List of Archived Posts

2023 Newsgroup Postings (02/23 - 04/17)

IBM 370
Mercedes-Benz and Nvidia team up to develop next-generation supercomputers for cars
How a Covert Firm Spreads Lies and Chaos Around the World
IBM 370
IBM 370
IBM 370
z/VM 50th - part 7
StorageTek Tape Library
The Iraq War was dominated by groupthink and absolutely no humility
Lick and Keck Observatories
stacking blocks After the storm, hopefully
Open Software Foundation
Open Software Foundation
IBM/PC
IBM User Group, SHARE
IBM User Group, SHARE
IBM User Group, SHARE
The Military-Industrial Complex and American Fascism
Lee Considered (Civil War America)
Lee Considered (Civil War America)
IBM Technology
Lee Considered (Civil War America)
The Big Con: How the Consulting Industry Weakens Our Businesses, Infantilizes Our Governments, and Warps Our Economies
IBM VM370 "Resource Manager"
IBM HASP (& 2780 terminal)
Railroaded
DISK Performance and Reliability
Should We Expect to See a Rise in Christian Nationalist Violence in the US?
NEC processors banned for 386 industrial espionage?
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Bimodal Distribution
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Online Terminals
When Computer Coding Was a 'Woman's' Job
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
The Architects of the Iraq War: Where Are They Now? They're all doing great, thanks for asking
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Sunset IBM JES3
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
IBM 370
'Saddam was terrible but we had security': the Iraq war 20 years on
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
IBM Wild Ducks
Massive Archive of Iraq War Lies Disappeared from "Center for Public Integrity"
CP67 "IPL-by-name"
Ethernet (& CAT5)
Ethernet (& CAT5)
Private equity gobbling up defense firms at a frightening pace: Experts
Ethernet (& CAT5)
Ethernet (& CAT5)
IBM 3031, 3032, 3033
Ethernet (& CAT5)
Ethernet (& CAT5)
IBM 3031, 3032, 3033
The Iraq War the Biggest Con of the 21st Century
Free Money Turned Brains to Mush, Now Some Banks Fail
Hypocrisy: Putin should be Punished as a War Criminal, but so Should many in Washington, D.C
Ethernet (& CAT5)
Congress Has Been Captured by the Arms Industry
Another 4341 thread
HURD
HURD
The Atlantic Celebrates 20th Anniversary of Iraq War With Lavish Falsehoods About Iraq War
Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years
Ethernet (& CAT5)
Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years
That 80s Feeling: How to Get Serious About Bank Reform This Time and Why We Won't
Schooling Was for the Industrial Era, Unschooling Is for the Future
Lobbyists Begin Chipping Away at Biden's $80 Billion I.R.S. Overhaul
IBM Breakup
IBM Mainframe
IBM Breakup
IBM HSDT Technology
IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
Clarence Thomas and the Billionaire
IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
IBM's Near Demise
Clone/OEM IBM systems
IRS and legacy COBOL
Online systems fostering online communication
IRS and legacy COBOL
Online systems fostering online communication
$4 Trillion In U.S. Wealth Is Stashed Overseas, Much Of It In Tax Havens
Savage Capitalism. From Climate Change to Bank Failures to War
360 Announce Stories
IRS and legacy COBOL
Corporate Greed Is a Root Cause of Rail Disasters Around the World
After the storm, hopefully
The Big Con
IBM 360 Folklore
360 Announce Stories
360 Announce Stories
Dunning-Kruger
5G Hype Cycle
IBM Oxymoron
IBM "Top Gun"
2023 IBM Poughkeepsie, NY
2023 IBM Poughkeepsie, NY

IBM 370

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 370
Date: 23 Feb, 2023
Blog: Facebook
TSS/360 was "official" for 360/67, single-level store which tended to rely on 4k page faults for everything ... and the later (failed) Future System tended to use the same design ... lack of overlapped data transfers cut throughput. I continued to work on 360/370 all during the FS period and would periodically ridicule them ... which wasn't a career enhancing activity. I also would claim that when I was doing paged mapped filesystem for CP67/CMS, I had learned what not to do from TSS/360. FS was totally different from 370 and was going to completely replace it (internal politics were shutting down 370 during FS and the lack of new 370 stuff is credited with giving 370 system clone makers their market foothold). When FS implodes there is mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off the quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts in parallel, more info:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

A decade+ ago, I was asked to track down decision to have all 370s running with virtual memory. I found staff member reporting to exec that made the decision. Basically MVT storage management was so bad that region sizes typically had to be specified four times larger than actually used ... as result a 1mbyte 370/165 would usually only be able to run four concurrent regions ... insufficient to keep machine busy (and justified). Going to VS2/SVS (similar to running MVT in CP67 16mbyte virtual machine) allowed number of regions to be increased by four times with little or no paging. Pieces of email exchange about adding virtual memory to all 370s (and some other subjects)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

165 engineers were then complaining that if they had to implement the full 370 virtual memory architecture, virtual memory announce would have to slip six months. Then features were dropped to help keep the original schedule ... and other models (and any software written for dropped features) would have to retreat to the virtual memory subset.

trivia: 165 had 2mic main memory, for 168 it was 400-something ms (similar for 155->158). Also high-end 15x/16x were horizontal microcode machines which measured 370 instructions in avg machine cycles/instruction (compared to low/mid range 370 which were vertical microcode ... avg. 10 native instructions/370 instruction ... sort of like implemented 370 simulator on i86 machines). 165 avg. 2.1 machine cycles/370 instruction ... for 168, besides 4-5 times faster main memory, microcode was optimized to get 1.6 machine cycles/370 instruction. 3033 which started out remapping 168 logic to 20% faster chips ... also further optimized microcode and got it down to avg of one machine cycle per 370 instruction.

trivia: not long after joining IBM, the 370/195 engineers con'ed me nto helping with two thread (simulating multiprocessor) 370/195 .... see the death of ACS/360 (executives killed it because it might advance the state of the art too fast and IBM might loose control of the market), which has reference to multithreading patent (also refs to some features that show up more than 20yrs later with ES/9000):
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

however, the multithreaded 370/195 was killed when it was decided to make all 370s virtual memory (and it wasn't practical to try and add virtual memory to 195). Multithreaded was justified because conditional branches drained the pipeline so most conventional codes only ran at half speed (it was felt two threads running at half speed could fully utilize the machine) ... however 195 half speed was still faster than 3033 (modulo significant MVT multiprocessor software overhead)

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
multiprocessor, multithreading, smp, compare&swap, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
cp67/cms paged mapped filesystem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mercedes-Benz and Nvidia team up to develop next-generation supercomputers for cars

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mercedes-Benz and Nvidia team up to develop next-generation supercomputers for cars
Date: 24 Feb, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Mercedes-Benz and Nvidia team up to develop next-generation supercomputers for cars
https://www.theverge.com/2020/6/23/21300614/mercedes-benz-nvidia-computer-orin-self-driving-adas-ota
The new platform will be based on Nvidia's system-on-a-chip Orin technology and will also use the San Jose-based company's full Drive AGX software stack. Nvidia first unveiled Orin at CES in December 2019, and aside from top-line specifications such as the ability to deliver up to 200 trillion operations per second while using less power, the company has yet to provide any further details.

... snip ...

Mercedes-Benz, NVIDIA, and Google Create AI and Metaverse Car of Tomorrow
https://tgdaily.com/technology/mercedes-benz-nvidia-and-google-create-ai-and-metaverse-car-of-tomorrow/
Mercedes-Benz, in conjunction with NVIDIA and Google, announced the future of AI-driven end-to-end automotive development this month. What they shared was a blend of metaverse creation (using NVIDIA's Omniverse platform) coupled with an AI capability that is unmatched in cars today. It's something that promises to create a deeper relationship between cars and their owners that's more like our relationship with a well-trained pet and eventually becoming more like a digital friend as this capability advances.

... oh, and trivia: 2011 online radar tutorial included note to do real-time targeting of stealth planes required 3trillion ops ... which wasn't then available ... this is claiming 200trilliion

some past references to radar tutorial
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#9 China VSLI Foundry
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#101 The US's best stealth jets are pretty easy to spot on radar, but that doesn't make it any easier to stop them
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#8 Why Not Use Self-Driving Cars as Supercomputers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#48 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#55 Why Not Use Self-Driving Cars as Supercomputers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#60 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#35 US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#39 Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How a Covert Firm Spreads Lies and Chaos Around the World

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How a Covert Firm Spreads Lies and Chaos Around the World
Date: 24 Feb, 2023
Blog: Facebook
How a Covert Firm Spreads Lies and Chaos Around the World. Former Israeli agents have apparently manipulated nearly three dozen elections. Their clients: power-hungry politicians and wealthy businessmen. They are part of a rapidly growing global disinformation industry in which Russia is far from the only player.
https://www.spiegel.de/international/world/inside-the-covert-firm-that-spreads-lies-and-chaos-around-the-world-a-3c55e1cd-7d61-4cf8-8321-999da1996aa8
What Jorge and his team offer are tailored frontal attacks on the heart of democracy. They manipulate what are meant to be free elections, with those who can afford their services increasing their chances of victory. And here, morality counts as little as the law. The main thing is that the money is right. Team Jorge says it charges up $15 million to manipulate an election. Hanan, alias Jorge, says he counts around a half dozen intelligence agencies among his clients.

... snip ...

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 370

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 370
Date: 24 Feb, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#0 IBM 370

There was joke that some of the former Kingston MFT people moved to Boca to reinvent (OS/360) MFT for S/1 as RPS. Then a summer intern at San Jose Research did EDX (for S/1).

Other S/1 trivia ... one of the baby bells did a VTAM/NCP implementation on S/1 with significant more feature function (along with higher throughput ... which would transmit SNA packets between S/1 via real networking). It included having replicated ownership of resources out in distributed S/1 (so no single point of failure) ... simulating cross-domain to host VTAM. I got con'ed into doing a project to turn it out as type-1 IBM product, followed by porting to RS/6000 (it was starting to bump into S/1 memory limits for even greater increase in feature function). Old post with part of presentation that I made to SNA Architecture Review Board in Raleigh
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
also part of baby bell presentation at spring 1986 COMMON user group meeting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

Some of the IBMers involved claimed in many of their dealings with CPD, that it was notorious for corporate dirty tricks and spent a lot of time trying to create brick walls blocking what they might do. What CPD did next to torpedo the effort, can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction.

... note that this wasn't my 1st effort, as undergraduate in the 60s, I was part of four people written up for doing a telecommunication clone controller & responsible for some part of the clone controller business ... building channel board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate 2702 ... with the addition to dynamically adapt line speed (I had wanted to have single dial-in number ... aka "hunt group", for all terminal types). It was then upgraded to Interdata/4 for channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for the port interfaces. Boxes were sold as clone controller by Interdata ... and later by Perkin-Elmer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perkin-Elmer#Computer_Systems_Division
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concurrent_Computer_Corporation

360 telecommunication clone controller posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm

other posts mentioning baby bell pu4/pu5 emulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#98 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#50 SystemView
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#32 IBM 37x5 Boxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#79 Peer-Coupled Shared Data
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#102 370/158 Integrated Channel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#120 Series/1 VTAM/NCP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#115 Peer-Coupled Shared Data Architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#87 IBM and Internet Old Farts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#14 IBM SNA ARB
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#83 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#2 IBM Series/1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#91 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#114 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#109 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#106 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#52 Series/1 NCP/VTAM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#2 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#34 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#94 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#2 Frank Heart Dies at 89
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#109 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#93 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#52 IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#99 Boca Series/1 & CPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#90 pneumatic cash systems was Re: [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#59 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#85 Honeywell 200
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#97 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#42 Old Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#41 PL/I advertising
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#27 Old IBM Mainframe Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#99 Systems thinking--still in short supply
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#84 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#56 The Road Not Taken: Knowing When to Keep Your Mouth Shut
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#66 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#26 SNA vs TCP/IP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#46 Teletypewriter Model 33
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#67 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#37 The Subroutine Call
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#36 What Makes code storage management so cool?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#43 IBM 7070 Question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#58 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#57 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#13 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#82 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#57 VM Workshop 2012
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#100 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#98 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#43 VNET 1983 1000 NODES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#26 computer bootlaces
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#83 History of APL -- Software Preservation Group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#32 SNA/VTAM Misinformation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#15 I actually miss working at IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#16 Other early NSFNET backbone
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#62 Is email dead? What do you think?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#2 Entry point for a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#83 Entry point for a Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#51 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#21 Small Server Mob Advantage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#0 Small Server Mob Advantage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#66 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#3 VTAM security issue
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#70 An inComplete History Of Mainframe Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#60 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#4 Cost of CPU Time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#63 Early commercial Internet activities (Re: IBM-MAIN longevity)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#23 Memories of ACC, IBM Channels and Mainframe Internet Devices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#45 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#1 Migration from Mainframe to othre platforms - the othe bell?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#27 folklore indeed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#40 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#80 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#20 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#4 Was FORTRAN buggy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#50 Mainframe Linux Mythbusting (Was: Using Java in batch on
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#15 DUMP Datasets and SMS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#14 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#8 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#56 1401-S, 1470 "last gasp" computers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#1 Self restarting property of RTOS-How it works?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#31 IBM 3705 and UC.5
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#53 history books on the development of capacity planning (SMF and RMF)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#12 network history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#49 new to mainframe asm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#9 how long does (or did) it take to boot a timesharing system?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#29 IBM 3725 Comms. controller - Worth saving?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#2 Fix the shuttle or fly it unmanned
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#4 cp/67 35th anniversary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#76 COMTEN- IBM networking boxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#28 difference between itanium and alpha
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#11 Card Columns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#50 Cirtificate Authorities 'CAs', how curruptable are they to
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#32 why does wait state exist?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#16 s/w was: How will current AI/robot stories play when AIs are
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#8 Avoiding JCL Space Abends
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#0 HONE was .. Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#48 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#2 Computers in Science Fiction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#60 Mainframes and "mini-computers"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#42 Beginning of the end for SNA?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#56 Computer Naming Conventions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#11 The demise of compaq
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#23 Alpha vs. Itanic: facts vs. FUD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#9 NCP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#52 misc loosely-coupled, sysplex, cluster, supercomputer, & electronic commerce
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#31 3745 and SNI
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#21 3745 and SNI
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#23 IA64 Rocks My World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#49 any 70's era supercomputers that ran as slow as today's supercompu
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#74 Z/90, S/390, 370/ESA (slightly off topic)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#72 California DMV
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#4 Sv: First video terminal?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#31 OT?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#0 What good and old text formatter are there ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#54 WHAT IS A MAINFRAME???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#47 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#45 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#43 Any Series/1 fans?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#87 Motorola/Intel Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#79 "Database" term ok for plain files?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#66 oddly portable machines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#64 distributed locking patents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#59 Multithreading underlies new development paradigm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#53 APPC vs TCP/IP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#17 I'm overwhelmed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#239 IBM UC info
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#119 Computer, supercomputers & related
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#106 IBM Mainframe Model Numbers--then and now?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 370

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 370
Date: 25 Feb, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#0 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#3 IBM 370

Part of Raleigh presentation was comparison of real live baby bell configuration of 64k 3270 terminals, lots of IBM mainframes ... and non-370 mainframes across multiple datacenters with full T1 support sharable by multiple S/1 ... running distributed cluster interconnected with S/1 chat ring ... compared to equivalent 37x5-configuration using HONE CPD configurator. CPD would constantly complain that the 37x5 numbers were invalid .. but couldn't explain how (especially since they came straight out of their configurator)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67

hone posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

... and 3272/3277, 3274/3278, pcca, 8232, mainframe tcp/ip, etc. post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#33 IBM 3270 Terminals
from last year:

When 3274/3278 came out it was much slower than 3272/3277 ... they had moved lots of the terminal electronics back into the (shared) 3274 controller ... which significantly drove up the coax protocol chatter (cut 3278 manufacturing costs). 3272/3277 had .086sec hardware response (needed at least .164 system response for human to see quarter sec. response, back in the early 80s when the interactive computing productivity studies were all the rage). 3274/3278 had .3-.5+ sec response (depending on data). Complaints sent to 3278 product administrator about it being much worse for interactive computing ... got back response that 3278s were intended for "data entry" (i.e. electronic keypunch).

Later IBM/PC 3277 emulation card had 3-4 times higher upload/download than 3278 emulation cards. From long ago and far away
Date: 01/17/86 12:37:14
From: wheeler
To: (losgatos distribution)

I was in YKT this week & visited xxxxx yyyy. He is shipping me two PCCAs now ... since I couldn't remember the address out here ... he is sending them care of zzzzz. The demo they had with PCCA on PCNET was various host connections was quite impressive, both terminal sessions and file transfer. Terminal sessions supported going "both ways" ... PVM from PCDOS over PCNET to AT with PCCA, into 370 PVM and using PVM internal net to log on anywhere. A version of MYTE with NETBIOS support is used on the local PC machine. They claim end-to-end data rate of only 70kbytes per second now ... attributed to bottlenecks associated with NETBIOS programming. They could significantly improve that with bypassing NETBIOS and/or going to faster PC-to-PC interconnect (token ring, ethernet, etc). However, 70kbytes/sec is still significantly better than the 15kbytes/sec that Myte gets using TCA support thru 3274.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

I also have copy of PCCA (channel attach interface, also evolves into 8232 for TCP/IP) announcement email send out to 1APR1985 (not april fools) ... to small interested party distribution list. Note AWD did their own 4mbit T/R card for the PC/RT (AT-bus). For the RS/6000 microchannel, AWD was forced to use the heavily kneecapped PS2 microchannel cards (the PS2 16mbit T/R microchannel card had lower card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit T/R AT-bus card).

The communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing and also trying to prevent mainframe TCP/IP from being announced. When they lost, they changed their tactic and claimed that since they had corporation strategic (stranglehold) responsibility on everything that crossed datacenter walls, TCP/IP had to be release through them. What shipped got 44kbytes/sec aggregate using nearly whole 3090 processor. I did the "fixes" to support RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research, between a 4341 and a Cray, got 4341 channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, AWD, PC/RT, RS/6000, power, power/pc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
RFC1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 370

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 370
Date: 25 Feb, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#0 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#3 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#4 IBM 370

... trivia&topic drift ... early 70s, HONE asked me to go to Paris for first non-US HONE install (one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer) on its way to becoming the "world-wide" online sales&marketing support system (next trip for HONE was Tokyo). I remember having a really difficult time discovering how to read my email back in the US (before portable terminals/computers ... although AJ did have a "portable" 2741 ... it was two 40lb cases ... I took one home March 1970; April 1970, IBM installed a real 2741 for me at home).

80s IBM did encrypting modems for the road warrior program ... analysis was that hotel pbx/telco rooms were very vulnerable ... also used for home terminal&PC program ... anything off-premise ... also required that internal network had link encryptors. Starting early 80s, I had HSDT program with T1 and faster computer links. Note that traditional internal network links were limited to 56kbits because of CPD 37x5 products ... but I hated what I had to pay for T1 link encryptors ... and they were really hard to find for >T1. At one point, I got involved in link encryptor that would do at least 3mbytes and cost less than $100 to build. The corporate crypto group declared that it significantly weakened the DES encryption standard. It took me 3months to figure out how to explain to them what it was doing (rather than weaker than DES standard, it was much stronger). They then said there was only one organization in the world that could use such crypto, I could make as many as I wanted, but they all had to be sent to them. It was when I realized that there was 3kinds of crypto in the world: 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind you can only do for them,

note 5100, mid-70s
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5100
5110
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5110
5120
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5120
and IBM/PC, "5150"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Personal_Computer
IBM/PC "5155" (30lbs)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Portable_Personal_Computer
IBM/PC "5140" (13lbs)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Convertible
IBM 2741
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_2741
my home 2741 was replaced 1977 with CDI miniterm (similar to TI silent 700)

HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

z/VM 50th - part 7

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: z/VM 50th - part 7
Date: 26 Feb, 2023
Blog: Facebook
IBM System/370
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/370

Melinda's virtual memory, 360/67, cp67, vm370 history
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda#VMHist

TSS/360 was "official" for 360/67, single-level store which tended to rely on 4k page faults for everything ... and the later (failed) Future System tended to use the same design ... lack of overlapped data transfers cut throughput. I continued to work on 360/370 all during the FS period and would periodically ridicule them ... which wasn't a career enhancing activity. I also would claim that when I was doing paged mapped filesystem for CP67/CMS, I had learned what not to do from TSS/360. FS was totally different from 370 and was going to completely replace it (internal politics were shutting down 370 during FS and the lack of new 370 stuff is credited with giving 370 system clone makers their market foothold). When FS implodes there is mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off the quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts in parallel, more info:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

A 3031 was two 158 engines, one with just the 370 microcode and a 2nd with just the integrated channel microcode. A 3032, was 168 reworked to use the 303x channel director (158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode) for external channels. A 3033 started out 168 logic remapped to 20% faster chips.

Initially, 308x was going to be multiprocessor "only" machines. However, ACP/TPF (airline control program) didn't have multiprocessor support and there was concern that whole market would move to Amdahl (Amdahl single processor was about same MIP as aggregate of two processor 3081 ... and higher throughput because of no multiprocessor software overhead, a two processor Amdahl had higher throughput than four processor 3084, two 3081s lashed together). Eventually a 3083 is shipped, basically a 3081 with one of the processors removed.

165 had 2mic main memory, for 168 it was 400-something ms (similar for 155->158). Also high-end 15x/16x were horizontal microcode machines which measured 370 instructions in avg machine cycles/instruction (compared to low/mid range 370 which were vertical microcode ... avg. 10 native instructions/370 instruction ... sort of like implemented 370 simulator on i86 machines). 165 avg. 2.1 machine cycles/370 instruction ... for 168, besides 4-5 times faster main memory, microcode was optimized to get 1.6 machine cycles/370 instruction. 3033 which started out remapping 168 logic to 20% faster chips ... also further optimized microcode and got it down to avg of one machine cycle per 370 instruction (aka, horizontal microcode could activate several hardware units overlapped with other operations, individual instructions could take longer than one cycle, but there would be an avg. of one instruction completing every cycle)

A decade+ ago, I was asked to track down decision to have all 370s running with virtual memory. I found staff member reporting to exec that made the decision. Basically MVT storage management was so bad that region sizes typically had to be specified four times larger than actually used ... as result a 1mbyte 370/165 would usually only be able to run four concurrent regions ... insufficient to keep machine busy (and justified). Going to VS2/SVS (similar to running MVT in CP67 16mbyte virtual machine) allowed number of regions to be increased by four times with little or no paging. Pieces of email exchange about adding virtual memory to all 370s (and some other subjects)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

165 engineers were then complaining that if they had to implement the full 370 virtual memory architecture, virtual memory announce would have to slip six months. Then features were dropped to help keep the original schedule ... and other models (and any software written for dropped features) would have to retreat to the virtual memory subset.

trivia: not long after joining IBM, the 370/195 engineers con'ed me nto helping with two thread (simulating multiprocessor) 370/195 .... see the death of ACS/360 (executives killed it because it might advance the state of the art too fast and IBM might loose control of the market), which has reference to multithreading patent (also refs to some features that show up more than 20yrs later with ES/9000):
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

however, the multithreaded 370/195 was killed when it was decided to make all 370s virtual memory (and it wasn't practical to try and add virtual memory to 195). Multithreaded was justified because conditional branches drained the pipeline so most conventional codes only ran at half speed (it was felt two threads running at half speed could fully utilize the machine, modulo the MVT multiprocessor software overhead) ... however 195 half speed was still faster than 3033.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360
https://gunkies.org/wiki/IBM_System/360
It was possible to connect two /65s to one memory system to create a multi-processor system, although it was not twice as fast as a single CPU, due to memory interference. It did save some cost as you did not have to duplicate memory and peripherals. A special version of the OS/MVT system called MP65 was developed for the dual processor system, but a lot of installations used it on a single processor because it had enhanced error recovery. The /65 was rated over 600 K IPS.

... snip ...

bitsavers ibm 360:
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/functional_characteristics/

158 & 168 multiprocessor had processor cycle slowed down by 10% to allow for cross-cache memory consistency protocol chatter, i.e. 1.8 times a single processor (2*.9). MVS/370 multiprocessor documented throughput of 1.2-1.5 a single processor (taking into account the MVS multiprocessor software overhead).

bitsavers ibm 370
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/370/
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/370/funcChar/
and
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/3033/
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/3090/

other recent linkedin articles
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-6-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-redrive-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm4341-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler

CMS paged-mapped filesystem posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
SMP, multiprocessor, tightly-coupled and/or compare&swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

recent archived posts mentioning linkedin articles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#117 IBM 5100
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#112 Early Webservers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#110 If Nothing Changes, Nothing Changes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#109 Early Webservers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#94 The Ladder of Incompetence: 5 Reasons We Promote the Wrong People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#91 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#88 Northern Va. is the heart of the internet. Not everyone is happy about that
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#86 IBM San Jose
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#83 Memories of Mosaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#77 IBM/PC and Microchannel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#76 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#72 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#70 GML, SGML, & HTML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#65 7090/7044 Direct Couple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#60 Boyd & IBM "Wild Duck" Discussion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#59 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#55 z/VM 50th - Part 6, long winded zm story (before z/vm)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#52 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#51 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#49 23Jun1969 Unbundling and Online IBM Branch Offices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#46 MTS & IBM 360/67
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#45 IBM 3081 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#43 IBM changes between 1968 and 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#41 IBM 3081 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#38 Disk optimization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#36 IBM changes between 1968 and 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#33 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#31 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#30 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#28 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#27 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#25 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#21 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#20 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#18 PROFS trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#17 Gangsters of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#14 360 Announce and then the Future System Disaster
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#12 IBM Marketing, Sales, Branch Offices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#11 IBM Loses Top Patent Spot After Decades as Leader
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#10 History Is Un-American. Real Americans Create Their Own Futures
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#4 Mainrame Channel Redrive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#0 AUSMINIUM FOUND IN HEAVY RED-TAPE DISCOVERY
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#124 Corporate Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#121 IBM Controlling the Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#120 IBM Controlling the Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#118 IBM Breakup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#115 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#114 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#108 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#107 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#105 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#104 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#103 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#102 IBM Pension
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#99 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#94 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#92 Psychology of Computer Programming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#88 Psychology of Computer Programming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#86 Mainframe TCP/IP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#84 CDC, Cray, Supercomputers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#77 The Internet Is Having Its Midlife Crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#72 The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#59 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#58 Model Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#57 Christmas 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#56 Tandem Memos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#55 More John Boyd and OODA-loop
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#47 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#43 1973 ARPANET Map
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#36 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#27 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#26 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#25 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#11 Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#91 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#74 Mainframe and/or Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#67 30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#66 IBM Dress Code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#53 Wednesday Night Round table
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#31 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#85 IBM CKD DASD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#73 IBM/PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#69 360/67 & DUMPRX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#46 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

StorageTek Tape Library

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: StorageTek Tape Library
Date: 27 Feb, 2023
Blog: Facebook
had storagetek robotic silo
http://www.nsa.gov/about/cryptologic_heritage/museum/
... near it was MISSI/MLS video tape playing ... I asked for a copy because I wanted to do a voice over parody. Also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Cryptologic_Museum
had harvest display
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_7950_Harvest
The TRACTOR tape system, part of the HARVEST system, was unique for its time. It included six tape drives, which handled 1.75-inch-wide (44 mm) tape in cartridges, along with a library mechanism that could fetch a cartridge from a library, mount it on a drive, and return it to the library. The transfer rates and library mechanism were balanced in performance such that the system could read two streams of data from tape, and write a third, for the entire capacity of the library, without any time wasted for tape handling.

... snip ...

past posts mentionin Cryptologic Museum and Harvest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#41 370/195
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#111 Automated Tape Library Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#19 enigma
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#11 the legacy of Seymour Cray

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Iraq War was dominated by groupthink and absolutely no humility

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Iraq War was dominated by groupthink and absolutely no humility
Date: 28 Feb, 2023
Blog: Facebook
The Iraq War was dominated by groupthink and absolutely no humility
https://responsiblestatecraft.org/2023/02/27/two-decades-later-what-has-the-us-learned-from-the-iraq-invasion/
By all accounts, the invasion has failed in achieving whatever goals U.S. policymakers had identified to justify the massive military operation in Iraq. Aside from removing Saddam Hussein from power, the country is still plagued by instability, corruption, sectarian conflicts, economic dislocation, dysfunctional infrastructure, and terrorism. Several factors contributed to the post-invasion debacle.

... snip ...

Posts mentioning WMDs, one of the justifications for the Iraq invasion&war
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
post mentioning "perpetual war"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

one of the archived posts mentioning (before the war/invasion) the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before the 2004 finding of the decommissioned WMDs was declassified)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#8 HP splits, again

posts mentioning the "Leninist Personnel Policies" (Heritage Institute recommendations to choose appointees for their loyalty to Republican Party above any qualifications).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#10 History Is Un-American. Real Americans Create Their Own Futures
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#123 Wars and More Wars: The Sorry U.S. History in the Middle East
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#107 Price Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#43 Iraq War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#97 9/11 and the Road to War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#57 After 9/11, the U.S. Got Almost Everything Wrong
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#53 The Kill Chain
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#40 The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#123 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#115 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#16 Before the First Shots Are Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#38 Trump's Message to U.S. Intelligence Officials: Be Loyal or Leave
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#21 Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lick and Keck Observatories

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Lick and Keck Observatories
Date: 28 Feb, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Early 80s started HSDT (T1 and faster computer links) and was suppose to get $20m to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. After a pitch at UCB, got asked if I could help with Berkeley 10M telescope project ... which included work on transitioning from film to CCDs ... had visits to Lick where there was some testing going on.
https://www.lickobservatory.org/

This was about the same time as San Jose going to new street lights and there was heavy lobbying for low-sodium (rather high-sodim) to reduce light pollution for Lick.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_vapor_lamp#Light_pollution_considerations

Note Berkeley got a $80M grant from Keck Foundation and it became the "Keck 10M" ... now Keck Observatory in Hawaii
https://keckobservatory.org/
They wanted high-speed (satellite) link enabling remote-viewing back on the mainland.

just under 40yrs ago

Date: 08/22/83 14:47:21
From: wheeler

i've been invited to go up to Lick observatory next Tuesday at 1pm to discuss technical details of the 10meter observatory being planned for Hawaii.

They are planning on doing image processing ... figuring 8.6*10**9 bits per evening. There will be micros controlling the 36 mirrors and some big crunchers to handle the data.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

Date: 08/30/83 18:02:51
From: wheeler

went by Lick observatory ... basically it was to see how observatories currently operate as background for subsequent discussion on the 10 meter proposal. Lick appears to be somewhat primitive on the scale of being computerized ... although I can't judge if that is just the current state of the art in that area.

University observatories in general appear to be very strapped for funds. They are just in the process of installing an LSI/11 as an upgrade to two PDP8s. A lot of stuff is done with dedicated (cheap) microprocessors (in many case they put together and maintain themselves). Even trivial things to computerize are continually gated by financial considerations.

10 meter telescope hopefully will be better funded in that area but they are talking about it being 3-5 years out. What is available in that timeframe may drastically change ... especially in price at the low end.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

... funny trivia: HSDT was having custom designed satellite earth stations built ... one set by company on the other side of the Pacific ... and another by a electronics subsidiary of Toronto Iron Works (specialized in large deep space dishes). Along the way the subsidiary told us they had been approached by the phone company which would pay a premium if they would build a set of earth stations to our (HSDT) specs. A couple years later, the parent company (TIW) has the contract to build the (Keck 10m) observatory in Hawaii.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

past posts mentioning "10m" telescope/observatory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#67 HSDT, EARN, BITNET, Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#0 Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#61 IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#60 IBM CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#25 Too much for one lifetime? :-)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#30 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#88 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#33 Cluster Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#71 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#71 Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#76 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#8 We're About to Lose Net Neutrality -- And the Internet as We Know It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#86 OT: Physics question and Star Trek
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#10 Slackware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#82 ATMs by the Numbers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#20 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#19 NSFNET (long post warning)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#8 CCD technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#7 CCD technology

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

stacking blocks After the storm, hopefully

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: stacking blocks After the storm, hopefully
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 01 Mar 2023 13:33:46 -1000
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
On the other hand, I see there is a 400MWh flow battery in China.
https://www.energy-storage.news/first-phase-of-800mwh-world-biggest-flow-battery-commissioned-in-china/


GCD Reversible Pumps
https://www.usbr.gov/pn/grandcoulee/cbp/johnkeys/index.html
The Pump-Generating Plant at Grand Coulee Dam was completed in 1951 and expanded through the 1970s. It contains 12 pumps that lift water from the Columbia River up the hillside to a canal that flows into Banks Lake, which provides irrigation water to over 670,000 acres in the Columbia Basin Project. Six of the pumps can be reversed to generate hydroelectricity when demand exists.

... snip ...

Grand Coulee Dam: History and purpose
https://www.nwcouncil.org/reports/columbia-river-history/grandcouleehistory/
Individual penstocks carry water to each generator at Grand Coulee. The largest of these, at the Third Power Plant, are 40 feet in diameter and carry up to 35,000 cubic feet per second of water, or more than twice the average annual flow of the Colorado River. The dam complex includes three switchyards to transmit electricity into the regional power grid.

... snip ...

pump/generator plant
http://npshistory.com/brochures/laro/grand-coulee-dam-pump.pdf
American Hydro upgrades pumps at Grand Coulee Dam power complex
https://www.worldpumps.com/content/news/american-hydro-upgrades-pumps-at-grand-coulee-dam-power-complex/

some past posts mention reversible pumps:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#95 Early use of word "computer", 1944
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#3 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#47 The first personal computer (PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#87 taking down the machine - z9 series
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#13 A "portable" hard disk
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#62 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#7 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#14 Geothermal was: VLIW pre-history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#43 VR vs. Portable Computing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Open Software Foundation

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Open Software Foundation
Date: 02 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Open Software Foundation
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Software_Foundation

OSF trivia: some people from Stanford asked the IBM Palo Alto Science Center if IBM would be interested in producing a workstation they had developed. PASC invited three IBM organizations to a review of the Stanford work; YKT workstations group, the SJR 925 group, and the Boca Acorn (aka IBM/PC) group. Afterwards all three groups said that they were doing things much better than the Stanford proposal. The Stanford proposal then morphed into SUN corporation with a lot of early funding by ARPA. Much later I ran into guy from ARPA cybernetics group that claimed to have funneled ARPA money to SUN (and others in Silicon Valley, claimed to have also coined "COTS"), as well as story about going to hanger in San Jose with all the SUN initial production machines and all the Sun employees ... he shakes hands with all the employees, the employess leave and then the machines leave. I had hosted an advance technology conference spring of 1982 with some of the IBM projects ... old archived posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#22
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a

other OSF trivia: during IBM Future System effort (completely different from 370 and was going to completely replace 370), internal politics was shutting down 370 effort (the lack of new 370 efforts during FS is credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold). When FS implodes, the were mad rush getting stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... including kick off quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts in parallel. The head of POK then convinces corporate to kill the VM370 product, shutdown the development group and transfer all the employees to POK for MVS/XA (or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time). Endicott eventually manages to save the VM370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch ... various comments in the VMSHARE archives (CMS-based online computer conferences, TYMSHARE made available to (user group) SHARE free in Aug1976) about VM370 code quality
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

POK was not going to tell the VM370 group about their shutdown&move until just prior to the closing (to minimize the number that might escape). The information manage to leak early and several people managed to escape into the Boston area (including joke that head of POK was a major contributor to the new, infant DEC VAX/VMS effort). Later one of the people from the VM370 group was the DEC representative to OSF. There was witchhunt for the source of the leak, but fortunately for me, nobody gave up the source.

future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
commercial online timeshare posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

some past archived posts mentioning OSF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#55 What's different, was Why did Dennis Ritchie write that UNIX was a modern implementation of CTSS?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#29 Unix work-alike
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#33 Bad History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#76 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#45 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#45 FW: What are mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#65 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#46 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#63 [CM] Coding with dad on the Dragon 32
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#102 ? How programs in c language drew graphics directly to screen in old days without X or Framebuffer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#12 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#79 EBFAS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#59 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#75 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#21 The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#55 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years ago today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#54 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years ago today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#41 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#43 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#14 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#13 A z/OS Redbook Corrected - just about!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#45 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#66 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#85 SV: USS vs USS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#28 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#79 Happy DEC-10 Day

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Open Software Foundation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Open Software Foundation
Date: 02 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#11 Open Software Foundation

careful what you ask for, recent stories starting with trying to block the bureaucrats, careerists (& MBAs) destroying the Watsons' legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
tech
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-6-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-7-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-redrive-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm4341-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
business
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler

past archived posts referencing linkedin articles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#6 z/VM 50th - part 7
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#117 IBM 5100
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#112 Early Webservers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#110 If Nothing Changes, Nothing Changes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#109 Early Webservers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#94 The Ladder of Incompetence: 5 Reasons We Promote the Wrong People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#91 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#88 Northern Va. is the heart of the internet. Not everyone is happy about that
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#86 IBM San Jose
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#83 Memories of Mosaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#77 IBM/PC and Microchannel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#76 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#72 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#70 GML, SGML, & HTML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#65 7090/7044 Direct Couple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#60 Boyd & IBM "Wild Duck" Discussion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#59 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#55 z/VM 50th - Part 6, long winded zm story (before z/vm)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#52 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#51 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#49 23Jun1969 Unbundling and Online IBM Branch Offices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#46 MTS & IBM 360/67
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#45 IBM 3081 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#43 IBM changes between 1968 and 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#41 IBM 3081 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#38 Disk optimization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#36 IBM changes between 1968 and 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#33 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#31 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#30 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#28 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#27 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#25 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#21 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#20 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#18 PROFS trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#17 Gangsters of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#14 360 Announce and then the Future System Disaster
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#12 IBM Marketing, Sales, Branch Offices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#11 IBM Loses Top Patent Spot After Decades as Leader
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#10 History Is Un-American. Real Americans Create Their Own Futures
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#4 Mainrame Channel Redrive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#0 AUSMINIUM FOUND IN HEAVY RED-TAPE DISCOVERY
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#124 Corporate Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#121 IBM Controlling the Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#120 IBM Controlling the Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#118 IBM Breakup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#115 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#114 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#108 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#107 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#105 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#104 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#103 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#102 IBM Pension
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#99 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#94 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#92 Psychology of Computer Programming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#88 Psychology of Computer Programming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#86 Mainframe TCP/IP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#84 CDC, Cray, Supercomputers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#77 The Internet Is Having Its Midlife Crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#72 The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#59 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#58 Model Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#57 Christmas 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#56 Tandem Memos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#55 More John Boyd and OODA-loop
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#47 Computer History, OS/360, Fred Brooks, MMM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#43 1973 ARPANET Map
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#36 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#27 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#26 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#25 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#11 Computer History IBM 305 RAMAC and 650 RAMAC, 1956 (350 Disk Storage)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#91 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#82 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#80 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#74 Mainframe and/or Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#72 Mainframe and/or Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#68 Datacenter Vulnerability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#67 30 years of (IBM) Management Briefings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#66 IBM Dress Code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#65 IBM DPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#62 IBM DPD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#57 IBM changes to retirement benefits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#53 Wednesday Night Round table
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#52 IBM changes to retirement benefits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#49 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#31 Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#5 IBM Tech Editor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#120 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#119 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#118 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#101 Father, Son, and Co.: My Life at IBM and Beyond
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#85 IBM CKD DASD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#73 IBM/PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#69 360/67 & DUMPRX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#51 IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#47 z/VM 50th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#46 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#28 IBM Power: The Servers that Apple Should Have Created
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#6 What is IBM SNA?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM/PC

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM/PC
Date: 02 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Head of POK then went on to be head of Boca. I was publishing SJMN sunday adverts for (clone) PCs in internal forums ... basically significantly less than Boca internal projections. Then Boca hired Dataquest (since bought by Gartner) to do detailed short&long predictions of the PC market ... to include multi-hour video Round Table of silicon valley experts. I had known the responsible person at Dataquest for a long time and was asked to be one of the silicon valley experts. I cleared it with my immediate management and Dataquest promised to garble my identity so Boca wouldn't recognize me as IBM employee.

Note communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing (and doing its best to limit PCs to 3270 emulation). Trivia: AWD (workstation) had done their own (at bus) 4mbit token-ring card for the PC/RT. However for RS/6000 and microchannel, AWD was told that they could only use standard PS2 microchannel cards (that were heavily performance kneecapped by the communication group), typical example was the 16mbit T/R microchannel card had lower card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card (it didn't help that $800 16mbit T/R card was lucky to clear 1mbit/sec while $69 10mbit ethernet cards were regularly clocked at 8+mbit/sec

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at an annual, world-wide, communication group internal conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... however he opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The disk division was seeing data fleeing datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. GPD/Adstar had come up with a number of solutions that were constantly being vetoed by the communication group (with its corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed the datacenter walls). As partial work-around the GPD/Adstar software VP was investing in distributed computing startups that would use IBM disks (he would periodically ask us to stop by his investments to see if we could provide any assistance).

communication group fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, AWD, PC/RT, RS/6000, power, power/pc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

posts mentioning dataquest pc study
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#109 terminals and servers, was How convergent was the general use of binary floating point?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#89 Silicon Valley
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#27 PC Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#89 Obsolete processors, 286 vs. 386
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#33 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#26 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#46 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#26 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#44 Slackware
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#62 How long before Microsoft goes the way of DEC (and in part, IBM)?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#69 Intel's Future is integrated
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#60 more on (the new 40+ yr old) virtualization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#21 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM User Group, SHARE

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM User Group, SHARE
Date: 02 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
As an undergraduate was hired fulltime by the univ. responsible for os/360 and then by boeing (both sending me to share) ... then when I graduate, I join IBM science center ... continued to go to share and drop by customers. Was at SHARE meeting when this was first performed
http://www.mxg.com/thebuttonman/boney.asp

Note precursor to the (IBM) internal forums (and social media) ... AUG1976, TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
started offering their CMS-based online computer conferencing service "free" to the mainframe user group SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
as VMSHARE ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I cut a deal with Tymshare to get a monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE (and later PCSHARE) files to put up on internal systems (including online world-wide sales and marketing support, HONE systems) and the internal network. The biggest problem I had was with IBM lawyers who were concerned that internal employees exposed to customer information, would be contaminated.

Trivia: long time virtual machine customer (going back to CP/67 in the 60s) was 3-letter gov. agency. Nominally, SHARE installation codes was institution letters ... however they got CAD (will show up in vmshare archives) ... supposedly for "cloak and dagger".

virtual machine-based commercial online computer services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online
archived HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM User Group, SHARE

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM User Group, SHARE
Date: 03 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#14 IBM User Group, SHARE

I had taken two credit hr intro to fortran/computers and at the end of the semester, univ. hired me to rewrite 1401 MPIO for 360/30. The univ had 709 (tape->tape) with 1401 unit-record front end ... and had been sold 360/67 for tss/360 (replacing 709/1401) with 360/30 replacing 1401 temporary until 360/67 arrives. Univ. shutdown datacenter over the weekends and I would have the whole place dedicated (although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday classes hard), I got to design and implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, etc and within a few weeks I had a 2000 card assembler program. Then within a year of taking intro class, I was hired fulltime responsible for os/360 (the 360/67 had arrived, but tss/360 never came to production fruition, so ran as 360/65 with os/360). Student fortran ran less than second on 709. Initially on 360/65, student fortran ran over a minute, I install HASP and it cuts it in half. I then start doing careful reworked STAGE2 sysgen, carefully placing datasets and PDS members to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multitrack search ... cutting student jobs by another 2/3rds to 12.9secs (never got better than 709 until I install WATFOR for student jobs).

Then three people from science center came out to install CP67 (3rd installation after mit lincoln labs and cambridge itself) and I mostly got to play with it during by dedicated weekend time ... and rewrote a lot of CP67 code. I was then asked to attend share in houston for the cp67 announcement. Part of SHARE presentation on careful reworked (MFT14) SYSGEN running stand-alone, running with original CP67, and with some early CP67 rewrites
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Before I graduate I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services, consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities. I think Renton datacenter largest in the world, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around machine room, couple hundred million in computer stuff. Lots of politics between Renton manager and CFO, who only had a 360/30 up at Boeing field for payroll (although they enlarge the machine room to install 360/67 for me to play with when I'm not doing other stuff). When I graduate, I join the science center ... instead of staying at Boeing.

After joining IBM, I'm asked to teach classes at the agency. Before joining IBM, I get suggestions from IBM for doing CP67 enhancements, which the science center would pickup and ship ... and in retrospect, some of the suggestions may have originated from the agency.

trivia: a decade+ ago, I was asked to track down decision to add virtual memory to all 370s and find somebody on staff to executive making decision, basically MVT storage management was so bad that regions had to be specified four times larger than used, so 1mbyte 370/165 would typically only run four regions concurrently, insufficient to keep machine busy (& justified). Moving MVT to 16mbyte virtual memory (very similar to running MVT in CP67 virtual machine), number of concurrent regions could be increased by four times with little or no paging. Old archived post with pieces of the email exchange:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

with the decision to add virtual memory to all 370s, part of the science center splits off (to become vm370 development group) and moves to the 3rd flr taking over the IBM Boston Programming Center ... which doesn't take the full 3rd floor; the rest is listed as a law firm in the bldg. directory. However the 3rd flr telco room is on the IBM side ... one panel is marked "IBM" in large letters, the other panel is marked <3ltr gov. agency>.

other history
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda#VMHist

virtual machine-based commercial online computer services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

some recent posts mentioning univ. student fortran jobs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#65 7090/7044 Direct Couple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#22 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#110 CICS sysprogs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#99 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#60 Fortran
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#21 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#8 CICS 53 Years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#42 WATFOR and CICS were both addressing some of the same OS/360 problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#31 Technology Flashback
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#110 Window Display Ground Floor Datacenters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#95 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#69 Mainframe History: How Mainframe Computers Evolved Over the Years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#57 CMS OS/360 Simulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#20 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#70 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#0 System Response
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#89 Computer BUNCH
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#13 360 Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#72 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#23 Target Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#12 Programming Skills

other recent posts mentiong 370 virtual memory decision
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#6 z/VM 50th - part 7
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#0 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#76 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#50 370 Virtual Memory Decision
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#34 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#4 Mainrame Channel Redrive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#115 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#36 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#32 do some Americans write their 1's in this way ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#27 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#4 IBM CAD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#83 COBOL and tricks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#44 z/VM 50th
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#41 MVS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#7 Vintage Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#91 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#54 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#97 MVS support
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#93 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#61 IBM 360/50 Simulation From Its Microcode
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#55 CMS OS/360 Simulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#51 IBM Spooling
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#18 Computer Server Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#72 IBM Mainframe market was Re: Approximate reciprocals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#50 IBM 3033 Personal Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#2 IBM 2250 Graphics Display
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#92 Computer BUNCH
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#76 Link FEC and Encryption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#51 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#89 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#74 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#73 MVT storage management issues
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#58 Computer Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#31 370/195
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#10 360/65, 360/67, 360/75

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM User Group, SHARE

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM User Group, SHARE
Date: 03 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#14 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#15 IBM User Group, SHARE

SHARE "Knights of VM"
http://mvmua.org/knights.html

In the middle of the 70s, I was increasingly vocal that trade-off of I/O (like multi-track search) versus real memory caching the information. In the early 80s, I wrote that relative system disk throughput had declined by order of magnitude (factor of ten times) since the mid-60s (systems got 40-50 times faster, disks got 3-5 faster). A GPD disk division executive took exception and directed the disk division performance group to refute the claim. After a few weeks they came back and essentially said that I had slightly under stated the problem. They then respun the analysis for configuring datasets for improved throughput and used it for SHARE presentation; 16Aug1984, SHARE 63, B874.

some recent posts about channel I/O ... when I was being asked to play disk engineer in bldg14&15
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-redrive-lynn-wheeler/

trivia: currently cache-miss memory latency, when measured in count of processor cycles is similar to 60s disk latency when measured in count of 60s processor cycles (motivating development of lots of hardware features that overlap with waiting for memory, analogous to 60s multiprogramming).

playing disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

some recent archive posts mentioning "B874" presentation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#33 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#6 Mainrame Channel Redrive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#36 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#87 CICS (and other history)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#0 Mainframe Channel I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#49 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#48 360&370 I/O Channels
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#22 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#77 Channel I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#92 Processor, DASD, VTAM & TCP/IP performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Military-Industrial Complex and American Fascism

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Military-Industrial Complex and American Fascism
Date: 03 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
The Military-Industrial Complex and American Fascism
https://bracingviews.substack.com/p/the-military-industrial-complex-and
Consider the classic symbol of the fasces, from which the word fascism is drawn. It's a bundle of rods bound tightly together -- the idea being that while one rod may be bent or broken, a bundle of them becomes far more resistant to bending or breaking. For me, this image conjures the MICIMATT. Bundle the military with industry, add Congress, roughly 17 intelligence agencies, the media, academe, and various think tanks, then bind them with nearly a trillion dollars and enormous political and cultural authority and you create a structure that is far stronger, insidiously so, than the sum of its individual parts.

... snip ...

... Boyd quote
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"

... snip ...

posts mentioning John Boyd
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/lynnwheeler_john-boyd-usaf-the-fighter-pilot-who-changed-activity-6807163421579186176-ZO9G/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/more-john-boyd-ooda-loop-lynn-wheeler/

Boyd posts and web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Christian nationalist posts:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#78 Wealthy Donors Bankroll Christian Nationalists to Sustain Unregulated Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#48 Nationalism in American Politics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#31 The Rachel Maddow Show 7/25/22
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#24 The Rachel Maddow Show 7/25/22
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#72 In U.S., Far More Support Than Oppose Separation of Church and State
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#59 The Uproar Ovear the "Ultimate American Bible"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#98 Christian nationalists are trying to seize power -- but progressives have a plan to fight back

posts mentioning capitalism (and many times fascism)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
posts mentioning military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military-industrial-complex
posts mentioning success of failure culture (more money from failures)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
posts mentioning perpetual war
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
posts mentioning WMDs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
posts mentioning inequality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
posts mentioning racism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lee Considered (Civil War America)

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Lee Considered (Civil War America)
Date: 04 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Lee Considered (Civil War America)
https://www.amazon.com/Lee-Considered-General-History-America-ebook/dp/B00ZVEM3T6/
pg152/loc2782-85:
Contrary to the Lee tradition, it appears that after the war the general's attitudes matched those of most of his fellow Southerners in spite of some conciliatory statements. He embraced the conventional claims of the defeated South: states' rights, white supremacy, the correctness of secession and the Southerners' wartime efforts, and an insistence that the North honor their cause.

pg169/loc3086-95:
The socially correct history of the war extended to a rationalization of the Southern defeat. A set of contradictory theses was codified by the South and adopted by the North. On the one hand, it was established that the South could not have won and, as was inevitable from the beginning, was overwhelmed by numbers. On the other hand, it was asserted that if the South had won at Gettysburg, it would have won the war. The South's loss at Gettysburg was attributed principally to the alleged failure of Gen. James Longstreet on the second day of the battle. The claim that the South would have won the war had it been victorious at Gettysburg and that Longstreet caused the defeat there led to another Southern canon. Foster calls this the "Longstreet-lost-it-at-Gettysburg" theory. 40 As explained by J. William Jones, Lee's early biographer and advocate, the South would have "won Gettysburg, and Independence, but for the failure of one man" (emphasis in original). 41 And Jones purported to involve Lee directly in this rationale when he quoted the general as saying: "If I had Stonewall Jackson at Gettysburg, we should have won a great victory.

pg170/loc3104-8:
Why the South Lost the Civil War: The death of chattel slavery, along with the surrender of dreams of separate nationhood, allowed the South to claim victory, in partnership with the North, while state rights, white supremacy, and honor proved that the South had not fought in vain. Vanquished only on the field of battle (and over the years they even explained away this defeat), Southerners could claim victory in partnership with the Federals. . . . If the war was lost over slavery and independence, the peace was waged - and won - for state rights, white supremacy, and honor.

... snip ...

... aka as part of trying to heal the country's civil war wounds, the south was allowed to maintain their white supremacy ... rather than the country facing and dealing with it

previous
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#35 Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#36 Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History

racism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
posts mentioning military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military-industrial-complex

Generals South, Generals North: The Commanders of the Civil War Reconsidered
https://www.amazon.com/Generals-South-North-Commanders-Reconsidered-ebook/dp/B012A1WML6/
archived posts with references
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#46 Why Native Americans are buying back land that was stolen from them
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#86 How Custer Met His End at Little Bighorn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#81 Indian Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#62 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#40 Indian Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#83 people's heights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#45 Debate Over Ken Burns Civil War Doc Continues Over Decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#92 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#45 Qbasic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lee Considered (Civil War America)

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Lee Considered (Civil War America)
Date: 05 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#18 Lee Considered (Civil War America)

'Gone With the Wind': The Explosive Lost Scenes. A never-revealed war over slavery's depiction. Rhett Butler's suicidal intentions. A rediscovered script reveals what didn't make final cut
https://theankler.com/p/gone-with-the-wind-the-explosive

Lee Considered
https://www.amazon.com/Lee-Considered-General-History-America-ebook/dp/B00ZVEM3T6/
pg165/3012-17:
This revisionism in regard to the role of slavery and the character of the slaves could have remained an entirely Southern theme. The revision could not become part of the Civil War legend without Northern acceptance, and the North, including its academic historians, did accept the South's rewriting of the record. The North let the South substitute a war for liberty for the war for slavery, and the North ceased to think of the slaves and freedmen as serious persons. Exported to the North, the happy darky stereotype was widely embraced, prevailing well into the twentieth century and pervading the popular imagination from novels and the press to Walt Disney movies.

pg166/3031-34:
In accepting the South's trivializing of slavery as the cause of the war and trivializing of black people in general, the North met the social needs of both sections. It also served its own racist predilections. In Foster's words, Southerners gloried in northern homage to their conquered banner and in all other signs of northern respect... . The North had publicly conceded, as the South had wanted it to since 1865, the honor and nobility of the Confederates' fight.

pg167/3046-49:
The fiction of disregarding slavery also meant that cause and effect were unhinged in regard to the war. The void resulting from setting aside slavery did not, of course, remain. The historians came forward. Among them were proponents of an economic interpretation in the early twentieth century. Influenced in part by their own racism, they were able to provide explanations of the nation's ordeal as the result of disputes over tariffs, the control of investment banking, and conflict between industrial and agricultural societies.

... snip ...

'Just the tip of the iceberg': Kimberle Crenshaw warns against rightwing battle over critical race theory
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2023/mar/04/critical-race-theory-kimberle-crenshaw-segregation-us-democracy

racism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
posts mentioning military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military-industrial-complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Technology

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Technology
Date: 05 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re: TCMs; can claim TCM originated trying to package enormous number of 3081 circuits in reasonably sized computer. At same time, Amdahl had single processor (air cooled) machine with higher throughput than two processor 3081 (and two processor Amdahl machine with much higher throughput than 3084, two 3081s lashed together). more about enormous number circuits in 3081:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Amdahl had earlier left IBM after ACS/360 was canceled (executives afraid it would advance state of the art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market) ... following also lists some ACS/360 features that later show up in ES/9000.
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

re: fiber; 1980, STL was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people from IMS group to offsite bldg. They had tried "remote 3270", but the human factors were found to be totally unacceptable. I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support ... so that they can install channel attach 3270 controllers in the offsite bldg with no perceived difference in human factors (compared to in STL). The hardware vendor tries to get IBM to release my support, but there is a group in POK playing with some fiber stuff, that get it vetoed (afraid that if it was in the market, it would be harder to justify shipping their stuff). In 1988, the branch office asks if I can help LLNL (national lab) get some serial stuff they are playing with, standardized ... which quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980), initially 1gbit full duplex (2gbit/200mbyte aggregate). Then POK gets their stuff released in 1990 (when it is already obsolete, 17mbytes/sec) with ES/9000 as ESCON. Then some POK engineers become involved with FCS and define a heavy weight protocol that radically reduces the native throughput, which ships as FICON. Latest public benchmark I found was "Peak I/O" using 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS) getting 2M IOPS. About the same time a FCS is announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS having higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 FCS).

when I originally transferred to san jose research, I could wander customer and IBM datacenters. Bldgs 14 (disk enginneering) and 15 (disk product test) across the street, were running prescheduled stand-alone testing ... they mentioned that they had tried MVS, but found it had 15min mean-time-between failure in that environment. I offered to rewrite I/O supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail, allowing any amount of concurrent, on-demand testing, significantly improving productivity. Bldg15 then gets the first engineering 3033 (outside of POK processor development) for disk I/O and 3033 channel testing. For some time the 3033 channel director ... initially requiring manual reset/re-impl. Then discover if quickly execute clear channel for all six channels, it would automagically re-impl itself. Also, since i/o testing only took percent or two of cpu, found two strings of 3330 (8 drives/string) and 3830 controller and setup our own online service. Part of 3370 floating head design, air bearing simulation app was being run on SJR 370/195 ... but only getting a couple turn arounds/month. We set it up on the bldg15 engineering 3033 and could get multiple turn-arounds/day (even tho 3033 was less than half 370/195). Downside was engineers got into habit of blaming my software anytime there was problem and I had to increasingly play disk engineer diagnosing their hardware. The other downside was I wrote an IBM (internal-only) report about the effort and happen to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... bringing down the wrath of the MVS group on my head (aka they couldn't show it wasn't true ... falling back on I shouldn't be allowed to say it)

posts mentioning after future system implodes, there is quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
channel-extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon
playing disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

FICON
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FICON
Fibre Channel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel

other Fibre Channel:

Fibre Channel Protocol
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel_Protocol
Fibre Channel switch
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel_switch
Fibre Channel electrical interface
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel_electrical_interface
Fibre Channel over Ethernet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel_over_Ethernet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lee Considered (Civil War America)

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Lee Considered (Civil War America)
Date: 06 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#18 Lee Considered (Civil War America)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#19 Lee Considered (Civil War America)

... continued down to present day

In Selma, Biden Says US Must Face 'The Good, The Bad' Of Its History
https://www.barrons.com/news/in-selma-biden-says-us-must-face-the-good-the-bad-of-its-history-ec622c2b
Statement by President Biden on the Anniversary of Bloody Sunday
https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2022/03/06/statement-by-president-biden-on-the-anniversary-of-bloody-sunday/
Biden, in Selma, Says Voting Rights Are Still 'Under Assault'
https://www.nytimes.com/2023/03/05/us/politics/biden-voting-rights-selma.html
Selma march: Biden recognizes 'Bloody Sunday' civil-rights anniversary
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2023/03/05/bloody-sunday-biden-civil-rights-selma/11374012002/
WATCH: Biden gives remarks on 58th anniversary of 'Bloody Sunday' in Selma
https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/watch-live-biden-gives-remarks-on-58th-anniversary-of-bloody-sunday-in-selma

racism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Big Con: How the Consulting Industry Weakens Our Businesses, Infantilizes Our Governments, and Warps Our Economies

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Big Con: How the Consulting Industry Weakens Our Businesses, Infantilizes Our Governments, and Warps Our Economies
Date: 07 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
The Big Con: How the Consulting Industry Weakens Our Businesses, Infantilizes Our Governments, and Warps Our Economies
https://www.amazon.com/Big-Consulting-Businesses-Infantilizes-Governments-ebook/dp/B0B9JDBYFS/
There is an entrenched relationship between the consulting industry and the way business and government are managed today that must change. Mariana Mazzucato and Rosie Collington show that our economies' reliance on companies such as McKinsey & Company, Boston Consulting Group, Bain & Company, PwC, Deloitte, KPMG, and EY stunts innovation, obfuscates corporate and political accountability, and impedes our collective mission of halting climate breakdown.

The "Big Con" describes the confidence trick the consulting industry performs in contracts with hollowed-out and risk-averse governments and shareholder value-maximizing firms. It grew from the 1980s and 1990s in the wake of reforms by the neoliberal right and Third Way progressives, and it thrives on the ills of modern capitalism, from financialization and privatization to the climate crisis. It is possible because of the unique power that big consultancies wield through extensive contracts and networks--as advisors, legitimators, and outsourcers--and the illusion that they are objective sources of expertise and capacity. In the end, the Big Con weakens our businesses, infantilizes our governments, and warps our economies.

In The Big Con, Mazzucato and Collington throw back the curtain on the consulting industry. They dive deep into important case studies of consultants taking the reins with disastrous results, such as the debacle of the roll out of HealthCare.gov and the tragic failures of governments to respond adequately to the COVID-19 pandemic. The result is an important and exhilarating intellectual journey into the modern economy's beating heart. With peerless scholarship, and a wealth of original research, Mazzucato and Collington argue brilliantly for building a new system in which public and private sectors work innovatively for the common good.


... snip ...

pg1/loc163-66:
Many governments have stopped investing in their own capacity and capabilities, and because they fear failure they do not take risks. Many businesses have shirked responsibility for change, and are focused on earning short-term profits through easy, unproductive strategies, such as buying back their own shares to boost stock prices, or not paying workers their fair share.

pg3/loc200-203:
What we call the Big Con is not about criminal activity. It describes the confidence trick the consulting industry performs in contracts with hollowed-out and timid governments and shareholder value-maximizing firms. These contracts enable the consulting industry to earn incomes that far exceed the actual value it provides form of "economic rents," or "income earned in excess of the reward corresponding to the contribution of a factor of production to value creation."

... snip ...

The Big Con by Mariana Mazzucato and Rosie Collington review - how consultancy firms cash in
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2023/feb/16/the-big-con-by-mariana-mazzucato-and-rosie-collington-review-how-consultancy-firms-cash-in
The Big Con -- the case against consultancies. Mariana Mazzucato and Rosie Collington's polemic on the need to draw a boundary between state and private activity -- and rebuild public sector capability
https://www.ft.com/content/ae2a6f5a-68e9-43a1-b313-1664c91e0287

... similarly, especially after turn of century, private equity found buying up beltway bandits and gov. contractors, and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource gov to their companies (side-stepping laws preventing funds from gov. contracts for congressional lobbying), contributing to the spreading success of failure culture.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

private equity significantly cutting their companies' costs and expenses to maximize their revenue, private equity owned companies doing gov. security clearances were found to be filling out the paper work, but not actually doing background checks, private equity gov. intelligence companies becoming 70% of budget and half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
From a shareholder perspective, Booz Allen's willingness to cut senior staff and overhead in defense of profits is certainly a plus, as is the potential that Carlyle will pay itself another big dividend with borrowed money.
...snip ...

The success of failure culture, a series of failures resulting in more contracts for the private equity owned companies.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

success of failure posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
stock buyback posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM VM370 "Resource Manager"

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM VM370 "Resource Manager"
Date: 08 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
The IBM 23jun1969 unbundling announcement started to charge for (application) software (managed to make case that operating system software was still free), SE services, maint. etc (couldn't figure out how to not charge for trainee SEs at customer, which was original motivation for the HONE systems). In the 1st half of the 70s there was "Future System" which was completely different from 370 and was going to completely replace it and internal politics was killing off 370 stuff (lack of new 370 during the period is credited with giving the clone 370 makers, their market foothold).

After joining IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and I continued to work on 360&370 stuff all during the FS period (including periodically ridiculing what they were doing, which was exactly career enhancing activity). After FS implodes, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines (including kicking off Q&D 3033&3081 in parallel) and decision to transition to start charging for operating system software (motivated by rise of clone 370 makers). I was asked to package some of the stuff I was doing for internal datacenters, to be initial guinea pig for charged-for operating system (add-on) software (eventually transition to charging for all operating system software).

some more mention of FS (3033&3081)
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

Somebody from corporate reviewed the package and said he would NOT approve the release because resource management stuff didn't have any manual tuning knobs .. which was the state-of-the-art for resource management. I tried to explain about dynamic adaptive resource management ... but it fell on deaf ears. So I hadded some manual tuning knobs called "SRM" (ridiculing the enormous number of MVS SRM manual tuning knobs) ... the joke was (from operation research, "degrees of freedom") was that the dynamic adaptive code could offset/compensate for any manual knob setting (I documented, shipped code, etc, but few caught the joke about dynamic adaptive code offsetting any manual setting).

By early 80s, transition was complete for charging for all operating system software and the "OCO-wars" started, stopped shipping source.

"fair share" resource manager posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
IBM 23jun1969 unbundling announcement
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

some recent archived posts mentioning OCO-wars:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#96 Mainframe Assembler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#68 IBM and OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#7 RED and XEDIT fullscreen editors
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#118 IBM Disks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#30 Online at home
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#121 Computer Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#50 VM/SP crashing all over the place
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#55 even an old mainframer can do it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#27 IBM Fan-fold cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#2 What's Fortran?!?!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#5 Z/VM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#14 Unbundling and Kernel Software

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM HASP (& 2780 terminal)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM HASP (& 2780 terminal)
Date: 08 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
at the univ, I added terminal input to HASP ... with an editor thatimplemented CP67/CMS editor syntax ... and removed the HASP 2780 support (to save on real memory) ... I thot was better than IBM's CRJE. Old archived post from decade+ ago with pieces of email exchange about decision to add virtual memory to all 370s ... including tidbits about HASP and other subjects:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

HASP (ASP, JES2, JES3, NJI/NJE) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Railroaded

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Railroaded
Date: 09 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Railroaded. Given the public safety concerns over the event covered here, we are publishing this piece in full, without a paywall. Please feel free to share.
https://doomberg.substack.com/p/railroaded
On November 30, 2012, a freight train operated by Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail) derailed while traveling over a movable bridge in Paulsboro, New Jersey, a small town located across the Delaware River and a few miles south of Philadelphia. As the crow flies, the accident occurred just 2.5 miles from Philadelphia International Airport (PHL), substantially elevating the stakes involved.

Of the 82 freight cars being hauled, 55 were carrying hazardous materials, 15 of which contained vinyl chloride.


... snip ...

Political Risks for Railroads. The recent derailment in East Palestine, Ohio has negative implications for the industry. Berkshire Hathaway's ownership of BNSF could be an advantage as politicians and regulators pursue reforms.
https://rationalwalk.substack.com/p/political-risks-for-railroads

past "Railroaded" aritcle/book
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pg77/pg1984-86:
By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.

pg510/loc10030-33:
The result was not only unneeded railroads whose effects were as often bad as beneficial but also corruption of the markets and the government. The men who directed this capital were frequently not themselves capitalists. They were entrepreneurs who borrowed money or collected subsidies. These entrepreneurs did not invent the railroad, but they were inventing corporations, railroad systems, and new forms of competition. Those things yielded both personal wealth and social disasters

pg515/loc10118-22:
The need to invest capital and labor in large amounts to maintain and upgrade what had already been built was one debt owed to the past, but the second one was what Charles Francis Adams in his days as a reformer referred to as a tax on trade. All of the watered stock, money siphoned off into private pockets, waste, and fraud that characterized the building of the railroads created a corporate debt that had to be paid through higher rates and scrimping on service. A shipper in 1885 was still paying for the frauds of the 1860s.

... snip ...

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

past (archived) posts mentioning "railroaded"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#115 Years Before East Palestine Disaster, Congressional Allies of the Rail Industry Intervened to Block Safety Regulations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#114 After the storm, hopefully
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#121 We need to rebuild a legal system where corporations owe duties to the general public
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#97 Why Companies Are Becoming B Corporations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#36 The Supreme Court Has Never Been Apolitical
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#7 The COVID Supply Chain Breakdown Can Be Traced to Capitalist Globalization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#53 West from Appomattox: The Reconstruction of America after the Civil War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#46 Why Native Americans are buying back land that was stolen from them
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#28 Massive infrastructure spending has a dark side. Yes, there is such a thing as dumb growth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#27 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#36 How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#71 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#44 Corporations Are People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DISK Performance and Reliability

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: DISK Performance and Reliability
Date: 10 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
I have oft repeated story about as undergraduate in the 60s completely redoing OS/360 STAGE2 SYSGEN to carefully order datasets and PDS members to optimize arm seek and multi-track (PDS directory) search. Univ. had 709 (tape->tape) with 1401 for unit-record ... student fortran jobs ran less than second. Univ. was sold 360/67 for tss/360 to replace 709/1401 ... but was used as 360/65 for os/360 and I was hired fulltime responsible for OS/360. Initially student fortran ran over a minute, I installed HASP which cut that in half. I then redid STAGE2 SYSGEN and cut student fortran by another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. Six months of IBM PTFs ... six months of IBM "PTFs" (with lots of PDS member replacement) would noticable cause degradation that I would have to re-SYSGEN the system to restore the careful ordering (modern "defrag"). Student Fortran jobs never got better than 709 unitl I installed Univ. of Waterloo WATFOR (single step monitor, load&execute, everthing in memory and then typically run a whole card tray of student jobs, making as little use of OS/360 resources as possible). WATFOR in some sense was similar to CICS ... as single step monitor, load, open all files and keep them open for the duration of the job (OPEN SVC was periodically extreme requiring loading a whole sequence of PDS members) ... do its on memory management, etc, minimal reliance on the heavy weight OS/360 services.

Mid-70s, I had started pontificating that 60s process/IO trade-offs had started to shift and IO was increasingly becoming major problem. Early 80s published disk performance relative system performance had declined by order of magnitude since introduction of 360s (disks got 3-5 times faster, rest of system got 40-50 times faster). Senior GPD executive took exception and assigned division performance group to refute the claim, after a few weeks they came back and basically said I had understated the problem. They then respun the analysis into a SHARE report (on how to optimize disk configuration for better throughput), 16Aug1984, SHARE 63, B874.

Today, memory is new disks, 60s disk latency access, when measured in number of 60s processor cycles, is similar to current memory latency (cache miss, etc) when measuerd in count of current processor cycles (and real hard disk I/O is computer equivalent of centuries).

Note the large cloud operators have lots of studies of system components (multiple megadatacenters with half million or more systems/megadatacenter), performance, replacement and maintenance have become major cost (building/assembling their own systems) and over the years are responsible for detailed studies on component reliability and performance; going on two decades ago
https://storagemojo.com/2007/02/19/googles-disk-failure-experience/

more recent: Testing shows SSDs are now more reliable than hard drives, Backblaze tested thousands of SSDs for four years, and the results are surprising
https://www.pcworld.com/article/1068808/testing-shows-ssds-are-now-more-reliable-than-hard-drives.html
https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2022/09/five-years-of-data-show-that-ssds-are-more-reliable-than-hdds-over-the-long-haul/

Backup and cloud storage company Backblaze has published data comparing the long-term reliability of solid-state storage drives and traditional spinning hard drives in its data center. Based on data collected since the company began using SSDs as boot drives in late 2018, Backblaze cloud storage evangelist Andy Klein published a report yesterday showing that the company's SSDs are failing at a much lower rate than its HDDs as the drives age.

... snip ...

Recent terabyte USB 3.2 SSD for <$100, smaller than cellphone, for backup (of terabyte system SSD) is significantly faster than harddisk USB backup

Industry-leading read/write speeds up to 2,000MB/s. Requires compatible devices to reach USB 3.2 Gen 2x2 USB-C Performance. Capacities up to 4TB to support high resolution images, 8K videos, and large documents.

... sale was <$100 2months ago, now listed $102. came with USB-C<->USB-C cable for portable devices (like cellphones) ... had to get separate USB-C<->USB-A for PC backup.

dasd, ckd, fba, arm seek, multi-track search posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd
CICS/BDAM posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics
FICON posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon
cloud megadatacenters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter
getting to play disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

recent posts mentioning B874 SHARE presentation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#16 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#33 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#6 Mainrame Channel Redrive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#36 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#87 CICS (and other history)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#84 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#0 Mainframe Channel I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#49 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#48 360&370 I/O Channels
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#22 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#77 Channel I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#92 Processor, DASD, VTAM & TCP/IP performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#131 Multitrack Search Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#108 IBM Disks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#105 IBM CKD DASD and multi-track search
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#78 IBM 370 and Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#23 fast sort/merge, OoO S/360 descendants
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#44 iBM System/3 FORTRAN for engineering/science work?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#53 3380 disk capacity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#33 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#79 IBM Disk Division
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#59 San Jose bldg 50 and 3380 manufacturing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#17 Performance History, 5-10Oct1986, SEAS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Should We Expect to See a Rise in Christian Nationalist Violence in the US?

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Should We Expect to See a Rise in Christian Nationalist Violence in the US?
Date: 10 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Should We Expect to See a Rise in Christian Nationalist Violence in the US?
https://religiondispatches.org/should-we-expect-to-see-a-rise-in-christian-nationalist-violence-in-the-us/
Increasingly, members of religious majorities see violence as an acceptable way to beat back the threat posed by religious heterogeneity. Whereas religious violence is commonly believed to be a "weapon of the weak," it's actually more often a "weapon of the strong" wielded against marginalized and oppressed minority communities. We see evidence supportive of this thesis in countries as diverse as Brazil, Central African Republic, Pakistan, India, and Myanmar, where vigilantes from dominant religious communities routinely attack the homes, businesses, and houses of worship of religious minorities with impunity.
...
This fusion of religion and nation has created a fertile breeding ground for a culture of violence to take root. Of course, Christian nationalist violence in the United States is nothing new. In the 1990s, violent Christian nationalists carried out the bombing of a government building in Oklahoma City, the bombing of Atlanta's Centennial Olympic Park, and numerous bombings of abortion clinics across the country.

... snip ...

racism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

some recent past posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#17 The Military-Industrial Complex and American Fascism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#35 Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#78 Wealthy Donors Bankroll Christian Nationalists to Sustain Unregulated Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#48 Nationalism in American Politics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#31 The Rachel Maddow Show 7/25/22
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#24 The Rachel Maddow Show 7/25/22
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#72 In U.S., Far More Support Than Oppose Separation of Church and State
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#59 The Uproar Ovear the "Ultimate American Bible"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#30 The Supreme Court Finally Lets the Light Shine on Trump
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#57 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#84 Steve King Devised an Insane Formula to Claim Undocumented Immigrants Are Taking Over America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#98 Christian nationalists are trying to seize power -- but progressives have a plan to fight back

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NEC processors banned for 386 industrial espionage?

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: NEC processors banned for 386 industrial espionage?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 10 Mar 2023 17:55:56 -1000
info@whitexmasradio.com (OldbieOne) writes:
That's right! I forget what the driver was behind the decision though. I am still rather upset at Apple for essentially crippling my G5 powerMac with all the bells and whistles a little less than a year after purchasing it, by stopping support of the Motorolla processors for future OS releases. There was one more OS after the one it shipped with, and no more.

I'd still argue that the Motorolla architecture was far superior to Intel at the time. I mean, it's hard to argue otherwise anymore as the whole marketplace shifts towards RISC architecture from mobile devices through to the latest Mac offerings.


The executive we reported when we started on HA/6000 (I renamed it HA/CMP, High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing, when started working on technical cluster scale-up and national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with RDBMS vendors), went over to head up Somerset (prior to IBM, he was at Motorola, and later left to be president of MIPS) ... for AIM; apple, ibm, motorola ... to do single chip power/pc.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIM_alliance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC_600

60x bus:
In order to help the effort to rapidly incorporate the 88110 bus architecture to the 601 for the benefit of the alliance and its customers, Motorola management provided not only the 88110 bus architecture specifications, but also a handful of 88110 bus-literate designers to help with the 60x bus logic implementation and verification. Given the Apple system design team was familiar with the I/O bus structure from Motorola's 88110 and this I/O bus implementation was well defined and documented, the 601 team adopted the bus technology to improve time to market. The bus was renamed the 60x bus once implemented on the 601.[2] These Motorola (and a small number of Apple) designers joined over 120 IBM designers in creating the 601.

... snip ...

another one of the issues was that 801/risc (ROMP, RIOS, POWER, etc) had no cache consistency ... so wasn't very conducive to doing multiprocessor implementations.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motorola_88000
The first implementation of the 88000 ISA was the MC88100 microprocessor, which included an integrated FPU. Mated to this was the MC88200 MMU and cache controller. The idea behind this splitting of duties was to allow multiprocessor systems to be built more easily; a single MC88200 could support up to four MC88100s. However, this also meant that building the most basic system, with a single processor, required both chips and considerable wiring between them, driving up costs. This was likely to be another major reason for the 88000's limited success.

This was later addressed by the superscalar MC88110, which combined the CPU, FPU, MMU, and L1 cache into a single package. An additional modification, made at the behest of MIT's *T project, resulted in the MC88110MP, including on-chip communications for use in multi-processor systems.[9] A version capable of speeds up to 100 MHz was planned as the MC88120, but was never built.


... snip ...

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
multiprocessor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Date: 12 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.cnn.com/2023/03/10/investing/svb-bank
Silicon Valley Bank's decline stems partly from the Federal Reserve's aggressive interest rate hikes over the past year.

When interest rates were near zero, banks loaded up on long-dated, seemingly low-risk Treasuries. But as the Fed raises interest rates to fight inflation, the value of those assets has fallen, leaving banks sitting on unrealized losses.

Higher rates hit tech especially hard, undercutting the value of tech stocks and making it tough to raise funds, Moody's chief economist Mark Zandi said. That prompted many tech firms to draw down the deposits they held at SVB to fund their operations.


... snip ...

... some what similar; part of article from 21Jan1999, what happened in (1989) period of rising interest rates
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

Prior to 1989, institutions aggregated their assets and liabilities into generalized pools. Not much attention was paid to transaction level detail. The most common product and generalized pools were Adjustable Rate Mortgages (ARMS). Everyone assumed that an ARM was and ARM was an ARM. Not so when you consider there are hundreds, perhaps thousands of different ARM products all booked at various times with different coupons and varying teaser rates. All behaving in completely unpredictable, uncorrelated fashion depending on a specific interest rate scenario. To magnify the problem imagine a situation where the analysis superimposes instrument credit risk valuations along with interest rate risk valuations of the ARM as part of the analysis to fully dimension the transactional and overall institutional risk profile. Each individual ARM behaves differently in a particular interest rate scenario relative to its interest rate risk component and credit risk.

... and

Citicorp failed to recognize that a 2% rising rate phase would cause an 80% loss of core holding company earnings. If the cycle was to occur for an extended period Citicorp would fail. This discovery caused Citicorp to get out of the mortgage business in 1989. At the time the company was the largest player in the mortgage market. Coincidentally, Citicorp's stock traded at an all time low of $6.00/share and needed a private bailout to continue functioning as an entity.

... snip ...

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

also, Jan1999, I had been asked to help prevent the coming economic mess (we failed) ... economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

some old posts mentioning financial &/or banks and "risk management"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#65 Would the Basel Committee's announced enhancement of Basel II Framework and other steps have prevented the current global financial crisis had they been implemented years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#61 Is Basel 2 out...Basel 3 in?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#60 Seeking expert on credit card fraud prevention - particularly CNP/online transactions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#59 Information Security Vs. Businesss Resilience
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#57 Who do we have to blame for the mortgage crisis in America?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#46 The bond that fell to Earth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#66 2007: year in review
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#33 The bank fraud blame game
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#13 Is this Risk Management's Waterloo?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#11 Is this Risk Management's Waterloo?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#35 Failure of PKI in messaging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#28 WESII - Programme - Economics of Securing the Information Infrastructure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#15 Sarbanes-Oxley is what you get when you don't do FC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#14 Sarbanes-Oxley is what you get when you don't do FC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#29 DDA cards may address the UK Chip&Pin woes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#6 Securely handling credit card transactions earns Blackboard kudos
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#31 JIBC April 2006 - "Security Revisionism"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#27 Chip-and-Pin terminals were replaced by "repairworkers"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#1 RSA Adaptive Authentication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#46 the limits of crypto and authentication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#44 massive data theft at MasterCard processor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#25 Digital signatures have a big problem with meaning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#15 Loss Expectancy in NPV calculations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#7 The Digital Insider: Backdoor Trojans ... fyi
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#52 Committee calls for better e-banking security management
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#20 draft-ietf-pkix-warranty-ext-01
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#12 TOC for world bank e-security paper
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#11 Some security, fraud, attack, threat, references
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#40 ALARMED ... Only Mostly Dead ... RIP PKI ... part II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#21 IBM alternative to PKI?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#cfppki19 CFP: PKI research workshop
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm7.htm#rubberhose Rubber hose attack
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm7.htm#auth Who or what to authenticate?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#cstech13 cardtech/securetech & CA PKI
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#cstech4 cardtech/securetech & CA PKI
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#cstech3 cardtech/securetech & CA PKI
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#6 A Look into Banking Trends for 2003
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmore.htm#debitfraud Debit card fraud in Canada
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#x959risk2 Risk Management in AA / draft X9.59
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#x959risk1 Risk Management in AA / draft X9.59
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm The Thread Between Risk Management and Information Security

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Date: 12 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

lots more articles:

Silicon Valley Bank is shut down by regulators in biggest bank failure since global financial crisis
https://www.cnbc.com/2023/03/10/silicon-valley-bank-is-shut-down-by-regulators-fdic-to-protect-insured-deposits.html
Long Before Silicon Valley Bank's Collapse, Its CEO Helped Kill Tougher Oversight of Banks Like His
https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2023/03/silicon-valley-bank-greg-becker-dodd-frank/
Investor Mark Suster says a "handful" of bad actors in VC destroyed Silicon Valley Bank
https://techcrunch.com/2023/03/10/investor-mark-suster-says-a-handful-of-bad-actors-in-vc-destroyed-silicon-valley-bank/
One of Silicon Valley's top banks fails; assets are seized
https://apnews.com/article/svb-fed-bonds-rates-banks-inflation-a24b28b3caeede91c76cd120aa9b7966
Silicon Valley Bank seized by regulators after customer run
https://www.theregister.com/2023/03/10/svb_silvergate_banking_fdic/
Game Over: FDIC Shutters Silicon Valley Bank, Appoints Receiver
https://www.zerohedge.com/markets/silicon-valley-bank-crashes-65-halted-pending-news
Silicon Valley Bank Fails, With Deposits of Many Venture-Backed Companies Frozen. How Bad Will the Fallout Be?
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2023/03/silicon-valley-bank-fails-with-deposits-of-many-venture-backed-companies-frozen-how-bad-will-the-fallout-be.html
Silicon Valley Bank implodes, Apple launches a new music service, and ChatGPT goes enterprise
https://techcrunch.com/2023/03/11/silicon-valley-bank-implodes-apple-launches-a-new-music-service-and-chatgpt-goes-enterprise/
Silicon Valley Bank failure: Startups aren't the only ones panicking. Ask the toy store CAMP.
https://slate.com/business/2023/03/silicon-valley-bank-failure-camp-startups-fdic.html
3 Lessons From Silicon Valley Bank's Failure
https://www.nytimes.com/2023/03/11/technology/silicon-valley-bank-failure-lessons.html
Silicon Valley Bank halts trading pending an announcement
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-11844515/Silicon-Valley-Bank-halts-trading-pending-announcement.html
A 10-step playbook for founders with Silicon Valley Bank accounts
https://techcrunch.com/2023/03/11/a-10-step-playbook-for-founders-with-silicon-valley-bank-accounts/
How founders are reacting to Silicon Valley Bank's collapse
https://techcrunch.com/2023/03/10/silicon-valley-bank-founders-reactions/
Most of Silicon Valley Bank's Deposits Were Uninsured
https://time.com/6262009/silicon-valley-bank-deposit-insurance/
Roku says 26% cash reserves stuck in Silicon Valley Bank
https://www.cnbc.com/2023/03/10/roku-says-26percent-cash-reserves-stuck-in-silicon-valley-bank.html
Scrutiny Falls on Circle's USDC Stablecoin Cash Reserves at Failed Silicon Valley Bank
https://www.coindesk.com/markets/2023/03/10/scrutiny-falls-on-43b-usdc-stablecoins-cash-reserves-at-failed-silicon-valley-bank/
Silicon Valley Bank branch calls NYPD on tech investors after they tried to pull out cash
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-11845495/Silicon-Valley-Bank-branch-calls-NYPD-tech-investors-tried-pull-cash.html
Silicon Valley Bank collapse is impacting many Indian startups
https://techcrunch.com/2023/03/11/silicon-valley-bank-collapse-is-impacting-many-indian-startups/
Silicon Valley Bank Fails After Run on Deposits
https://www.nytimes.com/2023/03/10/business/silicon-valley-bank-stock.html
Silicon Valley Bank goes bust -- regulators take control of $175B+ in deposits
https://techcrunch.com/2023/03/10/daily-crunch-silicon-valley-bank-goes-bust-regulators-take-control-of-175b-in-deposits/
Silicon Valley Bank shutdown sends shockwaves through US start-up community
https://www.straitstimes.com/business/silicon-valley-bank-shutdown-sends-shockwaves-through-startup-community
Silicon Valley Bank Will Not Be Bailed Out: Yellen
https://time.com/6262143/silicon-valley-bank-bailout-yellen/
SVB's debacle is causing panic in China's startup industry
https://techcrunch.com/2023/03/10/silicon-valley-banks-debacle-panics-chinas-tech-industry/
The Demise of Silicon Valley Bank
https://www.netinterest.co/p/the-demise-of-silicon-valley-bank
Uncertainty stands around multibillion USDC empire as issuer Circle held reserves at Silicon Valley Bank
https://techcrunch.com/2023/03/10/uncertainty-stands-around-multi-billion-usdc-empire-as-issuer-circle-held-reserves-at-silicon-valley-bank/
US closes Silicon Valley Bank in biggest collapse since 2008
https://techxplore.com/news/2023-03-silicon-valley-bank-biggest-collapse.html
US gov't trying to help Silicon Valley Bank depositors but dismisses bailout
https://techcrunch.com/2023/03/12/yellen-says-govt-concerned-about-silicon-valley-bank-depositors-but-dismisses-bailout/
USD Coin value falls after revealing $3.3bn held at Silicon Valley Bank
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2023/mar/11/usd-coin-depeg-silicon-valley-bank-collapse
We're only beginning to see the impact of Silicon Valley Bank's implosion
https://techcrunch.com/2023/03/12/fintech-interchange-svb-implosion-impact/
What's Going on With Silicon Valley Bank?
https://www.wsj.com/articles/silicon-valley-bank-svb-financial-what-is-happening-299e9b65
No Federal Bailout for SVB, Says US. Bank Had Weakened Regulations, Paid Bonuses
https://news.slashdot.org/story/23/03/12/1757228/no-federal-bailout-for-svb-says-us-bank-had-weakened-regulations-paid-bonuses
Why Silicon Valley Bank was so important to UK tech sector
https://www.theguardian.com/business/2023/mar/12/why-silicon-valley-bank-was-so-important-to-uk-tech-sector
Silicon Valley Bank Used Former McCarthy Staffers to Weaken Regulations, Lobby FDIC
https://theintercept.com/2023/03/11/silicon-valley-bank-used-former-mccarthy-staffers-to-weaken-regulations-lobby-fdic/
Yellen: No federal bailout for collapsed Silicon Valley Bank
https://apnews.com/article/silicon-valley-bank-bailout-yellen-deposits-failure-94f2185742981daf337c4691bbb9ec1e
FDIC auction for SVB assets said to be underway
https://techcrunch.com/2023/03/12/fdic-auction-silicon-valley-bank-svb/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Date: 12 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#30 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

economic mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

"moral hazard" also in the 2001-2008 economic mess, not holding those responsible, accountable; the gamblers keep the winnings and the public pay for the lossees

In abrupt reversal, regulators to cover Silicon Valley Bank, Signature Bank uninsured deposits
https://www.americanbanker.com/news/regulators-to-cover-svb-sbny-uninsured-deposits
US Officials Make Non-Bailout Bailout of Silicon Valley and Signature Bank and Continue Class Warfare
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2023/03/us-officials-make-non-bailout-bailout-of-silicon-valley-and-signature-bank-and-continue-class-warfare.html
SVB Collapse: 'Big Short' Burry Accuses Regulators of Rewarding 'Greed'
https://www.thestreet.com/technology/svb-collapse-big-short-burry-accuses-regulators-of-rewarding-greed
First Republic Gets Additional Funding From Fed, JPMorgan
https://www.wsj.com/articles/first-republic-gets-additional-funding-from-fed-jpmorgan-d11e68ca
20 banks that are sitting on huge potential securities losses
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/20-banks-that-are-sitting-on-huge-potential-securities-lossesas-was-svb-c4bbcafa
SIVB: Held-to-Mortem Governance
https://nongaap.substack.com/p/sivb-held-to-mortem-governance
Silicon Valley Bank profit squeeze in tech dip attracts short sellers
https://financialpost.com/fp-finance/banking/silicon-valley-bank-profit-squeeze-tech-downturn-short-sellers
Regulators Face Urgent Task to Stem Spread From Silicon Valley Bank
https://www.wsj.com/articles/silicon-valley-bank-fallout-poses-new-risks-for-markets-fed-81d1617a
SVB's Lobby Groups Fought Proposal To Bolster Deposit Insurance
https://www.levernews.com/svbs-lobby-groups-fought-proposal-to-bolster-deposit-insurance/
Billions worth of crypto trades at risk as US bank shutdowns take toll
https://www.straitstimes.com/business/billions-worth-of-crypto-trades-at-risk-as-us-bank-shutdowns-take-toll
Crypto's On-Ramp Ran Right Into SVB's Brick Wall
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2023/03/12/svb-s-demise-crypto-s-tradfi-on-ramp-runs-into-a-defi-wall/c576d086-c11b-11ed-82a7-6a87555c1878_story.html

"moral hazard" with the economic mess (after turn of century) starting back with at least, the S&L crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#7 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#69 Feds Debt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#55 Pareto efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#54 Pareto efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#39 Trump to sign cyber security order
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#81 Now the DOJ Admits They Got it Wrong
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#80 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#153 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#28 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#3 General Mills computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#18 computer bootlaces
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#66 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#69 Another quiet week in finance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#67 dollar coins
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#64 independent appraisers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bimodal Distribution

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bimodal Distribution
Date: 13 Mar, 2023
Blog: Linkedin
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#109 Bimodal Distribution
other refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#5 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#43 All is Lost At IBM

Multi-modal optimization, old post from 7yrs ago:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler

El-Erian is discussing bimodal distribution. The Only Game in Town: Central Banks, Instability, and Avoiding the Next Collapse
http://www.amazon.com/Only-Game-Town-Instability-Avoiding-ebook/dp/B0165I3V4C/
loc3334-36:

Remember the dominance of IBM on the eve of the personal computer (PC) revolution. The company had by far the most powerful brand in technology. Each year it deployed a large R&D budget. And it was profitable. By these metrics, it was in a very strong position to dominate the PC revolution.

loc3336-39:

Research shows that IBM executives were aware of the "disruptive technology" aspect of the PC. They discussed the issues involved, recognizing the potential for a bimodal outcome for mainframe customers, their bread-and-butter clientele. Some would be lost permanently to the PC while others would be interested in mainframe upgrades to support new requirements.

loc3340-41:

But when it came to implementation, IBM appeared to fall into the "active inertia" trap. Rather than pivot decisively to the new approach, they allowed their much more familiar historical behavior to overinfluence their future actions.

... snip ...

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opens the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything crossing the datacenter walls, and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base). The disk division was starting to see data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to reverse the process, but were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

Trivia: The science center had developed a lot of performance technologies, monitoring, simulation, analytical modeling, workload&system profiling (evolves into capacity planning), etc. One of the APL-based analytical models was enhanced and offered on the world-wide online sales&marketing support system HONE as Performance Predictor, sales support could enter workload&system profiles and ask change "what-if" questions. I had done dynamic adaptive resource management as undergraudate in the 60s, which was picked up and shipped in CP67. In the morph from CP67 to VM370 there was a lot of simplification and many features were dropped. During the FS period I continued to work on 360/370 stuff (even periodically ridiculing FS activity). VM370 customers were lobbying for re-introduction of my dynamic adaptive resource management and the with the implosion of FS and the mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, contributed to decision to (re-)release my "Resource Manager".

I had also developed some automated benchmarking tools that could vary workload & configuration. As part of the release of the "Resource Manager", 2000 automated benchmarks were run that took 3months elapsed time. The first 1000 benchmarks were selected to methodically cover possible workload and configuration profiles. The last 1000 benchmarks workload&configuration profiles was selected by a modified version of the Performance Predictor which was fed results of all previous benchmarks. It would select workload/configuration, predict the results and then compare the benchmark results with the predicted. It would also search for optimal workload+configurations doing "hill climbing" searching for maximums and also attempting to differentiate from "local" maximums verses "real" maximums. This assumes that there might be an arbitrary number of optimal maximum solutions somewhat analogy to multi-modal (not just bimodal) distribution.

posts referencing communication group going to be responsible for demise of disk division
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
resource manager posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
benchmarking posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#benchmark

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

recent linkedin posts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-6-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-7-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-redrive-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm4341-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Date: 13 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#30 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#31 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Paul Krugman says Silicon Valley Bank 'was a kind of affinity fraud a la Madoff' because it sold itself on false pretenses
https://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/svb-silicon-valley-bank-collapse-bernie-madoff-fraud-paul-krugman-2023-3

Krugman was referencing Bernie Madoff, the widely-respected financier who pulled off the largest Ponzi scheme in history when he managed to convince investors to hand over billions of dollars of their savings by falsely promising them high returns.

... snip ...

.. note that the Madoff congressional hearings had testimony by the person trying unsuccessffuly for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (claims were that SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in, supposedly he was looking for gov. protection from some organizations that he had defrauded).

madoff posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
risk, fraud, exploits, threats, vulnerability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud
regulatory capture posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online Terminals

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online Terminals
Date: 13 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
the claim has been the token-ring CAT4 (twisted-pair) was to solve the problem with cable trays starting to exceed bldg weight limits ... individual coax cables from datacenter to every terminal. There would be CAT4 from terminal to MAU in local wiring closet ... with then single CAT4 to datacenter (or possibly another MAU in an hierarchy) ... but then CAT4 ethernet started to appear.

New Almaden Research Center was heavily provisioned with CAT4 supposedly for 16mbit token-ring ... however they found 10mbit (CAT4) ethernet had higher aggregate lan bandwidth and lower latency than 16mbit token-ring ... and $69 10mbit (CAT4) ethernet cards had much higher throughput than (performance kneecapped) $800 16mbit token-ring cards.

wylbur trivia: IBM had sold 360/67 (w/virtual memory) to lots of univ. and other institutions, supposedly for tss/360 ... but tss/360 never came to production fruition ... so lots of places ran it as 360/65 with (batch) os/360. Univ. of Michigan and Stanford wrote their own (terminal/interactive) virtual memory operating systems for 360/67 ... some UofM: MTS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michigan_Terminal_System
mentions MTS using PDP8 programed to emulate mainframe terminal controller
https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
and Stanford: Orvyl/Wylbur (a flavor which was also made available on IBM batch operating systems).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ORVYL_and_WYLBUR

Besides Univ of Michigan did MTS and Stanford did Orvyl (and Wylbur editor), the IBM science center doing CP67/CMS for 360/67 (as tss/360 alternative, precursor to vm/370)
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda#VMHist
note in Aug1976, TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
provided their cms-based online computer conferencing system "free" to the (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
as VMSHARE ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

TYMSHARE folklore ... TYMSHARE executive was told that increasing number of customers were playing games and he directed that TYMSHARE was targeted at business customers and all games had to be removed. He changed his mind when told that game playing had grown to 1/3rd of their revenue.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
posts mentioning doing clone terminal controller with interdata/3, later upgraded to interdata/4 for the mainframe channel interface and clusters of interdata/3s for ports/lines.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm
other terminal posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
commercial online timeshare posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Computer Coding Was a 'Woman's' Job

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: When Computer Coding Was a 'Woman's' Job
Date: 14 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
When Computer Coding Was a 'Woman's' Job
https://www.history.com/news/coding-used-to-be-a-womans-job-so-it-was-paid-less-and-undervalued

Ann Hardy
https://medium.com/chmcore/someone-elses-computer-the-prehistory-of-cloud-computing-bca25645f89
Ann Hardy is a crucial figure in the story of Tymshare and time-sharing. She began programming in the 1950s, developing software for the IBM Stretch supercomputer. Frustrated at the lack of opportunity and pay inequality for women at IBM -- at one point she discovered she was paid less than half of what the lowest-paid man reporting to her was paid -- Hardy left to study at the University of California, Berkeley, and then joined the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 1962. At the lab, one of her projects involved an early and surprisingly successful time-sharing operating system.

... snip ...

If Discrimination, Then Branch: Ann Hardy's Contributions to Computing
https://computerhistory.org/blog/if-discrimination-then-branch-ann-hardy-s-contributions-to-computing/

Much more Ann Hardy at Computer History Museum
https://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102717167
Ann rose up to become Vice President of the Integrated Systems Division at Tymshare, from 1976 to 1984, which did online airline reservations, home banking, and other applications. When Tymshare was acquired by McDonnell-Douglas in 1984, Ann's position as a female VP became untenable, and was eased out of the company by being encouraged to spin out Gnosis, a secure, capabilities-based operating system developed at Tymshare. Ann founded Key Logic, with funding from Gene Amdahl, which produced KeyKOS, based on Gnosis, for IBM and Amdahl mainframes. After closing Key Logic, Ann became a consultant, leading to her cofounding Agorics with members of Ted Nelson's Xanadu project.

... snip ...

Gnosis/KeyKOS trivia: I was brought in to review Gnosis as part of the spinoff to Key Logic.

the bureaucrats, careerists (& MBAs) didn't just pick on women ... but everybody that didn't go along with "old boys" network. Fairly quickly after joining IBM was one of the many times being told I had no career, no promotions, no raises. long-winded post starting with Learson trying to block the bureaucrats, careerists (& MBAs) destroying the Watsons' legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
and
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/


https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/

A decade or so later, wrote speakup about my salary ... got a written response from head of HR saying that after detailed review of my entire career, I was being paid exactly what I was supposed to be. I then wrote reply with copy of the original and HR's response ... pointing out I was being asked to interview upcoming graduates who would be working in a new group under my (technical) direction ... who were being made offers that were 1/3rd more than I was making. Never got a written response. One of the many times, co-workers would remind me that business ethics was an oxymoron in IBM (catching bureaucrats & "old boys" prevarication/fabrication)

some archived posts mentioning Ann Hardy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#60 Fortran
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#92 TYMSHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#92 Cobol and Jean Sammet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#0 Women in Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#71 book review: Broad Band: The Untold Story of the Women Who Made the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#98 CMSBACK, ADSM, TSM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#27 Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing

archived posts referencing downfall, breakup, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
and
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler

and archived posts specifically mentioning
business ethics was oxymoron in IBM

https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#59 IBM CEO: Only 60% of office workers will ever return full-time
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#35 IBM Business Conduct Guidelines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#95 IBM Salary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#27 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#125 IBM Clone Controllers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#39 IBM Registered Confidential
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#82 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#61 IBM Starting Salary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#42 IBM Token-Ring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#15 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#86 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#42 IBM Suggestion Program
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#41 Teaching IBM Class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#12 IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#83 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#82 Kinder/Gentler IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#96 IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#13 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#9 Terminology - Datasets
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#78 IBM Disk Engineering
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#47 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#65 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#44 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#0 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#20 Would you fight?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#38 Happy DEC-10 Day
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#50 "Portable" data centers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#57 U.S. begins inquiry of IBM in mainframe market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#52 Revisiting CHARACTER and BUSINESS ETHICS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#36 U.S. students behind in math, science, analysis says
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#37 How do you see ethics playing a role in your organizations current or past?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#53 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#72 IBM Unionization

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Date: 15 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#30 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#31 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#33 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

well ... part of the issue was just four largest TBTF were carrying $5.2T off-book, toxic assets, end of 2008 ... the $700B in TARP funds for toxic asset purchase couldn't dent the problem. They came up with other ways to use the money and it was left to the Federal Reserve to do the real bailout. The FED fought long hard legal battle to prevent disclosure of what is really going on (with tens of trillions in ZIRP funds and buying off-book, toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar). Shortly after disclosure, Bernanke holds press conference and says that he had expected that the TBTF would use the tens of trillions to help mainstreet, but when they didn't he had no way to force them. Supposedly Bernanke was selected in part because he was a depression era scholar, however the FED had tried the same thing then with the same results, so Bernanke shouldn't really expected anything different this time.

Jan1999, I was asked to help stop the coming economic mess (we failed) ... including improving integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents. They then find that they can pay rating agencies for triple-A rating (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearing), enabling no-document, liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A, and able to sell over $27T into the bond market 2001-2008. Then they found that they could design securitized mortgages to fail and take out CDS gambling bets. AIG was holding the largest amount of bets and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when SECTREAS steps in, has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the bets and take TARP funds to pay off bets at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs was firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

... and mentioned at the start of post .... in 1989, citicorp did the analysis of the effect of rising rates on their portfolio, which could take down the instition ... so regulators have known about that problem at SVB for at least past 30+yrs.

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
FEDRES posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic cdo posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
zirp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
regulatory capture posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Architects of the Iraq War: Where Are They Now? They're all doing great, thanks for asking

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Architects of the Iraq War: Where Are They Now? They're all doing great, thanks for asking
Date: 16 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
The Architects of the Iraq War: Where Are They Now? They're all doing great, thanks for asking.
https://theintercept.com/2023/03/15/iraq-war-where-are-they-now/

"Trauma Never Goes Away": As America Forgets, Iraq War Stays With U.S. Veterans. Twenty years after the invasion, veterans struggle to reconcile their sacrifices with the unhappy outcome and the false narratives that started the war.
https://theintercept.com/2023/03/16/iraq-war-veterans/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
WMDs posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
team-b posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

... Boyd quote
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"

... snip ...

Boyd posts and web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

... one thing to remember about U2 flts ... it debunked the USAF claims about "bomber gap" with Soviets (attempting to justify a 30% increase in DOD spending) ... likely contributing to warnings about the military-industrial(-congressional) complex in Eisenhower's goodby speech.
https://www.archives.gov/milestone-documents/president-dwight-d-eisenhowers-farewell-address

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Date: 16 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#30 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#31 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#33 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#36 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

... there was joke during the economic mess (2001-2008) that the dept of treasury was GS's branch office in DC.

The roles Goldman Sachs played in the final days of Silicon Valley Bank. A new filing shows Goldman Sachs purchased securities from Silicon Valley Bank last week while also raising capital
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/the-roles-goldman-sachs-played-in-the-final-days-of-silicon-valley-bank-000951274.html
Goldman Sachs Eyes a Big Payout From Silicon Valley Bank Deal. The Wall Street giant is likely to be paid more than $100 million for its role in a bond purchase that ultimately failed to save the California bank from collapse.
https://www.nytimes.com/2023/03/15/business/dealbook/goldman-sachs-silicon-valley-bank-fee.html

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Date: 16 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#30 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#31 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#33 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#36 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#38 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

posts mentioning Elizabeth Warren and work on TARP (toxic asset relief/repurchase program)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#13 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#12 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#77 Nassim Nicholas Taleb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#131 Memo To WSJ: The CRomnibus Abomination Was Not "A Rare Bipartisan Success"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#2 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#66 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#23 Happy DEC-10 Day

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
toxic CDO posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
zirp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
percora hearings an/or glass-steagall posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

recent news articls

Silicon Valley Bnk: Elizabeth Warren criticizes Fed Chair Powell
https://www.cnbc.com/2023/03/14/silicon-valley-bank-elizabeth-warren-criticizes-fed-chair-powell.html
SVB collapse: Warren and Porter unveil bill to repeal Trump bank law
https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/congress/svb-collapse-warren-porter-unveil-bill-repeal-trump-bank-law-rcna74785
Warren Scoffs at Idea That Banks Can Test Their Own Limits
https://www.businessinsider.com/elizabeth-warren-banks-svb-silicon-valley-bank-bernie-sanders-trump-2023-3
Warren blames anti-regulation lobbying for SVB collapse
https://fortune.com/2023/03/13/elizabeth-warren-silicon-valley-bank-dodd-frank-rollback-regulation/
Elizabeth Warren Slams Jerome Powell for Weak Regulation, Oversight of SVB
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2023-03-16/warren-excoriates-powell-for-weak-regulation-oversight-of-svb
Elizabeth Warren says Republicans handed Fed chairman 'flamethrower that he aimed at the banking rules'
https://news.yahoo.com/elizabeth-warren-says-republicans-handed-194258109.html
Elizabeth Warren in letter to Signature Bank seeks answers for 'disastrous' collapse
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/elizabeth-warren-in-letter-to-signature-bank-seeks-answers-for-disastrous-collapse-110000202.html
Elizabeth Warren wrote a scathing letter to Silicon Valley Bank's CEO. Read it here.
https://www.bostonglobe.com/2023/03/14/metro/elizabeth-warren-letter-to-svb-ceo/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Date: 17 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#30 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#31 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#33 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#36 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#38 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#39 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Fed Blocked Mention of Regulatory Flaws in Silicon Valley Bank Rescue. Federal government officials wanted a joint statement to include a reference to regulatory shortcomings that they believe helped lead to the bank's demise.
https://web.archive.org/web/20230317020442/https://www.nytimes.com/2023/03/16/business/fed-regulation-svb.html/

... seeing more URLs that are using the wayback machine recent archive

Understanding the Silicon Valley Bank Run. Damon Silvers, deputy chair of the Congressional Oversight Panel for the 2008 bank bailout, explains how deregulation paved the way for SVB's collapse.
https://theintercept.com/2023/03/17/deconstructed-silicon-valley-bank/
This week on Deconstructed, Grim is joined by Damon Silvers, who has been involved in trying to prevent financial fraud and crisis for more than 20 years. He was the deputy chair of the Congressional Oversight Panel for the Troubled Asset Relief Program, the 2008 bank bailout, and was formerly the policy director of the AFL-CIO.

... snip ...

... "more than 20 years" ... trivia: Jan1999, I was asked to try and help stop the coming economic mess (we failed) ... 24yrs ago

FEDRES posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
regulatory capture posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
risk, fraud, exploits, threats, vulnerability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud
whistleblower posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

Why Didn't Regulators See Silicon Valley Bank's Collapse Coming? "This is not rocket science. This is Banking 101."
https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2023/03/silicon-valley-bank-collapse-banking-system-fdic-federal-reserve/

"The vulnerability existed two years ago, three years ago, so I'm just stunned that financial supervisors and regulators didn't induce the bank to hedge its interest rate risk. This is not rocket science. This is Banking 101."

... snip ...

NYFED oversight of TBTF, including FED examiners onsight during economic mess and examiners getting removed when they raised red flags.
https://www.amazon.com/Noncompliant-Whistleblower-Exposes-Giants-Street-ebook/dp/B079L5MMSP/

specific posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#83 Firefighting: The Financial Crisis and Its Lessons
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#6 These Four Predicted The Global Financial Crisis; Here's What They Think Causes The Next One
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#3 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#110 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#65 Economic Mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#47 rationality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#44 rationality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#25 Hillary Clinton's Glass-Steagall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#24 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#46 not even sort of about The 2010 Census
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#4 LPARs: More or Less?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#36 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sunset IBM JES3

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Sunset IBM JES3
Date: 17 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
decade+ ago was asked to track down decision to add virtual memory to all 370s (basically MVT storage management was so bad that regions had to be specified four times larger than used, as result 1mbyte 370/165 typically could only run four regions concurrently, insufficient to keep machine busy and justified). Initially going to VS2/SVS (similar to running MVT in 16mbyte cp67 virtual machine), allowed number of regions to be increased by four times with little or no paging. Old archive post with pieces of email exchange including about spooling and HASP->JES2 and ASP->JES3 history.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

... other trivia: my wife did stint in the gburg JES group (reporting to "crabby") ... one of catchers for JES3 and co-author of JESUS (JES Unified System), all the features of the systems, the respective customers couldn't live w/o (for whatever reason, it never came to fruition).

HASP, ASP, JES2, JES3, nji/nje posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

some other specific posts also mentioning "JESUS"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#65 7090/7044 Direct Couple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#74 IBM/PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#59 The Man That Helped Change IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#51 IBM Spooling
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#119 IBM Acronyms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#26 direct couple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#42 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#28 CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#2 Frank Heart Dies at 89
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#13 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#13 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#28 Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#33 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#85 Honeywell 200
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#54 Compile error
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#86 Old HASP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#112 JES2 as primary with JES3 as a secondary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#134 A System 360 question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#19 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#95 Access to IBM Z/OS z/VM Documentation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#22 Rejoice! z/OS 2.1 addresses some long term JCL complaints from here:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#83 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#74 Multiple Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#42 Which non-IBM software products (from ISVs) have been most significant to the mainframe's success?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#3 JES2 vs. JES3

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Date: 18 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#30 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#31 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#33 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#36 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#38 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#39 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#40 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

The SVB debacle has exposed the hypocrisy of Silicon Valley. US tech innovators have a culture of regarding government as an innovation-blocking nuisance. But when Silicon Valley Bank collapsed, investors screamed for state protection
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2023/mar/18/the-svb-debacle-has-exposed-the-hypocrisy-of-silicon-valley-bank

So SVB was awash with money. But, as programmers say, that was a bug not a feature. Traditionally, as Bloomberg's Matt Levine points out, "the way a bank works is that it takes deposits from people who have money, and makes loans to people who need money". SVB's problem was that mostly its customers didn't need loans. So the bank had all this customer cash and needed to do something with it. Its solution was not to give loans to risky corporate borrowers, but to buy long-dated, ostensibly safe securities like Treasury bonds. So 75% of SVB's debt portfolio - nominally worth $95bn (GBP80bn) - was in those "held to maturity" assets. On average, other banks with at least $1bn in assets classified only 6% of their debt in this category at the end of 2022.

... snip ...

... aka in 1989, similar citibank analysis, showed rising interest rates could take down the institution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htmlriskm

also, Jan1999, I had been asked to help prevent the coming economic mess (we failed) ... economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
risk, fraud, exploits, threats, vulnerability
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Date: 18 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#30 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#31 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#33 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#36 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#38 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#39 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#40 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#42 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

This is Fascism, SVB Bailout Edition
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/03/17/this-is-fascism-svb-bailout-edition/
So, on the one hand, there was a bank (SVB) whose liabilities exceeded its (the bank's) value that needed to be resolved. On the other hand, there were questions of the role of the banking 'system' economically, as well as the broader role of Wall Street, in American imperialism. Prior to 2008 - 2009 there was a long history of bank crises, as well as a set of rules for determining which banks were viable and which weren't. In 2009, the Obama administration threw this history, and the rules that had previously led to successful resolution of bank crises, in the trash.

... snip ...

... "Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.

... snip ...

also has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

EHM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
regulatory capture posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
federal reserve posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
zirp postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

other economic hit-man posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#17 Gangsters of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#41 Wall Street's Plot to Seize the White House
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#88 How the Ukraine War - and COVID-19 - is Affecting Inflation and Supply Chains
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#71 MI6 boss warns of China 'debt traps and data traps'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#21 Obama's Failure to Adequately Respond to the 2008 Crisis Still Haunts American Politics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#97 The End of World Bank's "Doing Business Report": A Landmark Victory for People & Planet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#29 More than a Decade After the Volcker Rule Purported to Outlaw It, JPMorgan Chase Still Owns a Hedge Fund
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#34 Obama Was Always in Wall Street's Corner
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#26 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#97 How capitalism is reshaping cities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#71 Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#38 World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#40 When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#25 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 370

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 370
Date: 18 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#0 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#3 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#4 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#5 IBM 370

CP67 (precursor to VM370) had a virtual machine "feature" IPL-by-name ... originally for CMS ... aka, ipl (into virtual machine) until stopping point and then "savesys", saving virtual memory pages to page/spool system. "IPL-by-name" would then restore the saved pages to virtual memory. Fairly early on ... then a flavor was done for OS/360 ... saved image of systems like MVT ... that could then be IPL'ed "by name".

see other comment/reply in this thread about decision to add virtual memory to all 370s with ref:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

note initial VS2 was little different than running MVT in a CP67 16mbyte virtual machine. Biggest code hit was to EXCP/SVC0 which had same problem as CP67, all passed channel programs had virtual addresses, had to make a copy of the channel program with real addresses (replacing virtual). This was initially done borrowing the CP67 routine CCWTRANS and grafting it into EXCP/SVC0

Melinda's virtual memory, 360/67, CP67, VM370 history
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda#VMHist

science center posts (virtual machine, internal network, online apps, inventing GML, performance&capcity planning, etc)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

other recent posts mentioning grafting CCWTRANS into EXCP/SVC0
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#50 370 Virtual Memory Decision
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#115 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#22 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#41 MVS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#7 Vintage Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#91 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#93 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#55 CMS OS/360 Simulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#92 Computer BUNCH
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#58 Computer Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#10 360/65, 360/67, 360/75

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Saddam was terrible but we had security': the Iraq war 20 years on

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 'Saddam was terrible but we had security': the Iraq war 20 years on
Date: 18 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
recent IRAQ
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#8 The Iraq War was dominated by groupthink and absolutely no humility
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#37 The Architects of the Iraq War: Where Are They Now? They're all doing great, thanks for asking

'Saddam was terrible but we had security': the Iraq war 20 years on. After the dictator's toppling in 2003, the country fell into factionalism, corruption and brutal killings. Iraqis tell Catherine Philp whether they believe their hopes of a more democratic future can still be fulfilled
https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/3e9c7f7e-c4cd-11ed-a840-1fe543b495e2

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

... roll forward ... Bush2 is president and presides over the huge cut in taxes, huge increase in spending, explosion in debt, the economic mess (70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis) and the forever wars, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the Team B members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.

... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.

... snip ...

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

The Deep State (US administration behind formation of ISIS)
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:
In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming administration choose personnel

pg191/loc3057-58:
In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second,

pg191/loc3060-62:
Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.

... snip ...

... including kicked hundreds of thousands of former soldiers out on the streets creating ISIS ... and bypassing the ammo dumps (looking for fictitious/fabricated WMDs) gave them over a million metric tons (for IEDs).

"Team-B" posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

Posts referencing "Churchill explains the mess in Middle East" and the (US led) "1953 Iran Coup"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#10 History Is Un-American. Real Americans Create Their Own Futures
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#123 Wars and More Wars: The Sorry U.S. History in the Middle East
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#107 Price Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#113 The United States Of America: Victims Of Its Own Disinformation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#14 U.S. Special Forces School Publishes New Guide for Overthrowing Foreign Governments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#88 Trump administration appointee quits lobbying for Saudi Arabia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#19 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#99 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#10 Fears of an Aggressive Iran Are Far Older Than the Islamic Republic Is
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#104 Iran shrink-wrapped $100 Payments
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#90 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#59 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#105 CIA Caught Between Operational Security and Analytical Quality In 1953 Iran Coup Planning
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#16 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#104 Iraq, Longest War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#99 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#97 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#72 A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#20 Jeff Sessions set to show his steel on white-collar crime
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#21 US and UK have staged coups before
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
Date: 20 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#30 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#31 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#33 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#36 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#38 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#39 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#40 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#42 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#43 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

The Next Bomb to Go Off in the Banking Crisis Will Be Derivatives
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/03/20/he-next-bomb-to-go-off-in-the-banking-crisis-will-be-derivatives/
U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen finds herself in a very dubious position. Under the Dodd-Frank financial reform legislation of 2010, the U.S. Treasury Secretary was given increased powers to oversee financial stability in the U.S. banking system. This increase in power came in response to the 2008 financial crisis - the worst financial collapse since the Great Depression. The legislation made the Treasury Secretary the Chair of the newly created Financial Stability Oversight Council (F-SOC), whose meetings include the heads of all of the federal agencies that supervise banks and trading on Wall Street. The legislation also required the Treasury Secretary's authorization before the Federal Reserve could create any more of those $29 trillion emergency bailout programs for the mega banks - which had tethered themselves to casino trading on Wall Street since the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act in 1999.

... snip ...

Before Collapse of Silicon Valley Bank, the Fed Spotted Big Problems. The bank was using an incorrect model as it assessed its own risks amid rising interest rates, and spent much of 2022 under a supervisory review.
https://www.nytimes.com/2023/03/19/business/economy/fed-silicon-valley-bank.html
But the bank did not fix its vulnerabilities. By July 2022, Silicon Valley Bank was in a full supervisory review -- getting a more careful look -- and was ultimately rated deficient for governance and controls. It was placed under a set of restrictions that prevented it from growing through acquisitions. Last autumn, staff members from the San Francisco Fed met with senior leaders at the firm to talk about their ability to gain access to enough cash in a crisis and possible exposure to losses as interest rates rose.

... snip ...

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Fed Chairman (inluding Yellen) and/or Fed Reserve posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
Pecora &/or Glass-Steagall posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
ZIRP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

older archived posts mentioning Dodd-Frank
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#45 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#73 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#71 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#48 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#56 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#12 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#86 CISPA legislation seen by many as SOPA 2.0
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#43 I don't work for IBM and I don't make promises I can't deliver on
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#48 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#86 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Wild Ducks

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Wild Ducks
Date: 21 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
periodic reposted linkedin .... Learson trying to block bureaucrats, careerists (and MBAs) destroying Watson legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

.... more with little about Austin, Nothing Changes, If Nothing Changes
https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:7033145095872794624

some specific posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#103 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#104 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#2 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#32 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#60 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#3 IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#51 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#52 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#60 Boyd & IBM "Wild Duck" Discussion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#110 If Nothing Changes, Nothing Changes

"wild duck" references along with ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

also
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#wildducks
How to Stuff a Wild Duck

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Massive Archive of Iraq War Lies Disappeared from "Center for Public Integrity"

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Massive Archive of Iraq War Lies Disappeared from "Center for Public Integrity"
Date: 22 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Massive Archive of Iraq War Lies Disappeared from "Center for Public Integrity". "OOPS! That Page Can't Be Found."
https://censorednews.substack.com/p/massive-archive-of-iraq-war-lies
The George W. Bush administration's lies, that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction and links to the 9/11 terrorists, led to the needless deaths of up to a million people. Remembering the details of this deadly deception is crucial to prevent such tragedies from repeating. Unfortunately, the largest public archive of the Bush administration's false statements leading up to the Iraq War has disappeared. "OOPS!"

... snip ...

WMDs posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

a few archived posts mentioning bush/cheney/rumsfeld, Iraq, "center for public integrity"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#78 New hard drive
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CP67 "IPL-by-name"

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CP67 "IPL-by-name"
Date: 22 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#44 IBM 370

other posts mentioning "IPL-by-name" and/or (VM370) DMKSNT
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#25 rather far from Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#43 Regarding Time Sharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#50 SIE - CompArch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#33 TINC?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#14 HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#20 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#19 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#74 shared code, was Speed of Old Hard Disks - adcons
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#28 Personal histories and IBM computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#21 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#20 Old EMAIL Index
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#77 More named/shared systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#76 CMS IPL (& other misc)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#73 DCSS ... when shared segments were implemented in VM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#67 DCSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#2 Anyone know much about z/VM?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#36 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#13 VM maclib reference
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#54 Q ALLOC PAGE vs. CP Q ALLOC vs ESAMAP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#11 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#11 Whatever happened to IBM's VM PC software?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#42 misc. dmksnt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#27 SYSPROF and the 190 disk
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#32 Alpha performance, why?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#12 Resolved: There Are No Programs With >32 Bits of Text
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#1 Linux paging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#65 The problem with installable operating systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#55 The problem with installable operating systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#75 Mainframe operating systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#149 OS/360 (and descendants) VM system?

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
cms page mapped filesystem posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ethernet (& CAT5)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ethernet (& CAT5)
Date: 22 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
A coworker at SJR left IBM and was doing lots of contracting work in silicon valley ... lots of work on HSPICE (fortran chip design) and datacenter support work for senior engineering VP at large VLSI shop. He had reworked AT&T C to 370 with lots of fixes and 370 code optimization ... and then ported the BSD chip tools to 370. One day the IBM marketing rep came in and asked him what he was doing. He said implementing ethernet support so could use SGI graphical workstations as front-ends to the 370s. The marketing rep told him he should be doing token-ring support instead or otherwise the customer might find service won't be as timely as it has been. I almost immediately get an hour phone call loaded with 4-letter words. The next morning the senior engineering VP has press conference and says they are moving everything off 370s to SUN servers. IBM then has bunch of task force analysis to look at why silicon valley wasn't using 370 mainframes (but weren't allowed to consider what the marketing rep had done).

New Almaden Research Center was heavily provisioned with CAT4 supposedly for 16mbit token-ring ... however they found 10mbit (CAT4) ethernet had higher aggregate lan bandwidth and lower latency than 16mbit token-ring ... and $69 10mbit (CAT4) ethernet cards had much higher throughput than (performance kneecapped) $800 16mbit token-ring cards.

IBM Dallas E&S center produced analysis showing token-ring much better than ethernet ... only thing I could think they did was use early ethernet 3mbit prototype before "listen before transmit"

Note communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing (and doing its best to limit PCs to 3270 emulation). Trivia: AWD (workstation) had done their own (at bus) 4mbit token-ring card for the PC/RT. However for RS/6000 and microchannel, AWD was told that they could only use standard PS2 microchannel cards (that were heavily performance kneecapped by the communication group), typical example was the 16mbit T/R microchannel card had lower card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card (it didn't help that $800 16mbit T/R card was lucky to clear 1mbit/sec while $69 10mbit ethernet cards were regularly clocked at 8+mbit/sec). I was told that CAT4 (& T/R) was originally developed because cable trays (carrying 3270 end-to-end coax) was starting to exceed bldg load limits.

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opens the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything crossing the datacenter walls (and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base). The disk division was starting to see data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to reverse the process, but were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

Trivia: my wife was co-inventor on early IBM token passing patent ... I believe used in S/1 chat ring. Late-80s she was asked to be co-author on response to gov. request for campus wide, super-secure network ... where she included 3-tier networking ... we were then out doing marketing presentations to customer executives and taking arrows in the back from SAA & SNA forces. At the time, an IBMer I had worked with in the 70s had large top-floor corner office in Somers responsible for SAA ... we would drop in periodically to relate how badly his people were behaving.

I was also on XTP technical advisory board (which communication group fought hard to block) and Metcalf sponsored/hosted some meetings.

xtp/hsp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
communication group trying to preserve dumb terminal paradigm
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
3-tier networking posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier
801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

some recent posts mentioning CAT4
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#34 Online Terminals
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#77 IBM/PC and Microchannel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#57 Christmas 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#75 RS/6000 (and some mainframe)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#18 Strange chip: Teardown of a vintage IBM token ring controller
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#4 What is IBM SNA?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#24 IBM "nine-net"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#84 David Boggs, Co-Inventor of Ethernet, Dies at 71
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#65 David Boggs, Co-Inventor of Ethernet, Dies at 71
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#39 LANs and IBM Token-Ring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#50 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#69 IBM MYTE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#42 IBM Token-Ring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#15 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#87 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#45 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#17 IBM Kneecapping products
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#77 IBM Tokenring

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ethernet (& CAT5)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ethernet (& CAT5)
Date: 22 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#50 Ethernet (& CAT5)

Co-worker at science center responsible for the internal network (also has some of his battles with IBM about moving to TCP/IP)
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
the technology had also been used for the corporate sponsored univ. BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
Edson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
In June 1975, MIT Professor Jerry Saltzer accompanied Hendricks to DARPA, where Hendricks described his innovations to the principal scientist, Dr. Vinton Cerf. Later that year in September 15-19 of 75, Cerf and Hendricks were the only two delegates from the United States, to attend a workshop on Data Communications at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg Austria where again, Hendricks spoke publicly about his innovative design which paved the way to the Internet as we know it today.

... snip ...

SJMerc article about Edson (he passed aug2020) and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
Also from wayback machine, some additional (IBM missed) references from Ed's website
https://web.archive.org/web/20000115185349/http://www.edh.net/bungle.htm

also
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet (& EARN) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
nsfnet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Private equity gobbling up defense firms at a frightening pace: Experts

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Private equity gobbling up defense firms at a frightening pace: Experts
Date: 23 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Private equity gobbling up defense firms at a frightening pace: Experts. And with no obligation to disclose financials, companies often 'disappear into a black box' after an acquisition.
https://responsiblestatecraft.org/2023/03/22/as-private-equity-buys-up-defense-firms-transparency-is-already-suffering/
In 2021 alone, private equity funds invested $15 billion in nearly 140 defense-related deals. Firms have acquired some of the world's largest defense contractors, including Amentum, which claims that it is the second leading provider of services to the U.S. government. (Just last month, Amentum won a $4.7 billion contract with the Air Force.)

... snip ...

... note: after turn of the century, private equity was buying up gov. contractors and beltway bandits and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource gov. to their subsidiaries (side-stepping laws that the companies can't use gov. contract money to lobby congress) ... contributing to the rapidly spreading success of failure culture.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."

private equity significantly cutting their companies' costs and expenses to maximize their revenue, private equity owned companies doing gov. security clearances were found to be filling out the paper work, but not actually doing background checks, private equity gov. intelligence companies becoming 70% of budget and half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
From a shareholder perspective, Booz Allen's willingness to cut senior staff and overhead in defense of profits is certainly a plus, as is the potential that Carlyle will pay itself another big dividend with borrowed money.

The success of failure culture, a series of failures resulting in more contracts (and money for the private equity owners).
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
capitalism (& kleptocracy) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ethernet (& CAT5)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ethernet (& CAT5)
Date: 23 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#50 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#51 Ethernet (& CAT5)

Starting in 1980 got con'ed into doing mainframe T1 support which quickly morphs into HSDT, T1 and faster computer links, both terrestrial and satellite... and quickly went to dynamic adaptive rate-based pacing (channel-extender was only terrestrial).

1986, communication group did study for corporate executive explaining why customers wouldn't be looking for T1 support until at least the mid-90s. Looked at 37x5 "fat-pipes", 2 or more parallel 56kbit links ... treated as single logical link ... installs dropping to zero by 7 links (400kbits). What they didn't know (or didn't want to tell executive committee) was typical telco tarrif for T1/1.5mbits was same as 5 or 6 56kbit links. Quicky survey found 200 customers with fulll T1 with non-IBM controller.

VTAM had windowing pacing algorithm where the time to do transmission of max RUs (in window) is much less than terrestrial round-trip signal for (window) ACKs to start arriving back ... so link would be idle most of the time. Eventually they come out with 3737 for single T1 link with boatload of 68K processors and memory with a mini-VTAM simulating CTCA that immediately ACKed RU (before even transmitted) ... peak out at aggregate 2mbits (full-duplex agggregate US T1 is 3mbits, EU/T1 is 4mbits)

I joined XTP technical advisory board (over strong Raleigh objections) and wrote dynamic adaptive rate-based pacing into XTP standard. Note summer 1988 ACM SIGCOMM had two papers, 1) ethernet thruput study and 2) window based pacing was non-stable in large multihop network.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
channel-extender posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
XTP/HSP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
XTP dynamic adaptive rate-based pacing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/xtprate.html

some old email discussing 3737 (faking local mainframe CTCA to compensate for VTAM flow control problems that apparently couldn't otherwise be fixed)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#email880715
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#email880715
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005

some posts mentioning 88 ACM SIGCOMM paper
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#57 Christmas 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#19 Strange chip: Teardown of a vintage IBM token ring controller
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#73 WAIS. Z39.50
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#29 Network Congestion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#84 David Boggs, Co-Inventor of Ethernet, Dies at 71
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#67 David Boggs, Co-Inventor of Ethernet, Dies at 71
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#50 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#45 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#17 IBM Kneecapping products
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#109 IBM Token-Ring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#18 THE IBM PC THAT BROKE IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#29 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#28 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#41 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#128 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#30 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#18 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#83 Metcalfe's Law: How Ethernet Beat IBM and Changed the World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#32 Ethernet at 40: Its daddy reveals its turbulent youth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#39 Van Jacobson Denies Averting 1980s Internet Meltdown
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#41 Is email dead? What do you think?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#83 A Faster Way to the Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#80 A Faster Way to the Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#80 IBM to the PCM market(the sky is falling!!!the sky is falling!!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#18 Ethernet, Aloha and CSMA/CD -
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#55 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#17 were dumb terminals actually so dumb???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#13 packetloss bad for sliding window protocol ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#46 Fast TCP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#41 ibm time machine in new york times?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#40 ibm time machine in new york times?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#4 Microcode? (& index searching)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#38 Buffer overflow
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#20 OT - Internet Explorer V6.0
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#39 Ethernet efficiency (was Re: Ms employees begging for food)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#38 Ethernet efficiency (was Re: Ms employees begging for food)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ethernet (& CAT5)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ethernet (& CAT5)
Date: 23 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#50 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#51 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#53 Ethernet (& CAT5)

For a time, the person responsible for the original APPN spec. (AWP164) and I reported to same exec. I use to chide him to come work on real networking ... since the SNA folks will never appreciate what you were doing. When it came to APPN announce, Raleigh vetoed it. It was then escalated and after the announcement letter was carefully written so that there was absolutely no implication that SNA and APPN was in any way related, APPN was announced (of course since then, various sorts of history has been rewritten)

past posts mentioning AWP164
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#4 What is IBM SNA?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#34 IBM 37x5 Boxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#29 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#99 Systems thinking--still in short supply
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#15 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#99 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#26 SNA vs TCP/IP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#66 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#44 What Makes code storage management so cool?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#52 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#68 ESCON
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#26 computer bootlaces
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#73 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#29 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#5 What is a Server?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#62 LPARs: More or Less?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#83 Small Server Mob Advantage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#3 VTAM security issue
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#26 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#56 When did "client server" become part of the language?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#71 Interesting ibm about the myths of the Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#42 windows time service
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#10 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#46 Are there tasks that don't play by WLM's rules
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#72 FICON tape drive?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#62 Friday musings on the future of 3270 applications
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#39 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#55 Is computer history taugh now?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#49 6400 impact printer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#48 6400 impact printer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#45 Mainframe Linux Mythbusting (Was: Using Java in batch on z/OS?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#21 Sending CONSOLE/SYSLOG To Off-Mainframe Server
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#52 Need Help defining an AS400 with an IP address to the mainframe

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 3031, 3032, 3033

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 3031, 3032, 3033
Date: 23 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
FS was completely different and going to completely replace 370 ... internal politics during FS was shutting down 370 efforts (claim is that lack of new 370 products during FS gave clone 370 system makers their market foothold ... also that IBM sales/marketing had to increasingly fall back on FUD). When FS implodes there is mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 303x & 3081 in parallel. They took a 158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode for the 303x channel director. A 3031 was two 158 engines, one with only the 370 microcode and the 2nd with only the integrated channel microcode. A 3032 was 168-3 reworked to use 303x channel director (158 integrated channel microcode) for external channels. A 3033 started out being 168-3 logic mapped to 20% faster chips.

Early on I got con'ed into working on 16-way SMP 370 and we con'ed the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than the 168-3 logic remap to 20% faster chips). Everybody thot it was great until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system (MVS) had (effective) 16way support ... and he invited some of us to never visit POK again ... and the 3033 processor engineers were instructed to stop having any distraction.

I then transfer out to SJR and allowed to wander around silicon valley datacenters (both IBM and customers) ... including bldg14 (disk engineering) and bldg15 (disk product test) across the street. At the time, they were running 7x24, prescheduled, stand-alone testing (they mentioned they had tried MVS, but it had 15min mean-time-between failure in that environment). I offer to rewrite I/O supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail, allow any amount of on-demand concurrent testing (significantly increasing productivity); downside they want me to spend increasing amount of time playing disk engineer diagnosing their problems.

Bldg15 then gets #3(or#4) engineering 3033 and since disk I/O product test took only a percent or two of the processor, we find a couple strings of 3330 drives (8drives/string) and 3830 disk controller ... and put up our own private online service (on the 3033). Early on, the 303x channel director had numerous problems having to do manual re-impl to recover ... we eventually found that if we quickly execute CLEAR CHANNEL for every 303x channel address ... it would re-impl itself.

I do a (internal only) research report on details of the effort and happen to mention the MVS 15min MTBF .... bringing down the wrath of the MVS organization on my head .... later told the best I could hope for is to not be fired and allowed to do it again.

getting to play disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
SMP, multiprocessor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
Future System posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ethernet (& CAT5)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ethernet (& CAT5)
Date: 24 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#50 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#51 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#53 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#53 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#54 Ethernet (& CAT5)

This includes ref to HSDT working with the director of NSF and suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers, then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen, and then NSF releases RFP .... in part based on what we already had running ... but internal politics prevent us from bidding (morphs into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet)
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

It turns out the communication group was distributing email with loads of misinformation about what SNA could do ... somebody was collecting much of the misinformation email and sent us a copy. Posted archived copy, heavily clipped and redacted (to protect the guilty):
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

later in the spring of 1987, the communication group was (also) making claims that the IBM internal network had to be converted to SNA or PROFS would stop working.

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

The communication group was fiercely defending their dumb terminal paradigm and fighting off client/server, distributed computing and the release of mainframe TCP/IP. When they lost the release of mainframe TCP/IP, they changed their tactic and said that since they had corporate responsibility for everything that crossed the datacenter walls, it had to be released through them; what shipped got aggregate 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090 processor. I did the enhancements for RFC1044 support and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray got sustained 4341 channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

Later, a silicon valley contractor was hired to implement TCP/IP support directly in VTAM and what he initially demo'ed had TCP much faster than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody knows that a "proper" TCP implementation is much slower than LU6.2 ... and they/IBM would only be paying for a "proper" TCP implementation.

rfc1044 posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ethernet (& CAT5)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ethernet (& CAT5)
Date: 24 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#50 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#51 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#53 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#53 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#56 Ethernet (& CAT5)

About the time, I was starting T1 work and HSDT ... STL tried a computer sharing with Hursley (using each other's "off-shift") with a 56kbit "double-hop" satellite link (STL->satellite->east coast->satellite->Hursley). They tried it with VM/370 RSCS/VNET and it ran nearly full blast. Some SNA infused executive then said it had to be done with MVS/JES2 ... and no data flowed at all (turns out that VTAM couldn't handle the double hop round trip latency). They then put it back with RSCS/VNET and data flowed just fine. There was then an attempt to say that the link wasn't actually working and RSCS/VNET just was too dumb to know it (discounting the fact that valid data was flowing full blast in both directions).

Shortly later, I had a T1 satellite link between Los Gatos VLSI lab and Clementi's E&S lab in Kingston (that ran full blast)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enrico_Clementi

It was actually satellite T1 between Kingston and San Jose plant site, with T1 tail-circuit over the T3 collins digital radio microwave between San Jose plant site and Los Gatos. Enrico eventually had a boatload of FPS boxes (with 40mbyte/sec disk arrays, needed to keep up with the processing)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floating_Point_Systems

HSDT was then delivered custom made TDMA sat. earth stations for three node system, Los Gatos, Yorktown, and Austin. Los Gatos had done the LSM, original hardware (vlsi) logic simulator (ran chip-design logic simulation 50,000 times faster than 3033). EVE (Endicott Verification Engine, larger/faster logic simulator) was just delivered to San Jose bldg86 ... and installed T1 between Los Gatos and bldg86. Austin was then able to get fast turn around on logic verification for the RIOS chip-set designs (claims were that it helped bring in RS/6000 RIOS chip-set, a year early).

I didn't like what I had to pay for (real) high-speed modems ... but harder problem was corporate requirement that all links had to be encrypted. I got involved in link encryptor that would handle at least 3mbytes/sec and cost less than $100 to build. Initially, corporate crypto group said it seriously compromised the DES standard. It took me three months to figure out how to explain what was going on ... it was actually much stronger than DES standard. Then I was told there was only one organization that was allowed to use such crypto, I could make as many as I wanted ... but they all had to be shipped to that organization, when I realized there was three kinds of crypto, 1) they don't care about, 2) you can't do, 3) you can only do for them.

internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

posts mentioning three kinds of crypto
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#5 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#17 Early Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#73 WAIS. Z39.50
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#29 Network Congestion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#109 Attackers exploit fundamental flaw in the web's security to steal $2 million in cryptocurrency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#125 TCP/IP and Mid-range market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#57 Computer Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#75 WEB Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#58 Hacking, Exploits and Vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#70 IBM/BMI/MIB
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#8 IBM Travel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#86 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#91 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#44 More on Mannix and the computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#57 Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#77 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#31 The Vindication of Barb
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#85 Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#48 Data Center Theft

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 3031, 3032, 3033

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 3031, 3032, 3033
Date: 24 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#55 IBM 3031, 3032, 3033

I've periodically mentioned before setting up air bearing simulation (part of thin film disk head design, before it had been running on SJR 370/195 but only getting a couple turn arounds/month) on bldg15 (engineering) 3033, where they could get a few turn arounds a day. Thin film (floating heads) heads were originally used in 3370/FBA disks
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_3370

Recently I commented in the Ethernet thread (which has lots of Ethernet/TCPIP versus Tokenring/SNA) about satellite links at Los Gatos VLSI lab and referenced the LSM for logic simulation (ran 50,000 times faster than on 3033). LSM also had clock simulation (the later YSM & EVEs, assumed fixed clock cycle).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#57 Ethernet (& CAT5)

Having clock support allowed logic simulation of chips with asynchronous clocks and analog circuits ... which Los Gatos used in design for thin-film, floating disk head (and the analog disk read/write circuits).

posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs14&15
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
HSDT (& satellite link) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

some past posts mentioning LSM, clock support & analog circuits
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#67 Virtual Machine Debugging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#53 IBM CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#62 Mainframe IPL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#5 LSM - Los Gatos State Machine
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#0 By Any Other Name
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#50 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#71 using an FPGA to emulate a vintage computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#63 What happened to computer architecture (and comp.arch?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#67 1401 simulator for OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#53 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#61 Fast and Safe C Strings: User friendly C macros to Declare and use C Strings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#73 Is computer history taught now?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#42 Was FORTRAN buggy?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#29 IBM microwave application--early data communications
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#6 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#25 CKD Disks?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#3 Ping: Lynn Wheeler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#31 asynchronous CPUs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#26 LSM, YSE, & EVE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#82 Future architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#3 Chip Emulators - was How does a chip get designed?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay6.htm#asrn5 assurance, X9.59, etc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Iraq War the Biggest Con of the 21st Century

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Iraq War the Biggest Con of the 21st Century
Date: 24 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
The Iraq War the Biggest Con of the 21st Century
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/03/24/the-iraq-war-the-biggest-con-of-the-21st-century/
George W. Bush misrepresented our work at CIA to sell the Iraq invasion. It's time to call him what he is: 'A liar.'
https://www.businessinsider.com/george-bush-liar-cia-mohammed-atta-prague-911-iraq-invasion-2023-3

Selling the Iraq War: a How-to Guide
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/03/23/selling-the-iraq-war-a-how-to-guide/
The Endless Wars: 2003-2023
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/03/24/the-endless-wars-2003-2023/
Still Spinning the Iraq War 20 Years Later
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/03/24/still-spinning-the-iraq-war-20-years-later/
20 Years of Iraq Denialism: The New York Times Continues to Get it Wrong on U.S. Empire
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/03/24/20-years-of-iraq-denialism-the-ny-times-continues-to-get-it-wrong-on-u-s-empire/
Blowing Out the Candles in Iraq
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/03/24/blowing-out-the-candles-in-iraq/
American Dream, Global Nightmare: On the Origins of the Iraq War
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/03/24/roaming-charges-85/
Will There Ever Be Justice for the Iraq War?
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/03/24/will-there-ever-be-justice-for-the-iraq-war/

The Vast Power of the Military-Industrial-Congressional Complex
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/03/24/the-vast-power-of-the-military-industrial-congressional-complex/
Twenty Years Ago, the Iraq War Changed Everything -- and Taught Elites Nothing
https://jacobin.com/2023/03/iraq-war-twentieth-anniversary-government-media-disinformation-campaign-washington-elite-consequences

perpetual war
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
(iraq) WMDs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

recent: ^https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#8 The Iraq War was dominated by groupthink and absolutely no humility ^https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#37 The Architects of the Iraq War: Where Are They Now? They're all doing great, thanks for asking ^https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#45 'Saddam was terrible but we had security': the Iraq war 20 years on ^https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#48 Massive Archive of Iraq War Lies Disappeared from "Center for Public Integrity"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Free Money Turned Brains to Mush, Now Some Banks Fail

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Free Money Turned Brains to Mush, Now Some Banks Fail
Date: 25 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Free Money Turned Brains to Mush, Now Some Banks Fail
https://wolfstreet.com/2023/03/25/free-money-turned-brains-to-mush-now-some-banks-fail/
There's a lot of talk that the Federal Reserve broke the banks with its rate hikes and quantitative tightening, and that the Fed killed Silicon Valley Bank, etc. etc.

But the Fed didn't break anything with its rate hikes and QT, except consensual hallucination, as I call it, in the Free Money era.


... snip ...

Update on the Fed's Liquidity Support for Banks. Was it the Swiss National Bank that Borrowed $60 Billion via "Foreign Official" Repos for the Credit Suisse takeunder?
https://wolfstreet.com/2023/03/23/update-on-the-feds-liquidity-support-for-banks-over-the-past-week/

The Fed Should Be Fired as Bank Regulator. Powell's Discussion of Silicon Valley Bank & Regulatory Failure Shows Why. The Fed is structurally too conflicted to regulate banks. The FDIC is not, but it needs tiger teeth to bite CEOs' heads off.
https://wolfstreet.com/2023/03/24/powell-discussion-of-silicon-valley-bank-regulatory-failure-shows-why-the-fed-should-be-fired-as-bank-regulator/

... then there is wharton article, sometimes behind paywall ... but at wayback machine ... about the economic mess
https://web.archive.org/web/20080606084328/http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=1933
and sometimes reappears
https://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/coming-soon-securitization-with-a-new-improved-and-perhaps-safer-face/
Linneman figures that 1,000 CEOs are accountable for about 80% of the current lending mess. If the government were to spend $10 billion to restore liquidity to the market in nine months with only 1,000 people losing their jobs, it would be the best investment it could make to restore the economy. "I'm only half-kidding," he quips.

more economic mess topic drift; jan1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). I was told that some of the investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crisis, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a few billion, needed to fail to leave the field clear for the next round of IPOs) and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages and loans. I was to help improve the integrity of the securitized mortgage/loans supporting documents as countermeasure. They then found they could pay the credit rating agencies for triple-A (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating "trumps" supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans and mortgages, securitize, pay for triple-A and immediately sell into the bond market (largely contributing being able to being able to do over $27T 2001-2008). Paying for triple-A also met they no longer needed to care about borrower's qualification or loan quality, just how big and how fast they could turn them around.

They then discover that they can design securitized loans/mortgages to fail, pay for Triple-A rating, sell off into the bond market and make CDS gambling bets. In 2008, the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar, when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face-value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG, and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs was firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

Note that just the four largest TBTF were still holding $5.2T in off-book toxic assets end of 2008. With only $700B appropriated for TARP (bank bailouts), it would have hardly made a dent. The Fed chairman was fighting off legal action to make public they were doing the "real" bailout (buying trillions in off-book toxic assets at 98cents on then dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds). When they lost, Fed chairman held a press conference to say that he had expected the TBTF to help mainstreet, he had no way to force them (that didn't stop ZIRP). Note the Fed chairman had been selected, in part for having been a depression era scholar, when the Fed had done something similar with the same results (so there should have been NO expectation that it would be different this time).

ZIRP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate_policy

... thread starts with Jan1999 post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm
that citibank discovered in late 80s that rising interest rates would take down the bank
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#30 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#31 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#33 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#36 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#38 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#39 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#40 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#42 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#43 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#46 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital

Federal Reserve
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
economic mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
Too Big To Fail (Too Big To Prosecute, Too Big To Jail)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
regulatory capture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
ZIRP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hypocrisy: Putin should be Punished as a War Criminal, but so Should many in Washington, D.C

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Hypocrisy: Putin should be Punished as a War Criminal, but so Should many in Washington, D.C.
Date: 25 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Hypocrisy: Putin should be Punished as a War Criminal, but so Should many in Washington, D.C.
https://www.juancole.com/2023/03/hypocrisy-punished-washington.html
The most glaring element of U.S. hypocrisy is that its leaders have been guilty of dozens and dozens of more brutal war crimes, beginning with the genocidal treatment of the Native peoples of this continent, extending to the Monroe doctrine and its invasions of countries such as Cuba, the Philippines, and Mexico. (President Theodore Roosevelt's 1904 'corollary' to the Monroe Doctrine asserted the U.S. government's right to invade any country in the Western Hemisphere).

... snip ...

some posts mentioning Churchill explains the start of the mess in middle east begins in 1910, then the US/GB Iran coup in 1953, Schwarzkoph (senior) training Shah secret police, backing Iraq in Iran/Iraq war (with WMDs), etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#10 History Is Un-American. Real Americans Create Their Own Futures
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#107 Price Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#113 The United States Of America: Victims Of Its Own Disinformation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#59 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys

some posts discussing the two Iraq invasions:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#59 The Iraq War the Biggest Con of the 21st Century
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#45 'Saddam was terrible but we had security': the Iraq war 20 years on
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#8 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#113 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#38 Did The 'B-Team' Overplay It's Hand On Iran?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#109 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers

some posts mentioning Sullivan and Cromwell and John Foster Dulles played major roles in Banana Republics and rebuilding Germany's economy, industry and military 20s through early 40s, then US corporations had such horribly corrupt and venal reputation for the depression and supporting the Nazis, funded a major propaganda campaign equating Capitalism with Christianity, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#17 Gangsters of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#76 Why the Soviet computer failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#23 Ironic old "fortune"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#2 Smedley Butler

some posts mentioning US Indian "genocide" and continental railroad fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#46 Why Native Americans are buying back land that was stolen from them
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
Team B posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMDs posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ethernet (& CAT5)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ethernet (& CAT5)
Date: 26 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#50 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#51 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#53 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#54 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#56 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#57 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#58 IBM 3031, 3032, 3033

I got con'ed into doing project to take a NCP/VTAM implemented on IBM Series/1 by baby bell and turn it out as IBM type-1 product. Several of the IBMers involved were familiar with lots of communication group's political dirty tricks and tried to build countermeasures for everything they might try ... what Raleigh did next to terminate the project can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction. Part of presentation that I had made at fall86 SNA ARB meeting in Raleigh
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67

trivia: The Series/1 information (in the presentation), was taken from the baby bell production operation. I then entered the same production activity into the communication group's 3725 "configurator". The communication group repeatedly said that the comparison wasn't valid (live production data and/or the communication group's own 3725 "configurator" wasn't valid, but they never would clarify). The series/1 implementation had emulated distributed VTAM out in the Series/1s owned all resources with "cross-domain" to all mainframe VTAMs ... with significantly greater function, performance, and price/performance (tunneling SNA traffic through "real" networking). Plan was then to quickly migrate to RS/6000 platform ... allowing significant greater function, performance, and price/performance.

part of presentation one of the baby bell people made at spring 1986 (IBM user group) "COMMON"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

Internally, IMS "hot-standby" was really interested ... while IMS "hot-standby" could fall-over in a few minutes ... it took VTAM well over an hour to re-establish the sessions, even on large 3090, for a large configuration (VTAM had exceedingly large CPU requirements and session establishment overhead increased non-linear with number of sessions). Series/1 implementation allowed for "shadow" sessions so VTAM for the IMS "hot-standby" could, in effect, also be "hot-standby". Note Raleigh's later 3737, with mini-VTAM spoofing mainframe VTAM for just SNA flow control problems (for links faster than 56kbits/sec) was a really pale subset of what the Series/1 implementation could do to compensate for all the mainframe VTAM issues.

trivia: later VTAM pathlength analysis for LU6.2 had 160,000 instruction pathlength compared to typical UNIX TCP pathlength of 5,000 instructions. XTP shortened that even further easily driving 100mbit FDDI from UNIX workstation (before 100mbit and 1gbit Ethernet) ... and for transaction-like XTP "reliable" sessions, reduced TCP minimum packet exchange from 7 packets to XTP minimum 3 packets (in part by allowing transaction with session establishment). I had this argument with "electronic commerce" and "http/https".

After leaving IBM was brought in as consultant into small client/server startup. Two of the former Oracle people that we had worked with on HA/CMP 128-way scale-up were there responsible for something called "commerce server" and they wanted to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use. I had responsibility for payment gateway that interfaced to financial payment networks and the implementation of traffic between webservers and the payment gateway. Turns out standard UNIX TCP/IP implementation had problem with session close and the "FINWAIT" list ... doing linear scan which grew non-linear as load went up (would approach 90% of all CPU). The startup installed a Sequent multiprocessor that had "fixed" the FINWAIT problem in DYNIX ... but it was another six months before other UNIX platforms started deployin fix. some other stuff:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
XTP/HSP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
"ecommerce" and payment gateway posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

posts mentioning Series/1 NCP/VTAM implementation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#114 IBM HONE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#32 IBM 37x5 Boxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#33 IBM 37x5 Boxes

trivia: I may have been on CPD blacklist back to undergraduate in the 60s ... four of us are written up supposedly for starting some part of clone (telecommunication) controller business. Built a channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate IBM controller .... later was upgraded to Interdata/4 for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for the port interfaces. Interdata (and later Perkin/Elmer) sold it as clone controller
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perkin-Elmer

posts mentioning clone controller
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Congress Has Been Captured by the Arms Industry

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Congress Has Been Captured by the Arms Industry
Date: 27 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Congress Has Been Captured by the Arms Industry
https://tomdispatch.com/congress-has-been-captured-by-the-arms-industry/

... Boyd quote
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"

... snip ...

... one thing to remember about U2 flts ... it debunked the USAF claims about "bomber gap" with Soviets (attempting to justify a 30% increase in DOD spending) ... likely contributing to Eisenhower's warnings about the military-industrial(-congressional) complex in his goodby speech.
https://www.archives.gov/milestone-documents/president-dwight-d-eisenhowers-farewell-address

trivia: actor in TV House (Hugh Laurie) wrote a fiction book about the military-industrial complex ... refers to Boyd ... but also MIC dirty tricks
https://www.amazon.com/Gun-Seller-Hugh-Laurie-ebook/dp/B000SEGK0M/
The day Alexander Woolf decided to take on the military-industrial complex was the day everything changed. For him, for his family, for his business. Things changed quickly, and they changed for good. Roused from its slumber, the military-industrial complex lifted a great, lazy paw, and swatted him away, as if he were no more than a human being. They cancelled his existing contracts and withdrew possible future ones. They bankrupted his suppliers, disrupted his labour force, and investigated him for tax evasion. They bought his company's stock in a few months and sold it in a few hours, and when that didn't do the trick, they accused him of trading in narcotics. They even had him thrown out of the St Regis, for not replacing a fairway divot

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
team-b posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

Boyd posts and web urls
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Another 4341 thread

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Another 4341 thread
Date: 27 Mar, 2023
Blog: LinkedIn
recent Linked "4341" post
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm4341-lynn-wheeler

mentions Future System effort and mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines after FS imploded.

At FS implosion, Endicott sucked me into working on ECPS microcode for virgil/tully (138/148, follow-on to 135/145, precursor to 4331/4341) ... machines ran 370 emulation about avg ten native microcode instructions per 370 instruction ... there was 6kbyes of available microcode space ... and I needed to do the 370 software analysis to identify the 6kbytes of highest executed 370 instructions for dropping into microcode (at approx. byte-for-byte and 10:1 speedup). Old post with the initial analysis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21
i.e. highest executing 6k bytes accounted for 79.55% of kernel cpu execution (ECPS was also carried forward to 4331/4341).

Then Endicott tried to convince corporate to let them preinstall VM370 on every 138/148 shipped to customers. However, head of POK was also in the process of convincing corporate to kill VM370 product, shutdown the VM370 development group and transfer all the people to POK for MVS/XA (claiming otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't be able to ship on time). Endicott eventually managed to save the VM370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch ... (although still wasn't allowed to ship VM370 pre-installed on every machine) ... customers did have some complaints about vm370 code quality during the transition period.

trivia: they weren't going to tell original vm370 development about shutdown until very last moment (minimize the number that might escape into local boston area). However the information leaked early and several escaped (DEC vax/vms was in early infancy and joke was head of POK was major contributor to vms). There was a witch hunt for the leaker, fortunately for me, nobody gave up source of leak.

In 80s, communication group was defending their dumb terminal paradigm and fiercely fighting off client/server, distributed computing, and release of mainframe TCP/IP support. When they lost on TCP/IP release, they changed their strategy and said that since they had corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls, it had to be release through them; what shipped got aggregate 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090 processor. I did the RFC1044 support and in some tuning tests at Cray research, between Cray and 4341, got 4341 channel sustained throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed)

communication group defending dumb terminal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
rfc1044
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
future system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#32 Bimodal Distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#12 Open Software Foundation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#6 z/VM 50th - part 7
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#86 IBM San Jose
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HURD

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: HURD
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 27 Mar 2023 16:17:32 -1000
Grant Taylor <gtaylor@tnetconsulting.net> writes:
And yet the '90s had exactly that. We still have it to a lesser degree.

FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, and in some ways macOS.

Solaris, AIX, OpenMVS, HP-UX, SCO OpenServer, SCO UnixWare. There may be other more traditional Unixes than I'm aware of.


80s ...

UCB did BSD unix work-alike
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_BSD_operating_systems
UCLA did LOCUS unix work-alike ... IBM used it for AIX/386 & AIX/370
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Locus_Computing_Corporation
CMU did MACH unix work-alike ... CONVEX used it, Apple used it, others
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mach_(kernel)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OSF/1

IBM contracted for AT&T port to PC/RT for "AIX" from the company that had done the AT&T port for (IBM/PC) PC/IX. IBM also did a BSD port to PC/RT marketed as "AOS"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_RT_PC

note:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_RT_PC#As_part_of_the_NSFNET_backbone

Starting in early 80s, I had HSDT, T1 and faster computer links and was working with NSF director to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running) ... 28mar1986 preliminary announce
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

... snip ...

IBM internal politics not allowing us to bid (being blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to social media) inside IBM, likely contributed, folklore is that 5of6 members of corporate executive committee wanted to fire me). The NSF director tried to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did claims that what we already had operational was at least 5yrs ahead of the winning bid, RFP awarded 24Nov87), as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

The winning bid actually was 440kbit links (driven by the PC/RT routers) ... possibly to make it look like it met the RFP, they had T1 "trunks" driving multiple 440kbit links with telco multiplexors. I was then ridiculing them about the T1 link "claims".

I was then asked to be the "red team" for the T3 effort (possibly figure it would shut me up) with several people from a half dozen labs was the "blue team". I presented 1st and then the blue team presentation. Five minutes into the "blue team" presentation, the executive running the review, pounded on the table and said he would lie down in front of garbage truck before he let any but the "blue team" proposal go forward. I get up and walk out.

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

some recent internet related posts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/

some past posts mentioning (at least) bsd, locus, mach & aix/370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#30 Unix work-alike
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#29 Unix work-alike
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#27 MS/DOS for IBM/PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#45 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#41 What are mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#63 [CM] Coding with dad on the Dragon 32
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#12 The SDS 92, its place in history?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#75 Is end of mainframe near ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#65 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#76 DataPower XML Appliance and RACF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#43 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#36 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#21 A z/OS Redbook Corrected - just about!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#45 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#66 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#85 SV: USS vs USS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#35 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#33 Andrew developments in Rochester
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#53 Migration from Mainframe to othre platforms - the othe bell?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#8 Free to good home: IBM RT UNIX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#26 IBM Plugs Big Iron to the College Crowd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#22 The Mac is like a modern day Betamax
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#54 Unisys A11 worth keeping?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#22 Early AIX including AIX/370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#27 OCF, PC/SC and GOP

past posts mentioning nsfnet and T3 red/blue team
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#91 AL Gore Invented The Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#79 ROMP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#12 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#77 IBM Tokenring
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#33 Cluster Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#66 IBM: A History Of Progress, 1890s to 2001
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#75 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#3 We need to talk about TED
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#52 Arthur C. Clarke Predicts the Internet, 1974
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#11 Obama Was Right: The Government Invented the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#23 VM Workshop 2012
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#34 Early mainframe tcp/ip support (from ibm-main mailing list)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#78 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#75 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header header time-stamp?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#47 SNA: conflicting opinions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#42 Was CMS multi-tasking?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#69 nouns and adjectives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#38 The Pankian Metaphor

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HURD

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: HURD
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 28 Mar 2023 08:43:04 -1000
maus <maus@mail.com> writes:
Chair mao, "Let 100 flowers blossom" Which in time proved that monolithic is not good.

re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#65 HURD

The US Patent and Trademark Office should act now to catalyze innovation
https://techcrunch.com/2021/12/12/the-us-patent-and-trademark-office-should-act-now-to-catalyze-innovation/
The U.S. patent system, which should fuel invention, is increasingly being abused to hinder innovation. It desperately needs reform, and there's one critical fix that can happen today to help ensure the system works for innovators and entrepreneurs of all sizes.

... snip ...

The original purpose of patent office in the constitution was to protect creative/innovative individuals from institutions trying to preserve existing status quo (disruptive innovation making economy more efficient). It is more and more being inverted, corporations doing enormous numbers of defensive patents protecting status quo and inhibiting innovation. Business schools now teach how to monopolize markets and use patents to control innovation and change, preserving status quo. The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:
In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards.

... snip ...

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Atlantic Celebrates 20th Anniversary of Iraq War With Lavish Falsehoods About Iraq War

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Atlantic Celebrates 20th Anniversary of Iraq War With Lavish Falsehoods About Iraq War
Date: 29 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
The Atlantic Celebrates 20th Anniversary of Iraq War With Lavish Falsehoods About Iraq War. When questioned, The Atlantic refused to correct a basic error about chemical weapons in Iraq.
https://theintercept.com/2023/03/29/iraq-war-atlantic-david-frum/

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

posts mentioning WMDs, one of the justifications for the Iraq invasion&war https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds perpetual war posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
team-b posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

recent mentioning iraq invasion/wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#61 Hypocrisy: Putin should be Punished as a War Criminal, but so Should many in Washington, D.C
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#59 The Iraq War the Biggest Con of the 21st Century
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#48 Massive Archive of Iraq War Lies Disappeared from "Center for Public Integrity"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#45 'Saddam was terrible but we had security': the Iraq war 20 years on
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#37 The Architects of the Iraq War: Where Are They Now? They're all doing great, thanks for asking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#8 The Iraq War was dominated by groupthink and absolutely no humility
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#17 Gangsters of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#10 History Is Un-American. Real Americans Create Their Own Futures
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#123 Wars and More Wars: The Sorry U.S. History in the Middle East
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#79 The GOP wants to cut funding to the IRS. We can't let that happen
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#55 More John Boyd and OODA-loop
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#14 New Report Sheds Light on Pentagon's Secret Wars Playbook
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#24 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#20 9/11
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#107 Price Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#43 Iraq War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#15 Russia's most advanced tank in service was obliterated by Ukraine just days after it was deployed, according to reports
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#115 The New New Right Was Forged in Greed and White Backlash
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#106 Active Defense: 2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#97 9/11 and the Road to War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years
Date: 29 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years
https://www.cnbc.com/2023/03/29/credit-suisse-whistleblowers-say-bank-has-been-helping-americans-dodge-us-taxes.html

... spring 2009, IRS has press that they are going after 52,000 wealthy Americans who have illegally stashed trillions offshore and owe $400B (and penalties). In spring 2011, the new speaker of the house has press conference where he says he is cutting the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering the $400B (on DC weekend radio show he also brags about putting latest party darlings on finance committee because those members receive the largest "donations" from special interests). Since then there has been periodic news about the banks and financial advisers have been fined a few billion for their part in facilitating tax evasion, illegally stashing trillions overseas (again, over and above the trillions that congressional tax loopholes allowed to be stashed overseas "legally") ... but nothing about recovering the $400B in taxes owed on the money illegally stashed overseas.

some of the news articles, now at wayback machine ....

First American Client Charged in UBS Tax-Shelter Probe
https://web.archive.org/web/20090407064624/http://blogs.wsj.com/law/2009/04/03/first-american-client-charged-in-ubs-tax-shelter-probe/
Policing Tax Evasion Could Save Billions, But Republicans Won't Fund Enforcement
https://web.archive.org/web/20110430205734/http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/04/28/irs-budget-cuts-deficit_n_850243.html
Swiss Banks Said Ready to Pay Billions, Disclose Customer Names
https://web.archive.org/web/20111104222318/http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-10-24/swiss-banks-said-ready-to-pay-billions-disclose-customer-names.html
No Jail In UBS Tax Evasion Case
https://web.archive.org/web/20111204052155/http://www.forbes.com/sites/robertwood/2011/12/03/no-jail-in-ubs-tax-evasion-case/
Voluntary Disclosure
https://web.archive.org/web/20090411084900/http://www.irs.gov/newsroom/article/0,,id=206012,00.html

money laundering posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
regulatory capture posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

some specific posts mentioning the 52,000 (wealthy) Americans
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#79 The GOP wants to cut funding to the IRS. We can't let that happen
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#87 The IRS misses billions in uncollected tax each year
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#24 The System: Who Rigged It, How We Fix It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#61 Tax Evasion and the Republican Party
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#22 The top 1 percent are evading $163 billion a year in taxes, the Treasury finds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#13 Companies Lobbying Against Infrastructure Tax Increases Have Avoided Paying Billions in Taxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#54 Republicans Have Taken a Brave Stand in Defense of Tax Cheats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#49 The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#93 Treasury calls for doubling IRS staff to target tax evasion, crypto transfers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#29 US tax plan proposes massive overhaul to audit high earners and corporations for tax evasion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#1 Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#14 On The Deficit, GOP Has Been Playing Us All For Suckers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#21 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#6 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#98 I.R.S. Enlists Debt Collectors to Recover Overdue Taxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#17 UBS whistleblower exposes 'political prostitution' all the way up to President Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#17 Globalization Worker Negotiation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#34 Here's Why (And How) The Government Will "Borrow" Your Retirement Savings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#97 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#3 About This Project: Swiss Leaks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#99 US Debt In Public Hands Doubles Under Barack Obama
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#75 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#100 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#58 Credit Suisse, BNP Paribas at Risk of Criminal Charges Over Taxes, Business With Banned Nations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#98 Credit Suisse 'cloak-and-dagger' tactics cost US taxpayers billions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#68 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#73 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#27 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#36 Bank Whistleblower Claims Retaliation And Wrongful Termination
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#37 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ethernet (& CAT5)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ethernet (& CAT5)
Date: 30 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#50 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#51 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#53 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#54 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#56 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#57 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#58 IBM 3031, 3032, 3033
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#62 Ethernet (& CAT5)

Co-worker at Science Center was responsible for internal network ... larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s. His technology also used for corporate sponsored univ network, BITNET.

Arpanet was special IMP network nodes with connected "host" mainframe (IBM and non-ibm) computers. At the 1jan1983 change over from IMPs/HOST protocol to tcp/ip internetworking, there was approx 100 IMP network nodes and 255 HOST ... while the IBM internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes. Old post with IBM corporate locations that added on or more network nodes during 1983
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

science center co-worker
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
the technology had also been used for the corporate sponsored univ. BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
Edson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
In June 1975, MIT Professor Jerry Saltzer accompanied Hendricks to DARPA, where Hendricks described his innovations to the principal scientist, Dr. Vinton Cerf. Later that year in September 15-19 of 75, Cerf and Hendricks were the only two delegates from the United States, to attend a workshop on Data Communications at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg Austria where again, Hendricks spoke publicly about his innovative design which paved the way to the Internet as we know it today.

... snip ...

SJMerc article about Edson (he passed aug2020) and "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
Also from wayback machine, some additional (IBM missed) references from Ed's website
https://web.archive.org/web/20000115185349/http://www.edh.net/bungle.htm

also
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
nsfnet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years
Date: 30 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#68 Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years

2002, congress let's the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending could't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all fed debt). By 2005, US Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010, CBO report was that 2003-2009, tax revenue was cut $6T and spending was increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsibility budget. Sort of confluence of Fed Res and TBTF wanted huge debt, special interests wanted huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanted huge spending increase.

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
fiscal responsibility act
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
comptroller general
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
FEDRES posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

That 80s Feeling: How to Get Serious About Bank Reform This Time and Why We Won't

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: That 80s Feeling: How to Get Serious About Bank Reform This Time and Why We Won't
Date: 31 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
That 80s Feeling: How to Get Serious About Bank Reform This Time and Why We Won't
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2023/03/that-80s-feeling-how-to-get-serious-about-bank-reform-this-time-and-why-we-wont.html
As we pick up the pieces from the most recent US banking crisis, many are making comparisons to the 2008-2009 collapse. But perhaps the most instructive parallels, which still hold unlearned lessons demanding attention today, are from the 1980s. The protracted unrecognised losses on securities at Silicon Valley Bank, Signature, and many others still waiting to be dealt with properly, are eerily reminiscent of the ignored losses of the 1980s, which set the stage for the banking collapses of that era.

... snip ...

The Financial Crisis of 2023: Protecting Big Finance, Coming and Going
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2023/03/the-financial-crisis-of-2023-protecting-big-finance-coming-and-going.html

... "Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.

... snip ...

also has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

Exposed! A Serial Whistleblower's Story with Bill Black
https://realprogressives.org/captivate-podcast/exposed-a-serial-whistleblowers-story-with-bill-black/
The industry used its power to launch a smear campaign against the regulators at a time when anti-government ideology was taking hold throughout conservative and "New Democratic" politics. Our listeners will recognize the names of a number of the players, such as Alan Greenspan, appearing here as a lobbyist assigned to recruit Senators in support of Charles Keating. Keating, the CEO of Lincoln Savings, will be forever linked with the Keating 5, a group of US Senators, including John McCain, to whom he made huge political contributions and from whom he received outrageous favors. Greenspan and the Senators insisted that Lincoln Savings had a clean bill of health. The fact that it ended up with a loss of 3.4 billion dollars -- the largest failure in US banking history until the GFC -- didn't deter Clinton from appointing him as Chairman of the Fed.

... snip ...

Bill Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
S&L Scandal
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black#Savings_and_loan_scandal

As VP, Bush repeatedly claimed he knew nothing about Iran-Contra because he was full-time administration person deregulating the financial industry causing the S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

later when the VP was president, it came out that he had also ran Iran-Contra (Bill Barr was his attorney general when president pardons Iran-Contra individuals). Then after turn of the century another son is president and presides over the huge cut in taxes, huge increase in spending, explosion in debt, forever wars, and the economic mess (70 times larger than his father's S&L crisis).

S&L crisis posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
regulatory capture posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
whistleblower posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
federal reserve posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
perpetual/forever wars posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
capitalism (& kleptocracy) posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

recent posts about bank problems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#70 Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#68 Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#60 Free Money Turned Brains to Mush, Now Some Banks Fail
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#46 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#43 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#42 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#40 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#39 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#38 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#36 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#33 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#31 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#30 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#29 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#36 Suisse Secrets

some older posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#58 Credit Suisse, BNP Paribas at Risk of Criminal Charges Over Taxes, Business With Banned Nations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#59 GAO and Wall Street Journal Whitewash Huge Criminal Bank Frauds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#53 FDIC Sues 16 Big Banks That Set Key Rate
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#98 Credit Suisse 'cloak-and-dagger' tactics cost US taxpayers billions
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#78 Libor Rate-Probe Spotlight Shines on Higher-Ups
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#71 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#20 Hundreds Of Billions Of Dollars Expected To Be Withdrawn From Swiss Banks Amid Tax Evasion Crackdown
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#30 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report

libor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
money laundering posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
ZIRP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Schooling Was for the Industrial Era, Unschooling Is for the Future

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Schooling Was for the Industrial Era, Unschooling Is for the Future
Date: 31 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Schooling Was for the Industrial Era, Unschooling Is for the Future. We've entered a new era, the Imagination Age, so why are we still schooling kids like we did in the 19th Century?
https://fee.org/articles/schooling-was-for-the-industrial-era-unschooling-is-for-the-future/

Bullying has been standard technique in US education as part of enforcing conformity ... former coworker at IBM cambridge science center and IBM san jose research;
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
"It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

permeates nearly all levels of US education system ... even extending to military academies ... reference to study of German and US military academies the first half of 1900s ... including reference to George Marshall (WW2 chief of staff) was so badly injured in a bullying/hazing incident that he almost had to drop out
https://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/
again lots tracing to "industrial age education" ... Industrial Age Education Is a Disservice to Students
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/industrial-age-education-_b_2974297

other posts about Ed & the internet
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/

and more "industrial-age" schools

AETC Focused on Breaking Away From Industrial-Age Thinking
https://www.airforcemag.com/AETC-Focused-on-Breaking-Away-From-Industrial-Age-Thinking/
Lessons in learning
https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2019/09/study-shows-that-students-learn-more-when-taking-part-in-classrooms-that-employ-active-learning-strategies/
The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://qz.com/1314814/universal-education-was-first-promoted-by-industrialists-who-wanted-docile-factory-workers/
Industrial Age education, from late 1800s, early 1900s (time & motion studies, etc), teaching memorization, not thinking, strict conformity, stamping out factory workers for the capitalists and robber barons
https://www.azquotes.com/quote/1212588
How to Break Free of Our 19th-Century Factory-Model Education System. A technology and education entrepreneur gazes into the future of the classroom
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/05/how-to-break-free-of-our-19th-century-factory-model-education-system/256881/
Why Our Industrial-Age Schools Are Failing Our Information-Age Kids
https://www.qualitydigest.com/inside/quality-insider-column/why-our-industrial-age-schools-are-failing-our-information-age-kids
The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation. There are two types of games. One kills creativity and the other is for kids...
https://www.inc.com/stephen-shapiro/why-your-business-needs-more-kid-games-fewer-adult-games.html
Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business
US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html
IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity
https://theconversation.com/iq-tests-cant-measure-it-but-cognitive-flexibility-is-key-to-learning-and-creativity-163284

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

some other industrial-age school posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#19 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#13 The Nazification of American Education
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#16 My Story: How I Was "Groomed" by My Elementary School Teachers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#82 We Have a Creativity Problem
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#100 What Industrial Societies Get Wrong About Childhood
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#99 IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#78 Air Force opens first Montessori Officer Training School
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#103 IBM Innovation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#56 Toyota Beats GM in Global Production

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lobbyists Begin Chipping Away at Biden's $80 Billion I.R.S. Overhaul

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Lobbyists Begin Chipping Away at Biden's $80 Billion I.R.S. Overhaul
Date: 31 Mar, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Lobbyists Begin Chipping Away at Biden's $80 Billion I.R.S. Overhaul. The tax preparation industry is alarmed over the prospect that the Internal Revenue Service will devise its own free tax-filing system.
https://www.nytimes.com/2023/03/30/us/politics/biden-irs-overhaul-taxes.html
Tax Preparation Industry Alarmed Over Plan For IRS Free Tax-Filing System
https://news.slashdot.org/story/23/03/31/0451238/tax-preparation-industry-alarmed-over-plan-for-irs-free-tax-filing-system

recent
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#68 Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#70 Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years
original proposal
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#17 Biden Seeks $80 Billion to Beef Up I.R.S. Audits of High-Earners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#29 US tax plan proposes massive overhaul to audit high earners and corporations for tax evasion

tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
ineqaulity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

some other specific posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#66 Gangsters of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#6 The COVID Supply Chain Breakdown Can Be Traced to Capitalist Globalization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#97 The End of World Bank's "Doing Business Report": A Landmark Victory for People & Planet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#26 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#71 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#78 Qbasic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#27 Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Breakup

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Breakup
Date: 01 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
long-winded post, IBM Chairman Learson trying to block the bureaucrats, careerists (& MBAs) destroying the Watsons' legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO (reverse IPO) of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president to help with RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

then IBM has one of the largest losses in history of US companies and was being reorged into 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (Dec1992, "How IBM Was Left Behind")
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
https://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

we had already left IBM, but we get a call from the bowels of Armonk (corp hdqtrs) asking if we could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts.

along the way got email from former co-workers that the top executives weren't paying attention to business, but focused on moving expenses from following year into current year. we ask our contact in the bowels of Armonk, he says that they won't get bonuses for current year, but if they can nudge the following year even slightly into the black, (the way the executive bonus plan is written) they would get bonuses more than twice as large as any previous bonus (effectively rewarded for taking company into the red).

before we get started, the IBM Board hires the former president of AMEX as new CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same tactics used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
above some IBM related specifics from
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

If Nothing Changes, Nothing Changes: The Nick Donofrio Story
https://www.amazon.com/If-Nothing-Changes-Donofrio-Story-ebook/dp/B0B178D91G/

... The Man That Helped Change IBM
https://smallbiztrends.com/2022/08/the-man-that-helped-change-ibm.html
This week I celebrated my 700th episode of The Small Business Radio Show with Nicholas (Nick) Donofrio who began his career in 1964 at IBM. Ironically, I started at IBM in 1981 for the first 9 years of my career. Nick lasted a lot longer and remained there for 44 years. His leadership positions included division president for advanced workshops, general manager of the large-scale computing division, and executive vice president of innovation and technology. He has a new book about his career at IBM called "If Nothing Changes, Nothing Changes".

... snip ...

... I was in all-hands Austin meeting where it was said that Austin had told IBM CEO that it was doing RS/6000 project for NYTimes to move their newspaper system (ATEX) off VAXCluster ... but it would be dire consequences for anybody to let it leak that it wasn't being done.

One day Nick stopped in Austin and all the local executives were out of town. My wife put together hand drawn charts and estimates for doing the NYTimes project for Nick ... and he approved it. Possibly contributed to offending so many people in Austin that suggested that we do the project in San Jose.

It started out as HA/6000, but I rename it HA/CMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing) after starting doing technical/scientific cluster scale-up with national labs and commercial cluster scale-up with RDBMS vendors (who had VAXCluster support in the same source base with Unix support ... providing some APIs with VAXCluster semantics made it easier for port to HA/CMP). Within a couple weeks after Jan1992 cluster scale-up meeting with Oracle CEO (16way mid92, 128way ye92), cluster scale-up is transferred (to be announced as IBM supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors. A few months later, we leave IBM.

.. after new CEO (reverses breakup), Stockman and IBM financial engineering company:
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

(2013) New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/
(2014) IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks (gone behind paywall)
https://web.archive.org/web/20140201174151/http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

(2016) After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
https://www.fool.com/investing/general/2016/04/25/after-forking-out-110-billion-on-stock-buybacks-ib.aspx
(2018) ... still doing buybacks ... but will (now?, finally?, a little?) shift focus needing it for redhat purchase.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/ibm-to-buy-back-up-to-4-billion-of-its-own-shares
(2019) IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket (gone behind paywall)
https://web.archive.org/web/20190417002701/https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-16/ibm-tumbles-after-reporting-worst-revenue-17-years-cloud-hits-air-pocket

... more financial engineering company

IBM deliberately misclassified mainframe sales to enrich execs, lawsuit claims. Lawsuit accuses Big Blue of cheating investors by shifting systems revenue to trendy cloud, mobile tech
https://www.theregister.com/2022/04/07/ibm_securities_lawsuit/
IBM has been sued by investors who claim the company under former CEO Ginni Rometty propped up its stock price and deceived shareholders by misclassifying revenues from its non-strategic mainframe business - and moving said sales to its strategic business segments - in violation of securities regulations.

... snip ...

pension posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
Gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

HA/CMP posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
stock buyback posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

past mention IBM & financial engineering
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#120 IBM Controlling the Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#118 IBM Breakup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#105 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#105 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#22 STL & other San Jose facilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#52 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#54 Automated Benchmarking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#5 Who Says Elephants Can't Dance?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#3 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#100 Who Says Elephants Can't Dance?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#80 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#20 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#19 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#57 "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#55 3380 disk capacity
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#24 IBM Remains Big Tech's Disaster
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#6 Financial Engineering
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#4 Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#123 IBM retirement fund
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#140 IBM Continues To Crumble

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Mainframe

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Mainframe
Date: 01 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
... took two credit hr intro to computers/fortran, at end of semester was hired to reimplement 1401 MPIO in assembler for 360/30. Univ had 709 tape->tape with 1401 unit record front end (manually move tapes between 709&1401), it had been sold 360/67 for tss/360 (replacing 709/1401) with 360/30 temporarily replacing 1401 (pending 360/67). Univ. shutdown datacenter for the weekend; I was given a bunch of manuals and got the datacenter dedicated for weekends (although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday classes hard); I got to design and implement my own monitor, interrupt handlers, device drivers, error recovery, storage management, etc (within a few weeks I had 2000 card program). Within a year of taking intro class, was hired fulltime responsible for os/360 on 360/67 (tss/360 never really came to production and so ran as 360/65).

Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton data center was possibly largest in the world, couple hundred million in IBM 360s, 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around machine room (mostly 360/65s, but there was one 360/75 running lot of classified). Lots of politics between Renton director and Boeing CFO ... who only had 360/30 up at Boeing field for payroll (although they enlarge the machine room and install a 360/67 for me to play with when I wasn't doing other stuff).

Later at IBM, I was introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. He had story about being very vocal about electronics across the trail wouldn't work ... and was then put in command of "spook base" (about same time I was at Boeing); a biography claims "spook base" was $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (ten times Renton).
https://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

trivia: 709 tape->tape ran student fortran in less than second. Originally 360/65 os/360, they ran over minute. I install HASP and it cuts time in half. I then completely re-order STAGE2 sysgen to carefully place datasets and PDS members for seek and multi-track search optimization, cutting student fortran another 2/3rds to avg 12.9secs. I never got it better than 709 until installing Univ. Waterloo WATFOR.

HQMC trivia: 89/90, (mustang) commandant leverages Boyd for a make-over of the corps
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_M._Gray_Jr.
at a time when IBM was in desperate need of a make-over
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

Boyd posts and web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some past posts mentioning 709, 1401, MPIO, 360/30, 360/67, Boeing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#15 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#118 Google Tells Some Employees to Share Desks After Pushing Return-to-Office Plan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#63 Boeing to deliver last 747, the plane that democratized flying
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#58 Almost IBM class student
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#22 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#5 1403 printer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#99 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#60 Fortran
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#11 360 Powerup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#31 Technology Flashback
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#110 Window Display Ground Floor Datacenters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#95 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#57 CMS OS/360 Simulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#19 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#10 Computer Server Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#35 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#48 Mainframe Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#12 Programming Skills
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#64 addressing and protection, was Paper about ISO C
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#63 IBM 360s
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#46 Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Breakup

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Breakup
Date: 02 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#74 IBM Breakup

some more background leading up to one of the largest losses in history of US companies: El-Erian is discussing bimodal distribution. The Only Game in Town: Central Banks, Instability, and Avoiding the Next Collapse
http://www.amazon.com/Only-Game-Town-Instability-Avoiding-ebook/dp/B0165I3V4C/
log3334-35:
Remember the dominance of IBM on the eve of the personal computer (PC) revolution. The company had by far the most powerful brand in technology. Each year it deployed a large R&D budget. And it was profitable. By these metrics, it was in a very strong position to dominate the PC revolution.

loc3336-39:
Research shows that IBM executives were aware of the "disruptive technology" aspect of the PC. They discussed the issues involved, recognizing the potential for a bimodal outcome for mainframe customers, their bread-and-butter clientele. Some would be lost permanently to the PC while others would be interested in mainframe upgrades to support new requirements.

loc3340-41:
But when it came to implementation, IBM appeared to fall into the "active inertia" trap. Rather than pivot decisively to the new approach, they allowed their much more familiar historical behavior to over influence their future actions.

... snip ...

... and late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opens the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything crossing the datacenter walls, and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base). The disk division was starting to see data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to reverse the process, but were constantly being vetoed by the communication group, a few years later, nearly taking down the whole company

posts referencing communication group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

posts mentioning El-Erian
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#32 Bimodal Distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#85 Three Signals We've Entered a New Economic Era
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#88 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#87 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#86 The Lost Lesson of the Financial Crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#43 All is Lost At IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#5 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#109 Bimodal Distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM HSDT Technology

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM HSDT Technology
Date: 03 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
letter to Japanese Embassy in DC about business trip/visa
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#email841217
in this archived post (to usenet comp.arch forum, in reply to comments by somebody that had been in IBM Rochester)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#0

about HSDT, T1 and faster computer links and having equipment built on the other side of the pacific, also refers to early business vists to Japan ... post also has this email to UCB IBM marketing rep about visit to company up in Berkeley that was doing Reed-Solomon FEC (as well as encoding standard for CDROMs).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#email851021

note friday before leaving on the trip, got email from Raleigh announcing new online internal forum on communication with following definitions
low-speed: 9.6kbits/sec, medium speed: 19.2kbits/sec, high-speed: 56kbits/sec, very high-speed: 1.5mbits/sec

monday morning on wall of conference room on the other side of pacific, there were these definitions:
low-speed: <20mbits/sec, medium speed: 100mbits/sec, high-speed: 200mbits-300mbits/sec, very high-speed: >600mbits/sec

the vendor really liked to show off lots of their latest technology ... other posts in that same comp.arch thread (Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#84
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#1
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#35

also I've mentioned before Raleigh preparing study for corporate executive committee why customers would be interested in T1 until sometime into the mid-90s (study was number of "fat-pipe" 37x5 customer installs, parallel 56kbit links treated as single logical links ... with number of installs dropping as parallel links increase, zero by time reached seven; what they didn't know, or didn't want in the study was telco tariff for T1 was about the same as 5 or 6 56kbit liinks ... customers just switched to full T1 with non-IBM controllers, trivial survey found 200 customers).

Raleigh was finally forced to come out with 3737 T1 link ... boatload of memory and 68k motorola processors ... spoofing CTCA link to compensate for problems with host VTAM flow control as speeds increased past 56kbit. some old email discussing 3737
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#email880715
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#email880715
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005

hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

some past posts mentioning Reed-Solomon FEC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#57 ASCI White
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#126 Google Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#79 Channel I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#71 Link FEC and Encryption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#61 IBM Lasers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#57 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#8 Network names
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#52 Boyd's OODA-loop
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#57 Oldest computer in the US government
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#57 Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#9 3380 was actually FBA?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#6 3380 was actually FBA?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#3 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#55 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#9 Fwd: [sqlite] presentation about ordering and atomicity of filesystems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#68 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#98 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#75 non-IBM: SONY new tape storage - 185 Terabytes on a tape
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#34 SNA vs TCP/IP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#33 SNA vs TCP/IP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#31 SNA vs TCP/IP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#58 DASD, Tape and other peripherals attached to a Mainframe

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 158-3 (& 4341)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
Date: 03 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
comment in (public) mainframe 3158-3 post
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ProfessionalMainframers/posts/1898903970464633/

158 engine ran both the 370 microcode and the integrated channel microcode. In the early/mid 70s, Future System was completely different and going to completely replace 370 ... lots more FS
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

... internal politics during FS was shutting down 370 efforts (claim is that lack of new 370 products during FS gave clone 370 system makers their market foothold ... also that IBM sales/marketing had to increasingly fall back on FUD). When FS implodes there is mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 303x & 3081 in parallel. They took a 158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode for the 303x channel director. A 3031 was two 158 engines, one with only the 370 microcode and the 2nd with only the integrated channel microcode. A 3032 was 168-3 reworked to use 303x channel director (158 integrated channel microcode) for external channels. A 3033 started out being 168-3 logic mapped to 20% faster chips.

Jan1979, I got sucked into running benchmark for national lab on "engineering" 4341 (processor cycle was slower than what would ship in production machines), that was looking at getting 70 for compute farm (sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami).
158 45.64/47.42 secs 3031 37.03/37.77 secs 4341 36.21/37.57 secs

.. 4341 had significantly better price/performance than 158&3031 and also much smaller physical foot print and required much less cooling and power. 4341 also had integrated channels and disk engineering found with little tweaking of the microcode, they could use it for 3380 3mbyte/sec testing. 4341 (+3370) were also deployed in non-datacenters ... inside IBM, conference rooms were becoming scarce because so many converted to vm4341 rooms. In early 80s, large corporations were ordering hundreds at a time for placing out in departmental areas (sort of leading edge for the distributed computing tsunami)

futuresys postings
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
some old 43xx related email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

some 4341 postings mentioning national lab benchmark
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#71 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#108 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#90 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#91 CDC6600, Cray, Thornton
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#89 CDC6600, Cray, Thornton
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#94 IBM 3278
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#52 ESnet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#25 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#100 The (broken) economics of OSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#42 Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#49 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#47 When did the home computer die?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#20 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#88 Ferranti Atlas paging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#62 64 bit addressing into the future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#42 What are mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#87 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#49 The ICL 2900
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#51 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year -old supercomputer back from the dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#46 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#44 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#116 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#37 How the internet was invented
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#106 DOS descendant still lives was Re: slight reprieve on the z
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#71 Miniskirts and mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#91 IBM 4341, introduced in 1979, was 26 times faster than the 360/30
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#18 Miniskirts and mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#37 History--computer performance comparison chart
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#83 Costs of core
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#61 I Must Have Been Dreaming (36-bit word needed for ballistics?)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#35 OODA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#18 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 158-3 (& 4341)

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
Date: 05 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#78 IBM 158-3 (& 4341)

recent comment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#77 IBM HSDT Technology

about business trips to Paris and Tokyo; letter to Japanese Embassy in DC about business trip/visa
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#email841217

in this archived post (to usenet comp.arch forum, in reply to comments by somebody that had been in IBM Rochester)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#0

about HSDT, T1 and faster computer links and having equipment built on the other side of the pacific, also refers to other earlier business vists to Japan ... post also has this email to UCB IBM marketing rep about visit to company up in Berkeley that was doing Reed-Solomon FEC(as well as encoding standard for CDROMs).
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#email851021

mentions that after graduating and joining IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and (world-wide sales&marketing support online HONE systems were long time customer. One of my early trips was being asked to go to Paris for first non-US HONE install ... then later HONE install in Tokyo.

Then after FS implodes, Endicott cons me into doing the analysis for ECPS microcode assist for virgil/tully (138/148) ... find 6kbytes of highest executed 370 instructions for moving to microcode ... initial analysis in this archived post
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

then Endicott cons me to going around the world helping do the 138/148 business case to US & WT business planners (which included trips to both Paris and Tokyo (ECPS also shipped in 4331&4341).

HSDT posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

8100 trivia: my wife was asked to do review of 8100 ... shortly after she presented it to (IBM exec) Bo Evens, the 8100 was "decommitted" (product canceled).

4300s sold into same mid-range market as DEC VAX and in about the same numbers for single unit orders ... big difference were large corporate orders for hundreds of vm4341s at a time for departmental computers ... decade of vax numbers, sliced&diced by model, year, us/non-us
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

recent post about design of thin-film, floating head, 1st used for 3370 (in facebook 3031/3032/3033 thread)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#58

also asked to play disk engineer in bldg14 (disk engineering) and bldg15 (disk product test)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 158-3 (& 4341)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
Date: 05 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#78 IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#79 IBM 158-3 (& 4341)

I graduated and joined IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters including (world-wide online sales&marketing support) HONE systems. Note in the morph of CP67->VM370, lots of features were dropped and/or greatly simplified (including multiprocessor support). I spent much of 1974 adding lots of features for integrity and performance (had done automated benchmarking and standard system would constantly fail, took some time to get VM370 up to the point it wouldn't crash during benchmarking tests). I also initially did the VM370 kernel re-org for multiprocessor ... but didn't actually do multiprocessor support for internal distribution. Old email about internal VM370 distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

trivia: a small subset of the virtual memory enhancements were shipped in Release 3 as DCSS (w/o the CMS paged-mapped filesystem).

Mid-70s, HONE had consolidated the US datacenters (supported all US sales&marketing, DPD hdtrs, regions, branch offices, etc) in Palo Alto (trivia, when facebook 1st moved into silicon valley, it was into a new bldg, built next door to the old US HONE consolidated datacenter). Consolidated HONE US did 168 single-system-image, loosely-coupled systems (HONE1-HONE8) sharing large disk farm with dynamic load-balancing and fall-over ... with 158 (HONE9) for test&development. I then added tightly-coupled multiprocessor, initially for HONE ... so they could add a 2nd processor to the 168s and the 158 (I claimed it was largest single-system-image IBM mainframe complex anywhere in the world ... trivia: at the time, there may have been some airline ACP/TPF with close to the number of systems in single shared DASD farm complex, but TPF didn't get two-processor multiprocessor system support for at least another decade). After the Cal. earthquake, Palo Alto HONE complex was first replicated in Dallas (and then a 3rd in Boulder) with load-balancing and fall-over.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
dynamic adaptive resource management posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
page management & algorithm posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock
multiprocessor, tightly-coupled posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
benchmarking posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#benchmark
CMS page mapped filesystem posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap
share segment posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#adcon

After transferring to San Jose Research in 1977, I was allowed to wander around much of silicon valley, including spending a couple days a month up at HONE in palo alto. I also got wander around san jose DASD plant site. Bldg14 (disk engineering) and bldg15 (disk product test) were running pre-scheduled, stand-alone testing ... frequently 7x24. They said they had recently tried MVS, but it had 15min mean-time-between-failure in that environment. I offered to rewrite I/O supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail so they could do any amount of ondemand concurrent testing, greatly improving productivity. Downside, was that they would complain to me when something wasn't working and I had to increasingly spend time playing disk engineer and diagnosing their problems.

A few months before 3380s were about to ship, FE had 57 simulated errors that were likely to occur and MVS was still crashing for all 57 errors, and in 2/3rds of the cases, there was no indication of what was causing the crash (and I didn't feel badly). MVS also had 5k-10k instruction pathlength from interrupt until DASD redrive ... while I had a couple hundred instructions. old email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801015

getting to play disk engineer posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

other posts mentioning 57 simulated 3380 errors & MVS crashing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#71 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#100 Mainframe Channel I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#79 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#49 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#10 VM/370 Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#97 MVS support
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#44 Automated Benchmarking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#35 Error Handling
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#53 S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#57 DASD Development
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#78 z/VM Live Guest Relocation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#14 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#98 OT: Electrician cuts wrong wire and downs 25,000 square foot data centre
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#91 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#15 Mainframe Slang terms
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#30 SHAREWARE at Its Finest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#17 Broken hardware was Re: Broken Brancher

Some recent IBM/CP67/VM posts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-2-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-4-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-5-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-6-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-7-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-io-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mainframe-channel-redrive-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm4341-lynn-wheeler/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Clarence Thomas and the Billionaire

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Clarence Thomas and the Billionaire
Date: 7 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Los Angeles Times reported about Justice Thomas' gifts 20 years ago. After that he stopped disclosing them
https://www.latimes.com/politics/story/2023-04-06/the-times-reported-about-justice-thomas-gifts-20-years-ago-after-he-just-stopped-disclosing-them
It was 2004 when the Los Angeles Times disclosed that Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas had accepted expensive gifts and private plane trips paid for by Harlan Crow, a wealthy Texas real estate investor and a prominent Republican donor.

The gifts included a Bible that once belonged to abolitionist Frederick Douglass -- a gift Thomas valued at $19,000 -- and a bust of Abraham Lincoln valued at $15,000.


... snip ...

Clarence Thomas and the Billionaire. A ProPublica investigation reveals lavish gifts and travel unprecedented in the modern Supreme Court.
https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2023/04/clarence-thomas-supreme-court-billionare-report-yacht/
Clarence Thomas and the Billionaire
https://www.propublica.org/article/clarence-thomas-scotus-undisclosed-luxury-travel-gifts-crow

Clarence Thomas's brazen violation of ethics rules, briefly explained. By quietly accepting luxuries from a GOP megadonor, Thomas likely ran afoul of federal ethics law.
https://www.vox.com/politics/2023/4/6/23672921/clarence-thomas-supreme-court-propublica-luxury-trips-harlan-crow
Clarence Thomas' Billionaire Buddy Has a Vast Collection of Hitler Paintings, Nazi Memorabilia. Statues of fallen despots - toppled from public squares and smuggled out after dictators' regimes - also reside in Harlan Crow's "Garden of Evil"
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/clarence-thomas-harlan-crow-hitler-paintings-nazi-memorabilia-1234711860/

inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

couple past posts mentioning thomas
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#74 The Supreme Court Is Limiting the Regulatory State
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#33 Will Clarence Thomas Recuse Himself Fom Obamacare Case?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 158-3 (& 4341)

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
Date: 07 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#78 IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#79 IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#80 IBM 158-3 (& 4341)

as mentioned, after FS implodes, 303x and 3081 were kicked off in parallel. After the (originally for HONE) MP work, got sucked into doing work on a 16-way 370 multiprocessor ... and we con'ed the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than remapping 168-3 logic to some warmed over FS chips that were 20% faster). Everybody thot it was really great until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before POK favorite son operating system (MVS) had effective 16-way support (POK doesn't ship 16-way machine until after turn of century, nearly 25yrs later). Then some of us are told to never visit POK again and the 3033 processor engineers told heads down on 3033 and don't get distracted. Then once 3033 was out the door they start on trout (3090). They let me sneak back into POK.

FS posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
SMP, tightly-coupled, multiprocessor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

some old email mentioning "trout"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#email810423
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#email810423
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#email810423
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#email810423
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#email810630
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#email831118

posts mentioning "never visit pok again", 3090, and trout (may also include email mentioning trout)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#35 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#2 360/91
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#9 Cloud Timesharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#77 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#119 70s & 80s mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#66 Virtual Machine Debugging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#51 OoO S/360 descendants
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#48 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#99 IBM downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#105 DOS descendant still lives was Re: slight reprieve on the z
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#21 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#52 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM's Near Demise

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM's Near Demise
Date: 07 Apr, 2023
Blog: Linkedin
it was the communication group that nearly brought down IBM ... late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opens the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything crossing the datacenter walls, and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base). The disk division was starting to see data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to reverse the process, but were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

with communication group near death grip on mainframe datacenters, a couple years later IBM has one of the largest corporate loss in US history ... and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. (Dec1992, "How IBM Was Left Behind")
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
https://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

we had already left IBM, but we get a call from the bowels of Armonk (corp hdqtrs) asking if we could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts.

before we get started, the IBM Board hires the former president of AMEX as new CEO, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the same tactics used at RJR (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
above some IBM related specifics from
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

Gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

part of communication stranglehold was they had also performance kneecapped microchannel cards for the latest generation of IBM/PCs ... trying to minimize their use for anything else than dumb terminal emulation. The AWD workstation division had done a (16bit AT-bus) 4mbit token-ring card for their PC/RT. For the RS/6000 (microchannel) workstation, AWD wasn't allowed to do their own cards (token-ring, display, disk, etc), but had to use the PS2 cards. It turned out the PC/RT (16bit AT-bus) 4mbit token-ring card had higher throughput than the PS2 (32bit) microchannel 16mbit token-ring card (and other PS2 32bit microchannel cards were similarly performance kneecapped). Furthermore the $69 (16bit AT-bus) 10mbit Ethernet cards were clocking at 8.5mbit/sec throughput, while the $800 (32bit microchannel) 16mbit token-ring cards were lucky to clock a mbit. In the mid-80s, the new IBM Almaden Research Center had been heavily provisioned with CAT4 ... expecting to use it for 16mbit token-ring. However they found that CAT4 10mbit ethernet had higher aggregate network throughput and lower network latency ... and $69 10mbit ethernet cards easily left $800 16mbit token-cards in the dust.

communication dumb terminal paradigm and datacenter stranglehold
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

recent CAT4 ethernet thread
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#50 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#51 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#53 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#54 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#56 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#57 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#62 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#69 Ethernet (& CAT5)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Clone/OEM IBM systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Clone/OEM IBM systems
Date: 07 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
ACS/360 was canceled because executives were worried it would advance state of the art too fast and IBM loose control of the market (Amdahl leaves IBM shortly later), lists some ACS/360 features that show up in the 90s with es/9000
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Early in Amdahl corp (71?), Gene gave talk in large MIT auditorium (some of us from science center attended) and was asked about what he said to get funding. He explained that even if IBM was going to completely walk away from 360(/370), there was enough customer 360 software to keep Amdahl in business for at least 30yrs. Sort of implied he knew something about FS (but he has since claimed he knew nothing about FS). I think Fujitsu originally owned 49% of Amdahl and did all the manufacturing.

Future System was totally different from 370 and was going to completely replace 370 (during FS, internal politics was killing off 370 efforts and the lack of new 370 is credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold, IBM sales/marketing had to fall back on lots of FUD). When FS implodes there is mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, kicking off quick&dirty 303x and 3081 in parallel. 3081 uses some left over FS technology ... description 3081 ratio of circuits to performance is much worse than any other product ... price/performance was not quite so bad because IBM had to reduce price.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Amdahl single processor hardware MIPS was about the same as two processor 3081 (but beat it on batch thruput because of significant MVS multiprocessor overhead), and two processor Amdahl was significant higher throughput than four processor 3084).

Note: after joining IBM one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... did SHARE presentations and visits to IBM and customer datacenters. Amdahl was selling into technical/univ/scientific markets but had yet to break into true-blue commercial. The manager of one of the largest commercial customer datacenters liked me to drop by and talk technology. Then IBM did something that horribly offended the customer ... and he ordered an Amdahl system in retribution (lone Amdahl in vast sea of blue). I was then asked to go sit at the customer 6-12 months to make decision appear somehow technology based (and obfuscate the real reason). I talk it over with the customer and then turn down the offer. I was then was told somebody involved was a good sailing buddy of IBM CEO, and if I didn't do it, I could forget having raises, promotions, and IBM career;

After I transfer to San Jose Research, I got to wander around silicon valley IBM & customer datacenters, including bldg14(disk engineering) and bldg15(disk product test) across the street. They were doing prescheduled, stand alone testing (sometimes 7x24) and mentioned they had recently tried MVS ... but it had 15min mean-time-between-failure (requiring re-ipl) in that environment. I offer to rewrite I/O supervisor to be bullet proof and never fail ... allowing any amount of on-demand concurrent testing. Downside was had to increasingly play disk engineer. At one point I find that they were trying to do something that violated channel architecture with development 3880 disk controller. They argue and then schedule conference call with POK channel engineers. Turns out that I was right. They then demand that I participate in every channel related design. I ask why. I was told that most of the disk senior engineers (that really understood channel architecture) had left for non-IBM disk startups/companies.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
multiprocessor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
getting to play disk enginneer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IRS and legacy COBOL

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IRS and legacy COBOL
Date: 07 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
After leaving IBM, did lot of work in financial industry ... sometimes involving treasury. There was series of meetings out at IRS (New Carollton) during one of the (many?) dataprocessing modernization contracts and eventually got to listen to both sides. It wasn't just cobol, but there was 360 assembler code that nobody really understood what it did.

IRS details strategy for replacing its most ancient computer code
https://federalnewsnetwork.com/tom-temin-commentary/2020/10/irs-details-strategy-for-replacing-its-most-ancient-computer-code/
Modernizing the IRS, or any agency's IT infrastructure, is a little like Labyrinth. One hole IRS hasn't gotten around is the Individual Master File (IMF). Coded in assembly language 59 years ago, the IMF seems small, at 200,000 lines of code. But the nature of assembler is that each line does a lot. Somehow replicating the logic in a more contemporary language has resisted efforts dating back a couple of decades. That in turn has delayed many service improvements and operational efficiencies the IRS has wanted to make.

... snip ...

It was also during the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (make more money from series of gov. contract failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
If you're shaking your head, it's probably because you know the Trailblazer story isn't unique. The FBI, the Internal Revenue Service and the Marine Corps, to name a few, have watched massive system modernizations crash and burn. The reasons for these disasters are well-documented and maddeningly similar: insufficient agency management, contractors that overpromised and anemic-to-nonexistent congressional oversight.

... snip ...

related beltway bandit and intelligence agencies
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
above mentions one of the beltway bandits had been bought by one of these companies
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Private equity isn't new--it's been around in various forms for almost 25 years, including the Barbarians at the Gate-style hostile takeover of rjr Nabisco by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts (kkr) in 1989. But it's never operated on the scale it does today. Cerberus Capital Management, a 15-year-old private equity firm, bought 80 percent of Chrysler this year; the companies in its portfolio have more than $60 billion a year in revenue. Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster;

... snip ...

trivia: AMEX was in competition with KKR for private equity (LBO) takeover of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble with RJR and hires the AMEX president to help. Later, the IBM board hires the former AMEX president as CEO (before he leaves to head up Carlyle). Private Equity are hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource gov. to their companies (nominally a company can't use gov. contract money to lobby congress).

success of failure posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

misc. past posts mentioning dataprocessing modernization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#44 IRS, Computers, and Tax Code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#80 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#78 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#104 Early use of word "computer", 1944
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#94 A 40-year "conspiracy" at the VA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#71 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#38 [BBC] US nuclear force 'still uses floppy disks'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#17 the legacy of Seymour Cray
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#59 A-10
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#69 PDCA vs. OODA
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#45 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#42 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#89 FAA air traffic facility consolidation effort already late
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#19 STEM crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#45 IBM--disposition of clock business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#41 IBM--disposition of clock business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#38 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies (Actually, Working under the table!)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#52 US Air computers delay psgrs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#37 [OT?] FBI Virtual Case File is even possible?

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online systems fostering online communication

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online systems fostering online communication
Date: 08 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Co-worker at Science Center was responsible for internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) ... original on cp67.

Note cp67 supported mail like files and instant messaging on same machine (starting in 60s) ... some inherited from MIT 7094/ctss (some of the ctss people went to 5th flr & project mac/multics and others went to science center on 4t flr ... doing cp40&cp67, vnet/rscs, gml (morphs into sgml and then html), etc. Initially vnet/rscs handled mail files between users on different systems. Then the Piza Science Center added "SPM" function to cp67 and vnet/rscs used it to implement instant messaging between users on different systems.

Later CP67 morphs into VM370 and VNET/RSCS moved to VM370 and VMCF, IUCV and SMSG was added so VNET/RSCS used them to provide instant messaging between users on different systems. "SPM", a superset of vmcf+iucv+smsg combination, only available on internal IBM systems ... and VNET/RSCS would continue to use it, if avaliable, for instant messaging between users on different systems.

Trivia: circa 1980 (internal network on its way to 1000 nodes all over the world) a full screen 3270 terminal multiuser client/server space-war game was implemented using "SPM" ... and vnet/rscs spm support was leveraged to support users on different system from the server. Co-worker ref
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/

In z/VM ref, I mention Tymshare and providing its CMS-based online computer conferencing system free to SHARE org as VMSHARE in Aug1976 ... I would drop by Tymshare periodically and had got them to ship me a monthly tape of all vmshare files for making available internally ... one visit they demo adventure ... they had found it on Stanford pdp10 system and ported it to cms ... I get a copy to make avail inside IBM. They had told a joke about tymshare executive finding out customers were playing games and directed all games be removed because tymshare was for commercial/business purpose. He changes his mind when he is told that game playing had grown to 30% of revenue

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in late 70s and early 80s, folklore is when the corporate executive committee was told, 5of6 wanted to fire me.

One of the results was corporate taskforce was formed to study it and authors of "network nation" was hired as part of the task force. Resulted in official online conferencing software and official online moderated forums.

A researcher was also hired to study how I communicated ... they sat in back of my office for nine months taking notes. They also got copies of all my incoming and outgoing email and logs of all instant messages. The material was also used for papers, conference talks, books and Stanford PhD (joint with language and computer ai)

One of my hobbies after graduating and joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer. HONE started out after 23jun1969 unbundling announcement putting online terminals in all us branch offices. I was then asked to go along for first installs outside US in Paris and Tokyo. In mid-70s all US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto (when facebook 1st moves into silicon valley it is into new bldg next door to former HONE datacenter). Eventual all orders were required to 1st be processed by HONE applications

Consolidated US HONE has largest 370 168 single processor systems (HONE1-HONE8) in single-system image sharing large disk farm with load balancing and fall-over across the complex with a 158 (HONE9) for development and test. I then do multiprocessing support for HONE so they can add a 2nd processor to each system

My internal IBM online computer conferencing really took off spring of 1981 ... only about 300 directly participated but claims upwards of 25,000 were reading. From ibmjarg
https://comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

other ref
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

Cambridge Science Center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
(virtual machine based) commercial online service bureaus
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
HONE posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
multiprocessor posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

some posts mentioning adventure, vmshare, & tymshare
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#37 Adventure Game
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#1 IBM Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#28 IBM Cambridge Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#107 15 Examples of How Different Life Was Before The Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#28 Early Online
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#123 SHARE LSRAD Report
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#57 Computer Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#102 IBM CSO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#68 TYMSHARE, VMSHARE, and Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#8 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#84 1977: Zork
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#85 IBM Auditors and Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#111 Online Timsharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#26 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#11 The original Adventure / Adventureland game?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#67 Explore the groundbreaking Colossal Cave Adventure, 41 years on
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#100 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#103 August 12, 1981, IBM Introduces Personal Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#77 Spacewar! on S/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#68 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#75 Wylbur, Orvyl, Milton, CRBE/CRJE were all used (and sometimes liked) in the past
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#31 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#70 VMSHARE Archives
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#84 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#57 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#64 spool file tag data
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#12 New machine code
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#18 The History of Computer Role-Playing Games
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#3 Not Your Dad's Mainframe: Little Iron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#25 Fast action games on System/360+?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#18 Question about Dungeon game on the PDP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#38 Adventure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IRS and legacy COBOL

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From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IRS and legacy COBOL
Date: 09 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#85 IRS and legacy COBOL

... highly optimized machine code to do something in the minimum number of cycles could operate on bits in very obscure ways ... APL was sometime known for being write-once code, since it could be indecipherable ... highly optimize machine code could be similar. As undergraduate rewriting lots of CP67 (and later redoing VM370) writing assembler code ... was frequently not maintainable by other people ... ten years later, somebody might make a trivial line or two change and then the dynamic adaptive resource manager would no longer be doing what it was suppose to.

I have really long-winded comments, including about (IBM online world-wide sales&marketing support) HONE system in this
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#86 Online systems fostering online communication

Science center also ported APL\360 to CP67/CMS for CMS\APL ... APL\360 was designed for 16k (or 32k) swapped workstpaces, had to redo a lot for large virtual memory, demand page workspaces and also add system services API (like file i/o) enabling lots of real world applications. Much of HONE applications were then implemented in CMS\APL->APL\CMS->APL\SV->VS/APL (etc) ... I considered HONE possibly being the largest body of APL code in existence.

dynamic adaptive resource manager posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE & apl posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

There was joke that BofA built a larger IMS development group than IBM STL.

I got con'ed into do some of system/r (original relational). Then when the company was preoccupied with "EAGLE" (next great follow-on to IMS), was able to do tech transfer ("under the radar) to Endicott for SQL/DS. Then when "EAGLE" implodes, there was request for how fast could it be ported to MVS ... which was finally shipped as DB2 (originally for decision/support only).

When Jim Gray leaves IBM for Tandem ... he tries to palm off IMS DBMS consulting with STL ... and doing things for BofA who had pilot System/R ... and had ordered 60 vm/4341s for branch bank distributed operation.
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#email80311

system/r posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

After leaving IBM I did some work for financial services & outsourcing company. One datacenter had a 450K statement cobol program that ran on 40-some max configured IBM machines (@$30m, number required to finish settlement in overnight batch window ... processing over half of all credit card accounts in the US). The application had a large group that had been responsible for performance care&feeding for decades, but possibly got myopically focused. I used some other kinds of analysis technology (that had been developed at the science center in the 60s&70s) and identified 14% throughput improvement.

Also, at the science center one of the people in the 70s had developed an APL analytical system model which was made available on HONE as the performance predictor. SEs could enter customer configuration and workload information and asked what-if questions about changes to configuration and/or workload. During IBM troubles in the 90s, a descendant of the performance predictor was spun-off to somebody in Europe. They ran it through a APL->C language convertor and was doing large system performance consulting (IBM and non-IBM systems). He found another 7% throughput improvement for 21% total (for savings of 21% on 40+*$30M max configured mainframes). This was about the time that one of the other TBTF took-over BofA ... BofA also owned some number of other regional banks and everything was renamed BofA (joke was the original BofA no longer exists)

trivia: the mainframe dataprocessing and financial services/outsourcing business unit had reported to Amex president (for a time the person that KKR hired away to help with RJR and then was hired to be IBM CEO), then in 1992, AMEX spun it off in what was the largest IPO, up until that time. Nearly 15yrs later, KKR did a reverse-IPO of the company, in what had been the largest reverse-IPO up until that time.

private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

recent posts mentionin 450k statement cobol application
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#54 smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#90 Performance Predictor, IBM downfall, and new CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#54 smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#3 COBOL and tricks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#58 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#73 lock me up, was IBM Mainframe market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#11 IBM z16: Built to Build the Future of Your Business
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#56 Fujitsu confirms end date for mainframe and Unix systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#104 Mainframe Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#23 Target Marketing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#120 Computer Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#58 Card Associations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#30 VM370, 3081, and AT&T Long Lines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#87 UPS & PDUs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#10 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#61 Performance Monitoring, Analysis, Simulation, etc
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#68 How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs

some other posts mentioning performance predictor
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#32 Bimodal Distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#7 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#90 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#96 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#79 Enhanced Production Operating Systems
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#58 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#51 Channel Program I/O Processing Efficiency
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#46 Automated Benchmarking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#121 Computer Performance
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#25 VM370, 3081, and AT&T Long Lines
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#10 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#43 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#32 HONE story/history

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online systems fostering online communication

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online systems fostering online communication
Date: 09 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#86 Online systems fostering online communication

... forgot to mention ctss/7094
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
https://multicians.org/thvv/7094.html
history of electronic email
https://multicians.org/thvv/mail-history.html
some of the people went to 5th flr for multics and others to 4th flr to science center
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambridge_Scientific_Center
and did cp40/cms (hardware mods for 360/40) which morphs into cp67/cms when standard 360/67 with virtual memory becomes available
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
RSCS/VNET then enable email and instant messages between users on different systems
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RSCS
TYMSHARE offered commercial online services
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
In aug1976, TYMSHARE offered their CMS-based online computer conferencing to (user group) SHARE organization
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
as VMSHARE, archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

trivia: person responsible for RSCS/VNET, in late 60s also ported PDP1 space wars to IBM 1130.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spacewar!

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
online computer communication posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
commerical online computer services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

$4 Trillion In U.S. Wealth Is Stashed Overseas, Much Of It In Tax Havens

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: $4 Trillion In U.S. Wealth Is Stashed Overseas, Much Of It In Tax Havens
Date: 09 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
$4 Trillion In U.S. Wealth Is Stashed Overseas, Much Of It In Tax Havens
https://www.forbes.com/sites/howardgleckman/2023/03/28/4-trillion-in-us-wealth-is-stashed-overseas-much-of-it-in-tax-havens/

tax fraud, tax evasion, tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

some recent posts specifically mentioning 52,000 wealthy americans hiding money overseas
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#68 Credit Suisse whistleblowers say Swiss bank has been helping wealthy Americans dodge U.S. taxes for years
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#79 The GOP wants to cut funding to the IRS. We can't let that happen
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#52 Background on some recent major budget items
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#87 The IRS misses billions in uncollected tax each year
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#24 The System: Who Rigged It, How We Fix It
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#61 Tax Evasion and the Republican Party
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#22 The top 1 percent are evading $163 billion a year in taxes, the Treasury finds
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#13 Companies Lobbying Against Infrastructure Tax Increases Have Avoided Paying Billions in Taxes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#54 Republicans Have Taken a Brave Stand in Defense of Tax Cheats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#49 The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#93 Treasury calls for doubling IRS staff to target tax evasion, crypto transfers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#29 US tax plan proposes massive overhaul to audit high earners and corporations for tax evasion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#1 Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Savage Capitalism. From Climate Change to Bank Failures to War

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Savage Capitalism. From Climate Change to Bank Failures to War
Date: 09 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Savage Capitalism. From Climate Change to Bank Failures to War
https://tomdispatch.com/savage-capitalism/

Merchants of Doubt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt
Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt
Capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
Perkins describes what he calls a system of corporatocracy and greed as the driving forces behind establishing the United States as a global empire, in which he took a role as an "economic hit man" to expand its influence.

... snip ...

some recent posts mentioning economic hitman
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#71 That 80s Feeling: How to Get Serious About Bank Reform This Time and Why We Won't
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#43 Silicon Valley Bank collapses after failing to raise capital
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#17 Gangsters of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#50 US Debt Vultures Prey on Countries in Economic Distress
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#19 no, Socialism and Fascism Are Not the Same
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#12 The Destiny of Civilization: Michael Hudson on Finance Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#76 Why the Soviet computer failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#65 Gangsters of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#76 Washington Doubles Down on Hyper-Hypocrisy After Accusing China of Using Debt to "Trap" Latin American Countries
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#41 Wall Street's Plot to Seize the White House
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#88 How the Ukraine War - and COVID-19 - is Affecting Inflation and Supply Chains
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#104 Why Nixon's Prediction About Putin and Ukraine Matters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#71 MI6 boss warns of China 'debt traps and data traps'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#21 Obama's Failure to Adequately Respond to the 2008 Crisis Still Haunts American Politics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#97 The End of World Bank's "Doing Business Report": A Landmark Victory for People & Planet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#65 Matt Stoller: #OccupyWallStreet Is a Church of Dissent, Not a Protest
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#33 Afghanistan's Corruption Was Made in America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#29 More than a Decade After the Volcker Rule Purported to Outlaw It, JPMorgan Chase Still Owns a Hedge Fund
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#34 Obama Was Always in Wall Street's Corner
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#26 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#97 How capitalism is reshaping cities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#71 Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360 Announce Stories

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360 Announce Stories
Date: 09 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
I had taken two semester credit hr intro to fortran/computers and at the end of semester got a job to rewrite 1401 MPIO for 360/30. Univ. was one that had been sold 360/67 for tss/360 (replacing 709 tape->tape with 1401 unit record front end) and 360/30 temporarily replaced 1401 pending arrival of 30/67. The univ. shutdown the datacenter over the weekends and I would have the place dedicated for the whole weekend (although 48hrs w/o sleep made monday classes hard). They gave me a bunch of manuals and I got to design/implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, etc ... and within a few weeks had 2000 card assembler program. The 360/67 came in, but tss/360 never came to production fruition and ran as 360/65 with os/360. Within year of taking intro class, was hired fulltime responsible for os/360 ... nearly all (cobol) production batch for administration with some academic. On 709 (tape->tape), student fortran job ran under sec ... initially with 360/65&os/360, they ran over minute (almost 100 times slower). I install HASP cutting time in half. I then redo STAGE2 SYSGEN to order datasets and PDS members to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search, cutting student jobs another 2/3rds to 12.9secs. Never ran faster than 709 until I install Univ. of Waterloo WATFOR.

Before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering srevices to non-Boeing Entities. I thot Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world (couple hundred million in 360s) .... 360/65s arriving faster than the could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room. Lots of politics between Renton manager and CFO, who only had a 360/30 up at Boeing Field for payroll (although they enlarge the machine room for a 360/67 for me to play with when I'm not doing other stuff). After I graduate, I leave Boeing and join IBM science center

Both Boeing people and IBM account team had told story about 360 announcement day ... Boeing walks into the marketing rep (who hardly knows what 360 is) and places a large 360 order ... this was in days of straight commission ... claimed that it made the marketing rep highest paid IBMer that year. The following year, IBM transitions from commission to quota. Jan, Boeing makes another large order ... making the rep's quota for the year. His quota then gets "adjusted" ... he leaves IBM shortly later.

In the early 80s, I as introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. One of his stories was being very vocal that the electronics across the trail wouldn't work, so possibly as punishment he is put in command of "spook base" (about the same time I'm at Boeing) ... some refs:
https://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White
Boyd biography claims "spook base" was $2.5B windfall for IBM (60s $$$, ten times Renton).

John Boyd posts and web URLs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Science Center tried to convince CPD to use (Series/1) peachtree processor (instead of the UC) for 3705. Decade later I'm con'ed into taking a PU4/PU5 (NCP/VTAM) implementation that a baby bell had done on Series/1 and turn it out as type1 product that had enormous more function than NCP along with a bunch of stuff to compensate for VTAM shortcomings ... followed by a port to RS/6000. Several IBMers involved had experience with communication group political tricks and put in place a lot of countermeasures ... but what was done to kill the project can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction. Pieces of presentation I gave at 86 SNA architecture review board in Raleigh
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
also part of baby bell presentation at 86 spring COMMON user group
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

other trivia: as undergraduate in the 60s, I couldn't get the IBM 360 telecommunication unit to do quite what a wanted ... which spawned a univ project (four of us get written up for some part of clone controller business). Built a channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate the 360 controller (with additional function). Later it was enhanced to Interdata/4 for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for port interfaces. Interdata (& then Perkin/Elmer) sold it was clone controller
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perkin-Elmer#Computer_Systems_Division
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concurrent_Computer_Corporation

clone 360 controller project posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm

some posts mentiong MPIO and Boeing Computer Services
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#75 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#15 IBM User Group, SHARE
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#118 Google Tells Some Employees to Share Desks After Pushing Return-to-Office Plan
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#63 Boeing to deliver last 747, the plane that democratized flying
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#58 Almost IBM class student
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#22 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#5 1403 printer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#99 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#60 Fortran
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#11 360 Powerup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#95 Enhanced Production Operating Systems II
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#31 Technology Flashback
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#110 Window Display Ground Floor Datacenters
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#95 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#57 CMS OS/360 Simulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#19 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#10 Computer Server Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#35 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#48 Mainframe Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#12 Programming Skills
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#64 addressing and protection, was Paper about ISO C
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#63 IBM 360s
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#20 1401 MPIO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IRS and legacy COBOL

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IRS and legacy COBOL
Date: 10 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#85 IRS and legacy COBOL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#85 IRS and legacy COBOL

One line of fortran could generate 10 machine instructions ... some of the SLAC people were doing asmh hand recoding of critical fortran sections getting 10 times speed up. Then somebody at Palo Alto Science Center worked with SLAC people in the 80s to improve FORTRAN optimization getting it comparable optimization as the best hand assembler coding (aka not simple translation of single fortran starement at a time to machine code ... but large blocks of statements, much more "dense" machine code & fewer instructions) ... we had it available internally as fortranq ... before shipping as fortranhx. oh, some old email mentioning fortranq
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#email820322

When US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo alto, it was across back parking lot from PASC. PASC had previously done the csc cp67/cms cms\apl port to apl\cms for vm370 (they had also done the 370/145 apl microcode assist)... and there was a lot of work optimizing all the HONE apl applications ... but still was saturating 16 168-3 cpus. Then there was work rewriting some of the highest cpu use HONE apl applications in optimized fortranq/fortranhx ... and be able to invoke them from apl. hone posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

I should also mention a lot of work/input for assembler H came from SLAC. Then SLAC+CERN had effort to implement CPUs w/enuf of 370 problem state to execute fortran programs ... placed along the line to do initial data reduction from sensors ... 1st "168E" (supposedly 3mips of 168) then 3081E (7mips of 3081 processor) ... some refs:
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3069.pdf
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3680.pdf
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3753.pdf

and 168e/3081e posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#71 What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#50 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#40 If Memory Had Been Cheaper
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#47 When did the home computer die?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#82 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#81 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#78 Mainframe operating systems?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#10 SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#24 Is it a lost cause?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#78 Microcode
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#52 The Stack Depth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#28 The joy of simplicity?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#87 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#79 Ancient computers in use today
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#69 Remembrance of things past
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#85 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#72 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing

SLAC also sponsored the BAYBUNCH mainframe user group meetings, some other recent posts mentioning slac baybunch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#109 Early Webservers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#84 Memories of Mosaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#55 z/VM 50th - Part 6, long winded zm story (before z/vm)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#91 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#60 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#59 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#58 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#56 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#18 Early Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#37 What's something from the early days of the Internet which younger generations may not know about?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#10 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#9 VM/370 Going Away
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#108 TCMs & IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#55 Precursor to current virtual machines and containers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#119 70s & 80s mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#106 IBM Future System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#84 Happy 50th Birthday, EMAIL!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#66 Amdahl
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#42 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#16 The Rise of the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#2 What's Fortran?!?!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Corporate Greed Is a Root Cause of Rail Disasters Around the World

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Corporate Greed Is a Root Cause of Rail Disasters Around the World
Date: 10 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Corporate Greed Is a Root Cause of Rail Disasters Around the World
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2023/04/corporate-greed-is-a-root-cause-of-rail-disasters-around-the-world.html

recent similar articles

Tackling the biggest fraud in US history - pandemic relief
https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2023/0403/Tackling-the-biggest-fraud-in-US-history-pandemic-relief
Out of more than $3 trillion distributed through the three main pandemic aid programs, estimates indicate that as much as $560 billion, or nearly 20%, was stolen, likely making it the biggest fraud in U.S. history.

... snip ...

Private Equity and Its Hospitals. "Safety net hospitals" serve communities like those in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Finance companies serve themselves.
https://washingtonmonthly.com/2023/03/24/private-equity-and-its-hospitals-a-case-study/

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
fraud, risk, exploits, threats, vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud
economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

archived posts specificly mentioning railroad fraud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#25 Railroaded
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#115 Years Before East Palestine Disaster, Congressional Allies of the Rail Industry Intervened to Block Safety Regulations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#114 After the storm, hopefully
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#121 We need to rebuild a legal system where corporations owe duties to the general public
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#97 Why Companies Are Becoming B Corporations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#36 The Supreme Court Has Never Been Apolitical
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#7 The COVID Supply Chain Breakdown Can Be Traced to Capitalist Globalization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#53 West from Appomattox: The Reconstruction of America after the Civil War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#46 Why Native Americans are buying back land that was stolen from them
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#28 Massive infrastructure spending has a dark side. Yes, there is such a thing as dumb growth
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#27 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#36 How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#71 Comanche Empire
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#44 Corporations Are People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

After the storm, hopefully

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: After the storm, hopefully
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 2023 09:01:04 -1000
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Rail Unions Warned Us: Greed is Dangerous
https://www.counterpunch.org/2023/02/21/rail-unions-warned-us-greed-is-dangerous/
In contract negotiations last year, they denounced a business model known as "precision scheduled railroading," which aims to boost profits by running bigger and faster trains with smaller crews. The practice has even earned a nickname among rail workers: "positive shareholder reaction." Combined with a lack of guaranteed sick pay, this created dangerous conditions for overworked rail employees.

... but didn't mention the track maintenance issue ... which has been around for at least decades ... and then going back to mid-1800s
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U


re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#113 After the storm, hopefully
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#114 After the storm, hopefully
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#10 stacking blocks After the storm, hopefully
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#93 Corporate Greed Is a Root Cause of Rail Disasters Around the World

Corporate Greed Is a Root Cause of Rail Disasters Around the World
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2023/04/corporate-greed-is-a-root-cause-of-rail-disasters-around-the-world.html
one of the comments:
Why we can't have nice things: private equity, hedge funds, high frequency trading, ... the financialization of America.
...snip ...

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
private equity posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
fraud, risk, exploits, threats, vulnerabilities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

specific posts mentioning financialization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#22 The Big Con: How the Consulting Industry Weakens Our Businesses, Infantilizes Our Governments, and Warps Our Economies
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#21 Price Wars
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#95 Why Companies Are Becoming B Corporations
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#68 Financialization of Housing in Europe Is Intensifying
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#50 Science Fiction is a Luddite Literature
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#11 General Electric Breaks Up
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#64 Private Equity Now Buying Up Primary Care Practices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#63 Rising Rents Threaten to Prop Up Inflation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#81 How capitalism is reshaping cities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#23 Best of Mankiw: Errors and Tangles in the World's Best-Selling Economics Textbooks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#18 Trickle Down Economics Started it All
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#15 The Other 1 Percent": Morgan Stanley Spots A Market Ratio That Is "Unprecedented Even During The Tech Bubble"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#2 Office jobs eroding
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#99 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#100 Destruction of Middle Class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#88 CEO compensation has grown 940% since 1978
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#73 Wage Stagnation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#117 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#107 Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of workers, researchers say
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#18 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#10 Xerox company sold
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#7 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#5 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#104 Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#52 How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#67 Allied Radio catalog 1956
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#8 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#7 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#1 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#3 The Decline and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#111 The Decline and Fall of IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#94 Why Financialization Has Run Amok
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#24 IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Big Con

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Big Con
Date: 10 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#22 The Big Con: How the Consulting Industry Weakens Our Businesses, Infantilizes Our Governments, and Warps Our Economies
also
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#90 Savage Capitalism. From Climate Change to Bank Failures to War
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#17 Gangsters of Capitalism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#6 The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler

The Big Con
https://www.amazon.com/Big-Consulting-Businesses-Infantilizes-Governments-ebook/dp/B0B9JDBYFS/
pg28/loc613-16:
In countries that have been forced to service mounting debt piles over many years, for example, or where war or corruption has depleted or undermined sources of government revenue, internal capacity may be very weak. But the outsourcing of management and delivery to powerful, opaque companies on a grand scale so often does not help electorates and businesses achieve their goals--and in fact can undermine them in the long run, stalling development and preventing accountability.

pg28/loc620-23:
With promises of economic growth, job creation and technological innovation, Kenya's Vision 2030 Strategy purported to offer a blueprint for attracting investment from multinational tech companies. But in 2021, thirteen years after construction began, Konza City remained deserted and devoid of investors--much like the McKinsey Vision projects that preceded it in Andhra Pradesh, Mumbai and Malaysia.

... snip ...

... descriptions of "The Big Con" appear to overlap with Economic Hit Man.
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
https://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-3rd-ebook/dp/B0BDJMHV78/
EHMs are highly paid professionals who use development loans to saddle countries with huge debts and force them to serve US interests. Now, a new EHM wave is infecting the world, and at the peak of the devastation sits China, a newly dominant economic power, with its own insidious version of the US EHM blueprint. Twelve explosive new chapters detail the allure, exploitation, and wreckage of China's EHM strategy in Latin America, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Europe.

... snip ...

The Rise and Fall of the BRI
https://www.cfr.org/blog/rise-and-fall-bri
Amidst accusations of "debt-trap diplomacy," Chinese companies seek more overseas direct investment opportunities and fewer foreign contracted projects as Xi's flagship initiative is stymied by poor risk management.

... snip ...

Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
https://www.forbes.com/sites/erikkobayashisolomon/2020/07/17/ex-economic-hit-man-john-perkins-believes-we-have-reached-a-tipping-point/
https://johnperkins.org/

capitalism posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

reference to EHM strategies used against our own country in the economic mess
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#38 World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon

economic mess posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
inequality posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 360 Folklore

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 360 Folklore
Date: 11 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
360 ipl, 2321 would go whirl, ker-chunk, whirl, ker-chunk, etc, rotate each bin under r/w position to position/read "volser" strip
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_2321.html

2303 had single head per track, 2301 was like 2303 except it read/wrote four heads in parallel, 1/4th the number of tracks, each track four times larger. cp67 at univ (3rd installation after cambridge itself and mit lincoln labs) did single transfer fifo operation. 2301 avg. 70-80 page transfers/sec. I changed (2311&2314) disk to ordered arm seek and for paging, chained multiple pages for same cyl in rotational order in single i/o (doing seek head if necessary). 2301 was treated similar as single (large) cylinder ... and chained all queued page transfers in rotational order (increased max throughput to 270 page transfers/sec). CP67 used the tss/360 2301 format ... nine 4k pages per pair of "tracks" with 5th 4k page straddling end of 1st of pair and start of 2nd of pair.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_drum_storage
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/drum.html

later, 2305 was fixed head disk, every track on every surface had its own head; two versions 11+mbytes with i/o transfer at 1.5mbytes/sec and 5+mbytes with i/o transfer at 3mbytes/sec (and special pair of bus&tag channel cables). The 3mbytes/sec had two heads/track offset 180degrees ... transfer both heads in parallel and avg. quarter rotational delay (rather than half rotational delay).
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_2305.html

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
cp/cms
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS

some mention of cp67, 2301, 2321
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#22 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#21 What was a 3314?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#39 Old data storage or data base
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#49 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#38 FBA rant
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#42 S/360 undocumented instructions?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#17 IBM 1142 reader/punch (Re: First video terminal?)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360 Announce Stories

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360 Announce Stories
Date: 11 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#91 360 Announce Stories

univ registration, large number of tables in the gym with mark sense cards, students lined up at tables to register for classes and marking cards ... run the cards thru mark sense ->punch holes ... some 10-20 or so full card trays. Then 2540 reader/punch ... read card ... check for valid than select middle hopper ... if some problem, punch a card with colored strip into middle hopper behind it. Afterwards go through trays looking for colored stripe cards and the problem card in front of it.

past refs:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#101 The head of the Census Bureau just quit, and the consequences are huge
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#73 History: Mark-sense cards vs. plain keypunching?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#64 Reproducing Punch (513/514)--consecutive numbering, mark sense reading
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#41 Book on Poughkeepsie
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#47 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#3 Data communications over telegraph circuits

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360 Announce Stories

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360 Announce Stories
Date: 11 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#91 360 Announce Stories
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#97 360 Announce Stories

trivia: 3081 was multiprocessor only, warmed over future system technology, quick&dirty project after FS implodes, was largest ratio of circuits of any computer ... possibly motivated TCM technology to cram all those circuits into smaller space:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

3081 was going to be multiprocessor only ... 3081k two processors (Amdahl single processor was about same mip rate as 3081 two processor, but much higher throughput because of MVS multiprocessor software overhead). Airlines ACP/TPF was single processor only software (ACP/TPF didn't have multiprocessor system support) and IBM was afraid that whole market would move to Amdahl (new single processor systems). Eventually there was 3081 box with one processor removed (originally for ACP/TPF) as 3083 ... 3083JX also had special microcode tailored for ACP/TPF.

multiprocessor, tightly-coupled, smp posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

some past posts mentioning 3083
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#6 z/VM 50th - part 7
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#66 VM/370 Turns 50 2Aug2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#31 COMPUTER HISTORY: REMEMBERING THE IBM SYSTEM/360 MAINFRAME, its Origin and Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#80 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#45 Automated Benchmarking
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#66 IBM ACP/TPF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#78 IBM ACP/TPF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#77 IBM ACP/TPF
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#75 IBM ITPS
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#90 Was E-mail a Mistake? The mathematics of distributed systems suggests that meetings might be better
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#70 the wonders of SABRE, was Magnetic Drum reservations 1952
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#66 ACP/TPF 3083
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#74 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#72 Airline Reservation System
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#77 How many years ago?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dunning-Kruger

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dunning-Kruger
Date: 11 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
Dunning-Kruger Effect: Meaning and Examples in Finance
https://www.investopedia.com/dunning-kruger-effect-7368715
What if Dunning Kruger Explains Everything?
https://ritholtz.com/2023/02/what-if-dunning-kruger-explains-everything/

Fecalnomics post:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#94 Fecalnomics
Fecalnomics ref:
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/02/17/fecalnomics/
Fecalnomics is the study of poor decision-making. The concept of "fecalnomics" originated with a review I wrote of the book, Thinking: Fast and Slow, in which Nobel economist Daniel Kahneman shows how monkeys throwing feces are more accurate than human stock pickers over the long toss.

... snip ...

something of takeoff on Freakonomics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freakonomics
http://freakonomics.com/
https://www.amazon.com/Freakonomics-Rev-Ed-Economist-Everything-ebook/dp/B000MAH66Y/

The (MIS)Behavior Of Markets (Mandelbrot & Hudson)
https://www.amazon.com/The-Misbehavior-Markets-Turbulence-ebook/dp/B004PYDBEO
although
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot
from above: Mandelbrot left IBM in 1987, after 35 years and 12 days, when IBM decided to end pure research

Mendelbrot description of period from 60s through the last decade was continuing to use same computations even when they are repeatedly shown to be wrong. Some of Mendelbrot's references are similar to this (by nobel prize winner in economics) Thinking Fast and Slow
https://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-and-Slow-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA
pg212/loc3854-60:
"Since then, my questions about the stock market have hardened into a larger puzzle: a major industry appears to be built largely on an illusion of skill. Billions of shares are traded every day, with many people buying each stock and others selling it to them"

... snip ...

some past posts with references directly (or indirectly) to Dunning-Kruger
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#15 Pro-Monarch
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#106 The Cult of Trump is actually comprised of MANY other Christian cults
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#72 In U.S., Far More Support Than Oppose Separation of Church and State
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#59 The Uproar Ovear the "Ultimate American Bible"
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#7 A terrifying new theory: Fake news and conspiracy theories as an evolutionary strategy
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#6 Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#98 No, the Vikings Did Not Discover America
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#35 Dunning-Kruger meets fake news
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#27 The Antiscience Movement Is Escalating, Going Global and Killing Thousands
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#27 The Antiscience Movement Is Escalating, Going Global and Killing Thousands

posts mentioning freakonomics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022e.html#52 Freakonomics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#4 Getting the lead out: a quirky tale of saving the world
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#12 [CM] What was your first home computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#3 E.R. Burroughs
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#27 OT: efforts to repeal strict public safety laws
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#74 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#46 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#12 The Secret Consensus Among Economists
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#57 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#30 The first personal computer (PC)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#88 NASA proves once again that, for it, the impossible is not even difficult
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#55 ANN: Microsoft goes Open Source

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

5G Hype Cycle

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 5G Hype Cycle
Date: 13 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
circa 1990, having meetings with bellcore about enhancing 1-800 number lookup when law passed that 1-800 numbers had to be portable (move between service providers) and things suspended while they revamp the design (later cellphone numbers had to be portable between service providers also)

post about Al Gore and "inventing the internet" (i.e. his father had been involved in passing the interstate highway system)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_Superhighway
and it was suppose to be a similar gov service
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zvm-50th-part-3-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/inventing-internet-lynn-wheeler/
I was attending NII meetings at LLNL
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Information_Infrastructure
It proposed to build communications networks, interactive services, interoperable computer hardware and software, computers, databases, and consumer electronics in order to put vast amounts of information available to both public and private sectors.[2] NII was to have included more than just the physical facilities (more than the cameras, scanners, keyboards, telephones, fax machines, computers, switches, compact disks, video and audio tape, cable, wire, satellites, optical fiber transmission lines, microwave nets, switches, televisions, monitors, and printers) used to transmit, store, process, and display voice, data, and images; it was also to encompass a wide range of interactive functions, user-tailored services, and multimedia databases that were interconnected in a technology-neutral manner that will favor no one industry over any other.[3]

... snip ...

Vendors were being asked to provide technology for the testbed on their own nickel ... they somewhat recovered when Singapore invited all the (US) testbed participants to do one in a (fully paid for) testbed in Singapore.

Shortly after leaving IBM, I was paying $500/month for 56kbit ISDN ... and telcos didn't know how to adapt to charging for the enormous available fibre-optic bandwidth.

This was starting to show up in the 2nd half of the 80s with the NSF supercomputer interconnect (morphing into NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet). Fiber-optic was enormously increasing available bandwidth but telcos still had copper-wire billing bandwidth mentality. Early 80s, I had HSDT effort (T1 and faster computer links) and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running) ... Preliminary Announcement (28Mar1986)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

... snip

IBM internal politics not allowing us to bid (being blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to social media) inside IBM, likely contributed, folklore is that 5of6 members of corporate executive committee wanted to fire me). The NSF director tried to help by writing the company a letter 3Apr1986, NSF Director to IBM Chief Scientist and IBM Senior VP and director of Research, copying IBM CEO) with support from other gov. agencies ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did claims that what we already had operational was at least 5yrs ahead of the winning bid, RFP awarded 24Nov87), as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

The telcos were faced with chicken&egg ... existing billing wouldn't motivate using the enormous increase in available bandwidth. However the applications didn't yet exist that would use the bandwidth ... cutting the bandwidth billing to motivate bandwidth hungry applications would result in enormous losses during evolution period.

The winning bid didn't exactly meet what we had in the requirements ... but telcos provisioned the evolving backone at 4-6 times what the gov. paid for ... on the condition that it was for non-profit use only. This helped evolve the bandwidth hungry applications ("New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software") while not impacting the existing revenue streams. some mention here
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/memories-mosaic-lynn-wheeler/

Then the evolving internet was suppose to become service analogous to the national interstate highway system ... but didn't turn out that way. Note there have been lots of articles that the FCC under the previous administration was going to allow all sorts of billing for "premium" services.

NSFNET RFP awarded 24nov87 and RFP kickoff meeting 7Jan1988
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email880104 Kickoff Meeting 7Jan1988

News articles mentioning Gore in post about NSFNET RFP kickoff meeting 7Jan1988
John Markoff, NY Times, 29 December 1988, page D1
Paving way for data 'highway' Carl M Cannon, San Jose Mercury News, 17 Sep 89, pg 1E
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#10 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?

some hsdt posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
online computer conferencing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

some older posts mentioning ISDN
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#24 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#35 Soups
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#22 OT: PC clock failure--CMOS battery?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#76 Definition of a computer?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#0 The Economic Impact of Stimulating Broadband Nationally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#94 The Economic Impact of Stimulating Broadband Nationally
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#15 What if phone company had developed Internet?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#42 Metroliner telephone article
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#7 Firefox Lite, Mozilla Lite, Thunderbird Lite -- where to find
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#15 Okay, we get it
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#25 Pre ARPAnet email?

some recent posts mentioning the linkedit (memories-mosaic, inventing-internet, zvm-50th-part-3) related posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#86 Online systems fostering online communication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#80 IBM 158-3 (& 4341)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#72 Schooling Was for the Industrial Era, Unschooling Is for the Future
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#69 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#65 HURD
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#62 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#56 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#51 Ethernet (& CAT5)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#32 Bimodal Distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#12 Open Software Foundation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#6 z/VM 50th - part 7
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#117 IBM 5100
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#112 Early Webservers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#110 If Nothing Changes, Nothing Changes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#109 Early Webservers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#91 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#88 Northern Va. is the heart of the internet. Not everyone is happy about that
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#83 Memories of Mosaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#77 IBM/PC and Microchannel
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#70 GML, SGML, & HTML
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#55 z/VM 50th - Part 6, long winded zm story (before z/vm)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#54 Classified Material and Security
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#52 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#51 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#49 23Jun1969 Unbundling and Online IBM Branch Offices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#43 IBM changes between 1968 and 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#33 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#31 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#28 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#0 AUSMINIUM FOUND IN HEAVY RED-TAPE DISCOVERY
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#124 Corporate Computer Conferencing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#120 IBM Controlling the Market
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#107 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#94 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#86 Mainframe TCP/IP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#84 CDC, Cray, Supercomputers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#77 The Internet Is Having Its Midlife Crisis
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#72 The CHRISTMA EXEC network worm - 35 years and counting!
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#59 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#58 Model Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#43 1973 ARPANET Map
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#31 IBM OS/360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#18 Sun Tzu, Aristotle, and John Boyd
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#16 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#12 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#8 Elizabeth Warren to Jerome Powell: Just how many jobs do you plan to kill?
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#3 AL Gore Invented The Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#95 Iconic consoles of the IBM System/360 mainframes, 55 years old
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#88 IBM Cambridge Science Center Performance Technology
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#74 Mainframe and/or Cloud
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#54 Stanford SLAC (and BAYBUNCH)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#47 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#44 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#43 Some BITNET (& other) History
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#40 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#23 IBM APL
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022g.html#2 VM/370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#113 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#110 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#108 IBM Downfall
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#95 VM I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#82 Why the Soviet computer failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#79 Why the Soviet computer failed
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#72 IBM/PC
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#71 COMTEN - IBM Clone Telecommunication Controller
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#67 John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#61 200TB SSDs could come soon thanks to Micron's new chip
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#57 The Man That Helped Change IBM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#53 z/VM 50th - part 4
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#50 z/VM 50th - part 3

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Oxymoron

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Oxymoron
Date: 14 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
As undergraduate, I take a two credit hr intro to fortran/computers (univ. had 709 tape->tape with 1401 front end for unit record). The univ. had been sold 360/67 to run tss/360 replacing 709/1401. Within a year of taking intro class, univ. hires me fulltime to be responsible for os/360 (360/67 running as 360/65). Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all data processing in independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). 747#3 is flying skies of Seattle getting FAA flt certification and I think renton datacenter is possibly largest in the world with couple hundred million in computer systems (360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around machine room). Then when I graduate, I join IBM (instead of staying at Boeing).

Employed at IBM for almost 15yrs, I submit an IBM "Speak UP" that I was underpaid with lots of supporting information. I get back written reply from head of HR that after detailed review of my whole career, I was being paid exactly what I was suppose to. I then create copy of everything with a written cover letter to send back ... pointing out that I was being asked to interview people, that were about to graduate, for a new group that would be operating under my technical direction ... and they were being offered starting salary 30% more than I was currently making. I never get a reply, but within a few weeks, I get a 30% raise (putting me on level playing field with new graduates). Not the first time, co-workers had to remind me in IBM, Business Ethics is an oxymoron. Recent post about Learson trying to block the bureaucrats, careerists (and MBAs) destroying the Watson legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/
leading up to IBM having one of the largest losses in history of US companies and the company was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (Dec1992, "How IBM Was Left Behind")
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
https://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html
we had already left IBM, but we get a call from the bowels of Armonk (corp hdqtrs) asking if we could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts. Before we get started, the board brings in a new CEO that reverses the breakup.

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
pension posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions

a couple recent posts mentioning univ. 709, Boeing, Wild Ducks, 30% raise
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#24 Inventing the Internet
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#42 IBM Bureaucrats
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#35 IBM Business Conduct Guidelines

some other recent posts mentioning 30% raise, IBM Oxymoron, IBM breakup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#95 IBM Salary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#27 Dataprocessing Career
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#125 IBM Clone Controllers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#39 IBM Registered Confidential
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#12 Home Computing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#82 IBM Downturn
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#61 IBM Starting Salary
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#15 IBM Internal Network
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#86 Bizarre Career Events
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#12 IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#47 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#65 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#74 My Vintage Dream PC

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM "Top Gun"

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM "Top Gun"
Date: 14 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
... never got to fly jets .... but ... I was introduced to John Boyd in early 80s and used to sponsor his briefings at IBM. In the 50s, when he was instructor at USAF Weapons School (equivalent to Navy "Top Gun"), he was known as 40sec Boyd, taking on all challengers and beating them within 40sec ... he actually beat them within 20sec, asked why 40sec?, he said that there might be somebody in the world almost as good as he was, and he would need the extra time.

He also wrote the fighter manual (Aerial Attack Study), copies eventually finding their way to nearly every corner of the world (told story about the Soviet manual ... nearly word for word translation to Russian), John Boyd - USAF. The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of Air Warfare
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm
Boyd was equally famous in the classroom where he developed the "Aerial Attack Study." Until Boyd came along, fighter pilots thought that air combat was an art rather than a science; that it could never be codified. Boyd proved them wrong when he demonstrated that for every maneuver there is a series of counter maneuvers. And there is a counter to every counter. Afterwards, when fighter pilots attacked (or were attacked), they knew every option open to their adversary and how to respond. After the study was declassified, foreign pilots passing through Nellis took it home where it changed the way every air force in the world flies and fights. Even today, more than 40 years later, nothing substantial has been added to the Aerial Attack Study.

... snip ...

Updated version of Boyd's Aerial Attack Study
https://tacticalprofessor.wordpress.com/2018/04/27/updated-version-of-boyds-aerial-attack-study/
Fighter Mafia: Colonel John Boyd, The Brain Behind Fighter Dominance
https://www.avgeekery.com/fighter-mafia-colonel-john-boyd-the-brain-behind-fighter-dominance/

Boyd redid the F15 design, originally swing-wing follow-on to F111 ... he eliminated the swing-wing and cut the weight nearly in half. Then behind the YF16&YF17 (that became F16 & F18) and helped with A10, A New Conception of War
https://www.usmcu.edu/Outreach/Marine-Corps-University-Press/Books-by-topic/MCUP-Titles-A-Z/A-New-Conception-of-War/
PDF->kindle, loc1783-88:
Boyd's collaboration with associate Pierre Sprey on the development of the A-10 close air support (CAS) aircraft sparked his exploration of history. The project was Sprey's, with Sprey consulting Boyd on performance analysis, E-M Theory, and views on warfare in general. When designing the A-10, Sprey had to determine what aircraft features provided the firepower and loiter time required by ground forces, while also granting survivability against the enemy ground fire that would inevitably be directed against it.4The German Wehrmacht had pioneered both the design and employment of dedicated CAS aircraft in World War II.

... snip ...

40 years of the fighter mafia, 2013 picture of weds. night roundtable in basement ft myer o-club, sprey & christie
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/

Trivia: In 89/90 the commandant of Marine Corps leverages Boyd for make-over of the corps ... at a time when IBM was desperately in need of make-over (when Boyd passed in 1997, the USAF had pretty much disowned him and it was the Marines at Arlington and his effects go to Quantico where there continued to be Boyd conferences). John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/

Boyd post & web urls
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall

2023 posts mentioning John Boyd and IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#101 IBM Oxymoron
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#86 Online systems fostering online communication
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#75 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#74 IBM Breakup
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#47 IBM Wild Ducks
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#35 When Computer Coding Was a 'Woman's' Job
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#32 Bimodal Distribution
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#17 The Military-Industrial Complex and American Fascism
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#12 Open Software Foundation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#6 z/VM 50th - part 7
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#110 If Nothing Changes, Nothing Changes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#94 The Ladder of Incompetence: 5 Reasons We Promote the Wrong People
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#86 IBM San Jose
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#83 Memories of Mosaic
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#76 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#74 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#60 Boyd & IBM "Wild Duck" Discussion
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#55 z/VM 50th - Part 6, long winded zm story (before z/vm)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#52 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#51 IBM Bureaucrats, Careerists, MBAs (and Empty Suits)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#49 23Jun1969 Unbundling and Online IBM Branch Offices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#46 MTS & IBM 360/67
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#45 IBM 3081 TCM
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#36 IBM changes between 1968 and 1989
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#30 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#27 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#25 IBM Punch Cards
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#20 IBM Change
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#18 PROFS trivia
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#12 IBM Marketing, Sales, Branch Offices
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#11 IBM Loses Top Patent Spot After Decades as Leader
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#0 AUSMINIUM FOUND IN HEAVY RED-TAPE DISCOVERY

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

2023 IBM Poughkeepsie, NY

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 2023 IBM Poughkeepsie, NY
Date: 16 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
... after leaving IBM ... still got email from Hudson Valley IBMers ... one was about distributing message "would the last person to leave POK, please turn out the lights". There was significant IBM (& mainframe) downturn, IBM one of the largest losses in history of US companies and was being re-orged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company
https://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
https://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html
we had already left IBM, but we get a call from the bowels of Armonk (corp hdqtrs) asking if we could help with breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using supplier contracts in other units via MOUs. After the breakup, all of these contracts would be in different companies ... all of those MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts. Before we get started, the board brings into a new CEO who reverses the breakup.

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
IBM unable to handle mainframe->distributed paradigm shifts
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
Gerstner posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

... note: late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opens the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything crossing the datacenter walls, and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base). The disk division was starting to see data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to reverse the process, but were constantly being vetoed by the communication group (not just strangling mainframe disk business, but all mainframe business).

distributed computing posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

trivia: decade+ ago was asked if I could find the decision to make virtual memory on all 370s ... I found somebody working for executive making decision ... basically MVT storage management was so bad that regions had to be specified four times larger than used, as result 1mbyte 370/165 typically could only run four regions concurrently, insufficient to keep machine busy and justified). Going to 16mbyte virtual memory memory would allow number of regions to be increased by factor of four, with little or no paging. We were frequently traveling down from science center to discuss what we knew about virtual memory from CP/67 (virtual memory and virtual machines), including dropping by Ludlow offshift doing the initial OS/VS2 prototype (on 360/67)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

there was a little bit of code for building page tables at IPL and handle page faults. The biggest bit of code was SVC0/EXCP to create copy of passed channel programs, substituting real addresses for virtual addresses ... hacking CP67 CCWTRANS into EXCP.

science center posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

some recent posts mentioning virtual memory for all 370s and hacking CCWTRANS into EXCP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#50 370 Virtual Memory Decision
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#115 TOPS-20 Boot Camp for VMS Users 05-Mar-2022
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#93 IBM 360
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#122 360/67 Virtual Memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#93 Operating System File/Dataset I/O
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#55 CMS OS/360 Simulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022b.html#92 Computer BUNCH
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#70 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#10 360/65, 360/67, 360/75
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#23 fast sort/merge, OoO S/360 descendants
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#70 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#48 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#25 Execute and IBM history, not Sequencer vs microcode
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#6 IBM 370
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#2 Colours on screen (mainframe history question)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#25 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#92 MVS Boney Fingers
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#78 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#18 IBM assembler
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#5 TSS/8, was A Whirlwind History of the Computer
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#8 BSAM vs QSAM

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

2023 IBM Poughkeepsie, NY

From: Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 2023 IBM Poughkeepsie, NY
Date: 17 Apr, 2023
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#103 2023 IBM Poughkeepsie, NY

... IBM downhill slide, starting with Learson trying to block the bureaucrats, careerists (and MBAs) destroying the watson legacy
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/john-boyd-ibm-wild-ducks-lynn-wheeler/

... more
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/boyd-ibm-wild-duck-discussion-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-downfall-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/multi-modal-optimization-old-post-from-6yrs-ago-lynn-wheeler
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-breakup-lynn-wheeler/
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibm-controlling-market-lynn-wheeler/

after Future System "implodes" in the mid-70s, there is mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, including kicking off the "quick&dirty" 3033&3081 efforts in parallel
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
https://people.computing.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

I got dragged into project to do a 16-processor tightly-coupled effort ... we even con'ed the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than remapping 168-3 logic to 20% faster chips). Everybody thought it was great until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before POK's favorite son operating system (MVS) had effectively 16-way support (at the time IBM pubs claimed that MVS 2-processor support only had 1.2-1.5 times the throughput of a single processor, and multiprocessor overhead was increasing drastically as the number of processors increased). The head of POK then tells some of us to never visit POK again and tells the 3033 processor engineers to heads down only working on 3033. NOTE: POK doesn't ship a 16-processor machine until after the turn of the century (nearly 25yrs later).

ibm downfall, breakup, controlling market posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ibmdownfall
future system posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
tightly-coupled, multiprocessor, smp, and/or compare-and-swap posts
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

some specific posts mentiong 70s 16-processor 370 effort
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023b.html#55 IBM 3031, 3032, 3033
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#92 IBM 4341
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#55 z/VM 50th - Part 6, long winded zm story (before z/vm)
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2023.html#40 IBM AIX
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#49 smaller faster cheaper, computer history thru the lens of esthetics versus economics
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#35 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#17 Arguments for a Sane Instruction Set Architecture--5 years later
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022h.html#2 360/91
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#49 z/VM 50th - part 2
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022f.html#10 9 Mainframe Statistics That May Surprise You
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022d.html#56 CMS OS/360 Simulation
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#106 TCMs & IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022c.html#9 Cloud Timesharing
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#112 GM C4 and IBM HA/CMP
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2022.html#77 165/168/3033 & 370 virtual memory
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021k.html#119 70s & 80s mainframes
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021j.html#5 IBM Lost Opportunities
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#66 Virtual Machine Debugging
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#51 OoO S/360 descendants
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#40 IBM Mainframe
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#9 IBM 360/85
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
https://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#1 How an obscure British PC maker invented ARM and changed the world

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970


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