loc3931-35:
Another item the Communists wanted from OSS was cash. As we have seen, OSS was known to have seemingly unlimited unvouched funds. Both the army and the navy had tried to take advantage of this. Yenan badly needed cash, despite its relatively self-reliant economy in the base areas. Yenan's need for American cash stemmed from a peculiar practice by the Communists: cash bribery of the puppet troops for weapons. It was known that Yenan's ultimate goal was not to defeat the Japanese, as all in China believed that Japan would be defeated sooner or later. The final showdown was to be with the Nationalists; this the Communists did not hide.

pg167/loc3939-42:
For years, the Communists thrived on bribery. Partly for this purpose, Communist intelligence had established the Industrial Cooperative, which through its vast international network of support gathered and transferred an astonishing $20 million during a period of two and a half years to the Communist headquarters in Yenan. 90 The strategy achieved impressive results, bringing in large quantities of advanced Japanese-made weaponry.
... part of Miles success ...

pg68/loc1786-94:
In the rice paddy, an accommodation was reached between the Chinese secret police and the United States Navy, as Miles vividly described: General Tai showed no useless anger. He, too, was watching the circling bombers but he had other thoughts in mind. He turned presently toward Eddie Liu [the interpreter] and spoke to him in Chinese. He referred to me, and used my honorable new Chinese name which in this case, took the form of "Winter Plum Blossom Mister." "Tell Mei Shen-tung," he said, "that I would like to have him arm fifty thousand of my guerrillas and train them to fight the Japanese. Can he do it?" I thought I had heard that straight but I listened carefully while Eddie translated. This business of conversing in two languages gives convenient intervals for thinking.

... snip ...

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#47 WWII
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#55 WWII
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#60 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#81 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#56 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#57 About Unconventional warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#61 Bill Slim and WWII's Forgotten Army - One Of The Most Successful Commanders Of The War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#86 What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#94 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#50 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM
Date: 15 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM
https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/financenews/how-gerstner-rebuilt-ibm/vi-BB1cT1nF

AMEX was in competition with KKR for LBO (private-equity) take-over of RJR. KKR wins but runs into problems with RJR and hires away the president of AMEX to help.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM is being reorganized into the 13 "Baby Blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (gone behind paywall, but mostly living free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

we had left but get a call from bowels of Armonk asking if we could help with the breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other units, which would be in different corporations after the breakup. All these MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts (before we get started, new CEO is brought in and reverses the breakup).

Along the way (before the new CEO) we get email from former coworkers complaining that top executives weren't paying attention to running the business but totally focused on moving expenses from the following year to the current year. We ask our contact in Armonk. He says top executives (470? on executive bonus plan) won't get a bonus for the current year, but the way the bonus plan is written if they can move enough expenses from the following year, nudging it even slightly into the black, they will get a bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (aka, getting rewarded for having taken the company into the red).

Then IBM Board hires away the AMEX ex-president as CEO who reverses the breakup and uses some of the PE techniques used at RJR (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Also in 1992 AMEX spins off a lot of its dataprocessing and outsourcing business as First Data in the largest IPO up until that time. After leaving IBM, I do quite a bit of work at First Data ... and many of the executives had previously reported to Gerstner. One of their datacenters had over 40 max configured IBM mainframes (@$30M a pop, none older than 18m, constant rolling replacements), all running 450k statement Cobol program ... number of systems needed to finish batch settlement in the overnight window.

Gerstner then leaves IBM to head up another major PE company, Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy (including buying the company that will employ Snowden).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

trivia: turn of the century PE operations were buying up lots of government contractors and beltway bandits, hiring prominent politicians and lobbying congress to outsource Federal government to their companies. There are laws against companies using money from government contracts for lobbying ... but some how the money seems to be laundered when it is first pushed up to PE owners. PE operations put heavy pressure on their companies to cut corners and push as much money as possible up to their PE owners.

Also there is an analogy with house flipping with no down and 100% loan, except they put the mortgage on the bought company's books. They can even flip the company for much less than they paid and still walk away with boatloads of money since the "mortgage" goes with the sold company. The enormous increase in debt load accounts for over half the corporate defaults in the US. The funny thing is the enormous number of defaults never seem to affect the original (PE) borrower's credit rating.

... however PE owners also accelerated the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (more money from series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

... with the upswing in the outsourcing to gov. contractors and beltway bandits, including 70% of the intelligence budget and half the employees (article highlights PE operation of beltway bandits)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

trivia: FDC, after being spun off from AMEX in 1992 (in the largest IPO up until that time), 15yrs later, KKR (same company that had acquired RJR and hired away AMEX president to help with RJR) does a PE, LBO, reverse-IPO of FDC (in the largest LBO up until that time). The LBO loan on the company's books increases its debt by an order of magnitude.

IBM downfall/downturn posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
Gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
Success of Failure posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failuree

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
Date: 16 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#67 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

some amount of similarity between Lawrence in "Seven Pillars"
https://www.amazon.com/Seven-Pillars-Wisdom-T-Lawrence-ebook/dp/B092MHJZ8G/
embedded in local culture and having to deal with national colonial interests

Seven Pillars Revisited: The Myths and Misreadings of T.E. Lawrence
https://mwi.usma.edu/seven-pillars-revisited-the-myths-and-misreadings-of-t-e-lawrence/

and Miles in "A Different Kind of War"
https://www.amazon.com/Different-Kind-War-Guerrilla-Forces/dp/B000NTNH8U/
embedded in the local culture and having to deal with national colonial interests

In this case Americans under heavy British influence trying to preserve their far east colonial empire, "OSS in China"
https://www.amazon.com/OSS-China-Prelude-Cold-War-ebook/dp/B00DY0OLNK/

... note, my wife's father was command of combat engineering group in Europe during WW2, but after end of hostilities, refused further command in Europe (even when promised promotion to General). He was then posted to China as military advisor to Chiang Kai-shek (MAGIC, military advisory group in china) ... and brought his family over to live in Nanking.

recent posts mentioning military advisor to Chiang Kai-shek
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#94 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#42 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#30 The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China

MAGIC ID CARD


https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/idnanking.jpg

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
Date: 16 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#67 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#69 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

The traitor of Pearl Harbor
http://nypost.com/2012/05/27/the-traitor-of-pearl-harbor/
After the war, Sempill was decorated both by the Japanese and by the British -- the latter, supposedly, to further cover up his activities.

... snip ...

Churchill protected Scottish peer suspected of spying for Japan; Second World War: Government papers show prominent aristocrat was believed to be leaking naval secrets to Tokyo
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/churchill-protected-scottish-peer-suspected-of-spying-for-japan-1173730.html

... in light of Britain/Churchill wanting to weaken China (threat to their colonial empire)... discussed "OSS in China" ... how much of support for Japan was not just tolerated but sanctioned???

Lord Sempill
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Forbes-Sempill,_19th_Lord_Sempill

posts mentioning Sempill
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#72 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#49 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Comanche Empire

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Comanche Empire
Date: 16 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#62 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#63 Comanche Empire

Railroaded
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pg77/pg1984-86:
By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.

pg510/loc10030-33:
The result was not only unneeded railroads whose effects were as often bad as beneficial but also corruption of the markets and the government. The men who directed this capital were frequently not themselves capitalists. They were entrepreneurs who borrowed money or collected subsidies. These entrepreneurs did not invent the railroad, but they were inventing corporations, railroad systems, and new forms of competition. Those things yielded both personal wealth and social disasters

... snip ...

Ulysses S. Grant Launched an Illegal War Against the Plains Indians, Then Lied About It. The president promised peace with Indians -- and covertly hatched the plot that provoked one of the bloodiest conflicts in the West
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/ulysses-grant-launched-illegal-war-plains-indians-180960787/

some "Railroaded" posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#44 Corporations Are People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#144 PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Comanche Empire

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Comanche Empire
Date: 16 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#62 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#63 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#71 Comanche Empire

The Earth Is Weeping
https://www.amazon.com/Earth-Weeping-Story-Indian-American-ebook/dp/B01BAU2L2S/
pg277/loc4191-98:
On November 3, Grant held a secret meeting in the White House with a select few like-minded generals and civilian officials to map out a war plan. On that day, the Peace Policy breathed its last. Generals Sheridan and Crook were present; General Sherman was not. He had fallen out with Secretary of War William W. Belknap and moved his headquarters from Washington to St. Louis. It is doubtful that anyone regretted Sherman's absence; more scrupulous than Sheridan, he might have objected to a plan that he considered illegal or unethical. Also absent was the peace proponent General Terry, in whose department the non-treaty bands wintered. The hawkish and morally bankrupt secretary Belknap attended. So too did the anti-Indian secretary of the interior, Zachariah Chandler. It is a sad reflection of the moral cesspool into which the Grant administration had sunk that the first instance of real cooperation between the War Department and the Bureau of Indian Affairs involved the most egregious treachery ever contemplated by the government against the Plains Indians.

pg277/loc4199-4203:
The conferees agreed on a two-phase plan. The president's edict reaffirming Lakota ownership of the Black Hills would stand, but the army would no longer enforce it. If the Lakotas retaliated against white trespassers, so much the better. Hostilities would help legitimize the secret second phase of the operation. To wit, the non-treaty Lakotas were to be given an impossibly short deadline to report to their agencies; the Indian Bureau was to fabricate complaints against them; and General Sheridan would begin preparations for his favorite form of warfare: a winter campaign against unsuspecting Indian villages.

pg278/loc4207-11:
To prime the public for war, the government leaked an inflammatory report of a routine tour of the Dakota and Montana Indian agencies by an Indian Bureau inspector dated nine days after the secret White House conference. The report was a put-up job to suit the administration's secret purpose. The "wild and hostile bands of Sioux Indians," roared the inspector, "richly merit punishment for their incessant warfare, and their numerous murders of settlers and their families, or white men wherever found unarmed." The true policy, the bureau cat's-paw concluded, was to whip them into subjection, the sooner the better.

pg278/loc4215-16:
All appeared neatly in order to commence a war of naked aggression.

... snip ...

some past (President) Grant posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#12 For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#59 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#1 The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#44 Corporations Are People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#64 Capitalism as we know it is dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#82 Prying Open The Overton Window
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#144 PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#148 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Comanche Empire

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Comanche Empire
Date: 16 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#62 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#63 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#71 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#72 Comanche Empire

Chernow seems to spin the corruption & treachery as Grant not directly involved.
https://www.amazon.com/Grant-Ron-Chernow-ebook/dp/B06W2J89PV/
pg1050/loc18821-25:
THE LAST THING Grant needed after the Whiskey Ring scandal was more cabinet wrongdoing, but the bloodletting had not yet ceased. The tenure of Secretary of the Interior Columbus Delano had been shadowed by controversy. His department was rife with fraud, suffering from accusations of an "Indian Ring" of corrupt agents who exploited Native Americans. To worsen matters, his son was accused of blackmail and corruption in the Wyoming Territory. As charges against Delano mounted, Grant resisted pleas to sack him.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Comanche Empire

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Comanche Empire
Date: 17 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#62 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#63 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#71 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#72 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#73 Comanche Empire

Cozznes ("The Earth is Weeping")
https://www.amazon.com/Earth-Weeping-Story-Indian-American-ebook/dp/B01BAU2L2S/

... is a lot less sympathetic to Grant than Chernow ("Grant"), also a lot less sympathetic to Howard than Sharfstein ("Thunder in the Moutains: Chief Joseph, Oliver Otis Howard, and the Nez Perce Wars")

pg427/loc6415-18:
Miles was the lone voice of reason within the military establishment. Perversely obsessed, General Sherman insisted on punishing the Nez Perces. He rammed orders through the War and Interior Departments banishing them to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, where dozens succumbed to disease. From Kansas, they were shunted off to Indian Territory. Nearly every baby born there died.

ppg428/loc6423-27:
In 1885, the Interior Department resettled White Bird's and Looking Glass's peoples at Lapwai. Joseph and his band were shunted to the Colville Reservation in eastern Washington. For two decades, with Miles's assistance, Joseph continued his petitions to return to Idaho. Finally, in 1900, he was permitted to visit his father's grave. He tried to buy a track of land in the Wallowa valley, but the white residents refused to sell to him. Chief Joseph passed away on September 21, 1904. The Colville Agency physician said he died of a broken heart.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
Date: 18 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/04/18/the-innocence-of-early-capitalism-is-another-fantastical-myth/
My inspiration for this examination is my recent reading of John Perkins' Confessions of an Economic Hit Man. Mr. Perkins, for those not familiar with his book, provides a first-hand account of how the U.S. government employs debt, financial entanglements, bribes, threats and finally violence and assassinations of national leaders who won't place their economies and resources under the control of U.S.-based multi-national corporations. That is no surprise to anyone paying attention, but the book became an improbable best seller, meaning there must have been many eyes opened. That can only be a positive development.

... snip ...

Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
Five Examples of How Economic Hit Men Still Operate Globally Today
https://www.bkconnection.com/bkblog/jeevan-sivasubramaniam/five-examples-of-how-economic-hit-men-still-operate-globally-today
More Confessions of an Economic Hit Man: This Time, They're Coming for Your Democracy
https://www.yesmagazine.org/economy/2016/03/18/more-confessions-of-an-economic-hit-man-this-time-theyre-coming-for-your-democracy
"Resource Curse" is one of the things attracting EHM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resource_curse
New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
pg89/loc1598-1601:
I knew what none of them could possibly know, that the corporatocracy, its band of EHMs, and the jackals waiting in the background would never allow the little guys to gain control. I only had to draw upon the examples of Arbenz and Mossadegh--and more recently, upon the 1973 CIA overthrow of Chile's democratically elected president, Salvador Allende. In fact, I understood that the stranglehold of global empire was growing stronger, despite OPEC--or, as I suspected at the time but did not confirm until later, with OPEC's help.

... snip ...

Why Capitalism Is in Constant Conflict With Democracy
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2020/08/why-capitalism-is-in-constant-conflict-with-democracy.html
False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/
The pitchforks are coming if we don't reform capitalism, says Davos founder
https://www.fastcompany.com/90553471/the-pitchforks-are-coming-if-we-dont-reform-capitalism-says-davos-founder
With Deutsche Bank's help, an oligarch's buying spree trails ruin across the US heartland. Secret transactions, lost jobs, worker injuries, gutted buildings, unpaid bills: Ihor Kolomoisky's untold American legacy.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/fincen-files/with-deutsche-banks-help-an-oligarchs-buying-spree-trails-ruin-across-the-us-heartland/
FinCEN Files: Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren join watchdog groups in calling for banking reforms. The senators want tougher consequences for banks and their executives who move money linked to crime and corruption.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/fincen-files/fincen-files-bernie-sanders-and-elizabeth-warren-join-watchdog-groups-in-calling-for-banking-reforms/
3-Count Felon, JPMorgan Chase, Caught Laundering More Dirty Money
https://www.counterpunch.org/2020/09/22/3-count-felon-jpmorgan-chase-caught-laundering-more-dirty-money/
Capitalism Can't Be Repaired, Coronavirus Shows Its Huge Weaknesses
https://www.counterpunch.org/2020/04/27/capitalism-cant-be-repaired-coronavirus-shows-its-huge-weaknesses/

World Bank Grapples With Study Linking Foreign Aid to Corruption
https://www.occrp.org/en/daily/11665-world-bank-grapples-with-study-linking-foreign-aid-to-corruption
How World Bank Arbitrators Mugged Pakistan. Thanks to the World Bank's flawed and corrupt investment arbitration process, the rich are making a fortune at the expense of poor countries. The latest shakedown is a $5.9 billion award against Pakistan's government in favor of two global mining companies for an illegal project that was never approved or carried out.
https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/world-bank-corrupt-arbitration-ruling-against-pakistan-by-jeffrey-d-sachs-2019-11
Rondonization: World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
https://www.brasilwire.com/rondonization-world-bank-dictatorship-and-the-amazon/

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
money laundering posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

economic hit man and/or EHM "debt strategy" used against the American public (in the economic mess) posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#71 A question for the readership
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#73 A question for the readership
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#80 The men who crashed the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#111 Matt Taibbi with Xmas Message from the Rich
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#57 Study Confirms The Government Produces The Buggiest Software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#70 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#70 The Army and Special Forces: The Fantasy Continues
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#81 GBP13tn: hoard hidden from taxman by global elite
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#45 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#60 The IBM mainframe has been the backbone of most of the world's largest IT organizations for more than 48 years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#83 Protected: R.I.P. Containment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#2 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#95 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#98 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#7 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#25 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#69 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#62 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#66 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#4 Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#11 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#14 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#103 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#105 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#64 The World America Made
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#4 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#10 Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#56 Too Rich to Jail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#66 Economic Mess Prosecution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#113 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#15 TARP Funds and Noncompliant
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#56 Economic Mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#37 You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#83 Firefighting: The Financial Crisis and Its Lessons
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#38 Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#40 When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#29 The Coming Economic Crash -- And How to Stop It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#80 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#38 World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#74 Eric Holder is the Official Missing from Discussions of the Bidens' Ukrainian Efforts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
Date: 18 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth

Neoliberal Champion Larry Summers Opens Mouth, Inserts Both Feet. The former Harvard President and Treasury Secretary offers important thoughts on the negative consequences of aid to the less fortunate
https://taibbi.substack.com/p/neoliberal-champion-larry-summers

... then there is "Is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the Soviet Union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on looting the country (and the Russians needed a Russian to oppose US looting). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20130211131020/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

past posts mentioning "how harvard lost russia"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#98 Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#2 do you blame Harvard for Putin
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#32 Larry Summers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#79 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#70 Department of Defense Head Ashton Carter Enlists Silicon Valley to Transform the Military
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#91 Happy Dec-10 Day!!!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#16 1970--protesters seize computer center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#73 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#59 How Putin Weaponized Wikileaks to Influence the Election of an American President
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#105 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#92 The Lessons of Henry Kissinger
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#56 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#83 Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#65 View of Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#69 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#39 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#69 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#82 John Helmer: Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#50 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#75 Nassim Nicholas Taleb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#100 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#45 Why Finance Is Too Important to Leave to Larry Summers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#40 Has Privatization Benefitted the Public?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#132 Ukraine's Post-Independence Struggles, 1991 - 2019

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cancel the F-35, Fund Infrastructure Instead

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Cancel the F-35, Fund Infrastructure Instead
Date: 19 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Cancel the F-35, Fund Infrastructure Instead
https://bracingviews.com/2021/04/18/cancel-the-f-35-fund-infrastructure-instead/
When 60 Minutes reported on the F-35 in 2014, the plane was already seven years behind schedule and $163 billion over budget. Since then, it has weathered a series of setbacks and complications: Engines that are unreliable and in short supply. An ultra-expensive software system to maintain and repair the plane that doesn't work. Higher operating costs -- as much as 300% higher -- compared to previous planes like the F-16 or the A-10. An overly loud engine that creates a noise nuisance to nearby population centers. The list goes on, yet so, too, does the F-35 program.

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

some recent posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#51 The Not-So-Secret Way to Kill an F-22 or F-35 Stealth Fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#61 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#44 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#36 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#17 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#117 F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#2 FY18 budget deal yields life-sustaining new wings for the A-10 Warthog
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#19 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#68 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#74 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#76 Why the F-35 Isn't Good Enough for Japan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#109 JSF/F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#20 Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#52 Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#31 Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#118 Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#102 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#11 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#82 The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#0 THE PENTAGON'S FLYING FIASCO. Don't look now, but the F-35 is afterburnered toast

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
Date: 21 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#67 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#69 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#70 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

The Dragon's War, 1937-1947
https://www.amazon.com/Dragons-War-Allied-Operations-1937-1947-ebook/dp/B00DY0OLQC/
Chapter 3 THE FLYING TIGERS WITH SHARKS' TEETH

pg25/loc631-38:
"As senior instructor in fighter tactics, I plunged into the job of modernizing fighter techniques with the greatest enthusiasm. Wheeling heavy bombers around never held any attraction for me. I was a fighter pilot for as long as I could fly." 2 The problem was that virtually no other senior officers within the U.S. Army Air Corps agreed with Chennault. In his memoir, he bitterly ruminates on his dilemma: "It became apparent that, just as the Navy was dominated by the 'battleship admirals,' so the Air Corps would be run from the bias of 'bomber generals.' These bomber generals had an inflexible orthodoxy all their own and were just as ruthless and unfair in squelching opposition within the Air Corps as the Army and Navy were in attempting to smother the development of all airpower."

pg26/loc655-58:
The second contribution by Chennault to air tactics--the necessity for establishing an air-warning ground intelligence system--was even more significant, because it would become the major characteristic of Chennault's command throughout his military career. "Without a continuous stream of accurate information keeping the fighters posted on exactly where the high-speed bombers were," Chennault argues, "attempts at interception were like hunting needles in a limitless haystack."

pg38/loc937-40:
The Flying Tigers' victory became an instant morale booster throughout the Allied war camp. Two weeks after the Pearl Harbor attacks, when everywhere in Asia and the Pacific the Japanese were victorious over the Chinese, the Americans, the British, and the Dutch, Chennault's pilots had become the only beacon of victory and hope in the depressing post-Pearl Harbor malaise.

pg39/loc957-63:
But to Chennault, far more important was the fact that he had brilliantly proved the validity of his neglected and sometimes scorned fighter tactics that he had developed years before in the U.S. Army Air Corps. The fact that he had to prove his innovations in a war far away from his homeland in the service of a foreign leader was an unfortunate reality, but it was an even more biting indictment of the Army brass and their narrow-mindedness, dog-in-the-manger backwardness, and general fallacies about modern tactics and airpower. Yet, precisely because of this detachment from home and the officialdom of Washington, there was no doubt that Chennault's many former detractors became jealous and sour. No one wants to be proven wrong, but to be proven wrong by such a flashy personality as Chennault in such an open media arena with such a public display of chutzpah and high-decibel volume of cockiness is tantamount to unceremonious international humiliation.

pg41/loc998-1002:
Chennault was stunned by the Stilwell appointment, because he believed "Stilwell brought with him three things that served him ill during his difficult assignment in Asia: a strong prejudice against airpower, coupled with a faint suspicion of any weapon more complicated than a rifle and bayonet; a 'treaty port' attitude toward the Chinese, regarding them as inferiors incapable of managing their own affairs without foreign direction; and a complete disregard of the diplomatic facets of a top military post in a coalition war."

pg44/loc1060-66:
Chennault would never get his promises from Stilwell fulfilled, because the stubborn Army general was obsessed with his Burma campaign and saw airpower as at best a support element, at worst useless. Bissell would continue to become Stilwell's overall commander of airpower, suppressing Chennault's numerous ambitious plans to enhance the air elements of the war efforts. This "air vacuum" in China under Stilwell's command was finally changed for the better when President Roosevelt and Chiang Kai-shek directly intervened soon after the Casablanca Conference and got Chennault out of the zealous watch of Bissell to become the commander of a Kunming-based independent air force, with a presidential promotion to the rank of major general. Thus was born the legendary 14th Air Force.

pg45/loc1079-82:
Yet, the saga of the Flying Tigers from its inception to its untimely demise foretells a stormy wartime experience of military cooperation between China and foreign governments. Several months before his death in 1958, Chennault provided the best perspective on his time in China: "I always found the Chinese friendly and cooperative. The Japanese gave me a little trouble at times, but not very much. The British in Burma were quite difficult sometimes. But Washington gave me trouble night and day throughout the whole war!"

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

other Stilwell &/or Chennault refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#82 The Mind of War: John Boyd and American Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#38 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#22 Nixon and the war
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#56 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#61 Bill Slim and WWII's Forgotten Army - One Of The Most Successful Commanders Of The War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#64 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#35 Olympics opening ceremony
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#38 oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bernie Madoff Told the Truth About One Thing He exposed the financial system as only a crook could

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bernie Madoff Told the Truth About One Thing He exposed the financial system as only a crook could
Date: 21 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Bernie Madoff Told the Truth About One Thing He exposed the financial system as only a crook could.
https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2021/04/bernie-madoff-told-the-truth-about-one-thing.html
Bernie Madoff died today, and he leaves behind a legacy of financial wreckage that stretched around the globe. His Ponzi scheme was the largest in history, wiping out some $65 billion in gains, albeit paper gains. The longevity of his scheme -- decades -- was breathtaking. He was without a doubt one of the most accomplished liars in history. Yet perhaps it takes a con man to know how the system cons us all. And Madoff understood the financial system as only a financial crook can. One thing he was certain of: They all knew.

... snip ...

... note: in the congressional Madoff hearings, they had testimony from the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff

Madoff posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
Date: 21 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#67 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#69 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#70 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#78 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

Boyd had similar issues with the "bomber generals".

John Boyd - USAF. The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of Warfare
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm
Boyd was equally famous in the classroom where he developed the "Aerial Attack Study." Until Boyd came along, fighter pilots thought that air combat was an art rather than a science; that it could never be codified. Boyd proved them wrong when he demonstrated that for every maneuver there is a series of counter maneuvers. And there is a counter to every counter. Afterwards, when fighter pilots attacked (or were attacked), they knew every option open to their adversary and how to respond. After the study was declassified, foreign pilots passing through Nellis took it home where it changed the way every air force in the world flies and fights. Even today, more than 40 years later, nothing substantial has been added to the Aerial Attack Study.

... snip ...

USAF fought Boyd's invention of E-M Theory
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy-maneuverability_theory

Boyd had invented E/M theory and used it to redo the original F15 design, cutting weight nearly in half (original F15 design had swing-wing like F111, Boyd showed that the weight of the pivot for the swing-wing more than offset any swing-wing advantage). Then was responsible for YF16 & YF17 ... which becomes the F16 and F18.

Boyd would talk about building a much simpler F16 ... that was easier and faster to maintain (much lower cost, better MTBF, greater flying hrs per maint. hrs, aka at least ten times the planes in the air per dollar, between lower cost and greater flying time) ... which fit with the F20/tigershark. They realized that US wouldn't accept such a plane ... so they started targeting to export market. However, for every likely prospect, military-industrial(-congressional) complex (MIC) moved in and got directed appropriation USAID (could only spent purchasing F16s). The candidate countries would say the F20 was much better suited for their purposes ... but it would cost them money, where they could get F16 essentially for "free".

"John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel"
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"

... snip ...

As AI takes over more & more ... fighters will increasingly become autonomous vehicles with missiles. Already F16 are flown by computer. It had relaxed stability airframe that a pilot doesn't have reaction time to control directly. The stick provided the pilots intention and the computer figured out what needed to be done. How the F-16 Became the World's First Fly-By-Wire Combat Aircraft
http://www.f-16.net/articles_article13.html
relaxed stability
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relaxed_stability which required
computer controlled fly-by-wire (pilot provides intention, and computers decide how to do it).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly-by-wire

Tribute (in USNI Proceedings) to Boyd on his passing (here for those w/o subscription)
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

.... trivia: in my executive interview exit from IBM, I was told they could have forgiven you for being wrong, but they were never going to forgive you for being right.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Boyd posts & web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Humans solve problems by adding complexity, even when it's against our best interests

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Humans solve problems by adding complexity, even when it's against our best interests
Date: 21 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Humans solve problems by adding complexity, even when it's against our best interests. The study's findings are especially relevant in the realm of public policy, where the simplest solution is often the hardest to spot
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2021/04/16/bias-problem-solving-nature/

... KISS! ... periodically comment that complexity and snake oil may go together,

past posts mentioning KISS (and sometimes "snake oil")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#mcomfort Human Nature
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss1 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss2 Common misconceptions, was Re: KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp-00.txt))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss3 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss4 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss5 Common misconceptions, was Re: KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss6 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss7 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss8 KISS for PKIX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss9 KISS for PKIX .... password/digital signature
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss10 KISS for PKIX. (authentication/authorization seperation)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm5.htm#liex509 Lie in X.BlaBla...
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm7.htm#3dsecure 3D Secure Vulnerabilities?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm8.htm#softpki10 Software for PKI
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#boyd AN AGILITY-BASED OODA MODEL FOR THE e-COMMERCE/e-BUSINESS ENTERPRISE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#10 Federated Identity Management: Sorting out the possibilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#30 Proposal: A replacement for 3D Secure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#19 TCPA not virtualizable during ownership change (Re: Overcoming the potential downside of TCPA)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#54 TTPs & AADS Was: First Data Unit Says It's Untangling Authentication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#16 A challenge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#20 surrogate/agent addenda (long)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#19 Simple SSL/TLS - Some Questions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#20 Simple SSL/TLS - Some Questions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#21 Simple SSL/TLS - Some Questions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#39 FAQ: e-Signatures and Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#40 FAQ: e-Signatures and Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#1 FAQ: e-Signatures and Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#10 Difference between TCPA-Hardware and a smart card (was: example:secure computing kernel needed)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#12 Difference between TCPA-Hardware and a smart card (was: example: secure computing kernel needed)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#0 Difference between TCPA-Hardware and a smart card (was: example: secure computing kernel needed)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#41 Yahoo releases internet standard draft for using DNS as public key server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#60 Using crypto against Phishing, Spoofing and Spamming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#27 Citibank discloses private information to improve security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#1 Is there any future for smartcards?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#11 Payment Tokens
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#26 X.509 / PKI, PGP, and IBE Secure Email Technologies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#15 Apple to help Microsoft with "security neutrality"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#52 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#23 Identity resurges as a debate topic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#54 Security can only be message-based?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#64 How to crack RSA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#0 2007: year in review
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#11 Death of antivirus software imminent
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmail.htm#variations variations on your account-authority model (small clarification)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmail.htm#comfort AADS & X9.59 performance and algorithm key sizes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#gaping gaping holes in security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay7.htm#3dsecure4 3D Secure Vulnerabilities? Photo ID's and Payment Infrastructure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#76 Invisible Ink, E-signatures slow to broadly catch on (addenda)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#77 Invisible Ink, E-signatures slow to broadly catch on (addenda)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#73 Account Numbers. Was: Confusing Authentication and Identiification? (addenda)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#228 Attacks on a PKI
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#18 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#26 Can I create my own SSL key?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#1 Why is UNIX semi-immune to viral infection?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#3 SUNW at $8 good buy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#22 Infiniband's impact was Re: Intel's 64-bit strategy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#44 PDP-10 Archive migration plan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#59 Computer Naming Conventions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#15 Opinion on smartcard security requested
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#0 VAX, M68K complex instructions (was Re: Did Intel Bite Off MoreThan It Can Chew?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#1 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#26 Crazy idea: has it been done?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#29 Crazy idea: has it been done?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#62 subjective Q. - what's the most secure OS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#11 Serious vulnerablity in several common SSL implementations?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#43 how to build tamper-proof unix server?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#44 how to build tamper-proof unix server?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#20 A new e-commerce security proposal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#27 Root certificate definition
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#23 Cost of computing in 1958?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#60 MIDAS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#45 hyperblock drift, was filesystem structure (long warning)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#46 internal network drift (was filesystem structure)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#66 FBA suggestion was Re: "average" DASD Blocksize
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#14 OT: Attaining Perfection
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#42 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#33 MAD Programming Language
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#37 Cray to commercialize Red Storm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#26 Moribund TSO/E
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#26 The attack of the killer mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#30 The attack of the killer mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#58 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#60 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#24 |d|i|g|i|t|a|l| questions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#51 New Method for Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#50 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#10 The Soul of Barb's New Machine
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#12 The Soul of Barb's New Machine
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#22 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#19 Improving Authentication on the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#18 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#43 Security of Secret Algorithm encruption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#24 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#34 How To Abandon Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#40 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#8 IBM 610 workstation computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#38 PDP-1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#46 Musings on a holiday weekend
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#22 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#11 What part of z/OS is the OS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#10 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#70 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#29 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#30 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#5 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#7 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#25 Latest Principles of Operation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#26 Latest Principles of Operation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#12 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#13 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#61 more on (the new 40+ yr old) virtualization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#52 Any benefit to programming a RISC processor by hand?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#47 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#97 Is virtualization diminishing the importance of OS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#18 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#75 Outsourcing dilemma or debacle, you decide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#64 lack of information accuracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#55 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#74 Top 10 vulnerabilities for service orientated architecture?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#21 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#14 Can Smart Cards Reduce Payments Fraud and Identity Theft?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#19 Can Smart Cards Reduce Payments Fraud and Identity Theft?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#55 Can Smart Cards Reduce Payments Fraud and Identity Theft?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#65 Barbless
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#35 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#59 EU agency runs rule over ID cards for online banking logins
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#16 Why Coder Pay Isn't Proportional To Productivity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#7 "Unhackable" Infineon Chip Physically Cracked - PCWorld
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#34 "Unhackable" Infineon Chip Physically Cracked
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#38 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#66 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#75 Is Security a Curse for the Cloud Computing Industry?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#19 Virtualization: Making Seductive Promises a Reality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#82 CARD AUTHENTICATION TECHNOLOGY - Embedded keypad on Card - Is this the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#72 Orientation - does group input (or groups of data) make better decisions than one person can?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#23 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#14 How is SSL hopelessly broken? Let us count the ways
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#25 Fear the Internet, was Cool Things You Can Do in z/OS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#79 alignment, was History of byte addressing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#1 As Pressure Grows to Cut Spending, the True Cost of Weapons Is Anyone's Guess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#88 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#101 Perspectives: Looped back in
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#44 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Why Not Pick All Three?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#68 Memory versus processor speed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#47 Pirate Bay co-founder charged with hacking IBM mainframes, stealing money
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#66 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#90 A Drone Could Be the Ultimate Dogfighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#31 The Designer Of The F-15 Explains Just How Stupid The F-35 Is
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#14 Cyberspace KISS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#23 Young's Black Hat 2013 talk - was mainframe tribute song
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#47 PL/I advertising
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#86 E.R. Burroughs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#2 Boyd's briefings

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar
Date: 21 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar. This week: wondering about the logic of the document that sizes the U.S. defense budget; failing in Afghanistan; the Army's anti-protester ops over D.C. last June; and suicide remains a scourge in the ranks.
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/04/the-pentagons-favorite-crowbar/
Speaking of Afghanistan, The Bunker was at the Pentagon when the U.S. invaded on October 7, 2001, and has churned out tens of thousands of words about the war over the nearly 20 years since. For one attending high school and college during Vietnam, The Bunker is left with a simple question: how could we make the same mistake twice in a lifetime?

... snip ...

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

& Iraq:

Before the Iraq2 invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of arms from US companies, aka additional congressional gifts to military-industrial complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Then in the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War
including WMDs (note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war

This century, Bush2 is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

WMD posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
Team B posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crisis posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM AIX

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM AIX
Date: 22 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
very late 70s, there was program to convert the myriad of internal CISC microprocessors to 801/risc (I periodically claimed that John was going to the opposite of the extreme FS complexity with 801/RISC ... lots of other stuff besides reduced instruction) ... 4361&4381 low&mid range mainframe microprocessor that emulated 370, AS/400, various controllers, etc. For various reasons all the programs floundered and they returned to doing custom CISC for each project (and some number of 801/RISC engineers left IBM for RISC efforts at other vendors). Well, except for the DISPLAYWRITER follow-on with the 801/RISC ROMP chip ... it was canceled but they decided to retarget the machine to the UNIX workstations market ... and it became the PC/RT (hired the company that had done AT&T UNIX to the IBM/PC for PC/IX to do one for ROMP).

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

AWD had to do something with the all PL.8 displaywriter programmers and came up with a abstract virtual machine VRM implementation for ROMP (implemented in PL.8) ... and told the PC/IX company to implement to the abstract VRM interface definition (claiming that the VRM+AIX combined effort would be much less than if the PC/IX company implemented directly to the real hardware). One of the problems in unix market was customers doing their own device drivers for unsupported hardware ... in the PC/RT world that met doing one in C for AIX and a 2nd one in PL.8 for VRM.

About the same time Palo Alto was working with Berkeley for mainframe BSD port. They then get redirected to do BSD port to ROMP instead. Their BSD ported directly to ROMP/PCRT hardware (released as "AOS") was possibly 1/10th the effort of the combined VRM+AIX effort.

Palo Alto was also working with UCLA on their LOCUS unix and eventually do a port for both mainframe and 386 ... which were released as AIX/370 and AIX/386. LOCUS (AIX/370 & AIX/386) supported network file access/caching/migration as well as "live" process migration between clustered systems (with certain constraints, support live process migration between dissimilar architectures, aka live running program move 370<->386).

AWD then was doing 801/RISC RIOS/POWER (RS/6000) ... and AIX3 (eliminating VRM).

Nick Dinofrio stopped by Austin and all of the executives were out of town. Anne (my wife) did five hand drawn charts for Nick, and said that she would do it, can't be done in Austin, will be $5M (she had previous sized/estimated similar projects). Nick agreed.

This was for HA/6000 (AIX) which started out for NYTimes newspaper system (ATEX) to move off DEC VAXCluster to IBM (IBM CEO was on NYTimes board). Previously there had been an Austin all hands meeting and executives said that they had told CEO that Austin was doing it ... and nobody better let it leak outside Austin that it wasn't being done.

Later when I was doing technical/scientific cluster scale-up with national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing). Was also working with LLNL on porting their supercomputer filesystem to HA/CMP and with NCAR on their supercomputer filesystem port to HA/CMP. Also had meetings with LANL and NASA/AMES on their filesystems.

Reference to Jan1992 cluster scale-up meeting in Ellison's conference room (16way mid1992, 128way ye1992)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
We were working with non-IBM RDBMS vendors that had VAXcluster support in same source base with their Unix implementation. I did VAXcluster semantic APIs as part of easing the cluster unix RDBMS (IBM mainframe RDBMS wasn't portable and while there was ongoing work on c-language "SHELBY" for OS2 it was still to ship and would only have limited function).

Then over a few weeks after the Ellison meeting, cluster-scale-up was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (limit the threat to mainframe commercial), we leave IBM a few months later

17Feb1992 press, ibm supercomputer for scientific/technical *ONLY*
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992 press, national lab interest in cluster supercomputing caught IBM by "surprise" (even tho I had been working with them off&on for over a decade)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2
The interest in clusters caught us by surprise, said Irving Wladawsky-Berger, IBM's assistant general manager of supercomputing systems. "It is one of these events where the users figured out what to do with our systems before we did."

... snip ...

ha/cmp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

RS/6000 trivia: For the PC/RT, AWD did their own 4mbit token-ring and other cards (PC/RT AT-bus). However, RS/6000 had microchannel and AWD wasn't allowed to do their own microchannel cards, but had to do the (heavily kneecapped) PS/2 cards (communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing) ... joke was for anything that required microchannel I/O, the RS/6000 wouldn't be any faster than PS2. For instance the PS/2 (& RS/6000) microchannel 16mbit token-ring had lower throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card (A PC/RT 4mbit token-ring network server would have higher throughput than a RS/6000 16mbit token-ring server).

posts referrencing UCLA LOCUS (unix work-alike)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#27 OCF, PC/SC and GOP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#54 Unisys A11 worth keeping?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#36 Difference between Unix and Linux?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#40 I found the Olsen Quote
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#54 Filesystems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#35 UNIX on LINUX on VM/ESA or z/VM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#45 Question about Unix "heritage"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#49 Any experience with "The Last One"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#72 ibm mainframe or unix
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#30 First single chip 32-bit microprocessor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#37 A Glimpse into PC Development Philosophy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#38 CAS and LL/SC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#39 CAS and LL/SC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#5 Single System Image questions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#14 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#26 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#34 Power5 and Cell, new issue of IBM Journal of R&D
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#8 Free to good home: IBM RT UNIX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#11 Mainframe Jobs Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#82 Migration from Mainframe to othre platforms - the othe bell?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#82 Yet another squirrel question - Results (very very long post)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#62 How did the monitor work under TOPS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#5 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#33 Andrew developments in Rochester
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#44 Andrew developments in Rochester
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#35 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#2 Harris HCX Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#36 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#38 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#34 Regarding Time Sharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#76 DataPower XML Appliance and RACF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#6 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#75 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#17 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#46 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#45 FW: What are mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#75 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#82 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#45 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#66 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#93 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#51 CISC to FS to RISC, Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bizarre Career Events

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bizarre Career Events
Date: 22 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
Early 70s at the IBM Cambridge Science Center ... the building is evacuated. It turns out that some activist group had phoned the Boston FBI office saying there was a bomb in the bldg. with local CIA offices. Later we find out that the group had stationed lookouts all over Boston and Cambridge area to see what bldg is evacuated. The science center machine room was on part of 2nd flr, the IBM Boston Programming Center was on part of 3rd flr, and science center was on part of 4th flr. The 3rd flr telco closet was on the IBM side; bldg register listed lawyers' officees on the other side, but the telco closet listed it as the CIA.

some past 3rd flr telco closet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#47 Is C close to the machine?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#55 Polaroid's SX-70, the Greatest Gadget of All Time, Is 41
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#16 [OT ] Mainframe memories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#36 Semi-OT: Government snooping was Re: Is there any MF shop using AWS service?

Not so bizarre, as undergraduate, I rewrite lots of IBM code that gets picked up and shipped in IBM products. IBM even suggests some things I might do, in later retrospect could have originated from some gov. customers. Later after joining IBM, I'm asked to give computer&security classes at 3-letter gov. agency that was heavy mainframe users. One afternoon in large full class room of all day class, half the class quietly gets up and leaves and I look wondering at somebody in the front row. He says you can look at it in one of two ways, half the class got up to go listen to the VP in the auditorium (recently reading Lansdale account about after Vietnam, being back in DC and mentions the VP going across the river to give a talk at the agency) or half the class stays to listen to me. The guy has also caught me in a break and tells me the agency knows where I am every day of my life back to birth and challenges me to name any date (before the Church commission). Really strange is I don't have any clearance and need to periodically remind them I don't have a clearance and I don't want them to tell me anything.

teaching class at agency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#20 Why IBM chose MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!' made30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#64 Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#66 Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#72 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#19 IBM Recruiting

In same time frame, IBM gets a new CSO that use to be in gov. service (at one time head of presidential detail) and I'm asked to run around with him and talk about computer security (and a little physical security rubs off).

IBM new CSO posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#0 Patent buster for a method that increases password security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#24 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#39 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#41 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#33 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#37 Mainframe Hacking -- Fact or Fiction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#3a The Great Cyberheist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#8 Plug Your Data Leaks from the inside
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#53 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#60 Bridgestone Sues IBM For $600 Million Over Allegedly 'Defective' System That Plunged The Company Into 'Chaos'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#28 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#88 IBM Story
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#75 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#99 IBM 5100
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#67 Economic Mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#66 Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#37 Early mainframe security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#0 IBM "Wild Ducks"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bizarre Career Events

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bizarre Career Events
Date: 23 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#84 Bizarre Career Events

Working at CSC and SJR, I still spent some amount of time visiting customers and attending IBM mainframe user group meetings. In the mid-70s, the executive responsible for one of the largest financial datacenters on the east coast liked me to periodically drop in and talk technology (it was during the FS period, which I would periodically ridicule, while I continued to do 360/370 stuff).

During FS (which was going to completely replace 370) period, 370 efforts were being shutdown and the lack of new 370 products during the period is credited with giving mainframe clone makers a market foothold. FS posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

The branch manager did something that horribly offended the customer and in retaliation, they announced they were ordering an Amdahl system (it would be a lonely Amdahl in vast sea of IBM "blue"). It came down through management that I was being ordered to go spend 6-12 months at the customer to help obfuscate why the customer was ordering an Amdahl system (make it look somehow like technical issues were involved). Note Amdahl and other clone makers had been selling into the technical/scientific/university market, but this would be the first in the true-blue commercial IBM market. I talked it over with the customer who said they wouldn't mind me idling way the months at their location, but it wouldn't stop the order. I was then told that the branch manager was good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO ... and if I didn't do this, I could forget promotions and career at IBM. I didn't, I also stopped wearing the IBM uniform and grew a beard. Customers seem to even prefer it, supposedly it helped differentiate me from the hordes of "empty suit" IBMers.

past refs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#4 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#19 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#19 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#22 Teletypewriter Model 33
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#72 Thanks Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#95 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#86 Computer/IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#27 Software Delivery on Tape to be Discontinued
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#6 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#27 Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#68 IBM Suits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#138 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#82 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#37 Some CP67, Future System and other history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#66 IBM CEO Story

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bizarre Career Events

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bizarre Career Events
Date: 23 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#84 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#85 Bizarre Career Events

Some years later at San Jose Research, I submitted speak-up that I was being significantly underpaid with supporting documents. I get back response from head of HR that after detailed review of my complete employment history, I'm being paid just what I was suppose to be. I then write a response (with copies of my original and HR's response) and point out that I'm being asked to interview recent graduates for a new group that would be working under my technical direction and they were getting offers 30% more than I was currently making. I never get a written response, but a few weeks later I get a 30% raise (putting me on same level with what was being offered new graduates). People have frequently had to remind me that in IBM, business ethics is an oxymoron.

past refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#74 My Vintage Dream PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#65 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#47 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#12 IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class

I get a call from head hunter about interviewing for assistant to president of a clone mainframe vendor. Given the dealings I was having with HR, I figure what the heck, it wouldn't hurt to interview. After some time in the interview, I'm asked obliquely what I know about new architecture. I obliquely answer that I recently wrote a speak-up with suggestion improvements to the IBM Business Conduct Guidelines (that IBM employees are support to read annually) ... because I didn't believe the ethical requirements were strong enough. That was the end of the interview. A few months later I'm in a 3hr interview with FBI agent. The clone mainframe vendor was a US company selling clone mainframes made by non-US company on the other side of the Pacific ... and was being sued by the US gov. for industrial espionage. The FBI interview came about from their obtaining visitor logs. I tell him the story of the interview. I also tell him that I did have a full-set of 811, ibm registered confidential, architect documents (370/xa for their nov1978 pub date, initially used with 3081) under double lock & key (required, also subject to periodic audit by site security) ... and suggested somebody in security may have been providing lists of people with 811 documents to the clone mainfame maker.

past refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#35 Hitachi to Deliver New Mainframe Based on IBM z Systems in Japan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#12 IBM "811", 370/xa architecture

... completely different, I once went into a gov. meeting, forgetting I had a "IBM Confidential" document. On the way out of the building, the guards were checking everything leaving and found the document (and I didn't have authorization to remove a government classified document). It took an hour to find somebody to come down and explain to the guards that "IBM Confidential" wasn't a gov. security classification but a IBM company document (apparently it wasn't the first time it had happened).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bizarre Career Events

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bizarre Career Events
Date: 23 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#84 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#85 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#86 Bizarre Career Events

We were doing technical/scientific & commercial HA/CMP cluster scale-up when it is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer, and we were told that we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors ... a few months later we leave IBM. Not long later, two of the Oracle people we were working with on cluster scale-up are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "electronic commerce" and we are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they want to use, they result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

payment gateway posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

Somewhat as result get ask to participate in financial standards working groups and critical infrastructure protection
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection
financial industry meetings held in the white house annex
https://www.fsisac.com/

ha/cmp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

critical infrastructure protection &/or fsisac poste:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#7 The Digital Insider: Backdoor Trojans ... fyi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#11 Hannaford case exposes holes in law, some say
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#82 Data sharing among Industry players about frauds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#48 Bankers as Partners In Crime Stopping
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#11 Banks should share cyber crime information IT PRO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#27 FBI: National data-breach law would help fight cybercrime
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#45 ATM machines are increasingly attractive to hackers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#19 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#76 Mainframe hacking?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#18 Electronic Theft Costs Businesses More Than Physical Theft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#27 Measuring Cyberfraud, the fall rate of sky, and other metrics from the market for Silver Bullets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#58 2012 History Conference
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#63 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#20 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#10 EBCDIC and the P-Bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#65 The Real Snowden Question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#76 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#70 Alan Grayson: Is Keith Alexander Selling Classified Information to the Banks?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#15 Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#14 President to Issue Executive Order Encouraging Threat Intelligence Sharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#74 N.Y. Bank Regulator Says Third-Party Vendors Provide Backdoor to Hackers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#99 Cyber Threat Sharing is Great in Theory, But Tough in Practice
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#6 Repealing Glass-Steagall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#17 Cybercrime
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#96 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#102 Electronic Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#85 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#32 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#10 Graph database on z/OS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#56 Mexico Foiled a $110 Million Bank Heist, Then Kept It a Secret
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#94 Private sector needs a little sumthin' sumthin' to get it sharing threat intel - US security chap
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#10 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#4 Microsoft president asks Congress to force private-sector orgs to publicly admit when they've been hacked

... and I guess because there is lots of security and crypto technology there are also gov. agency reps ... and I keep being invited to meetings at R-group and Information Assurance Directorate. Lobby of R-group bldg had "tunnel" (with a couple bends) that you walked through (said it was part of suppressing electro-magetic signals). Open a door into large room with lots of office cubicles and somebody flips a switch which turns on a number of rotating red lights (like on top of emergency vehicles) to indicate a non-cleared person had entered the room. Also did some amount of work with lead technical director that reported to agency DDI (their bldg wasn't so high tech). He was doing assurance panel discussion in the trusted computing track at Intel developers conference and had me give a talk on security chip I was doing (ref gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine):
https://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp%2bs1
another ref (also gone 404)
https://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

I still had to remind people that I've never worked for the government and/or have a security clearance ... even some agency people didn't appear to believe me. Closest direct "gov work" was one of the contractors called us in to consult on the new backend systems for the 2000 census ... and when the census dept was audited by one of the agencies ... I was asked to spend all day in front of the room explaining and answering questions.

some ("assigned") patents for the security work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

2000 census references:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#16 Why are Mainframe Computers really still in use at all?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#21 Methods of payment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#43 Methods of payment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#63 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#92 Billion-dollar IT failure at Census Bureau
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#21 The 2010 Census
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#56 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#56 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#87 Cultural attitudes towards failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#11 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#98 ACA (Obamacare) website problems--article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#37 OT this guy salary one dollar
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#18 FBI Rewrites Federal Law to Let Hillary Off the Hook
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#12 Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#71 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#89 The head of the Census Bureau just quit, and the consequences are huge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#0 Census processing, 1950
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#78 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#114 Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#115 Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#22 U.S. disaster aid won't cover crops drowned by Midwest floods

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bizarre Career Events

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bizarre Career Events
Date: 23 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#84 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#85 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#86 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#87 Bizarre Career Events

one of the weirdest was getting a call asking us if we would respond to a (unclassified) BAA (from IC-ARDA, since renamed IARPA) that was about to close. We get a copy of the BAA (which basically said that none of the tools the agency has did the job) and get a response in just under the deadline. We then have a couple meetings at Ft. Meade, large conference room with at least a dozen people ... that quiz us, but trying to avoid classified references since I don't have any clearances. We show that we can "do the job" ... then all goes quiet and never hear another word about it. Its when these articles about success of failure culture start showing up that we begin to suspect.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
some conjecture that agency executives allowed the BAA to be released and when nobody would respond ... that would shutdown the people complaining that the agency didn't have any tools that did the job. Did hear that the IC-ARDA person that called us got reassigned to completely different agency.

note the rapidly spreading "success of culture" after the turn of the century involved outsourcing ... intelligence 70% of the budget and half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
especially gov. contractors and beltway bandits bought up by PE firms
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

other refs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_A._Drake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trailblazer_Project
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ThinThread

Gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Success of Failure posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failuree

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What the Iraq Invasion Revealed About How America Works

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What the Iraq Invasion Revealed About How America Works
Date: 23 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
What the Iraq Invasion Revealed About How America Works. And how did so many people come to believe it was a good idea?
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2021/04/iraq-invasion-slow-burn-intro.html

also ... The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#82 The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar

Before the Iraq2 invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (that can *ONLY* be used for purchase of arms from US companies, aka additional congressional gifts to military-industrial complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Then in the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War
including WMDs (note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war

This century, Bush2 is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
Team B posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crisis posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bizarre Career Events

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bizarre Career Events
Date: 23 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#84 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#85 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#86 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#87 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#88 Bizarre Career Events

... not bizarre, but funny 2000 census story. after standing up in front of guy from one of the agencies asking questions about the 2000 census ... we finish early. and are sitting around drinking coffee. He is talking to some of the census people about where they went to school and mentions he got his graduate engineering degree from Univ. of Michigan. My wife asks him what year and he tells her. She says she did too and was the only female in that class. He says, no you weren't and names somebody. My wife says that her. He looks at my wife and says you sure look older.

other posts referencing 2000 census
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#16 Why are Mainframe Computers really still in use at all?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#21 Methods of payment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#43 Methods of payment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#63 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#92 Billion-dollar IT failure at Census Bureau
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#21 The 2010 Census
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#56 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#56 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#87 Cultural attitudes towards failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#11 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#98 ACA (Obamacare) website problems--article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#37 OT this guy salary one dollar
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#18 FBI Rewrites Federal Law to Let Hillary Off the Hook
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#12 Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#71 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#89 The head of the Census Bureau just quit, and the consequences are huge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#0 Census processing, 1950
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#78 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#114 Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#115 Trump IRS pick faces massive IT challenge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#22 U.S. disaster aid won't cover crops drowned by Midwest floods

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
Date: 23 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#67 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#69 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#70 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#78 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#80 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War

The Dragon's War
https://www.amazon.com/Dragons-War-Allied-Operations-1937-1947-ebook/dp/B00DY0OLQC/
pg100/loc2250-53:
Recent declassification of the KGB wartime traffic between the United States and the USSR has pinpointed the key figures that greatly undermined Chinese efforts to stabilize China's wartime economy. The top Soviet source in the U.S. government during World War II was Assistant Secretary of Treasury Harry Dexter White, who, with Alger Hiss, ranked as the second-most-important source to the Soviets, and Lauchlin Currie the third.

pg100/loc2254-57:
Harry Dexter White was the most influential financial brain in the wartime Treasury Department and had spied for the Soviet Union until 1938. After two years of inaction, White resumed his activities as a Soviet source. To aid his efforts, in 1940 White hired eleven active Soviet sources into the Treasury as a network. They included the Treasury's wartime chief representative in China, Solomon Adler, and Treasury's top person in charge of gold reserve, Frank Coe.

pg101/loc2265-67:
Secondly, the White clique inside Treasury was able to generate enormous amounts of ideologically tainted field reports from China, ruthlessly manipulating facts and statistics to influence the internal bureaucratic opinions of the key policymakers on wartime China and its leadership.

pg101/loc2267-69:
Thirdly, the White ring was able to coordinate with international Communists in discrediting the Nationalist government led by Chiang Kai-shek and in aiding the Chinese Communists in Yenan led by Mao Zedong.

pg102/loc2279-81:
Of the $200 million gold loan approved by the president and treasury secretary in writing, only $8 million was delivered to China in the crucial two years of the war, thanks to the Silvermaster Group's adroit efforts to manipulate the bureaucratic process and sabotage the essential shipments of gold to China.

pg103/loc2302-5:
The inadequacy of the Allies' military aid greatly demoralized China. It also created constant bitterness between the Chinese and the U.S. military and civilian leaders. But more important, it caused the deterioration of China's wartime economic and military conditions, making the China theater inconsequential to the final victory over Japan. Yet, most damaging of all, was the growth of a profound distrust of the KMT government by many high-ranked U.S. officials, including the new president, Harry S Truman.

pg103/loc2306-8:
In the immediate aftermath of the war, Admiral William Leahy, the wartime chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, poignantly stated, "I could never understand what happened in China. I know at Cairo President Roosevelt assured Chiang Kai-shek of his and America's support in every way. He meant it, too! Over and over he told me we were going to get behind China.

... snip ...

Miles' "A Different Kind of War"
https://www.amazon.com/Different-Kind-War-Guerrilla-Forces/dp/B000NTNH8U/
pg587:
Fleat Admiral Leahy to Miles: "Your go out and sink the guys that sold China down the river".

... snip ...

US wasn't in the war and Stalin was effectively fighting the Germans all alone and worried that Japan would attack from the east ... opening up a second front. Stalin wanted US to come in against Japan (making sure Japan had limited resources to open up a 2nd front against the Soviet Union). US assistant SECTREAS Harry Dexter White was operating on behalf of the Soviet Union and Stalin sends White a draft of demands for US to present to Japan that would provoke Japan into attacking US and drawing US into the war.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
demands were included in the Hull Note which Japan received just prior to decision to attack Perl Harbor, hull note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
More Venona
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project
https://www.nsa.gov/news-features/declassified-documents/venona/

Benn Stein in "The Battle of Bretton Woods" spends pages 55-58 discussing "Operation Snow".
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/
pg56/loc1065-66:

The Soviets had, according to Karpov, used White to provoke Japan to attack the United States. The scheme even had a name: "Operation Snow," snow referring to White.

... snip ...

past refs to Harry Dexter White:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#81 WW II cryptography
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#71 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#49 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#35 Olympics opening ceremony
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#29 The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#30 The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

EBCDIC Trivia

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: EBCDIC Trivia
Date: 23 Apr 2021
Blog: Facebook
... trivia ... this is an account (by IBMer, father of ascii) of the greatest (360) computer "goof" (aka originally 360s were suppose to be primarily ascii machines, but because ascii unit record devices would be late ... it started out as extended-BCD using existing BCD unit record) ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM
Who Goofed?

The culprit was T. Vincent Learson. The only thing for his defense is that he had no idea of what he had done. It was when he was an IBM Vice President, prior to tenure as Chairman of the Board, those lofty positions where you believe that, if you order it done, it actually will be done. I've mentioned this fiasco elsewhere. Here are some direct extracts:


... snip ...

Posts referencing Bob Bemer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#26 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#27 Origins of EBCDIC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#39 Mainframe Utility for EBCDIC to ASCII conversion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#41 Disksize history question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#63 CAPS Fantasia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#4 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#65 They've changed the keyboard layout _again_
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#9 Typewriter vs. Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#67 Wondering if I am really eligible for this group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#6 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#45 HP getting out of computer biz
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#23 computer bootlaces
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#5 Any candidates for best acronyms?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#45 CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#55 "Geek" t-shirts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#100 The PC industry is heading for collapse
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#52 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#55 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#73 END OF FILE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#36 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#84 72 column cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#52 8-bit bytes and byte-addressed machines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#56 Reduced Symbol Set Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#56 New HD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#72 One reason for monocase was Re: Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#61 32760?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#3 Ported Tools - Unix
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#49 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#33 Teletypewriter Model 33
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#35 Teletypewriter Model 33
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#21 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#22 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#37 Subject Unicode
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#5 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#13 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#15 50 years of timesharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#63 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#52 Rather nice article on COBOL on Vulture Central
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#24 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#29 Special characters for Passwords
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#99 IBM architecture, was Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#4 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#6 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#65 16-bit minis, was Floating point
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#6 New Line vs. Line Feed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#47 ASCII vs. EBCDIC (was Re: On sort options ...)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#0 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#64 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#70 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#71 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#79 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#5 RFE? xlc compile option for C integers to be "Intel compat" or Little-Endian
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#109 Online Terminals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#75 Nostalgia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#77 Nostalgia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#15 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#63 EBCDIC Bad History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#42 SCP of file to USS from Mac is corrupted
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#58 So much for THAT excuse | Computerworld SHARK TANK
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#39 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#7 IBM timesharing terminal--offline preparation?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970





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