List of Archived Posts

2018 Newsgroup Postings (09/13 - )

IBM's 3033
Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
IBM ESCON
Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
These Four Predicted The Global Financial Crisis; Here's What They Think Causes The Next One
As Debt Rises, the Government Will Soon Spend More on Interest Than on the Military
The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits
A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks
A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
IBM mainframe today
IBM today
IBM today
A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
IBM Z and cloud
IBM Z and cloud
IBM mainframe today
A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
IBM today
A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
Financial Sector Data Breaches Soar Despite Heavy Security Spending
LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
America's new aristocracy lives in an accountability-free zone
LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
US Auto Industry
Banking via home computers/internet is a disaster for the computer world
IBM Disks
The rise and fall of IBM
OT: Postal Service seeks record price hikes to bolster falling revenues
Banking via home computers/internet is a disaster for the computer world
The rise and fall of IBM
The U.S. Needs to Crack Down on White-Collar Crime
The U.S. Needs to Crack Down on White-Collar Crime
America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
The Great Depression II
SCP of file to USS from Mac is corrupted
The Great Depression II
The Great Depression II
Why Finance Is Too Important to Leave to Larry Summers
How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
"It Will Not End Well" - How Gibson's Paradox Has Been Buried
How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
PC Personal Computing Market
More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think
All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
online computer conferencing, was: System level coding examples
PROFS, email, 3270
PC Personal Computing Market
Too Rich to Jail
DASD Development
So much for THAT excuse | Computerworld SHARK TANK
1970s school compsci curriculum--what would you do?
1970s school compsci curriculum--what would you do?
Lawmakers Leak Plan For $3 Billion Pension-Fund Bailout
LRU ... "global" vs "local"
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Why General Motors Is Cutting Over 14,000 Workers
Economic Mess Prosecution
Economic Mess Prosecution
IBM Suits
The Bushes: Fathers and Sons
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Jean Sammet — Designer of COBOL – A Computer of One's Own – Medium
Trump is reportedly not worried about a massive US debt crisis as he'll be out of office by then
How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
CP67 & EMAIL history
The Bushes: Fathers and Sons
Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
A Short History Of Corporations
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Bernie Madoff's Legacy: Whistleblower Inc.; A decade after Madoff's arrest, an industry of bounty-hunting tipsters aims to cash in on the next big fraud
Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
Trump administration appointee quits lobbying for Saudi Arabia
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
ACS360 and FS
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
IBM Career
America's janky payment system, explained
Christian nationalists are trying to seize power -- but progressives have a plan to fight back

IBM's 3033

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM's 3033
Date: 13 Sept 2018
Blog: Facebook

IBM's 3033
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/3033/3033_intro.html

For example, the 3033's first customer -- Singer Company -- which
processed more than 80,000 computing jobs a month at its corporate
data center in Wayne, N.J., found that its new 3033 immediately
provided greater computing capability at then prevailing cost levels
while at the same time supporting the introduction of future data
processing applications, such as a company-wide online reporting
system.

... snip ...

IBM very carefully controlled shipping order by date order
received. The first 3033 was going to be installed in vm370 account
which was going to be great loss of face for POK's favorite son
operating system MVS. Since they couldn't fiddle the shipping order
... but they managed to fiddle the delivery of the machines, so that
the first installation was a MVS customer

With the failure of Future System, there was mad rush to get products
back into the 370 pipeline (370 efforts being shutdown during FS, lack
of 370 offerings during the FS period was credited with giving clone
processor makers market foothold, during this period salesforce had to
maximize their FUD marketing skills). Kicked off in parallel were
quick&dirty 303x and 3081 (XA) efforts. POK also managed to
convince corporate to kill off the vm370 product, shutdown the
burlington mall development group and move everybody to POK to work on
MVS/XA (otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't be able to ship on time).
Eventually, Endicott managed to save the vm/370 product mission, but
had to reconstitute a vm370 development group from scratch.

For 303x, They took 370/158 engine with just integrated channel
microcode and made it 303x external channel processor. A 3031 was a
370/158 engine with just 370 microcode (and no integrated channel
microcode) and a 2nd 370/158 (channel director) with just the
integrated channel microcode (and no 370 microcode). A 3032 was
370/168 engine using 303x (370/158 engine) for external channels. 3033
started out 168 logic remapped to 20% faster chips, other hacks got it
up to 4.5mips (around 50% faster than 168-3). Other FS, 3033, 3081
detail
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
Blog: Facebook
Date: 13 Sep 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#109 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#110 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#114 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers

Ten Years After the Crash, We've Learned Nothing. The great
financial catastrophe of our times is still badly misunderstood, and
led to grotesque consequences, including the election of Donald Trump
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-features/financial-crisis-ten-year-anniversary-723798/

Paulson knew as well as anyone. Treasury and the other regulators
received ample warning. Take the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), a
regulatory arm of Treasury that happened to oversee two of the worst
basket-cases, Washington Mutual and AIG. According to Bean, the OTS
observed and ignored more than 500 deficiencies in mortgage practices
just at WaMu in the years before the crash.

... snip ...

The U.S. Financial Crisis
https://www.cfr.org/timeline/us-financial-crisis

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president
and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L
crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime,
proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ESCON

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM ESCON
Blog: Facebook
Date: 14 Sep 2018

1980, STL was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people
from the IMS group to offsite bldg (with service back into STL
datacenter). They had tried "remote 3270", but found the human factors
totally unacceptable. I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support
... so they can have local channel-attached controllers at the remote
bldg (and not able to tell the difference between human factors in
house STL and at the off-site bldg). The hardware vendor tries to get
IBM to release my support, but there is group in POK playing with some
fiber stuff got it vetoed. In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL (national
lab) standardize some serial stuff they are playing with, which
quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (including some stuff that I
did in 1980). Finally the POK stuff is released in 1990 as ESCON with
ES/9000 when it is already obsolete (half-duplex, lucky if it gets
17mbytes/sec, FCS full-duplex, aggregate 200mbytes/sec). Later some
POK engineers get involved with FCS and define a FCS heavy-weight
protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput, that is
eventually released as FICON. Most recent published peak I/O benchmark
was z196 that used 104 FICON to get 2M IOPS. About the same time, a
FCS was announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two
such FCS getting higher throughput than 104 FCS running with FICON
protocol).

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
Blog: Facebook
Date: 14 Sep 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#109 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#110 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#114 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#1 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers

10 Years After Lehman. And Nothing Has Been Fixed
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-09-14/10-years-after-lehman-and-nothing-has-been-fixed

1999, I'm asked to help prevent the coming economic mess, some
investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, where
then doing Internet IPO mills (invest a few millions, hype, ipo for a
few billion, should fail to leave the field clear for next round), and
were predicted to get into securitize mortgages. I was to help improve
the integrity of supporting documents as countermeasure. They then
start paying rating agencies for triple-A (when the rating agencies
knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional
hearing). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start
doing no-documentation, liar loans. Triple-A significantly contributes
to being able to do over $27T 2001-2008, including selling to
institutions restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like
large pension funds).

Triple-A allows them to sell off everything as fast as they could be
made and eliminates any reason to care about borrower's qualifications
or loan quality. Then they find that they can design securitize
mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell-off into the market and take
out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand
for dodgy loans/mortgages, now they care about borrower's
qualifications, but not in traditional way). The largest holder of the
CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on
the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document
that they can't sue those making the bets and to take TARP funds to
pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and
the large recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed
by SECTREAS.

The rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future
ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, but it
required SEC to do something. Possibly because GAO didn't believe they
were doing anything they started doing reports of public company
fraudulent financial reports, even showing they increased after SOX
goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Less well known is that
SOX also required SEC to do something about rating agencies, but they
did about as much about rating agencies as they did about public
company fraudulent financial reports.

The #2 person on times list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

was responsible for GLBA ... known for repeal of Glass-Steagall (head
of CITI had enlisted SECTREAS to help with the repeal, the SECTREAS
then resigns and joins CITI after he helps get the repeal
going). However, #2 is on the list for legislation preventing CDS
gambling bets from being regulated.

The chair of CFTC proposed regulating the CDS gambling bets, the chair
was then quickly replaced with #2's wife ... while he got provision
added to the law to prevent regulation (originally referred to as gift
to ENRON). When that was done, #2's wife resigned and joined the ENRON
board and audit committee. Gramm and the 'Enron Loophole'
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html

Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and
Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined
after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading
Commission.

... snip ...

Phil Gramm's Enron Favor .. gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/

A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy
Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its
board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which
oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this,
the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and
dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in
attendance fees

... snip ...

Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
financial.reporting.fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
Blog: Facebook
Date: 14 Sep 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#109 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#110 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#114 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#1 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#3 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers

They were the regulators that watched it happen ... and then covered
up for those responsible.

The Policymakers Saved the Financial System. And America Never Forgave
Them.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/12/upshot/financial-crisis-recession-recovery.html

Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a
President.
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM
debt strategy against the American public. other references were about
new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et
al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him
elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the
too big to fail accountable, which would have likely taken down
most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that
wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
Blog: Facebook
Date: 15 Sep 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#109 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#110 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#114 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#1 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#3 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#4 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers

Double Whammy: Implicit Subsidies and the Great Financial Crisis
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/09/double-whammy-implicit-subsidies-great-financial-crisis.html

Jan2009 (decade after asked to try and help prevent the coming
economic mess), I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s
senate hearings into '29 crash that resulted in Glass-Steagall
and criminal convictions, had been the scanned fall2008 at Boston
Public Library) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what
happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new
congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile
and then get a call saying that it won't be needed after all
(references to capital hill totally buried under enormous mountains of
wallstreet cash).

Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

These Four Predicted The Global Financial Crisis; Here's What They Think Causes The Next One

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: These Four Predicted The Global Financial Crisis; Here's What They Think Causes The Next One
Blog: Facebook
Date: 15 Sep 2018

These Four Predicted The Global Financial Crisis; Here's What They
Think Causes The Next One
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-09-14/next-financial-collapse-according-4-who-called-last-one

1999, I'm asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we
failed), some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L
crises, where then doing Internet IPO mills (invest a few millions,
hype, ipo for a few billion, should fail to leave the field clear for
next round), and were predicted to get into securitize mortgages. I
was to help improve the integrity of supporting documents as
countermeasure. They then start paying rating agencies for
triple-A (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A,
from Oct2008 congressional hearing). Triple-A trumps supporting
documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar
loans. Triple-A significantly contributes to being able to do over
$27T 2001-2008, including selling to institutions restricted to only
dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds).

Triple-A allows them to sell off everything as fast as they could be
made and eliminates any reason to care about borrower's qualifications
or loan quality. Then they find that they can design securitize
mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell-off into the market and take
out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand
for dodgy loans/mortgages, now they care about borrower's
qualifications, but not in traditional way). The largest holder of the
CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on
the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document
that they can't sue those making the bets and to take TARP funds to
pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and
the large recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed
by SECTREAS.

The rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future
ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, but it
required SEC to do something. Possibly because GAO didn't believe they
were doing anything they started doing reports of public company
fraudulent financial reports, even showing they increased after SOX
goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Less well known is that
SOX also required SEC to do something about rating agencies, but they
did about as much about rating agencies as they did about public
company fraudulent financial reports.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarbanes%E2%80%93Oxley_Act

The #2 person on times list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
was responsible for GLBA ... known for repeal of Glass-Steagall
(head of CITI had enlisted SECTREAS to help with the repeal, the
SECTREAS then resigns and joins CITI after he helps get the repeal
going).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gramm%E2%80%93Leach%E2%80%93Bliley_Act
However, #2 is on the list for legislation preventing CDS gambling
bets from being regulated.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodity_Futures_Modernization_Act_of_2000
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/wallstreet/

The chair of CFTC proposed regulating the CDS gambling bets,
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/warning/
the chair was then quickly replaced with #2's wife ... while he got
provision added to the law to prevent regulation (originally referred
to as gift to ENRON). When that was done, #2's wife resigned and
joined the ENRON board and audit committee. Gramm and the 'Enron
Loophole'
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html

Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and
Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined
after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading
Commission.

... snip ...

Phil Gramm's Enron Favor .. gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/

A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy
Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its
board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which
oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this,
the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and
dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in
attendance fees

... snip ...

Jan2009 (decade after asked to try and help prevent the coming
economic mess), I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s
senate hearings into '29 crash that resulted in Glass-Steagall
and criminal convictions) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between
what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new
congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile
and then get a call saying that it won't be needed after all
(references to capital hill totally buried under enormous mountains of
wallstreet cash).

Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
financial.reporting.fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

The Next Financial Calamity Is Coming. Here's What to Watch.
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/09/12/business/the-next-recession-financial-crisis.html
Seth Klarman: These Are The 20 Forgotten Lessons From The 2008 Crisis
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-09-14/seth-klarman-these-are-20-forgotten-lessons-2008-crisis
Ten Misconceptions About Financial Crisis on 10-Year Anniversary
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2018-09-14/ten-misconceptions-about-financial-crisis-on-10-year-anniversary
Lehman's Fall Cast a Long, Risky Banking Shadow
https://www.bloomberg.com/amp/view/articles/2018-09-14/lehman-brothers-collapse-rise-of-shadow-banking
Financial panic and credit disruptions in the 2007-09 crisis
https://www.brookings.edu/blog/ben-bernanke/2018/09/13/financial-panic-and-credit-disruptions-in-the-2007-09-crisis/
The Makings of a 2020 Recession and Financial Crisis by Nouriel
Roubini & Brunello Rosa
https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/financial-crisis-in-2020-worse-than-2008-by-nouriel-roubini-and-brunello-rosa-2018-09
What We Should Have Learned From the 2008 Financial Crisis
https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2018-09-13/crisis-next-time
Ten years after Lehman's collapse, a massive trader default in Norway
has stunned markets again
https://qz.com/1390227/ten-years-after-lehmans-collapse-a-massive-trader-default-in-norway-has-stunned-markets-again/

Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/09/pigs-want-to-feed-at-the-trough-again-bernanke-geithner-and-paulson-use-crisis-anniversary-to-ask-for-more-bailout-powers.html
Ten Years After Lehman's Collapse: What caused the Crash of 2008 is
now shaping our post-modern 1930s - der Freitag
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-09-10/10-years-later-lehman-still-shaping-our-post-modern-1930s-moment
The Real Cost of the 2008 Financial Crisis
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/09/17/the-real-cost-of-the-2008-financial-crisis
Ten Years Since Lehman: Biggest Driver of 2008 Financial Crisis Has
Only Got Worse
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-09-11/ten-years-lehman-biggest-driver-2008-financial-crisis-has-only-got-worse
The 2008 financial crisis upturned politics - and it's not done yet
https://moneyweek.com/494638/the-2008-financial-crisis-upturned-politics-and-its-not-done-yet/
The U.S. Financial Crisis
https://www.cfr.org/timeline/us-financial-crisis
10 Years After Lehman. And Nothing Has Been Fixed
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-09-14/10-years-after-lehman-and-nothing-has-been-fixed
Double Whammy: Implicit Subsidies and the Great Financial Crisis
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/09/double-whammy-implicit-subsidies-great-financial-crisis.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

As Debt Rises, the Government Will Soon Spend More on Interest Than on the Military

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: As Debt Rises, the Government Will Soon Spend More on Interest Than on the Military
Blog: Facebook
Date: 25 Sep 2018

As Debt Rises, the Government Will Soon Spend More on Interest Than on the Military
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/25/business/economy/us-government-debt-interest.html

2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending
can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal
debt). By 2005, comptroller general was including in speeches that
nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how
badly they were savaging the budget). 2010, CBO office report
2003-2009 tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for
$12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were
cut to not pay for two wars).

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

TARP funds were justified by the SECTREAS to buy offbook toxic assets
to bail out the financial institutions (from the mess they made last
decade), but with only $700B appropriated and just the four largest
Too Big To Fail still carrying $5.2T ye2008 (over $27T done
2001-2008), it wouldn't have hardly dented the problem and TARP was
used for other purposes. The Federal Reserve is left to do the real
"bailout", buying trillions in their assets and providing tens of
trillions in ZIRP funds. The FEDRES fought long legal battle to
prevent disclosing the "real bailout" and when they lost, the FEDRES
chair held press conference. He said that he assumed that the TBTF
would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he
had no way to force them, but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds ... used
to buy US Treasuries (aka debt) and make >$300B/annum on the
spread. Note that FEDRES chair had supposedly been selected in part on
being a depression era scholar ... but the FEDRES had tried something
similar then with the same results, so the chair should have had no
reasonable expectation of something different this time. Note that it
doesn't work w/o huge federal debt ... it was sort of confluence of
FEDRES and TBTF needed huge federal debt, special interests wanting
huge tax cut and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending
increase.

TARP addenda ... original finding that they could pay for triple-A
rating for securitized mortgages (when rating agencies knew they
weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings) and
immediately sell off everything into the bond market (including to
entities restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments, like large
pension funds) eliminated having to care about borrower's
qualifications or loan quality ... doing no-documentation, liar loans
to speed up the process. Then they find that they can do securitize
mortgages/loans designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell into the bond
market, and take out CDS gambling bets they would fail, creating huge
demands for dodgy mortgages. Now they cared about borrower's
qualification, but not in the traditional way. The largest holder of
CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on
the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in, has them sign a document that
they can't sue those making the bets and take TARP funds to pay off at
face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest
recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by
SECTREAS.

Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits.
Blog: Facebook
Date: 26 Sep 2018

The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person,
companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance
limits.
https://www.theinvestigativefund.org/investigation/2018/09/07/the-llc-loophole/?platform=hootsuite

But none of the donations came from Breslin Realty itself. They came
instead from a network of 22 limited liability companies that, though
all controlled by Breslin, legally operate as separate individuals and
so, under New York state's campaign finance laws, can each donate the
individual maximum to political campaigns.

... snip ...

Amazon.com: Treasure Islands: Uncovering the Damage of Offshore
Banking and Tax Havens
https://www.amazon.com/Treasure-Islands-Uncovering-Offshore-Banking-ebook/dp/B004OA6420/
references corporations are people and can vote in City of London, 32k
corporate voters and 9k human voters.

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
Originally, US corporations were entities that operate in public
interest, but then certain factions wanted those rights extended to
entities that can operate in self interest as well "people" rights
under constitution.

pg36/loc726-28:

On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of
corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights
for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of
corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of
the people.

pg120|loc1975-78:

The railroad corporations were constitutional first movers who
employed innovative tactics to secure new rights. They envisioned the
lawsuits as a form of strategic litigation, or what their lawyers
called "test cases," to determine whether corporations had the same
rights as ordinary people to equal protection and due process under
the Fourteenth Amendment.

... snip ...

Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/

Loc5080-83:

Hamilton wanted the bank to be funded by federal deposits but run, in
part, for the benefit of private investors. Jefferson and Madison
objected. 29 They feared that the Hamiltonian program would enable
financial speculators to benefit from commercial transactions made
possible by government funds.

... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
Blog: Facebook
Date: 26 Sep 2018

A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
Steam
http://time.com/5356045/constitutional-convention-tea-party/

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
Originally, US corporations were entities that operate in public
interest, but then certain factions wanted those rights extended to
entities that can operate in self interest as well "people" rights
under constitution.

pgxiv/loc74-78:

Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a
scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by
the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the
rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with
the rights of corporations.

pgxviii/loc132-36:

For most of American history, the Supreme Court failed to protect the
dispossessed and the marginalized, with the justices claiming to be
powerless in the face of hostile public sentiment. As we will see,
however, the court's record on corporate rights was much different. In
1809, the Supreme Court decided the first case on the constitutional
rights of corporations, decades before the first comparable cases for
women or racial minorities. And unlike women and minorities, who lost
nearly all of their early cases, corporations won that first case--and
have compiled an impressive list of victories in the years since.

pg36/loc726-28:

On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of
corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights
for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of
corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of
the people.

pg120|loc1975-78:

The railroad corporations were constitutional first movers who
employed innovative tactics to secure new rights. They envisioned the
lawsuits as a form of strategic litigation, or what their lawyers
called "test cases," to determine whether corporations had the same
rights as ordinary people to equal protection and due process under
the Fourteenth Amendment.

pg229/loc3667-68:

IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS
FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE
THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.

... snip ...

Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/

loc5080-83:

Hamilton wanted the bank to be funded by federal deposits but run, in
part, for the benefit of private investors. Jefferson and Madison
objected. 29 They feared that the Hamiltonian program would enable
financial speculators to benefit from commercial transactions made
possible by government funds.

... snip ...

My wife's father was awarded a set of history books from 1880s, for
some distinction at West Point by daughters of 17th century
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org/

They reference that if hadn't been for mid-Atlantic (Jefferson,
Madison, Scottish etc) influence, the English settlers (Hamilton,
Federalists) would have prevailed and our form of government would be
more like English with monarch and structured society. The
constitution deliberations were kept confidential and when states
didn't ratified it, Jefferson was brought back from France to do the
Bill of Rights (in order to get constitution ratified). Besides Bill
of Rights, Jefferson was also major force behind making sure our
country had separation of church and state.

Note the original English settlement was Jamestown that had planned to
follow the Spanish model, military to enslave the local natives to
support the settlement. It turns out that the North American natives
weren't as cooperative and the original settlement starved. English
then switched to sending over other members of the British Isles to
serve the purpose. The crown charters for those settlements had rigid
social structure with the "leet-men" at the bottom and "All the
children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations".

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks
Blog: Facebook
Date: 30 Sep 2018

Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-09-28/why-dodd-frank-protection-racket-banks
Why Dodd-Frank Is a Protection Racket for Banks
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/09/dodd-frank-protection-racket-banks.html

In 1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess
(we failed). Decade later in Jan 2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the
Pecora Hearings (senate 30s hearings into '29 crash, resulted in
criminal convictions and jailtime) with lots of internal HREFs and
URLs between what happened this time and what happened them (comments
that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on
it for awhile and then get call that it won't be needed after all
(comments that capital hill totally buried under enormous amounts of
wall street cash).

Eventually they apparently decided that they would have to do
something. Note that one of the sponsors of Dodd-Frank is also on the
list of friends
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_.28FOA.29_VIP_program
of the number one person on Time's list of those responsible for the economic mess.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

They had industry lobbyists writing sections to kneecap and discredit
the bill:

1) sections that sounded good, but would have little or no effect on
actual business
2) sections that were extraordinarily complex and contradictory making
it impossible to create regulations
3) ridiculous sections that were leaked and then the same lobbyist
that drafted the sections would publicly criticize them.

"Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

pg430:

But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and
Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted
the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's
efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully
-- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything
settled down.

... snip ...

also has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the
EHM debt strategy against the American public. Other references were
about new president having to choose between the economic A-team
(Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting
him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the
too big to fail accountable, which would have likely taken down
most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that
wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

some other refs from the period:

Deja Vu on the Hill: Wall Street Lobbyists Roll Back Finance Reform, Again
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/deja-vu-on-the-hill-wall-street-lobbyists-roll-back-finance-reform-again-20130521
Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street (gone 404, but lives
on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20130717003250/http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
Banks' Lobbyists Help in Drafting Financial Bills
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/

Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
Blog: Facebook
Date: 30 Sep 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

Putting Democracy in Chains; Charles Koch's and the Republican
Party's War Against the US Constitution and Democracy
https://johnhively.wordpress.com/2018/09/23/putting-democracy-in-chains-charles-kochs-and-the-republican-partys-war-against-the-us-constit
Part 1: Charles Koch, the Republican Party, and Their War Against U.S. Democracy
https://johnhively.wordpress.com/2018/09/20/part-1-charles-koch-the-republican-party-and-their-war-against-u-s-democracy/

We can either have democracy in this country or we can have great
wealth concentrated in the hands of a few, but wa can not have both -
Justice Louis Brandis

... snip ....

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM mainframe today

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM mainframe today
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 01 Oct 2018 03:36:04 -0700

ted@loft.tnolan.com (Ted Nolan <tednolan>) writes:

As sort of a parallel to the "IBM Today" thread, I was wondering
what an IBM mainframe is today.  Say your business has been running
on 360/370 for decades and the building catches fire and you have
to replace it.

Does IBM still give you a big steel box that is your "mainframe"?
If so is it one chip and a lot of empty space inside or what?

this central

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017

claim is that over half the z10->z196 per processor speedup was adopting
various memory latency masking mechanisms (that have been in other
platforms for decades), out-of-order, speculative execution, branch
prediction, etc ... aka current memory latency (cache miss) when
measured in count of processor cycles is equivalent to 60s disk latency
when measured in count of 60s processor cycles.

today's systems.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_mainframe#Today's_systems

note that they still require CKD DASD, even though they haven't been
manufactured for decades, simulated on industry standard fixed-block
disks.

there is P/390 ... can get software license
ftp://p390.ibm.com/doc/p390/p390_hwd.htm
ftp://p390.ibm.com/doc/p390/p390_prh.htm
ftp://p390.ibm.com/doc/p390/p390_ovr.htm

precursor was A74/7437 by same group ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email880622
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#56 Why not an IBM zSeries workstation?

current is zPDT ... (IBM) emulator that runs on PC/Linux
http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/abstracts/sg248205.html

some history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PC-based_IBM-compatible_mainframes

other triva: I got con'ed into doing channel extender support for STL
in 1980 when they were moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite
bldg (with dataprocessing support back to STL datacenter). Hardware
vendor tried to get IBM permission to release my support ... but there
was group in POK that was playing with some serial stuff and got that
veto'ed (were afraid that if it was in the market, it would make
it harder to justify releasing their stuff) ... some past
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

then in 1988, I was asked to help LLNL get some serial stuff
they were playing with standardized ... which quickly becomes
Fibre Channel Standard (including some of the stuff I did in
1980).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel

The POK people finally get their stuff released as ESCON in 1990 (with
ES/9000) when it is already obsolete.

Then some POK engineers get involved in FCS and defined a heavy weight
protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput ... which is
eventually released as FICON. The most recent peak I/O benchmark numbers
I've seen are for z196 getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104
FCs). About the same time a FCS was announced for E5-2600 blade claiming
over million (native) IOPS (two such having more throughput than 104
FICON). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM today

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM today
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 01 Oct 2018 03:48:02 -0700

hancock4 writes:

IBM built its success on providing top notch customer support, and
charging for it.  In the early days of data processing, it was all
so new and so expensive that customers welcomed IBM's support
to get out their payroll and make good use of their very expensive
hardware.  Win win for IBM and its customers.

told periodically ... late 80s, senior disk engineer got talk scheduled
at annual, world-wide internal communication group conference supposedly
on 3174 performance, but opened the talk with the statement that the
head of the communication group was going to be responsible for the
demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group
had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of
everything that crossed datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off
distributed computing and client/server, trying to preserve their dumb
terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data
fleeing datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms
with fall in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of
solution to address the opportunity, but they were constantly being
vetoed by the communication group. The mainframe datacenter stranglehold
wasn't just affecting disk sales and a few years later the company goes
into the red.

past posts

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal look at recent IBM financials ... mainframe hardware is declining part of the business ... was 5% of revenue and dropping ... but total mainframe group (including software and services) was 25% of revenue (and 40% of bottom line) ... aka milking some very high end customers (even when they weren't buying new machines). 2000 I did some performance work for financial datacenter that was running 450k statement cobol application on over 40 max. configured mainframes (at $30M/pop) ... constantly being upgraded, none older than 18months (got 14% improvement in the cobol app, which translated into the max. number of mainframes needed). ... there are a relatively small number of these datacenters that provide the majority of the mainframe revenue -- virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM today

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM today
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 01 Oct 2018 04:01:16 -0700

J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

Why would an IBM Z made in 2018 consume more electricity than an Intel
based system of the same capacity?

You seem to be laboring under the misconception that companies that
use mainframes are using the same mainframe they installed in 1970,
when the reality is that most of them are using brand new mainframes
installed in the last 10 years or so.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#12 IBM mainframe today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#13 IBM today

industry standard server chips are under intense pressure from the large
cloud datacenters to optimize computation power efficiency. They have
been claiming for over a decade that they assemble their own servers for
1/3rd the cost of servers from brand name vendors ... possibly
motivation for IBM to have sold off that server business a couple years
ago ... especially after the server chip makers said that they were
shipping over half their product directly to large cloud
megadatacenters.

The cloud megadatacenters had so drastically reduced their server cost
(server cost/BIPS something like 1/100,000 that of IBM mainframe) that
power&cooling was becoming increasingly major cost factor ... and they
started applying significant pressure to their server chip vendors to
improve power&cooling efficiencies. Somewhat was result, industry
standard benchmarks have been expanded past cost/transaction ... to also
power-efficiency/transaction ... and power efficiency rating is now
standard for cloud megadatacenters.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
Blog: Facebook
Date: 01 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#11 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

Democratic republic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_republic

A democratic republic is a form of government operating on principles
adopted from a republic and a democracy. Rather than being a cross
between two entirely separate systems, democratic republics may
function on principles shared by both republics and democracies.

... snip ...

Is the United States of America a republic or a democracy
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/volokh-conspiracy/wp/2015/05/13/is-the-united-states-of-america-a-republic-or-a-democracy/

The United States is not a direct democracy, in the sense of a country
in which laws (and other government decisions) are made predominantly
by majority vote. Some lawmaking is done this way, on the state and
local levels, but it's only a tiny fraction of all lawmaking. But we
are a representative democracy, which is a form of democracy.

... snip ...

The 1880 history books given to West Point graduates for some
distinction by the daughters of 17th century
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org/

goes into some detail that Jefferson was brought back from France when
the constitution wasn't being ratified ... and along with Madison and
others did the "Bill of Rights", the addition was finally possible to
get the constitution ratified.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Bill_of_Rights

The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the United States
Constitution.[1] Proposed following the often bitter 1787-88 battle
over ratification of the U.S. Constitution, and crafted to address the
objections raised by Anti-Federalists, the Bill of Rights amendments
add to the Constitution specific guarantees of personal freedoms and
rights, clear limitations on the government's power in judicial and
other proceedings, and explicit declarations that all powers not
specifically delegated to Congress by the Constitution are reserved
for the states or the people

... snip ...

frequently characterized as Jefferson/populists trying to limit powers
supported by Hamilton/Federalists. As discussed in some detail: "We
the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights"
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

the Federalists have been fighting back by getting constitutional
rights extended to corporations ... corporations were originally
entities that were to operate in the public interest, this was first
compromised by removing the "operate in public interest" restriction
(i.e. allowing them to operate in self-interest) ... and then the
campaign to get constitutional rights for corporations (i.e.
corporations are "people"). Also major propaganda campaign by
corporations/industrialists after getting such a bad reputation for
the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, for equating Capitalism
with Christianity (result including adding "Under God" to the pledge
of allegiance in the early 50s)
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Z and cloud

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM Z and cloud
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Oct 2018 12:14:14 -0700

smetz3@GMU.EDU (Seymour J Metz) writes:

cloud = timesharing

Someone else deploys the infrastructure, to you it's a black box. Less
control but also less manpower. Some legal issues.

No, z/OS is not a cloud, but neither is AIX, *bsd, Linux, windows or
Solaris; it's the deployment that makes it a cloud or not a cloud. You
can have a cloud with z/OS just as much as you can have one with,
e.g., Linux.

In 1968, there were two commercial spin-offs from the IBM Cambridge
Science Center ... doing virtual machine based online (commercial)
service bureaus. One of the big issues was providing 7x24 non-stop
operation. This was in the days when IBM leased the hardware and charges
was based on number of hours per month ... based on the "system" clock
... which would run whenever any CPU and/or channel was busy (and
continue to run for 400ms after everything was idle).

There was lots of work on CP67 to reduce offshift charges when
(initially) use was light (and little revenue based on online use)
... this included dark room operation ... not requiring onsite operator
... as well as special terminal channel program that would go to sleep
when no characters were arriving ... but would immediately wake up to
accept incoming characters (allowing system clock & charges to stop when
system idle). They also fairly quickly moved up the value stream
specializing in offering services to the financial industry and had to
provide significant security features (when multiple competing financial
operations all using the same systems).

past scince center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech.

Trivia: long after IBM changed from leased to selling hardware ... MVS
still had timer event that would wake up every 400ms (to make sure
system clock never stopped).

other triva: science center also started offering its virtual machine
CP67 services to other internal IBM operations as well as (free) to
various employees and students at various institutions of higher
learning in the Cambridge/Boston area. CSC had also ported apl\360
(typically ran with 16kbyte workspace) to CMS as CMS\APL ... including
allowing workspace to be virtual address space size and offering API for
system services (like file read/write) ... greatly expanding the
real-world applications that could be done on APL. Early user was
business planning/forcasting from IBM Armonk hdqtrs that loaded the most
holy of IBM data (detailed customer information) on the system ... for
modeling ... and significant security had to be demonstrated ... making
sure people like MIT students wouldn't be able to access corporate data.

For over decade the large cloud operations have claimed they assemble
their own server systems for 1/3rd the price of brand name server
systems (a typical cloud megadatacenter will have over half million
blade systems), likely part of the motivation for IBM selling off its
server product business ... along with announcements from the server
chip (processors, etc) makers were shipping over half their chips
directly to the large cloud operations.

The large cloud operations have reduced the cost of their servers so
drastically that they are able to significantly over provision for
"on-demand" (i.e. huge number of idle systems that can be instantly
"on-demand" operation) ... these costs are possibly 1/100,000 the
cost/BIPS of typical IBM mainframe. Because they have reduced server
costs so significantly power&cooling has become increasing major portion
of cloud megadatacenter ... and they have put significant pressure on
server chip makers to optimize execution power consumption as well as
drop to zero when systems are idle (but instantly on for "on-demand").

There are some number of vendors looking at leverage a lot of the
enormous work down by the cloud megadatacenters for marketing in-house
cloud operations to businesses.

The comparison to the 60s virtual machine commercial online operation
...  is cloud datacenter (with over half million systems) typically
operate with staff of 80-120 people (compared to cp/67 dark room
operation) ... and power/cooling dropping to zero when systems are idle
... but are instantly on (compared to 360 channel programs allowing
channel to go idle allowing system meter to stop ... but instantly on)
... as well as quite a bit of work on security.

Early 70s also had TYMSHARE (on west coast) offering online commercial
services (now with VM370). In Aug1976, TYMSHARE also started offering is
CMS-based online computer conference "free" to SHARE as VMSHARE
... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

other trivia: as undergraduate in the 60s, I was brought into small
group in Boeing CFO office to help with consolidating all dataprocessing
into Boeing Computer Services (independent business unit to better
monetize the investment, just renton datacenter had something between
$200M-$300M, 60s dollars, in 360 mainframes, 360/65s were arriving
faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly being staged in
the hallways around the machine room). I had done a great deal of os/360
optimization previously at the university as well as rewritten large
parts of CP67 ... which I was also to install).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Z and cloud

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM Z and cloud
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Oct 2018 12:35:03 -0700

sipples@SG.IBM.COM (Timothy Sipples) writes:

z/OS is UNIX(TM), certified by The Open Group and a trademark
bearer. Linux is not UNIX, as it happens. Apple's macOS is UNIX, while
iOS, tvOS, and watchOS are not. AIX is UNIX. The modern BSD family
operating systems derived from "Networking Tape 2" (NetBSD, FreeBSD,
OpenBSD, etc.) are not UNIX.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud

originally funded/developed by (renamed/reorged IBM disk division)
ADSTAR software VP ... as part of trying to work around the
communication group ... also provided venture/startup funding to
entities doing distributed computing support that would use mainframe
for disk storage.

I've mentioned before that senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at
world-wide, annual, internal communication group ... supposedly on 3174
performance ... but opened the talk that the IBM communication group was
going to be responsible for the IBM disk division. The issue was that
the communication group had corporate strategic responsibility for
everything that crossed datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off
distributed computing and client/server ... trying to preserve their
(emulated) dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division
was seeing data fleeing to more distributed computing platforms with
drop in disk sales ... their efforts to correct the problems were
constantly being veto'ed by the communication group. "POSIX" support was
part of work-around (since it didn't directly involve crossing the
datacenter walls) and funding distributed computing startups didn't
directly challenge communication group IBM ownership of everything (IBM)
that crossed the datacenter wall. The communication group stanglehold on
mainframe datacenters didn't just disks ... and a few years later IBM
goes into the red.

POSIX ... portable operating system interface ... originally 1988
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/POSIX
z/OS here
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/POSIX#Compliant_via_compatibility_feature

trivia: "ADSTAR" was the furthest along with reoganization of IBM into
the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the
company. reference gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback
machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

then new CEO was brought in and the breakup reversed ... although as
predicted ... IBM disk group no long exists ... even tho CKD DASD
is still required ... but haven't been manufactured for decades,
all being emulated on industry standard fixed-block disks.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM mainframe today

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM mainframe today
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 01 Oct 2018 12:52:22 -0700

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#12 IBM mainframe today

there is also ibm-main mailing list discussion group ... originated in
the 80s on corporate sponsored univ. BITNET (for a time larger than
arpanet/internet) ... also EARN in europe
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

ibm-main mailing list gatewayed to usenet, which is in turned
gatewayed to google groups ... archives here
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/bit.listserv.ibm-main
recent thread on "IBM Z and cloud"
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/oa2r6JJYZJ4

other trivia: listserv originated in Paris on EARN in mid-80s
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LISTSERV

past posts mentioning bitnet (& earn)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
Blog: Facebook
Date: 01 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#11 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

with regard to the corporate propaganda campaign equating Capitalism
with Christianity (deflect from being responsible for depression and
supporting Nazi Germany).

Note that John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's
economy, industry and military 20s thru early 40s. The Brothers: John
Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War,
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan &
Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there,
including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and
General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active
regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences; 1943 US Strategic Bombing
Program, they needed German industrial and military targets and
coordinates, they got the information and detailed plans from
wallstreet.

In the red scares ... all sort of propaganda was repositioned as
opposition to USSR and PRC. In the 50s, John Foster Dulles is quoted
as saying that he justified supporting Nazis from the 20s through the
early 40s as a counterforce to the Soviet Union (as opposed to
supporting capitalism).

other trivia: Milton Miles book ("Another Kind of War") first half was
about going into china to setup coastal watchers but then spent much
of the rest training 50,000 guerrillas fighting the Japanese. He then
spends the last half of the book about how OSS and Army (& Wedemeyer)
gave china to the communists. They came in and wanted to take over the
whole (nationalists) operation. The US Navy and Nationalists rebuffed
them, so to get something they could take credit for, they support the
communists.
https://www.amazon.com/different-kind-war-little-known-guerrilla/dp/B0007IYOFW/
https://books.google.com/books/about/A_Different_Kind_of_War.html?id=U4pBAAAAIAAJ

However, it is also claimed that US believed that it needed Soviets to
defeat Japan (after the end of German hostilities) and part of
placating the Soviets was aiding Mao in Manchuria. After Germany, in
Manchuria there was 1.5M Soviets fighting 1M Japanese. By comparison
Okinawa, US had 600k fighting 76k Japanese. This covers a lot of
Soviets in WW2, including Manchuria.
https://www.amazon.com/HISTORICAL-PERSPECTIVES-OPERATIONAL-ART-ANTHOLOGY-ebook/dp/B0086W3GX2/

Marshall backs Wedemeyer & the Army, Wedemeyer testimony Dec 1947,
possibly realizes what was done wrong
http://web.archive.org/web/20110203103817/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,804381,00.html
Marshall is SECSTATE (1947-1949) and State puts out white paper trying
to absolve State of blame for giving China to the communists
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949
This has Marshall&Wedemeyer very close ... and then beginning red
scare era, Wedemeyer was telling Marshall one thing and the McCarthy
people something else
https://www.amazon.com/China-Mission-Marshalls-Unfinished-1945-1947/dp/0393240959/

loc5495-99:

Others joined in McCarthy's crusade. Wedemeyer helped quietly at
first, and then, having whispered darkly about Marshall ever since the
canceled ambassadorship, went public. Wedemeyer's self-congratulatory
memoir alleged that exhaustion and intellectual shortcomings had made
Marshall "easy prey to crypto-Communists, or Communist sympathizing
sycophants, who played on his vanity to accomplish their own ends."
Marshall's China mission, according to Wedemeyer, caused the
Nationalists to become "so disheartened and demoralized by our
attitude that they finally ceased to resist the Communists."

... snip ...

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/

There would have been no Korean war, no domino theory, no vietnam?

Note: my wife's father was command of engineering combat group in
Europe, and after defeat of Germany, he was sent over in 1946 as
military adviser ("MAGIC") to Chang Kai Shek and he brought his family
over in 1947 to live in Nanking (my wife remembers being evacuated out
of Nanking in Army cargo plane on 3hrs notice when the city was
ringed).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
Blog: Facebook
Date: 01 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#11 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

Representative Democracy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representative_democracy
Criticisms
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representative_democracy#Criticisms

A drawback to this type of government is that elected officials are
not required to fulfill promises made before their election and are
able to promote their own self-interests once elected, providing an
incohesive system of governance.[21] Legislators are also under
scrutiny as the system of majority-won legislators voting for issues
for the large group of people fosters inequality among the
marginalized.[22]

... snip ...

references Oligarchy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oligarchy
Putative oligarchies
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oligarchy#Putative_oligarchies
specific example United States
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oligarchy#United_States
references: Income inequality in the United States, Impact on
democracy and society
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Income_inequality_in_the_United_States#Impact_on_democracy_and_society

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM today

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM today
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 01 Oct 2018 22:15:16 -0700

J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

Your point, with regard to the power consumption of mainframes
produced in 2018 being?

IBM has much less customer pressure to aggresively optimize
power&cooling, the latest generation of e5-2600v5 blade (now platinum,
gold, silver, etc) has possibly the aggregate processing BIPS rate
equivalent to ten max configured Z14 (@150BIPS/Z14) at 1/100,000 the
cost/BIPS ... as a result, power/cooling represents a relatively
insignificant part of Z14 lifetime cost (compare to cloud megadatacenter
blades).

The industry standard benchmarks now even include power/cooling per
transaction ... it has been a couple decades since IBM has published
industry standard benchmarks ... when it was still just
cost/transactions ... and before the move to also include
power/transaction.

PUE introduced in 2006 and large cloud megadacenters regularly
quote their values ... have also not seen any similar for any
mainframe datacenter
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Power_usage_effectiveness

IBM article on datacenter PUE ... but fails to make any reference to
mainframe, highlights that it has the largest portfolio of registered data
centers ... but says nothing about the total number systems (large
cloud operation will have a dozen megadatacenters each with more than
half million systems)
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/environment/climate/datacenter_energy.shtml

this 2008 article says typical customers running X86 servers at 2-10%
utilization, but all drawing full energy ... can be consolidated on z/VM
mainframe using less total energy.
http://enterprisesystemsmedia.com/article/ibms-smoking-gun-proof-that-mainframes-are-the-most-energy-efficient-comput
same story also from decade ago
https://searchdatacenter.techtarget.com/news/1276233/IBM-mainframes-trounce-x86-servers-on-energy-efficiency-IBM-says

however, it doesn't mention this decade, customers were consolidating
10-20 X86 servers on standard X86 with X86 virtualization ... and standard
(X86) server improvements
http://www.tpc.org/information/press/tpcpress20100202.asp
TPC (benchmark) pricing
http://www.tpc.org/pricing/default.asp
and TPC (benchmark) energy
http://www.tpc.org/tpc_energy/default.asp

IBM claims z14 23% better power efficiency than z13 ... could get almost
that amount just from change to smallere circuit size.
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017

It has been decades since ibm did mainframe industry standard benchmark
comparisons for cost/transaction which have since also evolved
power/transaction
http://www.tpc.org/tpc_energy/default.asp

megadatacenters are approaching 1.0 PUE ... with at least ten
times better power/transaction.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbestechcouncil/2017/12/15/why-energy-is-a-big-and-rapidly-growing-problem-for-data-centers/

z196 (max configured 50BIPS) era cloud datacenters used four core/chip,
two chip (8 processors) e5-2600v1 blades with processing rating of
400-530BIPS per blade (ten times z196). They went through v2, v3, and v4
generations before Intel rebranded platinum, gold, silver, bronze XEON
server chips. They currently run 4-28 cores/chip and 2-8 chips per
blade, aka 8-224 processors/blade (and 16-448 threads/blade) ... with
blades that easily exceed 1.5TIPS/blade (10-50 max. configured z14) and
typical megadatacenter with over half million such blades and large
cloud operator will have 6-12 such megadatacenters ... approach ten
million such blades. Their blade costs have dropped so dramatically that
even modest power efficiency improvements it is easy to totally
turn-over all blades. There volumes are so huge they have lots of clout
with server chip makers to get enhanced customized tailor chips.

IBM use to give aggregate mainframe systems revenue per year ... max.
configured systems have been pretty steady around $30M ... so it was
straight forward to calculate numbers of processor chips needed per year
(at six cores/chip). Also able to find chip size and calculate approx.
number of chips per (manufacturing fab) wafers ... and single minimum
size wafer run has providing enough processors for multiple year of
mainframe sales. Now they just give sales number with respect to
previous year ... so now to get a real number have to run thruough
several years of percent changes.

Introducing the IBM z14 Model ZR1, designed for the data-centric cloud
ecosystem, with maximum security and enterprise server quality
http://www-01.ibm.com/common/ssi/ShowDoc.wss?docURL=/common/ssi/rep_ca/8/897/ENUS118-018/index.html&request_locale=en

triva: recent z196 2M IOPS peak i/o throughput ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#12 IBM mainframe today

required 104 FICONs (running over 104 FCS) ... while there was E5-2600
FCS announced claiming over million IOPS on single FCS. The
corresponding zHPF description claimed 30% improvement over standard
FICON ... and included doing a little bit of what I had done for STL
channel-extender in 1980 and included in the original FCS standard
definition.

for other trivia: I worked with Jim Gray at IBM SJR
http://www.tpc.org/information/who/gray.asp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
Blog: Facebook
Date: 02 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#11 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#20 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

Inequality by itself kills nations, it is the "opportunity" for
innovation and change that energizes economies and makes them more
efficient. Recently inequality has increased and opportunity has
significantly decreased. "Why Nations Fail" also spends quite a bit of
time looking at independent action (supported by universal education)
contrasted to rigid, top-down, command&control.
https://www.amazon.com/Why-Nations-Fail-Prosperity-ebook/dp/B0058Z4NR8

Slight topic drift ... related to my "Why Nations Fail" comment. Early
80s, I was introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at
IBM. When he was instructor at Nellis, he was considered possibly best
fighter pilot in the world. He had invented E/M theory used for
training fighter pilots and then designing fighter planes. He used it
for resign of the original F15 (including cutting weight nearly in
half) and then design of YF16 & YF17 which becomes F16 & F18. 1990,
the Marine Corps Commandant leveraged Boyd for make-over of the corps
... and we've continued to have meetings on the subject at Marine
Corps University at Quantico (the USAF bomber culture hated him and by
the time he passes the USAF had pretty much disowned him and it was
the Marines at Arlington). During briefings he would comment that US
business culture was being contaminated by former military officers
steeped in rigid, top-down, command&control (however, about this time,
articles were also starting to appear that MBAs were starting to
destory US businesses with myopic focus on short term quarterly
results). John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist
only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Original purpose of patent office in the constitution was to protect
creative/innovative individuals from institutions trying to preserve
existing status quo (disruptive innovation making economy more
efficient). Recently it has inverted, corporations doing enormous
numbers of defensive patents protecting status quo and inhibiting
innovation. Business schools now teach how to monopolize markets and
use patents to control innovation and change, preserving status
quo. The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers
Our Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/

pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create,
barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help
ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see,
some of the most important innovations in business in the last three
decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on
how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent
government regulations intended to align social returns and private
rewards.

... snip ...

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

pg245/loc3881-87:

The notion that corporations should devote themselves to maximizing
profits is often taken to be one of the bedrock principles of
corporate law and governance. In the early history of corporations,
however, business corporations were much different; as Blackstone
wrote in his Commentaries, corporations could only be formed if they
served public purposes. Today, in part because of the Dartmouth
College case, that rule no longer applies, and modern business
corporations are considered private entities that need not serve any
explicitly public objective.

... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

some topic drift ... a couple former Oracle people (that I had worked
with on DBMS) were at small client/server startup responsible for
something called "commerce server" and I was brought in as consultant
because they wanted to do payment transactions on the server. The
startup had also done this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to
use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerece". The
actual deployment preserved the existing institutions, business
processes and payment transactions fees (which actually increased
because they had significant portion prorated on fraud).

Because of having done "electronic commerce", I was asked to
participate in international financial standards. I authored a
transaction protocol and designed an enhanced payment card for both
point-of-sale and internet that would eliminate nearly all the
existing fraud. It had the downside of eliminating justification for
90% of payment fees (represented several score billions) and eliminate
barriers to entry for new payment processors ... effectively
commoditizing payment transaction business. Twenty years later and
still nothing has been done (originally, electronic commerce had no
downside for existing financial institutions).

total topic drift, I was also asked to talk to a group of hollywood
studios about how to change the movie distribution business. One of
the issues was theaters under reported admissions and could take six
months or more to settle payments (for showing film). Would it be
possible for studios to directly get accounting of admissions along
with immediate settlement of payments. They also wanted to throw in
move from film to digital (both recording & projection), using it to
address various piracy issues.

total trivia: earlier in 1983 I was asked to aid Berkeley 10m
project. They were looking at putting up new observatory on mountain
in Hawaii (they got funding from Keck foundation and was renamed Keck
observatory) ... also wanting to move from film to digital and
electronic transmission enabling remote observing from the
mainland. They were testing technology at Lick observatory (east of
San Jose) ... including 200x200 (40K pel) CCD. At the time, there was
rumors that Spielburg was playing with 2048x2048, 4M pel CCD; 16M pel
CCD quite common in cameras today. More movie trivia, when I first
moved to San Jose, one of my co-workers was member of San Jose
Astronomy club and would tell stories about Lucas would bring draft
scripts for eight star wars movies for the club to review.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Financial Sector Data Breaches Soar Despite Heavy Security Spending

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Financial Sector Data Breaches Soar Despite Heavy Security Spending
Blog: Facebook
Date: 03 Oct 2018

Financial Sector Data Breaches Soar Despite Heavy Security Spending;
Banks and other financial firms have disclosed three times as many
breaches so far this year than they did in 2016, Bitglass says.
https://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/financial-sector-data-breaches-soar-despite-heavy-security-spending/d/d-id/1332958

we had been brought in to help wordsmith some cal. state
legislation. at the time they were working on electronic signature,
data breach notification (first in country), and opt-in personal
information sharing. many of the participants were involved in privacy
issues and done detailed public surveys and found that #1 issue was
identity theft, primarily involving fraudulent financial transactions
as a result of some breach. there was hope that publicity from the
notifications would result in corrective action. The problem is that
normally entities take security measures in self protection, however
in the case of most breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it was
the public.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
Blog: Facebook
Date: 03 Oct 2018

LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media - An OODA-Loop interview
with P.W. Singer
https://www.oodaloop.com/OODA-original/2018/10/02/likewar-the-weaponization-of-social-media-an-OODA-loop-interview-with-p-w-singer/

In 1968, two spin-offs from the IBM cambridge science center formed to
provide commercial online services using CP/67-CMS (developed at the
science center). In the early 70s, TYMSHARE was also providing
commercial online services using VM370-CMS (followon to CP/67-CMS). In
AUG1976, TYMSHARE started providing its CMS-based online computer
conferencing free to (IBM user group) SHARE as VMSHARE ... archives
here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I arranged with TYMSHARE to get a updated monthly tape of all VMSHARE
files to make available on internal IBM systems and the internal IBM
network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning
until mid-80s) ... a major difficulty was with IBM lawyers that were
concerned that exposing IBM employees to customer information would
contaminate them. I was also blamed for online computer conferencing
(precursor to social media) on the internal network in the late 70s
and early 80s. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee
was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal
network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.

Somewhat as a result, a researcher was paid to study how I communicate
... they sat in the back of my office for nine months taking notes
(face-to-face, telephone, etc), went with me to meetings, got copies
of all my incoming & outgoing email as well as logs of all instant
messages. The result was research reports, Stanford Phd (joint with
language and computer AI), papers, talks and books.

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

As online computer conferencing spread to larger audiences in the 80s,
saw various kinds of behavior appear ... one such started to be
referred to as "trolls" ... people trying to incite/provoke public
emotional arguments. Things got more complex with trolls assuming
multiple personas, taking multiple sides of an arguments, attempting
to bring others into the discussion.

a little drift: In the early 80s, I was introduced to John Boyd and
would sponsor his briefings at IBM. John Boyd's Art of War; Why our
greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
in briefings he would include discussion of his OODA-loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)#The_OODA_Loop
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_Loop

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
Blog: Facebook
Date: 04 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#24 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media

We would have friday's after work with people from research, disk
engineering, STL, sometimes customers from silicon valley, etc
... usually at some place around the San Jose plant site, but would
sometimes stray over to Los Gatos (or other places). One of the
discussions was silver bullet to get management & executives to use
computers. One of the things we came up with was online telephone
books ... Jim Gray would spend no more than two weeks writing the
lookup app and I would spend no more than two weeks putting together
processors to acquire, reformat and redistribute the phone books. The
PROFS group would pick up internal applications and wrap menus around
them, including the phone book app and an early version of internal
VMSG for their email client.  The VMSG author attempts to offer them
an enhanced version and they tried to get him fired (because they had
taken credit for the email client). The whole thing quiets down when
the VMSG author demonstrates that his initials are in every PROFS
email (in nondisplayed field).

At some point late 1979 or early 1980, there was rapid spreading rumor
that top IBM executives where communicating via email and suddenly
every manager in the company needed a 3270 terminal on their
desk. This was in period when 3270 terminals weres part of annual
budget and required VP signoff ... and lots of justified development
3270 terminals disappeared to manager desks (which spent all day with
VM370 logo or PROFS menu being burned into screen, while their
assistants actually processed email). Unused terminals on managers
desk were still a status symbol a decade later with PS2/486 with large
screens being rerouted and spent the day unused for 3270 terminal
emulation (with vm370 logo or PROFS menu being burned into the screen)
in some manager's office.

Late 80s, there was PROFS issue in the executive branch ... where some
apparently believed if they deleted email, it totally disappeared (and
weren't on backup tapes). In the 90s, the executive branch started
preventing backup tapes from being made ... until GSA & NA tightened
up processes ... after the turn of the century the executive branch
started making extensive use of non-gov email (emails that disappeared
went from tens of thousand to millions).

Other tivia: we would have monthly user group meetings at SLAC and go
to Oasis afterwards.
https://padailypost.com/2018/04/14/the-puzzling-closure-of-the-oasis/
The first webserver in the US was on the SLAC VM370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

couple comments done for this thread in other discussion groups

Early 80s, I had project I called HSDT (high-speed data transport)
with (full-duplex) T1 and faster speed links. This included working
with director of NSF and we were suppose to get $20M to interconnect
the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some
number of things happen and eventually NSF released RFP (in part based
on what we already had running) ... archived preliminary announcement
(28March1986)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
as regional networks connect into the centers, it morphs into the
NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

posts mentioning NSFNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

In addition to TCP, also had mainframe VNET (internal network, also
used for corporate sponsored BITNET) that I wanted to support. VNET
used the VM Spool which was a 4kbyte buffered synchronous API
(i.e. when buffer needed to be read or written, associated process was
disabled). Spool file system on 3330 might get 30-40 4k spool disk
I/Os per second ... but with multiple other users, VNET might be
limited to 4-8 4k spool disk I/Os per second or 16kbyte-32kbyte per
second (160kbit-320kbit/second). For full duplex T1, I needed
150kbytes/sec in each direction or 300kbytes/sec aggregate for each
T1.

In early 80s, I redid VM spool implementation in VS/Pascal running in
virtual address space ... VM kernel making spool upcalls to the spool
processor. It implemented support for asynchronous spool r/w
operations (VNET not disabled for execution while buffers being
read/written), large file contiguous allocation with multiple buffer
read/writes, as well as buffer read-ahead and write-behind. Eventual
objective was come close to 3mbyte/sec spool throughput on 3380 (sort
of analogous to the VM/SP ten page, full-track 3380 "swapping"
support). There was also some fancy new stuff spool file
speed&function for checkpoint and recovery. Also since it was isolated
in virtual address space, glitches didn't take down the VM service
(spool was no longer direct function of the underlying kernel). Also
kernel implementation used serial search of spool file lists ... which
became really processor expensive with large number of files. I
implemented combination tree/hash that ran significantly faster (with
large number of files) ... significantly increased the spool file
records/sec at the same time using less processor.

It never did get very wide use, in part because the communication
group didn't support anything more than 56kbits/sec links on their
37x5 products. The communication group also tried hard to block
release of the VM370 TCP/IP product (implemented in VS/Pascal) ... and
when they couldn't, the said they had to release it (since they had
corporate strategic responsibility for everything that cross
datacenter wall). What initially shipped got 44kbytes/sec throughput
using nearly whole 3090 CPU. I then did the enhancements to support
RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and
Cray, got sustained channel throughput using only modest amount of
4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per
instruction executed).

RFC1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

AWD had done their own AT-bus (16bit) 4mbit T/R card for
PC/RT. However for RS/6000, AWD wasn't allowed to do their own cards
and had to do PS2 microchannel cards ... that were all implemented
with low-throughput design point. For instance the PS2 microchannel
16mbit T/R card had lower per card throughput (aka 300+ cards design
point sharing single LAN bandwidth doing terminal emulation) than the
PC/RT 4mbit T/R (PC/RT server having higher thruput than RS/6000
server). Similar problems with all the other PS2 cards (joke that it
would limit RS/6000 to thruput of PS2) ... finally AWD did RS/6000 730
with VMEbus to get around the internal politics not allowing them to
do their own (microchannel) cards (and used industry standard high
speed VMEbus cards).

Late 80s, my wife wrote 3-tier architecture with ethernet and some
other high-speed stuff into response for gov. super high-security
high-throughput large campus request ... and then we were out doing
customer executive presentations on the design. This earned us lots of
arrows in the back from communication group, SNA, SAA, and token-ring
forces. Some of the arrows was Dallas E/S did a report showing 16mbit
T/R was far superior to 10mbit ethernet (however it appeared that they
used original ethernet 3mbit/sec prototype before ethernet CSMA/CD
standard). Note, the new Almaden Research bldg had been done with lots
of CAT5 (assuming 16mbit T/R) but found that running 10mbit ethernet
over CAT5 had more aggregate LAN throughput, more per card LAN
throughput, and lower latency (than 16mbit T/R).

Part of the issues was that SNA didn't have a network layer ... which
contributed to configurations with hundreds of T/R cards sharing
common 16mbit LAN (less than half that effective aggregate
throughput). For less cost than 300 16mbit T/R cards, could have 300
high-performance ethernet cards with non-IBM channel interface RFC1044
router supporting up to 16 ethernet lans ... ten of the lans with 30
machines/lan (more per LAN throughput plus 1/10th the stations/lan,
high-speed router stitching it together) and six of the lans with
high-speed (RS/6000) servers ... plus high-speed channel interface.

3-tier posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier
801/risc, romp, pc/rt, rios, rs/6000, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's new aristocracy lives in an accountability-free zone

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's new aristocracy lives in an accountability-free zone
Blog: Facebook
Date: 06 Oct 2018

America's new aristocracy lives in an accountability-free zone
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/oct/05/americas-new-aristocracy-live-accountability-free-zone-david-sirota

Rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would
prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did
jailtime, however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because
even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing
reports of public company fraudulent financial reports ... even
showing uptic after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing
jailtime). Joke was that congress felt so badly that one of the big
accounting firms went out of business, the added stringent audit
processes was just a large gift to the audit industry ... but would
change nothing.

Somewhat related, during the congressional Madoff hearings, they had
the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to try and get
SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff
turned himself in). Congress asked if new regulations were needed. He
responded that while new regulations might be needed, much more
important was transparency and visibility (possibly because SEC wasn't
doing anything with the regulations they had).

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
Financial Reporting Fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
Inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
Blog: Facebook
Date: 06 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#24 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#25 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media

other triva, in middle 80s, internal network (VNET) still wasn't
SNA. For 37x5 controllers, ran bisynch with "Y-adapter" ... two
subchannel address to get concurrent, full-duplex transmission in both
directions ... had much higher throughput than running SNA. I tried to
get presentation at the VNET governing board on how to improve much
higher throughput. However this was in period when the communication
group was spreading lots of internal misinformation ... including
presentations to corporate executive committee; VNET would stop
working if not converted to SNA, NSF could run over SNA, etc. They
also got VNET governing board restricted to managers and technical
people no longer allowed to participate.

Somebody collected a lot of the communication group NSF SNA
misinformation email and forwarded it to us ... significantly clipped
and redacted to protect the guilty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

They also had presentation to the corporate executive committee that
customers wouldn't need T1 support until sometime in the 90s. The
showed stats for customer 37x5 "fat pipes" (multiple parallel 56kbit
links treated as single logical link), number of customers
configurations with 2, 3, 4, 5 ... dropping to zero by six. What they
didn't know (or didn't show) was that telco tariffs for 5-6 56k links
was about the same as single T1 link. We relatively easily found 200
customers with T1 links ... but had switched to non-IBM controller
interface.

hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
Blog: Facebook
Date: 07 Oct 2018

America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
https://www.economist.com/briefing/2018/07/12/americas-electoral-system-gives-the-republicans-advantages-over-democrats

Fareed just called out political strife and conflict got much worse
with speaker Gingrich. In 1999, after we were asked to help prevent
the coming economic mess (we failed), one of other things we were told
was that there has always been conflict between the two parties, but
they could put their differences aside and come together to do things
for the country. With Gingrich, everything came to be about party
advantage and level of party conflict and strife got ten times
worse. Now everything is Kabuki dance/theater ... what you see is
distraction for the public (like Roman circus) and has little to do
with what is really going on.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Kabuki theater posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

McMaster's
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H._R._McMaster
PHD thesis
https://www.amazon.com/Dereliction-Duty-Johnson-McNamara-Chiefs-ebook/dp/B004HW7834/

based (in part) on (then recently) released classified information
says that Johnson's staff told him the Vietnam war was not winnable,
but it in court of world opinion, it would be better to go ahead fight
and loose.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Then in the paris peace talks, Nixon committed treason convincing
N. Vietnam to not settle until after the presidential election.

Article Three of the United States Constitution
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Article_Three_of_the_United_States_Constitution
U.S. Constitution - Article III
https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/articleiii
18 US Code 2381 - Treason
https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/2381

Whoever, owing allegiance to the United States, levies war against
them or adheres to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort within
the United States or elsewhere, is guilty of treason and shall suffer
death, or shall be imprisoned not less than five years and fined under
this title but not less than $10,000; and shall be incapable of
holding any office under the United States.

... snip ...

George Will Confirms Nixon's Vietnam Treason
http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/08/12/george-will-confirms-nixons-vietnam-treason
Declassified LBJ Tapes Accuse Richard Nixon of Treason
http://news.slashdot.org/story/13/03/21/0331256/declassified-lbj-tapes-accuse-richard-nixon-of-treason
The Lyndon Johnson tapes: Richard Nixon's 'treason'
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-21768668
Newly Released Secret Tapes Reveal LBJ Knew but Never Spoke Out About Nixon's 'Treason'
http://www.thewire.com/national/2013/03/newly-released-secret-tapes-reveal-lbj-knew-never-spoke-out-about-nixons-treason/63188/
Did Nixon Commit Treason in 1968? What The New LBJ Tapes Reveal.
http://historynewsnetwork.org/article/60446
Richard Nixon at 100: not just criminal, but treasonous too
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jan/10/richard-nixon-100-criminal-traitor
Yes, Nixon Scuttled the Vietnam Peace Talks - John Aloysius Farrell
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2014/06/yes-nixon-scuttled-the-vietnam-peace-talks-107623.html
Richard Nixon's long shadow
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/george-f-will-nixons-long-shadow/2014/08/06/fad8c00c-1ccb-11e4-ae54-0cfe1f974f8a_story.html
Nixon's Treason Now Acknowledged
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2014/08/nixons-treason-now-acknowledged.html
Fleshing Out Nixon's Vietnam 'Treason'
https://consortiumnews.com/2014/09/08/fleshing-out-nixons-vietnam-treason/

Reagan and Iran ... hostage crisis resolved on the very day Reagan was
inaugurated
https://www.merip.org/mer/mer151/reagans-iran
... and then The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/
loc2752-54:

Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White House operation
of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither Pollard nor the
government of Israel was aware that they had smashed George Bush's
first shipment of arms to Iran."

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
Blog: Facebook
Date: 07 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#28 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats

more Bush family, Iraq (& Saudi)

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge
Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending
increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with somebody
(Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns
to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, US support Iraq in the iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including
supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo
recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to
invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and
proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the
white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia,
now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and
one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of
Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card
... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that
WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010
(4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate
reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted
for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and
(directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of
modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders
were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around
to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

... also (back to the 80s), VP and former CIA director repeatedly
claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.coom/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president
and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L
crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime,
proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 (criminal
convictions with jailtime), so far nobody.

America's new aristocracy lives in an accountability-free zone
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/oct/05/americas-new-aristocracy-live-accountability-free-zone-david-sirota

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
Blog: Facebook
Date: 08 Oct 2018

Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on
Track to Do Any of Them
http://time.com/5418134/ipcc-climate-change-report-2030-crisis/

Some of the same people for hire did papers for the tobacco industry,
also helped spin "team b" results, and more recently doing articles
for fossil fuel industry, including dragging in religion. Merchants
of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues
from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt
http://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/
http://www.economist.com/node/16374460

Which as been used before, after entry WW2, 5000 industrialists from
across the US had conference at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part
because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and
supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to
equate capitalism with Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "in god we trust" to
money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.

earlier

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria
with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do
business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy,
industry and military 20s thru early 40s. The Brothers: John Foster
Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War,
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan &
Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there,
including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and
General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active
regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences; 1943 US Strategic Bombing
Program, they needed German industrial and military targets and
coordinates, they got the information and detailed plans from
wallstreet.

Tying capitalism&religion in the 50s had misdirection involving the
red menace ... including claims that John Foster Dulles said he was
supporting the Nazis as a counter-force to Soviets.

Exxon Agrees to Disclose Climate Risks Under Pressure from Investors;
In an SEC filing, the oil giant dropped its opposition to a
shareholder demand for disclosure. Exxon also faces climate fraud
investigations by two states.
https://insideclimatenews.org/news/12122017/exxon-climate-risk-disclosure-sec-shareholder-investigation-pressure
Exxon Climate
https://insideclimatenews.org/tags/exxon-climate-change-investigation

trivia: "Standard Oil" in the John Foster Dulles reference
... supporting the Nazis ... is now EXXON
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ExxonMobil

It is the largest direct descendant of John D. Rockefeller's Standard
Oil Company,[2] and was formed on November 30, 1999 by the merger of
Exxon (formerly the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey) and Mobil
(formerly the Standard Oil Company of New York).

... snip ...

more fossil fuel (needing religion obfuscation and misdirection),
June1940 Waldorf-Astoria victory celebration
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:

One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild
Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The
company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about
violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate
scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports
in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English
Channel into what Churchill thought would become "a river of blood,"
other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more
business with Hitler.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning "merchants of doubt"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#16 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#5 Lessons Learned from the Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#7 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#52 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#31 An insider's story of the global attack on climate science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#22 $40 billion missile defense system proves unreliable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#73 10 Big Fat Lies and the Liars Who Told Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#100 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#34 43rd President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#63 12 Reasons America Doesn't Win Its Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#1 Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#47 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#59 Breaking: Entire Nation Experiencing Collective Amnesia About Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#13 Merchants of Doubt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#55 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#84 "Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#63 Sugar Industry Long Downplayed Potential Harms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#114 Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#6 Iraq Invasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#19 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Auto Industry

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US Auto Industry
Blog: Facebook
Date: 08 Oct 2018

70s, congress established quotas to reduce competition and give US
industry huge profits that they were suppose to use to remake
themselves, put they just pocketed the money and continued business
as usual. Early 80s, there was call for 100% unearned profit tax on
the industry because they were just pocketing the money.

1990, the industry had the C4 task force to look at completely
remaking themselves ... and because they were planning on heavy
leveraging technology, they invited technology vendors to send
representatives. During the sessions they could accurately describe
what the competition was doing better, what they were doing, and what
they had to change. One of the issues was that they were taking 7-8yrs
from start to rolling off the line (with two efforts running in
parallel, offset 3-4yrs to make it look like something new more
frequently). The major players had spun off their parts businesses and
over 7-8yr period, parts used in original design were no longer
available. A major example was corvette with tight space tolerances
under the "skin" where there had to redesign, rework and further
delays because of how parts changed. The foreign competition had cut
that 7-8yrs product cycle in half in the 1st part of the 80s and 1990,
there were in the process of cutting it in half again (much more
efficient and four times faster reacting to changes in market and
technology). Offline I would chide the IBM mainframe brethren how did
they expect to contribute because at the time they had similar
problems.

auto industry c4 task force posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

Roll forward to the bailouts ... even tho they knew what they needed
to do, the various stakeholders still managed to maintain the status
quo.

since brought up, Jan1999 I was asked to help try and prevent the
coming economic mess (we failed). I was to improve the integrity of
securitized mortgage documents (as countermeasure). However, they find
that they can pay for triple-A rating (when rating agencies knew they
weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the
role that rating agencies played in the economic mess). Triple-A
rating trumps supporting documents and they can start doing
no-documentation liar loans, triple-A significantly contributing to
selling over $27T 2001-2008 (including to entities restricted to only
dealing in "safe" investments, like large pension funds) and no longer
having to care about borrowers' qualification or loan quality, just
how fast they can turn them over.

triple-a (toxic) assets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

they then find that they can do securitized loans designed to fail,
pay for triple-A, sell into the bond market, and take out CDS gambling
bets that they will fail, creating enormous demand for dodgy loans
(now they care about borrowers' qualifications, but not in the
traditional way). AIG is the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets
and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the
SECTREAS steps in fall of 2008 and has them sign document that they
can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and take TARP funds to
pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and
the largest recipient of face value payoffs is firm formally headed by
SECTREAS.

In 2008, the SECTREAS had convinced congress to appropriate TARP
funds, supposedly to buy too big to fail off-book toxic assets, but
with just $700B ... it wouldn't hardly make a dent in the problem,
when just the four largest TBTF were holding $5.2T ye2008. As a result
it was left to the Federal Reserve to do the real bailout (trillions
buying toxic assets, and tens of trillions in ZIRP funds), and
SECTREAS used TARP for other things (besides AIG, Bush/SECTREAS GM
bailout 19Dec2008; also fall2008, there was tens of billions for some
TBTF, but that was mostly for cosmetic purposes).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Federal Reserve fought long legal battle to prevent disclosing the
"real" TBTF bailout. When they lost, FED Chairman holds press
conference saying that he thought the TBTF would use ZIRP funds to
help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he had no way to force them
(however, that didn't stop the tens of trillions in ZIRP funds). Note
that the FED Chairman was chosen in part because he supposedly was
depression era scholar. However, the FED had tried something similar
then with the same results, so the Chairman should have had no
expectation of a different result this time.

Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Jan2009 (decade after being asked to help try and prevent economic
mess), I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings
into the '29 crash, resulting in criminal convictions and
Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what
happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new
congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it and
then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (references that
capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wall street cash).

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Some IBM related I mentioned two CP/67-CMS spin-offs 1968 ... both of
them move up the value chain to providing services to financial
industry. Jan2009, one of them is briefly mentioned in the news as
helping with evaluating the off-book toxic assets for TARP purchases
... which never happened. It turns out that they had previously bought
the pricing services division from one of the major rating agencies,
but then there was also lots of news about how hard it would be to
accurately evaluate the securitized toxic assets. However, the real
problems were 1) no-documentation, liar loans w/o supporting
documents, 2) not enough money to actually make a dent in the problem,
3) earlier in 2008, several tens of billions had been sold at 22cents
on the dollar (marked at 22cents on the dollar, just the four
largest TBTF would have had to book four trillion in
losses). What actually happened is that the FED bought trillions at
98cents on the dollar (w/o needing evaluation).

pricing service division past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#21 Banks to embrace virtualisation in 2009: survey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#31 Banks to embrace virtualisation in 2009: survey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#32 What are the challenges in risk analytics post financial crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#42 Lets play Blame Game...?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#52 The Credit Crunch: Why it happened?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#77 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#79 The Credit Crunch: Why it happened?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#38 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#49 US disaster, debts and bad financial management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#53 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#78 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#1 Audit II: Two more scary words: Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#15 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#70 When did "client server" become part of the language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#41 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#40 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#20 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#68 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#47 Is C close to the machine?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#48 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#4 alphas was: search engine history, was Happy DEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#52 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#49 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#25 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#45 S&P's History of Relentless Political Advocacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#50 How Many Divisions Does Standard and Poors Have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#46 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#35 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#66 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#67 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#57 The Internet: Missing the Light
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#82 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#2 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#0 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#16 Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#95 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#19 Banking; The Book That Will Save Banking From Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#60 Pareto efficiency

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Banking via home computers/internet is a disaster for the computer world

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Banking via home computers/internet is a disaster for the computer world.
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 10 Oct 2018 22:38:57 -0700

MitchAlsup <MitchAlsup@aol.com> writes:

Anyone who does their banking on a computer,
not under the roof of their bank office,
is simply asking for trouble.

In my opinion, they deserve it.

mid-90s in financial industry conferences, the consumer dial-up banking
operations were giving presentations on converting to internet
... effectively because of the enormous customer support costs
supporting proprietary dial-up software for large number of operating
systems, versions, different kinds & models of serial port modems, etc
... effectively offloading all those problems on ISPs.

in the same conferences, the cash management/commercial dial-up banking
operations said they would never move to internet, because of a large
number of exploits & vulnerabilities ... many of which continue to this
day (however since then, cash management/commercial dial-up banking have
been moved to internet also).

around decade ago, FEDS started recommending that commercial internet
online banking should have a dedicated (internet) computer that is
*NEVER* used for anything else but online banking (which minimizes some
of the exploits).

other trivia: around the turn of the century there was lots of efforts
to move to token based authentication as countermeasure to
internet exploits. one of the players distributed payment cards with
embedded chips along with ("free") serial-port chip reader (possibly
fire sale for serial-port chip readers being obsoleted by USB
... which was supposed to address many of the serial-port
problems). The resulting severe consumer support problems spawned
rapidly spreading opinion in financial industry that chipcards weren't
practical in the consumer home (internet) market (even tho the
problems were with the serial-port readers, not with the chipcards
(apparently all institutional knowledge of serial-port problems had
evaporated over period of 5rs) ... and industry pull-back from home
consumer chipcard programs.

online dial-up banking posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#dialup-banking

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Disks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Disks
Blog: Facebook
Date: 10 Oct 2018

DASD ... direct access storage device ... when there were drums,
disks, and strips ... and not clear what would dominate in the future.

When I transfer to San Jose Research ,,, they let me wander around
disk plant site, STL programming, HONE and other IBM places in silicon
valley ... and some number of customer sites. At the time,
bldg14&15 (disk engineering and product test) were running
stand-alone, pre-scheduled 7x24 mainframe testing schedules. They had
once tried MVS to see if they could do some concurrent testing, but
MVS had 15min MTBF in that environment. I offer to rewrite IOS to make
in bullet proof and never fail so they can do any amount of on-demand,
concurrent testing. The downside, is that any time they have problem,
they try to blame me and I have to go over and diagnose some problem
they have (increasingly they want me to participate in things like all
conference calls with POK channel engineers). I did do internal report
on the work and happened to mention the MVS 15min MTBF which brings
down the wrath of the MVS group on my head.

Original 3380, 3mbyte/sec transfer, 20 track spacing between each data
track. Double density 3380 (with twice number cylinders) reduces the
space to 10 track spacings, then triple density 3380 (and three times
number cylinders) reduces spacing further. The father of 801/risc
(pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc, etc) wants to do a "wide" disk head
and wants me to help him. The head read/writes 16 data tracks in
parallel with two servo tracks on the edges. The disk is formatted
with one servo track per 16 data tracks (wide head follows servo
tracks on both sides of the 16 data tracks). This not only greatly
increases data density but has the unfortunate side-effect of
increasing transfer speed by factor of 16, from 3mbyte/sec to
48mbyte/sec ... and IBM has no products that support 48mbyte/sec
transfer.

getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
CKD, FBA, multi-track search posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The rise and fall of IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The rise and fall of IBM
Blog: Facebook
Date: 11 Oct 2018

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books
.... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s, was
going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being shutdown,
the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with giving
clone processor makers market foothold:

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no
waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in
the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S
took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the
very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

I continued to work on 370 stuff all during the FS period, even
periodically ridiculing the FS activity ... which wasn't exactly a
career enhancing activity. Note this has reference to FS ... that
major motivation in FS was to create (complexity and tight
integration) barriers to clone controllers ... however might claim
that they carried the complexity effort so far, that even IBM couldn't
accomplish it.
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm
https://www.ecole.org/en/65/CM200195-ENG.pdf

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

trivia: as undergraduate I rewrote a lot of IBM system software. When
some from the science center came out to the university last week of
Jan1968 to install CP67 ... it had 2741 and 1052 terminal support with
automatic terminal identification. The university had a lot of
ASCII/TTY terminals and I had to extend the automatic terminal
identification support. Then I wanted a single dail-in number (hunt
group pool) for all dail-in terminals. However, it didn't quite work
because while IBM controllers allowed the SAD command to dynamically
change type of port tereminal adapter, line speeds for each port was
hard wired. As a result, the University started a clone controller
project, building channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed
to emulate IBM terminal controller ... but with dynamic speed
identification. This was then enhanced to an Interdata/4 handling the
channel interface and a cluster of Interdata/3s handling port/line
interfaces. Interdata (and later Perkin/Elmer) start selling this as
clone controller. Four of us get written up for (some part of) clone
controller business.

PCM/OEM clone controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

After moving to SJR, bldg14&15 (disk engineering and product
test), suck me into playing disk engineer part time. One of the issues
was CKD was increasingly becoming obsolete and the whole business was
moving to FBA, the biggest inhibitor was MVS. I offerred FBA support
but was told that even if I provided fully integrated and tested FBA
support, that I still needed an extra $26M business case (for
education, training and documentation) ... or about extra $200M-$300M
in sales. However, IBM was then selling disks as fast as they could be
made, and FBA support would just change to the same amount of FBA
disks (no incremental sales) ... and I couldn't use life-time costs as
part of the business case. CKD disks haven't been made for decades,
all being simulated on industry standard fixed block disks (for MVS).

getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
CKD, FBA, multi-track search posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

Then single processor chips drastically reducing computing costs and
the rise of personal computer were significant disruptive to computing
business, especially threatening to the communication group's dumb
terminal paradigm and install base.

Mid-80s, I get con'ed into working with baby bell that had redid a
VTAM/NCP implementation from scratch on Series/1 with something like
ten times the feature/function/performance of the IBM
implementation. It implemented real networking support out in Series/1
with control of resources out in the Series/1, faking out mainframe
VTAM simulating cross-domain support. I was to package it and release
it as TYPE-1 product, quickly upgrading to RS/6000 platform (for when
RS/6000 was announced). We spent some time with several of the largest
37x5 customers, but they constantly warned us that communication group
was notorious for political tricks. We thought we had brick walled off
every possible thing that the communication group might do, but what
they did next can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction.

parts of presentations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at internal,
world-wide, annual, communication group conference ... supposedly on
3174 performance ... however he opened his talk with the statement
that the head of the communication group was going to be responsible
for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the
communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate
strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls and
were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server,
trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The
disk division was seeing data fleeing datacenters to more distributed
computing friendly platforms with fall in disk sales. The disk
division had come up with a number of solution to address the
opportunity, but they were constantly being vetoed by the
communication group (with their corporate strategic ownership of
everything that crossed datacenter walls). The mainframe datacenter
stranglehold wasn't just affecting disk sales and a few years later
the company goes into the red.

dumb terminal paradigm and terminal emulation posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: Postal Service seeks record price hikes to bolster falling revenues

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT:  Postal Service seeks record price hikes to bolster falling revenues
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 11 Oct 2018 11:59:54 -0700

hancock4 writes:

CNN reported that the US Postal Service is asking for the biggest
price jump on stamps in its history.  Facing pressure from the Trump
administration to address a revenue shortfall, the Postal Service
on Wednesday proposed raising the price of 1-oz. letters from 50
cents to 55 cents, which would be a record nominal increase if
approved. The price of each additional ounce would go down slightly.

article at:
https://www.cnn.com/2018/10/10/business/us-postal-service-stamp-price-hike/index.html

email and e-commerce has killed a lot of mail volume.  But
postal service cutbacks has discouraged mailers as well.

We still do need a healthy mail system.  Republican policies
have hurt the post office.

2006 congressional law requiring USPS to prefund benefits

USPS Defaults on Billions in Mandatory Payments, Despite Scheduled
Relief
https://www.govexec.com/management/2017/09/usps-defaults-billions-mandatory-payments-despite-scheduled-relief/141404/

The 2006 law requiring the prefunding scheduled the lump-sum payments to
last 10 years, meaning they expired in 2017. USPS must still make its
"normal costs" payments for the retiree health benefits, as well as an
amortization of its future liabilities. It is now also facing amortized
payments to cover its unfunded liabilities in the Civil Service
Retirement System and the Federal Employees Retirement System.

...

US Postal Service workers have a retiree health care benefit in addition
to their pension. Before Congress passed the Postal Accountability and
Enhancement Act of 2006, the USPS operated under a pay-as-you-go model
for retiree health care funding. The new law requires the Postal Service
to pre-fund its benefit obligations.

... snip ...

trivia: as undergraduate, I was hired as fulltime employee into small
group in the Boeing's CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing
Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent
business unit to better monetise the investment, including offering
services for non-Boeing entities). At the time, I thot Renton datacenter
was possibly largest in the world with something like $200M-$300M (60s
dollars) in IBM 360s, with 360/65s arriving faster than they could be
installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around the machine
room. One of the things I did was online CP67 virtual machine (360/67)
system for CFO office (at the time, they only had a 360/30 for payroll).
They also bring the 360/67 SMP from Boeing Huntsville to Seattle.

After graduation, I join the IBM science center at MIT (rather than
remaining at Boeing). CSC ports APL\360 to CP67/CMS for CMS\APL,
extending workspace (and redoing APL garbage collection) for virtual
memory size (from typical 16kbyte apl\360 size) and adding API for
system services (like file read/write) ... enabling lots of real-world
applications.

By then BCS has office in DC and doing government contracts and one of
the CSC people (offspring of one of the people that discovered DNA)
leaves IBM and joins BCS in Washington DC. I stop by and he shows off he
is doing APL analytical analysis justifying postal stamp one cent
increase.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Banking via home computers/internet is a disaster for the computer world

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Banking via home computers/internet is a disaster for the computer world.
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 11 Oct 2018 12:27:13 -0700

David Brown <david.brown@hesbynett.no> writes:

It is impossible to make systems that are entirely 100% secure - all you
can do is reduce the risks as much as practical.  Yes, sophisticated
enough malware could access your netbank in this sort of scenario - but
alternatives such as cash have plenty of risks of their own.  It could
be that here in Norway the risk of getting a malware "break-in" to steal
money is higher than in the USA - but the risk of getting a physical
break-in is much, much lower as people rarely have significant cash.

Still, I do all my net banking using a dedicated user on my Linux
machine.  The chances of getting malware on it is not something I am
concerned about.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#32 Banking via home computers/internet is a disaster for the computer world.

there was still vulnerabilities were malware has control of your PC
...  and can display incorrect information and monitor/change what is
typed. EU has FINREAD as countermeasure ... external hardened
cardreader with its display and keypad ... we do financial standard
that includes option that not only is the token authenticated ...  but
the cardreader is also authenticated ... giving the level of integrity
that the transaction was performed in (transaction done where both the
transaction environment and the token is authentication has higher
level of trust than just authenticating the token. I get a couple
trips to Brussels to participate in EU FINREAD standards. However, EU
FINREAD is part of collaterial damage from the serial-port fiasco and
financial industry pullback from chipcards/tokens

eu finread posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#finread

part of the issue was making the cost to the crook for exploit greater
than any expected ROI ... and have them go someplace else. The
skimming and malware attacks can compromise millions of accounts with
little or no physical effort on the part of the crook.

we had been brought in to help worksmith some cal. state legislation.
At the time they were doing "electronic signature", data breach
notification and "opt-in personal information sharing". Several of
the participants were heavily into privacy issues and done extensive
consumer surveys ... and the #1 issue was identity theft, in the form
of fraudulent financial transactions frequently as result of data
breach.  The issue was that there was little or nothing being done
about breaches and it was hoped that publicity from the breaches would
motivate countermeasures. The problem was that normally
entities take security measures in self-protection, but in case of the
breaches, the institutions were at risk, it was the public.

Part of the financial transaction standard work wasn't to address the
breaches (at least millions of locations around the world), but to
harden the transaction so that crooks weren't able to use information
from breaches (skimming, evesdropping, compromise end-points, etc) to
perform fraudulent financial transactions (eliminating majority of
motivation for the crooks).

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The rise and fall of IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The rise and fall of IBM
Blog: Facebook
Date: 11 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#34 The rise and fall of IBM

long description of FS in first half of 70s
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

folklore is that when FS implodes, some retreat to Rochester and do
greatly simplified FS as S/38. One of the issues is that FS had
scaleup/performance problems ... which greatly affected commercial
dataprocessing ... but not the S/38 target market.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Codd
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edgar_F._Codd

paper 1970 at San Jose Research ... and SQL/Relational System/R
implementation started on VM370 370/145.

System/R posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

Actual first relational product ships on Multics in June 1976 Multics
was on 5th flr, floor above science center that did virtual machine
cp40 and CP67, internal network, invented GML 1969, other stuff.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

The "official" corporate new database was "EAGLE" ... started during
the FS period. Both IMS and EAGLE were impeding System/R. Finally
while corporation was distracted by EAGLE, was able to get SYSTEM/R
tech transfer to Endicott for SQL/DS (under the "radar"). Then when
EAGLE finally implodes, there was a request how fast could SQL/DS be
ported to MVS ... which eventually ships as DB2 ... originally for
decision support only (not to compete with IMS transaction market).

Part of S/38 simplification was all disks in common pool filesystem
with scatter allocation (pieces of files can appear across all
available disks). Doesn't make any difference for single disk systems,
but as scaleup ... all disks have to be backed up and restored as a
single entity ... any single disk failure requires restoring the
complete filesystem. As systems got larger (more disks), this became
increasing catastrophic process. SJ disk engineer got original RAID
patent in 1978, and because single disk failures was so catastrophic,
S/38 was early RAID adopter.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The U.S. Needs to Crack Down on White-Collar Crime

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The U.S. Needs to Crack Down on White-Collar Crime
Blog: Facebook
Date: 15 Oct 2018

The U.S. Needs to Crack Down on White-Collar Crime; What makes Michael
Cohen different from other fraudsters? He got caught.
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2018-10-14/white-collar-crime-more-prosecutions-needed

Rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would
prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did
jailtime, however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because
even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing
reports of public company fraudulent financial reports ... even
showing uptic after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing
jailtime). Joke was that congress felt so badly that one of the big
accounting firms went out of business, the added stringent audit
processes was just a large gift to the audit industry ... but would
change nothing.

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

Somewhat related, during the congressional Madoff hearings, they had
the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to try and get
SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff
turned himself in). Congress asked if new regulations were needed. He
responded that while new regulations might be needed, much more
important was transparency and visibility (possibly because SEC wasn't
doing anything with the regulations they had).

Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

Trump Probably Engaged in Felony Tax Evasion
https://therealnews.com/stories/trump-probably-engaged-in-felony-tax-evasion

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

note bill black S&L scandal, Keating, etc
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

The senators got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one
of those bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called
"Keating Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get
Black -- kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. Of course.[5]

... snip ...

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president
and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L
crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime,
proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 (criminal
convictions with jailtime), so far nobody.

Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The U.S. Needs to Crack Down on White-Collar Crime

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The U.S. Needs to Crack Down on White-Collar Crime
Blog: Facebook
Date: 15 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#38 The U.S. Needs to Crack Down on White-Collar Crimea
also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#26 America's new aristocracy lives in an accountability-free zone

Fed Inspector Turned Whistleblower Reveals System Rigged For Goldman
Sachs
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-10-12/fed-inspector-turned-whistleblower-reveals-system-rigged-goldman-sachs
Goldman Sachs' seedy underbelly exposed in shocking tapes
https://nypost.com/2018/10/11/whistleblowers-new-book-shares-secret-tapes-of-new-goldman-ceo/

whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

in the Madoff hearings, they had the person that tried unsuccessfully
for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC hands were
forced when Madoff turned himself in) ... he mentioned that
tips&whistleblower turn up 13 times more fraud than audits.

madoff psots
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
Blog: Facebook
Date: 15 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#28 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#29 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats

The Man Who Broke Politics; Newt Gingrich turned partisan battles into
bloodsport, wrecked Congress, and paved the way for Trump's rise. Now
he's reveling in his achievements.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/11/newt-gingrich-says-youre-welcome/570832/

But few figures in modern history have done more than Gingrich to lay
the groundwork for Trump's rise. During his two decades in Congress,
he pioneered a style of partisan combat--replete with name-calling,
conspiracy theories, and strategic obstructionism--that poisoned
America's political culture and plunged Washington into permanent
dysfunction. Gingrich's career can perhaps be best understood as a
grand exercise in devolution--an effort to strip American politics of
the civilizing traits it had developed over time and return it to its
most primal essence.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Great Depression II

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Great Depression II
Blog: Facebook
Date: 17 Oct 2018

The Great Depression II
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-10-16/great-depression-ii

Note the repeal of Glass-Steagall wasn't root cause of economic mess
... it was used as excuse to not hold accountable the institutions
that had become Too Big To Fail (as result of Glass-Steagall repeal)
... and then later when they were found to also be money laundering
for drug cartels and terrorists ... start to see references to Too
Big To Prosecute and Too Big To Jail.

too big to fail (too big to prosecure, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

1999, I'm asked to help prevent the coming economic mess, some
investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises,
where then doing Internet IPO mills (invest a few millions, hype, ipo
for a few billion, should fail to leave the field clear for next
round), and were predicted to get into securitize mortgages. I was to
help improve the integrity of supporting documents as countermeasure.
They then start paying rating agencies for triple-A (when the rating
agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional
hearing). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start
doing no-documentation, liar loans. Triple-A significantly contributes
to being able to do over $27T 2001-2008, including selling to
institutions restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like
large pension funds).

(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Decade later, Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s
senate hearings into '29 crash that resulted in Glass-Steagall
and criminal convictions) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between
what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new
congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile
and then get a call saying that it won't be needed after all
(references to capital hill totally buried under enormous mountains of
wallstreet cash).

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Note, the rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent
future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime,
but it required SEC to do something. Possibly because GAO didn't
believe SEC was doing anything, they started doing reports of public
company fraudulent financial reports, even showing fraudulent reports
increased after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Less
well known is that SOX also required SEC to do something about rating
agencies, but they did about as much about rating agencies as they did
about public company fraudulent financial reports.

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
Financial Reporting Fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

In the congressional Madoff hearings, they had testimony from the
person that had tried unsuccesfully for a decade to get SEC to do
something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned
himself in).

Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

also rating agencies

A $1 Trillion Powder Keg Threatens the Corporate Bond Market
https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2018-almost-junk-credit-ratings/?srnd=fixed-income

The resulting acquisition binge left an unprecedented number of major
corporations just a rung or two from junk credit ratings,

...

But those companies, which have almost $1 trillion of debt, have been
allowed to maintain investment-grade ratings by Moody's Investors
Service and S&P Global Ratings.

... snip ...

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president
and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L
crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime,
proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 (criminal
convictions with jailtime), so far nobody.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SCP of file to USS from Mac is corrupted

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: SCP of file to USS from Mac is corrupted
To: <ibm-main@bama.ua.edu>
Date: Thu, 18 Oct 2018 18:56:34 -0700

tom@TOMBRENNANSOFTWARE.COM (Tom Brennan) writes:

Poking the I HATE EBCDIC bear? :)

IBM father of ASCII and "The Biggest Computer Goof Ever" (aka EBCDIC)
... has passed and website gone 404, but it lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

I was myself in charge of such "Logical Systems Standards" for IBM at
the time, and have written 20 papers about ASCII. One doesn't get the
sobriquet "Father of ASCII" for nothing.

...

The culprit was T. Vincent Learson. The only thing for his defense is
that he had no idea of what he had done. It was when he was an IBM Vice
President, prior to tenure as Chairman of the Board, those lofty
positions where you believe that, if you order it done, it actually will
be done. I've mentioned this fiasco elsewhere. Here are some direct
extracts:

... snip ...

more history
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

BIO
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Bemer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Great Depression II

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Great Depression II
Blog: Facebook
Date: 19 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#41 The Great Depression II

Wall Street Loves These Risky Loans. The Rest of Us Should Be
Wary. The C.L.O., a cousin of the mortgage-related product that
malfunctioned a decade ago, has become one of the hottest investments
on Wall Street.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/19/business/economy/clo-corporate-loans.html

Banks pooled millions of mortgages -- some of them to borrowers with a
shaky ability to repay -- to create C.D.O.s. They kept some, and the
rest they sold off to a slew of other investors: in-house hedge funds,
European banks, large American pension plans and more.

... snip ...

doesn't mentioned they payed rating agencies for "triple-A" (when
rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A) allowing them to
selloff to entities restricted to only dealing in "safe investments",
like large pension funds ... significantly contributing to doing over
$27T 2001-2008.

(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Great Depression II

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Great Depression II
Blog: Facebook
Date: 19 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#41 The Great Depression II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#43 The Great Depression II

Stockman: Why Greenspanian Central Banking Is The Mortal Enemy Of
Capitalist Prosperity
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-10-19/stockman-why-greenspanian-central-banking-mortal-enemy-capitalist-prosperity

On This Day In History: The Fed Put Is Born
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-10-19/day-history-fed-put-born

Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Fed Chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Finance Is Too Important to Leave to Larry Summers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why Finance Is Too Important to Leave to Larry Summers
Blog: Facebook
Date: 20 Oct 2018

Mark Ames: Why Finance Is Too Important to Leave to Larry Summers
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/10/mark-ames-finance-important-leave-larry-summers.html
references: Why Larry Summers Should Not Be Permitted to Run Anything
More Important than a Dog Pound
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/07/why-larry-summers-should-not-be-permitted-to-run-anything-more-important-than-a-dog-pound.html

then there is Harvard was hired to send over people to teach
capitalism ... however those sent over were intent on capitalistic
looting ... which gave rise to Putin and their oligarchs ... as
countermeasure to our oligarchs (intent on looting Russia). "Is
Harvard Responsible For Rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the
soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on
looting the country. John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay,
Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true
proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read
an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional
Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every
Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no
confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier
university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be
capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to
scandal and disgrace (gone 404, but lives on wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20160325154522/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com:80/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting
framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself
acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in
Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers,
who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its
cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the
U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

posts references Harvard and Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#56 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#83 Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#65 View of Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#39 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#69 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#82 John Helmer: Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#63 The 17 equations that changed the course of history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#50 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#75 Nassim Nicholas Taleb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#100 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
Blog: Facebook
Date: 20 Oct 2018

A Giant Pile of Money; How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into
Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
https://theintercept.com/2018/10/20/public-pensions-crisis-wall-street-fees/

Public pensions across the country now squander tens of billions of
dollars each year on risky, often poor-performing alternative
investments -- money public pensions can ill afford to waste. For all
the talk of insolvency, $4 trillion now sits in the coffers of the
country's public pensions. It's a giant pile of money of intense
interest to Wall Street -- one generally overseen by boards stocked
with laypeople, often political appointees. "Time and again," Siedle
has written, "hucksters successfully pull the wool over these boards'
eyes."

... snip ...

1999 I was asked to try and help stop the coming economic mess (we
failed). They said that some of the investment bankers had walked away
"clean" from the S&L crises, were then running Internet IPO mills
(invest a few million, hyp, IPO for a few billion, should fail to
leave the field clear for next round) and were predicted to next get
into mortgages.

I was to improve the integrity of securitized mortgage supporting
documents as countermeasure. They then find they can pay for triple-A
rating (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A,
from Oct2008 congressional hearings). Triple-A trumps supporting
documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans (no
documents, no document integrity issues), spinning off the
transactions as fast as possible, no longer needing to care about
borrower's qualifications or loan quality (largely enabling being able
to do over $27T 2001-2008 unloading into the bond market, including
selling to entities restricted to only dealing in safe investments,
like large pension funds).

Decade later (Jan2009), I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s
senate hearings into '29 crash, responsible for criminal convictions
and Glass-Steagall, had been scanned fall 2008 at Boston Library) with
lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what
happened this time (comments that new congress might have appetite to
do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it
won't be needed after all (reference to enormous mountains of
wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill). S&L crises had 1000
criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally, economic mess
should have 70,000, so far there have been none.

Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"It Will Not End Well" - How Gibson's Paradox Has Been Buried

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: "It Will Not End Well" - How Gibson's Paradox Has Been Buried
Blog: Facebook
Date: 20 Oct 2018

"It Will Not End Well" - How Gibson's Paradox Has Been Buried
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-10-20/it-will-not-end-well-how-gibsons-paradox-has-been-buried

Gibson's paradox is now explained and is no longer a paradox. The
relationship between bond yields and the general price level in the
context of manufacturing still exists. It has only been buried,
because manufacturing has become a minor part of the modern
economy. The saver is euthanised, and private sector wealth has become
overly-dependent on financial speculation. It will not end well.

... snip ...

The American Economy Is Rigged
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-american-economy-is-rigged/

America has long outdone others in its level of inequality, but in the
past 40 years it has reached new heights. Whereas the income share of
the top 0.1 percent has more than quadrupled and that of the top 1
percent has almost doubled, that of the bottom 90 percent has
declined. Wages at the bottom, adjusted for inflation, are about the
same as they were some 60 years ago! In fact, for those with a high
school education or less, incomes have fallen over recent
decades. Males have been particularly hard hit, as the U.S. has moved
away from manufacturing industries into an economy based on services.

... snip ...

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
Blog: Facebook
Date: 21 Oct 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#46 How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees

Public Pensions for Sale, Part 2; Kentucky's willingness to gamble
massively on high-risk alternative investments for its pensions has
made the state an easy mark for Wall Street hucksters
https://theintercept.com/2018/10/21/kentucky-pensions-crisis-hedge-funds/

This is akin to what "wall street hucksters" did during S&L Crisis,
selling "junk bonds" to S&Ls in the 80s.  Because the industry got
such a bad reputation during the "S&L Crises", they changed the name
of "junk bonds" to "high yield bonds" ... and the industry name to
Private Equity.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
Private Equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PC Personal Computing Market

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PC Personal Computing Market
Blog: Facebook
Date: 23 Oct 2018

Note that foreign auto import quotas was to reduce competition and
give US auto companies enormous profits that they would use to
completely remake themselves. However, they just pocketed the money
and continued business as usual and in the early 80s there was a call
for 100% unearned profit tax on the US auto industry. 1990, the US
auto industry had "C4 taskforce" to look at completely remaking
themselves and because they were planning on heavily leveraging
technology, they invited representatives from major technology
companies to participate. During the meetings, they could accurately
describe what the foreign competition was doing right and all the
things that the US industry had to change. Offline I would chide the
mainframe brethren how could they expect to contribute because they
suffered from many of the same shortcomings as the US auto
industry. Note that the more recent auto bailouts demonstrated that
they still weren't able to remake themselves.

from law of unintended consequences, in the early 80s because of the
reduced competition they were able to nearly double price of their
cars (behind enormous increased profits). However because consumer
earnings hadn't increased, they had to go from 36 month auto loans to
60 and 72 month loans. This required that warranties had to be
increased to periods comparable to loan period. They were then being
eaten by warranty costs ... and forced into address some of the
quality issues.

C4 task force posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#c4.taskforce

also 1990 there were predictions that emerging HDTV would be behind
all new electronics (predicting that the required high volume, high
performance electronics would also be the basis for everything from
PCs to supercomputers). Dept of Commerce was sponsoring all these
meetings to constantly make trivial changes to the HDTV standard
trying to give US makers competitive advantage (lead time) ... as all
TV makers were moving to asia. Then the rise of the Internet was major
factor spurring consumer volumes for PCs and the PC volumes (and
driver for electronics) started to overshadow the predicted HDTV
volumes.

The initial IBM/PC volumes were spurred by (dumb) 3270 terminal
emulation ... business market where large corporation had
justification for tens of thousands of 3270s could switch to IBM/PC
for about the same price and in single desktop footprint get 3270
terminal and some local computing capacity (giving great competitive
advantage with PCs targeted at infant personal computing market). My
brother was regional apple market rep and when he came into town I
could go to apple business dinners and argue with MAC developers
(before MAC had been announced) about MAC design.

Then the rise of the internet gave enormous boost to the consumer PC
market and clone markers stepped in with products with price point for
that market.

periodically repeated story: a senior disk engineer got a talk
scheduled at internal, world-wide, annual, communication group
conference ... supposedly on 3174 performance ... however he opened
his talk with the statement that the head of the communication group
was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The
issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters
with corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed
datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing
and client/server, trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and
install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing datacenters to
more distributed computing friendly platforms with fall in disk
sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solution to
address the opportunity, but they were constantly being vetoed by the
communication group. The mainframe datacenter stranglehold wasn't just
affecting disk sales and a few years later the company goes into the
red.

dumb terminal paradigm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

A co-worker leaves SJR and is doing a lot of consulting work for chip
houses in silicon valley. At one large chip house (engineering senior
VP had used CP67/CMS as young engineer in the 60s), he got AT&T C
running on CMS, did several compiler performance enhancements and was
porting lots of UNIX-based VLSI chip design tools to CMS. One day the
IBM marketing rep asked him what he was doing. He said he was adding
ethernet support to connect in SGI workstations. The marketing rep
told him that if he didn't do token-ring instead, the company might
not get the timely mainframe support they were use to. I then get an
hour call having to listen to lots of four letter words. The next
morning the senior VP has press conference to announce they were
moving off mainframe to SUN servers. Then IBM has some number of
taskforces to look at why silicon valley was moving off mainframe
(however, they weren't allowed to consider the real reasons).

1980, there was effort to use 801/risc Iliad chip for the low-end and
mid-range 370 microprocessors (4361&4381 followon to 4331&4341),
AS/400 followon to S/38, multitude of controller processors, etc. For
various reasons, (almost) all of these efforts floundered and things
returned to business as usual with CISC chips (saw some number of
engineers go to work on RISC efforts at other vendors).

Research/OPD 801/risc ROMP processor chip was going to be
DISPLAYWRITER follow-on. When that got canceled, they decided to
retargeted it to the unix workstation market ... hiring the company
that had done the AT&T unix port to the IBM/PC for PC/IX to do a port
to ROMP (becomes AIX).

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

The price-point for these 801/risc processors were well above most of
the PC market (as was PS2).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Personal_System/2

Overall, the PS/2 line was largely unsuccessful with the consumer
market, even though the PC based Models 30 and 25 were an attempt to
address it. With what was widely seen as a technically competent but
cynical attempt to gain undisputed control of the market, IBM
unleashed an industry backlash, which went on to standardize, VESA,
EISA and PCI. In large part, IBM failed to establish a link in the
consumer's mind between the PS/2 MicroChannel architecture and the
immature OS/2 1.x operating system; the more capable OS/2 version 2.0
did not release until 1992.[13]

The firm suffered massive financial losses for the remainder of the
1980s, forfeiting its previously unquestioned position as the industry
leader, and eventually lost its status as the largest manufacturer of
personal computers, first to Compaq and then to Dell. From a high of
10,000 employees in Boca Raton before the PS/2 came out, only seven
years later, IBM had $600 million in unsold inventory and was laying
off staff by the thousands.[14][15][full citation needed] After the
failure of the PS/2 line to establish a new standard, IBM was forced
to revert to building ISA PCs--following the industry it had once
led--with the low-end PS/1 line and later with the more compatible
Aptiva and PS/ValuePoint lines.

... snip ...

30yrs of personal computer market
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/

past posts mentioning arstechnica PC market article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#4 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#56 Steve Jobs passed away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#80 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#28 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#54 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#72 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#73 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#103 Old word processors

posts mentioning HDTV & dept commerce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#73 how old are you guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#62 Cray-1 Anniversary Event - September 21st
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#50 Is computer history taugh now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#50 US or China?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#47 dig. TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#69 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#87 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#41 President Obama announces semiconductor industry working group to review U.S. competitiveness

posts mentioning dataquest PC market study for IBM Boca
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#55 Moore law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#21 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#81 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#60 more on (the new 40+ yr old) virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#5 Houses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#69 Intel's Future is integrated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#62 How long before Microsoft goes the way of DEC (and in part, IBM)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#10 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#78 SLIGHTLY OT - Home Computer of the Future (not IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#44 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#20 9th Feb 2014
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#24 IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#26 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#46 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#94 What would Klinger look like in business attire?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#23 IBM "Breakup"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#26 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#33 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#110 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#113 IBM PS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#0 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#89 Obsolete processors, 286 vs. 386

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think.
Blog: Facebook
Date: 24 Oct 2018

More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think. Here's Why One
Expert Thinks That History Isn't Better Known
http://time.com/5414055/american-nazi-sympathy-book/

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's industry,
economy and military after WW1 through early 40s.
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan &
Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there,
including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and
General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active
regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences; 1943 US Strategic Bombing
Program needing German industrial and military targets and coordinates,
got the information and detailed plans from wallstreet.

June 1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC
Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to
hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at
NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad
reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, approved a
major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

results included adding "In God We Trust" to money and "under God" to
the pledge of allegiance, it was also extended in the 50s as part of
fighting the "red menace" ... further obfuscating the role they played
in supporting Nazis.

Note that major neutrality bill was by members of congress that were
disgusted with the enormous WW1 profiteering that they had
seen. Industrialists wanting to do business with Nazis, supported
propaganda ("fake news"?) that respun this as part of isolationism.

recent posts mentionin Dulles, Intrepid, "under God", etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#8 The First World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#49 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#66 off topic  1952  B-52 ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#67 IBM's Chief Executive's Message to Shareholders 75 Years Ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#58 We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#61 How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#101 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#103 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#33 old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#70 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#77 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017; The ratio of CEO-to-worker compensation grew to 312-to-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#78 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Nov 2018 11:55:07 -0800

françai s <romapera15@gmail.com> writes:

All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the
1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?

The majority of programmers that developed in machine code and
Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?

60s, undergraduate spring semester took 2hr fortran intro to computing
... univ. had 709 running tape-to-tape IBSYS with 1401 (MPIO) front
end doing card->tape and tape->printer/punch. That summer they
replaced 1401 with 360/30 (as part of transition to replacing 709/1401
with 360/67, initially sold for tss/360) and I get summer job to
rewrite 1401 MPIO in 360 assembler (even tho MPIO would still run in
1401 emulation mode). Univ. datacenter shutdown 8am sat. to 8am monday
... and I would get the whole place dedicated for 48hrs straight every
weekend ... which continues thru school year (made monday morning
classes a little hard going 48hrs w/o sleep). I get to
design/implement/debug monitor/supervisor, devices drivers, interrupt
handlers, error recovery, storage management, console interface,
etc. I fairly quickly learn that first thing when I come in was to
clean all the tape drives and disassemble the 2540 reader/punch for
cleaning. Also periodically 3rd shift had finished early and powered
everything off and turned out the lights. 360/30 would periodically
not complete powered on, and eventually I found all the controller
"CE" switches ... put everything in CE-mode, powered on the 360/30 and
then powered on each controller and returned to normal mode.

I eventually had box of cards (2000 statement assemble program). It
had assembly option that would generate TXT deck to run "stand-alone"
with BPS loader ... or under OS/360 with data services macros.
"Stand-alone" version took a little less than 30mins to assemble
(under os/360 pcp release 6, on 360/30). The OS/360 version took over
an hour to assemble, added time effectively all was DCB macro
processing, six DCB macros at around 6mins (or so) per DCB

Then 709&360/30 is then replaced with 360/67 and I'm hired
fulltime responsible for systems (actually 360/67 originally for
tss/360, but tss/360 never came to production fruition, so ran os/360
as 360/65) ... and I continue to own the datacenter all to myself on
the weekend.

student fortran jobs took less than second on 709 tape->tape ibsys,
initially they were taking over minute on 360/65 OS/360. Installing
hasp cut that about in half. I redid OS/360 system generation to
optimize disk arm seek and PDS directory multi-track search ... that
cut elapsed time to 12.9secs (nearly additional three times speedup).

three people from IBM Cambridge Science Center come out last week
Jan1968 to install CP/67 ... and I get to rewrite much of the code and
play with it on weekends.

from old archived posts, part of Fall '68 presentation at (IBM user
group) SHARE ... mentioning reworking OS/360 ... and rewriting much of
CP67 kernel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18 CP/67 & OS MFT14

it wasn't until installing WATFOR, that student fortran was running
faster than on 709.

CP67 had support for automatic terminal type recognition (for 2741
& 1052) using terminal controller "SAD" command to switch
line/port scanner type. Univ had some number of TTY/ASCII and I
extended terminal type recognition to do 2741, 1052, &
TTY/ASCII. I then wanted to have single dial-in number ("hunt group")
for all terminal types ... which wouldn't quite work. While the
terminal controller supported changing the line/port scanner type
... the line speeds were hard-wired (2741&1052 the same, but
TTY/ASCII slower).

This was part of motivation for univ. to start clone controller
project. We built channel interface board for Interdata/3 that was
programmed to emulate terminal controller ... with the addition that
it would do automatic line speed. This was upgraded to Interdata/4 for
the channel interface with cluster of Interdata/3s handling ports (and
Interdata starts selling them as clone controllers, later sold under
P/E logo after P/E buys Interdata). Four of us then get written up for
being responsible for (some part of) clone controller business. Around
turn of the century visiting large datacenter, I run into one of the
still running P/E boxes handling majority of east coast point-of-sale,
card swipe dial-up terminals.

IBM science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
360 plug compatible controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

before I graduate (and still 60s), I'm hired fulltime into small group
into Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer
Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business
unit to better monetize the investment, including services for
non-Boeing entities). At the time CFO office only had 360/30 for
payroll, but was trying to take over Renton datacenter which had
$200M-$300M (60s dollars) in IBM 360s, 360/65s arriving faster than
they could be installed, boxes constantly being staged in hallways
around the machine room. I do get 360/67 at hdqtrs to play with
CP/67. 747#3 was flying skies of seattle getting FAA flt
certification. When I graduate, instead of staying at Boeing I join
the IBM science center at MIT.

misc. web refs:

WATFOR was precursor to WATFIV
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WATFIV

some of the MIT CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
had done to the 5th flr to do MULTICS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics
others went to the science center on the 4th flr, did virtual
machines (cp40 & cp67), internal network, bunch of online
stuff, invented GML 1969 (decade later morphs into ISO SGML
and another decade morphs into HTML at CERN)
CP67
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
interdata
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata
hunt group:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting

Many univ. were sold 360/67 for tss/360, tss/360 never came to fruition,
many resorted to using them as 360/65 for OS/360, but a couple did their
own virtual memory systems

MTS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michigan_Terminal_System
MTS did their own clone terminal controller with PDP-8
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html
Stanford reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ORVYL_and_WYLBUR

other trivia, followon to CP67 was (virtual machine) VM370.
both (stanford) SLAC and CERN (sister organizations) were
long time VM370 users ... and first US webserver was SLAC
VM370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Nov 2018 12:34:33 -0800

James Dow Allen <jdallen2000@yahoo.com> writes:

BTW, in the mid 1970's I wrote small fragments of microcode for
370/3135 and 370/3145.  Has anyone else still here done that?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?

there was guy at IBM Palo Alto science center that did the APL microcode
assist for 370/145 (ran lot of apl code as fast as 370/168), also worked
on
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5100

First half of 70s, IBM had the future system project ... some past
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

which was going to replace 370 and completely different. Internal
politics whas shutting down 370 efforts and lack of 370 products during
the period is credited with giving clone processor vendors market
foothold. When FS implodes, there was mad rush to get stuff back into
product pipelines. Part of that was kicking off quick&dirty 303x & 3081
in parallel.

I get con'ed into some of the efforts, one was microcode assists for
138/148 (135/145 followon). Was told that there was 6k bytes of
microcode space for assists and was to select highest 6k byte kernel
pathlengths for redoing in microcode (at the time it was taking avg of
ten microcode instructions to emulate 370 instruction, so direct
translation to microcode was about ten times speedup).

two things done to identify the highest executed kernel paths. One was
putting logged timestamps all through the kernel and calculating
differences between two timestamps. the other was working with the PASC
145 microcode person for a "kernel" PSW address "sampler" ... that would
increment (microcode) counter for each kernel 32byte address range. This
is old post of the data from the timestamp calculations ... showing
highest executed 6k bytes account for 79.55 of kernel execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

at the same time, I got con'ed into (microcode) enhancements for
370/125. 115&125 had nine position memory bus for microprocessors
... all the microprocessors were the same ... one with microcode for
emulating 370 and rest with microcode implementing (device) controller
functions. 125 was identical except the microprocessor emulating 370 was
50% faster. The objective was do SMP multiprocessor support that would
have up to five 370/125 processors ... leaving room for up to four
device controllers (disk, communication, etc).

In addition to 148ECPS for 125, I also put much of SMP dispatching into
microcode with queued interface for pending processor execution and
another queued interface for application interrupts needing kernel
services (something like what the intel i432 did later). Also all disk
I/O queued interface for start/interrupt ... sort of superset of 370/xa
SSCH.

The 148 people complained that 5processor 125 would overlap their
processing power ... in escalation meetings, I was asked to argue for
both sides for/against 148ECPS and for/against 125SMP. The 148ECPs
faction won and 125SMP never came out. I did redo the 125SMP microcode
design in assembler for standard VM370 SMP support running on 158&168
SMP.

past 125SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce
past SMP/multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlc.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

online computer conferencing, was: System level coding examples

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: online computer conferencing, was: System level coding examples
To: <ibm-main@bama.ua.edu>
Date: Fri, 16 Nov 2018 14:32:20 -0800

bchapman22@GMAIL.COM (Brian Chapman) writes:

I didn't realize that the listserv even existed. I thought the Google
newsgroup was the primary forum.

this discussion group originated with listserv (mailing list) on
corporate sponsored university BITNET in the 80s. it then transitioned
to TCP/IP and the internet ... along with a "gateway" for outgoing
listserv to usenet discussion groups (on internet).  More recently,
google acquired the usenet discussion groups archive and merged them
into google groups ... along with a gateway from ongoing usenet
discussion groups to google groups (aka ibm-main list appears as
bit.listserv.ibm-main in the usenet news bit.listserv hierarchy and
goes by same name in google groups).

things will go from:

listserv->(internet)usenet news groups->google groups

but not reverse direction. usenet postings will show up in google
groups (but not listserv), google group postings only show up at
google but not listserv or usenet.

grandfather of all this is TYMSHARE's early 70s CMS-based online
computer conferencing that they started providing to SHARE for free in
AUG1976 ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I had cut deal with TYMSHARE to get monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE
files for putting up on internal systems and network. The biggest
problem I had was with corporate lawyers who were afraid of exposing
general employees to customer information.

bitnet & listserv
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
http://www.lsoft.com/products/listserv-history.asp
https://www.livinginternet.com/u/ui_bitnet.htm

usenet news
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Usenet

google acquaires the deja usenet newsgroup archive
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Groups#History

virtual machines, cp40, cp67 (percursor to vm370), networking
technology used for the internal network (larger than internet/arpanet
from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s, also used for
corporate sponsored university BITNET, also larger than
arpanet/internet for some time), lots of online applications, etc, all
from the IBM cambridge science center in the 60s. GML was also
invented at the science center in 1969 (3letters for the last names of
inventors, decade later morphs into ISO SGML, another decade morphs
into HTML at CERN).

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network
in the late 70s & early 80s. Folklore is that when corporate executive
committee was told about online computer conferencing (and internal
network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. One of the results was an official
online discussion tool ... which was superset of combined
usenet&listserv (or listserv was subset of the internal tool).

internal online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET (& EARN) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PROFS, email, 3270

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PROFS, email, 3270
Blog: Facebook
Date: 17 Nov 2018

PROFS group picked up a number of internal applications for use, one
was a very early version of VMSG for the email client. When the VMSG
author offered them a much enhanced version, they tried to get him
fired (having taken credit for everything in PROFS). Everything
quieted down when the author demonstrated that every PROFS note
contained his initials in non-displayed field. After that he only
shared source with me and one other person.

Somebody with every possible security clearance was needed to scan the
backup tapes for the congressional subpoena ... that caught
Ollie. Middle 90s, the first lady's aid was implicated in canceling
backups, loosing tens of thousand of emails. GSA then significantly
tightened up backup procedures. With the new enforced backup
procedures, after the start of the century the new administration
moved to using non-GOV email servers ... resulting in loss of millions
of emails. More recently, former first lady, and at the time, sec. of
state, was familiar with need to use non-GOV email servers.

Certain 3-letter gov. agency was heavy user starting with CP67 in the
60s ... and very active in (IBM user group) SHARE (SHARE installation
codes were 3-letter and they chose CAD ... supposedly for
cload-and-dagger). They showed some use/load activities over the day
... first peaking around 10am in the morning ... after morning coffee,
people were reading all the dispatches that had been arriving from
around the world over night. You can sometimes see their installation
code in the VMSHARE archives (TYMSHARE started providing their
CMS-based online computer conferencing system for free to SHARE in
AUG1976)
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

VMSG author also wrote parasite/story .... late 70s, 3270 simulator
application (using VM370 psuedo device support) with HLLAPI-like
language ... so small ran in CMS transient area. More detailed
description in this archived old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#35 and "story" that connects to RETAIN (through CCDN gateway) and downloads "PUT BUCKETs"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#36

CTSS EMAIL history
https://multicians.org/thvv/mail-history.html
https://multicians.org/thvv/anhc-34-1-anec.html

some of the CTSS people went to the 5th flr and did multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics
others went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did virtual
machine (cp/40 & cp/67, precursors to VM/370), networking technology
(used for the internal network and later for the corporate sponsored
university BITNET), lots of online applications, invented GML in 1969
(three letters for inventors last name, decade later morphs into ISO
SGML and after another decade morphs into HTML at CERN)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating
systems for internal datacenters and (eventually becoming world-wide)
CMS-based online sales&marketing support HONE systems was long time
customers. I was asked to go over for some of the early HONE installs
outside US ... including when EMEA hdqtrs moved from NY to Paris (and
needed a Paris HONE system). One of things I remember from that trip
was it took some fiddling in Paris on how to read my email back in the
states ... of course, those things are much easier now.

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating
systems for internal datacenters and (eventually becoming world-wide)
CMS-based online sales&marketing support HONE systems was long time
customers. I was asked to go over for some of the early HONE installs
outside US ... including when EMEA hdqtrs moved from NY to Paris (and
needed a Paris HONE system). One of things I remember from that trip
was it took some fiddling in Paris on how to read my email back in the
states ... of course, those things are much easier now.

3270 keyboard would lock if you attempted to hit key when system was
writing to the screen. 3277 had electronics in the head. There was
FIFO box built for 3277, unplug keyboard from the head, plug in the
FIFO box into head, and plug keyboard into the FIFO box. The FIFO box
would queue keystrokes in the box if couldn't transmit, avoiding
keyboard lock. significantly improving human factors.

3278 moved the electronics back into the controller (to reduce
manufacturing cost), it made things much slower (hardware response
went from 3277 .089secs, to minimum 3278 .3secs, but frequently much
worse) because of the significant increase in chatter between the 3278
and controller (later IBM/PC with 3277 card upload/download was three
times faster than IBM/PC with 3278 card). Complaints to 3278 product
administrator eventually got a response that the 3278 wasn't designed
for interactive computing, but for data entry.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PC Personal Computing Market

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PC Personal Computing Market
Blog: Facebook
Date: 17 Nov 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#49 PC Personal Computing Market

part of communication group effort to maintain dumb terminal paradigm
(fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing) was
block release of mainframe TCP/IP support. Eventually when they could
no longer block it, they changed their story that since communication
group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter
wall, TCP/IP had to be released through communication group. What was
finally released was kneecapped in various ways ... price, throughput,
performance, etc (got 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090
processor). I then did the changes to support RFC1044 and in some
throughput tests at Cray Research between (IBM) 4341 and Cray, got
channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor
(something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction
executed).  1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

The (IBM) internal network (not SNA), larger than arpanet/internet
from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s, fell behind
internet node numbers, in part because started seeing PC TCP/IP nodes
on the internet, while PCs on the internal network were restricted to
being dumb terminal emulation. Also in the 2nd half of the 80s, the
communication was spreading lots of mis-information that 1) internal
network had to be converted to SNA/VTAM or internal network would stop
working and 2) that SNA/VTAM could support NSFNET (TCP/IP) backbone
(precursor to the modern internet). past NSFNET psts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Lots of this SNA/VTAM internal misinformation email was gatherred up
by somebody and forwarded to me (with comments). In the past I've
posted this to internet, heavily snipped and redacted to protect the
guilty. NSF related email

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet trivia: in the 90s, Postel (internet standards RFC Editor) before he passes, use to let me help do STD1. He also sponsored my talk on what had to be done to internet to make in industrial strength dataprocessing (standing room only at ISI, with graduate network computer dept over from USC). -- virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Too Rich to Jail

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Too Rich to Jail
Blog: Facebook
Date: 18 Nov 2018

Too Rich to Jail
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/17/opinion/sunday/trump-bankers-fraud.html

too big to jail (too big to fail, too big to prosecute)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

1999, I was asked to help stop the coming economic mess (we
failed). Then in Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings
(30s senate hearings into '29 crash), with lots of internal HREFs and
URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (reference
that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on
it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all
(comment that there were huge mountains of wallstreet cash totally
burying capital hill & that there was possibly only one or two honest
members of congress left).

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President.
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM
debt strategy against the American public. other references were about
new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et
al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him
elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the
too big to fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most
of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't
going to hold anybody responsible).

... also (back to the 80s), VP and former CIA director repeatedly
claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president
and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L
crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime,
proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 (criminal
convictions with jailtime), so far nobody.

other recent posts mentioning "confidence men"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#52 How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#60 Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#104 Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#18 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#4 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#10 Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DASD Development

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: DASD Development
Blog: Facebook
Date: 19 Nov 2018

DASD engineering bldg 14 "testcells" were locked wire cages ... badges
were coded for which doors they opened. Getting into bldg 14 was
different code for getting into the machine room with
testcells. Something similar for bldg 15 product test next door
(coding for bldg 15 machine room was different from bldg 15 exterior
doors). Also rule that none of development engineers from bldg 14 had
access to bldg 15 product test ... keeping clear separation brick wall
between development and product test. I was one of the few people that
had badge coded for every door and I didn't even work for the disk
division ... I was just random person from san jose research across
the street in bldg. 28 that was allowed to wander around.

When I first transferred there all testing was being done on stand
alone machine, prescheduled 7x24. They had once tried MVS for multiple
concurrent testing, but MVS had 15mins MTBF in that environment. I
offered to rewrite I/O supervisor so it was bullet proof and never
fail ... allowing on-demand, anytime concurrent testing ...
significantly improving productivity. This got me sucked into being
blamed any time they had some sort of problem and I would have to come
in and diagnose something that was almost always a hardware problem.

Several years later when 3380 was preparing to ship, FE had error
regression, 57 errors that they were able emulate where MVS was still
crashing in all 57 cases (requiring re-ipl) and in 2/3rds of the cases
there was no indication of what caused the re-ipl. old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801015

In internal document describing the I/O supervisor rewrite, I happened
to mentioned the MVS 15min MTBF ... which brought down the wrath of
the MVS group on my head.

Bldg. 15 product test would get early engineering machines for dasd
test ... second or third operation machines ... 3033, 4341, etc. Since
DASD testing only took a couple percent of the system, we set up in
house time-sharing service on the 3033 ... found spare strings of 16
3330s.

When initially set up, somebody was running thin-film head air bearing
simulation (floating head) on the 370/195 over in bldg. 28, but was
lucky to get (high-priority) one week turn around. We setup so he
could run on our in-house 3033 service ... even though 3033 run time
was more than twice 195 ... they could still get several turn arounds
a day (compared to be lucky to get one-week turn around on 195)

We also did fiddling with boxes ... when 3274 controller first
arrived, the boxes were constantly required to be manually
reset/re-impl. We found that if you hit every 3274 subchannel address
with HDV/CLRIO in tight loop, the 3274 would re-impl on its own. We
found we could do something similar with the 3033 channel director to
prompt it to re-impl.

posts mentioning getting to play disk engineering in bldg14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

So much for THAT excuse | Computerworld SHARK TANK

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: So much for THAT excuse | Computerworld SHARK TANK
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Tue, 20 Nov 2018 20:26:30 -0800

0000000a2a8c2020-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Tom Marchant) writes:

No. It never sets the zone bits to 0.
It sets the zone bits to F when in EBCDIC mode and to 5 when in ASCII mode.

Don't forget ASCII was a 7-bit code. IBM was probably among the first to
design an 8-bit extension. I don't know when an 8-bit ASCII standard was
introduced.

The greatest computer "goof", 360 was supposed to be ASCII, by the (IBM)
father of ASCII (website gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine):
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

Who Goofed?

The culprit was T. Vincent Learson. The only thing for his defense is
that he had no idea of what he had done. It was when he was an IBM Vice
President, prior to tenure as Chairman of the Board, those lofty
positions where you believe that, if you order it done, it actually will
be done. I've mentioned this fiasco elsewhere. Here are some direct
extracts:

... snip ...

bemer history index page
https://web.archive.org/web/20180402200149/http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

Bob Bemer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Bemer
Computer Pioneer Bob Bemer, 84
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A4138-2004Jun24.html
Robert W. Bemer, 84, Pioneer In Computer Programming
https://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/25/us/robert-w-bemer-84-pioneer-in-computer-programming.html
Robert W. Bemer
http://history.computer.org/pioneers/bemer.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1970s school compsci curriculum--what would you do?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1970s school compsci curriculum--what would you do?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 21 Nov 2018 13:32:27 -0800

timcaffrey420 writes:

In 1975 (or probably earlier) my school got a couple of teletypes they
could use to access the school system's IBM 370 running VM.  Each
teletype had access to its own virtual machine running CMS (which was
a good thing, we got really good at crashing CMS).

The (tall) math teacher that taught the class eventually left for a
programming job.

The local technical college had an IBM 1130 clone which the math club
(for local high school students) used in a programming contest.

- Tim

as undergraduate in the 60s, I was hired fulltime to be responsible for
the os/360 administration and academic production system. Three people
came out from the science center last week Jan1968 to install CP67/CMS
(precursor to VM370/CMS) and I got to play with it on weekends
... rewritting large amount of CP67 code (which was picked up and
shipped in standard product). The original code supported 1052 and 2741
terminals, and one of the things I had to do was add TTY/ASCII terminal
support. After graduating, I joined the science center.

In the 70s, some of the science center split off to form the VM370
development group ... as part of the rewrite of CP67 to VM370 they
dropped and/or simplified lots of CP67.

Early 1974, I started work on moving lots of code from CP67 to VM370
... finally finishing a lot of it spring 1975. archived old email:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced production operating
systems for internal datacenters ... and sometimes some of the work
would be periodically picked up for standard release and shipped to
customers. Pieces of the CP67->VM370 work didn't start shipping to
customers until sometime 1976.

One of the things done for performance work was synthetic workloads and
configuration controls for automated benchmarking. Starting with
standard vm370, it was guaranteed to crash vm370. I had to redo
significant amount of the vm370 serialization and integrity
infrastructure in order to eliminate the automated benchmarking
guaranteed system crashes (as well as zombie users).

past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
past automated benchmarking posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#benchmark

somebody at the science center (4th flr, 545 tech sq) had ported PDP1
spacewar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spacewar%21
to a 2250mod4 (i.e. 1130+2250 display)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_2250

After joining the science center, I would sometimes would bring my kids
in on weekends and let them play spacewars ... keyboard was divided in
half for two-person play controls..

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1970s school compsci curriculum--what would you do?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1970s school compsci curriculum--what would you do?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 21 Nov 2018 16:34:50 -0800

maus <mausg@mail.com> writes:

AFAIK or know, the problem is that the Internet was supposed to
survive a nuclear war. What  we have is better than that, for
a while, anyway.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#59 1970s school compsci curriculum--what would you do?

Supposedly IMP-based ARPANET was designed to be significantly resilient
to network damage/outage.  However just before cutover to
internetworking protocol, 1Jan1983, there were 100 IMPs (and 255
connected hosts) ... and observation was that IMP administration chatter
totally saturated the links whenever anything happened (aka it didn't
scale well, administration overhead increasingly non-linear with number
of IMPs).

we had been working with some people at Oracle on scaleup of cluster
Oracle to commercial 128-way .... when our cluster scaleup was
transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (we had also been working
with national labs and other gov. agencies on technical/scientific
cluster scaleup) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more
than four processors (contributing factor was mainframe DB2 complained
that if we were allowed to go ahead, it would be at least five years
ahead of them) ... we leave a few months later. old archive post about
Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room (just weeks before cluster
scaleup transfer)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

later two of the people in the meeting had left Oracle, and were
working were at a small client/server startup responsible for
something called "commercial server" and we were brought in as
consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the
server, they had also invented some technology called "SSL" they
wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic
commerce".

I had absolute authority over webservers to payment networks (but
could only make recommentations between servers and client ... some of
which were almost immediately violated and have accounted for some
number of vulnerabilities and exploits).

Shift-4 was payment service & and transaction protocol (primarily
used by T&E industry, especially Las Vegas hotels and casinos)
... and was the transaction protocol was selected for use between the
servers and internet gateway that interfaced to payment networks. At
the time, payment operation centers had requirement of 5min elapsed
time for first level problem determination ... but problem
determination was primarily based on circuit based infrastructure
(that didn't translate directly to packet-based Internet). Early
webserver test had situation where service disruption was closed with
NTF (no trouble found) after three hrs of manual trouble shooting. I
had to do bunch of software compensating procedures and write
diagnostic manual for commercial transition from circuit-based
infrastructure to packet-based infrastructure.

For internet partitioning and outages, started out with multiple
connections between payment gateways and multiple different critical
places in internet backbones and advertising routes via routed.
However during the "electronic commerce" development period, the
internet backbone transitions to hierarchical routing (because
advertised routes wasn't scaling). That left fallback to just DNS
multiple A-records (i.e. webserver mapping to multiple IP
addresses). On the startup client/browser side, they kept claiming
that supporting multiple A-records (when unable to connect to first
ip-address, try any additional ip-addresses) was too complex (even
when I provided client examples from tcp/ip reno&tahoe
distributions). It took another year to get the browser people to
support multiple A-records.

Until he passes, Postel (internet standards RFC editor) use to let me
help with (periodically re-issued) STD1. He also sponsored my "Why
Internet Isn't Business Critical Dataprocessing" talk at ISI (and
invited USC computer networking graduate department, standing room
only). Of course, going on 25yrs later, lots of the stuff is old hat
now at Internet operation centers. Just guessing, that (at least some)
current "Shift4" POS terminals are running over the Internet.

I've periodically pontificated over the years that it can take
ten times the effort of a well designed & tested application to
turn it into business critical service ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#62 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#49 "Perfect" or "Provable" security both crypto and non-crypto?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#20 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#37 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#76 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#77 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#23 Outsourcing loosing steam?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#54 Industry Standard Time To Analyze A Line Of Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#41 IBM announced z10 ..why so fast...any problem on z 9
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#50 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#35 Builders V. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#0 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#27 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#67 Somewhat off-topic: comp-arch.net cloned, possibly hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#44 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Why Not Pick All Three?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#13 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#86 Economic Failures of HTTPS Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#146 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#27 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#23 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#18 progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#42 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lawmakers Leak Plan For $3 Billion Pension-Fund Bailout

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Lawmakers Leak Plan For $3 Billion Pension-Fund Bailout
Blog: Facebook
Date: 24 Nov 2018

Oct2008 congressional hearing testimony was that rating agencies were
being paid for triple-A ratings on securitized mortgages when they
(rating agencies) knew they weren't worth triple-A. The triple-A
rating contributed significantly to being able to do over $27T
2001-2008, including selling into bond market to institutions
restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments, including pension
funds (some estimated that they lost 30% of value).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdos

Lawmakers Leak Plan For $3 Billion Pension-Fund Bailout
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-11-24/lawmakers-leak-plan-3-billion-pension-fund-bailout

"We bailed out Wall Street in 2008 and 2009," said Kenneth Feinberg,
who was appointed to a top role at the Treasury Department in 2015
working on problems with multiemployer pension plans. "Bailouts have
occurred before."

... snip ...

past Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#61 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#91 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#65 As Expected, Ford Falls From 2nd Place in U.S. Sales
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#38 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#13 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#24 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#46 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#77 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#94 Bankruptcy a reprieve for some companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#4 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#8 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#10 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#24 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#90 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#7 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#59 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#81 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#88 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#89 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#83 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#98 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#94 Pension Funds at Risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#98 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#45 OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#100 D.C. Hivemind Mulls How Clinton Can Pass Huge Corporate Tax Cut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#18 IBM Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#4 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#80 The IBM Appeal - when is a pensions promise not a promise?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#100 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#59 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LRU ... "global" vs "local"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: LRU ... "global" vs "local"
Blog: Facebook
Date: 25 Nov 2018

Still undergraduate, 1968 I rewrote lots of cp67 software at the
university, including i/o system (along with page i/o) and page
replacement. About the same time, some of the Dartmouth people wrote
academic article in ACM on "local" least recently used page
replacement algorithm. My page replacement algorithm was "global"
LRU. Lots of My code was picked and included in standard CP67
distribution (including "global" LRU page replacement). In the early
70s, the IBM Grenoble Scientific Center modified CP67 to implement the
1968 ACM description from Dartmouth. My "global" LRU CP/67 on
cambridge 768kbyte 360/67 (104 available 4kbyte pages) with 80 users
had better response and throughput than the Grenoble system with
1mbyte 360/67 (155 pageable pages) with 35 users running nearly
identical workload.

Role forward to SIGOPS (Asilomar, 14-16Dec81), Jim Gray (who I worked
with at San Jose Research, bldg28, before he left for Tandem), asked
me if I could help a Tandem co-worker get his Stanford PHD which
involved "global" LRU ... and some of the old Dartmouth players
involved in the 1968 "local" LRU ... were lobbying Stanford heavily to
not award the PHD. Jim was aware that I had the detailed CP/67
global/local LRU data from decade earlier Cambridge/Grenoble
comparison.

Note however, SJR management prevented me for nearly a year from
sending a response, old archived (even tho my original work had been
done as undergraduate in 1968)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019

Late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing
(precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger
than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime
mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was
told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network),
5of6 wanted to fire me. I hoped that SJR management thought preventing
me from sending response was some sort of punishment (for online
computer conferencing) rather than taking sides in the LRU academic
dispute.

From IBMJargon (part of the online computer conferencing)

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh
of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry
middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely
distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed
dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and
also constructively criticised the way products were are developed.
The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in
quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the
November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

note: I wasn't responsible for the leak to Datamation, even tho my
name is prominently mentioned.

posts referring to virtual memory, paging, page replacement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock
global LRU related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#globallru

specific posts mention Grenoble Science Center and LRU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#1 Multitasking question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#18 Old Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#49 Swapper was Re: History of Login Names
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#30 Computer History Exhibition, Grenoble France
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#59 real multi-tasking, multi-programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#13 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#73 Athlon cache question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#37 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#48 Secure design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#47 Moving assembler programs above the line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#10 Exceptions at basic block boundaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#15 Exceptions at basic block boundaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#23 Code density and performance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#0 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#31 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#36 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#42 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#17 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#25 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#14 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#19 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#21 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#34 REAL memory column in SDSF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#46 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#5 Poster of computer hardware events?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#65 No Glory for the PDP-15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#70 New test attempt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#79 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#21 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#85 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#89 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#8 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#6 segments and sharing, was 68000 assembly language programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#17 5 Byte Device Addresses?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#21 Closure in Disappearance of Computer Scientist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#25 VM370 40yr anniv, CP67 44yr anniv
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#37 S/360 architecture, was PDP-10 system calls
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#42 True LRU With 8-Way Associativity Is Implementable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#30 By Any Other Name
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#70 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#25 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#22 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#138 How hyper threading works? (Intel)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#66 Messing Up the System/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#78 Mainframe Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#0 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#35 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#28 MMIX meltdown

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 28 Nov 2018 10:22:45 -0800

Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:

No! The scientific method is primarily a tool for identifying and
rejecting incorrect theories about the world. Science is about applying
that method repeatedly in an attempt to build models of the world that
cannot be falsified.

No scientist has yet been able to falsify the statement "There is a
god" - if I am wrong in this please cite the peer reviewed paper in which
the non-existence of deities is demonstrated, failing that a paper in which
the non-existence of any deity is demonstrated.

protecting vested interests can happen in all sorts of places ... and
"science" isn't totally immune ... not a failure of the methodology,
but of the people

As undergraduate in 1968, I rewrote a lot of (virtual machine) CP67 at
the university, including much of the virtual memory, paging, and page
replacement algorithm. The page replacement algorithm was a kind of
"global" LRU ("least recently used"), most of which was picked up and
shipped in the standard product. At the time, there was academic paper
published in CACM ... on another kind of page replacement algorithm
that was "local" LRU.

In the early 70s, the cambridge scientific center was running CP/67 on
768kbyte 360/67 (104 pageable pages after fixed memory requirements).
Also in the early 70s, the grenoble scientific center modified their
CP/67 to correspond with the 1968 CACM "local LRU" academic paper
... and ran on 1mbyte 360/67 (155 pageable pages after fixed memory
requirements (and results published in CACM). I was provideed detailed
performance details from both the Cambridge and Grenoble systems. The
Cambridge system with 75-80 users and better throughput and response
than the Grenoble system with 35users (with 50% more pageable memory
and half the users running similar workload profile as Cambridge
users).

Role forward to SIGOPS (Asilomar, 14-16Dec81), Jim Gray (who I worked
with at San Jose Research, bldg28, before he left for Tandem), asked
me if I could help a Tandem co-worker get his Stanford PHD which
involved "global" LRU ... and some of the players involved in the 1968
"local" LRU ... were lobbying Stanford heavily to not award the
PHD. Jim was aware that I had the detailed CP/67 global/local LRU data
from decade earlier Cambridge/Grenoble comparison.

Note however, SJR management prevented me for nearly a year from
sending a resply, old archived response (even tho my original work had
been done as undergraduate in 1968)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019

Late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing
(precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger
than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime
mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was
told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network),
5of6 wanted to fire me. I hoped that SJR management thought preventing
me from sending response was some sort of punishment for online
computer conferencing rather than taking sides in the LRU academic
dispute.

From IBMJargon (part of the online computer conferencing):

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh
of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry
middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely
distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed
dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and
also constructively criticised the way products were are developed.
The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in
quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the
November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

Later in the early 70s, I had done a variation on page replacement ...
LRU has assumption that least recently used page is the least likely
to be used in the near future ... so is best candidate for
replacement.  However, there can be pathelogical situation where that
doesn't hold true ... even the least recently used page can be the
most likely to be used next. The variation was to include some amount
of random information, but when LRU is working well, the LRU
information will dominate the random information. However, when LRU is
working poorly, the random information starts to dominate (with the
replacement algorithm switching from LRU replacement ... to
approx. random replacement).

posts referring to virtual memory, paging, page replacement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 28 Nov 2018 17:45:40 -0800

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#63 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

other "scientists" paid by vested interests, working to preserve the
status quo; book about scientists paid to produce reports&studies
... some of the same scientists involved over the years with tobacco
industry, "team b" russian military analysis, climate change, etc
https://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt_(film)

something similar as economy was crashing last decade, a wallstreet
financial consultant recommending to put ("capture") as many prominant
economists as possible on salary or retainer. Economists and the
Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/
loc72-74:

"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the
troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside
Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to
adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared
with other disciplines."

inside job
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

including prominent economist paid to testify in court on behalf of #1
on time's list of those responsible for economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

"merchant of doubt" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt
"team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why General Motors Is Cutting Over 14,000 Workers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why General Motors Is Cutting Over 14,000 Workers
Blog: Facebook
Date: 28 Nov 2018

Why General Motors Is Cutting Over 14,000 Workers
https://www.fool.com/investing/2018/11/27/why-general-motors-is-cutting-over-14000-workers.aspx
Huge Cuts at General Motors: What We Know
https://www.fool.com/investing/2018/11/26/huge-cuts-at-general-motors-what-we-know.aspx

Congress passes foreign auto import quotas, reduces foreign
competition, allows big US auto price increases and enormously
increases US auto profits ... supposedly to be used to completely
remake themselves. Instead they just pocketed the profits and continue
business as arts. Early 80s, there was article calling for 100%
unearned profit tax on the US auto makers (because they just pocketed
the increase in profits and continued business as usual).

In 1990 they had the C4 taskforce to look at completely remaking
themselves and because they were planning on heavily leveraging
technology, they invited representatives from technology companies to
participate. In the meetings, they could describe in detail what the
foreign auto makers were doing (right) and the changes that US had to
make. However, from the more recent bailouts, they still continued
business as usual and weren't able to "remake" themselves.

C4 taskforce posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

From the law of unintended consequences, back in the 80s the reduction
in competition allowed US makers to nearly double auto
prices. However, public wages didn't see a corresponding increase so
they had to move from the traditional 36month auto loans to 60month
(and 72month) auto loans. However, to have 60month loans, they had to
increase warranties to 60months ... and because of poor US quality,
this drastically increases warranty costs (then forced into some
quality improvement to reduce warranty costs).

How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't
want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have
adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies
that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a
tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the
work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to
the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous
emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economic Mess Prosecution

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Economic Mess Prosecution
Blog: Facebook
Date: 29 Nov 2018

some of what went into Sarbanes-Oxley ... made financial crimes much
easier to prove along with extended statute of limitation ... long
after statute of limitations had expired for other financial crimes,
they could still have been easily prosecuted with SOX.

sarbanes-oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley

back to the 80s, VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no
knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president
and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L
crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime,
proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 (criminal
convictions with jailtime), so far nobody.

funny thing, as undergraduate in the 60s I rewrote a lot of IBM's
(virtual machine) mainframe operating system, including adding dynamic
adaptive resource management ... which IBM picked up and shipped in
standard product ... in use by lots of commercial customers, but also
by some gov. agencies (some I didn't even know about until later,
getting asked to give computer security classes in the 70s).

dynamic adaptive resource management posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fairshare

Roll forward to 1999, I'm asked to help stop the coming economic mess
(we failed). Some "investment bankers" had walked away "clean" from
the S&L crises, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest few
million, hype, IPO for a few billion, should then fail, to leave field
clear for next round), and were predicted next to get into securitized
mortgage.

I was to improve the integrity of securitized mortgage supporting
documents as countermeasure. However, they then find they can
pay the rating agencies for triple-A (when the rating agencies knew
they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony).
Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start doing
no-document, liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A and sell into
the bond market (including to institutions restricted to only dealing
in *SAFE* investments, like large pension funds which then take big
hit), largely contributing to doing over $27T 2001-2008.

(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Sarbanes-Oxley rhetoric on floor of congress was that it would stop
future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime,
however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO
didn't believe SEC was doing anything (aka "regulatory capture"), it
started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial
reporting, even showing they increased after SOX goes into effect (and
nobody doing jailtime)

enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
public company financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

Less well known is that SOX also required SEC to do something about
the rating agencies, but SEC did about as much about the rating
agencies as they did about the public company fraudulent financial
reporting.

Decade later, Jan2009 I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s
senate hearings into '29crash, resulted in criminal convictions with
jailtime and Glass-Steagall, had been scanned the fall before at
Boston Public Library), with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between
what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new
congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile
and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (references to
enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill,
comments that there are at most 2-3 honest members of congress).

Pecora Hearings &/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a
President.
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM
debt strategy against the American public. other references were about
new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et
al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him
elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the
too big to fail accountable, which would have likely taken down
most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that
wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economic Mess Prosecution

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Economic Mess Prosecution
Blog: Facebook
Date: 30 Nov 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#66 Economic Mess Prosecution

from annals of more than you ever wanted to know; banks use to do
mortgages using deposits and make money off the mortgage payments (had
to care about borrowers' qualifications). With securitized mortgages
(& triple-A rating), non-bank loan originators move in, securitize,
sell into the bond market through wallstreet; money made off
transaction fees (& new business for wallstreet), revenue proportional
to mortgage amount and how fast they can sell off the mortgages (no
longer needing to care about borrowers' qualifications). Number one on
time's list of those responsible for the economic mess (loan
originator CEO):
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

(tripla-A) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Number two on Time's list was responsible for GLBA and repeal of
Glass-Steagall, but is on the list because of legislation to prevent
regulation of CDS gambling bets.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

original described as gift to ENRON. Chair of CFTC proposes regulating
CDS gambling bets ... and is quickly replaced with #2's wife, while he
gets legislation preventing CDS gambling bet regulation, his wife then
resigns and is appointed to ENRON's board and audit committee.

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
ENRON Posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

Then they find that they can design securitize mortgages to fail, pay
for triple-A, sell-off into the bond market and take out CDS gambling
bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy
loans/mortgages, now they care about borrowers' qualifications, but
not in traditional way). The largest holder of the CDS gambling bets
was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when
the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document that they can't sue
those making the bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face
value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the large
recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by
SECTREAS.

SECTREAS had lobbied congress for TARP funds to buy "off book" toxic
assets, but with only $700B appropriated would hardly make dent in the
off book toxic assets, with just the four largest TBTF holding $5.2T
ye2008 (a few tens of billions had gone for 22cents on the dollar
earlier in the year, if forced to "mark to market", the institutions
would have been declared insolvent and forced to be
liquidated). Bailout is mostly done behind the scenes by Federal
Reserve, buying trillions in off book toxic assets at 98cents on the
dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds.

ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
FED Chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Suits

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Suits
Blog: Facebook
Date: 30 Nov 2018

recent IBM suits and drinking the "kool-aid" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#6 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#27 Wearing a tie cuts circulation to your brain

I drank the kool-aid when I joined ... but then there was something I
considered totally inconsistent with IBM values ... and got told that
I would have no career or promotions if I didn't go along ... I
stopped worrying about my dress after that. Guy running one of the
largest financial datacenters on east coast (vast football field of
IBM mainframes) liked me to stop by and talk technology. At some point
the local IBM branch manager horribly offended the customer and they
decided to order an Amdahl box (to punish IBM). Up until then Amdahl
had sold into technical & university boxes but hadn't yet broken into
the true-blue commercial market ... and this would be the first (since
orange box in vast sea of blue).

I was asked to go onsite for 6-12 months to obfuscate why the customer
was ordering an Amdahl box, trying to make it look like a technical
issue, and I refused. The customer said they wouldn't mind me being
onsite for a year, but it wouldn't change their mind about ordering
the Amdahl box. I was told that this was going to reflect badly on the
branch manager's career who was a good sailing buddy of IBM CEO
... and I was to fall on the sword, making it look like a technical
issue. I stopped wearing the "empty suit" uniform and also made sure
that my business cards carried no title (or at least was just one word
"staff", since most places I went, people knew who I was already and
it was immaterial how IBM ranked me).

was at the end of FS period: Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The
Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future
System" project 1st half of the 70s, was going to completely replace
370 and 370 efforts were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products
during the period is credited with giving clone processor makers
(including Amdahl) market foothold:

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no
waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in
the shadow of defeat

... But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management,
F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from
the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

I had continued to work on 360/370 stuff all during the FS period,
even periodically ridiculing FS (which also wasn't exactly career
enhancing activity).

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Bushes: Fathers and Sons

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Bushes: Fathers and Sons
Blog: Facebook
Date: 02 Dec 2018

conflates several things: The Bushes: Fathers and Sons
https://consortiumnews.com/2018/12/01/the-bushes-fathers-and-sons-with-apologies-to-turgenev/

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis greatly
exaggerating Russian military capability, justifying huge US military
spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

"team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with somebody
(Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns
to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, US supports Iraq in the Iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP, two Bechtel SVPs are SECTREAS and SECDEF, and Rumsfeld is
involved in supporting Iraq, including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president, Cheney is SECDEF and previous
SECTREAS is SECSTATE. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that
Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that
Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the
analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was
marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to
choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/
Records appear showing Bush ran Iran/Contra and he pardons everybody
but public scapegoat Ollie.
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and
one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of
Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card
... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that
WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010
(4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate
reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted
for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and
(directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of
modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders
were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around
to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

... also (back to the 80s), VP and former CIA director repeatedly
claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president
and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L
crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime,
proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 (criminal
convictions with jailtime), so far nobody.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Legacy of President George H.W. Bush: War Crimes, Racism
https://theintercept.com/2018/12/01/the-ignored-legacy-of-george-h-w-bush-war-crimes-racism-and-obstruction-of-justice/
America's new aristocracy lives in an accountability-free zone
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/oct/05/americas-new-aristocracy-live-accountability-free-zone-david-sirota

2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act expire (spending
can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal
debt). 2010 CBO report, 2003-2009, taxes were cut by $6T and spending
increased by $6T for $12T difference with fiscal responsible budget
(first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars).

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

Also, spring 2009, IRS announces that it is going after 50,000
Americans that owed $400B on money illegally stashed overseas
(separate from the changes that allowed legally stashing trillions
overseas). Spring 2011, new speaker of house said that they were
cutting budget for department responsible for recoverying that
$400B. Since then there was news about few billion in fines on too
big to fail that facilitated the tax evasion, but nothing about
recoverying the $400B.

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 02 Dec 2018 19:27:00 -0800

Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:

Legitimate science certainly is not a religion - it's a method of finding
knowledge, and a body of knowledge open to change and revision.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#63 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#64 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

going along with science is innovation ... as opposed to static
instituions working to preserve the status quo.

"wny nations fail"
https://www.amazon.com/Why-Nations-Fail-Origins-Prosperity-ebook/dp/B0058Z4NR8/

highlights that original purpose of patent office was to promote
innovation and protect individual inventors from corporations trying to
preserve the status quo and block innovation ... however it currently
has morphed into the exact opposite (being used by corporations for
"defensive patents" and maintaining status quo). also, pg33:

Between 1820 and 1845, only 19 percent of patentees in the United States
had parents who were professionals or were from recognizable major
landowning families. During the same period, 40 percent of those who
took out patents had only primary schooling or less, just like
Edison. Moreover, they often exploited their patent by starting a firm,
again like Edison. Just as the United States in the nineteenth century
was more democratic politically than almost any other nation in the
world at the time, it was also more democratic than others when it came
to innovation. This was critical to its path to becoming the most
economically innovative nation in the world.

... snip ...

and, The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our
Future (Joseph E. Stiglitz)
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/

pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create,
barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help
ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see,
some of the most important innovations in business in the last three
decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on
how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent
government regulations intended to align social returns and private
rewards

... snip ...

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

goes into some detail about how in the birth of the country,
corporations were originally intended to operate in public interest and
in return given special privileges. Since then special interests have
constantly worked on extending individual constitutional rights to
corporations (companies as "people") ... operating in self-interest
rather than the public interest.

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

recent "We the Corporations" posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#54 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#46 Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#58 We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#95 More Immigration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#36 OT: Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#107 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#113 The Supreme Court Is Headed Back to the 19th Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#8 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 05 Dec 2018 09:55:07 -0800

Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:

I think he means sodium.  (Mostly high-pressure sodium these days - I
haven't seen low-pressure sodium lamps for a while.  They're _really_
orange - or yellow, actually.)

LEDs are even more efficient - the city has replaced mercury vapour lamps
on streets near our house with LEDs.

old post about san jose city fight over move to "high pressure" or "low
pressure" sodium
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#29

high pressure spread across the spectrum ... low pressure would be
benefit to Lick Observatory ... so much of San Jose was "orange" in the
80s.

Lick Observatory
https://www.ucolick.org/main/visit/info.html
wiki sodium vapor lamps
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_vapor_lamp
from above:

Light pollution considerations

For placements where light pollution is of prime importance (for example
an observatory parking lot), low pressure sodium is preferred. Sodium
emits light on only one wavelength, and therefore is the easiest to
filter out.

... snip ...

I had gotten sucked into Berkeley "10 meter" ... that would go up on top
of mountain in Hawaii ... and they were working on switch from film to
digital (CCD) and wanted to do remote observing from the mainland
(getting real-time images) ... and they were running tests at Lick.

misc. old email mentioning some visits to lick observatory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email830822
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#email830830

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

other past posts mentioning "Berkeley 10meter" (now Keck Observatory,
based on being paid for by grant from Keck Foundation)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#8 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#9 Jack Kilby dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#80 A Super-Efficient Light Bulb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#82 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#85 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#55 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#24 Program Work Method Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#10 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#86 OT: Physics question and Star Trek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#55 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#76 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#50 Revamped PDP-11 in Honolulu or maybe Santa Fe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#56 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#19 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#71 Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#51 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#89 Earth's atmosphere just crossed another troubling climate change threshold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#76 George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Jean Sammet — Designer of COBOL – A Computer of One's Own – Medium

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Jean Sammet — Designer of COBOL – A Computer of One's Own – Medium
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 5 Dec 2018 21:39:37 -0800

john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:

https://medium.com/a-computer-of-ones-own/jean-sammet-designer-of-cobol-77c6d794365c

Sammet wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_E._Sammet
more
https://history.computer.org/pioneers/sammet.html
and
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/04/technology/obituary-jean-sammet-software-designer-cobol.html

sammet was (resident) in the boston programming center, 3rd flr, 545
tech square (as was Nat rochester). When the CP67/cms group was spun off
from the science center (on the 4th flr), the moved to 3rd flr and took
over the boston programming center (& sammat and rochester moved up to
the science center on the 4th flr). As the CP67 group morphed into the
vm370 group and outgrew the 3rd flr, the vm370 group moved out to the
old SBC (service bureau corporation) bldg at burlington mall.

I would come in on weekends and sometimes bring my kids. sometimes I
would set them up to play the (pdp1) spacewar port to 2250m4 (1130+2250)
... but other times they would just run up and down the halls.  Sammet
was usually the only other person on the flr ... to complain about the
noise my kids running up & down the halls.

posts mentioning 545 tech sq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
cambridge science center wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambridge_Scientific_Center

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump is reportedly not worried about a massive US debt crisis as he'll be out of office by then

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump is reportedly not worried about a massive US debt crisis as he'll be out of office by then
Blog: Facebook
Date: 06 Dec 2018

Trump is reportedly not worried about a massive US debt crisis as
he'll be out of office by then
https://www.businessinsider.com/trump-debt-crisis-fine-wont-be-here-report-2018-12

2002, republican congress lets fiscal responsibility act lapse
(spending can't exceed revenue) on its way to eliminating all federal
debt (completely different republicans than the ones that passed the
act). 2010, CBO report that 2003-2009, congress cuts taxes by $6T and
increased spending by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal
responsibility budget (first time taxes cut to not pay for two
wars). Somewhat confluence of multiple interests, at least 1) Federal
Reserve and wallstreet wanted huge federal debt, 2) wallstreet and
special interests wanted huge tax cut, 3) military-industrial complex
wanted huge spending increase. By 2005, US Comptroller General was
including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle
school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget).

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

SECTREAS pressured congress into appropriating TARP funds, supposedly
to bail out the TBTF, buying offbook toxic assets ... but only had
$700B appropriated. YE2008, just the four largest TBTF were holding
$5.2T and TARP was used for other purposes and FEDRES did the real
bailout, buying trillions in toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and
providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. FEDRES fought long legal
battle to block disclosing what it was doing. When FEDRES lost, FED
chairman held a press conference and said that he expected TBTF to use
ZIRP to help mainstreet, but when they didn't he had no way to force
them ... but that didn't stop ZIRP funds (buying trillions in
treasuries and clearing hundreds of billions, w/o enormous federal
debt, it doesn't work). Note that FED Chairman had been selected in
part because he was depression era scholar, but FED had tried
something similar then with the same results, so there should have
been no expectation of something different this time.

TBTF (too big to fail, too big of prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

note that VP (and former director of CIA) repeatedly claiming no
knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

last decade, another family member presides over the economic mess, 70
times larger than the S&L crisis (which had 1000 criminal convictions
with jailtime), proportionally there should have been 70,000 criminal
convictions (with jailtimes), so far nobody has even been charged.

Economic Mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Oct2008 congressional hearings was that rating agencies were selling
triple-A ratings (for securitized mortgages), even when they knew they
weren't worth triple-A largely enabling being able to sell over $27T
in triple-A (toxic) CDOs (securitized loans/mortgages) into the bond
market, including to funds restricted to only dealing in safe
investment, including large pension funds (claims lost 1/3rd of
value).

(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

The triple-A ratings enabled doing no-documentation, liar loans and no
longer having to care about borrowers' qualifications and/or loan
quality (being able to immediately sell-off into the bond
market). Then they realize that they can design securitized mortgages
to fail, buy triple-A rating, take-out CDS gambling bets and selloff
into the bond market, creating enormous demand for dodgy mortgages
(now they cared about borrowers' qualifications, but not in the
traditional way). The largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG
and negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar. Then the SECTREAS
steps in and has AIG sign a document that they can't sue those making
CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to payoff CDS gambling bets
at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the
largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formally headed by
the SECTREAS.

#1 on Time's list responsible for the economic mess, CEO of national
non-bank mortgage originator
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

#2 on Time's list was responsible for GLBA and repeal of
Glass-Steagall, but is on the list because of legislation preventing
regulation of CDS gambling bets.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
original described as gift to ENRON. Chair of CFTC proposes regulating
CDS gambling bets ... and is quickly replaced with #2's wife, while he
gets legislation preventing regulating CDS gambling bets, his wife
then resigns and is appointed to ENRON's board and audit committee.

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
Blog: Facebook
Date: 07 Dec 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#46 How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#48 How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#61 Lawmakers Leak Plan For $3 Billion Pension-Fund Bailout

"I Thought This Deal Was Absurd, But Pensions Are Piling In..."
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-12-07/i-thought-deal-was-absurd-pensions-are-piling

The pension crisis is bigger than the world's 20 largest economies
https://www.sovereignman.com/trends/this-financial-crisis-is-bigger-than-the-worlds-20-largest-economies-24103/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CP67 & EMAIL history

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CP67 & EMAIL history
Blog: Facebook
Date: 08 Oct 2018

three people from the science center came out to the university the
last week of Jan1968 to install CP67/CMS ("release 1") ... was 3rd
installation after science center & lincoln labs. At that time CP67
source was still on OS/360, assembled, generate "TXT" punched cards
(for each module) and ordered in card tray. The card tray of cards
would be IPL'ed (boot) using BPS loader that generated kernel image in
memory, which was then written to disk (then IPL CP67 kernel from
disk).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Release 2, source had been moved to CMS and source changes were done
in CMS "update" format, update applied to original source module to
generate temporary file which was assembled, generating "TXT" file for
each file. Original CMS update format was dependent on serial numbers
in cols 73-80 in the file being updated ... and also required user to
type serial numbers in each card in the "update" deck to source
module. I was rewriting so much of CP67 (and update files), that I
wrote a preprocessor to UPDATE ... that would look for trailing "$" on
INSERT and REPLACE control cards followed by how sequence numbers
should be generated for the following cards, it would generate a
temporary "update" file that was then fed to the CMS UPDATE command
(with sequence numbers automatically added to inserted cards).

They then started punching the BPS loader followed by each module
assembled "TXT" file image from CMS to virtual punch that was
transferred to virtual reader (rather than real cards punched)
... then IPL'ed the virtual card tray of cards ... which was then
wrote the CP67 kernel memory image to disk.

CMS had a DISK DUMP/LOAD program that "punched" a raw CMS file data
... each card had four(?) character header and eight character trailer
(sequence number) ... with 68 bytes of data from raw file format
inbetween ... last card had the CMS file system control FST (this is
similar to CMS TAPE DUMP/LOAD program, which wrote 800bytes of raw CMS
file image to tape records followed by file system control FST). This
allowed card image of any kind of file (even purely memory image
MODULE files) to be moved between systems (in the same way TAPE
DUMP/LOAD files could be moved between systems).

CMS "email" processors started out (virtual) "punching" card image of
the text, which was transferred to the (virtual) card reader of
another user. CP67/CMS networking started out extending this to
transferring the punch image to the RSCS/VNET user with destination
system & user header information (RSCS/VNET at the destination site
would then route punched output to the reader of the destination
user).

Science center had distributed development project with Endicott (over
vnet/rscs links) that generated source updates for CP67 to provide 370
virtual machines (in addition to 360 & 360/67 virtual machines). Part
of this was EXEC process that implemented multi-level source update
... apply a sequence of source updates in specific order (iteratively
executing CMS UPDATE). Standard was base product release CP67 source,
the "L" level updates (I guess for Lynn, I was at the science center
by that time, for the production CP67 that ran on real 360/67), the
"H" level updates (that added support for virtual 370 machines, which
would run in 360/67 virtual machine), and the "I" level updates (that
modified CP67 to run on 370 architecture, rather than 360/67
architecture). CP67I was running in virtual 370 under CP67H running in
virtual 360/67 under CP67L running on real 360/67, a year before any
real engineering 370s were available. The additional CP67H layer in
virtual machine was the cambridge system also used by non-IBM
employees (staff, professors, students) from various cambridge area
universities (BU, MIT, etc) ... and they didn't want unannounced 370
information accidentally leaking.

In the early-mid 70s there were lots of people creating email
programs/exec ... especially with the rise of the internal network
(VNET/RSCS, larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning
until sometime mid-80s). The unknown & most used was VMSG ... a very
early version was picked up by the PROFS group and used for their
email client. When the VMSG author tried to offer them a much improved
version, the PROFS group tried to get him fired (because they had
taken credit for everything in PROFS). Things quieted down after he
showed that his initials were in every PROFS email in non-displayed
field.

Trivia: VNET/RSCS was also used for the corporate sponsored university
BITNET (EARN in europe), also larger than arpanet/internet for some
time.

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
BITNET/EARN posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

I took semester 2hr intro to computing (fortran) spring. University
had 709/IBSYS running tape->tape with 1401 front-end handling
tape<->unit record. That summer they get 360/30 running OS/360
replacing 1401 (part of transition from 709/1401 to 360/67), but spent
a lot of time running MPIO (tape<->unit record) in 1401
hardware/microcode emulation mode and I get hired to re-implement MPIO
in 360 assembler, I get to design and implement my own monitor, device
drivers, interrupt handlers, error recovery, storage management, task
manager, etc (never took assembler, operating system, any other
computer class, only had 2h intro to fortran). Univ. shutsdown
datacenter from 8am sat until 8am monday ... and I have the whole
place dedicated to myself for 48hrs straight. Eventually i have box of
(2000) cards (assembler statements). I have assembler option to either
generate stand-alone version (card deck IPL with BPS loader) or
running under OS/360 with system services macros. Stand-alone version
takes about 30mins to assemble, OS/360 version took a little over hr
to assemble, each DCB macro taking 5+mins. A little later, I'm hired
fulltime to be responsible for university production systems, still
get dedicated datacenter all to myself on weekends, but a Monday
morning class can be a little hard after 48hrs w/o sleep.

posts mentioning CP67 "L", "H", and "I" systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#0 HONE was .. Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#31 determining memory size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#27 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#50 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#59 intel's Vanderpool and virtualization in general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#66 Virtual Machine Hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#17 DOS/360: Forty years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#18 Exceptions at basic block boundaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#39 Behavior in undefined areas?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#50 virtual 360/67 support in cp67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#27 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#38 Is VIO mandatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#7 About TLB in lower-level caches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#5 3380-3390 Conversion - DISAPPOINTMENT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#21 Virtual Virtualizers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#26 Mainframe Limericks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#19 Source maintenance was Re: SEQUENCE NUMBERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#1 Materiel and graft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#45 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#49 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#3 IBM sues maker of Intel-based Mainframe clones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#20 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#12 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#16 when was MMU virtualization first considered practical?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#74 GETMAIN/FREEMAIN and virtual storage backing up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#23 GETMAIN/FREEMAIN and virtual storage backing up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#68 EXCP access methos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#69 EXCP access methos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#36 SEs & History Lessons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#38 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#49 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#1 PDP-10s and Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#3 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#17 old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#51 Source code for s/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#63 Source code for s/360 [PUBLIC]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#60 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#23 Item on TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#31 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#74 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#69 Boeing Plant 2 ... End of an Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#72 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#80 TSO Profile NUM and PACK
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#27 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#34 Data Areas?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#62 Any cool anecdotes IBM 40yrs of VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#71 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#22 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#57 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#39 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#124 Early Networking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#86 Computer/IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#87 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#19 MVT doesn't boot in 16mbytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#45 DEC introduces PDP-6 [was Re: IBM introduces System/360]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#49 DEC introduces PDP-6 [was Re: IBM introduces System/360]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#86 History of Virtualization

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Bushes: Fathers and Sons

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Bushes: Fathers and Sons
Blog: Facebook
Date: 09 Dec 2018

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#69 The Bushes: Fathers and Sons

Bush 41: The Triumph of Manners Over Truth
https://whowhatwhy.org/2018/12/07/bush-41-the-triumph-of-manners-over-truth/
Elite secret society tied Bush to circles of power
https://www.salon.com/2018/12/09/elite-secret-society-tied-bush-to-circles-of-power_partner/
GHW Bush & JFK Hit
https://whowhatwhy.org/2013/09/16/part-1-mr-george-bush-of-the-central-intelligence-agency/

Gerstner then leaves IBM to head up another major private-equity
company, that was buying up beltway bandits (including company that
will employ Snowden) and gov. contractors ... hiring prominent
politicians to lobby congress to outsource business to their
companies. Companies in the PE-mills are under intense pressure to cut
corners to push profit up to their owners.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster.

... snip ...

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, intelligence: 70% of budget
and over half the people:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us and the rapidly
rapidly spreading success of failure culture, companies in
PE-mills get a lot more money (to push up to their owners) from a
series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

One of the opportunities is agencies are prohibited from lobbying
congress and companies can't use gov. contract money in lobbying
congress ... but apparently PE owners have no such restriction

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
>Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 09 Dec 2018 14:35:55 -0800

Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
https://www.computerweekly.com/opinion/Douglas-Engelbart-the-forgotten-hero-of-modern-computing

In the late 70s and 80s, I would visit TYMSHARE a lot (by that time,
Engelbart and NLS/Augment was at TYMSHARE) and also see some of their
people at the monthly BAYBUNCH meetings held at SLAC. When M/D was
buying TYMSHARE, I was brought in to evaluate GNOSIS (370 operating
system they had written tailored to service bureau operations) as part
of its spinoff for KeyKOS. I was also asked to find people in IBM that
might be interested in hiring Engelbart and would interview him.

Did Engelbart's "Mother of All Demos" Launch the Connected World?
http://www.computerhistory.org/atchm/net-50-did-engelbart-s-mother-of-all-demos-launch-the-connected-world/
THE ENGELBART SYMPOSIUM
https://thedemoat50.org/symposium/

NLS (computer system)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NLS_(computer_system)
Tymshare
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
GNOSIS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS
KeyKOS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KeyKOS

other trivia, TYMSHARE started offering their CMS-based online
computer conferencing system free to (IBM user group) SHARE in
Aug1976, archives
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

recent postgs mentioning TYMSHARE:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#9 Who Plotted This Map for Adventure Game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#86 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#105 CIA Caught Between Operational Security and Analytical Quality In 1953 Iran Coup Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#43 S/360 announce 4/7/1964, 54yrs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#62 The IRS Really Needs Some New Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#78 z/VM Live Guest Relocation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#85 z/VM Live Guest Relocation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#0 The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#3 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#86 3380 failures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#15 Frank Heart Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#45 DEC introduces PDP-6 [was Re: IBM introduces System/360]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#51 usenet history, was 1958 Crisis in education
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#53 Updated Green Card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#95 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#100 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#24 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#53 online computer conferencing, was: System level coding examples
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#54 PROFS, email, 3270

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Short History Of Corporations

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Short History Of Corporations
Blog: Facebook
Date: 09 Dec 2018

A Short History Of Corporations
https://newint.org/features/2002/07/05/history

After Independence, American corporations, like the British companies
before them, were chartered to perform specific public functions -
digging canals, building bridges. Their charters lasted between 10 and
40 years, often requiring the termination of the corporation on
completion of a specific task, setting limits on commercial interests
and prohibiting any corporate participation in the political process.

... snip ...

David Korten, When Corporations Rule the World, Earthscan, London 1995;
Jeffrey Kaplan, The Short History of Corporations, Terrain, 1999;
Daniel Bennet, Who's In Charge?, POCLAD, London.

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

Originally, US corporations were entities that operate in public
interest, but then certain factions wanted those rights extended to
entities that can operate in self interest as well "people" rights
under constitution.

pgxiv/loc74-78:

Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a
scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by
the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the
rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with
the rights of corporations.

pgxviii/loc132-36:

For most of American history, the Supreme Court failed to protect the
dispossessed and the marginalized, with the justices claiming to be
powerless in the face of hostile public sentiment. As we will see,
however, the court's record on corporate rights was much different. In
1809, the Supreme Court decided the first case on the constitutional
rights of corporations, decades before the first comparable cases for
women or racial minorities. And unlike women and minorities, who lost
nearly all of their early cases, corporations won that first case--and
have compiled an impressive list of victories in the years since.

pg36/loc726-28:

On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of
corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights
for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of
corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of
the people.

pg120|loc1975-78:

The railroad corporations were constitutional first movers who
employed innovative tactics to secure new rights. They envisioned the
lawsuits as a form of strategic litigation, or what their lawyers
called "test cases," to determine whether corporations had the same
rights as ordinary people to equal protection and due process under
the Fourteenth Amendment.

pg229/loc3667-68:

IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS
FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE
THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.

... snip ...

Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/
loc5080-83:

Hamilton wanted the bank to be funded by federal deposits but run, in
part, for the benefit of private investors. Jefferson and Madison
objected. 29 They feared that the Hamiltonian program would enable
financial speculators to benefit from commercial transactions made
possible by government funds.

... snip ...

and more "We the Corporations", pgxi/loc45-50:

IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close
confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of
the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like
his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to
equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision
of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of
life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to
any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws,"
Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business
corporations too.  pgxiv/loc74-78: Between 1868, when the amendment
was ratified, and 1912, when a scholar set out to identify every
Fourteenth Amendment case heard by the Supreme Court, the justices
decided 28 cases dealing with the rights of African Americans--and an
astonishing 312 cases dealing with the rights of corporations.

... snip ...

....  Conkling in his arguments claimed that the authors of 14th
amendment had intended to include "corporations" in addition to
"persons", but failed to include the wording in the final text. Later
somebody reviewed all the notes by the authors and found no such
reference to corporations (Conkling had fabricated his argument before
the Supreme Court). By the time Conkling supreme court arguments were
shown to be fabricated, there was significant decisions (based on his
fabrications).

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/23/business/dealbook/review-we-the-corporations.html

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

recent "Corporations are people" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#54 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#46 Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#58 We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#95 More Immigration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#36 OT: Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#107 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#113 The Supreme Court Is Headed Back to the 19th Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#8 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#70 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 09 Dec 2018 19:07:01 -0800

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

IIRC it flew once on a test flight and never again. I think Boeing is now
working on an SST.

while still undergraduate was hired into small group in Boeing CFO
office to help with formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate
all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the
investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities).

747#3 was flying skies of seattle getting FAA flt certification and down
the street was working on SST
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_2707
refining the design
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_2707#Refining_the_design

October 1968, the company was finally forced to abandon the variable
geometry wing.[16][17] The Boeing team fell back on a tailed delta fixed
wing. The new design was also smaller, seating 234, and known as the
Model 2707-300. Work began on a full-sized mock-up and two prototypes in
September 1969, now two years behind schedule.

... snip ...

Early 80s, was introduced to John Boyd (and would sponsor his briefings
at IBM)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)

one of his (many) stories was redoing the original F15 design,
which started out like F111 with variable-sweep wings
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-111_Aardvark

he showed that the weight of the pivot more than offset any
variable-sweep wing design benefit (contributing to nearly cutting F15
weight in half) ... which is somewhat similar to what Boeing found with
2707.

recent posts mentioning working at Boeing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#34 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#51 All programmers that developed in machine code and Assembly in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s died?

other Boyd references:

John Boyd - USAF, The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of Air Warfare
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm
John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist
only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Genghis John - Chuck Spinney's Bio of John Boyd
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 09 Dec 2018 21:58:03 -0800

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

Boyd responsible for redoing F15, and then for YF16 & YF17 (when he ran
lightweight fighter design at Pentagon) ... which becomes F16 & F18, and
much more

Earlier he had come up with E/M theory ... which was used first for
training fighter pilots (when he was instructor at USAF weapons school,
he was considered possibly best fighter pilot in the world) and then
used for designing fighter planes ... not just F16
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy%E2%80%93maneuverability_theory

Boyd, a U.S. jet fighter pilot in the Korean War, began developing the
theory in the early 1960s. He teamed with mathematician Thomas Christie
at Eglin Air Force Base to use the base's high-speed computer to compare
the performance envelopes of U.S. and Soviet aircraft from the Korean
and Vietnam Wars. They completed a two-volume report on their studies in
1964. Energy Maneuverability came to be accepted within the U.S. Air
Force and brought about improvements in the requirements for the F-15
Eagle and later the F-16 Fighting Falcon fighters.[2]

... snip ...

F15
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McDonnell_Douglas_F-15_Eagle
F16
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-16_Fighting_Falcon

The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic
multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now
Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF). Designed as an
air superiority day fighter, it evolved into a successful all-weather
multirole aircraft. Over 4,500 aircraft have been built since production
was approved in 1976.[4]

... was also 1st unstable & fly-by-wire fighter
http://www.f-16.net/articles_article13.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relaxed_stability

A10
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairchild_Republic_A-10_Thunderbolt_II
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2017/12/podcast-pierre-sprey-and-birth-of-10/

AN/APG-68 for F-16
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AN/APG-68
AN/APG-83 AESA upgrade
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AN/APG-83

1990, Commandant of the Marine Corp, leverages Boyd for make-over of the
corp ... and there is a Boyd tribute/display in lobby of Marine Corp
Univ. library and Gray Research Center (with lots of Marines) ... and we
have still have had Boyd Military Stategy meetings at Marine Corp
University. Recent work
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf?ver=2018-11-08-094859-167

picture taken this week last year, only USAF in marine shrine, quantico,
lobby gray research center
quantico lobby shrine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/boyd3.jpg

Another of Boyd associates, graduate of 1st USAF Academy class and on
fast track to General when he says that Boyd destroyed his career
by challenging him to do what was right.
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/
HBO dramatized it
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars

40 Years of the 'Fighter Mafia', An informal group begun by Col. John
Boyd and mathematician Tom Christie calls for military reform--by doing
more with less.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/

To understand the group is to go back to its origins. Founding member
John Boyd, military strategist and "guru," is best known for developing
the OODA (observe, orient, decide, act) Loop concept, which when applied
correctly gives a pilot advantage over an adversary in combat
operations. Boyd passed away from cancer in 1997, but he was ever
present in spirit at Wednesday night's event.

... snip ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

Chuck Spinney's tribute after his passing, by then, USAF had pretty much
disowned him and it was Marines at Arlington and all his effects go to
the Gray research center in quantico
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

The YF-16, which won, is still the most maneuverable fighter ever
designed. The production successors, the not-so-lightweight F-16 (Air
Force) and the F/A-18 (the Navy-Marine Corps aircraft that evolved from
the YF-17), together with the F-15, dominate the skies today. Naturally,
Boyd believed they could have been much better war machines if the
bureaucrats had not corrupted their thoroughbred design with so many
bells and whistles. Nevertheless, more than any other single person, the
Mad Major is responsible for our nation's unsurpassed air superiority,
which began in the mid-1970s and continues to this day.

... snip ...

USAF does dedicate Boyd Hall at USAF Weapons School, renovation 2013
https://www.nellis.af.mil/News/Article/284229/boyd-hall-display-receives-renovation/

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Dec 2018 10:53:21 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

40 Years of the 'Fighter Mafia', An informal group begun by Col. John
Boyd and mathematician Tom Christie calls for military reform--by doing
more with less.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#80 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

from "40 years of the fighter mafia"

"I don't know anywhere else to go to find a group more dedicated to
making things better," says Charles "Chuck" Myers, who flew B-25
missions against Japanese shipping in World War II and later became a
fabled test pilot--setting a new World Speed Record of 1544 mph with the
F-106 in 1959--and eventually the Pentagon's director for air
warfare. In that role, he was able--with the help of "the group"--to
push successfully for the lightweight fighter program that incorporated
the F-15, F-16, and later F-18 planes into the fleet during the 1960s
and 1970s.

...

"John Boyd came in as a maverick," Sprey recalled. Initially, Boyd was
brought to the Pentagon in the 1960s by a general who disliked Sprey's
ideas on close air support and was pulling together a group of eggheads
to "disgrace" him. When the general left Boyd alone in the room with
Sprey they "became fast friends, co-conspirators." The rest is history.

...

By the time the group held its first Washington meeting in 1973, Sprey,
Boyd, Christie, and test pilot Col. Everest Riccioni had designed the
concept that was directly implemented as the F-15 and F-16 fighter
programs--which have served as the core of American air power for the
past 40 years.

... snip ...

has picture of Pierre Sprey, Tom Christie, and Chuck Myers at 2013
"Boyd" weds night get together (still going strong, Boyd passed in
1997); ... Sprey CAS "A10" thunderbolt/warthog and Christie worked with
Boyd on E/M theory.

picture of me at the weds night get together a year ago.
weds night roundtable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/boyd4.jpg

oh and the F18
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McDonnell_Douglas_F/A-18_Hornet
and later Growler
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_EA-18G_Growler

Boyd is also credited with the "left hook" land war battle plan for
Desert Storm ... Desert Storm was 42day, only last 100hrs was land
war. GAO Air Effectiveness study has A10 taking out Iraqi tanks so
easily that the Iraqi crews were walking away from the tanks as sitting
ducks ... A10 sort of had turkey shoot ... firing total of million 30mm
shells during Desert Storm. Land war description of fierce tank battles
with coalition forces taking no damage, don't mention if the Iraqi tanks
had anyboyd home. Burton's "Pentagon Wars" has him getting the cost of
30mm shells down from >$80 to $13 (million shells, $13m).

There have been lots of explanations why the Abram's M1 didn't get into
the "left hook" position to cut-off the Republican Guard retreat
... another is Boyd possibly took the M1 specs at face value and didn't
take into account how tightly tethered M1s are tied to their supply and
maintenance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Dec 2018 15:36:07 -0800

maus <mausg@mail.com> writes:

The problem with many of those shells was that being filled with 'depleted
uraniuum', the residue will be still killing people in many years time.m

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#80 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#81 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

not just A10 Desert Storm, but also this century (overview from 2017):

Depleted Uranium and Radioactive Contamination in Iraq: An Overview
https://www.globalresearch.ca/depleted-uranium-and-radioactive-contamination-in-iraq-an-overview/5605215

not just Marines, the army was also in fallujah 2004-2005 but foot
patrol
https://www.amazon.com/Ghosts-Fallujah-Coley-D-Tyler-ebook/dp/B07J2DWWWD/
and then went back Baqubah 2007-2008, described as much worse than
fallujah, but administration claimed surge was better, so didn't get
coverage.
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-1SG-Robert-Colella/dp/1469791064/

other trivia:

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis greatly
exaggerating Russian military capability, justifying huge US military
spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with somebody
(Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to
become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, US supports Iraq in the Iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP, two Bechtel SVPs are SECTREAS and SECDEF, and Rumsfeld is
involved in supporting Iraq, including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president, Cheney is SECDEF and previous
SECTREAS is SECSTATE. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that
Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that
Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the
analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was
marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to
choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/
Records appear showing Bush ran Iran/Contra and he pardons everybody but
public scapegoat Ollie.
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and
one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of
Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card
... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that
WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010
(4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade (not just other health effects,
but decommissioned WMDs poisoning our own people)
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate
reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for
IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and
(directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of
modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders
were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to
going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (later large
artillery shells from the ammo dumps start showing up in IEDs)
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

also this century, enormous stockpiles of 50caliber ammo, some dating
back to WW2 were used in the Iraq invasion. I was effectively told that
invaders were told to (constantly?) use suppressing fire ... at
slightest provocation (... until ammunition was exhausted).

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Dec 2018 16:04:14 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

AN/APG-68 for F-16
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AN/APG-68
AN/APG-83 AESA upgrade
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AN/APG-83

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#80 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#81 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#82 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

a little more computer related, plane design, & radar digital signal
processing, I somewhat got sucked into the A10/F35 argument ... and went
looking for current state of (F35) stealth.

F35 original design point was bomb truck with (air superiority) F22
flying cover ... and F35 stealth optimized at the front and below
(i.e. its ground radar targets) ... much less so all other
directions. Stealth comparison analysis of F35 with other planes
http://www.ausairpower.net/jsf.html
has analysis of F35 radar signature at different radar frequencies
involving different angles and portions of the frame (lots to say about
how cost reduced and compromised stealth compared to original design)
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html

F22 had lots of reliability problems and its stealth coating was claimed
to have lots of moisture/weather vulnerability (couldn't take F22 out in
the rain). old reference "This is F-22: Can't Fly Won't Die"
http://nypost.com/2009/07/17/cant-fly-wont-die/

Tyndall (F22 airbase) website (before hurricane) talked about how the
F22 stealth coating maintenance bays were constantly backlogged.

There have been articles that more recent stealth coating used by F35 is
much more resistance to weather and moisture ... however in references
there are concerns about retrofitting to F22 because of air friction
vulnerable from the much higher F22 speed.

Recent scenarios for F35 (w/o F22) is for standoff packs of F35s taking
out targets with barrage of missiles (but if started from scratch, such
a design would likely use drones instead of human pilots)

This is 2011 tutorial on radar (including military) but says it needs
3Tflops for really advanced (real-time), which was beyond 2011
processing, 2011 tutorial on DSP, FFT, Radar (part 3)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278838
STAP (part 4)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278878
SAR (part 5)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278931

Spring 2015, DOD puts export restrictions on latest advanced processor
chips (capable of 3Tflops). Late 2015, at supercomputer conference,
China demonstrates that it was making its own chips. Dec2017 article
claims self driving cars were using computers doing 300 trillion/sec
(100 times 2011 requirement). China started publishing articles that
they can track stealth with low frequency radar ... but resolution isn't
good enough for targeting.

There was also article that the latest computer technology could reduce
the number of F22/F35 AESA radar transmit/receive pairs by nearly order
of magnitude w/o loss of radar tracking capability.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Active_electronically_scanned_array
Airborne systems
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Active_electronically_scanned_array#Airborne_systems

F35 articles repeately talk about its reduced radar signature is so
small that it is hard to find/recognize scanning the whole
horizon. However, multi-band radar with low frequency for tracking, then
can focus targeting radar to that region and do real-time targeting with
latest digital signal processing.

advances in technology make stealth obsolete (from 2011)
https://www.wired.com/2011/06/stealth-tech-obsolete/
low frequency radar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Low-frequency_radar
longer discussion ... even US implementations
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/revealed-can-chinas-radars-track-americas-stealth-f-22-15261
and
https://news.usni.org/2014/04/21/stealth-vs-electronic-attack

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bernie Madoff's Legacy: Whistleblower Inc.; A decade after Madoff's arrest, an industry of bounty-hunting tipsters aims to cash in on the next big fraud

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bernie Madoff's Legacy: Whistleblower Inc.; A decade after Madoff's arrest, an industry of bounty-hunting tipsters aims to cash in on the next big fraud
Blog: Facebook
Date: 11 Dec 2018

Bernie Madoff's Legacy: Whistleblower Inc.; A decade after Madoff's
arrest, an industry of bounty-hunting tipsters aims to cash in on the
next big fraud
https://www.wsj.com/articles/bernie-madoffs-legacy-whistleblower-inc-1544245273

Sarbanes-Oxley Act
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarbanes%E2%80%93Oxley_Act
Note that similar reporting criticsm raised when whistleblower
provision was added to Sarbanes-Oxley act.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarbanes%E2%80%93Oxley_Act#Sarbanes%E2%80%93Oxley_Section_1107:_Criminal_penalties_for_retaliation_against_whistleblowers
more recent: SEC Receives Extensive Criticism in Comments on Proposed
Changes to Whistleblower Program
https://www.whistleblowersblog.org/2018/09/articles/sec-whistleblowers/secs-receives-extensive-criticism-in-comments-on-proposed-changes-to-whistleblower-program/

The rhetoric behind Sarbanes-Oxley was that it would prevent future
ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime,
however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO
didn't believe SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of
public company fraudulent financial reporting, even showed it
increased after SOX went into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). The
joke was that SOX was really a full employment gift to the audit
industry, requiring significant increase in audit costs.

In the Madoff congressional hearings, they had the person that had
tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about
Madoff (SEC hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in). During
the testimony, the person was asked if new regulations was needed, he
replied that while new regulations might be needed, much more
important was transparency and visibility (possibly because it seemed
that SEC was doing little with the existing regulations). He also
pointed out that tips/whistleblowers turn up 13 times more fraud than
audits and that SEC had a line for corporations to complain about
audits, but no tip 1-800 line.

Sarbane-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
financial.reporting.fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Dec 2018 14:43:24 -0800

hancock4 writes:

In a book, "Valley of genius [electronic resource] : the uncensored
history of Silicon Valley, as told by the hackers, founders, and
freaks who made it boom" by Adam Fisher, Engelbart is given great
credit.  He's treated as if he invented on-line processing.

In my humble opinion, "modern computing" exists because of the
contributions of a great many 'old style' engineers and the 'old'
corporations who funded them, like IBM, Western Union, Bell
Telephone, Burroughs, Univac, etc.

On-line processing requires a substantial amount of CPU, disk,
and RAM memory.  Those sort of things originally didn't exist
at all and had to be invented, then, the cost had to drop
substantially in order to have enough horsepower to support
online processing.  I don't think a lot of biographers of
Silicon Valley understand that.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#77 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing

trivia: saw the transition in resources with uptake of RDBMS in the 80s.
Was involved with the original sql/relational implementation
... System/R, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

In the 70s, the IBM IMS group was criticizing System/R for requiring
twice the disk space (as IMS, for the relational index) and
significant more disk I/Os (for processing index) ... compared to IMS.
IMS was criticized for requiring significant more administration
skills, time, and effort. In the 80s, things started to flip, disk
costs significantly dropped (mitigating RDBMS index disk space) and
system real memory sizes significantly increased (allowing caching of
RDBMS indexes) ... and overall computer related costs dropping
resulted in enormous increase in demand ... where scarcity of humans
skills created significant bottleneck/costs for IMS.

at Jim Gray celebration a decade ago ... he is credited with
computerized banking/financial ... formal logging and "ACID"
properties giving auditors confidence in computer records. old
reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#27 Father Of Financial Dataprocessing

I mention that Jim palmed a lot of stuff on me when he left for Tandem

90s, wallstreet spent billions on straight-through processing.
Real-time/online transactions was just queuing up work for (legacy)
overnight (cobol) batch settlement. Part of the issue was
globalization was increasing the workload and decreasing the size of
the overnight batch processing window ... moving to "straight-through"
supposedly would eliminate those as problems.

They were doing parallel processing implementations, planning on using
large numbers of "killer micros" ... but were warned about the
standarad parallization libraries being used had hundred times the
overhead of cobol batch ... which they ignored.  Then things imploded
when large pilots went up in flames, any anticipated throughput
improvement using large number of killer micros, totally swamped by
the parallelization overhead. One of the fallouts & scars from the
failure, was conjecture that it would be long time before such a move
was tried again

recent posts mentioning straight-through processing and/or overnight
batch window.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#63 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#39 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#11 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#17 Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#32 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#3 Somewhat Interesting Mainframe Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#37 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Dec 2018 18:45:19 -0800

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#77 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#85 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing

Evelyn Berezin, 93, Dies; Built the First True Word Processor
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/10/obituaries/evelyn-berezin-dead.html

Some historians say that American Airlines, using I.B.M computers and a
system called Sabre (Semi-Automated Business Research Environment),
developed the first experimental airline reservation system in 1960. But
Mr. Kirschenbaum, in "Track Changes," wrote, "With Berezin's assistance,
Teleregister implemented the first automated airlines reservations
system in the world (for United Airlines), predating the better-known
Sabre system by at least a year."

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Dec 2018 09:54:27 -0800

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#77 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#85 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#86 Douglas Engelbart, the forgotten hero of modern computing

50 years on, we're living the reality first shown at the "Mother of All
Demos" Douglas Engelbart changed computer history forever on December 9,
1968.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2018/12/50-years-on-were-living-the-reality-first-shown-at-the-mother-of-all-demos/

recent post about another 1968, 50yrs on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#75 CP67 & EMAIL History

three people from the science center came out to the university the last
week of Jan1968 to install CP67/CMS (release 1) ... and was the 3rd
installation after science center and lincoln labs. Previous year,
univ. had hired me fulltime to be responsible for mainframe production
systems ... and responsibility for CP67/CMS got added to the list.

posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

"virtualization" item from today: 10 hot data-center virtualization
startups to watch (more than 50yrs on):
https://www.networkworld.com/article/3326298/data-center/10-hot-data-center-virtualization-startups-to-watch.html

wikis

History of CP/CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS
CP/CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conversational_Monitor_System
CP-67
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP-67

precursor was CP40 by the science center done on 360/40 with hardware
modifications to provide virtual memory (CP40 morphs into CP67 when
360/67s become available)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_CP-40

part of fall68 presentation that I gave at (IBM user group) SHARE on
some of the CP67 changes I had done first half of 1968 (in old 1994
a.f.c. post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#1

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump administration appointee quits lobbying for Saudi Arabia

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump administration appointee quits lobbying for Saudi Arabia
Blog: Facebook
Date: 12 Dec 2018

Trump administration appointee quits lobbying for Saudi Arabia
https://publicintegrity.org/federal-politics/donald-trump-appointee-quits-lobbying-saudi-arabia

the comments on the original post in "The Center for Public Integrity"
facebook timeline puts culpability for much of middle east mess on MI6
and Britain.
https://www.facebook.com/publici/posts/10155683767640723

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east
started with move from 13.5in to 15in guns (leading to moving from
coal to oil) loc2012-14:

From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns,
and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines
which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on
the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the
thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:

To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing
our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable
quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea
in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:

This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval
Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could
only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the
Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial
investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to
five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial
proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the
Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests
which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also
to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the
purchase price of Admiralty oil.

... snip ...

When the newly elected democratic government wanted to review the
Anglo-Person contract, US arranged coup and backed Shah as front
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr%2E
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat

... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the secret police to help
keep Shah in power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

past posts mentioning Churchill's ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#78 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#102 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#21 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#102 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#39 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#72 A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#33 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#59 Breaking: Entire Nation Experiencing Collective Amnesia About Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#97 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#104 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#59 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#90 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#104 Iran shrink-wrapped $100 Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#99 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 08:03:05 -0800

maus <mausg@mail.com> writes:

Never seen one, just read of the stupidity of it. AFAIK, the humvee had
the same track width as an Abrams tank, so it can follow in the tanks
tracks across a minefield.

That would work, unless the mine was designed to go off after the first
heavy vehicle lassed over. I think a German mine during WWII was designed
to do that.

there was articles about the popularity of civilian humvee in southern
cal, that it (and some other popular large truck vehicles) exceeded
weight limit of most residential streets ... so were illegal to drive in
the neighborhood.

old thread in comp.arch (weight classified as commercial vehicle
qualifying for tax break, but "illegal" on residential streets)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#13

longer discussion in a.f.c. (mentioning heavy buses allowed on
residential streets not built for such loads)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#6

more recent a.f.c. reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#0

referencing article from 2004
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/hey_wait_a_minute/2004/08/californias_suv_ban.html

H1 @ 10,300 pounds and H2 at 8,600 pounds.

son-in-law was in Fallujah 2004-2005
https://www.amazon.com/Ghosts-Fallujah-Coley-D-Tyler-ebook/dp/B07J2DWWWD/
and then back again 2007-2008 in baqubah (described as worse than
fallujah). Abrams M1 flat bottom and extremely vulnerable to
IEDs (lots of armor above ground, but flat bottom and
little "blast" resistance) ... that they took to running
routes before taking Abrams out for drive.
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-1SG-Robert-Colella/dp/1469791064/

he was foot patrol in Fallujah ... but had Bradley M2A3 in Baqubah ...
talked about loosing so many Bradleys that they were eventually getting
mothballed Bradley "DS" (desert storm) as replacements ... except he
kept jerry rigging repairs for his M2A3, in part because it had more
modern communication/electronics.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M2_Bradley#M2A3
Longer discussions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#78
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#96

Much of Burton's "Pentagon Wars" is about getting lots of fixes for the
original Bradley, saving large number of lives (the people he was
fighting for the fixes, got promotions and he got forced retirement).
Recent Burton reference upthread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#81
pentagon wars
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 10:57:20 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

referencing article from 2004
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/hey_wait_a_minute/2004/08/californias_suv_ban.html

H1 @ 10,300 pounds and H2 at 8,600 pounds.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#89

original hummer H1 quoted from 2004 slate article at 10,300

How Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) Works, humvees
https://auto.howstuffworks.com/auto-parts/towing/towing-capacity/vehicle%20/gvwr13.htm

H2 still 8600, H3 reduced to 6001 from above:

2006, H1:10300, H2: 8600, H3: 5850
2007, H2: 8600, H3: 5850
2008, H2: 8600, H3: 6001
2009, H2: 8600, H3: 6001, H3T:6001

GMC GVWR 4850-9700
https://auto.howstuffworks.com/auto-parts/towing/towing-capacity/vehicle%20/gvwr11.htm
Ford GVWR 4300-14,500
https://auto.howstuffworks.com/auto-parts/towing/towing-capacity/vehicle%20/gvwr10.htm

F450 was 14,500 in 2008, reduced to 10,100 in 2009

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 11:30:10 -0800

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#90

original Hummer H1 production 1992-2006
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hummer_H1

they started doing more consumer friendly with H2 & H3

H2, 2002-2009
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hummer_H2
H3, 2006-2010
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hummer_H3

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 13:58:13 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

referencing article from 2004
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/hey_wait_a_minute/2004/08/californias_suv_ban.html

H1 @ 10,300 pounds and H2 at 8,600 pounds.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#90
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#91

The slate 2004 article talks about over 6,000gvwr trucks being
prohibited (with limited exceptions) on most residential streets.

current City of LA webpage about residential limitation on trucks
>6000gvwr
https://ladot.lacity.org/what-we-do/operations/neighborhood-services/trucks-residential-streets

class2 gvwr 6001-10000, class3 gvwr 10000-14000
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commercial_vehicle

HUMMER H1 10,300, production 1992-2006

a little more consumer friendly (but both still >6000)

HUMMER H2 8600, production 2002-2009
HUMMER H3 6001, production 2006-2010

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ACS360 and FS

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: ACS360 and FS
Blog: Facebook
Date: 15 Dec 2018

about end of ACS-360 (executives worried that it would advance the
state-of-the-art too fast and they would loose control of the market),
at the bottom lists ACS-360 features that show up in ES/9000 over
20yrs later (1990). Amdahl shutdowns ACS-360 and short time leaves IBM
to do clone 370 startup.
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html
wasn't the only time that former IBMer does startup ... thinking that
they could do something better than allowed to do at IBM

ACS-360 was advanced, higher performance 360 in the late 60s. FS was
in the 70s, completely different and incompatible with 370. Internal
FS politics was killing off 370 efforts ... and the lack of 370
products during the FS period is credited with giving clone processor
makers (like Amdahl) market foothold.

A claimed major objective for FS was to make the integration of
processor with controllers so complex that it would significantly
raise the bar for clone controller maker competition ... however, it
resulted in giving the opening for clone system makers.

trivia: as undergraduate in the 60s I did a clone controller that was
picked up by the vendor and marketed as IBM clone controller. Four of
us got written up as responsible for (some part of) the clone
controller business.

clone controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

After failure of FS project (completely different than 370 and was
going to completely replace 370, during FS era, internal politics
shutting 370 efforts, lack of 370 products during FS period, credited
with giving clone system makers, market foothold). Head of POK also
managed to convince corporate to kill vm/370 product, shutdown the
development group and transfer all the people to work on MVS/XA (or
otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time some 6-8yrs later). They were
planning on not telling the vm/370 group until the very last minute to
minimize those that might escape. However, the info leaked early and
joke that head of POK was one of the biggest contributors to the
fledging DEC VMS effort, for the numbers that managed to escape IBM to
work at DEC.

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books,
1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the
70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being
shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with
giving clone processor makers (including Amdahl) market foothold:

and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no
waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in
the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S
took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the
very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

I had continued to work on 360/370 stuff all during the FS period,
even periodically ridiculing FS (which also wasn't exactly career
enhancing activity).

some discussion of FS
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html
and
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Jan1979, I got con'ed into doing benchmarks for LLNL on engineering
4341 (4341s hadn't shipped yet to customers) that was looking at
getting 70 for compute farm (sort of leading edge of the coming
cluster supercomputers). 4300s were selling into the same mid-range
market against DEC VAX/VMS. 4300s sold about same numbers as VAX/VMS
in small unit orders, big difference were large 4300 orders of
hundreds at a time for placing in departmental areas (sort of leading
edge of coming distributed computing tsunami). Story is that head of
POK got corporate to cut allocation of critical 4341 manufacturing
component in half because felt threatened by cluster 4341s (much
cheaper than 3033, higher throughput, much less floor space and
environmentals, etc).

I was at research bldg28 ... but had done systems that ran across the
street on the mainframes in bldg 14 (disk engineering) and bldg 15
(disk product test). bldg15 got earliest engineering 3033 and 4341
(after first two or three at processor development) and I got lots of
time on these machines (I had better access than most people in POK
and Endicott).

getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 15 Dec 2018 12:44:51 -0800

maus <mausg@mail.com> writes:

Careful. That road leads to Fascism, in which people who think
they are smart, but are really dumb as Facebook users, take over..

brings up Dunning-Kruger effect
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunning%E2%80%93Kruger_effect

a little more drift ... The Black Swan: Second Edition: The Impact of
the Highly Improbable
https://www.amazon.com/Black-Swan-Second-Improbable-Incerto-ebook/dp/B00139XTG4/
loc5282-85:

The strangest thing is that people in business usually agree with me
when they listen to me talk or hear me make my case. But when they go to
the office the next day they revert to the Gaussian tools so entrenched
in their habits. Their minds are domain-dependent, so they can exercise
critical thinking at a conference while not doing so in the office.

... snip ...

I noticed something similar (but different) when wandering around Somers
in the early 90s, having discussions agreeing about the major changes
needed in IBM ... and then go back a few weeks/months later and nothing
had changed (or even attempted).

loc5298-5300:

Unbeknownst to me, 1987 was not the first time the idea of the Gaussian
was shown to be lunacy. Mandelbrot proposed the scalable to the
economics establishment around 1960, and showed them how the Gaussian
curve did not fit prices then.

... snip ...

periodically described as resigned in "protest"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot

Mandelbrot left IBM in 1987, after 35 years and 12 days, when IBM
decided to end pure research in his division.[24] He joined the
Department of Mathematics at Yale, and obtained his first tenured post
in 1999, at the age of 75.[25] At the time of his retirement in 2005, he
was Sterling Professor of Mathematical Sciences.

... snip ...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot#Randomness_in_financial_markets

Mandelbrot saw financial markets as an example of "wild randomness",
characterized by concentration and long range dependence. He developed
several original approaches for modelling financial fluctuations.[18] In
his early work, he found that the price changes in financial markets did
not follow a Gaussian distribution, but rather Lévy stable
distributions having infinite variance. He found, for example, that
cotton prices followed a Lévy stable distribution with parameter α
equal to 1.7 rather than 2 as in a Gaussian distribution. "Stable"
distributions have the property that the sum of many instances of a
random variable follows the same distribution but with a larger scale
parameter.[19]

... snip ...

In 1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic
mess. Claims that some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from
S&L crises, where then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million,
hype, IPO for a few billion, should then fail leaving field clear for
the next round) and were predicted to get into securitized mortgages
next. Leading up to the economic mess imploding, articles were appearing
trying to lay the blame on computer models and risk managers. The risk
managers were saying that the business people forced them to fiddle the
inputs until they got the outputs they wanted (garbage-in, garbage-out).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 15 Dec 2018 13:13:38 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

other Boyd references:

John Boyd - USAF, The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of Air Warfare
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm
John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist
only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Genghis John - Chuck Spinney's Bio of John Boyd
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#80 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#81 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

recent: The F-16 Fighting Falcon: A Creation Of The 'Lightweight Fighter
Mafia'
https://www.avgeekery.com/the-f-16-fighting-falcon-a-creation-of-the-lightweight-fighter-mafia/

We don't want to give away the good stuff but perhaps the most
interesting bit of info involves a famous pilot's scientific approach to
air combat and his formation, along with other scientists and
researchers, of the Lightweight Fighter Mafia. You'll need to watch to
find out more (don't worry; this won't be on the test.)

... snip ...

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Career

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Career
Blog: Facebook
Date: 16 Dec 2018

Much of my time at IBM, I was told I had no career and could expect no
raises or promotions.

Early 80s at San Jose Research, I wrote open door saying I was
underpaid with backup information. I got a written reply from head of
HR saying that after detailed study of my career, I was being paid
exactly what I was suppose to. I then put cover reply with copy of
exchange appended and pointed out that I was being asked to interview
potential new hires to work in new group under my direction and the
candidates were being offered starting salary 30% more than I was
making. I never got a written reply, but a few weeks later I got a 30%
raise (putting me on level playing field with the potential new
hires).

Later in 1991, I got written approval for VTP (7/31/91) and then asked
to stay on with approval for VTP->ITO. Starting late spring 1992, I
would start getting communication that I was never approved for any
early out and/or there was never any VTP->ITO conversion program,
etc. I would respond with detail copies of prior approvals, bulletin
board announcements for VTP, ITO, and VTP->ITO. For some reason, I
continued to get responses from all levels in Austin that none of that
happened ... which I would constantly respond with detailed
documentation refuting their false claims (with appended copies of all
prior information). It seemed like Austin would make non-stop denials
regardless of the detailed documentation showing their assertions were
facetious/false. It called to mind advice from various people
frequently reminded me that (especially in IBM) "Business Ethics" is
an oxymoron. Small sample of archived email exchange during that
period (I learned early on in IBM that I needed to keep detailed
record trail).


Date: Sat, 6 Jun 1992 12:13:29 PDT
from: lhw@sjsvm28
subject: ito

as a total aside ...  just to put our minds at rest ...  how is the
ITO process coming?

I had gotten some advice from XXXX earlier that Austin may for some
reason decide not to approve our ITO application.  There is a woman in
the personnel office that might be able to help (if she is still there
and I can go back thru my records and find her name).

In the series of things that happened last summer, I had written
approval for the VTP with a leave date of 7/31/91.  Starting some time
in early June, SSPD said that they were interested in transferring the
project from AWD to SSPD along with us ...  as well as making me a job
offer.  About every two weeks, they would say ... "just another week
and it will all be pushed through".  When things got down to 7/31/91
and they were still saying that it was going to take another week or
so before it was all approved, I was asked to not take the VTP and in
return I would automatically be approved for the ITO (this supposedly
was to cover the slim possibility that the project and people transfer
to SSPD as well as the raise/promotion didn't come thru).

As we know now none of that came thru.  When I was offered the job to
transfer to austin/awd five years ago, I was told that I had to take a
DEMOTION but would be immediately promoted ...  "at the most it would
take would be 12 months to get promoted back" (to reassure me, I was
effectively told that it wasn't just another empty ibm management
promise since personnel practices required that the demotion could
last for NO LONGER THAN 12 months).  Unfortunately none of that
happened.  Finally more than two years after having been made the
promise, I open'ed door asking effectively what happened to the
absolutely personnel practices that was suppose to guarantee that the
promotion would take place.  Unfortunately that whole issue appeared
to get lost in the executive/management musical chairs that have gone
on in Austin.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

From the annals of truth is stranger than fiction, both my wife and I
take ITO 31July1992, the next day I get a letter at home saying I had
been given big promotion, effectively immediately (while on ITO).

past refs to SJR opendoor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#65 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#35 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#47 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#48 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#25 Globalization Worker Negotiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career

a few past refs to getting promoted after leaving
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#74 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#34 Tech Time Warp of the Week: The World's First Hard Drive, 1956
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#40 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#10 IBM 1970s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#0 EasyLink email ad

past posts mentioning "business ethics" is oxymoron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#72 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#53 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#37 How do you see ethics playing a role in your organizations current or past?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#36 U.S. students behind in math, science, analysis says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#52 Revisiting CHARACTER and BUSINESS ETHICS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#57 U.S. begins inquiry of IBM in mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#50 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#38 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#20 Would you fight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#0 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#44 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#65 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#47 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#78 IBM Disk Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#49 IBM Career
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#9 Terminology - Datasets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#13 Workplace Advice I Wish I Had Known

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's janky payment system, explained

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's janky payment system, explained
Blog: Facebook
Date: 16 Dec 2018

America's janky payment system, explained
https://theweek.com/articles/812493/americas-janky-payment-system-explained

2nd half of 90s (two decades ago), there were a number of ACH same day
& real time settlement pilots ... banks pushed back because they were
making so much on the "float" ... the delay between when they had to
stop paying interest on the amount in the account (had the money for
free) and when the funds were actually transferred.

After the turn of the century, articles about why EU was moving ahead
faster was because such revenue was much smaller percent (or zero) of
EU banks' bottom line (compared to the US financial institutions).

One such was ACH pilot using standards/definition that I had written
(and chip I had designed), wasn't member of NACHA, so a member
submitted RFI on my behalf (14Sept1998)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/nacharfi.htm

Results of the ACH Internet Council pilot, gone 404, but lives on at
wayback machine (23July2001) ... including being able to do "SECURE"
debit internet transactions (standards/chip was payment method
agnostic, credit, debit, ACH, POS, etc)
http://web.archive.org/web/20070706004855/http://internetcouncil.nacha.org/News/news.html

some old "float" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#digcash IP: Re: Why we don't use digital cash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#echeck Electronic Checks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm7.htm#idcard2 AGAINST ID CARDS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmore.htm#eleccash re:The Law of Digital Cash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#42 Bank Float May Sink
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#7 Bank Float May Sink
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#1 Is there any future for smartcards?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#22 Payment systems - the explosion of 1995 is happening in 2006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#23 Payment systems - the explosion of 1995 is happening in 2006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#31 On-card displays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#41 The bank fraud blame game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#42 The bank fraud blame game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#26 Fixing SSL (was Re: Dutch Transport Card Broken)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#49 Price point

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Christian nationalists are trying to seize power -- but progressives have a plan to fight back

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Christian nationalists are trying to seize power -- but progressives have a plan to fight back
Blog: Facebook
Date: 16 Dec 2018

Christian nationalists are trying to seize power -- but progressives
have a plan to fight back
https://www.salon.com/2018/12/16/christian-nationalists-are-trying-to-seize-power-but-progressives-have-a-plan-to-fight-back/

Platt identified three ways the Project Blitz exemption bills ""limit
rather than enhance religious liberties. "First, they favor certain
views", rather than protecting everyone's views. Second, "they require
people to subsidize religious beliefs that they don't themselves
hold." And third, "some of the proposed exemptions overtly allow
discrimination against religious minorities," such as a
recently-passed Texas bill that "allows religious foster care agencies
to refuse to place children in non-Christian families."

... snip ...

This is along the lines of corporation group in the 40s, because they
had gotton such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting
Nazi Germany, they sponsored a major propaganda campaign to equate
capitalism with Christianity (in part resulting with adding "In God We
Trust" to money and "under God" to the pledge of allegiance)
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

some recent references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#41 Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#74 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#47 America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#62 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#31 The U.S. was not founded as a Christian nation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#67 IBM's Chief Executive's Message to Shareholders 75 Years Ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#58 We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#61 How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#103 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#33 old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#77 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017; The ratio of CEO-to-worker compensation grew to 312-to-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#50 More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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