List of Archived Posts

2017 Newsgroup Postings (01/01 - 02/02)

Leap seconds
Leap seconds
Boyd's briefings
Is multiprocessing better then multithreading?
Separation church and state
The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
Some IBM History
Malicious Cyber Activity
"Too big to fail" was Malicious Cyber Activity
Some IBM History
Separation church and state
Attack SS Entitlements
Separation church and state
follow up to dense code definition
Japanese company replaces office workers with artificial intelligence
Separation church and state
House GOP appallingly votes to conceal cost of Obamacare repeal to taxpayers
Destruction of the Middle Class
TV show Mannix observations
follow up to dense code definition
{wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
History of Mainframe Cloud
History of Mainframe Cloud
{wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
Destruction of the Middle Class
How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers
Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
History of Mainframe Cloud
{wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
$16T National Debt
Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
Star Trek (was Re: TV show Mannix observations)
Moody's Agrees to Settle Financial Crisis-Era Claims for $864 Million
If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
Hammond threatens EU with aggressive tax changes after Brexit
Moody's Agrees to Settle Financial Crisis-Era Claims for $864 Million
Paper tape (was Re: Hidden Figures)
Paper tape (was Re: Hidden Figures)
History of Mainframe Cloud
The economics of corporate crime
History of Mainframe Cloud
Peak Savings: Wall Street Faces 20 Years Of Retirement Withdrawals As Boomers Hit 70 1/2
How To Fix Executive Compensation And CEO Pay In Corporate America
New Rule Cracks Down on Corporate Muzzling of Whistleblowers
Western Union Admits Anti-Money Laundering and Consumer Fraud Violations, Forfeits $586 Million in Settlement with Justice Department and Federal Trade Commission
Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer
Putting The Times's First Email Address to Bed
4361 at livingcomputers.org
How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
Finance Is Not the Economy
The Not-So-Secret Way to Kill an F-22 or F-35 Stealth Fighter
TV Show "Hill Street Blues"
How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
Why the Pursuit of Shareholder Value Kills Innovation
Comanche Empire
25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
TV Show "Hill Street Blues"
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
Mnuchin Lied About His Bank's History of Robo-Signing Foreclosure Documents
Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
How Private Equity Firms are Designed to Earn Big While Risking Little of Their Own
Blockchain
Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic'
Paper Tape
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
Avaya: How we arrived at Chapter 11
HONE APL Systems
IBM Disk Engineering
VM370 Development
Languages
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
Kabuki Theater
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
PDP-10 enthusiasts resurrect ancient MIT operating system
Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
Trump to sign cyber security order
360 & Series/1
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order

Leap seconds

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Leap seconds
Date: 01 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
I remember shortly after joining science center in 1970,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

spending 3m on task force on 370 TOD clock ... issues like 1) was the start 1/1/1900 or 1/1/1901 and 2) how to handle leap seconds

For something completely different, in the early 80s internal online "century" forum discussing how to handle y2k

there was huge amount of Y2K remediation ... one time thing, so at lot of it was outsourced. There was also competition with Internet bubble paying premium prices ... so a lot of Y2k remediation got outsourced to overseas (which contributed to continuing to "offshoring" in this century).

One of the largest TBTF outsourced Y2K remediation of sensitive transaction processing, including ATM machines ... to lowest bidder. It wasn't until much later that they found backdoors and stealth money wire transfers going to overseas accounts .... and the lowest bidder was front for a criminal organization.

past posts mentioning Y2K remediation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#30 Academics locked out by tight visa controls
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#26 Trojan horse attack involving many major Israeli companies, executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#214 Ask about Certification-less Public Key
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#2 The SOB that helped IT jobs move to India is dead!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#39 Who said "The Mainframe is dead"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#66 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#20 I told you ... everybody is going to Dalian,China
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#16 Is a Hurricane about to hit IBM ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#21 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#40 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#7 U.S. Cedes Top Spot in Global IT Competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#39 India is outsourcing jobs as well
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#26 The new urgency to fix online privacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#36 Students mostly not ready for math, science college courses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#19 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#81 Is IT becoming extinct?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#65 How do you manage your value statement?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#27 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#55 Can outsourcing be stopped?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#2 IBM 'pulls out of US'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#9 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#18 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#37 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#37 Young Developers Get Old Mainframers' Jobs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#63 U.S. students behind in math, science, analysis says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#67 I would like to understand the professional job market in US. Is it shrinking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#53 Of interest to the Independent Contractors on the list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#65 Of interest to the Independent Contractors on the list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#19 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#76 Mainframe hacking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#41 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#39 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#44 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#69 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#32 CMS Sort Descending?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#67 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#49 Does outsourcing cause data loss?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#18 Great Brian Arthur article on the Second Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#44 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#94 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#2 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#95 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#18 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#90 Query for Destination z article -- mainframes back to the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#20 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#95 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#25 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#63 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#91 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#21 Hackers stole from 100 banks and rigged ATMs to spew cash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#74 N.Y. Bank Regulator Says Third-Party Vendors Provide Backdoor to Hackers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Leap seconds

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Leap seconds
Date: 01 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#0 Leap seconds

07Dec84 CENTURY posting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#email841207

posts with copy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#24 BA Solves Y2K (Was: Re: Chinese Solve Y2K)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#233 Computer of the century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#0 2000 = millennium?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#94 Those who do not learn from history...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#16 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#53 Long parms...again

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Boyd's briefings

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Boyd's briefings
Date: 02 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Boyd's overheads are quite dense ... people would mention needing to hear the briefing 2-3 times before meaning started to sink in ... there was lot more in the briefings than the overheads. Lots of guidelines about talks taking minute per overhead ... 2-3hrs of Boyd's overheads were hard to compress into single day ... and then it could still require hearing it 2-3 times.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

I've pontificated a lot in the past about KISS security is frequently significantly harder than complex security (I somewhat blame it on being dragged into processor design when circuits were very dear and had to make every one count, preferably for as many things as possible). Goes along with the observation that complex security descriptions are frequently obfuscation for snake-oil. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss1 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss2 Common misconceptions, was Re: KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp-00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss3 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss4 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss5 Common misconceptions, was Re: KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss6 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss7 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss8 KISS for PKIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss9 KISS for PKIX .... password/digital signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss10 KISS for PKIX. (authentication/authorization seperation)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#23 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#26 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#27 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#28 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#29 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#30 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#31 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#49 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#51 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#52 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#0 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#1 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#2 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#3 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#4 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#5 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#6 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#7 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#10 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#14 Cyberspace KISS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is multiprocessing better then multithreading?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Is multiprocessing better then multithreading?
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 02 Jan 2017 16:15:41 -0800
infinisearch99 writes:
How exactly am I looking at two different aspects? I am plainly talking about the paradigm put forth by the UNIX operating system. Also just so you know 32bit x86 processor context is directly supported by the hardware so in a way it does directly support threads.

triva: In the 60s (w/o multiprocessor), CICS was developed because the standard os/360 system services were so expensive, that it made it impossible to justify doing a lot of online transactions. CICS acquired a lot of system resources at startup ... and then provided a huge amount of lightweight system services (including multithreading/multitasking) and avoided using os/360 system services whenever possible. In the 70s, multiprocessing became a lot more common but CICS was so tightly coded that it couldn't operate in concurrent shared memory operation. Alternative was for installation to run multiple copies of CICS concurrently on the same machine. At the turn of the century, there were large installations running over 120 simultaneous CICS copies on the same machine (to take advantage of resources). It wasn't until 2004 that CICS started to be enhanced so the (same) CICS could execute concurrent threads on different processors.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

Charlie had invented compare&swap instruction (name chosen because CAS are charlie's initials) in the late 60s/early 70s, while working on CP67 lightweight kernel multiprocessor locking at the science center. Attempting to get it added to (mainframe) 370 was met by opposition, the POK favorite son operating system people claiming that test&set was more than satisfactory. The 370 architecture owners said that to justify compare&swap for 370 would require useage other than multiprocessor locking. Thus was born the application multithread example uses that are still included in mainframe principles of operation. compare&swap was picked up by highly multithreaded applications like various DBMS (independent of whether they ran on multiprocessor or single processor configurations).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

In the 80s, started to see other platforms start to include compare&swap (and/or instructions with similar semantics) ... since it could make significant difference in large commercial workload throughput (alternative required kernel calls). In late 80s/early 90s started to see POSIX support for lightweight threading and async i/o ... in part motivated by commercial workloads like DBMS ... which had been doing their own internally (somewhat like CICS in the 60s).

Hardware hyperthreaded ... patent referenced in this page about the end of ACS/360
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html
Sidebar: Multithreading

In summer 1968, Ed Sussenguth investigated making the ACS/360 into a multithreaded design by adding a second instruction counter and a second set of registers to the simulator. Instructions were tagged with an additional "red/blue" bit to designate the instruction stream and register set; and, as was expected, the utilization of the functional units increased since more independent instructions were available.

IBM patents and disclosures on multithreading include:

US Patent 3,728,692, J.W. Fennel, Jr., "Instruction selection in a two-program counter instruction unit," filed August 1971, and issued April 1973.

US Patent 3,771,138, J.O. Celtruda, et al., "Apparatus and method for serializing instructions from two independent instruction streams," filed August 1971, and issued November 1973. [Note that John Earle is one of the inventors listed on the -138.]

"Multiple instruction stream uniprocessor," IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, January 1976, 2pp. [for S/370]


... snip ...

additional ACS reference
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs.html

In the early 70s I got sucked into 370/195 hyperthreading (that was never announced or shipped). The issue was that 195 didn't have branch prediction and conditional branches drained the pipeline. Most codes ran on 370/195 at half peak throughput. Hyperthreading was to have two i-streams (simulating two processors) ... each running at half-throughput ... hopefully able to keep the 370/195 fully uitlized.

Part of the issue was decision to move to virtual memory for all 370s ... and it wasn't going to be possible to retrofit virtual memory support to 370/195 (even to retrofit virtual memory to 370/165 ... was a monumental task and even required dropping features in the original 370 virtual memory architecture ... which impacted processors and software already developed for the dropped features).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Separation church and state

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Separation church and state
Date: 03 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Jefferson constantly battling for separation of church & stte and individual freedom, Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power, loc6457-59:
For Federalists, Jefferson was a dangerous infidel. The Gazette of the United States told voters to choose GOD—AND A RELIGIOUS PRESIDENT or impiously declare for "JEFFERSON-AND NO GOD."

... snip ...

Jefferson felt the Federalists striving for British form of government with Lords and eventually a Monarch, starting with things like loc6254-58:
The alien laws collectively invested the president the authority to deport resident aliens he considered dangerous. The sedition bill criminalized free speech, forbidding anyone to "write, print, utter or publish any false, scandalous, and malicious writing or writings against the government of the United States, or either House of the Congress of the United States, with intent to defame or to bring them into contempt or disrepute, or to excite against them, or either or any of them, the hatred of the good people of the United States."

loc6266-67:
Once sedition legislation passed and was signed by Adams, the speaking of one's mind—a foundational freedom—could result in fines up to $2,000 and up to two years in prison.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
Date: 03 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-champions-of-the-401-k-lament-the-revolution-they-started-1483382348?mod=e2fb

Early articles about the rise of 401Ks ... was wallstreet complained that the large pension funds negotiated extremely thin fees ... wallstreet lobbied for 401Ks because they expected to get significantly higher fees (than they could get from pension funds).

This has been going periodically for decades, wallstreet then got 401Ks ... then they got a lot of the remaining large pension funds last decade ... selling them triple-A rated toxic securitized mortgages (the pension funds restricted to investing in "safe investments", wall street got around that by paying rating agencies for triple-A, even when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from oct2008 congressional testimony), claims it accounts for 30% loss in fund value. Current as SS trust fund has all been "borrowed" by congress to pay for other stuff, they would have to raise taxes in order to pay it back. I can imagine there will be a lot of obfuscation and misdirection to avoid having to do that; toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Stockton (80s budget director) claims credit for increasing SS contributions because he wanted the money for DOD w/o needing to raise taxes. He also claims credit for starting to tax SS benefits (double taxation, contributions are after tax income, and then taxed again when benefits paid, sort of backdoor of transfering some of SS trust fund to general fund)

Other gimmicks proposed. Like "means" testing ... not having to pay you your SS benefits if you don't fit some profile.

some recent posts mentioning Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#22 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#44 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#25 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#23 How Generation Y is paying the price for baby boomer pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#9 IBM's 96 column punch card (was System/3)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#54 Social Security Trust Fund IOUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#91 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#51 OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#95 Social Security Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#37 GOP Announces Privatization Of Medicare And The Details Are TERRIFYING
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#61 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#63 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#90 GOP Announces Privatization Of Medicare And The Details Are TERRIFYING
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#91 Your Social Security cuts are already on the way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#94 Your Social Security cuts are already on the way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#100 Attack SS Entitlements

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some IBM History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some IBM History
Date: 03 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
reference to the effect of FS failure had on corporate culture, Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993, reference here:
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

and ...
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

other FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

trivia: I continued to work on 360/370 stuff during FS, even periodically ridiculing FS activity ... which wasn't exactly a career enhancing activity.

President of AMEX is in competition to be next CEO and wins. The looser leaves taking their protegee and goes to Baltimore and take over what is called a loan sharking business. They make some number of other acquisitions eventually acquiring CITI in violation in Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for Glass-Steagall repeal, including enlisting the SECTREAS (and former head of Goldman-Sachs), who resigns and joins CITI as soon as the repeal is added to GLBA. The protegee then leaves CITI and becomes CEO of CHASE.

AMEX is in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR. KKR wins, but runs into some trouble with RJR and hires away president of AMEX to help turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone in the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation to breaking up the company. The board then hires away the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect the comapny ... using some of the same techniques used at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

The former AMEX president then leaves IBM and becomes the head of another large private-equity company ... one of the take-overs is the beltway bandit that will employ Snowden.

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Malicious Cyber Activity

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Malicious Cyber Activity
Date: 04 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned. She shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war, had been found a decade earlier, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

going back further, the US was supporting Iraq in the iran/iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

then sat. photo recon analyst informed White House that Saddam was marshaling forces for invasion of Kuwait. White House says that Saddam told them he would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. then the analyst informed the White House that Saddam was marshaling forces for invasion of Saudi Arabia. Now the Bush1 has to choose between Saudi Arabia and Saddam.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
and posts on the Iraqi WMD issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

Is Harvard responsible for the Rise of Putin?

Fareed Zakaria interview with Kissinger a few weeks ago had running ticker at the bottom somewhat paraphrasing Kissnger (because he was somewhat hard to hear?). Fareed was asking Kissinger about Putin, referring to Kissinger having 30 or so meetings with Putin. At one point Fareed said something about clarifying what Kissinger had said (which was reflected in the ticker at the bottom) and Kissinger said not at all ... and explained what he met (which was not reflected in the ticker).

Kissinger somewhat indirectly referred to this theme about "Harvard being responsible for the rise of Putin" (i.e. Russia needed strongman to oppose the westerners that seemed intent on looting the country). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

Note Summers was Rubin's protegee and replacement SECTREAS when Rubin resigned to become co-CEO of CITI (or at least that was the press at the time), after Rubin had helped Sandy Weill (CEO of CITI) to get repeal of Glass-Steagall added to GLBA.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Summers
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Rubin

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Repeal of Glass-Steagall wasn't directly responsible for the economic mess ... but it gave rise to too big to fail and then too big to prosecute and too big to jail ... which met they wouldn't be held accountable for what they had done (of the $5.2T in off-book toxic assets still held by the four largest TBTF at ye2008, CITI was holding the most).disclaimer: 1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess. Also, not all the US capitalists were out to loot Russia, there was an effort to help create capitalist banking system by building 5,000 brick&mortar banks around the country (innovative financing for the $5B needed for $1M/bank) ... but that all fell apart when things imploded. I only met Rubin at financial industry infrastructure protection meeting in the white house annex. The Treasury did sponsor me for some meetings with NSA about infrastructure protection. After a couple meetings, the fort told me they never wanted to see me again, their only customer was the Pentagon (I may have offended them, they had approved some financial operations as "safe", I then suggested some ways to attack, they said what I suggested wasn't fair).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

The local press in DC will sometimes refer to washington politics as Kabuki Theater, what you see publicly has little to do with what is really going on ... others will estimate that there is no more than 1-3 honest members of congress ... all part of the line that congress is the most corrupt institution on earth.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

Note that there was enormous outsourcing of Intelligence last decade, 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
which contributes significantly to the rapidly spreading success of failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

Contributing last decade was big uptic in private-equity acquiring beltway bandits ... including Snowden's employer (private-equity tend to put enormous pressure on their acquisitions to cut corners and provide them money every way possible, the outsourcing of security clearances to private-equity subsidiaries were found to just be filling out the paperwork, and not actually doing the background checks).

Note a major 2008 campaign item of current president, was the reversal of the massive outsourcing. While that didn't happened, at least the increase seemed to have stopped

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"Too big to fail" was Malicious Cyber Activity

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
Date: 04 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity

TBTF were actually found to be providing funds behind a lot of the payday lenders ... payday lenders are providing significantly higher return than the TBTF were legally allowed to charge. posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

trivia: jan2009 (a decade after being asked to help and try and prevent the coming economic crisis), I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s congressional hearings into crash of '29, resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it wouldn't be needed after all (comment that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash, in that sense references to TBTF as excuse for not being prosecuted was somewhat misdirection). post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Note that first time I saw references to TBTF as too big to prosecute and too big to jail ... was when TBTF were found to be money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists and instead of being shutdown and thrown in jail, they were fined and asked to please stop. The joke has become that the fines are so small compared to the amounts involved they are just being viewed as the cost of running a criminal enterprise, not just the economic mess and money laundering, but also manipulating LIBOR, FOREX, and commodity markets, robo-signing mills fabricating mortgage documents, tax evasion, and various other criminal activity.

tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

The person behind GLBA is #2 on times list responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

not so much for GLBA ... but also for a whole bunch of other things.

other trivia: in 1999 as part of trying to prevent the coming economic mess, I was asked to improve the integrity of supporting documents for securitized mortgages. Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs in the Dallas/Ft.Worth area that turned out to be empty lots). However, they then found they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A rating (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they could start doing no-documentation liar loans (and with no documents, there was no longer issue of document integrity). From the law of unintended consequences, the TBTF largest fines related to the economic mess so far have been for the robo-signing mills fabricating the "missing" documents. posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Note that the triple-A ratings are largely responsible for being able to do over $27T in the 2001-2008 ... including selling toxic securitized mortgages to institutions restricted to dealing in "safe" investments, like large pension funds (claims to account for 30% loss in value).

Paying for triple-A rating enabled being able to almost immediately sell off every loan made, eliminated any reason to care about loan quality and/or borrowers' qualification. Then they found they get create securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A rating, sell to their victims and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad mortgages and instead of not caring about borrowers' qualifications, they started looking for borrowers w/o qualifications).

even more other trivia: rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time, but it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings ... even showing uptic after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Less well known is that SOX also included provision that SEC do something about the rating agencies.

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

S&L trivia: the original S&L regulator refused to go along with the deregulation requests. He was then asked to resign so that the president could appoint somebody that would go along. This discusses the replacement regulator and what he did (he later leaves gov. service and gets an enormous paying job on wallstreet as reward), but doesn't talk about the original regulator that refused to go along
http://www.amazon.com/Two-Trillion-Dollar-Meltdown-Rollers-ebook/dp/B0097DE7DM/

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

VP and former CIA director claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

BASEL2 trivia: early part of century we were asked in to NYFED to discuss how new provision in original BASEL2 draft could be implemented ... (had been added by somebody in NYFED that would help hold executives responsible). However during the review process, the new provision was almost totally eliminated ... mostly by US institutions (most of the EU institutions seemed to be in favor of new provision).

Note that just the four largest TBTF were still holding $5.2T in offbook toxic assets the end of 2008 ... TARP with just $700B appropriated (originally to buy those toxic assets) was way too small to handle the problem and so was used for other purposes (which may have been the original intention all along) ... and the FEDRES behind the scenes bought the toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and provided tens of trillions in ZIRP funds.

There was farce during Jan2009 when they were talking about how hard it was to correctly evaluate the offbook toxic assets for purchase. The two "real" problems were 1) there was no supporting documentation to be used for any evaluation (no documentation, liar loans) and 2) the appropriated money couldn't come close to clearing the problem (late summer 2008, tens of billions in toxic assets had gone for 22cents on the dollar, if the TBTF had been forced to bring the toxic assets back onto their books, they would be declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated; repeal of Glass-Steagall did help with the carrying of toxic assets off-book).

The FEDRES fought long hard legal battle to prevent disclosing what it was doing and when they lost, the chairman held a press conference. He explained that he thought that the TBTF would use the trillions in ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds). Note that the FED Chairman had supposedly been selected in part because he was depression scholar. However, the FED had tried something similar during the depression with similar results, so the chairman should have had no expectation for a different result this time.

trivia: AIG was the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets (that securitized mortgages would fail) and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar. Then the SECTREAS stepped in and had them sign a document saying they couldn't sue those making the gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

The #2 on times list of those responsible for economic mess (and behind GLBA) probably got that position in part for also being behind preventing CDS gambling bets from being regulated. From the law of unintended consequences, this was originally billed as "gift" to ENRON. When the chair of CFTC proposed regulating CDS, she got quickly replaced by #2's wife, while he got legislation passed preventing CDS regulation. The wife then resigns and joins ENRON board (and the audit committee).

trivia: in the financial critical industry protection meetings, the number #1 concern of many of the attendees was making sure that the information sharing ISAC
https://www.fsisac.com/

was structured in such a way so it was not subject to FOIA (i.e. it couldn't be a gov. related operation), they were more concerned about the public finding out about exploits (than they were concerned about the exploits).Exploits have been going on for some time, even against utilities.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection

TBTF were much more concerned about WalMart and Microsoft (than payday lenders, being behind much of their funding). Original rhetoric on floor of congress as to the primary purpose of GLBA was if you already had banking charter, you got to keep it; but if you didn't already have a banking charter, you couldn't get one ... specifically calling out Microsoft and WalMart ... aka eliminating banking competition that had more cost effective technologies (afterwards there were additional favors for wallstreet added, like repeal of Glass-Steagall, claim is GLBA cost wallstreet $250M, nearly evenly divided between the two parties)

Around 2004, WalMart announces it was acquiring Utah ILC in order to become its own "merchant acquirer" (Utah ILCs have some funny provisions for doing national operations, w/o needing national banking charter). WalMart does something like 25-30% of retail transactions in the US ... so it would be a big financial hit to Walmart's merchant acquirer, Chase. Then a writing campaign is started to get community banks to complain to their congressmen that WalMart was threatening their consumer and issuing business (with their purchase of Utah ILC, which had nothing to do with consumer business, but it could be an enormous hit to Chase).

Note it turns out that FEDRES could only provide ZIRP funds to institutions that had banking charter ... and some of the TBTF didn't have banking charter ... so FEDRES was handing out bank charters (in theory violating GLBA) to their friends ... in order to make them eligible for ZIRP funds.

I had earlier come up with a scheme that enabled transactions done at checkout counter to magically turn into banking transactions ... w/o requiring banking charter ... at about 1/10th what it cost banks ...

ZIRP
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate_policy
and posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some IBM History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some IBM History
Date: 04 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#6 Some IBM History

Lots of engineers saw it, at one time senior execs had engineering experience ... but then it changed to bean counters, marketing, MBAs, etc ... that no longer had any feel for technology issues ...they were steeped in linear change and couldn't recognize disruptive change

In the late 70s I was involved in project that had potential for disruptive change and took it to business planners in white plains and some of the U.S. regions ... forecasts where some percent of whatever closest similar product was. It wasn't until we were talking to business planners on the other side of the Pacific that non-linear factors would be considered

It wasn't just CMOS, late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at internal annual world-wide communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic responsibility for everything that crossed the datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing, trying to preserve their (emulated) dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the data center to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with several solutions to address the problem but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Unable to get IBM-logo'ed mainframe distributed computing features past the communication group, we did some consulting for disk division executive that started investing in startups that would do mainframe oriented distributed computing support ... he also funded the original POSIX (aka "open system") support in MVS (got it past the communication group since it technically didn't cross the datacenter walls).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Separation church and state

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Separation church and state
Date: 04 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#4 Separation church and state

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference at NYC Waldof-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
http://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

Results in the 50s include adding "Under God" to the pledge of allegiance and "In God We Trust" to currency

past posts mentioning "one nation under god"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#32 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#33 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Attack SS Entitlements

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Attack SS Entitlements
Date: 05 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#100 Attack SS Entitlements

Phishing for Phools: The Economics of Manipulation and Deception (George A. Akerlof and Robert J. Shiller), pg154/loc2949-51:
Given the dependence of the vast majority of the population on Social Security, it is surprising that any politician would tamper with it. But the belief in New Story has been so great that there was a serious threat. In 2004, the George W. Bush Administration proposed to "privatize" a significant portion of the program.

... snip ...

also known for the Cass-Shiller Index
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_J._Shiller

Note last decade, related activity, in 2002, (new century republican) congress lets fiscal responsibility act lapse (from last century republican congress, spending couldn't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report that 2003-2009, taxe revenue cut $6T and spending increase $6T, for $12T budget gap (at nearly $2T/yr) compared to fiscal responsible budget. Since then taxes haven't been restored and spending only moderately cut, so debt has continued to increase. 2005, US comptroller general started including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for what they were doing to budget). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

Long winded article, about increasing SS contributions and starting to tax benefits
http://dissidentvoice.org/2013/09/ronald-reagan-and-the-great-social-security-heist/
President Reagan and his advisors knew, from the very beginning, that the government would soon face a severe cash shortage. Budget Director, David Stockman, had deliberately rigged the computer at the Office of Management and Budget to generate bogus revenue forecasts in an effort to convince Congress to enact Reagan's unaffordable proposed tax cuts. When Stockman first fed the data from Reagan's economic proposals into the computer, he was shocked. The computer forecast that, if Reagan's proposals were enacted into law, massive budget deficits would loom ahead for as far as the eye could see.

... snip ...

Stockman has several times claimed credit for the SS changes (increasing contributions for funding other activies and taxing benefits) ... although it doesn't say so in the above article
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Stockman

Taxation of Social Security Benefits
https://assetbuilder.com/knowledge-center/articles/scott-burns/the_taxation_of_social_security_benefits_is_a_time_bomb
A. You're not the only person who has been blind-sided by the taxation of Social Security benefits. The tax was the brainchild of David Stockman. He was the Director of the Office of Management and Budget during the Reagan administration. He slipped this little time bomb into the Social Security reforms that were adopted in 1983.

... snip ...

Looting Social Security
http://www.counterpunch.org/2010/02/19/looting-social-security/
Two Wall Street henchmen, Alan Greenspan and David Stockman, set up the Social Security raid in this way: The Carter administration had put Social Security in the black for the foreseeable future by establishing a schedule for future Social Security payroll tax increases. Greenspan and Stockman conspired to phase in the payroll tax increases earlier than was needed in order to gain surplus Social Security revenues that could be used to finance other government spending, thus reducing the budget deficit. They sold it to President Reagan as "putting Social Security on a sound basis."

... snip ...

STOCKMAN BOOK IS A HARSH LOOK AT THE COLLEAGUES HE LEFT BEHIND
http://www.nytimes.com/1986/04/13/us/stockman-book-is-a-harsh-look-at-the-colleagues-he-left-behind.html?pagewanted=all

The Washington/Wall Street Big Lie: Counterfeit GDP Growth, Phony Cost-Of-Living Stats
http://davidstockmanscontracorner.com/the-washingtonwall-street-big-lie-counterfeit-gdp-growth-phony-cost-of-living-stats/

other recent posts mentioning SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#22 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#25 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#88 Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#91 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#65 old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#101 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#95 Social Security Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#37 GOP Announces Privatization Of Medicare And The Details Are TERRIFYING
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#61 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#63 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#5 The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Separation church and state

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Separation church and state
Date: 06 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#4 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#10 Separation church and state

British originally tried to emulate the Spanish for North America starting with Jamestown (1607), those sent over had no background in self-sufficient, planning on enslaving local population, however natives weren't amenable to enslaving and the settlement starves. British eventually then started sending over select members from British Isles as slaves, from crown charters for colonies (part of what Jefferson was trying to change and fighting against):
The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social structure. At the bottom were the "leet-men," with clause 23 noting, "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations."

...
As North America developed, English elites tried time and time again to set up institutions that would heavily restrict the economic and political rights for all but a privileged few of the inhabitants of the colony

something Jefferson thot he had to constantly fight against. Part of the strategy from Britain ... was that the church had been enlisted to help maintain rigid social structure. The "Spanish" model they were trying to emulate:
The full gamut of encomienda, mita, repartimiento, and trajin was designed to force indigenous people's living standards down to a subsistence level and thus extract all income in excess of this for Spaniards. This was achieved by expropriating their land, forcing them to work, offering low wages for labor services, imposing high taxes, and charging high prices for goods that were not even voluntarily bought. Though these institutions generated a lot of wealth for the Spanish Crown and made the conquistadors and their descendants very rich, they also turned Latin America into the most unequal continent in the world and sapped much of its economic potential

... snip ...

New England has some fleeing from religious persecution, not looking for religious freedom, but someplace where they are the persecutORS (rather than the persecutEES) ... and suffered other characteristics similar to Jamestown settlement. Jefferson was against organization religion ... so many responsible for evil, he didn't deny GOD, but the evils of organized religion.

loc9408-10:
The making of the University of Virginia was Jefferson's last great effort of will and leadership. It called on his political, intellectual, and architectural gifts. As with so much in his life, there were compromises and problems (he spent too much money), but also as with so much else, Jefferson created something that endured.

loc9426-29:
His first university appointment fell victim to the kind of sectarian religious strife that drove him to distraction. In 1820, Thomas Cooper, a Unitarian, was asked to come to the university as a professor. The state's religious world reacted badly, mounting what Jefferson called a "Holy Inquisition," and the zealots won. 54 Jefferson was forced to back down.

loc9432-37:
The immediate cause of worry for sectarian observers was Jefferson's refusal to include a professor of divinity on the faculty. In his 1822 annual report as rector, Jefferson gently but unmistakably shifted the burden back to the individual faiths themselves, offering any sect the opportunity to build and fund its own school on the grounds of the university. The library would be open to all, and officials would allow students the ability to attend classes of a sectarian nature as well as ordinary university courses--"but always understanding," Jefferson wrote, "that these schools shall be independent of the University and of each other."

... snip ...

refs to inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

past refs to "leet-men":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#15 Imbecilic Constitution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#17 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#61 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#84 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#62 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#38 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#123 E.R. Burroughs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

follow up to dense code definition

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: follow up to dense code definition
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 06 Jan 2017 11:57:42 -0800
Michael Black <et472@ncf.ca> writes:
THen by that definition, isn't it APL that would be "densest"?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#111 Definition of "dense code"

one of the scenarios from the 60s to optimize use of scarce real storage ... was self-modifying code ... modifying instructions on the fly for specific cases.

this became less & less useful as real memory become more plentiful, and major problem later Harvard architectures with non-synchronized I(instruction) and D(ata) caches became more common (loaders required special instructions to flush D-caches address ranges back to memory and flush I-cache address ranges from cache ... so future I-cache references were forced to be loaded from memory.

APL is also interpreted ... so the interpreter could have very good I-cache locality to partially offset interpreted overhead. Various cache-miss compensation, like prefetch and out-of-order execution, has offset some of this; i.e. latency for memory access, cache-miss measured in count of processor cycles ... is compareable to 60s disk access latency measured in count of 60s processor cycles.

Original APL\360 configuration was usually 16kbyte or 32kbyte workspaces which were swapped as integral unit. when science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

ported APL\360 to CP67/CMS for CMS\APL ... workspace size was opened to full virtual memory size. A big early problem was that APL allocated a new storage location for every assignment, when all workspace memory was exhausted, it would do collection/compaction and then restart (even very small looping program could easily do repeatedly exhaust all available workspace). Moving to demand page virtual memory (much larger than available real storage) even a simple APL program could result in severe page thrashing. Before CMS\APL could be released, all this had to be reworked.

APL and/or HONE posts (HONE was virtual machine based, online world-wide sales&marketing system, majority was APL applications, largest APL use I know of in the world, trivia: one of my hobbies at IBM was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was longtime customer)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Japanese company replaces office workers with artificial intelligence

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Japanese company replaces office workers with artificial intelligence
Date: 06 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Japanese company replaces office workers with artificial intelligence - Insurance firm Fukoku Mutual Life Insurance is making 34 employees redundant and replacing them with IBM's Watson Explorer AI.
https://www.reddit.com/r/Futurology/comments/5m5qfc/japanese_company_replaces_office_workers_with/?st=IXLJ0B7F&sh=82b6c340

I remember in the 70s at the IBM science center, reading numerous references to this:

The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds; loc2276-79:
The Oregon researchers went and tested the hypothesis anyway. It turned out to be true. If you wanted to know whether you had cancer or not, you were better off using the algorithm that the researchers had created than you were asking the radiologist to study the X-ray. The simple algorithm had outperformed not merely the group of doctors; it had outperformed even the single best doctor. You could beat the doctor by replacing him with an equation created by people who knew nothing about medicine and had simply asked a few questions of doctors.

log2289-90:
The implications were vast. "If these findings can be generalized to other sorts of judgmental problems," Goldberg wrote, "it would appear that only rarely--if at all--will the utilities favor the continued employment of man over a model of man."

loc2291-93:
Why would the judgment of an expert--a medical doctor, no less--be inferior to a model crafted from that very expert's own knowledge? At that point, Goldberg more or less threw up his hands and said, Well, even experts are human. "The clinician is not a machine," he wrote. "While he possesses his full share of human learning and hypothesis-generating skills, he lacks the machine's reliability."

loc2296-99:
Right after Goldberg published those words, late in the summer of 1970, Amos Tversky showed up in Eugene, Oregon.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Separation church and state

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Separation church and state
Date: 06 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#4 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#10 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#12 Separation church and state

part of the above ...

The Irish Slave Trade - The Forgotten "White" Slaves
http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-irish-slave-trade-the-forgotten-white-slaves/31076
From 1641 to 1652, over 500,000 Irish were killed by the English and another 300,000 were sold as slaves. Ireland's population fell from about 1,500,000 to 600,000 in one single decade. Families were ripped apart as the British did not allow Irish dads to take their wives and children with them across the Atlantic. This led to a helpless population of homeless women and children. Britain's solution was to auction them off as well.

... snip ...

refs to inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

... and more recent

How nostalgia for white Christian America drove so many Americans to vote for Trump
https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/social-issues/how-nostalgia-for-white-christian-america-drove-so-many-americans-to-vote-for-trump/2017/01/04/4ef6d686-b033-11e6-be1c-8cec35b1ad25_story.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

House GOP appallingly votes to conceal cost of Obamacare repeal to taxpayers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: House GOP appallingly votes to conceal cost of Obamacare repeal to taxpayers
Date: 07 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
House GOP appallingly votes to conceal cost of Obamacare repeal to taxpayers
http://shareblue.com/house-gop-appallingly-votes-to-conceal-cost-of-obamacare-repeal-to-taxpayers/#.WG-bklkmXLo.facebook

Sounds like medicare part-D in 2003. CBS 60mins did segment on 18 republican congressmen and staffers responsible for getting part-D through. At last minute they add one line sentence and prevent CBO from distributing report of the change. Within six months of passing, all 18 had resigned and on drug industry payroll. US Comptroller General later includes in speeches that part-D comes to be long-term $40T item that swamps all other budget items.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d
US Comptroller General posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

It was 1st major bill passed after they let financial responsibility act lapse in 2002 (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report was that 2003-2009, tax revenue was cut $6T and spending was increased $6T for $12T budget gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (deficit almost $2T/yr). Since then spending has decreased, but taxes haven't been restored so debt continues to increase. It will be major burden going forward since just interest on the debt is now pushing half trillion/yr. By 2005, US Comptroller General is (also) including in speeches that nobody in Congress is capable of middle school arithmetic for how badly they are savaging the budget.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

Note, Congress pumped trillions of dollars into military-industrial complex for the two wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

.... but avoided providing the appropriations for VA health for a long time. A mental health care professional neighbor talked about that when congress finally got around to increased funding for PTSD and increase in health care professionals .... VA tried to hire nearly every mental health care professional in the country. Problem was that it was going to take some time before the system could produce the number of mental health care professionals needed. The delay in funding for VA shows up in other types of care also. When it looked like congress wasn't going to increase total DOD budget, military-industrial complex started lobbying for decreasing benefits (so they could get a bigger piece of the available pie). In the mean time, VA has had to resort to heavy drug doses (as alternative to treatment by professional), most of these drugs are almost impossible to get off ... so they may be on the drugs for the rest of their life, which is (also) just fine with the drug industry.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Destruction of the Middle Class

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Destruction of the Middle Class
Date: 08 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
The Limping Middle Class
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html
and
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday

"Confidence Men" has a civil engineering professor talking to Volcker about last several decades civil engineering programs at univ. being eliminated (lack of building programs, lack of jobs for civil engineering graduates, no jobs means drop off in students) ... and Volcker responds:
"Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s*tty bridges and a s*tty financial system!". Some number of recent US rebuild projects have gone to companies from foreign countries that are still producing civil engineering graduates.

... snip ...

Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.

... snip ...

which corresponds to the beginning destruction of the middle class as well as the S&L crises. The original S&L regulator refused to go along with the requests. He was then asked to resign so the president could appoint somebody that would go along. This goes into it
http://www.amazon.com/Two-Trillion-Dollar-Meltdown-Rollers-ebook/dp/B0097DE7DM/

including loc655-67:
By the time Pratt had finished, it was possible for a single individual to take control of an S&L, then organize and lend to multiple subsidiaries -- for land acquisition, construction, building management, and the like -- and create his own small real estate empire entirely with depositors' money.

... snip ...

VP and former CIA director claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
inequality refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
S&L crises
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TV show Mannix observations

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: TV show Mannix observations
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 09 Jan 2017 15:28:37 -0800
Lawrence Statton NK1G <lawrence@senguio.mx> writes:
I once quipped to a friend, "If you're every lonely and want someone to call, just grab onto tip and ring ... Murphy's law guarantees that the phone will ring at that moment."

IBM developed (internal) encrypting 2400baud modem for travel/home. One of the initial installs was for senior executive ... who installed it at home ... story is that in some past life he had been EE and went to test the contacts with the tip of his tongue ... when it just happened to ring. He then decreed that all IBM products with RJ-phone jacks had to have the contacts recessed so that babies (and senior execs) couldn't touch it with their tongue.

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#11 Security Proportional to Risk (was: IBM Mainframe at home)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#68 The Pentium 4 - RIP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#57 high speed network, cross-over from sci.crypt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#30 I need magic incantation for a power conditioner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#25 Fear the Internet, was Cool Things You Can Do in z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#19 disclosing "business" information on the internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

follow up to dense code definition

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: follow up to dense code definition
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 09 Jan 2017 16:01:17 -0800
hancock4 writes:
Could a good applications programmer write an assembler program to perform that way? Or, are application programmers typically restricted in accessing certain instructions (perhaps privileged instructions)?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#111 Definition of "dense code"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#13 follow up to dense code definition

To conserve real memory and overhead, standard os/360 process was I/O channel programs built by application (or library code running in application space) ... and then passed to supervisor (SVC0/EXCP call) for execution ... which did some (increasingly non-trivial) verification ... before initiating the actual i/o operation (supervisor not differentiating whether the application directly built the channel programs or they were built by library code running in application space).

channel programs use real addresses ... so os/360 transition from real to virtual addressing resulted in supervisor having to make a copy of the channel program (passed from application), replacing all (application) virtual addresses with their corresponding real addresses. Most of the code in initial os/360 virtual memory implementation was borrowed from virtual machine CP67 (CCWTRANS) that copyied virtual machine channel programs, substituting real addresses for virtual.

However, there is huge amount of hardware channel program chatter that doesn't scale well. In 1980, STL was moving 300 people from the IMS group with access back to the STL datacenter. The IMS people had tried "remote 3270" and found the human factors totally unacceptable. I was then con'ed into doing support for channel extension ... allowing channel attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg. Part of the protocol involved downloading the channel program to a channel simulator at the remote site ... significantly masking the huge channel program chatter overhead. For various reasons, people at the remote site didn't see any difference in online activity ... and the associated mainframes actually had higher throughput (after the move). The hardware vendor then tried to get IBM to release my support ... but there was a group in POK playing with some fiber stuff who got it blocked because they were afraid if it was in the market, it would make it more difficult to get their stuff out. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

In 1988, I got asked if I could help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were playing with ... which quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (FCS), including support for remote execution of I/O programs to minimize protocol chatter latency.

In 1990, the POK people finally get their stuff released with ES/9000 as ESCON (when it is already obsolete) ... basically simulating half-duplex parallel copper with all the protocol chatter latency ... but running over pairs of fiber.

Then some POK people get involved in FCS and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput ... that eventually ships as FICON ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

The most recent IBM published mainframe peak I/O benchmark is for z196 using 104 FICONs (running over 104 FCS) getting 2M IOPS. About the same time, an FCS was announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (for single FCS, two such FCS having higher throughput than 104 FCS running FICON).

They have published protocol enhancement for FICON that is a little like the work I did in 1980, but it only claims a 30% improvement over original FICON.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

{wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
Newsgroups: comp.sys.xerox, alt.folklore.computers, alt.sys.pdp10
Date: Wed, 11 Jan 2017 10:59:06 -0800
pechter@pechter.dyndns.org (William Pechter) writes:
Has the SMP not been imported into AT&T Unix or did they use it internal only...

Unfortunately, I was nominally based out of Somerset, then Piscatiway and Princeton, and started out installing Vaxes in Holmdel in '81.

I was at Fort Monmouth mostly hung out in Holmdel office, without the ability to go from the DEC office to the Holmdel computer room without escort.

Never did see those DEC Vaxes run SysV until I managed a gig running SysV on an 11/750 at Fort Monmouth.


I periodically mentioned that Charlie invented compare&swap when he was doing cp67 multiprocessor/smp fine grain locking at the scientific center ... science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
smp &/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

then as part of the morph of cp67 to vm370 .... lots of stuff was dropped (including no SMP support) Some old email about moving a lot of (dropped) cp67 to vm370 (one of my hobbies at IBM was doing enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

which didn't (yet) include SMP support (although it did include a lot of kernel restructure needed by SMP support) ... somehow or another AT&T longlines was able to get a copy of this CSC/VM system.

In early 80s, the IBM national rep for AT&T tracked me down to ask me if I could help AT&T migrate off that CSC/VM systems (to latest vm370 w/smp support, over the years, AT&T propated CSC/VM to a number of datacenters and migrated it to latest mainframe processors). Come early 80s & the latest 3081 mainframe ... was originally planned to no longer be offered in single processor configurations. There was concern that AT&T would be forced to (buy &) move (that nearly decade old) CSC/VM to non-IBM clone mainframes (which still offerred single processor configurations)

Recent post in facebook "old online" discussion about non-IBM (single processor) mainframe at Dialog:

from long ago and far away

Date: 04/22/81 09:51:27
From: wheeler

re: Tandem, DIALOG, etc.;

before the BAYBUNCH meeting last night, we went up and did a customer call on DIALOG (& got to see the AS9000). While we were there xxxxx called & I talked to him for a while. I happened to mention the NAS headhunter call & the details -- coincidence it was the day before I was to call on DIALOG & see the AS 9000. He said that DIALOG would offer a much better deal. DIALOG is currently part of a Lockheed division. DIALOG has around 120 people, the whole division has around 20,000 people, but last year DIALOG accounted for 40% of the division profits. Right now DIALOG is in the process of breaking off & becoming a subsidiary. They will be offering substantial profit sharing deals.

they also had something like 320 disk drives (200mbyte, 3330-11, 64gbyte). AS9000 was ibm mainframe clone built by Hitachi and marketed in the US by NAS.

Reference in the above, head hunter had called asking me to interview for technical assistant to President of NAS. I was sitting in office of the executive that ran Dialog and former co-worker called him, and the executive handed phone to me, former co-worker mentioned that DIALOG would make me a much better offer. BAYBUNCH was local monthly technical meeting hosted at SLAC.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

other random trivia:

ACP/TPF (airline control program) still didn't have SMP support and IBM also worrying that market would all migrate to clone mainframes (that still offered single processor configurations). Eventually IBM did come out with 3083 (primarily because of ACP/TPF market) ... which was basically 3081 with one processor removed (there was issue that processor0 was at top of box and processor1 was in the middle, easiest would have been to remove processor1, but that would have left the box dangerously top heavy).

TSS/360 had been decommited but the group did manage to port to TSS/370 for supporting a few customers. Then a special project was done with AT&T ... taking a stripped down TSS/370 kernel (SSUP) with UNIX layered on top (giving them SMP operation). past posts mentioning SSUP:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#69 Operating systems are old and busted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#17 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#61 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#44 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#2 TSS (Transaction Security System)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#0 Hashing for DISTINCT or GROUP BY in SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#73 Speed of Old Hard Disks - adcons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#96 History of copy on write
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#85 SV: USS vs USS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#67 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#28 which one came first
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#34 Regarding Time Sharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#24 Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#92 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#74 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#17 The SDS 92, its place in history?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

History of Mainframe Cloud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: History of Mainframe Cloud
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Jan 2017 10:51:15 -0800
starsoul@MINDSPRING.COM (Lizette Koehler) writes:

https://www.ibm.com/blogs/cloud-computing/2014/03/a-brief-history-of-cloud-compu
ting-3/

After some time, around 1970, the concept of virtual machines (VMs) was created.


mid-60s, some of the CTSS people went to 5th flr to do MULTICS ... others went to the ibm science center on the 4th flr and did cp40/cms (after having done the hardware modifications to add virtual memory to 360/40). cp40/cms morphs into cp67/cms when 360/67 that came standard with virtual memory becomes available in 1967.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

transition to online available 7x24 was an issue since machine useage offshift from home was quite variable ... and ibm mainframe even sitting idle (but available) was quite expensive. lots of work was done on cp67 to support darkroom, unattended operation ... to minimize offshift costs when (especially initally) there was little useage (but in order to promote offshift useage, system had to be up 7x24).

this was also in the days when systems were rented ... and monthly charges was based on the "system meter" that ran whenever the processor and/or (any) channel was executing (processor and all channel activity had to be idle for at least 400ms before system meter stopped). cp67 did some special programming so that channel would go idle ... but instantly wake up whenever there was any arriving characters ... further reducing offshift costs when idle. Trivia: long after the shift from rent/leased to sales ... MVS still had a timer task that woke up every 400ms (making sure that system meter never stopped).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

The science center offered online service both internal and to students/staff/professors at local univ. in cambridge area. One of the issues was highest security since some of the internal users were Armonk business planners which had loaded the most valuable and sensitive corporate data on the system ... and the system was also being used by non-employees from local universities.

CP67/CMS was also being used by various gov. agencies. I was undergraduate at the time but doing extenive CP67/CMS changes ... and would even periodically get requests from IBM for enhancements. I didn't know about it at the time, but some of the (security related) requests from IBM may have actually originated from gov. agencies (although I didn't find out about them until much later). gone 404, but still lives free at the wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

even before I graduated, Boeing hired me full time to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Serivces ... consolidate all of dataprocessing in an independent business unit to better monetize the investment (including offering services to non-Boeing entities). Boeing Renton had somewhere around $300M (late 60s $$s) in IBM mainframes ... 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed ... and were in the processor of replicating Renton datacenter at Paine Field (for disaster survival).

late 70s/early 80s customers bought large number of 4300s. datacenter 4300 clusters had more aggregate processing & i/o than high-end mainframes at significant lower cost, smaller footprint, lower power useage and environmental requirements. large customers also had orders of 4300 in hundreds at a time for placing out in departmental areas (sort of the leading edge of the distributed computing tsunami). In 1979, I was asked to do 4341 benchmarks for LLNL that was looking at getting 70 4341s for compute farm ... a leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputers.

modern large cloud operators will have several megadatacenters, each one with hundreds of thousands of systems (and millions of processors) staffed by 80-100 people ... to meet elastic, on-demand computing. They claim that they assemble their own systems for 1/3rd the cost of systems from brand name vendors (and server chips for cloud megadatacenters exceed number going to brand name server vendors) ... enabling provisioning for enormous elastic ondemand ... system costs have been so radically reduced that power&cooling have increasingly became major cost. They've worked extensively with chip makers so that they can have systems where power/cooling drops to zero when idle ... but are "instant on" as needed for on-demand use (going way beyond what was done for cp67/cms in the 60s). some recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#57 Economics of Mainframe Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#50 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#69 Cambridge's HPC-as-a-service for boffins, big and small
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#18 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#93 HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#57 Introducing the New z13s: Tim's Hardware Highlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#93 Google joins Facebook's game-changing project that's eating the $140 billion hardware market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#50 China takes the lead in supercomputing while America sleeps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#90 Google and Facebook put their fierce rivalry aside to save money in this key area
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#62 remote system support (i.e. the data center is 2 states away from you)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#77 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#89 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#45 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#61 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#47 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#48 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#55 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#57 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#60 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

History of Mainframe Cloud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: History of Mainframe Cloud
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Jan 2017 14:00:34 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud

Les sent me this CP40/CMS presentation that he gave at '82 SEAS meeting, and let me scan, OCR and put it up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

a copy is also in the appendix of Melinda's (neuall.pdf) VM history paper. Some years ago, I converted Melinda's postscript to pdf & kindle formats and she added them to her site. and earlier, from long ago and far away at princeton
http://web.archive.org/web/20050924051057/http://www.princeton.edu/~melinda/index.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

{wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
Newsgroups: comp.sys.xerox, alt.folklore.computers, alt.sys.pdp10
Date: Thu, 12 Jan 2017 21:53:02 -0800
pechter@pechter.dyndns.org (William Pechter) writes:
The company head was Daniel Sinnott Sr. who also founded Interdata in 1966 (which later became part of Perkin-Elmer Data Systems and then spun off to Concurrent Computer).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#20 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code

guys from cambridge science center came out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

jan 1968 to install cp67 at the univ. I did a lot of enhancements for cp67 as undergraduate at the univ ... including added tty terminal support. I tried to make the ibm terminal controller do some stuff that it couldn't quite do. somewhat as a result, the univ. starts a clone controller project ... interdate/3 programmed to emulate ibm controller and build hardware channel interface board. This then evolves into interdata/4 for the channel interface with multiple interdata/3s handling line/port scanner function. Interdata starts marketing it into ibm market ... and four of us get written up as responsible for (some part of) clone controller market. It continued to be sold under perkin/elmer name (after buying interdata). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

I run into one of the boxes at large mid-atlantic datacenter around turn of the century handling majority of dialup point-of-sale terminal transactions for the east coast.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Destruction of the Middle Class

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Destruction of the Middle Class
Date: 13 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest
Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in department seminars.

... snip ...

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky disproved Economists' assumption that people make rational decisions ... getting Kahneman (a psychologist) Nobel Prize in economics. loc:1155-59:
He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the people you know are idiots."

... snip ...

some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers
Date: 13 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2017/01/06/how-the-u-s-enabled-russian-hack-truthers.html

triva ... Olie's problem with IBM PROFs email system in the 80s
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oliver_North#Iran.E2.80.93Contra_affair

after Iran/Contra following administrations had to get more inventive, as it became harder and harder to disappear email from gov. servers, they eventually had to move to non-gov. servers

100,000 lost in the 90s, because backup was "misconfigured"
http://www.judicialwatch.org/blog/2008/01/clinton-white-house-lost-emails-too/

Hillary's email scandal -- of the 1990s! Exclusive: Larry Klayman tells of 1 million messages 'lost' from White House server
http://www.wnd.com/2016/06/hillarys-email-scandal-of-the-1990s/
The Other Clinton Email Scandal You May Not Know About
http://ijr.com/2016/06/624529-this-isnt-the-first-clinton-email-scandal/
Politicos squabble over 'missing' White House e-mails
https://www.cnet.com/news/politicos-squabble-over-missing-white-house-e-mails/

then

The George W. Bush White House 'Lost' 22 Million Emails
http://www.newsweek.com/2016/09/23/george-w-bush-white-house-lost-22-million-emails-497373.html
Special Report: G.W. Bush's 103.6 million missing email messages and the IT archiving challenge
http://www.zdnet.com/article/special-report-g-w-bushs-103-6-million-missing-email-messages-and-the-it-archiving-challenge/
Bush White House email controversy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bush_White_House_email_controversy
Missing White House Emails
http://www.pbs.org/weta/washingtonweek/web-video/missing-white-house-emails
Disappearing White House Emails Timeline
https://www.emptywheel.net/2008/01/17/disappearing-white-house-emails-timeline/
Group Sues White House to Restore Missing Emails; National Security Archive says White House must reactivate its email archiving system
http://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/group-sues-white-house-to-restore-missing-emails/d/d-id/1128976

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
Date: 13 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest
Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in department seminars.

... snip ...

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky disproved Economists' assumption that people make rational decisions ... getting Kahneman (a psychologist) Nobel Prize in economics. loc:1155-59:
He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the people you know are idiots."

... snip ...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.

... snip ...

which corresponds to the beginning destruction of the middle class as well as the S&L crises.

The Limping Middle Class
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html
and
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday

"Confidence Men" has a civil engineering professor talking to Volcker about last several decades civil engineering programs at univ. being eliminated (lack of building programs, lack of jobs for civil engineering graduates, no jobs means drop off in students) ... and Volcker responds: "Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s*tty bridges and a s*tty financial system!". Some number of recent US rebuild projects have gone to companies from foreign countries that are still producing civil engineering graduates.

The original S&L regulator refused to go along with the requests. He was then asked to resign so the president could appoint somebody that would go along. This goes into it
http://www.amazon.com/Two-Trillion-Dollar-Meltdown-Rollers-ebook/dp/B0097DE7DM/
including loc655-67:
By the time Pratt had finished, it was possible for a single individual to take control of an S&L, then organize and lend to multiple subsidiaries -- for land acquisition, construction, building management, and the like -- and create his own small real estate empire entirely with depositors' money.

... snip ...

some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

VP and former CIA director claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

The man who studies the spread of ignorance (from Jan 2016)
http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20160105-the-man-who-studies-the-spread-of-ignorance
in more detail: Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
http://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured/dp/B003RRXXO8/

Some of the "Tobacco Smoke"/"Global Warning" (merchants of doubt) scientists were also involved with Team B, helping spin over estimating enemy capability. When director of CIA won't agree to "Team B" Soviet analysis justifying huge increase in military spending, he is replaced by somebody that would (who later becomes VP and then President)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

Rumsfeld white house chief of staff (74-75), after replacing CIA director, he becomes SECDEF (75-77), and replaced by one of his staffers, Dick Cheney. He is again SECDEF 2001-2006
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Rumsfeld

When Rumsfeld was white house chief of staff 74-75, Cheney was on his staff. Cheney then becomes white house chief of staff when Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF. Cheney is then SECDEF from 89-93 and VP 2001-2009
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney

one of the "Team B" members
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
He is a leading neoconservative.[4] As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork".

... snip ...

Team B was also involved in supplying Saddam with weapons
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned. She shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

during the invasion, the decommissioned WMDs were found (tracing back to the US), but the information was classified until 2014
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

Team B posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
and posts on the Iraqi WMD issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

History of Mainframe Cloud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: History of Mainframe Cloud
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 13 Jan 2017 13:41:55 -0800
mike.a.schwab@GMAIL.COM (Mike Schwab) writes:
And the web site is the server and the web page is the application.

The cloud just reassigns different servers to serve the web page (application).


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#22 History of Mainframe Cloud

note, I've previously referenced, large public clouds have also done enormous work on the efficiency and economics so that they can serve elastic on-demand, possibly having 80%-90% idle (zero electricity & cooling, instant on) ... just so they can have capacity for peak demand.

we were doing commercial/DBMS and sicentific/technical cluster scaleup as part of our (ibm) HA/CMP product. reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on commercial/DBMS cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY* and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. some old email (mainframe DB2 group was also complaining that if I was allowed to go ahead, it would be at least 5yrs ahead of them)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa
and posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

... which contributes to our decision to leave. Later, two of the other people in the Ellison meeting have also left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server". We are brought in because they want to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

At the time, the payment industry was primarily circuit-based with end-to-end diagnostics and trouble desk was expected to do 1st level problem determination within 5mins. Early "electronic commerce" pilot was large sporting goods vendor that advertised during NFL half-time. An early trouble call was closed as "NTF" (no trouble found) after 3hrs of investigation. I had to document a lot of processes and craft software to try and bring a packet-oriented infrastructure up to the level of what the payment industry expected from circuit-based infrastructure (I also had complete authority over the server to payment network gateway operation ... but could only make recommendations over the client/server operation ... some of which were almost immediately violated and continue to account for some number of exploits).

A couple of other observations

1) the platforms used for servers had come from an interactive environments ... which grewup assuming everything was done interacting with user ... and problems just frequently "punted" back to the user. Mainframes tended to assume there was no responsible human interaction and for decades developed hueristics to (automagically) try and handle issues (at the time, much better suited for dark room server operation).

2) I would claim that it takes 4-10 times the effort to take a well designed, implemented and tested application and turn it into a service (in part develop adhoc hueristics to handle lots of situations).

In this period there was lots of work on object-oriented operating systems ... for instance Apple had "pink" and Sun had "spring" (at one point I was asked if I would consider heading up an effort to turn "spring" out as commercial product). "pink" somewhat morphs into application development environment which Apple spins off as Taligent. I had one week JAD with Taligent to look at what it would take to enhance their application development environment for services ... after a week the estimate was it would be 1/3rd hit to all their existing object Frameworks and a couple new Frameworks (never went further than that).

trivia: 17Feb1992 press about scientific & technical *ONLY*
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
and then 11May1992 press caught by surprise in cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

we did eventually find a object-oriented application development company that did fixed-priced commercial services ... it was founded by the person that formally was head of the 60s IBM FAA air traffic control project.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

{wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
Newsgroups: comp.sys.xerox, alt.folklore.computers, alt.sys.pdp10
Date: Fri, 13 Jan 2017 20:55:38 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
It amazes me how all our lives were entwined by the bit streams we generated with our work...and we never knew...

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#20 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#23 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code

maybe a little closer to (your) home(?) ... michican terminal system (running on 360/67)
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html
does a similar (clone) controller project using PDP8
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html

lots of places were sold (virtual memory) 360/67 to run tss/360 ... which never quite achieved final version. some of those places dropped back to running 360/67 as 360/65 with os/360.

The cambridge science center ... some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

... which had developed (virtual machine) cp40/cms for 360/40 (with hardware modifications supporting virtual memory) and then when standard 360/67 became available, they moved cp40/cms to 360/67 for cp67/cms. recent post in mainframe mailing list about cp40
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#22 History of Mainframe Cloud

and lots of the 360/67 customers ran cp67/cms ... lincoln labs, navy postgraduate school, Boeing some gov. agencies, some silicon valley chip makers, etc ... and some number of online commercial service bureaus, Tymshare, NCSS, IDC, etc. ... some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

For their 360/67, Stanford developed Orvyl operating system (later moved to 370)
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/spires/explain/manuals/ORVMAN.HTML

And of course, Univ. of Michigan developed MTS ... from wayback machine (also later moved to 370)
http://web.archive.org/web/20050212073808/www.itd.umich.edu/~doc/Digest/0596/feat01.html
http://web.archive.org/web/20050212073808/www.itd.umich.edu/~doc/Digest/0596/feat02.html
http://web.archive.org/web/20050212183905/www.itd.umich.edu/~doc/Digest/0596/feat03.html

note some of the CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
went to 5th flr to do Multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics
others went to the science center on the 4th, initially to do cp40/cms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

In the early 70s, at the science center, I felt that I could do anything that the multics people on the 5th flr were doing, I could do performance, dynamic adaptive resource management, paging algorithms, page-mapped filesystems, etc. IT wasn't fair to compare Multics customers against cp67/vm370 customers, or even against the number of internal corporate cp67/vm370 customers. However, one of my hobbies was producing & supporting enhanced operating systems for iternal corporate datacenters (CSC/VM). For a time, CSC/VM had about 50% more internal installations than the total number of MULTICS installations that ever existed
http://www.multicians.org/sites.html

Tymshare
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

was one of the places that I would periodically visit ... and were also regulars at the monthly Baybunch meetings held at SLAC.

also in Aug1976, Tymsare started offering their CMS-based online computer conferencing system free to (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE (I also setup with Tymshare to send me monthly copies of the VMSHARE files for distribution on internal systems) ... archive here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

Tymshare also developed their own 370-based operating system, GNOSIS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS

I was brought in to do evaluation/review of GNOSIS as part of the spinoff as KeyKOS when MD bought Tymshare.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare#Tymshare_sold_to_McDonnell_Douglas

One of the other virtual machine based online services, NCSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_CSS

offered RAMIS from Mathematica Products Group
http://www.decosta.com/Nomad/tales/history.html
In 1973, NCSS decided to fund the development of an alternative product, which in October of 1975 was released under the name NOMAD. That same month, Gerry Cohen left Mathematica and released a product called FOCUS, which he made available on Tymshare Inc's competing time-sharing system, with the promise to RAMIS users that their applications could run un-modified, and at a significant discount over NCSS' charges for RAMIS applications.

FOCUS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOCUS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
Date: 13 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest

Economists Give Up on Milton Friedman's Biggest Idea
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2016-07-26/economists-give-up-on-milton-friedman-s-biggest-idea
The idea is called the permanent income hypothesis (PIH). Friedman first put it on paper in 1957, and it still holds enormous sway in the econ profession.

...
A blow to the mathematical version of the theory came in 2006, when Georgetown economists Matthew Canzoneri, Robert Cumby and Behzad Diba wrote a paper testing the consumption Euler equation directly against real financial data -- something that, for reasons that escape me, no economist seems to have actually tried before. The equation says that when interest rates are high, people save more and consume less -- this is the way they smooth their consumption, as Friedman predicted. But Canzoneri et al. found that the opposite is true -- for whatever reason, the fact is that people tend to consume more when rates are high.

...
So it's not much of an exaggeration to say that Friedman's PIH is the cornerstone of modern macroeconomic theory. Unfortunately, there's just one small problem -- it's almost certainly wrong.

... snip ...

From "Economic Man" to Behavioral Economics
https://hbr.org/2015/05/from-economic-man-to-behavioral-economics
Irrationality's Revenge

Savage and the economist Milton Friedman wrote in 1948, the proper analogy was to an expert billiards player who didn't know the mathematical formulas governing how one ball would carom off another but "made his shots as if he knew the formulas."

Somewhat amazingly, that's where economists left things for more than 30 years. It wasn't that they thought everybody made perfect probability calculations; they simply believed that in free markets, rational behavior would usually prevail.


....
In fact our research only showed that humans are not well described by the rational-agent model." And so a new set of decision scholars began to examine whether those shortcuts our brains take are actually all that irrational."

... snip ...

Michael Lewis' Revelatory 'The Undoing Project'
https://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/technology-and-learning/michael-lewis-revelatory-undoing-project

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

$16T National Debt

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: $16T National Debt
Date: 14 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Visualizing Donald Trump's $20 Trillion Problem
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-01-12/visualizing-donald-trumps-20-trillion-problem

2002 (republican) congress lets fiscal responsibility act (from earlier republican congress, spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt) expire. 2010, CBO report was that 2003-2009 tax revenue was cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (nearly $2T/yr). 2005, US Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). since then spending has been cut, but taxes not restored, so debt continues to increase; problem also is that interest on the debt is approaching .5T/yr.

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

One of the issues is that most would refer to the whole nearly $20T ... but recently some in congress have started only referring to the debt as the amount not borrowed from the SS Trust Fund (creating appearance that they are getting ready to mount a program to stiff the SS Trust Fund).

Stockman (80s republican budget director) claims credit for accelerating increase in contributions to SS Trust Fund (that completely covers baby boomer obligations) because he wanted to "borrow" it for DOD spending ... w/o appearing to increase taxes (although it pushes it into the future because taxes will have to be increased at some point in order to pay back what is owed the SS Trust Fund for baby boomer pension obligations).

Stockman also claims credit for starting to tax social security benefits ... effectively increasing amount of taxes collected (w/o appearing to raise taxes). The issue is that SS contributions are "after tax" contributions (taxes already paid at time SS contributions are collected) ... and now are being taxed again when the benefits are paid out.

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
Date: 13 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest

disclaimer: 1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of securitized mortgages supporting documents. For reasons that I still don't completely understand, I was (also) invited to the homes of both the original 80s S&L regulator that was asked to resign (because he didn't "go along") and his replacement. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild was office bldgs in Dallus/FtWorth that turn out to be empty lots). Then last decade, they find that they can pay rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when rating agencies knew that they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documentation and they can start doing no-documentation liar loans. It was major factor in being able to do over $27T 2001-2008 (especially selling to institutions restricted to dealing only in "safe" investments, like large pension funds). From the law of unintended consequences, the largest TBTF economic mess fines so far are for the robo-signing mills fabricating the missing documents. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

There was also facade that $700B TARP funds were appropriated to buy the TBTF offbook toxic assets, but just the four largest TBTF were still carrying $5.2T ye2008. Jan2009 there was news about it was too hard to evaluate these offbook toxic assets for purchase (with TARP funds) ... but is was "too hard" because they were no-documentation, liar loans (also several tens of billions in offbook toxic assets had gone for 22cents on the dollar late summer 2008; if the offbook toxic assets had been brought back on the books at that price, the TBTF would had been declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated, just 4 largest TBTF @22cents/dollar would have booked $4T in losses). In any case, TARP was used for other purposes and the FED bought trillions in offbook toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and provided tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. FED fought long hard legal battle to prevent disclosure of what they were doing. When they lost, the FED Chairman held press conference to say that he thought the TBTF would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP fund and claims that TBTF have since been clearing $300B/annum from ZIRP funds).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate_policy
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Paying for triple-A (and immediately selling everything off), allowed lenders no longer to care about borrower's qualification and/or loan quality. Then they found they could design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims and take-out CDS gambling debts that they would fail (now they cared about loan quality, but not exactly as you would expect). The largest holder of CDS gambling bets was AIG. AIG was negotiating to payoff at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was firm formerly headed by SECTREAS.

Also from Jan2009 (decade after being asked to help try to prevent the coming economic mess), I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into '29crash, resulted in Glass-Steagall Act and criminal convictions) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (comments about enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Also from the law of unintended consequences, the original rheteric on the floor of congress was that the purpose of GLBA (before repeal of Glass-Steagall and other additions) was if you already had banking charter, you got to keep it, if you didn't, you couldn't get one (blocking competition with new more efficient and cost-effective technologies, folklore is that wallstreet paid $250M for GLBA, evenly divided between the two parties). Then when FED was handing out ZIRP funds, they had to give out banking charters to some of their friends that didn't already have them (theoritically in violation of GLBA).

The Death Of Expertise (and the Dunning-Kruger effect)
http://thefederalist.com/2014/01/17/the-death-of-expertise/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Star Trek (was Re: TV show Mannix observations)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Star Trek (was Re: TV show Mannix observations)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 14 Jan 2017 19:57:41 -0800
Michael Black <et472@ncf.ca> writes:
I was talking about Hawaiians.

But I think adventure kicked in. My great, great, great grandfather probably wasn't "poor" but he came over from Scotland to "make a fortune" and the plan had been to return. Teaching school didn't work out, so he got into the fur trade, he did well, but I don't think he had any real background for it.

I mentioned it before, a few years back there was a book about how people from Scotland have influenced the rest of the world (all those "Scottish engineers"), yet they went for the work, rather than a better life, and there was less back in Scotland to drive them out. It's not like the Irish famine.


recent facebook thread ... started out on separation of church and state, jefferson versus hamilton ... then got into "leet-men" (from crown charter, Virginia, Maryland, and Carolina, escaping was punishable by death), "Why Nations Fail", pg27:
The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social structure. At the bottom were the "leet-men," with clause 23 noting, "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations."

... snip ...

after jamestown (1607) trying to emulate spain in the new world and starved trying to enslave natives ... moved on to sending over "slaves" from "great britain":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#4 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#10 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#12 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#15 Separation church and state

and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fundamental_Constitutions_of_Carolina
The Constitutions introduced also a hereditary serfdom system, the members of which called leetmen, in addition to slavery.

... snip ...

the account of irish slave trade (mid-1600s) predates irish famine (mid 1800s) by 200 years
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Famine_(Ireland)

The Irish Slave Trade - The Forgotten "White" Slaves
http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-irish-slave-trade-the-forgotten-white-slaves/31076
From 1641 to 1652, over 500,000 Irish were killed by the English and another 300,000 were sold as slaves. Ireland's population fell from about 1,500,000 to 600,000 in one single decade. Families were ripped apart as the British did not allow Irish dads to take their wives and children with them across the Atlantic. This led to a helpless population of homeless women and children. Britain's solution was to auction them off as well.

... snip ...

Irish Slavery
https://mediachecker.wordpress.com/2014/04/01/irish-slavery/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

from old afc post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#13 Scotland, was Re: Solving the Floating-Point Goldilocks Problem!

Had watched DVD of BBC "great britain" history program that included English invading Scotland, confiscating much of the property, men that weren't killed were kicked off their land. Other than immigrating, about the only thing left for them was to enlist in the military ... later saw black adder rerun that had the line about when english see a man in a skirt, they run him through and nik his land.

... my wife's scottish "clan" had been "broken" in 1600s, then moved to ireland before moving on to the new world.

other past "leet-men" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#15 Imbecilic Constitution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#17 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#61 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#84 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#62 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#38 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#123 E.R. Burroughs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Moody's Agrees to Settle Financial Crisis-Era Claims for $864 Million

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Moody's Agrees to Settle Financial Crisis-Era Claims for $864 Million
Date: 14 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Moody's Agrees to Settle Financial Crisis-Era Claims for $864 Million
http://www.wsj.com/articles/moodys-agrees-to-settle-financial-crisis-era-claims-for-864-million-1484355287

seems small compared to the effect.

disclaimer: 1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of securitized mortgages supporting documents. Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild was office bldgs in Dallus/FtWorth that turn out to be empty lots). Then last decade, they find that they can pay rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when rating agencies knew that they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documentation and they can start doing no-documentation liar loans. It was major factor in being able to do over $27T 2001-2008 (especially selling to institutions restricted to dealing only in "safe" investments, like large pension funds). From the law of unintended consequences, the largest TBTF economic mess fines so far are for the robo-signing mills fabricating the missing documents. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

There was also facade that $700B TARP funds were appropriated to buy the TBTF offbook toxic assets, but just the four largest TBTF were still carrying $5.2T ye2008. Jan2009 there was news about it was too hard to evaluate these offbook toxic assets for purchase (with TARP funds) ... but it was "too hard" because they were no-documentation, liar loans (also several tens of billions in offbook toxic assets had gone for 22cents on the dollar late summer 2008; if the offbook toxic assets had been brought back on the books at that price, the TBTF would had been declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated, just 4 largest TBTF @22cents/dollar would have booked $4T in losses). In any case, TARP was used for other purposes and the FED bought trillions in offbook toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and provided tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. FED fought long hard legal battle to prevent disclosure of what they were doing. When they lost, the FED Chairman held press conference to say that he thought the TBTF would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP fund and claims that TBTF have since been clearing $300B/annum from ZIRP funds).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate_policy
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions

some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Paying for triple-A (and immediately selling everything off), allowed lenders no longer to care about borrower's qualification and/or loan quality. Then they found they could design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims and take-out CDS gambling debts that they would fail (now they cared about loan quality, but not exactly as you would expect). The largest holder of CDS gambling bets was AIG. AIG was negotiating to payoff at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was firm formerly headed by SECTREAS.

Also from Jan2009 (decade after being asked to help try to prevent the coming economic mess), I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into '29crash, resulted in Glass-Steagall Act and criminal convictions) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (comments about enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill). some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Also from the law of unintended consequences, the original rheteric on the floor of congress was that the purpose of GLBA (before repeal of Glass-Steagall and other additions) was if you already had banking charter, you got to keep it, if you didn't, you couldn't get one (blocking competition with new more efficient and cost-effective technologies, folklore is that wallstreet paid $250M for GLBA, evenly divided between the two parties). Then when FED was handing out ZIRP funds, they had to give out banking charters to some of their friends that didn't already have them (theoritically in violation of GLBA).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
Date: 15 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest

If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
http://www.spectator.co.uk/2017/01/if-economists-want-to-be-trusted-again-they-should-learn-to-tell-jokes/

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc72-74:
Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award–winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines.

loc1193-95:
According to economists' estimates, such collusion between asset management firms and companies is robbing a large proportion of the retirees of the company of a noticeable share of their retirement benefits. Losses for investors in small fund families with large 401(k) plans can reach more than 13 percent (Cohen and Schmidt 2009).

loc1200-1206:
There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.

... snip ...

Note the book starts out with cases of major universities firing and blackballing economists over the years, that happen to write papers that the rich&powerful found objectionable

"Inside Job" wiki page:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)
Roger Ebert described the film as "an angry, well-argued documentary about how the American financial industry set out deliberately to defraud the ordinary American investor."

Inside Job. The documentary. Online. For free.
http://www.theotherschoolofeconomics.org/?p=2499

"Who Stole The American Dream"
https://www.amazon.com/Stole-American-Dream-Hedrick-Smith-ebook/dp/B007MEWAX2/

from the review on Amazon:
This is a book full of surprises and revelations -- the accidental beginnings of the 401(k) plan, with disastrous economic consequences for many; the major policy changes that began under Jimmy Carter; how the New Economy disrupted America's engine of shared prosperity, the "virtuous circle" of growth, and how America lost the title of "Land of Opportunity." Smith documents the transfer of $6 trillion in middle-class wealth from homeowners to banks even before the housing boom went bust, and how the U.S. policy tilt favoring the rich is stunting America's economic growth.

... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

some specific economist posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#51 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#23 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#29 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#32 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#34 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#39 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#4 Another Light goes out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#11 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#62 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#20 The Big Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#57 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#44 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#50 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#77 IBM going ahead with more U.S. job cuts today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#8 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#48 Ex-Wall Street chieftains living large in post-meltdown world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#52 Lehman Brothers collapse: was capitalism to blame?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#54 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#67 Economics Has a Math Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#73 Economists' Tribal Thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#38 Ransomware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#102 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#84 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#26 How the computer transformed economics. And didn't

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hammond threatens EU with aggressive tax changes after Brexit

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Hammond threatens EU with aggressive tax changes after Brexit
Date: 15 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Hammond threatens EU with aggressive tax changes after Brexit
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/jan/15/philip-hammond-suggests-uk-outside-single-market-could-become-tax-haven

Britain is a corporate tax haven - that's why US firms are keen to uproot
https://www.theguardian.com/business/2014/jul/02/britain-corporate-tax-haven-mothercare

UK 'a tax haven for multinationals'
http://www.bbc.com/news/business-27187398

The tax haven in the heart of Britain
http://www.newstatesman.com/economy/2011/02/london-corporation-city

Amazon.com: Treasure Islands: Uncovering the Damage of Offshore Banking and Tax Havens
https://www.amazon.com/Treasure-Islands-Uncovering-Offshore-Banking-ebook/dp/B004OA6420/

corporations are people, "city of london" has some 9k "human" voters and some 32k "corporate" voters (one of the things they don't bring up is how hard it is to create corporations, effectively as a form of voter box stuffing) pg71/loc1477-79:
The City's nine thousand-odd human residents have one vote each in municipal elections here. But businesses in the City vote too, as if they were human, with thirty-two thousand corporate votes. 25 In effect, Goldman Sachs, the Bank of China, Moscow Narodny Bank, and KPMG can vote in a hugely important British election.

... snip ...

tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Moody's Agrees to Settle Financial Crisis-Era Claims for $864 Million

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Moody's Agrees to Settle Financial Crisis-Era Claims for $864 Million
Date: 15 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#33 Moody's Agrees to Settle Financial Crisis-Era Claims for $864 Million
"Ratings firm says at times it deviated from methodologies to rate mortgage bonds"

Oct2008 congressional testimony said that rating agencies were paid to give triple-A rating ... and gave "triple-A" ratings even when they knew they weren't worth "triple-A" (triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time, but it required SEC to do something.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarbanes%E2%80%93Oxley_Act

some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley

Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings ... even showing uptic after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Less well known is that SOX also included provision that SEC do something about the rating agencies (but SEC did about as much about rating agencies as they did about the fraudulent financial filings).

some more posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

Spring of 2008, some investors started to realize that it was possible to buy ratings and possibly no ratings could be trusted ... leading to freezing the muni-bond market. Warren Buffett then steps in offering muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market.

posts mentioning muni-bond insurace
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#60 Did sub-prime cause the financial mess we are in?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#11 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#77 Who first mentioned Credit Crunch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#2 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#66 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#63 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#68 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#1 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#0 S&L Crisis and Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#31 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#82 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#78 The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#0 Repealing Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#19 Banking; The Book That Will Save Banking From Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#80 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#27 Are We Nearing a Cyber Sarbanes-Oxley?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#81 Economic Mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Paper tape (was Re: Hidden Figures)

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Paper tape (was Re: Hidden Figures)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 16 Jan 2017 19:28:47 -0800
edgould1948@COMCAST.NET (Edward Gould) writes:
That is not how I remember it at all. The Carriage tape on a 1403/3211(?) was just for that machine. i.e. skip to channel x As I have said before I do not ever remember seeing any IBM device or computer that had a paper tape reader/writer. This goes back to the 360's . I just got off the phone with a friend and he does not remember it for the 14xx either.

2671 paper tape reader and 2822 paper tape reader control
http://www.beagle-ears.com/lars/engineer/comphist/c20-1684/fig089.jpg

IBM reference
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/reference/glossary_1.html
1050 [2] The 1050 system consisted of the 1051 control unit, 1052 printer-keyboard, 1053 printer, 1054 paper tape reader, 1055 paper tape punch and 1056 card reader. These various components were withdrawn from marketing between February 1974 and June 1978.

....

360 bibliograpy
http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/ibm/360/bibliography/GA22-6822-20_System_360_and_System_370_Bibliography_Jul73.pdf
GA24-3388 IBM 2671 PAPER TAPE READER. IBM 2822 PAPER TAPE READER CONTROL COMPONENT DESCRIPTION

GA33-4500 IBM SYSTEM/360 COMPONENT DESCRIPTIONS - IBM 2826 PAPER TAPE CONTROL UNIT 1017 PAPER TAPE READER 1018 PAPER TAPE PUNCH


...

1401 installation manual, pg22, fig17, ibm 1011 paper tape reader
http://ibm-1401.info/C24-1404-3-1401-Inst-Man.pdf

GC20-0032-3 System/32 bibliography pg2-4, GA21-9240 3741 reader/punch attachment feature, IBM 1017 paper tape reader
http://bitsavers.informatik.uni-stuttgart.de/pdf/ibm/system32/GC20-0032-3_System32_Bibliography_Apr78.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Paper tape (was Re: Hidden Figures)

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Paper tape (was Re: Hidden Figures)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Jan 2017 08:30:40 -0800
charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:
And 1443 (?). I had a client that had a 1403 variant that was a little slower but included a 16-or-so column card reader. You could print invoices on pre-punched cards and read the punching to make sure you were printing on the right card (no spool, obviously). It printed on "160-column" cards, that is, two 80-column cards with a tearable fold in the middle. One-half was the document the customer returned with a check; one half was for his records.

1401 was a processor, not a printer, the "commercial" machine that preceded the 360, the "all-purpose" computer. (70xx was the "scientific" series.)

Agree on the 3211.

There is just zero doubt in my mind that the 1403 printer used a "special" (not TTY-like) paper tape, solely for carriage control, not "data."


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#37 Paper tape (was Re: Hidden Figures)

we eventually put 1443 on 360/65 for keeping up with console output, things got so that 1052-7 couldn't keep up with all the messages ... and so had to be filtered down.

1401 was low/mid-range ... 70xx was high end
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_705
The IBM 700/7000 series has six completely different ways of storing data and instructions:

First (36/18-bit words): 701 (Defense Calculator)
Scientific (36-bit words): 704, 709, 7090, 7094, 7040, 7044
Commercial (variable length character strings): 702, 705, 7080
1400 series (variable length character strings): 7010
Decimal (10 digit words): 7070, 7072, 7074
Supercomputer (64-bit words): 7030 "Stretch"


...

a 360 was to merge commercial & scientific in single architecture

360s came with various additional microcode features that implemented earlier architectures
http://ibm-1401.info/1401in360.html#360-1401MicroCode

some of my old posts on 360s with microcode feature that implemented earlier architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#55 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#71 IBM tried to kill VM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#52 IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#10 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#74 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#56 You know you've been Lisp hacking to long when
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#11 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#53 You almost NEVER see these for sale, own a 360 console
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#70 History of byte addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#84 Scanning JES3 JCL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#69 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#17 System/360 celebration set for ten cities; 1964 pricing for oneweek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#15 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#73 Is it a lost cause?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

History of Mainframe Cloud

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: History of Mainframe Cloud
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 17 Jan 2017 09:06:48 -0800
posts from recent thread in mainframe mailing list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#22 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#27 History of Mainframe Cloud

and recent article from Google Cloud

Google Infrastructure Security Design Overview
https://cloud.google.com/security/security-design/
Hardware Design and Provenance

A Google data center consists of thousands of server machines connected to a local network. Both the server boards and the networking equipment are custom-designed by Google. We vet component vendors we work with and choose components with care, while working with vendors to audit and validate the security properties provided by the components. We also design custom chips, including a hardware security chip that is currently being deployed on both servers and peripherals. These chips allow us to securely identify and authenticate legitimate Google devices at the hardware level.


... snip ...

there is stuff about authentication chip in these patents ... started out for payments ... but then evolved into generalized use with any kind of situation/paradigm requiring authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

trivia, TD to DDI Information Assurance Directorate is doing assurance panel in the Trusted Computer Tract at past IDF and asks me to do a talk.
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp+s13

guy heading up TPM is in the front row, so I quip that it is nice to see that the TPM is starting to look more & more like my chip, he quips back that I don't have 200 people helping me with the design. other related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aadsstraw

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The economics of corporate crime

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The economics of corporate crime
Date: 17 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
The economics of corporate crime
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2012/07/23/the-economics-of-corporate-crime/

rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time, but it required SEC to do something.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarbanes%E2%80%93Oxley_Act
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings ... even showing uptic after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Less well known is that SOX also included provision that SEC do something about the rating agencies (but SEC did about as much about rating agencies as they did about the fraudulent financial filings). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

#2 on times list of those responsible for the "economic mess", responsible for GLBA & repeal of glass-stegall, but on the list more for preventing derivaties from being regulated (originally billed as gift for Enron)
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

When chair of CFTC suggested regulating derivatives (heavily used by ENRON), the chair was replaced by the "#2's" wife while the Senator got legislation passed preventing derivative regulation, the wife then resigns and joins ENRON board and audit committee.

1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents; securitized mortgages had been used during S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild were office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Worth that turn out to be empty lots). S&L crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

Later sellers find they can buy triple-A rating for securitized mortgages (even when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony, largely enabling over $27T done 2001-2008, "triple-A rating" trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans), goes from not caring about loan quality and borrower's qualifications to doing triple-A rated CDOs designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims, and then take out CDS/derivative gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad loans). (triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

The largest holder of the CDS/derivative gambling bets was AIG and negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the secretary of treasury steps in and says that they have to sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and forced to take TARP funds to pay off the CDS gambling bets at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formally headed by the secretary of treasury.

Jan2009 I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (senate hearings from the 30s into '29 crash that resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall, had been scanned fall of 2008) with lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (comments about enormous mountains of wallstreet cash burying capital hill). some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

History of Mainframe Cloud

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: History of Mainframe Cloud
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Jan 2017 10:32:44 -0800
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#22 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#27 History of Mainframe Cloud

and recent article from Google Cloud

Google Infrastructure Security Design Overview
https://cloud.google.com/security/security-design/
Hardware Design and Provenance

A Google data center consists of thousands of server machines connected to a local network. Both the server boards and the networking equipment are custom-designed by Google. We vet component vendors we work with and choose components with care, while working with vendors to audit and validate the security properties provided by the components. We also design custom chips, including a hardware security chip that is currently being deployed on both servers and peripherals. These chips allow us to securely identify and authenticate legitimate Google devices at the hardware level.


... snip ...

there is stuff about authentication chip in these patents ... started out for payments ... but then evolved into generalized use with any kind of situation/paradigm requiring authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

trivia, TD to DDI Information Assurance Directorate is doing assurance panel in the Trusted Computer Tract at past IDF and asks me to do a talk.
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp+s13

guy heading up TPM is in the front row, so I quip that it is nice to see that the TPM is starting to look more & more like my chip, he quips back that I don't have 200 people helping me with the design. other related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aadsstraw

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Peak Savings: Wall Street Faces 20 Years Of Retirement Withdrawals As Boomers Hit 70 1/2

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Peak Savings: Wall Street Faces 20 Years Of Retirement Withdrawals As Boomers Hit 70 1/2
Date: 17 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Peak Savings: Wall Street Faces 20 Years Of Retirement Withdrawals As Boomers Hit 70 1/2
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-01-16/peak-savings-us-demographic-time-bomb-ready-explode-boomers-hit-70-12-years

to return to the fiscal responsibility act ... there would require restoring the $1T cut from 2002, .... then adding 1/2 trillion for the interest on the $20T debt that was created by letting the act expire, than adding another 1/2 trillion to begin paying down that debt created (@.5T/yr will take 40yrs). Thats brings it to $2T/year increase in tax revenue.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

2002, republican congress lets the fiscal responsibility act (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt, from earlier republican congress) lapse. 2010 CBO report that 2003-2009, tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T or $12T gab compared to fiscal responsible budget (nearly $2T/year). since then taxes haven't been restored and only modest reductions in spending so debt continues to increase.

Baby Boomers (birth boom) is characterized as being four times as large as the previous generation and twice as large as the following generation. During peak working years, baby boomers were contributing more to SS Trust Fund (building up principal for their retirement) than benefits were being paid out to the previous generations. Past administrations have been using that principal to pay for other things. With baby boomers retirement the situation will flip and baby boomer benefits will exceed contributions by the following generations. So there is big upfront requirement to pay down the debt, restoring the baby boomer principal in the SS Trust Fund.

However, last decade there was also other major diversion of infrastructure funds for other purposes. There is another $1T/yr increase in tax revenue required (or $3T/year increase in tax revenue) just to restore status quo to fiscal responsibility act.

Visualizing Donald Trump's $20 Trillion Problem
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-01-12/visualizing-donald-trumps-20-trillion-problem

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How To Fix Executive Compensation And CEO Pay In Corporate America

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How To Fix Executive Compensation And CEO Pay In Corporate America
Date: 18 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
more on IBM stock-buyback marathon

How To Fix Executive Compensation And CEO Pay In Corporate America
http://seekingalpha.com/article/4037791-fix-executive-compensation-ceo-pay-corporate-america
Multi-million Dollar Carrots

At IBM, net operating earnings account for 70% percent of the senior executives' performance-based incentives, with the remaining 30% based on free cash flow, according to the company's proxy statement. This is a juicy, multimillion dollar carrot dangling in front of the top brass at IBM, galvanizing them to focus on boosting earnings per share - for which there is a shortcut: buying back company stock. When a company repurchases its own stock, it is reducing the number of outstanding shares in the market, artificially boosting earnings per share and, in turn, padding executives' pockets.


... snip ...

stock-buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New Rule Cracks Down on Corporate Muzzling of Whistleblowers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: New Rule Cracks Down on Corporate Muzzling of Whistleblowers
Date: 19 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
New Rule Cracks Down on Corporate Muzzling of Whistleblowers
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2017/01/new-rule-cracks-down-on-corporate-muzzling-whistleblowers.html

The congressional Madoff hearings had testimony from the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff. He was asked if new regulations were needed, he replied that while new regulations might be needed, much more important would be transparency (since SEC was doing little about regulations any way, note: SEC hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in).

With respect to Sarbanes-Oxley, he pointed out that whistleblowers/tips turn up 13 times more fraud than audits and while SEC had a 1-800 number for corporations to complain about audits, but didn't have a whistleblower/tip line.

posts mentioning Madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Western Union Admits Anti-Money Laundering and Consumer Fraud Violations, Forfeits $586 Million in Settlement with Justice Department and Federal Trade Commission

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Western Union Admits Anti-Money Laundering and Consumer Fraud Violations, Forfeits $586 Million in Settlement with Justice Department and Federal Trade Commission
Date: 20 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Western Union Admits Anti-Money Laundering and Consumer Fraud Violations, Forfeits $586 Million in Settlement with Justice Department and Federal Trade Commission
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/western-union-admits-anti-money-laundering-and-consumer-fraud-violations-forfeits-586-million

In the 90s, WU wasn't doing so well and was acquired by First Financial. It the late 90s, WU become part of FDC with the merger of First Financial and FDC. However with the enormous increase in illegal workers after 2000, WU business exploded and by 2005 it was half of FDC's bottom line. Possibly in part because the President of Mexico invited FDC executives to visit Mexico to be thrown in jail, WU was spun off in 2005.

In theory, "deferred prosecution" with just fines ... is suppose to throw the book at them if repeated ... however there have been a significant number of repeated "deferred prosecution" cases across the financial industry (especially TBTF) effectively ignoring previous offenses. It isn't just money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, but also economic mess, manipulating LIBOR, FOREX, commodity markets, tax evasion, robo-signing mills fabricating mortgage document, selling securitized mortgages created to fail and other criminal activities. The joke has become that it is just part of the cost of running criminal enterprise.

money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
"too big to fail" (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
tax evasion (tax avoidance, tax havens)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer
Date: 20 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer
http://www.zdnet.com/article/hidden-figures-and-the-ibm-7090-computer/

I was computer geek as undergraduate and the univ. hires me fulltime to be responsible for their systems (started with 709+1401 and transitioned to 360/67 ... although most of the time ran as 360/65 with os/360). Then while still undergraduate, Boeing hires me fulltime for small corporate hdqtrs group to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate Boeing dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities, sort of early cloud operation ... just Renton datacenter had something like $300M in 360s ... 60s dollars, for a time, 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed, 747#3 was flying the skies of seattle getting FAA certification).

Boeing told story at 360 announce Boeing ordered a whole boatload of 360s from a salesman that didn't know what 360 was. IBM sales was on straight commission and the salesman earned more than the executives ... prompting IBM to eventually change to quota system. After change to quota, Boeing ordered a whole bunch more 360s and salesman made quota by the end of January and they adjust his quota ... and he leaves.

I thot Renton was possibly largest IBM datacenter in the world ... however calculation was that being w/o Renton for a week would cost the company more than the Renton datacenter ... there was disaster scenario where Mt. Rainier heats up and the mud slide takes out the Renton datacenter ... so they were preparing to replicate it at the new 747 plant up at Paine field.

Later I would sponsor John Boyd's briefings at IBM. Boyd had been very vocal about sensors across trail in Vietnam wouldn't work ... possibly as punishment he was put in command of spook base (about the time I was at Boeing). His biography describes spook base as $2.5B windfall for IBM (compared to $300M for Renton, which possibly helped offset the enormous amounts dumped down the hole with Future System project).

spook base ... gone 404 but still lives at wayback
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html
Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Univ. had gotten a 360/30 to replace 1401 as part of transition to 360/67. 1401 ran MPIO which did card->tape and tape->printer/punch front end to 709 (that ran tape->tape). The 360/30 had 1401 hardware emaulation and coule run MPIO directly. My 1st job was to rewrite MPIO for 360/30 from scratch. Got to design & implement my own monitor, device drivers, interrupt handling, storage management, process scheduling, etc.

lists that 7094 CTSS had 2741 & 1052 terminals ... using golfball mechanism from ibm selectric typewriters
http://multicians.org/thvv/7094.html
selectric typewriters launched in 1961
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/ibm100/us/en/icons/selectric/

note some of the CTSS people went to the 5th flr to do Multics. Others went to the ibm science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, internal network, lots of online stuff, lots of performance stuff. virtual machines, cp40/cms was originally done on 360/40 with virtual memory hardware modifications. cp40/cms morphs into cp67/cms when 360/67 with virtual memory standard becomes available.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#54tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online asubtopic.html t home since Mar1970

Putting The Times's First Email Address to Bed

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Putting The Times's First Email Address to Bed
Date: 20 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Putting The Times's First Email Address to Bed
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/20/insider/putting-the-timess-first-email-address-to-bed.html

Ed had been responsible for internal network at IBM Cambridge Science center (technology also used for the corporate sponsored university BITNET) ... then in 77 we both moved to San Jose Research
http://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm

in early 80s, we were working with director of NSF and suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happens and finally NSF releases RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The director of NSF tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other agencies) but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses).
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

triva: in the early 80s we had T1 & faster speed links when we were working on connecting the NSF supercomputer centers. Finally in the late 80s the NSF RFP called for T1 links, the winning bid actually put in 440kbit/sec links and then presumably to make it look like they were meeting the RFP ... they put in T1 trunks with telco multiplexors running multiple 440kbit links.

more trivia: GML was invented at the (same) IBM cambridge science center in 1969, a decade later it morphs into ISO SGML, and after another decade it morphs into HTML at CERN. The first webserver in the US is at the CERN sister lab SLAC, on their virtual machine system (also invented at the IBM cambridge science center in the mid-60s)
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
past nsfnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

4361 at livingcomputers.org

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: 4361 at livingcomputers.org
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 20 Jan 2017 14:02:06 -0800

http://www.livingcomputers.org/

is looking for help/assistance

forwarded:
We have a 4361 we recently purchased in running condition from the original owner in Sacramento. Our plan is to put VM/370 (or possibly VM/SP, we have an in within IBM who is working on that) on the system and run it as one of our publicly available online systems. It's currently configured for DOS/VS.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
Date: 20 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
http://evonomics.com/how-financial-parasites-and-debt-bondage/?utm_content=buffer318b1
If you look at the Forbes 100 or 500 lists of each nation's richest people, most made their fortunes through insider dealing to obtain land, mineral rights or monopolies. If you look at American history, early real estate fortunes were made by insiders bribing the British Colonial governors. The railroad barrens bribed Congressmen and other public officials to let them privatize the railroads and rip off the country.

... snip ...

Killing the Host
https://www.amazon.com/Killing-Host-Financial-Parasites-Bondage-ebook/dp/B014IAV9MK/

income inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

(railroad) robber baron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

some rent-seeking posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#13 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#16 There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#23 How Generation Y is paying the price for baby boomer pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#53 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Finance Is Not the Economy

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Finance Is Not the Economy
Date: 20 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Finance Is Not the Economy
http://evonomics.com/finance-is-not-the-economy-bezemer-hudson/

1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents; securitized mortgages had been used during S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild were office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Worth that turn out to be empty lots).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

Later sellers find they can buy triple-A rating from rating agencies for securitized mortgages (even when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony) largely enabling over $27T done 2001-2008, "triple-A rating" trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans, no longer needing to care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality. Then they find they can do toxic CDOs designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims, and then take out CDS/derivative gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad loans, now they cared about borrowers' qualification but not in the traditional way).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

The largest holder of the CDS/derivative gambling bets was AIG and negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the secretary of treasury steps in and says that they have to sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and forced to take TARP funds to pay off the CDS gambling bets at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formally headed by the secretary of treasury.

Claim is that during the period (2001-2008) "finance" tripled in size (as percent of GDP, huge skimming off the $27+T). NY state comptroller also released statistics that wallstreet bonuses spiked over 400% during the period.

past posts mentioning increase in finance industry (as percent of GDP) and/or wallstreet bonuses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#70 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#6 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#8 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#16 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#28 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#33 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#15 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#47 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#24 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#24 What Is MERS and What Role Does It Have in the Foreclosure Mess?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#34 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#7 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#43 Massive Fraud, Common Crime, No Prosecutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#71 Pressing Obama, House Bars Rise for Debt Ceiling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#22 Is BitCoin a triple entry system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#13 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#24 rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#135 Estimate that WW1 cost $52B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#32 Wall Street Bonuses May Reach Lowest Level in 3 Years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#65 Why Wall Street Should Stop Whining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#30 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#42 Who Increased the Debt?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#7 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#41 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#26 Why bankers rule the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#73 These Two Charts Show How The Priorities Of US Companies Have Gotten Screwed Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#4 Libor Lies Revealed in Rigging of $300 Trillion Benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#9 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#35 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#41 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#66 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#67 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#94 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#45 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#86 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#9 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#107 Bank of America to pay $9.3 billion to settle mortgage bond claims
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#106 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#22 Two New Papers Say Big Finance Sectors Hurt Growth and Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#23 How Generation Y is paying the price for baby boomer pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#88 Finance Is Not the Economy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Not-So-Secret Way to Kill an F-22 or F-35 Stealth Fighter

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Not-So-Secret Way to Kill an F-22 or F-35 Stealth Fighter
Date: 20 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
The Not-So-Secret Way to Kill an F-22 or F-35 Stealth Fighter
http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/the-not-so-secret-way-kill-f-22-or-f-35-stealth-fighter-19107

significant increases in "signal processing" improving resolution of VHF/UHF radar for targeting:
There are also several other techniques that can be used to compress a radar pulse such as phase shift keying. Indeed, according to Pietrucha, the technology for pulse compression is decades old and was taught to Air Force electronic warfare officers during the 1980s. The computer processing power required for this is negligible by current standards, Pietrucha said.

... snip ...

some articles that F-35 is compensating for limited offensive by lots more electronics .... however, the last couple weeks there has been some written about China also deploying passive radar that can key off all the transmissions coming from F-35.

2011, there was lots about F35 taking at least 25years from start to deploy ... and about a decade ago, the chinese danced through defense networks acquiring detailed specs for dozen advanced weapons programs .... including F-35. They've had a decade developing their own versions from the details specs ... but also a decade developing countermeasures from the detailed F35 specs.

military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

some past posts on radar signal processing:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#53 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#40 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#75 Excellent and recommended
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#58 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#75 American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#55 How to Kill the F-35 Stealth Fighter; It all comes down to radar ... and a big enough missile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#22 Iran Can Now Detect U.S. Stealth Jets at Long Range
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TV Show "Hill Street Blues"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: TV Show "Hill Street Blues"
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 20 Jan 2017 20:45:09 -0800
maus <mausg@mail.com> writes:
London is suffering from this, as well, rich Arabs investing, and specifying that the houses are empty, but massive security.

Hammond threatens EU with aggressive tax changes after Brexit
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/jan/15/philip-hammond-suggests-uk-outside-single-market-could-become-tax-haven
Britain is a corporate tax haven - that's why US firms are keen to uproot
https://www.theguardian.com/business/2014/jul/02/britain-corporate-tax-haven-mothercare
UK 'a tax haven for multinationals'
http://www.bbc.com/news/business-27187398
The tax haven in the heart of Britain
http://www.newstatesman.com/economy/2011/02/london-corporation-city
Amazon.com: Treasure Islands: Uncovering the Damage of Offshore Banking and Tax Havens
https://www.amazon.com/Treasure-Islands-Uncovering-Offshore-Banking-ebook/dp/B004OA6420/

pg71/loc1477-79:
The City's nine thousand-odd human residents have one vote each in municipal elections here. But businesses in the City vote too, as if they were human, with thirty-two thousand corporate votes. 25 In effect, Goldman Sachs, the Bank of China, Moscow Narodny Bank, and KPMG can vote in a hugely important British election.

... snip ...

one of the issues is how much does it cost to setup additional corporations ... something like ballot box stuffing (would you have various corporate interests trying to create more corporate voters competing other corporate interest) ... not just that corporations are people and have rights under the constitution ... but they also have the vote.

tax evasion (tax avoidance, tax havens)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
Date: 20 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#49 How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#50 Finance Is Not the Economy

parasite may be too benign, possibly something like cross between vampire squid and python ... both sucking & squeezing life out of victims.

trivia: from the law of unintended consequences; the largest fines so far related to the economic mess are for the TBTF robo-signing mills fabricating the documents for the no-document liar loans.

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

HOW WALL STREET'S RENT-SEEKING VAMPIRE SQUID SUCKS ALL LIFE OUT OF THE ECONOMY
http://www.economonitor.com/lrwray/2013/07/22/how-wall-streets-rent-seeking-vampire-squid-sucks-all-life-out-of-the-economy/
The Vampire Squid financialized everything and buried all economic activity under mountains of debt: Developing nation debt; Junk Bond King Michael Milken and LBOs; Charles Keating and his Quintet of Crooked Senators (Hello, John McCain! Read the details of Keating's attempt to put a contract on my colleague, Bill Black

... snip ...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

VP and former CIA director claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

the original S&L regulator refused to "go along" and was asked to resign so the president could appoint somebody that would go along.
http://www.amazon.com/Two-Trillion-Dollar-Meltdown-Rollers-ebook/dp/B0097DE7DM/
including loc655-67:
By the time Pratt had finished, it was possible for a single individual to take control of an S&L, then organize and lend to multiple subsidiaries -- for land acquisition, construction, building management, and the like -- and create his own small real estate empire entirely with depositors' money.

... snip ...

trivia: I was introduced to both the original S&L regulator and his replacement mentioned above ... apparently as part of being asked to help and try to prevent the coming economic mess.

The S&L crises corresponds approximately with the start of the destruction of the middle class
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday

S&L crises
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why the Pursuit of Shareholder Value Kills Innovation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why the Pursuit of Shareholder Value Kills Innovation
Date: 21 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#43 How To Fix Executive Compensation And CEO Pay In Corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#49 How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#50 Finance Is Not the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#53 How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy

Why the Pursuit of Shareholder Value Kills Innovation
http://evonomics.com/pursuit-shareholder-value-kills-innovation/

The Dumbest Idea In The World: Maximizing Shareholder Value
http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2011/11/28/maximizing-shareholder-value-the-dumbest-idea-in-the-world/

from above:
In the today's paradoxical world of maximizing shareholder value, which Jack Welch himself has called "the dumbest idea in the world", the situation is the reverse. CEOs and their top managers have massive incentives to focus most of their attentions on the expectations market, rather than the real job of running the company producing real products and services.

... snip ...

Why the "Maximizing Shareholder Value" Theory of Corporate Governance is Bogus
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

from above:
If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in particular.


... snip ...

How To Fix Executive Compensation And CEO Pay In Corporate America
http://seekingalpha.com/article/4037791-fix-executive-compensation-ceo-pay-corporate-america
Multi-million Dollar Carrots

At IBM, net operating earnings account for 70% percent of the senior executives' performance-based incentives, with the remaining 30% based on free cash flow, according to the company's proxy statement. This is a juicy, multimillion dollar carrot dangling in front of the top brass at IBM, galvanizing them to focus on boosting earnings per share - for which there is a shortcut: buying back company stock. When a company repurchases its own stock, it is reducing the number of outstanding shares in the market, artificially boosting earnings per share and, in turn, padding executives' pockets.


... snip ...

I use to sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM and in briefings, he would comment about former military officers starting to contaminate US corporate cultures with their rigid, top-down, command&control structure (& only those at the very top knew what they were doing).

Scenario is that at entry to WW2, US has to deploy large numbers with little or no skills and experience ... the rigid, top-down, command&control structure was used to leverage the few skilled resources available. Boyd would compare 11% (growing to nearly 20%) US officers to maintain rigid, top-down command&control structure, compared to 3% (or less) for German army. Note it wasn't just former military officers contaminating US corporate culture ... but about the same time, news articles started to appear that MBAs were starting to destroy US corporate culture with myopic focus on quarterly results (possibly some synergy between MBAs and former military officers with simplistic, single, near-term, quarterly results objective).

trivia: 1990, commandant of Marine Corps leveraged Boyd for make-over of the corp and still sponsors Boyd meetings at marine corp university.

& from Stockman's "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

stock-buyback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

past refs: to shareholder value:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#9 The Dumbest Idea In The World: Maximizing Shareholder Value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#84 3Q earnings are becoming the norm at IBM. What is IBM management overlooking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55 Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#65 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Comanche Empire

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Comanche Empire
Date: 22 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Comanche Empire
http://www.amazon.com/Comanche-Empire-Lamar-Western-History-ebook/dp/B001HZZ05C/
In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, a Native American empire rose to dominate the fiercely contested lands of the American Southwest, the southern Great Plains, and northern Mexico. This powerful empire, built by the Comanche Indians, eclipsed its various European rivals in military prowess, political prestige, economic power, commercial reach, and cultural influence. Yet, until now, the Comanche empire has gone unrecognized in American history.

... snip ...

... describes very sophisticated nation that frequently was more capable than the spanish they were dealing with and later played off the spanish, French, and Americans. First they fell victim to diseases killing off large percentage of their population. In the later part of 1800s the US Army decided that they were no match for the warriors ... instead attacking villages, slaughtering non-combatants (women, children, old men)

Generals South, Generals North: The Commanders of the Civil War Reconsidered
http://www.amazon.com/Generals-South-North-Commanders-Reconsidered-ebook/dp/B012A1WML6/
Despite the mixed results of his approach to cavalry and the moral ambiguity (in the Indian Wars verging on genocide) of his policy of waging war on civilians, it cannot be denied that Sheridan was a superb leader of troops, a fine tactician, and an aggressive fighter, who was especially effective in forcing Lee to surrender his Army of Northern Virginia in the closing weeks of the Civil War.

... snip ...

... history written by the winners ... aided by disease and genocide

British originally tried to emulate the Spanish for North America starting with Jamestown (1607), those sent over had no background in self-sufficient, planning on enslaving local population, however natives weren't amenable to enslaving and the settlement starves. British eventually then started sending over select members from British Isles as slaves, from crown charters for colonies (part of what Jefferson was trying to change and fighting against):
The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social structure. At the bottom were the "leet-men," with clause 23 noting, "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations."

"As North America developed, English elites tried time and time again to set up institutions that would heavily restrict the economic and political rights for all but a privileged few of the inhabitants of the colony"


something Jefferson thot he had to constantly fight against. Part of the strategy from Britain ... was that the church had been enlisted to help maintain rigid social structure. The "Spanish" model they were trying to emulate:
The full gamut of encomienda, mita, repartimiento, and trajin was designed to force indigenous people's living standards down to a subsistence level and thus extract all income in excess of this for Spaniards. This was achieved by expropriating their land, forcing them to work, offering low wages for labor services, imposing high taxes, and charging high prices for goods that were not even voluntarily bought. Though these institutions generated a lot of wealth for the Spanish Crown and made the conquistadors and their descendants very rich, they also turned Latin America into the most unequal continent in the world and sapped much of its economic potential

... snip ...

inequality
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

posts mentioning Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#14 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#44 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#45 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#48 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#92 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
Date: 22 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
This aired on cspan3 yesterday, talks about extraordinary cooperation between US & Russia military in the 90s.

25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
https://www.c-span.org/video/?419918-3/implementation-nunnlugar-act

sharp contrast to .... Fareed Zakaria interview with Kissinger a few weeks ago had running ticker at the bottom somewhat paraphrasing Kissnger (because he was somewhat hard to hear?). Fareed was asking Kissinger about Putin, referring to Kissinger having 30 or so meetings with Putin. At one point Fareed said something about clarifying what Kissinger had said (which was reflected in the ticker at the bottom) and Kissinger said not at all ... and explained what he met (which was not reflected in the ticker).

Kissinger somewhat indirectly referred to this theme about "Harvard being responsible for the rise of Putin" (i.e. Russia needed strongman to oppose the westerners that seemed intent on looting the country). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."

past posts "Harvard being responsible for the rise of Putin?"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#11 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#98 Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#70 Department of Defense Head Ashton Carter Enlists Silicon Valley to Transform the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#91 Happy Dec-10 Day!!!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#16 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#73 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#59 How Putin Weaponized Wikileaks to Influence the Election of an American President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#105 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#92 The Lessons of Henry Kissinger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TV Show "Hill Street Blues"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: TV Show "Hill Street Blues"
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 23 Jan 2017 11:41:57 -0800
Mark Storkamp <mstorkamp@yahoo.com> writes:
In the early '80s (back to the Hill Street Blues era) my brother lived in Alaska. Talking to him was a PITA since a call to up there was half-duplex over a satellite with a long delay, and what ever side was louder got priority. He had a noisy squawking parrot.

IBM got COMSAT & AETNA into SBS as equal partners. Part of the problem was that it was dominated by the IBM communication group (there is folklore that while SBS had continuous large losses, IBM turned a profit ... because the money it off gear sold SBS was more than its 1/3rd of SBS losses, there is some story that when SBS finally folded, IBM also reimbursed COMSAT & AETNA for their losses).

The original purpose was supposedly for computer communication ... but the technology was so dominated by IBM communication group that they couldn't make a profitable business out of it ... so the focus change to telephone communication and for awhile SBS was heavily into consumer satellite telephone business.

Part of the communication group problem was that SNA had fixed, small windowing protocol (small number of outstanding packets) ... which made very inefficient use of satellite bandwidth. It also had fixed time-out ... which barely tolerated single hop ... but double hop (west cost->east coast->europe & back) exceed time-out and wouldn't work at all.

I got sucked into designing/developing communication system for SBS ... had TDMA prototype/pilot with 4.5M dishes in the back of the los gatos lab (on the west coast) and yorktown research (on the east coast) and 7M dish in austin. Ran dynamic rate-based pacing (instead of window) ... so it easily dynamically filled and managed whatever latency happened to be ... at whatever speed/bandwidth.

Standard satellite TDMA schedules would simulate full-duplex, symmetric terrestrial data links with superblock packet/transmission schedules. We were moving to dual-simplex with dynamic asymmetric bandwidth ... adjusting TDMA schedules on superblock boundaries ... independently adjusting bandwidth as requirements required (and not needing to be symmetric).

The next stage was going to be computer interface board directly digitally w/o going thru V.35 or RS422 interface.

part of my HSDT effort ran over this network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

trivia: i was also on the XTP protocol technical advisory board and this is dynamic rate-based pacing I wrote up for XTP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/xtprate.html

past posts mentioning XTP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

The other problem that the communication group had was that their mainframe controller box only supported up to 56kbits/sec. By the mid-80s, their was increasing pressure for them to do something ... but there was no obvious way to fix the problem. One of their tactics was that they generated report for the corporate executive committee showing that customers didn't really want much more than 56kbits and wouldn't be needing T1/1.5mbits until well into the 90s.

Their controller box support "fat pipes" ... where box could be configured to simulate single link using multiple, parallel 56kbit links. They surveyed customer "fat pipe" use and found no customers with more than five parallel 56kbit "fat pipes". What they didn't bother to explain was at the time, TELCO tarif charged about the same for a T1 as 5 or 6 56kbit links ... aka when customers got to 256kbit/sec or so ... they switched to T1 and used non-IBM box.

They were also spreading mis-information about how IBM mainframe VTAM could be used for the NSF(NET) RFP ... which called for T1. Somebody collected much of this mis-information and forwarded to us ... from long ago and far away, heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

Finally, they came out with 3737 controller ... supposedly supporting T1 ... it had a bunch of 68k microprocessors and boatload of memory simulating local CTCA (channel-to-channel) connection ... local 3737 would immediately ACK mainframe packet (as if it had already arrived at the remote mainframe) ... basically it was using the bunch of 68Ks to simulate the remote mainframe VTAM ... and then doing actual transmission in the background (to compensate for all the SNA/VTAM protocol and operational deficiencies)

Even with all the 3737 68Ks, it peaked out at about 2mbit/sec aggregate ... US T1/1.5mbit/sec fullduplex ... is 3mbit/sec aggregate ... and EU T1/2mbit/sec fullduplex is 4mbit/sec aggregate.

some past 3737 refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005

past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#77 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#2 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#54 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck? (Part One)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#103 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 24 Jan 2017 09:44:07 -0800
Bob Eager <news0006@eager.cx> writes:
Yes, we got a VAXcluster (the base CPU power of an 8800, running SMP, was a bit under the IBM offering, so they chucked in a couple of 8200s). In fact, since it was on VMS 4.6, it couldn't do SMP anyway, and didn't for years.

old reference to announce of "real" VMS SMP ("DEC Stalks Big Game with Symmetrical VMS")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email880329

old reference with decade of vax sales, sliced&diced by year, model, etc (8800, 30-1986, 170-1987)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

We had started IBM HA/CMP project with RS/6000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

... including working with some of the "open system" RDBMS vendors, old reference to Jan1992 meeting in ellison's conference room on cluster scaleup http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

that had VMS/cluster support in their same source base ... to ease port, I did API for global lock manager that emulated the VMS/cluster semantics. The implementation also benefited from list that the RDBMS vendors had about what VMS/cluster could have done better.

Then at ACM SIGOPS conference, I got in dustup with Jim Gray ... a decade earlier, I had worked with Jim at San Jose Research on the original SQL/relational implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

the dust-up was over whether you could do high-availability with "commodity" systems (at the time he was working for DEC DBMS). Then when DEC DBMS was sold to Oracle, he took a sabbatical ... and then shows up as head of Microsoft San Francisco Research. I got my "revenge" when he shows up on stage with CEO of Microsoft announcing microsoft high-availability on intel platforms.

As I've mentioned before, within a few weeks of the Jan1992 Ellison meeting, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY* (we had also been working with national labs on cluster scaleup uses), and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. Contributing was that the mainframe DB2 group were complaining if I was allowed to go ahead, it would be at least 5yrs ahead of what they were doing.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 24 Jan 2017 10:17:16 -0800
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
I'm sorry - but it was quite common for IBM customers to tweek the OS. Significantly in many cases. I don't doubt that many also had custom block-mux channels for various purposes.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900

that got a lot more difficult with the OCO-wars (ibm stop providing source). in the wake of various legal actions, ibm has the 23jun1969 "unbundling" announcement ... starting to charge for software, maintenance, SE services, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

... however, IBM managed to make the case that kernel software should still be free. during the FS period (was completely different than 360/370 and was completely replace 360/370), 370 efforts were being shutdown. The lack of 370 offerings during the FS period is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

when FS imploded, there was a mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 pipelines ... that contributed to decision to release a bunch of 370 stuff I had been doing all during the FS period (I would also periodically ridicule FS activities, which wasn't exactly career enhancing).

In the morph of CP67 to VM370 there was lots of stuff dropped that I had been doing back to time I was undergraduate. I then migrated a bunch of the stuff to VM370 and one of my hobbies was providing production enhanced operating systems for internal data centers ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

at the time "csc/vm" was running on couple hundred systems. A lot of my stuff was picked up for vm370 release 3. However, the rise of clone processors also motivated the decision to transition to charging for kernel software ... and bunch of my stuff (kernel reorg for SMP, but not SMP support itself, redo of paging & virtual memory support, and dynamic adaptive resource management) was selected as guinea pig
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

IBM went thru transition period ... that previous kernel software was still free, but increasingly amounts were charged for ... until switched to all kernel software was priced. Then came the "OCO-wars" where source was no longer shipped. Part of the IBM argument was that customer changes inhibited moving customers to new versions of software and hardware models (possibly even software that was increasingly difficult to run on clone processors).

trivia: TYMSHARE started offering their (vm370) CMS-based online computer conferencing to (IBM mainframe user group) SHARE for free as VMSHARE in Aug1976. The VMSHARE archives are here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

which includes some amount of customer discussions about the OCO-wars ... some past posts referencing VMSHARE archive OCO-war discussions.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#5 History of C
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#21 need a firewall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#67 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#15 Data Areas Manuals to be dropped
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#8 Open z/Architecture or Not
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#9 Open z architecture and Linux questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#66 OCO, documentation, support from IBM-Main, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#29 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#20 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#30 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#31 How smart do you need to be to be really good with Assembler?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#55 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years ago today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#45 the nonsuckage of source, was MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#35 BBC News - Microsoft fixes '19-year-old' bug with emergency patch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#59 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 24 Jan 2017 10:38:59 -0800
hancock4 writes:
Back then some customers had emotional prejudices which influenced their selection of computer. As we know, many customers felt, "you never get fired for buying IBM", and went that way, even if the price/performance/quality might have been better with alternatives. On the other hand, there were some customers who disliked IBM for various reasons, and refused to consider an IBM machine.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#59 The ICL 2900

I had co-worker at IBM Research that left and was doing a lot of consulting work in silicon valley. For a long time, he had major chip design customer ... working for the Senior VP for Engineering (that had started using cp67/cms as young silicon valley engineer in the 60s). He had done port of AT&T C compiler to vm370/cms with a lot of 370 performance optimizations and ported a lot of UCB chip design tools.

He was then doing ethernet support ... for connecting SGI graphics terminals to backup 370 "server". The IBM salesman came by and asked him what he was doing. The IBM salesman then told him that he should do token-ring support instead ... or he might find that mainframe service wouldn't be as timely as it had been in the past. I then got an hour phone call that involved a lot of four letter words. The next morning the senior VP of Engineering held press conference to announce that they were moving off IBM mainframes to sun servers.

Then there was a lot of internal task-forces looking at technical reasons that chip industry was moving off IBM mainframes ... totally ignoring the salesman issue.

We saw something similar from the communication group with internal politics (sna, vtam, token-ring, etc) ... recent post mentioning internal politics preventing us from bidding on NSFNET (precursor to modern internet).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#47 Putting The Times's First Email Address to Bed
other past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

also for various reasons the original mainframe TCP/IP product appeared to be significantly crippled (possibly to make sure that sna/vtam was faster). I then did the changes to support RFC1044 ... and in some tests at cray research between 4341 and cray ... demonstrated sustained channel media throughput using only modest amount of 4341 CPU (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#rfc1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 24 Jan 2017 14:18:54 -0800
Rich Alderson <news@alderson.users.panix.com> writes:
Which was greeted with hoots of laughter from the (sadly moribund) 36-bit DEC customers, who had SMP on the PDP-10 architecture nearly a decade earlier. :-(

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#60 The ICL 2900

I periodically mention that Charlie had invented compare&swap when he was working on CP67 fine-grain kernel multiprocessing locking at the science center (came up with compare&swap because CAS are Charlie's initials)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

in the initial morph from CP67 to VM370 lots of my stuff was dropped (back to my days as undergraduate) ... but also SMP support.

we had a number of projects to put SMP support into VM370 ... thus my upthread comment about including kernel reorg for SMP ... but not actual SMP support itself.

however the kernel reorg stuff was included as part of my "charged-for" resource manager (as well as bunch of my other stuff) ... during the transition period, older kernel code and hardware support would still be free ... but could charge for new (non-hardware) support kernel software. The problem with shipping SMP support in VM370 Release 4 (for free) was that the kernel reorged needed for SMP support was already part of my charged for kernel add-on. The eventual resolution was to moved nearly 90% of the code from my charged for kernel add-on into the free kernel base (w/o changing the price for my kernel add-on).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

also, the initial effort to get compare&swap added to 370 architecture was rebuffed, the POK favorite son operating system people saying that test&set (from 360) days was more than adequate. The 370 architecture owners said that to justify compare&swap for 370 ... uses other than just kernel SMP locking was required ... thus was born the descriptions (still in appendix of principles of operation) for use by large multi-thread applications (like large DBMS transaction systems). In the 80s, you start to see other plaforms implementing compare&swap (or instructions with similar semantics) for large multi-thread commercial applications.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
Date: 24 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://wolfstreet.com/2017/01/23/big-shrink-to-hire-25000-in-the-us-as-layoffs-pile-up/

a couple years ago, mainframe hardware revenue was something like 4% and dropping, while total mainframe group (including software & services) was 25% of total IBM revenue and 40% of profit ... basically milking the (dying?) cash cow.

mid-80s, top executives were predicting that IBM revenue would double primarily based on mainframes ... and they had massive internal bldg. program to double mainframe gear manufacturing capacity (business was already start to go in the other direction, but it wasn't exactly career enhancing to point it out). They also had massive number of "fast-track" MBAs rotating between executive and middle management positions ... getting ready for the company to double. A few years later the company goes into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company.

We had left the company but was called by somebody in the bowels of armonk if we could help with the breakup ... turns out that lots of business units had MOUs to use supplier contracts in other business units ... these all had to be identified/cataloged and turned into contracts of their own, as part of the breakup (new CEO was brought in to resurrect the company and reverse the breakup before we got started).

We had been hearing that top executives weren't paying attention to the business but busily shifting expenses from the following year into the year that company went into the red. We later asked our contact in Armonk about this. He explains that that the year company went into the red, executives wouldn't get their bonus ... but if they could shift enough expenses from the following year ... the following year will be moved barely into the black .... and the way the executive bonus plan was written, they would then get a bonus more than twice as large as the largest bonus ever given (effectively getting paid for taking the company into the red).

past posts referencing 40% of profit:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#7 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#67 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#13 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#25 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#24 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#4 Oracle To IBM: Your 'Customers Are Being Wildly Overcharged'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#64 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#7 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#90 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#95 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#71 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#30 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#20 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#52 MVS Posix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#69 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#56 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?

other past posts referencing reorg into "13 baby blues"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#61 What is holding back cloud adoption?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#17 The Big, Bad Bit Stuffers of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#79 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#76 DataPower XML Appliance and RACF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#2 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#7 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#17 Should we, as an industry, STOP using the word Mainframe and find (and start using) something more up-to-date
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#28 Flag bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#31 China mulls probe into IBM, Oracle, EMC after NSA hack claims - report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#49 The Original IBM Basic Beliefs for those that have never seen them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#6 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#66 NSA Revelations Kill IBM Hardware Sales In China
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#85 How do you feel about IBM passing off it's retirees to ObamaCare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#17 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#78 wtf ? - was Catalog system for Unix et al
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#16 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#64 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#65 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#73 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#47 McCain: Send Petraeus back to Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#15 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#101 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#24 IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55 Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#69 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#93 Curious observation: lack of a simple optimization in a C program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#16 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#70 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#81 Eisenhower's military-industrial warning rings truer than ever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#54 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#74 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#4 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#37 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#58 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#93 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#41 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#50 IBM's Ginni Rometty Just Confessed To A Huge Failure -- It Might Be The Best Thing For The Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#90 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#131 Memo To WSJ: The CRomnibus Abomination Was Not "A Rare Bipartisan Success"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#140 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#143 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#162 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#0 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#81 Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#51 bloomberg article on ASG and Chpater 11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#15 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#32 PEU Report: Obama's Intelligence Oversight Board a Corporate Lot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#40 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#42 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#49 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#63 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#79 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#20 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#70 Encryption "would not have helped" at OPM, says DHS official
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#78 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#25 Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#17 There's No Such Thing as Corporate DNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#71 Ginni Rometty, Chairman, President and CEO, IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#6 1954 RAMAC Prototype
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#18 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#123 IBM retirement fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#2 History question - In what year did IBM first release its DF/DSS backup & restore product?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#76 Pentagon to take over control of background investigation information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#94 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#33 IBM's 3033; "The Big One": IBM's 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#61 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#72 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#75 Another Private-Equity LBO Queen Bites the Dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#100 Ray Tomlinson, inventor of modern email, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#21 Globalization Worker Negotiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#23 How Generation Y is paying the price for baby boomer pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#19 Banking; The Book That Will Save Banking From Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#42 Old Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#76 IBM plans for the future - an imaginary tale
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#84 The mainframe is dead. Long live the mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#97 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#41 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#88 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#97 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#108 Some (IBM-related) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#29 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#83 IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#20 How to Fix IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#71 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#48 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#72 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
Date: 24 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldof-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

part of the result by the early 50s was adding in god we trust to money and under god to the pledge of allegiance.

somewhat related, this talks about late 90s, major change in national chamber of commerce lobbying (on behalf of large corporations) ... that resulted in some local chamber of commerce separating from the national organization.
https://www.amazon.com/Influence-Machine-Commerce-Corporate-American-ebook/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy, industry and military during 20s&30s. The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War,
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences; 1943 US Strategic Bombing Program, they needed German industrial and military targets and coordinates, they got the information and detailed plans from wallstreet.

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#91 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#32 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#0 How Corporate America Invented Christian America; Inside one reverend's big business-backed 1940s crusade to make the country conservative again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#44 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#102 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#2 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#10 Separation church and state

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
Date: 25 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
http://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/politics/315956-improving-congress-oversight-of-the-intelligence-community

Lot of intelligence agency articles seem to be obfuscation and misdirection. Underlying is the enormous outsourcing that occurred last decade ... 70% of budget and over half the people (including Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

the enormous outsourcing ... especially to private-equity owned beltway bandits under heavy pressure to generate revenue for their owners every way possible (outsourced security clearances were found to be doing paperwork but not the background checks) ... seems to have contributed to the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (and possibly contributes to poor cyberattack countermeasures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

In the success of failure scenario, where the information was originally provided to congress and NSA employee charged with treason (under same act used to charge Snowden)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/government-elections-politics/united-states-of-secrets/the-frontline-interview-thomas-drake/

whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

trivia: we may have tangentially involved, but we didn't realize it until the articles start appearing. 2002, we get a call and asked to respond to a unclassified IC-ARDA BAA that was about to close (IC-ARDA has since been renamed IARPA). The BAA said something about none of the tools they have do the job. We get the response in and then have a few meetings showing that we can do what is needed ... and then nothing. Later, we hear by the grapevine that top executives told the BAA principal that he hadn't sufficiently proven to their satisfaction that what they have won't do the job. We then wonder why they let the BAA to be released in the first place (conjecture that top executives thought there would be no response and it would shut the principal up).

disclaimer: I've never had clearance or job in the government ... although periodically people have thought I did. As undergraduate in the 60s, gov. agencies used a lot of software that I did (although I didn't know it at the time). Later some would show up at my computer/security class ... and bragged offline they knew where I was every day of my life back to birth (they asked me to name any date and they would tell me where i was).

past posts mentioning BAA:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#57 Beyond Snowden: A New Year's Wish For A Better Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#76 Should New Limits Be Put on N.S.A. Surveillance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#26 Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#32 (External):Re: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#62 The NSA's back door has given every US secret to our enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#18 FBI Rewrites Federal Law to Let Hillary Off the Hook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#96 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mnuchin Lied About His Bank's History of Robo-Signing Foreclosure Documents

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mnuchin Lied About His Bank's History of Robo-Signing Foreclosure Documents
Date: 25 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Mnuchin Lied About His Bank's History of Robo-Signing Foreclosure Documents
https://theintercept.com/2017/01/25/mnuchin-lied-about-his-banks-history-of-robo-signing-foreclosure-documents/

1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents; securitized mortgages had been used during S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild were office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Worth that turn out to be empty lots).

Later the dealers find they can buy triple-A rating from rating agencies for securitized mortgages (even when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony) largely enabling over $27T done 2001-2008, "triple-A rating" trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans and no longer need to care about borrower's qualifications or loan quality (triple-A rating also enables selling to institutions restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments, like large pension funds). Then they find they can do toxic CDOs designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims, and then take out CDS/derivative gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad loans, now they cared about borrowers' qualification but not in the traditional way).

toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

The largest holder of the CDS/derivative gambling bets was AIG and negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and says that they have to sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and forced to take TARP funds to pay off the CDS gambling bets at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formally headed by the SECTREAS.

Claim is that during the period (2001-2008) "finance" tripled in size, as percent of GDP (huge skimming off the $27+T and the CDS/derivative gambling bets, not improving economy but enormously increasing their share of the economy). NY state comptroller also released statistics that aggregate wallstreet bonuses spiked over 400% during the period.

trivia: from the law of unintended consequences; the largest fines so far related to the economic mess are for the TBTF robo-signing mills fabricating the documents for the no-document liar loans.

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

S&L crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
Date: 25 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-01/su-dla012317.php

"The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds" ... Kahneman, a psychologist, gets Nobel Prize in economics ... in part for debunking Milton Friddman economic theories assuming rational actors.
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds-ebook/dp/B01GI6S7EK/

loc2276-79:
The Oregon researchers went and tested the hypothesis anyway. It turned out to be true. If you wanted to know whether you had cancer or not, you were better off using the algorithm that the researchers had created than you were asking the radiologist to study the X-ray. The simple algorithm had outperformed not merely the group of doctors; it had outperformed even the single best doctor. You could beat the doctor by replacing him with an equation created by people who knew nothing about medicine and had simply asked a few questions of doctors.

loc/2291-93:
Why would the judgment of an expert--a medical doctor, no less--be inferior to a model crafted from that very expert's own knowledge? At that point, Goldberg more or less threw up his hands and said, Well, even experts are human. "The clinician is not a machine," he wrote. "While he possesses his full share of human learning and hypothesis-generating skills, he lacks the machine's reliability."

loc2296-99:
Right after Goldberg published those words, late in the summer of 1970, Amos Tversky showed up in Eugene, Oregon.

... snip ...

I remember reading articles in the 70s about medical profession pushing back against these findings.

trivia: in the 90s we did some work on computer image recognition of breast cancer xrays (in conjunction with xray moving from film to digital), with somebody from Michigan.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
Date: 25 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.newsweek.com/trump-emails-rnc-reince-priebus-white-house-server-548191

triva ... Olie's problem with IBM PROFs email system in the 80s
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oliver_North#Iran.E2.80.93Contra_affair

VP and former CIA director had repeatedly claimed he knew nothing about it because he was the fulltime administration point-person doing financial deregulation creating the S&L crises.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than S&L crises which had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

S&L crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

Then Bush Pardons 6 in Iran Affair, Aborting a Weinberger Trial; Prosecutor Assails 'Cover-Up'
http://www.nytimes.com/books/97/06/29/reviews/iran-pardon.html
https://www.brown.edu/Research/Understanding_the_Iran_Contra_Affair/prosecutions.php

as evidence of Bush involvement starts to show up; aside, both Weinberger (SECDEF) and Schultz (SECSTATE) were Bechtel executives when appointed.

after Iran/Contra, following administrations had to get more inventive, as it became harder and harder to disappear email from gov. servers, they eventually had to move to non-gov. servers

100,000 lost in the 90s, because backup was "misconfigured"
http://www.judicialwatch.org/blog/2008/01/clinton-white-house-lost-emails-too/
Hillary's email scandal -- of the 1990s! Exclusive: Larry Klayman tells of 1 million messages 'lost' from White House server
http://www.wnd.com/2016/06/hillarys-email-scandal-of-the-1990s/
The Other Clinton Email Scandal You May Not Know About
http://ijr.com/2016/06/624529-this-isnt-the-first-clinton-email-scandal/
Politicos squabble over 'missing' White House e-mails
https://www.cnet.com/news/politicos-squabble-over-missing-white-house-e-mails/

then

The George W. Bush White House 'Lost' 22 Million Emails
http://www.newsweek.com/2016/09/23/george-w-bush-white-house-lost-22-million-emails-497373.html
Special Report: G.W. Bush's 103.6 million missing email messages and the IT archiving challenge
http://www.zdnet.com/article/special-report-g-w-bushs-103-6-million-missing-email-messages-and-the-it-archiving-challenge/
Bush White House email controversy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bush_White_House_email_controversy
Missing White House Emails
http://www.pbs.org/weta/washingtonweek/web-video/missing-white-house-emails
Disappearing White House Emails Timeline
https://www.emptywheel.net/2008/01/17/disappearing-white-house-emails-timeline/
Group Sues White House to Restore Missing Emails; National Security Archive says White House must reactivate its email archiving system
http://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/group-sues-white-house-to-restore-missing-emails/d/d-id/1128976

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
Date: 25 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts

The North & Iran/Contra was 80s, Reagan administration ... when the senior Bush was VP (and repeatedly claimed no knowledge of Iran/Contra because he was fulltime administration person created S&L crises).

http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/white_house_email/
1982 - The National Security Council (NSC) staff at the White House acquires a prototype electronic mail system, from IBM, called the Professional Office System (PROFs).

April 1985 - The PROFs e-mail system becomes fully operational within the NSC, including not only the full staff, but also home terminals for the National Security Adviser, Robert "Bud" McFarlane, and his deputy, Admiral John M. Poindexter.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_OfficeVision
PROFS and its e-mail component, known colloquially as PROFS Notes, featured prominently in the investigation of the Iran-Contra scandal. Oliver North believed he had deleted his correspondence, but the system archived it anyway. Congress subsequently examined the e-mail archives.[1].


http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/ibm100/us/en/icons/networkbus/
PROFS changed the way organizations communicated, collaborated and approached work when it was introduced by IBM's Data Processing Division in 1981. The next year, the White House adopted a prototype email system of the PROFS system for the US National Security Council (NSC) staff, and soon PROFS became the most popular office system for companies needing a central shared way of communicating and working, along with managing the increasing flow of information.

When congress subpoena the email ... only somebody with necessary security clearances could scan the backup tapes for selecting what congress asked for (since effectively every possible clearance was required)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Private Equity Firms are Designed to Earn Big While Risking Little of Their Own

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Private Equity Firms are Designed to Earn Big While Risking Little of Their Own
Date: 25 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
How Private Equity Firms are Designed to Earn Big While Risking Little of Their Own
http://www.counterpunch.org/2017/01/25/how-private-equity-firms-are-designed-to-earn-big-while-risking-little-of-their-own/

AMEX is in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR and KKR wins. Then KKR runs into some problems and hires the president of AMEX to help.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone into the red and is in the process of being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breakup the company. The board then hires away the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect IBM. Uses some of same techniques at IBM that had been used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Later the former president of AMEX leaves IBM and becomes head of another major private-equity company which does LBO of company that will employ Snowden. Private-equity take-over of beltway bandits last decade significantly accelerated federal gov. outsourcing. Private equity subsidiaries are under intense pressure to cut corners and generate revenue any way possible (outsourced security clearances were found to fill out the paperwork but not actually do the background checks). 70% of the intelligence budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

as well as accelerating the rapid spreading success of failure culture:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

over half corporate defaults have been companies owned or previously owned by private equity
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

Mitt Romney Is The Real Super-Fraud: Here's The Proof, Chapter And Verse
http://davidstockmanscontracorner.com/mitt-romney-is-the-real-super-fraud-heres-the-proof-chapter-and-verse/
During his 16-years at Bain Capital, fully one-fourth or $600 million of the firms cumulative $2.5 billion of profits were scalped from companies which went bankrupt soon after Mitt and his partners got out of town with the loot.

... snip ...

SEC Official: Over Half Of All Private Equity Audits Revealed Crimes
http://news.firedoglake.com/2014/05/09/sec-official-over-half-of-all-private-equity-audits-revealed-crimes/
SEC Official Describes Widespread Lawbreaking and Material Weakness in Controls in Private Equity Industry
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/05/sec-official-describes-widespread-lawbreaking-material-weakness-controls-private-equity-industry.html
New York Times' New Editor Buries Important Story on Private Equity Fee Shenanigans on Holiday Weekend
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/05/new-york-times-new-editor-buries-important-story-private-equity-fee-shenanigans-holiday-weekend.html
The Deal's Done. But Not the Fees.
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/25/business/the-deals-done-but-not-the-fees.html

Congressional Report Slams OPM on Data Breach (actually outsourced to private equity subsidiary)
http://krebsonsecurity.com/2016/09/congressional-report-slams-opm-on-data-breach/
OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Blockchain

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Blockchain
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 26 Jan 2017 10:37:52 -0800
rob.schramm@GMAIL.COM (Rob Schramm) writes:
There are just loads of uses and possibilities for blockchain. I had started looking into coding for Bitcoin to use unused cycles on z/OS to make money. But then migrated over to blockchain as a concept to act as a proof or record history. I was pondering single user record concept that would always stay with you. Single source of identification. Of course then there are stories of people losing bitcoins never to recover them... It might make for a bad lost password concept...but It is really exciting stuff.

Ricardian Contracts In the Media!
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001596.html
Ricardian Contract
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ricardian_Contract
Where is the Contract? - a short history of the contract in Financial Cryptography systems
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001562.html
Yanis Varoufakis proposes Greek tax receipts in Ricardian Contracts on a blockchain
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001555.html
Gendal on blockchains -- what's the fuss? Could the blockchain change accounting?
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001540.html

even going back to overlap with some standards & patents that I did

When the SLippery SLope beckons
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/000998.html
(Imagine here comments about Ricardian contracts, x.509 failings, x9.59 designs, transaction economics, and a whole host of lessons that simply can't be learnt at any price.)

... snip ...

Sarbanes-Oxley is what you get when you don't do FC
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/000797.html
Reading this posted old reference by Lynn, I was struck by this gem:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm


... snip ...

some AADS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads
and x9.59
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
and more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

and then
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
Date: 26 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#68 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts

Note both Bushes and Clintons acquired significant experience getting around gov. email records requirement over a period of decades.

related to Reagan era files implicating Bush1 in Iran/Contra:

President who Eviscerated Presidential Records Act Relying on His Presidential Library to Boost Legacy.
http://nsarchive.wordpress.com/2013/04/25/president-who-eviscerated-presidential-records-act-relying-on-his-presidential-library-to-boost-his-legacy/

Executive Order 13,233 was signed by President Bush on November 1, 2001, so that his White House Counsel -- not the National Archives -- could review 68,000 pages of records from the Reagan Presidential Library, and decide if the public had the right to read them. These documents included a six-page 8 December 1986 memo to the President and Director of Public Affairs entitled, "Talking Points on Iran/Contra Affairs"; a series of memos dated 22 November and 1 December 1988 for the President entitled, "Pardon for Oliver North, John Poindexter, and Joseph Fernandez"; and a two-page memo for the President from the Attorney General, "Appeal of the Decision Denying the Enforcement of the Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987."

... snip ...

HISTORIANS, PUBLIC INTEREST GROUPS SUE TO STOP BUSH ORDER; Say New Restrictions on White House Files Violate Presidential Records Act; "Bush Order Attempts to Overturn the Law, Take the Power Back"
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/news/20011128/

Court Rules Delay in Release of Presidential Papers is Illegal; Fails to Address Authority of Former Vice Presidents to Hold Up Disclosure of Papers
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/news/20071001/

The Presidential Records Act of 1978 (PRA) emerged from the scandals of the Nixon presidency to require former presidents to release their records no later than 12 years after they leave office. Under the PRA, as amended, the U.S. government asserts complete "ownership, possession, and control" of all Presidential and Vice-Presidential records.

... snip ...

and earlier period (this reference is to Bush1 when Ford appointed him to head CIA, replacing Colby), National Insecurity: The Cost of American Militarism (Melvin A. Goodman) pg247/3512-16:
Colby would not allow a clearly polemical group, led by Harvard professor Richard Pipes and referred to as Team B, to hijack the production of intelligence estimates. Bush had no qualms about doing so. Ford removed Colby, and Pipes -- with the help of Cheney and Rumsfeld -- named a team of right-wing academics and former government officials to draft their own intelligence estimates on Soviet military power. It is noteworthy that neither Cheney nor Rumsfeld mention the Team B chicanery in their recently published memoirs.

... snip ...

After White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced by Bush who will go along with "Team B" estimates (justifying significant DOD budget increases), Rumsfeld resigns and becomes SECDEF (replaced by his assistant Cheney).

"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic'

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic'
Date: 26 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
earlier in the week A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic'
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/coal-fire-may-have-helped-sink-titanic-180961699/

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started with move from 13.5in to 15in guns (which requires moving from coal to oil) loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.

... snip ...

Iran Elected leader was going to review the Anglo-Persion contracts ... CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf senior) trained
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#78 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#84 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#21 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#102 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Paper Tape

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Paper Tape
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 27 Jan 2017 08:09:50 -0800
dave.g4ugm@GMAIL.COM (Dave Wade) writes:
High Speed card readers read all columns of the card at the same time, so they have 80 sensors, and read the card row-by-row, allowing much faster reading. There is no reel of tape that has inertia that has to be controlled on a stop. A card deck is easy to edit, we used to have a hand punch for minor JCL corrections. A damaged card can often be recovered by manual copying.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#37 Paper tape (was Re: Hidden Figures)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#38 Paper tape (was Re: Hidden Figures)

because assemblies took so long, as undergraduate, I got quite adept at dup'ing columns in (12-2-9) TXT cards in 026 keypunch and multi-punching patches.

past posts mentioning multi-punch TXT cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#17 unit record & other controllers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#4 1401 overlap instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#44 20th March 2000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#75 Florida is in a 30 year flashback!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#26 HELP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#27 HELP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#27 Is anybody out there still writting BAL 370.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#28 Is anybody out there still writting BAL 370.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#63 OT (sort-of) - Does it take math skills to do data processing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#24 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#54 12-2-9 REP & 47F0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#17 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#43 Binder REP Cards (Was: What's the linkage editor really wants?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#58 REP cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#64 Large Computer Rescue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#51 IBM S/360 series operating systems history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#78 What happened to the Teletype Corporation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#69 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#70 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#8 Anybody remember Keypunch cards?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#32 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#46 Usefulness of bidirectional read/write?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#83 Java; a POX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#56 Punched Card Combinations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#77 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#56 You know you've been Lisp hacking to long when
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#36 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#38 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#11 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#26 Getting at the original command name/line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#89 Real Programmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#156 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#15 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 27 Jan 2017 14:40:42 -0800
David Wade <dave.g4ugm@gmail.com> writes:
Ah I started on a 360/67 which definitely had separate channel boxes.

The Honeywell 6000/L66/DPS8 series machines also predated the 2900 and had the same sort of configuration, with CPU's and I/O controllers attached to the Memory. Like the ICL2900 CPU's could be taken off line and the dual CPU system we had could be reconfigured as two single CPU systems.

I have no idea how wide the memory access was but I do know that when doing tape I/O the CPUs were locked out.

Download

http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/honeywell/series6000/DA48_series6000_summary_1971.pdf

and take a look at the picture on page 4. Central memory modules with ports to which CPU's or IO Multiplexors could be attached.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#60 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#61 The ICL 2900

360 65, 67 and higher models had dedicated separate channel boxes.

360 50, 40 & lower end had integrated channels (processor was shared executing channel microcode and 360 microcode)

370 165/168 & higher end had dedicated separate channels boxes

370 155/158 & lower end had integrated channels (processor executed both channel microcode and 370 micrcode)

There was exception for 370/115 & 370/125 done by Boeblingen (or Boblingen with the umlaut, just check internet, says in german it is always transliterated to "e", but in Swedish it is dropped), Germany ... and folklore is that they got their hands slapped by corporate.

They did memory bus with positions for up to nine microprocessors ... all identical ... running different microcode for 370, i/o, device controllers, etc. 125 was identical to 115 except that the microprocessor running 370 microcode was 50% faster than the other processors. At one point, I was sucked into designing a 370/125 multiprocessor where up to 5 of the bus positions would running the 370 multiprocessor microprocessors. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce

it was never announced/shipped ... in part because the 138/148 people complained it overlapped their throughput at better price/performance. At the time, I had also been sucked into doing 370/148 stuff ... so in some escalation meetings ... I was required to represent both sides of the table and argue with myself. part of the 138/148 effort was the ECPS microcode ... dropping operating system stuff directly into native microcode, getting 10:1 speedup:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

I was working on superset of ECPS for the 125 ... but also something that was superset of what would become SSCH for 370-xa ... because I had all the system microcode in the same box.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#27 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

during Future System period ... they were shutting down 370 efforts (since FS was going to completely replace 360/370)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

with the implosion of FS, there was mad rush to get 370 stuff back into product pipelines ... including kicking off 303x & 3081 in parallel ... some (FS, 303x, 3081) history:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

for 303x external channel box, they took the 158 integrated channel microcode (w/o the 370 microcode). A 3031 was a 158 processor with just the 370 microcode and 2nd 158 processor with just the integrated channel microcode. A 3032 was a 168 processor with a 158 processor as external channel. A 3033 started out as 168 logic mapped to faster chips (and one or more 158 processors for external channels).

360/65 and 360/67 single processors were nearly identical except for addition of virtual memory hardware for 360/67.

360/65 and 360/67 multiple processor were a lot more different. 360/65 multiprocessor shared real memory ... but not I/O, external channel boxes were only attached to single processor. To simulate shared I/O they used "multi-tail" controllers (that could be connected to multiple channels) that were configured at same addresses on the respective processor channels.

360/67 functional characteristic
http://bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/A27-2719-0_360-67_funcChar.pdf

360/67 multiprocessor shared both real memory and each processor could be configured to access/share all channels ... there was director ... and memory was multi-ported with independent path for I/O). 360/65 & 360/67 single processor had to share same memory ports with I/O. Mutli-ported 360/67 memory had slightly longer latency for all accesses (resolving multi-port protocol) ... but in heavy i/o loads, could have overall higher throughput (because allowing concurrent activity, some configurations even ran 67-2 with only single processor). Pg. 43 starts instruction times and gives formulas. Pg. 46 starts average instruction times and shows the difference between single processor (67-1) and 67-2 multi-ported memory (with slightly increased latency).

shows the multiprocessor director (2167,pg29) which could reconfigure for complete sharing ... or partition hardware in number of ways. It also shows that the settings of the director could be read/sensed from the "control registers" (pg31-32). multiprocess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

There was a three processor 360/67 for Air Force Manned Orital Laboratory (MOL) project being done by Lockheed in Sunnyvale that had special modifications that allowed the software to change/update the 2167 hardware configuration by storing/setting values in those control registers.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 27 Jan 2017 15:53:10 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
it was never announced/shipped ... in part because the 138/148 people complained it overlapped their throughput at better price/performance. At the time, I had also been sucked into doing 370/148 stuff ... so in some escalation meetings ... I was required to represent both sides of the table and argue with myself. part of the 138/148 effort was the ECPS microcode ... dropping operating system stuff directly into native microcode, getting 10:1 speedup:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

I was working on superset of ECPS for the 125 ... but also something that was superset of what would become SSCH for 370-xa ... because I had all the system microcode in the same box.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#27 370 ECPS VM microcode assist


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#74 The ICL 2900

following the demise of the 125 multiprocessor effort, I got sucked into working on a generalized 370 16-way multiprocessor. At first we got good reception from around the company and even got the 3033 processor engineers to work on it in their spare time (more interesting than remapping 168 logic to faster chips). Then somebody leaked to the head of POK (high-end mainframe) that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system (MVS) had effective 16-way support. In response, the head of POK invited some of us to never visit POK again and instructed the 3033 processor engineers to stop being distracted.

this was 1976-1977 time-frame ... 16-way mainframe doesn't ship until 2000 with z900 (over 20yrs later).
es/9000 1990 w/6processors
z900 2000 16 processors
z990 2003 32 processors
z9 2005 54 processors
z10 2008 64 processors
z196 2010 80 processors
ec12 2012 101 processors
z13 2015 140 processors


this is sort of funny:
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_FS9000.html
The IBM Enterprise System/9000 (ES/9000) family of 18 processors announced today for System/390 range from intermediate computers for office environments to the most powerful mainframe systems the company has ever offered.

... snip ...

since it doesn't refer to 18-way SMP ... it refers to 18 different models (largest is 6-way SMP). It also refers to ESCON being announced with ES/9000 ... when it is already obsolete ... various posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

about having worked on supporting channel extender in 1980 and then asked in 1988 to help LLNL standardized some serial stuff they have which quickly becomes fibre channel standard. some related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

specifically mentioning 16-way effort
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#46 Numa-Q Information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#17 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#26 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#77 T3 Sues IBM To Break its Mainframe Monopoly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#14 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#17 Broken hardware was Re: Broken Brancher
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#32 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#61 IBM to announce new MF's this year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#23 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#28 Personal histories and IBM computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#68 vm/370 3081
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#10 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#52 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#29 5 Byte Device Addresses?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#38 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#28 Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#14 International Business Marionette
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#36 390 vector instruction set reuse, was 8-bit bytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#4 Unintended consequence of RISC simplicity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#14 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#70 architectures, was Open source software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#59 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#59 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#21 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#6 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#52 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#71 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#105 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#111 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#140 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#46 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#39 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#105 DOS descendant still lives was Re: slight reprieve on the z
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#23 IBM's 3033; "The Big One": IBM's 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#78 Microcode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#70 Microprocessor Optimization Primer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#59 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#114 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#85 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#86 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#98 A Christmassy PL/I tale

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Avaya: How we arrived at Chapter 11

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Avaya: How we arrived at Chapter 11
Date: 27 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Avaya: How we arrived at Chapter 11
http://www.networkworld.com/article/3161752/leadership-management/avaya-how-we-arrived-at-chapter-11.html

Private Equity Loss: Avaya Considers Chapter 11
http://www.investopedia.com/news/private-equity-loss-avaya-considers-chapter-11/

over half corporate defaults have been companies owned or previously owned by private equity
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

what is funny is it isn't the credit rating of the private equity borrowers that are hit ... but the companies that they buy

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HONE APL Systems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: HONE APL Systems
Date: 27 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Science Center ported apl\360 to CP67/CMS for CMS\APL. Typical APL\360 was 16kbyte (or sometimes 32kbyte) workspace that completely swapped the workspace. It would allocate new physical storage for each assignment statement ... until it exhausted storage and then do garbage collection. Move to CMS\APL just involved interpretor (eliminated all the other APL\360 stuff), extended workspace to virtual address size ... and added functions to access system services (like file read/write) ... enabling a lot of real world applications. Business planners in Armonk used CMS\APL on the Science Center system ... loading the most holy of corporate data for business simulation (requiring very strong security since the system was also used by non-employees, students & teachers from various Cambridge/Boston area institutions). science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

APL\360 Storage management & garbage collection had to be redone because even a small program could quickly touch all virtual memory resulting in page thrashing in demand paged environment.

The APL "purists" lambasted the Science Center implementation for accessing system services ... which they eventually "fixed" with "shared variables".

One of my hobbies was enhanced production systems for internal datacenters. HONE, world-wide online sales&marketing support, was one of my long time customers (lot of the applications were done in APL, I believe largest APL operation in the world). It was real thorn in IBM hdqtrs side because MVT/MVS/etc was favorite son operating system and it came as shock when an executive finds out HONE was virtual machine based operation ... and there was repeated efforts to try and shift it to MVS. Eventually in the 80s, corporate started saying that inability to migrate HONE to MVS was my fault ... they would be able to migrate to MVS if I would stop providing enhancements for HONE systems.

HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Disk Engineering

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Disk Engineering
Date: 27 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
They use to let me wander around San Jose area ... customers, disk development, DBMS development, etc. Disk enginneering & disk product test had lots of mainframes for stand alone disk development (7x24 scheduled around the clock). They had once tried MVS for concurrent development, but it turned out to have 15mins MTBF in that environment (requiring manual re-IPL). I offerred to rewrite I/O supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail ... enabling any amount of on-demand, concurrent testing (greatly increasing productivity). I made the mistake of writting an internal report about the effort that included reference to MVS 15mins MTBF ... which brought done the wrath of the MVS group on my head (I was told that they would have gotten me separated from the IBM company if they could have figured out how).

About the same time I submitted open door about my salary including lots of supporting material. I got back written response from head of HR that after detailed review of my complete career, I was making exactly what I was suppose to. I made a copy of everything and resubmitted with cover letter that I was being asked to interview recent graduate new hires for a new group that would work under my direction ... and they were being offered starting salary 1/3rd more than what I was making. I never got a written response, but I got 1/3rd raise that put me on level playing field with the new hires. People periodically had to remind me that business ethics was an oxymoron.

disk engineering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VM370 Development

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VM370 Development
Date: 28 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#77 HONE APL Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#78 IBM Disk Engineering

Some of In the wake of the Future System failure and the mad rush to get stuff back into the product pipelines ... 303x & 3081 (370-xa) efforts were kicked off in parallel. The head of POK managed to convince corporate to kill VM370, shutdown the VM370 (burlington) development group, and transfer all the people to POK ... or otherwise POK wouldn't be able to ship MVS/XA on scheudle (some 7yrs later). They weren't going to tell the development group of the shutdown until just before it happens (to minimize the numbers that might be able to escape). There the information was leaked and witch hunt for person that leaked the information (fortunately for me, nobody gave up the leaker). Lots of people got to escape and stay in the Boston/Cambridge area (this was about the time that DEC started VAX/VMS project and the joke was that the head of POK was major contributor to VMS). Eventually Endicott managed to save the VM370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch. There are lots of comments by customers in the VMSHARE archive about VM370 code quality during that period; TYMSHARE started providing their CMS-based computer conferencing system free to SHARE starting in Aug1976 ... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

some of the people that went to POK worked on a virtual machine facility that was solely targeted at supporting MVS/XA development and was never suppose to be released to customers. Much later a cobbled together version was released as the migration aid because customers weren't migrating from MVS to MVS/XA like they were suppose to. Then POK/Kingston browbeat corporate (and Endicott) to fund a large group to bring migration aid up to level for release as VM/XA. What was released was far inferior to the VM370 that had been enhanced to support XA (by sysprog in Rochester).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Languages

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Languages
Date: 28 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#77 HONE APL Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#78 IBM Disk Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#79 VM370 Development

I had introductory fortran and then the univ hired me to redo 1401 MPIO for 360/30. I got to design & implement my own monitor, scheduler, interrupt handlers, device drivers, error recovery, etc (MPIO was unit record<->tape front end for 709 ibsys that was tape->tape). Then they hired me fulltime to be responsible for production 360/65 os/360 (actually 360/67 originally for tss/360, but had to run as 360/65 most of the time).

In the early 70s at the science center did a lot of assembler, APL, and PLI work. One of my early PLI programs was to analyze assembler programs, turning into abstract representation, looking for all possible execution paths looking for register use before set, and generate psuedo high-level program representation.

Did an early REX (before renamed to REXX) program trying to demonstrate that it wasn't another pretty scripting language. Objective was to re-implement IBM's dump reader IPCS (tens of thousands of assembler statements) working half-time in less than 3months elapsed time in REX ... with ten times more function and runs ten times faster. I finished early so started development of library of code that automatically looked for large number of most common failure signatures. Eventually it was used by almost all internal datacenters and PSRs ... but some reason never shipped to customers. I did get approval to make user group presentations at BAYBUNCH and SHARE on how I did the implementation. Within a few months customer implementations started to appear. The closest "DUMPRX" came to shipping was by the 3090 service processor group.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

A couple people at Los Gatos lab first did IBM's mainframe pascal implementation and started using it for all sort of applications. I did a replacement for VM370 spool file system in pascal that ran in virtual address space which ran ten times faster than the native assembler implementation with a lot more function (that also never ships to customers). The original IBM mainframe TCP/IP was done in that Pascal ... but the first implementation had a lot of issues (even though it never had any of the exploits and vulnerabilities that have been epidemic in C-language TCP/IP implementations). C-language programming mistakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

I then did the TCP/IP RFC1044 enhancements and in tuning tests at Cray Research got sustained channel throughpt between 4341 and Cray only using a modest amount of 4341 processor (about 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed, original got 44kbytes/sec using 3090 full processor).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#rfc1044

I had a project HSDT that supported T1 and faster speed links running both VNET and TCP/IP (single full-duplex T1, needed 300kbytes/sec throughput). One of my other problems was that VNET ran through the VM370 spool file system ... using synchronous diagnose interface doing 4k spool blocks; on heavily loaded system, VNET might get only 5-10 4k blocks/sec throughput ... I needed 100-1000 4k blocks/sec throughput. I did read-ahead, write-behind, contiguous allocation, multi-block transfer and an asynchronous interface (in the pascal spool file rewrite).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

I was also working with CJNNET corporate backbone ... that was restricted to 37x5 controllers that were limited to 56kbit lines ... even single full-duplex 56kbit link needed 3-4 blocks/sec. Then the communication group corralled CJNNET telling corporate that the internal network would stop working if it wasn't converted to SNA ... and CJNNET meetings were restricted to management only (problem was that technical people might dispute the alternate facts). The communication group had already managed to get the VNET product shipped to customers restricted to SNA drivers ... but the internal VNET still used the native VNET drivers that had significantly higher throughput. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

In early part of century I did detailed analysis of the MITRE/NIST exploit database ... in part identifying what percentage were associated with common/epidemic C-language programming mistakes. I then tried to get MITRE to get more detailed bug reports ... it took several more years before NIST would ask for the additional details. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#43 security taxonomy and CVE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#0 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#3 Public disclosure of discovered vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#0 Cyberwar vs. Cyber-Espionage vs. Cybercrime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#80 U.S. Cybersecurity Debate Risks Leaving Critical Infrastructure in the Dark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#75 Still not convinced about the superiority of mainframe security vs distributed?

trivia: one of the people at Los Gatos responsible for IBM Pascal ... left and later was VP of software development at MIPS and then general manager of the SUN group responsible for JAVA.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 28 Jan 2017 14:20:11 -0800
hancock4 writes:
Yet I believe the S/360 model 30 was their most popular unit.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#60 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#61 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#75 The ICL 2900

models/profits from end of ACS
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html
Of the 26,000 IBM computer systems in use, 16,000 were S/360 models (that is, over 60%). [Fig. 1.311.2]

Of the general-purpose systems having the largest fraction of total installed value, the IBM S/360 Model 30 was ranked first with 12% (rising to 17% in 1969). The S/360 Model 40 was ranked second with 11% (rising to almost 15% in 1970). [Figs. 2.10.4 and 2.10.5]

Of the number of operations per second in use, the IBM S/360 Model 65 ranked first with 23%. The Univac 1108 ranked second with slightly over 14%, and the CDC 6600 ranked third with 10%. [Figs. 2.10.6 and 2.10.7]


... snip ...

Amdahl doing ACS/360 ... with supercomputer and 1/3rd supercomputer plus 1/9th supercomputer models for the rest of the market: To achieve a profit for the ACS program, Amdahl asked IBM management to approve three ACS/360 models: the high-performance design, a 1/3 performance version, and a 1/9 performance version. He felt that these performance goals would be a good fit with the System 360 marketing plans. He remembers that IBM Corporate Marketing evaluated the targets and reported: 1) the supercomputer alone was a loss leader! 2) the supercomputer plus the 1/3 performance computer was break-even! And 3) the supercomputer plus both the 1/3 performance computer and the 1/9 performance computer was normal profit -- 30% pre-tax!

... snip ...

executives then cancel ACS/360 because they were afraid that it would advance the state of the art too fast and they would loose control of the market. At the bottom of the page, it shows ACS/360 features showing up in ES/9000 more than 20yrs later.

other recent posts mentioning end of ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#33 IBM STRETCH repricing decision?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#23 IBM's 3033; "The Big One": IBM's 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#3 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#10 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#37 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#60 Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#65 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#7 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#30 IBM project discussions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#44 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#45 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#48 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#75 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#98 A Christmassy PL/I tale
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#3 Is multiprocessing better then multithreading?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 28 Jan 2017 15:32:13 -0800
Bill Findlay <no_email@invalid.invalid> writes:
How does that make sense? You lose control by completely dominating It??

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#81 The ICL 2900

big disruptive innovation could provide unexpected opportunities for competition ... especially with huge changes in price/performance (it could easily mess up bottom line and profit margins) ... case in point was growth of ibm/pc market.

I've frequently referred to talk by senior disk engineer at internal communication group world-wide annual conference ... supposedly on 3174 performance but opened with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. Issue was the communication group had stangle hold on datacenters with their strategic responsibility for everything that crossed the datacenter wall and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server, trying to preserve their (emulated) dumb terminal install base. The disk division was seeing the drop in disk sales with data fleeing to move distributed computing friendly platforms. The disk division had come up with several solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

in the mid-80s, top ibm executives had predicted the business would double ... mostly based on mainframe sales ... and had big internal building program to double manufacturing capacity of mainframe related products ... however business was already starting to go in the opposite direction. By the early 90s with loss of significant mainframe business, the company had gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (when a new CEO was brought in to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

Mid-90s, the remaining mainstay of the mainframe business was the financial community with huge, critical business applications dating back to early 360 days. The financial community spent billions of dollars on reimplementing for straight-through parallel processing on large numbers of killer micros ... to alleviate the overnight cobol batch settlement bottleneck of these ancient applications. However, they were using some standard library parallelization software that had hundred times the overhead of cobol batch ... when they were warned about the problem ... it was just ignored. They finally had to face it when some large scale pilot rollouts went down in flames ... and they had to retrench to doing large scale Y2K remediation on these ancient legacy applications.

Middle of last decade, I was involved in taking some technology to financial association groups, that easily handled straight-through financial processing ... allowing specification of high-level rules that then generated fine-grain SQL statements. It relied on the significant performance work that all the major RDBMS vendors had invested in cluster (parallel) scaleup (it didn't try to do the parallelization effort, it just decomposed work into units that then were efficiently parallelized by cluster scaleup). Initially it got really good acceptance ... but then ran into brickwall. Finally we were told that there were still too many executives that bore scars from the failed attempts in the 90s ... and it would have to wait for a whole new generation.

past posts mentioning straight-through processing:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#31 Quote from comp.object
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#15 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#36 Future of System/360 architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#3 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#5 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#19 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#37 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#44 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#61 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#19 Education ranking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#27 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#64 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#69 Controlling COBOL DDs named SYSOUT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#72 whats the world going to do when all the baby boomers retire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#81 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#3 on-demand computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#74 Too much change opens up financial fault lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#30 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#31 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#87 Berkeley researcher describes parallel path
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#89 Berkeley researcher describes parallel path
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#55 performance of hardware dynamic scheduling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#50 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#56 Long running Batch programs keep IMS databases offline
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#26 What is the biggest IT myth of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#30 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technolgies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#35 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technolgies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#7 If you had a massively parallel computing architecture, what unsolved problem would you set out to solve?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#87 Cleaning Up Spaghetti Code vs. Getting Rid of It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#43 Business process re-engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#14 Legacy clearing threat to OTC derivatives warns State Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#1 z/Journal Does it Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#2 z/Journal Does it Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#21 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#23 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX? (Are settlements a good argument for overnight batch COBOL ?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#43 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX? (Are settlements a good argument for overnight batch COBOL ?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#57 IBM halves mainframe Linux engine prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#22 PCI SSC Seeks standard for End to End Encryption?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#81 A Faster Way to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#81 big iron mainframe vs. x86 servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#67 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#68 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#77 Korean bank Moves back to Mainframes (...no, not back)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#16 How long for IBM System/360 architecture and its descendants?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#19 STEM crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#8 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#78 SLIGHTLY OT - Home Computer of the Future (not IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#37 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#47 COBOL - no longer being taught - is a problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#78 Software that breaks computer hardware( was:IBM 029 service manual )
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#41 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#3 Assembler programs was Re: Delete all members of a PDS that is allocated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#14 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#13 Is the ATM still the banking industry's single greatest innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#37 A Bright Future for Big Iron?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#19 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#42 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#35 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#45 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#15 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#19 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#91 Mainframe Fresher
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#93 Itanium at ISSCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#1 Itanium at ISSCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#8 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#52 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#70 New IBM Redbooks residency experience in Poughkeepsie, NY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#10 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#23 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#9 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#79 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#8 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#12 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#49 US payments system failing to meet the needs of the digital economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#0 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#24 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#36 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#69 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#77 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#31 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#47 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#18 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#24 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#56 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#42 COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#57 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#50 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#42 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#49 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#80 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#3 We need to talk about TED
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#90 Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#10 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#74 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#38 Meet Cobol's hard core fans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#71 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#119 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#2 More "ageing mainframe" (bad) press
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#25 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#48 Windows 10 forceful update?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#84 The mainframe is dead. Long live the mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#23 How to Fix IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#72 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Kabuki Theater

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Kabuki Theater
Date: 28 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Local DC news will periodically refer to Congress as Kabuki Theater ... what you see has very little to do with what is really going on. The appearance of conflict between the two parties is more like Roman Circus keeping the public distracted.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into '29crash, resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall act) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what went on then and what went on this time (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

VP and former CIA director claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

S&L crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 28 Jan 2017 16:23:37 -0800
Jon Elson <elson@pico-systems.com> writes:
Second, IBM had no experience with mass-producing ICs. They were going to build a machine that was basically a 3083, in 1968 or so! So, they were pushing their ability to create the technology WAY beyond their abilities.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#81 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900

this has description of 3081 ... basically FS simulator that was extremely inefficient and manufacturing costs were much higher ... especially compared to clone competition
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

The 370 emulator minus the FS microcode was eventually sold in 1980 as as the IBM 3081. The ratio of the amount of circuitry in the 3081 to its performance was significantly worse than other IBM systems of the time; its price/performance ratio wasn't quite so bad because IBM had to cut the price to be competitive. The major competition at the time was from Amdahl Systems -- a company founded by Gene Amdahl, who left IBM shortly before the FS project began, when his plans for the Advanced Computer System (ACS) were killed. The Amdahl machine was indeed superior to the 3081 in price/performance and spectaculary superior in terms of performance compared to the amount of circuitry.]

... snip ..

FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

the 308x originally was only to ship multiprocessors and never ship single processor product. the problem was that ACP/TPF (airline control program & being used for some financial networks) didn't have multiprocessor support ... and they were afraid the whole ACP/TPF market would move to clone makers (that continued to offer single processor machine). There was quick&dirty effort to come out with 3083 by removing one of the processors from 3081 (one of the 1st issues was processor0 was at the top of the machine ... just removing processor1 in the middle would have made the machine dangerously top-heavy)

and
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html
Adding the third even smaller computer came out with normal profit! IBM management decided not to do it, for it would advance the computing capability too fast for the company to control the growth of the computer marketplace, thus reducing their profit potential. I then recommended that the ACS lab be closed, and it was.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 29 Jan 2017 11:23:20 -0800
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
Apparently a last minute change:

A decision by IBM in May 1968 to modify the project to support S/360 compatibility resulted in the name change from ACS-1 to ACS-360 for the computer being designed. ... The ACS-360 project was canceled in May 1969;

So, 1 year trying to include compatibility then they threw in the towel. But those same "disruptive" changes did go to market:

however, many of the innovations resulting from the project would eventually find direct realization in the IBM RS/6000...

Lynn has characterized the FS project as one that put a halt to S/360 software/hardware enhancement.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#60 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#61 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#75 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#81 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#84 The ICL 2900

Amdahl was working on 360 compatibility from the start ... but was "disregarded" ... it wasn't until 1968 that he won the "shootout" with the ACS-1 faction.

the description has the ACS-1 group designing a non-compatible machine, it was Amdhal that was responsible for a 360 compatible ... and various folklore talks about shoot-out between ACS-1 and ACS-360 ... with Amdahl winning. Amdahl extended ACS-360 design to also include 1/3rd speed and 1/9th speed to address the whole 360 makret (rather than just high end supercomputer). reference to "shootout"
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Amdahl: We ended up having a shoot-out. The two of us who did the 360-compatible version won. We established that in fact we could achieve more performance at lower cost.

...
Bob Evans came out to ACS with about five technical people and they held a shoot-out. We won and I was made the lab manager. The first thing I did was have the two smaller computers costed. I then submitted the three system plan to corporate pricing. The single highest speed computer was a loss leader. The second smaller computer added made a break-even program. Adding the third even smaller computer came out with normal profit! IBM management decided not to do it, for it would advance the computing capability too fast for the company to control the growth of the computer marketplace, thus reducing their profit potential. I then recommended that the ACS lab be closed, and it was.

... snip ...

and
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs.html
Amdahl's opinions about the advantages of compatibility were disregarded in 1965, and by 1967 he was quarantined by the ACS leadership because of his continued advocacy for compatibility. In early 1968, he began discussing a compatible design with John Earle, who sketched out a five-gate-level pipelined implementation. In May 1968, IBM east-coast management approved a "shoot-out" between ACS-1 and AEC/360 (the "Amdahl-Earle Computer" proposal).

Amdahl and Earle won the shoot-out, and a decision was made to convert the project to S/360 compatibility. Gone were the extended floating point formats and the unique ACS-1 instruction set design. Several members of the hardware and software architecture team left at this point, but the project continued under Amdahl's leadership. The compatible design was called the ACS/360, and several of the ACS innovations undergirded the design. For example, like the ACS-1, the ACS/360 was planned as the first computer with multiple instruction decoding and issue, and it would also have been the first to use a branch target buffer (called at that time "prefetch sequence control registers").

In May 1969, IBM east-coast management rejected Amdahl's plan for three ACS/360 models, and the project was cancelled. However, the legacy of the ACS project extended beyond the cancellation, although sometimes without recognition that the ideas were developed as part of ACS or descended from ACS work. Some of these ideas include multiple condition code registers, dynamic instruction scheduling techniques, numerous compiler optimization techniques, branch target buffer design, I/O to cache techniques, MECL-III high-speed ECL circuits, scan-out and FRU (Field Replaceable Unit) techniques.


... snip ...

Ferguson/Morris 1993 "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World"
http://www.amazon.com/Computer-Wars-The-Post-IBM-World/dp/1587981394

Describes Future System was completely different and was going to completely replace 370 ... and 370 efforts were being shutdown ... and the lack of 370 products during the period allowed clone processors to gain market foothold.

The rise and fall of IBM (by senior IBM executive)
https://web.archive.org/web/20160410090830/http://www.ecole.org/en/seances/CM07

Talks about the major motivation for Future System was competition from clone controllers, the objective was to so change the architecture and make the interface between processor and I/O controllers so complex that there would be no (easy) entry for clone controllers.

past FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

I've posted before about doing clone controller as undergraduate at the Univ. starting with Interdata/3 ... and four of us getting written up for (some part of) clone controller business. It evolved into Interdata/4 (handling channel interface) and cluster of Interdata/3s handling port/line scanner function. past clone controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

I also periodically tell the story about Amdahl having seminar in large MIT auditorium in the early 70s talking about his new clone mainframe company. At one point somebody in the audience asked how he convinced the money people to back his company. He replied that even if IBM walked completely away from 360, there was enough customer 360 software it would keep him in business through the end of the century. This sort of implies that he knew that Future System was in the works, but he claims that he didn't know anything about it. He was also given bad time with questions about becoming almost totally foreign company (with major ownership and all manufacturing from outside the country).

and ... I periodically contend that John Cocke
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cocke

He is considered by many to be "the father of RISC"

... snip ..

started designing 801/risc during Future System period that would be the exact opposite of the Future System complexity. I joined the RS/6000 group in the 80s ... and my HSDT project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

is credited with helping bring the RIOS chip design in a year early. HSDT had 7M satellite dish next to the engineering bldg in Austin and 4.5M dish in Los Gatos running high-speed satellite links. Austin group used the link to constantly ship design to the logic simulators (for validation) in Los Gatos and San Jose.

I then had the HA/CMP doing RS/6000 high availability and cluster scaleup for both commercial and scientific/technical
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

also
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html
Sidebar: Multithreading

In summer 1968, Ed Sussenguth investigated making the ACS/360 into a multithreaded design by adding a second instruction counter and a second set of registers to the simulator. Instructions were tagged with an additional "red/blue" bit to designate the instruction stream and register set; and, as was expected, the utilization of the functional units increased since more independent instructions were available.


... snip ...

I've periodically mentioned that I got sucked into effort to do multithreaded 370/195 (that was never announced or shipped).

and
Sidebar: ES/9000 high-end processors

The ACS/360 structure appears to have influenced the design of the IBM ES/9000 high-end ("520-based") processors some twenty-odd years later. The ES/9000 high-end processors were structured as:

I-decoding

128 KB I-cache 4 K entry BHT; presence of branch in BHT indicates predict-taken five 64-bit instruction buffers ability to decode up to two instructions per cycle (e.g., a branch can be decoded in parallel with preceding instruction but not with following instruction) instructions tagged with two predicted-branch-path bits

ACE, with three effective address adders

I-ACE with two-entry queue; can execute LA instructions on its own D-ACE with four-entry queue SXE-ACE

BXE, for controlling branch prediction and resolution

can execute BC instuctions on its own

GXE, for executing fixed-point instructions

six-deep instruction queue, which can start up to two instructions per cycle in certain cases (e.g., one instruction has a general register result and the other has a storage result)

FXE, for executing floating-point instructions

six-deep instruction queue, which can start up to one instruction per cycle

SXE, for executing the storage-to-storage, decimal, and system control instructions register renaming

32 32-bit physical fixed-point registers (for 16 architected registers) 16 64-bit physical floating-point registers (for 4 architected registers) two backup register assignment lists kept, one per predicted branch path (i.e., provides branch misprediction recovery) ability to complete (i.e., retire) up to two instructions per cycle synchronous interrupts recognized when instruction completes


... snip ... --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 29 Jan 2017 11:35:12 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#85 The ICL 2900

The rise and fall of IBM (by senior IBM executive)
https://web.archive.org/web/20160410090830/http://www.ecole.org/en/seances/CM07

found where they moved it
http://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 30 Jan 2017 10:31:08 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
I understand. However, DEC hardware could not be shipped until we produced software to test, debug and implement the hardware.

Science Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

had joint distributed project with Endicott ... early use of the VNET (internal network, larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime 85 or 86)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

that developed CP67 virtual machine emulation for 370 architecture. Then there was CP67 kernel modification to run in those 370 virtual machines.

Cambridge 360/67 regularly ran
"cp67l" system on real hardware "cp67h" system in 360/67 virtual machine supported virtual 370 "cp67i" system running in 370 virtual machine

cp67h didn't normally run in cambridge machine because there were students and professors from boston/cambridge area univ. also using the machine ... and there was need extra security to isolate support for unannounced 370 virtual memory.

cp67h/cp67i was regularly running for a year before the first engineering 370/145 with virtual memory was operational. In fact when engineering 370/145 was deemed operational, cp67i boot was used first used to test ... and it immediately failed. It turned out that engineers had reversed implementation of two of the new "B2" opcodes ... that problem was quickly identified and cp67i was quickly patched to match the (incorrect) implementation.

As 370/145s were becoming available internal (still not shipped to customers), lots of places were running cp67i ... and two engineers came out from San Jose to add 3330 & 2305 support to cp67i which became cp67sj.

Later 370/165 was having loads of problems retrofitting virtual memory support ... and the decision was made to cut a lot of features from base 370 virtual memory architecture ... to cut 6months from the 370/165 time (allowing virtual memory support to be announced and shipped earlier). That met that all the other machines & software that had already implemented the additional features ... had to be redone.

Also, as part of cp67l/cp67h/cp67i effort, the original CMS multilevel source update processing was developed ... trivia: melinda varian, author of vm history paper,
http://web.archive.org/web/20050924051057/http://www.princeton.edu/~melinda/index.html

contacted me in the mid-80s about the original multilevel source update ... which I turned out to have in archives. I pulled it off and transmitted to her. It was lucky timing, I had triple-redundant archive tapes ... all in the IBM Almaden tape-library. Unfortunately Almaden was to have operational problem where random tapes were being mounted as scratch ... and within a couple months all those tapes were over written.

past posts mentioning cp67l/cp67h/cp67i
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#0 HONE was .. Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#31 determining memory size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#27 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#50 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#59 intel's Vanderpool and virtualization in general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#17 DOS/360: Forty years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#18 Exceptions at basic block boundaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#39 Behavior in undefined areas?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#50 virtual 360/67 support in cp67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#27 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#38 Is VIO mandatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#7 About TLB in lower-level caches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#5 3380-3390 Conversion - DISAPPOINTMENT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#21 Virtual Virtualizers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#26 Mainframe Limericks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#19 Source maintenance was Re: SEQUENCE NUMBERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#1 Materiel and graft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#45 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#49 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#3 IBM sues maker of Intel-based Mainframe clones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#20 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#12 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#16 when was MMU virtualization first considered practical?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#74 GETMAIN/FREEMAIN and virtual storage backing up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#23 GETMAIN/FREEMAIN and virtual storage backing up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#68 EXCP access methos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#69 EXCP access methos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#36 SEs & History Lessons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#38 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#49 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#1 PDP-10s and Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#3 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#17 old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#51 Source code for s/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#63 Source code for s/360 [PUBLIC]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#60 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#23 Item on TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#31 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#74 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#69 Boeing Plant 2 ... End of an Era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#72 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#80 TSO Profile NUM and PACK
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#27 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#34 Data Areas?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#62 Any cool anecdotes IBM 40yrs of VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#71 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#22 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#57 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#39 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#124 Early Networking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#86 Computer/IBM Career

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 30 Jan 2017 10:53:44 -0800
Stephen Wolstenholme <steve@easynn.com> writes:
One of the ICL machines I worked used water cooled modules. I forget which model it was. The cooling system never went wrong. I also worked on fixed disc system that used water and air cooling. The water cooling never failed and was maintenance free. OTOH the air cooling needed the fans and filters to be cleaned at least once a week.

the large 370s, 308x, 3090, etc used closed (distilled) water inner loop heat exchange to external chilled water cooler.

there was thermal sensor on the inner loop ... however at one customer they lost flow on the external water side ... and by the time the (internal) thermal sensor was tripped ... but by then it was too late ... the capacity of the inner loop couldn't handle the heat in the system and fried a bunch of circuits. after that they put flow sensors on the external water side.

308x started with (liquid cooled) thermal conducting modules. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#37 How to learn assembler language for OS/390 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#7 hot chips and nuclear reactors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#5 Microcode? (& index searching)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#43 What was old is new again (water chilled)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#21 Supervisory Processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#31 Hardware failures (was Re: Scary Sysprogs ...)

IBM Field Service had bootstrap diagnostic process ... that started with scoping for failed components. with everything inside thermal conducting modules, that was no longer process. That started the "serivce processor" for 3081 ... a computer that could be scoped/diagnosed ... which then connected to lots of probes into the termal conducting moduels ... which then used to diagnose those modules. The 3081 service processor had ROI software where everything had to be invented from scratch. For the 3090, they decided to use a 4331 running a modified version of vm370 release 6 and all service software running in CMS. Before customer ship, they moved to a pair of redundant 4361s (in place of 4331). One of the 3090 requirements for the 3092 (4361 service processors) was a pair of 3370 FBA disks ... even for MVS installations (MVS never had FBA disk support)

past posts discussion FBA disks, CKD disks, multi-track search,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

past posts mentioning 3092
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#10 Different Implementations of VLIW
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#50 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#34 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#71 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#62 3090 ... announce 12Feb85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#13 Last card reader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#21 Supervisory Processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#58 Why can't the track format be changed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#23 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#38 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#0 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#27 Getting at the original command name/line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#30 GUI vs 3270 Re: MVS Quick Reference, was: LookAT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#31 Hardware failures (was Re: Scary Sysprogs ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#14 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#7 More IBM DASD RAS discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#86 3033

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 30 Jan 2017 11:32:10 -0800
hancock4 writes:
But the world of business was cruel. The Director retired, and the manager expected to be appointed in his place. Instead the manager was fired. Go figure.


There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question. Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF 1927-1997

From the dedication of Boyd Hall, United States Air Force Weapons School, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. 17 September 1999


disclaimer: I use to sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 30 Jan 2017 12:27:53 -0800
Jon Elson <elson@pico-systems.com> writes:
I think that slowing down and making a much more modest jump in the technology was a very wise decision. Going to the 360/85 (ICs and indirect water cooling) and the model 195 was a big enough jump. Someone on here a month or two ago mentioned they used 360/85s internally to IBM, and theat they were not reliable. I believe most (maybe all) of the /85s were used at NSA, and don't think they would have tolerated poor reliability. So, maybe those units used internally were first production models and never got some important upgrades. The 360/85 was the prototype for the 370/165, and was pretty close to the actual 370/165 hardware. I think a major difference was the /85 was built with 16-bit SRAM chips, and by the time the /165 was made, they had progressed to 64-bit SRAMs. The SRAM was used in the storage buffer (cache) as well as the writable control store. The /85 had fixed control store derived from 360/50 and /65 capacitive ROS technology plus 500 words of writable control store. I think the /165 was all writeable. Anyway, the 370/165 and /168 were VERY successful models, and my experience with a /168 was it was one of the most reliable IBM mainframe systems in at that time. (Of course, the DAT environment on the /168 allowed them to close a whole bunch of holes in the OS that had been responsible for lots of unreliability, too.)

I mentioned earlier in the thread regarding acs_end multithreading and getting sucked into helping with multithreading 370/195 (which was never announced or shipped). One of the things the 195 engineers said was that the 195 had so many circuits ... that even with a very high circuit MTBF ... 360/195 still had some number of faults. A big change going to 370/195 (and improving reliability) was adding instruction retry for transient faults.

I've mentioned before being asked over in mainframe mailing list about decision to migrate all 370s to virtual memory (modulo 370/195 which was much bigger problem than even 370/165 mentioned recently). Response was that MVT had really horrible storage allocation and typical regions were four times larger than needed to offset the storage allocation problem. A typical 370/165 with 1mbyte memory only ran four regions .. however migrating to virtual memory ... it could increase number regions by a factor of four and still do little or no paging.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#74 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#81 Multiple Virtual Memory

Initial move of MVT to virtual memory was SVS ... was essentially MVT operating in single 16mbyte virtual address space ... a little bit of software to create/manage that virtual address space. The biggest effort involved MVT I/O paradigm where applications either directly or indirectly (via library sofware) built their own CCWs (i/o channel programs) and executing EXCP/SVC0 kernel call to executie the I/O.

The CCWs work with "real" addresses, but SVS applications were building CCWs with virtual addresses. EXCP processing then needed to make a copy of the passed channel programs ... substituting real addresses for the virtual addresses. This was the largest amount of code needed ... and they borrowed the equivalent routines from CP67 (CCWTRANS) for the bases of their implementation.

I later got into big dustup with the MVS RAS (reliability, availability, serviceability) group when I rewrote I/O supervisor for disk engineering labs. ... posts getting to play disk enginneer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

They had bunch of 370 machines scheduled around the clock (7x24) for testing. They had tried MVS hoping to enable multiple concurrent testing ... but MVS had 15min MTBF (in that environment) requiring manual reboot. I offered to rewrite I/O supervisor making it bullet proof and never fail ... enabling on-demand, concurrent testing, greatly improving productivity. I wrote an internal paper on all the details and happened to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... which brings the wrath of the MVS group down on my head (i was told that they tried to have me separated from the IBM company, but were unable ... but they held a grudge and used their influence in other ways).

upthread ... mention troubles retrofitting virtual memory to 370/165 resulted in dropping lots of features from original 370 virtual memory architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#87 The ICL 2900

trivia: big change going from 165 to 168 was changing from 2micosec memory to 480 nanosec memory.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System%2F370_Model_168
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3168.html

big change going from 168-1 to 168-3 was doubling cache size from 16kbytes to 32kbytes. To do that they used the 2k bit in the address ... which only worked with 4k virtual pages (didn't work in 2k virtual pages) ... so it was very much a MVS machine. There was a large customer running VS1 (that used 2k virtual pages) under vm370 and upgraded from 168-1 to 168-3 and saw significant throughput decrease. The additional problem was that vm370 normally had control register in 4k mode ... but would switch to 2k mode when running virtual operating system that used 2k. The 168-3 problem was that everytime page size mode was change, the complete cache had to be flushed.

I mentioned earlier working with the 3033 processor engineers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#75 The ICL 2900

who were remapping 168-3 logic to 20% faster chips (and previously were 168 engineers) ... they mentioned one of the other things moving from 165 to 168 was optimization of the 370 microcode implementation that reduced avg 370 instruction machine cycles from 2.1 machine cycles to 1.6 machine cycles/370-instruction

other posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#60 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#61 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#81 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#84 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#85 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#86 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#88 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#89 The ICL 2900

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PDP-10 enthusiasts resurrect ancient MIT operating system

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PDP-10 enthusiasts resurrect ancient MIT operating system
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 31 Jan 2017 08:32:09 -0800
PDP-10 enthusiasts resurrect ancient MIT operating system Incompatible Timesharing System now compatible with modern machines
https://www.theregister.co.uk/AMP/2017/01/30/pdp10_enthusiasts_resurrect_ancient_mit_operating_system/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
Date: 31 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2017/01/the-rollback-of-neoliberalism.html

disclaimer: 1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of securitized mortgages supporting documents. securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild was office bldgs in Dallus/FtWorth that turn out to be empty lots). They then find that they can pay rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when rating agencies know that they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documentation and they can start doing no-documentation liar loans. It was major factor in being able to do over $27T 2001-2008 (especially selling to institutions restricted to dealing only in "safe" investments, like large pension funds). From the law of unintended consequences, the largest TBTF economic mess fines so far are for the robo-signing mills fabricating the missing documents (also top item regarding current SECTREAS nomination).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

There was facade that $700B TARP funds were appropriated to buy the TBTF offbook toxic assets but just the four largest TBTF were still carrying $5.2T ye2008. Also Jan2009 there was news about it was too hard to evaluate value of these offbook toxic assets for purchase ... but is was "too hard" because they were no-documentation, liar loans (also several tens of billions in offbook toxic assets had gone for 22cents on the dollar late summer 2008; if the offbook toxic assets had been bought at that price, the TBTF would had been declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated). In any case, TARP was used for other purposes and the FED bought trillions in offbook toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. FED fought long hard legal battle to prevent disclosure of what they were doing. When they lost, the FED Chairman held press conference to say that he thought the TBTF would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

VP and former CIA director claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

Jan2009 (decade after being asked to try & help prevent the economic mess), I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into '29crash, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it awhile and then get call saying it won't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Paying for triple-A (and immediately selling everything off), allowed lenders no longer to care about borrower's qualification and/or loan quality. Then they found they could design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims and take-out CDS gambling debts that they would fail (now they cared about loan quality, but not exactly as you would expect). The largest holder of CDS gambling bets was AIG. AIG was negotiating to payoff at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was firm formerly headed by SECTREAS.

Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.

... snip ...

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky disproved Economists' assumption that people make rational decisions ... dubunking Friedman's financial theories assuming rational man ... getting Kahneman (a psychologist) Nobel Prize in economics.

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc1200-1206:
There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning Friedman:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#16 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#63 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#18 Once the dust settles, do you think Milton Friedman's economic theories will be laid to rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#54 speculation: z/OS "enhancments"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#68 Bernanke Hearings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#2 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#34 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#72 Five Outdated Leadership Ideas That Need To Die
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#34 If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
Date: 31 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook
The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds-ebook/dp/B01GI6S7EK/

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky disproved Economists' assumption that people make rational decisions ... loc:1155-59:
He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the people you know are idiots." Kahneman (a psychologics) gets Nobel Prize in economics, in part for debunking Friedman economic theories that assumed rational people.

... snip ...

Another part of "undoing" has to do with when faced with missing information ... people frequently attempt to force fit something familiar and certain for the unknown. loc2769-71:
After he had heard Amos explain how the mind arranged historical facts in ways that made past events feel a lot less uncertain, and a lot more predictable, than they actually were, Biederman felt certain that his and Danny's work could infect any discipline in which experts were required to judge the odds of an uncertain situation—which is to say, great swaths of human activity.

... snip ...

I've periodical claimed something similar carries over into Relational DBMS, I was involved in the original SQL/relational implementation. past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

I've partially characterized as taking shortcuts to improve performance for financial transactions by going to regular tables with uniform information. One of the long-term problems is that unknowns/nulls are constantly advised against ... in part because SQL queries will frequently result in the inverse of what a human would expect. trivia: at the some time as original SQL/relational implementation, I also got con'ed into helping implement a graph (rather than table) relational DBMS ... which handles 3-value logic and is significantly better at handling unknown and non-uniform information.

past posts mentioning 3-value logic:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#40 How to cope with missing values - NULLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#75 NULL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#15 Amusing acronym
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#35 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#19 Implementation of boolean types
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#20 So what's null then if it's not nothing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#23 So what's null then if it's not nothing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#33 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#34 CJ Date on Missing Information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#22 3 value logic. Why is SQL so special?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#27 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#21 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#30 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#1 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#34 Is the Relational Database Doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#32 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#70 My War On SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#30 SQL injection attack claims 132,000+
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#65 You know you've been Lisp hacking to long when
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#8 Initial ideas (orientation) constrain creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#6 "hexadecimal"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#77 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#123 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#152 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#175 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#63 Do we really?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#24 You thought IEFBR14 was bad? Try GNU's /bin/true code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#13 Computers anyone?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 31 Jan 2017 16:11:44 -0800
hancock4 writes:
Not sure if this will mean anything since Federal and State agencies already have extensive rules in place.

IMHO, federal law enforcement agencies should be doing more to track down virus and malware makers.


Trump stresses cybersecurity but postpones executive order
http://www.computerworld.com/article/3163786/security/trump-stresses-cybersecurity-but-postpones-executive-order.html

When I was writing the financial industry privacy standard (originally x9.99, which was going to ISO standard, so needed to take into account other countries) .... financial industry somewhat ambivalent ... they wanted a standard they could point to and saying they were meeting ... but they didn't want it too strong.

Something similar happened when we were brought in to word-smith some cal. state legislation ... some of the things they were working on was electronic signature act, data breach notification act (first in country), and opt-in personal information sharing (privacy).

at the time, they had done detailed privacy-related public surveys and the #1 issue was fraudulent financial transactions as result of breaches ... and there was little or nothing being done about it. Issue was that normally entities take security measures in self protection ... however in the case of breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public. It was hoped that publicity from notifications might prompt corrective action. Since then there have been half dozen or so federal data breach notifications bills introduced (none yet passed) that would effectively eliminate most requirements for notification.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

In the case of the opt-in personal information sharing act ... which would require a record on file indicating that you had approved divulging/sharing your personal information. Before it was able to pass ... a (federal preemption) "opt-out" provision was added to GLBA (now better known for repeal of glass-steagal) ... which allows sharing/divulging your information unless there is record on file of you objecting. Note at 2004 national privacy conference in DC, there was panel discussion with all the FTC commissioners. Somebody in the audience asked if they were going to do anything about "opt-out" ... he said that he worked for call-center technology company and all the major financial institution 1-800 "opt-out" operators weren't provided any mechanism for recording public objections (so there would never be a record objecting). The FTC commissioners just ignored him.

In any case, getting back to x9.99 draft ... as part of the effort there was meetings with the HEW/HHS people responsible for HIPAA. They said that it dates back to the 70s ... and it was constant battle with congress trying to get it passed ... and at the time, there was still no provisions for enforcing the security requirements. I also included in the x9.99 introduction the part from the cal. data breach notification act ... it was the public that was at risk, not the institutions ... and therefor they frequently had little motivation to do anything.

other posts mentioning x9.99
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#21 Identity (was PKI International Consortium)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#45 x9.99 financial PIA standard now available from ANSI e-store
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#47 authentication and authorization ... addenda
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#28 x9.99 privacy note
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#32 EMV cards as identity cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#35 de-identification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm20.htm#2 US consumers want companies fined for security breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#21 Identity v. anonymity -- that is not the question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#26 Fraudwatch - how much a Brit costs, how to be a 419-er, Sarbanes-Oxley rises as fraud rises, the real Piracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#33 Mozilla moves on security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#57 Our security sucks. Why can't we change? What's wrong with us?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#51 Know Your Enemy: Scott McNeally on security theater
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#24 Fixing SSL (was Re: Dutch Transport Card Broken)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#26 Fixing SSL (was Re: Dutch Transport Card Broken)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#50 Liability for breaches: do we need new laws?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#aadsnwi AADS NWI vote
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#8 x9.99 privacy impact assessemnt (PIA) standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#36 More Phishing scams, still no SSL being used
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#9 phishing web sites using self-signed certs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#18 XBOX 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005v.html#3 ABN Tape - Found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#44 Does the Data Protection Act of 2005 Make Sense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#37 the personal data theft pandemic continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#25 garlic.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#39 On sci.crypt: New attacks on the financial PIN processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#61 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#10 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#72 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#15 T.J. Maxx data theft worse than first reported
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#13 EZPass: Yes, Big Brother IS Watching You!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#26 The new urgency to fix online privacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#29 The new urgency to fix online privacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#55 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#6 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#44 Education ranking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#45 Education ranking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#94 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#47 Data Erasure Products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#4 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#55 Is data classification the right approach to pursue a risk based information security program?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#66 With all the highly publicised data breeches and losses, are we all wasting our time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#70 Why SSNs Are Not Appropriate for Authentication and when, where and why should you offer/use it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#71 TJ Maxx - why are they still in business?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#2 Keeping private information private
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#5 Privacy, Identity theft, account fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#7 Dealing with the neew MA ID protection law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#62 IRS Mainframe Not Secure Enough
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#29 is privacy a security attribute(component or ?). If yes, why? If no why not?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#59 As bonuses...why breed greed, when others are in dire need?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#60 OCR scans of old documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#23 Database Servers: Candy For Hackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#33 IBM touts encryption innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#50 WSJ.com The Fallacy of Identity Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#17 U.K. lags in information security management practices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#21 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#2 Five Theses on Security Protocols
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#56 About that "Mighty Fortress"... What's it look like?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#65 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#76 e-commerce smackdown as PCI standards revised
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#45 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#68 Why the US needs a data privacy law -- and why it might finally get one
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#49 Do you know where all your sensitive data is located?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#47 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#61 Big Data Is Opening Doors, but Maybe Too Many
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#65 The Real Snowden Question

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
Date: 01 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
https://www.publicintegrity.org/2017/02/01/20645/trump-wall-street-and-banking-caucus-ready-rip-apart-dodd-frank

there is: "Confidence Men" pg430:

But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.

... and "Age of Greed" pg370:
In addition, the Justice Department was now investigating reduced rate mortgages Mozilo allegedly sold to Senators Chris Dodd of Connecticut and Kent Conrad of North Dakota, as well as two former heads of Fannie Mae, Jim Johnson and Franklin Raines. They were known as "Friends of Angelo."

... snip ...

Angelo, #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess/financial crises
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

VP and former CIA director claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

Jan2009 (decade after being asked to try and help prevent the economic mess), I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into '29crash, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it awhile and then get call saying it won't be needed after all (comments that capital hill was buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
Date: 01 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank

disclaimer: 1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of securitized mortgages supporting documents. securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild was office bldgs in Dallus/FtWorth that turn out to be empty lots). They then find that they can pay rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when rating agencies know that they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
(triple-A) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Triple-A rating trumps supporting documentation and they can start doing no-documentation liar loans. It was major factor in being able to do over $27T 2001-2008 (especially selling to institutions restricted to dealing only in "safe" investments, like large pension funds). From the law of unintended consequences, the largest TBTF economic mess fines so far are for the robo-signing mills fabricating the missing documents (also comes up in the confirmation of curent SECTREAS nomination).

There was facade that $700B TARP funds were appropriated to buy the TBTF offbook toxic assets, but just the four largest TBTF were still carrying $5.2T ye2008. If the offbook toxic assets had been brought back on the books, the TBTFs would had been declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated (late summer 2008, some $60B in offbook toxic assets had gone for 22cents on the dollar).

"too big to fail" ("too big to prosecute", "too big to jail")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

In any case, TARP was used for other purposes and the FED bought trillions in offbook toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. FED fought long hard legal battle to prevent disclosure of what they were doing. When they lost, the FED Chairman held press conference to say that he thought the TBTF would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds).

Fed Chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
and ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Paying for triple-A (and immediately selling everything off), allowed lenders no longer to care about borrower's qualification and/or loan quality. Then they found they could design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims and take-out CDS gambling debts that they would fail (now they cared about loan quality, but not exactly as you would expect). The largest holder of CDS gambling bets was AIG. AIG was negotiating to payoff at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was firm formerly headed by SECTREAS.

#2 on times list of those responsible for economic mess, responsible for GLBA (and repeal of Glass-Steagall), but here for getting law passed preventing regulation of CDS (gambling bets) ... at the time characterized as "gift" to ENRON
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 01 Feb 2017 15:35:31 -0800
hancock4 writes:
That is a reason that self regulation is usually inadequate and an outside force is necessary.

In the 1930s, Wall Street strenuously insisted that no regulation was needed, but New Deal policies not only protected the public, but protected Wall Street from itself. Things like the SEC, prohibition of insider trading, separate of investment banking, much higher margin requirements, honest financial statements, did a lot to promote business health.

One shudders to think where we'd be if we didn't have the FDA testing drugs for effectiveness and safety before they were marketed. Indeed, even with that, the drug makers still push drugs for all sorts of things, and push hard.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#94 Trump to sign cyber security order

note congress exempted themselves from the insider trading regulations ... and several members of congress were found to have done significant trades after being briefed by Greenspan on the imminent financial crash ... just one of long list of things that motivate references that congress is the most corrupt institution on earth.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

I've periodically mention that Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearing (30s congressional hearings into crash of '29, resulted in glass-steagall and jail terms, references that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill) ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee executives and auditors did jail time, but it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings ... even showing increase after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jail time). Past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

Less well known is that SOX also contained provision that SEC does something about the rating agencies ... but they did as much about the rating agencies as they did about public company fraudulent financial filings. Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the rating agencies played in the financial mess ... found that they were selling triple-A ratings on securitized mortgages even when they knew they knew they weren't worth triple-A. Past triple-A rated toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

During the Oct2008 hearings one of the TV reporters commented that there would never be federal prosecution of the rating agencies because they could blackmail the federal gov. with credit rating downgrade.

One of the things from recent "The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds"
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds-ebook/dp/B01GI6S7EK/re

loc2276-79:
He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the people you know are idiots."

... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets Nobel Prize in economics ... in part for debunking Milton Friedman's theories involving rational man.

From "Economic Man" to Behavioral Economics
https://hbr.org/2015/05/from-economic-man-to-behavioral-economics

Irrationality's Revenge

Savage and the economist Milton Friedman wrote in 1948, the proper analogy was to an expert billiards player who didn't know the mathematical formulas governing how one ball would carom off another but "made his shots as if he knew the formulas."

Somewhat amazingly, that's where economists left things for more than 30 years. It wasn't that they thought everybody made perfect probability calculations; they simply believed that in free markets, rational behavior would usually prevail.


... snip ...

Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.

... snip ...

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc1200-1206:
There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.

... snip ...

VP and former CIA director claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair

because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later, 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference at NYC Waldof-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
http://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

Results in the 50s include adding "Under God" to the pledge of allegiance and "In God We Trust" to currency

From the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic bombing program needed industrial and military targets and locations in Germany, they got the information from wallstreet.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

360 & Series/1

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 360 & Series/1
Date: 01 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
One of the baby bells did a vtam&37x5ncp on series one with significant more function and significantly more performance and much better price/performance. I got sucked into doing project to move it to rs/6000 (RIOS) base with enormous increased performance and price performance. I did lengthy presentation on the effort in Raleigh. What the communication group did next (to block the effort) can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction.

To mainframe vtam they simulated everything as cross-domain, with all resources owned by the distributed environment

IBM bought ROLM which used all Data General boxes. ROLM then ordered more than years production of Series/1. To get the series/1 as part of effort ... I had to do some horse trading with the ROLM data processing manager ... I would do some work for them, if they would let me have some Series/1

The Peachtree processor used in the series/1 was significantly more capability than the processors used in the 37x5 controllers. There was effort in the early 70s to get the communication group to use Peachtree ... but they wouldn't do it

There was an internal "greencard" done in IOS3270 (trivia 3090 service processor was 4361 running vm370/cms with all the screens done in IOS3270). I've done q&d conversion to html
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html

The VMSG author also did parasite/story in the late 70s. The PROFS group had picked up a very early version of VMSG to use as their email client. Later when the VMSG author offered a much improved version, they tried to get him fired (because they had taken credit for the email client). Everything quieted down when the VMSG author demonstrated that his initials were in a non-displayed field in every PROFS email. Afterwards he only shared source with me and one other person.

Parasite/story used VM370 logical device support (and pass-through virtual machine, PVM), implemented HLLAPI-like functionality (well before HLLAPI) and was small enough that ran in CMS transient area. old post with parasite/story description and sample stories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#35
"story" that automagically logs into RETAIN and retrieves all "PUT" buckets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#36

More trivia: IMS hot-standby really wanted the Series/1 vtam/ncp simulation. One of the problems they had was fall over could happen in a couple minutes ... but it could require a couple hours to reestablish all the VTAM sessions (large customers could have tens of thousands of sessions) ... vtam session initiation was heavy weight operation and overhead increased non-linearly with number of sessions. One of the functions the Series/1 support was "shadow" sessions ... any time a session was initiated with vtam ... a shadow session could be done with the IMS hot-standby vtam (which eliminated the vtam fall-over session initiation elapsed time).

Must have been when my wife was in kindergarten ... she was in the gburg JES group and head of POK con'ed her into going to POK to be in charge of mainframe loosely-coupled architecture. She did peer-coupled shared data architecture, but didn't last very long ... in part because of constant battles with the communication group trying to force her into using SNA/vtam for loosely-coupled operation ... and in part because of very little uptake (except for IMS hot-standby ... until sysplex and parallel sysplex).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

old post with part of the Raleigh presentation comparing the series/1 implementation to 37x5 box
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67

the communication group tried to discredit my 37x5 numbers ... however, I've mentioned before that one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long-time customer ... and I used the communication group's HONE 37x5 "configurator" for all data. Old post with part of baby bell presentation at (IBM user group) COMMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 01 Feb 2017 19:10:33 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#94 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order

The original S&L regulator in the 80s refused to go along with the deregulating requests. He was asked to resign so somebody that would go along could be appointed.
http://www.amazon.com/Two-Trillion-Dollar-Meltdown-Rollers-ebook/dp/B0097DE7DM/

loc655-67:
By the time Pratt had finished, it was possible for a single individual to take control of an S&L, then organize and lend to multiple subsidiaries -- for land acquisition, construction, building management, and the like -- and create his own small real estate empire entirely with depositors' money.

... snip ...

... and by the guy that took down keating:

The Best Way to Rob a Bank is to Own One
https://www.amazon.com/Best-Way-Rob-Bank-Own-ebook/dp/B00H5B9Z80/

keating had written memo to the "keating five" (senators) to "get black -- kill him dead".
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

past posts referencing Black:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#26 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#32 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#41 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#43 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#44 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#46 What Gates Didn't Get Done
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#83 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#80 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#21 Thomas Piketty Is Right About the Past and Wrong About the Future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#80 Companies on trial: are they 'too big to jail'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#153 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#92 Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#0 S&L Crisis and Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#31 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#41 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#108 Occupy Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#54 The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#38 LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#48 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#34 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#35 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#52 U.S. Big Banks: A Culture of Crime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#53 How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 01 Feb 2017 20:49:39 -0800
JimP. <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
Someone actually told me it would create jobs... and I replied that if the water is undrinkable and we cannot breathe the air, no one will be alive to worry about jobs.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#94 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#99 Trump to sign cyber security order

Congress is attacking clean water safeguards in order to protect the coal industry
http://www.military-technologies.net/2017/02/02/congress-is-attacking-clean-water-safeguards-in-order-to-protect-the-coal-industry/
House Republicans Vote to End Rule Stopping Coal Mining Debris From Being Dumped in Streams
http://time.com/4657438/congressional-republicans-environmental-regulations-coal-streams/
Mountaintop Removal Never Ended: Coal River Mountaineers Fight On
http://www.commondreams.org/views/2016/10/19/mountaintop-removal-never-ended-coal-river-mountaineers-fight
The Epic Rise and Fall of America's Most Notorious Coal Baron
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/09/blankenship-trial-king-coal-west-virginia
Scott Pruitt's Repeated Attacks on Americans' Water Resources
https://www.nrdc.org/experts/nrdc/scott-pruitts-repeated-attacks-americans-water-resources

other

claims that Johns Hopkins rejected black lung diagnosis for decades
https://www.publicintegrity.org/2016/11/02/20416/class-action-lawsuit-filed-against-johns-hopkins-hospital-over-black-lung-program

The Center investigation found that the longtime leader of the unit, Dr. Paul Wheeler, had read X-rays in more than 1,500 cases just since 2000 but never once found a case of severe black lung, despite the fact that other doctors looking at the same films found evidence of the disease hundreds of times. Wheeler's credentials and longtime affiliation with Johns Hopkins often trumped those of all other doctors involved, and administrative judges credited his reports over those of other doctors and denied more than 800 claims.

... snip ...

Amid Controversy, Johns Hopkins Quietly Drops Black Lung Program
http://abcnews.go.com/US/amid-controversy-johns-hopkins-quietly-drops-black-lung/story?id=34161753

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2017 09:42:04 -0800
maus <mausg@mail.com> writes:
in reference to the above, several points;

The Undoing project is out of print, will be reprinted, and posted then.

I have wondered recently if the two `markup' ideas. TeX and HTML, could be combined...

If lobbyists always win out, is any reform possible?


out of print???

Hardcover ... published 6Dec2016 ... if it is out of print ... they sold out in less than 2 months
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds/dp/0393254593/
lots of ebook tho
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds-ebook/dp/B01GI6S7EK/

recent posts referencing "Undoing Project"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#14 Japanese company replaces office workers with artificial intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#66 Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2017 10:17:38 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Hardcover ... published 6Dec2016 ... if it is out of print ... they sold out in less than 2 months
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds/dp/0393254593/
lots of ebook tho
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds-ebook/dp/B01GI6S7EK/


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#101 Trump to sign cyber security order

for a little related dataprocessing content

these posts has "Undoing Project" references from 1970
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#14 Japanese company replaces office workers with artificial intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#66 Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer

I remember reading articles about this in the early 70s

The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds; loc2276-79:
The Oregon researchers went and tested the hypothesis anyway. It turned out to be true. If you wanted to know whether you had cancer or not, you were better off using the algorithm that the researchers had created than you were asking the radiologist to study the X-ray. The simple algorithm had outperformed not merely the group of doctors; it had outperformed even the single best doctor. You could beat the doctor by replacing him with an equation created by people who knew nothing about medicine and had simply asked a few questions of doctors.

... snip ...

and part of psychologist getting Nobel prize in economics ... debunking Milton Friedman's theories involving rational man
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition

Another part of "undoing" has to do with when faced with missing information ... people frequently attempt to force fit something familiar and certain for the unknown. loc2769-71:
After he had heard Amos explain how the mind arranged historical facts in ways that made past events feel a lot less uncertain, and a lot more predictable, than they actually were, Biederman felt certain that his and Danny's work could infect any discipline in which experts were required to judge the odds of an uncertain situation—which is to say, great swaths of human activity.

... snip ...

I've periodical claimed something similar carries over into Relational DBMS, I was involved in the original SQL/relational implementation. past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

I've partially characterized as taking shortcuts to improve performance for financial transactions by going to regular tables with uniform information. One of the long-term problems is that unknowns/nulls are constantly advised against ... in part because SQL queries will frequently result in the inverse of what a human would expect. trivia: at the some time as original SQL/relational implementation, I also got con'ed into helping implement a graph (rather than table) relational DBMS ... which handles 3-value logic and is significantly better at handling unknown and non-uniform information.

The funny thing is that the graph relational forces have had ongoing battles mainstream relational dating back to late 70s ... but recently IBM came out with announcement about a graph relational product ... making the same claims about its benefits that we've been claiming for almost 40yrs.

other past posts mentioning 3-value logic:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#40 How to cope with missing values - NULLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#75 NULL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#15 Amusing acronym
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#35 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#19 Implementation of boolean types
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#20 So what's null then if it's not nothing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#23 So what's null then if it's not nothing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#33 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#34 CJ Date on Missing Information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#22 3 value logic. Why is SQL so special?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#27 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#21 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#30 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#1 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#34 Is the Relational Database Doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#32 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#70 My War On SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#30 SQL injection attack claims 132,000+
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#65 You know you've been Lisp hacking to long when
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#8 Initial ideas (orientation) constrain creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#6 "hexadecimal"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#77 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#123 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#152 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#175 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#63 Do we really?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#24 You thought IEFBR14 was bad? Try GNU's /bin/true code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#13 Computers anyone?

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2017 10:57:37 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Hopefully, the EPA has been curtailed. They've been very busy trying to put small and medium farms out of business for the last 8 years via an insane interpretation of the Clean Air and Waterways Act.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#100 Trump to sign cyber security order

GOP Lawmaker Drafting Bill To Abolish The EPA
http://climatechangedispatch.com/gop-lawmaker-drafting-bill-to-abolish-the-epa/
President Trump promised to eliminate the "Department of Environmental Protection" on the campaign trail, but walked back this position and said he's refocus EPA to its core mission of protecting air and water quality -- not fighting global warming.

... snip ...

Florida Congressman Drafts Bill To "Completely Abolish" The EPA
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/bill-to-abolish-epa_us_5890e638e4b02772c4e9c552?ld4owug4bfgsnhfr

however, they're already into attacks on "protecting air and water" by eliminating bans on dumping coal mining debris in water supply.

With regard to climate ... even DOD/Pentagon has placed climate change up near the top of their list of risks along with various other ecology related problems (lack of clean water, etc) ... even ahead of problem with China passing US as #1 economy and increasing number of computer chips that DOD uses are made in China (and possibility that those chips will have back doors).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2017 14:06:49 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#100 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#103 Trump to sign cyber security order

Note that there is long history of "regulatory capture" dating back to at least 80s (but periodically predating that), not only for the financial industry polluting the economy, but lots of drug industry capture of FDA, oil, mining, corporate farming capture of EPA ... when the laws and regulations can't be eliminated, "regulatory capture" means that that regulations aren't enforced for their friends.

In the 80s, there was big influence of Friedman & wallstreet eliminating financial regulations ... but both Bush1 & Bush2 era had regulatory agencies also ignoring regulations ("regulatory capture") for their friends

VP and former CIA director claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

Keating appeared to come close to getting the banking auditor from taking him down with his memo to the "keating five" (senators) to "get black -- kill him dead".
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

Last decade, the (visible) financial posterchild could be considered Madoff. In the congressional Madoff hearings, they had the person that tried unsuccesfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC "hands" were forced when Madoff turned himself in, speculation that he had defrauded some unsavory characters and was looking for government protection).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

But there is also the joke last decade that Treasury department was Goldman-Sachs branch office in Washington. There are constant claims that corporations pay 35percent profit tax ... but lots of large corporations have been paying 5% or less tax. Then there is Sarbanes-Oxley which claimed that it would guarentee executives and auditors would go to jail, but (also) required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings ... even show increasing after SOX goes into effect (and no jailtime). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

However, there having been lots of other examples of large corporations compromising other regulatory agencies.

Past posts mentioning "regulatory capture":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#25 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#7 FDR explains one dimension of our problem: bankers own the government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#20 The Big Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#35 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#94 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#20 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#86 What Makes a thread about the European debt crisis Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#1 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#2 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#34 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#36 Fed proposes annual assessments for large financial companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#55 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#14 Barclays, Traders Fined $487.9 Million by U.S. Regulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#15 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#78 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#26 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#32 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#38 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#7 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#48 Ex-Wall Street chieftains living large in post-meltdown world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#52 Lehman Brothers collapse: was capitalism to blame?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#77 OCC Replies to Elizabeth Warren Reveal Extent of Regulatory Capture on Derivatives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#8 copyright, was Re: 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#90 Elizabeth Warren Responds To Third Way Attack By Asking Wall Street To Disclose Ties
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#50 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#47 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#4 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#67 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#71 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#81 Stanford Law School Covers Up SEC's Andrew Bowden's Embarrassing Remarks by Deep-Sixing Conference Video
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#11 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#16 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#18 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#19 Have the Banks Escaped Criminal Prosecution because They're Spying Surrogates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#41 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#49 Global Fragility and the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#24 Wall Street Bailouts Are Finally Over, Right?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#23 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#38 LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#67 Economics Has a Math Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#73 Economists' Tribal Thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#87 Calls for SEC Chair's Replacement Grow Louder in DC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#21 How Corrupt Is the American Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#16 There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#23 How Generation Y is paying the price for baby boomer pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#53 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#84 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#26 How the computer transformed economics. And didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#98 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#101 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#49 How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970







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