List of Archived Posts

2021 Newsgroup Postings (09/02 - 10/02)

Billionaire Sacklers granted lifetime legal immunity in opioid settlement
IBM Internal network
A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
Biden orders review and potential release of classified documents related to September 11 attacks
The Afghanistan War and Bernie Madoff's Ponzi Scheme Worked the Same Way
Top defense firms spend $1B on lobbying during Afghan war, see $2T return
The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
The time Animoto almost brought AWS to its knees
To Learn More Quickly, Brain Cells Break Their DNA
A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
Corporate boards, consulting, speaking fees: How U.S. generals thrived after Afghanistan
Climate change deniers are as slippery as those who justified the slave trade
Companies Lobbying Against Infrastructure Tax Increases Have Avoided Paying Billions in Taxes
Led by Tesla, EVs drive chip industry's shift beyond silicon
Mystery Flying Wing Aircraft Photographed Over The Philippines
A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
Versatile Cache from IBM
A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
FAA Mainframe
IBM Jargon
The top 1 percent are evading $163 billion a year in taxes, the Treasury finds
fast sort/merge, OoO S/360 descendants
OoO S/360 descendants
Skilled Workers Are Scarce, Posing a Challenge for Biden's Infrastructure Plan
Blowback. The Forever Wars Are Coming Home
The top 1 percent are evading $163 billion a year in taxes, the Treasury finds
Big oil's 'wokewashing' is the new climate science denialism
OoO S/360 descendants
What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
Counterfeit Capitalism: Why a Monopolized Economy Leads to Inflation and Shortages
Afghanistan's Corruption Was Made in America
Top defense firms spend $1B on lobbying during Afghan war, see $2T return
IBM's first 7nm Power10 chip arrives in E1080 server system with a wealth of shiny features
We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward
9/11 and the Saudi Connection. Mounting evidence supports allegations that Saudi Arabia helped fund the 9/11 attacks
The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward
The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
not a 360 either, was Design a better 16 or 32 bit processor
A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
The Long History of Mandated Vaccines in the United States
The Fed Is Deep in Uncharted Waters. Danger Ahead
not a 360 either, was Design a better 16 or 32 bit processor
FBI releases first secret 9/11 file
vs/pascal
The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
The Counterinsurgency Myth
FBI releases first secret 9/11 file
Up to Half of the $14 Trillion Spent by Pentagon Since 9/11 Has Gone to War Profiteers
By Letting Saudi Arabia Off the Hook Over 9/11, the US Encouraged Violent Jihadism
The Kill Chain
The Kill Chain
America's 'White Elephant': Why F-35 Stealth Jets Are USAF's 'Achilles Heel' Amid Growing Chinese Threats
"We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike
"We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike
Saving $3.5 Trillion on Prescription Drugs to Pay for Bernie Sanders's Big Agenda
The Uproar Ovear the "Ultimate American Bible"
How Did America's Sherman Tank Win against Superior German Tanks in World War II?
Virtual Machine Debugging
Virtual Machine Debugging
Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
Virtual Machine Debugging
Matt Stoller: #OccupyWallStreet Is a Church of Dissent, Not a Protest
Virtual Machine Debugging
Virtual Machine Debugging
IBM ITPS
IBM MYTE
IBM MYTE
IBM MYTE
FDC Haggerstown
IBM MYTE
IBM MYTE
IBM ITPS
IBM ITPS
IBM ACP/TPF
IBM ACP/TPF
IBM Downturn
IBM Downturn
IBM Downturn
IBM Downturn
IBM Downturn
IBM Downturn
IBM 3033 channel I/O testing
IBM EMAIL
UPS & PDUs
IBM Downturn
IBM Downturn
Empire of chickenhawks: Why America's chaotic departure from Afghanistan was actually perfect
bootstrap, was What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
How IBM lost the cloud
How IBM lost the cloud
bootstrap, was What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
SUSE Reviving Usenet
When the New York Times Colludes With the Billionaire Class
The End of World Bank's "Doing Business Report": A Landmark Victory for People & Planet
The Koch Empire Goes All Out to Sink Joe Biden's Agenda -- and His Presidency, Too
SUSE Reviving Usenet
IBM Lost Opportunities
IBM Lost Opportunities
IBM Lost Opportunities

Billionaire Sacklers granted lifetime legal immunity in opioid settlement

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Billionaire Sacklers granted lifetime legal immunity in opioid settlement
Date: 02 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Billionaire Sacklers granted lifetime legal immunity in opioid settlement. Several states already plan to appeal what the judge himself called "a bitter result."
https://arstechnica.com/science/2021/09/billionaire-sacklers-granted-lifetime-legal-immunity-in-opioid-settlement/

Purdue Pharma bankruptcy plan approved, resolving opioid claims and giving Sackler family civil immunity
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2021/09/01/purdue-pharma-bankruptcy-judge-ruling/
OxyContin maker to plead guilty to federal criminal charges, pay $8 billion, and will close the company
https://www.cnn.com/2020/10/21/business/purdue-pharma-guilty-plea/index.html
Purdue Pharma agrees to plead guilty to federal criminal charges in settlement over opioid crisis
https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/2020/10/21/purdue-pharma-charges/
The Sacklers Could Get Away With It. The family behind Purdue Pharma made a fortune on the opioid epidemic. Will they ever truly face justice?
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/22/opinion/sacklers-opioid-epidemic.html
Purdue Pharma Made Political Contributions After Going Bankrupt
https://theintercept.com/2020/07/07/purdue-pharma-bankrupt-donations/

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#89 A Secret Opioid Memo That Could Have Slowed an Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#53 Patient Advocates Get Big Funding from Big Pharma
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#5 The drug industry's triumph over the DEA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#84 "Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#70 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Internal network

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Internal network
Date: 02 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#90 IBM Internal network
other pieces of the thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#92 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#84 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#83 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#82 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#79 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#78 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#24 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#16 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#15 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#14 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#13 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#4 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#3 IBM Internal Network

Vern Watts (IMS) also in full list mainframe hall of fame
https://web.archive.org/web/20110817070419/http://www.mainframezone.com/static/mainframe-hall-of-fame

original sql/relational implementation was System/R at SJR on vm/145 ... and I got sucked into doing some of the work. Then in late 1980 when Jim Gray was leaving for Tandem, he was palming some number of stuff on me ... including handle consulting with the IMS group in STL ... old archived email from 16Oct1980
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016

system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

Bob Yelavich (CICS) also in full list
https://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/http://www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm

CICS/BDAM posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

past refs to mainframe hall of fame
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#105 Mainframe Hall of Fame
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#104 Mainframe Hall of Fame
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#32 (External):Re: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#42 Mainframe Hall of Frame. List of influential mainframers thoughout history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#60 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#62 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#47 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#78 Mainframe Hall of Fame (MHOF)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#27 Mainframe Hall of Fame (MHOF)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#21 Mainframe Hall of Fame (MHOF)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#19 Mainframe Hall of Fame: Three New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#16 Mainframe Hall of Fame: Three New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#15 Mainframe Hall of Fame: Three New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#60 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#57 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#54 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#51 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#50 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#49 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#45 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#70 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#50 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#49 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#48 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#19 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Fri, 03 Sep 2021 07:53:34 -1000
A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU. A typical Telum-powered mainframe offers 256 cores at a base clock of 5+GHz.
https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2021/09/ibms-telum-mainframe-processor-introduces-new-cache-architecture/
The 14 nm IBM z15 CPU which Telum is replacing features five total processors--two pairs of 12-core Compute Processors and one System Controller. Each Compute Processor hosts 256MiB of L3 cache shared between its 12 cores, while the System Controller hosts a whopping 960MiB of L4 cache shared between the four Compute Processors. ...

From here, four Telum CPU packages combine to make one four-socket "drawer," and four of those drawers go into a single mainframe system. This provides 256 total cores on 32 CPUs. Each core runs at a base clockrate over 5 GHz--providing more predictable and consistent latency for real-time transactions than a lower base with higher turbo rate would.

... snip ...

z196 seemed to have been the last where there were real live benchmark numbers ... since then things got a lot more obfuscated ... getting percents from previous machines. z196 documents have some statement that 1/3 to 1/2 of z10->z196 per processor performance improvement is introduction of memory latency compensating technology (that had been in other platforms for long time), out-of-order execution, branch prediction, etc


z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017
z15, 190 processors, 190BIPS* (1000MIPS/proc), Sep2019

• pubs say z15 1.25 times z14 (1.25*150BIPS or 190BIPS)

recent z15 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#44 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#41 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#18 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#31 Main memory as an I/O device

Z196 max config @$30M, benchmark at 50BIPS (#iterations compared to 158-3), large cloud operations commodity was e5-2600 benchmarked 500BIPS (same 158-3 benchmark #iterations) ... before IBM sold off server business and IBM had base list price of $1815 ... z196 $600,000/BIPS, e5-2600 $3.60/BIPS

... large cloud operations have said for at least decade that they assemble their own servers for 1/3rd cost of brand name servers ($1/BIPS ... compared to Z196 $600,000/BIPS) ... IBM sold off its server business about time press was quoting major server chip vendors were shipping half their product directly to the large cloud operations

... aka standard cloud rack mount server blade having at least 10 times the processing of max. configured mainframe at less than .00002% the cost/BIPS ... and large cloud operation will have a dozen or more large cloud megadatacenters around the world, each with more than half million of these blade servers (megadatacenters have so drastically reduced server costs, that power&cooling have increasingly become major factor).

cloud megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Biden orders review and potential release of classified documents related to September 11 attacks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Biden orders review and potential release of classified documents related to September 11 attacks
Date: 03 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Biden orders review and potential release of classified documents related to September 11 attacks
https://www.cnn.com/2021/09/03/politics/september-11-documents-classified-review-executive-order/index.html
President Joe Biden on Friday signed an executive order directing the Department of Justice and other federal agencies to conduct a declassification review of documents related to the FBI's investigation of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks
... snip ...

Biden Moves to Declassify Some Documents Related to Sept. 11. In an executive order, the president instructed Attorney General Merrick B. Garland to publicly release the declassified documents over the next six months.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/09/03/us/politics/biden-sept-11.html

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#38 $10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#11 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#99 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#67 Does America Like Losing Wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#78 The Long-Forgotten Flight That Sent Boeing Off Course
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#64 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#53 The Bush Team's Desperate Hunt for an Iraq Link to 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#27 US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#26 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Afghanistan War and Bernie Madoff's Ponzi Scheme Worked the Same Way

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Afghanistan War and Bernie Madoff's Ponzi Scheme Worked the Same Way
Date: 03 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Afghanistan War and Bernie Madoff's Ponzi Scheme Worked the Same Way
https://foreignpolicy.com/2021/09/02/afghanistan-ponzi-scheme-united-states-war/

Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Top defense firms spend $1B on lobbying during Afghan war, see $2T return

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Top defense firms spend $1B on lobbying during Afghan war, see $2T return
Date: 04 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Top defense firms spend $1B on lobbying during Afghan war, see $2T return. Everyone except the military industrial complex lost the 'war on terror.'
https://responsiblestatecraft.org/2021/09/02/top-defense-firms-see-2t-return-on-1b-investment-in-afghan-war/

Since 9/11, US Has Spent $21 Trillion on Militarism at Home and Abroad. "Our $21 trillion investment in militarism has cost far more than dollars."
https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/09/01/911-us-has-spent-21-trillion-militarism-home-and-abroad

some recent related "war on terror" related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#4 The Afghanistan War and Bernie Madoff's Ponzi Scheme Worked the Same Way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#106 Afghan Crisis Must End America's Empire of War, Corruption and Poverty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#101 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#96 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#38 $10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
Date: 05 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#87 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare

pg15/loc552-54:
The Navy developed the X-47, the first unmanned aerial vehicle to be launched and recovered from an aircraft carrier, which was so effective at dropping its tail hook and landing each time in the exact same place that it damaged the flight deck, and the Navy had to program it to land in different locations on its aircraft carriers.
... snip ...

I had taken two semester hr intro computers/fortran and then within a year, univ hires me fulltime responsible for IBM systems. Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton datacenter was largest in the world, something like $200M-$300m in IBM 360 systems.

747#3 was flying the skies of Seattle getting flt certification. They then found out that 747 autopilot was so exactly flying the glide slope, it always landed in the same exact place on SEATAC runway, starting to crack the runway. They then modified it to spread spread landing around the runway.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instrument_landing_system_glide_path

old archived 747 glide path posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#54 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#69 Digital Planes

I was introduced to John Boyd
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)

in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings. One of his stories was about being vocal that the electronics across the trail wouldn't work and (possibly as punishment) is put in command of "spook base" (about the same time I'm at Boeing) ... biography claims "spook base" was $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (ten times Renton datacenter). Spook base ref (gon 404 but still lives at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Boyd posts and URL refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Sun, 05 Sep 2021 07:57:33 -1000
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#2 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU

some more

IBM's New Mainframe 7nm CPU Telum: 16 Cores At 5GHz, Virtual L3 and L4 Cache
https://slashdot.org/story/21/09/05/0321217/ibms-new-mainframe-7nm-cpu-telum-16-cores-at-5ghz-virtual-l3-and-l4-cache
IBM Telum Processor: the next-gen microprocessor for IBM Z and IBM LinuxONE
https://www.ibm.com/blogs/systems/ibm-telum-processor-the-next-gen-microprocessor-for-ibm-z-and-ibm-linuxone/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The time Animoto almost brought AWS to its knees

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The time Animoto almost brought AWS to its knees
Date: 05 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The time Animoto almost brought AWS to its knees
https://techcrunch.com/2021/09/05/the-time-animoto-almost-brought-aws-to-its-knees/
Dave Brown, who today is Amazon's VP of EC2 and was an engineer on the team back in 2008, said that "every [Animoto] video would initiate, utilize and terminate a separate EC2 instance. For the prior month they had been using between 50 and 100 instances [per day]. On Tuesday their usage peaked at around 400, Wednesday it was 900, and then 3,400 instances as of Friday morning." Animoto was able to keep up with the surge of demand, and AWS was able to provide the necessary resources to do so. Its usage eventually peaked at 5000 instances before it settled back down, proving in the process that elastic computing could actually work.
... snip ...

cloud megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

To Learn More Quickly, Brain Cells Break Their DNA

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: To Learn More Quickly, Brain Cells Break Their DNA
Date: 05 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
To Learn More Quickly, Brain Cells Break Their DNA. DNA double-strand breaks are associated with cancer and aging. A new study shows neurons can use them to quickly express genes related to learning and memory.
https://www.wired.com/story/to-learn-more-quickly-brain-cells-break-their-dna/

To Learn More Quickly, Brain Cells Break Their DNA
https://www.quantamagazine.org/brain-cells-break-their-dna-to-learn-more-quickly-20210830/
How Computationally Complex Is a Single Neuron?
https://www.quantamagazine.org/how-computationally-complex-is-a-single-neuron-20210902/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
Date: 05 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#7 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#2 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU

They don't give sales of systems ... they did give percent of total revenue for ec12 hardware ... which translated into 56 max configured ec12 systems for the year

ec12 system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#18 IBM email migration disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#68 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#95 PDP-11 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#36 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide and or for Europe alone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#24 Unisys CEO ousted, shares slip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#61 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#4 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?

There are some high value legacy apps where conversion risk is greater than cost differential

Mid-90s financial companies was spending billions on redoing software for straight through processing ... real time transactions were being queue for overrnight batch window ... legacy financial settlement software from 60s&70s. During the 90s, globalization was increasing workload and cutting the time of the overnight batch window ... and workload was overrunning time available. Plan was using lots of "killer micros" with parallel straight through processing implemented using some standard parallization software. They were warned that the standard parallelization software had hundred times the overhead of cobol batch ... but they didn't listen until some large pilot operations started imploded in large disasters (100 times increase in overhead more than swamped any throughput they expected to gain from large number of killer micros). Prediction was it would be a long time before it was tried again (at least on any major scale).

In 2000, I was doing some performance work at one datacenter for large financial outsourcing operation ... it had 40+ max. configured IBM mainframes (number needed to finish batch settlement in the overnight window). They all ran a 450k Cobol statement application and they handled all aspects of credit card processing for half the accounts in the US (transactions, call centers, statements, embossing plastic cards, etc) ... and they had large performance group that had been managing the application for decades ... but a lot was myopic hot-spot focused. In the early 70s, science center had pioneered a lot of performance technology at the science center, reports, analysis, hot-spot analysis, modeling, workload and configuration profiling, capacity planning, benchmarking, and mutiple-regression analysis.

I got detailed statistics for the application on all systems which happened to show a low activity operation accounting for over 20% of total processing. It turned out that it invoked a large number of other routines that were subject to hot-spot analysis ... but it never showed up on their radar. Further analysis was it was being invoked three times more than it should ... cutting it back bought almost 15% (of 40+ mainframes @$30M each ... >$1.2B aggregate ... around $180M).

2005 I was doing some work with somebody that had developed a financial industry business rule specification language that compiled into fine-grain SQL statements ... demonstrating workload scaleup was enormous ... rather than roll-you-own parallelization, it relied on the enormous cluster parallel scaleup work that IBM and other RDBMS vendors had done for large racks of blade servers. It also greatly simplified application development and maintenance ... also straight forward accommodation as regulations changed. We presented to a number of industry bodies with lots of acceptance ... and then hit brick wall. finally told executives still bore the scars from the 90s straight through processing disaster.

original sql/relational implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

trivia: one of the performance tools from the science center in the early 70s was a system activity model implemented in APL. It was eventually made available on online sales&marketing support HONE systems as the Performance Predictor ... SEs could enter configuration and workload profiles and ask what-if questions regarding changing workload and/or hardware. Also when US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto with enhancements for single-system image, loosely-coupled eight 168s sharing same disk farm with load balancing and fall-over ... a flavor of the performance predictor was used to make the load balancing decisions.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

other trivia: after joining IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer. In the morph from CP67->VM370 the development group dropped (tightly-coupled multiprocessor support, lot of performance stuff I had done as undergraduate on CP67) and/or greatly simplified a lot of stuff. Many of HONE sales&marketing applications were implemented in APL and were very CPU-intensive ... when I moved from CP67->VM370 ... I reimplemented much of the performance work I had done as undergraduate in the 60s and HONE was early CSC/VM installation. I then re-implemented CP67 multiprocessor support in VM370 for HONE ... so they could add a 2nd 168 to each of their systems (for 16 168 CPUs total).

HONE &/or APL posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
Tightly-coupled/SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

cluster-scaleup trivia: The last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP, it originally started out as HA/6000 for NYTimes to enable them porting their newspaper system (ATEX) from VAX/Cluster to IBM. When I started doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP. Old reference to Jan1992 meeting on commercial cluster scaleup in (Oracle CEO) conference room (16-way by mid-1992, 128-way by ye1992).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Within a few weeks, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM Supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later. One of the things we were told was that the MVS DB2 group had complained that if we were allowed to continue what we were doing, it would be "at least" five years ahead of what they were doing.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

past posts mentioning straight-through processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#85 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#37 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#11 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#39 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#63 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#72 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#84 The mainframe is dead. Long live the mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#2 More "ageing mainframe" (bad) press
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#119 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#10 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#90 Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#49 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#42 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#57 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#42 COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#24 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#18 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#47 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#31 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#77 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#69 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#24 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#0 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#49 US payments system failing to meet the needs of the digital economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#23 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#70 New IBM Redbooks residency experience in Poughkeepsie, NY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#52 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#19 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#15 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#45 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#42 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#37 A Bright Future for Big Iron?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#13 Is the ATM still the banking industry's single greatest innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#14 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#47 COBOL - no longer being taught - is a problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#37 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#8 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#16 How long for IBM System/360 architecture and its descendants?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#77 Korean bank Moves back to Mainframes (...no, not back)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#68 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#81 big iron mainframe vs. x86 servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#81 A Faster Way to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#57 IBM halves mainframe Linux engine prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#21 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#2 z/Journal Does it Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#1 z/Journal Does it Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#14 Legacy clearing threat to OTC derivatives warns State Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#43 Business process re-engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#87 Cleaning Up Spaghetti Code vs. Getting Rid of It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#35 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technolgies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#30 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technolgies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#26 What is the biggest IT myth of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#56 Long running Batch programs keep IMS databases offline
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#50 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#55 performance of hardware dynamic scheduling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#89 Berkeley researcher describes parallel path
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#87 Berkeley researcher describes parallel path
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#30 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#74 Too much change opens up financial fault lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#3 on-demand computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#81 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#19 Education ranking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#61 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#44 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#5 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#3 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#36 Future of System/360 architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#15 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#10 A way to speed up level 1 caches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#17 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#12 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#35 H2.1 Protocols Divide Naturally Into Two Parts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm20.htm#20 ID "theft" -- so what?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#46 the limits of crypto and authentication

past posts mentioning 450k statement cobol application
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#61 Performance Monitoring, Analysis, Simulation, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#68 How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#4 Killer Micros
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#155 Book on monopoly (IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#11 mainframe hacking "success stories"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#62 Cobol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#13 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#45 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#20 IBM forecasts 'new world order' for financial services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#76 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#5 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#81 Intel: an expensive many-core future is ahead of us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#24 Job ad for z/OS systems programmer trainee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#50 Where can you get a Minor in Mainframe?

past posts mentioning performance predictor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#61 Performance Monitoring, Analysis, Simulation, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#43 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#32 HONE story/history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#106 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#85 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#80 IBM: Buying While Apathetaic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#27 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#109 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#103 why VM, was thrashing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#68 Pareto efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#5 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#109 Bimodal Distribution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#54 CMS\APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#36 Ransomware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#69 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#71 A New Performance Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#27 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#60 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#50 Can any one tell about what is APL language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#53 HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#63 JCL CROSS-REFERENCE Utilities (OT for Paul, Rick, and Shmuel)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#41 CPU utilization/forecasting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#63 Collection of APL documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#48 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#17 What non-IBM software products have been most significant to the mainframe's success
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#15 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#8 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#81 Percentage of code executed that is user written was Re: Delete all members of a PDS that is allocated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#62 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#17 How to reduce the overall monthly cost on a System z environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#43 SNA: conflicting opinions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#76 A Math Geek's Plan to Save Wall Street's Soul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#5 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#41 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technologies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#42 APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#81 Intel: an expensive many-core future is ahead of us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#24 Job ad for z/OS systems programmer trainee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#41 Age of IBM VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#68 High order bit in 31/24 bit address
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#65 Non-Standard Mainframe Language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#28 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#24 Curiousity: CPU % for COBOL program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#25 CPU usage for paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#23 Strobe equivalents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#3 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#25 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#34 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#30 A very basic question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#22 A very basic question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#17 {SPAM?} Re: Expanded Storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#15 {SPAM?} Re: Expanded Storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#34 Not enough parallelism in programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#30 auto reIPL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#17 More on garbage collection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#12 Performance and Capacity Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#15 Exceptions at basic block boundaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#1 Single System Image questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#48 Secure design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#33 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#6 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#1 Self restarting property of RTOS-How it works?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#10 Multi-processor timing issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#31 capacity planning: art, science or magic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#42 command line switches [Re: [REALLY OT!] Overuse of symbolic constants]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#29 Sun researchers: Computers do bad math ;)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#15 Disk capacity and backup solutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#28 Origin of XAUTOLOG (x-post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#45 cp/67 addenda (cross-post warning)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#64 ... the need for a Museum of Computer Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#46 Withdrawal Announcement 901-218 - No More 'small machines'

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Corporate boards, consulting, speaking fees: How U.S. generals thrived after Afghanistan

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Corporate boards, consulting, speaking fees: How U.S. generals thrived after Afghanistan
Date: 05 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Corporate boards, consulting, speaking fees: How U.S. generals thrived after Afghanistan. When Stanley A. McChrystal was the top general in Afghanistan, he would ask his troops a question: "If I told you that you weren't going home until we win -- what would you do differently?"
https://www.msn.com/en-us/money/news/corporate-boards-consulting-speaking-fees-how-us-generals-thrived-after-afghanistan/ar-AAO5Iz8
The eight generals who commanded American forces in Afghanistan between 2008 and 2018 have gone on to serve on more than 20 corporate boards, according to a review of company disclosures and other releases.
... snip ...

Nearly 20 years of war, 10 days to fall: Afghanistan, by the numbers. The United States has spent an estimated $2,261,000,000,000, or more than $2 trillion, on the war effort.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2021/08/20/afghanistan-war-key-numbers/
Ten Reasons Why America's Afghan War Lasted So Long and Ended So Disastrously
https://bracingviews.com/2021/09/03/ten-reasons-why-americas-afghan-war-lasted-so-long-and-ended-so-disastrously/
America's Afghan War: Lies and More Lies
https://bracingviews.com/2019/12/10/americas-afghan-war-lies-and-more-lies/
Afghanistan's Fall Is 9/11's Latest Unlearned Lesson. America remains the "indispensable nation," but its future effectiveness depends on seeing other parts of the world as they really are and recognizing the limits of the possible.
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2021-09-05/afghanistan-s-fall-is-9-11-s-latest-unlearned-lesson

other recent references to forever wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#4 The Afghanistan War and Bernie Madoff's Ponzi Scheme Worked the Same Way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#106 Afghan Crisis Must End America's Empire of War, Corruption and Poverty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#101 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#96 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#73 A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#62 An Un-American Way of War: Why the United States Fails at Irregular Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#59 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#56 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#43 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#39 Republicans delete webpage celebrating Trump's deal with Taliban
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#38 $10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#2 The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Climate change deniers are as slippery as those who justified the slave trade

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Climate change deniers are as slippery as those who justified the slave trade
Date: 05 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Climate change deniers are as slippery as those who justified the slave trade
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/sep/04/climate-change-deniers-are-as-slippery-as-those-who-justified-the-slave-trade

... some of the same "merchant of doubt" ... not only paid to spin climate change, but some of the same people previously paid to spin tobacco smoking cancer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

even some of the same people to spin "team b" analysis of soviet military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

some recrent posts mentioning climate change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#94 Hurricane Ida slammed into Louisiana and then didn't really weaken. Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#9 'Climate change is going to cost us': How the US military is preparing for harsher environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#8 'Climate change is going to cost us': How the US military is preparing for harsher environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#7 A terrifying new theory: Fake news and conspiracy theories as an evolutionary strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#6 Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#2 The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#98 Heatwave causes massive melt of Greenland ice sheet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#93 A top spreader of coronavirus misinformation says he will delete his posts after 48 hours
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#79 Want Quick Progress on Climate Change? Clean Up 'Hyper-Polluting' Coal Plants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#78 Fox Hosts Hit Peak Bizarro World: Tucker Lies, Says Fauci 'Created' Covid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#72 It's Time to Call Out Big Oil for What It Really Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#16 Big oil and gas kept a dirty secret for decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#13 NYT Ignores Two-Year House Arrest of Lawyer Who Took on Big Oil
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#3 Big oil and gas kept a dirty secret for decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#25 POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#15 POGO Testimony on Holding the Oil and Gas Industry Accountable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#89 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#77 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#59 How climate change skepticism held a government captive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#77 Meet the "New Koch Brothers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#83 Capital in the Twenty-First Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#60 The Dumbest Business Idea Ever. The Myth of Maximizing Shareholder Value. The dominant business philosophy debunked

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Companies Lobbying Against Infrastructure Tax Increases Have Avoided Paying Billions in Taxes

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Companies Lobbying Against Infrastructure Tax Increases Have Avoided Paying Billions in Taxes
Date: 06 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Companies Lobbying Against Infrastructure Tax Increases Have Avoided Paying Billions in Taxes. Executives at JPMorgan Chase, FedEx, and others have spoken out publicly against Biden's proposed tax increases.
https://theintercept.com/2021/09/06/infrastructure-bill-companies-tax-increase/
An infrastructure proposal that would raise the corporate tax rate is facing opposition in Congress from companies that have dodged tens of billions of dollars in taxes over the last decade. Several such companies are lobbying against corporate tax increases and measures designed to crack down on tax havens in President Joe Biden's economic proposal.
... spin ...

different spin: Progressives' Tax-the-Rich Dreams Fade as Democrats Struggle for Votes. Congress is poised to pass a significant tax increase, but some ambitious Biden ideas may not make it over the finish line
https://www.wsj.com/articles/progressives-tax-the-rich-dreams-fade-as-democrats-struggle-for-votes-11630850400

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax loopholes, tax havens, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

2002 congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentioning Comptroller General
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
posts mentioning Too Big To Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-go-fail
posts mentioning the fed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

spring 2009, IRS announced that it was going after $400B in taxes on money illegally stashed overseas by 52,000 wealthy americans (over and above the new tax loopholes that allowed trillions to be legally stashed overseas since the start of the century) ... then little or nothing in the news.

spring 2011 the new speaker of the house has press conference where he says he is cutting the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering the $400B. Since then there has been periodic news about the banks and financial advisers have been fined a few billion for their part in facilitating illegally stashing trillions overseas (again, over and above the trillions that congressional tax loopholes allowed to be stashed overseas "legally") ... but almost nothing about recovering the $400B in taxes owed on the money illegally stashed overseas.

also spring 2011, the (same) new speaker of the house on local DC radio interview commented that he was placing the new "tea party" party darlings on the tax and revenue committee because those committee members get the most "contributions" from special interests (one of the reasons that congress is called the most corrupt institution on earth).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boehner
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2021/04/john-boehner-memoir-review.html

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Led by Tesla, EVs drive chip industry's shift beyond silicon

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Led by Tesla, EVs drive chip industry's shift beyond silicon
Date: 06 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Led by Tesla, EVs drive chip industry's shift beyond silicon. Model 3's use of new material spurs competition for energy-efficient alternative
https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Tech/Semiconductors/Led-by-Tesla-EVs-drive-chip-industry-s-shift-beyond-silicon
Silicon carbide, abbreviated SiC, contains silicon and carbon. With chemical bonds stronger than those in silicon, it is the world's third-hardest substance. Processing it requires advanced technology, but the material's stability and other properties let chipmakers cut energy loss by more than half compared with standard silicon wafers.

SiC chips also dissipate heat well, allowing for smaller inverters -- a crucial EV component that regulates the flow of power to the motor.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mystery Flying Wing Aircraft Photographed Over The Philippines

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mystery Flying Wing Aircraft Photographed Over The Philippines
Date: 06 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Mystery Flying Wing Aircraft Photographed Over The Philippines (Updated). The aircraft resembles the one seen in an image taken in California a year ago that is thought to be of the elusive RQ-180 stealth spy aircraft.
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/42261/mystery-flying-wing-aircraft-photographed-over-the-philippines
Let's talk about the mysterious flying wing aircraft that flew over the Philippines a few days ago.
https://theaviationist.com/2021/09/05/mystery-aircraft-philippines/
Mystery aircraft is pictured flying over the Philippines 'could be U.S. stealth drone'
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9957945/Mystery-aircraft-pictured-flying-Philippines-U-S-stealth-drone.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
Date: 06 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#10 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#7 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#2 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU

SMP trivia/stories. Mid-70s I got involved with group working on 16cpu multiprocessor ... and then we got some of the 3033 processor engineers to work on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than remapping 168-3 logic to 20% faster chips) and everybody thot it was really great. Then somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system had effective 16-way support. Some of us were then asked to never visit POK again and the 3033 processors engineers instructed to focus on 3033 and not be distracted. IBM doesn't doesn't ship 16-way mainframe until more than 20yrs later with z900.

SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

Late 80s, I got asked to help LLNL standardized some serial stuff they were playing which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff I had worked on in 1980). Note later some POK engineers become involved and define a heavy weight protocol that drastically cuts the native throughput that is eventually released as FICON. Note latest benchmark I've found was z196 "peak I/O" getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS). About the same time a FCS was announced for e5-2600 blades claiming over million IOPS (two such having higher throughput than 104 FICON).

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

About the same time I'm asked to work with SLAC/Gustavson activity spawning (serial) SCI ... 64-port interface ... Sequent and Data General did 256 processor i486 (64 shared cache boards each with four i486 processors) and Convex did 128-way, 64 shared cache boards with wo HP snake processors each. Later after leaving IBM I'm asked to do some consulting with Steve Chen who was Sequent CTO at the time (had earlier been funded by IBM at Chen Supercomputers). This was before IBM bought Sequent and shut it down.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems
SCI
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface
Different versions and derivatives of SCI were implemented by companies like Dolphin Interconnect Solutions, Convex, Data General AViiON (using cache controller and link controller chips from Dolphin), Sequent and Cray Research. Dolphin Interconnect Solutions implemented a PCI and PCI-Express connected derivative of SCI that provides non-coherent shared memory access. This implementation was used by Sun Microsystems for its high-end clusters, Thales Group and several others including volume applications for message passing within HPC clustering and medical imaging. SCI was often used to implement non-uniform memory access architectures. It was also used by Sequent Computer Systems as the processor memory bus in their NUMA-Q systems. Numascale developed a derivative to connect with coherent HyperTransport.
... snip ...

Telum says 256 processor ... around 25 yrs after Sequent and Data General used SCI for 256-way

posts mentioning numa-q
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#45 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#64 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#53 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#32 Cluster Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#57 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#72 100 boxes of computer books on the wall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#8 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#48 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#94 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#122 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#79 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#85 SV: USS vs USS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#54 IBM Unleashes 256-core Unix Server, Its Biggest Yet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#61 IBM to announce new MF's this year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#19 How many mainframes are there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#48 Nonlinear systems and nonlocal supercomputing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#13 What was the historical price of a P/390?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#27 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#59 Problem with XP scheduler?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#20 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#5 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#5 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#5 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#2 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#1 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#13 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#3 University rank of Computer Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#9 Is no one reading the article?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005v.html#0 DMV systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#46 Numa-Q Information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#43 Numa-Q Information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#6 Memory Affinity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#55 VM & VSE news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#54 VM & VSE news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#46 Small IBM shops

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Versatile Cache from IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Versatile Cache from IBM
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 06 Sep 2021 11:21:29 -1000
jgd@cix.co.uk (John Dallman) writes:
The "Principles of Operation" manual is free, available here: <https://www.ibm.com/support/pages/zarchitecture-principles-operation>

I read some sections of it recently, wondering what the programming environment was like. It's a weird mixture of primitive and sophisticated. My conclusion was "Stick to Linux, if I ever have to deal with this platform."


access registers (multiple concurrent, active address spaces) & program call started out as part of 811 (for 370/xa arch. documents dated nov1978) for MVS. OS/360 was heavily pointer passing API. MVT (real storage) was initially mapped to a single 16mbyte virtual address space for VS2/R1 ... then for MVS, VS2/R2 each application and subsystem was giving its own 16mbyte virtual address space. However, for the pointer passing APIs, they mapped an 8mbyte image of the kernel into every application virtual adddress space (leaving 8mbytes for application). Then for subsystem calls (each in its own private 16mbyte virtual address space), they created the common segment (1mbyte) mapped into every 16mbyte virtual address space, parameter list/returns storage can be allocated in the common segment area and the pointer passed to the called subsystem.

Common area size requirement is somewhat proportional to number of concurrent applications and number of subsystems ... by 3033 (before 370/xa & 31bit addressing, still 24bit/16mbytes)) installations were requiring 5-6 mbytes for the common area (renamed from common segment area, CSA, to common system area, CSA) leaving 2-3mbytes for applications ... but threatening to increase to 8mbytes ... leaving zero bytes for applications.

Come 3081, there is both 370 mode and 370/xa mode ... however customers weren't migrating to MVS/XA as expected which was increasingly putting enormous pressure for MVS operation as environments scaled up with more concurrent applications executing and more running subsystems.

With 370/xa, program call and access registers ... there is privilege ("MVS") kernel table of subsystems and address space pointers. Subsystem calls reference a specific entry in that table and the hardware moves the caller's address space pointer into secondary (access register) and loads the subsystem address space pointer as primary and transfers to the subsystem. The subsystem can now directly access the caller's parameter list in its secondary address space (eliminating the enormous pressure on the CSA as well as kernel call software overhead for the switch). The return instruction restores the applications address space to primary and returns to the caller

some recent common segment &/or access register posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#70 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#50 does anyone recall any details about MVS/XA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#36 IBM S/360 - 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#115 Assembler :- PC Instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#94 MVS Boney Fingers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#25 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#18 IBM assembler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#106 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#23 VS History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#97 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#96 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#92 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
Date: 06 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#73 A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan

How Cheerleaders of the Forever Wars Got Away With Murder. In reckoning with post-9/11 fantasies and lies, don't forget the role of the press.
https://www.thenation.com/article/society/press-cheerleaders-afgan-war/

The Costs of 20 Years of War. Two decades of war caused the deaths of nearly 1 million people and will cost US taxpayers more than $8 trillion.
https://www.thenation.com/article/society/costs-war-deaths/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
... possibly from war gaming, beltway bandits and gov. contractors realize that a series of failures result in more money
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
https://www.amazon.com/Ghost-Riders-Baghdad-Soldiers-Civilians-ebook/dp/B014PWVUAC/
pg111/loc2179-82:
The backstory to all this is well reported. The Bush administration appointed hundreds of politically loyal neoconservative bureaucrats to run postwar Iraq, including the top civilian official--L. Paul Bremer. Bremer, heavily influenced by Iraqi exiles like Ahmed Chalabi and supported by Vice President Dick Cheney, implemented a policy of de-Baathification.

pg111/loc2193-95:
On 16 April 2003, Bremer, against the advice of Colin Powell's State Department and the Central Intelligence Agency, disbanded the Iraqi Army. 16 This seemingly simple decision placed a few hundred thousand unemployed young men back on the street with no effective reintegration strategy.

pg171/loc3246-49:
All this talk of "what-ifs" and lost Surge opportunities ignores one salient, if uncomfortable, fact: ISIS is an outgrowth of our own invasion. Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF--as we gleefully named it) was more than just an awful euphemism; it spelled catastrophe--and chaos--for most Iraqis.
... snip ...

... more from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences; note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
Date: 07 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#16 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#10 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#7 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#2 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU

Telum article mentions 7-nines (hardware) availability. In the 80s Jim Gray did availability studies and found that human mistakes and environmental (earthquakes, power outages, floods, etc) was starting to dominate availability numbers ... overview slides from 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf
85 paper, Why Do Computers Stop and What Can Be Done About It? (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20080724051051/http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~yelick/294-f00/papers/Gray85.txt

The last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP, it originally started out as HA/6000 for NYTimes to enable them porting their newspaper system (ATEX) from VAX/Cluster to IBM. When I started doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP. I was asked me to do a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document ... however it got pulled when both POK (mainframe) and Rochester (AS/400) complained that they couldn't meet the objectives. Old reference to Jan1992 meeting on commercial cluster scaleup in (Oracle CEO) conference room (16-way by mid-1992, 128-way by ye1992).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Within a few weeks, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM Supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later. One of the things we were told was that the MVS DB2 group had complained that if we were allowed to continue what we were doing, it would be "at least" five years ahead of what they were doing.

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

After leaving IBM, we were doing a lot of the work in the financial industry, the executive in charge of FEDwire liked us to come by the NYFED and talk technology. One of his comments was that he attributed 100% FEDWire availability for over a decade to automated operator (people mistakes) and IMS hot-standby (at physical separated datacenters) ... aka some as what Jim found a decade earlier. We were staying a lot at the World Trade Marriott and Financial Marriott (both before and after 9/11, although after 9/11 just Financial Marriott). We would walk over to NYFed and then over to NSCC/DTC (now DTCC) on waters.

availability posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

triiva: Long ago and far away, my wife got con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of loosely-coupled (cluster) architecture where she did "peer-coupled shared dasd" architecture. She didn't remain long because 1) constant battles with the communication group trying to force into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation and 2) little uptake (except for IMS hot-standby) until much later with sysplex and parallel sysplex. She has story about being out to drinks after work with Vern Watts and asking him who he would ask permission of to do hot-standby. He said nobody, he would just do it and tell them later when it was all done.

peer-coupled shared data architecture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

Vern ... Mainframe Hall of Fame (gone 404)
https://web.archive.org/web/20110817070419/http://www.mainframezone.com/static/mainframe-hall-of-fame

trivia2: when Jim Gray was leaving IBM Research for Tandem he was palming some number of stuff off on me ... including DBMS consulting for the IMS group in STL ... old email ref 16Oct1980
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016
other archived posts about original sql/relational implementation System/R
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

archived posts mentioning mainframe hall of fame
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#1 IBM Internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#105 Mainframe Hall of Fame
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#104 Mainframe Hall of Fame
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#32 (External):Re: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#42 Mainframe Hall of Frame. List of influential mainframers thoughout history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#60 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#62 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#47 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#78 Mainframe Hall of Fame (MHOF)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#27 Mainframe Hall of Fame (MHOF)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#21 Mainframe Hall of Fame (MHOF)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#19 Mainframe Hall of Fame: Three New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#16 Mainframe Hall of Fame: Three New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#15 Mainframe Hall of Fame: Three New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#60 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#57 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#54 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#51 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#50 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#49 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#45 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#70 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#50 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#49 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#48 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#19 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

FAA Mainframe

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: FAA Mainframe
Date: 07 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
I had left ibm, but I had some dealings with
http://www.funsoft.com

that had mainframe emulator on intel ... they usually sold with sequent computers (before ibm bought sequent and shut them down) i86 and were working on Itanium. FAA Denver were running some of their stuff on it.

About the same time working with a company out on Dulles access road started by Joe Fox
https://www.amazon.com/Brawl-IBM-1964-Joseph-Fox/dp/1456525514/
and some other former IBMers

archived posts mentioning fundamental software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#93 Irrational desire to author fundamental interfaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#42 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#27 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#21 IBM tried to kill VM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#8 virtual 360/67 support in cp67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#32 The attack of the killer mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#6 virtualizable 360, was TSS ancient history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#61 VM (not VMS or Virtual Machine, the IBM sort)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#17 I'm overwhelmed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#11 I'm overwhelmed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#197 Computing As She Really Is. Was: Re: Life-Advancing Work of Timothy Berners-Lee

archived posts mentioning Joe Fox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#9 Air Traffic System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#13 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#42 IBM Rusty Bucket
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#88 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#73 The Brawl in IBM 1964

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Jargon

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Jargon
Date: 07 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
referenced in periodic postings over the years ...

Late 70s, we installed a lot of 6670s in departmental areas around (san jose) bldg28 (before research moved up the hill) and tweaked the printer driver ... which had colored paper loaded in the alternate paper drawer used to print the separator page ... which was mostly empty. So we had it randomly select from quotation files and then randomly select a quotation ... one of the files was the Jargon file. Later, using unix workstation ... modified the email signature line that selected a random entry from Zippy (comic) quotations ... to also use the Jargon file (and a couple other files).

trivia: in the late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) ... it really took off after distributing a trip report of a visit to Jim Gray at Tandem in spring 1981 (some claim that while only a couple hundred participated, upwards of 25,000 were reading). Folklore is when corporate executive committee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me. Original jargon entry:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

... later versions had the Datamation reference removed; online ibm jargon file (ibmjarg.pdf)
http://www.comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf

recent archived posts mentioning IBM Jargon and/or Tandem Memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#47 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#1 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#51 Intel rumored to be in talks to buy chip manufacturer GlobalFoundries for $30B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#49 6-10Oct1986 SEAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#45 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#42 IBM Token-Ring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#33 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#20 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#5 IBM's 18-month company-wide email system migration has been a disaster, sources say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#85 Mainframe mid-range computing market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#55 3380 disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#31 IBM HSDT & HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#82 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#16 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#8 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#3 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#17 The Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#9 IBM 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#41 Teaching IBM Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#39 WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#17 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#93 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#88 IBM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#76 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#83 Kinder/Gentler IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#45 Boyd, OODA-loop and Agile Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#31 Tandem Memo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#2 How an obscure British PC maker invented ARM and changed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#28 50 years online at home

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The top 1 percent are evading $163 billion a year in taxes, the Treasury finds

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The top 1 percent are evading $163 billion a year in taxes, the Treasury finds
Date: 07 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The top 1 percent are evading $163 billion a year in taxes, the Treasury finds
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/09/08/business/irs-tax-avoidance.html?smtyp=cur&smid=fb-nytimes

spring 2009, IRS announced that it was going after $400B in taxes on money illegally stashed overseas by 52,000 wealthy americans (over and above the new tax loopholes that allowed trillions to be legally stashed overseas since the start of the century) ... then little or nothing in the news.

spring 2011 the new speaker of the house has press conference where he says he is cutting the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering the $400B. Since then there has been periodic news about the banks and financial advisers have been fined a few billion for their part in facilitating illegally stashing trillions overseas (again, over and above the trillions that congressional tax loopholes allowed to be stashed overseas "legally") ... but almost nothing about recovering the $400B in taxes owed on the money illegally stashed overseas.

also spring 2011, the (same) new speaker of the house on local DC radio interview commented that he was placing the new "tea party" party darlings on the tax and revenue committee because those committee members get the most "contributions" from special interests (one of the reasons that congress is called the most corrupt institution on earth).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boehner
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2021/04/john-boehner-memoir-review.html

2002 congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax loopholes, tax havens, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentioning Comptroller General
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
posts mentioning Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecure too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-go-fail
posts mentioning the fed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

fast sort/merge, OoO S/360 descendants

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: fast sort/merge, OoO S/360 descendants
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 08 Sep 2021 17:28:33 -1000
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#44 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#45 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#51 OoO S/360 descendants

John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
The zSeries virtual memory uses conventional page tables with 4K pages and up to five levels of tables depending on address size. It is not a reverse map like the POWER's.

The I/O system does not run through the pager and has a separate way to deal with page mapping. Each I/O command word can point at an array of indirect addressing words called MIDAW or TIDAW depending on which generation of I/O architecture it's using. Each IDAW is 16 bytes with a count and address and some flags. The block that an IDAW points to cannot cross a page boundary; if it does you need to break it into two IDAWs.

The point of IDAW was that that application program wrote a channel program (yes, applications write their own channel programs) with each command word pointing to an address in virtual memory. The OS then slightly adjusted the channel instructions by turning on a flag bit to use IDAWs, and replacing the address in the command word with the adddress of IDAWs in real memory that point to the physical address(es) of the page(es) where the data are. Usually one IDAW would be enough, two if it crossed a page boundary, more only if the block is so big it crosses into more than two pages. The old I/O system had a scatter/gather feature called data chaining but it'g gone in the new system.

Having explained all that, even though you could use the IDAW stuff for scatter/gather, in practice I think it's only used for backward compatibility for old programs. Modern systems all integrate the disk I/O with the pager, so all disk I/O is page sized blocks, 4K in this case, on 4K boundaries. I am pretty sure that the effort of creating a set of 16 byte IDAWs for scattered records and then having the OS check them and split them if a block crosses a page boundary would not be worth the effort compared to the normal approach of moving the records into one output buffer and doing one I/O operation to write it out.

They do support command chaning, so if you had a great big buffer that filled up 100 pages, it could do one I/O operation to do 100 disk writes.


IBM 360 implemented scatter/gather with "chained data" CCWs (... following CCW was only used for data address) ... problem was that "channel architecture" mandated that channel command words (CCWs) were strictly serial with no pre-fetching. This was used by (virtual machine) CP67 simulated channel programs where the virtual channel program addresses crossing page boundary were contiguous but not their real address. As devices got faster, there was smaller & smaller window to fetch the next CCW from processor memory and decode the address. IDAW introduceed for 370 allowed the IDAW addresses to be prefetched.

It was also used for the >16mbyte real storage hack for 370 3033 that was still 24bit instruction (both real & virtual) addressing. They scavenge two unused bits from the 370 16bit page table entry, 12bit page number, 2 defined bits, 2 undefined bits. The 12bit page number for 4kbyte pages provided for 16mbyte. The hack prepended the two undefined bits to the 12bit page number ... allowing translation of 24bit virtual address into 26bit real addressing ... allowing to run with up to 64mbyte real storage.

370 IDALs were 32bit fields and 3033 hack them to read/write 4k pages located in >16mbyte area. The problem was kernel instructions needing to access in virtual pages in the >16mbyte area (with real addresses). Their original "bring down" hack was to write out a 4k page from the >16mbyte area and read it back in to <16mbyte page slot. I provided them with a short instruction hack that put the two page numbers in (reserved) PTEs and running in virtual mode, then did a MVCL from the virtual page in the >16mbyte area to the virtual page in the <16mbyte area. It was also used by 3081 with >16mbyte real storage by customer still running 370 operating systems (before converting to 31bit operating system).

Decde ago, a customer asked me to track down the decision to move all 370s to virtual memory (initially announce & ship little changed from 360). Old archived post with some from somebody involved
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73
basically (OS/360) MVT storage management was so bad that the size of regions for application executed needed to be four times larger than actually used. As a result, the typical 1mbyte 370/165 only ran with four execution regions ... and (in part) because disk i/o was so slow, much larger multiprogramming was needed to utilize the processor. Mapping MVT to a 16mbyte virtual address space could increase the number of concurrent execution regions by a factor of four times with little or no paging.

There was a little bit of code added for this VS2/SVS to create 16mbyte virtual address space and handle the (infrequent) page operations. The biggest problem was I/O. Applications did create some of their own channel programs ... which now had virtual addresses. However, nearly all channel programs were created by system libraries routines executing in the application region ... which also now have virtual addresses. They all would execute EXCP/SVC0 supervisor call to execute the passed channel program. Now the biggest amount of code moving MVT->SVC was borrowing CP67 "CCWTRANS" ... which performed that function for virtual machines running in virtual address space.

As undergraduate in the 60s, I rewrote lots of CP67 code including doing dynamic adaptive resource manager ... which included what I called "scheduling to the bottleneck". In the 70s I started noting that processor speed and amount of real storage was increasing much faster than disk speed was increasing (needing increaingly larger multiprogramming levels to keep processors busy). In the early 80s, I started saying that over the 15years, disk performance relative disk system throughput had declined by an order of magnitude (10 times, i.e. systems got 40-50 times faster, disks only got 3-5 times faster). Disk division executives took exception and assigned the division performance group to refute my claims. After a couple weeks they basically came back on said that I had slightly understated the problem. The performance group then respun the analysis and presented suggestions for disk optiization strategies at major customer user group organization.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)

posts mentioning dynamic adaptive resource manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

some recent archived posts mentioning their presentation B874 at SHARE 63 (16Aug1984)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#44 iBM System/3 FORTRAN for engineering/science work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#53 3380 disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#33 Univac 90/30 DIAG instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#79 IBM Disk Division
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#59 San Jose bldg 50 and 3380 manufacturing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#17 Performance History, 5-10Oct1986, SEAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#63 IBM 3330 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#94 MVS Boney Fingers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#78 370 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#93 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OoO S/360 descendants

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OoO S/360 descendants
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 09 Sep 2021 07:01:03 -1000
Stephen Fuld <sfuld@alumni.cmu.edu.invalid> writes:
IBM 3390 in the early 1990s was the last "SLED" - Single Large Expensive Disk, and it did native CKD, so you could indeed have arbitrary sized blocks on the disk.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#44 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#45 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#51 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#23 fast sort/merge, OoO S/360 descendants

starting with 3380s ... it was CKD simulated on top of form of fixed block ... it can be seen where records/track formulas required rounding up record lengths to a "fixed" cell size.

old posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Skilled Workers Are Scarce, Posing a Challenge for Biden's Infrastructure Plan

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Skilled Workers Are Scarce, Posing a Challenge for Biden's Infrastructure Plan.
Date: 09 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Skilled Workers Are Scarce, Posing a Challenge for Biden's Infrastructure Plan. One estimate says the bill would add $1.4 trillion to the U.S. economy over eight years, but without enough workers, efforts to strengthen roads and public transit could be set back
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/09/09/us/politics/biden-infrastructure-plan.html

note Obama "shovel-ready" stimulus projects were having to hire Chinese civil engineering companies. Issue was that for decades there was declining infrastructure spending, with declining infrastructure spending, there were declining civil engineering jobs, declining civil engineering jobs, there were declining civil engineering students, declining civil engineering students, universities were cutting back on civil engineering programs.

... civil engineering professor complaining to Volcker about univ. civil engineering program cut backs, from Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg290:

Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges and a s**tty financial system!'

... snip ...

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#10 Miami Building Collapse Could Profoundly Change Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#22 We're Kind of Overwhelmed by Biden's Infrastructure Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#18 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#104 Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#52 How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#61 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#1 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#2 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#79 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#72 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#4 Decimal point character and billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#48 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#75 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#80 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#106 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#105 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#33 War or Jobs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#3 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#36 Race Against the Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#77 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#30 24/7/365 appropriateness was Re: IBMLink outages in 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#67 Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#63 The Economist's Take on Financial Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#44 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#91 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Blowback. The Forever Wars Are Coming Home

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Blowback. The Forever Wars Are Coming Home
Date: 09 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Blowback. The Forever Wars Are Coming Home
https://theintercept.com/2021/09/09/forever-wars-911-militias/
When a country is at war for so long, moral boundaries gradually fall away. The forbidden becomes permissible, first overseas and then at home.
... snip ...

"perpetual war" is preferred over actually winning.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The top 1 percent are evading $163 billion a year in taxes, the Treasury finds

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The top 1 percent are evading $163 billion a year in taxes, the Treasury finds
Date: 09 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#22 The top 1 percent are evading $163 billion a year in taxes, the Treasury finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#38 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer

'Understaffed' IRS is letting the top 1% evade billions in taxes, Treasury Department says The Biden administration argues an "understaffed IRS with outdated technology" is helping the rich cheat on their taxes.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90674365/understaffed-irs-is-letting-the-top-1-evade-billions-in-taxes-treasury-department-says
The wealthiest 1% have robbed the nation with $7 trillion in tax evasion over the last 10 years
https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2021/9/8/2051031/-The-U-S-could-operate-for-the-next-year-and-a-half-just-on-the-taxes-the-wealthy-have-dodged

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax loopholes, tax havens, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentioning Comptroller General
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
posts mentioning Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-go-fail
posts mentioning the fed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Big oil's 'wokewashing' is the new climate science denialism

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Big oil's 'wokewashing' is the new climate science denialism
Date: 09 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Big oil's 'wokewashing' is the new climate science denialism. Academic researchers say the fossil fuel industry has a new tool to delay efforts to curb emissions - a social justice strategy
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/sep/09/big-oil-delay-tactics-new-climate-science-denial
ExxonMobil has been touting its commitment to "reducing carbon emissions with innovative energy solutions". Chevron would like to remind you it is keeping the lights on during this dark time. BP is going #NetZero, but is also very proud of the "digital innovations" on its new, enormous oil drilling platform in the Gulf of Mexico. Meanwhile Shell insists it really supports women in traditionally male-dominated jobs.
... snip ...

... then there is "Merchants of Doubt"
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/
https://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt

some of the same scientists payed by the tobacco industry to write articles down playing the link between smoking and lung cancer, later showup in "Team B" studies inflated Soviet military and then down playing climate change.

merchant of doubt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

recent "big oil"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#72 It's Time to Call Out Big Oil for What It Really Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#16 Big oil and gas kept a dirty secret for decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#13 NYT Ignores Two-Year House Arrest of Lawyer Who Took on Big Oil
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#3 Big oil and gas kept a dirty secret for decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#77 How climate change skepticism held a government captive

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OoO S/360 descendants

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OoO S/360 descendants
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 09 Sep 2021 17:01:23 -1000
Stephen Fuld <sfuld@alumni.cmu.edu.invalid> writes:
Yes. I can't find the number of bytes per cell on the track, but it was certainly way less than 4K.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#44 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#45 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#51 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#23 fast sort/merge, OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#24 OoO S/360 descendants

started as 32bytes for 3380 (& 3375) ... somewhat having to do with error detection/correction technology ... somewhat similar justifying increasing fixed-block from 512bytes to 4096bytes.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed-block_architecture
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Format

there have been no (physical) CKD made for decades ... currently being simulated on industry standard fixed-block

CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#dasd

trivia: there was a version of mainframe "green card" implemented in IOS3270 ... which included disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#26.3
and RPS sector formulae
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#26.4

... I've done a quick & dirty conversion to html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 09 Sep 2021 17:56:21 -1000
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
CPU speed, sure, but the point of a mainframe is that it has high performance peripherals. A /145 could have up to four channels and could attach several dozen disk drives.

These days one SSD holds more data than two dozen 2314 disks, but I wouldn't think a Pi has particularly high I/O bandwidth.


raspberry Pi 4 specs and benchmarks (2 yrs ago)
https://magpi.raspberrypi.org/articles/raspberry-pi-4-specs-benchmarks

SoC: Broadcom BCM2711B0 quad-core A72 (ARMv8-A) 64-bit @ 1.5GHz
GPU: Broadcom VideoCore VI
Networking: 2.4GHz and 5GHz 802.11b/g/n/ac wireless LAN
RAM: 1GB, 2GB, or 4GB LPDDR4 SDRAM
Bluetooth: Bluetooth 5.0, Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
GPIO: 40-pin GPIO header, populated
Storage: microSD
Ports: 2x micro-HDMI 2.0, 3.5mm analogue audio-video jack, 2x USB 2.0,
2x USB 3.0, Gigabit Ethernet, Camera Serial Interface (CSI), Display Serial Interface (DSI)
Dimensions: 88mm x 58mm x 19.5mm, 46g

... snip ...

linpack mips 925MIPS, 748MIPS, 2037MIPS memory bandwidth (1MB blocks r&w) 4129/sec, 4427/sec USB storage thruput (megabytes/sec r&w) 353mbytes/sec, 323mbytes/sec

more details
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raspberry_Pi
best picks Pi microSD cards (32gbytes)
https://www.tomshardware.com/best-picks/raspberry-pi-microsd-cards

======

by comparison, 145 would be .3MIPS and 512kbyte memory,

2314 capacity 29mbytes ... need 34 2314s/gbyte or 340 2314s for 10gbytes
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_2314.html
2314 disk rate 312kbytes/sec ... ignoring channel program overhead, disk access, etc, assuming that all four 145 channels would continuously be doing disk i/o transfer at sustained 312kbytes/sec ... that is theoritical 1.2mbytes/sec

trivia: after transferring to San Jose Research (bldg28), I got roped into playing disk engineer part time (across the street in bldg14&15). The 3830 controller for 3330 & 3350 disk drives was replaced with 3880 controller for 3380 disk drives. While 3880 had special hardware data path for handling 3380 3mbyte/sec transfer ... it had a microprocessor that was significantly slower than 3830 for everything else ... which drastically drove up channel busy overhead ... especially for the channel program chatter latency between processor and controller.

playing disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

The 3090 folks had configured number of channels, assuming the 3880 would be similar to 3830 but handling 3mbyte data transfer ... when they found out how bad the 3880 channel busy really was ... they realized they would have to drastically increase the number of channels. The channel number increase required an extra (very expensive) TCM (there were jokes that the 3090 office was going to charge the 3880 office for the increase in 3090 manufacturing cost). Eventually marketing respun big increase in number of channels (to handle the half-duplex chatter channel busy overhead) as how great all the 3090 channels were.

Other triva: in 1980, IBM STL (lab) was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people from the IMS DBMS development group to and offsite bldg with dataprocessing back to STL datacenter. The group had tried "remote" 3270 terminal support and found the human factors totally unacceptable. I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support so they can put local channel connected 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg (with no perceived difference in human factors offsite and in STL).

channel-extender support posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

The hardware vendor tries to get IBM to release my support, but there were some people in POK playing with some serial stuff that get it vetoed (they were worried that if it was in the market, it would harder to justify releasing their stuff). Then in 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they are laying with ... which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980), initially 1gbit (100mbyte) full-duplex (2gbit, aka 200mbyte, aggregate)

In 1990, the POK people get their stuff released with ES/9000 as ESCON (when it is already obsolete, around 17mbyte aggregate). Later some of the POK people start playing with fibre channel standard and define a heavy weight protocol that drastically cuts the native throughput which is finally releaseed as FICON.

The latest published benchmarks I can find is "peak I/O" for z196 that used 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre channel) to get 2M IOPS. About the same time there was a fibre channel announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS, two such fibre channel getting higher (native) throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre channel).

FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 10 Sep 2021 06:49:57 -1000
Thomas Koenig <tkoenig@netcologne.de> writes:
Slower than the original? How many cycles per S/360 instruction does it take? If it was really slower than the original, it would have to be more than 100 cycles per instruction. I find that hard to believe.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#30 What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?

Endicott cons me into helping do ECPS for 138/148. I was told that low/mid 370, 115-148 avg ten native instructions per 370 emulated instructions (i.e. 80kips 370/115 had 800kips engine, 120kips 370/125 had 1.2mips engine, etc) and the 138/148 had 6kbytes of available microcode storage. I was to identity the 6k bytes highest executed kernel instructions for moving to microcode (on roughtly byte-for-byte basis). old archived post with the analysis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

6kbytes of kernel instructions pathlength accounted for 79.55% of kernel execution time ... dropped directly into microcode would run 10times faster. Also implemented for later 4331/4341.

In the early 80s I got permission to give howto ECPS presentations at local user group (silicon valley) monthly baybunch meetings and would get lots of questions from the Amdahl people.

They would say that IBM had started doing lots of trivial microcode implementations for the 3033 which would be required for MVS to run. Amdahl eventually responded with "macrocode" ... effectively 370-like instruction set that ran in microcode mode ... where Amdahl could implement the 3033 microcodes changes much easier with much less effort.

Note the low/mid range 370s had vertical instruction microcode processors (i.e. programming like cics/risc processors). high-end 370 had horizontal microcode and typically expressed in the avg. number of machine cycles per 370 instruction. The 370/165 ran 2.1 machine cycles per 370 instruction. That was optimized for 370/168 to 1.6 machine cycles per 370 instruction. The 3033 started out as 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips and the microcode was further optimized to one machine cycle per 370 instruction. It was claimed that all those 3033 microcode tweaks ran same speed as 370 (and some cases slower).

Amdahl was then using macrocode to implement hypervisor support ... subset of virtual machines support w/o needing vm370 ... which took IBM several years to respond with PR/SM and LPAR in native horizontal microcode (well after 3081 and well into 3090 product life).

some years later after retiring from IBM ... I was doing some stuff with
http://www.funsoft.com/

and their experience with emulating 370, avg. ten instructions per 370 was about the same as low&mid range 370s ... although they had some other tweaks that could dynamically translate high-use instruction paths directly into native code on-the-fly (getting 10:1 improvement).

360/370 microcode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360mcode

I believe hercules is somewhat similar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hercules_(emulator)

some funsoft.com posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#20 FAA Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#93 Irrational desire to author fundamental interfaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#42 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#27 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#21 IBM tried to kill VM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#8 virtual 360/67 support in cp67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#32 The attack of the killer mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#6 virtualizable 360, was TSS ancient history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#61 VM (not VMS or Virtual Machine, the IBM sort)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#17 I'm overwhelmed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#11 I'm overwhelmed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#197 Computing As She Really Is. Was: Re: Life-Advancing Work of Timothy Berners-Lee

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Counterfeit Capitalism: Why a Monopolized Economy Leads to Inflation and Shortages

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Counterfeit Capitalism: Why a Monopolized Economy Leads to Inflation and Shortages
Date: 10 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Counterfeit Capitalism: Why a Monopolized Economy Leads to Inflation and Shortages. From railroads to plastic bags to semiconductors to ice cream, Wall Street and monopolists are creating shortages and exploiting them.
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/counterfeit-capitalism-why-a-monopolized
Last February, before Covid hit in force, I predicted in Wired magazine that this pandemic would introduce us to the problem of shortages. And now, almost every week I get emails from readers complaining about not being able to buy things they need. Politicians I know are hearing about it on the campaign trail. If you talk to local economic development officials, they will note that both shortages of goods and labor are the top concern of most businesses at this point. Reddit has a subreddit dedicated to shortages. The most recent Federal Reserve Beige Book mentions "shortage" 80 times. Even CNN is covering the problem, noting that shipping boxes have doubled in price and the cost of moving goods from East Asian to the U.S. or Europe has gone up five-fold.
... snip ...

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:
In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards
... snip ...

... then in the 90s, articles were starting to appear that executives were maximizing thier bonuses by redirecting funds from other purposes (planning on being long gone, leaving it to others in the future to deal with the problems created). For instance, stock buybacks use to be illegal because it easily allowed executives to manipulate the market; example turning IBM into financial engineering company (on steroids) Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/
I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]
... snip ...

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

scamming supreme court on corporations are people:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#28 Massive infrastructure spending has a dark side. Yes, there is such a thing as dumb growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#70 The Rise and Fall of an American Tech Giant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#27 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#36 How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#25 Huawei 5G networks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#148 Why big business can count on courts to keep its deadly secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#144 PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#1 The Supreme Court Is Not Well. And the People Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#75 Packard Bell/Apple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Afghanistan's Corruption Was Made in America

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Afghanistan's Corruption Was Made in America
Date: 10 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Afghanistan's Corruption Was Made in America. How Self-Dealing Elites Failed in Both Countries
https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2021-09-03/afghanistans-corruption-was-made-in-america
On Corruption in America: And What Is at Stake
https://www.amazon.com/Corruption-America-What-Stake-ebook/dp/B08478TRPP/
Big Tech made billions during 'war on terror': report
https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20210910-big-tech-made-billions-during-war-on-terror-report

Boyd quote
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
"Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'"
... snip ...

... very much Smedley Butler's "War Is A Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
... and "perpetual war" is preferred over actually winning.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler

goes along with huge uptic in the rapidly spreading success of failure culture ... a series of failures met more money
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

Boyd posts & refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

confluence of "military-industrial" complex, "war is a racket" and "economic hitman"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#29 More than a Decade After the Volcker Rule Purported to Outlaw It, JPMorgan Chase Still Owns a Hedge Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#34 Obama Was Always in Wall Street's Corner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#26 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#97 How capitalism is reshaping cities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#71 Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#38 World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#40 When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version

US corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#32 Counterfeit Capitalism: Why a Monopolized Economy Leads to Inflation and Shortages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#4 The Afghanistan War and Bernie Madoff's Ponzi Scheme Worked the Same Way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#106 Afghan Crisis Must End America's Empire of War, Corruption and Poverty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#59 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#28 Massive infrastructure spending has a dark side. Yes, there is such a thing as dumb growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#21 A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#18 Whatever Happened to Six Sigma?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#20 Big Blue's big email blues signal terminal decline - unless it learns to migrate itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#15 Whistleblowers Expose Corruption in EPA Chemical Safety Office
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#11 Miami Building Collapse Could Profoundly Change Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#86 How Custer Met His End at Little Bighorn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#81 Indian Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#57 "Hollywood modeel" for dealing with engineers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#55 3380 disk capacity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#38 Microsoft's Irish subsidiary paid zero corporation tax on $315bn profit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#27 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#26 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#24 IBM Remains Big Tech's Disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#6 Financial Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#5 What My Mobster Grandfather Understood About American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#4 Study: Are You Too Nice to be Financially Successful?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#36 How the Billionaires Corporate News Media Have Been Used to Brainwash Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#17 Biden Seeks $80 Billion to Beef Up I.R.S. Audits of High-Earners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#73 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#71 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#24 US intelligence report finds Saudi Crown Prince responsible for approving operation that killed Khashoggi

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Top defense firms spend $1B on lobbying during Afghan war, see $2T return

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Top defense firms spend $1B on lobbying during Afghan war, see $2T return
Date: 10 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#5 Top defense firms spend $1B on lobbying during Afghan war, see $2T return

The war in Afghanistan is over but military leaders are still trying to hide their failures
https://taskandpurpose.com/news/afghanistan-us-military-leaders-failures/
After 9/11, the U.S. Got Almost Everything Wrong. A mission to rid the world of "terror" and "evil" led America in tragic directions.
https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2021/09/after-911-us-got-almost-everything-wrong/185219/

perpetual war and success of failure might imply it was purposeful ... never intending to succeed because that would mean the money stops.

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

recent afghan posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#33 Afghanistan's Corruption Was Made in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#18 A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#11 Corporate boards, consulting, speaking fees: How U.S. generals thrived after Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#4 The Afghanistan War and Bernie Madoff's Ponzi Scheme Worked the Same Way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#106 Afghan Crisis Must End America's Empire of War, Corruption and Poverty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#101 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#96 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#73 A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#62 An Un-American Way of War: Why the United States Fails at Irregular Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#59 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#56 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#43 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#39 Republicans delete webpage celebrating Trump's deal with Taliban
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#38 $10,000 Invested in Defense Stocks When Afghanistan War Began Now Worth Almost $100,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#2 The Disturbing Rise of the Corporate Mercenaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#99 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#22 What America Didn't Understand About Its Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#7 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#66 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#64 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#82 The Pentagon's Favorite Crowbar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#30 Trump and Republican Party Racism

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM's first 7nm Power10 chip arrives in E1080 server system with a wealth of shiny features

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM's first 7nm Power10 chip arrives in E1080 server system with a wealth of shiny features
Date: 10 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
IBM's first 7nm Power10 chip arrives in E1080 server system with a wealth of shiny features. Boasts of a world-record SAP SD benchmark result, 'transparent' in-memory encryption
https://www.theregister.com/2021/09/08/ibm_7nm_power10/

Why Don't Investors Care About IBM's Chipmaking Breakthroughs? Big Blue claims to have created the world's smallest chip -- but no one cares.
https://www.fool.com/investing/2021/08/01/why-dont-investors-care-about-ibms-chipmaking-brea/

... topic drift, new fabs are running billions (TSMC Fab15 listed at $9.3B) and produce tens-to-hundreds thousands wafers per month. for ec12 mainframe, i took the ec12 sales financials converted to number of max configured ec12 mainframes sold per year ... converted to number of mainframe chips needed per year. Took chip dimensions and calculated approx. number of chips per wafer ... and then number of wafers needed per year. A single minimum # wafers fab run (typically 6 wafers) seemed to supply all EC12 chips that would be needed.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_semiconductor_fabrication_plants

Samsung V1-line doing 7nm just came online 2020, doesn't say volume ... the 14nm fab says 450,000 wafers/month, the 10nm fab says 200,000 wafers/month.

New Arizona TSMC fab pegged at $12B
https://www.forbes.com/sites/willyshih/2020/05/15/tsmcs-announcement-of-a-us-fab-is-big-news/

past posts mentioning chip wafers:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#68 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#21 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#95 PDP-11 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#58 Funny error messages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#40 Yes, Intel Needs to Reinvent Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#84 disARMed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#36 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide and or for Europe alone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#43 IBM 'major announcement' points to deal on chip manufacturing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#24 Unisys CEO ousted, shares slip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#93 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#90 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#89 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#87 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#56 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#61 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#57 [CM] Mainframe tech is here to stay: just add innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#11 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#9 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#8 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#72 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#34 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#58 RISCversus CISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#0 CARD AUTHENTICATION TECHNOLOGY - Embedded keypad on Card - Is this the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#49 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#57 Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#67 A mighty fortress is our PKI, Part II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#37 floating point, was System/3--IBM compilers (languages) available?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#26 Should the USA Implement EMV?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#66 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#62 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#11 PC history, was search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#40 Crypto dongles to secure online transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#66 Need for speedy cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#7 Some companies are selling the idea that you can use just a (prox) physical access badge (single factor) for logical access as acceptable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#14 The Art of Creating Strong Passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#2 Does this count as 'computer' folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#53 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#26 Return of the Smart Card?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#8 Western Union history--data communications passed it by
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#40 Signposts on the US Government's Trail of IT Failures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#61 Osama bin Laden gets a cosmetic makevover in his British Vanity Passport
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#44 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#61 Could you please name sources of information you trust on RFID and/or other Wireless technologies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#70 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#35 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#31 nouns and adjectives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#13 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#12 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#60 IA64 and emulator performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#14 Would multi-core replace SMPs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#21 First single chip 32-bit microprocessor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#30 How is a smartcard created?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#9 Biometric authentication for intranet websites?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#16 Dutch Transport Card Broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#49 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#28 DDA cards may address the UK Chip&Pin woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#11 Payment Tokens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm20.htm#21 Qualified Certificate Request
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm5.htm#asrn4 assurance, X9.59, etc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward
Date: 11 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
'We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward'. CounterSpin interview with Dean Baker on raising the minimum wage
https://fair.org/home/weve-structured-our-economy-to-redistribute-a-massive-amount-of-income-upward/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

also

Common prosperity in China: rich or poor, people have questions about Beijing's attempt to spread the wealth
https://www.scmp.com/economy/china-economy/article/3148338/common-prosperity-china-rich-or-poor-people-have-questions
How Global Value Chains Distort Trade Data
http://blog.yalebooks.com/2021/09/07/how-global-value-chains-distort-trade-data/

NOTE ... 21Jan2020 curve for increase in minimum wage tracking productivity ... is similar to other data tracking productivity ... "until they didn't"

"The Destruction of Middle Class" 4Sep2011
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html
from "The Limping Middle Class"
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html

... note there were artciles that tried to confuse the data by using "family income", where increasing two-earner families offset the lack in wage increases.

Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
https://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-Decline-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I/

there has been lots written about effects of milton friedman, deregulation and corporate governance (and pension plans) in the 80s ... that have since turned out to have been disastrous. Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
loc1193-95:
According to economists' estimates, such collusion between asset management firms and companies is robbing a large proportion of the retirees of the company of a noticeable share of their retirement benefits. Losses for investors in small fund families with large 401(k) plans can reach more than 13 percent (Cohen and Schmidt 2009).

loc1200-1206:
There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.
... snip ...

How McKinsey Destroyed the Middle Class. Technocratic management, no matter how brilliant, cannot unwind structural inequalities.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/02/how-mckinsey-destroyed-middle-class/605878/
A new ideal of shareholder primacy, powerfully championed by Milton Friedman in a 1970 New York Times Magazine article entitled "The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits," gave the newly ambitious management consultants a guiding purpose. According to this ideal, in language eventually adopted by the Business Roundtable, "the paramount duty of management and of boards of directors is to the corporation's stockholders." During the 1970s, and accelerating into the '80s and '90s, the upgraded management consultants pursued this duty by expressly and relentlessly taking aim at the middle managers who had dominated mid-century firms, and whose wages weighed down the bottom line.
... snip ...

How GE, GM, Coca-Cola And Kodak Put Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2017/06/29/how-ge-gm-coca-cola-kodak-put-shareholders-ahead-of-employees/
... from here, still increasing productivity/pay gap (updated August 2021)
http://www.epi.org/productivity-pay-gap/
Beginning with the August 2021 update, the entire gap in EPI's pay-productivity figure is associated with rising inequality--inequality among wage earners and the rising share of overall income going to owners of capital rather than to workers for their labor. However, since researchers and analysts may still be interested in factors that account for various parts of the wedge between our measure of pay and other measures of productivity, we decompose these gaps further.
... snip ...

Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/05/meet-economist-behind-one-percents-stealth-takeover-america.html
Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas
Center for Public Integrity launches inequality team
https://publicintegrity.org/inside-publici/center-for-public-integrity-launches-inequality-team/
U.S. Inequality Reached Highest Level in 50 Years: Census
https://time.com/5686765/income-inequality-census-gini-index/

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

9/11 and the Saudi Connection. Mounting evidence supports allegations that Saudi Arabia helped fund the 9/11 attacks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 9/11 and the Saudi Connection. Mounting evidence supports allegations that Saudi Arabia helped fund the 9/11 attacks
Date: 11 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
9/11 and the Saudi Connection. Mounting evidence supports allegations that Saudi Arabia helped fund the 9/11 attacks.
https://theintercept.com/2021/09/11/september-11-saudi-arabia/

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

... also very much Smedley Butler's "War Is A Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
... and "perpetual war" is preferred over actually winning.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler

goes along with huge uptic in the rapidly spreading success of failure culture ... a series of failures met more money
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
fabricating WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
Date: 11 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
https://www.juancole.com/2021/09/accumulated-september-pretext.html

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

... truth is stranger than fiction and more from the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence. ... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crises), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Originally Iraq2 invasion was justified on Iraq supporting (saudi wahhabi) Al-Qaeda and would only cost $50B (and could be recovered using Iraq oil) ... since Iraq was against Al-Qaeda, that was then changed to Iraq had WMDs.

... trace back to supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war, in the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs (note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
also, H.W. repeatedly claimed no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
fabricated WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#teamb

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward
Date: 11 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#36 We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward
also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#32 Counterfeit Capitalism: Why a Monopolized Economy Leads to Inflation and Shortages

Huawei: World faces risk of K-shaped post-Covid economic recovery
https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252496770/Huawei-World-faces-risk-of-K-shaped-post-Covid-economic-recovery
A K-shaped recovery and the role of fiscal policy
https://www.bruegel.org/2021/03/a-k-shaped-recovery-and-the-role-of-fiscal-policy/
Avoiding a K-Shaped Global Recovery
https://www.cfr.org/article/avoiding-k-shaped-global-recovery
What is a K-shaped recovery?
https://www.fastcompany.com/90549147/forget-u-or-v-or-w-we-may-be-headed-toward-a-k-shaped-recovery
The K-shaped economic recovery -- a staple of U.S. news coverage and commentary since late last year -- is relatively a novel concept
https://www.americanbanker.com/list/who-the-k-shaped-recovery-is-leaving-behind
Tasks, Automation, and the Rise in US Wage Inequality
https://www.nber.org/papers/w28920
These 20 Harsh Facts About Income and Wealth Inequality Will Shock You. How the American economy has left many behind and rewarded the few.
https://capitalandmain.com/these-20-harsh-facts-about-income-and-wealth-inequality-will-shock-you
Did the 2020 economy end up being K-shaped? The pandemic left the strong economy that Trump boasted about in tatters. Turns out it wasn't that good, anyway.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90588266/dd-the-2020-economy-end-up-being-k-shaped
Pricey stocks may yet head higher as K-shaped economy maintains its grip on U.S.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2020/12/12/stock-market-economy/
U.S. Billionaire Wealth Surges Past $1 Trillion Since Beginning of Pandemic -- Total Grows to $4 Trillion
https://ips-dc.org/u-s-billionaire-wealth-surges-past-1-trillion-since-beginning-of-pandemic/
Twisted Bailout Economy: Chapter 11 Bankruptcies Surged, But Commercial Chapter 13 Bankruptcies Plunged. 420,000 Small Businesses Closed Quietly, Highest Rate Ever
https://wolfstreet.com/2020/10/06/twisted-bailout-economy-chapter-11-bankruptcies-surged-but-commercial-chapter-13-bankruptcies-plunged-420000-small-businesses-closed-quietly-highest-rate-ever/
Trump Is in Trouble for a Lot of Reasons, But the K-Shaped Recovery Is a Big One. The president's happy talk about the bounceback from the pandemic downturn will not resonate with the voters who may have put him over the top last time around.
https://www.esquire.com/news-politics/a34235103/k-shaped-economic-recovery-coronavirus-trump-joe-biden/
Forget U or V or W: We may be headed toward a K-shaped recovery
https://www.fastcompany.com/90549147/forget-u-or-v-or-w-we-may-be-headed-toward-a-k-shaped-recovery
Corrupted: The Fed's Role in America's Lopsided Recovery
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2020/09/corrupted-the-feds-role-in-americas-lopsided-recovery/
Wall Street Mega-Landlord Blackstone Prepares to Reap the Spoils of Another Crisis
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2020/12/wall-street-mega-landlord-blackstone-prepares-to-reap-the-spoils-of-another-crisis.html
Our "Trillion-Dollar Seven": Can We Summon the Courage to Tax Them?
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/30/our-trillion-dollar-seven-can-we-summon-the-courage-to-tax-them/

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
Date: 11 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#38 The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq

... how ISIS came about:

Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
https://www.amazon.com/Ghost-Riders-Baghdad-Soldiers-Civilians-ebook/dp/B014PWVUAC/
pg111/loc2179-82:
The backstory to all this is well reported. The Bush administration appointed hundreds of politically loyal neoconservative bureaucrats to run postwar Iraq, including the top civilian official--L. Paul Bremer. Bremer, heavily influenced by Iraqi exiles like Ahmed Chalabi and supported by Vice President Dick Cheney, implemented a policy of de-Baathification.

pg111/loc2193-95:
On 16 April 2003, Bremer, against the advice of Colin Powell's State Department and the Central Intelligence Agency, disbanded the Iraqi Army. 16 This seemingly simple decision placed a few hundred thousand unemployed young men back on the street with no effective reintegration strategy.

pg171/loc3246-49:
All this talk of "what-ifs" and lost Surge opportunities ignores one salient, if uncomfortable, fact: ISIS is an outgrowth of our own invasion. Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF--as we gleefully named it) was more than just an awful euphemism; it spelled catastrophe--and chaos--for most Iraqis.
... snip ...

The Deep State: The Fall of the Constitution and the Rise of a Shadow Government
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:
In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming administration choose personnel

pg191/loc3057-58:
In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second,

pg191/loc3060-62:
Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.
... snip ...

Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War
https://www.amazon.com/Boyd-Fighter-Pilot-Who-Changed-ebook/dp/B000FA5UEG/
pg281/loc4905-6:
He stalked the office, staring at his underlings, then suddenly walking up to them, sticking a bony finger into their chest, and saying things such as, "If your boss demands loyalty, give him integrity. But if he demands integrity, then give him loyalty."
... snip ...

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
fabricated WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

some past loyalty/fealty versus expertise/competence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#51 Sacking the Capital and Honor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#44 American Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#34 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#123 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#115 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#16 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#38 Trump's Message to U.S. Intelligence Officials: Be Loyal or Leave
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#21 Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#20 To Be or To Do
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#62 The NSA's back door has given every US secret to our enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#40 Core characteristics of resilience

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

not a 360 either, was Design a better 16 or 32 bit processor

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: not a 360 either, was Design a better 16 or 32 bit processor
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 12 Sep 2021 08:32:19 -1000
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
Sure, but that was 40 years ago. The 801 also only had 24 bit registers because that how big the memory addresses were at the time. The point of the 801 wasn't that it was load/store but that the instructions were simple enough to implement without microcode with a 1980 transistor budget, and that they found that compilers rarely used the more complex instructions anyway. In the 1960s ROMs were faster than core memory so even with multiple microinstructions it could keep the main memory running at full speed, but by 1980 we had semiconductor RAM and caches so a microcode cycle was no faster than a main memory cycle.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#29 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#24 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#23 fast sort/merge, OoO S/360 descendants

801/ROMP ... originally going to be displaywriter followon running CP.r and programmed in PL.8 ... didn't have any hardware protection domain ... claim was that PL.8 would only generate "correct" programs and CP.r would only load/execute correct PL.8 programs. Everything was trusted and so things that nominally required kernel call to change modes, could be done inline code. It nominally had 32bit addressing ... top four bits indexed content of 12bit "segment" register ... with 28bit displacement. Since the segment registers were 12bits ... they claimed it was 40bit virtual address ... 28bit displacement appended to the 12 bit contents of the segment register value (claiming that inline application code could change the contents of any segment register as easily as pointer in general register could be changed).

In effect, treating machine as a single 40bit virtual address space, with 16 segment registers that could each "window" 28bits of that virtual address space at a time.

when displaywriter followon was killed, they decided to retarget to the unix workstation market ... having to adopt the hardware to unix programming paradigm ... including privilege / non-privilege (PC/RT) ... and getting the company that did AT&T Unix port to IBM/PC for PC/IX to do one for ROMP (AIX) ... but documentation still would periodically reference "40-bit" addressing ... sort of being able to map a 32bit virtual address space into a specific portion of 40-bit machine address space (theoritically 40-32=8 or 256 32-bit virtual address spaces) possibly reserving specific 12bit segment register values for "shared memory" segments.

For RIOS (used in RS/6000) they extended segment registers to 24bits and documentation would periodically reference 52bit address (i.e. 24+28 instead of the ROMP 12+28 40bit).

there was internal advanced technology conference where we presented a design for 16processor tightly coupled 370 multiprocessor and the 801 group presented 801/risc, CP.r & PL.8. One of their people claimed that they had looked at existing operating system code and claimed that it didn't support 16-way (implying that we couldn't write new code) so I criticized them for how could they (efficiently) support shared memory segments ... since their segment size was so large and there were only 16.

I had done a page-mapped filesystem for CP67/CMS and made extensive use of shared semgnets. When the development group morphed CP67->VM370, they greatly simplified and/or dropped (like multiprocessor support) a lot of stuff. By 1975, I had migrated lots of the dropped CP67/CMS stuff to VM370 (including my page-mapped filesystem stuff with extensive shared segment sharing as well as multiprocessor support). One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... and I continued to work on 370 stuff all during the Future System period ... even perodically ridiculing how they were doing stuff (FS was completely different than 370 and going to completely replace it ... lack of new 370 during the FS period is credited with giving the clone 370 makers their market foothold). some FS info
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

I've periodically claimed that John Cocke had taken 801 to the opposite extreme from FS complexity.

801/risc, Iliad, ROMP, PC/RT, RIOS, RS/6000, Power, Power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
Future System Posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
paged-mapped filesystem posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
Date: 12 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#2 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#7 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#10 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#16 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#19 A brief overview of IBM's new 7 nm Telum mainframe CPU

Did IBM Just Preview The Future of Caches?
https://www.anandtech.com/show/16924/did-ibm-just-preview-the-future-of-caches
IBM's newest chip is more than meets the AI. Telum, an AI processor developed with technology from IBM Research, will power IBM systems.
https://www.research.ibm.com/blog/telum-processor
IBM Telum- A New Chapter In Vertically Integrated Chip Technology
https://www.forbes.com/sites/patrickmoorhead/2021/08/23/ibm-telum--a-new-chapter-in-vertically-integrated-chip-technology/
IBM's new Telum Processor is the company's first with an on-chip AI accelerator
https://www.techrepublic.com/article/ibms-new-telum-processor-is-the-companys-first-with-an-on-chip-ai-accelerator/
IBM introduces Telum chips aimed at AI inferencing workloads like fraud detection
https://www.zdnet.com/article/ibm-introduces-telum-chips-aimed-at-ai-inferencing-workloads-like-fraud-detection/
IBM Launches New Telum Processor
https://futurumresearch.com/research-notes/ibm-launches-new-telum-processor/
IBM's New System Z CPU Offers 40 Percent More Performance per Socket, Integrated AI
https://www.extremetech.com/computing/326402-ibms-new-system-z-cpu-offers-40-percent-more-performance-per-socket-integrated-ai

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Long History of Mandated Vaccines in the United States

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Long History of Mandated Vaccines in the United States
Date: 12 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Long History of Mandated Vaccines in the United States. Vaccines against smallpox during the Revolutionary War may have saved the Continental Army from defeat. It's one example of how mandates have protected the health of Americans for more than two centuries.
https://www.governing.com/now/the-long-history-of-mandated-vaccines-in-the-united-states

The U.S. Has Had 'Vaccine Passports' Before--And They Worked
https://time.com/5952532/vaccine-passport-history/

Don't Be Surprised When Vaccinated People Get Infected. Post-immunization cases, sometimes called "breakthroughs," are very rare and very expected.
https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2021/07/arkansas-cases-covid-19/619515/
The Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech jabs reduce, on a population scale, the risk of disease by about 95 percent; Johnson & Johnson's clocked in at 72 percent among Americans.
... snip ...

... what is 80% effecitve? ... 20 out of 100 could get sick?, 90% effective? ... 10 out of 100 could get sick?, 95% effective ... 5 out of 100 could get sick?. There is also severity, hospitalization, death. For those vaccinated ... increased severity also tends to involve underlying conditions. Also as vaccinations, masks, social distancing increase, the probability of being exposed to the disease decreases (as well as getting sick, hospitalized, death).

Pfizer Covid-19 Vaccine Is Less Effective Against Delta Infections but Still Prevents Serious Illness, Israel Study Suggests. Vaccine was 39% effective at reducing infection risk and 91% effective at preventing severe illness, Health Ministry says
https://www.wsj.com/articles/pfizer-covid-19-vaccine-is-less-effective-against-delta-infections-but-still-prevents-serious-illness-israel-study-shows-11627059395

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

posts mentioning coronavirus/covid/pandemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#39 We've Structured Our Economy to Redistribute a Massive Amount of Income Upward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#32 Counterfeit Capitalism: Why a Monopolized Economy Leads to Inflation and Shortages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#102 An AI can simulate an economy millions of times to create fairer tax policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#20 Hospitals Face A Shortage Of Nurses As COVID Cases Soar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#10 Analysis: Why Refusing the COVID-19 Vaccine isn't Just Immoral - it's 'un-American'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#6 Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#93 A top spreader of coronavirus misinformation says he will delete his posts after 48 hours
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#85 Remarks by President Biden Laying Out the Next Steps in Our Effort to Get More Americans Vaccinated and Combat the Spread of the Delta Variant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#78 Fox Hosts Hit Peak Bizarro World: Tucker Lies, Says Fauci 'Created' Covid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#64 Private Equity Now Buying Up Primary Care Practices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#58 The Storm Is Upon Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#54 Republicans Have Taken a Brave Stand in Defense of Tax Cheats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#40 Why do people hate universal health care? It turns out -- they don't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#99 IQ tests can't measure it, but 'cognitive flexibility' is key to learning and creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#50 There Is No Labor Shortage, Only Labor Exploitation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#26 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#17 Jamie Dimon: Some Americans 'don't feel like going back to work'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#14 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#13 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#12 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#11 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#94 Drug Industry Money Quietly Backs Media Voices Against Sharing Vaccine Patents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#73 'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#70 Just 12 People Are Behind Most Vaccine Hoaxes On Social Media, Research Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#48 'Our Lives Don't Matter.' India's Female Community Health Workers Say the Government Is Failing to Protect Them From COVID-19
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#0 Patients With Long Covid Face Lingering Worrisome Health Risks, Study Finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#26 Multinationals shifted $1 trillion offshore, stripping countries of billions in tax revenues, study says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#44 More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#82 What The Media Isn't Telling You About Texas Blackouts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#52 Luxembourg Investigations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#47 Holy wars of the past - how did they turn out?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#35 HONE story/history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#86 IBM Auditors and Games
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#28 We must stop calling Trump's enablers 'conservative.' They are the radical right
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#27 We must stop calling Trump's enablers 'conservative.' They are the radical right
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#20 Trickle Down Economics Started it All

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Fed Is Deep in Uncharted Waters. Danger Ahead

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Fed Is Deep in Uncharted Waters. Danger Ahead.
Date: 12 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Fed Is Deep in Uncharted Waters. Danger Ahead.
https://www.barrons.com/articles/fed-economic-policy-powell-inflation-51631120497
Although Jay Powell delivered his all-important annual address atop a virtual Wyoming mountain, the Federal Reserve is nonetheless mired in the Big Muddy. This mythical river was described in a high-impact Pete Seeger song mobilizing Vietnam War opposition. In it, soldiers led by politicians start out in a small, clear stream, wade on and, as the waters rise and the mud deepens, keep going because they don't and then can't turn around. All they do is march on to a surely-grim fate. So too with U.S. monetary policy: It's past time to turn around but still critical that the Fed quickly do so.

Fed policy has three key components, none of which have worked as planned. The post-2010 recovery was the weakest since the Second World War; inflation constantly surprises the central bank; and markets keep rising to troubling and sometimes disastrous heights even as U.S. economic inequality gets steadily more acute.

... snip ...

fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP fund posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

2002 congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentioning Comptroller General
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
posts mentioning Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-go-fail
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

not a 360 either, was Design a better 16 or 32 bit processor

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: not a 360 either, was Design a better 16 or 32 bit processor
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 12 Sep 2021 18:31:07 -1000
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
Yeah, that was me. I worked for Interactive and wrote the ROMP assembler and linker for AIX. It sat on top of an IBM monitor called the VRM which provided us 28 bit segments we could map in and out of a process address space, which was fine except the VRM was dog slow.

Someone else did a native BSD port which worked a lot better.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#41 not a 360 either, was Design a better 16 or 32 bit processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#29 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#24 OoO S/360 descendants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#23 fast sort/merge, OoO S/360 descendants

I was working with the people doing the BSD port ... the Austin people claimed that it was quicker, less resources and cheaper for them to build a VRM with abstract virtual machine and then have you do the AT&T port to the abstract virtual machine ... than having you do the AT&T port directly to the bare hardware. Actually I think they had something like 200 PL.8 programmers (from the displaywriter followon) and they needed something for them to do (aka the VRM).

The Palo Alto group was doing BSD port to VM370 virtual machine mainframe when they got retargeted to do directly port to ROMP bare machine. I think the BSD port directly to bare PC/RT hardware was 1/10th the effort (or less) to do (just) the VRM.

Just one of the less obvious downsides that Austin ran into was device drivers for new hardware 1st had to be done in C for unix ... and then repeated in PL.8 for VRM.

trivia: I had been working with one of the people in Los Gatos VLSI tools group using (metaware) TWS who did Pascal for IBM mainframe (original for internal VLSI tools, later released as vs/pascal)... to work on C language front-end. I left for a summer lecture tour in Europe ... when I got back he had left IBM and was working for Metaware. I talked the Palo Alto people into hiring Metaware to do the C-compiler for the BSD mainframe port ... which they then had Metaware do ROMP backend when they were redirected to PC/RT port ("AOS").

Note the Palo Alto group was also working with UCLA and doing LOCUS ports ... which was eventually released as AIX/370 (mainframe) and AIX/386 (IBM/PC).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOCUS

aka an "AIX" having nothing to do with PC/RT AIX or RS/6000 AIX.

801/risc, Iliad, ROMP, PC/RT, RIOS, RS/6000, Power, Power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

FBI releases first secret 9/11 file

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: FBI releases first secret 9/11 file
Date: 12 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
FBI releases first secret 9/11 file: Saudi embassy official let two hijackers stay at his apartment and helped them in LA before the attack, was 'facilitator' for Al-Qaeda and distributed extremist Muslim literature

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9982081/FBI-release-secret-9-11-files-Anonymous-Saudi-embassy-staffer-helped-two-hijackers-LA.html
The newly-released document details a 2015 FBI interview with a staffer who worked at the Saudi Consulate in Los Angeles prior to the 9/11 attacks

The man is only referred to in the document as PII

PII is accused of helping 9/11 hijackers Nawaf al-Hazmi and Khalid al-Mihdhar shortly after they arrived in the United States

Families of 9/11 victims are eager to probe potential Saudi government links to the attack

... snip ...

... truth is stranger than fiction and more from the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

past posts referring to victims being allowed to sue Suadi gov. for 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#3 Biden orders review and potential release of classified documents related to September 11 attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#11 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#99 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#26 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#143 "Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#114 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#105 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#85 Just and Unjust Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#70 Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#26 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#65 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#24 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#39 JOINT INQUIRY INTO INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE TERRORIST ATTACKS OF SEPTEMBER 11, 2001
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#93 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#50 Iraqi WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#72 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#54 The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#27 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#51 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#14 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#51 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

vs/pascal

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: vs/pascal
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 13 Sep 2021 15:42:29 -1000
Terje Mathisen <terje.mathisen@tmsw.no> writes:
Wow!

I once used that vs/pascal to implement large packet Kermit, using up to a full page (25x80=2000 bytes) of a 3270 emulator as the packet size, instead of just a single 80-byte line.

The result was file transfers running at the same speed as the 3270/PC (or the /AT 286 version) while using 3270 protocol emulators to allow ascii serial port connections.

I remember that Pascal version as being quite nice. :-)

Terje


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#45 not a 360 either, was Design a better 16 or 32 bit processor

the first IBM mainframe tcp/ip stack was implemented in VS/pascal ... but the communication group was fighting hard to prevent its release ... when they lost that, they changed their strategy and claimed that since they had corporate strategic ownership for everything that crossed datacenter walls ... it had to be repleased through them. What shipped got 44kbyte/sec aggregate using 3090 processor. I then did RFC1044 support and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray ... got sustained 4341 channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

rfc1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

after leaving IBM ... during its trouble and recovery years ... IBM was being reorganized into the 13 baby blues in preparation for breaking up the company ... article gone behind paywall, but still mostly free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html

then board brings in new CEO that reverses the breakup ... who also cuts a lot of stuff. Much of VLSI design tools were being given away to major industry standard VLSI design tool company ... but condition was that since much of the industry ran on SUN ... they had to all be ported to SUN. We had already left the company but get a contract to port a Los Gatos, 50,000 vs/pascal statement physical layout app to SUN.

In retrospect instead of converting to SUN pascal, it would be simpler to have rewritten it in C ... it seemed that SUN pascal many have never been used for much other than simple educational instruction. It was easy to drop into SUN hdqtrs to discuss problems ... but it didn't do much good since pascal support had been outsourced to organization on the opposite of the world (lets say rocket scientists ... later I got some uniform insignias that said "space trooper" and "space command" ... not in english)

past posts mentioning porting app to sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#31 IBM Programming Projects
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#95 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#37 IBM HA/CMP Product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#43 The most important invention from every state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#93 Curious observation: lack of a simple optimization in a C program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#36 Quote on Slashdot.org
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#71 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#19 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#42 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#30 perceived forced conversion from cp/m to ms-dos in late 80's

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
Date: 13 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#87 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#6 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare

Kill Chain
https://www.amazon.com/Kill-Chain-Defending-America-High-Tech-ebook/dp/B07W56RZCN/
pg56/loc1105-9:
The most capable computer onboard a US military system is the core processor in the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, which has earned it the nickname "the flying supercomputer." The processor can perform 400 billion operations per second. 1 By comparison, the Nvidia DRIVE AGX Pegasus can conduct 320 trillion operations per second right onboard a commercial car or truck. 2 That is eight hundred times more processing power.
... snip ...

... 2011 radar tutorial mentioned to do realtime stealth aircraft targeting required more computer power than currently available.

... 2015 DOD clamped export restrictions on latest computer technology

... ye2017 article said that self-driving cars had computer power that was 100 times required to do realtime stealth aircraft targeting mentioned in the 2011 radar tutorial

posts mentioning radar tutorial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#55 Why Not Use Self-Driving Cars as Supercomputers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#60 Martial Arts "OODA-loop"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#35 US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#46 Watch AI-controlled virtual fighters take on an Air Force pilot on August 18th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#39 Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#77 Test Pilot Admits the F-35 Can't Dogfight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#73 Note on dis-orientation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Counterinsurgency Myth

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Counterinsurgency Myth
Date: 14 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Counterinsurgency Myth
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/09/the-counterinsurgency-myth.html
In early December 2001, just nine weeks after invading Afghanistan, the US military overthrew the Taliban government, accomplishing what it is most apt at doing: winning conventional military battles. In the following days, the deputy secretary of defense, Paul Wolfowitz, made it clear that "the war in Afghanistan is not won... We may be hunting Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan for months from now."

Wolfowitz's statement acknowledged the transition from conventional warfare aimed at overthrowing the Taliban regime to a concerted campaign of unconventional, irregular, and special operations warfare known as counterinsurgency. Over the next 19 years and eight months, the US and its allies' counterinsurgency campaign terrorised and alienated the Afghan population, leading to the resuscitation of a defeated and unpopular Taliban - and, ultimately, the inevitable but potentially infinitely prolonged withdrawal of coalition forces.

... snip ...

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crises), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

"Team B" spinning Soviet military to justify huge DOD budget increase
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

Originally Iraq2 invasion was justified on Iraq supporting (saudi wahhabi) Al-Qaeda and would only cost $50B (and could be recovered using Iraq oil) ... since Iraq was against Al-Qaeda, that was then changed to Iraq had WMDs.

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

... truth is stranger than fiction and more from the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

FBI releases first secret 9/11 file

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: FBI releases first secret 9/11 file
Date: 14 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#46 FBI releases first secret 9/11 file

Long-Secret FBI Report Reveals New Connections Between 9/11 Hijackers and Saudi Religious Officials in U.S. "This validates what we have been saying," says an attorney for families of 9/11 victims who are suing the Saudi government over alleged support of the 2001 terrorist attacks.
https://www.propublica.org/article/long-secret-fbi-report-reveals-new-connections-between-9-11-hijackers-and-saudi-religious-officials-in-u-s

posts mentioning saudi wahhabi terrorists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#49 The Counterinsurgency Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#38 The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#37 9/11 and the Saudi Connection. Mounting evidence supports allegations that Saudi Arabia helped fund the 9/11 attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#18 A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#62 An Un-American Way of War: Why the United States Fails at Irregular Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#11 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#143 "Undeniable Evidence": Explosive Classified Docs Reveal Afghan War Mass Deception
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#135 Permanent Record
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#124 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#113 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#105 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#85 Just and Unjust Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#70 Since 2001 We Have Spent $32 Million Per Hour on War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#67 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#58 Homeland Security Dept. Affirms Threat of White Supremacy After Years of Prodding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#26 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#25 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#22 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#99 Trump claims he's the messiah. Maybe he should quit while he's ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#77 Magic and Mayhem: The Delusions of American Foreign Policy From Korea to Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#65 What Happened to Aung San Suu Kyi?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#47 Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#32 William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. 'Witch Hunt': Iran-Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#7 You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#56 U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Up to Half of the $14 Trillion Spent by Pentagon Since 9/11 Has Gone to War Profiteers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Up to Half of the $14 Trillion Spent by Pentagon Since 9/11 Has Gone to War Profiteers
Date: 14 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Up to Half of the $14 Trillion Spent by Pentagon Since 9/11 Has Gone to War Profiteers
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/09/up-to-half-of-the-14-trillion-spent-by-pentagon-since-9-11-has-gone-to-war-profiteers.html
That's according to a new paper (pdf) authored by William Hartung--director of the Arms and Security Program at the Center for International Policy--and released Monday by Brown University's Costs of War Project.

Published just days after the 20th anniversary of the September 11 attacks and two weeks after the last U.S. military plane departed Afghanistan, the paper documents the extent to which the massive post-9/11 surge in Pentagon spending benefited weapon makers, logistics firms, private security contractors, and other corporate interests.

... snip ...

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
"perpetual war" is preferred over actually winning.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure, more money from series of failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

2002 congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentioning Comptroller General
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
posts mentioning Too Big To Fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-go-fail
posts mentioning the fed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.reserve

posts mentioning war profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#80 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#49 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#48 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#60 Dirty Money, Shiny Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#55 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#83 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#68 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#35 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#5 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#71 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#63 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#71 Wylie discernible patterns

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

By Letting Saudi Arabia Off the Hook Over 9/11, the US Encouraged Violent Jihadism

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: By Letting Saudi Arabia Off the Hook Over 9/11, the US Encouraged Violent Jihadism
Date: 14 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
By Letting Saudi Arabia Off the Hook Over 9/11, the US Encouraged Violent Jihadism
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/09/14/by-letting-saudi-arabia-off-the-hook-over-9-11-the-us-encouraged-violent-jihadism/

predates 9/11, see list of saudi wahhabi terrorism posts here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#50 FBI releases first secret 9/11 file

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Kill Chain

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Kill Chain
Date: 15 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#48 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#6 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#87 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare

The Kill Chain
https://www.amazon.com/Kill-Chain-Defending-America-High-Tech-ebook/dp/B07W56RZCN/
pg 76/loc1369-70:
FIVE SOMETHING WORSE THAN CHANGE

pg 76/loc1374-78:
The difference is that the United States now finds itself in a decidedly worse position than we were in during the ebullient years after our triumphs in the Cold War and Operation Desert Storm. Our military is overly invested in large bases and expensive platforms that our rivals have spent decades building advanced weapons to attack. Many of the "transformational" procurement programs of the 1990s and 2000s are arriving so late (if at all) that the old systems they were supposed to replace are simply aging out of the force with nothing to take their place.

pg 77/loc1385-88:
It did not happen for lack of money. Washington has spent trillions of dollars on defense since 1991, but too often it was spent on the wrong military programs and foreign policies, and the resulting problems were exacerbated by an unwillingness of defense leaders to make hard choices about what military systems to stop buying and what military missions to stop doing.
... snip ...

There was enormous uptic in the rapidly spreading success of failure culture ... a series of failures met more money
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
somewhat leaking over from beltway bandits and gov. contractors into the military-industrial complex ... never winning and perpetual war met more money
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

we were slightly involved, summer 2002 we get a call to respond to unclassified BAA (by IC-ARDA, since renamed IARPA) that was about to close, basically said that they didn't have the needed tools ... we got response in and had couple meetings (some what strained since don't have clearance) showing that could do what was needed ... and then nothing (BAA principle was apparently known for being able to do 40+ clause SQL queries). Really didn't figure out what was going on until success of failure articles.

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

of course the corruption of the military-industrial complex dates back at least to Eisenhower's warning ... and shows up here involving Boyd acolyte, was graduate of first USAF academy class and on fast track to general, when he says Boyd destroyed his career by challenging him to do what was right, ... later wrote a book
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/
HBO turned into movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
related NYT article: Corrupt from top to bottom
https://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html

In the 80s, former CIA director H.W. is VP, he and Rumsfeld are involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs (note picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

GAO Air Effectiveness Study
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134
says that A10s fired one million 30mm shells in Desert Storm, that they were so effective taking out Iraqi tanks that their crews were walking away from them (as sitting ducks). The stories of horrific tank battles with coalition forces taking no damage, don't mention if the Iraqi tanks had anybody home. Burton has said that he got 30mm shells cut from nearly $100/shell to $13 (the one million shells would be $13M, least expensive of all Desert Storm). Burton in the past has suggested a mini-A10 with only a five barrel gun (that could be forward deployed and maintained), but these days would more likely be UAV.

Gulf War, 1991 17Jan-28Feb, only last 100hrs was land war, Boyd has been credited with the (land) battle plan. There have been lots of explanations and excuses why Boyd's left hook failed and the Army M1 Abrams weren't in position to trap the retreating Republican Guard ... I would say that can add that Boyd possibly didn't realize how tightly tethered the M1 Abrams were to their supply and maintenance.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War

Boyd posts & refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

... from truth is stranger than fiction and law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you, much of the radical Islam & ISIS can be considered our own fault, VP Bush in the 80s
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

Saudi radical extremist Islam/Wahhabi loosened on the world ... bin Laden & 15of16 9/11 were Saudis (some claims that 95% of extreme Islam world terrorism is Wahhabi related)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabism

Mattis somewhat more PC (political correct)
https://www.amazon.com/Call-Sign-Chaos-Learning-Lead-ebook/dp/B07SBRFVNH/
pg21/loc349-51:
Ayatollah Khomeini's revolutionary regime took hold in Iran by ousting the Shah and swearing hostility against the United States. That same year, the Soviet Union was pouring troops into Afghanistan to prop up a pro-Russian government that was opposed by Sunni Islamist fundamentalists and tribal factions. The United States was supporting Saudi Arabia's involvement in forming a counterweight to Soviet influence.
... snip ...

and internal CIA
https://www.amazon.com/Permanent-Record-Edward-Snowden-ebook/dp/B07STQPGH6/
pg133/loc1916-17:
But al-Qaeda did maintain unusually close ties with our allies the Saudis, a fact that the Bush White House worked suspiciously hard to suppress as we went to war with two other countries.
... snip ..

This century, Bush2 is president (presiding over debt explosion, perpetual war, and economic mess, 70 times larger than his father's S&L crises), Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

Before the Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with (cousin, white house chief of staff) Card and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

note the military-industrial complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (showing up later in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
https://www.amazon.com/Ghost-Riders-Baghdad-Soldiers-Civilians-ebook/dp/B014PWVUAC/
pg111/loc2179-82:
The backstory to all this is well reported. The Bush administration appointed hundreds of politically loyal neoconservative bureaucrats to run postwar Iraq, including the top civilian official--L. Paul Bremer. Bremer, heavily influenced by Iraqi exiles like Ahmed Chalabi and supported by Vice President Dick Cheney, implemented a policy of de-Baathification.

pg111/loc2193-95:
On 16 April 2003, Bremer, against the advice of Colin Powell's State Department and the Central Intelligence Agency, disbanded the Iraqi Army. 16 This seemingly simple decision placed a few hundred thousand unemployed young men back on the street with no effective reintegration strategy.

pg171/loc3246-49:
All this talk of "what-ifs" and lost Surge opportunities ignores one salient, if uncomfortable, fact: ISIS is an outgrowth of our own invasion. Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF--as we gleefully named it) was more than just an awful euphemism; it spelled catastrophe--and chaos--for most Iraqis.
... snip ...

The Deep State
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:
In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming administration choose personnel

pg191/loc3057-58:
In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second,

pg191/loc3060-62:
Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.
... snip ...

... kicking hundreds of thousands of soldiers out on the streets created ISIS ... and bypassing the ammo dumps (looking for fictitious/fabricated WMDs) gave them over a million metric tons.

some posts referencing Leninist personnel policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#40 The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#123 'Deep, Dark Conspiracy Theories' Hound Some Civil Servants In Trump Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#115 Post 9/11 wars have cost American taxpayers $6.4 trillion, study finds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#16 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#38 Trump's Message to U.S. Intelligence Officials: Be Loyal or Leave
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#21 Mitch McConnell has done far more to destroy democratic norms than Donald Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies

some wahhabi posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#52 By Letting Saudi Arabia Off the Hook Over 9/11, the US Encouraged Violent Jihadism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#50 FBI releases first secret 9/11 file
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#49 The Counterinsurgency Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#46 FBI releases first secret 9/11 file
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#38 The Accumulated Evil of the Whole: That time Bush and Co. made the September 11 Attacks a Pretext for War on Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#37 9/11 and the Saudi Connection. Mounting evidence supports allegations that Saudi Arabia helped fund the 9/11 attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#18 A War's Epitaph. For Two Decades, Americans Told One Lie After Another About What They Were Doing in Afghanistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#62 An Un-American Way of War: Why the United States Fails at Irregular Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#42 Afghanistan Down the Drain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#11 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#102 Democratic senators increase pressure to declassify 9/11 documents related to Saudi role in attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#4 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#95 Geopolitics, Profit, and Poppies: How the CIA Turned Afghanistan into a Failed Narco-State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#71 Inflating China Threat to Balloon Pentagon Budget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#65 Biden takes steps to rein in 'forever wars' in Afghanistan and Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#59 White House backs bill to end Iraq war military authorization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#42 The Blind Strategist: John Boyd and the American Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#22 Fighting to Go Home: Operation Desert Storm, 30 Years Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#22 The Saudi Connection: Inside the 9/11 Case That Divided the F.B.I

whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

past posts mentioning the BAA summer 2002:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#66 The Case Against SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#68 RDBMS, SQL, QBE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#88 Bizarre Career Events
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#129 Republicans abandon tradition of whistleblower protection at impeachment hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#54 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#40 Acting Intelligence Chief Refuses to Testify, Prompting Standoff With Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#49 Pentagon harbors culture of revenge against whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#6 The Pentagon Is Building a Dream Team of Tech-Savvy Soldiers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#11 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#23 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#101 Nice article about MF and Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#5 NSA Deputy Director: Why I Spent the Last 40 Years In National Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#35 Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#64 Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#96 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#18 FBI Rewrites Federal Law to Let Hillary Off the Hook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#62 The NSA's back door has given every US secret to our enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#32 (External):Re: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#26 Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#76 Should New Limits Be Put on N.S.A. Surveillance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#57 Beyond Snowden: A New Year's Wish For A Better Debate

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Kill Chain

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Kill Chain
Date: 15 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#87 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#6 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#48 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#53 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare

2002 congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Profits of War: Corporate Beneficiaries of the Post-9/11 Pentagon Spending Surge
https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/papers/2021/ProfitsOfWar
Pentagon spending has totaled over $14 trillion since the start of the war in Afghanistan, with one-third to one-half of the total going to military contractors.

A large portion of these contracts -- one-quarter to one-third of all Pentagon contracts in recent years -- have gone to just five major corporations: Lockheed Martin, Boeing, General Dynamics, Raytheon, and Northrop Grumman. The $75 billion in Pentagon contracts received by Lockheed Martin in fiscal year 2020 is well over one and one-half times the entire budget for the State Department and Agency for International Development for that year, which totaled $44 billion.

... snip ...

Up to Half of the $14 Trillion Spent by Pentagon Since 9/11 Has Gone to War Profiteers. A new analysis shows that a "large portion" of Pentagon contracts in recent years have gone to just five companies: Lockheed Martin, Boeing, General Dynamics, Raytheon, and Northrop Grumman.
https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/09/13/half-14-trillion-spent-pentagon-911-has-gone-war-profiteers

war profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#51 Up to Half of the $14 Trillion Spent by Pentagon Since 9/11 Has Gone to War Profiteers

... very much Smedley Butler's "War Is A Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
... and "perpetual war" is preferred over actually winning.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler

other posts mentioning war profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#57 Generation of Vipers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#80 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#49 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#48 IBM Quota
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#15 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#60 Dirty Money, Shiny Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#55 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#83 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#68 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#35 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#5 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#71 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#63 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#71 Wylie discernible patterns

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's 'White Elephant': Why F-35 Stealth Jets Are USAF's 'Achilles Heel' Amid Growing Chinese Threats

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's 'White Elephant': Why F-35 Stealth Jets Are USAF's 'Achilles Heel' Amid Growing Chinese Threats
Date: 16 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
America's 'White Elephant': Why F-35 Stealth Jets Are USAF's 'Achilles Heel' Amid Growing Chinese Threats
https://eurasiantimes.com/americas-white-elephant-why-f-35-stealth-jets-are-usafs-achilles-heel-amid-growing-chinese-threats/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#48 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#17 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#16 In Pursuit of Clarity: the Intellect and Intellectual Integrity of Pierre Sprey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#87 The Bunker: Follow All of the Money. F-35 Math 1.0 Another portent of problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#48 The F-35 Fighter Jet Program Must be Grounded to Protect Pilots and Tax Dollars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#88 The Bunker: More Rot in the Ranks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#46 SitRep: Is the F-35 officially a failure? Cost overruns, other issues prompt Air Force to look for "clean sheet" fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#35 US Stealth Fighter Jets Like F-35, F-22 Raptors 'No Longer Stealth' In-Front Of New Russian, Chinese Radars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#18 Did They Miss Yet Another F-35 Cost Overrun?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#77 Cancel the F-35, Fund Infrastructure Instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#0 THE PENTAGON'S FLYING FIASCO. Don't look now, but the F-35 is afterburnered toast
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#82 The F-35 and other Legacies of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#11 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#8 Air Force thinking of a new F-16ish fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#102 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#100 The U.S. Air Force Just Admitted The F-35 Stealth Fighter Has Failed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#118 Pentagon: The F-35 breaks down too often and takes too long to repair
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#53 Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 -- from a pony farm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#118 Armed with J-20 stealth fighters, China's future flattops could 'eventually fight US carriers'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#104 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#49 IBM NUMBERS BIPOLAR'S DAYS WITH G5 CMOS MAINFRAMES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#31 Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35's stealth coating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: "We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike
Date: 17 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
"We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike
https://www.juancole.com/2021/09/secured-nuclear-allayed.html
Milley believes that Jan. 6 was just an initial skirmish, sort of like the failed 1905 revolution in Russia, which might lay the groundwork for a big successful revolution like that in October 1917 in Russia. Only, of course, the Trumpies 12 years from now would be making a fascist putsch, not a Communist revolution.
... snip ...

Smedley Butler's "War Is A Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
... and "perpetual war" is preferred over actually winning.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
Smedley Butler, retired USMC major general and two-time Medal of Honor Recipient
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler

other smedley butler: american fascists invited him to lead military overthrow of the US Gov. ... and blew the whistle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot
In the last few weeks of the committee's official life it received evidence showing that certain persons had made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country. No evidence was presented and this committee had none to show a connection between this effort and any fascist activity of any European country. There is no question that these attempts were discussed, were planned, and might have been placed in execution when and if the financial backers deemed it expedient.
... snip ...

... aka it was not "un-american activity" ... purely an american fascist effort, however some of the people called to testify were unavailable out of the country
https://timeline.com/business-plot-overthrow-fdr-9a59a012c32a?gi=4a89a8a04b7d
Also implicated in the plot was Al Smith, former New York governor and 1928 Democratic presidential nominee, as well as Prescott Bush, a banker, future Connecticut senator, and father to George H. W. Bush and grandfather to George W. Bush.
... snip ...

... however recruiting and planning for sedition should still be sedition

Social democracy ... countermeasure to capitalism and fascism, example, On War
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8/
loc394-95:
As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the State.
... snip ...

the government needed general population standard of living sufficient that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the capitalists in raising the general population standard of living. Saw this fight out in the 30s, American Fascists opposing all of FDR's "new deals" The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/172004 The truth, then, is that
Long and Coughlin, together with the influential Communist Party and other leftist organizations, helped save the New Deal from becoming genuinely fascist, from devolving into the dictatorial rule of big business. The pressures towards fascism remained, as reactionary sectors of business began to have significant victories against the Second New Deal starting in the late 1930s. But the genuine power that organized labor had achieved by then kept the U.S. from sliding into all-out fascism (in the Marxist sense) in the following decades.
... snip ...

aka "Coming of America Fascism" shows socialists countered the "New Deal" becoming fascist ... which had been the objective of the capitalists ... and possibly contributed to forcing them further into the Nazi/fascist camp. When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
https://www.npr.org/2012/02/12/145472726/when-the-bankers-plotted-to-overthrow-fdr
The Plots Against the President: FDR, A Nation in Crisis, and the Rise of the American Right
https://www.amazon.com/Plots-Against-President-Nation-American-ebook/dp/B07N4BLR77/

John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

American Nazis Rally in New York City. On February 20, 1939, the pro-Nazi German American Bund drew more than 20,000 people to a rally in Madison Square Garden.
https://newspapers.ushmm.org/events/american-nazis-rally-in-new-york-city
June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America.
... snip ...

Later somewhat replay of the 1940 celebration, there was conference of 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

recent posts metnioning Fascism &/or Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#101 The War in Afghanistan Is What Happens When McKinsey Types Run Everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#80 After WW2, US Antifa come home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#59 WW2 Strategic Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#96 How Ike Led
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#23 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#19 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#18 When Nazis Took Manhattan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#92 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#51 Sacking the Capital and Honor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#46 Barbarians Sacked The Capital
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#44 American Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#34 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#33 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#32 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#16 Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Loathed Lean?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#14 Book on monopoly (IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#6 Onward, Christian fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#161 Fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#145 The Plots Against the President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#112 When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#96 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#91 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#84 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#73 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#63 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#42 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#93 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#76 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#0 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#91 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#69 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#66 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#26 D-Day And The Myth That The U.S. Defeated The Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#15 Don't forget how the Soviet Union saved the world from Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: "We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike
Date: 17 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#56 "We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike

Anonymous Leaked a Bunch of Data From a Right-Wing Web Host. The hacktivist collective targeted the domain registrar Epik for providing services to clients including the Texas GOP, Parler, and 8chan.
https://www.wired.com/story/anonymous-leaked-data-from-right-wing-web-host-epik/
Anonymous says the data set is "all that's needed to trace actual ownership and management of the fascist side of the Internet that has eluded researchers, activists, and, well, just about everybody." If this information is correct, Epik's customers' data and identities could now fall into the hands of activists, researchers, and just about anyone curious enough to take a peek.
... snip ...

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Saving $3.5 Trillion on Prescription Drugs to Pay for Bernie Sanders's Big Agenda

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Saving $3.5 Trillion on Prescription Drugs to Pay for Bernie Sanders's Big Agenda
Date: 17 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Saving $3.5 Trillion on Prescription Drugs to Pay for Bernie Sanders's Big Agenda
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/09/17/saving-3-5-trillion-on-prescription-drugs-to-pay-for-bernie-sanderss-big-agenda/

2002 congress lets the financial responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report 2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of FEDRES and TBTF (too big to fail) needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

there was something about worst offender was medicare part-d that was a $40 trillion unfunded mandate (1st major bill passed in 2003 after the fiscal responsibility act was allowed to lapse in 2002):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medicare_Part_D

60mins had segment on medicare part-d legislation ... focusing on 18 congressmen&staffers that were instrumental in shepherding the bill through. Right at the end, they insert one liner that eliminates competitive bidding and they block distribution of CBO report that takes into account that change. 60mins then show side-by-side identical drugs, from veterans administration and medicare part-d ... the VA (allowing competitive bidding) drugs are 1/3rd the price of the same drugs under medicare part-d. they also found that all 18 (that shepherded the bill thru) within 6-12 months had resigned and were on drug company payrolls.

the comptroller general was on program that medicare part-d comes to represent $40T unfunded mandate ... totally swamping all other budget items ... and the bill was passed shortly after congress let the fiscal responsibility act expire.

medicare part-d posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicate.part-d
posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentioning Comptroller General
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

some big pharma posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#0 Billionaire Sacklers granted lifetime legal immunity in opioid settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#94 Drug Industry Money Quietly Backs Media Voices Against Sharing Vaccine Patents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#90 'Government Money That's Gone Into Vaccine Development Is Being Privatized by a Handful of Companies'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#44 More Evidence That Private Equity Kills: Estimated >20,000 Increase in Nursing Home Deaths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#2 Colours on screen (mainframe history question)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#51 Big Pharma CEO: 'We're in Business of Shareholder Profit, Not Helping The Sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#32 Milton Friedman's "Shareholder" Theory Was Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#14 Chicago Theory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#89 A Secret Opioid Memo That Could Have Slowed an Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#53 Patient Advocates Get Big Funding from Big Pharma
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#105 Trump to Drop Call for Medicare to Negotiate Lower Drug Prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#5 The drug industry's triumph over the DEA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#84 "Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#69 Feds Debt

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Uproar Ovear the "Ultimate American Bible"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Uproar Ovear the "Ultimate American Bible"
Date: 18 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Uproar Ovear the "Ultimate American Bible"
https://slate.com/human-interest/2021/09/lee-greenwood-bible-christian-publishing.html
Before the election of President Donald Trump, Kirkpatrick's Bible may have been received with indifference. Christian nationalism, the fusion of American national identity with white, conservative, Protestant Christianity, had been considered a fairly standard Christian position throughout American history. The ideology began to take on its current culture war connotations in the 1960s, according to Brekus, as large numbers of immigrants arrived and the civil rights and counterculture movements disrupted the status quo. White evangelicals began to see their conceptualization of the U.S. as a Christian nation as under attack. According to John Fea, a historian and the author of Believe Me: The Evangelical Road to Donald Trump, the modern form of Christian nationalism took root in the 1970s, with the rise of Jerry Fallwell's "Moral Majority." "Since the late 1970s, this 'God and country' thing has been something you fight for, not something that's a given," Fea said. "The idea of fusing the Bible with patriotism really took on a culture war sensibility."
... snip ...

racism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#racism

note that John Foster Dulles played major role rebuilding Germany economy, industry, military from the 20s up through the early 40s
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
somewhat replay of the Nazi celebration, after the war, 5000 industrialists and corporations from across the US had conference at the Waldorf-Astoria, and in part because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazis, as part of attempting to refurbish their horribly corrupt and venal image, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate Capitalism with Christianity.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the 50s was adding "under god" to the pledge of allegiance (and the US motto, "In God We Trust"). slightly cleaned up version
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance
Even though the movement behind inserting "under God" into the pledge might have been initiated by a private religious fraternity and even though references to God appear in previous versions of the pledge, historian Kevin M. Kruse asserts that this movement was an effort by corporate America to instill in the minds of the people that capitalism and free enterprise were heavenly blessed. Kruse acknowledges the insertion of the phrase was influenced by the push-back against Russian atheistic communism during the Cold War, but argues the longer arc of history shows the conflation of Christianity and capitalism as a challenge to the New Deal played the larger role.[28]
... snip ...

... "fake news" dates back to at least founding of the country, both Jefferson and Burr biographies, Hamilton and Federalists are portrayed as masters of "fake news". Also portrayed that Hamilton believed himself to be an honorable man, but also that in political and other conflicts, he apparently believed that the ends justified the means. Jefferson constantly battling for separation of church & state and individual freedom, Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power,
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/
loc6457-59:
For Federalists, Jefferson was a dangerous infidel. The Gazette of the United States told voters to choose GOD AND A RELIGIOUS PRESIDENT or impiously declare for "JEFFERSON-AND NO GOD."
... snip ...

.... Jefferson targeted as the prime mover behind the separation of church and state. Also Hamilton/Federalists wanting supreme monarch (above the law), loc5584-88:
The battles seemed endless, victory elusive. James Monroe fed Jefferson's worries, saying he was concerned that America was being "torn to pieces as we are, by a malignant monarchy faction." 34 A rumor reached Jefferson that Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists Rufus King and William Smith "had secured an asylum to themselves in England" should the Jefferson faction prevail in the government.
... snip ...

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#66 Democracy is a threat to white supremacy--and that is the cause of America's crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#112 When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#107 The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#37 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#98 Christian nationalists are trying to seize power -- but progressives have a plan to fight back

more past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#56 "We are on the way to a right-wing coup:" Milley secured Nuclear Codes, Allayed China fears of Trump Strike
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#98 No, the Vikings Did Not Discover America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#80 After WW2, US Antifa come home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#46 Under God
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#11 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#96 How Ike Led
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#91 American Nazis Rally in New York City
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#33 Fascism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#0 The modern education system was designed to teach future factory workers to be "punctual, docile, and sober"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#161 Fascists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#158 Goliath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#150 How Trump Lost an Evangelical Stalwart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#127 The Barr Presidency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#112 When The Bankers Plotted To Overthrow FDR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#62 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#61 What Gandhi Believed Is the Purpose of a Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#43 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#41 Corporations Are People
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#30 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#23 Radical Muslim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#98 How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#75 The Coming of American Fascism, 1920-1940
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#51 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#5 Don't Blame Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#92 Holocaust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#65 The Forever War Is So Normalized That Opposing It Is "Isolationism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#58 Forget China - it's America's own economic system that's broken; US weakness is inbuilt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#50 More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Did America's Sherman Tank Win against Superior German Tanks in World War II?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Did America's Sherman Tank Win against Superior German Tanks in World War II?
Date: 19 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
How Did America's Sherman Tank Win against Superior German Tanks in World War II? Two tank philosophies, totally at odds with each other. What were they?
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/reboot/how-did-americas-sherman-tank-win-against-superior-german-tanks-world-war-ii-185625

From Guderian's Panzer Leader
https://www.amazon.com/Panzer-Leader-Heinz-Guderian-ebook/dp/B07KTBSD1L/
loc2902-3:
Hitler then said: 'If I had known that the figures for Russian tank strength which you gave in your book were in fact the true ones, I would not--I believe--ever have started this war.'

loc2903-6:
He was referring to my book Achtung! Panzer!, published in 1937, in which I had estimated Russian tank strength at that time as 10,000; both the Chief of the Army General Staff, Beck, and the censor had disagreed with this statement. It had cost me a lot of trouble to get that figure printed; but I had been able to show that intelligence reports at the time spoke of 17,000 Russian tanks and that my estimate was therefore, if anything, a very conservative one.

loc2262-64:
At this time our yearly tank production scarcely amounted to more than 1,000 of all types. In view of our enemies' production figures this was very small. As far back as 1933 I had visited a single Russian tank factory which was producing 22 tanks per day of the Christie-Russki type.
... snip ...

Tanks in the German Army
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanks_in_the_German_Army
First encountered on 23 June 1941,[24] the T-34 outclassed the existing Panzer III and IV.[25] At the insistence of General Heinz Guderian, a special Panzerkommision was dispatched to the Eastern Front to assess the T-34.[26] Among the features of the Soviet tank considered most significant were the sloping armor, which gave much improved shot deflection and also increased the effective armor thickness against penetration, the wide track, which improved mobility over soft ground, and the 76.2 mm gun, which had good armor penetration and fired an effective high-explosive round. ... snip ...

The british referred to Shermans as Tommy Cookers because crews were being sent out out to be slaughtered; Boyd's briefings had German's with 10:1 kill ratio (10 Shermans killed for every German tank, even inferior to the Russians), US was planning on winning with battle of attrition; Germans would run out of tanks and crew before the US (even at 10:1) ... although US folklore running out of crews and having to recruit kitchen staff and cooks.
http://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/m4-sherman-vs-german-panther/
The Sherman was at a disadvantage. Although it mounted 75mm cannon, it was of a low-velocity type. The Sherman's designers felt that a low-velocity gun would last longer than a high-velocity one. They failed to realize that few Shermans would ever last long enough in combat to wear out their barrels. Later versions would have an upgraded high-velocity gun, but they would not reach front-line units until late November 1944, five months after the Normandy invasion. The armor, at 81mm, was considerably thinner than the Panther's and unable to withstand its armor-piercing ammunition.
... snip ...

Sand and Steel
https://www.amazon.com/Sand-Steel-Invasion-Liberation-France-ebook/dp/B07PPVG8HG/
pg47/loc1600-1604:
The stature of the Nazi war machine, forged in North Africa, Italy and on the Eastern Front, was still feared in 1944, though demonstrably hollowed out. It also helped Berlin that the Western Allies, particularly the 21st Army Group, were also excessively cautious, which played to the German inclination - despite their convoluted command - of tactical speed of reaction. Finally, it also suited many Allied commanders after the war to talk up the prowess of their opponents, making the achievement of subduing them all the greater.

Germany was so depleted by D-day that they were using horses for transport, pg38/loc1415-18:
It still comes as a surprise to many that the German Army in Normandy was predominantly horse-drawn. When Second Lieutenant Bob Sheehan of the US 60th Chemical Company (an outfit responsible for smoke weapons) breasted a rise over the dunes of Omaha on 7 June, he saw 'a mind-shattering sight that convinced me the war was as good as won. It was a dead horse. The poor animal was still attached to the wagon it had been pulling.

pg39/loc1421-24:
We have already noted that 115,000 of them were assigned to OB West, with exactly 33,739 on the books of the Seventh Army on 1 March 1944, and another ten thousand arriving by 1 June. 60 These numbers came as a shock to Rommel, who, of course, had commanded the 7th Panzer Division in 1940 and the Afrika Korps in 1941-3, neither of which used horses.
... snip ...

D-day was somewhat side-show for Germans ... majority of German military resources were in the east dealing with 500 Soviet divisions. The total of all US WW2 forces:
https://www.armydivs.com
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_divisions_during_World_War_II
The 90-division gamble
https://history.army.mil/books/70-7_15.htm

... and part of horrific fighting on Omaha beach (from US army war college, free PDF)
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/2011/pubs/the-european-campaign-its-origins-and-conduct/
loc2582-85:
The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.
... snip ...

Apparently Roosevelt didn't believe that US could defeat Japan without Soviets and had agreement with Stalin where Soviet would come in against Japan after the Germans had been defeated. Other reference "The Cover-Up at Omaha Beach"
https://www.amazon.com/Cover-Up-Omaha-Beach-Rangers-Battery-ebook/dp/B00J75ISNU/

Soviets sent 1.5M troops into Manchuria and quickly defeated million Japanese troops and were within three days of invading Japanese homeland when the bombs were dropped.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_invasion_of_Manchuria
By comparison US had 600k toops and battleships for Okinawa against 76k Japanese (and US was months away from mounting a homeland invasion)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Okinawa

The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It. Seventy years after the bombing, will Americans face the brutal truth?
https://www.thenation.com/article/world/why-the-us-really-bombed-hiroshima/

Mythmaking and the Atomic Destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/06/mythmaking-and-the-atomic-destruction-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki/
Reality: Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed to prevent the Soviets from making a contribution to the victory against Japan, which would have forced Washington to allow Moscow to participate in the postwar occupation and reconstruction of the country. It was also the intention to intimidate the Soviet leadership and thus to wrest concessions from it with respect to the postwar arrangements in Germany and Eastern Europe. Finally, it was not the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but the Soviet entry into the war against Japan, which caused Tokyo to surrender.
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

sherman &/or soviet tank posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#16 Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Loathed Lean?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#93 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#56 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#55 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#29 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#28 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#17 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#21 To: Graymouse -- Ireland and the EU, What in the H... is all this about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#28 was change headers: The Fate of VM - was: Re: Baby MVS???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#14 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#10 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#85 V-Man's Patton Quote (LONG) (Pronafity)

Hiroshima posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#101 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#95 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#80 Collins radio and Braniff Airways 1945
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#68 Profit propaganda ads witch-hunt era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#16 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#94 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#93 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#92 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#82 The War Was Won Before Hiroshima--And the Generals Who Dropped the Bomb Knew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#76 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#89 The US destroyed Tokyo 73 years ago in the deadliest air raid in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#64 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#82 Early use of word "computer", 1944
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#64 Strategic Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#60 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#28 Kill Chain: The Rise of High Tech Assassins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#60 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#67 Downwind from Alamogordo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#30 The recently revealed excesses of John Thain, the former CEO of Merrill Lynch, while the firm was receiving $25 Billion in TARP funds makes me sick

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtual Machine Debugging

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Virtual Machine Debugging
Date: 19 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The univ. had 709/1401 when I took a 2 semester hr intro to computers/fortran. The univ was sold a 360/67 for tss/360 (to replace the 709/1401) and got a 360/30 to replace the 1401 as part of transition to the 360/67. At the end of the semester, I got a student job to rewrite 1401 MPIO (tape<->unit record front end for 709) in 360/30 (1401 MPIO ran just fine on 360/30 in hardware emulation, but I guess it was part of univ. getting 360 experience). The univ. shutdown the datacenter from 8amSat until 8amMon and I would have the place dedicated (although 48hrs w/o sleep could make monday morning classes hard). I got to design and implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handler, scheduling, storage management, etc ... within 3months I had box of 2000 cards ... with assembler conditional that either generated stand-alone version (loaded with BPS loader) or under os/360. The stand-alone version took 30mins to assembler, the os/360 took an hour (could watch the lights, five DCB macros taking 5+min each).

... weekend 48hrs straight "personal" computer time with 360/30 (later with 360/67, within a year of taking intro class, was hired fulltime responsible for os/360 running on 360/67 as 360/65) ... first would set "address compare stop" ... and then single step.

When I first transferred to IBM San Jose Research, I was allowed to wander around a lot of IBM and customer locations ... including bldg14 (disk engineering) and bldg 15 (product test) across the street. At the time they were running 7x24, prescheduled stand alone testing. They said they had recently tried MVS ... but it had 15min mean-time-between failure (in those environment) requiring manual re-ip. I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor making it bullet proof and never fail ... enabling any amount of concurrent, on-demand testing. Downside was that problems frequently came to my door and I had to spend increasing amount of time playing disk engineer and shooting their hardware bugs.

Later I wrote internal report and all the work needed to be done and happened to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... bringing the wrath of the MVS organization down on my head ... informed that they tried to have me separated from IBM and when that didn't work they resorted to other actions.

archived posts about playing disk engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

Note that student fortran jobs ran under a second on 709 tape->tape (with 1401 unit record front end). Initial move to os/360 on 360/67 (in 360/65 mode) was over a minute each. Installing HASP cut that in half. Carefully redo of SYSGEN for arm seek & (PDS directory) multi-track seach cut it again by almost 2/3rds ... to 12.9sec ... part of old presentation at fall1968 SHARE with OS/360 numbers and running in CP67 virtual machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Original CP67 (installed Jan1968) added 534 cpu secs to elapsed run time (12.9sec/job to 34.2sec/job), by Fall68 SHARE, I had cut CP67 added CPU overhead to 113 CPU secs (increased 12.9sec/job to 17.4sec/job).

The CP67 kernel process was to collect all the CP67 kernel TXT files and slap BPS loader on the front. The BPS loader resolves all the ESD symbols and when finished branches to the address/symbol in the LDT card ... which pointed to the "SAVECP" entry point. SAVECP would take the freshly loaded core/storage image and write it to disk, the process is reversed when the disk was IPL'ed.

CP67 didn't originally ship with source for the BPS loader (although it shipped with source for everything else). One of the modifications I made before joining IBM, involved changes to support "paging" portions of the (fixed) cp67 kernel ... the process I used created a quite a few new ESD entry symbols. Basic BPS loader provided with CP67 only supported 256 ESD symbols ... which I managed to exceed. It was real pain trying to deal with the number of ESD limitation ... reducing fixed CP67 kernel by around 30kbytes, around 100k to around 70k (would have made more difference for the installations running 256kbyte & 512kbyte 360/67s, less so for 768kbyte & 1024kbyte machines). IBM would pick up and shipped nearly all my other changes, but didn't ship the pageable kernel changes. I also discovered that BPS loader passed a register pointer to its loader table. I modified the SAVECP code to copy the BPS loader table to the end of the pageable kernel area (sorting the entries by storage address). I also enhanced the CP67 DUMP print formatting routines to resolve various addresses using the information from the appended BPS loader table entries.

After joining the science center, I was able to find a copy of the BPS loader source in a card cabinet in the attic storage area of the 545 tech sq. bldg. and increase the number of ESD table entries. While the CP67 pageable kernel code wasn't released to customers, it was picked up by the new development group doing the morph from CP67->VM370 (but for some reason didn't include the code that added the BPS ESD table to the end of pageable kernel) ... also in the morph from CP67->VM370 they dropped and/or greatly simplified a lot of CP67 function (including a lot of stuff I had originally done as undergraduate as well as the CP67 multiprocessor support).

Roll forward more than decade and I wanted to demonstrate that REX (before renamed REXX and released to customers) ... so I chose the large assembler IPCS dump analyzer to redo in REX ... objective was to take 3months elapsed working less than half time, resulting in ten times the function and running ten times faster (slight of hand to make REX implementation run faster than the assembler version). I finished early so wrote a library of automated scripts that would search for common failure signatures. Also allowed it to run against a "dump" file or the running kernel (and use the BPS ESD table entries if they were available).

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters, initially CP67 and then later VM370 ... "CSC/VM" with lots of CP67 stuff moved to VM370 ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

I've also periodically mentioned one of my early & long-time customers was HONE ... lots of past posts mentioning HONE (&/or APL)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

The internal CP67 pageable kernel created a psuedo "SYSTEM" user with its own paging tables and psuedo virtual address space ... which was carried over into VM370. What wasn't carried over was a CP67 change that during user logoff, reassigned all pending events & I/O to the "SYSTEM" userid, eliminating an enormous number of system failures and zombie/hung users. I had done a bunch of automated benchmark work where the number and execution profiles could be varied, trivial users and workload to heavy stress testing. When I first started the migration from CP67 to VM370, benchmark sequences were guaranteed to crash VM370 ... it wasn't until the CP67 serialization mechanism had been migrated to VM370 ... that I could successfully complete benchmark runs. past posts discussing automated benchmarking work (including the autolog command, which was also quickly picked up for automation of service virtual machines)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#benchmark

trivia: I had expected REX IPCS implementation, "DUMPRX" would be released to customers, in part since nearly every internal datacenter and IBM PSR made use of it. However for various reasons it wasn't ... but I did get IBM permissions to do user group presentations on how I had done the implementation ... and within a few months, similar non-IBM versions began appearing. past posts mentioning DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

more trivia: 3090 service processor started out as an highly modified VM370/CMS Release 6 running on 4331. It was later updated to a pair of 4361s instead ... 3092 ... mentions that 3092 requires a pair of FBA 3370 disk drives, even for MVS installations (that has never had FBA support)
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html
and old archived email from 3092 group:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

all the 3092 service screens were done in CMS IOS3270 ... a IOS3270 version of greencard was also done ... I've done a quick&dirty conversion to HTML:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtual Machine Debugging

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Virtual Machine Debugging
Date: 19 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#61 Virtual Machine Debugging

Cambridge Science Center originally did CP/40 on a 360/40 that had hardware modifications for virtual memory. CP/40 morphs into CP/67 when CSC gets a 360/67 standard with virtual memory. Second CP/67 was installed at MIT Lincoln Labs, third CP/67 was installed at univ. that I was at out on the west coast. Lot more history done by Melinda:
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/
VM and the VM Community: Past, Present, and Future (1997)
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/25paper.pdf
1991 version
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/neuvm.pdf

CSC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

As undergraduate, besides lots pathlength optimization for CP67, I also did optimizied disk arm seek and rotation algorithms, dynamic adaptive resource management and scheduling algorithm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
... mentioned here
https://web.archive.org/web/20110817070419/http://www.mainframezone.com/static/mainframe-hall-of-fame
and Global LRU page replacement algorithm ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

In the early 80s, Jim Gray had left SJR for Tandem (palming some number of things off on me). At SIGOPS (Asilomar, 14-16Dec81), Jim Gray asked me if I could help co-worker at Tandem get his Stanford PHD (advisor was later president of Stanford) which involved global LRU (page replacement), and he knew I had down a lot of work on global LRU and had apple-to-apple comparison between local and global LRU (as undergraduate in the 60s). Some of the "local LRU" forces (dating back to 60s when I was doing global LRU) were heavily lobbying Stanford to block awarding PHD involving global LRU. When I went to send information ... SJR management said that I wasn't allowed to (even tho none of the information involved anything after joining IBM). I've commented that I hoped that it was done as punishment for online computer conferencing ... rather than they taking part in the global/local LRU academic dispute. I wasn't allowed to send reply for nearly a year (I had been blamed for online computer conferencing, precursor to modern social media, on the internal network; folklore is that when corporate executive committee was told, 5of6 wanted to fire me. nearly year delay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019

Also, one of the outcomes of "Tandem Memos" was a researcher was hired to study how I communicated ... sat in the back of my office for nine months taking notes on face-to-face and telephone conversations, also got copies of all my incoming and outgoing email and logs of all instant messages. Result was a number of (IBM) research reports, conference presentations, papers, books, and Stanford PHD (joint between language and computer AI, Winograd was advisor on AI side). archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
Date: 19 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Sears is shutting its last store in Illinois, its home state
https://www.cnbc.com/2021/09/16/sears-is-shutting-its-last-store-in-illinois-its-home-state.html

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards

... snip ...

... then in the 90s, articles were starting to appear that executives were maximizing thier bonuses by redirecting funds from other purposes (planning on being long gone, leaving it to others in the future to deal with the problems created). For instance, stock buybacks use to be illegal because it easily allowed executives to manipulate the market; example turning IBM into financial engineering company (on steroids) Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/

I Origins of the Corporation. Although the corporate structure dates back as far as the Greek and Roman Empires, characteristics of the modern corporation began to appear in England in the mid-thirteenth century.[4] "Merchant guilds" were loose organizations of merchants "governed through a council somewhat akin to a board of directors," and organized to "achieve a common purpose"[5] that was public in nature. Indeed, merchant guilds registered with the state and were approved only if they were "serving national purposes."[6]

... snip ...

stock buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtual Machine Debugging

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Virtual Machine Debugging
Date: 20 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#61 Virtual Machine Debugging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#62 Virtual Machine Debugging

Note in 89/90, the commandant of the marine corps leverages Boyd for a corps make-over (I had been introduced to Boyd in he early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM) ... at a time when IBM was desperately in need of a make-over ... 92, IBM has gone into the red and was being re-organized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html
we had left but get a call from bowels of Armonk asking if we could help with the breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other units, which would be in different corporations after the breakup. All these MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts (before we get started, a new CEO is brought in and reverses the breakup)

During that period, we also got email from former coworkers complaining that top executives weren't paying attention to running the business but totally focused on moving expenses from the following year to the current year. We ask our contact in Armonk. He says top executives won't get a bonus for the current year, but the way the bonus plan is written if they can move enough expenses from the following year, nudging it even slightly into the black, they will get a bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (aka, getting rewarded for having taken the company into the red)

An European IBM executive view of the crises
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm

the seeds for IBM downturn was sown as Future System was failing ... during the FS period in the 1st half of the 70s (complete different and completely replace 370), 370 work was being shutdown ... the lack of new IBM 370 products in the period is credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold. I continued to do 360/370 work all through the period and even periodically ridicule FS (which wasn't exactly a career enhancing activity). from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s:
and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.
... snip ...

... other FS detail
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

I've pontificated that MVS group backlash at my mentioning MVS 15min MTBF in the disk labs was partially due to culture change carefully managing the flow of information upwards (as part of FS failing).

During the late 70s and early 80s, I was also blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network ... folklore is when corporate executive committee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me. Really kicked off when I distributed a trip report after visiting Jim Gray at Tandem ... and it came to be referred to as "Tandem Memos" (some amount comparing Tandem & IBM ... especially from the viewpoint of technical people). Executive Summary:

PREFACE

This summary is an attempt to extract from the "Tandem memos" those points which seem worthy of management attention, emphasizing those points for which a clear plan of action can be recommended. Since this summary is less than 5% as long as the original documents, some points worthy of mention are inevitably left out

I have done my best to represent the discussion as accurately as possible. Occasionally, I have added comments which are not actually present in the "Tandem memos", but are consonant with them and, in most cases, were made in other contexts by the participants

The decisions of what material and topics to include in this summary are strictly my own. I apologize if something of significance has been omitted. The intention was to include those comments which seemed to be most widely held, most globally relevant, and most amenable to action by management

SUMMARY OF THE SUMMARY

To give the reader an overview of what follows, I include here the most important points. It is impossible to do justice to the entire discussion in such a short summary of a summary

• The perception of many technical people in IBM is that the company is rapidly heading for disaster. Furthermore, people fear that this movement will not be appreciated until it begins more directly to affect revenue, at which point recovery may be impossible

• Many technical people are extremely frustrated with their management and with the way things are going in IBM. To an increasing extent, people are reacting to this by leaving IBM Most of the contributors to the present discussion would prefer to stay with IBM and see the problems rectified. However, there is increasing skepticism that correction is possible or likely, given the apparent lack of commitment by management to take action

• There is a widespread perception that IBM management has failed to understand how to manage technical people and high-technology development in an extremely competitive environment.


... snip ...

... aka which came to pass decade later.

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Matt Stoller: #OccupyWallStreet Is a Church of Dissent, Not a Protest

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Matt Stoller: #OccupyWallStreet Is a Church of Dissent, Not a Protest
Date: 20 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Matt Stoller: #OccupyWallStreet Is a Church of Dissent, Not a Protest
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/09/matt-stoller-occupywallstreet-is-a-church-of-dissent-not-a-protest-2.html
We are in the midst of a spate of "Ten years after OccupyWallStreet" articles. Keep in mind that OccupyWallStreet lasted in its original form, actual "occupations," as in continuous gatherings in specific locations, for all of two months. Recall that by 2011, it was all too evident that the financial crisis bailouts had constituted the biggest looting of the public purse in history, yet pols around the world were so captured that they failed to prosecute any executives (we pointed out why the initial go at two Bear Stearns hedge fund execs was misguided; your humble blogger and many others, such as Charles Ferguson of Inside Job, cited specific legal theories and evidence that looked mighty viable, yet were never tested).
... snip ...

... Jan1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). I was told that some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a couple billion / pump&dump, needed to fail to leave field clear for next round), and would be getting into securitized loans&mortgages next. I was to improve the integrity of securitize mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. They then find that they can pay rating agencies for Triple-A (when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony) and start doing no-documentation liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A and sell off into the bond market (doing >$27T 2001-2008 ... aka thats "TRILLION")

A decade later, Jan2009, I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (had been scanned the fall before at Boston Public Library), 30s Senate Hearings into crash of '29 ... with lots of internal HREFs and URLs comparing what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet money burying capital hill, also there may be only 2-3 "honest" members of congress).

and then there is "Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.
... snip ...

also has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

Note that they had also quickly found that they can start designing securtized instruments to fail, pay for triple-A, sell off into the bond market and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail. The largest holder of these CDS gambling bets was AIG and negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar, when the SECTREAS steps in, has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by the SECTREAS.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail ("too big to prosecute", "too big to jail")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtual Machine Debugging

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Virtual Machine Debugging
Date: 21 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#61 Virtual Machine Debugging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#62 Virtual Machine Debugging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#64 Virtual Machine Debugging

3081 some warmed over FS technology ... enormous amount of circuitry compared to more efficient designs & implementations ... contributing to the need for TCM packaging
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
The 370 emulator minus the FS microcode was eventually sold in 1980 as as the IBM 3081. The ratio of the amount of circuitry in the 3081 to its performance was significantly worse than other IBM systems of the time; its price/performance ratio wasn't quite so bad because IBM had to cut the price to be competitive. The major competition at the time was from Amdahl Systems -- a company founded by Gene Amdahl, who left IBM shortly before the FS project began, when his plans for the Advanced Computer System (ACS) were killed. The Amdahl machine was indeed superior to the 3081 in price/performance and spectaculary superior in terms of performance compared to the amount of circuitry.]

... snip ...

... field service had bootstrap process for diagnose&fix that started with scoping suspected faults. It was no longer possible to scope circuits packaged inside TCM ... so "service processor" was created ... with lots of probs into TCMs.

For 3090, the "service processor" started out as highly modified VM370/CMS Release 6 running on 4331 ... before ship, this was changed to a pair of 4361s (other detail in previous posts/comments in this thread)

other 3090 trivia ... After FS imploded, there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines, including kicking off quick&dirty 3033&3081 efforts in parallel. I had gotten involved in doing 16-cpu multiprocessor 370 system and we con'ed the 3033 processor engineers into working on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than remapping 168-3 logic to 20% faster chips). It was all going great guns until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before POK's favorite son operating system (MVS) had effective 16-way support. We were then asked to never visit POK again and the 3033 processor engineers instructed to focus exclusively on 3033. Once 3033 is out the door, they then start on trout/trout1.5 which eventually ships as 3090 ... and I can periodically sneak into POK and stay in touch ... example old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#email831118

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

past posts mentioning TCMs & service processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#58 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#82 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#76 How many years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#48 IPCS, DUMPRX, 3092, EREP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#94 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#88 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#50 Mainframes after Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#86 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#11 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#14 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#31 Hardware failures (was Re: Scary Sysprogs ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#38 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#23 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#21 Supervisory Processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#42 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#43 What was old is new again (water chilled)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#77 Z11 - Water cooling?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#22 Evil weather
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#80 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#37 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#36 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#10 What is microcode?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtual Machine Debugging

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Virtual Machine Debugging
Date: 21 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#61 Virtual Machine Debugging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#62 Virtual Machine Debugging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#64 Virtual Machine Debugging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#66 Virtual Machine Debugging

Los Gatos had built hardware LSM ... ran logic verification 50,000 times faster than 3033. Later there was EVE ... faster and handled larger logic ... but had synchronous clock ... LSM supported clock timing ... and so was also used for analog circuits like used in digital disk heads.

Burlington had 7mbyte fortran vlsi design app that ran on MVS ... prior MVS/XA and 31bit ... MVS required 8mbyte kernel image out of application 16mbyte ... and smallest CSA was 1mbyte ... so largest left for applications was 7mbytes ... and Burlington was constantly bumping its head against 7mbyte MVS application brick wall with its application. VM370/CMS had 64kbytes worth of OS/360 simulation and there were some number of internal MVS apps that wouldn't run in CMS. Los Gatos found that they could handle most them by doing approx. 12kbytes more MVS simulation ... so they could have 16mbytes-128kbytes (more than double) application space for things like the Burlington app ... providing lots of headroom for new function.

While I had office in SJR (and later ALM), Los Gatos provided me a wing with offices and labs ... in return for helping them on some stuff. Also in HSDT, I had T1 and faster computer links, both satellite and terrestrial ... including 3-node satellite network (with our custom designed TDMA earth stations), Los Gatos, Austin, and Yorktown. Los Gatos also had T3 collins digital radio with bldg12 on the main plant site. Disk engineering had temporary moved to offsite bldg ("bldg86") while bldg14 was undergoing seismic retrofit ... and had gotten an EVE. Configured T1 circuit for the RIOS (RS6000) group in Austin, satellite to Los Gatos to Bldg 12 to bldg86 ... so they could get do chip verification on the EVE in bldg86 ... claim is that it helped bring in the RIOS chip set a year early.

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

some recent posts mentioning CSA:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#17 Versatile Cache from IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#70 IBM Research, Adtech, Science Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#63 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#36 IBM S/360 - 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#115 Assembler :- PC Instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#94 MVS Boney Fingers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#25 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#18 IBM assembler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#106 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#23 VS History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#92 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200

posts mentioning LSM &/or EVE:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#28 IBM Cottle Plant Site
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#14 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#53 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#22 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#62 Mainframe IPL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#6 3880 & 3380
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#5 LSM - Los Gatos State Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#7 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#84 HSDT, LSM, and EVE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#13 Looking for info on IBM ATMs - 2984, 3614, and 3624
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#5 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#0 By Any Other Name
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#50 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#52 Basic question about CPU instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#83 Notes on two presentations by Gordon Bell ca. 1998
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#71 using an FPGA to emulate a vintage computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#63 What happened to computer architecture (and comp.arch?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#68 Toyota Beats GM in Global Production
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#68 CA to IBM TCP Conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#67 1401 simulator for OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#22 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#61 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#58 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#53 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#61 Fast and Safe C Strings: User friendly C macros to Declare and use C Strings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#73 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#11 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#42 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#29 IBM microwave application--early data communications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#17 Ethernet, Aloha and CSMA/CD -
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#33 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#6 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#65 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#25 CKD Disks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#16 US fiscal policy (Was: Bob Bemer, Computer Pioneer,Father of ASCII,Invento
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#38 When nerds were nerds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#14 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#3 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#31 asynchronous CPUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#26 LSM, YSE, & EVE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#82 Future architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#77 Pipelining in the past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#55 Multics hardware (was Re: "Soul of a New Machine" Computer?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#3 Chip Emulators - was How does a chip get designed?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ITPS

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM ITPS
Date: 21 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Yorktown did gateway between the internal network and ITPS. VMSG author very early did ITPS support (PROFS group was acquiring internal applications for wrapping full-screen menus around and selected very early version of vmsg for its email client, when the VMSG author tried to offer them a much enhanced version, they tried to have him separated from the company, whole things quieted down when he demonstrated his initials in very PROFS email in non-displayed field ... after than he only shared his source with me and one other person). From long ago and far away

ITPS MSG IUO AJDL NOCC CARD CARD
VITPS0001
Date: 03/11/80 16:04:39

To: AJDL IUO
From: wheeler

X. XXXXX
692/AJDL
Fujisawa, Japan
AJDL

re: 3101 mod. 2 boards. --

I am looking for help in obtain mod. 2 version of 3101. Our location currently has several 3101 mod. 1 on order for delivery in the next couple of weeks (with mod. 2 and printers on order for delivery for as soon as they are available). We currently have two mod. 2 3101 on loan from GSD for testing purposes. We are currently developing (and testing) enhancements to both MVS and VM to support the device. Would it be possible to obtain any mod. 2 boards from you to upgrade our 3101s????


... snip ... top of post, old email index

... we eventually got ROMs to upgrade all our mod1 3101 (glass teletypes to support mod2 "block mode" ... semi-3270)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM MYTE

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM MYTE
Date: 22 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
there was a card done in ykt that attached to channel and emulated a controller. this was packaged in an rack-mount, industrial PC/AT and sold as "8232" for use with vm370 tcp/ip support. later the vm370 tcp/ip support was migrated to MVS ... by a hack that emulated some vm370 "diagnose" instructions (in MVS).

internal use of the ykt "controller card", initially was software emulation of terminal emulation ... but over LAN interface.

prior terminal emulation was via real 327x controller, real 327x coax cable, PC card that emulated 327x terminal ... file upload/download was emulated screen input/output ... and ran into various bottlenecks. There were two versions; ANR (original 3277) and DFT (newer 3274/3278). 3274/3278 moved a lot of electronics back into controller (compared to 3277) reducing terminal manufacturing costs ... but resulted in a lot more coax chatter. As a result DFT was significantly slower than ANR for all sorts of stuff. MYTE using LAN interface for terminal emulation was much faster than either ANR or DFT (for just about everything ... especially noticable in file upload/download speed). note the "YTE" was "yorktown terminal emulation".

For TCP/IP, there wasn't a lot changed for "8232" ... also communication group fought hard to prevent its release. However, when they lost, they changed their tactic and claimed that since the communication group had corporate strategic ownership of everything that cross the datacenter walls, it had to be released through them, As a result on vm370, tcp/ip 8232 thruput got around aggregate 44kbytes/sec sustained thruput using a 3090 processor.

I then did the modifications to vm370 tcp/ip to support rfc1044 .... and in some testing at cray research between 4341 and cray ... got 1mbyte/sec sustrained (4341 channel media) using only modest amount of 4341 processor (around factor of 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed). misc. past posts mentioning 1044 support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

the trip to cray research was notable since the plane departed SFO 20 mins late ... but 5 mins before the earthquake hit.

there were internal efforts to try and package the 8232 hardware at about 1/10th the price (of the 8232), with significantly improved host pathlength support ... but that encountered huge internal political problems (from the communication group). attempt was oriented to positioning mainframe as major player in distributed processing with the mainframe as a major data/file server (much of these attempts were by the disk division seeing drop in disk sales with data fleeing to more client/server & distributed computing friendly platforms, but constantly vetoed by the communication group ... late 80s, senior disk engineer got talk at the annual world wide communication group and started it with statement that communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division ... with its corporate strategic stranglehold on datacenters).

past posts referencing internal conference talk about communication group driving demise of disk division
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Thadhani (San Jose GPD) published studies ("Interactive User Productivity") which showed quarter second response had better productivity ... MVS/TSO systems rarely showed even 1sec response at the best. 3272/3277 terminals had .086 sec hardware response. For 3274/3278 they moved lots of the hardware back into the controller (to reduce 3278 manufacturing costs) ... replaced by enormous amount of coax protocol chatter & latency ... driving hardware response to half second ... and later with IBM/PC, 3277 cards had 3-4 the upload/download throughput of 3278 cards. Some internal VM370 installations were claiming best response with .25sec system response ... but coupled with 3272/3277 hardware response made it 1/3rd sec for humans. I had numerous internal datacenters running my enhanced production system (with similar workloads & configurations of those claiming world best .25sec system response) that had .11sec system response ... coupled with 3272/3277 terminals gave .196sec response seen by humans ... achieving the quarter second response goal.


3272/3277 compared to 3274/3278:

            3277  3278
hardware    .086  .530
TSO 1sec   1.086 1.530
cms .25sec  .335  .78
cms .11sec  .196  .65

A letter was written to the 3274/3278 product administrator about how much worse it made interactive computing. The eventual response was that 3274/3278 wasn't designed for interactive computing ... but data entry (aka electronic keypunch).

Above comparisons are for channel attached controllers ... SNA attached controller's added response dwarfed even TSO service times. Extract from one of the quarter second studies:

Applications developed for the 3272 will run un-modified on the 3274 but with substantially longer response times. Service time is 3-8 times that of the 3272.

Quarter second response time objectives CANNOT be achieved using 3274 model D control units in the local environment. If the terminals are remote transmission time to the TP link will add to the system response time.


... snip ...

Trivia: in the mid-70s, CERN (later known for having created HTML and the WEB) presented at SHARE study comparing VM370/CMS and MVS/TSO. While the copies from SHARE were freely available ... all internal copies were marked "IBM Confidential - Restricted" (next to highest IBM security classification) ... available on need to know basis only (wanted to minimize IBM employee awareness of how really bad MVS/TSO was).

a couple past posts mentioning CERN study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#87 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#49 any 70's era supercomputers that ran as slow as today's supercompu

Other trivia: 1980 STL was bursting at the seams and 300 people from the IMS group were being moved to offsite bldg with dataprocessing service back to STL datacenter. They had tried "remote 3270" (SNA attached) and found the (human factors) response totally unacceptable (compared to inside the bldg vm370/cms). I got con'ed into to do channel extender support ... allowing channel attached 3270 controllers placed on the offsite bldg ... showing no perceived difference in human factors compared to 3270s in the bldg.

past posts mentioning channel extender work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

More trivia: New almaden bldg was extensively provisioned with CAT5 assuming for 16mbit/sec token-ring use ... but found that 10mbit/sec ethernet had higher aggregate network throughput, lower network latency, and $69 ethernet cards had higher per card throughput than $799 IBM microchannel 16mbit/sec token-ring cards.

archived posts mentioning Thadhani
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#32 Walt Doherty - RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#104 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#8 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#4 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#127 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#44 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#55 Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#1 3270 response & channel throughput
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#37 PDP-10 and Vax, was System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#37 Why File transfer through TSO IND$FILE is slower than TCP/IP FTP ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#15 cp67, vm370, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#19 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#2 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#15 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#13 From Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#12 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#84 Is there an SPF setting to turn CAPS ON like keyboard key?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#53 3270 Terminal

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM MYTE

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM MYTE
Date: 22 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#69 IBM MYTE

Note that the communication group had severely kneecaped the microchannel 16mbyte t/r card ... part of its fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing battles ... trying to preserve its dumb terminal paradigm

AWD had done their own (PC/AT bus) PC/RT 4mbit t/r card ... but for RS/6000 they were forced to only use PS2 microchannel cards. Besides 16mbit t/r protocol having lower aggregate throughput than 10mbit ethernet lan ... the per card throughput of the microchannel 16mbit t/r card was actually less than the AWD PC/RT (i.e. a microchannel 16mbit t/r RS/6000 server having less throughput than the 4mbit t/r PC/RT server) ... and much worse than 10mbit ethernet PC/RT server ($69 10mbit ethernet card capable of sustaining the aggregate 10mbit ethernet lan throughput ... both much greater than IBM's 16mbit t/r infrastructure).

801/risc, romp, pc/rt, aix, rios, rs/6000, power, power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM MYTE

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM MYTE
Date: 22 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#69 IBM MYTE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#70 IBM MYTE

Note: communication group hired silicon valley contractor to implement tcp/ip support directly in VTAM ... he initially demonstrated it running much faster than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody "KNOWS" that LU6.2 runs much faster than a "PROPER" TCP/IP implementation and they would only be paying for a "PROPER" implementation.

past posts referring to "PROPER" tcpip implementation in VTAM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#55 SHARE (& GUIDE)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#13 The Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#97 What's Fortran?!?!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#85 IBM SNA/VTAM (& HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#35 Transition to cloud computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#3 Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#33 How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#35 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#72 more IBM online systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#32 The very beginning of TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#42 z/OS's basis for TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage

Note at the time, standard workstation unix TCP/IP stack had 5k instruction pathlength and five buffer copies ... while VTAM LU6.2 was 150k-160k instructions and 15-16 buffer copies. I was also IBM rep to the XTP technical advisory board (that communication group tried hard to block) and working on a standard that would use scatter/gather (in mainframe terms "chain-data") I/O protocol to pipeline to smart outboard TCP/IP LAN card with NO buffer copies and more like 1k instruction pathlength ... also (dynamic, adaptive) rate-based pacing (which we had been using in HSDT for sometime instead of "windowing" algorithm) and multi-cast (military was one driving force wanted it for survivability in combat ships, subs, bombers, fighters, vehicles).

XTP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

other trivia: for a time, the person that did APPN architecture and I reported to the same executive ... I would periodically hassle him to come work on "real" networking (tcp/ip) because communication group would never appreciate what he was doing. When it came time to announce APPN, the communication group non-concurred ... and it took awhile to rewrite the announcement letter to make sure that there was NO implication that APPN was in any way related to SNA.

some APPN posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#29 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#99 Systems thinking--still in short supply
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#15 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#66 Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#50 Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#99 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#26 SNA vs TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#67 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#66 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#44 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#6 Is Microsoft becoming folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#52 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#13 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#68 ESCON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#92 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#26 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#73 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#29 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#62 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#53 APPC vs TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#51 APPC vs TCP/IP

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

FDC Haggerstown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: FDC Haggerstown
Date: 22 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
There was huge mainframe datacenter in Hagerstown ... I was doing some work for First Data ... which I think had bought the operation from Citibank ... and was in the process of doubling the datacenter size. Of course that was around the turn of the century ... I'm not sure that datacenter is still in operation. FDC has gone thru a PE LBO by KKR and then sold to FISERV.

At the time they had a clone communication box handling majority of point-of-sale credit card dialup transactions east of Mississippi.

As undergraduate four of us were blamed responsibility for (some part of) mainframe clone controller business, stared out doing channel interface board and programming Interdata/3 to simulate IBM controller. Later it was expanded to Interdata/4 for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s handling the port/line interfaces and was being sold by Interdata as IBM clone controller. P/E buys Interdata and was being sold under P/E brand ... and then sold to concurrent
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concurrent_Computer_Corporation

I thot it was neat that they were still using a box that I help create.

posts mentioning clone controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#360pcm

FDC trivia: was massive mainframe financial outsourcing business and was spun off from AMEX in 1992 in the largest IPO up until that time (15yrs before KKR did the reverse-IPO, PE LBO of FDC, at the time, the largest up until that time). Many of the execs had previously reported to Gerstner when he was president of AMEX before being hired away by KKR to help them turn around their PE LBO acquisition of RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
then was hired by IBM board as IBM new CEO ... who used some of the techniques used at RJR ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM MYTE

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM MYTE
Date: 22 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#69 IBM MYTE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#70 IBM MYTE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#71 IBM MYTE

Date: 01/17/86 12:37:14
From: wheeler
To: (losgatos distribution)

I was in YKT this week & visited xxxxx yyyy. He is shipping me two PCCAs now ... since I couldn't remember the address out here ... he is sending them care of zzzzz. The demo they had with PCCA on PCNET was various host connections was quite impressive, both terminal sessions and file transfer. Terminal sessions supported going "both ways" ... PVM from PCDOS over PCNET to AT with PCCA, into 370 PVM and using PVM internal net to log on anywhere. A version of MYTE with NETBIOS support is used on the local PC machine. They claim end-to-end date rate of only 70kbytes per second now ... attributed to bottlenecks associated with NETBIOS programming. They could significantly improve that with bypassing NETBIOS and/or going to faster PC-to-PC interconnect (token ring, ethernet, etc). However, 70kbytes/sec is still significantly better than the 15kbytes/sec that Myte gets using TCA support thru 3274.


... snip ...
top of post old email index

... disclaimer: for various transgressions I had been transferred from San Jose to Yorktown ... but didn't move ... office in SJR (then ALM when research moved up the hill) and a wing in Los Gatos with offices, labs, etc ... but had to commute to YKT a couple times a month.

I also have copy of PCCA (channel attach interface, also evolves into 8232 for TCP/IP) announcement email sent out 1APR1985 (not april fools) ... to small interested party distribution list.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM MYTE

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM MYTE
Date: 23 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#69 IBM MYTE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#70 IBM MYTE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#71 IBM MYTE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#73 IBM MYTE

"Interactive User Productivity", IBM Systems Journal, v20i4, 1981, hated when IBM turned over its (previously) freely available pubs to IEEE behind paywall https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/5387884
The cost of accomplishing work on a central computer facility-- providing service to a large number of interactive users--has shifted, with the cost of the aggregate user time being the dominant component. Moreover, user costs are expected to continue to increase and system costs are expected to continue to decrease in the coming decade. This suggests that computer systems should be managed for maximum user effectiveness rather than for maximum machine usage.
... snip ...

also
https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Interactive-User-Productivity-Thadhani/997d0ab0cce6d9186c91650957d8ab5499d32eba

... i was at presentation by ykt human factors group in very early 70s about measuring threshold of perception ... they found variation in perception of immediate that varied between .1sec and .2sec across population of their colleagues at ykt (with no explanation for the variability).

A decade later I ran across paper that individual differences in the speed that signals propagate through the brain (with some speculation that it might correlate with human response time and/or IQ).

a couple past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#1 3270 response & channel throughput
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#39 PDP-10 and Vax, was System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#35 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#20 What is timesharing, anyway?

... also I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and use to sponsor his briefings at IBM ... including on his OODA-loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

in military conferences there is focus on training/practice can make it faster (hand-to-hand combat, fighter pilot reaction, etc) . however in boyd conferences in quantico at Marine Corp Univ. ... there has been consideration that the OODA-loop can range from small factions of a second to hours or days depending on what is being considered.

Boyd posts & URL refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ITPS

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM ITPS
Date: 25 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#68 IBM ITPS

... topic drift "TPF" rename for ACP. Big problem come 3081 which was going to be a multiprocessor only product and TPF/ACP didn't have multiprocessor support. They did some unnatural things to VM/370 to improve ACP/TPF running in virtual machine on 3081 ... however it degraded almost all other customer throughput that had VM370 running on every multiprocessor (not just 3081). There were afraid that the whole TPF/ACP market would move to Amdahl ... since they had a new single processor machine (with about the same throughput as two processor 3081k). Eventually IBM came out with a single processor 3083 (a 3081 with one of the processors removed). trivia: during Future System (was going to completely replace 370), 370 efforts were being shutdown and lack of new 370s contributed to giving clone 370 makers, their market foothold. When FS imploded, the 3033 & 3081 quick & dirty efforts were kicked off in parallel ... some more detail:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
The 370 emulator minus the FS microcode was eventually sold in 1980 as as the IBM 3081. The ratio of the amount of circuitry in the 3081 to its performance was significantly worse than other IBM systems of the time; its price/performance ratio wasn't quite so bad because IBM had to cut the price to be competitive. The major competition at the time was from Amdahl Systems -- a company founded by Gene Amdahl, who left IBM shortly before the FS project began, when his plans for the Advanced Computer System (ACS) were killed. The Amdahl machine was indeed superior to the 3081 in price/performance and spectaculary superior in terms of performance compared to the amount of circuitry.]

... snip ...

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

.. oh, and shutdown of ACS-360, executives were afraid that it would advance the state-of-the-art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market, bottom of article, some of the features show up more than 20yrs later with ES/9000 (Sidebar: ES/9000 high-end processors)
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

major virtual machine gov. agency back to the 60s and CP67 ... really complained loud about the VM370 hacks for TPF ... the original IBM response had done some 3270 terminal tweaks to try and mask the throughput degradation ... unfortunately this customer was all high-end ascii glass teletypes (not 3270s). Old archived email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420

The tweaks mentioned above to 3270 terminal handling were really rube-goldberg hack to try and correct for a "bug" that had been introduced in the CP67->VM370 morph ... the above email also discusses how to put it back to the original cp67 code.

some triva: the agency was also very active in the IBM SHARE user group and was also on VMSHARE ... TYMSHARE started offering their CMS-based online computer conferencing free to SHARE starting in AUG1976 ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
many companies chose their company's letters for SHARE three letter identification code ... the agency rather than choosing their agency letters chose "CAD" (folklore for "cloak and dagger").

posts mentioning multiprocessor (SMP) support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

past posts mentioning 3083 (single processor 3081, originally needed for ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#90 Was E-mail a Mistake? The mathematics of distributed systems suggests that meetings might be better
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#70 the wonders of SABRE, was Magnetic Drum reservations 1952
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#39 'Bipartisanship' Is Dead in Washington
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#44 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#66 ACP/TPF 3083
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#39 WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#74 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#72 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#50 Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#13 Tandem Memo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#77 How many years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#71 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#70 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#89 Earth's atmosphere just crossed another troubling climate change threshold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#62 The IRS Really Needs Some New Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#60 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#39 IBM etc I/O channels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#33 Bad History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#37 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#94 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#84 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#20 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#130 3380 & 3081 history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#23 IBM's 3033; "The Big One": IBM's 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#82 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#81 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#74 Lineage of TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ITPS

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM ITPS
Date: 25 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#68 IBM ITPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#75 IBM ITPS

other trivia: old email about the ACP/TPF shared system 3830 lock manager (sort of like the DEC vax/cluster disk controller lock manager) and much more efficient than reserve/release for multi-system sharing.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#email800325
above also references 65 ACP(TPF) customers and 100 APC(TPF) systems ... IBM concerned that they might all move to Amdahl because 3081 was multi-processor only and ACP/TPF didn't have multiprocessor support.

more trivia: After leaving IBM, I was brought in to the largest airline (ACP/TPF) reservation system ... to look at the ten impossible things they couldn't do. They gave me details of current setup, what they were being asked to do (initially for "ROUTES" application, about 1/4th total computer load) ... and a complete tape dump of the full (world-wide) OAG (all scheduled commercial flts). I came back two months later with ROUTES completely redone on RS6000/320 supporting all ten impossible things supported ... with throughput numbers showing ten RS6000/990s could handle easily handle every ROUTE request in the world (one of their ten impossible things). The issue was that the mainframe implementation was still based on 60s hardware trade-offs ... which could be completely different 30yrs later. Then came the hand wringing ... they eventually said they didn't actually want me to do it ... they just wanted to be able to tell the board of the parent company that I was working on it (apparently one of the board members had formally been at IBM and knew of me).

past posts mentioning ROUTES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#8 Air Traffic System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#71 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#63 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#38 LIFE magazine 1945 "Thinking machines" predictions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#109 Airlines Reservation Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#117 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#45 64 gig memory

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ACP/TPF

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM ACP/TPF
Date: 26 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#68 IBM ITPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#75 IBM ITPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#76 IBM ITPS

ACP/TPF ... orignally topic drift comments in the ITPS post. "TPF" rename for ACP.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Airline_Control_Program
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transaction_Processing_Facility

Big problem come 3081 which was going to be a multiprocessor only product and TPF/ACP didn't have multiprocessor support. They did some unnatural things to VM/370 to improve ACP/TPF running in virtual machine on 3081 ... however it degraded almost all other customer throughput that had VM370 running on every multiprocessor (not just 3081). There were afraid that the whole TPF/ACP market would move to Amdahl ... since they had a new single processor machine (with about the same throughput as two processor 3081k). Eventually IBM came out with a single processor 3083 (a 3081 with one of the processors removed). trivia: during Future System (was going to completely replace 370), 370 efforts were being shutdown and lack of new 370s contributed to giving clone 370 makers, their market foothold. When FS imploded, the 3033 & 3081 quick & dirty efforts were kicked off in parallel ... some more detail:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
The 370 emulator minus the FS microcode was eventually sold in 1980 as as the IBM 3081. The ratio of the amount of circuitry in the 3081 to its performance was significantly worse than other IBM systems of the time; its price/performance ratio wasn't quite so bad because IBM had to cut the price to be competitive. The major competition at the time was from Amdahl Systems -- a company founded by Gene Amdahl, who left IBM shortly before the FS project began, when his plans for the Advanced Computer System (ACS) were killed. The Amdahl machine was indeed superior to the 3081 in price/performance and spectaculary superior in terms of performance compared to the amount of circuitry.]

... snip ...

Future System Posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

.. oh, and shutdown of ACS-360, executives were afraid that it would advance the state-of-the-art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market, bottom of article, some of the features show up more than 20yrs later with ES/9000 (Sidebar: ES/9000 high-end processors)
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

major virtual machine gov. agency back to the 60s and CP67 ... really complained loud about the VM370 hacks for TPF ... the original IBM response had done some 3270 terminal tweaks to try and mask the throughput degradation ... unfortunately this customer was all high-end ascii glass teletypes (not 3270s). Old archived email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420

The tweaks mentioned above to 3270 terminal handling were really rube-goldberg hack to try and correct for a "bug" that had been introduced in the CP67->VM370 morph ... the above email also discusses how to put it back to the original cp67 code.

some triva: the agency was also very active in the IBM SHARE user group and was also on VMSHARE ... TYMSHARE started offering their CMS-based online computer conferencing free to SHARE starting in AUG1976 ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
many companies chose their company's letters for SHARE three letter identification code ... the agency rather than choosing their agency letters chose "CAD" (folklore "cloak and dagger").

other trivia: old email about the ACP/TPF shared system 3830 lock manager (sort of like the DEC vax/cluster disk controller lock manager) and much more efficient than reserve/release for multi-system sharing.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#email800325
above also references 65 ACP(TPF) customers and 100 APC(TPF) systems ... IBM concerned that they might all move to Amdahl because 3081 was multi-processor only and ACP/TPF didn't have multiprocessor support.

more trivia: After leaving IBM, I was brought in to the largest airline (ACP/TPF) reservation system ... to look at the ten impossible things they couldn't do. They gave me details of current setup, what they were being asked to do (initially for "ROUTES" application, about 1/4th total computer load) ... and a complete tape dump of the full (world-wide) OAG (all scheduled commercial flts). I came back two months later with ROUTES completely redone on RS6000/320 with all ten impossible things supported ... with throughput numbers showing ten RS6000/990s could handle easily handle every ROUTE request in the world (one of their ten impossible things). The issue was that the mainframe implementation was still based on 60s hardware trade-offs ... which could be completely different 30yrs later. Then came the hand wringing ... they eventually said they didn't actually want me to do it ... they just wanted to be able to tell the board of the parent company that I was working on it (apparently one of the board members had formally been at IBM and knew of me).

past posts mentioning ROUTES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#8 Air Traffic System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#71 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#63 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#38 LIFE magazine 1945 "Thinking machines" predictions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#109 Airlines Reservation Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#117 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#45 64 gig memory

... topic drift ... the TPF/ACP 3830 controller shared lock manager was considered non-strategic because it could only handle system access through the same controller. GPD strategic was string switch ... which allowed two different controllers to access same disk ... with up to four channels each giving up to eight system access (TPF/ACP 3830 lock manager only worked for systems through the same controller and had no effect on access through the other controller).

After US (world wide sales&marketing support) HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto ... it was expanded to eight 168 systems and the largest single system image loosely-coupled operation sharing large disk farm. Since it required string switch and pairs of 3830 controllers to get to eight system connectivity ... the ACP/TPF controller locking couldn't be used (and reserve/release was still too much degradation). A special channel command program was used that simulated the mainframe instruction compare and swap used for multithreaded and multiprocessor operation.

Note Charlie had invented the compare and swap instruction when he was doing fine-grain multiprocessor locking for CP67 at the science center ("CAS" was chosen because they are Charlie's initials). Initial attempts to get CAS added to 370 were rebuffed, the 370 architecture owners said that the POK favorite son operating system people were claiming that "test&set" was sufficient for multiprocessor use. They said to justify CAS for 370, additional uses (that multiprocessor locking) would be needed ... thus was born the multithreaded examples that still appear in mainframe principles of operation.

(tightly-coupled) multiprocessor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

... also, in the morph from CP67->VM370, the development group dropped and/or simplified lots of stuff (including dropping CP67 multiproceessor support as well as bunch of stuff that I had done as undergraduate before joining IBM). after joining IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operation systems for internal datacenters (originally CP67 ... including for HONE operation). As corporation moved from CP67 to VM370 ... I eventually got around to moving from CP67 to VM370 ... including starting to restore lots of stuff that had been dropped ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

Now most HONE applications were APL-based and extremely compute intensive ... US requirements were exceeding capacity of the eight systems. I then added multiprocessor support into VM370 Release 3 ... specifically for HONE ... so they could add a 2nd processor to each of the eight systems (nearly doubling the processing capacity). The APL-base compute intensive applications were still saturating HONE processing capacity ... and there were efforts to recode some of the biggest CPU-hogs in Fortran-H (but it required some other stuff I had originally done for Release 2 allowing Fortran-H applications to be called from the HONE APL environment).

HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

3083 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#90 Was E-mail a Mistake? The mathematics of distributed systems suggests that meetings might be better
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#70 the wonders of SABRE, was Magnetic Drum reservations 1952
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#39 'Bipartisanship' Is Dead in Washington
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#44 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#66 ACP/TPF 3083
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#39 WA State frets about Boeing brain drain, but it's already happening
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#23 IBM Recruiting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#74 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#72 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#29 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#50 Hawaii governor gives go ahead to build giant telescope on sacred Native volcano
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#13 Tandem Memo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#77 How many years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#71 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#70 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#89 Earth's atmosphere just crossed another troubling climate change threshold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#62 The IRS Really Needs Some New Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#60 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#39 IBM etc I/O channels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#33 Bad History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#37 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#94 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#84 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#20 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#130 3380 & 3081 history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#23 IBM's 3033; "The Big One": IBM's 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#82 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#81 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#74 Lineage of TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ACP/TPF

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM ACP/TPF
Date: 26 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#77 IBM ACP/TPF

SMP trivia: 370 multiprocessors had the processor cycle time slowed down by 10% to compensate for some of the cross-cache effects ... so that two processor system start out 2*.9 or 1.8 times a single processor. A 3081 started out with the 10% processor slowdown ... so when they eventually came out with 3083 (3081 with one of the processors removed), they could speed the processor back up (because they didn't have to allow for the two cache interference issues). MVS/370 documentation claimed that two processor had 1.2-1.5 times the throughput of a single processor (i.e. started out with hardware at 1.8 times, and then significant MVS multiprocessor software overhead would cut it further to potentially only 1.2 times a single processor).

When I added the multiprocessor support, I made the two processor support extremely lightweight pathlengths ... along with some cache affinity affects, HONE could show two processor system having twice the throughput of single processor (i.e. cache affinity lowered cache miss rate and increased the effective instruction processing rate ... offsetting the 10% processor slowdown and the lightweight multiprocessor overhead). Part of the VM370 multiprocessor support rework to improve TPF throughput running in virtual machine on 3081 eliminated some of that lightweight multiprocessor pathlength as well as cache affinity.

In traditional CMS workload there could be lots of queued activity for keeping both processors continuously ... and traditional CMS handling would either have CMS executing or CP kernel doing something on behalf of CMS. In the hypothetical VM370 3081 environment for TPF it could be assumed that the 2nd processor was frequently idle. The multiprocessor support was reworked to try and offload things like TPF virtual I/O processing to the 2nd processor and immediately return to TPF execution (so instead of proceeding sequentially, they were being overlapped, but also potentially aggravating cross-cache invalidation activity and increasing cache-miss rates). The assumption was for TPF was the overlapped execution on a 2nd (mostly idle) processor would speed up TPF throughput (and mask the increase in multiprocessing pathlength and cache misses). However, in traditional CMS online environment where both processors were nearly always busy ... the increase in multiprocessing pathlength and cache misses just resulted in decreased throughput.

SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downturn

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downturn
Date: 26 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
The seeds for IBM downturn was sown as Future System was failing ... during the FS period in the 1st half of the 70s (complete different and completely replace 370), 370 work was being shutdown ... the lack of new IBM 370 products in the period is credited with giving clone 370 makers their market foothold. I continued to do 360/370 work all through the period and even periodically ridicule FS (which wasn't exactly a career enhancing activity). from Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s:

and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *SYNCOPHANCY* and *MAKE NO WAVES* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat ... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

... other FS detail
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
note above also mentions Amdahl had left IBM before FS and shortly after ACS was shutdown ... executives were afraid that it might advance state-of-the-art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market ... following mentions some ACS features that don't show up until more than 20yrs later in ES/9000
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html so some seeds of the
downfall may have have been sown with killing of ACS.

also FS referenced in this recent thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#77 IBM ACP/TPF
Future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

In late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s). Jim Gray left IBM research in fall of 1980 for Tandem and we would periodically visit him. Internal online computer conferencing really took off after I distributed Gray trip report spring of 1981 ... some claims that 25,000 IBMers were reading. Folklore is that when corporate executive committee were told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me. From IBMJargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

from "Tanem Memos" Executive summary (about 300 pages printed along with summary, packaged in TANDEM 3-ring binders and sent to corporate executive committee) :

PREFACE

This summary is an attempt to extract from the "Tandem memos" those points which seem worthy of management attention, emphasizing those points for which a clear plan of action can be recommended. Since this summary is less than 5% as long as the original documents, some points worthy of mention are inevitably left out

I have done my best to represent the discussion as accurately as possible. Occasionally, I have added comments which are not actually present in the "Tandem memos", but are consonant with them and, in most cases, were made in other contexts by the participants

The decisions of what material and topics to include in this summary are strictly my own. I apologize if something of significance has been omitted. The intention was to include those comments which seemed to be most widely held, most globally relevant, and most amenable to action by management

SUMMARY OF THE SUMMARY

To give the reader an overview of what follows, I include here the most important points. It is impossible to do justice to the entire discussion in such a short summary of a summary

• The perception of many technical people in IBM is that the company is rapidly heading for disaster. Furthermore, people fear that this movement will not be appreciated until it begins more directly to affect revenue, at which point recovery may be impossible

• Many technical people are extremely frustrated with their management and with the way things are going in IBM. To an increasing extent, people are reacting to this by leaving IBM Most of the contributors to the present discussion would prefer to stay with IBM and see the problems rectified. However, there is increasing skepticism that correction is possible or likely, given the apparent lack of commitment by management to take action

• There is a widespread perception that IBM management has failed to understand how to manage technical people and high-technology development in an extremely competitive environment.


... snip ...

aka, which comes to pass a decade later. online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

A little after "Tandem Memos", I was introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. Note in 89/90, the commandant of the marine corps leverages Boyd for a corps make-over ... at a time when IBM was desperately in need of a make-over (two organizations had about same # of people)

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

In the late 80s a senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opened the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter wall and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. The disk division was seeing drop in disk sales with customers moving to platforms more distributed computing friendly. The disk division came up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group with their strategic stranglehold on datacenters. The communication group datacenter stranglehold not only affected disk sales but much of the rest of IBM computing business.

Communication group battle with distributed computing & client/server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

1992, IBM has gone into the red and was being re-organized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
may also work
http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,977353-1,00.html
we had left but get a call from bowels of Armonk asking if we could help with the breakup of the company. Lots of business units were using MOUs to leverage supplier contracts in other units, which would be in different corporations after the breakup. All these MOUs would have to be cataloged and turned into their own contracts (before we get started, a new CEO is brought in and reverses the breakup)

During that period, we also got email from former coworkers complaining that top executives weren't paying attention to running the business but totally focused on moving expenses from the following year to the current year. We ask our contact in Armonk. He says top executives won't get a bonus for the current year, but the way the bonus plan is written if they can move enough expenses from the following year, nudging it even slightly into the black, they will get a bonus more than twice as large as any previous bonus (aka, getting rewarded for having taken the company into the red)

An European IBM executive view of the crises (The rise and fall of IBM)
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downturn

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downturn
Date: 26 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#79 IBM Downturn

Note that AMEX was in competition with KKR for PE leverage-buyout of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into some trouble with RJR and hires away AMEX president to turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

The IBM board then hires away the former AMEX president, who reverses the breakup and uses some of the techniques used at RJR ... ref gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine.
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

... and IBM becomes a financial engineering company

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America (IBM financial engineering company)
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/loc10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

(2013) New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/
(2014) IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.
... snip ...

(2016) After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
https://www.fool.com/investing/general/2016/04/25/after-forking-out-110-billion-on-stock-buybacks-ib.aspx
(2018) ... still doing buybacks ... but will (now?, finally?, a little?) shift focus needing it for redhat purchase.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/ibm-to-buy-back-up-to-4-billion-of-its-own-shares
(2019) IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-16/ibm-tumbles-after-reporting-worst-revenue-17-years-cloud-hits-air-pocket

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pensions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downturn

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downturn
Date: 26 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#79 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#80 IBM Downturn

Branch Manager, IBM CEO's sailing buddy:

after joining IBM, I drank the koolaid and wore 3piece suits for customers ... however after being told I had no career (because I wouldn't take part of a coverup for the CEO's good sailing buddy)

... after that, never bothered again. Besides hobby of doing enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... and wandering around internal datacenters ... I spent some amount of time at user group meetings (like SHARE) and wandering around customers. Director of one of the largest (customer) financial datacenters on the east coast used to like me to drop in and talk technology. At one point, the branch manager horribly offended the customer and in retaliation, they ordered an Amdahl machine (lonely clone 370 in a vast sea of "blue). Up until then Amdahl had been selling into univ. & tech/scientific markets, but clone 370s had yet to break into the IBM true-blue commercial market ... and this would be the first. I got asked to go spend a year on site at the customer to obfuscate the reason for the Amdahl order. I talked it over with the customer and said while he would like to have me there it would have no affect on the decision, so I declined the offer.

I was then told that the branch manager was good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO and if I didn't do this, I could forget having IBM career, promotions or raises. Since I was already being told that for continuing to work on 360/370 and periodically ridiculing Future System ... it didn't seem to make a lot of difference. Some customers would even comment that it was refreshing change from the IBM "empty suits"

More FS:

Before 370 virtual memory was announced, there was an IBM virtual memory document leak to the press. One of the outcomes of the search for the leak, was all copiers were retrofitted with unique number ID (under the glass) that shows up on all copied pages (making it possible to at least narrow leak documents to a specific copying machine). Not long later, during Future System ... they tried to eliminate hardcopy, making all FS documents softcopy on specially secured VM370 systems (only specific 3270 terminals with kneecaped CMS that was only able to display documents). At one point, I have some weekend 370 time in datacenter ... that had one of the specially secured (FS document) VM370 systems. I went in Friday afternoon to make sure everything is ready for the weekend. They start haranguing me that if I was left alone in the machine room all weekend, even I couldn't get around the security ... eventually I succumbed (one of the very few times). I said what I'm going to do will only take a few seconds, but first they had to disable all terminals outside the machine room. I then used the front panel to locate the password routine and patch the branch instruction after the compare for valid password ... so whatever typed is considered valid.

MVS wrath:

When I first transferred to IBM San Jose Research, I was allowed to wander around a lot of IBM and customer locations ... including bldg14 (disk engineering) and bldg 15 (product test) across the street. At the time they were running 7x24, prescheduled stand alone testing. They said they had recently tried MVS ... but it had 15min mean-time-between failure (in those environment) requiring manual re-ip. I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor making it bullet proof and never fail ... enabling any amount of concurrent, on-demand testing. Downside was that problems frequently came to my door and I had to spend increasing amount of time playing disk engineer and shooting their hardware bugs.

Later I wrote internal report on all the work needed to be done and happened to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... bringing the wrath of the MVS organization down on my head ... informed that they tried to have me separated from IBM and when that didn't work they resorted to other actions.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downturn

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downturn
Date: 26 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#79 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#80 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#81 IBM Downturn

Global LRU:

At SIGOPS (Asilomar, 14-16Dec81), Jim Gray asked me if I could help co-worker at Tandem get his Stanford PHD (advisor was later president of Stanford) which involved global LRU (page replacement), and he knew I had down a lot of work on global LRU page replacement algorithm and had apple-to-apple comparison between local and global LRU (as undergraduate in the 60s). Some of the "local LRU" forces (dating back to 60s when I was doing global LRU) were heavily lobbying Stanford to block awarding PHD involving global LRU. When I went to send information ... SJR management said that I wasn't allowed to (even tho none of the information involved anything after joining IBM). I've commented that I hoped that it was done as punishment for online computer conferencing ("Tandem Memos") ... rather than they taking part in the global/local LRU academic dispute. I wasn't allowed to send reply for nearly a year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019

page replacement algorithm posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

30% raise:

In the early 80s, I wrote an open door claiming I was significantly underpaid with all sort of supporting documentation. I got back a written response from the head of HR saying that after a complete review of my whole career, I was making just what I was suppose to. I took the written response and original opendoor and wrote a cover letter pointing out that I was being asked to interview new hires for a new group that would operate under my direction and they were being offered starting salary 30% more than I was making. I never got a written response, but a few weeks later I got a 30% raise (putting me on level playing field with the new hire offers). Lots of people reminding me that in IBM, "Business Ethics" was an oxymoron.

IBM "Business Ethics" is oxymoron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#61 IBM Starting Salary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#42 IBM Token-Ring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#15 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#42 IBM Suggestion Program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#41 Teaching IBM Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#40 Teaching IBM class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#12 IBM "811", 370/xa architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#83 Kinder/Gentler IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#82 Kinder/Gentler IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#96 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#9 Terminology - Datasets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#44 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#0 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#38 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#50 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#36 U.S. students behind in math, science, analysis says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#37 How do you see ethics playing a role in your organizations current or past?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#53 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#72 IBM Unionization

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downturn

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downturn
Date: 26 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#79 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#80 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#81 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#82 IBM Downturn

HSDT & NSF:

Starting in early 80s, one of my projects was HSDT, T1 & faster computer links and working with the director of NSF. We were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers, but then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). IBM internal politics prevent us from bidding, NSF director tries to help by writing IBM a letter (with support from other agencies), copying the IBM CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse. Old post with preliminary announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
"The OASC has initiated three programs: The Supercomputer Centers Program to provide Supercomputer cycles; the New Technologies Program to foster new supercomputer software and hardware developments; and the Networking Program to build a National Supercomputer Access Network - NSFnet."
... snip ...

as regional networks connect in, it becomes the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
nsf posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

NCP/VTAM emulation:

for some reason I'm tracked down and asked to pickup a NCP/VTAM emulation done on Series/1 (by a baby bell) and turn it out as IBM type-1 product (initially on S/1 but migrating to risc/power). I take their production environment (60,000 terminals, multiple datacenters and systems) and run the same configuration through HONE 3725 configurator and produce a comparison presentation. The communication group goes crazy claiming that it is total invalid comparison ... I point out all the 3725 data comes from their configurator compared to real-live production environment. The communication group was fact free, constantly repeated "invalid", "invalid", etc ... never attempting to explain why. Now, communication group was also infamous for internal politcal dirty tricks, so lots of the project effort was spent trying to wall off their expected tactics. What they do next to torpedo the project can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction. Part of a presentation that I made at Oct1986 SNA Architecture Review Board meeting in Raleigh:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
part of presentation one of the baby bell people made at spring 1986 (IBM user group) COMMON conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

HA/CMP:

The last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP, it originally started out as HA/6000 for NYTimes to enable them porting their newspaper system (ATEX) from VAX/Cluster to IBM. When I started doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP. I was asked me to do a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document ... however it got pulled when both POK (mainframe) and Rochester (AS/400) complained that they couldn't meet the objectives. Old reference to Jan1992 meeting on commercial cluster scaleup in (Oracle CEO) conference room (16-way by mid-1992, 128-way by ye1992).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Within a few weeks, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM Supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later. One of the things we were told was that the MVS DB2 group had complained that if we were allowed to continue what we were doing, it would be "at least" five years ahead of what they were doing.

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
availability posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downturn

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downturn
Date: 27 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#79 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#80 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#81 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#82 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#83 IBM Downturn

disclaimer: as I've mentioned, I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM and in the 89/90 time-frame, the commandant of the marine corps leverages Boyd for a corps make-over ... at a time when IBM was desperately in need of a make-over

The first briefing, I tried to do it thru (san jose) plant site employee education, at first they agreed. Then as I provided more information ... especially how to prevail in a competitive situation ... they changed their mind, saying that IBM spends a great deal of money educating managers on how to deal with employees ... and sponsoring Boyd could be considered not in the best interests. They suggested that I restrict audience to senior members of competitive analysis departments. The first presentation was in the San Jose Research (bldg28) auditorium, open to all.

One of the things I learned sponsoring conferences in bldg28/SJR auditorium ... was inhabitants of the bldg would steal conference break refreshments ... unless you stationed a "cookie guard" to fight them off ("CONFERENCE ATTENDEES ONLY" signs weren't sufficient).

John has story about using E/M theory
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)#Military_theories
to redo the original F15 design, cutting the weight nearly in half. Then he was responsible for YF16 and YF17 (which becomes F16 and F18). F16 had relaxed stability design
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relaxed_stability
which required computer controlled fly-by-wire (pilot provides intention, and computers decide how to do it).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly-by-wire
How the F-16 Became the World's First Fly-By-Wire Combat Aircraft
http://www.f-16.net/articles_article13.html

John Boyd - USAF. The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of Air Warfare
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm
During the 1950s, John Boyd dominated fighter aviation in the U.S. Air Force. His fame came on the wings of the quirky and treacherous F-100; the infamous "Hun." Boyd was known throughout the Air Force as "Forty-Second Boyd," because he had a standing offer to all pilots that if they could defeat them in simulated air-to-air combat in under 40 seconds, he would pay them $40. Like any gunslinger with a name and a reputation, he was called out many times. As an instructor at the Fighter Weapons School (FWS) at Nellis AFB, he fought students, cadre pilots, Marine and Navy pilots, and pilots from a dozen countries, who were attending the FWS as part of the Mutual Defense Assistance Pact.

... snip ...

... he never lost ... he always did it within 20secs ... asked why he specified 40sec, he replied that there might be somebody in the world almost as good as he was and he might need the extra time ... and:

Boyd was equally famous in the classroom where he developed the "Aerial Attack Study." Until Boyd came along, fighter pilots thought that air combat was an art rather than a science; that it could never be codified. Boyd proved them wrong when he demonstrated that for every maneuver there is a series of counter maneuvers. And there is a counter to every counter. Afterwards, when fighter pilots attacked (or were attacked), they knew every option open to their adversary and how to respond. After the study was declassified, foreign pilots passing through Nellis took it home where it changed the way every air force in the world flies and fights. Even today, more than 40 years later, nothing substantial has been added to the Aerial Attack Study.

... snip ...

when he passes in 1997, he had been pretty much disowned by the USAF and it was the Marines at Arlington.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patterns_of_Conflict
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
1997 tribute to John
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
for those w/o subscription
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

Boyd posts and URL refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 3033 channel I/O testing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 3033 channel I/O testing
Date: 27 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
When I first transferred to IBM San Jose Research, I was allowed to wander around a lot of IBM and customer locations ... including bldg14 (disk engineering) and bldg 15 (product test) across the street. At the time they were running 7x24, prescheduled stand alone testing. They said they had recently tried MVS ... but it had 15min mean-time-between failure (in those environment) requiring manual re-ip. I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor making it bullet proof and never fail ... enabling any amount of concurrent, on-demand testing. Downside was that problems frequently came to my door and I had to spend increasing amount of time playing disk engineer and shooting their hardware bugs.

getting to play disk engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

Bldg15 typically got very early engineering models for channel testing ... and got 3033 serial 3o4 (1st outside of POK) and because testing only took percent or two of CPU ... setup our own private online service on it ... finding spare 3830 controller and couple strings of 3330 drives. After failure of FS, 3033 & 3081 were quick&dirty efforts to get stuff back into 370 product pipeline. 3033 started out was remap of 168-3 logic to 20% faster chips ... and then 370 microcode optimized from 168-3 avg 1.6 machine cycles per 370 instruction to avg. one machine cycle per 370 instruction. The 303x channel director was 158-3 engine w/o the 370 instruction microcode and just the integrated channel microcode (a 3031 was two 158-3 engines ... one with just the 370 instruction microcode and a 2nd with just the 370 integrated channel microcode, a 3032 was 168-3 reworked to use 303x channel director for external channels).

Future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Early on channel director had habit of hanging I/O ... and we found that if you quickly hit every channel address with CLRCH (clear channel) instruction, the channel director would re-IMPL (reset) ... w/o having to manually walk over and reset the box.

some channel director posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#107 3277 graphics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#40 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#56 IBM 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#72 I/O processors, What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#71 What could cause a comeback for big-endianism very slowly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#47 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#146 Water-cooled 360s?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#107 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#70 2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#44 IBM 9020
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#76 How many years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#63 instruction clock speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#57 DASD Development
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#0 IBM's 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#91 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#20 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#80 z/VM Live Guest Relocation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#18 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#20 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#62 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#35 Mainframe Family tree and chronology 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#81 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#50 Mainframes after Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#66 just what is micro-code anyway?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#49 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year -old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#91 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#85 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#116 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#59 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#78 Microcode

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM EMAIL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM EMAIL
Date: 27 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
some of the MIT CTSS people went to the 5th flr & Project MAC to do MULTICS. Others went to IBM cambridge science center on the 4th flr, did virtual machines, internal network, CMS & lots of online applications. Co-worker was responsible for internal network ... traffic over the internal network was via an "out of band" nodeid/userid ... that carried a multitude of different file formats ... including several email formats.

post from earlier this year on email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#54 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

For instance the PROFS group was collecting lots of internal applications and wrapping menus around (for the less computer literate employees) ... and chose a very early version of VMSG for the email client ... with some trivial format changes. When the VMSG author tried to offer a much enhanced version of VMSG, they tried to have him separated from the company (PROFS group apparently having already taken credit for it). The whole thing quiets down after he demonstrated that every PROFS email had his initials in non-displayed field. After that he only shared his source with me and one other person.

trivia: there was recent discussion about internal ITPS ... and I posted that YKT had done an internal network gateway to ITPS ... and the VMSG author added a ITPS option ... where the email was reformatted for ITPS and "tagged" for sending to the ITPS gateway.

recent ITPS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#68 IBM ITPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#75 IBM ITPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#76 IBM ITPS

some PROFS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#50 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#33 IBM/PC 12Aug1981
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#30 Departure Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#48 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#65 IBM Computer Literacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#56 In the 1970s, Email Was Special
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#37 HA/CMP Marketing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#108 IBM HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#96 PROFS and Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#70 2301, 2303, 2305-1, 2305-2, paging, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#61 Location Independent Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#20 Internal Telephone Message System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#75 CP67 & EMAIL history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#54 PROFS, email, 3270
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#25 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#5 DOS & OS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#15 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs

that was separate from the arpanet/internet gateway ... originally done at san jose research in the fall of 1982 ... in manner similar to ITPS gateway ... the email file contents was done in RFC822-format ... and then "tagged" to be sent over the internal network to the arpanet/internet gateway at SJR.

some old email about the gateway
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#email821022
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#email821022
and recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#4 IBM Internal Network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#12 The Rise of the Internet

trivia: I had done a REXX macro for internal unix workstations ... it would accept "email" files in wide variety of internal IBM formats ... convert them to RFC822-format and then forward them to designated unix workstation.

old email mentioning REMAIL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#email870925
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#email871021
archived post with TOOLS description for REMAIL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#8 IBM email
more archived posts mentioning REMAIL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#22 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#85 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#82 A History of VM Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#50 Using rexx to send an email

other trivia: early on we had a little dustup with corporate who said that "correct" business card formats were only for customer contact and could couldn't carry internal email address. We then pointed out that met that they couldn't carry internal tieline numbers ... but could carry our arpanet/internet email address. Later they gave in (this was after SJR had moved up the hill to Almaden), and I had external phone, internal tieline, internal email, external email (at the time wheeler@ibm-sj)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

UPS & PDUs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: UPS & PDUs
Date: 27 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
In 1992, AMEX spins off a lot of its dataprocessing, transaction outsourcing, datacenters, etc (including "soup to nuts" handling half of all credit card accounts in the US, transactions, billing, statements, etc) in the largest IPO up until that time as First Data. After leaving IBM, I'm doing lot of work at First Data. Turn of century, one of their datacenters has >forty max-configured IBM mainframes, at @$30M ... $30M*40+, none older than 18months, constant rolling replacements), all running 450K statement cobol program (number of mainframes needed to finish settlement of all accounts in the overnight batch window), and I'm doing some performance optimization work (I get 14% throughput improvement after a couple months work).

That datacenter had been having some glitches (power failure, switching from batteries and then to diesel generation, and then back) in their top-of-line PDUs and they hire an engineering company to work with the PDU vendor to improve the design and implementation (giving all the work for free to the PDU vendor, as long they upgrade their products to the enhanced design). At the turn of the century, they claim that at least 1000 of the new enhanced PDUs had already been installed for datacenters in just the greater Washington DC area.

trivia: 15yrs after First Data was largest IPO up until that time, KKR does a LBO of First Data in the largest private-equity, reverse-IPO, leveraged buyout up until that time.

some archived posts mentioning "First Data"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#72 FDC Haggerstown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#68 How Gerstner Rebuilt IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#61 MAINFRAME (4341) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#49 IBM CEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#97 IBM Glory days
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#7 IBM CEOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#3 How an obscure British PC maker invented ARM and changed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#155 Book on monopoly (IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#144 PayPal, Western Union Named & Shamed for Overcharging the Most on Money Transfers to Mexico
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#47 king sized ash tray "the good life" 1967 job ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#17 Dancing Elephant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#119 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#61 Canada's Telephone network, 1938 [ping Michael]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#58 We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#54 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#41 Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#51 Penn Central PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#100 Ray Tomlinson, inventor of modern email, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#45 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#12 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#74 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#92 write rings

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downturn

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downturn
Date: 28 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#84 IBM Downturn

Boyd story was that f15 started out f111 follow-on with swing wing ... he had invented e/m theory and was used to help design planes. For the f15 he cut the weight in half by showing that the weight of pivot infrastructure more than offset any benefit of the swing wing. He also used it for yf16 and yf17 (which become the f16 and f18) and helped with a10

The F-111 Was The 'F-35 Of Its Day,' But Its Failure Was A Boon To U.S. Air Power
https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidaxe/2021/02/26/the-f-111-was-the-f-35-of-its-day-but-its-failure-was-a-boon-to-us-air-power/
The Air Force finally is coming to terms with the failure of the monopolistic F-35 program--which for a whole decade was the service's only fighter-development effort--to produce a plane that's sufficiently affordable and reliable to replace roughly 1,000 aging F-16s as the Air Force's main fighter.

When a warplane monopoly shatters, it can seed a bunch of successful efforts to replace it. That's what happened in the 1960s with the F-111, which Grazier described as "the F-35 of its day."


... snip ...

note source cited in the above i've run into at Boyd conferences at Marine Corp Univ.
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2021/08/pogo-remembers-pierre-sprey-pentagon-provocateur-and-mentor/
A requirement of the job posting I had responded to two weeks earlier said the candidate must have "a working knowledge of 'military reform' as explained by John Boyd, Pierre Sprey, and Chuck Spinney." Like all Marine officers, I first heard the name of John Boyd at the Basic School. I later read Robert Coram's biography of Colonel Boyd and learned about how he struck fear in the hearts of generals and policymakers with his friends and collaborators, including Pierre Sprey. Fascinated by their antics, I spent a considerable amount of time studying all I could find about their work. I became an admirer.

... snip ...

Also I had got sucked into posting analysis critical of the F35 in military forums ... and getting blowback from its supporters ... they then switched from saying stealth to "low observable" ... and then something about I shouldn't be allowed to post what I was posting ... even tho the analysis all came from purely open/unclassified sources.

Boyd postings and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Downturn

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Downturn
Date: 28 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#84 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#88 IBM Downturn

I took a two semester hour intro to fortran/computers and then got a student programming job. Within a year of intro class, univ. hired me fulltime responsible for IBM mainframe system. Univ. shutdown datacenter from 8am sat until 8am monday and I had the whole place to myself for the weekend, although 48hrs w/o sleep could make monday morning class tough. Then before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services, consolidate all dataprocessing into an Independent Business Unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing Entities. I thought Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world, something like $200m-$300m in IBM mainframes, 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around the machine room. When I graduate, I join the IBM Cambridge Science Center (instead of staying at Boeing).

Boyd has story that he argued that electronics across the trail wouldn't work ... then possibly as punishment he is put in command of "spook base" (about the same time I'm at Boeing). "Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War"
https://www.amazon.com/Boyd-Fighter-Pilot-Who-Changed-ebook/dp/B000FA5UEG/
claims that "spook base" was $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (ten times Renton, all 60s dollars, 7-10 times that in today's dollars). spook base reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

The Mind of War: John Boyd and American Security
https://www.amazon.com/Mind-War-John-American-Security-ebook/dp/B006Q2GIDO/
loc305-7:
After his work on EM theory at Eglin, Boyd was assigned to the Pentagon to work on the Air Force's new fighter project called the F-X (Fighter Experimental). After reporting for duty, he was shown the current plans and projections for a 60,000-pound plus, swing-wing follow-on to the F-111 fighter-bomber and asked for his opinion.

loc308-9:
His reply? "Hell, I've never designed an airplane before, but I could f——up and still do better than this."

loc312-13:
The F-15 Eagle, the U.S. Air Force's premier fighter, was the result. Along the way, Boyd and his colleagues Pierre Sprey (a Department of Defense analyst) and fellow Air Force officer Rich Riccioni decided that the F-15 was too expensive and not agile enough.

loc1596-98:
The follow-on to the F-111, the F-X was presumed to be similar in design. That is, it would be a large, two-seat, two-engine, heavy (80,000 pounds gross weight), variable-sweep wing, multirole fighter-bomber. Just why that should be so was not really questioned.
... snip ...

Boyd postings and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some recent posts mentioning boeing computer services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#6 The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#64 WWII Pilot Barrel Rolls Boeing 707
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#46 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#39 iBM System/3 FORTRAN for engineering/science work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#6 IBM 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#78 The Long-Forgotten Flight That Sent Boeing Off Course
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#57 "Hollywood modeel" for dealing with engineers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#80 Amdahl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#54 Learning PDP-11 in 2021
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#62 Early Computer Use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#5 Availability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#78 Interactive Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#41 CADAM & Catia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#32 IBM TSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#29 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#10 "This Plane Was Designed By Clowns, Who Are Supervised By Monkeys"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#153 At Boeing, C.E.O.'s Stumbles Deepen a Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#151 OT: Boeing to temporarily halt manufacturing of 737 MAX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#60 IBM 360/67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#51 System/360 consoles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Empire of chickenhawks: Why America's chaotic departure from Afghanistan was actually perfect

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Empire of chickenhawks: Why America's chaotic departure from Afghanistan was actually perfect
Date: 29 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
Empire of chickenhawks: Why America's chaotic departure from Afghanistan was actually perfect
https://www.alternet.org/2021/09/afghanistan-exit/
The biggest fallacy about our exit from Afghanistan is that there was a "good" way for us to get out. There is no good way to lose a war. With defeat comes humiliation. We were humiliated in the way we pulled out of Kabul -- and we should have been, because we believed the lies we had been told right up to the last moment.
... snip ...

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

some specific posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#8 Donald Rumsfeld, The Controversial Architect Of The Iraq War, Has Died
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#28 Army Releases a Critical History of the War in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#89 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#82 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#9 Buying Victory: Money as a Weapon on the Battlefields of Today and Tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#96 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#81 What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#2 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#10 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#20 Military Contractors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#42 Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#40 Stop Believing in the Many Myths of the Iraq Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#86 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#102 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#81 The baby boomers' monumental quagmire in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#11 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#88 The Pentagon's Pricey Culture of Mediocrity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#50 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#33 The wars in Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan were lost before they began, not on the battlefields
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#78 New hard drive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#37 C.I.A. Is Said to Have Bought and Destroyed Iraqi Chemical Weapons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#48 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#36 The Designer Of The F-15 Explains Just How Stupid The F-35 Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#69 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#68 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#79 Army Modernization Is Melting Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#61 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#47 McCain: Send Petraeus back to Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#46 What Gates Didn't Get Done
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#10 Why the Death of the Tank Is Greatly Exaggerated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#48 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#10 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#60 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#52 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#79 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#5 Lessons Learned from the Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#38 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#30 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#86 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#49 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#54 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#64 Early use of the word "computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#8 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#2 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#21 The Age of Unsatisfying Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#28 Are mothers naturally better at OODA because they always have the Win in mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#25 We are are on the brink of historic decision [referring to defence cuts]

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

bootstrap, was What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: bootstrap, was What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 29 Sep 2021 17:16:47 -1000
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
Sounds like S/360. You set the device number of the IPL (initial program load) device in the switches and pressed the IPL button. That ran a fixed one instruction channel program pretending to be at location 0, that read 24 bytes into 0-23, then executed whatever was read into locaion 8, typically another read command to read a disk or tape block with real bootstrap, then started the computer by restoring the status word at location 0 which runs the bootstrap just read in to start up the computer.

old post to ibm-main & alt.folklore.computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#1
discussing 360 "3card loader" and BPS (card) loader ... also references "How to cread CDROM IPL Images" for use with hercules (mainframe emulator)
https://www.cbttape.org/~jjaeger/cdrom.html

following is from old assemble program ... it can bootstrap load the assembler program it is included in ... the "xxx"s originally were EBCDIC HEX


*********************************************************************** 00046000
•                                                                     * 00047000
•        TWO-CARD ABSOLUTE LOADER -- THE FOLLOWING ARE SELF-LOADING   * 00048000
•        IPL-ABLE CARDS THAT LOAD A CHANNEL PROGRAM WHICH FUNCTIONS   * 00049000
•        AS AN ABSOLUTE TXT CARD LOADER, EXECUTING AS A COMMAND CHAIN * 00050000
•        FROM THE INITIAL IPL READ.  IF PUNCHED BEFORE ANY ASSEMBLED  * 00051000
•        INSTRUCTIONS OR DATA, THE TEXT FILE THE ASSEMBLER PRODUCES   * 00052000
•        MAY BE CONVERTED INTO A SELF-LOADING DECK BY USING AN EDITOR * 00053000
•        TO DELETE ANY RECORDS PRECEDING THE TWO LOADER CARDS, WHICH  * 00054000
•        IMMEDIATELY PRECEDE THE FIRST TXT RECORD IN THE TEXT OUTPUT. * 00055000
•                                                                     * 00056000
•        NO CONSTANTS MAY BE ASSEMBLED IN THE ABSOLUTE ADDRESS RANGE  * 00057000
•        X'10' TO X'43', AS THEIR LOADING WOULD OVERWRITE THE LOADER  * 00058000
•        AND CAUSE IPL FAILURES.  THE LOADER OPERATION IS TERMINATED  * 00059000
•        BY LOADING AN ORDINARY NOP CCW AT LOCATION X'40'.  WHEN THE  * 00060000
•        ASSEMBLY BEGINS WITH A 'LABEL START 0' STATEMENT, THIS COULD * 00061000
•        BE ACCOMPLISHED BY INSERTING THE SEQUENCE:                   * 00062000
•                                                                     * 00063000
•                  ORG   LABEL+X'40'                                  * 00064000
•                  CCW   X'03',0,X'20',1                              * 00065000
•                                                                     * 00066000
•        FOLLOWING THE FINAL STATEMENT SPECIFYING ASSEMBLED OUTPUT TO * 00067000
•        BE LOADED.                                                   * 00068000
•                                                                     * 00069000
•                                                                     * 00071000
         PUNCH 'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxFIRST LOADABLE RECORD' CARD 1 * 00072000
         PUNCH 'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx' CARD 2 * 00073000
•                                                                     * 00074000
*********************************************************************** 00075000

recent post (to facebook) about early CP67, including discussion of (assemble output) BPS "TXT" deck loading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#61

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How IBM lost the cloud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How IBM lost the cloud
Date: 29 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
How IBM lost the cloud. Insiders say that marketing missteps and duplicated development processes meant IBM Cloud was doomed from the start, and eight years after it attempted to launch its own public cloud the future of its effort is in dire straits.
https://www.protocol.com/enterprise/ibm-lost-public-cloud

i.e. z196 seemed to have been the last where there were real live benchmark numbers ... since then things got a lot more obfuscated ... getting percents from previous machines. z196 documents have some statement that 1/3 to 1/2 of z10->z196 per processor performance improvement is introduction of memory latency compensating technology (that had been in other platforms for long time), out-of-order execution, branch prediction, etc


z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017
z15, 190 processors, 190BIPS* (1000MIPS/proc), Sep2019

• pubs say z15 1.25 times z14 (1.25*150BIPS or 190BIPS)

Z196 max config @$30M, benchmark at 50BIPS (#iterations compared to 158-3), same time frame large cloud operations commodity was e5-2600 benchmarked 500BIPS (same 158-3 benchmark #iterations) ... before IBM sold off server business and IBM had base list price of $1815 ... z196 $600,000/BIPS, e5-2600 $3.60/BIPS

... large cloud operations have said for at least decade that they assemble their own servers for 1/3rd cost of brand name servers ($1/BIPS ... compared to Z196 $600,000/BIPS) ... IBM sold off its server business about time press was quoting major server chip vendors were shipping half their product directly to the large cloud operations

... aka standard cloud rack mount server blade continue to have at least 10 times the processing of max. configured mainframe at less than .00002% the cost/BIPS ... and large cloud operation will have a dozen or more large cloud megadatacenters around the world, each with more than half million of these blade servers (megadatacenters have so drastically reduced server costs, that power&cooling have increasingly become major factor). A large cloud datacenter with more than half million systems (say equivalent of 5million max configured mainframes) are operated by 80-120 people ... say 14,000 systems/person.

megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

IBM Downturn posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#89 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#88 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#84 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#83 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#82 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#81 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#80 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#79 IBM Downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#79 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#77 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#76 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#75 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How IBM lost the cloud

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How IBM lost the cloud
Date: 29 Sep 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#92 How IBM lost the cloud

Now Google is bringing Intel's Ice Lake Xeon processors to its cloud. Google Cloud will have a preview of N2 VMs available with Intel's 3rd gen Ice Lake Xeon Scalable CPUs ready by Q4 2021.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/now-google-is-bringing-intels-ice-lake-xeon-processors-to-its-cloud/

... one of the increasing issues for cloud is not just the cost/BIPS (now price/TIPS, aka price/1000BIPS) but also power/TIPS & cooling/TIPS (with drastic cost reduction in systems, power&cooling have increasingly become major cost). Also with enormous provisioning for "on-demand", power&cooling must go to zero while idle, but are instantly on when needed. One of latest cloud fads/crazes is for ARM chips which are highly optimized for power efficiency.

Intel 3rd Gen Xeon Scalable (Ice Lake SP) Review: Generationally Big, Competitively Small
https://www.anandtech.com/show/16594/intel-3rd-gen-xeon-scalable-review
AMD/Intel competition for cloud market
https://www.nextplatform.com/2021/07/29/amd-3rd-gen-epyc-cpus-put-intel-xeon-sps-on-ice-in-the-datacenter/
AMD Finally Breaks The 10 Percent Server Share Barrier
https://www.nextplatform.com/2021/05/11/amd-finally-breaks-the-10-percent-server-share-barrier/

megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#megadatacenter

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

bootstrap, was What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: bootstrap, was What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 30 Sep 2021 09:16:00 -1000
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
I think that was characteristic of OS/VS.

DOS and DOS/VS managed a minute or 2.

The IBM 1401 booted just about the same as the other machines mentioned. Clear 1-80, read a card into 1-80, branch to 1.

Unlike the S/360, I don't remember any way to make a 1401 boot from other media.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#91 bootstrap, was What is the oldest computer that could be used today for real work?

CP/67 and VM/370 came up in several seconds. Early on CP/67 (that carried over to VM/370) for being up 7/24 dark room with no operator. There was even special handling for system crash, automatically take dump core image ... and automagically re-ipl and be back up and running.

Also back to days when all IBM mainframes were rented and charges based on "system meter" reading that ran whenever the CPU and/or any channel was running ... CP/67 developed special channel programs that let channel go idle but would immediately wake-up for any characters arriving on a line ... to reduce offshift, light load costs (and help encourage leaving system up and available 7x24, also goes for running w/o an operator/human present).

All activity had to be idle for 400ms before "system meter" would actually stop running. Note: long after IBM had switched mainframes from lease/rent to sales ... MVS (VS/2) still had a timer task that woke up every 400ms (to guarantee that system meter never stopped)

past posts menting system meter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#16 IBM Zcloud - is it just outsourcing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#62 remote system support (i.e. the data center is 2 states away from you)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#77 Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#18 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#16 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#42 Oh hum, it's the 60s and 70's all over again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#27 Indirect Bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#19 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#101 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SUSE Reviving Usenet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: SUSE Reviving Usenet
Newsgroups: sci.crypt, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 30 Sep 2021 14:45:32 -1000
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
I'd have to guess, I think it was 79. I was at Bell Labs.

So, 42 years. I'm old but not old enough.


not usenet, started with vmshare (predating usenet), TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
started offering its (VM370) CMS-based online computer conferencing free to IBM user group SHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SHARE_(computing)
in Aug1976 as VMSHARE ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I had deal with TYMSHARE to get monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE (and later PCSHARE) files for putting up on IBM internal systems and network ... most difficult time was with IBM lawyers who were concerned that internal employees would be contaminated with customer information.

Late 70s and early 80s, I was then blamed for online computer communication on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid/late 80s) ... folklore is that when corporate executive committe was told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me. from IBM Jargon
http://www.comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were [are] developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

although there were only about 300 active, claim was there were possibly 25,000 reading, activity had really taken off after I distributed a trip report about a visit to Jim Gray at Tandem. Summer of 1981, printed about 300 pages ... prefixed with an executive summary and summary of the summary, packaged in Tandem 3-ring binders and sent one to each executive committee member.

Later after leaving IBM in the early 90s, pagesat gave me a full usenet sat. feed in return for writing SGI+AIX (unix) & MS/DOS sat. modem drivers and a article for boardwatch magazine. I also had it up on 486 ms/dos machine with waffle.

online computer conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

other recent posts referencing VMSHARE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#77 IBM ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#75 IBM ITPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#68 TYMSHARE, VMSHARE, and Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#47 Dynamic Adaptive Resource Management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#1 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#90 Was E-mail a Mistake? The mathematics of distributed systems suggests that meetings might be better
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#45 Cloud computing's destiny
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#27 IBM Fan-fold cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#20 1401 MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#55 SHARE (& GUIDE)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#30 Departure Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#8 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#42 IBM Powerpoint sales presentations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#12 Z/VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#5 Z/VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#84 1977: Zork
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#81 The Golden Age of computer user groups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021b.html#69 Fumble Finger Distribution list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#85 IBM Auditors and Games
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#72 Airline Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#25 IBM Acronyms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#14 Unbundling and Kernel Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#28 50 years online at home

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When the New York Times Colludes With the Billionaire Class

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: When the New York Times Colludes With the Billionaire Class
Date: 01 Oct 2021
Blog: Facebook
When the New York Times Colludes With the Billionaire Class. The ultra-rich have a myriad of mind-boggling ways of getting away with not paying taxes that the rest of us have to.
https://www.commondreams.org/views/2021/09/30/when-new-york-times-colludes-billionaire-class
According to a White House analysis (9/23/21), the country's 400 wealthiest families have an effective tax rate of just over 8%. At the New York Times (9/23/21), reporter Jim Tankersley was quick to cast doubt on the figure.
... snip ...

When the New York Times Colludes With the Billionaire Class
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2021/10/when-the-new-york-times-colludes-with-the-billionaire-class.html

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax loopholes, tax havens, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The End of World Bank's "Doing Business Report": A Landmark Victory for People & Planet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The End of World Bank's "Doing Business Report": A Landmark Victory for People & Planet
Date: 01 Oct 2021
Blog: Facebook
The End of World Bank's "Doing Business Report": A Landmark Victory for People & Planet
http://www.ipsnews.net/2021/09/end-world-banks-business-report-landmark-victory-people-planet/fixraw
Notably, the independent report exposed how then-Bank CEO (and current IMF Managing Director) Kristalina Georgieva applied "pressure" to "make specific changes to China's data points in an effort to increase its ranking for the 2018 DBR," at a time the country was expected to increase its financial contribution to the Bank's capital. Then-World Bank President Dr. Jim Yong Kim was also indirectly implicated in the effort to increase China's ranking.

Simeon Jankov, one of the founders of the DBR and a senior Bank official was also incriminated in altering Saudi Arabia's data to boost the country's ranking, in an effort to reward the country for the "important role it played in the Bank community."

Saudi Arabia had previously implemented a series of Reimbursable Advisory Services (RAS) projects - paid advisory services provided by the Bank, some of which focus on improving economic indicators scored on the DBR. Elevating Saudi Arabia to first place in the Top Improvers list was done to "demonstrate the effectiveness of the Bank's efforts and validate the amount of money Saudi Arabia had spent on RAS projects relating to the Doing Business Report."

... snip ...

World Bank Ends Doing Business Report in a Landmark Victory
https://www.oaklandinstitute.org/world-bank-ends-doing-business-report
World Bank Cancels Flagship 'Doing Business' Report After Investigation
https://www.wsj.com/articles/world-bank-cancels-flagship-doing-business-report-after-investigation-11631811663
World Bank revises China GDP forecast upward
http://global.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202109/29/WS6153de39a310cdd39bc6c58b.html

World Bank Grapples With Study Linking Foreign Aid to Corruption
https://www.occrp.org/en/daily/11665-world-bank-grapples-with-study-linking-foreign-aid-to-corruption
How World Bank Arbitrators Mugged Pakistan. Thanks to the World Bank's flawed and corrupt investment arbitration process, the rich are making a fortune at the expense of poor countries. The latest shakedown is a $5.9 billion award against Pakistan's government in favor of two global mining companies for an illegal project that was never approved or carried out.
https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/world-bank-corrupt-arbitration-ruling-against-pakistan-by-jeffrey-d-sachs-2019-11
Rondonization: World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
https://www.brasilwire.com/rondonization-world-bank-dictatorship-and-the-amazon/

... of course, then there is "Economic Hit Man"

Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
Five Examples of How Economic Hit Men Still Operate Globally Today
https://www.bkconnection.com/bkblog/jeevan-sivasubramaniam/five-examples-of-how-economic-hit-men-still-operate-globally-today
More Confessions of an Economic Hit Man: This Time, They're Coming for Your Democracy
https://www.yesmagazine.org/economy/2016/03/18/more-confessions-of-an-economic-hit-man-this-time-theyre-coming-for-your-democracy
"Resource Curse" is one of the things attracting EHM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resource_curse
New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
pg89/loc1598-1601:
I knew what none of them could possibly know, that the corporatocracy, its band of EHMs, and the jackals waiting in the background would never allow the little guys to gain control. I only had to draw upon the examples of Arbenz and Mossadegh--and more recently, upon the 1973 CIA overthrow of Chile's democratically elected president, Salvador Allende. In fact, I understood that the stranglehold of global empire was growing stronger, despite OPEC--or, as I suspected at the time but did not confirm until later, with OPEC's help.
... snip ...

Why Capitalism Is in Constant Conflict With Democracy
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2020/08/why-capitalism-is-in-constant-conflict-with-democracy.html
False Profits: Reviving the Corporation's Public Purpose
https://www.uclalawreview.org/false-profits-reviving-the-corporations-public-purpose/
The pitchforks are coming if we don't reform capitalism, says Davos founder
https://www.fastcompany.com/90553471/the-pitchforks-are-coming-if-we-dont-reform-capitalism-says-davos-founder
With Deutsche Bank's help, an oligarch's buying spree trails ruin across the US heartland. Secret transactions, lost jobs, worker injuries, gutted buildings, unpaid bills: Ihor Kolomoisky's untold American legacy.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/fincen-files/with-deutsche-banks-help-an-oligarchs-buying-spree-trails-ruin-across-the-us-heartland/
FinCEN Files: Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren join watchdog groups in calling for banking reforms. The senators want tougher consequences for banks and their executives who move money linked to crime and corruption.
https://www.icij.org/investigations/fincen-files/fincen-files-bernie-sanders-and-elizabeth-warren-join-watchdog-groups-in-calling-for-banking-reforms/
3-Count Felon, JPMorgan Chase, Caught Laundering More Dirty Money
https://www.counterpunch.org/2020/09/22/3-count-felon-jpmorgan-chase-caught-laundering-more-dirty-money/
Capitalism Can't Be Repaired, Coronavirus Shows Its Huge Weaknesses
https://www.counterpunch.org/2020/04/27/capitalism-cant-be-repaired-coronavirus-shows-its-huge-weaknesses/

capitalism posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#capitalism
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

some recent "economic hit man" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021h.html#29 More than a Decade After the Volcker Rule Purported to Outlaw It, JPMorgan Chase Still Owns a Hedge Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#34 Obama Was Always in Wall Street's Corner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#26 Why We Need to Democratize Wealth: the U.S. Capitalist Model Breeds Selfishness and Resentment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#97 How capitalism is reshaping cities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021e.html#71 Bill Black: The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One (Part 1/9)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021d.html#75 The "Innocence" of Early Capitalism is Another Fantastical Myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#106 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#92 OT, "new" Heinlein book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#38 World Bank, Dictatorship and the Amazon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#18 Before the First Shots Are Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#79 Bretton Woods Institutions: Enforcers, Not Saviours?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#54 Global Warming and U.S. National Security Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#52 The global economy is broken, it must work for people, not vice versa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#40 When Dead Companies Don't Die - Welcome To The Fat, Slow World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#36 Is America A Christian Nation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#17 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Koch Empire Goes All Out to Sink Joe Biden's Agenda -- and His Presidency, Too

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Koch Empire Goes All Out to Sink Joe Biden's Agenda -- and His Presidency, Too.
Date: 01 Oct 2021
Blog: Facebook
The Koch Empire Goes All Out to Sink Joe Biden's Agenda -- and His Presidency, Too. The dark-money network is spending tens of millions to undermine Democrats' effort to protect the climate and shore up the social safety net
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/climate-koch-brothers-lobbying-biden-build-back-better-1234815/

Independent Women's Forum, backed by Koch funding, circulates draft letter opposing school mask mandates
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2021/10/01/masks-schools-koch-money/
Koch Money Aims to Sink Build Back Better Bill on Climate, Welfare
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/climate-koch-brothers-lobbying-biden-build-back-better-1234815/
Freedom of Speech According to the Gospel of Koch
https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/08/18/freedom-of-speech-according-to-the-gospel-of-koch/
Inside the Koch-Backed Effort to Block the Largest Election-Reform Bill in Half a Century
https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/inside-the-koch-backed-effort-to-block-the-largest-election-reform-bill-in-half-a-century

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

recent posts mentioning Koch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021g.html#40 Why do people hate universal health care? It turns out -- they don't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021f.html#13 Elizabeth Warren hammers JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon on pandemic overdraft fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#77 Meet the "New Koch Brothers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021c.html#51 In Biden's recovery plan, an overdue rebuke of trickle-down economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#27 We must stop calling Trump's enablers 'conservative.' They are the radical right
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021.html#20 Trickle Down Economics Started it All
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#5 Book: Kochland : the secret history of Koch Industries and corporate power in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#4 Bots Are Destroying Political Discourse As We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2020.html#3 Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019e.html#134 12 EU states reject move to expose companies' tax avoidance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#116 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#103 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#97 David Koch Was the Ultimate Climate Change Denier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#64 How the Supreme Court Is Rebranding Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019c.html#47 Day of Reckoning for KPMG-Failures in Ethics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#11 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#102 Can we learn from financial lessons of 90 years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#64 Mystery of the Underpaid American Worker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#77 Nassim Nicholas Taleb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#11 Hell is ... ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#91 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#84 The Warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#13 What the Enron E-mails Say About Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#6 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#32 Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#31 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#110 The Koch-Fueled Plot to Destroy the VA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SUSE Reviving Usenet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: SUSE Reviving Usenet
Newsgroups: sci.crypt, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 02 Oct 2021 07:53:12 -1000
Michael Trew <michael.trew@att.net> writes:
I'm quite curious who the oldest poster is on this newsgroup.. I don't mean age, but who's been here the longest.

archived usenet posts (including a.f.c.) from 1993
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html

after leaving IBM and getting full (satellite) usenet feed from pagesat
http://www.art.net/lile/pagesat/netnews.html
in return for doing satellite modem drivers and writing boardwatch (BBS) magazine article.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boardwatch

before that, vmshare back to aug1976 ... previous post:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#95 SUsE Reviving Usenet

and IBM internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about beginning until sometime mid/late 80s).

ibm internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Lost Opportunities

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Lost Opportunities
Date: 02 Oct 2021
Blog: Facebook
Early 80s, IBM San Jose disk division had internal server project called DataHub. They hired a group in Provo, Utah to do some of the code implementation and somebody from San Jose was commuting to Provo almost every week. Somewhere along the way, corporate directed SJ to abort the DataHub project (the communication group in battle with distributed computing and client/server, trying preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base). The group in Provo was allowed to keep the code they had already done and shortly later a new company appeared in Provo ... name started with "N".

triva: during Future System, 370 efforts were being shutdown (370 to be replaced by FS) ... then when FS implodes there is mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines ... and part of that, most of the adtech (advanced technology) groups were being thrown into the development breach. I held adtech conference spring of 1982 (possibly 1st since the demise of adtech groups since FS implodes). Old post with part of the conferencee agenda ... including by one of the DataHub people that I had been working with
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a John Hartmann's Birthday Party

above also mentions that the Stanford SUN group had approached the IBM Palo Alto Science Center about IBM producing the SUN workstation ... when that was rebuffed, they start their own company.

One of the things I learned sponsoring conferences in bldg28/SJR auditorium ... was inhabitants of the bldg would steal conference break refreshments ... unless you stationed a "cookie guard" to fight them off ("CONFERENCE ATTENDEES ONLY" signs weren't sufficient).

Future System Posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Other past posts mentioning Provo, Ut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#102 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#128 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#39 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#21 The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#27 Ethernet at 40: Its daddy reveals its turbulent youth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#4 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#14 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#18 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#59 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#3 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#23 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#15 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#58 When did "client server" become part of the language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#68 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#36 Making tea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#8 MAINFRAME Training with IBM Certification and JOB GUARANTEE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#53 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#86 The Unexpected Fact about the First Computer Programmer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#21 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#49 How difficult would it be for a SYSPROG ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#19 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#17 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#31 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#39 sorting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#39 Token-ring vs Ethernet - 10 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#36 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#9 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#16 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#27 difference between itanium and alpha
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#33 Over-the-shoulder effect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#79 Coulda, Woulda, Shoudda moments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#24 Alpha vs. Itanic: facts vs. FUD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#42 IBM was/is: Imitation...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#40 No more innovation? Get serious

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Lost Opportunities

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Lost Opportunities
Date: 02 Oct 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#100 IBM Lost Opportunities

trivia: CP67/CMS was precursor to personal computing; before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was Seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before Seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before developing cp/m, kildall worked on (ibm science center virtual machines) cp/67-cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Lost Opportunities

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Lost Opportunities
Date: 02 Oct 2021
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#100 IBM Lost Opportunities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2021i.html#101 IBM Lost Opportunities

One of the grad students from UCB (RDBMS) Ingres becomes CTO at Britton-Lee that is doing RDBMS support out in clone IBM disk controller (Lee had been part of the great departure from IBM San Jose in the 60s), major gov. CP67 customer back to the 60s was big Britton-Lee customer. The CTO leaves Britton-Lee for Teradata and both Britton and Lee are having lots of recruiting meetings across the street from San Jose Research and hires away one of the people from SJR (and tried hard to get me also). The former Britton-Lee CTO then leaves Teradata to found Sybase. ... maybe not DS8000, but Server/8000 in 1989
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Britton_Lee,_Inc.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sybase
Sybase is then licensed to Microsoft for SQL Server

SJR developed original sql/relational (system/r) on vm370 running on 370/145. With the corporation all preoccupied with the next new DBMS "EAGLE", was able to do tech transfer to Endicott for SQL/DS. When "EAGLE" implodes, there is a request for how fast could System/R be ported to MVS ... which is eventually released as DB2 ... originally for decision/support *ONLY*. Lots of historic discussion in the System/R reunion
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/

system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

trivia: The last product we did at IBM was HA/CMP, it originally started out as HA/6000 for NYTimes to enable them porting their newspaper system (ATEX) from VAX/Cluster to IBM. When I started doing technical/scientific cluster scaleup with national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors, I renamed it HA/CMP. I was asked me to do a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document ... however it got pulled when both POK (mainframe) and Rochester (AS/400) complained that they couldn't meet the objectives. Old reference to Jan1992 meeting on commercial cluster scaleup in (Oracle CEO) conference room (16-way by mid-1992, 128-way by ye1992).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Within a few weeks of the Oracle meeting, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM Supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later. One of the things we were told was that the MVS DB2 group had complained that if we were allowed to continue what we were doing, it would be "at least" five years ahead of what they were doing. Other triva: one of the Oracle executives in the meeting would claim that when he was at IBM STL, he did most of the tech transfer to STL for DB2.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
availability posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970





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