List of Archived Posts

2022 Newsgroup Postings (09/03 - 10/28)

We need to rebuild a legal system where corporations owe duties to the general public
A Second Constitutional Convention?
VM/370
IBM Wild Ducks
3880 DASD Controller
IBM Tech Editor
"In Defense of ALGOL"
3880 DASD Controller
IBM 4341
3880 DASD Controller
US state of Virginia has more datacenter capacity than Europe or China
360 Powerup
The Destiny of Civilization: Michael Hudson on Finance Capitalism
The Nazification of American Education
It Didn't Start with Trump: The Decades-Long Saga of How the GOP Went Crazy
Pro-Monarch
Early Internet
Early Internet
Early Internet
no, Socialism and Fascism Are Not the Same
9/11
'Wildfire of disinformation': how Chevron exploits a news desert
3081 TCMs
IBM APL
John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
Another Private Equity-Style Hospital Raid Kills a Busy Urban Hospital
Why Things Fail
Why Things Fail
New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust
The Financial Industry is a Lot Bigger than a Giant Vampire Squid
New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust
Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
Early EMAIL
America's False Idols
Alarm as Koch bankrolls dozens of election denier candidates
Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History
Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History
GOP unveils 'Commitment to America'
GOP unveils 'Commitment to America'
New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust
360/67 Virtual Memory
The implosion of a $16.5 billion Citrix Systems debt deal reveals how private equity firms always manage to wriggle out of trouble
The Conspiracy Theories That Fueled the Civil War
Some BITNET (& other) History
Some BITNET (& other) History
Some BITNET (& other) History
Some BITNET (& other) History
Some BITNET (& other) History
Some BITNET (& other) History
Some BITNET (& other) History
US Debt Vultures Prey on Countries in Economic Distress
Some BITNET (& other) History
IBM changes to retirement benefits
Wednesday Night Round table
Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
F-35A fighters unreliable, 'unready 234 times over 18-month period'
Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
IBM changes to retirement benefits
Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
Datacenter Vulnerability
IBM DPD
IBM DPD
Massachusetts, Boeing
IBM DPD
IBM Dress Code
30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
Datacenter Vulnerability
Mainframe and/or Cloud
Mainframe and/or Cloud
Mainframe and/or Cloud
Mainframe and/or Cloud
Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?
Mainframe and/or Cloud
RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
Turoff Passes ... EIES, Network Nation
RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
Legal fights and loopholes could blunt Medicare's new power to control drug prices
Turoff Passes ... EIES, Network Nation
RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
Chart-armed Katie Porter makes the case that corporate greed is the primary cause of inflation
RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?
RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?
CICS (and other history)
IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
Five fundamental reasons for high oil volatility
IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
TYMSHARE
No, I will not pay the bill
IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old

We need to rebuild a legal system where corporations owe duties to the general public

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: We need to rebuild a legal system where corporations owe duties to the general public
Date: 03 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#121 We need to rebuild a legal system where corporations owe duties to the general public

Why the "Maximizing Shareholder Value" Theory of Corporate Governance is Bogus
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

One mantra you see regularly in the business and popular press goes something along the lines of "the CEO and board have a fiduciary duty to maximize shareholder value." That is untrue. Moreover, the widespread acceptance of that false notion has done considerable harm.

If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in particular.


... snip ...

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html

Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel, even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world."

... snip ...

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
pg127/loc2480-82:

On the face of it, shareholder value is the dumbest idea in the world. Shareholder value is a result, not a strategy... Your main constituencies are your employees, your customers and your products. --Jack Welch, 2009

... snip ...

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards

... snip ...

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

past posts referencing Milton Friedman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#103 The Origin of Student Debt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#81 There is No Nobel Prize in Economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#84 Destruction Of The Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#97 Why Companies Are Becoming B Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#96 Why Companies Are Becoming B Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#30 Why Mislead Readers about Milton Friedman and Segregation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#34 Chicago Boys' 100% Private Pension System in Chile Is in Big Trouble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#36 We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#22 Neoliberalism: America Has Arrived at One of History's Great Crossroads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#17 Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#21 ESG Drives a Stake Through Friedman's Legacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#15 The Other 1 Percent": Morgan Stanley Spots A Market Ratio That Is "Unprecedented Even During The Tech Bubble"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#149 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#64 Capitalism as we know it is dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#32 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#117 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#107 Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of workers, researchers say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#115 Economists Should Stop Defending Milton Friedman's Pseudo-science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#87 Where Is Everyone???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#92 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#107 Why IBM Should -- and Shouldn't -- Break Itself Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#53 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#44 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#16 Conservatives and Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#96 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#44 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#77 Trump delay of the 'fiduciary rule' will cost retirement savers $3.7 billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#102 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#34 If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#72 Five Outdated Leadership Ideas That Need To Die
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#34 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#18 Once the dust settles, do you think Milton Friedman's economic theories will be laid to rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#16 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Second Constitutional Convention?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Second Constitutional Convention?
Date: 04 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
A Second Constitutional Convention? Some Republicans Want to Force One. A new book by a former Democratic senator warns of the risks of allowing states to call for a convention. Some in the G.O.P. see it as the only way to rein in the federal government.
https://www.nytimes.com/2022/09/04/us/politics/constitutional-convention-republican-states.html?smid=fb-nytimes&smtyp=cur

How a Trojan Horse Project to Rewrite Our Constitution Could Actually Happen if Trump Wins in 2020. It's looking more and more like the endgame here for Trump--and the right-wing billionaires who support him and the GOP--is not just to get reelected, but to actually rewrite our Constitution and end the American experiment
https://www.commondreams.org/views/2019/07/17/how-trojan-horse-project-rewrite-our-constitution-could-actually-happen-if-trump

Koch Brothers Bankroll Move to Rewrite the Constitution
https://billmoyers.com/story/kochs-to-rewrite-constitution/
America might see a new constitutional convention in a few years
https://www.economist.com/briefing/2017/09/30/america-might-see-a-new-constitutional-convention-in-a-few-years

Can Republicans Rewrite the Constitution?
https://www.jacobinmag.com/2018/11/gop-constitutional-convention-state-legislatures-balanced-budget-amendment
The Group That Wants to Hijack (and Rewrite) the Constitution Is Only Six States Away From Making It Happen
https://melmagazine.com/en-us/story/the-group-that-wants-to-hijack-and-rewrite-the-constitution-is-only-six-states-away-from-making-it-happen
Rewrite the Constitution? Here's how a convention could do it
https://www.cnn.com/2016/11/22/politics/constitutional-convention-explainer/index.html
The Hidden Threat to Our Constitution
https://www.acslaw.org/expertforum/the-hidden-threat-to-our-constitution/
Will Corporations, The Christian Right, and the Tea Party Get to Rewrite the Constitution?
https://www.politicalresearch.org/2017/10/16/will-corporations-the-christian-right-and-the-tea-party-get-to-rewrite-the-constitution
Convention of States Fires Up Base for Push to Rewrite U.S. Constitution
https://www.acslaw.org/expertforum/the-hidden-threat-to-our-constitution/
https://www.prwatch.org/news/2019/08/13492/convention-states-fires-base-push-rewrite-us-constitution
The Conservative Plan to Rewrite the Constitution, and Yes, It's a Thing
https://www.thedailybeast.com/the-conservative-plan-to-rewrite-the-constitution-and-yes-its-a-thing
A campaign to rewrite the Constitution is underway
https://thehill.com/opinion/judiciary/406581-a-campaign-to-rewrite-the-constitution-is-underway
Second Constitutional Convention of the United States
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Constitutional_Convention_of_the_United_States

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

Posts mentioning Koch Brothers/Empire/Funding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#74 The Supreme Court Is Limiting the Regulatory State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#118 The Death of Neoliberalism Has Been Greatly Exaggerated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#58 Rags-to-Riches Stories Are Actually Kind of Disturbing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#35 40 Years of the Reagan Revolution's Libertarian Experiment Have Brought Us Crisis & Chaos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#20 Koch Funding for Campuses Comes With Dangerous Strings Attached
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#43 Koch Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#98 The Koch Empire Goes All Out to Sink Joe Biden's Agenda -- and His Presidency, Too
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#40 Why do people hate universal health care? It turns out -- they don't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#77 Meet the "New Koch Brothers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#51 In Biden's recovery plan, an overdue rebuke of trickle-down economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#27 We must stop calling Trump's enablers 'conservative.' They are the radical right
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#20 Trickle Down Economics Started it All
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#14 Book on monopoly (IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#5 Book: Kochland : the secret history of Koch Industries and corporate power in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#3 Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#116 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#103 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#47 Day of Reckoning for KPMG-Failures in Ethics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#102 Can we learn from financial lessons of 90 years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#64 Mystery of the Underpaid American Worker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#77 Nassim Nicholas Taleb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#11 Hell is ... ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#91 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#84 The Warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#6 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#4 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#72 Public misperception about scientific agreement on global warming undermines climate policy support

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370
Date: 04 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
trivia: after 23jun1969 unbundling announcement, the branch office online (CP67/CMS) HONE system was 1st deployed in the US, then HONE clones started being deployed around the world. HONE then migrated from CP67/CMS to VM370/CMS. The science center also ported APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL and AIDS group developed a lot of sales&marketing support CMS\APL-based applications (later moved to VM370/CMS APL\CMS). HONE did a lot of work to hide as much CMS details as possible from the mostly computer illiterate IBMers in sales&marketing.

other trivia: after joining IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating system for internal datacenters and HONE was long-time customer (back to CP67 days) ... and they tasked me with deploying the first non-US HONE systems. It was heavily used by branch offices and DPD & WT hdqtrs people.

HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
23june1969 unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

some of my post about VM 50th anniversary, in part about its 360/67 virtual memory precursor CP67
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory

Some of the MIT/7094 CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
went to the 5th flr, project mac, and MULTICS.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics
... folklore is some of the Bell Multics people then did UNIX as simplified Multics

Others went to the 4th flr, IBM Cambridge Science Center
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS

Lot more from Melinda's history
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda#VMHist

Cambridge Science Center had wanted a 360/50 to add virtual memory to, but all the spare 360/50s were going to FAA ATF project. The Brawl in IBM 1964 (trivia: I didn't run into Fox until after leaving IBM and doing some work with his company)
https://www.amazon.com/Brawl-IBM-1964-Joseph-Fox/dp/1456525514

so they had to settle for 360/40 to modify with virtual memory (different kind of virtual memory architecture from 360/67) and did CP40/CMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt
when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available, CP40/CMS morphs into CP67/CMS.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360_Model_67
At the time, IBM had 1200 people working on TSS/360, compared to 12 people at CSC for CP67/CMS.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

When the decision was made to announce virtual memory for all 370s, some of the CP67 people spun off from the science center and took over the IBM Boston Programming Center on the 3rd flr for VM370 development group (morphing CP67 into VM370, although simplifying and/or dropping features). Trivia: a decade ago I was asked if I could track down the decision to have virtual memory for all 370s. Basically it was MVT's storage management was so bad, typical region sizes had to be four times larger than used, so a typical 1mbyte 370/165 would only have four concurrently executing regions, insufficient to keep the processor busy and/or the machine justified. Going to 16mbyte virtual memory (MVT->VS2/SVS, precusor to VS2/MVS; similar to running MVT in CP67 16mbyte virtual machine) would allow number of concurrently executing regions to be increased by four times with little or no paging. Old archive post with pieces of email exchange
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

Other (linkedin) posts in the 50th anniv:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4

Other CP67 trivia: before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was Seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before Seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M

before developing cp/m, kildall worked on cp/67-cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

Opel's obit ...
https://www.pcworld.com/article/243311/former_ibm_ceo_john_opel_dies.html

it was Opel who met with Bill Gates, CEO of the then-small software firm Microsoft, to discuss the possibility of using Microsoft PC-DOS OS for IBM's about-to-be-released PC. Opel set up the meeting at the request of Gates' mother, Mary Maxwell Gates. The two had both served on the National United Way's executive committee.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Wild Ducks

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Wild Ducks
Date: 06 Sept 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
IBM Chairman Learson trying to block the rise of the careerists and bureaucrats destroying the Watson legacy. There was accompanying word poster about bureaucracy destorying the individual. Then 1973 "how to stuff a wild duck" poster (aka how to eradicate wild ducks):

Management Briefing
Number 1-72: January 18,1972
ZZ04-1312

TO ALL IBM MANAGERS:

Once again, I'm writing you a Management Briefing on the subject of bureaucracy. Evidently the earlier ones haven't worked. So this time I'm taking a further step: I'm going directly to the individual employees in the company. You will be reading this poster and my comment on it in the forthcoming issue of THINK magazine. But I wanted each one of you to have an advance copy because rooting out bureaucracy rests principally with the way each of us runs his own shop.

We've got to make a dent in this problem. By the time the THINK piece comes out, I want the correction process already to have begun. And that job starts with you and with me.

Vin Learson


... snip ...

... then further destroying Watson culture mid-70s, from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993:

"and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive."


... snip ...

more FS info
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html
future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

... downward slide leading to early 90s and IBM has one of the largest losses in US history and reorganizing into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company, gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback machine.
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

... then board brings in new CEO who reverses the breakup. lots more detail, image, URLs in my recent post
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
and archived
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some recent downturn/downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#117 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#112 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#111 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#109 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#107 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#106 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#113 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#79 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#2 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#111 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#110 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#109 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#99 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#96 IBM downfall

some other wild duck posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#65 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#64 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#70 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#17 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#16 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#15 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#0 IBM "Wild Ducks"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#56 Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#96 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#30 IBM Centennial Film: Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#18 IT full of 'ducks'? Declare open season

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3880 DASD Controller

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3880 DASD Controller
Date: 06 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
story about disk engineering complaining that I had changed the system over the weekend and they hadn't done a thing!

One monday morning I get an irate call from bldg15, asking what I had done to the (3033) system over the weekend (response and throughput totally tanked). I said "nothing, what did bldg15 do" ... finally it came out that somebody had replaced our 3033 3830 with 3880 disk controller (and I had to diagnose 3880 issues).

... when I transferred to San Jose Research ... I got to wander around most IBM & customer datacenters in silicon valley ... including disk engineering (bldg14) and disk product test (bldg15) across the street. At the time they were running prescheduled, stand-alone mainframe testing ... and had mentioned that they had recently tried MVS (for testing) but it had 15min mean-time-between system failure (in that environment). I offered to rewrite the I/O supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail ... allowing any amount of on-demand concurrent testing (greatly improving productivity). downside was the engineers kneejerk response to any problems were my fault and I had to increasingly spend time playing disk engineer shooting their problems.

One issue was I had enormously cut the pathlength/elapsed time from interrupt to device redrive. Bldg15 would get early engineering processors from DSD/POK and SPD/Endicott for disk i/o testing ... including #3(#4?) 3033 ... however testing took only percent or two of processing; we found a spare 3830 disk controller and couple strings of 3330 drives, setting up our own online service (including running coax under the road from bldg15 to bldg28 to 3277 switch box on my desk).

The 3880 controller had special hardware path for 3mbyte/sec transfer but an extremely slow processor for everything else (much slower than 3830). To try and mask how slow, they would present end-of-operation early and assume they could finish up everything before operating system got around to trying to redrive with new operation. MVS was so slow, that early testing worked everytime ... however, I would blow it out of the water, every redrive operation was met with controller busy (CC=1 SM+BUSY), requeue the operation and then have to wait for CUE interrupt to try again (resulting in further 3880 slowdown & overhead, I've claimed that major motivation for 370/XA I/O changes were countermeasure to the enormous MVS pathlength from interrupt to device redrive). In any case, they have to do a lot more 3880 tweaks to try and mask the problems before shipping to customers.

I then do an internal-only IBM report about the work and happen to mention the MVS 15min mean-time-between system failure ... bringing the wrath of the MVS group down on my head ... including trying to have me separated from the company, when that didn't work, they tried to make things unpleasant in other ways (of course they weren't the only ones, folklore is 5of6 corporate executive committee wanted to fire me for online computer conferencing)

posts about getting to play disk engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
posts about online computer conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Note the later trout/3090 had designed the number of channels to meet target throughput goals (assuming 3880 was same as 3830 but with 3mbyte/sec data transfer) ... but they then found out how bad the 3880 channel busy overhead really was (things that any number of tweaks couldn't disguise) and realized that they had to enormously increase the number of channels (to offset the increase in 3880 channel busy) in order to meet throughput goals. The increase in number of channels required another TCM ... and 3090 were semi-facetiously claiming they would bill the 3880 group for the increase in 3090 manufacturing costs. Marketing respins the large increase in 3090 channels as marvelous I/O machine (as opposed to just trying to offset how slow the 3880 was).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Tech Editor

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Tech Editor
Date: 07 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
I've periodically pontificated about working with senior tech editor at San Jose plant site (starting back when research was in bldg28, before it moved up the hill) and IBM management wouldn't approve release of papers for trivial format/content reasons (in actuality, it was probably punishment because I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s). He accumulated quite a few of my papers and we would get together periodically to try and address the latest round of objections. Some number of years later, he was retiring and sent me copies of all of my papers accumulated in his files (that he was clearing out) with some note about never having encountered such actions by IBM management.

They had also hired a researcher to study how I communicated, sat in the back of my office taking notes on verbal communication (face-to-face, phone calls), got copies of all my incoming and outgoing email and logs of all my instant messages. Results were some IBM papers, conference talks and papers, books, and a Stanford PHD (joint between language and AI, winograd was advisor on computer side).

... publications only approved for publication when IBM classified ... at least IBM internal-only (even for stuff I did before joining IBM) ... one I wrote about redoing software for the disk engineering lab testing (bldgs14&15) ... and happen to mention that they had tried MVS ... but it had 15min mean-time-between failure (in that environment, requiring manual re-ipl) ... and brings down the wrath of the MVS group on my head ... including trying to get me separated from IBM company

online computer communication drift: ... lots of complaints about my posts and spelling; analysis by researcher, who had been ESL teacher in previous life, claimed that my use of English was characteristic of non-English speaker (needed lots of correction). note: "English" is my only language ... conjecture my cognitive processes are not in English. There were only about 300 active participants, but claims that possibly 25,000 were reading ... also that when corporate executive committee was told, 5of6 wanted to fire me (some conjecture that they didn't because 25,000 were watching ... although was just one more time that was told that I didn't have career, promotions or raises in IBM). Other related in this (linkedin) post
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"In Defense of ALGOL"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "In Defense of ALGOL"
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 07 Sep 2022 13:10:59 -1000
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:

Precisely because Pascal became very popular, and offered everything that Algol-60 did, with important additions, the alternative of sticking with Algol-60 instead, if one didn't like Algol-68, wasn't a common choice.

IBM Los Gatos VLSI lab was using Metaware's TWS for various projects ... some ref by Metaware's founders:
https://dl.acm.org/doi/pdf/10.1145/69622.357187

then the lab used it for ibm mainframe (370) pascal implementation that they used for developing VLSI tools ... eventually it becomes VS/Pascal and was used to implement original mainframe tcp/ip stack. I also used it for a number of other internal applications and projects.

The IBM communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base ... and were also trying to block release of mainframe tcp/ip ... when they lost that battle, they claimed that since the communication group had corporate responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls ... it had to be released through them. What shipped got 44kbytes/sec aggregate using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the "enhancements" to support RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at cray research between ibm 4341 and cray, got 1mbyte aggregate sustained using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

rfc 1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
posts about communication group fighting off client/server and distributed computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Along the way IBM Palo Alto was doing a port of USC BSD to IBM mainframe and needed a C compiler ... one of the LSG VLSI people responsible for VS/Pascal was working on C language frontend for the VS/Pascal backend .. but had recently left for Metaware ... and I got Palo Alto to get mainframe C compiler from Metaware. Palo Alto was then directed to shift and do the BSD port to IBM's PC/RT workstation ... and they got Metaware to do a 801/RISC (ROMP) backend for the C compiler.

a couple past (a.f.c.) posts mentioning metaware TWS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#62 Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#71 What terminology reflects the "first" computer language ?

801/risc, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Then in the IBM troubles in the 1st half of the 90s, IBM was transferring lots of VLSI tools to industry tool vendors (but they all had to be ported to SUN since that was the industry standard platform). I had already left IBM, but get an (IBM) contract to port 50,000 pascal statement VLSI physical layout app to SUN. In retrospect, it would have been simpler to have rewritten in C ... I'm not sure that SUN pascal had been used for anything other that entry computer classes. While SUN hdqtrs was just down the road and easy to drop into ... SUN had outsourced their pascal to an operation 12 time zones away ... and everything took at least overnight.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3880 DASD Controller

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3880 DASD Controller
Date: 07 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#4 3880 DASD Controller

trout was development name for 3090

IBM 3090
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_3090
3090 Processor Complex
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

other 3090 trivia: early in REX(X), I wanted to demo it wasn't just another pretty scripting language ... and said I was going to rewrite a large application program (IPCS dump/software analysis program), written in assembler, in REX(X) ... having ten times the function and ten times the performance (some slight of hand to make interpreted rexx run faster than assembler), taking half time over over 3months. Finished early, so started a library of automated scripts that looked for common failure signatures. For some reason it was never released to customers, even though is was in use by nearly every internal datacenter and customer support PSR. I eventually get permission to give talks on how I implemented it at customer user group meetings, and within a few months similar implementations started to appear.

Field engineering/support had diagnostic process that started with scoping to find failures. With 3081 TCMs, circuits were embedded and not longer access to scopes so "service processors" were created (that could be scoped) that could be used to diagnose TCMs with lots of built in probes. Move to 3090, the service processor was originally going to be 4331 running highly modified version of VM370/CMS with all the screens done in IOS3270. Before ship, it was upgraded to a pair of (redundant) 4361s (can be seen in the IBM history reference that 3092 required two 3370 FBA disks ... even for MVS installations which never had fixed-block disk support). old email with the 3092 group wanted to ship it:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

dumprx posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 4341

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 4341
Date: 07 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
4341 topic drift ... when I transferred to San Jose Research ... I got to wander around most IBM & customer datacenters in silicon valley ... including disk engineering (bldg14) and disk product test (bldg15) across the street. At the time they were running prescheduled, stand-alone mainframe testing. I offered to rewrite the I/O supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail ... allowing any amount of on-demand concurrent testing (greatly improving productivity). downside was the engineers kneejerk response to any problems were my fault and I had to increasingly spend time playing disk engineer shooting their problems.

Bldg15 would get early engineering processors from DSD/POK and SPD/Endicott for disk i/o testing ... including #3(#4?) 3033 ... however testing took only percent or two of processing; we found a spare 3830 disk controller and couple strings of 3330 drives, setting up our own online service (including running coax under the road from bldg15 to bldg28 to 3277 switch box on my desk).

Bldg15 also got engineering 4341 (with reduced processor speed) ... and before customer ship, in Jan1979 I get con'ed into doing benchmarks for national lab that was looking at getting 70 for computer farm (sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami), somebody leaked the benchmarks to the press and I got blamed (but I believed it was somebody from the branch) ... had also aggravated DSD/POK since (reduced speed engineering) 4341 benchmark was beating 3031 (and 4341 could be deployed in non-datacenter environments).

Then later in the spring, got email that some people from USAFDS in the Pentagon wanted to come out to talk about 20 4341s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404
and by they time they got around to coming out in the fall, it had increased to 210 4341s.

Note I originally joined IBM at cambridge science center; some of the MIT CTSS/7094 had gone to the 5th flr and multics, others went to the 4th flr and the science center ... so there was some rivalry between 4th & 5th flrs, AFDSC had been major MULTICS installation
https://www.multicians.org/site-afdsc.html

posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

posts mentioning USAFDS visit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#17 Mainframe I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#38 Early mainframe security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#92 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#50 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#53 Multics Timeline
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#57 Introducing the New z13s: Tim's Hardware Highlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#54 Mainframes open to internet attacks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#85 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#38 Quote on Slashdot.org
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#15 Should we, as an industry, STOP using the word Mainframe and find (and start using) something more up-to-date
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#11 EBCDIC and the P-Bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#84 Did Bill Gates Steal the Heart of DOS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#45 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#106 SPF in 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#35 TSSO - Hardcoded Offsets - Etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#73 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#33 SHAREWARE at Its Finest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#98 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#97 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#69 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#75 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#49 No Glory for the PDP-15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#18 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#23 moving on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#21 moving on

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3880 DASD Controller

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3880 DASD Controller
Date: 07 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#4 3880 DASD Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#7 3880 DASD Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#8 IBM 4341

r/w heads in the pack ... 3340. 3310 & 3370 were (FBA) "fixed-block" disks (slight drift: CKD dasd haven't been made for decades, all being simulated in industry standard fixed-block disks). In this thread I make reference to getting to play disk engineer and the 3033 in bldg15 we had setup for our own private online service.

one of the GPD people was doing air bearing simulation (for thin-film head design, originally used for 3370) on the SJR 370/195 ... but even with high priority was getting only a couple turn-arounds/month. We set him up for running on the bldg15 3033 (which had less than half the processing power of 370/195) but he was still able to get multiple turn arounds/day.

3340
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3340.html
3370
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3370.html
thin-film floating heads
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disk_read-and-write_head#Thin-film_heads

posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US state of Virginia has more datacenter capacity than Europe or China

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US state of Virginia has more datacenter capacity than Europe or China
Date: 08 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
US state of Virginia has more datacenter capacity than Europe or China. Welcome to Datacenter Alley, where you'll find the backbones of Microsoft, Facebook, Google, ByteDance...
https://www.theregister.com/2022/09/08/virginia_datacenter_alley_capacity/

The big three cloud providers - Amazon, Microsoft and Google - have the broadest hyperscale bit barn footprint, with each of these having over 130 datacenters of the 800 or so around the globe.

When measured in datacenter capacity, the leading companies are Amazon, Google, Microsoft, Facebook, Alibaba and Tencent, according to Synergy.


... snip ...

megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360 Powerup

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360 Powerup
Date: 08 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
360 powerup trivia; I had taken two credit hr intro fortran/computers, at end of semester got student job reimplementing 1401 MPIO for 360/30 (univ. had 709/1401 with 1401 unit record front-end for 709 tape->tape and had been sold 360/67 for tss/360 ... and temporary got 360/30 replacing 1401, pending availability of 360/67, even tho 360/30 had 1401 emulation mode ... I guess my job was just part of getting 360 experience). I was given assembler, 360 POO and hardware manuals and got to design and implement my own monitor, interrupt handlers, device drivers, error recovery, storage management, etc. (with a few weeks had 2000 card assembler program). Univ shuts down datacenter over the weekend and I have it all to myself for weekends, although 48hrs w/o sleep makes Monday classes difficult.

Periodically when I would come in Sat. morning, 3rd shift had finished early and everything was dark so I had to powerup the 360/30 (later the 360/67, within year of taking intro class, had been hired fulltime responsible for os360, tss/360 never came to production fruition so ran it as 360/65 w/os360) and the machine wouldn't come up. With some trial and error, learned to place the controllers in CE-mode, power on the 360, power on each controller, then take each controller out of CE-mode. I also learned the 1st thing I needed to do coming in on the weekend, was clean the tape drives and printer, disassemble 2540 reader/punch, clean it, re-assemble.

before I graduate, I was hired into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, even offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world (couple hundred million in IBM gear), 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around machine room. Lots of politics between renton datacenter manager and CFO who only had 360/30 up at boeing field for payroll (although they enlarged that machine room for a 360/67 for me to play with ... when I wasn't doing other stuff).

While I was at Boeing, IBM had the 23Jun1969 unbundling announcement (after some legal actions) and started to charge for SE services, (application) software (managed to make the case that operating system/kernel software would still be "free"), maintenance, etc.

IBM 23jun1969 unbundling announcement posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

some recent posts mentioning (1401) MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#8 CICS 53 Years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#45 IBM Chairman John Opel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#31 Technology Flashback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#0 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#110 Window Display Ground Floor Datacenters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#95 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#87 Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#78 US Takes Supercomputer Top Spot With First True Exascale Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#69 Mainframe History: How Mainframe Computers Evolved Over the Years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#57 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#45 MGLRU Revved Once More For Promising Linux Performance Improvements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#19 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#10 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#8 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#35 Dataprocessing Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#126 On the origin of the /text section/ for code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#72 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#48 Mainframe Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#35 Error Handling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#26 Is this group only about older computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#12 Programming Skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#1 LLMPS, MPIO, DEBE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#1 PCP, MFT, MVT OS/360, VS1, & VS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#64 addressing and protection, was Paper about ISO C
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#63 IBM 360s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#61 Virtual Machine Debugging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#79 Where Would We Be Without the Paper Punch Card?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#43 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#20 1401 MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#19 1401 MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#47 Recode 1401 MPIO for 360/30
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#44 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#43 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#38 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#27 Learning EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#81 Keypunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Destiny of Civilization: Michael Hudson on Finance Capitalism

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Destiny of Civilization: Michael Hudson on Finance Capitalism
Date: 09 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
The Destiny of Civilization: Michael Hudson on Finance Capitalism, the Economic Consequences of Ukraine and the End of Globalization
https://www.counterpunch.org/2022/08/09/michael-hudson-on-finance-capitalism-the-economic-consequences-of-ukraine-and-the-end-of-globalization/
American Diplomacy as a Tragic Drama
https://www.counterpunch.org/2022/07/29/american-diplomacy-as-a-tragic-drama/

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

posts mentioning economic hit-man
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#76 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#65 Gangsters of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#76 Washington Doubles Down on Hyper-Hypocrisy After Accusing China of Using Debt to "Trap" Latin American Countries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#41 Wall Street's Plot to Seize the White House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#88 How the Ukraine War - and COVID-19 - is Affecting Inflation and Supply Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#104 Why Nixon's Prediction About Putin and Ukraine Matters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#71 MI6 boss warns of China 'debt traps and data traps'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#21 Obama's Failure to Adequately Respond to the 2008 Crisis Still Haunts American Politics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#97 The End of World Bank's "Doing Business Report": A Landmark Victory for People & Planet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#65 Matt Stoller: #OccupyWallStreet Is a Church of Dissent, Not a Protest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#33 Afghanistan's Corruption Was Made in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#29 More than a Decade After the Volcker Rule Purported to Outlaw It, JPMorgan Chase Still Owns a Hedge Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#34 Obama Was Always in Wall Street's Corner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#26 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#97 How capitalism is reshaping cities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#71 Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Nazification of American Education

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Nazification of American Education
Date: 09 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
The Nazification of American Education
https://www.counterpunch.org/2022/07/22/the-nazification-of-american-education/

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
racism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

Industrial Age education, from late 1800s, early 1900s (time & motion studies, etc), teaching memorization, not thinking, strict conformity, stamping out factory workers for the capitalists and robber barons
https://www.azquotes.com/quote/1212588
The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://qz.com/1314814/universal-education-was-first-promoted-by-industrialists-who-wanted-docile-factory-workers/

Bullying has been standard technique in US education as part of enforcing conformity ... former coworker at IBM cambridge science center and IBM san jose research;
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
"It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
... permeates nearly all levels of US education system ... even extending to military academies ... reference to study of German and US military academies the first half of 1900s ... including reference to George Marshall (WW2 chief of staff) was so badly injured in a bullying/hazing incident that he almost had to drop out
https://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/

lots tracing to "industrial age education" ... Industrial Age Education Is a Disservice to Students
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/industrial-age-education-_b_2974297
AETC Focused on Breaking Away From Industrial-Age Thinking
https://www.airforcemag.com/AETC-Focused-on-Breaking-Away-From-Industrial-Age-Thinking/
How to Break Free of Our 19th-Century Factory-Model Education System. A technology and education entrepreneur gazes into the future of the classroom
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/05/how-to-break-free-of-our-19th-century-factory-model-education-system/256881/
Why Our Industrial-Age Schools Are Failing Our Information-Age Kids
https://www.qualitydigest.com/inside/quality-insider-column/why-our-industrial-age-schools-are-failing-our-information-age-kids
The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation. There are two types of games. One kills creativity and the other is for kids...
https://www.inc.com/stephen-shapiro/why-your-business-needs-more-kid-games-fewer-adult-games.html
Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business
US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html
IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity
https://theconversation.com/iq-tests-cant-measure-it-but-cognitive-flexibility-is-key-to-learning-and-creativity-163284
Lessons in learning
https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2019/09/study-shows-that-students-learn-more-when-taking-part-in-classrooms-that-employ-active-learning-strategies/
We Have a Creativity Problem. Outwardly, we praise innovation. Inwardly, we harbor a visceral aversion to it, studies have found.
https://www.nytimes.com/2022/04/16/science/creativity-implicit-bias.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

It Didn't Start with Trump: The Decades-Long Saga of How the GOP Went Crazy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: It Didn't Start with Trump: The Decades-Long Saga of How the GOP Went Crazy.
Date: 09 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
It Didn't Start with Trump: The Decades-Long Saga of How the GOP Went Crazy. The modern Republican Party has always exploited and encouraged extremism.
https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2022/09/it-didnt-start-with-trump-the-decades-long-saga-of-how-the-gop-went-crazy/

In my book American Psychosis: A Historical Investigation of How the Republican Party Went Crazy, I lay out this sordid history in great detail. But even a highlight reel makes it clear that the GOP has bowed to, depended on, and promoted far-right extremists and conspiracists for the past 70 years. Trumpism is the continuation, not a new version, of Republican politics.

... and:

In 1968, Nixon had a problem, actually two: George Wallace and Ronald Reagan. Having lost the 1960 presidential race, Nixon was again trying to capture the White House. Nixon worried that Wallace, the segregationist and former Democratic governor of Alabama running as a third-party candidate, would be a magnet for conservative voters and deny him the electoral votes Goldwater had won in the South. Even more immediately, Nixon feared that Reagan, the onetime B-movie star who had won the California governorship in 1966 by exploiting white backlash to the civil rights movement and social unrest, might swipe the nomination from him.

... snip ...

... Retiring GOP operative Mac Stipanovich says Trump 'sensed the rot' in Republican party and took control of it
https://www.orlandosentinel.com/politics/os-ne-mac-stipanovich-republican-20191224-tz7bjps56jazbcwb3ficlnacqa-story.html

As for the party, Trump hasn't transformed the party, in my judgment, as much as he has unmasked it. There was always a minority in the Republican party -- 25, 30 percent -- that, how shall we say this, that hailed extreme views, aberrant views. They've always been there, from the John Birchers in the '50s, who thought Dwight Eisenhower was a communist, to the Trump folks today who think John McCain's a traitor. They had different names -- the religious right, tea partiers -- but they've always been there. They were a fairly consistent, fairly manageable minority who we, the establishment, enabled and exploited.

... snip ...

some past posts mentiong GOP "rot"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#114 The New New Right Was Forged in Greed and White Backlash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#106 The Cult of Trump is actually comprised of MANY other Christian cults
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#65 Apple, Amazon and Google slam 'discriminatory' voting restriction laws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#94 How Ike Led
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#79 Racism's Loud Echoes in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#30 Trump and Republican Party Racism

racism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism

Onward, Christian fascists. Trump's legacy will be the empowerment of Christian totalitarians
https://www.salon.com/2020/01/03/onward-christian-fascists_partner/

Trump has filled his own ideological void with Christian fascism. He has elevated members of the Christian right to prominent positions, including Mike Pence to the vice presidency, Mike Pompeo to secretary of state, Betsy DeVos to secretary of education, Ben Carson to secretary of housing and urban development, William Barr to attorney general, Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court and the televangelist Paula White to his Faith and Opportunities Initiative. More importantly, Trump has handed the Christian right veto and appointment power over key positions in government, especially in the federal courts. He has installed 133 district court judges out of 677 total, 50 appeals court judges out of 179 total, and two U.S. Supreme Court justices out of nine. Almost all of these judges were, in effect, selected by the Federalist Society and the Christian right.

... snip ...

What Will It Take to Stymie Right-Wing Supervillain Leonard Leo? With the help of $1.6 billion, the man who helped engineer the conservative takeover of the courts is about to wreak serious havoc.
https://www.thenation.com/article/politics/dark-money-windfall/
An ex-professor spreads election myths across the U.S., one town at a time. David Clements is traveling the country trying to convince local leaders to withhold certification of election results. If he succeeds, it could cause chaos.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/elections/2022/09/08/an-ex-professor-spreads-election-myths-across-us-one-town-time/
What slavery and racism have to do with American gun ownership. New research exposes the role race plays in America's unusual relationship with guns.
https://publicintegrity.org/inside-publici/newsletters/watchdog-newsletter/slavery-racism-have-to-do-with-american-gun-ownership/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pro-Monarch

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pro-Monarch
Date: 10 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
... pro-monarch (above the law) and "fake news" dates back to at least founding of the country, both Jefferson and Burr biographies, Hamilton and Federalists are portrayed as masters of "fake news". Also portrayed that Hamilton believed himself to be an honorable man, but also that in political and other conflicts, he apparently believed that the ends justified the means. Jefferson constantly battling for separation of church & state and individual freedom, Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power,
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/
loc6457-59:

For Federalists, Jefferson was a dangerous infidel. The Gazette of the United States told voters to choose GOD AND A RELIGIOUS PRESIDENT or impiously declare for "JEFFERSON-AND NO GOD."

.... Jefferson targeted as the prime mover behind the separation of church and state. Also Hamilton/Federalists wanting supreme monarch (above the law) loc5584-88:

The battles seemed endless, victory elusive. James Monroe fed Jefferson's worries, saying he was concerned that America was being "torn to pieces as we are, by a malignant monarchy faction." 34 A rumor reached Jefferson that Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists Rufus King and William Smith "had secured an asylum to themselves in England" should the Jefferson faction prevail in the government.

... snip ...

My wife's father was presented with a set of 1880 history books for some distinction at West Point by the Daughters Of the 17th Century
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org/

they refer to if it hadn't been for the influence of the Scottish settlers from the mid-atlantic states, the northern/english states would have prevailed and the US would look much more like England with monarch and strict class hierarchy.

His Scottish ancestors came over after their clan was "broken". Blackadder WW1 episode had "what does English do when they see a man in a skirt?, they run him through and nick his land". Other history was the Scotts were so displaced that about the only thing left for men, was the military.

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

posts mentioning Federalist (then and/or now)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#14 It Didn't Start with Trump: The Decades-Long Saga of How the GOP Went Crazy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#9 Alito's Plan to Repeal Roe--and Other 20th Century Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#4 Alito's Plan to Repeal Roe--and Other 20th Century Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#118 The Death of Neoliberalism Has Been Greatly Exaggerated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#107 The Cult of Trump is actually comprised of MANY other Christian cults
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#106 The Cult of Trump is actually comprised of MANY other Christian cults
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#72 In U.S., Far More Support Than Oppose Separation of Church and State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#59 The Uproar Ovear the "Ultimate American Bible"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#98 No, the Vikings Did Not Discover America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#6 Onward, Christian fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#161 Fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#150 How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#127 The Barr Presidency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#10 The 16919 Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#43 Actually, the Electoral College Was a Pro-Slavery Ploy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#31 The U.S. was not founded as a Christian nation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#40 Equality: The Impossible Quest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#4 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#83 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#38 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#37 Qbasic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Early Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Early Internet
Date: 10 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
Both CSNET and BITNET were larger than arpanet/internet for a time. NSF sponsored CSNET:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSNET

Co-worker at the science center was resonsible for the technology used for the internal network (also larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) ... and the technology was also used for the corporate sponsored univ. bitnet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

later BITNET and CSNET merge to form CREN
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporation_for_Research_and_Educational_Networking

We both transfer out to SJR, which gets gateway to CSNET:

Date: 10/22/82 14:25:57
To: CSNET mailing list
Subject: CSNET PhoneNet connection functional

The IBM San Jose Research Lab is the first IBM site to be registered on CSNET (node-id is IBM-SJ), and our link to the PhoneNet relay at University of Delaware has just become operational! For initial testing of the link, I would like to have traffic from people who normally use the ARPANET, and who would be understanding about delays, etc. If you are such a person, please send me your userid (and nodeid if not on SJRLVM1), and I'll send instructions on how to use the connection. People outside the department or without prior usage of of ARPANET may also register at this time if there is a pressing need, such as being on a conference program committee, etc.

CSNET (Computer Science NETwork) is funded by NSF, and is an attempt to connect all computer science research institutions in the U.S. It does not have a physical network of its own, but rather is a set of common protocols used on top of the ARPANET (Department of Defense), TeleNet (GTE), and PhoneNet (the regular phone system). The lowest-cost entry is through PhoneNet, which only requires the addition of a modem to an existing computer system. PhoneNet offers only message transfer (off-line, queued, files). TeleNet and ARPANET in allow higher-speed connections and on-line network capabilities such as remote file lookup and transfer on-line, and remote login.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

some past archived posts with copy of above:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#email821022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#email821022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#email821022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#email821022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#email821022

this archived post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#54
also has other CSNET email (regarding ARPANET transition)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#email821230
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#email830202

Early 80s, I had HSDT project (T1 and faster computer links, both satellite and terrestrial) and was working with NSF Director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF Supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Preliminary announcement (Mar1986)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

... snip ...

IBM internal politics not allowing us to bid (blamed for online computer conferencing inside IBM, likely contributed). The NSF director tried to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other gov. agencies) ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did claims that what we already had operational was at least 5yrs ahead of the winning bid), as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

other trivia: Tymshare
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
has Tymnet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymnet

Tymnet was an international data communications network headquartered in Cupertino, California[citation needed] that used virtual call packet-switched technology and X.25, SNA/SDLC, BSC and Async interfaces to connect host computers (servers) at thousands of large companies, educational institutions, and government agencies. Users typically connected via dial-up connections or dedicated asynchronous connections.

... snip ...

... they also had large number of terminal dial-up POPs and made their VM370/CMS-based online computer conferencing system available "free" to the (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE
https://www.share.org/
as VMSHARE in Aug1976, archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
(I cut a deal with Tymshare to get a monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE files for putting up on internal systems and network, biggest problem was IBM lawyers afraid that internal employees would be contaminated by customer information).

Online Before the Internet: Early Pioneers Tell Their Stories Part 1: In the Beginning (gone 404, lives on at wayback machine):
https://web.archive.org/web/20120907090605/http://www.dialog.com/about/history/pioneers1.pdf
Online Before the Internet: Early Pioneers Tell Their Stories Part 2: Growth of the Online Industry
https://web.archive.org/web/20120911120037/http://www.dialog.com/about/history/pioneers2.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Early Internet

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Early Internet
Date: 10 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#16 Early Internet

Starting early 80s, I had HSDT project (T1 and faster computer links, both satellite and terrestrial). All internal corporate links had link encryptors ... but since the standard IBM link product top'ed out at 56kbits, it wasn't too bad (circa 1985, the major link encryptor vendor says that the internal network had more than half of all link encryptors in the world). There was frequent battles with gov. over encryption, especially bad when the transmission crossed national boundaries. At the 1jan1983 arpanet conversion to internetworking protocol, it had approx. 100 IMPs and 255 hosts ... when the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes ... old archive post with list of world-wide corporate locations that added one or more network nodes during 1983:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

1000th node globe

I hated what I had to pay for T1 link encryptors and faster link encryptors were really hard to find. I eventually got involved in encryption board that cost less than $100 to build and could handle at least 3mbytes/sec (i.e. mbytes not mbits). The corporate crypto office initially said that it significantly compromised the encryption standard and couldn't be used. It took me 3 months to figure out how to explain to them that instead of significantly weaker than the encryption standard, it was significantly stronger. Then I was told that only one organization in the world could use such crypto, I could make as many as I wanted to, but they all had to be sent to them ... and I realize that there are 3 kinds of crypto in the world: 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind you can only do for them.

trivia: I did study early 80s of software DES ... ran about 1.5mbits/sec on 3081K processor (fastest IBM mainframe at the time) ... both processors would have to be dedicated to handle single full-duplex T1 link, one for encrypting out-going and one for decrypting in-coming.

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

a few recent posts mentioning realizing 3 kinds crypto
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#73 WAIS. Z39.50
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#29 Network Congestion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#109 Attackers exploit fundamental flaw in the web's security to steal $2 million in cryptocurrency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#125 TCP/IP and Mid-range market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#57 Computer Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#75 WEB Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#58 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#70 IBM/BMI/MIB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#8 IBM Travel

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Early Internet

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Early Internet
Date: 10 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#16 Early Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#17 Early Internet

trivia, there was usenet afc discussion of this article when it appeared in 2016

How the internet was invented. In 40 years, the internet has morphed from a military communication network into a vast global cyberspace. And it all started in a California beer garden
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jul/15/how-the-internet-was-invented-1976-arpa-kahn-cerf During the course of its long existence, Rossotti's has been a frontier saloon, a gold rush gambling den, and a Hells Angels hangout. These days it is called the Alpine Inn Beer Garden, and the clientele remains as motley as ever. On the patio out back, there are cyclists in spandex and bikers in leather. There is a wild-haired man who might be a professor or a lunatic or a CEO, scribbling into a notebook. In the parking lot is a Harley, a Maserati, and a horse.

... snip ...

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#32 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#33 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#34 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#35 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#36 How the internet was invented

Note, SLAC sponsored the monthly BAYBUNCH user group meetings in the 70s and 80s ... and afterwards we would adjourn to the Oasis or sometimes Dutch Goose,

co-worker at CSC and then we transfer to SJR in 77
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3

Old SJMN article about Edson (he passed aug2020) and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
also wayback machine, some additional references from Ed's website
http://web.archive.org/web/20000115185349/http://www.edh.net/bungle.htm
Wiki entry (invented design for internet)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

In June 1975, MIT Professor Jerry Saltzer accompanied Hendricks to DARPA, where Hendricks described his innovations to the principal scientist, Dr. Vinton Cerf. Later that year in September 15-19 of 75, Cerf and Hendricks were the only two delegates from the United States, to attend a workshop on Data Communications at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg Austria where again, Hendricks spoke publicly about his innovative design which paved the way to the Internet as we know it today.

... snip ...

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

no, Socialism and Fascism Are Not the Same

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: no, Socialism and Fascism Are Not the Same
Date: 11 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
no, Socialism and Fascism Are Not the Same
https://www.arcdigital.media/p/no-socialism-and-fascism-are-not

Capitalism and social democracy ... have pros & cons and can be used for checks & balances ... example, On War
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8/
loc394-95:

As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the State.

... snip ...

i.e. the government needed general population standard of living sufficient that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the capitalists in raising the general population standard of living. Saw this fight out in the 30s, American Fascists opposing all of FDR's "new deals" The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004

The truth, then, is that Long and Coughlin, together with the influential Communist Party and other leftist organizations, helped save the New Deal from becoming genuinely fascist, from devolving into the dictatorial rule of big business. The pressures towards fascism remained, as reactionary sectors of business began to have significant victories against the Second New Deal starting in the late 1930s. But the genuine power that organized labor had achieved by then kept the U.S. from sliding into all-out fascism (in the Marxist sense) in the following decades.

... snip ...

aka "Coming of America Fascism" shows socialists countered the "New Deal" becoming fascist ... which had been the objective of the capitalists ... and possibly contributed to forcing them further into the Nazi/fascist camp. When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
https://www.npr.org/2012/02/12/145472726/when-the-bankers-plotted-to-overthrow-fdr
The Plots Against the President: FDR, A Nation in Crisis, and the Rise of the American Right
https://www.amazon.com/Plots-Against-President-Nation-American-ebook/dp/B07N4BLR77/

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:

One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.

... snip ...

Later somewhat replay of the 1940 celebration, conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US at the Waldorf-Astoria, except in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis/fascism, so attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

Corporatism is an American, Bipartisan Scourge. Matt Stoller's Goliath recalls when workers' rights became 'consumer advocacy,' and we all lost the language of anti-monopoly.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/corporatism-is-an-american-bipartisan-scourge/

Stoller also delves into the secret production compacts between American and Nazi producers delivering a timeless lesson that corporate giants will nearly always pursue profit above morality in their dealings with authoritarian regimes.

... snip ...

Goliath: The 100-Year War Between Monopoly Power and Democracy
https://www.amazon.com/Goliath-Monopolies-Secretly-Took-World-ebook/dp/B07GNSSTGJ/

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards

... snip ...

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/

Gangsters of Capitalism
https://www.amazon.com/Gangsters-Capitalism-Smedley-Breaking-Americas-ebook/dp/B092T8KT1N/

Smedley Butler was the most celebrated warfighter of his time. Bestselling books were written about him. Hollywood adored him. Wherever the flag went, "The Fighting Quaker" went--serving in nearly every major overseas conflict from the Spanish War of 1898 until the eve of World War II. From his first days as a 16-year-old recruit at the newly seized Guantanamo Bay, he blazed a path for empire: helping annex the Philippines and the land for the Panama Canal, leading troops in China (twice), and helping invade and occupy Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Haiti, Mexico, and more. Yet in retirement, Butler turned into a warrior against war, imperialism, and big business, declaring: "I was a racketeer for capitalism."

... snip ...

Smedley Butler
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
Business Plot
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot
War Is a Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
War profiteering
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_profiteering

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
racism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

9/11

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 9/11
Date: 12 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
from a FACEBOOK post:

I spent the majority of my adult life fighting in wars after 9/11.

Observations:

1. Al Qaeda attacked us on 9/11. 15 of the 19 bombers were Saudi Nationals. They were Sunni Wahabis. Their natural enemies are Shias (IRAN). Iran offered us assistance, and we turned it down, instead choosing to fight BOTH factions.

2. We fought wars against two entities that did not invade us on 9/11: Taliban and Iraq. We lost both of these wars. Yes, you can argue that we won, and I won't argue back. But we lost.

3. Our own elected leaders and government lied to us about the above two points, killing over 6000 American Patriots in the process and over 100,000 civilians in Iraq alone. I am not googling the numbers for Afghanistan, Syria, Libya, Yemen, etc.

4. I lost 25 friends, co-workers, subordinates, and one boss during this war based on lies.

Lessons learned:

1. War is a profitable business and leaders will LIE without a second thought to start, or continue one.

2. Do NOT trust the Media when they uniformly support the starting or the continuation of a War, especially in a part of the world that most of us cannot locate on a map, or pronounce correctly.

3. Even in the best of wars, innocent people die. Women, children, and the elderly are unduly affected. Wars are not cool, and supporting a war you do not fully understand, or have no intention of personally participating in, is simply EVIL.

4. If you feel strongly about why we need to fight a war, go sign up and fight it yourself.


... snip ....

recent related (Linkedin) post: Price Wars (Part II Wars)
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/price-wars-part-ii-lynn-wheeler/
... part 1, US economics
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/price-wars-lynn-wheeler/
... other related John Boyd
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
"team b" posts (Bush selected to replace Colby)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

some forever war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#19 no, Socialism and Fascism Are Not the Same
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#107 Price Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#38 Wall Street's Plot to Seize the White House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#43 Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#15 Russia's most advanced tank in service was obliterated by Ukraine just days after it was deployed, according to reports
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#115 The New New Right Was Forged in Greed and White Backlash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#105 The Bunker: Pentagon Hardware Hijinks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#88 How the Ukraine War - and COVID-19 - is Affecting Inflation and Supply Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#6 We Have New Evidence of Saudi Involvement in 9/11, and Barely Anyone Cares
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#119 Are Prices "Engines of Chaos"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#113 The United States Of America: Victims Of Its Own Disinformation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#106 Active Defense: 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#104 Why Nixon's Prediction About Putin and Ukraine Matters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#97 9/11 and the Road to War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#9 Capitol rioters' tears, remorse don't spare them from jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#95 Finland picks F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#94 Finland picks F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#93 F20/Tigershark & Directed Appropriations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#78 'Flying Blind' Review: Downward Trajectory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#33 How Delaware Became the World's Biggest Offshore Haven
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#21 Obama's Failure to Adequately Respond to the 2008 Crisis Still Haunts American Politics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#112 Who Knew ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#91 Afghanistan Proved Eisenhower Correct
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#90 Afghanistan Proved Eisenhower Correct
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#80 "The Spoils of War": How Profits Rather Than Empire Define Success for the Pentagon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#73 "The Spoils of War": How Profits Rather Than Empire Define Success for the Pentagon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#57 After 9/11, the U.S. Got Almost Everything Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#15 Afghan Women - The Emerging Narrative and Why it is Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#90 Empire of chickenhawks: Why America's chaotic departure from Afghanistan was actually perfect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#56 "We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#54 The Kill Chain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#53 The Kill Chain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#52 By Letting Saudi Arabia Off the Hook Over 9/11, the US Encouraged Violent Jihadism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#51 Up to Half of the $14 Trillion Spent by Pentagon Since 9/11 Has Gone to War Profiteers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#50 FBI releases first secret 9/11 file
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#49 The Counterinsurgency Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#46 FBI releases first secret 9/11 file
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#40 The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#38 The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#37 9/11 and the Saudi Connection. Mounting evidence supports allegations that Saudi Arabia helped fund the 9/11 attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#34 Top defense firms spend $1B on lobbying during Afghan war, see $2T return
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#33 Afghanistan's Corruption Was Made in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#26 Blowback. The Forever Wars Are Coming Home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#19 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#18 A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#11 Corporate boards, consulting, speaking fees: How U.S. generals thrived after Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#5 Top defense firms spend $1B on lobbying during Afghan war, see $2T return
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#4 The Afghanistan War and Bernie Madoff's Ponzi Scheme Worked the Same Way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#3 Biden orders review and potential release of classified documents related to September 11 attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#106 Afghan Crisis Must End America's Empire of War, Corruption and Poverty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#102 An AI can simulate an economy millions of times to create fairer tax policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#96 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#73 A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#62 An Un-American Way of War: Why the United States Fails at Irregular Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#59 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#56 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#43 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#38 $10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#11 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#2 The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#99 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#87 The Bunker: Follow All of the Money. F-35 Math 1.0 Another portent of problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#67 Does America Like Losing Wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#50 Who Authorized America's Wars? And Why They Never End
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#22 What America Didn't Understand About Its Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#8 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#7 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#78 The Long-Forgotten Flight That Sent Boeing Off Course
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#66 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#64 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#21 A People's Guide to the War Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#53 The Bush Team's Desperate Hunt for an Iraq Link to 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#40 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#10 George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#89 What the Iraq Invasion Revealed About How America Works
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#82 The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#67 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#21 History Has Never Deterred the U.S. Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#0 THE PENTAGON'S FLYING FIASCO. Don't look now, but the F-35 is afterburnered toast
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#35 Rewarding Failure. Why Pentagon Weapons Programs Rarely Get Canceled Despite Major Problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#27 US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#26 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#21 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#20 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#101 Three Wars, No Victory - Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#92 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Wildfire of disinformation': how Chevron exploits a news desert

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 'Wildfire of disinformation': how Chevron exploits a news desert
Date: 12 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
'Wildfire of disinformation': how Chevron exploits a news desert
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2022/sep/12/chevron-newspaper-local-news-permian-proud-site

The audacious PR plot that seeded doubt about climate change
https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-62225696

Drawing on thousands of newly discovered documents, this three-part film charts how the oil industry mounted a campaign to sow doubt about the science of climate change, the consequences of which we are living through today.

... snip ...

merchants of doubt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

"Merchants of Doubt" ... some of the same "white coats" hired by the tobacco industry were also for sale to "big oil"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt
Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
https://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3081 TCMs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3081 TCMs
Date: 12 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
3081 TCMs
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/vintage/vintage_4506VV2137.html

during FS (which was going to completely replace 370), 370 projects were being shutdown (lack of new 370s, credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold, and stressing IBM sales/marketing for enormous amounts of FUD). When FS imploded, there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts in parallel.

more info
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

The 370 emulator minus the FS microcode was eventually sold in 1980 as as the IBM 3081. The ratio of the amount of circuitry in the 3081 to its performance was significantly worse than other IBM systems of the time; its price/performance ratio wasn't quite so bad because IBM had to cut the price to be competitive. The major competition at the time was from Amdahl Systems -- a company founded by Gene Amdahl, who left IBM shortly before the FS project began, when his plans for the Advanced Computer System (ACS) were killed. The Amdahl machine was indeed superior to the 3081 in price/performance and spectaculary superior in terms of performance compared to the amount of circuitry.

.. snip ...

... claim the motivation for TCMs was the requirement to package the enormous 3081 circuitry in reasonable physical space.

Single processor Amdahl MIPS was similar to aggregate of two processor 3081K and throughput much better (no MP software overhead) and two processor Amdahl was much better throughput than four processor 3084

disclaimer: I continued 370 work all during FS .... including periodically ridiculing what they were doing (which wasn't exactly career enhancing activity).

Reference to canceling ACS/360 (executives afraid that it would advance state-of-the-art too fast and IBM might loose control of the market)
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
SMP, multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

some past posts mentioning TCMs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#7 3880 DASD Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#4 3880 DASD Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#100 Mainframe Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#49 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#109 TCMs & IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#108 TCMs & IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#107 TCMs & IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#106 TCMs & IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#66 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#5 4361/3092
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#77 Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#15 Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#98 Virtual Machine SIE instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#20 Service Processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#13 Mainframe I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#122 Mainframe "Peak I/O" benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#105 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#92 IBM 3278
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#66 Virtual Machine Debugging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#30 What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#23 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#2 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#66 ACP/TPF 3083
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#58 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#60 San Jose bldg 50 and 3380 manufacturing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#52 Amdahl Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#42 If Memory Had Been Cheaper

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM APL

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM APL
Date: 13 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
Some cambridge science center history (post over in linkedin)
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/

and archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory

Iincluding CSC doing CP67 (precursor to VM370) and porting APL\360 to CP67/CMS as CMS\APL. APL Storage management was redone for

Then with some legal action, there was IBM 23Jun1969 unbundling announcement, starting to charge for SE services, maintenance, (application) software (managed to make case kernel software was still free), etc. Part of SE training was sort of apprentice program, part of large group at customer site, however with unbundling, they couldn't figure out how *NOT* to charge for trainee SEs.

unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling

Thus was born HONE ("hands-on network environment"), Branch office online connections to CP67 datacenters for SEs practicing running guest operating systems in virtual machines.

Science center work for CMS\APL also included redoing storage management for large paged virtual memory workspace sizes (instead of just swapped 16kbyte workspaces) and API for system services (like file i/o) for real world applications. HONE then started offering CMS\APL-based sales&marketing support applications which came to dominate all processing (and SEs practicing with guest operating systems just withered away).

Armonk business planners also loaded the highest security data (detailed customer info) on the cambridge system (we had to demonstrate very strong security since profs, staffs, students from boston area schools were also using the system) and used it to implement CMS/APL business applications

Did get into some trouble since the APL-purists didn't like the semantics with CMS\APL system services API ... and eventually came up with "shared variable" paradigm for APL\SV.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE and/or APL posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

trivia: after graduating and joining the science center, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was early and long-time customer. I had taken two credit hr intro to fortran/computers at the univ. At the end of the semester, I'm hired as student programmer ... the univ. shutdown the datacenter from 8am sat until monday morning and I would have the placed dedicated to myself, although 48hrs w/o sleep made classes a little hard. Then within a year of intro class, univ. hires me fulltime responsible for os/360 (360/67 running as 360/65) and I continue to have my 48hr weekend dedicated time.

Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I think Renton datacenter is possibly largest in the world (couple hundred million in dataprocessing, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly being staged in the hallways around the datacenter). Then when I graduate, I join the science center (instead of staying at Boeing).

One of the discoveries at the science was 2250-4 (1130 in place of 360 channel controller) and somebody had ported the PDP-1 starwars game to the 1130.
https://www.computerhistory.org/pdp-1/spacewar/

The Palo Alto Science Center then does the morph to APL\CMS for VM370/CMS and the APL-assist microcode for the 370/145 (running APL apps with throughput of 370/168) ... also the prototype for 5100
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5100

various recent archived posts referencing the recent linkedin posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#85 IBM CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#73 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#69 360/67 & DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#46 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
Date: 14 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

... from linkedin post
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
... and Price Wars, Part II, WARS
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/price-wars-part-ii-lynn-wheeler/

archived post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#106 Price Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#107 Price Wars

re: The Deep State ... demanding loyalty ("first", US administration behind formation of ISIS)
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg191/loc3057-58:

In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second,

pg191/loc3060-62:

Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.

... snip ...

... including kicking/dumping hundreds of thousands of former soldiers out on the streets creating ISIS ... and bypassing the ammo dumps (looking for fictitious/fabricated WMDs) gave them over a million metric tons (for IEDs) ... i.e. from the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for (fictitious/fabricated) WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

i.e. (aka party, corporation, group) "team player" ... a variation on demanding loyalty

Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War
https://www.amazon.com/Boyd-Fighter-Pilot-Who-Changed-ebook/dp/B000FA5UEG/
pg281/loc4905-6:

He stalked the office, staring at his underlings, then suddenly walking up to them, sticking a bony finger into their chest, and saying things such as, "If your boss demands loyalty, give him integrity. But if he demands integrity, then give him loyalty."

... snip ...

John Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

past loyalty/integrity Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#40 The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#51 Sacking the Capital and Honor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#38 Trump's Message to U.S. Intelligence Officials: Be Loyal or Leave
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#21 Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#20 To Be or To Do
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#62 The NSA's back door has given every US secret to our enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#40 Core characteristics of resilience

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Another Private Equity-Style Hospital Raid Kills a Busy Urban Hospital

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Another Private Equity-Style Hospital Raid Kills a Busy Urban Hospital
Date: 14 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
Another Private Equity-Style Hospital Raid Kills a Busy Urban Hospital
https://prospect.org/health/another-private-equity%E2%80%93style-hospital-raid-kills-a-busy-urban-hospital/

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

some recent health care specific private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#100 When Private Equity Takes Over a Nursing Home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#42 Your Money and Your Life: Private Equity Blasts Ethical Boundaries of American Medicine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#41 Your Money and Your Life: Private Equity Blasts Ethical Boundaries of American Medicine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#82 Is Private Equity Overrated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#64 Private Equity Now Buying Up Primary Care Practices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#40 Why do people hate universal health care? It turns out -- they don't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#7 The Rise of Private Equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#48 'Our Lives Don't Matter.' India's Female Community Health Workers Say the Government Is Failing to Protect Them From COVID-19
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#44 More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#7 More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#101 This Is a Horror Story: How Private Equity Vampires Are Killing Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#35 book "Glass House"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#43 Private Equity: The Perps Behind Destructive Hospital Surprise Billing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#83 Americans Die Younger Despite Spending the Most on Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#41 Capitalism Gone Wild

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Things Fail

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why Things Fail
Date: 15 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
Semester after taking two credit hr into to fortran/computers, I get student programming job. Univ. shutdown datacenter from 8am sat to mon morning and I would have the whole place dedicated, although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday classes hard. Then within year of the intro class, univ. hires me fulltime responsible for os/360 running on 360/65 (actually 360/67 but used as 360/65). Then before I graduate I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I think Renton datacenter is possibly largest in the world, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around machine room. There is disaster plan to replicate Renton up at the new 747 plant in Everett ... a study that if Mt. Rainier heats up, the resulting mud flow would take out Renton and being without the datacenter for a week would cost Boeing more than the cost of a Renton datacenter.

I had worked with Jim Gray and Vera Watson on the original SQL/relational implementation, System/R ... when he leaves IBM for Tandem, he palms off some amount of stuff on me. Later he does a study on why things fail:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

Note while corporation was preoccupied with EAGLE (IMS followon), were able to do System/R tech transfer (under the "radar") to Endicott for SQL/DS ... and then after EAGLE implodes, request was how fast could System/R be ported to MVS, ... which later ships as DB2.

system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

In prior life, my wife as in gburg JES group and was one of the catchers for ASP/JES3 ... also co-author of JESUS (JES unified system), all the features in JES2&JES3 that the respective customers can't live without. She is then con'ed into going to POK responsible for loosely-coupled architecture where she did Peer-Coupled Shared Data architecture. She didn't remain long because 1) constant battles with communication group trying to force her into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation and 2) little uptake, until much later with SYSPLEX & Parallel SYSPELX ... except for IMS hotstandy. She has story asking Vern Watts
http://www.vcwatts.org/ibm_story.html
who he was going to ask to get permission to do the implementation. He said he would just do it and tell them afterwards.

Peer-Coupled Shared Data posts http//www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

Wasn't directly at any disasters, but might be brought in afterwards to look at what went wrong. We also got tasked with doing HA/6000, originally for NYTimes to move their newspaper system off VAXCluster to RS/6000 ... I renamed it HA/CMP when I start doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors (Oracle, Sybase, Informix, Ingres, RDBMS vendors that had VAXcluster support in same source base with UNIX ... they worked with us to do API with similar semantics to VAXcluster ... as well as improving on some perceived VAXcluster shortcomings).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing

Doing HA/CMP, spent a lot of time studying failures and service outages (floods, fires, earthquakes, power outages, tornadoes, mud slides, telco outages, etc). I coin term disaster survivability and geographic survivability (to differentiate from disaster recovery) when out marketing ... then get asked to write section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document ... but it gets pulled when both Rochester (AS/400) and POK (mainframe) complain that (at they time) they couldn't meet objectives. One of the cases was a small trading operation located in LA skyscraper, claimed it made more money every 24hrs than year's salary of every person in the bldg and all the year's leases in the bldg (easily justifying geographic survivability)

Jan1992 have cluster scaleup meeting in Ellison's (Oracle CEO) conference room, 16-way by mid-92 and 128-way by ye92. Then within a few weeks, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors ... we leave IBM a few months later (possibly contributing was mainframe DB2 group complaining we would be years ahead of them).

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
availability posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#availability

Later we are brought into a small client/server company as consultants, two of the former Oracle people (had worked with us on HA/CMP & were in the Ellison meetings) are there responsible for something called "commerce server" and want to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I have absolute authority for financial network payment gateway and everything between electronic commerce webservers and the payment gateways. Very early payment gateway pilot is HA configuration in bldg. with multiple telco links ... via diverse routing (into different parts of the internet), different physical links arriving into bldg from different sides. It is taken out one weekend when some work was being down on railroad and all the different physical links have common physical path through conduit at the railroad tracks. Production had multiple (HA) gateways at different physical locations ... lot of careful diverse provisioning into different places in Internet backbones and extensive multi-layered security.

electronic commerce gateway posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#paymentgateway

Postel ... Internet Standards editor
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Postel
https://internethalloffame.org/inductees/jon-postel
sponsors my talk on "Why the Internet Isn't Business Critical Dataprocessing" ... based on all the compensating work for availability that I had to do for electronic commerce.

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

Possibly for doing "electronic commerce", get invited to financial standards projects and the financial industry CIP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection
and the guy responsible for the fed financial transfer, liked us to come by and talk technology (he had triple-redundant IMS hot-standby, two in one location, 3rd at different location, claimed it was major reason that the service had 100% availability for the previous ten years).

some BCS & replicating renton data center:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#74 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#18 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#51 Mainframe Hacking -- Fact or Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#59 Boeing Plant 2 ... End of an Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#61 Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#37 movie "Airport" on cable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#42 Drones now account for one third of U.S. warplanes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#7 From build to buy: American Airlines changes modernization course midflight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#74 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#18 Why IBM chose MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!' made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#9 Boyd for Business & Innovation Conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#19 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#23 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#100 OT: Electrician cuts wrong wire and downs 25,000 square foot data centre
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#10 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#17 Globalization Worker Negotiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#46 Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#60 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#104 Now Hear This-Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#58 Failures and Resiliency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#29 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#38 Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#60 IBM 360/67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#153 At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#45 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#34 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#54 Learning PDP-11 in 2021
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#55 System Availability

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Things Fail

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why Things Fail
Date: 15 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#26 Why Things Fail

availability posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#availability

some jim gray missing/tribute posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#4 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#6 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#8 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#17 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#33 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#28 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#68 A tribute to Jim Gray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#25 Remembering The Search For Jim Gray, A Year Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#32 A Tribute to Jim Gray: Sometimes Nice Guys Do Finish First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#36 A Tribute to Jim Gray: Sometimes Nice Guys Do Finish First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#40 A Tribute to Jim Gray: Sometimes Nice Guys Do Finish First

gray '84 overview study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf
gray '85 paper, I don't know where else it may have gone to ... but this is at wayback machine (display with PC browser)
https://web.archive.org/web/20080724051051/http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~yelick/294-f00/papers/Gray85.txt

gray tribute
https://www.theregister.com/2007/04/30/jim_gray_tribute/
https://www.theregister.com/2008/06/03/jim_gray_tribute/
http://web.archive.org/web/20080616153833/http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/IPRO/JimGrayTribute/pressrelease.html

Gray is known for his groundbreaking work as a programmer, database expert and Microsoft engineer. Gray's work helped make possible such technologies as the cash machine, ecommerce, online ticketing, and deep databases like Google. In 1998, he received the ACM A.M. Turing Award, the most prestigious honor in computer science. He was appointed an IEEE Fellow in 1982, and also received IEEE Charles Babbage Award.

podcast of the tribute:
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604010939/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23082
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072804/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23083
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072809/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23087
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072815/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23088

past posts mentioningg gray '84 and/or '85 papers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#26 Why Things Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#58 Computer Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#129 Computer Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#114 Peer-Coupled Shared Data Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#54 System Availability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#15 Disk Failures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#19 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#92 Anti-virus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#5 Availability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#83 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#19 IBM assembler over the ages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#70 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#4 MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#40 Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#16 IBM RAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#75 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#87 How a few yellow dots burned the Intercept's NSA leaker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#34 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#19 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#14 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actually emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#118 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#1 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#87 These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#59 Why major financial institutions are growing their use of mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#113 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#54 Why you need batch cloud computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#72 *uix web security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#96 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#102 Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#49 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#18 350 DBAs stare blankly when reminded super-users can pinch data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#10 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#75 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#37 The Subroutine Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#16 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#19 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#33 Historians: The Paper Trail through History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#99 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#16 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#30 24/7/365 appropriateness was Re: IBMLink outages in 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#77 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#98 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#93 Itanium at ISSCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#25 Julian Assange - Hero or Villain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#23 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#69 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#73 Mainframe hacking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#65 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#14 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#4 Did a mainframe glitch trigger DBS Bank outage?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#28 Intel Nehalem-EX Aims for the Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#68 But... that's *impossible*
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#28 Check out Computer glitch to cause flight delays across U.S. - MarketWatch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#26 Check out Computer glitch to cause flight delays across U.S. - MarketWatch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#0 big iron mainframe vs. x86 servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#65 The 25 Most Dangerous Programming Errors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#47 repeat after me: RAID != backup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#39 repeat after me: RAID != backup

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust.
Date: 16 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust. A new Ken Burns documentary examines the U.S.' complex, often shameful response to the rise of Nazism and the plight of Jewish refugees
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/why-was-america-so-reluctant-to-take-action-on-the-holocaust-180980779/
Ken Burns's 'The U.S. and the Holocaust' Reveals the Limits of Democracy. Ken Burns's docuseries confronts a topic that many Americans of every political stripe prefer to avoid: responsibility.
https://www.theatlantic.com/culture/archive/2022/09/ken-burns-documentary-the-us-and-the-holocaust-review/671455/

My wife's father was command of engineer combat group in WW2 ETO and frequently ranking officer into Germany getting collection of officer daggers in surrenders. After the end of hostilities, he refused further command in Germany, even when promised promotion to general (suspected it was because of the camps). He had a large album of camp photos, presumably from Eisenhower's directive to have lots of camp pictures so we will never forget.

John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
somewhat replay of the Nazi celebration, after the war, 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US had conference at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

other detail: "Coming of America Fascism" shows socialists countered the "New Deal" becoming fascist ... which had been the objective of the capitalists ... and possibly contributed to forcing them further into the Nazi/fascist camp. When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
https://www.npr.org/2012/02/12/145472726/when-the-bankers-plotted-to-overthrow-fdr
The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004
The Plots Against the President: FDR, A Nation in Crisis, and the Rise of the American Right
https://www.amazon.com/Plots-Against-President-Nation-American-ebook/dp/B07N4BLR77/

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

a couple past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust

other nazis, fascists, &/or fascism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#19 no, Socialism and Fascism Are Not the Same
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#14 It Didn't Start with Trump: The Decades-Long Saga of How the GOP Went Crazy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#102 The Wehrmacht's Last Stand: The German Campaigns of 1944-1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#76 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#65 Gangsters of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#24 The Rachel Maddow Show 7/25/22
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#62 Empire Burlesque. What comes after the American Century?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#38 Wall Street's Plot to Seize the White House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#4 Alito's Plan to Repeal Roe--and Other 20th Century Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#113 The New New Right Was Forged in Greed and White Backlash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#107 The Cult of Trump is actually comprised of MANY other Christian cults
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#28 Capitol rioters' tears, remorse don't spare them from jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#9 Capitol rioters' tears, remorse don't spare them from jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#2 Capitol rioters' tears, remorse don't spare them from jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#7 The COVID Supply Chain Breakdown Can Be Traced to Capitalist Globalization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#104 Who Knew ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#80 "The Spoils of War": How Profits Rather Than Empire Define Success for the Pentagon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#72 In U.S., Far More Support Than Oppose Separation of Church and State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#20 Trashing the planet and hiding the money isn't a perversion of capitalism. It is capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#59 The Uproar Ovear the "Ultimate American Bible"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#57 "We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#56 "We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#101 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#80 After WW2, US Antifa come home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#59 WW2 Strategic Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#96 How Ike Led
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#93 How 'Owning the Libs' Became the GOP's Core Belief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#23 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#19 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#92 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#51 Sacking the Capital and Honor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#44 American Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#34 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#33 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#16 Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Loathed Lean?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#14 Book on monopoly (IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#6 Onward, Christian fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Financial Industry is a Lot Bigger than a Giant Vampire Squid

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Financial Industry is a Lot Bigger than a Giant Vampire Squid
Date: 18 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
The Financial Industry is a Lot Bigger than a Giant Vampire Squid
https://www.counterpunch.org/2022/09/18/the-financial-industry-is-a-lot-bigger-than-a-giant-vampire-squid/

The size of the financial industry bears no relation to the economy. Self-mythological panegyrics aside, the finance industry confiscates money; it doesn't create it. How much? Get out your calculators, and maybe you'll have to find a way to add a couple of digits to what your screen can hold.

Perhaps the total amount of money extracted by financiers (or, more to the point, speculators) is not quite as large as Douglas Adams' description of space in the, yes, increasingly inaccurately named Hitchhikers' Trilogy, as "Really big. You just won't believe how vastly hugely mind-bogglingly big it is." But it's close.


... snip ...

... claims are that during the economic mess (after the turn of the century), the financial industry tripled in size as percent of GDP; this includes analysis that securitizing no-documentation liar mortgages and loans, and paying for triple-A rating (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings), allowed them to sell off over $27T into the bond market (2001-2008)

Griftopia: Bubble Machines, Vampire Squids, and the Long Con That Is Breaking America
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Griftopia
https://www.amazon.com/Griftopia-Machines-Vampire-Breaking-America-ebook/dp/B003F3FJS2/
https://www.npr.org/2010/11/06/131106798/griftopia-the-financial-crisis-easily-explained
https://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/26/books/review/Goodman-t.html

In Jan1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). I was told that some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the (Bush1) S&L crisis, were then doing Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a couple billion, need to fail to leave the field clear for the next round of Internet IPOs), and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages (Bush2 "economic mess" was 70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis).

A decade later, Jan2009, I was asked to WEB'ize the Pecora Hearings (had been scanned the fall of 2008 at Boston Public Library, 30s congressional hearings into the '29 crash, resulted in jail sentences and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile but then get a call it wouldn't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was totally buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).

griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Pecora &/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust.
Date: 19 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#28 New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust.

Ken Burns Turns His Lens on the American Response to the Holocaust. Commemorating the Holocaust has become a central part of American culture, but the nation's reaction in real time was another story.
https://www.newyorker.com/culture/cultural-comment/ken-burns-turns-his-lens-on-the-american-response-to-the-holocaust?

In its first episode, "The U.S. and the Holocaust" begins with a long examination of America before the Holocaust, a country with its own tradition of anti-Semitism and anti-immigrant xenophobia as well as a perverse and all-consuming obsession with white supremacy, long after the abolition of slavery. Indeed, as the script reminds viewers, the fundamental racism at the heart of American life was a source of inspiration for Hitler, as he imagined a "pure" society devoid of Jews and other allegedly undesirable elements: following Hitler's lead, Nazi advisers looked to the segregated reality of the Jim Crow South as a model worthy of emulation, as the professor James Q. Whitman, not interviewed in the film, has pointed out in "Hitler's American Model: The United States and the Making of Nazi Race Law."

... snip ...

Director Lynn Novick on the New Holocaust Documentary
https://historynewsnetwork.org/blog/154633

And also, some of the worst offenses beyond those--which were pretty bad--was when the State Department basically suppressed reports of Hitler's mass extermination of people in 1941 after the invasion of the Soviet Union. These credible reports never made their way beyond the Department. State Department officials in Washington wrote back to their offices in Switzerland, where someone in the Department had sent a sent a detailed report [on mass murder of Jews], and ordered, "please don't send us any more of these reports."

... snip ...

Ken Burns connects the past and the present in 'The U.S. and the Holocaust'
https://www.npr.org/2022/09/15/1123134723/ken-burns-the-u-s-and-the-holocaust-review-history-wwii

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

... and (again) a couple past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
Date: 20 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#63 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state

i.e. from 20sep2021 facebook memory repost of:
https://www.facebook.com/thedavidbrin/posts/pfbid09kjgVGeDG28yJk6GSYuzN7t7XohibM7zub7ds1CPoqAJRM2RZDxQoU7EBjseWZCzl

.. more recent this mentions the careerists and bureaucrats destroying the watson legacy/culture at IBM
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

Note I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. One of the briefings talked about former military officers (steeped in rigid, top-down, command and control) were starting to contaminate US corporate culture. However this was about the same time articles were appearing that MBAs were starting to destroy US corporations (with their myopic focus on quarterly returns).

Boyd posts and web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards

... snip ...

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/

Why the "Maximizing Shareholder Value" Theory of Corporate Governance is Bogus
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

One mantra you see regularly in the business and popular press goes something along the lines of "the CEO and board have a fiduciary duty to maximize shareholder value." That is untrue. Moreover, the widespread acceptance of that false notion has done considerable harm.

If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in particular.


... snip ...

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html

Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel, even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world."

... snip ...

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
pg127/loc2480-82:

On the face of it, shareholder value is the dumbest idea in the world. Shareholder value is a result, not a strategy... Your main constituencies are your employees, your customers and your products. --Jack Welch, 2009

... snip ...

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Early EMAIL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Early EMAIL
Date: 21 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
userid on cp67 at univ. in 60s ... then userid on cp67 at ibm cambridge science center with 2741 dialup home terminal ("email" between users on same machine) ... as cambridge was creating the ibm internal network ... first network link was between cambridge and endicott ... part of distributed development project for adding 370 virtual memory simulation option to cp67 (up and running regular production use a year before the 1st engineering 370 (a 370/145 in endicott) was operational.

(My) CP67L was running on real 360/67, CP67H was running in (CP67L) 360/67 virtual machine supporting both 360/67 and 370 virtual machines. CP67I was running in (CP67H) 370 virtual machine running in a (CP67L) 360/67 virtual machine. Later CP67I was also used to test the engineering 370/145 when it became operational.

CP67H had to be run in virtual 360/67 because Cambridge system had staff, profs, & students from local Boston institutions and security requirements was to prevent unannounced 370 virtual memory details from leaking.

same machine email was similar to CTSS ... i.e. some of the CTSS people went to 5th flr for Project MAC to do MULTICS ... others went to IBM science center on 4th flr and 1st did CP40/CMS on 360/40 (with hardware mods for virtual memory), which morphs into CP67/CMS (precursor to vm370/cms) when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available.

co-worker at science center was responsible for IBM internal network ... which was also used decade+ later for corporate sponsored univ. BITNET. We had both transferred out to San Jose Research in late 70s and SJR got 1st IBM gateway to (NSF funded) CSNET.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSNET

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's False Idols

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's False Idols
Date: 23 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
America's False Idols. Today's tech billionaires think they're self-made geniuses who deserve veneration. But we don't have to believe that.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2022/09/big-tech-founders-gates-neumann-jobs/671519/

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards

... snip ...

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html
in case ever goes 404
https://web.archive.org/web/20171006174144/https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html

Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel, even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world."

... snip ...

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose (aka gov. corporate charters originally for the public interest)
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Alarm as Koch bankrolls dozens of election denier candidates

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Alarm as Koch bankrolls dozens of election denier candidates
Date: 23 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
Alarm as Koch bankrolls dozens of election denier candidates. Election watchdogs say Koch's about face after pledging change following January 6 is disturbing given the threats to democracy
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2022/sep/23/koch-bankrolls-election-denier-candidates

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

some recnt posts specifically mentioning Koch, Koch industry, Koch brothers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#1 A Second Constitutional Convention?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#106 Price Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#74 The Supreme Court Is Limiting the Regulatory State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#118 The Death of Neoliberalism Has Been Greatly Exaggerated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#59 Rags-to-Riches Stories Are Actually Kind of Disturbing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#58 Rags-to-Riches Stories Are Actually Kind of Disturbing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#35 40 Years of the Reagan Revolution's Libertarian Experiment Have Brought Us Crisis & Chaos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#20 Koch Funding for Campuses Comes With Dangerous Strings Attached
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#43 Koch Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#98 The Koch Empire Goes All Out to Sink Joe Biden's Agenda -- and His Presidency, Too
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#40 Why do people hate universal health care? It turns out -- they don't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#13 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#77 Meet the "New Koch Brothers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#51 In Biden's recovery plan, an overdue rebuke of trickle-down economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#27 We must stop calling Trump's enablers 'conservative.' They are the radical right
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#20 Trickle Down Economics Started it All
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#5 Book: Kochland : the secret history of Koch Industries and corporate power in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#3 Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History
Date: 24 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History
https://www.amazon.com/Lee-Considered-General-History-America-ebook/dp/B00ZVEM3T6/

Alan Nolan explodes these and other assumptions about Lee and the war through a rigorous reexamination of familiar and long-available historical sources, including Lee's personal and official correspondence and the large body of writings about Lee. Looking at this evidence in a critical way, Nolan concludes that there is little truth to the dogmas traditionally set forth about Lee and the war.

... snip ...

DEBUNKING MYTHS ABOUT GENERAL LEE
https://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/os-xpm-1991-09-15-9109130676-story.html

Nolan explains this by pointing out the racism that existed in the North as well as the South. The North didn't want the Civil War to be recorded as the war that freed the slaves any more than the South did. The Northern historians then, in writing the history of the Civil War (the victors write the histories), participated in the Southern myths of a noble antebellum South populated with happy darkies and bold and honorable cavaliers. "States Rights" was the banner waved by a benign and benevolent slavocracy, which, wounded and disenfranchised by the political vendettas of Northern abolitionists and troublemakers, seceded when all attempts at compromise failed. The Lee myth was just one of many to emerge in post-Civil War literature.

... snip ...

The Myth of the Kindly General Lee. The legend of the Confederate leader's heroism and decency is based in the fiction of a person who never existed.
https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/06/the-myth-of-the-kindly-general-lee/529038/

The white supremacists who have protested on Lee's behalf are not betraying his legacy. In fact, they have every reason to admire him. Lee, whose devotion to white supremacy outshone his loyalty to his country, is the embodiment of everything they stand for. Tribe and race over country is the core of white nationalism, and racists can embrace Lee in good conscience.

... snip ...

The Making and the Breaking of the Legend of Robert E. Lee
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/28/books/review/eric-foner-robert-e-lee.html

That same year, however, W. E. B. Du Bois published "Black Reconstruction in America," a powerful challenge to the mythologies about slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction that historians had been purveying. Du Bois identified slavery as the fundamental cause of the war and emancipation as its most profound outcome. He portrayed the abolitionists as idealistic precursors of the 20th-century struggle for racial justice, and Reconstruction as a remarkable democratic experiment -- the tragedy was not that it was attempted but that it failed

... snip ...

W.E.B. DuBois on Robert E. Lee
https://cwmemory.com/2017/05/30/w-e-b-dubois-on-robert-e-lee/

Each year on the 19th of January there is renewed effort to canonize Robert E. Lee, the greatest confederate general. His personal comeliness, his aristocratic birth and his military prowess all call for the verdict of greatness and genius. But one thing-one terrible fact-militates against this and that is the inescapable truth that Robert E. Lee led a bloody war to perpetuate slavery.

... snip ...

Robert E. Lee, American traitor
https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2019/01/28/arguable/RoEcRoxu0og8OzYHTITKxN/story.html
Why We're Finally Taking Down Confederate Flags. Our understanding of the Confederate flag has changed because our understanding of the Civil War and its aftermath has changed. The "Lost Cause" is finally losing.
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/adamserwer/why-were-finally-taking-down-confederate-flags#.ddYo0lMPO
Arlington, Bobby Lee, and the 'Peculiar Institution'
https://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2010/08/arlington-bobby-lee-and-the-peculiar-institution/61428/
Dismantling the Myth of the "Black Confederate"
https://slate.com/human-interest/2019/08/black-confederate-myth-history-book.html
For the last time, the American Civil War was not about states' rights
https://qz.com/378533/for-the-last-time-the-american-civil-war-was-not-about-states-rights/
Next time someone says the Civil War wasn't about slavery, show them this
https://www.vox.com/2015/8/12/9132561/civil-war-slavery-video
Slavery, Not States' Rights, Caused Civil War Whose Political Effects Linger
https://www.npr.org/sections/itsallpolitics/2011/04/12/135353655/slavery-not-states-rights-was-civil-wars-cause
6 Civil War Myths, Busted
https://www.livescience.com/13673-civil-war-anniversary-myths.html
The Confederacy Was an Antidemocratic, Centralized State. The actual Confederate States of America was a repressive state devoted to white supremacy.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/06/confederacy-wasnt-what-you-think/613309/
Five Myths About the American Civil War That Need to Be Addressed
https://www.warhistoryonline.com/american-civil-war/american-civil-war-myths.html
"capitalism" and slavery and the civil war
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-labor-and-working-class-history/article/capitalism-and-slavery-and-the-civil-war/453A47DC79CFCE4FF69198C0712CFA63

racism, white supremeists, bias posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
posts mentioning capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

posts mentioning civil war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#23 Reimagining Capitalism: Major Philanthropies Launch Effort at Leading Academic Institutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#13 West from Appomattox: The Reconstruction of America after the Civil War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#6 The COVID Supply Chain Breakdown Can Be Traced to Capitalist Globalization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#53 West from Appomattox: The Reconstruction of America after the Civil War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#46 Why Native Americans are buying back land that was stolen from them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#83 Trump Pressured DOJ to Declare Election Corrupt and 'Leave the Rest to Me'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#86 How Custer Met His End at Little Bighorn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#81 Indian Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#65 Apple, Amazon and Google slam 'discriminatory' voting restriction laws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#62 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#83 people's heights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#42 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#45 Debate Over Ken Burns Civil War Doc Continues Over Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#56 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#60 "The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt" ... and relationship with Mahan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#92 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#77 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#45 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

posts mentioning 14th admendment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#88 Short-term profits and long-term consequences -- did Jack Welch break capitalism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#39 The Supreme Court's History of Protecting the Powerful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#4 Alito's Plan to Repeal Roe--and Other 20th Century Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#97 Why Companies Are Becoming B Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#36 The Supreme Court Has Never Been Apolitical
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#90 Gasoline costs more these days, but price spikes have a long history and happen for a host of reasons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#7 The COVID Supply Chain Breakdown Can Be Traced to Capitalist Globalization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#53 West from Appomattox: The Reconstruction of America after the Civil War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#46 Why Native Americans are buying back land that was stolen from them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#28 Massive infrastructure spending has a dark side. Yes, there is such a thing as dumb growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#70 The Rise and Fall of an American Tech Giant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#27 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#36 How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#148 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#1 The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History
Date: 24 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#35 Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History

A short history of fake history: Why fighting for the truth is critical. A case of fake history repeating itself: The American right told vicious lies about the Confederacy for decades
https://www.salon.com/2022/09/17/a-short-history-of-fake-history-why-fighting-for-the-truth-is-critical/

Within a few decades after the Civil War, it came to be the losers' stories of "a land of Cavaliers and cotton fields," moonlight and magnolias, kindly masters and happy slaves, a glorious "Lost Cause" and a horrible period of "Black Reconstruction" that were widely accepted as accurate history. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the nation was reunited on the basis of a tacit armistice in which the South accepted that the Union was indissoluble and white Americans outside the South accepted the Southern doctrine that people of African ancestry were innately inferior. That acceptance was facilitated by the popularity of the pseudoscience of social Darwinism and a fabricated story that Reconstruction had been a monstrous time of rule by ignorant black people, rather than the largely successful period of progressive and democratic reform that it actually was.

... snip ...

racism, white supremeists, bias posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GOP unveils 'Commitment to America'

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: GOP unveils 'Commitment to America'
Date: 24 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
GOP unveils 'Commitment to America' platform, passing off stock footage of Russia and Ukraine as the US and a Lehman Brothers ad as a quote by Lincoln
https://www.businessinsider.com/gop-commitment-america-features-russian-stock-footage-fake-lincoln-quote-2022-9
The problem(s) with the Republicans' new 'Commitment to America'
https://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/maddowblog/problems-republicans-new-commitment-america-rcna49178
THE LINCOLN PROJECT SHOWS THE GOP'S RETREAD CONTRACT WITH AMERICA ISN'T NEEDED
https://lincolnproject.us/new-lincoln-project-shows-the-gops-retread-contract-with-america-isnt-needed/

Kochland: The Secret History of Koch Industries and Corporate Power in America
https://www.amazon.com/Kochland-History-Industries-Corporate-America-ebook/dp/B07P5HCQ7G/
pg113/loc1898-1903:

The Libertarian Party sought to abolish a vast set of government agencies and programs, including Medicare, Medicaid, Social Security (which would be made voluntary), the Department of Transportation (and "all government agencies concerned with transportation," including the Federal Aviation Administration, which oversees airplane safety), the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Energy, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Consumer Product Safety Commission. And this is just a partial list. The party also sought to privatize all roads and highways, to privatize all schools, to privatize all mail delivery. It sought to abolish personal and corporate income taxes and, eventually, the "repeal of all taxation."

... snip ...

... eventually respun to make it sound more palatable

Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America. Nobel laureate James Buchanan is the intellectual linchpin of the Koch-funded attack on democratic institutions, argues Duke historian Nancy MacLean
https://www.ineteconomics.org/perspectives/blog/meet-the-economist-behind-the-one-percents-stealth-takeover-of-america

With Koch's money and enthusiasm, Buchanan's academic school evolved into something much bigger. By the 1990s, Koch realized that Buchanan's ideas -- transmitted through stealth and deliberate deception, as MacLean amply documents -- could help take government down through incremental assaults that the media would hardly notice. The tycoon knew that the project was extremely radical, even a "revolution" in governance, but he talked like a conservative to make his plans sound more palatable.

... snip ...

Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right's Stealth Plan for America
https://www.amazon.com/Democracy-Chains-History-Radical-Stealth-ebook/dp/B01EH1EL7A/
pgxxvii/loc293-97:

it was training operatives to staff the far-flung and purportedly separate, yet intricately connected, institutions funded by the Koch brothers and their now large network of fellow wealthy donors. These included the Cato Institute, the Heritage Foundation, Citizens for a Sound Economy, Americans for Prosperity, FreedomWorks, the Club for Growth, the State Policy Network, the Competitive Enterprise Institute, the Tax Foundation, the Reason Foundation, the Leadership Institute, and more, to say nothing of the Charles Koch Foundation and Koch Industries itself.

pgxxviii/loc317-22:

I was able to do so because Koch's team had since moved on to a vast new command-and-control facility at George Mason called the Mercatus Center, leaving Buchanan House largely untended. Future-oriented, Koch's men (and they are, overwhelmingly, men) gave no thought to the fate of the historical trail they left unguarded. And thus, a movement that prided itself, even congratulated itself, on its ability to carry out a revolution below the radar of prying eyes (especially those of reporters) had failed to lock one crucial door: the front door to a house that let an academic archive rat like me, operating on a vague hunch, into the mind of the man who started it all.

pgxxxiv/loc420-23:

Koch never lied to himself about what he was doing. While some others in the movement called themselves conservatives, he knew exactly how radical his cause was. Informed early on by one of his grantees that the playbook on revolutionary organization had been written by Vladimir Lenin, Koch dutifully cultivated a trusted "cadre" of high-level operatives, just as Lenin had done, to build a movement that refused compromise as it devised savvy maneuvers to alter the political math in its favor.

... snip ...

The Man Who Broke Politics; Newt Gingrich turned partisan battles into bloodsport, wrecked Congress, and paved the way for Trump's rise. Now he's reveling in his achievements.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/11/newt-gingrich-says-youre-welcome/570832/
How Newt Gingrich Crippled Congress. No single person bears more responsibility for how much Americans hate Congress than Newt Gingrich. Here's what he did to it.
https://www.thenation.com/article/how-newt-gingrich-crippled-congress/
'Combative, Tribal, Angry': Newt Gingrich Set The Stage For Trump, Journalist Says
https://www.npr.org/2018/11/01/662906525/combative-tribal-angry-newt-gingrich-set-the-stage-for-trump-journalist-says

Note during Obama's first term, republican members of congress repeatedly claimed in public that their primary goal was to make sure Obama didn't have a 2nd term (... and doing everything possible to obstruct all legislative efforts)

Koch Brothers Bankroll Move to Rewrite the Constitution
https://billmoyers.com/story/kochs-to-rewrite-constitution/
America might see a new constitutional convention in a few years
https://www.economist.com/briefing/2017/09/30/america-might-see-a-new-constitutional-convention-in-a-few-years

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
racism, white supremeists, bias posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

some posts mentioning Gingrich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#25 Did Ben Bernanke Implement QE before the 2008 Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#115 Newt Gingrich started us on the road to ruin. Now, he's back to finish the job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#39 'Bipartisanship' Is Dead in Washington
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#11 George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#8 A Discourse on Winning and Losing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#4 The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#93 How 'Owning the Libs' Became the GOP's Core Belief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#51 In Biden's recovery plan, an overdue rebuke of trickle-down economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#29 How the Republican Party Went Feral. Democracy is now threatened by malevolent tribalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#21 Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#45 What is ALEC? 'The most effective organization' for conservatives, says Newt Gingrich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#40 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#28 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#136 Gingrich urged yes vote on controversial Medicare bill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#15 Al Gore and the Internet

some posts mentioning Koch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#34 Alarm as Koch bankrolls dozens of election denier candidates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#1 A Second Constitutional Convention?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#74 The Supreme Court Is Limiting the Regulatory State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#58 Rags-to-Riches Stories Are Actually Kind of Disturbing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#35 40 Years of the Reagan Revolution's Libertarian Experiment Have Brought Us Crisis & Chaos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#43 Koch Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#98 The Koch Empire Goes All Out to Sink Joe Biden's Agenda -- and His Presidency, Too
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#40 Why do people hate universal health care? It turns out -- they don't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#77 Meet the "New Koch Brothers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#27 We must stop calling Trump's enablers 'conservative.' They are the radical right
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#20 Trickle Down Economics Started it All
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#14 Book on monopoly (IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#5 Book: Kochland : the secret history of Koch Industries and corporate power in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#3 Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#116 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#103 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#47 Day of Reckoning for KPMG-Failures in Ethics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#64 Mystery of the Underpaid American Worker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#77 Nassim Nicholas Taleb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#11 Hell is ... ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#91 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#84 The Warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#6 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#4 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#72 Public misperception about scientific agreement on global warming undermines climate policy support

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GOP unveils 'Commitment to America'

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: GOP unveils 'Commitment to America'
Date: 25 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#37 GOP unveils 'Commitment to America'

The GOP's 'Commitment' is to total political warfare
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2022/09/25/commitment-america-gop-midterms-dionne/

... i.e. back to Gingrich in the 90s

racism, white supremeists, bias posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust.
Date: 27 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#28 New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#30 New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust.

The return of fascism: Fueled by widening inequality and the bankruptcy of liberalism
https://www.salon.com/2022/09/27/the-return-of-fascism-fueled-by-widening-inequality-and-the-bankruptcy-of-liberalism/

some refs: Nazis Were Given 'Safe Haven' in U.S., Report Says
https://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/14/us/14nazis.html
NATO's secret Nazi armies
https://asawinstanley.substack.com/p/natos-secret-nazi-armies
NATO's Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe
https://www.routledge.com/NATOs-Secret-Armies-Operation-GLADIO-and-Terrorism-in-Western-Europe/Ganser/p/book/9780714685007
Poisoner in Chief: Sidney Gottlieb and the CIA Search for Mind Control
https://bookshop.org/books/poisoner-in-chief-sidney-gottlieb-and-the-cia-search-for-mind-control/9781250762627

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
racism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism

recent related
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#38 GOP unveils 'Commitment to America'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#37 GOP unveils 'Commitment to America'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#34 Alarm as Koch bankrolls dozens of election denier candidates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#1 A Second Constitutional Convention?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360/67 Virtual Memory

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360/67 Virtual Memory
Date: 28 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#116 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#115 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#114 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory

originally 360/60 & 360/70 were announced with 1mic memory (360/70 was considered somewhat hardwired version of microcoded 360/60) ... before shipped the memory was upgraded to 750ns and the models renamed 360/65 and 360/75. 360/67 was "dat box" (somewhat virtual memory added to 360/65). while single processor 360/67 was very similar to 360/65 with dat box ... multiprocessor 360/67 had significant enhancements (from 360/65) ... including multi-ported memory (could be doing memory transfers concurrently with CPUs and channels) and channel controller (which included all processors able to access all channels). Originally 2, 3, & four processor systems were announced ... but production shipped were only two processor ... except for special 3-processor for Lockheed for the MOL project.

Lots more 360/67 detail info in functional characteristics A27-2719-0_360-67_funcChar.pdf A27-2719-2_360-67_funcChar.pdf at bitsaver
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/functional_characteristics/

The switches on the multiprocessor channel controller could be "sensed" by storing the control registers containing the switch settings (remnants of the four processor design can be seen in the bits available from the channel controller settings). The MOL 3-processor version allowed changing the configuration settings in the channel controller via software by loading different values into the control registers.

360/65 multiprocessor and all 370 multiprocessors had shared memory but each processor had its own dedicated i/o channels. to simulate multiprocessor channel capability ... they would have multi-channel controllers connected on same numbered channels and controller address. also single-ported memory bus ... same as single processor configuration where processor(s) and channels had to all share/alternate memory transfer.

other info about 360/67 and CP/67 in my recent z/vm posts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/

my archived copies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
SMP, multiprocessor and/or compare-and-swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The implosion of a $16.5 billion Citrix Systems debt deal reveals how private equity firms always manage to wriggle out of trouble

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The implosion of a $16.5 billion Citrix Systems debt deal reveals how private equity firms always manage to wriggle out of trouble
Date: 29 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
Griftrix. The implosion of a $16.5 billion Citrix Systems debt deal reveals how private equity firms always manage to wriggle out of trouble.
https://prospect.org/power/griftrix-citrix-systems-debt-deal-private-equity/

In the absence of swift and meaningful reforms, private equity is poised to once again rake in record returns on the pain it has inflicted on the rest of us.

Both private credit and continuation funds enable private equity firms to keep insolvent portfolio companies out of bankruptcy court and the public spotlight for ever-longer periods, making it harder for workers and other victims to claw back profits. It's worth noting that corporate bankruptcy filings have slowed to a trickle amid the evaporation of the bond market, even though well over a fifth of the top 3,000 publicly traded companies are officially "zombies," according to a Bloomberg analysis.


... snip ...

A $15 Billion Risky Debt Deal Heralds Day of Reckoning for Wall Street
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-09-22/citrix-debt-debacle-heralds-a-day-of-reckoning-on-wall-street

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

some recent specific posts referencing private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#29 The Financial Industry is a Lot Bigger than a Giant Vampire Squid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#25 Another Private Equity-Style Hospital Raid Kills a Busy Urban Hospital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#100 When Private Equity Takes Over a Nursing Home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#97 Private Equity For-Profit Colleges Predatory Lending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#78 Wealthy Donors Bankroll Christian Nationalists to Sustain Unregulated Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#77 Closing Down the Billionaire Factory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#30 The "Animal Spirits of Capitalism" Are Devouring Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#65 High cost of cancer care in the U.S. doesn't reduce mortality rates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#42 Your Money and Your Life: Private Equity Blasts Ethical Boundaries of American Medicine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#41 Your Money and Your Life: Private Equity Blasts Ethical Boundaries of American Medicine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#26 How Private Equity Looted America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#103 The Private Equity Giant KKR Bought Hundreds Of Homes For People With Disabilities

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Conspiracy Theories That Fueled the Civil War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Conspiracy Theories That Fueled the Civil War
Date: 29 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
The Conspiracy Theories That Fueled the Civil War. The most powerful people and institutions in the South spread paranoia and fear to protect slavery. Their beliefs led the country to war--and continue to haunt our politics to this day.
https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2020/05/conspiracy-theories-civil-war/612283/

These claims were not relegated to the fringes of southern society; they emanated from its center. The most powerful people and institutions in the region voiced and acted upon them as fact. But they were unfounded: conspiracy theories, born of white supremacy and the desire to justify and maintain slavery. Even as they helped shield the antebellum South against the rising abolitionism in the North and in other countries, these theories deepened sectional divisions and made the question of slavery all but impossible to settle peacefully. They helped fuel the deadliest war in the nation's history. And their violent legacy has lingered across centuries.

... snip ...

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#35 Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#36 Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History

racist posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some BITNET (& other) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some BITNET (& other) History
Date: 30 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
periodic long-winded account, co-worker at cambridge science center
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
responsible for technology used for the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about beginning until some time mid/late 80s)
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
and archived
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3

CSC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#internalnet

we transfer out to san jose research in 1977.

Old SJMN article about Edson (he passed aug2020) and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
also wayback machine, some additional references from Ed's website
http://web.archive.org/web/20000115185349/http://www.edh.net/bungle.htm

SJR gets a CSNET gateway in fall of 1982
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSNET

his technology also used for (corporate sponsored) bitnet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

old email from person transferred to Paris, getting assigned to put together EARN (bitnet in europe)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_and_Research_Network

Date: 03/20/84 15:15:41
To: wheeler

Hello Lynn,

I have left LaGaude last September for a 3 years assignement to IBM Europe, where I am starting a network that IBM helps the universities

This network, called EARN (European Academic and Research Network), is, roughly speaking, a network of VM/CMS machines, and it looks like our own VNET. It includes some non IBM machines (many VAX, some CDC, UNIVAC and some IBM compatible mainframes). EARN is a 'brother' of the US network BITNET to which it is connected.

EARN is starting now, and 9 countries will be connected by June. It includes some national networks, such as JANET in U.K., SUNET in Sweden.

I am now trying to find applications which could be of great interest for the EARN users, and I am open to all ideas you may have. Particularly, I am interested in computer conferencing.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

email motivated because I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the IBM internal network in the late 70s and early 80s ... folklore is when corporate executive committee was told, 5of6 wanted to fire me. One of the results were officially sanctioned&moderated computer conferences (forums) and software.

BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Early (bitnet) "listserv" (from paris) history ... note had subset of the IBM internal officially sanctioned software
https://www.lsoft.com/products/listserv-history.asp
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LISTSERV

My online computer conferencing activity in part started with TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
making their VM370/CMS-based online computer conferencing system available "free" to the (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE
https://www.share.org/
as VMSHARE in Aug1976, archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
I cut a deal with Tymshare to get a monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE files for putting up on internal systems and network, biggest problem was IBM lawyers afraid that internal employees would be contaminated by exposure to customer information.

In early 80s, I had started HSDT project, T1 (1.5mbits/sec) and faster computer links ... also working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Preliminary announcement (Mar1986)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

... snip ...

IBM internal politics not allowing us to bid (being blamed for online computer conferencing inside IBM, likely contributed). The NSF director tried to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other gov. agencies) ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did claims that what we already had operational was at least 5yrs ahead of the winning bid), as regional networks connect in, it morphs into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet poswts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

CSNET and BITNET merge in 1989
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporation_for_Research_and_Educational_Networking

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some BITNET (& other) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some BITNET (& other) History
Date: 30 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History

TUCC trivia: make reference to blaming them for JES2 NJI/NJE problems ... in this (linkedin) post/reference
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
and archived
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3

hasp/asp, jes2/jes3, nji/nje, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some BITNET (& other) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some BITNET (& other) History
Date: 30 Sept 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History

WSUVM1 trivia ... response to question about recommendations for NSF submission ... not long before IBM internal politics shutdown our NSF activities.

Date: 05/13/86 16:51:34
To: xxxx@WSUVM1
From: WHEELER@ALMVMA

re: joint studies; the technology we have allows pc to drive up to a 6mbit trunk ... either terrestrially or over satellites. The DNS satellite system we have will support 1-6 six mbit trunks. The satellite design is a fully meshed system where everybody on the system talks directly to everybody else (similar to a LAN architecture). We will be providing a number of protocol interfaces.

Two main interesting pts for NSF is the 6mbit support which is 100* what everybody else is looking at (i.e. 56kbit) and the fully-meshed architecture for the satellite support ... drastically minimizes a lot of the complexity associated with store&forward problems.

Discussions have been going on for over a year with NSF and now people are starting to act serious. Besides the multitude of NSF associated communication projects that the technology is applicable for ... there have also been some discussions with regional/state proposals ... including UC system & the NY system.

An objective for the june meeting to organize the various interests so that the NSF proposals & IBM joint-studies are written and submitted by late August. Will be interesting, trying to get that amount of co-operation (& work) out of 20 major universities and labs. in two months ... especially when only a few have seen the technology and/or the implications.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

more in that email exchange
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#email860513
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#33 How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It

NSF proposals June meeting; right before the scheduled June meeting, an IBM executive called up all the invited univ/labs and other scheduled attendees and told them the meeting had been canceled and we wouldn't be involved in any more activity.

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet poswts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some BITNET (& other) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some BITNET (& other) History
Date: 01 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#45 Some BITNET (& other) History

... email sequence started when I replied to this post to a BITNET listserv group:

Date: 12 May 1986, 08:35:02 PLT
From: xxxx%WSUVM1.BITNET@WISCVM.WISC.EDU

We are trying to determine the best way to satisfy the following criteria for connection to NSFnet:

-Establish a 56 kilobit/second link to one of the component networks of NSFnet.

-Use "the DARPA/DOD protocol suite (TCP/IP and associated protocols)" since that will be the initial NSFnet standard.

-Install "an IP Router/Gateway, or gateway computer system supporting the TCP/IP communications protocols".

-Make the gateway available to all researchers at our institution e.g. by connection to a campus network).

With our present configuration of computers, it would be easiest for us to satisfy the accessibility criterion by connecting to our IBM 3090-200 since all of our researchers have access to that system. An alternative would be to connect to a DEC VAX-11/785, but researcher access to that system is less direct than to the IBM system. The IBM system runs both MVS and VM, so a connection scheme using either could be used. The VAX runs VMS.

A kind soul sent us the "TCP/IP Implementations and Vendors Guide". It looks fairly easy to connect to an Ethernet running TCP/IP. Since we are not an APRPnet or TCP/IP site, it is a little less clear to us what the alternatives are for a 56 Kbps connection. It seems that one could use something like one of the following:

1. VM : WISCnet : DACU : Interlan : Ethernet : DDN/Ethernet Gateway 2. MVS : Spartacus KNET : Spartacus K200: Ethernet : DDN/Ethernet Gateway 3. VMS : QAX75 (DEC/Wollongong) : DMR11

From the information we have at the moment, we can't determine exactly what we need for a straightforward IBM to 56 Kbps TCP/IP connection. For example, does any software support our Comten front-ends? We are proceeding to try to collect the needed information, but it was suggested that we ask IBM-NETS as others may also be interested in any discussion that results.

In anticipation, thanks.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet poswts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some BITNET (& other) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some BITNET (& other) History
Date: 01 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#45 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#46 Some BITNET (& other) History

linkedin reference
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
and archived
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3

The IBM communication group was fiercely fighting off release of mainframe TCP/IP support ... then in part because increasing univ. requirements, they eventually lost ... at which point they changed their strategy and said that since the communication group had corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls ... any mainframe TCP/IP product had to be released through them (communication group). What eventually shipped took nearly whole 3090 processor getting 44kbytes/sec aggregate. I then added RFC1044 support and in some tuning tests at Cray Research, between Cray and (one MIP) IBM 4341 got sustained mbyte/sec channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

rfc 1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

The communication group was distributing internally, inside IBM, misinformation about TCP/IP, NSFnet, univ. customers, etc. Somebody collected a lot of the (misinformation) email and forwarded to us ... heavily clipped and redacted to protect the guilty:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

In the late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at communication group internal, annual, world-wide conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk with the comment that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division (their fierce opposition to client/server and distributed computing); the disk division was seeing data fleeing the mainframe to more distributed computing friendly platforms with a drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions, but they were continually veto'ed by the communication group (with their corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls).

posts mentioning communication group fight to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Later in the 90s, the communication group hired silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP support directly in mainframe VTAM. He initially demo'ed TCP/IP running much faster than (SNA) LU6.2. He was then told that "everybody knows" that a "proper" TCP implementation runs much slower than LU6.2 ... and they would only be paying for a "proper" TCP/IP implementation.

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet poswts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some BITNET (& other) History

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some BITNET (& other) History
Date: 02 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#45 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#46 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History

late 80s, unix bsd tahoe/reno tcp/ip stack had 5k instruction pathlength and five buffer copies. By comparison at the time, (mainframe) VTAM LU6.2 had 160k instruction pathlength and 15 buffer copies (at the time, that many large record buffer copies on cache machine could have involved more CPU time than the 160k instructions).

I was on the XTP technical advisory board (which the communication group had fought hard to block), one the things was moving checksum from ip header to trailor ... along with scatter/gather I/O and checksum trailer pipelined in outboard chip as data flowed through (part of tcp/ip outboard protocol processing), aka zero buffer copies (like mainframe "read/write" disk i/o).

XTP/HSP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some BITNET (& other) History

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some BITNET (& other) History
Date: 02 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#45 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#46 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#48 Some BITNET (& other) History

just finished adding comment to the post in old farts
https://www.facebook.com/groups/internetoldfarts/posts/627231978924024/

about being on the XTP technical advisory board ... turns out navy wanted to use for submarines and surface warfare ships. Problem at the time that there was gov. agency directive to move everything to OSI (GOSIP) and eliminate TCP/IP. So we tried taking XTP to x3s3.3 (ISO chartered ANSI group responsible for OSI level 3&4 standards, networking & transport) for "OSI" standardization. Eventually they said they couldn't do it because there was ISO directive that they could only standardize protocols that conformed to the OSI model. XTP didn't conform to OSI model because 1) it supported internetworking protocol (no-existent between level 3&4), 2) went directly to LAN MAC interface (non-existent somewhere in middle of level 3) and 3) skipped the level 3/4 interface (directly from transport to LAN MAC).

late 60s historical note about working in small group in Boeing CFO office helping create boeing computer services (consolidate all "data processing" into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, just renton datacenter had a couple hundred million in ibm gear).
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
archived
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th

this has some historical notes about John Boyd
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
archived
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

one of his stories was about being very vocal that electronics across trail wouldn't work ... and possibly as punishment he is put in command of spook base (about same time I'm at Boeing). One of Boyd's biographies has "spook base" a $2.5B "wind fall" for IBM (60s dollars). spook base refs
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

XTP/HSP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Debt Vultures Prey on Countries in Economic Distress

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US Debt Vultures Prey on Countries in Economic Distress
Date: 02 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
US Debt Vultures Prey on Countries in Economic Distress
https://www.telesurenglish.net/news/US-Debt-Vultures-Prey-on-Countries-in-Economic-Distress-20220929-0006.html

These activist hedge funds usually buy sovereign debt of countries near or in default at deep discounts from secondary markets, then fiercely litigate with the debtors to claim full payments and employ all possible tactics to bring them to heel, no matter how long such a fight goes; that's why they are also dubbed as "doomsday investors."

... snip ...

Washington Doubles Down on Hyper-Hypocrisy After Accusing China of Using Debt to "Trap" Latin American Countries
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2022/07/us-hypocrisy-plumbs-new-lows-as-pentagon-accuses-china-of-using-debt-to-trap-latin-american-countries.html

Nonetheless, Richardson's warning reeks of rank hypocrisy. After all, no country has done more to trap the economies of Latin America (and beyond) under an insurmountable mountain of toxic debt than the US. Since the 1980s over exuberant lending on the part of the largely US-controlled World Bank, regional development banks, US and European commercial banks and investors has repeatedly fuelled speculative booms that have quickly turned to bust. Once that happens, the IMF swoops in with a prescription for crippling austerity medicine.

... snip ...

US version "Economic Hit Man"
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
wiki entry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
Five Examples of How Economic Hit Men Still Operate Globally Today
https://www.bkconnection.com/bkblog/jeevan-sivasubramaniam/five-examples-of-how-economic-hit-men-still-operate-globally-today
Confessions of an Economic Hitman by John Perkins
https://jamesclear.com/book-summaries/confessions-of-an-economic-hitman

and Butler's "War Is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket

also there is the "Was Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the Soviet Union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on looting the country (and the Russians needed a Russian to oppose US looting). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20130211131020/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

also It's Official: America Is an Oligarchy
https://www.thenation.com/article/society/cbo-american-wealth-inequality/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

some recent posts mentioning "economic hit man", "war is a racket", and/or "rise of Putin":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#19 no, Socialism and Fascism Are Not the Same
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#12 The Destiny of Civilization: Michael Hudson on Finance Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#76 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#65 Gangsters of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#76 Washington Doubles Down on Hyper-Hypocrisy After Accusing China of Using Debt to "Trap" Latin American Countries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#41 Wall Street's Plot to Seize the White House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#88 How the Ukraine War - and COVID-19 - is Affecting Inflation and Supply Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#37 The Lost Opportunity to Set Post-Soviet Russia on a Stable Course
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#104 Why Nixon's Prediction About Putin and Ukraine Matters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#71 MI6 boss warns of China 'debt traps and data traps'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#21 Obama's Failure to Adequately Respond to the 2008 Crisis Still Haunts American Politics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#97 The End of World Bank's "Doing Business Report": A Landmark Victory for People & Planet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#33 Afghanistan's Corruption Was Made in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#29 More than a Decade After the Volcker Rule Purported to Outlaw It, JPMorgan Chase Still Owns a Hedge Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#34 Obama Was Always in Wall Street's Corner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#26 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#97 How capitalism is reshaping cities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#95 Larry Summers, the Man Who Won't Shut Up, No Matter How Wrong He's Been
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#71 Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#76 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#132 Ukraine's Post-Independence Struggles, 1991 - 2019
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#38 World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#40 When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#40 Has Privatization Benefitted the Public?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some BITNET (& other) History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some BITNET (& other) History
Date: 03 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#45 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#46 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#48 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History

IBM business card (SJRLVM4), early 80s before fall82 csnet gateway (and before almaden was built) ... internal network rapidly approaching 1000 (1jan1983 arpanet cut-over to internetworking, approx 100 IMP network nodes and 255 hosts) ... archived post with 1983 list of world-wide IBM locations that added one or more network nodes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

IBM business card (ALMVMA), after move to new research bldg built in mid-80s. There was corporate edict that business cards are for customers only, so email addresses had to be removed. We pointed out that met also removing the "internal tieline" ... and we could continue to have our CSNET address.

Old (archived) email with announcement of our CSNET gateway
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#email821022

SJRL IBM business card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/sjrlvm4card.jpg

SJRL IBM business card

ALM IBM business card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/almvmacard.jpg

ALM IBM business card

desk ornament for 1000 nodes

1000th node globe

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM changes to retirement benefits

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM changes to retirement benefits
Date: 03 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
IBM changes to retirement benefits

reference to Learson trying to block rise of the careerists and bureaucrats destroying the Watson legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

management briefing (and references '72 think magazine article) ... then "how to stuff wild duck" 1973 (following Learson's management briefing) ...

"We are convinced that any business needs its wild ducks. And in IBM we try not to tame them," T.J. Watson. Jr.
https://collection.cooperhewitt.org/objects/18618011/

AMEX is in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO (reverse IPO) of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president to help with RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

early 90s the careerists and bureaucrats have done their job, IBM has one of the largest losses in US corporate history and was being reorg'ed into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company.
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

Board hires former president of AMEX as new CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same tactics used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
above some IBM related specifics from
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

In the IBM 100 videos for its 100 anniversary ... the wild duck video was about "customer" wild ducks, all traces of employee wild ducks appear to have been expunged.

Note I think the organization used at RJR and then IBM is still around, gone through a number of mergers and name changes.

"John Boyd & IBM Wild Ducks" archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

posts referencing pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

some recent "retirement heist" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#106 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#87 IBM ITOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#4 Retiree sues IBM alleging shortchanged benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#53 Another IBM Down Fall thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#49 IBM Dug A Hole
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#40 AMEX, First Data, & IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#40 After IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#60 IBM cannot kill this age-discrimination lawsuit linked to CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#52 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#110 Not counting dividends IBM delivered an annualized yearly loss of 2.27%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#76 'Flying Blind' Review: Downward Trajectory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#5 Who Says Elephants Can't Dance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#100 Who Says Elephants Can't Dance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#80 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#72 FDC Haggerstown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#20 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#61 Private Inequity: How a Powerful Industry Conquered the Tax System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#57 "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#55 3380 disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#24 IBM Remains Big Tech's Disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#7 The Rise of Private Equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#6 Financial Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#4 Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#68 How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#97 IBM Glory days
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wednesday Night Round table

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wednesday Night Round table
Date: 05 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
Wednesday Night Round table
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/wednesday-night-round-table-lynn-wheeler/

40 Years of the 'Fighter Mafia'. An informal group begun by Col. John Boyd and mathematician Tom Christie calls on the Pentagon to do more with less.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#18
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/boyd4.jpg

weds night roundtable

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
Date: 07 Oct 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
Stanford SLAC
https://www6.slac.stanford.edu/

SLAC also hosted the monthly BAYBUNCH meetings in the 70s & 80s ... and afterwards we would adjourn to oasis or one of the other local watering holes. also first web server in the us
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

SLAC sister lab to CERN ... shared a lot of stuff ... including bitslice processors with mainframe 370 architecture for running fortran that did initial data reduction along the line ... "168e" and "3081e"
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3069.pdf
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3680.pdf
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3753.pdf

... more than you ever wanted to know ... science center did virtual machines (cp40/cms, cp67/cms precursor to vm370) and GML was invented at science center in 1969, a decade later it morphs into ISO standard SGML, after another decade it morphs into HTML at CERN. a couple recent internet/network related posts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
sgml, gml, script, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

archived posts mentioning "z/VM Part 3" and/or "John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#31 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#73 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?

other recent archived posts mentioning SLAC and/or BAYBUNCH:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#18 Early Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#69 360/67 & DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#37 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#10 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#102 Mainframe Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#9 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#8 VM Workship ... VM/370 50th birthday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#72 WAIS. Z39.50
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#56 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#108 TCMs & IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#99 IBM Bookmaster, GML, SGML, HTML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#8 Cloud Timesharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#111 The Rise of DOS: How Microsoft Got the IBM PC OS Contract
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#109 Attackers exploit fundamental flaw in the web's security to steal $2 million in cryptocurrency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#107 15 Examples of How Different Life Was Before The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#93 HSDT Pitches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#89 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#55 Precursor to current virtual machines and containers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#36 Error Handling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#3 GML/SGML/HTML/Mosaic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#119 70s & 80s mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#106 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#104 DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#84 Happy 50th Birthday, EMAIL!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#31 What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#107 3277 graphics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#91 IBM XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#55 even an old mainframer can do it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#52 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#23 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#76 IBM OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#20 1401 MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#67 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#66 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#42 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#16 The Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#2 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#86 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#29 System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#81 The Golden Age of computer user groups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#50 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#52 Amdahl Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#40 If Memory Had Been Cheaper

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

F-35A fighters unreliable, 'unready 234 times over 18-month period'

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: F-35A fighters unreliable, 'unready 234 times over 18-month period'
Date: 07 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
F-35A fighters unreliable, 'unready 234 times over 18-month period'
https://english.almayadeen.net/news/politics/f-35a-fighters-unreliable-unready-234-times-over-18-month-pe
Lawmaker Says South Korea's F-35As Grounded By Malfunctions 172 Times Over 18 Months
https://theaviationist.com/2022/10/05/south-koreas-f-35as-grounded-by-malfunctions-172-times-over-18-months/

and then there is: F22 hangar empress (2009)
http://nypost.com/2009/07/17/cant-fly-wont-die/

Pilots call high-maintenance aircraft "hangar queens." Well, the F-22's a hangar empress. After three expensive decades in development, the plane meets fewer than one-third of its specified requirements. Anyway, an enemy wouldn't have to down a single F-22 to defeat it. Just strike the hi-tech maintenance sites, and it's game over. (In WWII, we didn't shoot down every Japanese Zero; we just sank their carriers.) The F-22 isn't going to operate off a dirt strip with a repair tent.

But this is all about lobbying, not about lobbing bombs. Cynically, Lockheed Martin distributed the F-22 workload to nearly every state, employing under-qualified sub-contractors to create local financial stakes in the program. Great politics -- but the result has been a quality collapse.


... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent archived posts mentioning F-35:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#58 Secret spending by the weapons industry is making us less safe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#25 Powerless F-35s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#15 China VSLI Foundry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#9 China VSLI Foundry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#101 The US's best stealth jets are pretty easy to spot on radar, but that doesn't make it any easier to stop them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#2 The Bunker: Pentagon Hardware Hijinks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#105 The Bunker: Pentagon Hardware Hijinks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#78 Future F-35 Upgrades Send Program into Tailspin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#90 Navy confirms video and photo of F-35 that crashed in South China Sea are real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#95 Finland picks F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#94 Finland picks F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#67 A Mini F-35?: Don't Go Crazy Over the Air Force's Stealth XQ-58A Valkyrie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#88 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#55 America's 'White Elephant': Why F-35 Stealth Jets Are USAF's 'Achilles Heel' Amid Growing Chinese Threats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#48 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#17 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#16 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#87 The Bunker: Follow All of the Money. F-35 Math 1.0 Another portent of problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#48 The F-35 Fighter Jet Program Must be Grounded to Protect Pilots and Tax Dollars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#88 The Bunker: More Rot in the Ranks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#46 SitRep: Is the F-35 officially a failure? Cost overruns, other issues prompt Air Force to look for "clean sheet" fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#35 US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#18 Did They Miss Yet Another F-35 Cost Overrun?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#77 Cancel the F-35, Fund Infrastructure Instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#0 THE PENTAGON'S FLYING FIASCO. Don't look now, but the F-35 is afterburnered toast
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#82 The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#11 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#102 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
Date: 08 Oct 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)

... well both CERN and SLAC were long time virtual machine (originated at ibm cambridge science center) mainframe accounts. much of the time at the science center was doing stuff in spite of mainstream IBM. As previously mentioned, 1st webserver in US was on SLAC's vm370/cms system. In 1974, CERN presented analysis comparison of VM370/CMS versus (mainstream IBM) MVS/TSO at (IBM) mainframe user group "SHARE"
https://www.share.org/

that were freely available outside IBM. Inside IBM, copies were classified as "IBM Confidential - Restricted" (2nd highest security classification), available on "need to know basis" only (not wanting employees to see how poorly, the mainstream product compared) ... especially since they were actively convincing corporate to kill the vm370/cms product.

some of the MIT/7094 CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
went to the 5th flr, project mac, and MULTICS.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics
(and folkore, UNIX done as a simplified version of MULTICS)

Others went to the 4th flr, IBM Cambridge Science Center, did lots of stuff, including virtual machine CP67/CMS, precursor to vm370 ... CMS interactive inherited some amount from CTSS.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

CMS SCRIPT document formater was rewrite of CTSS RUNOFF ... and then when GML was invented in 1969, GML "tag" processing was added to CMS SCRIPT.

There was some amount of (friendly) rivalry between 5th flr (MULTICS) and 4th flr (science center). After joining science center, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operator systems for internal datacenters. It wasn't fair to compare total number of installed (customer) systems w/MULTICS, or even the total number of internal systems w/MULTICS ... but at one point, I had more internal systems than the total number of MULTICS systems that ever existed.

gml/sgml(/html) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

also before msdos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was Seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before Seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing CP/M, kildall worked on CP/67-CMS at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM changes to retirement benefits

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM changes to retirement benefits
Date: 08 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits

Vin Learson was fighting the careerists and bureaucrats destroying Watson legacy in the early 70s ... it just took two decades for them to complete the job ... company has one of the largest losses in US corporate history and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

I had already left IBM, but get a call from the bowels of Armonk asking if could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of the MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts. However, before we get started, the board brings in a new CEO and reverses the breakup.

Along the way, I was getting email from former co-workers about top executives were spending all their time shifting expenses from the following year into the current year (instead of running the company). I ask our contact in Armonk. He says that the current year is in the red and they won't get their executive bonuses, but if they can shift enough expenses from the following year, to even just nudge it a little into the black, the way the executive bonus plan was written, they would get bonuses more than twice as large as any previous bonuses (effectively rewarded for taking the company into the red). ... more detail:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

AMEX is in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO (reverse IPO) of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president to help with RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Later IBM board hires former president of AMEX as new CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same tactics used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
above some IBM related specifics from
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

posts referencing pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

"John Boyd & IBM Wild Ducks" archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
Date: 09 Oct 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#56 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)

as mentioned, one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters, which I continued to do all through "FS" ... more "FS" here
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

part of decision to release some of my code (vm370) was that all through FS, 370 activities were being shutdown, then with the implosion of FS, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines. Original "wheeler scheduler" for vm370 release 3 was also guinea pig for starting to charge for kernel software, had a whole bunch of other stuff (including restructure of kernel for multiprocessor, but not the actual multiprocessor support). For Release 4, they wanted to ship multiprocessor support, but kernel charging guidelines was kernel hardware support was still free ... so something like 90% of the release 3 scheduler was moved into the "free" base, but the price for the (release 4) scheduler version remained the same
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/

more about amdahl hypervisor, amdahl macrocode, vm/ma, vm/sf, vm/xa, sie, pr/sm, lpar
http://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler

also we tried to get IBM to make offer to person that done unix mainframe port, wasn't succesful, person went to amdahl and did au/gold/uts. Former IBMer (behind HASP/JES2) was Amdahl "fellow" in Dallas ... and there was some comflict between Dallas and UTS effort; after some of the SLAC baybunch meetings, the Amdahl sunnyvale UTS people tried to drag me into the conflict (even tho I worked for IBM ... and not Amdahl).

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

archived part-2, part-4, wild ducks posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

other archived posts mentioning amdahl hypervisor &/or amdahl macrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#102 Mainframe Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#56 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#108 TCMs & IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#20 Service Processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#119 70s & 80s mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#106 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#4 IBM Lost Opportunities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#31 What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#91 IBM XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#67 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#56 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#78 IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#30 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#97 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#65 Intrigued by IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#54 Here's a horrifying thought for all you management types
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#43 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#46 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#88 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#81 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#80 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#70 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#37 IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#23 the legacy of Seymour Cray

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
Date: 10 Oct 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#56 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)

End of ACS/360, executives shut it down because they were afraid that it would advance state of the art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market. Amdahl leaves IBM shortly later. Towards end of article, lists some of the ACS/360 features that show up in ES/9000 more than 20yrs later
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Then in early/mid 70s is the future system project, completely different from 370 and was to completely replace it (internal politics killing off 370 efforts, lack of new 370 products during the period is credited with giving 370 clone makers, like Amdahl, their market foothold). When FS implodes, there is made rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 3033&3081 effort in parallel
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... (futher destroying Watson legacy):

and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with SYNCOPHANCY and MAKE NO WAVES under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

and from ...
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters. Besides wandering around IBM datacenters after joining IBM ... was still allowed to attend user group meetings and drop in on customers. The manager of one of the largest financial datacenters liked me to stop by and talk technology. At one point, the IBM branch manager horribly offended the customer ... and in retaliation they ordered an Amdahl system (lone Amdahl system in vast sea of "blue"). Amdahl had been selling into tech/science/university market, but this would be the first for commercial, "true blue" account. I was asked to go onsite at the customer for 6-12 months to help obfuscate why the customer was ordering an Amdahl system. I talk it over with the customer and then decline IBM's offer. I was then told that the branch manager was good sailing buddy of IBM CEO and if I didn't do this, I could forget having a career, promotions, and/or raises. It was one of many times that I was told I had no career, promotions, and/or raises ... also reminded that in IBM, "Business Ethics" was an Oxymoron.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

IBM 23jun1969 "unbundling" announcement started to charge for (application) software (IBM managed to make the case that kernel software should still be free), maintenance, SE services, etc. After the rise of clone 370 makers, during the FS period and its subsequent implosion, it was decided to transition to charging for kernel software. I was continued to do 360/370 all during FS (even periodically ridiculing what they were doing) and the mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines contributed to releasing a lot of my stuff ... first stuff in base VM370 Release 3 and then as "wheeler scheduler" (dynamic adaptive resource manager, about 90% wasn't directly scheduler), initial guinea pig for kernel software charging. some more mention:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/

23jun1969 unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling
fair share scheduling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

archive of some recent linkedin postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
Date: 10 Oct 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#56 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)

some 60s CP67 (precursor to vm370) ... did a lot of work on CP67 before graduating and joining IBM
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
archived copies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th

I didn't learn about these guys until after graduating and joining IBM ... before graduating, IBM would periodically suggest stuff that I might do and in retrospect they may have been responsible for some of the suggestions ... from long ago and far away
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

I would be asked to teach computer & security classes down in DC. One time they told me that they knew where I was every day of my life back to birth and challenged me to name any date (strange since didn't have any sort of clearance, I guess they justified since they ran a lot of my software, it was also before the Church commission). Once, I had been teaching all day and mid-afternoon, half the class quietly got up and left. I looked quizzical and was told I could look at it one of two ways: 1) half the class went up to the auditorium to listen to the VP or 2) half the class stayed to listen to me. Recently I was reading some books about Lansdale and for some reason there was reference to the VP going across the river to give a talk in the agency auditorium.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Long after leaving IBM was doing lots of stuff in financial industry including serving on financial industry standards body involving security and crypto ... and gov. was interested ... so would be asked to Ft. Meade and NIST ... but also couple times at Langley. Had to provide details before day of meetings ... and check in at the visitor center ... their visitor roster was on fanfold paper with vm370 separator page.

They were also active in SHARE,
https://www.share.org/
installation codes are three letters, mostly institution letters, but theirs were "CAD" (folklore: cloak and dagger). In aug1976, TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
provides their CMS-based online computer conferencing system "free" to SHARE as VMSHARE, archives here (with some amount of "CAD")
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

trivia: for fun of it, I attended some number HILLGANG meetings early last decade (at corporate location out in Herndon), Apr2011 I presented a talk on VM Performance History (that I had originally given at Oct86 SEAS meeting)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/hill0316g.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Datacenter Vulnerability

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Datacenter Vulnerability
Date: 11 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
In the mid-70s they consolidated all the IBM US HONE datacenters in Palo Alto ... it was "2nd floor", ground floor was parking (trivia when facebook moved into silicon valley, it was into new bldg built next door to the old consolidated US HONE datacenter).

After joining IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer (HONE provided online APL-based sales/marketing/field support applications, eventually expanding to HONE systems distributed all over the world).

Second half of the 70s, US HONE was enhanced to eight single-system-image, loosely-coupled, shared data systems, each system having two processors ... with load-balancing and fall-over across the complex (I considered largest in the world). In early 80s (because of earthquake danger), it was expanded to a 2nd load-balancing/fall-over center in Dallas and then a 3rd in Boulder. Periodically mention that IBM didn't release similar support to customers until 2009.

HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Late 80s, got involved in doing HA/6000, originally for NYTimes to migrate their newspaper system off VAXCluster to RS/6000. I rename it HA/CMP when I start doing technical "cluster scaleup" with national labs and commercial "cluster scaleup" with RDBMS vendors (Sybase, Oracle, Ingres, Informix; they had VAXCluster support in same source base as Unix ... so do APIs that implement VAXCluster semantics to ease the transition). I then coin disaster survivability and geographic survivability when out marketing; was then asked to write a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document (it got pulled when both Rochester/AS400 and POK/mainframe complain that they couldn't meet the objectives).

Jan1992 have meeting with Oracle CEO about cluster scaleup with 16 processor available mid-92 and 128 processor available ye-92. A couple weeks later, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (we leave IBM a few months later).

IBM High Availability Cluster Multiprocessor
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing
ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
availability posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM DPD

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM DPD
Date: 12 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
IBM DPD mid/late 70s to early 80s
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/dpd50/dpd50_chronology5.html

During the 1st part of the 70s, IBM was doing the Future System project, completely different from 370 and was going to completely replace it. Internal politics was killing 370 efforts and the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with giving 370 clone makers their market foothold. I continued to work on 360&370 stuff all during the FS period, even periodically ridiculing what they were doing (which wasn't exactly a career enhancing activity). When FS implodes, there is mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts in parallel. The head of POK also convinces corporate to kill the vm/370 product, close the development group and move all the people to POK to work on MVS/XA (otherwise, MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time in the 80s) ... Endicott eventually manages to save the vm/370 product mission, but has to reconstitute a development group from scratch. Further FS info:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

... and from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... (further destroying Watson legacy):

"and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive."

... snip ...

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

longer version of the downward slide from early 70s to 1992
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
also archived
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

IBM has one of the largest losses in US corporate history and being re-orged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

trivia: VS/PC was originally going to be called PCO (personal computing option) until somebody from EMEA bought up issue with those 3-letters. PCO also had a project that claimed to emulate PCO performance running different kinds of benchmarks ... and the VM370/CMS were required to duplicate those emulated benchmarks ... always failing to match the emulated claimed performance. However, when they finally had operational PCO, they find that the emulated "performance" claims bore no resemblance to the real PCO performance (and easily beat by the real VM370/CMS benchmarks).

other trivia: My wife had been asked by Evans to do evaluation of 8100 ... shortly later it was de-committed

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM DPD

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM DPD
Date: 12 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD

Within year of taking 2 semester hr intro to fortran/computers, univ hires me fulltime responsible for os/360 (they had been sold 360/67 for tss/360, but were running as 360/65). Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computing Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed and boxes constantly staged in hallways around machine room. Lots of politics between Renton director and CFO (who only had 360/30 up at Boeing field for payroll, although they enlarge the room to install a 360/67 for me to play with when I'm not doing other stuff). Also disaster plan to duplicate Renton up at new 747 plant in Everett (scenario where Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud slide takes out Renton datacenter). IBMer I remember mostly dealing with was John Maloof. When I graduate, I join IBM cambridge science center (instead of staying at Boeing).

Something like three decades later (and having left IBM) was invited into BCS (Bellevue) about how to get Boeing off IBM cad/cam ... IBM had sold them Dassault's CATIA ... they complained about having to send bug reports to IBM STL and STL sends them to Dassault, which might have questions that had to be routed back through STL. That was beside the fact that they building huge list of new enhancements that they needed and not getting any response. They felt being forced to reverse engineer all the CATIA files, extract the data and implement their own enhancements. Some grousing that it was all part of putting US airplane competition at disadvantage.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CATIA#History

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and (DPD) HONE (world-wide online sales&marketing support) was long time customer.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

posts mentioning catia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#32 IBM Graphical Workstation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#110 ROMP & Displaywriter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#53 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#47 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#28 MCTS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#56 Why not an IBM zSeries workstation?

other recent posts mentioning Boeing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#26 Why Things Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#11 360 Powerup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#31 Technology Flashback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#13 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#10 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#9 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#110 Window Display Ground Floor Datacenters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#106 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#100 IBM Stretch (7030) -- Aggressive Uniprocessor Parallelism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#95 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#91 Short-term profits and long-term consequences -- did Jack Welch break capitalism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#57 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#19 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#72 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#42 Why did Dennis Ritchie write that UNIX was a modern implementation of CTSS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#8 Cloud Timesharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#2 IBM 2250 Graphics Display
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#0 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#126 Google Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#117 Downfall: The Case Against Boeing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#27 Dataprocessing Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#10 Seattle Dataprocessing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#120 Series/1 VTAM/NCP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#109 Not counting dividends IBM delivered an annualized yearly loss of 2.27%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#73 MVT storage management issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#48 Mainframe Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#30 CP67 and BPS Loader
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#22 IBM IBU (Independent Business Unit)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#12 Programming Skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#70 'Flying Blind' Review: Downward Trajectory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#55 System Availability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#64 addressing and protection, was Paper about ISO C
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#63 IBM 360s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#89 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#6 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#64 WWII Pilot Barrel Rolls Boeing 707
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#35 IBM/PC 12Aug1981
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#6 IBM 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#78 The Long-Forgotten Flight That Sent Boeing Off Course
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#57 "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#20 1401 MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#16 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#80 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#55 SHARE (& GUIDE)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#54 Learning PDP-11 in 2021
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#51 IBM Hardest Problem(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#34 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#2 Colours on screen (mainframe history question)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#62 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#40 IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#5 Availability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#67 IBM Education Classes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#48 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#45 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Massachusetts, Boeing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Massachusetts, Boeing
Date: 12 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
I remember when I 1st moved to Mass, that month cal. legislature passed bill that required state highway patrol to have at least junior college degree and mass. legislature defeated a bill that would have required state highway patrol to have at least high school degree.

I'm a little biased about Boeing having worked for them in the past ... merger w/MD brought with it the financiers' military-industrial complex success of failure culture. The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout

Unlike Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas executives some how took power in what analysts started calling a "reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought Boeing with Boeing's money."

... snip ...

Crash Course
https://newrepublic.com/article/154944/boeing-737-max-investigation-indonesia-lion-air-ethiopian-airlines-managerial-revolution

Sorscher had spent the early aughts campaigning to preserve the company's estimable engineering legacy. He had mountains of evidence to support his position, mostly acquired via Boeing's 1997 acquisition of McDonnell Douglas, a dysfunctional firm with a dilapidated aircraft plant in Long Beach and a CEO who liked to use what he called the Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers: Hire them for a few months when project deadlines are nigh, fire them when you need to make numbers. In 2000, Boeing's engineers staged a 40-day strike over the McDonnell deal's fallout; while they won major material concessions from management, they lost the culture war. They also inherited a notoriously dysfunctional product line from the corner-cutting market gurus at McDonnell.

... snip ...

Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism. Deregulation means a company once run by engineers is now in the thrall of financiers and its stock remains high even as its planes fall from the sky
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/11/boeing-capitalism-deregulation

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

Boeing/MD merger:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#91 Short-term profits and long-term consequences -- did Jack Welch break capitalism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#117 Downfall: The Case Against Boeing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#109 Not counting dividends IBM delivered an annualized yearly loss of 2.27%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#69 'Flying Blind' Review: Downward Trajectory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#40 Boeing Built an Unsafe Plane, and Blamed the Pilots When It Crashed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#78 The Long-Forgotten Flight That Sent Boeing Off Course
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#57 "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#87 Congress demands records from Boeing to investigate lapses in production quality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#70 Boeing CEO Said Board Moved Quickly on MAX Safety; New Details Suggest Otherwise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#40 IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#153 At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#151 OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#39 Crash Course
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#33 Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM DPD

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM DPD
Date: 13 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#63 IBM DPD

Note: my 1st trips overseas fresh out of college, was being asked to go along for HONE system installs in world trade.

Later part of the 70s, HONE (online, world-wide sales&marketing support applications) went through a series of new executives, branch manager promoted to executive position in DPD dqtrs, discover to their horror that HONE wasn't MVS based and figure that they could "make their career" by directing HONE to move to MVS, directing all hands to work on the conversion. After 9-12 months, it would be shown it wouldn't work, declared a success, heads "roll" uphill, and after a few months, it would be repeated. Some what the result of significant issues how information was managed inside IBM. In 1974, CERN did a study comparing MVS and VM370 presented at mainframe user group SHARE
https://www.share.org/
and copies made freely available. However inside IBM, copies were stamped "IBM Confidential - Restricted" (2nd highest security classification), available on "need to know" only (controlling analysis of IBM product information available to IBM employees).

Also after the turn of that decade, a DSD/POK executive gave HONE a presentation on future of POK products and said that while Endicott had saved vm370 product, vm370 would no longer be supported on POK machines. This caused such an uproar, he had to come back and explain how HONE had misunderstood what he had said (remember head of POK had previously convinced corporate to kill the VM370 product, shutdown the development group, and move all the people to POK to work on MVS/XA ... claiming otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't be able to ship on time)

Then strategy was changed, HONE was asked if they had MOU from my management chain, committing resources supporting the enhanced system HONE was running ... and then directing HONE to convert to non-enhanced systems (because what would they do if I was hit by a bus ... or possibly more likely if I was fired by the executive committee) ... also assuming they couldn't convert to MVS was because of my enhancements (forcing conversion to standard product, it would be much easier to then convert to MVS).

some HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

some related recent postings
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
and archived posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

In AUG1976, TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
made their CMS-based online computer conferencing system available "free" to SHARE as VMSHARE ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get a monthly complete tape dump of all VMSHARE files for making available on IBM internal systems and network (one of the hardest problems was IBM lawyers concerned IBM employees would be contaminated exposed to comments/postings by customers).

... for numerous transgressions I was made direct report to somebody that became head of workstation IBU (independent business unit) ... he didn't last long ... got into serious conflict with hdqtrs that wanted to seriously kneecap the machines ... and left IBM and formed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HAL_Computer_Systems

posts mentioning 801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Dress Code

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Dress Code
Date: 14 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
After joining IBM, I drank the koolaid and wore 3piece suits for customers ... however after being told I had no career (because I wouldn't take part of a coverup for the CEO's good sailing buddy) ... after that, never bothered again. Besides hobby of doing enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... and wandering around internal datacenters ... I spent some amount of time at user group meetings (like SHARE) and wandering around customers. Director of one of the largest (customer) financial datacenters liked me to drop in and talk technology. At one point, the branch manager horribly offended the customer and in retaliation, they ordered an Amdahl machine (lonely clone 370 in a vast sea of "blue). Up until then Amdahl had been selling into univ. & tech/scientific markets, but clone 370s had yet to break into the IBM true-blue commercial market ... and this would be the first. I got asked to go spend a year on site at the customer to obfuscate the reason for the Amdahl order. I talked it over with the customer and said while he would like to have me there it would have no affect on the decision, so I declined the offer.

I was then told that the branch manager was good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO and if I didn't do this, I could forget having IBM career, promotions or raises. Since I was already being told that for continuing to work on 360/370 and periodically ridiculing Future System ... it didn't seem to make a lot of difference. Some customers would even comment that it was refreshing change from the IBM "empty suits"

... eventually transferred from cambridge science center to San Jose Research ... lived a mile down cottle rd ... and would walk to/from work (except days I would also go down to STL, in which case I road my bike). It was sidewalk most of the way except the broad swath that had been reserved for building highway 85 ... which was dirt on the shoulder ... except for a couple months of the rainy season when it turned to mud (numerous times got complaints about tracking mud around halls of bldg28, hiking boot lugged soles that mud got stuck in). Later, I was also provided with most of a wing in IBM Los Gatos lab ... and I would drive.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
archived Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

empty suit &/or IBM Dress code posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#85 Bizarre Career Events
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#66 IBM CEO Story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#68 IBM Suits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#27 Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#38 IBM Dress Code, was DEC dress code

related posts over in linkedin
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/lynnwheeler_john-boyd-usaf-the-fighter-pilot-who-changed-activity-6807163421579186176-ZO9G/
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/lynnwheeler_innovation-management-future-activity-6955256629466398720-AkPQ/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
Date: 14 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
30 years of Management Briefings, 1958-1988
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/generalInfo/IBM_Thirty_Years_of_Mangement_Briefings_1958-1988.pdf

I've frequently quoted Number 1-72, 18Jan, 1972, pg160-162 (includes THINK magazine article) including here in this post,
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

IBM Chairman Learson trying to block the rise of the (old boy) careerists and bureaucrats destroying the Watson legacy:

Management Briefing
Number 1-72: January 18,1972
ZZ04-1312

TO ALL IBM MANAGERS:

Once again, I'm writing you a Management Briefing on the subject of bureaucracy. Evidently the earlier ones haven't worked. So this time I'm taking a further step: I'm going directly to the individual employees in the company. You will be reading this poster and my comment on it in the forthcoming issue of THINK magazine. But I wanted each one of you to have an advance copy because rooting out bureaucracy rests principally with the way each of us runs his own shop.

We've got to make a dent in this problem. By the time the THINK piece comes out, I want the correction process already to have begun. And that job starts with you and with me.

Vin Learson


... and text rendition of Learson's poster:


+-----------------------------------------+
|           "BUSINESS ECOLOGY"            |
|                                         |
|                                         |
|            +---------------+            |
|            |  BUREAUCRACY  |            |
|            +---------------+            |
|                                         |
|           is your worst enemy           |
|              because it -               |
|                                         |
|      POISONS      the mind              |
|      STIFLES      the spirit            |
|      POLLUTES     self-motivation       |
|             and finally                 |
|      KILLS        the individual.       |
+-----------------------------------------+


"I'M Going To Do All I Can to Fight This Problem . . ." by T. Vincent Learson, Chairman
then 1973 poster:

How to Stuff a Wild Duck

We are convinced that any business needs its wild ducks. And in IBM we try not to tame them.
-- T.J. Watson, Jr.

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#87 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#64 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#60 IBM CEO: Only 60% of office workers will ever return full-time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#44 IBM Chairman John Opel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#15 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#89 Short-term profits and long-term consequences -- did Jack Welch break capitalism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#76 "12 O'clock High" In IBM Management School
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#71 IBM Z16 - The Mainframe Is Dead, Long Live The Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#52 Another IBM Down Fall thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#35 IBM Business Conduct Guidelines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#51 Intel rumored to be in talks to buy chip manufacturer GlobalFoundries for $30B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#32 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#62 IBM / How To Stuff A Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#51 IBM Hardest Problem(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#0 IBM "Wild Ducks"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#23 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#109 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#56 Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#19 Where to Flatten the Officer Corps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#11 How do we fight bureaucracy and bureaucrats in IBM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#92 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Datacenter Vulnerability

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Datacenter Vulnerability
Date: 15 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#61 Datacenter Vulnerability

Some HONE trivia: later part of the 70s, HONE (online, world-wide sales&marketing support applications) went through a series of new executives, branch manager promoted to executive position in DPD dqtrs, discovered to their horror that HONE wasn't MVS based and figured that they could "make their career" by directing HONE to move to MVS, directing all hands to work on the conversion. After 9-12 months, it would be shown it wouldn't work, declared a success, heads "rolled" uphill, and after a few months, it would be repeated.

Some of this was the result of significant issues how information was managed inside IBM. In 1974, CERN did a study comparing MVS and VM370 presented at mainframe user group SHARE
https://www.share.org/

and copies made freely available. However inside IBM, copies were stamped "IBM Confidential - Restricted" (2nd highest security classification), available on "need to know" only (controlling IBM products analysis available to IBM employees).

Also after the turn of that decade, a DSD/POK executive gave HONE a presentation on future of POK products and said that while Endicott had saved vm370 product, vm370 would no longer be supported on POK machines. This caused such an uproar, he had to come back and explain how HONE had misunderstood what he had said (remember head of POK had previously convinced corporate to kill the VM370 product, shutdown the development group, and move all the people to POK to work on MVS/XA ... claiming otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't be able to ship on time)

Then strategy was changed, HONE was asked if they had MOU from my management chain, committing resources supporting the enhanced system HONE was running ... and then directing HONE to convert to non-enhanced systems (because what would they do if I was hit by a bus ... or possibly expected I might be fired by the executive committee for various transgressions, including blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network) ... also assuming they couldn't convert to MVS was because of my enhancements (a forced conversion to standard product, it might be much easier to then convert to MVS).

HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

somewhat related:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
post+comments archived
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

posts mentioning POK killing vm/370 product:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#17 What's different, was Why did Dennis Ritchie write that UNIX was a modern implementation of CTSS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#10 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#86 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#63 IBM Software Charging Rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#9 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#60 VM/370 Turns 50 2Aug2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#56 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#55 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#101 IBM 4300, VS1, VM370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#84 VMworkshop.og 2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#45 IBM deliberately misclassified mainframe sales to enrich execs, lawsuit claims
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#98 Virtual Machine SIE instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#82 Virtual Machine SIE instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#55 Precursor to current virtual machines and containers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#33 138/148
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#29 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#119 70s & 80s mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#89 IBM PROFs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#49 VM/SP crashing all over the place
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#4 IBM 370 and Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#91 IBM XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#53 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#64 CMS Support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#56 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#75 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#57 ES/9000 as POK was being scaled way back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#39 If Memory Had Been Cheaper

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe and/or Cloud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe and/or Cloud
Date: 15 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
Early/mid 80s, majority of IBM revenue was mainframe related, but late 80s saw significant move off mainframe and by 1992, IBM has one of the large losses in US corporate history and was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (the board brings in new CEO that reverses the breakup). Mid-90s, one of the mainframe holdouts was financial industry and spending billions on "straight-through" processing, parallelized on large numbers of "killer micros". All transactions were being queued for (legacy) batch execution in the overnight batch window. Combination of increased workload and globalization cutting the overnight window, was resulting in processing running over the window. Some of us advised them that they were using standard parallelization libraries that had 100 times the overhead of (mainframe) batch cobol (that would swamp the large number of killer micros), but were ignored. Things finally went up in flames when major pilots were deployed. The resulting executive scars predicted that it would decades before it was tried again.

A decade later I was involved in a cluster RDBMS-based high level financial business rules application that reduced the business rules (like financial transactions) to fine-grain SQL transaction that were easily parallelized (leveraging the enormous optimization done by cluster RDBMS vendors, including IBM). Modest clusters provided transaction processing that easily exceeded any mainframe configuration. It initially saw high acceptance, but then hit brickwall (the scarred executives from the 90s).

straight-through processing and/or overnight batch window
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#58 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#73 lock me up, was IBM Mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#11 IBM z16: Built to Build the Future of Your Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#56 Fujitsu confirms end date for mainframe and Unix systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#3 Final Rules of Thumb on How Computing Affects Organizations and People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#123 Mainframe "Peak I/O" benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#58 Card Associations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#30 VM370, 3081, and AT&T Long Lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#87 UPS & PDUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#10 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#18 IBM email migration disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#155 Book on monopoly (IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#62 Cobol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#85 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#37 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#3 Somewhat Interesting Mainframe Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#11 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#39 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe and/or Cloud

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe and/or Cloud
Date: 15 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#69 Mainframe and/or Cloud

Report was turn of the century, mainframe hardware revenue was few percent of IBM bottom line (and dropping). EC12 time-frame (2012), mainframe revenue was a couple percent of IBM bottom line (and still dropping), but mainframe group was 25% of IBM bottom line (and 40% of profit), primarily software and services.

... late 90s (after leaving IBM) was brought into cal. state to help word smith some legislation. One of the things they were looking at was consumer threats. One of the major consumer threats were institutional breaches where criminals were using the information for fraudulent financial transactions and little or nothing was being done (normally security efforts are made in self protection, but in these situations, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public). Cal. breach notification legislation hoped that the resulting publicity would motivate institutions to take security measures to protect the public. Then several years while dozen (state pre-emption) federal breach notification bills were introduced, about evenly divided between those similar to the cal legislation and those worded in such away that criteria would rarely be met to require notification. Then there was financial industry proposal floated that if institution met an industry security certification, it wouldn't be subject to breach notification. Lots of institutions got security certification and then had a breach which the industry would immediately revoke the certification (joke about security certified institution were all those that just hadn't been breached yet).

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

... trivia: after leaving IBM, was invited in to look at how the original BASEL2 draft might be implemented ... especially the new qualitative section (in addition to quantitative numbers) ... however during draft review, banks pretty much obliterated the new qualitative section ... and BASEL2 became mostly adjusting quantitative numbers.

Jan1999 I had been asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). I had been told some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crisis, where then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hyper, IPO for a couple billion, needed to fail to leave the field clear for the next round of IPOs, and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages. Spreading enough money, they were able to get around every countermeasure. Jan2009, I was asked to web'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulting in jail terms) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what was done this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile, but then get a call that it wouldn't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).

basel II definition with note about what made it through the draft review wasn't able to handle the economic mess
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/baselii.asp

s&l crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
encomic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
pecora hearing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

posts mentioning basel2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#53 IMS Stories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#74 Led by donkeys: Bank boardrooms lack computer literacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#72 IMS Stories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#116 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#28 Stop Romanticizing Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#87 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#21 How Corrupt Is the American Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#10 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#86 A Little More on the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#21 Zombie Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#65 Why (my, all) financial systems fail -- information complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#12 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#70 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#68 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#56 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#53 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#70 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#65 the Federal Reserve, was Re: Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#47 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#53 We Can't Subsidize the Banks Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#46 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#37 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#34 Board Visibility Into The Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#42 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#4 Basel Committee outlines plans to strengthen Basel II

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe and/or Cloud

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe and/or Cloud
Date: 15 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#69 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#70 Mainframe and/or Cloud

science center did CP67 (precursor to VM370) in the 60s and there was lots of work to make it available 7x24 and reduce costs, especially during lightly loaded periods (initially offshift and weekends) by CSC and a couple of the commercial online CP67 service bureaus spinoffs from the science center. Part of the work was lots of automation for dark room operation without any operator present, including be able to automagically re-ipl whenever there was a failure. This was back in the days when IBM mainframes were rented/leased with charges based on the "system meter" that ran whenever a processor and/or a channel was busy. One of the early items was special terminal channel programs that would let the channel go idle (allow system meter to stop whenever system was idle), but were instantly on whenever there was any arriving characters. NOTE: system meter required everything to be idle for 400ms before it stopped; long after IBM had switched from rent/lease to sales, MVS still had a timer task that went off every 400ms making sure the "system meter" *never* stopped.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

trivia: In 1980, STL was bursting at the seams and was moving 300 people from the IMS group to an offsite bldg with dataprocessing back to STL datacenter. They had tried "remote" 3270 support, but found the human factors totally unacceptable compared to (direct channel attached controller) 3270 support in STL. I get con'ed into doing channel extender support allowing channel-attached 3270 controllers to be placed at the offsite building resulting in no human factors difference between offsite and in STL. The hardware vendor then tries to get IBM to release my support to customers, but there is group in POK that is playing with some serial stuff and get it vetoed (they were afraid that if it was in the market, it would make it hardware to get their stuff released). Then in 1988, the IBM branch office gets me to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were working with, which quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (FCS, including some stuff I had done in 1980), 1gbit, full duplex, 2gbit/sec, 200mbyte/sec aggregate. Then the POK people get their stuff released in 1990 as ESCON (17mbytes/sec) when it is already obsolete. Then some POK engineers becomes involved with FCS and define a heavy-duty protocol that radically reduces the native I/O throughput, that is eventually announced as FICON.

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

The most recent published FICON numbers I can find is z196 "peak I/O" benchmark that got 2M IOPS using 104 FICON. At the same time, a FCS was announced for E5-2600 blade getting over million IOPS (two such FCS getting higher throughput than 104 FICON). Note also max configured $30M z196 got 50BIPS (industry standard number of iterations compared to 370/158 assumed to be 1MIP machine) or $600,000/BIPS, while same time cloud standard E5-2600 blade got 500BIPS (ten times max configured $30M z196) ... which had an IBM based list price of $1815 or $3.60/BIPS. For a couple decades now, large cloud operators have been claiming they assemble their own sysems for 1/3rd the price of brand name systems (1/3rd $3.60/BIPS would be $1.20/BIPS compared to $600,000/BIPS z196) ... there has been such a drastic cut in system costs that major expense for large cloud megadatacenters has become power and cooling.

FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017
z15, 190 processors, 190BIPS* (1000MIPS/proc), Sep2019

• pubs say z15 1.25 times z14 (1.25*150BIPS or 190BIPS)
• z16, 200?? processors, ???BIPS (???MIPS/proc),


max configured z16 is 4-5 times max configured z196 while current cloud blades are more than 10 times 2010 e5-2600.

trivia: about the same time server hardware vendors announced that they were shipping at least half their product directly to cloud megadatacenters, IBM sells off its server business (cloud megadatacenters building their own blade servers for 1/3rd price of brand name servers, significantly commoditizing computing). A large cloud operation will have dozen or more megadatacenters around the world, each megadatacenter with half million or more servers (and each server more than ten times processing of a max configured mainframe). A megadatacenter also has enormous automation, each staffed with 80-120 people (rather than people/server its thousands of servers/person).

megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe and/or Cloud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe and/or Cloud
Date: 16 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#69 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#70 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#71 Mainframe and/or Cloud

Large cloud have large (hdqtrs) staff of experts ... their own hardware server system assemblers, megadatacenters design, system implementors (security, automation, even specialized operating systems and chip design, etc). Like everywhere else, some clients might not correctly deploy/configure the tools provided.

Lots of legacy may have evolved over decades ... and they may no longer even have the staffs that know why things are, the way they are

megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

Boyd reference
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
got me involved in lots of stuff I had no prior experience. Couple yrs ago at presentation by commander of growlers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_EA-18G_Growler
He said that proficient A6-prowler pilots
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northrop_Grumman_EA-6B_Prowler
were taking a year to become proficient in Growler digital cockpit (although youngsters that grew up on video games were picking it up faster).

there have been lots of past references that proficient (REAL) programmers ... don't think in natural language and then translate to computers ... but think directly in computer concepts & programming languages.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

other past references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#69 360/67 & DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#46 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 16 Oct 2022 14:33:58 -1000
zero <zero@internet.invalid> writes:

I just stumbled upon this Computer Chronicles episode
https://youtu.be/10b6RYxt2pg?t=800
that demos the Dialog service, a database that was accessible online with broad subjects of information.


re:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ProQuest_Dialog
https://web.archive.org/web/20050123104257/http://www.dialog.com/about/history/pioneers1.pdf
https://web.archive.org/web/20050115000851/http://www.dialog.com/about/history/pioneers2.pdf

former co-worker was consulting for them (when they were still owned by lockheed) ... was invited to stop by and visit a couple times.

posts mentioning dialog.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#16 Early Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#4 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#64 The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#36 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#28 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#90 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#39 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#47 Graph of total world disk space over time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#46 Old datasearches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#24 Old datasearches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#0 Search for Joseph A. Fisher VLSI Publication (1981)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe and/or Cloud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe and/or Cloud
Date: 17 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#69 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#70 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#71 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud

Early/mid 80s, majority of IBM revenue came from mainframe hardware. Turn of century, claim was mainframe hardware was only a few percent of IBM revenue (and dropping). Around 2012, analysis was mainframe hardware was only a couple percent of IBM revenue (and still dropping), but mainframe group was 25% of IBM revenue (and 40% of profit) ... nearly all software and services.

Late 80s, senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal, communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed (mainframe) datacenter walls and was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. The disk division was seeing drop in disk sales with data fleeing mainframe datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms. The disk division had come up with number of solutions which were all constantly vetoed by the communication group.

The communication group stranglehold on mainframe datacenters was affecting the whole mainframe business and a couple years later, IBM has one of the largest losses in US corporate history. The company was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company ... gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback machine.
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

had already left IBM, but get a call from the bowels of Armonk asking if could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts. However, before getting started, the board brings in a new CEO and reverses the breakup.

As alternative strategy (the communication group stranglehold only extended to IBM products), the GPD/Adstar VP of software was investing in distributing computing startups that would use IBM disks ... and he would periodically ask us to drop by his investments to see if we could provide any assistance (but wasn't sufficient to counteract the communication group).

... note IBM doesn't make disks ... even "CKD DASD" hasn't been made for decades ... "CKD DASD" all being simulated on industry standard fixed block disks. In addition to I/O overhead of CKD simulation ... as mentioned upthread, FICON is heavy weight protocol on fibre channel standard (FCS) that drastically cuts the native throughput.

recent post and comments related to communication group fighting off client/server and distributed computing
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1762066197481745/
refences
https://www.facebook.com/groups/internetoldfarts/posts/627231978924024/
and
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/

CKD, FBA, DASD, multi-track search
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd
FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon
posts mentioning communicaton group (& its stranglehold)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
posts mentioning IBM new CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

other recent posts mentioning "baby blue" reorg:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#106 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#87 IBM ITOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#84 Demolition of Iconic IBM Country Club Complex "Imminent"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#45 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#36 Death By Powerpoint
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#11 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#4 What is IBM SNA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#3 COBOL and tricks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#85 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#83 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#65 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#64 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#46 IBM Chairman John Opel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#45 IBM Chairman John Opel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#35 IBM 37x5 Boxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#23 IBM "nine-net"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#20 3270 Trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#19 IBM "Fast-Track" Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#4 Retiree sues IBM alleging shortchanged benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#107 Short-term profits and long-term consequences -- did Jack Welch break capitalism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#106 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#104 IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#102 IBM Stretch (7030) -- Aggressive Uniprocessor Parallelism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#75 "12 O'clock High" In IBM Management School
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#70 IBM Z16 - The Mainframe Is Dead, Long Live The Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#54 Another IBM Down Fall thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#53 Another IBM Down Fall thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#49 IBM Dug A Hole
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#40 AMEX, First Data, & IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#36 IBM Business Conduct Guidelines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#23 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#110 Financial longevity that redhat gives IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#102 IBM Bookmaster, GML, SGML, HTML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#98 IBM Systems Revenue Put Into a Historical Context
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#64 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#47 IBM deliberately misclassified mainframe sales to enrich execs, lawsuit claims
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#40 After IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#38 After IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#23 Telum & z16
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#18 IBM Left Behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#13 IBM z16: Built to Build the Future of Your Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#11 IBM z16: Built to Build the Future of Your Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#107 15 Examples of How Different Life Was Before The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#90 Computer BUNCH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#78 Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#75 Frameworks Quagmire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#73 IBM Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#63 Mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#60 IBM cannot kill this age-discrimination lawsuit linked to CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#56 Fujitsu confirms end date for mainframe and Unix systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#52 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#51 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#6 On why it's CR+LF and not LF+CR [ASR33]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#123 SHARE LSRAD Report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#110 Not counting dividends IBM delivered an annualized yearly loss of 2.27%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#102 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#88 Virtual Machine SIE instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#54 Automated Benchmarking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#53 Automated Benchmarking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#47 IBM Conduct
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#126 The Network Nation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#123 Mainframe "Peak I/O" benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#117 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#79 IBM Fridays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#76 'Flying Blind' Review: Downward Trajectory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#25 Twelve O'clock High at IBM Training
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#18 IBM's social media policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#113 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#100 Who Says Elephants Can't Dance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#96 IBM 3278
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#76 IBM 370 and Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#74 IBM 3278
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#70 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#68 MTS, 360/67, FS, Internet, SNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#79 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#64 Virtual Machine Debugging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#47 vs/pascal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#93 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#1 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#51 Intel rumored to be in talks to buy chip manufacturer GlobalFoundries for $30B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#45 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#33 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#31 IBM Programming Projects
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#20 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#18 IBM email migration disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#61 Private Inequity: How a Powerful Industry Conquered the Tax System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#57 "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#55 3380 disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#47 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#32 IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#24 IBM Remains Big Tech's Disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#7 The Rise of Private Equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#6 Financial Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#4 Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#16 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#68 How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#15 The Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#95 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#63 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#97 IBM Glory days
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#9 IBM Kneecapping products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#7 IBM & Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#79 IBM Disk Division
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#39 IBM Tech
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#26 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RS/6000 (and some mainframe)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
Date: 17 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
I periodically tell the story that 3090 had originally sized the number of channels assuming new 3880 disk controller was as fast as the old 3830 controller but able to handle 3mbyte/sec transfers. When they found out how bad the 3880 channel busy overhead really was, they realized that they had to significantly increase the number of channels (to offset the significant 3880 channel busy overhead). The increase in channels also required adding an additional TCM ... and the 3090 group would semi-facetiously say they were going to bill the 3880 controller group for the increase in 3090 manufacturing costs. Marketing eventually respins the huge increase in number of 3090 channels as it being a marvelous I/O machine. Surprising how many IBMers drank that koolaid.

1980, STL was bursting at the seams and was moving 300 people from the IMS group to an offsite bldg with dataprocessing back to STL datacenter. They had tried "remote" 3270 support, but found the human factors totally unacceptable compared to (direct channel attached controller) 3270 support in STL. I get con'ed into doing channel extender support allowing channel-attached 3270 controllers to be placed at the offsite building resulting in no human factors difference between offsite and in STL. The hardware vendor then tries to get IBM to release my support to customers, but there is group in POK that is playing with some serial stuff and get it vetoed (they were afraid that if it was in the market, it would make it hardware to get their stuff released).

Then in 1988, the IBM branch office gets me to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were working with, which quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (FCS, including some stuff I had done in 1980), started at 1gbit, full duplex, 2gbit/sec, 200mbyte/sec aggregate. Then the POK people get their stuff released with ES/9000 in 1990 as ESCON (17mbytes/sec) when it is already obsolete. Then some POK engineers become involved with FCS and define a heavy-duty protocol that radically reduces the native I/O throughput, that is eventually announced as FICON.

Initially RS/6000 shipped with SLA ... basically souped-up, inexpensive ESCON (faster, full-duplex, etc) ... but incompatible. We eventually managed to convince a high-speed router vendor (router products with large number of fast ethernet ports, mainframe channel support, T1&T3 telco ports, FDDI, etc) to add SLA as an option (so RS/6000 could use SLA and interoperate with the rest of the world). The SLA engineer then wanted to do an enhanced (incompatible) 800mbit/sec SLA ... but we managed to talk AWD into going with (native) FSC (standard, starting at 1gbit full-duplex, 2gbit/200mbyte aggregate) instead.

Trivia: AWD had done their own (AT, 16bit bus) 4mbit token-ring card for the PC/RT. AWD then was told for microchannel RS/6000, they were restricted to the severely performance kneecapped PS2 microchannel cards; for instance the microchannel PS2 16mbit token-ring card had lower card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card (one reason that CAT5 ethernet ran rings around 16mbit token-ring configurations).

1992, RS/6000 had FCS cards and there was a 64 port non-blocking FCS switches planning on using for high-speed disk I/O with HA/CMP. Late 80s, it started out as HA/6000, originally for NYTIMES to move their newspaper system (ATEX) off DEC VAXCluster to RS/6000. I had renamed it HA/CMP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing

when I start doing technical "cluster scaleup" with national labs and commercial "cluster scaleup" with RDBMS vendors (Sybase, Oracle, Ingres, Informix; they had VAXCluster support in same source base as Unix ... so do APIs that implement VAXCluster semantics to ease the transition). I then coin disaster survivability and geographic survivability when out marketing; was then asked to write a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document (it got pulled when both Rochester/AS400 and POK/mainframe complain that they couldn't meet the objectives). Jan1992 have meeting with Oracle CEO about cluster scaleup with 16 processor available mid-92 and 128 processor available ye-92. A couple weeks later, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (we leave IBM a few months later).

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
availability posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#availability
801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
CKD, FBA, DASD, multi-track search posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

channel extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
ficon posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

some more discussion on IBM mainframe channel in this post
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/

some recent refs mentioning the linkedin posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#85 IBM CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Turoff Passes ... EIES, Network Nation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Turoff Passes ... EIES, Network Nation
Date: 18 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
Murray Turoff
https://www.ithistory.org/honor-roll/dr-murray-turoff
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murray_Turoff
EIES
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EIES

late 70s/early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about beginning until some time mid/late 80s). It really took off spring 1981, after I distributed a trip report to see Jim Gray at Tandem. Only about 300 participated but claims upwards of 25,000 were reading. Eventually printed six copies of 300 or so pages with executive summary and summary of the summary ... packaged in 3ring Tandem binders and sent them to corporate executive committee (folklore is 5of6 wanted to fire me).

Results included company "task force" that brought in Hiltz and Turoff (network nation), officially sanctioned computer conferencing software and moderated forums. There was also researcher that was paid to sit in back of my office for nine months studying how I communicated, face-to-face, telephone, went with me to meetings, got copies of all my incoming and outgoing email and logs of all instant messages. Results were research reports, conferences talks and papers, books and Stanford PHD (joint with language and computer ai, winograd was advisor on computer side).

Network Nation
https://www.amazon.com/Network-Nation-Communication-Computer-Revised/dp/0262082195/

internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
computer mediated communication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RS/6000 (and some mainframe)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
Date: 18 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)

Late 80s, senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal, communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed (mainframe) datacenter walls and was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. The disk division was seeing drop in disk sales with data fleeing mainframe datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms. The disk division had come up with number of solutions which were all constantly vetoed by the communication group.

As partial work around, the GPD/Adstar VP of software was investing in distributed computing startups that would use IBM disks (communication group power extended to veto'ing IBM products ... that cross mainframe datacenter walls) ... and he would periodically ask us to drop by his investments to see if we could offer any help.

communication group fighting off client/server and distributed computing attempting to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

After HA/CMP cluster scaleup is transferred (and announced as IBM supercomputer), we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors ... and we leave IBM a few months later. Leaving IBM, have to turn in all IBM hardware and classified documents. After we are "gone" ... the Adstar executive has "my" RS6000/330 delivered back to me. Also the original IBM executive we reported to when we started HA6000/HACMP, was then president of MIPS (owned by SGI) and I get a SGI INDY from him. I have to get a really big desk for RS6000/330, SGI Indy, and 486 upgraded to large screen "586".

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

pagsat created full usenet feed distribution over satellite and in return for "free" dish, modem, and service ... I did unix, windows, and ms/dos drivers (recommend 16550 uart) and an article on it for boardwatch magazine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boardwatch

The communication group stranglehold on mainframe datacenters was affecting the whole mainframe business and IBM has one of the largest losses in US corporate history and the company was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company.

some recent baby blue posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#74 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#69 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#106 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#87 IBM ITOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#45 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#36 Death By Powerpoint
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#11 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#4 What is IBM SNA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#3 COBOL and tricks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#85 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#83 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#65 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#64 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#46 IBM Chairman John Opel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#45 IBM Chairman John Opel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#35 IBM 37x5 Boxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#19 IBM "Fast-Track" Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#4 Retiree sues IBM alleging shortchanged benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#107 Short-term profits and long-term consequences -- did Jack Welch break capitalism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#106 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#104 IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#102 IBM Stretch (7030) -- Aggressive Uniprocessor Parallelism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#75 "12 O'clock High" In IBM Management School
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#70 IBM Z16 - The Mainframe Is Dead, Long Live The Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#54 Another IBM Down Fall thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#53 Another IBM Down Fall thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#49 IBM Dug A Hole
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#40 AMEX, First Data, & IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#36 IBM Business Conduct Guidelines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#23 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology

some boardwatch posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#40 Best dumb terminal for serial connections
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#7 USENET still around
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#11 Home Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#99 SUSE Reviving Usenet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#95 SUSE Reviving Usenet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#51 usenet history, was 1958 Crisis in education
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#110 private thread drift--Re: Demolishing the Tile Turtle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#51 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#21 Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#59 The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#109 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#57 email security re: hotmail.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#38 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#26 Anyone here run UUCP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#92 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#75 Posts missing from ibm-main on google groups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#74 bulletin board
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#84 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#19 Another one bites the dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#16 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#17 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#11 An Out-of-the-Main Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#16 Newsgroups (Was Another OS/390 to z/OS 1.4 migration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#66 UUCP email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#39 I'll Be! Al Gore DID Invent the Internet After All ! NOT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#38 Vanishing Posts...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Legal fights and loopholes could blunt Medicare's new power to control drug prices

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Legal fights and loopholes could blunt Medicare's new power to control drug prices
Date: 19 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
Legal fights and loopholes could blunt Medicare's new power to control drug prices
https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2022/09/15/1123076966/legal-fights-and-loopholes-could-blunt-medicares-new-power-to-control-drug-price

Democrats Eye Medicare Negotiations to Lower Drug Prices
https://khn.org/news/article/democrats-eye-medicare-negotiations-to-lower-drug-prices/
What's the Latest on Medicare Drug Price Negotiations?
https://www.kff.org/medicare/issue-brief/whats-the-latest-on-medicare-drug-price-negotiations/

... two decades ago

Medicare Part-D was the first major bill after fiscal responsibility act (revenue had to cover spending, on its way to eliminating all federal debt) was allowed to lapse. CBS 60mins did an expose on the 18 republicans responsible for getting part-D through congress. Just before final vote, they had a one line sentence (that prevents competitive bidding/negotiated prices) and blocks CBO from distributing report on the effect of the change. CBS 60m segment showed prices under Medicare Part-D were three times price of identical drugs with VA competitive bidding. Within six months of act passing, all 18 republicans have resigned and are on drug industry payroll (buying off members of congress and revolving door can have little to do with how long they have been in congress).

US Comptroller General is then including in speeches that Medicare Part-D was enormous gift to the drug industry and comes to be a long term cost totally swamping all other budget items ... definitely making the congress, after turn of century, the most corrupt institution on earth. 2010 CBO report 2003-2009, showed that spending increased by $6T and revenue cut by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsibility act (also first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
medicare part-d posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d
comptroller general posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
Federal Reserve posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecure, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
military-industrial(-congressional) complex poss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Turoff Passes ... EIES, Network Nation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Turoff Passes ... EIES, Network Nation
Date: 19 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#76 Turoff Passes ... EIES, Network Nation

Other online computer conferencing, from earlier in 70s ... from long winded comments in recent bitnet post
https://www.facebook.com/groups/internetoldfarts/permalink/627231978924024/
archived
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#45 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#46 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#48 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#51 Some BITNET (& other) History

My online computer conferencing activity in part started with TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

making their VM370/CMS-based online computer conferencing system available "free" to the (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE
https://www.share.org/
as VMSHARE, (starting) in Aug1976, archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I cut a deal with Tymshare to get a monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE files for putting up on internal systems and network, biggest problem was IBM lawyers afraid that internal employees would be contaminated by exposure to customer information.

computer mediated communication posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RS/6000 (and some mainframe)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
Date: 20 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#77 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)

???? long winded post about some of IBM
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

hardly compares after leaving IBM, long winded post mentions in Jan1999 was asked to help try and stop the coming "economic mess" (we failed) and then in Jan2009 was asked to web'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into '29 crash with lots of URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something)
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/price-wars-lynn-wheeler/
and few more on the economic mess
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/warning-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/plutocracy-rising-repost-from-oct-2012-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/how-can-we-stop-algorithms-telling-lies-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/bad-ideas-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/economists-arguing-over-how-profession-messed-up-during-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/eric-holders-longtime-excuse-prosecuting-banks-just-crashed-wheeler/

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
pecora posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecure, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chart-armed Katie Porter makes the case that corporate greed is the primary cause of inflation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Chart-armed Katie Porter makes the case that corporate greed is the primary cause of inflation
Date: 20 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
Watch: Chart-armed Katie Porter makes the case that corporate greed is the primary cause of inflation
https://www.rawstory.com/watch-chart-armed-katie-porter-proves-that-corporate-greed-is-the-primary-cause-of-inflation/

How Corporations "Get Away With Murder" to Inflate Prices on Rent, Food, and Electricity
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2022/10/how-corporations-get-away-with-murder-to-inflate-prices-on-rent-food-and-electricity.html

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RS/6000 (and some mainframe)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
Date: 20 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#77 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)

I've periodically claimed that John did RISC to go to the opposite of the horrible complex (failed) Future System effort (various comments that any other computer company that had a failure the magnitude of FS .. it would have taken them down) ... and contributing to destroying the Watson legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 ....

and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. 'For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous,' recalls a former top executive

... snip ...

... more info
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

there were several large 801 efforts in the early 80s (including AS/400 followon to S36/S38, 4361/4381 followon to 4331/4341), which all floundered for various reasons (returning to traditional CISC) and some number of engineers left for other vendors. 801/RISC ROMP was going to be for the displaywriter followoon. When they got canceled they decided to retarget to the UNIX workstation market and hired the company that had done PC/IX for the IBM/PC, to do a UNIX for ROMP (which becomes AIX and PC/RT, precursor to RS/6000).

Note RISC had lots of throughput advantages over CISC ... by turn of century, i86 chip makers, had hardware layer that translated i86 instructions to RISC micro-ops starting to match traditional RISC throughput.
https://www.anandtech.com/show/1998/3

The most common x86 instructions are translated into a single micro-op by the 3 simple decoders. The complex decoder is responsible for the instructions that produce up to 4 micro-ops. The really long and complex x86 instructions are handled by a microcode sequencer. This way of handling the complex most CISC-y instructions has been adopted by all modern x86 CPU designs, including the P6, Athlon (XP and 64), and Pentium 4.

... snip ...

... along with out-of-order execution, branch prediction, speculative execution, etc. A lot of this was observation that memory (& cache miss) latency ... when measured in count of CPU cycles was comparable to 60s disk latency when measured in count of 60s CPU cycles. Other refs:
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=12353489
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5806589/why-does-intel-hide-internal-risc-core-in-their-processors
https://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/188268/difference-between-micro-operations-in-risc-and-cisc-processors
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_Microcode
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/1281676
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-540-93799-9_4
http://sunnyeves.blogspot.com/2009/07/intel-x86-processors-cisc-or-risc-or.html

and as I've periodically mentioned, FS was completely different than 370 and was going to completely replace it. Internal politics during FS was killing off 370 efforts and the lack of new 370 products during FS is credited with giving the 370 clone makers (like Amdahl) their market foothold (also refs that in the period, IBM marketing had to fall back on enormous amounts of FUD). I continued to work on 360/370 all during FS and would periodically ridicule what they were doing, which wasn't exactly career enhancing activity.

801/risc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 21 Oct 2022 14:29:38 -1000
zero <zero@internet.invalid> writes:

Would you care to describe how it was like to be there?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#73 Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?

archive DIALOG email ... refers to AS9000.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#email810422
in this old e.f.c thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#24 Old datasearches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#44 Old datasearches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#46 Old datasearches

email mentioned call (while I was at DIALOG) from former co-worker that was consulting to DIALOG. Also mentioned recruiter had asked me to interview for assistant to NAS president ... didn't turn out well, I had a complete set of 811 (confidential 370/xa) architecture documents and I got the impression that somehow they knew and were asking questions about it. I made mention that I had recently submitted a suggestion to strengthen the ethics in the IBM Conduct Guidelins (that every emplooyee has to read & sign once a year) ... which was end of the interview.

The former co-worker said I could make a lot more money going to DIALOG (this was during a period where IBM was telling me I didn't have career, promotions, and/or raises at IBM). That wasn't the end of it, later the US gov. was suing the Japanese maker of the AS 9000 for industrial espionage and because I was listed on lobby log, I had 3hr interview with FBI agent.

slightly earlier DIALOG/AS9000 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#email810318
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#email810421
in this a.f.c. thread archived post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#38

I have some vague recollection that DIALOG had 300 clone 3330-II disk drives with dual channel attach to 370/158 and the AS9000.

some past posts mentioning the FBI interview
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#35 IBM Business Conduct Guidelines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#38 IBM Registered Confidential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#86 Bizarre Career Events
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#12 IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#83 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#35 Hitachi to Deliver New Mainframe Based on IBM z Systems in Japan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#50 Beyond the EC12
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#27 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#67 IBM Future System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RS/6000 (and some mainframe)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
Date: 21 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#77 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)

other 60s processor/disk trivia, as undergraduate in the 60s, I had done dynamic adaptive resource management and what I called "scheduling to the bottleneck" (dynamically identifying resource throughput bottlenecks). I've commented that original 360 CKD ... and "multi-track search", traded off abundant I/O capacity for relatively constrained processor and real memory ... however by the mid-70s that trade-off was beginning to invert. In the early 80s, I had written a tome that disk "relative system throughput" had declined by an order of magnitude (factor of ten times) since the 60s ... aka disk throughput had increased 3-5 times while processor speed and real storage size had increased by 40-50 times. A GPD (disk division) took exception and assigned the division performance group to refute my claim. After a couple weeks and they basically said that I had slightly understated the problem. They then respun the analysis for a (mainframe user group) SHARE presentation on configuring disks for improved system throughput (SHARE 63, B874, 16Aug1984). mentioned in linkedin post
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/

archived post with B874 intro/acknowledgements:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68 DASD Response Time (on antique 3390?)
archived post with summary from B874:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#18 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please

posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
dynamic adaptive resource management posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

and some archived past posts that mentioningg B874:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#0 Mainframe Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#49 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#48 360&370 I/O Channels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#22 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#77 Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#92 Processor, DASD, VTAM & TCP/IP performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#131 Multitrack Search Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#108 IBM Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#105 IBM CKD DASD and multi-track search
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#78 IBM 370 and Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#23 fast sort/merge, OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#44 iBM System/3 FORTRAN for engineering/science work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#53 3380 disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#33 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#79 IBM Disk Division
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#59 San Jose bldg 50 and 3380 manufacturing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#17 Performance History, 5-10Oct1986, SEAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#63 IBM 3330 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#94 MVS Boney Fingers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#78 370 virtual memory

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RS/6000 (and some mainframe)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
Date: 21 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#77 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)

Apple, IBM, and Motorola formed AIM or Power/PC alliance to do single chip Power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIM_alliance

The executive we reported to when we started HA/6000 (I renamed HA/CMP when doing technical cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing
went over to head up "Somerset" ... the Power/PC chip design group.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC
Apple used it, replacing M68k chips in its MAC computers. IBM leaves Somerset
https://go.gale.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA20831561&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r&linkaccess=abs&issn=10616624&p=AONE&sw=w&userGroupName=anon%7E526fcc2b

Folklore is that when AIM/Somerset wasn't doing sufficient power efficient Power/PC chips (especially for battery powered applications), Apple switches to Intel i86, which was producing more power efficient i86 chips for the portable/battery market, and had previously moved to hardware layer that translated i86 instructions into risc micro-ops for "risc-like" efficient execution. Since then Apple has switched to even more power efficient ARM risc chips ... which started out targeting power efficiency, especially for the portable/battery market.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_silicon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture_family

IBM Power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Power_Systems
I've previously commented several times that John's 801/risc motivation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC#History
may have been to go to the opposite extreme of the complex, failed Future System effort
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

some aim/power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#17 IBM z16: Built to Build the Future of Your Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#28 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#1 How an obscure British PC maker invented ARM and changed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#118 The Post-IBM World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#54 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#110 IBM System/32, System/34 implementation technology?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#9 3270s & other stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#40 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#60 Memory versus processor speed

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 23 Oct 2022 09:09:01 -1000
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

archive DIALOG email ... refers to AS9000.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#email810422


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#73 Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#83 Anyone knew or used the Dialog service back in the 80's?

email comment/observation was that DIALOG had 120 people, and was part of a Lockheed division that had 20,000 people ... and DIALOG accounted for 40% of the division's profits ... and DIALOG was in the process of becoming an independent business unit.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CICS (and other history)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CICS (and other history)
Date: 23 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
I took 2 credit hr intro to computers/fortran. End of semester I was hired as student programmer. Univ. shutdown datacenter on the weekends, and I was given the whole place to myself (although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday morning classes hard). I was given lots of manuals and had to figure the rest out myself. Then within year of intro class was hired fulltime responsible for OS/360 (univ had been sold 360/67 for tss/360, but tss/360 never really came to production fruition and so ran as 360/65 and I continued to have the datacenter dedicated for the weekends). Univ. library had gotten a ONR grant to do online catalog and used part of the money for 2321 datacell. The project was also selected to be betatest for CICS program product (after 23jun69 unbundling announcement and starting to charge for software) and CICS support was added to my tasks. First problem was CICS wouldn't come up. No source, took a little while to isolate the problem. Turns out CICS had some undocumented, hard coded BDAM options and the library had built their CICS files with different set of option.

Other CICS lore, gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine.
https://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/http://www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20060325095613/http://www.yelavich.com/history/ev200401.htm

migrating to virtual memory trivia; decade ago I was asked to tract down decision to make all 370s "virtual memory" (found somebody that reported to the executive). Effectively MVT storage management was so bad that a typical 1mbyte 370/165 was limited to four concurrent executing regions (insufficient aggregate throughput to justify 165) because region sizes had to be specified four times larger than actually used. Going to virtual memory would allow number of regions to be increased by factor of four times with little or no paging. Some of this effectively showed up with CICS in the 60s, attempting to acquire all possibly necessary resources at startup (including one time opening all files) and then CICS implementing its own internal resource management (contributing significantly to multiprocessor exploitation support not appearing until 2004). multiprocessor exploitation (2004)
https://web.archive.org/web/20090107054344/http://www.yelavich.com/history/ev200402.htm

other trivia: I was in mainframe datacenter turn of the century that had large banner claiming 129 CICS instances running on the machine.

DB2 trivia: original SQL/relational implementation was System/R done at IBM San Jose Research on VM370. IBM company was preoccupied with the next great DBMS, "EAGLE" and we were able to do tech transfer "under the radar" to Endicott for SQL/DS. Then when "EAGLE" eventually implodes, there was request for how fast could System/R be transferred to MVS ... which was eventually released as DB2, originally for "decision support" only.

a couple related posts

165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1583169168704783/
WATFOR & CICS both addressing similar OS/360 problems (comments has longer list of related posts)
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1689250391429993/

archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#71 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#72 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#74 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#75 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#76 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#77 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#79 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#80 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#81 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#83 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#89 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#42 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#43 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems

cics/bdam posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics
23jun1969 unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling
SMP, multiprocessor posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

some recent B874 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#0 Mainframe Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#49 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#48 360&370 I/O Channels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#22 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#77 Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#92 Processor, DASD, VTAM & TCP/IP performance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
Date: 24 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
In addition CP40/CMS & CP67/CMS (precursor to vm/370) and the internal network, cambridge science center also did a lot of performance monitoring, reporting, analysis and modeling (some of the monitoring, reporting, analysis eventually evolves into capacity planning).

One was taking a full instruction/storage trace and using it for both execution hot-spot and storage use analysis ... which was used as part of porting APL\360 to CP67/CMS for CMS\APL. APL\360 were swapped 16kbyte (sometimes 32kbyte) workspaces (with whole workspace swapping done as single operation). For APL\360, each assignment statement always allocated value(s) to new storage location. When workspace storage was exhausted, APL\360 did "garbage collection" ... collecting all in-use storage to contiguous area. Moving to large workspace (hundreds of thousand to millions of bytes) demand page environment, would quickly touch every workspce page (no matter how small the APL program) requiring frequent garbage collection and creating lots of "page thrashing". This could be seen in instruction/storage monitoring/analysis application ... resulting in APL\360 storage management being redone for CMS\APL and CP67/CMS demand paged environment. Besides providing large workspace environment, system services APIs (like file I/O) was also added to CMS\APL enabling lots of real-world applications.

Note IBM SE training used to include sort of journeyman program as part of large group of SEs onsite at customers. With the 23Jun69 unbundling announcements starting to charge for (application) software, maintenance, but also SE services. One of the problems was couldn't figure out how to not charge for trainee SEs at customer location. The solution was HONE CP67 datacenters with online branch access allowing SEs to work with guest operating systems in CP67 virtual machines. However, then HONE started providing CMS\APL-based sales&marketing support applications ... which eventually came to dominate all HONE activity and the SE training with guest operating systems just dwindled away.

About the same time of decision to make all 370s and systems "virtual" memory/storage ... CSC did enhancement to the instruction/storage reporting application which used Bayesian cluster analysis to do semi-automated program reorganization for improved operation in demand paged environments. Lots of the OS/360 application development groups (VS2, VS1, DOS/VS, compilers, DBMS, transaction processing, etc) would use it for transitioning to virtual memory (although some just used the execution "hot-spot" reporting). In 1977, the application was released as "VS/Repack" for customers.

Periodically I've mentioned that APL-based analytical system model was also done at CSC and eventually made available on HONE as the Performance Predictor. SEs could enter customer workload and configuration information and "what-if" questions regarding workload and/or configuration changes were made. When US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Silicon Valley (trivia: when FACEBOOK 1st moves into silicon valley, it was into a new bldg built next door to the old US HONE consolidated center) and expanded to the largest IBM "single-system image", loosely-coupled complex with load balancing and fall-over across the complex ... a variation of the Performance Predictor was used for HONE load-balancing decisions.

a couple related posts

Evolution of CICS
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1780678732287158/
165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1583169168704783/
WATFOR & CICS both addressing similar OS/360 problems (comments has longer list of related posts)
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1689250391429993/
Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1690693904618975/

Share63 B874 presentation on DASD configuration for throughput in comments
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/

some other
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
CICS and/or BDAM posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

some recent posts mentioning Performance Predictor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#3 COBOL and tricks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#96 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#79 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#58 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#51 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#104 Mainframe Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#46 Automated Benchmarking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#121 Computer Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#120 Computer Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#30 VM370, 3081, and AT&T Long Lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#25 VM370, 3081, and AT&T Long Lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#10 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#61 Performance Monitoring, Analysis, Simulation, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#43 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#32 HONE story/history

some recent posts "Share63, B874"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#87 CICS (and other history)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#0 Mainframe Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#49 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#48 360&370 I/O Channels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#22 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#77 Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#92 Processor, DASD, VTAM & TCP/IP performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#131 Multitrack Search Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#108 IBM Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#105 IBM CKD DASD and multi-track search
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#78 IBM 370 and Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#23 fast sort/merge, OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#44 iBM System/3 FORTRAN for engineering/science work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#53 3380 disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#33 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#79 IBM Disk Division
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#59 San Jose bldg 50 and 3380 manufacturing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#17 Performance History, 5-10Oct1986, SEAS

other posts mentioning vs/repack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#8 Porting APL to CP67/CMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#129 Dataprocessing Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#37 Some CP67, Future System and other history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#25 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#86 VS/Repack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#84 VS/Repack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#111 Definition of "dense code"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#92 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#79 Limit number of frames of real storage per job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#69 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#66 Messing Up the System/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#71 assembler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#62 Suggestions Appreciated for a Program Counter History Log
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#20 Assembler vs. COBOL--processing time, space needed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#19 Assembler vs. COBOL--processing time, space needed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#82 printer history Languages influenced by PL/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#20 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#73 Execution Velocity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#8 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#5 Memory v. Storage: What's in a Name?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#9 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#8 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#81 Percentage of code executed that is user written was Re: Delete all members of a PDS that is allocated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#48 Knuth Got It Wrong

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Five fundamental reasons for high oil volatility

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Five fundamental reasons for high oil volatility
Date: 25 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
Five fundamental reasons for high oil volatility
https://www.reuters.com/article/sponsored/five-fundamental-reasons-for-high-oil-volatility

... well

Why are gas prices so high? These obscure traders are partly to blame
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2022/apr/28/gas-prices-why-are-they-so-high-traders

"My instinct tells me that a very careful analysis of this market would show that the price is not reflective of supply chain problems, that there's just too much leeway for the big banks and the big producers to manipulate if no one is looking and watching what they're doing," says Greenberger, the former division director of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), the main regulator of US energy markets.

... snip ...

"GFIFTOPIA" had chapter on CFTC that used to require that commodity players had significant position because speculators were causing wild irrational price fluctuation & volatility (i.e. they profited by manipulating price, buy low sell high, then short sale on the way down ... including manipulating news to push price in the direction they wanted). But then CFTC sent (secret) letters to selected speculators allowing them play ... responsible for the huge oil&gas price hike summer of 2008.

Later a member of congress published the transactions for 2008 showing the speculators that were responsible for the huge price spike summer of 2008. Instead of vilifying the speculators responsible, somehow the press vilified the member of congress for violating corporation privacy (as if corporations were people, disinformation to distract from those responsible). (summer 2008) Oil settles at record high above $140
https://money.cnn.com/2008/06/27/markets/oil/

Griftopia: Bubble Machines, Vampire Squids, and the Long Con That Is Breaking America
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Griftopia
https://www.amazon.com/Griftopia-Machines-Vampire-Breaking-America-ebook/dp/B003F3FJS2/
https://www.npr.org/2010/11/06/131106798/griftopia-the-financial-crisis-easily-explained
https://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/26/books/review/Goodman-t.html

The Financial Industry is a Lot Bigger than a Giant Vampire Squid
https://www.counterpunch.org/2022/09/18/the-financial-industry-is-a-lot-bigger-than-a-giant-vampire-squid/

The size of the financial industry bears no relation to the economy. Self-mythological panegyrics aside, the finance industry confiscates money; it doesn't create it. How much? Get out your calculators, and maybe you'll have to find a way to add a couple of digits to what your screen can hold. Perhaps the total amount of money extracted by financiers (or, more to the point, speculators) is not quite as large as Douglas Adams' description of space in the, yes, increasingly inaccurately named Hitchhikers' Trilogy, as "Really big. You just won't believe how vastly hugely mind-bogglingly big it is." But it's close.

... snip ...

... claims are that during the economic mess (after the turn of the century), the financial industry tripled in size as percent of GDP; this includes analysis that securitizing no-documentation liar mortgages and loans, and paying for triple-A rating (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings), allowed them to sell off over $27T into the bond market (2001-2008).

vampire squid/griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#grfitopia
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

The audacious PR plot that seeded doubt about climate change
https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-62225696

Drawing on thousands of newly discovered documents, this three-part film charts how the oil industry mounted a campaign to sow doubt about the science of climate change, the consequences of which we are living through today.

... snip ...

"Merchants of Doubt" ... some of the same "white coats" hired by the tobacco industry were also for sale to "big oil"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt
Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
https://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

merchants of doubt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess#merchants.of.doubt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
Date: 26 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology

From the 90s, the original cloud operators have viewed hardware and software as cost ... enormous reduction in those costs, would shift focus to include power and cooling.

cloud megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

We had left IBM shortly after our cluster scaleup for HA/CMP was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing
ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.comm/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Later was brought in as consultant into small client/server company ... two former Oracle people (that we had worked with on commercial HA/CMP scaleup) were there responsible for something called commerce server and they wanted to do payment transactions on the servers, the startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL", the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I had responsibility for the "gateways", between servers and payment gateways to the financial payment networks, as well as the protocol used.

Saw lots of burgeoning technology at the startup and other internet startups ... all within a few miles ... involving large growing numbers of backend servers, increasing numbers of high-speed Internet links into the server farms and modifications to the boundary (front-end) routers to share load information and perform server transaction load balancing.

payment gateway posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway
recent reply to request for old e-commerce history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm5.htm#asrn2 Assurance, e-commerce, and some x9.59 ... fyi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm5.htm#asrn3 Assurance, e-commerce, and some x9.59 ... fyi
Postel
https://internethalloffame.org/inductees/jon-postel
had also sponsored my talk on "Why Internet isn't business critical dataprocessing" at ISI (with USC security graduate dept invited), based on the compensating documentation, software, etc. work I had to do for payment gateway

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

I was initially exposed to something 2nd half of 70s with consolidated IBM US HONE systems in Palo Alto (one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer). HONE system 1st was enhanced to max "single system image" loosely-coupled complex (3330 string switch to two 3830 controllers each with four channel interfaces) ... with load balancing and fall-over across the complex.

In the morph from CP/67 to VM/370 they drop and simplify a lot of CP67 stuff ... including no multiprocessor support. I started adding a lot of CP/67 stuff back into VM/370, initially doing multiprocessor support for HONE ... so they can add 2nd processor to each system in the HONE single system image complex.

The cambridge science center had ported apl\360 to cp67/cms for cms\apl ... and also had done an apl-based analytical system model ... which was deployed on HONE as the Performance Predictor ... SEs could enter customer workload and configuration info and ask "what-if" questions about workload and/or configuration changes. A version of it was also used to make the load balancing decisions across the single-system image complex.

HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
SMP, multiprocessor posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1781529862202045/

For san jose bldg14 (disk engineering) and bldg15 (disk product test) ... I rewrote I/O supervisor to be bullet proof and never fail so they could do any amount of on-demand, concurrent testing (they had been doing dedicated, prescheduled, stand-alone testing, after having tried MVS, but found it had 15min mean-time between system failures in that environment).

Bldg15 would get early engineering processor models and jan1979 had an engineering 4341 and I was con'ed into doing benchmarks for national lab that was looking at getting 70 for a server farm ... sort of leading edge of both the cluster supercomputing and cloud megadatacenter tsunamis

getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

RAIN/RAIN4 4341 benchmark posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#89 CDC6600, Cray, Thorton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#69 IBM MYTE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#42 Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#63 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#62 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#51 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year -old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#46 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#44 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#116 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#106 DOS descendant still lives was Re: slight reprieve on the z
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#71 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#37 History--computer performance comparison chart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#61 I Must Have Been Dreaming (36-bit word needed for ballistics?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#38 DEC/PDP minicomputers for business in 1968?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#46 Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#35 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#76 DG Fountainhead vs IBM Future Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#40 IBM Watson's Ancestors: A Look at Supercomputers of the Past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#24 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#67 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#54 mainframe performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#32 I/O in Emulated Mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#62 Cycles per ASM instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#21 moving on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#31 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#4 misc. old benchmarks (4331 & 11/750)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#19 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#7 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#0 Microcode?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#15 departmental servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#67 Pentium 4 Prefetch engine?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#7 4341 was "Is a VAX a mainframe?"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#0 Is a VAX a mainframe?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
Date: 27 Oct 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#56 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)

mentions channel extender in 1980 for IBM STL, fibre channel standard in 1988, escon in 1990, and then IBM's protocol running over FCS announced as FICON.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1583169168704783/

About same time IBM branch office asked me to participate in LLNL's fibre channel standard ... IBM branch office also asked me to participate in SCI done by Gustavson at SLAC
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface

Representatives from companies in the computer industry and research community included Amdahl, Apple Computer, BB&N, Hewlett-Packard, CERN, Dolphin Server Technology, Cray Research, Sequent, AT&T, Digital Equipment Corporation, McDonnell Douglas, National Semiconductor, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Tektronix, Texas Instruments, Unisys, University of Oslo, University of Wisconsin.

... snip ...

above doesn't mention IBM because it was just me, some Gustavson refs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface#References

Sequent & data general did 256 i86 multiprocessor using SCI. Convex did 128 SNAKE (HP risc) multiprocessor (Convex later bought by HP). SGI also used SCI for multiprocessor. After leaving IBM I did some consulting for Steve Chen
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Chen_(computer_engineer)
(first at Cray, then started supercomputer company, in part funded by IBM), at the time Sequent CTO
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems
& SCI NUMA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems#NUMA
This was before IBM bought/shutdown Sequent
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems#IBM_purchase_and_disappearance

channel extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FCS & FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon
SMP, multiprocessor posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

some SCI posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#29 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#67 David Boggs, Co-Inventor of Ethernet, Dies at 71
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#118 GM C4 and IBM HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#95 Latency and Throughput
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#16 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#45 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#44 HA/CMP Marketing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#81 Where do byte orders come from, Nova vs PDP-11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#53 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#32 Cluster Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#100 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#49 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#95 Retrieving data from old hard drives?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#45 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#70 Microprocessor Optimization Primer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#74 Fibre Channel is still alive and kicking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#19 Fibre Chanel Vs FICON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#176 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#95 5 Easy Steps to a High Performance Cluster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#18 IBM ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#85 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#50 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#96 SHARE Blog: News Flash: The Mainframe (Still) Isn't Dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#94 SHARE Blog: News Flash: The Mainframe (Still) Isn't Dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#70 architectures, was Open source software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#49 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#13 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#40 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#39 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#61 IBM to announce new MF's this year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#92 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#41 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TYMSHARE

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: TYMSHARE
Date: 27 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
Ann Hardy
https://medium.com/chmcore/someone-elses-computer-the-prehistory-of-cloud-computing-bca25645f89

Ann Hardy is a crucial figure in the story of Tymshare and time-sharing. She began programming in the 1950s, developing software for the IBM Stretch supercomputer. Frustrated at the lack of opportunity and pay inequality for women at IBM -- at one point she discovered she was paid less than half of what the lowest-paid man reporting to her was paid -- Hardy left to study at the University of California, Berkeley, and then joined the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 1962. At the lab, one of her projects involved an early and surprisingly successful time-sharing operating system.

... snip ...

If Discrimination, Then Branch: Ann Hardy's Contributions to Computing
https://computerhistory.org/blog/if-discrimination-then-branch-ann-hardy-s-contributions-to-computing/

Much more Ann Hardy at Computer History Museum
https://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102717167

Ann rose up to become Vice President of the Integrated Systems Division at Tymshare, from 1976 to 1984, which did online airline reservations, home banking, and other applications. When Tymshare was acquired by McDonnell-Douglas in 1984, Ann's position as a female VP became untenable, and was eased out of the company by being encouraged to spin out Gnosis, a secure, capabilities-based operating system developed at Tymshare. Ann founded Key Logic, with funding from Gene Amdahl, which produced KeyKOS, based on Gnosis, for IBM and Amdahl mainframes. After closing Key Logic, Ann became a consultant, leading to her cofounding Agorics with members of Ted Nelson's Xanadu project.

... snip ...

One of their other online applications was (VM370/)CMS-based online computer conferencing ... TYMSHARE started offering it free to (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE in Aug1976 as "VMSHARE" ... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

posts mentioning online computer conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
posts mentioning (virtual machine) commercial online/timeshare computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

some previous posts mentioning Ann Hardy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#92 Cobol and Jean Sammet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#0 Women in Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#71 book review: Broad Band: The Untold Story of the Women Who Made the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#98 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#27 Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing

some other posts mentioning GNOSIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#70 IBM Chairman John Opel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#98 Virtual Machine SIE instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#45 Transaction Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#100 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#19 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#25 Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#33 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#77 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#95 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#41 TYMSHARE @ CHM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#61 Typesetting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#76 Mainframe operating systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#41 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#60 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#100 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#28 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#110 Tymshare sold to McDonnell Douglas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#107 some computer and online history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#12 What Would Be Your Ultimate Computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#29 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#43 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#82 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#53 transactions, was There Is Still Hope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#40 Named Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#53 The mainframe turns 50, or, why the IBM System/360 launch was the dawn of enterprise IT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#44 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#39 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#84 CPU time

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

No, I will not pay the bill

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: No, I will not pay the bill
Date: 28 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
No, I will not pay the bill
https://www.theregister.com/2022/10/28/on_call/

Back before the 23Jun1969 IBM unbundling announcement (when IBM leased/rented computers), part of SE training was sort of apprentice program as part of large SE group at the customer site. However the unbundling announcement started to charge for (application) software (but managed to make the case that kernel software should still be free), SE services, maintenance, etc. However, they couldn't figure out how to not charge for trainee SEs onsite at the customer location.

The eventual solution was SEs having online branch office access to CP67 HONE ("hands-on network environment") datacenters where they practiced running "guest" operating systems in CP67 virtual machines. After I graduate and join IBM Cambridge Science Center, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters (and HONE was long-time customer, first CP67 and then the VM370 follow-on).

trivia: mainframe rent/leased charges were based on the processor "system meter" that ran when ever the processor and/or any I/O channels were "busy". The Science center and some of the commercial CP67 online spinoffs from the science center, did a lot of work for 7x24 online availability and dark room operation (no human operator) ... as well as optimize system charges (especially during off-shift, lightly loaded periods), including special I/O channel programs that would let the channels stop when no characters were arriving, but would be immediately "on" when any characters started arriving (allowing "system meter" to stop). Note: all processors and channels had to be idle for at least 400ms before the "system meter" would stop. Long after IBM had switched to selling systems, the company's favorite son batch operating system (MVS), still had a timer task that woke up every 400ms (guaranteeing that the "system meter" would never stop)

other trivia: 1975, all the US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto (HONE had also started offering online CMS\APL-based sales&marketing support applications for sales personnel and HONE clones were being propagated around the world, my 1st oversea trips were HONE asking me to go along for some of these early overseas installs), and when FACEBOOK 1st moved to silicon valley, it was into a new bldg built next door to the former US HONE datacenter.

more trivia: In Aug1976, TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
started offering their VM370/CMS-based online computer conferencing system "free" to (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE
https://www.share.org/
as "VMSHARE", archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

23jun1969 unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
cambridge science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
posts mentioning (virtual machine) commercial online/timeshare computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
Date: 28 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#90 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology

Ensuring True High Availability in an Online Retail Environment
https://www.ecommercetimes.com/story/ensuring-true-high-availability-in-an-online-retail-environment-177053.html

That "operational and accessible" part is often overlooked. Cloud service providers can offer high availability (HA) configurations with a service level agreement (SLA), guaranteeing that at least one node in a multi-node cluster will be online 99.99% of the time. However, that SLA doesn't ensure that the applications or data powering an online business will be operational or accessible.

... snip ...

two archived posts from 2001 about online e-commerce and referencing "SLA"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm5.htm#asrn2 Assurance, e-commerce, and some x9.59 ... fyi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm5.htm#asrn3 Assurance, e-commerce, and some x9.59 ... fyi

related to my talk "On Why the Internet Isn't Business Critical Dataprocessing" (now mostly "wasn't")

(payment gateway) gateway posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway
x9.59 related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
availability posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available
assurance posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#assurance
megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
Date: 28 Oct 2022
Blog: Facebook
Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.righto.com/2019/04/iconic-consoles-of-ibm-system360.html

At end of semester taking two credit hr intro to fortran/computers, I got a student programming job to re-implement 1401 MPIO on 360/30. The univ. shutdown the datacenter on the weekend and I would have the place all to myself, although 48hrs w/o sleep made Monday classes a little hard. They gave me a bunch of manuals, and let me figure it all out on my own. They univ had been sold 360/67 to replace 709/1401 combo running tss/360 .... and the 1401 is temporary replaced with 360/30 (which had 1401 emulation microcode) pending 360/67. When 360/67 finally came in, it was run as 360/65 with os/360 (tss/360 never coming to production fruition) and I was made responsible for os/360 (and continued to have my 48hrs dedicated weekend time).

Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computing Services (consolidate all dataprocessing in independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world, getting 360/65s faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room. Lots of politics between Renton director and CFO, who only had a 360/30 up at Boeing field (although they enlarge the machine room for 360/67 for me to play with when I wasn't doing other stuff). When I graduate, I join the IBM Cambridge Science Center, instead of staying at Boeing.

Both the Boeing people and IBM account team told stories about the IBM Boeing rep (not knowing anything about 360s) on the day 360s were announced, Boeing hands him a 360 order making him the highest paid IBM employee that year (IBM still was commission). This is claimed to have IBM switching from commission to quota the following year. Jan of the following year, Boeing hands him another 360 order, which makes his quota for the year. IBM then "adjusts" his quota, and he leaves the company.

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters (the online branch office HONE system was long time customer). The 370/195 group also con'ed me into lending a hand for adding a 2nd instruction stream to 370/195. 370/195 had 64 instruction pipeline that supported out-of-order execution with top speed of 10MIPS. However there was no branch prediction and/or speculative execution so conditional branch drained the pipeline and most codes ran at 5MIPs. Adding 2nd instruction stream (2nd set of registers and 2nd PSW) would simulate a multiprocessor with two instructions streams running at 5MIPS, it would maintain peak 10MIPS execution. Then decision was made to add "virtual memory" to all 370s and decided it wasn't practical to add virtual memory to 370/195.

URL mentioning end of ACS/360 (executives were afraid it would advance the state of art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market) ... had a reference to patents for having two (red/black) instruction streams (i.e. modern day hyper/multi threading) ... also features that show up more than 20yrs later with ES/9000.
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Later when I transfer to San Jose research, they are running MVT on 195 ... but job queue backlog could be three months. Somebody was running air bearing simulation for thin-film disk heads (originally shipped with 3370s FBA disk) but even with high priority, was only getting a couple turn arounds a month. Bldg 14(disk engineering) & 15(disk product test) had been running prescheduled, stand-alone, around the clock testing. I offered to rewrite I/O supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail so they could do any amount of on-demand, concurrent testing ... greatly improving productivity (downside when they had problems, they would blame my software, and I would have to go shoot their hardware problem, spending increasing time playing disk engineer). Bldg15 got early engineering processors and got an early engineering 3033 (maybe #3 or #4) ... since testing only took a couple percent ... we found a couple 3330 strings (8 drives/string) and 3830 controller and set up our own private online service. We also setup to do the air bearing simulation on the engineering 3033, and even tho it had less than half the MIP rate of the 195, he could easily get a couple turn-arounds a day (instead of a month).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

recent set of IBM "history posts"
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

posts mentioning air bearing and/or 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#9 3880 DASD Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#10 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#47 360&370 I/O Channels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#34 Retrotechtacular: The IBM System/360 Remembered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#22 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#12 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#11 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#0 Programming By Committee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#101 IBM 4300, VS1, VM370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#74 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#41 CMSBACK & VMFPLC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#99 CDC6000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#95 IBM Salary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#88 Computer BUNCH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#73 IBM Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#53 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#51 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#50 100 days after IBM split, Kyndryl signs strategic cloud pact with AWS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#1 On why it's CR+LF and not LF+CR [ASR33]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#96 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#87 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#64 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#60 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#41 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#31 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#132 IBM Clone Controllers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#131 Multitrack Search Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#97 IBM Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#46 Transaction Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#45 Transaction Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#97 This chemist is reimagining the discovery of materials using AI and automation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#76 IBM 370 and Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#68 MTS, 360/67, FS, Internet, SNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#51 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#48 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#53 3380 disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#40 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#23 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#28 IBM Cottle Plant Site
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#47 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#28 IBM 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#16 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#49 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#48 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#71 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380

archived posts referencing the linkedin posts/threads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#91 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#74 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#67 30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#66 IBM Dress Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#53 Wednesday Night Round table
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#31 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#85 IBM CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#46 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970


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