List of Archived Posts

2016 Newsgroup Postings (08/22 - 09/17)

IBM is Absolutely Down For The Count
Frieden calculator
IBM DASD RAS discussion
E.R. Burroughs
E.R. Burroughs
More IBM DASD RAS discussion
More IBM DASD RAS discussion
More IBM DASD RAS discussion
IBM email
IBM email
Boyd OODA-loop Innovation
Frieden calculator
Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable
Bullying
New words, language, metaphor
How Veterans Are Losing the War at Home
The EpiPen Scandal Is Worse Than You Think: What You're Not Being Told
UBS whistleblower exposes 'political prostitution' all the way up to President Obama
Bullying
And it's gone --The true cost of interruptions
Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable
US and UK have staged coups before
US and UK have staged coups before
Frieden calculator
Frieden calculator
Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
British socialism / anti-trust
British socialism / anti-trust
Revival of pessimistic locking
Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
Revival of pessimistic locking
Revival of pessimistic locking
z/OS Operating System size
Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
The chip card transition in the US has been a disaster
Deutsche Bank and a $10Bn Money Laundering Nightmare: More Context Than You Can Shake a Stick at
z/OS Operating System size
Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
British socialism / anti-trust
what is 3380 E?
Misc. Success of Failure
Misc. Success of Failure
Computers
1970--a family gets a home computer
1970--a family gets a home computer
OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
1970--a family gets a home computer
British socialism / anti-trust
Report: Nearly $5 Trillion Spent on Iraq and Afghanistan Wars So Far
old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
U.S. Big Banks: A Culture of Crime
Breaking: ICIJ and media partners reveal details of latest offshore leak
U.S. Big Banks: A Culture of Crime
Congress, most corrupt institution on earth
"One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
Oldest computer in the US government
Funny error messages
Funny error messages
Funny error messages
Funny error messages
remote system support (i.e. the data center is 2 states away from you)
Missile Defense
Strategic Bombing
old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
Funny error messages
Strategic Bombing
IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
Security Design: Stop Trying to Fix the User
Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground
Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground
IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
GLBA & Glass-Steagall
Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
GLBA & Glass-Steagall
GLBA & Glass-Steagall
GLBA & Glass-Steagall
The baby boomers' monumental quagmire in Iraq
At Booz Allen, a Vast U.S. Spy Operation, Run for Private Profit
IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman
We Use Words to Talk. Why Do We Need Them to Think?
3033
3033
Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
Iceland finds all guilty in banker market-abuse case
ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
The Internet started in the US, then it was privatized
D.C. Hivemind Mulls How Clinton Can Pass Huge Corporate Tax Cut
Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
Airlines Reservation Systems

IBM is Absolutely Down For The Count

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM is Absolutely Down For The Count
Date: 23 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#129 IBM is Absolutely Down For The Count

Top 25 Corporate Pension Plans Alone Are Underfunded By Over $225 Billion
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-08-22/top-25-underfunded-corporate-pension-plans-are-225bn-underwater
Per the table below, S&P 500 corporate pensions went from being fully funded in 2007, in aggregate, to $375BN underfunded in just 8 years. The primary problem, of course, is the Fed's low interest rate policies which are crushing both sides of the pension equation. Pension assets have basically stagnated since 2007, up less than 10%, as pensions struggle to "find yield."

... snip ...

It quickly gets more complicated. 1999 I'm asked to help prevent the coming economic mess. Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Worth area that turned out to be empty lots).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

I'm to improve the integrity of mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. They then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A rating when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A (from testimony in Oct2008 congressional hearings). Triple-A trumps supporting documents enabling no-doc liar loans (with no documentation there no longer is issue of documentation integrity). Triple-A also enables selling to institutions restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large public & private pension funds, claims accounts for 30% loss) and largely responsible for doing over $27T from 2001-2008. posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

End of 2008, just the four largest Too Big To Fail are holding $5.2T in offbook toxic assets. TARP is justified for buying these toxic assets, but with only $700B appropriated, it wouldn't make a dent in the problem ... so TARP is used for other purposes (which may have been the objective all along). Federal Reserve fights a long protracted legal battle to prevent public discloser of what it is doing behind the scenes. When it looses the battle, the chairman holds a press conference and says that he expected the TBTF to use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds). Note that the chairman had been chosen in part because having been a depression scholar. However the FED had tried something similar during the depression with the same results, so the chairman should have had no expectations of anything different this time. The FED is buying TBTF offbook toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar (which had been selling in Aug2008 at 22cents on the dollar) and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds (which TBTF are using to buy treasuries and making $300B/annum on the spread). Because TBTF are getting tens of trillions in ZIRP funds, they have no incentive to pay interest to attract deposits (which is major pt of article on underfunded pension). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Other trivia: Jan2009 I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous mountains of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

From the law of unintended consequences, so far the largest fines on TBTF (for the economic mess) are for the robo-signing mills fabricating documents (for the no-documentation liar loans). Disclaimer: I was tangentially involved in MERS (trying to make mortgage documents electronic). The Mortgage Bankers Association had sponsored a meeting at their hdqtrs in Wash Dc for X9 Financial Standards group on electronic documents. As an aside, CBS 60mins did a segment on the organization when they were having lots of TV spots telling people to not walk away from their underwater mortgages ... and found that they had walked away from their mortgage on their new hdqtrs bldg (across the park from the World Bank and IMF).

Public Education
http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Politics/thomasjefferson/jeff1350.htm
"I know no safe depositary of the ultimate powers of the society but the people themselves; and if we think them not enlightened enough to exercise their control with a wholesome discretion, the remedy is not to take it from them, but to inform their discretion by education. This is the true corrective of abuses of constitutional power." --Thomas Jefferson to William C. Jarvis, 1820. ME 15:278

... snip ...

I was blamed for online computer communication (precursor to social media) on the internal network (larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer communication (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. From IBMJARGON:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

past posts.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Frieden calculator

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Frieden calculator
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 23 Aug 2016 11:32:06 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Unix in the Mid 70's. VMS in the late 70's. That's four decades.

And of course, it doesn't apply to block-mode terminals which handle keystrokes without the involvment of the host.


IBM mainframe terminals needed cconnectivity to mainframe ... even tho software wasn't interrupted/involved until enter was hit ... predates block mode terminals ... goes back to 2741 terminals also. even applies to TTY which could be run half-duplex mode ... rather than having host "echo" characters back to terminal.

one of the problems with block mode terminals was sort of psuedo half-duplex .... the system could write to the screen and if you were typing ... it would lockup the keyboard ... and then human would have to interrupt and hit reset to recover and continue typing. one of the reasons that they described them as *NOT* for interactive ... but for data entry.

it was possible to hack 3272/3277 ... unplug the keyboard from the display head, plug in a FIFO character box into the display head and plug in the keyboard into the FIFO box ... which would hold any typed characters if the screen was being written and system wasn't ready to accept characters. This hack disappeared in transition to 3274/3278 when they moved a lot of the electronics out of the display back into the (shared 3274) controller (which also significantly increased the protocol chatter over the 3274<->3278 coax cable) to reduce terminal manufacturing costs. 3272/3277 had .086 sec hardware response, 3274/3278 had .3 to .5+ sec hardware response (added to system response, giving response seen by human).

The significant increase in coax protocol chatter also shows up later with IBM/PC 3270 emulation .... 3277 adapter card had 3 times the upload/download speed of 3278 adapter card.

some recent posts on 3272 and 3274
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#41 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#23 Three Reasons the Mainframe is in Trouble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#106 TSO Test does not support 65-bit debugging?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#38 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#15 Dilbert ... oh, you must work for IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#8 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#42 Old Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#104 Is it a lost cause?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM DASD RAS discussion

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM DASD RAS discussion
Date: 23 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
3380 reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#email820917
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#130

posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs. 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

referenced they roped me in to taking part in conference calls with POK channel engineers ... because so many senior people from DASD development (that were familiar with channel operation) had departed. One of the departed people (with Shugart for Memorex) was Lee who had worked with Shugart on 2321 datacell development (among other things).
http://ethw.org/Creating_Magnetic_Disk_Storage_at_IBM

Lee departs Memorex with Britton and forms Britton-Lee which produced DBMS DASD subsystems and had Epstein (from Berkeley) as CTO. They sold a lot of boxes into the government market (possibly connected to CP67 and then VM370 systems). Epstein then leaves for short stint at Teradata ... and Britton & Lee were attempting to recruit people from San Jose to backfill Epstein with meetings after work across the street from plant site. Person that did go, tried to get me to go with him. Epstein then went on to form SYBASE (at one point SYBASE licenses their RDBMS to Microsoft for what becomes SQL Server).

Fujitsu story is probably Eagle ... old post references an 88 SIGMOD paper from the Berkeley RAID people comparing SLED to 3380 and Eagle
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/2004d.html#30

And for something different ... post with old 1987 email about person in IBM responsible for IBM 801/RISC (and many other things) has idea for read/write 16 tracks in parallel and wants me to go with him to top executives to present idea:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#30

problem is that would be data transfer of 48mbytes/sec ... and mainframe I/O channels were only running 3mbytes/sec. Not long after the referenced email, I would be asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they had, which quickly becomes the fibre channel standard ... initially running at 1gbit/second concurrent in both directions (easily handling more than 100mbytes/sec, over 200mbytes/sec aggregate) ... again not possible with IBM mainframe.

Disclaimer: 1980, STL is bursting at the seams and they are moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with remote access back into the STL datacenter. The people had tried remote 3270 but find the human factors horrible, especially compared to channel attached 3270 response they were use to. I get roped into doing channel extension support ... so they can have local channel attached 3270 (and other channel attached controllers) at remote site (some slight of hand with downloading channel programs to channel emulator at remote site went a long way to masking the protocol latency chatter so people at remote site didn't notice the difference).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extension

The hardware vendor then tries to get IBM let them ship my software support to customers. There is a group that is playing with some serial stuff in POK and they object (because they are concerned if it is in the market, it would make it more difficult for them to release their stuff). They finally get their stuff released a decade later (when it is obsolete) as ESCON with the ES/9000.

Then some POK engineers become involved in fibre channel standard and defined a protocol layer that drastically reduces the native throughput ... that is eventually released as FICON. A few years ago, there is a TCW enhancement to FICON protocol that partially does what I had done in 1980 for the channel extension work and was included in the original 1988 standards work for fibre channel standard.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

E.R. Burroughs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: E.R. Burroughs
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 23 Aug 2016 17:04:07 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Crime rates are down due to tough laws. Activists want to repeal or lessen such laws.

freakonomics has analysis that country was expecting big uptic in crime in the first part of 90s .... and there were all sort of "war on drug" laws to head it off ... but it didn't materialize ... not because of the "war on drug" laws but because there had been high correlation between unwanted children and crime ... and there was big drop in expected number of unwanted children. past posts mentioning freakonomics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#55 ANN: Microsoft goes Open Source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#88 NASA proves once again that, for it, the impossible is not even difficult
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#30 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#57 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#12 The Secret Consensus Among Economists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#46 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#74 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#27 OT: efforts to repeal strict public safety laws

there are more recent articles that US now has the highest incarceration rate in the world, "war on drugs" producing huge number of non-violent offenders for workers in the "for-profit" prison systems ... recent news is that FEDs are pulling all federal inmates out of "for-profit" prisons. past posts mentioning US "for-profit" prison system.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#82 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#10 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#85 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#27 OT: efforts to repeal strict public safety laws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#4 Decimal point character and billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#70 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#39 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#89 Qbasic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

E.R. Burroughs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: E.R. Burroughs
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 23 Aug 2016 17:16:57 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#3 E.R. Burroughs

On private federal prisons, a victory for independent journalism
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/on-private-federal-prisons-a-victory-for-independent-journalism/2016/08/23/ef0e43b2-688e-11e6-99bf-f0cf3a6449a6_story.html
Federal private prisons are a small part of the prison-industrial complex, because most private prisons are at the state and local level. But the Justice Department's announcement may mark the beginning of the end of what has been a miserable failure of privatization. The stock prices of the two leading private prison companies -- the Corrections Corporation of America and the Geo Group -- cratered on the news.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More IBM DASD RAS discussion

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More IBM DASD RAS discussion
Date: 23 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#2

In the recent DASD thread, I mention doing channel extension support ... and POK block vendor from being able to ship it to customers ... however, the vendor then recreated my support from scratch. One of the things I had done ... is if I my error retries weren't successful ... then I would simulate a channel check CSW stored error interrupt.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extension

Role forward to 3090 ... 3090s had been in customer accounts for a year and the 3090 product administrator contacts me. The 3090 channels had been designed to have no more than 3-5 total channel checks across all customers in a year period ... but EREP had recorded 15 ... and IBM had determined that the extra ten were due to the simulator CC from customer installed channel extensions. The issue was critical since there was an industry operation that collected customer EREP information, anonymized it and reported it in various ways .... including comparing IBM processors to various vendor clone processors (and the extra ten errors ... total across all customer installed 3090s for a year ... were making 3090 look bad). I did some amount of research and determined reflecting IFCC (instead of CC) would result in effectively same operating system software error recovery (and get 3090 channels off the hot seat).

A couple years before Jim Gray disappeared ... Jim and I were keynote speakers at a NASA dependable computing conference ... and I told the 3090 story and asked how many system vendors collected all error statistics for all customers and publicly reported them.

Note one of the transitions to from (real) CKD to FBA ... was fixed-block records with predictable error correcting information. CKD DASD from 60s had made some trade-offs between outboard processing and use of channel resources. By the mid-70s that trade-off had inverted ... but MVS was tightly tied to CKD features and unable to support FBA (I offered provide fully functional and tested MVS FBA support and was rejected). As a result, san jose eventually had to come out with 3375 (which was CKD emulation running on 3370 FBA). 3380 had (small) fixed block sizes ... which can be seen in records/track calculations where it is necessary to round record size up to multiples of the fixed record size. Real CKD haven't been manufactured for decades ... being simulated on industry standard FBA disks for z/OS. Industry standard has been moving from 512-byte fixed block size to 4096-byte fixed block size ... in part because of more efficient error correcting.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

Early 90s, I had coined the terms disaster survivability and geographic survivability when out marketing our HA/CMP product. I was then asked to write a section for the corporate strategic continuous availability document. It got pulled when both Rochester (AS/400) and POK (mainframe) complained that they couldn't meet the requirements.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More IBM DASD RAS discussion

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More IBM DASD RAS discussion
Date: 23 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#5

When I first transferred to SJR, they let me wander the San Jose plant site. Bldg14 engineering had a number of 370 processors doing pre-scheduled (7x24) stand-alone engineering testing. At one point they had tried running the processors with MVS ... but MVS had 15min MTBF in that environment. I offered to rewrite the I/O supervisor so it was bullet-proof and never fail ... enabling on-demand concurrent testing significantly improving productivity. Unfortunately I wrote an internal-only report and happen to make reference to the MVS 15min MTBF ... bringing the wrath of the POK MVS group down on my head. It turns out that they couldn't get me terminated ... but they made some other things unpleasant. posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer in bldg 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More IBM DASD RAS discussion

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More IBM DASD RAS discussion
Date: 23 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#5
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#6

IBM had FE service paradigm that service could do boot strap process starting with scoping for failed component. With 3081 and TCMs ... it was no longer possible to scope for failed component ... so service processor was introduced with service processor having extensive probes into TCMs for diagnostics. The service processor was primitive UC that required an enormous amount of roll-you-own just to do the simplest thing.

The decision for 3090 was to go with 4331 service processor running a customized version of VM370 release6 ... and I got sucked into that several times. Eventually it was decided to replace the 4331 with a pair of (redundant) 4361s as the "3092" service processor. Even when the 3090 customer was pure MVS and CKD DASD only ... 3090 order still required two 3370 FBA disks (for the two "3092", 4361 VM370 systems).

Not long after leaving IBM, we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, the startup had invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

I was mainly responsible for the server to payment gateway operation ... with an "SSL" connection over the internet to the payment gateway. The initial prototype test had straight forward server application code to payment gateway at operation where they had requirement for 1st level problem determination of 5minutes ... but the (pilot) 1st trouble call was closed as NTF after 3hrs. What I then had to do to make mission critical service out of straightline application ... was ten times more than the initial application.

past posts mentioning mission critical service required 4-10 effort of straight line application:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#62 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#48 Automating secure transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#49 "Perfect" or "Provable" security both crypto and non-crypto?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#20 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#37 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#77 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#23 Outsourcing loosing steam?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#54 Industry Standard Time To Analyze A Line Of Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#41 IBM announced z10 ..why so fast...any problem on z 9
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#50 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#35 Builders V. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#0 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#27 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#67 Somewhat off-topic: comp-arch.net cloned, possibly hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#44 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Why Not Pick All Three?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#13 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#25 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#86 Economic Failures of HTTPS Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#146 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#20 Living With Fog and Friction: The Fallacy of Information Superiority

past posts mentioning 3092 service processor:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#37 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#10 Different Implementations of VLIW
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#56 TOPS-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#22 Evil weather
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#50 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#32 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#34 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#38 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#71 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#62 3090 ... announce 12Feb85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#31 TCP/IP Available on MVS When?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#42 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#68 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#13 Last card reader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#21 Supervisory Processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#58 Why can't the track format be changed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#23 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#38 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#63 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#53 Image if someone built a general-menu-system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#76 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#23 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#83 How smart do you need to be to be really good with Assembler?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#0 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#8 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#68 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#25 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#30 April 1st RFCs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#33 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#27 Getting at the original command name/line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#32 Getting at the original command name/line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#91 rebuild 1403 printer chain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#30 GUI vs 3270 Re: MVS Quick Reference, was: LookAT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#31 Hardware failures (was Re: Scary Sysprogs ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#14 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#21 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#34 Special characters for Passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#43 April 1 RFC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#105 DOS descendant still lives was Re: slight reprieve on the z

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM email

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM email
Date: 24 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
PROFS group picked up a lot of internal applications, including a early source version of VMSG for the email client. When VMSG author attempted to offer the PROFS group a much improved version, they attempted to get him terminated (having taken credit for everything in PROFS). They whole thing quieted down when the VMSG showed that every PROFS mail in the world had his initials in non-displayed field (VMSG author then limited source distribution to me and one other person). Old email that VMSG author started adding ITPS support after YKT did a gateway between the internal network and ITPS.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#email791206

3270 terminal orders were part of fall plan and required VP sign-off. We did business justification that monthly amortized cost of 3270 terminal was less than business phone on desk (which was done as matter of course). Then there was period when there was rapidly spreading rumor that some senior execs were using email ... and all of a sudden nearly the entire internal yearly order of 3270s disappeared onto middle management desks. They didn't actually used them (left for their assistance) ... but was status symbol that turned on in the morning and spent all day burning the vm370 logo onto the screen (or in some rare cases they had assistant log it on, and spent the day burning the PROFS logo into the screen). This status symbol effect continued for many generations ... middle management preempting PS2/486 with large screens for their desk status symbol (screensavers possibly keeping its lack of actual use obfuscated).

Before that we had extensive discussions at after work fridays about magic bullet to get executives using computers (so they understood a little about the company). At one point Jim Gray and I decided on doing the internal online telephone books ... with a qualifier ... neither of us would spend more than 40hrs designing, implementing software, collecting and formating data and deploying the whole infrastructure (somebody later told us that corporate had once looked at the possibility and projected a department of 20people with $5m budget).

One of my hobbies was providing enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... including the internal online sales&marketing support HONE system from just about the beginning. When EMEA hdqtrs moved from US to Paris ... involved the first HONE clone outside the US ... and I was asked to go over for the install. One of the hardest problems was figuring out how to access my email back in the states.

some internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internal
some HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

from long ago and far away:

**********************  IBM Internal Use Only  ************************
• :nick.REMAIL
• :sec.IBM Internal Use Only
• :title.REMAIL - trivial exec for VM/822 mail forwarding
• :version.1
• :date.87/09/28
• :scp.VM/SP.3 ONWARDS
• :oname.Lynn Wheeler
• :onode.AUSVMC
• :ouser.WHEELER
• :aname.Lynn Wheeler
• :anode.AUSVMC
• :auser.WHEELER
• :lang.REXX
• :abs.REMAIL will process all spooled reader mail, convert it to
• 822 mail format and forward it to the specified TCP/SMTP mail
• gateway for sending to the specified tcp/ip node. If the VM/TCP/IP
• SMTP mail gateway is installed, REMAIL can be used to forward
• all VM mail to your RT.
• :kwd.MAIL TCP/IP SMTP 822
• :sw.
• :doc.REMAIL MEMO
• :support.N
*********************************************************************  **
*
&1 &2 REMAIL   EXEC         * Process spool reader files
&1 &2 REMAIL   XEDIT        * Reformat cms mail to 822 format
*
 &1 &2 DISCRDR  EXEC         * Toy exec that activates REMAIL
&1 &2 XROSSCAL EXEC         * Toy exec for generating PROFS cal. req.
•                            *
&1 &2 REMAIL   MEMO         * Brief documentation


--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM email

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM email
Date: 25 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#8 IBM email

Some of the internal network technology was used in the corporate sponsored univ. network BITNET (which was also larger than arpanet/internet for some time)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

In europe, it was referred to as EARN ... old email from person responsible for EARN asking about online applications.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

I was blamed for online computer communication (precursor to social media) on the internal network (larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer communication (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. From IBMJARGON:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

In the wake of "Tandem Memos" there were lots of corporate efforts for online computer communication, including developing officially sanctioned discussion groups and tools. For the corporate sponsored university network, "LISTSERV" mailing list discussion group software was developed in Paris in the 80s.
http://www.lsoft.com/products/listserv-history.asp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Boyd OODA-loop Innovation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Boyd OODA-loop Innovation
Date: 25 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
earlier piece

Elements of Military Art and Science by H. W. Halleck, 1846
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/16170

log5019-20:
A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.

... snip ...

however, Boyd would refer to all of OODA-loop going on concurrently ... and need to constantly observe from every possible facet (as countermeasure to orientation bias).

Truly revolution ideas are difficult to get across to audience ... it pretty nearly has to within the framework and words that the audience is familiar with. I did find that Boyd could be tiring one-on-one alone ... where he might have two (or more) different threads concurrently ... and before commenting had to figure out which thread it was ... almost like a game. I never really figured out whether there was a meta objective with the multiple threads. I've known a couple other people that liked to do something similar.

aka OODA-loop which was relatively minor step to concurrent simultaneously ... still has been frequently interpreted as sequentially, step-by-step. Dataprocessing multi-core chips has had something similar ... there is folklore from decade ago, Gates telling Intel that they had to stop making multi-core chips and go back to making increasingly faster single core chips (with purely sequential processing). Intel tells Gates it wasn't going to happen ... and Gates saying that multi-core is too hard ... since then the holy grail has been software programming language that greatly simplifies the multi-core concurrent programming model for the majority of the people in the world

Boyd & OODA-loop posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Frieden calculator

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Frieden calculator
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 26 Aug 2016 09:33:54 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
The 360/67 at UBC had a PDP-8 front-ending the various hard-copy terminals (2741, dial-up TTY, etc.). It did rudimentary editing like backspace, line delete, etc.

MTS ... ???
https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html
This is an IBM 2703 Transmission Control Unit, at one time the only choice for an IBM customer to run a moderate to large number of remote terminals. It was clumsy, unforgiving and slow and the timesharing users hated it. I took on the job as chief designer for a team which built something better; see the Data Concentrator Project gallery for the results.

... snip ...

https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
Just about the only terminal type the Data Concentrator didn't deal with was the IBM 1050 Data Terminal shown below circa 1970. This one had a keyboard, printer and punched card reader. It used the six-bit Binary Coded Decimal (BCD) code at 134.5 bps. A bunch of these shared the same telephone line with each one selected by a special prefix code. It had no internal memory, so the operator had to retype a line of data if the checksum failed.

... snip ...

about the same time as PDP-8 front end for MTS on 360/67, I was working on Interdata/3 front end for CP67 on 360/67. Interdata markets it as controller clone ... at univ. it involves into Interdata/4 for the channel interface with cluster of Interdata/3s dedicated to port/line interfaces.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable
Date: 26 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable
http://billmoyers.com/story/single-payer-healthcare-system-inevitable/

There was enormous uptic in outsourcing to beltway bandits starting after the start of the century ... and much further uptic in the rapidly spreading Success of Failure in the for-profit companies doing work for the government.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

We effectively consulted for free on the backroom dataprocessing for the 2000 Census (including when they were audited by other agencies ... asked to handle all the questions). After the start of the century we asked about doing something similar for the V.A. and had meeting with the lead congressional staffer for the V.A. ... V.A. was just coming off a billion dollar failed effort and were gearing up for a couple billion dollar restart. What we were suggesting was one of the most threatening things to the beltway bandits ... and they figured out a way to head it off. Congress was cutting a lot of funding for direct V.A. operations so they could appropriate it for their buddies in for-profit companies. A lot of press about the millions of dollars in V.A. problems is just misdirection away from the billions of dollars failed efforts which is a enormously bigger problem

Success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bullying

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bullying
Date: 27 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
for a little topic drift, children's book on bullying about former co-worker at the science center
http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cool-to-be-clever-edson-hendricks/id483020515?mt=8
physical book
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
another reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

recently rekindled discussion on the web with

Five myths about the Web
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/five-myths-about-the-internet/2016/08/19/8d33ddf4-656f-11e6-8b27-bb8ba39497a2_story.html
At 25, the World Wide Web Is Still a Long Way From Reality
http://www.wired.com/2016/08/25-world-wide-web-still-long-way-reality/
Happy 25th birthday to the World Wide Web
http://www.cnet.com/news/happy-25th-birthday-to-the-world-wide-web/

part of thread archived here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#124

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New words, language, metaphor

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: New words, language, metaphor
Date: 27 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
and word/language/metaphor cross-over from OODA-loop discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#10 Boyd OODA-loop Innovation

earlier piece

Elements of Military Art and Science by H. W. Halleck, 1846
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/16170

log5019-20: A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.

however, Boyd would refer to all of OODA-loop going on concurrently ... and need to constantly observe from every possible facet (as countermeasure to orientation bias).

Truly revolution ideas are difficult to get across to audience ... it pretty nearly has to within the framework and words that the audience is familiar with. I did find that Boyd could be tiring one-on-one alone ... where he might have two (or more) different threads concurrently ... and before commenting had to figure out which thread it was ... almost like a game. I never really figured out whether there was a meta objective with the multiple threads. I've known a couple other people that liked to do something similar.

aka OODA-loop which was relatively minor step to concurrent simultaneously ... has still has been frequently interpreted as sequentially, step-by-step. Dataprocessing multi-core chips has had something similar ... there is folklore from decade ago, Gates telling Intel that they had to stop making multi-core chips and go back to making increasingly faster single core chips (with purely sequential processing). Intel tells Gates it wasn't going to happen ... and Gates saying that multi-core is too hard ... since then the holy grail has been software programming language that greatly simplifies the multi-core concurrent programming model for the majority of the people in the world

...

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

and to continue the dataprocessing theme. long ago and far away, we were brought into a small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I had complete authority over the server to payment gateway (but could only make recommendations on the client/server part, some of which were almost immediately violated that account for some number of exploits that continue to this day). They had already done a straight line well testing and debugged application to implement the server to payment gateway operation. I then specified what was needed to do to turn an application into a (business critical) service ... which required ten times more effort (than the original straight-line application).

In this time-frame object-oriented operating systems were all the rage (apple doing pink, sun doing spring, etc). Apple spins off a bunch of their work as Taligent ... not full-blown operating system but a platform for programming environment (with lots of feature/functions already provided to simplify writing applications). We then had a one week "JAD" with Taligent to go through what was needed in their environment to support implementing business critical applications (as opposed to toy graphical demos). The initial conclusion called for rewrite of 1/3rd of their existing code and 1/3rd brand new code (with new features/concepts ... analogous to new programming metaphors).

We were then involved in a project where treasury was outsourcing electronic tax payments (handles about 95% of federal budget) that required processes following MIL-STD-498 and DOD-STD-2167A ... which we noticed increased the implementation effort by a factor of ten times (comapred to industry standard processes). We then had several meetings with interested parties to go over program development facilities that would support meeting 2167A requirements but only require 2-3 times standard industry efforts (rather than ten times). An old reference, gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20060831110450/http://www.software.org/quagmire/

past posts mentioning Taligent &/or quagmire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#10 Taligent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#46 Where are they now : Taligent and Pink
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#48 Where are they now : Taligent and Pink
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#55 Computer security: The Future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#36 Proper ISA lifespan?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#93 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#59 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#69 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#70 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#76 Difference between Unix and Linux?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#60 The next big things that weren't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#45 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#28 A Speculative question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#16 Dealing with complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#53 defination of terms: "Application Server" vs. "Transaction Server"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#64 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#1 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#46 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#40 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#52 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#38 Where should the type information be: in tags and descriptors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#42 Development as Configuration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#17 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#37 The new High Assurance SSL Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#20 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#13 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#69 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#1 The top 10 dead (or dying) computer skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#36 Future of System/360 architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#46 Computer Science Education: Where Are the Software Engineers of Tomorrow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#22 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#26 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#32 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#44 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#64 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#9 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#15 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#17 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#37 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#53 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#59 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#61 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#101 Perspectives: Looped back in
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#30 Before Disruption...Thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#94 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#2 Quagmire on the Potomac
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#68 Boyd's cycle: the path to guaranteed success + 6 big companies as evidence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#59 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#55 Behind the Pentagon's doctored ledgers, a running tally of epic waste
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#63 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#68 The Pentagon Spent $2.7 Billion on an Intelligence System That Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#13 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Veterans Are Losing the War at Home

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Veterans Are Losing the War at Home
Date: 27 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
How Veterans Are Losing the War at Home
http://billmoyers.com/story/veterans-losing-war-home/
"To force the VA to use its drugs, Big Pharma set up dummy foundations and turned to existing veterans' organizations for support. These days, however, the big money people have found a more efficient way to make their weight felt. Now, when they need the political clout of a veterans' organization, they help finance one of their own."

... snip ...

One of the things last decade was congress appropriated an extra trilllion-plus dollars for the two wars (in part because of the significant amounts that leak out to for-profit companies and their lobbying) ... but didn't bother to appropriate a corresponding increase for the VA to handle those returning home (VA isn't allowed to lobby congress).

related
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#12 Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The EpiPen Scandal Is Worse Than You Think: What You're Not Being Told

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The EpiPen Scandal Is Worse Than You Think: What You're Not Being Told
Date: 27 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
The EpiPen Scandal Is Worse Than You Think: What You're Not Being Told
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-08-27/epipen-scandal-worse-you-think-what-you%E2%80%99re-not-being-told

The epitome of all this is Medicare Part-d ... first major bill passed after congress allowed fiscal responsibility act (spending could *NOT* exceed tax revenue) to expire in 2002. CBS 60mins does expose of the 18 republican congressmen and staffers responsible for getting it passed. Just before the final vote they add a single sentence and prevent CBO from distributing report on the change. Six months after the bill passes, 60mins find that all 18 have resigned and are on drug industry payroll.

The US Comptroller General characterizes part-D as coming to be a long term $40T item, totally swamping all other budget items. By 2005, the US Comptroller General is including in speeches that nobody in congress is capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they are savaging the budget with part-D and lots of other huge spending increases as well and tax revenue cuts ... the first time taxes have been cut to not pay for two wars).

Medicare Part-D
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d
Fiscal Responsibility Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
Comptroller General
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

UBS whistleblower exposes 'political prostitution' all the way up to President Obama

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: UBS whistleblower exposes 'political prostitution' all the way up to President Obama
Date: 27 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
UBS whistleblower exposes 'political prostitution' all the way up to President Obama
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/ubs-whistleblower-exposes-political-prostitution-all-way-president-obama-1577834

2009, IRS press refers to 52,000 wealthy Americans that owe $400B in illegal tax evasion (over the previous decade). Then in spring 2011, the house votes to cut the budget for the IRS department responsible for recoverying that $400B. Since then there has been little or nothing on recoverying the $400B.

tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bullying

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bullying
Date: 27 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#13 Bullying

Putting "Anti-Intellectualism" in Context: Intellectualism, Misology, and the Army
http://www.thestrategybridge.com/the-bridge/2014/1/20/putting-anti-intellectualism-in-context-intellectualism-misology-and-the-army

Current military reform somewhat centered around German "Auftragstaktik" roughly translated "mission command" ... one of the most active proponents sometimes gets asked to brief top Pentagon, but they appear to never pay more than lip service on military reform. There was an attempt to get him elected the new "yoda", when the first director of the Office of Net Assessment announced he was retiring in 2015 after 42years in the job.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Marshall_(foreign_policy_strategist)

A big issue with military reform is that the problems are so pervasive ... that it is necessary to start with personnel managment and work from there to make any dent
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/military-people-and-ideas/2016/developing-for-mission-command-the-missing-link.html
In 2010, the Defense Science Board report on the personnel system concluded that the Defense Officer Personnel Management Act (DOPMA) [with "up or out" as its centerpiece] and other policies and regulations "have the effect today of inhibiting the Department's flexibility and adaptability."[21]

... snip ...

The Language of Mission Command and the Necessity of an Historical Approach
http://www.thestrategybridge.com/the-bridge/2016/6/4/the-language-of-mission-command-and-the-necessity-of-an-historical-approach
Mission command--imperfectly translated from its German origin of Auftragstaktik--is widely regarded as the most superior command philosophy in military history. Its great advantages are unrivaled speed, utmost flexibility, authenticity and genuine leadership. All these are battle-winning traits.

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

And it's gone --The true cost of interruptions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: And it's gone --The true cost of interruptions
Date: 27 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
And it's gone --The true cost of interruptions
https://jaxenter.com/aaaand-gone-true-cost-interruptions-128741.html

from "real programmers don't write specs":
Real Programmers never work 9 to 5. If any real programmers are around at 9am, it's because they were up all night.

... so they can work w/o interruptions.

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#31 High Level Language Systems was Re: computer books/authors (Re: FA:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#39 Why Use *-* ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#16 Work long hours (Was Re: Pissing contest(s))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#24 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#72 Five Outdated Leadership Ideas That Need To Die

We periodically have discussions about programmers being literate in a programming language ... same as "literate" in a natural language ... when think & dream in the language (rather than having to translate everything). past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#9 Where did the hacker ethic go?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#26 HELP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#64 Programming in School (was: Re: Common uses...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#37 Would the value of knowledge and information be transferred or shared accurately across the different culture??????
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#26 Losing colonies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#48 Secure design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#49 Secure design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#44 First assembly language encounters--how to get started?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#50 64 gig memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#39 Wrapping up the FBEMBA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#24 Why Coder Pay Isn't Proportional To Productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#31 An upbeat story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#39 Zen and Connaturality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#74 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#51 Thinking in a Foreign Language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#83 How smart do you need to be to be really good with Assembler?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#8 Initial ideas (orientation) constrain creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#56 Computer Architecture Manuals - tools for writing and maintaining- state of the art?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#48 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#65 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable
Date: 28 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#12 Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable

.. example .. folklore is that wallstreet paid congress $250M for GLBA, about evenly divided between the two parties, the original bill passed purely along party lines and the president was going to veto it, they then go back and tack on some other stuff and eventually passes with a (veto-proof) 90-8.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gramm%E2%80%93Leach%E2%80%93Bliley_Act

Original rhetoric on the floor of congress regarding purpose of GLBA was that if you already had a banking charter, you got to keep it, but if you didn't have a banking charter, you couldn't get one (keep new competition out of banking with more efficient technology that could significantly reduce profit margins). GLBA is now better known for one of the additions, repeal of Glass-Steagall ... enabling too big to fail (too big to prosecute and too big to jail).

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Another problem is that original funding just to the military-industrial-complex for the two wars ... but didn't bother to fund VA. I was talking to mental health professional within the past couple years and they said that public outcry over VA on mental health ... and congress did find some more funds. VA then had offers out to nearly every mental health professional in the country ... but it would take at least six years to grow the new mental health professionals. In the mean time, the drug industry was pushing that they heavily medicate the patients ... many are getting drugs that are almost impossible to get off of and they will be on for the rest of their life.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US and UK have staged coups before

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US and UK have staged coups before
Date: 28 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started with move from 13.5in to 15in guns (which requires moving from coal to oil) loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach thethickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.

... snip ...

including Iranian coup
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the secret police to help keep Shah in power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#78 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#85 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#30 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#66 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#70 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#72 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#75 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#84 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#90 Google and Facebook put their fierce rivalry aside to save money in this key area

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US and UK have staged coups before

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US and UK have staged coups before
Date: 28 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#21 US and UK have staged coups before

Down the street from "Economic Hit Man", Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin?:

John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Russian Military Politics and Russia's 2010 Defense Doctrine
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1050

For other, president of Harvard (mentioned in the previous refs) was treasury point person for much of this in the 90s. Then when his mentor (and former head of Goldman-Sachs) resigns as SECTREAS (to become what was described at the time the co-CEO of Citi), he becomes SECTREAS.

The president of AMEX was competing to be the next CEO. The looser then leaves and takes his protegee and go to Baltimore and takes over what was described as loan sharking business. They make some number of other acquisitions and eventually acquire Citibank in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greespan gives them an exemption while they lobby Congress for repeal of Glass-Steagall (enabling too big to fail, too big to prosecute and too big to jail). They enlist the SECTREAS to help them, after repeal is added to GLBA, the SECTREAS reasigns to join Citi (Citi is major player in the economic mess last decade). The "protegee" leaves Citi and becomes CEO of one of the other four largest TBTF (end of 2008, just four largest TBTF were carrying $5.2T in offbook toxic assets, making the $700B appropriated for TARP something of farce, Citi is carrying the most of that $5.2T).

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDO:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

posts mentioning "Economic Hitman" &/or "Harvard responsible for rise of Putin?"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#71 A question for the readership
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#80 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#111 Matt Taibbi with Xmas Message from the Rich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#57 Study Confirms The Government Produces The Buggiest Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#70 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#70 The Army and Special Forces: The Fantasy Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#81 GBP13tn: hoard hidden from taxman by global elite
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#45 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#60 The IBM mainframe has been the backbone of most of the world's largest IT organizations for more than 48 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#83 Protected: R.I.P. Containment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#2 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#95 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#98 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#7 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#25 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#63 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#69 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#62 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#66 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#11 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#98 Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#2 do you blame Harvard for Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#4 Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#32 Larry Summers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#79 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#11 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#14 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#70 Department of Defense Head Ashton Carter Enlists Silicon Valley to Transform the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#91 Happy Dec-10 Day!!!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#16 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#73 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#59 How Putin Weaponized Wikileaks to Influence the Election of an American President

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Frieden calculator

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Frieden calculator
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 29 Aug 2016 14:03:56 -0700
"Charles Richmond" <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
Many countries in Europe benefited from the Marshall Plan after WW2. In fact, according to Wikipedia, the United Kingdom was the largest recipient of the Marshall Plan money. Somehow, England did *not* allow any imports of food stuff by the Britains themselves... in order to keep their money inside the country.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marshall_Plan


This says that in 1655, bengal was richest place in earth ... but by 1755, britain had reduced it to one of the poorest. also WW2, churchill was using shipping capacity to stockpile/hoard food for after the war resulting in 3m-6m indian startvation deaths
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B003VTZXC2/

some past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#35 Deny the British empire's crimes? No, we ignore them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#62 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Then there is ... The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started with move from 13.5in to 15in guns (before WW1, which requires moving from coal to oil) loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.

... snip ...

including Iranian coup
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the secret police to help keep Shah in power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

some past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#95 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#70 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#11 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#72 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#77 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#80 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#81 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#78 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#102 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#21 US and UK have staged coups before

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Frieden calculator

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Frieden calculator
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 30 Aug 2016 08:28:19 -0700
maus <mausg@mail.com> writes:
during WWII, the US arranged talks in Saudi during which, the Us took over from UK as main Western partner. (Which may hve had implication as late as 9-11.) The British were seriously displeased. but had to allow it.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator

but US helped Britain in 1953 with overthrow of the elected president in Iran when he insisted on examining the Iranian oil contracts with Britain ... and training SAVAK to help keep the Shah in power.

After Iran overthrew the Shah ... US supported Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

more trivia: early 90s, sat. recon analyst notified administration that Saddam was preparing to invade Kuwait. The administration said Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Then the analyst notifies that Saddam was preparing to invade Saudi Arabia, the administration now has to choose between Iraq and Saudi Arabia (Bush1 is president and Cheney is now SECDEF)
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

Very early last decade, the cousin of White House chief of staff (Card) is dealing with Iraq in the UN and given proof that the WMDs have been decommissioned ... which is forwarded to Card, Powell and others ... before it can be made public, the cousin is locked up in military hospital. (Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, and Rumsfeld is SECDEF again). The cousin eventually gets out and publishes a book in 2010.
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY times series from fall 2014 about finding the decommissioned WMDs (tracing back to the US) and the information was kept classified for a decade (corroborates details in cousin's book published 2010)
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

aka ... in the 70s, White House chief of staff is Rumsfeld and Cheney is his assistant. CIA director doesn't agree with "Team B" Russian miliary analysis justifying huge increase in US military spending. Rumsfeld replaces him with Bush1 who would agree, then resigns to become SECDEF (and Cheney replaces him as white house chief of staff)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

one of the original "Team B" members
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
He is a leading neoconservative.[4] As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork.

... snip ...

Team B posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

In the middle of the last decade, when the families of 9/11 victims try to sue Saudi Arabia for responsibility for 9/11, the administration says they can't sue a gov. That is reversed in 2013 ... some speculation because of all the fracking has made the US more energy independent. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#51 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#11 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#14 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#51 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#27 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#54 The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#43 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#72 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#50 Iraqi WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#93 Qbasic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
Date: 30 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/08/30/samsung_pm1725a_ssd_release_vmworld/

In 1980, I was roped into doing channel-extension support for the STL (since renamed silicon valley) LAB. STL was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people from the IMS group to off-site bldg with connection back into STL datacenter. They had tried "remote 3270" but found the human factors intolerable. Channel-extension would allow placing channel-attached 3270s (and other controllers) at offsite bldg. Part of the support was downloading channel programs to channel emulator to offset the enormous overhead & latency of channel protocol chatter. The vendor then tried to get IBM to release it to customers, but there was group in POK that were playing with some serial stuff and were afraid that the channel-extension support in the market would make it more difficult to justify releasing their stuff. Some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extension

In 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial technology stuff technology they had which quickly becomes fibre-channel standard (including some of the stuff that I did in 1980). Then in 1990, the POK stuff is released as ESCON with ES/9000 when it is already obsolete. Then some POK channel engineers become involved with fibre-channel standard and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically reduces the the native throughput ... which is eventually released as FICON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

The most recent IBM peak I/O throughput numbers I can find is for z196 where they got 2M IOPS using 104 FICON. At about the same time, there was a fibre-channel announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (for single fibre-channel, two such fibre-channel have higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre-channel). There has been TCW announced for FICON that is little like what I did in 1980, but it only claims 30% improvement over standard FICON.

The channel-extension was also used for IMS FE service group in Boulder that were moved into office bldg across highway from the datacenter. Optical modems on poles on the edge of the roof, were used for the interconnect. There was issue was that signal might be lost in colorado storms (we did record some transmission errors in a white-out storm where nobody was able to get into work). The real problem was that uneven heating of the bldg sides during the course of a sunny day caused the bldg. sides to expand, leaning the modem poles and loose signal. The poles were repositioned from the sides of the bldgs (that would expand and contract during the course of sunny day).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

British socialism / anti-trust

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: British socialism / anti-trust
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 30 Aug 2016 14:06:48 -0700
hancock4 writes:
As to IBM, in the early 1960s, IBM was very a tough competitor. But in the mid-1960s, it changed its business practices to allow more competition, such as unbundling its product line and being more open to third-party attachments to its machines. Despite all that reform, the govt still went after IBM. That case did go to court, dragged on, and the govt lost.

the other scenario is that unbundling (like charging for software) was product of various litigation ... but I've said, the company did manage to make the case that operating system (kernel) software should still be free. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

and wasn't set up for 3rd party attachment (clone controllers) ... which then prompted FS
http://www.ecole.org/en/seances/CM07

IBM tried to react by launching a major project called the 'Future System' (FS) in the early 1970's. The idea was to get so far ahead that the competition would never be able to keep up, and to have such a high level of integration that it would be impossible for competitors to follow a compatible niche strategy. However, the project failed because the objectives were too ambitious for the available technology. Many of the ideas that were developed were nevertheless adapted for later generations. Once IBM had acknowledged this failure, it launched its 'box strategy', which called for competitiveness with all the different types of compatible sub-systems. But this proved to be difficult because of IBM's cost structure and its R&D spending, and the strategy only resulted in a partial narrowing of the price gap between IBM and its rivals.

... snip ...

FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

I've mentioned in the past, as undergraduate, trying to get the IBM telecommunication controller to do something it couldn't quite do ... somewhat spawns the univ. starting a clone controller project, Interdata/3 programmed to emulate IBM's controller ... but would do what I wanted to do (Interdata then markets, later expanded to Interdata/4 for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s handling port/line interfaces, after Perkin/Elemer buys Interdata, continues to be sold under the P/E logo). Four of us get written up responsible for (some part of) clone controller business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

There is some folklore that SNA is possibly leftover vestige of FS ... with its highly baroque interface between VTAM and NCP 37x5 terminal controllers

During FS, 370 efforts were being shutdown (FS was completely different from 360/370), which is credited with giving clone processors a market foothold. After FS implodes, there is made rush to get products back into the 370 pipeline ... and decision to transition to start charging for kernel software. I had continued doing 360/370 stuff all during the FS period ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

One of my hobbies was providing&supporting enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters ... and the mad rush contributes to releasing some of my stuff to customers ... and the resource management was selected to be guinea pig for transition to charging for kernel software ... as separately charged for add-on. some resource management posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

In the 80s, with the charging for all kernel software, there is then the OCO-wars ... "object code only" ... lots of customers were use to having complete source ... and IBM was changing to no longer providing source.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

British socialism / anti-trust

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: British socialism / anti-trust
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 30 Aug 2016 16:11:41 -0700
Mike Spencer <mds@bogus.nodomain.nowhere> writes:
The "invisible hand" as capitalist dogma has the same teleological odor as the communist dogma of the "withering away of the state". The cold war is over and the bad guys won, viz. the guys who belive in a religious dogma of economics as *the answer* to *everything*. It's the same religious belief structure as the communists', just with a different dogma.

Before "In God We Trust" in 56,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_God_We_Trust
was adding "under God" to the pledge of allegiance in 1954.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

This account at an annual industry conference in the 40s, they decide to fund a major propaganda campaign equating capitalism with christianity. The issue was that corporations had gotten extremely bad reputation for the depression and for rebuilding Germany's industry and military during the 20s and 30s ... and they were looking to remake their image. "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis, Intrepid,
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

loc1901-4:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become "river of blood," other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.

... snip ...

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy and military during 20s&30s, "The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War"
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc873-79:
Sullivan & Cromwell floated the first American bonds issued by the giant German steelmaker and arms manufacturer Krupp A.G., extended I.G. Farben's global reach, and fought successfully to block Canada's effort to restrict the export of steel to German arms makers.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

trivia: from the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing Program needed locations of German industrial and military targets, they got the German target location information from wallstreet. However, from 5-6 miles high, they had trouble actually hitting targets. Later McNamara was LaMay's staff planning fire bombing of German cities (lot harder to miss a whole city) and later Japanese cities. McNamara leaves for the auto industry after the war, but returns as SECDEF for Vietnam where Laos becomes the most bombed country in the world (more tonnage than Germany & Japan combined).

other trivia: US Strategic Bombing Program insisted that all the money go to building strategic bombers (1/3rd of US WW2 budget was for strategic bombers), that long range fighters weren't required. The British tried to explain that the Germans learned that lesson the hard way in the air battle of Britain, but the US insisted that they also learn it the hard way.

even more trivia: I was recently talking to former Navy aviator from Vietnam era about Midway. History has no B17 bombs hit anything (there is B17 at the museum). He said his squadron accounted for two of the carriers at Midway ... and B17s may have never hit any enemy target in the Pacific.

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#11 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#22 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#32 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#63 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#120 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#77 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#78 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#91 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#11 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Revival of pessimistic locking

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Revival of pessimistic locking
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 31 Aug 2016 12:10:33 -0700
already5chosen writes:
ARM added atomic compare-and-swap and various fetch-and-modify to ARMv8.1 IBM added atomic compare-and-swap and various fetch-and-modify to POWER v3.0

Charlie invented Compare-And-Swap (name chosen because CAS are Charlie's initials) at the science center when he was working on fine-grain multiprocessor locking for CP67. Then attempted to get CAS added to 370 ... but was initially rejected because the POK favorite son operating system people claimed that test-and-set (from 360 multiprocessor) was more than sufficient. The 370 architecture owners said that in order to justify Compare-And-Swap addition to 370, uses other than kernel multiprocessor locking were needed. Thus were born the examples for multithreaded applications (whether multiprocessor or not) that continue to exist down thru the ages in numerous generations of principles of operation appendix. some past CAS &/or SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

During the 70s and 80s ... there was increasing use of CAS by multithreaded applications ... like large DBMS implementations ... and also started to see it added to other processor architectures.

801/RISC started out claiming single processor only and no instructions would take more than single cycle ... and totally rejected CAS implementation. However, with porting of RDBMS to RS/6000 power ... the lack of CAS significantly hurt throughput. As a temporary stop-gap a CAS simulation was added to the supervisor call, first-level-interrupt handler ... that would simulate CAS (while disabled for interrupts and immediately return/resume, RS/6000 POWER was single processor so didn't have to consider serializing other processors). Later power/pc with multiprocessor support and more (multi-threaded) business applications, CAS become increasingly critical.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

trivia ... some place from long ago and far away ... I have the CAS simulation code from the RS/6000 FLIH.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
Date: 31 Aug 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#25 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something

late 80s, a senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at internal annual world-wide communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... but open the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic responsibility for everything that crossed the datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing, trying to preserve their (emulated) dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the data center to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with several solutions to address the problem but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

A few short years later, the company had gone into the red and was being reorged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company ... when the board brings in the former president of of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company ... using some of the same techniques he used at RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
i.e.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

CEO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

folklore/trivia ... after leaving but before the breakup was reversed, we were contacted by somebody in the bowels of Armonk about helping with the mechanics of the breakup. Lots of operations had MOUs with other divisions about using supplier contracts ... all the supplier contracts had to be cataloged and all the dependent MOUs had to be identified and turned into contracts (since these MOUs would then be across different corporations).

while a lot of operations were fleeing mainframes there was core group of financial & wallstreet that had huge dependency on mainframe ... and the risk of migration was more than significant premium they were paying IBM for the mainframe.

The earlier issue was disk technology was moving to fixed-block. CKD was technology trade-off from the 60s, by the mid-70s it had inverted ... but IBM's favorite son operating system couldn't move off. Circa 1980, I offered to supply the code supporting FBA. I was told that I needed $26M new business to pay for the documentation and training ... about $200M-$300M in new sales. I was then told that IBM was selling as many disks as it could make, and FBA support would change that from CKD to FBA (but no new sales). There haven't been any real CKD made for decades, all simulated on industry standard fixed-block disks.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

I had project HSDT doing T1 and faster links and was working with director of NSF and suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and NSF releases an RFP (largely based on what we already had running), however internal politics prevent us from bidding (not just communication group). The director of NSF tries to help, writes a letter to the company (copying the CEO) with support of other agencies ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (as did comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into the centers it morphs into NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

In this time-frame, the communication group makes a presentation to the corporate executive committee why mainframe customers won't need T1 support until well into the 90s. An issue was that the 37x5 boxes only supported up to 56kbits. The 37x5 boxes did have "fat pipes" ... gang 2 or more parallel 56kbit links as single logical link. They showed the IBM customer use of fat pipes with 2, 3, 4, etc links ... dropping to zero by 6 links.

Either the communication group had no knowledge of the telco industry or just omitted the information in the report to the corporate executive committee ... but at the time, telco tariffs for full speed T1 1.5mbit link were about the same as 5or6 56kbit links. In a trivial survey we found 200 mainframe customers with T1 links ... but had switched to non-IBM box to drive the link at full speed. Further aside, during part of the NSF T1 RFP period, there was lots of internal misinformation about how communication group products could be used (misinformation not just by the communication group). Somebody on the distribution, packaged them up and sent us a copy. I've posted a heavily clipped and redacted version (to protect the guilty) here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109
other email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Revival of pessimistic locking

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Revival of pessimistic locking
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 01 Sep 2016 11:38:11 -0700
"Chris M. Thomasson" <invalid@invalid.invalid> writes:
If you can find it, I would love to take a look. :^)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#28 Revival of pessimistic locking

from long ago and far away


#
#  svc 1 = compare and swap (see cs below)
#  if a page-fault occurs on load or store we back-track
#  to .cs in ds_flih. a wild-branch to the middle of the
#  code will either take a program exception on the rfsvc
#  or look like a storage exception at the beginning of
#  .cs .
#
.org    real0+0x1020            # svc 1 comes here.
l       r6,0(r3)                # load the word
        cmp     0,r4,r6                 # compare the word
bne     0,noswap                # branch if different
        st      r5,0(r3)                # swap word
cal     r3,0(r0)                # r3 = equal retcode
rfsvc                           # return
noswap: cal     r3,1(r0)                # r3 = noswap retcode
        rfsvc                           # return

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Revival of pessimistic locking

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Revival of pessimistic locking
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 01 Sep 2016 16:30:14 -0700
"Chris M. Thomasson" <invalid@invalid.invalid> writes:
BTW, did Charlie also invent the idea of using an extra counter to make the CAS fail when an A, to B, back to A encounter occurs? To avoid destroying the data-structure?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#28 Revival of pessimistic locking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#30 Revival of pessimistic locking

the original CAS examples were simpler structures ... that didn't require version sequencing (single threaded list, double threaded list, counters, etc). SMP &/or CAS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

first time I remember working with similar version sequencing was late 80s for our HA/CMP project ... and cluster scaleup ... working with national labs on technical and scientific and RDBMS vendors on commercial scaleup.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Some of the RDBMS vendors had vax/cluster support in the same source base as the support for other platforms. The easiest way to extend that support to HA/CMP was doing a DLM that implemented vax/cluster semantics. However the RDBMS vendors had some thots on how to significantly improve over vax/cluster implementation ... and I had some ideas dating back to having worked on the original sql/relational implementation.

A non-cluster RDBMS improvement was fast commit ... release record-level lock as soon as the corresponding journal record had been written ... even though the DBMS record hasn't been written (and roll journal forward in case of recovery). The vax/cluster implementation wouldn't pass the lock to another cluster processor until the corresponding DBMS record had been written, and it would then have to read the DBMS from disk. So I sought to extend fast commit to cluster operation ... piggy-backing the record in transmission granting the lock to a different processor. This then requires merging journal records from the different cluster processors in the original transaction execution order. Because didn't have cluster wide synchronized timer, went with transaction version number ... that was transmitted with granting the lock and current record value (academic papers sometimes refer to it as virtual time in recovery with distributed logs/journals).

trivia ... old reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room regarding cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

then for a number of reasons, over a couple weeks, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as supercomputer (for technical and scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. Old press item from 17Feb1992:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
and later from press from 11May1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

posts mentioning DLM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#64 distributed locking patents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#40 Disk drive behavior
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#66 KI-10 vs. IBM at Rutgers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#2 Block oriented I/O over IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#47 OT - Internet Explorer V6.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#5 OT - Internet Explorer V6.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#67 Blade architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#1 Blade architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#8 Avoiding JCL Space Abends
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#70 A few Z990 Gee-Wiz stats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004i.html#1 Hard disk architecture: are outer cylinders still faster than inner cylinders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004i.html#2 New Method for Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#0 Specifying all biz rules in relational data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#5 Tera
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#10 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#70 CAS and LL/SC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#40 clusters vs shared-memory (was: Re: CAS and LL/SC (was Re: High Level Assembler for MVS & VM & VSE))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#55 Foreign key in Oracle Sql
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#26 Crash detection by OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#42 Development as Configuration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#8 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#41 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#20 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#32 When Does Folklore Begin???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#62 Greatest Software, System R
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#3 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#42 Keep VM 24X7 365 days
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#50 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#61 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#19 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#24 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#55 Capacity and Relational Database
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#49 VLIW pre-history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#33 Google And IBM Take Aim At Shortage Of Distributed Computing Skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#46 "Server" processors for numbercrunching?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#42 Newbie question about db normalization theory: redundant keys OK?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#43 distributed lock manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#69 How does ATTACH pass address of ECB to child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#81 Random thoughts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#70 Time to rewrite DBMS, says Ingres founder
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#56 performance of hardware dynamic scheduling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#91 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#18 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#63 Intel: an expensive many-core future is ahead of us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#71 Curiousity: largest parallel sysplex around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#3 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#40 "Larrabee" GPU design question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#43 "Larrabee" GPU design question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#26 Natural keys vs Aritficial Keys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#36 Ingres claims massive database performance boost
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#67 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#39 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#84 A Faster Way to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#57 U.S. begins inquiry of IBM in mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#35 DB2 announces technology that trumps Oracle RAC and Exadata
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#32 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#66 SYSENTER/SYSEXIT_vs._SYSCALL/SYSRET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#54 Unix systems and Serialization mechanism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#14 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#82 Hashing for DISTINCT or GROUP BY in SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#23 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#8 New job for mainframes: Cloud platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#28 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#53 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#4 Oracle To IBM: Your 'Customers Are Being Wildly Overcharged'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#86 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#87 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#19 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#44 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#73 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#40 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#40 How Larry Ellison Became The Fifth Richest Man In The World By Using IBM's Idea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#142 IBM Continues To Crumble

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

z/OS Operating System size

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: z/OS Operating System size
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 2 Sep 2016 15:27:36 -0700
steve@STEVEBEAVER.COM (Steve Beaver) writes:
also ibm used to publish all their code on micro-fiche

before the "OCO-wars"

cp67 and then vm370 actually did source maintenance.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
Date: 02 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#25 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#29 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something

for a little topic drift, recent discussion in comp.arch, "Revival of pessimistic locking", archived at google groups:
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/comp.arch/Aj4cwf8tY3A
a couple of my posts, compare&lock history
https://groups.google.com/d/msg/comp.arch/Aj4cwf8tY3A/89W8D-jhAQAJ
https://groups.google.com/d/msg/comp.arch/Aj4cwf8tY3A/ybJvO6g-AgAJ

also:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#28 Revival of pessimistic locking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#30 Revival of pessimistic locking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#31 Revival of pessimistic locking

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The chip card transition in the US has been a disaster

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The chip card transition in the US has been a disaster
Date: 02 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
The chip card transition in the US has been a disaster
http://qz.com/717876/the-chip-card-transition-in-the-us-has-been-a-disaster/

After the turn of the century there was large pilot in the US during the Yes Card period ... at LEO description of the vulnerabilities at the ATM integrity task force ... somebody commented that they manage to spend billions of dollars to prove that chips are less secure than magstripe. Description at the bottom of this Cartes 2002 trip report (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

In the wake of the Yes Card, all evidence of the pilot appeared to have totally disappeared and there was speculation that it would be a long time before it was tried again in the US (allowing foibles to be worked out in smaller jurisdictions).

disclaimer: in the late 90s, I was asked to do a chip that was much more secure than even current chips ... and fast enough to do transaction in 1/10th sec .... even in low-power contactless configuration.

Yes Card posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Deutsche Bank and a $10Bn Money Laundering Nightmare: More Context Than You Can Shake a Stick at

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Deutsche Bank and a $10Bn Money Laundering Nightmare: More Context Than You Can Shake a Stick at
Date: 06 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
Deutsche Bank and a $10Bn Money Laundering Nightmare: More Context Than You Can Shake a Stick at
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/09/deutsche-bank-and-a-10bn-money-laundering-nightmare-more-context-than-you-can-shake-a-stick-at.html

and "City of London" is big player here
https://www.amazon.com/Treasure-Islands-Uncovering-Offshore-Banking-ebook/dp/B004OA6420/

pg87/loc1816-20:
As I've noted, when Britain's formal empire collapsed, it did not entirely disappear. Fourteen small island states decided not to become independent and became instead Britain's Overseas Territories, with Britain's Queen as their head of state. It is a status that has been preserved until today. Exactly half of them--Anguilla, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat, and the Turks and Caicos Islands--are tax havens, actively supported and managed from Britain and intimately linked with the City of London.

money-laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

z/OS Operating System size

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: z/OS Operating System size
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 6 Sep 2016 20:50:14 -0700
mike@MENTOR-SERVICES.COM (Mike Myers) writes:
A few years ago, we pretty much dropped the concept of MIPS, changing it from Millions of Instructions Per Second to Meaningless Indicator of Processor Speed. Simply compare the accomplishment of a single line of assembler, such as comparing LR to CFC (Compare and Form Codeword) or UPT (UPdate Tree). It becomes obvious that a lot more LRs (or similar RR instructions) can be accomplished per second than the number of CFCs or UPTs in the same interval of time on the same machine.

for a long time, industry standard for MIPS is number of benchmark interations compared to baseline runs on 370/158-3 & vax-11/780 (not actually count of instructions)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instructions_per_second

IBM numbers:
z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000 z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003 z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005 z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008 z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010 EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012

z13 published refs is 30% move throughput than EC12 or about 100BIPS with 40% more processors ... or about 710MIPS/proc (which would be per processor decline from EC12).

IBM previous references were that at least half of the per processor throughput increase from z10 to z196 was introduction of out-of-order execution and other features that have been part of other platforms for decades. This is critical because of the increasing mismatch between processor machine cycle and memory access latency ... aka memory access latency when measured in count of processor cycles is compareable to 1960s disk access latency when measured in count of 1960s processor cycles (effective throughput is increasingly dependent on how memory access latency is handled).

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#81 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#83 IBM's z12 mainframe engine makes each clock count
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#90 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#14 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#44 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#51 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#6 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#21 Assembler vs. COBOL--processing time, space needed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#24 Assembler vs. COBOL--processing time, space needed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#26 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#10 From build to buy: American Airlines changes modernization course midflight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#55 IBM reveals a monster 36-core mainframe module
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#6 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#45 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#59 Why Intel can't retire X86
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#60 Why Intel can't retire X86
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#10 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#23 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#93 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#40 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#51 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#53 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#70 50,000 x86 operating system on single mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#73 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#96 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#67 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#92 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#2 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#4 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#57 [CM] Mainframe tech is here to stay: just add innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#35 curly brace languages source code style quides
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#85 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#105 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#29 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#93 HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#110 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#114 Between CISC and RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#27 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#103 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
Date: 06 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#25 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#29 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#33 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something

With respect to presentation to executive committee about customers not needing T1 until well into the 90s, HSDT was having some custom hardware built on the other side of the pacific. Friday before I was to leave on a visit, the communication group announced an internal "high-speed" discussion group with the following definitions:
low-speed: <9.6kbits medium-speed: 19.2kbits high-speed : 56kbits very high-speed: 1.5mbits

on Monday morning, in a conference room on the other side of the pacific was the following definitions
low-speed: <20mbits medium-speed: 100mbits high-speed: 200-300mbits very high-speed: >600mbits

past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#33b High Speed Data Transport (HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#69 oddly portable machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#45 IBM's Workplace OS (Was: .. Pink)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#59 SR 15,15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#12 network history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#58 Q ALLOC PAGE vs. CP Q ALLOC vs ESAMAP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#25 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#9 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#36 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#4 Google Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#42 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#50 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#64 Damn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#45 Are there tasks that don't play by WLM's rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#45 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#31 VTAM R.I.P. -- SNATAM anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#99 We're losing the battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#12 Discussions areas, private message silos, and how far we've come since 199x
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#13 "Telecommunications" from '85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#14 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#72 Mainframe articles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#7 VTAM security issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#24 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#44 SNA: conflicting opinions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#59 MasPar compiler and simulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#11 Crazed idea: SDSF for z/Linux
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#69 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#6 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#57 So why doesn't the mainstream IT press seem to get the IBM mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#40 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#88 Would mainframe technology be relevant in the age of cloud computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#74 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#54 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck? (Part One)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#98 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#41 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#80 A joke seen in an online discussion about moving a box of tape backups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#87 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#89 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#29 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#45 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#66 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#16 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#66 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#47 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#82 Qbasic - lies about Medicare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

British socialism / anti-trust

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: British socialism / anti-trust
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 07 Sep 2016 18:45:57 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Take a look at how much Intel has on the iAPX 432. I'm very disappointed by IBM's selective corporate memory, too.

I've still have set of iAPX 432 in boxes someplace ... past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#48 Famous Machines and Software that didn't

one of quotes (in above post) from 432 manuals:
These problems have led other manufactuers, whose earlier computers had more conventional architectures, to recognize the wisdom of raising the level of the hardware-software interface. Consider, for example, the IBM System 38, IBM's most recent architecture. Not only have the designers of the System 38 followed the Burroughs approach to architecture support for high-level languages, they have also included most of the operating system in the hardware as well. It seems inevitable that the fundamental problems facing the computer industry will force more and more manufactuers to take this approach.

... snip ...

As periodic mentioned folklore is some of the people from the failed FS effort retreated to Rochester and did S/38. One of the nails in the FS coffin was analysis if application from 370/195 (in this case Eastern Airlines System/One res system) was moved to the fastest FS processor, it would have throughput of 370/145 (something like 10-30 times slow down). That sort of degradation wasn't an issue in the S/38 market. Past FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

AS/400, the S/38 follow-on, drop some of the S/38 features. However, S/38 and original AS/400 were originally implemented on traditional CISC chips with a very high abstraction level implemented in software. The original AS/400 was supposed to have been on 801/risc Iliad ... but for various reasons that failed, and a CISC substitute was quickly created. A decade later AS/400 did move to 801/risc (version of power/pc).

In early 80s, ACM SIGOPS bi-annual meeting (at Asilomar), The 432 group did a presentation. One of the things that they mentioned as big mistake was extremely complex operating system software went directly into silicon. Fixes required manufacturing new silicon chips and physical replacement to fix bugs.

other 432 posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#57 iAPX-432 (was: 36 to 32 bit transition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#62 iAPX-432 (was: 36 to 32 bit transition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#6 Ridiculous
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#27 iAPX432 today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#46 IBM Mainframe at home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#54 Reviving Multics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#23 Intel iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#24 Intel iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#47 Intel 860 and 960, was iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#52 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#60 Will multicore CPUs have identical cores?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#64 Will multicore CPUs have identical cores?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#73 Athlon cache question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#64 Misuse of word "microcode"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#46 Performance and Capacity Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#47 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#42 Why is zSeries so CPU poor?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#44 Any resources on VLIW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#15 "25th Anniversary of the Personal Computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#36 Oracle Introduces Oracle VM As It Leaps Into Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#54 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#32 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#22 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#52 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#13 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#18 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#46 U.S. begins inquiry of IBM in mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#74 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#1 IA64
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#45 IA64
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#8 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#40 Faster image rotation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#22 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#7 RISCversus CISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#91 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#79 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#2 68000 assembly language programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#15 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#42 i432 on Bitsavers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#14 International Business Marionette
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#57 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#33 Delay between idea and implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#75 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#23 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#107 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#62 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#63 PL/I advertising

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

what is 3380 E?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: what is 3380 E?
Date: 08 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
long winded post from a couple years ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#70

Original 3380 had 20 track width spacing between tracks with 885 tracks per platter. then 3380E (1985) doubled the numbers of tracks to 1770 by cutting spacing between tracks in half, then 3380K (1987) cut the spacing between tracks again, increasing to 2655 tracks.

Thin film heads originally dependent on "air-bearing" simulation ... at the time being done on SJR (bldg28) 370/195 with turn-around of week or two (even with priority processing). Bldg. 15 got engineering 3033 for product testing ... but I had rewritten i/o supervisor so could put operating system on all the machines in bldg 14 & 15 ... and run online service. Product testing was only using a couple percent of the 3033 ... so had almost whole dedicated 3033 for other purposes. One of the things was setting up being able to run air bearing simulation getting several turn-arounds/day (earlier, they had tried running MVS in that environment but it had 15mins MTBF ... requiring manual re-ipl). Even later when getting ready for first 3380 release to customers, they had error simulation regression test ... MVS was still crashing in all cases ... and in 2/3rds of the cases there was no evidence of what caused the crash ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801015

old posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

aka, one of my hobbies was producing and supporting enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters ... HONE was long time customer since just about its inception after 23Jun1969 unbundling announcement.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Bldg 14 (disk engineering) and bldg 15 (disk product test) became customers also. Then they started insisting that I come over and play disk engineer also

As an aside I did a internal report about work done for the engineering and product test labs ... and had a passing reference to the experience with MVS 15min MTBF ... which brought down the wrath of the POK MVS organization on my head ... I was later told they would have had me terminated if they could have figured out how ... but they were able to think up some number of other things.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Misc. Success of Failure

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Misc. Success of Failure
Date: 11 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
We were tangentially involved in this, but didn't know it at the time, beltway bandits have found that they make more money off series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
Last decade there was enormous uptic in gov. outsourcing, 70percent of intelligence budget and over half the people outsourced to mostly private-equity subsidiaries ... including Snowden's employer (some number of companies that had subcontracted clearances were found to just filling out the paperwork and not actually doing background checks, under heavy pressure by their parents to cut corners and generate revenue). A major item of the 2008 campaign was reverse the enormous outsourcing, but appears to have left things pretty much as was in previous administration
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Director shelves working $3M ThinThread for multi-billion dollar Trailblazer that doesn't work
https://www.whistleblower.org/bio-william-binney-and-j-kirk-wiebe

Success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

Note the whistleblowers were charged under the 1917 espionage/treason act for reporting to the responsible (cleared) congressional oversight committee (as required by law) ... effectively for threatening beltway bandits revenue flow. More than 5yrs later, the charges were eventually dropped. The jokes on them, the problems were used as excuse to increase the money.

20yrs ago, we consulted on new dataprocessing for 2000 census essentially for free. When census was audited by another agency, census had me up in front of the room answering tje questions all day. Then we met with senior congressional staffer responsible for VA about doing something similar for VA dataprocessing but it was major threat to beltway bandit revenue flow (VA were just coming off a failed billion dollar dataprocessing modernization and gearing up for repeat). Then early in the century, we got a call to respond to an unclassified BAA by IC-ARDA (since renamed IARPA) which basically said that none of the stuff they had did the job, this was a BAA which nobody had responded to and also closed that day. We got in a response and then had several meetings demonstrating that we could do what was required ... and then heard nothing. After the 2007 (success of failure) article came out, we suspected that we had been dealing with the people on the wrong side of the beltway bandits.

OPM hack was avoidable, says congressional report (actually outsourced to private equity subsidiary)
http://www.pcworld.com/article/3117352/opm-hack-was-avoidable-says-congressional-report.html
OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
OPM contractors in the crosshairs
https://fcw.com/articles/2015/06/24/house-oversight-opm.aspx
How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them (also references oil rig company that was transformed into one of the largest defense contractors after former SECDEF and future VP becomes CEO, including no-bid contracts in Iraq)
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/

used to be called ic-arda
https://web.archive.org/web/20050828171703/http://www.ic-arda.org/about_arda.htm
now called iarpa
http://www.iarpa.gov/whatis.html
had somewhat long term relationship, they've been using software I've done since back as WSU undergraduate days ... but it was long time later before I ever found out:
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

We are brought in as consultants to small client/server because they want to do payment transactions on their server; the startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they want to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I had absolute authority for operations between commerce servers and payment gateway (interfaces to the payment networks), but could only make recommendations on the server/browser interface. Almost immediately they violate several of the recommendations which continue to account for many of the exploits that continue to this day.

Somewhat for having done "electronic commerce" we are ask to participate in X9A10 financial standard working group which had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial industry for *ALL* retail payments.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

One of the participants in X9A10 is from NSCC, and we are asked in to NSCC (since merged with DTC forming DTCC) to look at improving the integrity of trading transactions. I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying the work is being suspended because a side effect of the improved integrity would have greatly increased transaction visibility and transparency (which is antithetical to wallstreet culture, still before HFT, so only about 1/3rd of the transactions couldn't stand light of the day).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_%26_Clearing_Corporation

We would alternate between staying at the WTC Marriott (which the towers fell on) and the Financial Marriott (since renamed), couple blocks down the street (has Roy's Restaurant, we had discovered Roy's on Kauai Poipu)

Eearlier in the 90s, before
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1993_World_Trade_Center_bombing
we had meetings with SIAC about "no single point of failure" dataprocessing systems (SIAC since wholly owned NYSE). At the time, their offices were in WTC
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Securities_Industry_Automation_Corporation

For X9A10, I work on protocol and chip for making all electronic transactions safe. Then the business people get involved, financial institutions have a significant "fraud" surcharge on electronic transactions. Safe transactions would have eliminated that surcharge (upwards of $60B/year) and commoditized the transaction business (enabling more competition). Lots of related patents (all assigned)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

I'm making semi-facetious comments that my chip is at least as good as anything the gov. is doing. Technical director to the Information Assurance Directorite (other side of the agency) has an assurance panel in the trusted computer tract at IDF and asks me to participate
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp+s13

The person running the trusted computing chip is sitting in the front row, so I say its nice to see their TPM is beginning to look more and more like my chip over the past couple years. He then quips back that I haven't had a committee of 200 people trying to help me with my design.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Misc. Success of Failure

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Misc. Success of Failure
Date: 12 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure

Summer after freshman year, got job working for the plumber. He had contract with project in Idaho and put me on full time on that job ... started out digging ditches. After first two semesters had no callouses and by the end of the first day the blisters were forming, by the end of the 2nd day all the blisters had broken and its was another few days before the pain lets up. After another couple weeks, the main contractor made me foreman on the job (three 9man crews) ... i could read blue prints, run transit ... but still did as much ditch digging as anybody else on the job. It was remote location and so supplies had to be shipped in ... so I also had to manage the supply chain ... I would get in early and walk the job to figure out supplies that would be needed ... because it would take 2-3 days for delivery. Spring rain had put the project behind schedule ... so by the end of July started working 12hr days monday-saturday and 8hrs on sunday (83hr work weeks) ... got double time, triple time, and quadruple time ... before WSU starts again.

I was nerd in k-12 but never worried about fitting in ... never really occurred to me that was necessary. And then I became nerd at WSU ... had my 1st computer class my sophomore year ... and then the university hired me fulltime to be responsible for their production mainframe systems (takes a little longer to graduate since fulltime status capped maximum hrs could take per semester). University would shutdown their datacenter on the weekends, so I had the whole place to myself from 8am saturday until 8am monday ... 48hrs w/o sleep made it a little hard whenever I had monday morning class.

possible all this part of growing up expected to do full days grownup work from very young age, reference posted in this reference about learning to drive (mentioned upthread)

I've periodically told story about achievement test at end of 5th grade and there was math question I had no idea what it was:


2x + y = 5
x + y = 3

I asked and was told it was "algebra" ... and I thought it was very unfair to have something on the test that I had no idea what it was. That summer I would check out (and finish) every math book from the county bookmobile (up through high school trig).

After I graduated and joined IBM ... IBM was rapidly expanding and after six months asked me if I would become a manger. I asked to read the official IBM managers manual over the weekend. I came back on Monday and said it probably wouldn't be a good idea, my experience as a manager with resolving issues with workers involved attitude re-adjustment in the parking lot. They never asked me again. I would joke that if I stopped being technically competent, I might consider becoming a manager. Later, may account why I felt affinity when I met John Boyd ... some reference to Boyd in recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#2 Does OODA-loop observation carry a lot of baggage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer

"There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question." Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF 1927-1997

From the dedication of Boyd Hall, United States Air Force Weapons School, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. 17 September 1999


Other Boyd background, Chuck wrote this tribute for USNI Proceedings after Boyd passes ... for non-members it is here at the wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20011224132049/http://www.infowar.com/iwftp/cspinney/c199.txt

from Ghetto Colonel:

He built up his defenses by eschewing careerism and materialism, which left the generals and bureaucrats nothing to work on, no opportunity to gain leverage on him, no bait to tempt him into corruption. The Ghetto Colonel became an impenetrable fortress, a bastion of moral power in a way that Mohandas Gandhi would have easily understood. From the perspective of the bureaucracy's authoritarian mentality, however, the man was certifiably insane; even worse, he was completely out of control.

... snip ...

Hugh Laurie (actor on TV House) wrote a novel about the military-industrial complex ... including some of the things they used for leverage. He also references Boyd and Boyd's OODA-loop in the novel. Gun Seller, and loc4605-11

The day Alexander Woolf decided to take on the military-industrial complex was the day everything changed. For him, for his family, for his business. Things changed quickly, and they changed for good. Roused from its slumber, the military-industrial complex lifted a great, lazy paw, and swatted him away, as if he were no more than a human being. They cancelled his existing contracts and withdrew possible future ones. They bankrupted his suppliers, disrupted his labour force, and investigated him for tax evasion. They bought his company's stock in a few months and sold it in a few hours, and when that didn't do the trick, they accused him of trading in narcotics. They even had him thrown out of the St Regis, for not replacing a fairway divot.

... snip ...

Boyd posts & WWW URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Computers
Date: 13 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#41 Misc. Success of Failure

There is a joke ... you can tell those out in front by the arrows in their back (upsetting the status quo).

In my executive interview on leaving IBM ... one of the things I was told, they could have forgiven me for being wrong ... but they were never going to forgive me for being right

I got terminal at home Mar1970 for online accesses. One of my hobbies at IBM was producing and supporting enhanced operating systems for internal (mainframe) datacenters ... and so lots of internal datacenters would let me use their computers .... somewhat similar to previous references to when I was undergraduate, WSU hired me fulltime to be responsible for their production mainframe systems .. and the univ. would shutdown datacenter from 8am sat. to 8am monday ... and let me have the whole place all to myself for 48hrs (although I've mentioned that when I had monday morning class, 48hrs w/o sleep made class a little difficult)

I don't keep any, when I get new computer, I give old ones away to relatives. I've keep a lot of digital records ... but not old hardware ... some of old email (only a couple prior to 1977 ... more than a decade worth of records from 60s up until 1977 were destroyed in unfortunate incident)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html

I claim to be one of the longest "ML" programmer. GML was invented at the cambridge sicence center in 1969 (nearly 50yrs ago), a decade later it becomes international ISO SGML standard, after another decade it morphs into HTML at CERN. First webserver in US (and outside Europe) was on SLAC VM370 system (also invented at the cambridge center center in the mid-60 (over 50yrs ago). SLAC reference:
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

posts mentioning GML, SGML, HTML, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

Before I graduate, I'm talked into "fulltime" job with Boeing to help form Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing in an independent business unit to better monetize the investment). At the time, I thought that (Boeing) Renton datacenter was possibly the largest in the world (with something like $300M in IBM computers, 60s dollars). Later I meet John Boyd who talks about telling McNamara that the electronics across the trail wouldn't work ... and I guess somewhat as punishment he is put in charge of "spook base" (about the same time I'm at Boeing). Boyd's biography says that "spook base" was a $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (again in 60s dollars). "spook base" reference (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine):
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Boyd posts & WWW URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

re: looking for <1970s computers, "spook base" mentions having some 1130+2250 which cost only $100K in the 60s (as opposed to big mainframes that started at several million). Cambridge Science Center had one, and "Ed" had ported "space wars" (from MIT PDP1). In early 70s, my kids would come in and play "space wars" on weekends. reference (mentions only about 1000 of them)
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/2250.html

posts mentioning cambridge science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1970--a family gets a home computer

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1970--a family gets a home computer
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 14 Sep 2016 09:14:47 -0700
Sarr Blumson <sarr.blumson@alum.dartmouth.org> writes:
Note the "silent". In 1970 we (ADP) had (large) suitcase things to make 33s "portable". With an acoustic coupler. I took one home a couple of times. But everyone complained about the noise.

Mar1970 I got luggable 2741 at home ... two 40lb(?) cases (anderson?) ... replaced next month (april 1970) by real 2741. cambridge science center had plexiglass covering for the top paper opening ... two holes cut for the two little tabs that stuck up (used to pull the rollers that kept the paper against the back roller) ... it was constructed so there was thin gap in the back that allowed paper to enter/leave. cut down on the noise from the typeball striking the paper.

science center also had a board that balanced on the frame around the 2741 ... wide part on one side, narrow on the other side and wide anough in the back to hold a paper tray ... looked like wide in/out basket. The paper tray was about six inch high ... to hold stack of fan fold paper ... frequently standard green bar printer paper reversed feed so it printed on the back, white side. The printed output then went on the top shelf of the printer tray. Frequently just had a whole box of printer paper on the floor behind the 2741 feeding through the paper tray (instead of small stack of fan-fold paper in the tray). The wide part of the board was 18 inch (24inch?) wide ... and mostly on the right side ... but could be turned upside-down and placed on left side.

all i have left is 2741 apl typeball.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#36

posts mentioning science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

image shows that frame around keyboard wasn't wide enough to set anything
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_2741

this shows the front rollers holding paper down ... it had small tabs on each side that could pull rollers away from paper ... to make it easier to feed paper
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/2741.html

this mentions they had 2741 with tractor feed engaging perforated paper. while we frequently used perforated paper, none of the 2741s I used had sprockets on the sides to engage side perforations, just tension/friction holding paper between rollers.
http://www.multicians.org/terminals.html

the 2741 "carriage" was wide enough to feed wide printer paper (with perforations on each side), but also frequently used with 8.5inch wide paper

misc. old posts mentioning 2741:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#2 360/67, was Re: IBM's Project F/S ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#15 unit record & other controllers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#2 Schedulers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#33a High Speed Data Transport (HSDT)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#9 cics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#12 IBM song
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#30 interdata and perkin/elmer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#37 interdata & perkin/elmer machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#39 Mainframes & Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#22 Pre S/360 IBM Operating Systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#25 Early RJE Terminals (was Re: First Network?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#2 CP-67 (was IBM 360 DOS (was Is Win95 without DOS...))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#29 Drive letters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#32 Drive letters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#49 Edsger Dijkstra: the blackest week of his professional life
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#37 why is there an "@" key?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#42 Enter fonts (was Re: Unix case-sensitivity: how did it originate?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#43 Enter fonts (was Re: Unix case-sensitivity: how did it originate?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#51 Internet and/or ARPANET?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#76 Mainframes at Universities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#77 Are mainframes relevant ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#92 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#109 OS/360 names and error codes (was: Humorous and/or Interesting Opcodes)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1970--a family gets a home computer

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1970--a family gets a home computer
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 14 Sep 2016 09:40:33 -0700
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
I took a Silent 700 home a few times and impressed the hell out of a neighbor - it was like magic to him.

I think it must have introduced the word "luggable" into the vocabulary. 38 pounds hanging straight down on you arm is not very portable. I wonder if keeping a roll of paper at home would have helped? I always guessed that the paper was coated with lead. A power transformer does not weigh anywhere near 38 pounds so where else, other than the paper does that 38 pounds come from?


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#43 1970--a family gets a home computer

summer 1977, my home 2741 was replaced with CDI miniterm ... had built in acoustic coupler and I think similar to silent 700

post with picture of cdi-miniterm, (replaced with) ibm 3101 glass teletype and ibm/pc (used as terminal at home, wasn't able to find any pictures of my home 2741)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#51

another post with miniterm pictures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#16

miniterm reference here:
http://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102735382
and
http://www.ricomputermuseum.org/Home/small-systems-at-ricm/miniterm-portable-computer-terminal

I have some vague recollection being told that in 1968, 2741 terminal cost $6k. web references says that new 1970 cars were priced around $3k (half the price of 2741 terminal)
http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1996-06-16/travel/9606160132_1_family-income-car-prices-household

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 14 Sep 2016 12:58:32 -0700
Rikishi42 <skunkworks@rikishi42.net> writes:
I allways found it weird that is was possible to lose one's pension, even when the company goes down completely. A pension is something that should be paid to an independant fund just as frequently as you're getting paid. That way it doesn't matter if a company fails before your pension starts. You allready got the money.

besides the things done by the new CEO
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
other refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

there was a legal action brought against the company ... apparently being part of corporations that lobbied congress in the 90s to allow pension plans to be shifted from a liability to an asset ... the basis was then in any bankruptcy ... the pension plan could be treated as an asset by creditors. listing pension plan as asset increased value per share boosting stock price ... and was significant help in the new CEO making thier substantial bonus plan objectives. past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#46 independent appraisers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#58 What is holding back cloud adoption?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#61 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#67 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#49 The Original IBM Basic Beliefs for those that have never seen them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#6 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#91 Open Books Stop Self-Dealing and Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#62 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#81 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#0 IBM is Absolutely Down For The Count

this is separate from allowing corporations to have multiple subsidiaries and freedom to fix which subsidiary profit was declared in. Saw this in the airline industry in the 80s & 90s where profit from airline operations subsidiary was booked in the ticket sale subsidiary ... airline operations could declare bankruptcy and dump the pension plans on the government while the parent company was still making substantial overall profit ... the profit from ticket sales were substantially more than losses in the operations side. some past PBGC (government pension benefit guaranty corporation) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#47 Public key and the authority problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#91 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#26 2007 Year in Review on Mainframes - Interesting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#65 As Expected, Ford Falls From 2nd Place in U.S. Sales
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#38 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#13 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#94 Bankruptcy a reprieve for some companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#8 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#90 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#88 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

later in this century ... it evolves to moving the corporate entities where profit is booked to offshore tax havens ... avoiding US taxes also. This is seen in the recent apple case ... where Apple was booking majority of its profits in a operation in Ireland that was little more than a shoebox in some office (along with lots of other corporate shoeboxes).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
The Panama Papers
https://panamapapers.icij.org/
Swiss Leaks: Murky Cash Sheltered by Bank Secrecy
https://www.icij.org/project/swiss-leaks
Luxembourg Leaks: Global Companies' Secrets Exposed
https://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1970--a family gets a home computer

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1970--a family gets a home computer
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 18 Sep 2016 14:37:24 -0700
hancock4 writes:
--Leased telephone lines for high volume data transmission and on-line services dropped in price yet became more reliable.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#43 1970--a family gets a home computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#44 1970--a family gets a home computer

early 80s we were doing T1 (1.5mbyte/sec) and faster speed links ... and working with director of NSF ... were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers ... then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding, the director of NSF tries to help by writting the company a letter (with support from other agencies) copying the CEO ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional centers connect into the centers, it evolves into the NSFNET backbone ... precursor to modern internet. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

mid-80s we are having some equipment built on the other side of the pacific. On the friday before a visit, the communication groups distributes announcement for new online "networking" discussion group with the following definitions:


low-speed:       <9.6kbits
medium-speed:    19.2kbits
high-speed:      56kbits
very high-speed: 1.5mbits

on Monday morning, in a conference room on the other side of the pacific was the following definitions

low-speed:       <20mbits
medium-speed:    100mbits
high-speed:      200-300mbits
very high-speed: >600mbits

recent ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#82 Qbasic - lies about Medicare

some old HSDT project email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#hsdt

In this time-frame, the communication group makes a presentation to the corporate executive committee why mainframe customers won't need T1 support until well into the 90s. An issue was that the 37x5 boxes only supported up to 56kbits. The 37x5 boxes did have "fat pipes" ... gang 2 or more parallel 56kbit links as single logical link. They showed the IBM customer use of fat pipes with 2, 3, 4, etc links ... dropping to zero by 6 links.

Either the communication group had no knowledge of the telco industry or just omitted the information in the report to the corporate executive committee ... but at the time, telco tariffs for full speed T1 1.5mbit link were about the same as 5or6 56kbit links. In a trivial survey we found 200 mainframe customers with T1 links ... but had switched to non-IBM box to drive the links at full speed.

Further aside, during part of the NSF "RFP" period, there was lots of internal misinformation about how communication group products could be used (misinformation not just by the communication group). Somebody on the distribution, packaged them up and sent us a copy. I've posted a heavily clipped and redacted version (to protect the guilty) here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

trivia: the "winning" NSF RFP response actually only installs 440kbit links (although the RFP calls for T1, 1.5mbits). Then to sort of look like they were satisfying the RFP, they install T1 trunks with telco multiplexors running multiple 440kbit links over the T1 trunks. I periodically ridicule saying why don't you call it a T5 network (... since possibly the T1 trunks were in turn multiplexed over T5, 400mbits trunks at some point).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

British socialism / anti-trust

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: British socialism / anti-trust
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 18 Sep 2016 14:53:01 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Other types of deaths, even if they are significantly less frequent, could be reduced, at costs many members of the public _are_ willing to pay (or, to be fair, willing to have someone else pay), but this is not happening. And, so, when they seek to have this corrected, bringing up the fact that traffic deaths are a larger item on the fatality ledger is indeed regarded as a distraction... and, I would think, it is entirely proper and reasonable that it should be so regarded.

last week there were several web references that the sugar industry fudged scientific reports in the 50s (similar to what the tobacco industry was doing) ... last night finally saw it reported on national news. I've made references in the past to "merchants of doubt" (starts with the tobacco industry) "scientists" and public relations people "for hire" that specialize in spinning facts for the public.

"merchants of doubt" also overlaps some with the military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
where some of the same people are involved with "team b" ... spinning facts to support increases in military spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

also in the 50s, USAF had fabricated the "bomber gap" ... one of the things to remember about the U2 flts, was that it debunked the USAF fabrication, contributing to Eisenhower's warning about the military-industrial-complex

past "merchants of doubt" refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#16 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#5 Lessons Learned from the Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#7 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#52 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#44 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#31 An insider's story of the global attack on climate science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#22 $40 billion missile defense system proves unreliable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#73 10 Big Fat Lies and the Liars Who Told Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#100 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#34 43rd President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#63 12 Reasons America Doesn't Win Its Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#1 Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Report: Nearly $5 Trillion Spent on Iraq and Afghanistan Wars So Far

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Report: Nearly $5 Trillion Spent on Iraq and Afghanistan Wars So Far
Date: 18 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
Report: Nearly $5 Trillion Spent on Iraq and Afghanistan Wars So Far
http://www.military.com/daily-news/2016/09/13/report-nearly-5-trillion-spent-on-iraq-afghanistan-wars-so-far.html

Part of the original justification for Iraq2 was that it would *ONLY* cost $50B ... now the two wars are heading for 100 times that. Maybe the $50B was only what they were planning on skimming ... reports of air lifts of $60B in pallets of shrink wrap $100 bills disappearing. This
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

has corporate representatives telling former eastern block countries that if they vote for Iraq invasion, they would get NATO membership and USAID (that can only be used) to buy "modern" US-made weapons.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
(Iraq) WMDs posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

past estimates wars 100 times more than the $50B claim
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#32 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#50 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#51 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#38 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 20 Sep 2016 13:52:56 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Now WU is used to send money home to Guatemala.

WU was on the ropes in the 90s, FDC & first financial were somewhat in bidding war, and FDC dropped out. Later in the 90s, FDC & First Financial merged and FDC had to divest MoneyGram (i.e. lots of AMEX dataprocessing and other business units were spunoff in 1992 as FDC in the largest IPO up until that time). After the start of the century with the huge influx in illegal workers sending money home, by 2005, WU represented half of FDC bottom line (in something like 5yrs after start of century had gone from being on the ropes to enormously profitable) ... and WU was spun off in a separate IPO. Part of this was the president of Mexico had invited FDC executives to Mexico to be thrown in jail ... for the enormous cut they were taking in workers' paychecks.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT:  DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 20 Sep 2016 14:16:47 -0700
hancock4 writes:
FWIW, in my humble opinion, Wall Street crooks worked hard to develop laws that protected investors and screwed pensioners when a company got into trouble.

IBM retirement group sued IBM as part of that. When the former president of AMEX was brought in to be CEO ... had lavish bonus based on things like stock value. Part of that was getting congress to pass a law that allowed pension fund to be treated as asset ... rather than liability, downside was that it is subject to creditors in a bankruptcy. Moving pension fund to asset boosted the value/share ... boosting price/share ... it was one-time thing tho. Other techniques was similar to those used at RJR ...AMEX & KKR had been in competition for private-equity LBO of RJR, KKR wins but runs into trouble and hires away president of AMEX to turn it around
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
then is hired away to be head of IBM) ...
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

The CEO made bonus plan and left, later CEOs had to come up with other ways of boosting share ... most of this century has been with stock buybacks. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

slightly related mention in recent post ... AMEX in 1992 spins off FDC in larges IPO up until that time.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#49 old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising

after FDC spins off WU, and 15yrs after FDC is spun off in largest IPO up until that time, KKR does a private-equity reverse IPO (LBO) of FDC in the largest LBO up until that time.

also, other wallstreet entities contributed to 401k lobbying in the 90s ... institutional pension plans had been negotiating extremely small minimal fees. wallstreet saw big income boost with 401ks since the aggregate fees charged for all the individual 401k was way larger than what they were getting from the large institutional pension plans.

The large institutional pension plans were also looted in other ways ... wallstreet found that they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings and sell the toxic CDOs to pension funds restricted to "safe investments". Being able to pay for triple-A rating significantly contributed to doing over $27T in 2001-2008 ... and accounted for something like 30% loss in those funds. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT:  DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 21 Sep 2016 15:29:32 -0700
Morten Reistad <first@last.name.invalid> writes:
No, Social Security is at par with the state pensions. Pension funds funded by companies as part of the salary package exists on both sides of the pond, except here they are rigorously separated from the company. They have to pay an estimate (within 10%) every month, and have to settle it to the last cent by next june 1st (earlier in some countries). This is at par with the corporate pension funds in the US. In addition there are private pension funds, which are roughly even on both sides.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#45 OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#50 OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions

note stockman takes credit for diverting social security funds in the 80s for military-industrial(-congressional) complex spending ... even pushing through increasing social security taxes so there would be even more to divert for the MICC. recent item from stockman

David Stockman On Why The Reagan Revolution Failed And Trump Arose
http://davidstockmanscontracorner.com/david-stockman-on-why-the-reagan-revolution-failed-and-trump-arose/
David Stockman is a former Republican congressman from Michigan and was President Reagan's budget director from 1981 to 1985

... snip ...

MICC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

last decade there were periodic significant pushes to allow wallstreet to take over control of social security ... the downside for congress was there actually wasn't any money there.

however they did managed to translate new pensions into individual 401Ks because wallstreet got significant higher fees from individual 401Ks than they could get from the large pension funds. However, the managed to loot the large institutional pension funds in other ways ... they were restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments ... but managed to pay for triple-A ratings on junk assets and then sell them to the large institutional pension funds (being able to pay for triple-A ratings on such junk largely enabled being able to do over $27T 2001-2008)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

there have a number of articles about the FED working with wallstreet in conjunction with ZIRP funding. Large pension funds made projections based on assumptions about investment ROI ... but with ZIRP eliminating most traditional ROI ... it has been forcing funds into much more risky activity more of the type of "junk bonds" from the 80s ... i.e. the industry had gotten such a bad reputation during the S&L crisis that the industry changed its name to "private equity" and "junk bonds" became "high-yield bonds".
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

other trivia, during the 80s, the VP (and former CIA director) said he had no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

then last decade another family member presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis.

most recent in the news is (california state) CALPERS and wallstreet (but there is periodic news about other states).

How a pension deal went wrong and cost California taxpayers billions
http://www.latimes.com/projects/la-me-pension-crisis-davis-deal/

and
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/01/why-is-calpers-understating-its-cost-of-investing-in-private-by-roughly-1-6-billion-meaning-80.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/01/calpers-ceo-anne-stausboll-to-retire-june-30.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/02/calpers-calstrs-board-member-betty-yee-asks-the-sec-to-rescue-public-pension-funds-from-themselves.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/02/calpers-takes-on-risk-where-federal-government-fears-to-tread-provides-liquidity-to-a-central-counterparty-on-the-cheap.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/02/more-evidence-that-the-calpers-board-and-staff-do-not-understand-finance.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/02/california-treasurer-and-calpers-board-member-john-chiang-introduces-private-equity-transparency-bill.html
http://www.citywatchla.com/index.php/the-la-beat/10734-the-calpers-soap-opera-getting-weirder-and-weider
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/04/how-calpers-was-taken-by-private-equity-firm-silver-lake.html
http://blogs.wsj.com/moneybeat/2016/05/04/why-calpers-wants-you-to-use-the-indiana-toll-road/
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/05/calpers-fiduciary-counsel-robert-klausner-calls-calpers-divestiture-of-tobacco-stocks-a-violation-of-fiduciary-duty.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/05/calpers-invests-in-toll-road-even-thought-those-deals-never-make-money.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/05/calpers-uses-unqualified-expert-to-validate-its-deficient-compliance-and-risk-management-structure.html
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-06-01/spectacular-breach-trust-former-calpers-ceo-sentenced-prison-years-bribery
http://fortune.com/2016/06/01/ceo-calpers-prison-bribery/
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/06/calpers-th-lee-row-over-private-equity-fee-abuses-demonstrates-failure-of-sec-oversight.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/07/oc-register-calpers-expected-to-show-multi-billion-loss-for-fiscal-year-ended-june-30-2016.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/07/how-treasurer-chiangs-designee-grant-boyken-duped-calpers-board-to-the-detriment-of-taxpayers-and-beneficiaries.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/07/calpers-announces-preliminary-returns-of-0-6-when-target-is-7-5.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/07/calpers-reported-that-it-made-less-in-private-equity-than-its-general-partners-did.html
http://www.citywatchla.com/index.php/the-la-beat/11493-calpers-private-equity-and-the-quest-to-be-governor
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/07/after-supporting-treasurer-chiangs-private-equity-transparency-bill-in-public-calpers-gutted-it-behind-the-scenes.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/07/meet-calpers-board-member-bill-slaton-who-puts-kow-towing-to-private-equity-over-beneficiaries-and-california-taxpayers.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/08/bill-gross-chides-calpers-for-its-7-5-returns-assumption-illinois-set-to-lower-target.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/08/calpers-tainted-fiduciary-counsel-robert-klausner-departs-after-nc-publicizes-his-dubious-history.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/08/calpers-board-general-counsel-illegally-silence-naked-capitalism-even-as-we-try-to-help.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

U.S. Big Banks: A Culture of Crime

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: U.S. Big Banks: A Culture of Crime
Date: 21 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
U.S. Big Banks: A Culture of Crime
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-09-20/us-big-banks-culture-crime

The Best Way to Rob a Bank is to Own One
https://www.amazon.com/Best-Way-Rob-Bank-Own-ebook/dp/B00H5B9Z80/

How to Make Sure Bad Bankers Are Held Accountable
http://www.americanbanker.com/bankthink/how-to-make-sure-bad-bankers-are-held-accountable-1091410-1.html

i.e. Too Big to Fail also became Too Big to Prosecute and Too Big to Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Wells Fargo CEO's Teflon Don Act Backfires at Senate Hearing; "I Take Full Responsibility" Means Anything But
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/09/wells-fargo-ceos-teflon-don-act-backfires-at-senate-hearing-i-take-full-responsibility-means-anything-but.html

Elizabeth Warren Hammers Wells Fargo CEO: 'You Should Be Criminally Investigated' John Stumpf admitted no senior bank executives have been held accountable in the scam.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/elizabeth-warren-john-stumpf-wells-fargo_us_57e1591ee4b04a1497b6caae

Claims have been that it should be trivial to apply Sarbanes-Oxley ... and bypass all the other stuff ... however I've wanted RICO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Breaking: ICIJ and media partners reveal details of latest offshore leak

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Breaking: ICIJ and media partners reveal details of latest offshore leak
Date: 21 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
Breaking: ICIJ and media partners reveal details of latest offshore leak
https://www.publicintegrity.org/2016/09/21/20243/breaking-icij-and-media-partners-reveal-details-latest-offshore-leak

Former EU Official Among Politicians Named in New Leak of Offshore Files from The Bahamas
https://www.icij.org/offshore/former-eu-official-among-politicians-named-new-leak-offshore-files-bahamas

Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
https://www.icij.org/offshore

tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

U.S. Big Banks: A Culture of Crime

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: U.S. Big Banks: A Culture of Crime
Date: 21 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#52 U.S. Big Banks: A Culture of Crime

The Wells Fargo Scandal Was By Design
http://www.ianwelsh.net/the-wells-fargo-scandal-was-by-design/
The only way this sort of thing will stop is if senior management, the CEO and board members start being charged with crimes. Use RICO statutes to say it was organized crime (it was), and take their money. Assign them public defenders. Even if they don't go to jail (and if they do, it should be to nasty maximum security penitentiaries) they will lose a decade of their life defending the case, and will serve as a genuine deterrent to other financial fraudsters.

... snip ...

too big to fail (too big to prosecute and too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Congress, most corrupt institution on earth

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Congress, most corrupt institution on earth
Date: 22 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
First major act after congress allowed fiscal responsibility act (required spending not exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt) to expire in 2002 was medicare part-d. CBS 60mins did segment ... 18 republicans were responsible for getting it thru congress ... just before final vote they add one line sentence and prevent CBO from distributing report on the change. 60mins found that within 6months of passing, all 18 had resigned and were on drug industry payroll.

US Comptroller General starts including in speeches that part-d becomes a long-term $40T, totally swamping all other budget items. In the middle of last decade, US Comptroller General also started including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic for how badly they were savaging the budget.

In 2010, CBO does a report on what happened after allowing fiscal responsibility act to expire ... tax revenue was cut by $6T and spending was increased by $6T for a $12T budget gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time that taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Since then there has been some modest cuts in spending but taxes haven't been restored ... so deficit has continued to increase.

What was done to the budget last decade (tax cuts and spending increase) significantly contributes to congress being referred to as the most corrupt institution on earth.

Fiscal Responsibility Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
Medicare Part-D
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d
Comptroller General
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

related to congress and most corrupt institution on earth

VP (and former CIA director) claims he knows nothing about
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade, another family member is presiding over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

1999, I'm asked to work on improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages as part of helping to try and prevent the economic mess. Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages. Then they find they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A rating (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-down, no-documentation, liar loans. Triple-A rating largely enables them to do over $27T 2001-2008, including enabling being able to sell to funds restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds, contributing to current significant shortfalls).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Then in Jan2009, I'm asked to HTML'ize Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress may have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

From the law of unintended consequences ... the largest fines for the too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) is for the robo-signing mills ... fabricating all the documents for the no-document loans.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
Date: 26 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
This account at an annual industry conference in the 40s, they decide to fund a major propaganda campaign equating capitalism with Christianity. The issue was that corporations had gotten extremely bad reputation for the depression and for rebuilding Germany's industry and military during the 20s and 30s ... and they were looking to remake their image. "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration (in NYC) at the Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis, Intrepid, loc1901-4:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become "river of blood," other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.

... snip ...

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy and military during 20s&30s. The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War, loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc873-79:
Sullivan & Cromwell floated the first American bonds issued by the giant German steelmaker and arms manufacturer Krupp A.G., extended I.G. Farben's global reach, and fought successfully to block Canada's effort to restrict the export of steel to German arms makers.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences ... when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program needed location of industrial and military targets in Germany, it got them from wallstreet.

From 5-6 miles high, strategic bombing had trouble actually hitting targets. Later McNamara was LaMay's staff planning fire bombing of German cities (lot harder to miss a whole city) and later Japanese cities. McNamara leaves for the auto industry after the war, but returns as SECDEF for Vietnam where Laos becomes the most bombed country in the world (more tonnage than Germany & Japan combined).

other trivia: US Strategic Bombing Program insisted that all the money go to building strategic bombers (1/3rd of US WW2 budget was for strategic bombers), that long range fighters weren't required. The British tried to explain that the Germans learned that lesson the hard way in the air battle of Britain, but the US insisted that they also learn it the hard way.

"The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct" (no precision strategic bombing), loc2582-85:
The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.

... snip ...

somewhat from propaganda campaign added "under God" to the pledge of allegiance in 1954.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance
and "In God We Trust" in 56,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_God_We_Trust

Fast Tanks and Heavy Bombers: Innovation in the U.S. Army, 1917–1945, pg108/loc2408-9:

The Nye Commission asserted that American armament makers and business interests had dragged the United States into World War I because of their insatiable greed for profits.

pg108/loc2416-18:

The effects of the domestic crisis caused by the depression, coupled with the disillusionment with internationalism over debts and the alleged nefarious dealings of the "merchants of death," created a national consensus for strict neutrality.

... snip ...

Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to 1920 loc6265-74:

XXX. THE LEAGUE TO PERPETUATE WAR The war has just begun. I said that when the Armistice terms were published and when I read the Treaty and the League Covenant I felt more than ever convinced of the justice of my conclusion. The Treaty of Versailles is merely an armistice -- a suspension of hostilities, while the combatants get their wind. There is a war in every chapter of the Treaty and in every section of the League Covenant; war all over the world; war without end so long

... snip ...

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#57 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#10 What Will the Next A-10 Warthog Look Like?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#91 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#90 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Oldest computer in the US government

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Oldest computer in the US government
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 26 Sep 2016 14:53:52 -0700
In HSDT was doing some work with Cyclotomics (UCB company, later bought by Kodak). They had worked on the cdrom standard ... and it was possible to get relatively inexpensive reed-solomon circuits from the cdrom industry.

old a.f.c. post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#27 Data communications over telegraph circuits
about cyclotomics topic talk at stanford colloguium
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#email860414

part of talk was parket radio resend on error, all packets are encoded 15/16s reed-solomon ... for packet in error resend, rather than repeat the same packet, transmit the 1/2 rate viterbi (which is also 15/16s reed-solomon encoded). As signal error rate bases threshold, switch to normally transmitting original packets with 1/2 rate viterbi, as signal quality improves, switch back to only transmitting data packet (and transmitting 1/2 rate viterbi on error).

posts mentioning HSDT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
other posts mentioning cyclotomics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#1 4M pages are a bad idea (was Re: AMD 64bit Hammer CPU and VM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#53 Free Desktop Cyber emulation on PC before Christmas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#27 shirts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#37 Why doesn't Infiniband supports RDMA multicast
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#43 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#29 Just another example of mainframe costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#4 Even worse than UNIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#82 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#23 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#61 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#66 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#46 Follow up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#0 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#58 DASD, Tape and other peripherals attached to a Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#33 SNA vs TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#75 non-IBM: SONY new tape storage - 185 Terabytes on a tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#68 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#9 Fwd: [sqlite] presentation about ordering and atomicity of filesystems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#55 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Funny error messages

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Funny error messages
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 27 Sep 2016 11:20:02 -0700
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
I think over here the main selling point is to prevent unwanted transactions with the contactless payment system that's gaining popularity, you just wave your card at the sensor for small payments. There were reports of people in the queue getting charged instead when they first came out.

static data authentication is a problem ... vulnerable to evesdropping, skimming, etc ... and then replay attack. Magstripe & RFID obviously static data. However, they've even had contact smartcard chips using static data authentication.

there was large pilot in the US around the turn of the century ... during the Yes Card period ... reference at the bottom of this cartes2002 trip report ... gone 404, but lives on at the "wayback machine"
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

Federal LEO gave detailed presentation at ATM Taskforce prompting somebody in the audience to loudly comment that they managed to spend billions of dollars to prove smartcards have worse fraud than magstripe. They had myopic focus on lost/stolen card that they totally overlooked skimming/evesdropping attacks and continued to use static data authentication (even tho skimming/evesdropping attacks have been around since the 80s). Basically used the same skimming/evesdropping attacks to acquire magstripe static authentication data ... which is then used to manufacture counterfeit cards. The difference is that they felt so confident in the integrity of the system, that moved business rules out to the cards ... where the point-of-sale terminals would ask the card if the transaction was approved. Counterfeit cards were programmed to always answer that the transaction was approved. countermeasure to counterfeit magstripe card is to deactivate the online account, there was no countermeasure to counterfeit contact smartcard.

In the wake of the Yes Card, all evidence of the large US ilot appeared to evaporate w/o a trace and conjecture was that it could be long time before it was tried in the US again while the issues were worked out in other jurisdictions.

past Yes Card posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

disclaimer: in the late 90s, I was asked to design a chip that had none of the vulnerabilities of the card associations specification even when operated "contactless". One of the issues for the issues still with the smartcard currently now being (re)deployed in the US (after nearly 15yrs) is that it draws a significant amount of power (requiring contact) and still takes quite a long elapsed time. Turns out in chip design it is sometimes possible to trade-off amount of power with elapsed time. However, I was asked to design a chip that could run off small contactless power, do a transaction in less than 1/10th sec (transit industry turnstyle requirement) and still be more secure than even the contact chips currently being deployed.

had booth and demo at the 1999, world wide BAI retail banking show, ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#217 AADS/X9.59 demo & standards at BAI (world-wide retail banking) show
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#224 X9.59/AADS announcement at BAI this week

This chip was about 200,000 circuits, normal instruction set programmable ... with the implementation and programming cast in silicon. There was a pass designing the function directly in circuits (... rather than computer programming that were then executed by somewhat convential programmable) reduced circuit count to nearly 30,000 (cutting both power and elapsed time).

Major part of the price/chip was chips per wafer ... since manufacturing costs are essentially fixed per wafer. In the late 90s, problem was that size of circuits had shrunk to the point that for chips of few hundred thousand chips/wafer, wafer wastage from cutting was starting to dominate. This was also affecting RFID chips. Fortunately RFID industry prompted new wafer cutting technology that drastically reduced wafer cut wastage.

other past posts mentioning BAI:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#3 [3d-secure] NEWS: 3D-Secure and Passport
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#40 FAQ: e-Signatures and Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#5 DOD prepares for credentialing pilot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#56 two-factor authentication problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#8 Microsoft - will they bungle the security game?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#24 News.com: IBM donates new privacy tool to open-source Higgins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#echeck Electronic Checks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#ppsem1 Payment Processing Seminars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#ppsem3 Payment Processing Seminars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#terror7 [FYI] Did Encryption Empower These Terrorists?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm7.htm#pcards4 FW: The end of P-Cards?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm9.htm#carnivore Shades of FV's Nathaniel Borenstein: Carnivore's "Magic Lantern"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmore.htm#x959demo AADS & X9.59 demos at BAI (annual world-wide retail banking) show in miami next week
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmore.htm#bioinfo1 QC Bio-info leak?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmore.htm#debitfraud Debit card fraud in Canada
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#58 PKI's not working
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#66 Confusing Authentication and Identiification?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/ansiepay.htm#x959bai X9.59/AADS announcement at BAI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#229 Digital Signature on SmartCards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#31 Remove the name from credit cards!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#61 PKI/Digital signature doesn't work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#49 Are client certificates really secure?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#25 ESCON Data Transfer Rate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#24 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#25 the same question was asked in sci.crypt newgroup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#20 A new e-commerce security proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#22 aads strawman/aSuretee at cardtech/securetech ID
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#62 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#13 Today's mainframe--anything to new?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#62 Damn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#32 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#15 The new urgency to fix online privacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#5 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#19 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#2 Payment Card + Digital Signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#79 Bain: A consulting firm too hot to handle? (Fortune, 1987)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#44 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Why Not Pick All Three?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#13 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#21 8080 BASIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#28 more on the 1975 Transaction Telephone set
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#41 Special characters for Passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#52 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#1 FALSE: Reverse PIN Panic Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#75 Were you at SHARE in Seattle? Watch your credit card statements!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#55 Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#6 Is it a lost cause?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Funny error messages

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Funny error messages
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 27 Sep 2016 16:35:49 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Aha, so it's for their convenience, not ours. Silly me, I should have known.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#58 Funny error messages

I really liked being able to take magstripe card out of my wallet, swipe it and put it away, put away wallet, all while clerk is ringing up the purchases.

Now I have to wait & watch the instructions saying do not remove card, and finally it says can remove card ... which takes some amount of time. It is not automatic, it is annoying to have to watch for for it to say that can now remove card. It is now 20yrs since the specification was originally written ... furthermore, it still doesn't work on the internet ... besdies various false-starts like the yes card period
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

MasterCard, Visa seek to speed EMV transactions
http://www.bankingexchange.com/news-feed/item/6213-mastercard-visa-seek-to-speed-emv-transactions

disclaimer: we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, the startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

then somewhat for having done "electronic commerce", we were asked to participate in the financial transaction standard x9a10 working group (over 20yrs ago), that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of *ALL* retail payments (POS, face-to-face, internet, credit, debit, ach, etc. aka *ALL*). Part of the effort was doing end-to-end threat & vulnerability studies of several payment mechanisms as part of creating standard.

past reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Funny error messages

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Funny error messages
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 28 Sep 2016 15:38:22 -0700
Huge <Huge@nowhere.much.invalid> writes:
The limit varies according to whether the card reader is online or not and how many transactions have been made since the card was online last.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#58 Funny error messages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#59 Funny error messages

that is built into the chip issued by the issuing bank ... however it was one of the problems with the counterfeit Yes Cards .... they were programmed to always do offline transactions and always approve a transaction ... regardless of size.

It was one of the things I tried to explain to the people putting together the large US pilot around the turn of the century. They were so myopic focused on lost/stolen cards that they said that the issued (valid) cards would be configured to always do online transactions. They couldn't get it through their head that the issue was with counterfeit "Yes Cards" programmed anyway the crooks wanted to (as opposed to valid cards). It was only when they actually saw it happening that it got through what the problem was.

posts mentioning (counterfet) Yes Card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

other posts mentioning federal leo presentation on Yes Card at ATM Integrity Taskforce meeting:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#41 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#71 Korean bank Moves back to Mainframes (...no, not back)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#97 Korean bank Moves back to Mainframes (...no, not back)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#17 Chip and PIN is Broken!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#21 Credit card data security: Who's responsible?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#24 Cambridge researchers show Chip and PIN system vulnerable to fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#25 Cambridge researchers show Chip and PIN system vulnerable to fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#26 Should the USA Implement EMV?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#27 Should the USA Implement EMV?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#63 Wal-Mart to support smartcard payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#73 A mighty fortress is our PKI, Part II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#48 Is the United States the weakest link when it comes to credit card security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#52 Payment Card Industry Pursues Profits Over Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#81 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#0 CARD AUTHENTICATION TECHNOLOGY - Embedded keypad on Card - Is this the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#2 Fun with ATM Skimmers, Part III
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#18 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#71 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#39 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#9 Anyone sceptically about about Two Factor Authentication?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#55 Mythbusters Banned From Discussing RFID By Visa And Mastercard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 Password shortcomings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#33 Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#35 The Conceptual ATM program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#67 Protecting Pin Pad Payment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#50 What will contactless payment do to security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#59 Crypto Facility performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#17 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#20 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#69 Why is the US a decade behind Europe on 'chip and pin' cards?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#17 Online Debit, Credit Fraud Will Soon Get Much Worse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#79 EMV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#67 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#42 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#51 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#39 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#5 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#12 Did 1st EMV transaction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#74 Were you at SHARE in Seattle? Watch your credit card statements!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#55 Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#51 Penn Central PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#73 The chip card transition in the US has been a disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#74 The chip card transition in the US has been a disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#34 The chip card transition in the US has been a disaster

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Funny error messages

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Funny error messages
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 28 Sep 2016 16:31:22 -0700
Michael Black <et472@ncf.ca> writes:
I bought something last week, and the poor cashier had to punch endless buttons as a result. It was an odd item, so I suspect someone hadn't put it into the system, so the barcode reader didn't work, and she was finally programming it. That's a guess, she was punching a lot more buttons than just to enter the price.

times I've seen that, they are looking up SKU code and then typing it in .... keeping inventory up-to-date.

simpler is when the sku code is printed with the bar-code ... then they just have to manually type in sku code ... rather than having to look it up first.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

remote system support (i.e. the data center is 2 states away from you)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: remote system support (i.e. the data center is 2 states away from you).
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Thu, 29 Sep 2016 09:23:00 -0700
edgould1948@COMCAST.NET (Edward Gould) writes:
Brian:

One of there specific episodes we had was that the master console was the only one that was "talking". As to other options you = listed the auditors cut them off years ago and no use arguing with them (BTDT). As for HMC remote access again the auditors wouldn't allow it no matter how much we argued (besides I sort of agree with them on the HMC issue).

I won't go into the old xmas party story I use regularly on here and what could happen.

Ed


For CP67 in the 60s to move to keeping the system available 7x24 a number of things were done for online use. Part of it was reducing the cost of operating off-shift ... dark room, no operator onsite, etc.

Initially offshift was very light, not justifying the cost of keeping the system up ... but w/o 7x24 availability it wouldn't encourage non-primetime online use.

Part of support was allowing "operator's console" to be other than the 1052-7 system console. Other part was auto fast failures with automatic reboot and system up w/o manual intervention.

This was still in the days of when systems were leased with charges based on the "system meter". The "system meter" ran whenver the processor and/or any channels was busy. One trick was channel program that would let channels go idle, but would instantly wake up for any arriving characters. Another issue was that the "system meter" would continue to run for 400milliseconds after all processing and channels were completely idle. Lots of system work was to allow "system meter" to stop (no rental/leased charges) when system idle, but immediately activate when there was anything to do. Trivia: MVS had a system time task that woke up every 400milliseconds long after business converted from rent/lease to sales (guarenteed that system meter never stopped).

Another issue was that the science center had ported apl\360 to CMS for CMS\APL ... and was letting other IBM locations use the system. The business planners in Armonk loaded the most valuable of all corporate data on the cambridge system to run business models. The security of the system had to meet very high security standards (besides being available 7x24 and run dark room w/o human intervention) ... especially since non-employees had online access to the system; students, staff, professors, etc at universities in the boston/cambridge area.

past ibm cambridge science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

There were some spin-offs from the science center that started using CP67 to offer commerical online services (later migrating to VM370). They were also expecially sensitive to both operating costs and sensitive to security issues ... especially moving up the value stream to the wallstreet financial community (where large competing financial institutiosn were using the same systems).

past posts about commercial online (virtual machine based) services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

There are some similarities between what was being done for these operations in the 60s and what the large cloud operators are doing now in their megadatacenters (hundreds of thousand of systems with tens of millions of processors per megadatacenter) for costs drop to near zero when idle but immediately instant on when needed.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Missile Defense

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Missile Defense
Date: 29 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
a little topic drift, the POS payment chipcards currently being rolled out were originally specified 20yrs ago by the card associations. This is a couple recent long-winded posts about doing a standard and chip design significantly better than the card association specification (still significantly better than their current roll-out and enormously better than what they were doing 10&20 yrs ago).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#58
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#59
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#60
the whole thread with lots of other topic drift archived here
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/alt.folklore.computers/KOTN00rStn0%5B76-100%5D

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

one of the issues was that it significantly improved the integrity of transactions and radically reduced the barriers to entry for competitors ... part of justification for no uptake. so while I was at it, I looked at changing the existing paradigm from institutional centric (issuing cards) to a person-centric model ... aka why can't I register my card with institution, rather than every institution sending me their card. Their complaint was how could they trust a user presented card ... so I wrote standard that would allow them to trust a user presented card (rather than an institutional issued card). This also further lowered barrier to entry for competitors in trusted infrastructure ... as well as it turns out that institutions have a lot tied up in "branded" cards and a trusted person-centric infrastructure would make it much simpler for users to switch between institutions (they wanted to make it as hard as possible).

along the way, the gov. approached with a problem they had (related to missile systems) ... from the time a chip is manufactured until it is part of a guidance system ... how can they be sure that some of the chips haven't been replaced with counterfeit copy-chips (by some adversary). They felt that the same infrastructure that would support a trusted person-centric model could be adapted to being able to verify that original chips are in the guidance systems (and hadn't been replaced with something else between the time chips were originally manufactured and the time the chips were incorporated into guidance system).

Technical Director to the DDI for the Information Assurance Directorate is running an assurance session in the trusted computing track at IDF conference and asks me to talk about some of the stuff ... mostly on base design of the chip to make it resistant to tampering (as opposed to infrastructure to support person-centric model for authentication and assurance) ... gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp+s13

assurance posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#assurance

some patents on the subject (all assigned), including some of the person-centric work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Strategic Bombing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Strategic Bombing
Date: 29 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
Grand Coulee Dam: Leaving a Legacy
https://depts.washington.edu/depress/grand_coulee.shtml
"Without Grand Coulee and Bonneville dams it would have been almost impossible to win this war."[23] Specifically, the Grand Coulee Dam provided the electricity needed to produce aluminum, which was crucial for the airplane construction taking place at Boeing in Seattle. With no capacity to produce aluminum in 1940, the Pacific Northwest was producing 36% of the nation's aluminum output by 1946. It is estimated that one third of the aluminum used in aircraft during World War II came from the power generated by the Grand Coulee Dam.

... snip ...

2/3rds of US WW2 spending went to airplanes ... half of that (aka 1/3rd of US WW2 spending) went to the strategic heavy bombing program.

Grand Coulee Dam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Coulee_Dam
With the onset of World War II, power generation was given priority over irrigation

... snip ...

other past grand coulee dam posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#43 VR vs. Portable Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#14 Geothermal was: VLIW pre-history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#7 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#68 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#13 A "portable" hard disk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#66 A "portable" hard disk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#47 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#66 Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#69 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#3 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#10 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#11 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#44 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#63 [Poll] Computing favorities

The line is that the power was used for aluminum that was needed for strategic heavy bombers (and other planes). Note that 1/3rd WW2 budget went to strategic heavy bombing program. Towards the end, Roosevelt ordered a study to see if strategic bombing was worth it .... turns out even when 1943 US Strategic Bombing program got exact location of german industrial and military targets from wallstreet (aka John Foster Dulles was instrumental in rebuilding German industrial and military in the 20s & 30s and well into 1940), from 5-6 miles up precision bombing was still pretty much of a myth. It possibly helps explain why McNamara was on LeMay's staff planning fire-bombing of German & Japanese cities at the end (it was pretty hard to miss a whole city even from 6miles up). McNamara then leaves for the auto industry after the war, but returns as SECDEF for Vietnam where Laos becomes the most bomb country in the world (more tonnage than Germany & Japan combined).

Bombing of Tokyo
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Tokyo

Donald L. Miller, citing Knox Burger, stated that there were "at least 100,000" Japanese deaths and "about one million" injured. The Operation Meetinghouse firebombing of Tokyo on the night of 9 March 1945 was the single deadliest air raid of World War II, greater than Dresden, Hiroshima, or Nagasaki as single events.

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Other "precision strategic bombing" trivia "The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct", loc2582-85:
The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bomb sights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning strategic bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#57 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#60 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#10 What Will the Next A-10 Warthog Look Like?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#91 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#90 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 30 Sep 2016 07:53:37 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Basically, if interest rates go negative, mattresses start to beat banks. And if banks don't get deposits, where will businesses get loans from?

TBTF have been getting trillions in ZIRP funds from the FEDs ... one of the reasons that have little incentive to pay interest to attract deposits.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too.big.to.fail

Supposedly TARP funds was appropriated to bail out TBTF and buy the off-book toxic assets ... but with only $700B it hardly would make a dent in the problem, just the four largest TBTF were still carrying $5.2T in off-book toxic assets the end of 2008. The TARP funds was actually used for something else and it was up to the FED to bailout the TBTF.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

It was left to the FED to bailout the banks buying off-book toxic at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. The FED fought a long hard legal battle to prevent disclosing what it was doing. When it lost, the FED chairman held a press conference and said that he had thought that the TBTF would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop ZIRP funds).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

note that this FED chairman had supposedly been selected in part, because he was student of the depression, but the FED had tried something similar then with the same result ... so there should have been no reasonable expectation that the TBTF would act any different this time.

past posts mentioning Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into crash of '29) and/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

one of the scenarios is that ZIRP funds (and almost non-existant interest) are to force investors and retirees into the stock market, where wallstreet can loot whatever is left that hasn't already been looted. That activity has been aggrevated with HFT where they can further disguise the questionable transactions that manipulate the market. recent posts mentioning HFT:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#75 American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#68 Eric Hunsader Explains To CNBC That "Markets Are Always Rigged"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#11 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#95 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure

recent posts mentioning ZIRP funds:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#8 Too Big To Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#26 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#12 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#25 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#42 Nobody saw the economic mess coming last decade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#58 Wall Street strikes back against Bernie Sanders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#73 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#84 Trump vs. Hillary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#110 The Koch-Fueled Plot to Destroy the VA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#49 Federal Debt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#58 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#86 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#88 Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#99 Why Is the Obama Administration Trying to Keep 11,000 Documents Sealed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#19 Banking; The Book That Will Save Banking From Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#27 Old IBM Mainframe Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#70 So, what was your computer birthplace?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#98 Trust in Government Is Collapsing Around the World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#54 Social Security Trust Fund IOUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#89 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#0 IBM is Absolutely Down For The Count
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#51 OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 30 Sep 2016 08:10:43 -0700
Huge <Huge@nowhere.much.invalid> writes:
*Retail* interest rates do not go negative. Base rates at Central Banks do, in order to persuade retail banks to lend money, rather than depositing it at the Central Bank.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#65 old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising

what the FED chairman was referring to TBTF were doing with ZIRP funds, instead of helping mainstreet, was buying treasuries ... and having been clearing around $300B/yr on the spread ... but they needed enormous federal debt for this work.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too.big.to.fail
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

that is the scenario that TBTF and FED were part of the forces that wanted congress to let the fiscal responsibility act (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue and on its way to eliminating all federal debt) to expire in 2002. That was coupled with the special interests that wanted big increase in tax loopholes and military-industrial complex (and other interests) that wanted big increase in spending (sort of perfect tsunami of graft and corruption)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

2010, CBO did report that since fiscal responsibility act lapsed in 2002, tax revenue was cut $6T and spending increased $6T for $12T budget gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (and first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). Since then tax revenue hasn't been restored and only modest cuts in spending, so federal debt has continued to grow (and TBTF running the ZIRP/treasuries mill). One of the jokes is that the FED could have instead been using the ZIRP funds to buy treasuries directly and federal debt wouldn't cost anything ... but then the TBTF wouldn't be getting their $300B/yr.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Funny error messages

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Funny error messages
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 30 Sep 2016 10:09:50 -0700
Michael Black <et472@ncf.ca> writes:
When I took touch typing, and used a real mechanical typewriter, I remember how much trouble it was to do the shifting, but then it required physical effort with a mechanical typewriter.

I always liked one project in Byte, where they added a footswitch to a keyboard, to take care of some function (but of course, one could have multiple foot switches). So that would help with doing Control characters.


I learned on old 30s mechanical typewriter that I found in the dump when I was 12. However, the keyboard that I found that required the most physical effort was teletype model 33.

Englebart had cord keyboard/keyset for augment
https://books.google.com/books?id=CEc1OOGmA5IC&pg=PA80&lpg=PA80&dq=engelbart+augment+chord+keyboard&source=bl&ots=22cgVdzFRi&sig=Y-N6vD4qN7QBo8fs21et1d8Xh5M&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiNnLDFyLfPAhUP8mMKHXJpCW4Q6AEIXzAM#v=onepage&q=engelbart%20augment%20chord%20keyboard&f=false

Early 80s, human factors group in IBM San Jose got some cord keyboards that were hemisphere ... sort of like large mouse where all the fingers of your hand fit into depression that had rocker switches under fingerstips ... that had studies that achieved 50% more throughput than standard QWERTY keyboard ... i.e. characters and sequences were represented by combinations of different ways the switches under finger tips were pressed/released.

Minuturization wasn't sufficient for base to be small enough to work as mouse ... but these days, it would be possible to do something similar that operated as mouse also and totally eliminate standard keyboard.

past posts mentioning cord keyboards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#31 stupid user stories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#4 markup vs wysiwyg (was: Re: learning how to use a computer)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#55 creat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#47 creat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#50 stacks: sorting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#51 stacks: sorting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#22 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#29 Even worse than UNIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#11 Typewriter vs. Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#58 Doug Englebart

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Strategic Bombing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Strategic Bombing
Date: 30 Sept 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#64 Strategic Bombing

more about enormous resources poured into (aluminum) airplanes, 2/3rds of all US WW2 spending and long range heavy strategic bombers was half of that (or 1/3rd of the total US WW2 budget). They discounted that long range heavy strategic bombers needed figher escort defenses and drank the koolaid that there was precision bombing (from 5-6miles up), Fast Tanks and Heavy Bombers: Innovation in the U.S. Army, 1917–1945, pg168/loc3900-3904:

In May 1940 President Roosevelt told Congress that he wanted a program that could produce 50,000 aircraft a year and "provide us with 50,000 military and naval planes."92 Shortly thereafter, on June 26, Marshall approved the first aviation objective of organizing fifty-four combat groups by April 1942.93

pg169/loc3919-22:

Four officers prepared the important sections of AWPD-1: Colonel Harold L. George, Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth N. Walker, Major Laurence S. Kuter, and Major Haywood S. Hansell.99 All were staunch bomber advocates and former instructors at the Tactical School. The plan they prepared reflected the essence of the radical air power doctrine that focused on the preeminence of the long-range strategic bomber

pg170/loc3947-49:

The planners, even after revealing a crucial weakness in one of their key assumptions—that bomber formations could rely on their own defensive armament to fight their way through to their objectives—did not give high priority to any alternative plan.

pg171/loc3953-56:

AWPD-1 was the quintessential expression of American strategic bombing theory. The plan was alluring because the airmen seemed to promise that "precision bombing will win the war."107 Indeed, AWPD-1 specifically stated that "if the air offensive is successful, a land offensive may not be necessary."

... snip ...

British tried to warn them about folly of their plan, but US went ahead anyway and had to learn the hard way (lots of planes and people shot up) before plans for long-range fighter escort. And the lack of precision bombing would contribute to the switch to fire-bombing cities/citizens.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
Date: 03 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.americanbanker.com/news/bank-technology/ibm-buying-promontory-clinches-it-regtech-is-real-1091692-1.html

some past refs:

Bank of America Foreclosure Reviews: Why the OCC Overlooked "Independent" Reviewer Promontory's Keystone Cops Act (Part VB)
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/02/bank-of-america-foreclosure-reviews-why-the-occ-overlooked-independent-reviewer-promontorys-keystone-cops-act-part-vb.html
Regulatory Looting, Promontory-Style: Botched Foreclosure Reviews Alone Generate More than Double Goldman's Revenues per Employee
http://batrdailybusinessreport.blogspot.com/2013/06/regulatory-looting-promontory-style.html
Bank of America Foreclosure Reviews: Why the OCC Overlooked "Independent" Reviewer Promontory's Keystone Cops Act (Part VB)
http://stopforeclosurefraud.com/2013/02/11/bank-of-america-foreclosure-reviews-why-the-occ-overlooked-independent-reviewer-promontorys-keystone-cops-act-part-vb/
Insider Says Promontory's OCC Foreclosure Reviews for Wells are Frauds. Brought to You by HUD Sec. Donovan By Abigail Field, a freelance writer and attorney who blogs at Reality Check Foreclosure Fraud - Fighting Foreclosure Fraud
http://4closurefraud.org/2012/02/27/abigail-field-insider-says-promontorys-occ-foreclosure-reviews-for-wells-are-frauds-brought-to-you-by-hud-sec-donovan-by-abigail-field-a-freelance-writer-and-attorney-who-blogs-at-reali/
Promontory , Under Investigation by New York Department of Financial Services
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/07/new-york-times-dealbook-underplays-misconduct-by-regulatory-fixer-promontory-under-investigation-by-new-york-department-of-financial-services.html
New York Department of Financial Services Slams Bank Fixer Promontory Group, Hitting it in Its Profits and Reputation
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/08/new-york-department-of-financial-services-slams-bank-fixer-promontory-group-hitting-it-in-its-profits-and-reputation.html
New York investigating consulting firms Promontory and PwC in laundering cases
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/new-york-investigating-consulting-firms-promontory-and-pwc-in-laundering-cases/2013/09/13/2e40627c-1c7f-11e3-82ef-a059e54c49d0_story.html
Promontory's Role In The Dodd-Frank Game
http://swampland.time.com/2013/09/16/one-firms-role-in-the-dodd-frank-game/?iid=sl-main-belt
Foreclosures (2012 Robosigning and Mortgage Servicing Settlement)
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/f/foreclosures/index.html
Is BofA's Foreclosure Review Really Independent? You Be the Judge
http://www.propublica.org/article/is-bofas-foreclosure-review-really-independent-you-be-the-judge
Settling The Foreclosure Reviews: Winners And Losers
http://www.forbes.com/sites/francinemckenna/2013/01/08/settling-the-foreclosure-reviews-winners-and-losers/
OCC Bungled Foreclosure Settlement from Start to Finish
http://www.americanbanker.com/issues/178_45/occ-bungled-foreclosure-settlement-from-start-to-finish-1057304-1.html
OCC Releases Embarrassing List of Foreclosure Review Payouts on Eve of Senate Hearings
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/04/occ-releases-embarrassing-list-of-foreclosure-review-payouts-on-eve-of-senate-hearings.html
Foreclosed Homeowners Got $300, Bank's Consultants Got $2 Billion
http://readersupportednews.org/opinion2/279-82/17181-foreclosed-homeowners-got-300-banks-consultants-got-2-billion

some past posts mentioning Promontory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#73 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#16 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#36 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#64 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#19 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#42 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#50 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#63 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#64 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Security Design: Stop Trying to Fix the User

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Security Design: Stop Trying to Fix the User
Date: 04 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
Security Design: Stop Trying to Fix the User
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2016/10/security_design.html

in alt.folklore.computers, we've had numerous discussions over the decades about people having to adapt to technology rather than the other way around. The counter is highway safety engineering and automobile safety engineering .... where a lot of work goes into safety engineering ... redesigning highways and automobiles to help eliminate and/or mitigate the most dangerous characteristics. Some of this reminds of the auto seatbelt discussions wars from the mid-60s.

disclaimer: I've worked on virtual machine technology (major compartmentalization technology) since late 60s, nearly 50yrs.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

We were tangentially involved in (original) cal. state data breach notification law. We had been brought in to help word smith the cal. state electronic signature laws and many of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues. They had done detailed, indepth public privacy surveys and the #1 issue was identity theft, primarily fraudulent financial transactions as a result of breaches. The issue was that little or nothing was being done about the breaches; nominally entities take security procedures in self-protection ... however the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public; it was hoped that the publicity from the notification would prompt corrective action. Note that since then there have been numerous federal (preemption) notifications bills introduced (none passed) about evenly divided between those similar to cal. and those that would essentially eliminate most requirements for notification.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

Cal. was also working on a opt-in personal information sharing bill (i.e. institutions were required to have record of your explicit approval to share information) when an (federal preemption) "opt-out" provision was added to GLBA (aka institutions can share your information unless they have explicit record of you objecting). At 2004 national annual privacy conference in WashDC, there was panel discussion with all the FTC commissioners. Somebody in the audience got up and asked them if they were going to do anything about "opt-out", they said they worked for major call center company that was used by all the major financial institutions ... and he knew that none of their call centers provided any way of making record of calls to their "opt-out" numbers (i.e. there would never be any record of people objecting to sharing their personal information).

misc. past posts mentioning auto/highway safety engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#17 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#81 Selling Security using Prospect Theory. Or not
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#66 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#85 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#67 Outgunned: How Security Tech Is Failing Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#77 ZeuS attacks mobiles in bank SMS bypass scam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#32 The Most Expensive One-Byte Mistake
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#47 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#29 Java Security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#61 What Makes a bridge Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#90 Experts: Network security deteriorating, privacy a lost cause
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#98 Cybersecurity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#35 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground
Date: 04 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/04/science/hawaii-thirty-meter-telescope-mauna-kea.html

trivia: in early 80s, was asked in to do some work related to the "Berkeley 10m" telescope (was going to be erected on Mauna Kea). The issue was they wanted to do remote viewing from the mainland ... and part of the effort was transition from film to digital (CCDs). At the time, they were testing 200x200 (40K) CCDs at Lick observatory.

There was also some politics going on with NSF ... they didn't want to take NSF money, because it would result in giving up control of viewing schedule to NSF. The eventually got funding from Keck foundation.

some past posts mentioning Lick and/or Keck:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#7 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#8 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#9 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#9 Jack Kilby dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#12 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#20 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#50 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#30 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#32 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#80 A Super-Efficient Light Bulb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#82 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#85 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#55 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#60 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#24 Program Work Method Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#9 Hawaii board OKs plan for giant telescope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#10 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#86 OT: Physics question and Star Trek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#55 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#8 We're About to Lose Net Neutrality -- And the Internet as We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#76 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#50 Revamped PDP-11 in Honolulu or maybe Santa Fe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#56 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#75 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#19 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#20 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#97 power supplies

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground
Date: 04 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#71 Under Hawaii's Starriest Skies, a Fight Over Sacred Ground

On the other hand, about at the same time, we were working with the director of NSF on interconnecting the NSF supercomputers. We were suppose to get $20M, but then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen, and eventually a RFP was released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding on the contract. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other agencies) copying the CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). some old email from the period
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

past posts mentioning HSDT (high-speed data transport) project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
Date: 04 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#69 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real

disclaimer: 1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess. securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages and I was asked to look at improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. They then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings. The triple-A ratings mean that they can start doing no-documentation liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A and sell as fast as they can make them (no longer needing to care about buyers qualifications or loan quality). With no-documentation (liar) mortgages, there is no longer any issue of supporting documentation integrity. The triple-A ratings also open the market to operations that are restricted to "safe" investments (like large public & private pension funds). Federal Reserve, FDIC, and SEC that have jurisdiction do nothing. Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the rating agencies played say that both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A. This is largely the enabler to do over $27T done 2001-2008. A tv reporter during the hearings comments that he believes that there would never be any criminal prosecution. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

A decade later, Jan2009 I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash that resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (references that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

from the law of unintended consequences, the largest economic mess related fines for the TBTF was for their robo-signing mills fabricating the missing mortgage documents (for foreclosures). However the fines were supposed to be for the victims, however they were administered by these institutions setup by the TBTF and regulators

other refs:

Promontory , Under Investigation by New York Department of Financial Services
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/07/new-york-times-dealbook-underplays-misconduct-by-regulatory-fixer-promontory-under-investigation-by-new-york-department-of-financial-services.html
New York Department of Financial Services Slams Bank Fixer Promontory Group, Hitting it in Its Profits and Reputation
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/08/new-york-department-of-financial-services-slams-bank-fixer-promontory-group-hitting-it-in-its-profits-and-reputation.html
New York investigating consulting firms Promontory and PwC in laundering cases
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/new-york-investigating-consulting-firms-promontory-and-pwc-in-laundering-cases/2013/09/13/2e40627c-1c7f-11e3-82ef-a059e54c49d0_story.html
Promontory's Role In The Dodd-Frank Game
http://swampland.time.com/2013/09/16/one-firms-role-in-the-dodd-frank-game/?iid=sl-main-belt
Foreclosures (2012 Robosigning and Mortgage Servicing Settlement)
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/f/foreclosures/index.html
Is BofA's Foreclosure Review Really Independent? You Be the Judge
http://www.propublica.org/article/is-bofas-foreclosure-review-really-independent-you-be-the-judge
Settling The Foreclosure Reviews: Winners And Losers
http://www.forbes.com/sites/francinemckenna/2013/01/08/settling-the-foreclosure-reviews-winners-and-losers/
OCC Bungled Foreclosure Settlement from Start to Finish
http://www.americanbanker.com/issues/178_45/occ-bungled-foreclosure-settlement-from-start-to-finish-1057304-1.html
OCC Releases Embarrassing List of Foreclosure Review Payouts on Eve of Senate Hearings
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/04/occ-releases-embarrassing-list-of-foreclosure-review-payouts-on-eve-of-senate-hearings.html
Foreclosed Homeowners Got $300, Bank's Consultants Got $2 Billion
http://readersupportednews.org/opinion2/279-82/17181-foreclosed-homeowners-got-300-banks-consultants-got-2-billion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
Date: 04 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#69 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#74 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real

economic mess was over $27T in (toxic) securitized loans 2001-2008 ... given triple-A, enabling them to sell everything they could generate, includingto funds restricted to only "safe" investments, like large pension funds (which also accounts for significant part of their shortfall today).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

The issue was regulatory bodies weren't enforcing the rules that they had ... capable of preventing the economic mess including pivotal role that the rating agencies played (and would have caught more recent activities), SEC, Fed Reserve, FDIC, OCC, Treasury, etc.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

An example was in the congressional Madoff hearings, they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get the SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in, speculation was that he was looking for gov. protection after having defrauding some unsavory characters). Congress asked if new regulations were needed, he replied that while new regulations might be needed, much more importance would be transparency and visibility (antithetical to wallstreet culture) .... in part because existing regulations weren't being enforced.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

In the wake of ENRON, congress passes Sarbanes-Oxley .... rhetoric on floor of congress was that it would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee executives and auditors did jail time, but it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings ... even showing uptic after SOX goes into effect ... and nobody doing jailtime. Possibly less well known is that SOX also required SEC to do something about rating agencies ... but SEC did about as much about the rating agencies as they did about the fraudulent financial filings.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley

more trivia: the triple-A ratings eliminated any reason for them to care about borrower's qualifications and loan quality ... because they could sell off everything as fast as they could be made. However, they then found they could create toxic securitized mortgages designed to fail, sell to their victims and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy mortgages, i.e. they wanted them to fail). The largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and netogiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar. Then the sec. of treasury steps in and says that it is illegal to pay off at less than face value, AIG has to sign a document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG, and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formally headed by the secretary of treasury (last decade there was a joke that the US treasury was the firm's branch office in Washington).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
Date: 04 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#69 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#74 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#75 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real

another example; we were tangentially involved in (original) cal. state data breach notification law. We had been brought in to help word smith the cal. state electronic signature laws and many of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues. They had done detailed, indepth public privacy surveys and the #1 issue was identity theft, primarily fraudulent financial transactions as a result of breaches. The issue was that little or nothing was being done about the breaches; nominally entities take security procedures in self-protection ... however the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public; it was hoped that the publicity from the notification would prompt corrective action. Note that since then there have been numerous federal (preemption) notification bills introduced (none passed) about evenly divided between those similar to cal. and those that would essentially eliminate most requirements for notification.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

Cal. was also working on a opt-in personal information sharing bill (i.e. institutions were required to have record of your explicit approval to share information) when an (federal preemption) "opt-out" provision was added to GLBA (aka institutions can share your information unless they have explicit record of you objecting). At 2004 national annual privacy conference in WashDC, there was panel discussion with all the FTC commissioners. Somebody in the audience got up and asked them if they were going to do anything about "opt-out", he said he worked for major call center technology company that was used by all the major financial institutions ... and he knew that none of their call centers provided any way of making record of calls to their "opt-out" numbers (i.e. there would never be any record of people objecting to sharing their personal information). The FTC commissioners just ignored him.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GLBA & Glass-Steagall

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: GLBA & Glass-Steagall
Date: 04 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
The rhetoric on floor of congress was that primary purpose of GLBA was if you already had a banking charter, you got to keep it, but if you didn't already have one, you couldn't get one (i.e. keep new competition and more efficient new technologies out of banking). Later several more things were added to GLBA and then GLBA initially passes along party lines and folklore was Clinton was going to veto it, they then go back and add some other things so it passes with veto proof 90-8. Clinton was talked into signing it, since any veto would have been empty gesture.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gramm%E2%80%93Leach%E2%80%93Bliley_Act

President of AMEX was in competition to be the next CEO and wins. The looser leaves, taking their protegee and go to Baltimore taking over what was called a loan sharking business. They make several more acquisitions and eventually acquire Citibank in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for repeal of Glass-Steagall ... which is one of the things added to GLBA. "Federal Pre-emption" "opt-out" is also added to GLBA (to block pending california state legislation that would have required "opt-in", aka record of individual's agreement for personal information sharing). "opt-out" allows institution to share personal information unless there is record of individual objecting.

AMEX was also in competition with KKR for private-equity LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble with RJR and hires away the president of AMEX (before he becomes CEO) to turn around RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board then hires away the former head of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company. He uses some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

disclaimer: jan2009, I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into the '29 crash that resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal cross-HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (comments that capital hill buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Earlier today, I posted much longer explanation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#69 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#73 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#74 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#75 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real

a little of the post ... 1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess. securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages and I was asked to look at improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. They then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings. The triple-A ratings mean that they can start doing no-documentation liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A and sell as fast as they can make them (no longer needing to care about buyers qualifications or loan quality). With no-documentation (liar) mortgages, there is no longer any issue of supporting documentation integrity. The triple-A ratings also open the market to operations that are restricted to "safe" investments (like large public & private pension funds). Federal Reserve, FDIC, OCC, Treasury and SEC that have jurisdiction do nothing. Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the rating agencies played say that both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A. This is largely the enabler to do over $27T done 2001-2008. A tv reporter during the hearings comments that he believes that there would never be any criminal prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

Repeal of Glass-Steagall didn't enable the economic mess, it was largely the rating agencies and lack of regulatory enforcement. The repeal of Glass-Steagall did enable too big to fail ... so they got bailed out (instead of prosecuted and sent to jail). They then are also involved in many other criminal acts, manipulating LIBOR, foreign exchange, commodities markets, money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, etc ... when you start seeing too-big-to-prosecute and too-big-to-jail in the press.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

related to congress and most corrupt institution on earth

VP (and former CIA director) claims he knows nothing about
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade, another family member is presiding over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis

From the law of unintended consequences ... the largest fines for the too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) is for the robo-signing mills ... fabricating all the documents for the no-document loans.

other triva: last decade there was enormous uptic in outsourcing gov. to for profit companies ... especially those owned by private-equity companies that lobbied intensely on behalf of their subsidiaries. There was rapid spreading success of failure culture among the beltway bandits.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

when the former AMEX president left IBM, he went to head up a different private-equity company that did LBO of company that would employee Snowden; 70% of budget and over half people to for-profit companies ... that are under intense pressure to cut corners and generate revenue for their private-equity owners
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

we essentially consulted for free to commerce for the year 2000 census on backend dataprocessing (when they got audited, I was asked to handle all day up in front of the room). we then tried to do something similar for VA hospital system and had meeting with head hill staffer responsible for VA, They were just coming off a failed billion dollar dataprocessing modernization and gearing up for another couple billion dollar effort ... our offer turns out to be one of the worst threats to beltway bandits.

Possibly as a result of census work, early last decade we got a call to respond to an unclassified BAA that essentially said none of their tools did the job and the BAA was closing that day. We got response in to the BAA and showed we could do what was needed ... and then absolute nothing. Several years later, we speculated that we may have been on the wrong side of the success of failure forces.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 05 Oct 2016 12:06:27 -0700
Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.infoworld.com/article/3127171/hardware/why-the-cloud-is-bad-news-for-cisco-dell-and-hp.html

this started some 20+yrs ago with clustered supercomputers and was picked up by growing internet server operations ballooning into their megadatacenters after the start of the century. This article could have been written ten years ago.

possibly also why IBM unloaded its server business.

old reference to jan1992 meeting in ellison conference room on cluster scaleup for commercial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a couple weeks after the ellison meeting, cluster scaleup was transferred, we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors and announced as supercomputer, 17Feb1992 press article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
and 11May1992 press article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

past email working on cluster scaleup for commercial and supercomputers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

lots of past posts mentioning megadatacenters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#72 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#68 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#79 Google Data Centers 'The Most Efficient In The World'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#56 IBM drops Power7 drain in 'Blue Waters'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#90 A Faster Way to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#78 Entry point for a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#27 A "portable" hard disk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#62 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#51 Mainframe Hacking -- Fact or Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#14 Facebook doubles the size of its first data center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#3 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#46 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#16 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#17 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#19 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#8 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#9 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#75 Check out June 2011 | TOP500 Supercomputing Sites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#23 Cloud computing - is it a financial con trick?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#70 New IBM Redbooks residency experience in Poughkeepsie, NY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#11 PKI "fixes" that don't fix PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#35 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#19 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#32 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#43 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#44 Data Areas?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#53 HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#55 What is Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#63 Intel's 1 teraflop chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#75 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#86 Clouds in mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#22 1979 SHARE LSRAD Report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#122 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#11 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#20 21st Century Migrates Mainframe with Clerity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#24 21st Century Migrates Mainframe with Clerity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#78 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#80 Article on IBM's z196 Mainframe Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#82 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#6 Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#41 Are rotating register files still a bad idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#2 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#35 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#41 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#50 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#19 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#20 Mainframes Warming Up to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#59 How many cost a cpu second?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#60 How many cost a cpu second?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#16 Think You Know The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#9 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#14 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#26 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#34 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#95 printer history Languages influenced by PL/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#41 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#16 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#20 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#28 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#34 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#42 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#87 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#3 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#13 Intel Confirms Decline of Server Giants HP, Dell, and IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#18 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#24 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#48 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#56 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#69 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#6 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#58 What is holding back cloud adoption?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#16 From build to buy: American Airlines changes modernization course midflight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#17 Still think the mainframe is going away soon: Think again. IBM mainframe computer sales are 4% of IBM's revenue; with software, services, and storage it's 25%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#7 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#8 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#10 FW: mainframe "selling" points -- Start up Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#15 A Private life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#25 Still think the mainframe is going away soon: Think again. IBM mainframe computer sales are 4% of IBM's revenue; with software, services, and storage it's 25%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#91 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#19 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#28 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#51 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#57 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#61 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#70 How internet can evolve
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#74 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#7 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#12 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#21 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#43 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#45 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#40 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#60 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#66 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#23 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#24 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#32 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#62 Mainframe vs Server - The Debate Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#63 Mainframe vs Server - The Debate Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#70 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#53 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#56 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#50 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#70 50,000 x86 operating system on single mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#33 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#38 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#71 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#27 IBM sells x86 server business to Levono
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#108 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#4 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#8 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#53 IBM hopes new chip can turn the tables on Intel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#4 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#20 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#65 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#5 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#24 IBM Opens New SoftLayer Data Center In Hong Kong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#33 Can Ginni really lead the company to the next great product line?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#46 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#57 [CM] Mainframe tech is here to stay: just add innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#5 "F[R]eebie" software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#20 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#87 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#2 Flat (VSAM or other) files still in use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#0 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#113 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide and or for Europe alone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#144 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#166 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#57 Economics of Mainframe Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#50 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#69 Cambridge's HPC-as-a-service for boffins, big and small
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#18 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#93 HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#57 Introducing the New z13s: Tim's Hardware Highlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#93 Google joins Facebook's game-changing project that's eating the $140 billion hardware market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#50 China takes the lead in supercomputing while America sleeps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#90 Google and Facebook put their fierce rivalry aside to save money in this key area
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#62 remote system support (i.e. the data center is 2 states away from you)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GLBA & Glass-Steagall

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: GLBA & Glass-Steagall
Date: 06 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall

old article about private-equity company that does LBO of BAH:

IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman
http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB1037893592918171788

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

and another BAH employee:
https://www.emptywheel.net/2016/10/05/hal-er-um-bah-bites-nsa/

one of the issues is gov. agencies can't lobby congress, and companies can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress. But it is possible to outsource gov. to beltway bandits that are owned by private-equity companies ... and the private-equity companies can lobby congress (on behalf of companies they own). article from today

How Corporations Bought Washington (it was cheap)
https://fabiusmaximus.com/2016/10/06/corporate-lobbying-a-government-for-sale

note that the above mentions executive order to close the "revolving door" ... however there was also campaign rhetoric that the enormous uptic in outsourcing that went in the previous administration would be reversed ... which didn't happen.

private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GLBA & Glass-Steagall

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: GLBA & Glass-Steagall
Date: 06 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#78 GLBA & Glass-Steagall

Also as detailed above, repeal of Glass-Steagall didn't result in "toxic mortgage-fueled meltdown of 2008", repeal of Glass-Steagall resulted in too big to fail and lack of prosecution for the crimes, not just toxic mortgage, but also manipulating LIBOR, FOREX, commodities, money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, tax evasion, etc; aka too big to prosecute and too big to jail. The "toxic mortgage-fueled meltdown of 2008" was triple-A ratings on toxic CDOs largely enabling doing over $27T 2001-2008 (and being able to sell to funds restricted to "safe" investments like large public & private pension funds, contributing to significant shortfalls today) and the CDS gambling bets (designing toxic securitized mortgages to fail, sell to their victims, and take out CDS gambling bets they would fail). This was happening because all the administration regulatory agencies weren't enforcing regulations (Federal Reserve, SEC, OCC, CFTC, FDIC, Treasury, etc) 2001-2008.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

Trivia: The chairman of CFTC proposed regulating CDS gambling bets, The CFTC chairman was then quickly replaced by the wife of the primary senator behind GLBA (and repeal of Glass-Steagall) while he got legislation preventing CFTC regulating CDS gambling bets, the wife then resigns and joins the ENRON board and member of the audit committee. Preventing CFTC from regulating CDS gambling bets was originally characterized as gift to ENRON (leveraging CDS as part of manipulating its financial reports), but was also later used in the economic mess.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

the triple-A ratings eliminated any reason for them to care about borrower's qualifications and loan quality ... because they could sell off everything as fast as they could be made. However, they then found they could create toxic securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy mortgages, i.e. they wanted them to fail). The largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar. Then the sec. of treasury steps in and says that it is illegal to pay off at less than face value, AIG has to sign a document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG, and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formally headed by the secretary of treasury (last decade there was a joke that the US treasury was the firm's branch office in Washington).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GLBA & Glass-Steagall

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: GLBA & Glass-Steagall
Date: 07 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#78 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#79 GLBA & Glass-Steagall

note: another from the law of unintended consequences ... spring 2008, it started to dawn on some investors that the rating agencies were selling triple-A ratings ... and it might not be possible to trust any of their ratings ... resulting in the muni-bond market freezing (because investors couldn't calculate risk). Warren Buffett steps in to offer muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market.

(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

past posts mentioning muni-bond insurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#60 Did sub-prime cause the financial mess we are in?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#11 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#77 Who first mentioned Credit Crunch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#81 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#30 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#2 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#66 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#63 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#68 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#1 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#0 S&L Crisis and Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#31 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#82 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#78 The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#0 Repealing Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#19 Banking; The Book That Will Save Banking From Itself

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The baby boomers' monumental quagmire in Iraq

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The baby boomers' monumental quagmire in Iraq
Date: 07 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
The baby boomers' monumental quagmire in Iraq
http://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-bacevich-iraq-vietnam-quaqmire-20161006-snap-story.html

When director of CIA won't agree to "Team B" Soviet analysis justifying huge increase in military spending, he is replaced by somebody that would
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

Team B posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

Rumsfeld white house chief of staff (74-75), after replacing CIA director he becomes SECDEF (75-77), and replaced by his assistant, Dick Cheney. He is again SECDEF 2001-2006
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Rumsfeld

When Rumsfeld was white house chief of staff 74-75, Cheney was on his staff. Cheney then becomes white house chief of staff when Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF. Cheney is then SECDEF from 89-93 and VP 2001-2009
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney

another "Team B" member (note "Team B" was also involved in supporting Iran/Iraq war)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
He is a leading neoconservative.[4] As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork."

... snip ...

Note military-industrial complex wanted the Iraq2 war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for the fabricated WMDs ... later when they got around to going back, over million metric tons had evaporated.
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

In Vietnam US relied heavily on heavy aritiliary and air power. This was greatly refined Desert Storm where US Air Power dominated the field. Assertions are that Iraq had learned from Desert Storm and changed tactics to minimize targets for US Air Power. Then large artillery shells start showing up in IEDs including taking out Abram tanks (large artilliary shells were adapted to IEDs rather than large guns and tanks). This account has Abram's so vulnerable that they took to running the route before taking Abrams out (also 2007-2008 worse than Fallujah 2004-2005, but didn't get coverage because amdinistration said things were better)
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-Way-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

Part of original Iraq2 justification was that it would *only* cost $50B ... assuming advances in air power would be even more effective than Desert Storm ... however it didn't work out that way. Two wars are now projected to exceed $5T (over 100 times more) when long term veterns' benefits/care taken into account.

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them (also references oil rig company that was transformed into one of the largest defense contractors after former SECDEF and future VP becomes CEO, including no-bid contracts in Iraq)
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/

The Clausewitz Roundtable
https://www.amazon.com/Clausewitz-Roundtable-Michael-J-Lotus-ebook/dp/B01KCX0G4Y/

loc3772-75:
To select just one inexcusable failure, Secretary of DEFENSE Donald Rumsfeld was determined to use a relatively small force to execute the war, believing correctly that the goal of destroying the Iraqi army could be achieved in this fashion, and that using a relatively smaller force was otherwise advantageous. However, this approach was totally at odds with the further, ill-considered war aim of "transforming" Iraq into a democratic ally. This aim was delusional and should never have been a policy of the American government.

... snip ...

Boyd "acolyte" on "perpetual war" (objective of military-industrial complex)
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

At Booz Allen, a Vast U.S. Spy Operation, Run for Private Profit

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: At Booz Allen, a Vast U.S. Spy Operation, Run for Private Profit
Date: 08 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
At Booz Allen, a Vast U.S. Spy Operation, Run for Private Profit
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/07/us/booz-allen-hamilton-nsa.html

triva: last decade there was enormous uptic in outsourcing gov. to for profit companies ... especially those owned by private-equity companies that lobbied intensely on behalf of their subsidiaries (gov. agencies can't lobby congress and companies can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress, but private-equity owners can lobby on behalf of the companies they own). There was rapid spreading success of failure culture among the beltway bandits.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

when the former AMEX president left IBM, he went to head up a different private-equity company that did LBO of company that would employee Snowden; 70% of budget and over half people for-profit companies ... that are under intense pressure to cut corners and generate revenue for their private-equity owners
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

more trivia: after stint in POK responsible for mainframe loosely-coupled architecture, my wife went to new IBM subsidiary that was located in large office bldg. in Tysons Corner. When IBM liquidated the subsidiary, the office bldg. was eventually acquired by BAH. BAH then built a 2nd identical bldg with lobby between the two. Some years ago we had meeting with former agency director that had joined BAH ... who's office was nearly identical physical location of my wife's office (when BAH bought the bldg, they gutted the interior, but the office was same flr and same set of windows).

other past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#19 Tysons Corner, Virginia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#23 Tysons Corner, Virginia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#20 Louis V. Gerstner Jr. lays out his post-IBM life

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman
Date: 08 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman
http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB1037893592918171788

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them.
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/

... the private-equity firm that had become the nation's ninth-largest defense contractor by 2001:
Among them was Halliburton, the Texas oil-services and logistics firm. In 1995, after retiring as George H.W. Bush's defense secretary, Dick Cheney became the CEO of Halliburton. Over the next five years, he transformed the company into one of the world's largest military contractors. Around the same time, the elder Bush was hired as a senior adviser to the Carlyle Group. By the time Cheney became George W. Bush's vice president in 2001, outsourcing was official policy, and the migration of senior-level government officials into the defense and intelligence industries was standard practice.

... snip ...

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

Carlyle does LBO of BAH ... Snowden's employer

Spies Like Us
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower. They're not going away any time soon unless the CIA and NSA want to start over and with some off-the-shelf laptops, networked by the Geek Squad from Best Buy. Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.

... snip ...

Gerstner had been president of AMEX and they were in competition with KKR for private equity LBO of RJR. KKR won, but when they ran into trouble, they hired Gerstner away to turn it around. IBM was being reorganized to breakup into the 13 "baby blues" when the board hires Gerstner to resurrect the company and reverse the breakup, using some of the same techniques used at RJR:
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

another BAH contractor
https://www.emptywheel.net/2016/10/05/hal-er-um-bah-bites-nsa/

one of the issues is gov. agencies can't lobby congress, and companies can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress. But it is possible to outsource gov. to beltway bandits that are owned by private-equity companies ... and the private-equity companies can lobby congress (on behalf of companies they own). article from today

How Corporations Bought Washington (it was cheap)
https://fabiusmaximus.com/2016/10/06/corporate-lobbying-a-government-for-sale

note that the above mentions executive order to close the "revolving door" ... however there was also campaign rhetoric that the enormous uptic in outsourcing that went on in the previous administration would be reversed ... which didn't happen.

At Booz Allen, a Vast U.S. Spy Operation, Run for Private Profit
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/07/us/booz-allen-hamilton-nsa.html

triva: last decade there was enormous uptic in outsourcing gov. to for profit companies ... especially those owned by private-equity companies that lobbied intensely on behalf of their subsidiaries (gov. agencies can't lobby congress and companies can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress, but private-equity owners can lobby on behalf of the companies they own). There was rapid spreading success of failure culture among the beltway bandits.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

more trivia: after stint in POK responsible for mainframe loosely-coupled architecture, my wife went to new IBM subsidiary that was located in large office bldg. in Tysons Corner. When IBM liquidated the subsidiary, the office bldg. was eventually acquired by BAH. BAH then built a 2nd identical bldg with lobby between the two. Some years ago we had meeting with former agency director that had joined BAH ... who's office was nearly identical physical location of my wife's office (when BAH bought the bldg, they gutted the interior, but the office was same flr and same set of windows).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

We Use Words to Talk. Why Do We Need Them to Think?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: We Use Words to Talk. Why Do We Need Them to Think?
Date: 09 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
We Use Words to Talk. Why Do We Need Them to Think?
http://nymag.com/scienceofus/2016/10/its-actually-pretty-weird-that-we-think-in-words.html

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (precursor to social media, larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me (sometimes I was accused of being responsible for 1/3-1/2 of traffic on the internal network that had a couple hundred thousand people). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Somewhat as a result, a researcher was paid to sit in the back of my office for nine months taking notes on how I communicated, face-to-face, telephone, went with me to meetings, got logs of all instant messages and copies of all incoming and outgoing email. The results were research reports, papers, talks, books, and Stanford PHD (joint between language and computer AI, winograd was advisor on the AI side).

Earlier in the researcher's career, they were ESL teacher ... and commented that I used english like a non-native speaker ... except I don't have any other native natural language. Conjecture was that I spent a great deal of time thinking w/o words.

There have been somewhat similar discussions about being proficient in computer languages ... similar to proficiency in natural languages ... where a person gets to proficiency level that they can think and dream in the computer language (rather than having to think in some other language and constantly translate to a computer language). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Other trivia, was working with Director of NSF in the early 80s and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers (I had a project I called HSDT that had T1 and faster speed links), then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally NSF releases an RFP (in part based on what we already have running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter (and copying the CEO), but that just made the internal politics worse (as did comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks hook into the centers, it becomes the NSF backbone (precursor to the modern internet). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

Fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil .... from an earlier post on Boyd & Strategy ... When I sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM we would get into related discussion about English not having the necessary words, vocabulary, definitions, etc. Some of this shows up a little in past discussions about fingerspitzengefuhl (and coup d'oeil).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3033

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3033
Date: 09 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
possibly more than you ever wanted to know. Future System in the 1st half of the 70s was going to completely replace 360/370 and was totally different and during this era, 370 efforts were being shutdown (I continued to work on 360/370 stuff during this period and periodically would ridicule FS ... which wasn't exactly a career enhancing activity). When FS imploded, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 pipeline .... 303x and 811 (3081) were kicked off in parallel. THey took 158 integrated channels for the 303x channel director. A 3031 was 158 engine with just the 370 microcode and a 2nd 158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode. A 3032 was 168-3 reconfigured to work with channel director as external channels. 3033 started out 168-3 logic remapped to some warmed over FS chips that were 20% faster. some longer winded discussion
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
and past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

We had a project that was 16-way 370 multiprocessor and got the 3033 processor engineers to work on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than the 168-3 remap). Lots of people in POK that it was really great until somebody told the head of POK thot it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system had effective 16-way support. Then some of us were asked to never visit POK again (it wasn't until start of next century that IBM shipped 16-way).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

Out in San Jose, I was allowed to wander around the plant site. Bldg14 disk engineering lab was doing pre-scheduled, around-the-clock, 7x24 stand-alone testing. At one point they had tried MVS, but in that environment MVS had 15min MTBF (requiring manual re-ipl). I offerred to rewrite i/o supervisor to make it bullet-proof and never fail, allowing, on-demand, anytime testing ... greatly improving productivity. Bldg14 & bldg15 (disk product test) tended to get the 3rd or 4th engineering processor for disk & channel testing (processor engineers would have the first and second). Bldg15 got both early 3033 and 4341 engineering processors. Turns out that even with several I/O testing going on concurrently, it would only use a couple percent of the processor ... so we had pretty much the whole rest of the machines to do other stuff with. A few of us then had nearly whole 3033 and 4341 for playing with. past posts getting to play disk engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

I did do an internal only write up of the work for bldg14 & bldg15 for bullet-proof i/o subsystem ... but happened to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... which brings down the wrath of the MVS organization on my head (there was some folklore they would have had me terminated if they could have figured out how).

one of the 3033 problems was 158 integrated channels were some of the slowest and highest latency processing ... and using the 158 integrated channels for the 303x channel director turned out to have the same performance characteristics (like reference, 303x was part of the mad rush to get new 370 out the door after FS imploded, aka the lack of 370 offerings during the FS period is credited with giving the clone processor makers market foothold). At least 3033 wasn't as bad as 3081.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3033

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3033
Date: 09 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#85 3033

FE had process that required bootstrap diagnostic starting with scope diagnoses. 3081 started TCM and it was no longer possible to scope anything. They did roll-your-own "service" UC processor with probes into the TCMs. The UC processor could be scoped/serviced, and then the service processor used to diagnose TCMs. They learned that for the 3081 service processor they spent almost all their time writing operating system for the UC processor.

For the 3090, they decided instead to use 4331 running enhanced version of VM370 release 6 and all the menu screens implemented using CMS IOS3270. Before shipping, they switched to using a pair of 4361s (instead of single 4331) ... called "3092". The 3092 (aka 4361 running vm370/cms) each required 3370 FBA disks ... even for customers that ran MVS ... which never had any FBA support, only CKD support (there haven't been any real CKD disks made for decades, just simulated on industry fixed-block disks).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

As soon as 3033 was out the door, the 3033 processor engineers start work on trout1.5 (becomes 3090)

MVS people have claimed in the 80s that they had a table for 16 processors ... the issue was that while they added a table for 16 processors .... they still had structure didn't allow that many processors to operate effectively concurrently.

Charlie had invented compare-and-swap instruction while he was doing fine-grain multiprocessor locking for CP67 at the science center ("compare-and-swap" was chosen because CAS are charlie's initials). Trying to get it added to original 370 architecture was rebuffed, we were told that the POK favorite son operating system people claimed that test-and-set (from 360/65MP) was more than sufficient. We were challenged to come up with compare-and-swap uses that weren't multiprocessor locking specific ... thus was born the compare-and-swap examples that still appear in principles of operation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

MVS on high-end 370 & 303x would talk about getting 1.2-1.3 times a single processor. Part of it was 370 2-way multiprocessor slowed machine cycle down 10% to tolerate cross-cache chatter between two processor ... aka 2-way was only 1.8 times processor of single machine. The rest involved MVS multiprocessor overhead and locking. I did some work on multiprocessor kernel tweaks that could get slightly better than 1.8times a single processor (I played some games with cache affinity and drastically reduced operating system multiprocessor overhead; cache affinity improved avg. cache hit rate, which resulted in more instructions running per second).

1980, I'm con'ed into doing some channel extender support for STL that was moving 300 IBM people to offsite bldg, with service back to STL datacenter.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extension

Then an attempt is made to release it to customers, but a group in POK was playing with some serial stuff and get it blocked because they are afraid that it might make it more difficult getting their stuff out.

In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standize some serial stuff they have ... that quickly becomes FCS (1gbit, concurrent in each direction). Finally in 1990, the POK people get their stuff released as ESCON with ES/9000 (when it is already obsolete).

About the same time I'm asked to work on SCI out of SLAC ... which was then used for 128-way and 256-way SMP in the mid-90s. POK finally comes out with z900 16-way in Dec2000.

Some POK people become involved in FCS and define an enormously heavy-weight protocol that drastically reduces I/O throughput compared to native FCS throughput .... which is eventually released as FICON.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

past posts mentioning 3092 service processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#37 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#10 Different Implementations of VLIW
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#22 Evil weather
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#50 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#32 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#34 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#38 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#71 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#62 3090 ... announce 12Feb85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#31 TCP/IP Available on MVS When?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#42 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#68 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#13 Last card reader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#21 Supervisory Processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#58 Why can't the track format be changed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#23 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#38 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#63 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#53 Image if someone built a general-menu-system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#76 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#23 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#83 How smart do you need to be to be really good with Assembler?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#0 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#68 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#25 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#33 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#27 Getting at the original command name/line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#32 Getting at the original command name/line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#91 rebuild 1403 printer chain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#30 GUI vs 3270 Re: MVS Quick Reference, was: LookAT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#31 Hardware failures (was Re: Scary Sysprogs ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#14 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#21 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#105 DOS descendant still lives was Re: slight reprieve on the z
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#42 DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#7 More IBM DASD RAS discussion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 09 Oct 2016 18:35:09 -0700
JimP. <blue@cwahi.net> writes:
I don't use the cloud as I doubt its security is any good.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#77 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP

lots of things don't have very good security ... including things like automobiles. I've pontificated a lot about security proportional to risk (and/or "risk proportional to security"). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

trivia ... original draft of BASAL-2 included new qualitative section (including how well executives and others understood how the business worked) for "risk adjusted capital reserves" previously purely quantitative based. we had some meetings at NYFed regarding how qualitative risk adjusted capital reserves might be done. However, during the review process ... qualitative section effectively was gutted (we made jokes about they probably didn't really know)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basel_II

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Oct 2016 10:25:48 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Medical devices now have wifi control. We have heard about pacemakers. The latest is, I think, insulin pumps. Someone could hack into them and kill.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#77 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#87 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP

nothing particularly new ...

There was (old) report about war-dialing to every number in sanfran/sanjose/bayarea area codes ... something like 1% of numbers had modem. Lots of systems didn't have passwords or easily guessed passwords ... medical office systems, a couple of the 911 systems in the area, HVAC control systems, lots of other.

decade later there was analysis of dial-up HVAC control system for (very) large (systemic critical) financial datacenter ... where the attack was to raise the temperature ... all the machines had thermal shutdown ... and datacenter was down for day or two (but lots of other installations were found to be vulnerable, like hospitals).

more recently ... lots of SCADA systems in the news accessable remotely with little or no security
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCADA

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

war-dialing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#38 "war-dialing" etymology?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#41 "war-dialing" etymology?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#57 Computer Naming Conventions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#59 Computer Naming Conventions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#32 Usenet invented 30 years ago by a Swede?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#58 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#32 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#48 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#73 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#76 Mainframe hacking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#50 Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#52 Wardialing statistics( was: "Cartons of Punch Cards" )
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#62 Caches, was Wardialing statistics(
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#24 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#100 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#50 old amiga HVAC

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Oct 2016 13:54:11 -0700
andrew@cucumber.demon.co.uk (Andrew Gabriel) writes:
When a company buys it's first server, it will need to implement security around it. That security doesn't scale linearly with number of servers; it gets a bit more complex as you add more and more servers, but that first server probably needed a significant proportion of the security that 10,000 servers need.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#77 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#87 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#88 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP

a decade ago, big (public) cloud datacenters were claiming they assembled their own servers (using commodity parts) for 1/3rd the cost of brand name servers. They were also carefully selecting their "commodity" parts based on lifetime costs (they released some papers on lifetime costs, MTBF, etc ... for things like disk drives).

These "mega" datacenters claim hundreds of thousands of servers with millions of processors. large cloud operator would have several to dozens of such megadatacenters around the world.

reduction in server costs was so great that total datacenter costs started to shift to cooling and electricity ... and they moved to the forefront of green computing.

there started being reports that processor markers were shipping half their product directly to the large cloud operations (that did their own assembly). Within the past couple years ... there have started being reports that large cloud operators are started to have manufacturing runs of customized processors tailored just for them.

security and attacks are just another of the service availability factors that they have had to deal with.

possibly there may be some dataprocessing outsourcing that offer bargain basement prices for raw iron w/o any additional features ... but in general the large public cloud operators have the cost of their specialized hitech operations (including security and attack countermeasures) spread across millions of units.

one of the differences with the brand name vendors ... is that the brand name vendors view most of the computer related stuff as "profit" ... while the large cloud operations view the megadatacenters as "costs" (and are motivated to optimize them as much as possible, optimize doesn't simply mean eliminate $$$, it means make them optimized).

There is some overlap with the large data breaches in the news. We were tangentially involved with the cal (original) data breach notification legislation ... having been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. electronic signature legislation. ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

several of the members were heavily involved in privacy and had done indepth, detailed consumer surveys ... and the #1 issue was "identify theft" ... primarily involving fraudulent transactions as the result of databreaches. At the time, little or nothing was being done abut the data breaches. An issue was that entities typically take security measures in self defense ... however in the case of these breaches, the institution wasn't at risk ... it was the public. It was hoped that the publicity from the breach notifications would prompt corrective countermeasures.

However, an institution client of some cloud operation ... where the cloud operator has the best security available ... it is still possible for the institution to deploy some application that allows security breaches.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Iceland finds all guilty in banker market-abuse case

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Iceland finds all guilty in banker market-abuse case
Date: 11 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
Iceland finds all guilty in banker market-abuse case
http://icelandmonitor.mbl.is/news/politics_and_society/2016/10/06/iceland_finds_all_guilty_in_banker_market_abuse_cas/

Jan2009, I'm asked to HTML'ize Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress may have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

S&L crisis had 1,000 criminal convictions with jail time, economic mess last decade was 70 times larger (and no convictions with jail time, proportionally should have 70,000 doing jail time). past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Oct 2016 09:27:17 -0700
charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:
Why is that useful? Because the speed gains in the last several generations of mainframe are not in clock/cycle speed. System 370 object code does not run any faster on a z13 than on a z10. The gains are in new instructions. The same functionality as that S/370 object code expressed in z13 object code runs a lot faster.

count of latency to memory (& cache miss), when measured in count of processor cycles is comparable to 60s latency to disk when measured in count of 60s processor cycles.

claim is that over half of per processor improvement from z10 to z196 was introduction of latency masking technology (that have been in other platforms for decades), out-of-order execution (proceed with other instructions while waiting for cache miss), speculative execution and branch prediction (start executing instructions before condition for branch is available), etc. (aka basically do other things while waiting on memory).

z196->ec12 is supposedly further refinements in memory latency masking features (again have been in other platforms for decades).

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012


z13 published refs is 30% more throughput than EC12 (or about 100BIPS) with 40% more processors ... or about 710MIPS/proc

I've told story before about after FS imploded there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

303x and 3081 were kicked off in parallel, 3031&3032 were 158&168 repackaged to work with channel director ... and 3033 started out 168 logic mapped to some warmed over FS chips that were 20% faster.

we had a project to do 16-way SMP multiprocessor and had con'ed the 3033 processor engineers to work on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than 3033), many in POK thot it was really neat ... until somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system had effective 16-way support ... then some of us were instructed to never visit POK again (and the 3033 processor engineers were told to stop getting distracted). 16-way finally ships almost 25yrs later (Dec2000).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Oct 2016 10:33:28 -0700
lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:
count of latency to memory (& cache miss), when measured in count of processor cycles is comparable to 60s latency to disk when measured in count of 60s processor cycles.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#91 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer

science center ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

had done virtual machines, virtual memory, paging, etc operating systems in the 60s ... as well as lots of performance monitoring and optimization technology. we gave POK some tutorials in the 70s when they were migrating from os/360 to VS2 on the subject.

One of the performance optimizating technologies done by the scientific center was eventually released to customers as "VS/Repack" ... it did semi-optimated program organization for paging environment. These days, caches are the modern memory, and cache misses are the modern page faults, and latency to memory (when measured in processor cycles) is comparable to access to paging devices.

In the 70s, lots of OS/VS products used the internal version of VS/Repack for adapting their products to virtual memory environment (also for use on general performance optimization ... since a of the tools that could feed into VS/Repack and program organization could be used for hot-spot analysis)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
Date: 12 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
https://www.amazon.com/Chain-Title-Americans-Uncovered-Foreclosure-ebook/dp/B01DV1YERY/

loc610-12:
Countrywide, which came out of nowhere to become the nation's largest mortgage originator, was part of a new system of mortgage financing that realized Lew Ranieri's master plan for Wall Street domination of the residential housing market. Congress shepherded the industry down this path, eliminating roadblocks so lenders could issue mortgages to people with bad credit.

... snip ...

Note, glosses over a few details. Oct2008 congressional hearing into role that the rating agencies played in the economic mess, testimony was that both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A. Triple-A ratings enabled being able to sell to funds that were restricted to "safe" investments, like large public and private pension funds. It was major factor in being able to do over $27T in 2001-2008.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Original rhetoric in congress regarding the major purpose of GLBA was to block new & more efficient competitors in banking ... however additions added repeal of Glass-Steagall (not major factor in economic mess, but enables too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail and feeling of immunity from any major consequences).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

When chair of CFTC proposed regulating some of this, the chair was quickly replaced by the wife of the major senator responsible for GLBA, while he got legislation added to CFTC modernization that blocked such regulation. His wife then resigns and become director of ENRON and on the audit committee (some of the CFTC legislation is characterized as gift for ENRON).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

disclaimer: In 1999, I was asked to help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of the supporting documents in securitized mortgages. However, being able to pay for triple-A ratings (also) enables no-down, no-documentation, liar loans; "no-documentation" eliminates issue of supporting document integrity.

In Jan2009, I was asked to HTMLize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Last decade, we drove down to southern florida and stayed in west palm beach. We were sitting on sidewalk outside Starbucks in new development ... that had shops on the ground floor and three floors of condos above. We watched real-estate agents conducting tours of 12-24 people groups up&down several block area (looked like tourist tour groups). Local papers were talking about teachers and janitors buying 3-4 condos each, with no-down, no-documentation, interest-only, liar loans. They were being told that baby boomers were retiring, selling their mcmansions and descending on florida with huge bags of money

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
Date: 12 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy and military during 20s&30s, "The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War"
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc873-79:

Sullivan & Cromwell floated the first American bonds issued by the giant German steelmaker and arms manufacturer Krupp A.G., extended I.G. Farben's global reach, and fought successfully to block Canada's effort to restrict the export of steel to German arms makers.

loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

trivia: from the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing Program needed locations of German industrial and military targets, they got the German target location information from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis, Intrepid,
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

loc1901-4:

One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become "river of blood," other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.

... snip ...

Note that Stalin was worried that he would have to deal with two-front war if Japan attacked also, in order to divert Japan's attention, they sent draft demands to their agent, deputy SECTREAS Harry Dexter White:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations

According to Benn Steil, director of international economics at the Council on Foreign Relations, while "no single individual can be said to have triggered" the Pearl Harbor attack, Harry Dexter White "was the author of the key ultimatum demands". Steil also maintains "the Japanese government made the decision to move forward with the Pearl Harbor strike after receiving the ultimatum.

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning john foster dulles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#86 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#77 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#78 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#80 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#91 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#11 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#64 Strategic Bombing

other posts mentioning hull note &/or harry dexter white
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
Date: 13 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#93 Chain of Title

loc3267-68:

Mortgage fraud meant something very particular to law enforcement: individual borrowers lying on their applications to acquire home loans, or scam artists ripping off homeowners with false promises about mortgage modifications.

... snip ...

and a little background:

Obama's FBI Channels the Tea Party -- Partner with the Banks and Blame the Poor for the Crisis
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/08/bill-black-obamas-fbi-channels-the-tea-party-partner-with-the-banks-and-blame-the-poor-for-the-crisis.html

This column discusses the more consequential and damaging product of the FBI/MBA partnership. The MBA presented a definition of "mortgage fraud" under which the bank is always the innocent victim and never a perpetrator. Because the FBI and DOJ did not draw on the banking regulators' expertise due to the death of criminal referrals by the agencies the FBI fell for the MBA con.

... snip ...

as the bubble was crashing, CBS 60mins had segment on MBA (mortgage bankers association) ... MBA had press articles telling home owners to not walk away from their underwater mortgages ... but MBA was hard to find, they had disappeared from their new hdqtrs bldg (across the street from IMF & world bank) and defaulted on their mortgage.

triva: earlier we had attended some financial standards meetings that MBA hosted (at their new hdqtrs bldg) ... focused on giving digital signatures legal standing on mortgage documents (possibly helping address MERS?). disclaimer: we had previously been brought in to help word smith the Cal. state electronic signature legislation.

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
somewhat related posts on toxic CDOs (securitized mortgages/loans)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

past posts mentioning FBI & mortgage fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#63 SEC: Taking on Big Firms is 'Tempting,' But We Prefer Picking on Little Guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#36 The Incredible Con the Banksters Pulled on the FBI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#15 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#64 Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#69 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#97 Australia: Haven for Bank Control Frauds?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#40 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#95 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
Date: 13 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#93 Chain of Title
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#95 Chain of Title

When director of CIA won't agree to "Team B" Soviet analysis justifying huge increase in military spending, he is replaced by somebody that would
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

Team B posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

Rumsfeld white house chief of staff (74-75), after replacing CIA director he becomes SECDEF (75-77), and replaced by his assistant, Dick Cheney. He is again SECDEF 2001-2006
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Rumsfeld

When Rumsfeld was white house chief of staff 74-75, Cheney was on his staff. Cheney then becomes white house chief of staff when Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF. Cheney is then SECDEF from 89-93 and VP 2001-2009
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney

another "Team B" member (note "Team B" was also involved in supporting Iran/Iraq war)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
He is a leading neoconservative.[4] As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork.

... snip ...

VP (and former director of CIA) claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis (which had 1000 criminal convictions & jailtime), proportionally there should have been 70,000 criminal convictions (with jailtimes), so far nobody has even been charged.

too big to fail post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 14 Oct 2016 08:52:56 -0700
sipples@SG.IBM.COM (Timothy Sipples) writes:
No, not optimistic. Mere fact. Sun Microsystems made Java 1.0 generally available for download on January 23, 1996, for the Windows 95, Windows NT, and Solaris operating systems (three different operating systems across two different processor architectures). That was over two decades ago.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#91 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#92 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer

trivia: general manager of the sun business group responsible for java had formally been at IBM Los Gatos lab ... and one of two people responsible for the original mainframe pascal (I got invited to the JAVA announce).

In the early 90s, object language were all the rage and (at least) both Apple and Sun were doing new operating systems (Apple's Pink and Sun's SPRING).

Before SUN abandoned SPRING, I was asked if I would be interested in coming onboard and bringing SPRING to commercial quality for release (I did some review and then declined). Note the SPRING and GREEN (JAVA) people claimed that there was no overlap between the two ... although from SPRING: A Client-Side Stub Interpreter
We have built a research operating system in which all services are presented through interfaces described by an interface description language. The system consists of a micro-kernel that supports a small number of these interfaces, and a large number of interfaces that are implemented by user-level code. A typical service implements one or more interfaces, but is a client of many other interfaces that are implemented elsewhere in the system. We have an interface compiler that generates client-side and service-side stubs to deliver calls from clients to services providing location transparency if the client and server are in different address spaces. The code for client-side stubs was occupying a large amount of the text space on our clients, so a stub interpreter was written to replace the client-side stub methods. The result was that we traded 125k bytes of stub code for 13k bytes of stub descriptions and 4k bytes of stub interpreter. This paper describes the stub interpreter, the stub descriptions, and discusses some alternatives.

... snip ...

past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#32 Whom Do Programmers Admire Now???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#51 A Speculative question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#69 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#46 Computer Science Education: Where Are the Software Engineers of Tomorrow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#60 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#80 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#18 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#94 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#71 Future of COBOL based on RDz policies was Re: RDz or RDzEnterprise developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#85 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#39 Resistance to Java

note that I've periodically claimed that the father of 801/RISC had gone to the opposite extreme of the (failed) Future System effort.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

In the late 70s, there was an effort to replace a myriad of internal IBM microprocessors all, with 801/RISC (Iliad) ... controlers, low & mid-range 370, AS/400 (follow-on to S/38). The 4361 & 4381 (followon to 4331 and 4341) were originally going to be Iliad microprocessors. For the 4361/4381 Iliad, they were looking in addition to straight interpreting 370 (like early generations of 360 & 370), a JIT (just-in-time) compiler that took snipets of 370->801. In the early 70s, I had written a PLI program that analyzed 370 assembler programs, creating a high-level abstraction of the instructions and program flow ... and got asked to spend some time talking to the Iliad/JIT people. Note for various reasons, these Iliad efforts failed and all reverted to doing traditional CISC processors (and some of the RISC/801 engineers leave and start showing up at other companies working on RISC efforts).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

In the late 80s some 370 emulation efforts started which morph into Hercules and other offerings. At least one of the commercial 370 emulator offerings implemented JIT (370->native) on-the-fly (for intel & sparc) for high-use 370 code snippets.

During the 90s, there was a lot about the RISC throughput performance advantage over I86. However, starting about two decades ago, I86 processor implementations started doing hardware translation of I86 instructions to series of risc micro-ops for actual execution ... which has contributed to largely closing the throughput difference between I86 and RISC processors.

past posts about PLI program that did 370 program analysis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#12 360 "OS" & "TSS" assemblers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#41 Domainatrix - the final word
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#36 Assembly language formatting on IBM systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#8 "Clean" CISC (was Re: McKinley Cometh...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#21 REXX still going strong after 25 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#36 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#35 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#16 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#72 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#52 Where should the type information be?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#45 IBM's POWER6
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#32 transputers again was: The demise of Commodore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#1 Greatest Software Ever Written?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#24 A Day For Surprises (Astounding Itanium Tricks)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#53 Is the teaching of non-reentrant HLASM coding practices ever defensible?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#31 To RISC or not to RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#32 To RISC or not to RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#41 Is this true? (Were gotos really *that* bad?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#21 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#35 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#64 IBM System/360 DOS still going strong as Z/VSE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#48 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#57 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#30 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#43 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#32 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#65 You know you've been Lisp hacking to long when
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#37 Language first, hardware second
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#49 "How do you feel about 'gotos'"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#69 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#24 You thought IEFBR14 was bad? Try GNU's /bin/true code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#25 Is it a lost cause?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
Date: 14 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#93 Chain of Title
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#95 Chain of Title
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#96 Chain of Title

note that the head of SEC last decade is #4 on Time's list of those responsible for the economic mess, there was lots of objection when the current SEC head was nominated.

The SEC Fiddles While the System Burns: Insider Trading Enforcement As Securities Law Theater
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/10/the-sec-fiddles-while-the-system-burns-insider-trading-enforcement-as-securities-law-theater.html
Liz Warren Demands Obama Fire SEC Chief Over Political Donation Disclosures
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-10-14/liz-warren-demands-obama-fire-sec-chief-over-political-donation-disclosures

Rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything last decade, they started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reports, even showing uptic after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jail time). Less well known is that SOX also has SEC doing something about the rating agencies (that played pivotal role in the economic mess), but SEC did about as much about them as the fraudulent financial reporting.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley

other trivia, congressional hearings into Madoff had the person that tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

past posts mentioning current head of SEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#60 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#68 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#18 Fortune's Formula: The Untold Story Of The Scientific Betting System That Beat The Casinos And Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#28 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#42 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#49 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#107 The SEC's Mary Jo White Punts on High Frequency Trading and Abandons Securities Act of 1934
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#41 New York's Benjamin Lawksy and the SEC's Kara Stein and Luis Aguilar Push for Tougher Sanctions Against Bank Executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#81 Stanford Law School Covers Up SEC's Andrew Bowden's Embarrassing Remarks by Deep-Sixing Conference Video
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#58 Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#87 Calls for SEC Chair's Replacement Grow Louder in DC

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Internet started in the US, then it was privatized

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Internet started in the US, then it was privatized
Date: 14 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
The Internet started in the US, then it was privatized
http://cis471.blogspot.com/2016/10/the-role-of-government-in-shaping.html

early 80s we were working with NSF director and were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other agencies) but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect in, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Late 80s, FEDs want everything to convert to GOSIP and eliminate TCP/IP. At Interop '88 a good number of the booths were demonstrating various GOSIP support.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88

The TELCO industry had large fixed costs funded by usage charges and they were in chicken&egg situation; to encourage new generation of high-bandwidth applications they had to drastically reduce usage charges, but it would take years for the new generation high-bandwidth applications, years while they operated at a loss. The folklore is that industry actually provided resources 4-5 times bandwidth of the winning RFP response with restriction that it couldn't be used for commercial purposes ... this provided the technology incubator for the new generation of high-bandwidth applications (w/o impacting their revenue).

Trivia: the original RFP called for T1 links (in part because that is what we already had running). The winning RFP actually installed 440kbit links and then to somewhat look like they were meeting the RFP, they installed T1 trunks with telco multiplexors, running multiple 440kbit links over the T1 trunks. We would periodically ridicule that they could call it a T5 network, since some of those T1 trunks were multiplexed over T5 trunks.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

D.C. Hivemind Mulls How Clinton Can Pass Huge Corporate Tax Cut

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: D.C. Hivemind Mulls How Clinton Can Pass Huge Corporate Tax Cut
Date: 15 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
D.C. Hivemind Mulls How Clinton Can Pass Huge Corporate Tax Cut
https://theintercept.com/2016/10/15/d-c-hivemind-mulls-how-clinton-can-pass-huge-corporate-tax-cut/

American multinational corporations are currently holding $2.4 trillion in profits overseas.

A significant chunk of this was, by any rational accounting, actually earned in the U.S. However, American companies like Apple use legal chicanery to make much of their profits appear to be "earned" in foreign, low-tax countries like Ireland.


... snip ...

poster-child is large equipment maker, builds in the US, and ships to customers in the US. It then created "distributor" subsidiary in tax haven; books are cooked so that wholesale to distributor subsidiary at cost, which then sells to customers in the US (still delivers directly to customer in US), so all profit is booked in tax haven.
http://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks
tax fraud, tax evasion, tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fax.evasion

They can even cook the books so that the US operations show a loss, declare bankruptcy and dump the employee pension obligations on the federal gov (even while the parent company shows substantial profit)
http://www.pbgc.gov

Note congress allows Fiscal Responsibility Act (required spending not exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt) to expire in 2002. In 2010, CBO did report that since the act expired, tax revenue was cut $6T and spending increased $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to fiscal responsible budget), first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars.

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

In the middle of last decade, US Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school math for how badly they were savaging the budget. Since then taxes have not been restored and little cuts in spending, so deficit continues to grow.

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
Date: 15 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#93 Chain of Title
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#95 Chain of Title
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#96 Chain of Title
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#98 Chain of Title

loc4421-4425:

Stoller went on to explain his skepticism about Attorney General Eric Holder and the head of the Criminal Division, Lanny Breuer. Both had worked as corporate lawyers for Covington & Burling, which not only represented every major bank but provided the legal opinions that created MERS.

loc5243-47:

Banks had been caught red-handed submitting false documents to courts, with millions of documented examples, and law enforcement treated it like a man catching a too-puny fish and throwing it back. No one bothered to investigate the misconduct, instead charging banks $2,000 for every family they threw into chaos and leaving it at that. That evidence would be unusable in future cases; Nevada couldn't go up the food chain from LPS and nail servicers for fraudulent documents. Ongoing foreclosure fraud using previously submitted forgeries and fabrications would be effectively legalized, or at least beyond the reach of state and federal prosecutors.

... snip ...

And the Award for Best Financial Crisis Book ...
https://baselinescenario.com/2016/08/02/and-the-award-for-best-financial-crisis-book/

The substance of the argument has been well known for years, so I'll try to pack it into one sentence: The banks creating mortgage-backed securities failed to properly transfer notes (the documents proving a borrower's obligation) to the trusts that issued the MBS, so not only was the securitization itself faulty, but the trust did not have legal standing to foreclose on homeowners--so the banks paid third-party companies to forge the required paper trail, and lawyers knowingly submitted fraudulent evidence to courts, who usually accepted it.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning holder and/or breuer:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#60 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#0 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#1 Libor Lies Revealed in Rigging of $300 Trillion Benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#9 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#94 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#97 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#2 Too-Big-To-Fail, Too-Big-To-Prosecute, Too-Big-To-Jail, not just a problem in the USA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#14 What Makes Infrastructure investment not bizarre
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#22 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#26 JPMorgan Sued For Crony Justice - Presenting "A Decade of Illegal Conduct by JP Morgan Chase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#27 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#101 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#1 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#92 How Much Does It Cost To Keep JPMorgan FX-Riggers Out Of Jail?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#153 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#19 Have the Banks Escaped Criminal Prosecution because They're Spying Surrogates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#23 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#37 LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#57 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#64 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#30 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#49 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#56 The long, slow death of the rule of law in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#4 Decimal point character and billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#31 Talk of Criminally Prosecuting Corporations Up, Actual Prosecutions Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#44 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#47 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#65 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#10 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#11 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#22 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#0 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#25 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#73 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#16 There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#53 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#88 Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#1 Why Is the Obama Administration Trying to Keep 11,000 Documents Sealed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#29 Eric Holder's Longtime Excuse for Not Prosecuting Banks Just Crashed and Burned
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#79 And the Award for Best Financial Crisis Book

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
Date: 15 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#93 Chain of Title
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#95 Chain of Title
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#96 Chain of Title
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#98 Chain of Title
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#101 Chain of Title

see "no bid" below

Only the last 100hrs of 42day Desert Storm (Iraq1) was land war. Several accounts of Iraq1 tank battles with coalition forces taking no damage, don't mentioning if the Iraqi tanks had anybody home.

From GAO desert storm air power report,
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134

has the desert storm air campaign so effective that Iraqis were walking away from their tanks (as sitting ducks). Combat engineers were across the berms in bradleys three days before the landwar started and 50miles into enemy territory, seeing enemy tanks on the horizon but no enemy fire. One of Boyd's acolytes writes a book about his experiences ... HBO turns into (dramatized) movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars

A10 fires 1M 30MM DU rounds in desert storm that burton had gotten down to $13/round ... or cost $13M. Burton then suggests doing a mini-A10 with 5 barrel gun that is simple enough that can be forward deployed and maintained (these days would more likely be a drone). Note Burton had been in the first graduating class from Air Force academy and on fast track to General, when he says Boyd destroyed his career by challenging him to do what was right.

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

early last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned. She wrote a book (published in 2010) about providing the evidence to her cousin and others, then getting locked up in Texas military hospital
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

The decommissioned WMDs (tracing back to US and Iran/Iraq war) were found early in the Iraq2 invasion, but the information was classified for 10years, finally released in 2014, substantiated Card's cousins evidence.
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/iraqs-disclosure-of-chemical-weapons-findings-to-un.html

WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

Note military-industrial complex wanted the Iraq2 war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for the fabricated WMDs ... later when they got around to going back, over million metric tons had evaporated.
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

In Vietnam US relied heavily on heavy artillery and air power. This was greatly refined Desert Storm where US Air Power dominated the field. Assertions are that Iraq had learned from Desert Storm and changed tactics to minimize targets for US Air Power. Then large artillery shells start showing up in IEDs including taking out Abram tanks (large artillery shells were adapted to IEDs rather than large guns and tanks). This account has Abram's so vulnerable that they took to running the route before taking Abrams out (also 2007-2008 worse than Fallujah 2004-2005, but didn't get coverage because administration said things were better)
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-Way-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

Part of original Iraq2 justification was that it would *only* cost $50B ... assuming advances in air power would be even more effective than Desert Storm ... however it didn't work out that way. Two wars are now projected to exceed $5T (over 100 times more) when long term veterans benefits are taken into account.

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them (also references oil rig company that was transformed into one of the largest defense contractors after former SECDEF and future VP becomes CEO, including no-bid contracts in Iraq)
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/

The Clausewitz Roundtable
https://www.amazon.com/Clausewitz-Roundtable-Michael-J-Lotus-ebook/dp/B01KCX0G4Y/

loc3772-75:

To select just one inexcusable failure, Secretary of DEFENSE Donald Rumsfeld was determined to use a relatively small force to execute the war, believing correctly that the goal of destroying the Iraqi army could be achieved in this fashion, and that using a relatively smaller force was otherwise advantageous. However, this approach was totally at odds with the further, ill-considered war aim of "transforming" Iraq into a democratic ally. This aim was delusional and should never have been a policy of the American government.

... snip ...

As an aside, written in 1920s about 1911-1914 ... Churchill explains steps leading to the mess in the middle east ... started with planning to move from 13.5in to 15in guns; loc2012-14:

From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2080-83:

For instance, nearly a hundred men were continually occupied in the Lion shovelling coal from one steel chamber to another without ever seeing the light either of day or of the furnace fires. The use of oil made it possible in every type of vessel to have more gun-power and more speed for less size or less cost. It alone made it possible to realize the high speeds in certain types which were vital to their tactical purpose. All these advantages were obtained simply by burning oil instead of coal under the boilers.

loc2087-89:

To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2123-24:

An unbroken series of consequences conducted us to the Anglo-Persian Oil Convention.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
Date: 15 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
Network science shows London is at the heart of the world's corporate elite
http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/businessreview/2016/07/15/network-science-shows-london-is-at-the-heart-of-the-worlds-corporate-elite/

Treasure Islands: Uncovering the Damage of Offshore Banking and Tax Havens; "City of London" (corporations are human and have vote), pg71/loc1477-79:
The City's nine thousand-odd human residents have one vote each in municipal elections here. But businesses in the City vote too, as if they were human, with thirty-two thousand corporate votes. 25 In effect, Goldman Sachs, the Bank of China, Moscow Narodny Bank, and KPMG can vote in a hugely important British election.

... snip ...

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
Date: 16 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
https://www.yahoo.com/news/win-cyber-war-against-russia-201450459.html

Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb; Got to get educated before we can defeat Internet threats
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/30a00a8d29ad

We are cyberdumb. Opponents have danced through our networks several times extracting detailed designs for advanced weapon systems (including radar & stealth). some of this went on for years before it was discovered
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

other references

The Feds Have Let the Cyber World Burn. Let's Put the Fire Out
http://www.wired.com/2016/03/feds-let-cyber-world-burn-lets-put-fire/
NSA asks Silicon Valley to help fight cybercrime, terrorism
http://www.networkworld.com/article/3040175/security/nsa-asks-silicon-valley-to-help-fight-cybercrime-terrorism.html
Bruce Schneier: We're sleepwalking towards digital disaster and are too dumb to stop; Coders and tech bros playing chance with the future
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/03/02/sleepwalking_towards_digital_disaster/

the alternative scenario is that beltway bandits earning hundreds of billions and trillions can't be that incompetent ... but are doing it on purpose, related Success of Failure (mostly repeated failures of dataprocessing modernization efforts)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

the perpetual war scenario, would have leaking information done on purpose rather than from total incompetence
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
Date: 16 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia

is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin?, ... they sent over people to demonstrate how capitalism loots a country: John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

and Russian Military Politics and Russia's 2010 Defense Doctrine
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1050

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#16 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#73 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#59 How Putin Weaponized Wikileaks to Influence the Election of an American President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
Date: 16 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#105 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia

There were battles with gov. agencies all through the ages about how much cyber-security. It was in the 80s, I realized that there are 3 kinds of crypto. I was involved in doing crypto that was ten times better and small fraction of the cost. I was then told I could make as many as I wanted, but they all had to be shipped to address in Maryland ... aka 1) there is crypto they don't care about, 2) there is crypto you can't do, and 3) there is crypto you can only do for them.

more recently it is huge uptic in outsourcing last decade ... 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

past posts mentioning three kinds crypto
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#57 RealNames hacked. Firewall issues.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#43 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#85 Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#31 The Vindication of Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#77 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#10 "NSA foils much internet encryption"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#40 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
Date: 17 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#105 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia

1) long ago and far away we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payments on their server; they had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now sometimes called "electronic commerce". I had complete authority over server to payment gateway (which haven't been known to have exploits) ... but could only make recommendations on the client/server part ... which were almost immediately violated ... continue to account for some number of exploits that continue to this day.

some SSL related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcert

2) we were tangentially involved in the (Cal, original) data breach notification act, having been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature act. Some were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done extensive public surveys. The #1 issue was identity theft, notably fraudulent financial transactions as the result of breaches. The issue is normally entities take security measures in self protection ... in the case of breaches, it wasn't the institutions at risk, it was the public. It was hoped that the publicity from the breaches would motivate security measures

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
Date: 17 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#105 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#107 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia

3) somewhat having done "electronic commerce" we were asked to participate in x9a10 financial standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments. We did detailed end-to-end exploit and vulnerability studies of all kinds of retail payments. We didn't do anything directly about breaches or evesdropping, we write a standard that slightly tweaked the current infrastructure and eliminated the ability of the crooks to use information from previous transactions for fraudulent transactions (eliminated the primary motivation for breaches and need for "SSL", a variation on "replay" attack, enormously reducing the attack surface). The agency was quite ambivalent, the transactions no longer needed encryption to hide details as countermeasure to fraud, but they were also anonymous. (it was intended for world/ISO standard and at the time the EU had data protection act which included electronic transactions were suppose to be as anonymous as cash). The major problem was that it significantly reduced barriers to entry in payment industry .. this is in time-frame of GLBA, rhetoric on the floor of congress was that the primary purpose of GLBA (now better known for repeal of Glass-Steagall) was to keep new competition out of banking.

refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

I started using security proportional to risk to describe the current paradigm, the value of transaction information to the merchant is the profit ... which can be a few dollars, while the value to the criminal is the credit limit &/or account balance. As a result the crooks may be able to outspend attacking by orders of magnitude (compared to what merchants can spend defending).

security proportional to risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

also, dual use threat, in the current paradigm, the information necessary for the crook to make a fraudulent transaction ... is also required in the standard transaction business processes at millions of location around the world; as a result the information is both/simultaneously a) needed to be readily available and b) kept confidential and never divulged. As a result, we've commented that even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't prevent leaks.

and dual use posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#2 GP4.3 - Growth and Fraud - Case #3 - Phishing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004i.html#17 New Method for Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#52 PGP Lame question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#45 U.S. agents 'got lucky' pursuing accused Russia master hackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#46 Feds indict indentity theft ring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#12 How the IETF plans to protect the web from NSA snooping
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#102 How the IETF plans to protect the web from NSA snooping

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Airlines Reservation Systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Airlines Reservation Systems
Date: 17 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
In the mid-90s, was brought into the largest airline reservation system to look at the ten impossible things they couldn't do. They started out with ROUTES and gave me a copy of the complete OAG tape. I went away and came back with implementation two months later that did all ten impossible things. Big part of the issue was that what they were running was paradigm from the 60s based on technology trade-offs from that period. I started from scratch based on 90s technologies trade-offs. The 60s paradigm had huge numbers of people prep'ing data (which also accounted for some of the ten impossible things). With the 90s paradigm, it did all ten impossible things ... also eliminated all those manual operations.

They then started wringing there hands ... and finally said that they hadn't intended that I did it ... they just wanted to be able to tell the parent board that I was working on it (for the next 5yrs, apparently I was known to one of the board members when they had been executive at STL lab many years before). The airline res executive had these large number of people doing the manual operations ... and he would be obsoleted with them.

Note they had organized the books so that all the profit was booked in the reservation system. At the time, the airline operations was having substantial losses, but the parent company had substantial profit (profit from the reservation system more than offset the operation losses). This was apparently an advantage in dealing with unions in airline operations.

Started seeing in the 80s, more large corporations setting up parent company with subsidiaries, revenue from subsidiary with majority of people (like manufacturing or airlines) is moved to subsidiary with very few people. In some cases, it shows subsidiary with lots of people operating at a loss, declare bankruptcy and dump pension plans on the federal gov. (while parent is making profit from subsidiary where most of profit is booked). More recent, they've been moving the subsidiary with the profit to offshore tax haven. Poster child is large company that manufacturers in the US and sells to customers in the US. They then create a "distributor" subsidiary (that is nothing more than shoebox) in off-share tax haven, equipment is "transferred" to distributor books at cost and then sold to US customers and shipped to US customers (but all the profit is booked in the tax haven). some refs:
http://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks

tax havens, tax evasion, tax fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

misc. past posts mentioning airline res systems and/or ROUTES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#17 Old Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#100 Why won't the AS/400 die? Or, It's 1999 why do I have to learn how to use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#103 IBM 9020 computers used by FAA (was Re: EPO stories (was: HELP IT'S HOT!!!!!))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#136a checks (was S/390 on PowerPC?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#20 Competitors to SABRE?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#26 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#69 Block oriented I/O over IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#45 Did AT&T offer Unix to Digital Equipment in the 70s?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#49 Did AT&T offer Unix to Digital Equipment in the 70s?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#17 I hate Compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#0 TSS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#3 News IBM loses supercomputer crown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#2 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#3 Why are Mainframe Computers really still in use at all?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#12 Why did OSI fail compared with TCP-IP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#43 IBM doing anything for 50th Anniv?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#83 HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#83 Summary: Robots of Doom
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#67 Tweaking old computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#48 InfiniBand Group Sharply, Evenly Divided
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#30 diffence between itanium and alpha
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#67 unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#3 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#47 What makes a mainframe a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#6 Mainframe not a good architecture for interactive workloads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#44 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#58 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#14 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#6 Xah Lee's Unixism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#23 Demo: Things in Hierarchies (w/o RM/SQL)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#29 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#26 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#85 The TransRelational Model: Performance Concerns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#22 The Soul of Barb's New Machine (was Re: creat)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#41 something like a CTC on a PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#67 intel's Vanderpool and virtualization in general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#47 Using the Cache to Change the Width of Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#22 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#44 What was new&important in computer architecture 10 years ago ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#44 Intel engineer discusses their dual-core design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#7 HASP/ASP JES/JES2/JES3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#5 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#6 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#9 Arpa address
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#4 How Many 360/195s and 370/195s were shipped?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#18 RAMAC 305(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#18 50th Anniversary of invention of disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#52 US Air computers delay psgrs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#22 Bidirectional Binary Self-Joins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#41 US Airways badmouths legacy system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#41 Fast and Safe C Strings: User friendly C macros to Declare and use C Strings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#28 Even worse than UNIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#72 The top 10 dead (or dying) computer skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#8 nouns and adjectives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#45 64 gig memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#53 Migration from Mainframe to othre platforms - the othe bell?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#19 American Airlines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#32 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#41 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technologies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#33 IBM touts encryption innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#55 IBM halves mainframe Linux engine prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#66 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#59 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#73 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#74 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#80 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#19 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#52 Article says mainframe most cost-efficient platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#42 IBM 3883 Manuals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#16 Sabre Talk Information?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#81 Hashing for DISTINCT or GROUP BY in SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#17 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#42 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#14 Sabre; The First Online Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#43 Sabre; The First Online Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#8 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#77 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#35 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#92 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#8 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#70 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#7 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#23 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#50 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#16 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#59 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#13 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#1 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#7 From build to buy: American Airlines changes modernization course midflight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#52 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#65 Linear search vs. Binary search
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#87 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#0 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#20 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#10 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#54 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#101 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#53 transactions, was There Is Still Hope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#84 History--error checking in Baudot (5 bit) transmissions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#34 50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#41 50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#54 RR songs, was Re: e50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#57 RR songs, was Re: e50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#58 RR songs, was Re: e50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#69 RR songs, was Re: e50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#107 crash, restart, and all that, was Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#117 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#93 Delta Outage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#98 E.R. Burroughs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970









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