List of Archived Posts

2017 Newsgroup Postings (06/12 - )

OFF TOPIC: 1949 self propelled railway diesel car
RIP Morten Reistad
What the DEC?!? Records of Minicomputer Giant Digital Equipment Corporation Open for Research at CHM
OFF TOPIC: 1949 self propelled railway diesel car
Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
RFE? xlc compile option for C integers to be "Intel compat" or Little-Endian
Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
Mainframe Networking problems
Mainframe Networking problems
Six Sigma
Mainframe Networking problems
Mainframe Networking problems
Mainframe Networking problems
Why the Pentagon would rather hire bin Laden than Donald Vandergriff
Mainframe Networking problems
HONE Systems
The Microsoft security hole at the heart of Russian election hacking
Wall Street
BMC Software explores merger with CA
Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
IBM Future Sytem 1975, 1977
Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Google Employees Weighed in on What Makes a Highly Effective Manager. Technical Expertise Came in Dead Last
Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Google Employees Weighed in on What Makes a Highly Effective Manager. Technical Expertise Came in Dead Last
Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)</a>
FCC proposes record fine for robocall scheme
CMSBACK
The most important invention from every state
360/95
The most important invention from every state
Iran/Contra and Email
Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
The most important invention from every state
F-35
The most important invention from every state
Windows 10 Pro automatic update
The rise and fall of IBM
SS Trust Fund
Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
SS Trust Fund
Stopping the Internet of noise
Boyd's OODA-loop
Dunkirk
Boyd's OODA-loop
Stopping the Internet of noise
What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
Stopping the Internet of noise
Stopping the Internet of noise
Deconstructing the "Warrior Caste:" The Beliefs and Backgrounds of Senior Military Elites
Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
Play the Pentagon-Funded Video Game That Predates Pong
Real World OODA
What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
Is AMD Dooomed? A Silly Suggestion!
Is AMD Dooomed? A Silly Suggestion!
What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
MULTICS & VM370 History
48-year-old Multics Operating System Resurrected
What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
TRAX manual set for sale
TRAX manual set for sale
This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
Bad Ideas
Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
IBM z14 High-lights
IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
z/VM subcapacity pricing
Stopping the Internet of noise
IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
In Silicon Valley, dropping in at the GooglePlex, tech museums and the Jobs garage
The U.S. Military Believes People Have a Sixth Sense
AI Is Inventing Languages Humans Can't Understand. Should We Stop It?
Hard Drives Started Out as Massive Machines That Were Rented by the Month
IBM Another Disappointment
IBM Another Disappointment
modern programming languages?
The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
Why CEO pay structures harm companies
SEX
SEX
SEX

OFF TOPIC: 1949 self propelled railway diesel car

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OFF TOPIC: 1949 self propelled railway diesel car
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 12 Jun 2017 22:05:02 -0700

Budd Cars
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budd_Rail_Diesel_Car

The largest RDC fleets were in the Northeast United States. The New
York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (New Haven) acquired 40 RDCs,
which it called "Shoreliners", in 1952-53. By 1955 these accounted for
65% of the New Haven's passenger routes.[25] This achievement was
eclipsed by the Boston and Maine Railroad, whose fleet grew to 108 by
1958. The B&M's RDCs operated 90% of the company's passenger routes,
including its extensive commuter operations around Boston,
Massachusetts.[26]

... snip ...

commuted B&M (budd car)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_and_Maine_Railroad

from 70-77 to north station and frequently then walked to 545 tech sq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

across science museum or longfellow bridge.

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#8 how to set up a computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#12 Home mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#41 TGV in the USA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#43 Mainframe Emulation Solutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#7 OT Global warming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#28 Penn Central RR computer system failure?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#14 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#45 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#73 Cormpany sponsored insurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#62 Urban transportation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#69 Urban transportation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#83 What Makes travel Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#1 I Feel Old

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RIP Morten Reistad

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: RIP Morten Reistad
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 13 Jun 2017 08:18:31 -0700

Knut Borge <kborge@saruman.uio.no> writes:

Hello people. I am sad to say that earlier today I heard from a
colleague that Morten passed away June 4th. I do not have any more
information than this.

found there is process on facebook for people that have passed. also
reference on "EUnet and KPNQwest Norway" page
https://www.facebook.com/groups/2358268746/?ref=nf_target&fref=nf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What the DEC?!? Records of Minicomputer Giant Digital Equipment Corporation Open for Research at CHM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What the DEC?!? Records of Minicomputer Giant Digital Equipment Corporation Open for Research at CHM
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 13 Jun 2017 11:21:31 -0700

What the DEC?!? Records of Minicomputer Giant Digital Equipment
Corporation Open for Research at CHM
http://www.computerhistory.org/atchm/what-the-dec-records-of-minicomputer-giant-digital-equipment-corporation-open-for-research-at-chm/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OFF TOPIC: 1949 self propelled railway diesel car

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OFF TOPIC: 1949 self propelled railway diesel car
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 14 Jun 2017 10:58:53 -0700

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#0 OFF TOPIC: 1949 self propelled railway diesel car

On-line Archives, B&M Railroad Historical Society
http://www.bmrrhs.org/on-lines-archives/

some refs:

Budd Car Diagrams
https://static1.squarespace.com/static/53a3b0e7e4b0356e962ad8f4/t/53b955f1e4b09a1fb52b4671/1404655089471/Budd_Car_Diagrams.pdf

How The Boston & Maine Uses BUDD Diesel Cars
https://static1.squarespace.com/static/53a3b0e7e4b0356e962ad8f4/t/55947a3fe4b04dc637b861b4/1435793983841/How+the+B%26M+Uses+Budd+Cars+1948.pdf

I looked with great deal of tolerance at the results obtained with Budds
on the B&M and my predecessors' results and wondered why they did not do
something like this but after all is said and done none of you fellows
who are accountants ever solved your problems with an electronic
computer until somebody got you an electronic computer. We did not solve
our problem with Budd cars until Budd gave us the model.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
Date: 14 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
https://medium.com/birds-view/mapping-the-decentralized-world-of-tomorrow-5bf36b973203

A network expert from IBM corporate asked Ed on how the internal
network operated. Ed told him about the decentralized design. The
expert said that it was proved that to do a decentralized
implementation required enormous resources. The expert said he had
access to all IBM spending&funding details and there was never that
much money spent on networking (so what Ed was telling couldn't be
true).

Some parts of IBM had trouble moving to charging for software. For
charging, IBM would do low, medium, and high charging and the
forecasted number of customers (theoretically lower charge would mean
more customers). Gov. regulations required that total revenue
(charge*no.customers) had to cover support and maintenance plus
original development. JES2 networking couldn't come up charge &
forecast that met the rules (even tho much of the source originally
had "TUCC" in cols 68-71). Ed's RSCS/VNET easily met the requirements
even at a $30/month charge, however POK was busily trying to kill off
VM370 (even tho it was basis for the internal network). Finally JES2
cut a deal with Ed that JES2 networking would be announced as combined
product with RSCS/VNET at a $600/month charge which finally met the
revenue requirement that covered JES2 costs (total JES2+RSCS/VNET
forecast times $600/month covered combined JES2+RSCS/VNET costs).

posts mentioning HASP, JES, JES2 networking, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp
posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Edson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
Cool to be Clever: Edson Hendricks
http://downloads.zdnet.com/product/31709-75651341/
It's Cool To Be Clever, The story of Edson C. Hendricks
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

re/BITCOIN "fixed" reference, Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke
the World, pg167/loc2610-13:

The gold standard had only worked in the late nineteenth century
because new mining discoveries had fortuitously kept pace with
economic growth. There was no guarantee that this accident of history
would continue. Moreover, while the original rationale for a gold
standard--the commitment that paper money could be converted into
something unequivocally tangible--might have been necessary to instill
confidence at some point in history, this was no longer the case.

... snip ...

misc. past posts mentioning "Lords of Finance":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#32 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#40 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#53 GOLD STANDARD GOOD OR BAD?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#10 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#82 What Makes Economic History Bizarre?

misc. past posts mentioning "battle of bretton woods":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#53 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RFE? xlc compile option for C integers to be "Intel compat" or Little-Endian

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: RFE? xlc compile option for C integers to be "Intel compat" or Little-Endian
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Wed, 14 Jun 2017 14:55:40 -0700

0000000433f07816-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Paul Gilmartin) writes:

Dismayinglly, big-endian may come to be perceived as the same sort
of lunatic fringe as EBCDIC, and support will evaporate with the
scarcity of testing platforms.  But the EBCDIC nightmare can be
avoided: Linux runs fine on z hardware.

trivia ... 360 was originally suppose to be ASCII

BCD was supposed to go to 8-bit ASCII ... but (comedy? of)
circumstances, it went to EBCDIC instead, "EBCDIC and the P-Bit (The
Biggest Computer Goof Ever)"
http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

The IBM 360 was to have been primarily an ASCII-based computer, still
handling the ordering of existing BCD files. These files were the only
obstacle to ASCII -- there was no way previously-compiled code for any
IBM computer would run on the new machine. Confirming evidence is
everywhere.

...

Who Goofed?

The culprit was T. Vincent Learson. The only thing for his defense is
that he had no idea of what he had done. It was when he was an IBM Vice
President, prior to tenure as Chairman of the Board, those lofty
positions where you believe that, if you order it done, it actually will
be done. I've mentioned this fiasco elsewhere.

... snip ...

other refs:
http://www.bobbemer.com/ASCII.HTM
http://www.bobbemer.com/BACSLASH.HTM
http://www.bobbemer.com/FATHEROF.HTM
http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
Date: 14 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#4 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow

trivia: 1999, I was asked to try and help prevent the economic
mess. old long-winded post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to
obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child were office bldgs in
dalla area that turned out to be empty lots).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis

I was told that some of the investment bankers walked away "clean"
from S&L crisis, were then running Internet IPO mills and were
predicted next to get into securtized mortgages.

I was to improve the integrity of mortgage supporting documents as
countermeasure. They then find they can pay rating agencies for
triple-A. Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start
doing no-documentation liar loans, pay for triple-A and sell them off
as fast as they can be made (triple-A means they no longer have to
care about borrower's qualification or loan quality), largely enabling
being able to do over $27T 2001-2008 (including being able to sell to
entities restricted to dealing in "safe" investments, including large
institution pension funds).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

SECTREAS convinces congress to appropriate TARP funds for buying
off-book toxic assets, But they only do $700B, while just the four
largest too big to fail are carrying $5.2T in off-book toxic assets
end of 2008, it would hardly make a dent in the problem. The SECTREAS
uses TARP for other stuff while the Federal Reserve does the real
bailout. The FED fights a long, hard legal battle to prevent
disclosing what they are doing (buying trillions in off-book toxic
assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in
ZIRP funds). The FED chairman then holds a press conference to
say that he expected the TBTF to use ZIRP to help main
street, but when the didn't he had no way to force them. However, the
chairman was supposedly in part selected for having been student of
depression era when FED tried something similar with same results (so
there should have been no expectations of something different).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Note along the way, the TBTF found they could securitize
mortgages desgined to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims,
and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous
demand for problem mortgages).  The largest holder of CDS gambling
bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar,
when the SECTREAS steps in, had them sign a document that they can't
sue those making CDS gambling bets, and take TARP funds to pay off at
face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG, and the
largest recipient of face-value payoffs is the firm formally headed by
SECTREAS.

Also at some point, some investors had realized that rating agencies
were selling ratings and it was possible that no ratings could be
trusted and the muni-bond market freezes. Warren Buffett then steps in
and starts offering muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market.

Financial institutions used to compete with interest to attract
deposits for money. With tens of trillions in ZIRP funds, they
effectively are getting all the money they need.

JAN 2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s
congressional hearings into the 29 crash, resulted in criminal
convictions with jail terms and Glass-Steagall) with lots of
internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened
this time (comment that the new congress might have appetite to do
something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't
be needed after all (reference to capital hill is buried under
enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess last
decade, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had
1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic
mess should have 70,000.

Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman

Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as
"monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money
supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary
policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government
policies, especially during the 1980s.

... snip ...

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest

Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than
anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's
theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides
the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor
believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in
department seminars.

... snip ...

The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-champions-of-the-401-k-lament-the-revolution-they-started-1483382348?mod=e2fb
Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts,
Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc1200-1206:

There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US
individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension
reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in
the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the
Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was
substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of
all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.

... snip ...

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky
disproved economists' assumption that people make rational decisions
... loc:1155-59:

He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was
stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models
are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the
people you know are idiots."

... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets Nobel prize in economics, in part for
debunking some cherished economic theories

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe Networking problems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe Networking problems
Date: 15 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

Insider exploits are said to account for 60-80% of incidents and most
institutions work very hard to minimize that publicity ... and
frequently the focus on Internet-based attacks seems to be obfuscation
and distraction away from the major problems.

The original mainframe TCP/IP product was implemented in Pascal and
had none of the length related problems that are epidemic in
C-language TCP/IP implementation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

We were brought in to help wordsmith some cal. stat legislation. They
were working on several bills including data breach notification. Some
of the parties had done detailed public surveys of privacy issues. The
number one issue was fraudulent financial transactions as a result of
data breaches. The problem was that little or nothing was being done
to address the problem. The issue was that normally an institution
takes security measures in self-protection. In the case of these data
breaches, it wasn't the institution that was at risk, but the public
and their customers. It was hoped that publicity from the data breach
notifications would help prompt corrective action.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

XMAS exec was social engineering "insider" exploit. File was sent to
user requesting they execute. The execution included resending the
file to other email that were known to the user (traffic saturating
networks). The reason that it was VM was that was what the corporate
sponsored interconnected university networks ran (BITNET in US and
EARN in Europe). Trivia: the VM RSCS/VNET was a layered architecture
with a very efficient native driver. However to connect to MVS
systems, it also provided a simulated JES NJI driver. By the time of
the XMAS exec, the company had stopped shipping native drivers (even
though the continued to be used on the internal corporate networks
because they were much more efficient) and only shipped the JES NJI
simulation driver.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

There were other problems with the JES NJI implementation. MVS JES
would discard all traffic where the originating node and/or the
destination node weren't in local table defintion. Original
implementation came from HASP (had "TUCC" in cols 68-71 of the source)
that used spare entries in the HASP 255 entry psuedo device table,
usely somewhere between 160-190 slots available for node
defintions. Internal network was quickly several hundred and both the
internal network and BITNET/EARN were well over thousand nodes by the
time MVS JES was enhanced to support 999 (Any MVS JES used in those
environments would be guaranteed to regularly discard traffic with no
indications). On the internal network any MVS JES nodes were carefully
regulated to edge nodes because of all the problems.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Less well know is that because JES NJI fields were intermixed with MVS
JES job control information, communication between MVS JES systems at
different release levels would regularly crash MVS. Another reasons
for keeping MVS JES at edge nodes (behind a RSCS/VNET NJI driver), was
a large library of RSCS/VNET NJI drivers grew up that would carefully
rewrite JES NJI fields to correspond with the release level of the MVS
on the other end of that specific link (as countermeasure to
MVS system crashes).

There is famous case of MVS system in San Jose causing MVS systems in
Hursley to crash ... and it was blamed on VM ... because the Hursley
VM people hadn't installed the latest NJI simulated driver .... that
would convert from release level of San Jose MVS to release level of
Hursley MVS .... i.e. putting up a newer MVS release could crash other
MVS systems anywhere in the world (unless you carefully synchronized
release level changes for all MVS systems running every where in the
world).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe Networking problems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe Networking problems
Date: 15 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#7 Mainframe Networking problems

trivia: old email from former coworking that had been transferred to
Paris to be responsible for setting up EARN
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

I had been blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to
modern social media) on the internal network (larger than
arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s)
in the late 70s & early 80s. Folklore is that when corporate executive
committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the
internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. internal network related
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
and online computer conferencing related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

other BITNET & EARN related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

other trivia: IBM San Jose Research had the original corporate network
gateway into public networks ... related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm

more trivia: internally, I made available one of the first CMS execs
that would convert from internal email formats (including PROFS) to
SMTP for email forwarding.

other internet trivia: The communication group was forcefully fighting
off distributed computing and client/server ... and tried to prevent
release of original (pascal) mainframe TCP/IP product. When they
couldn't directly block it, they crippled it in other ways. The
shipped product performance had some issues getting about 44kbytes/sec
using full 3090 processor. I did the changes to support RFC1044, and
in some tuning tests at Cray Research, got sustained channel
throughput between 4341 and Cray using only modest amount of 4341
processor; possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per
instruction executed. some old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

lots of old email from 70s & 80s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html

other trivia, decade old ibm system mag article ... although some of
the information is slightly garbled
http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/stoprun/Stop-Run/Making-History/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Six Sigma

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Six Sigma
Date: 15 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

Six Sigma
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Sigma
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Sigma#Stifling_creativity_in_research_environments

A BusinessWeek article says that James McNerney's introduction of Six
Sigma at 3M had the effect of stifling creativity and reports its
removal from the research function. It cites two Wharton School
professors who say that Six Sigma leads to incremental innovation at
the expense of blue skies research.[43] This phenomenon is further
explored in the book Going Lean, which describes a related approach
known as lean dynamics and provides data to show that Ford's "6 Sigma"
program did little to change its fortunes.[44]

... snip ...

also ISO9000
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_9000

I use to sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM ... more recent reference:
https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidkwilliams/2013/02/19/what-a-fighter-pilot-knows-about-business-the-OODA-loop/#36af88be63eb
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)

Boyd Posts &/or References
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Drucker vs. GM: Management Science vs. Management Practice
http://www.elizabethedersheim.com/2012/04/13/drucker-vs-gm-management-science-vs-management-practice/

Meanwhile, Toyota quietly used the Peter Drucker approach,
continuously redefining their approach to "what." That includes being
part of the local community. Who would have foreseen a Japanese auto
running in NASCAR? Toyota entered last year. Also last year, Toyota
passed GM last year as the number one automobile company in the world;
it's expected to become number one in the US market this year.

... snip ...

Note that in early 80s, there was article in Wash Post calling for
100% unearned profit tax on US auto industry. The issue was that the
auto industry were suppose to use the greatly increased profits from
the foreign import quota to completely remake themselves ... however
they just pocketed the money and continued business as usual.

In 1990, the industry had the C4 task force ... to look at completely
remaking themselves and because they were planning on heavily
leveraging technology, technology vendors were invited to send
participants. During the sessions, US auto industry could accurately
describe what competition like Toyota was doing and what the US needed
to do to change. As can be seen from the bailouts, even though they
exactly knew what they needed to do, they still continued business as
usual.

tiriva: offline, I would chide the POK mainframe brethren at the
meetings about how could they expect to contribute since they suffered
from many of the same exact problems.

auto C4 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

there is large overlap between what Drucker was saying and what Boyd
would say in his briefings (that I sponsored at IBM).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe Networking problems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe Networking problems
Date: 15 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#7 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#8 Mainframe Networking problems

more drift. TYMSHARE started offering their CMS-based online computer
conferencing system free to SHARE (as VMSHARE) in Aug1976. archives:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I then setup a process with TYMSHARE to monthly send me a complete
copy of all the VMSHARE files so that I could put them up at internal
datacenters and on the internal network, including the vm370-based
online world-wide sales&marketing support HONE systems. the
biggest problem I had was with the IBM lawyers who were afraid
customer information would contaiminate IBM employees. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

the upthread referenced EARN email was asking for any online tools
that I could make available on EARN/BITNET. note that the BITNET/EARN
online computer conferencing software was created in Paris on EARN and
used extensively by IBM customers
http://www.lsoft.com/products/listserv-history.asp

disclaimer: one of my hobbies after joining IBM was creating and
supporting enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters and
HONE was long-time customer. After multiple failed attempts to migrate
HONE from VM370 to MVS in the late 70s and early 80s, they started
blaming me for inability to migrate to MVS (because my systems were
too advanced, surely if HONE was running a normal VM370 system, it
would be possible to migrate to MVS).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe Networking problems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe Networking problems
Date: 15 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#7 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#8 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#10 Mainframe Networking problems

as undergraduate, the university hired me fulltime to be responsible
fulltime to be responsible for their production IBM systems. I did a
lot of work on OS/360 ... and then when CP67 was installed in January
1968, I started rewritting CP67 code. I did a presentation at SHARE on
some of the OS/360 and CP67 work later that year (fall 68). Old past
with part of that presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

However, in June 1968, the Science Center was having a CP67/CMS class
at Beverly Hills Hotel. I arrive on Sunday and am told that the
science center people that would teach the CP67 part had given notice
on Friday that they were leaving to form NCSS ... and could I teach
the CP67 class. About same time, some number of Lincoln Labs and one
or two science center people left to form another CP67 service bureau
(IDC) out in Waltham. commerecial service bureau posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

Still before I graduate, Boeing hires me fulltime to help form Boeing
Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing in an independent
business unit to better monetize the investment). I thot Renton
datacenter was possibly largest in the world ... something like
$200M-$300M in 360, 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be
installed, constant boxes in hallways around the machine room. When I
finally graduate, I get offers from all of them (they all are running
cp/67 services). I joined IBM Cambridge Science Center at 4th flr,
545tech sq (MIT project MAC/Multics was on the 5th flr). CSC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tch

Later I'm sponsoring Boyd's briefings at IBM ... and he comments that
he strongly objected to the electronic sensors on trail in
vietnam. Possibly as punishment he is given command of "spook base"
about the same time I'm at Boeing. One of Boyd's biographies mention
that "spook base" was $2.5B windfall for IBM (ten times more than
Renton). Spook base reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback
machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Inside IBM they started with several CP67 datacenters for online
branch office users around the US. They eventually start installing
HONE clones around the world and then upgrade to VM370 with my
enhanced CSC/VM system. Middle 70s, the US HONE datacenters are all
consolidated in Palo Alto (when FACEBOOK moved to silicon valley it
was into new bldg next door to the old US consolidated HONE
datacenter). By the end of the 70s, it was running maximum number of
large POK 370 multiprocessors in single system image cluster (largest
in the world) with load balancing and fall-over recovery across the
complex (sort of like modern cloud). In the early 80s, this was
extended with replicated datacenter in Dallas and then a 3rd in
Boulder (load balancing and fall-over recovery). Something like this
finally ships to customers 30yrs later.

hone posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe Networking problems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe Networking problems
Date: 16 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#7 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#8 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#10 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#11 Mainframe Networking problems

BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

Bitnet's NJE (Network Job Entry) network protocols, called RSCS, were
used for the huge IBM internal network known as VNET. BITNET links
originally ran at 9600 baud. The BITNET protocols were eventually
ported to non-IBM mainframe operating systems, and became particularly
widely implemented under VAX/VMS, in addition to DECnet.

... snip ...

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

originally RSCS/VNET was released with both native drivers as well as
JES NJE simulation drivers. even after IBM stopped shipping the
RSCS/VNET native drivers, they continued to be used internally because
they were much more efficient than NJE.  Part of this was continuing
to use bisynch with a "y-connector" for full-duplex with one
subchannel address dedicated for outgoing and another subchannel
address dedicated for incoming.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

other trivia with regard to the wiki entry, a co-worker at SJR left
IBM and did a lot of consulting work for silicon valley VLSI
companies. He had ported AT&T C-compiler to CMS, significantly
enhanced the performance and was ported UCB VLSI design tools to
CMS. At one client, he was working on some LAN support when the local
IBM marketing person asked what he was doing. He replied he was
writing ethernet support to connect SGI graphics workstations to VM370
3081. The IBM marketing person said that he should instead he should
be doing token-ring support ... or otherwise the 3081 maintenance
support might not be timely. I almost immediately got a call and had
to listen to hour harangue with lots of 4 letter words. The next
morning, the customer had press conference to say that they were
moving all their IBM mainframe work to pool of SUN servers.

Internally as a response, IBM had taskforce to look at the technical
differences between mainframe and sun servers .... but carefully
avoided looking at the real problem.

Later there was extensive effort by the communication group to get the
internal network converted to SNA, including lots of
misinformation. One of the things I was doing was HSDT project that
was supporting T1 and faster speed links. We were also working with
the director of NSF and were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the
NSF supercomputer centers. Congress then cut the budget, some other
things happened, and finally NSF releases an RFP (in part based on
what we already had running). As regional networks connect into the
centers, it evolves into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern
internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Standard 37x5 communication controllers had max. of 56kbit links. I
was driving multiple T1 full-duplex links and needed RSCS multiple
mbyte sustained throughput. Standard RSCS used VM370 spool file with
synchronous 4k diagnose operations ... on loaded system could mean a
max of 4-8 4k records/sec. I did a lot of enhancements to get hundreds
of 4k records/sec, asynchronous operation, contiguous allocation,
mult-block transfers, read ahead, write behind ... and was trying to
get the internal network backbone to install the enhancements.

Part of the communication group campaign to convert the internal
network to SNA was not just misinformation but also started limiting
the backbone meetings to managers only
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

The communication group trying to head off problems with the corporate
executive committee with the lack of IBM support for greater than
56kbit support, they prepared a study of 37x5 "fat pipes", customers
using support for multiple parallel 56kbit links managed as single
logical link. They showed numbers of customers fatpipes with 2link,
3link, ... dropping to zero by 6links. What they didn't know or
carefully avoiding presenting was that standard telco tariffs had T1
link about the same as 5 or 6 56kbit links. Quick survey, we found 200
customers with T1 links, but had switched to non-IBM controllers.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why the Pentagon would rather hire bin Laden than Donald Vandergriff

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why the Pentagon would rather hire bin Laden than Donald Vandergriff.
Date: 17 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

Why the Pentagon would rather hire bin Laden than Donald Vandergriff.
http://investmentwatchblog.com/why-the-pentagon-would-rather-hire-bin-laden-than-donald-vandergriff/

Vandergriff's reformist ideas threaten the core values of our
military-industrial-complex, where fears of war and war produce
profits. Winning wars is incidental to doing the important business.

... snip ...

Chickenhawk, No. 13: Vandergriff as Yoda?
https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/01/chickenhawk-no-13-vandergriff-as-yoda/384590/

John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the
Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand
what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The
strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'

... snip ...

... the for-profit "perpetual war"
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
and rapidly spreading success of failure
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
paradigm; never finish/complete/win something ... because that would
interrupt the flow of money

perpetual war posts

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure Boyd posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html -- virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe Networking problems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe Networking problems
Date: 17 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#7 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#8 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#10 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#11 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/2017g.html#12 Mainframe Networking problems

Late 80s, as part of IBM's HA/CMP, some old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
we were doing cluster scale up, both scientific/technical with
national labs and commercial with RDBMS vendors (IBM didn't have
non-mainfrsme RDBMS). We had meeting with Oracle Jan1992 in Ellison's
conference room on commercial HA/CMP scale up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
but IBM's mainframe RDBMS group complained that if we were allowed to
go ahead, it would be a minimum of 5yrs ahead of them. some old
cluster scaleup email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

Within a couple weeks of Ellison meeting, cluster scale up was
transferred, announced as supercomputer for scientific/technical ONLY,
and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than 4
processors (and we leave IBM a few months later)

Later, two of the oracle people in the Ellison meeting have (also)
left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for
something called "commerce server". We are brought in as consultants
because they want to do payment transactions on the server, they had
also invented this technology called "SSL" they want to use, the
result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

I have absolute authority on the servers to payment networks gateway
side, but can only make recommendations on the client/server
side. Almost immediately some number of recommendations were violated,
which continue to account for some of the exploits that continue to
this day. some old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

During 1996 MDC at Moscone, Jim Gray also had open house for SanFran
research center (at SJR I had worked with Jim on original
relational/SQL implementation, before he leaves for Tandem and palms
bunch of stuff on me). Also in the 90s, before he passes, the RFC
internet standards editor would let me help do part of the periodic
STD1. Postel also sponsors my talk at ISI/USC on why the internet
isn't business critical dataprocessing. Later, before Jim disappears,
he cons me into interviewing for chief security architect in Redmond
... the interview drags on for a few weeks, but we never come to
agreement on what needs to be done.

past posts mentioning chief security architect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#7 Hypervisors May Replace Operating Systems As King Of The Data Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#5 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#37 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#80 Making tea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#60 The 25 Most Dangerous Programming Errors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#18 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#28 Computer virus strikes US Marshals, FBI affected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#22 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#20 Cyber attackers empty business accounts in minutes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#15 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#56 Microsoft Wants 'Sick' PCs Banned From The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#21 Closure in Disappearance of Computer Scientist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#74 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#93 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#14 The growing openness of an organization's infrastructure has greatly impacted security landscape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#24 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#77 Insane Insider Threat Program in Context of Morally and Mentally Bankrupt US Intelligence System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#44 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#72 *uix web security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#35 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#66 Catching Up on the OPM Breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#57 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#58 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#19 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#91 IBM Jargon and General Computing Dictionary Tenth Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HONE Systems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: HONE Systems
Date: 20 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

After 23jun1969 unbundling announcement (& charging for software,
SE time, etc), they had to come up with new way of training SEs
(previously there would be part of large groups onsite at customers,
but nobody could come up with way of not charging for new SE
time). They started with online branch office access to guest
operating systems in virtual machines as HONE.

After I joined IBM, one of my hobbies was producing and supporting
enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was
longtime customer. There was CP67 datacenter at 1133 westchester and
another at 3424 wilshire on the west coast. The cambridge science
center had also ported APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL and HONE started
offering cms\apl based sales&marketing support applications (and
guest operating system use dwindles away). HONE migrates from CP67 to
VM370.

In the mid-70s they consolidate the US HONE datacenters in silicon
valley (across the back parking lot from the palo alto science
center). The HONE VM370 was enhanced to support cluster SMP and
supported the largest single-system-image cluster in the world with
load-balancing and failure fall-over. Then in the early 80s, US HONE
was expanded with replicated datacenter in Dallas and then a 3rd in
Boulder with distributed cluster support across the three complexes
(although never released to customers). trivia: when FACEBOOK moved to
silicon valley it was into a new bldg built next door to the old HONE
datacenter (although they have since moved to the old SUN campus).

All of this was being done while there were periodic directives to
move HONE to MVS ... which all failed. Finally in the 80s, they
started blaming me for the failures to move HONE to MVS (if they were
running a standard VM370 system, it would be much easier to move to
MVS).

3424 wilshire
https://www.google.com/maps/place/3424+Wilshire+Blvd,+Los+Angeles,+CA+90010/@34.0616487,-118.296838,130a,35y,259.37h,45t/data=!3m1!1e3!4m5!3m4!1s0x80c2c77db1bade07:0xa184b4f8a4c580f0!8m2!3d34.0612905!4d-118.298506

1501 california
https://www.google.com/maps/place/1501+California+Ave,+Palo+Alto,+CA+94304/@37.4162608,-122.1517228,643m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m5!3m4!1s0x808fbaea7aff668f:0x57e52646ba5505a5!8m2!3d37.4169699!4d-122.1513629

1133 westchester
https://www.google.com/maps/place/1133+Westchester+Ave,+White+Plains,+NY+10605/@41.0112214,-73.7263877,1231m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m5!3m4!1s0x89c296beff2b733f:0xc535dd9c60ac1fc3!8m2!3d41.0106835!4d-73.726734

one of the first HONE clones that I was asked to install overseas was
when EMEA hdqtrs moved to Paris and HONE datacenter was going into the
new La Defense bldg (it was still brown dirt all around the bldg).
https://www.google.com/maps/place/La+D%C3%A9fense,+France/@48.8886786,2.2402627,305m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m5!3m4!1s0x47e66505aaadd1dd:0xf187c86ce82c7889!8m2!3d48.8897359!4d2.2418428

HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
cambridge science cnter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Microsoft security hole at the heart of Russian election hacking

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Microsoft security hole at the heart of Russian election hacking
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 20 Jun 2017 14:28:42 -0700

The Microsoft security hole at the heart of Russian election hacking;
We're reliving the Visual Basic-spawned bad times of 1999
http://www.computerworld.com/article/3202189/security/the-microsoft-security-hole-at-the-heart-of-russian-election-hacking.html

1996 Moscone MDC; all the banners said "INTERNET", but the constant
refrain in all the sessions was preserve/protect your investment.

This grew up in the era of small, local, safe, disconnected LANs with
snippet code embedded in application data files that was automagically
executed. The paradigm was being enabled for the wild anarchy of the
Internet w/o any additional safeguards.

past posts referencing preserve/protect your investment:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#45 Computer programming was all about:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#32 Frontiernet insists on being my firewall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#51 Specifying all biz rules in relational data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#50 DOS C prompt in "Vista"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#87 CompUSA to Close after Jan. 1st 2008
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#63 who pioneered the WEB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#66 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#37 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#36 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#9 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#18 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#59 The lost art of real programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#141 With cloud computing back to old problems as DDos attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#2 What are the implication of the ongoing cyber attacks on critical infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#18 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#32 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#37 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#93 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#14 The growing openness of an organization's infrastructure has greatly impacted security landscape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#45 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#68 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#10 It's all K&R's fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#87 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#45 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#35 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#90 These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#35 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#39 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#106 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#20 Computer theft 1971
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#69 Open DoD's Doors To Cyber Talent, Carter Asks Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#79 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#19 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#38 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#90 Ransomware on Mainframe application ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wall Street

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wall Street
Date: 20 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

1998, NSCC ... before they merged with DTC to form
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_%26_Clearing_Corporation

asked me to improve the integrity of electronic trading floor
transactions. I worked on it for awhile and then I get a call saying
it was being suspended. Turns out that a side-effect of the integrity
work would have greatly improved transparency and visibility
... anathema to wallstreet culture.

Later in an interview, Cramer says that illegal activity goes on all
the time, but they don't have to worry about anything from the SEC.
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

Cramer's reference to illegal activity was couple months
before the DTCC illegal short selling issue
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_%26_Clearing_Corporation#Controversy_over_naked_short_selling

In July 2007, Senator Bob Bennett, Republican of Utah, suggested on
the U.S. Senate floor that the allegations involving DTCC and naked
short selling are "serious enough" to warrant a hearing. The
committee's Chairman, Senator Christopher Dodd, indicated he was
willing to hold such a hearing.[29] To date, no such hearing was ever
held, and no further action on naked short selling is anticipated.

... snip ...

As an aside, in the congressional Madoff hearings they had the person
that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get the SEC to do
something about Madoff (SEC hands were forced when he turned himself
in, speculation was that he was looking for gov. protection from some
possibly unsavory characters that he may have defrauded). Congress
asked him if new regulations were needed. He replied that while new
regulations might be needed (even tho existing ones weren't being
enforced), but much more important would be transparency and
visibility. Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

Stockman's (80s Republican budget director) reference to IBM stock (buybacks)

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on
steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company
spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure
that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

...

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year
period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

past posts mentioning NSCC &/or DTC/DTCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#35 The recently revealed excesses of John Thain, the former CEO of Merrill Lynch, while the firm was receiving $25 Billion in TARP funds makes me sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#65 What can agencies such as the SEC do to insure us that something like Madoff's Ponzi scheme will never happen again?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#80 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#1 Audit II: Two more scary words: Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#36 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#45 Artificial Intelligence to tackle rogue traders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#67 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#29 Transparency and Visibility
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#23 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX? (Are settlements a good argument for overnight batch COBOL ?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#57 MasPar compiler and simulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#47 Audits VII: the future of the Audit is in your hands
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#33 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#56 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#54 Trust Facade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#69 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#48 WikiLeaks' Wall Street Bombshell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#44 Programmer Charged with thieft  (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#39 Back to architecture: Analyzing NYSE data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#11 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#38 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#37 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#21 HOLLOW STATES and a CRISIS OF CAPITALISM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#30 Have you ever wondered why some people seem to get rich easily
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#49 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#80 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#12 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#29 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#5 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#87 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#6 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#13 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#39 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#72 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#84 Uncovering insider trading with big data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#31 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#16 Federal Deficits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#65 Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#70 AIG freezes defined-benefit pension plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#29 Ernst & Young Confronts Madoff's Specter in Trial Over Audits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#11 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

BMC Software explores merger with CA

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: BMC Software explores merger with CA
Date: 21 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

BMC Software explores merger with CA
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-ca-m-a-bmcsoftware-idUSKBN19C036

Private Equity leveraged buyouts don't have the best
history. Sometimes it is equated to house flipping .... except the
loan stays on the books of the flipped company. It is possibly to even
sell for less than was paid and still walk away with boat load of
money. Over half the corporate defaults have been companies either in
or previously in the leveraged buyout mill. old article
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

I've posted a whole lot on private equity problems over the
years. Note the industry had gotten such a bad reputation during the
S&L crises they changed the industry name to "private equity".  For
instance, AMEX and KKR were in competition for private equity LBO
take-over of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away
the president of AMEX to turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby
blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (gone behind
paywall, partially lives free at wayback machine).
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

The board then hires away the former president of AMEX, who reverses
the breakup and resurrect the company ... using some of the same
techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

The former president of AMEX then leaves to become head of another
very large private-equity company .... that will acquire the beltway
bandit that will employ Snowden. Private-equity subsidiaries typically
are under intense pressure to generate profit for their
parents. Security clearances had been outsourced to some and they were
found to be filling out the paper work ... but not actually doing the
background checks (generating additional profits for their owners).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

trivia: beltway bandits can't use gov. contract money to lobby
congress .... but if acquired by private-equity company ... their
parent can lobby on their behalf. As a result there was huge uptic in
gov. outsourcing last decade to "for-profit" companies .... which
contributes to the rapidly spreading success of failure culture:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

The OPM exploit in the news was also operation that had been
outsourced to private equity subsidiary
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/

Other trivia: about the time IBM went into the red, AMEX spins off a
lot of its mainframe outsourcing dataprocessing business in what was
the largest IPO up until that time. 15 years later, KKR (same company
AMEX was in competition with for RJR) does private-equity LBO of that
company in what was the largest LBO up until that time ... and the
company's debt went from something like $2B to $30B (i.e. the loan to
buy the company was put on the company's books). Servicing such huge
debt is one of the things that take companies in the private equity
mill down (even while the private equity parent walks away with
enormous amount of money).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
Date: 21 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

financial has been a lot of obfuscation and misdirection

Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert
panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by
financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas

1998, NSCC ... before they merged with DTC to form
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_%26_Clearing_Corporation

asked me to improve the integrity of electronic trading floor
transactions. I worked on it for awhile and then I get a call saying
it was being suspended. Turns out that a side-effect of the integrity
work would have greatly improved transparency and visibility
... anathema to wallstreet culture.

In spring 2007 interview, Cramer says that illegal activity goes on
all the time, but they don't have to worry about anything from the
SEC.
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

couple months later
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_%26_Clearing_Corporation#Controversy_over_naked_short_selling

In the congressional Madoff hearings they had the person that had
tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get the SEC to do something about
Madoff (SEC hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in). Congress
asked him if new regulations were needed. He replied that while new
regulations might be needed (even tho existing ones weren't being
enforced), but much more important would be transparency and
visibility.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

JAN 1999, I was asked to try and help prevent the economic
mess. securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to
obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child were office bldgs in
dalla area that turned out to be empty lots). I was told that some of
the investment bankers walk away "clean" from S&L crisis, were then
running Internet IPO mills and were predicted next to get into
securtized mortgages.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis

I was to improve the integrity of mortgage supporting documents as
countermeasure. They then find they can pay rating agencies for
triple-A (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't
worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps
supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation liar
loans, pay for triple-A and sell them off as fast as they can be made
(triple-A means they no longer have to care about borrower's
qualification or loan quality), largely enabling being able to do over
$27T 2001-2008 (including being able to sell to entities restricted to
only dealing in "safe" investments, including large institution
pension funds).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

SECTREAS convinces congress to appropriate TARP funds for buying
off-book toxic assets, But they only do $700B, while just the four
largest too big to fail are carrying $5.2T in off-book toxic assets
end of 2008 (it would hardly make a dent in that problem). The
SECTREAS uses TARP for other stuff while the Federal Reserve does the
real bailout. The FED fights a long, hard legal battle to prevent
disclosing what they are doing (buying trillions in off-book toxic
assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in
ZIRP funds). The FED chairman then holds a press conference to say
that he expected the TBTF to use ZIRP to help main street, but when
they didn't he had no way to force them. However, the chairman was
supposedly in part selected for having been student of depression era
when FED tried something similar with same results (so there should
have been no expectations of something different).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Note along the way, the TBTF found they could securitize mortgages
desgined to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims, and take
out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand
for problem mortgages).  The largest holder of CDS gambling bets was
AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar, when the
SECTREAS steps in, had them sign a document that they can't sue those
making CDS gambling bets, and take TARP funds to pay off at face
value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG, and the largest
recipient of face-value payoffs is the firm formally headed by
SECTREAS.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

JAN 2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s
congressional hearings into the 29 crash, resulted in criminal
convictions with jail terms and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal
HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time
(comment that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I
work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed
after all (reference to capital hill is buried under enormous
mountains of wallstreet cash).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman

Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as
"monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money
supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary
policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government
policies, especially during the 1980s.

... snip ...

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times
larger than the S&L crisis. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions
with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest

Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than
anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's
theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides
the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor
believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in
department seminars.

... snip ...

The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-champions-of-the-401-k-lament-the-revolution-they-started-1483382348?mod=e2fb
Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc1200-1206:

There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US
individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension
reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in
the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the
Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was
substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of
all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.

loc72-74:

"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the
troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside
Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to
adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared
with other disciplines."

... snip ...

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were "captured" similar
to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky
disproved economists' assumption that people make rational decisions
... loc:1155-59:

He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was
stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models
are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the
people you know are idiots."

... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets Nobel prize in economics, in part for
debunking some cherished economic theories

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 22 Jun 2017 09:03:13 -0700

scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:

This was hardly unique to DEC.  Burroughs, IBM, Wang, Data General,
GE, Honeywell, Sperry, CDC, Cray, NCR et alia all developed their operating
software (Monitor/Kernel/MCP/Operating System, call it what you
will) to meet the hardware schedule.   And several of them had
as many (or more) product lines as DEC.

univ had 709 ibsys tape->tape with 1401 front-end handling
tape<->unit.record (physically moving tapes between 709 & 1401 tape
drives). As part of transition replacing 709/1401 to 360/67, the 1401
was replaced with 360/30 ... and they initially used 1401 emulation mode
to run MPIO (handling tape<->unit.record). My first student programming
job was re-implementing MPIO on native 360 assembler, I got to design &
implement my own monitor, device drivers, error handlers, interrupt
handler, storage management, scheduling/dispatching, etc.

at cambridge, some of the CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System

went to project mac on 5th flr, 545 tech sq to do multics.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics

others went to the ibm science center on the 4th flr
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

and did virtual machines, internal network, online applications, lots of
performance monitoring, simulation and modeling, invented GML, etc.

initially they did virtual machine CP/40 on 360/40 with hardware
modifications to support virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

which morphs into CP/67 when 360/67 with standard virtual memory
becomes available.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP-67
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS

three people came out from the science center last week of Jan1968 to
install cp/67 at the univ. (third installation after CSC and lincoln
labs). I was then at spring SHARE meeting in Houston for the CP67/CMS
"announcement".

June 1968, the Science Center was having a CP67/CMS class at Beverly
Hills Hotel. I arrive on Sunday and am told that the science center
people that would teach the CP67 part had given notice on Friday that
they were leaving to form NCSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS#1968.E2.80.9386.3F:_VP.2FCSS
... and could I help teach the CP67 class.

About same time, some number of Lincoln Labs and one or two
science center people left to form another CP67 service bureau (IDC) out
in Waltham.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS#1964.3F.E2.80.9372.3F:_IDC.27s_use_of_CP.2FCMS

commerecial service bureau posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

other trivia ... before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer there was cp/m,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before doing cp/m, kildall worked with cp/67 (precursor to vm370) at npg
school
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
Date: 22 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity

Rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would
prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did
jail time, however it required SEC do something. Possibly because even
GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of
public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing uptic after
SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture Less well known is that SOX also required SEC do something about the rating agencies, however they did about as much about the rating agencies as they did about fraudulent financial filings. -- virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Future Sytem 1975, 1977

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Future Sytem 1975, 1977
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 22 Jun 2017 17:11:54 -0700

hancock4 writes:

ComputerWorld June 1977 quotes Gene Amdahl and mentions
IBM dropping Future System.

https://books.google.com/books?id=qaS3FuQJfjcC&lpg=PA6&dq=ibm%20%22future%20system%22&pg=PA6#v=onepage&q=ibm%20%22future%20system%22&f=false

there was much more recent interview with Amdahl where he says that he left
IBM before Future System started and during FS he wasn't aware of its
existance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

however, early in FS period, he had seminar at packed MIT auditorium and
talked about formation of his Amdahl computer company. During the
seminar he was asked about being front for foreign computer company.  He
was also asked how he convinced the VC investment people to provide
money for his company. He replies that customers had invested billions
of dollars in 360 software and even if IBM was to completely walk away
from 360 (which might be considered a reference to FS), that software
base could keep him in business through the end of the century.

note a major justification for FS was supposedly to significantly
increase the complexity of integration of systems and controllers as
countermeasure to clone controllers ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

however, the lack of 360/370 products during the FS period is credited
with giving clone processors a market foothold.

some Amdahl seminar past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#3 A Dark Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#20 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#55 Security via hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#49 MVCIN instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#18 Change in computers as a hobbiest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#2 IBM sues maker of Intel-based Mainframe clones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#34 Top versus bottom posting was Re: IBM sues maker of Intel-based Mainframe clones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#48 time spent/day on a computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#26 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#77 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#57 IBM to the PCM market(the sky is falling!!!the sky is falling!!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#15 Patents, Copyrights, Profits, Flex and Hercules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#34 IBM 8000 ???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#68 T3 Sues IBM To Break its Mainframe Monopoly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#1 Yet another squirrel question - Results (very very long post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#17 IBM PC competitors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#44 Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#82 What would be a truly relational operating system ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#60 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#22 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#82 Percentage of code executed that is user written was Re: Delete all members of a PDS that is allocated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#83 Hashing for DISTINCT or GROUP BY in SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#32 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#52 speculation: z/OS "enhancments"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#12 Clone Processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#16 Running z/OS On Your Laptop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#63 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#74 Execution Velocity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#105 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#78 What are you experiences with Amdahl Computers and Plug-Compatibles?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#13 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#27 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#73 One reason for monocase was Re: Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#19 Query for Destination z article -- mainframes back to the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#65 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#66 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#85 The ICL 2900

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 22 Jun 2017 17:48:37 -0700

cfmpublic@NS.SYMPATICO.CA (Clark Morris) writes:

If the goal was to eliminate the need for highly technical people who
understand the platform and the tradeoffs, that is a futile goal for
any operating system.  If the goal is to eliminate the need for
assembler coded exits, this is more doable but customization will
always be with us.  While there can be plenty of obscurity in
assembler, how well documented are the SYS1.PARMLIB members and JES
initialization decks that control how the systems operate?  These are
just weird programming interfaces that can be every bit as cryptic.

As someone who did his last systems programming in the 1990s, I would
hope that systems maintenance and upgrade has become a lot easier (and
if IBM made the Knowledge Center and Shopz 24/365.24 available) and
that less custom code is required because of all the new concerns that
I didn't have to deal with.  The environment has become more complex
for all of the operating systems so anything that can be eliminated is
to the good.  There is enough to do so that automation of some of the
grunt work is a good thing.

23Jun1969 unbundling announcement started to charge for (application)
software, SE services, etc ... however IBM managed to make the
case that kernel software should still be free
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

in the 1st part of 70s, they launch the (failed) Future System effort,
completely different from 360/370 and was going to complete 360/370 ...
supposedly major motivation was to significantly increase the
complexity of processor/controller interface as countermeasure
to clone controllers.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

however, the lack of IBM 370 offerings during the FS period is credited
with giving clone processors a market foothold. the rise of clone
processors then initiates the transition to charging for kernel software
... and my resource manager is selected as guinea pig ... I get to spend
a lot of time with lawyers and business people on charging for kernel
software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

eventually transition to charging for all kernel software happens
in the early 80s .... starting the OCO-wars ... transition
to "object code only" ... some of this shows up in the VMSHARE
archives
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

part of the motivation was source code availability contributed to
customers making source code modifications ... which contributes to
customers needing their own system programmers and also slows down
keeping up with the latest system releases (cutting into budget that
could be spent with IBM).

this period in the first part of the 80s also saw many customers buying
4300s (in some cases ordering hundreds at a time) for placing out in
departmental areas (sort of leading wave of distributed computing
tsunami).  Initially MVS was locked out of this market. The mid-range
disks were all FBA that could be deployed out in non-datacenter
environments. Eventually 3375 CKD emulation on 3370 FBA came out ... but
that didn't significantly help. Turns out these large departmental
deployments were looking at large tens of systems per staff member
... while MVS systems were frequently measured in tens of staff members
per MVS system (if MVS was going to play in that market, it had to
significantly lower skill requirements)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

trivia: some old 4300 email from the period
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

other trivia: TYMSHARE started offering is CMS-based online computer
conferencing free to SHARE as VMSHARE in AUG1976.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 23 Jun 2017 09:09:35 -0700

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

How long did it take you to have a bootable monitor?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#20 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

i just had taken 2hr introduction to fortran class (but I found it so
fascinating, I was making up my own programs) ...  so it took me a
couple weeks reading assembler manual and figuring out what machine
language was about and then a couple weeks to start having some runnable
code. the datacenter shutdown at 8am saturday until 8am monday ... so i
could have the 360/30 all to myself for 48hrs straight over weekends
that summer. by the end of the summer it was little over 2000 cards and
I could do concurrent card->tape and tape->printer/punch.

it included assembler option to either assemble for stand-alone
operation or macros that ran under os/360. The stand-alone version took
about 30 mins elapsed time to assemble ... however the os/360 version
took an hour elapsed time to assemble ... 5-6mins for each DCB macro.

because it was taking so long to re-assemble ... i started doing TXT
card patching. I would fan the assembler output "TXT" deck to find the
right card, and then run card thru 026 keypunch "duplication" until
the right location and multi-punch hex fix into dup card.

past posts mentioning format of 12-2-9 (x'02') TXT card:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#60 Text (was: Review of Steve McConnell's AFTER THE GOLD RUSH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#17 Google loves "e"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#69 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#70 IBM System/3 & 3277-1

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Google Employees Weighed in on What Makes a Highly Effective Manager. Technical Expertise Came in Dead Last

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Google Employees Weighed in on What Makes a Highly Effective Manager. Technical Expertise Came in Dead Last
Date: 23 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

Google Employees Weighed in on What Makes a Highly Effective
Manager. Technical Expertise Came in Dead Last
https://www.inc.com/michael-schneider/google-did-an-internal-study-that-will-forever-change-how-they-hire-and-promote-.html

The first time I sponsored Boyd's briefings I tried to do it through
employee education. They initially agreed, but as I provided more
information, they changed their mind. They said that the company
spends a great deal of money educating managers on how to handle
employees. They said that exposing general employees to Boyd
(Patterns of Conflict) would be counter productive. They suggested
that I restrict the audience to senior members of competitive analysis
departments.

Boyd would include in briefings that former military officers steeped
in rigid, top-down command&control were starting to contaminate
corporate culture (only those at the very top know what they are
doing) ... the first time he did his briefing it was just Patterns of
Conflict ... but then he started adding the new, evolving Organic
Design For Command and Control.

As an aside, about that time there were also starting to appear
articles that MBAs were beginning to destroy US businesses (not just
former military officers).

also around this time, some technical organization espoused dual
career tracks .... people management and technical direction
... however there was huge amount of tension between helping your
people and rigid, top-down, command & control.

One of the articles from this era was about technical groups where
best performers could have 5-10 times the productivity of the lowest
performers. "Leaders" (as opposed to commanders) tended to spend the
majority of their time helping the lowest performers. However, if they
spent the majority of their time helping the best performers (removing
road blocks, etc) they could double the group's overall productivity.

boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 23 Jun 2017 11:09:00 -0700

scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:

By 2030, 32-bit systems will be relegated to the dustbin of history :-)

(64-bit time_t has a ways to go before it overflows).

360 timer was 32bit and lowest bit was 13+ microseconds although some
360s only 3+ some millisecond bit. Part of the issue was that timer was
in storage and required memory update. When we were doing clone
controller hung off multiplexor channel ... one of the first bugs was
the controller "held" the memory bus for too longer contiguous period
.... preventing the 360/67 from updating the timer ... and the machine
red lights.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

after graduating and joining IBM ... one of the early efforts that I got
dragged on was the implementation of the 370 64bit TOD clock
specification.

It called for the base epoch was the first day of the century ... so
was that 1jan1900 or 1jan1901. Except for cp67 fiddled to run on 370
...  most earlier 370 software implementations set it to 1jan1970.

The other problem taking huge amount of discussion was how to handle
leap seconds.

Note that 370 TOD clock was separate register requiring special
instruction to access ... to eliminate the memory bus use.

clock 0-63 , bit 12 was defined as microsecond and there was no
machines that implemented less than microsecond at the time. lots of
code did store clock, load multiple (two registers), and then SRDL
(shift right double logical) to put microseconds into low order bit
position.

bit 32 was sligtly more than second. some applications would just load
the high word, multiple by 1000 and SRDL to divide by 1024 to get
exact number of seconds. some more discussion in old "green card"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#tod

TOD clock has since been extended to 128bit ... with bits in front and
behind "old" TOD value. The 64bit version gave it period of approx
143yrs (to 2043). New version has 8 leading bits giving 256*143yrs.
old post with more detailed discussion and references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#9 Architectural Diversity

other past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#2 Computer of the century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#4 Computer of the century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#53 any 70's era supercomputers that ran as slow as today's   supercomputers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#52 Microcode?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#2 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#44 Help me find pics of a UNIVAC please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#21 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#23 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#8 z VM 4.3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#9 What is timesharing, anyway?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#48 IBM Manuals from the 1940's and 1950's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#50 Call-gate-like mechanism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#52 Call-gate-like mechanism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#47 IBM 360 memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#36 Multi-processor timing issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#43 Multi-processor timing issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#15 Best practice for TOD clock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#20 Military Time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#23 Military Time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#18 TOD Clock the same as the BIOS clock in PCs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#22 TOD Clock the same as the BIOS clock in PCs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#23 TOD Clock the same as the BIOS clock in PCs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#30 TOD Clock the same as the BIOS clock in PCs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#31 TOD Clock the same as the BIOS clock in PCs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#33 TOD Clock the same as the BIOS clock in PCs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#34 TOD clock discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#35 TOD clock discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#22 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#4 The history of Structure capabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#26 Date arithmetic and Zune bug
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#24 Can TOD (STCKE) be compressed into 12 bytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#25 Can TOD (STCKE) be compressed into 12 bytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#39 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#7 big iron mainframe vs. x86 servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#18 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#49 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#53 SWTL and 522
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#9 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#27 CLOCK change problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#123 Will The Earth End be in 2012?❤❤❤❤❤❤❤❤
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#0 Leap seconds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 23 Jun 2017 11:41:53 -0700

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

Why not use REP cards ... oh, loader didn't support them?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#20 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#24 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#26 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

I've posted before about finding out about "REP" cards a few months
later, but by that time, I was very proficient at reading hex punch
holes ... scan deck of TXT cards to find card with the address range, as
if it was printed on the top of the card. I started out reading
assembler and principles of operation .... but didn't get around to
reading any loader documents (just using them).

Past posts mentioning (discovering) "REP" cards:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#17 unit record & other controllers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#4 1401 overlap instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#14 IBM Model Numbers (was: First video terminal?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#27 HELP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#13 High Level Language Systems was Re: computer books/authors (Re: FA:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#28 Is anybody out there still writting BAL 370.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#31 Is anybody out there still writting BAL 370.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#0 Handling variable page sizes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#37 command line switches [Re: [REALLY OT!] Overuse of symbolic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#54 12-2-9 REP & 47F0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#52 Software for IBM 360/30
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#17 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#43 Binder REP Cards (Was: What's the linkage editor really wants?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#44 Binder REP Cards (Was: What's the linkage editor really wants?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#58 REP cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#12 Binder REP Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#20 Binder REP Cards (Was: What's the linkage editor really wants?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#21 Binder REP Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#44 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#64 Large Computer Rescue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#51 IBM S/360 series operating systems history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#1 IBM S/360 series operating systems history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#39 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#156 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#15 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 23 Jun 2017 12:12:30 -0700

essteam@JUNO.COM (essteam@juno.com) writes:

"supplying the entire OS on a chip"

I heard a similar statement delivered by the Late Great Bob Yelevich
in the early 1990s.  He suggested that CICS would be delivered on a
Board, or possibly a component/domain would be delivered on a board.
.
.
As a contractor I have experienced the neglect in Installations, when
Qualified Systems Programmers are not employed. I was in one
installation where I inherited well over one hundred outstanding
issues, Abends, Storage Violations, back level maintenance.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#23 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)

early 1975, I got sucked into helping get system enhancements out ... as
failing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

one was ECPS microcode assist for new 138/148 .... low & mid-range
machines implemented with vertical microcode (somewhat like Hercules
mainframe emulator) ... with a avg ratio of 10:1 native instructions per
370 instruction. was to select 6kbytes of most frequently executed
operating system code for moving into native ... for a 10:1 speedup.
(which turned out to be 79.55% of supervisor execution) old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

I also got sucked into designing 5-way SMP for 370/125. 115/125 had nine
position memory bus for microprocessors. 115 had all microprocessors the
same just with different microcode loads for 370 processor, controllers,
etc. 125 was identical except the 370 processor was 50% faster than the
other processors.

I dropped multiprocessor dispatching/scheduling for problem state and
supervisor state into microcode ... with queued interface that put tasks
on the queue and pulled stuff off the queue. Lots of multiprocessor
operation was transparent to the actual software (all hidden in
microcode). I also did queued microcode interface for all I/O ...
putting stuff on the queue and pulling stuff off the queue.

The 370/125 multiprocessor was never announced or shipped (in part
becuase the 138/148 people complained it was overlapping their market, I
was in some escalation meetings where I had to argue both sides).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce

Early 80s, I was at bi-annual ACM SIGOPS meetings where the intel i432
people gave a talk on what they were doing ... which included a lot of
higher level function ... like I had done for 125 (lot of multiprocessor
and I/O operation was queued interface and transparent to "software").
They found out that their major problem was that all these advanced
functions was manufactured into the chip silicon ... and any fixes
required spinning new silicon and replacing all the chips.

as an aside ...  other stuff going into i432 was similar stuff to some
stuff that went into IBM S/38 ... which has been characterized as after
FS failure, some of the people retreated to Rochester and did a much
simplified FS flavor as S/38 (but again in microcode, not the raw
silicon). I've periodically pointed out that in the S/38 market the
trade-off between simplified operation and lack of sclability ... came
down on the side of simplified operation (in the high-end market, one of
the things that put the nails in FS coffin was showing 370/195
applications redone for FS, running on fastest possible FS hardware,
would have throughput of 370/145, about 30times slowdown).

past posts mentioning I432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#6 Ridiculous
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#48 Famous Machines and Software that didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#36 What was object oriented in iAPX432?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#27 iAPX432 today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#19 Computer Architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#5 Anyone here ever use the iAPX432 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#54 Reviving Multics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#23 Intel iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#24 Intel iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#47 Intel 860 and 960, was iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#52 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#60 Will multicore CPUs have identical cores?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#64 Will multicore CPUs have identical cores?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#73 Athlon cache question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#64 Misuse of word "microcode"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#46 Performance and Capacity Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#31 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#47 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#42 Why is zSeries so CPU poor?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#44 Any resources on VLIW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#7 32 or even 64 registers for x86-64?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#36 Oracle Introduces Oracle VM As It Leaps Into Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#54 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#32 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#22 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#52 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of  patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#18 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#46 U.S. begins inquiry of IBM in mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#74 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#1 IA64
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#45 IA64
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#8 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#40 Faster image rotation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#22 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#7 RISCversus  CISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#91 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#79 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#15 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#42 i432 on Bitsavers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#14 International Business Marionette
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#57 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#40 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#33 Delay between idea and implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#23 1950:  Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#107 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#62 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#63 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#115 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#38 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#61 Typesetting

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 23 Jun 2017 12:35:21 -0700

john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:

​I remember from my first jobs, about 1979, DP (the name back then) was
looking at some mini-computer for the police department (City of
Ft. Worth, TX). The sales person showed us the equipment. And said
that all software maintenance was done by the hardware C.E. type
person. He would put a tape in the integrated drive and "press a
button". That was it. Everything else was just application level
programming. The closest that I know of today is the IBMi (nee AS/400)
which supposedly only needs a "administrator" who supposedly doesn't
need to know much more than how to read a manual. Of course, the OS
being more or less "hard wired" into the hardware means that there are
basically NO internals documented.​

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#23 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#28 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)

"no internals documented" ... including hardware operation &
instructions

AS/400 was targeted at being migration path for s/36 and s/38 ... and
lower-level "FS" features (from s/38) were eliminated ... but because of
the very high-level ease of operation ... it was relatively
straight-forward to migrate both s/36 and s/38 to as/400.

starting late 70s, the was IBM program to migrate the multitude of
internal microprocessors to RISC (801 iliad chips) .... low & mid range
370s, controllers, as/400, etc. For various reasons these programs
aborted (with risc engineers leaving for risc programs at other vendors)
... and things reverted to doing traditional CISC chips ...  including
crash CISC chip design program for as/400. However, the as/400 interface
is so high .... that decade later, as/400 finally did migrate to 801
risc (power/pc).

past posts mentioning 801, risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

note about the same time apple macs went from motorola 68k to power/pc
.... and since has moved to intel (latest change is claimed because IBM
wasn't doing power efficient power/pc chips for laptop market).

other triva: my brother was regional apple market rep (largest physical
region conus). I would get invited to business dinners and sometimes got
to argue mac design with the mac developers (before mac was announced).
He worked out how to get on online access to the hdqtrs system to track
manufacturing and delivery schedules ... which was an IBM S/38.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 23 Jun 2017 13:32:56 -0700

Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:

And with all that, you never did create a "bootable monitor".

Not to downplay the difficultly of writing to the bare metal on S/360.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#20 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#24 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#26 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#27 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

the stand-alone version (assembled in 30minutes) booted with the BPS
loader an clean machines ... the OS/360 version (assembled in 60minutes
because of the os/360 DCB macro assemble time).

had console interface to indicate what it was suppose to do,
tope->printer/punch and/or card reader->tape.

BPS loader was self-loading text deck that you put in front of standard
TXT deck ... would load and pass control to the loaded application. I
eventually found a BPS application that generated purely self-loading
... it processed TXT cards into simpler form that required less
processing for loading ... aka ESD and RLD records, etc.

The BPS application to generate a self-loading application was used for
the BPS loader application that turned it into a self-loading
application (which then could be used to load regular "TXT" decks).  360
boot process was that BPD loader process would also work from tape
... with card desk image written to tape.

BPS loader was also used for CP/67 and VM/370 ... all the assembled
system decks were put behind the BPS loader (originally on bare machine
... but also worked in virtual machine) and IPL'ed ...  the intial load
sequence would then write the loaded image to disk and quit. The disk
IPL then would do the inverse of the disk write and then turn control
over to the system.

It wasn't as sophisticated as Lincoln Labs "LLMPS" which had a lot more
functions ... like tape->tape copying and bunch of other stuff something
like DEBE. "LLMPS" was made available on SHARE program library ...  and
MTS "folklore" was that Univ. of Michigan used it as original core for
MTS.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 24 Jun 2017 08:54:32 -0700

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

How did you learn about directing hardware devices?  Was there
technical documentation easily available at the center?  I'm assuming
that the existing device software didn't use all the opcodes, bits,
flags, etc.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#20 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#24 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#26 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#27 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#30 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

starting with assembler manual and principles of operation and green
card ... and lots of dedicated time, 48hrs straight ... the whole
machine room all to myself from 8am sat. until 8am monday.

principles of operation gave all the instructions and description
of how they worked as well as general i/o operations.
http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/ibm/360/princOps/
also functional characteristics
http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/

partial rendition of green card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html
reader/punch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#23
tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#25
pringer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#24

one of the important things I learned somewhat trial and error was first
thing to do when I came in on saturday morning was clean all the tape
drives and take the 2540 reader/punch apart and clean it. also if the
1403 box of paper was getting low, stage a new box of paper.  less
frequent was replacing ribbon on 1403 printer.

also, sometimes when I came in sat. morning, 3rd shift will have
finished early and had completely powered everything off and the room
was completely dark. I would have to hit the processor front panel power
on. Sometimes the power sequence wouldn't complete. I would then have to
power off, go around to each of the controllers, put them in "CE mode",
power them on individually, and go back to the processor front panel and
power it on and then go back and switch each of the controllers back to
normal mode.

there was a lot more to running a machine room that just the software
programming part ... had to learn all this other stuff somewhat trial
and error.

duplicating cards on 026 keypunch & multi-punching hex codes was also
somewhat trial & error.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Google Employees Weighed in on What Makes a Highly Effective Manager. Technical Expertise Came in Dead Last

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Google Employees Weighed in on What Makes a Highly Effective Manager. Technical Expertise Came in Dead Last
Date: 24 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#25 Google Employees Weighed in on What Makes a Highly Effective Manager. Technical Expertise Came in Dead Last

In briefings Boyd would emphasize constantly "observing" from every
possible facet as countermeasure to orientation (and/or confirmation)
bias).

Boyd also in presentations talks about cultivating independent sources
for information ... he references this in Organic Design for Command
and Control, pg.28 "My use of 'legal eagle' and comptroller at NKP"
... sort of a version of trust but verify. NKP reference gone 404, but
lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Claims that heterogeneous groups being more productive than
homogeneous groups might be considered another flavor of this.
https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/diverse-backgrounds-personalities-can-strengthen-groups

Boyd posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
Date: 23 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#23 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#28 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#29 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#32 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)

I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern
social media) in the late 70s and early 80s on the internal network
(larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until
sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive
committee was informed of online computer conferencing (and the
internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

One of the threads was corporate bureacracy was approaching black hole
precluding anything productive from happening. Had a problem with the
analogy until ran across paper about black holes evaporating.

from ibmjargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh
of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry
middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely
distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed
dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and
also constructively criticised the way products were are
developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious
interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try
reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

this states that Tandem Memos was outcome of Gray's:

MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the
Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities -
not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages,
editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term
every programmer will understand, being another expression of the
proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.

... snip ...

But it actually started from a trip report that I distributed after
periodic visit to see Jim at Tandem.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 24 Jun 2017 10:04:58 -0700

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

I had fun playing with this when I updated a toy OS from Madnick and
Donovan (keyed in by hand from the listing in the book over many lunch
hours).  I assembled it to get the text deck and wrote my own 3-card
loader, unknowingly duplicating something I could have downloaded from
somewhere. I assembled the loader and then either stripped out the
machine code or rekeyed it in ISPF (forget which now) to crete the
bootable loader deck. Then I "punched" the loader followed by the OS
deck to my reader on VM and IPLd it. It was a fun project.

aka XEDIT ... not ISPF

trivia: mid-60s, Madnick did the rewrite of ctss runoff to CMS for
script ....  i.e. it was the "dot" documenting formating.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

then in 1969, GML was invented at the science center ... and tag
documenting formating support was added to CMS script
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

I've mentioned before about parts of IBM having trouble adapting
to software charging after the 23june1969 unbundling announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

JES2 ran into this with NJI networking Monthly price charged times
number of forecasts had to cover development costs plus ongoing
maintenance ... there was no price*forecast that satisfied the criteria
(even tho the original source from HASP had "TUCC" in cols 68-71).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

By comparison VM370 RSCS/VNET easily met the criteria with a $30/month
...  however this was in the period when POK was convincing corporate
hdqtrs to kill VM370 product (and transfer all the people to work on
MVS/XA, or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time). Eventually the JES2
group cut a deal with VM370 to announce a combined JES2+VNET product at
$600/month (the combined NJI+VNET forecast times $600/month covered the
NJI costs).

Later they finagled the rules so the products just had to be in the same
organization. The VM370 performance products earned as much as ISPF
... but ISPF had profit issues with something like 200 people. They
combined ISPF and VM370 performance products in the same organization
and cut the VM370 performance products to three people ... so the VM370
performance products revenue cut underwrite the ISPF costs.

other triva: there were several internal fullscreen editors that were
much more mature and had more function than the brand new XEDIT ... but
Endicott had some NIH. One of the most advanced was RED ... and I
tried to convince Endicott that it should release RED than XEDIT.

Eventually Endicott responded that it was the RED author's fault that
RED was so much more advanced than XEDIT ... and it should be the RED
author's responsibility to bring XEDIT up to level compareable to RED.

some past RED/XEDIT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#22 When did full-screen come to VM/370?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#39 20th anniversary of the internet (fwd)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#55 The very first text editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#26 Assembler question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#5 Call for XEDIT freaks, submit ISPF requirements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#43 handling the SPAM on this group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#54 THE runs in DOS box?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#36 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#11 Information on obscure text editors wanted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#95 VM IS DEAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#44 CMS load module format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#102 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#89 Real Programmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#23 Three Reasons the Mainframe is in Trouble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#107 CMS Editors was TSO Test does not support 65-bit debugging?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#84 Hottest Editors

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
Date: 24 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#23 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#28 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#29 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#32 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#33 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)

IBM required that all links leaving premise have link encryptors.
Mid-80s there was claim that IBM internal network had more than half
of all link encryptors in the world. IBM TP controller only supported
up to 56kbit links ... communication group even produced report for
the corporate executive committee why customers wouldn't want T1
(1.5mbit) until the 90s (even tho there were already hundreds of
customers with T1s).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Starting early 80s, I had HSDT project with T1 and faster speed links
... was having equipment built on the other side of the pacific.
Friday before overseas visit to see progress, communication group set
out notice for new online discussion group on "high-speed" with
following definitions: low-speed: 9.6kbits, medium-speed: 19.2kbits,
high-speed: 56kbits, very high-speed: 1.5mbits. Monday on wall of
conference room wall on the other side of the pacific: low-speed:
<20mbits, medium-speed: 100mbits, high-speed: 200-300mbits, very
high-speed >600mbits.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

I really hated what I had to pay for T1 link encryptors and link
encryptors for faster speed was almost impossible to find. I got
involved in doing our own ... with objective of supporting multi
megabyte (not bit) and cost less than $100. The corporate crypto group
first said that it significantly reduced crypto strength. It took me
3months to figure out how to explain to them that it significantly
increased crypto strength. It was hollow victory ... I was told I
could make as many as I liked but there is only one organization in
the world that could use them. It was when I realized that there were
three kinds of crypto: 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind
you can't do, and 3) the kind you can only do for them.

trivia: various old crypto email from the period ... including
proposal for doing a PGP-like implementation (a decade before PGP)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#crypto

another decade and we have left IBM. Some people we had worked with at
Oracle are now at a small client/server startup responsible for
something they called "commerce server". I'm brought in as a
consultant because they want to do payment transactions on the
server. The startup has also invented this technology they call "SSL"
they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic
commerce". I have absolute authority over the server to payment
network gateway ... but can only make recommendations on the
client/server side ... some of which were almost immediately violated
that continue to account for some of the exploits that continue to
this day.

the communication group report to corporate executive committee showed
number of customers using "fat pipes" (37x5 treating multiple parallel
56kbit links as single logical links) with 2, 3, 4, etc 56kbit links
... dropping to zero by 6 (as why customers weren't interested in full
T1). What they fuzzed for the report was that telco tariff for T1 was
about the same as five or six 56kbit links ... and customers just
moved to full T1 with non-IBM controller.

communication group finally got caught and produced the 3737. Problem
was that T1 ran faster than VTAM implementation ... i.e. numbers of
bits outstanding exceeded its limit (even with relatively short
terrestrial links) ... so it would let the link drain and wait until
the other end responds. 3737 tried to fake out mainframe VTAM by
simulating a local CTCA link ... immediately telling local VTAM that
bits had already arrived at remote end. It had lots of 68k processors
and boatload of memory for pulling off the spoof. Even at that it was
limited to about 2mbits/sec aggregate ... full-duplex T1 is
1.5mbits/sec in each direction, 3mbits/sec aggregate. EU T1 is 2mbits
or 4mbits/sec aggregate.

old email mentioning 3737
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005

past posts mentioning 3737
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#77 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#2 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#54 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck? (Part One)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#103 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#19 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#92 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#23 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#57 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#4 A joke seen in an online discussion about moving a box of tape backups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#87 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#89 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#24 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#47 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printerhistory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#66 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#16 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#46 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#66 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#47 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#31 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#42 20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#82 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#57 TV Show "Hill Street Blues"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

FCC proposes record fine for robocall scheme

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: FCC proposes record fine for robocall scheme
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 24 Jun 2017 19:50:57 -0700

danny burstein <dannyb@panix.com> writes:

Could we also have the "ring current" redirected
to his anatomy...

early 80s, IBM did vulnerability study of offsite remote access and
found things like hotel PBX were especially a problem. They
then did 2400 baud encrypting modem for home, road warrior, and
other access.

folklore is senior VP & former EE got early version and as part of
installing it, he check for current by touching contacts to his tongue
just as phone rang. he then directed that all phone jacks had to
be recessed so babies (and IBM senior executives) couldn't touch
them with their tongue

past posts mentioning encrypting modem:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#11 Security Proportional to Risk (was: IBM Mainframe at home)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#62 Wireless security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#57 high speed network, cross-over from sci.crypt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#35 Metroliner telephone article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#5 Are there more stupid people in IT than there used to be?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#30 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#66 Memory Mapped Vs I/O Mapped Vs others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#16 should I encrypt over a private network?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#30 I need magic incantation for a power conditioner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#60 Cybercrime Checks Into The Hotel Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#25 Fear the Internet, was Cool Things You Can Do in z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#19 disclosing "business" information on the internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#35 Chase, Bank of America credit cards too hacker-friendly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#31 IBM bans Siri: Privacy risk, or corporate paranoia at its best?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#23 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#38 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#86 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#100 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#18 TV show Mannix observations

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CMSBACK

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CMSBACK
Date: 24 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

adstar distributed storage manager ADSM ... becomes TSM ... Tivoli
Storage Manager

before that ADSM was WSDF ... workstation datasave facility ... before
that it was CMSBACK ... i had originally done in the late 70s for
internal datacenters and went through a few internal releases
... before being enhanced for WDSF and release to customers. Some old
CMSBACK email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cmsback

past posts mentioning backup/archive, cmsback, wdsf, adsm, tsm, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

TSM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager
TSM history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager#History

TSM descended from a project done at IBM's Almaden Research Center
around 1988 to back up VM/CMS systems. The first product that emerged
was Workstation Data Save Facility (WDSF). WDSF's original purpose was
to back up PC/DOS, OS/2, and AIX workstation data onto a VM/CMS (and
later MVS) server. WDSF morphed into ADSTAR Distributed Storage
Manager (ADSM) and was re-branded Tivoli Storage Manager in 1999.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The most important invention from every state

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The most important invention from every state
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 25 Jun 2017 09:32:16 -0700

The most important invention from every state
http://www.businessinsider.com/the-most-important-invention-from-every-state-2017-6

????

MA: World Wide Web

Made accessing online data easier for the general public

• technology
• MIT professor, Tim Berners-Lee
• 1990

????

first web server in US (outside Europe) on SLAC VM370/CMS system (california)
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
and
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

now virtual machines, internal network, lots of online and performance
work was done at IBM cambridge science center (MA) ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

... and GML was invented at the science center in 1969 ... which
morphs into ISO standard SGML a decade later ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

and then SGML morphs into HTML at CERN after another decade:
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360/95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360/95
Date: 25 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

number of 360/95s
http://www.chilton-computing.org.uk/ca/technology/s360_195/p001.htm

The 360/91 was IBM's answer to the CDC 6600 and its main development
was started in 1963. It used 750 nanosecond memory that was retained
in the 360/195. It was a deeply pipelined system with no cache. the
pipeline had 20 stages that meant that number of instructions could be
in execution at the same time as long as the pipeline was kept
full. Interleaved memory helped to achieve this as did a speculative
execution a la the STRETCH. About 20 360/91s were made. A newer model
360/95 with faster memory was developed but only two made. Then came
the 360/195.

... snip ...

I got dragged into effort to do 370/195 hyperthreading. 195 had
pipeline but no branch prediction, so conditional branches drained
pipelined. optimized code ran around 10MIPs but normal code tended to
only get 5MIPS (because of conditional branches. They wanted to do two
instruction streams; two PSW, two sets of registers. Never announced
or shipped. see "Sidebar: Multithreading" in this discussion of end of
ACS/360 (also has 95 press release)
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

engineers told me that the major change from 360/195 to 370/195
(besides the few non-virtual memory instructions) was addition of
hardware instruction retry. the statement was that the 195 had so many
circuits and ran so fast, that there was some high probability of
having soft hardware failure.

Note Amdahl's account of ACS/360 end was that IBM executives thought
that it would advance the state of the art too fast and they would
loose control of the market. Also has ACS/360 features that show up in
ES/9000 more than 20yrs later

recent posts mentiong ACS/360 end and/or 370/195 hyperthreading:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#3 Is multiprocessing better then multithreading?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#81 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#84 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#85 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#90 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#26 Multitasking, together with OS operations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#80 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#81 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#84 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#35 Mainframe Family tree and chronology 2

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The most important invention from every state

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The most important invention from every state
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 25 Jun 2017 14:13:50 -0700

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#38 The most important invention from every state

more mass inventions, #2 here posted this to me
https://www.boston.com/news/local-news/2015/08/20/thank-new-england-for-these-20-inventions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Iran/Contra and Email

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Iran/Contra and Email
Date: 25 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess last
decade, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000
criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess
should have 70,000.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

note both SECDEF (Weinberger) and SECSTATE (Schultz) were Bechtel
executives when appointed
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/

loc2752-54:

Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White House operation
of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither Pollard nor the
government of Israel was aware that they had smashed George Bush's
first shipment of arms to Iran."

loc2764-65:

Despite his best efforts to silence Pollard, Weinberger would not
escape his own entanglement in the Iran-Contra conspiracy, for which
he would ultimately face criminal charges

... snip ...

Then Bush Pardons 6 in Iran Affair, Aborting a Weinberger Trial;
Prosecutor Assails 'Cover-Up'
http://www.nytimes.com/books/97/06/29/reviews/iran-pardon.html
https://www.brown.edu/Research/Understanding_the_Iran_Contra_Affair/prosecutions.php

PROFS was used for several gov.  emails ... and all email was backed
up so simple delete didn't make it go away. Congress subpoenas email
and guy running executive branch IT had to plow through backups
requiring every possible security clearance. Then there is increasing
battles between administrations disappearing email and gov. operations
trying to prevent email disappearing.

100,000 lost in the 90s, because backup was "misconfigured"
http://www.judicialwatch.org/blog/2008/01/clinton-white-house-lost-emails-too/
Hillary's email scandal -- of the 1990s! Exclusive: Larry Klayman
tells of 1 million messages 'lost' from White House server
http://www.wnd.com/2016/06/hillarys-email-scandal-of-the-1990s/
The Other Clinton Email Scandal You May Not Know About
http://ijr.com/2016/06/624529-this-isnt-the-first-clinton-email-scandal/
Politicos squabble over 'missing' White House e-mails
https://www.cnet.com/news/politicos-squabble-over-missing-white-house-e-mails/

then

The George W. Bush White House 'Lost' 22 Million Emails
http://www.newsweek.com/2016/09/23/george-w-bush-white-house-lost-22-million-emails-497373.html
Special Report: G.W. Bush's 103.6 million missing email messages and
the IT archiving challenge
http://www.zdnet.com/article/special-report-g-w-bushs-103-6-million-missing-email-messages-and-the-it-archiving-challenge/
Bush White House email controversy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bush_White_House_email_controversy
Missing White House Emails
http://www.pbs.org/weta/washingtonweek/web-video/missing-white-house-emails
Disappearing White House Emails Timeline
https://www.emptywheel.net/2008/01/17/disappearing-white-house-emails-timeline/
Group Sues White House to Restore Missing Emails; National Security
Archive says White House must reactivate its email archiving system
http://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/group-sues-white-house-to-restore-missing-emails/d/d-id/1128976

As gov. workers got more & more sophisticated preventing
administrations from disappearing email ... the administrations had to
start moving to non-gov servers.

some past Pollard refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#18 The Winds of Reform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#21 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#59 Breaking: Entire Nation Experiencing Collective Amnesia About Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#99 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
Date: 26 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#23 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#28 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#29 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#32 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#33 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)

from long ago and far away


Date: 04/01/87 14:07:21 PST
From: wheeler

re: wideband; last time I knew, there was something in bldg. 26 (on
the plant site) that would wide-band off-shift (taking over tie-line
circuits). I'm not sure that it will get to Hursley in one hop and/or
if Hursley has capability to the states.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

for a time, parts of IBM tieline ran over SBS C-band T3 satellite
network (10m dishes). SBS was satellite company setup by IBM jointly
owned by COMSAT and Aetna. Problem was that communication group didn't
have any products that efficiently supported satellite and the
associated signal latency ... which was part of what forced SBS into
phone business. If I remember correctly, wideband would setup special
dedicated link that somewhat treated as tape drive.

VTAM had two problems 1) maximum number of bits it was waiting for a
response from the other end and 2) maximum time-out without any
communication. STL to Hurseley was two hop operation. 22k miles to
satellite from west coast, 22k miles down to east coast, 22k miles up
to satellite from east coast and 22k mildes down to Hursley. Double
hop round-trip latency was on the order of second, which exceeded VTAM
time-out ... so link never worked.

Part of VTAM protocol was window protocol ... that set max. number of
bits being waited for, it would transmit in a burst before stopping
and waiting for response. In HSDT ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

we did dynamic rate-based pacing ... delay between transmissions as
part of congestion avoidance and overruns. Efficient handling met than
delay could be zero. Rate-based pacing is independent of propagation
delay/latency or outstanding #bits. I was also on the (non-IBM) XTP
technical advisory board ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
and did a rate-based pacing writeup for the protocol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/xtprate.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The most important invention from every state

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The most important invention from every state
Date: 26 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#38 The most important invention from every state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#40 The most important invention from every state

other trivia: after having left IBM ... two people had worked with at
Oracle are at small client/server startup responsible for something
called "commerce server". I'm brought in as consultant because they
want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also
invented this technology they called "SSL" they want to use, the
result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

From the law of unintended consequences, IBM/PCs evolve into
client/server and distributed computing. Late 80s, communication group
is fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing
trying to preserve their dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install
base. Senior disk engineer gets talk scheduled at internal, annual,
world-wide communication group conference supposedly on 3174
performance, but opens the talk with the statement that the
communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the
disk division. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the
datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop
in disk sales. The disk division had some up with several solution to
the problem ... but the communication group with (their stranglehold)
corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crosses the
datacenter walls ... and constantly vetoes them. Note that it isn't
just disk division, a couple years later the company goes into the red
... and there are articles about how customers are fleeing to killer
micros.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Magstripe done by IBM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetic_stripe_card#History

and magstripe standards were run out of IBM Los Gatos lab for many
years
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetic_stripe_card#Further_developments_and_encoding_standards

somewhat from having worked on "electronic commerce" after IBM ... I
was asked to participate in X9 financial standards organizations and
author some number of financial standards ... X9 is ISO financial
standards permanent secretary.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

one of the people from Los Gatos
http://www.nemecfamily.net/fan/career.html

For a time, I had wing of offices and labs at Los Gatos. After I had
left IBM, I got contract job ported one of the VLSI tools to
SUN. After the troubles of the early 90s, IBM was unloading all sorts
of stuff. One was lots of internal tools. There was a deal with
Cadence to pickup a lot of IBM VLSI design tools. IBM Los Gatos had
used Metaware to develop some number of languages including the
original mainframe Pascal (which eventually is released to customers
and also ported to RS/6000). Biggest Cadence customer base ran on SUN
workstations ... and so the IBM (VS/Pascal) VLSI tools had to be
ported to SUN. I had this contract for 50,000 statement VS/Pascal
"layout" tool ... to move to SUN. SUN pascal didn't look like it had
ever been used for anything else than introduction education classes
... further complicating things was that SUN had outsourced Pascal
support to an organization 12 time zones away.

past posts mentioning porting VLSI app to SUN pascal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#34 August 23, 1957
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#14 something like a CTC on a PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#77 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#54 PL/I vs. Pascal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#27 "Best" versus "worst" programming language you've used?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#21 The simplest High Level Language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#53 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

past posts mentioning metaware:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#20 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#66 Mainframe Spreadsheets - 1980's History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#19 Beyond 8+3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#52 Question about Unix "heritage"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#71 What terminology reflects the "first" computer language ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#42 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#30 First single chip 32-bit microprocessor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#35 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#38 CAS and LL/SC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#39 CAS and LL/SC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#61 will there every be another commerically signficant new ISA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#14 something like a CTC on a PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#0 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#1 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#33 Power5 and Cell, new issue of IBM Journal of R&D
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#8 Free to good home: IBM RT UNIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#14 Newbie question on table design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#77 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#11 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of ?patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#36 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#11 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#29 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#28 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#54 PL/I vs. Pascal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#69 Making Z/OS easier - Effectively replacing JCL with Unix like commands
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#32 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#20 Mainframes Warming Up to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#89 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#21 The simplest High Level Language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#59 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#36 Quote on Slashdot.org
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#51 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#52 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#62 Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#24 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#94 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

F-35

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: F-35
Date: 26 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

f-35 was original bomb truck with cost-reduced power & stealth
assuming F-22 was flying cover to handle real threats
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html
some f-22, f-16, f-18c, f-35, f-18f comparison, other f-22, f15, f-35
http://www.ausairpower.net/jsf.html

Spring 2015, DOD put export control on latest computer chips. Fall
2015 at supercomputer conference, china demonstrates they are making
their own chips ... used in supercomputers (they have top two, more
powerful than the next eight combined), signal processing for radar,
guidance systems, autonomous vehicles, etc. claim is that the advanced
signal processing can reduce the number of transmit/receive pairs in
apg-81 by nearly two orders of magnitudes with no loss in capability.

recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#55 How to Kill the F-35 Stealth Fighter; It all comes down to radar ... and a big enough missile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#89 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#22 Iran Can Now Detect U.S. Stealth Jets at Long Range
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#46 China takes the lead in supercomputing while America sleeps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#73 Note on dis-orientation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#77 Test Pilot Admits the F-35 Can't Dogfight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The most important invention from every state

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The most important invention from every state
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 27 Jun 2017 10:03:15 -0700

"Kerr Mudd-John" <admin@127.0.0.1> writes:

"What have the Romans ever done for us?"

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#38 The most important invention from every state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#40 The most important invention from every state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#43 The most important invention from every state

concrete that lasts 2000 yrs. A couple years ago, navy academy was
having to replace 40yr old concrete seawall ... about the same time
berkely lab  paper about finally figuring out how romans made congrete
that lasted 2000 yrs. They also found that it takes less energy and
causes less evironmental damage to produce.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#78 IBM commitment to academia

Ancient Roman Concrete Is About to Revolutionize Modern Architecture
http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-06-14/ancient-roman-concrete-is-about-to-revolutionize-modern-architecture
Roman Seawater Concrete Holds the Secret to Cutting Carbon Emissions
http://newscenter.lbl.gov/2013/06/04/roman-concrete/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Windows 10 Pro automatic update

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Windows 10 Pro automatic update
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 27 Jun 2017 11:28:17 -0700

0000000433f07816-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Paul Gilmartin) writes:

I see the history differently.  This is conjectural, but I believe
that UNIX had at least the user/group/others file protection facility
at a time when OS/360 had only the primitive data set passwords.  I
recall, perhaps at MVS 3.8, systems programmers still relying on
passwords to control access to the master catalog or the resident
volume.  (Where I was, the res pack password was the system ID spelled
backwards.)  MVS bypassed the concept of resource ownership and went
directly to the ACL-like RACF.

I was working on IBM's HA/CMP cluster scaleup both technical/scientific
(with national labs) and commercial (with RDBMS vendors) ... reference
to JAN1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a couple weeks, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM
supercomputer (for technical & scientific only) and we were told we
couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

later, two of the oracle people in the ellison meeting have left and are
at a small client/server startup responsible for something called the
"commerce server". I'm brought in as consultant because they want to do
payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this
technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently
called "electronic commerce".

I have complete authority over the webservers to payment networks
gateway (but could only make recommendations on the client/server side,
some of which were almost immediately violated, which continue to
account for some number of exploits to this day). I have to do a whole
lot of process documentation and compensating procedures for
availability, dark room operation, and diagnostic processses (payment
network call centers were use to doing 5min 1st level problem
determination; 1st pilot electronic commerce service call was closed
after 3hrs of effort with "no trouble found").
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

Part of the issue is lots of UNIX is oriented towards interacting with
human ... with frequent implication that any problem is resolved by the
responsible human. I contrasted this (for darkroom operation) that
mainframe has long history of software where there is assumption that
responsible person isn't present and therefor lots of processes grew up
over decades to handle issues automagically.

Disclaimer: while out marketing for IBM's HA/CMP, I coined the term
disaster survivability and geographic survivability (to
differentiate from disaster/recovery). I was then asked to write a
section for the corporate continuous availability strategy
document. However, the section got removed when both Rochester (as/400)
and POK (mainframe) complained they couldn't meet the requirements.

past availability posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

Later at the 1996 Moscone MDC, all the banners said "Internet" but the
constant refrain in all the sessions was "preserve your investment".
The issue was that they had single user dedicated systems that had
history of business applications with executable scripts embedded in
application data, that were automagically executed ... in purely
stand-alone environment or small, safe, isolated business LANs. This was
being extended to the wide anarchy of the internet with no additional
security measures.

trivia: I had worked with Jim Gray at IBM san jose research on various
things including the original SQL/RDBMS, System/R. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

When he left IBM, he palms off some number of things on me, including
consulting for the IMS group. During 1996 Moscone MDC, he is head of the
new SanFran research center and has open house. Then last decade, before
he disappears, he cons me into interviewing for chief security architect
in redmond. The interview drags on for a couple weeks, but we could
never agree on what needed to be done.

MVS trivia: in the 60s, there was lots of work on CP67 for 7x24 dark
room operation. This was in period when IBM rented machines and charges
were based on system meter that ran whenever the processor and/or any
channel was active (everything had to be idle for at least 400ms before
meter stopped). Initial deployments had little offshift & weekend use,
but to encourage use, the systems had to be always available, even when
totally idle. Part of minimize costs there was lots of work on channel
programs that would allow channel to go idle (and system meter stop),
but be immediately available for arriving characters. Long after IBM was
selling machines, MVS still had a 400ms timer event that guaranteed the
system meter would never stop.

also CP67 from that period ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback
machine.
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

authentication trivia: Former head of POK and later head of Boca was CEO
at a Kerberos software company that we were doing some joint
projects. At the time, they also had contract to do the intitial
Kerberos implementation for m'soft (what becomes active directory)
https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb742424.aspx

unix folklore: note that some of the CTSS people had gone to 5th flr to do Multics and
others went to the science center on the 4th flr and did cp/40, cp/67,
internal network, bunch of online stuff, lots of performance monitoring
and modeling, also invented GML in 1969 (morphs into ISO standard SGML a
decade later and after another decade morphs into HTML). Folklore is
that some of the Multics Bell Lab people, returned home and did UNIX (as
simplified Multics). past posts mentioning 545 tech sq.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
posts mentioning gml, sgml, html, webservers, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

When I was undergraduate and cp67 was installed at the univ., I completely
rewrote a lot of the code. Something like 15-20yrs later, I found some
code in unix that was similar to cp67 code I had completely replaced,
conjecture was it traced common heritage back to CTSS.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics#Unix

original thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#23 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#28 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#29 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor bil ling by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#33 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#42 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The rise and fall of IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The rise and fall of IBM
Date: 29 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

The rise and fall of IBM
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm

After 40 years of unrivalled success, IBM is now in serious
trouble. What has happened? Jean-Jacques Duby explains how the
company's values and the cogs and wheels of its internal management
system doomed IBM to failure, in the light of long developments in the
technical, economic and commercial environment. But why there should
have been such a sudden shock remains a mystery. Perhaps IBM's mighty
power had delayed its downfall, making this all the more brutal as a
result, like the earthquake which follows the sudden encounter of two
continental plates

... snip ...

I use to sponsor's Boyd's briefings at IBM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

... and still attend Boyd conferences ... including series that have
run at Marine Corp University, Quantico, circa 1990, Commandant Gray
had leveraged Boyd for make-over of the corp. it is too bad that there
wasn't somebody circa 1990 that could have leveraged Boyd for
make-over of IBM.

earlier version from 1846, Elements of Military Art and Science Or, Course Of Instruction In Strategy, Fortification, Tactics Of Battles, &C.; Embracing The Duties Of Staff, Infantry (Henry Wager Halleck)
http://www.amazon.com/Elements-Instruction-Fortification-Embracing-ebook/dp/B002RKSO9K

loc5019-20:

A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as
indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide,
and act, all in the same instant.

... snip ...

somewhat related recent post (I 1st met Donald some time ago at Boyd
conference):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#13 Why the Pentagon would rather hire bin Laden than Donald Vandergriff

when he was instructor at USAF weapons school, he was considered
possibly the best fighter pilot in the world. Then when he was head of
lightweight fighter plane at Pentagon, responsible for redesign of F15
and then the YF16 & YF17 (that turn into F16 & F18). However
by the time he passed, he was pretty much disowned by the USAF and it
was the Marines at Arlington and all his effects went to Quantico. A
surprise for USAF to have Boyd Hall after he passed:

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose
which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and
positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that
are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite
often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords
with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you
have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want
to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be
or to do, that is the question. Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF 1927-1997

From the dedication of Boyd Hall, United States Air Force Weapons
School, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. 17 September 1999

Boyd posts & refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at internal
annual world-wide communication group conference supposedly on 3174
performance ... but opens the talk with the statement that the
communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the
disk division. The issue was that the communication group had
stanglehold on datacenters with strategic responsibility for
everything that crossed the datacenter walls and were fiercely
fighting off client/server and distributed computing, trying to
preserve their (emulated) dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The
disk division was seeing data fleeing the data center to more
distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The
disk division had come up with several solutions to address the
problem but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication
group. A few short years later the company has gone into the red.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

mid-80s, senior executives were predicting that IBM revenue was going
to double, mostly based on mainframe business and had huge bldg
program to double mainframe manufacturing capacity ... even when
things were starting to head in the opposite direction. There was also
a lot of fast-track MBAs being rotated quickly through lots of the
middle management positions (anticipating big business increase, even
when things were starting to head in opposite direction, a big part
the stranglehold that communication group had on datacenters).

AMEX was in competition with KKR for private equity take-over of RJR
and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires away the president of
AMEX to turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby
blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board then
hires away the former president of AMEX that reverses the breakup and
resurrects the company ... using some of the same techniques used at
RJR (employees are no longer resources but costs to manipulate)
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

running the company becomes all about financial engineering

from Stockman's "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism
in America" ...  pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on
steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company
spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure
that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year
period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

Somewhat similar to years of not funding and/or diverting
infrastructure funding (leaving it a problem for future
administrations) ... and from the laws of unintended consequences
... Volcker talking to civil engineering professor about money has
been diverted from infrastructure spending for so long ... there
aren't civil engineering jobs, lack of jobs, students stop taking
classes, w/o students, univ. start shutting down programs and dropping
professors ... Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the
Education of a President
http://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS

pg290:

Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent
several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a
huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges
and a s**tty financial system!'

... snip ...

A few years ago with the stimulus funding ... projects were having to
hire Chinese companies to get civil engineers.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SS Trust Fund

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: SS Trust Fund
Date: 29 June 2017
Blog: Facebook

"baby boomer" generation is four times larger than previous generation
and twice as large as following generation. during the "baby boomer"
prime earning years, contributions were building up principle in SS
Trust Fund for their retirement benefits (more money being paid in
each year than being paid out). Stockman, 1980s budget director,
claims credit for 1) accelerating contribution increases that cover
increasing lifetimes of baby boomers (life expectancy which has
recently slightly dropped compared to the 1980s), and 2) starting to
tax SS benefits (double taxed; taxes when contributions made and taxed
again when benefits paid out; standard retirement fund is either tax
deferred and taxed when paid out or taxed when invested, but not taxed
again when paid out; SS is double taxed) ... he wanted the additional
funds available for military spending

As baby boomers move into retirement, the situation flips ... more
benefits being paid out of SS Trust Fund each year than being paid
in. The only way to restore the borrowed SS Trust Funds (to pay baby
boomer benefits) is to increase taxes on the following generations
.... as well as to increase taxes further to cover what the borrowed
SS Trust Funds were being used for ... people on capital hill would
joke that there is a desk drawer somewhere in West Virginia where all
the SS Trust Fund IOUs are kept ... sort of implying implying that
future legislation may go past double taxation as way of reducing
benefits that actually have to be paid out.

when the situation starts to flip ... benefits exceed contributions as
more baby boomers move into retirement, carefully manipulation of the
books can take advantage of SS double taxation (both contributions and
benefits being taxed) ... the taxation on benefits can be used to
offset the shortfall in contributions requiring gov. to start "paying
back" borrowed SS Trust funds (but it can be done with double taxation
on contributions and benefits).

2002, congress lets fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't
exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO
report that 2003-2009, tax revenue cut $6T and spending increased $6T
for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsibility act (also 1st time
taxes cut to not pay for two wars). Of DOD spending increases they
found over trillion with nothing to show for, accounted for or
explanation ... even tho they had explanation for things like $60B in
pallets of shrink wrapped $100 bills airlifted to Iraq for bribes,
tributes, graft and corruption.). since then some cut in the spending
but no restoration of taxes so debt continued to increase. the
republican congress responsible for the fiscal responsible act is
completely different from the republican congress that went on tax cut
and spending spree. By 2005, the US Comptroller General was including
in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school
arithmetic for how badly there were savaging the budget.

Fiscal Responsibility Act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
US Comptroller General posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess last
decade, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had
1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic
mess should have 70,000.

S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Shareholders Ahead Of Employees

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
Date: 03 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

How GE, GM, Coca-Cola And Kodak Put Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2017/06/29/how-ge-gm-coca-cola-kodak-put-shareholders-ahead-of-employees/

earlier:
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html

related:

Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert
panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by
financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas

GF: Which innovations have been most harmful?

Galbraith: Fraudulent instruments for asset-backed securities, like
liars' loans, NINJA loans, and CDOs (collateralized debt obligations),
should top anybody's list. They institutionalized the criminal
takeover of the mortgage business, beginning with liars' loans and the
fraudulent representation of the borrowers and carrying on through
fraudulent representation of the risks in the securities. CDOs take
the toxic waste of some mortgage-backed securities and combine it with
the toxic waste of other mortgage-backed securities and call the
results diversified. The whole chain was certain not only to collapse,
but to bring down the affected institutions.

... snip ...

Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman

Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as
"monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money
supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary
policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government
policies, especially during the 1980s.

... snip ...

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest

Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than
anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's
theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides
the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor
believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in
department seminars.

... snip ...

The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-champions-of-the-401-k-lament-the-revolution-they-started-1483382348?mod=e2fb
Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts,
Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc1200-1206:

There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US
individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension
reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in
the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the
Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was
substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of
all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.

loc72-74:

"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the
troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside
Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to
adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared
with other disciplines."

... snip ...

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar
to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky
disproved economists' assumption that people make rational decisions
... loc:1155-59:

He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was
stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models
are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the
people you know are idiots."

... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets Nobel prize in economics, in part for
debunking some cherished economic theories

inequality posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

other

"Too Big To Fail"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SS Trust Fund

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: SS Trust Fund
Date: 03 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#

First major act after allowing fiscal responsibility act lapse is
Medicare Part-D 2003. CBS 60mins does expose on the process. Just
before the final vote, a one line sentence is added (preventing
competitive bidding) and CBO is prevented distributing an analysis of
the change. 60mins then show drugs bought by the VA (which is allowed
competitive bidding) that are 1/3rd the price of identical drugs under
part-D. 60mins also finds that within 6months after part-d passes, the
18 republicans responsible for getting part-d passed have resigned and
are on drug industry payroll. US Comptroller General starts including
in speeches that part-d comes to be a long term $40T item that swamps
all other budget items (he is also including in speeches that nobody
in congress is capable of middle school arithmetic for how badly they
are savaging the budget).

medicare part-d
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d
US comptroller general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stopping the Internet of noise

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Stopping the Internet of noise
Newsgroups: comp.misc, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 04 Jul 2017 16:38:36 -0700

RS Wood <rsw@therandymon.com> writes:

The internet is getting noisy. Too noisy. Having grown up in the
nineties, with 56k dial-up, I sometimes struggle to understand how
little I'm accomplishing today with all the bandwidth I can leverage.

claim is that porn provided most of the funding for the video tape
industry as well as early internet. early 90s, claims that almost all
usenet bandwidth was becoming porn.

around the turn of the century, a large e-commerce hosting company
observed that they were hosting five porn websites that all had more
hits/month than the top websites in the monthly traffic reports
(i.e. porn didn't feel necessary to particpate in the traffic
sweepstakes for most monthly web hits).

1993 I did pagesat modem drivers for a couple different platforms and
co-authored article in boardwatch magazine ... in return for getting
free pagesat full usenet feed. picture with dish in backyard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/pagesat.jpg
pagesat dish

not long later, they doubled link speed (from 9600 to 19.2k), in large
part because of the enormous increases from porn traffic.

trivia: Late 70s & early 80s, I was blamed for online computer
conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal
network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning
until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive
committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the
internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. Turns out the sixth, then
provided funding out of his office to do stuff. I was then working
with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M for interconnecting the
NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other
things happened, and finally NSF releases an RFP (in part based on
what we already had running). Then as the regional networks connect
into the centers it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to the
modern internet).
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

old NSF related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
past posts mentioning NSF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
old internal network related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vnet
past posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

from IBMJARGON:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a
fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to
worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference
(widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel
expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that
time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are
developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious
interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try
reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning online computer conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Possible saving grace was one of my hobbies was design, develop, test,
package, distribute and support enhanced operating systems for
internal datacenters. Lots of places ran my enhanced operating
systems, including the world-wide online sales&marketing support
HONE systems.

... other NSF trivia: NSF gave UC $60M for UC Berkeley supercomputer
center. However, UC Regents "master plan" called for UC San Diego to
get the next bldg ... so the supercomputer center was done in San
Diego instead (and General Atomics was contracted to run the
center). Also going on at UCB there was work on "Berkeley 10M"
... which was going to include transition from film to digital and
remote viewing. Was doing some pilot stuff at Lick Observatory with
200x200 CCDs (40kpel, there was rumor that Spielburg was funding work
on 4kx4k, 4megapel CCD). They didn't want to take NSF money because
NSF would then have control of viewing schedule. They eventually got
grant from the Keck Foundation and it became Keck 10M and the Keck
Observatory. We figured they would need (initially) around 800kbit/sec
connection for remote viewing from the mainland.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._M._Keck_Observatory

past posts mentioning pagesat and/or boardwatch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#38 Vanishing Posts...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#39 I'll Be! Al Gore DID Invent the Internet After All ! NOT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#66 UUCP email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#16 Newsgroups (Was Another OS/390 to z/OS 1.4 migration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#20 Newsgroups (Was Another OS/390 to z/OS 1.4 migration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#11 An Out-of-the-Main Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#77 Memory Mapped Vs I/O Mapped Vs others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#17 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#16 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#19 Another one bites the dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#21 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#84 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#74 bulletin board
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#75 Posts missing from ibm-main on google groups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#70 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#82 [OT] What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#92 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#26 Anyone here run UUCP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#38 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#57 email security re: hotmail.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#109 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#59 The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#21 Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Boyd's OODA-loop

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Boyd's OODA-loop
Date: 03 July 2017
Blog: Linkedin

observing is data ... sensing, seeing, hearing, feeling, etc. it then
is turned into information and hopefully wisdom/understanding in
orientation.

One of things mentioned at some recent Boyd conferences is Kahneman's
"Thinking Fast and Slow" ... which is somewhat related to
implicit/explicit. Boyd would frequently mention fingerspitzengefuhl
... aka "finger feel", an intuition touch metaphor. There is also
Coup d'oeil, an intuition observe metaphor.  ... free kindle book
from 1846 ... has lots & lots of minutia ... as well as almost OODA,
see/decide/act. Elements of Military Art and Science Or, Course Of
Instruction In Strategy, Fortification, Tactics Of Battles, &C.;
Embracing The Duties Of Staff, Infantry (Henry Wager Halleck)
http://www.amazon.com/Elements-Instruction-Fortification-Embracing-ebook/dp/B002RKSO9K

loc5019-20:

A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as
indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide,
and act, all in the same instant.

... snip ...

most hierarchical paradigm/scenarios I'm aware of are (raw) data,
information, knowledge, wisdom/understanding.

One of Boyd's example was original F16 heads-up displays that was just
scrolling digital numbers. He claimed that it took enormous pilot
effort to turn the scrolling digital numbers (data) into useful
information and distracting from flying/fighting (not helping).

past posts mentioning Boyd and/or OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Kodak trivia ... one of the organizations we were working with in the
early/mid 80s ... was Cyclotomics (Reed-Solomon forward error
correcting company) up in Berkeley (one of the founders was
Berlekamp). Cyclotomics was also involved in the digital coding
standard for CDROMs ... and while we were working with them, were
bought by Kodak (part of its effort trying to transition to
digital). We also had engineer on the project that had been Reed's
graduate student at CalTech and had done a lot of the work on
Reed-Solomon. past posts mentioning Cyclotomics:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#27 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#29 Just another example of mainframe costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#82 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#61 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#0 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#58 DASD, Tape and other peripherals attached to a Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#55 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#57 Oldest computer in the US government

Note that just because they might know what to do, that doesn't mean
they can. In the early 80s, there was article (Wash. Post?) calling
for 100% unearned profit on the US auto industry. The scenario was
supposedly the foreign auto import quota was to give the domestic
makers enormous profits that they would use to completely remake
themselves. However, they just pocketed the money and continued
business as usual.

In 1990, the US auto industry had the C4 task force to work on
completely remaking themselves and because they were planning on
heavily leveraging technology, they invited representatives from
technology companies to send participants. In the meetings they could
accurately describe what the competition was doing better and what
they needed to do to respond. However, as recent bailouts have
indicated they still continued business as usual. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

One of the issues was auto industry took 7-8yrs from start to rolling
off the line, running two efforts concurrently offset 3-4yrs so there
was something new more often with cosmetic changes in between. By the
mid-80s, the foreign competition had cut that elapsed time in half to
turn out completely new product and by 1990 were in the process of
cutting it in half again ... aka, OODA-loop running at least four
times faster. This is totally separate from things like Toyota
quality. GM had major example with Corvette with especially tight
tolerances under the "skin" ... delay between original design and
ready to manufacture, suppliers frequently had changed their products
so they no longer would fit the design ... which required expensive
redesign and delay.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dunkirk

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dunkirk
Date: 03 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

Panzer Leader (Heinz Guderian) loc1783-85:

On this day (the 24th) the Supreme Command intervened in the
operations in progress, with results which were to have a most
disastrous influence on the whole future course of the war. Hitler
ordered the left wing to stop on the Aa. It was forbidden to cross
that stream. We were not informed of the reasons for this. The order
contained the words: 'Dunkirk is to be left to the Luftwaffe.

loc1856-61:

Churchill's guess that Rundstedt may have himself decided to hold up
the armor is also wide of the mark. As the commander on the spot I am
able, more-over, definitely to state that the heroic defense of
Calais, although worthy of the highest praise, yet had no influence on
the development of events outside Dunkirk. Churchill assumes, quite
correctly, that Hitler, and above all Goering, believed German air
supremacy to be strong enough to prevent the evacuation of the British
forces by sea. This belief was a mistake pregnant with consequence,
for only the capture of the British Expeditionary Force could have
influenced the English towards making peace with Hitler or could have
created the conditions necessary for a successful German invasion of
Great Britain.

... snip ...

somewhat similar to US Army Air Corp claims that strategic bombing
would win WW2 w/o US having to invade France.

high altitude strategic bombing had trouble hitting any target (modulo
a whole city as target with fire bombing). A problem was that from 5-6
miles up, strategic bombing had difficult hitting targets, even with
detailed coordinates from wallstreet. European Campaign: Its Origins
and Conduct
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075

loc2582-85:

The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German
defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At
Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth
Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation
for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden
bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level
altitude sights.

... snip ...

som past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#33 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#34 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970
>

Boyd's OODA-loop

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Boyd's OODA-loop
Date: 05 July 2017
Blog: Linkedin

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#52 Boyd's OODA-loop

Lots of stuff is teaching what ... Boyd would spend lots of time
comparing/contrasting different why and context ... w/o knowing why &
context, people are just repeating rote actions, never understanding
if it is applicable and/or appropriate. Anderson spends a lot of time
on context and model-free
https://artificial-understanding.com/two-dirty-words-6703aee8e323

Quite a bit of Boyd discussions goes on here
http://missioncommand5ws.com/

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

C4 trivia: the analysis was foreign makers found that at the quota
limit ... they could sell that many high priced cars ... rather than
the low-priced car models they had been selling. This motivated
changing development cycle to come out rapidly with totally different
models (cutting development time in half). Combined quota limit and
competition moving from low-end to high-end market allows US makers to
nearly double the price of their products. Consumers weren't richer so
US industry had to move from 36m loans to 60-72m loans. The longer
loans forced them into extending warranties to lifetime of the
loan. Since US continued business as usual and just pocketed the
money, the combination of poor quality and extended warrenties later
started to hit them in pocket book. Part of C4 was development elapsed
time, but part of C4 was also quality (motivated by warrenty
costs). Foreign makers then also started setting up plants in the US
as way around quotas.

auto C4 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

Foreign makers were use to having workers with at least high school
education. When they started setting up plants in the US, they said
they had to require a junior college degree in order to be assured of
getting workers with high school education

some background: NUMMI
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NUMMI
and:
How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

from above (a little bit out of Anderson as well as "mission command"):

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't
want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have
adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970
>

Stopping the Internet of noise

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Stopping the Internet of noise
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 05 Jul 2017 22:44:13 -0700

hancock4 writes:

Correct, you do NOT tell people to "go away".  Well, you shouldn't.  But
in the Internet world, the rules are different than traditional polite
society.  If a user gets the "your browser is too old, fix it!" message,
it's the user's fault for being behind, not the site.  This bugs me.

The computer world has always been about moving FORWARD*.

Heck, back when I worked for a System/360 site, people who worked on
S/370 sites would blatantly look down on me and my employer**.  People who
had IBM's latest hardware would brag about it.  They really gave it to
us when they heard we still ran 1401 Autocoder.  (As it turns out, there
were a lot of S/360 sites and a lot of Autocder out there.)

When the PC 386 came out, anyone with a 8088 or 286 was behind the times
and needed to "get with it!".  Indeed, a distinction was made between the
386 DX and SX (I forgot which was which, but you were supposed to have
the later one.)  It made no difference if your PC, which you probably paid
$2,000 in 1985 dollars, served you just fine, if you didn't have the latest
chip, you were deficient.

• Remember "Patton"?  "I don't want to get any messages that we're 'holding
on to our position'.  Let the enemy do that.  WE ARE CONSTANTLY MOVING
FORWARD!..."

**That employer finally moved to a 4300 box.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#51 Stopping the Internet of noise

from IBMJARGON

MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the
Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities -
not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages,
editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term
every programmer will understand, being another expression of the
proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.

... snip ...

The part about "Tandem Memos" is incorrect ... it started from a trip
report that I distributed after a visit to Jim at Tandem.

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of
breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle
management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely
distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed
dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also
constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos
are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality
products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981
Datamation summary.

... snip ...

Another recent reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#81 The ICL 2900 Buying a computer in the 1960s

Jim did write "MIP envy" as part of leaving for Tandem .... copy here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920
same copy here
http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/gray/papers/MIPEnvy.pdf
which now redirects to
http://jimgray.azurewebsites.net/papers/mipenvy.pdf
and Jim's page now redirects to here
http://jimgray.azurewebsites.net/
... however there use to be a 24Sept1980 version there, still at the
wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20081101000000*/http://research.microsoft.com/~gray//papers/CritiqueOfIBM'sCSResearch.doc

after Tandem Memos, and part of the task forces to investigate online
computer conferences ... past posts with some of the information
gathered from visits to other locations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#61
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#56

old internal network related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vnet
past posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
past posts mentioning online computer conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
Date: 06 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-most-epic-computer-glitch-you-have-ever-seen/answer/Robert-Garrett-36

past posts about cooling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#88

the large 370s, 308x, 3090, etc used closed (distilled) water inner
loop heat exchange to external chilled water cooler.

there was thermal sensor on the inner loop ... however at one customer
they lost flow on the external water side ... and by the time the
(internal) thermal sensor was tripped ... but by then it was too late
... the capacity of the inner loop couldn't handle the heat in the
system and fried a bunch of circuits. after that they put flow sensors
on the external water side.

....

FE had bootstrap diagnostic/service process starting with scoping
components. With 3081 TCM, it was no longer able to scope
components. As a result, service processor was introduced with probes
into TCM (for diagnostics). The service processor could be
scoped/serviced ... and then used to diagnose TCMs. 3081 service
processor was UC with everything RYO. The 3090 service processor
started out 4331 running customized version of VM370 release 6
(service "panels" were done in CMS IOS3270). This was upgraded to a
pair (replicated) 4361s for "3092". 3092 also required a pair of FBA
3370s (even for MVS installations which has never had FBA support, CKD
disks are emulated on industry standard fixed-block disks, decades
after last real CKD disk was manufactured). some past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#80
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#42
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#38
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#86
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#88

After Future System project imploded (was totally different from 370
and was going to completely replace 370, during FS period 370 efforts
were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the 370 period is
credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold), 3033 &
3081 Q&D efforts were kicked off in parallel. 3033 started out being
168-3 logic mapped to 20% faster chips (some optimization got 3033 up
to 50% faster than 168-3). 3081 was some warmed over FS stuff. Some
more info
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

other FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

1976, we had project to do 16-way SMP which everybody thot was great
and got the 3033 processor engineers to work on it in their spare time
(lot more interesting remapping 168-3 logic). Then somebody told the
head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son
operating system had effective 16-way support. Then some of us were
told to never visit POK again ... and the 3033 processor engineers
were instructed to stop being distracted. z900 w/16-way finally shows
up in 2000.

as soon as 3033 was out the door, the 3033 processor engineers start
on "trout" (aka 3090).

I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern
social media) in the late 70s and early 80s on the internal network
(larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until
sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive
committee was informed of online computer conferencing (and the
internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Some of the 3090 processor engineers participated ... and the guy
doing the 3092 service processor was very active. from ibmjargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh
of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry
middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely
distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed
dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and
also constructively criticised the way products were are
developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious
interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try
reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

One of possible motivations for TCMs is floor space. Cluster of 4341s
had higher aggregate MIP rate than 3033, much smaller floor space,
much less environmentals, etc. Late 70s, internal datacenters were
bursting at seams happening when there was big uptic in demand for
computing power (but it was very expensive to add more datacenter
space). This was big factor contributing to putting hundreds of
distributed 4341s out in in departmental areas (supply rooms or taking
over departmental conference rooms, inside IBM conference rooms became
scarce commodity).

3081 had channels at bottom of box and two processors in the middle
and top of the box. 3081 originally was going to be multiprocessor
only. However ACP/TPF operating system didn't have multiprocessor
support and there was danger that market would move to clone makers
that were offering newer, faster single processor. This prompted
introduction of 3083 single processor. Started out leaving processor0
and removing processor1 in the middle of the box ... but that left it
dangerously top heavy. They

this also talks about motivations for FS ... including trying to lock
out clone controllers but from law of unintended consequences, it led
to the rise of clone processors
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm

there is also discussion here
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html
and more discussion here
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/

One of the "nails" in FS coffin was performance analysis by IBM
Houston Science Center ... that if 370/195 applications were moved to
the fastest available FS, it would have throughput of 370/145 (about
factor of 30 times slowdown) .... which turns out wasn't an issue in
the low-end S/38 market.

Note AS/400 was to be followon to both S/36 and S/38 ... and some of
the S/38 FS stuff was dropped for AS/400.

All during the FS period I continued to work on 360/370 stuff and even
periodically ridiculed FS (which wasn't exactly career enhancing
activity). The "single-level store" was in large part picked up from
TSS/360. During FS, I did a page-mapped filesystem and claimed I
learned what not to do from observing what TSS/360 did (the FS people
never got to the point to even understand that).

some page-mapped filesystem posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

trivia: I was asked why 370 moved to all virtual memory. I then sent
out requests to several IBMers. This is old post with part of that
discussion (the respondent has since passed) ... including VS2 being
"glide path" to FS's VS2 release 3. The original motivation was that
MVT storage management was so bad that it required regions four times
larger than what was used. A typical 1mbyte 370/165 MVT ran with only
four regions, moving to virtual memory could increase this by factor
of four times with little or no paging.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

FB trivia: in the mid-70s, the US HONE (world-wide online
sales&marketing support) datacenters were consolidated at 1501
Cal. (across the back parking lot from IBM Palo Alto science
center). When FB 1st moved to silicon valley it was to new bldg 1601
Cal. built next door to the old HONE datacenter (FB has since moved
into the old SUN campus).

some HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

FS trivia, There had been a Pentagon papers type event when 370
virtual memory document had showed up at industry publication (before
virtual memory was announced). As a result, they did a special secured
VM370 systems with soft copy FS documentation that could only be read
from special locally attached 3270s .  FS was divided into 12 (13?)
sections. My wife reported to head of one the FS sections ... and her
observation was most of the sections were purely paper bullet
descriptions with nobody having any idea of how they might be
implemented.

... and there is communication controller CRC glitch

from old post:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#36

references vmshare archive (TYMSHARE started providing their cms-based
online computer conferencing "free" to SHARE starting
AUG1976). Trivia: I had made deal with TYMSHARE to provide me a
monthly tape of all VMSHARE files that I would put up on internal
machines and internal network, biggest problem I had was with the
corporate lawyers who were concerned that customer information would
contaminate IBM employees:

i.e. possibly to maintain one bit density for various
transmission/sync'ing requirements.

there is the ancient (in)famous case at cornell university that tried
out new (RF) wireless technology for campus communication between
various mainframe operations. the mainframe communication controller
(37x5) used standard crc for detecting transmission errors. however,
the wireless modem used similar polynomial for permuting transmission
bits (maintain one-bits transmission density?). the result was that
transmission errors tended to be permuted in such a way that they
weren't caught by the (37x5) CRC.

detail
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/read?fn=CRC-FAIL&ft=PROB&line=1
description
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/read?fn=CRC-FAIL&ft=PROB&line=474
discussion of crc polynomial issues:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/read?fn=CRC-FAIL&ft=PROB&line=660

from a co-worker (at the time) ... purely random coincidence but he
happen to send me some email a couple weeks ago (after over ten years
lapse). in any case, in the above, he references an article on the
subject he worte for april 1985 PC tech journal titled "high
performance crc generation".

above fragments as single article:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse?fn=CRC-FAIL&ft=PROB

past vmshare email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stopping the Internet of noise

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Stopping the Internet of noise
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 06 Jul 2017 14:50:18 -0700

Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:

Actually, not Obamacare, as far as I know, it was the Stimulus Package.

Quite a bit has been spent on computerization.  I've actually noticed
a steady increase in computerization at the various places I go.  We
can't have what we want, because FREEDOM:

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#51 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#55 Stopping the Internet of noise

Kaiser has had several articles about improvements in health care after
doing EHR

Can Computers Cure Health Care? Kaiser Permanente, the nation's largest
HMO, is betting $1 billion that information technology can help doctors
practice better medicine (1998)
http://archive.fortune.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/1998/03/30/240116/index.htm
Kaiser Permanente Completes Electronic Health Record Implementation (2010)
https://share.kaiserpermanente.org/article/kaiser-permanente-completes-electronic-health-record-implementation/
Use of Health Information Technology Leads to Improved Care Quality (2010)
https://share.kaiserpermanente.org/article/use-of-health-information-technology-leads-to-improved-care-quality/
It Takes More than an Electronic Health Record to be Most Wired (2014)
https://share.kaiserpermanente.org/article/it-takes-more-than-an-electronic-health-record-to-be-most-wired/

note at one time, my doctor was on Kaiser's EHR implementation
committee.

HL7 for medical records goes back much further ... 31st annual meeting
http://www.hl7.org/
past HL7 ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#55 Google ventures into health records biz

we were brought into NIH NLM UMLS over 20yrs ago
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/umls/sourcereleasedocs/current/HL7V30/

some other EHR history
https://www.slideshare.net/cuteus/history-of-electronic-health-records-ppt

WIKI
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_health_record

part of motivation for EHR was transition to digitized images away from
film. we were brought into some efforts 20yrs ago looking at breast cancer
image recognition.

this is making news again

Google's AI is now detecting cancer with Deep Learning
http://www.deccanchronicle.com/technology/in-other-news/040317/googles-ai-is-now-detecting-cancer-with-deep-learning.html
Google's artificial intelligence can diagnose cancer faster than human
doctors
http://www.mirror.co.uk/tech/googles-artificial-intelligence-can-diagnose-9975987
Using AI to Detect Cancer, Not Just Cats
https://www.wired.com/2017/05/using-ai-detect-cancer-not-just-cats/

past posts mentioning UMLS:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#26 Misc. more on bidirectional links
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#27 History of Microsoft Word (and wordprocessing in general)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#1 Off-topic everywhere [was: Re: thee and thou
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#45 XML, AI, Cyc, psych, and literature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#50 XML, AI, Cyc, psych, and literature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#53 c.d.theory glossary (repost)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#7 The Network Data Model, foundation for Relational Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#52 Specifying all biz rules in relational data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#67 Relational vs network vs hierarchic databases
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#0 Relational vs network vs hierarchic databases
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#57 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#45 Where should the type information be?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#47 Where should the type information be?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#74 Speculation ONLY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#10 Boyd & Beyond 2010, review at Zenpundit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#87 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#77 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#36 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#34 The head of the Census Bureau just quit, and the consequences are huge

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stopping the Internet of noise

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Stopping the Internet of noise
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 06 Jul 2017 19:04:36 -0700

"J. Clarke" <j.clarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

It wasn't a matter of "the later one".  The SX was a 386 on a 286 frame--
24-bit external addressing and 16 bit external data.  The SX was actually
"later" than the full-32-bit version.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#51 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#55 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#57 Stopping the Internet of noise

The 80386SX variant (1988, original 386 1985)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_80386#The_80386SX_variant

In 1988, Intel introduced the 80386SX, most often referred to as the
386SX, a cut-down version of the 80386 with a 16-bit data bus mainly
intended for lower cost PCs aimed at the home, educational, and small
business markets while the 386DX would remain the high end variant used
in workstations, servers, and other demanding tasks. The CPU remained
fully 32-bit internally, but the 16-bit bus was intended to simplify
circuit board layout and reduce total cost.[13] The 16-bit bus
simplified designs but hampered performance. Only 24 pins were connected
to the address bus, therefore limiting addressing to 16 MB,[14] but this
was not a critical constraint at the time. Performance differences were
due not only to differing data bus-widths, but also due to
performance-enhancing cache memories often employed on boards using the
original chip.

... snip ...

recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#110 IBM downfall

mentions that far east clone makers were building up huge inventory of
286 machines for fall holiday sales when 386sx was introduced ...  much
faster than 286, integrated functions on chip that reduced number of
chips (and cost) for building systems ... resulting in fire sales of 286
systems.

... also:

The original 80386 was subsequently renamed 80386DX to avoid
confusion. However, Intel subsequently used the 'DX' suffix to refer to
the floating-point capability of the 80486DX. The 80387SX was an 80387
part that was compatible with the 386SX (i.e. with a 16-bit
databus). The 386SX was packaged in a surface-mount QFP, and sometimes
offered in a socket to allow for an upgrade.

... snip ...

Note mid-80s ... in HSDT project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

and was having some hardware built on the other side of the pacific. On
visits they liked to demonstrate all the neat stuff they were doing ...
including surface mount chips. At the time, all the surface mount chips
in the US were just regular chips with contacts clipped off flush with
the bottom of the chip. recent posts mentioning having equipment
built on the other side of the pacific:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#9 Some IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#69 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#82 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#26 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Deconstructing the "Warrior Caste:" The Beliefs and Backgrounds of Senior Military Elites

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Deconstructing the "Warrior Caste:" The Beliefs and Backgrounds of Senior Military Elites
Date: 06 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

Deconstructing the "Warrior Caste:" Beliefs and Backgrounds of Senior Military Elites
https://stratblog.sites.usa.gov/deconstructing-the-warrior-caste-the-beliefs-and-backgrounds-of-senior-military-elites/

Japanese "mission command": How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem
Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't
want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have
adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

... and

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies
that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a
tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the
work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to
the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous
emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.

... snip ...

Boyd would include in briefings that former military officers (steeped
in rigid, top-down, command&control, effectively only those at the
very top know what they are doing) were starting to contaminate US
corporate culture. However, about the same time articles started
appearing that MBAs were starting to destroy US corporations.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mannix "computer in a briefcase"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Jul 2017 09:03:12 -0700

hancock4 writes:

Yes, some advanced prosperous industries had fancy electronics (someone
mentioned Boeing's designers with fancy machines).  But I still submit
that was a rare exception.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#18 TV show Mannix observations

as undergraduate, univ. hired me fulltime to support ibm mainframe
production systems. then Boeing hired me fulltime to help with the
formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing in
an independent business unit to better monetize the investment), i was
one of first half dozen BCS employees.

I though renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world ... and
growing ($200M-$300M in ibm mainframes). Summer of 1969, 360/65s were
arriving faster than they could be installed ... boxes constantly staged
in the halls around the machine room. There was also plans to replicated
Renton datacenter up at the new 747 plant in Everett. Disaster scenario
where Mt. Rainer heats up and the resulting mud slide takes out Renton
datacenter ... analysis that Boeing being w/o the renton datacenter
would cost more than the cost of the renton datacenter.

Summer of 1969, 747#3 was flying skies of Seattle getting FAA flt
certification. Also tour of 747 passenger mockup claimed that 747 would
never be served with fewer than four jetways (because the number of
people on board).

Later at IBM, I would sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM. He would comment
about being vocal about opposition to electronic sensor program across
trails in SE Asia ... possibly as punishment he was made commander of
"spook base" (he would say it had the largest air conditioned bldg in
that part of the world) about the same time I was at Boeing. One of
Boyd's biographies says that "spook base" was $2.5B windfall for IBM
(ten times Renton, both late 60s dollars, nearly ten times that in
current dollars). spook base reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback
machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

posts & URLs referencing Boyd and/or OODA-loops
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

ACS-END includes some computer data from 1968
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Of the 26,000 IBM computer systems in use, 16,000 were S/360 models
(that is, over 60%). [Fig. 1.311.2]

Of the general-purpose systems having the largest fraction of total
installed value, the IBM S/360 Model 30 was ranked first with 12%
(rising to 17% in 1969). The S/360 Model 40 was ranked second with 11%
(rising to almost 15% in 1970). [Figs. 2.10.4 and 2.10.5]

Of the number of operations per second in use, the IBM S/360 Model 65
ranked first with 23%. The Univac 1108 ranked second with slightly over
14%, and the CDC 6600 ranked third with 10%. [Figs. 2.10.6 and 2.10.7]

.... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Boeing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#28 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#46 Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#87 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#14 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#14 Perry Mason TV show--bugs with micro-electronics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#75 Mainframe operating systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#90 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#19 MVT doesn't boot in 16mbytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#51 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#95 Early use of word "computer", 1944
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#11 Mainframe Networking problems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
Date: 07 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

When I transferred to San Jose Research in the 70s, I continued my
habit of design, implementation, test, distribution and support of
enhanced production systems for internal datacenters. They also let me
wander around silicon valley, STL & DBMS groups, disk engineering &
product test, consolidated US (online sales&marketing support) HONE
datacenters in Palo Alto, customers, monthly SLAC BAYBUNCH meetings,
etc. There was joke that I worked four shifts/week; 1st shift in
research, 2nd shift over at disk engineering, 3rd shift in STL, and
weeks at HONE.

Across the street at disk engineering, they had bunch of mainframes,
pre-scheduled 7x24, for stand-alone development testing. They had once
tried MVS for some concurrent testing, but in that environment MVS had
15min MTBF (requiring manual re-ipl). I offered to rewrite
input/output to be bullet proof and never fail allowing any amount of
on-demand concurrent testing greatly improving development
productivity.

I did an internal-only document on everything that I needed to do. I
then got a call from MVS group and was expecting them to ask about
what was needed to be done, but instead they were asking who my
manager was. It turns out that in the document, I happened to mention
MVS 15min MTBF and they were trying to get me fired (when they found
out the couldn't, they then tried to take revenge in any other way
possible, including blocking any awards for the work).

A couple years later ... with the pending introduction of 3380s, the
FE had several dozen (57) hardware error regression tests ... all of
which resulted in MVS hang/failure and needing to reboot; in 2/3rds of
the cases, there wasn't even any record of what had caused the
hang/reboot. old email reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801015

After my earlier experience with the MVS group, I wasn't about to help
them. Past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

Because all development was going on under my software, the engineers
started blaming my software when something wasn't working right and I
had to go over and diagnose their hardware problems. One of the
hardest problems ... not so much to diagnose, but convince them to
correct it was they started presenting unsolicited unit check (that
would crash normal systems since it violated channel
architecture). Problem was that 3830 controller had fast horizontal
microcode processor. Move to 3880 controller they did fast hardware
path for 3mbyte/sec transfer but switched to slow JIB-prime veritical
microcode processor for everything else. This drove up elapsed time
for starting channel program, chaining from CCW to CCW, and cleaning
up after channel program ended. 3330 connected to 3880 took longer
elapsed time and had increased channel busy (compared to
3830). Attempting to partially mask the slow-down, they tried
signalling channel-end early before everything was complete. Then if
they found something during cleanup, they tried signalling unsolicited
unit check. I finally was involved in conference calls with POK
channel engineers to get the 3880 engineers to fix it. There "fix" was
to save the unit check to the next SIO, and signal CC=1, CSW-stored
w/o actually starting the next operation.

The next problem was that 3090 developers had configured number of
channels assuming 3880 operated like 3830 but with 3mbyte/sec
transfer. However, it didn't, 3880 had much higher channel busy
... eventually resulting in 3090 had to ship with many more channels
(to offset the 3880 increased channel busy overhead). Increasing
number of channels required an additional TCM ... and joke was that
3090 group was going to charge the 3880 for the extra manufacturing
costs. Marketing then would spin the increased number of channels as
significant increase in I/O throughput ... when it actually was to
offset the significant increased channel busy with 3880.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Play the Pentagon-Funded Video Game That Predates Pong

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Play the Pentagon-Funded Video Game That Predates Pong
Date: 07 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

Play the Pentagon-Funded Video Game That Predates Pong
http://warisboring.com/play-the-pentagon-funded-video-game-that-predates-pong-2/

post from last year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#4 Play the Pentagon-Funded Video Game That Predates 'Pong'

Some of the ctss
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
people went to the 5th flr and did multics
http://multicians.org/history.html

Others went to the science center on the 4th flr
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

and did virtual machine, bunch of online stuff, invented GML in 1969
(morphs into ISO SGML a decade later, and after another decade morphs
into HTML), and the internal network (technology also used for the
corporate sponsored univ BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
and past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

spacewars was also ported to 2250-4 (1130 + 2250). sometimes on
weekend I would bring my kids into work and set them up to play
spacewars.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_2250

much later I would sponsor Boyd's briefings. He would say he was very
vocal against the electronic sensors across the trails in SE
Asia. Possibly as punishment, they gave him command of "spook
base". "spook base" reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback
machine.
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Before Pac Man, Pong, or Space Invaders, there was Igloo White - the
original computer video game - where the loser paid in real blood, so
that the winner did not have to.

... snip ...

above mentions 2250s ... but pictures are of other graphic displays.

posts & URLs referencing Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Late 70s, somebody implemented mainframe multi-user spacewars that ran
on 3270 terminals ... users could be either on the same mainframe
and/or on other mainframes connected over the internal network. Almost
immediately people started implementing automated bot players that
were beating real humans. Somewhat to put humans and bots on level
playing field, the game was changed so that energy consumption
increased non-linear as interval between commands decreased below a
"human" threshold.

past posts mentioning 3270 multi-user spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#26 Help needed on conversion from VM to OS390
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#72 OT: One for the historians - 360/91
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#20 Whatever happened to IBM's VM PC software?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#12 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#4 Fast action games on System/360+?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#22 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#5 real-time messages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#74 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#0 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#33 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#5 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#45 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#56 VAXen on the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#66 Wasn't instant messaging on IBM's VM/CMS in the early 1980s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#24 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#27 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#64 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#7 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#68 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#27 RBS Mainframe Meltdown: A year on, the fallout is still coming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#38 1969 networked word processor "Astrotype"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#1 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#48 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#9 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#17 IBM Destination z - What the Heck Is JCL and Why Does It Look So Funny?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#1 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Real World OODA

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Real World OODA
Date: 07 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

Note in briefings Boyd would stress observing from every possible
facet (in part, as countermeasure to orientation bias) ....
implication attempting to being able to observe everything in the real
world (ideally observe is outside the perimeter of the real world
being able to sense everything in the real world).

He would also talk about doing reviews of periodic large scale war
games, he characterized admirals and generals playing golf all year
while their staffs practiced. When it came time for the war game, the
flag officers had to "finger feel" for the information flows in the
war rooms. This then gets respun as "information overload".

Boyd would periodically refer to fingerspitzengefuhl (finger feel),
familiarity/experience that has "fast" intuition about the situation
... a touch sensory metaphor.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fingerspitzengef%C3%BChl

the visual metaphor is "Coup d'oeil"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coup_d%27%C5%93il

which shows up with Clauswitz in "On War". I've previously posted 1846
(Elements of Military Art and Science) reference that is "Coup d'oeil"
that is very close to OODA (see/decide/act), loc5019-20:

A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as
indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide,
and act, all in the same instant.

... snip ...

posts & URL referencing Boyd and/or OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

I've also referred to these "fast", intuition akin to Kahneman's
"fast" from his "Thinking Fast and Slow"

recent posts mentioning Kahneman:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#66 Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#24 Disorder
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#0 Locking our own orientation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#89 Understanding decisions: The power of combining psychology and economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#96 Cognitive Bias Codex, 2016
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#44 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#96 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#16 Conservatives and Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#44 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#52 Boyd's OODA-loop

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
Date: 08 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#61 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

After the unsolicited unit check problem but still six months before
3880 first customer ship, one Monday morning I got blamed for
preformance in product test, bldg15 all going down the tubes. I got
call asking what I had done to their system over the weekend. Product
test got early engineering processor models (usual #3 or #4) for disk
testing. Bldg. 15 had got very early engineering 3033 (#3 or #4) and
were running my systems ... disk testing used almost no CPU time, even
with several going on simultaneously. They attached 16 3330 drives
with 3830 controller to the 3033 for general online use.

In any case, I said I had done nothing, and asked them what they had
done. They said nothing, but eventually trace it to they had replaced
the 3830 controller with 3880 controller over the weekend. The game
with signaling channel program done and leaving 3880 busy had other
unintended consequences (not just the game with unsolicited unit check
interrupts). As part of IOS rewrite for bullet proof and never fail, I
also made I/O redrive superfast. The 3880 game was that software (like
MVS) has enormous pathlength processing interrupt and redriving device
with any queued I/O. They figured the 3880 could really finish the
operation in parallel with the operating system processing. However,
my I/O redrive pathlength was significantly faster than 3880 after I/O
cleanup processing. As a result my I/O redrive hit the 3880 controller
before it had really finished processing (after the interrupt trying
to fake that it had finished before it actually did). The redrive
would then give CC=1, CSW stored to the SIOF with SM+BUSY (controller
busy). The software had to requeue the attempted new operation and
wait for CUE interrupt indicating controller was really
available. Under load with queued, pending operations, it met that not
only the additional delay for every I/O (compared to 3830) but for
every I/O, it started having to do double queue/dequeue and double
SIOFs and double I/O interrupt processing. This showed up as
significant reduction in throughput (compared to what they were use
to).

posts referencing getting to play disk engineer in bldgs. 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is AMD Dooomed? A Silly Suggestion!

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is AMD Dooomed? A Silly Suggestion!
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 08 Jul 2017 10:51:30 -0700

Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:

However, June 6, 2005 (the date on which Steve Jobs announced that
Macintosh computers would switch to Intel processors from the PowerPC)
is later than April, 2003, when the first Opterons with AMD's 64 bit
extensions were released (let alone 1999, when AMD announced their
plan for a 64-bit alternative).

note that the folklore at the time was that IBM/power was focused more
on the server markets and weren't coming out with more power efficient
chips for laptop/battery market .... forcing Apple to go with vendor
that was more laptap friendly.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple%27s_transition_to_Intel_processors#Reasons

In particular, he cited the performance per watt projections in the
roadmap provided by Intel.[12] This is an especially important
consideration in laptop design, which affects the hours of use per
battery charge.

...

Further, the heat produced by the chip proved an obstacle to deploying
it in a laptop computer, which had become the fastest growing segment of
the personal computer industry.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is AMD Dooomed? A Silly Suggestion!

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is AMD Dooomed? A Silly Suggestion!
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 08 Jul 2017 11:29:08 -0700

anton@mips.complang.tuwien.ac.at (Anton Ertl) writes:

The S/38 descendents are like mainframes in the distinction above (I
would probably count them as minis rather than mainframes, though).
That they migrated to one of the IBM hardware lines rather than Xeons
is due to being an IBM product.  If they were from a separate company,
they probably would have migrated to Xeons by now.

folklore is that after failure of Future System project ... some of the
people retreated to Rochester and did S/38. One of the features is
single-level store ... FS had somewhat taken from TSS/360. However in
the early 70s, I had done a page-mapped filesystem and would say that I
learned what not to do based on what I saw in TSS/360. The lack of
performance and asynchronous/overlapped would have been a major
performance problem in the mainframe market ... if they had gotten far
enough along to know what they were doing.

The S/38 implementation for the low-end market didn't have the same
performance issues that would have been major problem for mainframe
market.

Another S/38 was that they treated all disks as single filesystem with
scatter allocation. The result was whole system was shutdown for backups
as single operation ... and any single disk failure required restoring
everything as single filesystem (could take 24hrs elapsed time with
just a few disks). This would never had worked for mainframe environment
with hundreds of disks.

Trivia: original "RAID" work/patent was in 70s at san jose disk division
... and S/38 was eventually original use ... since single disk failure
had such a disastrous impact.

AS/400 was combined follow-on for S/34, S/36, & S/38 (with some number
of S/38 features being dropped).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System_i

trivia: late 70s, there was program to move the myriad internal
microprocessors to 801/risc Iliad chips ... this included followon to
low/mid range 4331/4341 mainframe, as/400, controllers, etc.  For
various reasons all these efforts floundered and things reverted to
business as usual with custom cisc chips ... including as/400 (and found
some number of 801/risc engineers going to other vendors).  Note that
as/400 finally did move to 801/risc power/pc a decade ltaer.

trivia: long ago and far awy, my brother was regional apple marketing
rep (largest physical region conus). one of the things he did was work
out how to dialin to the corporate s/38 that had all the manufacturing &
delivery/shipping information to track his orders.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
Date: 09 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#61 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#64 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

re: network glitch
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_Tree_EXEC
on bitnet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
almost exactly year before morris worm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_worm

re: CCDN 70s networked 3270s; modulo PVM (pass-through-virtual
machine). Which simulated 3270 terminals (akin to CCDN) remotely on
internal VM370 network and VM370 systems.

The VMSG author also did Parasite/Story ... it did IBM/PC HLLAPI-like
implementation (well before IBM/PC), that leverage the psuedo-device
interface in VM. It could create psuedo 3270s on the same machine, or
interface to PVM to login into networked machines. PVM had also done
CCDN gateway, so from PVM it was also possible to connect to any CCDN
machine. This has some old Parasite/Story examples ... including PUT
bucket retain from RETAIN (create virtual 3270, connect to PVM,
connect to CCDN, connect to RETAIN)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#36

VMSG trivia: PROFS group had collected some number of internal
applications for use with their MENU interface, including a very early
verrsion of VMSG as email client. When the VMSG author tried to author
them a much enhanced version, they tried to get him fired (having
taken credit for everything in PROFS). The whole thing quieted down
when the VMSG author demonstrated that his initials were in every
PROFS email (in non-displayed filed). After that the VMSG author only
distributed source to me and one other person.

HONE/CCDN trivia: when US HONE datacenters were consolidated in
silicon valley in the mid-70s, started work on fall-over,
load-balancing cluster leverage CCDN front-end. By late 70s, US HONE
had maximum data farm cluster configuration with high-end POK
multiprocessors. (8 3830 processor configurations with 16
processors). Load and availability of the cluster was monitored and
CCDN HONE logins were routed to appropriate CEC in the complex
(possibly largest single-system-image complex in the world). It was
something like another three decades before this support shipped to
customers. In the early 80s, this was extended to replicated images in
Dallas and then 3rd in Boulder (for disaster survivability).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

re: other IBM History

At SJR we had a bunch of demo programs. When there was corporate audit
of SJR computer systems, the auditors tried to mandate that all "demo"
programs had to be removed. While most internal datacenters had "For
Business Use Only" on the VM370 logo/logon screen, SJR had "For
Management Approved Use Only".

Late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing
(precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger
than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until something
mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was
informed of online computer conferencing (and the internal network),
5of6 wanted to fire me. From IBMJARGON:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh
of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry
middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely
distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed
dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and
also constructively criticised the way products were are
developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious
interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try
reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

Before Jim left IBM (and before PROFS), we would sit around Friday
nights after work talking about how to get middle management and
executives motivated to use online computer systems (to give them
modicum of computer literacy). We came up with online telephone books
... and had objective that the implementation took no more than a week
of our time to write the software and collect/format/distribute the
books ... and that the implementation had to be faster than lookup in
paper book sitting on their desk (the initial implementation did
radix-partition search ... faster than binary search since we had
frequency distribution). One of the most difficult problems was
dealing with the IBM lawyers who insisted that having phone books
online was security violation.

It did have downside. At the time, 3270 terminals were part of fall
budget plan and required VP signoff. There was massive uptic in middle
management and executives wanting 3270 terminals on their desks
(because others had them, even if they never actually use them, more
for show as new status system) and were preempting 3270s being shipped
for development efforts.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MULTICS & VM370 History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: MULTICS & VM370 History
Date: 09 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

48-year-old Multics Operating System Resurrected
https://tech.slashdot.org/story/17/07/09/0414245/48-year-old-multics-operating-system-resurrected

Some of the ctss
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
people went to the 5th flr and did multics
http://multicians.org/history.html

Others went to the science center on the 4th flr and did virtual
machine,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

bunch of online stuff, invented GML in 1969 (morphs into ISO SGML a
decade later, and after another decade morphs into HTML),
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

and the internal network (later than arpanet/internet from just about
the beginning until sometime mid-80s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

technology also used for the corporate sponsored univ BITNET (also for
a time larger than arpanet/internet)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

so there was some rivalry between the 5th flr and 4th flr. It wasn't
really fair to compare the number of multics systems with the number
of VM customers, or even the number of internal VM systems, but one of
my hobbies was design, implement, test, deploy and support enhanced
systems for internal datacenters ... at one time was slightly more
than the total number of Multics systems

trivia: during FS period, I continued to work on 360/370 stuff and
would even periodically ridicule FS activties. The initial morph of
CP67 to VM370 dropped and simplified a bunch of stuff. Old email about
moving from CP67 to VM370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

with the failure of FS and the mad rush to get stuff back into the 370
product pipelines, decision was made to release bits&pieces of the
above.

During FS, 370 efforts were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products
during the FS period is credited with giving clone makers market
foothold. When FS imploded there was mad rush to get products back
into the 370 pipeline.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Also head of POK convinced corporate to kill vm370, and transfer all
the people to work on MVS/XA (or it wouldn't ship on time). Endicott
managed to save product mission, but had to reconstitute development
group from scratch. Also lots of adtech people were thrown into the
product development breach (killing off much of adtech). I sponsored
first adtech conference after this period, week before 1982 spring
SHARE.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a
also here
http://vm.marist.edu/~piper/party/jph-12.html#wheeler

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

48-year-old Multics Operating System Resurrected

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 48-year-old Multics Operating System Resurrected
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 09 Jul 2017 19:20:38 -0700

48-year-old Multics Operating System Resurrected
https://tech.slashdot.org/story/17/07/09/0414245/48-year-old-multics-operating-system-resurrected

Some of the ctss
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
people went to the 5th flr and did multics
http://multicians.org/history.html

Others went to the science center on the 4th flr
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

and did virtual machine, bunch of online stuff, invented GML in 1969
(morphs into ISO SGML a decade later, and after another decade morphs
into HTML),
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

and the internal network (later than arpanet/internet from just about
the beginning until sometime mid-80s) technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

also used for the corporate sponsored univ BITNET (also for a time
larger than arpanet/internet)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

so there was some rivalry between the 5th flr and 4th flr. It wasn't
really fair to compare the number of multics systems with the number of
VM customers, or even the number of internal VM systems, but one of my
hobbies was design, implement, test, deploy and support enhanced systems
for internal datacenters ... at one time was slightly more than the
total number of Multics systems

During FS, 370 efforts were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products
during the FS period is credited with giving clone makers market
foothold. When FS imploded there was mad rush to get products back into
the 370 pipeline.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Also head of POK convinced corporate to kill vm370, and transfer all the
people to work on MVS/XA (or it wouldn't ship on time). Endicott managed
to save product mission, but had to reconstitute development group from
scratch. Also lots of adtech people were thrown into the product
development breach (killing off much of adtech). I sponsored first
adtech conference after this period, week before 1982 spring SHARE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a
also here
http://vm.marist.edu/~piper/party/jph-12.html#wheeler

trivia: during FS period, I continued to work on 360/370 stuff and would
even periodically ridicule FS activties. The initial morph of CP67 to
VM370 dropped and simplified a bunch of stuff. Old email about moving
from CP67 to VM370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

with the failure of FS and the mad rush to get stuff back into the 370
product pipelines, decision was made to release bits&pieces of the
above.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
Date: 09 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#61 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#64 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#67 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

trivia: Charlie invented compare-and-swap when he was working on
fine-grain SMP locking for CP67 at science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

("compare-and-swap" chosen because "CAS" are Charlie's initials). When
we initially tried to get it added to 370, the POK favorite son
operating system people claimed that test&set was more than adequate
(aka they were doing single spin-lock for operating system privilege
mode). The 370 architecture owners said that to get compare&swap added
to 370, had to come up with uses other than kernsl SMP
serialization. Thus were born the multiprogramming application uses
... examples that still appear in principles of operation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

About the same time Charlie was doing some other
optimization. Standard process had been to reload 360/67 control
register zero (page table pointer) first thing in the interrupt
handler ... change was to eliminate reload when it was known that it
had same value as previously loaded. It turns out that 360/67 had a
hardware bug that after interrupt it zero'ed the associative array
(hardware table of recently used page table translation values) w/o
setting the invalid flags ... so all values appear to point to real
page zero. This bug was masked by convention of always reloading CRO
... which also set invalid bits for every associative array entry. It
was eventually decided that since this was late in 360/67 life cycle
... they weren't going to fix the hardware bug ... "fix" was to always
reload CR0 in interrupt handler.

other C&S trivia: big uptake for compare&swap was the large DBMS
multiprogramming systems (like IMS, regardless of whether running on
simplex or multiprocessor machines). Then in the 80s, you start seeing
compare&swap (or instructions with similar semantics) starting to show
up on other vendors hardware platforms that supported large DBMS
commercial environments.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
Date: 10 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#61 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#64 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#67 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#70 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

1980, STL was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people
from the IMS group to offsite bldg with dataprocessing access back to
the STL datacenter. They had tried "remote" 3270s but found the human
factors totally unacceptabile. I got con'ed into doing
channel-extender support ... put channel attached 3270 controllers at
the offsite bldg ... with channel extender back to STL datacenter.
Then the vendor tried to get IBM to allow shipping the support for
customers. However, there was group in POK playing with some serial
stuff and they objected (concerned that if it was in the market, it
would detract from being able to release their stuff).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

Then in 1988, I got asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff
they were playing with which quickly becomes fibre channel standard
(including some stuff that I had done with I/O programs for channel
extender). This started out full-duplex 1gbit (2gbit aggregate,
concurrent transmission in both direction along with protocol
enhancements to compensate for propagation delays). Then the POK
people get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 when it was
already obsolete (200mbit/sec, half-duplex, around 17mbyte/sec
effective).

Later some POK engineers become involved with fibre channel standard
and define a heavy weight protocol that drastically cuts the native
throughput ... that is eventually released as FICON. The latest peak
I/O numbers I've seen is z196 with 104 FICONs getting 2M IOPS. About
the same time there was native fibre channel announced for E5-2600
blade claiming over million IOPS (two such fibre-channel having higher
throughput than 104 FICONs running over 104 fibre channels).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mannix "computer in a briefcase"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Jul 2017 21:58:54 -0700

Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:

Let's also remember that IBM PCs were rather late to the game. There
were already an abundance of Commodores, Ataris, Amigas, Radio Shacks,
TIs, and a host of CP/M machines like Osbornes, Kaypros, etc. Most of
these cost much less than an IBM, and some of them came with large
suites of software. IBM's success was because "nobody ever got fired
for buying an IBM", so they had a heavy impact on the corporate world,
where cost wasn't a concern.

large corporations were buying tens of thousands of 3270 terminals.  It
was much simpler marketing to go and and convince incremental purchase
of IBM/PCs with terminal emulation (in place of already justified 3270
terminals) ... getting a little local processing along with the 3270
emulation all in single desktop footprint. various terminal emulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

some commodore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#68 The Rise and Fall of Commodore

from several at above post

Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/

the IBM/PC profit margin and market size created attractive opportunity
for clone makers ... increasing market size, attracting more developers,
apps helping with growing snowball effect.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mannix "computer in a briefcase"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 2017 07:14:50 -0700

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

from several at above post

Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/

the IBM/PC profit margin and market size created attractive opportunity
for clone makers ... increasing market size, attracting more developers,
apps helping with growing snowball effect.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/20017g.html#72 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"

major motivation for 16mbit t/r cards & cat5 (for terminal emulation)
was that the weight of all those 3270 terminal coax cables snaking their
way through bldgs were starting to exceed bldg loading limits ... and
just the 16mbit t/r cards were around $900.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

note however, even $900 16mbit t/r cards were cost reduced ... design
point was 300+ stations sharing same LAN bandwidth doing low speed
terminal emulation.

AIX PC/RT had done their own AT-bus 4mbit t/r cards (for workstation).
Then for rs/6000 microchannel they were told they could design their own
cards but had to use the PS2 microchannel cards. The PS2 microchannel
16mbit t/r cards had lower per card throughput than the PC/RT AT-bus
4mbit t/r cards.

The new Almaden research building, provided with lots of CAT5
(supposedly for 16mbit t/r) found than using CAT5 instead for 10mbit
ethernet, 10mbit ethernet had lower LAN transmission latency, and higher
aggregate LAN throughput (than 16/mbit t/r) ... and $69 10mbit ethernet
cards had higher per card throughput than $900 16mbit t/r cards.

my wife had written 3-tier, middle layer into response to gov. request
for large, super secure campus LAN environment. 300 station 16mbit T/R
(@$900) with bridges was more expensive and trivial avg.
bandwidth/station ... compared t0 300 station 10mbit ethernet (@69) with
mainframe channel attached high-speed router dividing config into 16
separate LAN segments (160mbit aggregate, <20stations/LAN). we were then
out making 3-tier, middle-layer cutomer executive presentations.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

this was when the communication group was fighting off client/server and
distributed computing trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm
and install base. We were taking lots of arrows from the SNA forces, the
T/R forces and the SAA forces.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Jul 2017 19:05:43 -0700

charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:

Frankly, in the beginnings of computing, including in DOS and OS/360,
there was often an assumption that all users -- at least all "real"
(TSO and development, as opposed to CICS or application) users -- were
trusted. There was a lot of your gun, your bullet, your foot. The
assumption was that the threat of dismissal was a sufficient limit on
misbehavior.

well there is this ... going back around 50yrs
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

cambridge science center ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

was running its cp/67 service, allowing both other IBM locations to use
it as well as non-employees (students, professors, etc) from
universities (mit, harvard, bu) in cambridge area.

science center had also ported apl\360 to cp67/cms for cms\apl ...
expanding workspace size (from typical 16kbytes) to virtual memory size
(required redoing apl storage management for virtual memory demand paged
environment) and adding APIs to system facilities (like file read/write)
... significantly enabling real-world applications.

One of the remote internal users was business planners at Armonk hdqtrs
who loaded the most valuable corporate assets on the cambridge system
for doing business modeling in cms\apl (and it was expected that all
such information was protected from non-authorized users ... including
students around the boston/cambridge area using the system.

note before 370 virtual memory was announced ... a document somehow
leaked to an industry publication ... which resulted in something like a
"pentagon papers" event for the corporation. For the Future System
project, they attempted a countermeasure with a significantly enhanced
vm370 system where all FS documents were softcopy and could only be read
from specially connected 3270 terminals (no file copy, printing, etc,
before ibm/pc and things like screen scraping). some FS refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

For the initial morph of CP67 to VM370, they simplified and/or dropped
a bunch of features. During the FS period I continued to work on
360/370 stuff (even when 370 efforts were being shutdown) and would
even periodically ridicule the FS efforts. Some old email about
eventually getting around to migrating from CP67 to VM370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

I had some weekend test time at datacenter with one of these FS "secure"
vm370 systems. I was in Friday afternoon to make sure everything was
setup for my use. They couldn't resist claiming that their system was so
secure that even if I was left alone in the machine room all weekend, I
wouldn't be able to do anything. So one of the few times I took the
bait. I asked them to disable all access from outside the machine room,
and then from the front panel I changed one byte in storage ... which
disabled all security measures. I suggested if they were serious, they
had to secure/protect all machine facilities (including front panel).

trivia: during the FS period, 370 efforts were being shutdown (lack of
370 offerings during the FS period is credited with giving clone
processor makers market foothold). Then when FS finally implodes, there
is mad rush to get products back into the 370 pipeline ... including
kicking of quick&dirty efforts for 3033 and 3081. some refs:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

this also contributes to decision for picking up various bits&pieces
(from CSC/VM mentioned in above email) for release to customers.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Jul 2017 20:15:39 -0700

0000000433f07816-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Paul Gilmartin) writes:

8x11mm Minox camera?  I suppose physical security can interdict that.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minox#Technical_details_of_Minox_8.C3.9711_cameras

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#74 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again

also in the wake of the company's "pentagon papers" type event, they
retrofitted all company copier machines with serial number identifier
on the underside of the glass, that would show up on all pages
copied. example from this copied document over a decade later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

trivia: not long after I graduated and joined the science center, the
company got a new CSO ... as common in that era, had previously been
at government agency & familiar with physical security (at one
time head of presidential detail). I got tagged to run around with him
for a time ... to talk about computer security.

more trivia: I found my wifes father's WW2 status reports (from
europe) at National Archives. They had been declassified but never
"marked". The NA "reading room" required that cameras had to be
registered (including serial number) and given permit and I had to
have declassification tag that appeared in every image that I took.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/dectag.jpg
nara declassification

part of one of his reports
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#82

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TRAX manual set for sale

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: TRAX manual set for sale
Newsgroups: alt.sys.pdp11, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Jul 2017 12:48:21 -0700

Bill Gunshannon <bill.gunshannon@gmail.com> writes:

I don't know what they used but up until the late 80's the children's
magazine Highlights company was a PDP-11 shop.  I know the business
was run on it.  I always assumed the typesetting was, too.

That was the source of my first PDP-11's.  An 11/24 with RA Disks and
RL02's. And an 11/23 with RL02's.  Great machines, especially the 11/24.
I really miss it.

there was ATEX
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atex_(software)
history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atex_(software)#1970s

By 1977, Atex had successfully connected reporters and editors via a
paper-free system that allowed working on-screen instead of on
typewriters. The system had a terminal-and-server paradigm, using
modified DEC PDP-11 minicomputer hardware running a custom Atex
multi-user operating system. Terminals were little more than keyboards,
with the servers directly generating video signals for each
terminal. The memory-mapped screen images were monochrome and not high
resolution, but they could scroll quickly and fluidly without the
constraints imposed by conventional serial data connections, which at
the time were not very fast. The servers were paired for redundancy;
each story saved to disk was written to two separate systems.

... snip ...

porting ATEX to RS/6000 was one of the things that kicked off our HA/CMP
product in the late 80s .... some 91/92 ATEX press (had been bought by
Kodak) including RS/6000 reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#22 DOS history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#23 DOS history question

HA/CMP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_High_Availability_Cluster_Multiprocessing

... other past HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

i've periodically referencing also doing cluster scaleup ... both
commercial with RDBMS vendors ... oracle Jan1992 meeting in
ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
and technical/scientific with national labs ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

within a couple weeks of the Ellison meeting, scaleup was transferred,
announced as IBM supercomputer (for scientific/technical *ONLY*) and we
were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors.
17Feb1992 press
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TRAX manual set for sale

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: TRAX manual set for sale
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Jul 2017 19:23:43 -0700

Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:

You've obviously never had a bunch of angry employees lined up
at the payroll office door...

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#76 TRAX manual set for sale

payroll check may not have time sensitive for each check operation
... but frequently they have deadlines to finish all of payroll.

realtime tends to have very short deadline but for each operation at
very short period in the future ... while frequently payroll has
specific deadline at short time in future.

a payroll deadline can be all physical checks distributed to each
deparment ... or for electronic funds transfer, ACH closing deadline
that night.

outsourced EFTPS (something like 95-99% of all tax revenue).
https://www.eftps.gov/eftps/

had next day morning reporting deadline for all funds collected the day
before ... that was equivalent to twice a day's interest on that amount.

I did a secure chip in the 90s that had none of the vulnerabilities
that chip&pin had at the time ... resulting in the "Yes card" exploits,
cartes 2002 trip report (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine),
at the bottom discusses "yes card" counterfeit is almost as easy
as magstripe card.
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

later "yes card" presentation at ATM Integrity Task Force meeting where
somebody made the observation that they spent billions of dollars to
prove chips are less secure than magstipe. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

the chip&pin not only had all these vulnerabilities ... but
transaction time was like 8secs (with direct contact power source)
... still is.

the transit industry had asked me while I was doing the chip that was
significantly more secure than chip&pin ... but could I do a
secure transaction within the transit turnstyle transaction time limit
(100milliseconds) using only contactless (RF) power (w/o reducing
integrity).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
Date: 14 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare
The Hell Out Of You
http://taskandpurpose.com/afghan-war-plan-erik-prince-blackwater-dyncorp/

Erik D. Prince, a founder of the private security firm Blackwater
Worldwide, and Stephen A. Feinberg, a billionaire financier who owns
the giant military contractor DynCorp International, have developed
proposals to rely on contractors instead of American troops in
Afghanistan at the behest of Stephen K. Bannon, Mr. Trump's chief
strategist, and Jared Kushner, his senior adviser and son-in-law,
according to people briefed on the conversations.

... snip ...

part of enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade

OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://theintercept.com/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/

Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas
Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming
close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many
defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has
been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued
company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and
Afghanistan.

... snip ...

another: Blackwater's Troubles Deepening
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/09/blackwaters-troubles-deepening/
and Blackwater's Founder Is Under Investigation for Money Laundering,
Ties to Chinese Intel, and Brokering Mercenary Services
https://theintercept.com/2016/03/24/blackwater-founder-erik-prince-under-federal-investigation/

and intelligence, 70% of budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
outsourcing to for-profit (private-equity subsidiaries) contributed to
rapidly spreading success of failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

and cyberdumb

Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by
Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons
Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by
hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html

past cyberdumb posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?

Blackwater founder held secret Seychelles meeting to establish
Trump-Putin back channel
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/blackwater-founder-held-secret-seychelles-meeting-to-establish-trump-putin-back-channel/2017/04/03/95908a08-1648-11e7-ada0-1489b735b3a3_story.html

But his ties to Trump advisers, experience with clandestine work and
relationship with the royal leaders of the Emirates -- where he moved
in 2010 amid mounting legal problems for his American business --
would have positioned him as an ideal go-between.

... snip ...

Blackwater Founder Said to Have Advised Trump Team
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-04-18/blackwater-founder-erik-prince-said-to-have-advised-trump-team

Prince was a generous financial backer of the Trump campaign, along
with his sister, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos. Prince contributed
at least $100,000 through a political action committee run by
billionaire hedge-fund manager Robert Mercer. That PAC also funneled
contributions from Thiel, the billionaire Silicon Valley entrepreneur
who has acted as an informal liaison to the high-tech world for the
White House.

... snip ...

How much do we know about Blackwater founder Erik Prince -- and his
secretive role in shaping Trump's foreign policy?
http://www.salon.com/2017/04/19/how-much-do-we-know-about-blackwater-founder-erik-prince-and-his-secretive-role-in-shaping-trumps-foreign-policy/

Prince and his family have had a long association with Vice President
Mike Pence, however, through mutual religious and political
affiliations based on a militant theocratic worldview. Prince and his
sister Betsy DeVos, now the secretary of education, were big donors to
Trump's campaign. Considering that Trump's knowledge of world affairs
can barely fill a shot glass, seeing Prince among his inner circle of
advisers is unnerving to say the least.

... snip ...

The DeVos Dynasty: A Family of Extremists
https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/education/news/2017/01/23/296947/the-devos-dynasty-a-family-of-extremists/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bad Ideas

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bad Ideas
Date: 14 July 2017
Blog: Linkedin

"Bad Ideas"
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/bad-ideas-lynn-wheeler

Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert
panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by
financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas

GF: Which innovations have been most harmful?

Galbraith: Fraudulent instruments for asset-backed securities, like
liars' loans, NINJA loans, and CDOs (collateralized debt obligations),
should top anybody's list. They institutionalized the criminal
takeover of the mortgage business, beginning with liars' loans and the
fraudulent representation of the borrowers and carrying on through
fraudulent representation of the risks in the securities. CDOs take
the toxic waste of some mortgage-backed securities and combine it with
the toxic waste of other mortgage-backed securities and call the
results diversified. The whole chain was certain not only to collapse,
but to bring down the affected institutions.

... snip ...

JAN 1999, I was asked to try and help prevent the economic
mess. securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to
obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child were office bldgs in
Dallas area that turned out to be empty lots). I was told that some of
the investment bankers walk away "clean" from S&L crisis, were then
running Internet IPO mills and were predicted next to get into
securitized mortgages. S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis

I was to improve the integrity of mortgage supporting documents as
countermeasure. They then find they can pay rating agencies for
triple-A (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't
worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps
supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation liar
loans, pay for triple-A and sell them off as fast as they can be made
(triple-A means they no longer have to care about borrower's
qualification or loan quality), largely enabling being able to do over
$27T 2001-2008 (including being able to sell to entities restricted to
only dealing in "safe" investments, including large institution
pension funds). (triple-A) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

In spring 2007 interview, Cramer says that illegal activity goes on
all the time, but they don't have to worry about anything from the
SEC.
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

couple months later
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_%26_Clearing_Corporation#Controversy_over_naked_short_selling

In the congressional Madoff hearings they had the person that had
tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get the SEC to do something about
Madoff (SEC hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in). Congress
asked him if new regulations were needed. He replied that while new
regulations might be needed (even tho existing ones weren't being
enforced), but much more important would be transparency and
visibility. Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

SECTREAS convinces congress to appropriate TARP funds for buying
off-book toxic assets, But they only do $700B, while just the four
largest too big to fail are carrying $5.2T in off-book toxic assets
end of 2008 (it would hardly make a dent in that problem). The
SECTREAS uses TARP for other stuff while the Federal Reserve does the
real bailout. The FED fights a long, hard legal battle to prevent
disclosing what they are doing (buying trillions in off-book toxic
assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in
ZIRP funds). The FED chairman then holds a press conference to say
that he expected the TBTF to use ZIRP to help main street, but when
they didn't he had no way to force them. However, the chairman was
supposedly in part selected for having been student of depression era
when FED tried something similar with same results (so there should
have been no expectations of something different).

federal chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
and ZIRP funds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
and too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Note along the way, the TBTF found they could securitize mortgages
desgined to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims, and take
out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand
for problem mortgages).  The largest holder of CDS gambling bets was
AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar, when the
SECTREAS steps in, had them sign a document that they can't sue those
making CDS gambling bets, and take TARP funds to pay off at face
value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG, and the largest
recipient of face-value payoffs is the firm formally headed by
SECTREAS.

JAN 2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s
congressional hearings into the 29 crash, resulted in criminal
convictions with jail terms and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal
HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time
(comment that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I
work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed
after all (reference to capital hill is buried under enormous
mountains of wallstreet cash).

Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
and "economic mess"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess last
decade, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000
criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess
should have 70,000.

Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman

Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as
"monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money
supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary
policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government
policies, especially during the 1980s.

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest

Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than
anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's
theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides
the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor
believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in
department seminars.

The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-champions-of-the-401-k-lament-the-revolution-they-started-1483382348?mod=e2fb
Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts,
Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc1200-1206:

There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US
individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension
reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in
the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the
Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was
substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of
all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.

loc72-74:

"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the
troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside
Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to
adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared
with other disciplines."

... snip ...

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar
to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky
disproved economists' assumption that people make rational decisions
... loc:1155-59:

He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was
stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models
are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the
people you know are idiots."

...snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets Nobel prize in economics, in part for
debunking some cherished economic theories

Rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would
prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did
jail time, however it required SEC do something. Possibly because even
GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of
public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing uptic after
SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

Less well known is that SOX also required SEC do something about the
rating agencies, however they did about as much about the rating
agencies as they did about fraudulent financial filings.

2002, congress lets fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't
exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO
report that 2003-2009, tax revenue cut $6T and spending increased $6T
for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsibility act (also couldn't
account for $1+TRILLION of the DOD increase and first time taxes cut
to not pay for two wars). Sort of confluence of 1) Federal Reserve and
wallstreet wanted huge federal debt, 2) wallstreet and special
interests wanted huge tax cut, 3) military-industrial(-congressional)
complex wanted huge spending increase.

Fiscal Responsibility Act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
US Comptroller General posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

First major act after allowing fiscal responsibility act lapse is
Medicare Part-D. CBS 60mins does expose on the process. Just before
the final vote, a one line sentence is added (preventing competitive
bidding) and CBO is prevented distributing an analysis of the
change. 60mins then show drugs bought by the VA (which is allowed
competitive bidding) that are 1/3rd the price of identical drugs under
part-D. 60mins also finds that within 6months after part-d passes, the
18 republicans responsible for getting part-d passed have resigned and
are on drug industry payroll. US Comptroller General starts including
in speeches that part-d comes to be a long term $40T item that swamps
all other budget items (he is also including in speeches that nobody
in congress is capable of middle school arithmetic for how badly they
are savaging the budget).

medicare part-d posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 15 Jul 2017 10:14:25 -0700

idflist1@GMAIL.COM (scott Ford) writes:

As a vendor i have been receiving questions about DoS attacks on z/OS ..
I understand the idea / concept of perimeter defense , i was a Network
Engineer in a pass life.
But from a application point of view, if the application is using AT/TLS
and there are Pagent protection policies for PORTS/IP addresses and the
application is using encryption, where's the risk ???

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#74 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#75 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again

We had worked with some number of Oracle people supporting cluster
scaleup for our HA/CMP IBM product. We then left IBM and two of the
Oracle people from this Jan1992 Ellison meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

left Oracle and were at small client/server startup responsible for
"commerce server". We were brought in as consultants because they wanted
to do payment transactions on their server; the startup had also
invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use; the
result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".  I had absolute
authority over server to payment network gateway but could only make
recommendations about the browser to server, some of which were almost
immediately violated, which continue to account for some number of
vulnerabilities that continue to this day. Several of the attacks have
to do with faking certificates and not recognizing the problem (enabling
things like MITM-attacks). I use to pontificate about how vulnerable
spoofing certificates were (do trust certificates from other entities)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcerts

Don't know how much control that installations use for AT/TLS
certificates.

One of the early "electronic commerce" vulnerabilities was increasing
number of commerce servers moving from flat files to RDBMS based
implementations. RDBMS maintenance was much more difficult and
time-consuming. For maintenance, servers would be taken offline, some
security relaxed, maintenance performed ... and then because RDBMS
maintenance more often overran window, there was mad rush to get back
online and not all of the security were turned back on.

Then apparently for having done "electronic commerce", we get pulled
into X9 financial standards meetings to help write some number of
financial standards.  I did a financial standard and secure chip. This
was in the same era as chip&pin started ... which had lots of
vulnerabilities and took on the order of 8seconds with direct connect
power. I did chip w/o any of the vulnerabilities. Then the transit
industry asked me if the chip could also do transaction in the transit
turnstyle time limits (100milliseconds) using only contactless (RF)
power (w/o compromise any integrity). There was a large pilot of
chip&pin in the US around the turn of the century during its "Yes
Card" period ... old cartes 2002 trip report (gone 404 but lives on at
the wayback machine) ... at the end of report, it is almost as easy to
counterfeit chip as magstripe.
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

At 2003 ATM Integrity Task Force meeting, Federal LEO gave "Yes Card"
presentation prompting somebody in the audience to exclaim that they
managed to spend billions of dollars to prove that chips were as
vulnerable as magstripe. In the wake of the "Yes Card" problems, all
evidence of the large US pilot appeared to evaporate and it was
speculated that it would be a long time before it was tried in the US
again. "yes card" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

some more discussion in this recent (facebook) IBM Retirees post
https://www.facebook.com/groups/62822320855/permalink/10155349644130856/

trivia: CEO of one of the cyber companies that participated in the booth
at annual, world-wide retail banking BAI show, had previously been head
of POK mainframe and then Boca PC:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#217
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#224

Also did pilot code for both RADIUS and KERBEROS authentication ...
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#radius
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#kerberos

bunch of security patents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 15 Jul 2017 13:36:36 -0700

charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:

DoS of course = denial of service, which is a large basket. I think it
sometimes means any sort of "bring the system down or make it
ineffective" attack, but usually I think it refers to repeatedly
starting a TCP session and not completing it so as to tie up resources
and make real connections impossible.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denial-of-service_attack

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#74 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#75 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#80 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again

June 17th 1995, the internet facing servers for the largest online
service provider started crashing. they brought in lots of experts to
look at the problem ... and finally one of their people flew out to
silicon valley and bought me a hamburger after work. I ate the burger
while he described the problem ... and then I gave him a Q&D fix that
stopped the crashing (that he installed that night). I then tried to get
vendors to address the problem but found no interest. Almost exactly a
year later there was lots of publicity about service provider in
Manhatten started crashing ...  and all of a sudden vendors started
bragging on fast they reacted.

One of the issues was that there appeared to be two different groups
... those writting the code and those writting the specs ... some
particular DOS were because small gaps between what some of the code did
and what some of the specs said ... and didn't have people that did
detailed study/understanding of both.

Until he passed, the internet standards editor would let me help with
the periodic STD1 ... he also sponsored my talk at ISI/USC why internet
wasn't (yet) business critical dataprocessing

some past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#17 Changing the Mantra -- RFC 4732 on rethinking DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#aadsrel1 AADS related information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#67 Mainframe Spreadsheets - 1980's History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#51 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#11 Caller ID "spoofing"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#21 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#35 Builders V. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#11 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#60 Core characteristics of resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#104 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#79 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#15 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How can we stop algorithms telling lies?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
Date: 16 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jul/16/how-can-we-stop-algorithms-telling-lies

Algorithms can dictate whether you get a mortgage or how much you pay
for insurance. But sometimes they're wrong - and sometimes they are
designed to deceive

... snip ...

One of the excuses for the economic mess was that the computer models
were wrong. However, stories started appearing that risk managers were
being told to fiddle the inputs until the business people got the
results they desired (garbage-in, garbage-out)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

How Wall Street Lied to Its Computers
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/how-wall-streets-quants-lied-to-their-computers/
Subprime = Triple-A ratings? or 'How to Lie with Statistics' (gone 404
but lives on at the wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20071111031315/http://www.bloggingstocks.com/2007/07/25/subprime-triple-a-ratings-or-how-to-lie-with-statistics/

In the above, mentions realization that the toxic CDOs wouldn't have
a market w/o the triple-A rating. In the Oct2008 congressional
hearings into the role that the rating agencies played, they had
testimony that the rating agencies were selling "triple-A" ratings for
things they knew weren't worth "triple-A" (largely enabling over $27T
done 2001-2008)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

The triple-A rating met they no longer needed to care about borrowers
qualifications and/or loan quality, since they could sell off
everything as fast as they could be packaged ... included to investors
restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments, like large pension
funds.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How can we stop algorithms telling lies?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
Date: 16 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#82 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?

How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis
https://www.forbes.com/sites/johntharvey/2012/02/06/economics-crisis/

Alan Greenspan (5,061 votes): As Chairman of the Federal Reserve
System from 1987 to 2006, Alan Greenspan both led the over expansion
of money and credit that created the bubble that burst and
aggressively promoted the view that financial markets are naturally
efficient and in no need of regulation.

Milton Friedman (3,349 votes): Friedman propagated the delusion,
through his misunderstanding of the scientific method, that an economy
can be accurately modeled using counterfactual propositions about its
nature. This, together with his simplistic model of money, encouraged
the development of fantasy-based theories of economics and finance
that facilitated the Global Financial Collapse.

Larry Summers (3,023 votes): As US Secretary of the Treasury (formerly
an economist at Harvard and the World Bank), Summers worked
successfully for the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act, which since the
Great Crash of 1929 had kept deposit banking separate from casino
banking. He also helped Greenspan and Wall Street torpedo efforts to
regulate derivatives.

... snip ...

posts mentioning Greenspan &/or other Fed Chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

Note: Glass-Steagall enabled too big to fail ... also leading to
"too big to prosecute" and "too big to jail", resulted in not holding
accountable those responsible. It was the "capture" of regulatory
agencies and their failure to enforce regulation.

pecora &/or glass-steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
"too big to fail" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.captures

President of AMEX was in competition to be next CEO and wins. The
looser leaves, taking their protegee to Baltimore where they acquire
what as described as loan sharking business. They make some number of
other acquisitions, eventually acquiring CITI in violation of
Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby
congress to get repeal of Glass-Steagall (enabling too big to
fail). They enlist several in DC, including the SECTREAS. After they
get the ball rolling, the SECTREAS resigns to become what was
described at the time as co-CEO of CITI. The protegee then leaves and
becomes head of another too big to fail (JPMorgan Chase).

After SECTREAS resigns (to join CITI), he is replaced by their
protegee, Larry Summers. Then "Is Harvard responsible for the Rise of
Putin?" (i.e. Russia needed strongman to oppose the westerners that
seemed intent on looting the country). John Helmer: Convicted
Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces
in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true
proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read
an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional
Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every
Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no
confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier
university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be
capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to
scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting
framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself
acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in
Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers,
who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its
cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the
U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Milton Friedman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#34 If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#102 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#104 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#77 Trump delay of the 'fiduciary rule' will cost retirement savers $3.7 billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#44 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#96 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#8 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#16 Conservatives and Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#44 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#53 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#63 Real World OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mannix "computer in a briefcase"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 16 Jul 2017 14:31:06 -0700

Andreas Kohlbach <ank@spamfence.net> writes:

Yes. That's why I find it amazing the IBM employee already bitched
about Microsoft and MS-DOS in early 1987. Could be possible something
was going on already in 1987 which did not make it to the public.

march 1996 mdc at moscone
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Professional_Developers_Conference

... all the banners said "internet" ... but the constant refrain in the
sessions was "preserve your investment".
https://news.microsoft.com/1996/02/19/microsoft-to-host-largest-internet-developers-conference/
https://everystevejobsvideo.com/steve-jobs-presents-webobjects-at-mspdc-1996-2/

some internal m'soft people commented that up until then people had
always been buying the latest release of software to get new
feature/function they wanted. however 1996 start to represent a turning
point, that the majority of all people had all the features that they
needed. it now changed to marketing campaign to get people to want new
things ... but not necessarily because they needed them (like getting
new car every year).

note late 80s, senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at the annual
world-wide communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance
but started the talk with statement that the communication group was
going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The
communication group had corporate strategic ownership of everything that
crossed the datacenter walls and was fiercely fighting off client/server
and distributed computing trying to preserve its dumb terminal paradigm
and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the
datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with a drop
in disk sales. This datacenter stranglehold turns out to affect all
mainframe business and a few years later the company has gone into the
red. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Before IBM/PC had been announced, we had a group in silicon valley that
thought it was doing software for the IBM/PC ... every month or so, we
would re-affirm that Boca wasn't interested in doing software for the
IBM/PC and we could. Then Boca changes its mind and says if you want to
do software for the IBM/PC, you had to move to Boca ... and the whole
thing collapses ... and Boca announces MS/DOS. There were some comments
about corporate politics and Boca felt it was in better internal
political position if it outsourced software to external groups than
doing it themselves.

trivia, before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer there was cp/m,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before doing cp/m, kildall worked with cp/67 (precursor to vm370)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
at npg school
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

... cp/67 from cambridge science center, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

past posts mentioning Moscone MDC:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#49 Virus propagation risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#45 Computer programming was all about:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#22 Why did TCP become popular ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#62 The Incredible Shrinking Legacy Workforces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#32 who invented the "popup" ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#34 Next generation processor architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#31 [OT] Faces of terrorism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#32 Frontiernet insists on being my firewall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#51 Specifying all biz rules in relational data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#14 Expanded Storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#50 DOS C prompt in "Vista"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#18 Oddly good news week: Google announces a Caps library for Javascript
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#87 CompUSA to Close after Jan. 1st 2008
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#26 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#43 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#63 who pioneered the WEB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#66 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#37 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#36 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#9 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#49 Abhor, Retch, Ignite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#50 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#58 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#15 Identifying Latest zOS Fixes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#57 Are Tablets a Passing Fad?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#14 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#15 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#18 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#59 The lost art of real programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#141 With cloud computing back to old problems as DDos attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#2 What are the implication of the ongoing cyber attacks on critical infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#18 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#32 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#37 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#93 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#97 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#14 The growing openness of an organization's infrastructure has greatly impacted security landscape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#45 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#68 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#30 Zeus malware found with valid digital certificate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#10 It's all K&R's fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#11 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#23 weird trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#87 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#45 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#35 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#90 These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#35 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#39 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#106 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#69 Open DoD's Doors To Cyber Talent, Carter Asks Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#79 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#19 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#35 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#38 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#8 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#90 Ransomware on Mainframe application ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#100 Jean Sammet, Co-Designer of a Pioneering Computer Language, Dies at 89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#14 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#16 The Microsoft security hole at the heart of Russian election hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#46 Windows 10 Pro automatic update

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How can we stop algorithms telling lies?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
Date: 16 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#82 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?

Regulatory Capture
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regulatory_capture
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.captures

#1 on time's list of those responsible for economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html
with his friends (including one of people responsible for Dodd-Frank)
https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB124588865553750813

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

#2 on time's list of those responsible for economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

#2 responsible for GLBA and repeal of Glass-Steagall ...  Pecora
Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

but got ranking behind law to prevent regulation of CDS (gambling
bets, originally billed as favor for ENRON). The head of CFTC was
quickly replaced by #2's wife when they proposed regulating CDS.

Gramm and the 'Enron Loophole'
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html

Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and
Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined
after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading
Commission.

... snip ...

Phil Gramm's Enron Favor .. gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/

A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy
Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its
board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which
oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this,
the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and
dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in
attendance fees

... snip ...

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

Triple-A ratings original eliminated any reason to care about
borrowers' qualification. Then they started packaging securitized
mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their customers,
and take out CDS gambling bets they would fail (creating huge demand
for dodgy mortgages).  AIG was the largest holder of the CDS gambling
bets and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar, when
SECTREAS steps in, has them sign document that they can't sue those
making the bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face-value. The
largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG, and the largest recipient of
face-value payoffs was firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

toxic CDO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
Date: 17 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
http://247wallst.com/investing/2017/07/16/ibm-train-wreck-continues-ahead-of-earnings/

From the law of unintended consequences, IBM/PCs evolve into
client/server and distributed computing. Late 80s, communication group
is fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing
trying to preserve their dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install
base. Senior disk engineer gets talk scheduled at internal, annual,
world-wide communication group conference supposedly on 3174
performance, but opens the talk with the statement that the
communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the
disk division. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the
datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop
in disk sales. The disk division had some up with several solution to
the problem ... but the communication group with corporate strategic
responsibility for everything that crosses the datacenter walls
... and constantly vetoes them. Note that it isn't disk division
... but all mainframe products, a couple years later the company goes
into the red. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Also, the government has come out with direction to eliminate tcp/ip
and the internet and move to OSI (GOSIP) ... and the head of the
communication group puts out statement about supporting OSI and not
TCP/IP and the internet. Despite communication group objections, I'm
on the technical advisory board for XTP. We take XTP to ISO/ANSI
X3S3.3 standards group (responsible for level 3&4 in OSI) as HSP
(high-speed protocol). It gets rejected because ISO has guidelines
that no making standards that don't conform to OSI. XTP/HSP violates
OSI: 1) supports internetworking ... a non-existent layer between OSI
level 3&4.  2) goes directly from level 4 to MAC/LAN interface
... bypassing interface between level 3 & level.  3) goes directly to
MAC/LAN interface ... non-existant interface somewhere in the middle
of level 3.

we make jokes that IETF requires at least two interoperable
implementation before progressing to standard. ISO doesn't even
require that a standard can be implementable. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

2014 analysis, mainframe hardware had dropped below 4% of revenue and
declining ... but the whole mainframe group was 25% of revenue and 40%
of profit (software&services) ... milking static/captured base.

old post from 3yrs ago, IBM Is The 'Poster Child' For What's Wrong With Corporate Behavior Today
http://www.businessinsider.com/stan-druckenmiller-on-ibm-2014-7

for more than decade, large cloud operations have been saying that
they assemble their own servers for 1/3rd the price of brand name
vendors (they view dataprocessing as costs) and have aggressively
pressured their suppliers for minimal margins. There are claims now
that major server chip vendors now ship over half their volumes
directly to large cloud operations .... and are even doing special
versions of their chips for that market. This possibly was major
motivation for IBM unloading its server product business.

The dataprocessing costs have so dramatically been reduced that 1)
large mega datacenters have huge over-capacity of idle systems that
can be immediately been brought online for on-demand computing
.... also the major costs are increasingly environmental & power (as
their system/hardware costs have dramatically dropped) ... and 2)
cloud operations have increasingly pressured chip makers to optimize
operational costs (electricity & cooling).  During part of this
period, there was lots of work on using laptop chips (optimized for
battery low power usage) ... but the traditional server chip makers
are coming back with significantly improved power use.

a large cloud megadatacenter will have hundreds of thousands of
systems with millions of processor that operate with staff of 80-120
people.

I got con'ed into working with a baby bell in the early 80s and
bringing their work (that did much of that) out as a type-1
product. The communication group was well known for corporate dirty
politics ... so we did a whole lot of stuff to insulate from what they
could do. We even got the largest 37x5 customer to agree to completely
fund the effort (they claimed that they would completely recover the
cost within 9months if they had it as type1 product). What the
communication group did next can only be described as truth is
stranger than fiction.

large cloud operators .... commoditizing everything dataprocessing
http://www.opencompute.org/
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Compute_Project
and
https://www.facebook.com/notes/facebook-engineering/building-efficient-data-centers-with-the-open-compute-project/10150144039563920/

past posts mentioning 25% of revenue and 40% of profit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#67 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#13 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#4 Oracle To IBM: Your 'Customers Are Being Wildly Overcharged'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#71 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#30 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#52 MVS Posix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#23 IBM "Breakup"

recent posts mentioning megadatacenter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#27 IBM sells x86 server business to Levono
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#108 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#4 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#8 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#53 IBM hopes new chip can turn the tables on Intel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#4 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#20 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#65 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#5 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#24 IBM Opens New SoftLayer Data Center In Hong Kong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#33 Can Ginni really lead the company to the next great product line?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#46 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#57 [CM] Mainframe tech is here to stay: just add innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#5 "F[R]eebie" software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#20 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#87 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#2 Flat (VSAM or other) files still in use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#0 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#113 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide and or for Europe alone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#144 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#166 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#57 Economics of Mainframe Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#50 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#69 Cambridge's HPC-as-a-service for boffins, big and small
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#18 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#93 HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#57 Introducing the New z13s: Tim's Hardware Highlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#93 Google joins Facebook's game-changing project that's eating the $140 billion hardware market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#50 China takes the lead in supercomputing while America sleeps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#90 Google and Facebook put their fierce rivalry aside to save money in this key area
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#62 remote system support (i.e. the data center is 2 states away from you)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#77 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#89 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#45 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#61 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#47 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#48 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#55 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#57 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#60 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#6 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#6 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#40 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#48 360 announce day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#57 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#94 Migration off Mainframe to other platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#9 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM z14 High-lights

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM z14 High-lights
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Jul 2017 11:47:14 -0700

parwez_hamid@HOTMAIL.COM (Parwez Hamid) writes:

z14 Key H/W high-lights:

Up to 170 Customer PUs @ 5.2 GHz each on a 14 nm 10 core chip
Up to 32 TB Memory
Uni = 1832 'mips', 170-way = 146462 'mips'

history

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 141 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
...
z14, 170 processor, 146.5 BIPS, (862MIPS/proc - half uni), Aug2017

z196 documentation claims that half the per processor performance
improvement (compared to z10), is the introduction of out-of-order
execution (compared to being used for decades in other processors) ...
i.e. half of 156MIPS increase from 469MIPS to 625MIPS. out-of-order
helps to mask huge latency in memory access ... potentially allowing
execution of other instructions while waiting on cache miss.

added to out-of-order execution are branch prediction and speculative
execution ... 360/195 had just out-of-order execution ... but
conditional branches drained the pipeline ... most codes ran at only
half the 195 rated mip-rate (5mips rather than 10mips).

Current latency to memory, when measured in number of processor cycles
... is comparable to 60s disk access latency, when measured in number of
60s processor cycles.

almost 18yrs, the number of processors increase by factor of ten times,
while per processor performance increase by 5.5 times ... overall
increase 58.6 times.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
Date: 17 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/ibm-mainframe-ushers-in-new-era-of-data-protection-300488819.html

We brought in to help word smith some cal. state legislation. They
were working on electronic signature, data breach notification and
opt-in personnal information sharing.

Some of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues and
had done in-depth public surveys. The number one issue was fraudulent
financial transactions frequently as a result of
breaches. Organizations normally take security measures in
self-protection. In these breach cases, the organizations weren't at
risk, it was the public and little or nothing was being done. It was
hoped that the publicity from the notification might result in
corrective action. past data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

Sometime later PCI appeared, which seemed to correspond with some
proposed federal breach notification bills that justified eliminating
notification because there was an industry security specification. The
joke was that the effect of early PCI was that if an organization had
a breach, their certification would be revoked.

We were also writting financial standards (as opposed to industry
specifications); somewhat as a result from having done "electronic
commerce" we had been asked to participate in X9A10 financial standard
working group which had been given the requirement to preserve the
integrity of the financial infrastructure for all retail payments. We
did end-to-end vulnerability studies of several payment methods. Major
issue was dual-use, financial transactions effectively had information
that was 1) used for authentication and as such needed to be kept
completely confidential and never divulged and 2) needed to be ready
available because it was used in dozen of business processes at
millions locations around the planet. We frequently commented that
even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding
encryption, it still wouldn't stop the information leakage. some
other refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

As a result, we wrote a financial standard that slightly tweaked the
current infrastructure and eliminated the dual-use characteristics and
the ability for attackers to use information from previous
transactions for performing fraudulent transactions (and also
eliminated the need to encrypt the transaction, both in transmission
and at rest). Now the major use of "SSL" (TLS) has been to hide
electronic commerce information during transmission ... this standard
also eliminated the need to use "SSL" for that purpose. some reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#privacy

Head TD for the information assurance directorate had panel discussion
in the trusted computing tract at Intel Developer's forum asked me to
do talk on security chip that I designed as part of supporting
standard, gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp+s13
other past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#trusted.computing
reference to chip and associated patents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

... oh, and ....

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 141 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
...
z14, 170 processor, 146.5 BIPS, (862MIPS/proc - half uni), Aug2017

z196 documentation claims that half the per processor performance
improvement (compared to z10), is the introduction of out-of-order
execution (compared to being used for decades in other processors)
... i.e. half of 156MIPS increase from 469MIPS to 625MIPS.
out-of-order helps to mask huge latency in memory access ...
potentially allowing execution of other instructions while waiting on
cache miss.

added to out-of-order execution are branch prediction and speculative
execution ... 360/195 had just out-of-order execution ... but
conditional branches drained the pipeline ... most codes ran at only
half the 195 rated mip-rate (5mips rather than 10mips).

Current latency to memory, when measured in number of processor cycles
... is comparable to 60s disk access latency, when measured in number
of 60s processor cycles.

almost 18yrs, the number of processors increase by factor of ten
times, while per processor performance increase by 5.5 times
... overall increase 58.6 times.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

z/VM subcapacity pricing

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: z/VM subcapacity pricing
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Jul 2017 14:19:09 -0700

gibney@WSU.EDU (Gibney, Dave) writes:

As an aside, I spent several years with a uni-processor (z800). There
are significant benefits to having at least 2 processors. The benefits
of fewer/faster processors go hockey stick when fewer becomes 1.

I remember in the 90s when they complained NT would regularly do that
... and "fix" was at least 2 processors. I felt really smug that my vm
mainframe resource manager/scheduler would never do that ... dating back
to when I first wrote it as undergraduate in the 60s for cp67. ... some
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stopping the Internet of noise

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Stopping the Internet of noise
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 17 Jul 2017 16:50:15 -0700

Richard Thiebaud <thiebauddick2@aol.com> writes:

Back in my olden days, CICS and DB2 did not yet exist.

CICS and IMS from 60s.

IMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Information_Management_System
history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Information_Management_System#History

IBM designed the IMS with Rockwell and Caterpillar starting in 1966 for
the Apollo program, where it was used to inventory the very large bill
of materials (BOM) for the Saturn V moon rocket and Apollo space
vehicle.

... snip ...

IMS development was moved to STL which opened in 1977 south of
the san jose plant site.

1980, STL was bursting at the seams and 300 people were being moved
to offsite bldg (just south of san jose plant site) with dataprocessing
back to STL machine room. They tried "remote 3270" but found the
human factors totally unacceptable. I got conned into development
channel-extender support ... so they could have channel
attached controllers at the remote bldg. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

CICS was developed at customer.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CICS
early history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CICS#History

univ. library got ONR grant to do online catalog and used part of the
money to get 2321 datacell. The effort was also selected to be betatest
for the original CICS program product (1969, I got tagged to help
debug/support CICS).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CICS#Early_evolution
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

part of tight efficient implementation was purely single-threaded and
didn't scale well as machines got larger (including lack of
multiprocessor operation). circa 2000, there were large mainframes that
ran over 120 concurrent CICS instances in order to use the machine resources.
some more cics reference ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine

The Evolution of CICS: CICS and Multiprocessor Exploitation (2004)
http://web.archive.org/web/20041023110006/http://www.yelavich.com/history/ev200402.htm
and
http://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm

SJR was doing original sql/relational "system/r" implementation on vm370
370/145, ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

although Multics shipped the first relational product in 1976
http://multicians.org/mgm.html#MRDS
history
http://multicians.org/history.html

I was doing some of the work on system/r ... then when Gray leaves for
Tandem, he offloads some number of things on me, some of the system/r
work and also DBMS consulting with the IMS group (unrelated to the
channel extender work I had done for them). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016
recent reference to Jim, System/R, Jim's disappearance, and celebration
of his life:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#37 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)

Early 80s, STL was working on the latest, greatest DBMS follow-on ...
code named EAGLE. While EAGLE was going on, it was possible to do
tech. transfer "under the radar" to Endicott for SQL/DS. Later, after
EAGLE implodes, there is request how fast can it be ported to MVS
... which is eventually released as DB2.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_DB2
and some history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_DB2#History

trivia: in the HA/CMP cluster scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference
room, one of the oracle people in the meeting would claimed he was
responsible for the SQL/DS tech transfer from Endicott to STL as part of
DB2 work.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
some old cluster scaleup email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

other triva: one of reason why we were working with non-IBM RDBMS as
part of HA/CMP ... was IBM had just started work on a "C language",
non-mainframe RDBMS implementation ... originally for OS/2 ... which
didn't match feature, function, performance of other non-mainframe
implementations.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
Date: 17 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#88 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection

early 80s, had HSDT project with T1 (and faster speed) links. IBM
required that all links leaving physical premise required encryption
(mid-80s, link encryptor company claimed that the ibm internal network
had more than half of all link encryptors in the world). I didn't like
what I had to pay for T1 link encryptors and faster link encryptors
were really hard to find.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

At that time, straight software DES was really expensive. I did some
number of tests and a dedicated 3081K processor could keep up with
1.5mbits/sec and both processors would be dedicated to handle DES
encrypt/decrypt full-duplex T1, old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#email841115
other old crypto email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#crypto

I then get involved in doing crypto hardware costing less than $100 to
build and being able to handle several mbytes/sec (not mbits). The
corporate crypto group first claimed that it significantly weakened
DES encryption. It took me three months to figure out how to explain
what was going on. However it was hollow victory, I was told I could
make as many as I wanted but there was only one organization in the
world that could use them. It was when I first realized that there
were 3kinds of crypto 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind
you can't do, 3) the kind you can only do for them.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In Silicon Valley, dropping in at the GooglePlex, tech museums and the Jobs garage

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: In Silicon Valley, dropping in at the GooglePlex, tech museums and the Jobs garage
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Jul 2017 09:49:14 -0700

gabe@GABEGOLD.COM (Gabe Goldberg) writes:

So when Southwest Airlines started offering daily nonstops from
Baltimore-Washington International Marshall Airport to San Jose, I
booked a trip with my husband, Eric. After an affordable
transcontinental flight, we landed at Mineta San Jose International
Airport, in the heart of Silicon Valley.

really conflicted about (almost) doing the reverse (on Alaska). One of
the Boyd "people" is back from Afghanastan for a couple weeks and will
be holding Boyd "beer" night in the basement of Ft. Myers O-club this
week (Boyd would regularly hold court there)... I use to sponsor Boyd
briefings at IBM. Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

I also used to sponsor (IBM) "Friday after work" in San Jose, frequently
(half priced pictures of anchor steam) at Eric's on Cottle across from
the main plant site. Eric's is still there ... but much of the plant
site has been plowed under and the rest is no longer IBM. I'm no longer
in San Jose ... but I try and stop by Eric's every year when I go back
for "Hacker's" (silicon valley invitation only tech conference, for a
time I was the only IBMer, early conferences, people could bring
unannounced products for others to play with; culture has significantly
changed since early days, been a long time since Apple developers show
up with unannounced products for competitors to play with).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hackers_Conference

Old post mentioning Boyd (posted to IBM-MAIN)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#25
includes several old emails mentioning Boyd ... including a "Friday's"
email notice mentioning that I have hardcopies handouts of Boyd's
presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#email830512

1998 sat. photo of old plant site, 85 running horizontal across lower
half of the picture and cottle rd running vertical across left side of
picture, railroad running diagnally across upper right, "IBM" plant
site still mostly intact in the middle. Bldg. 28 (triangle shape, old
san jose research) in the upper right intersection of cottle & 85,
with the homestead (and lake) next to it.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/ibm5600-1998.jpg
San Jose Plan Site

current area, lots of plant site gone, now condos, apartments, stores
https://www.google.com/maps/place/5705+Cottle+Rd,+San+Jose,+CA+95123/@37.2475123,-121.7992293,17z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x808e2e2206d7d93f:0xf9653a5d907afd29!8m2!3d37.2491008!4d-121.8046366

last year, both bldg 14&15 (where I played disk engineer) still
existed, current sat. view, bldg 15 is plowed under ...  bldg. 14
still exists and cars in the parking lot. posts getting to play disk
engineer in bldg 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The U.S. Military Believes People Have a Sixth Sense

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The U.S. Military Believes People Have a Sixth Sense
Date: 18 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

The U.S. Military Believes People Have a Sixth Sense
http://time.com/4721715/phenomena-annie-jacobsen/

Somewhat different view is that people learn/know stuff for which
there aren't words (Chet has written how TPS related to Boyd &
OODA-loop)

Japanese "mission command": How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem
Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't
want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have
adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

... and

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies
that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a
tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the
work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to
the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous
emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.

...

In briefings Boyd would also stress pushing decisions to the people
closest/directly involved in the problems

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

AI Is Inventing Languages Humans Can't Understand. Should We Stop It?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: AI Is Inventing Languages Humans Can't Understand. Should We Stop It?
Date: 18 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

AI Is Inventing Languages Humans Can't Understand. Should We Stop It?;
Researchers at Facebook realized their bots were chattering in a new
language. Then they stopped it.
https://www.fastcodesign.com/90132632/ai-is-inventing-its-own-perfect-languages-should-we-let-it

somewhat related to language ... part of recent Boyd related thread:
http://time.com/4721715/phenomena-annie-jacobsen/

some related to language ... part of recent Boyd related thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#93 The U.S. Military Believes People Have a Sixth Sense

trivia: Late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer
conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal
network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning
until something mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate
executive committee was informed of online computer conferencing (and
the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. From IBMJARGON:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh
of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry
middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely
distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed
dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and
also constructively criticised the way products were are
developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious
interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try
reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

Somewhat as a result, a researcher was paid to sit in the back of my
office for nine months taking notes on how I communicated,
face-to-face, telephone, went with me to meetings; they also got logs
of instant messages and copies of all incoming and outgoing email
(some analysis that I had email exchanges with an avg. of 270
people/week). The results were papers, books, and Stanford PHD (joint
with language and computer AI, Winograd was advisor on AI side). The
researcher had been a ESL (english as second language) teacher in
prior life and commented that my use of english was characteristic of
non-native speaker, although I have no other natural language
(implication that I was thinking outside natural language and
translating to English).

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hard Drives Started Out as Massive Machines That Were Rented by the Month

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Hard Drives Started Out as Massive Machines That Were Rented by the Month
Date: 18 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

Hard Drives Started Out as Massive Machines That Were Rented by the Month
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/mba58x/hard-drives-started-out-as-massive-machines-that-were-rented-by-the-month?utm_source=mbfb

flying heads closer to surface allowed more data/area (higher data
recording and reduced spacing between tracks). I had rewrote
input/output supervisor so they could operating the mainframes (used
for testing) with operating system ... doing multiple things
concurrently (anytime, on-demand testing ... instead of prescheduled
stand-alone 7x24, around the clock) as well as using the mainframes
for other things. Guy doing air-bearing simulation for the latest
generation of low-flying heads ... was only getting a week or two
turn-around on the research 370/195 in bldg. 28. bldg. 15 got an early
engineering 3033 and there was only 1 or 2 percent CPU used for disk
testing. We set air-bearing simulation up on the 3033 (3033 had got
less than half the MIP rate of 195, but he could still get multiple
turn-arounds per day, rather than a turn around every couple weeks).

Original 3380 had twenty-track spacings between every data
track. Double density 3380, doubled the number of tracks per surface
by cutting the space in half (to ten-track spacings). Triple density
3380 cut the spacing in half again.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#email871122

This is old email ... the father of 801/risc was con'ing me into
helping him with wide-head design ... format was (adjacent) sixteen
data tracks between two servo-tracks. The wide-head would
simultaneously follow the two servo tracks while read/write the
sixteen data tracks. Problem was that at (3380) 3mbytes/sec ... that
resulted in 48mbytes/sec data rate. IBM mainframe channel data-rate
was just 3mbytes/sec. Even ESCON announced in 1990 was only
17mbytes/sec ... IBM had no product that such a disk could be attached
to.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#email871230

350
http://chmhdd.wikifoundry.com/page/IBM+350+Disk+Storage+%28RAMAC+disk+drive%29
original being done by computer history museuam
http://chmhdd.wikifoundry.com/

late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at internal
annual world-wide communication group conference supposedly on 3174
performance ... but opens the talk with the statement that the
communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the
disk division. The issue was that the communication group had
stanglehold on datacenters with strategic responsibility for
everything that crossed the datacenter walls and were fiercely
fighting off client/server and distributed computing, trying to
preserve their (emulated) dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The
disk division was seeing data fleeing the data center to more
distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The
disk division had come up with several solutions to address the
problem but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication
group. A few short years later the company has gone into the red.

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

lots of history had existed at the IBM San Jose website ... but that
has all gone 404 .. although some can still be found at the wayback
machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20010809021812/www.storage.ibm.com/hdd/firsts/index.htm

past posts mentioning wide-head:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#30 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#66 Was there ever a 10in floppy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#52 Basic question about CPU instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#39 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#103 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#3 The Big, Bad Bit Stuffers of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#9 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#2 IBM DASD RAS discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#54 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#60 Optimizing the Hard Disk Directly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#71 Software as a Replacement of Hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#88 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory

past posts mentioning air-bearing simulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#39 195 was: Computer Typesetting Was: Movies with source code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#30 Weird
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#63 Help me find pics of a UNIVAC please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#74 They Got Mail: Not-So-Fond Farewells
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#51 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#52 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#69 Multics Concepts For the Contemporary Computing World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#20 360 Microde Floating Point Fix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#45 hung/zombie users ... long boring, wandering story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#21 40th anniversary of IBM System/360 on 7 Apr 2004
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#15 harddisk in space
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#15 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#25 CKD Disks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#8 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#4 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#5 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#44 Intel engineer discusses their dual-core design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#29 IBM microwave application--early data communications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#6 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#0 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#13 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#14 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#6 Google Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#18 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#42 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#41 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#18 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#27 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#31 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#43 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#44 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#46 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#83 Disc Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#13 Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#64 Disc Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#52 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#77 Disk drive improvements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#60 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#9 Assembler Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#49 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#51 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#16 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOS or Windows, doesn't matter)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#36 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#57 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#60 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#26 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#63 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#87 Gee... I wonder if I qualify for "old geek"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#36 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#26 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#134 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#59 ISO documentation of IBM 3375, 3380 and 3390 track format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#70 bubble memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#23 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#78 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#61 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#3 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#39 what is 3380 E?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#71 Software as a Replacement of Hardware

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Another Disappointment

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Another Disappointment
Date: 19 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

IBM Another Disappointment
https://seekingalpha.com/article/4088527-ibm-another-disappointment

Watson AI panned, 5.25 years of sales decline ... Does IBM now stand
for Inferior Biz Model?
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/07/19/ibm_q2fy2017_results/

one of the things from tandem memos explaining starting to buy other
companies .... internal R&D spending is carried as expense ... while
buying other companies is carried as an asset (even if the ROI is
lower) ... starting to blame MBAs and the myopic focus on short term
numbers.

from ibmjargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh
of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry
middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely
distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed
dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and
also constructively criticised the way products were are
developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious
interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try
reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

Late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing
(precursor to social media) on the internal network (larger than
arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime
mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was
told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network),
5of6 wanetd to fire me. Trivia: HSDT project was funded out of the
office of the sixth ...  archive posts referencing HSDT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

"puts on IBM", but doesn't represents any net added value ... it is
just skimming money from somebody else.

there has been articles about rise of HFT ... including front running
... inserting transaction millisecond ahead that skims money. there
was some prediction that it eventually drives investors from the
market leaving just the HFT computers slugging it out.

this is from 2007, before HFT really kicks in ... all the illegal
activity has nothing to fear from the SEC:
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

before NSCC merge with DTC to form DTCC
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_%26_Clearing_Corporation

I had worked on X9 financial standards with somebody from NSCC and
they invited me in to do some work on improving the integrity of
trading floor transactions. I work on it for awhile and then get a
call saying it is being suspended. An unanticipated side-effect of the
integrity work would greatly improve transparency and visibility
... something that is an anathema to wallstreet culture.

trivia: in the congressional Madoff hearings they had testimony from
the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do
something about Madoff (SEC hands were forced when Madoff turned
himself in, apparently looking for gov. protection from some of the
people he had defrauded). Congress asked the person if new regulations
were needed. He said that while new regulations might be needed, but
much more important would be transparency and visibility (possibly
because SEC wasn't enforcing existing regulation).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Another Disappointment

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Another Disappointment
Date: 19 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#96 IBM Another Disappointment

Stockman's "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on
steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company
spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure
that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year
period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

... aka top executives bonus plan tied to stock market.

stock-buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

IBM: Financial Engineering 101 Says This Is Bad
http://seekingalpha.com/article/2608915-ibm-financial-engineering-101-says-this-is-bad
Why the "Maximizing Shareholder Value" Theory of Corporate Governance
is Bogus
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

past refs to "maximizing shareholder value" is bogus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#9 The Dumbest Idea In The World: Maximizing Shareholder Value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#84 3Q earnings are becoming the norm at IBM. What is IBM management overlooking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#34 IBM sells x86 server business to Lenovo (was Levono)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#101 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55 Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#65 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#36 IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#54 Why the Pursuit of Shareholder Value Kills Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#5 IBM's core business

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

modern programming languages?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: modern programming languages?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 19 Jul 2017 13:57:20 -0700

hancock4 writes:

A while ago a school held a 'hackathon' for young programmers.
They talked about coding, but didn't mention the language (see
link below).  What languages would they have used?

Universities finally realize that Java is a bad introductory programming
language
https://thenextweb.com/dd/2017/04/24/universities-finally-realize-java-bad-introductory-programming-language/

a little drift, in the mid-90s, Becky held a mini-conference at our
house of cal.  univ. security people on computer security graduate
programs. the observation was major problem was that the people in the
programs were spending majority of their time trying to hack into
systems ... for which they got points from their peers. It was nearly
impossible to get them interested in designing and building secure
systems.

Becky Bace's passing hits cybersecurity community hard
https://www.scmagazine.com/becky-baces-passing-hits-cybersecurity-community-hard/article/644432/
Remembering cybersecurity pioneer Becky Bace
https://www.the-parallax.com/2017/03/20/remembering-cybersecurity-pioneer-becky-bace/
Goodbye Mama Bear, the cybersecurity community will miss you
http://www.csoonline.com/article/3183459/security/goodbye-becky-bace-the-cybersecurity-community-will-miss-you.html
Rebecca Bace
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rebecca_Bace

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
Date: 20 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/the-real-reason-you-should-see-dunkirk-hitler-lost-world-war-21601

Panzer Leader (Heinz Guderian), loc1783-85:

On this day (the 24th) the Supreme Command intervened in the
operations in progress, with results which were to have a most
disastrous influence on the whole future course of the war. Hitler
ordered the left wing to stop on the Aa. It was forbidden to cross
that stream. We were not informed of the reasons for this. The order
contained the words: 'Dunkirk is to be left to the Luftwaffe'.

loc1809-11:

On this day we attempted once again to attack towards Dunkirk and to
close the ring about that sea fortress. But renewed orders to halt
arrived. We were stopped within sight of Dunkirk! We watched the
Luftwaffe attack. We also saw the armada of great and little ships by
means of which the British were evacuating their forces.

loc1831-33:

The operation would have been completed very much more quickly if
Supreme Headquarters had not kept ordering XIX Army Corps to stop and
thus hindered its rapid and successful advance. What the future course
of the war would have been if we had succeeded at that time in taking
the British Ex¬peditionary Force prisoner at Dunkirk, it is now
impossible to guess.

...snip ...

there have been refs that Goering talked Hitler into letting Luftwaffe
handle Dunkirk

somewhat similar to US Army Air Corp claims that strategic bombing
would win WW2 w/o US having to invade France. Then "European Campaign:
Its Origins and Conduct":
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075

loc2582-85:

The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German
defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At
Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth
Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation
for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden
bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level
altitude sights.

... snip ...

A German equivalent was battle of the bulge. I've seen references that
Patton told Eisenhower to let the Germans to advance to the outskirts
of Paris ... they will then have out run their supplies and be able to
roll them all up with little or no opposition. Eisenhower tells him
that wouldn't be politically correct/acceptable. Then Patton and
Montgomery are suppose to simultaneously attack each side of the base
of the bulge. Montgomery failed to get into position, and most of the
Germans managed to escape (but they left behind a lot of material).

John Foster Dulles played a major role in rebuilding German industry
and military from the 20s until the early 40s. Later Dulles would say
that he was building up Germany as counter to Soviet Russia
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

Lots of US industry support for Germany, June1940, Germany had a
victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major
industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business
with the Nazis (and circumvent the neutrality laws)
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

From the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic
Bombing program needed industry and military locations in Germany,
they got detailed plans and coordinates from wallstreet. Later
possibly because they had trouble justifying that strategic four
engine heavy bomber program represented 1/3rd of US military spending
for WW2, McNamara was LeMay's staff planning fire bombing German and
Japanese cities (hard to miss a whole city).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why CEO pay structures harm companies

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why CEO pay structures harm companies
Date: 20 July 2017
Blog: Facebook

Why CEO pay structures harm companies
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X9rT9gUM7TM

I use to sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM. In the briefings he would
say that former military officers, steeped in rigid, top-down
command&control were starting to contaminate corporate culture
... implying that only those at the very top know what they are
doing. This appears to have helped justify explosion in ratio of top
executive to avg. employee compensation to 400:1 after having been
20:1 for a long time and 10:1 in much of the rest of the world.

Boyd postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Some amount has been written about how Toyota TPS relates to Boyd and
OODA-loops: How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't
want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have
adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

... snip ...

1) is the CEO (&/or a few top executives) directly doing everything
that happens in the corporation?

2) look at it another way, avg worker compensation went flat around
1980, while productivity continued on its significant increase ... the
increasing difference being pocketed by a very few at the top.
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday
and http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead of
Employees references

How GE, GM, Coca-Cola And Kodak Put Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2017/06/29/how-ge-gm-coca-cola-kodak-put-shareholders-ahead-of-employees/

has updated version of the 2011 NYT graphic ... from here
http://www.epi.org/productivity-pay-gap/

trivia: during the economic mess, there is claim that wallstreet
financial services tripled in size as percent of GDP ... for nearly
destroying the countries economy ... and are still fighting hard to
maintain their position.

other recent facebook posts about IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#86 IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#96 IBM Another Disappointment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#97 IBM Another Disappointment

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

past 400:1 ratio posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#73 Should The CEO Have the Lowest Pay In Senior Management?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#24 To: Graymouse -- Ireland and the EU, What in the H... is all this  about?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#76 lack of information accuracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#71 Cormpany sponsored insurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#25 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#33 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#53 Are family businesses unfair competition?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#93 What do you think are the top characteristics of a good/effective leader in an organization? Do you feel these characteristics are learned or innate to an individual?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#2 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#58 Traditional Approach Won't Take Businesses Far Places
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#14 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#17 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#61 The vanishing CEO bonus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#5 Greed - If greed was the cause of the global meltdown then why does the biz community appoint those who so easily succumb to its temptations?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#41 Executive pay: time for a trim?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#44 Executive pay: time for a trim?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#50 Greed Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#80 Are reckless risks a natural fallout of "excessive" executive compensation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#25 The recently revealed excesses of John Thain, the former CEO of Merrill Lynch, while the firm was receiving $25 Billion in TARP funds makes me sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#41 The subject is authoritarian tendencies in corporate management, and how they are related to political culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#3 Congress Set to Approve Pay Cap of $500,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#73 Most 'leaders' do not 'lead' and the majority of 'managers' do not 'manage'. Why is this?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#2 CEO pay sinks - Wall Street Journal/Hay Group survey results just released
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#44 What TARP means for the future of executive pay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#37 Young Developers Get Old Mainframers' Jobs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#48 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#8 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#39 Agile Workforce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#33 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#67 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#71 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#10 OODA in highly stochastic environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#53 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#13 The Seven Habits of Pointy-Haired Bosses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#69 Who was the Greatest IBM President and CEO of the last century?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#28 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#147 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#26 What's your favorite quote on "accountability"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#12 Sun Tzu, Boyd, strategy and extensions of same
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#26 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#90 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#91 The Fractal Organization: Creating sustainable organizations with the Viable System Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#77 Vampire Squid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#73 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#81 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#3 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#32 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#41 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#36 Race Against the Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#40 Core characteristics of resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#87 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#65 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#33 IBM Spent A Million Dollars Renovating And Staffing Its Former CEO's Office
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#28 Flag bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#50 IBM Furloughs U.S. Hardware Employees to Reduce Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#51 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#14 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#15 Why IBM Is Tumbling: BRIC Sales Plunge, Total Revenue Lowest Since 2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#29 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#81 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#33 Power grid groans, blackouts roll through L.A. area as heat wave nears peak
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#61 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#61 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#23 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#17 There's No Such Thing as Corporate DNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#14 Paying CEOs fat bonuses for stock performance doesn't work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#50 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#13 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#49 [CM] What was your first home computer?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SEX

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: SEX
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Jul 2017 18:00:58 -0700

"J. Clarke" <j.clarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

You can run your very own Z machine if you want to--Hercules emulates a
fairly recent release of the Z architecture.  Runs Z/OS just fine.  The
problem isn't the hardware, it's the operating system, which is covered by
every kind of intellectual property protection that IBM's lawyers can dream
up. IBM didn't copyright their eary system software--it was effectively
open-source.  Around the time that MVS was getting popular Gene Amdahl left
IBM and started his own company that made credible plug-compatibles--at
that point IBM tightened up the software licensing.

all software use to be free ... the 23june1969 unbundling announcement
started charging for (application) software, se services,
etc. ... however IBM was able to make the case that that operating
system (kernel) software should still be free. ... unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling

Amdhal was working on ACS-360 ... IBM executives shut that down,
in part because they were concerned that it would advance the state of
the art so fast, that they would loose control of the market. discussion
of the end of ACS-360
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Amdhal then leaves and start his own company.

IBM decides to more all 370 to virtual memory ... based on needing to
significant improve multiprogramming level to keep processors busy
.... disks were getting faster, but processors were getting much faster
than disks were getting faster ... as a result the latency for disk i/o
when measured in count of processor cycles was significsantly
increasing. The analysis was that 370/165 with typical 1mbyte memory
only supported concurrent tasks ... because MVT storage management was
so bad that storage allocated for region/task was four times larger than
typically used. Moving MVT to virtual memory met that could increase
number of concurrent regions/tasks by factor of four times with little
or no paging (aka 16mbyte virtual memory running on 1mbyte real memory).
old post with discussing MVT->VS2/SVS (and then later VS2/MVS development
was supposedly on glide path to future system ).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

IBM also start Future System project ... completely different than
360/370 and was going to completely replace 360/370. A major
motivation/consideration for FS was countermeasure to clone controllers,
i.e. the processor->controller interfaces would be so complex, it
would make it very difficult for clone makers to make compatible
products. some past posts mentioning 360 clone compatible controllers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

During FS period, 370 efforts were aso being shutdown (anticipating
total different products) ... and from the law of unintended
consequences, the lack of 370 products during the FS period is credited
with giving clone processors market foothold. some FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
other FS reference
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Not long after Amdahl created his new company (but before shipping
any machines), he gave a talk at large MIT auditorium ... and several
of us from the science center attended ... misc. past science center
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

In the talk he was grilled about selling out to foreign competition,
funding, manufacturing, etc by foreign company. During the talk, Amdahl
was also asked about how he convinced the investment/money people to
back his company. He said that customers had invested hundreds of
billions in 360 software and even if IBM were to totally walk away
from 360, that software base would be enough to keep him in business
through the end of the century.

I've commented that could be construed of being aware of FS completely
replacing 370 ... however Amdahl has repeatedly been asked about that
and claims he was not aware of FS (started after he left IBM).

During FS, I continued to work on 360 & 370 ... even periodically
ridiculing FS activities. Old email about migrating a bunch of
CP/67 stuff to VM/370 base for CSC/VM (one of my hobbies was
packaing, distributing, & supporting enhanced operating systems
for internal datacenters)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

Then with the implosion of the FS effort, there was mad rush to get
stuff back in the 370 product pipelines ... which contributes to
decision to pick up bits&pieces of csc/vm to release in product.

Then with the rise of clone processor makers, the design was made
to (also) start charging for kernel software  ... and other bits&pieces
of CSC/VM was selected as guinea pig for separately charged for
kernel software ... including my dynamic adaptive resource manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
and virtual memory & paging infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

the initial transition (on the way to replacing all previously free
kernel software to all kernel software being charged for) had business
"rules" that 1) free software couldn't have dependency on priced kernel
software and 2) direct hardware support would be "free".  From the law
of unintended consequences, I had included the CP67 (SMP) kernel
structure as part of the charged for VM370 project.  Then when they made
the decision to release VM370 SMP support, it 1) had to be "free"
(multiprocessor hardware support), but 2) was dependent on the kernel
structure rewrite in my charged-for "resource manager".

By the early 80s, the transition was made to start charging for all
kernel software ... then comes the OCO-wars ... customers complaining
about "object code only" ... change to no longer shipping source (and no
longer shipping source maintenance). recent posts mentioning OCO-wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#18 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#23 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SEX

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: SEX
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Jul 2017 18:47:49 -0700

rpw3@rpw3.org (Rob Warnock) writes:

Also in the mid-80s, while consulting for AMD's internal Engineering
Support group, I ported the 4.3BSD networking code into Amdahl's
UTS-5 v1.1 (a fairly stock AT&T System-V.2 Unix), running on an
IBM 3081 [and an IBM 4341], under IBM's VM/SP, supporting both
the Spartacus/Fibronics and the Auscom bus/tag channel controllers
for Ethernet. The Ethernet driver was written in C, including
building the channel command (CCW) lists, issuing StartIOs, and
handling completion interrupts.

[I posted a considerably longer description in "comp.protocols.tcp-ip"
circa 1989-01-20, in response to a query by John DeTreville at DEC,
"Subject: Re: Time to port Berkeley TCP/IP?", but Google Groups
doesn't seem to have it in its archive. (*sigh*) Let me know if you
want me to say more...]

Amdahl's UTS-5 provided some very useful hooks from Unix to the
underlying VM/SP, including mounts/unmounts of VM/CMS "mini-disks"
as Unix raw disk devices. I wrote a C library that read *AND WROTE*
such mini-disks [including block allocation/deallocation], enabling a
"copycms" program that could copy VM/CMS files to Unix and vice-versa.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#101 SEX

there was an effort to get IBM to hire somebody that would be shortly
graduating ... that had done UNIX port to 370. IBM declines and Amdahl
hires him .... starting Au, aka Amdahl Unix, code named "GOLD",
eventually released as UTS.

One of the people responsible for IBM's HASP (that morphs into JES2),
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

rather than joining the gburg JES group, he goes to Harrison and does
the RASP project ... basically an MFT-based virtual memory system
... that included support for paged mapped filesystem ... w/o the
performance problems that was in TSS/360 and Future System
single-level-store ...  akin to the page mapped filesystem that I had
done for CMS ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

as mentioned in this reference, the MVT->VS2/SVS prototype doesn't use
any of the RASP stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73  Multiple Virtual Memory

and the person responsible eventually leaves IBM and joins Amdahl ...
where he starts a "clean room" reimplementation of RASP as Aspen.  IBM
sues (even tho it isn't using any RASP technology) and court appointed
code-review only finds a few trivial code fragments that are similar.

In the 90s there is some competition between GOLD and ASPEN for Amdahl
resources. For whatever reason some Amdahl people try to drag me into
the disagreement (we would get together at local watering holes after
the monthly BAYBUNCH meetings at SLAC). You've got to remember that
silicon valley was different culture then ... at the invitation only
annual hacker's conference people might bring unannounced products to
let competition and others play with.

My only contribution/suggestion would see if they could do the TSS/360
SSUP thing that IBM was doing for AT&T .... a stripped down TSS/360
kernel with just bare bones hardware support with AT&T unix layered on
top (aka a merger of Aspen lower levels and UTS upper levels).

The issue was that FE wouldn't support hardware that didn't have full
blown error handling, recovery, recording, RAS, EREP, etc.  IBM was
coming out with UCLA's LOCUS unix-work-alike
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOCUS_(operating_system)

as AIX/370 (later AIX/ESA), but running under VM/370. Adding full-blown
mainframe hardware RAS/EREP to these portable systems was several times
larger than the straight-forward port ... so they would leverage the
VM/370 RAS/EREP for systems running in virtual machine.

trivia: the VM/370 TCP/IP product was implemented in VS/Pascal ...  but
had a number of issues by the time it shipped. At first the
communication group objecting to it shipping, when they couldn't
completely block it ... they then claimed that all communication
products were the responsibility of communication group ... and they
took it over. When it shipped, it took nearly a whole 3090 processor to
get 44kbytes/sec throughput.

I did the enhancements to support RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at
cray research got sustained channel speed throughput between 4341 and
cray machine ... only using modest amount of 4341 cpu ... possibly 500
times improvement in bytes moved per cpu instruction executed. some
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

other trivia: my wife had written 3-tier, middle-layer into response to
GOV. request for super-secure, campus, distributed environment.  We
merged the 3-tier, speedup and some other stuff into customer executive
presentations .... which resulted in lots of attacks from the
communication group, the SAA people, the token-ring people, etc. some
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SEX

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: SEX
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Jul 2017 20:01:19 -0700

"J. Clarke" <j.clarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

I suspect anybody who wants to can clone the Z machines, but if you don't
have an operating system for them what good are they?  A Z with Z/OS is
formidable, a Z without it doesnt' have much to offer over a similarly
priced server farm.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#101 SEX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#102 SEX

Haven't seen the latest price for z14 ... a little of recent ibm-main
discussion, max configurated z14 is 146BIPS. This also mentions that
2000-2017 ... mainframe processor performance has increased by factor of
5.5times ... max configured system has increased over by 55 times by
increasing number of processors by ten times
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#87 IBM z14 High-lights

.... but max configured z196, ec12 and z13 were around $30M, aka (z196)
$30M/50=$600K/BIPS, (ec12) $30M/75=$400K/BIPS, (z13)
$30M/100=$300K/BIPS, and possibly z14 $30M/150=$200K/BIPS

from earlier financials, it looked like IBM was selling the equivalent
of less than 60 ec12 systems per year.

the thing that was keeping this all going was software & services.  IBM
mainframe hardware sales accounted for 4% of revenue, but total
mainframe division (including software & services) accounted for 25% of
revenue and 40% of profit ... enormous milking of mainframe software &
services cash cow. There has even been rumors that IBM has been in
discussions about selling off the last vestiges of hardware (like it has
done for chips, disks, etc).

z196 time-frame e5-2600V1 blade was 400-530BIPS (depending on model) ...
and IBM had a base list price of $1815 or a little over $3/BIPS
(compared to $600K/BIPS for z196 hardware and possible 3-4 times that
for the software). However major cloud vendors were claiming they
assemble systems for 1/3rd the price of brand name systems ...  possibly
$1/BIPS ... likely contributing to IBM selling off its server business.

z196 has gone from $600K/BIPS to possibly $200K/BIPS for latest z14 (and
software possibly 3-4 times that, maybe hi $1M/BIPS). E5-2600V3 is about
2.5times E5-2500V1 ... which can make it TIPS+ (aka 1000+BIPS) ... and
below $1/BIPS

e5-2600v5 (xeon being rebranded gold & platinum) will be in z14
time-frame
http://wccftech.com/intel-skylake-e5-2699-v5-32-core-geekbench-score-leaked/

for similarly priced server farm at $30M may be more processing power
than all mainframes in the world today.

recent posts mentioning e5-2600
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#19 follow up to dense code definition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#6 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#16 System z: I/O Interoperability Evolution - From Bus & Tag to FICON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#1 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#17 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#25 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#57 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#58 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#88 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#10 WD ships 'world's largest' 12TB HGST Ultrastar He12 Helium 7200 RPM Enterprise HDDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#75 11May1992 (25 years ago) press on cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#94 Migration off Mainframe to other platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#9 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#71 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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