List of Archived Posts

2021 Newsgroup Postings (01/26 - 02/23)

Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
Killer Micros
Availability
Airline Reservation System
IBM & Apple
IBM Travel
IBM Kneecapping products
IBM Marketing Trips
IBM Kneecapping products
IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
IBM Kneecapping products
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
DEBE?
DEBE?
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
IBM Recruiting
Indian Casino and HA/CMP
HONE story/history
HONE story/history
HONE story/history
HONE story/history
HA/CMP Marketing
HA/CMP Marketing
HA/CMP Marketing
IBM IIN
IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
HA/CMP Marketing
HA/CMP Marketing
HA/CMP Marketing
Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
CISC to FS to RISC, Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Luxembourg Investigations
IBM Research, Yorktown versus San Jose (later Almaden)
In the 1970s, Email Was Special
In the 1970s, Email Was Special
In the 1970s, Email Was Special
In the 1970s, Email Was Special
HSDT SFS (spool file rewrite)
370 Virtual Memory
The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked
HSDT SFS (spool file rewrite)
Early Computer Use
Early Computer Use
Early Computer Use
Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
where did RISC come from, Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Fumble Finger Distribution list
IBM S/38
Fumble Finger Distribution list
Boeing CEO Said Board Moved Quickly on MAX Safety; New Details Suggest Otherwise
Let's Be Honest About What Trump Wanted on January 6
IMS Stories
IMS Stories
IMS Stories
In the 1970s, Email Was Special
In the 1970s, Email Was Special
April 1st Corporate/Password Directive
CKD Disks
70s Tokyo Trip
AT&T Long-lines
The Golden Age of computer user groups
What The Media Isn't Telling You About Texas Blackouts
Capital in the Twenty-First Century
1977: Zork
Dail-up banking and the Internet
Dail-up banking and the Internet
IBM Innovation
IBM Innovation
IBM Innovation
IBM Innovation
American Nazis Rally in New York City
American Nazis Rally in New York City
IBM Innovation
Fecalnomics
Capital in the Twenty-First Century
IBM Innovation
IBM Glory days
Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals
What The Media Isn't Telling You About Texas Blackouts
The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
Three Wars, No Victory - Why?
The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
IBM Innovation

Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
Date: 26 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.forbes.com/sites/tomtaulli/2021/01/23/will-the-cloud-take-down-the-mainframe/

1980, STL was stuffed to the gills and they were planning on moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with dataproceessing support back to STL datacenter. They had tried "remote 3270" (through 3704/3705) and found the human factors totally unacceptable. I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support, channel attach 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg and not be able to tell the difference in the remote&local human factors. The hardware vendor wants IBM to let them release my support ... but there is group in POK that is playing with some serial stuff and get it vetoed, they were afraid that if it was in the market, it would make it harder for them to get their stuff released.

In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL (national lab) get some serial stuff they are playing with, standardized ... which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980). The pok people finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON, when it is already obsolete. Later some POK engineers become involved in fibre channel standard and define a heavyweight protocol that drastically reduces the throughput of native FCS ... which eventually is released as FICON.

Latest published benchmarks FICON numbers I can find is "peak I/O" z196 numbers that used 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS) that managed to reach peak I/O of 2M IOPS. Note that about the same time as z196 "peak I/O", a FCS was announced for e5-2600 blades that claimed over million IOPS (two such FCS have higher thoughput than 104 FICON running over 104 FCS).

channel-extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

Other trivia, 1985 I'm asked if I would turn out some stuff one of the baby bells had done emulating VTAM&NCP on series1, as type1 product (quickly upgrading to RIOS/RS6000). It was well known the communication group was notorious for corporate dirty tricks ... so much of the time was strategy to prevent raleigh from blocking the effort. It emulated cross-domain with ownership of all resources out in the Series/1 infrastructure with no single point of failure ... allowing much large configurations than VTAM single domain. I took a baby bell configuration of greater than 64K 3270s and used the HONE 3275 configuration to size the equivalent 3275/NCP configuration, producing a presentation that I gave an SNA ARB in raleigh. Communication group kept complaining that the comparison was invalid ... but were never able to explain how it was invalid. What communication group then did to torpedo the effort can only be describe as truth is stranger than fiction. part of 1986 presentation that baby bell gave at COMMON user group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70
part of presentation I did for fall 1986 SNA ARB in raleigh
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#69

One of the things I realized working with Boca Series/1 people was that SNA was triple oxymoron, not a System, not a Network, and not an Architecture ... they complained that it wasn't possible to just build stuff from Raleigh documents that interfaced to SNA ... everything required careful tracing and reverse engineering to get it to work.

other communication group trivia: Late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, communication group, internal IBM conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opens the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm. The disk division was seeing customers moving data to more distributed computing platforms with a drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with several solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. The communication group datacenter stranglehold wasn't just killing disk sales but affecting the whole mainframe business and a few short years later, IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company.

dumb terminal paradigm posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
IBM downfall/downturn posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

killer micro trivia: late 90s I86 was moving to risc chips with hardware layer that translated i86 instructions into risc micro-ops ... largely negating difference with between i86 and risc processor throughput ... with their much faster development cycles they were leaving mainframes in the dust.
z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000 z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003 z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005 z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008 z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010 EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012 z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015 z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017

by the time of the z196 era, e5-2600 server blade (mentioned above) had 500BIPS rating, ten times max configured z196 (industry standard benchmark, number of iterations compared to 370/158-3 assumed to be one MIP processor). At the time, max configured z196 had price tag of $30M ($600,000/BIPS) while IBM list price for e5-2600 blade was $1815 ($3/BIPS). However for a decade, the large cloud operations were claiming that they assembled their own server blades at 1/3rd the cost of brand name blades ... aka $1/BIPS.

About that time, the server chip makers press was that they were shipping half their product directly to cloud operations ... and shortly after that IBM sold off its server business. Note that large cloud operators each have dozens of megadatacenters around the world, each megadatacenter operated with staff of 80-120 people and containing over half million server blades ... each server blade now 10-50 times the processor performance of a max configured mainframe.

more communication group trivia: In the mid-80s, communication was fiercely fighting the announce of mainframe tcp/ip support ... but lost that battle ... and then switched to since they had strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls, the mainframe tcp/ip product had to be done through them. What eventually shipped got 44kbytes/sec aggregate throughput using 3090 processor. I then did the RFC 1044 enhancements and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between a 4341 and a CRAY got sustained 4341 channel throughput using only a modest amount of 4341 processor (around 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

RFC1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

random observation: my wife did short stint as chief architect for Amadeus (european airline res system built off old Eastern System One) ... however she supported Europe for x.25 and the communication group quickly got her replaced. It didn't do them much good since Europe went with x.25 anyway ... and the communication group replacement was quickly replaced.

Amadeus posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#49 Did AT&T offer Unix to Digital Equipment in the 70s?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#47 What makes a mainframe a mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#6 Mainframe not a good architecture for interactive workloads
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#7 Mainframe not a good architecture for interactive workloads
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#8 EBCDIC to 6-bit and back
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#52 US Air computers delay psgrs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#12 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#53 Migration from Mainframe to othre platforms - the othe bell?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#19 American Airlines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#34 American Airlines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#41 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technologies?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#33 IBM touts encryption innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#55 IBM halves mainframe Linux engine prices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#59 "Portable" data centers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#17 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOS or Windows, doesn't matter)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#41 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#43 Sabre; The First Online Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#74 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#77 program coding pads
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#8 The PC industry is heading for collapse
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#9 The PC industry is heading for collapse
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#52 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#5 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#13 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#69 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#72 100 boxes of computer books on the wall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#45 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#60 SABRE after the 7090
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#67 SABRE after the 7090
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#71 Airline Reservation System

megadatacenter posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
Date: 26 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?

the last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP. It originally started out as HA/6000 for NYTimes to more their newspaper system (ATEX) off vax/cluster to ibm. Then when I was working with national labs on technical/scientific cluster scale-up and RDBMS vendors on commercial cluster scale-up, I renamed it HA/CMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing). The RDBMS vendors had vax/cluster and unix support in the same source base ... and to ease the port, I did an API implementation that emulated VAX/Cluster but with scale-up&performance enhancements. This old post about early jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room (Oracle CEO) on cluster scale-up (16-way by mid92 and 128way by ye92)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
then within a few weeks, cluster scale-up is transferred, announced as

IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work with anything that had more than four processors. A few months later, we depart IBM. Note contributing may have been mainframe DB2 group complaining that if we were allowed to go ahead, it would be years ahead of them. I had also been asked to contribute to IBM corporate continuous available strategy document. However it got pulled when both Rochester (AS/400) and POK (mainframe) complained that they couldn't meet those requirements.

17Feb1992 press, ibm supercomputer for scientific/technical *ONLY*
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992 press, national lab interest in cluster supercomputing caught IBM by "surprise" (even tho I had been working with them on it for over a decade)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

ha/cmp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

trivia: Jan1979, I was con'ed into doing benchmarks for national lab on engineering 4341 that was interesting in getting 70 for (cluster) compute farm.

other triva: For a time my HSDT project (t1/1.5mbit/sec and faster computer links) in the mid-80s had T1 link into clementi's E&S lab in kingston, he had a 3090, but the real compute power was in floating point systems box (which had 40mbyte/sec disk arrays to keep the processor fed) ... and he had twenty such boxes. HSDT had been working with the director of NSF and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

Internal politics prevent us from bidding and the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other agencies, but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comment that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

NSF interconnect posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
Date: 26 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#1 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?

trivia: after transferring to san jose research, I got to wander around most IBM and customer datacenters in silicon valley. One of the places was disk engineering and product test across the street (bldgs 14&15). At the time there were doing 7x24, prescheduled, stand-alone mainframe testing. They mentioned that they had recently tried MVS ... but it had 15min mean-time-between-failure (requiring manual re-ipl) in that environment. I offer to rewrite I/O supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail ... allowing any amount of concurrent, on-demand testing, greatly improving productivity.

bldg15 gets the first 3033 engineering box outside pok (#3?) for disk channel testing. Since i/o testing only takes a percent or two of processor ... we find a spare string of 3330s and setup our own private online service on the 3033.

One of the early issues was the external 303x channel boxes (a 158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode and w/o the 370 microcode) still had some number of glitches and would require manually recycling the box. We find that if you quickly hit all the box's six channel addresses with CLRCH instruction, the box would reset itself and reimpl ... w/o requiring manual intervention (i.e. for 16 channels, a 3033 needed three of these boxes).

Later I did internal writeup and everything to handle engineering testing and happen to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... which apparently greatly embarrassed MVS executives ... I was told informally that they tried to have me separated from the IBM company ... and when that didn't work, they tried other harassing/bullying activities.

posts getting to play disk engineer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
Date: 26 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#1 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#2 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?

other trivia: back in the sixties ... when IBM rented computers and charges was based on the system meter ... whenever ran when ever any processor and/or channel was busy ... and even internal IBM would charge departments to recover datacenter costs (even tho it was purely funny money) ... the science center wanted to move to leaving the CP67 available up 7x24 ... but wanted to minimize costs ... especially in offshift periods when the system might just sitting idle waiting for users to dial in (aka cloud on-demand). There was lots of operational automation to allow dark room operation offshift w/o operator. Next was custom channel programs that would allow the channel to go to sleep (and let the system meter stop) ... but immediately wake up when any bits were arriving. This was also used by the 60s cp67 commercial online service bureau spinoffs of the science center. Note that everything (all processors and channels) had to be idle for at least 400ms for the system meter to stop. MVS trivia: long after IBM had switched to selling machines in the 70s ... MVS still had a timer task that would wake up every 400ms (guarantee that any system meter never came to a stop).

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
online service bureau posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

Most of IBM viewed computers as profit items ... while major cloud operators view them as cost items. They had so aggressively reduced server system costs that people, power and cooling were increasingly becoming the major cost items ... and so have also been very aggressively working on automation as well as minimizing computer power&cooling requirements ... components suspending operation when idle but can immediately become available ondemand. Major cloud operations have dozens of megadatacenters around the world, each megadatacenter staffed with 80-120 people, having over half million blade servers and each blade server 10-50 times the performance of max. configured IBM mainframe.

several cloud issues .... they needed to reduce computer system costs by several orders of magnitude ... and then they needed full (free, non-proprietary) source to adapt the software for automation and massive cluster operation. After the turn of the century, they were claiming they were assembling their own servers for 1/3rd the cost of brand name servers. Then after server chip maker press saying that they were shipping at least half their products directly to major cloud makers (about that time, IBM sells off its server business), started seeing press that major cloud vendors were applying enormous pressure to the chip makers to improve computing power&cooling efficiencies ... as well as design for ondemand operation, dropping power/cooling to zero when idle but can be instantly available ondemand.

last decade financial numbers had IBM processor hardware sales dropping to equivalent of 50-60 max. configured systems per year. However, mainframe group was 25% of revenue and 40% of profit ... nearly all software & services (newer hardware models needed to continually keep the software and services revenue flowing)

megadatacenter postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Killer Micros

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Killer Micros
Date: 27 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#1 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#2 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#3 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?

early 90s, articles that killer micros would be the death of the mainfrmae, much of the low hanging fruit moved off mainframe ... and IBM goes into the red ... was being reorganized into 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company ... what was left was few high ticket items like financial. Mid/late 90s, financial industry/wallstreet was spending billions of dollars to rewrite software to move off mainframe. Lots of 60s mainframe financial software that recorded transactions during the day for settlement in the overnight batch window. Even real-time, online transactions software from the 70s&80s were still being queued for settlement in the overnight batch window. During the 90s, the overnight batch window was severely being stressed by increase in workloads and globalization cutting the duration of the window.

The billions of dollars was to redo financial transaction for parallel straight-through process (each transaction settled as it occurred) on loads of killer micros. However, they were using industry standard parallel libraries that had hundred times the overhead of mainframe cobol batch. Several of us raised warnings ... but they were ignored until the pilot projects started going up in spectacular flames ... the parallelization overhead totally swamping the increase in throughput planned from having loads of killer micros.

A couple things 1) late nineties micros moved to risc processors with hardware layer that translated i86 instructions into risc micro-ops ... and with their much faster development cycles started leaving leaving mainframes in the dust (by z196, max config with 80 processors rated at 50BIPS while a commodity server e5-2600 blade had ratings of 500BIPS ... using industry standard benchmark, number of iterations compared to no. of iterations on 370/158-3 assumed to be one MIPS, aka tens times max. configured z196), 2) middle decade after turn of century I started working with somebody that had developed a financial business language that generated fine grain, easily parallelized SQL statements ... and did several high-end examples of major financial transaction systems. This took advantage of the a) significant cluster parallelization throughput improvements done by most RDBMS vendors (including IBM) and b) significant performance increase in I86 processors. Was easily able to demonstrate a six system RDBMS cluster (with each system ten times the performance of max configured mainframe) easily handle the largest financial transaction load with lots of spare capacity. This showed major acceptance at financial industry meetings ... and then we hit a brick wall. They eventually said that there were executives that bore the scars from the straight-through disasters in the 90s and it was going to be a long time before it was tried again.

Trivia: turn of century I was brought into a financial industry outsourcing datacenter that handled half of all credit card accounts in the country (transactions, statementing, call centers, plastic cards, etc). They had more than 40 max configured mainframe systems (@$30M, around $1.5B, none older than 18m, constant rolling upgrades), each running 450K cobol statement application (accounts partitioned across the systems, couldn't afford overhead of parallel sysplex), number needed to complete settlement in the overnight batch window. They had 80 person performance group that had been handling the performance care & feeding for decades ... but I was to see what else I could find. I eventually found 14% improvement (>$200M in max configured mainframes). Part of the issue is that they had gotten micro-focused with the same tools they had been using for years. At the IBM cambridge science center in the 70s, we did a lot of performance technology work (including much of the early capacity planning stuff) using several different technologies. Since they had been so focused at the microlevel ... I used some tools to look at the macrolevel to see if there were things that they had been overlooking. other trivia: in the plastic card room with a sea of embossing machines, they had banner that they had done 500M plastic card embossing&mailings that year.

other trivia: I had done worked with Jim Gray on the original sql/relational system, "System R" ... and then when he left for Tandem in the early 80s, he tried to palm off bunch of stuff on me ... working with early "System R" customers (Bank of America, 60 distributed systems in branch offices), tech transfer to Endicott for SQL/DS ("under the radar" while mainstream IBM was preoccupied with the "official" next generation DBMS, "EAGLE" ... at least until EAGLE implodes and there is request for how fast could a port be done to MVS ... which is eventually released as DB2, originally for decision support only), consulting with the IMS DBMS group in STL, etc.

also ... the massive credit card processing datacenter with >40 max configured mainframes (@$30M) that were needed to finish cobol batch settlement during the overnight batch window. It had something of a cloud ondemand issue but on totally different timescale ... current cloud ondemand can be measured in subsecond or few second periods (with at least order of magnitude difference between nominal and peak load). There is nearly an order of magnitude difference in avg number of credit card transaction per day between the summer months and peak holiday buying season. The >40 max configured mainframes were needed for peak holiday seasons ... but need drastically dropped off during summer months. The earnings on credit card transactions are sufficient to keep peak season mainframe processing capacity year around. By comparison lots of cloud had to reduce the system processing costs by nearly six orders of magnitude ($$$/BIPS, compared to IBM mainframe) ... to the point that people, power, cooling, etc, other costs have become increasingly dominant.

System R posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr
HA/CMP posts mentioning RDBMS commercial cluster work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
IBM downfall/downturn posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

posts mentioning 450K cobol statement application:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#50 Where can you get a Minor in Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#20 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#24 Job ad for z/OS systems programmer trainee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#81 Intel: an expensive many-core future is ahead of us
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#5 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#76 Architectural Diversity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#20 IBM forecasts 'new world order' for financial services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#35 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#45 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#13 IBM today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#62 Cobol
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#155 Book on monopoly (IBM)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs

overnight batch window &/or straight-through processing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#46 the limits of crypto and authentication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm20.htm#20 ID "theft" -- so what?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#14 Break the rules of governance and lose 4.9 billion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#35 H2.1 Protocols Divide Naturally Into Two Parts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#2 More "ageing mainframe" (bad) press
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#25 1976 vs. 2016?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#48 Windows 10 forceful update?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#84 The mainframe is dead. Long live the mainframe!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#23 How to Fix IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#72 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#58 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#63 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#39 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#11 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#17 Wall Street
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#32 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#3 Somewhat Interesting Mainframe Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#37 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#85 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#62 Cobol
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#155 Book on monopoly (IBM)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Availability

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Availability
Date: 27 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#1 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#2 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros

Before leaving IBM, out marketing our HA/CMP product, I coined disaster survivability and geographic survivability) (to differentiate from disaster recovery) and was asked to write a section for IBM continuous availability strategy document (although the section got pulled when both rocehester/as400 and POK/mainframe complained they couldn't meet the requirements ... aka five-nines across flooding, power outages, earthquakes, etc)

I think the cloud service contracts can call for no backup, backup within single datacenter, backup across datacenters, load-balancing across datacenters and/or processing routed to closest datacenter, as well as how much guaranteed elastic ondemand provided.

A few years ago there were also articles about people using a credit card to (automagically) spinup ondemand (cluster) supercomputers (that would rank in top 40 in the world) for a few hours from cloud datacenters. They could also get reduced rate if they could preschedule during selected periods.

I had worked with Jim Gray on original sql/relational System R, he left IBM in the early 80s for Tandem (trying to palm off a bunch of stuff on me). We would then periodically visit him at Tandem. This is from 1984 availability study he did
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf
also
https://jimgray.azurewebsites.net/papers/TandemTR86.2_FaultToleranceInTandemComputerSystems.pdf

by 1990 we were looking at geographic survivability (floods, power outages, telco outages, earthquakes, etc) and studying how things failed. NYSE had tandem computers in a carefully selected datacenter in Manhattan with carefully selected "diverse routing" ... power feed from multiple substations into bldg from different sides & routes, water from multiple different water mains, telco from multiple central offices into bldg from different sides & routes. They lost service when power transformer in the basement blew, spewed PCB all through the bldg, required evacuation and bldg shutdown.

Goes back to my undergraduate days when I had been hired fulltime into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services. I thought renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world (couple hundred million in 360s, 60s $$$). There was disaster scenario where Mt Rainier heats up and the mud flow takes out Renton datacenter ... so they were going to replicate the Renton datacenter up at the new 747 plant in Everett (geographic survivability) ... the business case was that the cost to Boeing to be w/o the Renton datacenter for a week was more than the cost of the Renton datacenter (geographically replicated datacenters).

HA/CMP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
original sql/relational RDBMS, System R
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr
continuous availability posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

Renton datacenter replication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#36 Where do the filesystem and RAID system belong?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#54 The demise of compaq
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#74 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#89 Notes on two presentations by Gordon Bell ca. 1998
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#33 45 years of Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#18 taking down the machine - z9 series
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#51 Mainframe Hacking -- Fact or Fiction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#59 Boeing Plant 2 ... End of an Era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#61 Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#37 movie "Airport" on cable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#42 Drones now account for one third of U.S. warplanes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#60 The IBM mainframe has been the backbone of most of the world's largest IT organizations for more than 48 years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#7 From build to buy: American Airlines changes modernization course midflight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#50 Arthur C. Clarke Predicts the Internet, 1974
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#74 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#18 Why IBM chose MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!' made30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#31 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#32 [OT ] Mainframe memories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#9 Boyd for Business & Innovation Conference
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#19 The IBM Strategy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#23 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#88 IBM sees boosting profit margins as more important than sales growth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#33 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#75 Ancient computers in use today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#35 Remember 3277?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#100 OT: Electrician cuts wrong wire and downs 25,000 square foot data centre
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#10 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#17 Globalization Worker Negotiation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#47 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#46 Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#14 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#14 Perry Mason TV show--bugs with micro-electronics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#90 Old hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#60 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#83 Ferranti Atlas paging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#104 Now Hear This-Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#58 Failures and Resiliency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#29 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#38 Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#60 IBM 360/67
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#151 OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#153 At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#45 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#48 IBM Quota
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Airline Reservation System

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Airline Reservation System
Date: 27 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#1 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#2 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#5 Availability

trivia: 1994 (after leaving IBM) was asked into AA sabre to look at ten things they couldn't do ... they started with ROUTES (25% of CPU workload) and gave me a complete copy of OAG (all scheduled flts and airports in the world). I came back two months later with ROUTES rewritten in C running on RS/6000 ... doing all their impossible things ... including able to scale that it could handle every ROUTE request for every airline in the world. then the hand-wringing started ... the existing implementation had technology design trade-offs from the 60s ... which required a lot of manual converting OAG so it could be handled by the 60s implementation (upwards of 800 people). Starting from scratch with 90s trade-offs, I could effectively use OAG directly (w/o those 800 people). They eventually said they actually didn't want me to redo it, they just wanted to be able to tell the parent company board I was working on it (apparently one of the board members had been at IBM in the past and knew me).

some airline reservation posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#75 American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#34 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#93 Delta Outage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#98 E.R. Burroughs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#109 Airlines Reservation Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#38 LIFE magazine 1945 "Thinking machines" predictions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#44 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#9 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#0 IBM & SABRE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#80 The IBM Appeal - when is a pensions promise not a promise?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#100 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#60 SABRE after the 7090
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#67 SABRE after the 7090
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#22 The Rise and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#86 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#118 The Post-IBM World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#71 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#72 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#74 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#75 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM & Apple

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM & Apple
Date: 27 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
First part of 80s, my brother was regional Apple marketing rep (largest physical region CONUS) ... and when he came into town I could be invited to business dinners ... I got to argue MAC design with the MAC developers, even before the MAC was announced. He had also figured out how to dial into the IBM S/38 that ran the business ... to track manufacturing and delivery schedules.

Story is that IBM started its downhill slide with the failure of Future System fiasco (although there was so much momentum that it took quite awhile before the dinosaur collapses) ... Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993
http://www.amazon.com/Computer-Wars-The-Post-IBM-World/dp/1587981394
.... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with SYNCOPHANCY and MAKE NO WAVES under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

...
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, communication group, internal IBM conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opens the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm. The disk division was seeing customers moving data to more distributed computing friendly platforms with a drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with several solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. The communication group datacenter stranglehold wasn't just killing disk sales but affecting the whole mainframe business and a few short years later, IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company ... gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

communication group & dumb terminal posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

We had left IBM, but get a call from the bowels of Armonk asking if we could help with the corporate breakup. Lots of business units were using MOUs for supplier contracts in other business units ... which would be in different companies after the breakup ... all those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own supplier contracts. Before we get started, a new CEO is brought in that reverses the breakup.

Along the way, former co-workers were complaining that IBM executives weren't running the business, they were totally focused on moving following year expenses into the current year ... so we ask our contact in Armonk. He says company executives (470?some) won't get bonuses for the current year in the red (regardless of how deep into the red), but if they can nudge the following year just a little into the black, the way the bonus plan was written, they would get bonuses more than twice as large as any previous bonus (i.e. effectively rewarded for taking the company into the red).

Since then the company has had a strong history of executive financial engineering ... like stock buybacks, Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

IBM downfall/downturn posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall stock buyback posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

IBM breakup and MOU posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#8 Microsoft culture must change, chairman says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#70 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#54 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#90 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#143 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#81 Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#42 Remember 3277?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#15 Leaked IBM email says cutting 'redundant' jobs is a 'permanent and ongoing' part of its business model
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#97 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#108 Some (IBM-related) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#29 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#20 How to Fix IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#40 Job Loyalty
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#5 IBM's core business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#19 Mainframes are used increasingly by major banks and financial institutions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#109 IBM downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#105 Why IBM Should -- and Shouldn't -- Break Itself Up
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#67 IBM: A History Of Progress, 1890s to 2001
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#80 Here's why Warren Buffett is unloading IBM stock
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#8 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#34 Bad History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#63 Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#78 z/VM Live Guest Relocation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#13 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#28 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#112 The Post-IBM World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#59 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#39 IBM Tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Travel

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Travel
Date: 27 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
For various transgressions in the early 80s, I was transferred from San Jose Research to Yorktown Research ... but left to live in San Jose (with offices and labs at various IBM locations around San Jose) ... having to commute to YKT a couple times a month. Work in San Jose mondays, take red-eye out of SFO to Kennedy, drive directly to YKT (bright and early Tuesday) ... and then back to SFO friday afternoon. Start out TWA ... they go under, loose my miles and switch to PanAm. PanAm desides to concentrate on Atlantic, gives up the west coast and sells off its Pacific planes to United (sometimes recognized former PanAm 747 being flown by United) ... switch to American (eventually passed million AA miles).

transgressions included being blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network ... cmc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Along the way, Bert Moldow (who was teaching networking at IBM SRI in Manhatten) wanted me to give a day's talk on HSDT activity ... he couldn't choose a day when I was NY ... so got red eye, got to SRI before it opens, teach the class, afternoon back to Kennedy; less than 24hrs from walking out the door at home to walking back in.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

HSDT was T1 and faster computer links ... we were also working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer systems ... then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually NSF releases RFP (in part based on what we already had running) ... old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

Internal politics prevent us from bidding and the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other agencies, but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comment that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

NSF network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

One of the problems, corporate required internal network links have encryption ... and it was really hard to find link encryptors faster than T1 ... so HSDT links carrying real data were essentially restricted to T1. trivia ... about the same time, major link encryptor vendor claimed that over half the link encryptors in the world were on the IBM internal network ... since nearly all internal network links (but HSDT) were communication group products, which topped out at 56kbits/sec ... they were effectively 56kbits or less link encryptors. I did get involved in doing link encryptors much faster than T1 ... but that is another story (involving certain gov. agency).

posts mentioning three kinds of crypto:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#85 Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#31 The Vindication of Barb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#77 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#44 More on Mannix and the computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#91 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Kneecapping products

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Kneecapping products
Date: 29 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
As I frequently post, communication group had corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base.

They were also kneecaping products that did get out, typical instance PS2 16mbit token-ring microchannel card had lower throughput than PC/RT 4mbit token-ring (at-bus) card.

801/risc, romp, rios, rs/6000, power, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

They were also fiercely fighting the release of mainframe TCP/IP support ... but lost and then switched that product had to be released through them (since they had strategic *STRANGLEHOLD* on everything that crossed datacenter walls); what shipped got aggregate 44kbyte/sec using 3090 processor. I did RFC1044 enhancement and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and 4341, got sustained 4341 channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

RFC1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

In late 80s, senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, communication group internal conference; supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opened with the communication group was going to be responsible for demise of the disk division; ... they were seeing customer data fleeing IBM datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales ... and all their attempts at correcting the situation were being vetoed by the communication group (*STRANGLEHOLD*).

dumb terminal posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

This was seriously affecting the whole IBM mainframe market and a couple years later, IBM had gone into the red ... and was being reorg'ed into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company ... gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

This was about the time the communication group had hired a silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP directly in VTAM. What he initially demo'ed ran significantly faster than LU6.2 ... he was then told that "everybody knows" that a *PROPER* TCP/IP implementation runs much slower than LU6.2 ... and they (IBM) would only be paying for a *PROPER* implementation (kneecaping all the way).

IBM downfall/downturn posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Marketing Trips

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Marketing Trips
Date: 29 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
We were doing lots of marketing for our HA/CMP product on the other side of the pacific ... one swing through the area ... made customer calls and classes in Hong Kong and then was to catch a plane for (our 1st trip to) Australia ... arrive at the airport for checkin and they ask where is our Australian visa ... never before required visa for britain, most of far east, who ever thought we would need visa for Australia. Turns out Australia had reciprocity ... because US required Australians to have visas, Australia require Americans to have visas (and airlines said that Australian gov. had enormous fines for airlines landing in Australia for each passenger that didn't have visa). Couldn't get flt back to the North American (take-over was coming up and flts out of Hong Kong were booked full). Fortunately our hotel lets us check back in ... while we figure out what to do. After a couple of days, we managed to get a flt to Tokyo with connecting to the US.

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Previous trips to Hong Kong we stayed at business traveler hotel next to the post office (and star ferry) ... but somebody told us next time we had to stay at hotel on the other side (very close to star ferry on the other side), somebody makes the reservation ... we arrive at Kong Kong airport and there is a Bentley waiting to take us to the hotel. For meetings, we walk out of the hotel, over to the star ferry, on the other side up the stairs and are instructed how it is possible to get around nearly every where in the city w/o going to ground level streets. Later ran across a travel industry mag that claimed it was the #1 hotel in the world that year.

One of the HK marketing calls is the "tinker toy" bank bldg ... riding up the elevator with the IBM marketing team ... a newly minted IBMer in the back asks me if I'm the "wheeler" of the "wheeler scheduler" (turns out they had studied it when he was going to univ. of Waterloo).

fair share scheduler posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

We stay in touch with one of the HK IBM marketing reps who leaves IBM about the same time we do. Later he tells about having joined a head hunting firm and his boss was the person that IBM board used to find a new CEO (former president of AMEX, then hired away by KKR to help them with LBO take-over of RJR, used some of the techniques at IBM he used at RJR).

Gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Kneecapping products

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Kneecapping products
Date: 30 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#9 IBM Kneecapping products

Monitor/trace of VTAM LU6.2 about the same time had a 160,000 instruction pathlength and 15 buffer copies (thru VTAM, the cache misses of the 15 buffer copies could mean more processor cycles than the 160k instructions). In the same time frame unix TCP/IP for something equivalent was 5,000 instructions and 5 buffer copies .... I was on the XTP technical advisory board at the time (communication group tried hard to block my participation) and we were working on protocol chip standard that would do TCP/IP straight from the application storage (with no buffer copies) ... just scatter/gather I/O (aka like data chaining channel program).

XTP, high-speed speed protocol posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM "811", 370/xa architecture

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
Date: 30 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
... trivia: 360/67 was 32bit virtual memory, more than decade later 370/xa was 31bit virtual memory. I had transferred to san jose research and about the same time got complete copy of all the "811" documents (370/xa architecture, for their nov1978 publication date) ... highest IBM classification, registered confidential ... numbered copies, signed out to specific person, required to keep under double lock and key (with special combination padlock), and subject to "surprise" audits by site security.

Nobody ever told me about restricted travel outside the country. After a few years at research, I write a speak-up saying that I was grossly underpaid with supporting documentation. I get a written answer back from head of HR saying that they had done a review of my complete employment history and I was making just what I was suppose to. I then write a response (with copies of the original and HR response) pointing out that I was being asked to interview recent graduates to be hired for a new group working under my direction ... and HR was making them offers 30% more than I was then making. I never get a written response, but several weeks later I get a 30% raise ... putting me on level playing field with new hire offers being made to recent graduates. Lots of people would remind me that in IBM, Business Ethics is an oxymoron.

posts mentioning head of HR
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#65 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#81 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#47 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#25 Globalization Worker Negotiation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#82 Kinder/Gentler IBM

Somewhere I along the way I submit an update for the "Business Conduct Guidelines"; every year employees have to sign that they've read (because I didn't believe what it said/required was strong enough). posts mentioning business conduct guidelines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#67 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#83 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History

Then I got a call from head hunter asking to interview for technical assistant to the president of US company selling IBM mainframe clones from Japan. Given my treatment at IBM, i think what the heck ... wouldn't hurt to interview. Part way into the interview they obliquely bring up what did I know about new multiprocessor architecture. I then obliquely mention having submitted an update to IBM Business Conduct Guidelines. That ended the interview. Sometime later, the Japanese parent is being sued in San Francisco for industrial espionage and I have 3hr interview with FBI agent (since my name was on bldg visitor log). I mention that possibly somebody inside IBM (like site security) had supplied the head hunter with names of people with 811 documents.

posts mentioning 811 documents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#21 S/360 development burnout?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#8 Security Proportional to Risk (was: IBM Mainframe at home)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#9 Security Proportional to Risk (was: IBM Mainframe at home)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#49 Hardest Mistake in Comp Arch to Fix
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#51 Hardest Mistake in Comp Arch to Fix
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#28 ibm history note from vmshare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#28 simple architecture machine instruction set
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#58 IBM S/370-168, 195, and 3033
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#6 If the x86 ISA could be redone
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#24 |d|i|g|i|t|a|l| questions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#42 Longest Thread Ever
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#42 Moving assembler programs above the line
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#34 IBM Plugs Big Iron to the College Crowd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#35 IBM Plugs Big Iron to the College Crowd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#18 address space
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#26 IEH/IEB/... names?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#28 Multiple address spaces
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#20 Old PCs--environmental hazard
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#27 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#31 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#16 On the 370/165 and the 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#27 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#16 Is the teaching of non-reentrant HLASM coding practices ever defensible?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#57 IBM to the PCM market(the sky is falling!!!the sky is falling!!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#28 IBM 360 Model 20 Questions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#71 IBM 360 Model 20 Questions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#76 T3 Sues IBM To Break its Mainframe Monopoly
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#30 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#0 It keeps getting uglier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#42 New Opcodes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#54 Throwaway cores
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#14 Kernels
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#31 IBM announced z10 ..why so fast...any problem on z 9
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#29 DB2 & z/OS Dissertation Research
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#6 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#39 The Internet's 100 Oldest Dot-Com Domains
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#19 What happened to computer architecture (and comp.arch?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#74 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#100 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#44 Need tool to zap core
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#2 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#3 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#8 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#10 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#22 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#72 "SIE" on a RISC architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#45 PROP instead of POPS, PoO, et al
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#15 Mainframe Slang terms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#21 Dataspaces or 64 bit storage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#32 IBM Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#18 IBM Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#43 CKD DASD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#70 vm/370 3081
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#62 z/OS 1.13 preview
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#67 IBM Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#90 A History of VM Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#20 New job for mainframes: Cloud platform
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#39 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#42 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#46 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#48 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#50 Dyadic vs AP: Was "CPU utilization/forecasting"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#2 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#8 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#12 Clone Processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#31 big-little
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#66 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#20 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#29 5 Byte Device Addresses?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#19 Co-existance of z/OS and z/VM on same DASD farm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#61 Was MVS/SE designed to confound Amdahl?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#32 REFRPROT History Question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#71 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#40 The mainframe turns 50, or, why the IBM System/360 launch was the dawn of enterprise IT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#22 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#27 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#82 Do we really need 64-bit DP or is 48-bit enough?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#88 Formal definition of Speed Matching Buffer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#116 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#85 3033
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#67 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#35 Hitachi to Deliver New Mainframe Based on IBM z Systems in Japan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#57 64 bit addressing into the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#62 64 bit addressing into the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#99 Prime
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#83 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#115 Assembler :- PC Instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#75 Versioning file systems

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 30 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
Just before I graduate there is recruitment day at the univ. and I decided to go for the fun of it (I had already accepted position at the science center, instead of staying at Boeing). There is somebody from San Jose plant site and he gives me programming test ... and told I didn't pass and no offers. I tell him that I had already accepted position at the science center.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

I took two semester hr intro to computers/fortran and within a year was hired fulltime by the univ. to be responsible for univ. academic & administration mainframe systems. IBM started assigning newly minted SEs for a couple month stay at the univ ... apparently thinking that I would help train them. I have some 3rd shift in IBM regional datacenter ... 1st shift I wander through regional center and find a MVT debugging class and ask if I can sit in, am asked to leave after 20mins because I kept suggesting better ways. Last week Jan1968, three people come out from the science center to install CP67/CMS (virtual machines, precursor to VM370/CMS, 3rd installation after cambridge itself and MIT Lincoln Labs) ... which I get to play with on weekends and start rewriting large amount of the code. Spring SHARE meeting in Houston, I'm invited to be part of the announcement. Then June, 1968, Cambridge schedules one week CP67/CMS class at Beverley Hills Hilton, I arrive on Sunday to take the class and instead I'm asked if I would teach the class (the CSC CP67 people that were going to teach the class had given notice on Friday that they were leaving to do a online CP67 service bureau startup).

The following spring, Boeing had just formed a new group in the CFO office with half dozen people, and I'm con'ed into teaching a one week CP67/CMS class during spring break (so it wouldn't interfere with classes I'm taking). Then that summer, Boeing hires me fulltime into the group to help with the formation of Boeing Computing Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment). 747#3 was flying skies of Seattle getting FAA flat certification. There was a 747 cabin mockup in bldg south of Boeing Field ... many of the early press photos were taken in that mockup. In the tour they would claim that 747 would be served by no fewer than four jetways (because of the number of people ... although I rarely saw even two). Got to hear a lot of 747 folklore from 747 engineers.

recent posts mentioning Boeing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#48 IBM Quota
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#57 ES/9000 as POK was being scaled way back
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#67 IBM Education Classes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#5 Availability

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 30 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting

... copy of part of recent comment about over seas marketing trips
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#10 IBM Marketing Trips

We were doing lots of marketing for our HA/CMP product on the other side of the pacific ... one swing through the area ... made customer calls and classes in Hong Kong and then was to catch a plane for (our 1st trip to) Australia ... arrive at the airport for checkin and they ask where is our Australian visa ... never before required visa for britain, most of far east, who ever thought we would need visa for Australia. Turns out Australia had reciprocity ... because US required Australians to have visas, Australia require Americans to have visas (and airlines said that Australian gov. had enormous fines for airlines landing in Australia for each passenger that didn't have visa). Couldn't get flt back to the North American (take-over was coming up and flts out of Hong Kong were booked full). Fortunately our hotel lets us check back in ... while we figure out what to do. After a couple of days, we managed to get a flt to Tokyo with connecting to the US.

ha/cmp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

One of the marketing calls is the "tinker toy" bank bldg ... riding up the elevator with the IBM marketing team ... a newly minted IBMer in the back asks me if I'm the "wheeler" of the "wheeler scheduler" (turns out they had studied it when he was going to univ. of Waterloo).

wheeler scheduler posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

We stay in touch with one of the HK IBM marketing reps who leaves IBM about the same time we do. Later he tells about having joined a head hunting firm and his boss was the person that IBM board used to find a new CEO.

posts mentioning Gerstner
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 30 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#14 IBM Recruiting

trivia: I asked newly minted SE if they discussed the wheeler scheduler "joke". Somebody from corporate did a review of the pending announcement and asked where are the tuning knobs (MVS scheduler was working on an enormous array of manual tuning knobs for customers). I tried explaining about dynamic adaptive algorithms. He didn't understand, he said state of the art was manual tuning knobs and w/o any, he wouldn't approve announce. So I added some tuning knobs as a joke, full source available and formulas fully documented. What I left out was manual tuning knobs had restricted (OR-related) "degrees of freedom" ... the dynamic adaptive code could fully compensate for any set tuning knob value.

"wheeler scheduler" (along with lots of other stuff) I first did for CP67 as undergraduate in the 60s and IBM picks it up as part of CP67. Then in the morph of CP67->VM370 lots of stuff is dropped and/or greatly simplified (including "wheeler scheduler", along with other stuff like multiprocessor support). SHARE (IBM mainframe user group) then starts submitting resolutions to add my stuff back into VM370. After joining IBM one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... old email about eventually migrating lots of CP67 enhancements to VM370.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

fair share scheduling posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

Note 1) Future System project 1st part of 70s was going to replace 360/370 and internal policts were shutting down 370 efforts (dearth of new projects is credited with giving clone 370 market foothold). I continue to work on 360/370 all during FS period, even periodically ridiculing FS activity. Then with FS implosion, there is mad rush to get stuff back into product pipelines which seems to have contributed to picking up a lot of my CSC/VM stuff for VM370 Release 3. However 2) the 23jun1969 unbundling announcement started to charge for software, se services, maint, etc ... but they managed to make the case that operating system/kernel software should still be free. With the rise of clone makers, the decision was made to transition to charging for kernel software and my "wheeler scheduler" was selected to be the guinea pig (I have the privilige of wasting large amounts of time with lawyers and business people about kernel software charging).

Future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
unbundling posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

other trivia: The kernel restructuring for multiprocessor support was included but not the actual cp67 multiprocessor support. However US online sales&marketing support HONE systems had consolidated in the Palo Alto (and US HONE clones were propagating all over the world, HONE was one of my long time enhanced operating system customers). US HONE had 168-3 machines and expanded to support maximum single system image, loosely coupled complex with load-balancing and fall-over (max eight systems sharing same disk farm, 3330 strings connected to two different 4channel 3830 controllers, at least equivalent to largest ACP/TPF customer complexes). For HONE, I do CP67 multiprocessor support for VM370 release 3 ... so they can add a second processor to each system (now at least twice as large as largest ACP/TPF, since they didn't have tightly-coupled support).

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
tightly-coupled, multiprocessor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

unknown reasons lost in history, I had not included multiprocessor kernel restructuring in release 3, but in the "wheeler scheduler" add-on (along with lots of other stuff). In the transition to full kernel charging, 1) only new kernel code could be charged for, 2) direct hardware support code couldn't be charged for and 3) free software (like new hardware support) couldn't have prereq requiring charged for software. The decision to ship multiprocessor support in VM370 release 4 had big problem, it required the kernel restructuring already in the "wheeler scheduler" charged for product (violating #3).

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 30 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#15 IBM Recruiting

CP67 Jan1968 .... source was assembled on OS/360. Card tray with output of assembled modules "txt" decks, physically punched cards (<2500 cards). Each module with diagonal colored stripe and module abbrev. (make it easy to replace each module with updated assembler output). Was later spring 1968 before Cambridge moved CP67 source and process to CMS and then to virtual machine CMS punching full CP67 kernel "txt" deck image on virtual punch and then ipl virtual reader to load kernel image and write it to disk for IPL.

For some <unknown> business reason in the morph of CP67->VM370 ... they kneecapped CMS so it would abort IPL if not running in virtual machine (along with large number of features from CP67 that were dropped and/or greatly simplified).

science ceenter posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Kneecapping products

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Kneecapping products
Date: 31 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#9 IBM Kneecapping products
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#11 IBM Kneecapping products

New Almanden Research bldg was heavily provisioned with CAT5, presumably for token-ring .... however they found that 10mbit ethernet over CAT5 had higher aggregate lan throughput, lower network latency, and higher per card throughput than 16mbit token-ring (AMD Lance chip at-bus ethernet card at @$69 versus IBM 16mbit token-ring microchannel card @$899).

Dallas E&S center did a report comparing 16mbit token-ring to ethernet ... only explanation I can come up for their ethernet numbers is they used early research 3mbit ethernet before listen-before-transmit and other features in the standard.

More believable ethernet analysis (and consistent with IBM Research experience) was paper in ACM SIGCOMM 8/16-19, 1988, V18N4.

dumb terminal paradigm posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

past posts mentioning sigcomm paper
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#39 Ethernet efficiency (was Re: Ms employees begging for food)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#13 packetloss bad for sliding window protocol ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#17 were dumb terminals actually so dumb???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#18 Ethernet, Aloha and CSMA/CD -
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#32 Ethernet at 40: Its daddy reveals its turbulent youth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#18 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#30 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#128 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#34 30 yr old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#41 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#108 25 Years: How the Web began
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#28 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#29 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#18 THE IBM PC THAT BROKE IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#109 IBM Token-Ring

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 31 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#15 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#16 IBM Recruiting

From the start, CP67 installed at the univ had automagic terminal type identification for its support of 1052 & 2741 terminals (tried different I/O and used the controller SAD ccw to switch port scanner type). I had to add ASCII terminal support for the univ TTY terminals ... and I extended the automagic type identification to 1052, 2741, and TTY terminals. I then wanted to have a single dial-up number for all terminal types ... aka single "hunt group"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting

... it didn't quite work, while IBM terminal controller allowed switching port scanner type ... each port had the line speed hard-wired (1052&2741 were same speed but TTY was different). Thus spawned univ project to do our own (clone) controller, build 360 channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate IBM controller but with the addition that it would support automagic terminal line speed. Later this was upgraded to an Interdata/4 for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for the port interfaces. Interdata then start selling it as IBM clone (and four of us get written up for some part of the IBM clone controller business). After Perkin-Elmer buys Interdata, it continues to be marketed by PE. In the 90s, I ran into salesman that said he had made a very comfortable living selling the boxes into federal market (and that the IBM channel interface board may have still been our 60s design).

IBM plug compatible posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm

This has discussion (by former IBM exec) of IBM Future System effort and that a major motivation was to raise the bar on the processor/controller interface, making it so complex that it would (effectively) lock out the clone controller makers.
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm

from the law of unintended consequences ... during FS, they were killing off 370 efforts (because FS was going to replace all 370s) ... however the dearth of new 370s is credited with giving 370 clone processor system makers a market foothold. There are also some claims that the VTAM/NCP interface is a survivor of the failed FS activity.

Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Note around the turn of the century I was in datacenter that handled the majority of dial-up point-of-sale credit card terminal east of the Mississippi ... and the telecommunication controller was later version of our box.

some recent refs to the ecole.org article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#42 S/360 announce 4/7/1964, 54yrs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#22 The Rise and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#97 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#118 IBM today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#34 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#2 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#2 Rise and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#70 Decline of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#133 IBM system/360 ad

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 31 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#15 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#16 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#18 IBM Recruiting

... long gone from boeing and gone from ibm in 1992 (some vague recollection that SAIC buys BCS around turn of century?). Never had clearance, even tho taught computer/security at a TLA, who would brag that they knew where i was every day of my life back to birth and challenged me to name any date ... of course this was before church commission ... I assumed it was justified because they ran a lot of my software.

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM ... I've frequently retold story about John being very vocal that electronics across the trail wouldn't work and I guess as punishment he is put in command of spook base about same time I was at boeing (but I had no idea at the time) ... some refs
https://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White
Boyd biographies has spook base $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (60s dollars)

in 89/90, commandant of the marine corps leverages Boyd for makeover of the corps at a time when IBM was also desperately in need of makeover. since then we've had regular strategy conferences at marine corps university, even after Boyd passes in 1997.

Boyd posts & refs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some other Boyd refs:
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy-Maneuverability_theory
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

Note some people from Stanford had approached IBM Palo Alto science center about IBM producing computer they were working on. PASC schedules a review and brings in people from Boca, YKT, and SJR (now ALM). All three of those locations claimed what they were doing was significantly better than what Stanford was doing and IBM declines. They then go off and do a startup. Story I was told after the turn of the century was their initial order was extremely large from the gov., all the SUN employees and the machines for that order are in a hanger near SJC and somebody from the gov enters, shakes hands with the SUN employees, then SUN employees leave and then the machines leave. Maybe they went to ground stations??

some old PASC/SUN refs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#58 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#86 IBM Goes to War with Oracle: IT Customers Praise Result
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#33 Bad History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#53 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 31 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#15 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#16 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#18 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#19 IBM Recruiting

other trivia: late 80s & early 90s, all the rage in silicon valley are object oriented operating systems ... Apple was doing "Pink" (a subset eventually is used for Taligent spinoff) and SUN does "SPRING/DOE". In later part of 90s, SUN asks me if I could consider turning SPRING/DOE out as production operating system. I do some review and then decline. SPRING/DOE and JAVA have some similar characteristics ... but JAVA/GREEN people claim it was done completely independent ... part of description of SPRING's "A Client-Side Stub Interpreter"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#32

I had hard copy, softcopy has gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine:
https://web.archive.org/web/20030404182953/http://java.sun.com/people/kgh/spring/

other past spring/doe and/or java/green posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#47 Nonlinear systems and nonlocal supercomputing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#9 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#53 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#50 The real reason IBM didn't want to dump more money into Blue Waters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#13 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#27 Java Security?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#21 New HD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#2 S/38, AS/400

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 31 Jan 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#15 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#16 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#18 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#19 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#20 IBM Recruiting

I may have stumbled across some sort of ground station once. I had HSDT project with T1 and (much) faster computer links. I got asked to talk to some government agency about how to handle sustained 100mbit/sec downlink, they had offsite facility near BWI and we met at Chinese lunch place across the street ... 3090s still had 3mbyte/sec channels (after leaving IBM was invited into the bldg several times about security issues ... but still no clearance, although periodically I felt I had to remind them of the fact).

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

got to know the senior technical director for the information assurance directorate ... one time he was running a panel in the trusted computing track at intel developors forum and asked me to talk about secure transaction chips I was doing. the guy running TPM was in the front row and I chided him that his chips were started to look more & more like my chips ... he responded that I didn't have 200 people trying to help with chip design ... reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine:
https://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp%2bs13

trusted computing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#trusted.computing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 01 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#15 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#16 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#18 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#19 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#20 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#21 IBM Recruiting

As part of fast (terrestrial & satellite) computer links, HSDT also had a pilot three-node KU-band TDMA system with 4.5meter dishes at the los gatos lab and Yorktown and a 7meter dish at bldg45 in Austin ... part of the reason I had a number of offices and labs in Los Gatos.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

One of the problems was IBM required all links leaving IBM facilities had to be encrypted and it was almost impossible to find link encryptors faster than T1 ... so we multiplexed multiple T1 links (1.5mbits/sec) with T1 link encryptors.

Los Gatos had developed their own LSM that did logic simulation (VLSI chip verification) 50,000 faster than 370/168. Then internal IBM effort came up with EVE that ran much faster and could handle larger chips ( more circuits). Bldg 86 in San Jose got an EVE. We already had T1 circuits between Austin and Los Gatos ... but then added T1 circuit from Los Gatos to roof of bldg12 on the main plant site (via T3 collins digital radio microwave) with T1 microwave from roof of bldg12 to bldg86 ... in order to give faster turn around for RIOS chip design verification (claimed that it helped bring in RIOS chip designs a year early, aka RS/6000).

I then got involved in link encryptor design that would do at least 3mbytes/sec (instead of 1.5mbits/sec) and cost less than $100 to build (along with reed-solomon forward error correcting capable of at least 3mbytes/sec, still only quarter of the 100mbits/sec the gov was talking about at the time, using COTS about the best I could do was multiplex 100mbits/sec as four 25mbits/sec streams).

The IBM corporate crypto review claimed that it had drastically weakened the strength of the official crypto standard. It took me three months to figure out how to explain to them that rather than weakened, it was significantly stronger than the crypto standard. It was a hollow victory ... they then explained that there is only one operation in the world that could use such crypto and I realize that there are three kinds of crypto in the world: 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind that you can only do for them.

3kinds of crypto posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#85 Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#31 The Vindication of Barb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#77 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#44 More on Mannix and the computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#91 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#8 IBM Travel

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 02 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#15 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#16 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#18 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#19 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#20 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#21 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting

long-winded, I've been doing this for over 40yrs, late 70s/early 80s I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about it (and the internal network, we had sent each 300 printed pages from online in 3-ring TANDEM binders, prefixed with long executive summary, which was prefixed by a shorter executive summary of the executive summary), 5of6 wanted to fire me. Possibly one of the reasons they didn't was one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... including the internal world-wide sales&marketing support HONE systems. I had worked with Jim Gray on the original sql/relational implementation (System/R) and when he left for tandem, he palms off lots of stuff on me (including DBMS consulting with the IMS group). Part of it was referred to as Tandem memos ... started out as a trip report I distributed after a visit to Jim at Tandem.

computer conferencing (& tandem memo) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
cambridge science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

A (tandem memo) item (from 40yrs ago):
Date: 04/23/81 09:57:42
To: wheeler

your ramblings concerning the corp(se?) showed up in my reader yesterday. like all good net people, i passed them along to 3 other people. like rabbits interesting things seem to multiply on the net. many of us here in pok experience the sort of feelings your mail seems so burdened by: the company, from our point of view, is out of control. i think the word will reach higher only when the almighty $$$ impact starts to hit. but maybe it never will. its hard to imagine one stuffed company president saying to another (our) stuffed company president i think i'll buy from those inovative freaks down the street. '(i am not defending the mess that surrounds us, just trying to understand why only some of us seem to see it).

bob tomasulo and dave anderson, the two poeple responsible for the model 91 and the (incredible but killed) hawk project, just left pok for the new stc computer company. management reaction: when dave told them he was thinking of leaving they said 'ok. 'one word. 'ok. ' they tried to keep bob by telling him he shouldn't go (the reward system in pok could be a subject of long correspondence). when he left, the management position was 'he wasn't doing anything anyway. '

in some sense true. but we haven't built an interesting high-speed machine in 10 years. look at the 85/165/168/3033/trout. all the same machine with treaks here and there. and the hordes continue to sweep in with faster and faster machines. true, endicott plans to bring the low/middle into the current high-end arena, but then where is the high-end product development?


... snip ... top of post, old email index

note: have some amount of old email from trout/3090 engineers about how much better than 3081 (warmed over FS technology from the early 70s used in the early 80s, not part of 85/165/168/3033/trout sequence).
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
also end of ACS/360 has references to features that show up in ES/9000 more than two decades later (ACS/360 was shutdown, IBM executives were afraid that it would advance the state of the art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market).
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

During FS period (which was going to completely replace 360/370), internal politics was killing off 370 efforts (dearth of new 370 products during the FS period is credited with giving clone 370 processor makers market foothold). After the FS implosion, there was mad-rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipeline, including kicking off 3033 (remap 168 logic to 20% faster chips) and 3081 (warmed over FS technology) in parallel.

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

I had gotten involved in doing a 16-way multiprocessor implementation and we had con'ed the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than remapping 168 logic to 20% faster chips). Most of the company thot it was really great until somebody tells the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system (MVS) has (effective) 16-way support. Then head of POK tells some of us to never visit POK again ... and the 3033 processor engineers to keep their heads down and stop being distracted. IBM doesn't ship a 16way machine until after the turn of the century, some 25yrs later. I could still sneak into POK to see the 3033 processor engineers. Once the 3033 is out the door, they start work on trout (overlapping the work by the 3081 group) which becomes 3090.

SMP (and/or compare-and-swap) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

trivia: 308x was suppose to be multiprocessor machines *only* ... however the ACP/TPF operating system (used for airline and other reservations systems) didn't have multiprocessor support ... and IBM was afraid that the whole market would move to Amdahl clone 370 machines (Amdahl single processor had almost same throughput as the 2-way 3081). Eventually IBM packages a 3081 with one of the processors removed as 3083 (for ACP/TPF, a little faster than 3033 processor, but only half the throughput of Amdahl single processor).

original from IBMJargon ... version can be found on the web
http://www.comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ... current versions removed the datamation reference.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 02 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting

regard to above comment with email mentioning Endicott moving up into highend

when I transferred to SJR, I got to wander around most IBM and cusotmer places in silicon valley ... including disk engineer&product test across the street (bldg14&15). They were doing 7x24, prescheduled, stand-alone mainframe disk I/O testing. They said they had tried MVS, but it had 15min mean-time-between-failure in that environment. I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail, which allowed concurrent, on-demand testing ... greatly improving productivity. Downside was they would point their finger at me when something wasn't working right and I had to spend increasing amount of time playing hardware disk engineer.

getting to play disk engineer in bldg14&5 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

Upside, was product test usually got the 3rd or 4th engineering machine from POK and Endicott for disk i/o testing. Got 3rd 3033 engineering machine and since I/O testing only took percent or two of the processor, we put up a private online service with spare strings of 3330 disks. Then we got 4341 engineering machine and in Jan1979 I was con'ed into doing some benchmarks (I had more 4341 access time than anybody in Endicott) for national lab that was looking at getting 70 machines for cluster compute farm (sort of the leading edge of of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami, decade precursor to doing HA/CMP cluster scale-up with national labs). Small 4341 cluster had higher aggregate throughput than 3033, much lower price, smaller footprint, and less environmentals, power&cooling.

In Apr1979 I get contacted that USAF data systems want to come out and talk about 20 distributed 4341s ... when they eventually show up in the fall, it is 210 4341s ... sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami ... old archived post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#15
with this email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404b

4300s sold in the mid-range market and about the same numbers as DEC VAXes ... at least in small number orders. Decade of VAX numbers, sliceed&diced by year, model, US/non-us
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0
Big difference was large corporations/agencies with multi-hundred 4300 orders for distributing out in departmental areas (inside IBM, conference rooms were becoming scarce commodity being taken over as 4341 rooms). However by the mid-80s, workstations and PC servers were starting to take-over that market (can be seen in the VAX numbers).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 02 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#21 IBM Recruiting

I've mentioned several times, in HSDT we were working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centeres ... then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally they release an RFP (in part based on what we already had running) ... old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

Internal politics prevent us from bidding and the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other agencies, but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comment that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

as an aside, as undergraduate in the 60s I had done a lot of work on dynamic adaptive resource scheduling algorithms ... implementing in the IBM systems at the univ ... which IBM would pick up and ship in their products. Playing with TDMA ground stations I started looking at what it would take to update the TDMA transmit/receive time-plans, dynamically adjust transmit bandwidth on-demand (rather than just simulating symmetric full-duplex fixed-bandwidth telco circuits). We talked to the NSF director as possibility for interconnecting the NSF supercomputer centers (if he mentioned it to other agencies, may have appeared like ondemand "blasting"). This would include selectively allowing multiple receivers and asymmetric traffic flows. That possibly also got me asked to participate in the Berkeley "10M telescope" ... they wanted to do remote viewing ... both from sea level and mainland (was going up ontop a mountain in Hawaii). They eventually get a grant from Keck Foundation and it is renamed the Keck observatory.
https://www.keckobservatory.org/

DEC trivia: for some reason at the time, Gordon Bell was at NSF and sat in on some of the meetings.

10M trivia: part of the effort met converting astronomy from film to CCDs and was playing with 200x200, 40k pel CCDs up at Lick Observatory (east of San Jose). However, there were rumors at the time Spielberg was funding 4Kx4K CCD (16megapel) project (for movies).

past CCD posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#20 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#73 how old are you guys
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#7 CCD technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#8 CCD technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#9 CCD technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#10 RISCs too close to hardware?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#9 Jack Kilby dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#82 ATMs by the Numbers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#85 ATMs by the Numbers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#55 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#60 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#86 OT: Physics question and Star Trek
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#55 360/20, was 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#8 We're About to Lose Net Neutrality -- And the Internet as We Know It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#76 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#50 Revamped PDP-11 in Honolulu or maybe Santa Fe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#56 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#19 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#20 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#88 Formal definition of Speed Matching Buffer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#97 power supplies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#51 Stopping the Internet of noise
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#89 Earth's atmosphere just crossed another troubling climate change threshold
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#76 George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#71 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#47 Astronomy topic drift
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#50 Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#88 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DEBE?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: DEBE?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Feb 2021 10:06:32 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
DEBE was a "do everything" program, like DITTO. one was for OS and one for DOS, but I can't recall which was which. They were both invaluable programs for things like media conversion - tape to print, etc., but, as I recall, they did a lot more. Every shop probably had a copy.

similar was LLMPS from lincoln labs ... had a small (stand-alone) multi-task monitor that could concurrently do a number of different things ... was in the SHARE contribution library ... along with documentation (originally done for 360/40)

folklore is that Univ of Michigan started out scaffolded MTS off of LLMPS (i.e. michigan terminal system, virtual memory implementation originally done for 360/67).

8. Did anything of LLMPS remain as part of UMMPS?
https://web.archive.org/web/20221216212415/http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/discussions/anecdotes-comments-observations/8didanythingofllmpsremainaspartofummps
8.1: Some information about LLMPS
https://web.archive.org/web/20221216212415/http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/discussions/anecdotes-comments-observations/8-1someinformationaboutllmps

some old archived posts mentionin LLMPS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#15 unit record & other controllers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#23 MTS & LLMPS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#25 MTS & LLMPS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#26 MTS & LLMPS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#15 S/360 operating systems geneaology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#89 Ux's good points.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#0 TSS ancient history, was X86 ultimate CISC? designs)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#55 TSS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#45 Valid reference on lunar mission data being unreadable?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#89 TSS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#54 SHARE MVT Project anniversary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#64 PLX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#41 SLAC 370 Pascal compiler found
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#31 someone looking to donate IBM magazines and stuff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#16 Xah Lee's Unixism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#20 RISCs too close to hardware?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#56 Software for IBM 360/30
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#41 PDP-1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#42 Why Didn't The Cent Sign or the Exclamation Mark Print?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#54 new 40+ yr old, disruptive technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#18 Folklore references to CP67 at Lincoln Labs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#23 T3 Sues IBM To Break its Mainframe Monopoly
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#85 IBM Floating-point myths
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#76 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#25 VM370 40yr anniv, CP67 44yr anniv
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#50 curly brace languages source code style quides
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#92 DEBE?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#35 Remember 3277?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#6 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#30 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#100 The (broken) economics of OSS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DEBE?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: DEBE?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Feb 2021 14:13:29 -1000
Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
8. Did anything of LLMPS remain as part of UMMPS?
https://web.archive.org/web/20221216212415/http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/discussions/anecdotes-comments-observations/8didanythingofllmpsremainaspartofummps
8.1: Some information about LLMPS
https://web.archive.org/web/20221216212415/http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/discussions/anecdotes-comments-observations/8-1someinformationaboutllmps


re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#26 DEBE?

this has reference to (later?) LLMPS documentation at bitsavers, dtic, and & mts archive
https://web.archive.org/web/20221216212415/http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/documentation

topic drift warning ...

lots of installations were sold 360/67 for tss/360 ... but got early 360s to work with pending availability of 360/67 with virtual memory. ... however tss/360 never really came to production fruition and lots of 360/67s ran as 360/65 with os/360 ... but some places like UofM and Stanford wrote their own virtual memory operating systems for 360/67.

Cambridge Science Center got a 360/40 and added hardware modifications to support virtual memory and developed (virtual machine) CP40/CMS ... when 360/67 became available, CP40/CMS morphs into CP67/CMS (precursor to VM370/CMS). cp40/cms ref
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

MIT Lincoln Labs got a duplex (two processor) 360/67 for tss/360 ... but became the 1st place (after cambridge) to install cp67.

I had taken two semester hr intro to computers/fortran, the univ was running 709 tape->tape with 1401 front end for unit record. At the end of the semester the got a 360/30 replacing the 1401 as part of transition to 360/67 replacing the 709/1401 and I got a job to reimplement 1401 MPIO (somewhat like DEBE) in 360 assembler (although 360/30 could directly run MPIO in 1401 emulation) ... I got to design and implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management etc. ... eventually 2000 cards with assembler option for generating stand-alone (w/BPS loader) or under os/360 (DCB macros). Trivia: stand alone version took 30mins to assemble, os/360 version took an hr with each DCB macros taking 5mins each.

I was then hired fulltime to be responsible for OS/360 and the 360/67 spent all its time as 360/65 ... univ. shutdown datacenter from 8am sat to 8am mon & I had the place dedicated to myself for 48hrs straight. Last week Jan1968, three people came out from cambridge to install cp67 (1st place after lincoln labs) ... but it was mostly restricted to my playing with it on weekends.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

some recent MPIO posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#86 OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#104 OS/360 PCP JCL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#75 CP67 & EMAIL history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#14 The PDP11 and subsequent influences
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#19 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#81 Keypunch

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 02 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#15 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#16 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#18 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#19 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#20 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#21 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#24 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#25 IBM Recruiting

Jim Gray leaves IBM SJR (and palms some stuff on me), he then leaves Tandem for DEC database group and we argue about VAX cluster versus what I was doing with HA/CMP. HA/CMP started out as HA/6000 to move the NYTimes newspaper system (ATEX) off of vax cluster to RS/6000 (for IBM CEO who was on NYTimes board). I then rename it HA/CMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing) when I start doing technical/scientific cluster scale-up with national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with RDBMS vendors. The RDBMS vendors have VAX/Cluster and Unix support in the same source base and to ease port to HA/CMP, I implementant a VAX/Cluster API (with lots of scale-up improvements). Reference to Jan1992 meeting Ellison's (oracle CEO) conference room ... to have 16-way cluster by mid-1992 and 128-way by ye1992.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Later in Jan, after the Ellison meeting, was suppose to be at LLNL meeting (we had also gotten LLNL's filesystem ported to HA/CMP which they had original done on Cray UNICOS) ... but I have other commitments and one of the other vendors represents me in the meeting and they come by afterwards to fill me in on what went on ... old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email920129

within hrs, possible day or two, HA/CMP cluster scale-up is transferred, announced as IBM supercomuter (for scientific/technical *ONLY*) and we are told that we can't work on anything with more than four processors. Part of the motivation was mainframe DB2 (a port of System/R to MVS) group was complaining that if we were allowed to continue, it would be years ahead of them. A few months later we leave IBM.

HA/CMP postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

When we were doing HA/CMP, we reported to executive that then goes over to head up Somerset (AIM, apple-ibm-motorola, power/pc single chip) ... he then leaves to be president of MIPS not long after we had left IBM. We spend some time doing stuff with SGI & MIPS. AIM Aliance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIM_alliance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC

After Oracle acquires DEC DBMS, Gray takes sabatical and then becomes head of m'soft SF research (& Gorden Bell reports to him) and this century (before he disappears) cons me into interviewing for Chief Security Architect in Redmond ... the interview drags on for a couple weeks, but we could never come to agreement.

misc archived posts mentioning Chief Security Architect
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#7 Hypervisors May Replace Operating Systems As King Of The Data Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#5 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#37 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#80 Making tea
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#60 The 25 Most Dangerous Programming Errors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#18 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#28 Computer virus strikes US Marshals, FBI affected
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#22 My Vintage Dream PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#20 Cyber attackers empty business accounts in minutes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#15 Idiotic programming style edicts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#56 Microsoft Wants 'Sick' PCs Banned From The Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#21 Closure in Disappearance of Computer Scientist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#74 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#93 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#14 The growing openness of an organization's infrastructure has greatly impacted security landscape
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#24 Old data storage or data base
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#77 Insane Insider Threat Program in Context of Morally and Mentally Bankrupt US Intelligence System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#44 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#72 *uix web security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#35 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#66 Catching Up on the OPM Breach
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#57 PL/I advertising
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#58 PL/I advertising
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#19 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#91 IBM Jargon and General Computing Dictionary Tenth Edition
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#14 Mainframe Networking problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#46 Windows 10 Pro automatic update
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#76 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 03 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#28 IBM Recruiting

... what Jim Gray said before he cons me into interviewing for Chief Security Architect in Redmond was that he couldn't have me reporting to him because he already had Gorden Bell.

The technical/scientific scale-up became IBM supercomputer ... the rest of (kneecapped) HA/CMP (no more than four processors): "PowerHA for AIX (formerly HACMP)" ref from 2010
https://developer.ibm.com/technologies/systems/articles/au-hacmpcheatsheet/

For commercial HA/CMP we were working with Ingres (commercial RDBMS spinoff from Berkeley), Informix, Oracle, and Sybase (and had lots of meetings with Epstein) ... at the time, IBM only had mainframe RDBMS (which wasn't portable).

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

trivia: Sybase founder Epstein had worked on Ingres at Berkeley and then left for Britton-Lee (did DBMS speed-up out in disk controller attached to IBM mainframes, certain 3-letter gov. agency had a slew of them). Then when Epstein leaves BLI for Teradata (before founding Sybase) ... Britton & Lee were interviewing a lot of IBM System/R people (original sql/relational) in the restaurant across the street from bldg28. They were able to convince one of the people to backfill Epstein as CTO ... who put on big rush to get me to go with him. Lee had been IBM disk engineer in the 60s and married the lab director's daughter ... was part of the big departure late 60s early 70s to silicon valley startups (later founding BLI). Sybase had done a deal with microsoft to license(sell?) copy of Sybase for SQL Server.

System/R posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

trivia: I had done bullet-proof, never-fail system so disk engineering & product test could do any amount of ondemand, concurrent testing ... and I had to spend increasing amount of time playing disk engineer ... I caught them trying to violate mainframe channel architecture with something in the 3880 ... they didn't really believe me and had me sit in on conference call with POK channel engineers. After that they tried to insist that I participate in all channel conference calls ... explaining that all their senior engineers that really understood the channel interface had left in the great departures

getting to play disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Recruiting

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Recruiting
Date: 04 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#25 IBM Recruiting

misc trivia; same time doing HA/CMP, I was on the XTP Technical Advisory Board ... working on high-speed protocol standard, had san diego naval surface warfare and safenet2 people, B2 bomber people (got the coffee cup), some others .. Chesson at SGI (chief computer scientist) had started it ... used protocol analogy of pipelining chip similar to SGI graphics engine pipelining.

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
XTP/HSP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

San Jose coworker was member of San Jose Astronomy club and told stories about Lucas bringing Star War story outlines for members to review. Later some number of people that I worked with, went to work at (Lucas) Industrial Light and Magic (ILM) up north of San Fran.

After leaving IBM in 90s, got involved with hollywood on converting all theaters from film to digital (Digital Movie Theater Syndicate; sort of the evolution of early 80s Spielberg wanting CCDs for moving off film, similar to 10M telescope wanted to move astronomy off film to CCD, referenced up thread), with digital projectors and have digital protocol integrated with admission financials for payments to studios/distributors (theaters were apparently notorious for pirating, undercounts and six months late with payments). For some reason a techie that got Oscar for Star Wars special effects was main player, driving effort (also film projection was becoming increasing EPA problem ... lots of noxious fumes from hot film).

Would reserve conference room at hotel in Century City or the Ritz-Carlton Marina del Rey for the meetings ... (Ritz-Carlton) in part because I wanted to also drop in at USC/ISI down the street. The Internet Standards editor, Postel was at ISI and he let me help with periodically published STD1 ... he also sponsored my talk for ISI & USC computer graduate departments about increasing the internet commercial availability characteristics.

internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
my internet RFC/standards index
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/rfcietff.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Indian Casino and HA/CMP

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Indian Casino and HA/CMP
Date: 04 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
as i frequently reference, last product done at IBM before leaving was HA/CMP (now PowerHA)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing

and early adopter was indian reservation opening a casino in SE Connecticut. Was suppose to have 7days of testing running the casino before opening ... but after 24hrs they decided had enough testing and opened for business (in part because the enormous amount of money they would make every 24hrs). this says they are still largest (indian) casino (original gone 404, but still at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20170920184858/https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/travel/casinos-and-resorts/foxwoods-largest-indian-gaming-resort-north-america-celebrates-quarter-century/
After the passage of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) in 1988, Hayward secured financial backing and opened Foxwoods High-Stakes Bingo & Casino Resort in 1992. By 1998, when the tribe debuted the Grand Pequot Tower, the casino resort was generating more than $1 billion in revenue.

... snip ...

top ten this says currently #2 overall (still #1 Indian) after having been #1 overall for a long time.
https://gamboool.com/top-ten-biggest-casinos-in-u-s-by-gaming-square-footage
Second on the list of top ten largest casinos in the U.S. is the giant Foxwoods Resort complex in southeast Connecticut, with 344,000 square feet of casino space, 4,800 slot machines, and 280 table games (including poker tables).

Interestingly, Foxwoods used to have 6,300 gaming machines and 380 table games before downsizing, to free up space for more bars, clubs and restaurants.


... snip ...

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HONE story/history

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HONE story/history
Date: 05 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
HONE story/history: 23un1969 unbunding starting charging for (application) software (company managed to make the case that kernel software should still be free), SE services, maint, etc. At the time, part of SE training was sort of journeyman as part of large group at customer site. After unbundling nobody could figure out how to NOT charge for trainee SEs at customer site. As subsitute, HONE (hands on network environment) was created (virtual machine) CP67 systems (precursor to vm370) with branch office online access allowing SEs to practice running guest operating systems in virtual machines. The IBM cambridge science center had done CP40/CMS on 360/40 with virtual memory hardware modifications which morphs into CP67/CMS when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available. One of my hobbies after graduating and joining CSC was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was a long time customer.

23jun1969 unbundling posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling
science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech csc/vm (&/or sjr/vm) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#cscvm
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

CSC also ported apl\360 to CP67 as CMS\APL (modified for virtual memory, increased apl\360 workspace sizes from typical 16kbytes to virtual memory size, up to 16mbytes, also added API to access system services, like read/writing files ... combination enabled lots of real world applications in APL). CSC also did a lot of performance and modeling technologies, including capacity planning and computer system analytical model in APL; the internal network and inventing GML (morphs into SGML and then HTML for the web). HONE then started offering offering CMS\APL-based sales&marketing support applications (configurators) ... which came to dominate all HONE activity and the original HONE use for SE practice with guest operating systems dwindles away.

The IBM Palo Alto Science Center then does APL\CMS for VM370 and HONE begins migration to a vanilla VM370 (in the morph of CP67->VM370 a lot of features were greatly simplified and/or dropped) until I have migrated enhancements to VM370 Release 2 base and install for HONE. archived email about migration to VM370 and making "CSC/VM" available internally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

Because of significant options with dependencies, 370-115/125 became first system that mandate running order through HONE configurator before submitting. As HONE installations are propagating around the world (initially I was asked to do some of them, one of the first was datacenter in new La Defense bldg in Paris), the US HONE datacenters are also consolidated in a bldg across the back parking lot from PASC (trivia when FACEBOOK 1st moves into Palo Alto, it is into a new bldg built next door to the former consolidated US HONE datacenter).

Cambridge enhances its APL analytical computer system model and makes it available on HONE as the performance predictor ... SEs can enter customer configuration and workload details and ask "what-if" questions about changes to configuration and workloads. THe US HONE configuration is expanded to max 370/168 shared dasd configuration with single-system-image support sharing the same disk farm with load-balancing and fall-over support. The APL performance predictor is modified to make the system load-balancing decisions. I then add CP67 multiprocessor support back into a VM370 version 3 for HONE so it can add a 2nd processor to each of their systems ... bringing configuration to 16 CPUs.

multiprocessor, smp (and/or compare-and-swap) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

Later, US HONE is replicated in Dallas (and later a 3rd in Boulder) with "fall-over" between the sites (after earthquake that hits California). ... aka disaster survivability (disaster survivability and geographic survivability are terms I coin when I'm out marketing HA/CMP).

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

trivia: APL purists criticized CSC for the way the system services API had been done ... and APL\CMS morphs into APL\SV (shared varriable, replacing the CSC system services API) ... on its way to becoming VS/APL. PASC had also done the APL microcode assist for the 370/145 (could run lots of APL at 370/168 performance) and the precursor to 5100 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5100

other trivia: Early major use of CMS/APL at CSC was Armonk loaded the holiest of IBM data (detailed customer information) and used the CSC remotely from Armonk for developing business models. We had to demonstrate significant security since the CSC system was also used online by various staff, students, and professors from various Boston/Cambridge area univ.

some past performance predictor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#50 Can any one tell about what is APL language
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#60 Hard Disk Drive Construction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#27 System/360--50 years--the future?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#71 A New Performance Model
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#69 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#36 Ransomware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#54 CMS\APL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#109 Bimodal Distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#5 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#68 Pareto efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#103 why VM, was thrashing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#109 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#27 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#85 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#106 IBM HONE

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HONE story/history

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HONE story/history
Date: 05 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#32 HONE story/history

HONE did a huge APL-application code-name SEQUOIA ... that became the user interface for standard HONE use ... in part simplifying the use with lots of help aids for the less computer literate (most branch users were automagically placed in the SEQUOIA enviroment on logon ... w/o needing to know CMS or APL). Since this was of significant size, PASC helped with adding SEQUOIA to the APL shared executable ... so there only had to be one copy in real memory ... (for all users, instead of a copy for each user) ... significantly improving performance and reducing aggregate system real memory.

Then some of the heaviest used compute intensive configurators were recoded in Fortran-H (to significantly reduce HONE CPU load) and some automagic was added to execute these in CMS Fortran environment w/o the end-user being aware of leaving/returning to SEQUOIA environment.

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

some past "SEQUIOIA" posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#9 HP-UX will not be ported to Alpha (no surprise)exit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#76 HONE was .. Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#0 HONE was .. Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#3 HONE, Aid, misc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#5 HONE, xxx#, misc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#21 "Super-Cheap" Supercomputing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#27 Moving assembler programs above the line
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#30 Moving assembler programs above the line
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#53 DCSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#52 The Fate of VM - was: Re: Baby MVS???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#53 The Fate of VM - was: Re: Baby MVS???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#62 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#77 More named/shared systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#13 IBM 5100 First Portable Computer commercial 1977
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#65 Article says mainframe most cost-efficient platform
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#28 Personal histories and IBM computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#63 Collection of APL documents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#72 Collection of APL documents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#14 HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#3 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#77 OT: but hopefully interesting - Million core supercomputer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#14 Tandem Memo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#26 This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HONE story/history

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HONE story/history
Date: 05 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#32 HONE story/history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#33 HONE story/history

The 115/125 US support group in POK told me about requiring configurator for orders ... never ordered a system myself. The POK 115/125 group con'ed me into designing/implementing an enhanced multiprocessor 125 (after future system implodes and mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines). 115/125 had nine position memory bus ... with 115 having all microprocessors the same ... with different microcode, one with 370 emulation microcode, other microprocessors having other kinds of microcode for things like I/O controller functions. 125 was identical except the processor running 370 emulation microcode was 50% faster. POK 115/125 group talks me into designing/implementing a 125 with multiple microprocessors (up to five) running 370 emulation.

However, this was at the same time that the Endicott had con'ed me into helping with the 138/148 microcode assist. Then Endicott objects to 5-way (processor 370) 125 overlapping the throughput of 148 ... and in the escalation meetings, I had to sit on both sides of the table making the technical arguments (for the respective sides). Endicott 148 wins out and I don't get to complete the enhanced 125.

Given how tightly coordinated the 125 microprocessors were, I could go well beyond the 138/148 microcode assist ... and allow 370 to do things like placing I/O requests on queues and having the disk controller asynchronously pulling requests off the queue (rather how tightly serialized the 370 SIO/interrupt interface was).

trivia: Endicott told me that 138/148 would have 6kbytes of microcode storage that I could move 370 instructions to (effectively on byte-for-byte basis) and I was to identify the highest executed pathlengths in the kernel .... archived post with initial evaluation ... 6k bytes of instructions that accounted for 79.55% of kernel CPU execution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

SMP 5-way processor 125 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#VAMPS
SMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HONE story/history

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HONE story/history
Date: 05 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#32 HONE story/history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#33 HONE story/history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#34 HONE story/history

Uithoorn HONE originated the shared dasd "compare-and-swap" channel program for loosely-coupled (rather than the traditional reserve/release ... which was much less efficient and kept a disk locked for much longer period).

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

charlie (recently passed a month ago with covid pneumonia) had invented compare-and-swap instruction (name chosen for his initials CAS) when he was working on fine grain CP67 kernel locking at the science center). Attempting to get it added to 370 was initially repulsed ... the 370 architecture owners saying that the POK favorite son operating system people claiming 360 smp test&set instruction was sufficient for multiprocessor operation. Then then said to get it added to 370, would require additional justification ... which were born the examples for multi-threaded applications (that still appear in the principles of operation).

SMP and/or compare-and-swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

Basically HONE would do a read CCW, update the data, and then do chained channel program that did search on the original data, if found update/write with the new data. Reserve/release kept the disk locked for longer periods and the effects steadily increased as the number of systems in the complex increased ... systems maxed at eight with 3330 strings connected to two 4-channel 3830 controllers.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HA/CMP Marketing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HA/CMP Marketing
Date: 06 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#10 IBM Marketing Trips
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#14 IBM Recruiting

We are to do European HA/CMP marketing trip and are set up pretty much a different city everyday ... frequently my wife and I, each have four (different, parallel) executive presentations a day, business dinner and then on to the next city. Note Oracle had previously announced that they are going to be bought by Nippon Steel ... when they get a large corporate contract from Royal Dutch Shell (6,000 seat?, including every oil rig and drilling platform) and they back out of Nippon Steel deal, Shell becomes one of our first stops. After a week we fly into Athens for the weekend ... but sleep most of it. We are at Marriott sort of down from Parthenon ... and manage to wake up enough to walk up to the Parthenon and take the tour. We then do executive meetings in Athens and then fly on to Cannes where we finish up at "Oracle World". pictures, both my wife and I, up on stage (at Oracle World) doing run through of our talks

... couple years after leaving IBM, we are told that year, HA/CMP was 2nd highest earning IBM software product (after mainframe VTAM) ... hard to believe ... no hardware drag, kneecapped at 4 processors, scale-up transferred for ibm supercomputer

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HA/CMP Marketing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HA/CMP Marketing
Date: 06 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#10 IBM Marketing Trips
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#36 HA/CMP Marketing

... (Oracle World) foils/transparency topic drift; trivia: PROFS group collected a bunch of apps and wrapped 3270 MENUS around them for the internal computer illiterate. They got a very early version of VMSG for the email client and when the author tried to offer them a much enhanced version, they tried to get him fired (things quieted down when the VMSG author demonstrated his initials were in a non-display field for every PROFS email. Similarly "FOILS"
:frontm. :titlep. :title.GML for Foils :date.August 24, 1984 :author.xxx1 :author.xxx2 :author.xxx3 :author.xxx4 :address. :aline.T.J. Watson Research Center :aline.P.O. Box 218 :aline.Yorktown Heights, New York :aline.&rbl. :aline.San Jose Research Lab :aline.5600 Cottle Road :aline.San Jose, California :eaddress. :etitlep. :logo. :preface. :p.This manual describes a method of producing foils automatically using DCF Release 3 or SCRIPT3I. The foil package will run with the following GML implementations: :ul. :li.ISIL 3.0 :li.GML Starter Set, Release 3 :eul. :note.This package is an :q.export:eq. version of the foil support available at Yorktown and San Jose Research as part of our floor GML. Yorktown users should contact xxx4 for local documentation. Documentation for San Jose users is available in the document stockroom. .* :p.Any editor can be used to create the foils. Preliminary proofing can be done at the terminal with final output to one of the printers supported by the various implementations: :ul compact. :li.APS-5 :li.4250 :li.Sherpa :li.Phoenix :li.6670 :li.3800 :li.1403 :eul. :note.:hp2.The FOIL package is distributed and maintained only through the IBMTEXT conference disk. This project is not part of our real job. We will enhance it and fix bona fide bugs as time permits. Please report bugs only via FOIL BUGS on the IBMTEXT disk.:ehp2.

... snip ...

trivia: In the mid-60s at the IBM Cambridge Science Center, CTSS RUNOFF had been reimplemened on CP67/CMS as SCRIPT. In 1969, GML was invented at the science center ("G", "M", & "L" first letters of inventors last name) and GML tag processing added to script. A decade later GML morphs into the ISO standard SGML. After another decade, it morphs into HTML at CERN.

GML/SGML posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HA/CMP Marketing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HA/CMP Marketing
Date: 06 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#10 IBM Marketing Trips
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#36 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing

IBM only RDBMS at the time was mainframe (can you see putting an MVS Mainframe DB2, each with dozen support staff at every oil rig and drilling platform?) ... major/first reason we were forced to work with non-IBM RDBMS. I believe eventually Toronto(? code-name Shelby?) got a project to implement a c-language RDBMS for OS/2 ... but even later when it was ready to ship ... it was purely/simple (PC) OS/2 and it then took even more time before it was ported to AS/400 and RS/6000 ... and even then it still didn't have cluster support

We were relying on the other (four major) RDBMS vendors that had vax/cluster support in the same source base as their unix versions (already running on RS/6000)... greatly simplifying porting to HA/CMP (I had also done an API that supported vax/cluster semantics)

First time I remember seeing AIX, RS/6000 (power) cluster RDBMS (also being called DB2, even tho completely different from IBM mainframe RDBMS, System/R, SQL/DS, DB2, etc) was 2009, nearly 20yrs later (there may have been something earlier, but we were long gone from IBM).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing

note I mentioned before, project originally started out as HA/6000 for NYTimes to migrate their newspaper system (ATEX) off vax/cluster to RS/6000. I then renamed it HA/CMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing) when I started doing technical/scientific cluster scale-up with national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with RDBMS vendors. Then cluster scale-up is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors ... possibly helping kneecaping our work was mainframe DB2 complaining if we were allowed to continue, it would be years ahead of them.

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
System/R posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM IIN

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM IIN
Date: 06 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
... no but ... I had got con'ed into trying to turn out a vtam/ncp emulator that a baby bell had done on Series/1 (significantly greater function and performance) as type1 IBM product
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#69
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

... constantly worrying about communication group corporate dirty tricks. Was told that IIN had the largest installation of 37x5 boxes ... and the head of IIN said it would really be great for them ... but was afraid what the head of communication group could do to him politically.

some more here
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0

I also had HSDT project, doing T1 and faster terrestrial and satellite links ... and had prototype 3node KU band TDMA satellite system. Supposedly IIN with bell south had single physical trunk between tampa and atlanta connecting the rest of the country, representing single point of failure ... and IIN was looking for backups.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM & Boeing run by Financiers

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
Date: 07 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
... with respect to Boeing comment (and when the financiers run the company) ... within year of taking 2 semester hr intro to computers/fortran, univ hires me fulltime to be responsible for mainframe systems. Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment). I thought Renton Datacenter was possibly largest in world (coule hundred million in 360 systems, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around machine room). However when I graduate, I join the IBM Cambridge Science Center (rather than staying at Boeing).

"John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel":
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"

... snip ...

... and Boeing contaminated by the same military-industrial complex, The 100yr, 2016 Boeing "century" publication had article that the "merger" with M/D nearly took down Boeing and might yet still.

The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout Unlike
Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas executives somehow took power in what analysts started calling a "reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought Boeing with Boeing's money."

... snip ...

Crash Course
https://newrepublic.com/article/154944/boeing-737-max-investigation-indonesia-lion-air-ethiopian-airlines-managerial-revolution
Sorscher had spent the early aughts campaigning to preserve the company's estimable engineering legacy. He had mountains of evidence to support his position, mostly acquired via Boeing's 1997 acquisition of McDonnell Douglas, a dysfunctional firm with a dilapidated aircraft plant in Long Beach and a CEO who liked to use what he called the "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers: Hire them for a few months when project deadlines are nigh, fire them when you need to make numbers. In 2000, Boeing's engineers staged a 40-day strike over the McDonnell deal's fallout; while they won major material concessions from management, they lost the culture war. They also inherited a notoriously dysfunctional product line from the corner-cutting market gurus at McDonnell.

... snip ...

Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism. Deregulation means a company once run by engineers is now in the thrall of financiers and its stock remains high even as its planes fall from the sky
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/11/boeing-capitalism-deregulation

Boyd posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Boeing posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#20 The Boeing Century
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#62 5th generation stealth, thermal, radar signature
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#106 Blogs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#42 Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#64 Strategic Bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#40 Floating point registers or general purpose registers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#47 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#53 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#86 Computer/IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#93 F35 Program
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#28 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#46 Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#87 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#14 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#14 Perry Mason TV show--bugs with micro-electronics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#75 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#90 Old hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#19 MVT doesn't boot in 16mbytes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#95 Early use of word "computer", 1944
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#11 Mainframe Networking problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#60 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#54 Pareto efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#55 Pareto efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#83 Ferranti Atlas paging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#89 The 1970s engineering recession
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#104 Now Hear This-Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#13 Now Hear This-Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#58 Failures and Resiliency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#28 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#48 OT: Farewell to 747 in U.S. service
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#117 F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#21 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#25 OFF TOPIC: Spring Break, 1947
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#109 JSF/F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#52 Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#97 George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#22 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#29 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#32 12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#35 OT: Postal Service seeks record price hikes to bolster falling revenues
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#75 CP67 & EMAIL history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#81 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#69 Digital Planes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#38 Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#39 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#69 Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#25 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#2 Rise and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#16 The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#20 The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#39 The Roots of Boeing's 737 Max Crisis: A Regulator Relaxes Its Oversight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#42 Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#60 IBM 360/67
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#33 Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#34 The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#39 Crash Course
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#64 Capitalism as we know it is dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#77 Collins radio 1956
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#84 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#110 ROMP & Displaywriter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#151 OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#153 At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#11 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#45 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#48 IBM Quota
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#67 IBM Education Classes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#5 Availability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM & Boeing run by Financiers

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
Date: 07 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#40 IBM & Boeing run by Financiers

... and with regard the Boyd reference ... I was introduced to Boyd in the early 80s and use to sponsor his briefings at IBM. In 89/90, the commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for a corps makeover (at a time when IBM was also desperately in need of a makeover) ... and we have continued to have meetings at Marine Corps Univ (even after Boyd passes in 1997)

Boyd posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HA/CMP Marketing

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HA/CMP Marketing
Date: 07 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#36 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#38 HA/CMP Marketing

copied previous post about ha/cmp marketing trips
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#10 IBM Marketing Trips

Eastern culture seem to have more interest in who a person is. At one point, people in Taiwan tell my wife that she should go by her maiden name there, because they will never forget. Her father had been command of engineering combat group in Europe during WW2 and towards the ends was frequently ranking officer getting collection of officer daggers in surrenders. After end of hostilities he refuses further command in Germany (even when promised promotion to General, possibly because what was found in the camps). He then is sent to China as military advisor to Chiang Kai-shek and brings his family over to live in Nanking (the family was evacuated in Army cargo plane on 3hrs notice to Tsingtao, when the city was ringed).

other HA/CMP trivia ... HK Hutchison Telecom was interested for cellphone service, texting, etc .... in 1991 & 1992 was surprised to see the enormous number of people in cellphone conversations on the streets and walkways (well ahead of the US).

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

some past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#27 IBM 610 workstation computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#33 IBM 610 workstation computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#27 Mount DASD as read-only
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#44 Universal constants
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#86 IBM Unionization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#47 WWII
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#90 WWII supplies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#0 I actually miss working at IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#29 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#29 IBM 1401 emulation on 360 processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#77 Qbasic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HA/CMP Marketing

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HA/CMP Marketing
Date: 07 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#10 IBM Marketing Trips
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#14 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#36 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#38 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#42 HA/CMP Marketing

other trivia: IBM later buys Informix (in Portland, one of the four RDBMS vendors were working with for HA/CMP, aka Oracle, Sybase, Informix, and Ingres)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Informix

and Informix's default commercial (unix) platform is Dynix&Sequent (also in Portland) ... which IBM also buys and shutsdown. After leaving IBM I do some consulting for Steve Chen (responsible for ymp @ Cray, and then supercomputer startup funded by IBM), CTO@Sequent (before it is bought & shutdown by IBM)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HA/CMP Marketing

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HA/CMP Marketing
Date: 07 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#43 HA/CMP Marketing

Steve Chen, Cray X-MP & Cray Y-MP, then Supercomputer Systems (IBM Kinston puts money into them)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Chen_(computer_engineer)

Thornton and Cray do cdc6600
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CDC_6600
The CDC 6600 was the flagship of the 6000 series of mainframe computer systems manufactured by Control Data Corporation.[9][10] Generally considered to be the first successful supercomputer, it outperformed the industry's prior record holder, the IBM 7030 Stretch, by a factor of three.[11][12] With performance of up to three megaFLOPS,[13][14] the CDC 6600 was the world's fastest computer from 1964 to 1969, when it relinquished that status to its successor, the CDC 7600.[15]

... snip ...

Jan1979, I get asked to do benchmarks on engineering 4341 (that I provide support for in disk product test, bldg15) for national lab that was looking at getting 70 4341s for cluster compute farm (sort of leading edge of the cluster supercomputing tsunami). Benchmark had run 35.77 cpu secs on CDC6600 ... it ran 36.21 cpu secs on "engineering" 4341 (clock was slowed down compared to what would ship production). old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email790212
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email790212b

Both Cray and Thornton leave CDC and form their own companies ... I do stuff with Thornton's company on&off all during the 80s. HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

Late 80s, I got asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff that they have been playing, which quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (including some stuff that I had done in 1980). Later some POK engineers then become involved in FCS and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically cuts throughput, which is eventually announced as FICON.

FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

I also got asked to participate in some serial stuff that started out at SLAC which becomes SCI
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface

Several companies then are using SCI to build scalable multiprocessors, Sequent and Data General use SCI to build 256-way multiprocessor using 64 boards with four Intel processors each, Convex built 128-way multiprocessor with 64 boards with HP risc/snake processor each. In theory, IBM was buying Sequent for commercial scalable multiprocessors, but then shuts it down

other trivia: mid-80s, IBM communication group was fighting hard to prevent mainframe TCP/IP from shipping, when they lost ... they change to "since they had corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls, TCP/IP had to be release though them" ... what shipped got 44kbytes/sec throughput using a whole 3090 processor/cpu. I did the enhancements for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between a 4341 and Cray, got sustained 4341 channel throughput using only modest amount of the 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

RFC1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 05 Feb 2021 10:35:46 -1000
Jim Jackson <jj@franjam.org.uk> writes:
Ethernet v. IBM Token Ring - did you know that ethernet could never work as it would collapse under moderately heavy loads?

IBM E&S center in Dallas turned out report comparing 16mbit token-ring to ethernet ... my only explanation was that they used prototype 3mbit ethernet before standard that included listen-before-transmit.

New IBM Almaden research was provisioned with extensive cat5 assuming 16mbit token-ring ... but found that ethernet had higher aggregate network throughput, lower latency, and ethernet cards had higher per card throughput

ACM SIGCOMM 8/16-19, 1988, V18N4 had extensive analysis of 10mbit ethernet ... they demonstration 30station lan with low-level device driver code in constant loop transmitting minimum size packets with effective LAN throughput dropping off to 8mbit/sec. These were $69 10mbit ethernet cards.

$899 16mbit T/R microchannel cards were significantly kneecapped ... IBM PC/RT had done their own at-bus 4mbit token-ring card and found it had higher per card throughput than microchannel 16mbit cards (and were forbidden from doing their own 16mbit T/R microchannel cards). The communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing and 16mbit T/R microchannel cards had design point of 300+ stations sharing same LAN doing dumb terminal emulation.

Claimed motivation for development of T/R and CAT5 ... was that the 3270 dumb terminals was 3270 coax was starting to exceed bldg load weights ... i.e. each 3270 dumb terminal had coax that ran from machine room for each 3270 (cable trays were becoming massive) ... communication group was trying to address the problem with CAT5 T/R lans going to IBM/PCs emulating 3270 dumb terminals.

recent token-ring/ethernet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#84 HSDT, LSM, and EVE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#24 8088 and 68k, where it went wrong
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#28 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#103 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#25 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#49 PC Personal Computing Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#109 IBM Token-Ring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#110 IBM Token-RIng
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#51 3090/3880 trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#66 Token-Ring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#72 Token-Ring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#75 IBM downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#79 IBM downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#139 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#62 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#63 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#77 IBM Tokenring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#83 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#9 IBM Kneecapping products
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#17 IBM Kneecapping products

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 07 Feb 2021 14:42:39 -1000
Jim Jackson <jj@franjam.org.uk> writes:
Perhaps you thought I was being serious, while I was being sarcastic :-) Having said that I loved the refs below...

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#45 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

somewhat sensitive, the IBM communication group was constantly claiming my examples were incorrect, disparaging our customer executive presentations, all sorts of political dirty tricks. but it wasn't just token-ring and ethernet

... we had been working with NSF director was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget and some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running) ... old archived (a.f.c) post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
Internal politics prevent us from bidding, NSF director tries to help by writing IBM a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from some other 3-letter agencies ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (further aggravated along the way with comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connected into the centers, it becomes the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

all during this period the IBM communication group was distributing all sorts of fabricated claims and misinformation about SNA versus TCP/IP. At one point somebody collects a bunch of their internal misinformation email (quite a few higher up IBM communication group executives) and forwards it to us.

NSF postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 07 Feb 2021 14:49:58 -1000
Anssi Saari <as@sci.fi> writes:
I guess I haven't either. Or I don't really know what my colleagues use since I've started in a new job during the pandemic... I remember I had an interesting talk years ago, probably in the naughties, with a stranger because I was wearing my Gnus T-Shirt. As I recall he recognized the elisp code on the shirt as lisp but wasn't an Emacs user.

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#45 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#46 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

"t" my header (gnus for a couple decades) User-Agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/27.1 (gnu/linux)

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 07 Feb 2021 15:17:15 -1000
Thomas Koenig <tkoenig@netcologne.de> writes:
The original idea of the 801 was to use it as a microcode core for other machines. They used it as a channel processor on the big iron systems later, which pretty much fits the description.

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#45 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#46 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#47 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

I periodically claim that John Cocke's motivation was to go to the opposite extreme to the complexity of the failed "Future System" design (never announced or shipped, one of the final nails was an analysis of porting a 370/195 application to FS machine made out of the fastest available hardware, it would have throughput of 370/145 ... around factor of 30 slow down).

more trivia, some info about failed FS earl/mid 70s, here
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Presentation from the 801/risc group late 76 or early 77 was that the extreme lack of features in the hardware would be compensated by compiler technology ... including 801 would have no hardware protection domain and all instructions could executed directly by application or libraries w/o needing supervisor calls, the cp.r operating system would only load "correct" programs and the pl.8 compiler would only generate correct programs.

A pitch was made to convert the huge myriad and variety of different internal microprocessors to 801/risc ... emulators used in low & mid-range 370s (801/risc iliad chips), as/400 follow-on to s/38, i/o controllers and i/o channel processors. The 801/risc ROMP chip was originally going to be used for a Displaywriter follow-on (running cp.r) but when that got killed, they decided to retarget to the unix workstation market, they got the company that had done the AT&T unix port of PC/IX to do one for ROMP ... and privilege/non-privilege hardware state had to be added (for the unix system model).

trivia: all the low/mid range 370s emulation ran about ten native instructions per 370 instructions ... not all that different that existing 370 emulators that run on Intel platforms ... and it would be all of these that convert to 801/risc Iliad chips. the (370) 4361/4381 follow-on to 4331/4341 was suppose to use 801/risc Iliad ... I helped with white paper that showed that majority of 370 could now be implemented directly in cisc chip silicon ... rather than emulation. That and many other of the 1980-era 801/risc efforts floundered and then found some number of 801/risc chip engineers leaving for other vendors.

801/risc, romp, iliad, rios, power, power/pc, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Date: 07 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#45 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#46 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#47 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#48 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

Holy Wars of the past, risc/cisc recent cross-over post from a.f.c.; I periodically claim that John Cocke's
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cocke
motivation was to go to the opposite extreme to the complexity of the failed "Future System" design (never announced or shipped, one of the final nails was an analysis of porting a 370/195 application to FS machine made out of the fastest available hardware, it would have throughput of 370/145 ... around factor of 30 slow down).

more trivia, some info about failed FS early/mid 70s, here
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

Presentation from the 801/risc group late 76 or early 77 was that the extreme lack of features in the hardware would be compensated by compiler technology ... including 801 would have no hardware protection domain and all instructions could be executed directly by application or libraries w/o needing supervisor calls, the cp.r operating system would only load "correct" programs and the pl.8 compiler would only generate correct programs.

A pitch was made to convert the huge myriad and variety of different internal microprocessors to 801/risc ... emulators used in low & mid-range 370s (801/risc iliad chips), as/400 follow-on to s/38, i/o controllers and i/o channel processors. The 801/risc ROMP chip was originally going to be used for a Displaywriter follow-on (running cp.r) but when that got killed, they decided to retarget to the unix workstation market, they got the company that had done the AT&T unix port of PC/IX to do one for ROMP ... and privilege/non-privilege hardware state had to be added (for the unix system model).

trivia: all the low/mid range 370s emulation ran about ten native instructions per 370 instruction ... not all that different that existing 370 emulators that run on Intel platforms ... and it would be all of these that convert to 801/risc Iliad chips. the (370) 4361/4381 follow-on to 4331/4341 was suppose to use 801/risc Iliad ... I helped with white paper that showed that majority of 370 could now be implemented directly in cisc chip silicon ... rather than emulation. That and many other of the 1980-era 801/risc efforts floundered and then found some number of 801/risc chip engineers leaving for other vendors.

...

I recently mentioned in another IBM Retirees post that I got con'ed into doing ECPS for 138/148 ... was to find the 6k bytes of highest executed kernel code for moving into "microcode" on nearly byte-for-byte basis and would run ten times faster
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

found 6k bytes which represnted 79.55% of total system execution and runs ten times faster converted to microcode. 10:1 emulation was was true for 115 up through 4341 (i.e. a 115 80kip 370 needed 800kip microprocessor) ... not all the different from "hercules" 370 emulation running on intel processor
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hercules_(emulator)

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
80/risc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
360/370 microcode
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360mcode

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Date: 07 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#45 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#46 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#47 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#48 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#49 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

I was doing some work on rack based clustering starting in early 80s (up through doing HA/CMP) ... to see how many processors could cram in racks. In the first part of the 80s there was Los Gatos "Blue Iliad", 1st 32bit 801/risc ... really fast, big, and "hot" ... but never got debugged. There was also Boeblingen's ROMAN 3-chip 370 that was about the performance of 168-3 (3mips).

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

funny story: SLAC had monthly mainframe user group meetings and I was regular attendee ... as were the Amdahl people. One day one of the Amdahl people sent me a package. He said he had been at Nixdorf in Germany and they showed him a copy of the ROMAN specs. He told them they weren't allowed to have it and confiscated it ... and then sent it to me (to return to Boeblingen).

some claim SLAC (& CERN) started moving to grid model started around 1980, doing their own 370s subset, sufficient to run FORTRAN program, initially "168E" (3mip performance) that did the initial sensor data collection/reduction which then was sent to traditional IBM mainframes ... these were upgraded to "3081E"
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3069.pdf
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3680.pdf
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3753.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CISC to FS to RISC, Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: CISC to FS to RISC, Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 07 Feb 2021 18:06:34 -1000
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
Yeah, that was me. IBM provided a rather heavyweight extended virtual machine and our code ran rather slowly on top of that. Someone else did a native port of BSD which ran a lot faster.

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#45 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#46 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#47 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#48 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#49 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#50 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

folklore is that they had these 200 pl.8 programmers (from displaywriter project) that needed something to do ... the claim was that with their 801 & pl.8 knowledge they could quickly create an abstract virtual machine greatly simplifying the unix port ... and the aggregate effort for both them and you ... would be significantly less than you doing the port directly.

Besides taking longer and running slower ... it also created a nightmare for people doing their own new device drivers ... having to do one in unix (AIX) and another in the virtual machine layer.

Palo Alto was working with UCB on BSD port to IBM mainframe and with UCLA port on port of their LOCUS to mainframe (they had it up and running on ibm series/1)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOCUS_(operating_system)

Then Palo Alto was redirected to do the BSD port to PC/RT (ROMP) (bare machine) instead (comes out as AOS) ... they did it in enormous less effort than just the Austin effort to create virtual machine.

Then Palo Alto also goes on to do LOCUS port to ibm mainframe and i386 (which ships as aix/370 and aix/386).

801/risc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

past posts mentioning UCLA LOCUS:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#14 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#8 Free to good home: IBM RT UNIX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#9 IBM S/360 series operating systems history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#62 How did the monitor work under TOPS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#75 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#9 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#61 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#33 Andrew developments in Rochester
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#44 Andrew developments in Rochester
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#85 SV: USS vs USS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#66 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#45 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#36 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#34 Regarding Time Sharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#76 DataPower XML Appliance and RACF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#41 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#92 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#21 The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#12 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#13 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#17 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#102 ? How programs in c language drew graphics directly to screen in old days without X or Framebuffer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#56 The Road Not Taken: Knowing When to Keep Your Mouth Shut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#114 Mill Computing talk in Estonia on 12/10/2104
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#50 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#66 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#70 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#26 30 yr old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#63 [CM] Coding with dad on the Dragon 32
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#46 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#41 What are mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#75 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#102 SEX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#45 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#66 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#76 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#109 Old word processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#63 EBCDIC Bad History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#103 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#109 ROMP & Displaywriter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Luxembourg Investigations

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Luxembourg Investigations
Date: 08 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
NEW: This is #OpenLux, a collaborative investigation led by Le Monde. that shines a light in a country where global elites profited in the shadows for decades: Luxembourg. OCCRP will publish more Open Lux stories throughout the week. Follow this page for the latest.
https://www.occrp.org/en/openlux/

... well known tax haven ... there have been periodic EU legislation trying to convince Luxembourg to clean things up.

Luxembourg Leaks: Global Companies' Secrets Exposed. New files obtained by ICIJ disclose secret tax structures sought by "Big 4" accounting giants for global brand name companies.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/luxembourg-leaks/

ICIJ nominated for Nobel Peace Prize for combating dark money flows. ICIJ and the Global Alliance for Tax Justice among nominees that also include Committee to Protect Journalists, Russian dissident Alexei Navalny and climate activist Greta Thunberg.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/fincen-files/icij-nominated-for-nobel-peace-prize-for-combating-dark-money-flows/

Campaigners slam 'toothless' COVID-19 bailout bans on tax haven companies. Critics say attempts to stop companies with tax haven links from getting emergency state aid are bland and doomed to fail.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/panama-papers/campaigners-slam-toothless-covid-19-bailout-bans-on-tax-haven-companies/

Luxembourg falls further behind EU AML rules as companies fail to disclose ownership. Luxembourg has approved a further delay for companies to register their beneficial ownership details after 53% of affected entities failed to meet the original deadline
https://www.icij.org/investigations/luxembourg-leaks/luxembourg-falls-further-behind-eu-aml-rules-as-companies-fail-to-disclose-ownership/

tax fraud, evasion, avoidance posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
money launder posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

Luxembourg posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#70 Fixing US broadband: $100 billion for fiber to every home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#36 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#95 Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#95 How The Island Of Seychelles Became A Haven For Dirty Money
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#86 Brand-name companies' secret Luxembourg tax deals revealed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#93 Brand-name companies' secret Luxembourg tax deals revealed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#95 weird apple trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#2 weird apple trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#6 weird apple trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#9 weird apple trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#8 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#46 Remember 3277?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#4 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#48 These are the companies abandoning the U.S. to dodge taxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#60 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#81 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#29 Ernst & Young Confronts Madoff's Specter in Trial Over Audits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#80 Thanks Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#85 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#98 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#17 Globalization Worker Negotiation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#94 Pension Funds at Risk
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#93 Delta Outage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#45 OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#100 D.C. Hivemind Mulls How Clinton Can Pass Huge Corporate Tax Cut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#109 Airlines Reservation Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#58 Every US taxpayer has effectively paid Apple at least $6 in recent years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#18 IBM Pension
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#6 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#25 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#65 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#80 The IBM Appeal - when is a pensions promise not a promise?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#100 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#71 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#5 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#59 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#11 Hell is ... ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#14 On The Deficit, GOP Has Been Playing Us All For Suckers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#50 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#93 Trump Administration Scaling Back Rules Meant to Stop Corporate Inversions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#99 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#134 12 EU states reject move to expose companies' tax avoidance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#2 Office jobs eroding

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Research, Yorktown versus San Jose (later Almaden)

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Research, Yorktown versus San Jose (later Almaden)
Date: 08 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
After I sponsored Boyd's briefings in San Jose Research auditorium, I was told that important people had to be scheduled to give their talk in Yorktown research auditorium first (before giving talk in SJR).

On the other hand I first tried to get Boyd's briefings done through plant site education. At first they agreed but after I provided more information on the briefings and prevailing in competitive situations ... they changed their mind and said I should restrict the briefings to senior members of competitive analysis departments *ONLY*. They explained that IBM spends a great deal of money on managers dealing with employees and it wouldn't be in the best interest of the company to expose general employees to Boyd.

boyd posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

boyd refs
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy-Maneuverability_theory
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

... semi-unrelated ... I had refreshments scheduled for conferences and the cafeteria would put them out before auditorium breaks ... but they would nearly disappear before breaks happened ... put up large signs for "ATTENDEES ONLY!" ... still nearly disappear. Finally had to have cookie guards stand over them preventing those passing by from snarfing them all up.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In the 1970s, Email Was Special

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: In the 1970s, Email Was Special
Date: 10 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://gizmodo.com/in-the-1970s-email-was-special-1846227232

we did email ... but between people on the same machine and then later on the internal network (well before arpanet cut-over to internet 1jan1983) ... similar to ctss & multics ... some of the ctss people went to multics on the 5th flr, others went to the science center on the 4th flr. Electronic Mail and Text Messaging in CTSS, 1965 - 1973
https://multicians.org/thvv/anhc-34-1-anec.html

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

co-worker at IBM cambridge science through the 70s and then we transferred to san jose research in 1977 (he passed aug2020) was responsible for the internal network which was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s ... book about being bullied as a child: brutal US culture of bullying, stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity, "It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
IT'S COOL TO BE CLEVER tells the true story of an inquisitive boy in the 1950s who doesn't fit in at school. Edson Hendricks is bullied because he is so smart (people accuse him of getting answers from his father who is the principal) and has red hair. He finds comfort in an imaginary world where he has machine parts, and no internal organs or emotions.

... snip ...

also wikipedia entry, Edson Hendricks
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Starting early 80s I had HSDT project and later we were working with director of NSF and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally NSF releases RFP (in part based on what we already had running) ... old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
Internal politics prevent us from bidding, NSF director tries to help by writing IBM a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from some other 3-letter agencies ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (further aggravated along the way with comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connected into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSF interconnect posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

SJMerc article about Edson and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
Above article references Ed's website, other articles from Ed ... from the wayback machine.
https://web.archive.org/web/20000115185349/http://www.edh.net/bungle.htm

internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In the 1970s, Email Was Special

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: In the 1970s, Email Was Special
Date: 10 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#54 In the 1970s, Email Was Special

we had a little rivalry between the 4th and 5th flrs ... they had a bunch of interesting customers ... including
https://www.multicians.org/mga.html#AFDSC

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech csc/vm (&/or sjr/vm) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#cscvm

one of my hobbies after joining 4th flr was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters. however, it wasn't fair to compare the number of cp67(later vm370) customers with the total number of multics installations ... it wasn't even fair to compare the total number of internal IBM datacenters with total number of multics installations ... however at one point ... after converting a lot of enhancements from cp67 to vm370 ... some old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

I had more csc/vm installations than the total number multics installation that ever existed. Then after transfering to the west coast ... and doing bullet proof i/o supervisor so that the disk engineering & product test labs could use it for ondemand, concurrent testing ... Jan1979, I get con'ed into doing 4341 benchmarks for national labs that was looking at getting 70 for cluster compute farm (sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami) then a couple months later I get email that col. & some majors from AFDSC want to come out and talk about getting 20 distributed 4341s ... however by the time they get around to coming out the following fall it had grown to 220 4341s (sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami) ... old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404b
in this post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#15

disk engineering posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In the 1970s, Email Was Special

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: In the 1970s, Email Was Special
Date: 10 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#54 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#55 In the 1970s, Email Was Special

Other trivia ... ykt did a ITPS gateway for internal network ... could send/receive ITPS via email

VMSG added ITPS gateway support by sept1980 .... also summer of 1980 we were looking at adding ITPS field to the internal online phonebooks (in addition to the email address field)

... header of my first ITPS test message response (sent to myself via the ykt gateway):

ITPS MSG IUO ASPL NOCC CARD IUO
VITPS0001 04/16/80--09:15:48 + To: ASPL IUO From: SJRLVM1 WHEELER


internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In the 1970s, Email Was Special

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: In the 1970s, Email Was Special
Date: 10 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#54 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#55 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#56 In the 1970s, Email Was Special

other internal network trivia: when arpanet was converting to internetworking protocol 1jan1983, it had 100 IMP networking nodes with approx. 255 connected hosts ... at the time when the IBM internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes ... that it passed a little later in the year ... internal network was going through rapid explosion of vm/4341 nodes ... old post with list of world-wide corporate locations that added one or more new network nodes in 1983 (along with sample of some of the weekly updates)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

other HSDT trivia (doing T1-1.5mbits/sec and faster computer links) ... problem was that corporate required link encryptors on sat. & terrestrial links ... T1 link encryptors were expensive and it was almost impossible to find faster link encryptors (standard communication group 37x5 were kneecapped at 56kbits, and I was constantly getting poison arrows from Raleigh). I then got involved in doing link encryptor board (with reed-solomon FEC) designed to run at least 3mbyte/sec (not mbit) and cost <$100 to build. At 1st corporate crypto group said that it severely weakened crypto standard ... it took me 3months to figure out how to explain instead of weaker, it was significantly stronger. It was hollow victory, I was then told only one organization in the world can use such crypto, I could build as many as I wanted but had to send all to them. It was when I realized that there are three kinds of crypto in the world 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind you can only do for them.

communication group funny story: mid-80s, HSDT was having custom hardware built on the other side of the pacific. Friday before I was to go visit, got announcement from Raleigh about new online "high-speed" discussion group with the following definitions ... low-speed: 9.6kbits, medium speed: 19.2kbits, high-speed: 56kbits, very high-speed: 1.5mbits. Monday on conference room wall on the other side of the pacific: low-speed: <20mbits, medium speed: 100mbits, high-speed: 200-300mbits, very high-speed: >600mbits.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

some 3kinds crypto posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#44 More on Mannix and the computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#91 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#8 IBM Travel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HSDT SFS (spool file rewrite)

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HSDT SFS (spool file rewrite)
Date: 10 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#54 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#55 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#56 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special

example, from "same" day (upthread re: testing ITPS via email); somebody in Sydney (Australia) complaining to me about some problem with east coast internal network ... turns out problem with TDCSYS4 grinding to a halt ... and those connecting to TDCSYS4 were showing errors with TDCSYS4 links ... but TDCSYS4 wasn't showing errors because it was running so slow (my reply to Sydney is before their's was sent).


Date: 04/17/80--09:54:14

To: wheeler
From: SYDVM1 xxxxx

Lynn, don't know what the heck is happening over there at YKT, but the whole of CJN seems to have ground to a halt there. I presume files are actually getting out of there somehow, but your VM/SP file to me appears to be regressing .. actually getting further from the start of the q. I presume other people have been complaining also. Maybe you (San Jose, although problems also from Santa Teresa) should look at alternative routes to aviod YKT while they are in this state? Regards,

... snip ... top of post, old email index


Date: 04/16/80 16:10:14

From: wheeler
To: SYDVM1 xxxx

tdcsys4 doesn't show a lot of errors or time-outs but YKT does. Implication is that TDCSYS4 VNET machine is periodically hanging which results in time-outs for VNETs that are connected to it (but aren't reflected at TDCSYS4 because it was running so slow). they appear to realize the problem and are working on VNET at TDCSYS4. Files are queueing up all around TDC. I can try resending via STL(->PLKSA->TDCSYS4) but would guess it would queue up at PLKSA waiting for TDCSYS.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

note this just before I was starting HSDT ... not only had T1 links running nearly 30 times faster than CJNNET backbone 56kbit links ... but I had to get (VM/370) VNET/RSCS (and later tcp/ip) running 30 times faster. VNET/RSCS used a synchronous interface to disk (spool) for staging traffic ... on an otherwise moderately loaded system, this could be aggregate 5-8 4k records/sec (20-30kbytes/sec or maybe 200-300kbits/sec aggregate, enough for maybe 4-6 56kbit links) ... I would run multiple T1 full-duplex (1.5mbit/direction, 3mbit/full-duplex or 300kbyte/sec/link, 75 4krecords/sec/link). I needed a) asynchronous interface (VNET/RSCS could overlap execution while waiting for disk transfers) b) multiple disk load balancing c) contiguous allocation for larger files with multi-record transfers (along with read-ahead & write-behind). What I did was re-implement the vm370 spool in pascal running in a virtual address space ... with whole lot of increased throughput features that VNET/RSCS could use.

old email about presenting HSDT SFS rewrite at several (customer & IBM) user group meetings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#email870220
in this archived post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#25

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

some past SFS (rewrite) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#43 Migrating pages from a paging device (was Re: removal of paging device)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#7 More newbie stop the war here!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#44 PDP-10 Archive migration plan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#26 Microkernels are not "all or nothing". Re: Multics Concepts For
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#63 SPXTAPE status from REXX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#19 HERCULES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#3 History of C
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#38 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#28 MVCIN instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#35 Charging Time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#21 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#45 The Complete April Fools' Day RFCs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#26 Does software life begin at 40? IBM updates IMS database
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#22 Was CMS multi-tasking?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#63 Operating Systems for Virtual Machines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#12 Calling ::routines in oorexx 4.0
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#26 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#35 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#25 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#29 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#18 VM Workshop 2012
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#23 VM Workshop 2012
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#24 Co-existance of z/OS and z/VM on same DASD farm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#91 rebuild 1403 printer chain
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#77 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#81 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#24 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#57 HA/CMP, HA/6000, Harrier/9333, STK Iceberg & Adstar Seastar

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

370 Virtual Memory

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 370 Virtual Memory
Date: 11 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
I remember Ludlow having 360/67 and adding virtual memory to MVT and borrowing CCWTRANS from CP67 to add to EXCP (i.e. make a copy of the passed channel program replacing the virtual addresses with real addresses) for SVS prototype (similar to running MVT in CP67 16mbyte virtual machine)

other trivia: customer asked if I could track down IBM decision to move to virtual memory for all 370s. Found somebody who said that MVT storage management was so bad that typical regions had to be four times larger than used ... a typical 1mbyte 370/165 could only support four regions. Moving to 16mbyte virtual memoy allowed number of regions to be increased by factor of four with little or no actual paging.

Old archived post with pieces of his response:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

... I also got into dustup with POK performance analysis group about the page replacement algorithm for SVS .... it wasn't until well into MVS releases it finally dawns on somebody and they get an award for fixing it (I would joke about being a POK strategy, do it wrong so people can't get awards later for fixing it)

... the issue was choosing non-changed pages for replacement (before changed pages) because it didn't require writing the changed page out. Well into MVS releases it finally dawned on somebody that high use, shared, read-only, linkpack pages were chosen for replace before low-use application changed pages.

a few other references:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#74 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#81 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#1 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#5 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#8 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#10 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#26 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#44 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#47 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#73 Wylbur, Orvyl, Milton, CRBE/CRJE were all used (and sometimes liked) in the past
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked
Date: 12 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked
https://evonomics.com/maximizing-shareholder-value-dumbest-idea/

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.ineteconomics.org/perspectives/blog/how-economists-turned-corporations-into-predators

Why the "Maximizing Shareholder Value" Theory of Corporate Governance is Bogus
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html
One mantra you see regularly in the business and popular press goes something along the lines of "the CEO and board have a fiduciary duty to maximize shareholder value." That is untrue. Moreover, the widespread acceptance of that false notion has done considerable harm.

If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in particular.


... snip ...

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html
Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel, even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world."

... snip ...

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
pg127/loc2480-82:
On the face of it, shareholder value is the dumbest idea in the world. Shareholder value is a result, not a strategy… Your main constituencies are your employees, your customers and your products. —Jack Welch, 2009

... snip ...

past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#84 3Q earnings are becoming the norm at IBM. What is IBM management overlooking?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#34 IBM sells x86 server business to Lenovo (was Levono)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#101 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55 Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#65 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#36 IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#54 Why the Pursuit of Shareholder Value Kills Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#5 IBM's core business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#97 IBM Another Disappointment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#22 OT: book: "Capital in the Twenty-First Century"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#37 Disregard post (another screwup)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#46 Disregard post (another screwup)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#14 How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#35 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#46 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#49 The 50 Largest Stashes of Cash Companies Keep Overseas
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#36 OT: Trump
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HSDT SFS (spool file rewrite)

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HSDT SFS (spool file rewrite)
Date: 12 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#58 HSDT SFS (spool file rewrite)

Also repeated Oct1986 History of VM performance at various user group meetings in 1987 ... recent posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#4 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#17 Performance History, 5-10Oct1986, SEAS

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

other past posts about hillgang:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#37 Fixed-Point and Scientific Notation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#72 tape blocking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#81 big iron mainframe vs. x86 servers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#37 Hillgang user group presentation yesterday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#63 tty
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#64 terminal type and queue drop delay
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#74 bulletin board
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#0 tty
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#12 user group meetings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#17 old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#38 old modems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#40 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#83 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#77 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#31 What was old is new again (water chilled)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#72 A History of VM Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#86 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#88 Hillgang -- VM Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#90 A History of VM Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#81 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#3 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#68 Other early NSFNET backbone
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#18 VM Workshop 2012
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#93 OT: Electrician cuts wrong wire and downs 25,000 square foot data centre
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#52 Some IBM Research RJ reports
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#78 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Early Computer Use

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Early Computer Use
Date: 12 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
I took two semester hour intro to fortran/computers ... univ had 709 tape->tape with 1401 front end handling unit record (tapes physical moved between 1401 and 709 tape drives). Univ. was sold 360/67 supposedly for tss/360 (replacing 709/401) but tss/360 never quite came to fruition so ran as 360/65 with os/360. Within year of taking fortran/computer intro class, I was hired fulltime to be responsible fo os/360 systems ... the univ. datacenter shutdown from sat8am until mon8am and I had 360/67 for my personal computer for 48hrs straight (although 48hrs w/o sleep would make monday morning class difficult).

Before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into a independent business unit to better monetize the investment, just Renton datacenter had couple hundred million in 360s stuff). CFO had 360/30 up at boeing field for payroll ... they enlarge the machine room to install 360/67 for me to play with.

spacewar created 1962 for PDP1.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spacewar!

When I joined science center, somebody had ported it to 2250-4 (2250 with 1130 as controller)
http://www.ibm1130.net/functional/DisplayUnit.html
... and I would bring my kids in on weekends and let them play.

1980, creator of REX(x) produced multi-user client/server spacewar game ... using internal "SPM" for client/server interface, VNET/RSCS product had SPM support even though SPM was only available internally ... as result clients didn't have to be on same machine as server.

One issue was almost immediately ROBOT players appeared beating all human players (in part because their response was much faster than human). Server was then modified to increase energy use non-linearly as interval between responses dropped below human threshold ... trying to level playing field.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Boeing Computer Services posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#28 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#25 OFF TOPIC: Spring Break, 1947
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#22 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#60 IBM 360/67
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#151 OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#153 At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#5 Availability

SPM posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#32 z900 and Virtual Machine Theory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#51 other cp/cms history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#47 To RISC or not to RISC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#8 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#16 intersection between autolog command and cmsback (more history)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#11 vm/sp1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#14 more shared segment archeology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#25 IBM 360 Model 20 Questions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#22 Was CMS multi-tasking?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#41 Was CMS multi-tasking?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#73 Addressing Scheme with 64 vs 63 bits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#67 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#0 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#33 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#28 CSC History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#56 VAXen on the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#66 Wasn't instant messaging on IBM's VM/CMS in the early 1980s
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#24 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#64 Typeface (font) and city identity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#7 Operating System, what is it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#36 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#77 Spacewar! on S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#27 RBS Mainframe Meltdown: A year on, the fallout is still coming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#38 1969 networked word processor "Astrotype"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#42 1969 networked word processor "Astrotype"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#1 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#48 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#93 Costs of core
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#48 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#9 PROFS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#99 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#17 IBM Destination z - What the Heck Is JCL and Why Does It Look So Funny?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#1 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#5 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#37 CMS style XMITMSG for Unix and other platforms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#104 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#46 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Early Computer Use

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Early Computer Use
Date: 13 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#62 Early Computer Use

... with lots of topic drift

At the end of intro class semester, the 1401 had been replaced with 360/30 as part of transaction and i got a student programming job to reimplement 1401 MPIO (tape<->unit record) on 360/30 (they could continue to run MPIO in 1401 emulation on 360/30 but I guess it was part of getting 360 experience). I had to learn 360 architecture, assembler/instruction on my own and got to design and implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, etc. It was start of getting 48hr dedicated weekend time with 360/30 as my personal computer (later as fulltime employee became 360/67). Eventually 2000 cards with assembler option for stand-alone or OS/360. The "stand-alone" took 30mins to assemble. The OS/360 version took 60mins to assembler ... 5-6mins for each OS/360 DCB macro.

recent mention of MPIO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#81 Keypunch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?

A few years ago, a customer asked me if I could track down the decision to move all 370s to virtual memory ... and I found one of the people involved ... pieces of his account:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73
basically MVT storage management was so bad that region size had to be four times larger than actually used ... typical 1mbyte 370/165 then only supported four regions. Moving to SVS 16mbyte virtual address space allowed number of regions to be increased by factor of four with little or no paging. Ludlow basically added code to MVT on 360/67 to build single 16mbyte virtual address table and borrowed CCWTRANS from CP67 to hack into the side of EXCP to create copy of channel programs with real addresses instead of virtual address (it was similar to running MVT in a CP67 16mbyte virtual machine, but with pieces of CP67 grafted into MVT).

other recent ref
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#59 370 Virtual Memory

I then got into dustup with POK performance group on their (incorrect) "optimization" for the page replacement algorithm ... they eventually said, it didn't matter because there would be almost no paging operations. It wasn't until well into MVS releases that it dawned on somebody how bad it was and got a award for undoing the optimization.

However, MVS created a different problem, each application got its own 16mbyte virtual address space ... however because of the pervasive os/360 pointer passing API ... they mapped a 8mbyte copy of the kernel into each address space (leaving only 8mbytes for applications). Then because subsystems were outside the kernel, each in their own address space, they needed a way that subsystems could access parameters from calling applications ... spawning the 1mbyte common segment area (CSA common 1mbyte area in each address space, reducing application space to 7mbytes). However, CSA space requirement was proportional to number of concurrent applications and subsystems and by 3033, customer CSAs (now common system area) were running 5-6mbytes (leaving 2-3mbytes for applications) and threatening to increase to 8mbytes (leaving zero bytes for applications).

trivia: Burlington had a major 7mbyte fortran chip application ... and required custom MVS system with single mbyte CSA ... and was constantly bumping up against the 7mbyte brick wall every time they made changes. Los Gatos VLSI lab offered them help with VM370 system where they could have a 16mbyte virtual address space (minus 128kbyte needed for CMS).

a few common segment (CSA) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#40 OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#60 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#90 IBM Embraces Virtual Memory -- Finally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#116 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#78 Mainframe Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#3 S/360 stacks, was self-modifying code, Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#111 Definition of "dense code"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#8 BSAM vs QSAM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#61 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#40 Mainframe Family tree and chronology 2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#92 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#23 VS History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#106 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#18 IBM assembler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#25 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#94 MVS Boney Fingers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#115 Assembler :- PC Instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#36 IBM S/360 - 370

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Early Computer Use

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Early Computer Use
Date: 13 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#62 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use

... with lots more topic drift

ok, tape->tape stories, 709 tape->tape student fortran jobs ran in under a second elapsed time each. Initial transition to os/360, each took over a minute ... enormous amount of os/360 disk arm thrashing around. I installed HASP and cut the time in half. I then carefully redid STAGE2 SYSGEN for file/member placement to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search ... cutting by nearly additional 2/3rds. It wasn't until WATFOR monitor was installed that student fortran job elapsed time beat 709 (WATFOR single step monitor with batched jobs, around 40-60 cards/job ... and WATFOR ran around 20,000 statements/min on 360/65). old post with part of MFT14 & CP67 SHARE presentation from 1968 with some discussion of the SYSGEN optimization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

a few other recent sutdent forttran posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#86 OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#104 OS/360 PCP JCL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#28 CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#88 Fwd: Happy 50th Birthday CICS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#26 direct couple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#19 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#26 What's Fortran?!?!

Mid-90s had left IBM, and was doing some work for financial outsourcing company that handled over half of all credit card accounts in the US (dataceenter with >40 max configured IBM mainframes, constant rolling upgrades, none older than 18 months). They wanted to keep 18-24month profile of each account to allow some analysis of buying habits. They started with DBMS design but simple back of the envelop calculations showed that nightly updates would take a month and a monthly summary might take a year. We started with simple, small pilot of 60million accounts ... before scaling up to over ten times that. Instead of disk DBMS, replaced it with tape->tape update using Sequent multiprocessor numa-q and IBM 3590 tapes. Initial summary was written to 3590 in sorted account order. Nightly process was then to sort all transactions (peak purchase period could be 10-20million transactions) by account number and then apply updated summary tape->tape. Monthly process was then to stream 3590 for summary information that might be printed on customer monthly statement.

3590 at the time 10g/20g, numa-q with escon channels, around 10mins/tape (uncompressed), 20mins/tape (compressed) ... about saturated escon. Double that if both input&output on same escon otherwise needed dedicated escon channels for each drive. For the "small" (60M accounts) pilot could get everything on one tape.

old posts mentioning 3590
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#10 Tapes (3590) and VM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#33 threads versus task
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#72 FICON tape drive?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#67 Architectural Diversity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#68 Entry point for a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#70 Entry point for a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#13 What was the historical price of a P/390?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#13 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#62 RCA Data Record File?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#67 Is end of mainframe near ?

trivia: numa-q used SCI ... that came out of some work at SLAC ... which I had been asked to participate with (while at IBM).

other trivia: in 1988, I had been asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were playing with which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff I had done back in 1980). Much later some POK engineers start playing with FCS and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput which eventually ships as FICON (still much better than ESCON). Most recent published benchmarks I find for FICON is a z196 "peak i/o" that got 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (over 104 FCS) ... about same time a FCS for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such native FCS higher throughput than 104 FICON).

FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 13 Feb 2021 11:52:02 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
If interactive was that slow, how many days would they have to wait for a batch job?

I'm ashamed to admit it, but sometimes on Sigma/UTS I'd sit and hit attention/continue, because hitting attention gave a temporary boost to the job priority.


I fixed that in CP67 as undergraduate and then it (and a bunch of other stuff) was unfixed in the CP67->VM370 morph ... and I had to fix it again ... but it was a decade after that I fixed it in CP67, before I was allowed to ship the VM370 fixes to customers (and only in the newly created category of charging for kernel addons).

posts in this thread:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#45 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#46 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#47 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#48 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#49 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#50 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#51 CISC to FS to RISC, Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

where did RISC come from, Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: where did RISC come from, Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 13 Feb 2021 12:07:46 -1000
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
These days the transistor budget is enormous so there's less reason to leave out instructions that might be useful, but there's still plenty of cases where we see that a series of simpler instructions are faster than the complex one, with procedure calls the obvious example.

articles starting in late 90s that I86 chips were getting hardware layer for translating instructions into risc micro-ops for execution
https://www.anandtech.com/show/1998/3
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=12353489
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5806589/why-does-intel-hide-internal-risc-core-in-their-processors
https://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/188268/difference-between-micro-operations-in-risc-and-cisc-processors
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_Microcode
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/1281676
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-540-93799-9_4
http://sunnyeves.blogspot.com/2009/07/intel-x86-processors-cisc-or-risc-or.html

posts in this thread
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#45 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#46 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#47 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#48 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#49 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#50 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#51 CISC to FS to RISC, Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#65 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fumble Finger Distribution list

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Fumble Finger Distribution list
Date: 13 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
I had started doing collection of email addresses about the same time started collecting plant site softcopy for the online phone books (as well as various merging efforts adding the email addresses to the online phone books). At one point an executive (that I had been direct report) was leaving IBM and asked me to send out his "goodby" email ... fumble fingered the distribution list and it went out to over 25,000 (at least it went blind copy/bcc rather than cc). I got loads of responses from people that had no idea why they were receiving the email.

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

recent posts mentioning email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#15 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#24 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#32 HONE story/history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#44 HA/CMP Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#46 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#54 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#55 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#56 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#58 HSDT SFS (spool file rewrite)

posts mentioning online phone books
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#33 Mainframers: Take back the light (spotlight, that is)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#32 Shipwrecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#38 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#3 Flat Query
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#26 IEH/IEB/... names?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#44 FULIST
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#22 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#26 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#39 sorting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#32 Effi[ci]ency of branch table vs individual compare & branch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#6 Timeline: The evolution of online communities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#51 8 ways the American information worker remains a Luddite
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#1 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#5 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#15 Old word processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#85 IBM Auditors and Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#56 In the 1970s, Email Was Special

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM S/38

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM S/38
Date: 13 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
My brother was Apple regional marketing rep (largest physical area CONUS) and I could be invited to business dinners when he came for hdqtr visits (I got to argue MAC design with the designers before it was announced, they understood I didn't divulge IBM proprietary info to them and I didn't divulge Apple proprietary info to IBM). He would tell story about figuring out how to remotely dial into the S/38 that ran Apple, to track manufacturing and delivery schedules.

Later there is story about how Cray used an Apple to design a Cray and Apple used a Cray to design MACs (former IBM co-worker in San Jose was hired to simulate MAC interface & human factors using super resolution display on 100mbyte/sec Cray channel, could vary resolution, detail, response, etc).

loads of s/38 posts, after FS, early RAID use, AS/400 precursor, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#11 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#68 Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#84 CPU time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#75 Bloat
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#76 assembler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#48 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#50 The mainframe turns 50, or, why the IBM System/360 launch was the dawn of enterprise IT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#53 The mainframe turns 50, or, why the IBM System/360 launch was the dawn of enterprise IT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#96 IBM architecture, was Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#97 IBM architecture, was Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#9 With hindsight, what would you have done?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#69 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#72 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#73 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#74 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#87 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#18 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#30 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#31 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#39 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#73 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#75 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#77 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#20 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#19 Microsoft Open Sources .NET, Saying It Will Run on Linux and Mac
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#115 Mill Computing talk in Estonia on 12/10/2104
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#172 Slushware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#60 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#105 IBM System/32, System/34 implementation technology?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#1 IBM System/32, System/34 implementation technology?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#3 30 yr old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#58 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#59 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#62 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#66 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#78 Microcode
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#115 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#38 British socialism / anti-trust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#97 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#66 just what is micro-code anyway?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#7 SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#60 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#86 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#61 Typesetting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#87 How a few yellow dots burned the Intercept's NSA leaker
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#28 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#29 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#66 Is AMD Dooomed? A Silly Suggestion!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#34 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#95 why VM, was thrashing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#98 OS-9
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#43 Low end IBM System/360 (-30) and other machines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#12 Soon, the Only Alternatives to Windows Server will be open-source
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#18 Old word processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#5 DOS & OS2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#69 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#28 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#54 Tachyum Prodigy: performance from architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#95 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#37 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#49 PC Personal Computing Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#118 The Post-IBM World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#52 S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#2 S/38, AS/400
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#32 IBM Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#33 IBM Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#10 IBM Midrange today?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#50 does anyone recall any details about MVS/XA?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#7 IBM & Apple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#20 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#48 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#49 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fumble Finger Distribution list

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Fumble Finger Distribution list
Date: 13 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#67 Fumble Finger Distribution list

little drift, author of REX(X) did xmas exec original 1981, if ran on 3279 it would blink colored lights, I've tried to do HTML emulation ... archived here ... colors & blinking aren't as bright
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#54

it wasn't the christma exec(/worm) from dec87, past reference from vmshare archives (10dec87)
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse.cgi?fn=CHRISTMA&ft=PROB also
reference in risk digest archive (21dec87)
http://catless.ncl.ac.uk/Risks/5.81.html#subj1

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Boeing CEO Said Board Moved Quickly on MAX Safety; New Details Suggest Otherwise

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Boeing CEO Said Board Moved Quickly on MAX Safety; New Details Suggest Otherwise
Date: 15 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
Boeing CEO Said Board Moved Quickly on MAX Safety; New Details Suggest Otherwise. Shareholders' suit citing internal Boeing documents alleges board didn't act as fast on safety as CEO David Calhoun said
https://www.wsj.com/articles/boeing-ceo-said-board-moved-quickly-on-max-safety-new-details-suggest-otherwise-11613246646?mod=hp_lista_pos4

Boeing Board Failed to Challenge CEO on 737 MAX Safety, Lawsuit Says. Then-CEO Dennis Muilenburg focused on negative press following crashes, according to newly revealed communications
https://www.wsj.com/articles/boeing-board-failed-to-challenge-ceo-on-737-max-safety-lawsuit-says-11612835206
Boeing Co. 's board failed to challenge then-Chief Executive Dennis Muilenburg on the safety of the 737 MAX or his campaign to counter negative news reports between two fatal crashes that claimed 346 lives, according to newly released portions of a shareholders' lawsuit that cites internal company documents.

... snip ...

Boeing contaminated by the military-industrial complex, The 100yr, 2016 Boeing "century" publication had article that the "merger" with M/D nearly took down Boeing and might yet still.

The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout Unlike
Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas executives somehow took power in what analysts started calling a "reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought Boeing with Boeing's money."

... snip ...

Crash Course
https://newrepublic.com/article/154944/boeing-737-max-investigation-indonesia-lion-air-ethiopian-airlines-managerial-revolution
Sorscher had spent the early aughts campaigning to preserve the company's estimable engineering legacy. He had mountains of evidence to support his position, mostly acquired via Boeing's 1997 acquisition of McDonnell Douglas, a dysfunctional firm with a dilapidated aircraft plant in Long Beach and a CEO who liked to use what he called the "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers: Hire them for a few months when project deadlines are nigh, fire them when you need to make numbers. In 2000, Boeing's engineers staged a 40-day strike over the McDonnell deal's fallout; while they won major material concessions from management, they lost the culture war. They also inherited a notoriously dysfunctional product line from the corner-cutting market gurus at McDonnell.

... snip ...

Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism. Deregulation means a company once run by engineers is now in the thrall of financiers and its stock remains high even as its planes fall from the sky
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/11/boeing-capitalism-deregulation

past posts mentioning Boeing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#11 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#45 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#48 IBM Quota
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#57 ES/9000 as POK was being scaled way back
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#67 IBM Education Classes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#5 Availability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#19 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#40 IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#41 IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#62 Early Computer Use

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Let's Be Honest About What Trump Wanted on January 6

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Let's Be Honest About What Trump Wanted on January 6
Date: 15 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
Let's Be Honest About What Trump Wanted on January 6. A handful of Republican members of Congress stared into Medusa's face and refused to blink. The rest looked away.
https://theintercept.com/2021/02/13/trump-impeachment-republican-senators/
Donald Trump heavily promoted the January 6 rally in Washington. He fired up the crowd and urged them to march on the Capitol. That much is undisputed. What's been emerging in the past few days goes much, much further.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IMS Stories

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IMS Stories
Date: 15 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
IMS Stories

My wife was in GBURG JES group and one of the ASP catchers to turn into JES3. She was then con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of (mainframe) loosely-coupled/cluster architecture (did peer-coupled shared data). She didn't remain long because of 1) constant war with Raleigh trying to force her into using SNA for loosely-coupled operation and 2) little uptake except for IMS hot-standby (sysplex and parallel sysplex are much later). She has funny after work story about discussion with Vern Watts regarding who he was going to for permission to do IMS hot-standby and he says nobody, he would just tell them when it was all done.
IMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Information_Management_System
Vern Watts was IMS's chief architect for many years. Watts joined IBM in 1956 and worked at IBM's Silicon Valley development labs until his death on April 4, 2009.[2] He had continuously worked on IMS since the 1960s.[3]
... ship ...

Peer-Coupled Shared Data architecture posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

1980, STL was bursting at the seams and they are moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with online service back to STL datacenter. They had tried "remote 3270" and found the human factors totally unusable. I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support so they can have channel attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg (with no human factors perceptual difference between service offsite and in STL). channel extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

Also 1980, I had been working with Jim Gray on parts of System/R (original SQL/relational). Then when he departs SJR for Tandem, he palms some number of things off on me, including DBMS consuulting with the IMS group. some old archived email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016

Mid-80s, they complained to me that large IMS installation (handled transactions for tens of thousand ATM cash machines) justifying "hot-standby", could "fall-over" in a few minutes but things weren't fully up until VTAM reestablished all the sessions which could take over an hour on (large) 3090 (VTAM session establishment was heavy weight activity and overhead increased non-linear with the increase in sessions) ... and could I do something about it. At the time, I had been con'ed into working on turning out a Baby Bell VTAM/NCP emulation done on Series/1, as IBM Type1 product. It supported "shadow" sessions ... i.e. it could simultaneously establish new session concurrently on different systems, using only the "hot" one, until need to fall-over. long-winded post with some discussion of the series1 vtam/ncp emulation. part of 1986 presentation that baby bell gave at IBM COMMON user group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70
part of presentation I did for fall 1986 SNA ARB in raleigh
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#69

After leaving IBM we were doing a lot of work in financial industry ... and somebody in NYFED had added new section on qualitative measures to the BASEL2 draft (in addition to existing quantitative measures for calculating risk adjusted capital requirements) and wanted us to help him figure out how to do implementation (turns out that US banks kneecapped the section during draft review). Somehow ran into the guy that ran FEDWIRE and he liked us to stop by for lunch and talk technology. He claimed (at the time) FEDWIRE had 100% availability for over a decade because of 1) IMS hot-standby (one standby in same machine room, 2nd standby at different location) and 2) automated operator (people mistakes). Once he said he was suppose to be at board of governers meeting (but our lunches were more interesting).

BASEL2 posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#14 Sarbanes-Oxley is what you get when you don't do FC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#15 Sarbanes-Oxley is what you get when you don't do FC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#61 Is Basel 2 out...Basel 3 in?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#63 Is Basel 2 out...Basel 3 in?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#65 Would the Basel Committee's announced enhancement of Basel II Framework and other steps have prevented the current global financial crisis had they been implemented years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#66 Would the Basel Committee's announced enhancement of Basel II Framework and other steps have prevented the current global financial crisis had they been implemented years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#67 Would the Basel Committee's announced enhancement of Basel II Framework and other steps have prevented the current global financial crisis had they been implemented years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#29 CIOs Must Be Involved In Controlling Risk In Financial Services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#41 An Understanding Database Theory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#23 More on garbage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#26 Dangerous Hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#22 AOS: The next big thing in data storage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#0 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#71 As Expected, Ford Falls From 2nd Place in U.S. Sales
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#78 As Expected, Ford Falls From 2nd Place in U.S. Sales
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#42 Banks failing to manage IT risk - study
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#65 Banks failing to manage IT risk - study
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#90 subprime write-down sweepstakes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#30 subprime write-down sweepstakes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#15 Blinkylights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#39 The human plague
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#9 Do you believe a global financial regulation is possible?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#4 Basel Committee outlines plans to strengthen Basel II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#42 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#34 Board Visibility Into The Business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#37 Future of Financial Mathematics?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#46 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#53 We Can't Subsidize the Banks Forever
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#47 70 Years of ATM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#65 the Federal Reserve, was Re: Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#70 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#53 Productivity And Bubbles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#56 Productivity And Bubbles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#68 The first personal computer (PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#70 The first personal computer (PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#12 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#65 Why (my, all) financial systems fail -- information complexity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#21 Zombie Banks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#86 A Little More on the Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#78 Fed may restrict bank ownership of commodities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#87 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#16 Precious Metals Manipulation Worse Than Libor Scandal, German Regulator Says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#10 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#21 How Corrupt Is the American Government
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#87 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#28 Stop Romanticizing Glass-Steagall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#116 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IMS Stories

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IMS Stories
Date: 15 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#72 IMS Stories

... not long after the STL move of 300 from the IMS group ... there was a field service IMS group in Boulder that was being moved into bldg across the highway ... install channel-extender there for local channel-attached 3270 controllers for their bldg move ... eliminating ditching for a cable and permit for new microwave/radiation ... do a infrared modem between the roofs of the bldgs. Prediction we would loose signal in bad weather. We had done multiplexor with small side channel for bit error tester. Turns out there were a few bit errors during a blizzard when nobody was able to get into work. The real problem was the multi-story IBM bldg would heat up during the day and lean from one side to the other as sun moved across the sky ... throwing off the aim of the infrared modem (loosing signal). Had to do a lot of work to position the modem on the roof to minimize the sun heating bldg leaning effects

channel-extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

posts mentioning infrared modems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#23 CP spooling & programming technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#137 Mainframe emulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#65 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#72 Stoopidest Hardware Repair Call?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#76 Stoopidest Hardware Repair Call?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#29 360/370 disk drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#31 Moribund TSO/E
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#21 He Who Thought He Knew Something About DASD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#22 Channel Distances
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#3 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#52 Ancient Apple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#56 Ancient Apple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#33 Startio Question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#60 ISPF Counter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#83 3270 Emulator Software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#55 Mac Emulator
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#27 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#42 20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#53 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IMS Stories

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IMS Stories
Date: 15 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#72 IMS Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#73 IMS Stories

... more about PU4/PU5 emulation on Series/1 .... early 80s, one of the baby bells implemented vtam/ncp simulation in Series/1 with enormous more function and performance ... including simulating cross-domain ownership (out in the distributed Series/1 that had redundancy and hot recovery) to the real host VTAMs. I was running HSDT project with T1 (1.5mbits/sec) and faster computer links (when real NCP was limited to 56kbit links). In the mid-80s, the IBM branch cons me into taking on turning it out as a type-1 product along with parallel moving it from Series/1 to RS/6000 (RIOS, hadn't yet been announced).

I do a presentation at SNA ARB meeting in Raleigh ... all the technical people thot it was fantastic ... the only thing that the executive in charge of SNA ARB wanted to know was who was the the person that permitted me to present to the ARB. Since the communication group had notorious reputation for corporate dirty tricks ... went to great deal of trouble to wall of the effort from the rest of the corporation ... even went to the largest customer of 37x5 boxes to completely underwrite all costs with no strings attached (his business case showed that such a type 1 product available replacing all his current boxes besides significant better feature/function, also recovers all his cost within nine months). What the communication group did next to kneecap the project, can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction.

I had done cost/performance using the baby bell actually real configuration against 3725 specs done by the HONE configurators. Communication group push back that all of the 3725 information was totally incorrect. I then pointed out then the HONE 3725 configurators provided by the communication group are totally incorrect. They continue to parrot that all the 3725 numbers are incorrect, but never once bothered to explain how they were incorrect.

The communication group must have felt they were under intense pressure, beleaguered on all sides ... constantly generating documents and presentations (even for the corporate executive committee) filled with misinformation.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

other posts mentioning the Series/1 PU4/PU5 emulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#106 IBM Mainframe Model Numbers--then and now?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#66 oddly portable machines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#87 Motorola/Intel Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#43 Any Series/1 fans?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#63 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#12 Now early Arpanet security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#49 any 70's era supercomputers that ran as slow as today's supercompu
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#1 ASR33/35 Controls
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#17 3270 protocol
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#35 difference between itanium and alpha
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#43 IBM 3174
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#12 network history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#56 1401-S, 1470 "last gasp" computers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#14 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#50 Mainframe Linux Mythbusting (Was: Using Java in batch on
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#10 what's the difference between LF(Line Fee) and NL (New line) ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#0 Why so little parallelism?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#15 The Genealogy of the IBM PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#7 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#27 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#37 Baudot code direct to computers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#22 IBM PC competitors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#60 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#66 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#27 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#27 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#16 Unbuffered glass TTYs?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#25 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#28 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#39 IBM IIN

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In the 1970s, Email Was Special

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: In the 1970s, Email Was Special
Date: 15 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#54 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#55 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#56 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special

JES2 was looking at releasing NJE (came from HASP code originally from customer that had placed "TUCC" in col68-71 of all the cards) ... IBM required that forecasted sales times amount charged had to cover original development plus ongoing support. Turns out given IBM mainstream software organizations, there was no possible software charge that met the requirement (IBM typically did low, medium, and high price times the related forecast ... among other things looking at price sensitivity). Coworker at IBM science center had done vm370 networking ... and equivalent forecast for VNET/RSCS basically met criteria just with a charge that effectively covered generating and mailing the distribution tape ... however, in part because head of POK was convincing corporate to kill off VM370 product (and move all the people to MVS/XA group), announcing VNET/RSCS would never be approved. Then the gburg JES group came up with a solution ... they would announce NJE and VNET/RSCS as combined product ... with identical prices ... in effect using the massive excess revenue from VNET/RSCS to underwrite NJE costs.

JES2 NJE had enormous problem with the internal network ... the code still mapped network nodes into unused slots in the 256 entry pseudo device table ... possibly 160-180 .... however, by mid-70s there were over several hundreds internal network nodes, JES2 would trash traffic that didn't have destination OR origin in it local table, making it nearly impossible to trust MVS/JES2 as intermediate node, just carefully located nodes on network edge (well before JES2 added 999-node support, the internal network had passed 1000 nodes). Another problem was that NJE had intermixed job control and network information in the header ... and traffic between JES2 systems at different release levels had frequent result of bringing down one or both MVS systems.

VNET had much cleaner layered architecture and was easy to do non-VNET drivers to other designs including JES2 systems. What eventually evolved was VNET JES2 drivers that could convert headers to conical form and then reformat for the specific JES2 release on the other end of a link (as countermeasure to internal network traffic bringing down MVS systems). There is notorious case of San Jose MVS/JES2 traffic bringing down Hursley MVS systems. The Hursley VNET system was blamed because its VNET JES2 driver hadn't been updated to do the translation from the San Jose MVS/JES2 header to the Hursley MVS/JES2

... also restricting MVS/JES2 to network edge nodes .... because they had to be kept behind a VNET system to prevent traffic from crashing the MVS system.

HASP, JES, NJE, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In the 1970s, Email Was Special

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: In the 1970s, Email Was Special
Date: 16 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#54 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#55 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#56 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#75 In the 1970s, Email Was Special

various past refs mention MIPENVY, copy of MIPENVY (20sep1980) that Jim wrote for IBM as he was leaving
http://jimgray.azurewebsites.net/papers/mipenvy.pdf
Jim's website
http://jimgray.azurewebsites.net/

"MIPENVY" from IBM Jargon ... a version can be found here
http://www.comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf
MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities - not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages, editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term every programmer will understand, being another expression of the proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.

... snip ...

... I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s. The IBM Jargon "MIP envy" entry is somewhat mis-characterization. After Jim left for Tandem, we would sometimes drop in there on Friday afternoons. After one such visit, I wrote up a trip report and distributed it ("visit to Tandem & Jim Gray", 4apr1981, approx. 6m after Jim left) ... kicking off barrage of discussions that came to be labeled "Tandem Memos":
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... later versions dropped the datamation reference.

before Jim disappears, he cons me into interviewing for chief security architect in Redmond, the interview drags on over a couple weeks, but we could never come to agreement.

online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

April 1st Corporate/Password Directive

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: April 1st Corporate/Password Directive
Date: 17 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
This was sent to me (in silicon valley from hudson river valley) on Friday. I then distributed to several local people. Over the weekend, somebody printed it on corporate letterhead paper and placed it in number of plant site corporate bulletin boards. Numerous people coming in on Monday thought was real (even though 1April was on Sunday and corporate directives are never issued on Sunday). Afterwards all corporate letterhead paper was kept locked up (click to enlarge)

a few past postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#52 OT Re: A beautiful morning in AFM.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#53 April Fools Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#14 The FBI Is Wrongly Telling People To Change Passwords 'Frequently'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#42 The Man Who Wrote Those Password Rules Has a New Tip: N3v$r M1^d!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#20 April 1st Corporate Directive

CORPORATE DIRECTIVE NUMBER 84-570471 April 1, 1984

In order to increase the security of all IBM computing facilities, and to avoid the possibility of unauthorized use of these facilities, new rules are being put into effect concerning the selection of passwords. All users of IBM computing facilities are instructed to change their passwords to conform to these rules immediately.

RULES FOR THE SELECTION OF PASSWORDS:


 1. A password must be at least six characters long, and must not contain two
    occurrences of a character in a row, or a sequence of two or more characters
    from the alphabet in forward or reverse order.
    Example:  HGQQXP is an invalid password.
              GFEDCB is an invalid password.


2. A password may not contain two or more letters in the same position as any previous password. Example: If a previous password was GKPWTZ, then NRPWHS would be invalid because PW occurs in the same position in both passwords.

3. A password may not contain the name of a month or an abbreviation for a month. Example: MARCHBC is an invalid password. VWMARBC is an invalid password.

4. A password may not contain the numeric representation of a month. Therefore, a password containing any number except zero is invalid. Example: WKBH3LG is invalid because it contains the numeric representation for the month of March.

5. A password may not contain any words from any language. Thus, a password may not contain the letters A, or I, or sequences such as AT, ME, or TO because these are all words.

6. A password may not contain sequences of two or more characters which are adjacent to each other on a keyboard in a horizontal, vertical or diagonal direction. Example: QWERTY is an invalid password. GHNLWT is an invalid password because G and H are horizontally adjacent to each other. HUKWVM is an invalid password because H and U are diagonally adjacent to each other.

7. A password may not contain the name of a person, place or thing. Example: JOHNBOY is an invalid password.


Because of the complexity of the password selection rules, there is actually only one password which passes all the tests. To make the selection of this password simpler for the user, it will be distributed to all managers. All users are instructed to obtain this password from his or her manager and begin using it immediately.


--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CKD Disks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: CKD Disks
Date: 17 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
... note disks were increasingly becoming fixed-block ... that CKD was a 60s technology trade-off which was starting to flip a decade later ... however for some reason os/360 & associated systems and descendants are apparently tightly intertwined with CKD. 3370 was real fixed-block ... 3380 appeared to be CKD ... but was fixed-block under the covers (can be seen in records/track formulas where record lengths have to be rounded up to "cell size"). There haven't been any real CKD DASD (even psuedo-CKD like 3380) made for decades ... all being simulated on industry standard fixed-block disks.

Around 1980 I offered FBA support to the GPD CKD group. I was told that even if I provided fully tested and integrated FBA support for MVS, I still needed an incremental $26M business case (>$200M additional sales) to cover documentation changes and training. Furthermore since IBM was already selling disks as fast as they could be made, FBA support would just mean the same amount of sales as FBA instead of CKD. I was also not allowed to use lifetime cost savings in the business case.

CKD, FBA, multi-track search posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

70s Tokyo Trip

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 70s Tokyo Trip
Date: 17 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
In the 70s, was on trip to Tokyo with business people on some new product, I was to help pitch technology for product planning and forecasting (I think at the time yen was 330/$$). Trip included a couple IBMers that spoke Japanese ... one had been President Eisenhower's translator for Japanese state visits to US. The other, told story that on his first trip to Japan for presentation, he told the audience that he had learned Japanese from his roommate in college. At the first break, somebody took him aside and explained that Japanese had three vocabularies, superior to subordinate, subordinate to superior, and "women's language" (and guess which one he was using).

past post/ref:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#80

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

AT&T Long-lines

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: AT&T Long-lines
Date: 17 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters. Then in the morph of CP67->VM370 lots of stuff was greatly simplified and/or dropped, including a lot of stuff I had done as undergraduate as well as the CP67 multiprocessor support. I put some of the "fast path" stuff back into VM370 release 1plc9 which ships to customers. However, as more internal datacenters convert to VM370 (including lot of early 370/145s that ran a modified version of CP67 for 370) ... my customer base drops off. Then I migrate a whole bunch more stuff to VM370 Release 2 and make it available as CSC/VM for internal datacenters (including world-wide, online, internal sales&marketing support HONE systems) ... some old email refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

science center & csc/vm posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech csc/vm (&/or sjr/vm) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#cscvm

Then I add multiproceessor support to CSC/VM release 3 ... initially for US/HONE so they can add 2nd processor to each system in their 8-way loosely-coupled, single system image complex (doubling number of processors from 8 to 16)

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Sometime in early 80s, AT&T national account manager tracks me down. This is in the days of 3081 when it was still multiprocessor only and IBM was afraid that all the TPF/ACP (airline & other res) were going to migrate to Amdahl ... which was producing newer, faster single processor machines (about as fast as two processor 3081) because TPF/ACP didn't have multiprocessor support.

multiprocessor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

It turns out in mid-70s that some deal had been cut between CSC & AT&T long-lines for copy of my CSC/VM (release 2, before multiprocessor support) and they had made a lot of local enhancements and copies had propagated all over internal AT&T. The AT&T national account manager was afraid that all of these machines were going to move to Amdahl (similar to concern about TPF/ACP customers) ... and he wanted me to help AT&T migrate that system to something with multiprocessor support.

trivia: standard VM370 had a table of 370 processor types for setting specific tuning values ... I had replaced all that with code that dynamically determined all the tuning values ... and AT&T had continued to migrate that early CSC/VM R2 system to the latest IBM machines (until they came to the multiprocessor "brick" wall).

wheeler scheduler posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

posts mentionin at&t long-lines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#14 characters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#35 Mainframes & Unix (and TPF)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#15 OSes commerical, history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#5 IBM XT/370 and AT/370 (was Re: Computer of the century)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#74 Scheduling aircraft landings at London Heathrow
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#60 360 Architecture, Multics, ... was (Re: X86 ultimate CISC? No.)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#3 Oldest program you've written, and still in use?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#4 Buffer overflow
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#11 The demise of compaq
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#11 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#32 IBM was: CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#66 OT (sort-of) - Does it take math skills to do data processing ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#23 Cost of computing in 1958?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#17 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#46 unix
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#76 1950s AT&T/IBM lack of collaboration?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#4 1950s AT&T/IBM lack of collaboration?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#25 Are there any authentication algorithms with runtime changeable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#23 1960s images of IBM 360 mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#35 40th anniversary of IBM System/360 on 7 Apr 2004
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#32 The attack of the killer mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#58 Shipwrecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#25 auto reIPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#31 z/VM performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#21 IBM 3090/VM Humor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#36 Metroliner telephone article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#55 Is computer history taugh now?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#54 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#56 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#6 Open z/Architecture or Not
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#15 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#29 Need Help filtering out sporge in comp.arch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#30 hacked TOPS-10 monitors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#41 IT managers stymied by limits of x86 virtualization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#14 DASD or TAPE attached via TCP/IP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#82 Yet another squirrel question - Results (very very long post)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#7 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#18 The PC industry is heading for collapse
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#59 Hard Disk Drive Construction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#53 slightly O/T but interesting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#37 AT&T Holmdel Computer Center films, 1973 Unix
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#27 30 yr old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#28 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#68 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#20 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#48 360 announce day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#80 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#33 Bad History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#121 IBM Acronyms

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Golden Age of computer user groups

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Golden Age of computer user groups
Date: 17 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Golden Age of computer user groups (from Aug2020)
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2020/08/the-golden-age-of-computer-user-groups/

There was IBM mainframe user group SHARE started in 1955, ("SEAS" in Europe, groups other places)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)

Two major meetings a year, two interim, smaller meetings inbetween. In Aug1976, TYMSHARE started offering their VM370/CMS-based online computer conferencing system "free" to SHARE ... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

Part of presentation I (as undergraduate and fulltime univ employee responsible for mainframe systems) made at Fall1968 SHARE on enhancements I made to OS/360 and CP/67
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Local in the Bay Area (TYMSHARE and lots of other customers), there were monthly meetings held in the evening at SLAC (on Sand Hill Road). Trivia, 1st webserver in the United States was on SLAC VM370 systems
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

trivia: in late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the IBM internal network (larger than ARPANET/Internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s). Folklore is when corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.

online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

recent posts mentioning European SHARE (SEAS) presentation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#4 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#5 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#6 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#7 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#17 Performance History, 5-10Oct1986, SEAS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#59 San Jose bldg 50 and 3380 manufacturing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#77 IBM Tokenring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#79 IBM Disk Division
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#61 HSDT SFS (spool file rewrite)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What The Media Isn't Telling You About Texas Blackouts

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: What The Media Isn't Telling You About Texas Blackouts
Date: 18 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
storm trouble in texas

What The Media Isn't Telling You About Texas Blackouts
https://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/What-The-Media-Isnt-Telling-You-About-Texas-Blackouts.html
Unprecedented winter storms hit Texas. The electricity grid cannot deal with excess of demand over supply. Prices soar. Rolling blackouts. Expect more says the grid operator. What the stories do not say is that Texas, long ago, cut itself off from the interties to the rest of the country that might have provided some aid in a time of extreme distress. Texas might as well, electrically speaking, be an island in the middle of the Pacific.

... snip ...

lots more references

Frozen Wind Farms Are Just a Small Piece of Texas's Power Woes. Natural gas, coal and nuclear played bigger role in blackouts. Blaming reduced wind output 'is really a red herring'
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-02-16/frozen-wind-farms-were-just-a-small-piece-of-texas-s-power-woes
Who's actually to blame for the Texas power disaster?
https://www.cnn.com/2021/02/17/politics/texas-power-grid/index.html
What Caused the Blackouts in Texas?
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/17/climate/texas-blackouts-disinformation.html
No, frozen wind turbines aren't to blame for Texas' power outages
https://www.texastribune.org/2021/02/16/texas-wind-turbines-frozen/
Natural gas, not wind turbines, main driver of Texas power shortage
https://www.politifact.com/article/2021/feb/16/natural-gas-not-wind-turbines-main-driver-texas-po/
Texans in the Midst of Another Avoidable Catastrophe
https://www.newyorker.com/news/dispatch/texans-in-the-midst-of-another-avoidable-catastrophe
What went wrong with the Texas power grid?
https://www.houstonchronicle.com/business/energy/article/Wholesale-power-prices-spiking-across-Texas-15951684.php
In Texas's Black-Swan Blackout, Everything Went Wrong at Once
https://www.msn.com/en-us/money/markets/in-texass-black-swan-blackout-everything-went-wrong-at-once/ar-BB1dK2WJ?ocid=sf
Desperation sets in as power outages and water issues continue
https://abc13.com/weather/desperation-sets-in-as-texas-power-and-water-issues-continue/10349387/
From Covid to Power outages in Ice Storms, the Texas Republican Party has created a Failed State
https://www.juancole.com/2021/02/outages-republican-created.html
How to help Texas: 6 things you can do amid power outages
https://www.fastcompany.com/90605478/how-to-help-texas-6-things-you-can-do-right-now-as-power-outages-continue
Texas Republicans mocked after begging Biden for help: 'Didn't Texas want to secede?'
https://www.rawstory.com/texas-governor-storm-help-secede/
Texas Power Crisis: Gov. Greg Abbott Falsely Blames Green Energy
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/texas-crisis-renewable-energy-1129045/
Fox News Texas blackouts narrative: same cable TV mistakes
https://www.fastcompany.com/90605573/fox-news-narrative-on-the-texas-blackouts-proves-cable-pundits-have-learned-nothing
Beto O'Rourke: 'We are nearing a failed state in Texas' due to Republican leaders
https://thehill.com/homenews/539147-beto-orourke-we-are-nearing-a-failed-state-in-texas-due-to-republican-leaders
Big Freeze in Texas Is Becoming a Global Oil Market Crisis
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-02-17/big-freeze-in-texas-is-becoming-a-global-oil-market-crisis
Perry says Texans willing to suffer blackouts to keep feds out of power market
https://www.houstonchronicle.com/business/energy/article/Perry-says-Texans-wiling-to-suffer-blackouts-to-15956705.php
Why does Texas have its own power grid?
https://www.texastribune.org/2011/02/08/texplainer-why-does-texas-have-its-own-power-grid/
3 Million Texans Without Power As Grid Chaos Continues Ahead Of Imminent Ice Storm
https://www.zerohedge.com/weather/4-million-texans-without-power-amid-grid-collapse-second-storm-nears

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Capital in the Twenty-First Century

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Capital in the Twenty-First Century
Date: 18 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
Capital in the Twenty-First Century
https://www.amazon.com/Capital-Twenty-First-Century-Thomas-Piketty-ebook/dp/B074DVRW88/
pg422/loc7913-18:
The most convincing proof of the failure of corporate governance and of the absence of a rational productivity justification for extremely high executive pay is that when we collect data about individual firms (which we can do for publicly owned corporations in all the rich countries), it is very difficult to explain the observed variations in terms of firm performance. If we look at various performance indicators, such as sales growth, profits, and so on, we can break down the observed variance as a sum of other variances: variance due to causes external to the firm (such as the general state of the economy, raw material price shocks, variations in the exchange rate, average performance of other firms in the same sector, etc.) plus other "nonexternal" variances.

... snip ...

The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked
https://evonomics.com/maximizing-shareholder-value-dumbest-idea/

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.ineteconomics.org/perspectives/blog/how-economists-turned-corporations-into-predators

Why the "Maximizing Shareholder Value" Theory of Corporate Governance is Bogus
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html
One mantra you see regularly in the business and popular press goes something along the lines of "the CEO and board have a fiduciary duty to maximize shareholder value." That is untrue. Moreover, the widespread acceptance of that false notion has done considerable harm.

If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in particular.


... snip ...

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html
Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel, even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world." Why did Welch say

... snip ...

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
pg127/loc2480-82:
On the face of it, shareholder value is the dumbest idea in the world. Shareholder value is a result, not a strategy… Your main constituencies are your employees, your customers and your products. —Jack Welch, 2009

... snip ...

inequality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

really showed up with too big to fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
in the economic mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

some specific
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#58 Bureaucracy and Agile
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#56 It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#60 America's Monopoly Crisis Hits the Military
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#46 SS Trust Fund
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#100 Destruction of Middle Class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#100 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#122 For the first time in history, U.S. billionaires paid a lower tax rate than the working class last year
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#142 Trump is deconstructing the government, one agency at a time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#149 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#3 Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#5 Book: Kochland : the secret history of Koch Industries and corporate power in America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#17 The Other 1 Percent": Morgan Stanley Spots A Market Ratio That Is "Unprecedented Even During The Tech Bubble"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#13 Resilience and Sustainability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#20 Trickle Down Economics Started it All
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#21 ESG Drives a Stake Through Friedman's Legacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#23 Best of Mankiw: Errors and Tangles in the World's Best-Selling Economics Textbooks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#60 The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1977: Zork

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1977: Zork
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Feb 2021 18:38:20 -1000
Marco Scholz <tool@disroot.org> writes:

https://if50.substack.com/p/1977-zork


... adventure ref & topic drift ...

I would see various people at the monthly user group meetings hosted at SLAC (off sand hill rd) including TYMSHARE people ... and also periodically drop by TYMSHARE.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
TYMSHARE had also made their CMS-based online computer conferencing free to the (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
starting in AUG1976 as VMSHARE ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE files for putting up on internal IBM network and online systems (the most trouble I had was with IBM lawyers concerned internal employees would be contaminated by customer information, including finding out IBM execs were claiming one thing about customers and the customers saying something different) ... so had several reasons for periodically dropping in on TYMSHARE.

One TYMSHARE visit they demo'ed something called "ADVENTUR" that they had copied from Stanford PDP10 system to their PDP10 and then ported to CMS ... and I was also able to get a copy&source to make available online inside IBM. adventure text history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adventure_game#History_of_Western_adventure_games
The origins of text adventure games is difficult to trace as records of computing around the 1970s were not as well documented. Text-based games had existed prior to 1976 that featured elements of exploring maps or solving puzzles, such as Hunt the Wumpus (1975), but lacked a narrative element, a feature essential for adventure games.[74] Colossal Cave Adventure (1976), written by William Crowther and Don Woods, is widely considered to be the first game in the adventure genre,

TYMSHARE people told a story that when TYMSHARE executives found out that customers were playing games on ("commercial") TYMSHARE systems, they directed staff to put a stop to it ... until they found out that customer game playing had grown to 1/3rd of TYMSHARE revenue.

adventure game posts/refs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#14 adventure ... nearly 20 years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#57 The next big things that weren't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#18 The History of Computer Role-Playing Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#6 Zork and Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#15 "Atuan" - Colossal Cave in APL?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#12 New machine code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#14 New machine code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#16 looking for IBM's infamous "Lab computer"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#75 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#82 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#83 3270 Emulator Software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#88 Baby Boomer Execs: Are you afraid of LinkedIn & Social Media?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#89 Make the mainframe work environment fun and intuitive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#33 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#41 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#85 The first personal computer (PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#66 Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#1 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dail-up banking and the Internet

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Dail-up banking and the Internet
Date: 20 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
After leaving IBM, we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup ... two former Oracle people we had worked with for HA/CMP commercial scalup, were there responsible for something called "commerce server" and they wanted to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". As a result we get increasingly drawn into financial industry.

payment gateway posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

In the mid-90s at financial industry conferences, there were consumer dail-up banking presentations about migrating to the Internet. The issue was they typically had 60 or more different serial-port dial-up modem drivers and customer support for serial-port problems was becoming major expense; moving to the Internet offloaded all such problems onto ISPs. As an aside, at same conferences, cash management/commercial dial-up banking were claiming they would never move to the Internet because of all the security exposures.

other trivia: 2000 there were announcements from a number of operations about moving to credit cards with chips and one in particular that was going to put chips in all their cards and give away free (PC) chip card readers to their customers. Turns out this was on leading edge of USB (major motivation was to address the serial port problems) and a financial operation had apparently got huge fire sale on (obsolete?) serial-port chip card readers. The resulting consumer support problems was a rapidly spreading rumor through the financial industry that chipcards could never work in the consumer (PC) market, that consumer support was costing an avg of $500/card (reader). Of course the issue wasn't the chipcards but the serial port chipcard readers ... but we found it impossible to stop the rumors.

My wife had set up a conference with the windows kernel security group, the people from the PC/SC (smartcard) group (that we could find after the group had been dissolved because the financial industry saying they were walking away from chipcards for consumer market) and several financial institutions. But there appeared no way to reverse the damage. For the institution that had kicked off the (serial port) chipcard (reader) problem ... we wondered how all institutional memory/knowledge about the consumer serial port issues had managed to evaporate in short 5-6 yrs.

dail-up banking posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#dialup-banking
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dail-up banking and the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Dail-up banking and the Internet
Date: 20 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#85 Dail-up banking and the Internet

... other internet trivia

Started HSDT project in early 80s which was doing T1 and faster computer links ... and we were also working with the NSF Director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer systems. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally a RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding; the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (as did comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses) ... old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
As regional networks connect into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

co-worker at IBM cambridge science through the 70s and then we transferred to san jose research in 1977 (he passed aug2020) was responsible for the internal network which was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s ... book about being bullied as a child: brutal US culture of bullying, stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity, "It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
IT'S COOL TO BE CLEVER tells the true story of an inquisitive boy in the 1950s who doesn't fit in at school. Edson Hendricks is bullied because he is so smart (people accuse him of getting answers from his father who is the principal) and has red hair. He finds comfort in an imaginary world where he has machine parts, and no internal organs or emotions.

... snip ...

also wikipedia entry, Edson Hendricks
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

SJMerc article about Edson and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
Above article references Ed's website, other articles from Ed ... from the wayback machine.
https://web.archive.org/web/20161016073032/http://www.edh.net/bungle.htm

hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSF posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
internal network internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Innovation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Innovation
Date: 21 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
wait!, 1980s somebody says? ... enormous bureaucracy intent on maintaining the status quo!

late 70s/early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) ... folklore is that when corporate executive committee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me. Was told that with most of the corporate executive committee wanting to fire me I would never get promotions or raises ... however the 6th did provide funding as if I did have top technical position (but no actual promotion or raise).

Started HSDT project in early 80s for T1 and faster computer links ... and we were also working with the NSF Director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer systems. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally a RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding; the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (as did comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses) ... old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary release.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
As regional networks connect into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

co-worker at IBM cambridge science through the 70s and then we transferred to san jose research in 1977 (he passed aug2020) was responsible for the internal network which was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s ... book about being bullied as a child: brutal US culture of bullying, stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity, "It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
IT'S COOL TO BE CLEVER tells the true story of an inquisitive boy in the 1950s who doesn't fit in at school. Edson Hendricks is bullied because he is so smart (people accuse him of getting answers from his father who is the principal) and has red hair. He finds comfort in an imaginary world where he has machine parts, and no internal organs or emotions.

... snip ...

also wikipedia entry, Edson Hendricks
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

SJMerc article about Edson and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
Above article references Ed's website, other articles from Ed ... from the wayback machine.
https://web.archive.org/web/20161016073032/http://www.edh.net/bungle.htm

NSF posting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internal network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
online computer conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Innovation

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Innovation
Date: 21 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#87 IBM Innovation

various past refs mention MIPENVY, copy of MIPENVY (20sep1980) that Jim wrote for IBM as he was leaving
http://jimgray.azurewebsites.net/papers/mipenvy.pdf
Jim's website
http://jimgray.azurewebsites.net/

"MIPENVY" from IBM Jargon ... a version can be found here
http://www.comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf
MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities - not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages, editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term every programmer will understand, being another expression of the proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.

... snip ...

The IBM Jargon "MIP envy" entry is mis-characterization (about starting Tandem Memos). After Jim left for Tandem, we would sometimes drop in there on Friday afternoons. After one such visit, I wrote up a trip report and distributed it ("visit to Tandem & Jim Gray", 4apr1981, approx. 6months after Jim left) ... kicking off barrage of discussions that came to be labeled "Tandem Memos"
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

... later versions dropped the datamation reference.

before Jim disappears, he cons me into interviewing for chief security architect in Redmond, the interview drags on over a couple weeks, but we could never come to agreement.
https://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/05/18/closure-in-disappearance-of-computer-scientist-jim-gray/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Gray_(computer_scientist)

internal network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
online computer conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Innovation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Innovation
Date: 21 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#87 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#88 IBM Innovation

I originally did "wheeler scheduler" as undergraduate in the 60s that IBM picked up and shipped in CP67. Then in the morph of CP67->VM370 lots of things were greatly simplified and/or dropped (fast path, resource management, multiprocessor support, etc). One of my hobbies after first joining IBM was enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters (places like world-wide online sales & marketing support HONE systems were long time customers).

It wasn't until a decade I had first done the work as undergraduate in the 60s that it was allowed to ship in VM370. I attribute it to the failure of Future System (during period when 370 efforts were being killed off) and the mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... that it was decided to ship to customers.

Contributing was the lack of new 370 products during FS period is credited with giving clone 370 system makers a market foothold ... and reversing the 23jun1969 unbundling decision to NOT charge for operating system (kernel) software ... and my resource manager package was selected to be guinea pig for charging for add-on system components (as part of transition to charging for all system software

dynamic adaptive resource manager
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
23june1969 unbundling
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling
HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Innovation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Innovation
Date: 21 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#87 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#88 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#89 IBM Innovation

Note: last product done at IBM was HA/CMP. It was originally HA/6000 for NYTimes newspaper (ATEX) system to move off VAXcluster to IBM. Then when I was doing technical/scientific cluster scale-up with national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing). Reference to Jan1992 cluster scale-up meeting in Ellison's conference room
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
We were working with non-IBM RDBMS vendors that had VAXcluster support in same source base with their Unix implementation. I did implemention with vaxcluster sementatic APIs as part of easing the port (IBM mainframe RDBMS wasn't portable and while there was ongoing work on c-language "SHELBY" for OS2 it was still to ship and would only have limited function).

Then over a few weeks, cluster/scale-up was transfered, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific ONLY) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (limit the threat to mainframe commercial), we leave IBM a few months later

17Feb1992 press, ibm supercomputer for scientific/technical *ONLY*
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992 press, national lab interest in cluster supercomputing caught IBM by "surprise" (even tho I had been working with them on it for over a decade)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

I had been doing various stuff on&off with national labs since Jan1979 when I was con'ed into doing benchmark on engineering 4341 for national lab that was lookiing at getting 70 4341s for a compute farm (sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami).

trivia: out doing HA/CMP marketing, I coined the terms "disaster surviviability" and geographic survivability as differentiating from disaster/recovery. Then was asked to write a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document. However it got pulled after Rochester (AS/400) and POK (mainframe) complained that they couldn't meet the objectives.

Not long after leaving IBM, we were brought into small client/server startup as consultants, two of the former Oracle people (mentioned in post about Ellison meeting) were there in charge of something they called "commerce server" and they wanted to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I had complete authority over everything from the webservers to the financial payment networks ... but could only make recommendations on the browser/webserver side, some of which were almost immediately violated.

payment gateway posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway
HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
continuous availability posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

American Nazis Rally in New York City

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: American Nazis Rally in New York City
Date: 21 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
American Nazis Rally in New York City. On February 20, 1939, the pro-Nazi German American Bund drew more than 20,000 people to a rally in Madison Square Garden.
https://newspapers.ushmm.org/events/american-nazis-rally-in-new-york-city

John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.

... snip ...

Later somewhat replay of the 1940 celebration, there was conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004
The truth, then, is that Long and Coughlin, together with the influential Communist Party and other leftist organizations, helped save the New Deal from becoming genuinely fascist, from devolving into the dictatorial rule of big business. The pressures towards fascism remained, as reactionary sectors of business began to have significant victories against the Second New Deal starting in the late 1930s. But the genuine power that organized labor had achieved by then kept the U.S. from sliding into all-out fascism (in the Marxist sense) in the following decades.

... snip ...

aka "Coming of America Fascism" shows countered the "New Deal" becoming fascist ... which had been the objective of the capitalists ... and possibly contributed to forcing them further into the Nazi/fascist camp.

Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
wrote War Is A Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
was invited to participate in military/fascists overthrow of the US Gov. ... and blew the whistle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot
In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country. No evidence was presented and this committee had none to show a connection between this effort and any fascist activity of any European country. There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient.

... snip ...

racism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

American Nazis Rally in New York City

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: American Nazis Rally in New York City
Date: 21 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91 American Nazis Rally in New York City

.... note: members of congress during WW1 that saw the enormous war profiteering ... were behind passing the "neutrality act". This was then respun by the profiteers as "isolationism".

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

past posts mentioning Dulles and/or American Nazi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#112 When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#161 Fascists
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#33 Fascism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Innovation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Innovation
Date: 21 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#87 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#88 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#89 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#90 IBM Innovation

careful, this is how "Tandem Memos" started ... I sent trip report on 4apr81 (see above) which was then being rebroadcast and getting responses from all over the company ... a 23apr81 response recently reposted in another retiree discussion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#email810423
in this post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23

online computer conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fecalnomics

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Fecalnomics
Date: 21 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
Fecalnomics
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/02/17/fecalnomics/
Fecalnomics is the study of poor decision-making. The concept of "fecalnomics" originated with a review I wrote of the book, Thinking: Fast and Slow, in which Nobel economist Daniel Kahneman shows how monkeys throwing feces are more accurate than human stock pickers over the long toss.

... snip ...

something of takeoff on Freakonomics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freakonomics
http://freakonomics.com/
https://www.amazon.com/Freakonomics-Rev-Ed-Economist-Everything-ebook/dp/B000MAH66Y/

The (MIS)Behavior Of Markets (Mandelbrot & Hudson)
https://www.amazon.com/The-Misbehavior-Markets-Turbulence-ebook/dp/B004PYDBEO
although
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot
from above: Mandelbrot left IBM in 1987, after 35 years and 12 days, when IBM decided to end pure research

Mendelbrot description of period from 60s through the first decade of this century was continuing to use same computations even when they are repeatedly shown to be wrong. Some of Mendelbrot's references are similar to this (by nobel prize winner in economics) Thinking Fast and Slow
https://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-and-Slow-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA
pg212/loc3854-60:
"Since then, my questions about the stock market have hardened into a larger puzzle: a major industry appears to be built largely on an illusion of skill. Billions of shares are traded every day, with many people buying each stock and others selling it to them"

... snip ...

how the market is run ... turns out that a lot of wallstreet is focused on volatility ... they have much less revenue from static, stable market ... they do pump&dump ... pushing the market up (buy low, sell high) and then short ... pushing the market down. Old interview that they are all doing illegal activity (before it got much worse with HFT) ... and have nothing to worry about from SEC.
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

some past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#138 Thinking, Fast & Slow
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#1 The war on terabytes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#29 The speeds of thought, complexities of problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#35 Entropy and #SocialMedia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#67 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#85 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#87 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#4 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#74 What voters are really choosing in November
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#64 Guest Post: Beakley on Boyd, Aerial Combat and the OODA-Loop
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#72 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#0 Locking our own orientation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#96 Cognitive Bias Codex, 2016
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#52 Boyd's OODA-loop
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#63 Real World OODA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#25 Why You Should Trust Your Gut, According to the University of Cambridge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#21 Financial Engineering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Capital in the Twenty-First Century

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Capital in the Twenty-First Century
Date: 21 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#83 Capital in the Twenty-First Century

Capital in the Twenty-First Century, pg598/loc11265-67:
The global financial crisis that began in 2007-2008 is generally described as the most serious crisis of capitalism since the crash of 1929. The comparison is in some ways justified, but essential differences remain.

... snip ...

trivia: Jan1999, I was asked to try and help stop the coming economic mess (we failed). I was told some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from S&L crisis, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hyp, IPO for a few billion, needed to fail to leave the field clear from the next round of IPOs) and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages. I was to improve the integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents. However, they then found they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A (when the agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps supporting documents, and they could start doing no-documentation liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A and sell into the bond market (over $27T in triple-A rated securitized loans&mortgages that went through the bond market)

Decade later, Jan2009, was asked to HTML/WEB'ize the Percora Hearings (30s senate hearings into the '29 crash, had been scanned previous fall at Boston public library) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was buried over enormous mountains of wallstreet cash, possibly only 2-3 honest members of congress).

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Innovation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Innovation
Date: 22 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#87 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#88 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#89 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#90 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#93 IBM Innovation

... I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. I first tried to get Boyd's briefings done through plant site education. At first they agreed but after I provided more information on the briefings and prevailing in competitive situations ... they changed their mind and said I should restrict the briefings to senior members of competitive analysis departments *ONLY*. They explained that IBM spends a great deal of money on managers dealing with employees and it wouldn't be in the best interest of the company to expose general employees to Boyd.

Note in 89/90, commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for a makeover of the corps ... at a time when IBM was also desperately in need of makeover. Boyd passed in 1997, by which time he had been pretty much disowned by the USAF .... even tho he was considered possibly best fighter pilot in the world when he was instructor at Nellis, then invented EM theory, which he used to redo the original F15 design (cutting weight nearly in half) and then responsible for YF16 and YF17 (which becomes F16 and F18) and helped with A10. It was the Marines at Arlington and his effects go to Gray Research Center at Quantico. It then is somewhat surprise when USAF dedicates "Boyd Hall" at Nellis in 1999 (possibly considering they are safe since he is gone).

Note: since then we've continued to have Boyd-oriented meetings at Marine Corps University ... but some of the makeover still rages. There was a parody/satire done by anonymous authors originally published 2010 in Marine Corps Gazette (at one meeting, an attendee owned up to being one of the authors) ... since moved to multiple blog postings
https://mca-marines.org/blog/gazette/the-attritionist-letters-1/
also
https://fabiusmaximus.com/2011/05/11/27461/
more serious by Gray in 2020
https://mca-marines.org/blog/gazette/marine-corps-maneuver-warfare/

Boyd posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

other Boyd refs:
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy-Maneuverability_theory
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Glory days

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Glory days
Date: 22 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
start of downhill slide, well, early to mid 70s, IBM had aggressive innovation (that included a lot of fantasy) project called Future Systems, targeted as countermeasure to competition ... Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993
http://www.amazon.com/Computer-Wars-The-Post-IBM-World/dp/1587981394
.... reference to the "Future System" project:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.


... snip ...

also pretty much demise of watson's "Wild Ducks"

... I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. I first tried to get Boyd's briefings done through plant site education. At first they agreed but after I provided more information on the briefings and prevailing in competitive situations ... they changed their mind and said I should restrict the briefings to senior members of competitive analysis departments *ONLY*. They explained that IBM spends a great deal of money on managers dealing with employees and it wouldn't be in the best interest of the company to expose general employees to Boyd.

Note in 89/90, commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for a makeover of the corps ... at a time when IBM was also desperately in need of makeover.

trivia: AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president (before he became CEO) to help with RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM is being reorganized into the 13 "Baby Blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (gone behind paywall, but mostly living free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

we had left but get a call from bowels of Armonk asking if we could help with the breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other units, which would be in different corporations after the breakup. All these MOUs would be have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts (before we get started, new CEO is brought in and reverses the breakup). Along the way (before the new CEO) we get email from former coworkers complaining that top executives weren't paying attention to running the business but totally focused on moving expenses from the following year to the current year. We ask our contact in Armonk. He says top executives (470? on executive bonus plan) won't get a bonus for the current year, but the way the bonus plan is written if they can move enough expenses from the following year, nudging it even slightly into the black, they will get a bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (aka, getting rewarded for having taken the company into the red).

Then IBM Board hires away the AMEX ex-president as CEO who reverses the breakup and uses some of the PE techniques used at RJR (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Also in 1992 AMEX spins off a lot of its dataprocessing and outsourcing business as First Data in the largest IPO up until that time. After leaving IBM, I do quite a bit of work at First Data ... and many of the executives had previously reported to Gerstner.

other trivia: When we were doing our IBM HA/CMP product, we were out doing a lot of marketing on the other side of the Pacific. After we left, we kept in touch with many of the people. One of the emails from (former) IBM HK marketing reps, who has also left and he had gone to work for a head hunting company and his boss was the person IBM board used that found Gerstner.

more trivia: all during the FS effort, I continued to work on 360&370 and would periodically ridicule the FS activities ... including drawing comparison with a long-running cult film that was playing down at central sq.

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
IBM downfall/downturn posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
private-equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals
Date: 23 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
Extremist Brains Perform Poorly at Complex Mental Tasks, Study Reveals
https://www.sciencealert.com/extremist-brains-perform-poorly-at-complex-mental-tasks-experiment-reveals
Moreover, it's possible those psychological patterns could be what compels some individuals to adopt strong or radical ideological positions in the first instance, the researchers suggest. "Subtle difficulties with complex mental processing may subconsciously push people towards extreme doctrines that provide clearer, more defined explanations of the world, making them susceptible to toxic forms of dogmatic and authoritarian ideologies,"

... snip ...

... aka ... what is cause and what is effect??? ... from studies of religious fundamentalism and brain problems

Biological and cognitive underpinnings of religious fundamentalism
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5500821/
A link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism has now been established by scientists
https://www.salon.com/2019/01/08/a-link-between-brain-damage-and-religious-fundamentalism-has-now-been-established-by-scientists_partner/
Scientists have established a link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism
https://www.patheos.com/blogs/tippling/2019/01/14/scientists-have-established-a-link-between-brain-damage-and-religious-fundamentalism-among-vietnam-vets/
Brain damage is linked to religious extremism
https://nypost.com/2017/05/08/brain-damage-is-linked-to-religious-extremism/
Neurologists Have Identified Brain Lesions That Could Be Linked to Religious Fundamentalism
https://www.sciencealert.com/damage-to-a-specific-part-of-the-brain-could-result-in-religious-fundamentalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What The Media Isn't Telling You About Texas Blackouts

From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: What The Media Isn't Telling You About Texas Blackouts
Date: 23 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#82 What The Media Isn't Telling You About Texas Blackouts

Texas Froze by Design. In 2002, under Governor Rick Perry, Texas deregulated its electricity system and established a free market, managed by a non-profit entity, with roughly 70 providers. But while the new system worked most of the time, people need electricity all the time
https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/free-market-utility-model-failed-texas-by-james-k-galbraith-2021-02

... we don't need no stinking high availability!!! (trivia: one of the last products we worked on was five-nines availability, aka 99.999%, <60mins outage per century)

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Consumers and Price Volatility: Texas Electricity Prices
https://www.creditslips.org/creditslips/2021/02/consumers-and-price-volatility-texas-electricity-prices.html
It Starts: The Cascading Financial Repercussions of the Texas Electricity Crisis. Now hoping for "corrective action" and "credit intervention" by the State of Texas.
https://wolfstreet.com/2021/02/22/it-starts-the-cascading-financial-repercussions-of-the-texas-electricity-crisis/
Who's to Blame for the Texas Power Crisis?. What ERCOT planners got colossally wrong was the availability of their fossil fleet: gas and coal plants failed. Even a nuclear reactor tripped offline.
https://wolfstreet.com/2021/02/18/whos-to-blame-for-the-texas-power-crisis/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
Date: 23 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidaxe/2021/02/23/the-us-air-force-just-admitted-the-f-35-stealth-fighter-has-failed/

Is the F-35 Program at a Crossroads? As official support for the F-35 program wanes, the Pentagon's largest weapon program is struggling to show it has the promised high-end capabilities for which taxpayers are paying a premium.
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/02/is-the-f-35-program-at-a-crossroads/
The F-35's Engine Is a Bit Busted Right Now. Between cracked turbine blades and slow repair periods, things aren't going so great.
https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/aviation/a35524528/f-35-engine-shortage-repair-problems/

... note heated discussions about F35 radar profile last decade resulted in some articles switching from "stealth" to "low visible" ... and stopped saying that growlers were no longer needed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_EA-18G_Growler

Then started seeing references to new and upgraded growlers and then newer growler radar jamming pods, including for frequencies where F35 is "visible". Online 2011 radar tutorial claimed computer power wasn't available to do "stealth" real-time tracking and targeting. Then ye2017 article had autonomous vehicles operating with 100 times that computer power (needed to do "stealth" real-time tracking and targeting).

lots of past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#83 F111 related discussion x-over from Facebook
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#86 F111 related discussion x-over from Facebook
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#77 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#43 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#42 Senator urges DoD: Do better job defending F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#49 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#52 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#63 UAV vis-a-vis F35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#4 UAV vis-a-vis F35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#20 UAV vis-a-vis F35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#7 John R. Opel, RIP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#10 UAV vis-a-vis F35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#142 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#41 The Heritage Foundation, Then and Now
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#42 Drones now account for one third of U.S. warplanes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#0 Happy Challenger Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#13 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#15 The PC industry is heading for collapse
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#57 Pentagon to Withold Lockheed F-35 Payments Over Tracking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#0 Pentagon to Withold Lockheed F-35 Payments Over Tracking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#25 We are on the brink of historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#72 Sunday Book Review: Mind of War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#55 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#68 'Gutting' Our Military
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#88 Defense acquisitions are broken and no one cares
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#85 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#24 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#50 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#64 Early use of the word "computer"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#78 Millennials have been plugged in pretty much since birth, which naturally means they'd be more adept at understanding the tech world than Gen X or even Baby Boomers, right?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#13 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#11 This Award Winning British Speed Boat May Be Iran's Fiercest Weapon Against The US Navy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#69 Cultural attitudes towards failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#2 Quagmire on the Potomac
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#34 Search Google, 1960:s-style
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#62 America Is Basically Helpless Against The Chinese Hackers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#68 NBC's website hacked with malware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#45 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#54 NBC's website hacked with malware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#64 NBC's website hacked with malware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#87 Not the Navy's Favorite Artist Rendering
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#56 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#5 Lessons Learned from the Iraq War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#20 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#36 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#64 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#16 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#46 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#69 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#19 It was 30 Years Ago Today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#43 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#78 IBM commitment to academia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#101 Boyd Blasphemy: Justifying the F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#15 Boyd Blasphemy: Justifying the F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#55 Behind the Pentagon's doctored ledgers, a running tally of epic waste
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#58 2 v 2 - How the Typhoon kills the F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#2 Did you see the one about the F-35 and F/A-18?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#28 ELP weighs in on the software issue:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#40 ELP weighs in on the software issue:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#63 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#0 Navy's F-35C Completes Landing Tests Ahead of October Sea Trials
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#1 If We Don't Keep The F-22 Raptor Viable, The F-35 Fleet Will Be Irrelevant'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#4 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#40 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#51 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#81 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#86 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#92 Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#3 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#69 Littoral Warfare Ship
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#96 Lockheed Martin F-35 Jet's Software Delayed, GAO Says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#1 Obama to Kill Tomahawk, Hellfire Missile Programs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#90 A Drone Could Be the Ultimate Dogfighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#22 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#48 The Pentagon Is Playing Games With Its $570-Billion Budget
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#51 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#18 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#31 The Designer Of The F-15 Explains Just How Stupid The F-35 Is
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#36 The Designer Of The F-15 Explains Just How Stupid The F-35 Is
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#49 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#52 EBFAS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#61 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#102 A-10 Warthog No Longer Suitable for Middle East Combat, Air Force Leader Says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#40 China's Fifth-Generation Fighter Could Be A Game Changer In An Increasingly Tense East Asia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#41 50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#43 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#9 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#11 NYT on Sony hacking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#16 NYT on Sony hacking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#18 NYT on Sony hacking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#59 A-10
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#75 How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#3 How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#9 The Planet's Best Stealth Fighter Isn't Made in America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#14 With the U.S. F-35 Grounded, Putin's New Jet Beats Us Hands-Down
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#49 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#34 The joy of simplicity?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#46 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#51 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#58 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#81 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#8 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#16 Modern computer brochures; military security; then and now ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#60 rationality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#57 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#75 American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#10 What Will the Next A-10 Warthog Look Like?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#21 DEC and The Americans
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#55 How to Kill the F-35 Stealth Fighter; It all comes down to radar ... and a big enough missile
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#89 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#90 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#92 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#96 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#97 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#105 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#13 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#22 Iran Can Now Detect U.S. Stealth Jets at Long Range
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#61 5th generation stealth, thermal, radar signature
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#104 E.R. Burroughs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#76 The F-35 Stealth Fighter Is Politically Unstoppable----Even Under President Trump
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#77 Test Pilot Admits the F-35 Can't Dogfight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#78 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#93 F35 Program
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#51 The Not-So-Secret Way to Kill an F-22 or F-35 Stealth Fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#61 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#44 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#36 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#17 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#39 Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#117 F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#2 FY18 budget deal yields life-sustaining new wings for the A-10 Warthog
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#19 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#68 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#74 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#76 Why the F-35 Isn't Good Enough for Japan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#109 JSF/F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#20 Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#52 Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#31 Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#118 Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Three Wars, No Victory - Why?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Three Wars, No Victory - Why?
Date: 23 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
Three Wars, No Victory - Why?
https://www.nationalreview.com/magazine/2021/03/08/three-wars-no-victory-why/amp/

... "forever wars", keep the money flowing, simple wargaming has shown that. "John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel":
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"

... snip ...

.. similar to hypothesis that gov. contractors and beltway bandits wargamed the success of failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
sucess of failure posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failuree
Boyd posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

Before the Iraq2 invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

WMD posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of arms from US companies, aka additional congressional gifts to military-industrial complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Then in the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War
including WMDs (note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war

This century, Bush2 is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
Date: 23 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed

military-industrial complex war gaming congressional funding?, from 2009 before F-22 was halted, "This is F-22: Can't Fly Won't Die" (but they apparently then traded the F-22 for the F-35 using the same process)
http://nypost.com/2009/07/17/cant-fly-wont-die/
But this is all about lobbying, not about lobbing bombs. Cynically, Lockheed Martin distributed the F-22 workload to nearly every state, employing under-qualified sub-contractors to create local financial stakes in the program. Great politics -- but the result has been a quality collapse.

... snip ...

... when F-22 was halted, switched to same strategy with F-35

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts with F22 "Can't Fly Won't Die" reference
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#16 Modern computer brochures; military security; then and now ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#60 rationality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#92 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#96 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#61 5th generation stealth, thermal, radar signature
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#104 E.R. Burroughs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#76 The F-35 Stealth Fighter Is Politically Unstoppable----Even Under President Trump
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#93 F35 Program
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#21 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#63 The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#118 Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Innovation

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From: Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Innovation
Date: 23 Feb 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#87 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#88 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#89 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#90 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#93 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#96 IBM Innovation

... in Boyd-themed conferences and online discussions we've had a lot about innovation and creativity.

Businesses urgently need innovative people, so we must dispel the myth that creativity is something mysterious that cannot be encouraged
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business

The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://qz.com/1314814/universal-education-was-first-promoted-by-industrialists-who-wanted-docile-factory-workers/
Industrial Age education, from late 1800s, early 1900s (time & motion studies, etc), teaching memorization, not thinking, strict conformity, stamping out factory workers for the capitalists and robber barons
https://www.azquotes.com/quote/1212588
How to Break Free of Our 19th-Century Factory-Model Education System. A technology and education entrepreneur gazes into the future of the classroom
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/05/how-to-break-free-of-our-19th-century-factory-model-education-system/256881/
Why Our Industrial-Age Schools Are Failing Our Information-Age Kids
https://www.qualitydigest.com/inside/quality-insider-column/why-our-industrial-age-schools-are-failing-our-information-age-kids

The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation. There are two types of games. One kills creativity and the other is for kids...
https://www.inc.com/stephen-shapiro/why-your-business-needs-more-kid-games-fewer-adult-games.html
Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business
US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html

Even bullying has been standard technique in US education as part of enforcing conformity ... as mentioned above, former coworker at IBM cambridge science center and san jose research;
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
"It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
permeates nearly all levels of US education system ... even extending to military academies ... reference to study of German and US military academies the first half of 1900s ... including reference to George Mashall (WW2 chief of staff) was so badly injured in a bullying/hazing incident that he almost had to drop out
https://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/

again lots tracing to "industrial age education" ... Industrial Age Education Is a Disservice to Students
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/industrial-age-education-_b_2974297
AETC Focused on Breaking Away From Industrial-Age Thinking
https://www.airforcemag.com/AETC-Focused-on-Breaking-Away-From-Industrial-Age-Thinking/
Lessons in learning
https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2019/09/study-shows-that-students-learn-more-when-taking-part-in-classrooms-that-employ-active-learning-strategies/

Boyd Posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#48 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#29 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#54 Why stability trumps innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#65 Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#50 The Unleashed Mind: Why Creative People Are Eccentric
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#74 Steve B sees what investors think
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#70 Teaching Smart People How to Learn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#3 Inside the Box People don't actually like creativity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#48 Is coding the new literacy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#98 VNET 1983 IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#66 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#53 E.R. Burroughs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#62 Most people are secretly threatened by creativity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#62 People don't actually like creativity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#20 cultural stereotypes, was Ironic old "fortune"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#84 Bureaucracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#106 Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#109 What did corporate America do with that tax break? Buy record amounts of its own stock
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#111 The story of the internet is all about layers; How the internet lost its decentralized innocence
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#67 Range
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#90 DNS & other trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#3 The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970





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