List of Archived Posts

2019 Newsgroup Postings (05/08 - 07/09)

mainframe hacking "success stories"?
mainframe hacking "success stories"?
S/38, AS/400
Internet
3270 48th Birthday
mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Angelo Mozilo Makes Surprise Appearance, Is Shocked People Blame Him For The Housing Crisis
IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
3270 48th Birthday
mainframe hacking "success stories"?
mainframe hacking "success stories"?
mainframe hacking "success stories"?
mainframe hacking "success stories"?
This One Paragraph Tells Us How Wrong the Pentagon Was About Invasion of Iraq
U.S. Special Forces School Publishes New Guide for Overthrowing Foreign Governments
Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Family of Secrets
The Making of the Military-Industrial Complex
Before Netscape: The forgotten Web browsers of the early 1990s
The Book of Five Rings
Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
U.S. disaster aid won't cover crops drowned by Midwest floods
DB2
Microsoft says mandatory password changing is "ancient and obsolete"
virtual memory
D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
The Fifth Risk
CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8
Dumb Terminal Paradigm
Coup D'Oeil: Strategic Intuition in Army Planning
Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
IBM Future System
IBM Future System
Adding to Planetary Alarm Bells, Top US Finance Official Warns Climate Crisis a Recipe for Global Economic Collapse
Transition to cloud computing
Is America A Christian Nation?
Is America A Christian Nation?
Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
Deutsche Bank To Launch EU50 Billion "Bad Bank" Housing Billions In Toxic Derivatives
When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World
The Forgotten Operating System That Keeps the NYC Subway System Alive
mainframe hacking "success stories"?
How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
IBM 9020
IBM 9020
IBM 9020
Day of Reckoning for KPMG-Failures in Ethics
IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano
Dissecting Strategic Decision Making: #Reviewing Leap of Faith
The Drone Iran Shot Down Was a $220M Surveillance Monster
IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
mainframe hacking "success stories"?
The Threat Actor You Can't Detect: Cognitive Bias
It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over
Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
The rise and fall of IBM
America's Monopoly Crisis Hits the Military
'End Forever Wars' is a Sound Bite, Not a Security Policy
The Fall of the Roman Empire
2741 & APL
How to fight desertification and reverse climate change
The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
Range
Wage Stagnation
The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc
Range
This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War
Wage Stagnation
Packard Bell/Apple
Packard Bell/Apple
Packard Bell/Apple
Range
The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
The Long Read to the Student Debt Crisis
IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
'Groundbreaking' Study Shows Federal $15 Minimum Wage Would Not Cause Job Losses in Low-Wage States
A push to equalize labor laws for child farmworkers, who are often immigrants
Americans Die Younger Despite Spending the Most on Health Care
The 1% has so much money they literally don't know what to do with it
IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
The 1% has so much money they literally don't know what to do with it
Fwd: Happy 50th Birthday CICS
A New Theory On Time Indicates Present And Future Exist Simultaneously
DNS & other trivia
The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
Holocaust

mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 8 May 2019 10:37:46 -0700
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

one of the biggest problems doing the (non-SNA) internal network around the world was when (encrypted) links crossed national boundaries ... lots of push back from numerous countries around the world (even tho all these links were between purely corporate locations).

other trivia: at big cutover to internetworking protocol on 1Jan1983, they had approx 100 network nodes and 255 hosts ... when the internal network was rapidly approach 1000 systems (which it passes a few months later). old post with corporate locations around the world that added one or more network nodes during 1983:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 9 May 2019 09:20:11 -0700
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#0 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Before 370 virtual memory was announced, a copy of internal document leaked to industry magazine. There was then a "Pentagon Papers" like investigation to find the leaker. Also all company copiers were retrofitted that placed a machine identification on all copied pages. Then for the "Future System" project
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

they decided to deploy only softcopy versions of the FS documents on specially modified VM370/CMS systems, which could only be read/accessed from specific 3270 terminals. I was in the process of moving a lot of my enhancements from CP67 to VM370 and had some weekend time on a 370 system in a machine room that had one of the modified FS document systems. I went in late Friday afternoon to double check everything was ready for me coming in over the weekend. They started needling me that even if I was left alone in the machine room all weekend, I wouldn't be able to access FS documents in their enhanced VM370 sysem. Finally it got too much, and I asked them to log off all users and disable logins from outside the machine room. From the front panel, I flipped a bit in kernel storage, which had the effect of accepting anything typed as valid password. I then gave them a list of countermeasures that would be required to block skilled attacker (including encrypted files).

Other tivia ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine.
https://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S/38, AS/400

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: S/38, AS/400
Date: 09 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
other triva: 1980 there was effort to move large number of different internal CISC chips to 801/risc, follow-on to 4331&4341 (4361&4381), combined follow-on to S/36&S38 ("fort knox", as/400), lots of controllers, etc. Part of the issue was that each of the custom CISC chips had their own software infrastructure ... and moving them all to 801/risc would simplify things and reduce costs.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System_i

For various reasons, the efforts floundered ... and things returned to business as usual, custom CISC ... and some number of 801/risc engineers left and went to risc projects at other vendors (including AMD 29k and HP SNAKE).

The combined/merged s36/s38 follow-on AS/400 was primarily focused on s36 market ... and some number of features from s38 were dropped.
https://wiki.midrange.com/index.php/Silverlake

The one remaining that survived was ROMP 801/risc chip that was for DISPLAYWRITER follow-on ... but when that was canceled, it was decided to retarget it to the UNIX workstation market ... the company that had done the AT&T UNIX port to IBM/PC for PC/IX was hired to do the port to ROMP (formally displaywriter follow-on) ... ROMP becomes PC/RT (rather than displaywriter follow-on) and software is AIX.

more trivia: early 80s, my brother was Apple regional marketing rep (largest physical region CONUS). When he come into town, I would get invited to business dinners and could argue MAC design with MAC developers (before MAC was announced). He also figured out how to remotely dial into the Apple S/38 (that was used to run the business) to track manufacturing and delivery schedules.

later trivia: Decade after "Fort Knox" aborted ... AS/400 did move to 801/risc (variation on power/pc). The engineering executive (had come from Motorola) that we reported to for HA/CMP ... had moved over to head up Somerset ... i.e. doing power/pc ... "AIM" effort, Apple, IBM, Motorola. He later left to become president of MIPS (after SGI had bought MIPS).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIM_alliance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC

A former engineer we had worked with at IBM Los Gatos lab, was then MIPS VP of Software ... and with the SGI purchase ... left and become director of the SUN business group that included JAVA. We had left IBM after our HA/CMP cluster scale-up had been transferred (announced as IBM supercomputer) and we were told we couldn't work on anything more than four processors. Object oriented systems were all the range ... Apple did PINK ... which morphs into part of Taligent and SUN did SPRING (or DOE) and I was asked if I would considering doing the effort to turn it out as commercial product. I studied it and declined ... however SPRING/DOE did have component that looks almost exactly like JAVA (although the JAVA people claim that JAVA was done completely independent of SPRING/DOE).

other trivia: I helped with the white paper that changed from using 801/risc (Iliad chip) for 4331/4341 follow-on (4361/4381). Part of the issue was 370 was much more complex than what could be done on a chip ... so they developed simplified processor and then used microcode to implement 370. By 4361/4381 ... VLSI (very large scale integration) where majority of 370 could be directly implemented in silicon ... much smaller was needed to be done in microcode.


 ------------------------------
|                              |  |
|                              |  |
|                              |  | SOFTWARE
|                              |  |
|                              |  |
|                              |  |
|------------------------------|
| Machine Architecture (S/370) |
|------------------------------|
|                              |  |
|          Microcode           |  |
|    ---                ---    |  |
|___|   |____      ----    |___|  | HARDWARE
|            _____|            |  |
|                              |  |
|          Circuitry           |  |
|                              |  |
 ------------------------------

... snip ...

S/38 has been frequently quoted as a simplified Future System:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

One of the simplification was they treated all disks as single filesystem with "scatter" allocation across the whole filesystem. As a result all disks had to be backed up as single entity ... and any problem met that the whole filesystem (across all available disks) had to be restored as single entity ... which failed to scale as more and more disks were added ... at the time single disk failure was common failure mode ... which required a single disk to be replace ... but for S/38 then required the complete filesystem had to be restored (across all disks).

Because S/38 recovery could be so catastrophic ... could take 24hrs or more ... S/38 was early RAID adopter (to mask disk failure and recovery). One of the people I worked with at San Jose disk ... got the original RAID patent in 1977.

801/risc, Iliad, ROMP, RIOS, PC/RT, RS/6000, Power, Power/PC, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

specific "Fort Knox" & Silverlake posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#136a checks (was S/390 on PowerPC?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#60 "all-out" vs less aggressive designs (was: Re: 36 to 32 bit transition)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#43 Golden Era of Compilers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#69 Very CISC Instuctions (Was: why the machine word size ...)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#39 "Soul of a New Machine" Computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#70 Pipelining in the past
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#19 PowerPC Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#63 Sizing the application
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#81 McKinley Cometh
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#20 MVS on Power (was Re: McKinley Cometh...)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#14 Z/OS--anything new?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#61 Who wrote the obituary for John Cocke?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#6 Who wrote the obituary for John Cocke?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#2 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#3 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#5 Card Columns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#7 what is the difference between ALU & FPU
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#43 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#55 Reviving Multics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#56 Reviving Multics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#56 ECPS:VM DISPx instructions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#27 [Meta] Marketplace argument
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#24 |d|i|g|i|t|a|l| questions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#6 The One True Language
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#17 mainframe and microprocessor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#59 RISCs too close to hardware?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#34 IBM 3705 and UC.5
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#63 intel's Vanderpool and virtualization in general
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#72 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#7 Misuse of word "microcode"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#38 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#40 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#40 POWER6 on zSeries?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#45 IBM's POWER6
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#61 DMV systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#4 IBM 610 workstation computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#11 Mainframe Jobs Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#33 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#38 Linux - Our Saving Grace?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#47 Any resources on VLIW?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#24 A Day For Surprises (Astounding Itanium Tricks)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#26 A Day For Surprises (Astounding Itanium Tricks)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#29 To RISC or not to RISC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#31 To RISC or not to RISC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#32 To RISC or not to RISC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#37 To RISC or not to RISC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#38 To RISC or not to RISC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#39 P390
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#20 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#21 "The Elements of Programming Style"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#36 Multiple mappings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#27 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#17 MIPS and RISC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#14 Some IBM 3033 information
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#42 mainframe performance, was Is a RISC chip more expensive?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#8 what does xp do when system is copying
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#65 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#54 Throwaway cores
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#10 Kernels
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#38 Any benefit to programming a RISC processor by hand?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#40 3277 terminals and emulators
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#59 Happy 20th Birthday, AS/400
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#72 Transactional Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#78 Secure64 Develops First Automated DNSSEC Signing Application to Help Secure the Internet Worldwide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#79 Larrabee details: Yes, it is based on the Pentium. :-)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#85 old 370 info
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#27 TOPS-10
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#44 Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#14 Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#65 The coming death of all RISC chips
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#32 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#40 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#54 Processes' memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#26 Supervisory Processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#35 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#60 Memory versus processor speed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#53 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#10 Cultural attitudes towards failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#4 Unintended consequence of RISC simplicity?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#29 Delay between idea and implementation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#33 Delay between idea and implementation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#86 By Any Other Name
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#95 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#75 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#115 Mill Computing talk in Estonia on 12/10/2104
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#105 IBM System/32, System/34 implementation technology?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#43 Low end IBM System/360 (-30) and other machines

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Internet
Date: 09 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
I donated several of these boxes to Balcones Research to Interconnect their supercomputers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/nsc2.jpg

Network Systems box

IBM's missed opportunity with the Internet, former coworker at science center and san jose research (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm

I had PC/RT at booth at Interop 88 ... but not the IBM booth, it was in the main central area, at right angles to the SUN booth. Case was in the SUN booth and got him to come over and install SNMP on the PC/RT before the show starts.

Old email from somebody that acquired IBM's Class A, 9.0.0.0
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#email881216

In the 90s (after leaving IBM), Postel (Internet RFC editor) used to let me help him with periodically released STD1.

hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
interop 88 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

Communication group fought hard to prevent releasing the original IBM mainframe TCP/IP support. When they lost, they then said that it had to be released through the communication group. The original release got 44kbytes/sec throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the enhancements for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, got sustained channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

Sometime later, they hired silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP directly in VTAM. He initially demo'ed TCP running much faster than LU6.2 and was told that everybody *knows* that a *proper* TCP/IP implementation runs slower than LU6.2 and they would only be paying for a *proper* implementation.

RFC1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3270 48th Birthday

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 3270 48th Birthday
Date: 09 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
As undergraduate in the 60s, did a lot of work on OS/360, HASP, CP67/CMS, etc. One of the things was removed the 2780 code in HASP (to reduce code size) and added 2741 support with editor that implemented the CMS edit syntax (early CRJE, I considered better than TSO).

3270 repeat key was really slow ... so somebody came up with little soldering for 3277 keyboard that could speed up repeat delay & repeat rate as fast as you waned, some of us had repeat rate faster than screen was refreshed (i.e. had to get practice to lift key and actually after screen refresh stop at the correct position).

3270s also had some horrible interactive computing characteristics, if you happen to hit key when system wrote something to screen, it would lock up everything and you had to reset. somebody came up with FIFO box for 3277, unplug keyboard from the head, plug in the FIFO box, and plug keyboard into FIFO box ... FIFO box would queue incoming keystrokes if system was writing screen.

For 3278, to reduce manufacturing costs, they moved a lot of electronics back into 3274 controller ... with enormous amounts of coax cable chatter. This was at a time when .2sec. interactive response was becoming all the rage. 3277/3272 had .086 hardware response, to get .2sec response, system response need to be .114secs. 3278/3274 had minimum .3sec hardware response, but more typical .5sec (amount of data involved) ... making it impossible to meet any .2sec response. Of course this was all channel attached controllers, SNA &/or networked controllers made it much, much worse (although TSO users didn't notice since their system response was usually well over second). Also with electronics back in the controller, no longer possible to "enhance" the terminal.

A letter was written to the 3278/3274 product administration about interactive computing characteristics got much worse. They eventually wrote back that 3278/3274 wasn't for interactive computing ... but "data entry" (i.e. electronic keypunch).

Later with IBM/PC 3270 terminal emulation cards ... could see the overhead of all the 3274/3278 protocol chatter ... 3277 emulation cards had three times the upload/download speed of 3278 emulation cards.

past 3272/3277 & 3274/3278 comparison posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#19 3270 protocol
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#6 IBM 327x terminals and controllers (was Re: Itanium2 power
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#22 What is timesharing, anyway?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#12 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#15 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#42 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#19 Architectural Diversity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#53 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#72 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#31 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#43 My first mainframe experience
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#61 Migration off mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#13 From Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#15 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#19 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#87 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#15 cp67, vm370, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#37 Why File transfer through TSO IND$FILE is slower than TCP/IP FTP ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#37 PDP-10 and Vax, was System/360--50 years--the future?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#1 3270 response & channel throughput
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#14 Tech Time Warp of the Week: The 50-Pound Portable PC, 1977
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#21 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#41 System Response
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#23 Three Reasons the Mainframe is in Trouble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#26 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#106 TSO Test does not support 65-bit debugging?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#127 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#58 [Poll] Computing favorities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#15 Dilbert ... oh, you must work for IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#8 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#42 Old Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#104 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#51 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#1 Frieden calculator
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#43 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#25 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#26 [CM] What was your first home computer?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 10 May 2019 11:28:02 -0700
lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:

Later two of the Oracle people in the Ellison meeting have left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server" and we are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also invented this technology they call "SSL" they want to use, the result is now fequently called "electronic commerce".


re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#0 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#1 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

other topic drift ... somewhat for having done "electronic commerce" ... got asked into the X9A10 working group which had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for all retail payments (point-of-sale, internet, ach, credit, debit, aka *ALL*)

after detailed end-to-end vulernability studies ... came up with the X9.59 standard that eliminated the need to hide (encrypt) the account &/or credit card number (as countermeasure to fraud) ... this also eliminated the major use of SSL, hiding (encrypting) the account &/or credit card number for data in transit (but didn't do anything for data at the endpoints and data "at reast").

we used a couple examples

account/credit number dual use, both authentication and business processes. for authentication it needs to be kept completely confidential and never divulged ... at the same time it is needed in dozen of business processes at millions of locations around the world.

security proportional to risk, value of the transaction information for merchant is profit on the transactions, possibly a couple dollars ... and for transaction processor possibly a couple cents. While value to the crook is the account balance and/or credit limit ... crooks can afford to spend attacking the system 100 times more than merchant can afford to spend defending.

x9.59 eliminated account/credit number for authentication and only used it for business processes ... so it was no longer necessary to hide/encrypt the number.

the problem was that x9.59 represented major disruption to the status quo, it effectively would have eliminated much of the existing fraud, commoditizing the payment industry ... and theoretically threatened the tens of billions that are made each year off electronic payments.

security proportional to risk posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Angelo Mozilo Makes Surprise Appearance, Is Shocked People Blame Him For The Housing Crisis

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Angelo Mozilo Makes Surprise Appearance, Is Shocked People Blame Him For The Housing Crisis
Date: 10 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
Angelo Mozilo Makes Surprise Appearance, Is Shocked People Blame Him For The Housing Crisis
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-05-09/countrywide-ceo-mozilo-makes-surprise-appearance-shocked-people-blame-him-housing

long ago and far away, he is #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Programmer Aptitude Test

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 11 May 2019 16:19:41 -0700
hancock4 writes:

• The same applied in reverse--a programming manager would have to adjust if put in charge of an industrial operation. I remember seeing some industrial sites that seemed almost paramilitary with hierarchy and strict rules. But I realized it was necessary since safety was involved with heavy machinery and the workforce typically had a different mindset than a group of programmers. To put it another way, industry had an absence code for "arrested", we didn't need that with programmers.


rickover accounts have him radically change navy ship building and operation from diesel to nuclear ... nuclear building/operation needing significantly more stringent control/standards
https://www.forbes.com/sites/kevinkruse/2015/01/06/leadership-lessons-from-admiral-rickover/
Against the Tide: Rickover's Leadership Principles and the Rise of the Nuclear Navy
https://www.amazon.com/dp/product/B00NE6QZ88/

misc. past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#78 IBM commitment to academia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#1 Lessons Not Learned: The U.S. Navy's Status Quo Culture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#46 Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3270 48th Birthday

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 3270 48th Birthday
Date: 11 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#4 3270 48th Birthday

some of the CTSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
people went to the 5th flr to do multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics
others went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambridge_Scientific_Center
did virtual machines, CMS, internal network, lots of online stuff, invented GML 1969, etc
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS

sciecne center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

early script was port/rewrite of CTSS RUNOFF for CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TYPSET_and_RUNOFF
after GML was invented at the science center in 1969, GML tag processing was also added to script, GML trivia, after a decade, morphed into ISO standard SGML, and after another decade morphed into HTML at CERN
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/
first webserver in US was on SLAC's VM370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

three people from science center came out to univ. last week Jan1968 to install CP67/CMS. It originally had 2741 & 1052 terminal support ... which included automatic terminal identification (games played with controller SAD command to switch terminal/port scanner). Univ. had some number of TTY/ASCII terminals ... so I had to add TTY/ASCII support and I did it consistently with dynamic terminal identification. I then wanted to use single dial up number for all terminal types ("hunt group") ... which didn't quite work since IBM had taken short cut ... could switch port scanner type, but line speed was hard wired for each port. This was some part of the motivation for univ. to start clone controller project ... Interdata/3 with channel interface board programmed to simulate ibm terminal controller with the addition of supporting automatic terminal speed. Later this was upgrade to Interdata/4 for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3 for port/line scanners. Interdata (and later Perkin/Elmer) markets it as clone controller. Four of us get written up for (some part of) clone controller market.

clone controller market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 May 2019 00:07:39 -0700
charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:

The mainframe seems to me to have also some "architectural" advantages. It seems to support a denser "clustering." It does not seem to me that there is anything in the Windows/Linux world that duplicates the advantages of 100 or so very-closely-coupled (sharing all main storage potentially) CPUs. Sure, you can link a thousand Windows or Linux 8-way servers on a super-fast net, and it is fine for some things -- incredibly powerful for some of them, but it seems there are some things the mainframe architecture is inherently better at.


re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#0 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#1 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#5 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

mainframes:

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017



industry standard MIPS benchmark is number of interations compared to 370/158 assumed to be 1MIP processor (not actual count of instructions)

z196 (@50BIPS) comparison was e5-2600 blade with two 4-processor chips (8 processors shared memory) getting between 400-530 BIPS (depending on model, 50BIPS-65BIPS/processor), ten times max configured z196

most recent peak I/O published benchmark (I've found) is for z196 getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICONs running over 104 Fibre Channel Standard. FICON is protocol that radically reduces the native I/O throughput. At time of the z196 peak I/O benchmarks, a fibre channel was announced for e5-2600 blades claiming over million IOPS (two such fibre channel have higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre channel).

the naming convention for current sever blades have been revised ... family of chips
https://www.servethehome.com/intel-xeon-scalable-processor-family-platinum-gold-silver-bronze-naming-conventions/intel-scalable-processor-family-skylake-sp-platinum-gold-silver-bronze/

code name having inceasing throughput, 2017 ... blades potentially one to eight chips (with shared memory) and 4-28 cores (i.e. processors) per chip (max 8*28 ... or 224 processors, and possibly 448 threads.
https://ark.intel.com/content/www/us/en/ark/products/series/125191/intel-xeon-scalable-processors.html

each high end blades a few TIPS (thousand BIPS) or more than ten times max configured z14. Dense rack packaging might have 50-60 such blades in a rack ... about the floor space of z14 and potentially thousand times the throughput.

Most recent announce (last month) 56-core (processors) Platinum 9200
https://www.anandtech.com/show/14182/hands-on-with-the-56core-xeon-platinum-9200-cpu-intels-biggest-cpu-package-ever
https://www.servethehome.com/intel-xeon-platinum-9200-formerly-cascade-lake-ap-launched/
https://www.storagereview.com/intel_releases_second_generation_intel_xeon_scalable_cpus
https://www.hpcwire.com/2019/04/02/intel-launches-second-gen-scalable-xeons-with-up-to-56-cores/

"We are delivering 8-core Xeons all the way up to 56-core, the highest core count we've ever delivered on Xeon," said Shenoy. "We are delivering support for 1- 2- 4- and 8-socket glueless support for Xeon."

... snip ...

aka 8-socket (8 chips), 56-core (processors per chip), 448 cores (processors, shared memory)

above has discussions about customers building supercomputers with thousands of such blades.

trivia: 1980 STL was full and moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg, they tried "remote" 3270 and found the human factors totally unacceptable. I get con'ed into doing channel extender support, allowing local channel attached 3270 controllers to be placed at the offsite bldg (with service back to STL datacenter) ... and see no difference in human factors. Hardware vendor tries to get IBM to let them distribute my support ... but there was group in POK playing with some serial stuff that gets that vetoed (they were afraid it would make it harder for them to release their stuff).

channel extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they are playing with ... which quickly becomes the fibre channel standard (including some stuff I did in 1980). The POK people finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already obsolete. Then some POK people get involved in fibre channel standard and define heavy weight protocol that radically reduces the native throughput ... which eventually is released as FICON.

FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 May 2019 11:09:01 -0700
00000047540adefe-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Bill Johnson) writes:

Right, my articles are flawed. Yet, real mainframe hacks can be counted on one hand. And many of those are hypothetical or were achieved via someone hacking a laptop (MSFT) or acquiring a valid userid because of someone's stupidity. If hackers wanted to go where the money is, and banks would be the place, they would target the mainframe since nearly every bank in the world uses one. 


re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#0 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#1 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#5 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#9 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

one of the hack story issues is those using mainframes for critical systems (especially financial) do quite a bit to keep such things out of the news

I was in financial sector CIP meetings in white house annex
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection
and major issue was to make sure that the financial ISAC
https://www.fsisac.com/
wasn't subject to FOIA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_of_Information_Act_(United_States)

Was also brought in to help wordsmith some cal. state legislation. At the time they were working on electronic signature, data breach notification, and opt-in personal information sharing. There were participants that were heavily into privacy issues and had done detailed consumer/public privacy studies. The number one issue was "identity theft", primarily information leaking used for fraudulent financial transactions. The problem at the time was little being done about the leaks & breaches (other than obscuring source of the problem). The issue is normally entities take security measures in self-interest, in the case of most of the information leaks/breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public. It was hoped that publicity from breach notifications might motivate corrective action.

Since then there have been numerous federal data breach notification bills introduced ... about half similar to the cal. legislation and the other half with requirements that almost never would be met (eliminating requirement for majority of breach notifications).

data breach notification posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 May 2019 12:06:18 -0700
00000047540adefe-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Bill Johnson) writes:

Until the mid-1990s, mainframes provided the only acceptable meansof handling the data processing requirements of a large business. These requirementswere then (and are often now) based on running large and complex programs,such as payroll and general ledger processing.


re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#0 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#1 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#5 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#9 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#10 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

late 80s through early 90s there were lots of news stories about moving off mainframes to "killer micros" ... and IBM has gone into the red. IBM was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company ... when new CEO was brought in and reversed the breakup.

late 70s & early 80s, I was involved in the original SQL/relational implementation, System/R and the technology transfer to Endicott for SQL/DS ("under the radar", while corporation was preoccupied with the official next generation DBMS, "EAGLE"). When "EAGLE" finally imploded, there was request about how fast could System/R be ported to MVS ... which was eventually released as DB2, originally for decision support only.

System/R posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

Late 80s, was doing RS/6000 high availability HA/6000, but I quickly change the name to HA/CMP because doing cluster scale-up, technical/scientific with national labs and commercial with RDBMS vendors. I'm also asked to write a section for the corporate strategic continuous availability document. The section gets pulled when both Rochester (AS/400) and POK (mainframe) complained they can't meet the requirements.

Post about Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on 128-way
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13 one of the Oracle executives in
the room, said he was the major person in STL handling the tech transfer to STL for DB2. Within a couple weeks of the Ellison meeting, cluster scale-up is transferred, announced as supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY*, and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors. A few months later we leave. Part of the issue was that mainframe DB2 were complaining that if I was allowed to continue, it would be at least 5yrs ahead of what they were doing.

ha/cmp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Later two of the oracle people in the Ellison meeting have left and are at small client/server startup responsible for somehting called "commerce server" and we are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also invented this technology they call "SSL", the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". For having done "electronic commerce", get invited into lots of other financial industry activities.

In the mid/late 90s, lots of financial was overruning their (cobal batch mainframe) overnight financial settlement window (globalization cutting window size and increasing workload). Numerous were spending billions on straight through processing (each transaction is settled as it executes), leveraging huge parallelization with large number of "killer micros". Turns out that they were using parallelization libraries that introduced 100 times the overhead of cobol batch. They were warned (including by me) about the problem, which they continued to ignore ... until large scale pilots went down spectacularly in flames (overhead totally swamping anticipated increase in throughput with large numbers of killer micros)

Decade later, I was involved in taking some technology to financial industry groups, that had allowed high level business rules to be specified ... that then were decomposed into fine-grain SQL statements (easily parallelized). The implementation enormously reduced the development and maintenance effort for large, complex business operations ... and heavily leveraged vendor efforts in enormous throughput for large clustered & parallel RDBMS (including IBMs). Was able to demonstrate enormously complex business processing with many times the throughput of any existing implementations. Initially it had high level of acceptance, but then ran into brick wall. We were eventually told that lots of the executives still bore the scars from the enormous parallelization failures in the 90s and it would take all of them retiring before it was tried again.

trivia: 2000, did some performance work on 450k statement cobol program that did overnight batch settlement running every night on >40 max. configured mainframes (number of mainframes required to finish in the overnight batch window).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 May 2019 13:13:41 -0700
lists@AKPHS.COM (Phil Smith III) writes:


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xeon_Phi

Up to 72 cores per chip, so up to 144 threads per socket. On an eight-socket motherboard, that's, um, a lot.



they announced they are discontinue Phi
https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/290963-intel-quietly-kills-off-xeon-phi

... but latest production server XEON announced last month have up to 56 cores per socket and up to eight sockets. from recent post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#9

Most recent announce (last month) 56-core (processors) Platinum 9200
https://www.anandtech.com/show/14182/hands-on-with-the-56core-xeon-platinum-9200-cpu-intels-biggest-cpu-package-ever
https://www.servethehome.com/intel-xeon-platinum-9200-formerly-cascade-lake-ap-launched/
https://www.storagereview.com/intel_releases_second_generation_intel_xeon_scalable_cpus
https://www.hpcwire.com/2019/04/02/intel-launches-second-gen-scalable-xeons-with-up-to-56-cores/

"We are delivering 8-core Xeons all the way up to 56-core, the highest core count we've ever delivered on Xeon," said Shenoy. "We are delivering support for 1- 2- 4- and 8-socket glueless support for Xeon."

... snip ...

aka eight chip sockets, 56 cores/chip, max 448 cores-processors sharing same memory providing large number of TIPS (1000s BIPS) computation power in single system.

IBM sold off its (intel) server business about the time the server chip makers started saying that they are shipping over half their chips directly to the big cloud megadatacenters ... for going on two decades, the big cloud megadatacenters claim that they assemble their own servers at 1/3rd the cost of brand name servers (aka cloud operators view dataprocessing as a cost rather than profit).

big cloud megadatacenters have so radically reduced their server system cost to a point that power & cooling have become major cost ... and they are focusing on total costs, including electricity/cooling cost per computation ... even getting special chip versions that improve computation electricity/cooling costs. However, the highest performance server chips can double the power reqirements for less than twice than the computation throughput.

a big cloud megadatacenter will have over half million blade systems with millions of processors, being operated by 80-120 people (enormous automation) ... doubling the number of systems (for total computational power), can easily be net financial win, for optimal computation per power&cooling (and large cloud operations have several such megadatacenters around the world).

SMP, multiprocessor &/or compare&swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

other posts in this thread
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#0 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#1 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#5 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#10 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This One Paragraph Tells Us How Wrong the Pentagon Was About Invasion of Iraq

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: This One Paragraph Tells Us How Wrong the Pentagon Was About Invasion of Iraq
Date: 12 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
This One Paragraph Tells Us How Wrong the Pentagon Was About Invasion of Iraq
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/one-paragraph-tells-us-how-wrong-pentagon-was-about-invasion-iraq-57002

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with cousin Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/
NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

much earlier, CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis greatly exaggerating Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney). In the 80s, US supports Iraq in the Iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
https://www.newsweek.com/us-spent-six-trillion-wars-killed-half-million-1215588

Why Did We Fight the Iraq War?
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/19/books/review/michael-j-mazarr-leap-of-faith.html

The Iraq war was not a tragedy. It was more like a crime, compounded by the stupefying incompetence of those who embarked upon a patently illegal preventive war out of a sense of panic induced by the events of 9/11. An impulse to lash out overwhelmed any inclination to deliberate, with decisions made in a "hothouse atmosphere of fear and vulnerability." Those to whom President George W. Bush turned for advice had become essentially unhinged. Iraq presented an inviting opportunity to vent their wrath.

... snip ...

trivia: note also it wasn't Saudi Arabia

Team B posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMDs posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
Military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

U.S. Special Forces School Publishes New Guide for Overthrowing Foreign Governments

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: U.S. Special Forces School Publishes New Guide for Overthrowing Foreign Governments
Date: 12 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
U.S. Special Forces School Publishes New Guide for Overthrowing Foreign Governments
https://www.newsweek.com/us-guide-overthrow-government-special-forces-school-1419837

Support to Resistance: Strategic Purpose and Effectiveness Joint Special Operations University Will Irwin
https://jsou.libguides.com/ld.php?content_id=48094050

recently seen comment: before you tackle all 250 pages that they are leaving out analysis of "United States-backed coups d'etats, such as those in Iran in 1953 and Guatemala in 1954, [which] are not included in this study as they did not involve legitimate resistance movements."

The 79 revolution against the Shah and (death squad) SAVAK
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_Revolution
... US froze Iranian assets in this country. Over the years various diplomatic efforts have resulted in unfreezing various amounts of those assets... included some $400M that the previous Iranian gov. had paid for US military hardware that was never delivered (but US then resold to other countries ... getting paid twice).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_frozen_assets
more release of assets over the years by various administrations
http://time.com/4441046/400-million-iran-hostage-history

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started with move from 13.5in to 15in guns (requiring move from coal to oil) before WW1; loc2012-14:

From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.


loc2087-89:

To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.


loc2151-56:

This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.

... snip ...

When the newly elected democratic government wanted to review the Anglo-Persian contract, US arranged coup and backed Shah as front
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr%2E
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the secret police to help keep Shah in power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

military-industrial-complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past post referencing "the world crisis"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#95 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#70 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#11 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#72 Thanks Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#77 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#80 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#81 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#78 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#85 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#102 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#30 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#21 US and UK have staged coups before
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#24 Frieden calculator
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#39 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#72 A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#33 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#59 Breaking: Entire Nation Experiencing Collective Amnesia About Iraq War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#97 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#99 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#73 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#104 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#16 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#59 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#90 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#104 Iran shrink-wrapped $100 Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#10 Fears of an Aggressive Iran Are Far Older Than the Islamic Republic Is
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#99 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#101 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#19 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#88 Trump administration appointee quits lobbying for Saudi Arabia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#18 How Iran Won Our Iraq War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
Date: 12 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2015/05/08/dont-forget-how-the-soviet-union-saved-the-world-from-hitler/

At the same time, the Germans suffered three-quarters of their wartime losses fighting the Red Army.

"It was the Western Allies' extreme good fortune that the Russians, and not themselves, paid almost the entire 'butcher's bill' for [defeating Nazi Germany], accepting 95 per cent of the military casualties of the three major powers of the Grand Alliance," writes Hastings.


... snip ...

from the annals is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin? after the fall of the soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were intent on looting the country (and Russia needed somebody to standup to the US kleptocrats). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
https://web.archive.org/web/20160325154522/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com:80/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

trivia: for some reason I had gotten dragged into how to do 5000 bank branches (@$1M, $5B total) in Russia (as part of creating a capitalist society), involved complex series of natural resource transactions ... however before it got off the ground, the US kleptocrats had done their work.

from the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you (including 9/11, nearly all the terrorists were Saudis); "Family of Secrets", pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 13 May 2019 10:05:12 -0700
john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:

Yes, we have had a TCM fail. I was almost called a liar when I told the Windows people that the z simply switch the work transparently (on the hardware level) to another CP. They were shocked and amazed that we could "hot swap" a new TCM into the box without any outage. The same thing when an OSA failed. The other OSA simply did an "ARP rollover" and there were not any outages. And that, again, IBM replaced the OSA "hot" and we simply started using it. All automatically. But the Windows people still chant "Windows is BETTER than the mainframe."


I was keynote speaker at NASA dependable computing workshop (along with Jim Gray, who I worked with at IBM SJR, but he had gone on to Tandem, Dec, and then Microsoft) ... reference gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20011004023230/http://www.hdcc.cs.cmu.edu/may01/index.html

and told mainframe story

I had done this software support for channel extender ... allowing local controllers & devices to operate at the end of some telco link. for various reasons, i had chosen to simulate "channel check" when various telco errors occurred ... in order to kick-off various operating system recovery/retry routines.

along came the 3090 ... which was designed to have something like 3-5 channel check errors per annum (not per annum per machine ... but per annum across all machines).

After 3090s had been out a year ... R-something? was reporting that there had been an aggregate of something like 15-20 channel check errors in the first year across all machines .... which launched a detailed audit of what had gone wrong.

they finally found me ... and after a little bit additional investigation, i decided that for all intents and purposes, simulating an IFCC (interface control check) instead of a CC (channel check) would do as well from the standpoint of the error retry/recovery procedures activated.


... snip ...

majority of audience didn't even understand that errors & faults were being recorded, tracked, collected, trends, etc.

hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

I had done the support in 1980 for STL, which was bursting at the seams and were moving 300 from the IMS group to offsite bldg. with dataprocessing back to STL. They had tried remote 3270, but found human factors totally unacceptable. Channel-extender support allowd local channel attached controllers at the offsite bldg ... and the human factors were same offsite as local in STL. Actually the STL POK mainframes supporting the offsite bldg ran faster ... turns out 3270 controllers had lots of excessive channel busy ... the channel-extender significantly reduced that 3270 controller channel busy ... moving it all to the interface at the offsite bldg.

Hardware vendor had tried to get IBM to release my software, but there was group in POK that were playing with some serial stuff and got it vetoed (they were afraid that if it was in the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff released). The vendor then had to (exactly) duplicate my support from scratch (including reflecting CC on errors). I then get them to change their implementation from CC to IFCC.

trivia: in 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some stuff they were playing with ... which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980).

The POK people finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it was already obsolute.

Later POK people become involved in fibre channel standard and define a heavy-weight protocol that radically reduces the native throughput, which eventually ships as FICON.

Our last product at IBM was HA/CMP and after leaving IBM we were bought into the financial institution that had implemented the original magstripe merchant/gift cards ... on a SUN 2-way "HA" platform. Turns out SUN had implemented/copied my HA/CMP design ... even copying my marketing pitches. System had failure and "fell over" and continued working with no outage. SUN replaced failed component but CE forgot to update configuration with the identifier for the new component ... so it wasn't actually being used. Three months later when they had 2nd failure, they found that parts of the DBMS records weren't actually being written/replicated (more than "no single point of failure", three problems, original failure, failure to update configuration info, 2nd failure).

earlier HA/CMP reference/post in this thread
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11
ha/cmp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

channel-extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Family of Secrets

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Family of Secrets
Date: 14 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#71 Family of Secrets

Remembering when bankers tried to overthrow FDR and install a fascist dictator
https://bigthink.com/politics-current-affairs/fdr-coup

Smedley Darlington Butler (July 30, 1881 - June 21, 1940) was a United States Marine Corps major general, the highest rank authorized at that time, and at the time of his death the most decorated Marine in U.S. history. During his 34-year career as a Marine, he participated in military actions in the Philippines, China, in Central America and the Caribbean during the Banana Wars, and France in World War I. Butler later became an outspoken critic of U.S. wars and their consequences. He also exposed an alleged plan to overthrow the U.S. government.

... snip ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
War Is a Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
War profiteering
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_profiteering
Perpetual war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
Economic Hit Man
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

Business Plot
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler#Business_Plot

The McCormack-Dickstein Committee said of Butler's testimony in its final report, "In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country... There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient."

... snip ...

Smedley Butler and the 1930s Plot to Overthrow the President
https://www.arcadiapublishing.com/navigation/community/arcadia-and-thp-blog/september-2018/smedley-butler-and-the-1930s-plot-to-overthrow-the

Even more unbelievable were his claims of who was involved in the plot - respected names like Robert Sterling Clark, Grayson M.P. Murphy, and Prescott Bush. While news media at the time mocked Butler's story, recently discovered archives have revealed the truth behind Major General Butler's claims.

... snip ...

How Bush's grandfather helped Hitler's rise to power
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/sep/25/usa.secondworldwar

Lots of others, John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy, industry and military 20s thru early 40s. The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.


loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences; 1943 US Strategic Bombing Program, they needed German industrial and military targets and coordinates, they got the information and detailed plans from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "in god we trust" to money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.

Military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

other recent posts mentioning "Family of Secrets"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#40 Has Privatization Benefitted the Public?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#85 Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Making of the Military-Industrial Complex

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Making of the Military-Industrial Complex
Date: 03 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Making of the Military-Industrial Complex
https://newrepublic.com/article/153997/making-military-intellectual-complex

USAF had been claiming a "Bomber Gap" with the Soviets, justifying 30% increase in DOD budget. The thing to remember about U2, is it gave Eisenhower proof that the "bomber gap" was fabricated.

Something similar shows up later with Team B ... where CIA director Colby disagreed with the analysis. White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with somebody that would agree (Bush) and then resigns to become SECDEF (Rumsfeld is then replaced with his assistant Cheney as White House Chief of Staff).

military industrial complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
Team B posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Before Netscape: The forgotten Web browsers of the early 1990s

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Before Netscape: The forgotten Web browsers of the early 1990s
Date: 03 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Before Netscape: The forgotten Web browsers of the early 1990s
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/05/before-netscape-forgotten-web-browsers-of-the-early-1990s/

first webserver (& browser) in the US was on SLAC's VM/CMS system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

I was working on technical (with national labs) and commercial (with RDBMS vendors) cluster scale-up for our RS/6000 HA/CMP product (originally started out HA/6000, but I renamed it after starting work on cluster scale-up). This is reference to meeting in Ellison's conference room early Jan1992 on 128-way cluster scale-up by YE1992
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

then within few weeks of the Ellison meeting, cluster scale-up was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors, a few months later we leave the company.

Later two of the Oracle people in the Ellison meeting have left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server", we are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce"

trivia: what company owned the rights to "NETSCAPE" and gave it to the startup when they needed to change their name????

more trivia: SLAC use to host monthly (VM/CMS) user group meetings during the 80s, and adjourned to Oasis (now gone).

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Book of Five Rings

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Book of Five Rings
Date: 03 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Book of Five Rings (The Way of the Warrior Series)
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07MS9VNY3/
loc95-96:

It is now during the first ten days of the tenth month in the twentieth year of Kanei (1645).


loc290-92:

The spirit of the Ni Ten Ichi school of strategy is based on water, and this Water Book explains methods of victory as the long-sword form of the Ichi school. Language does not extend to explaining the Way in detail, but it can be grasped intuitively.


loc294-97:

Strategy is different from other things in that if you mistake the Way even a little you will become bewildered and fall into bad ways. If you merely read this book you will not reach the Way of Strategy. Absorb the things written in this book. Do not just read, memorise or imitate, but so that you realize the principle from within your own heart study hard to absorb these things into your body.

... snip ...

Boyd OODA-loop, fingerspitzengefuhl, Coup d'oeil, intuition, etc

and a few centuries later, more language does not extend to explaining ...

How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.


... snip ...

Boyd posts & URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
Date: 04 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Opinion | Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump; The Senate majority leader has been around Washington long enough and is smart enough to know precisely what he's doing to our country for his party.
https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/donald-trump-has-done-less-destroy-democratic-norms-mitch-mcconnell-ncna1011451

Upheaval
https://www.amazon.com/Upheaval-Turning-Points-Nations-Crisis-ebook/dp/B07H2997W4/
pg376/loc 4635-37:

They disagreed and fought politically on major issues. Nevertheless, they treated each other with respect, acknowledged each other's constitutional authority, and played by the rules. While O'Neill disliked Reagan's economic agenda, he recognized the president's constitutional right to propose an agenda, scheduled House votes on it, and stuck to that scheduled agenda. Under


pg377/loc 4643:

But political compromise in the U.S. has been deteriorating from the mid-1990's onwards, and especially from around 2005.


pg377/loc 4646-47:

As a result, the 2014–2016 Congress passed the fewest laws of any Congress in recent American history, was behind schedule in adopting budgets, and risked or actually precipitated government shutdown.

... snip ...

In recent CNN, Fareed called out political strife and conflict got much worse with speaker Gingrich. In 1999, after we were asked to help prevent the coming economic mess (we failed), one of other things we were told was that there has always been conflict between the two parties, but they could put their differences aside and come together to do things for the country. With Gingrich, everything came to be about party advantage and level of party conflict and strife got ten times worse (as well as weaponizing the political process). Now everything is Kabuki dance/theater ... what you see is distraction for the public (like Roman circus) and has little to do with what is really going on.

The Man Who Broke Politics; Newt Gingrich turned partisan battles into bloodsport, wrecked Congress, and paved the way for Trump's rise. Now he's reveling in his achievements.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/11/newt-gingrich-says-youre-welcome/570832/

2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010, CBO office report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

The Deep State: The Fall of the Constitution and the Rise of a Shadow Government
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:

In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming administration choose personnel


pg191/loc3057-58:

In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second,"


pg191/loc3060-62:

Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.

... snip ...

one of my favorite Boyd quotes (I used to sponsor his briefings at IBM): The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War
https://www.amazon.com/Boyd-Fighter-Pilot-Who-Changed-ebook/dp/B000FA5UEG/
pg281/loc4905-6:

He stalked the office, staring at his underlings, then suddenly walking up to them, sticking a bony finger into their chest, and saying things such as, "If your boss demands loyalty, give him integrity. But if he demands integrity, then give him loyalty."

... snip ...

McConnell's wife: Transportation Secretary Failed to Sever Financial Ties to Construction Company
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/28/us/politics/elaine-chao-stock-divest.html
Elaine Chao Sought ‘Inappropriate' China Meeting for Her Family
https://www.thedailybeast.com/elaine-chao-expose-reveals-undisclosed-family-ties-to-beijing
Mitch McConnell And Elaine Chao Are Illegally Making Money Off Of Russia And China
https://www.politicususa.com/2019/05/28/mcconnell-chao-russia-china.html

A ‘Bridge' to China, and Her Family's Business, in the Trump Cabinet; Elaine Chao has boosted the profile of her family's shipping company, which benefits from industrial policies in China that are roiling the Trump administration.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/02/us/politics/elaine-chao-china.html

Ms. Chao has no formal affiliation or stake in her family's shipping business, Foremost Group. But she and her husband, Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, have received millions of dollars in gifts from her father, James, who ran the company until last year. And Mr. McConnell's re-election campaigns have received more than $1 million in contributions from Ms. Chao's extended family, including from her father and her sister Angela, now Foremost's chief executive, who were both subjects of the State Department's ethics question.

... snip ...

Boyd posts & URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
fiscal responsibility posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
comptroller general posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

Gingrich posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#83 The Mind of War: John Boyd and American Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#15 Al Gore and the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#136 Gingrich urged yes vote on controversial Medicare bill
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#28 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#40 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#45 What is ALEC? 'The most effective organization' for conservatives, says Newt Gingrich

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

U.S. disaster aid won't cover crops drowned by Midwest floods

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: U.S. disaster aid won't cover crops drowned by Midwest floods
Date: 05 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
U.S. disaster aid won't cover crops drowned by Midwest floods
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-weather-iowa/u-s-disaster-aid-wont-cover-crops-drowned-by-midwest-floods-idUSKCN1RE0BU

we effectively had consulted for free on new backend dataprocessing for 2000 census (old stuff rolled out spring 1997 and new stuff rolled in to give enough time for testing). after the turn of the century we tried to do something similar for VA and met with head VA staffer on the hill. VA was just coming off a failed billion dollar modernization project and was gearing up for multi-billion dollar effort (that would also fail). Turns out our kind of activity was major threat to beltway bandits.

after the turn of the century ... there was enormous uptic in gov. outsourcing ... as well as the rapidly spreading success of failure culture ... for-profit companies making more profit off a series of failures. just intelligence, 70% of the budget and half the people:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

congress was willing to dump enormous amounts into failed outsourcing projects, but did very little for huge uptic in our people coming back from the wars.

success of failure posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failuree

past posts mentioning that each year half of disaster flood insurance goes to the same state year after year, rebuilding in the same place (even tho several decades ago congress past a law that flood insurance couldn't be used to rebuild in same place, on flood plains).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#41 Where do the filesystem and RAID system belong?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#42 Where do the filesystem and RAID system belong?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#67 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#41 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#18 other days around me
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#48 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#27 Federal Subsidies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#13 1970--protesters seize computer center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#58 Stuff We Can't Afford, Part 1: Paying People To Live On Flood Plains

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DB2

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: DB2
Date: 05 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
When transferred to SJR in the 70s, did some of the work on the original sql/relational RDBMS, System/R. There was some amount of conflict with IMS group down in STL ... IMS people claiming that RDBMS index doubled disk space and significantly increased I/O (involved in reading index). System/R people pointed out that IMS took significantly more human effort (managing fields that were automagically handled by RDBMS indexes). The next "official" follow-on to IMS was EAGLE, and while corporation was preoccupied with, managed to do System/R tech transfer to Endicott for SQL/DS. Later when EAGLE imploded, there was request how fast System/R could be ported to MVS ... which was eventually released as DB2, initially for decision support (only).

Early 80s, also saw significant drop in disk price/bit, mitigating the increase in RDBMS index costs as well as increase in system memories, allowing index caching (offseting read I/Os for indexes). At the same time, dataprocessing costs were coming down and big uptic in dataprocessing use, putting enormous pressure on huge manual IMS DBA requirements.

Late 80s, started out doing RS/6000 HA/6000 ... but quickly changed the name to HA/CMP when started doing cluster scale-up, technical/scientific with national labs and commercial with RDBMS vendors. System/R (DB2 & SQL/DS) was mainframe specific and not portable. IBM had started a portable RDBMS effort ... but at the time lacked lots of features, performance, scale-up and cluster support. The other RDBMS vendors included VAX/cluster support in the same source base. To make it simpler to port to HA/CMP, I did a distributed lock manager (DLM) with support for VAX/Cluster API semantics. The RDBMS vendors also offered several suggestions on how to improve (VAX/) cluster operation. Old post about Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on cluster scale-up (one of Ellison's people claimed in his former life at STL did most of the SQLDS-System/R port for DB2).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks of the Ellison meeting, cluster scale-up was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors, a few months later we leave IBM. Possibly contributing was that the (mainframe) DB2 people were complaining that if we were allowed to go ahead, it would be at least 5yrs ahead of them.

They possibly got heads up when I was asked to do section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document ... then both Rochester (AS/400) and POK (mainframe) got it removed (complaining that they couldn't meet the objectives).

System/R posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr
HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
continuous availabilty posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Microsoft says mandatory password changing is "ancient and obsolete"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Microsoft says mandatory password changing is "ancient and obsolete"
Date: 05 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Microsoft says mandatory password changing is "ancient and obsolete"; Bucking a major trend, company speaks out against the age-old practice.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/06/microsoft-says-mandatory-password-changing-is-ancient-and-obsolete/

After leaving IBM ... was brought in as consultant to small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions ofn their server (two of the Oracle people that we had worked with on HA/CMP cluster scale-up had left and were at the startup responsible for something called "commerce server"). The startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". As a resulted got roped into financial standards meetings and financial industry. They complained that chips were too expensive ($10-$80) and had lots of exploits, so did a chip that was less than $1 (and getting cheaper fast) and had higher integrity than even most existing chips. reference to TD for Information Assurance Directorate ... asking me to give talk at his Assurance Panel in the trusted computing track at IDF (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp%2bs13

Then some people complained that the existing organization-centric authentication would substitute a chip for every password ... because they couldn't trust a chip that they didn't issue. So did a process where even the highest security level organization could determine/trust the assurance level of a person-centric presented chip (also part of the issue, is passwords are shared-secrets so each have to be unique as countermeasure to cross-domain attacks; chip had to provide high assurance authentication w/o shared-secrets, in order to be used across a large number of different domains).

The next problem was for financial, 1) marketing had gotten wrapped around institution specific authentication ... so it was no longer a technical issue, 2) cheap, inexpensive strong authentication drastically lowered the barrier to entry for financial operations (they wanted the barrier kept high to minimize competition and block commoditizing financial).

Did get some number of patents out of it ... however they had us working with small boutique patent firm and had claims organized as 50 patents and they claimed there would be well over hundred before we were done. Then some executive looked at the cost and directed that all claims be packeged as nine patents. Some time later the patent office came back and said that they were getting tired of humongous patents where that the filing fee didn't even cover the cost of reading the claims ... and directed that the claims had to be repackaged as 2-3 dozen patents ... and since these were classified as "derivative" patents didn't get any additional credit for them ... current list (with PTO URLs/refs):
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

A financial example ... after the turn of the century, some number of "safe" debit transaction products were presented to major internet merchants with high acceptance (expecting an order of magnitude reduction in the merchant interchange fee charged by financial institutions, which is largely based on prorated fraud surcharge). Then came the cognitive dissonance, the financial institutions told the merchants that rather than reducing interchange fee by order magnitude ... they would add a "safe" surcharge on top of the "fraud" surcharge (already being paid) ... and the whole thing for "safe" transactions falls apart.

also did open software changes to both RADIUS and KERBEROS for session authentication as well as financial standards for transaction authentication

at one point was asked in to a major beltway bandit to talk to former agency director ... and his net was he couldn't figure out how to make a profit out of it ... since it had so commoditized authentication.

AADS refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads
Radius (AADS) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#radius
Kerberos (AADS) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#kerberos

cognitive dissonance posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#15 Public Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#75 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#79 PIN entry on digital signatures + extra token
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#4 GPG
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#5 GPG
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#32 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#51 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#60 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#62 Solving password problems one at a time, Re: The password-reset paradox
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#64 What happened to X9.59?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#51 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#49 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#62 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#1 IT Story New Standard For EU-Compliant Electronic Signatures
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#17 Chip and PIN is Broken!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#21 Should the USA Implement EMV?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#54 Trust Facade
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#69 Idiotic programming style edicts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#10 Wal-Mart to support smartcard payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#26 Root Zone DNSSEC Deployment Technical Status Update
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#52 Payment Card Industry Pursues Profits Over Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#42 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#23 Fight Fraud with Device ID
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#48 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#58 Pipeline and Network Security: Protecting a Series of Tubes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#56 Does outsourcing cause data loss?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#38 ISBNs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#39 ISBNs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#15 Wicked Problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 Password shortcomings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#32 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#32 Use another browser - Kaspersky follows suit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#10 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#54 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#58 Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#8 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#47 Pirate Bay co-founder charged with hacking IBM mainframes, stealing money
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#52 U.S. agents 'got lucky' pursuing accused Russia master hackers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#60 Target Offers Free Credit Monitoring Following Security Breach
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#77 In a Cyber Breach, Who Pays, Banks or Retailers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#40 Missed Alarms and 40 Million Stolen Credit Card Numbers: How Target Blew It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#17 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#37 Special characters for Passwords
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#44 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#53 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#55 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#58 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#30 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#61 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#7 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#58 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#102 Electronic Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#101 Interchange

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

virtual memory

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: virtual memory
Date: 06 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Science Center had done cp/40 and cp/67 ... 360 days and extensive studying of virtual memory. For 370 virtual memory, I got into argument with VS2 guys about something they did wrong ... almost decade later somebody got an award for (re)discovering (and fixing) that problem in VS2.

One of the science center projects studying virtual memory was analyzing instruction and storage access traces ... and was used for redoing APL\360 storage management for (CP/67) CMS\APL. It was also used by lots of the IBM system products that ran under VS1 & VS2 for transition to virtual memory environment (although some just used it for the side-effect of identifying program execution "hot-spots"). It was eventually released to customers as VS/Repack ... which included semi-automatic program reorganization for optimal execution in virtual memory environment.

One of the customers on the ibm-main mailing list asked me if I could track down IBM's decision to transition all 370 to virtual memory. This is part of what I found (from person that was directly in middle of it); basically, MVT storage management was so bad that typical region sizes had to be four times larger than actually used ... this limited the number of regions on typical 370/165 1mbyte machine to four ... much fewer than was needed to keep processor busy. Moving MVT to virtual memory would allow increasing the number of regions by factor of four times with little or no paging. The original VS2 was SVS ... basically not a whole lot of difference than running MVT in a 16mbyte virtual machine under CP/67. In fact the major hit was to EXCP (I/O) creating a copy of the passed channel program that used real addresses instead of the virtual addresses passed in the application channel program ... and initial implementation borrowed CP/67's implementation (CCWTRANS). Old postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73
other posts in thread
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#71
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#72
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#74

I was hired directly out of college ... however as undergraduate, within year after taking 2hr intro to fortran/computing, university had hired me fulltime to be responsible for univ. (academic and administration) mainframe systems and then before I graduate, Boeing hires me fulltime into small group in the CFO's office to help create Boeing Computing Systems (consolidate all dataprocessing in an independent group to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-IBM entities). I manage to offend lots of people in IBM and was repeatedly told that I had no career or possibility of promotion ... although they kept giving me lots of leeway for computer use (one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters which a lot of places used, including the world-wide online sales&marketing HONE system). It was periodically explained that the best I could hope for was to not be fired and allowed to keep doing what I was doing. Although later when I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s, I was told that 5of6 of the corporate executive committee wanted to fire me.

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM ... and found I had lots of affinity for him. Boyd quote at the dedication of Boyd Hall at USAF Weapons school in 1999, two years after he passed (I guess that they felt safe when he was gone, when he passed in 1997 it was the Marines at Arlington, the USAF had pretty much disowned him):

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question. Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF 1927-1997

... snip ...

Boyd refs: Spinney tribute to John Boyd (for those with subscriptions)
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives free at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
other refs:
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf?ver=2018-11-08-094859-167
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

CSC posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE (&/or APL) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
some virtual memory related psots
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock
online computer communication posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
Boyd posts & URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
Date: 06 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
https://www.moonofalabama.org/2019/06/d-day-and-the-myth-of-a-us-victory.html

In "Panzer Leader", Guderian writes that Hitler ordered him to stop at the perimeter of Dunkirk ... Goering, head of air force, had convinced Hitler to let the air force finish the british off (which allowed them to get away, but leaving most of the material behind). Belief was that British would have then surrounded and the war would be over ... The British surrender would have also left the US with no European base to stage a campaign.

LeMay (as Goering) was saying something similar leading up to the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program ... that heavy strategic bombing would win the war without having to invade the continent. However, strategic heavy bombing from 5-6 miles up, it was almost impossible to hit the target.

trivia: John Foster Dulles had played major role in rebuilding German industry and military, 20s up through the early 40s. From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/2011/pubs/the-european-campaign-its-origins-and-conduct/
loc2582-85:

The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.

... snip ...

Germany somewhat had its own Dunkirk with the battle of the bulge. Patton had suggested just let Germans advance to the outskirts of Paris, they would then have outrun their supplies and it would be possible to roll them all up with no problem. Eisenhower said that wouldn't be politically correct/acceptable. Patton was then to attack one side of the base of the bulge while Montgomery attacks the other side, cutting them off ... and rolling them up. Montgomery never got into position, so the Germans managed to escape through the gap ... although leaving most of their equipment.

Possibly because 1/3rd of total US WW2 spending went to high-altitude, four engine strategic bombing and had so little to show for it, McNamara was then LeMay's staff planning the switch to fire bombing German and Japanese cities (almost impossible for fire bomb to miss a whole city).

Historic Flight Foundation had lecture series on the Battle of Britain. One of their observations (by a brit) was that the 1943 US strategic bomber program insisted that everything would be high altitude bombers and they needed no fighters. The British tried to tell them that the Germans learned that lesson the hard way during the Battle of Britain ... the necessity for long range fighters for the bombers ... but the US insisted on spending all their money on high altitude, 4engine heavy strategic bombers ... but the US eventually relearned that lesson the hard way.

military industrial complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

posts mentioning LeMay and strategic bomber program
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#67 Downwind from Alamogordo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#28 Kill Chain: The Rise of High Tech Assassins
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#76 Your earliest dream?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#81 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#33 The wars in Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan were lost before they began, not on the battlefields
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#60 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#73 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#30 AM radio Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#90 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#64 Strategic Bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#21 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#32 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#22 Ironic old "fortune"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#60 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#61 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#84 Early use of word "computer", 1944
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#21 Norden bombsight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#47 America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#89 The US destroyed Tokyo 73 years ago in the deadliest air raid in history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#66 off topic 1952 B-52 ad
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#70 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#75 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#76 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#78 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#80 LUsers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Fifth Risk

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Fifth Risk
Date: 07 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Fifth Risk
https://www.amazon.com/Fifth-Risk-Michael-Lewis-ebook/dp/B07FFCMSCX/

reminds me of the old saying you never want to see sausage and legislation being made ... but this account is much worse

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8
Date: 07 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
CICS post over in VM workshop group ... CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8, 2019. Wondering what to wear that day? These beauties are now available at
http://bit.ly/2X7rqqC

with my contribution:

As an undergraduate, within a year after taking 2hr intro to computing/fortran (they had 709 tape->tape with 1401 unit record front-end ... manually moving tapes between 709 drives and 1401 drives), I was hired fulltime to be responsible for academic and administration mainframe systems (they had 360/67 replacing 709/1401 supposedly for tss/360 which never quite came to production fruition, and so ran as 360/65 with os/360). I got to redo a lot of os/360, including sysgen. Student fortran jobs ran less than second on 709, but initially move to os/360 ran over minute (about 100 times slower). Adding HASP, cut it about in half (over 30 seconds). I then redid sysgen to carefully place datasets and members in PDS for optimal arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search ... which improved another factor of three. Last week in January 1968, three people from the science center came out to install CP67 ... which I would get to play with on weekends ... along with OS/360 work (univ. shutdown datacenter from 8am sat until 8am monday ... and I would have the place to myself, although it made any Monday morning class a little hard having gone 48hrs w/o sleep). Part of old SHARE presentation fall 1968 ... mostly CP/67 pathlength rewrites to improve OS/360 running in virtual machine:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

I had started redoing os/360 sysgen with MFT release 9.5, then 11 and then 14 (didn't move to MVT until 15/16). Time for student jobs was down to 12.9 (OS/360 stand alone, factor of three times improvement compared to generic/vanilla sysgen). Original time OS/360 under CP/67 was 34.2 secs (almost the same as stand alone vanilla sysgen w/HASP; note as OS/360 PTFs were applied it would mess up the careful PDS member ordering ... and could significantly start to impact OS/360 throughput and I would have to do OS/360 sysgen w/o waiting for next release). By fall 68 SHARE, I had gotten pathlengths down so that it was 17.4secs running under CP/67, compared to 12.9secs stand alone, and original 34.2secs under CP/67; reduce from 34.2-12.9=21.3secs CP/67 CPU overhead to 17.4-12.9=4.5secs CP/67 CPU overhead; aka cut CP/67 CPU overhead 21.3secs to 4.5secs.

Note that student fortran jobs throughput never got down as good as 709 tape->tape until installed WATFOR; single step monitor batching multiple jobs, I somewhat remember WATFOR was "clocked" at 20,000 statements/min on 360/65 or 333/sec, univ. tended to collect tray of jobs, 2000 cards with 40-60 cards/job. Single step jog schedule approx. 4secs plus 2000 statements at 333/sec ... or 6secs plus job sechdule 4secs or 10secs for 2000 cards or around .25sec/job (around 50statements/job, 2000 statements, around 40 jobs per card tray run).

University library gets ONR grant to do online library catalog and part of the money goes for 2321 datacell. Summer 1969 was also selected as one of the original CICS product betatest sites ... and supporting/debugging CICS was added to responsibility. One of the "bugs" was original CICS had some undocumented hard coded BDAM file options and university was using a different set of options. W/o source, it took some time to diagnose CICS startup was failing with BDAM file open.

lots of CICS history, gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/http://www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm
and
https://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm

Mid-90s, after leaving IBM was doing some work with NIH NLM on organization of medical knowledge. There was two people still there that had worked on the implementation back in the 60s, while they didn't use CICS for the front-end ... the backend was BDAM with similar organization to what univ. library was doing at the same time ... so we had some old war stories.

re: CE on univ, account; I sure do remember Kay, he was enormous help in getting the Interdata channel interface board working.

other univ. trivia: CP67 originally shipped with 1052 and 2741 support ... including doing automatic terminal identification (use IBM controler "SAD" ccw to change type of port/line scanner for terminal). UNiV. had some number TTY/ASCII terminals ... so I added TTY/ASCII terminal support ... including being able to automagically being able to identify all three types of terminals. I then wanted a single dial-in phone number (single "hunt group") for all terminals ... didn't quite work, IBM had taken short cut and while type of port/line scanner could be change for every line, the line speed was hardwired (for each line, 1052&2741 line speed was same but TTY/ASCII was different). This somewhat was motivation for the univ. to start clone controller project, design/build channel attach board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate IBM terminal controller ... but adding dynamic line speed support. This was expanded to Interdata/4 for interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for port/line interfaces ... and was sold commercially by Interdata (later Perkin/Elmer) ... four of us get written up for (some part of) IBM clone controller business.

channel trivia bug: early connecting interdata/3 to 360/67 multiplexor channel would "red light", hang processor. Turns out that channel had to release memory bus at least once every 13microseconds ... if the high resolution 13mic timer wasn't able to update location 80, and there was already a previous loc. 80 timer update pending ... it would redlight and hang the machine.

re: Wylbur;

NOTE: stanford originally (also) got 360/67 for tss/370 ... and when that wasn't coming around, like UofMich (MTS, michigan terminal system), Stanford wrote their own virtual memory operating system for the 360/67. WYLBUR was originally implemented by Stanford for that operating system ... later it was ported to MVS.

The operating system was ORVYL
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ORVYL_and_WYLBUR
take-off on the wright brothers

other trivia: WYLBUR "single address space" is very much like CICS. circa 2000, I was in major datacenter that had banner about the system was running 129 CICS copies/instances

even more (NIH) trivia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Houston_Automatic_Spooling_Priority

In HASP II V3, NIH created the shared spool capability for HASP that was used by many mainframe sites. It allowed each HASP system to share a common spool and checkpoint. This enabled workload balancing in a multi-mainframe environment. In HASP II V4, Mellon Bank - Don Greb & Dave Miko moved shared spool to this version and carried it forward into JES2 multi-access spool (IBM's formal support of HASP in MVS). Over 350 copies of the HASP II V4 shared spool mods were distributed around the world. The shared spool Mellon Mods were added to the SHARE distribution process so they could be more widely accessed.

... snip ...

Early 70s, my wife was in the gburg JES group and one of the "catchers" for ASP ... turning into JES3. She was then co-author of JESUS (JES Unified System) ... specification for combined product with all the features of JES2 and JES3 that the respective customers couldn't live w/o (for various reasons it never came to fruition).

CICS &/or BDAM posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics
clone controller posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm
HASP (& JES) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dumb Terminal Paradigm

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Dumb Terminal Paradigm
Date: 07 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Late 80s, senior disk engineer gets talk scheduled at the annual, world-wde, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opens the talk with statement that the communication group will be responsible for the demise of the disk division. Issue was that the communicaiton group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls, and was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing, thrying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and (emulated) install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing IBM datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division was constantly coming up with solutions (to address the opportunity), but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

It wasn't just mainframe disks that were victims of the communication group and a few short years later, IBM goes into the red.

dumb terminal emulation paradigm posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Coup D'Oeil: Strategic Intuition in Army Planning

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Coup D'Oeil: Strategic Intuition in Army Planning
Date: 09 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Coup D'Oeil: Strategic Intuition in Army Planning
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=631

Dr. William Duggan shows how to reconcile analytical and intuitive methods of decisionmaking, by drawing on recent scientific research that brings the two together. He applies this new research to the Army's core methods of analytical decisionmaking as found in FM 5-0, Army Planning and Orders Production. The result is "strategic intuition," which bears remarkable resemblance to von Clausewitz's idea of coup d'oeil in his classic work, On War. Dr. Duggan's study provides a theoretical overview of strategic intuition and practical suggestions for amending FM 5-0 to take it into account.

... snip ...

The Book of Five Rings (The Way of the Warrior Series)
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07MS9VNY3/
loc95-96:

It is now during the first ten days of the tenth month in the twentieth year of Kanei (1645).


loc290-92:

The spirit of the Ni Ten Ichi school of strategy is based on water, and this Water Book explains methods of victory as the long-sword form of the Ichi school. Language does not extend to explaining the Way in detail, but it can be grasped intuitively.

... snip ...

Boyd OODA-loop, fingerspitzengefuhl, Coup d'oeil, intuition, etc

and a few centuries later, more language does not extend to explaining ...

How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.


... snip ...

The issue is that it can be more than just a "feeling" ... the person may actually know something for which there are no words to express what they know.

recent post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#20 The Book of Five Rings

Boyd posts & URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
Date: 12 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
https://www.defensenews.com/air/2019/06/12/supersonic-speeds-could-cause-big-problems-for-the-f-35s-stealth-coating/

The F22 coating was criticized for its coating being subject to moisture and not being able to take the F22 out in the weather. A newer coat was developed, less subject to weather condition and used for the F35. However, discussions about retrofitting to F22, there was concern that it wasn't durable for the higher F22 speeds (i.e. F22 was developed as air superiority fighter and F35 developed as "bomb truck" with F22 flying cover). Now the new coating may not even handle the F35 speeds?

... snip ...

military-industrial complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent F35 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#51 The Not-So-Secret Way to Kill an F-22 or F-35 Stealth Fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#61 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#44 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#36 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#17 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#117 F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#2 FY18 budget deal yields life-sustaining new wings for the A-10 Warthog
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#19 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#68 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#74 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#76 Why the F-35 Isn't Good Enough for Japan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#109 JSF/F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#20 Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#52 Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Future System

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Future System
Date: 12 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Future System in the early 70s, major motivation was countermeasure to clone controllers, make system/controller interface so complex that clone makers wouldn't be able to keep up. Lots of other complexity & blue sky, "single-level store, pagemapped fileysystem", similar to tss/360. Lots of other stuff. It seemed like lots of groups even had no idea how to implement. Lots of other info here:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone processor makers (including Amdahl) market foothold:

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat


and

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

I continued to work on 360/370 stuff all during the FS period, even periodically ridiculing FS (which wasn't exactly career enhancing activity). One of the things I had done was paged mapped filesystem ... that was at least times faster than standard CMS filesystem (for moderate I/O intensive benchmark) and scaled better as load increased. I would claim I learned what not to do as undergraduate, watching IBM SE work with TSS/360. We did fortran edit, compile and execute benchmark. CP67/CMS (standard filesystem) had better response and throughput running 35 (simulated) users than TSS/360 running just four users.

One of the final nails in the FS coffin was work by IBM Houston Science Center showing FS machine made out of the fastest available circuits would have execution speed equal to throughput of 370/145 (30 times slowdown compared to 370/195).

Folklore is that some of the FS people retreated to Rochester to do a vastly simplified FS for the low-end market (where the 30 times processor slowdown didn't play a factor), resulting in System/38. One of the simplifications was it treated all disk as common pool doing "scatter" allocation across all disks (where pieces of files could reside on multiple disks). As a result the whole filesystem had to be backed up and restored as single entity. Common failure at the time was single disk failure ... for small systems with a couple disks, wasn't too bad (replace the failed disk and then do a complete filesystem restore), but didn't scale well ... imagine a 100-300 disk configuration ... where anytime any disk failed ... every disk had to be restored. Even with S/38, recovery from failed disk could take 24hrs ... and was so catastrophic that S/38 was early RAID adopter (to mask single disk failure).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAID

In 1977, Norman Ken Ouchi at IBM filed a patent disclosing what was subsequently named RAID

... snip ...

After transferring to SJR in 2nd half of the 70s, I would run into Ken when I got to play disk engineer in bldg. 14&15.

The AS/400 started as consolidation as S/38 & S/36 (dropping some S/38 features)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System_i

Late 70s & early 80s, IBM had effort to move all the internal CISC microprocessors for low/mid range 370s, AS/400, controllers, etc to 801/RISC (Iliad chips). This included the 4331/4341 follow-on, 4361&4381 as well as AS/400. For various reasons these efforts floundered and things returned to custom CISC chips (including AS/400). Although a decade later, AS/400 finally does move to 801/risc (power/pc). trivia: I contributed to white paper for using custom CISC for 4361&4381. I think the 9370 may be from the 801/RISC effort than the much earlier FS.

Other tivia: as undergraduate in the 60s, I was involved in doing mainframe controller clone started with Interdata/3 then involved into Interdate/4 (for channel interface) plus cluster of Interdata/3s for port/line scanners. Interdata (later Perkin/Elmer) sold this as IBM compatible controller ... and four of us get written up as responsible for (some part of) the clone controller business. Various rumors that the complex and baroque nature of SNA/VTAM/NCP was continuation of the FS objective for countermeasure to clone controllers.

Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
clone controller posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm
801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, fort knox, pc/rt, rs/6000, power/pc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
getting to play disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Future System

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Future System
Date: 13 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#32 IBM Future System

i432 documentation talks about 1960 Burroughs 5000 capability based system, doesn't mention multics, but does mention S/38. Old post that reproduces part of the i432 intro
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#48
note that i432 documentation now also on bitsavers. At biennial ACM SIGOPS conference in the 80s, the i432 gave a talk. One of their problems was not only did they implement the operating system in the "hardware", but also directly in the silicon. Every time there was a bug found and/or a needed revision, they had to ship out a new chip.

some of the MIT 7094 CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
https://multicians.org/thvv/7094.html
went to the 5th flr to do Multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics

and others went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines (cp/40 for hardware modified 360/40 with virtual memory, which morphs into cp/67 when 360/67 standard with virtual memory became available), lots on online stuff and performance work ... also GML was invented at science center in 1969. CTSS runoff had been redone on CP67/CMS as SCRIPT and then after GML was invented, GML tag processing was added to SCRIPT.

MULTICS did do single level store ... somewhat like TSS/360 ... science center had lots of competition with TSS/360 for virtual memory system for 360/67 and essentially won (with lots more customers running CP/67 then TSS/36). Also some amount of competition with MULTICS that was in the same bldg, one floor above (also some number of the MIT people work on both CP/67 and MULTICS at various times).

One of the big online virtual machine based commercial service bureaus was TYMSHARE. In the early 70s, TYMSHARE also started doing their own "capability based" system for IBM 370s ... that was called GNOSIS
http://www.cap-lore.com/Agorics/Library/KeyKos/gnosisShare.html
In the early 80s, I was brought in to do detailed evaluation as part of GNOSIS spinoff (as KeyKos) after M/D bought TYMSHARE. For GNOSIS, they put in fine-grain accounting for being able to provide remittance to 3rd parties that offerred services on GNOSIS ... which accounted for 30% of total CPU use (when they eliminated it as part of transition to KeyKos). In late 80s, early 90s, they had redone some number of ACP/TPF applications and demonstrated that KeyKos ran them faster than ACP/TPF on the same hardware. Explanation was that KeyKos provided higher level abstration (and was looking at security certification with their capability implementation) was able to better dynamic optimization and scale-up.

Later some spinoffs did implementations on intel hardware, EROS and Coyotos
http://www.cap-lore.com/CapTheory/KK/Shap/eros-comparison.html
old news
https://tech.slashdot.org/story/05/01/25/1738206/coyotos-a-new-security-focused-os-language

trivia: after FS failure in the mid-70s, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 pipeline. Since I continued to do 360/370 stuff all through the FS period and continued to offer production operation systems for internal datacenters ... old references:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

decision was made to ship some of my stuff in various forms. I also got sucked into working with Endicott for ECPS microcode assist for Virgil/Tully (138/148 follow-on to 135/145) and working with 115/125 group on multiprocessor version (that never shipped). Corporate slapped Boeblingen for the 115/125 design, which was nine position memory bus for microprocessors. For 115, all the microprocessors were identical with different microcode loads (370, controllers, etc). The 125 was the same as 115, but the microprocessor that ran the 370 microcode was 50% faster. They wanted to have up to five "370" microporcessors configured in the same machine.

CMS started out being able to run on real 360/40 ... but then some number of things were done that raised the virtual machine interface to make CMS operation more efficient (but left startup switch to either use the "real" machine facilities, or the higher level abstration). I had really raised the abstraction for a CMS page-mapped filesystem (previous post I mention periodically commenting on what not to do observing the TSS/360 implementation, in part to achieve much higher performance & thruput, slightly analogous to the GNOSIS/EROS/Coyotos observation). The 138/148 ECPS put more of the operating system into microcode, more detailed discussion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

For the 125 5-way multiprocessor, I wanted to go far beyond ECPS ... putting almost all of multiprocessor support directly into microcode (circa later i432) as well as nearly all of the disk/filesystem interface. Later at i432 SIGOPS pitch, I would comment that the 125 5-way had advantage that it wasn't silicon, but easily updated microcode. The later PR/SM-LPAR for 3090 was just faithful emulation of hardware architecture with little bells & whistles for higher level abstraction providing for performance and scale-up.

trivia: We had friendly rivalry with MULTICS on the 5th flr. I would point out that it wasn't fair to compare the number of Multics customers with virtual machine customers and/or number of total internal virtual machine datacenters ... but would comment that at various times I had more internal datacenters running my enhanced operating system than the total MULTICS customers that ever existed.

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
SMP, multiprocessos and/or compare&swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
125 5-way posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Adding to Planetary Alarm Bells, Top US Finance Official Warns Climate Crisis a Recipe for Global Economic Collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Adding to Planetary Alarm Bells, Top US Finance Official Warns Climate Crisis a Recipe for Global Economic Collapse
Date: 13 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Adding to Planetary Alarm Bells, Top US Finance Official Warns Climate Crisis a Recipe for Global Economic Collapse
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/06/adding-to-planetary-alarm-bells-top-us-finance-official-warns-climate-crisis-a-recipe-for-global-economic-collapse.html

Demanding action from industries and government, a top federal regulator warned this week that the human-caused climate emergency poses a threat to the economy which rivals the subprime mortgage meltdown that led to the 2008 financial crisis.

... snip ...

trivia: Early 1999 was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). Was told that some investment bankers walked away "clean" from the S&L crisis, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hyper, IPO for a few billion, should then fail to leave the field clear for the next round of IPOs), and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages ... originate mortgage, securitize (package large numbers), pay for triple-A rating (when both the mortgage originators and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings), and sell into the bond market. Later they started doing securitized mortgages designed to fail (before that they didn't care whether they failed or not), sell into the bond market, and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail.

(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Transition to cloud computing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Transition to cloud computing
Date: 13 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
For a couple decades, the big cloud operators have claimed that they assemble their own servers for 1/3rd the cost of brand name servers (cloud few servers as a cost rather than profit). IBM sold off its server business about the time server chip makers announced that they were shipping over half their product directly to large cloud operations (also rumors that some of the brand name makers were selling large "white box" in-house cloud systems directly to corporations for minimal profit margins. cloud operations commoditizing servers and starting to dominate the market, even with significant leverage with server chip makers to design chips specifically for the cloud market. One of the issues was that with the radical reduction in server costs, power&cooling were starting to dominate costs ... and lot more attention paid to chip power/heat characteristics. Also cloud might have large numbers of idle resources for instant "ondemand" ... where power/cooling drops to zero when idle but can be instantly be brought online.

earlier, my periodically told story about late 80s, senior disk engineer gets talk scheduled at the annual, world-wde, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opens the talk with statement that the communication group will be responsible for the demise of the disk division. Issue was that the communicaiton group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls, and was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing, trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and (emulated) install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing IBM datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division was constantly coming up with solutions (to address the opportunity), but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

It wasn't just mainframe disks that were victims of the communication group and a few short years later, IBM goes into the red.

A couple years ago there was analysis the Z mainframe hardware sales were couple percent of revenue and dropping ... however the mainframe group represented 25% of revenue (and 40% of profit) ... aka software and services

Early 80s, I had project I called HSDT doing T1 (1.5/2.0 mbit/sec) and faster speed links ... both terrestrial and satellite, including working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect NSF Supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happens, and finally release RFP. Old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary announce
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
reference
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/
as regional networks connect into the centers, it morphs into NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet.

Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies, but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). Part of internal politics was the communication group was spreading a lot of internal misinformation implying that SNA/VTAM could do the job. Somebody collected a bunch of their internal email and forwarded to us ... heavily snipped and redacted (to protect the guilty).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

trivia ... in 90s, the emerging cluster scale-up (GRID) supercomputing shared lots of technology and components with emerging cloud computing. By 2000, SLAC machine room which had been large room filled with IBM mainframes was partially empty, but filled with rows of racks filled with PC server blades done by silicon valley "white box" assembler.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
dumb terminal paradigm posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

My wife was in the JES group in the mid-70s and one of the catchers for ASP, turning into JES3 ... also co-author of JESUS (JES Unified System), all the features that the respective JES2 & JES3 customers couldn't live w/o. She is then con'ed into going to POK to be responsible for loosely-coupled architecture where she does Peer-Coupled Shared Dasd architecture. She doesn't remain long because 1) little uptake (except for IMS hotstandy) until much later with SYSPLEX and Parallel SYSPLEX and 2) constant battles with communication group trying to force her into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation.

Peer-Coupled Shared Data architecture posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

One of the problems was VTAM had upper limit around 56kbits/sec ... based on RU size and upper limit on maximum RUs out waiting for ACKs (even for short haul terrestrial links). In the mid-80s, the communication group did report for the executive committee that customers wouldn't need T1 links until sometime into the 90s. They presented survey of VTAM "fat-pipe" (multiple parallel 56kbit links treated as single logical link) customers, where the number of "fat-pipes" drop to zero by six parallel links. What the communication didn't know (or didn't want to present) was that telco tariff for T1 links was about the same as 5or6 56kbit links; customers just switched to non-IBM controllers and protocols (we trivially found 200 mainframe customers running full T1).

Communication group eventually was forced to come out with 3737 that spoofed mainframe VTAM. It had huge boatload of memory and moto 68k processors simulating CTCA to mainframe, spoofing local VTAM with immediate ACKs, than doing constant streaming over dedicated T1 link to the remote 3737. Even with all the memory & processors, 3737 peaked about 2mbits/sec aggregate throughput. Full-duplex US 1.5mbit T1 is 3mbits/sec aggregate and EU 2mbit T1 is 4mbits/sec aggregate.

old 3737 email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
in this post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#77 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
and
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005
in this post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer

Communication group had heavily fought against releasing mainframe TCP/IP product. When they lost, they switched and since it was networking, it had to be released through the communication group. It got about 44kbytes/sec aggregate throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I did the RFC1044 enhancements and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and 4341 got channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction execution). In the early 90s, they hired a silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP support in VTAM. He initially demonstrated TCP/IP running much faster than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "knows" that a proper TCP/IP implementation runs much slower than LU6.2, and they would only be paying for a "proper" implementation.

RFC1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

Early 1979, I get con'ed into doing 4341 benchmark for national lab looking to getting seventy for compute farm ... sort of leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami. Decade later, I get dragged into doing HA/6000 (high availability), I quickly rename HA/CMP doing technical/scientific cluster scale-up with national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with RDBMS vendors. Old post about Jan1992 commercial cluster scale-up meeting in Ellison conference room about 16-way summer 1992 and 128-way ye1992
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a couple weeks of the Ellison meeting, cluster scale-up is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific only) and we are told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. Within a few months we leave IBM. Later two of the Oracle people in the Ellison meeting have left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called commerce server. They bring us in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also invented this technology they call "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I have absolute authority for the payment gateway and everything between webservers and the gateway (interfacing to the payment networks).

payment network gateway posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway
HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is America A Christian Nation?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Is America A Christian Nation?
Date: 16 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.au.org/resources/publications/is-america-a-christian-nation

Admittedly, the U.S. government has not always lived up to its constitutional principles. In the late 19th century especially, officials often promoted a de facto form of Protestantism. Even the U.S. Supreme Court fell victim to this mentality in 1892, with Justice David Brewer declaring in Holy Trinity v. United States that America is "a Christian nation."

It should be noted, however, that the Holy Trinity decision is a legal anomaly. It has rarely been cited by other courts, and the "Christian nation" declaration appeared in dicta, a legal term meaning writing that reflects a judge's personal opinion, not a mandate of the law. Also, it is unclear exactly what Brewer meant. In a book he wrote in 1905, Brewer pointed out that the United States is Christian in a cultural sense, not a legal one.


... snip ...

The Christian Nation Debate and the U.S. Supreme Court
https://journals.openedition.org/ejas/8882

1. Historical Background

To begin with, we need to note that the United States is a secular nation. The First Amendment to the Constitution (1791) prohibits Congress from making any laws concerning an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise of religion: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." Thus, at the national, there is to be no religious establishment and individuals are to have religious freedom. The provisions of the First Amendment were eventually held to apply to the individual states as well as the Federal government as a result of the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment (1868). The debates concerning the religious clauses of the First Amendment indicate that there was not just a single viewpoint about church-state relations.


... snip ...

Founding Fathers: We Are Not a Christian Nation
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/founding-fathers-we-are-n_b_6761840

"In God We Trust"

Our national obsession with God in politics is actually a recent phenomenon and would seem completely alien to any of our founders. "In God We Trust" was first placed on United States coins in 1861, during the Civil War. (More about that in a bit.) Teddy Roosevelt tried to remove the words from our money in 1907 but was shouted down. Only in 1956 was that expression adopted as the national motto by the 84th Congress. The clause "under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance was inserted only in 1954, when President Eisenhower signed legislation to recognize "the dedication of our Nation and our people to the Almighty." But conservatives, ignorant of our history, or willfully ignoring it, wish us to believe that the pledge always referenced God.


... snip ...

After WW2, 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity, part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

Smedley Butler - Business Plot
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler#Business_Plot

The McCormack-Dickstein Committee said of Butler's testimony in its final report, "In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country... There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient."

... snip ...

1930s plot to overthrow the president
https://www.arcadiapublishing.com/navigation/community/arcadia-and-thp-blog/september-2018/smedley-butler-and-the-1930s-plot-to-overthrow-the

Smedley Butler and the 1930s Plot to Overthrow the President - Even more unbelievable were his claims of who was involved in the plot - respected names like Robert Sterling Clark, Grayson M.P. Murphy, and Prescott Bush. While news media at the time mocked Butler's story, recently discovered archives have revealed the truth behind Major General Butler's claims.

... snip ...

How Bush's grandfather helped Hitler's rise to power
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/sep/25/usa.secondworldwar

John Foster Dulles also played major role in rebuilding German economy, industry and military from the 20s up through the early 40s.
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:

In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.


loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.


loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program needed locations of industrial and military targets in Germany, they got the information from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
military-industrial complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

other Smedley refs:

War Is a Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
War profiteering
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_profiteering
Perpetual war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
Economic Hit Man
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

posts mentioning Prescott Bush
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#6 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#86 Thanks Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#78 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets

other posts mentioning John Foster Dulles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#2 Smedley Butler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#83 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#22 Ironic old "fortune"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#85 Early use of word "computer", 1944
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#102 75 years ago, Hitler invaded Poland. Here's how it happened
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#74 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#21 Norden bombsight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#31 The U.S. was not founded as a Christian nation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#8 The First World War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#67 IBM's Chief Executive's Message to Shareholders 75 Years Ago
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#61 How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#103 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#33 old grudges, Computers, anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#70 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#77 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017; The ratio of CEO-to-worker compensation grew to 312-to-1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#50 More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is America A Christian Nation?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Is America A Christian Nation?
Date: 16 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?

besides major corporations propaganda program to equate capitalism with christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
have also scammed the supreme court that corporations are people
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

recent posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#36 OT: Trump
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#107 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#8 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#70 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#78 A Short History Of Corporations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#12 For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
Date: 16 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-06-16/did-b-team-overplay-its-hand-iran

The "B-Team" consists of U.S. National Security Advisor John Bolton, Israeli Prime Minister (nee Dictator) Benjamin Netanyahu, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman and the UAE's Mohammed bin Zayed.

... snip ...

"team b" reference

Family of Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/

Lots of stuff about how intertwined old boys network, ivy league, etc ... CIA does a lot of recruiting in those places including plausibly H.W. Bush. It has Bush creating "Team B" after becoming CIA Director. All the other references I've read, "Team B" has Colby not approving the analysis and Rumsfeld getting Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

Also touches a little how heavily involved the family was in the S&L crisis in various ways (and then again with economic mess this century).

Does refer to lots of support for Saddam, starting with Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war

Other reports have White House tolerating invasion of Kuwait ... it was when Saddam was marshaling forces for invasion of Saudi Arabia, then H.W. had to choose between Saddam and Saudis. Then this century, using fabricated WMDs as excuse for invasion.

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, H. is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

military-industrial-complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Team B posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
Military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

S&L crisis posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

other b-team reference:

"Confidence Men" has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Deutsche Bank To Launch EU50 Billion "Bad Bank" Housing Billions In Toxic Derivatives

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Deutsche Bank To Launch EU50 Billion "Bad Bank" Housing Billions In Toxic Derivatives
Date: 16 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Deutsche Bank To Launch EU50 Billion "Bad Bank" Housing Billions In Toxic Derivatives
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-06-16/deutsche-bank-launch-eu50-billion-bad-bank-housing-billions-toxic-derivatives

Early 1999 was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). Was told that some investment bankers walked away "clean" from the S&L crisis, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hyper, IPO for a few billion, should then fail to leave the field clear for the next round of IPOs), and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages ... originate mortgage, securitize (package large numbers), pay for triple-A rating (when both the mortgage originators and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings), and sell into the bond market. Later they started doing securitized mortgages designed to fail (before that they didn't care whether they failed or not, now they cared, but not exactly in the traditional way), sell into the bond market, and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail.

Originally SECTREAS got $700B TARP funds appropriated, supposedly for purchasing these (triple-A rated) off-book toxic assets.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troubled_Asset_Relief_Program

However, there had been over $27T done 2001-2008 and just the four largest TBTF were still holding $5.2T 2008YE ... the $700B would hardly make a dent in the problem. TARP was used for other purposes and it was left to the Federal Reserve to do the real bailout, purchasing trillions in toxic assets and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate_policy

The largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in, has them sign that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets, and take TARP funds to payoff at face-value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs is the firm formally headed by the SECTREAS

S&L crisis posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
ZIRP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World
Date: 17 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-06-17/when-dead-companies-dont-die-welcome-fat-slow-world

The policies created to pull the world out of recession are still in place, but now they are strangling the global economy...

... snip ...

"Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
... more Economic Hit Man
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
which extends back to WAR IS RACKET
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Forgotten Operating System That Keeps the NYC Subway System Alive

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Forgotten Operating System That Keeps the NYC Subway System Alive
Date: 17 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Forgotten Operating System That Keeps the NYC Subway System Alive
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/zmp8gy/the-forgotten-operating-system-that-keeps-the-nyc-subway-system-alive

Vintage technology has powered the innards of the NYC subway system for decades--and sometimes, it surfaces in interesting ways. This one's for you, OS/2 fans.

... snip ...

trivia: OS/2 group sends email to Endicott (vm370 group) asking them how to do (mutli-tasking) scheduling, Endicott sends them to Kingston, Kingston sends them to me ... some old email:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#email871204
and
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#email871204b

There was IBM group in silicon valley working on software for ACORN (IBM/PC) ... and constantly polling Boca to make sure they had no interest in doing software. Then at some point, Boca change their mind and said that only they could do software (and you had to transfer to Boca if you wanted to work on IBM/PC software) ... and/or contract with external companies for software (so there was no internal competition).

before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before cp/m, kildall worked on cp67/cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School
cp67/cms (aka precursor to vm/370)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
before cp67/cms ... there was virtual machine, interactive computing cp/40
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

recent long-winded post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#28 CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
scheduling posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Jun 2019 05:26:47 -0700
0000014ab5cdfb21-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Mike Wawiorko) writes:

Remember back in 1980 there was no sysplex. Each machine was a stand-alone system with a single operating system - if we ignore VM guests.

There was a proliferation of 4341s, 4361s(?), 4381s and even a bit later 9370s running MVS. OS/VS1, OS/VS2, VM, DOS (the mainframe one not the PC one), TPF and possibly others.

Also remember non-IBM mainframes. Boroughs comes to mind but there were others.



re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#0 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#1 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#5 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#9 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#10 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#12 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#16 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Early 1979 (before first customer ship), I was con'ed into doing 4341 benchmark for national lab that was looking at getting 70 for compute farm ... sort of leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami. cluster of five 4341s had more compute and I/O power than 3033, less expensive, less floor space, less power & environmentals. At some point POK felt so threatened that they got corporate to cut in half critical 4341 manufacturing component.

Also large corporations were ordering (VM/370) 4341+3370 FBAs, hundreds at a time for placing out in departmental areas (inside IBM, departmental conference rooms became scarce commodity since so many were being used for vm4341s), sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami. One of the issues for MVS was that 3380s (even 3380 had already moved to small fixed sized blocks, can see in size roundup calculations for records/track) were high-end datacenter disks ... FBA were the only mid-range that could be used out in non-datacenter environment. Eventually 3375 CKD was produced, 3370 FBA simulating CKD for MVS ... however, it didn't do MVS a whole lot of good. Large customers with hundreds of distributed VM/4300s were looking at large number of (distributed and/or clustered) systems per support/operational staff ... while MVS was still (large) number of staff per system (today's large cloud megadatacenters have several hundred thousand systems with 80-120 staff).

DASD, CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

Old post with decade of DEC VAX sales, sliced&diced by year, model, US/non-US (discount microvax, half the total). VM/4300s sales in single or small unit number orders were similar (as VAX numbers), a big difference were large corporations ordering hundreds of vm/4341s at a time for departmental, distributed operation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

The internal network (non-SNA) was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s. The big difference for arpanet/internet was the change-over from IMPs/host protocol to internetworking protocol on 1Jan1983. At that time, it had approx. 100 IMP network nodes and 250 mainframe hosts ... while the IBM internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes (which it passes a few months later), a huge influx were the distributed vm/4300s all over the world. Old post with list of world-wide corporate locations that added one or more network nodes during 1983.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Some of the MIT CTSS/7094 people had gone to the 5th floor to do MULTICS while others went to the IBM science center on the 4th floor and did virtual machines, internal network, bunch of online and performance technology (GML was invented at the science center in 1969, GML tag processing was then added to CMS SCRIPT ... which was a reimplementation of CTSS RUNOFF).

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

There was some amount of (friendly) rivalry between 5th and 4th flrs. One of MULTICS premier installations was USAF data services ... old email about they wanted to come out to talk to me about 20 vm/4341s
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404b

when they finally got around to coming out six months later (fall 1979), it had grown to 210 vm/4341s. Other old reference to virtual machines at some government agencies starting in the 60s ... gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine:
https://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

trivia: my wife was in the Gburg JES group and one of he catchers for ASP to turn in JES3 ... also co-author of JESUS (JES Unified System), all the features of the two systems that the respective JES2 & JES3 customers couldn't live w/o (for various reasons, it never came to fruition). She was then con'ed into going to POK to be responsible for loosely-coupled architecture where she did Peer-Coupled Shared Data architecture. She didn't remain long in part because of 1) little uptake (except for IMS hot standby), until SYSPLEX and Parallel SYSPLEX much later and 2) constant battles with communication group trying to force her into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation.

Peer-Coupled Shared Data architecture posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
Date: 18 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
https://theintercept.com/2019/06/17/indian-child-welfare-act-goldwater-institute-legal-battle/

Enormous fraud, enormous political corruption (at both federal and state levels), and house of cards, similar to what went on last decade during economic mess

Railroad hyperbole echoes all the way down to the dot-com frenzy
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and Railroaded
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pg77/pg1984-86:

By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.


pg510/loc10030-33:

The result was not only unneeded railroads whose effects were as often bad as beneficial but also corruption of the markets and the government. The men who directed this capital were frequently not themselves capitalists. They were entrepreneurs who borrowed money or collected subsidies. These entrepreneurs did not invent the railroad, but they were inventing corporations, railroad systems, and new forms of competition. Those things yielded both personal wealth and social disasters.


pg515/loc10118-22:

The need to invest capital and labor in large amounts to maintain and upgrade what had already been built was one debt owed to the past, but the second one was what Charles Francis Adams in his days as a reformer referred to as a tax on trade. All of the watered stock, money siphoned off into private pockets, waste, and fraud that characterized the building of the railroads created a corporate debt that had to be paid through higher rates and scrimping on service. A shipper in 1885 was still paying for the frauds of the 1860s.

... snip ...

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess


... snip ...

except Sherman wasn't slaughtering women and children, practicing genocide.
https://www.amazon.com/Generals-South-North-Commanders-Reconsidered-ebook/dp/B012A1WML6/
loc6085-88:

Despite the mixed results of his approach to cavalry and the moral ambiguity (in the Indian Wars verging on genocide) of his policy of waging war on civilians, it cannot be denied that Sheridan was a superb leader of troops, a fine tactician, and an aggressive fighter, who was especially effective in forcing Lee to surrender his Army of Northern Virginia in the closing weeks of the Civil War.

... snip ...

recent railroaded and/or sheridan posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#40 Indian Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 9020

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 9020
Date: 19 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
past refs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#73 The Brawl in IBM 1964
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#88 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's

The Brawl in IBM 1964
https://www.amazon.com/Brawl-IBM-1964-Joseph-Fox/dp/1456525514

In the 90s, after leaving IBM, I did a project with the author ... he had left IBM and started a company with some of the other people that had worked on the ATC.

They did mission critical projects ... in the case of the project worked with them was financial ... but they had also done a ATC system (that didn't run on IBM hardware) that they were selling to 3rd world countries.

The last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP ... which overlapped IBM's work on ATC modernization effort ... and got to review some of the activity. They had made a major goof and were still trying to recover/fix it when we left IBM

I did some consulting in the late 90s for one of companies selling Intel processors running mainframe emulation software ... they commented that one of their customers were ATC in the denver area running 60s era software.

more 9020
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_9020
HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

part of thread, answers to question about relation to other ancient systems

Future System

lots of FS
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
one of the last nails in FS coffin was study that showed an FS machine made from the fastest available technology would have throughput of 370/145 ... aka 30 times slowdown. S/38 significantly simplified a lot of FS as well as the enormous performance slowdown wasn't an issue in the lowend market.

After the death of FS, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product line (FS was completely different than 370 and 370 efforts were being shutdown during the FS period), 3033 and 3081 were Q&D projects kicked off in the wake of FS failure. 3033 started out with 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips and 3081 was some warmed over FS technology. It isn't until you get to 3090 that you start having new system design.

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

3033

low and mid-range 360s & 370s had integrated channel microcode ... 360/65 (and above) had external channels. With the death of FS, there was mad rush to get products back into 370 pipeline and 3033 and 3081 were Q&D efforts kicked off in parallel. 3033 started out 168-3 logic mapped to 20% faster chips. For the (external) 303x channel director, they took 158-3 engine with just the integrated channel microcode (and w/o 370 microcode). A 3031 was two 158-3 engines, one with just the 370 microcode and a 2nd with just the integrated channel microcode (for external channel director). A 3032 was 168-3 reworked for 303x channel directors as external channels.

Note 360/67 simplex (single processor) was 360/65 with dynamic address translation added (virtual memory). A 360/67 multiprocessor added multiported memory and channel director and all processors could address all channels. A 360/65 multiprocessor didn't have multi-ported memory and each processor had to have its own dedicated external channels (symmetric operation was simulated with multichannel control units connected to different processor channels at the same address).

3081

from FS paper (also some 3033 & 3081)
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

The 370 emulator minus the FS microcode was eventually sold in 1980 as as the IBM 3081. The ratio of the amount of circuitry in the 3081 to its performance was significantly worse than other IBM systems of the time; its price/performance ratio wasn't quite so bad because IBM had to cut the price to be competitive. The major competition at the time was from Amdahl Systems -- a company founded by Gene Amdahl, who left IBM shortly before the FS project began, when his plans for the Advanced Computer System (ACS) were killed. The Amdahl machine was indeed superior to the 3081 in price/performance and spectaculary superior in terms of performance compared to the amount of circuitry.]

... snip ...

could make the claim that the enormous increase in circuitry is what necessitated the introduction of TCM packaging.

most benchmarks that clocked 168-3 at 3mips, clocked 3033 at 4.5mips, 50% faster (having started out as 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips ... then other tweaks done). 3081D claimed two 5mip processors ... but numerous benchmarks had a 3081D processor running slower than 3033. 3081K was introduced with twice the cache size, which supposedly gave 7MIPS/processor (14MIPS total), however there were benchmarks that had 3081K processor only slightly faster than 3033.

lashing two 3081Ks together for 3084 ran into lots of cache consistency performance problems (cache coherency algorithms broadcasting invalidates from three other processors rather than just one). There was significant amount of kernel code tuning trying to reduce all the cache consistency overhead increase.

Amdahl announce week after 3081 announce.
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/Amdahl/datapro/70C-044-01_8101_Amdahl_470.pdf

The Model 5860 has twice the performance of Amdahl's former top-end system, the 470V /8, giving it an execution speed of approximately 13 MIPS (million instructions per second). The dual-processor Model 5880 is rated at about 22 MIPS, or about 3.5 times as powerful as the 470V /8. lBM's 3081, a dual-processor system in its basic configuration, is rated at about IO MIPS.

... snip ...

The single processor 5860 almost as fast as the 3081k claimed aggregate performance (but actually faster) ... and the dual processor 5880 significantly faster than 4-way 3084 (two 3081s lashed together).

trivia: 3081 originally announced a multiprocessor (only, no plans for single processor) and called a "dyadic" (two processor) ... because previous mainframe two processor machines could be partitioned and run as two single processor machines ... which couldn't do with 3081.

At the time ACP/TPF didn't have (tightly coupled) multiprocessor support ... just loosely-coupled support and IBM was afraid that that market would move in mass to faster single processor from clone makers (like Amdahl 5860, actually faster than two processor 3081k). Eventually started looking at removing 2nd processor from 3081. I have some old email from somebody in the group about the simple solution would have made the box dangerously top-heavy ... since the 2nd processor was in the middle of the box. They had to both remove the 2nd processor and do rewiring to move the 1st processor to the middle of the box. This eventually is announced as 3083 (primarily motivated by the ACP/TPF market). Since the 3083 is less than half the speed of 5860, they eventually also do a special microcode load for the channels tailored to ACP/TPF operational characteristics ... as 3083JX

Stretch (& ACS)

Stretch was high performance for gov.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_7030_Stretch
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP7030.html
http://www.dvorak.org/blog/whatever-happened-to-the-ibm-stretch-computer/

ACS was something of follow-on supercomputer .... but totally incompatible with 360. Amdahl then did a 360 compatible supercomputer version .. however executives were worried that it would advance the state of the art too fast and they would loose control of the market; it gets shutdown and Amdahl leaves shortly afterwards ... lot more
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

at the bottom of above, it gives some of the ACS/360 features that showup in the ES/9000 more than 20yrs later

ACP/TPF

TPF came from ACP, airline control program for airline computerized reservations.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Airline_Control_Program it was
renamed when found that some known airlines were using it (for non-airline reservations).

One of the problems in the early 80s, was it didn't have multiprocessor support ... and the new 3081 was originally going to come in multiprocessor versions. There was concern that the whole TPF market was going to migrate to 370 clone markers that were coming out with newer, faster single processor systems.

Eventually IBM did come out with 3083 (3081 with one of the processors removed) ... primarily motivated by the lack of multiprocessor support in ACP/TPF

earlier history
https://web.archive.org/web/20041204030934/http://www.blackbeard.com/tpf/tpfhist.htm

The SABER name was later changed to the name more familiar to us today: SABRE. The system was actually implemented in 1962 and reportedly cost $30 million. Initially the hardware it ran on was an IBM 7090 processor, a second generation computer using disk files and specialized terminals developed for the airline reservation function. Also developed during this project were some innovations in communications technology, namely the concepts of line concentration and of medium and low speed data sets. Also the use of a front-end-processor, development and improvement of large capacity rotating storage media (disk drives), fast direct access techniques for data stored on disk drives and the techniques of writing relocatable and reentrant code. Most of these technical points will be discussed in the later chapters but it should already be clear that the need for a fast computer system for the specific problems that faced the airline industry also contributed to the development of many of the features we take for granted in our computers today.

... snip ...

some recent posts mentioning 3083
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#74 Lineage of TPF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#81 DEC and The Americans
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#82 DEC and The Americans
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#23 IBM's 3033; "The Big One": IBM's 3033
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#130 3380 & 3081 history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#20 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#84 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#94 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#37 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#33 Bad History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#39 IBM etc I/O channels?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#60 SABRE after the 7090
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#62 The IRS Really Needs Some New Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#89 Earth's atmosphere just crossed another troubling climate change threshold
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#70 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#71 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#77 How many years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#13 Tandem Memo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM

old 9020 threads
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#102 IBM 9020 computers used by FAA (was Re: EPO stories (was: HELP IT'S HOT!!!!!))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#103 IBM 9020 computers used by FAA (was Re: EPO stories (was: HELP IT'S HOT!!!!!))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#108 IBM 9020 computers used by FAA (was Re: EPO stories (was: HELP IT'S HOT!!!!!))
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#15 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#17 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#71 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#2 Most complex instructions (was Re: IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#3 Most complex instructions (was Re: IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#14 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#15 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#65 FAA 9020 - S/360-65 or S/360-67?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#66 FAA 9020 - S/360-65 or S/360-67?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#67 FAA 9020 - S/360-65 or S/360-67? --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 9020

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 9020
Date: 19 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020

other 360/370 trivia:

I recently polled on most significant IBM mainframes:
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_FT2.html

part of answer was 360/85 ... first cache machine.

part of the answer included copy of 23Apr1981 email from POK ... mentioning 85/165/168/trout (trout becomes trout 1.5 and ships as 3090, two decades, 360/85 1968 continues until 1990 when es/9000 comes out):

"in some sense true. but we haven't built an interesting high-speed machine in 10 years. look at the 85/165/168/3033/trout. all the same machine with treaks here and there. and the hordes continue to sweep in with faster and faster machines. true, endicott plans to bring the low/middle into the current high-end arena, but then where is the high-end product development?"


old email from hudson valley:

Date: 04/23/81 09:57:42
To: wheeler

your ramblings concerning the corp(se?) showed up in my reader yesterday. like all good net people, i passed them along to 3 other people. like rabbits interesting things seem to multiply on the net. many of us here in pok experience the sort of feelings your mail seems so burdened by: the company, from our point of view, is out of control. i think the word will reach higher only when the almighty $$$ impact starts to hit. but maybe it never will. its hard to imagine one stuffed company president saying to another (our) stuffed company president i think i'll buy from those inovative freaks down the street. '(i am not defending the mess that surrounds us, just trying to understand why only some of us seem to see it).

bob tomasulo and dave anderson, the two poeple responsible for the model 91 and the (incredible but killed) hawk project, just left pok for the new stc computer company. management reaction: when dave told them he was thinking of leaving they said 'ok. 'one word. 'ok. ' they tried to keep bob by telling him he shouldn't go (the reward system in pok could be a subject of long correspondence). when he left, the management position was 'he wasn't doing anything anyway. '

in some sense true. but we haven't built an interesting high-speed machine in 10 years. look at the 85/165/168/3033/trout. all the same machine with treaks here and there. and the hordes continue to sweep in with faster and faster machines. true, endicott plans to bring the low/middle into the current high-end arena, but then where is the high-end product development?


... snip ... top of post, old email index

note: trout/3090 engineers thought they were doing much better than 3081 (warmed over FS technology from the early 70s used in the early 80s, not part of 85/165/168/3033/trout).
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
also end of ACS/360 has references to features that show up in ES/9000 more than two decades later (after ACS/360 was shutdown).
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

some old thread
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#16 On the 370/165 and the 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#11 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#105 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#107 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#109 high end, was IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#111 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 9020

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM 9020
Date: 19 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#45 IBM 9020

When Charlie was doing CP/67 fine-grain multiprocessor locking at the science center, he invented the compare&swap instruction (name chosen because CAS are Charlie's initials). When first attempted to get it added to 370, it was rebuffed, the 370 architecture owners claiming the POK favorite son operating system people claiming 360 test&set was sufficient for multiprocessor support (global spinlock to enter kernel). Eventually came up with the uses by multithreaded applications (especially large DBMS) and are applicable for both single processor and multiprocessor operation, the examples still appear in Pinciples of Operation.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech csc/vm (&/or sjr/vm) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#cscvm
SMP &/or compare&swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... including the world-wide sales&marketing support HONE system ... initially CP/67 and then VM370 when I got around to migrating from CP/67 to VM/370 ... some old email about getting around to moving from CP67 to VM370 and doing CSC/VM distribution system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

The original VM370 was targeted at 370/145 and lots of stuff from CP67 was dropped and/or significantly simplified.

HONE had moved from CP67 to VM370 and was really glad to see my CSC/VM (which was also about the time they consolidated all the US HONE datacenters in Palo Alto, and a little before I transferred from the science center at MIT to San Jose Research and could spend more physical time at HONE, my internal CSC/VM becomes SJR/VM). Most of HONE applications had started out on CMS\APL with CP/67 and then moved to VM370 APL\CMS ... and were quite CPU intensive ... the consolidation in Palo Alto allowed them to create one of the largest loosely-coupled single system image complexes in the world with 168-3 processors (large shared disk farm with load balancing and fall-over across the complex).

However, they are still constrained ... so I add multiprocessor support to a VM370 release 3 SJR/VM ... and they can upgrade all their loosely-coupled machines to two-way tightly coupled multiprocessor (becoming the largest single-system cluster complex in the world).

Normally 370 cache machines slow down the machine cycle for two-way by 10% to handle cross-cache chatter ... base 2-way hardware starts out as 1.8 single processor. Then actually handling cross-cache chatter can slow down hardware even further ... and standard POK operating system multiprocessor overhead then will result in rating two-way 370 at 1.3-1.5 times a single processor 370. For release 3, I did some slight of hand multiprocessor support that resulted in minimal pathlenghth and in effect a kind of "cache affinity" (managing interrupts and cache misses) so the effective throughput of HONE 2-way could actually be better than twice a single processor. A form of multiprocessor was finally shipped to customers in VM370 release 4 (with some of the slight of hand work).

hone posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Roll forward to 3081 time-frame and some group redoes the VM370 multiprocessor support (significantly driving up SIGP use, interrrupts, and multiprocessor degradation) which reduces throughput for existing customers, running on the same hardware, by at minimum of 10%. A gov. agency, large long time online virtual machine back to 60s with CP/67, starts really complaining. I eventually get asked if I could roll-back the changes and/or make other improvements to improve the situation. Old email referencing a specific 3-letter agency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420
in this post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#57

as mentioned, there was some work on full-screen 3270 terminal I/O that would help mask the downside of the multiprocessor changes for some customers, however this particular gov TLA agency was all 1200 baud glass teletype.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Day of Reckoning for KPMG-Failures in Ethics

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Day of Reckoning for KPMG-Failures in Ethics
Date: 19 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Day of Reckoning for KPMG-Failures in Ethics
http://fcpacompliancereport.com/2019/06/day-reckoning-kpmg-failures-ethics/
The KPMG cheating scandal was much more widespread than originally thought
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/the-kpmg-cheating-scandal-was-much-more-widespread-than-originally-thought-2019-06-18

In the wake of the ENRON scandal, congress said that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time. However there were comments that SOX wouldn't actually change things, that congress felt badly about the demise of Anderson (as part of ENRON scandal) and that SOX was really to drastically increase public company audit expense (as a gift to the audit industry).

Possibly because even GAO didn't believe tha SOX would make any difference, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reporting, even showing that they increased after SOX went into effect (and nobody doing jail time).

Enron scandal
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enron_scandal
Arthur Andersen LLP v. United States
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Andersen_LLP_v._United_States

Arthur Andersen returns 12 years after Enron scandal
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/banksandfinance/11069713/Arthur-Andersen-returns-12-years-after-Enron-scandal.html

ENRON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
financial reporting fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud.fraud

In the congressional Madoff hearings, they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in; there was talk that Madoff had defrauded some unsavory characters and he was looking for gov. protection). Congress asked him if new regulations were needed and he replied that new regulations might be needed, much more important was transparency and visibility (possibly because SEC wasn't enforcing the regulations they had).

Madoff posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

other ENRON trivia:

ENRON audit committee included Wendy Gramm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enron_scandal#Audit_committee

The #2 person on times list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
was responsible for GLBA ... known for repeal of Glass-Steagall (head of CITI had enlisted SECTREAS to help with the repeal, the SECTREAS then resigns and joins CITI after he helps get the repeal going). However, #2 is on the list for legislation preventing CDS gambling bets from being regulated.

The chair of CFTC proposed regulating the CDS gambling bets, the chair was then quickly replaced with #2's wife ... while he got provision added to the law to prevent regulation (originally referred to as gift to ENRON). When that was done, #2's wife resigned and joined the ENRON board and audit committee. Gramm and the 'Enron Loophole'
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html
Enron was

a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.


Phil Gramm's Enron Favor .. gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/

A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this, the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in attendance fees


Before becoming chair of CFTC, Wendy was at Koch brothers Foundation
https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Mercatus_Center#Connections_to_NFIB_and_Environmental_Deregulation
and
https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Mercatus_Center#The_Enron_Loophole
more here at "Dark Money"
https://www.amazon.com/Dark-Money-History-Billionaires-RadicalRight-ebook/dp/B0180SU4OA/

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
Date: 20 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
https://www.cbronline.com/news/ibm_numbers_bipolars_days_with_g5_cmos_mainframes/

The Turbo Symphonies may offer 125 MIPS, but the standard Symphony chips used in most of the 15 new 9672 models announced on May 7 will provide 115 MIPS of power. The models using the slower G5 chips will ship in the third week of August, while the Turbo models will ship in mid-September. IBM will begin early shipments to selected customers in July.

... snip ...

9672
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/390#9672

G1, 6 processors, 66MIPS (10MIPS/proc), 1994
G2, 10 processors, 171MIPS (17MIPS/proc), 1995
G3, 10 processors, 374MIPS (37MIPS/proc), 1996
G4, 10 processors, 447MIPS (45MIPS/proc), 1997
G5, 10 processors, 1069MIPS (107MIPS/proc), 1998
G6, 12 processors, 1644MIPS (137MIPS/proc), 1999


...

In the course of next generations, CPUs added more instructions and increased performance. All 9672s were CMOS, but were slower than the 9021 bipolar machines until the G5 models. CMOS designs permitted much smaller mainframes, such as the Multiprise 3000 introduced in 1999, which was actually based on 9672 G5. The 9672 G3 model and the Multiprise 2000 were the last versions to support pre-XA System/370 mode.

... snip ...

Boeblingen had done 3chip (ROMAN) full 370 in the early 80s, that had performance of 370/168-3 ... in 1984, I was trying to have project that would cram as many as possible into a rack (alternatively early 20MIPS 801/RISC). A German clone mainframe maker (that partnered w/Amdahl) came into possession of the detailed specification, somebody from Amdahl confiscated it and sent it to me (as way of returning to IBM, believing that it had been illegally obtained).

There was XT/370 (& AT/370) cards connected to PC, "microcoded" M68k chips providing approx. 100KIPS 370. Then A74 workstation getting 350KIPS 370, old email with A74 (7437) being announced
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email880622
Old post with A74 press/news items (follows 40 URLs for previous A74 related posts)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#4
old long-winded post including reference some kernel software I did for A74 (change from 2k to 4k storage protect keys).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#56
some more
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#email850503
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#35

By mid-90s IBM/Motorola PowerPC 603 was 423MIPs @ 300MHZ and Pentium Pro 541MIPS @ 200MHZ (MIPS benchmark number of iterations compared to 370/158-3 assumed to be 1MIP processor).

mainframe CMOS this century

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017

by comparison, z196 era intel, e5-2600 blade, two 4-core chips (8 processors) 400BIPS-520BIPS (depending on model), 65BIPS/proc (each processor more than max. configured z196). Most recent up to 8 chip sockets, 56core/chip , 448 cores (processors), SMP shared memory, providing large number of TIPS (1000s BIPS)

I haven't seen it said, but seems like latest mainframes more layered on top of risc micro-ops .... something like what intel had done starting sometime in the 90s.

z196 documents did say that over half the per-processor improvement from z10 to z196 was introduction of out-of-order execution, branch prediction, speculative execution, etc ... features that have been in other platforms for some time ... in part helping mask the "growing" latency to memory ... i.e. latency to memory (cache miss) when measured in number of processor cycles ... is comparable to 60s disk latency (when measured in number 60s processor cycles).

In 1976, I was involved in 16-way 370 and had con'ed the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time. Everybody thot it was great until somebody tells head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system has effective 16-way support. Then some of us are invited to never visit POK again (although I could sneak into POK to go on processor engineers bike ridee), and the 3033 guys were told to never be distracted again.

Once 3033 is out the door, they start working on trout (becomes 3090) ... 3033 (remap of 168-3 logic to 20% faster chips) and 3081 (some warmed over FS technology) were Q&D projects kicked off in parallel after FS implosion.

Later I get complaints from 3090 processor guys that 3090 vector feature was pure marketing. Their claims were that typical floating point performance was so slow, that memory bus had capacity to keep numerous floating point units running concurrently. They had improved 3090 scalar floating point performance to the point that it ran as fast as the memory bus ... so trying to feed multiple (vector) floating point units concurrently would run into memory bus bottleneck.

I also had HSDT project starting in the early 80s involving T1 and faster speed links, both terrestrial and satellite (and was working with NSF director to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers, suppose to get $20M when congress cuts the budget). Put in a satellite T1 link between the west coast and Clementi's E&S lab in Kingston ... where he had a boatload of high-end floating point system boxes. FPS had 40mbyte/sec disk arrays for keeping all the vectors feed.

Cray/4341 trivia: Communication group fought hard to prevent mainframe TCP/IP from being released and when they lost, they said it had to be released through the communication group. What shipped got 44kbytes/sec throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I did the RFC1044 enhancements and in some tuning tests at Cray research got sustained channel throughput between Cray and 4341 using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

SMP, multiprocessor, and/or compare&swap instruction posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
rfc1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
nsfnet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

misc. past e5-2600 blade postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#50 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#64 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#3 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#4 Memory versus processor speed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#94 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#99 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#105 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#0 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#4 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#7 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#36 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#38 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#4 Think You Know The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#20 Mainframes Warming Up to the Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#35 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#52 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#62 What are your experiences with Amdahl Computers and Plug-Compatibles?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#11 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#16 Think You Know The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#84 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#88 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#1 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#34 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#46 Word Length
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#66 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#95 printer history Languages influenced by PL/1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#96 The older Hardware school
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#41 Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#20 X86 server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#27 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#28 X86 server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#30 X86 server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#34 X86 server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#42 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#51 Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#56 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#81 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#87 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#88 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#90 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#100 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#3 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#4 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#5 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#13 Intel Confirms Decline of Server Giants HP, Dell, and IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#31 Still think the mainframe is going away soon: Think again. IBM mainframe computer sales are 4% of IBM's revenue; with software, services, and storage it's 25%
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#43 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#67 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#9 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#13 System/360--50 years--the future?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#14 System/360--50 years--the future?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#44 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#48 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#50 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#56 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#69 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#70 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#72 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#6 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#11 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#21 Assembler vs. COBOL--processing time, space needed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#25 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#38 Assembler vs. COBOL--processing time, space needed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#40 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#46 Random thoughts: Low power, High performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#5 What is a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#12 HCF [was Re: AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series "Halt &Catch Fire"]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#25 Search Google, 1960:s-style
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#26 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#58 What is holding back cloud adoption?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#10 From build to buy: American Airlines changes modernization course midflight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#16 From build to buy: American Airlines changes modernization course midflight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#17 Still think the mainframe is going away soon: Think again. IBM mainframe computer sales are 4% of IBM's revenue; with software, services, and storage it's 25%
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#5 mainframe "selling" points
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#6 mainframe "selling" points
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#7 mainframe "selling" points
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#8 mainframe "selling" points
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#10 FW: mainframe "selling" points -- Start up Costs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#15 A Private life?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#59 Why Intel can't retire X86
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#60 Why Intel can't retire X86
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#63 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#68 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#88 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#5 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#16 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#4 Oracle To IBM: Your 'Customers Are Being Wildly Overcharged'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#38 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#51 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#57 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#64 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#70 How internet can evolve
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#72 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#74 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#2 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#4 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#5 SAS Deserting the MF?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#7 SAS Deserting the MF?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#14 Tech Time Warp of the Week: The 50-Pound Portable PC, 1977
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#23 Old data storage or data base
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#43 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#49 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#50 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#93 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#3 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#5 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#40 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#79 Why does IBM keep saying things like this:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#80 Minicomputer Pricing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#47 Making mainframe technology hip again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#59 Making mainframe technology hip again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#60 Making mainframe technology hip again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#86 IBM unveils new "mainframe for the rest of us"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#53 spacewar
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#31 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#50 Mainframe On Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#51 Mainframe On Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#53 Mainframe On Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#54 Mainframe On Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#70 50,000 x86 operating system on single mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#33 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#78 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#94 SHARE Blog: News Flash: The Mainframe (Still) Isn't Dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#38 Making mainframe technology hip again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#54 rebuild 1403 printer chain
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#69 "Death of the mainframe"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#71 "Death of the mainframe"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#73 "Death of the mainframe"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#18 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#96 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#71 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#4 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#8 The IBM Strategy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#51 Beyond the EC12
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#65 non-IBM: SONY new tape storage - 185 Terabytes on a tape
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#67 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#92 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#2 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#4 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#12 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#2 Demonstrating Moore's law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#57 [CM] Mainframe tech is here to stay: just add innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#72 ancient terminals, was The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#78 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#97 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#99 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#0 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#16 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#5 Demonstrating Moore's law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#17 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#74 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#24 Unisys CEO ousted, shares slip
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#88 Death of spinning disk?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#125 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide and or for Europe alone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#144 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#164 Slushware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#29 IBM Z13
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#93 HONE Shutdown
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#39 Remember 3277?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#14 Clone Controllers and Channel Extenders
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#42 20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#93 HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#2 More "ageing mainframe" (bad) press
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#108 25 Years: How the Web began
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#110 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#114 Between CISC and RISC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#15 Dilbert ... oh, you must work for IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#19 Fibre Chanel Vs FICON
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#23 IBM's 3033; "The Big One": IBM's 3033
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#27 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#74 Fibre Channel is still alive and kicking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#103 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#28 CeBIT and mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#60 Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actually emulate the power of a mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#24 What was a 3314?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#81 The mainframe is dead. Long live the mainframe!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#42 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#25 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#28 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#53 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#55 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#95 Retrieving data from old hard drives?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#98 A Christmassy PL/I tale
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#19 follow up to dense code definition
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#6 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#16 System z: I/O Interoperability Evolution - From Bus & Tag to FICON
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#1 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#17 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#25 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#57 What are mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#58 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#88 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#10 WD ships 'world's largest' 12TB HGST Ultrastar He12 Helium 7200 RPM Enterprise HDDs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#75 11May1992 (25 years ago) press on cluster scale-up
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#94 Migration off Mainframe to other platform
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#9 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#71 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#103 SEX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#33 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#36 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#59 64 bit addressing into the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#73 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#3 Somewhat Interesting Mainframe Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#15 Blockchain on Mainframe ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#88 Ferranti Atlas paging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#8 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#25 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#0 Intrigued by IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#98 Mainframe Use/History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#47 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#53 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#72 Indian Casino and HA/CMP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#17 3390 teardown
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#2 IBM ESCON
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#12 IBM mainframe today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#21 IBM today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#18 IBM assembler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#46 IBM Mainframe Z14
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#58 Bureaucracy and Agile
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#79 How many years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#25 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#52 S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#60 S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#9 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
Date: 20 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#48 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES

I did enhanced, bullet proof operating system for bldg14&15 disk engineering and product test (move from 7x24 scheduled stand-alone test time to any number of ondemand concurrent testing). Product test got #2 or #3 engineering machines for disk testing, had very early 3033 and 4341. Early 1979 (well before customer ship) I got con'ed into doing benchmarks on bldg15 4341 for national lab that was looking at getting 70 for compute farm (leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami). Cluster of 4341s had more processing and I/O than 3033, much cheaper, much less floor space and environmentals. At one point POK was so threatened, they managed to convince corporate to cut allocation of critical 4341 manufacturing component in half.

3090 time-frame would more likely be 4381 (4341 follow-on). early 80s the was effort to move the large variety of custom microprocessors (low&mid-range 370, 4361&4381 follow-on to 4331&4341), AS/400 follow-on to S/38, controllers, etc to 801/risc. For various reason all these efforts floundered and things returned to custom CISC. For 4381 I contributed to white paper that showed circuit integration had progressed to point that most of 370 could be implemented directly in circuits (rather than microcode) at better price/performance.

Endicott had earlier sucked me into helping with ECPS microcode assist for 138/148 ... and then had me off&on run around world for a year, helping present to business planners (4331/4341 were then follow-on to 138/148, followed by 4361/4381).

FE had field maintenance bootstrap process that started with scoping for diagnostics. With 3081 move to TCMs, it was no longer possible to scope ... TCMs were then built with lots of probes connected to service processor (which could be scoped, repaired, and then diagnose 3081) ... which required custom roll-your-own operating system. For 3090, they moved to 4331 as service processor running a modified version of vm/370 release 6. Before 3090 ships, 4331 was changed to pair of (redundant) 4361s ("3092" with pair of 3370 FBA disks).

jan1979 4341 benchmark, table doesn't format;
158-3: 45.64secs
3031: 37.03sec
4341: 36.21secs

also approx:
145: 145secs
168-3: 9.1secs
360/91: 6.77secs

original cdc 6600: 35.77secs.

Note 3031 is 158-3 engine with just the 370 microcode and no integrated channel microcode, and a 2nd 158-3 (for external channel director) with the integrated channel microcode (and no 370 microcode). 4341 had much smaller floor space and much cheaper and the 4341 integrated channels with small tweaks ran at 3mbyte and could be used for testing 3mbyte/sec 3380s.

4300s sold in same mid-range market as vax ... and about same total numbers for one or small unit orders ... the big difference was large corporations ordering hundreds of 4300s at a time for placing out in departmental areas (sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami). decade of vax sales, sliced and diced by model, year, US/non-US (not about half of the total numbers were "micro-vaxes")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

trivia/joke: during FS, 370 product work was being shutdown, when FS finally implodes, there is mad rush to get stuff back into the product pipelines, including kicking off Q&D 3033 and 3081 in parallel. The head of POK also convinced corporate to kill vm370 product, shutdown the development center and move all the people to POK for MVS/XA (claiming that otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't be able to ship on time, many years later). They weren't planning on telling the people until just before the shutdown, trying to minimize those that might escape. The information manage to leak early and many managed to escape. This was about the time that VAX/VMS was just starting at DEC, and the joke is that the head of POK was one of the largest contributors to VMS.

Early 80s, I was introduced to John Boyd (behind redesign of the F15, cutting weight in half, then behind F16 & F18 and some others) and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. Somewhat as a result, I've been included in military strategy conferences at Quantico and early this decade sucked into helping critique F35 & stealth (a F35-fan was constantly disputing everything I wrote, until one point switched to I shouldn't be allowed to write such articles, although everything I referenced was open source). 2011 series on radar had the current state of art doing non-realtime stealth tracking, but needed better resolution and performance to do real-time targeting, requiring 3TFLOPS (not available yet). 2017ye article has self-driving cars using 300TFLOPS (100 times what was projected to do realtime stealth targeting). 2011 tutorial on DSP, FFT, Radar (part 3)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278838
STAP (part 4)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278878
SAR (part 5)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278931

getting to play disk engineer in bldg14&15
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power/pc, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
Boyd posts & URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

past rain/rain4 benchmark posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#0 Is a VAX a mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#67 Pentium 4 Prefetch engine?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#0 Microcode?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#75 Computers in Science Fiction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#7 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#12 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#19 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#22 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#4 misc. old benchmarks (4331 & 11/750)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#68 IBM zSeries in HPC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#25 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#31 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#21 moving on
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#62 Cycles per ASM instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#54 mainframe performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#67 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#37 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#65 Comparing YOUR Computer with Supercomputers of the Past
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#40 IBM Watson's Ancestors: A Look at Supercomputers of the Past
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#45 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#38 DEC/PDP minicomputers for business in 1968?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#53 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#61 I Must Have Been Dreaming (36-bit word needed for ballistics?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#37 History--computer performance comparison chart
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#71 Miniskirts and mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#106 DOS descendant still lives was Re: slight reprieve on the z
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#116 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#44 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#49 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year -old supercomputer back from the dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#51 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year -old supercomputer back from the dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#62 64 bit addressing into the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#49 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#42 Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano
Date: 22 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano
https://thehill.com/homenews/state-watch/449648-hawaii-governor-gives-go-ahead-to-build-giant-telescope-on-sacred-native

I was doing HSDT project (T1, 1.5mbits/sec & faster speed links, both terrestrial and satellite) in the early 80s, 1983 got called into talk to the "Berkeley 10M" people about remote viewing from the mainland. Part of the effort was transition from film to digital ... and were testing 200x200, 40Kpel CCD at Lick observatory (east of San Jose) ... had some sessions at Lick to review the setup. CCDs were 100 times more sensitive than film, but amount of signal varied from pel-to-pel and changed with temperature ... requiring 30sec white board calibration prior to taking image (but still faster than film). At the time, there was rumor that Spielberg was playing with 2048x2048, 4M pel CCD (16M pel CCD quite common in cameras today). Name was changed when they got $80M grant from the Keck Foundation (to be built on top of Hawaiian mountain). old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email830804
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email830822
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email830830
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email841121
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email860519

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dissecting Strategic Decision Making: #Reviewing Leap of Faith

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Dissecting Strategic Decision Making: #Reviewing Leap of Faith
Date: 22 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Dissecting Strategic Decision Making: #Reviewing Leap of Faith
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2019/6/19/dissecting-strategic-decision-making-reviewing-leap-of-faith

strategy is perpetual war and never stop the flow of funds

War Without End
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/08/magazine/war-afghanistan-iraq-soldiers.html

The Wages of War Without Strategy
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2017/6/20/the-wages-of-war-without-strategy
John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'

... snip ...

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, US support Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told White House that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White House said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the White House that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the White House has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis. https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy). Originally justification was Iraq supported Al-Qaeda and invasion would only costs $50B ... then the justification was changed to WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Cousin of White House Fhief of Staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others before the invasion ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

Military-Industrial(-Congressional) complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (later large artillery shells start showing up in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Team B posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Boyd posts & URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Drone Iran Shot Down Was a $220M Surveillance Monster

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Drone Iran Shot Down Was a $220M Surveillance Monster
Date: 22 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Drone Iran Shot Down Was a $220M Surveillance Monster
https://www.wired.com/story/iran-global-hawk-drone-surveillance/

Possibly claim one of the reasons went from U2 to satellites that were less vulnerable ... drone could be considered return to U2 era surveillance for use against villagers w/o countermeasures.

other trivia: one of the things to remember about U2; USAF was claiming a "bomber gap" ... that justified a 30% increase in DOD budget; U2 provided Eisenhower with evidence that debunked the USAF claims ... possibly contributing to his departure speech warning about the military-industrial(-congressional) complex.

Military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts mentioning "bomber gap":
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#80 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#18 Air Superiority: Advantage over enemy skies for 60 years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#54 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#52 US Army hopes to replace 25% of soldiers with robots by 2040
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#22 $40 billion missile defense system proves unreliable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#13 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#79 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#80 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#99 Trust in Government Is Collapsing Around the World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#122 U.S. Defense Contractors Tell Investors Russian Threat Is Great for Business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#47 British socialism / anti-trust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#33 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#66 off topic 1952 B-52 ad
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#70 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#78 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#18 The Making of the Military-Industrial Complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
Date: 23 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#48 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES

Note (from upthread) that Endicott was selling 4300s against DEC VAX in the mid-range market in about the same numbers ... for single and few unit orders ... the big difference were large corporations ordering hundreds of 4300s at a time for placing out in departmental areas ... sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami. trivia (mentioned up thread): decade of VAX sales, sliced&diced by year, model, US/non-US (also semi-facetious reference that head of POK was one of the largest contributors to DEC VAX)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

1980, STL was bursting at the seams and planning on moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg, with dataprocessing service back to STL dattacenter. They had tried "remote" 3270 but found the human factors totally unacceptable and I get con'ed into doing channel extender support ("channel attached" 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg connected to STL datacenter). Side-by-side channel-attached 3270s, offsite(with loopback to offsite bldg and back to STL next to real local channel-attached 3270s, show to perceptual difference. The hardware vendor tries to get IBM to release my support, but there are some POK engineers playing with some serial stufff that get it vetoed (afraid that if it was in the market, it would make it harder to release their stuff). some channel extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

Roll forward to 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL (national lab) standardize some serial stuff they are playing with, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff I did back in 1980)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel
Finally in 1990, the POK engineers get their stuff releeased with ES/9000 as ESCON, when it is already obsolete.

By this time, I'm also asked to do HA/6000, but quickly start working with both national labs on technical/scientific cluster scale-up and RDBMS vendors on commercial scale-up and rename it HA/CMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing).(and also do fibre channel standard support). Because of doing HA/CMP, I'm asked to write a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document, but it gets pulled when both Rochester (AS/400) and POK (mainframe) complain that they can't do it. HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

About the same time I'm asked to work with LLNL on what becomes fibre channel standard, I'm also asked to work with Gustavson at SLAC on what will become SCI
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface

I can't do anything (directly) with SCI ... since RIOS (RS/6000) lacks any cache coherence. Later the executive we are reporting to for HA/CMP moves over to head up Somerset ... AIM ... Apple, IBM, Motorola ... somewhat initially described as doing single chip RIOS and marrying it with Motorola 88k cache coherence (the executive had previously come from Motorola). Both Sequent and Data General are doing i486, 256-way (four chips per board) NUMA machines with SCI and Convex is doing HP SNAKE 128-way NUMA (two chips per board) NUMA machine with SCI (HP buys Convex) and SGI does MIPS-based NUMA SCI.

After cluster scalup is transferred (announced as IBM supercomputer for technical/scientifice *ONLY*), we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors, and we leave IBM, we are asked to do some consulting with Convex and later asked to do some consulting for Chen (then CTO at SEQUENT) ... just before IBM buys SEQUENT and shuts it down.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems

Along the way we are doing some consulting with financial company and asked to look at some target marketing for a few hundred million credit card accounts and get a SEQUENT NUMA-Q for lots of the analysis ... this is where we are working with Fox's company (from the 9020 thread and author of "The Brawl in IBM 1964")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#73 The Brawl in IBM 1964

FCS trivia: along the way some POK engineers become involved with FCS and define a heavy weight protocol that radically reduces the native throughput, which is eventually released as FICON. Latest published numbers I can find, is "peak I/O benchmark" done for z196 getting 2M IOPS done with 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS). About the same time, there was FCS announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over a million IOPS (two such FCS have greater native throughput than 104 FICON). Since then there is enhancement for FICON (that has a few similarities with what I had done in 1980) that claims 30% improved throughput ... but is still much worse than native throughput. FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

target-marketing trivia: target-marketing operation was suppose to be profit center, but the salesmen that are out signing up major banks to do all their credit card processing, are throwing target-marketing into the contracts as a free inducement ... while it is popular, it doesn't show a profit.

SUN trivia: group approaches IBM PASC about IBM commercialize some workstation that was worked on at Stanford. PASC schedules a meeting for them to present to the Boca ACORN group (becomes IBM/PC) and a number of workstation activities around IBM. All the IBM groups claim that what they are doing is much better than the Stanford activity and IBM declines. The Stanford people then form a new startup called SUN. They get a really large initial order from DARPA (who was out spreading a lot of money around silicon valley).

mentioning the SUN group initially tried to get IBM to commercialize the work:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a John Hartmann's Birthday Party
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#74 Convergent Technologies vs Sun
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#30 Stanford University Network (SUN) 3M workstation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#67 IBM in talks to acquire Sun Microsystems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#6 IBM take-over of SUN
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#52 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#80 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#28 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#25 Mainframe technology in 2011 and beyond; who is going to run these Mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#40 STSC Story
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#58 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#98 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#86 IBM Goes to War with Oracle: IT Customers Praise Result
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#94 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#15 EasyLink email ad
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#33 Bad History

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

mainframe hacking "success stories"?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 23 Jun 2019 14:34:49 -0700
dspiegelcan@HOTMAIL.COM (David Spiegel) writes:

*HIPAA


re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#0 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#1 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#5 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#9 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#10 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#12 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#16 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#42 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Summary of the HIPAA Security Rule
https://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-professionals/security/laws-regulations/index.html

after leaving ibm, did some amount of work with financial industry, including rep on standards committees ... as part of being co-author for the privacy standard ... had number of meetings with fed privacy officers ... also meeting with people behind HIPAA ... there were two that were still around who had originally drafted HIPAA back in the 70s ... and bemoaning how long it took to get passed ... and at the time, the health industry had still managed to block/delay including any penalties for HIPAA privacy&security violations. We had to talk to HIPAA people because there were situations were monthly financial transaction statement could leak information about medical tests and procedures.

along the way, had been asked to help word smith the cal. state data breach notification act (1st in the nation). there were several participants heavily into privacy issues and had done detail public surveys and found that the #1 issue was "identity theft" resulting in fraudulent financial transactions (largely as result of breaches). At the time little or nothing was being done about breaches. The issue is that entities normally take security countermeasures in self protection, however in the breach cases, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public (and the institutions were doing a lot to obfuscate when any breaches occured). It was hoped that publicity from breach notifications might motivate corrective action.

I was able to include in the financial privacy standard some of the work that went into the cal. breach notification legislation regarding needing to motivate institutions to protect their customers and the public privacy.

posts mentioning cal. electronic signature and data breach notification legislation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification.notification

past posts mentioning financial privacy standard:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#45 x9.99 financial PIA standard now available from ANSI e-store
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#47 authentication and authorization ... addenda
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#28 x9.99 privacy note
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#32 EMV cards as identity cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#35 de-identification
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm20.htm#2 US consumers want companies fined for security breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#21 Identity v. anonymity -- that is not the question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#26 Fraudwatch - how much a Brit costs, how to be a 419-er, Sarbanes-Oxley rises as fraud rises, the real Piracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#33 Mozilla moves on security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#57 Our security sucks. Why can't we change? What's wrong with us?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#51 Know Your Enemy: Scott McNeally on security theater
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#24 Fixing SSL (was Re: Dutch Transport Card Broken)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#26 Fixing SSL (was Re: Dutch Transport Card Broken)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#50 Liability for breaches: do we need new laws?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#8 x9.99 privacy impact assessemnt (PIA) standard
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#36 More Phishing scams, still no SSL being used
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#9 phishing web sites using self-signed certs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#18 XBOX 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005v.html#3 ABN Tape - Found
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#44 Does the Data Protection Act of 2005 Make Sense
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#37 the personal data theft pandemic continues
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#25 garlic.com
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#39 On sci.crypt: New attacks on the financial PIN processing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#61 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#10 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#72 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#15 T.J. Maxx data theft worse than first reported
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#13 EZPass: Yes, Big Brother IS Watching You!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#26 The new urgency to fix online privacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#29 The new urgency to fix online privacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#55 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#6 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#44 Education ranking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#45 Education ranking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#94 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#47 Data Erasure Products
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#4 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#55 Is data classification the right approach to pursue a risk based information security program?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#70 Why SSNs Are Not Appropriate for Authentication and when, where and why should you offer/use it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#5 Privacy, Identity theft, account fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#7 Dealing with the neew MA ID protection law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#62 IRS Mainframe Not Secure Enough
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#29 is privacy a security attribute(component or ?). If yes, why? If no why not?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#23 Database Servers: Candy For Hackers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#33 IBM touts encryption innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#50 WSJ.com The Fallacy of Identity Theft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#17 U.K. lags in information security management practices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#21 The 2010 Census
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#56 About that "Mighty Fortress"... What's it look like?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#65 They always think we don't understand
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#76 e-commerce smackdown as PCI standards revised
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#45 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#68 Why the US needs a data privacy law -- and why it might finally get one
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#49 Do you know where all your sensitive data is located?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#94 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#10 Encryp-xit: Europe will go all in for crypto backdoors in June
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#65 IRS - 60-Year-Old IT System Failed on Tax Day Due to New Hardware (nextgov.com)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Threat Actor You Can't Detect: Cognitive Bias

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Threat Actor You Can't Detect: Cognitive Bias
Date: 23 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Threat Actor You Can't Detect: Cognitive Bias
https://it.slashdot.org/story/19/06/23/1926206/the-threat-actor-you-cant-detect-cognitive-bias
Cognitive bias is the cyber threat you can't detect
https://slashdot.org/~chicksdaddy

I use to sponsor Boyd's briefings and discussing OODA-loop, he would include references to constantly observe from every possible facet (as countermeasure to cognitive, observation, orientation, confirmation, etc biases); reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

Boyd had coup d'oeil and fingerspitzengefuhl with intuition and instinct ... plausibly 1846 Halleck
https://www.amazon.com/Elements-Military-Instruction-Fortification-Embracing-ebook/dp/B004TPMN16/
loc5019-20:

A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.

... snip ...

changed "see" to "observe" and added "orientation" as a means to address learning and biases.

Boyd posts and URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over
Date: 24 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/its-time-we-tear-up-our-economics-textbooks-and-start-over/2019/06/23/54794ab8-9432-11e9-b570-6416efdc0803_story.html

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
loc72-74:

Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award-winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines.

... snip ...

the book starts out with cases of major universities firing and blackballing economists over the years, that happen to write papers that the rich&powerful found objectionable ... and then how rich&powerful got peaceful demonstrations labeled terrorists

Banks Deeply Involved in FBI-Coordinated Suppression of "Terrorist" Occupy Wall Street
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2012/12/banks-deeply-involved-in-fbi-coordinated-suppression-of-terrorist-occupy-wall-street.html

"Inside Job" wiki page:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)
from above:

Roger Ebert described the film as "an angry, well-argued documentary about how the American financial industry set out deliberately to defraud the ordinary American investor."

... snip ...

Inside Job. The documentary. Online. For free.
http://www.theotherschoolofeconomics.org/?p=2499

there has been quite a few past articles on how still nobody has been put in jail and the fines are minor (tens of billions) compared to the total amounts involved (tens of trillions) ... come to be treated as just part of the cost of doing (illegal) business. Going back a few years, the articles about too big to fail are turning mexico into colombia with all their money laundering for the drug cartels ... aka too big to prosecute and too big to jail.

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
money laundering posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
Date: 25 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#56 It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over

Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt - the big 500 companies owe loyalty only to themselves and the public is shut out from prosperity
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jun/23/china-america-economic-system-xi-jinping-trump

... going from entities that operate in the public interest ... to "corporations are people" and aquiring constitional rights and able to anoperate in self interests

A Short History Of Corporations
https://newint.org/features/2002/07/05/history

"After Independence, American corporations, like the British companies before them, were chartered to perform specific public functions - digging canals, building bridges. Their charters lasted between 10 and 40 years, often requiring the termination of the corporation on completion of a specific task, setting limits on commercial interests and prohibiting any corporate participation in the political process."

... snip ...

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

Originally, US corporations were entities that operate in public interest, but then certain factions wanted those rights extended to entities that can operate in self interest as well "people" rights under constitution.

pgxiv/loc74-78:

Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.


pgxviii/loc132-36:

For most of American history, the Supreme Court failed to protect the dispossessed and the marginalized, with the justices claiming to be powerless in the face of hostile public sentiment. As we will see, however, the court's record on corporate rights was much different. In 1809, the Supreme Court decided the first case on the constitutional rights of corporations, decades before the first comparable cases for women or racial minorities. And unlike women and minorities, who lost nearly all of their early cases, corporations won that first case--and have compiled an impressive list of victories in the years since.


pg36/loc726-28:

On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.


pg120|loc1975-78:

The railroad corporations were constitutional first movers who employed innovative tactics to secure new rights. They envisioned the lawsuits as a form of strategic litigation, or what their lawyers called "test cases," to determine whether corporations had the same rights as ordinary people to equal protection and due process under the Fourteenth Amendment.


pg229/loc3667-68:

IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.

... snip ...

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
Date: 25 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#56 It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt

After WW2, 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity, part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

Founding Fathers: We Are Not a Christian Nation
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/founding-fathers-we-are-n_b_6761840

"In God We Trust"

Our national obsession with God in politics is actually a recent phenomenon and would seem completely alien to any of our founders. "In God We Trust" was first placed on United States coins in 1861, during the Civil War. (More about that in a bit.) Teddy Roosevelt tried to remove the words from our money in 1907 but was shouted down. Only in 1956 was that expression adopted as the national motto by the 84th Congress. The clause "under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance was inserted only in 1954, when President Eisenhower signed legislation to recognize "the dedication of our Nation and our people to the Almighty." But conservatives, ignorant of our history, or willfully ignoring it, wish us to believe that the pledge always referenced God.


... snip ...

John Foster Dulles also played major role in rebuilding German economy, industry and military from the 20s up through the early 40s.
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:

In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.


loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.


loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program needed locations of industrial and military targets in Germany, they got the information from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

recent capitalism equated with christianity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The rise and fall of IBM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The rise and fall of IBM
Date: 25 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#2 The rise and fall of IBM

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold:

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

AMEX & KKR were in competition for private-equity, LBO take-over of RJR and KKR won. KKR then ran into problems and hired away president of AMEX to help turn it around.

IBM had gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "Baby Blues" in preparation for breaking up the company, gone behind paywall, but mostly free at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

Then board hires away the former president of AMEX to help turn it around ... using some of the same techniques used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

recent posts reference retirement heist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#1 As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#17 Dancing Elephant
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#35 Edward Snowden
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#93 IBM Retirement Heist

gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
posts referencing pensions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions

Note: we had left IBM but get a call from the bowels of Armonk, asking if we could help with the breakup. Business units used MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other units. After the breakup, the different business units could be in different companies and the MOUs would have to be turned into their own contracts (all such MOUs would have to be cataloged). Before we get started, the new CEO has reversed the breakup. Before that we had been hearing from various former co-workers that the top executives were not paying any attention to running the company, they were spending all their time moving expenses from the following year into the current year. We ask our contact from the bowels of Armonk. He said that the current year was in the red and top executives wouldn't get any bonus (and how far in the red makes no difference). Moving expenses from the following year could nudge it barely into the black and the way the executive bonus plan worked, top executives would get bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (basically rewarded for driving the company into the red)

re: "still around" ... but could be considered the same company in name only

in Great Britain, originally corporations were chartered for specific objective (in the public interest), when that was done, they were dissolved. after the revolution, US followed the same convention ... but almost immediately, lots of efforts to get corporate status applied to entities that operate in self interest ... as well as getting constitutional rights as "people"

on the other side, there was article in the early 90s that the most common characteristic of successful silicon valley startup was that they completely changed their business plan at least once in the first two years.

in the early 80s, I was introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM ... which contained a significant amount of agility ... including his OODA-loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

which increasingly shows up in many business agile programs

Boyd posts/URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

"corporations are people" posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#12 For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's Monopoly Crisis Hits the Military

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: America's Monopoly Crisis Hits the Military
Date: 27 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#56 It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt

America's Monopoly Crisis Hits the Military
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/americas-monopoly-crisis-hits-the-military/

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. In his briefings that the military had become a rigid, top-down command&control culture (that only those at the very top could make decisions) and then former military officers (thoroughly steeped in that culture) moving up corporate executive ranks, were starting to destroy US corporate culture.

However about the same time, articles were starting to appear that MBAs, steeped in short-term quarterly results were starting to destroy US corporations ... as well as:

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards

... snip ...

and

The Myth of Capitalism
https://www.amazon.com/Myth-Capitalism-Monopolies-Death-Competition-ebook/dp/B07KRG46XS/
pg40/loc1442-45:

A recent paper by economists Justin Pierce of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors and Bruce Blonigen of the University of Oregon shows that mergers cause higher prices with little evidence of greater productivity and efficiency. They also looked in great detail at whether mergers increased efficiency through reductions in administrative costs and greater asset productivity, but again find little evidence for these grand claims.

... snip ...

Around the turn of the century, I was asked to review a periodically released financial report that gave scores of pages of numbers (60/page) for the avg of the 20 top regional compared to the ten top national financial institutions. There was no analysis, but buried in the numbers were that the 20 top regional institutions were more profitable than the ten top national institutions. Then the large financial institutions morphed into too big to fail and nearly took down the economy. Later they were also found to be dealing in all sorts of other illegal activity, manipulating markets, LIBOR, foreign exchange, commodities, money laundering for terrorists and drug cartels (claim enabling acquire military grade weapons and behind huge uptic in violence), facilitating tax evasion; etc. and also garnered the labels: too big to prosecute and too big to jail.

In the case of private equity, they had got such a bad reputation during the S&L crisis (for looting institutions and companies) that they changed the industry name to private equity and "junk bonds" became "high-yield bonds". Their purchase and looting companies has been compared to "house flipping", LBO 100% loans being used to buy the companies, looted and then sold, however since the original loan go on the looted company's books (rather than paid off), they can even sell for much less than they paid, and still walk away with boat loads of money. Over half corporate defaults are companies currently or formally in the PE-mill under that enormous debt load. The funny thing is all those defaults don't seem to ever affect the credit rating of the original borrowers.
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

After the turn of the century, PE started to heavily move into gov. contractors and beltway bandits, hiring prominent politicians to lobby Washington, resulting in enormous uptic in government outsourcing to PE-owned subsidiaries.

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, intelligence: 70% of budget and over half the people (including Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and significantly speeding up the spreading success of failure culture, lots more money for companies in PE-mills with a series of failures (and under enormous pressure to cut corners, to push money up to their PE-owners and service the huge debt)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

specifically in the military domain, its "perpetual war", never stop the conflict ... from Eisenhower's warning about the military-industrial complex. another Boydism, John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'

... snip ...

and huge uptic in stock buybacks that Stockman describes as (private equity) mini-LBOs, "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
Note: buybacks use to be illegal because they were viewed as executives manipulate market
https://www.forbes.com/sites/aalsin/2017/02/28/shareholders-should-be-required-to-vote-on-stock-buybacks/

Private Equity and "Institutional" Investor Owned U.K. Utility Engaged in Massive Fraud, Regulatory Evasions, Worker Coercion, Caused "Catastrophic" Environmental Damage
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/06/private-equity-and-institutional-investor-owned-u-k-utility-engaged-in-massive-fraud-regulatory-evasions-worker-coercion-caused-catastrophic-environmental-damage.html

Boyd posts&URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
Military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failuree
private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
S&L crisis posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
stock buyback posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
LIBOR
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
money laundering
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax evasion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

posts mentioning periodic financial publication:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#65 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#59 We Can't Subsidize the Banks Forever
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#14 Innovation and iconoclasm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#42 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#60 Excess Management Is Costing the U.S. $3 Trillion Per Year
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'End Forever Wars' is a Sound Bite, Not a Security Policy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'End Forever Wars' is a Sound Bite, Not a Security Policy
Date: 27 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
'End Forever Wars' is a Sound Bite, Not a Security Policy
https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2019/06/end-forever-wars-sound-bite-not-security-policy/158017/

At least being against perpetual war and constant conflict is a start ... even Eisenhower in his goodby speech warned about the military-industrial(-congressional) complex. Even Boyd: John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'

... snip ...

recent
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#60 America's Monopoly Crisis Hits the Military

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
Military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Fall of the Roman Empire

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Fall of the Roman Empire
Date: 27 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Supposedly from the latest archaeological findings, "The Fall of the Roman Empire",
https://www.amazon.com/Fall-Roman-Empire-Barbarians-ebook/dp/B000SEI0JQ

Empire got so big it divided into administration centers/capitals ... rome was symbolic/ceremonial

pg28:

As late as AD 249 there were still only 250 senior bureaucratic functionaries in the entire Empire. By the year 400, just 150 years later, there were 6,000. Most operated at the major imperial headquarters from which the key frontiers were supervised: not in Rome, therefore, but, depending on the emperor, at Trier and/or Milan for the Rhine, Sirmium or increasingly Constantinople for the Danube, and Antioch for the east. It was no longer the Senate of Rome, but the comitatensian commanders, concentrated on key frontiers, and the senior bureaucrats, gathered in the capitals from which these frontiers were administered, who settled the political fate of the Empire.

... snip ...

vandals/alans cross into western africa from spain at gilbralter and then over a period of years made their way towards Carthage (apparently undetected)

pg273:

Carthage and its agricultural hinterland were responsible for feeding the bloated capital of Empire. But keeping the capital fed was no more than a specific application of a much more general point. By the fourth century AD, North Africa had become the economic powerhouse of the Roman west

... snip ...

At a point when most of the military had been pulled from Carthage for some campaign ... the vandal/andals take advantage to take Carthage and the west's food basket and economic engine. The west then had to sign a treaty to keep up the flow of food ... but lost the taxes.

West eventually mounts a large force to retake Carthage which included armies provided by the east. Just before the armies were to sail for africa, the campaign was called off; the Huns had taken the opportunity to attack the east. The African economic powerhouse had allowed them to eliminate taxes on the rich, with the fall of Carthage, there was sufficient funds to maintain everything.

From then it was steadily downhill for the west because they no longer had much of the taxes needed to support the army, hire mercenaries and pay bribes/tributes to the northern Europe tribes. Along the way, there was conflict within the western empire between administrative regions, military battles, assasinations, etc (which further contributed to the weakening of the western empire).
https://www.history.com/news/6-civil-wars-that-transformed-ancient-rome
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Roman_civil_wars_and_revolts#5th_century

476: Orestes overthrown by Odoacer. Romulus Augustulus deposed, ending the Western Roman Empire.

... snip ...

Recently finished rereading "The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire" (which I originally read in the 7th grade), 3980 pages, Kindle $1.99.
https://www.amazon.com/History-Decline-Roman-Empire-Volumes-ebook/dp/B00HIM09MM/

Gibbon offers an explanation for why the Roman Empire fell, a task made difficult by a lack of comprehensive written sources, though he was not the only historian to tackle the subject. According to Gibbon, the Roman Empire succumbed to barbarian invasions in large part due to the gradual loss of civic virtue among its citizens. They had become weak, outsourcing their duties to defend their Empire to barbarian mercenaries, who then became so numerous and ingrained that they were able to take over the Empire. Romans, he believed, had become effeminate, unwilling to live a tougher, "manly" military lifestyle. In addition, Gibbon argued that Christianity created a belief that a better life existed after death, which fostered an indifference to the present among Roman citizens, thus sapping their desire to sacrifice for the Empire. He also believed its comparative pacifism tended to hamper the traditional Roman martial spirit. Finally, like other Enlightenment thinkers, Gibbon held in contempt the Middle Ages as a priest-ridden, superstitious dark age. It was not until his own age of reason and rational thought, it was believed, that human history could resume its progress.

... snip ...

past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#22 Death From Above
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#23 PC industry is heading for more change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#24 PC industry is heading for more change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#37 PC industry is heading for more change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#31 Rome speaks to us. Their example can inspire us to avoid their fate
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#66 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#75 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#78 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#75 Steve B sees what investors think
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#81 Steve B sees what investors think
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#86 Can America Win Wars?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#5 HP splits, again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#7 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#40 Stop Believing in the Many Myths of the Iraq Surge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#42 Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#20 Military Contractors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#38 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#96 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

2741 & APL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 2741 & APL
Date: 27 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
got a online 2741 at home March1970 (both regular and APL golfball) ... before that just had 2741 next to my desk

23June1969 unbundling announcement started charging for (application) software (made case that kernel software should still be free), SE services, maint., etc. Up until then SE training was sort of apprentice program with large group at customer location. However, after unbundling couldn't figure out how to not charge for "apprentice" SEs at customer location. Part of the result was online access to (virtual machine) HONE (hands-on network environment) at branch offices (working with guest operating systems).

The science center then did port of APL\360 to CMS as CMS\APL, opened up workspace to virtual machine size (from typical 16kbytes) and added API for system services (like file input/output)... opening up APL to many real world applications. HONE then started offering APL-based sales & marketing support applications ... which came to dominate all HONE activity (SE guest operating system use evaporating).

When US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto in the mid-70s, it was across the back parking lot from IBM Palo Alto Science Center. The IBM Cambridge Science Center had done the port of APL\360 to (CP/67) CMS for CMS\APL.

PASC then did the work for (CP67 follow-on VM/370) CMS APL\CMS and the 370/145 APL microcode assist (PASC also did the 5100 which included APL). The 145 APL microcode assist gave (some) APL applications, the throughput of 370/168. The issue for HONE (where they continued to need all their 370/168s) was the sales&marketing support APL-based applications also tended to use/need large amounts of memory (which weren't available on 145) ... although HONE did get help from PASC on other issues.

The IBM Cambridge Scientific Center also made their CP67 service available to lost of dialin users. After the APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL one of the biggest remote users was the business planning department in Armonk ... that loaded the most valuable and highest classified information on the CSC CP67, all IBM customer data ... and wrote APL applications for corporate business planning. It also required the CSC to have fairly strong security, since the CSC system also had lots of access from professors, staff and students from universities in the Boston/Cambridge area (BU, MIT, Harvard, etc)

unbundling posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling
science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE &/or APL posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

recent posts mentioning 2741:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#2 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#14 The PDP11 and subsequent influences
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#53 IBM/PC Uptake
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#65 23june1969 unbundling
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#66 IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#4 3270 48th Birthday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#8 3270 48th Birthday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#28 CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8

2741 apl typeball

2741 apl typeball

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to fight desertification and reverse climate change

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How to fight desertification and reverse climate change
Date: 29 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Allan Savory: How to fight desertification and reverse climate change
https://www.ted.com/talks/allan_savory_how_to_green_the_world_s_deserts_and_reverse_climate_change

60s editorial in Analog (sf magazine) about how the US council of churches were responsible for starvation death of 20M people. It starts out with hypothetical aliens in space, viewing area in North Africa completely covered with desert except for a exact four mile square of green in the middle and wondering what sort of barrier kept the desert out. They move in closer and find its a barbwire fence. The explanation was that the US council of churches were collecting money to aid the people in North Africa, by buying and installing well pumps ... which would be used to increase their animal herds. The increase in the animal herds, overgrazed the land, resulting in encouragement of the desert (desertification) and all the herds dying off, resulting in the people starving. Funny thing I remember the small pasteboard church "piggy banks" that children were to collect dimes for the effort in the early 50s. The barbwire fences in the Analog article were used to control over grazing the land.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
Date: 29 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://caitlinjohnstone.com/2019/06/29/the-forever-war-is-so-normalized-that-opposing-it-is-isolationism/

Congressmen who saw the enormous war profiteering during WW1. were responsible for neutrality laws in the 30s, which were (also) constantly being respun as isolationism. Lots of US corporations were supporting Nazis ... using various schemes getting around neutrality laws

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

note that John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding German industry and military from the 20s up through the early 40s.
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:

In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.


loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.


loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis (and circumvent the neutrality laws)
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:

One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program needed locations of industrial and military targets in Germany, they got the information from wallstreet.

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldof-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity, part of the result by the early 50s was adding "in god we trust" to money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

Tobacco industry is fighting back against anti-tobacco with scientists for hire, but loosing out to Nader and public citizen groups. Merchants of Doubt
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt
http://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/
pg278/loc4393-94:

CHAPTER 9 The Corporation's Justice Has tobacco industry then fighting back with board member appointed to supreme court and "capturing" the national chamber of commerce for corporations to gain 1st amendment rights.

... snip ...

The Influence Machine: The U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the Corporate Capture of American Life
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NDTUDHA/
Alyssa Katz on the Influence Machine -- The Chamber of Commerce and the Corporate Capture of American Life
https://www.corporatecrimereporter.com/news/200/alyssa-katz-on-the-influence-machine-the-chamber-of-commerce-and-the-corporate-capture-of-american-life/

CIA director Colby wouldn't agree with "team b" analysis about Russian military justifying enormous increase in DOD budget. White house chief of staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced by Bush who will agree with team b. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF and is replaced by his assistant Cheney.

"team b" posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

Some of the same scientists for hire ... for the tobacco industry are then involved in spinning team b analysis for American public. Later some of the scientists for hire show up publishing articles for big oil

from the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you; Family Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

Saudi radical, extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world .. 15 of 16 9/11 were Saudis

recent posts referencing Dulles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt

recent posts referencing Rumsfeld
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#11 When 'Trashing Our Allies' Was All the Rage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#28 Army Releases a Critical History of the War in Iraq
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#55 Most Corrupt Institution on Earth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#13 This One Paragraph Tells Us How Wrong the Pentagon Was About Invasion of Iraq
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#18 The Making of the Military-Industrial Complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#38 Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#51 Dissecting Strategic Decision Making: #Reviewing Leap of Faith

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
Date: 29 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

But it is wallstreet that built nazi germany 20s, thru early 40s .. and it was primarily the Russians that defeated germany ... Russians fielded something like five times the divisions of all the rest of the allies combinedBut it is wallstreet that built nazi germany 20s ,thru early 40s .. and it was primarily the Russians that defeated germany ...

recent Russia WW2 post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler

and from recent thread/post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#21 Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump

that policy paper was put together for Bush2 administration, before inauguration, requiring loyalty over competence ... similar to the Stalin purge (of generals) ... with similar disastrous results in the forever war.

The Deep State: The Fall of the Constitution and the Rise of a Shadow Government
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:

In early 2001, just before George W. Bushs inauguration, the Heritage Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming administration choose personnel


pg191/loc3057-58:

In this document the authors stated the following: The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second,


pg191/loc3060-62:

Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.

... snip ...

... and one of my favorite Boyd quotes (I used to sponsor his briefings at IBM): The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War
https://www.amazon.com/Boyd-Fighter-Pilot-Who-Changed-ebook/dp/B000FA5UEG/
pg281/loc4905-6:

He stalked the office, staring at his underlings, then suddenly walking up to them, sticking a bony finger into their chest, and saying things such as, "If your boss demands loyalty, give him integrity. But if he demands integrity, then give him loyalty."

... snip ...

Boyd posts&URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

3/4ths of German military were against Soviets and 2/3rds of Japanese military was on mainland China. US assistant Sec. Treasury, Harry Dexter White was operating on behalf of Stalin. Stalin was worried that Japan would attack from the east (forcing him to deal with two front land war) when he was already dealing with 3/4ths German military. He wanted to draw Japan into attacking US, so he sent White draft demands for US to transmit to Japan ... in US Hull note (ultimatum) which was major factor in Japan decision to bomb Pearl Harbor (finally drawing US into the war).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
hull note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
More Venona
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project

Majority of US WW2 resources were going to Europe, Roosevelt reasoned that it was necessary to defeat Germany first (i.e. Germany could continue if Japan was defeated, but Japan wouldn't be able to continue after Germany was defeated). North Africa campaign has been characterized as small scale learning exercise for the Americans before any serious campaign.

Roosevelt believing US couldn't defeat Japan alone, cut a deal with Stalin that after Germany was defeated, Soviets would enter the war against Japan. After Germany's defeat, Stalin had a 1.5 million Soviets in Manchuria fighting million Japanese (compared to US had 600,000 fighting 76,000 Japanese in Okinawa).

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent Soviets in Manchuria
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#80 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Range

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Range
Date: 29 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
Range
https://www.amazon.com/Range-Generalists-Triumph-Specialized-World-ebook/dp/B07H1ZYWTM

I first thought this chapter might include the Myers-Briggs how/why people, pg118/loc1482-83:

CHAPTER 5 Thinking Outside Experience

... but then it turns out to be more like Boyd's OODA-loop

pg142/loc1780-83:

Dunbar witnessed important breakthroughs live, and saw that the labs most likely to turn unexpected findings into new knowledge for humanity made a lot of analogies, and made them from a variety of base domains. The labs in which scientists had more diverse professional backgrounds were the ones where more and more varied analogies were offered, and where breakthroughs were more reliably produced when the unexpected arose.

... snip ...

I use to sponsor Boyd's briefings and discussing OODA-loop, he would include references to constantly observe from every possible facet/perspective (as countermeasure to cognitive, observation, orientation, confirmation, etc biases); reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

Boyd had coup d'oeil and fingerspitzengefuhl with intuition and instinct ... plausibly 1846 Halleck
https://www.amazon.com/Elements-Military-Instruction-Fortification-Embracing-ebook/dp/B004TPMN16/
loc5019-20:

A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.

... snip ...

changed "see" to "observe" and added "orientation" as a means to address learning and biases. The group analogy is having a variety of people with different perspectives/backgrounds.

Boyd posts&URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

As to the Myers-Briggs how/why ... I've periodically pontificated that lots of people I've dealt with, appear to only make decisions based on past experience and/or specific instruction as to solutions ... in Myers-Brigs that is the largest percentage of the population. The "why" group is very small percentage ... like young toddlers constantly asking "why" ... "how" isn't sufficient ... it is the "why" that is necessary. "Why" tends to be much more capable of responding to new/different situations ... in part because they can more easily see that circumstances (the "WHYs") have changed.

some past Myers-Briggs posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#63 Seven of Nine
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#32 Shipwrecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#40 Microcomputers As A Space Spinoff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#31 Mastering the Dynamics of Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#53 Virtual water cooler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#82 Telecommuniting and teleworking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#4 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#21 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#35 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#144 Fingerspitzengefühl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#52 Does the Experiencing Self "Out-OODA" the Remembering Self?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#67 Coping With the Bounds: Speculations on Nonlinearity in Military Affairs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#70 Teaching Smart People How to Learn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability

Note this sometimes also wanders off into societies attempting to enforce always accepting status quo as it is, and never asking why.

Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business

former coworker at science center and research; bullying part of US education (public and military) for stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
another reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html

past posts mentioning "cool to be clever":
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#10 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#12 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#16 Two new (internal network related) wiki entries
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#17 What is IBM culture?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#29 It's Cool To Be Clever
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#35 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#81 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#97 test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#98 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#99 Stop SOPA! A Plea from the Inventors of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#105 5 ways to keep your rockstar employees happy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#46 What s going on in the redbooks site?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#83 The PC industry is heading for collapse
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#59 A computer metaphor for systems integration
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#65 Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#89 Defense acquisitions are broken and no one cares
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#73 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#77 Spacewar! on S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#51 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#98 VNET 1983 IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#66 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#80 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#99 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#66 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#73 Miniskirts and mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#96 Systems thinking--still in short supply
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#103 Median Age of US Managers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#108 25 Years: How the Web began
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#53 E.R. Burroughs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#13 Bullying
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#6 INTERNET
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#5 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#43 Formed by Megafloods, This Place Fooled Scientists for Decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#62 Most people are secretly threatened by creativity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#62 People don't actually like creativity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#11 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#14 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#20 cultural stereotypes, was Ironic old "fortune"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#105 The IBM 7094 and CTSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#4 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#84 Bureaucracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#33 How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#46 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#73 Army researchers find the best cyber teams are antisocial cyber teams
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#106 Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#111 The story of the internet is all about layers; How the internet lost its decentralized innocence

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wage Stagnation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Wage Stagnation
Date: 30 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
data showing productivity has significantly increased since the late 70s, but (total; wages, benefits, retirement) compensation (except for top executives) has remained flat ... other graphs used to obfuscate the issue have showed total family income increasing by obfuscating the change from single wage-earner to two wage-earners (while individual compensation remained flat).

Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of workers, researchers say
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2018/12/17/politicians-have-deliberately-eroded-workers-power-resulting-collapse-pay-bottom-percent-researchers-say/
Destruction of Middle Class
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html
The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization
How GE, GM, Coca-Cola And Kodak Put Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2017/06/29/how-ge-gm-coca-cola-kodak-put-shareholders-ahead-of-employees/
from here (updated Aug2018)
http://www.epi.org/productivity-pay-gap/
Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/05/meet-economist-behind-one-percents-stealth-takeover-america.html
Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas
Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/04/12/economists-are-arguing-over-how-their-profession-messed-up-during-the-great-recession-this-is-what-happened/
Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman

Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.

... snip ...

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest

Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in department seminars.

... snip ...

It's time we tear up our economics textbooks and start over
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/its-time-we-tear-up-our-economics-textbooks-and-start-over/2019/06/23/54794ab8-9432-11e9-b570-6416efdc0803_story.html

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
loc72-74:

Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award-winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines.

... snip ...

the book starts out with cases of major universities firing and blackballing economists over the years, that happen to write papers that the rich&powerful found objectionable ... and then how rich&powerful got peaceful demonstrations labeled terrorists

Banks Deeply Involved in FBI-Coordinated Suppression of "Terrorist" Occupy Wall Street
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2012/12/banks-deeply-involved-in-fbi-coordinated-suppression-of-terrorist-occupy-wall-street.html

during the economic mess, I was invited to meetings with Mortgage Banker's Association ... in their new bldg across the park from World Bank (world bank has one of our favorite lunch rooms in Washington DC) and IMF. Mortgage Banker's Association played major role in getting FBI definition of "mortgage fraud" restricted to only things that borrowers did ... it made sure that FBI "mortgage fraud" contained no reference to anything bankers/lenders might do.

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Eisenhower quote:

"If our economy is to remain healthy, increases in wages and other labor benefits, negotiated by labor and management, must be reasonably related to improvements in productivity. Such increases are beneficial, for they provide wage earners with greater purchasing power. Except where necessary to correct obvious injustices, wage increases that outrun productivity, however, are an inflationary factor. They make for higher prices for the public generally and impose a particular hardship on those whose welfare depends on the purchasing power of retirement income and savings. Wage negotiations should also take cognizance of the right of the public generally to share in the benefits of improvements in technology.I

Freedom has been defined as the opportunity for self-discipline. This definition has a special application to the areas of wage and price policy in a free economy. Should we persistently fail to discipline ourselves, eventually there will be increasing pressure on government to redress the failure. By that process freedom will step by step disappear. No subject on the domestic scene should more attract the concern of the friends of American working men and women and of free business enterprise than the forces that threaten a steady depreciation of the value of our money." State of the Union Address: Dwight D. Eisenhower (January 10, 1958)


... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
Date: 30 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

McNamara was LeMay's staff planning fire bombing German and then Japanese cities. Part of the issue was that the Army Air Corp had been claiming that high altitude, 4-engine, heavy strategic bombers could win the war without having to invade the continent. One-third of total US WW2 spending went for the strategic bombing program ... and even with Norden bomb sites, they were finding it almost impossible to hit targets ... so they were under increasing pressure to show some results ... and fire bombing cities, it was nearly impossible to miss a whole city.

European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/2011/pubs/the-european-campaign-its-origins-and-conduct/
loc2582-85:

The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.

... snip ...

McNamara has since quoted LeMay that if the US had lost the war, it would have been them on trial for war crimes (for fire-bombing cities).

What Russia Rightfully Remembers, America Forgets
https://www.truthdig.com/articles/what-russia-rightfully-remembers-america-forgets/

But Bush was wrong; the road to Berlin had its origins at the approaches to Moscow, where the Soviet army turned back German invaders in December 1941. It was paved at Stalingrad in 1942 with the blood and flesh of 500,000 dead Soviet soldiers, who had killed more than 850,000 Nazi soldiers and their allies; and it was furthered in the bloody fields of Kursk, in 1943, where at the cost of more than 250,000 dead and 6,000 tanks destroyed, the Soviet army defeated the last major German offensive on the Eastern front, killing 110,000 Germans and destroying more than 1,200 irreplaceable tanks (the total number of U.S. and British tanks lost in Europe from D-Day until VE-Day numbered around 11,500; the total number of tanks lost by the Soviet Union while fighting Germany was more than 85,000, while the Russians destroyed more than 40,000 German tanks from June 1941 to November 1944). By the time the U.S., British, Canadian and Free French forces came ashore at Normandy, the Germans had already lost the war.

That didn't mean there wasn't some serious fighting left to do. "The Nazis still had about 50 divisions," Bush noted, "and more than 800,000 soldiers in France alone. D-Day plus one, and D-Day plus two and many months of fierce fighting lay ahead, from Arnhem to Hurtgen Forest to the Bulge."But Bush was wrong; the road to Berlin had its origins at the approaches to Moscow, where the Soviet army turned back German invaders in December 1941. It was paved at Stalingrad in 1942 with the blood and flesh of 500,000 dead Soviet soldiers, who had killed more than 850,000 Nazi soldiers and their allies; and it was furthered in the bloody fields of Kursk, in 1943, where at the cost of more than 250,000 dead and 6,000 tanks destroyed, the Soviet army defeated the last major German offensive on the Eastern front, killing 110,000 Germans and destroying more than 1,200 irreplaceable tanks (the total number of U.S. and British tanks lost in Europe from D-Day until VE-Day numbered around 11,500; the total number of tanks lost by the Soviet Union while fighting Germany was more than 85,000, while the Russians destroyed more than 40,000 German tanks from June 1941 to November 1944). By the time the U.S., British, Canadian and Free French forces came ashore at Normandy, the Germans had already lost the war.

That didn't mean there wasn't some serious fighting left to do. "The Nazis still had about 50 divisions," Bush noted, "and more than 800,000 soldiers in France alone. D-Day plus one, and D-Day plus two and many months of fierce fighting lay ahead, from Arnhem to Hurtgen Forest to the Bulge."


... snip ...

From Guderian's book (Panzer Leader), loc2902-3:

Hitler then said: 'If I had known that the figures for Russian tank strength which you gave in your book were in fact the true ones, I would not -- I believe -- ever have started this war.'


loc2903-6:

He was referring to my book Achtung! Panzer!, published in 1937, in which I had estimated Russian tank strength at that time as 10,000; both the Chief of the Army General Staff, Beck, and the censor had disagreed with this statement. It had cost me a lot of trouble to get that figure printed; but I had been able to show that intelligence reports at the time spoke of 17,000 Russian tanks and that my estimate was therefore, if anything, a very conservative one.


loc2256-58:

The military commission was so insistent on this point that eventually our manufacturers and Ordnance Office officials concluded: 'It seems that the Russians must already possess better and heavier tanks than we do.' It was at the end of July, 1941, that the T34 tank appeared at the front and the riddle of the new Russian model was solved.


loc2262-64:

At this time our yearly tank production scarcely amounted to more than 1,000 of all types. In view of our enemies' production figures this was very small. As far back as 1933 I had visited a single Russian tank factory which was producing 22 tanks per day of the Christie-Russki type.

... snip ...

Note that Germany had sort of its own "Dunkirk" with the battle of the bulge. Patton had suggested that just let Germany advance to the outskirts of Paris, by that time they would have outrun their supply chain and it would be easy to roll them up with no resistance. Eisenhower said that wouldn't be politically acceptable. Patton was then to attack the base of the bulge from the south while Montgomery attacked it from the north. Montgomery never got into position, so most of the Germans managed to escape through the gap, although leaving much of their equipment behind.

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
Military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc.
Date: 30 June 2019
Blog: Facebook
2301 and 2303 were head per track "drums".
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/drum.html

2301 was similar to 2303, but 2301 read/wrote four heads in parallel, had four times the transfer rate, each "track" was four times as large as 2303 track, but only had 1/4 the number of "tracks".

CP67 (precursor to vm370) was installed at the univ. last week Jan1968. At that time it supported 2301 for virtual memory paging, using "TSS/360" format, nine 4k pages per pair of 2301 tracks (page "five" spaning the end of one track and the start of the next). At the time, CP67 implemented paging requests FIFO and channel program that did one 4k page transfer at a time, had 80 4k transfers/sec (because each i/o had avg of half revolution before record was positioned). As undergraduate at the univ (but fulltime datacenter employee, responsible for IBM mainframe systems), I rewrote a lot of CP67, including CP67 paging system, replacement algorthm, dynamic multi-programming level, how page i/o transfers worked, etc; For page i/o, I would reorder queud requests with up to nine per channel program in rotational order ... enabling up to 270 4k transfers/sec.

IBM follows with 2305 head per track "disk"
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_2305.html

decade later, internal IBM datacenters start getting "1655" ... a vendor "electronic disk" with no arm access and no rotational delay simulating (CKD) 2305 disk for high-performance paging. However, there was native vendor "electronic disks" on the market that were more efficient using FBA-like architecture (IBM favorite son operating system still requires CKD, even though no real CKD have been made for decades, all being simulated on industry standard fixed-block disks).

More than you ever wanted to know ... original 370 architecture had option support for 64k and 1mbyte segments and allowed specific segments to be marked read-only (even supporting shared segment read-only in some virtual address spaces and same segment read/write in other virtual address spaces). Then 370/165 said that they were having troubles retrofitting full virtual memory hardware ... and it would delay virtual memory announce by at least six months. Escalation was to drop all the features that 165 was having trouble with (including r/o shared segments). POK favorite son operating system said they didn't care and so features were dropped. Other models that had already implemented full 370 virtual memory, had to remove the dropped features ... and any software that had already implemented support of the dropped features had to be reworked.

In the rework of CP67-CMS to VM370-CMS (cambridge monitor system to conversational monitor system), CMS was reorged into 64k segment boundaries. Then with the drop of read-only segment support, VM370 had to drop back to doing some horribly unnatural simulation.

CMS would also dynamically do filesystem program load channel programs for executables that were sequentially consecutive ordered records on disk. However, CMS did scatter record allocation ... so filesystem had little chance of actual sequential contiguous ordering.

I had done a page-mapped filesystem for CP67-CMS that simulated most of the regular filesystem with lots of additional features. CMS had to be reworked for page-aligned addresses (or simulate with move-mode when non-aligned). Aligning on page-aligned boundry and using page-mapped API, cut a lot of CP67 pathlength. Also allowed combining record I/O from different users in same I/O program (reordering record transfer to maximize transfer per revolution). I then added new filesystem call (used by executable creation) that would attempt sequential contiguous allocation). Executable creation ("GENMOD") also added option for shared segments ("LOADMOD" would use in CP67 API at load time). I then eventually migrated all to VM370. A very small subset of the shared segment enhancements were added to VM370 Release 3 (w/o any of the filesystem enhancements). Old email refs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

I would claim that I learned how not to do page-mapped filesystem by observing performance problems with TSS/360 single-level-store implementation. Unfortuantely Future System adopted the TSS/360 single-level-store design ... which gave all page-mapped filesystem implementations a bad name when Future System failed. I could show moderate filesystem workload with three times performance of standard filesystem ... which would scale-up up much better (in part being able to merge requests from multiple different users and reorder record transfer to maximize transfers per revolution).

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
page mapped filesystem posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

Old reference about VMSG, FULIST, BROWSE, IOS3270 modifications for shared segment operation.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#63

but another CMS size issue was making something for CMS transient area ... which VMSG author did for STORY/PARASITE (HLLAPI-like operation with virtual 3270s well before IBM/PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#36

76/77 was involved in doing 16-way 370 multiprocessor and got the 3033 engineers involved in their spare time (lot more interesting that remapping 168-3 logic to 20% faster chips). Everybody thot it was really great until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before POK's favorite son operating system had (effective) 16-way support. Then the head of POK told some of us to never visit POK again and told the processor group to get their noses back to the grindstone and don't be distracted again. I was still allowed to sneak into POK and go bike riding with the processor group. After the 3033 out the door, they started work on trout ... which becomes trout 1.5, which ships as 3090 (with expanded store and synchronous move instruction, somewhat in lieu of fast paging device).

smp, multiprocessor, and/or compare&swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

After transfer to SJR, got to wander around IBM and customer locations in silicon valley. One of the places was bldg 14 (disk development) and bldg 15 (product test) ... which had a some number of mainframes scheduled 7x24 for stand alone testing. They had tried MVS at one point, but it had 15min MTBF in that environment. I offered to rewrite i/o supervisor to be bullet proof and never fail ... allowing any amount on-demand, concurrent testing ... greatly improving productive. bldg15 got early engineering processor like #3 or #4, including 3033 and 4341.

Somebody was doing air bearing simulation ... for thin film heads
https://www.computerhistory.org/storageengine/thin-film-heads-introduced-for-large-disks/
on SJR 370/195 getting a couple high priority turn arounds a month. Disk testing used a percent or two of 3033 ... so we had loads of processing time for other purposes. We got air bearing simulation moved to bldg15 3033 ... although 3033 had less than half the processing power of 195 ... he still could easily get several turn arounds a day (instead a couple/month).

other triva; one of the issues is error detection/correction technology moved to fixed-sized blocks ... 3310&3370 were FBA, 512byte blocks. 3380 was still CKD, but fixed sized cells under the covers (variable length records rounded up to cell size). POK favorite son operation system still requires CKD disks ... even though no real CKD has been made for decades, technology continued to migrate to strictly FBA (CKD simulation now done on industry standard FBA disks).

DASD, CKD, FBA, multi-track search posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

Across the street in SJR bldg28 (from bldg14&15) ... for a time had 370/158-3 with 2305. VM/370 had format for three 4k pages per track and optimization that would attempt to reorder pending page r/w requests to maximize transfers per revolution

Date 05/08/79 09:26:19 From: lynn

2305-2 drum works with 15 foot cable may have problems with 50 foot cable (fe documents claim that it will work with cables up to 50 foot). 2305-2 drum can be attached to channel 1 on the 158. The channel has some sort of 'pluggable' feature which is either 2 mics. or 1 mics. I believe that it has something to do with time delay for other channels. With 50 foot cable and the channel pluged at 2 mics. the drum will pass all ce diagnostics, it will not be able to be able to read 3 pages in one revolution however. When we went from 15 foot to 50 foot cable it took CEs almost 10 days to discover how come performance got so bad. Plugging channel at 1 mic. allowed channel to read 3 pages in 1 revolution


... snip ... top of post, old email index

aka, process control CCWs done in the channel program within the interval from the end of the previous record and before the start of the next record rotates under the r/w head.

Note that 303x machines were similar since 158-3 engine with the 158-3 integrated channel microcode was used for the 303x external channel director. Claims were the 3081 channels weren't all that much faster than 158-3 integrated channel.

2305-1, 5.4mbytes, avg rational delay 2.5msecs, 3mbyte/sec transfer, most were 2305-2, 11.2mbytes, avg rotational delay, 5msecs, 1.5mbyte/sec
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_2305.html

as mentioned above, 2305-1 had same number of heads as 2305-2 but heads were paired, offset 180degrees, read/write simultaneously, transfer on 2-byte channel. Start of record had only to rotate avg. 1/4 revolution for record to come under pair of (offset) head pair.

3380 got 3mbye/sec transfer by going to "data streaming", 3330 spec did 800kbyte/sec transfer with channel cables up to 200ft, limitation that channel did end-to-end hand shake for every data byte transferred. 3380 got 3mbyte/sec and channel cables up to 400ft by transfering multiple bytes per end-to-end handshake.

So, was the work for 3081d? possibly retrofitting 3mbyte/sec datastreaming to the 2305-1 2835 controller (in place of the 2byte channel?).

Bus and Tag
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bus_and_Tag

Bus and Tag is an "IBM standard for a computer peripheral interface",[1] and was commonly used to connect their mainframe computers to peripheral devices such as line printers, disk storage, and magnetic tape drives. The technology[2] uses two[a] sets of thick, multi-connector copper cables, one[b] set, carrying data, called the bus, and the other set, carrying control information, called the tag.[3]

Note a ^ Three for a channel with the Two-byte Interface feature.


... snip ...

i.e. 3mbyte/sec with two-byte interface (two data cables) ... before data streaming.

trivia: product test in bldg. 15 was able to tweak the early Endicott engineering 4341 (also had integrated channels but significantly faster than 158-3 & 303x channel director) and able to use it for 3380/3880 3mbyte/sec testing.

getting to play disk engineer in bldg 14&15 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Range

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Range
Date: 01 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#67 Range

pg196/loc2458-60:

What Ibarra calls the "plan-and-implement" model—the idea that we should first make a long-term plan and execute without deviation, as opposed to the "test-and-learn" model—is entrenched in depictions of geniuses.

... snip ...

There were claims in the early 90s that said the most common characteristic of successful silicon valley startups was that they had completely changed their business plan at least once during the first two years.

"Ike's Bluff: President Eisenhower's Secret Battle to Save the World". pg45/loc548-53:

The heads of federal agencies came to the White House every week, and the president gave every appearance of actually listening to them. He was not pretending; still, as a wartime commander he knew that the best plan of attack rarely lasts longer than the first contact with the enemy. He liked to quote the elder Helmuth von Moltke, the champion of the German general staff: "The plans are nothing but the planning is everything." Ike routinely told associates, "Rely on planning, but never trust plans." 44 He would closely listen to the staffers and read their plans, and then, when it suited him, he would toss them out.

... snip ...

past refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#15 I am an ageing techy, expert on everything. Let me explain the
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#84 Idiotic programming style edicts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#70 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#0 I actually miss working at IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#90 PDCA vs. OODA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#95 Can anyone offer some insight
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#26 Strategy subsumes culture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#20 Are mothers naturally better at OODA because they always have the Win in mind?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#44 Time to Think ... and to Listen
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#49 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#9 Some IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#59 The rise and fall of IBM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War
Date: 02 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War
https://www.amazon.com/This-Kind-War-Classic-Military-ebook/dp/B00J3EU6IK/

Milton Miles book "Different Kind of War"
https://www.amazon.com/Different-Kind-War-little-known-guerrilla/dp/B0006BQ5XY/

first half was about going into china to setup coastal watchers but then spent much of the rest training 50,000 guerrillas fighting the Japanese. He then spends the last half of the book about how OSS and Army gave China to the communists. They came in and wanted to take over the whole operation. The US Navy and Nationalists rebuffed them, so to get something they could take credit for, they support the communists. Also has Marshall supporting Army, both as SECDEF and then later SECSTATE (47-49). Then 1949 China White Paper somewhat trying to absolve state for giving China to the Communists ... possible excuse was Marshall was preoccupied with Europe ... however there was also a lot of placating Stalin because Roosevelt believed the US needed the Soviets to defeat Japan.
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

In Manchuria there was 1.5M Soviets fighting 1M Japanese. By comparison Okinawa, US had 600k fighting 76k Japanese. This covers a lot of Soviets in WW2, including Manchuria (after Germans had been defeated) "free pdf"
https://history.army.mil/html/books/070/70-89-1/index.html
kindle
https://www.amazon.com/HISTORICAL-PERSPECTIVES-OPERATIONAL-ART-ANTHOLOGY-ebook/dp/B0086W3GX2/

Milton tells about the Chinese Army units that had been in Japanese occupied territory, tried to come over to the Nationalists, but that was vetoed by the US Army, so they then went over to the communists. From the law of unintended consequences, it was those units that the communists sent to Korea to fight the Americans.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts mentioning "Different Kind of War":
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#47 WWII
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#55 WWII
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#81 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#56 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#57 About Unconventional warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#61 Bill Slim and WWII's Forgotten Army - One Of The Most Successful Commanders Of The War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#64 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#86 What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wage Stagnation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Wage Stagnation
Date: 02 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation

The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization

"The Undoing Project"
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds-ebook/dp/B01GI6S7EK/
goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky disproved economists' assumption that people make rational decisions ... loc1155-59:

He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the people you know are idiots."

... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets Nobel prize in economics, in part for debunking Friedman's theories involving rational man

Rebel Economist Breaks Through to Washington on How Shareholder Value Theory Rewards the Undeserving
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/07/rebel-economist-breaks-through-to-washington-on-how-shareholder-value-theory-rewards-the-undeserving.html
The One Percent Have Gotten $21 Trillion Richer Since 1989. The Bottom 50% Have Gotten Poorer.
http://nymag.com/intelligencer/2019/06/the-fed-just-released-a-damning-indictment-of-capitalism.html
Conservatives are desperate to absolve the 1 percent
https://theweek.com/articles/849984/conservatives-are-desperate-absolve-1-percent
Canceling all college debt will make us smarter and richer
https://www.cnn.com/2019/06/27/opinions/cancel-college-debt-smarter-richer-taylor/index.html
Restoring the Great American Middle
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/restoring-the-great-american-middle/

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

other posts referencing Milton Friedman
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#16 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#18 Once the dust settles, do you think Milton Friedman's economic theories will be laid to rest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#34 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#72 Five Outdated Leadership Ideas That Need To Die
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#34 If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#102 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#77 Trump delay of the 'fiduciary rule' will cost retirement savers $3.7 billion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#44 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#96 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#8 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#16 Conservatives and Spending
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#44 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#53 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#63 Real World OODA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#107 Why IBM Should -- and Shouldn't -- Break Itself Up
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#45 "Subprime Is Contained" (& Other Evidence That "They Really Don't Know What They're Doing")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#92 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#87 Where Is Everyone???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#115 Economists Should Stop Defending Milton Friedman's Pseudo-science
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#107 Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of workers, researchers say
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#117 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Packard Bell/Apple

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Packard Bell/Apple
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jul 2019 16:17:41 -1000
hancock4 writes:

One reason Hollywood wanted digital was to eliminate the cost of making and shipping prints (expensive), and prints would deteriorate (scratch, dirt, and breaks) while shown. (Eliminating piracy was another factor).


towards end of last century we had several meetings with hollywood about move to digital (one of the guys in the meetings would tell stories about his oscar).

they had lots of plans

1) move to digital encrypted as part of countermeasure to piracy, some of the piracy was low quality somebody recording low quality from theater seat ... but there was quite a bit that was high quality film reproduction.

2) move to TI projection chip, minimizing gap between decryption and projection, also eliminate film, modern film projection is really hot and gives off lots of fumes ... projection booth costs huge amount of money for gov. regulations dealing with fumes) also quickly degrades film; substantial savings in not having film projection booth that handles fumes.

3) combine digital projection with electronic tracking admissions with electronic funds transfers ... lots of theaters were taking 3-6 months to pay studios for showing film and notorious for under reporting attendance.

at that time TI projection chip was only capable of 35MM small theater ... but they were planning that it wouldn't be long before it was 70MM for large theaters.

a couple old posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#61 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#44 Digital projection conversion costs theatens drive-ins
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#49 Digital projection conversion costs theatens drive-ins

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Packard Bell/Apple

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Packard Bell/Apple
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jul 2019 17:17:45 -1000
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:

He was supposed to wait for General Terry, and they would make a combined attack. Depending on which book you read, either its a rumor or a fact stated by Custer, he attacked with just the 7th Cavalry so he could ride the glory and become the next president. Don't forget, it was Custer who exposed a member of President Grant's family as corrupt.


I've seen this version a number of places (he was to wait, but split his forces and attacked) ... "The Battle of the Little Bighorn, 1876"
http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/custer.htm

genocide strategy goes up to Sheriden

The Comanche Empire
https://www.amazon.com/Comanche-Empire-Lamar-Western-History-ebook/dp/B001HZZ05C/
loc4690-93:

When planning Comanche campaigns, the U.S. Army was able to draw on its rapidly accumulating experience in fighting the Plains Indians. The Lakota wars had revealed that regular soldiers, although armed with Colt revolvers and Winchester repeating rifles, were a poor match for the highly motivated and mobile Indian warriors


loc4695-99:

Short of troops and wary of open battles, the army set out to deprive the Comanches of shelter and sustenance by destroying their winter camps, food supplies, and horse herds. By the early 1870s this kind of total warfare against entire populations was an established practice in the U.S. Army. Sherman had pioneered it against the Confederacy in his "March to the Sea," and Sheridan had introduced a stripped-down version of it to the plains in his 1868-69 winter campaign against the Cheyennes.

... snip ...

except Sherman wasn't slaughtering women and children, practicing genocide. "Generals South, Generals North: The Commanders of the Civil War Reconsidered"
https://www.amazon.com/Generals-South-North-Commanders-Reconsidered-ebook/dp/B012A1WML6/
loc6085-88:

Despite the mixed results of his approach to cavalry and the moral ambiguity (in the Indian Wars verging on genocide) of his policy of waging war on civilians, it cannot be denied that Sheridan was a superb leader of troops, a fine tactician, and an aggressive fighter, who was especially effective in forcing Lee to surrender his Army of Northern Virginia in the closing weeks of the Civil War.

.... snip ...

along with contributions by transcontinetal railroad also involved in scamming of constition and supreme court about " corporations as people". It started almost immediately ... but one of the most egregious was Conkling arguing before the supreme court that the 14th amendment met to include corporations as protected minorities

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
Originally, US corporations were entities that operate in public interest, but then certain factions wanted those rights extended to entities that can operate in self interest as well "people" rights under constitution. pgxiii/loc45-50:

IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business corporations too.

... snip ...

By the time somebody reviewed all records involving the 14th admendment and found there was absolutely no consideration of corporations as people, there were 312 14th admendment cases involving corporations but only 28 cases involving African Americans. Unfortunately by this time, the scam resulted in significant legal precedent that corporations were people, transcontinental railroad
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and Railroaded
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pg77/pg1984-86:

By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.


pg510/loc10030-33:

The result was not only unneeded railroads whose effects were as often bad as beneficial but also corruption of the markets and the government. The men who directed this capital were frequently not themselves capitalists. They were entrepreneurs who borrowed money or collected subsidies. These entrepreneurs did not invent the railroad, but they were inventing corporations, railroad systems, and new forms of competition. Those things yielded both personal wealth and social disasters.


pg515/loc10118-22:

The need to invest capital and labor in large amounts to maintain and upgrade what had already been built was one debt owed to the past, but the second one was what Charles Francis Adams in his days as a reformer referred to as a tax on trade. All of the watered stock, money siphoned off into private pockets, waste, and fraud that characterized the building of the railroads created a corporate debt that had to be paid through higher rates and scrimping on service. A shipper in 1885 was still paying for the frauds of the 1860s.

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Sheridan and/or Conkling
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#40 Indian Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#12 For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#84 If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#59 The rise and fall of IBM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Packard Bell/Apple

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Packard Bell/Apple
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jul 2019 20:41:42 -1000
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple

a recent description

Custer's Luck: How Information, Assumptions and Experience Drive Our Decision-Making
https://news.clearancejobs.com/2019/06/25/custers-luck-how-information-assumptions-and-experience-drive-our-decision-making/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Range

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Range
Date: 02 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#67 Range
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#71 Range

this comes a little closer to my how&why people ... book has mostly has used experience as narrow, deep learning ... as opposed to past experience and rote learning versus frame of mind, pg274/looc3447-48:

In wicked domains that lack automatic feedback, experience alone does not improve performance. Effective habits of mind are more important, and they can be developed.

... and of course pg267/loc3370-74:

Ellen Cousins researches fraud for trial lawyers. Her research naturally roams from medicine to business. She has wide-ranging interests on the side, from collecting historical artifacts to embroidery, laser etching, and lock picking. She conducts pro bono research on military veterans who should (and sometimes do) get upgraded to the Medal of Honor. She felt exactly the same as Eastman. Narrow experts are an invaluable resource, she told me, "but you have to understand that they may have blinders on. So what I try to do is take facts from them, not opinions." Like polymath inventors, Eastman and Cousins take ravenously from specialists and integrate.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
Date: 03 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

Soviets had something over 500 divisions, US in africa with 13 divisions has been characterized as warm up learning exercise. Also Roosevelt complained that Churchill was constantly trying to distract from the main objective with Mediteranean adventures (to protect their middle east interests). List of all 91 Army divisions that served in all of WW2, all theaters
https://www.armydivs.com/
The 90-division gamble
https://history.army.mil/books/70-7_15.htm

One third of total US WW2 spending went to strategic bombing program which had a hard time hitting anything from 5-6miles up (mentioned upthread) ... until they switched to fire-bombing whole cities. "Air power and maneuver warfare", loc719-22:

The effectiveness of the German air attacks is debatable. At the time, it seemed almost like the apocalypse had come, as testimonies by Polish officers and other survivors prove. 44 On the other hand, a survey conducted by the Germans themselves after the campaign found the actual damage to be disappointingly slight.


loc2520-22:

The famous Strategic Bombing Survey conducted after World War II suggests that the main accomplishment of American and British long-range bombing was the diversion of German resources into air defense, giving the Soviets a free ride on this account.

... snip ...

Before Oct1941 treaty, Germany had secret arrangement with Soviets to manufacture military weapons, planes, tanks, etc, circumventing Versailles. On the other hand John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany industry and military 20s through the early 40s (along with lots of major US corporations) ... previously mentioned upthread.

from the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program needing industrial and military targets & locations in Germany, they got the information from wallstreet

military-industrial complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

past posts mentioning strategic bombing survey:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#10 America's Defense Meltdown
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#91 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#92 Off topic screeds (was Re: Friden Flexowriter equipment series)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#13 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#82 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#0 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#76 Your earliest dream?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#89 Your earliest dream?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#37 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Long Read to the Student Debt Crisis

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Long Read to the Student Debt Crisis
Date: 03 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Long Read to the Student Debt Crisis
https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-long-road-to-the-student-debt-crisis-11559923730

My understanding is that for-profit universities last decade got congress to exempt student loans from bankruptcy law ... which saw enormous spike in predatory lending practices (even following them into retirement benefits)

Condemned to DEBT: The $tudent Loan Crisis
https://www.condemnedtodebt.org/2019/07/in-re-engen-nondischargable-student.html

Judge Berger went on to articulate the grave harm suffered by distressed student-loan debtors who are unable to discharge their loans in bankruptcy. "Nondischargeable student loans may create a virtual debtors' prison," he wrote, "one without physical containment but assuredly a prison of emotional confinement" (p. 550).

... snip ...

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM: Buying While Apathetaic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
Date: 03 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://seekingalpha.com/article/4273218-ibm-buying-apathetic?source=facebook

max configured mainframe have consistently been around $30M for the last several generations

z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017

...

z10, $1,000K/BIPS
z196 $600K/BIPS
EC12 $400K/BIPS
z13 $300K/BIPS
z14 $200K/BIPS



before IBM sold off server line, it had base price of $1800 for (z196 era) E5-2600 blade (two 4-core chips, 8 processors) rates at up to 520BIPS or $3.60/BIPS. For nearly two decades the large cloud operators have been claiming that they assemble their own server blades for 1/3rd the cost of brand name servers or a little over $1/BIPS for E5-2600 blade (compared to z196 $600K/BIPS) Analysis from a couple years ago is that IBM mainframe hardware sales are a couple percent of total revenue (and dropping), but the mainframe organization is 25% of IBM revenue (and 40% of profit), aka mostly software and services.

A large cloud megadatacenter will have over half million server blades (and highly automated, managed by staff of 80-120 people, nearly 10,000 systems/person, each system with greater than ten times the processing of max configured mainframe). With the radical reduction in system costs, power and cooling have increasingly become the major cost for cloud operations. Also with enormous reduction in systems costs, cloud operations will over-provision allowing for significant elastic on-demand service (and requirement for server chips that reduce power to zero while idle, but are "instant-on" for on-demand service). About the time IBM sold off its server business, major server chip vendors were starting to say they were shipping half their chips directly to cloud operators (many with custom design tweaks to address specific cloud requirements).

Most recent up to 8 chip sockets, up to 56cores/chip, 448 cores (processors), SMP shared memory, providing large number of TIPS (1000s BIPS)

A typical large cloud operation will have several megadatacenter spread around the world with over half million such systems per center.

recent cloud &/or 8chip socket posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#7 10 Years With Tux
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#46 IBM Mainframe Z14
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#64 IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#12 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#42 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

There are claims that some of the vendors still in the server business are selling "white box" private & hybrid cloud implementations at drastically reduced price (close to the assembly costs claimed by public cloud operations). This has price/BIPS system close to 1/100,000 that of mainframe along with drastically reduced people, software, power & cooling costs (and significantly greater growth). For a mainframe that is justified for other reasons ... and for some reason has excess capacity that can be devoted. Possible transition, company getting feet wet with available excess mainframe capacity, but any cloud use growth would quickly justify transition to non-mainframe.

Other number trivia:

CKD disks haven't been made for decades, but are still required by the POK favorite son operating system, with the overhead CKD simulation using industry standard fixed-block disks. Late 70s, I had offered FBA support, but was told that even fully tested and integrated, I needed an additional $26M business case ($200M-$300M in incremental sales) to cover training and documentation and since IBM was already selling all the disks it could make, FBA support would just be the same sales (as CKD and I can't use life-time benefits business case of moving from CKD to FBA).

DASD, CKD, FBA, multi-track search postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

1980, STL is bursting at the seams and they are moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with service back to the STL datacenter. They tried "remote 3270" support and found the human factors totally unacceptable. I'm con'ed into doing channel extender support allowing "channel attached" 3270 controllers to be placed at the offsite bldg (and can't tell human factor differences between the offsite bldg and physically in STL). The hardware vendor tries to get IBM to let them ship my support, however there is group in POK playing with some serial stuff and get it vetoed (afraid that if it is in the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff released).

channel-extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

1988, LLNL (national lab) is playing with some serial stuff and I'm asked to help them standardize it ... which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980). The POK people finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already obsolete. Then some POK people become involved with fibre channel standard and define an enormously heavy weight protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput which is eventually released as FICON. The latest published numbers I've found for FICON is "peak I/O benchmark" for z196 that got 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre channel). About the same time, a fibre channel was announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such native fibre channel have greater throughput than 104 running FICON). I've found some more recent references to FICON improvements (somewhat similar to some of the work I did in 1980) but only claims 30% improvement ... which is still much worse than native fibre channel.

FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

and more than you might ever want to know

Early 90s, heyday of killer micros and mainframe is dead, there were major billion dollar software efforts in the financial industry to redo financial settlement for straight-through processing. Existing was left over from mainframe 60s with settlement done in batch in the over night window; over the years, "real-time" was added by queuing settlement for the overnight batch window. By mid-90s, combination of increased activity and globalization decreasing the available window was putting extreme pressure on the overnight batch window. Straight-through processing was planning on leveraging parallel processing with huge number of killer micros ... however they were using industry parallelization library that 100 times the overhead of cobol batch. When (I and others) pointed this out to them, they just ignored it ... and in the later part of the 90s there were numerous pilot efforts that went down in enormous flames with the parallelizing overhead totally swamping the throughput increases anticipated with large number of killer micros.

Around the turn of the century I was asked to look at performance optimization for a datacenter running >40 max configured mainframes (@$30M, none older than 18months, constantly being upgraded) running a 450K statement Cobol batch application (number of mainframes needed to complete financial settlement in overnight batch window). They had something like 80 people in performance group that were responsible for the performance care and feeding of the application ... but primarily focused on (myopically) monitoring for code "hot spots".

At the science center in the early 70s, we were doing performance work, 1) monitoring for hot-spots, 2) system simulation, and 3) multiple regression analysis. One of the system simulation project was an APL-based analytical model ... that in the mid-70s is made available on the HONE system as the performance predictor. Branch people can enter customer workload and configuration data and ask "what-if" questions (what happens with workload changes and/or adding additional hardware). In the IBM downturn in the early 90s including selling off lots of software, a consultant manages to acquire a much later version of the performance predictor, runs it through a APL->C convertor and using it for large system performance consulting business. He is brought in and uses it to find seven percent performance improvement. I use multiple regression analysis to find 14% performance improvement (overlooked by the myopic hot spot analysis). I had semi-facetiously said I would forego any fee for the work in return for 5% of the savings (40*$30M*14%*5%=$8.4M)... never happened.

Later last decade I get involved with somebody that had done a high level business operation description that compiles into parallelizable fine-grain SQL statements. He demos lots of easily created financial applications on scores of "killer micros", including straight-through, real-time settlement (leveraging huge amount of work that RDBMS vendors, including IBM, had put into parallelizing cluster throughput and performance). Presentations to financial bodies initially had great acceptance and then hit a break wall. We were finally told that there were lots of financial executives that still bore the scars from the 90s failed efforts to move off the mainframe ... and it wouldn't be tried again until they were all long gone.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE (&/or APL) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#subtopic.html#hone

recent straight through processing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#63 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#39 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#11 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#32 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#3 Somewhat Interesting Mainframe Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#37 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#85 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#62 Cobol
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?

recent performance predictor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#36 Ransomware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#54 CMS\APL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#109 Bimodal Distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#5 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#68 Pareto efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#103 why VM, was thrashing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#109 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#27 Online Computer Conferencing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Groundbreaking' Study Shows Federal $15 Minimum Wage Would Not Cause Job Losses in Low-Wage States

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'Groundbreaking' Study Shows Federal $15 Minimum Wage Would Not Cause Job Losses in Low-Wage States
Date: 04 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
Busting Right-Wing Talking Point, 'Groundbreaking' Study Shows Federal $15 Minimum Wage Would Not Cause Job Losses in Low-Wage States
https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/07/02/busting-right-wing-talking-point-groundbreaking-study-shows-federal-15-minimum-wage

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

past posts mentioning minimum wage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#4 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#5 daycare arbitrage, was What Makes Infrastructure investment not bizarre
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#12 weird apple trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#103 Minimum Wage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#106 Minimum Wage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#107 Minimum Wage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#109 Minimum Wage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#37 New phone scams
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#70 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#24 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#31 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#41 Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#42 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#26 Bitcoin confusion?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#54 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#64 Mystery of the Underpaid American Worker
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#103 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A push to equalize labor laws for child farmworkers, who are often immigrants

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: A push to equalize labor laws for child farmworkers, who are often immigrants
Date: 04 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
A push to equalize labor laws for child farmworkers, who are often immigrants
https://publicintegrity.org/immigration/immigration-employment/child-farmworkers-labor-laws/

Early grade school, school buses would come through the neighborhood in the summer between 5&6am and pick up mothers with their young children to take us out to the fields. Mothers would sit on the side lines with toddlers while the rest of us worked in the fields all day until late ... long ago and far away

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Americans Die Younger Despite Spending the Most on Health Care

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Americans Die Younger Despite Spending the Most on Health Care
Date: 04 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
Americans Die Younger Despite Spending the Most on Health Care
https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2017-health-care-spending/

other refs:

America's Next Crisis: Health Gap Between Rich And Poor Widens
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-07-03/americas-next-crisis-health-gap-between-rich-and-poor-widens
U.S. Life Expectancy Drops for Third Year in a Row, Reflecting Rising Drug Overdoses, Suicides; Drop represents longest sustained decline in expected lifespan since the tumultuous period of 1915 to 1918
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/us-life-expectancy-drops-third-year-row-reflecting-rising-drug-overdose-suicide-rates-180970942/
CDC Data Show U.S. Life Expectancy Continues to Decline
https://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20181210lifeexpectdrop.html
American life expectancy has dropped again. Here's why
https://www.pbs.org/newshour/health/american-life-expectancy-has-dropped-again-heres-why
The decline in U.S. life expectancy is unlike anything we've seen in a century
https://www.popsci.com/life-expectancy-declining/
CDC: U.S. Life Expectancy Falls Again
https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2018/11/us-life-expectancy-keeps-falling/576664/
U.S. health spending twice other countries' with worse results
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-spending/u-s-health-spending-twice-other-countries-with-worse-results-idUSKCN1GP2YN
Health care in the U.S. most costly in the world by far
https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/2019/04/11/countries-that-spend-the-most-on-public-health/39307147/
Drop in life expectancy an 'indictment of the American health care system'
https://www.statnews.com/2018/01/04/life-expectancy-us-health-care/

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

Private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

private equity moving into health care, hospitals, nursing homes, medical practices, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#17 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#58 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#105 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#107 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#108 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#18 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#42 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#30 HP splits, again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#64 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#77 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#53 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#63 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#97 In American Towns, Private Profits From Public Works
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#110 The top 50 hospitals that gouge patients the most
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#94 A 40-year "conspiracy" at the VA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#99 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#41 Disregard post (another screwup)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#29 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#31 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#34 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#69 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#100 Barb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#35 OT: Trump
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#64 Mystery of the Underpaid American Worker
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#1 As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#41 Capitalism Gone Wild
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#42 Capitalism Gone Wild
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#89 How Private Equity Is Turning Public Prisons Into Big Profits

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The 1% has so much money they literally don't know what to do with it

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The 1% has so much money they literally don't know what to do with it
Date: 04 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
The 1% has so much money they literally don't know what to do with it
https://www.businessinsider.com/the-1-percent-dont-know-what-to-do-with-money-2019-6

The 1 Percent Has Stolen So Much Money From the Rest of Us They Do Not Know What to Do With the Stolen Cash
https://johnhively.wordpress.com/2019/07/05/the-1-percent-has-stolen-so-much-money-from-the-rest-of-us-they-do-not-know-what-to-do-with-the-stolen-cash/

Minimum wage would be $33 today if it grew like Wall Street bonuses have
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/minimum-wage-would-be-33-today-if-it-grew-like-wall-street-bonuses-have/
Busting Right-Wing Talking Point, 'Groundbreaking' Study Shows Federal $15 Minimum Wage Would Not Cause Job Losses in Low-Wage States
https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/07/02/busting-right-wing-talking-point-groundbreaking-study-shows-federal-15-minimum-wage

more from recent thread
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM: Buying While Apathetaic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
Date: 05 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic

correction, performance predictor was done by co-worker at science center, yon bard. also when Palo Alto consolidated US HONE expanded to "single system image" across all systems in loosely-coupled complex ... with load-balancing and fall over across the complex ... a version of performance predictor was used to make load balancing decisions ... which system somebody would be logged into.

HONE (&/or APL) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

other performance predictor trivia:

in the morph of CP/67 to VM/370, they simplified and/or dropped a lot of stuff ... including lots of my enhancements. IBM USER GROUP SHARE started campaign to have my stuff put back ... initially with little success. I continued to do enhancements and continued my hobby of providing enhanced production operating systems to internal datacenters. This tended to drop off as internal datacenters started migrating from the (internal only) CP67 that ran on 370 machines to VM/370. I finally started migration to VM/370 ... some old email reference:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

scient center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech csc/vm (&/or sjr/vm) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#cscvm

and began making enhanceed production CSC/VM available to internal datacenters (including HONE which was longtime customer). During the Future System period, 370 efforts were being shutdown (although I continued working on 360/370, even periodically ridiculing the FS activity). Then when FS imploded and the mad rush to gets stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... which appeared to contribute to decision to release parts of my stuff ... some of which was included in the base VM/370. The 23June1969 unbundling announcement started separate charging for bunch of stuff, including (application) software (they had managed to make the case that kernel software should still be free). However the dearth of 370 products during the FS period is credited with giving clone processor makers, a market foothold. This appears to have motivated the decision to transition to kernel software charging ... and my resource manager was selected as the initial guinea pig (release as a separate charged for kernel component enhancement).

unbundling (announcement) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
resource management posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

As part of the system enhancements, I had developed an automatic benchmarking process that could vary a lot of system characteristics and workload between benchmarks. For the final release of my Resource Manager did 2000 benchmarks to validate dynamic operation across a wide range of characteristics and workloads that took 3months elapsed time to run. The first 1000 benchmarks had pre-selected workload/charactistics that systematically covered the domain ... and a modified version of the performance predictor was run between each benchmark ... where it predicted the results for that benchmark and then compared the actual results with its prediction (helping validate both is simulation and my dynamic adaptive resource management). The final 1000 benchmarks were selected by the performance predictor ... algorithmicly looking to discover anomolous cases.

automated benchmarking trivia:

The initial port of mostly resource management code from CP/67 to VM/370 and doing automated benchmarking, VM/370 consistently failed under heavy load. I then had to move over a bunch of CP/67 kernel integrity before I could continue much further ... getting VM/370 where it wouldn't be crashing during benchmarking sessions.

benchmark posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#benchmark

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM: Buying While Apathetaic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
Date: 06 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#85 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic

Melinda Varian has lot of that history, with a lot more from the science center side, scroll down this page (I supplied her with kindle and PDF formats)
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda#VMHist

Note co-worker at science center was responsible for design and implementation and early deployment of the ibm internal network (not SNA) which was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Early 80s, I had HSDT project with T1 and faster links, and we were working with NSF diector and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally NSF releases an RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other agencies, but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet

interconnect the NSF supercomputer center
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/
Old post with 28Mar1986 NSF preliminary announce
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

At the time the communication group was spreading a lot of misinformation internally about how SNA/VTAM could be used for the RFP. Some collected a lot of the misinformation email and forwarded it to us. Misinformation not limited to, VTAM only ran on IBM mainframe which most of the NSF supercomputer centers didn't have and RFP called for T1 (1.5mbits) links (we had running for some time) and fastest support mainframe VTAM had was 56kbits. Heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

NSF network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
arpanet/internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The 1% has so much money they literally don't know what to do with it

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The 1% has so much money they literally don't know what to do with it
Date: 06 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#84 The 1% has so much money they literally don't know what to do with it</a

America's Record-Long "Expansion" Was Just The Rich Getting Richer As The Middle Class Died
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-07-02/americas-record-long-expansion-was-just-rich-getting-richer-middle-class-died

At the same time, the signs of struggle and stagnation for lower income levels have also been presenting themselves. The wealthiest 20% of Americans hold 88% of the country's wealth, a share that has grown since before the crisis. On the other end of the spectrum, "the number of people receiving federal food stamps tops 39 million, below the peak in 2013 but still up 40% from 2008 even though the country's population has only grown about 8%" as the middle class was crushed and as millions dropped out, and down, into the lower class.

Regardless, 10 years ago, this kind of growth wasn't thought possible. The financial system was teetering on the brink of disaster and people feared that bank failures could permanently undermine capitalism. But now, it looks as though many of the signs of the wealth that proceeded the financial crisis are again presenting themselves.


... snip ...

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fwd: Happy 50th Birthday CICS

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Fwd: Happy 50th Birthday CICS
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 7 Jul 2019 20:21:09 -0700
marktregan@GMAIL.COM (Mark Regan) writes:


https://it.toolbox.com/blogs/trevoreddolls/happy-50th-birthday-cics-070719



other recent posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#70 CICS Product 50 Years Old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#28 CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8

As an undergraduate, within a year after taking 2hr intro to computing/fortran (they had 709 tape->tape with 1401 unit record front-end ... manually moving tapes between 709 drives and 1401 drives), I was hired fulltime to be responsible for academic and administration mainframe systems (they had 360/67 replacing 709/1401 supposedly for tss/360 which never quite came to production fruition, and so ran as 360/65 with os/360). I got to redo a lot of os/360, including sysgen. Student fortran jobs ran less than second on 709, but initially move to os/360 ran over minute (about 100 times slower). Adding HASP, cut it about in half (over 30 seconds). I then redid sysgen to carefully place datasets and members in PDS for optimal arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search ... which improved another factor of three. Last week in January 1968, three people from the science center came out to install CP67 ... which I would get to play with on weekends ... along with OS/360 work (univ. shutdown datacenter from 8am sat until 8am monday ... and I would have the place to myself, although it made any Monday morning class a little hard having gone 48hrs w/o sleep). Part of old SHARE presentation fall 1968 ... mostly CP/67 pathlength rewrites to improve OS/360 running in virtual machine (put also some amount of carefully reordered os/360 stage2 sysgen to optimize dataset arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

University library gets ONR grant to do online library catalog and part of the money goes for 2321 datacell. 1969 was also selected as one of the original CICS product betatest sites ... and supporting/debugging CICS was added to responsibility. One of the "bugs" was original CICS had some undocumented hard coded BDAM file options and university was using a different set of options. W/o source, it took some time to diagnose CICS startup was failing with BDAM file open (and why).

lots of CICS history, gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/http://www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm
and
https://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm

CICS (&/or BDAM) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A New Theory On Time Indicates Present And Future Exist Simultaneously

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: A New Theory On Time Indicates Present And Future Exist Simultaneously
Date: 07 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
A New Theory On Time Indicates Present And Future Exist Simultaneously
https://physics-astronomyblog.blogspot.com/2019/01/a-new-theory-on-time-indicates-present.html

I actually have a time-related IBM joke. After Future System implodes and mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipeline (and to reverse the decision to no charge for kernel software, after lack of 370 products during FS period is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold), some of my dynamica adaptive resource management (some of stuff that had been removed in CP67->VM370) is decided to be guinee pig for starting to charge for kernel software as addon to the base product.

Somebody from corporate comes into audit/review release and says I have no manual tuning knobs ... the state of the art for performance & resource management is lots of manual tuning knobs (at the time there were SHARE presentations about benchmarks involving vast array of MVS manual tuning knobs). I try to explain dynamic adaptive, but fell on deaf ears, no approval until manual tuning knobs. I put in manual tuning knobs, document the formulas and show the code ... but it is a joke. From OR, "degrees of freedom", the manual tuning knobs have less degrees of freedom than the dynamic adaptive code (most people took the formula as static). Nearly 20yrs later I talking to some youngster fresh out of Univ. of Waterloo who said they studied my resource manager in college. I asked him if they mentioned the joke.

Trivia. I had original done dynamic adaptive resource management for cp67 as undergraduate at the univ in the 60s (nearly 30 years earlier)

23june1969 unbundling posts (included starting to charge for application, but not kernel software)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
dynamic adaptive resource manager posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DNS & other trivia

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: DNS & other trivia
Date: 07 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
dns trivia: creator of DNS in 1983
https://internethalloffame.org/inductees/paul-mockapetris

was at MIT in the early 70s and had job at the IBM science center ... worked on program for semi-automated merging different threads of source updates.

multi-level (hierarchical) source update had been done at the science center in the early 70s (exec procedure iteratively applying sequences of updates) as part of joint development with endicott for virtual 370 support in CP67. I had a bunch of L-updates for the base production CP/67 system that ran on real 360/67. Applied on top of L-updates were "H-updates" that provided 370 virtual machines (alternative to 360/67 virtual machines). Applied on top of "I-updates" was modified CP/67 that ran in a 370 virtual machine. CP67-I regularly ran in 370 virtual machines a year before the first engineering machine with virtual memory support was operational ... and in fact, Endicott used CP67-I as regression test for the first operational engineering machine. Two people from San Jose came out to Cambridge and added 3330 and 2305 device support which became CP67-SJ and used for quite some time internally within IBM, even after VM370 became available (in the move from CP67 to VM370, a lot of features from CP67 were eliminated and/or simplified). trivia: part of the reason CP67-H ran in virtual machine was it was before 370 virtual memory was even announced, and the science center service included non-IBM employees, staff, students, professors from Boston/Cambridge area universities (and they wanted to minimize details leaking).

In any case, Paul worked on software that attempted to merge multiple parallel sets of updates, flagging and attempting to reconcile conflicts between different source update threads.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

other trivia: DNS files source look somewhat like GML tags ... which were invented at the science center in 1969 (a decade later morphs into ISO standard, SGML, and after another decade morphs into HTML at CERN) ... and tag processing was then added to script (in additon to the "runoff-like" controls).

gml posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

internet trivia: the "great" cutover from IMP/host protocol to internetworking protocol occured on 1Jan1983.

At that time, IBM SJR had the first/original gateway between IBM internal network and the rest of the world. I've included a little of IBM email from that period
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm

Co-worker at science center was responsible for technology (non-SNA) used for the IBM internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) and the corporate sponsored university BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for some part of the 80s). We both transferred to SJR in the late 70s.

The efforts to move IBM to internetworking protocol was constantly blocked. "It's Cool To Be Clever: The story of Edson C. Hendricks, the genius who invented the design for tthe Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
another
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
and IBM's Missed Opportunity With the Internet
https://web.archive.org/web/20121106121923/http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-55912264.html

web triva: first web server in US was on SLAC's vm370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

Starting in the early 80s, I had HSDT project with T1 (1.5mbits/sec) and faster links and working with NSF director; was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers, then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally they release RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF Director tries to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other agencies ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (as well as comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses).

28Mar1986 NSF preliminary announce
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
and
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

as regional networks connect into the centers, it grows into the NSF backbone, precursor to modern internet.

Communication group was also spreading a lot of misinformation internally how they might play with NSF. Somebody collected a lot of the misinformation email and it was forwarded to us ... extensively clipped and redacted to pretect the guilty:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSF network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

past Edson posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#10 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#12 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#16 Two new (internal network related) wiki entries
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#17 What is IBM culture?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#29 It's Cool To Be Clever
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#35 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#49 CMS load module format
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#2 Soups
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#16 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#33 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#81 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#97 test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#98 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#99 Stop SOPA! A Plea from the Inventors of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#105 5 ways to keep your rockstar employees happy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#46 What s going on in the redbooks site?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#83 The PC industry is heading for collapse
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#59 A computer metaphor for systems integration
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#65 Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#89 Defense acquisitions are broken and no one cares
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#73 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#20 Vm & ZLinux VSWITCH question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#95 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#83 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#84 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#52 Crovitz Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#6 Real Hackers use Big Iron (Humor)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#15 Why former IBMers who left maybe years ago for any reason are still active on the Greater IBM Connection?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#22 What is a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#74 mainframe "selling" points
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#61 Google Patents Staple of '70s Mainframe Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#77 Spacewar! on S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#1 Spacewar! on S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#0 What in your opinion is the one defining IBM product?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#70 How internet can evolve
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#46 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#51 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#66 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#3 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#16 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#89 Viewing Where the Internet Goes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#43 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#75 NJE Clarifications
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#77 Spacewar Oral History Research Project
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#93 Costs of core
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#41 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#61 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#23 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#98 VNET 1983 IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#21 Dot What?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#66 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#74 Where are Internet Lists for Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#80 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#99 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#66 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#73 Miniskirts and mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#96 Systems thinking--still in short supply
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#103 Median Age of US Managers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#108 25 Years: How the Web began
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#53 E.R. Burroughs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#108 Some (IBM-related) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#124 Early Networking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#126 Five myths about the Web
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#13 Bullying
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#6 INTERNET
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#17 Why Large Companies Can't Innovate
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#5 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#43 Formed by Megafloods, This Place Fooled Scientists for Decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#62 Most people are secretly threatened by creativity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#62 People don't actually like creativity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#11 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#14 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#20 cultural stereotypes, was Ironic old "fortune"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#105 The IBM 7094 and CTSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#4 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#84 Bureaucracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#33 How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#98 Mainframe Use/History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#46 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#73 Army researchers find the best cyber teams are antisocial cyber teams
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#106 Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#111 The story of the internet is all about layers; How the internet lost its decentralized innocence
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#67 Range

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
Date: 09 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

re: German 50 divisions & 800,000 soldiers from upthread

Sand and Steel
https://www.amazon.com/Sand-Steel-Invasion-Liberation-France-ebook/dp/B07PPVG8HG/

pg19/loc992-98:

However, OB West's remaining twenty-three Bodenständige (static position) divisions were either immobile or reserve infantry formations, with low Kampfwert (combat effectiveness) ratings. They were assessed as incapable of taking on offensive missions, and suitable only for limited defence. For the latter's transportation needs, in Rundstedt's domain there were 115,000 military horses on strength, a stark reminder of how reliant on these creatures the German armed forces were in 1944 – by contrast, the Allies would bring with them not a single equine. 3 A year earlier, roughly twenty-five per cent of officers stationed in France had fought in Russia; by 1944, this figure had almost doubled to sixty per cent. This did not necessarily reflect a reinforcement of the west, but a higher proportion of wounded and convalescing leaders.

... snip ...

Germany was so depleated by D-day that they were using horses for transport, pg38/loc1415-18:

It still comes as a surprise to many that the German Army in Normandy was predominantly horse-drawn. When Second Lieutenant Bob Sheehan of the US 60th Chemical Company (an outfit responsible for smoke weapons) breasted a rise over the dunes of Omaha on 7 June, he saw ‘a mind-shattering sight that convinced me the war was as good as won. It was a dead horse. The poor animal was still attached to the wagon it had been pulling.


pg39/loc1421-24:

We have already noted that 115,000 of them were assigned to OB West, with exactly 33,739 on the books of the Seventh Army on 1 March 1944, and another ten thousand arriving by 1 June. 60 These numbers came as a shock to Rommel, who, of course, had commanded the 7th Panzer Division in 1940 and the Afrika Korps in 1941–3, neither of which used horses.


pg42/loc1496-1502:

As we have seen, over 1942–3 the Seventh Army lost its best troops to the Eastern Front, who were replaced by less fit, older conscripts, Volksdeutsche (ethnic Germans from the occupied east) and Osttruppen (Eastern European volunteers), the latter comprising twenty-three battalions or about seventeen per cent of Dollmann's infantry. 74 Given his lamentable lack of combat experience, Dollmann was the worst possible choice anyone could have made for senior command on a potential invasion coast. He shoulders the blame for the Seventh Army's lack of training, poor defences and hopeless reaction to D-Day. A Seventh Army with almost anyone else at its helm would have given the Allies a much harder fight on 6 June.


pg46/loc1590-94:

The German war machine was nothing like as dangerous as supposed by the Allies in 1944. Yet, during and after the Normandy campaign, Hitler's armies gained almost superhuman status. Today they continue to enjoy a surprisingly undiminished reputation. The June–August 1944 battles were shockingly violent and viciously fought, and from some of the more laudatory reports of German manoeuvres, the reader might be forgiven for thinking the Allies were the vanquished and the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS the victors. So where does the idea of Nazi military superiority come from?


pg47/loc1600-1604:

The stature of the Nazi war machine, forged in North Africa, Italy and on the Eastern Front, was still feared in 1944, though demonstrably hollowed out. It also helped Berlin that the Western Allies, particularly the 21st Army Group, were also excessively cautious, which played to the German inclination – despite their convoluted command – of tactical speed of reaction. Finally, it also suited many Allied commanders after the war to talk up the prowess of their opponents, making the achievement of subduing them all the greater.

... snip ...

aka, Allied commanders tried to give the impression they were up against something similar to what the Russian 500 divisions were dealing with.

perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Holocaust

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Holocaust
Date: 09 July 2019
Blog: Facebook
note that John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding German industry and military from the 20s up through the early 40s.
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:

In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.


loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.


loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis (and circumvent the neutrality laws)
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:

One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program needed locations of industrial and military targets in Germany, they got the information from wallstreet.

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldof-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity, part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

trivia: some members of congress got neutrality law passed in reaction to the enormous war profiteering they had observed during WW1. Attempting to counter that, the industrialists had ongoing propaganda campaign to respin neutrality as isolationism

my wife's father was command of engineering combat group during WW2 and towards the end was ranking officer into Germany, getting collection of officer daggers in surrenders. He was also involved in liberating at least one camp ... having a large collection of photos documenting the conditions. After end of hostilities, he refused further command in Germany, even when promised promotion to General (conjecture was because of what he saw in the camps). Possibly as punishment, he was then sent to China as military advisor to Chiang Kai Shek.

We have been able to find his WW2 (ETO) status reports at National Archives (College Park, Maryland) ... sample

On 28 Apr we were put in D/S of the 13th Armd and 80th Inf Divs and G/S Corps Opns. The night of the 28-29 April we cross the DANUBE River and the next day we set-up our OP in SCHLOSS PUCHHOF (vic PUCHOFF); an extensive structure remarkable for the depth of its carpets, the height of its rooms, the profusion of its game, the superiority of its plumbing and the fact that it had been owned by the original financial backer of the NAZIS, Fritz Thyssen. Herr Thyssen was not at home.

... snip ...

Military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent poots referencing John Foster Dulles & Nazis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#8 The First World War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#49 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#67 IBM's Chief Executive's Message to Shareholders 75 Years Ago
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#61 How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#103 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#33 old grudges, Computers, anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#70 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#77 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017; The ratio of CEO-to-worker compensation grew to 312-to-1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#50 More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






previous, next index - home