List of Archived Posts

2021 Newsgroup Postings (05/21 - 06/29)

Evolution: Lab-Grown 'Mini Brains' Suggest One Mutation Might Have Rewired the Human Mind
'Madman ... racist, sexist pig': new book details Obama's real thoughts on Trump
IBM Series/1
Texas Failures
Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?
What My Mobster Grandfather Understood About American Capitalism
Financial Engineering
The Rise of Private Equity
Air Traffic System
Air Traffic System
Air Traffic System
Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable
IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'
IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
1401 MPIO
1401 MPIO
A People's Guide to the War Industry
IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
IBM Remains Big Tech's Disaster
POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable
Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
How a Payday Lender Partnered With a Native Tribe to Bypass Lending Laws and Get Rich Quick
Quic gives the internet's data transmission foundation a needed speedup
IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
How the world's richest defend their wealth, with help from a dedicated industry
Obama Was Always in Wall Street's Corner
Dunning-Kruger meets fake news
The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
Microsoft's Irish subsidiary paid zero corporation tax on $315bn profit
'Bipartisanship' Is Dead in Washington
IBM Mainframe
IBM Mainframe
IBM Mainframe
IBM Mainframe
IBM Mainframe
G7 backs Biden's sweeping overhaul of global tax system
Under God
Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
'We're Gonna Murder You and Then Them'
The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation
Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation
3380 disk capacity
Switch over to Internetworking Protocol
3380 disk capacity
U.K. Pushes for Finance Exemption From Global Taxation Deal
"Hollywood modeel" for dealing with engineers
Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
Private Inequity: How a Powerful Industry Conquered the Tax System
The Political Establishment Doesn't Want You to Know the Economy Is Rigged
'A perfect storm': Airmen, F-22s struggle at Eglin nearly three years after Hurricane Michael
Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
RDBMS, SQL, QBE
RDBMS, SQL, QBE
Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
The Rise and Fall of an American Tech Giant
Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
IBM OS/2
Tasks, Automation, and the Rise in US Wage Inequality
The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
Mainframe disks
IBM OS/2
How Traffic Congestion In Chicago Is Backing Things Up In Los Angeles
The Long-Forgotten Flight That Sent Boeing Off Course
Where Would We Be Without the Paper Punch Card?
After WW2, US Antifa come home
Indian Wars
Giuliani's Law License Is Suspended Over Trump Election Lies
How They Stole $50 Trillion. How We Take It Back
Mainframe mid-range computing market
Mainframe mid-range computing market
How Custer Met His End at Little Bighorn
Mainframe mid-range computing market
Mainframe mid-range computing market
iBM System/3 FORTRAN for engineering/science work?
The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
How Custer Met His End at Little Bighorn
Mainframe mid-range computing market
IBM ESCON Experience
LSG Lab Story
Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
Extremism Has Spread Into the Mainstream
What Underlies the G.O.P. Commitment to Ignorance?
No, the Vikings Did Not Discover America
IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity

Evolution: Lab-Grown 'Mini Brains' Suggest One Mutation Might Have Rewired the Human Mind

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Evolution: Lab-Grown 'Mini Brains' Suggest One Mutation Might Have Rewired the Human Mind
Date: 21 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Evolution: Lab-Grown 'Mini Brains' Suggest One Mutation Might Have Rewired the Human Mind
https://singularityhub.com/2021/03/07/evolution-lab-grown-mini-brains-suggest-one-mutation-might-have-rewired-the-human-mind/
Specifically, the development of the orbitofrontal cortex in infants, which is thought to be involved in higher-order cognition like decision-making, might have changed significantly but subtly since the split from Neanderthals. Humans also reach sexual maturity later than their ancestors did, which can help explain why we live longer.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Madman ... racist, sexist pig': new book details Obama's real thoughts on Trump

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'Madman ... racist, sexist pig': new book details Obama's real thoughts on Trump
Date: 22 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
'Madman ... racist, sexist pig': new book details Obama's real thoughts on Trump. The Democratic ex-president was candid in remarks to donors and advisers, accordiwng to Battle for the Soul by Edward-Isaac Dovere
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/may/19/barack-obama-donald-trump-book

Michelle Obama: I'll 'never forgive' Trump for 'putting my family's safety at risk' by pushing the birther conspiracy theory
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/11/09/michelle-obama-ill-never-forgive-trump-for-birther-conspiracy-theory.html
14 of Trump's most outrageous 'birther' claims - half from after 2011
https://www.cnn.com/2016/09/09/politics/donald-trump-birther
Donald Trump Clung to 'Birther' Lie for Years, and Still Isn't Apologetic
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/17/us/politics/donald-trump-obama-birther.html
Birtherism of a Nation. The conspiracy theories surrounding Obama's birthplace and religion were much more than mere lies. They were ideology.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/05/birtherism-and-trump/610978/

Dark Towers
https://www.amazon.com/Dark-Towers-Deutsche-Donald-Destruction-ebook/dp/B07NLFHHJ3/
pg315/loc3541-46:
This sort of provocative bombast would come to define Trump's candidacy and then his presidency. But even before his dig at supposed Mexican rapists, he had made racism a crucial part of his public shtick. More than any major American politician in decades, Trump had recognized that there was nothing stopping him from mining the potent seams of race and ethnicity for his political advantage. That is why he had spent years spreading the lie that Barack Obama wasn't born in the United States and therefore was an illegitimate president. It didn't matter that the assertion was false. The point was to grab attention and to inflame passions, and Trump--the star of his own popular reality-TV show--had an undeniable knack for doing exactly that.
... snip ...

birthers
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama_citizenship_conspiracy_theories
These claims were promoted by fringe theorists (pejoratively referred to as "birthers"), most prominent among whom was Donald Trump, who would later become the 45th president of the United States. Some theorists sought court rulings to declare Obama ineligible to take office, or to grant access to various documents which they claimed would support such ineligibility; none of these efforts were successful.
... snip ...

Trump's Racist 'Birther' Attacks On Harris Are A Return To Familiar Territory
https://www.npr.org/2020/08/15/902756963/trumps-attacks-on-harris-are-a-return-to-familiar-territory

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Series/1

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Series/1
Date: 22 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
I had HSDT project (T1 and faster computer links) funded out of the CFO office with condition I try and find some IBM content to use (otherwise had no ibm content). Finally tracked down FSD ZIRPEL T1 card for series/1 ... when I went to order a few (S/1), found that there was year delay ... apparently ROLM had ordered a year's worth of manufacturing (ROLM was using Data General, and apparently after IBM bought them it was somebody's idea to try and switch to S/1). The person running ROLM datacenter (even before IBM bought them), I had known from when they worked at IBM ... I cut a deal that in return for helping ROLM with some of their problems, I would get a few of their Series/1.

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

Then somebody in Boca and consultant SE on baby bell account cons me into taking the babybell pu4/pu5 simulation implemented on Series/1 and turn it out as type-1 product. They had S/1 mainframe channel interface card and NCP emulation on the S/1 with a no-single-point-of-failure, distributed VTAM emulation also on the S/1 ... simulating cross-domain to real mainframe VTAM. It tunneled SNA RUs through real networking at much higher throughput than real 37x5 & VTAMs. The communication group was notorious for internal corporate dirty tricks ... so there was great effort went into countermeasures for anything they were known to try. Part of comparison with real VTAM/3725 configuration I gave at 1986 SNA ARP meeting in Raleigh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
part of presentation one of the baby bell people gave at (IBM user group) Common meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

One of the first attacks was VTAM/3725 comparison was totally invalid. I pointed out that the Series/1 information came from customers working environment and the VTAM/3725 was based on the customers workload and configuration run through the communication group's HONE configurator. They then continued to repeat that the comparison was totally invalid ... but never actually cited anything that would back up their claim. What communication group did next to torpedo the project can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction.

HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Not exactly 1st run in with the communication group. As an undergraduate in the 60s, I redid a lot of OS/360 and (virtual machine) CP67 (vm370 precursor). When CP67 was 1st installed at the univ. it had 1052 & 2741 terminal support with automagic code to recognize terminal type (and use the terminal controller to switch terminal type line scanner). The univ. had some number of TTY/ASCII terminals and I added TTY terminal support and extended the automagic terminal type recognition to include TTY. I then wanted to have single dialin number for all terminals ... aka single "hunt group"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting

... it didn't quite work, while IBM terminal controller allowed switching line scanner type ... each port had the line speed hard-wired (1052&2741 were same speed but TTY was different). Thus spawned univ project to do our own (clone) controller, build 360 channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate IBM controller but with the addition that it would support automagic terminal line speed. Later this was upgraded to an Interdata/4 for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for the port interfaces. Interdata then start selling it as IBM clone (and four of us get written up for some part of the IBM clone controller business). After Perkin-Elmer buys Interdata, it continues to be marketed by PE. In the 90s, I ran into salesman that said he had made a very comfortable living selling the boxes into federal market (and that the IBM channel interface board may have still been our 60s design). Turn of the century, I'm visit large mainframe datacenter with one of the descendants handling majority of majority of the dialup cardswipe POS terminals east of the Mississippi.

clone controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm

Later after graduating and joining the IBM science center ... there was major lobbying effort to try and get CPD to use the S/1 peachtree processor for 3705 rather than the extremely anemic UC processor.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Texas Failures

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Texas Failures
Date: 23 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
'Collective amnesia': Texas politicians knowingly blew 3 chances to fix the failing power grid
https://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/investigations/article/texas-politicians-power-grid-failures-blackout-16185399.php

Texas gov knew of natural gas shortages days before blackout, blamed wind anyway. Official's phone logs offer blow-by-blow account of the disaster as it unfolded
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2021/05/texas-gov-knew-of-natural-gas-shortages-days-before-blackout-blamed-wind-anyway/

Texas Governor Knew of Natural Gas Shortages Days Before Blackout, Blamed Wind Anyway
https://hardware.slashdot.org/story/21/05/22/1927222/texas-governor-knew-of-natural-gas-shortages-days-before-blackout-blamed-wind-anyway

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?
Date: 23 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?
https://www.fool.com/the-ascent/research/study-are-you-too-nice-be-financially-successful/
After surveying over 500 people across the country who fell into IBM's Big Five personality models (agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, openness to experience, and neuroticism), we were able to understand exactly how the world's most common personality traits influenced monetary outlooks and habits. Here's how your character and quirks may be determining your financial behaviors.
... snip ...

Personality and Individual Differences. Extraversion and happiness
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/019188699090157M
Why extraverts are happier: A day reconstruction study
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0092656614000063

semi-related, after the turn of the century there was huge uptic in outsourcing to beltway bandits and gov. contractors ... there are laws against using gov. contract to lobby congress ... but money seems to be laundered if it is pushed up to private-equity owner, which they can use to hire prominate politicians to lobby congress. Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy (including buying the beltway bandit that will employ Snowden).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

conributing to the rapidly spreading success of failure culture ... more money from series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Note: "Barbarians at the Capital" title is take-off on "Barbarians at the Gate" article ... AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president (before he became CEO) to help with RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Then IBM was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (behind paywall but mostly free at wayback machine).
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html
when IBM Board hires away the AMEX ex-president as CEO who reverses the breakup and uses some of the PE techniques used at RJR (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
... then he leaves to head up Carlyle ... includes buying the beltway bandit that will hire Snowden, 70% of intelligence budget and half the people had beeen outsourced
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

IBM is turned into financial engineering company (on "steroids") Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What My Mobster Grandfather Understood About American Capitalism

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: What My Mobster Grandfather Understood About American Capitalism
Date: 23 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
What My Mobster Grandfather Understood About American Capitalism
https://time.com/5947270/russell-shorto-grandfather-mafia-capitalism/
A wail of lament that echoed throughout Donald Trump's presidency was that he ran the country like a mob boss. It wasn't just his having mentored with Roy Cohn, the infamous Mafia lawyer, or rubbed shoulders throughout his career with guys like Anthony "Fat Tony" Salerno. It was the wanton disdain for democracy, the venality and corruption, the aggressive pursuit of regulatory rollbacks, which did nothing for the economy, enriched a few fat cat friends and industries and degraded the quality of life for everyone else. It was the thuggishness of it all.
... snip ...

Smalltime: A Story of My Family and the Mob
https://www.amazon.com/Smalltime-Story-My-Family-Mob-ebook/dp/B08D1NW7G9/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

recent "capitalism" posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#4 Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#97 How capitalism is reshaping cities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#95 Larry Summers, the Man Who Won't Shut Up, No Matter How Wrong He's Been
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#87 Congress demands records from Boeing to investigate lapses in production quality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#86 How capitalism is reshaping cities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#85 How capitalism is reshaping cities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#81 How capitalism is reshaping cities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#77 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#71 Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#69 13 Facts About American Prisons That Will Blow Your Mind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#48 'Our Lives Don't Matter.' India's Female Community Health Workers Say the Government Is Failing to Protect Them From COVID-19
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#26 Private Equity and Hedge Fund Barons Having a Hissy Over Carried Interest Grift Because Biden Isn't Staying Bought
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#76 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#23 LACERS Board Member Lambastes Lousy Private Equity Returns as More Studies Confirm Poor Performance for Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#7 The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#96 How Ike Led
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#77 Meet the "New Koch Brothers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#51 In Biden's recovery plan, an overdue rebuke of trickle-down economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#33 Recent Judge Rakoff Decision May Curb Private Equity Leverage Abuses By Pinning Liability on Directors of Selling Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#7 More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#95 Capital in the Twenty-First Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#83 Capital in the Twenty-First Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#70 Boeing CEO Said Board Moved Quickly on MAX Safety; New Details Suggest Otherwise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#60 The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#40 IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#7 IBM & Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#33 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#23 Best of Mankiw: Errors and Tangles in the World's Best-Selling Economics Textbooks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#21 ESG Drives a Stake Through Friedman's Legacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#18 Trickle Down Economics Started it All
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#15 The Other 1 Percent": Morgan Stanley Spots A Market Ratio That Is "Unprecedented Even During The Tech Bubble"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#6 Onward, Christian fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#3 Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Financial Engineering

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Financial Engineering
Date: 24 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
https://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-Decline-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I/
pg187/loc3667-70:
When Welch took over GE in 1980, it was the ninth most profitable company in the nation. Now it was first, second, or third. Shareholder value reached $500 billion, more than any other company in America. The stock price was Welch's personal measure of achievement, though he later denied it. The boom of the late 1990s on balance sent the wrong message to American managers: cut costs rather than innovate. Despite its appeal, In Search of Excellence had little true staying power.

pg191/loc3754-60:
In 1977, GE Capital, as it was later called, generated $67 million in revenue with only seven thousand employees, while appliances that year generated $100 million and required 47,000 workers. He hired better managers and supplied GE Credit with a lot of capital, and he had built-in scale--meaning large size--due to GE's assets size and triple-A credit rating. In time, GE Capital became a full-fledged bank, financing all kinds of commercial loans, issuing mortgages and other consumer loans, and becoming a leader in mortgage-backed securities. By the time Welch left in 2000, GE Capital's earnings had grown by some eighty times to well more than $5 billion, while the number of its employees did not even double. It provided half of GE's profits.

pg192/loc3777-79:
In a few brief sentences, Welch had defined a new age for big business. He introduced short-run profit management to GE, understanding that stock market investors trusted little so well as rising profits every calendar quarter. It became the best indication of a company's quality, making it stand out in good times and bad.
... snip ...

.... basically the new corporate mantra was financial engineering, more (Age of Greed) pg199/loc3919-25:
Over his tenure, he cut back significantly on research and development--by some 20 percent in the 1990s. In 1993, he told BusinessWeek, "We feel that we can grow within a business, but we are not interested in incubating new businesses." GE Capital itself was built through countless acquisitions. As the CNNMoney writers put it, "Consider first what the company really is. Its strength and curse is that it looks a lot like the economy. Over the decades GE's well-known manufacturing businesses--jet engines, locomotives, appliances, light bulbs--have shrunk as a proportion of the total. Like America, GE has long been mainly in the business of services. The most important and profitable services it offers are financial."

pg200/pg3935-41:
He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.
... snip ...

... GE Capital & its securitized mortgages took down the company.

How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever (gone 404, but lives on at waybackmachine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20171015201012/http://moneyweek.com/how-to-spot-bad-stocks-beware-high-achiever-ceo/
Rarely enforced SEC rules may give green light to earnings manipulation
http://www.marketwatch.com/story/past-enforcement-suggests-proposed-clawback-rules-lack-teeth-2015-09-28

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy (including buying the company that will employ Snowden).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

.... conributing to the rapidly spreading success of failure culture ... more money from series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Note: "Barbarians at the Capital" title is take-off on "Barbarians at the Gate" article ... AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president (before he became CEO) to help with RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Then IBM was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (behind paywall but mostly free at wayback machine).
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html
when IBM Board hires away the AMEX ex-president as CEO who reverses the breakup and uses some of the PE techniques used at RJR (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
... then he leaves to head up Carlyle ... includes buying the beltway bandit that will hire Snowden, 70% of intelligence budget and half the people had beeen outsourced
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

but turned IBM into financial engineering company (on steroids) Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

... in Jan1999 I was asked to help try and stop the coming economic mess (we failed). Some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L Crises were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a couple billion, needed to fail to leave the field clear for the next round of IPOs) and were predicted next to get into securitized loans and mortgages. I was to improve the integrity of loan/mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. Then they found they could pay rating agencies for triple-A rating (when the agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony) enabling being able to do no-documentation, liar loans/mortgages; securitize the no-doc liar loans/mortgages, pay for triple-A, and sell into the bond market, did over $27T 2001-2008.

S&L crises
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
too big to fail ("too big to prosecute" "too big to jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
offbook triple-A rated, toxic (securtized loans&mortgage) CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
stock byback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

financial engineering posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#4 Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#49 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#9 Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#72 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#50 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#21 Financial Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#84 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#50 OT: Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#109 What did corporate America do with that tax break? Buy record amounts of its own stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#65 Finally: SEC Frets about Share Buybacks, "Torrent of Corporate Trading Dominating the Market" and "Short-Term Financial Engineering"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#4 Cutting 'Old Heads' at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#78 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#22 OT: book: "Capital in the Twenty-First Century"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#17 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#97 IBM Another Disappointment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#77 Trump delay of the 'fiduciary rule' will cost retirement savers $3.7 billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#3 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#123 IBM retirement fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#51 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#57 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#88 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#80 Moody's Has a Cow, Slams GE's Masterful Financial Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#147 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#140 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#132 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#66 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#106 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#94 Why Financialization Has Run Amok
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#43 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#33 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#77 Why IBM Is Tumbling: BRIC Sales Plunge, Total Revenue Lowest Since 2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#16 independent appraisers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise of Private Equity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Rise of Private Equity
Date: 25 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Rise of Private Equity
https://ritholtz.com/2021/05/the-rise-of-private-equity/

... saw big rise during the S&L crises when the industry got such a bad reputation that they changed "junk bonds" to "high-equity bonds" and the industry name changed to Private Equity

has been compared to house flipping ... borrow 100% to buy a company ... but they can flip it for less than they paid and still walk away with enormous boatloads of money ... since instead of paying off the "mortgage", they've placed it on the books of the bought company. At least half of all corporate defaults involve companies that have been involved in the private equity mill (enormous increase in the bought company's debt load by ten times or more) ... strange thing that the defaults never seem to affect the credit rating of the borrowing PE company.
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

Recent Judge Rakoff Decision May Curb Private Equity Leverage Abuses By Pinning Liability on Directors of Selling Company
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/03/recent-judge-rakoff-decision-may-curb-private-equity-leverage-abuses-by-pinning-liability-on-directors-of-selling-company.html

saw another huge uptic after run of the century with buying up beltway bandits and government contractors and hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource gov. functions to their companies. it is illegal to use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress, but it seems to be "laundered" when 1st pushed up to their PE owners. Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy (including buying the company that will employ Snowden).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

just gov. intelligence, 70% of the budget and half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
also greatly increasing the spreading success of failure culture, make more money from series of failues
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

"Barbarians at the Capital" is take-off on "Barbarians at the Gate"; AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president to help with RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Then IBM was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (behind paywall but mostly free at wayback machine).
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html
when IBM Board hires away the AMEX ex-president as CEO who reverses the breakup and uses some of the PE techniques used at RJR (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
... then he leaves to head up Carlyle

they have also had huge move into health care, hospital systems, doctor/dentist practices, nursing/retirement homes, etc.

More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths, 160,000 Life Years Lost Due to Cuts in Care
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/02/more-evidence-that-private-equity-kills-estimated-20000-increase-in-nursing-home-deaths-160000-life-years-lost-due-to-cuts-in-care.html
The History of Junk Bonds and Leveraged Buyouts
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S221256711501504X

... 3yrs ago watched Bloomberg TV segment with banner across the bottom of the screen that said "junk bonds" ... but all the people they interviewed wouldn't say "junk" bonds ... repeatedly saying "high-yield" bonds.

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Air Traffic System

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Air Traffic System
Date: 26 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
We were doing IBM HA/CMP (originally ha/6000, but change the name when started doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors) at Los Gatos lab in San Jose and had contracted a lot of the work to a unix company in Cambridge (founded by some former IBMers, from science center and MIT Project Athena, aka X-Windows, Kerberos, etc., when the science centers were shutdown, the company moved into the former science center offices).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

We were flying to Boston, 7am out of San Jose with connecting flt in Chicago/Ohara. We had boarded and door shut when FAA delayed take-off because heavy rain/thunder storm at Ohara. After an hr delay (because FAA had cut landings at Ohara in half for 50min period) while the storm clears Ohara, FAA allows flt to take-off. By the time that we land at Ohara instead of flt scheduling had recovery ... schedule disruptions had increased to a couple of hrs (and growing). US flt schedules were so finely synchronized that 50min disruption first thing in the morning cutting landings in half, cascades/snowballs through the day ... apparently the only thing that allows the system to reset/recover is airport night time shutdowns (system had little provisions for self-healing/correcting when glitches crop up) ... at least FAA was delaying take-offs so they didn't have large number of flts circling over Ohara waiting for landing slot. At the time I was overly sensitized to the issues becuase of the work on HA/CMP and studying how systems fail (resilient self-repairing rather than cascade/snowballing).

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#73 Scheduling aircraft landings at London Heathrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#54 The demise of compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#24 is a computer like an airport?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#61 Up, Up, ... and Gone?

Later after leaving IBM was brought into the largest airline res system (SABRE), wanted me to look at the ten impossible things they couldn't do (on TPF). Started with ROUTES ... and given full OAG tape (all commercial airline flts for all airlines and all airports in the world). I came back two months later with (RS/6000, unix) implementation that did all their impossible things. Then the hand wringing begins ... they had something like 800 people supporting their TPF ROUTES implementation ... left over from the 60s technology design trade-offs ... starting from scratch, I could make totally different 90s tradeoffs ... which eliminated nearly all the manual activity of the 800 people. They eventually said they hadn't wanted me to actually do something, they just wanted to be able to tell the parent board that I was working on it. My implementation was quietly shelved and they wouldn't let me redo FARES. Initial implementation was 100 times faster than TPF and then adding all the impossible things slowed it down to only ten times faster than TPF. It was sized that ten rack mount rs/6000-990s could handle every ROUTE request for every airline in the world. Decade later, cellphone processors had compute power of those ten 990s.

... trivia: rather than doing manually prepared database of origin/destination flts (non-stop, direct, up to two connects), I took the full 200+mbyte OAG of every flt segment and compressed into <30mbytes and instead of doing database lookup ... fixed it in memory at startup and did route searches (from some recent work done on chip circuit physical layout), pathlength that was enormously faster than database lookup ... and could keep going to find origin/destination requiring any number of connects. Maint involved the offline compression of the full OAG ,,, and then a few second rolling reload/restart of each system.

Part of the issue was the prepared database of directs & limited connects was somewhat left over from original implementation from 60s ... tech had significantly changed and could start from scratch with totally different implementation.

Posts mentioning OAG and redoing Routes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#6 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#71 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#63 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#42 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#0 IBM & SABRE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#44 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#109 Airlines Reservation Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#87 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#27 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#8 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#42 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#81 Hashing for DISTINCT or GROUP BY in SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#53 Article says mainframe most cost-efficient platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#80 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#73 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#22 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#42 Outsourcing your Computer Center to IBM ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#25 another item related to ASCII vs. EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#23 another item related to ASCII vs. EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#61 Up, Up, ... and Gone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#22 Bidirectional Binary Self-Joins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#22 3 value logic. Why is SQL so special?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#47 Gartner: Stop Outsourcing Now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#24 is a computer like an airport?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#24 Demo: Things in Hierarchies (w/o RM/SQL)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#61 64 bit X86 ugliness (Re: Williamette trace cache (Re: First view of Willamette))

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Air Traffic System

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Air Traffic System
Date: 26 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#8 Air Traffic System

While we were doing HA/CMP ... IBM had award to do upgraded air traffic control system ... and we were asked to sit in on one of the reviews when it was well into the project ... turns out during the review it came out they had made a major goof .. the net was assumption that redundant hardware would mask *ALL* failures ... and so the software didn't have to program for various contingencies ... however there were various kinds of human mistakes and other events that needed contingency handling (outside the realm of redundant hardware). It was never clear if they ever recovered and able to deploy anything.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

trivia: after leaving IBM we did work on a project with a company that had been formed by some of the people that had done the original IBM FAA ATC (whom I had never met while at IBM)
https://www.amazon.com/Brawl-IBM-1964-Joseph-Fox/dp/1456525514/
Two mid air collisions 1956 and 1960 make this FAA procurement special. The computer selected will be in the critical loop of making sure that there are no more mid-air collisions. Many in IBM want to not bid. A marketing manager with but 7 years in IBM and less than one year as a manager is the proposal manager. IBM is in midstep in coming up with the new line of computers - the 360. Chaos sucks into the fray many executives- especially the next chairman, and also the IBM president. A fire house in Poughkeepsie N Y is home to the technical and marketing team for 60 very cold and long days. Finance and legal get into the fray after that.
... snip ...

a few past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#73 The Brawl in IBM 1964
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#88 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#42 IBM Rusty Bucket
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#13 IBM Internal Network

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Air Traffic System

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Air Traffic System
Date: 26 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#8 Air Traffic System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#9 Air Traffic System

We had made some number of HA/CMP marketing trips to Europe and Far East ... in HK had stayed at business travelers hotel (on the HK island side near the post office & star ferry depot). The next trip to far east included HK followed by Sydney ... and we were told we had to say at a different hotel in HK (near to the star ferry depot on the Kowloon side). We arrive at HK airport and there is a hotel Bentley to pick us up. After HK, we were to catch a flt to Sydney ... when we get to airport checkin ... we were told we couldn't fly because we didn't have a Australian visa (never occurred to us since never had required a visa for any place else ... but it turns out that since US requires Australians to have US visas, Australia reciprocity requires US to have Australian visas). All other flts out of HK direct and connecting flts back to US are all booked. We call the hotel and they send the Bentley back to the airport to pick us up. It takes another week before we can get a flt booked back to the US (connecting flts through Japan and stop-over in Hawaii). Later reading a travel magazine ... there was article that listed the hotel as #1 in the world.

One of the IBMers teaches us how to get off the star ferry (next to the post office) and travel all over downtown business district w/o having to return to street level (useful during rainy season). We stay in contact after all of us have left IBM. He joins an executive head hunting firm and stays in the far east. Later he tells us his boss (back in the states) had been contacted by the IBM board to find the new IBM CEO.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
Date: 26 May 2021
Blog: Facebook

Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2021/05/video-elizabeth-warren-hammers-jpmorgan-chase-ceo-jamie-dimon-pandemic-overdraft-fees/
Watch Elizabeth Warren grill Jamie Dimon over pandemic overdraft fees. Democratic Senator Elizabeth Warren slammed Jamie Dimon during a Senate hearing for the $1.5 billion in overdraft fees that JPMorgan Chase collected from consumers during the pandemic
https://www.cnn.com/videos/business/2021/05/26/warren-dimon-overdraft-orig.cnn
Elizabeth Warren spars with JPMorgan Chase head Jamie Dimon on overdraft fees
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/bank-overdraft-fees-elizabeth-warren-jamie-dimon/
Warren calls for overdraft fee crackdown after blasting Dimon. "If the banks want to come in and claim that they're on the side of their customers, then it can't just all be words, they need to act," the Massachusetts Democrat said.
https://www.politico.com/news/2021/05/26/warren-overdraft-crackdown-dimon-491020
Elizabeth Warren Slams JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on Overdraft Fees. The bank collected nearly $1.5 billion in overdraft fees during the pandemic year
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/jamie-dimon-elizabeth-warren-overdraft-fees-1172610/

... AMEX president was in competition for the next CEO and wins. Looser leaves and take his prodigy to Baltimore acquiring what has been described as loan sharking business. They make some number of other acquisitions, eventually acquiring CITI in violation of Glass-Steagal. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they enlist some number in Washington to help them with repeal. One of the people is (90s) SECTREAS and after the ball is rolling on the repeal, SECTREAS resigns and becomes what was described at the time as co-CEO of CITI. The prodigy then leaves and becomes CEO of Chase. Between the two former AMEX employees, they are now CEOs of two of the four largest too big to fail involved in the economic mess.
https://www.counterpunch.org/2012/05/15/why-jamie-dimons-2-billion-gambling-loss-will-not-speed-financial-reform/
Weill's former assistant, Alison Falls, got it right at the time. "Hey guys," she is said to have remarked "this is the loansharking business."
... snip ...

... also on times list of those responsible for the economic mess.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877329,00.html

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Federal Reserve and/or fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#greenspan

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
Date: 27 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#11 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees

TARP Oversight
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oversight_of_the_Troubled_Asset_Relief_Program
One member chosen by the majority leader of the Senate (Harry Reid appointed Elizabeth Warren on November 14, 2008)

The first meeting of this board was held Wednesday, November 25, 2008, and elected Elizabeth Warren as the chairperson and Damon Silvers as deputy chairperson. As no assets had yet been purchased, (OFS instead chose to provide $250 billion to banks through the Capital Purchase Program) it is not clear whether the requirement to report after 30 days from "first asset purchase" has been violated.

... snip ...

The Warren Brief
http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/books/2014/04/21/140421crbo_books_lepore?currentPage=all
Larry Summers explains Washington to Elizabeth Warren in one sentence: "In the spring of 2009, after the panel issued its third report, critical of the bailout, Larry Summers took Warren out to dinner in Washington and, she recalls, told her that she had a choice to make. She could be an insider or an outsider, but if she was going to be an insider she needed to understand one unbreakable rule about insiders: 'They don't criticize other insiders.'"
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
Date: 27 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#11 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#12 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees

... in Jan1999 I was asked to help try and stop the coming economic mess (we failed). Some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L Crisis, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a couple billion, needed to fail to leave the field clear for the next round of IPOs) and were predicted next to get into securitized loans and mortgages. I was to improve the integrity of loan/mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. Then they found they could pay rating agencies for triple-A rating (when the agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony) enabling being able to do no-documentation, liar loans/mortgages; securitize the no-doc liar loans/mortgages, pay for triple-A, and sell into the bond market, did over $27T 2001-2008.

... after starting to pay rating agencies for triple-A on securitzed no-doc liar loan/mortgages, they also found that they could design securitized loans/mortgages to fail (& pay for triple-A rating selling off into the bond market) and then take out (CDS) gambling bets that they would fail. The largest holder of these CDS gambling bets was AIG. From truth is stranger than fiction, AIG was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar, when the SECTREAS steps in, says they have to pay off at face value, take TARP funds for for the payoffs, and sign a document that AIG can't sue those making the bets. The largest part of the $700B TARP funds was used by SECTREAS for AIG, and the largest recipient of CDS gambling bet payoffs was the firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

... this claims Larry Summers responsible for CDS being unregulated leading to the AIG mess
http://readersupportednews.org/opinion2/277-75/19459-larry-summers-goldman-sacked

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail ("too big to prosecute" "too big to jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
offbook triple-A rated, toxic (securtized loans&mortgage) CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

However, this claims it was #2 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess (along with his wife), originally as gift for ENRON:
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

Now better known for GLBA and repeal of Glass-Steagall (enabling Too Big To Fail, used as excuse for not holding TBTF accountable), but on the list for legislation blocking regulation of CDS gambling bets (derivatives). Born, chair for CFTC suggested regulating derivatives. Gramm's wife replaces Born, while Gramm gets legislation passed blocking derivative regulation), then his wife resigns to join Enron board (and audit committee).

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html
Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
... snip ...

https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/
A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this, the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in attendance fees
... snip ...

slightly different description: "Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right"
https://www.amazon.com/Dark-Money-History-Billionaires-RadicalRight-ebook/dp/B0180SU4OA/
loc2953-55:
The most fateful Mercatus Center hire might have been Wendy Gramm, an economist and director at the giant Texas energy company Enron who was the wife of Senator Phil Gramm, the powerful Texas Republican. In the mid-1990s, she became the head of Mercatus's Regulatory Studies Program.

loc2955-57:
There, she pushed Congress to support what came to be known as the Enron Loophole, exempting the type of energy derivatives from which Enron profited from regulatory oversight. Both Enron and Koch Industries, which also was a major trader of derivatives, lobbied desperately for the loophole.

loc2958-59:
Some experts foresaw danger. In 1998, Brooksley Born, chair of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, warned that the lucrative but risky derivatives market needed more government oversight.

loc2959-61:
But Senator Gramm, who chaired the Senate Banking Committee, ignored such warnings, crafting a deregulatory bill made to order for Enron and Koch, called the Commodity Futures Modernization Act.
... snip ...

Mercatus Center
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercatus_Center

regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
Date: 27 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#11 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#12 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#13 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees

note that the rhetoric in Congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, however it required that SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, they started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reports, even showing that they increased after SOX went into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanex-oxley
ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
financial reporting fraud postss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

less well known is that Sarbanes-Oxley also required SEC to do something about the credit rating agencies (that played pivotal role in coming economic mess, selling triple-A ratings on toxic CDOs ... when they knew they weren't worth triple-A ... significantly contributing to over $27T being sold into the bond market 2001-2008

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
offbook triple-A rated, toxic (securtized loans&mortgage) CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable
Date: 28 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable
https://www.pogo.org/testimony/2021/05/pogo-testimony-on-holding-the-oil-and-gas-industry-accountable/

more ...

ExxonMobil, Chevron investors vote for more action on climate change
https://techxplore.com/news/2021-05-exxonmobil-chevron-investors-vote-action.html
A Court Ruled Shell Is Liable for Its Contributions to Climate Change. What Happens Now?. The oil company is the first to be held individually liable, but climate-justice groups aim to ensure it isn't the last
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-features/shell-climate-change-oil-dutch-court-1175404/
Congress Climate Resiliancy Focus Limited to Military Bases
https://theintercept.com/2021/05/22/congress-climate-military/
We can't plant our way out of the climate crisis
https://www.fastcompany.com/90639454/we-cant-plant-our-way-out-of-the-climate-crisis
Beavers, the Landscape, Carbon, Methane, and Climate Change
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/05/beavers-the-landscape-carbon-methane-and-climate-change.html
No good decisions without good data: Climate, policymaking, the critical role of science
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-05/cf-e-ngd052621.php
Does your energy company take climate change seriously? A new report has the answer
https://techxplore.com/news/2021-05-energy-company-climate.html The
Climate crisis requires a new culture and politics, not just new tech
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/may/24/climate-change-crisis-culture-politics-technology

Merchants of Doubt (including climate change) postts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

other recent posts w/climate change references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#89 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#77 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#59 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#20 Beer, Brussels Sprouts, Bernie Madoff and Today's G.O.P
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#77 Meet the "New Koch Brothers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#83 Capital in the Twenty-First Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#82 What The Media Isn't Telling You About Texas Blackouts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#60 The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#52 Luxembourg Investigations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#24 Promtheus' Fire: Climate Change in the Time of Willful Ignorance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#5 Book: Kochland : the secret history of Koch Industries and corporate power in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Fri, 28 May 2021 12:21:57 -1000
00000047540adefe-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Bill Johnson) writes:
At GM, circa 1983-84, we had plants all over the country that worked off of a mainframe in Warren, Ohio. (Packard Electric) After the transition to EDS, those same plants worked off the mainframe in Charlotte, NC. (They moved multiple GM divisions there) Early cloud processing, outsourced to EDS. Now, any time I perform a banking transaction, it gets processed wherever the JP Morgan mainframe is located. If I access my photos, they are retrieved from Apple or Amazon at one of their DC's. The only difference is in 1984 you used a stationary PC or Terminal. Now you use a smaller PC called a laptop or phone.

took two semester hr intro to fortran/computers and then within a year, univ. hired me fulltime to be responsible for ibm mainframe systems. Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better moentize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities).

I thought renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world, couple hundred million in IBM 360s ... and 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room (747#3 was flying skies of seattle getting FAA flt certification). There was disaster plan to replicate renton datacenter up at the new 747 plant in Everett (aka another couple hundred million; scenario where Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud slide takes up the renton datacenter). When I graduate, I join the IBM Cambridge Science Center (rather than staying in the Boeing CFO office).

In the late 60s and early 70s, there had been spin-offs of the science center, offering online commercial computer services with (virtual machine) CP67. During this period there was great deal of effort expanding to 7x24 service ... including support for dark room unattended offshift online availability. The other was special terminal CCWs. 360s in this period were rented/leased with charges based on the system "meter" which ran whenever the CPU(s) and any channels were running. The special terminal CCWs were to allow the system meter to stop (when there was no activity) ... but "instantly on" whenever characters started arriving. Also, all processors and channels had to be completely idle for 400ms for the "system meter" to come to a stop.

The cloud megadatacenter analogy is stop using power/cooling when idle, but instantly on when needed, typical large cloud operator will have a dozen or more megadatacenters around the world, each megadatacenter will have over 500,000 server blades (each blade with something like ten times processor power of max. decked out IBM mainframe) with significant use fluctuation between low & peak demand.

Trivia: at least in late 70s, well after IBM mainframes changed to being sold instead of leased/rented, MVS still had a timer task that woke up every 400ms (making sure that system meter would never come to a stop).

At least two of the 60s science center spinoffs had quickly moved up the value stream into offering online services to the financial industry ... and had to demonstrate significant security ... making sure that competitors using the same systems couldn't evesdrop/compromise each other.

there were "portable" 2741 terminals from the 60s ... but they came in two 40lb suitcases. less than decade later, in 1977 I get a CDI miniterm ... portable that was only a few lbs.

Wasn't just the 60s outside online commercial service bureaus, the science center had to demonstrate significant security. Science center had ported APL\360 to CP67/CMS for CMS\APL (having to rewrite significant portions to change from 16kbyte real storage swapped workspaces to multimegabyte virtual memory demand paged workspaces ... and adding API for system services, like file i/o ... enabling real-world applications). CSC had enabled online access for staff, students and professors from various boston/cambridge area univ ... but then Armonk business planners started using CMS\APL remotely also ... and loaded the most valuable IBM business information on the system (and we had to demonstrate tight security especially with the dialup online non-IBM users).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
commercial online service bureau
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare
APL (&/or HONE) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
megadatacenter postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

We must have done a good job ... a couple years later (after joining science center), IBM got a new CSO (had come from gov. service at one time head of presidential detail) and I was asked to run around with him talking about computer security (while a little bit of physical security rubs off on me).

then there are the gov. agencies that I didn't hear about until later (this ref gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

GM trivia .... 1990, I was working with RS/6000 workstations and got asked to participate in the GM "C4" taskforce ... that was looking at how to better compete with foreign automakers ... they were planning on heavily leveraging IT ... and invited several vendors to send representatives. They described how GM was on a 7-8yr product cycle with two programs running in parallel offset 4yrs (so it would look like something new was coming out more often). Foreign competition had cut their product cycle to 4yrs in the first half of the 80s and were in the process of cutting it in half again (18-24months to deliver brand new product) ... much more agile and able to respond to changing buyer habits and/or technology. Offline I would ask the POK mainframe people how they could contribute since they had similarly long development cycles.

Poster child/example was 'vet ... it had tight internal tolerances under the "skin" ... and from initial design to rolling off the line, part makers would have changed their product lines ... and there was cases where they had to redesign in order to get the existing parts to fit.

c4 task force
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'
Date: 28 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'
https://www.cnn.com/2021/05/27/business/jamie-dimon-worker-shortage-jobs/index.html

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#11 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#12 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#13 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#14 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees

also

Business Roundtable Redefines the Purpose of a Corporation to Promote 'An Economy That Serves All Americans'
https://www.businessroundtable.org/business-roundtable-redefines-the-purpose-of-a-corporation-to-promote-an-economy-that-serves-all-americans
"The American dream is alive, but fraying," said Jamie Dimon, Chairman and CEO of JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Chairman of Business Roundtable. "Major employers are investing in their workers and communities because they know it is the only way to be successful over the long term. These modernized principles reflect the business community's unwavering commitment to continue to push for an economy that serves all Americans."
... snip ...

Elizabeth Warren: Business Roundtable declaration 'was just an empty publicity stunt'. America's top CEOs promised a more inclusive economy, then carried on business as usual. Enough with the press releases--it's time for real reform.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90557370/elizabeth-warren-business-roundtable-declaration-was-just-an-empty-publicity-stunt
Patagonia, Ben & Jerry's, and 30 other companies tell the Business Roundtable CEOs to put up or shut up. The group wants the new definition of the "purpose of a corporation" to be legally binding.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90395005/patagonia-ben-jerrys-and-30-other-companies-tell-the-business-roundtable-ceos-to-put-up-or-shut-up
Corporations Will Not Save Us: The Sham of Corporate Social Responsibility. American corporations are sacrificing workers and communities as never before in order to further boost runaway profits and unprecedented CEO pay. And not even a tragic pandemic is changing that.
https://www.commondreams.org/views/2020/05/05/corporations-will-not-save-us-sham-corporate-social-responsibility
Fixing Capitalism: Economic Epiphany
https://voxfairfax.com/2019/09/08/fixing-capitalism-economic-epiphany/
How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
https://johnhively.wordpress.com/2021/05/01/how-the-billionaires-corporate-news-media-have-been-used-to-brainwash-us/

Another study finds the Business Roundtable's revolutionary pledge didn't translate to action. The endless crises of 2020 were a perfect time to test whether companies were really ready to end shareholder primacy. They haven't done great.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90553830/another-study-finds-the-business-roundtables-revolutionary-pledge-didnt-translate-to-action
The Business Roundtable's August 2019 pledge to redefine the purpose of a corporation as one that "promote[s] an economy that serves all Americans" was seen as a historic step for corporate responsibility--and nothing has put that commitment to the test like the COVID-19 pandemic, the subsequent economic fallout, and the heightened attention on racial inequality over the past few months.
... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

other articles

How McKinsey Destroyed the Middle Class. Technocratic management, no matter how brilliant, cannot unwind structural inequalities.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/02/how-mckinsey-destroyed-middle-class/605878/
A new ideal of shareholder primacy, powerfully championed by Milton Friedman in a 1970 New York Times Magazine article entitled "The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits," gave the newly ambitious management consultants a guiding purpose. According to this ideal, in language eventually adopted by the Business Roundtable, "the paramount duty of management and of boards of directors is to the corporation's stockholders." During the 1970s, and accelerating into the '80s and '90s, the upgraded management consultants pursued this duty by expressly and relentlessly taking aim at the middle managers who had dominated mid-century firms, and whose wages weighed down the bottom line.
... snip ...

Does capitalism need a radical redesign to become more inclusive? Designer Nina Montgomery offers up three innovation challenges for leaders who say they want to broaden the purpose of business.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90448178/does-capitalism-need-a-radical-redesign-to-become-more-inclusive
At the beginning of the month, leadership of the World Economic Forum declared that Milton Friedman was wrong. The purpose of business, they said, is no longer to maximize shareholder profits above all else, but to consider multiple stakeholders and society more broadly.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Sat, 29 May 2021 11:28:05 -1000

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#16 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?

... note cloud operators have been claiming for over two decades that they assemble their own blade servers at 1/3rd the cost of brand name blades ... they had so radically reduced computer system costs that power/cooling was becoming major expense item (prompting demands for major improvements in processor power & cooling efficiency) large cloud operator with dozen or more megadatacenters around the world, each with half million or more blades, each blade with ten times the processing power of max'ed out mainframe.

About the time the major server chip vendors started saying they were shipping at least half their chips directly to cloud operators, IBM sells off its server system business. This was approx era of z196 mainframe (80 processors & 50BIPS, 625MIPS/proc) @$30M ($600,000/BIPS) ... and E5-2600 blades rated at 500BIPS (ten times max z196) and IBM had base list price for E5-2600 blade of $1815 ($3.60/BIPS, cloud assembling at 1/3rd would be $1.2/BIPS ... BIPS based on standard industry benchmark of number of iterations/sec compared to 370/158-3 assumed to be 1MIP).

old news articles that with credit card ... could automagically spin-up ondemand blade system for a few hrs ... as well as multiple blades or even blade supercomputer (thousands of blades, processing power ranking in the top50 supercomputers in the world, hundreds of TIPS, aka hundreds thousand BIPS, say equivalent of 5000 max configured z196 mainframes) ... special rates for prescheduled and/or off-peak use.

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017
z15, 190 processors, 190BIPS* (1000MIPS/proc), Sep2019

• pubs say z15 1.25 times z14 (150BIPS)


current server blades are well into multiple TIPS.

megadatacenter postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

recent z196 &/or e5-2600 postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#68 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#55 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#71 What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#64 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#56 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#55 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#4 3390 CKD Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#42 If Memory Had Been Cheaper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#102 MIPS chart for all IBM hardware model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#63 IBM 3330 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#53 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#48 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#9 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#60 S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#52 S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#25 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#79 How many years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#62 instruction clock speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#58 Bureaucracy and Agile

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1401 MPIO

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 1401 MPIO
Date: 29 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Semester after taking two (semester) hr intro to fortran/computers, I was hired as student programmer. Univ had been sold 360/67 for tss/360 to replace their 709/1401. Interim before 360/67 came in, the 1401 was replaced with 360/30. I was hired to rewrite 1401 MPIO (did unit record<->tape frontend for 709 tape->tape) in 360 assembler. I was to learn 360 principles of ops, 360 assembler, 360 hardware, design and implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage manager, etc. The univ would shutdown the datacenter from 8am sat. until 8am mon and I had the whole place to myself for 48hrs straight (although 48hrs w/o sleep could make monday morning classes a little hard). One of the first things I came to learn was before starting, clean all the tape drives, take apart the 2540 reader/punch and clean it, put it back together, clean the 1403 printer, etc (prowling around rack of IBM CE manuals in the machine room). Sometimes the operators had finished early and when I came in 8am sat., everything was powered off and dark ... and had to power it all back on. Periodically ran into problem where 360/30 hung and wouldn't complete powering on. More prowling IBM CE manuals and trial&error, found that I could put all the controllers in CE mode, individually power them on, power on the 360/30 ... and then take the controllers out of CE mode. After a couple months I had 2000 (assembler) card/statement program with conditional assembly statement that either generated the stand-alone version or the OS/360 version. The stand-alone version took about 30mins to assembler and the OS/360 version took an hour (DCB macros each took 5+mins to assemble, could even see when the assembler hit the DCB macros in front panel lights; could do card->tape and tape->printer/punch concurrently ... needed five DCBs, one for output tape and one for input tape, and one each for reader, punch & printer). This was somewhere around PCP v6(?).

Then I was hired fulltime responsible for mainframe systems within year of taking intro class ... one of first things was doing MFT v9.5 sysgen for 360/67 (running as 360/65, tss/360 never quite coming to production fruition). Then added HASP. With MFT v11 sysgen would tear stage2 card deck apart, reorging everything to carefully place datasets and PDS library members to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search. Also had enough 2314 drives that I could start doing sysgens (mostly) in production jobstream (rather than needing stand alone dedicated time with the "starter system").

trivia: after CP67 was installed at the univ for me to play with ... I was talking to people at LLNL (after cambridge, LLNL was 1st CP67 install, univ was at was 2nd) and found Joel Winnet and Frank Belvin had done LLMPS and contributed it to SHARE library (having lot more function than my MPIO) ... LLMPS was also used by Univ. Michigan for scaffolding initial MTS implementation.

recent MPIO &/or LLMPS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#47 Recode 1401 MPIO for 360/30
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#44 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#43 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#38 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#27 Learning EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#26 DEBE?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#81 Keypunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#19 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#14 The PDP11 and subsequent influences

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1401 MPIO

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 1401 MPIO
Date: 29 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#19 1401 MPIO

some of the CTSS people went to the 5th flr for project MAC and did MULTICS, others went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines CP67 (initially made virtual memory hardware mods on 360/40 and did CP40/CMS, before it morphs into CP67 (precursor to vm370) when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available, internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about beginning until sometime mid/late 80s, also used for corporate sponsored univ. BITNET, also larger than arpanet/internet for a time), lots of online apps, performance work, monitoring, models, early capacity planning, invented GML in 1969, morphs into SGML a decade later and after another decade morphs into HTML at CERN). trivia: 1st webserver in US was on SLAC's VM370 system:
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML/SGML/HTML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

At least two of the 60s science center commerical CP67 online spinoffs had quickly moved up the value stream into offering online services to the financial industry ... and had to demonstrate significant security ... making sure that competitors using the same systems couldn't evesdrop/compromise each other.

Before I graduate, I was hired fulltime into a small group in the BOEING CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (BCS), consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities. I thot Renton dataceenter was possibly largest in the world, a couple hundred million in IBM 360s, 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around the machine room (747#3 was flying skies of seattle getting flt certification). There was also disaster plan to replicate Renton (another couple hundred million) up at the new 747 plant in Everett (Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud flow takes out the Renton dataceenter). The CFO office had small datacenter up at Boeing field with 360/30 for payroll, they enlarge the machine room and install a 360/67 for me to play with (besides the other work around boeing). When I graduate, instead of staying in the CFO office, I join the science center in cambridge.

Another commercial online service offering virtual machine online service was TYMSHARE. In AUG1976, TYMSHARE started offering its CMS-based online computer conferencing system free to the IBM user group SHARE as VMSHARE ... archives online here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

commercial online service bureau posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... and there was various kinds of rivalry with the 5th flr. It wasn't fair to compare total number of VM370 customers with total number of MULTICS or even the total number of internal IBM VM370 customers ... but for a while, I had more internal enhanced product operating system customers than the total number of MULTICS that ever existed. One of my long time customers was the internal world-wide online sales&marketing support HONE systems. In the mid-70s the US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto. Trivia: when facebook 1st moves into silicon valley, it was into new bldg built next door to the former US HONE datacenter.

HONE &/or APL posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A People's Guide to the War Industry

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: A People's Guide to the War Industry
Date: 29 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
A People's Guide to the War Industry
https://consortiumnews.com/2021/05/24/a-peoples-guide-to-the-war-industry/
A People's Guide to the War Industry -2: Profits & Deception. Christian Sorensen maps out the global system of weapons mongering. Second in a series of five articles on the U.S. military-industrial-congressional complex.
https://consortiumnews.com/2021/05/26/a-peoples-guide-to-the-war-industry-2-profits-deception/
A People's Guide to the War Industry -3: Bribery & Propaganda. When war is your business, peace is your enemy, writes Christian Sorensen. Third in a five-part series on the military-industrial-congressional complex.
https://consortiumnews.com/2021/05/28/a-peoples-guide-to-the-war-industry-3-bribery-propaganda/

... very much Smedley Butler's "War Is A Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
... and "perpetual war" is preferred over actually winning.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

specific recent "war is a racket" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#96 How Ike Led

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
Date: 29 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
"IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?" from ibm-main mailing list (originating on BITNET in the 80s, now also gatewayed to usenet and google groups) ... archive on google groups
https://groups.google.com/g/bit.listserv.ibm-main/c/9XzXsb3ByUo

my posts in the discussion:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#16 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#18 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?

... note BITNET was (IBM) corporate sponsored univ. network starting in the early 80s ... using same technology as the internal network (originating at IBM cambridge science center) ... and "EARN" was the associated network in Europe.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_Research_Network

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the IBM internal network in the late 70s and early 80s (folklore is when corporate executive committee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me). Old archived email from IBMer assigned to implement/deploy EARN in Europe:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

asking about internal tools that could be made available on EARN. Early history about BITNET/EARN mailing list manager
http://www.lsoft.com/corporate/history-listserv.asp

... sort of subset of the official sanctioned internal software for online discussions (IBM "FORUMS").

IBM internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

past "lsoft" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#47 Subscription to Usenet groups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#10 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#85 z/VM Live Guest Relocation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#55 usenet history, was 1958 Crisis in education
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#63 EBCDIC Bad History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#53 online computer conferencing, was: System level coding examples
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#21 Online Computer Conferencing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
Date: 30 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#16 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#18 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#22 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?

... other long winded (in ibm-main post)

... z196 was about the last I've been seen with real live benchmarks (things got lot more obfuscated since then); z196 "peak I/O" benchmark (haven't found any later) ... it got 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS) showing I/O capacity of mainframe. Part of the issue was that about the same time there was a FCS announced for e5-2600 blades claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS having higher throughput than 104 FICON ... running over 104 FCS).

FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

some history: 1980, I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support for IBM STL (now SVL) ... which was already bursting at the seams and they were planning on moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with dataprocessing back to the STL datacenter. The group had tried "remote 3270" support and found the human factors totally unacceptable. The channel-extender support would allow channel attached 3270 terminal controllers at the offsite bldg (with no perceived difference in human factors between 3270s offsite and those in STL). The hardware vendor tries to get IBM to release my support, but there is a group in POK playing with some serial stuff that gets it vetoed (afraid that if it was in the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff released).

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

In 1988, LLNL (national lab) was working with some serial stuff and I get asked to help them get it standardized, which quickly becomes fibre-channel standard (FCS) ... including some stuff that I had done in 1980. The POK group finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON, when it is already obsolete. Then some POK engineers become involved with FCS and define a heavy-weight protocol for FCS that drastically cuts the native throughput that is eventually released as FICON.

Note that mantra about mainframes have enormous I/O capacity seemed to have appeared with 3090. Note in 70s, when I transferred to from CSC to SJR, I get to wander around a lot of silicon valley IBM and customer locations. One of the places was disk engineering and product test (bldgs 14&15) across the street. At the time, they were running prescheduled "stand-alone" testing around the clock. They said they had recently tried MVS ... but it had 15min mean-time-beween-failure (requiring manual re-ipl). I offered to redo the I/O subsystem to make it bullet-proof and never fail ... enabling any amount of ondemand, concurrent testing (greatly improving productivity). One of the downsides, when they had problems they would point their finger at me ... and typically that resulted in having to shoot their hardware issues. Eventually they also wanted me to sit in on all their conference calls with POK channel engineers. Bldg15 gets the first engineering 3033 (#3) outside POK (for channel I/O testing). Since I/O testing involves only a percent or two of the processor, we scavenge a couple strings of 3330 and a 3830 control unit and set up our own private online service on the 3033.

One monday morning, I get a call from bldg15 asking what had I done to the system over the weekend, online throughput and response had enormously degraded. I said nothing and we have a number of back&forth and eventually it comes out that somebody had replaced the 3830 with 3880. It turns out that while they added a special hardware path that could handle 3mbyte/sec data transfer ... the super-fast horizontal microcode engine in the 3830 had been replaced with a slow vertical microcode processor (JIB-prime) for the 3880 ... handle all control, CCW, channel interface ops ... resulting in radical increase in channel busy. Fortunately it still some time before box ships to customers so they start working hard on microcode tweaks to try and obfuscate the increased channel busy ... which works for 3033 and 3081 ... but doesn't work for 3090. 3090 engineers had designed the number of channels for balanced throughput ... assuming that 3880 controller had same channel busy characteristics as 3830 (but with 3mbyte/sec data transfer). To achieve the balanced throughput with 3880 controller increased channel busy, they would have to drastically increase the number of channels ... which incidentally required an additional TCM (joke was 3090 product was going to charge the 3880 group for the increase in 3090 manufacturing cost for the additinal TCM). Eventually marketing respins the drastic increase in 3090 channels as fantastic I/O machine (as opposed to off-setting the significant increase in 3880 controller channel busy).

getting to play disk enginner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

trivia: 3033 private service. The air-bearing simulation (for thin-film head design, originally show up on 3370 FBA) was being run on SJR 370/195 MVT machine ... but getting one or two week turn arounds (even with high priority, some things got 3month turn around). We get the air-bearing simulation moved over to the bldg. 15 3033 ... and even tho it had less than half the processing power as the 195, they were still able to get multiple turn arounds a day (rather than 2-3 turn arounds/month).

FBA, CKD, multi-track search, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

other trivia: I happen to write a (internal only) research report on the bullet proof I/O work done for bldg14&15 and happen to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... which brought down the wrath of the MVS organization on my head (informally told that they tried to have me separated from the company, when that didn't work they would try and make my career as difficult as possible ... joke was on them, I had already been told multiple times I had no IBM career).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Remains Big Tech's Disaster

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Remains Big Tech's Disaster
Date: 30 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
IBM Remains Big Tech's Disaster
https://247wallst.com/technology-3/2021/05/25/ibm-remains-big-techs-disaster/

well ... at least start with Future System in the first half of 1970s ... from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s:
and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat
...
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.
... snip ...

... other side effects, middle management and lower level executives learned to carefully manage the flow of information up. Other side-effects was during FS, 370 efforts were being shutdown and the lack of new 370 products is credited with giving the 370 clone makers a market foothold ... then with the demise of FS there is mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipeline, kick off quick&dirty 303x & 3081 efforts in parallel
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

IBM is being reorganized into the 13 "Baby Blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (gone behind paywall, but mostly living free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

we had left IBM but get a call from bowels of Armonk asking if we could help with the breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other units, which would be in different corporations after the breakup. All these MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts (before we get started, new CEO is brought in and reverses the breakup). Along the way (before the new CEO) we get email from former coworkers complaining that top executives weren't paying attention to running the business but totally focused on moving expenses from the following year to the current year. We ask our contact in Armonk. He says top executives (470? on executive bonus plan) won't get a bonus for the current year, but the way the bonus plan is written if they can move enough expenses from the following year, nudging it even slightly into the black, they will get a bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (aka, getting rewarded for having taken the company into the red).

AMEX had been in competition with KKR for LBO (private-equity) take-over of RJR. KKR wins but runs into problems with RJR and hires away the president of AMEX to help.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Then IBM Board hires away the AMEX ex-president as CEO who reverses the breakup and uses some of the PE techniques used at RJR (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Gerstner then leaves IBM to head up another major PE company, Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy (including buying the company that will employ Snowden) ... "barbarians at the capital" take-off on the earlier "barbarians at the gate"
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

Private Equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions

IBM had been turned into financial engineering enterprise (on steroids), Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

other triva along the way: late 80s a senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opened the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter wall and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. The disk division was seeing drop in disk sales with customers moving to platforms more distributed computing friendly. The disk division came up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group with their strategic stranglehold on datacenters. The communication group datacenter stranglehold not only affected disk sales but much of the rest of computing business ... and a couple years later, IBM goes into the red (and was being reorged into the 13 baby blues in preparation for breaking up the company).

communication group dumb terminal paradigm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable
Date: 31 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#15 POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable

Big Setbacks Propel Oil Giants Toward a 'Tipping Point'. A surprising mix of environmentalists, pension fund managers and big money investors have scored startling victories against oil and coal, opening new battle fronts in the climate fight.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/29/climate/fossil-fuel-courts-exxon-shell-chevron.html

More Than a Third of Heat Deaths Are Tied to Climate Change, Study Says. Sweeping new research found that heat-related deaths in warm seasons were boosted by climate change by an average of 37 percent.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/31/climate/heat-deaths-climate-change.html
Climate change to blame for 37 per cent of world's heat-related deaths
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2278919-climate-change-to-blame-for-37-per-cent-of-worlds-heat-related-deaths/

merchants of doubt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

recent posts mentioning climate change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#89 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#77 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#59 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#77 Meet the "New Koch Brothers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#83 Capital in the Twenty-First Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#60 The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#24 Promtheus' Fire: Climate Change in the Time of Willful Ignorance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#5 Book: Kochland : the secret history of Koch Industries and corporate power in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#150 How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#123 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#100 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#116 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#103 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#86 The Hottest July, How Climate Change is Breaking Temperature Records in 2019
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#50 Recent climate and heat news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#64 How to fight desertification and reverse climate change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
Date: 31 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/05/31/why-we-need-to-democratize-wealth-the-u-s-capitalist-model-breeds-selfishness-and-resentment/

The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/04/18/the-innocence-of-early-capitalism-is-another-fantastical-myth/
My inspiration for this examination is my recent reading of John Perkins' Confessions of an Economic Hit Man. Mr. Perkins, for those not familiar with his book, provides a first-hand account of how the U.S. government employs debt, financial entanglements, bribes, threats and finally violence and assassinations of national leaders who won't place their economies and resources under the control of U.S.-based multi-national corporations. That is no surprise to anyone paying attention, but the book became an improbable best seller, meaning there must have been many eyes opened. That can only be a positive development.
... snip ...

Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
Five Examples of How Economic Hit Men Still Operate Globally Today
https://www.bkconnection.com/bkblog/jeevan-sivasubramaniam/five-examples-of-how-economic-hit-men-still-operate-globally-today
More Confessions of an Economic Hit Man: This Time, They're Coming for Your Democracy
https://www.yesmagazine.org/economy/2016/03/18/more-confessions-of-an-economic-hit-man-this-time-theyre-coming-for-your-democracy
"Resource Curse" is one of the things attracting EHM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resource_curse
New Confessionsof an Economic Hit Man
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
pg89/loc1598-1601:
I knew what none of them could possibly know, that the corporatocracy, its band of EHMs, and the jackals waiting in the background would never allow the little guys to gain control. I only had to draw upon the examples of Arbenz and Mossadegh--and more recently, upon the 1973 CIA overthrow of Chile's democratically elected president, Salvador Allende. In fact, I understood that the stranglehold of global empire was growing stronger, despite OPEC--or, as I suspected at the time but did not confirm until later, with OPEC's help.
... snip ...

Why Capitalism Is in Constant Conflict With Democracy
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2020/08/why-capitalism-is-in-constant-conflict-with-democracy.html
False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/
The pitchforks are coming if we don't reform capitalism, says Davos founder
https://www.fastcompany.com/90553471/the-pitchforks-are-coming-if-we-dont-reform-capitalism-says-davos-founder
With Deutsche Bank's help, an oligarch's buying spree trails ruin across the US heartland. Secret transactions, lost jobs, worker injuries, gutted buildings, unpaid bills: Ihor Kolomoisky's untold American legacy.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/fincen-files/with-deutsche-banks-help-an-oligarchs-buying-spree-trails-ruin-across-the-us-heartland/
FinCEN Files: Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren join watchdog groups in calling for banking reforms. The senators want tougher consequences for banks and their executives who move money linked to crime and corruption.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/fincen-files/fincen-files-bernie-sanders-and-elizabeth-warren-join-watchdog-groups-in-calling-for-banking-reforms/
3-Count Felon, JPMorgan Chase, Caught Laundering More Dirty Money
https://www.counterpunch.org/2020/09/22/3-count-felon-jpmorgan-chase-caught-laundering-more-dirty-money/
Capitalism Can't Be Repaired, Coronavirus Shows Its Huge Weaknesses
https://www.counterpunch.org/2020/04/27/capitalism-cant-be-repaired-coronavirus-shows-its-huge-weaknesses/

World Bank Grapples With Study Linking Foreign Aid to Corruption
https://www.occrp.org/en/daily/11665-world-bank-grapples-with-study-linking-foreign-aid-to-corruption
How World Bank Arbitrators Mugged Pakistan. Thanks to the World Bank's flawed and corrupt investment arbitration process, the rich are making a fortune at the expense of poor countries. The latest shakedown is a $5.9 billion award against Pakistan's government in favor of two global mining companies for an illegal project that was never approved or carried out.
https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/world-bank-corrupt-arbitration-ruling-against-pakistan-by-jeffrey-d-sachs-2019-11
Rondonization: World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
https://www.brasilwire.com/rondonization-world-bank-dictatorship-and-the-amazon/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
Date: 31 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#27 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment

Corporations used to be for organizations that did things in the public interest. Almost from the start there has been efforts to allow corporations to operate in self-interest and then to give corporations "rights" (as people).

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

In the 1880s, Supreme Court were scammed (by the railroads) to give corporations "person rights" under the 14th amendment.
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiii/loc45-50:
IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business corporations too.
... snip ...

... testimony falsely claiming authors of 14th amendment intended to include corporations
pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.

pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
... snip ...

Railroaded
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pg77/pg1984-86:
By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.

pg510/loc10030-33:
The result was not only unneeded railroads whose effects were as often bad as beneficial but also corruption of the markets and the government. The men who directed this capital were frequently not themselves capitalists. They were entrepreneurs who borrowed money or collected subsidies. These entrepreneurs did not invent the railroad, but they were inventing corporations, railroad systems, and new forms of competition. Those things yielded both personal wealth and social disasters

pg515/loc10118-22:
The need to invest capital and labor in large amounts to maintain and upgrade what had already been built was one debt owed to the past, but the second one was what Charles Francis Adams in his days as a reformer referred to as a tax on trade. All of the watered stock, money siphoned off into private pockets, waste, and fraud that characterized the building of the railroads created a corporate debt that had to be paid through higher rates and scrimping on service. A shipper in 1885 was still paying for the frauds of the 1860s.
... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How a Payday Lender Partnered With a Native Tribe to Bypass Lending Laws and Get Rich Quick

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How a Payday Lender Partnered With a Native Tribe to Bypass Lending Laws and Get Rich Quick
Date: 31 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
How a Payday Lender Partnered With a Native Tribe to Bypass Lending Laws and Get Rich Quick. American Web Loan was set up as a tribal lender, but a class-action lawsuit reveals who controlled the company -- and made massive profits -- behind the scenes.
https://theintercept.com/2021/05/31/payday-lender-native-american-tribe-american-web-loan/
Ironically the Otoe-Missouria's own members could not borrow from the tribe's lender -- charging members such astronomical interest rates is illegal under the tribal criminal code.
... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

some past payday posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#98 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#19 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#37 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#53 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#58 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#37 New phone scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#41 Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#20 Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Quic gives the internet's data transmission foundation a needed speedup

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Quic gives the internet's data transmission foundation a needed speedup
Date: 31 May 2021
Blog: Facebook
Quic gives the internet's data transmission foundation a needed speedup. It's been eight years since Google first announced the technology to replace the internet's seminal TCP standard.
https://www.cnet.com/news/quic-gives-the-internets-data-transmission-foundation-a-needed-speedup/
Google's speedier internet standard is now an actual standard
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/google-quic-becomes-official-internet-standard-170000970.html
What you need to know about HTTP/2
https://www.engadget.com/2015-02-24-what-you-need-to-know-about-http-2.html

...

in the 80s, I was on the XTP Technical Advisory Board and one of the characteristics was a three packet minimum exchange for reliable transmission (compared to TCPs seven packet minimum exchange for reliable transmission). Also wrote in rate-based pacing as part of congestion control (had done in HSDT project in the first part of the 80s).

XTP/HSP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsdp

The last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP, it originally started out as HA/6000 for NYTimes to enable them porting their newspaper system (ATEX) from VAX/Cluster to IBM. When I started doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP. Old reference to Jan1992 meeting on commercial cluster scaleup in (Oracle CEO) conference room (16-way by mid-1992, 128-way by ye1992). http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13 Within a few weeks, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM Supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Sometime later, we are brought in as consultants into a small client/server startup. Two of the former Oracle people (in the Jan1992 Ellison meeting) are there responsible for something called "commerce server" and they want to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology they called "SLL", they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I had absolute authority on everything between servers and the financial payment networks ... but could only make recommendations on the browser/server side (and I repeatedly lost lots of those technology wars) ... including not using TCP for HTTP & HTTPS.

Within six months of increasing deployments and load ... web servers started spending almost all their time running the FINWAIT list (TCP keeps list of sessions in process of closing, and on every TCP packet serially searched the list to see if packet was part of closing session ... assumed FINWAIT would only have a few entries ... but with HTTP/HTTPS using it for each operation, FINWAIT was exceding several thousand entries).

HSDT was also working with NSF Director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually NSF releases an RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Internal IBM politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF Director tries to help by writting the company a letter (with support from other agencies) copying the CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.
... snip ...

as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

co-worker at IBM cambridge science center responsible for IBM internal network, technology later used for corporate sponsored univ BITNET network
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
later, we both transferred to IBM san jose research "IBM'S MISSED OPPORTUNITY WITH THE INTERNET" (gone behind paywall but lives free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
also Edson (passes Aug2020)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks "It's Cool to Be Clever:
The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM HSDT & HA/CMP

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
Date: 01 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
misc. cloud, cluster supercomputing. NSF & Internet ... recent postings:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#16 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#18 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#22 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#23 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#29 Quic gives the internet's data transmission foundation a needed speedup

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and the online sales & marketing support HONE system (which expanding to HONE clones world-wide). In mid-70s, US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto and enhanced to max loosely-coupled operation (max eight systems connected into large disk farm, 3330 strings, each connected to two 3830s, each 3830 with four channel connections). In the morph of CP67 to VM370, a lot of features/functions were dropped including CP67 multiprocessor support and lots of stuff that I had done as undergraduate. I eventually get around to migrating a lot of those CP67 to VM370 Release 2, during 1974 and then begin shipping a VM370 Release 3 "CSC/VM". Initially, for consolidated US HONE system up in Palo Alto, I add multiprocessor support to a VM370 release 3 CSC/VM ... enabling HONE to add a second processor to each of the eight systems, creating the largest, "single-system-image", loosely-coupled complex. The closest rival was possibly some Airline Res ACP(/TPF) loosely-coupled systems ... except TPF didn't have multiprocessor support until something like a decade later.

science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Then what first got me dragged into cluster supercomputing scaleup was Jan1979, I get con'ed into doing benchmarks on an engineering 4341 (over in disk product test, bldg15) for national lab that was looking at getting 70 for compute farm.

Then in 1980, I was con'ed into doing channel-extender support for STL (since renamed SVL) which was bursting at the seams and planning on moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with dataprocessing serevice back to STL datacenter.

channel-extender
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

This evolved into the HSDT project with T1 (1.5mbit/sec) and faster computer links. In the early 80s, we were working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputing centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually they release an RFP (in part based on what we already had running). IBM internal politics prevent us from bidding, the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other agencies), copying IBM CEO ... but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.
... snip ...

as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Also in the 80s, I become a member of the XTP Technical Advisory Board ... XTP was fast, high-speed alternative to TCP (including XTP has a minimum of 3 packet exchange for reliable session, compared to minimum of 7 packet exchange for reliable TCP session).

XTP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

Then in 1988, LLNL was working with some serial stuff and I was asked to help with getting it standardized, which quickly becomes fibre-channel standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980). In 1989, I get involved doing HA/6000, originally for NYTimes so that they could port their newspaper system (ATEX) from VAXCluster to RS/6000. I then rename project HA/CMP when I start working on technical/scientific cluster scalup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS. Early Jan1992, there is meeting in Ellison's (oracle CEO) conference room on cluster scaleup (16-way mid-1992, 128-way by ye-1992) ... old archived post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
other old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email920129

ha/cmp
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

then possibly within a few hrs, cluster scaleup is transfered for announce as IBM supercomputer and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors. we leave IBM a few months later

17Feb1992, IBM supercomputer for scientific and technical only
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992, national lab interest in cluster supercomputing caught IBM by surprise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM HSDT & HA/CMP

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
Date: 01 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#30 IBM HSDT & HA/CMP

... along the way, I was also blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the IBM internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) in the late 70s and early 80s ... folklore is when corporate executive committee was told about it ... 5of6 wanted to fire me. It really took off after distributed a trip report visiting Jim Gray at Tandem ... from IBMJargon:
http://www.comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

later versions removed the datamation ref. six copies of something like 300 pages were printed, packaged in TANDEM 3-ring binders and mailed to the executive committee ... part of the summary to the executive summary
SUMMARY OF THE SUMMARY

To give the reader an overview of what follows, I include here the most important points. It is impossible to do justice to the entire discussion in such a short summary of a summary

• The perception of many technical people in IBM is that the company is rapidly heading for disaster. Furthermore, people fear that this movement will not be appreciated until it begins more directly to affect revenue, at which point recovery may be impossible • Many technical people are extremely frustrated with their management and with the way things are going in IBM. To an increasing extent, people are reacting to this by leaving IBM. • Most of the contributors to the present discussion would prefer to stay with IBM and see the problems rectified. However, there is increasing skepticism that correction is possible or likely, given the apparent lack of commitment by management to take action • There is a widespread perception that IBM management has failed to understand how to manage technical people and high-technology development in an extremely competitive environment.

... snip ...

... note it wasn't quite so rapidly ... taking another decade.

computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM HSDT & HA/CMP

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
Date: 01 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#30 IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#31 IBM HSDT & HA/CMP

IBM is being reorganized into the 13 "Baby Blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (gone behind paywall, but mostly living free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

we had left but get a call from bowels of Armonk asking if we could help with the breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other units, which would be in different corporations after the breakup. All these MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts (before we get started, new CEO is brought in and reverses the breakup). Along the way (before the new CEO) we get email from former coworkers complaining that top executives weren't paying attention to running the business but totally focused on moving expenses from the following year to the current year. We ask our contact in Armonk. He says top executives (470? on executive bonus plan) won't get a bonus for the current year, but the way the bonus plan is written if they can move enough expenses from the following year, nudging it even slightly into the black, they will get a bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (aka, getting rewarded for having taken the company into the red).

... note ... there is significant overlap in the NSFNET supercomputer access network and the internet cloud as well as technology in cluster supercomputer datacenter and a cloud megadatacenter

megadatacenter postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How the world's richest defend their wealth, with help from a dedicated industry

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How the world's richest defend their wealth, with help from a dedicated industry
Date: 01 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
How the world's richest defend their wealth, with help from a dedicated industry. Author and scholar Chuck Collins offers an insider's account of the 'wealth defense industry' and the inequality it perpetuates in his new book, "The Wealth Hoarders."
https://www.icij.org/inside-icij/2021/06/how-the-worlds-richest-defend-their-wealth-with-help-from-a-dedicated-industry/
Redistributing Wealth Downward can Make Societies Richer
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/06/01/redistributing-wealth-downward-can-make-societies-richer/
Is a CEO Worth 1,000 Times the Median Worker? Companies were right to fear pay-ratio disclosure. It's embarrassing.
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2021-06-01/is-a-ceo-worth-1-000-times-the-median-worker

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Obama Was Always in Wall Street's Corner

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Obama Was Always in Wall Street's Corner
Date: 02 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
Obama Was Always in Wall Street's Corner
https://jacobinmag.com/2021/06/barack-obama-ezra-klein-nyt-wall-street-bailouts
Barack Obama is now trying to pretend he was a finance industry critic who was deeply pained by being forced to bail out Wall Street -- even though he was Wall Street's biggest cheerleader and enabler.
... snip ...

How Wall Street Killed Financial Reform; It's bad enough that the banks strangled the Dodd-Frank law. Even worse is the way they did it - with a big assist from Congress and the White House
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/how-wall-street-killed-financial-reform-20120510

For Dodd-Frank, industry lobbyists were providing drafts to be included in Dodd-Frank, some basic principles were to make it massive and complex, creating impossible task for regulatory bodies to turn into regulations. However other lobbyist drafts were submitted for Dodd-Frank, leaked, and then industry would have press releases how ridiculous the draft provisions were (part of "false flag" program discrediting the process)

Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street (gone 404, but lives on at waybank machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20180317171543/http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
Banks' Lobbyists Help in Drafting Financial Bills
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/
President Obama's Wall Street problem
https://www.politico.com/story/2012/05/obamas-wall-street-problem-076259

"Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.
... snip ...

also has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

EHM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail ("too big to prosecute", "too big to jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

some recent dodd-frank refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#60 Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#0 Congress Is About to Do a Big Favor for Private Equity Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#25 Congress Approves First Big Dodd-Frank Rollback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#26 House sends bill loosening banking regulations to Trump's desk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#35 How Two House Democrats Defended Helping the GOP Weaken Dodd-Frank Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#10 Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#37 You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#85 Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#49 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#142 Trump is deconstructing the government, one agency at a time

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dunning-Kruger meets fake news

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Dunning-Kruger meets fake news
Date: 02 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
Dunning-Kruger meets fake news. People who overrate their media saviness share more misleading material.
https://arstechnica.com/science/2021/06/dunning-kruger-meets-fake-news/

Conservatives more susceptible to believing falsehoods: study
https://phys.org/news/2021-06-susceptible-believing-falsehoods.html

Outbreak of Dunning Kruger Disease spreads to all 50 states
http://thesciencepost.com/outbreak-of-dunning-kruger-disease-spreads-to-all-50-states/
Scientists: Earth Endangered by New Strain of Fact-Resistant Humans
https://www.newyorker.com/humor/borowitz-report/scientists-earth-endangered-by-new-strain-of-fact-resistant-humans
The Dunning-Kruger Effect Shows Why Some People Think They're Great Even When Their Work Is Terrible
https://www.forbes.com/sites/markmurphy/2017/01/24/the-dunning-kruger-effect-shows-why-some-people-think-theyre-great-even-when-their-work-is-terrible/
What Is the Dunning-Kruger Effect?
https://www.verywellmind.com/an-overview-of-the-dunning-kruger-effect-4160740
Dunning-Kruger effect
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunning-Kruger_effect

past posts referencing dunning-kruger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#94 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#27 The Antiscience Movement Is Escalating, Going Global and Killing Thousands

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
Date: 03 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#40 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#51 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War

Boyd was instructor at Nellis and considered possibly best fighter pilot in the world, known as 40sec Boyd for challenging all comers, he would put them on his tail and reverse it within 40secs ... he always did it in 20secs, asked why "40secs", he said that there might be somebody in the world almost as good as he was and might need the additional time. He authored the training manual ("Aerial Attack Study") that came to be used by nearly every country in the world, even our adversaries.
https://tacticalprofessor.wordpress.com/2018/04/27/updated-version-of-boyds-aerial-attack-study/
Prior to Colonel Boyd's AAS, fighter combat was viewed by the majority of fighter pilots as an intuitive skill rather than one that could be codified. Some conceptual principles had been developed along with elementary tactics such as the Thach Weave, but Boyd was the one who wrote the definitive book. Only Major General Frederick "Boots" Blesse had preceded Colonel Boyd in writing a book, No Guts No Glory, about jet fighter combat. Major General Blesse's book wasn't the exhaustive treatise on the subject that the AAS was.

The most interesting aspect of Boyd's AAS is that it is conceptually the exact opposite of how 'the OODA-Loop' is popularly perceived. Boyd did not posit that we 'think faster' than the enemy. Rather, he showed that there were a set of decisions that were made in advance and then a choice of the appropriate decision made in the moment.

... snip ...

He invented E/M Theory and uses it to redo the original F15 design, cutting weight nearly in half. Then used for YF16 (F16), YF17 (F18) and A10
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy-Maneuverability_theory

By the time he passed in 1997, the USAF had pretty much disowned him and it was the Marines at Arlington. Surprise when USAF dedicates Boyd Hall at Nellis in 1999 (possibly because he was no longer around to plaque them) ... from the dedication of Boyd Hall, USAF Weapons School 17Sept1999:
There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question
... snip ...

1997 tribute to John
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
for those w/o subscription
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
other details
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patterns_of_Conflict
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf

Boyd posts & web refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Martial Arts "OODA-loop"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Martial Arts OODA-loop
Date: 03 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
Martial Arts OODA-loop

"Forty-Second Boyd" ... he never lost ... he always did it within 20secs ... asked why he specified 40sec, he replied that there might be somebody in the world almost as good as he was and he might need the extra time.

John Boyd - USAF. The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of Air Warfare
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm
During the 1950s, John Boyd dominated fighter aviation in the U.S. Air Force. His fame came on the wings of the quirky and treacherous F-100; the infamous "Hun." Boyd was known throughout the Air Force as "Forty-Second Boyd," because he had a standing offer to all pilots that if they could defeat them in simulated air-to-air combat in under 40 seconds, he would pay them $40. Like any gunslinger with a name and a reputation, he was called out many times. As an instructor at the Fighter Weapons School (FWS) at Nellis AFB, he fought students, cadre pilots, Marine and Navy pilots, and pilots from a dozen countries, who were attending the FWS as part of the Mutual Defense Assistance Pact.

Boyd was equally famous in the classroom where he developed the "Aerial Attack Study." Until Boyd came along, fighter pilots thought that air combat was an art rather than a science; that it could never be codified. Boyd proved them wrong when he demonstrated that for every maneuver there is a series of counter maneuvers. And there is a counter to every counter. Afterwards, when fighter pilots attacked (or were attacked), they knew every option open to their adversary and how to respond. After the study was declassified, foreign pilots passing through Nellis took it home where it changed the way every air force in the world flies and fights. Even today, more than 40 years later, nothing substantial has been added to the Aerial Attack Study.

... snip ...

Updated version of Boyd's Aerial Attack Study
https://tacticalprofessor.wordpress.com/2018/04/27/updated-version-of-boyds-aerial-attack-study/
Prior to Colonel Boyd's AAS, fighter combat was viewed by the majority of fighter pilots as an intuitive skill rather than one that could be codified. Some conceptual principles had been developed along with elementary tactics such as the Thach Weave, but Boyd was the one who wrote the definitive book. Only Major General Frederick "Boots" Blesse had preceded Colonel Boyd in writing a book, No Guts No Glory, about jet fighter combat. Major General Blesse's book wasn't the exhaustive treatise on the subject that the AAS was.

The most interesting aspect of Boyd's AAS is that it is conceptually the exact opposite of how 'the OODA-Loop' is popularly perceived. Boyd did not posit that we 'think faster' than the enemy. Rather, he showed that there were a set of decisions that were made in advance and then a choice of the appropriate decision made in the moment.

... snip ...

... aka "martial arts" OODA-loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patterns_of_Conflict
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
1997 tribute to John
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
for those w/o subscription
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

also "Fingerspitzengefuhl"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fingerspitzengef%C3%BChl
and Coup d'oeil
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coup_d%27%C5%93il
and EFBAS
https://slightlyeastofnew.com/2014/12/23/another-candidate-for-ebfas/

note: Boyd would present OODA-loop in terms of fingerspitzengefuhl and emphasize that obervations should be made from every possible facet (countermeasure to biases, aka observation, orientation, confirmation, cognitive, etc). I've suggested Boyd could plausibly have taken 1846 Halleck
https://www.amazon.com/Elements-Instruction-Fortification-Embracing-ebook/dp/B002RKSO9K/
loc5019-20:
A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.
... snip ...

changing "see" to "observe" and added "orientation" for experience and learning ... however others say they've seen no evidence that Boyd read Halleck

Boyd posts & web refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

specific posts mentioning OODA-loop:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#8 simple (&secure??) PW-based web login (was Re: Another entry in the internet security hall of shame....)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#42 Votes are coins stamped with the Red Queen's head
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#37 3 of the big 4 - all doing payment systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#13 On Leadership - negotiating the RTFM into the realm of forgotten schoolyard jokes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#17 On Leadership - negotiating the RTFM into the realm of forgotten schoolyard jokes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#3 Why Security Modelling doesn't work -- the OODA-loop of today's battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#5 Why Security Modelling doesn't work -- the OODA-loop of today's battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#7 Why Security Modelling doesn't work -- the OODA-loop of today's battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#10 Why Security Modelling doesn't work -- the OODA-loop of today's battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#58 Who do we have to blame for the mortgage crisis in America?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#61 Is Basel 2 out...Basel 3 in?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#66 Would the Basel Committee's announced enhancement of Basel II Framework and other steps have prevented the current global financial crisis had they been implemented years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#67 Would the Basel Committee's announced enhancement of Basel II Framework and other steps have prevented the current global financial crisis had they been implemented years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#70 VCs have a self-destruction gene, let's tweak it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#8 scheduling & dynamic adaptive ... long posting warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#22 CP spooling & programming technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#35 War, Chaos, & Business (web site), or Col John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#63 Java as a first programming language for cs students
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#64 Java as a first programming language for cs students
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#12 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#11 Mainframe System Programmer/Administrator market demand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#32 Mainframe System Programmer/Administrator market demand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#65 Dijkstra on "The End of Computing Science"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#77 'Boyd': A military Strategist's Emphasis on Speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#51 employee motivation & executive compensation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#0 employee motivation & executive compensation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#49 Losing colonies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#34 I am an ageing techy, expert on everything. Let me explain the
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#34 The Sling and the Stone & Certain to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#53 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#16 Code density and performance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#11 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#37 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#5 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#23 auto industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#43 Sprint backs out of IBM outsourcing deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#12 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#25 Caller ID "spoofing"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#29 Mainframe Linux Mythbusting (Was: Using Java in batch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#25 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#34 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#35 Boyd, Metcalfe, and Amdahl all in one article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#34 IBM obsoleting mainframe hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#91 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#2 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#21 No Glory for the PDP-15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#85 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#87 Computer Science Education: Where Are the Software Engineers of Tomorrow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#28 No Glory for the PDP-15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#9 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#51 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#72 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#4 CDOs subverting Boyd's OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#11 Hannaford case exposes holes in law, some say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#34 WWII supplies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#8a Using Military Philosophy to Drive High Value Sales
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#28 subprime write-down sweepstakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#32 subprime write-down sweepstakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#49 subprime write-down sweepstakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#51 subprime write-down sweepstakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#63 how can a hierarchical mindset really ficilitate inclusive and empowered organization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#65 Is a military model of leadership adequate to any company, as far as it based most on authority and discipline?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#89 Credit Crisis Timeline
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#4 A Merit based system of reward -Does anybody (or any executive) really want to be judged on merit?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#31 Mastering the Dynamics of Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#65 How do you manage your value statement?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#75 Outsourcing dilemma or debacle, you decide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#16 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#4 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#12 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#21 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#52 Are family businesses unfair competition?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#93 What do you think are the top characteristics of a good/effective leader in an organization? Do you feel these characteristics are learned or innate to an individual?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#4 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#6 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#39 Wrapping up the FBEMBA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#44 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#49 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#56 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#58 Traditional Approach Won't Take Businesses Far Places
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#69 Another quiet week in finance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#14 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#17 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#46 The Pattern of Engagement in High Value Sales Campaigns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#44 Executive pay: time for a trim?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#43 Evil weather
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#61 Does IBM host guest speakers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#74 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#88 Slow down to go faster!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#3 Slow down to go faster!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#31 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#30 Timeline: 40 years of OS milestones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#73 Most 'leaders' do not 'lead' and the majority of 'managers' do not 'manage'. Why is this?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#31 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#35 US banking Changes- TARP Proposl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#40 Time zones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#31 OODA-loop obfuscation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#5 mainframe replacement (Z/Journal Does it Again)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#3 IBM interprets Lean development's Kaizen with new MCIF product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#10 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#11 IBM interprets Lean development's Kaizen with new MCIF product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#25 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#34 Mission Control & Air Cooperation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#65 Infosec As a Form of Asymmetric Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#37 Young Developers Get Old Mainframers' Jobs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#67 I would like to understand the professional job market in US. Is it shrinking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#38 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#51 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#62 Did anybody ever build a Simon?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#10 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#17 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#28 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#14 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#43 Daylight Savings Time again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#39 Agile Workforce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#47 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#20 Would you fight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#55 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#70 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#20 How many mainframes are there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#32 Death by Powerpoint
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#48 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#54 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#57 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#84 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#16 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#59 z196 sysplex question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#11 The Scariest Company in Tech
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#21 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#60 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#65 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#70 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#74 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#7 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#49 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#76 The Difficulty of Proving Financial Crimes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#80 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#82 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#1 Why we build big computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#2 "Compound threats" to appear in 2011 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#3a The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#11 Card Fraud: 'Flash Attacks' and Wireless Transmissions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#14 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and mayby even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#61 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#0 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#39 The FreeWill instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#55 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#84 The Imaginot Line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#94 The Curly Factor -- Prologue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#90 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#21 Eurofighter v F16
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#23 Eurofighter v F16
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#39 Zen and Connaturality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#71 TEMPO Timing, Tactics and Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#27 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#51 The OODA-loop "exit"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#57 Low Carb Mavericks, John Boyd and the Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#8 Why did the OODA-loop tactic grow into a strategy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#59 Why did the OODA-loop tactic grow into a strategy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#61 Why did the OODA-loop tactic grow into a strategy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#3 Preparing for Boyd II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#10 Preparing for Boyd II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#85 The Grand Message in the Conceptual Spiral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#63 UAV vis-a-vis F35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#65 Can anyone offer some insight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#66 Goodbye, OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#72 Goodbye, OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#8 Goodbye, OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#20 UAV vis-a-vis F35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#21 Goodbye, OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#51 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#90 There is much we can learn from TE Lawrence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#7 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#49 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#16 John Robb on the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#33 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#52 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#59 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#60 Spontaneous conduction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#69 Perspectives: Looped back in
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#101 Perspectives: Looped back in
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#104 Ruminating on Strategic Thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#129 Perspectives: Looped back in
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#3 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#28 The feedback economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#95 Can anyone offer some insight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#104 Can a business be democratic? Tom Watson Sr. thought so
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#26 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#88 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#14 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#55 Do you know where all your sensitive data is located?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#14 Are mothers naturally better at OODA because they always have the Win in mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#15 Why do people say "the soda loop is often depicted as a simple loop"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#88 Developing a Disruptive Mindset
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#23 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#52 Does the Experiencing Self "Out-OODA" the Remembering Self?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#64 Your Words Determine your Perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#13 Organizational Hierarchy; Adapting Old Structures to New Challenges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#8 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#19 SnOODAn: Boyd, Snowden, and Resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#20 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#25 Two Articles of Interest on Culture and Things to Look For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#35 Has anyone looked at ORIENTATION using the metaphor of 'An Adaptive Toolbox'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#40 Core characteristics of resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#64 Guest Post: Beakley on Boyd, Aerial Combat and the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#8 Initial ideas (orientation) constrain creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#16 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#28 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#38 Russia to buy no more foreign drones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#45 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#49 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#39 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#12 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#68 Boyd's cycle: the path to guaranteed success + 6 big companies as evidence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#7 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#48 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#61 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#75 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#76 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#23 "There IS no force, just inertia"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#28 The Reformers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#69 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#101 Boyd Blasphemy: Justifying the F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#52 Bridgestone Sues IBM For $600 Million Over Allegedly 'Defective' System That Plunged The Company Into 'Chaos'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#22 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#35 OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#33 Long lived code? Long live long lived code!?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#93 Oligarchy Controls U.S. War-Making
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#25 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#13 IBM & Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#118 By the time we get to 'O' in OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#175 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#66 fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#20 Living With Fog and Friction: The Fallacy of Information Superiority
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#2 Does OODA-loop observation carry a lot of baggage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#56 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#70 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#10 Boyd OODA-loop Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#14 New words, language, metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#41 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#14 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#33 OODA-loop and virtual machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#35 OODA-loop and virtual machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#57 Boyd F15, F16, F20
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#4 OODA in IT Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#79 An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#92 An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#93 An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#99 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#9 Six Sigma
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#52 Boyd's OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#54 Boyd's OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#60 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#63 Real World OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#93 The U.S. Military Believes People Have a Sixth Sense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#100 Why CEO pay structures harm companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#8 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#23 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#36 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#83 Bureaucracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#5 Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#6 A Theory of Reality as More Than the Sum of Its Parts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#32 progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#53 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#2 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#74 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#75 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#9 Origin of Term "User Friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#10 architectural levels, was OS-9
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#24 The Ultimate Guide to the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#37 A Methodology for Identifying lessons learned
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#39 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#111 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#57 Accelerate Your OODA-Loop with Threat Intelligence and Orchestration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#61 Accelerate Your OODA-Loop with Threat Intelligence and Orchestration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#68 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#84 Two Vietnams: Ken Burns' and Ours
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#8 How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#27 The Medici Effect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#50 OT: Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#67 Donald Trump, Gun-Runner for Hire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#24 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#24 JOHN BOYD AND THE "OODA" LOOP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#55 Bureaucracy and Agile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#61 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#69 Digital Planes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#34 Why "Many-Model Thinkers" Make Better Decisions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#36 Why "Many-Model Thinkers" Make Better Decisions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#38 Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#95 Why hiring the 'best' people produces the least creative results
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#20 The Book of Five Rings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#30 Coup D'Oeil: Strategic Intuition in Army Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#55 The Threat Actor You Can't Detect: Cognitive Bias
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#59 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#67 Range
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#100 Destruction of Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#7 ISO9000, Six Sigma
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#0 IBM "Wild Ducks"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#45 Boyd, OODA-loop and Agile Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#51 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#36 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Microsoft's Irish subsidiary paid zero corporation tax on $315bn profit

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Microsoft's Irish subsidiary paid zero corporation tax on $315bn profit
Date: 04 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
Microsoft's Irish subsidiary paid zero corporation tax on $315bn profit. Microsoft Round Island One is 'tax resident' in Bermuda, with no employees except directors
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jun/03/microsoft-irish-subsidiary-paid-zero-corporate-tax-on-220bn-profit-last-year

2002, congress allows fiscal responsibility act to expire (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report was in the interim (2003 thru 2009), tax revenue was cut $6T and spending increase $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (1st time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase. By 2005, the U.S. Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for what they were doing to the budget). Since then, taxes haven't been restored, so debt continues to increase.

In addition to lots of complaints by Comptroller General about the turn of the century congress had lost their (budget) mind ... 2008 there was (CBS) TV broadcast of roundtable at annual economist conference on the subject of congress becomes the most corrupt institution on earth ... primarily for the selling of tax loopholes. Primary focus was on "flat tax" as countermeasure to the rampant corruption (selling tax loopholes). Semi-joke was that major entity lobbying against it was the country of Ireland; one of the new loopholes was being able to move US profits to offshore tax haven ... the country of Ireland was a major beneficiary .... Irish "shoebox" corporations, i.e. Irish corporations that consisted of little more than shoebox containing incorporation papers ... but were booking hundreds of billions in US (and other country) profits.

tax fraud, evasion, avoidance, havens, loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
comptroller general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
too big to fail ("too big to prosecute", "too big to jail")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Bipartisanship' Is Dead in Washington

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'Bipartisanship' Is Dead in Washington
Date: 04 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
'Bipartisanship' Is Dead in Washington. That's Fine. Why the halo around an idea that barely worked when it existed?
https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2021/05/28/bipartisan-congress-dead-washington-491372

On CNN, Fareed called out political strife and conflict got much worse with speaker Gingrich. In Jan1999, after we were asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). One of the things we were told was that there has always been conflict between the two parties, but they could put their differences aside and come together to do things for the country. Gingrich weaponized the political process, everything came to be about party advantage (the other party had to loose even if it damaged the country), and the level of party conflict and strife got significantly worse.

The Man Who Broke Politics; Newt Gingrich turned partisan battles into bloodsport, wrecked Congress, and paved the way for Trump's rise. Now he's reveling in his achievements.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/11/newt-gingrich-says-youre-welcome/570832/
How Newt Gingrich Crippled Congress. No single person bears more responsibility for how much Americans hate Congress than Newt Gingrich. Here's what he did to it.
https://www.thenation.com/article/how-newt-gingrich-crippled-congress/
'Combative, Tribal, Angry': Newt Gingrich Set The Stage For Trump, Journalist Says
https://www.npr.org/2018/11/01/662906525/combative-tribal-angry-newt-gingrich-set-the-stage-for-trump-journalist-says

Note during Obama's first term, republican members of congress repeatedly claimed in public that their primary goal was to make sure Obama didn't have a 2nd term (... and doing everything possible to obstruct all legislative efforts)

How did the anti-Obama gridlock begin?
https://www.westport-news.com/opinion/article/Out-of-the-Woods-How-did-the-anti-Obama-gridlock-5903177.php
While all of the nation's top officials were celebrating the inauguration, twelve senior Republican Congressmen held a secret meeting in a famous D.C. restaurant to plot a strategy to sabotage the president as he planned to improve the economy and the unemployment situation.

Newt Gingrich, former speaker of the House and presidential candidate, along with Paul Ryan, who attended the meeting, confirmed the agenda. Their goal was to make sure President Obama was a one-term president no matter how badly it hurt the country and its people.

... snip ...

The GOP's no-compromise pledge
https://www.politico.com/story/2010/10/the-gops-no-compromise-pledge-044311
Here's John Boehner, the likely speaker if Republicans take the House, offering his plans for Obama's agenda: "We're going to do everything -- and I mean everything we can do -- to kill it, stop it, slow it down, whatever we can." Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell summed up his plan to National Journal: "The single most important thing we want to achieve is for President Obama to be a one-term president."
... snip ...

GOP leader's top goal: Make Obama 1-term president. The Senate's Republican leader has a simple postelection message for President Barack Obama: Move toward the GOP or get no help from its lawmakers.
https://www.nbcnews.com/id/wbna40007802
Mitch McConnell under fire for saying top priority is making Obama one-term president
https://www.tevitroy.org/8245/mcconnell-under-fire
Strict Obstructionist, Mitch McConnell is a master manipulator and strategist--the unheralded architect of the Republican resurgence. Now that his relentless tactics have made his party victorious, he is poised to take down the president and win the Senate majority he covets--if he can fend off the Tea Party and keep his own caucus together.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2011/01/strict-obstructionist/308344/
When did McConnell say he wanted to make Obama a 'one-term president'?
https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/fact-checker/post/when-did-mcconnell-say-he-wanted-to-make-obama-a-one-term-president/2012/09/24/79fd5cd8-0696-11e2-afff-d6c7f20a83bf_blog.html
The Victory of 'No'. The GOP's unprecedented anti-Obama obstructionism was a remarkable success. And then it handed the party to Donald Trump.
https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/12/republican-party-obstructionism-victory-trump-214498/
Mitch McConnell Brags About Blocking Obama For 2 Years, Then Laughs About It
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/mitch-mcconnell-blocks-obama-laughs_n_5df32430e4b0deb78b517322
How the Republican Party Went Feral. Democracy is now threatened by malevolent tribalism.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/04/opinion/trump-republican-party.html

some Gingrich, Boehner, and/or McConnell posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#136 Gingrich urged yes vote on controversial Medicare bill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#91 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#28 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#40 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#45 What is ALEC? 'The most effective organization' for conservatives, says Newt Gingrich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#21 Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#29 How the Republican Party Went Feral. Democracy is now threatened by malevolent tribalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#51 In Biden's recovery plan, an overdue rebuke of trickle-down economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#93 How 'Owning the Libs' Became the GOP's Core Belief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#4 The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#1 Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#11 George W. Bush Can't Paint His Way Out of Hell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#29 US tax plan proposes massive overhaul to audit high earners and corporations for tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#93 Treasury calls for doubling IRS staff to target tax evasion, crypto transfers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Mainframe

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Mainframe
Date: 05 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
Note 1st half of 70s, IBM is doing Future System, completely different than 370 and to completely replace it ... during FS, internal politics were shutting down 370 efforts (and the lack of new 370 is credited with giving 370 clone makers a market foothold). When FS implodes, there is mad rush to get stuff back into product pipeline ... FS info (with some reference to demise of FS, and getting stuff back into 370 product pipeline, quick&dirty 303x and 3081 efforts kicked off in parallel)
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

303x channel director is 158 engine with integrated channel microcode (and no 370 microcode), 3031 is two 158-3 engines, one with just 370 microcode and 2nd with just channel microcode (3031MP is four 158-3 engines). 3032 is 168-3 reworked to just use channel director for external channels, 3033 starts out 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips (other tweaks gets it up to 1.5 times 168-3).

from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s ...
and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat
...
but because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.
... snip ...

another side effect, middle management and lower level executives learned to carefully manage the flow of information up.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

I'd gotten involved with effort to do a 16 engine 370 multiprocessor and con the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time ... "everybody" thot it was great ... then somebody tells the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite operating system (MVS) has effective 16-way support ... some of us are then told to never visit POK again and the 3033 engineers were told to get their noses back to the grind stone (IBM doesn't ship 16-way until turn of the century, nearly 25years later with z900)

SMP/multiprocessor posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

Not long later, I transfer from science center to San Jose Research and allowed to wander around IBM & customer locations in silicon valley. One of the places is disk engineering & product test (bldg 14&15 across the street) ... they were doing stand-alone, prescheduled 7x24 mainframe testing (they said that they had tried doing testing under MVS, but it had 15min mean-time-between-failures, requiring manual re-ipl). I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor, making it bullet proof and never fail ... allowing any amount of ondemand, concurrent testing ... downside was that I'd get blamed for problems and had to spend increasing amount of time shooting their hardware problems.

At one point they tried to do something with 3880 that violated channel architect ... and they didn't believe me ... insisting that I sit in on conference call with POK channel engineers. After that they wanted me on all those calls. I then wrote an internal IBM report on the effort and results which happened to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... bringing down the wrath of the MVS org. on my head ... offline I was told they even attempted to have me separated from the IBM company, when that didn't work, they tried to damage my IBM career as much as possible (joke is on them, I'd been repeatedly told that I had no career in IBM).

Bldg. 15 gets first engineering 3033 outside of POK (serial 3 or 4?) for channel I/O testing. Testing is only percent or two of CPU ... so we set up our own private online service, find couple spare strings of 3330 disk and 3830 controller ... ther are then a few of us that have as much 3033 as we could possibly use. Air bearing simulation (part of design of thin-film "floating" heads, initially appear with 3370 FBA) is being run on SJR's 370/195 MVT ... but even with high priority is getting only a couple turn-arounds a month. We get setup over on the bldg 15 3033 and although it is less than half of processing performance of 195, they can get multiple turn arounds a day.

getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Mainframe

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Mainframe
Date: 05 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#40 IBM Mainframe

... lots of common technology in desktop PCs and server PCs ... large cloud operator will have dozen or more megadatacenters, each with over half million blade servers ... each server handling large number of different tasks.

z196 seemed to have been the last where there were real live benchmark numbers ... since then things got a lot more obfuscated ... getting percents from previous machines.

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017
z15, 190 processors, 190BIPS* (1000MIPS/proc), Sep2019

• pubs say z15 1.25 times z14 (150BIPS)

for comparison z196 era blade was e5-2600 benchmarked at 500 BIPS (industry standard benchmark based on number of iterations compared to 370/158-3 assumed to be 1MIP). Max configured z196 (50BIPS) had IBM price around $30M or $600,000/BIPS while IBM base list price was $1815 for E5-2600 blade (or $3.60/BIPS).

Note that large cloud operators claimed for a couple decades they assemble their own blades at 1/3rd the price of brand name blades (or $1.20/BIPS). It was around that time that server chip vendors were saying that they were shipping at least half their product directly to large cloud operators and IBM unloads its server business. Blade performance has more than tracked mainframe performance ... and current server blades are now multiple TIPS (thousands of BIPS ... compared to 190BIPS for max configured z15).

megadatacenter postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

recent posts mentioning e5-2600
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#42 If Memory Had Been Cheaper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#4 3390 CKD Simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#55 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#0 Will The Cloud Take Down The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#64 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#71 What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#55 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#68 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#18 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#23 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Mainframe

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Mainframe
Date: 05 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#40 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#41 IBM Mainframe

1980, I'm con'ed into doing channel-extender support for STL (now SVL), bursting at the seams and moving 300 people from IMS group to offsite bldg with dataprocessing back to STL datacenter. They tried "remote 3270" and found human factors totally unacceptable. Channel-extender allows channel-attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg with no difference in human factors offsite and in STL. Hardware vendor tries to get IBM to release my support, but there is group in POK playing with some serial stuff and afraid if it was in the market, it would make it more difficult getting their stuff released (and get it vetoed).

In 1988, LLNL is playing with some serial stuff and I'm asked to help them get it standardized, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard ("FCS", with some stuff I had done in 1980). Then POK people finally get their stuff release in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already obsolete.

Then some POK engineers start play with FCS and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically cuts the native throughput which is finally released as FICON. The most recent public benchmark I can find is "peak I/O" for z196 that gets 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS). About the same time there was FCS announced for e5-2500 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS have higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 FCS).

note ... mainframes typically still required CKD DASD ... even though no real CKD has been made for decades, all being simulated on industry standard disks ... as well as FICON is heavy-weight protocol (drastically cutting native throughput) running on industry standard FCS.

blade servers with with ten (or more) times the processing of max configured mainframe ... directly using native FCS and disks w/o the mainframe overhead simulation of antiquated technology.

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
ficon posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon
dasd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Mainframe

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Mainframe
Date: 05 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#40 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#41 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#42 IBM Mainframe

took two semester hr intro to fortran/computers. Univ had 709/1401 .... 1401 was unit record front end for 709 tape->tape, physically move tapes between 709 drives and 1401 drives. student fortran jobs ran less than second each with 709 monitor running tape->tape.

end of semester, I get student programming job to rewrite 1401 "MPIO" (card->tape, tape->printer/punch) for 360/30. Univ. is sold 360/67 (supposedly for tss/360, replacing 709/1401). Interim the 1401 is replaced with 360/30 (and 1401 unit record moved to 360/30) ... able to directly run MPIO in 1401 hardware emulation ... but apparently this is exercise in getting acquainted with 360. I learn 360, principles of ops, 360 hardware, design and implement my own monitor, interrupt handlers, device drivers, error recovery, storage management, etc. After two months I have box of cards, 2000 assembler statements, can concurrently do card->tape and tape->printer/punch. Univ shuts down datacenter from 8am sat until 8am mon, and I have whole place dedicated to myself (although 48hrs w/o sleep makes monday morning classes hard). One of the first things I learned is to start the weekend cleaning all the tape drives, take apart the 2540 reader/punch for cleaning, and clean the 1403-N1.

eventually 360/67 comes in to replace 709 & 360/30 ... but tss/360 never comes to production fruition ... so runs os/360 and I've been hired fulltime to be responsible for mainframe system. Student fortran jobs start out over minute each with fortgclg (compared to less than second each with 709 tape->tape monitor). I install HASP which cuts time approx. in half. I then start doing carefully constructed stage2 sysgen ... to optimize disk placement of files and PDS members (optimize arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search) which cuts by nearly another third to 12.9sec (still greater than 709 subsecond). Part of presentation I gave at 1968 SHARE on both OS/360 optimization ... and some major rewrite I did to CP67 (precursor to vm370) I did playing with CP67 on weekends during spring and summer of 1968: http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Elapsed time is almost all enormous number of PDS member loading (SVCLIB & LINKLIB) for job step and file open/close. OS/360 (running 360/67 as 360/65) student job doesn't beat 709 tape->tape, until WATFOR is installed ... single step fortran monitor ... typically feed a tray of student jobs (40-60 jobs, similar to 1401/709, tray of student jobs to tape, moved to 709 and then processed tape->tape). Single-step WATFOR is little over 4secs (1/3rd 12.9) and then WATFOR runs around 20,000 cards/min (on 360/65) ... or 333 cards/sec.

also at the univ, Within a year of taking two semester hr intro to fortran/computers, univ hires me fulltime responsible for mainframe systems. Univ library then gets ONR (office naval research) grant to do online catalog and some of the money is used to get 2321. Online catalog is also selected as beta test for original CICS product and debugging CICS is added to tasks (one of first problems is CICS had some hard coded BDAM file options which weren't documented and library had built files with different options ... and no indication why files wouldn't open on startup). In the 90s (after leaving IBM) am doing a project with one of the former IBM engineers that developed 2321 (trivia: also married the lab director's daughter).

cics &/or bdam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

some recent posts mentioning watfor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#86 OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#104 OS/360 PCP JCL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#28 CICS Turns 50 Monday, July 8
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#19 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#26 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#64 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#37 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#19 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#21 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#32 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#33 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

some recent posts mentioning MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#21 ESG Drives a Stake Through Friedman's Legacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#81 Keypunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#10 How Ike Led
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#76 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#27 Learning EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#38 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#43 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#44 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#47 Recode 1401 MPIO for 360/30
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#95 Larry Summers, the Man Who Won't Shut Up, No Matter How Wrong He's Been
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#17 Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#19 1401 MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#20 1401 MPIO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Mainframe

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Mainframe
Date: 05 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#40 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#41 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#42 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#43 IBM Mainframe

3380 trivia: original had 20 track spacings between each data track, that was cut in half (and double capacity and double the cylinders) to 10 track spaces, data track spacings were cut again (to triple capacity and triple the cylinders).

mid-80s, the "father" of risc comes up with the idea of "wide" disk head and cons me into helping to try and get it implemented ... handles 18 tracks simultaneously, format is 16 data tracks plus servo track ... "wide-head" concurrently processes the 16 data tracks and the two servo tracks, one on either side. The issue is no IBM system supports 16*3mbyte/sec (48mbyte/sec) data transfer.

Later we get FCS (full-duplex, initially 1gbit/sec concurrent in each direction, 200mbyte/sec aggregate) cards for RS/6000 ... and can easily handle most RAID

FBA, DASD, multi-track search, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd
801/risc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

some "wide" disk head posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#54 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#60 Optimizing the Hard Disk Directly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#111 Didn't we have this some time ago on some SLED disks? Multi-actuator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#33 IBM Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#58 Bureaucracy and Agile

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

G7 backs Biden's sweeping overhaul of global tax system

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: G7 backs Biden's sweeping overhaul of global tax system
Date: 05 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
G7 backs Biden's sweeping overhaul of global tax system
https://www.cnn.com/2021/06/05/business/g7-biden-global-tax-intl-gbr/index.html
G7: Rich nations back deal to tax multinationals
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-57368247
G-7 finance ministers strike landmark deal on taxing multinationals, tech giants
https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/g7-finance-ministers-strike-landmark-deal-taxing-multinational-tech-giants-n1269728

other recent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#1 Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#23 Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#93 Treasury calls for doubling IRS staff to target tax evasion, crypto transfers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#38 Microsoft's Irish subsidiary paid zero corporation tax on $315bn profit

tax fraud, evasion, avoidance, havens, loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Under God

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Under God
Date: 05 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
from history:

• The Pledge of Allegiance was adopted in 1923
• The Star Spangled Banner was adopted in 1929
• "Under God" was added to The Pledge in 1954
• "In God We Trust" was added to our money in 1956

They were not created by Our Founding Fathers.

... snip ....

note that John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

then somewhat replay of the Nazi celebration, after the war 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US had conference at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

part of the result by the 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance (and the US motto, "In God We Trust"). slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance
Even though the movement behind inserting "under God" into the pledge might have been initiated by a private religious fraternity and even though references to God appear in previous versions of the pledge, historian Kevin M. Kruse asserts that this movement was an effort by corporate America to instill in the minds of the people that capitalism and free enterprise were heavenly blessed. Kruse acknowledges the insertion of the phrase was influenced by the push-back against Russian atheistic communism during the Cold War, but argues the longer arc of history shows the conflation of Christianity and capitalism as a challenge to the New Deal played the larger role.[28]
... snip ...

... other trivia, from the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

... "fake news" dates back to at least founding of the country, both Jefferson and Burr biographies, Hamilton and Federalists portrayed as masters of "fake news". Also portrayed that Hamilton believed himself to be an honorable man, but in political and other conflicts, he apparently believed that the ends justified the means. Jefferson constantly battling for separation of church & state and individual freedom, Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power,
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/
loc6457-59:
For Federalists, Jefferson was a dangerous infidel. The Gazette of the United States told voters to choose GOD AND A RELIGIOUS PRESIDENT or impiously declare for "JEFFERSON-AND NO GOD."
... snip ...

.... Jefferson targeted as the prime mover behind the separation of church and state. Also Hamilton/Federalists wanting supreme monarch (above the law)

loc5584-88:
The battles seemed endless, victory elusive. James Monroe fed Jefferson's worries, saying he was concerned that America was being "torn to pieces as we are, by a malignant monarchy faction." 34 A rumor reached Jefferson that Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists Rufus King and William Smith "had secured an asylum to themselves in England" should the Jefferson faction prevail in the government.
... snip ...

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

In the 1880s, Supreme Court was scammed (by the railroads) to give corporations "person rights" under the 14th amendment.
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiii/loc45-50:
IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business corporations too.
... snip ...

... testimony falsely claiming authors of 14th amendment intended to include corporations
pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.

pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
... snip ...

14th admendment, jefferson, hamilton, john foster dulles, and/or "one nation under god" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#43 Actually, the Electoral College Was a Pro-Slavery Ploy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#78 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#1 The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#10 The 16919 Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#82 Prying Open The Overton Window
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#112 When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#127 The Barr Presidency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#144 PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#148 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#150 How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#161 Fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#33 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#96 How Ike Led
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#59 WW2 Strategic Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#36 How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#27 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Martial Arts "OODA-loop"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Martial Arts OODA-loop
Date: 06 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#37 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"

... a related Boyd story is he reviewed a couple of the major war games ... he characterized them as the generals & admirals play golf all the time while the staff practice ... when it came time for the actual war game, the generals & admirals had no "finger feel" for the information flow in the war room.

three years ago, I attended a talk by commander of growlers at whidbey ... he commented it was taking pilots a year to become proficient in the growler digital cockpit (although youngsters that grew up with video games were picking it up faster).

... another Boyd story was that he was characterized as a Luddite for criticizing the original F16 heads-up display. His point was taking unnecessary brain effort to convert scrolling digital numbers into meaning (making the pilot less effective) ... the analogy is a analog clock face not only gives the current time ... but also concurrently, the spacial position providing from/to some time (there is a lot of human factor engineering needed in designing an efficient digital cockpit).

Boyd posts & web refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Note in 89/90, the commandant of the marine corps leverages Boyd for a corps make-over ... at a time when IBM was desperately in need of a make-over ... 92, IBM has gone into the red and was being re-organized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html
we had left but get a call from bowels of Armonk asking if we could help with the breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other units, which would be in different corporations after the breakup. All these MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts

We also get email from former coworkers complaining that top executives weren't paying attention to running the business but totally focused on moving expenses from the following year to the current year. We ask our contact in Armonk. He says top executives won't get a bonus for the current year, but the way the bonus plan is written if they can move enough expenses from the following year, nudging it even slightly into the black, they will get a bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (aka, getting rewarded for having taken the company into the red)

before we get start, a new CEO is brought in and reverses the breakup

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'We're Gonna Murder You and Then Them'

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'We're Gonna Murder You and Then Them'
Date: 08 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
'We're Gonna Murder You and Then Them': New Report Details January 6 Security Failures. The FBI knew that Jan. 6th protesters were "ready for war." A new report reveals why the feds downplayed the intelligence and bungled their response to the insurrection
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/january-6-insurrection-senate-security-police-trump-1180204/

... if significant factions in the gov. are involved in planning & execution ... then it shouldn't be surprise that there were "failures"

Senate Report Details Security Failures in Jan. 6 Capitol Riot. A 127-page joint report is the most comprehensive and detailed account to date on the intelligence, communications and policing failures around the Capitol riot.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/08/us/capitol-riot-security.html

some insurrection posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#40 National Guard deployment in DC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#47 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#51 Sacking the Capital and Honor

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
Date: 09 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
https://www.propublica.org/article/the-secret-irs-files-trove-of-never-before-seen-records-reveal-how-the-wealthiest-avoid-income-tax
Tax details of US super-rich allegedly leaked
https://www.bbc.com/news/business-57383869
Bezos, Musk and other billionaires pay next to nothing in income taxes, report says
https://www.cnet.com/news/bezos-musk-and-other-billionaires-pay-next-to-nothing-in-income-taxes-report-says/
Rich Americans Like Bezos, Musk, Buffett Avoided Income Tax
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/08/us/politics/income-taxes-bezos-musk-buffett.html
How the US super-rich avoid paying taxes
https://newrepublic.com/article/162201/tax-corporations-like-people-biden

spring 2009, IRS announced that it was going after $400B in taxes on money illegally stashed overseas by 52,000 wealthy americans (over and above the new tax loopholes that allowed trillions to be legally stashed overseas) since the start of the century ... then little or nothing in the news.

spring 2011 the new speaker of the house has press conference where he says he is cutting the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering the $400B. Since then there has been periodic news about the banks and financial advisers have been fined a few billion for their part in facilitating illegally stashing trillions overseas (again, over and above the trillions that congressional tax loopholes allowed to be stashed overseas "legally") ... but almost nothing about recovering the $400B in taxes owed on the money illegally stashed overseas.

also spring 2011, the (same) new speaker of the house on local DC radio interview commented that he was placing the new "tea party" party darlings on the tax and revenue committee because those committee members get the most "contributions" from special interests (one of the reasons that congress is called the most corrupt institution on earth).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boehner
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2021/04/john-boehner-memoir-review.html

... and 2002 congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

posts mentioning tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentioning Comptroller General
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
posts mentioning Too Big To Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-go-fail
posts mentioning the fed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#52 Luxembourg Investigations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#14 Lawyers, accountants and other professionals play key role in cross-border financial crime, OECD warns in new report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#26 Multinationals shifted $1 trillion offshore, stripping countries of billions in tax revenues, study says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#1 Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#17 Biden Seeks $80 Billion to Beef Up I.R.S. Audits of High-Earners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#23 Rich Americans Who Were Warned on Taxes Hunt for Ways Around Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#29 US tax plan proposes massive overhaul to audit high earners and corporations for tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#78 In Washington State, the Left Won a Major Victory for Taxing the Rich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#93 Treasury calls for doubling IRS staff to target tax evasion, crypto transfers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#38 Microsoft's Irish subsidiary paid zero corporation tax on $315bn profit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#45 G7 backs Biden's sweeping overhaul of global tax system

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation
Date: 12 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/06/there-is-no-labor-shortage-only-labor-exploitation.html
Remember the subprime mortgage housing crisis of 2008 when economists and pundits blamed low-income homeowners for wanting to purchase homes they could not afford? Perhaps this is the labor market's way of saying, if you can't afford higher salaries, you shouldn't expect to fill jobs.
... snip ...

... trivia: Jan1999, I was asked to help try and stop the coming economic mess (we failed). They said some investment backers had walked away "clean" from the S&L Crisis, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, then IPO for a couple billion, they needed to fail to clear the field for the next round of IPOs) and were predicted to get into securized loans/mortgages next.

As countermeasure, I was to improve the integrity of securitized instrument supporting documents. Then they found they could pay rating agencies for triple-A (when the rating agencies new they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). They could now do no-documentation, liar loans/mortgages, securitize, pay for triple-A, and sell into the bond market (doing over $27T, 2001-2008) ... no-doc liar loans/mortgages met no integrity to improve.

From the law of unintended consequences, the largest fines for the economic mess were for the robo-signing mills fabricating the "missing" documents (the fines were transferred to agencies that supposedly were to go to aiding the defrauded borrowers ... very little actually did ... some of the agencies were headed by some of the same people involved in the original economic mess)

Meager Rewards for Workers, Exceptionally Rich Pay for C.E.O.s. The gap between workers and C.E.O.s widened during the pandemic as public companies granted top executives some of the richest pay packages ever.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/11/business/ceo-pay-compensation-stock.html?smtyp=cur&smid=tw-nytimes

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail ("too big to prosecure", "too big to jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulartory.capture
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Martial Arts "OODA-loop"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Martial Arts OODA-loop
Date: 12 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#37 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#47 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"

other Boyd ref: Burton was in original/1st USAF Academy graduation class and on fast track to general, when he says Boyd destroyed his career by challenging him to do what was right ... later wrote a book
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/
HBO turned into movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
related NYT article: Corrupt from top to bottom
https://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html

GAO Air Effectiveness Study
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134

says that A10s fired one million 30mm shells in Desert Storm, that they were so effective taking out Iraqi tanks that their crews were walking away from them (as sitting ducks). The stories of horrific tank battles with coalition forces taking no damage, don't mention if the Iraqi tanks had anybody home.

Burton has said that he got 30mm shells cut from nearly $100/shell to $13 (the one million shells would be $13M, least expensive of all Desert Storm). Burton in the past has suggested a mini-A10 with only a five barrel gun (that could be forward deployed and maintained), but these days would more likely be UAV.

Gulf War, 1991 17Jan-28Feb, only last 100hrs was land war, Boyd has been credited with the (land) battle plan. There have been lots of explanations and excuses why Boyd's left hook failed and the Army M1 Abrams weren't in position to trap the retreating Republican Guard ... I would say that can add that Boyd possibly didn't realize how tightly tethered the M1 Abrams were to their supply and maintenance.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War

Boyd quote/saying:
There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question
... snip ...

Boyd postings and web URLs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation
Date: 12 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#50 There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation

The big takeaway from the past week business news
https://newsletters.yahoo.net/H/2/v60000017a000dc5c4b7d6876e96639540/067673bd-be2a-4a59-a413-f4664ec07512/HTML
The big takeaway from the past week in business news is that A) secretly released documents show that billionaires aren't paying their fair share in taxes. (Gee, you think?) And meanwhile, B) hotels and restaurants and other businesses can't find enough people to work as maids and dishwashers, etc.
... snip ...

also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#49 The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax

tax evasion, fraud, avoidance, havens, loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.fraud
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3380 disk capacity

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 3380 disk capacity
Date: 13 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re: 3380 capacity;

we had activity monitors and simualators ... that were used for moving data farms of 3330s to 3380s. part of it was looking at (accesses/second)/mbytes ... to get access per mbyte of data per second. Rough calculations showed that just moving large 3330 data farm to same mbytes of 3380s, system throughput dropped. We had some number of discussions at (IBM user group) SHARE ... and suggestion/resolution was for IBM to offer a more expensive "fast 3380" with faster access per mbyte (because it supported less mbytes... i.e. fewer cylinders ... done by special microcode load). The issue was the bean counters wouldn't understand leaving 3380 partially empty ... but if IBM were to sell them a "fast 3380" at higher cost, they would gladly pay the price (even tho it was standard 3380 where microcode limited the total number of cylinders).

Note that in the mid-70s, I had started raising issue that systems were getting faster than disks were getting faster. In the early 80s, I was claiming that disks relative system throughput had declined by an order of magnitude over 15yr period. Senior GPD executives took exception to my observation and assigned the division performance group to refute my claims. After a couple weeks they came back and said that I had slightly understated the issues (taking everything into account, it was actually worse). They then respun the analysis into a SHARE presentation on how to configure disks to improve system throughput, 16Aug1984, SHARE 63, B874. old posts with intro/summary from B874.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#18
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68

recent air bearing simulation for thin-film floating head posts, 3370 FBA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#28 IBM 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#28 IBM Cottle Plant Site
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#23 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#40 IBM Mainframe

recent posts referencing B874
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#78 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#94 MVS Boney Fingers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#63 IBM 3330 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#17 Performance History, 5-10Oct1986, SEAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#59 San Jose bldg 50 and 3380 manufacturing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#79 IBM Disk Division
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#33 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction

getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Switch over to Internetworking Protocol

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Switch over to Internetworking Protocol
Date: 14 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
Big switch over was 1Jan1983 ... about the time arpanet had approx 100 IMPs and 255 hosts (at a time when internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 hosts, larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s). SJR had the 1st corporate gateway from fall 1982

Date: 10/22/82 14:25:57

To: CSNET mailing list
Subject: CSNET PhoneNet connection functional

The IBM San Jose Research Lab is the first IBM site to be registered on CSNET (node-id is IBM-SJ), and our link to the PhoneNet relay at University of Delaware has just become operational! For initial testing of the link, I would like to have traffic from people who normally use the ARPANET, and who would be understanding about delays, etc. If you are such a person, please send me your userid (and nodeid if not on SJRLVM1), and I'll send instructions on how to use the connection. People outside the department or without prior usage of of ARPANET may also register at this time if there is a pressing need, such as being on a conference program committee, etc.

CSNET (Computer Science NETwork) is funded by NSF, and is an attempt to connect all computer science research institutions in the U.S. It does not have a physical network of its own, but rather is a set of common protocols used on top of the ARPANET (Department of Defense), TeleNet (GTE), and PhoneNet (the regular phone system). The lowest-cost entry is through PhoneNet, which only requires the addition of a modem to an existing computer system. PhoneNet offers only message transfer (off-line, queued, files). TeleNet and ARPANET in allow higher-speed connections and on-line network capabilities such as remote file lookup and transfer on-line, and remote login.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

Date: 30 Dec 1982 14:45:34 EST (Thursday)

From: Nancy Mimno mimno@Bbn-Unix
Subject: Notice of TCP/IP Transition on ARPANET
To: csnet-liaisons at Udel-Relay
Cc: mimno at Bbn-Unix
Via: Bbn-Unix; 30 Dec 82 16:07-EST
Via: Udel-Relay; 30 Dec 82 13:15-PDT
Via: Rand-Relay; 30 Dec 82 16:30-EST

ARPANET Transition 1 January 1983 Possible Service Disruption ---------------------------------

Dear Liaison,

As many of you may be aware, the ARPANET has been going through the major transition of shifting the host-host level protocol from NCP (Network Control Protocol/Program) to TCP-IP (Transmission Control Protocol - Internet Protocol). These two host-host level protocols are completely different and are incompatible. This transition has been planned and carried out over the past several years, proceeding from initial test implementations through parallel operation over the last year, and culminating in a cutover to TCP-IP only 1 January 1983. DCA and DARPA have provided substantial support for TCP-IP development throughout this period and are committed to the cutover date.

The CSNET team has been doing all it can to facilitate its part in this transition. The change to TCP-IP is complete for all the CSNET host facilities that use the ARPANET: the CSNET relays at Delaware and Rand, the CSNET Service Host and Name Server at Wisconsin, the CSNET CIC at BBN, and the X.25 development system at Purdue. Some of these systems have been using TCP-IP for quite a while, and therefore we expect few problems. (Please note that we say "few", not "NO problems"!) Mail between Phonenet sites should not be affected by the ARPANET transition. However, mail between Phonenet sites and ARPANET sites (other than the CSNET facilities noted above) may be disrupted.

The transition requires a major change in each of the more than 250 hosts on the ARPANET; as might be expected, not all hosts will be ready on 1 January 1983. For CSNET, this means that disruption of mail communication will likely result between Phonenet users and some ARPANET users. Mail to/from some ARPANET hosts may be delayed; some host mail service may be unreliable; some hosts may be completely unreachable. Furthermore, for some ARPANET hosts this disruption may last a long time, until their TCP-IP implementations are up and working smoothly. While we cannot control the actions of ARPANET hosts, please let us know if we can assist with problems, particularly by clearing up any confusion. As always, we are or (617)497-2777.

Please pass this information on to your users.

Respectfully yours, Nancy Mimno CSNET CIC Liaison

... snip ... top of post, old email index

Date: 02/02/83 23:49:45

To: CSNET mailing list
Subject: CSNET headers, CSNET status

You may have noticed that since ARPANET switched to TCP/IP and the new version of software on top of it, message headers have become ridiculously long. Some of it is because of tracing information that has been added to facilitate error isolation and "authentication", and some of it I think is a bug (the relay adds a 'From' and a 'Date' header although there already are headers with that information in the message). This usually doesn't bother people on the ARPANET because they have smart mail reading programs that understand the headers and only display the relevant ones. I have proposed a mail reader/sender program that understands about ARPANET headers (RFC822) as a summer project, so maybe we will sometime enjoy the same priviledge.

The file CSNET STATUS1 on the CSNET disk (see instructions below for how to access it) contains some clarification of the problems that have been experienced with the TCP/IP conversion. Here is a summary:

- Nodes that don't yet talk TCP (but the old NCP) can be accessed through the UDel-Relay. So if you think you have problems reaching a node because of this, append @Udel-Relay to the ARPANET address.

- You can find out about the status of hosts (e.g., if they run TCP or not) by sending ANY MESSAGE to Status@UDel-Relay (capitalization is NOT significant).

- If your messages are undeliverable, you get a notice after two days, and your messages get returned after 4 days.

- Avoid using any of the fancy address forms allowed by the new header format (RFC822).

- The TCP transition was a lot more trouble than the ARPANET people had anticipated.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

list of corporate network locations around the world that added one or more hosts in 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

co-worker at science center was responsible for the internal network ... the technology was also used for the corporate sponsored univ. BITNET (which was also larger than the arpanet/internet for a time):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
we then transfer to SJR in 1977.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

In the early 80s, I was responsible for HSDT project, T1 & faster computer links and working with the director of NSF. We were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers, but then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). IBM internal politics prevent us from bidding, NSF director tries to help by writing IBM a letter (with support from other agencies), copying the IBM CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.

as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

With HSDT, I was having constant battles with the company "communication group" ... in part because their products only supported up to 56kbits ... and HSDT slowest was T1 (1.5mbits). With the NSFNET RFP specifying T1, the "communication group" was spreading huge amount of misinformation internally, even preparing a presentation for the corporate executive committee showing that customers wouldn't be looking for T1 products until sometime well into the 90s. There communication controller had support for "fat pipes", multiple 56kbit links running in parallel, treating as single logical link. They showed customer use of "fat pipes", with 2, 3, 4, .... etc, 56kbit links dropped to zero by six links. What they didn't know (or avoided presenting to the executive committee) was that typical telco tariffs for T1(1.5mbit) links were about the same as five or six 56kbit links (customers switched from multiple 56kbit links to full T1 supported by non-IBM boxes).

The NSFNET RFP called for T1 links ... but the "winning" bid put in 440kbit links and possibly to make it appear as if they were meeting the requirements, they put in telco multiplexors with T1 trunks and ran multiple 440kbit links over the T1 trunks. We would periodically ridicule what they were doing, asking why don't they call it a "T5 network" ... since at some point, some of the T1 trunks likely were multiplexed over phone company T5 trunks.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3380 disk capacity

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 3380 disk capacity
Date: 14 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#53 3380 disk capacity

for a real "detour", in the late 70s & early 80s, I had been blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the IBM internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s. Folklore is that when corporate executive committee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me. It really took off after I distributed a trip report about visiting Jim Gay at Tandem (claims upwards of 25,000 were reading) ... from IBMJargon:
http://www.comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

six copies of something like 300 pages were printed, packaged in TANDEM 3-ring binders and mailed to the executive committee ... part of the summary to the executive summary:
To give the reader an overview of what follows, I include here the most important points. It is impossible to do justice to the entire discussion in such a short summary of a summary

• The perception of many technical people in IBM is that the company is rapidly heading for disaster. Furthermore, people fear that this movement will not be appreciated until it begins more directly to affect revenue, at which point recovery may be impossible

• Many technical people are extremely frustrated with their management and with the way things are going in IBM. To an increasing extent, people are reacting to this by leaving IBM.

• Most of the contributors to the present discussion would prefer to stay with IBM and see the problems rectified. However, there is increasing skepticism that correction is possible or likely, given the apparent lack of commitment by management to take action

• There is a widespread perception that IBM management has failed to understand how to manage technical people and high-technology development in an extremely competitive environment.

... snip ...

... note it wasn't quite so rapidly ... taking another decade (1981-1992), 92, IBM has gone into the red and was being re-organized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

we had left but get a call from bowels of IBM Corporate hdqtrs (Armonk) asking if we could help with the breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other units, which would be in different corporations after the breakup. All these MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts

We also get email from former coworkers complaining that top executives weren't paying attention to running the business but totally focused on moving expenses from the following year to the current year. We ask our contact in Armonk. He says top executives won't get a bonus for the current year, but the way the bonus plan is written if they can move enough expenses from the following year, nudging it even slightly into the black, they will get a bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (aka, getting rewarded for having taken the company into the red)

before we get started, a new CEO is brought in and reverses the breakup.

AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president (before he became CEO) to help with RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
... then the IBM Board hires away the AMEX ex-president as CEO who reverses the breakup and uses some of the PE techniques used at RJR (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
also turning IBM into a financial engineering company (on steroids) Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
new IBM CEO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

U.K. Pushes for Finance Exemption From Global Taxation Deal

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: U.K. Pushes for Finance Exemption From Global Taxation Deal
Date: 15 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
U.K. Pushes for Finance Exemption From Global Taxation Deal
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-06-08/u-k-pushes-for-city-of-london-exemption-from-global-tax-deal
U.K. Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak is pressing for the City of London to be exempt from a plan by global leaders to make multinationals pay more tax to the countries where they operate.
... snip ...

Treasure Islands: Uncovering the Damage of Offshore Banking and Tax Havens
https://www.amazon.com/Treasure-Islands-Uncovering-Offshore-Banking-ebook/dp/B004OA6420/
pg87/loc1816-20:
As I've noted, when Britain's formal empire collapsed, it did not entirely disappear. Fourteen small island states decided not to become independent and became instead Britain's Overseas Territories, with Britain's Queen as their head of state. It is a status that has been preserved until today. Exactly half of them--Anguilla, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat, and the Turks and Caicos Islands--are tax havens, actively supported and managed from Britain and intimately linked with the City of London.
... snip ...

tax evasion, fraud, avoidance, havens, loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.fraud

some recent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#14 Lawyers, accountants and other professionals play key role in cross-border financial crime, OECD warns in new report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#26 Multinationals shifted $1 trillion offshore, stripping countries of billions in tax revenues, study says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#29 US tax plan proposes massive overhaul to audit high earners and corporations for tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#59 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#26 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#33 How the world's richest defend their wealth, with help from a dedicated industry

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"Hollywood modeel" for dealing with engineers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: "Hollywood modeel" for dealing with engineers
Date: 15 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president (before he became CEO) to help with RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM has gone into the red and was being re-organized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html
... then the IBM Board hires away the AMEX ex-president as CEO who reverses the breakup and uses some of the PE techniques used at RJR (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
also turning IBM into a financial engineering company (on steroids) Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...


Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

I had taken two semester hr intro computers/fortran and then within a year, univ hires me fulltime responsible for IBM systems. Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton datacenter was largest in the world, something like $200M-$300m in IBM 360 systems. When I graduate, instead of staying at Boeing, I join the IBM Cambridge Science Center.

Boeing contaminated by the military-industrial complex, The 100yr, 2016 Boeing "century" publication had article that the "merger" with M/D nearly took down Boeing and might yet still.

The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout
Unlike Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas executives somehow took power in what analysts started calling a "reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought Boeing with Boeing's money."
... snip ...

Crash Course
https://newrepublic.com/article/154944/boeing-737-max-investigation-indonesia-lion-air-ethiopian-airlines-managerial-revolution
Sorscher had spent the early aughts campaigning to preserve the company's estimable engineering legacy. He had mountains of evidence to support his position, mostly acquired via Boeing's 1997 acquisition of McDonnell Douglas, a dysfunctional firm with a dilapidated aircraft plant in Long Beach and a CEO who liked to use what he called the Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers: Hire them for a few months when project deadlines are nigh, fire them when you need to make numbers. In 2000, Boeing's engineers staged a 40-day strike over the McDonnell deal's fallout; while they won major material concessions from management, they lost the culture war. They also inherited a notoriously dysfunctional product line from the corner-cutting market gurus at McDonnell.
... snip ...

Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism. Deregulation means a company once run by engineers is now in the thrall of financiers and its stock remains high even as its planes fall from the sky
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/11/boeing-capitalism-deregulation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Martial Arts "OODA-loop"

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Martial Arts OODA-loop
Date: 15 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#37 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#47 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#51 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"

In dataprocessing, we've had proficiency similar to OODA-loop, Fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil ... akin to tai chi, martial arts and natural language (when you think & dream in a language) proficiency ... aka you think & dream in a computer language ... rather than thinking in some natural language and having to translate to a computer language.

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

a few past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#11 Where did the hacker ethic go?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#9 Where did the hacker ethic go?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#64 Programming in School (was: Re: Common uses...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#39 Wrapping up the FBEMBA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#39 Zen and Connaturality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#74 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#48 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#49 Ada's fate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#65 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#118 By the time we get to 'O' in OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#55 Do we really?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#84 We Use Words to Talk. Why Do We Need Them to Think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#51 [CM] What was your first home computer?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
Date: 15 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
https://warisboring.com/white-house-backs-bill-to-end-iraq-war-military-authorization/

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crises), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Originally Iraq2 invasion was justified on Iraq supporting (saudi wahhabi) Al-Qaeda and would only cost $50B (and could be recovered using Iraq oil) ... since Iraq was against Al-Qaeda, that was then changed to Iraq had WMDs.

... trace back to supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war, in the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War
including WMDs (note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war
also, H.W. repeatedly claimed no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
S&L crises posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

posts mentioning Wahhabi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#25 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#26 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#70 Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#85 Just and Unjust Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#105 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#113 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#124 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#135 Permanent Record
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#143 "Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Martial Arts "OODA-loop"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Martial Arts OODA-loop
Date: 15 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#37 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#47 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#51 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#58 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"

response to comment about original F16 heads-up displaye ... Boyd's point was that the heads-up display was done by engineers, not pilots ... and they possibly were steeped in the digital world and hadn't thot of it yet ... would likely also need more programming and possibly faster computer.

topic drift: 2011 tutorial on radar stated that to do real-time targeting of "stealth" jets would need more computer power than was then available. Spring 2015 DOD puts latest generation of computer chips on export restriction, fall 2015 at fall supercomputer conference china demonstrated that they were making their own chips (also used in radar). YE2017 article was self-driving, autonomous cars had 100 times the computer power mentioned in the 2011 radar tutorial needed for real-time targeting of "stealth" jets.

Another Boyd (engineer) story: Boyd was asked to review the latest USAF air-to-air missile that would hit the target every time. They presented lots of technical statistics and the showed movie of the missile hitting flares on a drone every time. He said that it would be lucky to hit 10% of the time and had them to replay the movie ... telling them to stop just before the missile hit the flare. He asked them what kind of guidance did it have, they said heat-seeking, he asked what kind of heat-seeking, they eventually responding pin-point. He then asked them what is the hottest part of the jet. They said the engine ... he said NO!, its in the plume 30yrds behind ... the only time the missile is likely to hit is when it is shooting straight up the tail pipe. The gather up all their material and leave.

Roll forward to Vietnam and he is proved correct. He says that eventually the one star on the ground in vietnam grounds all the fighters and converts from the USAF missile to the Navy sidewinder (that had better than twice the hit rate of the USAF missile). The one star last another 3months before he is replaced and called on the carpet at the pentagon ... he was cutting USAF budget by being more effective ... but the worst sin of all: he was increasing Navy budget share (by using navy sidewinders). Vietnam from the distance of the pentagon was all about budget and especially budget share (military-industrial complex)

Boyd posts & URLs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

posts about 2011 radar tutorial:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#77 Test Pilot Admits the F-35 Can't Dogfight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#39 Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#46 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#35 US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Private Inequity: How a Powerful Industry Conquered the Tax System

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Private Inequity: How a Powerful Industry Conquered the Tax System
Date: 16 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
Private Inequity: How a Powerful Industry Conquered the Tax System. The I.R.S. almost never audits private equity firms, even as whistle-blowers have filed claims alleging illegal tax avoidance
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/12/business/private-equity-taxes.html
The private equity industry, which has a fleet of almost 200 lobbyists and has doled out nearly $600 million in campaign contributions over the last decade, has repeatedly derailed past efforts to increase its tax burden.
... snip ...

.... congressional manipulating the tax system is major reason that congress is referred to as the most corrupt institution on earth. Note the industry had gotten such a bad reputation for the "S&L Crisis" that they changed the name to private equity and "junk bonds" became "high-yield bonds".

tax fraud, evasion, avoidance, havens, loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

What's the Difference Between a Waitress and a Private Equity Partner? (Their Tax Rate)
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/06/16/whats-the-difference-between-a-waitress-and-a-private-equity-partner-their-tax-rate/

other ref: "Barbarians at the Gate" ... AMEX was in competition with KKR for (private equity) LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away AMEX president (before he became CEO) to help with RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Then IBM was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (behind paywall but mostly free at wayback machine).
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html
when IBM Board hires away the AMEX ex-president as CEO who reverses the breakup and uses some of the PE techniques used at RJR (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
... then he leaves to head up Carlyle ... includes buying the beltway bandit that will hire Snowden, 70% of intelligence budget and half the people had beeen outsourced
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us Barbarians at the
Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy (hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource gov. to their companies).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Political Establishment Doesn't Want You to Know the Economy Is Rigged

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Political Establishment Doesn't Want You to Know the Economy Is Rigged
Date: 16 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Political Establishment Doesn't Want You to Know the Economy Is Rigged. ProPublica's bombshell story about the financial malfeasance of the richest Americans has stirred bipartisan outrage in Washington. Unfortunately, it's mainly outraged against the whistleblower who exposed the story.
https://jacobinmag.com/2021/06/propublica-taxes-richest-wealth-america-us-whistleblowers

tax fraud, evasion, avoidance, havens, loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'A perfect storm': Airmen, F-22s struggle at Eglin nearly three years after Hurricane Michael

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 'A perfect storm': Airmen, F-22s struggle at Eglin nearly three years after Hurricane Michael
Date: 16 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
'A perfect storm': Airmen, F-22s struggle at Eglin nearly three years after Hurricane Michael
https://www.airforcetimes.com/news/your-air-force/2021/06/14/a-perfect-storm-airmen-f-22s-struggle-at-eglin-nearly-three-years-after-hurricane-michael/

F22 hangar empress (2009)
http://nypost.com/2009/07/17/cant-fly-wont-die/
Pilots call high-maintenance aircraft "hangar queens." Well, the F-22's a hangar empress. After three expensive decades in development, the plane meets fewer than one-third of its specified requirements. Anyway, an enemy wouldn't have to down a single F-22 to defeat it. Just strike the hi-tech maintenance sites, and it's game over. (In WWII, we didn't shoot down every Japanese Zero; we just sank their carriers.) The F-22 isn't going to operate off a dirt strip with a repair tent.

But this is all about lobbying, not about lobbing bombs. Cynically, Lockheed Martin distributed the F-22 workload to nearly every state, employing under-qualified sub-contractors to create local financial stakes in the program. Great politics -- but the result has been a quality collapse.

... snip ...

back then there were jokes about the stealth coating was subject to moisture and can't take F-22 out in weather, and before the hurricane destroyed much of the base, F-22 stealth coating maintenance bays booked solidly around the clock
http://www.tyndall.af.mil/News/Features/Display/Article/669883/lo-how-the-f-22-gets-its-stealth/

The Bunker: More Rot in the Ranks
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/05/the-bunker-more-rot-in-the-ranks/
Even the Pentagon boosters at the Heritage Foundation found the program wanting. Only half of Lockheed's F-22s were capable of flying on any given day in 2019, it noted last fall. Plus, "structural alterations" needed to help the plane reach its "promised service life...takes six F-22s off the flight line at any given time." Repairs took too long (like a year after a landing-gear failure). The F-22 "is a tough airplane to maintain," a top Air Force general conceded last week.
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

some past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#75 How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#14 With the U.S. F-35 Grounded, Putin's New Jet Beats Us Hands-Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#46 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#16 Modern computer brochures; military security; then and now ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#60 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#92 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#96 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#61 5th generation stealth, thermal, radar signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#104 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#76 The F-35 Stealth Fighter Is Politically Unstoppable----Even Under President Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#93 F35 Program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#21 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#63 The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#31 Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#118 Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#102 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#82 The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#88 The Bunker: More Rot in the Ranks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
Date: 16 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2021/06/15/daily-202-biden-takes-steps-rein-forever-wars-afghanistan-iraq/

other recent articles

White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
https://warisboring.com/white-house-backs-bill-to-end-iraq-war-military-authorization/
The Bush Team's Desperate Hunt for an Iraq Link to 9/11
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2021/05/iraq-911-saddam-hussein-no-link-cia-bush-cheney-wolfowitz.html
The very crew that backed the invasion of Iraq to the Washington foreign policy scene.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/the-hawks-new-hero-arthur-vandenberg/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpectual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
Date: 16 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#64 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq

... more history and detail

CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns as white house chief of staff to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Then in the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War including WMDs
(note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis along with other
members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

... roll forward ... Bush2 is president and presides over the huge cut in taxes, huge increase in spending, explosion in debt, the economic mess (70 times larger than his father's S&L crises) and the forever wars, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the Team B members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpectual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
Date: 17 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#64 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq

House Votes to Curb Presidential War Powers. The House repealed an authorization it gave President George W. Bush in 2002 to invade Iraq that was repeatedly applied well beyond its original intent. The Senate will consider doing so as well, and President Biden has said he would sign it.
https://www.nytimes.com/live/2021/06/17/us/joe-biden/the-house-votes-to-repeal-the-2002-authorization-for-the-invasion-of-iraq

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpectual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RDBMS, SQL, QBE

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: RDBMS, SQL, QBE
Date: 17 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
original implementation sequel (aka structured english query language; eventually shortened to structured query language, sql), & system/r were done (at sjr, bldg. 28) on CMS & VM/370 which used '*' for wildcard ... cms possibly inheriting '*' from CTSS?? also on CMS, about same time as SQL & system/r implementation was QBE (quuery by example). from:
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/

the birth of sql
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95-Prehisto.html

also some from long ago sjr reference: "Father of QBE, Arch-enemy of System R"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#email800310

... trivia: backus office was a little ways down the hall from mine and Codds was on the flr above.

Besides the competition war between IMS and System/R (IMS claiming half the disk space of System/R and significantly faster, System/R claiming much lower skills and manual overhead) there was also competition between System/R and "EAGLE" ... the next greatest new IBM DBMS ... we managed to do tech transfer to Endicott for SQL/DS while the company was preoccupied with EAGLE ... then when EAGLE implodes there is request how fast could System/R be ported to MVS (eventually released as DB2, originally for decision support) I got caught in helping both with System/R implementation and Sowa's Semantic Network (IDEA, at the time at STL) implementation (and after Gray leaves for Tandem, consult with IMS). There was some claims that SQL simplified relations so they were homogeneous and all fields for the same key were in single record ... significantly speeding up financial transaction (account number as key) ... while IDEA instantiated every relation greatly simplifying real-world heterogeneous data.

posts mentioning original sql/relational implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

besides SQL (& RDBMS) originally being done on CMS there were other "4th Generation Languages", one of the original 4th generation languages, Mathematica made available through one of the 60s early commercial virtual machine online service bureau spinoffs from the IBM cambridge science center.
http://www.decosta.com/Nomad/tales/history.html

One could say PRINT ACROSS MONTH SUM SALES BY DIVISION and receive a report that would have taken many hundreds of lines of Cobol to produce. The product grew in capability and in revenue, both to NCSS and to Mathematica, who enjoyed increasing royalty payments from the sizable customer base. FOCUS from Information Builders, Inc (IBI), did even better, with revenue approaching a reported $150M per year. RAMIS moved among several owners, ending at Computer Associates in 1990, and has had little limelight since. NOMAD's owners, Thomson, continue to market the language from Aonix, Inc. While the three continue to deliver 10-to-1 coding improvements over the 3GL alternatives of Fortran, Cobol, or PL/1, the movements to object orientation and outsourcing have stagnated acceptance.
... snip ...

other history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_software
When Mathematica makes Ramis available to TYMSHARE for thier VM370-based commercial online service, NCSS does their own version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software
and FOCUS from IBI
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOCUS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth-generation_programming_language

this mentions "first financial language" done at another 60s early commercial online (virtual machine) spinoff from the IBM cambridge science center
https://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102658182
as an aside, a decade later, person responsible for FFL joins with another to form startup and does the original spreadsheet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VisiCalc

posts mentioning virtual machine based online commercial services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

past posts mentioning RAMIS and other 4th generation languages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#15 CA-RAMIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#17 CA-RAMIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#12 Dreaming About Redesigning SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#15 Dreaming About Redesigning SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#15 Pre-relational, post-relational, 1968 CODASYL "Survey of Data Base Systems"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#44 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#35 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#37 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#37 Quote from comp.object
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#17 Newbie question on table design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#54 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#55 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#58 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#21 What non-IBM software products have been most significant to the mainframe's success
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#26 Global Sourcing with Cloud Computing and Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#63 VMSHARE Archives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#55 Maybe off topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#69 "Best" versus "worst" programming language you've used?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#1 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#60 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#51 From Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#84 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#30 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#56 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#57 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#63 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#16 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#77 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#34 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#32 Speed of computers--wave equation for the copper atom? (curiosity)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#101 Flat (VSAM or other) files still in use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#27 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#107 some computer and online history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#28 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#85 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#29 Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#39 The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#85 z/VM Live Guest Relocation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#4 IBM Midrange today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#16 The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RDBMS, SQL, QBE

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: RDBMS, SQL, QBE
Date: 17 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#67 RDBMS, SQL, QBE

Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity: Public Enemy (hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource gov. to their companies).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

just intelligence, 70% of budget and over half the people (including Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us helping
accelerate the rapid spreading success of failure culture, lots more profit from series of failures.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

We were peripherally involved, but didn't realize until the success of failure articles. 2002, we get a call asking us if we would respond to an unclassified BAA by IC-ARDA (since renamed IARPA) which was about to close (that basically said that none of the tools they had did the job). We get in the response and have some meetings showing that we could do what was required ... and then nothing (meetings somewhat stilted since we didn't have clearances). We initially wondered why the agency even allowed the BAA to be released at all (if they weren't going to do anything; possibly anticipating that nobody would respond which would help damp down complaints?).

Turns out one of the things that the BAA Primary Investigator was noted for, was 40+ SQL clauses as part of data mining. We also heard that the person that called us, asking us to respond, was transferred to a completely different agency and location.

IC-ARDA BAA posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#76 Should New Limits Be Put on N.S.A. Surveillance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#62 The NSA's back door has given every US secret to our enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#64 Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#35 Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#101 Nice article about MF and Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#11 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#49 Pentagon harbors culture of revenge against whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#40 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#54 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#129 Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#88 Bizarre Career Events

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
Date: 17 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/06/inflating-china-threat-to-balloon-pentagon-budget/

From soviet era: CIA Director Colby wouldn't approve the "Team B" analysis (exaggerated USSR military capability) and (White House Chief of Staff) Rumsfeld got Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), after Rumsfeld replaces Colby, he resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Then in the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War including WMDs
(note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran-Iraq_war

Boyd quote
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"
... snip ...

Team B posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise and Fall of an American Tech Giant

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Rise and Fall of an American Tech Giant
Date: 18 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Rise and Fall of an American Tech Giant. Kodak changed the way Americans saw themselves and their country. But it struggled to reinvent itself for the digital age.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2021/07/kodak-rochester-new-york/619009/

A Short History Of Corporations
https://newint.org/features/2002/07/05/history
"After Independence, American corporations, like the British companies before them, were chartered to perform specific public functions - digging canals, building bridges. Their charters lasted between 10 and 40 years, often requiring the termination of the corporation on completion of a specific task, setting limits on commercial interests and prohibiting any corporate participation in the political process."
... snip ...

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

In the 1880s, Supreme Court was scammed (by the railroads) to give corporations "person rights" under the 14th amendment.
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiii/loc45-50:
IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business corporations too.
... snip ...

... testimony falsely claiming authors of 14th amendment intended to include corporations
pgxiv/loc74-78:
Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

pg36/loc726-28:
On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of the people.

pg229/loc3667-68:
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
tax fraud, evasion, avoidance, havens, loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

corporation posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#36 OT: Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#107 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#8 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#70 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#78 A Short History Of Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#57 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#1 The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#82 Prying Open The Overton Window
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#144 PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#148 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#161 Fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#36 How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#27 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
Date: 18 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#69 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

... roll forward ... Bush2 is president and presides over the huge cut in taxes, huge increase in spending, explosion in debt, the economic mess (70 times larger than his father's S&L crises) and the forever wars, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the Team B members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

The Danger of Fibbing Our Way into War. Falsehoods and fat military budgets can make conflict more likely
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/01/the-danger-of-fibbing-our-way-into-war/
The Day I Realized I Would Never Find Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/29/magazine/iraq-weapons-mass-destruction.html

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

Team B posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM OS/2

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM OS/2
Date: 21 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
In early 90s, head of Boca (PS2 & OS2) contracted with Dataquest (since bought by Gartner) to do a study of the future of personal computing over the next several years, including a video recorded roundtable of dozen silicon valley experts. I had known the person at dataquest (in charge of the project) for a couple decades and I was asked to be one of the silicon valley experts. I cleared it with my IBM management and dataquest agreed to garble my details so Boca wouldn't recognize me as IBM employee.

... before leaving IBM in the late 80s & early 90s, I used to post quantity one PC prices from SJMN sunday paper in internal IBM forums ... in part because Boca predictions about future PC prices where enormously off ... several archived posts (20yrs ago) from the IBM forums posted in early 90s:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#79
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#80
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#81
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#82

other triva: old email about OS/2 group contacting the VM370 group to educate them on how to do interactive scheduling ... the Endicott/Kingston people told OS/2 to talk to me. I had originally redone CP67 implementation as undergraduate in the 60s and IBM picked it up and shipped it in the product.

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced, production operating systems for internal datacenters. In the morph from CP67->VM370, a lot of stuff was dropped and/or greatly simplified (including multiprocessor support, a lot of my fastpath pathlength rewrites, dispatching/paging/scheduling algorithms, bunch of my other stuff). (IBM mainframe usergroup) SHARE then started submitting resolutions to put the WHEELER stuff back into VM370.

During Future System effort, lots of 370 stuff was killed off or suspended ... however, I continued to work on 360&370 stuff all during FS, including periodically ridiculing the FS activity. The demise of FS and the mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines contributed to decision to let me release a lot of my internal stuff to customers. OS/2 announced in APR87 and first ships in DEC87
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OS/2

A couple email exchange

Date: 11/24/87 17:35:50

To: wheeler
FROM: xxxxxx
Dept xxx, Bldg xxx Phone: xxx, TieLine xxx
SUBJECT: VM priority boost

got your name thru yyy yyy who works with me on OS/2. I'm looking for information on the (highly recommended) VM technique of goosting priority based on the amount of interaction a given user is bringing to the system. I'm being told that our OS/2 algorithm is inferior to VM's. Can you help me find out what it is, or refer me to someone else who may know?? Thanks for your help.

Regards,
xxxxxx (xxxxxx at BCRVMPC1)

... snip ... top of post old email index

Date: Fri, 4 Dec 87 15:58:10 est

From: wheeler
Subject: os2 dispatching

fyi ... somebody in boca sent a message to endicott asking about how to do dispatch/scheduling (i.e. how does vm handle it) because os2 has several deficiencies that need fixing. VM Endicott forwarded it to VM Kingston and VM Kingston forwarded it to me. I still haven't seen a description of OS2 yet so don't yet know about how to go about solving any problems.

... snip ... top of post old email index

Date: Fri, 4 Dec 87 15:53:29 est

From: wheeler
To: somebody at bcrvmpc1 (i.e. internal vm network node in boca)
Subject: os2 dispatching

I've sent you a couple things that I wrote recently that relate to the subject of scheduling, dispatching, system management, etc. If you are interested in more detailed description of the VM stuff, I can send you some descriptions of things that I've done to enhance/fix what went into the base VM system ... i.e. what is there now, what its limitations are, and what further additions should be added.

... snip ... top of post old email index

other more recent OS/2 posts/threads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#136 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#137 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#138 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#139 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#68 OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#69 OS/2

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tasks, Automation, and the Rise in US Wage Inequality

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Tasks, Automation, and the Rise in US Wage Inequality
Date: 21 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
Tasks, Automation, and the Rise in US Wage Inequality
https://www.nber.org/papers/w28920
We document that between 50% and 70% of changes in the US wage structure over the last four decades are accounted for by the relative wage declines of worker groups specialized in routine tasks in industries experiencing rapid automation. We develop a conceptual framework where tasks across a number of industries are allocated to different types of labor and capital. Automation technologies expand the set of tasks performed by capital, displacing certain worker groups from employment opportunities for which they have comparative advantage. This framework yields a simple equation linking wage changes of a demographic group to the task displacement it experiences. We report robust evidence in favor of this relationship and show that regression models incorporating task displacement explain much of the changes in education differentials between 1980 and 2016.
... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
Date: 22 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#49 The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#52 There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#73 Tasks, Automation, and the Rise in US Wage Inequality

Inside the Shadowy Industry Where the Uber-Rich Pay Millions to Hide Trillions. A recent exposé showed how billionaires dodge taxes on their wealth. The bigger scandal is how the rich pay an army of lawyers, accountants, and more to hide trillions from any government
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-features/propublica-billionaires-taxes-wealth-defense-industry-1187564/

Why Are Billionaires Presumed Innocent? After an IRS leak, corporate media says there's nothing to see here because billionaire tax avoidance must be legal -- even though it occurred during a crime spree.
https://www.dailyposter.com/why-are-billionaires-presumed-innocent/

These 20 Harsh Facts About Income and Wealth Inequality Will Shock You. How the American economy has left many behind and rewarded the few.
https://capitalandmain.com/these-20-harsh-facts-about-income-and-wealth-inequality-will-shock-you
U.S. inequality has returned to levels not seen since the early 1900s: The richest 0.1% take in 196 times as much as the bottom 90%. The average American is well aware that paychecks haven't kept pace with inflation, while the super-wealthy keep getting richer and pay less in taxes. But while 61% of Americans say that there's too much economic inequality in the country, only 42% see it as a top policy priority for the government, according to a Pew survey in 2019. Maybe that's because they don't realize just how extreme the disparities have become between the top 1% and the rest of us, or the key role the government has played in enabling that gap to grow.
... snip ...

inequality pots
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
posts mentioning tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe disks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Mainframe disks
Date: 22 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
3340
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_3340
3344 ... multiple 3340s emulated on basically 3350 hardware
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_3344
3350
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_3350

3344 fixed-head ... effectively required the 3350 hardware to have fixed head

I tried to get 3350FH enhanced with "multi-exposure" capability ... separate device address somewhat like 2305
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_2305

which would allow doing data transfer from the fixed-head area overlapped with separate channel program was moving the disk arm. It got shot down by VULCAN group in POK which was looking at coming out with electronic paging device (and they figured that enhancing 3350FH would improve its use for virtual memory paging and impact their VULCAN forecast). Eventually VULCAN killed, the group was told that processor memory market was taking all electronic memory IBM made at higher market-up/profit ... so it would be foolish for IBM to sell some it at lower price/profit. By the time VULCAN was killed, it was too late to revive 3350FH multiple exposure proposal.

Turns out about this time IBM started contracting from outside vendor for electronic simulated 2305 as paging devices for internal IBM datacenters, referred to as "1655". This vendor had some amount of memory that failed tests for processor memory ... but would still work as electronic disk (where emulated disk electronics would compensate for various problems that caused it to fail as processor memory). Eventually they could be configured as 2305 CKD emulation or as a "native" FBA device at 1.5mbyte/sec transfer or as FBA device at 3mbyte/sec transfer.

Disk FBA, CKD, multi-track search, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd
getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

past posts mentioning "1655"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#70 2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#81 CKD details
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#44 Can anyone remember "drum" storage?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#14 India's British Army: the Honorable East India Company's Lasting Military Impact
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#36 National Telephone Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#65 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#63 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#26 Multitasking, together with OS operations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#69 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#68 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#24 What was a 3314?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#35 Deny the British empire's crimes? No, we ignore them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#64 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#0 Query for Destination z article -- mainframes back to the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#43 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#9 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#75 I'd forgotten what a 2305 looked like
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#78 Software that breaks computer hardware( was:IBM 029 service manual )
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#55 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#22 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#11 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#54 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#15 Flash memory arrays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#4 Remembering the CDC 6600
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#9 Poster of computer hardware events?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#26 Tom's Hdw review of SSDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#59 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#30 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#36 REAL memory column in SDSF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#57 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#46 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#1 Multiple address spaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#38 Is VIO mandatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#51 winscape?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#5 He Who Thought He Knew Something About DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#3 Expanded Storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#73 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#39 S/360 undocumented instructions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#55 HASP assembly: What the heck is an MVT ABEND 422?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#17 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#15 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#40 Do any architectures use instruction count instead of timer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#31 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#53 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#17 database (or b-tree) page sizes

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM OS/2

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM OS/2
Date: 22 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#72 IBM OS/2

trivia: CP67/CMS was precursor to personal computing; before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was Seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before Seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing cp/m, kildall worked on cp/67-cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

other trivia: some of the MIT CTSS people went to the 5th flr to Project MAC to do MULTICS (which also spawns UNIX, periodically described as simplified MULTICS). Other of the CTSS people went to IBM science center on the 4th flr and did CP40/CMS (on 360/40 with hardware modifications supporting virtual memory, which morphs into CP67/CMS when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available, precursor to VM370/CMS), lots of online apps, invented GML in 1969 (morphs into ISO standard SGML a decade later and after another decade morphs into HTML at CERN), bunch of performance, optimization and capacity planning work.

1st webserver in the US was on SLAC's VM//370
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

lots of past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#20 1401 MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#16 The Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#89 Silicon Valley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#86 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#57 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#48 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#29 System/R, QBE, IMS, EAGLE, IDEA, DB2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#81 The Golden Age of computer user groups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#69 OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#52 Amdahl Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#136 Half an operating system: The triumph and tragedy of OS/2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#87 5 milestones that created the internet, 50 years after the first network message
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#71 Decline of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#90 DNS & other trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#41 The Forgotten Operating System That Keeps the NYC Subway System Alive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#19 Before Netscape: The forgotten Web browsers of the early 1990s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#8 3270 48th Birthday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#96 Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#74 21 random but totally appropriate ways to celebrate the World Wide Web's 30th birthday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#102 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#25 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#103 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#85 History of Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#23 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#23 8088 and 68k, where it went wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#5 DOS & OS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#32 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#99 IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#94 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#46 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#86 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#69 IBM/PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#15 The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#84 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#38 The most important invention from every state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#20 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#14 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#11 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#2 NPS, Gary A. Kildall Conference Room Dedication Ceremony, 21April2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#81 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#42 Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#124 Early Networking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#108 Some (IBM-related) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#106 Blogs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#67 Was Microsoft built on stolen goods?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#34 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#32 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#24 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#103 Multithreaded output to stderr and stdout
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#54 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#33 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#14 client/server & HTML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#28 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#13 Ancient History (OS's) - was : IBM Destination z - What the Heck Is JCL and Why Does It Look So Funny?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#108 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#107 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#73 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#98 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#5 Some Trivia: Happy Birthday IBM PC - You're 34 Today!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#8 New Line vs. Line Feed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#90 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#52 The Stack Depth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#39 Virtual Memory Management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#87 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#79 Ancient computers in use today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#60 The Road Not Taken: Knowing When to Keep Your Mouth Shut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#95 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#103 Microsoft publishes MS-DOS, Word for Windows source code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#74 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#69 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#3 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#9 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#51 Search for first Web page takes detour into US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#0 What in your opinion is the one defining IBM product?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#51 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#28 Some interesting post about the importance of Security and what it means for the Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#23 HCF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#22 What is a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#7 Why former IBMers who left maybe years ago for any reason are still active on the Greater IBM Connection?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#39 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#9 "execs" or "scripts"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#84 Did Bill Gates Steal the Heart of DOS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#98 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#58 Altair Star Trek in assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#95 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#59 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#36 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#65 The old is new again - Not IBM related, but I hope interesting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#41 Hi, Does any one knows the true origin of the usage of the word bug in computers to design a fault?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#15 Happy Webiversary!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#24 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#6 Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#100 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#96 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#53 COMPUTER RELATED WORLD'S RECORDS?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Traffic Congestion In Chicago Is Backing Things Up In Los Angeles

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How Traffic Congestion In Chicago Is Backing Things Up In Los Angeles
Date: 22 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
How Traffic Congestion In Chicago Is Backing Things Up In Los Angeles: Pipeline Inventory Is Now A Big Logistics Problem
https://www.forbes.com/sites/willyshih/2021/06/21/how-traffic-congestion-in-chicago-is-backing-things-up-in-los-angeles-and-why-we-should-pay-attention-to-pipeline-inventory/
As retailers try to bring a surge of imports into their distribution centers, they are exceeding the capacity of logistics providers to move them through choked hubs like the Union Pacific Global 4 intermodal terminal in Joliet, Illinois outside of Chicago. A shortage of truck chassis means its difficult to get containers out of the terminal to warehouses, that in turn leads to congestion that makes it is difficult to unload trains. According to a recent discussion hosted by the Journal of Commerce on top importers, that means the traffic has backed up to the marine terminals in Los Angeles and Long Beach, and to a lesser extent Seattle/Tacoma. That's why now would be a good time to understand what we mean by pipeline inventory.
... snip ...

... note i remember reading an article a number of years ago about union pacific acquisition of southern pacific (1996?).

the article was about railroad gridlock trying to get harvested grain to houston out onto ships for delivery overseas.

supposedly the port and surrounding area didn't have sufficient staging area for (big?) increase in grain shipment traffic ... so southern pacific people got very cleaver about carefully staging trains thruout texas to avoid gridlock in houston area.

all of that institutional memory/knowledge and expertise was lost in the union pacific take-over ... with union pacific attempting to do business as usual railroad operations; resulting in enormous freight car traffic jams in the the houston area.

old reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#29 Penn Central RR computer system failure?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Long-Forgotten Flight That Sent Boeing Off Course

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Long-Forgotten Flight That Sent Boeing Off Course
Date: 23 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Long-Forgotten Flight That Sent Boeing Off Course. A company once driven by engineers became driven by finance.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/11/how-boeing-lost-its-bearings/602188/
In the plane's trailing vortices was greater Seattle, where the company's famed engineering culture had taken root; where the bulk of its 40,000-plus engineers lived and worked; indeed, where the jet itself had been assembled. But it was May 2001. And Boeing's leaders, CEO Phil Condit and President Harry Stonecipher, had decided it was time to put some distance between themselves and the people actually making the company's planes. How much distance? This flight--a PR stunt to end the two-month contest for Boeing's new headquarters--would reveal the answer. Once the plane was airborne, Boeing announced it would be landing at Chicago's Midway International Airport.
... snip ...

... becaming financial engineering company

I had taken two semester hr intro computers/fortran and then within a year, univ hires me fulltime responsible for IBM systems. Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton datacenter was largest in the world, something like $200M-$300m in IBM 360 systems. When I graduate, instead of staying at Boeing, I join the IBM Cambridge Science Center.

Boeing contaminated by the military-industrial complex, The 100yr, 2016 Boeing "century" publication had article that the "merger" with M/D nearly took down Boeing and might yet still.

The Coming Boeing Bailout?
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-coming-boeing-bailout Unlike
Boeing, McDonnell Douglas was run by financiers rather than engineers. And though Boeing was the buyer, McDonnell Douglas executives somehow took power in what analysts started calling a "reverse takeover." The joke in Seattle was, "McDonnell Douglas bought Boeing with Boeing's money."
... snip ...

Crash Course
https://newrepublic.com/article/154944/boeing-737-max-investigation-indonesia-lion-air-ethiopian-airlines-managerial-revolution
Sorscher had spent the early aughts campaigning to preserve the company's estimable engineering legacy. He had mountains of evidence to support his position, mostly acquired via Boeing's 1997 acquisition of McDonnell Douglas, a dysfunctional firm with a dilapidated aircraft plant in Long Beach and a CEO who liked to use what he called the "Hollywood model" for dealing with engineers: Hire them for a few months when project deadlines are nigh, fire them when you need to make numbers. In 2000, Boeing's engineers staged a 40-day strike over the McDonnell deal's fallout; while they won major material concessions from management, they lost the culture war. They also inherited a notoriously dysfunctional product line from the corner-cutting market gurus at McDonnell.
... snip ...

Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism. Deregulation means a company once run by engineers is now in the thrall of financiers and its stock remains high even as its planes fall from the sky
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/11/boeing-capitalism-deregulation

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Boeing merger, troubles, and financial engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#13 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#20 The Boeing Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#58 Failures and Resiliency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#21 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#20 The Coming Boeing Bailout?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#39 The Roots of Boeing's 737 Max Crisis: A Regulator Relaxes Its Oversight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#33 Boeing's travails show what's wrong with modern capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#39 Crash Course
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#151 OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#153 At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#40 IBM & Boeing run by Financiers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#70 Boeing CEO Said Board Moved Quickly on MAX Safety; New Details Suggest Otherwise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#87 Congress demands records from Boeing to investigate lapses in production quality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#57 "Hollywood modeel" for dealing with engineers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Where Would We Be Without the Paper Punch Card?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Where Would We Be Without the Paper Punch Card?
Date: 23 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
Where Would We Be Without the Paper Punch Card? An 80-by-10 grid punched into a paper card helped drive us out of the Industrial Age and into the Data Age
https://slate.com/technology/2021/06/caleb-scharf-ascent-of-information-punch-cards.html
In 1889, a mechanical engineer named Herman Hollerith persuaded the United States government to use machine-readable paper punch cards and electric counting machines to conduct the national Census, saving the U.S. Treasury about $5 million in the costs of handling data for 62 million people. By 1891 Hollerith was designing machines to be used in censuses in Canada, Norway, and Austria, as well as by railroads to tabulate fare information. As a result, Hollerith's fledgling company quickly became part of the growing data landscape, and eventually, in 1924, it became the International Business Machines Corporation, or IBM.
... snip ...

Semester after taking two (semester) hr intro to fortran/computers, I was hired as student programmer. Univ had been sold 360/67 for tss/360 to replace their 709/1401. Interim before 360/67 came in, the 1401 was replaced with 360/30. I was hired to rewrite 1401 MPIO (did unit record<->tape frontend for 709 tape->tape) in 360 assembler. I was to learn 360 principles of ops, 360 assembler, 360 hardware, design and implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage manager, etc. Part was having to do separate 2540 read & feed channel program ... if read bcd failed, had to reread in column binary ... before feed new card (column binary read each column 12 punch positions as two separate 6bit "bytes", 160 360 "bytes") ... and recognize card images from tape to be punched (E)BCDIC or column binary.

The univ would shutdown the datacenter from 8am sat. until 8am mon and I had the whole place to myself for 48hrs straight (although 48hrs w/o sleep could make monday morning classes a little hard). One of the first things I came to learn was before starting, clean all the tape drives, take apart the 2540 reader/punch and clean it, put it back together, clean the 1403 printer, etc (prowling around rack of IBM CE manuals in the machine room).

Sometimes the operators had finished early and when I came in 8am sat., everything was powered off and dark ... and had to power it all back on. Periodically ran into problem where 360/30 hung and wouldn't complete powering on. More prowling IBM CE manuals and trial&error, found that I could put all the controllers in CE mode, individually power them on, power on the 360/30 ... and then take the controllers out of CE mode. After a couple months I had 2000 (assembler) card/statement program with conditional assembly statement that either generated the stand-alone version or the OS/360 version. The stand-alone version took about 30mins to assembler and the OS/360 version took an hour (DCB macros each took 5+mins to assemble, could even see when the assembler hit the DCB macros in front panel lights; could do card->tape and tape->printer/punch concurrently ... needed five DCBs, one for output tape and one for input tape, and one each for reader, punch & printer). This was somewhere around PCP v6(?).

Then I was hired fulltime responsible for mainframe systems within year of taking intro class ... one of first things was doing MFT v9.5 sysgen for 360/67 (running as 360/65, tss/360 never quite coming to production fruition). Then added HASP. With MFT v11 sysgen would tear stage2 card deck apart, reorging everything to carefully place datasets and PDS library members to optimize arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search. Also had enough 2314 drives that I could start doing sysgens (mostly) in production jobstream (rather than needing stand alone dedicated time with the "starter system").

posts mentioning HASP, JES2, CRJE/NJE/NJI, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

recent posts mentioning MPIO rewrite
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#61 Mainframe IPL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#81 Keypunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#27 DEBE?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#25 Field Support and PSRs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#27 Learning EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#38 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#43 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#44 Blank 80-column punch cards up for grabs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#47 Recode 1401 MPIO for 360/30
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#19 1401 MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#20 1401 MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#43 IBM Mainframe

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

After WW2, US Antifa come home

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: After WW2, US Antifa come home
Date: 24 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
After WW2, US Antifa come home

Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler
... wrote "War Is A Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
... and was asked to lead an american fascist military take-over of the gov. and blew the whistle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot

other refs:

Wealthy bankers and businessmen plotted to overthrow FDR. A retired general foiled it.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2021/01/13/fdr-roosevelt-coup-business-plot/
Wall Street's Plot to Seize the White House: Facing the Corporate Roots of American Fascism
http://coat.ncf.ca/our_magazine/links/53/53-index.html
When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
https://www.npr.org/2012/02/12/145472726/when-the-bankers-plotted-to-overthrow-fdr
Gen. Butler Bares 'Fascist Plot' To Seize Government by Force
https://www.nytimes.com/1934/11/21/archives/gen-butler-bares-fascist-plot-to-seize-government-by-force-says.html
The plot to overthrow FDR: How the New Deal sent conservatives into a rage. The right's temper tantrums over Obamacare are nothing compared to what Roosevelt had to deal with
https://www.salon.com/2014/04/18/the_plot_to_overthrow_fdr_how_the_new_deal_sent_conservatives_into_a_rage_partner/
Foiled Coup: The Connecticut Plot to Overthrow Franklin Roosevelt
https://www.blackstarnews.com/us-politics/justice/foiled-coup-the-connecticut-plot-to-overthrow-franklin-roosevelt

John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

American Nazis Rally in New York City. On February 20, 1939, the pro-Nazi German American Bund drew more than 20,000 people to a rally in Madison Square Garden.
https://newspapers.ushmm.org/events/american-nazis-rally-in-new-york-city

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.
... snip ...

Later somewhat replay of the 1940 celebration, there was conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

various past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#21 A People's Guide to the War Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#59 WW2 Strategic Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#96 How Ike Led
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#33 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#161 Fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#145 The Plots Against the President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#112 When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#69 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#98 Christian nationalists are trying to seize power -- but progressives have a plan to fight back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#50 More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#77 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017; The ratio of CEO-to-worker compensation grew to 312-to-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#70 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#33 old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#103 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#61 How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#67 IBM's Chief Executive's Message to Shareholders 75 Years Ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#8 The First World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#31 The U.S. was not founded as a Christian nation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#62 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#102 75 years ago, Hitler invaded Poland. Here's how it happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#102 pneumatic cash systems was Re: [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#55 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#105 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#23 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#40 Job Loyalty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#10 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#69 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#11 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#2 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#11 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#78 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#77 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#33 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#32 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#3 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#11 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#58 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Indian Wars

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Indian Wars
Date: 24 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
Generals South, Generals North: The Commanders of the Civil War Reconsidered
https://www.amazon.com/Generals-South-North-Commanders-Reconsidered-ebook/dp/B012A1WML6/
loc6085-88:
Despite the mixed results of his approach to cavalry and the moral ambiguity (in the Indian Wars verging on genocide) of his policy of waging war on civilians, it cannot be denied that Sheridan was a superb leader of troops, a fine tactician, and an aggressive fighter, who was especially effective in forcing Lee to surrender his Army of Northern Virginia in the closing weeks of the Civil War.
... snip ...

Comanche Empire
https://www.amazon.com/Comanche-Empire-Lamar-Western-History-ebook/dp/B001HZZ05C/
loc4690-93:
When planning Comanche campaigns, the U.S. Army was able to draw on its rapidly accumulating experience in fighting the Plains Indians. The Lakota wars had revealed that regular soldiers, although armed with Colt revolvers and Winchester repeating rifles, were a poor match for the highly motivated and mobile Indian warriors

loc4695-99:
Short of troops and wary of open battles, the army set out to deprive the Comanches of shelter and sustenance by destroying their winter camps, food supplies, and horse herds. By the early 1870s this kind of total warfare against entire populations was an established practice in the U.S. Army.
... snip ...

Plains Indians
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plains_Indians
In 1874, President Ulysses S. Grant "pocket vetoed" a Federal bill to protect the dwindling bison herds, and in 1875 General Philip Sheridan pleaded to a joint session of Congress to slaughter the herds, to deprive the Plains Indians of their source of food.[27]
... snip ...

The Earth Is Weeping
https://www.amazon.com/Earth-Weeping-Story-Indian-American-ebook/dp/B01BAU2L2S/
pg277/loc4191-98:
On November 3, Grant held a secret meeting in the White House with a select few like-minded generals and civilian officials to map out a war plan. On that day, the Peace Policy breathed its last. Generals Sheridan and Crook were present; General Sherman was not. He had fallen out with Secretary of War William W. Belknap and moved his headquarters from Washington to St. Louis. It is doubtful that anyone regretted Sherman's absence; more scrupulous than Sheridan, he might have objected to a plan that he considered illegal or unethical. Also absent was the peace proponent General Terry, in whose department the non-treaty bands wintered. The hawkish and morally bankrupt secretary Belknap attended. So too did the anti-Indian secretary of the interior, Zachariah Chandler. It is a sad reflection of the moral cesspool into which the Grant administration had sunk that the first instance of real cooperation between the War Department and the Bureau of Indian Affairs involved the most egregious treachery ever contemplated by the government against the Plains Indians.

pg277/loc4199-4203:
The conferees agreed on a two-phase plan. The president's edict reaffirming Lakota ownership of the Black Hills would stand, but the army would no longer enforce it. If the Lakotas retaliated against white trespassers, so much the better. Hostilities would help legitimize the secret second phase of the operation. To wit, the non-treaty Lakotas were to be given an impossibly short deadline to report to their agencies; the Indian Bureau was to fabricate complaints against them; and General Sheridan would begin preparations for his favorite form of warfare: a winter campaign against unsuspecting Indian villages.

pg278/loc4207-11:
To prime the public for war, the government leaked an inflammatory report of a routine tour of the Dakota and Montana Indian agencies by an Indian Bureau inspector dated nine days after the secret White House conference. The report was a put-up job to suit the administration's secret purpose. The "wild and hostile bands of Sioux Indians," roared the inspector, "richly merit punishment for their incessant warfare, and their numerous murders of settlers and their families, or white men wherever found unarmed." The true policy, the bureau cat's-paw concluded, was to whip them into subjection, the sooner the better.

pg278/loc4215-16:
All appeared neatly in order to commence a war of naked aggression.
... snip ...

Chernow seems to spin the corruption & treachery as Grant not directly involved.
https://www.amazon.com/Grant-Ron-Chernow-ebook/dp/B06W2J89PV/
pg1050/loc18821-25:
THE LAST THING Grant needed after the Whiskey Ring scandal was more cabinet wrongdoing, but the bloodletting had not yet ceased. The tenure of Secretary of the Interior Columbus Delano had been shadowed by controversy. His department was rife with fraud, suffering from accusations of an "Indian Ring" of corrupt agents who exploited Native Americans. To worsen matters, his son was accused of blackmail and corruption in the Wyoming Territory. As charges against Delano mounted, Grant resisted pleas to sack him.
... snip ...

other recen refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#79 60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#83 people's heights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#95 More Immigration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#40 Indian Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#44 Rep. Cheney Accuses Tribes of "Destroying our Western Way of Life" Over Sacred Grizzly Protections
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#62 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#63 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#71 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#72 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#73 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#74 Comanche Empire

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Giuliani's Law License Is Suspended Over Trump Election Lies

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Giuliani's Law License Is Suspended Over Trump Election Lies
Date: 24 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
Giuliani's Law License Is Suspended Over Trump Election Lies
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/24/nyregion/giuliani-law-license-suspended-trump.html
The former mayor of New York, once the top federal prosecutor in Manhattan, is now temporarily barred from practicing law in the state and faces disbarment.
... snip ...

Rudy Giuliani suspended from practicing law in New York
https://www.axios.com/rudy-giuliani-new-york-law-license-48095707-332d-4b4d-9670-b10ad0a165d4.html
Rudy Giuliani has been suspended from practicing law in the state of New York due to his false statements about the 2020 election, according to a court filing.
... snip ...

PDF URL ref:
http://www.nycourts.gov/courts/ad1/calendar/List_Word/2021/06_Jun/24/PDF/Matter%20of%20Giuliani%20(2021-00506)%20PC.pdf

a couple Giuliani refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#33 The Great Hack tells us data corrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#78 Retired Marine Gen. John Allen: 'There is blood on Trump's hands for abandoning our Kurdish allies'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#81 Russia, not China, tried to influence 2020 election, says US intel community

posts mentioning election
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#21 Saudi ruler aimed to 'silence' Washington Post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#2 How an obscure British PC maker invented ARM and changed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#17 Performance History, 5-10Oct1986, SEAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#24 Trump Tells Georgia Official to Steal Election in Recorded Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#29 How the Republican Party Went Feral. Democracy is now threatened by malevolent tribalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#35 Washington DC Rioting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#40 National Guard deployment in DC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#85 IBM Auditors and Games
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#77 April 1st Corporate/Password Directive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#4 Microsoft president asks Congress to force private-sector orgs to publicly admit when they've been hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#30 The Supreme Court Finally Lets the Light Shine on Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#45 McAfee antivirus software creator charged with cheating investors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#81 Russia, not China, tried to influence 2020 election, says US intel community
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#7 The GOP's Fake Controversy Over Colin Kahl Is Just the Beginning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#65 Apple, Amazon and Google slam 'discriminatory' voting restriction laws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#76 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#59 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#74 WEB Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#92 Anti-virus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#95 Larry Summers, the Man Who Won't Shut Up, No Matter How Wrong He's Been
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#39 'Bipartisanship' Is Dead in Washington

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How They Stole $50 Trillion. How We Take It Back

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How They Stole $50 Trillion. How We Take It Back
Date: 24 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
How They Stole $50 Trillion. How We Take It Back
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/06/25/how-they-stole-50-trillion-how-we-take-it-back/
The 1970's: The Great Austerity Begins; The Corporate Two-Step; Big Unions Retreat; The Reagan Revolution; How We Take It Back In the end, expropriation and redistribution may be the only practical solution since that would limit the need to produce new wealth. That means we must retake the $50 trillion stolen by the 1% and spread it around equal.
... snip ...

Lord of the Roths: How Tech Mogul Peter Thiel Turned a Retirement Account for the Middle Class Into a $5 Billion Tax-Free Piggy Bank
https://www.propublica.org/article/lord-of-the-roths-how-tech-mogul-peter-thiel-turned-a-retirement-account-for-the-middle-class-into-a-5-billion-dollar-tax-free-piggy-bank

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
tax evasion, fraud, avoidance, havens, loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.fraud

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#13 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#17 Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#49 The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#52 There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#74 The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe mid-range computing market

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Mainframe mid-range computing market
Date: 25 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
4300s sold into the same mid-range market and in about the same numbers as DEC VAX machines ... for single or small unit orders. The big difference was large corporations (and internal IBM) ordering hundreds of vm/4341s at a time for placing out in departmental (non-datacenter areas) .... sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami. The other was large cluster computer farms ... sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami.

After transfer to SJR, I got to wander around a lot of IBM and customer datacenters in silicon valley. One of the places was disk engineering and product test (bldg 14&15) across the street from SJR/bldg28. At the time they were running prescheduled, 7x24, around the clock, stand-alone machine testing. They had recently tried MVS (for testing), but found it had 15min mean-time-between-failure, requiring manual re-ipl (in that environment). I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail, allowing any amount of on-demand concurrent testing (greatly improving productivity). Product test would get some of the earliest engineering machines (sometimes serial 3 or 4) for I/O testing ... including very early 4341/E5 ... and I tended to have a lot more 4341 use than most of the people in the Endicott engineering lab. Jan1979, I got asked to do benchmark for national lab that was looking at getting 70 for compute farm.

posts getting to play disk engineer in bldg14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

The original SQL/RDBMS implementation was System/R done on vm/145 in SJR ... and then Bank Of American was early pilot site getting 60 vm/4341s for distributed System/R deployment.

One of the problems for MVS was couldn't play in the non-datacenter, distributed computing market ... since the only mid-range, non-datacenter disks were 3370 FBA (all the CKD DASD were datacenter deployment). Eventually they did 3375, CKD emulation on 3370 FBA for MVS for the distributed market. However, it didn't do them much good, MVS support was typically measured in tens of support people per system, while the distributed computing market required tens of systems per support person.

original SQL/RDBMS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr
CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc DASD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

As per cluster 4341s, cluster of 4341s had higher throughput and processing than 3033, much cheaper, much less floor space and much less environmentals. Folklore is that at one point POK was so threatened that they managed to convince corporate to cut allocation of critical 4341 manufacturing component in half. There were both IBM and non-IBM cluster 4341 implementations ... one of the IBM implementations was taking much less than second to do non-SNA cluster coordination operations (trotter/3088, eight channel CTCA). The communication group complained that they wouldn't sign-off unless they moved to SNA/VTAM ... then the same cluster coordination operations were taking over 30sec elapsed time.

Later, communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server, distributed computing, and releasing mainframe TCP/IP support. When they lost the battle to block releasing TCP/IP support, they switched tactics and said that the communication group had corporate strategic "ownership" of everything that crossed the datacenter walls and TCP/IP had to be released through them ... what shipped got 44kbyte/sec throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I did the RFC1044 enhancements and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and 4341, we got sustained 4341 channel speed throughput using only a modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

RFC1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

One of the internal IBM jokes was that so many departmental conference rooms were taken over for vm/4341s, that conference rooms were increasingly becoming scarce commodity.

... the next official DBMS follow-on for IMS was EAGLE ... and while corporation was pre-occupied, managed to do System/R tech transfer to Endicott (under the radar) for SQL/DS. Then later when EAGLE implodes, there was request for how fast could System/R be ported to MVS ... which was eventually released as DB2, originally for decision/support only.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe mid-range computing market

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Mainframe mid-range computing market
Date: 25 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#84 Mainframe mid-range computing market

Summer 1982, I spent several weeks in Europe giving one week VM/370 classes at various locations. One was at Orleans lab ... a lot of the people associated with doing (VM/)BOIS (France distributed branch office information system). I then did a trip report with quite a bit devoted to BOIS. Now I was already being sanctioned, blamed for online computer conferencing in the late 70s and early 80s on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) ... and apparently communication group was now also complaining I was singing the praises of distributed computing and BOIS success.

Date: 09/15/82 09:34:22

To: wheeler
From: xxxxx @ RESPOND

Thanks for the copy of your trip report, which I'm reading with great interest - especially the section on Orleans - I was involved in the early days of the project, in trying to get them a sensible interface to the European CON/370 network. The odd thing is that BOIS obviously fills a need not catered for by thorough-designed systems like AAS, but the developers of AAS (ie Respond) don't have any intention to add "Information Center" products to their output: they still believe in the cycle of specification, design, coding release and improvement request, in spite of the fact that the cycle can last two years.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

old "trip report" email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#email820912
email from ibm france i/s about
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#email820215

Folklore was that when corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. One of the outcomes were approved&permitted official online internal forums. From IBMJARGON ... version can be found online here
http://www.comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

some posts mentioning departmental computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#62 Migration off mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#15 Mainframe Hall of Fame: Three New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#18 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#13 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#4 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#12 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#66 vm marketing (cross post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#7 The demise of compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#15 departmental servers

recent posts mentioning tandem memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#55 3380 disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#31 IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#82 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#8 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#3 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#41 Teaching IBM Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#39 WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#17 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#88 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#76 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#83 Kinder/Gentler IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#45 Boyd, OODA-loop and Agile Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#31 Tandem Memo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#2 How an obscure British PC maker invented ARM and changed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#28 50 years online at home

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Custer Met His End at Little Bighorn

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How Custer Met His End at Little Bighorn
Date: 25 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
How Custer Met His End at Little Bighorn
https://www.historynet.com/last-stand.htm
In that year of 1876, the United States manufactured a war against the Sioux. Under the Treaty of 1868, most of these people had settled on a huge reservation in Dakota Territory. But some 3,000 tribesmen continued to roam the buffalo ranges in Wyoming and Montana, a right conceded by the treaty.
...
Since the Sitting Bull bands had provided no recent pretext for war, the government simply labeled them "hostile" and ordered them to abandon the old free life and settle on the reservation. From this order, predictably ignored by the Sioux bands scattered over the winter landscape, sprang the Great Sioux War of 1876.
... snip ...

Generals South, Generals North: The Commanders of the Civil War Reconsidered
https://www.amazon.com/Generals-South-North-Commanders-Reconsidered-ebook/dp/B012A1WML6/
loc6085-88:
Despite the mixed results of his approach to cavalry and the moral ambiguity (in the Indian Wars verging on genocide) of his policy of waging war on civilians, it cannot be denied that Sheridan was a superb leader of troops, a fine tactician, and an aggressive fighter, who was especially effective in forcing Lee to surrender his Army of Northern Virginia in the closing weeks of the Civil War.
... snip ...

Comanche Empire
https://www.amazon.com/Comanche-Empire-Lamar-Western-History-ebook/dp/B001HZZ05C/
loc4690-93:
When planning Comanche campaigns, the U.S. Army was able to draw on its rapidly accumulating experience in fighting the Plains Indians. The Lakota wars had revealed that regular soldiers, although armed with Colt revolvers and Winchester repeating rifles, were a poor match for the highly motivated and mobile Indian warriors

loc4695-99:

Short of troops and wary of open battles, the army set out to deprive the Comanches of shelter and sustenance by destroying their winter camps, food supplies, and horse herds. By the early 1870s this kind of total warfare against entire populations was an established practice in the U.S. Army.
... snip ...

Plains Indians
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plains_Indians
In 1874, President Ulysses S. Grant "pocket vetoed" a Federal bill to protect the dwindling bison herds, and in 1875 General Philip Sheridan pleaded to a joint session of Congress to slaughter the herds, to deprive the Plains Indians of their source of food.[27]
... snip ...

The Earth Is Weeping
https://www.amazon.com/Earth-Weeping-Story-Indian-American-ebook/dp/B01BAU2L2S/
pg277/loc4191-98:
On November 3, Grant held a secret meeting in the White House with a select few like-minded generals and civilian officials to map out a war plan. On that day, the Peace Policy breathed its last. Generals Sheridan and Crook were present; General Sherman was not. He had fallen out with Secretary of War William W. Belknap and moved his headquarters from Washington to St. Louis. It is doubtful that anyone regretted Sherman's absence; more scrupulous than Sheridan, he might have objected to a plan that he considered illegal or unethical. Also absent was the peace proponent General Terry, in whose department the non-treaty bands wintered. The hawkish and morally bankrupt secretary Belknap attended. So too did the anti-Indian secretary of the interior, Zachariah Chandler. It is a sad reflection of the moral cesspool into which the Grant administration had sunk that the first instance of real cooperation between the War Department and the Bureau of Indian Affairs involved the most egregious treachery ever contemplated by the government against the Plains Indians.

pg277/loc4199-4203:
The conferees agreed on a two-phase plan. The president's edict reaffirming Lakota ownership of the Black Hills would stand, but the army would no longer enforce it. If the Lakotas retaliated against white trespassers, so much the better. Hostilities would help legitimize the secret second phase of the operation. To wit, the non-treaty Lakotas were to be given an impossibly short deadline to report to their agencies; the Indian Bureau was to fabricate complaints against them; and General Sheridan would begin preparations for his favorite form of warfare: a winter campaign against unsuspecting Indian villages.

pg278/loc4207-11:
To prime the public for war, the government leaked an inflammatory report of a routine tour of the Dakota and Montana Indian agencies by an Indian Bureau inspector dated nine days after the secret White House conference. The report was a put-up job to suit the administration's secret purpose. The "wild and hostile bands of Sioux Indians," roared the inspector, "richly merit punishment for their incessant warfare, and their numerous murders of settlers and their families, or white men wherever found unarmed." The true policy, the bureau cat's-paw concluded, was to whip them into subjection, the sooner the better.

pg278/loc4215-16:
All appeared neatly in order to commence a war of naked aggression.
... snip ...

Chernow seems to spin the corruption & treachery as Grant not directly involved.
https://www.amazon.com/Grant-Ron-Chernow-ebook/dp/B06W2J89PV/
pg1050/loc18821-25:
THE LAST THING Grant needed after the Whiskey Ring scandal was more cabinet wrongdoing, but the bloodletting had not yet ceased. The tenure of Secretary of the Interior Columbus Delano had been shadowed by controversy. His department was rife with fraud, suffering from accusations of an "Indian Ring" of corrupt agents who exploited Native Americans. To worsen matters, his son was accused of blackmail and corruption in the Wyoming Territory. As charges against Delano mounted, Grant resisted pleas to sack him.
... snip ...

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#14 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#44 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#45 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#48 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#92 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#79 60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#83 people's heights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#95 More Immigration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#40 Indian Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#62 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#63 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#71 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#72 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#73 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#74 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#81 Indian Wars

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe mid-range computing market

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Mainframe mid-range computing market
Date: 25 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#84 Mainframe mid-range computing market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#85 Mainframe mid-range computing market

There is some claim that cloud is merger of distributed computing tsunami and cluster supercomputing tsunami enabled by advanced internet technology. A large cloud operator will have a dozen or more large megadatacenters around the world (staffed by 80-120 people), each with half a million or more blade systems, and each blade system having ten times or more processing than max. configured mainframe (along with blade system performance on improvement cycle much better than mainframe).

Starting in early 80s, I had HSDT project with T1 (1.5mbit/sec) and faster computer links. In the early 80s, we were working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputing centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually they release an RFP (in part based on what we already had running). IBM internal politics prevent us from bidding, the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other agencies), copying IBM CEO ... but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet.
... snip ...

as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

... aka modern internet originated from a program providing access to the NSF supercomputer centers while the supercomputers were evolving into massive clusters of processors.

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
megadatacenter postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe mid-range computing market

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Mainframe mid-range computing market
Date: 25 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#84 Mainframe mid-range computing market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#85 Mainframe mid-range computing market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#87 Mainframe mid-range computing market

The last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP, it originally started out as HA/6000 for NYTimes to enable them porting their newspaper system (ATEX) from VAX/Cluster to IBM. When I started doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP. Old reference to Jan1992 meeting on commercial cluster scaleup in (Oracle CEO) conference room (16-way by mid-1992, 128-way by ye1992).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Within a few weeks, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM Supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later. Some of the same people blocking our NSF bidding, also involved in cluster scaleup transfer

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

iBM System/3 FORTRAN for engineering/science work?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: iBM System/3 FORTRAN for engineering/science work?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 27 Jun 2021 13:40:28 -1000
"Kerr-Mudd, John" <admin@127.0.0.1> writes:
Does anyone recall these computers?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_8100


communication group greatly underpowered line of UC processors ... also used in 37x5 boxes (science center had tried to get them to use significantly better peachtree processor developed for series/1 in 37x5 boxes). Later, at one point Evans asks my wife to audit 8100 ... short time later, 8100 was "decommitted".

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
Date: 27 June 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#49 The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#52 There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#62 The Political Establishment Doesn't Want You to Know the Economy Is Rigged
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#74 The Secret IRS Files: Trove of Never-Before-Seen Records Reveal How the Wealthiest Avoid Income Tax
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#83 How They Stole $50 Trillion. How We Take It Back

The Ultrawealthy Have Hijacked Roth IRAs. The Senate Finance Chair Is Eyeing a Crackdown. Sen. Ron Wyden, chair of the Senate Finance Committee, said he planned to rein in tax breaks for gargantuan Roth retirement accounts after ProPublica exposed how the superrich used them to shield their fortunes from taxes
https://www.propublica.org/article/the-ultrawealthy-have-hijacked-roth-iras-the-senate-finance-chair-is-eyeing-a-crackdown
Leading Manhattan DA Candidate Has Repeatedly Paid Virtually No Federal Income Taxes
https://www.propublica.org/article/leading-manhattan-da-candidate-has-repeatedly-paid-virtually-no-federal-income-taxes
ProPublica's Tax Revelations Lead to Calls for Reforms -- and Investigation
https://www.propublica.org/article/propublicas-tax-revelations-lead-to-calls-for-reforms-and-investigation
The Secret IRS Files Short Form: A Quick Guide to What We Uncovered
https://www.propublica.org/article/the-secret-irs-files-short-form-a-quick-guide-to-what-we-uncovered

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
tax evasion, fraud, avoidance, havens, loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Custer Met His End at Little Bighorn

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How Custer Met His End at Little Bighorn
Date: 27 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#81 Indian Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#86 How Custer Met His End at Little Bighorn

The Battle of Little Big Horn, Explained
https://www.teenvogue.com/story/the-battle-of-little-big-horn-explained
Treaties Between the United States and Indigenous Nations, Explained
https://www.teenvogue.com/story/treaties-between-the-united-states-and-indigenous-nations-explained
Colonialism, Explained
https://www.teenvogue.com/story/colonialism-explained

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

related past indian war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#61 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#14 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#44 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#45 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#48 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#92 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#79 60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#83 people's heights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#95 More Immigration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#40 Indian Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#43 How a Right-Wing Attack on Protections for Native American Children Could Upend Indian Law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#62 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#63 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#71 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#72 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#73 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#74 Comanche Empire

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe mid-range computing market

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Mainframe mid-range computing market
Date: 28 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#84 Mainframe mid-range computing market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#85 Mainframe mid-range computing market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#87 Mainframe mid-range computing market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#88 Mainframe mid-range computing market

by mid-80s, mid-range market was starting to move to workstations and large PCs ... so 4361&4381 didn't enjoy the continued explosion in sales saw with 4331/4341. As mentioned upthread, 4331/4341 sold into same mid-range market as DEC VAX machines ... and the shift in mid-range market can be seen in this (archived post) decade of DEC VAX sales ... sliced and diced by year, model, US/non-US:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0
the above does include the 64,900 MV-II (microvax-2) which is not actually part of the mid-range market.

The post also mentioned 6500 VAXclusters installed. As mentioned upthread, the last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP. It started out as HA/6000 for the NYTimes to move its newspaper system (ATEX) off VAXcluster to IBM. When I started on (technical/scientific) cluster scaleup with national labs and (commercial) cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ESCON Experience

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM ESCON Experience
Date: 28 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
1980, I'm con'ed into doing channel-extender support for STL (now SVL), bursting at the seams and moving 300 people from IMS group to offsite bldg with dataprocessing back to STL datacenter. They tried "remote 3270" and found human factors totally unacceptable. Channel-extender allows channel-attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg with no difference in human factors offsite and in STL. Hardware vendor tries to get IBM to release my support, but there is group in POK playing with some serial stuff and afraid if it was in the market, it would make it more difficult getting their stuff released (and get it vetoed).

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

In 1988, LLNL is playing with some serial stuff and I'm asked to help them get it standardized, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard ("FCS", with some stuff I had done in 1980).

Then POK people finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already obsolete. FCS had started out 1gbit, full-duplex (200mbyte/sec aggregate) compared to ESCON approx. 17mbyte/sec.

Then some POK engineers start playing with FCS and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically cuts the native throughput which is finally released as FICON. The most recent public benchmark I can find is "peak I/O" for z196 that gets 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS). About the same time there was FCS announced for e5-2500 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS have higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 FCS).

note ... mainframes typically still required CKD DASD ... even though no real CKD has been made for decades, all being simulated on industry standard disks ... as well as FICON is heavy-weight protocol (drastically cutting native throughput) running on industry standard FCS.

FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LSG Lab Story

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: LSG Lab Story
Date: 28 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
LSG trivia: GPD had gotten a new president (not an engineer) and didn't care for the plant site ... they had got a house somewhere in LSG valley ... and was having a portion of Los Gatos redid just for him and his secretarial staff ... it was going to have a private drive way and entrance and cordoned off from the rest of the bldg. A lot of people were blaming the non-engineer for numerous of the problems GPD was going through at the time ... and got replaced with engineer former head of POK before the private driveway and other remodeling was finished. I then got much of the new section being remodeled as well as lab space in the basement.

I was in San Jose Research, but had been transferred to yorktown (for lots of transgressions, including blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s), but left to live in San Jose (with office in SJR/bldg28, then in new Almaden, but had to commute to yorktown periodically a cuple times/month) ... but also got the LSG space.

CMC/online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Got to hear lot of the ATM stories. One of the first ATMs was across the street from McDonalds and kids were taking ketchup packets and feeding them into the card slot and watch it squirt ketchep out (but also inside the machine).

some past posts mentionin bldg.29 (los gatos lab)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#51 link-layer encryptors for Ethernet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#3 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#7 The Network Data Model, foundation for Relational Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#17 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#31 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#35 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#14 something like a CTC on a PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#1 4shift schedule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#6 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#0 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#27 modern paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#53 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#0 By Any Other Name
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#5 LSM - Los Gatos State Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#60 IBM Hardest Problem(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#14 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#28 IBM Cottle Plant Site

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
Date: 28 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State. The war in Afghanistan has looked a lot like the war on drugs in Latin America and previous colonial campaigns in Asia, with a rapid militarization of the area and the empowerment of pliant local elites.
https://www.mintpressnews.com/cia-afghanistan-drug-trade-opium/277780/
This is a far cry from the 1970s, when poppy production was minimal, and largely for domestic consumption. But this changed in 1979 when the CIA launched Operation Cyclone, the widespread funding of Afghan Mujahideen militias in an attempt to bleed dry the then-recent Soviet invasion. Over the next decade, the CIA worked closely with its Pakistani counterpart, the ISI, to funnel $2 billion worth of arms and assistance to these groups, including the now infamous Osama Bin Laden and other warlords known for such atrocities as throwing acid in the faces of unveiled women.
... snip ...

... note, from law of unintended consequences, Wahhabi extremism may be our own fault that came back to bite us. Former CIA director, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

posts mentioning wahhabi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#52 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#73 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#25 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#26 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#70 Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#85 Just and Unjust Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#105 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#113 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#124 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#135 Permanent Record
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#143 "Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Extremism Has Spread Into the Mainstream

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Extremism Has Spread Into the Mainstream
Date: 28 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State

Extremism Has Spread Into the Mainstream. Preventing American radicalization requires a public-health approach.
https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2021/06/extremism-has-spread-mainstream/174806/

How to Root Out Extremism in the US Military. Start by figuring out how pervasive the problem is.
https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2021/02/how-root-out-extremism-us-military/171744/
Pentagon Works to Sharpen Definition of 'Extremism'. Review could reshape cooperation with domestic agencies, consequences for troops' social media posts, and more.
https://www.defenseone.com/policy/2021/06/pentagon-works-sharpen-definition-extremism/174818/
The Domestic Counterterrorism Strategy Is a Good Start--But Needs More. For at least three reasons, domestic CT strategy is harder than the international one that worked against al Qaeda.
https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2021/06/domestic-counterterrorism-strategy-good-start-needs-more/174777/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What Underlies the G.O.P. Commitment to Ignorance?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: What Underlies the G.O.P. Commitment to Ignorance?
Date: 29 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
What Underlies the G.O.P. Commitment to Ignorance?
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/28/opinion/tucker-carlson-general-milley-republicans.html
What set Carlson off was testimony in which Milley told a congressional hearing that he considered it important "for those of us in uniform to be open-minded and widely read."

The problem is obvious. Closed-mindedness and ignorance have become core conservative values, and those who reject these values are the enemy, no matter what they may have done to serve the country.

... snip ...

What critics of the "woke" army don't understand. Military commanders have long felt their personnel should understand the country they are defending.
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2021/06/military-woke-critical-race-theory-milley.html
What Marxism, 'Critical Race Theory,' and Tucker Carlson Share
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2021/06/milley-critical-race-theory-marxism-racism-fox-news/619308/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

No, the Vikings Did Not Discover America

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: No, the Vikings Did Not Discover America
Date: 29 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
No, the Vikings Did Not Discover America. Here's Why That Myth is Problematic. The myth of the Norse discovery of America is tied directly to the country's history of racial inequality
https://time.com/6076460/vikings-discovered-america-myth/
This ahistorical notion of English settlers constituted of a fusion of Anglo-Saxon and Viking blood has been used to justify the appropriation of the homeland of indigenous peoples in the 19th century; the discrimination against Irish, Italian, and Jewish migrants in the 20th; and the continued marginalization of Americans of African and Latino origin in the 21st. The notion that "true" Americans are the descendants of English settlers whose character has been fortified by the admixture of Viking blood is abetted by the myth of the Norse discovery of America.
... snip ...

Note the original English settlement was Jamestown that had planned to follow the Spanish model, military to enslave the local natives to support the settlement. It turns out that the North American natives weren't as cooperative and the original settlement starved. English then switched to sending over other members of the British Isles (also "Caucasian") to serve the purpose. The crown charters for those settlements then had rigid social structure with the "leet-men" at the bottom and "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations".
https://www.amazon.com/Why-Nations-Fail-Origins-Prosperity-ebook/dp/B0058Z4NR8/
pg27:
The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social structure. At the bottom were the "leet-men," with clause 23 noting, "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations."
... snip ...

My wife ancestors were early Scottish settlers, her father was awarded a set of history books (from 1880s history lectures) for some distinction at West Point; that claimed that if it weren't for the mid-Atlantic Scotts prevailing over the English settlers, our form of government would have been a lot less democratic.

... "fake news" dates back to at least founding of the country, both Jefferson and Burr biographies, Hamilton and Federalists portrayed as masters of "fake news". Also portrayed that Hamilton believed himself to be an honorable man, but also that in political and other conflicts, he apparently believed that the ends justified the means. Jefferson constantly battling for separation of church & state and individual freedom, Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power,
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/
loc6457-59:
For Federalists, Jefferson was a dangerous infidel. The Gazette of the United States told voters to choose GOD AND A RELIGIOUS PRESIDENT or impiously declare for "JEFFERSON-AND NO GOD."
... snip ...

.... Jefferson targeted as the prime mover behind the separation of church and state. Also Hamilton/Federalists wanting supreme monarch (above the law)

loc5584-88:
The battles seemed endless, victory elusive. James Monroe fed Jefferson's worries, saying he was concerned that America was being "torn to pieces as we are, by a malignant monarchy faction." 34 A rumor reached Jefferson that Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists Rufus King and William Smith "had secured an asylum to themselves in England" should the Jefferson faction prevail in the government.
... snip ....

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity
Date: 29 Jun 2021
Blog: Facebook
IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity
https://theconversation.com/iq-tests-cant-measure-it-but-cognitive-flexibility-is-key-to-learning-and-creativity-163284

The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
https://qz.com/1314814/universal-education-was-first-promoted-by-industrialists-who-wanted-docile-factory-workers/
Industrial Age education, from late 1800s, early 1900s (time & motion studies, etc), teaching memorization, not thinking, strict conformity, stamping out factory workers for the capitalists and robber barons
https://www.azquotes.com/quote/1212588
How to Break Free of Our 19th-Century Factory-Model Education System. A technology and education entrepreneur gazes into the future of the classroom
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/05/how-to-break-free-of-our-19th-century-factory-model-education-system/256881/
Why Our Industrial-Age Schools Are Failing Our Information-Age Kids
https://www.qualitydigest.com/inside/quality-insider-column/why-our-industrial-age-schools-are-failing-our-information-age-kids

The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation. There are two types of games. One kills creativity and the other is for kids...
https://www.inc.com/stephen-shapiro/why-your-business-needs-more-kid-games-fewer-adult-games.html
Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business
US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html

Even bullying has been standard technique in US education as part of enforcing conformity ... former coworker at IBM cambridge science center and san jose research;
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks "It's Cool to Be Clever:
The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet"
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

recent posts about NSFNET interconnect for supercomputer centers and transition of supercomputers to cluster scaleup and massive number of processors provided the genesis for the modern internet and cloud computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#87 Mainframe mid-range comuting market
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#107 How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#29 Quic gives the internet's data transmission foundation a needed speedup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#30 IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#54 Switch over to Internetworking Protocol

conformity permeates nearly all levels of US education system ... even extending to military academies ... reference to study of German and US military academies the first half of 1900s ... including reference to George Mashall (WW2 chief of staff) was so badly injured in a bullying/hazing incident that he almost had to drop out
https://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/
again lots tracing to "industrial age education" ... Industrial Age Education Is a Disservice to Students
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/industrial-age-education-_b_2974297
AETC Focused on Breaking Away From Industrial-Age Thinking
https://www.airforcemag.com/AETC-Focused-on-Breaking-Away-From-Industrial-Age-Thinking/
Lessons in learning
https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2019/09/study-shows-that-students-learn-more-when-taking-part-in-classrooms-that-employ-active-learning-strategies/

other ...

Businesses urgently need innovative people, so we must dispel the myth that creativity is something mysterious that cannot be encouraged
https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2016/may/18/born-creative-educated-out-of-us-school-business
'No Evidence' Chance Meetings at the Office Boost Innovation
https://it.slashdot.org/story/21/06/27/2025217/no-evidence-chance-meetings-at-the-office-boost-innovation
Do Chance Meetings at the Office Boost Innovation? There's No Evidence of It. For some, the office even stifles creativity. As the pandemic eases in the U.S., a few companies seek to reimagine what work might look like.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/23/upshot/remote-work-innovation-office.html

recent posts mentionining innovation, creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#68 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#49 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#78 OSS in China: Prelude to Cold War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#41 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#32 April 7, 1964: IBM Bets Big on System/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#19 IBM's innovation: Topping the US patent list for 28 years running
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#78 Air Force opens first Montessori Officer Training School
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#103 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#97 IBM Glory days
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#96 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#93 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#90 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#89 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#88 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#87 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#86 Dail-up banking and the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#54 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#21 ESG Drives a Stake Through Friedman's Legacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#18 Trickle Down Economics Started it All
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#15 Death by Powerpoint
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#15 The Other 1 Percent": Morgan Stanley Spots A Market Ratio That Is "Unprecedented Even During The Tech Bubble"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#141 IBM and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#100 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#99 Is America ready to tackle economic inequality?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#90 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#50 Economic Mess and Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#31 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#13 ISO9000, Six Sigma
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#3 The One Type of Game That Kills Creativity and Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#103 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#69 Decline of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#16 The amount of software running on traditional servers is set to almost halve in the next 3 years amid the shift to the cloud, and it's great news for the data center business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#68 Wage Stagnation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#67 Range
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#60 America's Monopoly Crisis Hits the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#87 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First

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