List of Archived Posts

2011 Newsgroup Postings (07/01 - 07/21)

Cyberwar vs. Cyber-Espionage vs. Cybercrime
Vector processors on the 3090
'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
pdp8 to PC- have we lost our way?
Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled
'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
Vector processors on the 3090
'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
Got to remembering... the really old geeks (like me) cut their teeth on Unit Record
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Web version of mainframes
PDCA vs. OODA
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
PDCA vs. OODA
Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Wondering if I am really eligible for this group. I learned my first programming language in 1975
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Leaving the world of standard operating procedures
Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
The OODA-loop "exit"
At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
Leaving the world of standard operating procedures
Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
Architecture / Instruction Set / Language co-design
Joint Design of Instruction Set and Language
Low Carb Mavericks, John Boyd and the Art of War
Speed matters: how Ethernet went from 3Mbps to 100Gbps... and beyond
FW: Mysterious Email (original had no subject)
Speed matters: how Ethernet went from 3Mbps to 100Gbps... and beyond
Joint Design of Instruction Set and Language
Announcement of the disk drive (1956)
Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
Zen and Connaturality
Architecture / Instruction Set / Language co-design
Wasn't instant messaging on IBM's VM/CMS in the early 1980s
U.S. can't account for $8.7 billion of Iraq's money: audit
Why the US needs a data privacy law -- and why it might finally get one
Making Z/OS easier - Effectively replacing JCL with Unix like commands
Pentagon Struggles To Keep Ships Sailing, Planes Flying As Budget Cuts Loom
The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?
NYTimes: IBM, helped by new mainframe sales, exceeds analysts' expectations
The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?
The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?
Check out June 2011 | TOP500 Supercomputing Sites
DG Fountainhead vs IBM Future Systems
program coding pads
The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?
Innovation and iconoclasm
Greed, Excess and America's Gaping Class Divide
Greed, Excess and America's Gaping Class Divide

Cyberwar vs. Cyber-Espionage vs. Cybercrime

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 01 Jul, 2011
Subject: Cyberwar vs. Cyber-Espionage vs. Cybercrime
Blog: Fear, Honor, and Interest
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#60 Cyberwar vs. Cyber-Espionage vs. Cybercrime

recent articles:

Breaches and Security, By the Numbers
http://www.technologyreview.com/news/424538/breaches-and-security-by-the-numbers/
Cyber attacks outpace global response, U.S. warns
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/07/01/us-cybercrime-idUSTRE7601JH20110701
Secret Service Reveals How It Stalks Cybercriminals
http://www.fastcompany.com/node/1764286
Hackers 'should fight cyber spies'
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/8609295/Hackers-should-fight-cyber-spies.html

this is old post about attempting to do taxonomy from exploit cve database:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#43

I talked to Mitre about possibly getting a little more structure into the reporting -- but (at the time) they said they were lucky getting any description at all.

Mitre CVE:
http://cve.mitre.org/

and NVD at nist:
http://nvd.nist.gov/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Vector processors on the 3090

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Vector processors on the 3090
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Jul 2011 08:35:54 -0700
lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:
try search "linkpak 3090 vf" for various other refs

finger slip ... that should be linpack (not linkpak)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LINPACK

first top 500 doesn't have ibm mainframe
http://www.top500.org/list/1993/06/100/

old post w/s-computer sep86 list of supercomputers on bitnet (post previously refed):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#61 TF-1

lists a couple 3090/VF

posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#68 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#69 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#70 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#72 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#73 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#74 Vector processors on the 3090

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 01 Jul, 2011
Subject: 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
Blog: Facebook
'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-07-01/berkshire-s-munger-says-wall-street-megalomania-insanity-fueled-bubble.html

from above:
'The bubble in America was caused by some combination of megalomania, insanity and evil in, I would say, investment banking, mortgage banking,' Munger, 87, said today at a conference in Pasadena, California.

... snip ...

There was an "aha" moment during the bubble burst when investors realized that the rating agencies were selling triple-A ratings (on toxic CDOs) and wondered whether they could trust any of the ratings. This resulted in the muni-bond market "freezing". Buffett/Berkshire then stepped in with muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market.

when Buffett made the muni-bond insurance announcement, he said that it wasn't totally altruistic, that he was planning on making profit (off investors afraid that they could no longer trust rating agencies, finding out that they were selling triple-A ratings on toxic CDOs)

misc. past posts reference Buffett's muni-bond insurance:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#20 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#81 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#53 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#30 The first personal computer (PC)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

pdp8 to PC- have we lost our way?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: pdp8 to PC- have we lost our way?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 01 Jul 2011 16:11:12 -0400
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
This really set VM back on its heels. VM was open-source before the term was invented. Much more than OS/360, though probably not as much as JES2, many major enhancements to VM were made by users who were able to access the source.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#75 pdp8 to PC- have we lost our way?

CP67 and HASP was somewhat compareable source availability ... although incremental source updates were invented for CP67 and maintenance was done via source updates.

HASP and then JES2 started using the CP67 incremental source update process internally (as did VM370). The problem for JES2 was there was an internal MVS process and there was some contortion to translate the (CP67/VM370 based) incremental source update into the internal MVS process for product ship (which didn't include source maintenance for product/customers).

Recent post about JES2 networking issue ... in this case "pricing" as application software in wake of 23Jun69 unbundling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#62 Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled

JES2 inherited its networking support from HASP networking ... which used spare entries in the (256-entry) psuedo-device table to define node-ids. The HASP networking code carried the identifier "TUCC" out in columns 68-71 (customer location where code originated).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

For the internal network, the HASP/JES2 networking support had whole set of problems. First it had intermixed networking fields with job-control fields ... interconnect between HASP/JES2 at different release levels could result in crashing HASP/JES2 and bringing down the whole operating system. HASP/JES2 would throw stuff away if it didn't have the definition for either the destination or the origin node. Since standard HASP/JES2 could have 60-80 psuedo-device entries (for psuedo unit record printer/punch/reader devices), that left only 170-190 entries for defining network nodes. The internal network had fairly quickly exceeded 200 network nodes (the internal network was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until late '85 or possibly early '86)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

With hundreds of nodes all over the world, it was literally impossible to guarantee all nodes operating at the same software release level and with more nodes than could be defined by JES2, JES2 couldn't be trusted not to trash large amount of traffic (assuming it didn't crash the system). As a result, internal JES2 network nodes were restricted to edge-nodes behind some vm370 node.

VM370 networking grew up with clean separation of components ... so it was fairly easy to do a NJI driver that talked to JES2 (as alternative to native vm370 drivers). Internally a whole library of (vm370) NJI drivers grew up that would translate NJI header information into general form and then format for specific JES2 release that was on the other end of link. There was famous case of JES2 system in San Jose at one level crashing MVS/JES2 systems (at different level) in Hursley ... because the Hursley VM370 didn't have the correct NJI driver started to keep MVS/JES2 from crashing (and yes, they blamed the crashes on vm370).

As mentioned in the unbundling reference, when they went to announce the JES2 networking product ... they couldn't come up with pricing that resulted in covering the cost of the product. Now VM370 networking had a much larger customer install forecast and radically lower development&maint cost ... which initially resulted in "low price" of $30/month. The eventual "solution" was to announce as a "combined" product at $600/month ... effectively vm370 networking product underwriting cost of JES2 networking.

eventually, JES2 expanded maximum number of supported nodes to 999, but it wasn't until after the internal network was over 1000 nodes (and later still increased that to 1999 nodes after the internal network had passed 2000 nodes).

other posts in the recent unbundling thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#61 Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#63 Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled

other unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

old reference to Melinda looking for original CP67 implementation for incremental source update:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#42 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#48 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#3 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 03 Jul 2011 08:36:01 -0400
Stephen Wolstenholme <steve@tropheus.demon.co.uk> writes:
That clearly demonstrated that Unix was the first vulnerable OS. Earlier operating systems, mainly for mainframes, were less vulnerable.

the xmas card was almost exactly a year earlier on bitnet; although more of social engineering ... a CMS exec that user had to execute (after loading from network) ... which did xmas greeting display but also (re-)sent to all your friends. exploit is similar to various ploys getting people to download something and execute on their local machine.

actually was involved in looking at the exposure more than decade earlier (mid-70s, sending somebody an exec that they were to execute, which did things that they weren't aware of).

for the fun of it ... old post with example of typical xmas exec greeting (w/o any hidden stuff) ... this one from 1981, had been written in rexx and if (recipient ran) on 3279 would blink "lights" in color (I've attempted to reproduce in html; at the moment, garlic.com is down for another couple hrs doing some maint)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#54 An old fashioned Christmas

vmshare xmas exec ref 10dec87
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse?fn=CHRISTMA&ft=PROB

risk digest ref (by Joe Morris) on risk digest (21dec87)
http://catless.ncl.ac.uk/Risks/5.81.html#subj1

this was BITNET ... mostly ibm mainframes at institutions of higher learning in the US ... interconnected with similar EARN in europe ... misc. past posts mentioning BITNET/EARN
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

it used technology similar to internal network (which was larger than arpanet/internet from just about beginning until possibly late '85 or early '86) ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

recent post with reference to mainframe networking technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#3 pdp8 to PC- have we lost our way?

morris worm (nov88)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_worm

past posts mentioning morris worm & xmas exec
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#87 CompUSA to Close after Jan. 1st 2008
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#2 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#58 Linux zSeries questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#26 CA ESD files Options
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#44 Two views of Microkernels (Re: Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#28 Mainframe Hacking -- Fact or Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#9 'Here you have' email worm spreads quickly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#73 Mainframe hacking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#9 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#50 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#24 Fear the Internet, was Cool Things You Can Do in z/OS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 03 Jul 2011 08:55:38 -0400
Stephen Wolstenholme <steve@tropheus.demon.co.uk> writes:
I don't know how secure 370 operating systems were/are. I worked on VME when it passed all the military security requirements. That was why it was widely sold to clients who needed high security. See
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICL_VME

security enhancements for details. SFAIK Fujitsu have maintained that level of security since absorbing ICL.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#4 Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78

old reference to long ago and far away (4th flr)
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

which i didn't learn about until much later ... but I guess might have represented something of rivalry between 4th flr and 5th flr; 5th floor reference:
http://www.multicians.org/site-dockmaster.html

recent reference to (other) small rivalry between 4th flr and 5th flr:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#70 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube

more from 5th flr:
http://www.multicians.org/multics.html

semi-related recent thread (both 4th flr and 5th flr trace back to CTSS)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#44 OT The inventor of Email - Tom Van Vleck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#49 OT The inventor of Email - Tom Van Vleck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#51 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#54 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck? (Part One)

other old posts about 5th floor:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#42 Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security Evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#44 Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security Evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#45 Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security Evaluation

misc. past posts mentioning 545 tech sq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 03 Jul 2011 09:14:56 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#4 Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#5 Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78

oh, recent reference to PROFS and iran/contra (congressional subpoena for emails) ... executive branch wasn't the only gov. operation using PROFs for email in the early 80s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#73 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer

VMSG was an internal email client. The PROFS group picked up a very early 0.xx version of the source and used it for PROFS (wrapped a bunch of menu stuff around various applications). Later, when the VMSG author contacted the PROFS group with offer for much enhanced, current version of the source, the PROFS group attempted to get him fired. The whole thing quieted down after it was shown that every PROFS email carried the VMSG author's initials in a non-displayed control field. After that, the VMSG author only shared the source with two other people.

misc. past posts mentioning PROFS &/or VMSG:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#46 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#35 Newbie TOPS-10 7.03 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#39 Newbie TOPS-10 7.03 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#40 Newbie TOPS-10 7.03 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#58 history of CMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#59 history of CMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#64 history of CMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#50 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#4 HONE, ****, misc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#34 VSE (Was: Re: Refusal to change was Re: LE and COBOL)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#45 hyperblock drift, was filesystem structure (long warning)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#69 Gartner Office Information Systems 6/2/89
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#56 Goodbye PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#26 Microsoft Internet Patch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#13 Mainframe Virus ????
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#43 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#23 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#4 Another BIG Mainframe Bites the Dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#42 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#31 IBMLink 2000 Finding ESO levels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#32 IBMLink 2000 Finding ESO levels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#4 The Genealogy of the IBM PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#13 Why is switch to DSL so traumatic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#50 Using rexx to send an email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#29 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#54 An old fashioned Christmas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#55 An old fashioned Christmas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#46 Whitehouse Emails Were Lost Due to "Upgrade"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#59 Happy 20th Birthday, AS/400
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#8 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#16 Mainframe hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#41 another item related to ASCII vs. EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#34 IBM Poughkeepsie?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#33 U.S. house decommissions its last mainframe, saves $730,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#38 U.S. house decommissions its last mainframe, saves $730,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#43 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#64 spool file tag data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#1 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#8 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#44 sysout using machine control instead of ANSI control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#87 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#97 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#88 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#61 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#4 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#45 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#4 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#10 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#65 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#67 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#83 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#81 A History of VM Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#82 A History of VM Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#13 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#12 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#57 SNA/VTAM Misinformation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#77 Internet pioneer Paul Baran
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#88 Would mainframe technology be relevant in the age of cloud computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#92 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#95 VM IS DEAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#11 History of APL -- Software Preservation Group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#73 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 03 Jul, 2011
Subject: Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled
Blog: IBMers
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#61 Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#62 Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#63 Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled

There was sort of sequence with litigation and the (23jun69) unbundling announcement and starting to charge for (application) software (but not kernel software), then the side-track into FS (and killing off various 370 development) which allowed clone processors to gain market foothold, then the death of FS and mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 hardware and software product pipelines.

The clone processor competition contributed to decision to start charging for kernel software which went thru several stages ... until all kernel software was being charged for. After transition to charging for all kernel software ... there then was announcement for transition to OCO and the OCO-wars (i.e. object code only). This was especially traumatic for vm370/cms customers since it had history (dating back to cp67) of providing software maintenance in source code (with a process of incremental source updates that had been developed for cp67).

I had continued doing 360/370 stuff through the FS period (periodic ridiculing FS activities ... even claiming some of the stuff I had running was better than their vaporware descriptions; possibly not the best career enhancing). Recent discussion/thread (IBM Mainframe 1980's on You tube) in customer ibm-main mailing list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#70
and in a.f.c. newsgroup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#75

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 03 Jul, 2011
Subject: 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#2 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger

and ..

Too Big to Fail: Inside America's Economic Downfall
http://www.creditloan.com/blog/too-big-to-fail-inside-americas-economic-downfall/

from above:
Most call it one of the biggest financial crises in living memory. Others call it one great big Ponzi scheme. Whatever you want to call it, a bunch of people lost a bunch of money and the world of high finance may never be the same. But don't worry -- that doesn't mean that we've fixed all these problems or punished the people responsible. It just means that next time you can't get a loan or a higher credit limit, the banks will have an excuse.

... snip ...

recent mention of internet bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#59 SSL digital certificates

financial bubble, some overlap with this old article

25 People to Blame for the Financial Crisis
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

past posts mentioning the above:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#38 People to Blame for the Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#39 'WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE GLOBAL MELTDOWN'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#49 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#53 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#55 Who will give Citigroup the KNOCKOUT blow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#65 is it possible that ALL banks will be nationalized?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#10 Who will Survive AIG or Derivative Counterparty Risk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#28 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#61 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#63 Do bonuses foster unethical conduct?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#0 What is swap in the financial market?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#13 Should we fear and hate derivatives?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#35 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#29 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#38 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#53 What every taxpayer should know about what caused the current Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#7 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#33 Treating the Web As an Archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#76 Undoing 2000 Commodity Futures Modernization Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#17 REGULATOR ROLE IN THE LIGHT OF RECENT FINANCIAL SCANDALS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#54 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#74 Administration calls for financial system overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#77 Financial Regulatory Reform - elimination of loophole allowing special purpose institutions outside Bank Holding Company (BHC) oversigh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#16 TIME's Annual Journey: 1989
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#18 Another one bites the dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#21 The Big Takeover
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#30 An Amazing Document On Madoff Said To Have Been Sent To SEC In 2005
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#35 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#5 Internal fraud isn't new, but it's news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#56 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#84 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#51 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#77 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#47 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#82 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#92 Who's to Blame for the Meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#28 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#36 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#29 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#9 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#38 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#40 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 03 Jul, 2011
Subject: At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/mk79ZS

various of the operations that operate mega-datcenters with hundreds of thousands of blades have published various articles about their selections ... detailed studies of commodity priced parts for MTBF, life-expectancy, price/performance, energy consumption, etc. There are some claims that they managed to build much better infrastructure with carefully selected commodity priced components & at 1/3rd the cost of off-the-shelf "branded" blades. availability is then built into the infrastructure fabric (as opposed to any specific blade; aka build the best MTBF for individual blades out of commodity parts and then gain additional availability by having enormous numbers of replicated blades ... followed by replicated medga-datacenters). Virtualization is also playing larger & larger role in availability technologies for these operations

there is new industry of "container" computing ... standard shipping container jam-packed with blades, cooling, power ... with mega-datacenters then might have hundreds of such containers. on article on the industry from 2yrs ago (even IBM is playing) ... there is mention that SUN (now Oracle) was first to offer (with 280 quad-core processors)
http://www.datacentermap.com/blog/datacenter-container-55.html
more recent article:
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/05/02/cisco_containerized_data_center/
mega-datacenter pue comparison
http://www.vertatique.com/mega-data-centers-boom-or-bust
this has 256 quad-core XEON 5400 in single rack (again from 2yrs ago)
http://itknowledgeexchange.techtarget.com/data-center-facilities/data-center-high-density-vs-low-density-is-there-a-paradox/
more recent, facebook giving away its mega-datacenter design
http://www.technologyreview.com/news/423570/facebook-opens-up-its-hardware-secrets/
and
http://opencompute.org/

Jim Gray was instrumental in forming TPC (initially with TPC-A) after leaving IBM Research for Tandem
http://www.tpc.org/information/about/history.asp
old references to Jim palming off some number of things as he was leaving:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801006 ,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016

consulting with IMS development group, interface to customers running System/R, etc ... some number of past posts mentioning original relational/sql
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

current is TPC-C
http://www.tpc.org/tpcc/default.asp
TPC-E
http://www.tpc.org/tpce/default.asp
and TPC-H
http://www.tpc.org/tpch/default.asp

you don't see mainframe. If anything, it seems like IBM is trying to revitalize mainframe by infusing it with technologies from other environments. Gov. labs. I remember in the 90s moving off mainframes they were perfectly happy with ... because their existing support staff was retiring and they couldn't find replacements (visiting labs when announcements were made and listening about having open positions for over a year that they were unable to backfill). Part of the issue was Y2K was then happening same time as internet bubble ... internet startups were offering enormous compensation and financial industry was outbidding nearly everybody else for dwindling mainframe skills.

Blade Server Demand Driving High-Density Zones
http://esj.com/articles/2011/03/22/high-density-zones.aspx
blade servers
http://www.thinkmate.com/systems/supermicro/superblade
high-density blade servers
http://www.tyan.com/solutions/high_density_blade_servers.aspx
Supercomputing beyond academia
http://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/news/1024876/supercomputing-academia

there tends to be some overlap between high-density blade servers, datacenter "containers", power and cooling efficiencies, etc (with advances in particular areas helping drive advances in other areas. The evolution of the mega-datacenters having helped drive all areas (hundreds of thousands of processors with millions of cores). Potentially some of these individual mega-datacenters may have more computing capacity than the aggregate of all currently installed mainframes. It then would be natural for mainframes to start to look more & more like such operations (trivial example archaic, obsolete CKD DASD are now all simulated on real FBA disks).

misc. past posts mentioning mega datacenters:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#72 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#68 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#79 Google Data Centers 'The Most Efficient In The World'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#56 IBM drops Power7 drain in 'Blue Waters'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#90 A Faster Way to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#78 Entry point for a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#27 A "portable" hard disk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#62 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#51 Mainframe Hacking -- Fact or Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#14 Facebook doubles the size of its first data center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#3 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#46 The first personal computer (PC)

past posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#15 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#16 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#17 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#19 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#33 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#35 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#37 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#39 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#42 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#45 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#46 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#8 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#27 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Vector processors on the 3090

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Vector processors on the 3090
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 4 Jul 2011 09:28:43 -0700
rkuebbin@TSYS.COM (Kirk Talman) writes:
If this is the beast I think it is, it attached only to 360s as a channel that had outboard channels. Memory (no bit correction) says that was 44, 65, 75, 91, and 165/8 on 370. May be more. The "programs" were channel programs. I was told that this was the reason the 44 was created. And that it was 65 + lobotomy.

bitsavers 360/44 funtional characteristics:
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/A22-6875-5_360-44_funcChar.pdf

from above:
Although the Model 44 processing units is about the same in physical size (Figure 1) as that of its nearest neighbor, the Model 50, its performance on problems for which it is optimized is 30 to 60 per cent faster than that of Model 50.

... snip ...

and:
Processor storage speed for the Model 44 is 1 microsecond. Four bytes (one word or two halfwords) are stored or fetched in each access. Processor stroage, alwasy housed within the CPU, is availabe in the four capacities shown at the top of Figure 3.

Data paths throughout the CPU are one word wide.


... snip ...

functional characteristic for 360/40 (also on bitsaver) has two-byte datapaths

bitsaver is missing 360/50 functional characteristics

360/65 had 8byte data paths with 750ns memory

low-end & mid-range 360s (up to 360/50) had integrated channels, higher-end 360s (starting with 360/65) had external channels

past posts in these threads:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#68 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#69 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#70 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#72 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#73 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#74 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#1 Vector processors on the 3090

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970 Search the archives at http://listserv.ua.edu/archives/ibm-main.html

'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 04 Jul, 2011
Subject: 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#2 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#8 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger

CBS had segment circa 2002 or 2003 that one of the GSEs had more lobbyists than employees ... everybody that had ever been congressman, congressional staffer and/or in anyway related to congress were offered lobbying retainer. That was somewhat motivation for proposed legislation two yrs ago to make it illegal for GSEs to lobby. However, toxic CDOs held by just four largest too-big-to-fail institutions totally dwarfed GSEs (& TARP funds). It was so large that could only be handled behind the scenes by Federal Reserve.

past posts mentioning CBS & GSEs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#0 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#2 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#10 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles

misc other past posts mentioning GSEs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#76 lack of information accuracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#1 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#12 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#15 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#16 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#17 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#75 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#76 When risks go south: FM&FM to be nationalized
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#78 When risks go south: FM&FM to be nationalized
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#80 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#81 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#83 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#85 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#86 WSJ finds someone to blame.... be skeptical, and tell the WSJ to grow up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#87 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#92 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#7 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#14 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#24 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#33 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#37 Success has many fathers, but failure has the US taxpayer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#24 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 04 Jul 2011 15:56:12 -0400
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
This is caused in large part by the huge malpractice settlements juries have awarded. Republicans have been trying to reform this for years, but the doctors' lobby is a major contributor to the Democrats, so they haven't been able to make much headway.

medicaid is done by states but 50% funded by federal gov. Common estimates are that medicaid bills are inflated avg. 20-30% by providers (separate from fraud issues). In the past couple years, federal gov. has offerred to increase funding to 60% (i.e. 20% of states contribution) if the states aligned their billing and fraud reviews to federal standards. In some number of states, the lobbying by providers (services, appliances &/or equipment) have resulted in defeating legislation to conform with federal guidelines (not in anybody's interest except those providers).

it seems that part of this was the past couple years that many states used the federal stimulus funds to cover their part of medicaid funding. The overbilling and outright fraud is significantly more prevalent in some states.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 04 Jul, 2011
Subject: 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#2 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#8 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#11 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger

big reason for triple-A rated toxic CDOs was open up mortgages to much larger market (than GSEs and w/o the qualifications & restrictions required by GSEs) .. and the estimated $27T in triple-A toxic CDO transactions (done during the bubble) had enormous fees & commissions to wall street (that didn't exist with straight GSE mortgage purchases). Estimate that wallstreet tripled in size (as percent of GDP) during bubble and wallsteet bonuses spiked over 400% during bubble.
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

Bank of America Fights to Deflect Fraud Investigations
http://www.thewire.com/business/2011/06/bank-america-fraud-investigation-hindered/38793/
The battle is intensifying to hold Bank of America accountable for faulty foreclosures that may have scammed taxpayers out of billions is intensifying on a state level. In a lawsuit filed by the state of Arizona against the nation's largest lender, a federal auditor says that Bank of America "significantly hindered" a review of its foreclosure practices on loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration.

misc. past posts mentioning estimatae $27T in triple-A toxic CDO transactions and/or 400% spike in wallstreet bonuses (during bubble)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#8 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#16 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#28 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#0 PNC Financial to pay CEO $3 million stock bonus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#3 Congress Set to Approve Pay Cap of $500,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#59 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#41 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#56 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#65 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#1 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#27 Flawed Credit Ratings Reap Profits as Regulators Fail Investors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#3 Consumer Credit Crunch and Banking Writeoffs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#10 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#25 The Paradox of Economic Recovery
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#49 IBM to Build Europe, Asia 'Smart Infrastructure'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#35 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#15 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#42 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#48 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#33 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#40 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#24 What Is MERS and What Role Does It Have in the Foreclosure Mess?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#70 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#27 WikiLeaks' Wall Street Bombshell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#48 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#34 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#7 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#11 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#21 End of an era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#43 Massive Fraud, Common Crime, No Prosecutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#66 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#71 Pressing Obama, House Bars Rise for Debt Ceiling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#26 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 05 Jul 2011 10:14:08 -0400
greymaus <greymausg@mail.com> writes:
Same everywhere. Example being, drug companies providing 'incentives' to prescribing doctors to prescribe more expensive drugs.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#12 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

60mins had segment on medicare part-d legislation ... focusing on 18 congressmen&staffers that were instrumental in shepherding the bill through. Right at the end, they insert one liner that eliminates competitive bidding and they block distribution of CBO report that takes into account that change. 60mins then show side-by-side identical drugs, from veterans administration and medicare part-d ... the VA (allowing competitive bidding) drugs are 1/3rd the price of the same drugs under medicare part-d. they also found that all 18 (that sheperded the bill thru) within 6-12 months had resigned and were on drug company payrolls.

the comptroller general was on program that medicare part-d comes to represent $40T unfunded mandate ... totally swamping all other budget items ... and the bill was passed shortly after congress let the fiscal responsibility act expire.

random news item:

CHART OF THE DAY: 'Out Of Control Spending'
http://tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com/2011/07/chart-of-the-day-out-of-control-spending-not-really-out-of-control-at-all.php?ref=fpa

misc. past posts mention medicare part-d:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#61 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#0 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#34 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#35 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#46 not even sort of about The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#72 77,000 federal workers paid more than governors

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 05 Jul 2011 10:44:43 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
random news item:

CHART OF THE DAY: 'Out Of Control Spending'
http://tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com/2011/07/chart-of-the-day-out-of-control-spending-not-really-out-of-control-at-all.php?ref=fpa


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#12 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#14 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

in addition, the comptroller general also pointed out that the massive tax cuts also occured shortly after fiscal responsibility act expired (big decreases in revenue coupled with big increases in liabilities & spending)

some number of past posts mentioning comptroller general:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#41 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#44 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#9 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#14 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#27 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#2 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#3 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#4 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#17 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#19 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#33 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#61 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#17 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#0 Cray-1 Anniversary Event - September 21st
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#26 Universal constants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#20 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#91 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#19 Another "migration" from the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#74 Horrid thought about Politics, President Bush, and Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#22 U.S. Cedes Top Spot in Global IT Competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#7 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#1 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#13 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#14 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#15 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#24 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#25 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#33 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#35 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#26 2007 Year in Review on Mainframes - Interesting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#57 Computer Science Education: Where Are the Software Engineers of Tomorrow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#40 Computer Science Education: Where Are the Software Engineers of Tomorrow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#50 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#86 Banks failing to manage IT risk - study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#1 The Workplace War for Age and Talent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#3 America's Prophet of Fiscal Doom
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#26 The Return of Ada
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#98 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#8 Taxcuts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#9 Taxcuts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#17 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#20 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#55 Hexadecimal Kid - articles from Computerworld wanted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#86 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#87 IBM driving mainframe systems programmers into the ground
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#36 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#37 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#39 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#60 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#3 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#9 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#23 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#34 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#46 not even sort of about The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#79 Idiotic take on Bush tax cuts expiring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#69 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#75 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#72 77,000 federal workers paid more than governors

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 06 Jul, 2011
Subject: 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#2 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#3 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#11 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#13 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger

GSEs bought mortgages directly ... recent reference
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-06-30/fannie-mae-silence-on-taylor-bean-mortgages-opened-way-to-3-billion-fraud.html

... $27T in triple-A rated toxic CDOs transactions was to open mortgage market to other customers. Buying triple-A rating also enabled no-documentation mortgages (eliminated need for most supporting documentation). It also created enormous (new) fees and commissions in many quarters.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Got to remembering... the really old geeks (like me) cut their teeth on Unit Record

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 07 Jul, 2011
Subject: Got to remembering... the really old geeks (like me) cut their teeth on Unit Record
Blog: Old Geek
re:
http://lnkd.in/hGm6Pp
and:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#80 Got to remembering... the really old geeks (like me) cut their teeth on Unit Record

box/tray of cards &/or coffee cups on top of 1403N1 printer ... cover would automatically lift when ran out of paper (see above post on porting 1401 MPIO to 360/30 in assembler ... eventually box of cards). carton of cards would have been five boxes.

IBM at bitsavers:
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/

... 1401 & unit record:
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/140x/
and 144x
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/144x/

and then
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/punchedCard/

which as the following directory/folders:


AccountingMachine/
CardControlledTapePunch/
Collator/
DocumentOriginatingMachine/
ElectronicStatisticalMachine/
Interpreter/
Keypunch/
Punches/
Sorter/
Tabulator/
Training/
Verifier/

... snip ...

magic marker diagonal line across top of deck of cards from one corner of the top to the opposite corner. new cards added &/or replaced would be unmarked ... so periodically remark the deck.

originally when CP67 was installed at the univ (jan68), the source was on os/360 and assembled there. assembly of each source module would produce a "TXT" (binary/executable) deck. They would be arranged in card tray. Rebuild the kernel required ipl/boot the card deck. (loaded into memory, it would write the memory image to disk for IPL).

Each "TXT" deck would have diagonal line plus the name of the module (with magic marker). Update the source image on os/360, re-assemble, take new TXT deck, mark it across the top and replace the corresponding deck in the card tray, reboot the whole card tray, and then reboot the system from disk.

As CMS became more reliable, the source was moved from OS/360 to CMS (running in virtual machine). Each individual source image could be assembled on CMS producing a TXT file. A CMS exec would "punch" the "TXT" files to the virtual punch which was setup to "transfer" to the virtual reader (rather than going to "real" punch). The virtual reader could be IPL'ed and the virtual memory image written to the real disk (which could then be "real" IPLed). The process continued with vm370 for another couple decades.

The source routines were sequenced by 100 and the CMS editor could resequence each file after editing (new, changed, deleted card images). Each source file had assembler "ISEQ 73,80" at the start of the file (instructions to the assembler to check sequential numbers in cols. 73-80 ... left over from real card days).

A incremental source change process was then started. Rather than edit the source file and resequence the whole file, a "update" file was edited ... which specified changes to the original source based on sequence numbers (insert, replace, delete). The CMS UPDATE program would apply an update file to the original source, producing a temporary source file that was assembled ... producing a TXT deck. If you were inserting more cards than sequence could provide for, you replaced adacent cards that were renumbered to gain the additional sequence numbers. Originally, the edit update process required person manually type the sequence numbers in the new/replaced cards. Early on, I wrote a preprocessor to the update program that would manually put in appropriate sequence numbers before invoking the UPDATE program.

Then a process was created that could apply multiple different incremental updates sequentially ... producing the temporary source file. CP67 and then VM370 customers were use to maintenance being shipped in incremental update source form ... so when OCO (object-code-only) was eventually announced in the early 80s, it was especially traumatic. Recent post mentioning OCO-wars from a (linkedin) IBMers thread: "Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#7

a more lengthy recent post in a.f.c. about CP67 system build process
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#3

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Jul 2011 08:41:38 -0400
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
Then the US, under Clinton, just removed most of this legislation, and went back to how this was pre-1936. This happened in 1997, with most legislation becoming effective for the banks in 1999.

there was some interesting politics between the legislative branch and the executive branch at the time with different parties. The draft legislation was initially passed with majority (opposing party holding majority in the legislative branch) but not enough to overturn veto (the executive branch was prepared to veto GLBA). GLBA then underwent some amount of fine-tuning
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gramm-Leach-Bliley_Act

so eventually passed overwhelmingly 90-8-2 ... resulting in veto being a meaningless act.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

but it wasn't just Mr. & GLBA ... Mrs. & Commodity Futures Modernization Act also involved ... some additonal background ... long winded post from (linkedin) Financial Crime, Risk, Fraud and Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52
misc. other past posts with pieces of the above litany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#28 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#36 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#29 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman

On the floor of congress, the rhetoric about primary purpose of GLBA was that if you were already a (regulated) bank, you got to remain a bank, but if you weren't already a bank, you didn't get to become one (specifically calling out walmart & m'soft wouldn't get to become banks). Later TARP was passed to bail out the financial crash ... but the amount appropriated would hardly make a dent in the problem. So the Federal Reserve aggresively stepped-in behind the scenes to try and make the too-big-to-fail whole again. Problem was that Federal Reserve could only provide some amount of help for regulated chartered banks ... and some of the too-big-to-fail institutions weren't regulated chartered banks ... so Federal Reserve just gave them bank charters (which would theoritically have been precluded by GLBA).

Early spring 2009, I was contacted about HTML'ing the Pecora hearings (senate hearings leading up to Glass-Steagall, had been scanned at the Boston Public Library the previous fall) with extensive indexing, croos-references and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (some anticipation that the new congress might have some appetite to do something). After working on it for a couple months, got a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all (implication that new congress was being heavily lobbied by financial community). Misc. past posts mentioning Pecora hearings:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#58 OCR scans of old documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#59 As bonuses...why breed greed, when others are in dire need?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#77 Who first mentioned Credit Crunch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#40 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#56 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#65 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#33 Treating the Web As an Archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#22 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#25 The Paradox of Economic Recovery
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#40 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#57 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#35 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#23 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#2 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#20 U.K. lags in information security management practices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#25 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#53 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#73 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#6 Bookshelves under BookMangler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#28 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#52 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#68 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#69 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#73 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#74 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#4 Goldman Sachs -- Post SEC complaint. What's next?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#16 Fake debate: The Senate will not vote on big banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#77 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#7 Seeking *Specific* Implementation of Star Trek Game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#17 History--automated payroll processing by other than a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#8 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#67 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#36 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#7 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#16 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#54 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#59 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#16 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#29 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#53 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#49 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#84 The Imaginot Line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#53 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#19 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#27 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#6 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#24 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#55 CISO's Guide to Breach Notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#8 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Jul 2011 09:25:12 -0400
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
The isolation and insurance clauses made for some cumbersome banking transactions; and there was consensus that the whole system needed an overhaul to accommodate more modern financial system organisation, like CDOs, options strategies etc. Denmark always had a CDO like structure, and NL adopted one in the 1980s; fully within the compartmentalisation system as separate loan entities with full bookkeeping.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#18 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

CDOs had been used during the S&L crisis ... with fraudulent supporting documents ... the scams didn't find a large market ... in part because they lacked a credible rating. Around 2000, we were asked to look at methods for improving the integrity and trust in CDO supporting documents.

besides:
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
there is also:
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

note that it still isn't over (above reference to only $8.7B when there was an estimated $27T in triple-A rated toxic CDO transactions):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#2 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#8 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#11 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#13 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#16 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#13 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger

includes reference to recent item:

Bank of America Fights to Deflect Fraud Investigations
http://www.thewire.com/business/2011/06/bank-america-fraud-investigation-hindered/38793/

There was congressional hearings in the fall 2008 into the role that the rating agencies played in the financial bubble&collapse with testimony that rating agencies were selling triple-A ratings for toxic CDOs. One of the things that the triple-A ratings enabled was loan orginators could do no-documentation loans (since investors would look at the toxic CDO triple-A rating and not look any further). Eliminating need for supporting documents then also eliminated any issue about improving their trust and integrity.

Now, Commodities Futures Trading Modernization act also enabled ENRON (as per recent references to both Mr. & Mrs.). In the wake of ENRON, congress passed Sarbanes-Oxley ... which is mostly noted for enormous increase (big costs) in audit requirements ... but still required SEC to be doing something. However, in the congressional hearings into Madoff by the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get congress to do something about Madoff, SEC didn't appear to be doing much. Also, possibly because GAO didn't think that SEC was doing anything, GAO was doing reports of public company financial filings that showed uptic in fraudulent filings ... despite all the additional Sarbanes-Oxley audits (recent item from web: Enron was a dry run and it worked so well it has become institutionalized). A "snide" multiple-choice: 1) SOX had no effect on fraudulent filings, 2) SOX motivated the increase in fraudulent filings, 3) if it wasn't for SOX, all public company financial filings would be fraudulent.

It turns out that another provision in Sarbanes-Oxley was SEC to do something about rating agencies.

misc. past posts menioning GAO reports on public company financial filings and/or what SEC did regarding rating agencies:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#96 Bush - place in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#25 IBM's 2Q2008 Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#68 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#71 Why is sub-prime crisis of America called the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#8 Global Melt Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#19 Collateralized debt obligations (CDOs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#8 Top financial firms of US are eyeing on bailout. It implies to me that their "Risk Management Department's" assessment was way below expectations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#9 Blind-sided, again. Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#20 Five great technological revolutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#24 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#30 How reliable are the credit rating companies? Who is over seeing them?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#15 What are the challenges in risk analytics post financial crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#52 The Credit Crunch: Why it happened?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#73 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#37 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#54 In your opinion, which facts caused the global crise situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#57 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#59 As bonuses...why breed greed, when others are in dire need?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#73 What can we learn from the meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#80 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#1 Audit II: Two more scary words: Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#0 PNC Financial to pay CEO $3 million stock bonus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#37 NEW SEC (Enforcement) MANUAL, A welcome addition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#42 Bernard Madoff Is Jailed After Pleading Guilty -- are there more "Madoff's" out there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#7 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#33 Treating the Web As an Archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#12 IBM identity manager goes big on role control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#15 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#16 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#48 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#84 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#46 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#35 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#7 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#68 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#31 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#35 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Jul 2011 10:32:37 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#18 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

as per:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#14 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#15 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

there was combination of tax reduction and increased spending after fiscal responsiblity act expired in early part of century

this has graphs of total tax collection as percent of GDP and just corporate (total) tax collection as percent of GDP (compared to 25 some other countries):
http://thinkprogress.org/economy/2011/07/05/260535/graph-corporate-tax-second-lowest/

in 2008 there was TV news segment with roundtable of economists at some conference ... they made case for flat-tax

1) exemptions are major source of lobbying as well as fraud and corruption in our legislative process (i.e. high rate with exemptions producing very low effective rate creates environment that encourages corporations to spend large amounts on congress ... significantly contributing to observation that congress is the most corrupt institution on earth)

2) exemptions result in 65,000+ page tax code ... flat-tax would change that to 400 or so page tax code ... change could improve GDP productivity by possibly six percent (lost resources dealing with complexity of current code, non-optimial business decisions influenced by tax code provisions). improved productivity more than offsets any lost benefits with elimination of specific exemptions (costs dealing with the number of exemptions more than offsets the benefit of examptions ... other than financial benefit to members of congress).

lobbying isn't limited to just tax-code benefits ... as per the special non-competitive bid clause in medicare part-d ... aka
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#14 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

misc. past posts mentioning benefits of changing tax-code to flat-rate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#87 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#43 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#44 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#83 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#20 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#13 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#31 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#48 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#37 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#58 History--automated payroll processing by other than a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#69 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#73 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#14 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#74 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#18 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#8 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Jul 2011 11:08:39 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
CDOs had been used during the S&L crisis ... with fraudulent supporting documents ... the scams didn't find a large market ... in part because they lacked a credible rating. Around 2000, we were asked to look at methods for improving the integrity and trust in CDO supporting documents.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

note that the S&L crisis was change in S&L regulation ... one was cutting the reserves in half (presidential directed "economic stimulus") and another was drastically reducing S&L regulation and oversight.

The reduction in S&L regulation and oversight resulted in nearly anybody could buy an S&L and then make all sorts of personal loans ... drastically opening for conflict of interests (lots of loans to bank owners and officials at little or no interest ... which might default with no adverse actions). From "Two Million Dollar Meltdown":
... it was possible for a single individual to take control of an S&L, then organize and lend to multiple subsidiaries -- for land acquisition, construction, building management, and the like -- and create his own small real estate empire entirely with depositors' money.

... snip ...

a couple recent refs to book:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#76 The Two Trillion Dollar Meltdown: Easy Money, High Rollers, and the Great Credit Crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#40 Delinquent Homeowners to Get Mortgage Aid from Government

There were lots of snide remarks in the wake of the S&L crisis about qualifications for being an S&L official in a heavy regulated and stable industry. With the S&L de-regulation and cutting reserves in half, there were all these officials that found themselves in very unfamiliar waters. One of the issues was decisions on how to invest all the recently released reserves ... among other things, it turns out that they were sitting ducks for the investment bankers that swooped in with junk bonds.

There is industry folklore about the S&L regulator refused to do what the president asked. That S&L regulator was asked to resign and was replaced by appointee that did do as directed ... he is frequently named as major factor in S&L crisis (doing what the president asked). He is cited in "Two Million Dollar Meltdown".

misc. past posts mentioning S&L crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#49 Value of an old IBM PS/2 CL57 SX Laptop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#59 independent appraisers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#13 independent appraisers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#71 Bush - place in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#79 Bush - place in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#86 Banks failing to manage IT risk - study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#4 CDOs subverting Boyd's OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#51 IBM CEO's remuneration last year ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#57 Credit crisis could cost nearly $1 trillion, IMF predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#59 Credit crisis could cost nearly $1 trillion, IMF predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#64 independent appraisers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#1 subprime write-down sweepstakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#8a Using Military Philosophy to Drive High Value Sales
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#28 subprime write-down sweepstakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#32 subprime write-down sweepstakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#48 subprime write-down sweepstakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#49 subprime write-down sweepstakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#89 Credit Crisis Timeline
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#4 A Merit based system of reward -Does anybody (or any executive) really want to be judged on merit?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#30 subprime write-down sweepstakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#64 Is the credit crunch a short term aberation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#77 Do you think the change in bankrupcy laws has exacerbated the problems in the housing market leading more people into forclosure?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#104 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#23 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#38 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#69 lack of information accuracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#11 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#18 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#33 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#67 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#12 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#26 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#92 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#95 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#99 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#14 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#24 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#37 Success has many fathers, but failure has the US taxpayer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#49 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#56 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#69 Another quiet week in finance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#74 Why can't we analyze the risks involved in mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#14 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#15 Financial Crisis - the result of uncontrolled Innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#18 Once the dust settles, do you think Milton Friedman's economic theories will be laid to rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#19 What's your view of current global financial / economical situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#26 SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley Act), is this really followed and worthful considering current Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#28 Does anyone get the idea that those responsible for containing this finanical crisis are doing too much?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#39 The human plague
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#52 Why is sub-prime crisis of America called the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#65 Can the financial meltdown be used to motivate sustainable development in order to achieve sustainable growth and desired sustainability?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#75 In light of the recent financial crisis, did Sarbanes-Oxley fail to work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#78 Who murdered the financial system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#80 Can we blame one person for the financial meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#82 Greenspan testimony and securization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#8 Global Melt Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#9 Do you believe a global financial regulation is possible?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#47 In Modeling Risk, the Human Factor Was Left Out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#60 Did sub-prime cause the financial mess we are in?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#11 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#19 Collateralized debt obligations (CDOs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#20 How is Subprime crisis impacting other Industries?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#26 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#57 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#67 What is securitization and why are people wary of it ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#23 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#35 Is American capitalism and greed to blame for our financial troubles in the US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#55 Is this the story behind the crunchy credit stuff?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#63 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#1 Are Both The U.S. & UK on the brink of debt disaster?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#78 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#79 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#6 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#18 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#32 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#39 'WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE GLOBAL MELTDOWN'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#61 Accounting for the "greed factor"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#65 is it possible that ALL banks will be nationalized?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#65 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#27 Flawed Credit Ratings Reap Profits as Regulators Fail Investors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#46 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#59 Credit cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#13 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#47 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#26 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#56 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#84 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#22 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#7 The Enablers for this "Real Estate Crisis"- Willful Blindness, Greed or more?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#79 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#84 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#6 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#29 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#40 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#8 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#9 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#33 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#38 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#21 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#24 What Is MERS and What Role Does It Have in the Foreclosure Mess?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#78 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#49 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#94 The Curly Factor -- Prologue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#25 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#41 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#74 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#43 Massive Fraud, Common Crime, No Prosecutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#66 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Jul 2011 11:20:42 -0400
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
Clinton was president 1993-2001. The US had a budget surplus 1998-2001.

Then George W. Bush took office, and the surplus vanished.

http://www.usgovernmentspending.com/federal_deficit_chart.html


in the 90s, a lot of it was a congress (dominated by the other party) that drastically reduced spending and somewhat conformed to the fiscal responsibility act ... i.e. tax collections and spending/obligations had to be balanced

then in this century ... with the same party in control of congress, things seemed to go completely wild after the fiscal responsibility act expired ... reducing tax collections w/o corresponding reduction in spending along with increases in spending w/o corresponding increase in tax collection.

past posts quoting GAO comptroller general about what seemed to happen in congress after fiscal responsibility act expired in 2002
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#60 Happy DEC-10 Day

as an aside, tv business news segment just now is having interview with him (in real time).

other past posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#9 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#33 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#34 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#46 not even sort of about The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#79 Idiotic take on Bush tax cuts expiring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#75 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#72 77,000 federal workers paid more than governors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#15 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

misc. past posts mentioning GAO comptroller general:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#41 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#44 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#9 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#14 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#27 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#2 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#3 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#4 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#17 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#19 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#33 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#61 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#17 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#0 Cray-1 Anniversary Event - September 21st
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#26 Universal constants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#20 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#91 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#19 Another "migration" from the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#74 Horrid thought about Politics, President Bush, and Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#22 U.S. Cedes Top Spot in Global IT Competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#7 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#1 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#13 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#14 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#15 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#24 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#25 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#33 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#35 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#26 2007 Year in Review on Mainframes - Interesting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#57 Computer Science Education: Where Are the Software Engineers of Tomorrow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#40 Computer Science Education: Where Are the Software Engineers of Tomorrow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#50 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#86 Banks failing to manage IT risk - study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#1 The Workplace War for Age and Talent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#3 America's Prophet of Fiscal Doom
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#26 The Return of Ada
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#98 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#8 Taxcuts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#9 Taxcuts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#17 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#20 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#55 Hexadecimal Kid - articles from Computerworld wanted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#86 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#87 IBM driving mainframe systems programmers into the ground
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#36 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#37 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#60 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#3 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#9 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#23 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#34 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#46 not even sort of about The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#79 Idiotic take on Bush tax cuts expiring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#69 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#75 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#72 77,000 federal workers paid more than governors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#14 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#15 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Jul 2011 12:11:02 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#22 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

the president and the party in control of congress both significantly contributed to balanace budget & surplus end of last century.

but it is almost like dr. Jaekel and mr. hyde ... a couple years later, nearly that same congress manages to destroy the budget (and nearly destroy the economy).

it seems like (possibly subset) of congress managed to push thru fiscal responsibility act and got congress to mostly toe the line ... then when the act expires ... they just all go crazy (somebody on tv business news just now used the reference like "looney toons" ... specifically with respect to economic bubble and our leveraged mortgage market with respect to the rest of the world).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Jul 2011 14:56:26 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
... it was possible for a single individual to take control of an S&L, then organize and lend to multiple subsidiaries -- for land acquisition, construction, building management, and the like -- and create his own small real estate empire entirely with depositors' money.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#21 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

a little more S&L crisis from "two million dollar meltdown" (people buying S&Ls for their own personal piggy bank):
Another owner with a $1.8 billion loan book had bought six Learjets before the Feds noticed that 96 percent of his loans were delinquent.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Jul 2011 16:13:13 -0400
sidd <sidd@situ.com> writes:
Anyone go to jail ? I seem to recall the Finnish banker did get a six month suspended sentence, and a fine, most of which he squirmed out of paying.

I doubt Mozillo or Cassano, or the ratings mafia or any of the rest of the usual suspects in the USA will ever see a minute of jail time.

Regulatory capture is a wonderful thing if you are the captor. For the rest of us, not so much.

"The fruitless years behind us, the hopeless years before us," as Kipling said once.


there was article in the last decade or two that jail time tends to be less & less likely as the severity of the crime increases ... until it reaches a level of national importance and the responsible parties can actually be rewarded.

the possible exception recently is Madoff ... although he turned himself in ... he wasn't caught. During the congressional Madoff hearings, the person testified about trying unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff, was extremely publicity shy. He eventually had a spokesman for some TV interviews ... who made some veiled references to concerns regarding powerful/violent/criminal organizations might be behind Madoff's apparent immunity (and they wouldn't take too kindly to the collapse of the ponzi scheme).

A year after, the person was on book tour and asked about his earlier reluctance to appear in public; response was that he had changed his mind ... and the possible reason for Madoff turning himself in was that Madoff may have con'ed some powerful/violent/criminal organizations and needed protection (as opposed to having been backed by such operations).

That then leaves unexplained Madoff apparent immunity from any SEC action (i.e. no longer explanation that SEC was in the pocket of operations that were also backing Madoff).

misc. past posts mentioning Madoff:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#65 What can agencies such as the SEC do to insure us that something like Madoff's Ponzi scheme will never happen again?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#73 What can we learn from the meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#80 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#0 Audit II: Two more scary words: Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#4 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#20 Decision Making or Instinctive Steering?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#39 'WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE GLOBAL MELTDOWN'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#44 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#51 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#0 PNC Financial to pay CEO $3 million stock bonus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#3 Congress Set to Approve Pay Cap of $500,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#37 NEW SEC (Enforcement) MANUAL, A welcome addition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#42 Bernard Madoff Is Jailed After Pleading Guilty -- are there more "Madoff's" out there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#47 Bernard Madoff Is Jailed After Pleading Guilty -- are there more "Madoff's" out there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#57 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#61 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#63 Do bonuses foster unethical conduct?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#75 Whistleblowing and reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#0 What is swap in the financial market?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#15 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#35 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#36 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#37 How do you see ethics playing a role in your organizations current or past?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#40 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#70 When did "client server" become part of the language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#2 CEO pay sinks - Wall Street Journal/Hay Group survey results just released
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#29 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#31 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#38 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#43 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#45 Artificial Intelligence to tackle rogue traders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#47 TARP Disbursements Through April 10th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#65 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#67 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#1 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#7 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#29 Transparency and Visibility
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#33 Treating the Web As an Archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#34 Board Visibility Into The Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#76 Undoing 2000 Commodity Futures Modernization Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#77 A new global system is coming into existence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#3 Consumer Credit Crunch and Banking Writeoffs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#17 REGULATOR ROLE IN THE LIGHT OF RECENT FINANCIAL SCANDALS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#22 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#13 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#23 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX? (Are settlements a good argument for overnight batch COBOL ?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#40 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#54 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#12 IBM identity manager goes big on role control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#21 The Big Takeover
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#30 An Amazing Document On Madoff Said To Have Been Sent To SEC In 2005
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#5 Internal fraud isn't new, but it's news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#89 Audits V: Why did this happen to us ;-(
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#13 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#49 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#23 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#71 "Rat Your Boss" or "Rats to Riches," the New SEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#84 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#20 U.K. lags in information security management practices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#51 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#57 MasPar compiler and simulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#35 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#47 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#53 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#61 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#45 Audits VII: the future of the Audit is in your hands
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#47 Audits VII: the future of the Audit is in your hands
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#37 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#82 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#34 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#87 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#8 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#77 Madoff Whistleblower Book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#4 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#33 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#46 not even sort of about The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#56 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#15 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#16 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#31 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#41 Profiling of fraudsters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#43 COBOL - no longer being taught - is a problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#47 COBOL - no longer being taught - is a problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#58 S.E.C. Moves to Tighten Rules on Bonds Backed by Consumer Loans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#69 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#34 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#41 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#42 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#47 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#48 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#6 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#29 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#14 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#37 A Bright Future for Big Iron?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#35 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#36 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#37 WHAT, WHY AND HOW - FRAUD, IMPACT OF AUDIT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#71 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#76 E-commerce smackdown as PCI standards revised
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#16 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#48 WikiLeaks' Wall Street Bombshell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#54 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#66 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#69 Moody's hints at move that could be catastrophic for US debt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#21 Ernst & Young called to account -- should Audit firms be investigated for their role in the crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#40 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#53 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#46 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#48 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#21 New-home sales in 2010 fall to lowest in 47 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#19 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#26 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#27 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#28 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#56 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#35 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#62 Mixing Auth and Non-Auth Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#82 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#88 Court OKs Firing of Boeing Computer-Security Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#5 How they failed to catch Madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#30 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#40 Fight Fraud with Device ID
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#47 Lords: Auditors guilty of 'dereliction of duty'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#52 Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#6 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#22 Is BitCoin a triple entry system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#41 Delinquent Homeowners to Get Mortgage Aid from Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#66 Senate Democrats Ask House to Boost SEC Funding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#8 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#13 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#18 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Web version of mainframes

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Web version of mainframes
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 7 Jul 2011 17:35:19 -0700
jagadishanp@GMAIL.COM (jagadishan perumal) writes:
Just wanted to know whether a web version of mainframe can be implemented. One of our user is trying to access from a remote location using a wireless internet in which the IP changes everytime.

first web server outside cern on slac vm/cms (mainframe) system:
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

above mentions jan92, Berners-Lee demonstrates the SLAC connection at a computing workshop in southern France.

sgml morphs into html at cern
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

gml invented at science center in 1969 ... and gml tag processing added to cms script document processing. decade later gml morphs into sgml .. and then after another decade morphs into html.

from earlier thread (here) on inventor of email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#49

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PDCA vs. OODA

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 08 Jul, 2011
Subject: PDCA vs. OODA
Blog: Boyd Disciples
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#90 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#92 PDCA vs. OODA

I take it somewhat as threat analysis ... what are all the things that can happen and corresponding countermeasures vis-a-vis vulnerabiilty analsys ... which can be what are you dependencies.

I've periodic done business critical dataprocessing and have frequently observed that to take a well written application and turn it into a service can take 4-10 times the original effort.

we had been brought in to consult by a small client/server company that wanted to do payment transactions on their server; the startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" that they wanted to use (the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce"). Part of the implementation was something called the "payment gateway" (interface between servers on the internet and payment networks). They were doing a well written & tested server application to interface to the gateway. Rather than look at all possible ways it might be attacked (and necessary countermeasures) ... I drew up list of approx. 40 critical components that could either fail &/or be attacked. In a matrix of the critical components and half-dozen states ... I required a demonstration (that in each possible case), it was possible to perform a recovery action (regardless of problem cause) and/or at least demonstrate 1st level problem determination within five minutes elapsed time. To go from their "application" implementation to "server" implementation resulted in possibly only doubling amount of code, but closer to five times the original effort. "Recovery" was all the way through OODA-loop to act. "First level problem determination" (within five minutes) was at least sufficient instrumentation & analysis to get at least through "OO" part (even if it couldn't get all the way through the loop). Instrumentation can frequently be sufficient to make the difference between "chaotic" and "complicated".

I didn't care whether failure/fault was purposeful attack, hardware/software glitch or other event.

It turns out that I didn't have the same level of authority over the client-side implementation; I could give presentations and recommendations. In the client-side implementation, instead of having some stuff out-of-the-box ... it took a year elapsed time to get a few things added/changed. I claimed it was bunch of young kids, fresh out of school ... and if they hadn't seen it in some class or text-book ... they would claim "too complicated" (even when I demonstrated example implementations in production use for nearly a decade).

It is somewhat different from studying "how things fail" ... but more like, "if something fails, what are the consequences" (and enumerating them).

misc. past posts mentioning 4-10 times effort scenario
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#75 Test and Set (TS) vs Compare and Swap (CS)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#91 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#93 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#11 Wanted: the SOUNDS of classic computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#62 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#15 A Dark Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#37 The BASIC Variations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#8 Mars Rover Not Responding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#48 Automating secure transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#20 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#49 "Perfect" or "Provable" security both crypto and non-crypto?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#23 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#63 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#64 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#40 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#42 Development as Configuration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#26 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#20 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#37 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#51 IBM to the PCM market(the sky is falling!!!the sky is falling!!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#10 The top 10 dead (or dying) computer skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#76 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#77 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#23 Outsourcing loosing steam?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#54 Industry Standard Time To Analyze A Line Of Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#53 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#41 IBM announced z10 ..why so fast...any problem on z 9
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#50 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#53 Why Is Less Than 99.9% Uptime Acceptable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#33 Mainframe Project management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#20 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#35 Builders V. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#48 How much knowledge should a software architect have regarding software security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#0 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#16 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#60 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 08 Jul 2011 09:57:56 -0400
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Part of the "savings" was the decision to use the National Guard for major military actions. Clinton administration restructured the military. One talk I saw on CSPAN mentioned that the assumption there would be one, and only one, hotspot was the basis of the restructuring.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#22 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#23 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

another part of "balancing" (for some value of *balance* at some point in future) was mandating conversion to digital TV ... this was height of internet bubble and auctioning off (wireless) spectrum. digital tv used much less bandwidth than analog tv; cooking the books assumed that the freed up bandwidth would then be auctioned off at extremely high valuation ... which plugged the remaining gap for achieving *balance* (this was another congressional special).

but as previously mentioned, that congress seemed to be very much dr. Jaekel and mr. hyde ... mostly the same congress a couple years later (early part of this century) went wild after fiscal responsibility act expired in 2002.

past post mentioning congressional assumptions closing final gap in being able to proclaim balanced by mandating transition to digital TV ... and the auction of the freed up spectrum would bring in significant revenue:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#61 Primaries (USA)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#8 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#49 OT Kodachrome film discontinued

budget enforcement act of 1990 (extended several times but expired in 2002)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budget_Enforcement_Act_of_1990

GAO comptroller general was on program that both big reductions in taxes and passing of medicare part-d happened after act expired in 2002.
http://www.gao.gov/special.pubs/longterm/tourqa.html

where medicare part-d comes to be a $40T unfunded liability (totally swamping all other budget items) ... although above item with shorter term time-span pegs it at $8T.

this has medicare's total unfunded liabilty at $74 trillion
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB120373015283387491.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 09 Jul 2011 09:28:40 -0400
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
And you might as well double or triple that when Obamacare kicks in. My mother is getting a bill for $190 for the mandated annual checkup (which she didn't have) but Medicare isn't covering it.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#14 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#28 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

I haven't seen any reference that latest round will drive up health care costs anywhere near the one liner in medicare part-D.

18 members/staffers in congress from party in power (shortly after fiscal responsibility act expires in 2002) at last minute add one-line that precludes competitive bidding ... and prevents distribution of CBO report (on the effect of the change) before the vote. CBS 60min segment then finds that shortly after passage, all 18 have resigned and on drug company payroll. The news segment also compares prices of identical drugs under medicare part-d (w/o competitive bidding) and veterans affiars (w/competitive bidding) and find VA gets identical drugs at 1/3rd the price.

2007 CBO office of (all) health care (see figure 4):
http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/87xx/doc8758/MainText.3.1.shtml

GAO comptroller general repeatedly described Medicare Part-D unfunded mandate ($40T) comes to swamp every other budget item.

Selected CBO Publications Related to Health Care Legislation, 2009-2010
http://www.cbo.gov/doc.cfm?index=12033&zzz=41488

table 1, pg. 7 ... 2010-2019 aggregate increase deficit by $788B for insurance coverage provisions; 2010-2019 aggregate decrease deficit by $511B in changes on outlays; 2010-2019 aggregate decrease deficit by changes in revenues $420B ... as well as several other deficit decrease items.

The above has the legislation better than deficit neutral (aka reduces deficit).

This is in stark contrast to what happened in the period after the fiscal responsibility act expired in 2002.

other recent posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#12 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#15 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#18 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#20 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#21 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#22 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#23 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#24 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#25 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 09 Jul 2011 10:25:57 -0400
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
It's true he hasn't made good yet on his promise to get the military out of Iraq and Afghanistan, and that's trillions down the drain...

from recent post in a.f.c. here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#83 End of an era

What Did the Rumsfeld/Gates Pentagon Do with $1 Trillion?
http://www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm?documentid=4623

note cdi.org has moved to
http://www.pogo.org/straus/
... missing $1T is now
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/defense-budget/2010/what-did-the-rumsfeld-gates-pentagon-do-with-1-trillion.html

from above:
According to the analysis of the Project on Defense Alternatives, between 1998 and 2010 Congress appropriated to the Pentagon $2.144 Trillion (with a "T") more than was anticipated by the 1999 "baseline." Of that amount, $1.113 Trillion was spent on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and $1.031 Trillion was added to "base" (non-war) Pentagon spending. (See p. 3 of PDA's study, "An Undisciplined Defense: Understanding the $2 Trillion Surge in US Defense Spending" at

http://www.comw.org/pda/fulltext/1001PDABR20.pdf

I basically concur with PDA's numbers, which are from DOD and OMB budget data as described on p. 61.)

What did you get for that extra $1 Trillion? Basically, you got a smaller Navy and Air Force and a tiny increase in the size of the Army. As an extra bonus, the hardware those forces use are now older than they were in the Clinton administration in 1998.


... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 09 Jul 2011 11:20:05 -0400
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
That ain't Obamacare, billing for services not performed is fraud. And if she didn't have a checkup, it's quite right for Medicare to refuse to pay for it.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#12 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#29 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

at least in medicaid ... federal has had big push to correct fraud and inflated billing in the state accounting practices (estimated as much as 30%) ... including both stick & carrot (with carrot being increase federal share of medicaid from 50% to 60% ... if a state would align their practices with federal guidelines). I've looked at state legislations defeating bills to align state practices with federal guidelines ... apparently because of heavy lobbying by various providers.

there were news items of state attorney general in state medicaid fraud offices resigning in protest over the issue.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 09 Jul 2011 11:33:00 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
What Did the Rumsfeld/Gates Pentagon Do with $1 Trillion?
http://www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm?documentid=4623
note cdi.org has moved to
http://www.pogo.org/straus/
... missing $1T is now
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/defense-budget/2010/what-did-the-rumsfeld-gates-pentagon-do-with-1-trillion.html


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#83 End of an era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#30 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

item from just now:

Chuck Spinney: Perpetual War is a Protection Racket
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2011/07/chuck-spinney-perpetual-war-is-a-protection-racket/

in reference to this item:

House boosts military budget in time of austerity
http://old.news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20110708/ap_on_go_co/us_defense_spending

also by Chuck: Why the War Machine Keeps on Running
http://www.counterpunch.org/spinney07052011.html

if one was into conspiracy theories, foreign agents have taken over the country and siphoned off several trillion in the bubble and possibly another trillion laundered through the pentagon budget.

as an aside, Chuck was Boyd side-kick ... misc. past posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 10 Jul 2011 10:52:32 -0400
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
What makes you think this either hasn't or won't happen with all the pieces of Obamacare?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#29 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

it possibly happens in every piece of legislation ... one of the reasons that there have been long-time references to congress is the most corrupt institution on earth.

however, at some point, something in the abstract becomes more serious. GAO comptroller general claimed that medicare part-D becomes a $40T unfunded mandate totally swamping all other items ... then that one line represents 2/3rds of that $40T ($27T).

the other part from the GAO comptroller general was that such budget activities became especially egregious in the period after the fiscal responsibility act expired in 2002. This became the turning/inflection point from balanced budget & surpluses in the late 90s to the enormous deficits that continue up to current period.

this pretty much shows that the (health care) problem becomes dire (with few, if anybody actually denying there is a problem)

2007 CBO office of (all) health care (see figure 4):
http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/87xx/doc8758/MainText.3.1.shtml

similar past post from 2006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#61 Health Care

More recent CBO show that there was at least serious attempt to actually show budget surplus

Selected CBO Publications Related to Health Care Legislation, 2009-2010
http://www.cbo.gov/doc.cfm?index=12033&zzz=41488

with amounts in the hundreds of billions (covering 10yr period)

while the period after the fiscal responsibility act expiring in 2002 made no effort to demonstrate deficit neutral (congress having gone from Dr. Jaekel "budget surplus" to Mr. Hyde "extreme deficit" in a few short years).

the quantity/quality problem also has analogy in the bubble. There has always been hot beds of fraud and corruption in various parts of the financial industry ... tending to millions or few billions. However, the period of significant deregulation (& lack of enforcement of remaining regulation) allowed the hot beds of fraud and corruption to combine together into financial firestorm that had potential of taking down economy and country ... with fraud and corruption reaching trillions.

misc. past posts referring to hot beds of fraud & corruption being allowed to combine creating financial firestorm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#78 Who murdered the financial system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#80 Can we blame one person for the financial meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#82 Greenspan testimony and securization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#60 Did sub-prime cause the financial mess we are in?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#20 How is Subprime crisis impacting other Industries?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#57 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#62 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#71 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#1 Are Both The U.S. & UK on the brink of debt disaster?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#53 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#79 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#80 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#32 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#39 'WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE GLOBAL MELTDOWN'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#51 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#61 Accounting for the "greed factor"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#65 is it possible that ALL banks will be nationalized?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#43 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#46 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#47 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#56 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#58 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PDCA vs. OODA

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 10 Jul, 2011
Subject: PDCA vs. OODA
Blog: Boyd Disciples
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#90 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#92 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#27 PDCA vs. OODA

to somewhat go with my earlier, upthread MBA rant:

Driven off the Road by M.B.A.s
http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2081930,00.html

Note that this was starting to become pervasive at the same time Boyd would mention (in briefings) about big problem in American companies were the young WW2 officers coming into their own as corporate executives and wanting to emulate their early WW2 training with large infrastructure with rigid, top-down command and control structures

Book Review: 'Car Guys vs. Bean Counters' by Bob Lutz; The General Motors veteran wants to screw the bean counters who screwed the U.S. auto industry
http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/book-review-car-guys-vs-bean-counters-by-bob-lutz-07072011.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 10 Jul, 2011
Subject: Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
Blog: Greater IBM
Somebody's discussion in the (linkedin) IBM co/ex workers group:

The IBM would have, could have and should have story - Also known as what the h?#* did you do to us John Akers (;>)

that cited

IBM at 100: A prosperous failure
http://www.zdnet.com/news/it-at-work/2011/06/17/ibm-at-100-a-prosperous-failure-40093143/

and followup/response

remember in the mid-80s, executives where pitching that the company would double (from $60B to $120B) mostly on mainframe sales. As part of that there was huge manufacturing building program (to double mainframe manufacturing). Possibly as part of doubling prediction, there also appeared to be huge uptick in "fast-track" ... turning out large number of 90-day wonder executives. This is when mainframe was on down tick and company was heading into the red a few yrs later (it wasn't necessarily career enhancing to pointing out that the company wouldn't be doubling).

this discusses some of the events ... including parts of role that failure of Future System played:
http://web.archive.org/web/20110718153549/http://www.ecole.org/Crisis_and_change_1995_1.htm
http://www.ecole.org/en/seances/CM07

From Ferguson and Morris book on IBM there were references that IBM lived under dark shadow of the failure for decades, also reference to the old culture under Watsons was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers.

This has more detail on Future System
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html

and this reference from Ferguson & Morris:
Most corrosive of all, the old IBM candor died with F/S. Top management, particularly Opel, reacted defensively as F/S headed toward a debacle. The IBM culture that Watson had built was a harsh one, but it encouraged dissent and open controversy. But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

Misc more detail on FS:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Also in the late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at annual, worldwide internal communication group conference. He opened the talk with statement that communication group would be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was the stranglehold that the communication group (products) had on datacenters. The disk division was seeing leading wave of data fleeing the datacenters (& mainframes to more distributed computing friendly platforms) and came up with some number of products to address the situation. However, communication group was protecting their turf and owned strategic responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls.

there is folklore about how 1993 accounting slight-of-hand resulted in the largest executive bonuses paid in the history of the corporation (just before the change of guard).

Services tend to be people intensive .... doubling services tend to require doubling people ... not a lot of leverage. In competitive market, there is tendency to compete on price and commoditize the product; in services people effectively become the product and what gets commoditized.

However, going on in parallel in the period after the failure of FS and the dark shadow that cast over the company for decades (and the significant culture change) ... there is this item:

Why a Rise in M.B.A.s Coincided with the Fall of American Industry
http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2081930,00.html

a similar theme was periodically expressed in the 80s (and call for end of the MBAs although had not quite reached the same disrepute as lawyers).

some more
http://news.slashdot.org/story/11/07/10/132240/Have-American-Businesses-Been-Stranded-By-the-MBAs
http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/book-review-car-guys-vs-bean-counters-by-bob-lutz-07072011.html

The MBA problem appears to be with people that view themselves purely as MBA (business schools stamping out newly minted MBAs). In the 80s, the VC holy grail in silicon valley for startups was engineer graduate that had worked for some number of years and then went back (possibly at night school) and got MBA. It was critical to have engineering view but was also beneficial to have additional viewpoints (like a MBA ... or in the OS2 case, input from customer).

I had sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM in the 80s ... and one of the major points was constantly viewing all facets of a issue. misc. Boyd-related posts & references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Note in the 1990 timeframe, the US auto industry had C4 taskforce, large part was to leverage technology to deal with foreign competition. Some number of technology companies were participating. Industry could clearly outline competitive advantages and necessary changes to compete ... but obviously things were so ingrained that at the time, they weren't actually possible to change.

One of the details was foreign competition cut in half the cycle time for completely new model from 7-8 yrs and were in the process of cutting it in half again. As a result foreign competition was in much better position to take advantage of new technology and/or change in market preferences. Also on 7-8yr cycle, there were several cases where parts specified in original design were no longer available and there was non-productive design scrap and rework.

Offline from the meetings, I would chide mainframe brethren (who were on similar cycle), how could they expect to contribute (other than trying to push their mainframe as part of any technology solution)?

past posts referrencing c4 taskforce:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#3 IBM interprets Lean development's Kaizen with new MCIF product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#31 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#14 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#47 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#55 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#70 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#8 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#75 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#0 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#90 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#2 Car models and corporate culture: It's all lies

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 10 Jul, 2011
Subject: Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#35 Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined

One of the things that the big consulting houses have demonstrated for decades was reducing various things to best practices & formulas (way of leveraging small experience & skill base) ... and then hiring hordes of new college graduates each year and training them in the formulas. Whole projects would be staffed by this formula trainees ... things would run ok as long as project conformed to the formula ... but could go drastically wrong if things strayed from the formula.

At least in the case of "beltway bandits" ... there was further issue of developing a Success of Failure culture ... that there was more long term revenue with grand federal projects having repeated failures. old reference:
http://www.govexec.com/management/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

note that my posts early in the discussion about FS failure noted that declaring failure would result in loss-of-face by executives ... especially Opel ... but also Akers ... which kept it going long after it should have otherwise been terminated (aka not just organizational financial "loss aversion" ... but enormous executive image loss). I've noted in the past that it probably wasn't career enhancing to have ridiculed FS activities while it was going on (drawing analogies between FS and a long-running cult film that had been playing continuously down in central sq for several years).

in the beltway bandit scenario ... they would actually proclaim something a failure ... and then beltway bandits take turns doing the next, new&improved version, with the cycle repeating itself several times (several failures, each followed by the next new effort). In some cases, billions of dollars down the rathole on each iteration.

another scenario ... early in 3yr, tens-of-millions/yr contract ... showing that the approach wouldn't work and being told that they might consider a correct approach on the next contract ... but there was significant money left on the table in the current contract (there was little downside performing exactly as specified even tho everybody knew it would fail ... and then have opportunity to try again in the follow-on contract).

misc. past posts mentioning Success of Failure culture:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#25 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#41 U.S. house decommissions its last mainframe, saves $730,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#19 STEM crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#26 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#38 F.B.I. Faces New Setback in Computer Overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#18 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#78 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#5 Off-topic? When governments ask computers for an answer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#69 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#0 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#45 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#32 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#34 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#72 77,000 federal workers paid more than governors

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 10 Jul 2011 15:51:30 -0400
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
Nope, but we certainly disagree about how to fix it. Try to reduce costs. Eliminating enormous malpractice awards would save how much? Think about both the enormous cost of malpractice insurance that's driving doctors in some specialties right out of business. Then think about all the unnecessary tests and prescriptions that are primarily "defensive medicine."

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#29 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

there has been various observations that (any) congress is the least likely to do something about malpractice cases since they are predominately lawyers and heavily influenced by trial lawyer lobbying.

there are (at least) two sides to unnecessary tests & prescriptions ... the defensive medicine scenario ... but both medicaid & medicare have worked hard to minimize unnecessary tests & prescriptions that appear to be much more associated with over-billing (significant larger financial motivation) than true defensive medicine (other than anecdotal references and misdirection).

medicare & medicaid have gathered large amount of national data and worked hard to establish best practices and put operations under close scrutiny that deviate significantly. at the moment auditing is extremely expensive and time-consuming and as a result, penalties are especially onerous (acting as deterrent). new guidelines include processes that attempt to proactive preclude worst of the processes (being cheaper than catching and prosecuting after the fact).

however there is enormous lobbying to not cut revenue for various interested parties (as epitomized by the one-line, non-compete clause which is around a $27T present to the drug companies, aka 2/3rds of the $40T medicare part-d unfunded mandate)

old post with respect to medicare DRGs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#50 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer

above mentions "coders" new health-care profession ... being able to specify code that results in maximum possible re-imbursement but keeping away from failing an audit and enormous penalties. above also references study that hospitals with the best IT have 30% better patient care.

DRG wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diagnosis-related_group

from above:
The most significant change in health policy since Medicare and Medicaid's passage in 1965 went virtually unnoticed by the general public. Nevertheless, the change was nothing short of revolutionary. For the first time, the federal government gained the upper hand in its financial relationship with the hospital industry. Medicare's new prospective payment system with DRGs triggered a shift in the balance of political and economic power between the providers of medical care (hospitals and physicians) and those who paid for it - power that providers had successfully accumulated for more than half a century.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 10 Jul 2011 21:24:28 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
while the period after the fiscal responsibility act expiring in 2002 made no effort to demonstrate deficit neutral (congress having gone from Dr. Jakyll "budget surplus" to Mr. Hyde "extreme deficit" in a few short years).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#23 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#28 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

shows significant drop in receipts roughly corresponding to the period after fiscal responsibility act expires (from 20+% of GDP down to 15% of GDP)

Shame on them; The Republicans are playing a cynical political game with hugely high economic stakes
http://www.economist.com/node/18928600

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wondering if I am really eligible for this group. I learned my first programming language in 1975

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 10 Jul, 2011
Subject: Wondering if I am really eligible for this group. I learned my first programming language in 1975
Blog: Old Geek Registry
re:
http://lnkd.in/CX7Tzf

note that 5th flr, 545 tech sq did multics in pli
http://www.multicians.org

cambridge science center on 4th flr of 545 tech sq did (virtual machine) cp67/cms.Science center also took interpreter from apl360 and did cms\apl. It opened up workspace size to virtual address space instead the 16kbyte to 32kbyte typical of workspaces in apl\360. Also interfaces to cms system services was added to cms\apl; a combination of significantly larger workspace sizes and system services API enabled real-world applications. APL storage management had also to be extensively reworked for large virtual memory, demand page environment. For instance, business planners in armonk hdqtrs loaded the most valuable of corporate resources on cambridge cp67 system (detailed customer information) for all sorts of business modeling and forecasting (done remotely from armonk via 2741 dialup service). Cambridge took a lot of heat about the system services api in cms\apl ... until eventual "shared variable" paradigm was created and used for interfacing to system services. some old pictures ... including 2741 "APL" type ball
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#oldpicts

later the palo alto science center morphed cms\apl into apl\cms for vm370/cms (as well as the 370/145 apl microcode assist).

I sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM in the 80s ... some past posts and references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Boyd's biographies has him doing tour in charge of spook base back in 1970 ... biography has reference that spook base was $2.5B windfall for IBM. spook reference that has gone 404 ... but lives on at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 11 Jul 2011 00:01:50 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
this has graphs of total tax collection as percent of GDP and just corporate (total) tax collection as percent of GDP (compared to 25 some other countries):
http://thinkprogress.org/economy/2011/07/05/260535/graph-corporate-tax-second-lowest/


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#20 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

more detailed graphs of tax both historic as well as compared with OECD countries

Ten Charts that Prove the United States Is a Low-Tax Country
http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/tax-reform/news/2011/06/10/9751/ten-charts-that-prove-the-united-states-is-a-low-tax-country/

and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#38 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

references:

Shame on them; The Republicans are playing a cynical political game with hugely high economic stakes
http://www.economist.com/node/18928600

shows additional big drop in tax collections after fiscal responsibility act expired in 2002 ... going from (Dr. Jakyll) Congress with balanced budget and surplus (from end of century) to (Mr. Hyde) Congress with big budget deficit a couple years later.

The period was also significant reduction in regulation and/or failure to enforce regulations that allowed isolated hot-spots of fraud and corruption to combine into economic firestorm ... nearly taking down economy and country.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 11 Jul 2011 13:49:19 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Shame on them; The Republicans are playing a cynical political game with hugely high economic stakes
http://www.economist.com/node/18928600


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#38 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#40 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Not Worth Mentioning Department
http://baselinescenario.com/2011/07/11/not-worth-mentioning-department/

mentions reading "Path to Prosperity" ... also known as Ryan Plan
http://budget.house.gov/fy2012budget/

and found (in above):
"An inevitable consequence of the last Congress's decision to ramp up spending so quickly was that billions of Americans' hard-earned tax dollars were squandered. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) -- the non-partisan agency that audits the government's books -- recently found between $100 billion to $200 billion in duplication, overlap, and waste in federal spending."

... snip ...

Which referred to:
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d11318sp.pdf

and mentions that the report was required by statute passed in 2010 to look at issue of eliminating duplication in federal agencies (a decades old problem) ... and almost nothing to do with stimulus.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 11 Jul 2011 21:12:07 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Early spring 2009, I was contacted about HTML'ing the Pecora hearings (senate hearings leading up to Glass-Steagall, had been scanned at the Boston Public Library the previous fall) with extensive indexing, croos-references and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (some anticipation that the new congress might have some appetite to do something). After working on it for a couple months, got a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all (implication that new congress was being heavily lobbied by financial community).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#18 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

The Billion-Dollar Bank Heist; How the financial industry is buying off Washington -- and killing reform.
http://www.newsweek.com/billion-dollar-bank-heist-68427

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 12 Jul, 2011
Subject: At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#9 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened

with regard to "looking more&more like":

Meet IBM's new $75,000 mainframe; New zEnterprise 114 is primarily competing against a Linux server running on an x86 platform, analyst says
http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9218326/Meet_IBM_s_new_75_000_mainframe

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 12 Jul 2011 09:11:14 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
the other part from the GAO comptroller general was that such budget activities became especially egregious in the period after the fiscal responsibility act expired in 2002. This became the turning/inflection point from balanced budget & surpluses in the late 90s to the enormous deficits that continue up to current period.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/`lynn/2011i.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

the comptroller general resigned in 2008 ... some comment about allowed to be more vocal/critical about budget (than he already was)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_M._Walker_%28U.S._Comptroller_General%29

past several days he has been on seveal business news shows interviewed about the budget. just now he was being pressed about whether he would run for congress as independent from Connecticut. He said that he had been registered republican nearly his whole life until past couple years when he switched to independent ... and there has been lots of pressure for him to run. other recent posts mentioning comptroller general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#72 77,000 federal workers paid more than governors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#14 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#15 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#22 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#28 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#29 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

while he was comptroller general ... in several speeches, he would make reference to nobody in congress for the past 50 years has been capable of middle-school arithmetic (based on most of their ability to do anything regarding balanced budget). misc. past posts mentioning comptroller general's comment about middle-school arithmetic:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#20 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#91 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#19 Another "migration" from the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#74 Horrid thought about Politics, President Bush, and Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#22 U.S. Cedes Top Spot in Global IT Competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#13 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#26 2007 Year in Review on Mainframes - Interesting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#40 Computer Science Education: Where Are the Software Engineers of Tomorrow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#50 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#86 Banks failing to manage IT risk - study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#98 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#8 Taxcuts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#17 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#20 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#55 Hexadecimal Kid - articles from Computerworld wanted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#39 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#60 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#33 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#79 Idiotic take on Bush tax cuts expiring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#69 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#75 origin of 'fields'?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 12 Jul 2011 13:48:19 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
The Billion-Dollar Bank Heist; How the financial industry is buying off Washington -- and killing reform.
http://www.newsweek.com/billion-dollar-bank-heist-68427


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#42 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

from the article:
The industry paid lobbyists $1.3 billion in 2009 and through the first three months of 2010, according to the Center for Public Integrity, which added up the spending by the 850 businesses and trade groups fighting financial reform. Many of these same businesses are now spending as much money, if not more, to lobby for curbs on the new law.

... snip ...

with respect to getting call in 2009 that the work on Pecora hearings wasn't needed after all:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#18 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

with regard to other heavy lobbying ....

... middle of last decade, I was co-author of financial industry privacy standard (x9.99). As part of the effort, there were interviews with people involved in HIPAA (overlap between privacy provisions and health information could leak in things like credit card statements, like line item for specific tests). One of the comments was that the legislation had been originally drafted in the '70s, but heavy lobbying kept it from being passed for decades ... and even once it was passed, things like providing security for health information was delayed for years ... and then any enforcement/penalties regarding security measures was delayed even further.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_Insurance_Portability_and_Accountability_Act

like:
Subtitle D of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH Act), enacted as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, addresses the privacy and security concerns associated with the electronic transmission of health information.

... snip ...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Recovery_and_Reinvestment_Act_of_2009

End of last century, we were tangentially involved in the cal. data breach notification act. we had been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. electronic signature act and lots of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues. they had done detailed privacy surveys and found the #1 issue was "identity theft" ... in large part the form "account fraud" ... frequently as the result of some data breach. There seemed to be little or nothing done about data breaches (in large part because the fraud is against customers and not those having the breach) and appeared to be some hope that the notifications would provide some motivation to do something.

Since, then there has been several federal (pre-emption) "notification" bills introduced ... those simialr to the cal. legislation and approx. equal number that would eliminate notification.

The same entities were also in the process of doing an "opt-in" privacy sharing legislation (i.e. institutions can only share personal information when specifically authorized). Then there was federal pre-emption privacy sharing "opt-out" provisions added to GLBA (also known for repeal of Glass-Steagall, playing significant role in the ecomonic mess, contributing to elimination of barriers between the individual hot-beds of fraud and corruption ... leading to economic firestorm).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gramm%E2%80%93Leach%E2%80%93Bliley_Act

Note: "opt-out" allows institutions to share personal information unless you specifically object. Now, while working on x9.99, I attended an annual privacy conference in Wash. DC. There was a panel discussion with the FTC commissioners. During the discussion, somebody in the audience got up and asked if they were ever going to do anything about "opt-out". He said he was involved with the major financial industry call-centers, and claimed that the "opt-out" call-in lines had no way of recording information from the call (no record of any "opt-out"). Just another example that during the economic mess, not only was there a lot of de-regulation that help fuel the mess ... but there was also significant amount of just failing to enforce what regulations remained.

recent posts mentioning "opt-out", GLBA, and/or repeal of Glass-Steagall:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#49 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#50 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#84 The Imaginot Line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#19 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#26 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#27 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#28 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#9 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#38 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#41 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#55 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#66 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#30 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#47 Lords: Auditors guilty of 'dereliction of duty'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#6 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#7 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#9 Breaches and Consumer Backlash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#10 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#24 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#55 CISO's Guide to Breach Notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#66 Senate Democrats Ask House to Boost SEC Funding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#8 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#18 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#25 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Leaving the world of standard operating procedures

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 12 Jul, 2011
Subject: Leaving the world of standard operating procedures
Blog: Boyd's Disciples
re:
http://lnkd.in/DPAxaA

just finished Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed
http://www.amazon.com/Collapse-Societies-Succeed-Revised-ebook/dp/B004H0M8EA

at the end there was discussion of theory that complex centralized planning wouldn't allow their societies to collapse ...
Complex societies are characterized by centralized decision-making, high information flow, great coordination of parts, formal channels of command, and pooling of resources. Much of this structure seems to have the capability, if not the designed purpose, of countering fluctuations and deficiencies in productivity.

... snip ...

and why they might. The more successful they were in the past, the more resistant they could be to change:
In reasoning by false analogy after World War I, French generals made a common mistake: generals often plan for a coming war as if it will be like the previous war, especially if that previous war was one in which their side was victorious.

... snip ...

Another line was that leaders with investment in the status quo are least likely to change & adapt because they have the most to loose:
Throughout recorded history, actions or inactions by self-absorbed kings, chiefs, and politicians have been a regular cause of societal collapses, including those of the Maya kings, Greenland Norse chiefs, and modern Rwandan politicians discussed in this book.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 12 Jul 2011 16:43:22 -0400
bbreynolds <bbreynolds@aol.com> writes:
My job was to get RJE working from the Unix environment to our 370/148 running whatever level OS then current (VS2?). I could not get it work following the AT&T documentation, until I realized that they (AT&T) had misunderstood the definitions of "primary" and "secondary" in the IBM binary synchronous protocol.

Most likely VS1 ... in the transition from real-storage (360) to virtual memory (370), os/360 MFT-II morphed into VS1 and os/360 MVT morphed into VS2.

370/148 (&138, aka virgil/tully) had lot more memory and faster than original 370/145 ... as well as quite a bit of m'code space ... so the machines had certain pieces of VS1 dropped into microcode at 10:1 performance increase and certain pieces of vm/370 also dropped into microcode.

the endicott product manager for 148 con'ed me into helping with the vm/370 part ... past post mentioning process for selecting parts of vm/370 kernel to be dropped into microcode (at 10:1 performance improvement).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#27 370 ECPS VM microcode assist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#28 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

then the product manager con'ed me into running around the world helping him do presentations to various country marketing executives (business planners and forecasters).

About the same time, some guys in POK con'ed me into doing a 5-way SMP project based on 370/125-II ... I designed a lot of new microcode and kernel operation for them.

Then the two groups (Endicott 148 and POK 125-II 5-way SMP) started viewing each other as competitors and I was expected to attend escalation meetings and be responsible for arguing both sides. misc. past posts mentioning 5way SMP activity:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 13 Jul 2011 09:51:58 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
The Billion-Dollar Bank Heist; How the financial industry is buying off Washington -- and killing reform.
http://www.newsweek.com/billion-dollar-bank-heist-68427

from the article:

The industry paid lobbyists $1.3 billion in 2009 and through the first three months of 2010, according to the Center for Public Integrity, which added up the spending by the 850 businesses and trade groups fighting financial reform. Many of these same businesses are now spending as much money, if not more, to lobby for curbs on the new law.

... snip ...


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#24 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#45 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

a couple more items

Banks Should Love the Fed's Durbin Amendment Ruling
http://blogs.forbes.com/moneybuilder/2011/07/12/banks-should-love-the-feds-durbin-amendment-ruling/
A Year Later, Dodd-Frank Forces Banks to Shrink
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-07-11/dodd-frank-act-forcing-banks-to-slim-down-reshape-swaps-one-year-later.html

this implies that while the bubble tanked the economy and country, all that lost wealth did find a landing place

The Rich Are Now Richer Than Before The 2008 Credit Meltdown
http://blogs.forbes.com/stevenbertoni/2011/07/12/the-rich-are-now-richer-than-before-the-2008-credit-meltdown/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 13 Jul 2011 10:32:10 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#24 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#45 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#49 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

there are periodic references that all the drama and conflict between the political parties is obfuscation and misdirection for the public; kind of roman circus (pure facade). it also drives/motivates huge lobbying lining congressional pockets (sort of like auction frenzy driving higher and higher bids for congressional votes)

old post with Kapuki Theater reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#74 Why is everyone talking about AIG bonuses of millions and keeping their mouth shut on billions sent to foreign banks?

other post with roman circus reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#55 TCM's Moguls documentary series

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 13 Jul, 2011
Subject: Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#35 Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#36 Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined

little x-over from (linkedin) a "Boyd's Disciples" discussion (I had sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM):
http://lnkd.in/DPAxaA

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#46 Leaving the world of standard operating procedures

just finished Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed
http://www.amazon.com/Collapse-Societies-Succeed-Revised-ebook/dp/B004H0M8EA

Another line was that leaders with investment in the status quo are least likely to change & adapt because they have the most to loose:
Throughout recorded history, actions or inactions by self-absorbed kings, chiefs, and politicians have been a regular cause of societal collapses, including those of the Maya kings, Greenland Norse chiefs, and modern Rwandan politicians discussed in this book.

... snip ...

aka ... in IBM's case, top corporate management.

In the 90/91 time-frame we would periodically drop by Somers and have various discussions with people there about necessity for change. They could all discuss the issues intelligently ... but we would return later and see no change ... it was almost as if they were holding off the drastic changes (for as long as possible, preserving the status quo .... possibly until after they had retired ... and then it would be somebody else's problem)

misc. past post mentioning Somers:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#5 IBM Somers NY facility?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#28 Proper ISA lifespan?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#37 Proper ISA lifespan?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#40 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#66 Toyota Beats GM in Global Production
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#44 another one biting the dust?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#34 IBM Poughkeepsie?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#67 I would like to understand the professional job market in US. Is it shrinking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#55 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#29 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#2 Significant Bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#79 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#38 IBM "Watson" computer and Jeopardy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The OODA-loop "exit"

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 14 Jul, 2011
Subject: The OODA-loop "exit"
Blog: Boyd's Disciples
re:
http://lnkd.in/aUnGQ2

one scenario is OODA-loop was to illustrate continuous adjustment ... as opposed to just doing something and stopping; in that sense, OODA-loop can stop when the associated activities also stop.

enter/leave tends to be associated with spatial (enter/exit house), while start/stop tends to be associated with temporal constructs. some things have poor spatial analogy, like enter/exit "RED" or enter/exit "flying"

individuals can be more comfortable with spatial metaphors, for instance if there is a sequence of activity that occurs in time, sometimes there is a spatial "path" metaphor where entering/exiting the path is used (at what point in the sequence do things start, aka sun entering/exiting active phase).

I've asserted that there is flatlander aspect to OODA-loop ... rather than purely iterative sequence of activity ... with perimeter of circle being used for spatial path analogy ... where enter/leave metaphor can be applied ... all parts are occurring continuously and concurrently, for instance orientation not just depending on the previous observation but all previous observations, orientations, decisions, and actions. OODA-loop then looses common spatial analogy ... also part of Zen thread
http://lnkd.in/ngnYM2
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#39 Zen and Connaturality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#42 Zen and Connaturality

and recent post in "Leaving the world of standard operating procedures" discussion
http://lnkd.in/DPAxaA
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#46 Leaving the world of standard operating procedures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#53 Leaving the world of standard operating procedures

with respect to societies collapse ... there is issue of dealing with new environment assuming it is similar to past situation ("false analogy" for French & WW2). In adaptive feedback control algorithms, it comes up with regard to how much past history and how to "weight" past history ... and/or discontinuities that reset past history. This has comes up in hedging ... assuming that there aren't discontinuities and future is approx. linearly related to recent past. Then the discontinuities result in massive failures, there was concern that late 90s hedge industry failure could be a systemic risk with cascading failure of the financial industry and there was extraordinary weekend session to patch things together.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 14 Jul, 2011
Subject: At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/mk79ZS

with respect to upthread comments about overnight batch window and failed attempts at (real-time) straight-through processing (in the 90s):

U.S. banks changing out core systems for real-time processing; They're spending more than $100M to replace aging systems
http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9218398/U.S._banks_changing_out_core_systems_for_real_time_processing
U.S. banks changing out core systems for real-time processing; They're spending more than $100M to replace aging systems
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2011/071411-us-banks-changing-out-core.html

past posts mentioning overnight batch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#51 Mainframe not a good architecture for interactive workloads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#40 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#31 Quote from comp.object
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#15 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#36 Future of System/360 architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#19 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#37 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#44 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#61 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#19 Education ranking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#27 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#64 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#69 Controlling COBOL DDs named SYSOUT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#72 whats the world going to do when all the baby boomers retire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#81 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#74 Too much change opens up financial fault lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#92 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#30 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#31 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#87 Berkeley researcher describes parallel path
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#89 Berkeley researcher describes parallel path
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#55 performance of hardware dynamic scheduling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#50 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#56 Long running Batch programs keep IMS databases offline
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#26 What is the biggest IT myth of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#30 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technolgies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#7 If you had a massively parallel computing architecture, what unsolved problem would you set out to solve?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#87 Cleaning Up Spaghetti Code vs. Getting Rid of It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#43 Business process re-engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#14 Legacy clearing threat to OTC derivatives warns State Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#1 z/Journal Does it Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#2 z/Journal Does it Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#21 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#23 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX? (Are settlements a good argument for overnight batch COBOL ?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#43 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX? (Are settlements a good argument for overnight batch COBOL ?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#57 IBM halves mainframe Linux engine prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#81 A Faster Way to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#81 big iron mainframe vs. x86 servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#67 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#77 Korean bank Moves back to Mainframes (...no, not back)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#16 How long for IBM System/360 architecture and its descendants?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#19 STEM crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#37 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#47 COBOL - no longer being taught - is a problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#78 Software that breaks computer hardware( was:IBM 029 service manual )
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#41 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#3 Assembler programs was Re: Delete all members of a PDS that is allocated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#14 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#13 Is the ATM still the banking industry's single greatest innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#37 A Bright Future for Big Iron?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#19 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#42 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#35 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#15 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#19 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#91 Mainframe Fresher
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#93 Itanium at ISSCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#8 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Leaving the world of standard operating procedures

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 14 Jul, 2011
Subject: Leaving the world of standard operating procedures
Blog: Boyd's Disciples
re:
http://lnkd.in/DPAxaA
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#46 Leaving the world of standard operating procedures

From Steele:

Reference: GW Seminar on Reflexive Systems
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2011/07/reference-gw-seminar-on-reflexive-systems/
University Seminar on Reflexive Systems
http://www.gwu.edu/~uscs/

... and pieces of discussion from "Greater IBM" touching on leaders having vested/personal interest in preserving status quo .... Forbes article on "Why Did IBM Survive?" (i.e. it almost didn't):
http://blogs.forbes.com/stevedenning/2011/07/10/why-did-ibm-survive/

above references:
http://kk.org/thetechnium/archives/2011/07/corporate_long-.php

pieces of comments about top executives stuck in the past and not adapting (Greater IBM is closed group ... so personal archive):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#35 ,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#36 ,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#50

the forbes article also has a references to another of Denning's articles, "Lessons In Innovation: How Was The Internet Invented?"
http://blogs.forbes.com/stevedenning/2011/07/12/lessons-in-innovation-how-was-the-internet-invented/

mentioning the NSFNET backbone (operational precursor to the modern internet). I periodically pontificate about what went on then ... old email during the runup to NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

when it came down for the actual RFP, even after all the preliminary work, various internal politics prevented bidding (even when director of NSF wrote a letter to the corporation, including the CEO ... and there was references to what we already had running was at least five years ahead of all NSFNET Backbone RFP responses ... to build something new). The director of NSF warned that the letter might make the internal politics worse than they already were (which it did)

past posts mentioning NSFNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 14 Jul 2011 20:15:30 -0400
Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation; A brief history of virtualisation
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/07/14/brief_history_of_virtualisation_part_2/

there has been periodic derogotory comments with regard to the M44/44X mentioned in above

Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/07/14/brief_history_of_virtualisation_part_2/page2.html

from above:
The project leader of CSC, Robert Creasy, observed that the M44/44X "was close enough to a virtual machine system to show that 'close enough' did not count"

... snip ...

and part 1:

Before 'the cloud' was cool: Virtualising the un-virtualisable
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/07/11/a_brief_history_of_virtualisation_part_one/

and past posts mentioning Bob:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#54 How Do the Old Mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#126 Dispute about Internet's origins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#127 Dispute about Internet's origins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#59 360 Architecture, Multics, ... was (Re: X86 ultimate CISC? No.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#78 TSS ancient history, was X86 ultimate CISC? designs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#10 VM: checking some myths.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#6 Microcode?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#44 cp/67 (coss-post warning)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#4 Robert Creasy, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#10 Virtual memory and memory protection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#38 SHARE reflections
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#21 MVCIN instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#47 The rise of the virtual machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#27 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#21 history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#52 CMS (PC Operating Systems)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#1 Designing database tables for performance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#36 Wylbur and Paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#41 Virtual Storage implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#51 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#64 CSA 'above the bar'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#29 Intel Ships Power-Efficient Penryn CPUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#54 new 40+ yr old, disruptive technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#77 IBM Floating-point myths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#14 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#16 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#13 System/360 Announcement (7apr64)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#81 A mighty fortress is our PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#5 Memory v. Storage: What's in a Name?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#21 Mainframe Hall of Fame (MHOF)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#55 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#82 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#49 OT The inventor of Email - Tom Van Vleck

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Architecture / Instruction Set / Language co-design

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Architecture / Instruction Set / Language co-design.
Newsgroups: comp.arch, comp.compilers;, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 15 Jul 2011 09:56:11 -0400
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
From what I gather the machine (SCAMP originally) was heavily microcoded, I believe the original acronym is something like "Small Computer with APL Microcode <something>". I don't know too much about it.

recent scamp reference from last month
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#53 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

5100, SCAMP: Special Computer, APL Machine Portable
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5100

based on the PALM processor: Put All Logic in Microcode
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_PALM_processor

cambridge science center had taken apl\360, and stripped out most of the monitor stuff (multitasking, swamping, etc) for cms\apl (under cp67, also redo storage management for large demand paged virtual memory environment; typical apl\360 had been 16kbyte to 32kbyte real-memory, swapped workspaces). recent news item mentioning cp67

Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/07/14/brief_history_of_virtualisation_part_2/page2.html
in this post:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#54

misc. past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

5100 was done at palo alto science center. About the same time, Palo Alto also does apl\cms (for vm370) and apl microcode for 370/145.

one of the largest APL services was HONE (first cp67 then moved to VM370) ... internal world-wide sales & marketing support:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

in the mid-70s, the US HONE datacenters were consolidated in building across the back parking lot from Palo Alto Science center. other trivia, looking at web satellite phote of the area ... a newer building was built next to HONE datacenter (which has a different occupant now) ... that newer bldg is now occupied by FACEBOOK.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Joint Design of Instruction Set and Language

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Joint Design of Instruction Set and Language
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Fri, 15 Jul 2011 10:18:17 -0400
John Levine <johnl@iecc.com> writes:
The Berkeley RISC and the SPARC were, in practice if not in theory, designed around the PCC C compiler. The reason they used register windows was that PCC wasn't smart enough to minimize register saves. The IBM 801, designed at the same time with the much more advanced PL.8 compiler had a normal register set and load/store multiple since the compiler was able to minimize the number of registers to store.

I've commented that John did 801 in re-action to hardware complexity of the (failed) FS effort
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

at presention in '76, the 801 group claimed that the hardware simplification would be traded off against the sophistication of cp.r operating system and pl.8 compiler.

no hardware domain protection would be compensated by pl.8 compiler only generating correct code, and cp.r operating system only loading correct programs. the few number of virtual address segment registers would be compensated by inline application being able to switch virtual address segment registers ... as easily as general purpose (address) register values, can be switched. 801 would also not have any cache consistency (since 370 & FS had very high penalty for cache consistency).

circa 1980, there was big internal push for migrate large number of internal microproceessors to 801 (Iliad) ... including lots of controller microprocessors and the microprocessors used in low-end and mid-range 370 (aka followon to 4341, the 4381 was originally to be 801/iliad processor). misc. old email mentioning 801, risc, iliad, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#801

when most of those efforts failed, some number of engineers left to do risc efforts at other companies.

the 801/ROMP was originally going to be for the follow-on to the displaywriter ... when that effort failed, they looked around and decided on retargeting for the unix workstation market. as part of that, the company that had done the AT&T port for pc/ix, was contracted to do a AT&T port to romp (becoming aixv2). hardware protection domain was also needed in romp for transition from cp.r to unix. misc. past posts mentioning 801, risc, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

for fun of it ... old email about request for 801 by LISP machine group:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#email790711
in this post (with several other old 801 emails)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#65 801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Low Carb Mavericks, John Boyd and the Art of War

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 15 Jul, 2011
Subject: Low Carb Mavericks, John Boyd and the Art of War
Blog: Facebook
Low Carb Mavericks, John Boyd and the Art of War
http://cravingsugar.net/low-carb-mavericks-john-boyd-art-war-OODA-loop.php

Boyd would tell the story about the supercomputer time as being used to design the F16 ... while the powers-that-be were doing the F15. The people behind the F15 went to Sec of the Air Force and said they knew what Boyd was up to .... and it was not authorized ... so the supercomputer use was theft of gov. resources. They did detail investigation and never found any proof of his computer use (which was carefully obfuscated)

aka the purpose of the investigation was to shutdown the F16 effort (viewed as competition by the F15 forces) ... and was somewhat immaterial that it would send Boyd to Leavenworth for the rest of his life ... some x-over with Boyd's To Be or To Do that the best you might hope for is kick in the stomach.

past posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Speed matters: how Ethernet went from 3Mbps to 100Gbps... and beyond

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Speed matters: how Ethernet went from 3Mbps to 100Gbps... and beyond
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 15 Jul 2011 11:18:28 -0400
Speed matters: how Ethernet went from 3Mbps to 100Gbps... and beyond
http://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2011/07/ethernet-how-does-it-work/

3rd paragraph talks about token-ring

in the late 80s, the communication group was attempting to stave off client/server and preserve 3270 terminal emulation paradigm (for which they had major install base). misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

they were pushing token-ring as solution for enormous complexity and weight problems from 3270 coax cable ... running point-to-point from datacenter to each 3270 terminal in the building. cat5 was lighter could run from terminal to local wiring closet ... then with single cat5 (aggregating multiple terminals) to datacenter (or even multiple wiring closet hierarchy between terminal and datacenter) ... eliminating the enormous cable runs from each terminal all the way back to datacenter (in some bldgs, there was danger of exceeding bldg load limit just from cable weight).

in that time-frame, we had come up with 3tier architecture and out pitching to corporate execs and talking lots of barbs from token-ring forces and the communication group; some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

including aggregate 3tier infrastructure using ethernet was both cheaper than terminal emulation environment (with token-ring), but also provided significant more bandwidth (and services) to client.

in the same time-frame, the new almaden research bldg had been extensively wired for (16mbit token-ring) cat5 ... but found (10mbit) enet provided both higher bandwidth and lower latency (than 16mbit T/R).

the dallas e/s center came out with report showing 16mbit token-ring was far superior to enet ... but I believed the only conceivable way was they used early/original 3mbit enet (before listen-before-transmit).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

FW: Mysterious Email (original had no subject)

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: FW: Mysterious Email (original had no subject)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 15 Jul 2011 08:53:46 -0700
barry@MXG.COM (Barry Merrill) writes:
"PROFS was Ollie North's downfall"

Actually, it was the site's VERY GOOD backup philosophy that kept backups long-term, and the PROFS implementation at that site that when the user "deleted" a message, it wasn't deleted.


almost every such datacenter operation from the period kept long-term backup tapes ... and there wasn't any process to propagate a delete message operation through those backup tapes.

for even more drift, recent thread in this mailing list with some PROFs (regarding gov. installation):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#73 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#74 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer

of other drift, past posts mentioning backup/archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Speed matters: how Ethernet went from 3Mbps to 100Gbps... and beyond

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Speed matters: how Ethernet went from 3Mbps to 100Gbps... and beyond
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 15 Jul 2011 14:47:07 -0400
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
That probably was because of better engineering in the ethernet cards.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#58 Speed matters: how Ethernet went from 3Mbps to 100Gbps... and beyond

latency and aggregate bandwidth of 16mbit T/R (worse than 10mbit enet) was because latency for token to transition the ring. that was separate from technology of 16mbit T/R cards and individual cards having significantly worse throughput than 10mbit enet cards.

PC/RT workstation had done their own 4mbit T/R card for the AT bus. however for the RS/6000 with microchannel, the group was told they couldn't design their own cards and mandated to use PS/2 microchannel adapter cards (helping their PS/2 brethern, however for lots of things that restricted RS/6000 to thruput of PS/2).

in large part because of the "terminal" emulation push, design point was to have 300 (or more) stations sharing 16mbit bandwidth ... with very little activity per station. result was that the PS/2 16mbit T/R microchannel adapter card had lower per card thruput than the PC/RT 4mbit T/R AT-bus adapter card.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

Since PC/RT & RS/6000 tended to very much be client/server environment ... a PC/RT server with 4mbit T/R adapter into network could have much higher thruput than RS/6000 server with 16mbit T/R adapter (client/server environment tending to asymmetric bandwidth; i.e. server requirements tending to the aggregate of all the clients).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

All that is also separate from extremely high markup on the 16mbit T/R cards ... price over ten times that of readily available high-performance 10mbit enet cards.

disclaimer: my wife is one of the inventors on token-passing patent from late 70s.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Joint Design of Instruction Set and Language

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Joint Design of Instruction Set and Language
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Fri, 15 Jul 2011 14:26:06 -0400
anton@mips.complang.tuwien.ac.at (Anton Ertl) writes:
And IA-64, which was designed for extremely sophisticated compiler technology, has the register stack, which is a more flexible version of register windows. Register windows may not help much in SPEC CPU, but programs that are actually used are compiled with separate compilation, use dynamic linking and indirect calls (e.g., virtual function calls), and even sophisticated compilers are quite limited in their register allocation capabilities under these circumstances.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#56 Joint Design of Instruction Set and Language

with regard to engineers leaving for other companies after various internal 801 efforts were canceled

... a couple old emails regarding people leaving (and asking if i would go also)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#email811006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#email811006b
in this previously referenced post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#65 801

itanium wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Itanium

one of the people is (also) credited with retrofitting "access registers" to 3033 as dual-address space, doing a lot of 801 stuff then leaving and doing risc for another vendor ... and then of the main people behind wide-word and i64. misc. past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#84 Is a VAX a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#57 Why not an IBM zSeries workstation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#18 Black magic in POWER5
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#28 [Meta] Marketplace argument
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#29 [Meta] Marketplace argument
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#39 What happens if CR's are directly changed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#1 About TLB in lower-level caches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#67 How the Pentium Fell Short of a 360/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#60 Different Implementations of VLIW
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#6 Is it time to stop research in Computer Architecture ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#2 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#10 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#17 New job for mainframes: Cloud platform

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Announcement of the disk drive (1956)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Announcement of the disk drive (1956)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 16 Jul 2011 09:59:23 -0400
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
I'm just reading "IBM's 360 and Early 370 Systems" now, and got to the chapter on disks. Apparently drums preceded disks, so disks probably weren't seen as that much of an innovation, but only as a larger, slower drum.

in the mid-60s, there were drums, disks and the 2321 "data-cell" ... collectively known as DASD (direct access storage device) .. to differentiate from tape and other mediums.

in the 70s, i transferred to san jose research (bldg. 28 on san jose plant site) ... and they would let me play disk engineer over in bldgs. 14 & 15 (across the street). misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

from ibm archives
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_basic.html

Fifty years of storage innovation
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_fifty.html

20th century disk storage chronolog
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_chrono20.html

sparse references to drums in any of the above (almost like they clensed mention of drums in general storage references, seemed to start when they sold off the san jose plant site and san jose plant site storage web pages went away).

650 magnetic drum:
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/650/650_ph09.html

in the late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at world-wide, annual, internal communication group conference ... and opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. the issue was that the communication group had strangle-hold on the datacenter ... had corporate "ownership" for everything that crossed the datacenter walls. the issue was that communication group stangle-hold including attempting to preserve the terminal emulation paradigm (and install base) and data was fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing platforms (the disk division had developed a number of products to address the situation, but the communication group had veto'ed them). recent related thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#58 Speed matters: how Ethernet went from 3Mbps to 100Gbps... and beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#60 Speed matters: how Ethernet went from 3Mbps to 100Gbps... and beyond

past posts mentioning terminal emulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 16 Jul 2011 15:39:26 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/07/14/brief_history_of_virtualisation_part_2/page2.html


correct subject line ... not goof i did with cut/paste

register has blog/forum on the subject ... where I've made a few comments:
http://forums.theregister.co.uk/forum/1/2011/07/14/brief_history_of_virtualisation_part_2/
vm history

lots of history in Melinda's history document, i recently provided her with a single file PDF version
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/neuvm.pdf

and kindle version
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/neuvm.azw

built from her multi-file postscript version

Science center first did cp/40 having added virtual memory hardware to 360/40. cp/40 morphed into CP/67 when they were able to obtain 360/67 that came standard with virtual memory hardware. Later cp/67 morphed into vm370 when virtual memory became standard on 370s. lots of past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

TSS/360 was the "official" software for 360/67 ... but they had numerous difficulties. Running same exact simulated application script for fortran edit, compile and execute ... I got better throughput and responses for 35 simulated CP67/CMS users than the IBM SE got with 4 simulated TSS/360 users (running on same identical 360/67 hardware).

In the 70s, the massive (failed) Future System effort (was going to completely replace 370) heavily used the single-level-store from TSS/360.


... snip ...
S/38/AS400

The massive (failed) Future System effort in the early 70s was going to completely replace 370 and drew heavily on single-level-store design from TSS/360. The folklore is that when FS failed, several people retreated to rochester and did a simplified, FS subset as S/38. misc. past posts mentioning future system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

I had learned a lot at the univ. watching tss/360 testing and its comparison with cp67/cms. Later at the science center in the 70s (during the future system period), I continued to do 360/370 stuff ... including a page-mapped filesystem for CMS (which never shipped in standard product) ... avoiding a lot of the tss/360 pitfalls (I would also periodically ridicule the FS effort ... with comments that what I had already had running was better than their bluesky stuff).


... snip ...
CTSS, Mutlics, CP40, CP67, etc

note that some of the CTSS people (MIT IBM 7094) went to the 5th flr of 545 tech sq and did MULTICS; others went to the science center on 4th flr of 545 tech sq and did (virtual machine) cp40, cp67, vm370, etc


... snip ...
360/67, tss/360, cp67, mts, orvyl/wylbur

There were quite a few customers sold 360/67 with the promise of running tss/360. when tss/360 looked like it was going to be difficult to birth ... many switched to os/360 or cp67. Michigan did its own (virtual memory) MTS system and Stanford did its own (virtual memory) Orvyl/Wylbur system. Later the Wylbur part was ported to os/360


... snip ...
VMA, virtual machine microcode assist

cp40 & cp67 provided virtual machine support by running the virtual machine in problem state and taking the privilege/supervisor state interrupts for supervisor state instructions and simulated them. Later for vm/370 and 370, virtual machine microcode assist was provided on 370/158 and 370/168 which would executive frequently executed supervisor state instructions according to virtual machine rules.

A superset of this was extended for 370/138 & 370/148 called ECPS ... which included dropping parts of vm370 supervisor into microcode. There was an attempt to ship all 138/148 machines with VM370 pre-installed ... sort of a early software flavor of LPARS ... which was overruled by corporate hdqtrs (at the time there were various parts of the corporation working on killing vm370).

A much larger and more complete facility was done for 370/xa on 3081 called SIE.

Amdahl came out with a "hardware" only "hypervisor" function ... sort of superset of SIE ... but subset of virtual machine configuration.

IBM responded with similar facility PR/SM on the 3090 ... which was further expanded to multiple logical partitions as LPARS. PR/SM heavily relied on the SIE microcode implementation ... and for a long time a vm/370 operating system running in an LPAR couldn't use SIE ... because it was already in use for LPAR. It took additional development where vm370 running in an LPAR (using SIE) could also use SIE for its own virtual machines (aka effectively SIE running under SIE).


... snip ...
s/38 single-level-store

one of the shortcomings of simplified s/38 single-level-store was it treated all disks as common pool of storage with scatter allocation across the pool. As a result all disks had to be backed up as a single integral filesystem and any single disk failure would require a whole filesystem restore (folklore about extended length of time to do a complete restore after single disk failure) . single disk failures were fairly common failure mode and s/38 approach scales up poorly to environment with 300 disks (or more) ... aka on any disk failure take down the whole system while the complete configuration was restored (or length of time the system would be down for complete backup).

this shortcoming was motivation for s/38 to be early adopter of RAID technology ... as means of masking single disk failures.


... snip ...
virtual paging under virtual paging

VM370 supported the memory of the virtual machine with demand paged virtual memory managed by an approximation to global LRU. MVS/370 running in a virtual machine, managed its virtual pages (in what it thot was "real memory") with an LRU approximation.

LRU or least recently used ... assumed that a page that hasn't been used for the longest time is the least likely page to be used in the future. It can be paged out and the real storage allocated for some other use.

It was possible for MVS/370 with its LRU paging to get in pathological situation when running under vm370 (with its LRU paging). VM370 will select an MVS/370 virtual machine virtual page to be replaced (paged out) because it hasn't been used for a long time (aka least recently used). However, if MVS/370 is also paging (using LRU page replacement), that same page is also the one that MVS/370 will decide to use next (i.e. invalidating the assumptions behind vm370's least-recently-used page replacement)


... snip ...
xmas tree

vmshare reference 10dec87 to xmas exec on bitnet
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse?fn=CHRISTMA&ft=PROB

risk digest reference (21dec87)
http://catless.ncl.ac.uk/Risks/5.81.html#subj1

misc. past posts mentioning bitnet (used technology similar to internal network)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

this is old post where I try and reproduce the effects of a 1981 rexx xmas tree that used FSX for 3279
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#54

note that the bitnet 1987 xmas exec was almost exactly a year before the morris worm on the internet.


--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Zen and Connaturality

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 16 Jul, 2011
Subject: Zen and Connaturality
Blog: Boyd Disciples
re:
http://lnkd.in/ngnYM2
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#39 Zen and Connaturality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#42 Zen and Connaturality

for slightly different approach, I'm in the process of reading "The Information: A history, A theory, A flood" (on kindle)
http://around.com/the-information

it is spending quite a bit on how the invention of the alphabet enabled logic and thinking about thinking (the words were abstraction of what they were suppose to represent). it sort of says that before it was available, people dealt with their environment based on what they had (personally) experienced. afterwards people could start to deal with their environment based on logic & abstraction (w/o necessarily having personal experience).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Architecture / Instruction Set / Language co-design

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Architecture / Instruction Set / Language co-design.
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 17 Jul 2011 12:11:27 -0400
mac <acolvin@efunct.com> writes:
Marketing it that way didn't make it so. I can't find my copy of Organick's book, but I remember at the time that this seemed bogus.

The 432 had hardware object protection of the kind that might be useful for machine language and C, but should have been unnecessary for Ada's strong typing.

It's true that the 432 had support for garbage collection, bug it wasn't clear that Ada requirdd this.

The 432 also promoted the idea of "the Silicon Operating System". Since OS's are expensive and unreliable, we'd be better off if they were implemented in hardware. I heard that elements of the design wound up in the 286 et seq.


432 had some similarities to mainframe (failed) Future System effort in the early 70s ... but mostly microcode rather than silicon. past posts mentioning FS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

432 group gave presentation at acm sigops (asilomar, 79? or 81?). one of the big problems was that there was large amount of complex code directly in silicon ... which had tendency to have bugs ... and it was very expensive to correct.

i still have some old 432 reference manuals

misc. past posts mentioning 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#61 TF-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#57 iAPX-432 (was: 36 to 32 bit transition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#62 iAPX-432 (was: 36 to 32 bit transition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#6 Ridiculous
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#48 Famous Machines and Software that didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#54 FBA History Question (was: RE: What's the meaning of track overfl ow?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#36 What was object oriented in iAPX432?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#2 Minimalist design (was Re: Parity - why even or odd)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#27 iAPX432 today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#46 IBM Mainframe at home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#19 Computer Architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#5 Anyone here ever use the iAPX432 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#11 computers and alcohol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#5 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#6 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#17 diffence between itanium and alpha
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#54 Reviving Multics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#55 Reviving Multics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#56 Reviving Multics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#23 Intel iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#24 Intel iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#47 Intel 860 and 960, was iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#45 hung/zombie users ... long boring, wandering story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#12 real multi-tasking, multi-programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#52 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#60 Will multicore CPUs have identical cores?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#64 Will multicore CPUs have identical cores?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#73 Athlon cache question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#64 Misuse of word "microcode"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#46 Performance and Capacity Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#35 Implementing schedulers in processor????
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#31 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#47 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#42 Why is zSeries so CPU poor?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#44 Any resources on VLIW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#15 "25th Anniversary of the Personal Computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#7 32 or even 64 registers for x86-64?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#61 ISA Support for Multithreading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#32 Is the media letting banks off the hook on payment card security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#36 Oracle Introduces Oracle VM As It Leaps Into Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#78 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#54 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#32 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#35 Two views of Microkernels (Re: Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#22 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#52 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#32 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#13 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#18 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#46 U.S. begins inquiry of IBM in mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#74 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#1 IA64
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#45 IA64
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#8 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#40 Faster image rotation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#22 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#28 Personal histories and IBM computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#7 RISCversus CISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#91 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wasn't instant messaging on IBM's VM/CMS in the early 1980s

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 17 Jul, 2011
Subject: Wasn't instant messaging on IBM's VM/CMS in the early 1980s
Blog: Linkedin
CP/67 provided (instant) messages between users on the same machine. Pisa Science Center added SPM command to CP67 which allowed virtual machine to "intercept" things like cp messages and other stuff under software control. In the early 70s this was migrated to vm370 and was used internally by RSCS to support both "commands" sent as messages as well as forwarding messages to users at other nodes on the internal network (providing "instant" messaging on the same machine as well with users on other nodes in the network). The RSCS that shipped to customers in '76 included SPM support. In the late 70s, the author of REXX implemented a multiuser client/server spacewar game using the facility.

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s (internal network was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until possibly late '85 or early '86). Somewhat as a result, there was a researcher paid to sit in back of my office for 9months taking notes on how i communicate. They also got logs of all my instant messages and copies of all my incoming and outgoing email. This became research report, stanford phd thesis (joint computer ai and language) and some number of papers and books. references to computer mediated coversation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

past posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

misc posts mentiong SPM and/or multiuser spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#32 z900 and Virtual Machine Theory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#26 Help needed on conversion from VM to OS390
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#20 Whatever happened to IBM's VM PC software?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#12 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#4 Fast action games on System/360+?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#51 other cp/cms history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#47 To RISC or not to RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#8 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#16 intersection between autolog command and cmsback (more history)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#11 vm/sp1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#14 Just another example of mainframe costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#14 more shared segment archeology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#25 IBM 360 Model 20 Questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#22 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#41 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#73 Addressing Scheme with 64 vs 63 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#48 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#67 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#5 real-time messages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#74 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#0 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#33 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#28 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#5 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#89 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#56 VAXen on the Internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

U.S. can't account for $8.7 billion of Iraq's money: audit

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 17 Jul, 2011
Subject: U.S. can't account for $8.7 billion of Iraq's money: audit
Blog: Google+
U.S. can't account for $8.7 billion of Iraq's money: audit
http://www.reuters.com/article/2010/07/27/us-iraq-usa-spending-idUSTRE66Q55620100727

wasn't there also something about shipping $12B in pallets of $100 bills and $6B is unaccounted for

news item 2007 ($12B in shrink wrapped $100s)
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/feb/08/usa.iraq1
and then go from billion to trillion:
http://www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm?documentid=4623

note cdi.org has moved to
http://www.pogo.org/straus/
... missing $1T is now
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/defense-budget/2010/what-did-the-rumsfeld-gates-pentagon-do-with-1-trillion.html

person that testified in Madoff hearings about trying unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff, replied to question about need for new regulations, that while new regulation may be necessary, much more important was transparency and visibility (which is pretty much antithesis of culture around wallstreet)

In the wake of Enron, SOX was passed requiring very expensive audits for public companies but required SEC to do something. Possibly because GAO (also) didn't think SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of uptic in public company fraudulent financial filings (even after SOX). SOX also required SEC to do something about rating agencies (which played pivotal role in the financial mess). In the rating agency hearings, there was comment that the rating agencies could possibly avoid federal prosecution with blackmail threat of credit down rating.

and with respect to enron, sox, sec, gao, etc ... quote seen on the web: "Enron was a dry run and it worked so well it has become institutionalized"

misc. recent posts mentioning ENRON and/or SOX:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#46 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#48 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#28 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#7 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#9 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#38 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#56 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#35 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#62 Mixing Auth and Non-Auth Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#64 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#86 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#5 How they failed to catch Madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#40 Fight Fraud with Device ID
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#47 Lords: Auditors guilty of 'dereliction of duty'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#52 Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#41 Delinquent Homeowners to Get Mortgage Aid from Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#66 Senate Democrats Ask House to Boost SEC Funding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#21 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#25 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why the US needs a data privacy law -- and why it might finally get one

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 18 Jul, 2011
Subject: Why the US needs a data privacy law -- and why it might finally get one
Blog: Google+
Why the US needs a data privacy law -- and why it might finally get one
http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2011/07/why-the-us-needs-a-data-privacy-lawand-why-it-might-actually-happen/

There have been quite a few federal bills introduced in the more than decade since cal. legislation, about evenly divided into approx. the same as the cal. legislation and those that would eliminate notification.

note that about the same time as the cal. notification legislation, cal. was also working on an "opt-in" privacy sharing bill (only can share when explicitly authorized), when an (federal pre-emption) "opt-out" sharing provision was added to GLBA (other provisions contributed to financial bubble). Middle of last decade, there was annual privacy conference in WashDC that included panel discussion with FTC commissioners. From the audience a person said that they were associated with call center operations and claimed major financial centers didn't bother to record/keep any information from 1-800 "opt-out" calls (no record of people declining personal information sharing), and wondered if the FTC would ever investigate

disclaimer: I was co-author of financial industry x9.99 privacy standard.

a little x-over with recent thread mentioning SEC wasn't doing anything in the same period.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#67 U.S. can't account for $8.7 billion of Iraq's money: audit

misc. recent posts mentioning opt-out, opt-in and/or GLBA:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#19 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#28 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#41 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#55 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#7 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#9 Breaches and Consumer Backlash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#55 CISO's Guide to Breach Notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#18 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#45 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Making Z/OS easier - Effectively replacing JCL with Unix like commands

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Making Z/OS easier - Effectively replacing JCL with Unix like commands
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Jul 2011 09:49:38 -0700
charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:
Somewhat OT but why? Why not C on the mainframe? Why two code bases, one fairly easy to debug and one relatively hard to debug?

I am thrilled with writing software for the mainframe in C (C++ actually) after years of laboring in assembler.


the los gatos vlsi lab was using metaware for a lot of (mainframe) vlsi tool development. two people from the group then did mainframe pascal compiler ... which eventually evolved into vs/pascal product.

I was working on getting one of the people (responsible for mainframe pascal) to do C language front-end ... when he left and went to work for metaware. when the palo alto group was planning on doing BSD unix for mainframe, I talked them into contracting with metaware for the C compiler. However, before that mainframe BSD unix shipped, the group was retargeted to PC/RT ... eventually coming out with "AOS" (bsd unix running on pc/rt) ... but still using metaware's c compiler.

the disk division eventually sponsored the posix support on MVS ... one of the many things they were doing to try and get around the stranglehold that the communication group had on the mainframe datacenter (most of which the communication group vetoed ... since the communication group had strategic ownership for everything that crossed the datacenter walls; disk division being hdqtrd in silicon valley possibly helped with their perspective)

misc past posts mentioning disk division talk at annual, internal, world-wide communication group conference that started out with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division (the communication group stranglehold was already resulting in data fleeing the mainframe datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

a co-worker that helped with the original CMSBACK (eventually morphs into today's TSM) ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

... left and did a lot of consulting for various silicon valley chip shops. At one place, he did a lot of work and enhancements for the AT&T C compiler (and some number of other vendor C compilers) for their operations on mainframe (as part of porting BSD vlsi tools to the mainframe). At one point he was doing a lot of work doing mainframe ethernet support as part of supporting SGI graphics workstations for displaying VLSI designs. The salesman dropped in and asked him what was going on and after being told, the salesman suggested that he should be doing token-ring support instead (or otherwise the customer might find mainframe support and maintenance suffering). Afterwards, I got a phone call and had to listen to several hours of comments about the company, local branch office and salesmen. The next morning, the vlsi company had big press release that they were moving off mainframe to unix servers.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pentagon Struggles To Keep Ships Sailing, Planes Flying As Budget Cuts Loom

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 18 Jul, 2011
Subject: Pentagon Struggles To Keep Ships Sailing, Planes Flying As Budget Cuts Loom
Blog: Facebook
Pentagon Struggles To Keep Ships Sailing, Planes Flying As Budget Cuts Loom
http://breakingdefense.com/2011/07/18/pentagon-struggles-to-keep-ships-sailing-planes-flying-as-budge/

can't resist referring to:

What Did the Rumsfeld/Gates Pentagon Do with $1 Trillion?
http://www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm?documentid=4623

note cdi.org has moved to
http://www.pogo.org/straus/
... missing $1T is now
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/defense-budget/2010/what-did-the-rumsfeld-gates-pentagon-do-with-1-trillion.html

and

Unaccountable Pentagon
http://www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm?DocumentID=4630&StartRow=31&ListRows=10&appendURL&Orderby=D.DateLastUpdated&ProgramID=37&from_page=index.cfm

and

Why the Defense Meltdown Was Preventable; Defense Death Spiral
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/links-to-my-reports.html

from above:

Unclassified Report of Franklin C. Spinney
http://web.me.com/chaliventures/Links_to_Reports/Links_to_Idisk.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 19 Jul 2011 08:36:22 -0400
The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?
http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2011/07/should-we-thank-for-feds-for-the-success-of-unix/

while the above mentions '56 AT&T consent decree and open source ... the litigation against ibm resulted in the 23jun69 unbundling announcement and starting to charge for software (just the opposite) ... misc. past posts mentions unbundling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

for other topic drift ... recent c/unix post in mainframe mailing list thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#69 Making Z/OS easier - Effectively replacing JCL with Unix like commands

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NYTimes: IBM, helped by new mainframe sales, exceeds analysts' expectations

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: NYTimes: IBM, helped by new mainframe sales, exceeds analysts' expectations
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 19 Jul 2011 05:43:14 -0700
john_w_gilmore@MSN.COM (john gilmore) writes:
This morning's New York Times, which perhaps not quite all of you see, contains a piece attributing IBM's unexpectedly good financial results to sales of new mainframes.

from bloomberg/businessweek

IBM Gains After Raising Profit Forecast on Software Demand
http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-07-19/ibm-gains-most-in-two-years-after-raising-profit-forecast.html

from above:
Software sales advanced 17 percent, evidence that Chief Executive Officer Sam Palmisano is making headway on efforts to bulk up in that area, in addition to services, IBM's mainstay. Together, the divisions accounted for 80 percent of IBM's sales in the quarter, up from 65 percent a decade earlier.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 20 Jul 2011 09:50:38 -0400
"John Varela" <newlamps@verizon.net> writes:
Ken Olsen and others came out of MIT Lincoln Labs, where SAGE was developed.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#71 Unix Revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?

1st cp67 installation outside science center was at lincoln labs (univ. I was at was the 2nd outside science center). then fairly quickly, there were two cp67 commerical timesharing service bureaus startups, one by the head of lincoln labs (with some others from lincoln labs). recent cp67 reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#54 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#63 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)

misc. past posts mentioning cp67 commercial timesharing service bureaus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

misc. past posts mentioning science center (4th flr, 545 tech sq)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

total aside, I'm currently reading (on Kindle) Gleick's "The Information: A History, A Theory, a Flood" ... which has some amount about Bell and Shannon.
http://www.amazon.com/Information-History-Theory-Flood-ebook/dp/B004DEPHUC

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 20 Jul 2011 10:20:47 -0400
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
All of them. University computer centers got quite a few bomb threats, especially in 1969 and 1970.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#71 Unix Revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#73 Unix Revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?

early 70s, some group stationed watchers all over the boston/cambridge area and called in threat to fbi offices in boston (to see what building got evacuated).

past reference to certain 3-letter agency being on 3rd floor of 545 tech sq (listed as lawyer offices in the directory).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#26 MTS & LLMPS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#47 Is C close to the machine?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#15 545 Tech Square

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Check out June 2011 | TOP500 Supercomputing Sites

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Check out June 2011 | TOP500 Supercomputing Sites
To: <ibm-main@bama.ua.edu>
Date: Wed, 20 Jul 2011 10:09:35 -0400
Efinnell15@AOL.COM (Ed Finnell) writes:
_June 2011 | TOP500 Supercomputing Sites_ (http://www.top500.org/lists/2011/06)

That's a whollottaflops...


and a whole lot of 64bit sparcs ... regardless of what sun/oracle is doing.

recent comment (in linkedin) thread that possibly single blade mega-datacenters may have more MIPs than the aggregate of all currently installed mainframes:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#9 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened

note that original 64bit sparc was being done at HAL (initials from former head of ibm 801/risc workstation division and head of sun manufacturing, there was glitch at last minute with sun objecting to participation by former sun employee) ... heavily funded by fujitsu ... eventually absorbed into fujitsu.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HAL_Computer_Systems

misc. past posts mentioning 801, risc, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DG Fountainhead vs IBM Future Systems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: DG Fountainhead vs IBM Future Systems
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 20 Jul 2011 12:19:10 -0400
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Yes; if one is using MIPS as a measure of power rather than just number of instructions per second, I think that the usual standard for "1 MIPS" is a KDF 9. Although I've seen the VAX proposed for that role as well.

old email about 4341 (and faster than 780 and better price/performance)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

LLNL had 6600 "RAIN" benchmark (before linpack) ... mentions LLNL looking at ordering 70 4341s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#21 moving on

and old post with afdc started out looking at 20 4341s which grew to 210:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#15 departmental servers

linpack
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LINPACK

for other drift ... post from today in mainframe mailing list about top500:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#75 Check out June 2011 | TOP500 Supercomputing Sites

old posts about late 70s LLNL "RAIN" 6600 benchmark on 4341, 158, & 3031:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#0 Is a VAX a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#7 4341 was "Is a VAX a mainframe?"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#32 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#15 departmental servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#0 Microcode?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#7 IBM Mainframe at home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#8 Is AMD doing an Intel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#7 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#19 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#22 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#37 IBM was: CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#4 misc. old benchmarks (4331 & 11/750)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#10 Mainframe System Programmer/Administrator market demand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#25 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#30 HASP/ASP JES/JES2/JES3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#38 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#32 Multiple address spaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#39 another blast from the past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#40 REAL memory column in SDSF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#41 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#19 old vm370 mitre benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#31 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#21 moving on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#62 Cycles per ASM instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#32 I/O in Emulated Mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#44 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#54 mainframe performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#18 Microminiaturized Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#50 what IBM 360/370/etc. model was their best seller?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#67 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#37 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#87 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#36 What was old is new again (water chilled)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#42 IBM 3883 Manuals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#45 Basic question about CPU instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#43 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#41 My first mainframe experience

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

program coding pads

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: program coding pads
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 21 Jul 2011 10:00:07 -0400
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
In SMP, the controllers had to have a connection to each CPU. That way one didn't lose the devices when a CPU was removed. this also happened with disk controllers and disk drives. One port of the disk drive would be hooked into one controller on one CPU and the other port would be hooked to another controller in another CPU. If we had 3 or 4 port drives, they would have been hooked into the third and fourth CPUs.

standard 360 (360/65) SMP (2-way "tightly-coupled") had both processors sharing same/common memory ... but each processors had dedicated channels (for I/O). SMP I/O configurations were simulated by having "twin-tailed" controllers (two channel interfaces) that had connections to channels on the different processors.

there was 360/67 ... in the uniprocessor version it was nearly identical to 360/65 but with the addition of virtual memory support. however, the SMP version quite a bit of additional engineering, up to four processors sharing memory (although I think only 3ways were actually built) and it had "shared" channel support (any processor could access any channel). 360 shared channels weren't seen again until more than decade later with 3081. recent mention of 360/67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#54 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#63 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)

misc. past posts mentioning SMP and/or invention of compare&swap instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

there were also "loosely-coupled" configurations where the processors didn't have any shared memory ... but had twin-tailed controllers to different channels on different processors.

in the 70s, 3830 disk controller (for 3330, 3340, 3350 disks) supported four-tailed operation (controller could be connected to four different channels on four different processors). There was also "string-switch" ... sort of a sub-controller ... where a string of 8 3330 drives could be connected to two different 3830 controllers (where each controller might have four channel connections, allowing up to eight channel paths to a single string of disks).

Larger loosely-coupled supported for reservation systems with ACP (airline control program, 1979 renamed TPF, transaction processing facility ... when some of the financial networks started using).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transaction_Processing_Facility

ACP/TPF leveraged loosely-coupled operation for both "fault isolation" (various kinds of storage overlays that could corrupt SMP operation) as well as processing growth. For 3830, there was also special ACP "locking facility" ... that supported logical locks providing much finer granularity than the traditional device reserve/release. referenced in this old email (also mentioned in the TPF wiki page):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#email800325
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#39 American Airlines

disclaimer ... long ago and far away, my wife did stint in POK (ibm large mainframe hdqtrs) in charge of loosely-coupled architecture.

One of the issues for ACP/TPF was that 3081 wasn't going to have a non-SMP version and ACP/TPF didn't have tightly-coupled support (only loosely-coupled support). There were all sort of antics that were done to try and satisfy the ACP/TPF customers (keep them from all going to Amdahl ... which was shipping non-SMP products). One of the interim things was hack to vm/370 specifically for improving thruput of TPF running in single virtual machine on 3081 (but significantly increased virtual machine overhead for all customers running vm370 multiprocessor configurations). Eventually there was a specially modified 3081 with one of the processors removed ... sold as 3083 (one of the problems was 3081 was internally wired with processor0 at the top of the box, simply removing processor1 in the middle of the box would have left the box top-heavy and some danger of tipping). Later there was special 3083 channel microcode load tailored for distinctly TPF I/O characteriscs.

this references some of the other characteristics of 3081
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

2nd disclaimer ... somewhat later, my wife did short stint as chief architect for Amadeus (european tpf reservation system, somewhat scaffolded off Eastern's "systemone"):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amadeus_CRS

she got caught up in x.25/sna battle ... supporting x.25 resulting in the sna forces having her replaced ... didn't do them any good since amadeus went with x.25 anyway.

eastern history reference:
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/valueone/valueone_flying.html

other airline res
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_reservations_system

misc. recent references to 3083:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#19 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#49 vm/370 3081
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#70 vm/370 3081
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#16 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#26 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#43 Sabre; The First Online Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#49 Dyadic vs AP: Was "CPU utilization/forecasting"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#60 Dyadic vs AP: Was "CPU utilization/forecasting"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#7 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 21 Jul 2011 10:16:32 -0400
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
The new computer center was designed to have glass walls so that the kiddies could see the gear and watch the operators working. After the second or third bomb threat, the director was very sorry he insisted on the glass walls. It was supposed to be part of student education so they would know what a computer looked like.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#74 The Unix revolution -- thank you, Uncle Sam?

in the early 80s, there was incident with former employee driving vehicle through the glass windows. after that incident there was major change in computer room design and placement. the "new" almaden research bldg in the mid80s also had some number of landscaping features making it difficult for vehicle to enter bldg. some number of those features increased around gov. bldgs in the last decade.

from ibm jargon:
Drive-in Branch n. ISG HQ in Bethesda, Maryland. Named for an incident in 1982 when a former IBM employee drove his car through the doors of the building (which never was a branch office, in fact) and went on a shooting spree that killed or injured a number of people. Many of the fortifications around the entrances of IBM buildings date from this incident. [This usage is unfortunately quite common, being used by those unaware of the details of the incident. It is considered to be in bad taste by those who lost friends and colleagues.] See also Rusty Bucket.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Innovation and iconoclasm

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 21 Jul, 2011
Subject: Innovation and iconoclasm
Blog: Boyd Disciples
re:
http://lnkd.in/DdgdXS

In IBM, there use to be references to Watson & "wild duck" employees. However, with Opel & Akers, there are references to the FS failure (and associated loss of face by top executives) resulted in culture change to sycophancy and make no waves. The joke was that "wild ducks" were still tolerated as long as they flew in formation. Recently, as part of the 100th anniversary celebration, they did video about Watson "wild ducks" ... but it was about "wild duck" customers (with no reference to "wild duck" employees).

I had gotten blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until possibly late '85 or early '86) in the late 70s and early 80s. The folklore was that when the executive committee (chairman, ceo, pres, etc) was informed of online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me (repeatedly over nearly my whole employment, I was told there was no career or promotions).

for a little drift, earlier today, I had posted this reference

Ranking the (Innovation) Rankings
http://americaandtheglobaleconomy.wordpress.com/2011/07/08/ranking-the-innovation-rankings/

along with this comment:

old article from 2007 (US 'no longer technology king'):
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/6502725.stm
and more recent (What Matters: Has the US passed peak productivity growth?):
http://whatmatters.mckinseydigital.com/the_debate_zone/has-the-us-passed-peak-productivity-growth
and from today (Report Calls For Shift In How Science Is Taught):
http://www.redorbit.com/news/education/2082368/report_calls_for_shift_in_how_science_is_taught/index.html/

there has recently been something of the inverse discussion (on facebook)

Two never-finished Navy ships head to scrap heap
http://hamptonroads.com.nyud.net/2011/07/two-neverfinished-navy-ships-head-scrap-heap

more of the same ($46 Billion Worth of Cancelled Programs)
http://defensetech.org/2011/07/19/46-billion-worth-of-cancelled-programs/

... and reads like Success Of Failure culture (make more money from having several failures) ... which could imply purposefully selecting for those that support the status quo (and not innovate)

there is also another similar discussion about F35

in the MIC/MICC there can be hundreds of billions involved and upsetting the status quo can result in serious action (one explanation is that large percentage are totally amoral ... its nothing personal, purely business ... aka money).

Boyd's story about doing the F16 was anticipating serious repercussions from the F15 forces. At one point the F15 forces go to the secretary of airforce and complain, pointing out that they know Boyd is doing the F16, it is unauthorized, he has to be using enormous amounts of supercomputer time, also unauthorized. The unauthorized supercomputer time amounts to tens of millions in theft of gov. property. They start an investigation which could send Boyd to Leavenworth for life ... but extensive audits of all gov. computers find no evidence of Boyd's use. He would tell that after they gave up, the person heading the investigation came to him ... saying he would like to know how it was done ... just for his own personal information.

He would also tell about taking 18 months leading up to the Spinney article (18 pages, time magazine in the early 80s). They had to make sure that they had copy of written authorization for every piece of information for unclassified congressional briefing. The hearing itself involved a lot of politics with it eventually being moved to small, cramp hearing room on Friday afternoon. Sat. morning supposedly SECDEF is holding damage control meeting and relieved to only find passing reference in the papers. Then the 18page article hits the news stands on Monday morning. Investigation kicks off trying to convict Spinney of anything ... but there is the carefully constructed paper trail. DOD supposedly creates a new classification, "NOSPIN" (unclassified but not to be given to Spinney), also SECDEF supposedly claims that they know Boyd is behind it, has him transferred to remote outpost in Alaska, and banned from entering the Pentagon for life (politics again come into play and order is rescinded)

Spinney's blog:
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/
Steele will reference Spinney
http://www.phibetaiota.net/tag/spinney/

note that in the Success of Failure series, an agency person that talked to the reporter was charged with all sorts of serious offenses. When the dust finally settled (last couple weeks) all he was convicted of was misdemeanor ... nothing to do with talking to the reporter. There has been some number of articles about gov (& corporate) serious intimidation of whistle blowers. old reference to Success Of Failure series:
http://www.govexec.com/management/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

somewhat unrelated "abuse of power to preserve status quo" (from today) ... not simply limited to intimidating whistle-blowers

A pound of flesh: how Cisco's "unmitigated gall" derailed one man's life
http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2011/07/a-pound-of-flesh-how-ciscos-unmitigated-gall-derailed-one-mans-life/

past posts &/or references mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Greed, Excess and America's Gaping Class Divide

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 21 Jul, 2011
Subject: Greed, Excess and America's Gaping Class Divide
Blog: Facebook
Greed, Excess and America's Gaping Class Divide
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/the-new-let-them-eat-cake-20110713

Cooperation vs. Competition: Greed is good -- but only a moderate amount
http://phys.org/news/2011-07-cooperation-competition-greed-good-.html

there was also a paper from UK in the wake of the financial bubble burst about mathematics of regulation and complex systems spinning out of control when all controls have been removed (my alternate analogy were allowing individual hotbeds of greed&corruption coming together in a financial firestorm). I'm also currently reading (on Kindle) Gleick's recent "The Information: A History, A Theory, A Flood" ... mentions positive feedback resulting in systems running away (microphone/amplifier/speaker) where negative feedback is necessary to keep industrial systems from "run away".

misc. past posts mentioning financial firestorm analogy:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#10 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#40 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#45 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Greed, Excess and America's Gaping Class Divide

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 21 Jul, 2011
Subject: Greed, Excess and America's Gaping Class Divide
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#80 Greed, Excess and America's Gaping Class Divide

The Crash Of 2008: A Mathematician's View
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081208203915.htm
The crash of 2008: A mathematician's view
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-12/w-tco120808.php

from above:
Markets need regulation to stay stable. We have had thirty years of financial deregulation. Now we are seeing chickens coming home to roost. This is the key argument of Professor Nick Bingham, a mathematician at Imperial College London, in an article published today in Significance, the magazine of the Royal Statistical Society.

There is no such thing as laying off risk if no one is able to insure it. Big new risks were taken in extending mortgages to far more people than could handle them, in the search for new markets and new profits. Attempts to insure these by securitisation -- aptly described in this case as putting good and bad risks into a blender and selling off the results to whoever would buy them -- gave us toxic debt, in vast quantities.


... snip ...

misc. past posts mentioning above:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#58 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#64 Is This a Different Kind of Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#67 What is securitization and why are people wary of it ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#5 Greed - If greed was the cause of the global meltdown then why does the biz community appoint those who so easily succumb to its temptations?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#9 Blind-sided, again. Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#18 What next? from where would the Banks be hit?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#20 Five great technological revolutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#23 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#35 Is American capitalism and greed to blame for our financial troubles in the US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#15 What are the challenges in risk analytics post financial crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#52 The Credit Crunch: Why it happened?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#37 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#53 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#54 In your opinion, which facts caused the global crise situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#80 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#39 'WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE GLOBAL MELTDOWN'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#42 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#40 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970




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