List of Archived Posts

2023 Newsgroup Postings (04/17 - 05/31)

STS-41-D and SBS-4
IBM Oxymorons
The Bunker: What the Leak Really Reveals
IBM Breakup
Impunity and Capitalism: The Afterlives of European Financial Crises, 1690-1830
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
Adventure
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
GlobalFoundries sues IBM for flogging 'chip secrets to Intel, Rapidus'
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
IBM Downfall
Global & Local Page Replacement
What Does School Teach Children?
Punch Cards
30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
Federal Deficit and Debt
30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
Global & Local Page Replacement
30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
Not Your Grandfather's Military-Industrial-Complex
VM/370 3270 Terminal
VM/370 3270 Terminal
VM/370 3270 Terminal
VM/370 3270 Terminal
VM/370 3270 Terminal
IBM DASD
IBM DASD
IBM ACIS
Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
Public Education as a Domestic Machinery of Indoctrination and Disposability
What is the Federalist Society and What Do They Want From Our Courts?
The many ethics scandals of Clarence and Ginni Thomas, briefly explained
Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
US Auto Industry
IBM VM/370
IBM Empty Suits
Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
IBM Downfall
VM/370 3270 Terminal
VM/370 3270 Terminal
VM/370 3270 Terminal
Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
Inside the Pentagon's New "Perception Management" Office to Counter Disinformation
Why Some Climate Lawsuits Succeed While Others Crash and Burn
Economic Mess and IBM Science Center
Economic Mess and IBM Science Center
VM/370 3270 Terminal
VM/370 3270 Terminal
NSFNET (Old Farts)
VM/370 3270 Terminal
Father, Son & CO
Father, Son & CO
Dataprocessing 48hr shift
Al Gore Inventing The Internet
IBM Los Gatos Lab
Dean of the Columbia University Business School
IBM Big Blue, True Blue, Bleed Blue
IBM TLA
IBM TLA
Charlie Kirk's 'Turning Point' Pivots to Christian Nationalism
$209bn a year is what fossil fuel firms owe in climate reparations
Dataprocessing Career
$209bn a year is what fossil fuel firms owe in climate reparations
Dataprocessing Career
F15 & SST 2707
IBM Commission and Quota
IBM downturn and downfall
More Dataprocessing Career
More Dataprocessing Career
More Dataprocessing Career
TCP/IP, Internet, Ethernet, 3Tier
TCP/IP, Internet, Ethernet, 3Tier
How to Humiliate an Economist
Netherlands and Uithoorn
TCP/IP, Internet, Ethernet, 3Tier
Fortran
Fortran
Fortran
Account Transaction Update
AI means everyone can now be a programmer, Nvidia chief says
IBM Levels of Management
IBM Levels of Management
IBM Term "DASD"
IBM Term "DASD"
IBM 360/40 and CP/40
Some 3033 (and other) Trivia

STS-41-D and SBS-4

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: STS-41-D and SBS-4
Date: 17 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Early 80s, had HSDT project (T1 and higher speed computer links, both terrestrial and satellite). HSDT got transponder allocated on SBS4/SBSD going up on 41-D ... so was invited to launch party ... halted during countdown (29Aug1984) ... so went to meeting in Raleigh and then came back for the launch the next day (30Aug1984). Buzz Aldrin was squiring some Lockheed execs sitting right behind us.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STS-41-D
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buzz_Aldrin

hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

posts mentioning 41-d
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#13 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#110 private thread drift--Re: Demolishing the Tile Turtle
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#73 Remembering Space Shuttle Discovery, 30 years later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#49 Sale receipt--obligatory?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#0 By Any Other Name
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#13 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#43 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#0 Happy Challenger Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#3 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#77 End of an era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#61 End of an era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#76 Other early NSFNET backbone
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#69 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#57 watches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#36 U.S. students behind in math, science, analysis says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#76 And, 40 years of IBM midrange
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#27 My Vintage Dream PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#44 IBM-MAIN longevity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#20 IBM-MAIN longevity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#61 Damn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#41 Year-end computer bug could ground Shuttle
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#31 "25th Anniversary of the Personal Computer"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#16 Why I use a Mac, anno 2006
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#11 An Out-of-the-Main Activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#55 5963 (computer grade dual triode) production dates?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#17 Ethernet, Aloha and CSMA/CD -
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#21 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#60 JES2 NJE setup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#23 Health care and lies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#14 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#29 IBM 3725 Comms. controller - Worth saving?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#28 Western Union data communications?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#27 Tysons Corner, Virginia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Oxymorons

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Oxymorons
Date: 18 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re (in IBM, Business Ethics is an Oxymoron):
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#101 IBM Oxymorons

Some more refs about bureaucrats, careerists (and MBAs) destroying Watson legacy, downfall, one of the largest losses in history of US companies and reorging the company in preparation for breaking it up:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/

... this goes into some of the measures used to reverse the breakup and keep the company afloat
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/

pension posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
Gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Bunker: What the Leak Really Reveals

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Bunker: What the Leak Really Reveals
Date: 19 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
The Bunker: What the Leak Really Reveals
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2023/04/the-bunker-what-the-leak-really-reveals
Leaked Pentagon Doc Gives Unprecedented U.S. Intel View Into Secret Yemen War Talks. Before a Chinese-brokered Saudi-Iran détente accelerated ceasefire talks, U.S. intelligence reported Saudi Arabia and the Houthis were gearing up for brinksmanship.
https://theintercept.com/2023/04/17/yemen-war-ceasefire-leaked-document/
The Discord Leaker: The Case of the Most Unorthodox National Security Leaks in History. Jeremy Scahill, Murtaza Hussain, and Vanessa Gezari analyze the leaked top-secret Pentagon documents and the Air National Guardsman alleged to have taken them.
https://theintercept.com/2023/04/19/intercepted-podcast-pentagon-discord-leaks-national-security/

from 19Apr2019 post:

Contractors Are Giving Away America's Miiltary Edge
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2019-04-18/defense-data-breaches-pentagon-must-hold-contractors-accountable
China's Theft & Espionage: What Must Be Done; Screening Chinese students and academics isn't the solution when less than one percent of them are bad actors. So what will work?
https://breakingdefense.com/2019/04/chinas-theft-espionage-what-must-be-done/


...
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#69 Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#70 Russia Hacked Clinton's Computers Five Hours After Trump's Call
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#42 Defense contractors aren't securing sensitive information, watchdog finds

risk, fraud, exploits, threats, vulnerability post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud
data breach notification posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

"cyberdumb" specific posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#90 Navy confirms video and photo of F-35 that crashed in South China Sea are real
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#27 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#100 US Navy Contractors Hacked by China "More Than A Handful Of Times"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#56 China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#51 Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Breakup

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Breakup
Date: 19 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#74 IBM Breakup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#76 IBM Breakup

19apr2017 Facebook post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#97 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently

In the 80s, Boyd would include in briefings that former military officers were starting to contaminate US corporate culture. The issue was that officers had been indoctrinated in rigid, top-down, command&control with only those at the very top knew what they were doing. However, about the same time, articles were starting to appear that MBAs, with myopic focus on quarterly numbers were starting to destroy US businesses. Then there is this recent article:

Harvard Business School and the Propagation of Immoral Profit Strategies
http://www.newsweek.com/2017/04/14/harvard-business-school-financial-crisis-economics-578378.html


... snip ...

i.e. post from the original 19apr2017:

IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.businessinsider.com/ibm-corporate-america-history-2017-4


boyd postings & web urls
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Impunity and Capitalism: The Afterlives of European Financial Crises, 1690-1830

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Impunity and Capitalism: The Afterlives of European Financial Crises, 1690-1830
Date: 19 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
300 Years of 'Too Big to Jail." In Impunity and Capitalism, Trevor Jackson shows how, between about 1690 and 1830, financial crises stopped being crimes and were treated as everyone's fault and no one's.
https://www.nybooks.com/articles/2023/04/20/300-years-of-too-big-to-jail-impunity-and-capitalism-jackson/
Impunity and Capitalism: The Afterlives of European Financial Crises, 1690-1830
https://www.amazon.com/Impunity-Capitalism-Afterlives-Financial-1690-1830-ebook/dp/B0BBMHM6RY/

Whose fault are financial crises, and who is responsible for stopping them, or repairing the damage? Impunity and Capitalism develops a new approach to the history of capitalism and inequality by using the concept of impunity to show how financial crises stopped being crimes and became natural disasters. Trevor Jackson examines the legal regulation of capital markets in a period of unprecedented expansion in the complexity of finance ranging from the bankruptcy of Europe's richest man in 1709, to the world's first stock market crash in 1720, to the first Latin American debt crisis in 1825. He shows how, after each crisis, popular anger and improvised policy responses resulted in efforts to create a more just financial capitalism but succeeded only in changing who could act with impunity, and how. Henceforth financial crises came to seem normal and legitimate, caused by impersonal international markets, with the costs borne by domestic populations and nobody in particular at fault.

... snip ...

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
risk, fraud, exploits, threats, vulnerability post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud

example (early 1700s)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#10 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt

South Sea Company
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Sea_Company
The South Sea Bubble
https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofEngland/South-Sea-Bubble/
South Sea Bubble
https://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/ssb/history.html
South Sea Bubble
https://www.britannica.com/event/South-Sea-Bubble

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 20 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Early/mid 80s, majority of IBM revenue from mainframe hardware. Turn of century claim was mainframe hardware was only a few percent of IBM revenue (and dropping). Around 2012, analysis was mainframe hardware was only a couple percent of IBM revenue (and still dropping), but mainframe group was 25% of IBM revenue (and 40% of profit) ... nearly all software and services.

some IBM downfall posts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

Co-worker at science center was responsible for internal network (non-SNA; larger than arpanet/internet from just about beginning, until sometime mid/late 80s) ... also used for the corporate sponsored univ. "BITNET" (which was also larger than arpanet/internet for a time). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

In June 1975, MIT Professor Jerry Saltzer accompanied Hendricks to DARPA, where Hendricks described his innovations to the principal scientist, Dr. Vinton Cerf. Later that year in September 15-19 of 75, Cerf and Hendricks were the only two delegates from the United States, to attend a workshop on Data Communications at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg Austria where again, Hendricks spoke publicly about his innovative design which paved the way to the Internet as we know it today.

... snip ...

SJMerc article about Edson (he passed aug2020) and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
Also from wayback machine, some additional (IBM missed) references from Ed's website
https://web.archive.org/web/20000115185349/http://www.edh.net/bungle.htm

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
nsfnet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

trivia: An internal group was preparing a 3270 menu based infrastructure (especially for the largely computer illiterate) and were collecting internal applications for wrapping menus around (PROFS), and got a very early version of VMSG for email client. When the VMSG author offered them a much enhanced version, they tried to get him fired (folklore they had taken credit for VMSG/PROFS). After the VMSG author demonstrated his initials in every PROFS email (in non-displayed field), things quieted down. There is also folklore that in the 2nd half of the 80s, some communication group executive told the corporate executive committee that the internal network had to be converted to SNA ... or otherwise it would stop working.

note that internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes, (and VMSG in use) before PROFS available internally (product announced/available jun1983). Fyi old archived post with list of internal corporate locations that added one or more network nodes during 1983:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

some more:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

some recent posts mentioning VMSG & PROFS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#97 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#62 IBM (FE) Retain
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#18 PROFS trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#64 Trump received subpoena before FBI search of Mar-a-lago home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#29 IBM Cloud to offer Z-series mainframes for first time - albeit for test and dev
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#2 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#89 IBM PROFs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#83 Happy 50th Birthday, EMAIL!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#23 Programming Languages in IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#86 IBM EMAIL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#68 IBM ITPS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#50 PROFS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#33 IBM/PC 12Aug1981
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#30 Departure Email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#48 Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#65 IBM Computer Literacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 20 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall

Austin was doing follow-on to the Diaplaywriter using the 801/RISC ROMP chip. When the project got conceled, they decided to retarget to the unix workstation market and got the company that had done AT&T unix port to IBM/PC for PC/IX, to do one for ROMP (PC/RT) which becomes AIX. AWD did a 4mbit token-ring card for the PC/RT 16bit AT-bus. For RS/6000 (& microchannel), AWD was told that they couldn't do their own card, but had to use PS2 microchannel cards. The communication group was fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server and had severely performance kneecapped microchannel cards. For instanced, the PS2 microchannel 16mbit token-ring card had lower card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card. Joke was if RS/6000 was limited to the (severely performance kneecapped) PS2 microchannel cards (lan, disk, display, etc), it would be limited to throughput of PS2/486 for most things. The new Almaden Research bldg was heavily provisioned with CAT5, assuming use for 16mbit token-ring. However they found CAT5 10mbit ethernet had higher aggregate LAN throughput and lower LAN latency than 16mbit token-ring and $69 10mbit ethernet cards had higher card (8.5mbit) throughput than $800 16mbit token-ring card (lucky to get 1mbit) throughput.

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
communication group stranglehold
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

OS/2 trivia: old archive email from Boca about how to do multi-tasking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#email871124
note about somebody sent a note to Endicott about how to do VM multi-tasking, Endicott forwards it to Kingston, Kingston forwards it to me
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#email871204b

as undergraduate in the 60s, I redid a lot of os/360, then rewrote a lot of CP67 (precursor to VM/370), which IBM picked up and shipped. When I joined IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters (world-wide online sales&marketing support HONE systems were long time customer). In the morph of CP67->VM370, a lot of stuff was dropped or greatly simplified. I spend some of 1974, redoing a lot of the missing CP67 for VM370 for internal distribution. This was during the Future System period when 370 efforts were being killed off (I would periodically ridicule the FS activities which wasn't a particularly career enhancing activity). When FS implodes, there is mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off the quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts ... also contributes to start shipping a lot of my internal stuff for customerrs.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
dynamic adaptive resource management posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

before msdos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was Seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before Seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M

before developing cp/m, Kildall worked on IBM CP67/cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

early in ACORN (IBM/PC), Boca said that they weren't interested in software ... and an add-hoc IBM group of some 20-30 was formed in silicon valley to do software ... would touch base with Boca every month to make sure nothing had changed. Then one month, Boca changes its mind and says if you are doing ACORN software, you have to move to Boca ... and the whole effort imploded

Opel's obit ...
https://www.pcworld.com/article/243311/former_ibm_ceo_john_opel_dies.html

According to the New York Times, it was Opel who met with Bill Gates, CEO of the then-small software firm Microsoft, to discuss the possibility of using Microsoft PC-DOS OS for IBM's about-to-be-released PC. Opel set up the meeting at the request of Gates' mother, Mary Maxwell Gates. The two had both served on the National United Way's executive committee. ... snip ...

a couple posts mentioning cp/67, ms-dos, gates, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#99 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#30 IBM Change

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 20 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall

Note some of the CTSS/7094 people went to the 5th flr to do Multics .... others went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines (CP40/CMS on 360/40 modified with virtual memory hardware, and then CP67/CMS when 360/67 standard with virtual memory became available), internal network, lots of online and performance apps, invented GML 1969 (gml tag processing added to CMS "SCRIPT" ... a decade later GML morphs into ISO standard SGML, and after another decade morphs in HTML (at CERN)

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML, SGML, HTML posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

The original sql/relational RDBMS was System/R done on VM/370 ... however the first relational RDBMS (not SQL) that shipped was on MULTICS. Lots of pushback from STL & IMS group on System/R. Then while company was preoccupied with the next, great, follow-on DBMS ("EAGLE") was able to do tech transfer ("under the radar") to Endicott for SQL/DS. Then when "EAGLE" imploded there was request for how fast could System/R be ported to MVS (eventually announced as DB2 originally for decision-support *only*).

system/r posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

Later working on HA/CMP technical/scientific cluster scale-up with national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with major RDBMS vendors (they had VAXcluser support in same source base with UNIX ... I did VAXcluster APIs to make port easier) ... plans were 16system clusters mid92 and 128system clusters ye92. However end JAN92, cluster scale-up was transferred for announce as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific only) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (we leave IBM a few months later).

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 20 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#7 IBM Downfall

trivia: my wife did short stint as chief architect for Amadeus (built off EAL System One) ... didn't last long because she sided with Europe on x.25 instead of SNA ... and the communication group got her replaced. It didn't do them much good, because Europe went with x.25 anyway ... and their replacement was replaced.

Was around the edges of ACP/TPF 3081 problem ... ACP/TPF didn't have tightly-coupled support and 3081 was (initially) tightly-coupled only. New Amdahl single processor was about same MIPS as aggregate of 3081 two processors and had much higher throughput ... IBM was concerned that the whole ACP/TPF market would move to Amdahl.

After leaving IBM, got invited into SABRE to look at the things that they couldn't do. They wanted me to start with ROUTES and they gave me a computer file with full OAG. I came back two months later with complete rewrite of ROUTES for RS/6000 that did all the ten things they said they couldn't do ... included sized for ten 990s could handle all ROUTE requests for all commercial airlines in the world (not just SABRE). Turns out they didn't want me to actually do it ... they just wanted to tell the parent company board that I was working on it (board member had at one time been at STL, then ran BofA dataprocessing ... folklore he had a larger IMS development group than STL).

multiprocessor, tightly-coupled, smp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

posts mentioning amadeus, system one, routes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#96 Mainframe Assembler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#10 Google Cloud Launches Service to Simplify Mainframe Modernization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#76 lock me up, was IBM Mainframe market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#71 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 20 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#7 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#8 IBM Downfall

along the way there were some unnatural changes done to VM370 multiprocessor support for running ACP/TPF in a (single processor) virtual machine on multiprocessor real machine (specifically targeted for 3081) .. the downside was every other VM370 multiprocessor customer saw something like a 10-15% degradation. I got brought into the largest gov. vm370 customer to see if I could fix (or even better) the degradation.

Official support had visited them and had a hack to make 3270 terminal response look better attempting to obfuscate the problem ... unfortunately they were almost 100% fast ascii glass teletype. Old archived email discussing trying to offset the horrible, unnatural things done to vm370 multiprocessor customers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420

multiprocessing, tightly-coupled, smp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 21 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#7 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#8 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#9 IBM Downfall

re: 23jun1969 unbundling announce, starting to charge for (application) software (made the case that operating system/kernel software should still be free), SE services, maint., etc. SE training use to be part of group at customer site ... but couldn't figure out how not to charge for trainee SEs. Thus was the orignal motivation for HONE (hands on network experience), branch online access to CP67 virtual machine datacenters for practice with guest operating systems. Science center had also ported APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL, had to do a lot of work to adapt 16kbyte/32kbyte swapping workspaces, to demand paged large virtual memory workspaces ... also added API for system services (like file I/O) ... enabling lots of real-world applications. HONE then started providing lots of APL-based online sales&marketing support tools ... which eventually came to dominate all HONE activity (use for SE-training evaporating).

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long-time customer ... some of my 1st overseas trips was being asked to go along for the first non-US HONE installs (1st Paris and then Tokyo). US HONE datacenters were then consolidated in silicon valley (trivia: when FACEBOOK 1st moves into silicon valley, it was into a new bldg built next door to the former US HONE datacenter). In the original morph of CP67->VM370 lots of stuff was dropped (or greatly simplified) including tightly-coupled SMP support and I spent much of 1974 migrating lots of CP67 stuff to VM370. Consolidated HONE 1st had large loosely-coupled 168 complex (HONE1-HONE8) all sharing large DISK farm with load-balancing and fall-over (and a HONE9 158 for development and test). I then added SMP multiprocessor to VM370, originally for HONE so they could add a 2nd processor to HONE1-HONE8 (16 processors in single system image complex, I considered largest in the world) and to 158 HONE9.

23jun1969 unbundling posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
multiprocessor, tightly-coupled, smp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

This post about co-worker at science center responsible for the internal network ... also references difficulty that major internal software development having difficulty adapting to charging for software (revenue had to cover original development and ongoing maint/development, typically did three price forecasts; low, medium, and high ... times expected customers. Many products couldn't meet revenue requirement and there were all sorts of financial book keeping to meet requirements ... lots of jokes about extremely bloated software development ... also many references to some of the major software products were actually lean field IBMers working at customer shops (the bloated software "development" organizations were actually catchers for software that had already been developed at customer sites).
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

In 1st half of 70s, IBM had the Future System effort, completely different from 370 and going to completely replace 370. During FS, internal politics was killing off 370 efforts (claims that clone 370 makers got their market foothold because of lack of new 370 products during this period, also IBM sales/marketing increasingly having to practice "FUD"). When FS finally implodes, there is mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off the quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts in parallel. some more detailed ref:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

One of the final nails in the FS "coffin" was study by IBM Houston Science Center that applications moved from 370/195 to a FS machine made out of the fastest available hardware technology, would have throughput of 370/145 (about factor of 30times slowdown). Some FS features show up in Rochester's S/38 ... but there was lots of headroom between throughput required by Rochester customers and available hardware.

The head of POK also managed to corporate to kill the VM370 product, shutdown the development group and transfer all the people to POK for MVS/XA (claiming the otherwise MVS/XA would ship on time). They weren't going to tell the people until just before the shutdown to minimize the number that might escape. However it managed to leak and several managed to escape into the Boston area (DEC had just started VAX/VMS and joke was head of POK was major contributor to VMS). Endicott eventually managed to save the VM370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch. There was a witchhunt for the leak, but fortunately for me, nobody gave up the source.

Also in the wake of the FS debacle and the rise of 370 clone makers, it was decided to transition to start charging for operating system/kernel software. The mad rush to get stuff back into product pipelines contributed to picking up various pieces of my internal product for customers (I had continued to work on 360/370 all during FS, even periodically ridiculing what they were doing, which wasn't exactly career enhancing activity). One set was also selected as ginned pig for kernel software charging and I got to spend time with lawyers and planners. At first only new, add-on code was charged for ... until all old code was completely replaced. At the end of the transition in the early 80s, started the OCO-wars ("object code only", no more source distribution) with customers.

dynamic adaptive resource management posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

From Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993
http://www.amazon.com/Computer-Wars-The-Post-IBM-World/dp/1587981394

"and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive."

... snip ...

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 21 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#7 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#8 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#9 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#10 IBM Downfall

In 1990, Auto Industry had "C4 taskforce" to look at completely remaking themselves. Since they were planning on making extensive use of IT, they invite representatives from major IT vendors to participate (and I was one of people selected). They presented detailed account of history and circumstances

In the 70s, cheap foreign imports was starting to take over the market, lots of competition and downward price pressure. Congress then puts in import quotas, to drastically reduce competition and price pressure ... assuming the huge profits would be used to completely remake themselves. However, they just continued business as usual and just pocketed the money. The foreign competition analysis was at the quota limit, they could sell that many high-end cars (at the time industry standard took 7-8yrs to come out with new product, from inception to rolling off the line; because foreign competition was doing complete makeover of their product, they also reduced elapsed time from 7-8yrs to 3-4yrs) ... further reducing price pressure and US industry was able to nearly double the price of card in a couple years. From the law of unintended consequences, the drastic increase in auto prices required the industry to move from 36month loans to 60-72month loans. Lenders wouldn't provide the money w/o a corresponding increase in warranties ... and the industry started being killed by repair and warrenty costs (because of poor quality). Early 80s, there was (washington post?) article calling for 100% unearned profits tax on the auto industry.

At the time of the task force meetings, foreign competition was in the process of cutting the elapsed time in half again to 18-24months (able to more quickly respond to changes in technology and customer preferences). Offline, I would chide the mainframe/POK rep how was he going to contribute, since mainframes had a similar elapsed time to roll out new product (auto industry typically had two efforts going on concurrently offset 3-4yrs, so it looked like they were able to do something new more timely)

C4 taskforce meeting posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

Disclaimer: I left IBM in 1992 and in Jan1999 I was asked to help prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). Note at the time of using TARP funds for the US auto industry ... it was clear that numerous stake holders continued to inhibit the makeovers.

In posts about IBM "downfall", I mention sponsoring Boyd's briefings at IBM ... then in 89/90, the Commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for a makeover of the Corps ... at a time when IBM was desperately in need of a makeover ... a couple years later IBM has one of the largest losses in history of US companies and was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/

Boyd postings and web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

other trivia: Some stanford people came to IBM Palo Alto Science Center about IBM producing a workstation they had developed. IBM PASC called a review for internal IBMers to attend ... afterwards several claimed that they were doing things much better (and IBM declined). The Stanford people then form a company to produce their "SUN" computers.

some past stanford/sun/pasc refs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#11 Open Software Foundation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#30 Unix work-alike
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#100 IBM Lost Opportunities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#90 Silicon Valley
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#19 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#15 EasyLink email ad
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#98 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#58 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#39 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#80 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#52 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#30 Stanford University Network (SUN) 3M workstation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#74 Convergent Technologies vs Sun
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a John Hartmann's Birthday Party

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 21 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#7 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#8 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#9 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#10 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#11 IBM Downfall

then there is IBM Jargon
https://comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

I was blamed for Tandem Memos (online computer conferencing) on the IBM internal network ... only about 300 actively participated, but claims upwards of 25,000 were reading. Folklore is that when corporate executive committee was told, 5of6 wanted to fire me.

online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 22 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#7 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#8 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#9 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#10 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#11 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#12 IBM Downfall

some long winded posts starting with Learson trying to block the bureaucrats and careerists (& MBAs) from destroying the Watson legacy (and nearly taking the company down; one of the largest losses in history of US companies and reorganizing the company into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company).
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/

we had already left the company, but get a call from the bowels of Armonk asking if we could help with the breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts.

AMEX was in competition with KKR for private equity (LBO) takeover of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble with RJR and hires the AMEX president to help.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Then the IBM Board hires the former president of AMEX as new CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same tactics used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
above some IBM related specifics from
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
pensions posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
stock buyback posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

mentioning stock buybacks and IBM becoming financial engineering company
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#74 IBM Breakup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#118 IBM Breakup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#105 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#91 How the Ukraine War - and COVID-19 - is Affecting Inflation and Supply Chains
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#46 IBM deliberately misclassified mainframe sales to enrich execs, lawsuit claims
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#115 IBM investors staged 2021 revolt over exec pay
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#52 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#108 Not counting dividends IBM delivered an annualized yearly loss of 2.27%
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#54 Automated Benchmarking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#11 General Electric Breaks Up
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#3 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#101 Who Says Elephants Can't Dance?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#47 Economists to Cattle Ranchers: Stop Being So Emotional About the Monopolies Devouring Your Family Businesses
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#80 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#63 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#32 Counterfeit Capitalism: Why a Monopolized Economy Leads to Inflation and Shortages
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#18 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#20 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#11 Miami Building Collapse Could Profoundly Change Engineering
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#57 "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#55 3380 disk capacity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#24 IBM Remains Big Tech's Disaster
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#6 Financial Engineering
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#4 Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#9 Rise and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#72 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#21 Financial Engineering
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#22 OT: book: "Capital in the Twenty-First Century"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#97 IBM Another Disappointment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#33 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Adventure

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Adventure
Date: 22 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
I would drop by TYMSHARE periodically and/or see them at the monthly BAYBUNCH meetings at SLAC
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
they then made their CMS-based online computer conferencing system available to the (mainframe user group) SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
for free in Aug1976 ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get a monthly tape dump off all VMSHARE files for putting up on the internal network and systems (biggest problem was IBM lawyers concerned internal employess would be contaminated with information about customers).

On one visit they demo'ed ADVENTURE game. Somebody had found it on Stanford SAIL PDP10 system and ported to VM/CMS system. I got copy and made it available internally (would send source to anybody that could show they got all the points). Shortly versions with more points appeared and a port to PLI.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossal_Cave_Adventure

trivia: they told a story about TYMSHARE executive finding out people were playing games on their systems ... and directed TYMSHARE was for business use and all games had to be removed. He quickly changed his mind when told that game playing had increased to 30% of TYMSHARE revenue.

Most IBM internal systems had "For Business Purposes Only" on the 3270 VM370 login screen; however, IBM San Jose Research had "For Management Approved Uses Only". It played a role when corporate audit said all games had to be removed and we refused.

some past posts mentioning computer games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#53 Adventure Game
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#1 IBM Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#57 Computer Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#85 IBM Auditors and Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#66 Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#6 Some fun with IBM acronyms and jargon (was Re: Auditors Don't Know Squat!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#4 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#45 History of performance counters

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 22 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#7 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#8 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#9 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#10 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#11 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#12 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#13 IBM Downfall

within a year of taking two credit hr intro to fortran/computers, univ hires me fulltime responsible for os/360. Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into a small group into Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I think Renton datacenter is possibly largest in the world (couple hundred million in IBM systems), 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room.

Then when I graduate, I join IBM (instead of staying at Boeing). One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters (including world-wide online sales&marketing support HONE was long time customer). Much of what I did was in-spite of top IBM ... having to deal with the infrastrcuture that Learson was trying to fight (that was going to nearly take down the company).
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 22 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#7 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#8 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#9 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#10 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#11 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#12 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#13 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#15 IBM Downfall

late 70s/early 80s, GPD (later adstar ... part of reorg for breaking up the company, but after breakup was reversed, adstar sold off) had "DataHub" project (client/server, distributed computing) ... some was subcontracted to univ. related company in Provo and somebody was commuting from San Jose to Provo nearly every week. Later GPD was directed to shutdown DataHub (and the Provo operations apparently allowed to retain their work paid for by IBM, about that time the Provo Novell company was formed). I sponsored an advance technology conference spring of 1982 that included DataHub project ... old post discussing my 1982 adtech conference
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal networks in the late 70s and early 80s (precursor to modern social media). It really took off the spring of 1981 when I distributed a trip report about visit to Jim Gray at Tandem. Only about 300 actively participated, but claims upwards of 25,000 were reading. Then six copies of 300 pages were printed, and packaged in TANDEM 3-ring binders, with an executive summary and summary of the summary ... which were sent to the corporate executive committee. Folklore was that 5of6 wanted to fire me.

a little from the (summer 1981) summary of summary:

• The perception of many technical people in IBM is that the company is rapidly heading for disaster. Furthermore, people fear that this movement will not be appreciated until it begins more directly to affect revenue, at which point recovery may be impossible

• Many technical people are extremely frustrated with their management and with the way things are going in IBM. To an increasing extent, people are reacting to this by leaving IBM Most of the contributors to the present discussion would prefer to stay with IBM and see the problems rectified. However, there is increasing skepticism that correction is possible or likely, given the apparent lack of commitment by management to take action

• There is a widespread perception that IBM management has failed to understand how to manage technical people and high-technology development in an extremely competitive environment.


... snip ...

i.e. it takes another decade (1981 to 1992)

... from IBM Jargon
https://comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

There was taskforce formed to study the online computer conferencing phenomena resulting in officially sponsored computer conferencing software and officially sanctioned & moderated online forums. There was also a researcher paid to sit in the back of my office for nine months taking notes on my face-to-face and telephone conversations, go copies of all my incoming and outgoing email and logs of all my instant messages (material was used for IBM reports, conferences talks&papers, books and Stanford Phd; joint with Language and Computer AI).

online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Late 80s, senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at world-wide, annual, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was the communication group had corporate resonsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing ... and the disk division was seeing drop in disk sales with data fleeing datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms. GPD had come up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly veto'ed by the communication group. The communication group stranglehold on datacenters affecting all mainframe business and a couple years later, IBM has one of the largest losses in history of US companies (and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The GPD/adstar software VP, as a (small) countermeasure, was investing in distributed computing startups that would use IBM disks ... and he would periodically ask us to drop in on his investments to see if we could provide any help.

communication group datacenter stranglehold
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

trivia: after leaving IBM, besides being asked to help with the breakup of the company ... I was also getting email from various IBMers ... one referenced email distributed in Hudson valley asking that the last person to leave POK, to please turn out the lights. Others referenced that the top executives weren't paying attention to business but myopically focused on moving expenses from the following year into the current year. We asked our contact in the bowels of Armonk. He said that the executives wouldn't get a bonus for the current year (since it was in the red), but if they could move expenses to sufficiently nudge the following year even slightly into the black, the way the bonus plan was written, they would get a bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (effectively rewarded for taking the company into the red).

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

some other past posts mentioning DataHub
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#36 OS/2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#100 IBM Lost Opportunities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#102 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#128 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#39 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#21 The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#27 Ethernet at 40: Its daddy reveals its turbulent youth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#4 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#14 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#18 John R. Opel, RIP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#59 The first personal computer (PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#3 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#15 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#58 When did "client server" become part of the language?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#68 New machine code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#36 Making tea
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#8 MAINFRAME Training with IBM Certification and JOB GUARANTEE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#53 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#35 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#86 The Unexpected Fact about the First Computer Programmer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#21 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#49 How difficult would it be for a SYSPROG ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#17 Is computer history taught now?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#31 "The Elements of Programming Style"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#39 Token-ring vs Ethernet - 10 years later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#36 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#9 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#23 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#16 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#13 Alpha performance, why?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#26 MP cost effectiveness
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#33 Over-the-shoulder effect
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#79 Coulda, Woulda, Shoudda moments?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#19 When will IBM buy Sun?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#40 No more innovation? Get serious

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GlobalFoundries sues IBM for flogging 'chip secrets to Intel, Rapidus'

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: GlobalFoundries sues IBM for flogging 'chip secrets to Intel, Rapidus'.
Date: 23 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
GlobalFoundries sues IBM for flogging 'chip secrets to Intel, Rapidus'. When it rains, it pours, huh, Pat?
https://www.theregister.com/2023/04/19/globalfoundries_sues_ibm/

GlobalFoundries asserts that following its acquisition of IBM's microelectronics business in 2015, GF obtained the "sole and exclusive right to license and disclose" that unit's chip-making technology. GlobalFoundries is therefore quite cross that IBM has seemingly given Intel and Rapidus this kind of tech behind GF's back, technology GF says it owns.

... snip ...

patent trivia: after leaving IBM, was involved in doing some security invention (specifically involving secure transactions and access control) and working with a patent boutique law firm. Claims packaged as nearly 50 patents and they said it would be over hundred when done. Then executive of company working for, looked at the cost of filing that many patents, directed that all the claims be repackaged as nine patents (instead of 100+ normal sized patents). After filing, the patent office came back and said they were getting tired of getting humongous patents (where the filing fee didn't even cover the cost of reading all the claims) and directed that the claims be repackaged as at least 2-3 dozen patents.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

some past posts mentioning the patents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#103 AADS Chip Strawman
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#74 Electronic Signature
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#87 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#19 IBM's innovation: Topping the US patent list for 28 years running
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#24 Microsoft says mandatory password changing is "ancient and obsolete"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#62 Cobol
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#95 Tandem Memos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#20 April 1st Corporate Directive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#14 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#44 More on Mannix and the computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#41 History of Mainframe Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#39 History of Mainframe Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#104 PC Compromise and Internet Transactions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#12 The FBI Is Wrongly Telling People To Change Passwords 'Frequently'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#3 Loma Prieta earthquake
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#63 Missile Defense
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#81 Why you need a strong authentication platform
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#6 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#66 Catching Up on the OPM Breach
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#68 R.I.P. Gene Amdahl, pioneer in mainframe computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#5 NYT on Sony hacking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#56 The Road Not Taken: Knowing When to Keep Your Mouth Shut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#42 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#78 Firefox 32 supports Public Key Pinning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#101 Reflexivity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#65 Cracking IBM Mainframe Password Hashes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#22 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#21 8080 BASIC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#20 Louis V. Gerstner Jr. lays out his post-IBM life
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#22 Check out Moto X: Motorola reveals plans for ink and even pills to replace AL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#53 slightly O/T but interesting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#39 ICSF Symmetric Key being sent to a non-zOS system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#75 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#73 Operating System, what is it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#11 There's Not an App for That: When Will Our Smartphones Be Recongized as Valid Forms of ID?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#3 Quitting Top IBM Salespeople Say They Are Leaving In Droves
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 Password shortcomings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#36 RFC6507 Ellipitc Curve-Based Certificate-Less Signatures
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#88 EFF proposes new method to strengthen Public Key Infrastructure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#90 A History of VM Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#77 towards https everywhere and strict transport security (was: Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#63 32nd AADS Patent, 24Aug2010
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#58 A mighty fortress is our PKI
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#5 Does an 'operator error' counts as a 'glitch?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#41 Should the USA Implement EMV?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#3 "Unhackable" Infineon Chip Physically Cracked - PCWorld
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#7 "Unhackable" Infineon Chip Physically Cracked - PCWorld
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#41 Crypto dongles to secure online transactions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#40 Crypto dongles to secure online transactions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#57 MasPar compiler and simulator
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#4 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#61 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#51 Replace the current antiquated credit card system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#31 password safes for mac
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#54 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#43 May 26, 1981: Programmer-Attorney Wins First U.S. Software Patent
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#8 Supercomputers and electronic commerce
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#62 Solving password problems one at a time, Re: The password-reset paradox
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#44 Chip and PIN for ID cards: Not such a sharp idea?; Hackers PINing after your details
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#75 The Future Shape of Payments Is Anything But Flat
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#21 ATMs At Risk
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#26 Return of the Smart Card?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#30 SIM-based mobile signature solution to launch new applications
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#79 PIN entry on digital signatures + extra token
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#23 Your views on the increase in phishing crimes such as the recent problem French president Sarkozy faces
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#21 Would you say high tech authentication gizmo's are a waste of time/money/effort?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#11 Can Smart Cards Reduce Payments Fraud and Identity Theft?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#10 Strings story
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#45 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#33 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#94 Lynn - You keep using the term "we" - who is "we"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#5 Public Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#8 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#53 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#5 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#59 ANN: Microsoft goes Open Source
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#36 Security via hardware?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#73 "Designing and implementing malicious hardware"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#61 Linus: Security is "people wanking around with their opinions"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#49 Governance of anonymous financial services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#35 Failure of PKI in messaging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#1 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 23 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#7 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#8 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#9 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#10 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#11 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#12 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#13 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#15 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#16 IBM Downfall

see this analysis about corporate execs and IBM/PC decisions
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler

the other scenario I frequently mention is the communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing ... trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm .... they were blocking solutions to integrate mainframes into the new paradigms with their death grip/stranglehold on mainframe datacenters with their corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls. They were also performance kneecaping IBM/PC products trying to limit them as much as possible to little other than 3270 emulation.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
other posts:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/

communication group "death grip" posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 24 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#18 IBM Downfall

Note that unable to buck corporate politics and override communication group veto of disk division developed IBM "logo'ed" client/server and distributed computing products, the Adstar software VP fell back to investing in distributed computing startups that would use IBM disks ... and he would periodically ask us to stop by some of his investments and see if we could provide any aid. One was NCAR supercomputer filesystem spin-off, "Mesa Archival" in Boulder. It and LLNL supercomputer filesystem (as "Unitree") were being done on our (RS/6000) HA/CMP product.

HA/CMP had started out as HA/6000 for NYtimes to port their newspaper system (ATEX) off VAXCluster to RS/6000. When I start doing technical/scientific cluster scale-up with the national labs and commercial cluster/scale-up with RDBMS vendors (Oracle, Sybase, Informix, Ingres), rename it HA/CMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing, plans for 16-way by mid92 and 128-way ye92). trivia: the four major RDBMS vendors had VAXcluster support in same source base as UNIX ... so I provide APIs with vaxcluster "semantics" to ease the port. Then, end Jan92, HA/CMP cluster scale-up is transferred for announce as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (we leave IBM a few months later).

trivia: disk division was involved in mainframe tcp/ip and communication group was fighting off its announce&release. When they lost that battle, they changed their strategy and said that since they had corporate ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls, it had to be released through them. What shipped got 44kbytes/sec aggregate using nearly whole 3090 processor. I do the enhancements to support RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between IBM 4341 and Cray, got sustained IBM channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

Later communication hired a silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP support directly in VTAM. What he demo'ed had TCP throughput much higher than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "knows" that LU6.2 throughput is much higher than a "proper" TCP/IP implementation ... and they would only be paying for a "proper" implementation

communication group "death grip" posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
mainframe rfc1044 support posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

posts mentioning "Mesa Archival" and "Unitree"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#52 ESnet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#93 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#2 IBM ESCON Experience
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#116 Next Generation Global Prediction System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#41 The Rise and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#67 Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#68 30 yr old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#9 3270s & other stuff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#46 Slackware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#47 IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#34 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#71 LPARs: More or Less?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#42 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#51 Barbless
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#47 IBM Unionization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#29 CRAM, DataCell, and 3850
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#16 Device and channel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#15 Device and channel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#12 Device and channel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#6 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#31 360/370 disk drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#29 360/370 disk drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#61 GE 625/635 Reference + Smart Hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#46 What goes into a 3090?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#66 commodity storage servers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 24 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#18 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#19 IBM Downfall

starting with Learson trying to block bureaucrats, careerists (and MBAs) destroying Watson legacy.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. The first time I tried to do it through plant site employee education. At first they agreed and then as I provided more information about content related to prevailing in competitive environment, they change their mind. They said that IBM spends a great deal of money training managers in how to handle employees and they felt it wouldn't be in IBM best interests to expose general employees to Boyd briefings. I should restrict the audience to senior members of competitive analysis departments. First briefing was in SJR bldg28 auditorium, open to all IBMers.

as I've mentioned periodically in 89/90, the Commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for a corps make-over ... at a time when IBM was desperately in need of make-over (and the two organizations had approx. same number of people) ... a couple years later IBM had one of the largest losses in history of US companies.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/

Boyd posts and web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

some past posts trying to get plant site employee education to sponsor Boyd briefing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#70 IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#53 What is IBM culture?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#14 Innovation and iconoclasm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#65 They always think we don't understand

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 25 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Learson trying to block the bureaucrats, careerists (& MBAs) destroying the Watson Legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/

I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) in the late 70s and early 80s. Really took off spring of 81 with lots of the problems ... only about 300 actively participated, claims were that as many as 25,000 reading. Then printed six copies of 300 pages packaged in TANDEM 3-ring binders, along with executive summary and summary of summary, were sent to the corporate executive committee. Folklore is that 5of6 wanted to fire me.

Took another decade, (81->92, some reference inextracts of '81 summary of summary in linkedin posts), company has one of the largest losses in history of US companies. The company was being re-orged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
https://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

we had already left IBM, but get a call from the bowels of Armonk (corp hdqtrs) asking if we could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts.

AMEX was in competition with KKR for private equity (LBO) takeover of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble with RJR and hires the AMEX president to help.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Then the IBM Board hires the former president of AMEX as new CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same tactics used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
above some IBM related specifics from
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. In 89/90, the commandant of Marine Corps leverages Boyd for makeover of the corps, at a time when IBM was desperately in need of make-over (at the time, the two organizations had approx. the same number of people). Boyd had passed in 1997, but there continued to be Boyd conferences at Marine Corps Univ. in Quantico.

online computer communication posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
pension posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions

Boyd posts and web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 26 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#18 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#19 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#20 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#21 IBM Downfall

First IBM/PC (but then the IBM/PC clones) "crushed" everybody else

Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures
http://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/
and has graph of personal computer sales 1975-1980
http://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/3/
and graph from 1980 to 1984 ... with the only serious competitor to PC in number of sales was commodore 64
http://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/4/
and then from 1984 to 1987 the ibm pc (and clones) starting to completely swamp
http://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/5
87-90 all but PC&clones pretty much disappear
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/6/
90-94, PC&clones with a little bit of Macintosh
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/7/

trivia: first part of 80s, my brother was apple regional market rep (largest physical territory CONUS) ... when he came into town for meetings at Apple hdqtrs, I would get invited to business dinners ... and got to argue mac design with the developers, even before mac was 1st announced. He also figured out how to remote log into the IBM S/38 that ran Apple ... to track manufacturing and delivery schedules.

and as previously posted ... Learson trying to fight the bureaucrats, careerists (& MBAs) destroying Watson legacy ... two decades, 72-92, to nearly take down the company ... IBM has one of the largest losses in history of US companies, being re-orged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
and
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/

Late 70s to early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the IBM internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s). It really took off spring of '81 ... only about 300 directly participated, but claims upward of 25,000 was reading. Six copies of 300 pages were printed, packaged in TANDEM 3-ring binders, along with executive summary and summary of the summary ... and sent to the corporate executive committee (folklore is 5of6 wanted to fire me).

Co-worker at the science center responsible for the internal network
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
technology also used for the corporate sponsored univ. BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time).

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

past posts mentioning arstechnica PC market article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#109 terminals and servers, was How convergent was the general use of binary floating point?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#41 Christmas 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#33 IBM/PC 12Aug1981
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#137 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#28 XT/370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#49 PC Personal Computing Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#103 Old word processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#73 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#72 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#54 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#28 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#80 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#56 Steve Jobs passed away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#4 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#68 The Rise and Fall of Commodore
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#5 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#76 Why Didn't Digital Catch the Wave?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#63 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM

past posts mentioning a Dataquest pc market study for IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#107 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#53 IBM Personal Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#36 OS/2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#72 IBM OS/2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#89 Silicon Valley
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#68 OS/2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#23 IBM "Breakup"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#94 What would Klinger look like in business attire?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#46 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#44 Slackware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#5 Houses
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#60 more on (the new 40+ yr old) virtualization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#21 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 26 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
IBM downturn in early 70s coincided with both Learson trying to block the bureaucrats, careerists (and MBAs) destroying the watson legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
and the failed Future System effort, the implosion was just part of the long downslide
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
reference to the future system implosion: From Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993
http://www.amazon.com/Computer-Wars-The-Post-IBM-World/dp/1587981394

and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

FS was completely different from 370 and was going to completely replace it (internal politics was killing off 370 efforts, and lack of new 370 products during the period is credited with given the clone 370 makers their market foothold, as well as sales&marketing had to increasingly fall back on FUD). When F/S implodes, there is mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines including kicking off the quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts in parallel (as well as throwing many of the advanced technology groups into the development breach/gap).

It takes another two decades (72-92), IBM has one of the largest losses in history of US companies and was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company ...
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
https://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html
we had already left IBM, but we get a call from the bowels of Armonk (corp hdqtrs) asking if we could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts. Before we get started, the board brings in a new CEO that reverses the breakup.

more
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 27 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#23 IBM Downfall

I had continued to work on 360&370 all during the Future System debacle ... even periodically ridiculing FS (which wasn't a career enhancing activity). After FS implodes, I was con'ed into helping Endicott do microcode assist/ECPS for virgil/tully (138/148) ... old archived post with original analysis use for selecting what was to be microcoded:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

then was con'ed into running around the world, helping present the 138/148 business cases to forecasters and business planners ... and learned one of the differences between US and World Trade. In World Trade, business planners were held accountable for poor forecasts since the countries placed an order and had to "eat" unsold products. In US regions and DPD hdqtrs, forecasters usually did what ever corporate said was "strategic" ... regardless of the actual results, career was based on conforming with strategic direction ... since it was manufacturing plants that would "eat" unsold products (manufacturing always had to redo US forecasts because US marketing weren't held accountable).

This was during the rise of clone 370 makers and WT said that there would be zero 138/148 sales unless they had some IBM differentiating features. US forecasting said that it didn't make any difference what features an IBM product had, as long as it had the "IBM" label (part of the downward slide to 1992 and reorg in preparation for breaking up the company).

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards

... snip ...

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html

Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change.

... snip ...

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

some past posts mentioning 138/148, forecasts, and following strategic direction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#33 138/148
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#62 MAINFRAME (4341) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#37 What is IBM culture?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#42 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#44 1960s: IBM mgmt mistrust of SLT for ICs?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#18 DOS/360: Forty years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#16 DOS/360: Forty years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#62 microsoft antitrust

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 27 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#23 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#24 IBM Downfall

I was at IBM cambridge science center and then san jose research ... got to wander around lots of customers and IBM locations ...one my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... including world-wide online sales/marketing HONE system (when HONE systems were 1st deployed over seas .. HONE asked me go along for the installation). Later I rewrote i/o supervisor so disk engineering and development could move from 7x24, prescheduled stand alone testing to any amount of concurrent on-demand testing. Most of my time at IBM was doing stuff in spite of rest of IBM (like when I refused to work on FS ... even when told that was the only way to get promotions ... even would periodically ridicule what FS was doing). Downside of helping disk engineering and development was they wanted me to increasingly spend my time playing disk engineer. Many times I would wander into some part of IBM and offer help ... they were glad ... but knew not to make it known to higher ups ... top of IBM really hated that so much was dependent on stuff I worked on.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
playing disk engineer in bldg14 & bldg15
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

I took a two credit hr intro to fortran/computers, within year I was hired fulltime by the univ to support OS/360. trivia: originally univ. had 709 (tape->tape) and 1401 (handling unit record), student fortran ran less than second. Univ. was sold 360/67 to replace 709/1401, originally for TSS/360; TSS/360 never came to production fruition, so ran as 360/65 with OS/360. Originally student fortran ran over minute on OS/360, I install HASP and cuts time in half, I then completely redo STAGE2 SYSGEN, carefully placing datasets and PDS members to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multitrack search, cutting time by another 2/3rds to 12.9sec. OS/360 student jobsnever gets faster than 709 until I install WATFOR.

Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help form Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all data processing into independent business group to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thought Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world, couple hundred million in 360 systems, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around machine room. Lot of politics between Renton datacenter manager and CFO who only had 360/30 up at Boeing Field for payroll (although they enlarge it for 360/67 for me to play with when I wasn't doing other stuff). When I graduate, I join science center instead of staying at Boeing.

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. One of his stories was about being very vocal that the electronics across the trail wouldn't work ... so possibly in punishment he is put in command of "spook base" (about the same time I'm at Boeing). His biography mentions "spook base" was $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (ten times Renton). a couple refs:
https://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Boyd posts & web urls
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

A decade ago, I asked to try and track down decision to have virtual memory for all 370s ... and found IBMer that had been staff member to executive making the decision. Basically MVT storage management was so bad that regions had to be four time larger than used; result was typical 1mbyte 370/165 could only have four concurrent executing regions, insufficient to keep processor busy and justified. Moving to virtual memory, could increase number of concurrent regsion by factor of four (with little or no paging). Old archive posting with some of the email exchange:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

SHARE user group song which made known that customers weren't converting to MVS as planned (even when declared strategic), so IBM added a $4k bonus incentive
http://www.mxg.com/thebuttonman/boney.asp

Still working with Endicott related to ECPS and get asked to help with project to do 16 processor tightly-coupled 360 multiprocessor and we also con the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time (lot more interesting that remapping 168 logic to 20% faster chips). Everybody thought it was really great until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system (MVS) had effective 16-way processor (POK doesn't ship 16-way mainframe until after turn of century, over 20yrs later). Then some of us are invited to never visit POK again, and the 3033 processor engineers told heads down and not get distracted (3033 processor engineers had me sneak back into POK anyway).

SMP, tightly-coupled, multiprocessor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

Part of playing disk engineer in bldg14&bld15, I wrote research report about the work to support them ... and happened to mention they told me they had 1st tried MVS, but it had 15min MTBF (in that environment), requiring manual re-ipl. This brought down the wrath of the MVS organization on my head (they apparently found it they couldn't force getting me fired), in any case the organized did the best to polish the image much better than it actually was. Note when 3380s were about to ship, FE had 57 simulated errors that were expected to occur, in all 57 cases, MVS would fail (requiring manual re-IPL) and in 2/3rds of the cases there was no indication of what caused the failure. some old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#email801015

Trivia: when MVS/XA was finally released, again customers weren't migrating to it as claimed/forecasted ... and special stuff had to be done again.

1980, STL was bursting at the seams and was relocating 300 people from the IMS group to off-site bldg (just south of main plant site) with dataprocessing back to the STL datacenter. They had tried remote 3270 support, but found the human factors totally unacceptable. I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support so they can place channel-attached 3270 controllers at the off-site bldg with no preceived different in human factors (compared to in STL). The hardware vendor tries to get IBM to release my support, but there was a group in POK playing with some serial stuff (apparently afraid if it was in the market), that got it vetoed.

channel-extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

past posts mentioning channel-extender boxes also improved mainframe throughput by 10-15% (by significantly reducing channel busy compared to direct channel-attached 3270 controllers)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#26 IBM "nine-net"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#75 11May1992 (25 years ago) press on cluster scale-up
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#53 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#42 20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#17 Deja Cloud?

Roll forward to 1988, IBM branch office asks me to help LLNL (national lab) with getting some serial stuff that they are playing with, standardized; which quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (FCS, including some stuff I had done in 1980), initially full-duplex 1gbit (2gbit aggregate, 200mbyte). Then the POK engineers get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON (when it is already obsolete, 17mbyte). Then some POK engineers get involved in FCS and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput, which eventually is released as FICON. The most recent published FICON benchmarks I can find is Z196 "peak i/o" benchmark that got 2M IOPS using 104 FICON. About the same time a FCS is announced to E5-2600 blades that claimed over million IOPS (i.e. two such FCS having higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 FCS).

FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

FICON
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FICON
Fibre Channel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel

other Fibre Channel:

Fibre Channel Protocol
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel_Protocol
Fibre Channel switch
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel_switch
Fibre Channel electrical interface
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel_electrical_interface
Fibre Channel over Ethernet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel_over_Ethernet

Trivia: I would attend BAYBUNCH customer user group meetings held at SLAC and also call on various customers like TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
In Aug1976, TYMSHARE made their CMS-based online computer conferencing free to the (user group) SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
as VMSHARE ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE files for putting up on internal network and internal systems (including world-wide, onlines sales&marketing support HONE systems). The biggest problem I had was with IBM lawyers who were concerned that internal IBM employees could be contaminated direclty exposed to customers (and/or what they were being told by IBM executives weren't what customers were actually saying).

(virtual machine based) commercial online service bureaus
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Global & Local Page Replacement

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Global & Local Page Replacement
Date: 28 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
z/VM 50th - part 8
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50-part-8-lynn-wheeler/>

I took 2 credit hr intro to fortran&computers, then within a year of taking intro class, univ. hires me fulltime responsible for os/360. Univ. had 709/1401 and was sold a 360/67 for tss/360, however tss/360 never came to production fruition so ran (mostly) as 360/65 with os/360. Univ. shutdown datacenter and I had it dedicated to myself all weekend, although 48hrs w/o sleep made Monday morning classes difficult. Student fortran job ran under second on 709 (tape->tape). Initially on OS/360, ran over a minute. I install HASP and that cuts time in half. I then redo STAGE2 SYSGEN to carefully place datasets and PDS members to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multitrack search cutting it by another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. It never got better than 709 until I install Univ. of Waterloo WATFOR.

Three people from science center came out install CP67 (3rd after CSC itself and MIT lincoln labs). I mostly played with it on weekends, rewriting lots of code, pathlenghs, paging&scheduling algorithms (GLOBAL LRU page replacement and dynamic adaptive resource management), disk ordered seek queuing, chained page requests (optimized for transfers per revolution), TTY/ASCII terminal support, bunch of other stuff. 2301 drum had been FIFO single transfers per I/O, around 70-80 4k transfers/sec; I got it up to 270 4k transfers/sec. (most of the changes were picked up by CSC and incorporated in distributed CP/67). Old archived post with part of 1968 SHARE user group presentation (mostly about pathlength work).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

At about the same time, there were some academic publications about paging algorithms and working set controls.

Before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I think Renton is possibly largest datacenter in the world, couple hundred million in IBM 360 systems and 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room. Lots of politics between Renton datacenter director and CFO, who only had a 360/30 up at Boeing Field fo payroll (although they enlarge the machine room and install 360/67 for me to play with when I'm not doing other stuff). When I graduate, I join the IBM science center (instead of staying at Boeing).

Jim Gray had departed IBM SJR for Tandem in fall of 1980 (palming off some DBMS/RDMS & System/R stuff on me). A year later, at Dec81 ACM SIGOPS meeting, he asked me to help a TANDEM co-worker get his Stanford PHD that heavily involved GLOBAL LRU (and the "local LRU" forces from 60s academic work, were heavily lobbying Stanford to not award a PHD for anything involving GLOBAL LRU). Jim knew I had detailed stats on the Cambridge/Grenoble global/local LRU comparison (showing global significantly outperformed local). Early 70s, IBM Grenoble Science Center had a 1mbyte 360/67 (155 4k pageable pages) running 35 CMS uses and had modified "standard" CP67 with working set dispatcher and local LRU page replacement ... corresponding to 60s academic papers. I was at Cambridge which had 768kbyte 360/67 (104 4k pageable pages, only 2/3rds the number of Grenoble) and running 80 CMS users, similar kind of workloads, similar response, similar throughput (but more than twice as many users) running "standard" CP67 that I had originally done as undergraduate in the 60s. In addition to the Grenoble APR73 CACM article, I also had loads of detailed background performance data from Grenoble.

IBM executives stepped in and blocked me sending a response for nearly a year (I hoped it was part of the punishment for being blamed for online computer conferencing in the late 70s through the early 80s on the company internal network ... and not that they were meddling in the academic dispute). Part of eventual response
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019
recent related mentioning online computer conferencing
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

some refs:

L. Belady, A Study of Replacement Algorithms for a Virtual Storage Computer, IBM Systems Journal, V5N2, 1966 L. Belady, The IBM History of Memory Management Technology, IBM Journal of R&D, V35N5 R. Carr, Virtual Memory Management, Stanford University, STAN-CS-81-873 (1981) R. Carr and J. Hennessy, WSClock, A Simple and Effective Algorithm for Virtual Memory Management, ACM SIGOPS, v15n5, 1981 P. Denning, Working sets past and present, IEEE Trans Softw Eng, SE6, jan80 J. Rodriquez-Rosell, The design, implementation, and evaluation of a working set dispatcher, CACM16, APR73 D. Hatfield J. Gerald, Program Restructuring for Virtual Memory, IBM Systems Journal, v10n3, 1971

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
paging algorithm posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock
dynamic adaptive resource management posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
System/R (original SQL/Releational) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

past posts referencing the response for Gray's TANDEM co-worker
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#76 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#56 Tandem Memos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#45 MGLRU Revved Once More For Promising Linux Performance Improvements
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#80 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#18 Windows 11 is now available
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#82 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#62 Virtual Machine Debugging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#38 Some CP67, Future System and other history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#5 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#63 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#62 LRU ... "global" vs "local"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#95 Tandem Memos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#78 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#66 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#52 Some IBM Research RJ reports
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#24 Disorder
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#40 Floating point registers or general purpose registers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#2 S/360 stacks, was self-modifying code, Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#90 IBM Embraces Virtual Memory -- Finally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#39 Virtual Memory Management
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#138 How hyper threading works? (Intel)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#22 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#98 z/OS physical memory usage with multiple copies of same load module at different virtual addresses
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#97 IBM architecture, was Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#14 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#70 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#30 By Any Other Name
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#42 True LRU With 8-Way Associativity Is Implementable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#7 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#49 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#17 I do not understand S0C6 on CDSG
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#18 interactive, dispatching, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#37 S/360 architecture, was PDP-10 system calls
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#25 VM370 40yr anniv, CP67 44yr anniv
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#21 Closure in Disappearance of Computer Scientist
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#17 5 Byte Device Addresses?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#53 Odd variant on clock replacement algorithm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#73 Wylbur, Orvyl, Milton, CRBE/CRJE were all used (and sometimes liked) in the past
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#82 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#88 Hillgang -- VM Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#8 The first personal computer (PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#70 Speed of Old Hard Disks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#41 Central vs. expanded storage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#5 Memory v. Storage: What's in a Name?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#23 OS idling
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#18 How to analyze a volume's access by dataset
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#44 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#0 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#85 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#7 Future architectures
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#32 squirrels
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#6 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#79 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#70 New test attempt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#3 Fantasy-Land_Hierarchal_NUMA_Memory-Model_on_Vertical
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#16 Kernels
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#65 No Glory for the PDP-15
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#18 What to do with extra storage on new z9
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#56 SVCs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#47 SVCs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#46 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What Does School Teach Children?

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What Does School Teach Children?
Date: 29 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook


What Does School Teach Children?
1. Truth Comes From Authority 2. Intelligence is the ability to remember and repeat 3. Accurate memory and repetition are rewarded 4. Non-compliance is punished 5. Conform: intellectually and socially

... snip ...

... stuff I've read for past couple decades is US school system since 1900 is Capitalism factory workers teaching sober, compliant/docile and obedient ... some of it from conferences at Marine Corps Univ in Quantico

In addition to sober, compliant/docile and obedient, bullying is also long time part of enforcing conformity ... book about co-worker at the science center "It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
His wiki page
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

In June 1975, MIT Professor Jerry Saltzer accompanied Hendricks to DARPA, where Hendricks described his innovations to the principal scientist, Dr. Vinton Cerf. Later that year in September 15-19 of 75, Cerf and Hendricks were the only two delegates from the United States, to attend a workshop on Data Communications at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg Austria where again, Hendricks spoke publicly about his innovative design which paved the way to the Internet as we know it today.

... snip ...

a post in recent z/VM series about Ed:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/

Obedience&conformity also permeated military institutions/academies ... this author at Quantico MCU conferences ... studied US military institutions/academis the 1st half of last century ... mentions that George Marshall (WW2 chief of staf) was so badly injured in bullying/hazing incident that he almost had to drop out
https://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/
we never video'ed any at MCU ... but here his talk at 1st division museum
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m7unu0fLYvc

lots of discussion at MCU Boyd conferences
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/

Boyd posts and web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Capitalism and social democracy ... have pros & cons and can be used for checks & balances ... example, (Clauswitz) On War
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8/
loc394-95:

As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the State.

... snip ...

i.e. the government needed general population standard of living sufficient that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the capitalists in raising the general population standard of living.

Schooling Was for the Industrial Era, Unschooling Is for the Future. We've entered a new era, the Imagination Age, so why are we still schooling kids like we did in the 19th Century?
https://fee.org/articles/schooling-was-for-the-industrial-era-unschooling-is-for-the-future/

and more "industrial-age" schooling:

AETC Focused on Breaking Away From Industrial-Age Thinking
https://www.airforcemag.com/AETC-Focused-on-Breaking-Away-From-Industrial-Age-Thinking/
Lessons in learning
https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2019/09/study-shows-that-students-learn-more-when-taking-part-in-classrooms-that-employ-active-learning-strategies/
The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://qz.com/1314814/universal-education-was-first-promoted-by-industrialists-who-wanted-docile-factory-workers/
Industrial Age education, from late 1800s, early 1900s (time & motion studies, etc), teaching memorization, not thinking, strict conformity, stamping out factory workers for the capitalists and robber barons
https://www.azquotes.com/quote/1212588
How to Break Free of Our 19th-Century Factory-Model Education System. A technology and education entrepreneur gazes into the future of the classroom
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/05/how-to-break-free-of-our-19th-century-factory-model-education-system/256881/
Why Our Industrial-Age Schools Are Failing Our Information-Age Kids
https://www.qualitydigest.com/inside/quality-insider-column/why-our-industrial-age-schools-are-failing-our-information-age-kids
The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation. There are two types of games. One kills creativity and the other is for kids...
https://www.inc.com/stephen-shapiro/why-your-business-needs-more-kid-games-fewer-adult-games.html
Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business
US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html
IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity
https://theconversation.com/iq-tests-cant-measure-it-but-cognitive-flexibility-is-key-to-learning-and-creativity-163284

some recent posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#72 Schooling Was for the Industrial Era, Unschooling Is for the Future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#13 The Nazification of American Education
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#16 My Story: How I Was "Groomed" by My Elementary School Teachers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#82 We Have a Creativity Problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#100 What Industrial Societies Get Wrong About Childhood
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#99 IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#78 Air Force opens first Montessori Officer Training School
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#103 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Punch Cards

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Punch Cards
Date: 30 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
I took 2 credit hr intro to fortran/computers and at the end of the semester, the univ hires me to port 1401 MPIO to 360/30. The univ. had 709 (tape->tape) with 1401 as unit record front end (manually moving tapes between 1401 & 709). The univ had been sold a 360/67 for tss/360 to replace 709/1401 and temporarily got 360/30 (replacing 1401) pending delivery of 360/67. While 360/30 had 1401 emulation and could run MPIO directly, I guess the univ. wanted experience with 360. The univ. shutdown datacenter on the weekends and I would have the place dedicated from sat 8am until mon 8am (although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday classes difficult). They gave me a bunch of manuals and I got to design and implement my own monitor, interrupt handlers, device drivers, error recovery, storage management, etc; within a few weeks I had 2000 card assembler program with two assemble option modes, stand-alone and under os/360 (system services and DCB macros). The stand alone mode took 30mins to assemble under os/360, the OS/360 mode, took an hour to assemble (each DCB macro taking 5-6 mins each). I quickly learned to read punch holes to patch program ... fan TXT deck out to the card with displacement then dup card out to patch (on 026&029 key punch) and multi-punch the hex patch (much faster than having to re-assemble each time). Within a year of taking intro class, the 360/67 had arrived and I was hired fulltime responsible for os/360 (tss/360 never really came to production fruition, so ran as 360/65 with os/360).

Recent related post, z/VM 50th - part 8
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50-part-8-lynn-wheeler/

past posts mentioning porting 1401 MPIO to 360/30 and multi-punching cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#22 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#87 Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#38 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#27 Learning EBCDIC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#81 Keypunch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#19 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#15 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#156 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#11 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#38 IBM 029 service manual
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#56 You know you've been Lisp hacking to long when
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#56 Punched Card Combinations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#51 IBM S/360 series operating systems history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#64 Large Computer Rescue
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#43 Binder REP Cards (Was: What's the linkage editor really wants?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#54 12-2-9 REP & 47F0
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#27 HELP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#17 unit record & other controllers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
Date: 30 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.npr.org/2023/04/30/1172276538/world-wide-web-internet-anniversary

Early 80s, I had HSDT effort (T1 and faster computer links) and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running) ... Preliminary Announcement (28Mar1986)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

... snip ...

IBM internal politics not allowing us to bid (being blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to social media) inside IBM, likely contributed, folklore is that 5of6 members of corporate executive committee wanted to fire me). The NSF director tried to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did claims that what we already had operational was at least 5yrs ahead of the winning bid, RFP awarded 24Nov87), as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

trivia: the first webserver in the US was Stanford SLAC (CERN sister installation) on their VM370 system (1991)
https://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
https://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

OASC (mar1986 preliminary announce) funding for software went to NCSA
https://new.nsf.gov/news/mosaic-launches-internet-revolution

developed MOSAIC (browser). Some of the people left NCSA and did MOSAIC startup in silicon valley. Name changed to NETSCAPE when NCSA complained about the use of "MOSAIC". trivia: what silicon valley company provided them with the name "NETSCAPE"?

Last product we had done at IBM was HA/CMP, it started out HA/6000 project for NYTimes to more their newspaper system (ATEX) of VAXCluster. I rename it HA/CMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing) when start doing technical/scientific cluster scale-up with national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with RDBMS vendors (Ingres, Google, Sybase, Informix)); 16-way mid92 and 128-way ye92. Then cluster scale-up is transferred, for announce as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*), and told we can't work on anything with more than four processors, we leave IBM a few months later.

Later we are brought in as consultants into a small client/server startup. Two former Oracle people (that we had worked with on HA/CMP) are there responsible for something call "commerce server" and they want to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL", that they want to use for payment transactions, now frequently called "electronic commerce". I have responsibility for everything between webservers and "payment gateways" to financial payment networks.

former co-worker at IBM science center
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
some 1991 info
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
Mosaic memories
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
nsfnet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
ha/cmp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
payment gateway posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
Date: 01 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#29 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

while working on netscape "electronic commerce", was also doing work with one of the payment card processing outsourcers that had hdqtrs office on Hansen Way (block or two from El Camino in Palo Alto). I get a call Aug17 (1995) from east coast that largest online (dialup) service provider was having its internet facing servers crashing ... had started June17 and they had all the usual experts in to diagnose the problem. He was going to fly out and buy me a hamburger after work (restaurant/cafe on el camino just south of Hansen Way). While I eat the hamburger, he describes the symptoms. I then say that was one of the problems identified (sort of a crack between the standards specification and the code) when I was doing our IBM HA/CMP ... and provide a quick&dirty patch that he applies later that night. I then try and get the standard server vendors to incorporate a fix ... but they said nobody was complaining (i.e. service provider didn't want it in the news). Exactly a year later it hit the press when a (different) service provider in NY was having the problem ... and the server vendors pat themselves on the back that they were able to ship fixes within a month.

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
e-commerce payment gateway posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

some past posts mentioning the crashing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#85 Memories of Mosaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#119 AOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#15 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#79 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#104 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#60 Core characteristics of resilience
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#11 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#35 Builders V. Breakers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#6 The Pankian Metaphor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#11 Caller ID "spoofing"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#51 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#aadsrel1 AADS related information
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#17 Changing the Mantra -- RFC 4732 on rethinking DOS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Federal Deficit and Debt

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Federal Deficit and Debt
Date: 02 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
TV news earlier today said that back in 2001, fed. gov was getting in more revenue than it was spending (I've posted pieces of following, scores of times before);. In 2002, the administration and congress lets the fiscal responsibility act (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt) lapse. 2010, CBO report was that 2003-2009, tax revenue was cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (1st time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars, sort of confluence of Federal Reserve and Too Big To Fail wanted huge federal debt, special interests wanted huge tax cut, and Military-Industrial Complex wanted huge spending increase and perpetual wars). By 2005, the Fed Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable for middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget).

The following administration was able to reduce some of the spending increase, but wasn't able to get any of the taxes restored (reducing the annual deficit, slowing the debt increase). Also, in 2009 the IRS had press that they were going after 52,000 wealthy Americans that owed $400B on money illegally stashed overseas (over and above new "legal" tax loopholes for stashing money overseas). Then spring 2011, press from the new speaker of the house was that the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering the $400B (plus penalties) would be eliminated (basically sanctioning the tax evasion).

Since then, the most recent previous administration had significant further tax reductions (nearly all for the most wealthy and large corporations) and spending increase. Lots of publicity from one of the poster child corporations claimed their tens of billions in tax windfall would be used for employee bonuses ... however on their website it claimed each employee would receive up to $1000 bonus; full $1000 times number of employees was 2% of their tax windfall, the aggregate actual bonuses worked out to less than 1% ... the rest went to executive compensation and stock buybacks.

fiscal responsibility act posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
comptroller general posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
stock buyback posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

some of the more recent specific posts about going after the $400B
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#68 Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#79 The GOP wants to cut funding to the IRS. We can't let that happen
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#87 The IRS misses billions in uncollected tax each year
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#24 The System: Who Rigged It, How We Fix It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#61 Tax Evasion and the Republican Party
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#22 The top 1 percent are evading $163 billion a year in taxes, the Treasury finds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#13 Companies Lobbying Against Infrastructure Tax Increases Have Avoided Paying Billions in Taxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#54 Republicans Have Taken a Brave Stand in Defense of Tax Cheats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#49 The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#93 Treasury calls for doubling IRS staff to target tax evasion, crypto transfers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#29 US tax plan proposes massive overhaul to audit high earners and corporations for tax evasion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#1 Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
Date: 03 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#29 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#30 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

as mentioned here, co-worker at IBM was responsible for the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) ... also co-worker had come up with idea for internet technology and presented to DARPA mid-70s.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
... technology also used for the corporate sponsored univ BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

... note the PROFS group was collecting internal apps for packaging behind a 3270/menu interface (to help with the mostly internal computer illiterate people) ... and picked a very early copy of internal VMSG for email client. Then when the VMSG author tried to offer them a much enhanced version they tried to get him fired (they apparently had taken credit for everything in PROFS). They whole thing quieted down when the VMSG author demonstrated every PROFS mail carried a copy of his initials in non-displayed field. After that he only shared VMSG source with me and one other person.

Later univ BITNET converted to TCP/IP (for "BITNET-II") at a time when the internal network could have converted to TCP/IP ... instead the communication group forced it to convert to SNA.

note that IBM SJR had 1st email gateway in fall of 1982 to CSNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSNET
old archived email ref to SJR CSNET email gateway
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#email821022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#email821122
before the great cutover from ARPANET HOST/IMP protocol to internetworking protocol on 1jan1983. old archived email from CSNET coordinator about the 1jan1983 cutover
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email821230
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email830202
also old archived email ref to bitnet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#email811212

some more
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET (& EARN) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

some recent posts mentioning BITNET & CSNET
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#51 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#16 Early Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#43 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#122 Lack of Unix in 70s/80s hacker culture?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#121 Lack of Unix in 70s/80s hacker culture?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#81 SUSE Reviving Usenet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#83 Internet Old Farts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#72 1973 Holmdel IBM 370's
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#88 Happy 50th Birthday, EMAIL!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#52 ESnet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#37 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#54 Switch over to Internetworking Protocol
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#4 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#12 The Rise of the Internet

other posts mentioning PROFS and email client PROFS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#18 PROFS trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#64 Trump received subpoena before FBI search of Mar-a-lago home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#29 IBM Cloud to offer Z-series mainframes for first time - albeit for test and dev
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#89 IBM PROFs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#83 Happy 50th Birthday, EMAIL!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#30 Departure Email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#48 Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#65 IBM Computer Literacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
Date: 03 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#29 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#30 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#32 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

mainframe TCP/IP trivia: the communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base) and was blocking the release of mainframe TCP/IP support. When they lost on releasing mainframe TCP/IP, they changed their tactic and said that since they had corporate ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls, it had to be released through them ... what shipped got 44kbytes/sec aggregate using nearly whole 3090 processor. I did the support for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between IBM 4341 and Cray ... got sustained IBM channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 (nearly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

Later in early 90s, the communication group hired a silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP support directly in VTAM. What he initially demo'ed was TCP running significantly faster than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "knows" that a "proper" TCP/IP implementation runs much slower than LU6.2 ... and they would only be paying for a "proper" TCP/IP implementation

mainframe tcp/ip rfc1044 support posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
Date: 04 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#29 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#30 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#32 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#33 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

FTP was first ARPANET HOST/IMPS protocol and then converted to TCP/IP (for the internet). In much the same way that RSCS was the corporate internal network and also used for the corporate sponsored univ. BITNET ... it was possible to have private TCP/IP networks that weren't connected to the public INTERNET.

So high possibility that you were using FTP to connect to FTP sites on the "internet" ... (but some/small possibility that it was purely private (IBM?) private TCP/IP network. In the mid-80s I was using FTP from internal IBM to SRI via gateway to retrieve latest internet standards ("RFC") documents ... maintaining shadow/copy of all Internet standards ... which I continued even after leaving IBM.

After leaving IBM ... I provided some assistance to Postel (internet standards editor at the time)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Postel

with the maintaining the documents ... current URL for some of that work https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/rfcietff.htm

Postel also sponsored my talk at ISI/USC on "why the internet wasn't business critical dataprocessing" that was based on the compensating software&instructions I had to do for "electronic commerce" at MOSAIC.

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
emories of mosaic post
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/

posts posts mentioning "business critical dataprocessing" talk
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#82 Memories of Mosaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#31 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#94 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#90 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#26 Why Things Fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#46 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#33 IBM "nine-net"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#105 FedEx to Stop Using Mainframes, Close All Data Centers By 2024
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#28 IBM "nine-net"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#14 IBM z16: Built to Build the Future of Your Business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#68 ARPANET pioneer Jack Haverty says the internet was never finished
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#38 Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#129 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#128 The Network Nation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#87 IBM and Internet Old Farts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#57 System Availability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#55 ESnet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#42 IBM Business School Cases
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#10 System Availability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#83 IBM Internal network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#72 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#24 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#74 WEB Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#16 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#68 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#113 Internet and Business Critical Dataprocessing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#25 Are we all now dinosaurs, out of place and out of time?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#31 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#81 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#14 Mainframe Networking problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#23 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#90 Ransomware on Mainframe application ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#75 11May1992 (25 years ago) press on cluster scale-up
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#70 Domain Name System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#14 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#11 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#62 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#34 what does xp do when system is copying

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
Date: 04 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#29 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#30 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#32 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#33 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#34 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

HSDT trivia: HSDT was T1 and faster computer links (both terrestrial and satellite). I had good sized budget but was mandated that I had to include some IBM products. The only official IBM product that supported T1 was the 2701 from the 60s and they were getting really long in the tooth by the 80s. I eventually found the FSD Series/1 ZIRPEL cards that supported T1 (that FSD was bidding for new T1s and replacing aging 2701s).

I then tried to order half dozen Series/1 ... but was told that IBM had recently bought ROLM and ROLM had ordered a year's production of Series/1 (to replace the data general machines they were using). Turns out person that ran ROLM datacenter for a number of years, I had previously known at IBM ... and was told if I helped ROLM with some of their development problems ... they would let me have half-dozen of their ROLM ordered Series/1s.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

some archived posts mentioning ROLM, IBM FSD, ZIRPEL, and T1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#101 IBM ROLM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#111 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#62 IBM ROLM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#12 Home Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#2 IBM Series/1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#9 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#99 Boca Series/1 & CPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#26 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#27 Old IBM Mainframe Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#83 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#24 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#71 DEC and the Bell System?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#4 IBM's Revenge on Sun
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#25 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
Date: 04 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#29 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#30 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#32 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#33 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#34 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#35 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

re: garlic web pages:

CTSS7094 RUNOFF was redone for CP67/CMS in mid60s as "SCRIPT"; in 1969 GML was invented at science center and GML tag processing was added to "SCRIPT", a decade later, GML morphs into ISO standard SGML and after another decade morphs into HTML (at CERN). I've been "markup language" programmer since 1970 (50+years).
https://web.archive.org/web/20230804173255/http://www.sgmlsource.com/history/

original SQL/relational "System/R" was done on VM370 at SJR/bldg28 in the 70s, after transferring to SJR, I got asked to do some of System/R and also help with tech transfer to Endicott for SQL/DS "under the radar" ... while company was preoccupied with the official IMS follow-on "EAGLE". Then when "EAGLE" implodes there was request how fast could System/R be ported to MVS ... eventually released as DB2 (originally for decision-support "only"). When Jim Gray departs IBM in fall of 1980, he tries to palm off some of the System/R work on me as well as RDBMS&IMS consulting. Another Jim Gray story
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50-part-8-lynn-wheeler/
also
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#26 Global & Local Page Replacement

LSG VLSI lab/bldg29 was working with Sowa (at the time in STL)
http://www.jfsowa.com/
on semantic network dbms ... which sort of combination of network DBMS and RDBMS. RDBMS has "keys" and indexes to find corresponding record. Sowa Semantic Network has words/phrases (in place of keys) that uses indexes to find corresponding records (large forest of indexes) ... and also emulating bidirectional pointers ... and I got asked to do some it that implementation. At one point, LSG had a large VLSI chip encoded as DB2 database and SNDBMs database and the SNDBMS apps ran several times faster than corresponding DB2 applications (on same hardware, DB2 was heavily traced & tuned to try and speed it up, SNDBMS was just straight out of the box).

After leaving IBM, I reimplemented SNDBMS from scratch with processing ran at least ten times faster than the earlier LSG version. I've used that for the Internet Standard RFC SNDBMS and applications generating web pages (including simulating bi-directional links with forward&backward HREFs).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/rfcietff.htm

I've also used it for managing and generating merged glossary/taxonomy for various subjects
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/payment.htm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/secure.htm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/financial.htm

where there could be tens of thousands of embedded HREFs in single file. During the 90s, I found the new webcrawlers (used by web search engines) could be hitting these files multiple times/day. I conjectured that during that period, they were using them for regression tests of their webcrawlers.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML/SGML posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml
system/r posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

some past archived posts referencing SNDBMS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#51 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#78 locks, semaphores and reference counting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#14 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#11 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#48 Why so little parallelism?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#26 Misc. more on bidirectional links
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#15 Resolving an identifier into a meaning

Other Jim Gray
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#4 Jim Gray Is Missing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#6 Jim Gray Is Missing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#8 Jim Gray Is Missing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#17 Jim Gray Is Missing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#33 Jim Gray Is Missing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#28 Jim Gray Is Missing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#68 A tribute to Jim Gray
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#25 Remembering The Search For Jim Gray, A Year Later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#32 A Tribute to Jim Gray: Sometimes Nice Guys Do Finish First
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#36 A Tribute to Jim Gray: Sometimes Nice Guys Do Finish First
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#40 A Tribute to Jim Gray: Sometimes Nice Guys Do Finish First

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Global & Local Page Replacement

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Global & Local Page Replacement
Date: 05 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#26 Global & Local Page Replacement
and
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#28 Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#36 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

some Jim Gray drift

A Tribute to Jim Gray: Sometimes Nice Guys Do Finish First
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/05/31/a-tribute-to-jim-gray-sometimes-nice-guys-do-finish-first/

During the 1970s and '80s at I.B.M. and Tandem Computer, he helped lead the creation of modern database and transaction processing technologies that today underlie all electronic commerce and more generally, the organization of digital information. Yet, for all of his impact on the world, Jim was both remarkably low-key and approachable. He was always willing to take time to explain technical concepts and offer independent perspective on various issues in the computer industry

... snip ...

Tribute to Honor Jim Gray
https://web.archive.org/web/20080616153833/http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/IPRO/JimGrayTribute/pressrelease.html

Gray is known for his groundbreaking work as a programmer, database expert and Microsoft engineer. Gray's work helped make possible such technologies as the cash machine, ecommerce, online ticketing, and deep databases like Google. In 1998, he received the ACM A.M. Turing Award, the most prestigious honor in computer science. He was appointed an IEEE Fellow in 1982, and also received IEEE Charles Babbage Award.

... snip ...

webcast of the event
https://web.archive.org/web/20080604010939/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23082
https://web.archive.org/web/20080604072804/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23083
https://web.archive.org/web/20080604072809/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23087
https://web.archive.org/web/20080604072815/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23088

Jim Gray Tribute
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2008/06/03/jim_gray_tribute/

"A lot of the core concepts that we take for granted in the database industry - and even more broadly in the computer industry - are concepts that Jim helped to create," Vaskevitch says, "But I really don't think that's his main contribution."

... snip ...

SIGMOD (DBMS) lost at sea, search, tribute
https://web.archive.org/web/20111118062042/http://www.sigmod.org/publications/sigmod-record/0806
The TPC honors Jim Gray for his seminal contributions to the TPC and the field of database benchmarks
http://www.tpc.org/information/who/gray5.asp

some email from/to and/or mentioning Jim
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#email800310
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801006
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801006c
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#email810402
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#email810402
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#email810403
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#email810421
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#email810505

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
Date: 05 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#29 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#30 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#32 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#33 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#34 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#35 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#36 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world

The communication group was fiercely fighting off internet, tcp/ip, distributed computing, client/server, etc ... trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base; when they couldn't outright block announcement&ship, they performance kneecapped the products; original mainframe TCP/IP, PS2 microchannel cards, VTAM TCP/IP ... as well as spreading lots of executive level internal misinformation. Somebody had collected a bunch of their misinformation email about SNA and forwarded it to us ... following heavily clipped and redacted (to protect the guilty).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

In HSDT project I was doing T1 and faster computer links ... TCP/IP was relatively straight-forward (communication group was forced into announcing mainframe tcp/ip, but what shipped got 44kbytes/sec using 3090 processor (I did RFC1044, tuning tests at Cray Research between IBM 4341 and Cray machine, got sustained IBM channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor) ... however (internal network) RSCS used VM370 synchronous 4kbyte diagnose spool interface ... capping RSCS somewhere around eight 4kbyte spool blocks/sec (30k-36k/sec). I rewrote VM370 spool support in VS/Pascal running in virtual address space ... looking to get over 100 4k blocks/sec for RSCS; asynchronous interface (overlapping spool transfers and RSCS execution), contiguous spool records allocation, large spool multi-record disk I/O transfers, etc. I was scheduled to present to the internal network backbone board meetings ... when the meetings got restricted to (non-technical) "managers only" ... i.e. the communication group had spun various misinformation about internal network had to be converted to SNA ...
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
RFC1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
SNA, VTAM, dumb terminal posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Not Your Grandfather's Military-Industrial-Complex

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Not Your Grandfather's Military-Industrial-Complex
Date: 05 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Not Your Grandfather's Military-Industrial-Complex
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/05/05/not-your-grandfathers-military-industrial-complex/

The statistics are stunning. This year's proposed budget for the Pentagon and nuclear weapons work at the Department of Energy is $886 billion -- more than twice as much, adjusted for inflation, as at the time of Eisenhower's speech.

... snip ...

See the real US defense budget: $1.5 trillion By Winslow Wheeler
https://fabiusmaximus.com/2023/05/01/the-real-us-defense-budget/
America's $1 Trillion National Security Budget (2014) By Winslow Wheeler
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2014/03/americas-1-trillion-national-security-budget

Military-Industrial(-Congressional) Complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
Perpetual War posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
Boyd posts and web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

past posts specifically mentioning Winslow Wheeler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#65 Mystery Meat Congress; Clueless Mainstream Press
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#46 SitRep: Is the F-35 officially a failure? Cost overruns, other issues prompt Air Force to look for "clean sheet" fighter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#18 Did They Miss Yet Another F-35 Cost Overrun?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#83 Winslow Wheeler's War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#63 NYT: N.S.A. Chief Says Phone Logs Halted Terror Threats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#56 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#31 Bank Whistleblower Claims Retaliation And Wrongful Termination
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#54 NBC's website hacked with malware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#34 Search Google, 1960:s-style
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#50 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#20 UAV vis-a-vis F35

other posts mentioning Burton, Bradley, and "Corrupt From Top To Bottom"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#40 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#44 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#83 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#57 NATO is a Goldmine for the US/Military Industrial Complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#96 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#68 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#88 The Pentagon's Pricey Culture of Mediocrity

and posts mentioning Pentagon Labyrinth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#116 The Bunker: Tarnished Silver Bullets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#75 The Pentagon Saw a Warship Boondoggle
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#73 "The Spoils of War": How Profits Rather Than Empire Define Success for the Pentagon
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#83 The Pentagon's New Stealth Bookkeeping
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#2 WW II cryptography
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#64 The World America Made
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#109 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#60 Why Does Congress Accept Perpetual Wars?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#48 Thanks Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#43 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#74 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#43 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#1 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#24 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#75 The Winds of Reform
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#34 Scotland, was Re: Solving the Floating-Point Goldilocks Problem!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#88 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#49 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#42 Senator urges DoD: Do better job defending F-35
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#43 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#28 US military spending has increased 81% since 2001
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#65 End of an era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#33 The real cost of outsourcing (and offshoring)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#18 End of an era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#83 End of an era

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370 3270 Terminal

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370 3270 Terminal
Date: 07 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Most IBM locations also had "For Business Purposes Only" on the VM 3270 terminal login screen. SJR had "For Management Approved Use" ... came in handy when had corporate audit and they demanded all "games" had to be removed from the systems

other recent CP67/CMS & VM370/CMS posts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-6-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-7-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50-part-8-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

1980 STL was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 from IMS group to offsite bldg with dataprocessing back to STL datacenter, they had tried "remote 3270" and found the human factors unacceptable. I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support so they can place channel-attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg (with no difference in human factors between in STL, and offsite). 3270 screen

channel extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

recent posts with (linkedin) z/VM 50th references
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#36 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#32 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#29 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#28 Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#27 What Does School Teach Children?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#26 Global & Local Page Replacement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#22 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#10 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#100 5G Hype Cycle
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#86 Online systems fostering online communication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#80 IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#72 Schooling Was for the Industrial Era, Unschooling Is for the Future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#69 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#65 HURD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#51 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#32 Bimodal Distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#12 Open Software Foundation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#6 z/VM 50th - part 7
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#117 IBM 5100
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#110 If Nothing Changes, Nothing Changes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#109 Early Webservers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#91 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#88 Northern Va. is the heart of the internet. Not everyone is happy about that
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#83 Memories of Mosaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#77 IBM/PC and Microchannel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#76 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#72 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#70 GML, SGML, & HTML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#65 7090/7044 Direct Couple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#55 z/VM 50th - Part 6, long winded zm story (before z/vm)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#52 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#51 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#49 23Jun1969 Unbundling and Online IBM Branch Offices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#46 MTS & IBM 360/67
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#43 IBM changes between 1968 and 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#38 Disk optimization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#33 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#31 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#28 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#0 AUSMINIUM FOUND IN HEAVY RED-TAPE DISCOVERY

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370 3270 Terminal

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370 3270 Terminal
Date: 07 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#40 VM/370 3270 Terminal

In the early 80s, I wanted to demonstrate REX(X) was not just another pretty scripting language (before renamed REXX and released to customers). I decided on redoing a large assembler application (dump reader & fault analysis) in REX with ten times the function and ten times the performance (lot of hacks done to make interpreted REX run faster than assembler), working half time over three months elapsed. I finished early so started writing automated script that searched for most common failure signatures). It also included a pseudo dis-assembler ... converting storage areas into instruction sequences. I had thought that it would be released to customers but for what ever reasons it wasn't (this was in the OCO-wars period) ... but I finally got permission to give talks on the implementation at user group meetings ... and within a few months similar implementations started showing up at customer shops.

Old email from the 3092 (3090 service processor) guys wanting to ship DUMPRX ... 3092 started out a heavily modified VM370 release 6 running on 4331 ... that was then changed to a pair of 4361s (with pair of FBA/3370s) with all the service screens done in CMS IOS3270
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

dumprx posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370 3270 Terminal

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370 3270 Terminal
Date: 07 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#40 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#41 VM/370 3270 Terminal

70s, 3277s were part of annual budget requiring VP signoff. Late 70s, there was rapidly spreading rumor that members of the executive committee was starting to use email ... and managers started pre-empting 3270 deliveries for placing on their desks ... trying to create facade that they were computer literate (turned on in the morning with vm3270 login image being burned into the screen). Then in the early days of PROFS they would be log'ed on and the PROFS menu burned into the screen (again creating facade that they were computer literate, with their staff actually handling the email). Note early PROFS was collecting internal apps for wrapping the PROFS menu around. The email client was a very early version of VMSG, then when the VMSG author tried to offer them a much enhanced version, they tried to get him fired (the whole thing quiets down when the VMSG author demonstrates his initials in a non-displayed "PROFS" field). After that he only shared his source with me and one other person.

Note 3272/3277 had a .086sec hardware response. Then when 3278 came out ... they had moved much of the electronics back to the 3274 controller with enormous coax protocol chatter and latency ... driving hardware response to .3-.5 secs (depending on how much data). This was in the days of human factors study showing improved productivity with at least quarter second response ... needing at least .16 system response coupled with .086 hardware to achieve quarter second ... I supported several systems with .11sec response. trivia: it was a very rare MVS/TSO that could even achieve one sec system response

A letter was written to the 3278 product administrator complaining that it was a very poor interactive computing device. Eventually a response came back that 3278s weren't for interactive computing ... but "data entry" (aka sort of electronic keypunch).

Other trivia: ... When Jim Gray left IBM in fall of 1980, he left behind the "MIP Envy" tome, copy here
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920
slightly later version
http://jimgray.azurewebsites.net/papers/mipenvy.pdf
... which resulted in trip reports of visits to other dataprocessing operations ... examples Bell Labs Holmdel, Murray Hill
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#56
Xerox SDD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#37
other summary of the visits summer 1981
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#61

some posts mentioning 3270 and MIP Envy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#36 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#98 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#60 [Poll] Computing favorities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#48 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#58 Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#43 My first mainframe experience
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#92 PDCA vs. OODA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#13 I actually miss working at IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#32 IBM Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#44 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#13 360 programs on a z/10
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#49 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#41 another item related to ASCII vs. EBCDIC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#70 Is computer history taught now?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#41 Mainframe Applications and Records Keeping?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370 3270 Terminal

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370 3270 Terminal
Date: 07 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#40 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#41 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#42 VM/370 3270 Terminal

Other VMSG author trivia: He also implemented parasite/story ... basically CMS HLLAPI-like facility before IBM/PC & IBM/PC tereminal emulation. Could create virtual 3270 sessions on other IBM systems ... old post with description and some example automated scripts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#35
and automated script that logs on to RETAIN and retrieves "put bucket"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#36

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

some posts mentioning parasite/story
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#97 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#62 IBM (FE) Retain
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#17 Gangsters of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#2 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#33 IBM/PC 12Aug1981
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#108 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#70 2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#54 PROFS, email, 3270
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#27 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#67 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#49 How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#12 HONE Shutdown
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#39 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#25 another question about TSO edit command
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#71 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#49 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#1 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370 3270 Terminal

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370 3270 Terminal
Date: 07 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#40 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#41 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#42 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#43 VM/370 3270 Terminal

Purely coincidental, the post following the one containing "MIP Envy" copy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920
... has two emails about VM370 was just for low-end and no more for high-end (POK) machines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email790216
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email790220

aka ... one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters. During the Future System period during the first half of 70s (completely different from 370 and completely replace 370) internal politics were shutting down 370 efforts (the lack of new 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold). When FS "imploded", there was mad rush to get stuff back in the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 3033&3081 in parallel.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

The head of POK also managed to convince corporate to kill vm370, shutdown the vm370 development group and move all the people to POK for MVS/XA (or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time). Endicott eventually manages to salvage the vm370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch.

While they explained the person from POK misspoke, HONE continued to be pressured to convert to MVS. Eventually somebody decided that why VM370->MVS wasn't working was because they were running my enhanced operating systems. They were then pressuring HONE to convert to a standard VM370 system with the excuse of what would they do if I got hit by a bus (assuming once on a vanilla VM370 system, HONE could then be converted to MVS ... also it wasn't the only reason that various organizations were trying to get me fired).

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

some specific posts mentioning killing vm370, shutdown development group, move everybody to POK
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#76 IBM OS/2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#93 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#31 What was old is new again (water chilled)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#49 "Portable" data centers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#23 T3 Sues IBM To Break its Mainframe Monopoly
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#47 Anyone know whether VM/370 EDGAR is still available anywhere?

and a few specific posts mentioning converting HONE to MVS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#44 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#25 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#87 IRS and legacy COBOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#10 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#3 COBOL and tricks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#9 VM/370 Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#29 IBM Cloud to offer Z-series mainframes for first time - albeit for test and dev
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#128 SHARE LSRAD Report
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#104 Mainframe Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#29 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#4 GML/SGML/HTML/Mosaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#54 System Availability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#60 IBM Hardest Problem(s)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#53 Amdahl Computers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM DASD

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM DASD
Date: 08 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
after transferring to SJR, I got to wandering around datacenters in silicon valley, IBM and customers, including bldg14 (disk engineering) and bldg15 (disk product test) across the street. Bldg14 were running stand alone, prescheduled, sometimes 7x24 testing. They had mentioned that they had tried MVS, but found it had 15min mean-time-between failure (requiring manual re-ipl) in that environment. I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail, allowing any amount of concurrent, on-demand testing ... greatly improving productivity. Downside was they increasingly would blame my software and I would have to increasingly spend time playing disk engineer, mostly trouble shooting their hardware problems. At one point I insisted they were doing something that violated channel architecture ... and they scheduled conference call with the POK channel engineers. Turns out I was right ... after that they insisted that I was at all conference calls & meetings involve channel interface.

Building 15 tended to get very early engineering models for disk I/O testing ... at one point getting #3(or#4) 3033 and then early 4341. The 3033 testing took only percent or two of processing ... so found a spare 3830 and couple strings of 3330 for the 3033 and sent out our own dedicate, private online service. One monday morning I get a call from bldg15 asking what I had done to 3033 software ... online response had degraded enormously. I said nothing, and asked what they had done ... they said nothing. Turns out over the weekend, somebody had replaced the 3830 controller with (early, test/engineering) 3880. The 3830 had fast horizontal microprocessor. While 3880 had special hardware path capable of handling 3380 3mbyte/sec, everything else was handled by slow JIB-prime microprocessor ... that otherwise enormously increased channel busy (they had some hacks to try and mask how slow it was by trying to do some stuff asynchronously, overlapping operations, worked well in single drive tests ... but couldn't handle a lot of concurrent channel programs for multiple drives).

Later, the Trout/3090 group was assuming that 3880 was same as 3830 but supporting 3380 3mbyte/sec transfers ... and had sized channel configuration to achieve targeted throughput. They soon found out how bad 3880 channel busy and realized that they had to significantly increase the number of channels ... which required an extra TCM (3090 group semi-facetiously claimed they were going to bill the 3880 group for the increase in 3090 manufacturing cost ... for the additional TCM). Eventually marketing respun the huge increase in number of channels as the 3090 being fabulous I/O machine ... when it was really to offset the huge increase in 3880 channel busy.

getting to play disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

some specific posts mentioning 3880 channel busy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#41 IBM 3081 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#4 Mainrame Channel Redrive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#114 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#4 3880 DASD Controller
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#100 Mainframe Channel I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#49 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#106 TCMs & IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#66 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#77 Channel I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#15 Channel I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#14 Mainframe I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#13 Mainframe I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#122 Mainframe "Peak I/O" benchmark
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#92 IBM 3278
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#30 What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#23 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#66 ACP/TPF 3083
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#60 San Jose bldg 50 and 3380 manufacturing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#42 If Memory Had Been Cheaper

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM DASD

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM DASD
Date: 08 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#45 IBM DASD

lots of other trivia:

3370; one of the engineers was doing air bearing simulation as part of floating head design ... getting a couple turn arounds a month on the SJR 370/195 (even with high priority designation). We set him up on the bldg15 3033 ... and even though it was less than half the performance of the 370/195 ... he was still able to get multiple turn arounds per day.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_3370_and_3375
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thin-film_head#Thin-film_heads

I do an (internal) research report on the I/O Reliability support for bldg14&15 and happen to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... bringing down the wrath of the MVS group on my head. When they find out they can't get me fired, they try and make my time at IBM unpleasant in other ways. Joke was on them, I was already being told that I had no career, no promotions, no raises.

4341; I got con'ed into doing benchmarks on the bldg15 4341 for national lab that was looking at getting 70 for compute farm (sort of leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami ... also large cloud megadatacenters). Then in the 80s, found large corporations ordering hundreds of vm/4341s at a time for placing out in departmental areas (sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami). MVS wasn't able to play because the only non-datacenter disks were FBA (which MVS didn't support). Eventually pressure was applied and they came out with CKD simulation as the 3375 for MVS. It didn't do MVS much good, companies were looking at scores of VM/4341s systems per support person, while MVS still required multiple support people per system.

CKD; no CKD disks have been manufactured for decades, all being simulated on industry standard fixed-block disks.

getting to play disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
DASD, CKD, FBA, multi-track search posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

1980 STL was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people from IMS group to offsite bldg, with dataprocessing back to STL datacenter. They had tried "remote 3270" but found its human factors totally unacceptable. I then get con'ed into doing channel-extender support, able to place channel connected 3270 controller ... and found no difference in human factors. Then hardware vendor then tried to get IBM to release my support, but a group in POK was playing with some serial stuff and were afraid it might hurt them being able to get their stuff released and got it blocked. Then in 1988, local IBM office asks me to help LLNL (national lab) get some serial stuff they are working with, standardized ... which quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (FCS, including some stuff I had done in 1980, initially 1gbit/sec, full-duplex, 2gbit/sec aggregate, 200mbyte/sec). Then the POK people finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON (when it is already obsolete, 17mbytes/sec). Then some POK people are playing with FCS and define a heavy weight protocol that drastically reduces throughput, eventually announced as FICON. Most recent published benchmark I've found, is "peak I/O" for z196 getting 2M IOPS with 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS). About the same time a FCS is announced for E5-2600 blades claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS having higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 FCS). Not only is mainframe hampered by overhead simulation of FICON on FCS ... but also CKD overhead simulation on fixed-block disks.

channel extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

I had taken two credit hr intro to fortran/computers ... then within year of taking class, univ hires me fulltime responsible for OS/360 (IBM had sold univ 360/67 for tss/360 replacing 709/1401 ... but tss/360 never came to production fruition so ran as 360/65 with os/360). The univ library gets an ONR grant to do online catalog, some of the money goes for 2321 data cell ... and also selected to be beta test site for CICS product and CICS debugging is added to my duties. I was also redoing STAGE2 SYSGENs to carefully order datasets and PDS members to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multi-track searches. Student fortran jobs had run less than second on 709 tape->tape. Initially on 360/65 OS/360 they ran over a minute. I install HASP and cuts time in half. I then redo STAGE2 SYSGEN which cuts time another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. It never gets better than 709 until I install Univ. of Waterloo WATFOR.

CICS &/or BDAM posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

some posts about optimizing STAGE2 SYSGEN
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#26 Global & Local Page Replacement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#25 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#75 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#26 DISK Performance and Reliability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#15 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#22 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#110 CICS sysprogs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#60 Fortran
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#89 Computer BUNCH
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#12 Programming Skills
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#17 iBM System/3 FORTRAN for engineering/science work?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#37 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#26 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#86 OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#49 System/360--detailed engineering description (AFIPS 1964)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#39 Old data storage or data base
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#21 Reviving the OS/360 thread (Questions about OS/360)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#28 IA64 Self Virtualizable?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#22 Pre S/360 IBM Operating Systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18 CP/67 & OS MFT14

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ACIS

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM ACIS
Date: 08 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Early 80s, IBM formed ACIS to try and get back into the univ. market ... I think they started out with a couple hundred million to donate to univ ... spreading money and equipment all around. IBM and DEC each contributed $25m to MIT project athena ... which begat (among other things) KERBEROS. Both IBM and DEC had Athena assistant directors ... and during the time we were doing HA/CMP product, we were also periodically asked to do Athena reviews.

ACIS also did $50M for CMU efforts that included Andrew filesystem, MACH (unix-like operating system), and Camelot (transaction processing). IBM then also providing funding for Camelot spin-off, Transarc ... and then bought Transarc outright.

trivia: after IBM, we were doing lots of work in financial industry. Former head of POK and then Boca was doing CEO at various companies and at the time was CEO of security company in Seattle area that specialized in KERBEROS ... which also had contract with m'soft to port KERBEROS to NT/windows (which becomes active directory). We were put on year temporary assignment in Seattle to help coordinate a financial services effort with the three companies (security company, m'soft, and financial services company as well as some others) ... including meetings with former IBMer and security company CEO, a couple times a month.

Note: at the time, banking was concerned about technology companies taking over the banking industry; at the time, there was rhetoric on the floor of congress that the primary purpose of GLBA was to keep walmart and m'soft out of the financial industry.

trivia: long ago and far away my wife had been in the GBURG JES group and one of the catchers for ASP/JES3 when she was con'ed her into going to POK (by former head of POK and then Boca) to be in charge of loosely-coupled (mainframe cluster) architecture ... where she did Peer-Coupled Shared Data architecture. She didn't remain long because 1) repeated battles with communication group trying to force her to use VTAM/SNA for loosely-coupled operation and 2) little uptake, except for IMS hot-standby (until much, much later with sysplex). She has story about asking Vern Watts who he was going to ask permission of to do IMS hot-standby. He says nobody, he would just tell them when he was all done.

Later, she did stint as chief architect for Amadeus (EU airlines res, built off Eastern System/One). However, she sided with EU on using x.25 and communication group quickly got her replaced with somebody that would back SNA .... didn't help them much, EU went with x.25 anyway and the communication group replacement, was quickly replaced. She then was asked to co-author response to a gov. request for super secure campus environment, where she included 3-tier. We were then including 3-tier, TCP/IP and ethernet in customer executive presentations and started seeing all sort of attacks and misinformation claims and innuendos (& IBM FUD) from the communication group and SAA forces. We would periodically drop in on 44S ... and surprised at how many people were critical of the head of the communication group.

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
Kerberos and/or pk-init posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#kerberos
Peer-Coupled Shared Data posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata
3-tier posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

some posts mentioning acis, project athena, kerberos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#100 Multithreaded output to stderr and stdout
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#76 IBM plans for the future - an imaginary tale
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#20 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#76 DataPower XML Appliance and RACF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#43 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#74 mainframe "selling" points
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#45 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#89 Mainframe passwords synced to active directory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#36 TCM's Moguls documentary series
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#15 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#18 Another one bites the dust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#66 How did the monitor work under TOPS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#11 Mainframe Jobs Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#8 Free to good home: IBM RT UNIX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#49 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#26 IBM Plugs Big Iron to the College Crowd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#19 RISCs too close to hardware?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#53 Question about Unix "heritage"

some other posts mentioning just acis, cmu, mach, camelot, transarc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#76 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#41 What are mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#44 Andrew developments in Rochester

some other posts mentioning GLBA, walmart, m'soft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#80 How Walgreens and Walmart's new banking ventures will shake up finance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#119 Google, Fitbit, Banking: Big Tech's Bust Out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#115 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#102 Can we learn from financial lessons of 90 years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#4 Ron Paul On 'The Dollar Dilemma': Where To From Here?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#64 Here's every time Amazon has made a play for banking services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#68 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#51 Penn Central PL/I advertising
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#19 Banking; The Book That Will Save Banking From Itself
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#98 Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon

some posts mentioning Amadeus
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#8 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#96 Mainframe Assembler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#97 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#10 Google Cloud Launches Service to Simplify Mainframe Modernization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#76 lock me up, was IBM Mainframe market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#75 lock me up, was IBM Mainframe market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#66 ACP/TPF 3083
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#71 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#67 SABRE after the 7090
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#60 SABRE after the 7090
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#45 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#0 IBM & SABRE

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Conflicts with IBM Communication Group

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
Date: 11 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#47 IBM ACIS

Other communication group activity; executives were spreading all sorts of misinformation about how SNA/VTAM could be used for NSFNET, somebody collected it and forwarded to us ... heavily clipped and redacted to protect the guilty
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

Had HSDT program, T1 and faster links and was working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cut the budget, some other things happened, and finally an RFP was released (in part based on what we already had running); Mar1986 preliminary announcement for NSF program
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

... snip ...

IBM internal politics not allowing us to bid (being blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to social media) inside IBM, likely contributed, folklore is that 5of6 members of corporate executive committee wanted to fire me). The NSF director tried to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did claims that what we already had operational was at least 5yrs ahead of the winning bid, RFP awarded 24Nov87), as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

former co-worker at IBM science center
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
some 1991 info
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
Mosaic memories
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/

the communication group also implied to the corporate executive committee that PROFS was a VTAM app ... and unless the internal network was converted to SNA, PROFS could stop working. The internal network was primarily RSCS/VNET and relied on synchronous interface to the VM370 spool interface that limited it to around 6-8 4k spool blocks/sec (24kbytes-32kbytes, 200kbits-320kbits). Just HSDT T1 link 1.5mbits/sec full-duplex, 3mbits/sec aggregate, 300kbytes/sec. I had redone the interface, to make it asynchronous and drastically increase the throughput ... needing 70-80 4kbyte block throughput just for each T1 link. I was going to present at corporate backbone network meeting when communication group got meetings restricted to managers only (no technical people)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

This was as part of strategy getting corporate executive committee to force corporate network conversion to SNA/VTAM ... which would be limited to 56kbit/links. Mid-80s, the Communication group had also presented study to corporate executive committee that customers wouldn't be interested in T1 (& faster links) until at least mid-90s. They had surveyed customers running 37x5 "fat-links", multiple 56kbit links running parallel as single logical link. They found that customers didn't have any "fat-link" configurations with more than six parallel 56kbit links. What they didn't know (or didn't want to tell the corporate executive committee) was that telco tariffs for T1 links was about the same as five or six 56kbit links. Customers just switched to full T1 supported with non-IBM box (our quick, simple survey, turned up 200 customers with full T1).

trivia: long ago and far away my wife had been in the GBURG JES group and one of the catchers for ASP/JES3 when Cannavino con'ed her into going to POK to be in charge of loosely-coupled (mainframe cluster) architecture ... where she did Peer-coupled Shared Data architecture. She didn't remain long because 1) repeated battles with communication group trying to force her to use VTAM/SNA for loosely-coupled operation and 2) little uptake, except for IMS hot-standby (until much, much later with sysplex). She has story about asking Vern Watts who he was going to ask permission of to do IMS hot-standby. He said nobody, he would just tell them when he was all done.

Later, she did stint as chief architect for Amadeus (EU airlines res, built off Eastern System/One). However, she sided with EU on using x.25 and communication group quickly got her replaced with somebody that would back SNA .... didn't help them much, EU went with x.25 anyway and the communication group replacement, was quickly replaced. She then was asked to co-author response to a gov. request for super secure campus environment, where she included 3-tier. We were then including 3-tier, TCP/IP and ethernet in customer executive presentations and started seeing all sort of attacks and misinformation claims and innuendos (& IBM FUD) from the communication group and SAA forces. We would periodically drop in on 44S ... and surprised at how many people were critical of the head of the communication group.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
mainframe rfc1044 support posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
Peer-Coupled Shared Data posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata
3-tier archiecture posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Conflicts with IBM Communication Group

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
Date: 11 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#47 IBM ACIS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#48 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group

Before joining gburg JES group, my wife co-authered "peer-to-peer networking" AWP39 (about simultaneously with the appearance with SNA) ... and there were jokes SNA wasn't a "System", wasn't a "Network" and wasn't an "Architecture" ... and communication group having co-opted "Network" ... they had to qualify AWP39 with "peer-to-peer". Later in mid-80s doing HSDT, for a time I reported to same executive as person responsible for AWP164 (aka morphs into APPN for AS/400). I would periodically chide him to come over and work on "real" networking ... since the SNA folks will never appreciate what he was doing. When it came to APPN announce, Raleigh vetoed it. It was then escalated and after the announcement letter was carefully rewritten so that there was absolutely no implication that SNA and APPN was in any way related, APPN was finally announced (of course since then, various sorts of history has been rewritten)

The communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server, distributed computing, TCP/IP, etc (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base) and tried to block mainframe TCP/IP announce and ship. When they lost that, they changed their tactic and said that since the communication group has corporate responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls, mainframe TCP/IP had to be released through them. What shipped, got 44kbytes/sec throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I did RFC1044 support and in some testing at Cray Research between IBM 4341 and Cray, got sustained channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

Later in the early 90s, communication group hires a silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP support directly in VTAM. What he initially demo'ed had TCP throughput significantly higher than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "knows" that a "proper" TCP/IP implementation is much slower than LU6.2 and IBM would only be paying for a "proper" TCP/IP implementation.

The AWD group had done their own (16bit AT-bus) 4mbit token-ring card for the PC/RT. However when it came to RS/6000 (& microchannel), AWD was told they weren't allowed to do their own cards ... they could only use PS2 microchannel cards. The communication group had severely performance kneecapped the PS2 cards (attempting to throttle their use for little more than emulated 3270s). Example was that the PS2 32bit/microchannel 16mbit token-ring card, had much lower card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card (a PC/RT T/R server had higher throughput than RS/6000 T/R server).

In our TCPIP/Ethernet/3tier executive presentations we showed 300 RS/6000 CAT5 LAN configuration comparisons between $800 IBM 16mbit token-ring cards ($240k) with $69 10mbit CAT5 ethernet cards ($21K, $69 10mbit ethernet cards measured at 8.5mbits/sec). There was even enough money left over for a $40K TCP/IP router with 400mbit/sec backplane and 16 ethernet ports (19 RS/6000 per LAN), T1&T3 telco and mainframe channel support. Note: new Almaden research bldg was heavily provisioned with CAT5, presumably for 16mbit token-ring ... however they found CAT5 10mbit Ethernet LANs had higher aggregate LAN throughput and lower latency than 16mbit T/R (in additional to $69 10mbit Ethernet cards had significantly higher throughput than $800 16mbit T/R cards)

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
RFC1044 support posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
3-tier network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier
801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

some posts mentionining peer-to-peer (AWP39) and APPN (AWP164)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#4 What is IBM SNA?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#29 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#99 Systems thinking--still in short supply
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#15 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#99 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#26 SNA vs TCP/IP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#44 What Makes code storage management so cool?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#52 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#26 computer bootlaces
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#73 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#29 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#5 What is a Server?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#62 LPARs: More or Less?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#83 Small Server Mob Advantage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#3 VTAM security issue
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#26 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#56 When did "client server" become part of the language?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#71 Interesting ibm about the myths of the Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#10 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#46 Are there tasks that don't play by WLM's rules
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#72 FICON tape drive?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#62 Friday musings on the future of 3270 applications
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#39 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#55 Is computer history taugh now?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#48 6400 impact printer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#45 Mainframe Linux Mythbusting (Was: Using Java in batch on z/OS?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#21 Sending CONSOLE/SYSLOG To Off-Mainframe Server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#52 Need Help defining an AS400 with an IP address to the mainframe

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Public Education as a Domestic Machinery of Indoctrination and Disposability

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Public Education as a Domestic Machinery of Indoctrination and Disposability
Date: 11 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Public Education as a Domestic Machinery of Indoctrination and Disposability in the Age of Fascist Politics
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/05/11/public-education-as-a-domestic-machinery-of-indoctrination-and-disposability-in-the-age-of-fascist-politics/

Schools were now disparaged as government schools or even worse, "socialist training camps."[3] According to these assassins of public education, schools had become a byproduct of a government that used them to enforce a poisonous notion citizenship defined through the values of equity, freedom, justice, and equality.[4]

In this anti-democratic discourse, the role of government was to serve markets and the dictates of the financial elite, not social needs. As Pinochet-loving neoliberal economist Milton Friedman made clear in a 1970 article in the New York Times, social responsibility was the handiwork of socialists and communists and had no place either in the corporate world or in education.


... snip ...

capitalsim posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

some recent posts about industrial era schooling
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#27 What Does School Teach Children?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#72 Schooling Was for the Industrial Era, Unschooling Is for the Future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#13 The Nazification of American Education
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#16 My Story: How I Was "Groomed" by My Elementary School Teachers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#82 We Have a Creativity Problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#100 What Industrial Societies Get Wrong About Childhood
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#99 IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#78 Air Force opens first Montessori Officer Training School
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#103 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#3 The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#67 Range
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#111 The story of the internet is all about layers; How the internet lost its decentralized innocence
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#106 Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#73 Army researchers find the best cyber teams are antisocial cyber teams
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#46 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#84 Bureaucracy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#20 cultural stereotypes, was Ironic old "fortune"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#98 VNET 1983 IBM

some posts referencing Milton Friedman
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#15 It's still Ben Bernanke and Milton Friedman's Fed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#0 We need to rebuild a legal system where corporations owe duties to the general public
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#103 The Origin of Student Debt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#81 There is No Nobel Prize in Economics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#84 Destruction Of The Middle Class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#97 Why Companies Are Becoming B Corporations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#96 Why Companies Are Becoming B Corporations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#30 Why Mislead Readers about Milton Friedman and Segregation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#34 Chicago Boys' 100% Private Pension System in Chile Is in Big Trouble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#36 We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#22 Neoliberalism: America Has Arrived at One of History's Great Crossroads
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#17 Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#21 ESG Drives a Stake Through Friedman's Legacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#15 The Other 1 Percent": Morgan Stanley Spots A Market Ratio That Is "Unprecedented Even During The Tech Bubble"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#149 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#64 Capitalism as we know it is dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#32 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What is the Federalist Society and What Do They Want From Our Courts?

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What is the Federalist Society and What Do They Want From Our Courts?
Date: 11 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
What is the Federalist Society and What Do They Want From Our Courts?
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/05/11/what-is-the-federalist-society-and-what-do-they-want-from-our-courts/

Consequently, Trump appointed 53 judges to comprise just under a third of the federal appellate judges. Previously about half of Bush's appointments to those courts went to society members. That's no surprise because the George H.W. Bush administration gave responsibility for judicial selection in the White House Counsel's office to Lee Liberman Otis, a founder of FS.

... snip ...

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

posts posts mentioning Federalist &/or Heritage Foundation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#37 GOP unveils 'Commitment to America'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#15 Pro-Monarch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#14 It Didn't Start with Trump: The Decades-Long Saga of How the GOP Went Crazy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#9 Alito's Plan to Repeal Roe--and Other 20th Century Civil Rights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#4 Alito's Plan to Repeal Roe--and Other 20th Century Civil Rights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#118 The Death of Neoliberalism Has Been Greatly Exaggerated
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#107 The Cult of Trump is actually comprised of MANY other Christian cults
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#106 The Cult of Trump is actually comprised of MANY other Christian cults
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#72 In U.S., Far More Support Than Oppose Separation of Church and State
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#59 The Uproar Ovear the "Ultimate American Bible"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#98 No, the Vikings Did Not Discover America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#63 'A perfect storm': Airmen, F-22s struggle at Eglin nearly three years after Hurricane Michael
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#88 The Bunker: More Rot in the Ranks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#6 Onward, Christian fascists
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#5 Book: Kochland : the secret history of Koch Industries and corporate power in America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#3 Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#161 Fascists
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#150 How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#127 The Barr Presidency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#10 The 16919 Project
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#43 Actually, the Electoral College Was a Pro-Slavery Ploy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#31 The U.S. was not founded as a Christian nation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#40 Equality: The Impossible Quest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#4 Separation church and state
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#83 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#38 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#37 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#75 The Winds of Reform
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#41 The Heritage Foundation, Then and Now

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The many ethics scandals of Clarence and Ginni Thomas, briefly explained

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The many ethics scandals of Clarence and Ginni Thomas, briefly explained
Date: 11 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
The many ethics scandals of Clarence and Ginni Thomas, briefly explained
https://www.vox.com/politics/2023/5/5/23712870/supreme-court-clarence-thomas-ginni-ethics-harlan-crow-ethics-violations

related recent article/post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#51 What is the Federalist Society and What Do They Want From Our Courts?

some other recent articles mentioning Clarence and/or Ginni Thomas

Clarence Thomas Had a Child in Private School. Harlan Crow Paid the Tuition.
https://www.propublica.org/article/clarence-thomas-harlan-crow-private-school-tuition-scotus
Judicial activist directed fees to Clarence Thomas's wife, urged 'no mention of Ginni'
https://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/2023/05/04/leonard-leo-clarence-ginni-thomas-conway/
For over 20 years, Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas has been treated to luxury vacations by billionaire Republican donor Harlan Crow
https://www.propublica.org/article/clarence-thomas-scotus-undisclosed-luxury-travel-gifts-crow
Virginia Thomas urged White House chief to pursue unrelenting efforts to overturn the 2020 election, texts show
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2022/03/24/virginia-thomas-mark-meadows-texts/
The real reason for the Supreme Court's corruption crisis
https://www.vox.com/politics/2023/4/25/23697394/supreme-court-clarence-thomas-neil-gorsuch-corruption-harlan-crow-constitution
The profound pessimism of Clarence Thomas
https://www.vox.com/vox-conversations-podcast/2022/9/20/23342639/vox-conversations-clarence-thomas-supreme-court-black-nationalism
What does Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas really believe?
https://www.vox.com/vox-conversations-podcast/2022/9/20/23342639/vox-conversations-clarence-thomas-supreme-court-black-nationalism

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

a couple past posts mentioning Clarence &/or Ginni Thomas
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#81 Clarence Thomas and the Billionaire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#74 The Supreme Court Is Limiting the Regulatory State
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#33 Will Clarence Thomas Recuse Himself Fom Obamacare Case?

some other posts mentioning Supreme Court
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#78 The Progenitor of Inequalities - Corporate Personhood vs. Human Beings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#120 IBM Controlling the Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#14 It Didn't Start with Trump: The Decades-Long Saga of How the GOP Went Crazy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#121 We need to rebuild a legal system where corporations owe duties to the general public
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#88 Short-term profits and long-term consequences -- did Jack Welch break capitalism?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#39 The Supreme Court's History of Protecting the Powerful
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#4 Alito's Plan to Repeal Roe--and Other 20th Century Civil Rights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#97 Why Companies Are Becoming B Corporations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#36 The Supreme Court Has Never Been Apolitical
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#107 The Cult of Trump is actually comprised of MANY other Christian cults
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#90 Gasoline costs more these days, but price spikes have a long history and happen for a host of reasons
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#30 Why Mislead Readers about Milton Friedman and Segregation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#20 Koch Funding for Campuses Comes With Dangerous Strings Attached
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#7 The COVID Supply Chain Breakdown Can Be Traced to Capitalist Globalization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#72 In U.S., Far More Support Than Oppose Separation of Church and State
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#53 West from Appomattox: The Reconstruction of America after the Civil War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#46 Why Native Americans are buying back land that was stolen from them
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#32 Counterfeit Capitalism: Why a Monopolized Economy Leads to Inflation and Shortages
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#28 Massive infrastructure spending has a dark side. Yes, there is such a thing as dumb growth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#54 Republicans Have Taken a Brave Stand in Defense of Tax Cheats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#70 The Rise and Fall of an American Tech Giant
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#27 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#36 How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#30 The Supreme Court Finally Lets the Light Shine on Trump
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#6 Onward, Christian fascists
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#161 Fascists
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#148 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#144 PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#127 The Barr Presidency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#82 Prying Open The Overton Window
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#34 The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#1 The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#64 How the Supreme Court Is Rebranding Corruption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#49 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Conflicts with IBM Communication Group

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
Date: 11 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#47 IBM ACIS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#48 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#49 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group

Trivia: in another group somebody posted a spring 1995 letter from Gates to m'soft saying the next new thing is "internet". I was at the Jan1996 Moscone MSDC event where all the banners said "Internet" ... but the constant refrain in all the sessions was "preserve your investment" ... aka all the (visual) basic code embedded in data files would continue to be automagically executed (m'soft network support would just be extended to the internet w/o any countermeasures) ... giving huge explosion in viruses and exploits ... also giving rise to new anti-virus industry trying to recognize data patterns in files coming over the internet ... trivial pattern changes resulting in patterns exploding to hundreds of thousands and then to millions.

At the time I had been brought in as consultant to mosaic/netscape startup to help do electronic commerce ... and taught some tcp/ip classes to crop of young kids (doing browser implementation) about business critical tcp/ip ... and they were complaining it was too complex (I joked if it wasn't in steven's book they couldn't do it). I was at MSDC to talk with some of the old TCP/IP hands that m'soft had hired.

some references to mosaic/netscape work
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/
e-commerce payment gateway posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

posts mentioning tcpip/internet business critical dataprocessing, including Postel (internet standards editor) sponsoring my talk "Why Internet Isn't Business Critical Dataprocessing" based on compensating software&procedures I had to do for e-commerce
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#82 Memories of Mosaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#31 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#94 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#90 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#26 Why Things Fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#33 IBM "nine-net"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#105 FedEx to Stop Using Mainframes, Close All Data Centers By 2024
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#28 IBM "nine-net"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#14 IBM z16: Built to Build the Future of Your Business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#68 ARPANET pioneer Jack Haverty says the internet was never finished
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#38 Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#129 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#87 IBM and Internet Old Farts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#57 System Availability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#55 ESnet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#42 IBM Business School Cases
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#10 System Availability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#83 IBM Internal network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#72 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#24 NOW the web is 30 years old: When Tim Berners-Lee switched on the first World Wide Web server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#16 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#113 Internet and Business Critical Dataprocessing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#60 1970s school compsci curriculum--what would you do?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#23 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#75 11May1992 (25 years ago) press on cluster scale-up
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#70 Domain Name System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#65 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#50 CA ESD files Options
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#29 CA ESD files Options
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#53 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#16 Today's mainframe--anything to new?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#42 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#32 Mainframes & Unix

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Auto Industry

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US Auto Industry
Date: 13 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
I've sure I've posted this here before ....

In 1990, US auto industry had "C4 taskforce" to look at completely remaking themselves. Since they were planning on making extensive use of IT, they invite representatives from major IT vendors to participate (and I was one of people selected). They presented detailed account of history and circumstances

In the 70s, cheap foreign imports was starting to take over the US market, lots of competition and downward price pressure. Congress then puts in import quotas, to drastically reduce competition and price pressure ... assuming the huge profits would be used to completely remake themselves. However, they just continued business as usual and pocketed the money. The foreign competition analysis was at the quota set limit, they could sell that many high-end cars (as low price cars). At the time industry standard took 7-8yrs to come out with new product, from inception to rolling off the line; because foreign competition was doing complete makeover of their product, they also cut development from 7-8yrs to 3-4yrs ... further reducing price pressure and the US industry was able to nearly double the price of car over a few years. From the law of unintended consequences, the drastic increase in auto prices required the industry to move from 36month loans to 60-72month loans. Lenders wouldn't provide the money w/o a corresponding increase in warranties ... and the industry started being killed by repair and warranty costs (because of poor quality). Early 80s, there was (washington post?) article calling for 100% unearned profits tax on the US auto industry.

At the time of the C4 task force meetings, foreign competition was in the process of cutting the product development elapsed time in half again to 18-24months (able to more quickly respond to changes in technology and customer preferences). Offline, I would chide the rep from IBM mainframe/POK, how was he going to contribute, since mainframes had a similar elapsed time to roll out new product (auto industry typically had two efforts going on concurrently offset 3-4yrs, so it looked like they were able to do something new, more timely) ... aka foreign auto industry significantly more nimble and agile, able to quickly adapt to change.

Disclaimer: In Jan1999 I was asked to help try to prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). Note at the time of using TARP funds for the US auto industry ... it was clear that numerous stake holders continued to inhibit the makeovers.

I've also periodically used this related to Boyd&OODA ... "How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers"
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.


... snip ...

boyd postings & web urls
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
C4 taskforce meeting posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM VM/370

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM VM/370
Date: 13 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
starts with 23jun1969 unbundling announcement charging for (application) software (managed to make the case operating system/kernel software would still be free), SE services, maint. etc. Then the Future System effort in the 1st part of the 70s, was completely different than 360/370 and was going to completely replace 370. Internal politics during the period was killing off 370 efforts (lack of new 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone 370 makers, their market foothold). Then with the FS implosion, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off 3033 & 3081 efforts in parallel.
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

After graduating and joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... I continued to work on 360&370 all during FS, including periodically ridiculing what they were doing (which wasn't exactly career enhancing). With the FS implosion lots of my internal stuff was selected for customer products. Also the rise of clone 370 makers appeared to result in decision to transition to charging for kernel software ... starting with charging for new, kernel addons ... some of my stuff was selected to be guinea pig for kernel charged for add-on ... shooting for all kernel software was charged for by the early 80s. For customers, the OCO-wars (object-code only) started in the early 80s, after IBM completed transition to charging for all kernel software. Some of this can be seen in customer comments in the VMSHARE archives (TYMSHARE started providing its CMS-based online computer conferencing free to the SHARE organization starting in AUG1976).
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
example from VMSHARE
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse.cgi?fn=OCO&ft=PROB&args=KEYS#hit

In the wake of the FS implosion, the head of POK had also convinced corporate to kill the VM370 product, shutdown the development group and move all the people to POK for MVS/XA (claiming that otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't be able to ship on time) and all source at the VM370 development site evaporates. Endicott eventually manages to save the VM370 product mission but had to reconstitute a development organization from scratch (and any source that never shipped, like VMFPLC source, had to be recreated, in VMFPLC case, by reverse engineering VMFPLC tapes.

other comments
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/

trivia: I had taken a copy of VMFPLC and added a bunch of enhancements for CMSBACK ... for nightly incremental archive/backups. I had it installed at number of internal installations including the consolidated US sales&marketing HONE system up in Palo Alto. CMSBACK was later enhanced with PC & workstation clients and released as workstation datasave facility (WDSF), which morphs into ADSM, and then Tivoli Storage Manager (now IBM Spectrum Protect).

IBM unbundling announcement posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
dynamic adaptive resource management posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
backup/archive posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup
some CMSBACK email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cmsback
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
IBM Downfall posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
(virtual machine based) commercial online service bureaus
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

posts mentioning SHARE mainframe user group, TYMSHARE, and VMSHARE archives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#7 RED and XEDIT fullscreen editors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#28 Early Online
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#54 Misinformation: anti-vaccine bullshit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#21 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#85 z/VM Live Guest Relocation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#4 EasyLink email ad
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#33 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#39 Just a quick link to a video by the National Research Council of Canada made in 1971 on computer technology for filmmaking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#31 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#84 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#10 Happy DEC-10 Day

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Empty Suits

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Empty Suits
Date: 14 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
After joining IBM, I drank the koolaid and wore 3piece suits for customers ... however after being told I had no career (because I wouldn't take part of a coverup for the CEO's good sailing buddy) ... after that, never bothered again.

Besides hobby of doing enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... and wandering around internal datacenters ... I spent some amount of time at user group meetings (like SHARE) and wandering around customers. Director of one of the largest (customer) financial datacenters liked me to drop in and talk technology. At one point, the branch manager horribly offended the customer and in retaliation, they ordered an Amdahl machine (lonely Amdahl clone 370 in a vast sea of "blue). Up until then Amdahl had been selling into univ. & tech/scientific markets, but clone 370s had yet to break into the IBM true-blue commercial market ... and this would be the first. I got asked to go spend a 6m-12m on site at the customer to obfuscate the reason for the Amdahl order. I talked it over with the customer and said while he would like to have me there it would have no affect on the decision, so I declined the offer. I was then told the branch manager is good sailing buddy of IBM CEO and I could forget a career, promotions, raises ... after that, I give up on suits and white shirts ... do get feedback from customers that it was refreshing to have somebody other than the standard IBM "empty suits". Some more on IBM "empty suits" as well as Learson efforts trying to block the bureaucrats, careerists (and MBAs) from destroying the watson legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/

Note the IBM Cambridge Science Center was on 4th flr of 545techsq, the IBM Boston Programming Center was part of the 3rd flr, and the CSC computer room was on the 2nd (MIT Multics was on the 5th flr). Then some of the CSC CP67/CMS spun off to do VM370 and took over the IBM Boston Programming Center. On the lobby directory the rest of the 3rd floor listed a law firm. However the 3rd floor telco closet was in the IBM side ... and one panel was clearly labeled IBM and the other panel was labled CIA.

I was asked to teach computer&security classes to gov. agencies in the Wash.DC area ... one was a long-time CP67 and then VM370 customer. One multiple day class, was in large classroom in the basement. In the middle of the afternoon half the class quietly got up and walked out. I looked quizzically and somebody in front said I can look at it in one of two ways 1) half the class went upstairs to listen to the VP in the auditorium or 2) half the class stayed to listen to me (offline one of the guys bragged that they knew where I was everyday of my life back to birth, and challenged me to name any date ... really weird since never worked for gov. and/or had clearance ... it was before the Church commission and I guess they justified it since they ran so much of my software.

ibm science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

some posts mentioning IBM "empty suits"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#52 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#51 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#66 IBM Dress Code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#85 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#66 IBM CEO Story
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#68 IBM Suits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#27 Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain

some posts mentioning 3flr telco panel labels
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#15 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#65 CSC, Virtual Machines, Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#84 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#36 Semi-OT: Government snooping was Re: Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#16 [OT ] Mainframe memories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#55 Polaroid's SX-70, the Greatest Gadget of All Time, Is 41
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#47 Is C close to the machine?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#41 Very slow booting and running and brain-dead OS's?

some other posts mentioning gov. agency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#98 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#30 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#57 Computer Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#37 IBM Confidential
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#19 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#72 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#66 Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#64 Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#26 Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#20 Why IBM chose MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!' made30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#69 PDCA vs. OODA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#57 any 70's era supercomputers that ran as slow as today's supercomputers?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Conflicts with IBM Communication Group

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
Date: 15 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#47 IBM ACIS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#48 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#49 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#53 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group

SNA ... not a "system", not a "network", not an "architecture"

I had HSDT project starting in early 80s for T1 (1.5mbits/sec, 3mbits/sec aggregate full duplex, EU 2mbits/sec & 4mbits/sec) and faster computer links. SNA/VTAM was kneecapped at 56kbits until late 80s with 3737, which was rube golberg boxes that supported single T1 by spoofing a CTCA link to the host VTAMs (3737s had whole boatload of memory and M68k processors with a mini-VTAM in each box trying to mask round trip latency; aka host VTAM limited the max. "un-ACKed" transmitted data (at T1, even short-haul terrestrial links latency easily exceeded the limit).

some archived email mentioning 3737
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#email880715
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005

Mid-80s some Series/1 IBMers con me into turning out a type-1 IBM product ... original done by one of the baby bells. It was a spoofed NCP/VTAM implemented on Series/1 that compensated for all sorts of host VTAM limitations ... including distributed (no-single-point-of-failure) Series/1s owned all resources and simulated cross-domain to (real) host VTAMs. Old archived post with parts of presentation I gave at fall86 SNA ARB meeting in Raleigh (as I was leaving the meeting, the executive that ran SNA ARB, caught me in the hall, not to ask for more information, but wanted to know who authorized me to do the presentation (old joke about run as "mushroom farm", keeping internal people in the dark and feeding them "....").
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
also part of presentation that one of the baby bell people gave at spring '86 IBM COMMON user group meeting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

the other IBMers involved, were well aware of Raleigh reputation for corporate political dirty tricks, tried to create countermeasures for everything that they might try to kill the effort. What the communication group did next (to kill the project) can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction.

We spent some time with the executive responsible for IIN ... he said that the Series/1 NCP/VTAM would solve lots of their issues ... but there was no way he would cross the head of the communication group.

one of the countermeasures to communication group political dirty tricks was talking the president of bell south into covering all IBM costs for turning it out as type-1 product ... WITH NO STRINGS ATTACHED ... claiming that Bell South would completely recover it within 9months if he had it (in place of stuff from Raleigh)

... other story talking to IIN ... claimed at the time that there was only a single physical telco trunk running between Tampa and Atlanta (and rest of the country) ... this was when there had been some "backhoe" vulnerabilities .... including when ARPANET was originally connected to Boston area and they carefully configured nine links that went by different physically routed trunks. Then came case where Boston lost Internet connectivity due to backhoe taking out trunk in Connecticut. Over the years the nine carefully routed links were consolidated into single trunk. IIN wanted some alternatives if the single trunk to Atlanta got damaged.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

some past posts mentioning the Series/1 VTAM/NCP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#50 SystemView
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#74 IMS Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#52 Series/1 NCP/VTAM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#52 IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#99 Boca Series/1 & CPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#15 I actually miss working at IBM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 15 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
I've periodically mentioned after leaving IBM did some work at Mosaic/Netscape responsible for electronic commerce ... had been brought in as consultant, two of the former Oracle people that we had worked with on HA/CMP cluster scale-up (before it was transferred for announce as IBM Supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors), were there responsible for something called "commerce server" and they wanted to do payment transactions on the server.

Then because of the electronic commerce work was invited to participate in X9, US Financial Industry Standards (which also feeds into TC68). Had some amount of dealings with IBM VP for Payment & Certification, Internet Division. There is a news story written up as the last great party of the computer generation. Jan2000, RSA Conference was in San Jose Convention Center. The IBM VP for Payment/Certification had contracted/payed for a large gala event held in the San Jose Coliseum. The week before RSA, IBM dissolved his organization ... but since he had already contracted for the event, he was in tux at the coliseum entrance, greeting people as they came in. Have to scroll out (about 2/3rds to the right) "2000 IBM Gala Program"
https://web.archive.org/web/20070206152557/http://www.joemonica.com/pages/print.html
somebody's trip report has Jefferson Starship playing on the coliseum floor.
https://seclists.org/politech/2000/Jan/58

some 1992 press about IBM supercomputer. 1st one is 2/17/92 only a couple weeks after being told our HA/CMP cluster scale-up was transferred and we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. Computerworld news 17feb1992 (from wayback machne) ... IBM establishes laboratory to develop parallel systems (pg8)
https://archive.org/details/sim_computerworld_1992-02-17_26_7
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters3
earlier in Jan1992 we had already told Oracle CEO Ellison would have 16-way mid92 and 128-way ye92.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

from the 3rd press item (15jun92); never materialized:

'In fact, IBM is said to be planning to demonstrate a 32-microprocessor version of its most powerful mainframe computers later this year'

... snip ...

Note: IBM doesn't even ship a mainframe 16-way processor until after turn of century. After Future System imploded, mid-70s, I got sucked into helping with 16-processor 370 and we con'ed the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time. Everybody thought it was really great until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before POK favorite son operating system (MVS) had effective 16-way support ... and the head of POK invites some of us to never visit again (and 3033 processor engineers told heads down on 3033 and don't be distracted).

Note: HA/CMP started out HA/6000 for the NYTimes to migrate their newspaper system (ATEX) off DEC VAXCluster to RS/6000. I rename it HA/CMP when I start doing technical/scientific cluster scale-up with national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with RDBMS vendors.

a little mosaic/netscape
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/
a little internet
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

ha/cmp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
payment networks support for electronic commerce
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
smp, multiprocessor, tightly-coupled (&/or compare&swap) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

ibm downfall posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

long winded previous posts in this thread:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#7 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#8 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#9 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#10 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#11 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#12 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#13 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#15 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#16 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#18 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#19 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#20 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#21 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#22 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#23 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#24 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#25 IBM Downfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370 3270 Terminal

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370 3270 Terminal
Date: 15 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#40 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#41 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#42 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#43 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#44 VM/370 3270 Terminal

Service processor for 3090 started with highly modified VM370 Release 6 (after all the problems with the UC service processor for 3081) running on 4331 with all the screens done in CMS IOS3270. This was then upgraded to pair of 4361s with 3370 FBA disks.
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

At the start, the manager of the trout/3092 service processor group was also very active participant in "tandem memos" ... who got severely penalized for participating (eventually effort taken over by somebody from YKT datacenter).

Late 70s/early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the corporate internal network. It really took off spring 1981 when I distributed a trip report about visit to Jim Gray at Tandem. Eventually six copies of some 300 pages are printed, packaged in "TANDEM" 3-ring binders along with an executive summary and summary of the summary, were sent to the corporate executive committee (folklore is 5of6 wanted to fire me). Some more details here:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

In the early 80s, I wanted to demonstrate REX(X) was not just another pretty scripting language (before renamed REXX and released to customers). I decided on redoing a large assembler application (dump reader & fault analysis) in REX with ten times the function and ten times the performance (lot of hacks done to make interpreted REX run faster than assembler), working half time over three months elapsed. I finished early so started writing automated script that searched for most common failure signatures). It also included a pseudo dis-assembler ... converting storage areas into instruction sequences. I had thought that it would be released to customers but for what ever reasons it wasn't (even tho it was in use by almost every internal datacenter and customer support PSR ... this was also in the OCO-wars period) ... but I finally got permission to give talks on the implementation at user group meetings ... and within a few months similar implementations started showing up at customer shops.

Old email from the 3092 (3090 service processor) guys wanting to ship DUMPRX ...
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
dumprx posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx
IBM Downfall posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370 3270 Terminal

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370 3270 Terminal
Date: 16 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#40 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#41 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#42 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#43 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#44 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#59 VM/370 3270 Terminal

Before 3705 ship/announce ... science center (primarily Edson Hendricks) tried really hard to convince CPD to use Peachtree processor (used in series/1) for 3705 ... rather than uc.5 ... also shows up in my recent post about in the mid-80s getting ask to turn out a series/1 vastly superior ncp/vtam implementation (compared to 3725) as type1 product. more in this recent post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#57 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
about type-1 NCP/VTAM in series/1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
also part of presentation that one of the baby bell people gave at spring '86 IBM COMMON user group meeting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

other topic drift, doing a clone 360 communication controller in the 60s
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm

Other uc.5 trivia ... Bob Evans asked my wife to audit 8100 ... shortly later 8100 was shutdown. She says top of her list was primitive i/o structure ... even before the anemic processing power

more on Edson:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

In June 1975, MIT Professor Jerry Saltzer accompanied Hendricks to DARPA, where Hendricks described his innovations to the principal scientist, Dr. Vinton Cerf. Later that year in September 15-19 of 75, Cerf and Hendricks were the only two delegates from the United States, to attend a workshop on Data Communications at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg Austria where again, Hendricks spoke publicly about his innovative design which paved the way to the Internet as we know it today.

... snip ...

It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
SJMerc article about Edson (he passed aug2020) and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
Also from wayback machine, some additional (IBM missed) references from Ed's website
https://web.archive.org/web/20000115185349/http://www.edh.net/bungle.htm

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
nsfnet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370 3270 Terminal

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370 3270 Terminal
Date: 16 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#40 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#41 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#42 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#43 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#44 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#59 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#60 VM/370 3270 Terminal

some background on service processor ... FE had a bootstrap service process that included scoping circuits to identify problem items for replacement ... with the advent of 3081 and TCMs ... that was no longer possible since they were encapsulated in the thermal module. The 3081 TCMs had bunch of probes that FE/CE could access with the service processor. Note in the wake of the Future System implosion there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines including kicking off quick&dirty 3033&3081 in parallel. The 3081 used some warmed over FS technology that resulted in enormous increase in circuits.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

The 370 emulator minus the FS microcode was eventually sold in 1980 as as the IBM 3081. The ratio of the amount of circuitry in the 3081 to its performance was significantly worse than other IBM systems of the time; its price/performance ratio wasn't quite so bad because IBM had to cut the price to be competitive. The major competition at the time was from Amdahl Systems -- a company founded by Gene Amdahl, who left IBM shortly before the FS project began, when his plans for the Advanced Computer System (ACS) were killed. The Amdahl machine was indeed superior to the 3081 in price/performance and spectaculary superior in terms of performance compared to the amount of circuitry.]

... snip ...

... i.e. TCMs were required to package the enormous increase in circuits in reasonable volume ... which then led to requirement for service processor. The 3081D was claimed to be 5mips/processor ... but a 3081D processor tended to benchmark slower then 3033 processor. They then doubled cache sizes for 3081K claiming 7mips/processor ... but tended to benchmark only slightly more than 3033 proceessor. The Amdahl single processor machine throughput was much better than 3081K (two processor) throughput (in part because MVS software multiprocessor overhead was so large, in 70s MVS documentation, two processor tended to only have 1.2-1.5 times throughput of a single processor) and Amdahl two processor machine throughput was better than 3084 (four processor) throughput.

Now after FS implodes I also got roped into project working on 16 processor 370 ... and we con'ed the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time (a lot more interesting than remapping 168 logic to 20% faster chips). Everybody thot it was great until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades until POK favorite son operating system (MVS) had effective 16-way support ... some of us then were told to never visit POK again (and the 3033 processor engineers to stop being distracted). Then once 3033 was out the door, they start working on trout (3090). Continued to have interactions with the 3033/3090 engineers ... old email about 3090 doing "real" SIE. It turns out that 3081 had limited microcode space ... so 3081 had to execute SIE instruction required "paging" the microcode.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#email810630
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#email831118
a couple posts mentioning subject
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#52 Amdahl Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System

Note: Also in the wake of FS implosion, the head of POK also convinces corporate to kill VM370, shutdown the development group and transfer all the people to POK for MVS/XA (claiming that otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time). Some of the people do a limited virtual machine facility (VMTOOL) supporting MVS/XA development (which required the SIE instruction). Endicott eventually manages to save the VM370 product mission, but has to reconstitute a development group from scratch.

I'm doing presentations at BAYBUNCH (monthly user group meetings held at Stanford SLAC) on the ECPS microcode assist for 138/148 (also used in 4300). Post about ECPS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

The Amdahl people are pumping me for additional information. They had developed MACROCODE (sort of 370-like) that ran in microcode mode, in reaction to plethora of trivial microcode changes IBM POK was doing (was enormously faster/easier than programming in horizontal microcode) ... and Amdahl was in process of using MACROCODE to implement HYPERVISOR (VM370 subset in microcode). POK was finding that customers weren't converting to MVS/XA like they were suppose to (and Amdahl was doing better because customers could run MVS & MVS/XA concurrently). POK then decides to ship VMTOOL for aiding MVS/XA conversion ... as VM/MA and then VM/SF.

Sysprog in Rochester had enhanced VM370 with full XA support ... leading to political battle between POK and Endicott. The POK people want to form a couple hundred person group in Kingston to enhance VMTOOL with the feature, function, and performance of VM/370 ... while Endicott could just ship VM/370 with full XA support (POK wins). A couple old email refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email860122
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email860123

Takes until 1988 for the 3090 to respond (to Amdahl HYPERVISOR) with LPAR & PR/SM (implemented in horizontal microcode).

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
360/370 microcode posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360mcode
multiprocessor, tightly-coupled, smp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

some posts mentioning vmtool, vm/ma, vm/sf, sie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#55 z/VM 50th - Part 6, long winded zm story (before z/vm)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#9 VM/370 Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#56 CMS OS/360 Simulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#82 Virtual Machine SIE instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#119 70s & 80s mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#17 Write Inhibit

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Conflicts with IBM Communication Group

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
Date: 15 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#47 IBM ACIS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#48 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#49 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#53 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#57 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group

the series/1 NCP/VTAM wasn't my first effort in this area ... back to undergraduate in the 60s. I had taken two semester credit hr intro to fortran/computers. Within a year of taking class, I was hired fulltime responsible for OS/360. Univ. had been sold 360/67 for tss/360 (replacing 709 tape->tape with 1401 unit record front end) ... but TSS/360 never came to production fruition so runs as 360/65 (w/os360). The univ. shutdown the datacenter over the weekend and I would have the whole place dedicated (although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday classes hard). On 709 (tape->tape), student fortran job ran under sec ... initially with 360/67&os360, they ran over minute (almost 100 times slower). I install HASP cutting time in half. I then redo STAGE2 SYSGEN to order datasets and PDS members to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search, cutting student jobs another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. Never ran faster than 709 until I install Univ. of Waterloo WATFOR.

Some people from CSC came out to install CP67/CMS (3rd after CSC itself and MIT Lincold labs) ... and I get to play with it on weekends rewriting a lot of code. Part of '68 SHARE presentation on some early CP67 (and os360) performance benchmarks:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

CP67 as delivered had 1052 & 2741 support with some automagic code that determined terminal type and used the SAD CCW to dynamically assign the correct terminal type scanner to each port. The univ had a bunch of TTY/ASCII terminals and I added ASCII support ... integrated in with dynamically determining terminal type (triva: when the original ASCII/TTY hardware arrived to install in the 360 terminal controller, it came in a box from Heathkit). I then wanted to use a single dialup phone number ("hunt group") for all terminal types
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting

... however it didn't quite work ... IBM had taken shortcut and had hardwired line speed for each port (instead of switching when SAD command switched line type scanner). This kicked off univ. program to do clone (terminal) controller, built a channel interface card for a Interdata/3 programmed to emulate IBM controller with the addition that it did dynamic line speed recognition (not just fixed line speed switch based on terminal type port scanner) ... four of us get written up for (some part of) IBM clone controller business. Later it was enhanced with an Interdate/4 for channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for port interfaces. Interdata and later, Perkin-Elmer sold them as IBM clone controller.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perkin-Elmer#Computer_Systems_Division
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concurrent_Computer_Corporation

After turn of the century, I ran into descendant of the box, in mainframe datacenter that was handling nearly all dial-up card-swipe merchant POS terminals east of the Mississippi.

cambridge science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
360 telecommunication clone controller posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm

part of Series/1 NCP/VTAM presentation to SNA ARB
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
also part of presentation that one of the baby bell people gave at spring '86 IBM COMMON user group meeting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

Some posts mentioning 68 SHARE (CP67&OS360) benchmark
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#46 IBM DASD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#26 Global & Local Page Replacement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#15 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#10 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#50 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#57 CMS OS/360 Simulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#45 MGLRU Revved Once More For Promising Linux Performance Improvements
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#30 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#0 System Response
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#22 IBM Cloud to offer Z-series mainframes for first time - albeit for test and dev
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#20 CP-67
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#13 360 Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#26 Is this group only about older computers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#25 CP67 and BPS Loader
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#59 Order of Knights VM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#0 IBM Lost Opportunities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#61 Virtual Machine Debugging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#71 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#43 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#65 SHARE (& GUIDE)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#19 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#38 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#37 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#81 The Golden Age of computer user groups
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#64 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#17 Performance History, 5-10Oct1986, SEAS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#26 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#8 IBM timesharing terminal--offline preparation?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inside the Pentagon's New "Perception Management" Office to Counter Disinformation

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Inside the Pentagon's New "Perception Management" Office to Counter Disinformation
Date: 17 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Inside the Pentagon's New "Perception Management" Office to Counter Disinformation. "Perception management" came to prominence during the Reagan administration, which used the term to describe its propaganda efforts.
https://theintercept.com/2023/05/17/pentagon-perception-management-office/

Not long after the 9/11 attacks, the Bush administration launched what it called the Office of Strategic Influence, which would seek to "counter the enemy's perception management" in the so-called war on terror. But it quickly became clear that the office, operating under Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, would be managing those perceptions with its own disinformation.

... snip ..

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:

Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.

... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:

But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.

... snip ...

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

The Deep State (US administration behind formation of ISIS)
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:

In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming administration choose personnel

pg191/loc3057-58:

In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second,

pg191/loc3060-62:

Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.

... snip ...

... including kicked hundreds of thousands of former soldiers out on the streets created ISIS ... and bypassing the ammo dumps (looking for fictitious/fabricated WMDs) gave them over a million metric tons (for IEDs).

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
WMDs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
sucess of failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
team b
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Some Climate Lawsuits Succeed While Others Crash and Burn

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why Some Climate Lawsuits Succeed While Others Crash and Burn
Date: 17 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Why Some Climate Lawsuits Succeed While Others Crash and Burn. A lot hinges on whether judges are willing to look at scientific evidence.
https://slate.com/technology/2023/05/how-to-build-a-climate-lawsuit.html

... then there are the "Merchants of Doubt" ... some of the same "white coats" hired by the tobacco industry were also for sale to "big oil"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt
Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
https://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

Climate scientists first laughed at a 'bizarre' campaign against the BoM - then came the harassment
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2023/may/07/climate-scientists-first-laughed-at-a-bizarre-campaign-against-the-bom-then-came-the-harassment

For more than a decade, climate science deniers, rightwing politicians and sections of the Murdoch media have waged a campaign to undermine the legitimacy of the Bureau of Meteorology's temperature records.

... snip ...

'Wildfire of disinformation': how Chevron exploits a news desert
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2022/sep/12/chevron-newspaper-local-news-permian-proud-site

The audacious PR plot that seeded doubt about climate change
https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-62225696

Drawing on thousands of newly discovered documents, this three-part film charts how the oil industry mounted a campaign to sow doubt about the science of climate change, the consequences of which we are living through today.

... snip ...

merchants of doubt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economic Mess and IBM Science Center

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Economic Mess and IBM Science Center
Date: 17 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
In Jan2009, there was news items that IDC would be used to price the off-book toxic assets of the Too Big To Fail for purchase by the Treasury (as part of the bailout). The SECTREAS had asked congress to appropriate TARP funds as part of the TBTF bailout ... however only $700B was appropriated and ye2008, just the four largest TBTF had $5.2T in offbook toxic assets. It was the Federal Researve (behind the scenes, fought a legal battle to block making public what they were doing) that was buying trillions in offbook toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate_policy

When the FED was forced to make it public, the chairman had press conference claiming that he had expected the TBTF to use it to help main street, but when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop ZIRP). Note, the chaiman had been selected in part, because he was a student of the depression, ... at that time, the FED had tried something similar with the same results, so there shouldn't have any expectation of different results this time.

Note that mortages and loans were being securitized and the credit agencies were being paid for triple-A rating (when the agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings). The triple-A rating allowing over $27T (2001-2008) being sold off into the bond market.

Then they found that they could create securitized loans & mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell into the bond market and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail. At the time, the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar. The SECTREAS then steps in and has them sign a document that they couldn't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face-value pay offs was the firm formally headed by the SECTREAS.

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Toxic CDO posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Federal Reserve Chairman posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Note, in the 60s, IDC was one of the CP67/CMS online spinoffs of the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center ... IBM CSC posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
Virtual machine commercial online service bureaus
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

IDC quickly moves up the value stream, specializing in providing online service for the financial industry. Posts mentioning in 70s, IDC bought Pricing Services division from S&P (that supposedly was going to be used to price the TBTF offbook toxic assts)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#45 Corporations Are People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#16 Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#82 spacewar
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#50 TARP Bailout to Cost Less Than Once Anticipated
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#68 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#41 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#70 When did "client server" become part of the language?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#30 Timeline: 40 years of OS milestones
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#15 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#1 Audit II: Two more scary words: Sarbanes-Oxley
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#32 What are the challenges in risk analytics post financial crisis?

other posts mentioning IDC, original employee doing "first financial language", and then co-founder of startup that did original spreadsheet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#13 NCSS and Dun & Bradstreet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#28 IBM Cambridge Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#49 4th generation language
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#92 Cobol and Jean Sammet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economic Mess and IBM Science Center

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Economic Mess and IBM Science Center
Date: 18 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#65 Economic Mess and IBM Science Center

Original IDC employee had done "First Financail Language" and then decade later was co-founder of startup and responsible for doing the original spreadsheet.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VisiCalc

they had tried to recruit me when I graduated (at the time, I had been hired into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services, consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, I had thot that Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world, couple hundred million in 360 systems) but I went to science center instead ... old souvenir

IDC First Financial Language

IBM CSC posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
Virtual machine commercial online service bureaus
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

other old history
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda#VMHist

some recent posts mentioning hired into small group in Boeing CFO office
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#15 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#101 IBM Oxymoron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#91 360 Announce Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#75 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#118 Google Tells Some Employees to Share Desks After Pushing Return-to-Office Plan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#63 Boeing to deliver last 747, the plane that democratized flying
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#57 Almost IBM class student
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#5 1403 printer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370 3270 Terminal

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370 3270 Terminal
Date: 18 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#40 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#41 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#42 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#43 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#44 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#59 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#60 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#61 VM/370 3270 Terminal
and
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#65 Economic Mess and IBM Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#66 Economic Mess and IBM Science Center

some other early history ... Univ had hired me fulltime responsible for OS360 within a year after taking intro to fortran/computers. IBM had sold univ. a 360/67 for tss/360 to replace 709/1401 ... however tss/360 never came to production fruition and so ran as 360/65 with OS/360. Student fortran jobs original ran under second on 709, initially with os/360 they ran over a minute. I install HASP and it cuts it in half. I then started doing customize STAGE2 SYSGEN placing datasets and PDS member for optimized arm seek and (pds directory) multi-track search, cutting another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. Student Fortran never got better than 709 until I installed Univ. of Waterloo WATFOR.

Three people from science center came out to install CP67/CMS last week Jan1968 (3rd installation after CSC itself and MIT Lincoln Labs) and I mostly played with it on weekends in my dedicated time (univ. shutdown datacenter on weekends and I had it dedicated for 48hrs straight ... although 48hrs w/o sleep made Monday morning classes hard), rewriting lots of CP67 code. I was then asked to attend the Spring68 SHARE meeting in Houston for "official" CP67/CMS announce. Then CSC was having week CP67/CMS class the 1st week in June68 at Beverly Hills Hilton. I arrive Sunday afternoon and asked if I would teach the CP67 class (they said the people that were going to teach CP67, had resigned that Friday and were forming one of the CSC spinoff online commercial service bureaus).

I continued to optimize both OS/360 and CP67/CMS and present results of some benchmarks at the Fall68 SHARE meeting ... part of the presentation (in this archived post from 1994)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Spring 1969 I'm asked to teach a one week CP67/CMS class for Boeing. Before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with formation of Boeing Computer Services, and then when I graduate, I join Cambridge Science Center (instead of staying at Boeing).

Presentation I gave on vm performance history at Fall86 SEAS meeting (and then gave again at HILLGANG meeting 2009)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/hill0316g.pdf
other history ref (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

IBM CSC posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
Virtual machine commercial online service bureaus
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

Posts mentioning being asked to teach CP67 class June1968
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#57 Almost IBM class student
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#0 IBM Quota

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370 3270 Terminal

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370 3270 Terminal
Date: 18 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#40 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#41 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#42 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#43 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#44 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#59 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#60 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#61 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#67 VM/370 3270 Terminal
and
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#65 Economic Mess and IBM Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#66 Economic Mess and IBM Science Center

... possibly more than you want to know

360/65 (360/67, 360/75, etc) had reasonably fast fixed & floating instructions (but that wasn't where problems were, it was OS/360 job overhead). 709 tape->tape had fortran loaded and streamed one program after another outputing to tape. os/360 had hundreds of overhead system disk i/os (for both simple programs and complex programs). WATFOR made student fortran more like ... 709 ... get WATFOR loaded (mostly os/360 system overhead disk i/o) and then it processed more like 709 ... batch streaming in student jobs and printed output to HASP.

Claim was WATFOR on os/360 360/65 w/HASP .... processed student fortran at 20,000 "cards"/minute ... 333cards/second. Student fortran program 30-60 cards ... usually batched a tray of 2000-2500 cards per WATFOR run ... about 4-5 seconds system overhead to load WATFOR ... and then tray batch of 2500 cards 7.5secs ... avg around 55 student jobs (at avg of 45 cards/job) ... 7.5/55 or .14sec/job ... with system overhead (7.5+4.5)/55 total 12secs/55 ... .22secs/job. It would be possible and wait for 3-4 full trays of card per WATFOR run ... spreading the 4-5sec system overhead to load WATFOR over larger number of cards&jobs.

Traditional OS/360 JOB processing was three execution steps ... w/o hasp and not optimization took over a minimum of a minute effectively for even null three execution steps. Installing HASP cut that in half. Highly optimizing OS/360 (system) disk activity cut it another 2/3rds to 12.9secs ... effectively all OS/360 system disk I/O overhead for the three executive steps ... or 4.3secs per step. WATFOR batch streamed job processing with only a single OS/360 system disk I/O overhead step for a whole batch of jobs (& cards).

this is from end of ACS/360 (executives killed ACS/360 because they were afraid it would advanced the computing state of the art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market; list some features that show up in ES/9000 some 20+yrs later):
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Of the 26,000 IBM computer systems in use, 16,000 were S/360 models (that is, over 60%). [Fig. 1.311.2]

Of the general-purpose systems having the largest fraction of total installed value, the IBM S/360 Model 30 was ranked first with 12% (rising to 17% in 1969). The S/360 Model 40 was ranked second with 11% (rising to almost 15% in 1970). [Figs. 2.10.4 and 2.10.5]

Of the number of operations per second in use, the IBM S/360 Model 65 ranked first with 23%. The Univac 1108 ranked second with slightly over 14%, and the CDC 6600 ranked third with 10%. [Figs. 2.10.6 and 2.10.7]


... snip ...

I've mentioned when hired into small group in Boeing CFO office to help form Boeing Computing Services, I thot Renton datacenter was largest in the world. Something like couple hundred in 360s, nearly all 360/65s that were arriving faster than they could be installed (boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room) ... and a single 360/75 (that had black rope around the perimeter area and guards when running classified work; black velvet covering the console lights and the 1403 printer window/output).

recent posts mentioning 709, student jobs, watfor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#25 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#91 360 Announce Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#26 DISK Performance and Reliability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#15 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#42 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#110 Window Display Ground Floor Datacenters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#57 CMS OS/360 Simulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#89 Computer BUNCH
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#13 360 Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#72 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#23 Target Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#12 Programming Skills

some recent posts mentioning ACS/360 end
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#84 Clone/OEM IBM systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#20 IBM Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#6 z/VM 50th - part 7
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#0 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#73 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#72 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#41 IBM 3081 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#36 IBM changes between 1968 and 1989

somewhat related to end of ACS/360
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NSFNET (Old Farts)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: NSFNET (Old Farts)
Date: 19 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Early 80s, I had HSDT effort (T1 and faster computer links) and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running) ... Preliminary Announcement (28Mar1986)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

... snip ...

IBM internal politics not allowing us to bid (being blamed for online computer conferencing in the late 70s and early 80s on the internal IBM network, likely contributed). The NSF director tried to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did claims that what we already had operational was at least 5yrs ahead of the winning bid; aka T1 links, however winning bid had routers that only supported 440kbit/sec links, but possibly to make it look like meeting requirements, they put in T1 "trunks" with telco multiplexors running multiple 440kbit links/trunk), as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

I was asked to be the red team for the NSFNET T3 upgrade proposal and there were people from half dozen labs around the world for the blue team (possibly figuring it would help shutdown my ridiculing their "T1" deployment). At the final executive review, I presented 1st and then the blue team presented. Five minutes into the blue team presentation, the executive pounded on the table and said he would lie down in front of a garbage truck before he allowed any but the blue team proposal to go forward. I get up and walk out (along with a couple others).

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
corporate internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

related posts ... including former co-worker at cambridge science center
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM/370 3270 Terminal

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM/370 3270 Terminal
Date: 20 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#40 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#41 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#42 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#43 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#44 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#59 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#60 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#61 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#67 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#68 VM/370 3270 Terminal

A little more topic drift, mid-80s TCP/IP support was implemented in VS/Pascal for VM/370. The communication group was blocking its release (part of fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing). Then some customers convinced IBM about TCP/IP requirement and the communication group changed its tactic, since they had corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed the datacenter walls, it had to be released through them. What shipped got 44kbytes/sec aggregate throughput isning nearly whole 3090 processor. The TCP/IP implementation was ported to MVS by simulated VM/370 diagnose instructions making it even more compute intensive and MVS/VTAM people were complaining about its CPU use.

I did support for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and 4341 got sustained IBM channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 CPU (something like 500 times throughput in bytes moved per instruction executed).

Late 80s, there was univ. study comparing UNIX TCP support of 5k instruction pathlength and five buffer copies to VTAM LU6.2 support of 160K instruction pathlength and 15 buffer copies. Later in the early 90s, IBM hired a silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP support directly in VTAM. What he initially demoed had TCP throughput much higher than LU6.2 throughput. He was then told that everybody knows that a proper TCP/IP implementation is much slower than LU6.2 ... and they would only be paying for a proper TCP/IP implementation.

I have some comments in recent post over in (public) Internet group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#69 NSFNET (Old Farts)

Early 80s, I had HSDT effort (T1 and faster computer links) and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running) ... Preliminary Announcement (28Mar1986)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

... snip ...

IBM internal politics not allowing us to bid (being blamed for online computer conferencing in the late 70s and early 80s on the internal IBM network, likely contributed). The NSF director tried to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did claims that what we already had operational was at least 5yrs ahead of the winning bid; aka T1 links, however winning bid had routers that only supported 440kbit/sec links, but possibly to make it look like meeting requirements, they put in T1 "trunks" with telco multiplexors running multiple 440kbit links/trunk), as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

I was asked to be the red team for the NSFNET T3 upgrade proposal and there were people from half dozen labs around the world for the blue team (possibly figuring it would help shutdown my ridiculing their "T1" deployment). At the final executive review, I presented 1st and then the blue team presented. Five minutes into the blue team presentation, the executive pounded on the table and said he would lie down in front of a garbage truck before he allowed any but the blue team proposal to go forward. I get up and walk out (along with a couple others).

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
TCP/IP RFC1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
corporate internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

related posts ... including former co-worker at cambridge science center
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Father, Son & CO

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Father, Son & CO
Date: 20 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Father, Son & CO
https://www.amazon.com/FATHER-SON-CO-Thomas-Watson/dp/0553290231/

my tomes about Learson trying to block the destruction of Watson legacy (& failed) ... within two decades the bureaucrats, careerists & MBAs has IBM with one of the largest losses in history of US companies and being re-orged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Father, Son & CO

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Father, Son & CO
Date: 20 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#71 Father, Son & CO

AMEX was in competition with KKR for private equity (LBO) takeover of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble with RJR and hires the AMEX president to help.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Then the IBM Board hires the former president of AMEX as new CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same tactics used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
above some IBM related specifics from
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

... turning into a financial engineering company, Stockman; The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

(2013) New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/
(2014) IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks (gone behind paywall)
https://web.archive.org/web/20140201174151/http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

(2016) After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
https://www.fool.com/investing/general/2016/04/25/after-forking-out-110-billion-on-stock-buybacks-ib.aspx
(2018) ... still doing buybacks ... but will (now?, finally?, a little?) shift focus needing it for redhat purchase.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/ibm-to-buy-back-up-to-4-billion-of-its-own-shares
(2019) IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket (gone behind paywall)
https://web.archive.org/web/20190417002701/https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-16/ibm-tumbles-after-reporting-worst-revenue-17-years-cloud-hits-air-pocket

more financial engineering company

IBM deliberately misclassified mainframe sales to enrich execs, lawsuit claims. Lawsuit accuses Big Blue of cheating investors by shifting systems revenue to trendy cloud, mobile tech
https://www.theregister.com/2022/04/07/ibm_securities_lawsuit/

IBM has been sued by investors who claim the company under former CEO Ginni Rometty propped up its stock price and deceived shareholders by misclassifying revenues from its non-strategic mainframe business - and moving said sales to its strategic business segments - in violation of securities regulations.

... snip ...

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
pension posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
Gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
stock buyback posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dataprocessing 48hr shift

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dataprocessing 48hr shift
Date: 21 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re: doing 48hr shift; I took 2 credit hr intro to fortran/computers and at the end of the semester, the univ hires me to port 1401 MPIO to 360/30. The univ. had 709 (tape->tape) with 1401 as unit record front end (manually moving tapes between 1401 & 709). The univ had been sold a 360/67 for tss/360 to replace 709/1401 and temporarily got 360/30 (replacing 1401) pending delivery of 360/67. While 360/30 had 1401 emulation and could run MPIO directly, I guess the univ. wanted experience with 360. The univ. shutdown datacenter on the weekends and I would have the place dedicated from sat 8am until mon 8am (although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday classes difficult). They gave me a bunch of hardware&software manuals and I got to design and implement my own monitor, interrupt handlers, device drivers, error recovery, storage management, etc; within a few weeks I had 2000 card assembler program with two assemble option modes, stand-alone and under os/360 (system services and DCB macros). Within a year of taking intro class, the 360/67 had arrived and I was hired fulltime responsible for os/360 (tss/360 never really came to production fruition, so ran as 360/65 with os/360) ... and I continue to have my 48hr dedicated weekend time.

Studen Fortran use to run in under a second on 709 (tape->tape). Initially on 360/65 it takes over a minute, I install HASP cutting time in half. I then start redoing STAGE2 SYSGEN to careful place datacents and PDS members to optimize arm seek and multi-track search, cutting another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. It never gets better than 709, until I install Univ. of Waterloo WATFOR.

Jan1968, three people from IBM CSC come out to install (virtual machine) CP67/CMS (3rd after CSC itself and MIT Lincoln labs) ... which I mostly play with it on weekends rewriting a lot of the code and sent to spring 68 SHARE in Houston to participate in CP67/CMS announcement. CSC is then having one week CP67/CMS class at Beverly Hills Hilton. When I arrive Sunday, I'm asked to help teach the class, the CP67 people had resigned Friday, leaving to do a commercial online CP67/CMS startup. At Fall 68 SHARE, I give presentation on some of my OS/360 and CP67/CMS work ... part of the presentation in this archived post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Spring break 1969, I'm asked to give one week CP67/CMS class to some Boeing employees. Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to whel with formation of Boeing Computer Services (BCS, consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business to monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entity ... 747#3 is flying skies of Seattle get FAA flt certification. I think Renton datacenter was possibly largest in world with couple hundred million in IBM 360s ... 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around the machine room, had single 360/75, black rope around area and guards when running classified work & black velvet over console lights and 1403 windows/output (formally large 707and/or727? assembly bldg). Lots of politics between Renton director and CFO ... who only had a 360/30 up at Boeing Field for payroll ... although they enlarge that machine room for 360/67 for me to play with when I'm not doing other stuff. There are disaster plans to duplicate Renton up at the new 747 plant in Everett, Mt Rainier heats up and the resulting mud slide takes out Renton datacenter.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

some posts mentioning CP67 classes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#67 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#57 Almost IBM class student
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#0 IBM Quota
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#13 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#67 IBM Education Classes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#14 The PDP11 and subsequent influences
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#20 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#11 Mainframe Networking problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#28 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#33 45 years of Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#54 Computer History Museum
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#44 Is computer history taught now?

other posts mentioning 1401 MPIO, 709, student fortran, WATFOR, being undergaduate and/or Boeing CFO group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#68 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#66 Economic Mess and IBM Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#62 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#46 IBM DASD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#28 Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#26 Global & Local Page Replacement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#25 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#15 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#101 IBM Oxymoron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#91 360 Announce Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#75 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#26 DISK Performance and Reliability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#15 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#118 Google Tells Some Employees to Share Desks After Pushing Return-to-Office Plan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#96 Mainframe Assembler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#65 7090/7044 Direct Couple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#63 Boeing to deliver last 747, the plane that democratized flying
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#58 Almost IBM class student
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#38 Disk optimization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#22 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#5 1403 printer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#2 big and little, Can BCD and binary multipliers share circuitry?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#110 CICS sysprogs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#99 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#82 Boeing's last 747 to roll out of Washington state factory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#60 Fortran
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#30 Byte
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#4 IBM CAD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#87 CICS (and other history)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#63 IBM DPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#26 Why Things Fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#11 360 Powerup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#8 CICS 53 Years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#50 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#45 IBM Chairman John Opel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#43 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#42 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#31 Technology Flashback
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#13 VM/370 Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#10 VM/370 Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#9 VM/370 Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#110 Window Display Ground Floor Datacenters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#106 IBM Quota
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#100 IBM Stretch (7030) -- Aggressive Uniprocessor Parallelism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#95 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#91 Short-term profits and long-term consequences -- did Jack Welch break capitalism?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#87 Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#78 US Takes Supercomputer Top Spot With First True Exascale Machine
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#69 Mainframe History: How Mainframe Computers Evolved Over the Years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#57 CMS OS/360 Simulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#45 MGLRU Revved Once More For Promising Linux Performance Improvements
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#20 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#19 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#10 Computer Server Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#8 Computer Server Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#72 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#70 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#42 Why did Dennis Ritchie write that UNIX was a modern implementation of CTSS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#8 Cloud Timesharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#2 IBM 2250 Graphics Display
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#0 System Response
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#126 Google Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#117 Downfall: The Case Against Boeing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#89 Computer BUNCH
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#35 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#27 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#13 360 Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#10 Seattle Dataprocessing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Al Gore Inventing The Internet

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Al Gore Inventing The Internet
Date: 21 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
lot in this long winded tome .... Inventing the Internet
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

I have some comments in these recent posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#69 NSFNET (Old Farts)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#70 VM/370 3270 Terminal
and also here
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/

News articles mentioning Gore in post about NSFNET RFP kickoff meeting
John Markoff, NY Times, 29 December 1988, page D1
Paving way for data 'highway' Carl M Cannon, San Jose Mercury News, 17 Sep 89, pg 1E
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#10 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
corporate internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

some old archived posts mentioning Al Gore and Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#43 Al Gore: Inventing the Internet...
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#56 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#58 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#59 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#63 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#67 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#77 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#5 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#10 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#11 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#18 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#19 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#20 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#26 Al Gore, The Father of the Internet (hah!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#28 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#38 I'll Be! Al Gore DID Invent the Internet After All ! NOT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#39 I'll Be! Al Gore DID Invent the Internet After All ! NOT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#44 Al Gore and the Internet (Part 2 of 2)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#45 Al Gore and the Internet (Part 2 of 2)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#46 Al Gore and the Internet (Part 2 of 2)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#47 Al Gore and the Internet (Part 2 of 2)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#49 Al Gore and the Internet (Part 2 of 2)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#50 Al Gore and the Internet (Part 2 of 2)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#51 Al Gore and the Internet (Part 2 of 2)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#79 Al Gore and the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#80 Al Gore and the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#81 Al Gore and the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#82 Al Gore and the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#85 Al Gore and the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#86 Al Gore and the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#15 Al Gore and the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#28 trains was: Al Gore and the Internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Los Gatos Lab

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Los Gatos Lab.
Date: 21 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
I had transfered to San Jose Research in 1977 and had office there ... but in return for doing stuff, Los Gatos lab VLSI group let me have part of wing with offices and labs. I then got transferred to Yorktown for various transgressions (blamed for online computer conferencing in the late 70s and early 80s on the IBM internal network), but left to live in San Jose (with my SJR then Almaden office ... as well as bldg29 wing) ... but had to commute to YKT a couple times a month. I leave IBM in 92 ... at the start of IBM huge loss and reorganizing into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company.

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

After rescue and reversing breakup ... IBM was unloading all sorts of stuff ... including lots of VLSI tools to industry standard tool vendor. Most of industry ran tools on SUN machines (and they all had to be ported to SUN) and I get a contract to port a 50,000 statement VS/Pascal VLSI tool to SUN (Pascal). In retrospect, it probably would have been easier to have rewritten it in C ... I would periodially say that I didn't believe SUN Pascal had been used for anything other than educational intro computer classes (aggravating the problem was SUN had outsourced Pascal to "space city" organization on the opposite side of the earth).

some posts mentioning porting VS/Pascal VLSI app to SUN
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#40 Mainframe Development Language
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#6 "In Defense of ALGOL"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#22 STL & other San Jose facilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#13 COBOL and tricks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#24 Programming Languages in IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#47 vs/pascal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#31 IBM Programming Projects
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#95 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#37 IBM HA/CMP Product
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#43 The most important invention from every state
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#51 [Poll] Computing favorities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#54 PL/I vs. Pascal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#36 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#77 CLIs and GUIs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#42 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters

At some point the Los Gatos lab had been considered the most scenic IBM lab ... but in the troubles trying to unload it with everything else ... it eventually got bulldozed and turned into housing project. LSG use to have a number of GE Calma graphic stations and had done the LSM (vlsi logic simulator, ran logic simulation 50,000 times faster than software on 3033 ... predating YSM & EVE).

some past posts mentioning LSG, LSM, YSM, & EVE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#53 IBM CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#62 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#5 LSM - Los Gatos State Machine
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#67 1401 simulator for OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#33 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#55 Multics hardware (was Re: "Soul of a New Machine" Computer?)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dean of the Columbia University Business School

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dean of the Columbia University Business School
Date: 21 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
saw Glenn Hubbard interview on Bloomburg business news show this morning.

Glenn Hubbard, Leading Academic and Mitt Romney Advisor, Took 1200 an Hour to Be Countrywide's Expert Witness (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20140504010711/http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/glenn-hubbard-leading-academic-and-mitt-romney-advisor-took-1200-an-hour-to-be-countrywides-expert-witness-20121220?print=true

In other words, the Dean of the Columbia University business school testified that the fact that Countrywide claimed to have conducted thorough due diligence when in fact it was pressuring underwriters to approve 60 to 70 mortgage applications a day and failing to verify any income levels or other key information (to say nothing of the outright falsification of such data, which also went on on a mass scale) -- he testified that these issues were irrelevant.

... snip ...

CEO of countrywide #1 on times list of those responsible for the financial mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

The Big Fail
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/07/opinion/krugman-the-big-fail.html

It's that time again: the annual meeting of the American Economic Association and affiliates, a sort of medieval fair that serves as a marketplace for bodies (newly minted Ph.D.'s in search of jobs), books and ideas.

... snip ...

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)
"Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards" goes into the capture of economists in more detail
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
loc72-74:

"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines."

... another quote loc957-62:

The AEA was pushed into action by a damning research report into the systematic concealment of conflicts of interest by top financial economists and by a letter from three hundred economists who urged the association to come up with a code of ethics. Epstein and Carrick-Hagenbarth (2010) have shown that many highly influential financial economists in the US hold roles in the private financial sector, from serving on boards to owning the respective companies. Many of these have written on financial regulation in the media or in scholarly papers. Very rarely have they disclosed their affiliations to the financial industry in their writing or in their testimony in front of Congress, thus concealing a potential conflict of interest.

... snip ...

60mins did a story about consultants ... as the economy was crashing some consultant advised wallstreet to tieup as many economic & business experts as possible ... either directly with retainers or indirectly with grants/contracts with their organizations/institutions.

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

some past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#73 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#20 The Big Fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#47 Search Google, 1960:s-style

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Big Blue, True Blue, Bleed Blue

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Big Blue, True Blue, Bleed Blue
Date: 22 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
quicky web search
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/big-blue.asp

bleed blue ... there use to be a reference that "nobody got fired for buying IBM" ... however during the Future System period in the 70s, internal politics was killing off 370 efforts ... and the lack of new 370 products is credited with giving clone 370 mainframe system makers their market foothold. As a result sales&marketing had to increasingly fall back on FUD (fear, uncertainty and doubt; also giving rise to references about IBMers being "empty suits" ... since they had little to actually sell) ,,, those customers that continued to be "true blue", "bleed blue" and buy IBM.

From Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993
http://www.amazon.com/Computer-Wars-The-Post-IBM-World/dp/1587981394

"and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive."

... snip ...

When Future System implodes, there is mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines, kicking off the quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts in parallel ... some more details
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

note single processor Amdahl had about same MIPS rate as aggregate of two processor 3081, and Amdahl MVS users had much higher throughput (MVS documentation that two processor 370 configuration only had 1.2-1.5 times throughput of a single processor). There are also claims that the enormous increase in circuits for 3081 motivated TCMs, in order to pack all those circuits in smaller volume.

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
other refs:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/

note: When I first joined IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... including world-wide online sales&marketing support HONE systems were long time customer. Then in the morph of CP67 to VM370 to dropped and/or simplified a lot of things (including multiprocessor support and lots of stuff that I did as undergraduate at the univ.). I started migrating lots of CP67 feature/function to VM370 release two and made an enhanced version VM370 release 3 available to US HONE datacenters which were consolidated in silicon valley in mid-70s (but not yet multiprocessor support). The HONE system had been enhanced to large POK mainframes with single-system image, loosely-coupled and large DASD farm complex with load balancing and fall-over across the complex ...and a 370/158 as HONEDEV/HONE9. I then add tightly-coupled, multiprocessor support to release 3, initially for HONE ... allowing them to double the number of 168 CPUs and also add a 2nd processor to the HONE development 158.

some old email porting CP67 feature/function/fixes to VM370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

note2: 370 two-processor hardware slowed processor cycle time down by 10% (for cross cache protocool chatter) give raw MIPS of multiprocessor only 1.8 times a single processor. However, many single processor systems tended to have high task switching which reduced cache-hit rate (frequent switching, inceasing cache-miss rate, reducing effective MIP rate). My multiprocessor support for release 3 had very short pathlengths ... only very sightly affecting throughput (not like the enormous multiprocessor pathlengths in MVS) and some multiprocessor hacks that reduced task switching and cache miss-rates (improving cache-hit rate and effective instruction execution rate) resulting in the HONE 2-processor systems running approx. twice the throughput of a single processor (instead MVS 1.2-1.5 times).

trivia: Starting with 3081, IBM was planning there would no longer be any single processor machines. However ACP/TPF (airlines system) didn't have multiprocessor support and IBM was afraid that whole market would move to Amdahl single processor machines. As a stop gap, IBM did some very unnatural stuff to VM/370 MP support to improve ACP/TPF throughput running in a (single processor) virtual machine on 3081 ... which degraded the throughput for every other VM/370 multiprocessor customer. Trying to mask the throughput degradation, IBM did some optimization trying to improve 3270 terminal response. However, a major, large, long time, VM/370 federal gov customer (back to CP67 days) ran high-speed ASCII terminals (and the 3270 specific changes didn't help). I got called in to try and help the customer (and countermeasures to the VM370 changes done for the ACP/TPF market).

some email explaining some of the problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email820512
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email820513
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420
more analysis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email850420

part of the fixes were to CMS terminal I/O discussed in these earlier emails
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#email790329
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email791011b

turns out some of the problem, certain scheduling decisions were based on whether terminal was a "slow-speed" or "high-speed". In CP67, that was based on the real device type. In VM370, it was changed to be based on the virtual device type. Things were OK as long as virtual=real ... but that changed with channel attached 3270s for terminals ... and the virtual device characteristics no longer matched real device.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801006b
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801008b
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#email810126
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email850420
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email860121

still didn't reverse the VM370 multiprocessor hack for ACP/TPF.

Eventually IBM ships 3083 (a 3081 with one of the processors removed), including special models with microcode specifically tailored for ACP/TPF.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
SMP, multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

some other recent posts mentioning "FUD" sales&marketing reached high during Future System period
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#48 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#47 IBM ACIS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#23 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#10 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#84 Clone/OEM IBM systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#78 IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#55 IBM 3031, 3032, 3033
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#43 IBM changes between 1968 and 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#37 Adventure Game
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#36 IBM changes between 1968 and 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#31 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#114 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#97 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#22 3081 TCMs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#109 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#39 Mainframe I/O

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM TLA

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM TLA
Date: 22 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
earliest EMAIL on CTSS/7094
https://multicians.org/thvv/mail-history.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System

... them some of the CTSS people went to the 5th flr and did multics (including email) and others went to 4th flr for the IBM Cambridge Science Center and did CP40/CMS (modified 360/40 with hardware mods for virtual memory, morphs into CP67/CMS when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available, later morphs into VM370), internal network, lots of online apps (including EMAIL, and CTSS RUNOFF ported to CMS as SCRIPT), and GML invented in 1969 (with GML tag processing added to SCRIPT, decade later morphs into ISO standard SGML and after another decade morphs into HTML at CERN).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS

Note PROFS group was gathering several internal apps to wrap 3270 menus around and picked up a very early version of (fullscreen 3270) VMSG as the email client. When the VMSG author tried to offer them an enhanced version, they tried to get him fired. The whole thing quieted down when he demonstrated his initials in every PROFS email (in non-displayed field). After that he only shared his source with me and one other person.

CMS ... Cambridge Monitor System and then renamed Conversational Monitor System in the morph to VM370.

PCO ... originally "Personal Computing Option" then renamed VS/PC when somebody pointed that PCO also stood for French political party.

trivia: somebody had done a PCO model and would feed it workload descriptions and get throughput numbers ... which were used to try and kill VM370/CMS ... CMS had to do real benchmarks and show similar throughput. However when there was finally some running PCO code, its actual throughput numbers in no way reflected the model numbers.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML, SGML, HTML posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

some posts mentioning CMS & PCO (VS/PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#60 Any candidates for best acronyms?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#77 Overloaded acronyms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#72 Subpools - specifically 241
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#17 RISCs too close to hardware?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#26 LISTSERV Discussion List For USS Questions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#51 Why did OSI fail compared with TCP-IP?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#30 IBM OS Timeline?

some recent posts mentioning PROFS & VMSG
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#42 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#32 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#5 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#97 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#62 IBM (FE) Retain
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#18 PROFS trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#64 Trump received subpoena before FBI search of Mar-a-lago home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#29 IBM Cloud to offer Z-series mainframes for first time - albeit for test and dev
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#2 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#89 IBM PROFs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#83 Happy 50th Birthday, EMAIL!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#23 Programming Languages in IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#86 IBM EMAIL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#68 IBM ITPS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#50 PROFS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#33 IBM/PC 12Aug1981
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#30 Departure Email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#48 Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#65 IBM Computer Literacy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing

posts that mention 3-letter (gov) agencies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#67 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#14 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#7 StorageTek Tape Library
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#112 Early Webservers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#80 self-documenting APL, not COBOL and tricks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#75 Researchers found security pitfalls in IBM's cloud infrastructure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#105 FedEx to Stop Using Mainframes, Close All Data Centers By 2024
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#98 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#61 IBM 360/50 Simulation From Its Microcode
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#30 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#27 IBM Cambridge Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#38 Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#80 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#102 Who Knew ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#81 "The Spoils of War": How Profits Rather Than Empire Define Success for the Pentagon
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#37 IBM Confidential
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#13 cryptologic museum
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#95 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#66 The Case Against SQL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#16 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#57 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#91 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#87 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#84 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#30 The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#68 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#53 IBM CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#54 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#29 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#75 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#62 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#25 IBM Acronyms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#37 Early mainframe security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#113 Internet and Business Critical Dataprocessing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#66 Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#16 The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#46 IBM 9020
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#42 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#1 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#24 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#54 PROFS, email, 3270
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#32 12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#73 Army researchers find the best cyber teams are antisocial cyber teams
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#110 Making Computers Secure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#86 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#95 why VM, was thrashing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#74 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#46 Windows 10 Pro automatic update
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#91 Ransomware on Mainframe application ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#45 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#4 OODA in IT Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#33 OODA-loop and virtual machines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#95 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#69 Open DoD's Doors To Cyber Talent, Carter Asks Congress
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#40 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#63 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#81 DEC and The Americans
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#54 Mainframes open to internet attacks?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#50 The joy of simplicity?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#18 June 1985 email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#11 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#5 Remember 3277?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#57 The Stack Depth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#39 Virtual Memory Management
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#60 The Road Not Taken: Knowing When to Keep Your Mouth Shut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#35 BBC News - Microsoft fixes '19-year-old' bug with emergency patch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#63 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#15 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#11 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#61 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#52 EBFAS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#40 Named Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#95 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#36 Semi-OT: Government snooping was Re: Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#103 Microsoft publishes MS-DOS, Word for Windows source code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#58 The CIA's new "family jewels": Going back to Church?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#37 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#20 Why IBM chose MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!' made30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#69 PDCA vs. OODA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#38 Quote on Slashdot.org
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#55 "NSA foils much internet encryption"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#19 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#3 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#63 Making mainframe technology hip again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#10 EBCDIC and the P-Bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#51 Search for first Web page takes detour into US
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#19 It was 30 Years Ago Today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#15 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#19 What Makes sorting so cool?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#61 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#39 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#79 Still not convinced about the superiority of mainframe security vs distributed?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#59 How do we fight bureaucracy and bureaucrats in IBM?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#28 Some interesting post about the importance of Security and what it means for the Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#22 What is a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#63 Is it possible to hack mainframe system??
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#64 Guest Post: Beakley on Boyd, Aerial Combat and the OODA-Loop
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#1 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#98 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#6 Operating System, what is it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#44 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#73 Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#54 Open source and the National Security Agency, together again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#2 What are the implication of the ongoing cyber attacks on critical infrastructure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#59 A computer metaphor for systems integration
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#49 Do you know where all your sensitive data is located?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#47 You Don't Need a Cyber Attack to Take Down The North American Power Grid
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#75 VM sysprogs don't need the keys to the door locks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#61 Hybrid computing -- from mainframe to virtualization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#15 1979 SHARE LSRAD Report
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#50 ISBNs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#35 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#29 It's Cool To Be Clever
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#10 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#67 Somewhat off-topic: comp-arch.net cloned, possibly hacked
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#7 Innovation and iconoclasm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#74 The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#5 Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#75 pdp8 to PC- have we lost our way?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#61 z/OS System Programmer Needed East Coast
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#24 Fear the Internet, was Cool Things You Can Do in z/OS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#23 Fear the Internet, was Cool Things You Can Do in z/OS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#8 Security flaws in software development
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#79 A History of VM Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#78 RISCversus CISC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#66 Boeing Plant 2 ... End of an Era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#15 History of copy on write
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#86 Utility of find single set bit instruction?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#15 545 Tech Square
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#0 I actually miss working at IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#35 VMSHARE Archives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#18 Plug Your Data Leaks from the inside
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#73 From OODA to AAADA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#34 TCM's Moguls documentary series
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#13 Sandboxing: Understanding System Containment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#1 origin of 'fields'?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#26 Global Sourcing with Cloud Computing and Virtualization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#19 Virtualization: Making Seductive Promises a Reality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#77 ZeuS attacks mobiles in bank SMS bypass scam
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#73 Mainframe hacking?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#37 Mainframe Hacking -- Fact or Fiction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#61 Information on obscure text editors wanted
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#17 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#53 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#40 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#9 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#74 Is Security a Curse for the Cloud Computing Industry?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#59 More calumny: "Secret Service Uses 1980s Mainframe"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#62 LPARs: More or Less?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#14 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#97 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#63 Source code for s/360 [PUBLIC]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#69 360 programs on a z/10
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#68 360 programs on a z/10
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#65 Did anybody ever build a Simon?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#59 EU agency runs rule over ID cards for online banking logins
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#56 Crypto dongles to secure online transactions ... addenda
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#47 Is C close to the machine?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#21 Is Cloud Computing Old Hat?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#38 U.S. house decommissions its last mainframe, saves $730,000
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#33 U.S. house decommissions its last mainframe, saves $730,000
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#39 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#12 33 Years In IT/Security/Audit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#3 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#31 Disksize history question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#5 Moving to the Net: Encrypted Execution for User Code on a Hosting Site
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#77 More named/shared systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#22 My Vintage Dream PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#24 IBM security expert: X86 virtualization not ready for regulated, mission-critical apps
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#11 China deploys secure computer operating system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#38 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#24 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#33 greenbar
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#18 System/360 Announcement (7Apr64)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#11 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of ?patents ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#6 ATMs At Risk
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#56 Data losses set to soar
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#49 The 25 Most Dangerous Programming Errors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#45 Security experts identify 25 coding errors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#5 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#65 Did you think about Virtualization Security?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#9 Comprehensive security?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#62 Virtualization: What is it exactly?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#42 Password Rules
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#67 Invitation to Join Mainframe Security Guru Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#47 Virtualization Adopters Hit The Tipping Point
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#30 Macs for security (now, with new improved NSA hardening tips!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#68 New technology trends?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#40 IBM--disposition of clock business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#62 German court finds Bank responsible for malwared PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#81 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#74 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#46 Whitehouse Emails Were Lost Due to "Upgrade"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#58 Virtualization: History repeats itself with a search for security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#26 CA ESD files Options
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#68 Virtualization's security threats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#67 Virtualization's security threats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#31 confluence of virtualization and trusted computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#32 Interesting Mainframe Article: 5 Myths Exposed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#60 Job ad for z/OS systems programmer trainee
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#4 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#57 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#47 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#38 It's No Secret: VMware to Develop Secure Systems for NSA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#48 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#20 Does anyone know of a documented case of VM being penetrated by hackers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#31 Wylbur and Paging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#13 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#6 GCN at 25: VAX for the memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#0 Patent buster for a method that increases password security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#38 Vulnerability Assessment of a EAL 4 system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#52 the more things change, the more things stay the same
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#3 Not Your Dad's Mainframe: Little Iron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#2 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#14 Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#11 Some credible documented evidence that a MVS or later op sys has ever been hacked
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#51 Channel Distances
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#37 Mainframe Applications and Records Keeping?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#36 Mainframe Applications and Records Keeping?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#27 RSA SecurID product
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#44 winscape?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#23 winscape?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#0 Article: The True Value of Mainframe Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#35 Determining processor status without IPIs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#30 Public disclosure of discovered vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#20 Secure OS Thoughts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#25 virtual machines for security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#21 Opinion on smartcard security requested
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#16 D
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#8 Death of antivirus software imminent
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#4 Death of antivirus software imminent
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#0 2007: year in review
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#61 Linus: Security is "people wanking around with their opinions"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#54 Security can only be message-based?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#53 Doom and Gloom spreads, security revisionism suggests "H6.5: Be an adept!"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#12 0wned .gov machines (was Re: Russian cyberwar against Estonia?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#23 It's a Presidential Mandate, Feds use it. How come you are not using FDE?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#45 Case Study: Thunderbird's brittle security as proof of Iang's 3rd Hypothesis in secure design: there is only one mode, and it's secure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#53 Status of SRP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#37 Meccano Trojans coming to a desktop near you
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#32 Meccano Trojans coming to a desktop near you
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#17 A challenge

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM TLA

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM TLA
Date: 23 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#78 IBM TLA

then there is MVS/TSO ... TSO (time-sharing option) available on MVT (multiprogramming with variable number tasks). MVT morphs into VS2/MVS (virtual storage 2) and then just MVS (multiple virtual storage). decade ago, customer asks if I could track down decision to make all 370s with virtual memory/storage. Basically MVT storage management was so bad that REGION sizes had to be specified four times larger than actually used. As a result a typical 1mbyte 370/165 was limited to running four regions concurrently, insufficient to keep the machine busy (and justified). Going to (16mbyte) virtual memory allowed number of regions to be increased by a factor of four with little or no paging. Portions of email with person that was staff to executive making decision, in this old archived post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

MVS song at SHARE HASP sing-along
http://www.mxg.com/thebuttonman/boney.asp
that revealed that salesman were given $4K bonus if they could convince customers to install MVS

this was not long after CERN did analysis comparing MVS/TSO and VM370/CMS and report made freely available at SHARE. Note inside IBM, copies of the report were stamped "IBM Confidential - Restricted" (2nd highest security classification), report available on "need to know basis only" since it conflicted with what was being fed IBM sales&marketing.

It was not long later that Future System imploded and there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... and the head of POK convinced corporate to kill the VM370 product, shutdown the development group and transfer all the people to POK for MVS/XA (claiming that otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time). Endicott eventually managed to save the VM370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch.

In the same period, TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
made its CMS-based online computer conferencing system available free to SHARE as "VMSHARE" in Aug1976 ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get a monthly tape backup of all VMSHARE files for putting up on internal IBM network and systems (including the world-wide online sales&marketing HONE systems). The biggest problem was with the IBM lawyers that were concerned that what customers were saying would contaminate employees (and/or similar to the CERN analysis, it may conflict with the official company positions).

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
virtual machine based, online commercial service bureau posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

posts referencing MVS "Boney Fingers" at SHARE HASP song-along
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#25 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#14 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#39 IBM Teddy Bear
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#41 MVS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#34 Vintage Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#97 MVS support
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#122 SHARE LSRAD Report
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#81 IBM Fridays
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#25 IBM Acronyms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#92 MVS Boney Fingers

other posts reference CERN analysis MVS/TSO & VM370/CMS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#69 Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#56 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#60 VM/370 Turns 50 2Aug2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#101 IBM 4300, VS1, VM370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#69 IBM MYTE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#28 50 years online at home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#75 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#87 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#13 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#34 VMSHARE Archives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#40 Why isn't OMVS command integrated with ISPF?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#49 Moving assembler programs above the line
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#21 TSO alternative
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#16 When nerds were nerds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#56 model 91/CRJE and IKJLEW
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#13 What is timesharing, anyway?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#69 OT: One for the historians - 360/91
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#53 HASP assembly: What the heck is an MVT ABEND 422?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#54 SHARE MVT Project anniversary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#37 VR vs. Portable Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#64 vm marketing (cross post)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#51 Why did OSI fail compared with TCP-IP?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#20 mainframe question

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Charlie Kirk's 'Turning Point' Pivots to Christian Nationalism

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Charlie Kirk's 'Turning Point' Pivots to Christian Nationalism
Date: 23 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Charlie Kirk's 'Turning Point' Pivots to Christian Nationalism. The organization founded to promote the free market sure is spending a lot of time promoting attacks on the separation of church and state
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-features/charlie-kirk-turning-point-usa-pivots-to-christian-nationalism-1234740083/

Turning Point USA -- the right-wing powerhouse run by Charlie Kirk -- began as a campus crusade for capitalism. Its mission, as recorded with the IRS since 2012, is to enlighten students about "fiscal responsibility" and the virtues of "free markets."

... snip ...

going back to WW2 ... June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

somewhat replay of the Nazi celebration, after the war, 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US had conference (also) at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

part of the result by the 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance (and the US motto, "In God We Trust"). slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

Even though the movement behind inserting "under God" into the pledge might have been initiated by a private religious fraternity and even though references to God appear in previous versions of the pledge, historian Kevin M. Kruse asserts that this movement was an effort by corporate America to instill in the minds of the people that capitalism and free enterprise were heavenly blessed. Kruse acknowledges the insertion of the phrase was influenced by the push-back against Russian atheistic communism during the Cold War, but argues the longer arc of history shows the conflation of Christianity and capitalism as a challenge to the New Deal played the larger role.[28]

... snip ...

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

recent posts mentioning Christian Nationalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#78 Wealthy Donors Bankroll Christian Nationalists to Sustain Unregulated Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#48 Nationalism in American Politics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#31 The Rachel Maddow Show 7/25/22
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#24 The Rachel Maddow Show 7/25/22
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#59 The Uproar Ovear the "Ultimate American Bible"

some recent posts mentioning Nazis and/or Fascism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#39 New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#28 New Ken Burns Documentary Explores the U.S. and the Holocaust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#19 no, Socialism and Fascism Are Not the Same
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#62 Empire Burlesque. What comes after the American Century?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#38 Wall Street's Plot to Seize the White House
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#104 Who Knew ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#80 "The Spoils of War": How Profits Rather Than Empire Define Success for the Pentagon
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#56 "We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#80 After WW2, US Antifa come home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#96 How Ike Led
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91 American Nazis Rally in New York City
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#44 American Fascism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#34 Fascism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#33 Fascism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

$209bn a year is what fossil fuel firms owe in climate reparations

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: $209bn a year is what fossil fuel firms owe in climate reparations
Date: 23 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
$209bn a year is what fossil fuel firms owe in climate reparations
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2023/may/19/fossil-fuel-climate-reparations-debt-developing-nations

The truth is out, and it lays bare big oil's plunder of the environment for commercial greed. Academics now estimate that the 21 top fossil fuel behemoths are liable for an estimated US$209bn annual reparation bill arising from their exploitation.

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

some recent "big oil" posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#64 Why Some Climate Lawsuits Succeed While Others Crash and Burn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#35 Revealed: Exxon Made "Breathtakingly" Accurate Climate Predictions in 1970's and 80's
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#89 Five fundamental reasons for high oil volatility
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#21 'Wildfire of disinformation': how Chevron exploits a news desert
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#16 The audacious PR plot that seeded doubt about climate change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#69 India Will Not Lift Windfall Tax On Oil Firms Until Crude Drops By $40
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#96 Goldman Sachs predicts $140 oil as gas prices spike near $5 a gallon
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#117 Documentary Explores How Big Oil Stalled Climate Action for Decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#39 Climate denial is waning on the right
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#28 Big oil's 'wokewashing' is the new climate science denialism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#72 It's Time to Call Out Big Oil for What It Really Is
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#16 Big oil and gas kept a dirty secret for decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#13 NYT Ignores Two-Year House Arrest of Lawyer Who Took on Big Oil
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#12 The fracking boom is over. Where did all the jobs go?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#3 Big oil and gas kept a dirty secret for decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#25 POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#15 POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#77 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#59 How climate change skepticism held a government captive

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dataprocessing Career

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dataprocessing Career
Date: 24 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
When I was 11, highschool was replacing all their typing class machines with new ones and I managed to acquire one of the old ones (keys were blank) and taught myself how to type. In high school, my father had died and I worked for the local hardware store after school and weekends ... and would be loaned out to local contractors ... doing concrete work (foundations, driveways, sidewalks), framing, flooring, roofs, siding, sheetrock, plumbing, wiring, etc.

I had saved enough by the time highschool graduation to afford to go to freshman year at univ. Following summer got a job as foreman on construction job (three nine-man crews), it had been really wet that spring and job was way behind schedule and was quickly working 80+hr weeks. Being foreman only took about 1/3rd my time so rest of the time worked with one of the crews. Earned enough for my sophmore year plus washing dishes at one of the dorms.

I took 2hr intro to fortran/computers and end of the semester was hired to port 1401 MPIO to 360/30 (better than washing dishes). Univ had been sold 360/67 for tss/360 to replace 709 (tape->tape) with 1401 unit record frontend and got a 360/30 to replace 1401, pending availability of 360/67. They could have run 1401 MPIO on 360/30 in 1401 emulation mode, but I guess they wanted some 360 experience. The univ. shutdown datacenter on weekends and I would have the place dedicated (although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday classes hard). I was given a lot of hardware & software documents and got to design my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, etc and within a few weeks had 2000 card assembler program. I had two assembly options, generating stand-alone mode or under OS/360 (system services, get/put, DCB macros, etc). Stand-alone mode took 30mins to assemble ... OS/360 mode took over an hr, each DCB macro taking 5-6 minutes. Within a year, the 360/67 had arrived and I was hired fulltime responsible for OS/360 (tss/360 never came to production fruition, so ran as 360/65 with OS/360) ... and continued to have my weekend, 48hr dedicated time.

Student fortran jobs took less than second on 709, but initially took over a minute on OS/360 360/65. I install HASP and cuts the time in half. I start redoing STAGE2 SYSGEN to carefully organize datasets and PDS members to optimize arm seek and multi-track PDS directory search, cutting time another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. It never gets better than 709 until I install Univ. of Waterloo WATFOR. Part of old presentation I did at fall68 (user group) SHARE meeting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18
In Jan68, people from IBM Cambridge Science Center came out to install CP67/CMS (3rd after CSC itself and MIT lincoln lab). 360/67 continued to run OS/360 but I get to play with CP67 doing my weekend time, rewriting a lot of the code. Jun1968, CSC was holding CP67/CMS class at Beverly Hills Hitlon and when I arrive on Sunday, am asked to teach part of the class (CSC CP67 people had resigned on Friday to form a CP67 commercial online service bureau).

Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with the creation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I think Renton datacenter possible largest in the world with couple hundred million in computer systems; 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room. Lots of politics between Renton director and CFO, who only had a 360/30 up at Boeing field for payroll (although they enlarge the machine room for 360/67 for me to play with when I'm not doing other stuff). Long ways from early grade school, when we lived in housing project over the hill from Boeing field, during the summers ... the school buses would come through the project to pick up mothers and little kids to take out to the fields to work all day (we get paid piece meal for how much we picked). Some Boeing org. sponsored our cub scout pack and we got our 1st plane ride, families took off from Boeing Field and flew around the Seattle night sky and returned to Boeing field. When I graduate, I leave Boeing and join IBM at Science Center.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and one of my long-time customers was online sales&marketing support HONE systems (some of first overseas trips was being asked to go along for HONE installs outside US, as HONE became world-wide). I was also asked to teach classes at gov. agencies that were early CP67 customers (never knew about them before joining IBM, at Univ. IBM would sometimes suggest CP67 changes I could do and in retrospect some of the suggestions may have originated from the gov) and when IBM got a new CSO (formally in gov. service, at one time head of presidential detail) was asked to run around with him talking about computer security.

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

In the early 80s, I'm introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. One of his stories was about being very vocal that the electronics across the trail wouldn't work ... and so possibly as punishment he is put in command of "spook base" (about some time I'm at Boeing). One of his biographies has "spook base" a $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (ten times Renton). Some "spook base" refs:
https://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White
other IBM and Boyd ref:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
Even after Boyd passed in 1997, we've continued to have Boyd conferences at Marine Corps Univ. in Quantico

Boyd posts & web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Boyd's To Be or To Do really resonated with me ... see Boyd+IBM Wild Ducks mentioned above. The bureaucrats, careerists and MBAs managed to take down IBM ... 1992, has one of the largest losses in history of US companies and was being reorged into 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. We had already left, but get a call from he bowels of Armonk asking to help with the company breakup. However before we get started, the board hires a new CEO that reverses the breakup ... some more refs about the downfall & preparing for the breakup
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

some recent posts mentioning CP/67 and/or BCS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#78 IBM TLA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#77 IBM Big Blue, True Blue, Bleed Blue
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#73 Dataprocessing 48hr shift
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#68 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#67 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#66 Economic Mess and IBM Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#65 Economic Mess and IBM Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#62 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#56 IBM Empty Suits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#40 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#36 30 years ago, one decision altered the course of our connected world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#26 Global & Local Page Replacement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#15 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#10 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#7 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#103 2023 IBM Poughkeepsie, NY
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#101 IBM Oxymoron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#96 IBM 360 Folklore
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#92 IRS and legacy COBOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#91 360 Announce Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#88 Online systems fostering online communication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#87 IRS and legacy COBOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#86 Online systems fostering online communication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#80 IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#75 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#49 CP67 "IPL-by-name"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#44 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#41 Sunset IBM JES3
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#34 Online Terminals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#32 Bimodal Distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#24 IBM HASP (& 2780 terminal)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#15 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#14 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#6 z/VM 50th - part 7
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#0 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#118 Google Tells Some Employees to Share Desks After Pushing Return-to-Office Plan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#117 IBM 5100
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#112 Early Webservers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#109 Early Webservers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#99 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#96 Mainframe Assembler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#91 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#90 Performance Predictor, IBM downfall, and new CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#84 Memories of Mosaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#80 ASCII/TTY Terminal Support
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#76 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#71 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#70 GML, SGML, & HTML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#68 IBM and OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#65 7090/7044 Direct Couple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#63 Boeing to deliver last 747, the plane that democratized flying
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#57 Almost IBM class student
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#50 370 Virtual Memory Decision
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#49 23Jun1969 Unbundling and Online IBM Branch Offices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#47 370/125 and MVCL instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#46 MTS & IBM 360/67
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#44 Adventure Game
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#40 IBM AIX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#38 Disk optimization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#34 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#30 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#27 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#24 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#20 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#13 NCSS and Dun & Bradstreet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#12 IBM Marketing, Sales, Branch Offices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#5 1403 printer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#4 Mainrame Channel Redrive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#2 big and little, Can BCD and binary multipliers share circuitry?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

$209bn a year is what fossil fuel firms owe in climate reparations

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: $209bn a year is what fossil fuel firms owe in climate reparations
Date: 24 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#81 $209bn a year is what fossil fuel firms owe in climate reparations

misc other recent refs:

Pay and Plug: Federal Funds Spur Cleanup of Lost Oil Wells
https://www.nytimes.com/2023/02/22/science/plugging-oil-wells.html
14,000 Inactive Oil & Gas Wells In U.S. Unplugged
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News/World-News/14000-Inactive-Oil-Gas-Wells-In-US-Unplugged.html
US needs $30bn to seal 14,000 unplugged offshore oil and gas wells
https://techxplore.com/news/2023-05-30bn-unplugged-offshore-oil-gas.html
Cleanup of inactive Gulf of Mexico wells estimated at $30 billion, UC Davis researchers suggest
https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/988585
Price to Plug Old Wells in Gulf of Mexico? $30 Billion, Study Says.
https://www.nytimes.com/2023/05/08/climate/gulf-of-mexico-oil-wells-plug.html
A New Study Reveals How Fracking Companies Pollute Water Without Oversight .Fracking companies used more than 282 million pounds of hazardous chemicals from 2014 to 2021.
https://truthout.org/articles/a-new-study-reveals-how-fracking-companies-pollute-water-without-oversight/
Colorado Frackers Doubled Freshwater Use During Megadrought, Even as Drilling and Oil Production Fell. Oil and gas operators dramatically increased their reliance on high-quality water for fracking even though they produced enough wastewater to supply the operations. A New Study Reveals How Fracking Companies Pollute Water Without Oversight. Fracking companies used more than 282 million pounds of hazardous chemicals from 2014 to 2021.
https://truthout.org/articles/a-new-study-reveals-how-fracking-companies-pollute-water-without-oversight/
Colorado Frackers Doubled Freshwater Use During Megadrought, Even as Drilling and Oil Production Fell. Oil and gas operators dramatically increased their reliance on high-quality water for fracking even though they produced enough wastewater to supply the operations.
https://insideclimatenews.org/news/22052023/colorado-fracking-wastewater-drought/

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dataprocessing Career

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dataprocessing Career
Date: 25 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#82 Dataprocessing Career

Later half 80s, my wife was tasked to co-author a response to gov request for a super-secure large campus network operation in which she included 3-tier networking. We were then out making customer executive presentations on 3-tier, tcp/ip, & ethernet networking ... and taking arrows in the back from IBM SNA, SAA, and token-ring forces. We would periodically visit Somers and the executive that SAA reported to ... he had large, top floor corner office ... to complain about how badly his people were acting. Back in the mid-70s he had been in Endicott and con'ed me into helping do ECPS for the 138/148 (later also used for 4300s) ... original analysis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

We would also wander around other offices in Somers to talk to people about how the computer market was changing ... and most could intelligently discuss about what needed to be done ... we would then come back a couple month later and nothing had changed. I started claiming that many were trying to maintain the status quo (thumb in the dikes) until they had retired ... then they would have managed to escape the seismic changes hitting the business and market. Repeatedly in my time at IBM, would be periodically told I didn't have a career, promotions, and/or raises.

After leaving IBM, we would get some email from former co-workers that top executives weren't paying any attention to the business, but myopically focused on moving expenses from the following year into the current year. We asked our contact in the bowels of Armonk about it. He said the current year was in the red and they wouldn't get a bonus. However, if they could move enough expenses from the following year into the current year, nudging the following year even slightly into the black, the way the executive bonus plan was written, they would get a bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (effectively rewarded for taking the company into the red).

3tier networking posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

some posts mentioning Somers, SAA, and ECPS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#40 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#41 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#11 Mainframe Jobs Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#43 Mainframe Emulation Solutions

some posts mentioning move/shift expenses to juice executive bonus
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#106 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#84 Demolition of Iconic IBM Country Club Complex "Imminent"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#11 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#110 Financial longevity that redhat gives IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#98 IBM Systems Revenue Put Into a Historical Context
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#64 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#47 IBM deliberately misclassified mainframe sales to enrich execs, lawsuit claims
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#102 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#47 IBM Conduct
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#109 IBM downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#19 Mainframes are used increasingly by major banks and financial institutions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#81 Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#143 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#90 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#34 Ethernet at 40: Its daddy reveals its turbulent youth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#55 The 10 Highest-Paid CEOs Who Laid Off The Most Employees
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#58 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

F15 & SST 2707

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: F15 & SST 2707
Date: 26 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Original f15 design was swing wing follow on to the f111. Boyd then redid original f15 design, cutting weight nearly in half ... the weight of swing wing more than offset any benefit of the swing wing. Boeing SST original swing wing design found something similar. more recent John Boyd
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/

John Boyd posts and/or web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some past posts mentioning Boeing SST 2707
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#45 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#69 Digital Planes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#55 Pareto efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#54 Pareto efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#43 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#54 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#45 Boeings New Dreamliner Ready For Maiden Voyage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#83 F111 related discussion x-over from Facebook
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#12 why stopped?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Commission and Quota

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Commission and Quota
Date: 26 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
univ. in the 60s, I took two credit hr intro to fortran/computers ... and then within a year was hired fulltime responsible for os/360 (running on 360/67 as 360/65) ... and before I graduate I'm hired into small group into the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit). Both the Boeing people and the IBM account team tell story that on day of 360 announcement, Boeing walks into sales rep with large 360 order ... making the sales rep the highest paid IBMer. IBM switches from straight commission to quota. Jan next year, Boeing makes another large order ... giving sales rep his quota for the year ... and IBM "adjusts" his quota ... sales rep leaves IBM shortly later.

another story about IBM managing sales rep earnings (after the switch from straight commission to quota): When Big Blue Went to War (1965-1975)
https://www.amazon.com/When-Big-Blue-Went-War-ebook/dp/B07923TFH5/
loc192-99:

We four marketing reps, Mike, Dave, Jeff and me, in Honolulu (1240 Ala Moana Boulevard) qualified for IBM's prestigious 100 Percent Club during this period but our attainment was carefully engineered by mainland management so that we did not achieve much more than the required 100% of assigned sales quota and did not receive much in sales commissions. At the 1968 100 Percent Club recognition event at the Fontainebleau Hotel in Miami Beach, the four of us Hawaiian Reps sat in the audience and irritably watched as eight other "best of the best" IBM commercial marketing representatives from all over the United States receive recognition awards and big bonus money on stage. The combined sales achievement of the eight winners was considerably less than what we four had worked hard to achieve in the one small Honolulu branch office. Clearly, IBM was not interested in hearing accusations of war profiteering and they maintained that posture throughout the years of the company's wartime involvement.

... snip ...

trivia: At Boeing, I thot Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world. then in early 80s (after having joined IBM) I had been introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. He tells story about being very vocal that the electronics across the trail wouldn't work and (possibly as punishment) he is put in command of spook base ... one of his biographies says "spook base" was $2.5B windfall for IBM (ten times Renton).
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/

John Boyd posts and web urls
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some recent posts mentioning while undegraduate getting hired into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computing Services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#73 Dataprocessing 48hr shift
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#68 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#67 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#66 Economic Mess and IBM Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#15 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#101 IBM Oxymoron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#91 360 Announce Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#75 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#118 Google Tells Some Employees to Share Desks After Pushing Return-to-Office Plan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#63 Boeing to deliver last 747, the plane that democratized flying
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#57 Almost IBM class student
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#5 1403 printer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM downturn and downfall

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM downturn and downfall
Date: 26 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
The IBM seismic event of 1992 didn't just materialize out of thin air ... it had been building since the early 70s with the disastrous future system event and Learson's failure to block the bureaucrats, careerists and MBAs
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More Dataprocessing Career

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More Dataprocessing Career
Date: 26 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#84 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#82 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#35 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#27 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#2 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#0 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#129 Dataprocessing Career

I took 2 credit hr intro to fortran&computers, then within a year of taking intro class, univ. hires me fulltime responsible for os/360. Univ. had 709/1401 and was sold a 360/67 for tss/360, however tss/360 never came to production fruition so ran (mostly) as 360/65 with os/360. Univ. shutdown datacenter and I had it dedicated to myself all weekend, although 48hrs w/o sleep made Monday morning classes difficult. Student fortran job ran under second on 709 (tape->tape). Initially on OS/360, ran over a minute. I install HASP and that cuts time in half. I then redo STAGE2 SYSGEN to carefully place datasets and PDS members to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multitrack search cutting it by another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. It never got better than 709 until I install Univ. of Waterloo WATFOR.

Three people from science center come out to install CP67 (3rd after cambridge itself and MIT Lincoln Labs) ... and I mostly play with it on my dedicated weekend time ... rewriting a lot of CP67 code. I'm invited to spring SHARE in Houston for CP67 announce and then attend a one week CSC CP67/CMS class at Beverly Hills Hilton; I arrive Sunday and asked to teach CP67 (the CSC CP67 people had resigned on Friday forming a commercial online CP67/CMS service bureau). Part of presentation on some of CP67 (& OS/360) work at fall Share meeting in this old archived post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

A series of recent "z/vm 50th" postings
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-6-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-7-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50-part-8-lynn-wheeler/

Most recent running (linux workstation) virtual machine was two months ago.

CSC posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More Dataprocessing Career

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More Dataprocessing Career
Date: 26 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#88 More Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#84 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#82 Dataprocessing Career

Employed at IBM for almost 15yrs, I submit an IBM "Speak UP" that I was underpaid with lots of supporting information. I get back written reply from head of HR that after detailed review of my whole career, I was being paid exactly what I was suppose to. I then create copy of everything with a written cover letter to send back ... pointing out that I was being asked to interview people, that were about to graduate, for a new group that would be operating under my technical direction ... and they were being offered starting salary 30% more than I was currently making. I never get a reply, but within a few weeks, I get a 30% raise (putting me on level playing field with new graduates). Not the first time, co-workers had to remind me in IBM, Business Ethics is an Oxymoron. Recent post about Learson trying to block the bureaucrats, careerists (and MBAs) destroying the Watson legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

more on underpaid "speak up"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#101 IBM Oxymoron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#125 IBM Clone Controllers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#15 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#86 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#12 IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#82 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy

more references in IBM, Business Ethics is Oxymoron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#1 IBM Oxymoron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#35 When Computer Coding Was a 'Woman's' Job
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#59 IBM CEO: Only 60% of office workers will ever return full-time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#42 IBM Token-Ring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#83 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#13 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More Dataprocessing Career

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More Dataprocessing Career
Date: 27 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#82 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#84 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#88 More Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#89 More Dataprocessing Career
and
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#26 Global & Local Page Replacement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#37 Global & Local Page Replacement

as undergradaute in 60s ... besides previously referenced CP67 work, I also rewrote CP67 dispatching & paging with dynamic adaptive resource managment and working set, along with global LRU page replacement (at a time when there was some academic CACM articles about "local" LRU page replacement.

after graduating and joining IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operation systems for internal datacenters (inluding world-wide, online sales&marketing support HONE systems). Some of the science center went to the 3rd flr, taking over the Boston Programming Center, to do VM370. In the morph of CP67->VM370, lots of stuff was dropped and/or greatly simplified. I then spent the next couple years, migrating CP67 enhancements into VM370 ... initially for internal systems, but some of the stuff was picked up and leaked out to customers.

After transferring to San Jose Research ... I continued to do enhancements (including rewriting I/O subsystems to make it bullet proof and never fail so the disk engineering&product test could use it for on-demand, concurrent testing ... they mentioned that they had recently tried MVS ... but in that environment MVS had 15min mean-time-between-failure, requiring manual re-ipl). I also worked with Jim Gray on System/R (original sql/relational RDBMS). Fall of 1980, Jim leaves for Tandem computer, palming off some number of things on me.

A year later, at Dec81 ACM SIGOPS meeting, Jim asked me to help a TANDEM co-worker get his Stanford PHD that heavily involved GLOBAL LRU (and the "local LRU" forces from 60s academic work, were heavily lobbying Stanford to not award a PHD for anything involving GLOBAL LRU). Jim knew I had detailed stats on the Cambridge/Grenoble global/local LRU comparison (showing global significantly outperformed local). Early 70s, IBM Grenoble Science Center had a 1mbyte 360/67 (155 4k pageable pages) running 35 CMS uses and had modified "standard" CP67 with working set dispatcher and local LRU page replacement ... corresponding to 60s academic papers. I was at Cambridge which had 768kbyte 360/67 (104 4k pageable pages, only 2/3rds the number of Grenoble) and running 80 CMS users, similar kind of workloads, similar response, similar throughput (but more than twice as many users) running my "standard" CP67 that I had originally done as undergraduate in the 60s. In addition to the Grenoble APR73 CACM article, I also had loads of detailed background performance data from Grenoble. Then IBM executives stepped in and blocked me sending a response for nearly a year (I hoped it was part of the punishment for being blamed for online computer conferencing in the late 70s through the early 80s on the company internal network ... and not that they were meddling in the academic dispute). Part of eventual response
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019
recent related mentioning online computer conferencing
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

some refs:

L. Belady, The IBM History of Memory Management Technology, IBM Journal of R&D, V35N5 R. Carr, Virtual Memory Management, Stanford University, STAN-CS-81-873 (1981) R. Carr and J. Hennessy, WSClock, A Simple and Effective Algorithm for Virtual Memory Management, ACM SIGOPS, v15n5, 1981 P. Denning, Working sets past and present, IEEE Trans Softw Eng, SE6, jan80 J. Rodriquez-Rosell, The design, implementation, and evaluation of a working set dispatcher, CACM16, APR73 D. Hatfield J. Gerald, Program Restructuring for Virtual Memory, IBM Systems Journal, v10n3, 1971

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
dynamic adaptive resource management posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
paging posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
getting to play disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
System/R posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr
online compuer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP ... it started out HA/6000 for NYT to migrate their newspaper system (ATEX) off VAXcluster to RS/6000. I rename it HA/CMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing) when start doing technical/scientific cluster scale-up with national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with RDBMS vendors (Sybase, Ingres, Informic, Oracle) ... planning 16processor mid92 and 128processor ye92. Then end of Jan92, cluster scale-up is transferred for announce as IBM Supercomputer (technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we coulnd't work on anything with more than four processors ... we leave IBM a few months later.

We then get brought into small client/server startup as consultants. Two of the former Oracle people that we had worked with on cluster scale-up, were there responsible for something called "commerce server" and they wanted to do payment transactions. The startup had also invented this technology call "SSL" they wanted to use. I have responsibility for everything between webservers and payment networks.

Mid-90s, somewhat for having done "electronic commerce", I'm asked to be member of ANSI financial standards body ... and some of the Chase reps had come from Chemical (before merger). Was asked to participate in financial industry critical infrastruction protection (PDD63). Then in Jan1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (got fed a lot about the players and what they would be doing) ... we failed.

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
electronic commerce posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#paymentgateway
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Past posts mentioning "Last product we did at IBM" (aka HA/CMP, started out HA/6000 for NYT)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#109 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#10 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#105 FedEx to Stop Using Mainframes, Close All Data Centers By 2024
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#84 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#77 IBM Quota
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#25 IBM "nine-net"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#11 VM/370 Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#101 IBM Stretch (7030) -- Aggressive Uniprocessor Parallelism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#56 ASCI White
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#9 Cloud Timesharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#55 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#128 The Network Nation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#114 Peer-Coupled Shared Data Architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#15 Disk Failures
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#109 168 Loosely-Coupled Configuration
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#102 IBM Lost Opportunities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#83 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#19 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#10 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#93 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#83 IBM Internal network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#35 Cloud computing's destiny
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#21 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#92 Mainframe mid-range computing market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#88 Mainframe mid-range computing market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#29 Quic gives the internet's data transmission foundation a needed speedup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#74 WEB Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#1 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#0 IBM "Wild Ducks"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#110 ROMP & Displaywriter
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#100 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#97 Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#47 This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#45 This 1966 Article About 'Computer Danger' Predicted a Bleak Future of Bank Crimes and Info Leaks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#4 MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#78 z/VM Live Guest Relocation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#15 THE IBM PC THAT BROKE IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#67 US to regain supercomputing supremacy with Summit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#42 What are mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#69 Fibre Channel is still alive and kicking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide and or for Europe alone?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#117 Are we programmed to stop at the 'first' right answer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TCP/IP, Internet, Ethernett, 3Tier

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: TCP/IP, Internet, Ethernet, 3Tier
Date: 27 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
The AWD group had done their own (16bit AT-bus) 4mbit token-ring card for the PC/RT. However when it came to RS/6000 (& microchannel), AWD was told they weren't allowed to do their own cards ... they could only use PS2 microchannel cards. The communication group had severely performance kneecapped the PS2 microchannel cards (attempting to throttle their use for little more than emulated 3270s). Example was that the PS2 32bit/microchannel 16mbit token-ring card, had much lower card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card (a PC/RT 4mbit T/R server would have higher throughput than RS/6000 16mbit T/R server).

New Almaden research bldg was heavily provisioned with CAT5 supposedly for 16mbit T/R ... but found running 10mbit Ethernet (over CAT5) had higher aggregate LAN throughput and lower latency and $69 10mbit ethernet card had enormously greater card throughput than $800 16mbit token-ring card.

1988 (ACM) SIGCOMM proceedings had a study of 10mbit ethernet. $69 10mbit Ethernet card would regularly get 8.5mbit/sec throughput ... and a 30 machine system with $69 CAT5 10mbit Ethernet cards with all low-level device drivers set to constantly loop, transmitting minimum sized Ethernet packets, saw effective LAN throughput drop off to 8mbit/sec.

some misc other background (including additional network related stuff added in the comments)
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

My wife had been tasked with being co-author for response to gov. request for an agency super-secure, large campus network environment where she included 3tier network. Then we were out making customer executive presentations of 3tier, TCP/IP, Internet, and Ethernet ... and taking all sorts of arrows in the back from the SNA, SAA, and token-ring folks.

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
3tier posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier
hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

some recent posts with ethernet refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#84 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#49 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#48 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#47 IBM ACIS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#6 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#83 IBM's Near Demise
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#69 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#62 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#58 IBM 3031, 3032, 3033
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#57 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#56 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#54 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#53 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#51 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#50 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#34 Online Terminals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#13 IBM/PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#4 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#77 IBM/PC and Microchannel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TCP/IP, Internet, Ethernet, 3Tier

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: TCP/IP, Internet, Ethernet, 3Tier
Date: 28 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#91 TCP/IP Internet, Ethernet, 3Tier

... some co-workers pointed out the arrows in the back is common for the people ("scouts") out in front ... went along with being periodically reminded that in IBM, Business Ethics is an Oxymoron

300 PC with $800 16mbit t/r cards .... $240k ... all sharing single 16mbit t/r lan that had aggregate LAN thruput that was small fraction of 10mbit ethernet LAN,, say 3kbit/PC

300 PC with $69 10mbit Ethernet card ... $21K each capable of 8.5mbit/sec and aggregate LAN throughput of 8.5mbit/sec. Enough money left over for $40K tcp/ip router ... 400mbit/sec backplane and 16ethernet lan Interfaces 19PCs /LAN sharing 8.5mbit say 447kbit/PC.

The router also had options for mainframe (IBM and non-IBM ... like Cray HIPPI) channel interfaces, T1 & T3 telco interfaces, FDDI LAN interfaces ... etc

And still small fraction cost 16mbit token-ring configuration. Then came full-duplex 100mbit ethernet and then full-duplex 1gbit ethernet

AWD also paid the company to add RS/6000 SLA support to this router (in part to counteract the horribly anemic microchannel cards). SLA sort of started out as ESCON fiber protocol ... but was improved to full-duplex, about 10% faster transmission and better throughput ... with direct SLA interface (NOT on microchannel card). Major problem was nothing else supported SLA ... so it was only useful to talk with other RS/6000s. With the TCP/IP router support ... an RS/6000 tcp/ip "server" could have couple hundred mbit/sec throughput. The SLA engineer in Austin then was set on doing a SLA 800mbit version. However, I had previously been con'ed into helping LLNL standardize what became fibre channel standard (FCS; including some stuff I had done in 1980) and talked the engineer into joining the FCS standards group. Some other FCS info here:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/

FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

some misc. posts mentioning RS/6000 SLA (serial link adapter):
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#66 David Boggs, Co-Inventor of Ethernet, Dies at 71
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#50 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#31 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#87 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#32 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#85 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#59 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#60 Mainframe files under AIX etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#54 mainframe performance, was Is a RISC chip more expensive?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#11 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#46 "25th Anniversary of the Personal Computer"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#52 TCP/IP and connecting z to alternate platforms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#43 One or two CPUs - the pros & cons
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005v.html#0 DMV systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#26 ESCON to FICON conversion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#13 Today's mainframe--anything to new?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#7 IBM 360 channel assignments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#12 Device and channel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#45 Shipwrecks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#0 Escon vs Ficon Cost
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#37 Why only 24 bits on S/360?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#31 OT?

some other posts mentioning arrows in the back is common for the people out in front:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#84 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#50 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#110 CICS sysprogs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#97 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#77 IBM Quota
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#24 IBM "nine-net"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#28 APL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#49 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#83 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#83 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#25 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#35 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#99 Boca Series/1 & CPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#21 IBM ... the rise and fall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#21 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#55 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#81 IBM Sells Somers Site for $31.75 million
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#80 IBM Sells Somers Site for $31.75 million
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#42 Computers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#77 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#41 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#34 30 yr old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#59 Why you need batch cloud computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#40 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#50 Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#41 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#44 Resistance to Java
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#79 wtf ? - was Catalog system for Unix et al
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#5 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#63 Making mainframe technology hip again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#31 Ethernet at 40: Its daddy reveals its turbulent youth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#51 Lotus: Farewell to a Once-Great Tech Brand
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#72 China overtakes U.S. as top Web market

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to Humiliate an Economist

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to Humiliate an Economist
Date: 28 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
How to Humiliate an Economist. Judge Leo Sorokin had enough of the experts of American Airlines and JetBlue last week, calling their testimony "unnuanced" "glib" "misleading" "bias" "not soundly reasoned" and "absurd."
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/how-to-humiliate-an-economist?

In antitrust, the place where the dirty laundry gets washed clean is in the economic consulting firms, with names like Compass Lexecon and Charles River Associates. Economists and expert witnesses, often tenured faculty members at well-known universities, have side gigs at these consulting shops working for merging parties in antitrust cases, for somewhere around $1350/hour. The University of Chicago's Dennis Carlton, for instance, has made over $100 million in his career at Compass Lexecon. This industry creates a structural barrier to justice, as it's almost impossible to bring an antitrust case without one of these people on your side, which raises the cost of litigation into the millions.

... snip ...

related
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

some past "economist" posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#76 Dean of the Columbia University Business School
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#73 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#20 The Big Fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#47 Search Google, 1960:s-style

and a few antitrust & economist posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#32 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#16 Old word processors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#52 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#7 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#87 The PC industry is heading for collapse
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#19 FW: Looking for Disk Calc program/Exec (long)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Netherlands and Uithoorn

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Netherlands and Uithoorn
Date: 28 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
After graduating & joining IBM one of hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer... HONE had me go along for some on the early HONE installs outside US ... but before EU HONE moved to Uithoorn ... have lots of email exchanges with people there. After leaving IBM, car trips from Amsterdam to Brussels ... remember signs pointing to Uithoorn.

Did a lot of work with IBM Uithoorn HONE installation over the years, Bert Wijnen and Theo Alkema ... old (archived) posts about Theo's 17Sept2000 passing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#8
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#9
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#21

old archived email with Theo about FULIST
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email781010
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email781011

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TCP/IP, Internet, Ethernet, 3Tier

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: TCP/IP, Internet, Ethernet, 3Tier
Date: 28 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#91 TCP/IP Internet, Ethernet, 3Tier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#92 TCP/IP Internet, Ethernet, 3Tier

Mainframe TCP/IP was 1st implemented in VS/Pascal and communication group was fighting hard to prevent its release to customers. Finally case was made that (some) customers required it ... and communication group changed their tactic, since they had corporate strategic responsibi.ity for everything that crossed datacenter walls, it had to be released through them. What shipped got 44kbytes/sec aggregate using nearly whole 3090 processor. It was then ported to MVS (by simulating some VM370 "diagnose" instructions), further increasing processor overhead. I did the support for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, got sustained 4341 channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

Later in early 90s, communication group contracted with silicon valley consultant to implement TCP/IP inside VTAM. What initially demo'ed had TCP throughput significantly higher than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "knows" that LU6.2 is faster than a "proper" TCP/IP implementation and they would be only paying for a "proper" implementation.

For some background, in the late 80s, a univ. study was done comparing VTAM LU6.2 pathlength and UNIX workstation TCP/IP pathlength ... finding VTAM LU6.2 pathlength was something like 160k instructions compared to unix workstation 5K instructions for TCP/IP.

rfc1044 support posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

posts mentioning vtam lu6.2 & unix tcp/ip pathlength comparison and/or TCP/IP implemented inside VTAM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#62 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#48 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#23 IBM "nine-net"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#20 3270 Trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#71 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#21 Telum & z16
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#80 Channel I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#21 Departmental/distributed 4300s
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#55 SHARE (& GUIDE)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#97 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#87 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#85 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#100 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#33 SHAREWARE at Its Finest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#66 LPARs: More or Less?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#47 Why so little parallelism?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#60 JES2 NJE setup

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fortran

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fortran
Date: 29 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
from "At The Controls" (facebook public group)
https://www.facebook.com/groups/779220482206901/posts/5855092777952954/

I took 2 semester hr intro to fortran/computers. Univ had been sold 360/67 for tss/360 to replace 709 (tape->tape) with 1401 unit record frontend. Within a year of taking the intro class, the 360/67 had arrived and I was hired fulltime responsible for OS/360. The univ. shutdown datacenter on weekends and I would have everything dedicated (although 48hrs w/o sleep made Monday classes a little hard). TSS/360 never came to production fruition, so ran as 360/65 with OS/360. Student fortran jobs took less than second on 709, but initially took over a minute on OS/360 360/65. I install HASP and cuts the time in half. I start redoing STAGE2 SYSGEN to carefully organize datasets and PDS members to optimize arm seek and multi-track PDS directory search, cutting time another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. It never gets better than 709 until I install Univ. of Waterloo WATFOR.

After I graduate, I join IBM and the Cambridge Science Center and then transfer to San Jose Research, Backus' office was 6-7 doors down the hall.

Trivia: at the end of the 2hr intro class, I was hired to port 1401 MPIO to 360/30. Pending arrival of 360/67, the 1401 was temporarily replaced with 360/30 which had 1401 emulation. They could have continued to run 1401 MPIO in emulation mode, but I assume they wanted to start getting 360 experience. I was given 360 hardware & software manuals and had the datacenter all to myself on weekends. I had to teach myself 360 assembler, hardware and systems. I got to design my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, etc ... and within a few weeks I had a 2000 card assembler program.

.... also don't forget PDS directory multi-track search

I've claimed that CKD was a 360 60s tradeoff for limited real storage (for cache disk information) and abundant I/O resources (vtoc, pds directories, etc & doing multi-track searches) ... trade-off that started to invert by the mid-70s.

Late 70s, I was told by the MVS DASD group that even if I provided fully functional and tested FBA support (aka 3370 FBA), I still needed a $26M incremental business case ($200M-$300M additional sales) to cover MVS training and documentation changes ... and by-the-way, IBM was selling every disk it was making, so any change from CKD to FBA would just be the same amount of revenue (*AND* as part of justification, I wasn't able to use life-time simplification and savings from changing CKD to FBA architecture)

Also late 70s, I had been brought into large national grocery running large loosely-coupled complex (dedicated systems for different regions) ... that was running into horrible throughput problems ... after all the standard POK experts had been brought through. I was brought into large classroom with piles of system activity reports covering the tables. After about 30mins I started to recognize that a specific shared disk was peaking around 7 I/Os (aggregate of all activity across all systems) and asked what it was. It was the shared PDS store controller application library ... with 3cyl PDS directory.

Turns out PDS directory search was taking avg of 1.5 3330 cyls, one 19track multi-track search at 60rev/sec or .317sec plus 2nd multi-track search of 9.5 tracks or .158sec for .475sec (locking up the channel, disk controller, and drive) ; followed by seek/search/read the actual (store controller) PDS member application. 3330 was capable of only loading slightly more than two store controller applications per second aggregate for all stores in the nation. Solution was to split the store control PDS file into multiple files across multiple disks and created a unique set of non-shared dedicated store controller file disks for each system.

Note disk hardware was all beginning to migrate to FBA ... even 3380 CKD (can be seen in records/track formulas where record size had to be rounded up to 3380 "cell size"). No real CKD disks have been made for decades, all being simulated on industry standard fixed-block disks.

CKD, FBA, multi-track search posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

trivia: after transfer to San Jose Research in 1977, I got to wander around most IBM & customer locations in silicon valley ... even getting to play disk engineer across the street over in bldgs 14&15 ... recent post over in linkedin
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/

getting to play disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

some recent posts mentioning WATFOR
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#88 More Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#82 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#73 Dataprocessing 48hr shift
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#68 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#67 VM/370 3270 Terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#62 Conflicts with IBM Communication Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#46 IBM DASD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#26 Global & Local Page Replacement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#25 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#91 360 Announce Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#75 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#26 DISK Performance and Reliability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#15 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#65 7090/7044 Direct Couple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#22 IBM Punch Cards

some past posts mentioning Backus
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#60 Fortran
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#99 IBM Stretch (7030) -- Aggressive Uniprocessor Parallelism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#67 RDBMS, SQL, QBE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#82 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#28 System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#35 Who introduced named files?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#26 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#21 [Poll] Computing favorities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#85 Hashing for DISTINCT or GROUP BY in SQL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#28 floating point, was history of RPG, Fortran
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#62 Problem with XP scheduler?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#27 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#0 tty
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#8 Fathers of Technology: 10 Unsung Heroes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#19 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#68 New test attempt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#53 Windows Monitor or CUSP? [was ReJohn W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#51 Windows Monitor or CUSP? [was ReJohn W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#9 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fortran

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fortran
Date: 29 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re;
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#96 Fortran

periodically reposted ... early IBM fortran programmer ... Ann Hardy
https://medium.com/chmcore/someone-elses-computer-the-prehistory-of-cloud-computing-bca25645f89

Ann Hardy is a crucial figure in the story of Tymshare and time-sharing. She began programming in the 1950s, developing software for the IBM Stretch supercomputer. Frustrated at the lack of opportunity and pay inequality for women at IBM -- at one point she discovered she was paid less than half of what the lowest-paid man reporting to her was paid -- Hardy left to study at the University of California, Berkeley, and then joined the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 1962. At the lab, one of her projects involved an early and surprisingly successful time-sharing operating system.

If Discrimination, Then Branch: Ann Hardy's Contributions to Computing
https://computerhistory.org/blog/if-discrimination-then-branch-ann-hardy-s-contributions-to-computing/

Much more Ann Hardy at Computer History Museum
https://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102717167

Ann rose up to become Vice President of the Integrated Systems Division at Tymshare, from 1976 to 1984, which did online airline reservations, home banking, and other applications. When Tymshare was acquired by McDonnell-Douglas in 1984, Ann's position as a female VP became untenable, and was eased out of the company by being encouraged to spin out Gnosis, a secure, capabilities-based operating system developed at Tymshare. Ann founded Key Logic, with funding from Gene Amdahl, which produced KeyKOS, based on Gnosis, for IBM and Amdahl mainframes. After closing Key Logic, Ann became a consultant, leading to her cofounding Agorics with members of Ted Nelson's Xanadu project.

Gnosis/KeyKOS trivia: I was brought in to review Gnosis as part of the spinoff to Key Logic.

some recent posts mentioning Ann Hardy, GNOSIS, and/ir KeyKOS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#35 When Computer Coding Was a 'Woman's' Job
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#60 Fortran
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#92 TYMSHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#70 IBM Chairman John Opel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#98 Virtual Machine SIE instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#92 Cobol and Jean Sammet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#45 Transaction Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#0 Women in Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#71 book review: Broad Band: The Untold Story of the Women Who Made the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#100 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#98 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#19 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fortran

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fortran
Date: 29 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re;
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#96 Fortran
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#97 Fortran

wandering around silicon valley, pascal trivia; while I was in SJR Research w/office there (later office in Almaden when research moved up the hill, although by that time, I had been transferred to Yorktown for numerous transgressions, but continued to live in San Jose; did have to commute to YKT a couple times/month), Los Gatos VLSI lab had also given me part of wing with offices and lab in return for helping them. Two people in VLSI tools group was using Metware's TWS for various efforts ... including developing 370 Pascal compiler (used for writing VLSI tools) ... which morphs into the VS/Pascal product (also used for implementing the original mainframe TCP/IP support). One of the tools group people had left IBM and joined Metaware. There was group up in Palo Alto porting UCB BSD to 370 and I convinced them to hire Metaware for a 370 C-compiler. The Palo Alto group was then redirected to port BSD to PC/RT (as "AOS") instead of 370 (resulting in Metaware also being used for the PC/RT C-compiler).

I've mentioned that communication group was fiercely fighting off release of (VS/Pascal) mainframe TCP/IP ... but some customers eventually got that reversed. However, communication group than switched and said that since they have corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crosses datacenter walls, it had to be released through them (what shipped got 44kbytes/sec aggregate using nearly whole 3090 processor) ... a port is also done for MVS (simulating VM370 diagnoses) I do the RFC1044 support and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and IBM 4341, gets sustained 4341 channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

After leaving IBM in the early 90s, new CEO had reversed breaking up IBM into the 13 "baby blues" ... but was selling off all sorts of real estate and unloading lots of other stuff ... including VLSI tools to major vendor. However, VLSI industry standard for running tools was SUN workstations and servers and all the tools had to be ported to SUN. I get an (IBM LSG) contract to port a 50,000 pascal statement VLSI tool to SUN pascal. I've periodically commented that I think SUN pascal possibly hadn't been used for other than univ. educational classes and it would have been easier to rewrite in C). LSG lab had been considered as one of the most scenic in the company, but there were no buyers ... so it was plowed under and land sold for housing development.

some TCPIP/internet posts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
IBM downturn and reorg into 13 baby blues in preparation for breakcup
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/

HSDT project posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
RFC1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
blamed for online computer conferencing late 70s & early 80s
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
communication group stranglehold
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

some posts mentioning Metaware TWS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#40 Mainframe Development Language
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#6 "In Defense of ALGOL"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#13 COBOL and tricks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#82 ROMP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#23 Programming Languages in IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#45 not a 360 either, was Design a better 16 or 32 bit processor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#5 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#95 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#37 IBM HA/CMP Product
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#63 EBCDIC Bad History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#41 CMS style XMITMSG for Unix and other platforms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#18 The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#94 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#24 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#62 Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#52 [Poll] Computing favorities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#36 Quote on Slashdot.org
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#59 Teletypewriter Model 33
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#21 The simplest High Level Language
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#32 computer bootlaces
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#54 PL/I vs. Pascal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#11 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#36 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#77 CLIs and GUIs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#14 Newbie question on table design
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#1 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#0 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#35 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#42 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#71 What terminology reflects the "first" computer language ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#19 Beyond 8+3

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fortran

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fortran
Date: 29 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Account Transaction Update

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Account Transaction Update
Date: 29 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
... doesn't ibm (mainframe) still require simulation of CKD ... when only thing anybody has made for decades is FBA (whether rotating or not).

DASD, CKD, FBA, multi-track search posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

after leaving IBM, was brought into financial operation that was working on new application for new kind of transaction batch update of account records ... starting small pilot had 16M account records (growing to 500M) with 1M (possibly growing to 20M) transaction updates (per day). They were looking at traditional mainframe DBMS. Instead got large SEQUENT multiprocessor machine (this was before IBM bought SEQUENT and shut it down) with IBM 3590 tape drives, sorted transaction records by account and ran tape->tape update every night (in minutes instead of hours) ... parallelized/threaded the code so it kept 3590s streaming full-speed.

Then there was some monthly processing with adding new information to account statements.

trivia: at the time, the datacenter had 40+ of the latest max configured IBM mainframes (none older than 18months, @$30M, something like $1.2B), all running the same 450K statement cobol application, accounts partitioned into dedicated DBMS spread across the systems, number of dedicated systems needed to finish standard/normal transaction account update/settlement in the overnight batch window. They had a large performance group that had been managing the application performance for decades ... but using some different methodology ... I was able to find 14% improvement.

posts mentioning sequent and 3590 tape drives:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#23 Target Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#64 Early Computer Use
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#62 RCA Data Record File?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#13 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#13 What was the historical price of a P/390?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#70 Entry point for a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#68 Entry point for a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#67 Architectural Diversity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#10 Tapes (3590) and VM

posts mentioning 450k statement cobol application and overnight batch settlement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#87 IRS and legacy COBOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#90 Performance Predictor, IBM downfall, and new CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#54 smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#3 COBOL and tricks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#58 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#73 lock me up, was IBM Mainframe market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#11 IBM z16: Built to Build the Future of Your Business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#56 Fujitsu confirms end date for mainframe and Unix systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#104 Mainframe Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#23 Target Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#120 Computer Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#58 Card Associations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#30 VM370, 3081, and AT&T Long Lines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#87 UPS & PDUs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#10 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#61 Performance Monitoring, Analysis, Simulation, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#68 How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#155 Book on monopoly (IBM)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#62 Cobol
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#18 IBM RAS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#42 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

AI means everyone can now be a programmer, Nvidia chief says

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: AI means everyone can now be a programmer, Nvidia chief says
Date: 29 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
AI means everyone can now be a programmer, Nvidia chief says
https://www.reuters.com/technology/ai-means-everyone-can-now-be-programmer-nvidia-chief-says-2023-05-29/

For some time, people have complained about not being able to understand generated machine/assembler code from really good optimizing compilers.

Big cloud operators have been saying for decades that they assemble their own server systems at small fraction of brand name servers. This aggressively, drastically reduced the cost per systems and shifted a large part of large megadatacenter (half million or more server systems) costs to power consumption. A large cloud operator will have dozen or scores of megadatacenters around the world. As a result there has been big shift to green and power efficient computation (they easily justify upgrading to improved power efficient servers) ... like building systems with lower performance chips if it improves overall power efficiency (somewhat the press about they were considering shift from Intel/AMD to ARM)

Trivia: about the time the major server chip vendors had press they were shipping at least half their product directly to cloud operators ... IBM sells off its server business.

megadatacenter posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Levels of Management

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Levels of Management
Date: 29 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
I was told story that so many IBMers went to the SBS joint venture that they duplicated IBM's 14 levels of management (for half million employees) for the 2000 in SBS (half SBS employees were supposedly director or above), jokes about linear organization multiple levels of executives where each level only having single report, which also was an executive with single report. Also there was story that SBS never made a profit but that Raleigh was primary supplier to SBS at such inflated prices, the IBM 1/3rd share of SBS loses was less than Raleigh's profit off SBS.

Supposedly business school teaches management "span of control" is seven. Late 80s, I heard GPD/Adstar managers complaining they were being forced to go to 10-14 employees ... supposedly the doubling of employees per manager was to reduce the levels of management (also reducing total number in management and bureaucratic overhead) and was part of the reorganization into the 13 "baby blues" (in preparation for breaking up the company), making the operation appearance more "lean" and "mean"

More about the failing downturn from 70s up to early 90s, when IBM had one of the largest losses in history of US companies.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

some archived posts mentioning satellite business systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#0 STS-41-D and SBS-4
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#26 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#75 Electronic Signature
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#66 The Case Against SQL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#28 IBM Cottle Plant Site
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#14 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#70 IBM/BMI/MIB
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#53 IBM/PC Uptake
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#60 Excess Management Is Costing the U.S. $3 Trillion Per Year
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#13 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#9 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#8 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#83 Ferranti Atlas paging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#110 private thread drift--Re: Demolishing the Tile Turtle
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#42 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#57 TV Show "Hill Street Blues"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#77 Honeywell 200
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#57 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#49 IBM's Ginni Rometty Just Confessed To A Huge Failure -- It Might Be The Best Thing For The Company
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#7 I actually miss working at IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#6 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#77 End of an era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#76 Other early NSFNET backbone
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#31 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#70 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#69 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#58 watches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#57 watches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#71 Happy DEC-10 Day

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Levels of Management

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Levels of Management
Date: 29 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#101 IBM Levels of Management

... and total different managers

I think 7 managers, between Science Center and San Jose Research ... until I was transferred to Yorktown (but left to live in San Jose, and had to commute to YKT a couple times/month) for transgression being blamed for doing online computer conferencing in the late 70s and early 80s. It wasn't entirely clear whether the manager was my punishment or I was his punishment.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Term "DASD"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Term "DASD"
Date: 30 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
trivia: ECKD channel program support was originally required by "calypso" (still CKD disks) ... 3880 speed matching buffer allowing 3380 3mbyte/sec disks to be attached to 370s that didn't support 3mbyte/sec channel interface. As can be imagined ECKD/calypso problems were numerous and I've claimed it would have been simpler to have migrated everything to FBA. a couple old emails in archived posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#email8201111
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#email820907b

some background ... when I 1st transferred to San Jose Research in 1977, I got to wander around most IBM and customer places in silicon valley ... including disk engineering (bldg14) and disk product test (bldg15) across the street. They were running 7x24, prescheduled, stand-alone testing ... they said that they had recently tried MVS, but it had 15min MTBF/mean-time-between failure (in that environment), requiring manual re-ipl. I offered to rewrite I/O supervisor making it bullet-proof and never fail ... allowing any amount of on-demand, concurrent testing ... greatly improving productivity. The downside was the engineers got into kneejerk blaming my software when they had problems ... and I had to increasingly play disk engineer, diagnosing their (hardware) problems. In one case they escalated my criticism to conference call with POK channel engineers ... but I was right ... and after that they would insist I be on all POK (channel engineer) conference calls. Some other recent channel posting
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-redrive-lynn-wheeler/

I did do (ibm internal only) research report (I/O Reliability) what needed to be done and happen to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... bringing down the wrath of the MVS group on my head (even trying to separate me from the IBM company) ... but joke was on them, I was periodically being told already that I had no career, promotions, or raises in the IBM company (for all the organizations and executives I'd offended).

posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

I assume this is the SSI cluster work done at HONE in the 70s ... I have some posts/comments from 2009 about IBM Annals of releasing no software before its time (assuming it was using CKD search-data-equal hack simulating semantics of the compare-and-swap instruction ... originally invented by Charlie at the science center when he was working on CP67 fine-grain multiprocessor locking, compare-and-swap chosen since "CAS" are charlie's initials ... had battles with MVT (pre-370 & pre-MVS) group claiming CAS wasn't needed for 370, that 360 test-and-set was sufficient).

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
SMP, multiprocessor, tightly-coupled and/or CAS posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

some recent posts specifically mentioning HONE & SSI
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#112 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#90 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#61 Datacenter Vulnerability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#59 The Man That Helped Change IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#30 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#10 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#96 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#25 VM370, 3081, and AT&T Long Lines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#77 IBM ACP/TPF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#10 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#30 IBM HSDT & HA/CMP

some older posts about HONE SSI and "From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#59 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#47 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#46 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#46 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#43 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time

some recent posts specifically mentioning compare and swap
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#81 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#77 IBM ACP/TPF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#35 HONE story/history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#86 IBM Auditors and Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#94 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#15 Frank Heart Dies at 89
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#65 Intrigued by IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#59 branch avoidance on orthodox Stanford RISC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#70 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Term "DASD"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Term "DASD"
Date: 30 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023c.html#103 IBM Term "DASD"

trivia: In late 70s, I implemented CMSBACK (incremental backup/archive) for internal datacenters. In the late 80s, PC & workstation clients were added and it was released to customers as workstation data save facility. It then morphs into ADSM (adstar distributed storage management) and then into TSM (tivoli storage management) ... IBM selling off GPD/Adstar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager

some old cmsback email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#email791025
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email801211
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#email830112

includes mention of originally modifying VM370 VMFPLC for VMXPLC and used by CMSBACK ... some old posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#email790402
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#email800321
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email800329

note in the wake of the Future System implosion and mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines (including kicking off quick&dirty 3033&3081 in parallel), the head of POK manages to convince corporate to kill vm370, shutdown the development and move all the people to POK for MVS/XA (or supposedly otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't be ready to ship on time). All the non-shipped stuff in the development group was wiped (like CMS full r/w OS/360 dataset & dasd format support, source for VMFPLC, etc).

Endicott managed to save the VM370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch ... and reverse engineer VMFPLC tapes for VMFPLC2. Turns out that I had VMFPLC source on an archive tape and used that for VMXPLC ... TAPE&VMFPLC would write short FST block before the file data .... I prefixed the FST in the same tape record with (initial) file data and increased the max tape record size for file data ... significantly cutting the tape inter-record gaps (increasing tape capacity, especially made big difference for 6250 tapes).

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
disk posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360/40 and CP/40

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360/40 and CP/40
Date: 30 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
CSC wanted to add virtual memory to 360/50 (cp/40 morphs into cp/67 when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available and then into vm/370 when it was decided to add virtual memory to all 370s) ... from Melinda's history paper
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda#VMHist
The Center actually wanted a 360/50, but all the Model 50s that IBM was producing were needed for the Federal Aviation Administration's new air traffic control system.

One of the fun memories of the CP-40 Project was getting involved in debugging the 360/40 microcode, which had been modified not only to add special codes to handle the associative memory, but also had additional microcode steps added in each instruction decoding to ensure that the page(s) required for the operation's successful completion were in memory (otherwise generating a page fault). The microcode of the 360/40 comprised stacks of IBM punch card-sized Mylar sheets with embedded wiring. Selected wires were ''punched'' to indicate 1's or 0's. Midnight corrections were made by removing the appropriate stack, finding the sheet corresponding to the word that needed modification, and ''patching'' it by punching a new hole or by ''duping'' it on a modified keypunch with the corrections.


... snip ...

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

past posts mentioning 360/40 & cp/40
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#108 PDP-11 architecture, was There Is Still Hope
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#21 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#73 Speed of Old Hard Disks - adcons
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#2 TSS (Transaction Security System)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#28 the Z/10 and timers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#71 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#14 when was MMU virtualization first considered practical?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#52 CMS (PC Operating Systems)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#21 MVCIN instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#57 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#4 IBM Manuals from the 1940's and 1950's
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#0 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#59 history of CMS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#44 cp/67 (coss-post warning)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#39 VAX, M68K complex instructions (was Re: Did Intel Bite Off More Than It Can Chew?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#6 Microcode?

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some 3033 (and other) Trivia

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some 3033 (and other) Trivia
Date: 31 May, 2023
Blog: Facebook
some 3033 trivia ... right after Future System imploded there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 3033&3081 in parallel.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

and I got con'ed into working on a five processor 370/125. 115/125 was actually 9processor design machine (memory bus with nine positions for microprocessors) ... 115 all the microprocessors were the same, just with different microcode loads ... processor with 370 microcode avg. 10 native instructions/370 instruction getting about 80kips 370. 125 was same except processor with 370 microcode was 50% faster, getting 120kips 370. Objective was to have five of the faster microprocessor all with 370 microcode load (about 600kips). at the same time, I was also asked to help with ECPS microcode for 138/148 ... old post with initial analysis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

Then Endicott objected to the five processor 125 (throughput would overlap 138/148) and in escalation meeting, i had to argue both sides ... but the 125 5-way was killed.

Then got sucked into a 16processor 370 and con'ed the 3033 processor engineers working on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than remapping 168 logic to 20% faster chips). Everybody thot it was great until somebody told head of POK that it could be decades before POK's favorite son operating system (MVS) had effective 16-way support (POK didn't ship 16-way until after turn of century). Then the head of POK invited some of us to never visit POK again and instructed 3033 processor engineers to stop being distracted. Note 165 had 370 microcode at avg 2.1processor cycles per 370 instruction, improved to 1.6cycles/370 for 168 and to one cycle/370 for 3033 ... so 3033 was more like 1.5 times 168 (not just 1.2).

I then transfer out to San Jose research and got to wander around silicon valley including disk engineering (bldg14) and product test (bldg15) across the street. They were doing 7/24, prescheduled, stand-alone mainframe testing ... they had said that they had tried MVS ... but it had 15min MTBF (mean-time-between failure) in that environment, requiring manual re-ipl. I offer to rewrite I/O supervisor making it bullet proof and never fail so they can do any amount of on-demand, concurrent testing ... greatly improving productivity. Then bldg15 (product test) gets early engineering 3033 (#3 or #4) for disk I/O channel testing. Testing only takes percent or two of 3033 processing ... so find a spare 3830 disk controller and string of 3330 disk drives and put up our own private online service on the engineering 3033 for a few of us (running a 3270 coax under the street to my office in bldg28).

Trivia: there was somebody doing air bearing simulation as part of floating disk head design (originally for 3370FBA and then 3380CKD) ... getting a couple turn arounds a month on the SJR 370/195 (even with high priority designation). We set him up on the bldg15 3033 ... and even though it was less than half the performance of the 370/195 ... he was still able to get multiple turn arounds per day.

when engineering 3033 was first installed in bldg15 ... had issues with the (external) channel director (requiring power cycle or re-impl). 303x channel director was 158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode (and w/o the 370 microcode) ... a 3031 was two 158 engines, one with just the 370 microcode and a 2nd with just the integrated channel microcode; a 3032 was 168-3 reworked to use channel director for external channels. We then discovered that if you (quickly) executed six Clear Channel instructions (for each channel address), the channel director would re-impl itself (pg. 5.1)
https://bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/3033/GA22-7060-3_3033_FuncChar_Jan79.pdf

note once 3033 was out the door, processor engineers start on trout/3090 (I would be periodically be invited to sneak into POK)

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
SMP, multiprocessor, tightly-coupled, and/or compare-and-swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
disk engineering posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

some posts mentioning bldg15 engineering 3033
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#20 IBM Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#73 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#40 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#107 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#70 2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#52 S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#57 DASD Development
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#61 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#23 Old data storage or data base
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#36 CKD DASD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#51 "Portable" data centers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#43 FBA rant
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#41 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#42 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#14 IBM 610 workstation computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#6 IBM 610 workstation computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#5 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#8 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#45 hung/zombie users ... long boring, wandering story

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

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