List of Archived Posts

2018 Newsgroup Postings (07/01 - )

Service Bureau Corporation
Service Bureau Corporation
Frank Heart Dies at 89
Firm that Audits the Fed's Financial Statements Hit with $625 Million in Damages for Negligence in Bank-Fraud Case Brought by the FDIC
Ron Paul On 'The Dollar Dilemma': Where To From Here?
Computers, anyone?
The Pentagon Is Building a Dream Team of Tech-Savvy Soldiers
The History of Junk Bonds and Leveraged Buyouts
Rash of Fortnite cheaters infected by malware that breaks HTTPS encryption
Buying Victory: Money as a Weapon on the Battlefields of Today and Tomorrow
Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now
OT: Trump
Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now
Computers, anyone?
On The Deficit, GOP Has Been Playing Us All For Suckers
Frank Heart Dies at 89
America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
Pentagon to outsource all strategy to Booz Allen Hamilton (warning satire?)
Online Computer Conferencing
America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
Harvard Professors Expose 'The Real Problem With Stock Buybacks'
Why You Should Trust Your Gut, According to the University of Cambridge
SEC Knifes Its Whistleblower Program
Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain
These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
Suggestion Awards
12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation
old grudges, Computers, anyone?
oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
OT: Trump
OT: Trump
The history of the MONITOR tops-10)
oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?

Service Bureau Corporation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Service Bureau Corporation
Date: 01 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

Service Bureau Corporation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Service_Bureau_Corporation

In 1973, as a result of another lawsuit over the fear, uncertainty and
doubt (FUD) created by IBM's pre-announcement of a nonexistent
System/360 Model 92, IBM sold SBC for $16 million to Control Data
Corporation,[2] which had a small service bureau business of its own.

... snip ...

a slightly different
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Control_Data_Corporation

In the meantime, IBM announced a new System/360 model, the Model 92,
which would be just as fast as CDC's 6600. Although this machine did
not exist, sales of the 6600 dropped drastically while people waited
for the release of the mythical Model 92. Norris did not take this
tactic, dubbed as fear, uncertainty and doubt (FUD), lying down, and
in an extensive antitrust lawsuit launched against IBM a year later,
he eventually won a settlement valued at $80 million.[19] As part of
the settlement, he picked up IBM's subsidiary, Service Bureau
Corporation (SBC), which ran computer processing for other
corporations on its own computers. SBC fitted nicely into CDC's
existing service bureau offerings.[20]

... snip ...

the article also wanders off into:

After the delivery of the 6600 IBM took notice of this new company. In
1965 IBM started an effort to build a machine that would be faster
than the 6600, the ACS-1. Two hundred people were gathered together on
the U.S. West Coast to work on the project, away from corporate
prodding, in an attempt to mirror Cray's off-site lab. The project
produced interesting computer architecture and technology, but it was
not compatible with IBM's hugely successful System/360 line of
computers. The engineers were directed to make it 360-compatible, but
that compromised its performance. The ACS was canceled in 1969,
without ever being produced for customers. Many of the engineers left
the company, leading to a brain-drain in IBM's high-performance
departments.

... snip ...

this has a completely different view of canceling ACS-360
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

... that IBM executives were afraid that it would advance the state of
the art too fast and IBM would loose control of the market. At the
bottom, it has ACS-360 features that show up in ES/9000 more than
20yrs later.

recent posts mentioning ACS-360 and ACS-END
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#80 BYTE Magazine Pentomino Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#27 Software Delivery on Tape to be Discontinued
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#29 Software Delivery on Tape to be Discontinued
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#22 The Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#42 Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Service Bureau Corporation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Service Bureau Corporation
Date: 01 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#0 Service Bureau Corporation

In 1985, Bert Moldow was instructor in communications at IBM's SRI
(downtown manhatten) and con'ed me in to giving an all day seminar on
our high speed data transport project ... from long ago and far away
...


Date: 85/01/17 16:25:47
To: WHEELER

Lynn,

If you recall the last time I was out in San Jose I mentioned that I
would like you to give the pitch on "High Speed Data Transport" to my
up and coming class on Survey of Computer Networks. We can cover
travel and will arrange for a hotel for you. Would you be available
Feb. 7 or 12? I currently have other dates but would like to have this
early in the course. Bert Moldow (SRI)

... snip ... top of post, old email index

I got the redeye from SFO to Kennedy, spent all day talking at SRI and
was back on the west coast less than 24hrs after I had left. Before
that in the late 70s and early 80s, I got blamed for online computer
conferencing on the internal network (folklore is that when the
corporate executive committee was told about online computer
communication and the internal network, 5of6 wanted to fire me).

other trivia, early 70s, my wife worked on gov. contracts; PLI
cross-compiler for Litton computers and for BBN, SIGMA5/SIGMA7
lashup. BBN then asked her to go to Cambridge to interview for the
IMP/ARPANET group, but she didn't want to leave DC area. She
eventually joined IBM gburg in 1973 on Future System project, working
for Les Comeau (who had been involved in the original virtual
machine implementations at the cambridge science center). As FS
imploded she co-authered AWP39, "peer-to-peer" networking architecture
white paper with Bert. This was about the time the communication group
was working on SNA (AWP39 had to qualify with "peer-to-peer" ... since
communication group had co-opted "network" for something that wasn't a
system, wasn't a network, and wasn't an architecture).

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

AWP39 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#38 RS/6000 in Sysplex Environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#31 IBM 3705 and UC.5
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#8 EBCDIC to 6-bit and back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#15 DUMP Datasets and SMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#17 DUMP Datasets and SMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#27 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#23 Channel Distances
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#52 Need Help defining an AS400 with an IP address to the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#31 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#9 Arpa address
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#21 Sending CONSOLE/SYSLOG To Off-Mainframe Server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#4 Google Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#45 Mainframe Linux Mythbusting (Was: Using Java in batch on z/OS?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#62 Greatest Software, System R
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#4 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#9 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#36 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#28 Assembler question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#55 What's a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#9 Mainframe vs. "Server" (Was Just another example of mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#48 6400 impact printer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#55 Is computer history taugh now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#35 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#39 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#62 Friday musings on the future of 3270 applications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#72 FICON tape drive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#12 JES2 or JES3, Which one is older?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#23 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#46 Are there tasks that don't play by WLM's rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#10 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#53 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#71 Interesting ibm about the myths of the Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#73 Convergent Technologies vs Sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#97 We're losing the battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#56 When did "client server" become part of the language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#26 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#3 VTAM security issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#7 VTAM security issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#83 Small Server Mob Advantage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#62 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#5 What is a Server?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#29 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#73 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#26 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#6 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#2 Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#17 Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#23 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#41 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#24 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#52 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#44 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#19 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#99 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#15 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#25 Microsoft Open Sources .NET, Saying It Will Run on Linux and Mac
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#99 Systems thinking--still in short supply
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#48 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#124 Early Networking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#55 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#29 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#62 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#13 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Frank Heart Dies at 89

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Frank Heart Dies at 89
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 12:56:21 -0700

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

other drift, early 70s, my wife worked for BBN on gov. contracts;
SIGMA5/SIGMA7 lashup, PLI cross-compiler for Litton computers. They then
asked her to go to Cambridge to inteview for the IMP/ARPANET group, but
she didn't want to leave DC area. She eventually left and joined IBM
gburg in 1973 on Future System project, working for Les Comeau (who had
been involved in the original virtual machine implementations at the
cambridge science center).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#108 Frank Heart Dies at 89

more trivia: when FS blew up ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

my wife co-authored AWP39 (architecture white paper) "peer-to-peer
networking" with Bert Moldow. They had to qualify it with "peer-to-peer"
because the communication group had co-oped "networking" for SNA (we
joke that it wasn't a system, it wasn't a network and it wasn't an
architecture, it was terminal control infrastrcuture).

she was also one of the "ASP" catchers in the IBM gburg group for
turning into JES3 and co-author of "JESUS" (JES unified systems) ... all
the features of JES2 & JES3 that the respective customers could live w/o
... for various reasons never came to fruition. all sorts of past
HASP, JES, NJI/NJE, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

she then gets con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of
loosely-coupled (mainframe for cluster) architecture where she did
peer-coupled shared data architecture. She didn't remain very long, in
part because 1) constant battles with communication group trying to
force her to use SNA for loosely-coupled operation and 2) little uptake
... except for IMS hot-standby, until SYSPLEX and Parallel SYSPLEX.

IMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Information_Management_System
recent availability
https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/community/blogs/RohitShetty/entry/high_availability_cold_warm_hot?lang=en
parallel sysplex
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Parallel_Sysplex

mid-80s, IMS hot-standby could be up and operational almost immediately
... but it had communication group problem. The stand-by VTAM then had
to recreate all the terminal sessions ... establishing sessions in VTAM
was enormously heavy-weight process ... and for large operations (say a
few tens of thousands of ATM machines) it could take over 90mins.

I was roped into working with a baby bell that had built a NCP/VTAM
emulator on series/1 with a whole bunch of additional features. It ran
real networking between series/1s ... but emulated 37x5/NCP to host VTAM
and spoofed cross-domain ownership of resources (terminals).  Among
other things, it could fake shadow sessions to stand-by machine
... which would make "real" IMS hot-standby almost immediate.

We were working on turning it out as an IBM "TYPE-1" product on Series/1
with follow-on plans to port it to the (unannounced) RS/6000. We had
done everything we thought possible to brickwall off attempts by the
communication group to kill the effort ... what the communication group
did next to kill it can only be described as truth is stanger than
fiction.

a couple old posts about Series1 NCP/VTAM (PU4/PU5)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67 System/1 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70 Series/1 as NCP (was: Re: System/1 ?)

peer-coupled shared data posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Firm that Audits the Fed's Financial Statements Hit with $625 Million in Damages for Negligence in Bank-Fraud Case Brought by the FDIC

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Firm that Audits the Fed's Financial Statements Hit with $625 Million in Damages for Negligence in Bank-Fraud Case Brought by the FDIC
Date: 02 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

Firm that Audits the Fed's Financial Statements Hit with $625 Million
in Damages for Negligence in Bank-Fraud Case Brought by the FDIC
https://wolfstreet.com/2018/07/02/pwc-audits-federal-reserve-financial-statements-slammed-with-625-million-damages-for-negligence-in-detecting-bank-fraud-brought-by-fdic/

Today's ruling was about the amount of the award. In December, Judge
Rothstein had already ruled that PwC had negligently failed to design
and perform the audits, based on PwC's own admissions, to detect the
$2.3-billion fraud scheme between Colonial and Taylor Bean. It was the
first time that a federal district judge ruled that an audit firm was
liable for failing to detect a fraud under the Sarbanes-Oxley act.

... snip ...

Rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would
prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did
jail time, but it required SEC to do something, Possibly because even
GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of
fraudulent financial filings, even showing increase after SOX goes
into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarbanes%E2%80%93Oxley_Act

There were jokes at the time that SOX was really just an enormous gift
to the audit industry, with significant increased audit requirements
along with significant increased audit fees (and nothing else would
actually change).

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
Financial Reporting Fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ron Paul On 'The Dollar Dilemma': Where To From Here?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ron Paul On 'The Dollar Dilemma': Where To From Here?
Date: 02 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

Ron Paul On 'The Dollar Dilemma': Where To From Here?
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-06-23/ron-paul-dollar-dilemma-where-here

The current financial chaos brought back the debate over the exact
role gold should play in the international monetary system. There are
many signs that various governments are considering using gold as an
alternative to the fiat dollar. China for the past three years has
been a net seller of dollar denominated assets and a major importer of
gold. It is making an effort to popularize a gold Yuan to be used in
place of the dollar in international oil transactions. China may well
have more clout in this endeavor than is generally realized. Other
countries like Russia, India and Brazil are cheering the Chinese on
and are net purchasers of gold. The US, picking a fight in a senseless
trade war with China, only adds to that country's resolve to stand up
to our domineering attitude.

... snip ...

old article, The sorry tale of the US Dollar's long downwards spiral
-- how did this happen?
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001062.html

Fiat money
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiat_money

Dealing with Federal Reserve people in financial standards meetings,
they would be very specific that they weren't an institution of the US
government (i.e. association of the wallstreet banks).

Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to
1920
http://archive.org/details/triumphantpluto00pettrich
loc754-62:

In 1872, the ring of bankers in New York sent the following circular
to every bank in the United States: "Dear Sir: It is advisable to do
all in your power to sustain such prominent daily and weekly
newspapers, especially the agricultural and religious press, as will
oppose the issuing of greenback paper money, and that you also
withhold patronage or favors from all applicants who are not willing
to oppose the Government issue of money. Let the Government issue the
coin and the banks issue the paper money of the country, for then we
can better protect each other. To repeal the law creating National
Bank notes, or to restore to circulation the Government issue of
money, will be to provide the people with money, and will therefore
seriously affect your individual profit as bankers and lenders. See
your Congressman at once, and engage him to support our interests that
we may control legislation."

... snip ...

something similar, the original rhetoric on the floor of congress that
the primary purpose of GLBA (now better known for the repeal of
Glass-Steagall) was that if you already had a banking charter,
you got to keep it, but if you don't have one, you won't be able to
get one; aka preventing new banking competition (specifically calling
out WalMart and Microsoft).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gramm%E2%80%93Leach%E2%80%93Bliley_Act

Early part of century WalMart said it would get a Utah ILC (which were
grandfathered to bank nationally) for its own credit card merchant
bank (eliminating have to pay merchant bank interchange fees).
Wallstreet campaigned with the community banking association to have
all its members lobby congress to pass legislation blocking WalMart
from acquiring Utah ILC (otherwise all community banks would be
affected). In actuality, it would just affect WalMart's wallstreet
merchant Too Big To Fail.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_loan_company

From the law of unintended consequences ... SECTREAS convinced
congress to pass TARP to purchase off-book toxic assets (TBTF
bailout). However, just the four largest TBTF were carrying
$5.2T off-book toxic assets YE2008 and only $700B had been
appropriated for TARP. TARP was then used for other things and it was
left to the Federal Reserve to do the bailout. The Federal Reserve
bought trillions in toxic assets and provided tehns of trillions
in ZIRP funds. For this the Federal Reserve was restricted to
just helping those with banking charters, and some of their best
friends didn't have one. The Federal Reserve freely gave them banking
charters ... which theoritically would have been in violation of GLBA.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate_policy

The claim is that TBTF have been making $300B/yr
off ZIRP funds, but it required the Federal government have
huge trillions in debt. 2002 Cognress let Fiscal Responsibility Act
expire, required spending couldn't exceed tax revenue, on its way to
eliminating all federal debt. 2010 CBO report was that 2003-2009,
federal revenue was cut by $6T and spending increased for $6T for $12T
gap compared to fiscal responsibility budget (first time taxes were
cut to not pay for two wars). The TBTF no longer needed to
attract deposits for funds to loan (making money off the spread on
deposit interest and loan interest), ZIRP provided all the
money they needed ... as a result, TBTF no longer needed to pay
competitive deposit interests.

Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke the World
http://www.amazon.com/Lords-Finance-Bankers-Broke-ebook/dp/B001QIGZEK

It somewhat discusses end of 1800s up through start of start of WW2 to
provide setting for the Great Depression. It references gold standard
put a cap on central banks arbitrarily printing money ... and worked
well from end of 1800s up through part of WW1 ... because the
production of new gold approximately kept pace with the expansion of
world economy. However, it pointed out that was somewhat a fortunate
coincidence.

US went into WW1 with something like half the gold reserves of
England. England lost about half its gold reserves with the spending
on WW1 and US came out of WW1 with at least five times the gold
reserves (because of all European purchases and loans). As a result
there was enormous mismatch.

(triple-A rated) toxic (assets) CDOs posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
too big to fail ("too big to prosecute", "too big to jail")
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too.big.to.fail
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computers, anyone?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Computers, anyone?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 03 Jul 2018 10:55:56 -0700

mausg writes:

It is?.. AFAIK, the first 4 numbers of a credit card identify the
bank, so I used to hve problems in the UK wth CCs, the suspicious
people the other end would say, Thats not an Ulster bank card, it a
Natwest one, and refuse it.

longer list
https://www.bindb.com/bin-list.html

note, other drift, interchange fee charged merchants is made up of
charges for the "issuing bank" (credit card), "merchant bank" (for
merchant that accepts card) and "network" (where the "issuing bank" and
"merchant bank" are different and need the network to transmit the
transaction between merchant and issuing). "On-us" transactions don't
have the "network" fee (where the "issuing bank" and the "merchant bank"
are the same).

this is motivation for "co-branded" card ... with merchant name also on
the card ... use "co-branded" card at the associated merchant reduces
the cost for the merchant (since they will be "on-us" transaction).

it use to be that the card associations were non-profit operations that
provided the interchange network (connecting merchants and issuing) and
publicity (and part of the interchange fee was to cover the cost of
operating the interchange network). Consolidation, outsourcing, etc had
resulted in over 90% of transactions being done at one of six
datacenters ... that had direct network connections ... and very few
transactions continued to flow over the card association networks ...
but the card associations continued to charge network fee ... in part
because the card associations change to "for profit" operations.

There have been some number of big legal battles on eliminating paying
the network part of interchange fees ... when the transactions no longer
transition over card assocation network (somewhat using the excuse that
the definition of "on-us" transactions only mentioned that it applied
when issuing and merchant bank were the same ... just assumed that it
met that transaction didn't flow of card association network).

They other threat to card association profits was the rise of internet.
Their network was just part of the rise of "value added networks" in the
"60s" and "70s" ... but the advent of internet manage to obsolete nearly
all of the VANs during the 90s ... exception primarily was the card
association network. The card assocations legal maneuvers have been to
get their piece of every transactions ... whether it flows over their
networks or not ... and would even prefer to the "on-us" exception
eliminated.

other trivia: one of the reasons for changing the name of the airline
control program (ACP) to transaction processing facility (TPF) was the
use of ACP by non-airlines (card associations and others) for their
network transaction and routing processor (also change from ACP being
free software and TPF being charged for)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transaction_Processing_Facility

the above says card association "authorization" ... but authorization is
a function of the issuing bank. card association does provide an
optional "stand-in" function if it is unable to contact the issuing bank
for transactions routed thru their network ... however it won't actually
have access to the account credit limit ... just some "BIN" associated
rules.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Payment_card_number

slightly related, 23june1969 unbundling announcement started to
charge for (application) software, SE services, etc (they managed
to make the case that kernel/system software still be free).
past unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

The future system effort in the 1st part of 70s, was going to completely
replace 370 & completely different. Internal politics was shutting down
370 activity ... and the lack of new 370 products during this period is
credited with given clone processors market foothold. FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

The rise of clone processors is then credited for change to starting to
charge for operating system (kernel) software.

other trivia: I had done bunch of stuff (scheduling, page replacement,
path length optimization, disk scheduling, etc) as undergraduate in the
60s, which was picked up and including in IBM's CP67. In the transition
from CP67 to VM370, lots of stuff was dropped and/or greatly simplified.
All during the FS period, I continued to work on 370 stuff (even
ridiculing FS activities). When FS imploded, the mad rush to get stuff
back into the 370 product pipelines contributed to selecting lots of my
stuff for release. A large package of my stuff was selected as guinea
pig to starting to charge for kernel software (and I got to spend a lot
of time with lawyers and business people on kernel software charging
policies).

scheduling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
page replacement posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Pentagon Is Building a Dream Team of Tech-Savvy Soldiers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Pentagon Is Building a Dream Team of Tech-Savvy Soldiers
Date: 03 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

The Pentagon Is Building a Dream Team of Tech-Savvy Soldiers
https://www.wired.com/story/pentagon-dream-team-tech-savvy-soldiers/?mbid=nl_070218_daily_list_p

the other side is Boyd story ... where he revitalized fighters
(apparently horribly offending the bomber crowd) ... first E/M theory,
then redesign of F15 and then the F16 & F18. When Boyd passed, he had
been pretty much disowned by the USAF and it was the Marines at
Arlington.
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

also the rapidly spreading success of failure culture ... frequently
involving dataprocessing and cyber
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

significantly accelerated by private-equity companies after turn of
the century acquiring beltway bandits and gov. contractors (including
company that will employ Snowden)
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster.

... snip ...

Private-equity owned companies are under enormous pressure to cut
corners and other measures to increase profits passed up to their
private-equity owners. Beltway bandits and government contractors are
under restriction to not use money from gov. contracts for lobbying
congress ... however money passed up to private-equity owners don't
seem to have similar restriction ... which also explains their hiring
high profile politicians to help with lobbying. This also explains
huge uptic in outsourcing gov to for-profit companies after turn of
century ... intelligence 70% of the budget and over half the people
(also private-equity owned companies that had contracts to do security
clearances were found to be filling out the paperwork, but not
actually doing the background checks)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

We had been involved, but didn't realize it at the time. IC-ARDA
(since renamed IARPA) released an unclassified BAA that basically said
that none of the tools at the agency did what was required. We weren't
aware of the BAA, but just before it closes we get a call asking if we
would respond. We get a response in and then some meetings at the
agency showing we can do what was required (little strange since I've
never had clearance and never worked for the government, although
they've used a lot of my software over the years, dating back to when
I was undergraduate in the 60s). Then everything goes quiet. Some time
later, we hear that agency executives told the primary
investigator/analyst that he hadn't sufficiently proven to them that
the tools he had didn't do the job. It wasn't until the success of
failure article appears that we get some idea of what was going on.

other refs:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Andrews_Drake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ThinThread
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trailblazer_Project

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The History of Junk Bonds and Leveraged Buyouts

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The History of Junk Bonds and Leveraged Buyouts
Date: 03 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#110 The History of Junk Bonds and Leveraged Buyouts

Why The Carpet Is About To Be Pulled From Under The Junk Bond Market
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-07-03/why-carpet-about-be-pulled-under-junk-bond-market

Today Blackrock reached a similar conclusion - get out of HY and into
IG despite the recent pain - however due to more fundamental reasons:
"investment grade valuations have become more attractive relative to
those of high yield. Yields for short-maturity investment grade
corporates are now well above the level of U.S. inflation. We see
these assets again playing their traditional portfolio role--principal
preservation, especially in an increasingly uncertain macro
environment."

... snip ...

aka "HY" or "high yield" or "junk" and IG or "investment grade".

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rash of Fortnite cheaters infected by malware that breaks HTTPS encryption

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Rash of Fortnite cheaters infected by malware that breaks HTTPS encryption
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 03 Jul 2018 17:20:32 -0700

Rash of Fortnite cheaters infected by malware that breaks HTTPS
encryption
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2018/07/rash-of-fortnite-cheaters-infected-by-malware-that-breaks-https-encryption/

For our HA/CMP product ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
we were working on both technical/scientific cluster scaleup with
national labs and commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors,
including Oracle ... old post with reference to JAN1992 cluster scaleup
meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Within a few weeks, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM
supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY* and we were told we
couldn't work on anything with more than four processors ... we depart
a vew months later.

Two of the Oracle people (from the Ellison meeting) have also left and
are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called
the "commerce server". We are brought in as consultants because they
want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also
invented this technology called "SSL" they want to use, the result is
now frequently called "electronic commerce". I wrote a whole rash of
posts from the period about "comfort certificates" ... the "merchant
digital certificates" (part of "SSL/HTTPS") provided users comfort
with the appearance of security.

part of the series in this collection of SSL digital certificate posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcerts
including in this post collection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm
from
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert
through
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert16

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Buying Victory: Money as a Weapon on the Battlefields of Today and Tomorrow

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Buying Victory: Money as a Weapon on the Battlefields of Today and Tomorrow
Date: 04 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

Buying Victory: Money as a Weapon on the Battlefields of Today and Tomorrow
https://mwi.usma.edu/buying-victory-money-weapon-battlefields-today-tomorrow/

In April 2003, two US Army sergeants in Baghdad stumbled upon a hidden
stash containing $650 million in uncirculated US $100 bills, likely
stockpiled by senior Iraqi officials.

...

Fifteen years after CERP's beginning, a US-advised offensive has
defeated ISIS in Iraq, liberating the city of Mosul but leaving much
of it in ruins. A recent Iraqi plan to rebuild Mosul would take years
and cost $100 billion (half of the total cost of the Marshall Plan
when adjusted for inflation).

... snip ...

have to destroy Mosul in order to save it. also, The Road Not Taken:
Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam, pg459/loc8358-60:

A few years later, at the height of the American war in 1968, an
anonymous Army major would be quoted saying, "It became necessary to
destroy the town to save it." The philosophy embodied in those
chilling words was already evident in Operation Starlite.

... snip ...

Various reports that some $60B in pallets of shrink wrapped $100 bills
air lifted to Iraq. Some amount used during "surge" as tribute and
bribes to reduce violance (out of Romans play book with "barbarians")
... but what happens when the money stops?

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning "road not taken"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#101 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing

posts mentioning shrink-wrapped $100 bills:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#67 U.S. can't account for $8.7 billion of Iraq's money: audit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#97 What a Caveman Can Teach You About Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#86 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#65 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#51 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#68 The Pentagon Spent $2.7 Billion on an Intelligence System That Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#50 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#110 The Koch-Fueled Plot to Destroy the VA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#11 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#40 Stop Believing in the Many Myths of the Iraq Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#42 Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#13 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#1 How Desert Storm Destroyed the US Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#52 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#56 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#48 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#20 Military Contractors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#38 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#10 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#14 How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#88 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#104 Iran shrink-wrapped $100 Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#10 Fears of an Aggressive Iran Are Far Older Than the Islamic Republic Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#88 The Pentagon Can't Account for $21 Trillion (That's Not a Typo)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#96 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now
Date: 04 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the
stock market afloat right now
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/07/02/corporate-buybacks-are-the-only-thing-keeping-the-stock-market-afloat.html

Stockman (Reagan's budget director in the 80s), "The Great
Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

spends a lot of time on stock buybacks; stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: Trump

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: Trump
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 04 Jul 2018 14:01:47 -0700

Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:

Nah, they just have a different definition of "fiscal responsibility":
they're responsible for spending, we're responsible for paying.

2002, congess lets the fiscal responsibility act expire
(spending can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal
debt).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAYGO#Statutory_PAYGO_(1990%E2%80%932002)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omnibus_Budget_Reconciliation_Act_of_1990
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balanced_Budget_Act_of_1997

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

the first major act after fiscal responsibility act lapses is Medicare
Part-D. CBS 60mins had segment on it, 18 republicans responsible for
getting the act passed ... just before the final vote they add one
sentence to the bill (and prevent CBO from distributing report on the
change) which prevents competitive bidding. They show drugs under part-d
that are three times the price of the identicial drugs under competitive
bidding. They also find that all 18 have resigned withing 6 months of
the bill passing. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

The US Comptroller General then starts including in speeches
that nobody in congress is capable of middle school arithmatic
(for how badly they savage the budget) and that part-d comes
to be a long term $40T item that totally swamps everything
else. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

2010, CBO reports that 2003-2009, taxes cut by $6T and spending
increased $6T, for $12T budget gap compared to the fiscal responsible
budget (first time that taxes were cut to not pay for two wars).

post today on aspect of war in Iraq (have to destroy something in order
to save it)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#9 Buying Victory: Money as a Weapon on the Battlefields of Today and Tomorrow

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now
Date: 04 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#10 Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now

Big buyback motivation is it reduces the number of stocks, juicing the
value/stock and propping up price/stock ... and top executives bonus
plans tied to price/stock. Stockman's book (The corruption of
Capitalism in America) was that it became epidemic after the start of
century ... typical example was IBM over extended period spent 122% of
earnings on buybacks and dividends, spent less on capital investment
than its depreciation and amortization charges, and shrank R&D
spending by 2%/year. It is obviously a short term strategy but the
executives plan on being long gone by the time consequences come home
to roost. sotck buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

2002, congess lets the fiscal responsibility act expire (spending
can't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAYGO#Statutory_PAYGO_(1990%E2%80%932002)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omnibus_Budget_Reconciliation_Act_of_1990
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balanced_Budget_Act_of_1997

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

The US Comptroller General then starts including in speeches that
nobody in congress is capable of middle school arithmatic (for how
badly they savage the budget). 2010 CBO reports that 2003-2009, taxes
cut by $6T and spending increased $6T, for $12T budget gap compared to
the fiscal responsible budget (first time that taxes were cut to not
pay for two wars).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

2008 there was tv broadcast (cbs?) economist conference roundtable
about congress selling tax loopholes was major contribution to them
being called the most corrupt institution on earth. Also the
increasing numbers of tax loopholes, it was costing 3% of GDP lost in
tax accountants dealing with the loopholes and another 3% lost in
businesses making non-optimal decisions. Going to straight flat-tax
(eliminating all loopholes), while having some shortcomings, they
would be more than offset by gaining back 6% of GDP and hopefully
eliminating the enormous corruption. However, they commented that
congress is so corrupt they would find some way. Apparently the most
corrupt (and make the largest amount) are those on the House tax
committee. One of the issues is that so many tax loopholes have been
sold that congress' tax loophole business is dropping off ... and now
members of congress are working on ways that instead of one time
payments, that businesses make reoccurring payments every year for
their tax loopholes (apparently congress are considered cheap crooks,
supposedly business make up to $1000 for every dollar spent on
loopholes, 100,000% ROI).

Since then the tax revenue wasn't restored and only modest cuts in the
spending increases from the early part of last decade, and more
recently even more tax loopholes&cuts (so the rate of debt increases
is increasing).

What did corporate America do with that tax break? Buy record amounts
of its own stock; The White House promised '70 percent' of the tax cut
would go to workers. It didn't.
https://www.nbcnews.com/business/economy/what-did-corporate-america-do-tax-break-buy-record-amounts-n886621

"More than 70 percent of this [tax cut] will be returned to workers,"
said White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders at a January
press conference after the bill came into effect.

... snip ...

Poster child was home depot supposedly saying the repatriated money
would go to worker bonuses ... each worker getting $1000
bonus. However the home depot website actually says workers will get
UP TO $1000 bonus ... but also says nearly all of it goes to stock
buybacks ... even if EVERY worker got $1000 bonus, it would only be 3%
of what is going to buybacks (but looks to be more like 1%). No
"investment" just bonuses to line executive pockets.

recent posts mentioning Home Depot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#104 Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#18 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#21 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#70 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#71 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#78 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computers, anyone?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Computers, anyone?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 04 Jul 2018 19:06:56 -0700

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#5 Computers, anyone?

little more recent drift:

Visa, Mastercard Near Settlement Over Card-Swipe Fees; Visa, Mastercard
and a number of banks that issue debit and credit cards including
JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup and Bank of America would pay the merchants
around $6.5 billion
https://www.wsj.com/articles/visa-mastercard-near-settlement-over-card-swipe-fees-1530193694

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

On The Deficit, GOP Has Been Playing Us All For Suckers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: On The Deficit, GOP Has Been Playing Us All For Suckers
Date: 04 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

On The Deficit, GOP Has Been Playing Us All For Suckers
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stancollender/2018/04/15/on-the-deficit-gop-has-been-playing-us-all-for-suckers/

some more background. spring 2009, IRS said they were going after
52,000 wealthy Americans that owned $400B on money illegally stashed
overseas (this was separate from the loopholes at the start of the
century that allowed trillions to be "legally" stashed overseas). then
2011, the new speaker of the house in weekend local DC radio interview
said he was placing the new (republican tea party) party darlings on
the house tax committee as reward (because those members get the most
money). not long later there was press that the house was cutting the
appropriations for the IRS unit responsible for recovering the
$400B. Afterwards there were sporadic news stories about TBTFs being
fined a few billion for aiding the illegal tax evasion ... but nothing
about the recovery of the $400B.

also at least by sometime in the late 80s, corporations (with labor
intensive operations) were creating subsidiaries with few employees
but where majority of the profit was booked (as countermeasure to wage
increases). In the first half of the 90s, airlines were showing losses
on airline operations (because of fuel cost increases) but parent
company was showing enormous profit because airline operations had all
the costs, but majority of the profit had been moved to computerized
ticketing subsidiaries (which more than offset the losses in airline
operations). This even allowed airline to declare bankruptcy for the
airline operations and dump their employee pension plan on the
government (even when parent was making profit); some retired pilots
saying they took 80% cut in pension
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pension_Benefit_Guaranty_Corporation

New loopholes after the turn of the century even allowed the profit
making subsidiary to be moved offshore to avoid taxes. Poster child
was large equipment maker that made in the US and sold and delivered
to customers in the US ... then created "distributorship" in tax
haven. The equipment is made in the US and then transferred to the
books of the distributorship at cost ... which sells to the customers
in the US (and is directly delivered to customers in the US), but all
the profit is booked in the tax haven. The money (and equipment) never
even leave the US shore, just shows on the books in the tax haven
... but invested on wallstreet.
https://www.icij.org/
https://www.icij.org/investigations/
https://www.icij.org/investigations/luxembourg-leaks/

recent related posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#10 Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now<
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#12 Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now<

tax evasion, fraud, avoidance, havens posts
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
TBTF (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too.big.to.fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Frank Heart Dies at 89

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Frank Heart Dies at 89
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 05 Jul 2018 09:31:05 -0700

Charles Richmond <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:

Of course, Will Crowther is best known for his part in writing
Colossal Cave Adventure, something it seems he does *not* want to talk
about publicly.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#108 Frank Heart Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#2 Frank Heart Dies at 89

wiki entry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Crowther_(programmer)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adventure_game#Text_adventures_(1976%E2%80%931989)

I first saw copy of adventure at tymshare in the 70s ... they had got it
off stanford sail pdp10 and ported it to vm370/cms. I get a copy and
made it available on IBM internal systems ... people that can prove they
got all points, I would send source. within short time PLI versions
start showing as well as versions with lots more points.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

other trivia; his wife nancy worked for IBM in cambridge
(CROWTHER@CAMBRIDG) ... at the IBM Cambridge Science Center and the IBM
side of Project Athena. Both IBM and DEC had provided $25M to project
athena and got deputy/assist directors ... and provided some number of
additional people ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Crowther_(programmer)#Rest_of_career
project athena
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Athena

CAS was IBM deputy/assist director at Project Athena.  I periodically
mention him for having invented compare&swap instruction when he was
working on fine grain multiprocessor locking for CP67 (compare and
swap chosen because they are charlie's initials, CAS).  compare and
swap instruction
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compare-and-swap
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compare-and-swap#Implementations
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS

past posts mentioning multiprocessor and/or compare-and-swap
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
past posts mentioning cambridge science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

for even more drift ... 1999/2000 we were on assignment in Seattle
working with a number of companies on online/internet financial
... including a company that specialized in Kerberos (from project
athena)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerberos_(protocol)

the company had brought in a new CEO ... who had previous been head of
IBM POK mainframe and then head of IBM Boca PS2/OS2 (some accounts from
that period have him in conflict with head of microsoft).  At the time
the company also had a microsoft contract to do the kerberos
implementation/port for windows.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerberos_(protocol)#Microsoft_Windows
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_Windows_Authentication

we then have a couple booths at 1999 world-wide retail banking show ...
old press references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#217 AADS/X9.59 demo & standards at BAI (world-wide retail banking) show
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#224 AADS/X9.59 demo & standards at BAI (world-wide retail banking) show

other AADA/X9.59 ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
Date: 05 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
https://consortiumnews.com/2018/07/04/america-celebrates-lateral-move-from-monarchy-to-corporate-rule/

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

pgxiv/loc74-78:

Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a
scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by
the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the
rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with
the rights of corporations.

pgxviii/loc132-36:

For most of American history, the Supreme Court failed to protect the
dispossessed and the marginalized, with the justices claiming to be
powerless in the face of hostile public sentiment. As we will see,
however, the court's record on corporate rights was much different. In
1809, the Supreme Court decided the first case on the constitutional
rights of corporations, decades before the first comparable cases for
women or racial minorities. And unlike women and minorities, who lost
nearly all of their early cases, corporations won that first case--and
have compiled an impressive list of victories in the years since.

pg229/loc3667-68:

IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS
FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE
THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.

... snip ...

Tobacco industry is fighting back against anti-tobacco with scientists
for hire, Merchants of Doubt
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt
http://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

but loosing out to Nader and public citizen groups.

pg278/loc4393-94:

"CHAPTER 9 The Corporation's Justice"

... snip ...

Has tobacco industry then fighting back with board member appointed to
supreme court and "capturing" the national chamber of commerce for
corporations to gain 1st amendment rights.

"The Influence Machine: The U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the Corporate
Capture of American Life"
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

other past posts mentioning chamber of commerce:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#56 Grilled Turkey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#52 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#48 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#56 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#2 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#79 Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#110 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#91 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#44 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#102 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#103 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#106 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#77 Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on the businesses that hire them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#9 Which States Account for Our Trade Deficit with Mexico?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#54 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb

recent posts mentioning western union (& large corporations behind
huge influx of illegal immigrants to work at less than minimum wage)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#7 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#8 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#9 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#54 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#58 We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pentagon to outsource all strategy to Booz Allen Hamilton (warning satire?)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pentagon to outsource all strategy to Booz Allen Hamilton (warning satire?)
Date: 05 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

Pentagon to outsource all strategy to Booz Allen Hamilton (warning satire?)
https://www.duffelblog.com/2018/07/strategery-getting-outsourced/

note, AMEX was in competition with KKR for private equity LBO takeover
of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble with RJR and hires away the
AMEX president to help turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
then IBM has run into trouble and was being reorged into the 13 "baby
blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board than
hires away the former AMEX president, who reverses the breakup
and uses some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
He later leaves to head up another private equity comapny
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster.

... snip ...

Private equity companies moved into acquiring gov. contractors and
beltway bandits ... and hired prominent  politicians to help with
lobbying congress on outsourcing ... resulting in enormous explosion
in outsourcing last decade. Intelligence, 70% of budget and over half
the people (including Carlyle company that employs Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
which significantly accelerates the rapidly spreading success of
failure culture (make more money from a series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

recent related article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#6 The Pentagon Is Building a Dream Team of Tech-Savvy Soldiers

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online Computer Conferencing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online Computer Conferencing
Date: 06 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

trivia ... I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to
social media) in the late 70s and early 80s (40yrs ago) on the
internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the
beginning until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate
executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and
the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.

However somewhat as a result, a researcher was paid to study how I
communicated, sat in back of my office for 9months taking notes on how
I communicate (face-to-face, telephone, etc) and got copies of all my
incoming and outgoing email and logs of all my instant
messages. Besides IBM research reports, the material was also used for
some number of papers & books and Stanford PHD (joint between language
& computer AI, Winograd was advisor on the AI side). The researcher
had previously been a ESL (english as 2nd language) teacher ... and
commented that I have all the characteristics of a non-native English
speaker ... except I have no other natural language ... supposedly
this explains my poor grammar, spelling & typos. 1995 book
(out-of-print), but also current rewrite is from 2014
https://books.google.com/books/about/Knowledge_Machines.html?id=60EHtgEACAAJ

CMC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

... other trivia, note that there was then an attempted effort to get
me named to the highest corporate technical position, but with 5 of
the executive committee wanted to fire me, it was never going to
happen. However the 6th on the corporate executive committee started
provided funding out of his office, as if I had the title. Part of
money went to what I called HSDT program ... which included working
with the director of national science foundation to provide high-speed
interconnect for the NSF supercomputer centers. We were suppose to get
$20M for the NSF supercomputer interconnect, then congress cuts the
budget, and some other things happen ... and finally NSF releases an
RFP. Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries
to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other
agencies), copying the CEO, but that just makes the internal politics
worse (as does comments that what we already have running is at least
5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into
the centers, it morphs into the "NSFNET Backbone" (precursor to modern
internet).
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/
I previously posted copy of the preliminary announcement (28Mar1986)
here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
misc. old related email from the period
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
Date: 06 July 2018
Blog: Facebook

America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
https://www.amazon.com/Americas-War-Greater-Middle-East-ebook/dp/B0174PRIY4/
loc109-12:

The history that follows, an account of U.S. military efforts to
determine the fate and future of the Greater Middle East, is itself a
preliminary walk around, or through, a comparably large subject. If
nothing else, America's War for the Greater Middle East seeks to
reveal how remarkably far we have to go to understand what those
efforts have produced and what they have cost.

... snip ...

Iran elected leader was going to review the Anglo-Persian contracts
... CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf
senior) trained
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK
Eventually people revolt against the extremely violent and repressive American supported regime.

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge
Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending
increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

Team B posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody
(Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns
to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney). In the
80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq in the
Iran/Iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs (picture of Rumsfeld and Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo
recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to
invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and
proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the
white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia,
now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and
one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of
Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Originally the invasion was justified on Iraq supporting Al Qaeda and
it would only cost $50B (now heading for 100 times that). That was
then changed to WMDs. last decade before invasion, cousin of white
house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN
and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq
war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell
and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was
published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmc

Military-industrial complex wanted the invasion so badly that
corporate representatives were telling former Soviet block countries
that if they voted for the invasion in the UN, they would get
"directed appropriations" USAID (i.e. can only be spent on military
arms from US companies) and NATO membership.
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA
Invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for (fabricated)
WMDs. From the law of unintended consequences, when they got around to
going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated, later large
artillery shells start showing up in IEDs.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

a little topic drift, in the 80s, VP Bush1 had repeatedly denied any
knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

last decade, another family member presides over the economic mess, 70
times larger than the S&L crisis (that had 1000 criminal convictions
with jailtime), proportionally there should have been 70,000 criminal
convictions (with jailtime).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 07 Jul 2018 10:55:12 -0700

Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
https://www.space.com/34661-manned-orbiting-laboratory-declassified-photos.html

There was a special three-processor (triplex) 360/67 done for MOL
program. Standard 360/67 multiprocessor "channel director" had
configuration switches that could reconfigure memory, processors, i/o
channels, etc for various reasons (including removing failed
components from configurations). The channel director configuration
switches were visible by software in the "control register"
values. The MOL triplex 360/67 channel director was enhanced so that
software could change the switch settings by changing the values in
the control registers.

360/67 functional characteristics. 360/67 was originally designed to
have up to four processors (although all production multiprocessors
only was for 2-processors, except for the one built for MOL) and
multiprocessor configuration had unique 360 features, like all
processors could address all channels. Pg 31-33 shows control register
values (for up to four processor configuration)
http://bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/A27-2719-0_360-67_funcChar.pdf

image of 360/67 "blue card" (inside also gives control register layout
for up to four processor configuration)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/folds.jpg

67 trivia ... at the science center, I had gotten the "blue card" from one of the inventors of GML (i.e. invented at the science center in 1969, GML chosen because they are the first letters of the inventors last name). science center posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech GML posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml Multiprocessor (&/or compare-and-swap) posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp -- virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
Date: 07 Jul 2018
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#29 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station

GML/SGML/HTML topic drift, there is this periodic discussion about
original html/sgml morph or application ... the explanation was that
making it an sgml application would have taken much longer and
required more resources. HTML tags were defined to have sgml-like
definitions with none of overhead and infrastructure ... making it
much quicker to implement and deploy
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early
... from above, then 1992 & later:

However, HTML suffered greatly from the lack of standardization, and
the dodgy parsing techniques allowed by Mosaic (in 1993). If HTML had
been precisely defined as having to have an SGML DTD, it may not have
become as popular as fast, but it would have been a lot
architecturally stronger.

... snip ...

also references
https://www.w3.org/MarkUp/html-spec/index.html

other trivia, 1st webserver in the us was on the SLAC VM370/CMS system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

topic drift: I had HSDT project in early 80s and was working with NSF
director for interconnecting the NSF supercomputer centers. We were
suppose to get $20M, but then congress cuts the budget, some number of
things happen ... and then NSF finally releases RFP ... Preliminary
Announacement (28Mar1986) previously posted here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
three parts, the supercomputer center interconnect, supercomputer
applications, regional network connection.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF Director tries to
help by writing the company a letter (with support from other
agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does
comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of
all RFP responses ... to build something new). As the regional
networks connect into the centers, it morphs into the NSFNET backbone,
precursor to the modern internet.

The National Supercomputer Application Center
http://www.ncsa.illinois.edu/
develops MOSAIC. Then some of the people come out to silicon valley to
do a MOSAIC startup ... then NCSA complains and they have to change
the name.

We had been working with Oracle on commercial HA/CMP cluster scaleup
(as well as national labs for technical/scientic cluster scaleup)
... old ref of Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
then cluster scaleup is transferred (and announced as IBM Supercomputer
for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we can't work with
anything with more than four processors ... we leave the company a few
months later.

Two of the Oracle people (from the Ellison meeting) have left and are
at a small client/server startup responsible for something called
"commerce server". We are brought in as consultants because they want
to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also
invented this technology they called "SSL" they want to use, the
result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

trivia question: who owned the name "NETSCAPE" and provided it when
NCSA force them to change their name????

GML, SGML, HTML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
Blog: Facebook
Date: 07 Jul 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#29 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#30 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station

... drift on history part of decade old article on the subject in IBM
System Mag (although they garbled some of the details)
http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/stoprun/Stop-Run/Making-History/

random tidbits, I took 2hr intro to fortran class as undergraduate,
they then hire me student programmer for bunch of 360 programming,
then within year, hire me fulltime responsible for mainframe
production academic and administration systems (one of the things I
did was completely take apart OS/360 SYSGEN and redo it in order to
optimally place files & PDS members for optimal disk performance). Old
post with part of1968 SHARE presentation on work on OS/360 as well as
CP/67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18 CP/67 & OS MFT14

Then Boeing hires me fulltime into small group in CFOs office to help
with Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into
independent business group to better monetize the investment,
including offering services to non-Boeing entities). Just Renton
datacenter has something like $200M-$300M in IBM mainframe and 360/65s
were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly
queued in hallways around machine room. When I graduate instead of
staying at Boeing, I join the IBM science center at MIT. One of my
hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating systems
for internal datacenters ... lots of internal R&D labs in the US and
overseas, world-wide sales&marketing support HONE sysems, etc, and
freely allowed to visit their locations. HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Also get to give presentations at SHARE and visit lots of
customers. Also work on various SMP projects ... one was 16-way 370
and we con the 3033 processor engineers to help in their spare
time. Everybody thot it was great until somebody told head of POK that
it could be decades before POK favorite son operating system had
effecitve 16-way support (first shipped, more than 20yrs later, 2000,
16-way z900) and some of us are "invited" to never visit POK again (I
could still sneak into POK and go processor engineer weekly bicycle
ride).

1977 transfer to San Jose Research ... get to work on original
sql/relatonal at SJR, work on other DBMS at STL, get to play disk
engineer across the street in bldg 14&15. Disk development testing was
on lots of stand-alone mainframes prescheduled 7x24. They had tried
MVS for concurrent testing ... but MVS had 15min MTBF even with single
testing. I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor to be bullet
proof and never fail ... for any amount of on-demand, concurrent
testing ... greatly improving productivity. Then because everything
was running under my software, the kneejerk would be to claim a
problem was mine and call me ... and mostly I had to diagnose their
hardware problems. Bldg15 product test, got early engineering models
for channel/disk I/O testing ... so I had free access to 3033, 4341,
etc. I got con'ed into doing early benchmarking on engineering 4341
for LLNL that was looking at getting 70 for compute farm (sort of the
leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami). Posts
getting to play disk engineer in bldg 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

Late 70s/early 80s, blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor
to social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet
from just about beginning until sometime mid-80s), hundreds of people
from all over the company were sending me email. Folklore is when
corporate executive committee is told about online computer
conferencing (and internal network), 5of6 want to fire me. Somewhat as
punishment made to report to YKT and have to commute to east coast a
couple times a month (monday on west coast, monday night redeye to
kennedy, return on friday afternoon). online computer conferencing
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Note I had offered MVS FBA support ... but was told even if fully
tested & integrated, I needed $26M business case changing pubs &
education ($200M-$300M in incremental new sales) ... and since IBM was
already selling every disk they could make, FBA support would just
mean that it changed from CKD to FBA (I couldn't use life-cycle &
development costs in justification).
CKD & FBA posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

When REX(REXX) first came out I wanted to demonstrate it wasn't just
another pretty scripting language ... as demonstration I would
re-implement large assembler program (IPCS) in rex working half time
over 3months that was ten times faster and ten times more function. I
finished early so I started library of automated scripts that would
search for typical failure signatures/modes. I thought it would be
released to customers ... but it wasn't for whatever reason, even when
nearly every internal datacenter and PSR in the company used it. I
eventually got permission to give talks on its implementation at
customer user group meetings ... and within a couple months similar
customer implementations started appearing. This is old email from
3092 group wanting to ship it with 3092.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

3092 weren't aware that I had been communicating with the 3090
processor engineers back to the 16-way/3033 days. "DUMPRX"
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 08 Jul 2018 12:14:15 -0700

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#29 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#30 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#31 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station

Lockheed(?) Sunnyvale was working on MOL and the triplex 360/67. There
was a cp67-360/67 meeting sponsored in Sunnyvale that included some of
the Lockheed(?) and IBM people on the project. There must have also
been some people from Monterey NPG ... but I don't remember. When MOL
was canceled, an IBMer on the project joined the IBM cambridge science
center at MIT.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manned_Orbiting_Laboratory

He is also person the that invented compare-and-swap instruction when
he was working on fine grain multiprocessor locking for CP/67
(Compare-And-Swap chosen because CAS are his initials). CSC attempted
to get CAS added to (new) 370 architecture ... but it was originally
rejected. The 370 architecture owners said the POK favorite son
operating system people said that CAS was needed for multiprocessor
support, that test-and-set instruction was more than sufficient. They
said to justify it for 370, we would have to come up with some
justifications that didn't require multiprocessor. thus was born the
example uses for large multithreaded applications (whether they ran on
single processor or multiprocessor configurations) ... examples that
still appear in mainframe principles of operation appendix.
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/A.6?DT=20040504121320

Other trivia: ... before windows there was ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
before ms/dos there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer there was cp/m,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before cp/m, kildall worked on cp67/cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on
at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School
cp67/cms (aka precursor to vm/370)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
before cp67/cms ... there was virtual machine, interactive computing cp/40
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Harvard Professors Expose 'The Real Problem With Stock Buybacks'

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Harvard Professors Expose 'The Real Problem With Stock Buybacks'
Blog: Facebook
Date: 08 Jul 2018

The Real Problem With Stock Buybacks; Many critics say buybacks crimp
investment. But the real problem is that they transfer wealth from
shareholders to executives, two professors say.
https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-real-problem-with-stock-buybacks-1530903118

Harvard Professors Expose 'The Real Problem With Stock Buybacks'
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-07-08/harvard-professors-expose-real-problem-stock-buybacks

Executives can use repurchases to enrich themselves because disclosure
requirements are woefully inadequate. When executives trade
personally, they must publicly disclose the details of each trade
within two business days. The spotlight created by such real-time,
fine-grained disclosure helps curb trading abuses by executives. By
contrast, the SEC only requires a firm to report, in each quarterly
filing, the number of shares repurchased in each month of the quarter
and the average price paid per share. Investors see this filing a
month or so into the next quarter, one to four months after the
buybacks occur. And they never see individual repurchases, just
aggregate transaction data. Researchers can detect the existence of
buyback abuses across a large sample of public firms, but investors
cannot easily identify the particular executive teams using
repurchases to line their own pockets.

... snip ...

stock buyback posts
httP//www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why You Should Trust Your Gut, According to the University of Cambridge

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why You Should Trust Your Gut, According to the University of Cambridge
Blog: Facebook
Date: 08 Jul 2018

Why You Should Trust Your Gut, According to the University of
Cambridge
https://bigthink.com/articles/why-you-should-trust-your-gut-according-to-the-university-of-cambridge

Past experience basis for Boyd's orientation ,,, however Boyd would
also say that it is necessary to constantly observe from every
possible facet as countermeasure to orientation bias ... especially
the kind where orientation is based on repeated (nearly) identical
circumstances ... and then circumstances change (and the
orientation/gut is no longer valid).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

Note this sort of also wanders into Kahneman's "Thinking Fast and Slow"
https://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-Slow-Daniel-Kahneman-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA/
one viewpoint can be survival/adaptation ... brain is most energy
intensive organ of the body ... rewiring brain so that it shortcuts
something that is done/repeated often 1) conserves energy and 2)
increases reaction performance. This also wanders into coup d'oeil
and "fingerspitzengefuhl" ... which can sometimes can be considered
intuition. Intuition can be "gut feeling" ... but it can also be
logical process for which there isn't words.
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jul/07/big-tech-politics-language
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

Boyd posts & web URLs
http:/www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

recent Toyoto posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#8 How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#44 Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#82 Quality Efforts

recent Kahneman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#51 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#87 Where Is Everyone???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SEC Knifes Its Whistleblower Program

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: SEC Knifes Its Whistleblower Program
Blog: Facebook
Date: 09 Jul 2018

SEC Knifes Its Whistleblower Program
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/07/sec-knifes-whistleblower-program.html

note before that, Sarbanes-Oxley also called for whistleblower. In
Madoff hearings, they had the person that unsuccessfully tried for a
decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff ... he also pointed out
that tips turn up 13 times more fraud than audits.

also note congressional rhetoric was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent
future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime
... but required SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't
believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of fraudulent
financial filings even show increased after SOX going into effect
... and nobody doing jailtime

whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
finaical report fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain
Blog: Facebook
Date: 12 Jul 2018

Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain
https://bigthink.com/ned-dymoke/wearing-a-tie-cuts-circulation-to-your-brain

When I graduated and first joined IBM, I drank the kool-aid and got
3piece suits for customer calls. I'd do technical presentations at
SHARE and lots of customers liked me to wander by their shops and talk
technology. One was manager of one of the largest (true blue, all-IBM)
financial datacenters on the east coast. At one point, the branch
manager horribly offended that customer. The customer decided it would
teach IBM a lesson and be the first non-university customer to order
an Amdahl machine (it would be a lonely red system in a vast sea of
blue systems). I got called in and told to go live onsite at the
customer for 6-12 months. I said I was really good friends with the
customer and knew it would change nothing. I was told that the branch
manager was really good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO and I needed to do
this to obfuscate why the customer was ordering an Amdahl machine. I
said I still couldn't see any reason to do it (hold people accountable
rather than pervasive "old boys" networks). I was told that if I
didn't obfuscate why the customer was ordering an Amdahl machine, it
would ruin the branch manager's career (best buds with IBM CEO) and I
could forget about having any career in IBM. I never wore a 3piec suit
again, a long career offending lots of people in IBM.

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books,
1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the
70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being
shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with
giving clone processor makers market foothold:

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no
waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in
the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management,
F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from
the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

and the 1st non-university, large commercial, true-blue IBM customer
to order one, they tried to blame on me ... obfuscation and
misdirection away from the branch manager. I had also continued to
work on 370 stuff all through the FS period, even periodically
ridiculing the FS work ... which also wasn't exactly career enhancing
activity.

they even managed to give "empty suits" a bad name.

semi-related ... end of ACS-360 .... top management was worried it
would advance the state of art too fast and they would loose control
of the market ... so it was shutdown. Amdahl then leaves IBM and
starts his own company. At the bottom, it lists ACS-360 features that
show up in ES/9000 more than two decades later
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

The lack of 370 products during the FS period ... along with giving
clone processor makers market foothold ... was significant contributor
to the development of IBM FUD (fear, uncertainty, and doubt) marketing
skills.

trivia: FS started not long after I joined IBM ... and I never did
drink that kool-aid ... but did drink the kool-aid about 3piece suits
for customer visits. At the time there was a long running cult film
down at central sq ... and I would draw comparison between that film
and the FS effort. This was in the period when nearly all the money
was going to FS and people were being told that if they wanted
promotions or raises they would have to transfer to FS.

Some of the top FS people visited the science center and they would
describe some radically complex new idea ... and I would comment that
I already had something better than that running on 370.

FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

posts specifically mentioning IBM CEO's branch manager sailing buddy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#22 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#52 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#41 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#95 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#86 Computer/IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#92 An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#27 Software Delivery on Tape to be Discontinued

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S.
Blog: Facebook
Date: 12 Jul 2018

These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S.; Technology
companies and airlines ranked highest among employees this year.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-07-12/these-are-the-best-companies-to-work-for-in-the-u-s

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer group a talk scheduled at internal,
world-wide, annual, communication group conference ... supposedly on
3174 performance ... however he opened his talk with the statement
that the head of the communication group was going to be responsible
for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the
communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate
strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls and
were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server,
trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The
disk division was seeing data fleeing datacenters to more distributed
computing friendly platforms with fall in disk sales. The disk
division had come up with a number of solution to address the
opportunity, but they were constantly being vetoed by the
communication group (with their corporate strategic ownership of
everything that crossed datacenter walls). The datacenter stranglehold
wasn't just affecting disk sales and a few years later the company
goes into the red.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

The efforts of the communication group was significant factor in the
down turn of the company and its slide into the red in the early 90s
... a period where the company was being restructured into what this
time magazine reference called the 13 "baby blues" ... in preparation
for splitting up the company ... "fall of ibm" article from 28Dec1992
"How IBM Was Left Behind" (gone behind paywall, but mostly leaves free
at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

re: 13 baby blues; ... we had left IBM by that time ... but got a call
from the bowels of Armonk explaining the 13 baby blues and would we
work on helping with the breakup. The issue was that lots of business
units leveraged supplier contract in other units with MOUs. With the
breakup, lots of the supplier contracts would be in different
corporations and the MOUs had to be cataloged and turned into their
own contracts. Before we got started, new CEO was brought in and
breakup was reversed.

a few other recent "13 baby blue" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#2 History question - In what year did IBM first release its DF/DSS backup & restore product?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#20 How to Fix IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#35 AW: Re: Number of Cylinders per Volume
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn

... another

AWD had done their own (AT-bus, 16bit) 4mbit/sec token-ring card for
the PC/RT. However for RS/6000, AWD were told they couldn't do their
own microchannel cards, but had to help their corporate brethren and
use PS2 cards. The joke was that if the RS/6000 had to use PS2 cards,
it wouldn't be any faster than PS2. For instance the communication
group had designed PS2 16mbit/sec token-ring microchannel cards with
design point of terminal emulation with hundreds sharing same
16mbit/sec LAN. As a result the PS2 microchannel 16mbit/sec token-ring
card had lower "per-card" throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit/sec
token-ring cards (and RS/6000 server had lower throughput than PC/RT
server).

At one point the head of AWD publicly let corporate senior VP what he
thought of the directive and left the company shortly later. A
work-around to the corporate directive was to come out with a RS/6000
"730" that had a VMEbus (instead of microchannel) ... which met they
weren't forced to use the woefully inadequate PS2 cards (it was
possible that AWD could have come out with microchannel cards that
were even better than the industry VMEbus cards .... but they weren't
allowed to). There were lots of high throughput, high-end workstation
VMEbus cards ... which helped save the day.

risc 801 project at YKT in mid-70s. then late 70s, there was an effort
to move the large variety of internal CISC microprocessors to RISC
.... low & mid-range 370, controllers, follow-on to S/38, etc. For
various reasons all of those efforts floundered. The 4331/4341 were
custom cisc that emulated 370 at avg ten native instructions per 370
instructions. The follow-on 4361/4381 were originally going to be much
faster RISC processors that achieved significantly higher simulated
throughput. I helped write the white-paper that killed that
effort. The issue was that CMOS had advanced to the point that could
implement nearly all of 370 directly in a chip (rather than simulate
either cisc or risc).

Note that we now have the reverse ... most common well-known non-RISC
chips .. a couple decades ago started (hardware) decomposing cisc
instructions into risc micro-operations for execution schedule
... largely negating the difference between high-end CISC processors
and high-end RISC processors ... big difference is trying to get as
much execution going concurrently/overlapped as possible ... and/or
how fast can move to latest chip technology ... although software is
severely lagging behind.

Part of this is that now cache-miss latency to memory ... when
measured in number of processor cycles ... is about the same as 60s
disk latency when measured in number of 60s processor cycles
(processors trying to overlap execution while other execution is
waiting on memory operation).

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

before 3705 came out, the IBM cambridge science center tried to get
the peachtree processor (used in series/1) to be used for the 3705
... but they had to do their own that quickly became woefully
inadequate.

In 1st part of 80s, I got dragged into turning out a NCP/VTAM
implementation that a baby bell had done on Series/1 ... as a type-1
IBM product ... with followon moved to what would become the
RS/6000. It had enormous more function/feature than traditional
communication group product (in part because the Series/1 was so much
more powerful than what communication group was using for 37x5s). We
thought that we had walled off all the things that communication group
could do to block the effort ... but what they then did can only be
described as truth is much stranger than fiction.

Series/1 as NCP/VTAM presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#66 System/1 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#69 System/1 ?

other "peachtree" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#63 System/1 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#106 IBM Mainframe Model Numbers--then and now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#239 IBM UC info
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#66 oddly portable machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#79 "Database" term ok for plain files?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#75 Z/90, S/390, 370/ESA (slightly off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#45 VM and/or Linux under OS/390?????
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#42 Beginning of the end for SNA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#65 Bettman Archive in Trouble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#20 Vnet : Unbelievable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#32 why does wait state exist?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#53 MVS History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#67 3745 & NCP Withdrawl?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#5 Card Columns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#16 3745 & NCP Withdrawl?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#23 diffence between itanium and alpha
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#76 COMTEN- IBM networking boxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#27 IBM 3705 and UC.5
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#17 Amusing acronym
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#56 1401-S, 1470 "last gasp" computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#8 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#14 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#44 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#2 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#70 An inComplete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#52 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#6 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#34 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#43 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#82 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#57 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#56 The Road Not Taken: Knowing When to Keep Your Mouth Shut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#84 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#86 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#43 Are we just running in place?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#82 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#97 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#99 Boca Series/1 & CPD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#52 IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S.
Blog: Facebook
Date: 13 Jul 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#28 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S

some Boyd drift:

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his
briefings at IBM. The first time was just Patterns of Conflict and I
tried to do it through plant site employee education. However as I
provided them more information (prevailing in competitive
environment), they changed their mind. They said that IBM spends a lot
of money training managers on how to handle employees and that
exposing general employees to Boyd would be counter productive
(implying relations between management and employees is a competitive
environment) .... they suggested that I restrict audience to just
senior members of competitive analysis group (which I didn't, first
briefing was in fairly full bldg. 28 auditorium, SJR at the time,
before it moved up the hill to the new bldg). Then I got hit because
there was unwritten rule that anybody of any distinction had to
present at YKT before presenting at SJR.

trivia: 1990 commandant of the marine corps leveraged Boyd for a
make-over of the corps. By the time he passed, the USAF pretty much
disowned him ... and it was the Marines at Arlington ... and all his
effects went to Quantico ... and we have continued to have Boyd themed
conferences there. A couple years after he passed, USAF did finally
manage to dedicate BOYD Hall at Nellis.

Boyd/IBM repeated story, undergraduate had intro to computer class
... within year, univ. hired me fulltime to be responsible for ibm
production mainframe systems. then before I graduate, I was hired
fulltime at Boeing into small group in CFO office to help form Boeing
Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing in independent
business unit to better monetize the investment ... including offering
dataprocessing services to non-Boeing entities). I thought Renton
datacenter possibly largest in the world ($200m-$300M in IBM gear, 60s
dollars) and 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be
installed, boxes were constantly staged in the hallways around the
machine room. Boeing was looking at replicating Renton up at the new
747 plant at Paine Field (there was disaster scenario where Mt. Rainer
warms up and the resulting mud slide takes out Renton datacenter).
When I graudate, I join the IBM science center at MIT (instead of
staying at Boeing).

periodically told Boyd quote:

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose
which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and
positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that
are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite
often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords
with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you
have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want
to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be
or to do, that is the question.

... snip ...

Boyd would tell stories that he had been very vocal about electronics
across the trail not working ... possibly as punishment, he was put in
command of "spook base" (about the same time I was at Boeing). Boyd
biography claims "spook base" was $2.5B(!) windfall for IBM (ten times
Renton). "Spook base" reference ... gone 404 but lives on at wayback
machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some recent BCS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#90 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#51 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#60 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#55 Pareto efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#83 Ferranti Atlas paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#104 Now Hear This-Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#28 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#25 OFF TOPIC:  Spring Break, 1947
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#22 Manned Orbiting Laboratory Declassified: Inside a US Military Space Station

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S.
Blog: Facebook
Date: 14 Jul 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#27 Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#28 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#29 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S

more FS and followon trivia ... totally different than 370 and going
to completely replace 370 ... 370 efforts were being shutdown (and
lack of 370 products is credited with giving clone processors market
foothold). Then when FS crashes, there was mad rush to get stuff back
into 370 product pipelines; 3033 & 3081 were kicked off in parallel;
3033 was Q&D 168-3 logic mapped to 20% faster chips (some other tweaks
got it to 40%-50% faster) and 3081 was some warmed over FS technology
... longer discussion of FS, 3033, & 3081:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Endicotts Q&D was 138/148 (sort of equivalent to POK's Q&D 3033, but
several years earlier) and I got con'ed into helping with ECPS
(placing critical, high-use operating system pathlengths into
microcode). Low & mid-range 370s were microprocessors that simulated
370 with avg. of ten 10 native instructions for every 370
instructions. I was told that there was 6kbytes of microcode space
available and to select the 6kbytes of highest used operating system
code for dropping into microcode. This is old post with analysis of
kernel execution that highest used 6kbyte pathlengths accounted for
79.55% of CPU use (i.e. 10:1 speed up reduced it from 79.55% to 7.9%)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

About the same time I was sucked into working on first a 5-way
(i.e. 5-processor) multiprocessor implementation and then a 16-way. We
got some of the 3033 processor engineers to work on it part time and
everyone thought it was really great ... until somebody told the head
of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating
system had effective 16-way support (16-way doesn't ship until nearly
25yrs later in 2000 with z900. Then some of us were invited to never
visit POK again and the 3033 processor engineers to stop being
distracted (although I could still sneak into POK and go bike riding
with them).

5-way SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#VAMPS
SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

Enicott's follow-on to 138/148 was 4331/4341 (sort of Enicott's
equivalent to 3081, but also several years earlier). I got tasked to
do some benchmarks for LLNL on engineering 4341 (before customer ship)
that was looking at getting 70 for compute farm (sort of the leading
edge of the coming cluster supercomputer tsunami). In the early 80s, I
also did presentations on the ECPS implementation at IBM user group
meetings (SHARE and the monthly bay area meeting at SLAC). At 1981
Baybunch SLAC meetings I got lots of questions from Amdahl people who
were about ready to ship their "HYPERVISOR". One of the issues was
that high-end machines ran "horizontal microcode" that was extremely
difficult and onerous to program and very human intensive. One of the
things that happened in the 3033 time-frame, IBM started releasing
lots of little architecture tweaks (and software that wouldn't run w/o
the tweaks). Amdahl eventually responded with something called
"macrocode" ... layer below the architecture 370 interface, was very
similar to 370 programming and ran effectively as fast as horizontal
microcode ... and orders of magnitude easier to program. As a result,
Amdahl could track the multitude of architecture tweaks much faster
than IBM could create them (in part because IBM was still doing all
its work in horizontal microcode). In any case, Amdahl's HYPERVISOR
(basically a virtual machine subset) was being implemented in
MACROCODE.

Once the 3033 was out the door (1977), the 3033 processor engineers
start work on Trout "1.5" (which becomes 3090) overlapped with 3081
... some trout email archived in old posts ... from 18nov1983 ... 3090
first customer ship isn't until nov1985.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#email831118

3081 had SIE ... larger than original VMASSIST but not as much
HYPERVISOR ... however SIE was originally only for internal MVS/XA
development and never intended to ship to customers. One of the issues
in the 3081 implementation was there was limited microcode space and
to enter/exit SIE required paging/swaping microcode (high overhead,
high latency operation). This is even old email that 3090 was going to
have a high performance SIE for production operation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#email810630

In any case, the 3090 engineers never anticipated that they would have
to go head-to-head against Amdahl's HYPERVISOR. When they did, it was
a significantly harder problem since they were programming in very low
level horizontal microcode. They were able to use lots of the SIE
implementation ... but had to write a whole lot more code in the
low-level, difficult horizontal microcode ... which took quite awhile
to develop before they were able to ship. PR/SM didn't ship until
1988, long after Amdahl's HYPERVISOR (1981)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PR/SM

As part of helping with 138/148, Endicott also sucks me into running
around the world doing presentation for business planners &
forecasters. At the time, US regions would say that with the IBM name,
it would sell some percentage more than previous models. However world
trade said that w/o additional features it would not sell (because of
increased clone competition).

Endicott said that in the US, they had to repeat forecasts because,
people doing forecasts would do whatever corporate said was strategic
and got promotions (and if they were wrong, manufacturing plants "ate"
the difference). In world trade, countries ordered based on forecast,
and if they were wrong, the country "ate" the difference (and
forecasters could get fired)

posts mentioning macrocode:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#3 Is Microsoft becoming folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#58 Was MVS/SE designed to confound Amdahl?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#68 Linear search vs. Binary search
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#27 World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#46 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#17 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#20 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#19 DG Nova 1200 as console
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#100 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#161 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#44 John Titor was right? IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#37 IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#46 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#43 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#54 Here's a horrifying thought for all you management types

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Suggestion Awards

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Suggestion Awards
Blog: Facebook
Date: 14 Jul 2018

When IBM sent out directive that all computer files be given
individual security classifications ... I submitted suggestion that
instead of classifying CMS files as individual entities ... that CMS
areas be treated more like OS/360 PDS files (and the files within CMS
areas be treated like PDS members). It was rejected and then two
months later new directive specifying my suggestion. I assumed it was
just another IBM revenge/retaliation.


Date: 01/11/84 15:55:53
From: wheeler
re: data set classification;

In the past the data set classification requirement (apparently
growing out of some OS based "mind"), when applied to CMS, has been
interpreted as "meaning" mini-disk, rather than CMS file.

In general, a CMS mini-disk corresponds to more closely to an OS PDS
and would therefor be the closest analogy when attempting to translate
the regulations from an OS oriented "reality" to a CMS oriented world.

As of this time, I'm not aware of any requirement for OS to
individually classify members within a PDS ... just to classify the
data-set itself. When applied to TSO, it would mean that TSO users
would only have to classify the data set ... not each individual data
set member. A CMS mini-disk is closer in use and function to an OS
pds/file ... than is individual CMS files are. Individual CMS files,
in almost all cases, are analogous to OS PDS members than they are to
OS files (for which the regulations were originally written).

Some where in the past 2-4 years, it would appear that people who
didn't understand the environment in which the regulations where
original written have mis-translated their application to the CMS
environment. Prior to this time, the classification requirement has
been applied the mini-disk, not an individual CMS file. In the latest
go around, possibly because CMS files are called "files" (a word which
can be interpreted as one of the possible synonyms for data sets)
... the regulations are being mis-applied by a larger number of
people.

In actual practice (dis-regarding all the possible interpretations and
semantics associated with the individual words), CMS files are
functionally equivalent to OS PDS data-set members ... not OS
data-sets. It is mini-disks (not CMS files) which are functionally
equivalent OS data-sets.

Within the structure of the OS environment ... and the purpose for
which the classification regulations were promulgated, the objective
was to cross-check that the installed security procedures were
appropriate to the security level of the data. The OS environment
provides password and access authorization at the data-set level
... and so the regulations stipulated that the classification of each
data-set was required, in order to verify that the appropriate
security measures were applied to each of the data sets. As far as I
know, nothing has been promulgated which requires classification of
individual members within each OS PDS data-set ... specifically
because it would be a time-consuming exercise ... serving no useful
function.

Within the CMS environment, the security "unit" that has password
and/or access control is the mini-disk ... NOT A CMS FILE. Application
of the classification regulation can only be justified in being
applied to each mini-disk ... NOT EACH CMS FILE. A cms file does not
represent a security "unit" ... that characteristic only applies to a
mini-disk. Requiring the classification of each individual CMS file is
analogous to requiring the classification of each individual OS PDS
member ... it is a useless, make-work, time-consuming exercise. If, in
fact, the regulation is currently being mis-interpreted, a cost saving
SUGGESTION should be submitted ... since it is relatively easy to
PROVE the incorrect application of the regulation in this instance
... and if the practice is wide spread, the savings to the corporation
would be substantial in people-time-dollars saved through-out the
corporation. Who ever authored such a suggestion could be do a
substantial $$$ SUGGESTION AWARD.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

The suggestion was rejected saying that the original corporate
directive requiring that each data set have security classification
because that was the unit of security access ... and CMS files were
equivalent. Three months later they changed the ruling that since CMS
minidisks are the unit of security access ... that CMS minidisks have
security classification (and not each individual CMS files).

past ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" Policy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation
Blog: Facebook
Date: 15 Jul 2018

12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/13/us/politics/mueller-indictment-russian-intelligence-hacking.html

Russian agents allegedly used Bitcoin to fund the DNC hack
https://www.technologyreview.com/the-download/611648/russian-agents-allegedly-used-bitcoin-to-fund-the-dnc-hack/
America's indictment of Russian hackers underlines the cyber risks
facing US politics
https://www.technologyreview.com/the-download/611649/americas-indictment-of-russian-hackers-underlines-the-cyber-risks-facing-us/
Mueller indicts 12 Russians for DNC hack, election interference
https://fcw.com/articles/2018/07/13/russia-cyber-indictments.aspx
Mueller Probe Yields Hacking Indictments for 12 Russian Military
Officers GRU hackers used bitcoin to fund US computer network
infrastructure supporting and hiding the operation.
https://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/mueller-probe-yields-hacking-indictments-for-12-russian-military-officers/d/d-id/1332297
Justice Dept. indicts 12 Russian spies over 2016 DNC hack; The 12
indictments were sought by US special counsel Robert Mueller.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/justice-dept-indicts-democratic-national-committee-hackers/
What the Latest Mueller Indictment Reveals About Guccifer 2.0, the
"Lone Hacker" Who Was Really a Group of Russian Agents
https://slate.com/technology/2018/07/the-mueller-indictment-and-guccifer-2-0-what-we-now-know.html
Indictment bombshell: 'Kremlin intel agents' hacked, leaked Hillary's
emails same day Trump asked Russia for help; Charges filed against
dozen suspected Russian spies
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/07/13/russians_election_tampering/
Russia Indictment 2.0: What to Make of Mueller's Hacking Indictment
https://www.lawfareblog.com/russia-indictment-20-what-make-muellers-hacking-indictment
Mueller indictment: Read the full charges against Russia's GRU
intelligence agency
https://www.fastcompany.com/90202249/mueller-indictment-read-the-full-charges-against-russias-gru-intelligence-agency
US charges 12 Russian hackers tied to DNC cyberattacks; The
indictments are part of special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation
into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election.
https://www.cnet.com/news/us-charges-12-russian-hackers-tied-to-dnc-cyberattack/

even our military networks leak like sieve, adversaries dance through
them, snarfing up detailed designs of nearly all major weapon systems

Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by
Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons
Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by
hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html

I've done a lot of work on financial electronic security. Long ago and
faw away we were brought in as consultants to small client/server
startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, the
startup had also invented this technology they wanted to use, the
result is frequently called "electronic commerce". I had absolute
authority over everything between servers and the payment network
gateways, but could only make recommendations on the browser/server
side, some of which were almost immediately violated which continue to
account for some number of exploits. Over the years I've gotten along
much better with the assurance people up at Ft. Meade than the SIGINT
people (in part because I don't like backdoors, vulnerabilities,
and/or exploits). This is old reference to TD to DDI (for information
assurance directorate) was running a panel on assurance in the trusted
computing track at IDF and had me give a talk. For a few years, I said
I was taking one of their $500 milspec chips, cost reducing by 2-3
orders of magnitude (cents instead of dollars) while making it more
secure (this was big financial threat to the to beltway bandits and
gov. contracts that collected enormous sums for "security" work). gone
404, but lives on at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp%2bs13

Part of the issue was enormous parts of gov. that have been outsourced
to for-profit beltway bandits (especially those owned by private
equity companies that had employed prominent politicians to lobby
congress) ... intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and somewhere along the line realized that they make great deal more
money from failures, vulnerabilities, threats, etc, the rapidly
spreading success of failure culture, especially involving
cyber:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
another reference (including acquiring beltway bandit that will employ
Snowden)
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
lots of cyber security dating back to when I was undergraduate in the
60s, used by these guys ... but I didn't learn about them until much
later
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

another reference (including acquiring beltway bandit that will employ
Snowden)
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster.

... snip ...

some past history: AMEX was in competition with KKR for private-equity
LBO take-over of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into some trouble and with
RJR and hires away AMEX president to help turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM is then gone into the red and was being organized into "13 baby
blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. gone behind
paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
The board then brings in the former AMEX president, who uses some of
the same techniques used at RJR:
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
then the former AMEX president leaves IBM to becomes head of one of
the largest private-equity companies

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
AMEX president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

old grudges, Computers, anyone?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: old grudges, Computers, anyone?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 15 Jul 2018 12:34:23 -0700

J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

You mean like the US and the Soviet Union were.

I've seen another version of this--"When choosing an ally, two
questions are crucial, can he shoot and will he aim at my enemy".

recent thread elsewhere

"WWII was won with British intelligence, American steel and Russian
blood"
https://www.reddit.com/r/AskHistorians/comments/27eufq/wwii_was_won_with_british_intelligence_american/

on the other side, John Foster Dulles played major role in German
industry and military from the 20s up through the early 40s ... as
agent for wallstreet banks and major

The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World
War
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan &
Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there,
including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and
General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active
regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria
with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do
business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at
NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad
reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they
approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with
Christianity, part of the result by the early 50s was adding "in god
we trust" to money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

later John Foster Dulles (during McCarthy era) has been quoted that he
wasn't building up Germany because he making enormous amounts of money
from it, but so that Germany could stand as counter to communism.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 15 Jul 2018 12:49:17 -0700

JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:

Well, Stalin had been screaming and grouching about the Allies not
helping him. Soviets lost lots more troops and civilians than the
other Allies did. He invaded Manchuria as an attempt to grab more land
for him. FDR and Churchill didn't really want him in that area that
late in the war.

US still believed that they needed Soviets to help defeat Japan (Stalin
agreed to help US with Japan after Germany had been defeated). Soviets
had 1.5M troops in Manchuria against almost million Japanese troops
... that compares with Okinawa where the US had 600k military against
76,000 Japanese.

Soviet invasion of Manchuria
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_invasion_of_Manchuria
Soviet-Japanese War
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet%E2%80%93Japanese_War

At the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Stalin agreed to Allied pleas
to enter World War II's Pacific Theater within three months of the end
of the war in Europe.

... snip ...

Lots of this was respun during the McCarthy era ...

recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#37 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: Trump

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: Trump
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 15 Jul 2018 13:21:02 -0700

J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

Where is "here"?  In the United States hospitals are for the most part
businesses, either independent or owned by corporations.  If a
hospital is "redundant" then it will just go broke for lack of income.

It sounds like you're describing another downside to government-run
medicine.

during the S&L crises, the industry got such a bad reputation that they
changed the name to private equity and "junk bonds" became "high
yield" bonds.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

start of the century that started moving in on beltway bandits and gov.
contractors ... putting heavy pressure on their purchases to cut
corners every way possible in order to push up more money to their
owners
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George
H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III
on its employee roster.

then they started to move into health care, buying up hospitals and
medical practices (looking to squeeze every dollar possible, like they
had in other sectors). Similar to having high profile politicians for
lobbying on outsourcing gov ... they've similarly used them for all
sorts of subsidies. A primary feature of health care reform for the past
couple decades has been "single payer". There was news coverage during
the leading up to ACA, after a series of "secret" (or at least
non-publicized) lobbying meetings, "single payer" magically evaported
from ACA.

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

a few recent posts mentioning private equity and health care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#63 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#97 In American Towns, Private Profits From Public Works
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#110 The top 50 hospitals that gouge patients the most
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#99 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#41 Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#29 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#31 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#34 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: Trump

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: Trump
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 15 Jul 2018 13:43:19 -0700

J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

Actually this is business schools that teach that a manager's duty is
to make as much money as he can for the shareholders.  Too many of
them interpret this as "make as much short term profit as you can"
instead of "grow the company".

Why the "Maximizing Shareholder Value" Theory of Corporate Governance is
Bogus
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of
corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a
stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of
things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And
there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty
of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific
obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those
responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in
particular.

... snip ...

more "We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil
RIghts"
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pg245/loc3881-87:

The notion that corporations should devote themselves to maximizing
profits is often taken to be one of the bedrock principles of
corporate law and governance. In the early history of corporations,
however, business corporations were much different; as Blackstone
wrote in his Commentaries, corporations could only be formed if they
served public purposes. Today, in part because of the Dartmouth
College case, that rule no longer applies, and modern business
corporations are considered private entities that need not serve any
explicitly public objective.

... snip ...

More recently they've managed to invert the role, business schools
teach how to monopolize markets and use patents to control innovation
and change, preserving status quo. The Price of Inequality: How
Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future (Joseph E. Stiglitz)
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create,
barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help
ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see,
some of the most important innovations in business in the last three
decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on
how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent
government regulations intended to align social returns and private
rewards.

... snip ...

Reagan's budget director wrote a book about how the rise in stock
buybacks after the turn of the century is part of enormous corporate
graft and corruption; stock buybacks use to be illegal because they were
found to be an easy way for fraudulently manupulating the market (but
fraud has now become the major theme in the US) ... "The Great
Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" ... even
IBM seems to be doing more of it than anything else
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on
steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company
spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure
that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year
period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The history of the MONITOR tops-10)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The history of the MONITOR tops-10)
Newsgroups: alt.sys.pdp10,alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 15 Jul 2018 14:02:52 -0700

John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:

OS/360 QSAM worked pretty much the same way, device I/O in and out of
a ring of user space buffers.  This shows up in the PL/I LOCATE mode
for file I/O, where it gives you a pointer to the record it just read
or that you are about to write.

I suppose it still does in z/OS although these days it's likely all
faked with copies from memory mapped buffers since modern disks don't
have variable sized records like CKD disks did.

z/OS still requires CKD disks ... even tho they haven't been made for
decades, emulated (out in the hardware, not back in the system software)
on industry standard fixed block disks. Array/disk controllers have CKD
configuration setups as to simulated disks specified as some variation
on 3380CKD and/or 3390CKD ... simulate 3380 or 3390 track size, simulate
3380 or 3390 tracks per cylinder ... but are allowed to specify number
of cylinders (from much less than any real 3380/3390 to significantly
more than any real 3380/3390).

Even when there were real disks that claimed to be CKD ... there were
already moving to fixed-sized cells (as part of error
detecting/correcting) and number of records/track calculations included
rounding record size up to cell size.

significantly cutting storage requirements, os/360 i/o applications
libraries included building channel programs in user space ...  and then
passing pointer to the (application built) channel program via
EXCP/SVC0. when os/360 moved to virtual memory, EXCP processing faced
the same problem that virtual machine cp67/vm370 faced ... channel
programs required real addresses ... and the application channel
programs were all virtual addresses. The initial OS360 EXCP
implementation for virtual memory borrowed CP67's CCWTRANS which builds
copy of the passed channel program, substituting real addresses for the
virtaul (and some fiddling when buffer crosses non-contiguous page
boundary).

old posts discussing real & concocted (emulated) 3390 models
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#19 Hard disks, one year ago today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#28 backup hard drive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#21 3390-81
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#3 MTS, Emacs, and... WYLBUR?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#33 Internal DASD Pathing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#37 Writing 23FDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#57 Graph of total world disk space over time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#17 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#37 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#42 IBM etc I/O channels?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 15 Jul 2018 18:27:11 -0700

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

US still believed that they needed Soviets to help defeat Japan (Stalin
agreed to help US with Japan after Germany had been defeated). Soviets
had 1.5M troops in Manchuria against almost million Japanese troops
... that compares with Okinawa where the US had 600k military against
76,000 Japanese.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#34 oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?

American Caesar: Douglas MacArthur 1880 - 1964
https://www.amazon.com/American-Caesar-Douglas-MacArthur-1880-ebook/dp/B000SEP9OK/
loc8573-76:

Later Yalta would bring out the worst in FDR's critics, but at the time
it seemed that he and Churchill had won more concessions from Stalin
than anyone had any right to expect. He secretly agreed to join the
anti-Japanese coalition. In return, in the Far East the Soviet Union
would be given certain privileges in Manchuria, the Kuril Islands, and
northern Korea; and recognition of Outer Mongolia's autonomy. Except for
the Kurils, the Russians were given nothing they couldn't have had for
the taking.

... snip ...

Stilwell and the American Experience in China: 1911-1945
https://www.amazon.com/Stilwell-American-Experience-China-1911-1945-ebook/dp/B00KUQITNE/
loc11110-13:

Roosevelt's concessions at Yalta were reckoned in terms of American
lives. He had to give something, for as Stalin frankly said, why should
Russia join the war against Japan if she were not to get anything for
it?

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning giving china to the communists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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