List of Archived Posts

2022 Newsgroup Postings (10/29 - 12/31)

Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
360/91
AL Gore Invented The Internet
IBM CAD
Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
US Banks Reported $1 Billion in 2021 Ransomware Payments
Google Cloud Launches Service to Simplify Mainframe Modernization
Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
Inventing the Internet
I predicted the 2008 crash - these are the global 'megathreats' I can see now
New Report Sheds Light on Pentagon's Secret Wars Playbook
It's still Ben Bernanke and Milton Friedman's Fed
Inventing the Internet
Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
370 virtual memory
370 virtual memory
Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
Inventing the Internet
Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
Inventing the Internet
370 virtual memory
NSA to developers: Think about switching from C and C++ to a memory safe programming language
370 virtual memory
Byte
IBM OS/360
do some Americans write their 1's in this way ?
computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
Mainframe Development Language
360/85
360/85
360/85
Christmas 1989
IBM Teddy Bear
Mainframe Development Language
Christmas 1989
computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
1973 ARPANET Map
360/85
Christmas 1989
New FTX CEO says he's never seen 'complete failure' of corporate controls in his career, including at Enron
Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
SystemView
Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
US Is Focused on Regulating Private Equity Like Never Before
smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
More John Boyd and OODA-loop
Tandem Memos
Christmas 1989
Model Mainframe
360/85
Fortran
Retirement
New FTX CEO says he's never seen 'complete failure' of corporate controls in his career, including at Enron
Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
Amazon's New Chip Moves AWS Into High-Performance Computing
Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022
The Pentagon Can't Count: It's Time to Reinvent the Audit
How Capitalism--Not a Few Bad Actors--Destroyed the Internet
Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022
Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022
Researchers found security pitfalls in IBM's cloud infrastructure
The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
This Declassified 9/11 Memo Is a Reminder that America's Closet Is Full of Skeletons
Researchers found security pitfalls in IBM's cloud infrastructure
Parasitic Private Equity is Consuming U.S. Health Care from the Inside Out
The Internet Is Having Its Midlife Crisis
Global income inequality: time to revise the elephant
The GOP wants to cut funding to the IRS. We can't let that happen
self-documenting APL, not COBOL and tricks
Air Force unveils B-21 stealth plane. It's not a boondoggle, for a change
Boeing's last 747 to roll out of Washington state factory
self-documenting APL, not COBOL and tricks
CDC, Cray, Supercomputers
Three Signals We've Entered a New Economic Era
Mainframe TCP/IP
US Senate blocks major anti-money laundering bill, the Enablers Act
Psychology of Computer Programming
As US-style corporate leniency deals for bribery and corruption go global, repeat offenders are on the rise
Psychology of Computer Programming
AL Gore Invented The Internet
Psychology of Computer Programming
IBM 360
IBM 360
Folks in Canada, Illinois etc. may now laugh
IBM 3270
IBM 360
IBM 360
IBM 360
IBM 360
PSR, IOS3270, 3092, & DUMPRX
IBM Pension
IBM 360
IBM 360
IBM 360
US Health agency accused of bowing to drug industry with new opioid guidance
IBM Downfall
IBM 360
terminals and servers, was How convergent was the general use of binary floating point?
CICS sysprogs
OODA-loop and agility
TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
IBM Breakup
Patients for Profit: How Private Equity Hijacked Health Care
IBM Controlling the Market
IBM Controlling the Market
The History of Electronic Mail
Wars and More Wars: The Sorry U.S. History in the Middle East
Corporate Computer Conferencing

Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
Date: Oct 29, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#55 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#60 370/195

one of his stories about being very vocal that the electronics across the trail wouldn't work ... and possibly as punishment, he is put in command of "spook base" (about the same time I'm at Boeing). His biographies mention that "spook base" was a $2.5B "wind fall" for IBM (ten times Renton).
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

The $2.5B would have helped with the enormously expensive IBM "Future System" disaster (early 70s, was completely different than 370 and was going to completely replace it)
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
John Boyd post and web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
Date: 29 Oct, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#0 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#55 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#60 370/195

long ago and far away, my wife was in the gburg JES group and one of the "catchers" for ASP/JES3 ... also co-author of JESUS (JES Unified System) specification, all the features in JES2 & JES3 that the respective customers couldn't live w/o (for various reasons never came to fruition). She was then con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of loosely-coupled (mainframe cluster) architecture where she did peer-coupled shared data architecture. She didn't remain long because 1) constant battles with the communication group trying to force her into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation and 2) little uptake (except for IMS hot-standby) until much later with sysplex and parallel sysplex. She has story about after work, asking Vern Watts who he was going ask, to get approval from, to do IMS hot-standby ... he told her, "nobody, he would just tell them when it was all done".

peer-coupled shared data architecture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata
HASP/JES2, ASP/JES3, NGI/NGE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360/91

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360/91
Date: 30 Oct, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#60 370/195

Tomasulo's algorithm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomasulo%27s_algorithm

from 23apr1981 ("tandem memos") email recently included in this long-winded (facebook mainframers) post
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1690693904618975/
bob tomasulo and dave anderson, the two poeple responsible for the model 91 and the (incredible but killed) hawk project, just left pok for the new stc computer company. management reaction: when dave told them he was thinking of leaving they said 'ok. 'one word. 'ok. ' they tried to keep bob by telling him he shouldn't go (the reward system in pok could be a subject of long correspondence). when he left, the management position was 'he wasn't doing anything anyway. '

in some sense true. but we haven't built an interesting high-speed machine in 10 years. look at the 85/165/168/3033/trout. all the same machine with treaks here and there. and the hordes continue to sweep in with faster and faster machines. true, endicott plans to bring the low/middle into the current high-end arena, but then where is the high-end product development?


... snip ...

email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#email810423
also in this archived post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#61 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency

other recent posts with email copy:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#email810423
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#email810423

other tomasulo refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#60 Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#53 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#52 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#91 Critique of System/360, 1967
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#38 Sad news of Bob Tomasulo's passing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#18 why doesn't processor reordering instructions affect most
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#15 How many Megaflops and when?

trivia: I had gotten involved with effort to do 16 processor 370 multiprocessor and we had con'ed the 3033 processor engineers to work on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than remapping 168-3 logic to 20% faster chips) ... going great guns until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operation system had effective 16-way support (POK doesn't ship 16-way until turn of the century). The head of POK then invites some of us to never visit POK again and tells the 3033 processor engineers, nose to 3033 grindstone. Once the 3033 is out the door, they start on trout/3090.

quick&dirty 3033/3081 projects kicked off in parallel after Future System implodes
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
multiprocessors posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

note there is also ACS/360 ... end of effort when executives were afraid it would advance the state-of-art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market; following also mentions features that show up more than 20yrs later with ES/9000.
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Consolidated US HONE did do 16 processor complex 2nd half of 1970s ... 1st eight loosely-coupled, single-system image systems and then added second processor make each a multiprocessor for total of 16 processors (I periodically have comment that support wasn't released to customers until 2009). At the time, closest similar was airlines ACP/TPF configurations ... but ACP/TPF didn't have tightly-coupled multiprocessor support.

HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

AL Gore Invented The Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: AL Gore Invented The Internet
Date: 30 Oct, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Al Gore Inventing the Internet
https://www.facebook.com/groups/internetoldfarts/permalink/658391949141360/

Co-worker (responsible for the internal network) and I transfer from Cambridge Science Center to IBM San Jose Research in 1977 ... some more background
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
archived "z/VM 50th - part 3"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
has a lot of references to IBM blocking participating in internetworking activity and TCP/IP

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Early 80s, I started HSDT (high-speed data transport) project with T1 and faster computer links and was working with NSF director; was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally an RFP is released (based in part on what we already had running). Preliminary announcement (Mar1986)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

... snip ...

IBM internal politics not allowing us to bid (being blamed for online computer conferencing inside IBM, likely contributed). The NSF director tried to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other gov. agencies) ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did claims that what we already had operational was at least 5yrs ahead of the winning bid), as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Later 80s, got involved in turning out HA/6000, originally NYTimes to move their newspaper system (ATEX) from VAXCluster to RS/6000. However as I started doing technical/scaleup cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors (Ingres, Informix, Sybase, Oracle, all had vax/cluster support in the same source base with unix support ... also lots of discussion on improving over Vaxcluster and easing Vaxcluster RDBMS port to HA/CMP unix base) ... rename it from HA/6000 to HA/CMP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

I'm also participating in National Information Infrastructure
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Information_Infrastructure
& High Performance Computing meetings at LLNL.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Performance_Computing_Act_of_1991

End of Jan1992, I'm not able to attend a meeting, but one of the other vendors stop by my office afterwards to fill me in on what went on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email920129
within possibly hrs, cluster scaleup is transferred for announce as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors (we leave IBM a few months later). Possibly contributing was (mainframe) DB2 group complaining if we were allowed to continue, it would be at least five yrs ahead of them (other trivia, more than decade earlier, I was involved with the orignal SQL/relational implementation at San Jose Research, precursor to DB2).

system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

another email on 29Jan1992 from "office of FSD President" (we were good friends with his technical assistant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#email920129
... again possibly hrs before cluster scaleup ("MEDUSA") is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors.

17Feb1992 press, announced for scientific and technical *ONLY*
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
computerworld 1992-02-17 at wayback machine
https://archive.org/details/sim_computerworld_1992-02-17_26_7
11May1992 press, cluster supercomputing caught IBM by "surprise"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

The joke about (Gore's) NII was US gov. wanted all the vendors to do the testbed/pilot program on their own nickel. They recouped some of it when Singapore gov invited all the US NII participants to do a fully gov. funded identical implementation in Singapore.

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

Did Al Gore Say 'I Invented the Internet'? Despite decades of media mirth-making about the supposed statement, former vice president Al Gore never claimed he "invented the Internet."
https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/internet-of-lies/

Development and passage
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Performance_Computing_Act_of_1991#Development_and_passage
Senator Al Gore developed the Act[1] after hearing the 1988 report Toward a National Research Network[7] submitted to Congress by a group chaired by UCLA professor of computer science Leonard Kleinrock, one of the creators of the ARPANET, which is regarded as the earliest precursor network of the Internet.[8]

The bill was enacted on December 9, 1991, and led to the National Information Infrastructure (NII)[9] which Gore referred to as the "Information superhighway". President George H. W. Bush predicted that the Act would help "unlock the secrets of DNA," open up foreign markets to free trade, and a promise of cooperation between government, academia, and industry.[10]


... snip ...

US was concerned about being competitive in the world market ... part of the legislation was "high performance act of 1991" ... another aspect was commercializing gov. technology ... using consortiums of gov. agencies and commercial corporations ... however they needed exception to the anti-trust laws.

My recent tome about bureaucrats and careerists destroying Watsons' legacy.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
archived John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

some old (usenet/afc) posts referencing Al Gore Inventing Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#43 Al Gore: Inventing the Internet...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#38 I'll Be! Al Gore DID Invent the Internet After All ! NOT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#39 I'll Be! Al Gore DID Invent the Internet After All ! NOT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#38 Did this 1985 film coin the phrase 'information superhighway' and predict Siri?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#5 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM CAD

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM CAD
Date: 31 Oct, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Within year of taking 2 semester hr intro to fortran/computers, univ hires me fulltime responsible for os/360 (they had been sold 360/67 for tss/360, but were running as 360/65). Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computing Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed and boxes constantly staged in hallways around machine room. Lots of politics between Renton director and CFO (who only had 360/30 up at Boeing field for payroll, although they enlarge the room to install a 360/67 for me to play with when I'm not doing other stuff). Also disaster plan to duplicate Renton up at new 747 plant in Everett (scenario where Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud slide takes out Renton datacenter). IBMer I remember mostly dealing with was John Maloof. When I graduate, I join IBM cambridge science center (instead of staying at Boeing).

Something like three decades later (and having left IBM) was invited into BCS (Bellevue) about how to get Boeing off IBM cad/cam ... IBM had sold them Dassault's CATIA ... they complained about having to send bug reports to IBM STL and STL sends them to Dassault, which might have questions that had to be routed back through STL. That was beside the fact that they building huge list of new enhancements that they needed and not getting any response. They felt being forced to reverse engineer all the CATIA files, extract the data and implement their own enhancements. Some grousing that it was all part of putting US airplane competition at disadvantage.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CATIA#History

Boeing 60s trivia: Boeing Huntsville had been sold two processor 360/67 with large number of channel attached 2250s for TSS/360 CAD, however TSS/360 never came to production fruition so ran as two single processor MVT systems doing CAD.

I've periodically post about being asked to track down IBM decision to add virtual memory to all 370s ... aka MVT storage management was so bad that typical 1mbyte 370/165 would only be running four regions concurrently (because regions had to be specified four times larger than normally used, insufficient to keep 370/165 busy and justified) ... going to virtual memory, number of regions could be increase by factor of four times with little or no paging ... old archived email with snippets from somebody that reported to executive making decision.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

Well Boeing Hunstville had run into the problem in spades running MVT 2250 CAD and had modified MVT R13 to create virtual memory tables (somewhat akin to initial VS2 SVS) but without paging, just sufficient to compensate for the significant MVT storage management problems.

past catia posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#63 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#32 IBM Graphical Workstation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#110 ROMP & Displaywriter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#53 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#47 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#28 MCTS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#56 Why not an IBM zSeries workstation?

recent posts mentioning MVT storage management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#87 CICS (and other history)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#83 COBOL and tricks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#54 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#97 MVS support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#93 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#61 IBM 360/50 Simulation From Its Microcode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#55 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#34 Retrotechtacular: The IBM System/360 Remembered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#20 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#72 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#50 IBM 3033 Personal Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#2 IBM 2250 Graphics Display
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#92 Computer BUNCH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#76 Link FEC and Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#73 MVT storage management issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#31 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#10 360/65, 360/67, 360/75

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
Date: 01 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
https://www.cnn.com/2022/11/01/economy/warren-powell-fed-job-losses/index.html

Political posturing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_posturing
... political theatre, or "kabuki"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_posturing#Kabuki
In common English usage, a kabuki dance, also kabuki play,[10] is an activity or drama carried out in real life in a predictable or stylized fashion, reminiscent of the kabuki style of Japanese stage play.[1][11][12] It refers to an event that is designed to create the appearance of conflict or of an uncertain outcome, when in fact the actors have worked together to determine the outcome beforehand. For example, Tom Brokaw used the term to describe U.S. Democratic party and U.S. Republican party political conventions,[11] which purport to be competitive contests to nominate presidential candidates, yet in reality the nominees are known well beforehand.

... snip ...

trivia: In jan1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). In jan2009 (ten yrs later), I was asked to web'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into '29crash) with lots of internal hrefs and URLS between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (various comments about any legislature that might be passed will purely be facade).

it was also used for articles about congress is the most corrupt institution on earth ... especially regarding enormous tax loopholes. The issue had been congress selling "tax loopholes" .... but they had pretty quickly saturated the market. The issue was how to get reoccurring revenue from tax loopholes. A couple solutions ... apparent conflict to eliminate a loophole ... collecting contributions from both sides (pro & con) ... the other was loopholes that had expiration dates ... requiring frequent renewal.

kabuki theater posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
pecora and/or glass-steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
Date: 02 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#5 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?

... other comment spring 2009 not needing the Pecora Hearings was that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wall street cash.

Misc. other congress: rhetoric in congress about Sarbanes-Oxley would that it would prevent future Enrons and would guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime ... however it required that SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't think SEC was doing anything, it was doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reporting, even showing fraud increased after SOX went into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

Also 2002, congress lets fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending couldn't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, US Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic for how badly they were savaging the budget. 2010, CBO did a report that 2003-2009, spending increased by $6T and tax revenue dropped by $6T, for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. Sort of confluence of Federal Reserve and Too Big To Fail needed huge federal debt, special interests wanted huge tax cut, and Military-Industrial Complex wanted huge spending increase (and perpetual wars).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
pecora and/or glass-steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
sarbanes-oxly posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
fiscal responsiblity act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
US Comptroller General posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
Federal Reserve Chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
Too Big To Fail (too-big-to-prosecute, too-big-to-jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
military-industrial(-congressional) complext posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
Date: 02 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#90 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#94 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology

Yon Bard was responsible for the APL analytical model that became the performance predictor and single-system-image load balancing. I have long winded post from Oct2021 (year ago) in (facebook "private") IBM Retirees, archived version here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#30

I have longer winded archived post to usenet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#53

mentions a couple system journal and the 81 R&D. As an aside the V10N3, 1971 systems journal also has another CSC article by the people that did the work for what was eventually released as VS/Repack (also mentioned).

a few more (of several) archived posts mentioning vs/repack and people responsible for VS/Repack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#84 VS/Repack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#66 Messing Up the System/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#35 Interesting Mainframe Article: 5 Myths Exposed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#1 IBM sues maker of Intel-based Mainframe clones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#11 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#24 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#37 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#5 Code density and performance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#22 Lock-free algorithms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#50 Blade architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#49 Swapper was Re: History of Login Names
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#20 Very CISC Instuctions (Was: why the machine word size ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#31 database (or b-tree) page sizes

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
Date: 02 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#5 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#5 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?

shortly after joining IBM in 1970 ... I had a number of IBM trips overseas. One of the IBMers that went along to Tokyo told story about his 1st trip to Tokyo where he gave a presentation, started out by saying he had learned Japanese from his roommate in college. At the break, they took him aside and told him there were three vocabularies in Japanese, and he was speaking "women's language".

a couple recent tomes mentioning co-worker at the cambridge science center
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
... reference book about him being bullied and is american way of life, stamping out creativity and enforce conformity
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

permeates nearly all levels of US education system ... even extending to military academies ... reference to study of German and US military academies the first half of 1900s ... including reference to George Marshall (WW2 chief of staff) was so badly injured in a bullying/hazing incident that he almost had to drop out
https://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/
again lots tracing to "industrial age education" ... Industrial Age Education Is a Disservice to Students
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/industrial-age-education-_b_2974297

AETC Focused on Breaking Away From Industrial-Age Thinking
https://www.airforcemag.com/AETC-Focused-on-Breaking-Away-From-Industrial-Age-Thinking/
Lessons in learning
https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2019/09/study-shows-that-students-learn-more-when-taking-part-in-classrooms-that-employ-active-learning-strategies/
The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://qz.com/1314814/universal-education-was-first-promoted-by-industrialists-who-wanted-docile-factory-workers/
Industrial Age education, from late 1800s, early 1900s (time & motion studies, etc), teaching memorization, not thinking, strict conformity, stamping out factory workers for the capitalists and robber barons
https://www.azquotes.com/quote/1212588
How to Break Free of Our 19th-Century Factory-Model Education System. A technology and education entrepreneur gazes into the future of the classroom
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/05/how-to-break-free-of-our-19th-century-factory-model-education-system/256881/
Why Our Industrial-Age Schools Are Failing Our Information-Age Kids
https://www.qualitydigest.com/inside/quality-insider-column/why-our-industrial-age-schools-are-failing-our-information-age-kids
The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation. There are two types of games. One kills creativity and the other is for kids...
https://www.inc.com/stephen-shapiro/why-your-business-needs-more-kid-games-fewer-adult-games.html
Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business
US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html
IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity
https://theconversation.com/iq-tests-cant-measure-it-but-cognitive-flexibility-is-key-to-learning-and-creativity-163284

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Banks Reported $1 Billion in 2021 Ransomware Payments

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US Banks Reported $1 Billion in 2021 Ransomware Payments
Date: 02 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
US Banks Reported $1 Billion in 2021 Ransomware Payments
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-11-01/us-banks-spent-1-billion-on-ransomware-payments-in-2021-treasury-says
Treasury says ransomware payments more than doubled since 2020. Report comes amid US ransomware summit this week in Washington

... snip ...

I had been invited to financial CIP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection
and meetings were in white house annex. One of the biggest issues was making sure the FS-ISAC wasn't subject to FOIA (freedom of information act) because they didn't want the public to know how bad it really is (or they might loose faith in their institutions).
https://www.fsisac.com/

posts mentionint fraud, risk, exploits, and/or vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud

misc. past posts mentioning financial CIP and/or ISAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#26 Why Things Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#74 Frameworks Quagmire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#17 Data Breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#56 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#87 Bizarre Career Events
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#4 Microsoft president asks Congress to force private-sector orgs to publicly admit when they've been hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#10 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#94 Private sector needs a little sumthin' sumthin' to get it sharing threat intel - US security chap
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#56 Mexico Foiled a $110 Million Bank Heist, Then Kept It a Secret
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#10 Graph database on z/OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#32 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#85 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#102 Electronic Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#96 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#17 Cybercrime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#6 Repealing Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#99 Cyber Threat Sharing is Great in Theory, But Tough in Practice
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#74 N.Y. Bank Regulator Says Third-Party Vendors Provide Backdoor to Hackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#14 President to Issue Executive Order Encouraging Threat Intelligence Sharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#15 Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#100 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#70 Alan Grayson: Is Keith Alexander Selling Classified Information to the Banks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#76 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#65 The Real Snowden Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#10 EBCDIC and the P-Bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#20 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#77 U.S. banks on high alert against cyberattacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#63 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#58 2012 History Conference

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Google Cloud Launches Service to Simplify Mainframe Modernization

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Google Cloud Launches Service to Simplify Mainframe Modernization
Date: 02 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Google Cloud Launches Service to Simplify Mainframe Modernization
https://futurumresearch.com/research-notes/google-cloud-launches-service-to-simplify-mainframe-modernization/
Google Cloud Launches First-of-Its-Kind Service to Simplify Mainframe Modernization for Customers in Financial Services, Retail, Healthcare and Other Industries
https://www.googlecloudpresscorner.com/2022-10-11-Google-Cloud-Launches-First-of-Its-Kind-Service-to-Simplify-Mainframe-Modernization-for-Customers-in-Financial-Services,-Retail,-Healthcare-and-Other-Industries

SABRE/Amadeus trivia: My wife did short stint as chief architect for Amadeus (built off the old 370/195 Eastern Air System/ONE) ... however she backed the Europeans in the use of x.25 (instead of SNA). The communication group then got her replaced ... but it didn't do them much good because Europe went with x.25 anyway ... and replaced their replacement.

After leaving IBM in 1st half of 90s, was asked into SABRE to look at the ten things they couldn't do. It started with ROUTES (25% of mainframe workload) ... which still used design from the 60s, prebuilding database of direct and one-connects for origin/destination ... but anything more complex required experienced travel agent. They provided me full OAG (every schedule commercial flt segment in the world). I left and came back in couple months and demo'ed RS/6000 implementation that could find origin/destination involving any number of connects, ran with nearly raw OAG data (eliminating org. of some 700-800 people), eliminated the sporadic 3rd shift outage rebuilding the origin/destination database, and could handle every ROUTE request for every commercial airline in the world with ten RS6000/990s. Then the hand wringing started, they said they didn't actually want me to solve the problem, they just wanted to tell the parent board that I would be working on it for the next five years (apparently one of the board members was former IBMer that I had known). They also wouldn't let me look at FARES (40% of mainframe workload) or any of the other apps.

some other recent google cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#125 Google Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#126 Google Cloud

cloud megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

past posts mentioning Amadeus and/or OAG/ROUTES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#75 lock me up, was IBM Mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#18 Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#37 Why Sabre is betting against multi-cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#77 IBM ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#76 IBM ITPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#8 Air Traffic System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#66 ACP/TPF 3083
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#6 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#71 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#67 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#63 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#60 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#45 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#42 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#0 IBM & SABRE

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
Date: 03 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oyWsdS1h-TM

re: RDBMS; I worked with Jim Gray and Vera Watson on original SQL/relational implementation, System/R (done at san jose research) ... some amount of conflict with IMS group in STL. We were able to do tech transfer to Endicott "under the radar" for SQL/DS ... while companywas preoccupied with "EAGLE" ... next great new DBMS. When EAGLE implodes, there is request for how fast could System/R could be ported to MVS (before EAGLE implodes RDBMS was never going to be strategic IBM DBMS) which is eventually released as DB2 ... originally for decision support only.

When Jim departs for Tandem, he palms some amount of stuff on me ... including DBMS consulting with IMS group in STL.

Posts from year ago on System/R, SQL/DS, EAGLE, and DB2 history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#104 Mainframe Hall of Fame
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#105 Mainframe Hall of Fame
from
https://www.mcjones.org/System_R/index.html
https://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/
reverse citation (includes my references)
https://www.mcjones.org/System_R/citations.html

This mentions working with four major RDBMS vendors (that had cluster and unix support) for HA/CMP
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
also recent post in facebook internet group
https://www.facebook.com/groups/internetoldfarts/permalink/658391949141360/

I also was sucked into playing disk engineer in bldg14 (disk engineering) and bldg15 (disk product test) ... recent mention
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/

system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr
ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
playing disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#100 Mainframe Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#102 Mainframe Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#0 Mainframe Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inventing the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Inventing the Internet
Date: 04 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Inventing the Internet
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

Co-worker (responsible for the internal network, also used for the corporate sponsored univ "BITNET") and I transfer from Cambridge Science Center to IBM San Jose Research in 1977 ... some more background
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/

has a lot of references to IBM blocking participating in internetworking activity and TCP/IP ... as well as this ref:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
In June 1975, MIT Professor Jerry Saltzer accompanied Hendricks to DARPA, where Hendricks described his innovations to the principal scientist, Dr. Vinton Cerf. Later that year in September 15-19 of 75, Cerf and Hendricks were the only two delegates from the United States, to attend a workshop on Data Communications at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg Austria where again, Hendricks spoke publicly about his innovative design which paved the way to the Internet as we know it today.

... snip ...

Early 80s, I started HSDT (high-speed data transport) project with T1 and faster computer links and was working with NSF director; was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally an RFP is released (based in part on what we already had running). Preliminary announcement (Mar1986)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

... snip ...

IBM internal politics not allowing us to bid (being blamed for online computer conferencing inside IBM, likely contributed). The NSF director tried to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other gov. agencies) ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did claims that what we already had operational was at least 5yrs ahead of the winning bid), as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

Later 80s, got involved in turning out HA/6000, originally NYTimes to move their newspaper system (ATEX) from VAXCluster to RS/6000. However as I started doing technical/scaleup cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors (Ingres, Informix, Sybase, Oracle, all had vax/cluster support in the same source base with unix support ... also lots of discussion on improving over Vaxcluster and easing Vaxcluster RDBMS port to HA/CMP unix base) ... rename it from HA/6000 to HA/CMP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing

I'm also participating in National Information Infrastructure meetings at LLNL.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Information_Infrastructure
& High Performance Computing meetings at LLNL.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Performance_Computing_Act_of_1991

End of Jan1992, I'm not able to attend a meeting, but one of the other vendors stop by my office afterwards to fill me in on what went on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email920129

within possibly hrs, cluster scaleup is transferred for announce as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors (we leave IBM a few months later). Possibly contributing was (mainframe) DB2 group complaining if we were allowed to continue, it would be at least five yrs ahead of them (other trivia, more than decade earlier, I was involved with the orignal SQL/relational implementation at San Jose Research, precursor to DB2). 17Feb1992 press, announced for scientific and technical *ONLY*
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
computerworld 1992-02-17 at wayback machine
https://archive.org/details/sim_computerworld_1992-02-17_26_7
11May1992 press, cluster supercomputing caught IBM by "surprise"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

The joke about (Gore's) NII was US gov. wanted all the vendors to do the testbed program on their own nickel. They recouped some of it when Singapore gov invited all the US NII participants to do a fully gov. funded identical implementation in Singapore.

My recent tome about bureaucrats and careerists destroying Watsons' legacy.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

the above 29jan1992 email mentions meeting with Oracle CEO Ellison on cluster scaleup earlier in Jan, with 16-way available mid92 and 128-way available ye92 ... old ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Later after leaving IBM, are brought into a small client/server company as consultants, two of the former Oracle people (had worked with us on HA/CMP & were in the Ellison meeting) are there responsible for something called "commerce server" and want to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

another email on 29Jan1992 from "office of FSD President" (IBM Federal Systems Division)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#email920129

... again possibly hrs before cluster scaleup ("MEDUSA") is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors ... aka possibly because FSD told kingston supercomputer group that they were going with HA/CMP for the gov. ... the group decided that they would take it over for (their) supercomputer

Cambridge Science Center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
IBM internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
electronic commerce payment gateway posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

Did Al Gore Say 'I Invented the Internet'? Despite decades of media mirth-making about the supposed statement, former vice president Al Gore never claimed he "invented the Internet."
https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/internet-of-lies/

Development and passage
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Performance_Computing_Act_of_1991#Development_and_passage
Senator Al Gore developed the Act[1] after hearing the 1988 report Toward a National Research Network[7] submitted to Congress by a group chaired by UCLA professor of computer science Leonard Kleinrock, one of the creators of the ARPANET, which is regarded as the earliest precursor network of the Internet.[8]

The bill was enacted on December 9, 1991, and led to the National Information Infrastructure (NII)[9] which Gore referred to as the "Information superhighway". President George H. W. Bush predicted that the Act would help "unlock the secrets of DNA," open up foreign markets to free trade, and a promise of cooperation between government, academia, and industry.[10]


... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

I predicted the 2008 crash - these are the global 'megathreats' I can see now

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: I predicted the 2008 crash - these are the global 'megathreats' I can see now
Date: 05 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
I predicted the 2008 crash - these are the global 'megathreats' I can see now
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2022/nov/05/megathreats-global-leaders-disaster-world

Well, Jan1999 I had been asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). I had been told some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, where then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a couple billion, needed to fail to leave the field clear for the next round of IPOs) and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages. Spreading enough money, they were able to get around every countermeasure.

Jan2009, I was asked to web'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulting in jail terms) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what was done this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile, but then get a call that it wouldn't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail (Too Big To Prosecute, Too Big To Jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-bit-to-fail
Pecora (and/or Glass-Steagall) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New Report Sheds Light on Pentagon's Secret Wars Playbook

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: New Report Sheds Light on Pentagon's Secret Wars Playbook
Date: 06 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
New Report Sheds Light on Pentagon's Secret Wars Playbook. The analysis suggests that the U.S. war in Somalia was waged with no clear legal basis.
https://theintercept.com/2022/11/03/us-military-secret-wars/

Will Iraq Become Another 'Lesson Lost' Like Vietnam? The Army commissioned, then sat on a 1,300-page evaluation of the war. It probably fell short of the truth anyway.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/will-iraq-become-another-lesson-lost-like-vietnam/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

It's still Ben Bernanke and Milton Friedman's Fed

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: It's still Ben Bernanke and Milton Friedman's Fed
Date: 06 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
It's still Ben Bernanke and Milton Friedman's Fed
https://currenttime.news/its-still-ben-bernanke-and-milton-friedmans-fed/
It's still Ben Bernanke and Milton Friedman's Fed
https://www.ft.com/content/06fa98de-0339-46e6-b2b7-b535d575e878

Fed Researve Chairmen posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

some recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#25 Did Ben Bernanke Implement QE before the 2008 Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#24 Did Ben Bernanke Implement QE before the 2008 Financial Crisis?

older Bernanke ref from
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#81 Economic Mess

the Federal Reserve fought hard legal battle to prevent disclosing that they were doing the real bailout. When they lost and the details became public, the FED Chair held a press conference. He said that he believed that the TBTF would have used the ZIRP funds to help main street ... but when they didn't (buying treasuries and banking the spread, at least $300B/annum), he had no way to force them ... but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds. Note that the FED Chair had been chosen in part because of having been a student of the '29crash & depression ... when the FED had tried something similar with the same results ... so there should have been no expectation of anything different this time.

Too Big To Fail (Too Big To Prosecute, Too Big To Jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

some recent posts mentioning milton friedman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#84 Destruction Of The Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#97 Why Companies Are Becoming B Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#96 Why Companies Are Becoming B Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#30 Why Mislead Readers about Milton Friedman and Segregation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#34 Chicago Boys' 100% Private Pension System in Chile Is in Big Trouble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#36 We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#22 Neoliberalism: America Has Arrived at One of History's Great Crossroads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#17 Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#21 ESG Drives a Stake Through Friedman's Legacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#15 The Other 1 Percent": Morgan Stanley Spots A Market Ratio That Is "Unprecedented Even During The Tech Bubble"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#149 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#64 Capitalism as we know it is dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#34 The U.S. Forgot What Antitrust Is For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#32 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#117 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#107 Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of workers, researchers say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#115 Economists Should Stop Defending Milton Friedman's Pseudo-science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#87 Where Is Everyone???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inventing the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Inventing the Internet
Date: 06 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http:/www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet

other recent (linkedin) posts/articles
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
and (facebook public) mainframers
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1781529862202045/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1690693904618975/

Old email with some more about working with LLNL on porting their LINCS filesystem to HA/CMP ... also ADSTAR working on high-speed disks (not CKD DASD, but would require CKD emulation in order support POK favorite son operating system.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#email911230
in this archived post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#57 HA/CMP, HA/6000, Harrier/9333, STK Iceberg & Adstar Seastar

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

recent archived posts referencing LinkedIn and/or facebook postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#11 Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#2 360/91
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#91 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#90 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#87 CICS (and other history)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#74 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#67 30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#66 IBM Dress Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#53 Wednesday Night Round table
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#31 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#85 IBM CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#73 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#69 360/67 & DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#46 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#75 Frameworks Quagmire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#3 Final Rules of Thumb on How Computing Affects Organizations and People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#112 GM C4 and IBM HA/CMP

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 06 Nov 2022 17:02:03 -1000
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
It is true that the 360/85 was faster than expected, while the 360/91 was a disappointment.

However, the 360/85 was _not_ a version of the 360/65. It was a completely different design, with a longer microcode word. However, the 370/165 was largely based on the 360/85 with additional improvements - perhaps this is what led to the confusion. The 3033 continued the use of this particular design.

And IBM did not ignore the fact that out-of-order execution, the innovation of the Model 91 was still also helpful. That's why they came out with the 360/195 which added cache, similar to what the Model 85 had, to the Model 91, combining both features, to make a very powerful computer.


Tomasulo's algoritm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomasulo%27s_algorithm

some archived afc posts mentioning Tomasulo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#91 Critique of System/360, 1967
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#38 Sad news of Bob Tomasulo's passing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#18 why doesn't processor reordering instructions affect most
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#15 How many Megaflops and when?

from 23apr1981, piece of ("tandem memos") email from POK hardware group:

Date: 04/23/81 09:57:42
To: wheeler

your ramblings concerning the corp(se?) showed up in my reader yesterday. like all good net people, i passed them along to 3 other people. like rabbits interesting things seem to multiply on the net. many of us here in pok experience the sort of feelings your mail seems so burdened by: the company, from our point of view, is out of control. i think the word will reach higher only when the almighty $$$ impact starts to hit. but maybe it never will. its hard to imagine one stuffed company president saying to another (our) stuffed company president i think i'll buy from those inovative freaks down the street. '(i am not defending the mess that surrounds us, just trying to understand why only some of us seem to see it).

bob tomasulo and dave anderson, the two poeple responsible for the model 91 and the (incredible but killed) hawk project, just left pok for the new stc computer company. management reaction: when dave told them he was thinking of leaving they said 'ok. 'one word. 'ok. ' they tried to keep bob by telling him he shouldn't go (the reward system in pok could be a subject of long correspondence). when he left, the management position was 'he wasn't doing anything anyway. '

in some sense true. but we haven't built an interesting high-speed machine in 10 years. look at the 85/165/168/3033/trout. all the same machine with treaks here and there. and the hordes continue to sweep in with faster and faster machines. true, endicott plans to bring the low/middle into the current high-end arena, but then where is the high-end product development?


... snip ... top of post, old email index

trout is code name for what was released mid-80s as 3090
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

some here about "Tandem Memos" in recent post
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

"tandem memos", online computer conference posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

trivia: in later half of 70s, I had gotten involved with effort to do 16 processor 370 multiprocessor and we had con'ed the 3033 processor engineers to work on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than remapping 168-3 logic to 20% faster chips) ... going great guns until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operation system had effective 16-way support (POK doesn't ship 16-way until turn of the century). The head of POK then invites some of us to never visit POK again and tells the 3033 processor engineers, nose to 3033 grindstone. Once the 3033 is out the door, they start on trout/3090.

quick&dirty 3033/3081 projects kicked off in parallel after Future System implodes
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

note there is also ACS/360 ... end of effort when executives were afraid it would advance the state-of-art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market; following also mentions features that show up more than 20yrs later with ES/9000.
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

shortly after joining IBM, the 370/195 group wanted me to help with hyperthreading the ... two instruction streams simulating two processor multiprocessor (see multithreading patents near bottom of the "acs_end" webpage, before the es/9000 side-bar near the bottom). The issue was 195 pipelined stalled/drained with conditional branches ... so most codes only ran at half 195 rated speed ... it was felt two instruction streams (running at half rated speed) could maintain "peak" throughput.

caveat: MVT two-processor 360/65MP (and later two-processor OS/VS2) only claimed to have 1.2-1.5 throughput of single processor (because of the multiprocessor overhead).

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
multiprocessor posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

370/195 two-istream effort got canceled when it was decided to make all 370s "virtual memory" and it was considered not worthwhile to add virtual memory to the 195. trivia: a decade ago, mainframe customer asked me if I could track down decision to make all 370s "virtual memory" ... basically OS/360 MVT storage management was so bad that regions sizes had to be specified four times larger than actual used ... as a result typical 1mbyte 370/165 could only concurrently run four regions ... insufficient to achieve throughput to justify the machine. Mapping MVT to virtual memory could increase the number of concurrent executing regions by factor of four times with little or no paging. old archived afc with pieces of the email exchange (with somebody that reported to IBM executive making the decision):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

other parts of long winded thread in afc:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#71 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#72 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#74 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#81 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#82 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#1 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#2 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#3 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#4 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#5 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#8 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#10 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#11 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#12 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#13 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#14 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#20 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#22 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#25 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#26 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#27 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#29 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#42 Multiple Virtual Memory

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
Date: 07 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
some recent tomes

John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
Martial Arts OODA-loop
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/lynnwheeler_john-boyd-usaf-the-fighter-pilot-who-changed-activity-6807163421579186176-ZO9G/
John Boyd and Innovation Management
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/lynnwheeler_innovation-management-future-activity-6955256629466398720-AkPQ/
Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95
topic drift; recent John Boyd joke: Seventh Day Clausewitzians
https://www.facebook.com/DoctrineMan/photos/a.169913026375190/1059844200715397/

Early 80s email, past archived posts, and some web URLs ... all Boyd related
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

other topic drift

Inventing The Internet
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
some more "internet" background
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
Price Wars and being asked Jan1999 to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed), they had so much money they could handle all our countermeasures
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/price-wars-lynn-wheeler/

IBM corporate/internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

In the referenced posts, I make mention of being at Boeing about same time Boyd was at spook base ... so in the Boeing troubles of last decade, I did some research into what happened.

Downfall: The Case Against Boeing
https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg25333780-400-downfall-the-case-against-boeing-review-tragedy-and-broken-trust/

2016 Boeing 100th anniv article "The Boeing Century"
https://issuu.com/pnwmarketplace/docs/i20160708144953115
included long article "Scrappy start forged a company built to last", has analysis of the Boeing merger with M/D ("A different Boeing") and the disastrous effects that it had on the company ... and even though many of those people are gone, it still leaves the future of the company in doubt. One was the M/D (military-industrial complex) culture of outsourcing to lots of entities in different jurisdiction as part of catering to political interests ... as opposed to focusing on producing quality products ... which shows up in the effects that it had on 787.

Boeing merger w/MD brought with it the financiers' military-industrial complex success of failure culture. The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout
Unlike Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas executives some how took power in what analysts started calling a "reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought Boeing with Boeing's money."

... snip ...

Crash Course
https://newrepublic.com/article/154944/boeing-737-max-investigation-indonesia-lion-air-ethiopian-airlines-managerial-revolution
Sorscher had spent the early aughts campaigning to preserve the company's estimable engineering legacy. He had mountains of evidence to support his position, mostly acquired via Boeing's 1997 acquisition of McDonnell Douglas, a dysfunctional firm with a dilapidated aircraft plant in Long Beach and a CEO who liked to use what he called the Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers: Hire them for a few months when project deadlines are nigh, fire them when you need to make numbers. In 2000, Boeing's engineers staged a 40-day strike over the McDonnell deal's fallout; while they won major material concessions from management, they lost the culture war. They also inherited a notoriously dysfunctional product line from the corner-cutting market gurus at McDonnell.

... snip ...

Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism. Deregulation means a company once run by engineers is now in the thrall of financiers and its stock remains high even as its planes fall from the sky
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/11/boeing-capitalism-deregulation

and then there is: F22 hangar empress (2009)
http://nypost.com/2009/07/17/cant-fly-wont-die/
Pilots call high-maintenance aircraft "hangar queens." Well, the F-22's a hangar empress. After three expensive decades in development, the plane meets fewer than one-third of its specified requirements. Anyway, an enemy wouldn't have to down a single F-22 to defeat it. Just strike the hi-tech maintenance sites, and it's game over. (In WWII, we didn't shoot down every Japanese Zero; we just sank their carriers.) The F-22 isn't going to operate off a dirt strip with a repair tent.

But this is all about lobbying, not about lobbing bombs. Cynically, Lockheed Martin distributed the F-22 workload to nearly every state, employing under-qualified sub-contractors to create local financial stakes in the program. Great politics -- but the result has been a quality collapse.


... snip ...

In 2002 we were tangentially involved in this, but didn't realize until the (success of failure) articles showed up, beltway bandits and gov. contractors making more money off series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

We got a call asking us if we would respond to an unclassified BAA by IC-ARDA (since renamed IARPA) which was about to close (that basically said that none of the tools they had did the job). We get in the response and have some meetings showing that we could do what was required ... and then nothing. We initially wondered why the agency allowed the BAA to be released (if they weren't going to do anything, one conjecture was anticipating that nobody would respond which would help damp down complaints, the person who originally called us apparently had to get a different job). Disclaimer: I don't have clearance, although agencies have used my software back to my undergraduate days in the 60s (I didn't find that out until later, they have since joked about knowing where I'm at every day of my life back to birth).

Success of Failure Posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Boyd talked about trying to get F20/tigershark out the door ... more appropriate for many uses, 1/5th cost of F16, 1/3rd maintenance hrs, more flying hrs per maintenance (combination of more F20s for same amount of money as F16, and more flying hrs, possibly ten times the number in the air ... although these days would be UAV) ... since USAF wouldn't take them, concentrated on foreign market. Later details emerge that F16 forces got congress to appropriate "directed appropriation" USAID (aka in this case could only be spent on F16s) to every candidate country. Foreign countries would sometimes say that the F20 was significantly more appropriate for their needs, but it would "cost" them money, where they could effectively get F16s for "free".

Similar to theme that attacking well established defensive forces, it takes (at least) three times.

... I could relate when Jan1999 I was asked to help try and prevent coming "economic mess" ... and it turned out that (with enough money/influence in congress) they were able to circumvent all countermeasures.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

some past ic-arda baa posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#120 Programming By Committee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#40 After IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#114 Watch Thy Neighbor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#53 The Kill Chain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#68 RDBMS, SQL, QBE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#88 Bizarre Career Events
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#129 Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#54 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#40 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#49 Pentagon harbors culture of revenge against whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#11 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#23 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#101 Nice article about MF and Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#5 NSA Deputy Director: Why I Spent the Last 40 Years In National Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#35 Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#64 Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#96 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#32 (External):Re: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#26 Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter

some specific Boeing troubles posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#64 Massachusetts, Boeing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#91 Short-term profits and long-term consequences -- did Jack Welch break capitalism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#117 Downfall: The Case Against Boeing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#109 Not counting dividends IBM delivered an annualized yearly loss of 2.27%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#69 'Flying Blind' Review: Downward Trajectory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#40 Boeing Built an Unsafe Plane, and Blamed the Pilots When It Crashed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#78 The Long-Forgotten Flight That Sent Boeing Off Course
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#57 "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#87 Congress demands records from Boeing to investigate lapses in production quality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#70 Boeing CEO Said Board Moved Quickly on MAX Safety; New Details Suggest Otherwise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#40 IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#153 At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#151 OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#39 Crash Course
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#33 Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#39 The Roots of Boeing's 737 Max Crisis: A Regulator Relaxes Its Oversight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#20 The Coming Boeing Bailout?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#21 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#58 Failures and Resiliency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#20 The Boeing Century

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
Date: 08 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

lots of practice, developing confidence in their own ability and trust in other members of the organization.

Boyd's "To Be or To Do", frequently referred to mavericks or wild ducks and not "team players".
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
One of Boyd's stories was about Guderian, 1940 "blitzkrieg" and verbal orders only ... he didn't want the people on the spot worrying that detailed written orders would be used in post action reviews, to blame people doing something less than perfect.

also muth's
https://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/
and NOT "industrial age education" ... Industrial Age Education Is a Disservice to Students
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/industrial-age-education-_b_2974297
The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://qz.com/1314814/universal-education-was-first-promoted-by-industrialists-who-wanted-docile-factory-workers/

Boyd would also talk about "Fingerspitzengefuhl" in relation to OODA-loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fingerspitzengef%C3%BChl
related concepts
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fingerspitzengef%C3%BChl#Related_concepts
The concept may be compared to ideas about intuition and neural net programming. The same phenomenon, but conceptualized in a radically different way, seems to be described by D.T. Suzuki in swordsmanship teaching stories recounted in his Zen and Japanese Culture, and given in analytical detail in Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis.[5]

... snip ...

Martial Arts OODA-loop
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/lynnwheeler_john-boyd-usaf-the-fighter-pilot-who-changed-activity-6807163421579186176-ZO9G/

similar to Coup d'oeil
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coup_d%27%C5%93il
and EFBAS
https://slightlyeastofnew.com/2014/12/23/another-candidate-for-ebfas/

... similar, How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers
To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.


... snip ...

update: What Really Makes Toyota's Production System Resilient
https://hbr.org/2022/11/what-really-makes-toyotas-production-system-resilient

Boyd posts & web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
Date: 08 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

re: fingerspitzengeful, note: Boyd would present OODA-loop in terms of fingerspitzengefuhl and emphasize that observations should be made from every possible facet (countermeasure to biases, aka observation, orientation, confirmation, cognitive, etc).

I've suggested Boyd could plausibly have taken 1846 Halleck
https://www.amazon.com/Elements-Military-Instruction-Fortification-Embracing-ebook/dp/B004TPMN16/
loc5019-20:
A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.

... snip ...

changing "see" to "observe" and added "orientation" for experience and learning ... however others say they've seen no evidence that Boyd read Halleck

Boyd would also comment about former military officers were starting to contaminate US corporate culture with their rigid, top-down, command&control structure (& only those at the very top knew what they were doing). Scenario was that at entry to WW2, US has to rapidly deploy millions with little or no skill or experience ... the rigid, top-down, command&control structure was required to leverage the few skilled resources available. Boyd would compare 11% (growing to nearly 20%) US officers to maintain rigid, top-down command&control structure, compared to 3% (or less) for German army. However, this was about the time that articles were starting to appear that business school MBAs were beginning to destroy US companies with their myopic focus on short term results.

Boyd posts & web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

370 virtual memory

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 370 virtual memory
Date: 09 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
account of Evans justification for adding virtual memory to all 370s
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/

A decade ago, a customer asked me if I could track down the decision to make all 370s virtual memory. It turns out that MVT storage management was so bad that regions had to be specified four times larger than nominally used ... as a result a typical 370/165 with 1mbyte of memory would only support four concurrent executing regions ... not sufficient to keep 370/165 busy/justified. Moving to 16mbyte virtual memory would allow increase in number of regions by a factor of four times with little or no paging (helping solve the MVT storage management problems and multitasking sufficient to keep 370/165 busy). Old archived afc post from decade ago:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

.... while I was involved in lots of 370 virtual memory, I didn't know details of decision ... the person I tracked down reported to Evans on his staff.

More (CP67 & VM370) history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP-67
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conversational_Monitor_System
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
https://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VM_(operating_system)

and

http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda#VMHist
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/25paper.pdf
pg9:
Rasmussen consistently portrayed CP-40 as a research project to "help the troops in Poughkeepsie" by studying the behavior of programs and systems in a virtual memory environment. In fact, for some members of the CP-40 team, this was the most interesting part of the project, because they were concerned about the unknowns in the path IBM was taking. TSS was to be a virtual memory system, but not much was really known about virtual memory systems. Les Comeau has written:

Since the early time-sharing experiments used base and limit registers for relocation, they had to roll in and roll out entire programs when switching users....Virtual memory, with its paging technique, was expected to reduce significantly the time spent waiting for an exchange of user programs.

What was most significant was that the commitment to virtual memory was backed with no successful experience. A system of that period that had implemented virtual memory was the Ferranti Atlas computer, and that was known not to be working well. What was frightening is that nobody who was setting this virtual memory direction at IBM knew why Atlas didn't work.23


... snip ...

Before VS2/SVS shipped, I got into big argument with POK performance group about understanding of Least Recently Used (LRU) page replacement algorithm and the "little tweaks" they were doing that effectively invalidated their implementation of LRU. Eventually they said that since there would never be more than five paging operations per second, it wouldn't make any difference anyway. Well into late 70s with MVS, somebody in POK finally pointed out that MVS was (still) selecting high-use, shared linklib pages for replacement before they would select low-used, non-shared application data pages.

trivia: When CP67/CMS was first installed at univ. Jan1968, TSS/360 SE was still around and able to get some univ 360/67 test time on weekends. He and I set up simulated user benchmmark, fortran program edit, compile and executed. CP67/CMS running 35 simulated users had better throughput and response time thatn TSS/360 running four users. I then did a lot of CP67/CMS pathlength optimize and algorithm work. I started with os/360 MFT jobstream that took 322sec, but 856sec under CP67 (CP67 CPU 534sec). After a few months, I had it down to 435secs (CP67 CPU 113sec, down from 534sec). Part of SHARE presentation in fall 1968
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

OS/360 trivia: I had responsibility for os/360 at univ. Student fortran job ran less than second on 709 IBSYS tape->tape. Initial move to OS/360 (360/67 running as 360/65) they ran over minute. I installed HASP, cutting time in half. I then did hand crafted OS/360 sysgens, reordering stage2 to careful order data on disk, optimizing arm seek and PDS directory multi-track searches, cutting another 2/3rds to 12.9sec (it never got better than 709 until I installed WATFOR).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
paging, lru replacement algorithm, optimization, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock
schedule, dynamic adaptive resourcement management posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
FBA, CKD, DASD, multi-track search posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

370 virtual memory

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 370 virtual memory
Date: 09 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory

Ludlow was doing initial MVT VS2/SVS on real 360/67 (I dropped by a time or two when he was working offshift) .. very close/similar to running MVT in CP/67 16mbyte virtual machine. There was little bit of code to build the tables and simple paging (because they anticipated doing little or no actual paging).

Biggest problem (and amount of code) was excp/svc0 with identical problems that cp67 had with virtual machine channel programs ... all the CCWs had virtual addresses. A copy of the passed channel program had to be built with all the virtual addresses replaced with real addresses. For this Ludlow borrowed a copy of the CP67 routine CCWTRANS that performed the function (for hacking into MVT EXCP/SVC0)

Cambridge had joint project with Endicott to implement 370 virtual memory architecture.

My CP67L ran on real 360/67. Then in 360/67 virtual machine, CP67H ran providing both 360 and 370 virtual machines (issue was that Cambridge had staff, profs, students from local boston area univ, using the 'real' CP67 and required extra level of security to prevent details of unannounced 370 virtual memory from leaking). Then in a (CP67H) 370 virtual machine, would run CP67I (modified to run on 370). All in general use a year before 1st virtual memory 370 engineering hardware was operational (a 370/145, in fact CP67I was used to validate the implementation)

CP67I was then running on internal IBM, real 370s for a long time before any other software was operation. Three people from San Jose came out and added 3330 and 2305 device support to CP67I ... which becomes CP67SJ.

Then 370/165 is complaining that it would slip virtual memory announce 6months if it had to implement the full 370 virtual memory architecture ... so 370 architecture was reduced to 370/165 subset and all the other machines and software (already built) had to regress to the 165 subset.

Note: One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters (including online, world-wide, sales&marketing support HONE was long time customer). In the morph from CP67->VM370 lots of stuff was simplified and/or dropped (including multiprocessor support and much of the stuff I had done as undergraduate). I spent much of 1974 adding the CP67 simplified/dropped stuff into VM370 (initially VM370 R2 for internal datacenters).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

During the Future System period
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

lots of 370 efforts were shutdown (or radically reduced). With the implosion of FS, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines (including kick off quick&dirty 3033&3081 in parallel) and a few simplified versions of my CSC/VM Release2 enhancements were included in VM/370 Release 3.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

other recent posts mentioning 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#87 CICS (and other history)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#32 Early EMAIL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#94 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#91 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#80 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#42 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#6 RED and XEDIT fullscreen editors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#61 IBM 360/50 Simulation From Its Microcode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#59 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#18 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#12 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#92 Computer BUNCH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#51 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#89 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#83 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#81 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#80 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#79 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#77 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#76 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#75 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#74 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#73 MVT storage management issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#72 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#71 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#58 Computer Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#55 Precursor to current virtual machines and containers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#12 Programming Skills

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
Date: 09 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#20 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

Couple yrs ago at presentation by commander of growlers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_EA-18G_Growler
He said that proficient A6-prowler pilots
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northrop_Grumman_EA-6B_Prowler

were taking a year to become proficient in Growler digital cockpit (although youngsters that grew up on video games were picking it up faster). Also he observed that pizza with too much salt, or a couple extra drinks, even couple days before going up, was affecting performance.

Also commented that the problem with passing out, they are starting to believe is not plane airflow ... but the design of digital cockpit can so engross the brain ... that it forgets to breathe

John Boyd post and web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some posts mentioning growler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#15 China VSLI Foundry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#95 Finland picks F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#17 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#81 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#54 RR songs, was Re: e50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inventing the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Inventing the Internet
Date: 09 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http:/www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
http:/www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet

Before graduating (and joining IBM), I was hired into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with creating Boeing Computing Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around machine room. Lots of politics between Renton director and CFO ... who only had a 360/30 up at Boeing Field for payroll (although they enlarged it to install a 360/67 for me to play with when I wasn't busy with other stuff)
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/

Within six months of joining IBM, was asked to be a manager. I asked to take the manager's manual home over the weekend to read. Monday I told them that I wouldn't make a good IBM manager ... my experience as manager with people issues was in the parking lot after work; nobody at IBM asked me again (I had worked for hardware store in high school and would periodically be loaned out to contractors, summer after freshman year, I was foreman on construction job with three nine person crews.)

After more than decade at IBM, I had submitted speakup with supporting material that I was drastically underpaid. Got written response from head of HR that after detailed review of my complete career, I was being paid just what I was suppose to be. I then took original, written response and wrote a cover that I was being asked to interview graduating college students for a group that would be working under my technical direction ... and they were being offered 30% more than I was making. I never got a written response but within a few weeks, I got 30% raise. Co-workers would remind me that in IBM, "Business Ethics" was an "oxymoron"

I was told by a number people that tried to make me a fellow, that with 5of6 corporate executive committee wanting to fire me, there was no way it could happen ... and besides the fellow "position" was increasingly becoming political. They did behind the scenes provide me funding for projects, but suppose to keep low profile so executives wouldn't notice. Some discussion in wild ducks post about periodically being told I had no career, promotions or raises at IBM.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

archived posts referencing the linkedin zVM-50th and/or Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#11 Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#67 30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#66 IBM Dress Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#31 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#73 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#69 360/67 & DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#46 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
Date: 09 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#20 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#23 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

Some accident articles are claiming that "distracted driver" (like cellphone) accidents are approaching (or passed) DUI accidents. People working on self-driving cars, claiming that they will eliminate all such accidents.

Some years ago I got into arguments with some F35 supporters (claiming F35 would replace/obsolete all other jets, including growlers radar jamming). Doing some online research, found website that went into some detail that F35 "stealth" was cost reduced assuming F22 would fly cover ... going into some detail about F35 radar signature from different angles and at different frequencies. Also found 2011 article about radar technology that had claim ability to do real-time tracking/targeting of stealth jets required more compute power than was currently available. Early 2015, DOD put export restrictions on certain computer technology. Fall 2015, supercomputer conference, China showed they started building their own supercomputer chips (also used for radar signatures). YE2017, self-driving cars had 100 times the compute power that 2011 radar article said was needed to real-time stealth tracking/targeting.

Then got claim from F35 supporters that I shouldn't be allowed to do those postings (even tho all info was non-classified and came from online). More recently newer generations of radar jamming pods for growlers and F35 strategy for large swarms of F35s firing long-range missiles "over the horizon".

Recent article about GO-AI beating best human players but was recently beat by another AI trained on novice moves (that were't used in training the AI beating the best human players ... and so didn't recognize how it needed to respond).
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2022/11/new-go-playing-trick-defeats-world-class-go-ai-but-loses-to-human-amateurs/

a quote from recent post
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
Gen. James Mattis, USMC (ret.): "Take the mavericks in your service, the ones that wear rumpled uniforms and look like a bag of mud but whose ideas are so offsetting that they actually upset the people in the bureaucracy. One of your primary jobs is to take the risk and protect these people, because if they are not nurtured in your service, the enemy will bring their contrary ideas to you."

... snip ...

John Boyd post and web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some past posts mentioning 2011 radar article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#9 China VSLI Foundry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#101 The US's best stealth jets are pretty easy to spot on radar, but that doesn't make it any easier to stop them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#8 Why Not Use Self-Driving Cars as Supercomputers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#48 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#55 Why Not Use Self-Driving Cars as Supercomputers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#60 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#35 US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#46 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#39 Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#77 Test Pilot Admits the F-35 Can't Dogfight

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inventing the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Inventing the Internet
Date: 10 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet

Kingston supercomputer center was sometime in mid-80s ... possibly grew out of work to add vector to 3090 ... as well as 3090 kludge to support (100mbyte/sec) HIPPI I/O devices on 3090.

In HSDT, 1st part of 80s, we had done a T1 link (initially ran over the internal IBM SBS satellite system) between Los Gatos lab (microwave LSG to SJ plant site and then satellite SJ plant site to Kingston) and Clementi's E&S lab
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enrico_Clementi
(also) in Kingston that eventually had boatload of floating point systems (FPS) boxes (which also included 40mbyte/sec disk arrays)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floating_Point_Systems

Besides HSDT working with NSF director on interconnecting NSF supercomputing centers ... was also working on how many ("Blue Iliad", 1st 32bit) 801/risc chips in a rack and how many racks I could tie together (this was before the HA/CMP effort, "blue iliad" chip never came to production was really large and "hot", and later HA/CMP was with RS/6000 and the RIOS chipset). Later, everytime we were asked to visit a national lab (especially LLNL & LANL) ... we would frequently get some sort of hate mail from the Kingston supercomputer group. Note that the Kingston supercomputer group was backed by IBM EVP. When he retired the end of OCT1991, there was audit of all the projects he was backing. Then there was an announcement for an internal supercomputer conference for JAN1992 ... effectively trolling the company for supercomputing technology. We strongly recommended that nobody from AWD attend.

trivia: old email from 1985, Yorktown was insisting that I attend a one week meeting in Yorktown on cluster computing at same time I was suppose to make presentation for the NSF director.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850312
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850313
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850314
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850325
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850325b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850326
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850402
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email851106

Mentions HSDT/NSF scheduled meeting, then some IBM exec called everybody up canceling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#email860505 http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#email860512
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#email860513

other trivia: I had also been asked to help with the Berkeley 10m telescope people, they were in process of converting from film to CCD and wanted to do remote viewing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#email841121
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850409
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email860519

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

and of course
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

archived:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

370 virtual memory

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 370 virtual memory
Date: 11 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#22 370 virtual memory

TSS/360 single-level-store .. whole filesystem was pagemapped ... everything was data-in-virtual. I then did cms paged mapped filesystem for cp67/cms that was much faster ... claiming I learned what not to do from tss/360 (mentioned in 70s email URLs about CP67->VM370).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

Simpson (hasp fame) was later doing something similar with MFT2 ("RASP") ... os/360 pagemapped/virtual filesystem (see URL ref for discussion of making all 370 virtual memory, later left for Amdahl and redid)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/

Initial MVT to virtual memory was VS2/SVS .. very close to MVT running in CP67 16mbyte virtual machine, keeping (non-virtual) os/360 filesystem. VS1 was similar ... but MFT running in 4mbyte virtual address space ... but also keeping standard os/360 filesystem. VS2/MVS changed to giving each region/app its own 16mbyte virtual address space ... but stuffed with increasing amounts of extra system stuff .. so that by 3033 time frame, virtual space available for application had been reduced to 2-3mbytes and threatening to drop to zero.

64mbyte real with 31bit virtual came along in the nick of time for the grossly bloated MVS.

Burlington had a major problem with the bloated MVS system stuff in every 16mbyte app address space, fortran chip design application (plus libraries) at 7mbytes; special cut-down MVS at minimum 9mbytes for their systems, mostly running chip-design app (however, everytime any changes or enhancements, they kept hitting the 7mb brickwall). We offered VM/CMS which would have allow close to all of the 16mbytes ... however it would have been enormous loss of face for MVS ... especially since the head of POK had recently convinced corporate to kill VM370 product, shutdown the group, transfer all the people to POK for MVS/XA (or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time) ... Endicott did eventually manage to save the VM370 mission, but had to reconstitute dev. group from scratch.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
cms pagemapped filesystem posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

some recent posts mentioning MVS common segment area (CSA) bloating and becoming common system area (CSA)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#55 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#69 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#49 IBM 3033 Personal Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#19 Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#113 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#17 Versatile Cache from IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#70 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#36 IBM S/360 - 370

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NSA to developers: Think about switching from C and C++ to a memory safe programming language

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: NSA to developers: Think about switching from C and C++ to a memory safe programming language
Date: 11 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
NSA to developers: Think about switching from C and C++ to a memory safe programming language
https://www.zdnet.com/article/nsa-to-developers-think-about-switching-from-c-and-c-to-a-memory-safe-programming-language/

frequently pontificating that "C" was major unsafe language ... the first IBM mainframe TCP/IP implementation was done in vs/pascal and had none of the memory vulnerabilities and exploits found in C-language implementations. Something similar was found in MIT Multics implementation in PLI. IBM paper moved here after gone 404 at domino.watson.ibm.com
http://www.acsac.org/2002/papers/classic-multics.pdf
about USAF Multics report from 1974
http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/history/karg74.pdf

I was then trying to do statistics from the nist/mitre CVE database ... and asked mitre if they could request reports to be more exact, reply was they felt lucky in getting any detail at all ... old archived post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#43
following year, NIST came out with similar report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#20

Memory bug posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

370 virtual memory

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 370 virtual memory
Date: 11 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#22 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#27 370 virtual memory

... 370 architecture dropped for 370/165

major one was r/o shared segments ... bit in (each) segment table entry ... as a result it was unique for each virtual address space ... so some address spaces could have r/w access and other address spaces would have r/o access for the same (shared) segment. Other machines had it implemented. VM370/CMS used it for cms shared (segment) r/o data. When it was dropped for 165, had to fall back to real kludge.

posts mentionin dropping 370 virtual memory features for 165
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#95 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#86 History of Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#90 IBM Embraces Virtual Memory -- Finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#36 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#31 REFRPROT History Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#36 390 vector instruction set reuse, was 8-bit bytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#2 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#51 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#41 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#34 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#7 IBM S/360 series operating systems history

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Byte

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Byte
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 14 Nov 2022 09:01:19 -1000
Fred Weigel <fridtjof.martin.weigel@gmail.com> writes:
12 bits b/c a card has 12 punch rows

pre-360, bcd was alphanumerica, small subset of 12 punch row combination.

compatibility with pre-360 cards was "column binary" ... two six-bit "bytes" per column. read/write on 360 ... would (column binary) i/o card with 160 length ... two 360 bytes per column (using just 6bits/byte).

univ. had 709 tape->tape with 1401 "unit record" front-end running MPIO (tape->printer/punch, card read->tape). They were sold a 360/67 for TSS/360, replacing 709/1401. Temporarily pending arrival of 360/67, the 1401 was replaced with 360/30 (which had 1401 emulation mode). I had just taken two credit hr intro to fortran/computers and at the end of the semester I was hired to rewrite 1401 MPIO in 360 assembler (running 360/30 as 360 instead of as 1401). The univ. shutdown the datacenter on weekends and they gave me bunch of software & hardware manuals and I would have the datacenter all to myself over the weekends (although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday classes hard). I got to design & implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, etc. Within a few weeks had 2000 card 360 assembler program.

Later, I assumed it was just exercise in somebody learning 360 (since 1401 MPIO ran just fine on 360/30 in 1401 emulation). Within year of taking intro class, 360/67 came in (replacing 709 & 360/30), TSS/360 never came into production, and I was hired fulltime responsible for OS/360 (and continued to have my dedicated weekend 48hr datacenter time).

2540 reader/punch
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_2540

2540 trivia: univ. class registration was card based. 2540 had five output stackers, two dedicated for reader, two dedicated for punch and middle stacker could feed from both reader and punch. program processing cards would read into middle stacker. punch feed was was loaded with colored striped cards ... if a problem was found with registration card, a blank card would be "punched" into middle stacker behind problem card. There was more than a dozen card trays (2000+ cards/tray). After run would pull each registration card that had a blank colored card behind it (for further processing).

past posts mentioning column binary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#95 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#87 Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#79 Where Would We Be Without the Paper Punch Card?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#44 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#73 Movie Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#72 Movie Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#68 Movie Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#65 Movie Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#152 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#92 curly brace languages source code style quides
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#84 72 column cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#70 History of byte addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#72 1130, was System/3--IBM compilers (languages) available?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#36 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#47 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#77 Usefulness of bidirectional read/write?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#17 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#49 can a program be run withour main memory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#29 Collating on the S/360-2540 card reader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#19 The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#72 ummmmm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#24 "Hollerith" card code to EBCDIC conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#20 HELP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#6 ascii to binary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#79 Mainframe operating systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#59 Living legends
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#13 Old Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#9 ** Old Vintage Operating Systems **
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#4 1401 overlap instructions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM OS/360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM OS/360
Date: 14 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
IBM OS/360
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1797606797261018/

IBM Cambridge Science Center ported APL\360 to CP67/CMS for CMS\APL, increasing APL\360 workspace size from 16k (sometimes 32k) to virtual memory size, redoing storage management for demand page virtual memory and adding APIs for system services (like file i/o), allowing real-world applications. Then Armonk corporate hdqtrs business planners loaded the most valuable corporate data on the CSC CP/67 and wrote APL-based business applications.

About the same time, there was joint project with Endicott to modify CP67 to provide 370 virtual machines (with extended unannounced 370 virtual memory support). It was in regular production use a year before an engineering 370 with hardware virtual memory was operational.

CSC had to show extrenely high security because there were staff, professors and students (from boston area institutions), also using the system (not leaking unannounced 370 virtual memory details and/or IBM corporate business data).

Two of the commercial online CP67/CMS spinoffs from the science center were moving up value stream and offering services to financial industry ... also needed to show high security since competitive wallstreet firms were using the same systems.

also from long ago and far away.
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

I had taken two credit hour intro to fortran/computers. Then end of semester, I got a job rewriting 1401 MPIO for 360/30. The univ. had been sold 360/67 for TSS/360 replacing 709/1401 (709 tape->tape, 1401 unit record front end, tape->printer/punch card reader->tape) and got 360/30 temporarily replacing 1401 pending availability of 360/67. Univ. shutdown datacenter on weekends and I was given a bunch of software & hardware manuals and would have the datacenter dedicated weekends (although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday morning classes hard). I got to design & implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, etc. Within a few weeks had 2000 card 360 assembler program. When 360/67 came in it was used as 360/65 running os/360 (tss/360 never really came to production) and I was hired fulltime responsible for OS/360.

Student fortran jobs ran under second on 709. Initially running on OS/360, they ran over a minute. I installed HASP and cut the time in half. I then started doing custom SYSGENs, rearranging STAGE2 cards to order data on disk for optimizing arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search ... cutting another 2/3rds off the time to 12.9secs. It never got better than 709 until I installed WATFOR.

Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thought Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world (couple hundred million ???), 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room (which also contained one 360/75 that ran classified programs). Lots of conflict between director of the Renton datacenter and Boeing CFO (who only had a small machine room with 360/30 up at Boeing field for payroll, although they enlarged it for 360/67 for me to play with when I wasn't doing other stuff).

re: Boeing/Renton; both the Boeing people and the IBM team told story about day of 360 announce ... Boeing walks into the IBM Boeing marketing rep and presents a 360 order ... that makes the marketing rep the highest compensated IBMer that year. This was back when IBM was still sales commission ... and claim that it was the motivation for IBM converting to "quota" the following year. January of the following year, Boeing makes another large 360 order, giving the marketing rep his quota for the year. IBM then "updates" his quota and he leaves IBM.

other details in recent (linkedin) posts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/

recent archived posts with linkedin zVM-50th reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#27 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#26 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#25 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#11 Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#91 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#74 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#67 30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#66 IBM Dress Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#53 Wednesday Night Round table
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#31 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#85 IBM CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#73 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#69 360/67 & DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#46 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

do some Americans write their 1's in this way ?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: do some Americans write their 1's in this way ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 08:42:42 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
I think most do these days. IBM mainframe memory corrects (IIRC) single-bit errors and detects multiple-bit errors.

more than that for some time, from archived 6sep2001 afc post, 3090 (mid/late 80s) had 64/80 ECC memory, detect (up to) all 16bit errors and correct (up to) all 15bit errors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#13

other trivia: after joining IBM, I got asked to help with 370/195 hyperthreading ... hypertreading mention in this post about end of acs/360
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

195 out-of-order, but no branch-prediction and speculative execution, so conditional branches drained pipeline ... and most codes ran at half 195 rated speed. simulating multiprocessor with two i-streams (running at half rated speed) could keep execution units busy ... modulo MVT/MVS claimed two-processor was 1.2-1.5 throughput of single processor (because of multiprocessor software overhead and lock contention).

they also said that big difference between 360/195 and 370/195 (in addition to the few new instructions) was adding 370 hardware instruction retry ... 195 had so many circuits that mean-time between a system transient hardware error was a few hrs.

project was canceled when decision was made to add virtual memory to all 370s (and it wasn't justified to do it for 195). trivia: decade ago, i was asked if I could track down the virtual memory decision ... archived afc post from decade ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

... basically MVT storage management was so bad that regions had to be specified four times larger than actually used ... result was 1mbyte 370/165 typically only running four concurrent executing regions ... not sufficient to keep it busy/justified. Going to virtual memory would allow number of concurrent regions to be increased by four times with little or no paging.

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

recent posts memntion 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#10 Google Cloud Launches Service to Simplify Mainframe Modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#9 3880 DASD Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#10 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#47 360&370 I/O Channels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#34 Retrotechtacular: The IBM System/360 Remembered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#22 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#12 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#11 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#0 Programming By Committee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#101 IBM 4300, VS1, VM370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#74 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#41 CMSBACK & VMFPLC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#99 CDC6000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#95 IBM Salary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#88 Computer BUNCH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#73 IBM Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#53 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#51 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#50 100 days after IBM split, Kyndryl signs strategic cloud pact with AWS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#1 On why it's CR+LF and not LF+CR [ASR33]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#96 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#87 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#64 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#60 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#41 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#31 370/195

some recent posts mentioning virtual memory decision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#27 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#4 IBM CAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#83 COBOL and tricks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#41 MVS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#7 Vintage Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#91 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#54 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#42 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#97 MVS support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#93 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#61 IBM 360/50 Simulation From Its Microcode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#55 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#51 IBM Spooling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#20 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#18 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#72 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#50 IBM 3033 Personal Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#2 IBM 2250 Graphics Display
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#92 Computer BUNCH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#76 Link FEC and Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#51 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#89 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#74 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#73 MVT storage management issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#58 Computer Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#31 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#10 360/65, 360/67, 360/75

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 08:57:47 -1000
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Obviously, the confusion can be easily enough sorted out.

The IBM 801 is sometimes called the _first_ RISC design. (Michael J. Flynn, who coined SIMD and its cousins, did so.)

And so the designers of the IBM 801 _eventually_ got around to referring to it as a RISC design, in later, retrospective papers. So it isn't true that it "never called itself a RISC" if one doesn't take that in a strictly literal sense.

But then why wouldn't it be called a RISC in the descriptions of it *contemporary* with its origin?

Well, duh.

Maybe it was the guys who came up with the *second* RISC design that coined the *term* RISC?

Oh, indeed it was, since the second RISC design was known as the Berkeley RISC, and the third one was the Stanford MIPS.

The Berkely RISC was also termed RISC-I, and, yes, it is indeed the lineal ancestor of RISC-V, with David Patterson, of Hennessy and Patterson fame, being the one behind it.


I've also claimed that John did 801/risc to go to the opposite extreme of the horribly complex (and failed) Future System project (and that cp/r system and pl.8 language could compensate for the hardware short comings). some FS history
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

other trivia: FS was completely different than IBM 360/370 and was going to completely replace it (some of the complexity motivation was countermeasure to clone i/o controllers). During FS, internal politics was shutdown/killing 370 efforts and the lack of new 370 products is credited with giving (amdahl & other) clone mainframes, their market foothold (attempted countermeasure to clone i/o controllers contributed to the rise of clone mainframes).

note Amdahl had left after IBM killed ACS/360 project .. executives were afraid that it would advance state of the art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

above also mentions hyperthreading patents and some of the acs/360 features showing up more than 20yrs later with es/9000 in the 90s.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe Development Language

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe Development Language
Date: 15 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
back in early days of REX (before renamed REXX and released to customers), I wanted to show REX wasn't just another pretty scripting language. Demo chosen was to redo a large assembler application (problem analysis, dump reader) with ten times the function and running 10 times faster (some slight of hand for interpreted language run faster than assembler) in less than 3 months working half time ... I finished early so started library of automated scripts that search for most common failure signatures.

I had anticipated that it would replace existing app shipped to customers ... for whatever reason they didn't do it (even tho it was in use by nearly every internal datacenter and customer support PSR). I eventually got permission to give presentations on how I did the implementation at user group meetings and within a few months similar (customer) applications started to appear.

dumprx posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

couple years later, had email exchange with the 3090 service processor (3092) group that asked if it would be ok to include it in the 3092.

a few posts mentioning dumprx for the 3090 service processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#7 3880 DASD Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#69 360/67 & DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#2 IBM Games
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#108 System Dumps & 7x24 operation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#5 4361/3092
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#36 Error Handling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#104 DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#84 Happy 50th Birthday, EMAIL!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#24 Programming Languages in IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#61 Virtual Machine Debugging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#55 even an old mainframer can do it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#27 IBM Fan-fold cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#2 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#58 MAINFRAME (4341) History

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360/85

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360/85
Date: 15 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
old archived 85/165/168/3033/trout email (trout becomes 3090) ... about all the machines were the same with slight tweaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#email810423

Early 70s, IBM was doing Future System project that would replace all 370s (and was completely different) ... and internal politics was killing 370 effort (lack of new 370 during the period is credited with giving the clone mainframe makers their market foothold). When FS finally implodes, there is mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

I had gotten involved with a 16processor 370 effort and we had con'ed the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time (a lot more interesting than 3033 remapping 168 logic to 20% faster chips). Everybody thot it was great until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system (MVS) had effective 16processor support (POK doesn't ship 16processor machine until after the turn of the century, over 20yrs later) ... some of us were then invited to never visit POK again and the 3033 processor engineers were told to keep their noses to the 3033 grindstone and don't be distracted (I would still sneak back into POK). Once the 3033 is out the door, the 3033 processor engineers start on trout/3090

posts mentioning future system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
multiprocessor support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360/85

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360/85
Date: 15 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#35 360/85

I've pontificate that originally, 360s had relative more I/O resources than processor and real storage ... so got CKD that allowed offloading stuff to I/O (like multi-track searches). By the mid-70s that trade-off started to invert ... and early 80s I was claiming that disk relative system throughput had declined by a factor of ten times between 360 announce and early 80s (disks got 3-5 times faster, processor and memory resources increased 40-50 times). A disk division executive took exception to the claims and assigned the division performance group to refute the claim. They came back after a few weeks and basiqcally said I had slightly understated the problem. They then respun the analysis into a presentation at share on how to configure disks for improved system throughput. 16Aug1984 SHARE63, presentation B874. more discussion in this recent posts
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1690693904618975/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
some recent archived
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#87 CICS (and other history)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#0 Mainframe Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#49 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#48 360&370 I/O Channels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#22 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#77 Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#92 Processor, DASD, VTAM & TCP/IP performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory

this is somewhat related to the motivation for make all 370s "virtual memory" ... that MVT storage management was so bad that region sizes had to be specified four times larger than used ... a typical 1mbyte 370/165 would only have space for four concurrently executing regions, insufficient to keep 165 utilized/justified. Moving to virtual memory could increase number of regions by a factor of four times with little or no paging ... aka lot more overlapped execution with disk I/O. Archived post from decade ago that has pieces of email with person on the staff of executive making decision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73
more discussion here
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
some recent archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#32 do some Americans write their 1's in this way ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#27 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#4 IBM CAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#83 COBOL and tricks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#41 MVS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#7 Vintage Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#91 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#54 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#42 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#97 MVS support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#93 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#61 IBM 360/50 Simulation From Its Microcode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#55 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#51 IBM Spooling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#20 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#18 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#72 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#50 IBM 3033 Personal Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#2 IBM 2250 Graphics Display
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#92 Computer BUNCH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#76 Link FEC and Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#51 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#89 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#74 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#73 MVT storage management issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#58 Computer Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#31 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#10 360/65, 360/67, 360/75

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360/85

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360/85
Date: 16 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#35 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#36 360/85

How AMD, Intel, Nvidia are keeping their cores from starving. Chips are only as fast as the memory that feeds them
https://www.theregister.com/2022/11/14/amd_intel_nvidia_ram_bandwidth/

... analysis is that memory latency, when measured in number of processor cycles, is at least as large as 60s disk access, when measured in 60s processor cycles. Things like multi-threading and out-of-order execution (to help mask cache miss and memory latency) is similar to 60s multi-tasking ... overlapping execution while waiting for disk i/o.

some past posts mentioning 60s disk/processor latency similar to memory/processor latency this century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#22 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#6 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#77 Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#58 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#102 MIPS chart for all IBM hardware model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#63 IBM 3330 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#12 IBM mainframe today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#11 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#46 Temporary Data Sets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#101 SEX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#48 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#13 follow up to dense code definition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#98 A Christmassy PL/I tale
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#92 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#91 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#36 z/OS Operating System size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#68 Raspberry Pi 3?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#27 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#101 This new 'skyscraper' chip could make computers run 1,000 times faster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#106 [CM] How ENIAC was rescued from the scrap heap
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#5 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#51 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#2 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#103 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#29 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#20 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Christmas 1989

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Christmas 1989
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 16 Nov 2022 07:57:39 -1000
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
If the choice is restricted to "ordinary" computers - not an IBM mainframe or a Cray supercomputer - in hindsight, a 486 would of course be the wisest choice.

I was posting SJMN sunday adverts on internal IBM forums showing prices significantly cheaper than IBM Boca/PS2 predictions. Then had of Boca contracted with Dataquest (since bought by Gartner) to do study of future of PC ... including several hr video taped round table of silicon valley experts. The responsible person at Datquest I had known for a number of years and asked me to be one of the experts ... and promised to garble my identity so Boca wouldn't recognize me as an IBM employee.

note fall 88 , clone makers on the other side of the pacific, had built up large inventory of 286 machines for the xmas season ... and then Intel announce 386sx (386sx consolidated lots of chips needed for 286 build) and the market/prices drops out of the 286.

some old afc posts ... includes some reports on killer micros taking over mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#79 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#80 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#81 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#82 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)

i386 & 486
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I386
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/486DX

other past posts mentioning dataquest study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#53 IBM Personal Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#89 Silicon Valley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#0 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#113 IBM PS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#23 IBM "Breakup"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#94 What would Klinger look like in business attire?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#46 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#26 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#24 IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#20 9th Feb 2014
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#69 Intel's Future is integrated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#6 Houses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#5 Houses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#21 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Teddy Bear

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Teddy Bear
Date: 16 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
IBM SHARE mainframe user group, history and user group teddy bear
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda#VMHist

VM Mascot
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VM_(operating_system)#VM_mascot
In the early 1980s, the VM group within SHARE (the IBM user group) sought a mascot or logo for the community to adopt. This was in part a response to IBM's MVS users selecting the turkey as a mascot (chosen, according to legend, by the MVS Performance Group in the early days of MVS, when its performance was a sore topic). In 1983, the teddy bear became VM's de facto mascot at SHARE 60, when teddy bear stickers were attached to the nametags of "cuddlier oldtimers" to flag them for newcomers as "friendly if approached". The bears were a hit and soon appeared widely.[32] Bears were awarded to inductees of the "Order of the Knights of VM", individuals who made "useful contributions" to the community.[33][34]

... snip ...

trivia, I'm one of the original "Knights of VM"
http://mvmua.org/knights.html
... as well as the mainframe hall of fame
https://www.enterprisesystemsmedia.com/mainframehalloffame
added 2010
https://web.archive.org/web/20170726211623/http://enterprisesystemsmedia.com/article/mainframe-hall-of-fame-four-new-members-added

MVS trivia (MVS song sung at SHARE HASP sing-along)
http://www.mxg.com/thebuttonman/boney.asp
from above:
Words to follow along with... (glossary at bottom)

If it IPL's then JES won't start,
And if it gets up then it falls apart,
MVS is breaking my heart,
Maybe things will get a little better in the morning,
Maybe things will get a little better.
The system is crashing, I'm having a fit,
and DSS doesn't help a bit,
the shovel came with the debugging kit,
Maybe things will get a little better in the morning,
Maybe things will get a little better.
Work Your Fingers to the Bone and what do you get?
Boney Fingers, Boney Fingers!

from glossary

$4K - MVS was the first operating system for which the IBM Salesman got a $4000 bonus if he/she could convince their customer to install VS 2.2 circa 1975. IBM was really pissed off that this fact became known thru this


... snip ...

post mentioning (MVS) "turkey" and/or "bony fingers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#41 MVS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#34 Vintage Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#97 MVS support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#122 SHARE LSRAD Report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#81 IBM Fridays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#25 IBM Acronyms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#92 MVS Boney Fingers

this was about the time that CERN presented a paper on comparison of MVS/TSO and VM370/CMS ... copies freely available outside IBM ... inside IBM copies were stamped "IBM Confidential - Restricted" (available on need to know basis only, aka limiting IBMers that saw it conflicted with MVS marketing info). Note not long later, Future System project imploded and mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 3033&3081 projects in parallel. Also head of POK managed to convince corporate to kill the VM370 product, shutdown the development group and transfer all the people to POK for MVS/XA (claim was otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time) .... note that Endicott managed to save the VM370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch

re: head of POK "killing" VM370 product ... they weren't planning on telling the VM people until the very last minute in order to minimize the number of people that might escape the move ... however the information leaked early and numerous managed to escape IBM (and stay in the boston area, one joke was the head of POK was a major contributor the DEC VAX/VMS product). There was also a witch hunt for the person that leaked the shutdown/move, fortunately for me ... nobody gave up the leaker.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

recent posts mentioning killing VM370 product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#27 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#17 What's different, was Why did Dennis Ritchie write that UNIX was a modern implementation of CTSS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#86 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#60 VM/370 Turns 50 2Aug2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#56 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#55 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#101 IBM 4300, VS1, VM370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#98 Virtual Machine SIE instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#55 Precursor to current virtual machines and containers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#33 138/148
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#29 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#49 VM/SP crashing all over the place
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#4 IBM 370 and Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#53 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#75 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#57 ES/9000 as POK was being scaled way back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#39 If Memory Had Been Cheaper

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe Development Language

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe Development Language
Date: 17 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#34 Mainframe Development Language

First part of 80s, a co-worker at IBM San Jose Research leaves and is doing a lot of contracting work in silicon valley (Fortran for HSPICE vendor and mainframe support for major VLSI chip shop). He does a lot of fixes and enhancements to the AT&T C for mainframe and was porting BSD VLSI tools to the mainframe (and his C work was licensed to a mainframe ship ... which was in turn licensed by IBM). One day the local IBM marketing rep stops by and asks him what he was doing. He tells him, mainframe ethernet support so they can use SGI graphics terminals with backend mainframe. The IBM marketing rep then tells him he should be doing token-ring support instead, or the customer might find their mainframe maintenance not as timely as in the past. I then get a phone call and have to listen to an hour of four-letter words. The next morning, the executive vice president of engineering has a press conference where they are moving completely off IBM mainframes to SUN servers. IBM then has a number of task forces to investigate why silicon valley wasn't using mainframes (but weren't allowed to look at some of the real reasons).

Los Gatos VLSI group was using MetaWare's TWS for various languages ... including doing Pascal which was used for implementing VLSI tools (also morphs in VS/Pascal product for both mainframe and rs/6000). Two people doing much of the language work, leave IBM ... one for MetaWare. I had been doing some stuff with Palo Alto on the BSD (Berkeley UNIX) port to 370 and suggested they contract with MetaWare for a 370 "C" compiler. Before 370 BSD ships ... the group gets redirected to instead port BSD to the PC/RT (801/risc) workstation ... and the Palo Alto group has MetaWare do a "C" for the PC/RT (for what becomes "AOS", alternative to AIX).

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

In the 90s during IBM troubles when IBM was unloading a bunch of stuff ... including a lot of VLSI tools to industry standard vendor, but was required to have everything run on SUN (since that was the standard industry platform) ... I get a contract (had already left IBM) to port a LSG Pascal/VS 50,000 statement VLSI design tool to SUN. I have lots of problems with SUN Pascal ... claiming that it didn't appear to have been used for anything other than student programs at educational institutions (I could drop by SUN hdqtrs with the problems but they had out-sourced Pascal support to an operation on opposite side of the earth in "Space City", so even trivial discussions had 24hr turn around). As it turned out, it would have been easier to rewrite in "C" than the port to SUN pascal.

VS/Pascal was also used to implement IBM's mainframe TCP/IP support ... but release was fought by the communication group ... when they lost, they changed their tactic that since they had corporate "ownership" for everything that crossed datacenter walls, it had to be released through them. What shipped used nearly whole 3090 processor getting aggregate of 44kbytes/sec. I then do the enhancements for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, get sustained channel speed throughput using only nominal amount of 4341 CPU (getting something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed). Several times over the years I've pointed out that the Pascal implementation had none of the memory vulnerabilities/exploits of the C-language implementations ... including recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#28 NSA to developers: Think about switching from C and C++ to a memory safe programming language
with this article
https://www.zdnet.com/article/nsa-to-developers-think-about-switching-from-c-and-c-to-a-memory-safe-programming-language/

RFC1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
Memory bug posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

some (other) recent posts mentioning metaware and/or vs/pascal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#6 "In Defense of ALGOL"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#22 STL & other San Jose facilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#13 COBOL and tricks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#82 ROMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#100 IBM PLI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#69 MTS, 360/67, FS, Internet, SNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#27 Programming Languages in IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#26 Programming Languages in IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#24 Programming Languages in IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#23 Programming Languages in IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#47 vs/pascal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#45 not a 360 either, was Design a better 16 or 32 bit processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#37 IBM Programming Projects
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#31 IBM Programming Projects
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#6 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#5 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#95 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#37 IBM HA/CMP Product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#19 What is a mainframe?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Christmas 1989

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Christmas 1989
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 17 Nov 2022 12:38:20 -1000
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
It was indeed poor marketing. The joke at the time was that if Commodore made sushi, they would market it as "cold dead fish".

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#38 Christmas 1989

previously posted
Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars
and has graph of personal computer sales 1975-1980
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/3
and graph from 1980 to 1984 ... with the only serious competitor to PC in number of sales was commodore 64
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/4
and then from 1984 to 1987 the ibm pc (and clones) starting to completely swamp
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/5


past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#33 IBM/PC 12Aug1981
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#137 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#28 XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#103 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#68 The Rise and Fall of Commodore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#5 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#76 Why Didn't Digital Catch the Wave?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#63 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 17 Nov 2022 12:51:18 -1000
Thomas Koenig <tkoenig@netcologne.de> writes:
Why not increase the price for the high end machines? Was there no real incentive for customers to buy them?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#33 computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics

this has some about 60s
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html
As the quote above indicates, the ACS-1 design was very much an out-of-the-ordinary design for IBM in the latter part of the 1960s. In his book, Data Processing Technology and Economics, Montgomery Phister, Jr., reports that as of 1968:

Of the 26,000 IBM computer systems in use, 16,000 were S/360 models (that is, over 60%). [Fig. 1.311.2]

Of the general-purpose systems having the largest fraction of total installed value, the IBM S/360 Model 30 was ranked first with 12% (rising to 17% in 1969). The S/360 Model 40 was ranked second with 11% (rising to almost 15% in 1970). [Figs. 2.10.4 and 2.10.5]

Of the number of operations per second in use, the IBM S/360 Model 65 ranked first with 23%. The Univac 1108 ranked second with slightly over 14%, and the CDC 6600 ranked third with 10%. [Figs. 2.10.6 and 2.10.7]

Richard DeLamarter in Big Blue reproduces an undated IBM profit table that indicates that the "system profit" for the S/360 Model 30 was 32% and for the Model 40 was 35%. The "system profit" for the Model 65 was 24%, and the Models 75 and 85 were lumped together at a negative 17% (that is, a loss). [Table 20, p. 98] Thus, the business trend was that the low-end to mid-range S/360 computers were where IBM was making its profits.


... snip ...

other recent past posts mentioning "end of ACS/360"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#32 do some Americans write their 1's in this way ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#2 360/91
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#22 3081 TCMs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#109 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#54 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#61 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#99 IBM Stretch (7030) -- Aggressive Uniprocessor Parallelism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#34 Retrotechtacular: The IBM System/360 Remembered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#19 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#12 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#107 TCMs & IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#99 CDC6000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#88 Computer BUNCH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#51 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#77 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#74 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#60 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#31 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#119 70s & 80s mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#116 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#105 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#46 Transaction Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#113 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#93 IBM 3278
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#76 IBM 370 and Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#70 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#68 MTS, 360/67, FS, Internet, SNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#66 IBM ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#3 IBM Lost Opportunities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#79 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#77 IBM ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#75 IBM ITPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#51 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#51 Intel rumored to be in talks to buy chip manufacturer GlobalFoundries for $30B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#5 IBM's 18-month company-wide email system migration has been a disaster, sources say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#67 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#66 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#35 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#33 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#28 IBM 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#9 IBM 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#57 ES/9000 as POK was being scaled way back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#39 IBM Tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973 ARPANET Map

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 1973 ARPANET Map
Date: 17 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
1973 ARPANET Map
https://www.facebook.com/groups/internetoldfarts/posts/667403504906871/

lincoln 360/67 in upper right is running CP67/CMS from IBM science center (lincoln was 2nd CP67 installation after cambridge itself; trivia some of the 7094/CTSS people went to 5th flr for multics, others went to science center on 4th flr) ... RFC10 29july1969 has two members from lincoln labs, couple other early RFCs mentioning Lincoln RFC43, RFC100, RFC109. Recent (old farts). post here mentioning science center
https://www.facebook.com/groups/internetoldfarts/permalink/658391949141360/
related:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

I was at undergraduate and univ fulltime employee responsible for IBM system software, when three people came out to install CP67/CMS Jan1968 ... making univ. the 3rd CP67 installation.

trivia: 1jan1983 cutover to internetworking, there were approx. 100 IMPs and 255 hosts ... while corporate internal network was about to pass 1000 hosts. old archived post with list of world-wide corporate locations that would added one or more hosts during 1983:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8
Big gov. issue was corporate requirement that all links be encrypted ... especially difficult when links cross country borders.

couple recent (archived) posts referencing inventing the internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360/85

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360/85
Date: 18 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#35 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#36 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#37 360/85

some CP-40 from VM/370 history paper
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda#VMHist
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/25paper.pdf
pg9:
Rasmussen consistently portrayed CP-40 as a research project to "help the troops in Poughkeepsie" by studying the behavior of programs and systems in a virtual memory environment. In fact, for some members of the CP-40 team, this was the most interesting part of the project, because they were concerned about the unknowns in the path IBM was taking. TSS was to be a virtual memory system, but not much was really known about virtual memory systems. Les Comeau has written:

Since the early time-sharing experiments used base and limit registers for relocation, they had to roll in and roll out entire programs when switching users....Virtual memory, with its paging technique, was expected to reduce significantly the time spent waiting for an exchange of user programs.

What was most significant was that the commitment to virtual memory was backed with no successful experience. A system of that period that had implemented virtual memory was the Ferranti Atlas computer, and that was known not to be working well. What was frightening is that nobody who was setting this virtual memory direction at IBM knew why Atlas didn't work.23


... snip ...

archived post from 2017 (usenet) afc thread about ferranti atlas paging with chilton-computing refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#85
including description of atlas 1-level (single-level) store
http://www.chilton-computing.org.uk/acl/pdfs/atlas-1-level.pdf
other posts in the thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#83
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#87
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#88

posts mentioning paging, page replacement algorithms, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock
posts mentioning doing memory/page CP67/CMS mapped filesystem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

posts/threads mentioning atlas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#54 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#20 CP-67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#71 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#47 The Stack Depth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#37 S/360 architecture, was PDP-10 system calls
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#81 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#79 IBM Floating-point myths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#77 IBM Floating-point myths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#54 new 40+ yr old, disruptive technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#64 CSA 'above the bar'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#51 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#30 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#4 Robert Creasy, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#1 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#72 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#42 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#10 VM: checking some myths.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#78 TSS ancient history, was X86 ultimate CISC? designs)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Christmas 1989

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Christmas 1989
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 18 Nov 2022 10:40:07 -1000
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
However IBM published every detail of the PC (and AT) and the market for a cheap IBM workalike was so obvious that it exploded almost instantly and became brutally competitive. Then the chipsets appeared making PC and AT clones really easy (and cheap) to make. The 80386 delivered the final nail in the coffin for everything else but by then there wasn't much left to kill apart from the Apple who took some important niches and hung on. After the 80386 the PC design started to take over the data centre starting with minis - which by then were mostly unix boxes. The BSDs and Linux accelerated that process dramatically (wot no license fee).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#38 Christmas 1989
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#41 Christmas 1989

a couple years ago there was analysis of IBM revenue ... mainframe hardware had dropped to couple percent of revenue ... but the mainframe group was 25 percent of revenue (and 40% of profit, effectively all software and services).

recent posts mentioning Mainframe group 40% of profit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#68 Security Chips and Chip Fabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#12 What is IBM SNA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#10 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#71 FedEx to Stop Using Mainframes, Close All Data Centers By 2024
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#45 IBM Chairman John Opel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#35 IBM 37x5 Boxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#70 IBM Z16 - The Mainframe Is Dead, Long Live The Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#5 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#111 Financial longevity that redhat gives IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#98 IBM Systems Revenue Put Into a Historical Context
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#63 Mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#54 Automated Benchmarking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#120 Computer Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#18 IBM email migration disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#3 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#35 Transition to cloud computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#19 IBM assembler over the ages

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New FTX CEO says he's never seen 'complete failure' of corporate controls in his career, including at Enron

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: New FTX CEO says he's never seen 'complete failure' of corporate controls in his career, including at Enron
Date: 18 Nov, 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
New FTX CEO says he's never seen 'complete failure' of corporate controls in his career, including at Enron
https://abcnews.go.com/Business/ftx-ceo-complete-failure-corporate-controls-career-including/story?id=93488990

Rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing they increased after SOX is passed (and nobody doing jailtime). Joke was SOX was fabrication/facade for the public and because congress felt bad for Enron's auditor that went out of business, they significantly increased audit requirements as a gift to the audit industry.

Gramm, #2 on time's list of those responsible for economic mess (2001-2008)
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
Now better known for GLBA and repeal of Glass-Steagall (enabling Too Big To Fail), but on the list for legislation blocking regulation of CDS gambling bets (derivatives). Born, CFTC chair, suggested regulating derivatives. Gramm's wife replaces Born, then resigns to join Enron board (and audit committee).
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxle
Pecora &/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
Too Big To Fail (too-big-to-prosecute, too-big-to-jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
Date: 19 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
In Memoriam: Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. -- a Personal Recollection
https://circleid.com/posts/20221119-in-memoriam-frederick-p-brooks-jr-a-personal-recollection

Account of Amdahl leaving IBM after ACS/360 was canceled because executives felt it would advance state-of-art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market:
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

more acs (including ES/9000 more than 20yrs later)
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/acs.html
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_legacy.html
spread of superscalar concept branch target buffer register renaming direct descendant for ACS/360 appears to be ES/9000 Model 520

... snip ...

my recent tome on later executives destroying watson legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 19 Nov 2022 15:27:33 -1000
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
The 370 and subsequent 30xx and 43xx gave more performanmce at the same price.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#33 computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#42 computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics

in the wake of the future system project (completely different than 370 and was going to completely replace, during which 370 efforts were being shutdown ... lack of new 370 was credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold) failure, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... including kicking off the quick&dirty 303x and 3081 efforts in parallel.

they took 158-3 engine with just the integrated channel microcode external channels. a 3031 was two 158-3 engines, one with just 370 microcode and 2nd was just the integrated channel microcode. A 3032 was 168-3 tweaked to use the 158-3 integrated channel as external channels. A 3033 started out with 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips. lots more on future system, 3033, and 3081 (compared to amdahl)
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
The 370 emulator minus the FS microcode was eventually sold in 1980 as as the IBM 3081. The ratio of the amount of circuitry in the 3081 to its performance was significantly worse than other IBM systems of the time; its price/performance ratio wasn't quite so bad because IBM had to cut the price to be competitive. The major competition at the time was from Amdahl Systems -- a company founded by Gene Amdahl, who left IBM shortly before the FS project began, when his plans for the Advanced Computer System (ACS) were killed. The Amdahl machine was indeed superior to the 3081 in price/performance and spectaculary superior in terms of performance compared to the amount of circuitry.]
... aka, Amdahl single processor had about same throughput as two processor 3081, and Amdahl two processor had better throughput than four processor 3084.

Account of Amdahl leaving IBM after ACS/360 was canceled because executives felt it would advance state-of-art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market:
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

more acs/360 (including ES/9000 more than 20yrs later)
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/acs.html
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_legacy.html
spread of superscalar concept branch target buffer register renaming direct descendant for ACS/360 appears to be ES/9000 Model 520

... snip ...

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

I was running early engineering 4341 and jan1979 got con'ed into doing benchmarks for national lab that was looking at getting 70 for a compute farm (sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomuting tsunami). Large corporations were also making orders of 100-1000 4341s for placing out in departmental areas (sort of leading edge of the coming departmental computing tsunami).

A cluster of five 4341s was much cheaper than 3033, had higher aggregate throughput, and significantly smaller footprint and environmentals. At one point, head of POK lab (maker of 3033) felt so threatened that he managed to convince corporate to cut Endicott lab (maker of 4341) allocation of critical 4341 manufacturing component in half.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 19 Nov 2022 15:47:11 -1000
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
... aka, Amdahl single processor had about same throughput of two processor 3081, and Amdahl two processor had better throughput than four processor 3084.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#33 computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#42 computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#48 computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics

actually, I should qualify that ... single processor Amdahl had about same MIP rate as two processor 3081 aggregate MIP rate ... however IBM "MVS" operating system documentation quoted a two processor system only having 1.2-1.5 the throughput of single processor (because of multiprocessor software overhead). A two processor Amdahl had higher aggregate MIP rate than four processor 3084 (because of cross-cache interface from three other processors rather than one other processor) and significantly higher throughput (combination of both hardware and software 4-processor overhead).

trivia: in the wake of FS failure, I had gotten involved in doing a 16-processor, tightly-coupled (shared memory) multiprocessor and we had con'ed the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time, a lot more interesting that remapping 168-3 logic to 20% faster chips. It was going great guns until somebody told the head of POK, that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system (MVS) had effective 16-way support (POK didn't ship 16-way until after turn of century). The head of POK then invited some of us to never visit POK again ... and directed the 3033 processor engineers to only focus on the 3033.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
multiprocessor support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SystemView

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: SystemView
Date: 19 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Mid-80s, I was con'ed into running project to do type1 release of a baby bell implementation of VTAM/NCP on series/1 ... with plans for later release on what would be rs/6000. They also had a graphical network monitor/management package. There was all sorts of things done to wall off the dirty tricks of the communication group; what happened next could only be described as truth is stranger than fiction ... and somehow the communication group had acquired rights to the graphical network package (and series/1 effort was trashed). Part of fall 1986 presentation I had made at a SNA ARB meeting in Raleigh:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
part of baby bell presentation at spring 1986 COMMON user group meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

communication group were constantly saying that the ARB comparison wasn't valid ... however the 3725 NCP/VTAM numbers came from the communication group configurator on HONE and the series/1 numbers came from the real life baby bell deployment.

misc. recent archived posts mentioning the project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#32 IBM 37x5 Boxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#79 Peer-Coupled Shared Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#102 370/158 Integrated Channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#120 Series/1 VTAM/NCP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#115 Peer-Coupled Shared Data Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#87 IBM and Internet Old Farts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#14 IBM SNA ARB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#83 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#2 IBM Series/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#91 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#114 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#109 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#106 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#52 Series/1 NCP/VTAM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#2 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#34 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#94 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#2 Frank Heart Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#109 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#93 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#52 IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#99 Boca Series/1 & CPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#90 pneumatic cash systems was Re: [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
Date: 20 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#20 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#23 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#25 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd

Computer equivalent to parallel, asynchronous OODA ... is the multiprocessor/multicore computer "holy grail" ... for a parallel programming language that can easily be used by population that is only familiar with sequential, synchronous operation. Example from more than decade ago:

Intel's server chip chief knocks Itanium, Gates and AMD
https://www.theregister.com/2006/06/08/intel_gelsinger_stanford?page=2
Microsoft super sizes multi-threaded tripe
https://www.theregister.com/2007/05/01/mundie_mundie/
Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
https://developers.slashdot.org/story/07/05/29/0058246/is-parallel-programming-just-too-hard

It is analogous to Toyota being able to distribute problem solving paradigm to all parts of the organization from the highest to the lowest ... and not having the words and mental abstractions to describe it. I had found computer parallel, asynchronous very natural in my first intro to computer class and then after taking the class, univ hires me as programmer and within a year of taking the class, hires me fulltime responsible for their IBM mainframe systems. Then nearly two decades later being introduced to John Boyd ... I found parallel asynchronous OODA also a natural concept. In briefings, Boyd would talk about former military officers, steeped, in rigid, top-down, command and control (i.e. sequential, synchronous) starting to contaminate US corporate culture (not parallel, asynchronous OODA). ... Toyoto reference
https://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

Boyd posts and web references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
multiprocessing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

some parallel programming holy grail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#52 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#7 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#175 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#123 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#119 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#85 Parallel programming may not be so daunting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#48 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#91 Difference between fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#77 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#44 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#48 Difference between fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#36 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#15 Why do people say "the soda loop is often depicted as a simple loop"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#21 Eurofighter v F16
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#8 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#9 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#62 Problem with XP scheduler?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#26 What is the biggest IT myth of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#44 Are multicore processors driving application developers to explore multithreaded programming options?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#42 Panic in Multicore Land
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 20 Nov 2022 17:15:18 -1000
Thomas Koenig <tkoenig@netcologne.de> writes:
What was the plan for the operating software? VM?

And would it have been possible to run software on multiple cores, and which software?


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#33 computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#42 computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#48 computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#49 computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics

Charlie had done a lot of work on CP67 multiprocessor fine-grain multiprocessor locking. In the morph of CP67->VM370 they dropped and/or simplified a lot of stuff (including a lot of kernel fastpath, dynamic adaptive resource management and other stuff I had done as undergraduate as well as multiprocessors support.) I spent much of 1974 putting a lot of it back into VM370 and then light-weight kernel threads for multiprocessor.

SMP/multiprocessor posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

I had some benchmarks of standard 370 two-processor showing twice throughput of single processor (compared to 2-processor MVS showing 1.2-1.5 times throughput of single processor, including kernel spending a lot of time in spinlocks). Start of 1975, I was asked to do something for a five processor 370 (by the group in boeblingen that never shipped) and then got involved in 16 processor 370 project.

"bouce locks" (instead of spinlock) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce

The original sql/relational implementation was System/R ... early work done on vm370 370/145. They wanted to be able to run System/R with VM370 multi-threading ... basically multiple adderss spaces with large portions of the address spaces shared (both r/o and r/w shared segments called DWSS, also enabled different address spaces/thread concurrently on different processors, if available). This is part what we sent to Endicott for what became SQL/DS ... but Endicott wanted SQL/DS to *NOT* require VM370 changes (so that feature got dropped).

system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

It almost got shipped in the early 80s as simulated unix fork support, part of porting BSD to VM370 ... but before it was ready to ship, the group got redirected to do the BSD port to PC/RT workstation instead (as "AOS" alternative to AIX).

trivia: I had an internal technology conference spring 82 and one of the pitches was about BSD->mainframe ... old archive post (mentions previous adtech conference in the 70s where we presented 16-way 370 and the 801 group presented 801/risc).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a

the above mentions dearth of "advance technology" efforts before 1982. Issue was during Future System period, 370 efforts were being shutdown. Then with implosion of Future System and mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... much of the company adtech groups were thrown into the 370 development breach (which took awhile to recover).

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Is Focused on Regulating Private Equity Like Never Before

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US Is Focused on Regulating Private Equity Like Never Before
Date: 22 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
US Is Focused on Regulating Private Equity Like Never Before. An industry that has long escaped scrutiny in Washington has found agencies slow-walking deals and enforcing long-dormant competition laws.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-11-22/private-equity-regulation-becomes-biden-administration-focus

... the industry had gotten such a bad reputation during the S&L Crisis that they changed the industry name to private equity and "junk bonds" became "high-yield bonds". I remember a TV business interview where the moderator was repeatedly saying "junk bonds" and the guest was repeatedly saying "high-yield bonds".

Private equity analogy to house flipping ... except they put "mortgage" on the company books, extract every cent out of the company and then can flip for less money than they paid (because they don't have to pay off the loan), and still walk away with enormous amounts of money. Over half corporate defaults are companies currently or formally in private equity mill (for some reason the defaults never seem to affect the credit rating of the original private equity borrowers)
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

When Private Equity Takes Over a Nursing Home. After an investment firm bought St. Joseph's Home for the Aged, in Richmond, Virginia, the company reduced staff, removed amenities, and set the stage for a deadly outbreak of COVID-19.
https://www.newyorker.com/news/dispatch/when-private-equity-takes-over-a-nursing-home

The Origin of Student Debt: Reagan Adviser Warned Free College Would Create a Dangerous "Educated Proletariat". In 1970 Roger Freeman, who also worked for Nixon, revealed the right's motivation for coming decades of attacks on higher education.
https://theintercept.com/2022/08/25/student-loans-debt-reagan/
Freeman's remarks were reported the next day in the San Francisco Chronicle under the headline "Professor Sees Peril in Education." According to the Chronicle article, Freeman said, "We are in danger of producing an educated proletariat. ... That's dynamite! We have to be selective on who we allow [to go to college]."

... snip ...

AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO (reverse IPO) of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president to help with RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM has one of the largest losses in US company history and was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. Th Board hires former president of AMEX as new CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same tactics used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
above some IBM related specifics from
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

... then former AMEX president leaves IBM to head up another major private equity company, private equity found buying up beltway bandits and gov. contractors (that become involved in success of failure culture) and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource gov to their companies (there is law against companies using gov. contract money to lobby congress, but apparently it is "laundered" when money is pushed up to private-equity owners) ... including buying company that will employ Snowden
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

private equity significantly cutting the expenses to maximize their revenue, private equity owned companies doing gov. security clearances were found to be filling out the paper work, but not actually doing background checks, private equity gov. intelligence companies becoming 70% of budget and half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

also the rise of the success of failure culture, a series of failures resulting in more contracts for the private equity owned companies.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
S&L Crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
posts referencing pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Tue, 22 Nov 2022 13:53:46 -1000
Stephen Fuld <sfuld@alumni.cmu.edu.invalid> writes:
Remember, most of IBM's customers were businesses. Think transaction systems such as credit card authorization. Highly parallel, but not "embarrassingly" so. I believe you could run multiple instances of CICS even then.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#48 smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#49 smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#52 smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics

Turn of century, I was doing some stuff for dataprocessing outsourcer. One datacenter had banner hung over maxed ibm mainframe that said 129 cics instances (it was handling dataprocessing for all TV cable companies in the US, office terminals, account management, billing, call centers, downloads to settop boxes, etc).

I also got called into datacenter that was doing complete handling of half the credit cards in the US (transactions, statementing, billing, call centers, plastic embossing, mailing, payments, etc). It had over 40 maxed out IBM mainframes (@$30M/system, something like 16processors/system, >600 processors) running the same 450K cobol statement application ... number needed to finish financial settlement in the overnight batch window. They had a large group for decades handling the application throughput/performance but had gotten somewhat myopically focused. I used some other kinds of performance technology and within a few weeks was able to come up with 14% improvement.

Before that there was small initiall pilot program with 16M accounts to start including target offerings on credit card statements (based on past credit card purchases) ... had all the analysis done on large Sequent NUMA-Q machine. When we took it over, their initial design would have taken months or years to do each month's target marketing analysis ... was able to get it down to a few hrs for multi-hundred million accounts. I had also done some consulting for Steve Chen when he was CTO at Sequent.

Trouble was program was sold to merchants and billed on how many matches were sent out based on their target marketing criteria ... but the processing cost was based on how many accounts they wanted to run match against ... marketing people even sometimes include it as "free" sweetener as part of selling overall processing contract ... in any case, it always operated at a loss.

CICS was highly optimize pathlengths/services ... it tried to avoid as much as possible using (heavy weight) os/360 services, it would acquire as much storage as possible and open all files at startup, then doing much its own storage management, file access, its own multithreading/multiprogramming/multitasking ... took decades to rewrite code to support operating system multi-threading and enable some parallel multiprocessing. multiprocessor exploitation (2004)
https://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/ev200402.htm

trivia: undergraduate, I took 2 credit hr intro to computers/fortran. Within year of intro class was hired fulltime responsible for OS/360 (univ had been sold 360/67 for tss/360, but tss/360 never really came to production fruition and so ran as 360/65, they shutdown datacenter on weekends, and I had it dedicated, although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday classes hard). Univ. library had gotten a ONR grant to do online catalog and used part of the money for 2321 datacell. The project was also selected to be betatest for CICS program product (after 23jun69 unbundling announcement and starting to charge for software) and CICS support was added to my tasks. First problem was CICS wouldn't come up. No source, took a little while to isolate the problem. Turns out CICS had some undocumented, hard coded BDAM file options and the library had built their CICS files with different set of options.

cics &/or bdam posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics
smp, multiprocessing, and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

some posts mentioning the 450k cobol statment app
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#3 COBOL and tricks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#58 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#11 IBM z16: Built to Build the Future of Your Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#56 Fujitsu confirms end date for mainframe and Unix systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#104 Mainframe Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#23 Target Marketing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#120 Computer Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#58 Card Associations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#30 VM370, 3081, and AT&T Long Lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#87 UPS & PDUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#10 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#61 Performance Monitoring, Analysis, Simulation, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#68 How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More John Boyd and OODA-loop

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More John Boyd and OODA-loop
Date: 23 Nov, 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
More John Boyd and OODA-loop
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/more-john-boyd-ooda-loop-lynn-wheeler/

John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
Martial Arts OODA-loop
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/lynnwheeler_john-boyd-usaf-the-fighter-pilot-who-changed-activity-6807163421579186176-ZO9G/
John Boyd and Innovation Management
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/lynnwheeler_innovation-management-future-activity-6955256629466398720-AkPQ/

Boyd would talk being very vocal about the electronic sensors on the trail not working, possibly as punishment he was put in charge of Spook Base. Spook Base reference ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine ... includes references to "Quacker" (pilotless drone). I was at Boeing (before joining IBM) about same time Boyd was at "spook base". His biographies mention "spook base" was $2.5B wind fall for IBM.
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Note Boyd had story that they spent 18months making sure that Spinney was covered in all details in congressional testimony (all details had written authorization), however SECDEF blamed Boyd for the article and wanted him banned from the Pentagon and transferred to Alaska. Boyd had congressional coverage and Weinberger directive was rescinded week later. Gone behind paywall, but mostly free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html
... may have to click on individual page numbers (instead just "Next>>", not all pages captured). Supposedly Weinberger directed new classification "NO-SPIN" ... unclassified but not to be shared with Spinney.

A New Conception of War
https://www.usmcu.edu/Outreach/Marine-Corps-University-Press/Books-by-topic/MCUP-Titles-A-Z/A-New-Conception-of-War/
PDF->kindle, loc1783-88:
Boyd's collaboration with associate Pierre Sprey on the development of the A-10 close air support (CAS) aircraft sparked his exploration of history. The project was Sprey's, with Sprey consulting Boyd on performance analysis, E-M Theory, and views on warfare in general. When designing the A-10, Sprey had to determine what aircraft features provided the firepower and loiter time required by ground forces, while also granting survivability against the enemy ground fire that would inevitably be directed against it.4The German Wehrmacht had pioneered both the design and employment of dedicated CAS aircraft in World War II.

... snip ...

Boyd would also talk about doing something much simpler than F16, 1/3rd the maintenance hrs and 1/5th the costs ... something along the lines of F20-Tigershark. Recognizing that USAF/MIC would never accept cost optimized so they tried targeting export market. They got undercut by F16/MIC forces lobbying congress to offer "directed appropriation" USAID (could only be used to buy F16s) to the candidate countries. The claim is from the candidate countries that F16 was less appropriate for their needs, but the choice was getting F16s for "free" (USAID) or having to spend their own money.

Desert Storm, 17Jan91 to 28Feb91, only last 100 hrs was land war.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War

Desert Storm Air Power Effectiveness report A10s were so effective taking out Iraq tanks (million A10 30mm shells) ... that crews were walking away ... also finding a lot of abandoned tanks after end of hostilities (stories of fierce tank battles with coalition forces taking no damage, don't mention if the Iraqi tanks had anybody home). Burton's "Pentagon Wars" has them getting A10 30mm cost reduced by nearly a factor of ten ... the desert storm million 30mm shells *ONLY* costing $13M. Burton also suggest a mini-A10 that could be forward deployed and maintained ... however these days increasingly likely to be autonomous (Burton would say that Boyd destroyed his career when Boyd challenged him to do what was right).
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
https://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairchild_Republic_A-10_Thunderbolt_II
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairchild_Republic_A-10_Thunderbolt_II#A-X_program

Boyd is credited with the (desert storm) "left hook" strategy ... and all sorts of explanations why the Abram M1s weren't in position to cut off the retreating Republican Guard ... another possibility is Boyd didn't realize the disparity between the M1 rated speed and their effective speed (over distance) being so tightly tethered to supply & maintenance.
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2015/12/14/historys-last-left-hook
In the meantime, Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney consulted one of his favorite military strategists, retired Air Force Colonel John Boyd. During the run up to Desert Storm, Cheney regularly met with Boyd, where Boyd developed "a version of the von Schlieffen plan" [5]. Boyd was intimately familiar with the Battle of Cannae, the Schlieffen plan, as well as the concept of strategic envelopment; he used his vast knowledge of history to inform his strategic advice to the DOD

... snip ...

Boyd would talk about "Fingerspitzengefuhl" in relation to OODA-loop and emphasize that all parts running constantly (and asynchronous) and observations should be made from every possible facet (countermeasure to biases; observation, orientation, confirmation, cognitive, etc).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fingerspitzengef%C3%BChl related
concepts
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fingerspitzengef%C3%BChl#Related_concepts
The concept may be compared to ideas about intuition and neural net programming. The same phenomenon, but conceptualized in a radically different way, seems to be described by D.T. Suzuki in swordsmanship teaching stories recounted in his Zen and Japanese Culture, and given in analytical detail in Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis.[5]

... snip ...

similar to Coup d'oeil
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coup_d%27%C5%93il
and EFBAS
https://slightlyeastofnew.com/2014/12/23/another-candidate-for-ebfas/

... and "How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers"
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers
To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.


... snip ...

I've suggested Boyd could plausibly have taken 1846 Halleck
https://www.amazon.com/Elements-Instruction-Fortification-Embracing-ebook/dp/B004TPMN16/
loc5019-20:
A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.

... snip ...

changing "see" to "observe" and added "orientation" for experience and learning ... however others say they've seen no evidence that Boyd read Halleck

In 1990 book introduction, one of the "fathers of AI", Bogh Andersen says that AI was done all wrong because it failed to take into account "context". I periodically equated that to the "OO" part of Boyd's OODA-loop, real time observation placed in context (orientation). Possible excuse was that the computers were not yet large enough and powerful enough to perform "context" processing ... just simply following set of rules.

... and computer equivalent to parallel, asynchronous OODA ... is the multiprocessor/multicore computer "holy grail" ... for a parallel programming language that can easily be used by population that is only familiar with sequential, synchronous, step-by-step operation. Articles from more than decade ago:

Intel's server chip chief knocks Itanium, Gates and AMD
https://www.theregister.com/2006/06/08/intel_gelsinger_stanford?page=2
Microsoft super sizes multi-threaded tripe
https://www.theregister.com/2007/05/01/mundie_mundie/
Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
https://developers.slashdot.org/story/07/05/29/0058246/is-parallel-programming-just-too-hard

Boyd would also comment about former military officers were starting to contaminate US corporate culture with their rigid, top-down, command&control structure (& only those at the very top knew what they were doing). Scenario was that at entry to WW2, US has to rapidly deploy millions with little or no skill or experience ... the rigid, top-down, command&control structure was required to leverage the few skilled resources available. Boyd would compare 11% (growing to nearly 20%) US officers to maintain rigid, top-down command&control structure, compared to 3% (or less) for German army. However, this was about the time that articles were starting to appear that business school MBAs were beginning to destroy US companies with their myopic focus on short term results.

Boyd posts/ and web references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
multiprocessor, multicore, parallel programming posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

a few past posts mentioning bogh andersen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#32 progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#6 A Theory of Reality as More Than the Sum of Its Parts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#5 Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#2 Does OODA-loop observation carry a lot of baggage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#61 Why did the OODA-loop tactic grow into a strategy?

Archived LinkedIn posts, comments and/or linkedin refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#47 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#43 1973 ARPANET Map
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#36 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#27 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#26 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#25 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#11 Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#91 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#74 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#67 30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#66 IBM Dress Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#53 Wednesday Night Round table
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#31 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#85 IBM CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#73 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#69 360/67 & DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#46 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#75 Frameworks Quagmire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#3 Final Rules of Thumb on How Computing Affects Organizations and People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#112 GM C4 and IBM HA/CMP

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tandem Memos

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Tandem Memos
Date: 25 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Jim Gray palms off some stuff on me when he leaves IBM Research for Tandem, fall of 1980 ... some old email in this archived post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#1
Jim pens this just before leaving ... included in this archived post (Jim Gray is missing)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#17

We use to drop by to see Jim at Tandem on their Friday afternoons. I had been blamed for online computer conferencing on the IBM internal network in the late 70s and early 80s, but it really took off the spring 1981 when I distributed a trip report of Tandem visit to see Jim, only about 300 participated by claims that upwards of 25,000 were reading. We then printed six copies some 300 pages, along with executive summary and summary of summary, packaged in six Tandem three ring binders and sent them to corporate executive committee (folklore is 5of6 wanted to fire me).

... from IBM Jargon
https://comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

At Dec81 SIGOPS, Jim asks me to help Tandem co-worker get Stanford PHD, which involved GLOBAL LRU page replacement algorithms ... and was being strongly opposed by "LOCAL LRU" forces. I had done a lot of work on it as undergraduate in the 60s and had detailed data on GLOBAL versus LOCAL. IBM management then prohibits me from sending response for a year, I hoped it wasn't IBM executives getting involved in academic dispute but punishment for "Tandem Memos".
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019

my recent tome on "Tandem Memos" & IBM Chairman Learson trying to block the rise of the (old boy) careerists and bureaucrats destroying the Watson legacy.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

we leave IBM 1992 during IBM's big downturn (see more in "wild ducks") and get involved in financial industry and security protocols. Tandem/ACI/Compaq sponsors workshop for me held in large class room at Tandem, Cuppertino, Jan1999 ... old account by one of the attendees:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskmaads

trivia: Jan1999 I was also asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed) ... I was told some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the 80s S&L Crisis, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, and then IPO for a couple billion; needed to fail so field would be clear for next round), and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages.

online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
page replacement algorithm posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

recent archived posts mentioning wild ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#55 More John Boyd and OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#47 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#26 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#25 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#11 Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#67 30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#66 IBM Dress Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#31 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#73 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#65 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#64 IBM Wild Ducks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Christmas 1989

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Christmas 1989
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 25 Nov 2022 16:21:15 -1000
Andy Leighton <andyl@azaal.plus.com> writes:
Yeah I worked at a place that was Token Ring for a while*. IIRC it was running at 16 Mbps. At the time Ethernet was only 10 Mbps (and at my previous job we were only 10Base2 as well). Also with a lot of early Ethernet networks I think there were more collisions. However Ethernet won out with the move to twisted pair and then the jump to Fast Ethernet which sealed the slow death of Token Ring.

• We changed over to Ethernet sometime later whilst I worked there (when we moved to a new site) which was somewhat exciting as for a while we had both networks running as we couldn't physically swap out that many network cards and reinstall drivers in a weekend.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#38 Christmas 1989
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#41 Christmas 1989
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#45 Christmas 1989

IBM AWD had built their own 4mbit token-ring card for the PC/RT workstation (had a pc/at bus). For the RS/6000 workstation that had microchannel, they were ordered to only use the heavily performance kneecapped PS2 microchannel cards. It turned out that the PS2 microchannel 16mbit token-ring card had lower card throughput than PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card.

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, awd, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

New IBM Almaden research center had been heavily provisioned with cat5 wiring, in theory for 16mbit token-ring ... but they found the 10mbit ethernet cards had higher per card throughput than 16mbit microchannel cards, also 10mbit ethernet LANs had higher aggregate LAN throughput and lower LAN network latency than 16mbit token-ring LANs. At the same time the high performance 10mbit ethernet cat5 cards were $69, while the heavily performance kneecapped microchannel 16mbit token-ring cards were $800 (i.e. heavily performance kneecapped microchannel cards was just a little part of communication group fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing).

About this time the IBM Dallas E&S center published paper showing 16mbit token-ring having significantly higher throughput than ethernet ... I could only think that they were comparing with the early experimental 3mbit ethernet cards before listen-before-transmit standard.

Summer 1988, ACM SIGCOMM had paper where they did an ethernet study with 30 stations all running low-level device driver loops, constantly transmitting minimum sized packets ... finding effective aggregate 10mbit ethernet LAN throughput dropping off to 8mbit/secs.

My wife had been con'ed into co-authoring response to gov. agency request for super-secure, large campus, network environment ... where she included 3-tier network architecture. We were then out making customer executive presentation on large, fast, secure, 3tier networks with TCP/IP, high-performance routers, and ethernet ... and constantly taking all sorts of barbs and arrows (with enormous amount of misinformation) from the communication group, SNA, and SAA people.

trivia: communication group also fiercely fighting off release of mainframe tcp/ip support ... when they lost that battle, they changed and since they had corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls, it had to be shipped through them; what shipped got aggregate 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the enhancements for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and 4341, got sustained 4341 channel throughput using only modest amount of the 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

rfc 1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

finally: late 80s, senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at annual, internal, world-wide communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance ... put opened the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division ... they were seeing drop in disk sales with data fleeing mainframes to more disributed computing friendly platforms. They had come up with a number of (IBM) solutions, but were all being vetoed by the communication group (with their corporate strategic ownership for everything that crossed datacenter walls) ... note that the communication group stranglehold on mainframe datacenters wasn't just networking and DASD ... but extended to whole mainframe business ... and it was just a couple years before IBM has one of the largest losses in US company history and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (board eventually brings in new CEO that reverses the breakup ... but wasn't enough to prevent the demise of disk division).

communicaton group stranglehold posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

topic drift; recent long winded tome on the bureaucrats and careerist destroying the Watson legacy at IBM
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

recent archive posts mentioning IBM wild ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#56 Tandem Memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#55 More John Boyd and OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#47 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#26 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#25 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#11 Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#67 30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#66 IBM Dress Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#31 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#73 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Model Mainframe

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Model Mainframe
Date: 26 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Model Mainframe
https://makezine.com/article/craft/fine-art/model-mainfraime/

Mid-90s, after leaving IBM, was brought into the largest airline res system (SABRE), wanted me to look at the ten impossible things they couldn't do (on TPF/mainframe). Started with ROUTES (25% of multi-system TPF processing) ... and given full OAG tape (all commercial airline flts for all airlines and all airports in the world). I came back two months later with (RS/6000, unix) implementation that did all their impossible things. Initial code did all the stuff they did then, 100 times faster; then adding implementation of all the additional things, reduced it to only ten times faster. Sized, ten rack mount RS/6000-990s could handle all ROUTES requests in the world for all commercial airlines. Less than decade later (2002), cellphone (XSCALE) processor had MIP rate nearly aggregate of those ten 990s.

(1993) 990 claim: 126MIPS (ten 990s: 1.26BIPS); (1993) eight processor ES/9000-900 claim: 408MIPS
http://www.roylongbottom.org.uk/mips.htm

other recent (mostly mainframe) history posts:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

a few archived post references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#54 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

some past posts mentioning TPF, airline res systems, and redoing ROUTES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#76 lock me up, was IBM Mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#8 Air Traffic System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#6 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#71 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#9 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#38 LIFE magazine 1945 "Thinking machines" predictions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#109 Airlines Reservation Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#93 Delta Outage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#117 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#69 RR songs, was Re: e50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#54 RR songs, was Re: e50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#0 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#87 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#59 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#16 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#8 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#43 Sabre; The First Online Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#42 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#73 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#41 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technologies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#32 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#19 American Airlines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#41 US Airways badmouths legacy system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#22 Bidirectional Binary Self-Joins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#18 RAMAC 305(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#85 The TransRelational Model: Performance Concerns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#23 Demo: Things in Hierarchies (w/o RM/SQL)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#6 Mainframe not a good architecture for interactive workloads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#83 Summary: Robots of Doom
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#2 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#69 Block oriented I/O over IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#20 Competitors to SABRE?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#136a checks (was S/390 on PowerPC?)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360/85

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360/85
Date: 27 Nov, 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#35 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#36 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#37 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#44 360/85

2301 similar to 2303 drum, except 2301 transferred four heads in parallel, data rate was four times 2303, each track four times larger and 1/4 the number of tracks.

CP/67 delivered to univ did fifo queue order and single page transfer per i/o ... 2301 was about 70 page transfers/sec. I rewrote i/o code ... did ordered seek for 2311 and 2314; and chained all page transfers for same arm position in rotational order (2311, 2314, 2303, 2301). For 2301 increased page transfers/sec from 70 to about 270.

Two models of 2305, one was 12mbytes capacity, 1.5mbytes/sec, avg access 1/2 rotational delay. The other was 6mbytes, 3mbytes/sec and avg access 1/4 rotational delay.

some recent cp67 and vm370 posts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/

& archived versions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#54 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#114 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#115 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#22 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#27 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#29 370 virtual memory

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fortran

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fortran
Date: 27 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Ann Hardy
https://medium.com/chmcore/someone-elses-computer-the-prehistory-of-cloud-computing-bca25645f89
Ann Hardy is a crucial figure in the story of Tymshare and time-sharing. She began programming in the 1950s, developing software for the IBM Stretch supercomputer. Frustrated at the lack of opportunity and pay inequality for women at IBM -- at one point she discovered she was paid less than half of what the lowest-paid man reporting to her was paid -- Hardy left to study at the University of California, Berkeley, and then joined the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 1962. At the lab, one of her projects involved an early and surprisingly successful time-sharing operating system.

... snip ...

If Discrimination, Then Branch: Ann Hardy's Contributions to Computing
https://computerhistory.org/blog/if-discrimination-then-branch-ann-hardy-s-contributions-to-computing/

Much more Ann Hardy at Computer History Museum
https://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102717167
Ann rose up to become Vice President of the Integrated Systems Division at Tymshare, from 1976 to 1984, which did online airline reservations, home banking, and other applications. When Tymshare was acquired by McDonnell-Douglas in 1984, Ann's position as a female VP became untenable, and was eased out of the company by being encouraged to spin out Gnosis, a secure, capabilities-based operating system developed at Tymshare. Ann founded Key Logic, with funding from Gene Amdahl, which produced KeyKOS, based on Gnosis, for IBM and Amdahl mainframes. After closing Key Logic, Ann became a consultant, leading to her cofounding Agorics with members of Ted Nelson's Xanadu project.

... snip ...

Gnosis/KeyKOS trivia: I was brought in to review Gnosis as part of the spinoff to Key Logic.

One of their other online applications was (VM370/)CMS-based online computer conferencing ... TYMSHARE started offering it free to (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE in Aug1976 as "VMSHARE" ... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

At end of semester taking two credit hr intro to fortran/computers. I got a student programming job to re-implement 1401 MPIO on 360/30. The univ. shutdown the datacenter on the weekend and I would have the place all to myself, although 48hrs w/o sleep made Monday classes a little hard. They gave me a bunch of manuals, and let me figure it all out on my own (within a few weeks I had 2000 card assembler program, got to design & implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recover, storage management, etc). They univ had been sold 360/67 to replace 709/1401 combo running tss/360 .... and the 1401 is temporary replaced with 360/30 (which had 1401 emulation microcode) pending 360/67.

When 360/67 finally came in, it was run as 360/65 with os/360 (tss/360 never coming to production fruition) and I was hired fulltime responsible for os/360 (and continued to have my 48hrs dedicated weekend time). Student fortran jobs ran less than second on 709 (tape->tape), when first cutover to 360 & os/360, they ran over a minute. I install HASP which cuts time in half, then started doing custom STAGE2 SYSGENS (re-arrange cards for careful placement on DASD, optimize arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search) which cuts student fortran another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. It never got better than 709 until I install WATFOR.

Before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computing Services (consolidate all dataprocessing in independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world, getting 360/65s faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room. Lots of politics between Renton director and CFO, who only had a 360/30 up at Boeing field (although they enlarge the machine room for 360/67 for me to play with when I wasn't doing other stuff). When I graduate, I join the IBM Cambridge Science Center, instead of staying at Boeing.

When I transfer to IBM San Jose Research, Backus had office down the hall.
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/builders/builders_backus.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Backus
He directed the team that invented and implemented FORTRAN, the first widely used high-level programming language, and was the inventor of the Backus-Naur form (BNF), a widely used notation to define formal language syntax.

... snip ...

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech commerical, online, virtual machine service bureaus http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

some recent posts mentioning Ann Hardy and/or GNOSIS/KeyKOS:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#92 TYMSHARE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#92 Cobol and Jean Sammet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#45 Transaction Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#71 book review: Broad Band: The Untold Story of the Women Who Made the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#100 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#98 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#27 Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#25 Rust in peace: Memory bugs in C and C++ code cause security issues so Microsoft is considering alternatives once again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#33 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#77 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#95 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

some recent posts mentioning Backus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#99 IBM Stretch (7030) -- Aggressive Uniprocessor Parallelism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#67 RDBMS, SQL, QBE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#82 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#28 System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#35 Who introduced named files?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#26 What's Fortran?!?!

some recent posts mentioning WATFOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#87 CICS (and other history)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#8 CICS 53 Years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#50 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#45 IBM Chairman John Opel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#43 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#42 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#31 Technology Flashback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#110 Window Display Ground Floor Datacenters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#95 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#69 Mainframe History: How Mainframe Computers Evolved Over the Years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#57 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#20 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#10 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#70 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#0 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#89 Computer BUNCH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#13 360 Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#72 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#23 Target Marketing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#12 Programming Skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#108 IBM Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#1 PCP, MFT, MVT OS/360, VS1, & VS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#105 IBM CKD DASD and multi-track search
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#64 addressing and protection, was Paper about ISO C
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#63 IBM 360s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#70 the wonders of SABRE, was Magnetic Drum reservations 1952
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#44 iBM System/3 FORTRAN for engineering/science work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#17 iBM System/3 FORTRAN for engineering/science work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#43 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#33 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#32 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#21 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#19 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#37 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#64 Early Computer Use

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Retirement

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Retirement
Date: 28 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Gone from IBM in the early 90s, and did lot of work in financial industry. Mar/Apr '05 eserver mainframe article, I retired not long later, gone 404, but still lives on at wayback machine, (some details a little garbled) they did photo shoot at office for the paper mag
https://web.archive.org/web/20200103152517/http://archive.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/stoprun/stop-run/making-history/
member mainframe hall of fame
https://www.enterprisesystemsmedia.com/mainframehalloffame
added 2010
https://web.archive.org/web/20170726211623/http://enterprisesystemsmedia.com/article/mainframe-hall-of-fame-four-new-members-added
other trivia, I'm one of the original "Knights of VM"
http://mvmua.org/knights.html

.. have continued to be active online (I've made lots of references to being blamed for online computer conferencing on the IBM internal network in the late 70s & early 80s ... precursor to modern social media).

online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

A few recent group posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#55 More John Boyd and OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#54 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#46 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#45 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#43 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#40 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#38 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#37 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New FTX CEO says he's never seen 'complete failure' of corporate controls in his career, including at Enron

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: New FTX CEO says he's never seen 'complete failure' of corporate controls in his career, including at Enron
Date: 29 Nov, 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#46 New FTX CEO says he's never seen 'complete failure' of corporate controls in his career, including at Enron

... seems to obfuscate the behavior that allowed ENRON ... working up to another gift for the audit industry, like sox?

Tipping Point: The Financial Fragility of the Big Four Global Audit Firms. Criticism has been intense of Big Audit, for sure, but the tipping point to "the next Arthur Andersen" is not discussed in polite company.
https://thedig.substack.com/p/tipping-point-the-financial-fragility
What size financial hit could kill a Big Four accounting network -- litigation damages or an enforcement penalty on the scale of the fatal blow that Enron inflicted on Arthur Andersen?

... snip ...

Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxle
ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
Date: 29 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#47 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM

Frederick P. Brooks Jr., Computer Design Innovator, Dies at 91. He was a lead designer of the computers that cemented IBM's dominance for decades. He later wrote a book on software engineering that became a quirky classic.
https://www.nytimes.com/2022/11/23/technology/frederick-p-brooks-jr-dead.html
RIP Fred 'Mythical Man-Month' Brooks: IBM guru of software project management. Turing Award winner who helped spread the eight-bit byte
https://www.theregister.com/2022/11/28/fred_mythical_man_month_brooks/
The most important single decision I ever made was to change the IBM 360 series from a 6-bit byte to an 8-bit byte, thereby enabling the use of lowercase letters. That change propagated everywhere.

... snip ...

8bit ... then there is ebcdic fiasco (instead of ascii)

BCD was supposed to go to 8-bit ASCII ... but (comedy? of) circumstances, it went to EBCDIC instead (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine):
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/ASCII.HTM
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/BACSLASH.HTM
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/FATHEROF.HTM
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

some recent Bemer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#24 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#116 What's different, was Why did Dennis Ritchie write that UNIX was a modern implementation of CTSS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#56 ASCI White
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#51 Why did Dennis Ritchie write that UNIX was a modern implementation of CTSS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#91 Computer BUNCH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#58 Interdata Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#13 360 Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#126 On the origin of the /text section/ for code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#44 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#92 EBCDIC Trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#7 IBM timesharing terminal--offline preparation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#39 Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#58 So much for THAT excuse | Computerworld SHARK TANK
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#42 SCP of file to USS from Mac is corrupted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#63 EBCDIC Bad History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#15 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#77 Nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#75 Nostalgia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Amazon's New Chip Moves AWS Into High-Performance Computing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Amazon's New Chip Moves AWS Into High-Performance Computing
Date: 29 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Amazon's New Chip Moves AWS Into High-Performance Computing. Technology was designed in-house and represents a challenge to partners like Intel and Nvidia.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-11-29/amazon-s-new-chip-moves-aws-into-high-performance-computing
Amazon Web Services, the largest provider of over-the-internet computing, on Monday said it would let customers rent computing power that relies on a new version of its Graviton chips. Peter DeSantis, a senior vice president who oversees most of AWS's engineering teams, said in an interview that the product is a springboard for making what the industry calls high-performance computing more readily available.

... snip ...

(cloud) megadatacenter posts
http://wwww.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 29 Nov 2022 18:31:12 -1000
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#47 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#63 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM

In Memoriam: Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. - a Personal Recollection
https://circleid.com/posts/20221119-in-memoriam-frederick-p-brooks-jr-a-personal-recollection

Frederick P. Brooks Jr., Computer Design Innovator, Dies at 91. He was a lead designer of the computers that cemented IBM's dominance for decades. He later wrote a book on software engineering that became a quirky classic.
https://www.nytimes.com/2022/11/23/technology/frederick-p-brooks-jr-dead.html

RIP Fred 'Mythical Man-Month' Brooks: IBM guru of software project management. Turing Award winner who helped spread the eight-bit byte
https://www.theregister.com/2022/11/28/fred_mythical_man_month_brooks/
The most important single decision I ever made was to change the IBM 360 series from a 6-bit byte to an 8-bit byte, thereby enabling the use of lowercase letters. That change propagated everywhere.

... snip ...

also has URLs for PDFs, Mythical Man Month
https://web.eecs.umich.edu/~weimerw/2018-481/readings/mythical-man-month.pdf

... 8bit ... then there is ebcdic fiasco (instead of ascii)

BCD was supposed to go to 8-bit ASCII ... but (comedy? of) circumstances, it went to EBCDIC instead (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine):
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/ASCII.HTM
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/BACSLASH.HTM
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/FATHEROF.HTM
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Pentagon Can't Count: It's Time to Reinvent the Audit

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Pentagon Can't Count: It's Time to Reinvent the Audit
Date: 30 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
The Pentagon Can't Count: It's Time to Reinvent the Audit
https://warontherocks.com/2022/11/the-pentagon-cant-count-its-time-to-reinvent-the-audit/
By law, the Department of Defense has to provide Congress and the public with an assessment of where it spends its money and to provide transparency of its operations. A financial audit counts what the Department of Defense has, where it has it, and if it knows where its money is being spent. 

... snip ...

... DOD has been required to pass an audit every year since the 90s when legislation was passed requiring annual audit of every federal agency

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex.

some past posts referencing multitary spending &/or audit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#22 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#14 How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#109 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#13 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#21 $6.5 TRILLION IS MISSING FROM OBAMA'S DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#108 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#30 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#84 New hard drive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#29 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95 ^A^K boy scouts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#17 Why do we keep losing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#75 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#108 Occupy Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#99 US Debt In Public Hands Doubles Under Barack Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#77 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#2 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#61 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#69 Littoral Warfare Ship
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#104 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#63 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#41 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#37 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#58 2 v 2 - How the Typhoon kills the F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#103 ObamaCare Web Site Problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#29 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#51 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#67 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Capitalism--Not a Few Bad Actors--Destroyed the Internet

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Capitalism--Not a Few Bad Actors--Destroyed the Internet
Date: 30 Nov, 2022
Blog: Facebook
How Capitalism--Not a Few Bad Actors--Destroyed the Internet. Twenty-five years of neoliberal political economy are to blame for today's regime of surveillance advertising, and only public policy can undo it.
https://www.bostonreview.net/articles/how-capitalism-not-a-few-bad-actors-destroyed-the-internet/

late 90s, was brought into cal. legislation to help word smith some legislation (they were working on electronic signature, identity theft, and "opt-in personal information sharing). Before "opt-in personal information sharing" passed (required record of individual agreeing to sharing their private/personal information), a federal pre-emption, "opt-out" was added to GLBA (private/personal information could be shared unless institution had record of individual objecting).
https://www.ftc.gov/business-guidance/privacy-security/gramm-leach-bliley-act
2004 at annual, national privacy conference in WashDC, there was session with panel discussion with the FTC commissioners. During the session, somebody got up asked if they were going to do anything about GLBA opt-out legislation. He said he worked for a major callcenter technology company and he said that all the major 1-800 callcenters handling "opt-out" calls were not recording any information from the call (i.e. there was never a record of anybody objecting to their information being shared) ... they just ignored him.

Some of the participants had also done extensive detailed public surveys about consumer threats. One of the major consumer threats were institutional breaches where criminals were using the information for fraudulent financial transactions and little or nothing was being done (normally security efforts are made in self protection, but in these situations, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public). Cal. breach notification legislation hoped that the resulting publicity would motivate institutions to take security measures to protect the public.

Then several years while dozen (pre-emption) federal breach notification bills were introduced, about evenly divided between those similar to the cal legislation and those worded in such away that criteria would rarely be met to require notification. Then there was financial industry proposal floated that if institution met an industry security certification, it wouldn't be subject to breach notification. Lots of institutions got security certification and then had a breach which the industry would immediately revoke the certification (joke about security certified institution were all those that just hadn't been breached yet).

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 30 Nov 2022 16:39:43 -1000
Thomas Koenig <tkoenig@netcologne.de> writes:
Brian Kernighan wrote in his PhD thesis on a line printer using lower-case letters in 1969. He also wrote a runoff implementation in a Fortran dialect of that age to be able to print it.

The story is in "UNIX: A History and a Memoir", which anybody interested in computer history should have read already :-)


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#65 Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022

lots of 2741 (selectric) terminal on CTSS, Multics, and CP67 in 60s.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_2741
also used for APL (with APL selectric golf ball). 2741 used tilt-rotate "code" ... translation between computer character and tilt-rotate golf ball character position.

CTSS (some of the CTSS people had gone to 5th flr for multics, others went to science center on the 4th flr) runoff was rewritten for CMS SCRIPT and output runoff on 1403 "TN" (w/lower case; some number of IBM CP67/CMS documents) ... final copy was sometimes even runoff on 2741 with "film" ribbon (rather than fabric ribbon)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TYPSET_and_RUNOFF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCRIPT_(markup)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS

GML was invented at the science center in 1969 and GML tag processing added to SCRIPT (decade later, GML morphs into ISO standard SGML, after another decade morphs into HTML at CERN).
http://www.sgmlsource.com/history/roots.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Generalized_Markup_Language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_Generalized_Markup_Language

one of the first main stream IBM documents done in CMS SCRIPT was 370 architecture document (sometimes called "REDBOOK" for distribution in RED 3-ring binders). CMS SCRIPT command line options were used to select printing the full 370 architecture document or the 370 Principles of Operation subset (w/o all the engineering notes, alternatives, justification, etc) can be seen from printing with 1403 TN ... something blocky w/o proportional spacing, predating 3800).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML/SGML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

a couple other recent Brooks posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#63 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#47 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 01 Dec 2022 14:44:40 -1000
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Which full architecture document no doubt was highly secret within IBM.

However, nowadays, stuff like Program Logic Manuals, which were IBM Confidential, are turning up on Bitsavers.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#65 Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#68 Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022

PLMs were less so, it was the unannounced features ... like before 370 virtual memory ... somebody leaked some details to industry press which resulted in witch hunt ... and then all internal IBM copiers were retrofitted with serial under the glass that would appear on every page copied ... to try and help localize where leak might have originated.

Cambridge did have a joint project with Endicott to modify CP67 to provide 370 (virtual memory architecture) virtual machines. This was in regular operation a year before any engineering 370 hardware supporting virtual memory was operational. Cambridge had to demonsrate fairly strong security since staff, professors, and students from Boston area univ. were also using the Cambridge CP67 system.

Then for FS
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Future_Systems_project

IBM tried to eliminate all classified hard copy documents, specially modified VM370 system where documents could only be read on specifically identified 3270 terminals and all functions but reading was disabled.

When FS imploded, there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines ... including kicking off 370/xa and quick and dirty 3033 and 3081 in parallel. Initially 370/xa hard copy were "IBM registered confidential" (referred to as "811" for nov78 publication date) ... each page had off-color, page size, document serial number embossed ... serial number was registered to specific person and there were periodic surprise security audits to make sure they were kept under double lock&key.

IBM security classification had evovled to:

IBM Internal Use Only
IBM Confidential
IBM Confidential - Restricted
IBM Confidential - Registered


something of a joke: 1974, CERN had done an analysis comparing VM370/CMS and MVS/TSO and presented result at (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE ... and copies were freely available ... except inside IBM where they got stamped "IBM Confidential - Restricted" (available on need to know basis only) ... wanted as much as possible to minimize availability of the analysis to IBM employees.

I ran into something similar when TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
in Aug1976 started offering their CMS-based online computer conferencing facility free to SHARE as VMSHARE ... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE files for putting up on internal network and internal systems. The biggest problem I had were the lawyers concerned that IBM employees would be contaminated exposed to customer information (and/or internal employees were being fed stuff about customers that didn't correspond to what customers were actually saying).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech commerical, online, virtual machine service bureaus http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online
future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Researchers found security pitfalls in IBM's cloud infrastructure

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Researchers found security pitfalls in IBM's cloud infrastructure.
Date: 01 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Researchers found security pitfalls in IBM's cloud infrastructure. A demonstrated attack by cybersecurity researchers in IBM's cloud infrastructure were able to gain access to the internal server used to build database images for customer deployments.
https://www.csoonline.com/article/3681450/researchers-found-security-pitfalls-in-ibm-s-cloud-infrastructure.html

After HA/CMP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing

cluster scaleup was transferred to Kingston, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors, we leave IBM ... old archived post about a jan1992 (>30yrs ago) meeting in Ellison's conference room (Oracle CEO) where Hester told Ellison that IBM would have 128 processor HA/CMP by ye1992 (cluster scaleup is transferred a couple weeks later)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Later two of the Oracle people in the meeting, had left Oracle and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server" and we are brought in as consultants (responsible for everything between webservers and the payment networks) because they want to do payment transactions on the webservers. The small client/server startup had also invented technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called electronic commerce (lots of IBM were still fighting the new emerging paradigms).

Emerging new exploits involved the increasing use of RDBMS for webservers ... which were significantly more complex to administer ... humans were making a lot more mistakes ... including over running the maintenance window and in rush to get everything back up and operational would overlook many critical items. I had absolute authority for everything to the payment networks ... but could only make recommendations in other areas ... many of which were regularly violated.

original sql/relational, system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr
ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
electronic commerce gateways to payment networks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway
cloud megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
Date: 02 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
https://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2022/12/01/the-christma-exec-network-worm-35-years-and-counting/

REX author would do xmas exec (well before renamed REXX and released to customers) ... used fsx for color 3279 terminals to blink colored lights ... I did a Q&D translation to html
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#54

... note 1987 exploit required the person to manually execute ... jokes about how to baby proof computers ... decade later, there was rapidly proliferating system convention of automatically execute scripts embedded in data files (didn't require any action by a person).

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

note before pervasive inclusion of automatically executed scripts embedded in data files became common place (giving rise to whole virus industry constantly searching all files for suspicious embedded automatically executed scripts) .. majority of vulnerabilities/exploits was associated with tcp/ip implementations in C-language (memory unsafe bugs) ...
https://www.zdnet.com/article/nsa-to-developers-think-about-switching-from-c-and-c-to-a-memory-safe-programming-language/

memory unsafe c-language posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

trivia: original mainframe tcp/ip was done in vs/pascal and had none of those exploits epidemic in c-language implementations; other trivia: the IBM communication group was fiercely fighting off release of TCP/IP support. When they lost, they changed their tactic and said that since the communication group had corporate responsibility for everyhing that crossed the datacenter walls, it had to be release through them. What shipped had aggregate 44kbytes/sec throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did support for TCP/IP RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, got 4341 sustained channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

rfc1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

even more trivia: senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at annual, internal, world-wide communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The communication group had stranglehold on mainframe datacenters with corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls and was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the mainframe datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales.

some posts mentioning communication fiercely fighting off client/server and distributec computing and their mainframe datacenter stranglehold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

A couple years later, IBM has one of the largest losses in US company history and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company .... gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback machine.
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

had already left IBM, but get a call from the bowels of Armonk asking if could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts. However, before getting started, the board brings in a new CEO that reverses the breakup. However, wasn't sufficient to reverse the demise of the disk division.

... some other communication group topic drift: an analysis of VTAM LU6.2 and BSD4.3 Reno/Tahoe TCP ... had VTAM executing 160k instructions for LU6.2 and 15 buffer copies (processor overhead for 15 buffer copies on large scale cache machine could exceed processor time for 160k instructions) compared to BSD4.3 Reno/Tahoe for TCP doing 5k instructions and five buffer copies. Later communication group hired a silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP support directly in VTAM. What he initially demonstrated was TCP running much faster than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "knows" that a properly implemented TCP is much slower than LU6.2 and they would only be paying for a "proper" implementation.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
Date: 02 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#71 The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!

co-worker at science center responsible for internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) and technology also used for corporate sponsored univ. BITNET (where the 1987 CHRISTMA EXEC started)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_Tree_EXEC

cambridge science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

also recent long winded post about him ... including presented internetworking idea to DARPA in 1975
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/

His "IBM's Missed Opportunity With The INTERNET" press article (gone behind paywall)
http://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm

he has passed, but his website lives on at wayback machine, includes written exchange with IBM management
http://web.archive.org/web/20000115185349/http://www.edh.net/bungle.htm

more on "Inventing the Internet"
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
... somewhat related tome about efforts to prevent bureaucrats and careerists from destroying Watsons' legacy at IBM
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

archived posts referencing the LinkedIn posts/topics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#59 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#58 Model Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#43 1973 ARPANET Map
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#74 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
Date: 03 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#71 The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#72 The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!

trivia: RSCS/VNET had its own native drivers. JES2/NJE started out ported from HASP (original had "TUCC" in cols68-71 of source code) .... network node configurations were with spare entries in the HASP 255-entry psuedo-device table, usually around 160-180 definitions (the internal network had already quickly passed 255 entries) ... also had issue with trashing traffic where origin and/or destination wasn't in local table. RSCS/VNET did NJE emulation driver ... usually with special compensating code for NJE shortcomings ... as a result NJE nodes were restricted to network edges behind RSCS/VNET node. NJE also intermixed job control and network fields ... and NJE traffic between different releases had habit of crashing host MVS system ... as a result the RSCS/VNET emulated NJE drivers accumulated a body of code that recognized the originating NJE format and would reformat required for by a directly connected MVS/JES node.

Circa 1980, there is an infamous case of traffic from a San Jose, Ca. MVS/JES system was crashing a MVS/JES system in Hursley, England (it was eventually blamed on the Hursley RSCS/VNET staff because they weren't aware of San Jose NJE format changes and hadn't added the necessary required reformatting to keep MVS from crashing).

In the early 80s, JES2/NJE was finally updated to handle 999 nodes, after the internal network had passed 1000 nodes. Later in the 80s, IBM stopped shipping the native RSCS/VNET drivers to customers, but they continued to be used on the internal network, in part because they had higher throughput.

Note some MVS/JES installations tried to compensate for the shortage of node definitions by updates with the most required nodes. However, JES node table update required a new JES system build, which most installations restricted to system change control restrictions ... events that might only be allowed a few times a year.

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
hasp, jes, nje posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This Declassified 9/11 Memo Is a Reminder that America's Closet Is Full of Skeletons

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: This Declassified 9/11 Memo Is a Reminder that America's Closet Is Full of Skeletons
Date: 03 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
This Declassified 9/11 Memo Is a Reminder that America's Closet Is Full of Skeletons. Looking forward and never back is just another way of hiding in the dark.
https://www.esquire.com/news-politics/politics/a42124069/george-w-bush-september-11-report/
Secret 9/11 memo reveals Bush rewriting the history of the 9/11 attacks and the warnings he'd tuned out
https://www.businessinsider.com/911-commission-memo-declassified-bush-cheney-attacks-bin-laden-qaeda-2022-11

from 2dec2018, 4yrs ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#69 The Bushes: Fathers and Sons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#76 The Bushes: Fathers and Sons

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
S&L Crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Researchers found security pitfalls in IBM's cloud infrastructure

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Researchers found security pitfalls in IBM's cloud infrastructure.
Date: 04 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#70 Researchers found security pitfalls in IBM's cloud infrastructure

... passwords ... single purpose ... never use for multiple purposes (standard compartmentalizing). Long ago and far away, shortly after graduating and joining IBM ... IBM got a new CSO, had come from gov. service (head of presidential detail) and being one of the few experts in the field, was asked to run around with him some, talking about computer security ... while a little bit of physical security rubs off.

also long ago and far away, Cambridge had ported APL\360 to CP67/CMS for CMS\APL, fixing storage management for large demand page workspaces and adding APIs for system services (like file i/o), enabling lots of real-world applications. Armonk business planners then started using (Cambridge) CMS\APL system remotely, loading the most valuable IBM information assets on the Cambridge system. We had to demonstrate strong security since staff, profs, and students from Boston area institutions were also using the same system.

other from long ago and far away,
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

Note some of the MIT CTSS people had gone to the 5th flr to MIT Project Mac and Multics, while others had gone to the IBM Science Center on the 4th flr. The lobby directory listed a law firm on part of the 3rd flr ... which eventually found out was an agency office. With the beginning of VM370, some of the CP67/CMS people started VM370 development group taking over part of the 3rd flr. The 3rd flr telco closet was on the IBM side and one of the telco panels had "IBM" in large letters and the other telco panel (for the "law firm") had a 3-letter gov agency in large letters.

cambridge science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
shared-secret security/authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#secrets
risk, fraud, exploits, threats, vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud
assurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#assurance

misc past posts mentioning IBM new CSO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#115 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#98 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#4 Industrial Espionage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#38 Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#57 Computer Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#102 IBM CSO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#37 IBM Confidential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#66 The Case Against SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#16 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#57 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#84 Bizarre Career Events
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#0 IBM "Wild Ducks"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#66 Facebook Knows More About You Than the CIA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#67 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#99 IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#28 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#60 Bridgestone Sues IBM For $600 Million Over Allegedly 'Defective' System That Plunged The Company Into 'Chaos'

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Parasitic Private Equity is Consuming U.S. Health Care from the Inside Out

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Parasitic Private Equity is Consuming U.S. Health Care from the Inside Out
Date: 04 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Parasitic Private Equity is Consuming U.S. Health Care from the Inside Out
https://www.juancole.com/2022/11/parasitic-private-consuming.html
Private equity has succeeded in depicting itself as part of the productive economy of health care services. even as it is increasingly being recognized as being parasitic. The essence of this toxic parasitism is not only to drain the host's nourishment, but also to dull the host's brain so that it often does not even recognize that the parasite is there. This is the illusion that health care services in the United States suffer under today.

... snip ...

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Internet Is Having Its Midlife Crisis

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Internet Is Having Its Midlife Crisis
Date: 05 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
The Internet Is Having Its Midlife Crisis
https://slate.com/technology/2022/12/how-to-save-twitter.html
Many of us who have grown up along with the web are now reaching middle age, and we have enough experience with the internet to know what it does well and does poorly. And as with any midlife crisis, the internet can spiral into the abyss, continuing its own self-destructive pathway, or we can seize the moment to build a better internet founded on the essential principle that the internet belongs to all of us.

... snip ...

z/VM 50th, Part 3
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
Inventing the Internet
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
Bureaucrats and Careerists Destoring Watsons' Legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
nsfnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Global income inequality: time to revise the elephant

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Global income inequality: time to revise the elephant
Date: 05 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Global income inequality: time to revise the elephant
https://socialeurope.eu/global-income-inequality-time-to-revise-the-elephant
The period of 'high globalisation', which ran from the end of Communism in the late 1980s to what became known as the Global Financial Crisis in 2008, was perhaps best described by the so-called elephant chart (the blue curve in the figure below), produced by Christoph Lakner and myself. It showed a very high increase in incomes over these two decades around the middle of the global distribution, point A (call it 'the China effect'), very modest or close to zero growth around the 80th percentile of the distribution, point B (where the lower middle classes of rich countries are), and a sharp increase among the global top 1 per cent, point C.

... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

economic mess ... i.e. 2001-2008; Jan1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess. I was told some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L Crisis, were then running Internet IPO "mills" (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a couple billion, needed to fail to leave the field clear for the next round), were then predicted to next get into securitized mortgages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L Crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The GOP wants to cut funding to the IRS. We can't let that happen

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The GOP wants to cut funding to the IRS. We can't let that happen.
Date: 05 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
The GOP wants to cut funding to the IRS. We can't let that happen.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2022/11/30/irs-funding-republicans-technology-rubin-lew/

2002 congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt), by 2005, FED Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress could do middle school arithmetic for how badly they were savaging the budget. 2010, CBO report that 2003-2009, tax revenue had been cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time that taxes had been cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of Federal Reserve and Too Big To Fail needed huge federal debt, special interests wanted huge tax cut, and Military-Industrial Complex wanted huge spending increase (and perpetual wars).

posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

After Obama election, lead Republican legislators were claiming that their #1 objective was to block all legislation as part of making sure Obama wouldn't have a 2nd term. In spring 2009, IRS has press that they are going after 52,000 wealthy Americans who have illegally stashed trillions offshore and owe $400B (that besides the trillions that had been stashed "legally" overseas as result of new legislation).

In spring 2011, the new house speaker has press conference where he says he is cutting the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering the $400B. On DC weekend radio show he also brags about putting latest party darlings on finance committee because those members receive the largest payments/donations from special interests (part of the claims that congress is the most corrupt institution on earth). Since then there has been periodic news about the banks and financial advisers have been fined a few billion for their part in facilitating tax evasion, illegally stashing trillions overseas (again, over and above the trillions that congressional tax loopholes allowed to be stashed overseas "legally") ... but nothing about recovering the $400B in taxes owed on the trillions illegally stashed overseas.

IRS press had it going after $400B in taxes owed by 52,000 wealthy americans (gone 404/500, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20090418170658/http://blogs.wsj.com/law/2009/04/03/first-american-client-charged-in-ubs-tax-shelter-probe/
Then spring 2011, new house speaker says he is cutting the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering that $400B. Policing Tax Evasion Could Save Billions, But Republicans Won't Fund Enforcement Policing Tax Evasion Could Save Billions, But Republicans Won't Fund Enforcement
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/04/28/irs-budget-cuts-deficit_n_850243.html
The U.S. government loses around $300 billion in revenue each year because of tax cheats, some of whom hide their earnings in offshore accounts or disguise them using complicated business structures, according to the Internal Revenue Service. Since 2001, tax evasion has cost as much as the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Bush tax cuts and the 2009 stimulus combined, according to the financial-services analysis firm The Motley Fool.

... snip ...

"Influence Machine" also has quite a bit on Boehner; "They Pray to the Money"; House Republicans Decry Speaker John Boehner's Lobbyist-Friendly Congress
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/08/07/pray-money-house-republicans-decry-speaker-john-boehner-lobbyist-run-congress/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boehner
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2021/04/john-boehner-memoir-review.html

tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
medicare part-d posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d
posts mentioning Comptroller General
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
military-industrial complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

self-documenting APL, not COBOL and tricks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: self-documenting APL, not COBOL and tricks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Dec 2022 10:59:29 -1000
greymaus <greymaus@dmaus.org> writes:
The battle ship `Bismarck' and the big Japanese one as well. One of the reasons for the Attack on Pe[a]rl Harbour was the US refusal to sell the Japanese scrap steel. The japanese wanted it for to build superbattleships that turned out to be useless later.

Hull Note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note

Story that (assistant SECTREAS) Harry Dexter White was operating on behalf of Stalin ... Stalin had sent White draft of ten demands to include in ultimatum hoping to provoke Japan into opening a war with US ... Stalin was already dealing with 3/4ths of German military in the west and was worried that Japan would open a second front in the east.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
More Venona https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project
https://www.nsa.gov/news-features/declassified-documents/venona/

Benn Stein in "The Battle of Bretton Woods" spends pages 55-58 discussing "Operation Snow".
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/
pg56/loc1065-66:
The Soviets had, according to Karpov, used White to provoke Japan to attack the United States. The scheme even had a name: "Operation Snow," snow referring to White.

... snip ..

also: Another example of White acting as an agent of influence for the Soviet Union was his obstruction of an authorized $200 million loan to Nationalist China in 1943, which he had been officially instructed to execute. ... contributing to Nationalist loosing China.

There is folklore that US used the bombs to warn off Soviets. The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It. Seventy years after the bombing, will Americans face the brutal truth?
https://www.thenation.com/article/world/why-the-us-really-bombed-hiroshima/

Supposedly Roosevelt didn't feel that US could defeat Japan alone and had understanding with Stalin that the Soviets would attack Japan after Germany was defeated. Stalin sent in 1.5M soldiers into Manchuria and quickly defeated million Japanese and was supposedly within three days of invading the Japanese homeland ... compared to US attacked Okinawa with 600,000 military and battleships to defeat 76,000 Japanese ... and might be months away from invading Japanese homeland.

... other trivia: Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway
https://www.historynet.com/wwii-book-review-shattered-sword/
The Untold story of the Battle of Midway
http://www.shatteredswordbook.com/reviews.htm
Shattered Sword
http://www.combinedfleet.com/MidwayBook.htm

... the age of the battleship was passing, it was now the time of the carriers

Parshall's Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway
https://www.amazon.com/Shattered-Sword-Untold-Battle-Japanese-ebook/dp/B005NIQ8SM/
pg5/loc76-78:
The battleships wouldn't be sailing this morning. No surprise there, joked Akagi's crewmen–they hadn't done anything during the entire war. For them the battleships were irrelevant, nothing more than a symbol of a bygone era. Worse yet, in the workaholic culture of the Imperial Navy, which, popular lore had it, operated eight days a week, the battleships were seen as slackers.

... snip ...

other comments about the bombing of Pearl & battleships ... they didn't get the fuel dumps (which would have taken months to replenish), they didn't get the carriers, and taking out the battleships accelerated the US Navy cultural transition to carriers.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Dexter White, Hull note, &/or Shattered Sword posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#103 Who Knew ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#102 Who Knew ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#81 "The Spoils of War": How Profits Rather Than Empire Define Success for the Pentagon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#109 The Age of Battleships Is Dead and Long Gone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#95 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#91 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#30 The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#29 The Shape of Things to Come: Why the Pentagon Must Embrace Soft Power to Compete with China
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#78 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#48 Here's what Nobel Prize-winning research says will make you more influential
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#35 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#49 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#71 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#85 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#81 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#113 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#75 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Air Force unveils B-21 stealth plane. It's not a boondoggle, for a change

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Air Force unveils B-21 stealth plane. It's not a boondoggle, for a change
Date: 06 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Air Force unveils B-21 stealth plane. It's not a boondoggle, for a change.
https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/air-force-unveils-b-21-stealth-plane-bomber-not-boondoggle-change-rcna59674

and

B-21 Raider: World's First 6th-Gen Warplane Unveiled! Can Penetrate 'Toughest Defenses Anywhere In the World'
https://eurasiantimes.com/b-21-raider-worlds-first-6th-gen-warplane-unveiled-can-penetrate/
Air Force unveils B-21 Raider stealth aircraft
https://www.cnn.com/2022/12/02/politics/b-21-stealth-bomber-air-force/index.html
US Air Force reveals B-21 Raider stealth bomber
https://www.theregister.com/2022/12/03/us_air_force_reveals_b21/
This Is The B-21 Raider Stealth Bomber (Updated)
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/this-is-the-b-21-raider-stealth-bomber
The secret's out: Pentagon unveils its newest stealth bomber
https://www.politico.com/news/2022/12/02/pentagon-unveils-newest-stealth-bomber-00071999
After Years of Secrecy Air Force Rolls Out B 21 Raider Bomber
https://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/articles/2022/12/2/after-years-of-secrecy-air-force-rolls-out-b-21-raider-bomber
The Air Force Reveals New B-21 Bomber, Keeping the Pilot for Now
https://www.military.com/daily-news/2022/12/03/air-force-reveals-new-b-21-bomber-keeping-pilot-now.html
US Air Force Unveils B-21 Bomber After Marking 75th Anniversary
https://www.cnet.com/science/us-air-force-unveils-b-21-bomber-after-marking-75th-anniversary/

2011 naval academy conference ... somebody observed/claimed that work for F35 had been going on for 20yrs ... and it would be at least another decade before deployable (30yrs/generation while drones were going through generation/month). F35 originally designed as bomb truck assuming F22 was flying cover to handle real threats. F35 compared to original prototype, stealth characteristics significantly compromised.
http://www.ausairpower.net/jsf.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-JSF-Analysis.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html

Some years ago I got into arguments with some F35 supporters (claiming F35 would replace/obsolete all other jets, including growlers radar jamming). Doing some online research, found website that went into some detail that F35 "stealth" was cost reduced assuming F22 would fly cover ... going into some detail about F35 radar signature from different angles and at different frequencies. Also found 2011 article about radar technology that had claim ability to do real-time tracking/targeting of stealth jets required more compute power than was currently available. Early 2015, DOD put export restrictions on certain computer technology. Fall 2015, supercomputer conference, China showed they started building their own supercomputer chips (also used for radar signatures). YE2017, self-driving cars had 100 times the compute power that 2011 radar article said was needed to real-time stealth tracking/targeting. More recently newer generations of radar jamming pods for growlers and F35 strategy for large swarms of F35s firing long-range missiles "over the horizon".

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

some posts mentioning F-35:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#25 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#55 F-35A fighters unreliable, 'unready 234 times over 18-month period'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#58 Secret spending by the weapons industry is making us less safe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#25 Powerless F-35s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#15 China VSLI Foundry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#9 China VSLI Foundry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#101 The US's best stealth jets are pretty easy to spot on radar, but that doesn't make it any easier to stop them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#2 The Bunker: Pentagon Hardware Hijinks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#105 The Bunker: Pentagon Hardware Hijinks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#78 Future F-35 Upgrades Send Program into Tailspin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#90 Navy confirms video and photo of F-35 that crashed in South China Sea are real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#95 Finland picks F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#94 Finland picks F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#67 A Mini F-35?: Don't Go Crazy Over the Air Force's Stealth XQ-58A Valkyrie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#88 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#55 America's 'White Elephant': Why F-35 Stealth Jets Are USAF's 'Achilles Heel' Amid Growing Chinese Threats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#48 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#17 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#16 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#87 The Bunker: Follow All of the Money. F-35 Math 1.0 Another portent of problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#48 The F-35 Fighter Jet Program Must be Grounded to Protect Pilots and Tax Dollars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#88 The Bunker: More Rot in the Ranks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#46 SitRep: Is the F-35 officially a failure? Cost overruns, other issues prompt Air Force to look for "clean sheet" fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#35 US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#18 Did They Miss Yet Another F-35 Cost Overrun?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#77 Cancel the F-35, Fund Infrastructure Instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#0 THE PENTAGON'S FLYING FIASCO. Don't look now, but the F-35 is afterburnered toast
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#82 The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#11 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#102 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Boeing's last 747 to roll out of Washington state factory

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Boeing's last 747 to roll out of Washington state factory
Date: 06 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Boeing's last 747 to roll out of Washington state factory
https://techxplore.com/news/2022-12-boeing-washington-state-factory.html

I had taken two credit hr intro to fortran/computers, at the end of the semester was hired as student programmer ... the univ. shutdown datacenter weekends and I would have the whole place dedicated for the weekend (although 48hrs w/o sleep made Monday morning classes hard). Within a year of the intro class, was hired fulltime by univ. responsible for IBM mainframe systems.

Then before I graduate, was hired fulltime into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thought Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world, IBM 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around machine room. Lots of politics between Renton director and CFO, who only had a 360/30 up at Boeing Field for payroll (although they enlarge the machine room for a 360/67 that I could play with when I wasn't doing other stuff).

747#3 was flying skies of Seattle getting FAA flt certification. Had fun hearing stories from 747 engineers. A tour of 747 cabin mockup south of Boeing Field claimed that 747 would never have fewer than four jetways (because of the large number of passengers); when has anybody even observed more than two jetways?

some posts earlier this year mentioning boeing cfo/bcs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#4 IBM CAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#63 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#26 Why Things Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#11 360 Powerup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#42 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#13 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#10 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#9 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#110 Window Display Ground Floor Datacenters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#106 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#100 IBM Stretch (7030) -- Aggressive Uniprocessor Parallelism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#95 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#91 Short-term profits and long-term consequences -- did Jack Welch break capitalism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#57 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#19 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#10 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#72 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#42 Why did Dennis Ritchie write that UNIX was a modern implementation of CTSS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#8 Cloud Timesharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#2 IBM 2250 Graphics Display
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#0 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#126 Google Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#117 Downfall: The Case Against Boeing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#73 IBM Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#35 Dataprocessing Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#27 Dataprocessing Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#10 Seattle Dataprocessing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#120 Series/1 VTAM/NCP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#109 Not counting dividends IBM delivered an annualized yearly loss of 2.27%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#73 MVT storage management issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#48 Mainframe Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#30 CP67 and BPS Loader
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#22 IBM IBU (Independent Business Unit)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#12 Programming Skills

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

self-documenting APL, not COBOL and tricks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: self-documenting APL, not COBOL and tricks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 06 Dec 2022 12:51:48 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
I don't recall the details, but I read that when the Japanese surrendered in Manchuria we had them keep their guns and put them to work maintaining order.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#80 self-documenting APL, not COBOL and tricks

... from law of unattended consequences, another story is that after defeat of Japan, the chinese army units that had been in Japanese occupied territory, tried to come over to the nationalists, but was vetoed by the US, so they went over to communists. In the Korean war, it were those chinese army units that were sent to Korea to fight the US (part of the stories how china was given to the communists).

military-industrial(-congressional) complext posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

some past references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#67 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#50 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#60 Reviewing The China Mission
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#72 This Kind of War: The Classic Military History of the Korean War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#74 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#64 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CDC, Cray, Supercomputers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CDC, Cray, Supercomputers
Date: 07 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Thornton and Cray had done cdc6600 ... Cray left to form cray research and Thornton left to form network systems (makers of hyperchannel).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CDC_6600
The CDC 6600 was the flagship of the 6000 series of mainframe computer systems manufactured by Control Data Corporation.[9][10] Generally considered to be the first successful supercomputer, it outperformed the industry's prior record holder, the IBM 7030 Stretch, by a factor of three.[11][12] With performance of up to three megaFLOPS,[13][14] the CDC 6600 was the world's fastest computer from 1964 to 1969, when it relinquished that status to its successor, the CDC 7600.[15]

... snip ...

CDC 6600
http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/CDC_6600
Working with Jim Thornton, who was the system architect and the 'hidden genius' behind the 6600, the machine soon took form.

... snip ...

"Considerations In Computer Design - Leading Up To The Control Data 6600" (1963)
https://cseweb.ucsd.edu/classes/sp11/cse240C-a/Papers/thornton_6600_paper.pdf
"DESIGN Of A COMPUTER: The Control Data 6600" (1970)
https://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/text/CDC/cdc.6600.thornton.design_of_a_computer_the_control_data_6600.1970.102630394.pdf

When I was doing HSDT in IBM ... had some amount to do with NSC (and the former CDC people). HSDT started in early 80s with T1 and faster computer links ... and was working with director of NSF and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. HYPERchannel was fairly standard in the supercomputer centers, so HSDT had some number of their boxes for connectivity. As I've periodically commented, then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen, and finally an RFP is released. Old archived post with copy of preliminary announce (Mar1986)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

... snip ...

... internal IBM politics prevent us from bidding on the RFP. the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as did claims that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of the winning bid). As regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Later when doing HA/CMP cluster scaleup (commercial scaleup with RDBMS vendors and technical/scientific with national labs), spent a lot of time with LLNL ... including getting their Cray UNICOS LINCS filesystem ported to HA/CMP (as Unitree). Related post:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

other (CRAY) trivia: Communication group had been fighting off release of mainframe TCP/IP. When they lost, they changed their tactic and said that because they had corporate strategic ownership that crossed datacenter walls, TCP/IP had to be release through them. What shipped got aggregate 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the changes for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and IBM 4341, got sustained channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed)

RFC1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

some other related linkedin posts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

and some archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#54 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#106 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#107 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#109 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#111 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#112 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#117 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#26 Inventing the Internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Three Signals We've Entered a New Economic Era

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Three Signals We've Entered a New Economic Era
Date: 09 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Three Signals We've Entered a New Economic Era
https://www.nytimes.com/2022/12/09/opinion/ezra-klein-podcast-mohamed-el-erian.html
There are few people who understand financial markets or central banking as deeply as El-Erian. He is the chief economic adviser at Allianz, the president of Queens' College, Cambridge, and the author of multiple books, including, most recently, "The Only Game in Town: Central Banks, Instability and Recovering From Another Collapse." Until 2014, he was the C.E.O. of PIMCO -- which under his leadership was the largest bond manager in the world.

... snip ...

... late summer 2008, PIMCO picked up a few tens of billions in off-book toxic CDOs from CITI at 22cents on the dollar (establishing "mark-to-market"). Year-end 2008, just the four largest Too Big To Fail were still carrying $5.2T in off-book toxic CDOs (if forced to bring back on the books at market vallue 22cents/dollar, they would have all been declared insolvent and forced to liquidate)

Jan1999 I was also asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed) ... I was told some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the 80s S&L Crisis, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, and then IPO for a couple billion; needed to fail so field would be clear for next round), and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages.

Oct 2008, congressional hearings into the economic mess had testimony that the rating agencies were paid for triple-A ratings on securitized loans and mortgages (when they knew they weren't worth triple-A), largely enabling to do over $27T selling into the bond market, 2001-2008. SECTREAS convinced congress for TARP funds, supposedly to buy the off-book, toxic assets (TBTF bailout") ... but only $700B was appropriated, which would have hardly made a dent ... even for just the four largest Too Big To Fail ($5.2T still carried YE2008). TARP was then used for other purposes.

The Federal Reserve fought a legal battle to prevent disclosing that they were doing the real bailout (buying trillions in off-book toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar, and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds). When the FEDRES lost the legal battle, the FEDRES chairman held a press conference and said that he had believed the Too Big To Fail would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he couldn't force them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds). Note the chairman had partially been selected for having been a depression scholar, when FEDRES tried something similar with similar results, so chairman shouldn't have had any expectations that there would be different results this time.

Other trivia: the rhetoric in congress for Sarbanes-Oxley was that it would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, but it required that SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, showing that they even increased after SOX went into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Less known is that SOX also required SEC to do something about the rating agencies.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A) toxic asset posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
FED Chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP fund posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
Sarbanes Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
finanncial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe TCP/IP

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe TCP/IP
Date: 12 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Middle 80s, communication group had been fighting off release of mainframe TCP/IP. When they lost, they changed their tactic and said that because they had corporate strategic ownership for everything that crossed datacenter walls, TCP/IP product had to be released through them. What shipped got aggregate 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the changes for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and IBM 4341, got sustained channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed). The communication group also strongly opposed me being on (Chesson's) XTP technical advisory board.

RFC 1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
xtphsp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

Late 80s, an analysis of VTAM LU6.2 and BSD4.3 Reno/Tahoe TCP ... had VTAM executing 160k instructions for LU6.2 and 15 buffer copies (processor overhead for 15 buffer copies on large scale cache machine could exceed processor time for 160k instructions) compared to BSD4.3 Reno/Tahoe for TCP doing 5k instructions and five buffer copies. Later communication group hired a silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP support directly in VTAM. What he initially demonstrated was TCP running much faster than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "knows" that a properly implemented TCP is much slower than LU6.2 and they would only be paying for a "proper" implementation.

a little topic drift:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
and
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

archived "zvm 50th part 3: & "inventing internet" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#84 CDC, Cray, Supercomputers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#72 The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#59 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#58 Model Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#43 1973 ARPANET Map
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#74 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Senate blocks major anti-money laundering bill, the Enablers Act

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US Senate blocks major anti-money laundering bill, the Enablers Act
Date: 13 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
US Senate blocks major anti-money laundering bill, the Enablers Act. Lawmakers are hopeful that the legislation, introduced last year in the wake of the Pandora Papers, will be passed through alternative means.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/pandora-papers/us-senate-blocks-major-anti-money-laundering-bill-the-enablers-act/
A bipartisan group of lawmakers introduced the Enablers Act last year citing the Pandora Papers investigation, a collaboration by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, the Washington Post and other media organizations.

... snip ...

money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax havens posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

some posts specificially mentioning Panora Papers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#38 US Tops World Financial Secrecy Ranking, Enabling With Tax, Legal Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#35 Nearly $500 billion lost yearly to global tax abuse due mostly to corporations, new analysis says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#6 The COVID Supply Chain Breakdown Can Be Traced to Capitalist Globalization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#44 The City of London Is Hiding the World's Stolen Money
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#17 Trashing the planet and hiding the money isn't a perversion of capitalism. It is capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#8 Pandora Papers: 'Biggest-Ever' Bombshell Leak Exposes Financial Secrets of the Super-Rich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#6 Pandora Papers: 'Biggest-Ever' Bombshell Leak Exposes Financial Secrets of the Super-Rich

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Psychology of Computer Programming

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Psychology of Computer Programming
Date: 14 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook

How many of you Old Farts read The Psychology of Computer Programming by Gerald Weinberg? Do you still have a copy?

... snip ...

The Psychology of Computer Programming: Silver Anniversary eBook Edition
https://www.amazon.com/Psychology-Computer-Programming-Silver-Anniversary-ebook/dp/B004R9QACC/

My observation from 50 some yrs ago are that all the really hard problems are people ... related recent tome on bureaucrats and careerists destroying watson legacy (and IBM)
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some archived posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

As US-style corporate leniency deals for bribery and corruption go global, repeat offenders are on the rise

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: As US-style corporate leniency deals for bribery and corruption go global, repeat offenders are on the rise.
Date: 14 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
As US-style corporate leniency deals for bribery and corruption go global, repeat offenders are on the rise. An ICIJ analysis finds a surge in closed-door non-prosecution agreements, with more governments allowing companies to pay to settle cases. But deep-pocketed firms keep breaking the law.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/ericsson-list/as-us-style-corporate-leniency-deals-for-bribery-and-corruption-go-global-repeat-offenders-are-on-the-rise/

"deferred prosecution"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deferred_prosecution

repeated "deferred prosecution" of the too big to fail for the same offenses continued to happen all during (and after) the "economic mess" (2001-2008).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
Too Big To Fail (Too Big To Prosecute, Too Big To Jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

some past posts mentioning "deferred prosecution"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#73 Wall Street Has Deployed a Dirty Tricks Playbook Against Whistleblowers for Decades, Now the Secrets Are Spilling Out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#60 Dirty Money, Shiny Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#56 Feds WIMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#39 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#13 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#45 Western Union Admits Anti-Money Laundering and Consumer Fraud Violations, Forfeits $586 Million in Settlement with Justice Department and Federal Trade Commission
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#109 Why Aren't Any Bankers in Prison for Causing the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#99 Why Is the Obama Administration Trying to Keep 11,000 Documents Sealed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#41 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#29 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#73 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#0 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#10 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#65 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#47 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#44 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#31 Talk of Criminally Prosecuting Corporations Up, Actual Prosecutions Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#61 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#57 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#37 LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#44 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#23 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#80 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#10 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Psychology of Computer Programming

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Psychology of Computer Programming
Date: 14 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#88 Psychology of Computer Programming

from "Real Programmers" ... long ago and far away:
Real Programmers never work 9 to 5. If any real programmers are around at 9am, it's because they were up all night.

... snip ...

... aka much more productive working w/o interruptions.

past archived postings of "Real Programmers":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#31 High Level Language Systems was Re: computer books/authors (Re: FA:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#39 Why Use *-* ?

trivia: In wake of "tandem memos" (see wild ducks/boyd ref), one of the results was a researcher was paid to sit in the back of my office for nine months, studying how I communicated; they went with me to meetings, got logs of all instant messages, and copies of all incoming/outgoing email (some stat for the 9months, I had interactions with avg of 270 different people/week). Results was IBM research reports, conferences talks&papers, and Stanford Phd (joint with language & computer AI, winograd was advisor on computer side). The research had been ESL (English as 2nd language) instructor in prior life and commented that I had all the characteristics of non-native English speaker (even tho I have no other natural language) ... some amount of discussion about "real programmers" think directly in computer abstractions ... not translating specifications into code.

online computer communication/conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

AL Gore Invented The Internet

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: AL Gore Invented The Internet
Date: 15 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet

Originally requirement was for T1 links (what we already had running), but only 440kbit/sec links were installed and possibly to make it look like meeting requirement ... T1 trunks with telco multiplexers were installed (running multiple 440kbit/sec links per trunk). I use to ridicule saying why don't they call it a T5 network since some of the T1 trunks were likely multiplexed over T5 trunks at some point. Later claim was what the winning bid deployed what was more than four times the bid (various justification for why such sizable non-profit donations to the gov) ... also "donations" contributed to excuse for all the "acceptable use policies" by nsfnet and regional networks (usually some sort of non-commercial requirement). I tended to archive some number of these ... from early 90s:
INDEX FOR NSFNET Policies and Procedures 3 Jun 93

This directory contains information about the policies and procedures established by the National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) and its associated networks. These documents were collected by the NSF Network Service Center (NNSC). With thanks to the NNSC and Bolt Berenek and Newman, Inc., they are now available by anonymous FTP from InterNIC Directory and Database Services on ds.internic.net.


... list:

ans.policy, barrnet.policy, cerfnet.policy, cicnet.policy, cren.policy, farnet.policy, fricc.policy, indnet.policy, jvnc.policy, los-nettos.policy, michnet.policy, mrnet.policy, ncsanet.policy, nearnet.policy, nevadanet.policy, northwestnet.policy, nsfnet.policy, nysernet.policy, oarnet.policy, onet.policy, prepnet.policy, uninet.policy

... snip ...

Possibly figuring to shutdown my sniping ... for the "T3 upgrade", I was asked to be the "red team" ... and there were representatives from half dozen labs around the world on the "blue team". I presented first, then one of the blue team presented. Five minutes into the blue team presentation, the executive running the review, banged on the table and said he would lay down in front of a garbage truck before any but the "blue team" proposal went forward (I then walked out along with some number of other people).

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Psychology of Computer Programming

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Psychology of Computer Programming
Date: 15 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#88 Psychology of Computer Programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#90 Psychology of Computer Programming

... SQL trivia ... original sql/relational implementation was System/R. After transfer to SJR did some work on it with Vera Watson and Jim Gray ... who palmed off some amount of stuff on me when he left for TANDEM (also referenced in above ducks/Boyd url) ... made it easier later working on HA/CMP cluster scaleup with the RDBMS vendors (also referenced in the ducks/Boyd url)

John Boyd, IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
System/R posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

re: ducks&boyd also goes into IBM downfall and by early 90s and was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. This gets into "lack of words" organizations, Martial Arts OODA-loop
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/lynnwheeler_john-boyd-usaf-the-fighter-pilot-who-changed-activity-6807163421579186176-ZO9G/
ooda-loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
and Coup d'oeil
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coup_d%27%C5%93il
and EFBAS
https://slightlyeastofnew.com/2014/12/23/another-candidate-for-ebfas/
and "Fingerspitzengefuhl"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fingerspitzengef%C3%BChl
related concepts
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fingerspitzengef%C3%BChl#Related_concepts
The concept may be compared to ideas about intuition and neural net programming. The same phenomenon, but conceptualized in a radically different way, seems to be described by D.T. Suzuki in swordsmanship teaching stories recounted in his Zen and Japanese Culture, and given in analytical detail in Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis.[5]

... snip ...

... organizational example, How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers
To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.


... snip ...

Boyd posts & WEB urls
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360
Date: 16 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
claims are major motivation for FS was a countermeasure to clone controllers, completely different from 360 and so complex that it would be too difficult to keep up with compatible products
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm

... but the (failing) FS was project too complex for IBM ... and lack of new 370 products during the period gave clone processor makers their market foothold (and sales/marketing had to rely on an enormous amount of FUD). more detail
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

somewhat having shot themselves with shutting down ACS/360 (executives were afraid that it would advance the state-of-the-art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market)
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

70s budding Future System disaster, from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 ....
"and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive."

... snip ...

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

my recent tome on executives destroying watson legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

A decade ago, I was asked to track down the decision to make all 370s virtual memory. I found somebody that reported to the executive making the decision. Basically MVT storage management was so bad, regions had to be four times larger than typically used. As a result, a standard 1mbyte 370/165 only had four regions, insufficient to keep the machine busy and justified. Going to virtual memory (initially VS2/SVS, very similar to running MVT in CP67 16mbyte virtual machine), would allow increasing the number of regions by a factor of four times with little or no paging. Ludlow is doing initial work on MVT for SVS on 360/67 and biggest code is for EXCP/SVC0 making copy of passed channel programs, replacing virtual addresses with real ... and crafts in CP67 CCWTRANS (that provides similar function for virtual machine channel programs) into EXCP/SVC0. some archived/posting pieces of the email exchange
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

virtual memory, page replacement algorithms, demand paging posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock

clone controller trivia: within year of taking two credit hr intro to fortran/computers, univ. hired me full time responsible for os360 running on 360/67 (originally sold for tss/360 which never came to production fruition ... so mostly ran as 360/65 w/os360). Univ. shutdown datacenter over the weekends ... so I had the whole place dedicated to myself, although 48hrs w/o sleep sometimes made monday classes hard. Then 3people from IBM science center came out and installed CP67 (3rd after cambridge itself and mit lincoln labs) ... and I got to mostly play with it on my weekend dedicated time. CP67 had 1052 & 2741 terminal support with automagic terminal type identification. Univ. had some number of tty/33 terminals so I added ascii support integrated with automagic terminal type (any terminal on almost any port and it would identify type correctly). I wanted to have single phone number for all terminal types ... hunt group
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting
didn't quite work since IBM had taken short cut and hard wired line speed for each port.

Thus was born the univ project to build our own clone controller ... building (wire-wrap) channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate the IBM controller with the addition of supporting automatic line speed. Later it was enhanced with Interdata/4 for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for the port interfaces. Interdata (and later Perkin/Elmer) sell it commercially as IBM clone controller. Four of us at the univ. get written up responsible for (some part of the) clone controller business.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perkin-Elmer#Computer_Systems_Division
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concurrent_Computer_Corporation

clone controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360
Date: 16 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360

The IBM communication group was fiercely fighting off release of mainframe TCP/IP support (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base) ... then in part because increasing univ. requirements, they eventually lost ... at which point they changed their strategy and said that since the communication group had corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls ... any mainframe TCP/IP product had to be released through them (communication group). What eventually shipped took nearly whole 3090 processor getting 44kbytes/sec aggregate. I then added RFC1044 support and in some tuning tests at Cray Research, between Cray and (one MIP) IBM 4341 got sustained mbyte/sec channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

rfc 1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

The communication group was distributing internally, inside IBM, misinformation about TCP/IP, NSFnet, univ. customers, etc. Somebody collected a lot of the (misinformation) email and forwarded to us ... heavily clipped and redacted to protect the guilty:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

nsfnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

In the late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at communication group internal, annual, world-wide conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk with the comment that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division (their fierce opposition to client/server and distributed computing); the disk division was seeing data fleeing the mainframe to more distributed computing friendly platforms with a drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions, but they were continually veto'ed by the communication group (with their corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls).

communication group dumb terminal defense posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

more on IBM battling TCP/IP and Internet
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/

Later in the 90s, the communication group hired silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP support directly in mainframe VTAM. He initially demo'ed TCP/IP running much faster than (SNA) LU6.2. He was then told that "everybody knows" that a "proper" TCP implementation runs much slower than LU6.2 ... and they would only be paying for a "proper" TCP/IP implementation.

late 80s analysis, unix bsd tahoe/reno tcp/ip stack had 5k instruction pathlength and five buffer copies. By comparison, (mainframe) VTAM LU6.2 had 160k instruction pathlength and 15 buffer copies (at the time, that many large record buffer copies on cache machine could have involved more CPU time than the 160k instructions).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Folks in Canada, Illinois etc. may now laugh

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Folks in Canada, Illinois etc. may now laugh
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 16 Dec 2022 12:01:01 -1000
Mike Spencer <mds@bogus.nodomain.nowhere> writes:
It's subjective, innit? I used to live where there were regularly weeks in January when nights were -20F and days never got above 0F. But a friend moved there upon retirement mainly to get to the milder winter weather. He had spent ca. 30 years just outside of Fairbanks, Alaska.

Winters are plenty chilly enough where I've now been for 50 years but we've never seen a night at -20F or a whole week below 0F in that time. Four feet of snow in three weeks, yes, bit not the cold.


one week at the univ. ... highs were -27F and one night had the record low for CONUS of -55F (tried to verify claim about throwing cold water into the air that it would freeze before it hit the snow, couldn't tell for sure) ... still had to walk to classes.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 3270

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 3270
Date: 17 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
3277 had most of the logic in keyboard and screen head ... enough so that it could be tweaked to improve human factors ... also wire in large screen graphics terminal into side (sort of inexpensive 2250) for 3277GA. Then they moved much of the electronics back into the shared 3274 controller for 3278s (reducing terminal manufacturing costs) ... enormously increasing coax protocol chatter.

This was back in the day of studies about increased productivity with quarter second response. Several internal labs were bragging about having quarter second system response ... however 3272/3277 had hardware response of .086 sec ... so needed .164 system response for human to see .25 response. After joining IBM one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... and in this time frame was seeing .11 system response (similar workloads and hardware configurations to other systems seeing .25). However, with much of the 3270 processing moved back into the 3274 controller and increase in latency from all the coax protocol chatter, 3274/3278 was seeing at least .3sec-.5sec hardware response (so never could make the .25 total human response).

Of course it wasn't noticed by the MVS/TSO systems since they rarely had even one sec system response (and usually much worse). Letter to the 3278 product administrator about worsening interactive computing human factors eventually got back reply that the 3278 wasn't an interactive computing terminal but targeted for "data entry" (aka electronic keypunch). Also could see the difference with IBM/PC, where a 3277 terminal card would have at least three times the upload/download throughput of a 3278 terminal card (because of the enormous increase in 3278 coax protocol chatter).

past posts mentioning 3272/3277 & 3274/3278
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#18 3270 Trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#68 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#123 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#110 IBM 4341 & 3270
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#33 IBM 3270 Terminals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#94 VM/370 Interactive Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#0 Colours on screen (mainframe history question) [EXTERNAL]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#84 3272/3277 interactive computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#28 XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#54 PROFS, email, 3270
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#32 Walt Doherty - RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#38 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#33 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#38 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#127 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#90 Just for a laugh ... How to spot an old IBMer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360
Date: 17 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#94 IBM 360

More than you may want to know ... trivia ... my wife did short stint as chief architect for Amadeus ... bldg European airline res system off the old eastern system/one ... she didn't last long, she sided with europeans on x.25 and the communication group got her replaced ... but didn't do them much good ... since Europeans went with x.25 anyway (and their replacement was replaced)

She was then writing (IBM fsd) response to gov request for super secure, high performance, large campus environment ... she wrote in 3tier architecture, high speed routers and ethernet cards. We were then out pitching it to corporate executives showing much cheaper, much higher performance, much better price/performance and function.

We were taking fabricated, misinformation and FUD arrows in the back from SNA and SAA folks. The SAA executive had large top flr corner office in Somers, we would periodically drop by and complain how badly SAA(&SNA) people were behaving. Back in the 70s he had con"ed me into helping with (Endicott's) 138/148 and then running around the world presenting business case to business planners/forecasters (I learned that US regional business people got promoted based on agreeing with what corporate said was strategic and the plants had to eat bad forecasts; non-US were a lot more dependable ... good forecasting was rewarded; countries ordered from plants and orders were shipped to the countries .. and they were responsible for bad forecasts).

past posts mentioning 3tier, middle layers, saa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

few past posts mentioning Amadeus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#10 Google Cloud Launches Service to Simplify Mainframe Modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#76 lock me up, was IBM Mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#75 lock me up, was IBM Mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#66 ACP/TPF 3083
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#71 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#67 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#60 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#45 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#0 IBM & SABRE

other posts mentioning 138/148
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#91 CDC6600, Cray, Thorton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#10 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#102 Mainframe Channel I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#9 VM/370 Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#56 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#108 TCMs & IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#101 IBM 4300, VS1, VM370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#66 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#65 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#41 CMSBACK & VMFPLC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#5 4361/3092
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#110 IBM 4341 & 3270
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#91 ECPS Microcode Assist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#87 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#55 Precursor to current virtual machines and containers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#33 138/148
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#119 70s & 80s mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#106 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#38 IBM Boeblingen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#4 IBM 370 and Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#4 IBM Lost Opportunities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#31 What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#107 3277 graphics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#91 IBM XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#69 Mainframe mid-range computing market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#66 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#62 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#49 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#34 HONE story/history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#54 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#39 If Memory Had Been Cheaper

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360
Date: 17 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#94 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#97 IBM 360

another communication group "dirty tricks" trivia; One of the baby bells had done a VTAM/NCP emulation implementation on IBM Series/1 ... all resources "owned" by the (distributed S/1) VTAM (with no single point of failure) emulating NCP to host vtam using "cross-domain". IBM marketing team con'ed me into turning it out as type-1 product quickly ported to the (planned) RS/6000. The IBM marketing team had lots of experience with communication group "dirty tricks" and were building brickwalls for everything they thot the communication group might try. The "type-1" product work would be subcontracted to the "baby bell" and the largest 37x5 customer was talked into fully funding the effort (business case that cost would be totally recovered within 9months using the type-1 S/1 product).

Part of presentation I made at Oct1986 SNA ARB in raleigh (tunneling SNA thru "real" networking)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
part of baby bell 1986 presentation at IBM COMMON user group meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

what the communication group did next can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction.

a few past archived posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#50 SystemView
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#32 IBM 37x5 Boxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#79 Peer-Coupled Shared Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#102 370/158 Integrated Channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#120 Series/1 VTAM/NCP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#115 Peer-Coupled Shared Data Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#87 IBM and Internet Old Farts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#14 IBM SNA ARB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#83 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#2 IBM Series/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#91 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#72 IMS Stories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#39 IBM IIN
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#114 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#109 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#106 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#52 Series/1 NCP/VTAM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#2 The rise and fall of IBM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360
Date: 17 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#94 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#97 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#98 IBM 360

Boeing people and IBM account team told an 360 announcement day story ... Boeing walked into the marketing rep's (who know little about 360) office and placed a large order ... making the rep the highest paid employee that year (on straight commission). This was supposedly IBM's motivation for moving from commission to quota the next year. However, Boeing gave him another large order in Jan ... making his quota for the year. IBM then recalculates his quota and he leaves IBM a short time later.

Note: I had taken two credit hr intro to fortran/computers and end of semester hired to rewrite 1401 MPIO in 360 assembler. Univ. had 709 tape->tape with 1401 unit record frontend ... and had been sold a 360/67 with TSS/360 replacing 709/1401. The 1401 was temporary replaced with 360/30 pending availability of 360/67. The univ. shutdown the datacenter on weekends; I was given a bunch of manuals and had the datacenter all to myself for the weekend (although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday morning classes hard). I got to design & implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, etc. Within a few weeks I had a 2000 card 360 assembler program. Within a year of taking intro class, the 360/67 had arrived and I was hired fulltime responsible for OS/360 (TSS/360 never came to production fruition and so 360/67 ran as 360/65). Student fortran jobs had run under a second on 709, but started out over a minute on (360/65) OS/360. I installed HASP, cutting the time in half. Then I started reorg'ing cards in STAGE2 SYSGEN, careful placement of files and PDS members to optimize disk arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search ... cutting another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. Student fortran never got better than 709 until I installed (Univ. of Waterloo's) WATFOR.

Before I graduate, I was hired fulltime into a small group in the Boeing CFO's office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services, consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities (sort of early cloud). I thought Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room. There was also lots of politics between director of Renton and CFO (who only had a 360/30 up at Boeing field for payroll, although they enlarge the machine room to install a 360/67 for me to play with when I wasn't doing other stuff).

Related to Future System disaster and bureaucrats/careerists destroying Watsons' legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

from old email (during Tandem memos) about 85/165/168/3033/trout (aka 3090) were all the same machine with tweaks here and there
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#email810423

also earlier reference that executives shutdown ACS/360 because they thought it would advance the state of the art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html
some ACS/360 features not showing up until more than 20yrs later with ES/9000.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

some posts mentioning working for Univ. and/or Boeing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#60 Fortran
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#30 Byte
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#11 360 Powerup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#8 CICS 53 Years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#45 IBM Chairman John Opel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#31 Technology Flashback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#0 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#110 Window Display Ground Floor Datacenters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#95 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#87 Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#78 US Takes Supercomputer Top Spot With First True Exascale Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#69 Mainframe History: How Mainframe Computers Evolved Over the Years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#57 CMS OS/360 Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#45 MGLRU Revved Once More For Promising Linux Performance Improvements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#19 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#10 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#8 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#35 Dataprocessing Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#126 On the origin of the /text section/ for code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#72 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#48 Mainframe Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#35 Error Handling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#12 Programming Skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#1 LLMPS, MPIO, DEBE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#1 PCP, MFT, MVT OS/360, VS1, & VS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#64 addressing and protection, was Paper about ISO C
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#63 IBM 360s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#61 Virtual Machine Debugging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#79 Where Would We Be Without the Paper Punch Card?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#20 1401 MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#19 1401 MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#47 Recode 1401 MPIO for 360/30
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#44 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#43 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#38 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#27 Learning EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360
Date: 17 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#94 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#97 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#98 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#99 IBM 360

story that 360s were originally suppose to be ASCII machines ... and they became EBCDIC machines instead (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine):
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM
some other related
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/BACSLASH.HTM
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/FATHEROF.HTM
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

some recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#65 Fred P. Brooks, 1931-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#63 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#24 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#116 What's different, was Why did Dennis Ritchie write that UNIX was a modern implementation of CTSS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#56 ASCI White
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#51 Why did Dennis Ritchie write that UNIX was a modern implementation of CTSS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#91 Computer BUNCH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#58 Interdata Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#13 360 Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#126 On the origin of the /text section/ for code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#44 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#92 EBCDIC Trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#7 IBM timesharing terminal--offline preparation?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PSR, IOS3270, 3092, & DUMPRX

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PSR, IOS3270, 3092, & DUMPRX
Date: 17 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
back in early days of REX (before renamed REXX and released to customers), I wanted to show REX wasn't just another scripting language. Demo chosen was to redo a large assembler application (problem analysis, dump reader) with ten times the function and running 10 times faster (some slight of hand for interpreted language run faster than assembler) in less than 3 months working half time ... I finished early so started library of automated scripts that search for most common failure signatures.

I had anticipated that it would replace existing app shipped to customers ... for whatever reason the didn't do it (even tho it was in use by nearly every internal datacenter and customer support PSR). I eventually got permission to give presentations on how I did the implementation at user group meetings and within a few months similar (customer) applications started to appear.

inside IBM, a green card was implemented in CMS IOS3270 (which was also used for all the 3092, 3090 service processor, screens). I added sense data originally from 360/67 "blue card" with some added devices. done a quick&dirty conversion to html:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html

some old email with the 3092 service processor group wanting to ship program analysis/dump reader ("dumprx")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

dumprx posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Pension

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Pension
Date: 17 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
1992, ibm has one of the largest losses in US company history and was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

had already left IBM, but get a call from the bowels of Armonk asking if could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts. However, before getting started, the board brings in a new CEO and reverses the breakup.

AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO (reverse IPO) of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president to help with RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

The Board hires former president of AMEX as new CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same tactics used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
above some IBM related specifics from
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/
lot more about careerists and bureaucrats destroying the Watson legacy.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360
Date: 18 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#94 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#97 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#98 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#99 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#100 IBM 360

trivia ... as/400 announce jun1988, ship aug1988 ... combination replacement for both s/36 and s/38 (some amount of s/38 features were "further" simplified or dropped)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_AS/400

folklore that after "Future System" implosion, some retreated to do S/38 (greatly simplified FS). However, one of the last nails in the FS coffin was analysis by Houston Science Center that if 370/195 apps were ported to FS machine made out of the fastest available hardware, they would have throughput of 370/145 ... 30 times slowdown. There was hardware 30 times faster to meet throughput requirements of the s/38 entry market. FS refs
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

there were several large 801/RISC efforts in the early 80s (including AS/400 followon to S36/S38 4361/4381 followon to 4331/4341), which all floundered for various reasons (returning to traditional CISC) and some number of engineers left for other vendors. 801/RISC ROMP was going to be for the displaywriter followon. When they got canceled they decided to retarget to the UNIX workstation market and hired the company that had done PC/IX for the IBM/PC, to do a UNIX for ROMP (which becomes AIX and PC/RT, precursor to RS/6000). In the 90s, AS/400 did move to 801/risc power/pc.

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

other trivia: I coined term disaster survivability and geographic survivability when out marketing HA/CMP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing
I was then asked to provide a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document ... however it got pulled when both Rochester/AS400 and POK/mainframe complained that they couldn't meet requirements.

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
continuous availability, disaster survivability, geographic survivability posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

the FS failure contributed to the destruction of the Watson legacy ... more
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360
Date: 19 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#94 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#97 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#98 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#99 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#100 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#103 IBM 360

The communication group was fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base ... along with severely performance kneecaping microchannel cards.

AWD (workstation division) had PC/RT with AT-bus and had done their own 4mbit token-ring card. Then the RS/6000 with microchannel, were told they could only use PS2 microchannel cards. One of the examples was the PS2 16mbit token-ring had lower card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card (i.e. a PC/RT 4mbit token-ring server would have higher throughput than RS/6000 16mbit token-ring server). Joke was that RS/6000 limited to the severely performance kneecaped PS2 microchannel cards wouldn't have better throughput than PS2/486 (token-ring, display, disks, etc).

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Late 80s, senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at internal, world-wide, annual communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talked with statement that the communication group would be responsible for the demise of the disk division. Scenario was that communication group had stranglehold on mainframe datacenters with their corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls (and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server). The disk division was seeing data fleeing mainframe datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms, with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

communication death grip and demise of disk division posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

It wasn't just mainframe disks that communication group had their death grip, but nearly all mainframes and a couple years later, IBM has one of the biggest losses in US company history and was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. Gone behind paywall, but lives free at wayback machine.
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

had already left IBM, but get a call from the bowels of Armonk asking if could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts. However, before getting started, the board brings in a new CEO and reverses the breakup.

Not long before leaving IBM, Boca had contracted with Dataquest (since acquired by Gartner) to do detailed study of PC business and its future ... including a video taped round table discussion of silicon valley experts. I had known the person running the Dataquest study for years and was asked to be one of the silicon valley experts (they promised to obfuscate my vitals so Boca wouldn't recognize me as IBM employee ... and I cleared it with my immediate management). I had also been posting SJMN sunday adverts of quantity one PC prices to IBM forums for a number of years (trying to show how out of touch with reality, Boca forecasts were).

Other trivia: disk division VP of software ... as a partial work around to communication group death grip on mainframe datacenters (and constant veto of disk division distributed computing products) was investing in distributed computing startups that would use IBM disks ... and he would periodically ask us to visit his investments to see if we could lend any help.

other references to bureaucrats and careerists destroying Watson legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

other recent archived posts referencing IBM bureaucrats and careerists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#92 Psychology of Computer Programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#88 Psychology of Computer Programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#84 CDC, Cray, Supercomputers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#77 The Internet Is Having Its Midlife Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#72 The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#58 Model Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#57 Christmas 1989
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#56 Tandem Memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#55 More John Boyd and OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#47 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#26 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#25 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#11 Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#67 30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#66 IBM Dress Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#31 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#73 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360
Date: 19 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#94 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#97 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#98 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#99 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#100 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#103 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#104 IBM 360

... saving IBM from breakup apparently also required turning it into a financial engineering company

AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO (reverse IPO) of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president to help with RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

The Board hires former president of AMEX as new CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same tactics used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
above some IBM related specifics from
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/
lot more about careerists and bureaucrats destroying the Watson legacy.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

IBM: No Longer The Investing Juggernaut Of Old
https://seekingalpha.com/article/4479605-ibm-no-longer-investing-juggernaut-of-old

stock buybacks use to be illegal (because it was too easy for executives to manipulate the market ... aka banned in wake of '29crash)
https://corpgov.law.harvard.edu/2020/10/23/the-dangers-of-buybacks-mitigating-common-pitfalls/
Buybacks are a fairly new phenomenon and have been gaining in popularity relative to dividends recently. All but banned in the US during the 1930s, buybacks were seen as a form of market manipulation. Buybacks were largely illegal until 1982, when the SEC adopted Rule 10B-18 (the safe-harbor provision) under the Reagan administration to combat corporate raiders. This change reintroduced buybacks in the US, leading to wider adoption around the world over the next 20 years. Figure 1 (below) shows that the use of buybacks in non-US companies grew from 14 percent in 1999 to 43 percent in 2018.

... snip ...

Stockman and IBM financial engineering company:
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

(2013) New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/
(2014) IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks (gone behind paywall)
https://web.archive.org/web/20140201174151/http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

(2016) After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
https://www.fool.com/investing/general/2016/04/25/after-forking-out-110-billion-on-stock-buybacks-ib.aspx
(2018) ... still doing buybacks ... but will (now?, finally?, a little?) shift focus needing it for redhat purchase.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/ibm-to-buy-back-up-to-4-billion-of-its-own-shares
(2019) IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket (gone behind paywall)
https://web.archive.org/web/20190417002701/https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-16/ibm-tumbles-after-reporting-worst-revenue-17-years-cloud-hits-air-pocket

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
pensions posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US health agency accused of bowing to drug industry with new opioid guidance

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US health agency accused of bowing to drug industry with new opioid guidance
Date: 19 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
US health agency accused of bowing to drug industry with new opioid guidance. Doctors say CDC's softer guidelines 'tossing aside' safety limits put lives at risk as opioid epidemic continues to rage in the country
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2022/dec/17/cdc-accused-opioid-guidelines-drug-industry-pressure

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

some past posts mentioning Opioid Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#57 Behind the Scenes, McKinsey Guided Companies at the Center of the Opioid Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#41 Your Money and Your Life: Private Equity Blasts Ethical Boundaries of American Medicine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#0 Billionaire Sacklers granted lifetime legal immunity in opioid settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#89 A Secret Opioid Memo That Could Have Slowed an Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#53 Patient Advocates Get Big Funding from Big Pharma
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#5 The drug industry's triumph over the DEA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#84 "Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#70 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downfall

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downfall
Date: 20 Dec, 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
IBM Downfall
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/

besides
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
there is "The rise and fall of IBM"
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm
somewhat related TCP/IP and Internet
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
other recent tomes
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/

IBM downfall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360
Date: 20 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#94 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#97 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#98 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#99 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#100 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#103 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#104 IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#105 IBM 360

after I transferred to sjr/bld28 in the 70s, i got sucked into playing part time disk engineer in bldg14&15, one of the stories, Mainframe Channel I/O
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/

the above mentions 3033 in bldg15. another story is the person doing air bearing simulation for floating head design was getting week or two turn around on sjr's 370/195 ... even with high priority. we set him up on the bldg15 3033 where he could get multiple turn arounds a day (even tho 3033 was less than half the throughput of the 370/195).

playing disk engineer in bldg14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

posts mentiong bldg15 3033 and floating head air bearing simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#9 3880 DASD Controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#74 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#73 IBM Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#64 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#97 This chemist is reimagining the discovery of materials using AI and automation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#28 IBM 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#83 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#57 DASD Development
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#41 VSAM usage for ancient disk models
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#61 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#134 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#26 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#26 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#77 Disk drive improvements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#52 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#43 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#18 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#6 Google Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#14 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#6 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#4 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#21 40th anniversary of IBM System/360 on 7 Apr 2004
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#45 hung/zombie users ... long boring, wandering story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#20 360 Microde Floating Point Fix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#69 Multics Concepts For the Contemporary Computing World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#30 Weird

Jan1979, I also got sucked into doing 4341 benchmarks for national lab on the engineering machine in bldg15 (endicott people were complaining that I had more 4341 time than them), they were looking to get 70 for a compute farm (sort of the leading edge of coming cluster supercomputing tsunami).

The MVS 370 people in bldg26 were starting to get traumatized ... by all the computing offloading to vm/4341s going into departmental areas (sort of the leading edge of the coming departmental computing tsunami). There was a couple GPD MVS apps that didn't run with CMS and its OS/360 simulation (some amount of developed VM370/CMS OS/360 simulation enhancements had gotten trashed when head of POK convinced corporate to kill VM370 product). Then VLSI group in bldg29 wrote 12kbytes of new OS/360 simulation that managed to move much of the remaining MVS-only apps to CMS.

posts mentioning rain/rain4 benchmarks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#89 CDC6600, Cray, Thorton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#94 IBM 3278
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#42 Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#51 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year -old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#44 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#116 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#71 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#37 History--computer performance comparison chart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#61 I Must Have Been Dreaming (36-bit word needed for ballistics?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#53 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#38 DEC/PDP minicomputers for business in 1968?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#54 mainframe performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#21 moving on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#31 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#25 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#4 misc. old benchmarks (4331 & 11/750)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#22 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#19 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#7 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#75 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#0 Microcode?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#67 Pentium 4 Prefetch engine?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#0 Is a VAX a mainframe?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

terminals and servers, was How convergent was the general use of binary floating point?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: terminals and servers, was How convergent was the general use of binary floating point?
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 21 Dec 2022 14:02:18 -1000
anton@mips.complang.tuwien.ac.at (Anton Ertl) writes:
I find that hard to believe. In 1993 I bought a 486/66 with 16MB memory, a 340MB disk, a 14" screen and a keyboard for ATS 40,000 (~USD 3300). The disk proved too small, so I bought a 540MB disk for ATS 4800 (~USD 400) shortly after (in 1994). The Pentium was already out at the time, so the 486/66 was no longer a high-end model, whereas a 486/33 was the fastest PC you could get in 1990 (the 486/33 only appeared in May 1990).

The Amiga 1200 with a 14MHz 68EC020, 2MB RAM, and without HDD was introduced for $599 in 1992.


from a recent archived afc post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#38 Christmas 1989
I was posting SJMN sunday adverts on internal IBM forums showing prices significantly cheaper than IBM Boca/PS2 predictions. Then had of Boca contracted with Dataquest (since bought by Gartner) to do study of future of PC ... including several hr video taped round table of silicon valley experts. The responsible person at Datquest I had known for a number of years and asked me to be one of the experts ... and promised to garble my identity so Boca wouldn't recognize me as an IBM employee.

note fall 88 , clone makers on the other side of the pacific, had built up large inventory of 286 machines for the xmas season ... and then Intel announce 386sx (386sx consolidated lots of chips needed for 286 build) and the market/prices drops out of the 286.

...

also reposted in archived long-winded facebook thread which also wanders into the IBM communication group responsible for the downfall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#104 IBM 360
Not long before leaving IBM, Boca had contracted with Dataquest (since acquired by Gartner) to do detailed study of PC business and its future ... including a video taped round table discussion of silicon valley experts. I had known the person running the Dataquest study for years and was asked to be one of the silicon valley experts (they promised to obfuscate my vitals so Boca wouldn't recognize me as IBM employee ... and I cleared it with my immediate management). I had also been posting SJMN sunday adverts of quantity one PC prices to IBM forums for a number of years (trying to show how out of touch with reality, Boca forecasts were).
...

from long ago archived afc post (with some of the earlier SJMN sunday adverts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#79 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)

from other PC posts; 30 years of personal computer market share figures
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/
and has graph of personal computer sales 1975-1980
http://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/3/
and graph from 1980 to 1984 ... with the only serious competitor to PC in number of sales was commodore 64
http://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/4/
and then from 1984 to 1987 the ibm pc (and clones) starting to completely swamp
http://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/5/
market 1990-1994
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/7/
2001-2004
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/9/

communication group fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

other past posts mentioning PC market share article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#41 Christmas 1989
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#33 IBM/PC 12Aug1981
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#137 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#28 XT/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#49 PC Personal Computing Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#103 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#73 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#72 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#54 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#28 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#80 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#56 Steve Jobs passed away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#4 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#68 The Rise and Fall of Commodore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#5 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#76 Why Didn't Digital Catch the Wave?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#63 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CICS sysprogs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CICS sysprogs
Date: 22 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
trivia: undergraduate, I took 2 credit hr intro to computers/Fortran (709 tape->tape, 1401 front end for unit record). Within year of intro class was hired fulltime responsible for OS/360 (univ had been sold 360/67 for tss/360, but tss/360 never really came to production fruition and so ran as 360/65, they shutdown datacenter on weekends, and I had it dedicated, although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday classes hard). Student Fortran ran under second on 709. Initial conversion to OS/360 ran well over minute, installing HASP cut that in half. Then started doing reordering of STAGE2 SYSGEN cards to carefully place datasets and PDS members to optimize disk arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search ... cutting time another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. Student Fortran never got better than 709 until I installed (Univ. of Waterloo's) WATFOR.

Univ. library had gotten a ONR grant to do online catalog and used part of the money for 2321 datacell. The project was also selected to be betatest for CICS program product (after 23jun69 unbundling announcement and starting to charge for software) and CICS support was added to my tasks. First problem was CICS wouldn't come up. No source, took a little while to isolate the problem. Turns out CICS had some undocumented, hard coded BDAM file options and the library had built their CICS files with different set of option.

Other CICS lore, gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine.
https://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/http://www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20060325095613/http://www.yelavich.com/history/ev200401.htm

80s, my wife co-authored (IBM FSD) response to gov agency request for super secure, high performance, large campus environment ... she wrote in middle layer (aka 3tier) architecture, high speed routers and ethernet cards. We were then out pitching it to corporate executives showing it was much cheaper, much higher performance, much better price/performance and function. This was at time the communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server (i.e. hated 2tier and really hated my wife's 3tier) and distributed computing ... and we were taking loads of fabricated arrows in the back by the SNA & SAA forces.

old posts with pieces of 80s presentation including 3tier/middle-layer, 100 station/terminal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#40 ibm time machine in new york times?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#7 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
numbers redone with 300 station/terminal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#9 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP

cics/bdam posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bdam
23jun1969 unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling
3tier (middle layer) architecture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier
communication death grip and demise of disk division posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OODA-loop and agility

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: OODA-loop and agility
Date: 22 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
One of Boyd's stories was about doing periodic/audit review of large scale war games ... staffs would spend all year practicing while flag officers spent the time playing golf. When it came time for the game, the flag officers had no "finger feel" for war room information flow (complaining that it was a problem with information overload and how to reduce the information flow to rate that flag officers could absorb and make decisions, as opposed to not sufficiently practiced). However, related to information overload is decision overload ... both the appropriate information as well as the appropriate decisions. The issue of decision overload is another way approaching mission command. Boyd would also talk about pushing decisions down as far as possible to the appropriate level and to the people closest to the problem.

Another story was being branded a luddite for objecting to the original F16 headsup display (because of scrolling digital numbers took longer and more effort to translate into meaning).

More recently was at talk by commander of EA-18g Growlers claiming it was taking experience prowler pilots a year to become proficient in the growler digital cockpits (although youngsters that grew up with video games were doing it faster). Also they have come to suspect that pilots passing out, was not lack of oxygen but the digital cockpit had so overloaded their brains, that they forgot to breath (also related to proficiency). He also mentioned that a little too much alcohol or salt ... even 2-3 days before going up, affected proficiency.

Boyd related posts and web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

posts mentioning growler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#81 Air Force unveils B-21 stealth plane. It's not a boondoggle, for a change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#25 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#23 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#15 China VSLI Foundry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#9 China VSLI Foundry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#95 Finland picks F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#17 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#47 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#35 US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#81 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#54 RR songs, was Re: e50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#96 Lockheed Martin F-35 Jet's Software Delayed, GAO Says

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 23 Dec 2022 10:34:13 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
IBM never used MIPS either, but rated processors relative to each other. I always thought they did this to avoid comparisons to other vendors' machines, but it was probably as much because it was meaningless, as you say.

IBM tries stamp out industry standard benchmark numbers for their mainframes. I had worked with Jim Gray at IBM Research on System/R (original SQl/Relational implementation) and he then palmed off some stuff on me when he left for Tandem ... where he pioneers DBMS TPC benchmarks
http://www.tpc.org/information/who/gray5.asp

Periodically some mainframe numbers manage to leak. Industry standard MIPS benchmark wasn't instructions/sec but number of program iterations compared to the standard's processor ... assumed to be one MIP machine (and easier to find for IBM's non-mainframe systems).

IBM mainframe this century

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017
z15, 190 processors, 190BIPS* (1000MIPS/proc), Sep2019

• pubs say z15 1.25 times z14 (1.25*150BIPS or 190BIPS)
• z16, 200?? processors, ???BIPS (???MIPS/proc),


Max configured z196 was $30M ($600,000/BIPS) and in that timeframe, cloud megadatacenters (with half million or more systems) standard was E5-2600 blades benchmarked at 500BIPS. This was shortly before IBM sold off its blade server business ... but IBM had E5-2600 base list price of $1815 ($3.60/BIPS). However, cloud megadatacenters had been saying for at least a decade that they assembled their own systems for 1/3rd the cost of brand name blade servers ($1.20/BIPS) ... likely contributing to IBM selling off its blade server business ... this was also about the time that server chip maker press said that they were shipping half their product directly to cloud megadatacenters.

z196 pubs also claimed that over half the per processor performance improvement from z10 to z196 was the introduction of cache miss (memory latency) compensation features (that had been in other platforms in some cases for decades) ... out-of-order execution, branch prediction, speculative execution, etc.

Big cloud operators (with dozen or more megadatacenters around the world, each with half million or more systems) had so drastically reduced their system costs that power & cooling were becoming increasingly large part of their costs ... and they were putting pressure on Intel/AMD to significantly increase computational power efficiency (and looking at moving to ARM, originally designed for low power, battery use, computational power efficiency offsetting increasing the number of systems). They had so decreased cost of systems that they could justify complete upgrade of all systems when there was improvement computational power efficiency. Also start seeing TPC including computational efficiency in benchmarks, being able to calculate electrical power cost per transaction ... and IBM still participates for their non-mainframe systems.
https://www.tpc.org/tpcc/results/tpcc_results5.asp?orderby=hardware

cloud megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter
system/R posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

trivia: 50+ yrs ago, IBM 195 mainframe had out-of-order execution but conditional branches drained the pipeline ... so most 360&370 codes ran at half the 195 throughput. Shortly after joining IBM, the 195 group tried to suck me into helping with hyperthreading the 195 ... simulating two processor with two threads, each running at half machine throughput. In this description of the shutdown of ACS/360 (executives were afraid it would advance the state of art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market) ... there is reference to multithreading patents
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

new work for 195 (including multithread) was canceled when it was decided to add "virtual memory" to all 370s ... and it wasn't believed that adding virtual memory to 195 was practical. Also claims that at the time, MVT/MVS two-processor SMP systems were claimed to only have 1.2-1.5 system throughput of single processor (because of their multiprocessor system software overhead) ... which would have more than offset any benefit of having a multithreaded (simulated two processor) 195.

other trivia: in the morph from cp67->vm370, they simplified and/or dropped (including dropping cp67 multiprocessor support). after joining IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... including world-wide, sales&market support "HONE" systems. The US HONE systems had been consolidated in Palo Alto in the mid-70s (when facebook 1st moves into silicon valley, it was into a new bldg built next door to the former US HONE datacenter). Their VM370 was enhanced to have eight loosely-coupled (cluster, shared DASD) single-system image, aka cluster with load balancing and fall-over across the complex. I had added lots of CP67 features/function back into VM370 and then (initially for HONE) added tightly-coupled (shared memory) multiprocessor into VM370 release 3 ... giving them 16 processor complex (at the time I considered largest IBM mainframe single-system image complex; some ACP/TPF complexes may have had eight loosely-coupled system complex but ACP/TPF didn't have tightly-coupled support so was limited to one processor/system), With very short multiprocessor pathlengths and some games with "cache affinity" ... could get two processor machine with twice the throughput of single processor machine (improved cache hit rate offsetting the multiprocessor software overhead).

SMP, multiprocessor, compare-and-swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
cambridge science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

some recent z196/e5-2600 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#71 Mainframe and/or Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#12 What is IBM SNA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#10 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#6 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#111 Financial longevity that redhat gives IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#19 Telum & z16
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#12 IBM z16: Built to Build the Future of Your Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#7 Cloud Timesharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#125 Google Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#63 Mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#96 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#84 Mainframe Benchmark

some 195 multithread posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#34 Retrotechtacular: The IBM System/360 Remembered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#22 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#12 Computer Server Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#51 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#28 IBM 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#73 Backwards compatibility
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#80 BYTE Magazine Pentomino Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#96 computer component reliability, 1951
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#90 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#85 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#3 Is multiprocessing better then multithreading?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#7 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#37 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#3 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#110 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#57 Gene Amhdahl Dies at 92
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#23 A Modest Proposal (for avoiding OOO)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#69 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#26 OT: Digital? Cloud? Modern And Cost-Effective? Surprise! It's The Mainframe - Forbes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#27 Webcasts - New Technology for System z
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#164 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#106 [CM] How ENIAC was rescued from the scrap heap
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#11 DEC Technical Journal on Bitsavers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#15 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#33 DRAM is the new Bulk Core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#22 Query for Destination z article -- mainframes back to the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#67 relative speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#73 One reason for monocase was Re: Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#73 Execution Velocity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#45 Processors stall on OLTP workloads about half the time--almost no matter what you do
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#92 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#34 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#45 IBM System/360 Model 85: The Bashful Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#21 Very slow booting and running and brain-dead OS's?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#14 Multicores

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 23 Dec 2022 12:18:02 -1000
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

IBM mainframe this century

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017
z15, 190 processors, 190BIPS* (1000MIPS/proc), Sep2019

• pubs say z15 1.25 times z14 (1.25*150BIPS or 190BIPS)
• z16, 200?? processors, ???BIPS (???MIPS/proc),


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#112 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022

other trivia: 1980, STL (since renamed silicon valley lab) was bursting at the seams and were moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg (with dataprocessing back to STL datacenter). They had tried "remote 3270" terminals, but found the human factors totally unacceptable (especially compared to channel attached 3270 controlers in STL bldg). I get con'ed into doing channel extender support ... allowing channel attached controllers to be placed at offsite bldg ... with no perceptable human factors difference between offsite and inside STL.

Then the hardware vendor tries to get IBM to release my support, but there are some engineers in POK playing with some serial stuff who get that vetoed (because they were afraid if it was in the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff released).

channel extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

In 1988, the IBM branch wants me to help LLNL standardize some stuff they are playing with, ... which quickly becomes FCS (including some stuff that I had done in 1980), initially full-duplex 1gbit, 2gbit aggregate, 200mbytes/sec

The POK people finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON, when it is already obsolete (17mbytes/sec). Some POK engineers start playing with FCS and define a heavy weight protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput, which eventually ships as FICON. The most recent public benchmark I can find is z196 "peak I/O" which gets 2M IOPS aggregate using 104 FICON. About the same time there was a FCS announced for E5-2600 claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS getting higher throughput than 104 FICON) ... and E5-2600 blade at 500BIPS is ten times processing of max configured z196 50BIPS.

FICON (& FCS) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon
posts getting to play disk engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 24 Dec 2022 07:55:42 -1000
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
After all, MIPS really stands for "Meaningless Indication of Processor Speed".

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#113 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#112 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022

... "stamping out" benchmarks for mainframes ... not just MIPS (conflating that they are actual count of instructions frequently highlighting significant RISC/CISC differences ... rather than industry benchmark is number of program iterations per second compared to reference platform) ... but also TPC (transactions/sec, $$/transaction, power/transaction) and other of the ilk ... however participate in benchmarks for their non-mainframe platforms.

reminiscence of the enormous marketing FUD from the 70s Future System days where internal politics from the Future System project was killing off 370 efforts ... and the lack of new IBM 370 products was credited with giving the 370 clone makers their market foothold (leaving IBM marketing little else but "Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt")

some FS details:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

before that ... killing off ACS/360 because executives were afraid that it would advance state-of-the-art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market:
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

above list some of the ACS/360 features that don't show up until more than 20yrs later with ES/9000.

another FUD trivia: 3880 was designed to handle the 3mbyte/sec 3380 transfer speed ... along with data streaming channel architecture (previously enormous channel protocol chatter with end-to-end handshake for ever byte transferred, 3mbyte channels allowed multi-byte transfer per end-to-end handshake). The trout/3090 effort had number of channels assuming 3880 was similar to the previous 3830 but with 3380 3mbyte/sec transfer. However, 3880 had special hardware path for data transfer but everything else was done by an extremely slow "vertical" microcode processor (not the much faster 3830 "horizontal" microcode processor). When trout/3090 finally found out that the 3880 channel busy would be significantly larger than anticipated, they realized that had to significantly increase the number of channels ... in order to achieve IOPS required to achieve targeted system throughput. It turns out that the increase in channels required an additional (expensive) TCM. They joked that they were going to bill the 3880 organization for the increase in 3090 manufacturing cost (additional TCM).

Note that marketing eventually respins the significant increase in channels for 3090 (compared to previsious mainframe genereations) ... needed to compensate for the enormous increase 3880 channel busy ... as making the 3090 and wonderful I/O machine.

This is somewhat analogous to the peak I/O z196 benchmark of 2M IOPS reqired 104 FICON (FICON protocol running over FCS) compared to IOPS for single native FCS of over a million.

recent post on linkedin
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/

getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 24 Dec 2022 14:03:26 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
On the other tentacle, comparing one IBM processor to another makes the most sense for current customers looking to upgrade. "Oh, this new one is twice as fast as what we have now." MIPS would be a lot less meaningful to this group.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#112 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#113 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#114 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022

the previous story about no. of channels and i/o throughput for 3090 ... was to have sufficient concurrent work load to keep cpu busy (in aggregate) ... i/o throughput power matching cpu throughput power.

the story this was the justification of making all 370s, virtual memory machines ... customer asked me a decade ago to track down the decision; found somebody that reported to the executive. Bascially (OS/360) MVT storage management was so bad that region sizes had to be usually four times larger than actually used ... as a result it restricted number of concurrently executing regions for typical 1mbyte 370/165 to four ... insufficient to keep processor adequately justified and busy.

Going to 16mbyte virtual memory, allowed increasing number of concurrently executing regions by four times ... with little or no paging. Original VS2 was SVS ... very similar to running MVT in a CP67 16mbyte virtual machine. The biggest code change was for channel program copies with virtual addresses translated to real ... OS/360 running in CP67 virtual machines had I/O channel programs with virtual addresses and CP67 "CCWTRANS" made copies of the virtual machine channel programs where the virtual addresses replaced with real addresses.

OS/360 had libraries executed by application programs, generating I/O channel programs and then invoking (kernel SVC0) EXCP to invoke the channel program. In VS2/SVS (and later MVS), EXCP had same problem (as CP67) making I/O channel program copy, replacing virtual addresses with real addresses. The initial VS2 implementation borrowed CP67 CCWTRANS and crafted it into EXCP.

old archived post from decade ago with pieces of the email exchange about MVT (bad) storage management was motivation for making all 370s, virtual memory machines.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

other trivia is seen in EC12->z13 numbers (from upthread post), max configurations, had EC12/75BIPS going to z13/100BIPS ... but EC12 had 101 743MIPS processors while z13 had 140 710MIPS processors (1/3rd increase in aggregate MIPS by having 40% increase in number of processors with slightly lower MIPS).

another comparisons was communication group fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing, also trying to block release of mainframe TCP/IP support ... when they lost, somewhat because of univ. demand ... the communication group changed their tactic and said that since they had corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls, it had to be shipped through them. What shipped, used nearly a while 3090 processor getting 44kbytes/sec aggregate throughput. I then did the changes for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between IBM 4341 (about 1+mips) and cray, got sustained channel I/O throughput (about 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

rfc 1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

A few years later, the communication group hired silicon valley contractor to implement TCP/IP directly in VTAM. What he demo'ed had TCP running much faster than (SNA) LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "knows" thaa a "proper" TCP/IP implementation is much slower than LU6.2 ... and they would only be paying for a "proper" implementation.

In that time-frame there was analysis that had (mainframe) pathlength for VTAM/LU6.2 at 160K instructions and 15 buffer copies ... while UNIX TCP/IP pathlength was 5K instructions and 5 buffer copies. Other history about IBM (mainframe) downfall
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
and
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

IBM downfall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 24 Dec 2022 14:46:06 -1000
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
After all, MIPS really stands for "Meaningless Indication of Processor Speed".

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#112 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#113 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#114 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#115 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022

... as an aside, IBM mainframe has hyping its faster processor Ghz and no hardware multi-threading ... somehow trying to imply it corresponded to faster instruction execution ... when the mainframe didn't come close to approaching processor power of other platforms i.e. totally lacked out-of-order (and multi-threaded) cache miss compensation until z196 and then only started to evolve the technology.

this century articles started to appear that (cache miss) memory latency, when measured in count of processor cycles is comparable to 60s IBM 360 mainframe disk access latency, when measured in count of 360 mainframe processor cycles.

The (relatively) huge wait for 360 mainframe for disk I/O was some of the motivation for software multiprogramming, multithreading, multitasking

This started to appear at the hardware level with caches (and cache misses), with waiting for memory is the modern equivalent to 60s waiting for disk I/O ... giving rise to things like hardware multithreading, out-of-order execution, branch prediction and speculative execution

IBM mainframes were very late to this game, while at the same time, they were exhacerbating the memory latency problem with increasing processor Ghz speeds ... emphasizing faster Ghz speeds while discounting industry standard MIPS benchmarks (which had better correlation with actually processor throughput, not physically counting instructions ... but counting program iterations compared to the reference platform).

past archived posts referencing measuring memory wait and disk i/o wait in the corresponding number of processor cycles.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#87 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#37 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#26 Multitasking, together with OS operations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#43 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#2 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#96 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#103 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#36 390 vector instruction set reuse, was 8-bit bytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#7 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#79 Any benefit to programming a RISC processor by hand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#92 CPU time differences for the same job

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 25 Dec 2022 09:12:31 -1000
D.J. <chucktheouch@gmnol.com> writes:
The Cray YMP-2 had a non-conductive fluid that flowed across the circuit boards, then out to a head exchanger.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#112 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#113 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#114 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#115 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#116 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022

IBM water cooled machines had flow sensor on inboard fluid side but not on outboard side of heat exchanger ... and a customer machine outboard side lost water flow ... by the time the thermal sensor registered temperature was increasing (and shutoff power) ... it was too late and circuits fried. All heat exchangers were then retrofitted with flow sensor on the outboard side.

as periodically mentioned, during Future System project (in first half of 70s), 370 projects were being shutdown (FS was going to completely replace 370s and completely different). When FS imploded there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 3033 & 3081 in parallel.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
The 370 emulator minus the FS microcode was eventually sold in 1980 as as the IBM 3081. The ratio of the amount of circuitry in the 3081 to its performance was significantly worse than other IBM systems of the time; its price/performance ratio wasn't quite so bad because IBM had to cut the price to be competitive. The major competition at the time was from Amdahl Systems -- a company founded by Gene Amdahl, who left IBM shortly before the FS project began, when his plans for the Advanced Computer System (ACS) were killed. The Amdahl machine was indeed superior to the 3081 in price/performance and spectaculary superior in terms of performance compared to the amount of circuitry.]

... snip ...

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

the enormous number of circuits for 3081 helped motivate TCMs ... to pack them in reasonable sized physical volume
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/vintage/vintage_4506VV2137.html

... note above marketing respinning the enormous number of circuits, also the increased heat density significantly exacerbated sensitivity to loss of cooling.

Note initial 3081D was two processor claiming 5mips/processor (although several benchmarks were slower than 4.5mips 3033). IBM then doubled the cache size for 3081K claiming 7mips/processor (aka from improved cache hit rate, with some of those benchmarks now equivalent to 4.5mips 3033 or slightly better, see previous post increasingly machine throughput was becoming increasingly sensitive to cache miss and waiting on memory) ... or two processor aggregate of 14mips claimed. By comparison, the single processor Amdahl benchmarked at around 13mips.

shutdown of ACS/360
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Breakup

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Breakup
Date: 26 Dec, 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
IBM Breakup
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/

Attempts to save IBM from the careerists and bureaucrats failed.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/

How to Stuff a Wild Duck

Then the effort to save IBM from breakup (although lots of the parts have since been sold off, disks, chips, comms, etc), included turning it into financial engineering company.

IBM has one of the biggest losses in US company history and was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. Gone behind paywall, but lives free at wayback machine.
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

... had already left IBM, but get a call from the bowels of Armonk asking if could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts. However, before getting started, the board brings in a new CEO and reverses the breakup.

AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO (reverse IPO) of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president to help with RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

The IBM Board hires former president of AMEX as new CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same tactics used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
above some IBM related specifics from
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

IBM: No Longer The Investing Juggernaut Of Old
https://seekingalpha.com/article/4479605-ibm-no-longer-investing-juggernaut-of-old

stock buybacks use to be illegal (because it was too easy for executives to manipulate the market ... aka banned in wake of '29crash)
https://corpgov.law.harvard.edu/2020/10/23/the-dangers-of-buybacks-mitigating-common-pitfalls/
Buybacks are a fairly new phenomenon and have been gaining in popularity relative to dividends recently. All but banned in the US during the 1930s, buybacks were seen as a form of market manipulation. Buybacks were largely illegal until 1982, when the SEC adopted Rule 10B-18 (the safe-harbor provision) under the Reagan administration to combat corporate raiders. This change reintroduced buybacks in the US, leading to wider adoption around the world over the next 20 years. Figure 1 (below) shows that the use of buybacks in non-US companies grew from 14 percent in 1999 to 43 percent in 2018.

... snip ...

Stockman and IBM financial engineering company:
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

(2013) New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/
(2014) IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks (gone behind paywall)
https://web.archive.org/web/20140201174151/http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ..

(2016) After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
https://www.fool.com/investing/general/2016/04/25/after-forking-out-110-billion-on-stock-buybacks-ib.aspx
(2018) ... still doing buybacks ... but will (now?, finally?, a little?) shift focus needing it for redhat purchase.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/ibm-to-buy-back-up-to-4-billion-of-its-own-shares
(2019) IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket (gone behind paywall)
https://web.archive.org/web/20190417002701/https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-16/ibm-tumbles-after-reporting-worst-revenue-17-years-cloud-hits-air-pocket

IBM Downfall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Patients for Profit: How Private Equity Hijacked Health Care

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Patients for Profit: How Private Equity Hijacked Health Care
Date: 27 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Patients for Profit: How Private Equity Hijacked Health Care. ER Doctors Call Private Equity Staffing Practices Illegal and Seek to Ban Them
https://khn.org/news/article/er-doctors-call-private-equity-staffing-practices-illegal-and-seek-to-ban-them/
A group of emergency physicians and consumer advocates in multiple states are pushing for stiffer enforcement of decades-old statutes that prohibit the ownership of medical practices by corporations not owned by licensed doctors.

... snip ...

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Controlling the Market

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Controlling the Market
Date: 28 Dec, 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
IBM Controlling the Market
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/

How to Stuff a Wild Duck

End of ACS/360 ... shutdown because they were afraid that it would advance the state of the art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market.
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

near the bottom of web page are ACS/360 features that show up nearly 25yrs later in ES/9000.

Mentions that major motivation for Future System project (totally different from 360/370 that FS would completely replace), so complex that clone controller makers wouldn't be able to keep up ... some referrence:
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm

... however the shutdown of 370 efforts during FS and the resulting lack of 370 products is credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold. With the implosion of FS, there is mad rush to get stuff back into the product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 3033 and 3081 in parallel. More details:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 ....
http://www.amazon.com/Computer-Wars-The-Post-IBM-World/dp/1587981394
and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

trivia: old email from POK mainframe engineer that 85/165/168/3033/3090 were all the same machine with minor tweaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#email810423
other old email from the same period about trout/3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#email810630

John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks (failing to prevent bureaucrats and careerists from destroying Watson legacy)
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
Martial Arts OODA-loop
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/lynnwheeler_john-boyd-usaf-the-fighter-pilot-who-changed-activity-6807163421579186176-ZO9G/
John Boyd and Innovation Management
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/lynnwheeler_innovation-management-future-activity-6955256629466398720-AkPQ/

other recent articles:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/

In briefings, Boyd would comment about former military officers were starting to contaminate US corporate culture with their rigid, top-down, command&control structure (& only those at the very top knew what they were doing). Scenario was that at entry to WW2, US has to rapidly deploy millions with little or no skill or experience ... the rigid, top-down, command&control structure was required to leverage the few skilled resources available. Boyd would compare 11% (growing to nearly 20%) US officers to maintain rigid, top-down command&control structure, compared to 3% (or less) for German army. However, this was about the time that articles were starting to appear that business school MBAs were beginning to destroy US companies with their myopic focus on short term results

Boyd posts and web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:
In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards

... snip ....

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html
Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel, even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world."

... snip ...

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
pg127/loc2480-82:
On the face of it, shareholder value is the dumbest idea in the world. Shareholder value is a result, not a strategy... Your main constituencies are your employees, your customers and your products. --Jack Welch, 2009

... snip ...

Reversing the downfall and breakup of IBM, including turning it into a financial engineering company
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/

Corporate charters used to be for organizations that did things in the public interest. Almost from the start there has been efforts to allow corporations to operate in self-interest and then to give corporations "rights" (as people).

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]

... snip ...

In the 1880s, Supreme Court were scammed (by the railroads) to give corporations "person rights" under the 14th amendment.
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiii/loc45-50:
IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business corporations too.

... snip ...

... testimony falsely claiming authors of 14th amendment intended to include corporations, pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.

pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.

... snip ...

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
IBM downturn, downfall, breakup, controlling the market, bureaucrats and careerists posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Controlling the Market

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Controlling the Market
Date: 28 Dec, 2022
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 IBM Controlling the Market

a little topic drift; I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM ... more in this referenced post
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

in the 89/90 time-frame, the commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for corps make-over ... at the time when IBM was desperately in need of make-over. IBM then has one of the largest losses in US corporate history and was being reorg'ed into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breakup of the company ....
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

had already left IBM, but get a call from the bowels of Armonk asking if could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts. However, before getting started, the board brings in a new CEO that reverses the breakup. However, wasn't sufficient to reverse the demise of the disk division. more
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/

Boyd posts and web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
IBM downturn, downfall, breakup, controlling the market, bureaucrats and careerists posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The History of Electronic Mail

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The History of Electronic Mail
Date: 28 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
The History of Electronic Mail
https://multicians.org/thvv/mail-history.html

... aka some of the MIT CTSS people go to 5th flr for Multics and others go to the science center on the 4th flr ... redeveloping similar functions (cp/cms in mail-history)... some like Tom do some of both
http://www.multicians.org/thvv/360-67.html

In the late 70, one of the discussions at friday's after work was any silver bullet to get the (largely computer illiterate) management & executives to use computers. Then there was rapidly spreading rumor that members of the corporate executive committee were using email to communicate. From the law of unintended consequences: at the time 3270 terminals were part of annual budget planning process and required VP level sign-off. After the executive committee rumor there was rash of managers pre-empting 3270 deliveries to have them placed on their desks ... providing the appearance of computer literacy. Mostly the management/executive 3270 terminals were powered on in the morning with the same image being burned into the screen (while secretaries would be responsible for handling any of their boss's email).

Note: it was also pointed out that the 3270 3yr capital depreciation was about the same $$$ as monthly business telephone on a desk ... which came standard (not required in annual budget cycle or requiring executive signoff). In the early 90s, this was still going on ... managers pre-empting large screen PS2/486 (ordered for development projects), to be rerouted to their desks ... spending all day as 3270 terminal emulation with the same late 70s image being burned into the screen.

other trivia: Tymshare started offering their CMS-based online computer conferencing system free to the (mainframe user group) SHARE in Aug1976 ... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet commerical, online, virtual machine service bureaus http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

some past posts mentioning Tom's mail history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#27 IBM Cambridge Science Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#25 IBM Mainframe time-sharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#50 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#92 Was E-mail a Mistake? The mathematics of distributed systems suggests that meetings might be better
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#54 PROFS, email, 3270
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#31 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#21 Congratulations IBM for 'inventing' out-of-office email. You win Stupid Patent of the Month
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#39 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#51 The Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#15 Authorized functions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#12 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#10 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#49 OT The inventor of Email - Tom Van Vleck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#44 OT The inventor of Email - Tom Van Vleck

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wars and More Wars: The Sorry U.S. History in the Middle East

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wars and More Wars: The Sorry U.S. History in the Middle East
Date: 30 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
Wars and More Wars: The Sorry U.S. History in the Middle East
https://www.counterpunch.org/2022/12/30/wars-and-more-wars-the-sorry-u-s-history-in-the-middle-east/

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started with move from 13.5in to 15in Naval guns (leading to moving from coal to oil)
https://www.amazon.com/Crisis-1911-1914-Winston-Churchill-Collection-ebook/dp/B07H18FWXR/
loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.

... snip ...

When the newly elected democratic government wanted to review the Anglo-Persian contract, US arranged coup and backed Shah as front
https://unredacted.com/2018/03/19/cia-caught-between-operational-security-and-analytical-quality-in-1953-iran-coup-planning/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr%2E
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat"
... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the secret police to help keep Shah in power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK
Savak Agent Describes How He Tortured Hundreds
https://www.nytimes.com/1979/06/18/archives/savak-agent-describes-how-he-tortured-hundreds-trial-is-in-a-mosque.html

Iran people eventually revolt against the horribly oppressive, (US backed) autocratic government.

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Then in the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs (note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

... roll forward ... Bush2 is president and presides over the huge cut in taxes, huge increase in spending, explosion in debt, the economic mess (70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis) and the forever wars, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the Team B members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.

... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.

... snip ...

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

The Deep State (US administration behind formation of ISIS)
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:
In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming administration choose personnel

pg191/loc3057-58:
In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second,

pg191/loc3060-62:
Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.

... snip ...

... including kicked hundreds of thousands of former soldiers out on the streets created ISIS ... and bypassing the ammo dumps (looking for fictitious/fabricated WMDs) gave them over a million metric tons (for IEDs).

Military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
Perpetual War posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
S&L crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Corporate Computer Conferencing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Corporate Computer Conferencing
Date: 31 Dec, 2022
Blog: Facebook
In Aug1976, Tymshare started offering their CMS-based online computer conferencingto the (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE
https://www.share.org/
for free ... archives here.
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I cut a deal with Tymshare to get monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE files for putting up on internal machines and network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s, i.e. part of the reason was communication group limited network to corporate mainframes; workstations, PCs, etc ... all connected in with dumb terminal emulation). Biggest problem I had was with the lawyers, concerned that exposing internal employees to customer information, might contaminate them (and/or that customers weren't actually saying what was being said internally).

I was then blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s. Jim Gray had left for Tandem (foisting some number of things on me) and we would periodically visit him on Friday afternoons at Tandem. The online computer conferencing really took off spring 1981 after I distributed trip report of visit to Tandem, claim was that 25,000 were reading although only 300 actively participated. We then printed six copies of around 300 pages, packaged them in TANDEM 3-ring binders and sent them to corporate executive committee (folklore is 5of6 wanted to fire me). One of the results was researcher was paid to sit in the back of my office for 9months taking notes on how I communicated, result was papers, books, conference presentations and Stanford phd (joint with language and computer ai). They also got copies of all my incoming and outgoing email and logs of all instant messages. There was then officially sanctioned conferencing software and moderated "forums". Recent long-winded tomes with some details
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

The internal network technology had been developed by co-worker at the science center ... another long tome
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
which was also used for the corporate sponsored univ. network
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
and similar conferencing software was deployed on BITNET (for a time, also larger than arpanet/internet). Old email from
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LISTSERV
https://www.lsoft.com/products/listserv-history.asp

The communication group was fiercely fighting release of mainframe tcp/ip product. When they lost (in part because of univ. demand), they changed their strategy and said that since they had corporate responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls, it had to be shipped through them; what shipped got 44kbytes/sec aggregate using nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the changes for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and IBM 4341, got sustained 4341 channel throughput using only a modest amount of 4341 processing (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

from IBM Jargon
https://comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

computer mediated conversation posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc commerical, online, virtual machine service bureaus http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
corp. sponsored univ bitnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
RFC1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970


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