List of Archived Posts

2017 Newsgroup Postings (10/13 - )

Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
Allied Radio catalog 1956
WW II cryptography
Somewhat Interesting Mainframe Article
Who Is The Smallest Government Spender Since Eisenhower? Would You Believe It's Barack Obama?
The drug industry's triumph over the DEA
The Changing Face of War: Combat from the Marne to Iraq
Allied Radio catalog 1956
The Mathematics of Inequality
Who Is The Smallest Government Spender Since Eisenhower? Would You Believe It's Barack Obama?
Plutocracy Rising repost from Oct 2012
The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
The Warning
Plutocracy Rising repost from Oct 2012
The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
Blockchain on Mainframe ?
IBM open sources it's JVM and JIT code
OFF TOPIC: Leave it to Beaver--sneakers (early 1960s lifestyle)
The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
WW II cryptography
WW II cryptography
Norden bombsight
WW II cryptography
How to Stuff a Wild Duck
What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
The Do's and Don'ts of Kleptocracy
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
TYMSHARE @ CHM
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Security Breach and Spilled Secrets Have Shaken the N.S.A. to Its Core
Debate Over Ken Burns Civil War Doc Continues Over Decades
How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment
How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It
Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
IBM 1403 Printer Characters
Einhorn: "None Of The Problems From The Financial Crisis Have Been Solved"
IBM 1403 Printer Characters
Testing Progressives, Centrist Dems Team Up with GOP to Deregulate Banks
The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac

Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
Date: 13 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge

pg111/loc2179-82:

The backstory to all this is well reported. The Bush administration
appointed hundreds of politically loyal neoconservative bureaucrats to
run postwar Iraq, including the top civilian official—L. Paul
Bremer. Bremer, heavily influenced by Iraqi exiles like Ahmed Chalabi
and supported by Vice President Dick Cheney, implemented a policy of
de-Baathification.

pg111/loc2193-95:

On 16 April 2003, Bremer, against the advice of Colin Powell's State
Department and the Central Intelligence Agency, disbanded the Iraqi
Army. 16 This seemingly simple decision placed a few hundred thousand
unemployed young men back on the street with no effective
reintegration strategy.

pg171/loc3246-49:

All this talk of "what-ifs" and lost Surge opportunities ignores one
salient, if uncomfortable, fact: ISIS is an outgrowth of our own
invasion. Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF—as we gleefully named it) was
more than just an awful euphemism; it spelled catastrophe—and
chaos—for most Iraqis.

... snip ...

related IRAQ posts, WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
more related
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Allied Radio catalog 1956

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Allied Radio catalog 1956
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 14 Oct 2017 09:13:55 -0700

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

over half of corporate defaults are those in or have gone through the
private-equity mill. analogy with house flipping ...  private-equity can
do 100% loan to buy the company, put the loan on the companies books,
flip it ... difference is the 100% loan goes with the company ... not
paid off as part of the sale. private-equity can even sell the company
for much less that what they paid and still walk away with boat loads of
money (in addition to the enormous fees they are charging during the
process).
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#66 Allied Radio catalog 1956
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#67 Allied Radio catalog 1956

IPO in March, Crushed Today: PE Firm Pushes another Retailer into
Brick-and-Mortar Meltdown
https://wolfstreet.com/2017/10/12/j-jill-pe-firm-pushes-retailer-into-brick-and-mortar-meltdown/

On March 9, 2017, private equity firm TowerBrook, the owner of women's
clothing retailer J. Jill, dumped half of its stake via an IPO at a
price of $13 a share into the lap of the unsuspecting public, during a
time when brick-and-mortar retailers that are owned by private equity
firms are heading into bankruptcy court, one after the other.

... snip ...

J.Jill (JILL) Alert: Johnson Fistel Announces Investigation of J.Jill,
Inc.; Encourages Investors to Contact the Firm for Additional
Information
http://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/J-Jill-JILL-Alert-Johnson-Fistel-Announces-Investigation-of-J-Jill-Inc-Encourages-Investors-to-Contact-the-Firm-for-Additional-Information-1003903600

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 14 Oct 2017 11:51:32 -0700

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#88 WW II cryptography

Burton was graduate of 1st USAF academy class and on fast track to
general ... when he says that Boyd ruined his career by challenging to
do what was right. He was forced to retire from the USAF for his part in
significantly improving the Bradley fighting vehicle ... seriously
embarrasing the maker and others in the Pentagon.

The Pentagon Wars
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/

The second half of the book deals with the author's attempts to get
frontline equipment tested under combat conditions. For the first time,
readers learn the nasty details of his battle with the army over
line-fire testing of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle'a battle that he
eventually won, leading to the personnel carrier's redesign and the
saving of many lives.

... snip ...

HBO then dramatized as movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars

there is little that the military-industrial complex won't do in pursuit
of profit. Gun Seller is novel by Hugh Laurie (TV's "House") ... is
about the subject, measures that the MIC will go to and also mentions
Boyd and OODA-loop
https://www.amazon.com/Gun-Seller-Hugh-Laurie-ebook/dp/B000SEGK0M/

loc4605-11:

The day Alexander Woolf decided to take on the military-industrial
complex was the day everything changed. For him, for his family, for his
business. Things changed quickly, and they changed for good. Roused from
its slumber, the military-industrial complex lifted a great, lazy paw,
and swatted him away, as if he were no more than a human being. They
cancelled his existing contracts and withdrew possible future ones. They
bankrupted his suppliers, disrupted his labour force, and investigated
him for tax evasion. They bought his company's stock in a few months and
sold it in a few hours, and when that didn't do the trick, they accused
him of trading in narcotics. They even had him thrown out of the St
Regis, for not replacing a fairway divot.

... snip ...

MIC(C) past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Has military industrial complex wanting the Iraq2 Invasion so badly
corporate reps were telling former soviet block countries that if they
voted for the invasion in the UN, they would get NATO membership and
(directed appropriation) USAID (that could only be spent on modern US
arms). From law of unintended consequences ... in the invasion, they
were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs. When they got around to
going back, a million metric tons had evaporated. Later started seeing
large artillery shell IEDs ... even taking out Abrams
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

The original Iraq2 invasion justification was that Iraq supported Al
Qaeda and it would only cost $50B. It then changed to WMDs. US rep to
UN (cousin of white house chief of staff Card) dealing with Iraqis was
given proof that the WMDs (dating back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had
been decommissioned. The US UN rep provided the information to White
House and was then locked up in military hospital. An account was
published in 2010, including about the decommisioned WMDs, four years
before the information was declassified.
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

The decommissioned WMDs (tracing back to US & Iran/Iraq war) were found
early in the invasion, but the information was kept classified until
fall of 2014
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd

Consistent with Spinney's (another Boyd' acolyte) "perpetual war"
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
and The Pentagon Labyrinth: 10 Short Essays to Help You Through It
(free Kindle at Amazon)
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Labyrinth-Short-Essays-Through-ebook/dp/B014JOVEOS/

as well as "War is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
also references "perpetual war"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

a couple books references the 16yrs and counting activities in Iraq and
Afghanistan ... WMDs fabricated, surge and other activities
significantly misrepresented, and ongoing trillions being dumped into
the military-industrial complex

Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
https://www.amazon.com/Ghost-Riders-Baghdad-Soldiers-Civilians-ebook/dp/B014PWVUAC/
Battle for Baqubah: Killing Our Way Out
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-1SG-Robert-Colella/dp/1469791064/

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#0 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge

Boyd posts

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html -- virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Somewhat Interesting Mainframe Article

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Somewhat Interesting Mainframe Article
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 15 Oct 2017 11:27:37 -0700

billwilkie@HOTMAIL.COM (Bill Wilkie) writes:

But the biggest BOONDOGGLE of all times, was what management spent a
few million on and that was Four Quadrant Leadership. If discussed
something with another person and YOU made the change you were
operating from Quadrant 1. If you discussed it with another persons
and THEY did it you were operating from Quadrant 2. No one ever
figured out whay it was important but everyone in the company had to
take the course. We spent millions and the manager who bought it was
called a VISIONARY. I suspect or should I say HOPE he is on the
unemployment line with the rest of the visionaries.

re:
https://www.infoq.com/articles/retiring-mainframe-programmers

mid-80s, top IBM executives were predicting that corporate revenue would
double mostly based on mainframe business ... and there was massive
internal bldg program to double mainframe manufacturing capacity.

however, a couple years later, a senior disk engineer got a talk
scheduled at the internal, world-wide communication group conference
supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk with statement that
the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of
the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had
stanglehold on datacenter with their corporate strategic responsibility
for everything that crossed the datacenter walls and were fiercely
fighting distributed computing and client/server trying to preserve
their dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was
seeing data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing
friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. They had come up with
several solutions which were constantly vetoed by the communication
group.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

The communication group stranglehold on the datacenter not only was
affecting disk sales but everything mainframe and a few short years
later the company goes into the red.

By the mid-90s, most of the easier applications had fled mainframes
(driving IBM into the red) and the major remaining customer was the
financial industry (accounting for significant percentage of all new
mainframe sales). However, the financial industry was facing significant
bottleneck with decades old legacy cobol financial software that did
settlement in the overnight batch window ... and globalization
(shortening the window) and business increases (increasing workload) was
putting extreme strain on the overnight batch window.

Late 90s, there was a period where the financial industry spends
billions of dollars on new software to support parallized straight
through processing (real-time settlement with every transaction),
planning on using large numbers of killer micros. However there were
using some industry standard parallelization libraries ...  and they
continued down the path even when repeatedly told (including by me) the
libraries introduced factor of 100 times overhead (compared to mainframe
batch cobol).  It wasn't until they actually had some major large pilots
go down in flames that they pulled back (100 times overhead totally
swamped anticipated throughput increases from large numbers of
parallelized killer micros).

A decade later, I was involved in effort that approached it from a
different standpoint. It supported high level business rules that
generated fine-grain, parallelizable SQL statements, and rather than
directly implementing parallelization ... it relied on the enormous work
that all the RDBMS vendors (including IBM) put into scalable cluster
parallelized throughput. Prototype pilots were implemented for different
financial sectors that easily supported several times their current peak
workloads on non-mainframe cluster RDBMS platforms. This was presented
to several financial industry groups and initially had high acceptance
... but then hit brick wall. They eventually said that the top
executives still bore significant scars from the failed efforts in the
late 90s and it would be a very long time before it would be tried
again.

Note that SQL/RDBMS features are common across mainframe and
non-mainframe platforms ... all platforms use industry standard
fixed-block disks, non-mainframes getting slightly better throughput
than mainframe doing CKD simulation on same industry standard disks
(real CKD disks haven't been made for decades). Native fibre-channel
having significantly higher native throughput than mainframe FICON
protocol running over the same fibre-channel.

The most recent published mainframe peak I/O throughput that I've found
is z196 getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICON. About the same time there was
fibre channel announced for E5-2600V1 blade claiming over million IOPS
(for single fibre-channel, two such fibre-channel having higher native
throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre-channel).

max configured z196->z14 went from 80 @625MIPS for 50BIPS to 170
@882MIPS for 150BIPS (three times aggregate processing with more than
double the number of slightly faster processors).

In the same time frame, two chip e5-2600V1 blade at 530BIPS went to two
chip e5-2600v5 at about 4-5 times the aggregate BIPS rate (based on
benchmark iterations ratio to iterations run on 370/158 assumed to be
1MIPS processor).

trivia: in 1988 I was asked to help LLNL (LL national lab) help
standardize some serial stuff they were working with, which quickly
becomes fibre-channel standard ... some past FICON & fibre-channel posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

other triva: in 1980, I was asked to do channel-extender support for
STL (now SVL) that was moving 300 people from IMS group to offsite
bldg. This included doing lot of the channel protocol stuff at the
remote site (significantly reducing the significant channel protocol
latency). This is included in the 1988 fibre-channel stuff but not
leveraged in FICON. Something similar shows up somewhat in zHPF/TCH
(30yrs later) ... but only claims 30% throughput improvement over
standard FICON.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

recent batch settlement &/or straight through processing:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#25 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#48 Windows 10 forceful update?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#84 The mainframe is dead. Long live the mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#23 How to Fix IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#72 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#63 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#39 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#11 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#32 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Who Is The Smallest Government Spender Since Eisenhower? Would You Believe It's Barack Obama?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Who Is The Smallest Government Spender Since Eisenhower? Would You Believe It's Barack Obama?
Date: 15 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

Who Is The Smallest Government Spender Since Eisenhower? Would You
Believe It's Barack Obama?
https://www.forbes.com/sites/rickungar/2012/05/24/who-is-the-smallest-government-spender-since-eisenhower-would-you-believe-its-barack-obama/

2002, congress allows fiscal responsibility act to expire (spending
couldn't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal
debt). 2010 CBO report was in the interim (2003 thru 2009), tax
revenue was cut $6T and spending increase $6T for $12T gap compared to
fiscal responsible budget (1st time taxes were cut to not pay for two
wars). By 2005, the U.S. Comptroller General was including in speeches
that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for
what they were doing to the budget). Since then, taxes haven't been
restored, so debt continues to increase.

Fiscal Responsibility Act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
US Comptroller General posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

An interesting trivia, it was the republican congress in the 90s
primarily responsible for the Fiscal Responsibility Act ... and fiscal
responsible budget ... and then after the turn of the century, it was
a totally different republican congress primarily responsible for
letting the Fiscal Responsibility Act lapse, going crazy selling tax
loopholes to special interest and skyrocketing spending.

In addition to lots of complaints by Comptroller General about the
turn of the century congress had lost their (budget) mind ... 2008
there was (CBS) TV broadcast of roundtable at annual economist
conference on the subject of congress become the most corrupt
institution on earth ... primarily for the selling of tax
loopholes. Primary focus was on "flat tax" as countermeasure to the
rampant corruption (selling tax loopholes). Semi-joke was that major
entity lobbying against it was the country of Ireland; one of the new
loopholes was being able to move US profits to offshore tax haven
... the country of Ireland was a major beneficiary .... Irish
"shoebox" corporations, i.e. Irish corporations that consisted of
little more than shoebox containing incorporation papers ... but were
booking hundreds of billions in US (and other country) profits.

Recent news that EU has directed Ireland to go back and collect tens
of billions in taxes from US technology corporations incorporated in
Ireland (on their EU profits that were being booked in
Ireland). example" The EU is taking Ireland to court over Apple tax
deal worth $15.2B
https://www.fastcompany.com/40476880/the-eu-is-taking-ireland-to-court-over-apple-tax-deal-worth-15-2-billion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The drug industry's triumph over the DEA

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The drug industry's triumph over the DEA
Date: 15 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

The drug industry's triumph over the DEA
https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2017/investigations/dea-drug-industry-congress/?utm_term=.a3b158206e95

Amid a targeted lobbying effort, Congress weakened the DEA's ability
to go after drug distributors, even as opioid-related deaths continue
to rise, a Washington Post and '60 Minutes' investigation finds.

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning pharma &/or opiods
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#94 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#17 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#27 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#100 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#81 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#27 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#67 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#70 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#56 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#15 How Veterans Are Losing the War at Home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#51 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#69 Feds Debt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#84 "Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Changing Face of War: Combat from the Marne to Iraq

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Changing Face of War: Combat from the Marne to Iraq
Date: 16 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

The Changing Face of War: Combat from the Marne to Iraq
https://www.amazon.com/Changing-Face-War-Combat-Marne-ebook/dp/B001O222HC/

loc4480-85:

Perhaps President Bush and his principal advisers, Vice President Dick
Cheney, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, and the latter's deputy
Paul Wolfowitz really believed Saddam Hussein was involved in global
terrorism—even though the CIA Terrorism Report for 2000 had said he
was not, and even though the war itself suggested that he had no links
to al-Qaeda and its allies."6 Perhaps they really believed he
possessed weapons of mass destruction; although, given the crushing
defeat he had suffered in 1991, how they could have thought those
weapons constituted a danger to any other country is hard to
understand.

loc4485-86:

Perhaps they felt that, with US forces leaving Saudi Arabia and that
country seemingly lurching toward civil war, the Middle East was
becoming destabilized and the US needed to dominate another major
oil-producing country in its stead.

... snip ...

Original US justification for 2003 invasion was that Iraq supported Al
Qaeda and it would only cost $50B. It then changed to WMDs. US rep to
UN (cousin of white house chief of staff Card) dealing with Iraqis was
given proof that the WMDs (dating back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had
been decommissioned. The US UN rep provided the information to White
House and was then locked up in military hospital. An account was
published in 2010, including about the decommisioned WMDs, four years
before the information was declassified.
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

The decommissioned WMDs (tracing back to US) were found early in the
invasion, but the information was kept classified until fall of 2014.
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

The military-industrial-complex wanted Iraq2 invasion so badly that
corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if
they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in
NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (that could *ONLY* be spent on
purchase of US arms).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

going back even early CIA Director Colby wouldn't agree with "Team B"
analysis of Soviet military justifying huge US DOD budget
increase. White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld then gets Colby replaced
with Bush that would go along with "Team B"; Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF
and his assistant Cheney becomes WH Chief of Staff. Later Rumsfeld and
VP Bush are helping Saddam with weapons in the Iran/Iraq war,
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

Then Bush is president and Cheney is SECDEF when sat. photo analyst
notifies them is Saddam is marshalling forces for invasion of
Kuwait. WH says that Saddam has told them he would do no such
thing. Then the sat photo analyst notifies WH that Saddam is
marshalling forces to invade Saudi Arabia. Then the WH has to choose
between Iraq and Saudis.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

Later Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF (again),
and former Team B member is claimed to be primary architect of Iraq
strategy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

MIC(C) past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
related IRAQ posts, WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
more related
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Allied Radio catalog 1956

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Allied Radio catalog 1956
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 16 Oct 2017 20:27:06 -0700

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#66 Allied Radio catalog 1956
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#67 Allied Radio catalog 1956
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#1 Allied Radio catalog 1956

some more from today  ....

Asset-Stripping by Private Equity Firms Is Booming
https://wolfstreet.com/2017/10/16/whats-booming-asset-stripping-by-private-equity-firms/

Most of the brick-and-mortar retailers that have filed for bankruptcy
protection to be restructured or liquidated over the past two years have
been owned by private equity firms - including the most recent major
casualty, Toys 'R's. Part of how PE firms make money is by stripping
capital out of their portfolio companies via special dividends funded by
"leveraged loans" - more on those in a moment - leaving these companies
in a very precarious condition

... snip ...

also over half of all corporate defaults are by companies put thru the
PE wringer. one thing I've periodically wondered why all these loan
defaults don't affect the credit-rating of the PE firms that took them
out.

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.euqity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Mathematics of Inequality

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Mathematics of Inequality
Date: 18 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

The Mathematics of Inequality; Bruce Boghosian runs the numbers and
shows that without redistribution of wealth, the rich get richer and
everyone else gets poorer
https://now.tufts.edu/articles/mathematics-inequality

Another Economics Nobel debunking rational actors assumption: Nobel in
Economics Is Awarded to Richard Thaler
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/09/business/nobel-economics-richard-thaler.html
Nobel Laureate Richard Thaler: "We Seem To Be Living In The Riskiest
Market Of Our Lives"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-10-10/nobel-laureate-richard-thaler-we-seem-be-living-riskiest-market-our-lives
Nobel Economist Thaler Says He's Nervous About Stock Market
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-10-10/nobel-economist-thaler-says-he-s-nervous-about-stock-market

Kahneman (psychologist) 2002 Economics Nobel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman

His 1961 dissertation, advised by Susan Ervin, examined relations
between adjectives in the semantic differential and "allowed me to
engage in two of my favorite pursuits: the analysis of complex
correlational structures and FORTRAN programming," as he would later
recall.[4]

... snip ...

here
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman#Judgment_and_decision-making
works with Richard Thaler
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman#Behavioral_economics

there were articles in the wake of economic mess crash about wallstreet
had campaign of tying up prominent economists purposefully for
obfuscation and misdirection ... misc ...

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts,
Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

There were also articles trying to blame the economic mess on the risk
managers. However, the risk managers said that they were forced by
business people to fiddle the inputs until they got the desired result
(GIGO) ... and called for giving risk managers more protection from
business people influence.

July2007, Subprime = Triple-A ratings? or 'How to Lie with Statistics'
(gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20071111031315/http://www.bloggingstocks.com/2007/07/25/subprime-triple-a-ratings-or-how-to-lie-with-statistics/

testimony in the Oct2008 congressional hearings into the role that the
rating agencies played, said that the rating agencies were selling
"Triple-A" ratings for (toxic) CDOs that they knew weren't worth
Triple-A (significantly contributing to being able to do over $27T
... trillion! ... 2001-2008, also enabling selling to operations
restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments, including large
pension funds). During the hearings a TV commentator made snide remark
about the FEDs would never prosecute the rating agencies.

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(Triple-A rated) toxic CDOs posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Who Is The Smallest Government Spender Since Eisenhower? Would You Believe It's Barack Obama?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Who Is The Smallest Government Spender Since Eisenhower? Would You Believe It's Barack Obama?
Date: 18 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#4 Who Is The Smallest Government Spender Since Eisenhower? Would You Believe It's Barack Obama?

it talks about spending increase ... not debt. 2010 CBO report was
that after fiscal responsibility was let to lapse in 2002 (on track to
eliminating all federal debt), taxes were cut $6T and spending
increased $6T for $12T budget gap compared to fiscal responsibility
budget. Next administration almost eliminated further budget increases
.... but taxes weren't restored ... so debt continued to increase
.... the nearly $2T/yr funding gap ... $1T/yr cut in taxes and $1T/yr
increase in spending ... still continued ... but the debt increase
rate had nearly stopped. For nearly the whole period this century the
same party has held the house responsible for house budget/spending
committee and tax committee.

To return to fiscal responsibility budget level ... would require
increasing taxes by trillion dollars/yr and decreasing spending by
trillion dollars/yr ... plus ... what happened last decade with lapse
in fiscal responsibility act and tax cuts & spending gone crazy
has resulted in debt ballooning to $20T ... with $400B in interest on
that debt. To undo that damage requires increasing taxes by nearly
another $1.5T (debt draw down over next 20yrs). Total increase in
taxes by $2.5T per year and $1T per year cut in spending ... to undo
damage done from 2002 letting the fiscal responsibility act lapse.
Alternatively leave spending at the current level (with no increase)
but increase taxes by $3.5T (instead of $2.5T)

Fiscal Responsibility Act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
US Comptroller General posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

Surplus (tax revenue in excess of spending) used to decrease debt
while deficit (spending in excess of tax revenue) increases debt.
Even if year to year shows no spending increase or even spending
decrease ... it can still show deficit when there has been enormous
tax cut (as happened after fiscal responsibility act was allowed to
lapse in 2002 which was on its way to eliminating all federal
debt). The level of debt has exploded since those tax cuts after 2002
($20T) ... and the interest on that debt is becoming major budget
item. The interest on the debt almost accounts for the 2016 deficit
(spending in excess of revenue).

There are currently two different ways of referring to the debt, one
is the total debt of $20T (and total interest) ... and the other is
the public debt $14T (and interest, owned to public, non-gov
entities). The difference is amount owed to government funds like the
Social Security Trust Fund. There is always the suspicion that when
they are constantly referring to "public debt" they are spinning
things to not only welsh on the interest owned the trust fund ... but
even wipe out that debt all together (SS trust fund reset to zero).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Plutocracy Rising repost from Oct 2012

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Plutocracy Rising repost from Oct 2012
Date: 22 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

Plutocracy Rising repost from Oct 2012
http://billmoyers.com/episode/plutocracy-rising/

One of the comments last night was that over 1000 were sent to jail
for the S&L crisis and nobody has gone to jail this time. There was a
2008 Wharton article estimating 1000 responsible for majority of the
economic mess last decade and it would go a long way to fixing the
situation if the gov. could figure out how they could loose their
positions.

wharton article sometimes behind registration wall
http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/coming-soon-securitization-with-a-new-improved-and-perhaps-safer-face/
original wharton article at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20080606084328/http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=1933

from above:

He suggests that the government tell banks that if they want to
maintain their federal insurance, they should fire their CEO by the
end of the day, and the government will pay the CEO $10 million in
severance. Ousting the former CEOs gives the new bank CEOs an
incentive to write down all the bad assets immediately, so that any
improvement will make them look good going forward. That would speed
the painful process of gradual price declines.

...

Linneman figures that 1,000 CEOs are accountable for about 80% of the
current lending mess. If the government were to spend $10 billion to
restore liquidity to the market in nine months with only 1,000 people
losing their jobs, it would be the best investment it could make to
restore the economy. "I'm only half-kidding," he quips.

... snip ...

.... note however, ye2008, just the four largest TBTF were
still carrying $5.2T in offbook toxic assets. Late summer 2008, some
$60B in these toxic assets had been sold for 22 cents on the
dollar. If their offbook toxic assets had been written down, they
would have declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated. Originally
congress was convinced to pass TARP for the purchase of these offbook
toxic assets, but with only $700B appropriated, it would barely begin
to address the problem. TARP was then used for other purposes (which
may have been the intention all along) and the Federal Reserve was
left to deal with the problem.

"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(Triple-A rated) toxic CDOs posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

Former CIA director and then VP repeatedly claimed that he knew
nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger
than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals
and 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the
economic mess should have 2.1M criminal referrals and 70,000 criminal
convictions.

S&L crises post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 22 Oct 2017 11:57:26 -0700

Bob Eager <news0006@eager.cx> writes:

All we had were ASR-33s. This was about 1973.

1968, university had several ASR-33s and one or two 35s, when CP/67
was delivered. CP/67 had 1052 & 2741 terminal support, but no
tty. I added the ascii/tty support and since the base CP/67 support
did auto terminal identification ... using terminal controller SAD CCW
to dynamically switch line/port scanner type, I included TTY support
in that fashion.  The ibm mainframe terminal controller only supported
half-duplex ...  i.e. terminal printed character as it was typed
... and then reflected line interrupt to the mainframe (rather than
full-duplex, were the terminal didn't print anything as typed, the
receiver would echo the character back to the terminal for typing).

In early 80s, I was exchanging email with one of the kids at UCB ...
he said that the vax/tty full-duplex character echo delay was
frequently 30seconds or more.  (allowed type ahead, but takes some
getting use to, character typed echo delay at 30+ seconds) Email
mentioning SJR getting CSNET "phonenet" gateway
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#email821022

In the 60s, I walso wanted to have single dialup number and single
pool of ports for all terminals ("hunt group"). However, while
standard mianframe terminal controller supported dynamically changing
port/line scanner ... each port/line had line-speed (baud rate)
hardwired (and while 1052/2741 terminals had same speed, it was
different from TTY ... 134.5 versus for 110) ... so single hunt group
wouldn't work. hunt group
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting

This helped motivate university to start clone controller project,
doing channel interface hardware board for Interdata/3 programmed to
simulate mainframe terminal controller ... but also dynamically
determining terminal baud rate (rather than having it
hardwired). Interdata starts marketing this commercially and four of
us get written for (some part of) clone controller business. This is
then enhanced with Interdata/4 for the channel interface with cluster
of Interdata/3s for port/line scanners. PE acquires Interdata and
continues to market the boxes under PE logo (I ran into one around the
turn of the century in large datacenter handling majority of east
coast dialup point-of-sale terminals)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

Note the Univ of Michigan did something similar for their 360/67
... but using PDP8
https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html

1052 & 2741 used selectric mechanism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Selectric_typewriter
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Selectric_typewriter#Use_as_a_computer_terminal

Teletype 33
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teletype_Model_33

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Warning

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Warning
Date: 22 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

The Warning
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/warning/

Born was fairly quickly replaced by Gramm's wife while he got
legislation passed to block CDS regulation ... billed as favor to
Enron. Afterwards she resigns and joins Enron board and member of
audit committee.

No2 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

Gramm and the 'Enron Loophole'
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html

Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and
Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined
after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading
Commission.

... snip ...

Phil Gramm's Enron Favor .. gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/

A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy
Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its
board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which
oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this,
the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and
dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in
attendance fees

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Wendy Gramm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#8 Congress just obliterated Obama-era rules preventing ISPs from selling your browsing history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#41 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#85 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#13 What the Enron E-mails Say About Us

Note: that while the senator was behind GLBA and repeal of
Glass-Steagall, he gets his position on the Time's list, not so much
for enabling Too Big To Fail (Too Big To Prosecute and Too Big to
Jail), but for blocking CDS regulation.

In 1999, I was asked to help try to prevent the economic
mess. Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L Crises to
obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs in Texas
that turned out to be empty lots). I was to improve the integrity of
securitized mortgage supporting documents. Then they find that they
can pay the rating agencies for triple-A (when rating agencies knew
they weren't worth tripl-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings).
Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start doing
no-documentation, liar loans which then can sell off almost as quickly
as they are made (also eliminating any need to care about borrower's
qualifications or loan quality), largely enabling doing over $27T
2001-2008 (including selling to operations restricted to only dealing
in safe investments like large pension funds).

Then they find they can start doing securitized mortgages designed to
fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their customers and then take out
(unregulated) CDS gambling bets that they would fail (now they cared
about borrower's qualifications, but not in the way you might think).

... note AIG was largest holder of CDS gambling bets and negotiating
to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has
them sign document that they can't sue those making the bets and to
take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of
TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is
the firm formally headed by the SECTREAS.

"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(Triple-A rated) toxic CDOs posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis
Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

past posts specifically mentioning "The Warning":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#84 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#82 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#64 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#30 Regulators seek to plug derivatives data gaps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#79 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#62 Civilization, doomed?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Plutocracy Rising repost from Oct 2012

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Plutocracy Rising repost from Oct 2012
Date: 22 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#10 Plutocracy Rising repost from Oct 2012

The spring 2008 wharton document goes into some detail about what went
on.

Another detailed article, from late Oct2008, "Evil Wall Street Exports
Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt", original URL
www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601109&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

The bundling of consumer loans and home mortgages into packages of
securities -- a process known as securitization -- was the biggest
U.S. export business of the 21st century. More than $27 trillion of
these securities have been sold since 2001, according to the
Securities Industry Financial Markets Association, an industry trade
group. That's almost twice last year's U.S. gross domestic product of
$13.8 trillion

... snip ...

article gone behind paywall
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2008-10-27/evil-wall-street-exports-boomed-with-fools-born-to-buy-debt
and is not at wayback machine ... but sometimes full text can be found
with web search of the title ... excerpt here
https://www.prisonplanet.com/evil-wall-street-exports-boomed-with-fools-born-to-buy-debt.html
long reference discussion
http://archives.cjr.org/the_audit/audit_roundup_8.php

"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(Triple-A rated) toxic CDOs posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 24 Oct 2017 11:02:56 -0700

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

Right.  And the temp was more than half of my normal speed.
Note that I'm talking about input, not TTY output.  On a PDP-10,
one did not have to wait for the output to stop before typing
more since the -10's monitor supported type-ahead.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#11 The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac

late 60s, switching back and forth between tty33 and 2741 ...  besides
other things, tty33 took more finger strength. some people that could
touch type on 2741 would be two finger typing on 33 because they had to
use hand force to depress the keys.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Blockchain on Mainframe ?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Blockchain on Mainframe ?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 24 Oct 2017 11:08:41 -0700

copied from social media IBM group

Blockchain mining using GPU (graphics) chips that have huge number of
internal processors
https://hothardware.com/news/amd-radeon-rx-vega-mining-block-chain-ethereum
and xeon crypto (xeon are processor chips used in e5-2600 and other
blades) ... benchmark e5-2600v4 against xeon gold (rebranded e5-2600v5)
https://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/intel-xeon-scalable-processor-cryptographic-performance

e5-2600v5 (xeon GOLD) blade is somewhere 10-20 times the BIPS (TIPS)
rating of max configured z14 (@150BIPS).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM open sources it's JVM and JIT code

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM open sources it's JVM and JIT code
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 24 Oct 2017 12:39:28 -0700

tony@HARMINC.NET (Tony Harminc) writes:

One can certainly write a Rexx interpreter (or compiler, for that
matter), and run it under TSO and/or ISPF; in that sense it
*tolerates* those environments. But for reasons known only to IBM,
the interfaces needed to implement *integration* with the TSO/E and
ISPF environments are undocumented. It used to be possible to write
one's own Terminal Monitor Program (TMP), and there was even a book
describing how to do so. With TSO/E that book was dropped, and while
one can guess at much of what needs to be done, there are OCO
control blocks and interfaces that inhibit implementing interfaces
like Address TSO and Address ISPF.

early/mid 70s, internal politics from the Future System group was
shutting down 370 products (pushing that everything would be moved to
completely different Future System). The lack of 370 products during
this period is credited with giving clone processor makers market
foothold.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

23june1969 unbundling announcement started to charge for software &
services ... but managed to make the case that kernel software would
still be free.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

when FS imploded there was mad rush to get products back into the 370
pipeline. old IBM reference:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

at the same time (because of the rise of clone processors) there was
decision to transition to charging for kernel software (my resource
manager was initial guinea pig). This continued into the early 80s
... then starts the OCO-wars. One of the motivations for OCO-wars was
(again) the clone processor competition ... but another motivation was
that customers weren't migrating off MVS to MVS/XA according to
plan. Part of the blame was placed on customers that had source and
made local modifications ... which weren't easily migrated from MVS to
MVS/XA. Eliminating source would minimize customers making local
modifications and enhance IBM control of their customer base.

Complicating things was introduction of clone "hypervisor" (subset of
virutal machines in hardware) which allowed concurrent
operation of MVS & MVS/XA much more efficiently than
traditional virtual machine. IBM was eventually able to respond
with PR/SM & LPARS for 3090 (but by that time some amount of the
MVS->MVS/XA had passed).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OFF TOPIC: Leave it to Beaver--sneakers (early 1960s lifestyle)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OFF TOPIC:  Leave it to Beaver--sneakers (early 1960s lifestyle)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 24 Oct 2017 17:18:16 -0700

hancock4 writes:

Back in the early 1960s, things were different.  On a Leave it to
Beaver episode, Beaver joined a basketball team.  The coach told
the kids to come next time wearing sneakers, and Ward had to go
out and buy a pair for the Beaver.

When I attended elementary school, sneakers were forbidden except
for gym class.  We had to bring them separately and change into
them just for gym, then change back into shoes afterwards.

Fast forward to today at the office--lots of people wearing
running shoes or sneaks to work.

and you couldn't wear street shoes on gym floor.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 25 Oct 2017 15:22:42 -0700

hancock4 writes:

Teletype did offer a CRT unit, and the Bell System made use of them
in quantity, but I'm not sure how popular they were in industry.
It seemed that the 3270 was everywhere.  But in the mid 1980s,
my employer was buying all generic 3270-type terminals.  IIRC, a
3270 ran about $1,000 while a generic was about $850 at that time.

Also, the cost of controllers dropped significantly, which allowed
my employer to greatly expand the number of terminals.  For instance,
in 1980 we had to use shared terminals in "terminal alley", which I
think most companies did.  By 1990, everyone had their own terminal
(or a PC with an IRMA emulator card).

Some companies had to run their coax cables across the ceiling,
suspended by paperclips (we did this, and I saw this at several
other sites).  But by later years, newer cubicles were built with
raceways and wiring to allow hidden wiring.

Los Gatos VLSI did a lot of VLSI design tools ... using Metaware's TWS
for some. Also two of the guys used TWS to do mainframe Pascal that was
used to implement some number of tools. 1980, one of the guys left
... and along with some number of other people did a startup to do 3274
clone controller. They were going to differentiate themselfs by adding
features to do some amount of human factors support ... like
editing/input ... trying to get level of MVS interaction up comparable
to what users saw with vm370/cms (vm370/cms was dominate system used all
over internal IBM in silicon valley ... including purely MVS development
projects).

However, before it shipped, IBM announced IBM/PC ... and users could
start doing similar things using IBM/PC ... and then using terminal
emulation to interact with mainframe ... and I'm not absolutely positive
but they may never did ship any boxes.

trivia ... the former LSG VLSI guy then became VP of software
development at MIPS ... and then when SGI bought MIPS, he went to SUN
and ran the business group that included JAVA.

Intro/base IBM/PC with terminal emulation was only slightly more than
3270. Large companies that already justified hundred/thousands of 3270
... could switch orders to IBM/PC with little additional justification
.... and get single desktop footprint that did mainframe 3270 along with
some local computing.

A major motivation for introduction of token-ring ... was to replace
3270 coax for IBM/PC terminal emulations. mid-80s some large 3270 shops
were starting to exceed bldg. floor loading limits with all the 3270
coax cable. Could run single token-ring CAT5 ... to departmental MAU
... which then had token-ring CAT5 to individual stations (CAT5 cable
was lighter than coax .... and also eliminated needing a cable from the
machine room to each individual terminal ... just use single CAT5 to
local wiring closet with individual station CAT5 from there).

I also remember some comment that it frequently cost $1000 or more to
run new coax from machine room to a new 3270 terminal (aka actual 3270
terminal price was increasing becoming smaller part of the total cost).

past posts mentioning metaware TWS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#19 Beyond 8+3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#71 What terminology reflects the "first" computer language ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#42 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#0 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#1 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#14 Newbie question on table design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#77 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#36 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#11 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#32 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#21 The simplest High Level Language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#52 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#62 Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#94 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89

past posts mentioning bldg/floor load limit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#45 MAD Programming Language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#3 Two subjects: 64-bit OS2/eCs, Innotek Products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#66 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#6 Memory Instrumentation - was "largest parallel sysplex around?"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#46 When did "client server" become part of the language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#49 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#56 Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#5 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#73 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#15 The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 26 Oct 2017 11:03:35 -0700

When Government Wanted To Prosecute Tribune Reporter For
Leak -- But Feared Public Just Wouldn't Get It
https://shadowproof.com/2017/10/25/government-wanted-prosecute-tribune-reporter-leak-feared-public-just-wouldnt-get/

Correspondent Stanley Johnston was accused of revealing the United
States cracked a Japanese code, which alerted the military to Japanese
war plans before the Battle of Midway. A Tribune editor attributed the
source of information to "naval intelligence."

A prosecution was contemplated under the Espionage Act, but the
government backed off because they feared what may happen if a trial
publicized that the U.S. compromised the Japanese code.

... snip ...

past posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#77 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#80 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#81 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#85 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#86 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#88 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#2 WW II cryptography

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 26 Oct 2017 11:08:32 -0700

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

When Government Wanted To Prosecute Tribune Reporter For
Leak -- But Feared Public Just Wouldn't Get It
https://shadowproof.com/2017/10/25/government-wanted-prosecute-tribune-reporter-leak-feared-public-just-wouldnt-get/

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#19 WW II cryptography

and ...

Assistant Attorney General Wendell Berge further concluded on July 27,
"I do not think this is a case that the public would ever
understand. Technical explanation is necessary to spell out the
violation, consequently the whole case would become engulfed in
questions of freedom of the press, censorship, etc. I do not think we
could succeed in making our position clearly enough understood to
accomplish any real public benefit."

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Norden bombsight

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Norden bombsight
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 26 Oct 2017 16:52:34 -0700

Al Kossow <aek@bitsavers.org> writes:

http://www.museumofaviation.org/blog/the-politics-pickle-barrels-and-propaganda-of-the-norden-bombsight/

army air corp was initially claiming that strategic four engine heavy
bomber program could win the war w/o even having to invade europe ...
1/3rd of US WW2 total spending went into the program so there was lots
of pressure to show some results ... including claims for norden
bombsight ... however it was difficult to hit targets from 5-6 miles up
... even when given coordinates by wallstreet.

John Foster Dulles was major force behind rebuilding German military and
industry from 20s up through early 40s ... when US 1943 strategic
bombing program needed German targets and coordinates, they got them
from wallstreet.

Example of Norden bombsight ... European Campaign,
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075

loc2582-85:

The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German
defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At
Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth
Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for
supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights
from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude
sights.

... snip ...

towards the end, strategic bombing could show results when McNamara was
LeMay's staff planning fire bombing of German and Japanese cities
(harder to miss whole city with fire bomb ... something was going to
catch fire).

MIC(C) past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#22 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#61 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#77 Early use of word "computer", 1944
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#53 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 26 Oct 2017 18:59:44 -0700

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

When Government Wanted To Prosecute Tribune Reporter For
Leak -- But Feared Public Just Wouldn't Get It
https://shadowproof.com/2017/10/25/government-wanted-prosecute-tribune-reporter-leak-feared-public-just-wouldnt-get/

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#19 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#20 WW II cryptography

above points to

grand jury testimony
http://nsarchive2.gwu.edu//dc.html?doc=4111563-Document-39-Grand-Jury-Testimony-of-Stanley

which points to related documents; Lessons On Sources And Methods From
The Battle Of Midway, 1942, which also lists 40 additional documents
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/briefing-book/intelligence/2017-10-25/secrecy-leaks-when-us-government-prosecuted-chicago-tribune

and tribune article
http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/ct-met-tribune-espionage-act-book-web-post-out-20171024-story.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to Stuff a Wild Duck

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to Stuff a Wild Duck
Date: 28 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.users.cloud9.net/~bradmcc/GO/wildDuck.html

from ibm jargon:

wild duck - n. A creative technical person who does unconventional
things, or at least does things in an unconventional way. Implies
respect, and an acknowledgement that many of that person's ideas turn
out to be valuable. It is said that IBM does not mind having a few
wild ducks around - so long as they fly in formation. This term was
created by T._J._Watson Jr., who told a story (by the philosopher
Kirkegaard) about a flock of wild ducks that landed near a farm. Some
got fed by the farmer and stayed, and either died of obesity or got
eaten. The truly wild ones flew away - and survived.

... snip ...

IBM Centennial Film: Wild Ducks
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tbGcJiaUC-M

This is about wild duck customers .... seems like all references to
wild duck employees has been totally obliterated. ... although after
the failure of FS ... the (wild duck "employees") reference changes to
"as long as they fly in formation".

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books
(FS reference)

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and
make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter,
IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

and ...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management,
F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from
the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top
executive.reference to the effect of F/S failure had on corporate
culture,

... snip ...

During the FS period, internal 370 projects were being shutdown (which
is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold) since
FS was completely different from 370 and was going to complete replace
it. During this period I continued to work on 370 stuff and even would
periodically ridicule the FS activities (which wasn't exactly career
enhancing activity). In the late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for
online computer conferencing (precursor to social media) on the
internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the
beginning until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when corporate
executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and
the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
Online Computer Congerencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc


Date: 84/04/05  11:43:23
To: wheeler

I've been asked to talk to a freelance writer who is ghosting an
article for REDACTED (corporate executive) to be published in the
Harvard Business Review.  The subject of the article is something
about "fostering creativity in large corporations"; will know more
after I've talked to him.  I'd appreciate any comments/thoughts on
what ought to be said, not said, or emphasized, and especially any
specific experiences you think may be relevant and helpful...

... snip ... top of post, old email index


Date: 84/04/05  18:35:38
To: wheeler

I now know a bit more.  The corporate communications people basically
outlined the article, and it is subtitled something like "6 steps to
creativity".

The 6 points are:

1. Cultivate/encourage the wild duck
2. Encourage creative restlessness --
3. Require continuing education
4. Give serendipity a chance
5. Manage failure well
6. Think the unthinkable

Such as doing business in "different" ways, e.g., IBUs...

... snip ... top of post, old email index

somewhat related:

Management Briefing
Number 1-72: January 18,1972
ZZ04-1312

TO ALL IBM MANAGERS:

Once again, I'm writing you a Management Briefing on the subject of
bureaucracy. Evidently the earlier ones haven't worked. So this time
I'm taking a further step: I'm going directly to the individual
employees in the company. You will be reading this poster and my
comment on it in the forthcoming issue of THINK magazine. But I wanted
each one of you to have an advance copy because rooting out
bureaucracy rests principally with the way each of us runs his own
shop.

We've got to make a dent in this problem. By the time the THINK piece
comes out, I want the correction process already to have begun. And
that job starts with you and with me.

Vin Learson

... and

+-----------------------------------------+
|           "BUSINESS ECOLOGY"            |
|                                         |
|                                         |
|            +---------------+            |
|            |  BUREAUCRACY  |            |
|            +---------------+            |
|                                         |
|           is your worst enemy           |
|              because it -               |
|                                         |
|      POISONS      the mind              |
|      STIFLES      the spirit            |
|      POLLUTES     self-motivation       |
|             and finally                 |
|      KILLS        the individual.       |
+-----------------------------------------+

"I'M Going To Do All I Can to Fight This Problem . . ."
by T. Vincent Learson, Chairman
... snip .... past Wild Duck posts: http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#38 'Innovation' and other crimes http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#25 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#18 IT full of 'ducks'? Declare open season http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#30 IBM Centennial Film: Wild Ducks http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM! http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#1 What is IBM culture? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#45 What is IBM culture? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#93 John R. Opel, RIP http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#105 5 ways to keep your rockstar employees happy http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#121 The Myth of Work-Life Balance http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#72 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#3 Time to Think ... and to Listen http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#7 Leadership Trends and Realities: What Does Leadership Look Like Today http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#17 Hierarchy http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#26 Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#19 SnOODAn: Boyd, Snowden, and Resilience http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#23 How to Stuff a Wild Duck http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#24 How to Stuff a Wild Duck http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#26 How to Stuff a Wild Duck http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#31 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#65 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#12 How do we fight bureaucracy and bureaucrats in IBM? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#72 In Command, but Out Of Control http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#3 Inside the Box People don't actually like creativity http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#4 Inside the Box People don't actually like creativity http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#68 "Death of the mainframe" http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#52 IBM Wild Ducks http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#97 Where does the term Wild Duck come from? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#98 How to groom a leader? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#52 First 2014 Golden Goose Award to physicist Larry Smarr http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#53 Not Wild Ducks but Wild Geese - The history behind the story http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#54 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive' http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#8 Microsoft culture must change, chairman says http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive' http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#33 Can Ginni really lead the company to the next great product line? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#59 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#65 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#79 EBFAS http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#80 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#7 You can make your workplace 'happy' http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#48 Is coding the new literacy? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#17 There's No Such Thing as Corporate DNA http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#60 [Poll] Computing favorities http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#14 Leaked IBM email says cutting 'redundant' jobs is a 'permanent and ongoing' part of its business model http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#96 IBM Wild Ducks http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#93 An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback -- virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
Date: 29 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War? What would
China's history look like if Chiang Kai-shek had ignored George
C. Marshall's request in 1946?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/

Miles puts blame on OSS & Wedemeyer/Army (had been Marshall's staff,
then Marshall supported Wedemeyer) ... already had given China to
Communists before end of WW2. OSS and Army factions can't wrest
control of interface w/Nationalists from the Navy, so they setup with
the communists (which they can claim sole credit) and do whatever they
can to undermine the Navy. Lots in chapter "Wedemeyer Takes Over"
pgs433-455 and SACO Deadend Kids Take The Coast, pg492-521
https://www.amazon.com/different-kind-war-little-known-guerrilla/dp/B0007IYOFW
https://books.google.com/books/about/A_Different_Kind_of_War.html?id=U4pBAAAAIAAJ
Marine's account of SACO
https://www.mca-marines.org/gazette/2009/11/marines-china

Wedemeyer testimony Dec 1947, possibly realizes what was done wrong
http://web.archive.org/web/20110203103817/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,804381,00.html

this tries to absolve State dept. blame (when Marshall was SECSTATE)
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

However, assistant secretary of treasury Harry Dexter White was also
operating on behalf of Stalin ... and did everything possible to
divert congressional funds supporting Kuomintang. Stalin had also sent
White draft demands for US to transmit to Japan ... in US Hull note
(ultimatum) which was major factor in Japan to attack Pearl Harbor.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
hull note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations

disclaimer: after end of hostilities in Europe, in 1946 my wife's
father was posted to Nanking as military advisor to Chiang Kai-shek
(conjecture possible punishment because he refused further command in
Germany, even when promised promotion to general).

besides other reasons Miles refers to OSS/USArmy giving China to the
communists, he describes the part of Chinese army that had cooperated
with the Japanese ... towards the end tried to come over to the
Nationalists but was vetoed by the US Army ... so they went over to
the communists ... and it was largely these forces that show up later
in Korea.

W/O OSS/army giving China to the Communists (with some help from Harry
Dexter White) ... you don't have Korea, w/o China&Korea, you don't
have SE Asia domino theory and you don't have Vietnam. Also you don't
have Korea, Pakistan, Iran nuclear situation.

Remember John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding German
military and industry from 20s up through early 40s. From the law of
unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program
needed coordinates of targets in Germany, they got them from
wallstreet.
http://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:

In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their
investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a
loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their
agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took
power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend
Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan &
Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there,
including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and
General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active
regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria
with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do
business with the Nazis (and circumvent the neutrality laws)
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at
NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad
reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they
approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with
Christianity, in part in the early 50s, it leads to "In God We Trust"
on money and "under God" in the allegiance.
http://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

If it wasn't for Stalin contriving to get US to send the ultimatums in
the Hull note, Japanese may not have attacked Pearl Harbor. Stalin was
battling 3/4s of German military (which they continued to battle thru
the rest of the war) and wanted to preempt Japan from attacking also,
as well as drawing US in on the Soviets side.

other trivia: During "Battle of Britain", FDR's ambassador to Britain
(papa Kennedy) was working with Nazis. FDR called him back to
Washington and presented Kennedy with the proof and gave him an
ultimatum. Kennedy mended his ways, even supporting FDR for reelection
in speeches.
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

loc2645-52:

The Kennedys dined with the Roosevelts that evening. Two days later,
Joseph P. Kennedy spoke on nationwide radio. A startled public learned
he now believed "Franklin D. Roosevelt should be re-elected
President." He told a press conference: "I never made anti-British
statements or said, on or off the record, that I do not expect Britain
to win the war."

British historian Nicholas Bethell wrote: "How Roosevelt contrived the
transformation is a mystery." And so it remained until the BSC Papers
disclosed that the President had been supplied with enough evidence of
Kennedy's disloyalty that the Ambassador, when shown it, saw
discretion to be the better part of valor.

... snip ...

Harry Dexter White, Chiang Kai-shek, Different Kind of War recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#61 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#51 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#34 The head of the Census Bureau just quit, and the consequences are huge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#4 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#81 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography

Foster, Intrepid, &/or corporate propaganda recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#10 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#36 Trump's S.E.C. Nominee Disclosure Offers Rare Glimpse of Clients and Conflicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#77 Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on the businesses that hire them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#22 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#23 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#55 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#60 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#84 Early use of word "computer", 1944
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#85 Early use of word "computer", 1944
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#102 pneumatic cash systems was Re: [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#102 75 years ago, Hitler invaded Poland. Here's how it happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#8 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#41 Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#74 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Do's and Don'ts of Kleptocracy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Do's and Don'ts of Kleptocracy
Date: 30 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook

The Do's and Don'ts of Kleptocracy
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/10/30/the-dos-and-donts-of-kleptocracy

Hiding and laundering the money often requires a network of devious
offshore lawyers ("expert in exotic island banks, sleazy accountants,
pirate tax-havens, fake charities, backdated registrations"), corrupt
military officers, well-connected mistresses, oblivious front men, or
the occasional Liechtenstein foundation.

... snip ...

middle last decade was invited to EU conference held at Lichtenstien
castle of CEOs and exchange presidents. Theme of the conference was
Sarbanes-Oxley leaking into EU ... seemed to be part of Lichtenstien
efforts to get off US Treasury money laundering black list. Stayed at
inn dating from 1600s and innkeaper would joke about getting lots of
visitors with business cards that said "dept. of money laundering"
(specialized in money laundering, rather than anti-money
laundering). My talk was that SOX was something of facade, gift to the
audit industry (after demise in the wake of ENRON) ... lots of
additional audit requirements (expense), but didn't substantially
impact fraud. Some prediction that the only possible provision in SOX
was the part about whistleblowers.

rhetoric on the floor of congress had been that Sarbanes-Oxley would
prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did
jailtime, but it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even
GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of
public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing they
increased after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

note later in the Madoff congressional hearings, they had testimony by
the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do
something about Madoff. One of his comments that whistleblowers turn
up 13 times more fraud than audits.

Enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
Financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
tax evasion, tax fraud, tax haven, tax avoidance posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laudering
Madoff postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: comp.misc, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 30 Oct 2017 15:13:50 -0700

RS Wood <rsw@therandymon.com> writes:

Written in 2014, still valid.  By the author of "technology is
heroin" (an agile/scrum guy).

http://www.whattofix.com/blog/archives/2014/05/we-didnt-mean-for-it-to-turn-out-like-this.php

//--clip
Looking at the net today, I can't help but reflect on how it's turning
out so differently than we imagined:

We wanted to exchange information, not play games.

something similar was claimed for tv, information distribution, not
entertainment. Later claims that majority of video tape industry revenue
comes from porn.

in the 60s, there were a few virtual machine spin-offs of CP/67 from
the science center ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

for commercial online use ... that quickly moved up the value
stream to providing information to the financial industry ... some
past virtual machine based commercial online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

In the early 70s, Tymshare started offering virtual machine based vm370
(cp/67 followon) commercial services. Aug 1976, Tymshare started
offering their vm370/cms based online computer conferencing free to the
IBM mainframe user group ... archived here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

After moving to silicon valley in the 70s, i would go around to various
customers periodically, including Tymshare ... and/or see them at the
monthly Baybunch meetings hosted at SLAC. I also arranged with Tymshare
to make me a full dump of all vmshare files so that I could make them
available internally in IBM. some old related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

On one of the visits to Tymshare, I was introduced to Adventure game ...
they had got it from Stanford SAIL PDP10 and ported it to vm370/cms.
They told the story of informing head of Tymshare that users were
playing games on their service. The head of Tymshare said their system
was only for business uses and all games had to be removed. He was then
told that 1/3rd of Tymshare revenue was then coming from game playing
...  and he changes his mind (I also get copy of Adventure for
distribution internally inside IBM).

I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to social
media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just
about the beginning until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the
corporate executive committee was told about online computer
conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

In early 80s, I was doing some networking in project I called HSDT (in
part funded out of the office of the 6th corporate executive) some past
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

we were also working with the director of NSF and were suppose to get
$20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts
the budget, some other things happened and eventually a RFP is released.
Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The director of NSF tries to
help by writting the company a letter (with support from other
agencies), copying the CEO ... but that just makes the internal politics
worse (as does comments that what we already have running is at least
5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into the
centers it becomes NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet. ref
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/
some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

Last project we did at IBM was HA/CMP ... and working with commercial
cluster scaleup with Oracle and scientific cluster scaleup with national
labs. Then cluster scaleup is transferred and announced as supercomputer
for scientific/technical *ONLY* and we are told we can't work on anything
with more than four processors. we decide to leave IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Later two of the oracle people are at a small client/server startup
responsible for something called commerce server and we are brought in
as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the
server. The startup has also invented this technology they call "SSL"
and the results is now frequently called ecommerce.

Over next few years involved in some number of financial and ecommerce
activities. One visit to large datacenter providing ecommerce hosting
services ... they talk about the internet popularity contests and
regular statistics about webservers with the highest hits per
month. They point out that they host five different ecommerce PORN
services ...  all individually having higher activity per month than the
#1 webserver listed in the public popularity contests. They observe that
it isn't that different than porn dominating the video tape business.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 31 Oct 2017 11:52:08 -0700

Jesse1.Robinson@SCE.COM (Jesse 1 Robinson) writes:

The name change was much bandied about at SHARE in Providence. I for
one have gotten over my indignation and am ready to move on. If you
really want to be offended by an assault on the sensibilities, how
about the fact that there never was a D(bee)1? The product was spawned
in an era where calling anything '2' gave it a veneer of
respectability as if it were a new and improved version of some
mythical precursor. That was implicitly fake news, which we now know
is reprehensible skullduggery.

the original sql/relational implementation done on vm/145 at san jose
research in bldg. 28 on main plant site (before almaden was built up the
hill). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

the "official" next generation DBMS was code named EAGLE (DB1?). while
the corporation was preoccupied with EAGLE, we managed to do tech
transfer to Endicott and get it out as SQL/DS. Then when EAGLE imploded,
there was requests about how fast could sql/ds (system/r) be ported to
MVS. This was eventually released as DB2 originally for decision support
*ONLY*. 1995 System/R reunion
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/
HTML version
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95.html
Some EAGLE reference
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95-System.html#Index164

from above:

Eagle was an IMS successor; it was going to do everything. And they were
very worried about path lengths. So there had been something in IMS
called TP1. But TP1 was more of a general characterization; ET1 was a
specific program. And then Jim wrote all this stuff down in an article
that he published in Datamation. It had Anonymous et al. or something
like that as the author[

... snip ...

When Jim leaves for Tandem, he palms off some amount of stuff on me
releted to System/R as well as consulting with the IMS group.

later we were doing cluster scaleup for rs/6000 ha/cmp ... working
with oracle, ingres, sybase, etc for commercial scaleup and national
labs for scientific scaleup. for commercial scaleup, the issue was
ibm's RDBMS cluster was mainframe only (loosely-coupled). These other
vendors had open system source base that also supported DEC VAX and
DEC VAX/Cluster. I did a cluster scaleuup distributed lock
manager that emulated the DEC VAX/Cluster semantics ... making it
easier for them to port to HA/CMP. The mainframe DB2 group started
complaining that if I was allowed to go ahead, it would be at least
5yrs ahead of them.  This is reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's
(Oracle CEO) on cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Within a few weeks of the above meeting, cluster scaleup was
transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer for numeric/scientific
*ONLY*, and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than
four processors ... some old email for the period
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa
posts mentioning ha/cmp
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Trivia: one of the oracle people mentioned in the Ellison cluster
scaleup meeting claims he was the primary person when he was at IBM,
doing the SQL/DS tech transfer to STL (now SVL) for port to MVS (to
become DB2).

Totally other trivia: in the wake of being told we couldn't work on
more than four processors, we leave IBM. Later two of the other Oracle
people in the Ellison cluster scaleup meeting are at a small
client/server startup responsible for something called the "commerce"
server. We are brought in as consultants because they want to do
payment transactions on the server. The startup had also done some
technology called "SSL" they wanted to use ... the result is now
frequently called "electronic commerce".

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 31 Oct 2017 14:28:23 -0700

ksh@NTRS.COM (Karl S Huf) writes:

Yes, IBM officially rebranded DB2 to Db2 because . . . that's what they
do (apologies to GEICO).  At least it's still pronounced the same so
that's at least one less question I have to field - unlike, say JES2 vs
JES3 ("Hey Karl, are we every going to upgrade to JES3?" - actual
question).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#27 Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS

more trivia ... my wife served stint in the gburg JES group ... one of
the catchers for ASP to turn into JES3 ... then was one of the authors
of "JESUS" (JES Unified System) ... the combined features of JES2 and
JES3 that the respective customers couldn't live without ... but for
various reasons never went any further. She then was con'ed into going
to POK to be responsible for mainframe loosely-coupled architecture
... where she did peer-coupled shared data architecture. She
didn't remain very long because of 1) little uptake (except for IMS
hotstandby until sysplex & parallel sysplex much later) and 2)
constant battles with the communication group trying to force her into
using SNA for loosely-coupled operation (periodic truce where they
allowed she could use anything within the datacenter walls, but
communication group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed
datacenter walls) past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 31 Oct 2017 18:35:14 -0700

edgould1948@COMCAST.NET (Edward Gould) writes:

Way back in the 1980's we had just gotten in a 4331 for testing. I was
given a list of software to order and DL/1 was there but for DOS/VSE.
Was it ever available on MVS?
My memory is starting to ooze here, but wasn't there a DB for VM as well was it QBE(???).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#27 Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#28 Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS

all the original sql/relational was done on vm/145 and then System/R
technology transfer to Endicott for SQL/DS on both DOS/VSE and VM,
before transfer to STL & porting to MVS (after EAGLE implodes).
some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

YKT also did QBE (query-by-example) for VM370. Old email about "father
of QBE and arch-enemy of System/R" doing QBE presentation at SJR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#email800310

QBE ref:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Query_by_Example

note predating SQL & QBE were 4th generation languages developed
on CP67&VM370 for virtual machine based commercial online
offerings. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

Mathematica original did RAMIS and ran on NCSS ... CP67 spin-off from
the science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subotpic.html#545tech

then came FOCUS available on TYMSHARE (later vm370-based online
commercial system) ... and NCSS did NOMAD (as their own proprietary)

some online refs
http://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/text/Oral_History/RAMIS_and_NOMAD/RAMIS_and_NOMAD.National_CSS.oral_history.2005.102658182.pdf
http://www.decosta.com/Nomad/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOCUS

FOCUS is a computer programming language and development environment. It
is a language used to build database queries, and is regarded as a
fourth-generation programming language (4GL). Produced by Information
Builders Inc., it was originally developed for data handling and
analysis on the IBM mainframe.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software

Martin provided a "dozen pages of COBOL, and then just a page or two of
Mark IV, from Informatics." Rawlings offered the following single
statement, performing a set-at-a-time operation, to show how trivial
this problem was with Nomad:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_software

RAMIS was initially developed in the mid 1960s by the company
MATHEMATICA on a consulting contract for a marketing study by a team
headed by Gerald Cohen and subsequently further developed and marketed
as a general purpose data management and analysis tool. In the late
1960s Cohen fell out with the management of MATHEMATICA and left to form
his own company. Soon thereafter his new company released a new product
called FOCUS which was very similar to RAMIS - even, it is rumored,
having some of the same bugs.

... snip ...

posts mentioning QBE:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#44 SQL wildcard origins?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#70 Pismronunciation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#11 Dreaming About Redesigning SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#18 Dreaming About Redesigning SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#19 Dreaming About Redesigning SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#25 Network databases
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#21 Ellison Looks Back As Oracle Turns 30
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#82 What would be a truly relational operating system ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#55 Maybe off topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#60 Maybe off topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#1 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#60 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#37 PDP-10 byte instructions, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#85 Great mainframe history(?)

other posts mentioning RAMIS, NOMAD, &/or FOCUS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#15 CA-RAMIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#17 CA-RAMIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#15 Dreaming About Redesigning SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#37 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#49 Seeking info on HP FOCUS (HP 9000 Series 500) and IBM ROMP CPUs from early 80's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#12 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#37 Quote from comp.object
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#17 Newbie question on table design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#40 Gone but not forgotten: 10 operating systems the world left behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#54 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#55 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#58 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#21 What non-IBM software products have been most significant to the mainframe's success
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#26 Global Sourcing with Cloud Computing and Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#63 VMSHARE Archives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#69 "Best" versus "worst" programming language you've used?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#39 Beyond Patriot? The Multinational MEADS Air Defense Program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#43 z/OS's basis for TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#51 From Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#84 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#42 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#56 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#57 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#63 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#16 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#0 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#62 Google F1 was: Re: MongoDB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#77 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#34 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#32 Speed of computers--wave equation for the copper atom? (curiosity)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#101 Flat (VSAM or other) files still in use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#40 How Larry Ellison Became The Fifth Richest Man In The World By Using IBM's Idea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#27 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#107 some computer and online history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#28 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 01 Nov 2017 10:45:29 -0700

Charles Richmond <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:

There exists today hacker groups that want to help find the security
holes and made computer systems more secure... especially computer
systems that control physical things like computers controlling cars
and controlling insulin pumps for diabetics.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#26 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

two decades ago, we had at our house a mini-conference with professors
of graduate computer security programs from universities in
cal. Number one problem was the graudate students in computer security
weren't interested in working on improving security design and
implementation ... but were spending all their time looking for
vulnerabilties because they got peer creds for finding the next
exploit (no peer acknowledgement for designing and building better
computer security ... which was also much harder and time consuming).
Things haven't significantly changed since then (other than they are
trying to better monetize discovery of exploits)

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#26 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#62 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#36 Builders V. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#15 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 01 Nov 2017 11:03:22 -0700

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

... which was also much harder and time consuming).  Things have
significantly changed since then (other than they are trying to better
monetize discovery of exploits)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#26 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#30 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

fingerslip ... Things have NOT significantly changed since then (other
than they are trying to better monetize discovery of exploits)

...

RFC Editor Postel (until he passed) used to let me help with the
periodic published STD1. He also sponsored my talk on "Why Internet
wasn't business critical dataprocessor" at ISI & the USC graduate
network security program came over (it was standing room only in the
largest room ISI had).

postel ref
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Postel

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#21 Congratulations IBM for 'inventing' out-of-office email. You win Stupid Patent of the Month
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#24 elliptic curve pkinit?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#32 The very beginning of TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#11 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#14 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#47 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#70 Domain Name System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#75 11May1992 (25 years ago) press on cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#14 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#18 progress in e-mail, such as AOL

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 01 Nov 2017 11:21:13 -0700

Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:

But it is distressingly often that the hacker who is trying to warn
about the problem discovers that shooting the messenger is looked on
as the easiest fix.

On the one hand, the party that has the vulnerability gets a black eye
in PR terms for having had the vulnerability, and has to spend time
and money fixing the problem. On the other hand, the cops get an easy
arrest and conviction. The solution is win-win for everybody except
the hacker.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#26 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#30 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#31 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

also two decades ago, there were financial industry critical
infrastructure protection meetings in the white house annex.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection

The biggest issue over the financial industry ISAC
https://www.fsisac.com/

was to make sure it wasn't a government operation and therefor not
subject to FOIA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_of_Information_Act_(United_States)

the concern was not about other criminals learning of attacks &
exploits, they didn't want the public to learn how bad things were.

we had also been brought in to help wordsmith some cal. state
legislation. they were working on electronic signature, data breach
notification and opt-in personal information sharing. several of the
participants had done detailed public privacy surveys and the number one
issue was identity theft of the form of fraudulent financial
transactions resulting from various kinds of data breaches.

There was little or nothing (then) being done about data breaches. The
issue was that entities typical take security measures in self
protection. The problem with most data breaches was that the institution
wasn't at risk but the public. It was hoped that the publicity from the
notifications would motivate corrective action (which undermined the
effort to make sure ISACs weren't subject to FOIA).

Note since then there have been several federal (state pre-emption)
bills, about evenly divided between those similar to the
cal. legislation and those that would effectively eliminate notification
(some cleverly written that notification is only required when a large
combination of different personal information was involved ... where
institutions would rarely or never have all of the information on the
list).

data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It
Date: 09 Nov 2017
Blog: Facebook

How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working
To Reinvent It
https://www.fastcompany.com/40492472/how-darpa-the-secretive-agency-that-invented-the-internet-is-working-to-reinvent-it

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

about former co-worker at the science center (also book at amazon)
... who was bullied as child because he was different ... "It's cool
to be clever"
https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cool-to-be-clever-edson-hendricks/id483020515?mt=8

It's Cool to be Clever: the true story of Edson C. Hendricks, the
genius who invented the design for the Internet. Bullied as a child,
Edson Hendricks went on to create the forerunner to the Internet. IT'S
COOL TO BE CLEVER tells the true story of an inquisitive schoolboy in
the 1950s who is bullied because he is so smart. He finds comfort in
an imaginary world where he has machine parts, and no biological
organs or emotions. Years later, Edson's strange capacity to "think
like a machine" helps him create a way for computers to
communicate. His "connectionless" network design is used in today's
Internet.

... snip ...

Ed was also responsible for the internal network, larger than the
arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

The technology was also used for the corporate sponsored university
network (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

bitnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to social
media) on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore
is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online
computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire
me. Then I got funding out of the sixth's office for something called
HSDT (high-speed links). Part of this was working with the director of
NSF for interconnecting the NSF supercomputer centers. We were suppose
to get $20M, then congress cuts the budget, some other things happend,
and finally releases RFP. Internal politics prevents us from
bidding. The NSF director tries to help, writes the company a letter
(with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal
politics worse (as does comments that what we already had working was
at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). Note as regional networks
connect into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone, precursor
to modern internet.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

trivia: late 80s/early 90s, much of the federal government had a
directive to do away with the internet, moving everything to OSI
(GOSIP).

from long ago and far away

13 May 1986, 16:39:40
To: wheeler

Lynn,

We don't have a definite schedule for connection.  There is a
solicitation for proposals from NSF which has a June 1 deadline for
fiscal 86 funding.  Proposals received after June 1 will be considered
for fiscal 87.  It's not clear we would be ready before October
anyway. We are running into several things which could delay
connection.  For example, we have potential for fairly easy
communications to the U. of Washinton, but their connection to San
Diego is MFEnet not TCP/IP which NSF plans to use for the rest of the
network.  Also, there is a group in the northwest that is trying to
consolidate the requirements of most of the univeristies in the area
into a joint proposal.  We are also seeking help in installing a
Vector Facility on the 3090.  That could have an affect on when we
would hook up.

It looks like a simpler interconnection is badly needed.  So far,
there doesn't seem to be an IBM:NSFnet connection that doesn't require
products from five or six other vendors.

We would be interested in hearing what comes out of your June
meetings.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

NSFNET related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

BBN was suppose to do the "official" DARPA TCP/IP implementation and
CSRG being told that they couldn't to TCP/IP implementation (which
became the most widely used implementation) ... verbally agreeing with
DARPA that they weren't doing TCP/IP ... while totally ignoring
them. original article went 404 ... but lieves on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20050418032606/http://www.be.daemonnews.org/199909/usenix-kirk.html

from above:

He said (paraphrased) that every DARPA meeting ended up the same, with
the Military coming in and giving CSRG (at UCB, the group that worked
on BSD) a stern warning that they were to work on the Operating
System, and that BBN will work on the networking. Every time, Bob
Fabry, then the advisor of CSRG, would "Yes: them to death" and they'd
go off and just continue the way they were going. Much to the
frustration of the DARPA advisory board.

... snip ...

The original IBM mainframe TCP/IP product implementation was done in
VS/Pascal (and didn't have the buffer problems that were epidemic in C
language implementations). However, the communication group first
fought hard to block its release. Finally when they couldn't
completely block its release, they claimed that it had to be turned
over to the communication group for release. What shipped to customers
got 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090 processor. I did the RFC1044
enhancements and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341
and Cray got sustained channel throughput using only modest amount of
4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per
instruction executed).

RFC1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

Later the communication group had contractor do TCP/IP implementation
in VTAM. The initial demo was that it ran significantly faster than
LU6.2. The communication group told the contractor that everybody
knows that a "proper" TCP/IP implementation ran much slower than LU6.2
and they would only be paying for a "proper" implementation.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2017 17:14:15 -0800

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

OS/360 _was_ device-independent as compared to many other systems. It was
possible to swap one tape, dis, or unit-record device for another without
needing to recompile your program, unlike, e.g. (IBM) DOS. The cost was
that OS built the channel programs dynamically at open time.

On the other hand Burroughs MCP was about the same vintage and needed none
of that nonsense. It may have been more limited in terms of devices
supported or options (I don't know), but in most cases the programmer
didn't care.

OS/360 SVC open/close was enormous heavy weight operation ... the code
was implemented to run in SVC transient 2k-byte area ... so there could
be sequence of a large number of open/close transient area routines that
had to be pulled in serially (random access off disk). Besides device
specific characteristics and open select the correct routines ... in
addition there was large number of options ... like qsam or bsam.  qsam
handled serialization but could also support multiple concurrent
buffering (read-ahead, write-behind). bsam required application to
implement some serialization protocol ... allowed greater degree of
concurrency & overlapped operation. It evolved not so much for software
development, but for production applications that ran day after day with
no programmer around (human operators for mounting required devices).

Early 360/65 running a student fortran compile, link/edit, execute
... could take over 30 seconds elapsed ... a large majority was elapsed
time for loading the transient SVC open/close code segments.  A big part
of early OS/360 transaction processing systems ... was that they did all
the opens at startup and ran for hours ... providing lightweight system
services for transactions and minimized direct use of OS/360 (very
heavyweight) native services.

The library routines selected by SVC open ... based on device and
options ... would build real (device dependent) channel programs running
in application space and privilege. It would then do SVC0/EXCP to pass
channel program to supervisor for initiation. This represented
significant problem for OS/360 moving to virtual memory. Execution of
channel programs did transfers to/from real addresses. In move to
virtual memory, application library built channel programs with virtual
addresses. When this was passed to SVC0/EXCP for execution, required
that a complete copy of the original channel program ...  substituting
real for virtual addresses (plus some misc. other things). This is
similar to what virtual machine CP67 had to do for virtual machine
channel programs. In fact, the original OS/360 move to virtual machine,
borrowed the code from CP67 to add to EXCP processing. recent posts
mentioning the biggest amount of code for OS/360 support virtual memory
was borrowing CCWTRANS (from CP67).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#19 follow up to dense code definition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#90 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#83 Mainframe operating systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#5 TSS/8, was A Whirlwind History of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#59 64 bit addressing into the future

The official operating system (TSS/360) for virtual memory 360/67
implemented "single-level-store" virtual memory paradigm ... basically
mapping files to virtual addresses and then page faulting (as
necessary). This was aided by 360/67 had both 24bit addressing (standard
360 16mbyte addresses) and 32bit addressing (4mbyte addresses). TSS/360
had several problems, reliability not satisfactory for production work,
extremely bloated fixed kernel size (occupied significant part of
availabel real storage), serialized application execution with page
faults, etc.

As undergraduate, univ. hired me fulltime to be responsible for os/360
production system running 360/67 as 360/65. Later, cp/67 was installed
and I could play with it on weekends. The IBMer working with TSS/360 and
I did a fortran edit/input (with simulated think time), compile, link,
run benchmark. CP67/CMS running 35 simulated users had higher throughput
and lower response than TSS/360 running 4 simulated users doing same
benchmark.

In the 70s, I did a page-mapped filesystem, first for CP67/CMS and then
moved to VM370/CMS ... and would claim I learned not how to implement it
from TSS/360 ... could get 3-4 times the throughput than standard CMS
filesystem. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

However at about the same time, Future System effort was
going on and was doing a TSS/360-like single-level-store implemenation
(and contributed to failure of FS). FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

there is the folklore that the later s/38 ... did a (TSS/360, FS)
single-level-store implementation ... but the degraded throughput wasn't
an issue in the s/38 market (ease of use and convenience was more
dominant factor). trivia: s/38 did treat all disk drives and single pool
of records, records for a file could be scatter allocated across all
available devices ... which required all disks backed-up and restored as
single entity. Single disk failure required complete filesystem
restored. This could take 24hrs on s/38 .... and didn't scale for large
mainframe configuration that might have 300 disks (any single disk
failure required disk replaced and then all disks restored).  Traumatic
effects of single disk failure was major motivation for S/38 being early
adopter of RAID.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2017 17:25:20 -0800

Jorgen Grahn <grahn+nntp@snipabacken.se> writes:

I was far to the left at the time (and nineteen years old) so I saw
the fall of communism as a loss. Capitalism was clearly broken, and I
was hoping they'd eventually come up with something better that the
rest of us could adopt.

... "Harvard Responsible For The Rise of Putin" .... Russia needed
somebody to standup to the US kleptocracy capitalists.

John Helmer: Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It
Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/john-helmer-lunatic-russia-hating-washington-70-years-old-started-joseph-alsop-george-kennan-washington-post.html

In interview with fareed, Kissinger somewhat indirectly referred to
theme about "Harvard being responsible for the rise of Putin"
(i.e. Russia needed strongman to oppose the westerners that seemed
intent on looting the country). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster
Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true
proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an
extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional
Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard
faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and
resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier
university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be
capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to
scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting
framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself
acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in
Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers,
who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its
cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the
U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

I was semi-involved, asked about plan for 5,000 bank branches around the
country (@$1m, $5B total) as part of promoting democratic capitalism
... but then western capitalist kleptocracy in Russia implodes.

... going back a little further ...

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding German military and
industry from 20s up through early 40s. From the law of unintended
consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program needed
coordinates of targets in Germany, they got them from wallstreet.
http://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:

In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their
investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan
of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His
ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the
beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as
minister of economics.

loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell
quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not
just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric,
wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political
conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria
with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do
business with the Nazis (and circumvent the neutrality laws)
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

sometime later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference
(also) at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such
bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they
approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with
Christianity, in part in the early 50s, it leads to "In God We Trust" on
money and "under God" in the allegiance.
http://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

recent posts mentioning Putin and/or John Foster Dulles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#56 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#36 Trump's S.E.C. Nominee Disclosure Offers Rare Glimpse of Clients and Conflicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#22 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#23 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#103 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#65 View of Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#69 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#85 Early use of word "computer", 1944
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#39 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#102 75 years ago, Hitler invaded Poland. Here's how it happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#69 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#74 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#82 Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#21 Norden bombsight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2017 17:55:38 -0800

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

other trivia: During "Battle of Britain", FDR's ambassador to Britain
(papa Kennedy) was working with Nazis. FDR called him back to
Washington and presented Kennedy with the proof and gave him an
ultimatum. Kennedy mended his ways, even supporting FDR for reelection
in speeches.
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

loc2645-52:

The Kennedys dined with the Roosevelts that evening. Two days later,
Joseph P. Kennedy spoke on nationwide radio. A startled public learned
he now believed "Franklin D. Roosevelt should be re-elected
President." He told a press conference: "I never made anti-British
statements or said, on or off the record, that I do not expect Britain
to win the war."

British historian Nicholas Bethell wrote: "How Roosevelt contrived the
transformation is a mystery." And so it remained until the BSC Papers
disclosed that the President had been supplied with enough evidence of
Kennedy's disloyalty that the Ambassador, when shown it, saw
discretion to be the better part of valor.

... snip ...

and on the other side of the world, in asia ... how the OSS & the Army
game China to the communists.

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War? What would China's
history look like if Chiang Kai-shek had ignored George C. Marshall's
request in 1946?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/

Miles puts blame on OSS and Wedemeyer/Army (had been marshall's staff,
then Marshall supported Wedemeyer) ... already had given China to
Communists before end of WW2. OSS and Army factions can't wrest control
of interface w/Nationalists from the Navy, so they setup with the
communists (which they can claim sole credit) and do whatever they can
to undermine the Navy. Lots in chapter "Wedemeyer Takes Over" pgs433-455
and SACO Deadend Kids Take The Coast, pg492-521.
https://www.amazon.com/different-kind-war-little-known-guerrilla/dp/B0007IYOFW
https://books.google.com/books/about/A_Different_Kind_of_War.html?id=U4pBAAAAIAAJ

Marine's account of SACO
https://www.mca-marines.org/gazette/2009/11/marines-china
Wedemeyer testimony Dec 1947, possibly realizes what was done wrong
http://web.archive.org/web/20110203103817/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,804381,00.html
this tries to absolve State dept. blame (when Marshall was SECSTATE,
some excuse that Marshall was preoccupied with Europe during WW2 and
then more Europe like Marshall Plan ... and so wasn't paying as
much attention as he should)
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

However, assistant secretary of treasury Harry Dexter White was also
operating on behalf of Stalin ... and did everything possible to divert
congressional funds supporting Kuomintang. Stalin had also sent White
draft demands for US to transmit to Japan ... in US Hull note
(ultimatum) which was major factor in Japan to attack Pearl Harbor.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
hull note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations

besides other reasons Miles refers to OSS/USArmy giving China to the
communists, he describes the part of Chinese army that had cooperated
with the Japanese ... towards the end tried to come over to the
Nationalists but was vetoed by the US Army ... so they went over to the
communists ... and it was largely these forces that show up later in
Korea.

W/O OSS/Army giving China to the Communists (with some help from Harry
Dexter White) ... you don't have Korea, w/o China&Korea, you don't have
SE Asia domino theory and you don't have Vietnam. Also you don't have
Korea, Pakistan, Iran nuclear situation.

more "The Dulles Brothers", loc2611-13:

In 1953, overthrowing Mossadegh had been the Dulles brothers'
obsession. The next year it was Arbenz. Now they focused on Ho Chi Minh,
the Communist leader of Vietnam's anticolonial movement. They singled
him out not simply because of who he was, but where he was. Europe had
settled into its Cold War pattern, and although Foster and Allen still
considered it the center of the world, they believed the front line had
moved to East Asia. They mistakenly saw China as a pawn of the Soviet
Union, and Ho, also mistakenly, as a puppet of both. Crushing him, they
decided, would be the most potent next blow they could strike against
"international Communism."

... snip ...

.... which included things like disposing elected leader of Iran,
supporting Shah and his dreaded SAVAK (trained by Schwarzkopf senior).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

Then there was something similar in Guatemala (US has had its share of
banana republics and excessive repressive regimes).

Beetle: The Life of General Walter Bedell Smith
http://www.amazon.com/Beetle-General-Walter.../dp/B0078XFMVY

pg33/loc786-88:

Two days after his fifty-fifth birthday, on 7 October 1950, Smith
inherited an organization in tatters. The agency's multiple failures,
climaxing with the North Korean invasion, gave Smith the mandate to
reform the intelligence agency.

pg47/loc1053-56:

In the period before the election, John Foster Dulles had engaged in
some calculated maneuvers designed to remove any possibility of Smith's
remaining at the CIA, intending to replace Smith with his brother
Allen. Dulles talked about aggressively "rolling back" communism and
envisioned a more proactive role for the CIA; during his tenure, Smith
actively blunted many covert operation initiatives.

... snip ...

other recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 10 Nov 2017 09:12:05 -0800

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

The concept of setting up all the facilities needed by a job before
starting it is good. JCL syntax is similar to assembler, which most
programmers would have been familiar with in olden times. The biggest
problem area (IMHO) is the plethora of DCB parameters, sub-parameters,
sub-sub... well you get the idea, and these were a result of the huge
number of different devices, access methods, etc.If you drop these out JCL
would be a lot simpler.

At one point I thought about writing an interpreter for a  job control
language which would have faintly resembled Rexx, before Rexx was invented,
but nothing ever came of it.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#26 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#30 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#31 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#32 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#34 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

in early years of os/360, job scheduler/JCL appeared to be going through
quite a bit of evolution. switching to new release of os/360 required
quite a bit of testing ... frequent problem was production JCL would
stop working and required a lot of debugging to figure out what the
problem was.

JCL
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Job_Control_Language
some JES extensions
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Job_Control_Language#Job_Entry_Control_Language
complexity
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Job_Control_Language#Complexity
comments
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Job_Control_Language#Comments

JCL files can be long and complex, and the language is not easy to
read. (JCL has been described as "user hostile".) OS JCL allows
programmers to include two types of explanatory comment

... snip ...

JCL enhancements
https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/community/blogs/5things/entry/5_things_to_know_about_using_symbols_in_jcl_in_z_os_v2r1?lang=en
http://ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/tipstechniques/systemsmanagement/jcl_symbols/

JOB Scheduling
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Job_scheduler#History

Job Control Language (JCL) on IBM mainframes. Initially based on JCL
functionality to handle dependencies, this era is typified by the
development of sophisticated scheduling solutions (such as Job Entry
Subsystem 2/3) forming part of the systems management and automation
toolset on the mainframe.

... snip ...

JES2/JES3
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Job_Entry_Subsystem_2/3

JES3 Main Device Setup (MDS) has more control over data sets shared
between systems than JES2, and JES3 Dependent Job Control (DJC) has more
provisions for scheduling jobs with dependencies on each other than
JES2. With the widespread use of sophisticated job scheduling software,
DJC has become less important.

... snip ...

trivia, my wife did stint in gburg JES group and was one of the catchers
for ASP turning it into JES3. She then was coauthor of JESUS (JES
Unified System) design, all the features of JES2 & JES3 that the
respective customers couldn't live w/o ... for various reasons, it never
came to fruition.

past hasp, asp, jes2, jes3, NJI/NJE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

other trivia, early in rex lifetime (before renamed rexx and released to
customers), I wanted to show it wasn't just another scripting
language. I chose as demo to rewrite IBM IPCS (large assembler utility)
in rex, do it in half time over three months with ten times the (IPCS)
function and running ten times faster (some slight of hand programming
hacks). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

Batch processing history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batch_processing#History
Batch Window
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batch_processing#Batch_window

recent posts mentioning overnight batch window (frequently also
references financial industry moving to straight-through processing)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#63 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#39 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#11 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#17 Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#32 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#3 Somewhat Interesting Mainframe Article

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 10 Nov 2017 16:55:45 -0800

hancock4 writes:

It should be noted that IBM was criticized for not providing
more facilities in System/360 to facilitate on-line processing
(they did provide some important features).  But IBM found that
on-line processing was resource intensive, and serving more than
a few terminals required considerable horsepower and complex
management software.  In batch processing, generally one program
is involved, while in on-line processing, a variety of programs
can get called in and out.  Also, the same program may be at different
stages handling different transactions.

The CICS we use today is far different and evolved than the CICS
used 35 years ago.  Far more robust and reliable, and applications
are easier to program.

CICS required real storage because it provided system services much more
efficient/faster than standard os/360 services. At startup CICS would
acquire significant OS/360 ... including pre-openning files (that stayed
open during CICS execution avoiding having to repeatedly extremely
expensive os/360 SVC open/close) ... reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#34 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

CICS had very short pathlength multitasking, storage
allocation/deallication, and other system services ... but not
very sophisticated ... strictly single processor and didn't
scale very well. Circa 2000, I was in datacenter with large
multiprocessor mainframe that was running 130 instances of CICS.

Something similar happen to MVS (z/OS) ... that sophistication of
operating system scaleup didn't keep pace with increasing power and
number of processors. Nearly all mainframes now operate with multiple
LPARs (subset of virtual machine function buried in the hardware) and
multiple operating system copies. The 130 instances of CICS were
partitioned across the multiple copies of MVS running in multiple
different LPARs all on single real machine.

CICS was developed at customer.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CICS
early history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CICS#History

univ. library got ONR grant to do online catalog and used part of the
money to get 2321 datacell. The effort was also selected to be betatest
for the original CICS program product in 1969 and I got tagged to
debug/support CICS.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CICS#Early_evolution
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

some more cics reference ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine

The Evolution of CICS: CICS and Multiprocessor Exploitation (2004)
http://web.archive.org/web/20041023110006/http://www.yelavich.com/history/ev200402.htm
and
http://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/http://www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm
and
http://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm

other posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#26 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#30 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#31 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#32 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#37 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS
Date: 10 Nov 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#15 The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#26 The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS

all the original sql/relational was done on vm/145 at SJR. While IBM
was preoccupied with the official new DBMS "EAGLE", managed to do
System/R technology transfer to Endicott "under the radar" for SQL/DS
on both DOS/VSE and VM. When EAGLE implodes, there is request about
how fast could it be ported to MVS ... eventually coming out as DB2
for decision support *ONLY*. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr
more from 1995 SQL Reunion
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/
a little EAGLE bashing
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95-DB2.html

YKT also did QBE (query-by-example) for VM370. Old email about "father
of QBE and arch-enemy of System/R" doing QBE presentation at SJR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#email800310
QBE ref:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Query_by_Example

note predating SQL & QBE were 4th generation languages developed on
CP67&VM370 for virtual machine based commercial online offerings. past
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

Mathematica original did RAMIS and ran on NCSS ... (virtual machine)
CP67 spin-off from the IBM cambridge science center, some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subotpic.html#545tech

then came FOCUS available on TYMSHARE (later vm370-based online
commercial system) ... and NCSS did NOMAD (as their own proprietary)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

some online refs
http://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/text/Oral_History/RAMIS_and_NOMAD/RAMIS_and_NOMAD.National_CSS.oral_history.2005.102658182.pdf
http://www.decosta.com/Nomad/

FOCUS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOCUS

FOCUS is a computer programming language and development
environment. It is a language used to build database queries, and is
regarded as a fourth-generation programming language (4GL). Produced
by Information Builders Inc., it was originally developed for data
handling and analysis on the IBM mainframe.

... snip ...

more NOMAD
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software

Martin provided a "dozen pages of COBOL, and then just a page or two
of Mark IV, from Informatics." Rawlings offered the following single
statement, performing a set-at-a-time operation, to show how trivial
this problem was with Nomad:

... snip ...

RAMIS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_software

RAMIS was initially developed in the mid 1960s by the company
MATHEMATICA on a consulting contract for a marketing study by a team
headed by Gerald Cohen and subsequently further developed and marketed
as a general purpose data management and analysis tool. In the late
1960s Cohen fell out with the management of MATHEMATICA and left to
form his own company. Soon thereafter his new company released a new
product called FOCUS which was very similar to RAMIS - even, it is
rumored, having some of the same bugs.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.misc
Date: Sat, 11 Nov 2017 09:45:32 -0800

usenet@only.tnx (Questor) writes:

Again, MS-DOS/DR-DOS/PC-DOS does not have batch processing; .BAT files are
scripts.

i would differentiate that online/interactive tended to have basic
assumption that user was present running program ... while batch tended
to assume that user wasn't present. batch processing tended to
heuristically evolve more and more automation support over the years.

I got into this doing (unix) IBM's HA/CMP product and later with
(unix-based) webservers when brought in as consultant at small
client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their
server (they had also invented this technology they called "SSL", the
result is now frequently called "electronic commerce"). There was all
sorts of things that needed automation that had been part of IBM batch
systems for years.

recent reference to my wife having done stint responsible for
loosely-coupled architecture (mainframe for cluster) but didn't stay
long ... in part because of little uptake (except for IMS hot-standby
... until sysplex & parallel sysplex years later).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#28 Db2! was: NODE.js for z/OS
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

The guy responsible for one of the financial networks clearing large
amounts of financial would like us to come by periodically to talk
technology. He had attributed 100% availability for more than a decade
to

1) replicated IMS hot-standby (at multiple geographically separated
locations
2) automated operator

IMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Information_Management_System
mentions large financial customer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Information_Management_System#Application

above also references pros/cons IMS versus DB2 ... which originated
by the STL IMS group in the 70s criticizing the original sql/relational
implementation System/R ... some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

had also run into this earlier when we were doing IBM's HA/CMP product
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

... when out doing marketing ... I had coined disaster survivability
(to differentiate from disaster recovery) and geographic survivability.
I had also been asked to write a section for the corporate continuous
availability strategy document ... however it got pulled when both
the rochester as/400 group and the POK mainframe group complained
that they couldn't (then) meet the requirements. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

trivia: this is reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference
room on cluster scaleup.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

two of the people mentioned in the meeting, later left Oracle and were
at small client/server startup responsible for something called
"commerce" server when we were brought in as consultants because they
wanted to do payment transactions on the server.

other triva: around turn of the century there was joint project between
m'soft and financial processing company to do online banking services
outsourcing. When it was figured out that NT wouldn't handle the load
and SUN servers would have to be used ... I got tagged to explain the
matter to Microsoft chairman. The day before I was scheduled to go in,
some of the business people decided that (instead) online load would be
managed to what could be handled by NT ... and then scaled up as NT was
enhanced to handle increasing load (so they wouldn't have to raise the
issue with the microsoft chairman).

posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#26 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#30 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#31 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#32 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#34 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#37 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#38 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TYMSHARE @ CHM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: TYMSHARE @ CHM
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 11 Nov 2017 10:23:44 -0800

TYMSHARE @ CHM
https://medium.com/chmcore/someone-elses-computer-the-prehistory-of-cloud-computing-bca25645f89

"There is no cloud," goes the quip. "It's just someone else's computer."

... snip ...

In Aug1976, TYMSHARE made its VM370/CMS based online computer
conferencing system "free" to IBM mainframe user group "SHARE" as
"VMSHARE" .... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

trivia: I made deal with TYMSHARE to get dumped tape copy of all the
VMSHARE files once a month for putting up on internal systems and the
internal network. The biggest problem I had was with IBM lawyers who
were concerned that IBM employees might be contaminated with information
about customers.

more trivia: TYMSHARE had developed their own mainframe operating system
that was more tailored to commercial online service bureau, GNOSIS.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS
when M/D bought TYMSHARE, I was brought in to do a GNOSIS evaluation as
part of spinning it off
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KeyKOS
and
http://www.cap-lore.com/Agorics/Library/KeyKos/Gnosis/keywelcome.html
http://cap-lore.com/CapTheory/upenn/Gnosis/Gnosis.html
some follow-on work
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extremely_Reliable_Operating_System
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CapROS

old VMSHARE related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
virtual machine based commercial online posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.misc
Date: Sat, 11 Nov 2017 12:03:20 -0800

Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:

And while it is true that PC "batch processing" is a different critter
than with mainframes, .BAT files could certainly be used for "user not
present". PC BBS systems typically involved dozens of single-threaded
programs controlled by long (many hundred lines of code) batch files
that glued everything together. Often the stock MS command.com was
replaced by 4DOS, which had more extensive logic controls and improved
utilities. In my area, one BBS sysop died, but it was several weeks
before online users noticed, because her BBS kept chugging right along
answering calls and sending/receiving mail.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#40 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

part of old thread from 20yrs ago ... involved running some operations
at small/client server started that wanted to do payment transactions
on their server ... shell script ran sort where filled disk which
didn't reflect error and eventually resulted in loss of data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#7 Why Do Mainframes Exist ???

in the commercial mainframe environment there is a lot of 7x24
procedural and automation infrastructure that has somewhat grown up thru
trial and error over the past 30 years ... only some of it represented
by hardware technology.

there is also a fundamental difference in a basicly "interactive"
environment design point (where default tends to be having a person
handle situations) and "batch" environment design point (where default
tends to be automated applications handling situations and the
corresponding instrumented infrastructure to support it).

a trivial example of infrastructure/design-point is what happens when a
sort program runs out of temp space ... current os/mvs (as well as
os/mft circa 1968) generates a specific error code for just about every
condition ... and frequently there is an automated infrastructure that
can handle each of the return codes and can take corrective/recovery
action.

for how many of the newer operating systems is it possible to create a
batch-procedure that based on sort utility return code ... recognize out
of space condition and take automated corrective action?

there are some number of current commercial situations where the cost of
a daily application failing once a year to not complete on schedule
exceeds the cost of the hardware. more common is where the delta people
costs that are involved in attempting to utilize an "interactive"
operating system for a "batch" environment exceeds the cost of the
hardware.

... snip ...

posts mentioning availability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available
posts mentioning assurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#assurance

also my pontification about internet isn't business criticl
dataprocessing (RFC Editor Postel, before he passed, used to let me help
with periodic STD1 also sponsored my talk on internet isn't business
critical dataprocessing at ISI & also invited USC computer graduate
students) and turning well designed & tested application can take 4-10
times the effort to turn into business critical "service".

past posts mentioning the 4-10 times effort to turn well designed/tested
application into business critical "service":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#75 Test and Set (TS) vs Compare and Swap (CS)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#91 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#93 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#11 Wanted: the SOUNDS of classic computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#62 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#15 A Dark Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#37 The BASIC Variations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#8 Mars Rover Not Responding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#48 Automating secure transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#20 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#49 "Perfect" or "Provable" security both crypto and non-crypto?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#23 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#63 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#64 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#40 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#42 Development as Configuration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#26 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#20 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#37 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#51 IBM to the PCM market(the sky is falling!!!the sky is falling!!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#10 The top 10 dead (or dying) computer skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#76 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#77 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#23 Outsourcing loosing steam?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#54 Industry Standard Time To Analyze A Line Of Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#53 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#41 IBM announced z10 ..why so fast...any problem on z 9
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#50 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#53 Why Is Less Than 99.9% Uptime Acceptable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#33 Mainframe Project management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#20 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#35 Builders V. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#48 How much knowledge should a software architect have regarding software security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#0 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#16 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#60 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#27 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#67 Somewhat off-topic: comp-arch.net cloned, possibly hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#44 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Why Not Pick All Three?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#31 DRAM is the new Bulk Core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#13 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#86 Economic Failures of HTTPS Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#117 Are we programmed to stop at the 'first' right answer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#146 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#27 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#23 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#18 progress in e-mail, such as AOL

other posts mentioning working with Postel:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#65 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#4 OODA in IT Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#11 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#14 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#70 Domain Name System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#75 11May1992 (25 years ago) press on cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#14 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#31 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 11 Nov 2017 13:19:54 -0800

hancock4 writes:

We did want to convert a process to output directly to a tape
for microfiche processing. Everyone said it'd be easy.  But in
DOS, there was no device independence.  I had to recompile the
programs to write to tape with control characters.  But once
done, the microfiche processor did all the rest--including 'knowing'
ran to eject to a fresh fiche and print indexing information at the
top of the card.  FWIW, I think we sent the tapes out to Burroughs
for processing.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#40 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

we sent output from vm370 system in bldg 28 (san jose research) over the
internal network to microfiche printer in bldg 26 (across the street on
san jose plant site) and got 24hr turn around (output returned to the
bldg. 28 datacenter printer output area)

home office circa 1977 with ibm tie-line, 300 baud cdi miniterm and
compact microfiche viewer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/miniterm.jpg
home miniterm

ref my wife was in JES group and one of the catchers for ASP, turning
into JES3.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#40 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

jes2/jes3 reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Job_Entry_Subsystem_2/3

JES3 Main Device Setup (MDS) has more control over data sets shared
between systems than JES2, and JES3 Dependent Job Control (DJC) has more
provisions for scheduling jobs with dependencies on each other than
JES2. With the widespread use of sophisticated job scheduling software,
DJC has become less important.

... snip ...

JES3
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Job_Entry_Subsystem_2/3#JES3

ASP evolved from the design of the 7094/7044 Direct Coupled System,
using data channel to data channel communication. By attaching an IBM
7044 as a peripheral processor throughput was more than doubled.

... snip ...

past home office with microfiche viewer refs/posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#38 Baudot code direct to computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#51 Baudot code direct to computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#30 Timeline: 40 years of OS milestones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#45 Netbooks: A terminal by any other name
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#75 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#34 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#16 Unbuffered glass TTYs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#21 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#101 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#3 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#42 Old Computing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Security Breach and Spilled Secrets Have Shaken the N.S.A. to Its Core

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Security Breach and Spilled Secrets Have Shaken the N.S.A. to Its Core
Date: 12 Nov 2017
Blog: Facebook

Security Breach and Spilled Secrets Have Shaken the N.S.A. to Its Core
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/12/us/nsa-shadow-brokers.html

spies like us (outsourcing 70% of the budget and over half the people
to "for profit" companies, cutting lots of corners to increase profit)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
helping accelerating the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (series of failures is more profit)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

and cyber dumb

Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/

cyber dumb posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#3 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#49 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#0 Deep State: Inside the Government Secrecy Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#32 The dark side of digital banking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#82 The NSA and Snowden: Securing the All-Seeing Eye
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#90 A Drone Could Be the Ultimate Dogfighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#18 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#25 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#31 The Designer Of The F-15 Explains Just How Stupid The F-35 Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#49 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#12 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#22 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#23 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#28 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#34 UN to Five Eyes nations: Your mass surveillance is breaking the law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#65 New Military Gear Doesn't Have to Cost a Fortune
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#102 A-10 Warthog No Longer Suitable for Middle East Combat, Air Force Leader Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#8 Super Cane's Computers run Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#32 Univac 90 series info posted on bitsavers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#43 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#45 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#76 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#6 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech  Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#11 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#55 Do we really?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#75 How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#9 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#34 The joy of simplicity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#75 American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#17 Cybercrime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#38 [BBC] US nuclear force 'still uses floppy disks'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#104 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#17 Why Large Companies Can't Innovate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#76 The F-35 Stealth Fighter Is Politically Unstoppable----Even Under President Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#86 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#51 Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#56 China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Debate Over Ken Burns Civil War Doc Continues Over Decades

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Debate Over Ken Burns Civil War Doc Continues Over Decades
Date: 12 Nov 2017
Blog: Facebook

Debate Over Ken Burns Civil War Doc Continues Over Decades
https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2017/11/04/arts/ap-us-ken-burns-civil-war.html

"Ken Burns always looks for varied voices and he always looks for
characters, and Shelby Foote was certainly a character," Holzer
says. "The most amazing thing he said was that the two great geniuses
of the war were Lincoln and (Confederate Gen.) Nathan Bedford Forrest."

... snip ...

Generals South, Generals North: The Commanders of the Civil War
Reconsidered
https://www.amazon.com/Generals-South-North-Commanders-Reconsidered-ebook/dp/B012A1WML6/

loc1837-39:

And the general Sherman most feared and hated, Nathan Bedford Forrest,
the man he called a "devil" and the commander he considered more
dangerous than any other in the South, had his own single-sentence
definition of war: "War means fighting, and fighting means killing."

... snip ...

past references to Generals South/North:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#45 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#92 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
Date: 12 Nov 2017
Blog: Facebook

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.ineteconomics.org/perspectives/blog/how-economists-turned-corporations-into-predators
How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html

Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a
controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best
operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of
channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great
products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as
taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel,
even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of
GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize
shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world." Why did Welch say
that?

... snip ...

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/

pg127/loc2480-82:

On the face of it, shareholder value is the dumbest idea in the
world. Shareholder value is a result, not a strategy… Your main
constituencies are your employees, your customers and your
products. —Jack Welch, 2009

... snip ...

Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970
to the Present
http://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I

pg199/loc3909-13:

GE Capital also enabled GE to manage its quarterly earnings, engaging
in the last couple of weeks of every calendar quarter in various
trades that could push earnings up on the last day or two before the
quarter's end. It was an open secret on Wall Street that this was how
Welch consistently kept quarterly earnings rising for years at a
time. "Though earnings management is a no-no among good governance
types," wrote two CNNMoney financial editors, "the company has never
denied doing it, and GE Capital is the perfect mechanism."

pg200/loc3925-30:

The CNNMoney writers got it slightly wrong. GE was not exactly like
the American economy. It was even more dependent on financial
services. In the early 2000s, GE was again riding a financial wave,
the subprime mortgage lending boom; it had even bought a subprime
mortgage broker. GE borrowed still more against equity to exploit the
remarkable opportunities, its triple-A rating giving it a major
competitive advantage. By 2008, the central weakness of the Welch
business strategy, its dependence on financial overspeculation, became
ominously clear. GE's profits plunged during the credit crisis and its
stock price fell by 60 percent. GE Capital, the main source of its
success for twenty-five years, now reported enormous losses

pg200/pg3935-41:

He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the
reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not
put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy
possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the
new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.

... snip ...

Why the "Maximizing Shareholder Value" Theory of Corporate Governance
is Bogus
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

One mantra you see regularly in the business and popular press goes
something along the lines of "the CEO and board have a fiduciary duty
to maximize shareholder value." That is untrue. Moreover, the
widespread acceptance of that false notion has done considerable harm.

If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of
corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a
stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of
things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And
there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty
of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific
obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those
responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in
particular.

... snip ...

"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
stock buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buybacks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment
Date: 13 Nov 2017
Blog: Facebook

America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment
http://warisboring.com/americas-over-hyped-strategic-bombing-experiment/

"Beetle: The Life of General Walter Bedell Smith" references the
problems on Omaha Beach, pg628/loc12403-5:

Although things went unpredictably well at Utah, the American assault
units on Omaha succeeded in carving out only a dangerously thin
beachhead by early evening. With their coastal fortifications
breached, the Germans methodically triggered their defense plans,
which chiefly meant shifting reserves from one sector to another.

pg628/loc12411-12:

Serious holes remained between the sectors, particularly on either
side of Omaha Beach.

... snip ...

"The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct" (no precision
strategic bombing), loc2582-85:

The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German
defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At
Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth
Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation
for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden
bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level
altitude sights.

... snip ...

GAO Desert Storm Air Power report has tactical air campaign (only last
100hrs were land war) so effective that Iraqis were walking away from
their tanks (as sitting ducks) ... the later land war tank battles
(with little or no coalition damage) doesn't mention whether the enemy
tanks had anybody home. Claim is that for Iraq2, enemy had learned
from Iraq1 to minimize exposure to US (tactical) air power.

Two-thirds of total US WW2 war spending went to air program. There
were voices claiming that 1943 US strategic bombing program could win
the war by itself (w/o having to invade Europe). They also insisted
that all the money go to heavy strategic bombers and that long-range
fighter escort wasn't needed. The British argued with them that the
Germans had learned that lesson in the battle for britain ... but the
US insisted on (re-)learning that lesson the hard way. As referenced
in the failure of Omaha beach bombing ... high altitude precision
bombing was a myth. There is some implication that lack of precision
bombing helps account for strategic bombing switching to fire bombing
cities (much harder to miss a whole city). McNamara was LeMay's staff
blanning firebombing Gerrman and Japanese cities. After the war, leaves
for auto industry but comes back as SECDEF for Vietnam where Laos
becomes the most bombed country in the year (more tonnage than Germany
and Japan combined).

MIC(C) past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts referencing Bedell Smith and/or European Campaign
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#84 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#85 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#60 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#61 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#62 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#64 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#120 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#77 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#80 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#117 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#64 Strategic Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#24 US Air Power
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#63 America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#34 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#55 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#61 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#77 Early use of word "computer", 1944
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#53 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#21 Norden bombsight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It
Date: 13 Nov 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#33 How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It

part of the online computer conferencing ... from IBMJARGON

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh
of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry
middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely
distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed
dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and
also constructively criticised the way products were are
developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious
interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try
reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

Datamation put a slightly different spin on it, Emmett, R. 1981, "VNET
or gripenet?" Datamation, Vol. 27, No. 12 (November), pp.48-58. Lots
of online citations but web search doesn't turn up copy. They garbled
it with the "gripenet" bit ... however, end of the article (pg58):

There is a rumor that Wheeler may leave IBM and join his former
colleagues on the outside as consultant. "Right now he's pure gold
whatever way you slice him up," says one source. "IBM needs him and
the outside companies would probably pay anything to get him."

However you look at this tug of war, it can only be good news for
IBM's VM users.  "An enormous shop window is opening for them." said
one observer. "And what they'll discover in that window is a very
powerful tool to control their own destinies--and not have IBM do it."

... snip ....

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
CMC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

old post includes intro to the summaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#39 Vnet : Unbelievable

recent posts mentioning "Tandem Memos"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#39 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#84 Hottest Editors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#97 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#105 The IBM 7094 and CTSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#33 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#51 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#55 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#67 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#94 AI Is Inventing Languages Humans Can't Understand. Should We Stop It?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#96 IBM Another Disappointment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#7 Tandem Memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#29 Google Employee's Anti-Diversity Manifesto Goes 'Internally Viral'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#36 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 17:02:50 -0800

hancock4 writes:

Some of early the large computers had independent paths so that cards
could be loaded directly to tape "offline" without involving
the CPU.  Likewise, output could be printed from tape without
the CPU.

The IBM 1401, a popular small computer, was used both as a feeder to
large machines like the 7090, and as a freestanding machine in
small shops.

As to pre-computer tabulating machines, were units of work on
them called "Jobs"?

machine shops
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machine_shop
19th century
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machine_shop#19th_century

The rise of machine shops and their specific manufacturing and
organizational problems triggered the early job shop management
pioneers, whose theories became known with as scientific management.

Job Shop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Job_shop

even pre-360 computer ... might have job slips that includes tapes
(and/or disks) that needed to be mounted as part of execution ... an/or
special printer forms (akin to machine shop job setup).

then increasing amount of job slip setup moved to JCL. post mentioning
JCL, job scheduling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#37 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

post mentioning precursor to (360) JES3/ASP ... precursor was 7094/7044
direct couple system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#43 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

my first student data processing job was to rewrite 1401 MPIO for
360/30.  The univ. had 709/1401 with 1401 doing tape<->printer/unit
record frontend with manual moving tapes between 709 & 1401. The 1401
was replaced with 360/30 as part of transition from 709/1401 to 360/67
and TSS/360. TSS/360 never quite made production quality so the 360/67
was used (mostly) as 360/65 running os/360.

some recent 709/1401/MPIO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#50 Univ. 709
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#36 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#20 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#49 System/360--detailed engineering description (AFIPS 1964)

some drift, (also) as undergraduate in the 60s, I rewrote (virtual
machine) CP67 scheduling ("dynamic adaptive resource management", as
well as lots of other parts of CP67) ... some past scheduling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

in the product morph of cp67 to vm370, lots of features from cp67 were
dropped and/or simplified. old email about moving lots of stuff from
cp67 to vm370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

this was during the Future System period which was going to completely
replace 370 with something differrent ... and internal politics were
shutting down 370 efforts (also blameed for clone 370 processor makers
getting market foothold). During the period I would periodically
ridicule what they were doing (which wasn't exactly career enhancing
activity). some futuresys posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

in the wake of future system failure there was mad rush to get stuff
back into 370 product pipelines. This included kicking off 3033 & 3081
(370/xa) efforts in parallel ... a reference:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

23june1969 unbundling announcement started to charge for SE services,
maintenance, software, etc (but they managed to make the case that
kernel/system software should still be free). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

After the failure of FS (and the rise of clone processors), there was
decision to starting to charge for system software. This was incremental
as parts of new software was added to existing kernel software ... until
all kernel software was free. The initial guinea pig was my resource
manager ... reintroduced as separate priced product addon.

other posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#26 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#30 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#31 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#32 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#34 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#38 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#40 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#42 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 16 Nov 2017 09:08:25 -0800

Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:

Some plants respond to day length by starting to flower when the
days shorten, when grown under artificial light flowering can often be
induced or postponed indefinitely by adjusting the 'day' length.

i remember reading article some 50yrs ago about calculating apple
blossom festival ... it was approx some number of day*degrees above
something like 40 degrees. past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#89 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#91 360 programs on a z/10

the ref in above post gone 404 ... but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20050402185119/http://www.ncw.wsu.edu/treefruit/blomdeg5.html

The 1922 to present "official" bloom date site is the WSU Tree Fruit
Research and Extension Center in Wenatchee. Red Delicious trees here
have a historical average bloom date of April 29, 3 - 4 days later than
at the early sites near Wenatchee, and about 7 days earlier than apples
at the Airport. Bloom seems to be occuring ever-earlier over the past 15
years.

... snip ...

found current web page
http://treefruit.wsu.edu/news/full-bloom-dates-for-red-delicious-apples/

Daily high temperatures are used to predict bloom based on degree days
(DD) above 43degrees. As of April 27, Bloom DD in Wenatchee (TFREC)
were 778 DD and 902 DD in Mattawa which predict first pink and full
pink. Actual maturity is first bloom in Wenatchee on the TFREC sentinel
trees.  920 DD predict full bloom. This is significantly later than 2016
where Wenatchee was already at full bloom April 9. However, this is only
slightly behind the long term average with full bloom at April 27 in
Wenatchee. As always look at the trees. Models are never perfect.

... snip ...

other articles reference variation because of micro-climates in
Wenatchee valley.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 1403 Printer Characters

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM 1403 Printer Characters
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 16 Nov 2017 09:26:19 -0800

Charles Richmond <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:

Can anyone post links to web pages... that have a large amount of
sample printouts from an IBM 1403 printer???  I have googled this
subject with little success.

I am interested in the sans serif monospaced font that seems to be the
original 1403 font.  I had access at university to a 1403 printer but
was *not* prescient enough to save printouts...

also see all the cp67 documentation at bitsavers
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/cms/
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/cms/GY20-0591-1_CMS_PLM_Oct71.pdf
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/cp67/
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/cp67/GH20-0856-0_CP-67_Operators_Guide_Oct70.pdf
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/cp67/GH20-0859-0_CP67_Version_3_Users_Guide_Oct70.pdf

the above have some of the IBM pages non-1403 ... but just about
all the rest are 1403.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Einhorn: "None Of The Problems From The Financial Crisis Have Been Solved"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Einhorn: "None Of The Problems From The Financial Crisis Have Been Solved"
Date: 16 Nov 2017
Blog: Facebook

Einhorn: "None Of The Problems From The Financial Crisis Have Been Solved"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-11-16/einhorn-none-problems-financial-crisis-have-been-solved

Ah yes, the Fed-funded "deflation trade" which lowers prices for goods
and services courtesy of ravenous investors who will throw money at
any "growth" idea, without considerations for return or profit,
because - well - more such investors will emerge tomorrow.  After
all, in this day and age of ZIRP, what else will they do with their
money.

... snip ...

last year this date

Fed's Kashkari Releases Plan To End Too Big To Fail, Compares
Banks To Terrorists
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-11-16/feds-kashkari-releases-plan-end-too-big-fail-compares-banks-terrorists

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zip
Too Big To Fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 1403 Printer Characters

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM 1403 Printer Characters
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 16 Nov 2017 13:35:47 -0800

hancock4 writes:

On Thursday, November 16, 2017 at 12:26:22 PM UTC-5, Anne & Lynn Wheeler wrote:
Charles Richmond  writes:
Can anyone post links to web pages... that have a large amount of
sample printouts from an IBM 1403 printer???  I have googled this
subject with little success.

I am interested in the sans serif monospaced font that seems to be the
original 1403 font.  I had access at university to a 1403 printer but
was *not* prescient enough to save printouts...

also see all the cp67 documentation at bitsavers
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/cms/

In the above, on page 350, the listing looks very high
quality, too good for a 1403 (the letters are well spaced).
Could that have been printed on a 407?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#51 IBM 1403 Printer Characters

big difference with printed output of ADT macro ... file pg227 (document
pg216). Finished printing would use TN train/chain with high quality
"film" ribbon (letter edges were crisper). The macro output looks like
standard upper case only train/chain with standard fabric ribbon.

mentions (fabric) ribbons repeatedly reused
http://ibm-1401.info/1403Ribbons.html
film ribbons one time use
http://ibm-1401.info/1403Ribbons.html#FilmRibbons

quicky search web references on 1403 font
http://ibm-1401.info/1403Fonts.html
https://slantedhall.com/fonts/1403

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Testing Progressives, Centrist Dems Team Up with GOP to Deregulate Banks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Testing Progressives, Centrist Dems Team Up with GOP to Deregulate Banks
Date: 17 Nov 2017
Blog: Facebook

Testing Progressives, Centrist Dems Team Up with GOP to Deregulate
Banks
http://prospect.org/article/testing-progressives-centrist-dems-team-gop-deregulate-banks

On Monday, news broke that Senate Banking Committee Chair Mike Crapo
had struck a deal with a cadre of Wall Street friendly Senate
Democrats to roll back regulations, including key parts of Dodd-Frank,
on a large segment of the banking industry under the guise of
providing new consumer protections and relief for struggling community
banks.

... snip ...

A Week After Virginia Election Sweep, Democrats Join Republicans for
More Bank Deregulation
https://theintercept.com/2017/11/14/bank-deregulation-bipartisan-senate-equifax/
The Senate Is Getting Ready to Erode Obama's Landmark Wall Street Law
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2017/11/the-senate-is-getting-ready-to-erode-obamas-landmark-wall-street-law/
Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
https://www.publicintegrity.org/2017/02/01/20645/trump-wall-street-and-banking-caucus-ready-rip-apart-dodd-frank
Trump Begins Assault on Dodd-Frank Financial Regulations
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/03/business/dealbook/trump-congress-financial-regulations.html

It became clear (to me) in the spring of 2009 that congress had no
intention of doing anything substantive about wall street. January,
2009 I was asked to HTMLize(/web pages) the Pecora Hearings (30s
congressional hearings into '29 crash, resulted in Glass-Steagall and
criminal convictions with jailtime) with lots of internal HREFs and
URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments
that the new congress might have the appetite to do something). I work
on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all
(references to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying
capital hill).

Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

there is: "Confidence Men" pg430:

But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and
Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted
the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's
efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully
-- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything
settled down.

... and "Age of Greed" pg370:

In addition, the Justice Department was now investigating reduced rate
mortgages Mozilo allegedly sold to Senators Chris Dodd of Connecticut
and Kent Conrad of North Dakota, as well as two former heads of Fannie
Mae, Jim Johnson and Franklin Raines. They were known as "Friends of
Angelo."

... snip ...

Angelo, #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic
mess/financial crises
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

How Wall Street Killed Financial Reform; It's bad enough that the
banks strangled the Dodd-Frank law. Even worse is the way they did it
- with a big assist from Congress and the White House
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/how-wall-street-killed-financial-reform-20120510
How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank; Battalions of regulatory lawyers
burrowed deep in the federal bureaucracy to foil reform.
http://www.thenation.com/article/174113/how-wall-street-defanged-dodd-frank
Josh Rosner on How Dodd Frank Institutionalizes Too Big to Fail
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/05/josh-rosner-on-how-dodd-frank-institutionalizes-too-big-to-fail.html

Rosner focuses on Articles I and II of Dodd Frank and describes how
their plans to deal with resolving large firms has only made matters
worse. It' s key to understand that these two sections are somewhat at
odds with each other. Dodd Frank peculiarly provides for two ways to
wind up systemically important firms. Title I says they should prepare
for bankruptcy. They need to clean up how they are organized and make
sure activities fit or can be mapped into legal entities and prepare
living wills, which are plans for how they would wind themselves
up. But confusingly, banks can also be "resolved" which is more like
"rescued with a little pain inflicted on investors" under Title
II. Title II provides for a second way to deal with stressed financial
firms, which includes having the government provide what amounts to
debtor-in-possession financing while the bank is restructured. This,
sports fans, is what is otherwise known as a bailout.

... snip ...

Are Treasury and the Fed at Odds Over Big Banks? Treasury Secretary
Lew keeps hands off as Wall Street giants grow larger.
http://www.nationaljournal.com/politics/are-treasury-and-the-fed-at-odds-over-big-banks-20130524

But at his 2010 Senate confirmation hearing to become head of Office
of Management and Budget, Lew also indicated that he didn't consider
the deregulation of Wall Street to be a "proximate" cause of the
financial crisis --an answer that put him at odds with his boss, who
declared as a presidential candidate in 2008: "It's because of
deregulation that Wall Street was able to engage in the kind of
irresponsible actions that have caused this financial crisis."

... snip ...

Gretchen Morgenson on Why Banks Are Still Too Big To Fail
http://billmoyers.com/segment/gretchen-morgenson-on-why-banks-are-still-too-big-to-fail/

Dodd-Frank set up a system to unwind troubled institutions when they
become troubled. But it requires regulators taking a really firm stand
against large, politically-interconnected, and powerful companies
... I just think it's too easy to put the taxpayer on the hook and
bail these people out

... snip ..

Deja Vu on the Hill: Wall Street Lobbyists Roll Back Finance Reform,
Again
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/deja-vu-on-the-hill-wall-street-lobbyists-roll-back-finance-reform-again-20130521
Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
Banks' Lobbyists Help in Drafting Financial Bills
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/
Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html

some of the ploys involved in Dodd-Frank, email was uncovered that
wallstreet lobbyists were providing provisions to be included in the
Dodd-Frank draft. In some cases, they were blatant ridiculous, the
added provisions would leak and then the same lobbyists would ridicule
the provisions as part of discrediting the process. In other cases the
provided provisions were enormously complex or fatally flawed,
guaranteeing that it would take years attempting (or impossible) to
come up with regulations. Part of the facade for letting wallstreet
write provisions was that they were the only ones that understood
their complex financial operations.

"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(Triple-A rated) toxic CDOs posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 17 Nov 2017 11:07:49 -0800

Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:

And I once worked on some mortgage code where there was mention of
some U.S. banks basing their calculations on a 360-day year.


there was internal discussion group from the early 80s discussing
Y2K ... one of the people that worked on shuttle program posted
... mentions shuttle had 400 day year, previouly posted copies
(usually in y2k threads)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#email841207
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#email841207
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#email841207
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#email841207
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#email841207
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#email841207
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#email841207

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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