List of Archived Posts

2021 Newsgroup Postings (08/06 - 09/02)

Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
Cloud computing's destiny
The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
Cloud computing's destiny
Getting the lead out: a quirky tale of saving the world
Getting the lead out: a quirky tale of saving the world
Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant
A terrifying new theory: Fake news and conspiracy theories as an evolutionary strategy
'Climate change is going to cost us': How the US military is preparing for harsher environments
'Climate change is going to cost us': How the US military is preparing for harsher environments
Analysis: Why Refusing the COVID-19 Vaccine isn't Just Immoral - it's 'un-American'
Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
'A Kleptocrat's dream': US real estate a safe haven for billions in dirty money, report says
Enemies, conspiracies, misinformation, psychopaths, sociopaths, and cults
Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
Wealthiest Netted Billions From Trump Tax Cut They Helped Write: Report
Hospitals Face A Shortage Of Nurses As COVID Cases Soar
A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
Neoliberalism: America Has Arrived at One of History's Great Crossroads
NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
Massive infrastructure spending has a dark side. Yes, there is such a thing as dumb growth
More than a Decade After the Volcker Rule Purported to Outlaw It, JPMorgan Chase Still Owns a Hedge Fund
NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
the wonders of SABRE, was Magnetic Drum reservations 1952
IBM Graphical Workstation
IBM/PC 12Aug1981
NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
IBM/PC 12Aug1981
NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
$10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000
Republicans delete webpage celebrating Trump's deal with Taliban
The lost history of the electric car - and what it tells us about the future of transport
IBM Acronyms
Afghanistan Down the Drain
Afghanistan Down the Drain
OoO S/360 descendants
OoO S/360 descendants
Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
PROFS
OoO S/360 descendants
PROFS
PROFS
PROFS
even an old mainframer can do it
Afghanistan Down the Drain
Generation of Vipers
Mexico sues US gun-makers over flow of weapons across border
Generation of Vipers
PROFS
IBM Starting Salary
An Un-American Way of War: Why the United States Fails at Irregular Warfare
Programs that work right the first time
WWII Pilot Barrel Rolls Boeing 707
CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
TYMSHARE, VMSHARE, and Adventure
IBM Graphical Workstation
IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
"Safe" Internet Payment Products
China Is Serving Up for America. Beijing's push to build an entire industry from scratch helps inform how the White House should proceed
"Safe" Internet Payment Products
IBM XT/370
IBM Internal network
IBM Internal network
Warthog/A-10
Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088
IBM Internal network
IBM Internal network
IBM Internal network
The SEC is Allowing 5-Count Felon JPMorgan Chase to Trade Its Own Bank Stock in its Own Dark Pools
IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088
IBM Internal network
IBM XT/370
IBM Internal network
CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
Hurricane Ida slammed into Louisiana and then didn't really weaken. Why?
Our "Trillion-Dollar Seven": Can We Summon the Courage to Tax Them?
The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
What Is a TPM, and Why Do I Need One for Windows 11?
CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088
CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
An AI can simulate an economy millions of times to create fairer tax policy
CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
Mainframe Hall of Fame
Mainframe Hall of Fame
Afghan Crisis Must End America's Empire of War, Corruption and Poverty
3277 graphics
Tigershark: When What Might Have Been Became What Never Was
The Age of Battleships Is Dead and Long Gone
The Foundation of the Internet: TCP/IP Turns 40
The Age of Battleships Is Dead and Long Gone

Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
Date: 06 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#68 Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot

(from 7jan2021) tv program last week claimed that all members of the mob that breached the capital (a felony) are now guilty of first degree murder (with the death of capital police)

Capitol Police officer on life support after pro-Trump riot, union official says
https://www.cnn.com/2021/01/07/politics/capitol-police-officer-riot
What an analysis of 377 Americans arrested or charged in the Capitol insurrection tells us
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2021/04/06/capitol-insurrection-arrests-cpost-analysis/
"They Sought to Convert Us": Officers' January 6 Testimony Reveals the Riot's Dark Righteousness
https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2021/07/officers-january-6-testimony-reveals-the-riots-dark-righteousness

Felony Murder Doctrine
https://dictionary.law.com/Default.aspx?selected=741
n. a rule of criminal statutes that any death which occurs during the commission of a felony is first degree murder
... snip ...

Felony murder rule
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felony_murder_rule
The rule of felony murder is a legal doctrine in some common law jurisdictions that broadens the crime of murder: when an offender kills (regardless of intent to kill) in the commission of a dangerous or enumerated crime (called a felony in some jurisdictions), the offender, and also the offender's accomplices or co-conspirators, may be found guilty of murder.
... snip ...

... crime TV programs have get-away drivers, that had been promised that there would be no violence, getting convicted of felony 1st degree murder, when somebody dies during a robbery ... if applied in this case, all members of the mob that breached the capital are guilty of felony 1st degree murder ... as well as all the people that help them before and after the event, including all elected officials and gov. employees that were in any way involved.

some 6jan2021 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#97 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#94 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#14 Did Whistleblower Reprisal Help Set the Stage for a January 6 Intelligence Failure?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#48 'We're Gonna Murder You and Then Them'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#51 Sacking the Capital and Honor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#47 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#40 National Guard deployment in DC

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cloud computing's destiny

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Cloud computing's destiny
Date: 07 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#35 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#36 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#38 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#45 Cloud computing's destiny

might be interested in this "Rise and Fall of IBM"
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm

Since "Tandem Memos" started to spike in spring of 1981 and package for the corporate executive committee was summer of 1981, most of my attitudes couldn't be blamed on John Boyd ... who I didn't meet until afterwards, but felt an immediate affinity and would sponsor his briefings at IBM.

Note in 89/90, the commandant of the marine corps leverages Boyd for a corps make-over ... at a time when IBM was desperately in need of a make-over (at the time, Marine Corps & IBM had approx. same number of people) ... 92, IBM has gone into the red and was being re-organized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company

We've continued to have Boyd conferences at Marine Corps Univ (in Quantico). Long winded post on "Martial Arts OODA-loop from two months ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#37 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#47 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#51 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#58 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#60 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"

has some number of Boyd stories in the comments

Boyd had passed in 1997, by which time the USAF had pretty much disowned him (it was the marines at Arlington) ... even tho he had gone from being possibly the best fighter pilot in the world to inventing E/M theory and using it to redo the original F15 design, cutting weight nearly in half, then responsible for YF16 and YF17 (which becomes F16 and F18) and then helping with A10. It was then a surprise that USAF named "Boyd Hall" at USAF Weapons School in 1999 (they possibly thought he was gone and could no longer plaque them).

note also reference (in post) to putting up VMSHARE files on internal systems and network ... and biggest problems about internal employees would be contaminated by being exposed directly to customer information (rather than what executives were telling them) ... archive
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

Turns out that one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... including the world-wide, online sales&marketing HONE systems (where I also provided full VMSHARE copies) ... possibly contributing to the executive committee not firing me

computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
HONE system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
John Boyd posts & refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
Date: 07 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/08/the-disturbing-rise-of-the-corporate-mercenaries.html
This post is a tad imprecise....a private equity firm would not "merge" with an operating business like DynCorp. But it still puts a little light on a widely recognized yet oddly hardly ever discussed issue, the outside role of big business mercenaries, aka private armies, like the firm formerly known as Blackwater.

Oh, and as for DynCorp, it appears to have long occupied a special place in the Pentagon firmament. See the start of this video through 3:23.

... snip ...

Another example was the OPM website hack/breach ... which had been outsourced to another private-equity owned company. OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
... snip ...

The Shock Doctrine, The Rise Of Disaster Capitalism
https://www.amazon.com/Shock-Doctrine-Rise-Disaster-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B003KVKQB4/
pg482/loc7253-58:
So while the reconstruction of Iraq was certainly a failure for Iraqis and for U.S. taxpayers, it has been anything but for the disaster capitalism complex. Made possible by the September 11 attacks, the war in Iraq represented nothing less than the violent birth of a new economy. This was the genius of Rumsfeld's 'transformation' plan: since every possible aspect of both destruction and reconstruction has been outsourced and privatized, there's an economic boom when the bombs start falling, when they stop and when they start up again -- a closed profit-loop of destruction and reconstruction, of tearing down and building up. For companies that are clever and farsighted, like Halliburton and the Carlyle Group, the destroyers and rebuilders are different divisions of the same corporations.

pg540/loc8105-8:
While the disaster capitalism complex does not deliberately scheme to create the cataclysms on which it feeds (though Iraq may be a notable exception), there is plenty of evidence that its component industries work very hard indeed to make sure that current disastrous trends continue unchallenged. Large oil companies have bankrolled the climate-change-denial movement for years; Exxon-Mobil has spent an estimated $16 million on the crusade over the past decade.
... snip ...

... there was enormous uptic in Private Equity buying up beltway bandits and government contractors after the turn of the century ... and corresponding huge uptic in outsourcing to PE-owned companies ... PE-firms were hiring prominent politicians to lobby on behalf of the companies they owned ... there are heavy restrictions on using money from gov. contracts for lobbying ... but it appears to be "laundered" when passed up to a PE-owner.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

Intelligence, 70% of the budget and half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

also had huge uptic in the rapidly spreading success of failure culture ... a series of failures met more money to push up to their PE-owners
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

"John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel":
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"
... snip ...

"perpetual war" is preferred to actual winning
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
Boyd posts and URL refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

posts mentioning dyncorp
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#129 Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#123 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#115 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#35 book "Glass House"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#55 The Trump Administration Is Using the Full Power of the U.S. Surveillance State Against Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#49 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#9 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#20 Military Contractors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#78 New hard drive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#16 Federal Deficits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#91 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cloud computing's destiny

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Cloud computing's destiny
Date: 07 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#35 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#36 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#38 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#45 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#1 Cloud computing's destiny

In the morph of CP67->VM370, the development group dropped and/or greatly simplified a lot of stuff, including SMP multiprocessor support and a lot of stuff I had done as an undergraduate in the 60s. Old email about starting to migrate a lot of CP67 stuff to VM370 for internal CSC/VM (as mentioned, one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

In the mid 70s, the US internal (sales&marketing support) HONE datacenters were consolidated in palo alto (trivia: when facebook 1st moved into silicon valley, it was into a new bldg built next door to the old US HONE datacenter). Loosly-coupled support was implemented so could do eight 168 systems in single-system image sharing the same disk farm, with load balancing and fall-over. HONE sales&marketing support applications were heavily APL-based and compute intensive. I then added SMP support (back) into vm370 release three so they could add a 2nd processor to each of the eight systems (for 16 processors).

HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

The 23jun1969 unbundling announcement started to charge for services, (application) software, maintenance, etc ... but they managed to make the case that kernel (operating system) software should still be free. Then during the FS period in the 1st half of the 70s (complete different and completely replace 370), 370 work was being shutdown ... the lack of new IBM 370 products in the period is credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold. I continued to do 360/370 work all through the period and even periodically ridicule FS (which wasn't exactly a career enhancing activity). from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s:
and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.
... snip ...
other FS detail
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

With the implosion of FS there was a mad rush to get stuff back into the product 370 pipeline ... which apparently contributed to picking up some of my stuff for base vm370 release 3. Then apparently because the rise of clone makers, it was decided to transition to start charging for kernel software and my resource manager ("wheeler scheduler") was selected as guinea pig for separate, charged-for, add-on component (released in the middle of release 3 time-frame). I included in the resource manager a whole bunch of other code ... including the reorganization of the kernel structure for tightly coupled multiprocessor ... but not the actual multiprocessor support.

Then the company decided to release multiprocessor support as part of VM370 release 4 ... but ran into a big problem. Early part of transition to kernel software charging, was all direct hardware support was "free". However, to release multiprocessor support, they needed my kernel reorg from the charge for "resource manager". Eventually the decision was made to move approx. 90% of the release 3 "resource manager" code into the base free "release 4" base ... so the free release 4 (hardware) multiprocessor support didn't have a dependency on a charge-for kernel add-on.

Resource Manager posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
SMP (&/or compare&swap) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Getting the lead out: a quirky tale of saving the world

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Getting the lead out: a quirky tale of saving the world
Date: 08 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Getting the lead out: a quirky tale of saving the world
https://davidbrin.blogspot.com/2013/01/getting-lead-out-quirky-tale-of-saving.html
Lead has long been rumored as a major culprit of individual and societal downfall - even in the collapse of the Roman Empire. Starting in the 1960s we found that remediation of houses that had lead-based paint correlated with improved IQ tests for children in poor neighborhoods.

A connection with violent crime now seems to be statistically proved. The elimination of lead-based octane enhancers from gasoline in the United States just may have been the most dramatically cost effective step taken to improve the lives of Americans, and then people around the world.

... snip ...

then there is Freakonomics ... which found reducing unwanted babies, reduced crime (over the same period)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freakonomics
http://freakonomics.com/
https://www.amazon.com/Freakonomics-Rev-Ed-Economist-Everything-ebook/dp/B000MAH66Y/

20yrs of updated data, Abortion and Crime, Revisited (Ep. 384)
https://freakonomics.com/podcast/abortion/

past posts referencinging freakonomics:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#94 Fecalnomics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#12 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#3 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#27 OT: efforts to repeal strict public safety laws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#74 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#46 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#12 The Secret Consensus Among Economists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#57 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#30 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#88 NASA proves once again that, for it, the impossible is not even difficult
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#55 ANN: Microsoft goes Open Source

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Getting the lead out: a quirky tale of saving the world

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Getting the lead out: a quirky tale of saving the world
Date: 08 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#4 Getting the lead out: a quirky tale of saving the world

The Neurological Differences Between Psychopaths and Sociopaths. The labels "psychopath" and "sociopath" are often used interchangeably, but they're not the same. Here's a few of the traits that render these disorders unique.
https://www.discovermagazine.com/mind/the-neurological-differences-between-psychopaths-and-sociopaths
Both psychopaths and sociopaths are severe types of an antisocial behavior, capable of extreme violence and a disregard for the feelings and experiences of other individuals. While they both undoubtedly present a danger to society, they also have significant differences, which start to manifest at birth.

"The psychopath is born with a psychopathic brain, which ... doesn't function properly to allow for normal social experiences," explains Scott Johnson, a psychologist and independent consultant who provides forensic mental health training to law enforcement and prosecutors. "The sociopath, on the other hand, we believe is born with normal brain, but something goes wrong during their nurturing."

Childhood neglect and abuse is a major predictor for serious antisocial behaviors such as sociopathy in later life. That isn't to say that everyone - or even most people - who were abused as a child go on to become a sociopath, but studies have consistently shown that sociopaths are more likely to have been a victim of child abuse than the general population. Psychological trauma as a child is thought to interfere with proper brain development, which may explain why this a link, says Johnson.

... snip ...

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

past posts mentioning sociopaths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#85 Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#37 Big Tech Meets Its Pecora Commission: Why Google's Toughest Opponent Is Now Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#90 Study Confirms Most Psychopaths Live in Washington D.C
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#55 Should Bankers Be Forced to Put Some Skin in the Game?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#22 Dotcom Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#92 pneumatic cash systems was Re: [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#24 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#74 Trump delay of the 'fiduciary rule' will cost retirement savers $3.7 billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#19 Banking; The Book That Will Save Banking From Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#7 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#3 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#10 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#22 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#15 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#15 Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#39 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#1 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#1 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#76 Crowdsourcing Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#53 Retirement Savings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#53 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#91 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#1 Spontaneous conduction: The music man with no written plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#99 New theory of moral behavior may explain recent ethical lapses in banking industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#16 Interview of Mr. John Reed regarding banking fixing the game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#4 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#80 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#30 Have you ever wondered why some people seem to get rich easily
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#77 Madoff Whistleblower Book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant
Date: 08 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#85 Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant

A terrifying new theory: Fake news and conspiracy theories as an evolutionary strategy. Social scientist Michael Bang Petersen on why people believe outrageous lies -- as a tool in violent group conflict
https://www.salon.com/2021/08/08/a-terrifying-new-theory-fake-news-and-conspiracy-theories-as-an-evolutionary-strategy/M/
The Lucrative Business of Spreading Vaccine Misinformation is Being Crowdfunded
https://tech.slashdot.org/story/21/08/08/161231/the-lucrative-business-of-spreading-vaccine-misinformation-is-being-crowdfunded
YouTube Just Demonetized Anti-Vax Channels
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/carolineodonovan/youtube-just-demonetized-anti-vax-channels
How Robert F. Kennedy Jr. Spreads Anti-vaxxer Disinformation Using Facebook
https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2021/05/how-robert-f-kennedy-jr-became-anti-vaxxer-icon-nightmare
The Sneaky New Way Vaccine Conspiracists Are Raising Cash
https://www.thedailybeast.com/the-sneaky-new-way-vaccine-conspiracists-are-raising-cash

Russia May Be Spreading Vaccine Misinformation to Undermine Efforts to Immunize People
https://tech.slashdot.org/story/21/08/07/1533234/russia-may-be-spreading-vaccine-misinformation-to-undermine-efforts-to-immunize-people
Russian Disinformation Targets Vaccines and the Biden Administration
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/05/us/politics/covid-vaccines-russian-disinformation.html
Russian disinformation targets vaccines and the Biden administration
https://www.seattletimes.com/nation-world/russian-disinformation-targets-vaccines-and-the-biden-administration/

... then there is "Merchants of Doubt"
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/
https://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt

some of the same scientists payed by the tobacco industry to write articles down playing the link between smoking and lung cancer, later showup in "Team B" studies inflated Soviet military and then down playing climate change.

merchant of doubt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

posts mentioning vaccine, anti-vax, and/or mis-information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#93 A top spreader of coronavirus misinformation says he will delete his posts after 48 hours
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#94 Drug Industry Money Quietly Backs Media Voices Against Sharing Vaccine Patents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#90 'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#73 'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#70 Just 12 People Are Behind Most Vaccine Hoaxes On Social Media, Research Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#150 How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#95 The results of Facebook's anti-conservative bias audit are in
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#54 Misinformation: anti-vaccine bullshit

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A terrifying new theory: Fake news and conspiracy theories as an evolutionary strategy

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: A terrifying new theory: Fake news and conspiracy theories as an evolutionary strategy
Date: 08 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
A terrifying new theory: Fake news and conspiracy theories as an evolutionary strategy. Social scientist Michael Bang Petersen on why people believe outrageous lies -- as a tool in violent group conflict
https://www.salon.com/2021/08/08/a-terrifying-new-theory-fake-news-and-conspiracy-theories-as-an-evolutionary-strategy/
Political misinformation -- whether "fake news," conspiracy theories or outright lying -- has often been attributed to widespread ignorance, even though there are numerous examples of 20th-century propaganda aimed at those most attentive to politics. Books like Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky's "Manufacturing Consent" began to challenge that notion, as did the 1991 study of media coverage of the first Gulf War with the memorable bottom line, "the more you watch, the less you know." In the age of social media, scholarly explanations have shifted to discussions of "motivated reasoning," which could be defined by Paul Simon's line from "The Boxer": "A man hears what he wants to hear and disregards the rest."
... snip ...

... then there is "Merchants of Doubt"
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/
https://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt

some of the same scientists payed by the tobacco industry to write articles down playing the link between smoking and lung cancer, later showup in "Team B" studies inflated Soviet military and then down playing climate change.

merchant of doubt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Climate change is going to cost us': How the US military is preparing for harsher environments

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'Climate change is going to cost us': How the US military is preparing for harsher environments
Date: 09 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
'Climate change is going to cost us': How the US military is preparing for harsher environments
https://www.defensenews.com/smr/energy-and-environment/2021/08/09/climate-change-is-going-to-cost-us-how-the-us-military-is-preparing-for-harsher-environments/
Critical ocean system may be heading for collapse due to climate change, study finds
https://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Critical-ocean-system-may-be-heading-for-collapse-16366555.php
A Critical Ocean System May Be Heading For Collapse Due to Climate Change
https://news.slashdot.org/story/21/08/07/0449229/a-critical-ocean-system-may-be-heading-for-collapse-due-to-climate-change
Earth will hit 1.5°C climate limit within 20 years, says IPCC report
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2286454-earth-will-hit-1-5c-climate-limit-within-20-years-says-ipcc-report/
Fires, Floods, Heatwaves: We're Just Getting Started, Says IPCC
https://www.motherjones.com/environment/2021/08/unequivocal-ipcc-report-human-climate-change-fires-floods-heatwaves-climate-emergency/
IPCC climate change report: Earth is warming faster than scientists previously thought scientists say, and the window is closing to avoid catastrophic outcomes
https://edition.cnn.com/2021/08/09/world/global-climate-change-report-un-ipcc/index.html
The world is on the brink of 'catastrophe,' leader of next UN climate talks warns
https://www.cnn.com/2021/08/08/world/climate-warning-alok-sharma-cop26-ipcc-intl/index.html
UN Science Panel To Release Report On Climate Change. Will Say The World Is On The Brink Of 'Catastrophe'
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2021/08/un-science-panel-to-release-report-on.html
After Deadly Floods, a German Village Rethinks Its Relationship to Nature
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/06/world/europe/germany-floods-recovery-climate-change-global-warming.html
Climate change: UN to reveal landmark IPCC report findings
https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-58141129
Extreme Weather News: Live Updates
https://www.nytimes.com/live/2021/08/09/us/climate-change#dixie-fire-updates-california
Major climate changes inevitable and irreversible - IPCC's starkest warning yet
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2021/aug/09/humans-have-caused-unprecedented-and-irreversible-change-to-climate-scientists-warn
The One Silver Lining in the Bleak IPCC Report on Climate
https://time.com/6088545/ipcc-report-rapid-attribution/
UN science panel to release key report on climate change
https://apnews.com/article/europe-science-climate-environment-and-nature-united-nations-1d89d5183583718ad4ad311fa2ee7d83
'Olympian' bat's flight offers climate change clues
https://phys.org/news/2021-08-olympian-flight-climate-clues.html
Climate change 'unequivocal' and 'unprecedented,' says new U.N. report
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2021/08/climate-change-unequivocal-and-unprecedented-says-new-un-report
Earth already feeling 'irreversible' impacts of climate change, IPCC says
https://www.cnet.com/news/earth-already-feeling-irreversible-impacts-of-climate-change-ipcc-says/
IPCC interactive atlas shows what climate impacts will affect your reg
https://www.fastcompany.com/90663986/how-will-climate-change-affect-where-you-live-this-interactive-tool-shows-you
IPCC Report: We're Going to Pass the 1.5° Climate Threshold
https://time.com/6088618/ipcc-climate-change-ar6/
New IPPC Report: Climate Change Impacts are "Widespread and Severe."
https://time.com/6088531/ipcc-climate-report-hockey-stick-curve/
No good news here: Key IPCC findings on climate change
https://phys.org/news/2021-08-good-news-key-ipcc-climate.html
Regulators refuse to step in as workers languish in extreme heat
https://www.politico.com/news/2021/08/08/osha-climate-change-effects-workforce-heat-impact-501744
The Language Of Climate Change Just Changed In a Major Way
https://time.com/6088583/ipcc-report-climate-change-language/
UN's IPCC report on climate change sounds 'code red' for planet
https://techcrunch.com/2021/08/09/uns-ipcc-report-on-climate-change-sounds-code-red-for-planet/
IPCC climate report: 13 things we learned from major science review
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2286506-13-things-we-learned-from-the-landmark-ipcc-climate-report/
IPCC Report: The window to avoid climate catastrophe is closing
https://www.fastcompany.com/90662087/we-still-have-a-narrow-window-to-avoid-climate-catastrophe-but-its-rapidly-closing
New IPCC climate report is the clearest guidebook for selecting a future
https://arstechnica.com/science/2021/08/new-ipcc-climate-report-is-the-clearest-guidebook-for-selecting-a-future/

some of the same scientists payed by the tobacco industry to write articles down playing the link between smoking and lung cancer, later showup in "Team B" studies inflated Soviet military and then down playing climate change.

merchant of doubt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

recent posts mentioning "climate change"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#7 A terrifying new theory: Fake news and conspiracy theories as an evolutionary strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#6 Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#2 The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#98 Heatwave causes massive melt of Greenland ice sheet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#93 A top spreader of coronavirus misinformation says he will delete his posts after 48 hours
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#79 Want Quick Progress on Climate Change? Clean Up 'Hyper-Polluting' Coal Plants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#78 Fox Hosts Hit Peak Bizarro World: Tucker Lies, Says Fauci 'Created' Covid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#72 It's Time to Call Out Big Oil for What It Really Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#16 Big oil and gas kept a dirty secret for decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#13 NYT Ignores Two-Year House Arrest of Lawyer Who Took on Big Oil
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#3 Big oil and gas kept a dirty secret for decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#25 POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#15 POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#89 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#77 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#59 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#77 Meet the "New Koch Brothers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#83 Capital in the Twenty-First Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#60 The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#24 Promtheus' Fire: Climate Change in the Time of Willful Ignorance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#5 Book: Kochland : the secret history of Koch Industries and corporate power in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#150 How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#123 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#100 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#116 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#103 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#86 The Hottest July, How Climate Change is Breaking Temperature Records in 2019
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#50 Recent climate and heat news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#64 How to fight desertification and reverse climate change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Climate change is going to cost us': How the US military is preparing for harsher environments

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'Climate change is going to cost us': How the US military is preparing for harsher environments
Date: 09 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#8 'Climate change is going to cost us': How the US military is preparing for harsher environments

Climate Change Is a 'Hammer Hitting Us on the Head,' Developing Nations Say
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/09/climate/climate-change-UN-report.html
IPCC climate change report: Earth is warming faster than scientists previously thought scientists say, and the window is closing to avoid catastrophic outcomes
https://www.cnn.com/2021/08/09/world/global-climate-change-report-un-ipcc/index.html
Global Climate Agreements: Successes and Failures
https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/paris-global-climate-change-agreements
A Hotter Future Is Certain, According to U.N. Climate Report
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/09/climate/climate-change-report-ipcc-un.html
Earth already experiencing irreversible impacts of climate change, IPCC report says
https://www.cnet.com/news/earth-already-experiencing-irreversible-impacts-of-climate-change-ipcc-report-says/
Key takeaways from the IPCC report on the climate crisis
https://www.cnn.com/2021/08/09/world/ipcc-climate-key-takeaways/index.html
The U.N. IPCC climate change report is bleak but hopeful.
https://slate.com/technology/2021/08/climate-change-report-bleak-hopeful.html
Global Warming UN Report IPCC
https://apnews.com/article/climate-change-global-warming-un-report-ipcc-1d89d5183583718ad4ad311fa2ee7d83
Humans have pushed the climate into 'unprecedented' territory, landmark U.N. report finds
https://www.washingtonpost.com/climate-environment/2021/08/09/ipcc-climate-report-global-warming-greenhouse-gas-effect/
The Latest IPCC Report Is a Catastrophe
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2021/08/latest-ipcc-report-catastrophe/619698/
IPCC Report: My Climate Tipping Point
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2021/08/ipcc-report-my-climate-tipping-point/619700/
Yet another major heat wave is brewing in the Pacific Northwest
https://www.washingtonpost.com/weather/2021/08/09/pacific-northwest-heatwave-fires-california/

some of the same scientists payed by the tobacco industry to write articles down playing the link between smoking and lung cancer, later showup in "Team B" studies inflated Soviet military and then down playing climate change.

merchant of doubt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Analysis: Why Refusing the COVID-19 Vaccine isn't Just Immoral - it's 'un-American'

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Analysis: Why Refusing the COVID-19 Vaccine isn't Just Immoral - it's 'un-American'
Date: 10 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Analysis: Why Refusing the COVID-19 Vaccine isn't Just Immoral - it's 'un-American'. America's founders accepted the reality of human selfishness. But, they also said people were capable of thinking for the good of the whole, which is necessary for a free society.
https://www.govexec.com/technology/2021/08/analysis-why-refusing-covid-19-vaccine-isnt-just-immoral-its-un-american/184381/

re: lead, abortions, psychopaths and sociopaths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#5 Getting the lead out: a quirky tale of saving the world

Twitter again suspends Marjorie Taylor Greene for COVID misinformation. The suspension is the third such for the Georgia representative, and will last a week.
https://www.cnet.com/news/twitter-again-suspends-marjorie-taylor-greene-for-covid-misinformation/

Twitter suspends Marjorie Taylor Greene temporarily for spreading vaccine misinformation
https://techcrunch.com/2021/08/10/marjorie-taylor-greene-mjt-twitter-suspension/

Lauren Boebert's midnight run: Capitol tour happened after she attended "Stop the Steal" rally. Boebert was in D.C. to attend "Million MAGA March" when she took her family on unexplained midnight Capitol tour
https://www.salon.com/2021/08/10/lauren-boeberts-midnight-run-capitol-tour-happened-after-she-attended-stop-the-steal-rally/
USA Today reported on Jan. 4 that Boebert and another new member of Congress, Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene, R-Ga., had "co-signed" the Jan. 6 "Stop the Steal" rally. Boebert was added to the speaker lineup on Dec. 29, shortly after the event website was launched. She did not in fact speak at the Jan. 6 rally, but as Salon had reported, attended the event that morning with her mother and can be seen in photographs with event organizers.
... snip ...

'Wild' protests: Police brace for pro-Trump rallies when Congress meets Jan. 6 to certify Biden's win
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2020/12/31/elections-protest-dc-police-brace-donald-trump-demonstrators/4097472001/

insurrection posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#0 Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#97 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#94 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#68 Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#14 Did Whistleblower Reprisal Help Set the Stage for a January 6 Intelligence Failure?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#48 'We're Gonna Murder You and Then Them'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#71 Let's Be Honest About What Trump Wanted on January 6
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#51 Sacking the Capital and Honor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#47 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#40 National Guard deployment in DC

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
Date: 10 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#99 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks

U.S. Signals It Will Release Some Still-Secret Files on Saudi Arabia and 9/11. The F.B.I. said it would review some long-classified documents for possible disclosure, a decision that followed a push by families of the attacks' victims.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/09/us/politics/sept-11-saudi-arabia-biden.html
In a court filing in long-running litigation brought by the victims' families against Saudi Arabia, the Justice Department said that the F.B.I. "recently" closed a portion of its investigation into the terrorist attacks and was beginning a review of documents that it had previously said must remain secret with an eye toward disclosing more of them.
... snip ...

other recent posts mentioning wahhabi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
Date: 10 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/10/in-pursuit-of-clarity-the-intellect-and-intellectual-integrity-of-pierre-sprey/
My friend Pierre Sprey, who died suddenly on August 4, is being justly commemorated for his leading role in forcing the US air force, much against its will, to produce two weapons, the F-16 fighter and A-10 ground support plane, that perform their missions effectively, and at low cost. These were indeed remarkable victories over an entrenched bureaucracy more intent on protecting its own perceived interests rather than defending the country. More importantly, they served to illustrate Pierre's extraordinary strengths in intellect and character, which he applied to far more than the design of weapons.
... snip ...

A New Conception of War
https://www.usmcu.edu/Outreach/Marine-Corps-University-Press/Books-by-topic/MCUP-Titles-A-Z/A-New-Conception-of-War/
PDF->kindle, loc835:
In this case, Boyd busied himself with two side projects. In the first, he became the E-M sounding board for his associate, defense analyst Pierre Sprey, who worked on the contentious A-X project for the Air Force at the Pentagon. A-X--the Air Force's effort to design a dedicated close air support (CAS) airframe--was a schizophrenic project. Air Force leaders were not enthusiastic about the CAS mission, as it took resources away from their real missions of air superiority and nuclear weapons delivery; but they did not want the Army to take over that mission, because that would also cost the Air Force money, not to mention the humiliation of losing a core mission to a different Service branch. 61 Boyd helped Sprey validate the maneuverability calculations for the aircraft that became the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II. Boyd's immediate impact on the A-X project proved less important than what he took away from it: namely, an interest in German tactics during World War II that arose from his interviews with former Luftwaffe pilots in the course of developing the A-X. This interest would pay dividends in Boyd's work on conflict theory, which is discussed later.

loc1783-88:
Boyd's collaboration with associate Pierre Sprey on the development of the A-10 close air support (CAS) aircraft sparked his exploration of history. The project was Sprey's, with Sprey consulting Boyd on performance analysis, E-M Theory, and views on warfare in general. When designing the A-10, Sprey had to determine what aircraft features provided the firepower and loiter time required by ground forces, while also granting survivability against the enemy ground fire that would inevitably be directed against it.4The German Wehrmacht had pioneered both the design and employment of dedicated CAS aircraft in World War II.
... snip ...

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

posts mentioning Sprey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#46 SitRep: Is the F-35 officially a failure? Cost overruns, other issues prompt Air Force to look for "clean sheet" fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#40 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#12 Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Loathed Lean?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#130 Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#83 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#81 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#80 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#57 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#98 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#38 Maneuver Warfare: German Experiences in WWII
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#40 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#74 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#29 Jedi Knights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#97 What a Caveman Can Teach You About Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#75 Excellent and recommended

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'A Kleptocrat's dream': US real estate a safe haven for billions in dirty money, report says

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'A Kleptocrat's dream': US real estate a safe haven for billions in dirty money, report says
Date: 10 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
'A Kleptocrat's dream': US real estate a safe haven for billions in dirty money, report says. Based on a review of more than 100 money-laundering cases, a new study finds that the U.S. has become a preferred destination for those looking to stash illicit funds through property.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/fincen-files/a-kleptocrats-dream-us-real-estate-a-safe-haven-for-billions-in-dirty-money-report-says/
Acres of Money Laundering: Why U.S. Real Estate is Kleptocrat's Dream
https://gfintegrity.org/report/acres-of-money-laundering-why-u-s-real-estate-is-a-kleptocrats-dream/

... not long after the "economic mess", some Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) were found to be money laundering for terrorists and drug cartels. Possibly because the gov. was already leaning over backwards to keep them afloat, they had their hands slapped and asked to please stop (rather than being shutdown and jail time). Claims were all that money was enabling purchase of military-grade equipment&arms and the rise of violence on both sides of the border. One article claimed it was responsible for turning Mexico into another Columbia.

money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laudering
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-jail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Enemies, conspiracies, misinformation, psychopaths, sociopaths, and cults

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Enemies, conspiracies, misinformation, psychopaths, sociopaths, and cults
Date: 10 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
recent sample

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#10 Analysis: Why Refusing the COVID-19 Vaccine isn't Just Immoral - it's 'un-American'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#7 A terrifying new theory: Fake news and conspiracy theories as an evolutionary strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#6 Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#5 Getting the lead out: a quirky tale of saving the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#97 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#93 A top spreader of coronavirus misinformation says he will delete his posts after 48 hours
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#85 Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#78 Fox Hosts Hit Peak Bizarro World: Tucker Lies, Says Fauci 'Created' Covid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#1 'Madman ... racist, sexist pig': new book details Obama's real thoughts on Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#77 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#70 Just 12 People Are Behind Most Vaccine Hoaxes On Social Media, Research Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#31 Does HBO's QAnon Documentary Reveal Who Q Is?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#46 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#40 National Guard deployment in DC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#24 Trump Tells Georgia Official to Steal Election in Recorded Call

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
Date: 10 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#68 Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#0 Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot

Judge asks why Capitol rioters are paying just $1.5 million for attack, while U.S. taxpayers will pay more than $500 million
https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/legal-issues/capitol-riot-costs-defendants-pay/2021/08/09/ff05f4b0-f923-11eb-9c0e-97e29906a970_story.html
Judge suggests feds are too lenient toward Jan. 6 defendants. The chief judge of the federal court in Washington raised questions about why pleading guilty to a misdemeanor was permitted to resolve certain cases.
https://www.politico.com/news/2021/08/09/judge-feds-lenient-jan-6-503052
As mountain of video evidence grows, Capitol riot trials are pushed to 2022 and beyond
https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/legal-issues/capital-riot-evidence-cost/2021/07/16/d5e81bdc-e404-11eb-8aa5-5662858b696e_story.html

what happened to "felony murder"?

Felony Murder Doctrine
https://dictionary.law.com/Default.aspx?selected=741
n. a rule of criminal statutes that any death which occurs during the commission of a felony is first degree murder
... snip ...

Felony murder rule
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felony_murder_rule
The rule of felony murder is a legal doctrine in some common law jurisdictions that broadens the crime of murder: when an offender kills (regardless of intent to kill) in the commission of a dangerous or enumerated crime (called a felony in some jurisdictions), the offender, and also the offender's accomplices or co-conspirators, may be found guilty of murder.
... snip ...

other refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#14 Enemies, conspiracies, misinformation, psychopaths, sociopaths, and cults
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#10 Analysis: Why Refusing the COVID-19 Vaccine isn't Just Immoral - it's 'un-American'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#97 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#94 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#14 Did Whistleblower Reprisal Help Set the Stage for a January 6 Intelligence Failure?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#48 'We're Gonna Murder You and Then Them'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#51 Sacking the Capital and Honor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#47 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#44 American Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#40 National Guard deployment in DC

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
Date: 11 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#12 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey

F-35 Pierre Sprey vs (ret.) Lt Col David 'Chip' Berke debate
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Pgiq-TlmSo

I also got dragged into some other of Sprey's critiques of F-35 ... and had dustups with F-35 fanboys ... about the time there were articles that found some pro-F35 social media types were being paid to strongly post/reply to all criticism of F-35. One of the scenarios was it started out that F-35 was stealth ... then it went to "low observable" ... then it somewhat ended with a response that I shouldn't be allowed to post such details/analysis (even though they all came from open source). Can't find them at the moment on facebook ... some of my replies archived here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#40 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#51 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#46 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#51 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#58 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most power computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#61 5th generation stealth, thermal, radar signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#76 The F-35 Stealth Fighter Is Politically Unstoppable----Even Under President Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#77 Test Pilot Admits the F-35 Can't Dogfight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#93 F35 Program

John Boyd posts & refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
Date: 11 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#12 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#16 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey

F35 fanboys were also claiming most other could be eliminated, f15, f16, f18, a10s, growlers, etc ... because radar couldn't see the f35. compare to original prototype, there was a lot of cost reduction compromises ... stealth radar signature primarily kept for forward and downward ... f35 originally designed as bomb truck with (air superiority) F22 flying cover. The growler
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_EA-18G_Growler

argument was since radar couldn't see the f35, growler radar jamming wasn't required. don't hear anything more about that ... most recent news is about new growler radar jamming pods for three different frequency ranges, traditional radar frequency, mid-frequency, and low-frequency.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#35 US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
Date: 11 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#49 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#50 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?

Whatever Happened to Six Sigma? As GE began its long, slow decline, so did the popularity of the once dominant management system.
https://getpocket.com/explore/item/whatever-happened-to-six-sigma

previous reply, last time this was posted ... optimizing/perfecting duplicating/repetitive operation ... part of bureaucracy preserving status quo over decades & centuries ... arch-enemy of innovation and adaptation.

Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
https://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-Decline-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I/
pg187/loc3667-70:
When Welch took over GE in 1980, it was the ninth most profitable company in the nation. Now it was first, second, or third. Shareholder value reached $500 billion, more than any other company in America. The stock price was Welch's personal measure of achievement, though he later denied it. The boom of the late 1990s on balance sent the wrong message to American managers: cut costs rather than innovate. Despite its appeal, In Search of Excellence had little true staying power.

pg191/loc3754-60:
In 1977, GE Capital, as it was later called, generated $67 million in revenue with only seven thousand employees, while appliances that year generated $100 million and required 47,000 workers. He hired better managers and supplied GE Credit with a lot of capital, and he had built-in scale--meaning large size--due to GE's assets size and triple-A credit rating. In time, GE Capital became a full-fledged bank, financing all kinds of commercial loans, issuing mortgages and other consumer loans, and becoming a leader in mortgage-backed securities. By the time Welch left in 2000, GE Capital's earnings had grown by some eighty times to well more than $5 billion, while the number of its employees did not even double. It provided half of GE's profits.

pg192/loc3777-79:
In a few brief sentences, Welch had defined a new age for big business. He introduced short-run profit management to GE, understanding that stock market investors trusted little so well as rising profits every calendar quarter. It became the best indication of a company's quality, making it stand out in good times and bad.
.... basically the new corporate mantra was financial engineering ... more financial engineering

pg199/loc3919-25:
Over his tenure, he cut back significantly on research and development--by some 20 percent in the 1990s. In 1993, he told BusinessWeek, "We feel that we can grow within a business, but we are not interested in incubating new businesses." GE Capital itself was built through countless acquisitions. As the CNNMoney writers put it, "Consider first what the company really is. Its strength and curse is that it looks a lot like the economy. Over the decades GE's well-known manufacturing businesses--jet engines, locomotives, appliances, light bulbs--have shrunk as a proportion of the total. Like America, GE has long been mainly in the business of services. The most important and profitable services it offers are financial."

pg200/pg3935-41:
He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.

... GE Capital & its securitized mortgages took down the company ... also

pg199/loc3909-13:
GE Capital also enabled GE to manage its quarterly earnings, engaging in the last couple of weeks of every calendar quarter in various trades that could push earnings up on the last day or two before the quarter's end. It was an open secret on Wall Street that this was how Welch consistently kept quarterly earnings rising for years at a time. "Though earnings management is a no-no among good governance types," wrote two CNNMoney financial editors, "the company has never denied doing it, and GE Capital is the perfect mechanism."
.... snip ...

How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever (gone 404, but lives on at waybackmachine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20171015201012/http://moneyweek.com/how-to-spot-bad-stocks-beware-high-achiever-ceo/
Rarely enforced SEC rules may give green light to earnings manipulation
http://www.marketwatch.com/story/past-enforcement-suggests-proposed-clawback-rules-lack-teeth-2015-09-28

... note "financial engineering", similar to IBM's mantra this century, in the 90s, articles were starting to appear that executives were maximizing their bonuses by redirecting funds from other purposes (planning on being long gone, leaving it to others in the future to deal with the problems created). For instance, stock buybacks use to be illegal because it easily allowed executives to manipulate the market; example turning IBM into financial engineering company (on steroids) Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

... note/disclaimer: in Jan1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess (we failed).

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wealthiest Netted Billions From Trump Tax Cut They Helped Write: Report

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Wealthiest Netted Billions From Trump Tax Cut They Helped Write: Report
Date: 11 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Wealthiest Netted Billions From Trump Tax Cut They Helped Write: Report. ProPublica's new investigation reveals how the pass-through businesses deduction benefited the nation's richest.
https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/08/11/wealthiest-netted-billions-trump-tax-cut-they-helped-write-report
Secret IRS Files Reveal How Much the Ultrawealthy Gained by Shaping Trump's "Big, Beautiful Tax Cut"
https://www.propublica.org/article/secret-irs-files-reveal-how-much-the-ultrawealthy-gained-by-shaping-trumps-big-beautiful-tax-cut
'Like a Kleptocracy': Investigation Details How GOP Lawmakers Cashed In on Trump Tax Cuts
https://www.commondreams.org/news/2020/01/27/kleptocracy-investigation-details-how-gop-lawmakers-cashed-trump-tax-cuts
New Report Details How Trump Tax Scam 'Delivered Big Benefits to the Rich and Corporations But Nearly None for Working Families'
https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/12/17/new-report-details-how-trump-tax-scam-delivered-big-benefits-rich-and-corporations
73 Major Corporations Paid Just 5.3% Federal Tax Rate Between 2018 and 2020: Report. Thirty-nine other companies paid no federal corporate tax during the three-year period, in which they collectively reaped over $120 billion in profits.
https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/07/29/73-major-corporations-paid-just-53-federal-tax-rate-between-2018-and-2020-report

posts mentioning tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax loopholes, tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

specific posts mentioning Trump tax cuts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#97 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#30 The Supreme Court Finally Lets the Light Shine on Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#19 Trickle Down Economics Started it All
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#152 US lost more tax revenue than any other developed country in 2018 due to Trump tax cuts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#122 For the first time in history, U.S. billionaires paid a lower tax rate than the working class last year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#65 The Government is Hard at Work Keeping Tax Preparation Complicated and Expensive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#50 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#86 Trump's tax law threatens charities. The poor will pay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#101 U.S. Cash Repatriation Plunges 50%, Defying Trump's Tax Forecast
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#38 The U.S. Needs to Crack Down on White-Collar Crime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#71 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hospitals Face A Shortage Of Nurses As COVID Cases Soar

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Hospitals Face A Shortage Of Nurses As COVID Cases Soar
Date: 11 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Hospitals Face A Shortage Of Nurses As COVID Cases Soar
https://www.npr.org/2021/08/10/1026577164/hospitals-face-a-shortage-of-nurses-as-covid-cases-soar
Nurses' Pay Made Bad Situation Worse
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/08/more-hospitals-nearing-breaking-point-as-covid-spikes-skrimping-on-nurses-pay-made-bad-situation-worse.html
States are running out of doctors and nurses as COVID-19 surges. More than a dozen states are running low on doctors who work in intensive care units.
https://arstechnica.com/science/2020/07/states-are-running-out-of-doctors-and-nurses-as-covid-19-surges/

... and

US Has Lowest Life Expectancy, Worst Health Care Out Of 11 Richest Nations, Analysis Finds
https://dailycaller.com/2021/08/06/us-healthcare-system-ranked-last-commonwealth-fund/
U.S. Last Among 11 Wealthy Countries For Health Care, Study Says. Despite spending more of its gross domestic product on health care than its peers, the U.S. ranked last in a new study comparing care among 11 wealthy nations.
https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2021-08-09/us-ranks-last-among-11-wealthy-nations-for-health-care-study-says
U.S. health care system ranks last among 11 wealthy countries, report finds
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/us-trails-behind-other-countries-in-health-care-145243663.html
U.S. health-care system ranks last among 11 high-income countries, researchers say
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2021/08/05/global-health-rankings/

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

PE posts specifically mentioning nursing/health/medical/hospital/doctor systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#64 Private Equity Now Buying Up Primary Care Practices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#40 Why do people hate universal health care? It turns out -- they don't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#48 'Our Lives Don't Matter.' India's Female Community Health Workers Say the Government Is Failing to Protect Them From COVID-19
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#44 More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#7 More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#35 book "Glass House"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#21 Private Equity and Surprise Medical Billing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#43 Private Equity: The Perps Behind Destructive Hospital Surprise Billing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#83 Americans Die Younger Despite Spending the Most on Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#89 How Private Equity Is Turning Public Prisons Into Big Profits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#42 Capitalism Gone Wild
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#41 Capitalism Gone Wild
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#1 As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#64 Mystery of the Underpaid American Worker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#35 OT: Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#100 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#69 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#34 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#31 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#29 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#55 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#41 Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#99 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#94 A 40-year "conspiracy" at the VA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#110 The top 50 hospitals that gouge patients the most
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#97 In American Towns, Private Profits From Public Works
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#63 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#53 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#77 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#30 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#42 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#18 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#106 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
Date: 11 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#94 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#97 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all

Biden faces an uncomfortable future after the latest revelations about Trump. 'Given the chronic lying of the Trump administration and the detachment from reality of many Trump supporters, there is a real risk here'
https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/biden-merrick-garland-trump-justice-department-b1900762.html
Trump's post-election corruption
https://www.alternet.org/2021/08/trump-doj-2654637129/
Giuliani admits you can't believe him
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2021/08/11/trump-lawyer-admits-you-cant-believe-him-again/
Former U.S. Attorney Says Trump Wanted to Fire Him For Not Backing Election Fraud Claims
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/11/us/politics/byung-pak-trump-atlanta-election-fraud.html
'The stuff of which violent insurrections are made'
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/colorado-sanctions-trump-lawsuit/2021/08/04/704dec92-f53a-11eb-a49b-d96f2dac0942_story.html
'A one-man scam Pac': Trump's money hustling tricks prompt fresh scrutiny
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/aug/02/donald-trump-fundraising-schemes-campaign-finance-scrutiny-criticism
Oops: The Trump Organization Kept Literal Spreadsheets of Its Crimes
https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2021/07/allen-weisselberg-trump-organization-spreadsheets
Dominion lawsuit against Sidney Powell, Rudy Giuliani and Mike Lindell can go forward after judge rejects arguments
https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2021/08/11/dominion-powell-giuliani-lindell-lawsuits/
Giuliani to Justice Dept. agents probing 'big surprise': It's okay to 'throw a fake'
https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/giuliani-fbi-surprise-fake/2021/08/11/754e9b4c-fabc-11eb-9c0e-97e29906a970_story.html

other trump posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#10 Analysis: Why Refusing the COVID-19 Vaccine isn't Just Immoral - it's 'un-American'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#59 Report: Prosecutors Have Obtained Damning Information Allegedly Implicating Trump in His Company's Crimes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#82 Giuliani's Law License Is Suspended Over Trump Election Lies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#1 'Madman ... racist, sexist pig': new book details Obama's real thoughts on Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#43 Just 15% of Americans say they like the way that Donald Trump conducts himself as president
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#30 The Supreme Court Finally Lets the Light Shine on Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#44 American Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#24 Trump Tells Georgia Official to Steal Election in Recorded Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#150 How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#78 Retired Marine Gen. John Allen: 'There is blood on Trump's hands for abandoning our Kurdish allies'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#74 Eric Holder is the Official Missing from Discussions of the Bidens' Ukrainian Efforts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#72 CIA's top lawyer made 'criminal referral' on complaint about Trump Ukraine call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#42 Bill Black: Trump Sees Europe as a "Foe" Because of Key Misinformed Advisor

9Jul2020, President Trump has made more than 20,000 false or misleading claims. It took President Trump 827 days to top 10,000 false and misleading claims in The Fact Checker's database, an average of 12 claims a day. But on July 9, just 440 days later, the president crossed the 20,000 mark -- an average of 23 claims a day over a 14-month period
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2020/07/13/president-trump-has-made-more-than-20000-false-or-misleading-claims/
5May2020, Trump Is Lying More Than Ever: Just Look At The Data
https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidmarkowitz/2020/05/05/trump-is-lying-more-than-ever-just-look-at-the-data/
20Jan2020, President Trump made 16,241 false or misleading claims in his first three years
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2020/01/20/president-trump-made-16241-false-or-misleading-claims-his-first-three-years/

other insurrection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#0 Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#68 Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#14 Did Whistleblower Reprisal Help Set the Stage for a January 6 Intelligence Failure?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#48 'We're Gonna Murder You and Then Them'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#51 Sacking the Capital and Honor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#47 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#40 National Guard deployment in DC

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Neoliberalism: America Has Arrived at One of History's Great Crossroads

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Neoliberalism: America Has Arrived at One of History's Great Crossroads
Date: 12 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Neoliberalism: America Has Arrived at One of History's Great Crossroads
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/12/neoliberalism-america-has-arrived-at-one-of-historys-great-crossroads/
Milton Friedman began selling neoliberalism to America in the 1950s, and we fully bought into it in the 1980s. Most Americans had no idea, really, what this new political/economic ideology meant; they just knew it involved free trade, economic austerity/tax cuts and deregulation/privatization.
... snip ...

The Murder of the U.S. Middle Class Began 40 Years Ago This Week. Reagan's firing of striking air traffic controllers was the first huge offensive in corporate America's war on everyone else.
https://theintercept.com/2021/08/06/middle-class-reagan-patco-strike/
The Limping Middle Class
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html
The Destruction of Middle Class
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

some of receent posts mentioning middle class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#100 The Murder of the U.S. Middle Class Began 40 Years Ago This Week
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#63 Rising Rents Threaten to Prop Up Inflation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#18 Trickle Down Economics Started it All
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#15 The Other 1 Percent": Morgan Stanley Spots A Market Ratio That Is "Unprecedented Even During The Tech Bubble"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#2 Office jobs eroding

some recent posts mentioning Milton Friedman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#17 Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#21 ESG Drives a Stake Through Friedman's Legacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#15 The Other 1 Percent": Morgan Stanley Spots A Market Ratio That Is "Unprecedented Even During The Tech Bubble"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#149 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#64 Capitalism as we know it is dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#34 The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#32 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#117 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#107 Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of workers, researchers say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#115 Economists Should Stop Defending Milton Friedman's Pseudo-science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#87 Where Is Everyone???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
Date: 12 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server. It happened 30 years ago on a NeXTStation: Tim Berners-Lee turned on a World Wide Web server -- and the internet would never be the same again.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/now-the-web-is-30-years-old/

trivia: SLAC VM370 system 1st webserver in the US (sept1991, month later)
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

co-worker at the cambridge science center was responsible for the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from nearly the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) ... technology was also used for the corporate sponsored univ network BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
In 1977, we both transfer to IBM San Jose research .. "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
also Edson (passes Aug2020)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
"It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET (&/or EARN) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

some of the CTSS/7094 people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
went to Project MAC on the 5th flr to do MULTICS. Others went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, internal network, monitoring, modeling, performance work, interactive applications, CTSS RUNOFF was redone on CMS as SCRIPT, etc.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TYPSET_and_RUNOFF
In 1969, GML was invented at the science center and GML tag processing added to SCRIPT. A decade later, GML morphs into ISO standard SGML, after another decade, SGML morphs into HTML at CERN.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML, SGML, HTML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

Starting in early 80s, one of my projects was HSDT, T1 & faster computer links and working with the director of NSF. We were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers, but then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). IBM internal politics prevent us from bidding, NSF director tries to help by writing IBM a letter (with support from other agencies), copying the IBM CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.
... snip ....

as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet (and the access to large supercomputer datacenters also has morphed into access to large cloud megadatacenters)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
Date: 12 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#23 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

.... Ed gave paper on scalable interconnect networking at EU conference in mid-70s that Vint Cerf was at.

trivia: after leaving IBM, RFC editor Postel use to let me help with the periodically rereleased STD1 ... also sponsored my talk at ISI & USC on "Why Internet Wasn't Business Critical Dataprocessing" (based on compensating procedures I had to do for connecting webservers doing financial transactions through the internet to financial industry payment networks).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Postel

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
Date: 12 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#23 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#24 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

folklore is that when his father was in congress, he was instrumental in getting funding bill passed for interstate highway ... His son then was instrumental in getting funding for NII passed (online/information super highway).

NII
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Information_Infrastructure
The National Information Infrastructure (NII) was the product of the High Performance Computing Act of 1991. It was a telecommunications policy buzzword, which was popularized during the Clinton Administration under the leadership of Vice-President Al Gore.[1]
... snip ...

some old refs on morph from NSFNET to commercial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#73 When the Internet went private

also refs High-Performance Computing Act, 20nov91-9dec91
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#74 When the Internet went private
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#75 When the Internet went private
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#76 When the Internet went private
The High-Performance Computing and High Speed Networking Applications Act of 1993, sponsored by Rep. Richard Bouche, expands the Gore bill to also include access to health care facilities and and schools at all levels.
... snip ...

some more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#77 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#78 When the Internet went private
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#79 When the Internet went private
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#80 When the Internet went private

old email ... possible hours before (HA/CMP) cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer, and we are told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processor (we leave IBM a few months later)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email920129

I was double booked and couldn't make the NII meeting at LLNL ... so one of the vendors stood in for me, and then came by the office to fill me in on the details (also some of the other players wanted other meetings with me).

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
Internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
Date: 12 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#49 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#50 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#18 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?

I frequently reference when telling John Boyd stories: How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers
To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.

... snip ...

some amount of agile references Boyd's OODA-loop ... example

OODA-Loop Offers a Solid Framework for Agile, Fast-Moving Companies
https://www.bluwave.net/OODA-loop-offers-solid-framework-agile-fast-moving-companies/

I was introduced to Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patterns_of_Conflict
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
1997 tribute to John
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
for those w/o subscription
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

also "Fingerspitzengefuhl"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fingerspitzengef%C3%BChl
and Coup d'oeil
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coup_d%27%C5%93il
and EFBAS
https://slightlyeastofnew.com/2014/12/23/another-candidate-for-ebfas/

... trivia: Commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd in 89/90 for a Corps make-over (at a time when IBM was desperately in need of make-over)

boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

other past posts mentioning six sigma
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#33 Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#13 ISO9000, Six Sigma
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#7 ISO9000, Six Sigma
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#10 Xerox company sold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#3 Xerox company sold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#2 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#19 In Praise of Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#9 Six Sigma
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#47 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)

otherr posts mentioning Toyota TPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#12 Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Loathed Lean?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#30 Coup D'Oeil: Strategic Intuition in Army Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#20 The Book of Five Rings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#55 Bureaucracy and Agile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#5 One Giant Step for a Chess-Playing Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#65 Why General Motors Is Cutting Over 14,000 Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#60 Excess Management Is Costing the U.S. $3 Trillion Per Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#50 OT: Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#25 Why You Should Trust Your Gut, According to the University of Cambridge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#82 Quality Efforts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#44 Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#8 How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#24 The Ultimate Guide to the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#32 progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#2 Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#8 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#100 Why CEO pay structures harm companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#93 The U.S. Military Believes People Have a Sixth Sense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#59 Deconstructing the "Warrior Caste:" The Beliefs and Backgrounds of Senior Military Elites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#54 Boyd's OODA-loop

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
Date: 12 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#49 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#50 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#18 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#26 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?

1970s, congress passed import quotas on foreign cars, reducing foreign competition and giving US makers enormous profits that they were supposed to use to completely remake themselves. Japanese makers determine that with the quota limits, they can sell that many high priced cars ... switching their product line from low-end to upscale ... import quotas and the foreign move to upscale market significantly reduced price competition further allowing US price increases (and enormous more profits). From the law of unintended consequences, the pricing met moving from 36m loans to 60m & 72m loans ... but financial institutions were resistant because quality of US cars wouldn't last the loan lifetime. However, US makers, rather than remaking themselves, they just pocketing the profits and continued business as usual ... in the first half of the 80s, there was call for 100% unearned profit tax on US makers ... since the profits came as result of the congressional import quotas and weren't being used for the "intended" purpose.

1990, there was an US auto industry "C4" task force to look at (finally?) complete make-over and because they were planning on making extensive use of IT technology, they asked IT companies to send representatives to the task force ... I was one of the members from IBM (representing the AWD/workstation/rs6000 side of the company). One of the issues was that US was taking 7-8yrs elapsed time to role out a new car model (typically with two efforts running in parallel, offset by 3-4yrs so it looked like something more often ... with cosmetic changes in intervening yrs). Foreign makers had cut that elapsed time in half during the 80s (to 3-4yrs) and were in the process of cutting it in half again (18m-24m) ... allowing them to respond to technology changes and customer preferences much more quickly. One example used was tight space tolerances in Corvette ... where supplier parts changed over 7-8yr interval, resulting in parts no longer fitting in original design ... with expensive redesign and delay. Offline, I would chide mainframe brethren about what could they figure to contribute since they suffered some of the same problems. As later seen with the bailouts nearly two decades later, US still continued business as usual (even though it was clear everything that needed to be done).

C4 taskforce posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

trivia: I've mentioned several times having HSDT project doing T1 and faster computer links ... HSDT was also having custom designed communication hardware built on the other side of Pacific and would periodically go over to check on things. The companies also liked to show off some of the advance technology stuff they were doing in conjunction with their auto industry.

The friday before one such visit, Raleigh sent out announcement for a new online computer communication discussion group with the following definitions: low-speed 9.6kbits/sec, medium speed 19.2kbitts/sec, high-speed 56kbits/sec, and very high-speed 1.5mbits/sec. On monday morning on wall of conference room on the other side of pacific, there were these definitions: low-speed <20mbits/sec, medium speed 100mbits/sec, high-speed 200mbits-300mbits/sec, very high-speed >600mbits/sec

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Massive infrastructure spending has a dark side. Yes, there is such a thing as dumb growth

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Massive infrastructure spending has a dark side. Yes, there is such a thing as dumb growth.
Date: 13 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Massive infrastructure spending has a dark side. Yes, there is such a thing as dumb growth.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90665035/massive-infrastructure-spending-has-a-dark-side
They built canals to move freight in the 1830s and 1840s. Governments subsidized railroads in the mid and late 19th century. They created local sewage and water systems in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and then dams and irrigation systems through much of the 20th century. During World War II, massive amounts of public money were spent building and expanding ports, factories, airfields, and shipyards. And after the war, highway construction--long a state and local project-- became a federal endeavor.
.... snip ...

Railroaded ... transcontinental railroad was massive scam
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pg77/pg1984-86:
By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.

pg510/loc10030-33:
The result was not only unneeded railroads whose effects were as often bad as beneficial but also corruption of the markets and the government. The men who directed this capital were frequently not themselves capitalists. They were entrepreneurs who borrowed money or collected subsidies. These entrepreneurs did not invent the railroad, but they were inventing corporations, railroad systems, and new forms of competition. Those things yielded both personal wealth and social disasters

pg515/loc10118-22:
The need to invest capital and labor in large amounts to maintain and upgrade what had already been built was one debt owed to the past, but the second one was what Charles Francis Adams in his days as a reformer referred to as a tax on trade. All of the watered stock, money siphoned off into private pockets, waste, and fraud that characterized the building of the railroads created a corporate debt that had to be paid through higher rates and scrimping on service. A shipper in 1885 was still paying for the frauds of the 1860s.
... snip ...

wasn't just fraud by the those running the railroad scam

In the 1880s, Supreme Court were scammed (by the railroads) to give corporations "person rights" under the 14th amendment.
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiii/loc45-50:
IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business corporations too.
... snip ...

... testimony falsely claiming authors of 14th amendment intended to include corporations
pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.

pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
... snip ...

and corporations used to be for organizations that did things in the public interest. Almost from the start there has been efforts to allow corporations to operate in self-interest and then to give corporations "rights" (as people). "False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose"
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

past posts mentioning railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#70 The Rise and Fall of an American Tech Giant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#27 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#36 How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#71 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#144 PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#44 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More than a Decade After the Volcker Rule Purported to Outlaw It, JPMorgan Chase Still Owns a Hedge Fund

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: More than a Decade After the Volcker Rule Purported to Outlaw It, JPMorgan Chase Still Owns a Hedge Fund
Date: 13 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
More than a Decade After the Volcker Rule Purported to Outlaw It, JPMorgan Chase Still Owns a Hedge Fund
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/13/more-than-a-decade-after-the-volcker-rule-purported-to-outlaw-it-jpmorgan-chase-still-owns-a-hedge-fund/
But here we are, 11 years later, with every one of those corrupt practices in full display at the Wall Street mega banks today. Losses from wild derivative bets check. Trading for the house(proprietary trading), check. Secret bailouts from the Fed, check. Credit Default swaps, check. The continuance of the private justice system on Wall Street, check. Banks paying rating agencies for ratings, check. Banks giving insanely leveraged loans to hedge funds, check.
... snip ....

Why Dodd-Frank Is a Protection Racket for Banks
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/09/dodd-frank-protection-racket-banks.html
How Wall Street Killed Financial Reform; It's bad enough that the banks strangled the Dodd-Frank law. Even worse is the way they did it - with a big assist from Congress and the White House
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/how-wall-street-killed-financial-reform-20120510

For Dodd-Frank, industry lobbyists were providing drafts to be included in Dodd-Frank, some basic principles were to make it massive and complex, creating impossible task for regulatory bodies to turn into regulations. However other lobbyist drafts were submitted for Dodd-Frank, leaked, and then industry would have press releases how ridiculous the draft provisions were (part of "false flag" program discrediting the process)

Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street (gone 404, but lives on at waybank machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20180317171543/http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
Banks' Lobbyists Help in Drafting Financial Bills
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/
President Obama's Wall Street problem
https://www.politico.com/story/2012/05/obamas-wall-street-problem-076259

"Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.
... snip ...

also has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

EHM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail ("too big to prosecute" "too big to jail")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

some recent posts mentioning Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#34 Obama Was Always in Wall Street's Corner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#142 Trump is deconstructing the government, one agency at a time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#85 Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#37 You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#10 Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#35 How Two House Democrats Defended Helping the GOP Weaken Dodd-Frank Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#26 House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#25 Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#0 Congress Is About to Do a Big Favor for Private Equity Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#60 Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#64 Wages and Productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#58 Wall Street Wants to Kill the Agency Protecting Americans From Financial Scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#54 Testing Progressives, Centrist Dems Team Up with GOP to Deregulate Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#72 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#108 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#101 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#108 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#106 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#85 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#87 Dodd-Frank Was Designed to Fail - and Trump Will Make it Worse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#48 Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#13 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
Date: 12 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#23 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#24 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#25 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

the communication group fought hard battle to prevent mainframe tcp/ip from being announced ... when they lost, they changed their tactic, since they hd strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls, it had to be done through them. What was released got 44kbytes/sec aggregate using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the rfc1044 support and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, got sustained 4341 channel speed throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed)

rfc1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

The communication group was also spreading enormous amount of SNA misinformation internally (even in presentations to the corporate executive committee) ... claiming SNA could be used for NSFNET and that the internal network had to be converted to SNA (or it would stop working). Somebody collected a lot of the communication group NSFNET SNA fabrication email and forwarded it to us ... previously posted ... heavily clipped and redacted to protect the guilty:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109
other SNA/VTAM misinformation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

the wonders of SABRE, was Magnetic Drum reservations 1952

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: the wonders of SABRE, was Magnetic Drum reservations 1952
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 09:49:38 -1000
undefined Hancock-4 <hancock4@bbs.cpcn.com> writes:
Interestingly, one of the 'non standard' peripherals we attached was a Burroughs microfiche printer. On 360-OS, it was very easy, just changed one parameter on the JCL. OS had device independence, so program changes and recompilations were not necessary to change devices. Major advantage.

However, on 360-DOS, it was necessary to recompile the program since the device was specified in the program code.

As an aside, those microfiche printers were slick machines. Produced very high quality cards. Automatically produced the appropriate visible index at the top or with minimal setup. Saved a huge volume of paper, big savings in storage space and the visible index was faster to locate data.


home office 1977/1978, cdi miniterm, ibm tieline, and compact microfiche viewer. plant site had microfiche printer and could get 24hr turn around ... had couple hundred microfiche at home, source listings, documentation, etc.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/miniterm.jpg

home miniterm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Graphical Workstation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Graphical Workstation
Date: 13 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Facebook post where I have long-winded comments started with CATIA at Boeing.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia

note that AWD had done their own cards for PC/RT (had PC/AT 16bit bus), but for RS/6000 with (32bit) microchannel was told they had to use cards & devices from other parts of business (there were PC/RT cards that had higher throughput than the microchannel cards that AWD was forced to use for RS6000). There was joke that if Rs6000 was forced to use all the kneecaped cards, for most things, it wouldn't have any better throughput than PS2/486. This carried over also to forced to use 5081. There is folklore that head of AWD left IBM after telling IBM executive SVP over what he thought of the policy and the 5081. Supposedly as a work around AWD came out with RS6000/730 with VMEbus ... so it could have a better graphical workstation. however, that wasn't the only issue

801/risc, iliad, romp, pc/rt, rios, rs/6000, power, power/pc, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Date: 07 Aug 89 15:25:34
From: lynn
To/CC: <redacted>
Subject: RIOS Graphics Machine& Connectivity

As you can see a graphics workstation, or a high-performance technical workstation ... or almost any sort of workstation isn't going to be succesful without industry standard interoperability and bandwidth. Standalone workstations don't cut it for the market anymore. Producing a 1985 workstation with faster processor and display screen isn't the dimensions that the product set has expanded into.

I was afraid two years ago when I started doing some of the system analysis (system in terms of all the components that a customer would have installed to do work) that we could get into finger pointer between hardware and software. While the hardware in several areas isn't great, they can always turn around and say that fixing the hardware problems won't improve the situation much because the software is in so much worse shape.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

other past posts mention CADAM & Catia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#110 ROMP & Displaywriter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#53 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#47 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#28 MCTS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#56 Why not an IBM zSeries workstation?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM/PC 12Aug1981

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM/PC 12Aug1981
Date: 13 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
IBM/PC 12Aug1981
https://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/personal-computers/17/301
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/ibm100/us/en/icons/personalcomputer/

Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars
and has graph of personal computer sales 1975-1980
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/3
and graph from 1980 to 1984 ... with the only serious competitor to PC in number of sales was commodore 64
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/4
and then from 1984 to 1987 the ibm pc (and clones) starting to completely swamp
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/5

I bought one on employee plan when it was 1st announced .... by the time it was delivered, the street price had dropped to less than what I paid in the employee plan (I could have gotten one sooner and for less money if I had skipped the employee plan).

long ago and far away, home office, IBM/PC with extra memory board and software using some of extra memory for electronic disk, mouse, two external floppy disks, cover over two internal disks designed to cut noise, ibm tieline, printer, two monitors, internal 2400 baud IBM encrypting modem

the IBM encrypting modem would act as hayes compatible ... but internal "home terminal" program would require encrypting mode. with an (3270 terminal simulation) application "pcterm" running in the PC ... where pcterm kept large buffer of what had been on the screen. For pcterm, PVM kept state of the buffers at the PC ... transmission was huffman encoded ... but compression could also be pointers into stuff that was already in the pcterm buffer. PVM used the software 3270 simulation interface on the host.

... well before IBM/PC & HLLAPI, there was PARASITE/STORY (done by VMSG author, very early prototype VMSG was used by PROFS group for email client, PARASITE/STORY was coding marvel) ... creating simulated 3270s on the same mainframe or via PVM, creating simulated 3270s elsewhere on the internal network. Description of parasite/story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#35
STORY example to log onto RETAIN and automagically retrieve PUT Bucket
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#36

some past pcterm posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#101 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#60 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#25 another question about TSO edit command
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#11 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#71 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#49 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#6 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#51 Baudot code direct to computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#74 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#66 The use of "script" for program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#0 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#44 Mainframe Emulation Solutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#7 3270 terminal keyboard??

Home IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/homepc.jpg

home IBM/PC

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
Date: 13 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#23 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#24 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#25 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#30 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

Internally, I started shadowing all the RFCs from SRI on mainframe .... and then Postel moved to ISI and shadowed them from there. I still maintain copy of RFCs shadowed from ISI ... but only make my RFC index available publicly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/rfcietff.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM/PC 12Aug1981

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM/PC 12Aug1981
Date: 14 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#33 IBM/PC 12Aug1981

My first IBM "personal computer" started with 64kbyte 360/30. Within a year of taking two semester hr intro to fortran/computers, univ. hired me fulltime responsible for mainframe systems. The univ. shutdown the datacenter from 8am sat until 8am mon and I had the place dedicated for 48hrs straight ... although 48hrs w/o sleep could make a monday morning class difficult. The 360/30 was quickly replaced with 360/67 (which became my weekend "personal computer")... originally intended for tss/360 .... which never came to production fruition, so ran as 360/65 with os/360.

Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services, consolidate all dataprocessing into an Independent Business Unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities. I thought Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world, something like $200m-$300m in IBM mainframes, 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around the machine room.

CFO office just had 360/30 for Boeing payroll and there were all sort of wars with director of Renton datacenter about taking it over and moving it to IBU. They did expand the CFO's 360/30 machine room and added a 1mbyte 360/67 for me to play with ... however, when I graduate, I leave Boeing and join the IBM Cambridge Science Center (hoping to have even more computers to play with, one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters). science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Later in the 80s, I'm introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. One of his stories was about being very vocal that the electronics across the trail wouldn't work ... so (possibly as punishment) they put him in command of "spook base" (about the same time I'm at Boeing). Boyd biography claims "spook base" was $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (ten times Renton). "Spook Base" ref, gone 404, but still lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Boyd posts & refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
Date: 14 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#23 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#24 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#25 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#30 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#34 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

... other trivia: IBM San Jose Research had first gateway into CSNET ... just before the great cutover over from ARPANET & IMPs to Internetworking protocol on 1jan1983 ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#email821022
more on the cutover
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#email821230
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#email830202

The later NSFNET (originally as supercomputer access network) was federal gov. funding and the issue was raised about using it for commercial purposes ... and so came the AUP (aka non-commercial use only). However, folklore is that the RFP funding only covered less than quarter of resources ... the rest "donated" by commercial interest that were in chicken&egg situation. To encourage use of the faster technology, they needed newer higher-bandwidth applications which required needing to significantly drop usage rates ... but that would mean that they would have to operate at a loss for several years (while new applications that used the faster technology were created). What effectively happened is institutions contributed resources to the NSFNET backbone that were greater than four times the winning RFP bid ... and got stipulation that could only be used for non-commercial activity (lots of AUPs, acceptable use policies) ... encouraging the growth of the new generation of high-bandwidth applications ... theoretically w/o damaging their commercial revenue (rate/use structure to cover their fixed run rate).

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

some past posts mentioning AUPs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#79 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#3 We need to talk about TED
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#18 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#52 Arthur C. Clarke Predicts the Internet, 1974
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#89 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#88 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#78 The culture of the pre-commercial Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#78 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#33 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#25 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#56 Grilled Turkey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#45 Arpa address
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#80 Al Gore and the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#29 Vint Cerf and Robert Kahn and their political opinions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#59 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
Date: 15 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#23 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#24 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#25 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#30 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#34 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#36 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

another ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#23 10 choices that were critical to the Net's success
... a couple pieces from a silicon valley news article from 8Sep2002
6) CSNET, an early network used by universities, connects with the ARPANET, the Internet precursor network operated by the Pentagon's Advanced Research Projects Agency. ARPA funded much of the early technical work on what later became the Net. ARPANET use had been restricted solely to government-funded individuals. The connection was for e-mail only, but it led to much more university research on networks and a more general understanding among students, faculty and staff of the value of internetworking. When students graduated, they sought employers that had the technology.

7) The NSF requires users of the NSFNET to use TCP/IP, not competing protocols. This decision about the NSFNET, which was originally created to connect supercomputer centers, forced wider availability of the TCP/IP protocol, and helped prevent a wasteful ''proliferation of miscellaneous transport protocols for the Internet,'' Bradner says.

... snip ...

late '84 (after 1jan1983 conversion from host/imps to internetworking), bitnet 435, arpanet 1155, csnet 104, VNET (aka IBM) 1650, EasyNET 4200, UUCP 6000, USENET 1160 (excluding UUCP)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#26

at the 1jan1983 cutover to internetworking ... ARPANET/internet had approx 255 host and 100 IMP network nodes when the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes ... 4-5 yrs later IBM communication group was internally spreading lots of misinformation as part of justifying conversion of internal network to SNA/VTAM.

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

$10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: $10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000
Date: 16 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
$10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000. Was the Afghanistan War a failure? Not for the top five defense contractors and their shareholders.
https://theintercept.com/2021/08/16/afghanistan-war-defense-stocks/

What America Didn't Understand About Its Longest War. That the war went on so long may be tragic, but it is hardly surprising.
https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2021/07/06/afghanistan-war-malkasian-book-excerpt-497843
Why did we lose? I've been trying to answer that question for 12 years, starting in 2009 when I was a civilian officer in the far-off district of Garmser in Helmand Province. I continued to ponder the question in 2013 and 2014, when I served as political adviser to Gen. Joseph Dunford, commander of all U.S. forces in Afghanistan, and later as Dunford's senior adviser when he was chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. As I traveled the country with senior U.S. military commanders, I saw that in battle after battle, numerically superior and better-supplied soldiers and police were being defeated by poorly resourced and unexceptionally led Taliban -- a dynamic certain to eventually doom the Afghan government unless the United States were to stay indefinitely.
... snip ...

The Daily 202: Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2021/06/15/daily-202-biden-takes-steps-rein-forever-wars-afghanistan-iraq/

Boyd quote
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"
... snip ...

A People's Guide to the War Industry
https://consortiumnews.com/2021/05/24/a-peoples-guide-to-the-war-industry/
A People's Guide to the War Industry -2: Profits & Deception. Christian Sorensen maps out the global system of weapons mongering. Second in a series of five articles on the U.S. military-industrial-congressional complex.
https://consortiumnews.com/2021/05/26/a-peoples-guide-to-the-war-industry-2-profits-deception/
A People's Guide to the War Industry -3: Bribery & Propaganda. When war is your business, peace is your enemy, writes Christian Sorensen. Third in a five-part series on the military-industrial-congressional complex.
https://consortiumnews.com/2021/05/28/a-peoples-guide-to-the-war-industry-3-bribery-propaganda/
A People's Guide to the War Industry -4: The New BOSS
https://consortiumnews.com/2021/05/31/a-peoples-guide-to-the-war-industry-4-the-new-boss/
A People's Guide to the War Industry -5: Portfolio of Conflicts
https://consortiumnews.com/2021/06/02/a-peoples-guide-to-the-war-industry-5-portfolio-of-conflicts/

... very much Smedley Butler's "War Is A Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
... and "perpetual war" is preferred over actually winning.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
"perpetual war" is preferred over actually winning.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
Boyd posts & web refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

The True Cost of 9/11 -- Includes 18 Veteran Suicides a Day
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2011/09/joseph-stiglitz-the-true-cost-of-911-include-18-veteran-suicides-a-day/
Stiglitz's "Three Trillion Dollar War" references that if public company was run like DOD, it would be brought up on SEC charges.
https://www.amazon.com/Three-Trillion-Dollar-War-ebook/dp/B0041OTAY8
Report: Nearly $5 Trillion Spent on Iraq and Afghanistan Wars So Far
http://www.military.com/daily-news/2016/09/13/report-nearly-5-trillion-spent-on-iraq-afghanistan-wars-so-far.html
Iraq and Afghanistan: The U.S. $6T Bill for America's Longest War Is Unpaid
http://www.realcleardefense.com/articles/2017/05/26/iraq_and_afghanistan_the_us6_trillion_bill_is_unpaid_111462.html
U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
https://www.newsweek.com/us-spent-six-trillion-wars-killed-half-million-1215588
Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
https://www.stripes.com/news/us/post-9-11-wars-have-cost-american-taxpayers-6-4-trillion-study-finds-1.607157
American taxpayers have spent some $6.4 trillion in nearly two decades of post-9/11 wars, which have killed some 800,000 people worldwide, the Cost of Wars Project announced Wednesday.
.... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Republicans delete webpage celebrating Trump's deal with Taliban

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Republicans delete webpage celebrating Trump's deal with Taliban
Date: 16 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Republicans delete webpage celebrating Trump's deal with Taliban
https://news.yahoo.com/republican-national-committee-deletes-page-143701165.html
A web page on the site of the Republican National Committee detailing former President Donald Trump's work on issues related to terrorism and the Middle East disappeared over the weekend as Taliban militants took control of Kabul and toppled Afghanistan's government.
... snip ...

Republicans delete webpage celebrating Trump's deal with Taliban. Page touting former president's 'historic peace agreement' disappeared over the weekend
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/rnc-trump-kabul-taliban-deal-b1903364.html
The RNC deleted a webpage hailing Trump's Taliban deal as fighters swept Afghanistan, but says it was part of routine web maintenance
https://news.yahoo.com/gop-quietly-removed-webpage-hailing-111358281.html
RNC post on Trump peace deal with Taliban among pre-2021 items offline during site maintenance
https://thehill.com/policy/defense/568008-rnc-post-trump-peace-deal-taliban-pre-2021-items-offline-during-site-maintenance
The RNC deleted a webpage hailing Trump's Taliban deal as fighters swept Afghanistan, but says it was part of routine web maintenance
https://www.businessinsider.com/gop-removes-page-hailing-trump-taliban-deal-2021-8
GOP Removes Page Praising Donald Trump's 'Historic' Peace Deal With Taliban
https://www.newsweek.com/gop-removes-webpage-praising-trumps-historic-peace-deal-taliban-1619605
What the elusive RNC statement on Afghanistan actually said
https://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/what-elusive-rnc-statement-afghanistan-actually-said-n1276904

disappeared over the weekend but still at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20210615230810/https://gop.com/president-trump-is-bringing-peace-to-the-middle-east-rsr/

other posts this year mentioning trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#21 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#19 Wealthiest Netted Billions From Trump Tax Cut They Helped Write: Report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#18 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#15 Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#10 Analysis: Why Refusing the COVID-19 Vaccine isn't Just Immoral - it's 'un-American'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#0 Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#98 Heatwave causes massive melt of Greenland ice sheet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#97 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#94 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#83 Trump Pressured DOJ to Declare Election Corrupt and 'Leave the Rest to Me'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#78 Fox Hosts Hit Peak Bizarro World: Tucker Lies, Says Fauci 'Created' Covid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#77 CIA Drove Spike in Media Leak Investigation Requests Under Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#68 Four Officers Rip Into Trump, Give Moving Testimony About January 6 Riot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#59 Report: Prosecutors Have Obtained Damning Information Allegedly Implicating Trump in His Company's Crimes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#20 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#11 Miami Building Collapse Could Profoundly Change Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#82 Giuliani's Law License Is Suspended Over Trump Election Lies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#57 "Hollywood modeel" for dealing with engineers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#55 3380 disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#48 'We're Gonna Murder You and Then Them'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#39 'Bipartisanship' Is Dead in Washington
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#24 IBM Remains Big Tech's Disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#6 Financial Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#5 What My Mobster Grandfather Understood About American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#4 Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#1 'Madman ... racist, sexist pig': new book details Obama's real thoughts on Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#95 Larry Summers, the Man Who Won't Shut Up, No Matter How Wrong He's Been
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#77 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#7 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#65 Apple, Amazon and Google slam 'discriminatory' voting restriction laws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#54 America's biggest corporations paid no federal income taxes last year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#31 Does HBO's QAnon Documentary Reveal Who Q Is?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#27 The Antiscience Movement Is Escalating, Going Global and Killing Thousands
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#4 The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#94 How Ike Led
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#93 How 'Owning the Libs' Became the GOP's Core Belief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#81 Russia, not China, tried to influence 2020 election, says US intel community
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#79 Racism's Loud Echoes in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#43 Just 15% of Americans say they like the way that Donald Trump conducts himself as president
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#30 The Supreme Court Finally Lets the Light Shine on Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#27 US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#24 US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#23 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#95 Capital in the Twenty-First Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#71 Let's Be Honest About What Trump Wanted on January 6
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#7 IBM & Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#51 Sacking the Capital and Honor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#44 American Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#40 National Guard deployment in DC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#35 Washington DC Rioting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#30 Trump and Republican Party Racism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#29 How the Republican Party Went Feral. Democracy is now threatened by malevolent tribalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#28 We must stop calling Trump's enablers 'conservative.' They are the radical right
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#27 We must stop calling Trump's enablers 'conservative.' They are the radical right
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#24 Trump Tells Georgia Official to Steal Election in Recorded Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#20 Trickle Down Economics Started it All
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#19 Trickle Down Economics Started it All

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The lost history of the electric car - and what it tells us about the future of transport

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The lost history of the electric car - and what it tells us about the future of transport
Date: 17 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#86 The lost history of the electric car - and what it tells us about the future of transport

The Golden Age of the Electric Vehicle (The first one.)
https://slate.com/technology/2021/08/tom-standage-brief-history-of-motion-electric-cars.html

other past posts mentioning electric card, french steel, vanadium
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#91 This is Ford's first electric pickup truck, the F-150 Lightning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#14 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#73 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#19 OT for sidd about physics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#102 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#69 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#7 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Acronyms

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Acronyms
Date: 18 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
IBM Jargon has few acronyms ... copy available online here
http://www.comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf

80s, unix workstation, using emacs for email client (and other things) ... had optional feature that would add signature line to outgoing email ... randomly selected entry from file with lines from "Zippy the pinhead" comics. Early 80s, we had modified the (mainframe) 6670 printer driver ... had colored paper in the alternate paper drawer used to print output "separator" page ... was mostly blank so would print a random selection from group of files to fill up the page; one of the files was IBM Jargon ... other files from a number of sources. I converted all those 6670 files to "yow" format and modified "yow" processing to select from the original "Zippy the pinhead" or one of the 6670 files. Sill have those files.

Early 80s, corporate security was doing audit of san jose research (before move up the hill to almaden) and we were having argument about their insistence that all games had to be removed from the system. At the time, most IBM 3270 logon screens carried "For IBM Business Purposes Only" ... ours carried "For IBM Management Approved Use" (which included these "demo" programs). Corporate security was also doing after hours sweeps looking for classified material left unsecured ... and/or on 6670 printers. They managed to find one 6670 output that had (on the separator page)
[Business Maxims:] Signs, real and imagined, which belong on the walls of the nation's offices: 1) Never Try to Teach a Pig to Sing; It Wastes Your Time and It Annoys the Pig. 2) Sometimes the Crowd IS Right. 3) Auditors Are the People Who Go in After the War Is Lost and Bayonet the Wounded. 4) To Err Is Human -- To Forgive Is Not Company Policy.

and complained to management that we placed it out on purpose to ridicule them

past posts mentioning "Auditors Are the People"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#85 IBM Auditors and Games
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#103 1956 -- circuit reliability book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#67 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#57 Displaywriter, Unix manuals added to Bitsavers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#6 Some fun with IBM acronyms and jargon (was Re: Auditors Don't Know Squat!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#95 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#26 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#45 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#21 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#62 Mixing Auth and Non-Auth Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#89 Make the mainframe work environment fun and intuitive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#49 GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#1 Does this count as 'computer' folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#71 Password Rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#69 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#68 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#37 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#36 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#51 1403 printers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#61 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#61 arrogance metrics (Benoits) was: general networking

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Afghanistan Down the Drain

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Afghanistan Down the Drain
Date: 18 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Bunker: Afghanistan Down the Drain
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/08/the-bunker-afghanistan-down-the-drain/
The Key Reason the U.S. Lost in Afghanistan
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/05/the-key-reason-the-u-s-lost-in-afghanistan/

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

and

Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
https://www.amazon.com/Ghost-Riders-Baghdad-Soldiers-Civilians-ebook/dp/B014PWVUAC/
pg111/loc2179-82:
The backstory to all this is well reported. The Bush administration appointed hundreds of politically loyal neoconservative bureaucrats to run postwar Iraq, including the top civilian official--L. Paul Bremer. Bremer, heavily influenced by Iraqi exiles like Ahmed Chalabi and supported by Vice President Dick Cheney, implemented a policy of de-Baathification.

pg111/loc2193-95:
On 16 April 2003, Bremer, against the advice of Colin Powell's State Department and the Central Intelligence Agency, disbanded the Iraqi Army. 16 This seemingly simple decision placed a few hundred thousand unemployed young men back on the street with no effective reintegration strategy.

pg171/loc3246-49:
All this talk of "what-ifs" and lost Surge opportunities ignores one salient, if uncomfortable, fact: ISIS is an outgrowth of our own invasion. Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF--as we gleefully named it) was more than just an awful euphemism; it spelled catastrophe--and chaos--for most Iraqis.
... snip ...

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

... more from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences; note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Afghanistan Down the Drain

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Afghanistan Down the Drain
Date: 18 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain

An Afghanistan Apportionment
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/18/an-afghanistan-apportionment/
Two decades of American sacrifice was too few years for them.

2,448 American military deaths (plus 20,149 wounded in action, hundreds of thousands with unseen wounds, plus 3,846 US contractor deaths) was not enough blood and tragedy for them.

Up to $2.6 trillion (including $92.7 billion in military security aid, $28.4 billion in economic and development aid, plus $22.2 billion in governance assistance all directly to Afghanistan, plus approximately $800 billion for US military operations) was too miserly for them.

307,000 Afghanistan soldiers and police trained and armed by the US were not enough to hold 60,000 Taliban fighters (who had no air force, artillery or armor) at bay.

Literally millions of US strikes and support sorties, incompletely reported publically by the Pentagon over just seven of the war's 20 years, were not enough for them.

Why did it all fail?

... snip ...

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

including various recent posts mentioning afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#39 Republicans delete webpage celebrating Trump's deal with Taliban
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#38 $10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#2 The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#99 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#22 What America Didn't Understand About Its Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#7 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#66 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#64 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#82 The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#30 Trump and Republican Party Racism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OoO S/360 descendants

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OoO S/360 descendants
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 18 Aug 2021 11:02:40 -1000
anton@mips.complang.tuwien.ac.at (Anton Ertl) writes:
That has eluded me up to now. I only read about some family members later that were far behind in microarchitecture and per-processor MIPS to what Intel did at the time (IIRC single-issue in-order while Intel was 3-wide OoO). I thought at the time that for the legacy software that they were running, more CPU performance is probably not that important (and maybe the jobs were I/O-bound anyway). Looking at the MIPS numbers of the 9672 machines, they were really far behind (but I think it was the z900 (2500MIPS on 16 processors) that I found underwhelming).

z196 seemed to have been the last where there were real live benchmark numbers ... since then things got a lot more obfuscated ... getting percents from previous machines. z196 documents have some statement that 1/3 to 1/2 of z10->z196 per processor performance improvement is introduction of memory latency compensating technology (that had been in other platforms for long time), out-of-order execution, branch prediction, etc


z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017
z15, 190 processors, 190BIPS* (1000MIPS/proc), Sep2019

• pubs say z15 1.25 times z14 (1.25*150BIPS or 190BIPS)

trivia: mid-70s got sucked into project to do 16 processor SMP 370, we even sucked the 3033 processor engineers working on it in their spare time, lot more interesting than remapping 168-3 to 20% faster chips ... lots thot that it was really great ... until somebody informed the head of the POK lab that it could be decades before POK favorite son operating system had effective 16-way support ... then some of us got invited to never visit POK again (& 3033 processor engineers to totally focus on 3033). z900 finally appears with 16-way ... more than 20yrs later.

for comparison z196 era blade was e5-2600 benchmarked at 500 BIPS (industry standard benchmark based on number of iterations compared to 370/158-3 assumed to be 1MIP). Max configured z196 (50BIPS) had IBM price around $30M or $600,000/BIPS while IBM base list price (before IBM sold off that server business) was $1815 for E5-2600 blade (or $3.60/BIPS).

other trivia: 1980, IBM STL was bursting at the seams and moving 300 people from IMS DBMS development group to offsite bldg with dataprocessing back to STL datacenter. They had tried "remote" 3270s and found human factors totally unacceptable. I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support, placing channel attached 3270 controllers at offsite bldg with no difference in human factors compared to 3270s inside STL.

Hardware vendor tried to get IBM to release my support, but group in POK working on some serial stuff get it blocked (afraid if it was in the market place, it would make it more difficult to get their stuff released). In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standardize some stuff they are playing with which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980). The POK group finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already obsolete.

Then some POK engineers become involved in fibre channel standard and define a heavy weight protocol that drastically cuts the native throughput that is eventually released as FICON. The most recent public numbers I've been able to find is Z196 "peak i/o" benchmark getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre channel standard). About the same time there was fibre channel standard announced for e5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS getting higher throughput than 104 FICON).

more trivia: IBM had been touting lots of mainframe I/O pathlength&processing offloaded to dedicated "system assist processors" (SAP) ... max configured z196 with max. number of 14 SAPs were all 100% busy at 2.2M SSCH/sec (2.2M I/O operations) but recommends keeping SAPs cpu at 70% or less (1.5M SSCH/sec) for I/O responsiveness.

SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OoO S/360 descendants

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OoO S/360 descendants
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 18 Aug 2021 11:25:30 -1000
anton@mips.complang.tuwien.ac.at (Anton Ertl) writes:
But the rest of the industry saw both the GHz race and the introduction of superscalar and OoO microprocessors during the next decade, while IBM's CMOS entry in 1994 was a step back from the earlier ECL machines; and while they also saw fast improvements, they were still far behind in the 9672 (178 MIPS for 1 processor) in 1999 and the Z900 in 2000. And the rest of the industry also passed IBM on the multi-processor stuff, with SGI's Origin and later Altix lines, Sun's (formerly FPS) Starfire, and HP Superdome. But it seems that IBM have caught up in both respects in the meantime.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#44 OoO S/360 descendants

other triviia: about same time as getting asked to play with LLNL on FCS ... also asked to participate with SLAC/Gustavson activity spawning SCI ... 64-way port cache interface. Sequent and Data General did 256-way ... 64 shared cache boards with four Intel processors each ... Convex did 128-way, 64 shared cache boards with two HP snake processors each.

SCI
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface
Different versions and derivatives of SCI were implemented by companies like Dolphin Interconnect Solutions, Convex, Data General AViiON (using cache controller and link controller chips from Dolphin), Sequent and Cray Research. Dolphin Interconnect Solutions implemented a PCI and PCI-Express connected derivative of SCI that provides non-coherent shared memory access. This implementation was used by Sun Microsystems for its high-end clusters, Thales Group and several others including volume applications for message passing within HPC clustering and medical imaging. SCI was often used to implement non-uniform memory access architectures. It was also used by Sequent Computer Systems as the processor memory bus in their NUMA-Q systems. Numascale developed a derivative to connect with coherent HyperTransport.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
Date: 19 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
within a year of taking 2 semester hour intro to computers/fortran, univ. hired me fulltime to responsible for mainframe system. They had gotten a 360/67 originally for tss/360 ... which never came to production fruition ... so ran as 360/65 with os/360. The univ. shutdown the datacenter from sat 8am until mon 8am and I got the whole place to myself, although 48hrs w/o sleep could make mon morning classes hard ... but over the weekends I got to do a lot of stuff reworking os/360 to increase throughput. Then in jan1968, three people from the science center came out and installed (virtual machine) cp67/cms ... which I could play with on weekends ... got to rewrite lots of cp67 code, drastically reducing pathlength and a lot of algorithm work (ordered seek queueing, page replacement, dynamic adaptive resource management, etc).

Before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services, move all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment (including offering services to non-Boeing entities). Then when I graduate, I join the science center (instead of staying at Boeing)

Note, 23jun1969, IBM makes unbundling announcement, starting to charge for SE services, maintenance, (application) software (but managed to make the case that operating system software should still be free. For 370s, there is VM370 group formed and morphs CP67/CMS into VM370, but they drop and/or greatly simplify a lot of stuff (including most of my work as undergraduate in the 60s ... as well as dropping CP67 multiprocessor support). Also in the first half of the 70s, there is Future System, completely different than 370 and going to completely replace 370 (during FS, internal politics was shutting down 370 efforts, the lack of new 370 during the FS period is credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold). However, I continued to work on 360/370 stuff all during FS period ... even periodically ridiculing what they were doing. Then when FS implodes, there is a mad rush to get 370 (hardware & software) stuff back into product pipelines.

One of my hobbies after joining science center, was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters (including the world-wide, online sales&marketing support HONE systems was long time customer) ... including moving the dropped CP67 work to VM370. Old email about move from enhanced CP67 to the production CSC/VM for internal datacenters (initially on vm370 release 2 base).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

The implosion of FS (and mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipeline), contributes to decision to release a lot of (my internal) CSC/VM in VM370 Release 3. The rise of clone 370s also results in decision to transition to charging for all (new) operating system (kernel) software ... and a lof of my (60s undergraduate) algorithm work was selected to be the guinea pig for charged for add-on kernel components (for VM/370 Release 3). Some expert from corporate reviewed the Resource Manager and said he wouldn't sign-off because it didn't have any manual tuning parameters). "Performance state-of-the-art was manual tuning parameters" (like POK favorite son operating system, MVS which had enormous array of manual tuning parameters and lots of IBM SHARE presentations about huge numbers of benchmarks with essentially random combination of changes and effect on different workload types). I tried to explain what dynamic adaptive resource management was ... but it fell on deaf ears. So I created a set of manual tuning parameters in module xxxSRM (as spoof on MVS implementation) and documented formulas and code ... but I didn't mention "degrees of freedom" (from operation research) ... xxxSRM values would be compensated for by the dynamic adaptive code in xxxSTP (from the 60s/70s TV commercials "the racer's edge").

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
dynamic adaptive resource manager posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
Date: 19 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#46 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management

note: TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
started oferring their CMS-based online computer conferencing system free to (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
in AUG1976 as VMSHARE ... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get a monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE files for putting up on internal IBM systems and network (including internal online world-wide sales&marketing support HONE system) ... biggest problem I had was with IBM lawyers afraid that customer information would contaminate internal employees (and/or would not correspond with what IBM executives were claiming that customers were saying).

In late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s). Jim Gray left IBM research in fall of 1980 for Tandem and we would periodically visit him. Internal online computer conferencing really took off after I distributed Gray trip report spring of 1981 ... some claims that 25,000 IBMers were reading. Folklore is that when corporate executive committee were told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me. From IBMJargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

Some of the results were officially sanction online computer conferencing software and sanctioned & moderated discussion groups. Other result was researcher hired to study how I communicated, sat in the back of my office and took notes on my face-to-face and phone conversations, got copies of all my incoming and outgoing email and logs of all my instant messaging ... results were IBM reports, books and conference papers and Stanford PhD (joint with language and computer AI, winograd was advisor on AI side).

At various times it was claimed that I was periodically responsible for 1/3rd of the traffic on the ibm world-wide internal network ... and complaints that sometimes officially sanctioned and moderated internal forums became wheeler'ized (when I accounted for more postings than the whole rest of the corporation)

IBM internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
Date: 20 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#46 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#47 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management

TSS/360 had paged-mapped, single-level store, but it serialized a whole bunch of stuff ... radically cutting ability to do concurrent I/O and resulting throughput. I did some benchmarks at the univ. with the TSS SE on the weekends ... basically simulated users doing Fortran program edit, compile, and executed. I ran 35 simulated CP67/CMS users and got better throughput, response, etc ... than TSS running four users. One of the death knells (among several) for Future System was it adopted similar design and implementation for disk file i/o. After joining IBM ... I implemented a page-mapped filesystem for CP67/CMS and claimed I learned what not to do from observing TSS. However, it wasn't the only issues plaguing FS. Houston Science Center did detailed analysis of processor execution and found that a FS machine built of the fastest technology available ... running 370/195 applications would have throughput of 370/145 (about a factor of 30 times slow down). The folklore was some of the FS people retreated to Rochester and did S/38 with all the same issues ... but performance and throughput weren't issue in that market (even factor of 30 times cut in throughput) ... simplification of operation was much more important.

trivia: early 80s my brother was regional Apple marketing rep (largest physical region CONUS) ... when he came into town for Apple corporate meetings, I would get invited to business dinners and was even argue MAC design with the developers (before it was even announced). One of things my brother figured out was how to remotely dial into the S/38 that ran apple to track manufacturing and delivery schedule.

Other trivia: a decade ago, one of IBM mainframe customers asked me if I could track down the decision to move all 370 to virtual memory. Basically file I/O was increasingly becoming a bottleneck for OS/360 and compensation was to run increasing number of concurrent programs (regions). However, MVT storage management was so bad that it typically required specifying regions four times larger than actually used ... which limited standard 1mbyte 370/165 to four regions. Studies showed that it was possible to map MVT into 16mbyte virtual address space and increase number of regions by a factor of four times while doing little or no paging. Old archived post with answer from person involved
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

above mentions that Simpson (from HASP fame) had done a page-mapped filesystem for MFT II similar to my CMS implementation. However that wasn't what was used for VS2 ... basically it kept the system libraries that built channel programs in the application space and then invoked SVC0/EXCP for execution. The move to virtual memory met that EXCP had to create a copy of the passed channel programs, replacing all the (application) virtual addresses with the real addresses. This was the major amount of code to move MVT to VS2 ... and as mentioned Ludlow borrowed CCWTRANS from CP67 (that performed the same function) and hacked it into OS/360 EXCP.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
paged mapped (cms) filesystem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

other archiveed posts mentioning the MVT storage management issue:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#25 Execute and IBM history, not Sequencer vs microcode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#6 IBM 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#59 370 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#92 MVS Boney Fingers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#18 IBM assembler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#84 VS/Repack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#59 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#112 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#40 OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#18 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#47 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#73 Storage paradigm [was: RE: Data volumes]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#47 Storage paradigm [was: RE: Data volumes]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#42 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#21 8-bit bytes and byte-addressed machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#19 How to get a tape's DSCB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#55 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#17 5 Byte Device Addresses?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#16 5 Byte Device Addresses?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#115 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#92 Question regarding PSW correction after translation exceptions on old IBM hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#72 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#16 Region Size - Step or Jobcard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#45 PROP instead of POPS, PoO, et al
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#61 Evolution of Floating Point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#59 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#0 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#31 Is VIO mandatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#54 CKD Disks?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
Date: 20 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#46 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#47 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#48 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management

trivia: I've mentioned several times having HSDT project doing T1 and faster computer links ... HSDT was also having custom designed communication hardware built on the other side of Pacific and would periodically go over to check on things. The companies also liked to show off some of the advance technology stuff they were doing in conjunction with their auto industry. The friday before one such visit, Raleigh sent out announcement for a new online computer communication discussion group with the following definitions: low-speed 9.6kbits/sec, medium speed 19.2kbitts/sec, high-speed 56kbits/sec, and very high-speed 1.5mbits/sec. On monday morning on wall of conference room on the other side of pacific, there were these definitions: low-speed <20mbits/sec, medium speed 100mbits/sec, high-speed 200mbits-300mbits/sec, very high-speed: >600mbits/sec

mid-80s, Raleigh was both working on T1 1.5mbits/sec "very high speed" prototype (i.e. US T1, EU T1 is 2mbits/sec full-duplex, 4mbits/sec aggregate) and telling the corporate executive committee that customers wouldn't be wanting T1 support before well into the 90s. For the corporate executive committee they collected data on customers using 37x5 "fat pipe" support, multiple parallel 56kbit/sec links operating as single logical link. They showed number of customers as number of 56kbit/sec parallel links increased ... dropping to zero customer for six 56kbit/sec links. What they didn't show (or didn't know) was telco tariffs for T1 (1.5mbit/sec) links was about the same as five or six 56kbit/sec links ... aka at 5 or 6 links, customers just moved to full T1 and used non-IBM hardware (trivial survey found 200 customers using full T1 links).

In any case, they eventually come out with 3737 "T1 support" for customers ... old archived email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005
in these posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#77

SNA/VTAM had windowing pacing algorithm and would stop sending when it reached the maximum number of unacknowledge RUs ... even short-haul terrestrial, low latency T1s were (relatively) so fast that SNA/VTAM would constantly reaching max RUs and suspending transmission waiting for responses from the other end. 3737 had boatload of memory and Moto 68k processors ... implementing a mini-VTAM that would spoof CTCA adapter to local VTAM ... immediately responding that the RU had been received (before even transmission) ... and then using non-VTAM protocol between the local 3737 and the remote 3737. Even with tremendous amount of resources spoofing the host VTAMs ... it was still limited to about 2mbit/sec aggregate throughput (T1 1.5mbits/sec full-duplex is 3mbits/sec aggregate).

To handle that issue, HSDT had long previously went to dynamic adaptive rate-based pacing algorithm that adapted from low-latency short haul channel speed to high-latency channel speed geo-sync satellite links.

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
OSI & HSP work, including writting rate-based pacing into standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

There is infamous story about STL (cal) and Hursley (england) working on load sharing project (utilizing computers during the others' offshift period). They original brought up 56kbit double hop geo-sat link (west coast up to the sat and down to each coast, then up to sat over atlantic and down to hursley) ... round trip latency was around 2secs and worked fine with VNET. Then they tried it with JES2 and wasn't able to establish link (2sec exceeded initial max connect handshake delay). They then went back to VNET and it worked fine. The guy running the project then explained that VNET was too dumb to know that the link wasn't working (even though valid data was flowing through the whole time).

other posts mentioning 3737
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#14 The Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#97 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#117 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#35 Transition to cloud computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#16 Tandem Memo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#110 IBM Token-RIng
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#109 IBM Token-Ring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#9 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#35 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#57 TV Show "Hill Street Blues"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#75 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#72 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#82 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#42 20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#31 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#47 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#66 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#46 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#16 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#66 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#47 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printerhistory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#24 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#89 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#87 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#4 A joke seen in an online discussion about moving a box of tape backups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#57 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#23 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#92 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#19 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#103 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#54 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck? (Part One)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#2 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PROFS

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PROFS
Date: 20 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
some from the thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#90 Was E-mail a Mistake? The mathematics of distributed systems suggests that meetings might be better
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#92 Was E-mail a Mistake? The mathematics of distributed systems suggests that meetings might be better

some of the 7094/CTSS people went to the 5th flr for Project MAC and MULTICS, others went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, interactive apps, monitoring&performance, internal network, invented GML in 1969 (decade later morphs into international standard SGML and after another decade morphs into HTML at CERN).

CTSS EMAIL history
https://multicians.org/thvv/mail-history.html
https://multicians.org/thvv/anhc-34-1-anec.html

so CP67/CMS was doing email back in the 60s (well before morph to VM370/CMS).

Note the PROFS group were collecting internal applications and packaging them with menus ... for the less computer literate in the company. They had picked up a very early version of VMSG for the PROFS email client. When the VMSG author offered them a much enhanced version, they attempted to get him separated from the company. Things quiet down when the VMSG author demonstrates his initials are in every PROFS email (in non-displayed field). After that, the author only shares his source with me and one other person.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

profs/vmsg posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#33 IBM/PC 12Aug1981
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#30 Departure Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#48 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#65 IBM Computer Literacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#108 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#96 PROFS and Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#20 Internal Telephone Message System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#75 CP67 & EMAIL history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#54 PROFS, email, 3270
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#25 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#5 DOS & OS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#15 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#27 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#67 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#8 IBM email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#76 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#43 PL/I advertising

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OoO S/360 descendants

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OoO S/360 descendants
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Fri, 20 Aug 2021 12:04:13 -1000
Stephen Fuld <sfuld@alumni.cmu.edu.invalid> writes:
Don't forget the vector facility for the 3090. Perhaps the new instructions are there just for compatibility.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#45 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#44 OoO S/360 descendants

reference to shutdown of ACS-360
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html
claim was executives felt that it would advance state-of-art too fast and shut it down ... Amdahl leaves IBM shortly later. Also mentions some of the features don't show up until ES9000 in the 90s. Also references invention for hyperthreading.

trivia: 370/195 had out-of-order and 64 instruction pipeline, but didn't have branch prediction and conditional branches drained the pipeline. 370/195 could hit 10MIPS but most codes ran at 5MIPS (because of conditional branches). 370/195 sucked me into helping them implementing hyperthreading ... emulating two processor SMP (which never got announced or shipped, in part the shift 370 to virtual memory and that would have required effectively new machine for 195).

more trivia: Future System in the 1st half of the 70s was completely different from 370 an was going to completely replace 370 ... and internal politics was killing off 370 projects. The lack of new 370 during FS is credited with giving the 370 clone makers (Amdahl) their market foothold.

When FS imploded, there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines ... 3033 (remap 168-3 logic to 20% faster chips) and 3081 were quick&dirty projects kicked off in parallel. some more details
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

I had gotten sucked into helping with 16-processor 370 SMP and lots of people thot it was really great ... we also got the 3033 processor engineers to work on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than remapping 168-3 logic). Then somebody told the head of their lab that it might take the POK favorite son operating system (MVS) decades before they had effective 16-way support (z900 w/16way released more than 20 years later). Then some of us were invited to never visit POK again (and 3033 processor engineers were told to focus totally on 3033).

With 3033 out the door the 3033 processor engineers start on 3090 (trout, trout1.5, etc). The 3090 processor engineers complained when vector processing was announced ... they claimed that in the past, big issue for vector was it was so slow, that memory could easily keep dozen of units fed but they had got scalar up to running at memory speed ... trying to run multiple FP units concurrently would be memory limited.

SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

acs_end & hyperthreading posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#28 IBM 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#62 IBM 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#73 Backwards compatibility
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#62 instruction clock speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#80 BYTE Magazine Pentomino Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#46 Temporary Data Sets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#39 360/95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#26 Multitasking, together with OS operations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#3 Is multiprocessing better then multithreading?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#45 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#44 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#7 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#65 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#37 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#110 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#89 First Single-Chip Out-of-Order Microprocessor?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#82 IBM Automatic (COBOL) Binary Optimizer Now Availabile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#23 A Modest Proposal (for avoiding OOO)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#69 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#61 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#164 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#105 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#97 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#64 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#62 Imprecise Interrupts and the 360/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#67 relative speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#96 Indirect Bit

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PROFS

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PROFS
Date: 21 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#50 PROFS

Early on CTSS RUNOFF was re-implemented on CP67/CMS as SCRIPT. Then GML was invented at the science center in 1969 and GML tags were added to SCRIPT. A decade later morphs into ISO standard at SGML ... after another decade SGML morphs into HTML ... a little history
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

GML, SGML, HTML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

first webserver in the US was on SLAC VM370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

recent web posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#23 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#24 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#25 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#30 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#34 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#36 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#37 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server

In 1970s, I started maintaining email name/address file ... eventually growing to almost 30,000. Jim Gray and I also started the internal online telephone books, collection and redistribution. We were sitting around drinking friday night and speculating what might help attracting computer illiterate employees and executives into using computers. We decided to do online telephone books, Jim's task was to do name lookup application that would always run faster than it took somebody to pick up a paper version and find name. My task was to acquire machine readable versions and the applications that would reformat the various formats into our standard online format (each of our efforts would take less than 40hrs, one week, of our time). I then started attempting to merge entries in my email name/address file with entries in the phone books. Somewhere along the way, local operations also started adding email addresses to their files (used to generate paper copies).

In the late 80s, an executive that I one time directly reported to, was leaving IBM and asked if I would send out his goodby email. I incorrectly selected an email distribution list with over 25,000 addresses. Got lots of feedback from complaining ... who was the person leaving IBM and who was I sending the email.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PROFS

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PROFS
Date: 21 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#50 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#52 PROFS

Internal network trivia:

One of the earliest use was distributed development project between cambridge science center and endicott ... to enhance CP67 (running on 360/67) to have 370 virtual memory machines. Base production system on 360/67 was my CP67L system. Then was set of updates for CP67H which added support for 370 virtual machines (in addition to 360 and 360/67 virtual machines). Then was set of updates for CP67I which was a version of CP67 that ran on 370 architecture (rather than 360/67 architecture). These were all regularly running a year before the first engineering 370(/145) with virtual memory support was operational.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

After Future System project imploded in the mid-70s (was completely different and was going to completely replace 370, internal politics was shutting down 370 efforts and lack of new 370s is credited with giving 370 clone makers their market foothold) ... there was a mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines. The head of POK also managed to convince corporate to kill the VM370 product, shutdown the VM370 group and move all the people to POK to work on MVS/XA ... claiming that otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't be able to ship on time in the 80s (Endicott eventually managed to save the VM370 product mission but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch)

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

At the time both JES2 and VM370 was attempting to announce networking. With the corporate decision to kill VM370, there was no chance of getting VNET announced. JES2 had a different problem ... even though JES2 networking had been inherited from HASP implementation done at a univ ("TUCC" in cols. 68-71 of the source), they couldn't make the revenue case necessary for charged-for software products. Eventually JES2 invented a joint JES2/VNET product announce, where the VNET revenue covered the JES2 networking costs.

Internally, there were several major problems with using JES2 networking. The TUCC code mapped network nodes in the unused entries in the 255 psuedo device table (around 160-180 max nodes) ... at the time when the number of internal network nodes was already 500 (If JES2 saw any traffic, origin or destination, involving nodes not in its table, the traffic was discarded). At the time of the 1JAN1983 cut-over of ARPANET (HOST/IMPS) to internetworking protocol (TCP/IP), it had 100 IMP nodes and 255 hosts ... at a time when the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes (which it passes a few months later).

Old archived post with list of IBM world-wide locations that added one or more networking nodes during 1983:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

and JES2 was still limited to its 160-180 network definitions ... which met it had to be carefully restricted to edge nodes in the internal network.

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
HASP, ASP, JES2, JES3, NJI/NJE, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PROFS

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PROFS
Date: 21 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#50 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#52 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#53 PROFS

Original CP67 (and VM370) only provided an interface for "r/o shared pages" with the IPL command. I've mentioned before that I did a page-mapped filesystem for CP67/CMS and then moved it to VM370 as part of migrating huge amount of feature/function dropped in the CP67->VM370 morph by the development group. Old email refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

science center refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
paged mapped (cms) filesystem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

then with the implosion of Future System and mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipeline, they decided to ship some of my CSC/VM system in VM370 Release3. Part was the enhancement for R/O sharing w/o the CMS page mapped filesystem (they called DCSS) and bunch of CMS code I had modified for running in R/O shared memory. Old email with the IOS3720/FULIST/BROWSE author about modifying the code for working in R/O shared memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email781010
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email781011
from this archived post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#9

other posts mentioning ios3270, fulist, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#27 IBM Fan-fold cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#44 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#39 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#2 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#58 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#9 IBM 1403 printer carriage control tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#120 maps on Cadillac Seville trip computer from 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#0 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#70 2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#76 How many years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#53 Updated Green Card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#48 IPCS, DUMPRX, 3092, EREP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#6 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#96 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#43 VSAM usage for ancient disk models
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#16 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#89 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#88 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#81 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#80 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#50 Mainframes after Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#37 IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#86 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#93 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#100 IBM's 96 column punch card (was System/3)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#40 Expand-down v. expand-up stack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#39 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#82 z/OS physical memory usage with multiple copies of same load module at different virtual addresses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#22 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#14 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#31 Hardware failures (was Re: Scary Sysprogs ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#30 GUI vs 3270 Re: MVS Quick Reference, was: LookAT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#40 Reader Comment on SA22-7832-08 (PoPS), should I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#32 Getting at the original command name/line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#27 Getting at the original command name/line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#26 Getting at the original command name/line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#89 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#25 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#24 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#58 ISO documentation of IBM 3375, 3380 and 3390 track format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#64 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#99 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#93 S/360 I/O activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#76 END OF FILE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#73 END OF FILE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#12 IEBPTPCH questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#53 Image if someone built a general-menu-system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#55 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#52 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#21 Supervisory Processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#18 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#70 History of byte addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#42 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#31 TCP/IP Available on MVS When?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#71 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#33 IBM S/360 Green Card high quality scan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#43 IBM 3883 Manuals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#44 PROP instead of POPS, PoO, et al
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#27 OS idling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#26 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#72 1130, was System/3--IBM compilers (languages) available?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#49 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#22 history of RPG and other languages, was search engine history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#21 paged-access method
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#43 What was old is new again (water chilled)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#45 sysout using machine control instead of ANSI control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#44 sysout using machine control instead of ANSI control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#49 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#18 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#47 Z/VM support for FBA devices was Re: z/OS support of HMC's 3270 emulation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#44 Z/VM support for FBA devices was Re: z/OS support of HMC's 3270 emulation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#34 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#77 Z11 - Water cooling?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#22 Evil weather
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#18 Magnetic tape storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#42 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#80 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#33 IBM Preview of z/OS V1.10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#77 Usefulness of bidirectional read/write?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#17 Usefulness of bidirectional read/write?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#63 An old fashioned Christmas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#51 Education ranking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#46 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#38 Education ranking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#1 IBM mainframe history, was Floating-point myths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#75 T3 Sues IBM To Break its Mainframe Monopoly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#71 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#69 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#65 Direction of Stack Growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#36 Writing 23FDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#59 IBM System/360 DOS still going strong as Z/VSE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#0 IBM 360 Model 20 Questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#25 IBM 360 Model 20 Questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#5 Even worse than UNIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#78 What happened to the Teletype Corporation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#65 History - Early Green Card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#64 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#39 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#45 SVCs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#25 What is "command reject" trying to tell me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#18 IBM sues maker of Intel-based Mainframe clones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#24 IBM sues maker of Intel-based Mainframe clones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#31 MB to Cyl Conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#46 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#39 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#31 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#26 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#45 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#44 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#27 A Day For Surprises (Astounding Itanium Tricks)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#8 should program call stack grow upward or downwards?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#21 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#19 Improving 360 Addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#8 Not Your Dad's Mainframe: Little Iron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#6 Not Your Dad's Mainframe: Little Iron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#13 Track capacity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#8 Track capacity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#5 Track capacity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#62 Large Computer Rescue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#51 other cp/cms history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#50 TSO and more was: PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#2 Mount a tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#15 S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#0 EREP , sense ... manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#49 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#48 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#47 What is written on the keys of an ICL Hand Card Punch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#45 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#44 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#43 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#42 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#41 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#40 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#39 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#14 Where should the type information be: in tags and descriptors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#63 creat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#10 RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#23 command line switches [Re: [REALLY OT!] Overuse of symbolic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#12 Why are there few viruses for UNIX/Linux systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#32 Alpha performance, why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#20 Alpha performance, why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#40 Linux paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#25 Early computer games
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#79 Fw: HONE was .. Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#5 What goes into a 3090?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#8 Theo Alkema
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#83 Z/90, S/390, 370/ESA (slightly off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#76 Is a VAX a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#50 VM (not VMS or Virtual Machine, the IBM sort)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#108 IBM 9020 computers used by FAA (was Re: EPO stories (was: HELP IT'S HOT!!!!!))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#61 Living legends
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#60 Living legends
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#41 IBM 4361 CPU technology

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

even an old mainframer can do it

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: even an old mainframer can do it
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Sat, 21 Aug 2021 13:16:07 -1000
robhbridges@GMAIL.COM (Bob Bridges) writes:
Hm, that cautionary tale gets me thinking. When I'm writing a REXX of any complexity, say more than 100 lines, I find it useful to write a bit of it, run it to debug, then add the next piece, run it again, and so on. Otherwise debugging is much more difficult; my way, when the program bombs I can be pretty sure what part of it to look in for the problem because all he other parts already worked.

REXX is interpreted, not compiled, but you've got me wondering now whether I'm doing a disservice to everyone else at my shop.


very early in REX (before renamed and released to customers), I wanted to demonstrate that it wasn't just another pretty scripting language ... so I decided to redo (very large assembler language application) IPCS (debugger and dump reader) in REX ... objective was do it in three months elapsed time working half time with ten times the function and ten times the performance (some slight of hand going from assembler to interpreted REX). Got done early so started library of automated procedures that would scan dumps for lots of typical failure signatures. It also had options for running against dump file or real storage and/or running within an XEDIT session and saving the complete session as an edit file.

I thot that it would be released to customers ... for whatever reason it wasn't (possibly because this was in the early 80s during the OCO-wars period and I had included code that would map storage using DSECT marcos and interpret executable code, as well as being done in interpreted REX requiring full source had to be shipped) ... even though it came to be used by nearly every internal datacenter and customer PSRs. I eventually got permission to present how I did the implementation at a number of user group meetings (SHARE, BAYBUNCH, etc) and within a few months other similar implementations started to appear.

Note the 3090 service processor, 3092 was a pair of 4361s running a highly modified version of VM370/CMS Release 6 ... and requiring two 3370 FBA (even for MVS installations which never had FBA support). Old email with the service processor group wanting to ship DUMPRX as part of 3092
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

trivia: all 3092 service processor screens were done in CMS IOS3270.

posts mentioning DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Afghanistan Down the Drain

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Afghanistan Down the Drain
Date: 21 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#43 Afghanistan Down the Drain

One Lesson to Learn from the Withdrawal from Afghanistan...And One Not to Learn
https://theconstitutionalist.org/2021/08/20/one-lesson-to-learn-from-the-withdrawal-from-afghanistan-and-one-not-to-learn/
Opinion: US failure in Afghanistan: What lessons for Africa?
https://www.dw.com/en/opinion-us-failure-in-afghanistan-what-lessons-for-africa/a-58909935
The Entirely Predictable Failure of the West's Mission in Afghanistan
https://www.spiegel.de/international/world/the-trillion-dollar-illusion-the-entirely-predictable-failure-of-the-west-s-mission-in-afghanistan-a-0193fa9c-aa
Will Americans Who Were Right on Afghanistan Still Be Ignored?
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/08/will-americans-who-were-right-on-afghanistan-still-be-ignored.html
Where Did We Go So Wrong in Afghanistan?
http://www.ipsnews.net/2021/08/go-wrong-afghanistan/
Why the debate on Afghanistan is so distorted
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2021/08/20/why-debate-afghanistan-is-so-distorted/
The Root Cause of the Afghanistan Crisis? U.S. Domestic Politics
https://www.diplomaticourier.com/posts/the-root-cause-of-the-afghanistan-crisis-us-domestic-politics
Afghanistan Was Always About American Politics
https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/afghan-war-was-about-us-politics-by-james-k-galbraith-2021-08

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

other recent posts mentioning Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#39 Republicans delete webpage celebrating Trump's deal with Taliban
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#38 $10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#2 The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#99 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#22 What America Didn't Understand About Its Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#7 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#66 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#64 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#82 The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#30 Trump and Republican Party Racism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Generation of Vipers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Generation of Vipers
Date: 22 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Generation of Vipers. The Original Sin and Continuous Crimes of America's Involvement in Afghanistan
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/22/generation-of-vipers/
Were US War Profiteers the Ultimate Winners in Battle-Scarred Afghanistan?
http://www.ipsnews.net/2021/08/us-war-profiteers-ultimate-winners-battle-scarred-afghanistan/

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent wahhabi posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#11 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mexico sues US gun-makers over flow of weapons across border

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Mexico sues US gun-makers over flow of weapons across border
Date: 22 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#88 Mexico sues US gun-makers over flow of weapons across border

US Court Admits Mexican Gun Trafficking Lawsuit
https://www.telesurenglish.net/news/US-Court-Admits-Mexican-Gun-Trafficking-Lawsuit-20210820-0018.html
The lawsuit, accepted by the Federal Court in Massachusetts and which could last several years, accuses 11 manufacturing and distribution companies of prom
... snip ...

... not long after "economic mess" some number of too big to fail (financial institutions) were found to be doing money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists ... major enabler of being able to buy military grade equipment and the rise in violence on both sides of the Mexican border. Apparently since the gov. was already leaning over backwards to keep them in business ... TBTF were asked if they would please stop (sometimes fined, but amounts were trivial compared to what they were making off the money laundering, joking that it just became part of cost of running criminal enterprise). At the time, there were articles claiming that the TBTF money laundering (for drug cartels) were turning Mexico into another Columbia.

past money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
too big to fail ("too big to prosecute" & "too big to jail")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Generation of Vipers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Generation of Vipers
Date: 22 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#43 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#56 Afghanistan Down the Drain

Collapse in Afghanistan: Early Insights from RAND Researchers
https://www.rand.org/blog/2021/08/collapse-in-afghanistan-early-insights-from-rand-researchers.html
Afghanistan 20/20: The 20-Year War in 20 Documents
https://nsarchive.gwu.edu/briefing-book/afghanistan/2021-08-19/afghanistan-2020-20-year-war-20-documents?eType=EmailBlastContent&eId=b91ddb01-ce3a-41b5-a180-3eae3f834bee
From Forever Wars to Great-Power Wars: Lessons Learned From Operation Inherent Resolve
https://warontherocks.com/2021/08/from-forever-wars-to-great-power-wars-lessons-learned-from-operation-inherent-resolve/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PROFS

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PROFS
Date: 22 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#50 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#52 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#53 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#53 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#54 PROFS

Early 80s ... 3270 terminal allocation was still part of annual budget process ... but then there was rapidly spreading rumor that some of the corporate executive committee using email to communicate resulting in mad rush by other executives and middle management redirecting 3270 allocation to their desks to create a facade that they were computer literate (3270 redirection was taking away from development projects that they had been justified for). However, the majority of the upper level management getting 3270s for their desks would just turn them on in the morning and off at night resulting in the PROFS memu being burned into to the screen (some not even logging on, the vm370 logo burned into their screen).

Saw it in development projects with their missing terminals. Later it was combination of status symbol and computer literacy facde ... where large screen ps2/486 machines intercepted from development to live their lives on management desk as 3270 terminal emulation with profs being burned into the screen

... and circa 1980 when 3270 allocations was part of fall annual budget plan required VP signoff ... did analysis that 3270 terminal cost spread over 3yr/36months was about same monthly as office telephone that was everybody's desk as matter of course (w/o requiring VP signoff)

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Starting Salary

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Starting Salary
Date: 22 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Summer of my freshman year, I was hired as foreman on construction job ... three nine man crews. They had really wet spring so project was behind schedule and we started doing 80+ hr weeks, time&half for 41-60, double time for over 60. It was a long time at IBM before my monthly earning exceeded that summer. A good part of my job was supply chain .. making sure all the supplies and deliverables were available for each day's work (some stuff was up to 2week lead time).

I had been at IBM a year ... and there was lot of new hiring and anybody that been around more than a few months was being asked to be a manager. I asked to take the manager's manual home over the weekend and read it. I came back on Monday and said I wouldn't make a very good IBM (white collar) manager ... my management expertise was resolving employee issues in the parking lot.

In the early 80s, I wrote an opendoor claiming I was significantly underpaid with all sort of supporting documentation. I got back a written response from the head of HR saying that after a complete review of my whole career, I was making just what I was suppose to. I took the written response and original opendoor and wrote a cover letter pointing out that I was being asked to interview new hires for a new group that would operate under my direction and they were being offered starting salary 30% more than I was making. I never got a written response, but a few weeks later I got a 30% raise (putting me on level playing field with the new hire offers). Lots of people reminding me that in IBM, "Business Ethics" was an oxymoron.

posts mentioning 30% raise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#15 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#86 Bizarre Career Events
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#12 IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#78 IBM Disk Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#47 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#81 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#35 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#65 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#12 Clone Processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#2 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#82 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#50 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#74 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#0 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#75 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#48 time spent/day on a computer

About the same time, I was introduced to John Boyd and use to sponsor his briefings at IBM. Trivia: in 89/90 period, the commandant of the marine corps leverages Boyd for a corps makeover (at a time when IBM was desperately in need of a makeover, both organizations had approx. same number of people at the time). There continued to be Boyd meetings at Marine Corps Univ (even after he passes in 1997)

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

posts about being told I had no career, promotions, raises in IBM because I would coverup for good sailing buddy of IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#66 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#63 IBM / How To Stuff A Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#85 Bizarre Career Events
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#66 IBM CEO Story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#37 Some CP67, Future System and other history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#82 Kinder/Gentler IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#138 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#68 IBM Suits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#27 Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#6 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#27 Software Delivery on Tape to be Discontinued
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#86 Computer/IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#95 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#72 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#22 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#19 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#19 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#4 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

An Un-American Way of War: Why the United States Fails at Irregular Warfare

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: An Un-American Way of War: Why the United States Fails at Irregular Warfare
Date: 23 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
An Un-American Way of War: Why the United States Fails at Irregular Warfare
https://mwi.usma.edu/an-un-american-way-of-war-why-the-united-states-fails-at-irregular-warfare/

... however that assumes that the US wants to succeed at war ... objective actually being forever wars that never end ... perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

Boyd quote
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
John Boyd posts & refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

An Afghanistan Apportionment
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/18/an-afghanistan-apportionment/

... then there is whether they even had justification for what they were doing.

recent posts that saudi wahhabi responsible:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#11 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later

... and Iraq was pure fabrication and had been fighting against Al-Qaeda
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#2 The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#67 Does America Like Losing Wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#50 Who Authorized America's Wars? And Why They Never End
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#7 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#69 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#40 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#10 George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#89 What the Iraq Invasion Revealed About How America Works
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#82 The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#21 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#20 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#101 Three Wars, No Victory - Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#135 Permanent Record
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#124 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#113 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#105 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#85 Just and Unjust Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#70 Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#26 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#24 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#51 Dissecting Strategic Decision Making: #Reviewing Leap of Faith
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#38 Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#13 This One Paragraph Tells Us How Wrong the Pentagon Was About Invasion of Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#55 Most Corrupt Institution on Earth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#18 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Programs that work right the first time

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Programs that work right the first time.
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Mon, 23 Aug 2021 09:41:39 -1000
smetz3@GMU.EDU (Seymour J Metz) writes:
A defensive patent is when you patent something that should not be patentable, for the sole purpose of preventing others for patenting the same "invention". It's a lot less expensive then having to defend an infringement claim, even if you eventually get that patent invalidated. It wouldn't be necessary if the USPTO did a better job of detecting "inventions" that are prior art or obvious to practitioners.

it also overlaps "submarine" patents ... patents that are so obscured that they wouldn't normally be found in a search ... but then later magically materialize. A semantic language analysis of all patents were done in the 90s and found that 30% of computer related patents were obfuscated submarine patents filed in other categories.

a couple old patents mentioning "submarine" patents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#88 Microsoft, IBM lobbying seen killing key anti-patent troll proposal

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WWII Pilot Barrel Rolls Boeing 707

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: WWII Pilot Barrel Rolls Boeing 707
Date: 23 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
WWII Pilot Barrel Rolls Boeing 707
https://worldwarwings.com/wwii-pilot-barrel-rolls-boeing-707/

I had taken two semester hr intro computers/fortran and then within a year, univ hires me fulltime responsible for IBM systems. Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton datacenter was largest in the world, something like $200M-$300m in IBM 360 systems. Story I was told was 707 was fitted with 50gal barrels and water plumbing system as part of getting flt. certification. Barrels could be filled for uniform heavy load and/or any possible non-uniform loading (either side, front or back, etc). The roll tore a lot of that testing interior loose.

Other trivia: I was introduced to John Boyd in early 80s and use to sponsor his briefings. One of his stories was he was very vocal that the electronics across the trail wouldn't work ... so (possibly as punishment?) he was put in command of spook base (about the same time I'm at Boeing). Boyd biography claims "spook base" was $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (ten times Renton). "Spook Base" ref, gone 404, but still lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Another story was when he was instructor at USAF weapons school (and possibly best fighter pilot in the world) was known as 40sec Boyd, John Boyd - USAF. The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of Air Warfare
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm
During the 1950s, John Boyd dominated fighter aviation in the U.S. Air Force. His fame came on the wings of the quirky and treacherous F-100; the infamous "Hun." Boyd was known throughout the Air Force as "Forty-Second Boyd," because he had a standing offer to all pilots that if they could defeat them in simulated air-to-air combat in under 40 seconds, he would pay them $40. Like any gunslinger with a name and a reputation, he was called out many times. As an instructor at the Fighter Weapons School (FWS) at Nellis AFB, he fought students, cadre pilots, Marine and Navy pilots, and pilots from a dozen countries, who were attending the FWS as part of the Mutual Defense Assistance Pact.

Boyd was equally famous in the classroom where he developed the "Aerial Attack Study." Until Boyd came along, fighter pilots thought that air combat was an art rather than a science; that it could never be codified. Boyd proved them wrong when he demonstrated that for every maneuver there is a series of counter maneuvers. And there is a counter to every counter. Afterwards, when fighter pilots attacked (or were attacked), they knew every option open to their adversary and how to respond. After the study was declassified, foreign pilots passing through Nellis took it home where it changed the way every air force in the world flies and fights. Even today, more than 40 years later, nothing substantial has been added to the Aerial Attack Study.

... snip ...

he always won within 20secs, asked why "40secs" ... he said that there might be somebody in the world almost as good as he was and he might need the additional time.

Boyd posts & refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
Date: 23 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Some of the CTSS people went to the Project MAC on the 5th flr for MULTICS, others went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s). Original CP40/CMS virtual machine was done on 360/40 with hardware modifications for virtual memory. When 360/67s becomes available CP40/CMS morphs into CP67/CMS (later morphs into VM370/CMS).

CP67/CMS group splits off from the science center and takes over the IBM Boston Programming Center on the 3rd flr. The telco closet on the 3rd flr was on the IBM side (bldg. directory listed law office on other side), however the telco panels in the closet were clearly labeled IBM and CIA. When the group outgrows their side of the 3rd flr, they move out to the old/vacant SBC bldg at Burlington Mall.

Within a year of taking 2hr intro to fortran/computers, the univ. hires me fulltime to support IBM mainframe systems. They had been sold a 360/67 to replace 709/1401 to run TSS/360 ... but TSS/360 never came to production fruition ... so ran as 360/65 with OS/360. The univ. shutdown the datacenter from sat8am to mon8am ... and I had the place all to myself ... although 48hrs w/o sleep could make Monday morning classes a little hard. I got to redo a lot of OS/360 during this period.

Last week of Jan1968, three people from IBM CSC came out and installed CP67 (3rd installation after CSC and MIT Lincoln Labs) ... and it was mostly limited to my playing with it on weekends (I got to rewrite a whole lot of code). CP67 came with 2741 & 1052 support and did automagic terminal type setting the correct line scanner for a port with the controller SAD command. The univ had some number of ASCII/TTY33, so I added ascii terminal support to CP67 and then wanted a single number ... hunt group
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting
for all terminals. Didn't quite work since I could switch line scanner for each port, IBM had took short cut and hard wired line speed for each port. Thus was born univ. project to do a clone controller, built a mainframe channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate mainframe controller with the addition it could also do dynamic line speed determination. Later it was enhanced with Interdata/4 for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for the port interfaces. Interdata (and later Perkin/Elmer) sell it commercially as IBM clone controller. Four of us at the univ. get written up responsible for (some part of the) clone controller business.

IBM csc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

trivia: MIT Lincoln Labs had done LLMPS which was in the SHARE user group program library. MTS folklore is that initial implementation was scaffolded off LLMPS. Some information about LLMPS
http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/discussions/anecdotes-comments-observations/8-1someinformationaboutllmps
Did anything of LLMPS remain as part of UMMPS?
http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/discussions/anecdotes-comments-observations/8didanythingofllmpsremainaspartofummps

MTS did something similar for IBM controller with PDP8
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
other MTS lore
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html

In 1977 the CSC person responsible for the ibm internal network (not SNA, technology also used for the corporate sponsored univ. BITNET) and I transfer to IBM San Jose research, "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine) IBM's missed opportunity with the Internet
http://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm

I had HSDT project (T1 and faster speed computer links) starting in the early 80s. I was then working with the NSF director and was supposed to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers, then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding and the NSF director writes a the company a letter (with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least five years ahead of all RFP responses). Old archived post with preliminary announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.
... snip ...

as regional networks connect in, it grows into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet (and the access to large supercomputer datacenters also has morphed into access to large cloud megadatacenters)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
Date: 24 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#65 CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet

Oct. 1982, IBM SJR got the first/only (IBM) gateway to CSNET just before the great cutover over from ARPANET & IMPs to Internetworking protocol on 1jan1983 ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#email821022
more on the cutover
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#email821230
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#email830202

The later NSFNET (originally as supercomputer access network) was federal gov. funding and the issue was raised about using it for commercial purposes ... and so came the AUP (aka non-commercial use only). However, folklore is that the RFP funding only covered less than quarter of resources ... the rest "donated" by commercial interest that were in chicken&egg situation. To encourage use of the faster technology, they needed newer higher-bandwidth applications which required needing to significantly drop usage rates ... but that would mean that they would have to operate at a loss for several years (while new applications that used the faster technology were created). What effectively happened is institutions contributed resources to the NSFNET backbone that were greater than four times the winning RFP bid ... and got stipulation that could only be used for non-commercial activity (lots of AUPs, acceptable use policies) ... encouraging the growth of the new generation of high-bandwidth applications ... theoretically w/o damaging their commercial revenue (rate/use structure to cover their fixed run rate).

some past archived posts mentioning AUPs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#79 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#3 We need to talk about TED
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#18 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#52 Arthur C. Clarke Predicts the Internet, 1974
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#89 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#88 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#78 The culture of the pre-commercial Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#78 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#33 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#25 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#56 Grilled Turkey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#45 Arpa address
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#80 Al Gore and the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#29 Vint Cerf and Robert Kahn and their political opinions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#59 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

At the time of the great cutover (1Jan1983) there were approximately 100 IMPs and 255 connected host at the time the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 hosts spread all over the world (which it passes a few months later). In some sense ARPANET was limited by requiring (gov) IMPs. The equivalent limiting factor for the internal network was corporate required all links be encrypted ... which greated issues with gov. agencies, especially when links crossed national boundaries. Circa 1985, one of the major link encryptor companies claimed that the internal network had more than half of all link encryptors in the world. Old archived post with list of corporate sites around the world that added one or more networked hosts during 1983:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

In HSDT, I hated what I had to pay for T1 (1.5mbits/sec full-duplex, 3mbits/sec aggregate) link encryptors and faster link encryptors were almost impossible to find. I got involved in building link encryptors that supported up to 3mbytes/sec and cost less than $100 to make. The corporate crypto body initially claimed that it radically reduced the strength of the crypto standard. It took me three months to figure out how to explain that rather than weaker, it was actually stronger than the crypto standard. It was hallow victory, I was then told there was only one organization in the world allowed to use such crypto, I could make as many units as I wanted but they all had to be sent to an address in Maryland.

hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

At Interop '88 I had a PC/RT w/megapel screen in (not-IBM) booth in the corner of main area at right angles to the SUN booth. Case was in the SUN booth demo'ing SNMP ... got him to install also on the PC/RT. Sunday before the show starts and the floor nets were crashing ... turns out many machines were connected to multiple floor nets and were all acting as gateways and causing packet flooding. Gave rise to RFC1122:
An Internet host that includes embedded gateway code MUST have a configuration switch to disable the gateway function, and this switch MUST default to the non-gateway mode. In this mode, a datagram arriving through one interface will not be forwarded to another host or gateway (unless it is source-routed), regardless of whether the host is single-homed or multihomed. The host software MUST NOT automatically move into gateway mode if the host has more than one interface, as the operator of the machine may neither want to provide that service nor be competent to do so.
... snip ...

Old archived email from another research co-worker about obtaining class-a nine-dot address ... following interop 88 and in process of leaving IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#email881216

Interop '88 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88

The (SNA/VTAM) communication group was fighting hard to prevent the release of mainframe TCP/IP support ... when they lost that battle they changed their strategy. Since they had corporate strategic ownership of everything that cross the datacenter walls, the product had to be release through them. What shipped got 44kbytes/sec throughput using nearly a whole 3090 processor. I then did the enhancements for RFC1044 support and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between a Cray and 4341 got sustained channel media throughput using only modest amount of 4341 support (around 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed)

RFC1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
Date: 24 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#65 CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#66 CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet

trivia: one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... initially CP67 and later VM370. The development group in the morph from CP67->VM370 simplified and/or dropped a lot of features (not only multiprocessor support, but also a lot of stuff I had done as undergraduate in the 60s).

Note: Charlie invented compare&swap instruction at the science center when he was working on fine-grain multiprocessor locking (name chosen since CAS are Charlie's initials). Then CSC tried to get the 370 architecture owners to include it in 370. Initially it was rebuffed, they said the POK favorite son operating system people (MVT 360/65MP) said that test&set was sufficient. They said that additional justifications were needed besides kernel serialization ... thus was born the examples for multi-threaded applications (even running on single processor machines) that still appear in mainframe principles of operation.

old email about migrating from CP67->VM370 and staring to provide CSC/VM for internal datacenters.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

one of my long time customers were the online sales&marketing support HONE systems (heavily APL-based application) ... initially just US and then clones all over the world. In the mid-70s, the US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto (trivia, when FACEBOOK 1st moved into silicon valley, it was into a new bldg built next door to the old HONE datacenter) ... and expanded to eight 370/168s systems in loosely-coupled configuration sharing the same disk farm (with single system image load-balancing and fall-over). In part because of the extensive use of APL-base application that were CPU intensive, I migrated tightly-coupled multiprocessor support to VM370 so they could upgrade each of the eight loosely-coupled systems with a 2nd 168 processor.

CSC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
SMP, multiprocessor, compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TYMSHARE, VMSHARE, and Adventure

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: TYMSHARE, VMSHARE, and Adventure
Date: 24 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#65 CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#66 CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#67 CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet

TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
started offering their CMS-based online computer conferencing system to (ibm mainframe user group) SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
free starting in Aug1976, archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I cut a deal with them to get a monthly tape copy of all files for putting up on internal network and systems ... the biggest problem I had was with the lawyers afraid that internal employees might be contaminated exposed to customer information.

After transferring to SJR, I got to wander around lots of places, internal datacenters (including HONE) as well as customer locations and other places. One of the times I dropped into TYMSHARE they demonstrated a copy of ADVENTURE ... that they had copied from Standfor PDP10 to their PDP10 and then ported to VM370/CMS. I got a copy and started making available inside IBM.

online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

some past posts mentioning ADVENTURE:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#14 adventure ... nearly 20 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#57 The next big things that weren't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#18 The History of Computer Role-Playing Games
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#15 "Atuan" - Colossal Cave in APL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#12 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#16 looking for IBM's infamous "Lab computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#75 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#82 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#83 3270 Emulator Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#88 Baby Boomer Execs: Are you afraid of LinkedIn & Social Media?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#89 Make the mainframe work environment fun and intuitive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#33 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#41 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#85 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#66 Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#1 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Graphical Workstation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Graphical Workstation
Date: 24 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#32 IBM Graphical Workstation

Co-worker and good friend at Research left IBM and was doing lots of consulting work in Silicon Valley ... lots of optimization work on HSPICE ... also lots of work for senior engineering VP for large VSLI company. He did a lot of work on AT&T C compiler for IBM mainframe, fixing lots of bugs and significantly improving code optimization for mainframe ... and then ported a lot of the Berkeley VLSI tools from unix to mainframe. One day the IBM marketing rep stopped by and asked him what he was doing ... he said mainframe ethernet support for SGI graphics stations as front-end to IBM mainframes. The market rep said he should be doing token-ring instead or otherwise they might find their mainframe service not as timely as in the past. I then get a call and have to listen to an hour of four letter words. The next morning, the senior engineering VP has a press conference and says they are replacing all the mainframes with SUN servers. IBM then has whole slew of taskforces studying why silicon valley is moving off mainframes ... but they weren't allowed to considering how offensive IBM marketing reps were

past posts mentioning replacing IBM mainframes with sun servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#77 IBM Tokenring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#68 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#53 IBM Sales & Marketing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#64 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
Date: 24 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Actually science center 1st did CP40/CMS on a 360/40 that they had modified with virtual memory hardware. It wasn't until 360/67 standard with virtual memory was available that CP40/CMS morphs into CP67/CMS.

Then came 370 which didn't have any virtual memory. Decade ago, customer asked if I could track down the decision to add virtual memory to all 370s. The decision was based on needing much higher multiprogramming level for MVT (processors were getting much faster than disks were getting faster) ... however MVT storage management was so bad that region sizes needed to be four times larger than actually used. A typical 1mbyte 370/165 would only have four regions.
http://www.garclic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

Putting MVT in a 16mbyte virtual address space would allow increasing number of regions by four times with little or no paging ... not all that different from running MVT in a CP67 16mbyte virtual machine. Add a little bit of code to MVT to create its own 16mbyte virtual address space and little bit of (little used) code to handle paging. The biggest effort was channel programs were created by applications (or system libraries running in application space) and then invoking SVC0/EXCP to perform I/O. Moving to VS2 met all those channel programs had virtual addresses which needed to be converted to real addresses. A copy of CP67 CCWTRANS (which created copy of channel programs that had real addresses) was crafted into EXCP processing.

The plan was then for VS2 Release 2 (MVS) on the way to Future System VS2 Release 3 ... which never happened, FS imploded before things got that far. That left an enormous problem for MVS ... which gave every application 16mbyte virtual address space. However, OS/360 was extensive pointer-passing API and called routines (in kernel and subsystems in other address spaces) had to be able to access the parameters in the calling application virtual address space. The kernel issue was handled by mapping an 8mbyte kernel image into each application 16mbyte space (leaving 8mbytes for application). The subsystem issue was defining the "COMMON SEGMENT" that appeared in *every* address space for parameter lists ... where both the applications and the called subsystems could access (leaving 7mbytes for applications).

However, the size of the common segment area needed to be somewhat proportional to the number of subsystems and number of concurrent applications ... but since nobody planned on MVS being around that long ... it wasn't expected to be a problem. However, with the imploding FS ... now stuck with real problem. By late 70s, customer MVS 3033 systems had expanded to needing 5-6 megabytes for (parameter list) COMMON SEGMENT (renamed CSA, common system area) leaving only 2-3mbytes for applications ... and on the cliff of needing to increase to 8mbytes ... leaving no space for application.

FS planned to replace all 370 ... so during FS, internal politics was starting to kill off 370 efforts and the lack of 370 products during the FS period is credited with giving 370 clone system makers their market foothold. With the the implosion of FS, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... including kick off the 3033 & 3081 quick and dirty efforts in parallel ... some detail
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

... however, the mad rush for deliverable 370 products also threw most of the adtech groups into the development breach ... and it was several years before much adtech activity started to reappear.

Lot more history minutia in Melinda's Varian history at this website (scroll down to "VM History")
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/
VM and the VM Community: Past, Present, and Future (1997)
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/25paper.pdf
1991 version
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/neuvm.pdf

small piece of Melinda's history
"Lincoln had a role in the design of the time-sharing machine. I have a copy of IBM's response to Lincoln's Request for Quotation, which specified a Model 66. This machine was later to become the 360/67, but I don't know why the model number changed. A group of six sites (Lincoln Lab, University of Michigan, Carnegie University, Bell Labs, General Motors, and Union Carbide, I believe) had a non-disclosure agreement for the development of the 360/66. This group was called the 'Inner Six'. At one meeting in Yorktown Heights, we met with IBM people to discuss relocation hardware. We discussed whether an address should be 31 or 32 bits. We eventually voted and recommended 31 bits. We also discussed the design of the relocation register and had some heated discussions with the IBM team. The Inner Six met with IBM representatives behind closed doors at a SHARE meeting. We six sites discussed various features of TSS and made recommendations to IBM. This was the beginning of the SHARE TSS Project." (J.M. Winett, private communication, 1990.)
... snip ...

Science Center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

some comon segment/system area posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#36 IBM S/360 - 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#115 Assembler :- PC Instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#94 MVS Boney Fingers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#23 VS History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#92 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#40 Mainframe Family tree and chronology 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#78 Mainframe Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#116 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#90 IBM Embraces Virtual Memory -- Finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#60 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#46 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#40 OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#82 Do we really need 64-bit DP or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#39 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#36 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#86 z/OS physical memory usage with multiple copies of same load module at different virtual addresses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#83 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#62 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#71 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#15 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#22 Is Microsoft becoming folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#30 Regarding Time Sharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#21 8-bit bytes and byte-addressed machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#75 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#80 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#33 My Vintage Dream PC

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
Date: 25 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#70 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center

Within a year after taking intro to fortran/computers, univ hires me fulltime to be responsible for mainframe systems ... they had been sold 360/67 to replace 709/1401 for TSS/360 ... but TSS/360 never quite came to production fruition ... so ran as 360/65 with os/360. Univ. datacenter shutdown from sat8am to mon8am and I had the whole place to myself for 48hrs straight, although 48hrs w/o sleep could make monday morning classes difficult ... but I got to redo a lot of OS/360 during those periods. Early on, the IBM TSS/360 SE was stil around and sometimes I had to give up some of the weekend time ... while he attempted to show that TSS/360 was improving. Then 3rd week in JAN1968, 3 people from science center came out and installed CP67 (3rd installation after CSC and Lincoln Labs) ... and I got to play with it on weekends and rewrite lots of the code. Early on (before rewritting any of CP67 code) did a benchmark comparison with TSS/360 ... simulated edit, compile and execute ... he did it with TSS/360 with four simulated users and I did it with 35 simulated users and CP67 had better throughput and response time for 35 users than TSS/360 only running four users. Later that spring and summer rewrote lots of CP67 code and gave presentation on results at fall1968 SHARE meeting. Part of that presentation (in this old archived post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Original CP67 856-322=534 secs for running OS/360 benchmark, by that fall, I had got reduced to 435-322=113 secs ... rewrite of large portions of CP67.

CSC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Along the way, the univ library got an ONR (office naval research) grant to do an online catalog, part of the money went for 2321 datacell and the effort was also selected to be betatest site for CICS product and that got added to my tasks. Early problem was CICS wouldn't come up ... and w/o source it took me a couple days to track down the problem. Turns out CICS had hard coded some BDAM file options ... and the library had created their BDAM files with different set of options (and file opens were failing, the required BDAM file options hadn't been documented). Lots of CICS lore (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine).
https://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/http://www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm

CICS/BDAM posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
Date: 25 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#70 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#71 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center

At Interop 88 ... there were lots of booths with OSI apps ... parts of federal gov. had mandated Internet be eliminated and moved to GOSIP. I was also on the XTP Technical Advisory Board (despite enormous efforts by the communication group to block it). There were several gov. projects participated and they wanted an official ISO standard ... so started pitching to ANSI X3S3.3 (US sanctioned ISO standard group for networking) as HSP (high-speed protocol). Eventually X3S3.3 claimed that weren't allowed to standardize anything that didn't conform to OSI ... and XTP/HSP failed for 3 reasons: 1) XTP supported internetworking (which didn't exist in OSI), 2) XTP skipped the (OSI) transport/network interface and 3) XTP went directly to the MAC layer interface (which doesn't exist in OSI, sitting somewhere in the middle of layer3).

XTP did define reliable delivery in minimum of 3packet exchange (compared to TCP minimum of 7packet exchange). After leaving IBM and consulting at NETSCAPE ... doing the webserver to financial payment networks over internet (implementing electronic commerce) ... tried to interest them in XTP reliable ... rather than the overhead of TCP reliable.

Interop 88 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88
XTP/HSP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

trivia: after leaving IBM, Postel would let me help with some of the RFC stuff. He also sponsored my talk on "Why Internet Wasn't Business Critical Dataprocessing" (based on compensating procedures I had to do for electronic commerce at Netscape) at ISI & USC.

recent "Why Internet Wasn't Business Critical Datarocessing"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#24 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#113 Internet and Business Critical Dataprocessing

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
Date: 26 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
https://theintercept.com/2021/08/26/afghanistan-america-failures/
Who's to blame for the Afghanistan chaos? Remember the war's cheerleaders
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/aug/25/blame-afghanistan-war-media-intervention

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

some recent posts specifically mentioning Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#62 An Un-American Way of War: Why the United States Fails at Irregular Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#59 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#56 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#43 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#39 Republicans delete webpage celebrating Trump's deal with Taliban
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#38 $10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#2 The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#99 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#22 What America Didn't Understand About Its Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#7 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#66 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#64 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#82 The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#30 Trump and Republican Party Racism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#143 "Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#135 Permanent Record

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"Safe" Internet Payment Products

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: "Safe" Internet Payment Products
Date: 26 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

Early in the century (20+ yrs ago) there was a number of "safe" internet payment products being pitched to major merchants (accounted for 70-80% of all internet financial transactions). Merchants had been indoctrinated for decades about fraud surcharge for merchants with higher fraud rate ... and internet was one of the higher surcharges ... merchants were anticipating that "safe" products would result in 90% cut in what they were paying for electronic transactions. Then came the cognitive dissonance ... the financial institutions then said that instead of eliminating the fraud "surcharge" for safe internet payment products, that wanted to add a safe "surcharge" on top of the existing fraud "surcharge" ... and the whole thing falls apart (somewhat for decades financial institutions were providing products that weren't fraud safe, and charging the merchants for the fraud ... then they wanted to introduce "safe" products ... continue the fraud surcharge and them be rewarded for introducing safe products). Part of the issue, the fraud surcharges came to represent a significant part of their bottom line for those institutions (they came to realize that they make enormous profit off fraud).

the other issue was card financial fraud was low hanging fruit *AND* the financial institutions could bill the merchants for it (at a profit), eliminating that fraud, crooks would move to next which was opening new accounts with fraudulent identification. If it was real identity theft, they could foist the cost off onto the real person (although it would be also violation of federal "know your customer" mandates) ... but increasingly it has been synthetic fraudulent identification, not associated with any real person and the financial institutions would have to bear the costs.

Risck, fraud, exploit, threats, vulnerabilities, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud

Another compounding problem was about the same time, industry tried to extend their POS (at the time "YES CARD") chipcards to consumer market (for "safe" internet) .. even giving away "free" (serial port) chipcard readers. In the mid-90s, at industry conference, financial institutions were giving presentations that they were moving "dial-up" banking to the Internet. The major motivation was the enormous customer support problems with serial port modems ... typical was inventory of >60 device drivers for different modems, different operating systems, different releases ... and still after market installation could result in bricking the customer system requiring reinstallation. Moving to the Internet allowed foisting all those problems off onto the ISP. It was only a few years later that somebody got fire sale on serial port card readers that they were giving away free to consumers ... and the resulting enormous support problems (all industry knowledge about serial port issues apparently having evaporated) resulting in rapidly spreading rumor in the financial industry that chipcards weren't feasible in the consumer market. It was also about this time that m'soft canceled its smartcard efforts.

dialup banking posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#dialup.banking

Note: we had done one of the "safe" products, I was co-author of X9.59 electronic financial standard and had designed a supporting chip. My wife pulled together a conference in redmond with debit card network operators, m'soft people that been involved in smartcard efforts, some m'soft security people and some others to see if there was anyway could could turn the rumor tide ... that the chipcard problem in the consumer market wasn't the chipcards but the serial port readers. We previously had Compaq lined up to start shipping all their PCs with a chipcard reader integrated into their keyboards along with one of my chipcards. All that collapses with pullback by the financial industry from chipcards in the consumer market.

X9.59 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959
chip posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aadsstraw

further compounding problem were industry POS chips, ref to IBM SDA chip&pin ("YES CARD") deployment for Safeway UK in 1997, original IBM artcile gone 404 ... but lives on at wayback machine: EMV migration compliance for banking from IBM
https://web.archive.org/web/20061106193736/http://www-03.ibm.com/industries/financialservices/doc/content/solution/1026217103.html

There was a large POS pilot deployment of "YES CARD" on the east coast and I tried to warn them of the problems ... but they were so myopically focused on chip integrity, they couldn't recognize the introduction of a system vulnerability ... and needed to learn it the hardway. In the wake of the "YES CARD", all evidence of the pilot disappears w/o a trace and it was forecast that it would be many years before it was tried in the US again. Reference to "YES CARD" presentation cartes2002 in this trip report (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

I didn't make cartes 2002, but those doing the "YES CARD" presentation came by to review their analysis and left me a copy of the presentation ... but it has "proprietary" on every page. At the 2003 ATM (cash card) Integrity Task Force meeting, a Federal LEO gave a detailed presentation about "YES CARD" and associated fraud. During the presentation, somebody in the audience made the comment that "they managed to spend billions of dollars to prove chips were less secure than magstripe").

"yes card" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

Note lead technical director reporting to DDI for Information Assurance Directorate was doing a panel in the Trusted Computing track at IDF ... and asked me to give a talk on my chip (the guy running trusted computing TPM was in the front row so I quipped that it was nice to see his chip looking more and more like mine, he quipped back that I didn't have a committee of 200 people helping me) ... gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine (had none of the vulnerrabilities of the industry chips)
http://web.archive.org/web/20010801203303/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp%2bs13

NACHA had also done a pilot with some chips programmed to emulate my design (July 23, 2001)
http://web.archive.org/web/20070706004855/http://internetcouncil.nacha.org/News/news.html
details
http://web.archive.org/web/20070706004855/http://internetcouncil.nacha.org/docs/ISAP-Pilot-Final.doc

trusted computing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#trusted.computing
w some "safe" internent payment specific posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#7 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#12 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#58 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#55 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#17 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#77 In a Cyber Breach, Who Pays, Banks or Retailers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#60 Target Offers Free Credit Monitoring Following Security Breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#32 Use another browser - Kaspersky follows suit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#3 Quitting Top IBM Salespeople Say They Are Leaving In Droves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 Password shortcomings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#15 Wicked Problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#39 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#38 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#56 Does outsourcing cause data loss?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#58 Pipeline and Network Security: Protecting a Series of Tubes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#11 Credit cards with a proximity wifi chip can be as safe as walking around with your credit card number on a poster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#48 Is the United States the weakest link when it comes to credit card security?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

China Is Serving Up for America. Beijing's push to build an entire industry from scratch helps inform how the White House should proceed

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: China Is Serving Up for America. Beijing's push to build an entire industry from scratch helps inform how the White House should proceed.
Date: 26 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
China Is Serving Up for America. Beijing's push to build an entire industry from scratch helps inform how the White House should proceed.
https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2021/05/joe-biden-china-infrastructure/618921/
That's exactly what worries Washington. Fueled by government largesse, China's electric-vehicle sector has raced ahead of America's, sparking fears that the United States has fallen dangerously behind its chief rival in a crucial future industry. China's "state capitalism" (Beijing prefers "socialism with Chinese characteristics") is rewriting the rules of how countries and companies compete in the global economy. All governments place their thumb on the scale to favor homegrown firms--recall the Obama administration's bailout of General Motors--but China bends entire markets to a degree unimaginable in the more laissez-faire U.S. By offering funds and protection for nascent, high-tech industries including electric cars, as well as chips, AI, and a host of other futuristic sectors, the Chinese government could potentially swamp the world with subsidized products.
... snip ...

... note, fall 2008 (before Obama administration), SECTRES pressures Congress to appropriate TARP funds to buy TBTF (too big to fail) off-book toxic assets ... however just the four largest TBTF were still carrying $5.2T in offbook toxic assets YE2008 and the $700B would barely touch the problem ... the TBTF was left to the Federal Reserve, buying trillions in offbook toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP fund.

Things had started out with securitizing mortgages and loans and paying rating agencies for triple-A rating (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony), enabling selling off over $27T 2001-2008 into the bond market. Then they realized they could design securitized instruments to fail, pay for triple-A, and sell off into the bond market, and take out bets they would fail. AIG was the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTRES steps in, forces them to take TARP funds to pay off at face value (and sign a document that they can't sue those making the bets). The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs was the firm formally headed by the SECTRES.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail ("too big to prosecute", "too big to jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
ZIRP fund posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
Federal Reserve and fedres chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

1970s, congress passed import quotas on foreign cars, reducing foreign competition and giving US makers enormous profits that they were supposed to use to completely remake themselves. Japanese makers determine that with the quota limits, they can sell that many high priced cars ... switching their product line from low-end to upscale ... import quotas and the foreign move to upscale market significantly reduced price competition further allowing US price increases (and enormous more profits). From the law of unintended consequences, the pricing met moving from 36m loans to 60m & 72m loans ... but financial institutions were resistant because quality of US cars wouldn't last the loan lifetime. However, US makers, rather than remaking themselves, they just pocketing the profits and continued business as usual ... in the first half of the 80s, there was call for 100% unearned profit tax on US makers ... since the profits came as result of the congressional import quotas and weren't being used for the "intended" purpose. Other TARP funds were then springled around various places somewhat for show.

1990, there was an US auto industry "C4" task force to look at (finally?) complete make-over and because they were planning on making extensive use of IT technology, they asked IT companies to send representatives to the task force ... I was one of the members from IBM (representing the AWD/workstation/rs6000 side of the company). One of the issues was that US was taking 7-8yrs elapsed time to role out a new car model (typically with two efforts running in parallel, offset by 3-4yrs so it looked like something more often ... with cosmetic changes in intervening yrs). Foreign makers had cut that elapsed time in half during the 80s (to 3-4yrs) and were in the process of cutting it in half again (18m-24m) ... allowing them to respond to technology changes and customer preferences much more quickly. One example used was tight space tolerances in Corvette ... where supplier parts changed over 7-8yr interval, resulting in parts no longer fitting in original design ... with expensive redesign and delay. Offline, I would chide mainframe brethren about what could they figure to contribute since they suffered some of the same problems. As later seen with the bailouts nearly two decades later, US still continued business as usual (even though it was clear everything that needed to be done).

auto industry C4 task force posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"Safe" Internet Payment Products

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: "Safe" Internet Payment Products
Date: 26 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#74 "Safe" Internet Payment Products

In late 90s & early century ... all sorts of technology companies wanting to get into payments taking a dollar or two off every transaction (except micropayments) ... but didn't want any liability or responsibility ... some part of the more than bare bones cost of performing a transaction was financial institutions taking financial responsibility (aka tech companies that wanted the profits with none of the liability).

There were a number of EU chip programs that I was asked to size, design, and cost transaction processing infrastructures for ... but going into the business cases further found that some were skimming the funds in various ways.

Several were "stored value" chip cards that advertised cost savings by being able to do offline transactions ... but they were really there to skim the float on the unspent deposited funds. Many of them evaporated after the EU central bank mandated that they only got to keep the float as part of covering startup costs ... after that they would have to start paying interest on the unspent money (sort of treating unspent "stored value" as if it was savings account) ... after which most of them disappeared.

various old posts mentioning "stored value"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#44 Methods of payment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#43 Methods of payment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#39 Methods of payment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#12 US fiscal policy (Was: Bob Bemer, Computer Pioneer,Father of ASCII,Invento
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#33 RSA vs AES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#54 Smartcards and devices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#47 Disk capacity and backup solutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#34 YKYBHTLW
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#14 So how does it work... (public/private key)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#55 Beware, Intel to embed digital certificates in Banias
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#19 A new e-commerce security proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#17 A new e-commerce security proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#69 Digital signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#40 e-commerce future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#35 Security and e-commerce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#34 Security and e-commerce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#23 Opinion on smartcard security requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#22 Opinion on smartcard security requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#18 Opinion on smartcard security requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#14 EMV cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#41 Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#36 economic trade off in a pure reader system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#24 Opinion on smartcard security requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#23 Opinion on smartcard security requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#22 Opinion on smartcard security requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#4 Smart Card vs. Magnetic Strip Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay12.htm#0 Four Corner model. Was: Confusing Authentication and Identification? (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#70 Confusing Authentication and Identiification? (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#69 Confusing Authentication and Identiification?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#28 Solving the problem of micropayments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#27 Solving the problem of micropayments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#65 eBay Customers Targetted by Credit Card Scam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#10 InfoSpace Buys ECash Technologies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmore.htm#eleccash re:The Law of Digital Cash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm9.htm#smallpay Small/Secure Payment Business Models
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm9.htm#cfppki12 CFP: PKI research workshop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm7.htm#idcard2 AGAINST ID CARDS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm7.htm#pcards4 FW: The end of P-Cards?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#pcards2 The end of P-Cards? (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#terror12 [FYI] Did Encryption Empower These Terrorists?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#digcash IP: Re: Why we don't use digital cash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#49 Price point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#1 2008: The year of hack the vote?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#42 The bank fraud blame game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#15 307 digit number factored
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#51 The One True Identity -- cracks being examined, filled, and rotted out from the inside
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#48 Governance of anonymous financial services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#44 Governance of anonymous financial services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#31 On-card displays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#52 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#56 UK Detects Chip-And-PIN Security Flaw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#23 Payment systems - the explosion of 1995 is happening in 2006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#19 Petrol firm suspends chip-and-pin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#10 thoughts on one time pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#12 Payment Tokens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#1 Is there any future for smartcards?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#44 massive data theft at MasterCard processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#39 massive data theft at MasterCard processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#38 massive data theft at MasterCard processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#17 What happened with the session fixation bug?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#39 Financial identity is *dangerous*? (was re: Fake companies, real money)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#38 How to store the car-valued bearer bond? (was Financial identity...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#12 Difference between TCPA-Hardware and a smart card (was: example: secure computing kernel needed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#6 x9.59
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#5 Is cryptography where security took the wrong branch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#3 Is cryptography where security took the wrong branch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#0 invoicing with PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#35 The real problem that https has conspicuously failed to fix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#33 An attack on paypal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#30 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#28 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#17 Payments as an answer to spam (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#35 How effective is open source crypto? (bad form)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#27 How effective is open source crypto?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#51 Frist Data Unit Says It's Untangling Authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#31 The Bank-model Was: Employee Certificates - Security Issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#29 Proposal: A replacement for 3D Secure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#straw AADS Strawman

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM XT/370

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM XT/370
Date: 27 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Endicott sent me PC/XT with the attached XT/370 board/case. I did quite a few performance and throughput studies. CP67/CMS used to run in 256kbte 360/67 ... and XT/370 had 384kbyte 370 memory ... but in over 15yr period, vm370 and CMS got significantly bloated. Part of the bloat was masked because processors and disks got so much faster. XT/370 did all its I/O via interprocessor communication with the 8088 which then did the actual I/O ... with disk i/o running at 100ms access (10/sec) for both CMS file i/o and paging ... adversely affected by many cms applications page thrashing in the 384kbyte memory. I did some rewrite of kernel and paging algorithms for the memory constrained environment ... which helped a little.

Endicott then blames me for slip in announce/delivery schedule upgrading the memory to 512kbyte which help some.

Note in the late 70s (well before IBM/PC), an IBM SE in LA reimplements CMS SCRIPT (document formater "dot" commands and GML) for Radio Shack ... and does it w/o the significant program size bloat and disk intensive file I/O that was increasing characteristic of mainframe software.

paging algorithm posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

a few post posts mentioning xt/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#39 If Memory Had Been Cheaper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#28 XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#48 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#19 68k, where it went wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#82 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#81 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#7 SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#29 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#18 June 1985 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#48 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#28 The joy of simplicity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#24 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#67 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#8 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#31 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#30 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#18 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#10 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#8 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#79 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#77 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#74 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#53 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#42 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#27 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#64 JCL CROSS-REFERENCE Utilities (OT for Paul, Rick, and Shmuel)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#27 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal network

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Internal network
Date: 27 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
1000 nodes, vnet 1983 ibm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/vnet1000.jpg

1983 1000

... old, archived post of corporate locations that added one or more nodes during 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8
part of it was the explosion in vm/4341 systems.

one of the rex historical references (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20050309184016/http://www.computinghistorymuseum.org/ieee/af_forum/read.cfm?forum=10&id=21&thread=7
By far the most important influence on the development of Rexx was the availability of the IBM electronic network, called VNET. In 1979, more than three hundred of IBM's mainframe computers, mostly running the Virtual Machine/370 (VM) operating system, were linked by VNET. This store-and-forward network allowed very rapid exchange of messages (chat) and e-mail, and reliable distribution of software. It made it possible to design, develop, and distribute Rexx and its first implementation from one country (the UK) even though most of its users were five to eight time zones distant, in the USA.
... snip ...

part of 1977 map
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/vnet1977.jpg

1977 network map

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

re: VNET also had support for the internal SPM interface which enabled (among other things) instant messaging communication around the internal network. SPM was originally implemented by the Pisa scientific center on CP67 and then migrated to VM370 ... old email of having included SPM in my internal enhanced CSC/VM (moved from CP67 to VM370 ... including lots of stuff that had been dropped by the development group in the morph to VM370).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

SPM was a superset of (later product) combination of VMCF, IUCV and SMSG. Old archived description of CMS SPMS (to use SPM) ... also used in conjunction with various automated system implementations like automated operator.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#16
a couple other archived SPM posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#104 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#42 1969 networked word processor "Astrotype"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal network

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Internal network
Date: 27 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#78 IBM Internal network

the references for CP67->VM370 migration for my internal CSC/VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430
... also included the "autolog" command that I had originally done for automated benchmarking ... but became enabler for a lot of automation and service virtual machines and was picked up with misc. other pieces from CSC/VM for inclusion in VM370 release 3 ... posts mentioning automated benchmarking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#benchmark

misc past posts mentioning service virtual machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#46 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#104 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#37 CMS style XMITMSG for Unix and other platforms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#62 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#82 Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#77 Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#17 IBM Destination z - What the Heck Is JCL and Why Does It Look So Funny?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#25 another question about TSO edit command
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#93 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#85 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#49 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#18 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#2 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#1 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#38 1969 networked word processor "Astrotype"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#17 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#7 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#64 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#24 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#56 VAXen on the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#48 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#35 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#33 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#26 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#25 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#0 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#74 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#73 LPARs: More or Less?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Warthog/A-10

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Warthog/A-10
Date: 27 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Warthog's GAU 8 Gatling Gun Is Bad-Ass Lethal Weapon-Watch It In Action. The A-10's "flying cannon" and its 30mm shells makes it a friend to U.S. ground troops and a nightmare to the enemy.
https://avgeekery.com/the-warthogs-gau-8-gatling-gun-is-a-lethal-weapon/

A New Conception of War
https://www.usmcu.edu/Outreach/Marine-Corps-University-Press/Books-by-topic/MCUP-Titles-A-Z/A-New-Conception-of-War/
PDF->kindle, loc835:
In this case, Boyd busied himself with two side projects. In the first, he became the E-M sounding board for his associate, defense analyst Pierre Sprey, who worked on the contentious A-X project for the Air Force at the Pentagon. A-X--the Air Force's effort to design a dedicated close air support (CAS) airframe--was a schizophrenic project. Air Force leaders were not enthusiastic about the CAS mission, as it took resources away from their real missions of air superiority and nuclear weapons delivery; but they did not want the Army to take over that mission, because that would also cost the Air Force money, not to mention the humiliation of losing a core mission to a different Service branch. 61 Boyd helped Sprey validate the maneuverability calculations for the aircraft that became the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II. Boyd's immediate impact on the A-X project proved less important than what he took away from it: namely, an interest in German tactics during World War II that arose from his interviews with former Luftwaffe pilots in the course of developing the A-X. This interest would pay dividends in Boyd's work on conflict theory, which is discussed later.

loc1783-88:
Boyd's collaboration with associate Pierre Sprey on the development of the A-10 close air support (CAS) aircraft sparked his exploration of history. The project was Sprey's, with Sprey consulting Boyd on performance analysis, E-M Theory, and views on warfare in general. When designing the A-10, Sprey had to determine what aircraft features provided the firepower and loiter time required by ground forces, while also granting survivability against the enemy ground fire that would inevitably be directed against it.4The German Wehrmacht had pioneered both the design and employment of dedicated CAS aircraft in World War II.
... snip ...

Boyd passes in 1997 and Pierre passes earlier this month.

In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/10/in-pursuit-of-clarity-the-intellect-and-intellectual-integrity-of-pierre-sprey/
My friend Pierre Sprey, who died suddenly on August 4, is being justly commemorated for his leading role in forcing the US air force, much against its will, to produce two weapons, the F-16 fighter and A-10 ground support plane, that perform their missions effectively, and at low cost. These were indeed remarkable victories over an entrenched bureaucracy more intent on protecting its own perceived interests rather than defending the country. More importantly, they served to illustrate Pierre's extraordinary strengths in intellect and character, which he applied to far more than the design of weapons.
... snip ...

POGO Remembers Pierre Sprey, Pentagon Provocateur and Mentor
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/08/pogo-remembers-pierre-sprey-pentagon-provocateur-and-mentor/

Another Boyd acolyte, was graduate of first USAF academy class when he says Boyd destroyed his career by challenging him to do what was right, ... later wrote a book
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/
HBO turned into movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
related NYT article: Corrupt from top to bottom
https://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html

GAO Air Effectiveness Study
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134
says that A10s fired one million 30mm shells in Desert Storm, that they were so effective taking out Iraqi tanks that their crews were walking away from them (as sitting ducks). The stories of horrific tank battles with coalition forces taking no damage, don't mention if the Iraqi tanks had anybody home. Burton has said that he got 30mm shells cut from nearly $100/shell to $13 (the one million shells would be $13M, least expensive of all Desert Storm). Burton in the past has suggested a mini-A10 with only a five barrel gun (that could be forward deployed and maintained), but these days would more likely be UAV.

Gulf War, 1991 17Jan-28Feb, only last 100hrs was land war, Boyd has been credited with the (land) battle plan. There have been lots of explanations and excuses why Boyd's left hook failed and the Army M1 Abrams weren't in position to trap the retreating Republican Guard ... I would say that can add that Boyd possibly didn't realize how tightly tethered the M1 Abrams were to their supply and maintenance.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War

Boyd quote
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"
... snip ...

another Boyd quote/saying:
There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question
... snip ...

Boyd posts/refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

somewhat recent posts mentiong warthog/a-10:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#12 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#1 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#51 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#36 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#40 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#77 Cancel the F-35, Fund Infrastructure Instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#96 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#12 Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Loathed Lean?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#130 Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#83 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#89 16 years ago, the US invaded Iraq -- CIA agents already on the ground knew it would be a disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#28 Army Releases a Critical History of the War in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#12 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#82 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#81 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#80 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#57 NATO is a Goldmine for the US/Military Industrial Complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#74 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#2 FY18 budget deal yields life-sustaining new wings for the A-10 Warthog
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#79 What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#75 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#74 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#31 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#58 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#1 How Desert Storm Destroyed the US Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#2 IBM 1970s

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088
Date: 28 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088. Intel was inside the first personal computer, but how and why it got picked is sometimes a matter of contention.
https://www.pcmag.com/news/why-the-ibm-pc-used-an-intel-8088

8bit computing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8-bit_computing
The first widely adopted 8-bit microprocessor was the Intel 8080, being used in many hobbyist computers of the late 1970s and early 1980s, often running the CP/M operating system; it had 8-bit data words and 16-bit addresses. The Zilog Z80 (compatible with the 8080) and the Motorola 6800 were also used in similar computers. The Z80 and the MOS Technology 6502 8-bit CPUs were widely used in home computers and second- and third-generation game consoles of the 1970s and 1980s. Many 8-bit CPUs or microcontrollers are the basis of today's ubiquitous embedded systems.
... snip ...

trivia: CMS was precursor to personal computing; before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was Seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before Seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing cp/m, kildall worked on cp/67-cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

note: some of the MIT CTSS people went to the 5th flr to Project MAC to do MULTICS (which also spawns UNIX, periodically described as simplified MULTICS). Other of the CTSS people went to IBM science center on the 4th flr and did CP40/CMS (on 360/40 with hardware modifications supporting virtual memory, which morphs into CP67/CMS when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available), lots of online apps, invented GML in 1969 (morphs into ISO standard SGML a decade later and after another decade morphs into HTML at CERN), bunch of performance & optimization work.

ibm science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
gml, sgml, html posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

other recent IBM/PC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#76 IBM OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#33 IBM/PC 12Aug1981
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#35 IBM/PC 12Aug1981

original article, 2011; Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088
https://uk.pcmag.com/opinion/111756/why-the-ibm-pc-used-an-intel-8088

2020; History of the Microprocessor and the Personal Computer, Part 3. IBM PC Model 5150 and the Attack of the Clones
https://www.techspot.com/article/893-history-of-the-personal-computer-part-3/
The original intention seems to have been to use an 8-bit processor, which would have allowed MOS Tech's 6502, Zilog's Z80, and Intel's 8085 to be considered. However, IBM engineers favored the use of 16-bit, as did Bill Gates, who lobbied IBM to use 16-bit to fully showcase the operating system he was developing , while the arrival of 32-bit architectures from Motorola and National Semiconductor (the 68000 and 16032 respectively) were set to enter production outside of the one year deadline.
... snip ...

2017; The complete history of the IBM PC, part one: The deal of the century. Bill Gates, mysterious deaths, and the business machine that sparked a home revolution.
https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2017/06/ibm-pc-history-part-1/
The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes. The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS.
https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2017/07/ibm-pc-history-part-2/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal network

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Internal network
Date: 28 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#78 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#79 IBM Internal network

IBM internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

... and previous posted ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#85 Mainframe mid-range computing market

summer 1982, I spent several weeks in Europe giving one week VM/370 classes at various locations. One was at Orleans lab ... a lot of the people associated with doing (VM/)BOIS (France distributed branch office information system). I then did a trip report with quite a bit devoted to BOIS. Now I was already being sanctioned, blamed for online computer conferencing in the late 70s and early 80s on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) ... and apparently communication group was now also complaining I was singing the praises of distributed computing and BOIS success.

online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

... and the corporate sponsored university network (using internal network technology) and EARN in Europe.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_Research_Network

Date: 03/20/84 15:15:41
To: wheeler

Hello Lynn,

I have left LaGaude last September for a 3 years assignement to IBM Europe, where I am starting a network that IBM helps the universities to start.

This network, called EARN (European Academic and Research Network), is, roughly speaking, a network of VM/CMS machines, and it looks like our own VNET. It includes some non IBM machines (many VAX, some CDC, UNIVAC and some IBM compatible mainframes). EARN is a 'brother' of the US network BITNET to which it is connected.

EARN is starting now, and 9 countries will be connected by June. It includes some national networks, such as JANET in U.K., SUNET in Sweden.

I am now trying to find applications which could be of great interest for the EARN users, and I am open to all ideas you may have. Particularly, I am interested in computer conferencing.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

bitnet (& EARN) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

... also gave presentation SEAS 5-10Oct1986 (European SHARE, IBM mainframe user group ... history of performance ... was suppose to be an hour ... but ran over ... so spent another couple hrs that evening. gave presentation again at (DC user group) Hillgang 16Mar2011
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/hill0316g.pdf

past posts reference SEAS &/or hillgang presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#46 6-10Oct1986 SEAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#65 SHARE (& GUIDE)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#41 Teaching IBM Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#61 HSDT SFS (spool file rewrite)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#17 Performance History, 5-10Oct1986, SEAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#4 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#52 Some IBM Research RJ reports
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#93 OT: Electrician cuts wrong wire and downs 25,000 square foot data centre
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#18 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#3 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#88 Hillgang -- VM Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#86 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#72 A History of VM Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#77 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#83 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#40 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#38 old modems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#17 old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#12 user group meetings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#0 tty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#74 bulletin board
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#64 terminal type and queue drop delay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#63 tty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#37 Hillgang user group presentation yesterday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#81 big iron mainframe vs. x86 servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#72 tape blocking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#37 Fixed-Point and Scientific Notation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal network

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Internal network
Date: 28 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#78 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#79 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#82 IBM Internal network

The last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP, it originally started out as HA/6000 for NYTimes to enable them porting their newspaper system (ATEX) from VAX/Cluster to IBM. When I started doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP. Old reference to Jan1992 meeting on commercial cluster scaleup in (Oracle CEO) conference room (16-way by mid-1992, 128-way by ye1992).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
Within a few weeks, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM Supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Sometime later, we are brought in as consultants into a small client/server startup. Two of the former Oracle people (in the Jan1992 Ellison meeting) are there responsible for something called "commerce server" and they want to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology they called "SLL", they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

I had absolute authority of everything between webservers and financial payment networks. The payment networks trouble desk for incoming leased and dialed lines which had to be extended to servicing internet connections also ... up until then they had standard for being able to do 1st level problem determination within five minutes. Early webserver pilot reported problem and after three hrs was close as NTF (no trouble found) ... not because it started working ... but because they couldn't diagnose. I then had to do a great deal of compensating and diagnostic software & procedures.

also after leaving IBM, Postel (internet RFC standards editor)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Postel
would let me help with some of the RFC stuff. He also sponsored my talk on "Why Internet Wasn't Business Critical Data Processing" (based on compensating procedures I had to do for electronic commerce at Netscape) at ISI & USC.

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

recent posts mentioning Postel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#72 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#34 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#24 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#66 The Case Against SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#74 WEB Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#56 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#7 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#16 The Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#68 Online History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#30 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#113 Internet and Business Critical Dataprocessing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#8 IBM TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#3 Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#25 Are we all now dinosaurs, out of place and out of time?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal network

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Internal network
Date: 28 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#78 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#79 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#82 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#83 IBM Internal network

Starting in early 80s, one of my projects was HSDT, T1 & faster computer links and working with the director of NSF. We were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers, but then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). IBM internal politics prevent us from bidding, NSF director tries to help by writing IBM a letter (with support from other agencies), copying the IBM CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.
... snip ...

as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

nsfnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

I've recently posted in a arpanet/internet group about the great cut-over from IMPs/host to internetworking protocol on 1/jan1983 ... where they had 100 IMP network nodes and 250 connected hosts (at time internal network was rapidly nearing 1000 nodes). One of the things inhibit arpanet nodes was needing to get a gov. IMP. Internetworking eliminated that and number nodes passed the internal network sometime mid/late 80s. One of the reasons was the appearance of TCP/IP for workstation&PC nodes while the IBM communication group was fiercely fighting to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm. The other issue was corporate required link encryptors which would run into gov. agency resistance, especially when links crossed national boundaries (major crypto link vendor claimed in 1985 that IBM internal network had half of all link encryptors in the world).

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

In HSDT, I really hated what I had to pay for T1 link encryptors and faster link encryptors were almost impossible to find ... prompting me to get involved in doing board that ran at 3mbytes/sec (not mbits) and cost less than $100 to build. At first the corporate crypto group said it seriously weakened the crypto standard. It took me three months to figure out how to explain than seriously weaker, it was significantly stronger. It was a hollow victory, they said that there was only organization in the world allowed to use such crypto, I could make as many boards as I wanted to, but they all had to be sent to an address in Maryland.

hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

some past link encryptor posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#69 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#40 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The SEC is Allowing 5-Count Felon JPMorgan Chase to Trade Its Own Bank Stock in its Own Dark Pools

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The SEC is Allowing 5-Count Felon JPMorgan Chase to Trade Its Own Bank Stock in its Own Dark Pools
Date: 28 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
The SEC is Allowing 5-Count Felon JPMorgan Chase to Trade Its Own Bank Stock in its Own Dark Pools
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/27/the-sec-is-allowing-5-count-felon-jpmorgan-chase-to-trade-its-own-bank-stock-in-its-own-dark-pools/
JPMorgan Chase is unique among the mega banks on Wall Street - and not in a good way. It owns the largest federally-insured bank in the United States despite a rap sheet that would make the Gambino crime family jealous. It has been charged by the U.S. Department of Justice with five felony counts since 2014, admitting to all of them. Its Board of Directors has left the same man, Jamie Dimon, at the helm of the bank as Chairman and CEO, throughout those five felony counts.

JPMorgan Chase is also the only American bank to ever be fined for using depositors' money to gamble in derivatives in London and lose $6.2 billion of that money. (Jamie Dimon was Chairman and CEO at the bank then as well.)

JPMorgan Chase is the only federally-insured bank in the United States to be charged with two felony counts for helping to facilitate the largest Ponzi scheme in history - the Bernie Madoff looting of thousands of investors.

... snip ...

too big to fail ("too big to prosecute", "too big to jail")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
offbook, triple-A rated, toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
economic mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

posts mentioning Jamie Dimon:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#17 Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#14 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#13 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#12 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#11 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#112 Jamie Dimon's $13 Billion Secret--Revealed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#108 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#106 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#61 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55 Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#47 McCain: Send Petraeus back to Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#67 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#60 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#57 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#2 IBM Relevancy in the IT World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#0 JPMorgan Caught in Swirl of Regulatory Woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#15 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#42 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#19 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#76 IBM Spent A Million Dollars Renovating And Staffing Its Former CEO's Office
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#35 Ex-Bailout Watchdog: JPMorgan's Actions "Entirely Consistent With Fraud"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#17 "JP MORGAN SAW ITSELF AS ABOVE THE REGULATORS" Do you agree?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#4 Live-Blogging Senate Hearing Tomorrow, When J.P. Morgan Chase Will Be Torn a New One
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#65 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#36 JPMorgan Chase slammed by regulators for control failings after botched derivatives bet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#31 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#50 The Games Played By JP Morgan Chase
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#29 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#45 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#87 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#82 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#9 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#24 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#21 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
Date: 28 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#70 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#71 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#72 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center

Many TCP/IP stacks had linear search of finwait during session close. With HTTP transaction being layered on TCP for reliable ... as webserver workloads increased, there was enormous explosion in the number of closing session on the finwait list ... and started seeing webserver cpu spending 90+% of the time running the finwait list. NETSCAPE started adding more and more servers and lots of anquish over how to load balance across all the servers. Finally NETSCAPE installed a Sequent server ... which had previously addressed the finwait list scanning overhead in Dynix for other environments ... and things settled down. It was another six months or so before starting to see "fixes" for other platforms.

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

a few recent posts mentioning finwait
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#29 Quic gives the internet's data transmission foundation a needed speedup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#74 21 random but totally appropriate ways to celebrate the World Wide Web's 30th birthday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#102 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#63 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#45 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#54 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#52 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#127 Early Networking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#43 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#113 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#71 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#50 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#2 Knowledge Center Outage May 3rd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#76 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#26 There Is Still Hope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#13 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives

a few much earlier finwait posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#52 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#164 Uptime (was Re: Q: S/390 on PowerPC?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#1 Early tcp development?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#19 Hamiltonian path as protection against DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#17 Hamiltonian path as protection against DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#21 Reliable Connections Are Not

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
Date: 28 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
https://www.amazon.com/Kill-Chain-Defending-America-High-Tech-ebook/dp/B07W56RZCN/
pgxviii/loc181-85:
It involves three steps: The first is gaining understanding about what is happening. The second is making a decision about what to do. And the third is taking action that creates an effect to achieve an objective. And though that effect may involve killing, more often the result is all kinds of non-violent and non-lethal actions that are essential to prevailing in war or military contests short of war. Indeed, better understanding, decisions, and actions are what enable militaries to prevent unnecessary loss of life—both their own people and innocent civilians.

pgxx/loc204-6:
Though the challenge of understanding, deciding, and acting in warfare is timeless, kill chain is a relatively new term that is linked to the information revolution, which began in the 1980s. Prior to the information revolution, the kill chain was largely concentrated in single military platforms.
... snip ...

... however above is right out of Boyd's OODA-loop, Observe, Orient, Decide, and Act.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

an old Boyd story, he told them the electronics across the trail would never work, (possibly as punishment) he was put in command of spook base ... he said it had largest air conditioning bldg in that part of the world. Some detail here ... gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

One of Boyd's biographies claims it was a $2.5B (60s $$) windfall for IBM. and from "Kill Chain: The Rise of the High-Tech Assassins"
https://www.amazon.com/Kill-Chain-Rise-High-Tech-Assassins-ebook/dp/B00MSZ5BBI/
pg21/loc393-95: To process the data Garwin, the IBM scientist, recommended the IBM-360 computer to analyze the signals, he explained, and "try to characterize the sounds so you wouldn't be bombing birds or peasants but convoys, trucks, or whatever." Once birds and peasants had been eliminated, promised Garwin, the computer would order "response, immediate response" from attack aircraft.
... snip ...

Boyd posts & refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

recent post, Martial Arts OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#37 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#47 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#51 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#58 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#60 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"

I've been having discussion in Taichi class about similarity between OODA-loop and martial arts. Members of the class have also suggested "five rings"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Book_of_Five_Rings
and
https://www.amazon.com/Book-Five-Rings-Way-Warrior-ebook/dp/B07NDLBGT2/
also Fingerspitzengefuhl mentioned periodically by Boyd
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fingerspitzengef%C3%BChl#Related_concepts
The concept may be compared to ideas about intuition and neural net programming. The same phenomenon, but conceptualized in a radically different way, seems to be described by D.T. Suzuki in swordsmanship teaching stories recounted in his Zen and Japanese Culture, and given in analytical detail in Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis.[5]
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
Date: 28 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#26 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM

archived posts with some of the discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#24 cmsback

part of the tweaks for CMSBACK version of VMFPLC was I had done a page mapped filesystem for CMS on CP67 and then converted it to VM370/CMS. While it would handle filesystem I/O that wasn't 4k page aligned blocks ... things went significantly faster with 4k page aligned. Moderate filesystem I/O benchmark on 3380s ran 2-3 times the throughput with page-mapped than standard CMS filesystem ... and advantage increased as load increased (all sort of scaleup optimization). archived post with some comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#25

cmsback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cmsback
page mapped filesystem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088
Date: 28 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#81 Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088

rest of computer was 8bit, and used 8088, 8bit bus version of 16bit 8086
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_8088
The original IBM PC is the most influential microcomputer to use the 8088. It has a clock frequency of 4.77 MHz (4/3 the NTSC colorburst frequency). Some of IBM's engineers and other employees wanted to use the IBM 801 processor, some preferred the new Motorola 68000,[e] and others argued for a small and simple microprocessor, such as the MOS Technology 6502 or Zilog Z80, which are in earlier personal computers. However, IBM already had a history of using Intel chips in its products and had also acquired the rights to manufacture the 8086 family.[f]

IBM chose the 8088 over the 8086 because Intel offered a better price for the former and could supply more units.[16] Another factor was that the 8088 allowed the computer to be based on a modified 8085 design, as it could easily interface with most nMOS chips with 8-bit databuses. These were mature, and therefore economical, components. This included ICs originally intended for support and peripheral functions around the 8085 and similar processors (not exclusively Intel's), which were already well known by many engineers, further reducing cost.[g]

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal network

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Internal network
Date: 29 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#78 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#79 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#82 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#83 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#84 IBM Internal network

My wife was co-author of AWP39, peer-to-peer networking architecture in the very early days of SNA definition. SNA (not a system, not a network, not an architecture) had co-opted "networking" for a communication infrastructure ... so had to qualify their network architecture with "peer-to-peer".

Later she was con'ed into going to POK in charge of "loosely-coupled" architecture where she did peer-coupled shared data architecture. She didn't remain long, in part because of 1) constant battles with communication group trying to force her to use vtam/sna for loosely-couple operation and 2) little uptake except for IMS hotstandy ... until much later for SYSPLEX and parallel SYSPLEX.

peer-coupled shared data posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

She has joke about Vern Watts ... after work asking him who was going to ask permission of to do hot standby. He says he wasn't going to ask, he would just do it and tell them when it was all done.

posts mentioning AWP39:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#119 IBM Acronyms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#2 Frank Heart Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#1 Service Bureau Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#13 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#62 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#29 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#55 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#124 Early Networking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#48 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#99 Systems thinking--still in short supply
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#25 Microsoft Open Sources .NET, Saying It Will Run on Linux and Mac
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#15 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#99 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#26 SNA vs TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#19 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#44 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#52 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#24 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#41 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#23 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#17 Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#2 Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#6 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#26 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#73 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#29 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#5 What is a Server?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#62 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#83 Small Server Mob Advantage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#7 VTAM security issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#3 VTAM security issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#26 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#56 When did "client server" become part of the language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#97 We're losing the battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#73 Convergent Technologies vs Sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#71 Interesting ibm about the myths of the Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#53 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#10 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#46 Are there tasks that don't play by WLM's rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#23 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#12 JES2 or JES3, Which one is older?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#72 FICON tape drive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#62 Friday musings on the future of 3270 applications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#39 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#35 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#55 Is computer history taugh now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#48 6400 impact printer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#9 Mainframe vs. "Server" (Was Just another example of mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#55 What's a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#28 Assembler question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#36 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#9 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#4 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#62 Greatest Software, System R
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#45 Mainframe Linux Mythbusting (Was: Using Java in batch on z/OS?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#4 Google Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#21 Sending CONSOLE/SYSLOG To Off-Mainframe Server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#9 Arpa address
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#31 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#52 Need Help defining an AS400 with an IP address to the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#23 Channel Distances
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#27 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#17 DUMP Datasets and SMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#15 DUMP Datasets and SMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#8 EBCDIC to 6-bit and back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#31 IBM 3705 and UC.5
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#38 RS/6000 in Sysplex Environment

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM XT/370

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM XT/370
Date: 29 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#77 IBM XT/370

XT/370 was 100kips 370 ... 370/115 was 80kips and 370/125 was 120kips. VM/370 wasn't announced for 125 ... but early on I got asked to get VM/370 running on 256kbyte 125 owned by a Norway ocean ship company. A decade later VM/370 was significantly more bloated

115/125 & 138/148 trivia: in the wake of FS implosion .. FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines & quick&dirty 3033 and 3081 efforts were kicked off in parallel, as well as 370/xa and mvs/xa ... the head of POK also convinced corporate to kill the vm370, transfer all the people to POK to work on mvs/xa, and shutdown the burlington mall development group; they weren't planning on telling people until just before the move, to minimize the number that might escape. The information leaked early ... this was just when DEC VMS was starting and the joke was that head of POK was major contributor to DEC VMS. There was also a witch hunt for the source of the leak, fortunately nobody gave me up. Endicott managed to save the vm370 product mission but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch ... some customer issues vm370 code quality during the next 5-6 years.

I got con'ed into doing something for 125 as well at the same time 138/148. 115/125 had same memory bus with nine positions for microprocessors; 115 had all the controller and 370 microprocessors the same ... about 800kips engine. The 125 was same as 115 except the 125 370 processor was 1.2mips engine. 115, 125, 135, 145, 138, 148 ... all had different microprocessors for the 370 processor and all avg. about ten native instructions per 370 instruction emulated (aka 115 800kips->37080kips, 125 1200kps->370 120kips, etc). The work for virgil/tully (138/148) was moving highest used code paths from the 370 kernel into microcode on approx byte-for-byte basis giving 10:1 speedup. Criteria was 138&148 had 6kbytes of microcode memory available ... and was to choose the highest executed 6kbytes of kernel 370 code ... old archived post with analysis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21
highest used 6kbytes of kernel executed pathlengths accounted for 79.55% of kernel execution, ECPS cut that cpu time by order of magnitude.

For 125, they wanted me to support up to five microprocessors running 370 code (5-way SMP multiprocessor) and they would also significantly increase 370 storage. Design was to include most of work done for ECPS plus also nearly all the SMP code moved into microcode (something like the later intel i432) ... kernel code would queue tasks for execution and the microcode would pull executable tasks off the queue. Also moved pretty much all disk I/O logic into disk controller (something like a superset of later 370/xa SSCH) ... along with misc. other microcode bells & whistles.

5-way SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce
smp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

Then Endicott escalated to corporate that the 5-way 125 would overlap the 148 throughput ... and I had to sit on both sides of the table arguing justification with myself. Eventually corporate decided to kill the 125 multiprocessor.

Later MVS group thot they could do similar MVS ECPS for 3033. The 370/165 avg. 2.1 machine cycles per 370 instruction, this was optimized for 370/168 to 1.6 machine cycles per 370 instructions. 3033 start out Q&D remapping 168 logic to 20% faster chips ... which wasn't very competitive with the clones ... 370 microcode was then tweaked getting 3033 down to avg of one machine cycle per 370 instruction. Any sort of 3033 MVS ECPS wasn't going to run faster than the 370 code and in some cases ran slower.

I would give talks on how 138/148 (and for 4331/4341) ECPS was done at monthly baybunch meetings ... also attended by various amdahl people. They said they had to resort to "macrocode" ... bascially 370 instructions that ran in microcode mode ... in order to respond to the plethora of trivial 3033 MVS microcode changes that were required in order for MVS to execute (they could reimplement them in macrocode significantly easier and faster than it took IBM to do them originally). Then Amdahl used macrocode to implement "hypervisor" ... running multiple operating systems on the same hardware (w/o needing VM370) ... it took IBM several years to respond with PR/SM & LPAR on 3090.

360/370 microcode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360mcode

macrocode posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#67 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#54 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#52 Amdahl Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#78 IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#30 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#54 Here's a horrifying thought for all you management types
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#43 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#46 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#37 IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#44 John Titor was right? IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#161 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#100 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#19 DG Nova 1200 as console
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#20 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#17 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#46 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#27 World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#68 Linear search vs. Binary search
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#58 Was MVS/SE designed to confound Amdahl?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#3 Is Microsoft becoming folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#102 Question on PR/SM dispatcher
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#93 Irrational desire to author fundamental interfaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#74 z millicode: where does it reside?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#27 CPU time/instruction table
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#26 Op codes removed from z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#42 New Opcodes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#33 New Opcodes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#32 New Opcodes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#96 some questions about System z PR/SM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#74 Non-Standard Mainframe Language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#84 VLIW pre-history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#9 Has anyone ever used self-modifying microcode? Would it even be useful?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#3 Has anyone ever used self-modifying microcode? Would it even be useful?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#1 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#20 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#34 Assembler question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#33 Assembler question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#42 old hypervisor email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#39 Using different storage key's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#35 Code density and performance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#32 Code density and performance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#9 Mainframe Jobs Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#38 blast from the past ... macrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#48 POWER6 on zSeries?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#43 POWER6 on zSeries?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#40 POWER6 on zSeries?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#29 Documentation for the New Instructions for the z9 Processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#14 Multicores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#24 Description of a new old-fashioned programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#60 Misuse of word "microcode"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#59 Misuse of word "microcode"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#56 Wild hardware idea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#9 Mainframe System Programmer/Administrator market demand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#48 Linux paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#44 Linux paging

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal network

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Internal network
Date: 29 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#78 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#79 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#82 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#83 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#84 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#90 IBM Internal network

some recent VTAM/SNA Raliegh and Hursley comments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#49 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management

Infamous story about Hursley and JES2 ... Internally, there were several major problems with using JES2 networking. The original TUCC code mapped network nodes in the unused entries in the 255 psuedo device table (around 160-180 max nodes) ... at the time when the number of internal network nodes was already over 256 (If JES2 saw any traffic, origin or destination, involving nodes not in its table, the traffic was discarded).

The other problem was that the TUCC intermixed the networking fields with job control fields ... and traffic between two JES2 at different releases had habit of bringing down one or both MVS systems. As a result special JES2 drivers in VNET grew up that would convert to some canonical header format and then to format required by the JES2 release on a directly connected link. San Jose GPD put up a new release that started crashing MVS systems in Hursley. Management in Hursley eventually blamed their VNET people because they hadn't anticipated the San Jose JES2 changes and appropriately installed code to keep Hursley MVS systems from crashing.

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
HASP, ASP, JES2/JES3, networking posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
Date: 29 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#26 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#88 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM

late 80s a senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opened the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter wall and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. The disk division was seeing drop in disk sales with customers moving to platforms more distributed computing friendly. The disk division came up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group with their strategic stranglehold on datacenters. The communication group datacenter stranglehold not only affected disk sales but much of the rest of computing business ... and a couple years later, IBM goes into the red (and was being reorged into the 13 baby blues in preparation for breaking up the company).
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

posts mentioning communication group trying to preserve dumb terminal paradigm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

The last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP, it originally started out as HA/6000 for NYTimes to enable them porting their newspaper system (ATEX) from VAX/Cluster to IBM. When I started doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP. Old reference to Jan1992 meeting on commercial cluster scaleup in (Oracle CEO) conference room (16-way by mid-1992, 128-way by ye1992).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
within a couple weeks cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

The ADSTAR software executive was trying several ways to circumvent the communication group (besides ADSM) ... and asking us to cooperate and/or help ... including asking us to help with Mesa Archival ... which was startup spinoff of the NCAR/Boulder filesystem that he had invested in ... also working with LANL and the DataTree spinoff of their filesystem and LLNL with the Unitree spinoff of their "Lincs" filesystem (including funding the port of Lincs/Unitree to HA/CMP). LANL Datatree & LLNL Unitree
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/113582
This has some discussion of LINCS/Unitree at LLNL
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NLTSS

above mentions 3rd party transfer. It was originally done in the NCAR filesystem in 1st half of 80s using HYPERChannel boxes, 4341 kept track of data on 3330 disks, it would take incoming requests from supercomputers and if necessary stage the data to 3330, then download channel program to appropriate A515 (emulating IBM mainframe channel) and return the channel program identifier to the requesting supercomputer ... which would transfer data directly (read or write) between supercomputer and disk. I would periodically get requests from Boulder IBM branch office for help on HYPERChannel. 3rd party transfer was added to HiPPI standard so the implementation could be moved to HiPPI (and later FCS) connected disk farm and the 4341 implementation moved to HA/CMP.

3rd party transfer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#67 Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#26 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 GRS Control Unit ( Was IBM mainframe operations in the 80s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#85 3270 Emulator Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#63 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#23 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#47 Using a PC as DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#43 Barbless
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#75 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#46 comp.arch classic: the 10-bit byte
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#22 303x, idals, dat, disk head settle, and other rambling folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#47 send/recv vs. raw RDMA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#60 Mainframes and "mini-computers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#46 What goes into a 3090?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#66 commodity storage servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#21 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hurricane Ida slammed into Louisiana and then didn't really weaken. Why?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Hurricane Ida slammed into Louisiana and then didn't really weaken. Why?
Date: 30 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Hurricane Ida slammed into Louisiana and then didn't really weaken. Why? This slow weakening is in stark contrast to a typical hurricane.
https://arstechnica.com/science/2021/08/hurricane-ida-slammed-into-louisiana-and-then-didnt-really-weaken-why/
Ida Strengthened Quickly Into a Monster. Here's How.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/29/climate/hurricane-ida-category.html

But it's not just the surface temperature of the Gulf that's important, said Joshua Wadler, a researcher with the University of Miami and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Hurricanes actually cool the ocean as they travel across it, because they stir up the water down to about 150 feet, mixing in colder water from below.

In this case, Ida traveled across water that was much warmer down to that depth. Probes sent into the water by hurricane hunter aircraft on Saturday revealed that the temperature, after it had been mixed by Ida, was about 30 degrees Celsius, or 86 degrees Fahrenheit, Dr. Wadler said.

... snip ...

What We Know About Climate Change and Hurricanes
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/29/climate/climate-change-hurricanes.html
Geoengineering marks scientific gains in U.N. report on dire climate future
https://www.reuters.com/business/environment/geoengineering-marks-scientific-gains-un-report-dire-climate-future-2021-08-10/
Hurricane Ida Wrecks Havoc in Louisiana. Here's What to Know
https://time.com/6093606/hurricane-ida-new-orleans-path/
We're Hitting the Limits of Hurricane Preparedness. Cities simply don't have enough time to run from a storm like Ida.
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2021/08/hurricane-ida-end-of-hurricane-preparedness/619926/

"merchants of doubt" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Our "Trillion-Dollar Seven": Can We Summon the Courage to Tax Them?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Our "Trillion-Dollar Seven": Can We Summon the Courage to Tax Them?
Date: 30 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Our "Trillion-Dollar Seven": Can We Summon the Courage to Tax Them?
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/30/our-trillion-dollar-seven-can-we-summon-the-courage-to-tax-them/
The collective wealth of the seven wealthiest Americans, all white men, has now just about reached $1 trillion. These seven pay virtually nothing in income tax.

And that gets us back to how we got into this mess in the first place. ProPublica recently exposed what many of us already suspected: Our trillion-dollar seven -- and their fellow billionaires -- barely pay any tax as a percentage of their true income. Between 2014 and 2018, America's 25 top billionaires paid federal income tax during that five-year period equal to just 3.4 percent of the increase in their collective wealth over that same period.

... snip ...

The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
https://www.propublica.org/article/the-secret-irs-files-trove-of-never-before-seen-records-reveal-how-the-wealthiest-avoid-income-tax

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
Date: 30 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything. An Afghan General blames defense contractors for the collapse of the Afghan army. A government inspector blames the "the pervasiveness of overoptimism" by U.S. generals. It's all that, and more.
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-war-in-afghanistan-is-what-happens?r=592x
I'll finish on a note of optimism. This loss in Afghanistan, while hugely embarrassing, could serve as a wake-up call. After the loss in Vietnam, a group of military officers, led by John Boyd, one of the greatest American military strategists in U.S. history, created a military reform movement, to change the way the Pentagon developed and used weapons, and they made enormous progress in restructuring key parts of the defense establishment. (One of the members of Boyd's "Fighter Mafia," Pierre Sprey, the man responsible for the remarkable A-10 Warthog, just passed away.) Similarly, the British, after losing the American Revolution, radically reformed their corrupt and antiquated systems of governance. Losing wars is a great spur to reform. It means that we as a society get to look at ourselves honestly. We may choose not to act on what we see, but we do in fact have the opportunity. And that's not nothing.
... snip ...

another Boyd acolyte, was graduate of first USAF academy class and on fast track to general, when he says Boyd destroyed his career by challenging him to do what was right, ... later wrote a book
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/
HBO turned into movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
related NYT article: Corrupt from top to bottom
https://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html

Boyd quote
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"
... snip ...

... very much Smedley Butler's "War Is A Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
... and "perpetual war" is preferred over actually winning.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler

goes along with huge uptic in the rapidly spreading success of failure culture ... a series of failures met more money
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Boyd posts & refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What Is a TPM, and Why Do I Need One for Windows 11?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What Is a TPM, and Why Do I Need One for Windows 11?
Date: 30 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
What Is a TPM, and Why Do I Need One for Windows 11? Microsoft says its upcoming Windows 11 operating system will require the presence of a Trusted Platform Module (TPM), which has raised a storm of doubt and uncertainty. What exactly is TPM, and does your PC already have it? Here's what you need to know.
https://www.pcmag.com/news/what-is-a-tpm-and-why-do-i-need-one-for-windows-11

spring 2001, 20yrs ago, lead technical director reporting to DDI for Information Assurance Directorate was doing a panel in the Trusted Computing track at IDF ... and asked me to give a talk on my chip (the guy running trusted computing TPM was in the front row so I quipped that it was nice to see his chip looking more and more like mine, he quipped back that I didn't have a committee of 200 people helping me) ... gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp%2bs13

trusted computing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#trusted.computing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
Date: 30 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#26 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#88 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#93 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM

... topic drift from LINCS & NLTSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NLTSS
above mentions: Livermore Time Sharing System
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Livermore_Time_Sharing_System

Ann Hardy
https://medium.com/chmcore/someone-elses-computer-the-prehistory-of-cloud-computing-bca25645f89
Ann Hardy is a crucial figure in the story of Tymshare and time-sharing. She began programming in the 1950s, developing software for the IBM Stretch supercomputer. Frustrated at the lack of opportunity and pay inequality for women at IBM -- at one point she discovered she was paid less than half of what the lowest-paid man reporting to her was paid -- Hardy left to study at the University of California, Berkeley, and then joined the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 1962. At the lab, one of her projects involved an early and surprisingly successful time-sharing operating system.
... snip ...

If Discrimination, Then Branch: Ann Hardy's Contributions to Computing
https://computerhistory.org/blog/if-discrimination-then-branch-ann-hardy-s-contributions-to-computing/

Much more Ann Hardy at Computer History Museum
https://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102717167
Ann rose up to become Vice President of the Integrated Systems Division at Tymshare, from 1976 to 1984, which did online airline reservations, home banking, and other applications. When Tymshare was acquired by McDonnell-Douglas in 1984, Ann's position as a female VP became untenable, and was eased out of the company by being encouraged to spin out Gnosis, a secure, capabilities-based operating system developed at Tymshare. Ann founded Key Logic, with funding from Gene Amdahl, which produced KeyKOS, based on Gnosis, for IBM and Amdahl mainframes. After closing Key Logic, Ann became a consultant, leading to her cofounding Agorics with members of Ted Nelson's Xanadu project.
... snip ...

a couple past Ann Hardy refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#27 Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#3 New machine code

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088
Date: 31 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#89 Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#81 Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#77 IBM XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#35 IBM/PC 12Aug1981
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#33 IBM/PC 12Aug1981

801/Iliad was for a wide variety of projects that all went south for one reason or another. 801/ROMP was originally for displaywriter followon ... which ibm/pc word processing probably killed ... decision was to retarget ROMP for unix workstation market ... and got the company that had done the PC/IX port for IBM/PC to do one for ROMP ... which ships as AIX (and PC/RT).

As referenced in several of the articles IBM/PC was extremely price sensitive and volume ... did do 16bit processor but with 8bit bus

among other things, 801/Iliad was going to be used for the 4361&4381 (followon to 370 4331 & 4341) and as/400 (followon to combination of s/34, s/36, & s/38). I got asked to help with white paper justifying 370 CISC for 4361 & 4381 (instead of 801 with implementing 370 in microcode) ... i.e. CISC technology had gotten to the point that nearly whole 370 could be implemented directly in silicon ... rather than emulated in microcode.

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

some posts mentioning white paper for 370 CISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#47 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#105 DOS descendant still lives was Re: slight reprieve on the z
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#95 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#82 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#24 Supervisory Processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#59 Happy 20th Birthday, AS/400

Boeblingen was doing ROMAN 3-chip CISC 370 with performance of 168-3 (3MIPS). Some how Siemans Germany (doing 370 clones) got a copy of (ibm classifed) spec. One of the Amdahl people visiting them, told them they couldn't have it ... he confiscated the document, sent it to me in Cal. for me to send back to IBM in Boelingen.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
Date: 31 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#98 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM

other trivia: when MD bought TYMSHARE, I was brought in to evaluate GNOSIS (370 operating system) for spinoff KEYKOS/Key Logic (it was cleared with my IBM research management as well as local branch) ... and had contact with several of the KEYKOS players for many years.

Interesting along the way was that they redid some ACP/TPF for KEYKOS and demonstrated higher throughput than ACP/TPF on the same hardware. The scenario was that KEYKOS had much higher level of abstraction for system services and therefor had more knowledge about application objectives and could do better job with throughput as workload scaled up

other posts mentioning GNOSIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#19 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#27 Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#25 Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#33 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#77 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#95 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#41 TYMSHARE @ CHM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#61 Typesetting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#76 Mainframe operating systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#41 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#60 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#100 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#28 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#110 Tymshare sold to McDonnell Douglas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#107 some computer and online history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#12 What Would Be Your Ultimate Computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#29 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#43 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#82 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#53 transactions, was There Is Still Hope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#40 Named Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#53 The mainframe turns 50, or, why the IBM System/360 launch was the dawn of enterprise IT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#44 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#39 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#84 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#13 Bounded pointers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#6 ACA (Obamacare) website problems--article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#59 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#58 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#57 Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#6 The Subroutine Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#33 Delay between idea and implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#55 Arthur C. Clarke Predicts the Internet, 1974
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#80 Still not convinced about the superiority of mainframe security vs distributed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#38 There can be no System Security without System Integrity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#7 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#57 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#57 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#59 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#53 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#43 Virtual address Memory Protection Unit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#40 GNOSIS & KeyKOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#39 Just a quick link to a video by the National Research Council of Canada made in 1971 on computer technology for filmmaking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#55 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#42 i432 on Bitsavers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#37 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#35 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#71 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#2 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#31 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#63 VMSHARE Archives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#75 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#53 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#9 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#84 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#28 Opinion: The top 10 operating system stinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#4 Possibility of malicious CPUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#3 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#14 Two views of Microkernels (Re: Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#23 Doug Engelbart's "Mother of All Demos"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#7 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#12 Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#50 How does ATTACH pass address of ECB to child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#24 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#17 Oddly good news week: Google announces a Caps library for Javascript
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#25 LAX IT failure: leaps of faith don't work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#26 user level TCP implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#16 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#11 Multiple mappings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#42 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#7 Very slow booting and running and brain-dead OS's?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#13 What part of z/OS is the OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#34 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#37 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#12 Flat Query
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#30 Public disclosure of discovered vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#13 Today's mainframe--anything to new?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#50 Secure design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#43 Secure design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#67 intel's Vanderpool and virtualization in general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#6 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#7 How do you say "gnus"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#33 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#41 Multi-processor timing issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#49 EAL5
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#29 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#27 NSF interest in Multics security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#4 OS Partitioning and security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#54 Thoughts on Utility Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#26 Secure OS Thoughts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#22 Secure OS Thoughts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#19 Secure OS Thoughts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#50 Slashdot: O'Reilly On The Importance Of The Mainframe Heritage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#20 A Dark Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#41 Segments, capabilities, buffer overrun attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#18 Multiple layers of virtual address translation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#75 30th b'day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#63 Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#43 IBM doing anything for 50th Anniv?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#4 markup vs wysiwyg (was: Re: learning how to use a computer)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#59 Blade architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#10 TSS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#35 Did AT&T offer Unix to Digital Equipment in the 70s?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#33 Did AT&T offer Unix to Digital Equipment in the 70s?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#73 7090 vs. 7094 etc.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#22 No more innovation? Get serious
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#69 TSS ancient history, was X86 ultimate CISC? designs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#63 Oddly good news week: Google announces a Caps library for Javascript
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#16 Apple to help Microsoft with "security neutrality"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#54 Status of SRP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#25 Broken SSL domain name trust model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#31 Payment system and security conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#8 example: secure computing kernel needed

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
Date: 31 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#96 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything

smedley butler trivia: american fascists invited him to lead military overthrow of the US Gov. ... and blew the whistle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot
In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country. No evidence was presented and this committee had none to show a connection between this effort and any fascist activity of any European country. There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient.
... snipt ...

... aka it was not "un-american activity" ... purely an american fascist effort, however some of the people called to testify were unavailable out of the country
https://timeline.com/business-plot-overthrow-fdr-9a59a012c32a?gi=4a89a8a04b7d
Also implicated in the plot was Al Smith, former New York governor and 1928 Democratic presidential nominee, as well as Prescott Bush, a banker, future Connecticut senator, and father to George H. W. Bush and grandfather to George W. Bush.
... snip ...

... however recruiting and planning for sedition should still be sedition

other past posts mentioning Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#38 $10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#67 Does America Like Losing Wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#50 Who Authorized America's Wars? And Why They Never End
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#22 What America Didn't Understand About Its Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#80 After WW2, US Antifa come home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#21 A People's Guide to the War Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#96 How Ike Led
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#145 The Plots Against the President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#112 When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#105 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#23 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#69 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#11 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#2 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#3 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#58 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

An AI can simulate an economy millions of times to create fairer tax policy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: An AI can simulate an economy millions of times to create fairer tax policy
Date: 31 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
An AI can simulate an economy millions of times to create fairer tax policy. Deep reinforcement learning has trained AIs to beat humans at complex games like Go and StarCraft. Could it also do a better job at running the economy?
https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/05/05/1001142/ai-reinforcement-learning-simulate-economy-fairer-tax-policy-income-inequality-recession-pandemic/

I've periodically theorized that they used computer war gaming to come up with the rapidly spreading success of failure culture used by gov. contractors and beltway bandits
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

also motivating perpetual wars ... never actually win, drag it out for as long as possible
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
for the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

old Boyd quote
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"
... snip ...

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
Date: 31 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
did ascii tty33&35 terminal support for cp67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#65 CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#66 CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#67 CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet

... but didn't get a terminal at home until mar1970, a ibm 2741 (selectric) terminal, had it at home until summer 1977 when it was replaced with CDI miniterm (looked a lot like silent 700, also had a portable microfiche viewer and plant site had microfiche printer and had couple hundred fiche) ... then 1979 a ibm 3101 glass teletype ... before getting ibm/pc.

miniterm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/miniterm2.jpg

home miniterm desk with miniterm & microfiche viewer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/miniterm.jpg

home miniterm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/home3101.jpg

home 3101
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/homepc.jpg

home pc --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe Hall of Fame

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe Hall of Fame
Date: 31 Aug 2021
Blog: Facebook
Mainframe Hall of Fame

URL had gone 404, was updating my ref to use wayback machine ... four new members added:
https://web.archive.org/web/20111223114404/http://www.mainframezone.com/blog/mainframe-hall-of-fame-four-new-members-added/

mentions "wheeler schedular", i.e. dynamica adaptive resource managerr ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

also pointed at full list
https://web.archive.org/web/20110817070419/http://www.mainframezone.com/static/mainframe-hall-of-fame

... mentions EAGLE evolved into DB2, which seems garbled. Original SQL/relational, System/R was done at San Jose Research on vm/145. Then when corporation was preoccupied with EAGLE ... managed to do technology transfer "under the radar" to Endicott for SQL/DS. Then when EAGLE "imploded", request was made how fast could System/R be ported to MVS ... which was eventually released as DB2 (originally for decision support *only*).

also reference here, 1995 SQL Reunion
https://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95.html
DB2
https://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95-DB2.html
Spreading the word
https://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95-Spreadin.html
Well, Santa Teresa was really paralyzed. They had this big group and they were changing project names continuously. First it was called VSS, and then DS/1, and then Eagle, and then Ampersand, which was the only cute name, because Ampersand stands for a variable in the SCRIPT language. This was supposed to be the system to replace all database systems. It was going to replace IMS, provide new fancy interfaces, provide all sorts of compatibility. There were three components. There was System Services, and that is the only part that survived. Things like logging, recovery, and locking; it's the only component that survived in DB2. There was the Data Communication Component that totally went away.

> ... snip ...

SQL/DS
https://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95-SQL_DS.html
So I guess the biggest friend that System R or SQL had in this process at Santa Teresa was Eagle. You might think of Eagle as a tremendous resource drain, and so on, and so on, and it was, but the fact that Santa Teresa was completely preoccupied with how to completely replace IMS and do something much better than IMS and do many of the things that were in FS and all this stuff, sort of kept all the guns away from us, while we looked at what would be the best way to do what we then called DS/2. In other words, they sort of carved out everything but MVS and gave it to my group and said, "Well you guys go figure out what to do for database for the VM and DOS environment, and we'll worry about the really big `Production' problems," which was what Eagle was going to address. So I think it was the best friend of the whole process, in that we got to look at that in our own pace without an awful lot of help from White Plains or local management or Poughkeepsie or any of that. We were able to make a decision to go ahead and use System R as the basis for SQL/DS, and without that being a politically-incorrect decision. Which if we had tried to make that decision at that point in time to supplant a lot of the Eagle work with System R, I don't think it would have been possible for people to make that decision.
... snip ...

... much later when we were doing cluster scaleup HA/CMP and working with RDBMS vendors ... including Oracle ... one of the Oracle executives claimed that when he was with IBM in STL, he did the majority of the System/R & SQL/DS technology transfer to STL for DB2 ... he is mentioned in this old post about HA/CMP scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
also mentioned in the SQL Reunion index
https://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95-Index.html

system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe Hall of Fame

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe Hall of Fame
Date: 01 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#104 Mainframe Hall of Fame

Then there is Knights of VM
http://www2.marist.edu/~mvmua/knights.html

and this article about mainframe history (although garbled some of the details), gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20200103152517/http://archive.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/stoprun/stop-run/making-history/

past posts mentioning "Knights of VM"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#38 Osborne 1 with speech synthesis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#32 (External):Re: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#1 Time to choose the Knights of 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#33 IBM Historic Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#22 Old EMAIL Index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#21 Titles for the Class of 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#20 Old EMAIL Index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#19 Old EMAIL Index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#18 Old EMAIL Index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#13 Old EMAIL Index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#11 Titles for the Class of 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#10 Titles for the Class of 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#1 Honoree pedigrees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#0 Old EMAIL Index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#91 Combining VM list threads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#27 moving on

past posts mentioning "Making History" article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#24 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#4 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#22 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#8 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#105 The IBM 7094 and CTSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actually emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#25 Globalization Worker Negotiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#80 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#42 Computer museums
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#60 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#28 Flag bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#2 IBM Relevancy in the IT World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#87 IBM going ahead with more U.S. job cuts today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#77 IBM going ahead with more U.S. job cuts today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#61 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#49 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#79 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#74 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#60 Today in TIME Tech History: Piston-less Power (1959), IBM's Decline (1992), TiVo (1998) and More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#32 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Obscurity or is it Security by Design?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#34 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#87 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#82 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#12 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#68 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#60 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#30 IBM Historic computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#62 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#36 Great things happened in 1973
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#53 Query: Mainframers look forward and back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#28 We're losing the battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#66 How does ATTACH pass address of ECB to child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#65 How does ATTACH pass address of ECB to child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#26 garlic.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#11 Google is full
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#43 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#19 Blowing My Own Horn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#14 Misuse of word "microcode"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#9 Making History

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Afghan Crisis Must End America's Empire of War, Corruption and Poverty

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Afghan Crisis Must End America's Empire of War, Corruption and Poverty
Date: 01 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Afghan Crisis Must End America's Empire of War, Corruption and Poverty
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/08/afghan-crisis-must-end-americas-empire-of-war-corruption-and-poverty.html
U.S. Wars, Endless Wars: Will They Ever End?
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/09/01/u-s-wars-endless-wars-will-they-ever-end/

The Bunker: Finished: The U.S. military leaves Afghanistan
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/09/the-bunker-finished/
Al-Qaeda congratulates Taliban for 'historic victory' in Afghanistan
https://warisboring.com/al-qaeda-congratulates-taliban-for-historic-victory-in-afghanistan/
An Old Soldier's Denial on Afghanistan
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/09/01/an-old-soldiers-denial-on-afghanistan/
Nemesis: Why the west was doomed to lose in Afghanistan
https://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/world/nemesis-why-the-west-was-doomed-to-lose-in-afghanistan-911-taliban
The War in Afghanistan Ends Where It Started
https://www.usnews.com/news/national-news/articles/2021-08-30/the-war-in-afghanistan-ends-where-it-started
Don't Wage Economic War on Afghanistan
https://original.antiwar.com/Daniel_Larison/2021/08/31/dont-wage-economic-war-on-afghanistan/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

posts this year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#101 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#96 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#73 A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#62 An Un-American Way of War: Why the United States Fails at Irregular Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#59 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#56 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#43 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#39 Republicans delete webpage celebrating Trump's deal with Taliban
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#38 $10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#2 The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#99 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#22 What America Didn't Understand About Its Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#7 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#66 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#64 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#82 The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#30 Trump and Republican Party Racism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3277 graphics

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 3277 graphics
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Wed, 01 Sep 2021 12:09:29 -1000
0000014ab5cdfb21-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Mike Wawiorko) writes:
The 4341 Introduced the Extended Control Program Support:VM (ECPS:VM) and Extended Control Program Support:VS1 (ECPS:VS1) features.

Endicott cons me into working on VM:ECPS (originally for 138/148) ... low & mid range 370s were microprocessors that implemented 370 in software (microcode) ... they executed an avg of 10 native instructions for each 370 instruction. I was told that 370->native was nearly byte-for-byte ... and there was 6kbytes of available microprogram storage on the 148 ... and I was to identify the highest executed kernel paths for redoing in microcode (obtaining nearly 10:1 performance boost). Old archived post with the initial kernel execution profiles:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

i.e. highest executed 6kbytes of kernel code accounted for 79.55% of kernel cpu use ... getting 10:1 performance increase by moving to microcode. It was reimplemented for 4341.

Note 4341 was faster than 158-3 & 3031.

During the Future System period (was completely different than 370 and was going to completely replace 370) ... 370 efforts were being shutdown (lack of new IBM 370 was credited with giving 370 clone makers their market foothold). When FS imploded there was mad rush getting stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... including kicking off quick&dirty 3033 & 3081 efforts in parallel ... some more detail
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

a little drift; 3033 started off being 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips. Note 370/165 microcode started out being avg. of 2.1 machine cycles per 370 instruction, 370/168 microcode optimized to 1.6 machine cycles per 370 instruction, initial 3033 wasn't competitive with clones ... addition microcode optimization got 3033 to 1.0 machine cycles per 370 instruction ... getting 3033 to 1.5 times 168-3.

the 303x channel director was 158 engine with the 370 microcode removed and just the integrated channel microcode. a 3031 was two 158 engines, one with just the integrated channel microcode (channel director) and one with just the 370 microcode. A 3032 was 168-3 reworked to use the (158 engine) channel director for external channels.

I would give talks on how ECPS was implemented at the monthly BAYBUNCH meetings and would get lots of questions from the Amdahl people.

Jan1979, I got con'ed into doing 4341 benchmarks for national lab that was looking at getting 70 for a compute farm (sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami). POK had lots of anxiety, a small cluster of 4341s was much cheaper than 3033, smaller physical footprint, lower power&cooling and higher throughput. Also started seeing large companies ordering hundreds at a time for putting out in department areas (sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami).

360/370 microcode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360mcode

some recent posts mentioning 4341
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#99 Why the IBM PC Used an Intel 8088
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#93 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#91 IBM XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#78 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#66 CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#30 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#69 Mainframe mid-range computing market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#49 6-10Oct1986 SEAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#42 IBM Token-Ring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#31 IBM Programming Projects
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#92 Mainframe mid-range computing market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#84 Mainframe mid-range computing market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#30 IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#55 SHARE (& GUIDE)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#57 IBM 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#56 IBM 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#13 The Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#1 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#95 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#85 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#67 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#63 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#62 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#58 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#57 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#56 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#55 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#50 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#90 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#55 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#49 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#48 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#44 HA/CMP Marketing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#24 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#9 IBM Kneecapping products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#1 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#76 4341 Benchmarks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#53 Amdahl Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#38 IBM HA/CMP Product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tigershark: When What Might Have Been Became What Never Was

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Tigershark: When What Might Have Been Became What Never Was
Date: 01 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Tigershark: When What Might Have Been Became What Never Was
https://avgeekery.com/tigershark-when-what-might-have-been-became-what-never-was/

... there was story that the realized never be able to sell domestically so they started selling into international market ... except for every F20 candidate country, the F16 forces got congress to do "directed appropriation" USAID (that could only be spent on F16). Claim was that candidate countries would say that F20 was significantly better match for their requirements ... but would require they spend their own money, while they could get F16 (sort of) for "free".

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

posts mentioning tigershark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#80 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#91 Why F-5s Beat Out F-16s For The Navy's Latest Commercial Aggressor Contract
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#11 This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#57 Boyd F15, F16, F20
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#78 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#43 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#1 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#50 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#45 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#19 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#72 Sunday Book Review: Mind of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#51 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#63 Did anybody ever build a Simon?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#16 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#4 Expanding U.S. Tactical Aviation's "Approved Belief"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#40 EZPass: Yes, Big Brother IS Watching You!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#10 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#8 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#7 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#6 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#4 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#3 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#13 News Release
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#45 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#1 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#14 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#8 scheduling & dynamic adaptive ... long posting warning

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Age of Battleships Is Dead and Long Gone

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Age of Battleships Is Dead and Long Gone
Date: 01 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Age of Battleships Is Dead and Long Gone. Battleships were mighty in their day. But the advent of airplanes and missiles meant that such large, lumbering warships made no sense anymore.
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/reboot/age-battleships-dead-and-long-gone-189247

The Ultimate Battleship Battle: Japan's Yamato vs. America's Iowa. It would have been the ultimate battle on the high seas: Yamato vs. Iowa. Who would have won?
http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/the-ultimate-battleship-battle-japans-yamato-vs-americas-13737
recommends Parshall's Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway
https://www.amazon.com/Shattered-Sword-Untold-Battle-Japanese-ebook/dp/B005NIQ8SM/
pg5/loc76-78:
The battleships wouldn't be sailing this morning. No surprise there, joked Akagi's crewmen–they hadn't done anything during the entire war. For them the battleships were irrelevant, nothing more than a symbol of a bygone era. Worse yet, in the workaholic culture of the Imperial Navy, which, popular lore had it, operated eight days a week, the battleships were seen as slackers.
... snip ...

.. other Pearl trivia, Stalin had 500 divisions fighting nearly all of German military and was afraid that Japan might attack from the east ... opening up a second front. Stalin wanted US to come in against Japan (making sure Japan had limited resources to open up a 2nd front against the Soviet Union). US assistant SECTREAS Harry Dexter White was operating on behalf of the Soviet Union and Stalin sends White a draft of demands for US to present to Japan that would provoke Japan into attacking US and drawing US into the war.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
demands were included in the Hull Note which Japan received just prior to decision to attack Perl Harbor, hull note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
More Venona
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project

also: another example of White acting as an agent of influence for the Soviet Union was his obstruction of a authorized $200 million loan to Nationalist China in 1943, which he had been officially instructed to execute. ... contributing to Nationalist loosing China.

Benn Stein in "The Battle of Bretton Woods" spends pages 55-58 discussing "Operation Snow".
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/
pg56/loc1065-66:
The Soviets had, according to Karpov, used White to provoke Japan to attack the United States. The scheme even had a name: "Operation Snow," snow referring to White.
.... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

a couple past posts mentioning shattered sword
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#85 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#113 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#75 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?

other posts mentioning Harry Dexter White
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#95 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#91 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#30 The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#29 The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#35 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#49 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#71 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#81 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Foundation of the Internet: TCP/IP Turns 40

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Foundation of the Internet: TCP/IP Turns 40
Date: 01 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Foundation of the Internet: TCP/IP Turns 40
https://www.howtogeek.com/751880/the-foundation-of-the-internet-tcpip-turns-40/
40 years ago--in September 1981--DARPA published the finalized specifications of the TCP/IP protocol suite, which defines the basic rules for how the internet works. While TCP/IP didn't become widely adopted until 1983, this milestone can help us understand why TCP/IP was so important.
... snip ...

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interrnet

... other trivia: IBM San Jose Research had first (IBM) gateway into CSNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSNET
... just before the great cutover over from ARPANET & IMPs to Internetworking protocol on 1jan1983 ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#email821022
more on the cutover
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#email821230
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#email830202

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Starting in early 80s, one of my projects was HSDT, T1 & faster computer links and working with the director of NSF. We were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers, but then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). IBM internal politics prevent us from bidding, NSF director tries to help by writing IBM a letter (with support from other agencies), copying the IBM CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.
... snip ...

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet (and the access to large supercomputer datacenters also has morphed into access to large cloud megadatacenters)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

NSFNET (originally as supercomputer access network) was federal gov. funding and the issue was raised about using it for commercial purposes ... and so came the AUP (aka non-commercial use only). However, folklore is that the RFP funding only covered less than quarter of resources ... the rest "donated" by commercial interest that were in chicken&egg situation. To encourage use of the faster technology, they needed newer higher-bandwidth applications which required needing to significantly drop usage rates ... but that would mean that they would have to operate at a loss for several years (while new applications that used the faster technology were created). What effectively happened is institutions contributed resources to the NSFNET backbone that were greater than four times the winning RFP bid ... and got stipulation that could only be used for non-commercial activity (lots of AUPs, acceptable use policies) ... encouraging the growth of the new generation of high-bandwidth applications ... theoretically w/o damaging their commercial revenue (rate/use structure to cover their fixed run rate).

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Age of Battleships Is Dead and Long Gone

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Age of Battleships Is Dead and Long Gone
Date: 01 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#109 The Age of Battleships Is Dead and Long Gone

Flattop Trouble: Can American Carriers Survive the Modern Battlefield? There are more ways to sink a carrier than ever before.
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/reboot/flattop-trouble-can-american-carriers-survive-modern-battlefield-177714

Sweden's Super Stealth Submarines Are So Lethal They 'Sank' a U.S. Aircraft Carrier
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/swedens-super-stealth-submarines-are-so-lethal-they-sank-us-18383
Gotland-class submarine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gotland-class_submarine
When a Chinese Submarine Appeared In The Middle Of A Carrier Battle Group
https://www.warhistoryonline.com/history/chinese-submarine-appeared-in-the-middle-of-a-carrier-battle-group.html
The uninvited guest: Chinese sub pops up in middle of U.S. Navy exercise, leaving military chiefs red-faced
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-492804/The-uninvited-guest-Chinese-sub-pops-middle-U-S-Navy-exercise-leaving-military-chiefs-red-faced.html
China Thinks a Nuclear Submarine Can Sink Half of An Aircraft Carrier Battle Group
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/china-thinks-nuclear-submarine-can-sink-half-aircraft-carrier-battle-group-92491
War Games: A Swedish Stealth Submarine Sank A U.S. Aircraft Carrier
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/war-games-swedish-stealth-submarine-sank-us-aircraft-carrier-116216

some claims every major carrier group war game for last 20yrs has sunk the carrier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#111 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#7 Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#51 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#175 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#79 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#46 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#18 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#66 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#2 Quagmire on the Potomac

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970





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