List of Archived Posts

2018 Newsgroup Postings (01/31 - 03/24)

official booze, Why Ctrl-v for Paste?!
official booze, Why Ctrl-v for Paste?!
GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
Xerox company sold
Making Computers Secure
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Xerox company sold
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Soon, the Only Alternatives to Windows Server will be open-source
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
How to open a new console in Concurrent CP/M?
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Bitcoin confusion?
Bitcoin confusion?
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
Olympics opening ceremony
free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
Olympics opening ceremony
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Olympics opening ceremony
Olympics opening ceremony
Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest
Olympics opening ceremony
Olympics opening ceremony
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
OT: Farewell to 747 in U.S. service
Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
Nostalgia
More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
Brain size of human ancestors evolved gradually over 3 million years
Brain size of human ancestors evolved gradually over 3 million years
Computer science hot major in college (article)
Accelerate Your OODA-Loop with Threat Intelligence and Orchestration
Computer science hot major in college (article)
Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
Accelerate Your OODA-Loop with Threat Intelligence and Orchestration
Silicon Valley pub that helped birth PC industry to close because of high rent
Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM
Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
Should Smart Contracts Be Legally-Enforceable?
Nostalgia
23,000 HTTPS certificates axed after CEO emails private keys
Nostalgia
Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War
BYTE Magazine Pentomino Article
What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War
The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
HSDT, LSM, and EVE
The Next Battle Between States And The Feds Is Over Your Personal Data
Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
Where Is Everyone???
Iraq war costs U.S. more than $2 trillion: study
The US destroyed Tokyo 73 years ago in the deadliest air raid in history
Scientists have established a link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism
S&P accused of weakening ratings model to win business in landmark Australian lawsuit
The Modern Politics of American Whistleblowing
Some risk from last decade economic mess
Old word processors
The Return Of Haim Bodek - HFT's First Whistleblower
IBM 5100
10 years after the financial crisis, have we learned anything?
The Cambridge Analytica scandal is what Facebook-powered election cheating looks like:
IBM 5100
Old word processors
The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began
Hidden History of How US Corporations Gained Legal Personhood and Civil Rights
Old word processors
AW: mainframe distribution
CIA Caught Between Operational Security and Analytical Quality In 1953 Iran Coup Planning
Why so many 6s and 8s in the 70s?
How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It
The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began
Old word processors
The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began
Didn't we have this some time ago on some SLED disks? Multi-actuator
How China Pushes the Limits on Military Technology Transfer
San Diego Sues Experian Over ID Theft Service
Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
Why so many 6s and 8s in the 70s?
F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight

official booze, Why Ctrl-v for Paste?!

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: official booze, Why Ctrl-v for Paste?!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 31 Jan 2018 13:00:01 -0800
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
It's always fun to watch hard-core conservatives caught in such a dilemma. They squirm so nicely when forced to choose between ideology and money. (Unless their only ideology _is_ money...)

various claims that whole income tax ... was because prior to that federal revenue was largely operated off alcohol taxes ... they needed income tax in order to move off running federal gov off alcohol consumption.
https://taxfoundation.org/how-taxes-enabled-alcohol-prohibition-and-also-led-its-repeal/

Prohibition lasted from 1919 to 1933. One of the stumbling blocks advocates of Prohibition faced before 1913 was that the federal government was heavily dependent on taxes on alcohol. The passage of the income tax constitutional amendment that year allowed government the luxury of banning alcohol without reducing tax revenue

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/13/opinion/13okrent.html
https://mises.org/blog/prohibition-and-income-tax

other trivia ... nearly all tax revenue is via eftps
https://www.irs.gov/payments/eftps-the-electronic-federal-tax-payment-system
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_Federal_Tax_Payment_System

a few past posts mentioning EFTPS/FMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm5.htm#epaym "e-payments" email discussion list is now "Internet-payments"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#19 Misc. payment, security, fraud, & authentication GAO reports (long posting)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#7 income tax [was: Computers in Science Fiction]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#69 Why did they make FORTRAN so hard to parse?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#13 Cost of patching "unsustainable"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#7 HASP/ASP JES/JES2/JES3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#48 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#59 History--automated payroll processing by other than a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#77 TRAX manual set for sale

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

official booze, Why Ctrl-v for Paste?!

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: official booze, Why Ctrl-v for Paste?!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 31 Jan 2018 15:41:18 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
Texas is by county. Dry county, no alcohol in a town for sale. Wet county, a town can go dry. Some towns sold beer only in a wet county, others sold liquor and wine in package stores. And beer in supermarkets. No restaurant can sell any alcoholic beverage to take off site.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#0 official booze, Why Ctrl-v for Paste?!

old post, "how far is it from austin to dallas?, three six packs"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#30 Computerworld Article: Dress for Success?

web search for "texas drive through alcohol" ... "beer to go drive thru", "daiquiris to go", "drive-thru margaritas" "drive-thrus for boozy frozen sluchies" ... lots more

"Weirdest thing in Texas-Drive-thru alcoholic drinks!"
https://www.tripadviser.com/ShowUserReviews-g30165-d412075-r157118675-Eskimo_Hut-Amarillo_Texas.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GE's $31 billion pension nightmare

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
Date: 31 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#19" In Praise of Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108" GE's $31 billion pension nightmare

GE Just Signaled The Next Crisis (And Nobody's Paying Attention)
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-01-30/ge-just-signaled-next-crisis-and-nobodys-paying-attention
And is all started with GE's legendary former CEO Jack Welch.

Welch would regularly beat Wall Street's earnings estimates by a penny or two. And he was named manager of the century by Fortune Magazine for his ability to pump GE's stock.

And while Welch is lauded for his "six sigma" management, it seems his real talent was using GE's many divisions to move assets around and goose earnings to hit short-term numbers.

The creative accounting caught up with GE in 2009, when the company paid $50 million to settle SEC allegations it had used improper accounting methods to boost numbers in 2002 and 2003.

Among the strategies GE used to make its 2003 numbers was selling railroad cars to banks, with side deals and verbal promises to assure the banks they couldn't lose money on the deal.

Enron used the same trick in 1999 when it "sold" Nigerian barges to Merrill Lynch, allowing the company to fake a $12 million profit.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Xerox company sold

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Xerox company sold
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 01 Feb 2018 16:00:46 -1000
hancock4 writes:
On Wednesday, Xerox said that, after 115 years as an independent business, it would combine operations with Fujifilm Holdings of Japan. The deal signaled the end of a company that was once an American corporate powerhouse. "Xerox is the poster child for monopoly technology businesses that cannot make the transition to a new generation of technology," said David B. Yoffie, a professor at the Harvard Business School. The move offers a stark reminder that no matter how high a company may fly, it is still vulnerable to the next big breakthrough. Xerox joins once formidable tech companies like Kodak and BlackBerry that lost the innovation footrace.

full article at:
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/31/business/dealbook/xerox-fujifilm.html


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#19" In Praise of Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare

GE Just Signaled The Next Crisis (And Nobody's Paying Attention)
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-01-30/ge-just-signaled-next-crisis-and-nobodys-paying-attention
Welch would regularly beat Wall Street's earnings estimates by a penny or two. And he was named manager of the century by Fortune Magazine for his ability to pump GE's stock.

And while Welch is lauded for his "six sigma" management, it seems his real talent was using GE's many divisions to move assets around and goose earnings to hit short-term numbers.

The creative accounting caught up with GE in 2009, when the company paid $50 million to settle SEC allegations it had used improper accounting methods to boost numbers in 2002 and 2003.

Among the strategies GE used to make its 2003 numbers was selling railroad cars to banks, with side deals and verbal promises to assure the banks they couldn't lose money on the deal.

Enron used the same trick in 1999 when it "sold" Nigerian barges to Merrill Lynch, allowing the company to fake a $12 million profit.

... snip ...

GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://money.cnn.com/2018/01/18/investing/ge-pension-immelt-breakup/index.html?iid=EL
Not only does GE have the largest pension deficit among S&P 500 companies, that deficit is $11 billion worse than the next closest company, according to Dow Jones S&P Indices. (The $31 billion figure is from the end of 2016. Fresher numbers haven't been released.)
... snip ...

Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
https:/www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I/

pg187/loc3667-70:
When Welch took over GE in 1980, it was the ninth most profitable company in the nation. Now it was first, second, or third. Shareholder value reached $500 billion, more than any other company in America. The stock price was Welch's personal measure of achievement, though he later denied it. The boom of the late 1990s on balance sent the wrong message to American managers: cut costs rather than innovate. Despite its appeal, In Search of Excellence had little true staying power.

pg191/loc3754-60:
In 1977, GE Capital, as it was later called, generated $67 million in revenue with only seven thousand employees, while appliances that year generated $100 million and required 47,000 workers. He hired better managers and supplied GE Credit with a lot of capital, and he had built-in scale--meaning large size--due to GE's assets size and triple-A credit rating. In time, GE Capital became a full-fledged bank, financing all kinds of commercial loans, issuing mortgages and other consumer loans, and becoming a leader in mortgage-backed securities. By the time Welch left in 2000, GE Capital's earnings had grown by some eighty times to well more than $5 billion, while the number of its employees did not even double. It provided half of GE's profits.

pg192/loc3777-79:
In a few brief sentences, Welch had defined a new age for big business. He introduced short-run profit management to GE, understanding that stock market investors trusted little so well as rising profits every calendar quarter. It became the best indication of a company's quality, making it stand out in good times and bad.

pg199/loc3909-13:
GE Capital also enabled GE to manage its quarterly earnings, engaging in the last couple of weeks of every calendar quarter in various trades that could push earnings up on the last day or two before the quarter's end. It was an open secret on Wall Street that this was how Welch consistently kept quarterly earnings rising for years at a time. "Though earnings management is a no-no among good governance types," wrote two CNNMoney financial editors, "the company has never denied doing it, and GE Capital is the perfect mechanism."

pg200/loc3925-30:
The CNNMoney writers got it slightly wrong. GE was not exactly like the American economy. It was even more dependent on financial services. In the early 2000s, GE was again riding a financial wave, the subprime mortgage lending boom; it had even bought a subprime mortgage broker. GE borrowed still more against equity to exploit the remarkable opportunities, its triple-A rating giving it a major competitive advantage. By 2008, the central weakness of the Welch business strategy, its dependence on financial overspeculation, became ominously clear. GE's profits plunged during the credit crisis and its stock price fell by 60 percent. GE Capital, the main source of its success for twenty-five years, now reported enormous losses

pg200/loc3935-41:
He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.
... snip ...

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Making Computers Secure

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Making Computers Secure
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 02 Feb 2018 08:53:48 -1000
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Have those programs run in a second computer, or in a really locked-down sandbox virtualization mode, at least. One which basically gets scrubbed and re-initialized for every web page you look at (not slow, because it's a tiny second computer).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#110 Making Computers Secure

reference to consumer "dial-up" banking moving to internet and commercial dail-up saying they would never move to the internet because of large number of vulnerabilities and exploits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#94 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

after the turn of the century, commercial dial-up banking started moving to the internet (regardless) and the predicted exploits started appearing. Commercial transactions don't have the some rules as consumer transactions (and not required by financial institutions to cover the costs, kind of rule that consumer isn't at fault) ... so businesses would suethe banks over the losses. Eventually the federal reserve came out with a guidelines that businesses should have a dedicated PC that is only used for online banking and *NEVER* used for any other purpose (many of the exploits involved visiting websites that would install malware and compromise the PC)

dial-up online banking posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#dialup.banking

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 03 Feb 2018 08:52:55 -1000
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
"Reverse inversion". What's "spurious" about it? US corporate taxes were ludicrously high--they are less so now but still US companies are taxed on foreign sales at a much higher level than non-US companies.

starting in 80s, large companies started to create separate subsidiary corporations where they could book profits. posterchild were airlines where they set up ticket selling as separate corporate subsidiary. Airline operations (with 90% of employees) were operating at break-even or loss ... and all the profit was booked in the ticket sales corporation. airline operations could be operating at substantial loss, even tho the parent company was operating at substantial profit (ticket sales where all the profit was booked more than offset losses). Later they could even declare bankruptcy for airline operations and dump the employee pension plans on the gov.

after turn of century, congress seemed to further loosen definition of separate corporation. posterchild is large US equipment maker that manufactures in the US, sells and delivers to companies in the US. They sent up a distributorship in country where they have negotiated trivial tax rate. They transfer the (made in the US) equipment to the offshore distributorship books at cost, which then "sells" to US customers. All profit is booked in the offshore distributorship even tho equipment is made in the US, sold to US customers and delivered to US customers.

even tho corporate tax rate was 35%, many large US corporations are paying 5% or less (or even declaring loss) ... so effective overall corporate tax revenue was more like 11%.

Gimmick hasn't only been used in US. Many countries have found that Apple has sent things up that tax revenue as percent of sales in that country is small single digits (foreign sales issue is mostly obfuscation and misdirection).

Apple's $85 million tax bill is a fraction of its almost $8 billion revenue
http://www.smh.com.au/business/the-economy/apples-85-million-tax-bill-is-a-fraction-of-its-almost-8-billion-revenue-20160126-gmej0z.html
Apple paid $85 million in Australian income tax last year, despite making almost $8 billion in local revenue, accounts filed with the corporate regulator show.
...
Apple's double Irish

Apple has been accused of using a "double Irish sandwich with Dutch associations" structure that allows it to route profits through Ireland and significantly reduce tax.

... snip ...

aka 1% ... process regularly used around the world.

posts mentioning tax evasion, tax havens, tax avoidance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

lots of leaks ... but not solely limited to tax evasion, tax avoidance, etc
https://www.icij.org/
luxembourg
https://www.icij.org/investigations/luxembourg-leaks/
panama papers
https://panamapapers.icij.org/
paradise papers
https://www.icij.org/investigations/paradise-papers/

recent GE references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#19 In Praise of Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare

financialization destroying US corporate culture starting late 70s & early 80s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#52 How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#104 Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 03 Feb 2018 09:39:09 -1000
hancock4 writes:
Later on, the product Abend-Aid did all that automatically, plus provide additional information quickly speeding dump resolution.

I had wanted to show that REXX (before customer release, originally just REX, early 80s) wasn't just another pretty scripting language ... I decided on demo'ing that I could redo IPCS (very large assembler application) in less than 3months elapsed time working half time with ten times the function and running ten times faster (some slight of hand for REXX to run faster than assembler).

I finished early so started doing library of automated scripts that searched/analyzed for lots of different kind of failure signatures. I had expected that it would be released to customers ... but for some reason it wasn't, even tho it became standard for internal datacenters and customer support PSRs. Some old email from the 3092 (3090 service processor) group wanting to include it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

Eventually I got approval for making presentations at SHARE and other customer user group meetings on how I implemented it .. and within a few months similar implementations started to appear.

As an aside the implementation included functions like formating storage segments using maclib DSECTs and decompiling instruction sequences ... and this was in the "OCO-wars" (object code only) ... transition to no longer shipping source code. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

other trivia: this is old "greencard" done in IOS3270 with q&d conversion to html (the 3092 service processor screens were done in IOS3270)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 03 Feb 2018 14:00:36 -1000
hancock4 writes:
Even earlier than that--the Western Union Telegraph Company reorganized in the 1960s to sell computer services from an unregulated subsidiary. The railroads had for years had real estate and other businesses.

The Penn Central had numerous holdings. Ironically, it was criticized for that, critics saying the holdings were a distraction to management and disrupted railroad operations. Yet actually most holdings were profitable and helped subsidize the money-losing railroad.

(I interviewed at a truck-body/leasing company originally created by the PRR and then owned by Conrail. They had a System/3.)


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#5 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

there were previous separate cooperation ... but starting around 1980 there was specific efforts to move profit out of large human intensive operations ... in part as union negotiating tactic (later also as tax avoidence). They separated airline operations from ticket sales ... in such a way that airline operations showed little or no profit ... and all the profit was booked in a totally separate corporation (where previously that profit had been part of airline operations). The selling of a passenger ticket to take an airlline operations flight had all the profit ... and actual operation of flying was showing little or no profit.

it wasn't creating a new subsidiary for a totally different business that operated as a profit to subsidize money loosing business. It was moving the profit from airline operations into a separate corporation that sold a ticket for a person to use airline operations.

It would be more akin to creating a company in Ireland for charging for railroad freight shipped in the united states. customers would pay the Irish company for US railroad shipping ... the Irish company would keep all the profit ... and pass on trivial amount to the US railroad that actually moves the freight (resulting in the US railroad operating at a loss ... and the billing for US railroad shipping was handled in another country and operated at large profit).

I've mentioned periodically the 2008 annual economists conference and economic roundtable discussing advantages of flat tax ... eliminating all tax loopholes and reducing tax rate ... while remaining tax revenue neutral (same amount of taxes being collected). The big advantage is it eliminates the enormous congressional graft and corruption associated with selling tax loopholes and contributes significantly to congress being considered the most corrupt institution on earth.

They commented (in 2008) that Ireland is one of the largest operations lobbying against such a change to US tax laws (and would radically cut the payments to members of congress). It is part of one of the worst thing that happened to the country was financialization and financial innovation that saw big uptic around 1980.

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 03 Feb 2018 16:42:16 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Everyone was trying to get into everyone else's business, AT&T and Xerox into computers, IBM into copiers and communications (SBS and Rolm), Xerox into communications (Western Union), Kodak into copiers, etc.

IBM formed satellite business systems with comsat and aetna. There was folklore that SBS constantly lost money ... in part because what IBM charged SBS for the gold plated equipment ... that what it made off selling equipment more than offset its 1/3rd of SBS losses ... then when SBS was dissolved, IBM reimbursed comsat and aetna for their losses.

Supposedly SBS was going to make money off computer communications ... but IBM's SNA was totally not suited for communications over satellites .... SNA windowing/pacing didn't even handle T1/1.5mbits/sec terrestrial latency ... so satelite latency really blew it out of the water. SBS eventually fell back to trying to sell comsumer telephone service over satellite ... round-trip latency over satellite was as bad for voice as it was for SNA.

I started with HSDT project in the early 80s ... and some of the SBS people set things up to run HSDT over high-speed satellite links. HSDT did rate-based pacing ... rather than window-base pacing ... so it not only straight-forward handled single-hop round trip between US coasts ... but also handled double-hop round trip between west coast and europe.

past HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
some old HSDT related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#hsdt

was also on the XTP technical advisery board
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
and wrote up rate-based pacing for XTP specification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/xtprate.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 03 Feb 2018 19:29:00 -1000
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Everyone was trying to get into everyone else's business, AT&T and Xerox into computers, IBM into copiers and communications (SBS and Rolm), Xerox into communications (Western Union), Kodak into copiers, etc.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#5 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#7 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#8 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

other folklore ... guy doing M&A didn't bother to check ROLM's books they quarter that they were acquired ... turns out it was the quarter ROLM went into the RED.

HSDT was doing T1 and faster. IBM "officially" only had 2701 that did T1 ... so I had to deal with boxes from other vendors. 2701 was no longer produced and the existing ones were really getting old.

I was told that to continue with HSDT I had to have at least some IBM content. The only thing I could find was that FSD was producing T1 ZIRPEL cards for the Series/1 (replacing some number of gov. 2701 T1 on special bids). I was told (not longer after IBM acquired ROLM) only thing I could find were the S/1 ZIRPEL ... however ROLM was all data general, but after the IBM acquisition, ROLM put in order for a year's manufacturing of series/1. The person that had been running ROLM datacenter I had worked with in their prior life at IBM ... so in order to get some S/1, I had to do some horse trading (part of continuing HSDT).

Later, some IBM people brought in to look at issues at ROLM. One was it was taking more than 24hrs to load new test kernels into the data general boxes over 56kbits/sec links. I was asked to help them with upgrading to T1 (1.5mbytes/sec) links ... to significantly reduce the test/debug cycles (nearly 30times faster to load new test/debug kernel) from 24+hrs to less than hour.

For some of HSDT, had equipment being built on the other side of the Pacific. The friday before a visit, somebody in Raleigh communication group sent out an announcement for a new internal discussion group on high-speed communication with the following definitionw


low-speed               <9.6kbits
medium-speed            19.2kbits
high-speed              56kbits
very high-speed         1.5mbits

Monday morning on the wall of a conference room on the other side of the pacific

low-speed               <20mbits
medium-speed            100mbits
high-speed              200-300mbits
very high-speed         >600mbits

...

the communication group had prepared a presentation for the corporate executive committee that customers weren't interested in T1 for another 6-8 yrs. They had used customer data about 37x5 "fat pipes" ... number of parallel 56kbit links operated as single logical link dropped to zero at 5 or 6 links. What they didn't bother to include was that typical telco tariff for T1 link was about the same as 5 or 6 56kbit links ... customers just switched to non-IBM boxes supporting full T1 when it got to that point (trivial survey found 200 customers with T1 links supported by non-IBM boxes).

Later the communication group was somewhat forced into coming out with box that sort of supported T1 terrestrial ... 3737 with lots of 68k processors and boat loads of memory ... that simulated local channel-to-channel adapter (CTCA) ... immediately ACK'ing packet as soon as the local box received it (because VTAM/SNA couldn't handle T1 terrestrial latency) ... and then using non-SNA between it and the remote boxes ... even at that, max a 3737 could handle (partially because of all the simulation overhead) was 2mbits/sec aggregate. full-duplex US T1 is 3mbits/sec aggregate (1.5mbits/sec in each direction) and full-duplex EU T1 is 4mbites/sec aggregate (2mbits/sec in each direction)

past HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Xerox company sold

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Xerox company sold
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 04 Feb 2018 12:28:46 -1000
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
GE Just Signaled The Next Crisis (And Nobody's Paying Attention)
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-01-30/ge-just-signaled-next-crisis-and-nobodys-paying-attention

Welch would regularly beat Wall Street's earnings estimates by a penny or two. And he was named manager of the century by Fortune Magazine for his ability to pump GE's stock.

And while Welch is lauded for his "six sigma" management, it seems his real talent was using GE's many divisions to move assets around and goose earnings to hit short-term numbers.

The creative accounting caught up with GE in 2009, when the company paid $50 million to settle SEC allegations it had used improper accounting methods to boost numbers in 2002 and 2003.

Among the strategies GE used to make its 2003 numbers was selling railroad cars to banks, with side deals and verbal promises to assure the banks they couldn't lose money on the deal.

Enron used the same trick in 1999 when it "sold" Nigerian barges to Merrill Lynch, allowing the company to fake a $12 million profit.

GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://money.cnn.com/2018/01/18/investing/ge-pension-immelt-breakup/index.html?iid=EL


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#3 Xerox company sold

on going financialization and financial innovation over last 30yrs

How GE Went From American Icon to Astonishing Mess; Famous for great management, General Electric is staring down a plunging share price, a federal investigation, and possible breakup.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2018-02-01/how-ge-went-from-american-icon-to-astonishing-mess

other recent refs on financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#1 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#71 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Feb 2018 08:42:22 -1000
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
other folklore ... guy doing M&A didn't bother to check ROLM's books the quarter that they were acquired ... turns out it was the quarter ROLM went into the RED.

I.B.M. to Sell Rolm to Siemens
http://www.nytimes.com/1988/12/14/business/ibm-to-sell-rolm-to-siemens.html?pagewanted=all
Four years ago, when I.B.M. purchased Rolm, an innovative Silicon Valley company, many experts said the stage was being set for a global high-technology showdown between I.B.M., the world's largest computer maker, and the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, the telecommunications giant. Ahead of Its Time
... snip ...

later after leaving IBM ... was doing financial standards and secure chip. Siemens was in the process of spinning of its chip business as Infineon and we were dealing with person that would head up Infineon ... started out with some offices in the old ROLM campus ... but they were getting building on 1st street (up near intersection with 101, near airport). Infineon was then listed on NYSE and guy got to ring the bell.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infineon_Technologies

We had meetings with Infineon in Siemens chip offices in Munich and asked to do security walk through of their new secure chip plant in Dresden. They did some runs of chips for some pilot ... also used at BAI world wide retail banking show in 1999 ... old reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#217 AADS/X9.59 demo & standards at BAI (world-wide retail banking) show
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#224 X9.59/AADS announcement at BAI this week

some X9.59 standards ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
some AADS refs and patents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

recent post about chipcards imploding around turn of century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#94 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#110 Making Computers Secure

old afc post mentioning Dresden walk-through
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#53 Getting Old

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Soon, the Only Alternatives to Windows Server will be open-source

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Soon, the Only Alternatives to Windows Server will be open-source
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Feb 2018 09:18:40 -1000
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
I liked the Apple ][, but that is when I learned Apple didn't like their customers.

My brother was regional apple marketing rep back in the apple II days (largest physical region in CONUS). When he came into town for business meetings I would get invited to some business dinners ... even getting to argue MAC design with developers (before MAC was first announced). He had marketing story about noticing IBM coffee mugs at customers and fawning over how great they were and willing to trade 2-3 APPLE mugs for every IBM mug.

trivia: at the time, APPLE business was run on IBM S/38 ... my brother found out how to dial in to the S/38 remotely and be able to track manufacturing and delivery schedules (for his customers).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Feb 2018 14:58:59 -1000
hancock4 writes:
That is surprising, since early on in satellite communications they discovered the problem with latency in both voice and data transmission. Indeed, by 1960, they knew the characteristics of voice and data were different enough to require different line treatments ("conditioning") to accommodate higher data speeds on landlines.

I'm not sure when SNA was developed, but I would guess by that point overseas computer data transmission was already in place via cable, as well as transcontinental data transmission via microwave, which has latency, too.

Some of that is touched on in the following:
http://massis.lcs.mit.edu/telecom-archives/archives/technical/western-union-tech-review/21-4/p174.htm


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#5 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#7 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#8 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#9 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

mid-70s as Future System was imploded, my wife was co-author of AWP39 ... peer-to-peer networking architecture ... about the same time as SNA ... which specified dumb terminal communication control system ... "not" a system, "not" a network, and "not" an architecture (i.e. fancy TCAM) ... but because they used "network" (when it wasn't a network), AWP39 had to qualify with peer-to-peer.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

She was then in the gburg JES group and one of the catchers that turned ASP into JES3 and co-author of JESUS (JES unified system) ... all the stuff in JES2 & JES3 that the respective customers couldn't live w/o ... then was con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of "loosely-coupled" architecture (mainframe for "cluster) and did peer-coupled shared data architecture" ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#shareddata

She didn't remain long because 1) little uptake (except for IMS hot-standby ... until sysplex and parallel sysplex much later) and 2) constant battles with communication group trying to force her into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation.

SBS satellite communication provided much higher bandwidth with distance insensitive charges (stationary orbit satellite footprint). SNA/VTAM had window pacing implementation that would allow small (very limited) number of small fixed-sized packets to be transmitted (waiting for outstanding packet acknowledgments) and it also had maximum time-out if it didn't get response. Double-hop 56kbit satellite link latency exceeded both the maximum time-out case as well as the maximum window of outstanding packets. Terrestrial T1 latency and speed would exceeded the maxium window/number of outstanding packets ... at which point VTAM stops transmitting until it gets ACKs back for earlier transmitted packets (aka acknowledgments that previously transmitted packets had been received), so even with terrestrial latency, majority of the T1 bandwidth was idle ... late 80s resulted in the 3237 spoofing CTCA (local channel-to-channel with no latency) for T1 links ... still couldn't get over 2mbits/sec aggregate. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005
in these posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#77 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?

cira 1979 or 1980, there is inframous case where STL (west coast, now silicon valley lab) and Hursely (Englan lab) datacenters were trying to setup to use each others "off-shift" time for their respective 1st shift throughput. They had double hop satellite 56kbit link (much, much cheaper than terrestrial plus undersea cable) and initially tested with VM370 VNET connection and everything worked fine. Then (MVS-bigot) insisted that it be setup for MVS JES2 (SNA/VTAM) and it was completely dead. The MVS-bigot tried to claim it was a bad link and VM370 VNET was too dumb to realize it. The problem was the double-hop round trip latency was greater than the MVS SNA/VTAM time-out value ... so wouldn't establish a operational link.

HSDT even got a dedicated transponder to play with when SBS4
http://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/sbs-1.htm
STS-41-D (I was invited to VIP launch party at cape)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STS-41-D
I think SBS4 was their first KU-band ... previous having been C-band
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ku_band

hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
HSDT did dynamic rate-based pacing (rather than window-based ... aka max number of outstanding packets waiting for acknowledgment). I was also on the XTP technical advisery board ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp
and wrote up (dynamic) rate-based pacing for XTP specification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/xtprate.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Feb 2018 18:07:36 -1000
Les Comeau was at MIT/CTSS and then came over to IBM science center when it formed Feb. 1964. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

He then came up with idea of virtual machines and also made observation about Atlas paging known to be not working well.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#75 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#79 thrashing,was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095

late 60s he left the science center and went to (IBM) gburg. Future System had something like 13-14 sections,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Les "owned" FS "interconnect" section and my wife reportedly directly to him. She represent interconnect in FS architecture meetings ... and has made the observation that many of the sections had lots of academic ideas ... but had little or no idea how to actually implement anything ("no beaf there"). Of course, I've periodically commented that I continued to work on 360/370 that period and periodically would ridicule FS.

Later when we were doing HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Les had retired from IBM and moved back to Boston area (buying tug boat and making over to house boat in Boston Harbor). He was director of Mass General & Harvard Medical datacenters and also formed a software company with some former people at the science center. We eventually subcontracted a lot of HA/CMP implementation to his company. He recently passed 30Nov2017
http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/bostonglobe/obituary.aspx?pid=187597624

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Feb 2018 18:13:25 -1000
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
Hence things like CKD disk, APPC, 3270, VSAM.

Originally, CKD disk could trade off excess channel & I/O capacity in the mid-60s (with sequential search operations) against scarce real memory. A decade later, the trade-off had inverted ... disk, control unit and channel capacity was becoming the scarce resources (bottleneck) with real storage becoming increasingly abundant. Real storage was then being used for file caching and index ... trying to alleviate the disk i/o bottleneck ... but CKD searches were so ingrained in OS/360 that they continued to be part of the design. Even tho no real CKD have been built for decades ... OS/360 descendants still require CKD simulation (on industry standard fixed block disks). past posts mentioning CKD, multi-track searches, FBA, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Feb 2018 18:20:07 -1000
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:
I suspect the main problem was shortage of ram (especially when using magnetic core). The system probably had a two packets in transmission. A satellite needs buffering for 30-40 packets. With multi-hop delays can easily exceed one second.

But number of packets that could be sent over terrestrial T1 link would quickly exceed the "window" pacing limit ... before ACKs started to be received ... so transmission would stop leaving much of the capacity unused ... before ACKs started arriving to reduce the number of outstanding packets.

We went to dynamic adaptive rate-based pacing ... which could aggressively use all the transmission capacity. There was a presentation at 1988 (internet) IETF standards meeting about problems with window based pacing because number of packets outstanding (un-acked) is proportional to latency times bandwidth ... pointing out that coast-to-coast terrestrial gigabit bandwidth has the same problems as satellite latency at lower bandwidth.

past hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Feb 2018 20:03:00 -1000
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
I've mentioned periodically the 2008 annual economists conference and economic roundtable discussing advantages of flattax ... eliminating all tax loopholes and reducing tax rate ... while remaining tax revenue neutral (same amount of taxes being collected). The big advantage is it eliminates the enormous congressional graft and corruption associated with selling tax loopholes and contributes significantly to congress being considered the most corrupt institution on earth.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#7 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

recent item: Unrigging the System
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2018/02/unrigging-the-system.html

POGO
http://www.pogo.org/

Our Work - Government Accountability
http://www.pogo.org/our-work/government-accountability.html
Our work - Open Government
http://www.pogo.org/our-work/open-government.html
Our Work - Whistleblower Protections
http://www.pogo.org/our-work/whistleblower-protections.html

other POGO efforts: Straus Military Reform Project
http://www.pogo.org/straus/

Kicking the F-35's Tires
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/military-industrial-circus/2018/kicking-the-f-35s-tires.html

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 06 Feb 2018 08:19:09 -1000
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Many (Most?) CEO's have indicated they'll return the cash to shareholders rather than invest in plant or people. There obviously will be exceptions by either altrusistic CEOS (one in 10000) or those currying favor from the idiot-in-chief.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#5 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#7 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#8 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#9 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#11 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#13 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#14 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#15 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#16 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#17 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

Corporations Say Publicly They'll Pocket the Tax Cut, But Republicans Aren't Listening
https://theintercept.com/2017/12/19/tax-bill-corporate-cut-stock-buyback-republican/
Share buyback machine now in overdrive -- dropping a strong hint at what CEOs plan to do with tax savings
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/share-buybacks-spike-dropping-a-strong-hint-at-what-ceos-plan-to-do-with-tax-savings-2017-12-08
How Much Can Buybacks Rise on Tax Cuts? This Estimate Says 70%
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-01-03/how-much-can-buybacks-rise-on-tax-cuts-this-estimate-says-70
US firms will now focus on stock buybacks after tax cuts, David Rubenstein says
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/01/24/us-firms-will-now-focus-on-stock-buybacks-after-tax-cuts-david-rubenstein-says.html

trivia: what company did David Rubenstein found? hint: what company did the former president of AMEX go to after leaving as CEO of IBM?
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Home Depot updates on tax bill impact
https://seekingalpha.com/news/3325245-home-depot-updates-tax-bill-impact
The Home Depot Awards Hourly Associates a One-Time Tax Reform Bonus; Comments on Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017
https://seekingalpha.com/pr/17056151-home-depot-awards-hourly-associates-one-time-tax-reform-bonus-comments-tax-cuts-jobs-act-2017
Announces Accelerated Business Investment Plan and $15 Billion Share Repurchase Authorization
http://ir.homedepot.com/news-releases/2017/12-06-2017-110035522

Home Depot sets new $15 billion stock buyback program, affirms 2017 outlook
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/home-depot-sets-new-15-billion-stock-buyback-program-affirms-2017-outlook-2017-12-06
Home Depot sets $15 billion share buyback, investment plan
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-home-depot-outlook-investor-day/home-depot-sets-15-billion-share-buyback-investment-plan-idUSKBN1E01D9
Home Depot Gives Investors a $15 Billion Christmas Gift
https://www.fool.com/investing/2017/12/10/home-depot-gives-investors-a-15-billion-christmas.aspx
Home Depot to Launch $15 Billion Share Buyback Program
https://www.wsj.com/articles/home-depot-to-launch-15-billion-share-buyback-program-1512560836

also the Home Depot bonus announcements said "up to $1000" for associates ... so the actual total bonus expense could be much less than $385M ($1000 for 385K employees), Even at $385M is less than 3% of $15B buyback

The Home Depot Awards Hourly Associates a One-Time Tax Reform Bonus; Comments on Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017
http://ir.homedepot.com/news-releases/2018/01-25-2018-130246180

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st
New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

quote attributable to Volcker from Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President
https:/www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

pg290:
Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges and a s**tty financial system!'
... snip ...

Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas
The Economist's Take on Financial Innovation
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2012/02/satyajit-das-pravda-the-economist%E2%80%99s-take-on-financial-innovation.html

The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization
The Limping Middle Class
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html
slouching towards 3rd world country status and return of the robber barons.
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday
How GE, GM, Coca-Cola And Kodak Put Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2017/06/29/how-ge-gm-coca-cola-kodak-put-shareholders-ahead-of-employees/
from here
http://www.epi.org/productivity-pay-gap/

this has HD buying back 1/3rd of its stock over the last 10yrs ... not quite as egregious as IBM
http://www.vuru.co/analysis/HD/dividendsBuybacks
Buyback binge is going strong, but here is why they are not the solution
https://www.cnbc.com/2017/02/21/buyback-binge-is-going-strong-but-here-is-why-they-are-not-the-solution.html
Home Depot is part of a select group of companies I call "buyback monsters," companies that have bought back more than 25 percent of their shares since 2000.
... snip ...

Stockman, 80s budget director, takes credit for accelerating SS contribution increases and (double) taxing SS benefits ... so the money could be used for DOD ... Great Deformation
https:/www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America/dp/1586489127/

pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st
New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.
... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 07 Feb 2018 12:50:04 -1000
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
The IBM 1311 was the predecessor to the IBM 2311. Same size cabinet, layout, disks. The key difference was that the IBM 1311 could be read and written with really simple commands. On our 1440 we used a 500 character routine to do everything we needed with the disk. The IBM 2311 required an entire OS to use.

CMS had a 64kbyte OS/360 simulation code that included reading (but not writing) OS/360 disks. In the mid-70s the VM370 development significantly enhanced that simulation with approx. another 64kbytes of OS/360 simulation code that included general OS360/MVS disk R/W support.

However, before that was included in release and shipped to customers ... the Future System effort imploded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

there was mad rush to get products back into the 370 pipeline and head of POK managed to convince corporate to kill the VM370 product, shutdown the burlington mall development group, and transfer all the people to POK MVS/XA. As part of that everything in Burlington Mall bldg (originally vacant SBC part of the service bureau settlement) that hadn't already shipped to customers ... evaporated/disappeared. Also news of the shutdown/transfer managed to leak early and several people managed to exscape ... many to DEC and the new VAX/VMS effort (including the person primarily responsible for the latest OS/360 simulation enhancements).

We used to joke that the CMS OS/360 64kbytes of code (that could have grown to 128kbyte of code) was a much more efficient simulation of OS/360 than the 8mbyte MVS simulation of OS/360

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to open a new console in Concurrent CP/M?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How to open a new console in Concurrent CP/M?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 07 Feb 2018 12:54:36 -1000
Rich Alderson <news@alderson.users.panix.com> writes:
Actually, it's DOS-11, not OS/8. Gary Kildall used DOS-11 as the model for CP/M, because he had used it previously.

Kildall had also worked with CP/67-CMS at Navy Postgraduate School in Monterey.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 08 Feb 2018 08:34:00 -1000
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
I hadn't heard of buybacks. Are Apple and Walmart doing that?

past posts mentioning stock buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

2015 rankings
http://fortune.com/2015/10/31/apple-ge-stock-buyback-chart/

apple, GE, walmart, home depot, qualcomm, glead sciences, united tech, pepsico, amex, goldman

4 Companies That Have Repurchased the Most Stock Over the Past Decade They've combined to buy back $563 billion worth of their stock in just 10 years.
https://www.fool.com/investing/2017/07/20/4-companies-that-have-repurchased-the-most-stock-o.aspx

apple, ibm, microsoft, exxonmobile

Apple, tech companies to bring back $400 billion in overseas cash to the US: Estimate
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/01/05/apple-tech-companies-to-bring-back-400-billion.html

note that is just relatively recent tax loopholes made legal by congress.

spring 2009, IRS announced that it was going after $400B in taxes on money illegally stashed overseas by 52,000 wealthy americans (over and above tax loopholes that allowed trillions to be legally stashed overseas) since the start of the century ... then little or nothing in the news. spring 2011 the new speaker of the house has press conference where he says he is cutting the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering the $400B. Since then there has been periodic news about the banks and financial advisers have been fined a few billion for their part in facilitating illegally stashing trillions overseas (again, over and above the trillions that congressional tax loopholes allowed to be stashed overseas "legally") ... but almost nothing about recoverying the $400B in taxes owed on the money illegally stashed overseas.

posts mentioning tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 08 Feb 2018 09:03:20 -1000
2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed tax revenue, totally different republican congress than the republican congress that originally passed the act). 2010 CBO report that 2003-2009, tax revenue cut by $6T (first time taxes cut to not pay for two wars) and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. Since then taxes not restored and only modest spending reductions so deficit continued to increase ... now over $20T (and prediction that it increases another trillion over coming fiscal year).

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax haven pots
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

CBO 2010 report also that of the big DOD spending increase 2003-2009, they couldn't find anything to show for over trillion.

note for 20+yrs all gov. agencies have been mandated to pass financial audit ... DOD has yet to pass financial audit.

Exclusive: Massive Pentagon agency lost track of hundreds of millions of dollars
https://www.politico.com/story/2018/02/05/pentagon-logistics-agency-review-funds-322860

however, above just mentions hundreds of millions ... not the trillions.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 08 Feb 2018 09:25:45 -1000
original justification for Iraq2 was they supported Al-Qaeda ... when that was invalidated, they changed to WMDs and it would only cost $50B. Two wars estimate is now over $5T, more than 100 times greater (when long term veteran care & benefits are taken into account).

I Helped Sell the False Choice of War Once. It's Happening Again.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/05/opinion/trump-iran-war.html

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

In the 80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, US support Iraq in the iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
Iraq and weapons of mass destruction
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_and_weapons_of_mass_destruction

last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (after being released and before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html
and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

Also back in the 80s, Former CIA director and then VP repeatedly claimed that he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

this decade, another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 2.1M criminal referrals and 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

note both 80s SECSTATE and SECDEF were Bechtel executives ... helping their (former) employer do business in the middle east. "The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World" ... Bechtel is also part of the massive uptic in gov. outsourcing last decade
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/

VP has become president and Iran/Contra prosecutors are working with former SECDEF on evidence ... including against the sitting president. The president then "pardons" the former SECDEF. loc2752-54:
Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White House operation of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither Pollard nor the government of Israel was aware that they had smashed George Bush's first shipment of arms to Iran."

loc2764-65:
Despite his best efforts to silence Pollard, Weinberger would not escape his own entanglement in the Iran-Contra conspiracy, for which he would ultimately face criminal charges.
... snip ...

then a bunch of evidence is turned over (that the president had "forgotten" about) showing he was heavily involved in Iran/Contra

Part of the enormous outsourcing last decade ... 70% of the intelligence budget and over half the people ... including Snowden and others
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
accelerating the rapidly spreading Success of Failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

The Profiteers, about hanford, loc4296-98:
In 2000 Bechtel received the $4.3 billion deal for the cleanup, which the company estimated would cost $14 billion to complete. But eleven years later, with the job still uncompleted, Bechtel predicted that the final cost would be more than $120 billion.
... and about outsourcing of DOE labs (to Bechtel), loc4288-91:
A congressional commission, led by former undersecretary of the army Norman Augustine and retired admiral Richard Mies, concluded in 2014 that the privatization of the nuclear weapons laboratories had resulted in a "dysfunctional management and operations relationship," and "uneven collaboration with customers"--the "customers" being the DOE.
... snip ...

Note only about 2/3rds of defense budget show up in DOD ... there is about anther 1/3rd of defense budget that show up in places like DOE.

posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#5 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#7 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#8 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#9 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#11 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#13 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#14 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#15 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#16 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#17 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#18 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#19 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#21 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#22 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 08 Feb 2018 14:50:02 -1000
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
"Gutting"? Last time I checked, the US military budget was the biggest in the world, greater than the next 9 countries *combined*. Now, it's true that we've chosen to fight a 30 years war in Afghanistan, and more in Iraq and Syria. And Trump wants to have military parades that will outshine Moscow and Beijing..

i know winslow ... but not a relative and since retired (this from last administration, 2012)
https://breakingdefense.com/2012/03/the-military-imbalance-how-the-u-s-outspends-the-world/
The PPP comparison also reminds one of a bizarre analytical technique the Cold War era intelligence community used when comparing US defense spending to that of the Soviet Union. To size the overall Soviet defense budget, an assumption was made, for example, to cost Soviet tanks, such as the T-72, as the cost equivalent of American tanks, such as the M-1, notwithstanding the fact that the American tank was far more complex and therefore much more expensive than the T-72. Thus, with the Soviets producing tanks in greater numbers than the US, the Soviet defense budget was counted as far larger than it actually was. It was threat inflation masked behind contrived budget analysis, and it was quite notorious to all, except those who welcomed the budget/threat inflation for bureaucratic or political reasons.
...
The last figure, "Planned Defence Expenditure by Country 2011," shows the proportion of US spending to all other regions and countries. The US accounts for 45.7 percent of total spending by the world's 171 governments and territories. While, again, there is no comparison of the US and our allies vis-à-vis all of our "potential opponents," the comparison becomes so unbalanced as to be odious. With most of the top ten on "our" side, the ratio of "us" to "them" is far more than five to one and more like ten, or more, to one - even assuming many governments are neutral.
... snip ...

DOD spending is only about 2/3rds of US, other third is DHS, DOE, veterans, etc ... total over trillion/yr.

note: budget/thread inflation shows up in "Team B" ... CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, US support Iraq in the iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
Iraq and weapons of mass destruction
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_and_weapons_of_mass_destruction

last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (after being released and before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html
and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bitcoin confusion?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Bitcoin confusion?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 10 Feb 2018 10:00:13 -1000
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
They are built and paid for by the states in which they are located. The only control the Federal government has over them is that the Feds can withhold a payment if they are not constructed and maintained to a certain standard. Essentially the states are bribed to cooperate.

when they were extending I93 in massachusetts to Tobin bridge in Bostin ... they eventually realized that multilane route one coming into Tobin bridge from the north/left used all lanes on the Tobin bridge and much of the traffic exited to the south/right at the other end of Tobin bridge. The I93 connection would add as many lanes coming in from the south/right and continue north/left at the end of the bridge ... creating two multilane lane traffic patterns that forming bumper car X-cross pattern over the length of the bridge.

The result would be that I93 (and route one) traffic would have to be reduced to something like 15miles/hr several miles before Tobin ... which wouldn't meet federal government interstate standards. So they considered canceling the project ... because in theory they wouldn't get the 90% interstate federal reimbursement however, the contractor cancellation penalty was much greater than 10% they would be on the hook for completing the bridge.

They apparently got a bill through congress that they could get their 90% reimbursement for the completed project even though the whole section failed to meet interstate standards.

Something worse later happened with the "big dig" through downtown boston ... was suppose to be $2B ... but graft and corruption drove it to $20B. The long time senator from Massachusetts is claimed to have said that the federal government "owed" the extra $18B to the citizens of massachusetts (obfuscating the fact the extra $18B only went to a small number of very wealthy people).

When I first moved to the IBM Cambridge Science Center, massachucetts politics was explained to me that in most places, known association with organized crime would adversely affect their chances of election, while in massachucetts, it significantly helped chances of election.

past posts mentioning "BIG DIG"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#25 TGV in the USA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#73 Cormpany sponsored insurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#41 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#56 IBM drops Power7 drain in 'Blue Waters'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#0 Urban transportation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#55 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#11 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#14 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#15 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#18 other days around me
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#68 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#48 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#105 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#27 Federal Subsidies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#72 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#6 The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#57 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#79 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#33 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bitcoin confusion?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Bitcoin confusion?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 10 Feb 2018 11:48:14 -1000
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
I'm having trouble understanding the Wikipedia comment on the issue:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interstate_Highway_System#Financing

The federal contribution comes overwhelmingly from motor vehicle and fuel taxes (93.5 percent in 2007), and it makes up about 60 percent of the contributions by the states.

Does that mean the feds pay 60 percent of the money the states spend?


or fuel taxes makes up 60% of contributions by the states???

we've also had lots of past discussions that highways are primarily designed for heavy truck 18wheeler axle-ton-miles (ESALs) lifetime and nearly all wear & tear is all from heavy truck 18wheeler axle-ton-miles (cars and light trucks play no factor).

heavy trucks frequently carry blurbs about enormous amounts that they are paying for the highways ... but non-truck use is in effect subsidizing heavy truck use (with their fuel tax) ... the highway heavy truck subsidy plays a role in trade-offs with railroad/truck freight comparisons.

truck scales and other regulations motivated largely because overweight trucks greatly accelerate highway wear and tear (overweight trucks add significant infrastructure costs)

past posts mentioning ESALs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#41 Transportation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#7 OT Global warming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#56 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#57 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#59 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#60 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#61 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#62 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#0 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#6 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#11 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#23 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#48 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#36 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#61 Idiotic cars driving themselves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#39 Central vs. expanded storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#52 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#80 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#83 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#28 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#29 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#76 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#12 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#109 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#31 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 10 Feb 2018 16:24:47 -1000
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
That's because the only motivators you seem to understand are greed and sex.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#80 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

On War - an Andy McNab War Classic: The beautifully reproduced illustrated 1908 edition, with introduction by Andy McNab, notes by Col. F.N. Maude and brief memoir of General Clausewitz
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8/

from intro of the 1908 edition ... loc394-95:
As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the State.
... snip ...

the government needed general population standard of living sufficient that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the capitalists in raising the general population standard of living.

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html
Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel, even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world." Why did Welch say that?
... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 10 Feb 2018 20:08:26 -1000
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
Probably spent his hitch as a typist in Secaucus. Everybody who served didn't go to Vietnam.

I had 2hr intro to computing ... year later, univ hired me fulltime to be responsible for os/360. I still hadn't graduated, Boeing hired me fulltime as part of small group attached to CFO at corporate hdqtrs across from Boeing Field to help form Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing in an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). At the time CFO only had a 360/30 for printing payroll and there was huge amount of politics with the head of Renton datacenter ... who had something like $200M-$300M in IBM gear with 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed (constant boxes staged in the hallways around the Renton machine room). 747#3 was also flying skies of Seattle getting FAA flt certification. When I finally graduate, rather than staying at Boeing ... I went to the IBM science center at MIT.

I thought Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world. However, later I would meet Col. John Boyd and sponsor his briefings at IBM. He would tell me stories about being in command of "spook base" about the time I was at Boeing. One of Boyd's biographies mentions "spook base" was a $2.5B windfall for IBM (ten times Renton datacenter, all late 60s dollars). "Spook base" reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

currently reading "The vietnam air war: from the cockpit" ... lots of different stories by pilots that served in vietnam ... some stories by people that operated out of "spook base"

Boyd posts & URLs from around web:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 13 Feb 2018 09:05:50 -1000
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Not anymore. Doctors used to have their own business. Now they're an employee. Nurses have to join the local union. That means that union rules usurp care practices.

accelerated substantially by private-equity ... they acquire businesses and then extract money in every way possible.

AMEX was in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR, KKR wins but then runs into trouble and they hire away president of AMEX to help
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

later at the turn of the century, the former AMEX president has become head of another large private-equity company Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster
... snip ...

including acquiring beltway bandit that will employ Snowden.

Private-equity will acquire lots of beltway bandits and help accelerate large increase in outsourcing to for-profit companies. Part of the issue is gov. agencies aren't allowed to lobby congress, and beltway bandits aren't allowed to use money from gov. contracts to lobby contracts ... but its seems that there is no limit on private-equity companies to lobby on behalf of their subsidiaries. just intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
which also significantly accelerates the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (more profit from series of failures) ... especially large dataprocessing related projects
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

However, private-equity also heavily moving into acquiring medical practices and hospital systems and using every way possible to extract money, even when illegal (seeing big opportunity with the aging baby boomers)

Private Equity Flouts State Regulations by Buying Medical Practices
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/08/private-equity-flouts-state-regulations-buying-medical-practices.html
Given how state regulators did intervene in the sale of hospitals, their complacency in the face of what in many states is an illegal practice, that of non-MDs owning a medical practice, is surprising.
...
So private equity is doing its part to speed up this sorry trend. While it appears to be too late to harass complicit state regulators with letters asking them to explain why they are refusing to enforce the law, the possibility of single payer represents an even bigger monkey wrench to private equity's exit plans.
... snip ...

... i.e. not just insurance industry threatened by single payer.

posts mentioning private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
former amex president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

some past reference mentioning private equity getting into health, hospital, clinics, dental, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#17 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#100 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#106 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#107 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#18 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#42 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#30 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#70 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#9 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#63 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#97 In American Towns, Private Profits From Public Works
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#110 The top 50 hospitals that gouge patients the most
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#99 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 13 Feb 2018 10:04:28 -1000
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Now read about the Shah of Iran.

yesterday: CIA declassifies more of "Zendebad, Shah!" - internal study of 1953 Iran coup
https://nsarchive.gwu.edu/briefing-book/iran/2018-02-12/cia-declassifies-more-zendebad-shah-internal-study-1953-iran-coup

past, Iran democratically elected leader was going to review the Anglo-Persian contracts ... and then CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf senior) trained
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started before WW1 with move from 13.5in to 15in guns (which requires moving from coal to oil) loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.
... snip ...

other drift; I Helped Sell the False Choice of War Once. It's Happening Again.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/05/opinion/trump-iran-war.html

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, US support Iraq in the iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
Iraq and weapons of mass destruction
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_and_weapons_of_mass_destruction

Early in administration, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (after being released and before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got aroundto going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

related "economic hit man" ... also sending "capitalists" into loot countries
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/

earlier "War Is A Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
https://www.amazon.com/War-Racket-Antiwar-Americas-Decorated-ebook/dp/B00P8OEFFY/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 13 Feb 2018 11:09:12 -1000
PE heavily overlapped with government, Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster
... snip ...

including buying up beltway bandits and companies doing mercenary work in perpetual wars (some getting tens of billions in no-bid contracts).

other companies
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

as well as medical practices and hospital systems

Private Equity Flouts State Regulations by Buying Medical Practices
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/08/private-equity-flouts-state-regulations-buying-medical-practices.html

however, many of the same people

Former CIA director and then VP repeatedly claimed that he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 2.1M criminal referrals and 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

posts mentioning private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
former amex president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 14 Feb 2018 08:28:02 -1000
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
Many emergency rooms are a separate company. And the fee is more likely to cover people who go to the emergency room and don't pay.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#25 Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#26 Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#29 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#31 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?

I once had case where admitted to emergency room, admitting took all my insurance info which was paid. Turns out emergency room doctors was a different corporation ... with billing run out of a company several states away. I got hassling phone calls for 6months because they couldn't figure out the insurance info ... i kept telling them if the emergency room could figure it out why couldn't the emergency room doctors use the same information. that wasn't in the script for the person on the other end of the phone line. Emergency room doctors didn't have the information available to emergency room admitting

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Olympics opening ceremony

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Olympics opening ceremony
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 14 Feb 2018 14:55:53 -1000
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Combat between First World nations is a bad idea anyways. But foot soldiers can get killed in Third World ones.

Solving a problem like Russia is more difficult. Out-waiting and out- lasting worked with Communism, and while that was quite a surprise, for Russia's current regime to outlive Putin by much seems unlikely.


Milton Miles book ("A Different Kind Of War") first half was about going into china to setup coastal watchers but then spent much of the rest training 50,000 guerrillas fighting the Japanese. He then spends the last half of the book about how OSS and Army gave china to the communists. They came in and wanted to take over the whole operation. The US Navy and Nationalists rebuffed them, so to get something they could take credit for, they support the communists.

Without giving China to the communists, there wouldn't be korean war, domino theory, vietnam war, current nuclear in korea, pakistan and iran, etc

Tuchman's book (Stilwell biography) has Miles book in the bibliography but in the body has nothing from his book. She sort of respins Army giving china to the communists ... that Marshall believed that he needed Soviets to beat Japan (after the end of war in Germany) ... and so to appeal to the Soviets, US was giving support to the Chinese communists. In Manchuria there was 1.5M soviets fighting 1M Japanese. By comparison okinawa, US had 600k fighting 76k japanese.

However, Miles has Army supporting communists long before the end of european war and any encouragement for the Soviets to come into the Japanese war.

Milton also references that there were some number of Chinese Army units that cooperated with the Japanese ... and towards the end they tried to come over to the nationalist but the US Army vetoed it, so they went over to the communists. It was these army units that fought the US in the Korean war.

Marshall was then SECSTATE (47-49)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Marshall
and they turned out a paper trying to absolve State for giving China to the communists
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

and recent reference to "Is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 14 Feb 2018 17:18:37 -1000
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Private Equity Flouts State Regulations by Buying Medical Practices
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/08/private-equity-flouts-state-regulations-buying-medical-practices.html


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#29 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#31 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?

misc. more ...

Big Med; Restaurant chains have managed to combine quality control, cost control, and innovation. Can health care?
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2012/08/13/big-med
How Not To Fix US Health Care: Copy The Cheesecake Factory
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2012/08/13/how-not-to-fix-us-health-care-copy-the-cheesecake-factory/
HCA: The Unsustainable Private Equity Bubble in US Health Care
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2012/08/15/private-equity-wont-fix-health-care-either/#3e8d2db13735
The NYT article sheds a harsh light on the management practices of industry giant HCA, which controls 163 hospitals from New Hampshire to California. HCA has made huge profits--much more than its competitors--through financial innovation without necessarily providing benefits to patients or society. HCA has succeeded in:

• Charging more for the same
• Restricting access to low-return services
• Increasing the quantity of lucrative services
• Cutting staff costs

...
The big winners from these practices at HCA have been three private equity firms--Bain Capital, Merrill Lynch and Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Company--that bought HCA in late 2006.
... snip ...

Cerberus Uses Private Equity Looting Strategy With Scandal-Ridden Steward Health Care Hospitals
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/10/cerberus-uses-private-equity-looting-strategy-to-scandal-ridden-steward-health-care-hospitals.html

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Olympics opening ceremony

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Olympics opening ceremony
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Feb 2018 09:22:38 -1000
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
She does cover what happened to all the supplies which were flown over the Himalayas to help the China fight Japan. It ended up in warehouses instead of being disbursed to the Chinese Army. This wasn't discovered until after the war. China lost a lot of favor for doing that.

just finished Eisenhower's Cursade In Europe ... large US Army group in Paris was selling huge amount of military supplies in train carload lots on the black market ... so such stuff not limited to chinese nationalists. However, Miles was carrying on winning against Japanese with what he was getting ... so it couldn't have been everything.

other account of Stilwell in China ... Stilwell's Command Problems, Chapter III, The India-Based Air Effort
https://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-CBI-Command/USA-CBI-Command-3.html
Chinese troops were far easier to supply by air than were U.S. or British soldiers. The individual Chinese required but three pounds of rations a day as against the American's five pounds. He did not ask the variety in his diet that the American demanded. The Chinese was not only extremely careful of his possessions, in contrast to the habitually wasteful American soldier, but Chinese units had a way of acquiring more, and more, and still more equipment, while American units could be trailed by what they discarded. Consequently,"once Chinese Units were fully equipped little was ever heard from them except requests for ammunition, rations, medical supplies and certain short-lived items of equipment."

But the Chinese had their failings. Every Chinese unit of any size had its liaison unit of an American officer or two and some enlisted men. These received their own rations, mail, and supplies by airdrop through the Chinese division G-4. Somewhere between the Chinese staff officer and the liaison team, American mail, packages, and supplies tended to vanish. In the classic Chinese fashion, rations and ammunition were overordered on the grand scale. Thus in December 1943, the Chinese 38th Division's requisitions were 280 percent in excess of its strength.

Naturally, there were times when even the extraordinary carrying powers of the Chinese could not cope with this manna raining down. Supply dumps and less formal caches were left behind, and there was great barter with the Burmese. When the Yunnan border was approached, pack trains began to carry American lend-lease to the Yunnan bazaars, as in the days when the Burma Road was hailed as "China's life line."

... snip ...

but Tuchman (also) doesn't mention Harry Dexter White ... working on behalf of Stalin ... Stalin wanted to drag Japan into war with US ... sent draft of demands that White was to include in US ultimatum to Japan.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
and Japan makes decision to attack Pearl after the ultimatum

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project

also acting as agent for Stalin, in 1943 congress appropriates $200M for Nationalist, that White manages to divert.

Benn Stein in "The Battle of Bretton Woods" spends pages 55-58 discussing "Operation Snow".
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/

pg56/loc1065-66:
The Soviets had, according to Karpov, used White to provoke Japan to attack the United States. The scheme even had a name: "Operation Snow," snow referring to White.
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts about harry dexter white:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#4 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#81 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#71 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#49 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Feb 2018 12:10:43 -1000
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
It's because the bible thumpers want to impose their beliefs on others, whether it's abortion or abolition.

The Starfish and the Spider: The Unstoppable Power of Leaderless Organizations
https://www.amazon.com/Starfish-Spider-Unstoppable-Leaderless-Organizations-ebook/dp/B000S1LU3M/

... includes "catalyst" individuals ... get it going ... and then may be never heard of again, pg102/loc1132-37:
At twenty-five, she married an abolitionist. Her husband introduced her to many key figures of the abolitionist movement, including Thomas Clarkson, the champion. "Having read of all these people," Stanton recalled, "it was difficult to realize as I visited them in their homes from day to day, that they were the same persons I had so long worshiped from afar!" But her experience with the abolitionists wasn't all positive. When Stanton attended an antislavery convention, she was forced to sit in a segregated, screened-off section reserved for women. What was more, women were not allowed to speak or vote in the meeting. How can we fight for slaves' rights, she fumed, while denying women equal rights?
... snip ...

picks up women equal rights from abolition movement ... and provides catalyst for Anthony

pg104/loc1164-66
Anthony was as brazen as she was bold. Although it was illegal for women to vote at the time, Anthony went to a polling place in Rochester, New York, and demanded to cast her ballot. When the clerk tried to explain that she couldn't, she threatened to sue him and eventually got her way. When she was arrested for having voted, she embraced the challenge.
... snip ...

many of the other examples involve internet and/or other recent distributed operations.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Olympics opening ceremony

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Olympics opening ceremony
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Feb 2018 16:53:40 -1000
mausg writes:
The numbers cited for the Russian invasion of Manchuria seemed skewed, I had books on all that years ago,now they are just 'somewhere' in the pile, and I cannot be bothered.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony

soviet-japanese
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet%E2%80%93Japanese_War
soviets 1,577,225, japan 983,000

okinawa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Okinawa
US 541,000, japanese 76,000

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Olympics opening ceremony

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Olympics opening ceremony
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Feb 2018 17:02:13 -1000
mausg writes:
'No cite but from memory, 'Vinegar'Joe Stillwell , an US general that was put in charge of one chinese (Nationalist) Army, so despised Chang- Ki Check (sp?) that after a while he would not even talk to him. Chang's wife was a member of a powerfull, very corrupt, Chinese family with high ties to the US government, The Chinese resistance to Japan tied up large numbers of the Japanese Army for most of the war,in spite that resistance being split between the factions.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#37 Olympics opening ceremony

my wife's father was command of engineering combat group and towards end, frequently ranking officer getting some number of officer daggers in surrenders ... including concentration camp. After end of hostilities, he refused further command in Germany, even when offered promotion to general (retired in early 60s w/o the promotion). Possibly as punishment, in 1946 he was sent to China as military adviser to Chiang Kia-shek ... and brought his family over in 1947 to live in Nanking.

Soong sisters, my wife's mother talked about going to state dinners, my wife was too young to go.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soong_sisters
Their marriages and alleged motivations have been summarized in the Maoist saying "One loved money, one loved power, one loved her country"
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Feb 2018 17:13:06 -1000
2010 MIT article:

Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest; Peak performance doesn't equal sustained performance, and the NVIDIA GPUs in the Tianhe 1A are especially bad at the latter.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/421584/why-chinas-new-supercomputer-is-only-technically-the-worlds-fastest/

move forward to 2017 MIT article: America Just Can't Match China's Exploding Supercomputing Power
https://www.technologyreview.com/the-download/609468/america-just-cant-match-chinas-exploding-supercomputing-power/

TECH SUPERCOMPUTERS; China Now Has More Supercomputers Than Any Other Country
http://time.com/5022859/china-most-supercomputers-world/
America second? Yes, and China's lead is only growing
https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2017/05/21/america-second-yes-and-china-lead-only-growing/7G6szOUkTobxmuhgDtLD7M/story.html
China's Tsinghua University dethroned MIT (above) as the top engineering university in the world in 2015
https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2017/05/21/america-second-yes-and-china-lead-only-growing/7G6szOUkTobxmuhgDtLD7M/story.html

this is 2011 tutorial on radar (including military) but says it needs 3tflops for really advanced, which was beyond 2011 processing

2011 tutorial on DSP, FFT, Radar (part 3)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278838
STAP (part 4)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278878
SAR (part 5)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278931

latest (2016) international IEEE Radar conference, Guangzhou, China, papers
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?punumber=8051143

There are claims that digital signal processing by latest generation of digital signal processing chips can reduce the number of transmit/receive pairs in APG-77/79/81/83 by nearly two orders magnitude w/o loss of capability

significant advances in digital power and processing spurred by autonomous vehicles, but also useful for military radar (2017 320 t-ops/sec, 100 times 2011 reference).
https://www.fastcompany.com/40479260/nvidia-debuts-a-new-supercomputer-to-power-robotic-taxis-and-delivery-trucks

past posts refeence Radar tutorial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#77 Test Pilot Admits the F-35 Can't Dogfight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Olympics opening ceremony

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Olympics opening ceremony
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 16 Feb 2018 08:56:09 -1000
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#35 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#37 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#38 Olympics opening ceremony

A Chinese Casino Has Conquered a Piece of America
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2018-02-15/a-chinese-company-has-conquered-a-piece-of-america
Hu died building what's become, on paper, the most successful gambling operation in history. In the first half of 2017, table for table, Imperial Pacific turned over nearly six times more cash than the fanciest gaming facilities in Macau, which themselves dwarf the activity in Las Vegas. And that was before Imperial Pacific opened its lavish megacasino in July.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Olympics opening ceremony

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Olympics opening ceremony
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 16 Feb 2018 09:05:05 -1000
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#35 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#37 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#38 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#40 Olympics opening ceremony

Chinese investments in the United States
https://www.aei.org/feature/china-tracker/

hundred billion, about 10% of what is owned in treasuries

The 5 Biggest Chinese Investments In The U.S. In 2016
https://www.forbes.com/sites/ellensheng/2016/12/21/5-biggest-chinese-investments-in-us-2016/

It's been a milestone year for Chinese companies investing in the U.S. According to Mergermarket, Chinese companies invested a total of $51.09 billion into the U.S. via 65 deals in 2016. That's a 360% surge from 2015 when Chinese companies invested $11.7 billion. In all, Chinese investments made up 12% of all inbound mergers & acquisitions in the U.S. this year, a big step up from previous years when Chinese investments made up about 2% or so of foreign investments into the country.
... snip ...

China Owns US Debt, but How Much?
https://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/080615/china-owns-us-debt-how-much.asp
It seems like every American politician and talking head is concerned by the huge amounts of debt that the U.S. government owes Chinese lenders. The Chinese do own a lot of U.S. debt -- $1.189 trillion as of October 2017.
....
Why China Owns So Much US Debt

There are two main economic reasons why Chinese lenders bought up so many U.S. Treasuries. The first and most important is that China wants its own currency, the yuan, pegged to the dollar. This has been common practice for many countries ever since the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944.

... snip ...

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 17 Feb 2018 12:50:14 -1000
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
Consider the following two statements

"I believe there is no God"

"I have no beliefs regarding the existence or otherwise of God(s)"


agnostic can have no belief on the subject
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/agnostic

1 : a person who holds the view that any ultimate reality (such as God) is unknown and probably unknowable; broadly : one who is not committed to believing in either the existence or the nonexistence of God or a god

2 : a person who is unwilling to commit to an opinion about something political agnostics

... snip ...

there is also discussion of 2-value logic and what to do by nulls. I had worked on the original sql/relational implementation, System/R ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

then got dragged into helping with another kind of relational implementation ... that had query language that implemented 3-value logic ... to address some of the problems with SQL 2-value logic

old post on 2/3 value logic comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#40 How to cope with missing values - NULLS?


SQL:
T - True
U - Unknown
F - False

and   T   U   F        or    T   U   F       not
-----------------      ----------------      --------
T     T   U   F        T     T   T   T       T     F
U     U   U   F        U     T   U   U       U     U
F     F   F   F        F     F   U   F       F     T

An alternative 3-value logic:

Logic:
Lo         Falsity.   The stated objective was not met
DontCare   Don't Care The stated objective may have been met
Hi         Truth      The stated objective was met

and   Hi   DC  Lo      or    Hi  DC  Lo      not
------------------     -----------------     ---------
Hi    Hi   Hi* Lo      Hi    Hi  Hi  Hi      Hi    Lo
DC    Hi*  DC  Lo      DC    Hi  DC  Lo*     DC    DC
Lo    Lo   Lo  Lo      Lo    Hi  Lo* Lo      Lo    Hi

• difference in logic operation results compared to SQL.


... snip ...

other past posts mentioning 3-value logic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#75 NULL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#15 Amusing acronym
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#35 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#19 Implementation of boolean types
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#20 So what's null then if it's not nothing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#23 So what's null then if it's not nothing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#33 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#34 CJ Date on Missing Information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#22 3 value logic. Why is SQL so special?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#27 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#21 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#30 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#1 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#34 Is the Relational Database Doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#32 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#30 SQL injection attack claims 132,000+
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#65 You know you've been Lisp hacking to long when
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#8 Initial ideas (orientation) constrain creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#6 "hexadecimal"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#77 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#123 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#152 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#175 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#63 Do we really?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#24 You thought IEFBR14 was bad? Try GNU's /bin/true code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#13 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#102 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#34 The head of the Census Bureau just quit, and the consequences are huge

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 17 Feb 2018 13:51:22 -1000
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
old post on 2/3 value logic comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#40 How to cope with missing values - NULLS?


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#42 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

part of the discussion advises against NULLs because in SQL, they can result in (query) results that are the inverse of what person would reasonably expect.

3-value logic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three-valued_logic

another place where the inverse of expected results turns up is binary logic queries when it gets out to 5-6 "and/or" clauses (aka when is the set, the join or the intersection)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it.
Date: 19 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it.
https://www.computerworld.com/article/3247668/internet/think-you-know-web-browsers-take-this-quiz-and-prove-it.html

was working on commercial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors and technical/scientific cluster scaleup with LLNL and other national labs. Reference to JAN1992 comercial cluster scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference room.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

By the end of the month, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything on anything with more than four processor ... and we leave a few months later. Later, some of the Oracle people in Ellison meeting have also left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called commerce server. We are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on their server. The startup had also invented this technology they called SSL they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

past posts mentioning HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
Date: 19 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows; More firearms do not keep people safe, hard numbers show. Why do so many Americans believe the opposite?
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/more-guns-do-not-stop-more-crimes-evidence-shows/
Violence may be primarily triggered by other violence, but guns make all this violence worse, research shows.
... snip ...

There is graph showing something like the top 30 causes of deaths in the U.S. since turn of the century, top of the list is heart disease accounting for about 50% of the deaths going all they way down to terrorism accounting for something like .001% ... along with approx gov spending aggregate plus spending per death. Terrorism has highest spending both aggregate and especially spending/death (two perpetual wars approaching $6T when existing long term benefits included). Various gun related deaths far outrank terrorism

drunk driving is banned/illegal ... so are things like distracted driving, driving w/o seatbelt, etc. Lots of things that result in deaths get banned/made illegal as well as things are mandated that reduce deaths; aka auto bumpers, safety glasses, crash zones, seat belts, air bags, etc. self driving cars is anticipated to going a very long way to finally eliminating those problems.

Something similar with smoking, some scientists in the 50s were paid huge amounts to fabricate, obfuscate, misdirect, reports and "fake news" to discredit smoking deaths.

More Scientific American
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/mass-shootings-are-contagious/

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldof-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

part of the result by the early 50s was adding "in god we trust" to money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.

somewhat related, this talks about late 90s, major change in national chamber of commerce lobbying (on behalf of large corporations) ... that resulted in some local chamber of commerce separating from the national organization.
https://www.amazon.com/Influence-Machine-Commerce-Corporate-American-ebook/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy, industry and military 20s thru early 40s. The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War,
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences; 1943 US Strategic Bombing Program, they needed German industrial and military targets and coordinates, they got the information and detailed plans from wallstreet.

Neil deGrasse Tyson: Scientific Illiteracy Threatens U.S.
http://www.patheos.com/blogs/progressivesecularhumanist/2017/02/neil-degrasse-tyson-scientific-illiteracy-threatens-u-s/

"Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces, 1901-1940, and the Consequences for World War II" highlights difference between US and Germany ... US focused on turning out conformity and stamping out creativity ... includes reference to George Marshall at military school was so badly injured in one such incident that almost couldn't return to school
https://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/
and on "command culture" ... this is the author at 1st division museum
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m7unu0fLYvc

book about former co-worker at science center and research
http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cool-to-be-clever-edson-hendricks/id483020515?mt=8
bullying part of US education (public and military) for stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
another reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

US education system in general focused on stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity. Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html

school systems focused on turning out capitalist workers, stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity, but had some trade-offs, school systems focused on turning out capitalist workers, stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity, but had some trade-offs, citizens needed to feel that they had something to fight for. On War, The beautifully reproduced illustrated 1908 edition, with introduction by Andy McNab, notes by Col. F.N. Maude and brief memoir of General Clausewitz
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8/

from intro of the 1908 edition ... loc394-95:
As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the State.
... snip ...

the government needed general population standard of living sufficient that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the capitalists in raising the general population standard of living

more conformity (constancy) in producing workers for capitalist factories ... but also major religious instruction in (government) schools ... Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (Oxford History of the United States Book 6) (James M. McPherson), pg20/loc484-87
An important purpose of these schools remained the inculcation of Protestant ethic values "of regularity, punctuality, constancy and industry" by "moral and religious instruction daily given," according to the Massachusetts superintendent of schools in 1857. These values, along with cognitive skills and knowledge, also served the needs of a growing capitalist economy.
... snip ...

Capitalism wanting large number of obedient workers ... as mentioned above large capitalism organization approved major progranda program to equite capitalism with Christianity (especially because the capitalist organizations had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and for supporting Nazis.

Original settlement, Jamestown ... English planning on emulating the Spanish model, enslave the local population to support the settlement. Unfortunately the North American natives weren't as cooperative and the settlement nearly starved. Then they switched to sending over some of the other populations from the British Isles essentially as slaves ... the Crown charters had them as "leet-man" ... Why Nations Fail, pg27:
The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social structure. At the bottom were the "leet-men," with clause 23 noting, "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations."
... snip ...

My wife's father was awarded a set of history books from the 1880s for some distinction at west point... by
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org/

The books characterized that the Scottish emigrants/descendants from the mid-atlantic states prevailed over the English emigrants/descendants from states further north ... or otherwise our country would be much more like rigid English class society with a Monarch (an earlier version of account about Jefferson and the Bill of Rights).

somewhat long-winded discussion of 2nd amendment, including references to original notes and discussions around constitution and bill of rights and what lead up to recent (1990s) change in the interpretation. How the NRA Rewrote the Second Amendment
https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2014/05/nra-guns-second-amendment-106856
The Second Amendment consists of just one sentence: "A well regulated militia, being necessary for the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed." Today, scholars debate its bizarre comma placement, trying to make sense of the various clauses, and politicians routinely declare themselves to be its "strong supporters." But in the grand sweep of American history, this sentence has never been among the most prominent constitutional provisions. In fact, for two centuries it was largely ignored.
... snip ...

also politica article:
Many are startled to learn that the U.S. Supreme Court didn't rule that the Second Amendment guarantees an individual's right to own a gun until 2008, when District of Columbia v. Heller struck down the capital's law effectively banning handguns in the home.
... snip ...

note that 2008 was also the economic mess and labeling those responsible as Too Big To Fail ... but not holding them accountable and nobody doing jailtime.

former CIA director and then VP repeatedly claimed that he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 2.1M criminal referrals and 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Turns out that TBTF apparently felt they were above the law, besides nearly bringing down the US economy, they had also been money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, facilitating tax evasion and fraud, manipulating FOREX and LIBOR exchanges ... to name a few.

Articles started appearing about TBTF had also been money laundering for drug cartels and the money laundering was enabling the drug cartels to acquire large amount of militerized weapons, driving up violence on both sides of the border and turning Mexico into another Columbia. It was in these articles that I first noticed referring to TBTF as Too Big To Prosecute and Too Big To Jail.

US currently has murder rate (per 100,000 population) that is about seven times that of China, but only about 1/3rd that of Mexico ... which is so far is only a little over half of that of Columbia (money laundering by TBTF hasn't yet got violence all the way to Columbia levels).

posts mentioning too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

Arms merchants have long history of inciting conflict and supplying military gear to both sides, large amount of military gear for the drug cartels ... also motivates local police forces for military gear.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Militarization_of_police
However, a 2017 study showed that police forces which received military equipment were more likely to have violent encounters with the public, regardless of local crime rates.[15]
... snip ...

Early part of century, arms merchants wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

some of the same scientists that were paid for articles that on tobacco smoke not killing, were also paid for articles on acid rain, ozone hole, global warming, DDT ... and even pushing "TEAM B" analysis
http://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B003RRXXO8/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt

Merchants of Doubt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

in the "TEAM B" case, there was analysis that Soviet military was hugely more powerful than it actually was (justifying huge increase in US budget .... see upthread about "Team B", Colby, Rumsfeld, Cheney, Bush, Wolfowitz. While Boyd reference about Heritage gave them points for 1983 analysis similar to Spinney/Boyd ... it says it has significantly changed since then (also mentioned in the "Merchants of Doubt" references)
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/winslow-t-wheeler/descent-into-ignominy-the_b_1194507.html
Also 1983, I originally met Boyd after this Spinney article appeared (gone behind paywall but most lives free at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

Boyd would tell story about anticipating SECDEF (Weinberger) would try and throw both of them into Leavenworth ... even though there was no classified info ... and had spent 18months getting written authorization for every piece of information ... but that didn't stop the SECDEF, fortunately they had congressional cover ... which wouldn't exist today.

John Boyd's Art of War, Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Spinney tribute to Boyd, behind subscription wall at US Naval Institute
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives "free" at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

93-100% of climate scientists on side of global warming ... however, just like in the tobacco industry case, it is possible to pay somebody to write an opposing view.
https://www.skepticalscience.com/global-warming-scientific-consensus-intermediate.htm
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2013/may/16/climate-change-scienceofclimatechange
https://www.salon.com/2014/05/28/wsjs_shameful_climate_denial_the_scientific_consensus_is_not_a_myth/
The first, Joseph Bast, is identified as the president of the Koch-affiliated Heartland Institute, a veritable machine of climate denial, with the implicit mission statement of sowing confusion and dissent about accepted science. (For another standout example of Bast's opinion writing, try this 1998 editorial asserting that smoking, in moderation, has "few, if any, adverse health effects.")
... snip ...

more shows up with #2 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess last decade,
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
before becoming chair of CFTC, Wendy was at Koch brothers Foundation (wife of #2)
https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Mercatus_Center#Connections_to_NFIB_and_Environmental_Deregulation
after getting legislation rolling, wife resigns and joins board of ENRON and audit committee
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/warning/
https://www.amazon.com/Dark-Money-History-Billionaires-RadicalRight-ebook/dp/B0180SU4OA/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
Date: 19 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#44 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

Some of the CTSS people
http://multicians.org/thvv/7094.html
went to the 5th flr of tech sq for project mac to do Multics
http://multicians.org/history.html
others went to IBM science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, internal network, lots of online and performance work.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
A version of CTSS RUNOFF was redone for CP67/CMS as SCRIPT.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TYPSET_and_RUNOFF

Later in 1969, GML was invented at the science center and GML tag processing was added to SCRIPT (after a decade, it morphs into ISO international standard SGML, after another decade it morphs into HTML at CERN, "GML" was chosen from the 1st letters of the inventors last names).

first webserver in the US was SLAC on VM370 system (descendant of CP/67), in the 80s, used to have monthly meetings at SLAC
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

former co-worker at science center and research ... responsible for the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s), technology also used by corporate sponsored university network (also larger than arpanet/internet for some time) ... also references to meeting with the arpanet in the mid-70s
http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cool-to-be-clever-edson-hendricks/id483020515?mt=8
bullying part of US education (public and military) for stamping out creativity and enforcing conformity
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
another reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

In the 80s, I had project I called HSDT and we were working with the Director of NSF and were suppose to get $20M for interconnecting the NSF supercomputer centers, Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually NSF releases an RFP. Internal politics prevents us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writting the company a letter (copying the CEO) with support from other agencies, but that just make the internal politics worse (as does statements that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into the centers, it morphs into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
GML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
Date: 19 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#44 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#46 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

1979, I get con'ed into doing some LLNL benchmarks on engineering 4341, they were looking at getting 70 4341 for compute farm ... sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing tsunami. During the 80s, worked various activities packaging large number of various different processor chips ... and towards the end of 80s started HA/CMP product .... including working on both commercial and technical cluster scaleup. End of Oct1991, the IBM senior VP sponsoring the Kingston group retires and their project is audited. Then there is internal symposium looking for technology to be used for supercomputer. Contributing factor is that the mainframe DB2 group were complaining if I continued commercial scaleup, it would be at least five years ahead of them.

17Feb1992 press, cluster scaleup for technical & scientific only
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992 press, surprised by national lab interest in cluster supercomputer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

During the same period we were also working with LLNL on porting their supercomputer filesystem to RS/6000 clusters and released as product (UNITREE).

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

other triva: 1980 I got con'ed into doing channel extender for STL (now silicon valley lab) ... had been opened in 1977, but already bursting at the seams. They were looking at moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg. They tried "remote" 3270 terminal support and found human factors totally unacceptable (since they were used to VM370/CMS direct channel attached 3270 controllers). The channel extender allowed channel attached controllers to be placed at the offsite bldg and they didn't notice any difference in human factors.

The hardware vendor then wanted IBM to allow my support be release, however there was some people in POK playing with some serial stuff that got it vetoed (they were worried that if it was in the market, it would make it more difficult to get their stuff released). Then in 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were playing with, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff that I had done in 1980). Finally in 1990, the POK people get their stuff released as ESCON when it is already obsolete. Later some POK engineers start working with FCS and define a heavy weight protocol that drastically reduces throughput that is eventually released as FICON. Latest FICON peak I/O published benchmark is z196 getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre channel standard). Approximately same time a fibre channel is announced for E5-2600v1 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such fibre channel standard having higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre channel).

channel extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
ficon posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

more trivia: also in Kingston was Clementi's E&S center that had 20 x64 Floating Point Systems boxes. Some of the work with the E&S center ... for a time, I also had a HSDT T1 (1.5mbit/sec) directly into their center. One of the places that FPS beat 3090VF was direct HIPPI 40mbyte/sec disk array support. Eventually somebody did a 3090 hack that could splice HIPPI into extended store bus ... using peak/poke paradigm to control transfers.

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: Farewell to 747 in U.S. service

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT:  Farewell to 747 in U.S. service
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 19 Feb 2018 22:28:13 -0800
hancock4 writes:
For the first time in 48 years, you can't buy a ticket on a US airline to fly on a Boeing 747. On Wednesday, Delta Air Lines Flight 9771 touched down in Marana, Arizona, an arid boneyard for stored and cannibalized jetliners. A three-hour-and-33-minute journey from Atlanta. The last of the airline's 16 jumbo Boeing 747-400s flew to a desert retirement, ending operations by passenger airlines in the United States. Both Delta and United Airlines have been saying goodbye to the jumbo for months. A final domestic revenue flight, a last international trip, a final charter. Those last trips became more of a farewell tour than a formal end. But Wednesday's departure on ship 6314 was the true grand finale.

full article with details and photos at:
https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/delta-boeing-747-retirement-flight/index.html


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#55 Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#28 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

took 2hr intro to computing at univ, following year I was hired fulltime employee to be responsible for the IBM production mainframe systems. Still undergraduate, summer 1969 was hired into the small group (although I had taught them a one week, 40hr dataprocessing class during spring break) attached to CFO in corporate hdqtrs (across from boeing field) to help form Boeing Computer Service (consolidate all dataprocessing in an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, even offering services to non-Boeing entities). Sold to SAIC in 1999
http://boeing.mediaroom.com/1999-06-11-Boeing-Announces-SAIC-to-Purchase-Boeing-Information-Services

I got basement apartment from 747 engineer & 747#3 was flying skies of Seattle getting FAA flt certification. There was some conflict between CFO and head of Renton datacenter ... CFO had 360/30 for printing payroll, while Renton datacenter had something like $200M-$300M in IBM mainframes, 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes were constantly being staged in the hallways around the machine room. There was also disaster plans to replicate the Renton datacenter up at the new 747 plant at Paine field in Everett .... almost 49yrs ago.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_747
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_747#Background

Early 80s, for some transgressions, I was transferred from San Jose Research to Yorktown Research ... continued to live in San Jose, but had to commute to Yorktown once or twice a month. I would work in San Jose area on Monday and then catch the SFO->Kennedy redeye monday night and be at YKT tuesday morning ... and then return Thursday or Friday afternoon. Did a lot of PanAm 747 (also TWA, American) ... until they sold their pacific routes & 747s to United ... and then sometimes flew a (former) PanAm 747 ... but had United logo.
http://www.nytimes.com/1985/04/23/business/pan-am-plans-sale-of-pacific-routes-to-united-airlines.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
Date: 20 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#44 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#46 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#47 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

trivia: the supercomputer technology conference (searching for supercomputer technology) that happened between the end of OCT1991 when the senior VP retired, that had been sponsoring the kingston supercomputer group (and the resulting audit of the project) and the end of Jan1992 when our cluster scaleup was transferred and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors ... there was an Austin engineer working on cluster scaleup that wanted to present at the conference. We advised him not to present because he didn't understand how internal corporate politics work ... and it would only end badly. He went ahead and made the presentation anyway and things ended badly. some old email on cluster scaleup from that period (part of it code name medusa) ... 10SEPT1991-29Jan1992 (hours before we were told of transfer and not allowed to work on anything with more than four processors)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

this email on 29Jan1992 reference to big LLNL meeting earlier in the week, but two of the other (non-IBM) attendees dropped by to fill me
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email920129

and as previously mentioned 17Feb1992 press, referencing new supercomputer announced for technical & scientific *ONLY*
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
and 11May1992 press, referencing IBM taken by "surprise" by the national labs interest in cluster supercomputing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

other email trivia regarding 4341 (including RAIN/RAIN4 benchmark, 70 4341s for computer farm)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Nostalgia

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Nostalgia
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 20 Feb 2018 10:12:03 -0800
Bob Eager <news0006@eager.cx> writes:
Exactly. Might be worth recounting this story (possibly a repeat, but...)

About 15 years ago I had a need for a particular program on a PC. It was a one-off, and it had to be in BASIC, as the machine wasn't connected to anything else - all I could do was move small files using INTERLNK/ INTERSVR (remember those?)

I searched the Internet and found an ideal program. I downloaded it, transferred it to the PC and it did exactly what I wanted.

Being me, I had a look at the source code. The more I looked at it, the more mystified I became by the style of programming. It was how I might have written it.

Then it hit me. I *had* written it, a further 15 years before. I had sent it to various people but not bothered keeping a copy. It had come back to me!


former co-worker at science center and research was responsible for the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
which was also used for the corporate sponsored university network (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time) some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

in the 80s, he had left IBM and was working for company that did a lot of real-time stuff and he was working with major real-time system and noticed code that he thot was familiar. The supervisor contained module that was seemed same as his RSCS/VNET MSUP routine (from 15yrs earlier), a nearly line-for-line translation from 360 assembler to C, included retaining the original comments. past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#32 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#34 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?

His RSCS/VNET MSUP dates back to the 60s, before 23JUNE1969 unbundling and starting to separately charge for lots of stuff, including software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling

after the unbundling announce, IBM had internal people going back and adding "COPYRIGHT" statements to the front of every source routine. example from long ago and far away:
*********************************************************************** 00002000 *** *** 00003000 *** 5748-XE1 - COPYRIGHT IBM CORPORATION - 1978, 1979 *** 00004000 *** LICENSED MATERIAL - PROGRAM PROPERTY OF IBM *** 00005000 *** REFER TO COPYRIGHT INSTRUCTIONS: FORM G120-2083 *** 00006000 *** *** 00007000 *********************************************************************** 00008000

more recently, I was somewhat surprised when something similar happened to IETF/ISOC Internet standards documents ... something about original authors retains rights (and use may require obtaining the authors permissions) ... previously IETF had made transition from no copyright notice to:
Full Copyright Statement

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (xxxx). All Rights Reserved.

This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English.

The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

... snip ...

I had done some work with documents under the above copyright and then was contacted by author of various RFC standards that I had used ... and tried to apply the latest IETF/ISOC copyright retroactively to all his earlier RFCs. I had to spend over a thousand (of my own money) on copyright lawyer to explain it to the author and his representative.

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#5 Internet today -- what's left for hobbiests
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#12 Reverse or inverse ARP from windows/linux - no way (!?!?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#56 Reverse or inverse ARP from windows/linux - no way (!?!?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#83 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#83 Today, the IETF Turns 25
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#95 56kbit modems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
Date: 20 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows

so does increase in guns have no effect on stopping more crime ... or possibly does increase in guns, result in increase in crime offsetting any counter effects it might have on decreasing crime.

this somewhat along the lines of Kahneman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman
and
https://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-Slow-Daniel-Kahneman-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA/
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds/dp/0393254593/

Kahneman, a psychologist got 2002 nobel prize in economics, in part for debunking economic theories that were especially popular with the 1980s administration, appealing theoretical ideas about how people may operate economically, turned out to not be true.

in fact, 80s administration, former CIA director and then VP repeatedly claimed that he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade, another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 2.1M criminal referrals and 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime.

other random, there have been lots written about FBI having difficulty adapting to gun toting bank robberies is now totally dwarfed by white collar & cyber bank thefts (billions instead of hundreds or thousands). Bank Examiner during the S&L crises where deregulation allowed crooks to buy banks (Keating sent memo included: 'get Black -- kill him dead').
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
and wrote: "Best Way to Rob a Bank is to Own One"
https://www.amazon.com/Best-Way-Rob-Bank-Own-ebook/dp/B00H5B9Z80/

Bank regulator in the 80s that refused to go along with the deregulation was told that he served at the discretion of the president, he was then replaced by somebody that would go along.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
Date: 20 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#44 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#46 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#47 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#49 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

note post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#83
with 17Feb1992 news (IBM announces new supercomputer lab)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1

also has article: Subject: "Foray into Mainstream for Parallel Computing" Source: NY Times, 6/15/92, pg C1, John Markoff

and post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#70
with 11May1992 news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

has several other supercomputer related articles. Including references to Chen Supercomputer which was being funded by the (original) Kingston Supercomputer group (in addition to designing their own traditional supercomputer)

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
Date: 20 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#44 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#46 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#47 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#49 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#52 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

from one of the supercomputer news articles (15June1992)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#83
'In fact, IBM is said to be planning to demonstrate a 32-microprocessor version of its most powerful mainframe computers later this year'

mainframe shared memory multiprocessor rather than cluster ("loosely-coupled"), actually didn't get 16way until 2000DEC and 32way 2003:
z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017


SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

trivia: late 80 & early 90s, in addition to being asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were playing with (which quickly becomes fibre channel standard) and doing our HA/CMP product including cluster scaleup ... was also asked to participate in (originally) SLAC's SCI ... serial fiber that defined shared memory interconnect (similar to fibre channel standard, but different). Standard SCI shared memory interconnect definition was "64-port", Sequent and Data General, did 256 processor version using 64 four intel processor boards and Convex did 128 processor version using 64 two HP Snake processor boards. SGI also used version of SCI for 256 processor. After leaving IBM did some consulting for both Convex and Sequent (Steve Chen was then at Sequent as CTO, before IBM bought Sequent and shut it down).

more trivia: 1st part of 70s was Future System effort, completely different than 370 which it was going to completely replace. Internal politics was shutting down 370 efforts (lack of new 370 products is credited with giving market foothold to the 370 system clone makers). When FS imploded there was mad rush to get new stuff back into 370 product pipelines ... including kicking off 3033 and 3081 in parallel
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

3033 started out remapping 168-3 to 20% faster chips. I had gotten involved in project to do 16-way SMP 370 and got 3033 processor engineers involved in their spare time (lot more interesting than what they were doing). At first POK thought it was really great, but then somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system (MVS) had effective 16-way support. Then several of us were invited to never visit POK again and the 3033 processor engineers needed to get their noses back to the grindstone and stop being distracted.

other trivia: z196 @50BIPS did peak I/O benchmark at 2M IOPS with 104 FICON (see refs earlier in thread). At that time e5-2600v1 blades (with single fibre channel announced supporting over million IOPS) had versions that ranged from 400BIPS to 530BIPS. A few high density racks of e5-2600v1 blades could have more processing power than aggregate of all operational IBM mainframes at the time.

FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Brain size of human ancestors evolved gradually over 3 million years

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Brain size of human ancestors evolved gradually over 3 million years
Date: 20 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
Brain size of human ancestors evolved gradually over 3 million years
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-02/uocm-bso022018.php

other evolution references:

How Has the Human Brain Evolved?
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-has-human-brain-evolved/
What does it mean to be human?
http://humanorigins.si.edu/human-characteristics/brains
The evolution of modern human brain shape
http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/1/eaao5961.full
From Primitive Parts, A Highly Evolved Human Brain
https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129027124
Decoding human brain evolution
https://hms.harvard.edu/giving/hms-donors/stories/decoding-human-brain-evolution
Researchers Map Out Genetic 'Switches' Behind Human Brain Evolution
http://www.sciencenewsline.com/news/2018011211120073.html

Evolution of the human brain: when bigger is better
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3973910/
A natural history of the human mind: tracing evolutionary changes in brain and cognition
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2409100/
The reptilian brain
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4406946/

note several of the NIH references give the NIH urls for abstract/summary

topic drift/trivia: in 1990s did some work with NIH National Library of Medicine regarding UMLS and the organization of medical knowledge
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/umls/
https://semanticnetwork.nlm.nih.gov/
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/factsheets/umlsmeta.html

at the time, they was still a couple of people that had done their original online implementation back in the 60s. We had some notes to compare since when I was at the university in the 60s, the university library had gotten an ONR grant to do online catalog and helping get it up and running was added to my tasks. Both the implementations were IBM mainframe using BDAM files ... and in the 90s, NLM was still using that implementation.

one of the issues was by 1980, there were so many items in NLM that simple online query would return hundred of thousand of matches. To restrict the number of matches required adding qualifying terms ... however out around 5-7 terms, responses became bimodel ... either thousands of matches or zero matches. The holy grail became search term combinations that would return less than hundred matches but more than zero. Organizations using NLM tended to develop specialized NLM search librarians, a researcher would describe what they were interested in ... and typically would get reasonable sets of references within 3-4 days.

past posts mentioning UMLS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#26 Misc. more on bidirectional links
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#27 History of Microsoft Word (and wordprocessing in general)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#1 Off-topic everywhere [was: Re: thee and thou
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#45 XML, AI, Cyc, psych, and literature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#50 XML, AI, Cyc, psych, and literature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#53 c.d.theory glossary (repost)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#7 The Network Data Model, foundation for Relational Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#52 Specifying all biz rules in relational data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#67 Relational vs network vs hierarchic databases
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#0 Relational vs network vs hierarchic databases
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#57 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#45 Where should the type information be?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#47 Where should the type information be?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#74 Speculation ONLY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#10 Boyd & Beyond 2010, review at Zenpundit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#87 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#77 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#36 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#34 The head of the Census Bureau just quit, and the consequences are huge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#57 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#94 What is SQL? The language of databases

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Brain size of human ancestors evolved gradually over 3 million years

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Brain size of human ancestors evolved gradually over 3 million years
Date: 20 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#54 Brain size of human ancestors evolved gradually over 3 million years

Note I had been involved in implementing the original SQL/relational RDBMS, System/R ... which did some optimization for financial transactions using table implementation assuming every record (in case of financial, accounts, had the same homogeneous information structure). I then got dragged into helping doing a different kind of relational implementation that didn't require assuming a homogeneous information structure ... it turns out that any item could have a partially unique or even totally unique information structure. It didn't have the performance of System/R for financial transactions but it could represent real-word data lacking homogeneous structure. some past System/R posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

In the 90s, NIH was trying to use UMLS, RDBMS and other things to help organize medical knowledge. However, there was big problems with using RDBMS since real world medical knowledge doesn't have consistent, homogeneous structure ... lots of things that can be related to any other thing ... as in their "MeSH"
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/

I had reimplemented non-structured relational several times for scratch for use with such real-world data. I've also used it for a number of other topics, including merged glossaries/taxonomies for a number of subjects .... more information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/index.html
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/index.html#glossary

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer science hot major in college (article)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Computer science hot major in college (article)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 22 Feb 2018 10:46:01 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
JMF wanted his business cards to say, "Have EDDT, Will Travel". I put it one his gravestone. If TW, JMF and I had decided to quit DEC the first time TOPS-10 was canceled, the "Have EDDT.." would have been our motto.

year after I had 2hr intro to programming, univ. hired me fulltime to be responsible for ibm mainframe production systems (academic as well as administration). I hated bugs, getting calls to fix something ... sometimes in the middle of the night ... other times when i was concentrating on some extremely complex progamming ... with regarding to interrupting concentration ... from "Real Programmers Don't Eat Quiche"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#31 High Level Language Systems was Re: computer books/authors (Re: FA:

Real Programmers never work 9 to 5. If any Real Programmers are around at 9 AM, it's because they were up all night.

... aka offshift work frequently minimizes interrupts. My aversion to bugs got worse when bugs became utilized for exploits ... led to last product at IBM was HA/CMP ... no single point of failure ... and "fail safe" ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
some related posts in C language related bugs&exploits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer
and "availability" related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

as aside, I thot something other than contact on business cards had no point, tried hard to have it left blank ... then was told that there was corporate standard that something had to be there ... then would just have "staff member" ... as innoxious and meaningless as possible.

the other was we were first to have corporate internet email address ... and then csnet (arpanet/internet) email address. Then corporate said that business cards were only for customer contact information and email addresses had to be removed. We pointed out that met then that it also applied to internal "tieline" phone number ... which would also have to be removed ... and csnet email could remain. old email about being first with csnet gateway (also arpanet, 1982, slightly before internetworking change over)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#email821022
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#email821022

more topic drift ... internetworking TCP/IP transition, from csnet liaison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email821230
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email830202

I did go through a period putting random zippy at end of email ... also added selection from 6670 file ... recent reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#103 1956 -- circuit reliability book

and now just stay with the following static.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Accelerate Your OODA-Loop with Threat Intelligence and Orchestration

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Accelerate Your OODA-Loop with Threat Intelligence and Orchestration
Date: 21 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
Accelerate Your OODA-Loop with Threat Intelligence and Orchestration
https://webinar.darkreading.com/3456?keycode=sbx&cid=smartbox_techweb_webcast_8.500000817

OODA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_Loop
John Boyd (military strategist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)

John Boyd's Art of War, Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Spinney tribute to Boyd, behind subscription wall at US Naval Institute
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives "free" at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer science hot major in college (article)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Computer science hot major in college (article)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 22 Feb 2018 18:07:20 -0800
Charles Richmond <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
Planning and design are important... but I enjoy hammering out the code!!! Part of the attraction of computers (for me and I think for many others) is the idea that the computer will *automatically* do work for you after you get the program right. So I think many programmers originally got "sucked in" by laziness... the idea that the machine will do all the work.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#56 Computer science hot major in college (article)

I was brought into as consultant at small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server. They also had invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use ... that is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I had also made several security recommendations, many of which were almost immediately violated, continuing to account for some number of exploits.

I would include in talks that it takes 4-10 the effort to take a well designed, implemented and tested application and turn it into a "service" (contingency for failures, exploits, attacks, availability, etc). some past posts mentioning 4-10 time effort:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#62 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#49 "Perfect" or "Provable" security both crypto and non-crypto?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#20 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#37 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#77 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#23 Outsourcing loosing steam?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#54 Industry Standard Time To Analyze A Line Of Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#41 IBM announced z10 ..why so fast...any problem on z 9
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#50 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#35 Builders V. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#0 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#27 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#67 Somewhat off-topic: comp-arch.net cloned, possibly hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#44 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Why Not Pick All Three?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#13 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#86 Economic Failures of HTTPS Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#146 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#27 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#23 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#18 progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#42 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist.
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 23 Feb 2018 15:45:20 -0800
hancock4 writes:
True. Before unions, many workers were basically serfs. You looked cross-eyed at the foreman and you were gone. No appeal. Dangerous conditions? Too bad. Many companies had managers who were out to take out whatever they could from the workers, and returning them as little as possible. The fact that workers were human with families to support was not an issue.

Unfortunately, in the 1960s, the pendulum swung, and unions grew in power and got greedy. They could and did demand unreasonable compensation and working conditions which sowed the troubles of the 1970s and 1980s.

Today, IMHO, the pendulum has swung back. Management has too much power, especially with mega corporations and no competition, and workers have no recourse. I don't understand why so many people think this is a good thing, and these people even applaud the robber barons of 100 years ago.


this is my periodic pontification about major, human labor intensive operations shifted the profit to subsidiaries with few people ... became pronounced by the late 80s and early 90s. Airline parent companies shifted profit from airline operations to reservation & ticketing ... airline operations could be operating at a loss (in part to leverage dealing with unions) while parent company still had substantial profit (because profit was being booked in a different subsidiary doing reservations & ticketing, more than offsetting loss in operations).

Later they could even declare bankruptcy for airline operations and dump those employee pension plans on the government.

This century they started using the technique to move the subsidiary (showing the profit) to offshore tax haven ... aka poster child was large construction equipment maker that makes in the US and sells and delivers to customers in the US. They then created a "distributor" subsidiary in offshore tax haven ... the manufactured equpment is transferred to the books of the distributor at cost ... and the distributor sells to customers in the US and equipment still delivered directly from the US manufacturing plant to the US customer ... but all the profit is booked in the off-shore distributorship tax haven.
https://www.icij.org/
https://www.icij.org/investigations/
https://www.icij.org/investigations/luxembourg-leaks/

tax evasion, fraud, avoidance, havens posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

past gov PBGC pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#61 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#91 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#65 As Expected, Ford Falls From 2nd Place in U.S. Sales
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#24 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#46 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#77 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#94 Bankruptcy a reprieve for some companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#4 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#8 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#10 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#24 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#90 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#7 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#59 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#81 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#89 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#83 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#98 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#94 Pension Funds at Risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#98 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#45 OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#100 D.C. Hivemind Mulls How Clinton Can Pass Huge Corporate Tax Cut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#18 IBM Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#4 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#80 The IBM Appeal - when is a pensions promise not a promise?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#100 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
Date: 23 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
old post from 2011
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world

references this article: The 147 Comapnies That Control Everything
https://www.forbes.com/sites/bruceupbin/2011/10/22/the-147-companies-that-control-everything/#7959b19c5105

and

Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21228354-500-revealed-the-capitalist-network-that-runs-the-world/

goes along with this posted today:

New York's Waldorf Astoria is now controlled by the Chinese government
https://qz.com/1214009/new-yorks-waldorf-astoria-is-now-controlled-by-the-chinese-government/

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity, part of the result by the early 50s was adding "in god we trust" to money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy, industry and military 20s thru early 40s. The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War,
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences; 1943 US Strategic Bombing Program, they needed German industrial and military targets and coordinates, they got the information and detailed plans from wallstreet.

Not Much Has Changed Since 1935
https://www.sadanduseless.com/2011/11/the-ruling-class/

"War Is A Racket" (1935), in other writings, the author makes reference to Bush1's father
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
https://www.amazon.com/War-Racket-Antiwar-Americas-Decorated-ebook/dp/B00P8OEFFY/
related "economic hit man" ... sending "capitalists" into loot countries
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
The Domestic Roots of Perpetual War
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

I Helped Sell the False Choice of War Once. It's Happening Again.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/05/opinion/trump-iran-war.html

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, US support Iraq in the iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
Iraq and weapons of mass destruction
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_and_weapons_of_mass_destruction

last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (after being released and before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

Also back in the 80s, Former CIA director and then VP repeatedly claimed that he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade, another family member (Bush2) presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 2.1M criminal referrals and 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

some amount of "economic hit man" is set in Cambridge ... and there are various reference to discredit the work ... but then this shows up (also set in Cambridge):

"Is Harvard Responsible For Rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on looting the country. John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

other trivia, I was brought into discussions about how to create 5,000 brick&mortar branch banks around Russia .... at about $1M each ... or $5B total (as part of creating capitalist environment). However, before it got very far, the whole thing implodes because of the efforts by others to loot the country. --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Accelerate Your OODA-Loop with Threat Intelligence and Orchestration

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Accelerate Your OODA-Loop with Threat Intelligence and Orchestration
Date: 23 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#57 Accelerate Your OODA-Loop with Threat Intelligence and Orchestration

I have long winded periodic pontification on what causes failures ... although mostly retired and not that active anymore. I was involved in TCP/IP protocol stack implemented in Pascal that had none of the exploits that are still epidemic in C language implementation.

Last decade I try to do frequency study of exploit from the NIST (managed by Mitre). At the time, exploit reports were mostly free form and difficult to extract exploit type information. I talked to Mitre about requiring better exploit reporting ... but at the Mitre said that they were lucky to get reports w/o any structure ... it was unlikely that they could force more meaningful exploit reporting. I did provide some rough frequency data ... and the following year later, NIST did report something similar.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#43 security taxonomy and CVE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#58 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#74 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#20 Buffer overruns

Buffer management related vulnerabilities and exploit posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

I was brought into consultant at small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server. They also had invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use ... that is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I had also made several security recommendations, many of which were almost immediately violated, continuing to account for some number of exploits.

Current payment infrastructure has exploit/vulnerabilities at millions of locations around the world. I got involved in writing a new international financial transaction standard that restricted the exploit/vulnerabilities to a few hundred large financial backend systems (enormous reduction in the attack surface). Possibly problem was the standard eliminated large number of exploits (and attack surface), commoditizing payment infrastructure which would open payment infrastructure to significant competition and enormously reducing profit found in the current infrastructure.

X9.59 payment transaction standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
X9.59 related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

... in any case, some language specific, some process and/or attitude related. I used to include in talks that it takes 4-10 the effort to take a straight-forward well designed, implemented, and tested application and turn it into "service" (proving for all sort of failure, attack, exploit).

recent related post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#58 Computer science hot major in college (article)

At some point along the way, we had been brought in to help wordsmith some cal. state legislation, they were working on electronic signature, data breach notification, and opt-in personal information sharing

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

several entities involved in privacy were involved and had done detailed, in-depth public surveys on privacy and the #1 issue was identity theft, especially the form involving various breaches that resulted in fraudulent financial transactions

A problem was that little or nothing was being done about these breaches (except trying to keep them out of the news). A major issue is that entities take security measures in self protection ... the problem with the breaches was that the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public ... so they had little motivation. It was hoped that the publicity from the data breach notifications might motivated institutions to take security measures.

Since then dozen or so data breach federal acts have been introduced (non yet passed), about half similar to cal. state legislation and those that would preempt state legislation and effectively eliminate notification (various strategies like requiring combination of personal information that would never occur)

data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

"Opt-in" sharing of personal information would require record that individual had agreed to the sharing. However, before the state legislation passed, "opt-out" (pre-empting any state legislation) was added to GLBA. "Opt-out" sharing was allowed unless there was a required that the individual didn't agree to the sharing. Middle of last decade there was a annual national privacy conference in Wash DC that included panel session with the FTC commissioners. During the panel session somebody in the audience asked if the FTC commissioners were going to do anything about "opt-out". They said they were involved in call center technology used by all major financial institutions and knew they the call centers were processing "opt-out" calls w/o making any record of the call (there would never be a record of "opt-out"). The commissioners just ignored the question.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicon Valley pub that helped birth PC industry to close because of high rent

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Silicon Valley pub that helped birth PC industry to close because of high rent
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 24 Feb 2018 12:54:18 -0800
Silicon Valley pub that helped birth PC industry to close because of high rent
https://arstechnica.com/gaming/2018/02/silicon-valley-pub-that-helped-birth-pc-industry-to-close-because-of-high-rent/

favorite place after monthly (BAYBUNCH) meetings at SLAC ... as well as other times.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM
Date: 25 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-telecoms-mobileworld-ibm-disruptors/major-firms-learning-to-adapt-in-fight-against-start-ups-ibm-idUSKCN1G90IB
Who Says Elephants Can't Dance?
https://www.amazon.com/Who-Says-Elephants-Cant-Dance-ebook/dp/B000FCKL6G/

AMEX was in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR, KKR wins but then runs into trouble and they hire away president of AMEX to help
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM goes into the red and was being organized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. (gone behind paywall but mostly lives free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
The same year, AMEX spins off much of its IBM mainframe processing and bank transaction outsourcing business in the largest IPO up until that time.

The board then hires the former AMEX president who reverses the breakup using some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

later at the turn of the century, the former AMEX president has become head of another large private-equity company Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster
... snip ...

... including acquiring beltway bandit that will employ Snowden.

Private-equity will acquire lots of beltway bandits and help accelerate large increase in outsourcing to for-profit companies. Part of the issue is gov. agencies aren't allowed to lobby congress, and beltway bandits aren't allowed to use money from gov. contracts to lobby contracts ... but its seems that there is no limit on private-equity companies to lobby on behalf of their subsidiaries. just intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
which also significantly accelerates the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (more profit from series of failures) ... especially large dataprocessing related projects
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

posts mentioning private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
former amex president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

I had met Col. Boyd shortly after this article appeared (gone behind paywall, but mostly lives free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. First briefing was just Patterns of Conflict, but he was working on Organic Design For Command and Control, which he included in his next briefing ... mentioning that former military officers were starting to contaminate corporate culture with rigid, top-down, command and control.

John Boyd's Art of War, Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Spinney tribute to Boyd, behind subscription wall at US Naval Institute
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives "free" at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

However about the same time, articles also started appearing about MBAs destroying US corporations ... top executives focusing on cutting costs to improve stock prices ... also "The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future" (Joseph E. Stiglitz) pg35/loc1169-73:
In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards.
... snip ...

Basically running any large public company becoming matter of managing stock market. This century, Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America", IBM just one of many examples ... pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

trivia: mainframe hardware sales have been declining to a couple percent of revenue ... but mainframe group still sustains the business .... 25% of revenue and 40% of profit ("software and services"). While they are no longer making money off mainframe hardware sales ... they are still significantly milking that customer base for profits.

I've periodic mention major damage to the mainframe business by the communication group, late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at internal, world-wide, annual, communication group conference ... supposedly on 3174 performance ... however he opened his talk with the statement that the head of the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server, trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms with fall in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solution to address the opportunity, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. The datacenter stranglehold wasn't just affecting disk sales and a few years later the company goes into the red.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

recent posts/thread in this group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#44 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#46 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#47 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#49 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#52 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#53 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it

we then leave in summer of 92 ... after cluster scalelup was transferred and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. Later we get a call from the bowels of Armonk asking if we would help with breaking up the company. The issue was that lots of divisions were leveraging supplier contracts by other divisions. We were asked about helping with cataloging all the associated MOUs and having to turn these into their own explicit contracts (when the divisions are then in different corporations). However, new CEO comes in and reverses the breakup before this gets started.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist.
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 25 Feb 2018 12:05:39 -0800
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
Being PC at work has always seemed trivially easy. Anyone that can't control themselves or needs to abuse others doesn't belong in the work place. They'd do better on the back of a truck.

I worked for the hardware store during high school and would get loaned out to contractors for various projects in the area. Summer after freshman in college was foreman on construction school (next summer started full time programming jobs).

after graduation and joining IBM science center at MIT, IBM was going through rapid expansion and hiring ... and everybody that had been there a year were being asked to become managers. One Friday I got asked and requested a copy of the official "manager's manual" to read over the weekend. On Monday, I said my background of doing employee attitude readjustment was in the parking lot after work which doesn't seem to be compatible with what was in the manager's manual. I was never asked again.

past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist.
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 25 Feb 2018 12:33:27 -0800
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
The XL pipeline? Yeah, we desperately need more oil now that Obama presided over the USA finally achieving energy independence. Maybe some politics there, but not a big deal as far as I'm concerned.

XL pipeline is to move canadian shale oil to Houston so it can be shipped to China ... less expensive than pipeline over the rockies to Vancouver. Has very little to do with US.

full discloser: several years ago, they bought right-of-way to build though my grandmother's farm ... my mother inherited the farm when my grandmother died (and my mother leased out the land to neighbor) and when my mother died in 2015, and we sold off the farm to the neighbor.

note that oil fracking major contributor to energy independence is credited with reversing decision 2002 that victims & families of 9/11 can't sue Saudia Arabia for being responsible (i.e. we couldn't blame Saudia Arabia as long as we were dependent on them).

blaming Iraq was obfuscation and misdirection and served a whole slew of other purposes.

past posts referencing change in being able to sue Saudia Arabia responsible for 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#32 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#37 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#51 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#14 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#86 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#68 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#28 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#51 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#12 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#0 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#27 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#54 The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#72 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#50 Iraqi WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#87 Top secret "28 pages" may hold clues about Saudi support for 9/11 hijackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#93 Qbasic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist.
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 25 Feb 2018 12:56:39 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
The real problem with the ACA, was when Republican Mitt Romney proposed it, the Republican leadership liked it. When the non-white President Obama wanted to go nation wide with it their tiny brains spun around 180 degrees and they denied it was a good idea. Then the medical insurance lobbyists crapped on it and it became what it was, now what it should have been.

"single payer" was big problem for medical insurance industry.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single-payer_healthcare
in US .... which dates back to at least early 90s
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single-payer_healthcare#United_States
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single-payer_healthcare#National_policies_and_proposals
The Congressional Budget Office and related government agencies scored the cost of a single-payer health care system several times since 1991. The General Accounting Office published a report in 1991 noting that "[I]f the US were to shift to a system of universal coverage and a single payer, as in Canada, the savings in administrative costs [10 percent of health spending] would be more than enough to offset the expense of universal coverage."[61]

The CBO scored the cost in 1991, noting that "the population that is currently uninsured could be covered without dramatically increasing national spending on health" and that "all US residents might be covered by health insurance for roughly the current level of spending or even somewhat less, because of savings in administrative costs and lower payment rates for services used by the privately insured."[62]

... snip ...

then clinton administration: Clinton health care plan of 1993 ... still couldn't get past lobbiests
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clinton_health_care_plan_of_1993

THE HEALTH CARE DEBATE: What Went Wrong? How the Health Care Campaign Collapsed -- A special report.; For Health Care, Times Was A Killer (1994)
http://www.nytimes.com/1994/08/29/us/health-care-debate-what-went-wrong-health-care-campaign-collapsed-special-report.html?pagewanted=all

Romney Mass Health Care (2006)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massachusetts_health_care_reform

confusion along the way was Medicare part-d ... 2003, first major bill after congress allows fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed tax revenue) ... posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

CBS did expose on part-d, at last minute before final vote, one sentence was added (prohibits competitive bidding) and blocks CBO from distributing analysis of the change. After bill passes, CBS finds that 18 republicans responsible have resigned and are on drug industry payroll. Show also shows drugs from VA (which has competitive bidding) are 1/3rd the price of identical drugs under medicare part-d (enormous gift to the drug industry). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

Comptroller General claims that part-d comes to be $40T long term budget item, totally swamping all other budget items. Also by 2005, comptroller general was including in speaches that nobody in congress was capable of doing middle school arithmetic for how badly they are savaging the budget (2010 CBO report was 2003-2009 tax revenue cut $6T and spending increased $6T for $12T budget gap compared to fiscal responsible budget, 1st time taxes cut to not pay for two wars). US Comptroller General posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 25 Feb 2018 22:44:11 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#104 Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#18 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#21 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#27 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#63 Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM

from today ....

"Day Of Reckoning" Nears As Goldman Projects A Record $650BN In Stock Buybacks
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-02-25/day-reckoning-nears-goldman-projects-record-650bn-stock-buybacks

will be greatest in history, over half trillion.

posts mentioning stock buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist.
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 10:32:54 -0800
mausg writes:
Obama gave the orders that liquidated [Qg]adaffi, and plunged Libya, before one of the best off countries in aFrica , into chaos.

Libya was thrown into anarchy and chaos .... at the time there was some written up about armories with something like 20,000 surface to air missles that no longer had any adult supervision and was going missing.

20,000 surface to air missiles
http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/nightmare-libya-20000-surface-air-missiles-missing/story?id=14610199
limited "gripstocks", restricting shoulder fired, requiring vehicle fired
https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/weapons/a7071/5-things-to-know-about-libyas-missing-antiaircraft-missiles-6394788/

Claimed real motivation was that Gaddafi had been buying up gold and was preparing to launch an african trade currency that would threaten the petrodollar ... supposed deal between US and France was that France would be allowed to go in and remove the gold ... as part of helping shutdown the threat to dollar denominated world trade.
https://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2016/01/06/new-hillary-emails-reveal-true-motive-for-libya-intervention/
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/cifamerica/2011/apr/21/libya-muammar-gaddafi
The most renegade of the lot could be Libya and Iraq, the two that have actually been attacked. Kenneth Schortgen Jr, writing on Examiner.com, noted that '[s]ix months before the US moved into Iraq to take down Saddam Hussein, the oil nation had made the move to accept euros instead of dollars for oil, and this became a threat to the global dominance of the dollar as the reserve currency, and its dominion as the petrodollar.'
... snip ...

similar to anarchy and chaos created in Iraq (also giving rise to ISIS and perpetual war) ... original justification was that Iraq supported Al Qaeda and invasion would only cost $50B, both fabricated/false. It was then changed to WMDs ... also fabricated. There were WMDs that had been decommissioned tracing back to the US in the Iran/Iraq war ... and the person (cousin of white house chief of staff) dealing with Iraq in the UN, had been given proof, and provided it to their cousin, powell and others ... then locked up in military hospital.
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

The decommissioned WMDs were found early in the invasion, but that information was classified until fall of 2014.
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

from the law of unintended consequences, invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for the WMDs. When they got around to going back, over million metric tons had evaporated (large artillery shells later showing up in IEDs)
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist.
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 10:46:56 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#68 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

and from this morning: "Blowback: How the Bombing of Libya in 2011 Led to Terror in Britain"
https://theintercept.com/2018/02/26/libya-bombing-gaddafi-uk-terror-attacks/
Hilarious! But as I explain in this sixth and final film of my series on blowback for The Intercept, there was nothing funny about post-Gadhafi Libya, which quickly descended into violence and chaos as rival militias, including jihadi groups, fought for power and influence. As an official report by a select committee of the British Parliament later acknowledged, "The possibility that militant extremist groups would attempt to benefit from the rebellion should not have been the preserve of hindsight."
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 11:35:08 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
apple, GE, walmart, home depot, qualcomm, glead sciences, united tech, pepsico, amex, goldman

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#21 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

After its $10-Billion Loss in Q4, GE "Restates" Earnings for 2017 and 2016
https://wolfstreet.com/2018/02/26/after-its-10-billion-loss-in-q4-ge-restates-earnings-for-2017-and-2016/
But the restatements for 2016 and 2017 earnings are separate. They have to do with how the company accounted for revenues from long-term contracts. The SEC is already investigating GE's accounting of its long-term service contracts. GE had previously disclosed this investigation. The new way of accounting for those long-term contracts "will simply more closely align revenue with cash," GE explained. And this "we believe will be helpful to our investors."

No kidding. This could have been more helpful to investors years ago.

... snip ...

rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time, however SOX required that SEC do something. Possibly because GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even show increase/uptic after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).
https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-06-1053R
On July 24, 2006, we issued a report to Congress entitled, Financial Restatements: Update of Public Company Trends, Market Impacts, and Regulatory Enforcement Activities. That report included a listing of 1,390 financial restatement announcements that we identified as having been made because of financial reporting fraud and/or accounting errors between July 1, 2002, and September 30, 2005. As part of that work, Congress asked that we provide a limited update of that database for the period October 1, 2005, through June 30, 2006.
... snip ...

web search gao.gov for financial restatement only turns up this in 2007, nothing since
https://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06678.pdf

Enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
Financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 19:13:59 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
from today ....

"Day Of Reckoning" Nears As Goldman Projects A Record $650BN In Stock Buybacks
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-02-25/day-reckoning-nears-goldman-projects-record-650bn-stock-buybacks

will be greatest in history, over half trillion.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#67 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

and even more from today:

Trump's Tax Cuts in Hand, Companies Spend More on Themselves Than on Wages
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/26/business/tax-cuts-share-buybacks-corporate.html

upthread, Home Depot said bonus would be "up to $1000" for associates ... if it was $1000 for everybody that would be 3% of what they would spend on buybacks .... however, "up to $1000" could imply that avg would be much less than $1000 .... possibly more like 1% (or less) of what they would spend on buybacks.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#18 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist.
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 27 Feb 2018 09:58:36 -0800
mausg writes:
No. I was reading recently about the behavior of the NKVD in occupied poland, horrible story. The hard, bald facts were that Stalin got the Russian people through WWII. If the Nazi's had won, that war would be still be going on. The Nazis had the idea of perpetual war to 'harden' Germans to get used to war. Insane. I regard Germany as one of the most civilized countries in the world now, as long as you keep off the grass (!), it is a lesson in how any country could descend into savagery so quickly as did Germany between 1933 and 1943.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#68 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

and john foster dulles played major role in rebuilding German industry and military from 20s through the early 40s.
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

from the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US strategic bombing program needed targets and locations in Germany, it got the information from wallstreet.

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldof-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
part of the result by the early 50s was adding "in god we trust" to money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.

somewhat related, this talks about late 90s, major change in national chamber of commerce lobbying (on behalf of large corporations) ... that resulted in some local chamber of commerce separating from the national organization.
https://www.amazon.com/Influence-Machine-Commerce-Corporate-American-ebook/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

and we now have our own perpetual wars, posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
courtesy of our military-industrial(-congressional) complex, posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist.
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 27 Feb 2018 22:50:02 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#68 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#69 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

a few more references:

Petro-dollar at heart of wars
https://www.irishexaminer.com/viewpoints/yourview/petro-dollar-at-heart-of-wars-374398.html

Libya: All About Oil Or All About Banking?
http://www.businessinsider.com/libya-all-about-oil-or-all-about-banking-2011-4
Libya all about oil, or central banking?
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/MD14Ak02.html

The Sanctions of Mass Destruction
https://www.counterpunch.org/2015/02/03/the-sanctions-of-mass-destruction/

Are The Middle East Wars Really About Forcing the World Into Dollars and Private Central Banking?
https://www.zerohedge.com/contributed/are-middle-east-wars-really-about-forcing-world-dollars-and-private-central-banking

The Libyan War, American Power and the Decline of the Petrodollar System
http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/842:the-libyan-war-american-power-and-the-decline-of-the-petrodollar-system

The Real Reason Russia is Demonized and Sanctioned: the American Petrodollar
https://www.globalresearch.ca/the-real-reason-russia-is-demonized-and-sanctioned-the-american-petrodollar/5402592

multiple claims that deal was struck with Saudi Arabia to provide military protection as part of the petrodollar deal.

from recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
ref. post from 2011 with other 2011 article refs.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Should Smart Contracts Be Legally-Enforceable?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Should Smart Contracts Be Legally-Enforceable?
Date: 28 Feb 2018
Blog: Facebook
Should Smart Contracts Be Legally-Enforceable?
https://blockchainatberkeley.blog/should-smart-contracts-be-legally-enforceable-599b69f73aea

We were brought into help wordsmith the cal. electronic signature act ... which was under heavy lobbying by digital signature interests. An issue in things like contracts, ... part of human signatures was the concept of intent, the person signing the contract was also demonstration intent, agrees, approves, and/or authorizes. However there was lots of digital signature operations that were automagically being done by computers (for authentication) where there was no human demonstration of intent, agrees, approves, and/or authorizes.

The business lawyers part of the legislation were claiming that demonstration of human intent was fundamental to UCC
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Commercial_Code

It primarily shows up in disputes .... shows up in debit/credit transactions. I was asked to design something to include electronic trusted demonstration of human intent. Nearly also almost got dragged into MERS
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mortgage_Electronic_Registration_Systems

Problem was that "digital signature" was term inflation, it was actually being used for authentication ... but they figured they could charge more if they called it signature. They needed an additional operation to satisfy some human operation that represented intent. At the time, the digital signature industry floated $20B/annum business plan on wall street ... with would require legislation requiring $100/person/year ... which never happened

had one (MERS) meeting at the mortgage bankers association new bldg (across park from world bank and IMF in DC). later when things imploded, head of MBA was having press conferences to tell people not to walk away from their underwater mortgages ... then it turns out that MBA had walked away from the mortgage on their new bldg.

the documents lenders had been doing didn't meet UCC standard ... so for foreclosure, they were generating documents in robo-signing mills ... which were regularly ruled to also not being valid. some recent news
https://www.nationalmortgagenews.com/news/phh-mortgage-to-pay-45m-to-settle-robosigning-allegations-by-49-states

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

other past posts referencing MERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#24 What Is MERS and What Role Does It Have in the Foreclosure Mess?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#38 The Death of MERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#46 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#49 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#8 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#55 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#12 Why Auditors Fail To Detect Frauds?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#39 The Alchemy of Securitization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#68 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#70 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#46 Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#111 Maine Supreme Court Hands Major Defeat to MERS Mortgage Registry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#14 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#0 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#3 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#40 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#95 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#92 Leaked Seattle Audit Concludes Many Mortgage Documents Are Void
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#0 IBM is Absolutely Down For The Count
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#95 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#101 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#6 The 1970s engineering recession

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Nostalgia

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Nostalgia
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 01 Mar 2018 14:44:58 -0800
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
The fact that keypunches didn't support lower case was merely an implementation detail. If there had been a demand for lower case, keypunch keyboards would be more like typewriter keyboards. Most printers, on the other hand, supported 64 characters at best, and exceptions (e.g. a 1403 with a TN chain) were avoided if possible because they ran slower that way. IMHO it was printers that held back the acceptance of lower case, not punches.

BCD didn't support lower case, had to move to EBCDIC (w/360)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BCD_(character_encoding)

biggest computer goof, 360 was suppose to be ASCII (not EBCDIC) ... but ascii unit record gear wasn't available in time, so started with lots of existing BCD equipment (and then conversion was much harder)
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

6bit encoding, bcd, ascii, more
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six-bit_character_code

past posts mentioning P-BIT "goof"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#26 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#27 Origins of EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#39 Mainframe Utility for EBCDIC to ASCII conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#41 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#63 CAPS Fantasia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#4 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#65 They've changed the keyboard layout _again_
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#9 Typewriter vs. Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#67 Wondering if I am really eligible for this group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#6 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#45 HP getting out of computer biz
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#23 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#5 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#45 CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#55 "Geek" t-shirts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#100 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#52 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#55 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#73 END OF FILE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#36 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#84 72 column cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#52 8-bit bytes and byte-addressed machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#56 Reduced Symbol Set Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#56 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#72 One reason for monocase was Re: Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#61 32760?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#3 Ported Tools - Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#49 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#33 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#21 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#22 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#37 Subject Unicode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#5 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#13 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#63 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#52 Rather nice article on COBOL on Vulture Central
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#24 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#29 Special characters for Passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#99 IBM architecture, was Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#4 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#6 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#65 16-bit minis, was Floating point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#6 New Line vs. Line Feed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#47 ASCII vs. EBCDIC (was Re: On sort options ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#0 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#64 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#70 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#71 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#79 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#5 RFE? xlc compile option for C integers to be "Intel compat" or Little-Endian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#109 Online Terminals

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

23,000 HTTPS certificates axed after CEO emails private keys

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 23,000 HTTPS certificates axed after CEO emails private keys
Date: 01 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
23,000 HTTPS certificates axed after CEO emails private keys; Flap that goes public renews troubling questions about issuance of certificates.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2018/03/23000-https-certificates-axed-after-ceo-e-mails-private-keys/

Long ago and far away, we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, the startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

I had complete authority on the interface between webserver and internet gateways to payment networks, but could only make recommendations on the interface between webservers and browsers. By the time the gateway interface was done, the use of certificates was purely an side-effect of the crypto libraries being used. I made a large number of posts about the "comfort certificates" used on the webserver/browser side ... there to give public comfort feeling.

past posts on SSL HTTPS ("merchant") certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcert

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Nostalgia

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Nostalgia
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 01 Mar 2018 18:23:33 -0800
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Although there were certainly practical considerations, a (un)healthy dose of the NIH syndrome certainly wouldn't be inconsistent with IBM's behaviour at the time. Quoting Ted Nelson's _Computer Lib_:

ASCII and ye shall receive. -- the computer industry

ASCII not, what your machine can do for you. -- IBM


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#75 alt.folklore.computers

Bemer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Bemer
He also served, with Hugh McGregor Ross and others, on the separate committee which defined the ASCII character codeset in 1960, contributing several characters which had not previously been used by computers including the ESCape character, the backslash character, and the curly bracket characters.[3] As a result he is sometimes known as The Father of ASCII.[1]
... snip ...

1963: The debut of ASCII
http://www.cnn.com/TECH/computing/9907/06/1963.idg/index.html
"We had over 60 different ways to represent characters in computers. It was a real Tower of Babel," says Bob Bemer, who was instrumental in ASCII's development and is widely known as "the father of ASCII."
... snip ...

from "greatest computer goof"
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM
Consequences
....
Although the ASCII work started as a 6-bit code, it soon got to 7-bit, primarily to accommodate upper and lower case alphabets. That was three years before the 360 was announced, and IBM was totally aware of it, especially because they had already decided on the 8-bit byte.

Although some IBM customers would stay with all upper case for a while, the introduction of lower case would destroy all collating precedent, and IBM knew that, too. Especially from the STRETCH design in 1958, where I made a big mistake in setting the collating sequence as "A-a-B-b-C ..." [2]. Ordering alphabetically in dual case must be a two-step process -- first on the letter itself, and then on the quality of the letter (its case).

IBM was in great danger of insurmountably alienating its products from all others. This might have happened had it not been for several other standards actions taken by Eric Clamons and his X3.2 (ASCII) Committee. One was ensuring that the firing order (e.g., bit-to-track assignment on magnetic tape and other physical media) was identical for both EBCDIC and ASCII. Another was ensuring that the character content of both codes was homomorphic -- each had the same set of characters for content, regardless of their coded assignment. This was done by relating each to the other through the punch card code assignments, even though we seldom use cards anymore. We may all be very grateful for that, for it made a hardware translating chip possible, which is the only reason 360 successors and ASCII peripheral devices can coexist at today's high speeds.

... snip ...

"Father of ASCII"
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/FATHEROF.HTM
how ASCII came about
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/ASCII.HTM
ASCII Characters
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/BRACES.HTM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 02 Mar 2018 09:17:25 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#21 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#27 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#67 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#y1 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners

more from today .... home depot's "up to $1000"

Workers Are Getting Basically Nothing From The Corporate Tax Windfall
https://www.fastcompany.com/40537732/workers-are-getting-basically-nothing-from-the-corporate-tax-windfall
Home Depot is one company that's promised bonuses but which is actually giving most of its savings to shareholders. The retailer announced in January that it was awarding bonuses on a sliding scale based on its associates' length of service. Those with less than two years will get $200. Those with 15 to 19 years service will get $750.
.... snip ....

Stock Buybacks Hurt Workers and the Economy. We Should Ban Them.
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/03/stock-buybacks-hurt-workers-economy-ban.html
The deceptively named Tax Cut and Jobs Act slashes the corporate tax rate from 35 percent to 21 percent on the theory that companies will use the extra after-tax profits to make productive investments that will create jobs for Americans. Yet it is clear that instead of helping to rebuild the vanishing middle class, corporate executives will funnel the tax savings to already-rich shareholders through stock buybacks and cash dividends, increasing their take from the stock market. As a result, the nation's rampantly unequal income distribution will only become worse.

...
Repurchases done on the open market, which constitute the vast majority of all buybacks, are nothing but manipulation of the stock market. So why are companies allowed to do them? Because of the 1980 election of Ronald Reagan as president on a platform of market deregulation. In November 1982, after Reagan had appointed Wall Street banker John Shad as chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the agency adopted Rule 10b-18, which permits a company to do buybacks that can amount to hundreds of millions of dollars per day, trading day after trading day, without fear of being charged with stock-price manipulation. Rule 10b-18, which remains in force 35 years later, is a license to loot the U.S. business corporation.
... snip ...

prior to rule "10b-18", such buybacks were illegal manipulation.

The Ugly Truth Behind Stock Buybacks
https://www.forbes.com/sites/aalsin/2017/02/28/shareholders-should-be-required-to-vote-on-stock-buybacks/#5036902c6b1e
For most of the 20th century, stock buybacks were deemed illegal because they were thought to be a form of stock market manipulation. But since 1982, when they were essentially legalized by the SEC, buybacks have become perhaps the most popular financial engineering tool in the C-Suite tool shed.
... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War
Date: 04 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War
https://thediplomat.com/2018/03/what-the-gulf-war-teaches-about-the-future-of-war/

issue about Iraq1. Only the last 100hrs of 42day Desert Storm (Iraq1) was land war. Several accounts of Iraq1 tank battles with coalition forces taking no damage, don't mention if the Iraqi tanks had anybody home. GAO desert storm air power report, has the desert storm air campaign so effective that Iraqis were walking away from their tanks (as sitting ducks).
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134

Burton account ... HBO turns into (dramatized) movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
also Burton and Pentagon Wars, Corrupt From Top to Bottom
http://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html
But the larger story Mr. Burton recounts is enormously sad. After spending 14 years at the Pentagon in the business of buying weapons, he concludes that it is "a corrupt business -- ethically and morally corrupt from top to bottom." The reform movement he championed has faded. A culture of deception persists at the Pentagon, he says, and his courageous jeremiad mourns the likelihood that this culture will triumph in the end.
... snip ...

Burton writes about getting A10 30mm shells down from nearly $100 to $13, one million were used in gulf war ... or $13M, hardly of any interest to the military-industrial complex

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Some speculation, for Iraq2, they learned from Iraq1 and would minimize targets for US superior air power. MIC wanted Iraq2 so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for (non-existent) WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (large artillery shells start showing up in IEDs).
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
https://www.usni.org/store/books/current-events/anatomy-failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

BYTE Magazine Pentomino Article

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: BYTE Magazine Pentomino Article
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Mar 2018 10:46:27 -0800
Andreas Kohlbach <ank@spamfence.net> writes:
Thanks for the update. Suppose if you'd still use them today (are they still used today?) they could also be exploited?

while 360/195 & 370/195 had out-of-order ... it didn't have speculative execution and stalled on conditional branches ... as a result, most ordinary codes only ran at half speed. I got con'ed into participating in hyperthreading project for 370/195 (that was never released) ... basically simulating two processor SMP (two i-streams some chance of keeping processor 100% busy) ... ref to hyperthread
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html
Sidebar: Multithreading

In summer 1968, Ed Sussenguth investigated making the ACS/360 into a multithreaded design by adding a second instruction counter and a second set of registers to the simulator. Instructions were tagged with an additional "red/blue" bit to designate the instruction stream and register set; and, as was expected, the utilization of the functional units increased since more independent instructions were available.

IBM patents and disclosures on multithreading include:

US Patent 3,728,692, J.W. Fennel, Jr., "Instruction selection in a two-program counter instruction unit," filed August 1971, and issued April 1973. US Patent 3,771,138, J.O. Celtruda, et al., "Apparatus and method for serializing instructions from two independent instruction streams," filed August 1971, and issued November 1973. [Note that John Earle is one of the inventors listed on the '138.] "Multiple instruction stream uniprocessor," IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, January 1976, 2pp. [for S/370]

... snip ...

the other issue, was that company was going to move everything to virtual memory ... post about decision to go virtual memory for everything
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

... and a virtual memory 370/195 would have been a completely new machine. Don't see IBM mainframe doing out-of-order really again until z196 (Jul2010, 50yrs later).

I've mentioned before San Jose Research had 370/195 running increasingly aging MVT system (almost 1980 before replaced with 168-3 & MVS). Job queue sometimes was 3month backlog.

Palo Alto Science Center had a program that ran 1hr on SJR 370/195 ... but only got turn around every three months. They had 370/145 running VM/370 and did some checkpointing for the application and started running offshift ... it took around month to complete a run ... but that was still better than the 3month turn around on SJR's machine.

Disk Division was doing air bearing simulation for design of thin film disk r/w heads (3370 fba) ... and even with expedited processing, it was only getting something like two week turn arounds.
http://www.computerhistory.org/storageengine/thin-film-heads-introduced-for-large-disks/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disk_read-and-write_head

Across the street in bldgs 14&15 ... they had dedicated mainframes for DASD engineering testcell testings ... stand alone time scheduled around the clock 7x24. I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail ... so they could operate on-demand, concurrent testing greatly improving productivity. bldg 15 would get early processor machine for testing ... and in late 70s got both early engineering 3033 & 4341 (something like third or fourth operational engineering machine). Turns out even with multiple concurrent testcell testing ... that only used one or two percent CPU. Setup so that air bearing simulation could run on bldg. 15 3033 ... and although had slightly less than half the throughput of 370/195 ... could still get a few turn arounds a day ... rather than turn around every couple weeks from the 370/195 (because the bldg 15 3033 otherwise had nearly unloaded CPU compared to weeks & months workload backlog for 370/195).

posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

over the weekend did series of google satellite maps of san jose plant site 1998-2017 (for retired IBM online group) ... shows whole lot of bldgs being plowed under between June 2007 and end of July ... but bldgs 13, 14, 15 continued to stand. Then bldgs 13 & 15 plowed under early 2014 ... but bldg 14 still stands.

Next round was 1st half 80s ... demand for computing greeatly outstripping traditional raised floor datacenters ... and saw loads of 4341s (& 3370 FBA disks) being placed out in departmental areas ... sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami ... some old 4341 related email from the period
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

saw huge spike in vm370 installations ... in part because POK favorite son mainframe operating system never supported FBA ... still doesn't, even though CKD disks haven't been made for decades, they still have requirement for CKD simulation ... on industry standard fixed-block disks. FBA/CKD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War
Date: 05 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#79 What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War

more on failures: "The Navy's New Fleet Problem Experiments and Stunning Revelations of Military Failure"
http://cimsec.org/the-navys-new-fleet-problem-experiments-and-stunning-revelations-of-military-failure/35626

early last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

posts mentioning WMD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

and tanks M1/Abrams

A relative 1st tour was 2004-2005 in Fallujah and 2nd tour was Baqubah, 2007-2008, described as much worse than Fallujah (but because administration said things were much better, it didn't get much coverage).
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-Way-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

loc5243-54:
I saw other Bradleys and M1 Abrams main battle tanks, the pride of the 1st Cavalry Division -- vehicles that, if back at Fort Hood, would be parked meticulously on line, tarps tied tight, gun barrels lined up, track line spotless, not so much as a drop of oil on the white cement. What I saw that day was row after row of mangled tan steel as if in a junkyard that belonged to Satan himself.
... snip ...

M1s were considered so vulnerable that they took to running the routes before taking M1 out for a drive.

a bunch about tanks on youtube
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5bytSjxUNOBW4FAfSCWLpA

M1 Abrams Tank Debacle
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB8D732D4D74C9FCC
The M1 Abrams tank series are is one of the must super-hyped armored fighting vehicles in history, but the only good features it has are distinguished only by costing more than in the M1's contemporaries... and there isn't a lot that's really good about it, either.
... snip ...

more recent Dare to Compare --- M1A2 Abrams SEP versus Vickers Mk.VII!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LFyAoOFUxSU&list=UU5bytSjxUNOBW4FAfSCWLpA

some others

Dare to Compare --- M1A2 Abrams SEP versus EE-T1 Osorio!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ItCWNDRbb2k&list=UU5bytSjxUNOBW4FAfSCWLpA
Dare to Compare --- M1A2 Abrams SEP versus Tiger II!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYKJ-jWIIFM&list=UU5bytSjxUNOBW4FAfSCWLpA
Dare to Compare --- M1A2 Abrams SEP versus AMX-30!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=31hK9ivAoHw&list=UU5bytSjxUNOBW4FAfSCWLpA
Dare to Compare --- M1A2 Abrams SEP versus Pz.68!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HGh5-kgSxsY&list=UU5bytSjxUNOBW4FAfSCWLpA
Dare to Compare --- M1A2 Abrams SEP versus Merkava Mk.III!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PNktsGcpUf0&list=UU5bytSjxUNOBW4FAfSCWLpA

Foklore: original Army Abrams appropriation turned out to be less than necessary for quantity discount. To get the numbers up for the quantity discount, they strong armed the marines to order enough to make up the difference. The problem is that the 65-70 ton weight of Abrams exceed the 35 ton load limit for 95% of marine mission profiles (effectively turning Marine tanks into adjunct for the Army).

Abrams designed for tank slug fest with Soviets in Germany. US spent large amount of money to upgrade German autobahn & bridge infrastructure to handle Abrams weight.

Latest Army is for 30 ton tank that can operate in urban and undeveloped areas and is IED resistant (Abrams flat bottom is very vulnerable)
https://www.armytimes.com/news/your-army/2018/01/01/new-in-2018-army-looks-to-add-a-light-tank-to-its-formations/
It must maneuver in narrow urban lanes, cross less sturdy bridges and get into mountainous areas so that infantry soldiers can rely on close, heavy firepower that they can't currently bring to the fight.
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
Date: 05 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/05/opinion/investor-class-pensions.html

some of the 90s articles were that wallstreet could make significant more from individual 401Ks that they were able to negotiate from the managers of large gov. & corporate pension funds.

the other approach last decade was part of being able to pay for triple-A ratings on securitized mortgages (even when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from congressional Oct2008 hearings into role that rating agencies played in the economic mess) and sell into bond market, including to those restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large gov/corporate pension funds). Triple-A ratings significantly contributed to being able to do over $27T (TRILLION!) 2001-2008.

(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-champions-of-the-401-k-lament-the-revolution-they-started-1483382348?mod=e2fb
401(k)s are retirement robbery
http://www.salon.com/2014/05/10/401ks_are_retirement_robbery_how_the_koch_brothers_wall_street_and_politicians_conspire_to_drain_social_security/

Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.
... snip ...

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
https://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-Economics-ebook/dp/B01B4X4KOS/

loc1200-1206:
There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.
... snip ...

The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds-ebook/dp/B01GI6S7EK/

goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky disproved Economists' assumption that people make rational decisions ... loc1155-59:
He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the people you know are idiots."
... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets 2002 Nobel Prize in economics, in part for debunking Friedman economic theories that assumed rational people.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman

Retirement Heist
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
Retirement Heist: How Companies Plunder and Profit from the Nest Eggs of American Workers
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
Date: 06 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/03/elizabeth-warren-slams-democrats-helping-gut-financial-regulations.html

note, that when they finally got around to Dodd-Frank ... it was already significantly watered down.

In 1999, I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess (wasn't successful). Then decade later in Jan2009 I was asked to put together a detailed analysis (some reference that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for a couple months and then got a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all (references to DC totally buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash). Every once and awhile somebody will ask if I would do tutorial on the economic mess for somebody's staff ... I usually tell them it is wishful thinking and nobody will actually schedule such a tutorial (so far I've been right). Pretty much take everything out of DC with grain of salt.

Every once and awhile local DC news (usually radio show on weekends) will refer to DC politics as Kabuki Theater ... everything you see publicly has little or nothing to do with what really is going on (somewhat like Roman circus obfuscation and distraction for the public). Recent 24jan2013 5yr old "memory" on my facebook timeline includes reference to some TV news commentator at 2013 Davos just making the Kabuki reference.

Dodd was listed as "friends of Mozilo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_.28FOA.29_VIP_program
the #1 person on times list of those responsibility for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

So some of the stuff that went on in Dodd-Frank were kneecapping provisions so they didn't actually do anything, making provisions horribly complex, convoluted, ambiguous so it would make actually implementation open to wide interpretation, and obviously unworkable provisions.

Scenarios included wallstreet lobbyists would provide draft text for Dodd-Frank provisions ... they would be included in the draft bill, the provisions would be leaked ... and then wallstreet would come out vehemently complaining about the provisions ... all part of discrediting the whole Dodd-Frank process.

economic mess posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
kabuki theater posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

dodd-frank posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#86 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#48 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#43 I don't work for IBM and I don't make promises I can't deliver on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#86 CISPA legislation seen by many as SOPA 2.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#12 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#56 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#48 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#71 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#73 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#45 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#150 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#102 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#69 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#73 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#8 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#10 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#58 Drafting of Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#78 More Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#15 BREAKING: Trump Announces Big Gift To Banks Despite His Campaign Rhetoric Against Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#41 Are We Nearing a Cyber Sarbanes-Oxley?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#13 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#48 Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#87 Dodd-Frank Was Designed to Fail - and Trump Will Make it Worse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#85 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#106 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#108 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#101 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#108 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#72 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#54 Testing Progressives, Centrist Dems Team Up with GOP to Deregulate Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#58 Wall Street Wants to Kill the Agency Protecting Americans From Financial Scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#64 Wages and Productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#60 Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HSDT, LSM, and EVE

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: HSDT, LSM, and EVE
Date: 06 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
bldg28 was 1st to have seismic retrofit ... with bldg adjacent to original bldg around the outside ... the original bldg had large steel hangers/braces to the new bldg. As a result, there was only a little use of temporary moving people into the bldg "61" portables (set of bldgs across the street, ten "trailers" tied together into single bldg, rather than "double wide" they were "ten wide").

bldg14 (one of the few still standing) seismic retrofit involved moving everybody to offsite bldg "86" ... two story bldg just south of main plant site.

Los Gatos had created the first VLSI chip design logic simulator, "LSM" (los gatos state machine) and there was later, larger "EVE" installed in bldg.86 ... at a time when the RIOS chip set (for RS/6000) was being done in Austin. Part of HSDT, we had three node TDMA satellite system with Los Gatos, Yorktown and Austin (4.5M dishes at Los Gatos and Yorktown and 7M dish next to bldg45 in Austin). Los Gatos had collins T3 digital radio to bldg12 (via repeater tower on hill above Los Gatos lab). There was also microwave between bldg 12 & bldg 86. High Speed connectivity was setup so Austin could send chip designs for frequent simulation checking. Claim was logic simulation help bring in the RIOS chipset a year early.

Note HSDT had T1 and higher speed links and some equipment was being built on the other side of the pacific. The friday before I was to do a visit the other side of the pacific, Raleigh set out announcement for a new "high-speed communication" internal online discussion group ... with the following definitions:


low-speed       <9.6kbits
medium-speed    19.2kbits
high-speed      56kbits
very high-speed 1.5mbits

Monday morning on the wall of a conference room on the other side of the pacific

low-speed       <20mbits
medium-speed    100mbits
high-speed      200-300mbits
very high-speed >600mbits

... snip ...

hsdt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
801/risc, Iliad, ROMP, RIOS, PC/RT, RS6000, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

past posts mentioning LSM &/or EVE:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#3 Chip Emulators - was How does a chip get designed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#55 Multics hardware (was Re: "Soul of a New Machine" Computer?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#77 Pipelining in the past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#82 Future architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#26 LSM, YSE, & EVE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#44 Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security Evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#31 asynchronous CPUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#3 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#14 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#38 When nerds were nerds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#16 US fiscal policy (Was: Bob Bemer, Computer Pioneer,Father of ASCII,Invento
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#25 CKD Disks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#65 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#6 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#33 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#17 Ethernet, Aloha and CSMA/CD -
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#29 IBM microwave application--early data communications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#42 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#11 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#73 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#61 Fast and Safe C Strings: User friendly C macros to Declare and use C Strings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#53 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#58 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#61 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#22 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#67 1401 simulator for OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#68 CA to IBM TCP Conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#68 Toyota Beats GM in Global Production
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#63 What happened to computer architecture (and comp.arch?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#71 using an FPGA to emulate a vintage computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#83 Notes on two presentations by Gordon Bell ca. 1998
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#52 Basic question about CPU instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#50 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#0 By Any Other Name
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#5 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#13 Looking for info on IBM ATMs - 2984, 3614, and 3624

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Next Battle Between States And The Feds Is Over Your Personal Data

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Next Battle Between States And The Feds Is Over Your Personal Data
Date: 08 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Next Battle Between States And The Feds Is Over Your Personal Data; As the fight over net neutrality rages on, states are reviving efforts to keep ISPs from harvesting customer data, with surprising political dynamics.
https://www.fastcompany.com/40537088/the-next-battle-between-states-and-the-feds-is-over-your-personal-data

We were brought in to help wordsmith cal. state legislation. They were working on "electronic signature", data breach notification, and "opt-in personal information sharing".

"Electronic signature" and data breach notification passed, but before "opt-in" passed, a (federal pre-emption state laws) "opt-out" was added to GLBA. "Opt-in" required institutions to have record of person agreeing to sharing information, "Opt-out" allowed sharing unless institution had record of person objecting to sharing information. At national annual privacy conference last decade with panel discussion with all the FTC commissioners and somebody asked them if they were going to do anything about "opt-out" personal information sharing. He said he was work for call center technology company used by most financial institutions and knew that their "opt-out" operations never made a record of people objecting to sharing their personal information. The FTC commissioners just ignored the question.

Data breach trivia: Some of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done detailed public surveys and found that #1 issue was fraudulent financial transactions as result of various kinds of breaches. At the time little or nothing was being done. An issue is that entities normally make security efforts in self-protection. The problem with breaches is that the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public. It was hoped that publicity as a result of the notifications would result in corrective security measures. Also note that since the cal. law, several other states have passed similar laws. Also numerous federal acts have been introduced about evenly divided to those similar to cal. law and those that would effectively eliminate notification required (many cleverly worded that notification is only required when large collection of different personal information is involved that effectively never occurs).

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#electronic.signature
data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
Date: 08 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
https://www.military.com/daily-news/2018/03/07/lawmakers-military-dont-buy-another-money-pit-f-35.html

F35 was designed as cost reduced bomb truck assuming F22 was flying cover to handle threats. F35 primarily focused on stealth from the front downward angle (i.e. enemy ground radar that was bomb target).

Comparison analysis of F35 with other planes
http://www.ausairpower.net/jsf.html
has analysis of F35 radar signature at different radar frequencies involving different angles and portions of the frame (lots to say about how cost reduced and compromised stealth compared to original design)
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html

NSA Details Chinese Cyber Theft of F-35, Military Secrets
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/nsa-details-chinese-cyber-theft-of-f-35-military-secrets/

they've been dancing through our classified networks for at least decade

FBI: Chinese hacker accessed gold mine of data on F-22, -35 and 32 U.S. military projects
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/jul/16/fbi-chinese-hacker-accessed-gold-mine-data-f-22-f-/

Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/

this is 2011 tutorial on radar (including military) but says it needs 3tflops for really advanced, which was beyond 2011 processing

2011 tutorial on DSP, FFT, Radar (part 3)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278838
STAP (part 4)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278878
SAR (part 5)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278931

latest (2016) international IEEE Radar conference, Guangzhou, China, papers
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?punumber=8051143

There are claims that digital signal processing by latest generation of digital signal processing chips can reduce the number of transmit/receive pairs in APG-77/79/81/83 by nearly two orders magnitude w/o loss of capability

significant advances in digital power and processing spurred by autonomous vehicles, but also useful for military radar (2017 320 t-ops/sec, 100 times 2011 reference).
https://www.fastcompany.com/40479260/nvidia-debuts-a-new-supercomputer-to-power-robotic-taxis-and-delivery-trucks

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent cyberdumb:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#86 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#51 Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#56 China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#44 Security Breach and Spilled Secrets Have Shaken the N.S.A. to Its Core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Where Is Everyone???

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Where Is Everyone???
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 10 Mar 2018 12:41:44 -0800
Charles Richmond <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
My news feed comes from Eternal-September. Lately there are few posts on <a.f.c>... so where did everyone disappear to??? :-)

google groups afc gets feed directly from usenet distribution and there are few there also
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/alt.folklore.computers

past couple days I've been having fun in IBM Retirees social media groups. One of the topics
https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6376872436641656832/
IBM is 21st Century proof that Milton Friedman was wrong. See what some great industrialists believed. University of California, Berkeley, Haas School of Business The University of Chicago Booth School of Business Chicago Booth Executive Education
... snip ...

it wasn't my original statement ... by author of (also recommending book before upcoming IBM stockholders meeting).
https://www.amazon.com/THINK-Again-Maximize-Shareholder-Value-ebook/dp/B074XKQ3B9/

However, some number of IBM retirees objected to besmirching Friedman's good name.

I was glad to bring up Kahneman (psychologist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman

getting 2002 Economics Nobel prize, in part for debunking Friedman's assumption about rational people/decision making that are at the basis of his Free/Efficient Market.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prospect_theory
Old item mentioning "Prospect Theory"
http://scienceblogs.com/cortex/2007/01/29/milton-friedman-and-the-ration/

recent Friedman posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#111 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Iraq war costs U.S. more than $2 trillion: study

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Iraq war costs U.S. more than $2 trillion: study
Date: 11 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
Iraq war costs U.S. more than $2 trillion: study
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iraq-war-anniversary-idUSBRE92D0PG20130314
The U.S. war in Iraq has cost $1.7 trillion with an additional $490 billion in benefits owed to war veterans, expenses that could grow to more than $6 trillion over the next four decades counting interest, a study released on Thursday said.
... snip ...

long-winded history ...

Military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Originally the invasion was justified on Iraq supporting Al Qaeda and it would only cost $50B (now heading for 100 times that). That was then changed to WMD. last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

much earlier, CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney). In the 80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs (includes picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The US destroyed Tokyo 73 years ago in the deadliest air raid in history

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The US destroyed Tokyo 73 years ago in the deadliest air raid in history
Date: 11 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
The US destroyed Tokyo 73 years ago in the deadliest air raid in history
http://www.businessinsider.com/73-years-ago-the-us-destroyed-tokyo-in-deadliest-air-raid-in-history-2018-3

Strategic 4engine heavy bombers had difficulty hitting target from 5-6 miles up, even with Norden sights. Example
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075

loc2582-85:
The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.
... snip ...

That possibly helps motivate change to firebombing cities (almost impossible to not start fire somewhere in a whole city). McNamara was LeMay's staff planning fire bombing German and Japanese cities, then left for the automobile industry after WW2, but came back as SECDEF for Vietnam where Laos becomes most bombed country in the world (more tonnage than Germany & Japan combined).

The Wars for Asia, 1911-1949,
https://www.amazon.com/Wars-Asia-1911-1949-S-Paine-ebook/dp/B0096R1NZ4/

loc4256-62:
When U.S. precision bombing of Japan proved ineffective, the new U.S. commander of the air war over Japan, "bombs-away" General Curtis E. LeMay, who took over on 19 January 1944, realized that Japan's cities filled with wooden housing and narrow streets made excellent tinder. Despite the shameless false advertising from air power buffs, precision bombing did not become technically feasible for nearly three decades, until late in the Vietnam War. In the meantime, civilian populations bore the brunt of bombing. The U.S. firebombing of Japan deliberately targeted civilians, who were the overwhelming majority of its victims. It proved brutally successful. During the night of 9–10 March 1945, firebombing destroyed sixteen square miles of central Tokyo, where the temperatures made the canals boil. More people died that night – an estimated eighty-four thousand – than were killed during the atomic bombing of Nagasaki.

loc4262-65:
Over the following ten days, firebombing destroyed the four next largest cities: Kobe, Nagoya, Osaka, and Yokohama. By the end of the war sixty-six Japanese cities lay in ruins, leaving 9.2 million homeless. Only Kyoto, Nara, and Kanazawa survived.159
... snip ...

American Reckoning: The Vietnam War and Our National Identity
https://www.amazon.com/American-Reckoning-Vietnam-National-Identity-ebook/dp/B00LFZ87LS/

loc1115-18:
In the final year of World War II, however, the United States carried out the most devastating air attacks in history—the firebombing of a handful of cities in Germany and sixty-seven in Japan, all of it followed by the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Robert McNamara, an aide to General Curtis LeMay, helped plan and analyze the firebombing.

loc1118-20:
In the 2003 documentary The Fog of War, McNamara recalled the firebombing of Tokyo on March 9, 1945: "In that single night, we burned to death a hundred thousand Japanese civilians in Tokyo—men, women, and children." After the war, General LeMay said to McNamara: "If we'd lost the war we'd all have been prosecuted as war criminals."
... snip ...

73 Years Ago Today: The Deadliest Air Raid in History, Operation Meetinghouse.
https://theaviationist.com/2018/03/09/73-years-ago-today-the-deadliest-air-raid-in-history-operation-meetinghouse/
Firebombs Over Tokyo
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2002/07/firebombs-over-tokyo/302547/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Scientists have established a link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Scientists have established a link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism
Date: 12 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
Scientists have established a link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism
https://www.rawstory.com/2018/03/scientists-established-link-brain-damage-religious-fundamentalism/

Many articles from May2017 on the subject.
https://www.sciencealert.com/damage-to-a-specific-part-of-the-brain-could-result-in-religious-fundamentalism
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/suffering-brain-injury-lesion-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-religious-beliefs-northwestern-a7722946.html

and earlier in 2017: Brain Tumor Triggers Woman's Sudden 'Hyper-Religious' Behavior
https://www.livescience.com/57901-brain-tumor-religious-behavior.html

Go back to May2011 ... nearly inverse .... seems to work both ways (what is cause and what is effect) "Religious Experiences Shrink Part of the Brain"
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/religious-experiences-shrink-part-of-brain/

From 2010: Selective brain damage modulates human spirituality, research reveals
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100210124757.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S&P accused of weakening ratings model to win business in landmark Australian lawsuit

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: S&P accused of weakening ratings model to win business in landmark Australian lawsuit
Date: 12 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
S&P accused of weakening ratings model to win business in landmark Australian lawsuit
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-australia-s-p/sp-accused-of-weakening-ratings-model-to-win-business-in-landmark-australian-lawsuit-idUSKCN1GO0PD

Congressional Oct2008 hearings into the pivotal role that the ratings agencies played in the economic mess had testimony that they sold triple-A ratings even when they knew they weren't worth triple-A. some (triple-A rated) toxic CDOs posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
economic mess posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Spring 2008, some investors were starting to realize that the rating agencies were selling triple-A and ratings might not be trusted .... freezing the muni-bond market. Warren Buffet steps in and starts offering insurance to unfreeze the market. some refs/posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#2 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#66 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#63 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#68 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#1 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#0 S&L Crisis and Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#31 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#82 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#78 The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#19 Banking; The Book That Will Save Banking From Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#80 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#27 Are We Nearing a Cyber Sarbanes-Oxley?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#81 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#36 Moody's Agrees to Settle Financial Crisis-Era Claims for $864 Million
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#7 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#8 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#2 The 1970s engineering recession

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Modern Politics of American Whistleblowing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Modern Politics of American Whistleblowing
Date: 13 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Modern Politics of American Whistleblowing
https://www.spj.org/whistleblower/the-modern-politics-of-american-whistleblowing.asp

There was joke about Sarbanes-Oxley (claims that it would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime) ... that it really was just full employment gift to the audit industry ... and possibly the only effective provision in SOX was the section for whistleblowers. During the Madoff hearings they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to try and get SEC to do something about Madoff. Part of his testimony that tips/whistleblowers turn up 13times more fraud than audits ... and the SEC didn't have a tip hotline, but had 1-800 number for companies to complain about audits.

enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some risk from last decade economic mess

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Some risk from last decade economic mess
Date: 14 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
Some risk from last decade economic mess, Dec2007, How Convential CDO Analytics Missed the Mark
http://www.kamakuraco.com/December202007PressRelease.aspx

spring 2008, some investors started to realize that triple-A ratings were for sale and it might not be possible to trust any ratings ... resulting in freezing the muni-bond market. Buffett then stepped in and starting offering insurance to unfreeze the market.
http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article3723.html

however, earlier article summer 2007, "Subprime = Triple-A ratings? or 'How to Lie with Statistics'" (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine) yhttps://web.archive.org/web/20071111031315/http://www.bloggingstocks.com/2007/07/25/subprime-triple-a-ratings-or-how-to-lie-with-statistics/

Sept 2008, Risk Managers were being blamed for poor calculations, but they were claiming that the business managers forced them to fiddle the inputs until came up with the desired results (garbage in, garbage out)
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/how-wall-streets-quants-lied-to-their-computers/

There was some press Jan2009 that the calculations to value TBTF toxic assets was going to be difficult. Actually 1) w/o supporting documents it was going to be impossible and 2) YE2008, just the four largest TBTF were still carrying $5.2T ... and only $700B TARP funds had been appropriated. From the law of unintended consequences, the largest fines so far for the economic mess has been for the robo-signing mills fabricating documents.

Triple-A rating eliminated any reason to have to care about borrower's qualification or loan quality because triple-A allowed to sell them off as fast as they could be made. "Skin in the game" includes at least .... they then realize they can design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A rating, sell to their customers and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad mortgages, now they cared about borrowers' qualifications).

Note that the largest holder of the these CDS gambling bets was AIG. AIG was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has AIG sign a document that they can't sue those making the bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face value. AIG was the largest recipient of TARP funds and the firm formally headed by SECTREAS was largest recipient of face-value payoffs.

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages, posterchild were office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.worth area than turned out to be empty lots. I was to improve the integrity of supporting documents as countermeasure. Then they find they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A rating (when the rating agencies know they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans ... and with no documentation, there is no longer an issue of documentation integrity. Triple-A ratings largerly enables being able to do over $27T 2001-2008 (including selling to operations restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments, like large institutional pension funds).

80s, former CIA director and then VP repeatedly claimed that he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 2.1M criminal referrals and 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
posts mentioning too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Old word processors

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Old word processors
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 16 Mar 2018 17:56:34 -0700
Andreas Kohlbach <ank@spamfence.net> writes:
I was writing a blog article about early word processors and spreadsheets <https://news-commentaries.blogspot.com/2018/03/history-of-wordprocessors-and-spread.html> but only covered early 8-Bit micros. Assuming Electric Pencil was the first while WordStar or SuperCalc (spreadsheet) only really became famous in the early days of the late 70s to early 80s.

I know that in offices before that era type writers were used, even if an IBM Selectric could ease the work. But they were hardware. They hadn't a display (monitor) to edit text and only when done print it out.

Still I wonder if big machines like some IBM 360/370 did not have word processors... By word processor I do not mean any text editor. A word processor should at least be able to wrap a word into the next line if it didn't fit into the current line. And had some markup for defining a bold or italic character and sub- and superscript.

Apparently the IBM MT/ST (Magnetic Tape/Selectric Typewriter) from 1964 would match that description which was used only with an IBM Selectric. But there should had been applications which would not depend on an external type writer rather than using a dedicated printer, no?


some of the CTSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
went to the 5th flr, 545 tech sq, to do MULTICS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics

and others went to the science center on the 4th floor and did virtual machines, online computing, internal network, computer performance, etc. As might be expected there was a little competition between the 4th & 5th flrs. One of my hobbies was developing & supporting enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters. It wasn't fair to compare the total number of VM customers to MULTICS or even the number of VM internal datacenters to MULTICS .... however I could compare the number of my "CSC/VM" internal datacenters ... which was more than the total number of all MULTICS installations (over its lifetime).

they initially did virtual machine CP/40 (& CMS) on 360/40 with hardware modifications supporting virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

CP/40 morphed into CP/67
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS
when 360/67 became available that came standard with virtual memory.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360-67

CMS had standard conversational editor. Also CTSS RUNOFF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TYPSET_and_RUNOFF
CTSS RUNOFF manual
http://web.mit.edu/Saltzer/www/publications/CC-244.html

was re-implemented on CMS as "script" & looked very much like CTSS RUNOFF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCRIPT_(markup)

At the univ. I added TTY/ASCII terminal support to CP/67 (existing 2741&1052 terminal support). Then I hacked os/360 HASP ... and added CRJE-like terminal support to HASP and editor that re-implemented the CMS editor systax from scratch.

In 1969 GML was invented at the science center ("G", "M", "L" chosen for the 1st letter from the inventors last name) and GML tag processing support added to CMS script. After a decade GML evolves into ISO international standard SGML.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_Generalized_Markup_Language
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml
After another decade SGML morphs into HTML at CERN.
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/
Waterloo script original derived from CMS script
http://csg.uwaterloo.ca/sdtp/watscr.html

Univ of Michigan implemented MTS for their 360/67 and wrote lots of their own online apps (like editors)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michigan_Terminal_System

Stanford implemented Orvyl for their 360/67
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ORVYL_and_WYLBUR
and the editor WYLBUR was later ported to VS2 and is still in some use.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ORVYL_and_WYLBUR#SuperWylbur%E2%84%A2

trivia: One of the guys on the 5th flr & MULTICS ... leaves for one of the CP67/CMS virtual machine commercial online service spinoffs from the science center (along with some of the CP67 people out at MIT Lincoln Labs) ... which fairly quickly moves up the value stream to specializing in offering online services and information to the financial industry. In the late 70s, he teams up with Bricklin to do Visicalc
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VisiCalc

IBM marketing CP/CMS, VM370/CMS, z/VM history
https://www-01.ibm.com/events/wwe/grp/grp019.nsf/vLookupPDFs/7%20-%20VM-45-JahreHistory-EA-J-Elliott%20%5BKompatibilit%C3%A4tsmodus%5D/$file/7%20-%20VM-45-JahreHistory-EA-J-Elliott%20%5BKompatibilit%C3%A4tsmodus%5D.pdf

science center, 545tech sq posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

other trivia: 1st web server in the US was at CERN's sister site, SLAC on their VM370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

even more trivia: one of the IBM SEs (system engineers) in the IBM LA branch office redid CMS script clone in the late 70s on trs80 and sold it on trs80 and other machines (wrote "NewScript" and "Allwrite!")

NewScript version 7, 1982 at wayback machine
https://archive.org/details/NewScript_v7.0_1982_Tesler_Software_Corporation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Return Of Haim Bodek - HFT's First Whistleblower

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Return Of Haim Bodek - HFT's First Whistleblower
Date: 16 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Return Of Haim Bodek - HFT's First Whistleblower
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-03-16/return-haim-bodek-hfts-first-whistleblower
We first wrote about Haim back in October 2012 in a post titled "Who is Haim Bodek?". Haim was the first whistleblower to expose how a major stock exchange (Direct Edge) created an order type (Hide Not Slide) that provided HFT firms with unfair advantages that propelled them to the exchanges' best prices at investors' expense.
... snip ...

whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

Bodek HFT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#40 The Wall Street Code: HFT Whisteblower Haim Bodek on Algorithmic Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#76 A Little More on the Computer

other past HFT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#44 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#13 Study links ultrafast machine trading with risk of crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#21 Study links ultrafast trading with risk of crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#86 The Dangers of High-Frequency Trading; Wall Street's Speed Freaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#44 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#7 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#2 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#29 Destructive Destruction? An Ecological Study of High Frequency Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#41 Computer Simulations Reveal Benefits of Random Investment Strategies Over Traditional Ones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#75 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#67 The End Of 'Orderly And Fair Markets'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#58 Traders Said to Rig Currency Rates to Profit Off Clients
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#59 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#89 FBI Finds Holes in System Protecting Economic Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#10 What Makes Infrastructure investment not bizarre
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#12 What Makes Infrastructure investment not bizarre
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#50 IBM Furloughs U.S. Hardware Employees to Reduce Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#16 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#53 Retirement Savings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#93 High Frequency Terrorism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#15 Boyd Blasphemy: Justifying the F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#54 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#82 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#43 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#56 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#65 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#7 N.Y. Barclays Libor Traders Said to Face U.K. Charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#93 New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#100 New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#18 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#60 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#71 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#72 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#3 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#20 HFT, computer trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#25 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#41 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#70 Obama Administration Launches Plan To Make An "Internet ID" A Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#1 HFT is harmful, say US market participants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#54 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#64 HFT is harmful, say US market participants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#107 The SEC's Mary Jo White Punts on High Frequency Trading and Abandons Securities Act of 1934
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#64 Dark Pool Greed Drove Barclays to Lie to Clients, N.Y. Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#106 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#132 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#26 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#36 IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#17 Robots have been running the US stock market, and the government is finally taking control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#58 Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#47 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#48 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#53 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#66 Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#23 It A "Liquidity Mirage": New York Fed Finally Grasps How Broken The Market Is Due To HFTs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#68 Eric Hunsader Explains To CNBC That "Markets Are Always Rigged"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#11 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#95 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#65 old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#18 Bundesbank Confirms HFTs Reduce Liquidity, Contribute To Flash Crashes, Withdraw At Times Of "Market Stress"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#10 Nasdaq asks SEC for speed bump to protect retail traders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#22 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#23 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#24 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#96 IBM Another Disappointment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#7 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#60 The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 5100

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 5100
Date: 16 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
IBM 5100
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5100
The IBM 5100 Portable Computer is a portable computer (one of the first) introduced in September 1975, six years before the IBM Personal Computer. It was the evolution of a prototype called the SCAMP (Special Computer APL Machine Portable) that was developed at the IBM Palo Alto Scientific Center in 1973.
... snip ...

Trivia: PASC also did the APL microcode assist for the 370/145 ... APL execution on 145 (& microcode assist) ran as fast as it did on 370/168 (w/o microcode assist).

23Jun1969 unbundling announcement started charging for software, SE services, other stuff. Part of SE training had been sort of journeyman/apprentice as part of large group at customer site. After unbundling they couldn't figure out how *NOT* how to charge for apprentice SEs at the customer site. They came up with HONE, Hands-On Network Experience (CP67 virtual machine online access from branch offices practicing with guest operating systems).

Cambridge Science Center had done the port of APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL. And HONE also started offering APL-based sales&marketing support applications on HONE. The APL-based sales & marketing applications came to dominate all HONE activity (and the guest operating host use evaporated). In the mid-70s, the US HONE datacenters were all consolidated in Silicon Valley across the back parking lot from PASC ... and was the largest APL use in the world (trivia: when FACEBOOK first moved into Silicon Valley, it was into new bldg built next door to the old US HONE consolidated datacenter).

After joining IBM, one of my hobbies was developing and supporting enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer (spent a lot of time at the earlier US HONE datacenters, primarily 1133 & Wilshire/LA and then spent a lot of time at PASC & HONE in Palo Alto).

HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

past ibm 5100 &/or SCAMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#69 APL on PalmOS ???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#70 APL on PalmOS ???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#15 APL version in IBM 5100 (Was: Resurrecting the IBM 1130)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#24 A question for you old guys -- IBM 1130 information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#46 A new "Remember when?" period happening right now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#45 First OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#56 Why SMP at all anymore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#71 Z/90, S/390, 370/ESA (slightly off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#39 IBM 5100 [Was: First DESKTOP Unix Box?]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#43 IBM 5100 [Was: First DESKTOP Unix Box?]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#45 IBM 5100 [Was: First DESKTOP Unix Box?]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#47 IBM 5100 [Was: First DESKTOP Unix Box?]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#79 IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#82 IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#84 IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#0 IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#6 The IBM 5100 and John Titor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#8 The IBM 5100 and John Titor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#8 IBM operating systems and APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#40 Microprocessor History Site
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#32 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#44 John Titor was right? IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#12 Moving assembler programs above the line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#2 IBM 5100 luggable computer with APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#3 IBM 5100 luggable computer with APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#50 winscape?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#53 Is computer history taugh now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#54 Is computer history taugh now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#64 Is computer history taugh now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#42 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#10 For the History buff's an IBM 5150 pc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#28 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#35 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#36 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#54 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#80 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#83 Notes on two presentations by Gordon Bell ca. 1998
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#77 IBM 5100 First Portable Computer commercial 1977
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#11 IBM 5100 First Portable Computer commercial 1977
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#13 IBM 5100 First Portable Computer commercial 1977
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#33 System/3--IBM compilers (languages) available?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#59 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#58 Collection of APL documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#53 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#54 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck? (Part One)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#55 Architecture / Instruction Set / Language co-design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#48 Opcode X'A0'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#100 Indirect Bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#79 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#44 Lisp machines, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#14 Tech Time Warp of the Week: The 50-Pound Portable PC, 1977
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#21 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#82 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#11 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#82 One day, a computer will fit on a desk (1974) - YouTube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#5 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#20 IBM 8150?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#42 John Titor was right? IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#44 John Titor was right? IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#46 John Titor was right? IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#52 The Stack Depth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#34 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#66 just what is micro-code anyway?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#7 SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#9 SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#97 The evolution of the laptop computer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

10 years after the financial crisis, have we learned anything?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 10 years after the financial crisis, have we learned anything?
Date: 17 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
10 years after the financial crisis, have we learned anything?
http://money.cnn.com/2018/03/16/news/economy/financial-crisis-10-years/index.html

In 1999 I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess. A decade later, Jan2009 I was asked to prepare a detailed analysis of what went on in the economic mess (some reference that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for some time and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (some reference to washington was totally buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).

economic mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Cambridge Analytica scandal is what Facebook-powered election cheating looks like:

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Cambridge Analytica scandal is what Facebook-powered election cheating looks like:
Date: 17 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Cambridge Analytica scandal is what Facebook-powered election cheating looks like:
https://slate.com/technology/2018/03/the-cambridge-analytica-scandal-is-what-facebook-powered-election-cheating-looks-like.html
Trump campaign consultant took data about millions of users without their knowledge
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/trump-campaign-consultant-took-data-about-millions-of-users-without-their-knowledge/2018/03/17/bab541f4-2a18-11e8-ab19-06a445a08c94_story.html
Facebook suspends the Trump campaign's data mining firm, amid revelations of a major data breach
https://www.technologyreview.com/the-download/610567/facebook-suspends-the-trump-campaigns-data-mining-firm-amid-revelations-of-a/
How Trump Consultants Exploited the Facebook Data of Millions
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/17/us/politics/cambridge-analytica-trump-campaign.html
Revealed: 50 million Facebook profiles harvested for Cambridge Analytica in major data breach
https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/mar/17/cambridge-analytica-facebook-influence-us-election
Trump-linked data firm Cambridge Analytica harvested data on 50 million Facebook profiles to help target voters
http://www.zdnet.com/article/facebook-suspends-analytics-firm-that-helped-trump-campaign/
Cambridge Analytica whistleblower: 'We spent $1m harvesting millions of Facebook profiles'
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/video/2018/mar/17/cambridge-analytica-whistleblower-we-spent-1m-harvesting-millions-of-facebook-profiles-video
Facebook suspended Donald Trump's data operations team for misusing people's personal information
https://www.theverge.com/2018/3/16/17132172/facebook-cambridge-analytica-suspended-donald-trump-strategic-communication-laboratories
Cambridge Analytica, the shady data firm that might be a key Trump-Russia link, explained
https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/10/16/15657512/cambridge-analytica-mccabe-facebook-aleksandr-kogan-trump-russia
Facebook bans Trump-linked campaign data firm Cambridge Analytica
https://www.cnet.com/news/facebook-bans-trump-linked-campaign-data-firm-cambridge-analytica/
Facebook suspends Trump-connected data analytics firm
https://www.fastcompany.com/40545979/facebook-suspends-trump-connected-data-analytics-firm
How Cambridge Analytica turned Facebook 'likes' into a lucrative political tool
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/mar/17/facebook-cambridge-analytica-kogan-data-algorithm
Trump-linked firm obtained data of 50M Facebook users
https://www.cnet.com/news/50m-facebook-profiles-obtained-by-trump-linked-firm-cambridge-analytica/
Facebook, Cambridge Analytica and Trump: What you need to know (FAQ)
https://www.cnet.com/news/facebook-cambridge-analytica-and-trump-what-you-need-to-know/
Cambridge Analytica: links to Moscow oil firm and St Petersburg university
https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/mar/17/cambridge-academic-trawling-facebook-had-links-to-russian-university
How the System Got Trumped: Cambridge Analytica's Electoral Psyops
https://www.counterpunch.org/2018/01/05/how-the-system-got-trumped-cambridge-analyticas-electoral-psyops-campaign/

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 5100

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 5100
Date: 18 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#96 IBM 5100

Part of port of APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL was expanding workspace size to virtual memory size (typical APL\360 workspace was 16kbytes, sometimes 32kbytes) and providing API to system services (read/write files, etc) ... enabling many real-world applications. Cambridge also opened its online CP67/CMS services to internal IBM locations as well as students, staff, professors at institutions of higher learning in Boston/Cambridge area.

One of the remote online customers was business planners in Armonk, who loaded the most sensitive & classified corporate data on the system (detailed customer information). As a result, Cambridge system had to have very high level of security ... especially with all the non-IBMers regularly using the same system. I partially blame this for when IBM got a new CSO (use to be head of presidential detail, knew physical security), I got assigned to run around with him some and talk about computer security.

Note cambridge took a lot of criticism for the way it did the CMS\APL system services API ... being "non-APL" ... this was eventually replaced later with an "approved" paradigm using "shared variables".

HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

triva: before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer, there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before cp/m, kildall worked on cp67/cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg (over the hill from silicon valley)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School
cp67/cms (aka precursor to vm/370)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
before cp67/cms ... there was virtual machine, interactive computing cp/40
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt
at the IBM science center, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

more trivia: before IBM/PC (Acorn) is announced, there was an internal IBM group in silicon valley developing software for IBM/PC. Every month or so the group would verify with Boca that they weren't interested in doing software. Then at some point, Boca changes its mind and says that if members of the group wanted to work on IBM/PC software, they had to move to Boca.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Old word processors

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Old word processors
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 18 Mar 2018 11:48:01 -0700
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
The IBM Displaywriter was IBM's CRT word processor, and came out in 1982. According to an IBM website, "A system of three displays sharing a single higher speed printer and a paper handler sold for $26,185 and leased for $845 a month." (That's $67,555 and $2180 in 2018 dollars. Granted, it's for 3 workstations sharing a printer.)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#94 Old word processors

followon to displaywriter was going to be 801/ROMP running CP.r written in PL.8 (they had something like 200 people working on it in Austin). the followon is canceled (plausibly because people moving to IBM/PCs). They then decide to retarget to the unix workstation market and get the company that did AT&T unix port to IBM/PC for PC/IX to do a port to 801/romp. This is then announced as PC/RT with AIX.

The followon to romp is rios for the RS/6000. The group also cuts a deal with wang
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Laboratories
typsetters, linasec, 1964
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Laboratories#Typesetters
word processors (including wang 1200, 1972)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Laboratories#Word_processors

one of the executives we worked with in RS/6000 (and HA/CMP) went over to the wang effort in new england.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Laboratories#Decline_and_fall
In June 1991, Wang started reselling IBM computers, in exchange for IBM investing in Wang stock. Wang hardware strategy to re-sell IBM RS/6000s also included further pursuit of UNIX software.
... snip ...

801, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power/pc, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began
Date: 19 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began
http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/03/19/iraq-war-continues-to-divide-u-s-public-15-years-after-it-began/

Military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (large artillery shells later show up in IEDs)
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Originally the invasion was justified on Iraq supporting Al Qaeda and it would only cost $50B (now heading for 100 times that). That was then changed to WMD. last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommissioned WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

much earlier, CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney). In the 80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs (includes picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Iraq war costs U.S. more than $2 trillion: study
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iraq-war-anniversary-idUSBRE92D0PG20130314

The U.S. war in Iraq has cost $1.7 trillion with an additional $490 billion in benefits owed to war veterans, expenses that could grow to more than $6 trillion over the next four decades counting interest, a study released on Thursday said.

... snip ...

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hidden History of How US Corporations Gained Legal Personhood and Civil Rights

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Hidden History of How US Corporations Gained Legal Personhood and Civil Rights
Date: 19 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
Hidden History of How US Corporations Gained Legal Personhood and Civil Rights
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/03/hidden-history-u-s-corporations-gained-legal-personhood-civil-rights.html

Griftopia had chapter on how CFTC had provision that only those with significant position could play in commodities because speculators created wild irrational price swings. Then there were 19 secret letters that went to specific speculators allowing them to play, resulting in the wild irrational price swings, including oi/gas spike summer of 2008.

Later a member of congress published the transactions showing corporation behind the oil/gas spike summer of 2008. Press then vilified the member of congress for violating corporate privacy.

griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Old word processors

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Old word processors
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 19 Mar 2018 10:54:52 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
The IBM PC was from 1981; before it, the Apple ][, CP/M systems, and 8-bit home computers like the Commodore 64, the Atari 400, and the Radio Shack TRS-80 were popular. The microcomputer era, at least in wealthy North America, started even earlier, around 1977 with the Altair 8800.

There were even earlier microprocessor-based computers, like the 8008-based Mark-8, but they received only very limited attention.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#94 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#100 Old word processors

old posts with article with market share graphs, 75-80, 80-84, 84-87
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#63 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#76 Why Didn't Digital Catch the Wave?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#5 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#68 The Rise and Fall of Commodore

Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars

and has graph of personal computer sales 1975-1980
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/3

and graph from 1980 to 1984 ... with the only serious competitor to PC in number of sales was commodore 64
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/4

and then from 1984 to 1987 the ibm pc (and clones) starting to completely swamp
http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars/5

....

then 87-90
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/6/
90-94
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/7/
94-2001
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/8/
2001-2004
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/9/

the 75-80 graph
https://arstechnica.com/features/2005/12/total-share/3/

shows trs80 starting 75 and dominates through 1980.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

AW: mainframe distribution

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: AW: mainframe distribution
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 19 Mar 2018 12:45:21 -0700
mike@BEER.AT (Mike Beer) writes:

https://www-03.ibm.com/systems/z/os/zvse/about/history1970s.html


Endicott told me there was 6kbytes available for assist microcode ... I was to identify the highest used code paths in the vm370 kernel for replication in microcode. (standard 370 kernel instructions translated on about byte-for-byte basis)

the low & mid-range 370 native (vertical) microcode emulated 370 on about 10:1 basis ... so instructions moved from 370 to native code got approx. 10:1 speedup.

old post with times I did of vm370 kernel for selecting 6k bytes of code segments for dropping into "ECPS" microcode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

6kbyte cutoff accounted for 79.55% of kernel execution ... gets a 10:1 speedup.

At the same time there was VS1 handshaking that bypassed certain VS1 processes and left it to VM370 ... resulting in VS1 under VM370 ran faster than stand alone on the bare machine.

Endicott then tried to get corporate approval to preinstall vm370 on every 138&148 shipped from the factory (sort of like LPARs today). However, this is in the period after Future System implosion and mad rush to get 370 products back into the IBM product pipeline. POK kicked off 3033 & 3081 in parallel and convinced corporate to kill the vm370 product, shutdown the vm370 development group and move all the people to POK to work on MVS/XA (or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't be able to ship on schedule). Endicott managed to save the VM370 product mission ... but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch ... but wasn't able to convince corporate to allow vm370 to be preinstalled on every 138&148.

Note since DOS/VS and VS/1 were single virtual address space (something like original VS2, SVS) ... E-architecture dropped the single virtual address table into microcode ... and there were new hardware instructions to add&remove the virtual->real address page mapping. VM370 always ran in 370 mode supporting multiple address spaces.

4341 caused lots of problems for POK ... it performed better than 3031 (erzats 158) and small cluster of 4341s outperformed 3033, cost much less than 3033, had smaller footprint and used much less environmentals.

In 1979, I got con'ed into doing 4341 benchmarks for LLNL that was looking at getting 70 4341s for compute farm ... sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing (and cloud megadatacenter) tsunami.

It was so threatening to highend mainframes, at one point, head of POK got allocation of critical 4341 manufacturing component cut in half.

The price, environmentals & footprint for 4300s & FBA disks had dropped so far, that corporations started ordering large hundreds at a time for placing out in departmental areas (inside IBM it resulted in conference rooms becoming scarce commodity) ... sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami.

Boeblingen lab had done 370 115&125 ... which was a nine position memory bus for up to nine microprocessers ... for the 115, all microprocessors (controllers, 370 "cpu", etc) were the same but with different microcode loads. The 125 was identical to 115, but the microprocessor for the 370 "cpu" was 50% faster (than the other microprocessors). This design/implementation was so threatening to other 370 models, the got corporate to discipline Boeblingen.

5-way SMP 125 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce

At the same time that Endicott con'ed me into working on ECPS microcode assist (for 138/148), I got con'ed into doing 125 design/implementation which would have up to five of the faster CPU processors all in the same machine (with four positions left for controllers). In same ways it was as threatening to Endicott 148 as 4341 clusters was threatening to 3033. In the escalation meetings by Endicott to kill five processor 125, I was expected to do the technical arguments for both sides (pro/con 148+ECPS and pro/con for 5-way 125)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CIA Caught Between Operational Security and Analytical Quality In 1953 Iran Coup Planning

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CIA Caught Between Operational Security and Analytical Quality In 1953 Iran Coup Planning
Date: 19 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
CIA Caught Between Operational Security and Analytical Quality In 1953 Iran Coup Planning
https://unredacted.com/2018/03/19/cia-caught-between-operational-security-and-analytical-quality-in-1953-iran-coup-planning/

There was joke at the agency about analysts being treated like mushrooms, kept in the dark and fed sh*t

Agency was active member of (IBM user group) SHARE, including using IBM virtual machine based systems since the 60s
https://www.share.org/
SHARE member/installation code were three letters, rather than the obvious "Christians In Action" ... theirs was "Cloak And Dagger". Note TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
started offering their virtual machine CMS-based online computer conferencing system "free" to SHARE starting in Aug1976. Archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
for example
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse?fn=OVER10K&ft=MEMO

posts mentioning 1953 Iran Coup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#11 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#72 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#78 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#102 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#21 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#20 Jeff Sessions set to show his steel on white-collar crime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#39 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#72 A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#33 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#59 Breaking: Entire Nation Experiencing Collective Amnesia About Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#97 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#99 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#104 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#16 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why so many 6s and 8s in the 70s?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Why so many 6s and 8s in the 70s?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 19 Mar 2018 21:11:36 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
I remember seeing printouts from a 2780 RJE station, whose print mechanism was (IIRC) basically a 1443. They were quite crisp and clear. The printer was much slower than a 1403, though.

1443 had bar that moved back and forth ... 150 lines/min ... this doesn't actually show 1443 printer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_1443

univ. 360/67, running as 360/65 with MFT (up through release 14) and then MVT (starting with release 15/16, combined release). Eventually was typing so much on 1052-7 operator's console ... that they got a 1443 for all operator's console output ... and then selected subset for 1052-7.

wiki page has URL for 1443 document at bitsavers
http://bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/1620/A26-5730-2_1443_printer_for_1620.pdf

shows 1443 "flying type bar" at computer history museum
http://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102640497

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#42 40th anniversary of IBM System/360 on 7 Apr 2004
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#44 who were the original fortran installations?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#21 MVCIN instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#34 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#55 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#38 Paper tape (was Re: Hidden Figures)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It
Date: 19 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#33 How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#48 How DARPA, The Secretive Agency That Invented The Internet, Is Working To Reinvent It

part of the initial NSFnet announce and before it turns into the NSFNET backbone before all the regional networks had connected in (precursor to modern internet):


Preliminary Announcement: 3/28/86
_________________________

PROGRAM ANNOUNCEMENT

CONNECTIONS TO NSF'S NATIONAL SUPERCOMPUTER ACCESS NETWORK - (NSFnet)

NETWORKING PROGRAM

INTRODUCTION
____________

The National Science Foundation established the Office of Advanced
Scientific Computing (OASC) in response to the concern that academic
research has been severely constrained by the lack of access to
advanced computing facilites. Several reports found that advanced
computers have become an important resource in making new discoveries;
that there is an immediate need to make supercomputers available to US
researchers; and that computer networks are required to link
researchers to supercomputers and to each other.

... snip ...

full announcement in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
NSFNET email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began
Date: 21 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#101 The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began

also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#88 Iraq war costs U.S. more than $2 trillion: study

and ...

One Morning in Baghdad
https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/03/iraq-war-anniversary/555983/
Fifteen years after the U.S. invasion, there's no satisfying answer to the question: What were we doing in Iraq anyway?
... snip ...

also

The Iraq War and the Inevitability of Ignorance
http://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2018/03/iraq-war-and-inevitability-ignorance/146794/

Griftopia had chapter on how CFTC had provision that only those with significant position could play in commodities because speculators created wild irrational price swings. Then there were 19 secret letters that went to specific speculators allowing them to play, resulting in the wild irrational price swings, including oil/gas spike summer of 2008.

Later a member of congress published the transactions showing corporation behind the oil/gas spike summer of 2008. Press then vilified the member of congress for violating corporate privacy.

early last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

MIC wanted Iraq2 so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for (non-existent) WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (large artillery shells start showing up in IEDs).
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney). In the 80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs (includes picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them (also references oil rig company that was transformed into one of the largest defense contractors after former SECDEF and future VP becomes CEO, including no-bid contracts in Iraq)
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/

There has been opinion that they learned from Iraq1/desert storm ... to minimize exposure to US air power. Iraq1, only the last 100hrs of 42day Desert Storm (Iraq1) was land war. Several accounts of Iraq1 tank battles with coalition forces taking no damage, don't mention if the Iraqi tanks had anybody home. GAO desert storm air power report, has the desert storm air campaign so effective that Iraqis were walking away from their tanks (as sitting ducks).
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134

How They Sold the Iraq War
https://www.counterpunch.org/2018/03/20/how-they-sold-the-iraq-war/
The Iraq War and the Inevitability of Ignorance
http://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2018/03/iraq-war-and-inevitability-ignorance/146794/
15 Years in Iraq: A Shameful Anniversary
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/15-years-in-iraq-a-shameful-anniversary/
Fifteen years after the start of the Iraq war, the U.S. is at war in at least seven countries.
https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2018/03/fifteen-years-after-the-start-of-the-iraq-war-the-u-s-is-at-war-in-at-least-seven-countries.html
Washington's Invasion of Iraq at Fifteen
https://www.counterpunch.org/2018/03/20/washingtons-invasion-of-iraq-at-fifteen/
Taibbi: The Legacy of the Iraq War
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/taibbi-the-legacy-of-the-iraq-war-w518193

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia
team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Old word processors

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Old word processors
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2018 15:47:21 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
AIX is a form of UNIX.

Z/OS is derived from MVS. It may be POSIX-compliant, but so is Windows, and Windows is not UNIX either.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#94 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#100 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#103 Old word processors

There had been a number of AIXs.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_AIX

When the austin displaywriter followon was canceled (ROMP, 801/risc), the decided to get company that did AT&T unix port for IBM/PC (that was sold as PC/IX) to do one for ROMP ... which was announced as AIX with PC/RT (workstation).

The palo alto group was doing BSD port to mainframe ... but then got redirected to port to ROMP (PC/RT) instead ... which was announced as AOS.

801/risc, romp, rios, power/pc, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

The palo alto group was also working with UCLA on Locus (another UNIX work-alike).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOCUS_(operating_system)

it was eventually announce as AIX/370 and AIX/386 ... and supported both distributed file system as well as distributed processing as well as processor migration (even across dissimilar architectures under some constraints).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_AIX#IBM_PS/2_series
and (some details garbled)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_AIX#IBM_mainframes

The original POSIX support in MVS was funded by GPD (disk division, renamed adstar) VP of software ... it was part of strategy to get around problems with communication group. periodically repeated story:

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer group a talk scheduled at internal, world-wide, annual, communication group conference ... supposedly on 3174 performance ... however he opened his talk with the statement that the head of the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server, trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms with fall in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to address the opportunity, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. The datacenter stranglehold wasn't just affecting disk sales and a few years later the company goes into the red.

communication group & dumb terminal posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

gpd/adstar executive was funding (non-IBM) startups for distributed computing projects that would use IBM disks (since they technically weren't IBM products and therefor not subject to communication group veto) ... as well as developing POSIX support on MVS ( communication group couldn't veto POSIX, since it didn't involve anything that crossed datacenter walls).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began
Date: 21 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#88 Iraq war costs U.S. more than $2 trillion: study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#101 The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#108 The Iraq War continues to divide the U.S. public, 15 years after it began

Taibbi: The Legacy of the Iraq War
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/taibbi-the-legacy-of-the-iraq-war-w518193

... and petro dollar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#68 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#73 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

references to protecting petrodollar at heart of conflicts

Petro-dollar at heart of wars
https://www.irishexaminer.com/viewpoints/yourview/petro-dollar-at-heart-of-wars-374398.html
Libya: All About Oil Or All About Banking?
http://www.businessinsider.com/libya-all-about-oil-or-all-about-banking-2011-4
The Sanctions of Mass Destruction
https://www.counterpunch.org/2015/02/03/the-sanctions-of-mass-destruction/
Are The Middle East Wars Really About Forcing the World Into Dollars and Private Central Banking?
https://www.zerohedge.com/contributed/are-middle-east-wars-really-about-forcing-world-dollars-and-private-central-banking
Libya all about oil, or central banking?
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/MD14Ak02.html
The Libyan War, American Power and the Decline of the Petrodollar System
http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/842:the-libyan-war-american-power-and-the-decline-of-the-petrodollar-system
The Real Reason Russia is Demonized and Sanctioned: the American Petrodollar
https://www.globalresearch.ca/the-real-reason-russia-is-demonized-and-sanctioned-the-american-petrodollar/5402592

but in Iraq2 case, it could also be the confluence of lots of other interests ... including the perpetual war folks

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Didn't we have this some time ago on some SLED disks? Multi-actuator

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Didn't we have this some time ago on some SLED disks? Multi-actuator
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 22 Mar 2018 12:24:01 -0700
john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:

https://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/12/19/seagate_disk_drive_multi_actuator/


latest from yesterday ...

Seagate's HAMR to drop in 2020: Multi-actuator disk drives on the way Fast and slow high-cap disk lines coming
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/03/21/seagate_to_drop_multiactuator_hamr_in_2020/

trivia: original 3380 had 20 track widths between each data track, "double density" cut spacing between data tracks to 10 track widths, and then was cut again for triple density.

in the mid-80s there was work on veritical recording (higher bit density) and about the same time the "father of risc" gets me involved in his idea for wide disk head ... basically handle 16 (adjacent) data tracks with servo track on each side. disk formated servo track followed by 16 data tracks (followed by another servo track and 16 more data tracks). This would read/write 16 tracks in parallel ... something like the old 2301 drum that read/write four data tracks in parallel.

For the 2301 drum it met (four times 2303 300kbyte/sec) 1.2mbyte/sec transfer ... which 1.5mbyte channels could handle. The problem for wide-head was 16 data tracks in parallel, each at 3mbytes/sec resulted in 48mbytes/sec transfer ... which no mainframe channel could handle ... even the introduction of ESCON in 1990 was only 17mbyte/sec.

In 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were playing with which quickly becomes fibre channel standard and started out handling 100mbyts/sec concurrently in both directions (200mbytes/sec aggregate) ... but mainframe FICON protocol built on fibre channel didn't come along until much later (and heavy weight FICON protocol drastically reduced the native fibre channel throughput).

FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer in blgs 14 (disk engineering) and 15 (disk product test)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How China Pushes the Limits on Military Technology Transfer

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How China Pushes the Limits on Military Technology Transfer
Date: 23 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
How China Pushes the Limits on Military Technology Transfer
https://www.wsj.com/articles/how-china-pushes-the-limits-on-military-technology-transfer-1521068465

from year ago "memories"

5 reasons why China will rule tech, 2017 edition; As the U.S. retreats, China's plans to lead in science, computing, semiconductors, research and development, and clean energy
https://www.infoworld.com/article/3183444/technology-business/5-reasons-why-china-will-rule-tech-2017-edition.html

which is an update on 2010:

Five reasons why China will rule tech; Recent development points to growing concern in Washington about China's tech moves, but here's why it may be unstoppable
https://www.computerworld.com/article/2518910/it-management/five-reasons-why-china-will-rule-tech.html

from today:

China to become top patent filer within three years: UN
https://phys.org/news/2018-03-china-patent-filer-years.html
Two China-based telecoms companies topped the global ranking last year: Huawei Technologies, which filed 4,024 patents, and ZTE Corporation, which filed 2,965.

They were followed by Intel Corporation of the United States, with 2,637 patents and Mitsubishi Electric Corporation of Japan, with 2,521.

... snip ...

from 23mar2015 memories

IBM to share technology with China in strategy shift: CEO
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-tech-ibm/ibm-to-share-technology-with-china-in-strategy-shift-ceo-idUSKBN0MJ14X20150323

going back further ...

after leaving as IBM CEO, former AMEX president heads up large private-equity company that will buy the beltway bandit that will employ snowden
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster.
... snip ..

other trivia from above ... mentions "KKR" & "RJR" ... AMEX had been in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR, KKR wins but runs into some problems ... and hires away AMEX president to help turn it around
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

before leaving for IBM CEO ... using some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

posts mentioning private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
former amex president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

... outsourcing, in intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people (highlights Carlyle, its beltway bandit, and Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
which contributes to the acceleration of the success of failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

make much more money from series of failures as well as cut corners every way possible as part of generating profit, especially private-equity owned companies that are under enormous pressure to forward money to their owners.

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

we were brought in to help word-smith cal. state legislation. At the time, they were working on electronic signature, data breach notification, and opt-in personal information sharing (companies can't share your information unless they have explicit authorization).

In public privacy surveys, #1 issue was fraudulent financial transactions as result of stolen personal information & data breaches. There was little or nothing being done about this. The issue is that entities take security measures in self-protection. In the case of data breaches, it wasn't the institutions at risk, it was the public. It was hoped that publicity from the notifications might motivate corrective action.

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

Something similar with the military-industrial complex and the perpetual war forces.

Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb; Got to get educated before we can defeat Internet threats
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/30a00a8d29ad
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html

they have little or no penalty for the breaches ... and higher threat opponents motivates larger appropriations

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

San Diego Sues Experian Over ID Theft Service

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: San Diego Sues Experian Over ID Theft Service
Date: 24 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
San Diego Sues Experian Over ID Theft Service
https://krebsonsecurity.com/2018/03/san-diego-sues-experian-over-id-theft-service/

we were brought in to help wordsmith cal. state legislation, at the time they were doing the electronic signature act, data breach notification act and "opt-in" privacy sharing act.

Some of those involved had done detailed, in-depth public surveys and the #1 issue was identity theft involving fraudulent financial transactions ... mostly as a result of various kinds of data breaches. The issue was that little or nothing was being done about them and it was hoped that publicity from the notifications would result in corrective action. The problem turns out that most entities take security measures in self-protection ... however in the case of these breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the publiic (and so there was no self-interest to do something about it).

posts mentioning data breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
Date: 24 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault; In a court hearing in San Francisco, oil companies publicly backed the science of climate change
https://www.theverge.com/2018/3/22/17151532/climate-tutorial-san-francisco-oakland-lawsuits-judge-alsup-chevron-exxon

If climate change wrecks your city, can it sue Exxon?; Scientists can now link disasters to climate change, opening the door to lawsuits against fossil fuel companies
https://www.theverge.com/2018/2/20/17031676/climate-change-lawsuits-fossil-fuel-new-york-santa-cruz

In court, oil companies accept climate science but rewrite its history; Federal judge's "tutorial" hearing sets stage for case on companies' liability.
https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/03/in-court-oil-companies-accept-climate-science-but-rewrite-its-history/

The Climate Is Changing For Climate Skeptics; As climate litigation heats up, a judge's climate science tutorial puts the fossil fuel industry in an awkward position with the science deniers it once funded.
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/climate-change-trial-california_us_5ab53d0ce4b054d118e2a0d9

Exxon Agrees to Disclose Climate Risks Under Pressure from Investors; In an SEC filing, the oil giant dropped its opposition to a shareholder demand for disclosure. Exxon also faces climate fraud investigations by two states.
https://insideclimatenews.org/news/12122017/exxon-climate-risk-disclosure-sec-shareholder-investigation-pressure

Exxon Climate
https://insideclimatenews.org/tags/exxon-climate-change-investigation

Merchants of Doubt; Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt
http://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/
http://www.economist.com/node/16374460

past posts mentioning "Merchants of Doubt"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#16 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#5 Lessons Learned from the Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#7 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#52 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#31 An insider's story of the global attack on climate science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#22 $40 billion missile defense system proves unreliable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#73 10 Big Fat Lies and the Liars Who Told Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#100 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#34 43rd President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#63 12 Reasons America Doesn't Win Its Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#1 Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#47 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#59 Breaking: Entire Nation Experiencing Collective Amnesia About Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#13 Merchants of Doubt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#55 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#84 "Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#63 Sugar Industry Long Downplayed Potential Harms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
Date: 24 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#114 Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault

note between tobacco and climate change ... some of the "Merchants of Doubt" were involved in spinning "Team B" analysis
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/
pg47/loc1209-14:
Team B's Claims turned out to be more than a little exaggerated. Later analyses would show that the Soviet Union had not achieved strategic superiority, they had not implemented a missile defense system beyond their single Moscow installation, and they certainly never achieved the ability to dictate U.S. policy. One anecdote perhaps tells the whole story: A few years after the Soviet Union collapsed, one of Teller's proteges toured a site that the Team B panel had believed was a Soviet beam-weapon test facility; it turned out to be a rocket engine test facility. It had nothing at all to do with beam weapons.
... snip ...

and also likely used to spin the IRAQ2 invasion ... major Iraq Invasion proponent was "Team B" member

Military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated (large artillery shells start showing up in IEDs)
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Originally the invasion was justified on Iraq supporting Al Qaeda and it would only cost $50B (now heading for 100 times that). That was then changed to WMD. last decade before invasion, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

much earlier, CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney). In the 80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs (includes picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

How the Iraq War Was Sold
https://www.counterpunch.org/2016/07/08/how-the-iraq-war-was-sold/
To understand the Iraq war you don't need to consult generals, but the spin doctors and PR flacks who stage-managed the countdown to war from the murky corridors of Washington where politics, corporate spin and psy-ops spooks cohabit.
... snip ...

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why so many 6s and 8s in the 70s?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Why so many 6s and 8s in the 70s?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 24 Mar 2018 18:49:53 -0700
hancock4 writes:
The IBM Early Computers history talks about the development of what eventually became the 1401. One of the goals was to develop kind of a 'super' 407 tabulator. For that, not a whole memory was required, though I would think only 1,400 characters was awfully low. The 407 manual is on bitsavers and it is amazing how much functionality that machine had.

I wish I remembered the exact numbers, but the history said memory would be very expensive. So, a lot of customers would want the lowest amount they could get away with.

The 1401 evolved. Tape and disk support were added, which greatly enhanced its value. I suspect that as IBM ramped up its core production in that era (early 1960s--they came up with better ways to make and string cores), the memory costs went down.


somebody at univ. wrote a 709 cobol program that emulated 407 "plug board" application ... which was eventually converted to 360 cobol. The cobol program at the end would even print out the 407 sense switch values. One day, the 360 program printed out some values that had never been seen before. everything stopped while operations decided what to do, they tried contacting the person in the administration responsible for the program, to see if they knew what to do. after an hour or so ... when the 360 (360/67 running with os/360 in 360/65 mode) sitting idle, they decided to rerun the program and see if it came out with the same values. They then sent both outputs on to person in administration.

407 reference
https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=IBM+407&item_type=topic&nojs=1
has several URL references, ibm vintage
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/vintage/vintage_4506VV4007.html
and bitsavers
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/punchedCard/
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/punchedCard/AccountingMachine/
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/punchedCard/Training/
this has ... wiring plug board
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/punchedCard/Training/A24-1007-1_IBM_Functional_Wiring_Principles_Feb66.pdf

past tales of cobol simulate 407
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#21 Mainframers: Take back the light (spotlight, that is)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#5 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#78 IBM 360 Model 20 Questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#76 IBM tried to kill VM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#23 history of RPG and other languages, was search engine history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#34 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#75 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#12 IEBPTPCH questions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
Date: 24 Mar 2018
Blog: Facebook
F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/weapons/2018/f-35-still-no-finish-line-in-sight.html
The F-35 has now entered an unprecedented seventeenth year of continuing redesign, test deficiencies, fixes, schedule slippages, and cost overruns. And it's still not at the finish line. Numerous missteps along the way--from the fact that the two competing contractors, Lockheed Martin and Boeing, submitted "flyoff" planes that were crude and undeveloped "technology demonstrators" rather than following the better practice of submitting fully functional prototypes, to concurrent acquisition malpractice that has prevented design flaws from being discovered until after production models were built--have led to where we are now. According to the latest annual report from the Director, Operational Test & Evaluation (DOT&E), 263 "high priority" performance and safety deficiencies remain unresolved and unaddressed, and the developmental tests--essentially, the laboratory tests--are far from complete. If they complete the tests, more deficiencies will surely be found that must be addressed before the plane can safely carry our Airmen and women into combat.
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

POGO F-35 articles
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/weapons/?child_topics=f-35

pentagon corrupt from top to bottom refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#17 There's No Such Thing as Corporate DNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#84 New hard drive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#15 Corrupt From Top to Bottom
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#16 Modern computer brochures; military security; then and now ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#88 The Pentagon's Pricey Culture of Mediocrity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#68 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#79 What the Gulf War Teaches About the Future of War

F-35 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#57 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#75 American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#10 What Will the Next A-10 Warthog Look Like?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#21 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#55 How to Kill the F-35 Stealth Fighter; It all comes down to radar ... and a big enough missile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#89 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#90 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#92 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#96 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#97 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#105 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#13 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#22 Iran Can Now Detect U.S. Stealth Jets at Long Range
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#61 5th generation stealth, thermal, radar signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#104 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#76 The F-35 Stealth Fighter Is Politically Unstoppable----Even Under President Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#77 Test Pilot Admits the F-35 Can't Dogfight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#78 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#93 F35 Program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#51 The Not-So-Secret Way to Kill an F-22 or F-35 Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#61 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#44 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#36 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#17 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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